What on earth is Turkey complaining about? Their presence in Syria is illegal under International Law

Turkey blames Syrian government for deadly attack on Turkish soldiers

First direct reported confrontation for four years may also strain relations with Moscow

The Turkish military launched the Euphrates Shield operation on 24 August (AFP)

ISTANBUL, Turkey – The Turkish military has said that Syrian government forces were behind the attack that killed three Turkish soldiers and wounded 10 others in northern Syria early on Thursday.

“It has been evaluated that an air attack carried out by the Syrian governent around 3.30am local time on 24 November resulted in the martyrdom of three of our heroic comrade in arms and 10 of our heroic comrades in arms have been injured, one seriously,” a statement on the a statement on the website of the Turkish Armed Forces said.

The attack marks the first direct reported confrontation between Turkish and Syrian government forces since Turkey launched the Euphrates Shield military incursion into northern Syria in late August.

Turkey-backed Free Syrian Army rebels led the charge, raising fears of  escalating an already fierce conflict. The stated intention of the mission is to clear border areas on the Syrian side of groups that pose a threat to Turkey.

Kemal Kilicdaroglu, chairman of the opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP), warned the government to keep a calm head.

“The air attack on operation Euphrates Shield can drag us into a very dangerous process. The government should act with calm,” he said.

Meanwhile, a media gag order was issued preventing any news of the attack from being broadcast.

Will Ankara-Moscow relations come under threat?

Thursday’s incident marks the first direct conflict since 22 June 2012, when the Syrian air force shot down a Turkish Phantom F-4 reconnaissance jet for allegedly violating Syrian air space.

The Turkish administration is an avowed enemy of the Syrian government and has repeatedly called for the ouster of Bashar Al-Assad, accusing him of massacring his own people.

Until the incursion, Ankara’s role in the Syrian conflict was limited after Turkey shot down a Russian jet exactly one year ago.
A rapprochement between Ankara and Moscow that began in late June allowed Turkey to implement its operation without fear of Russian retaliation.
But direct confrontation between Turkish forces and Syrian government forces backed by Russian could now strain relations between Ankara and Moscow.

In addition, Turkey’s military operation has only limited backing from the US, it main ally. After Turkish-led forces took the border town of Jarablus early on in the campaign, US officials said they didn’t sanction any moves further south.

Ankara, however, has vowed to continue to push ahead and ensure that all threats it faces are eliminated. It also hopes to be able to establish a defacto safe zone where refugees fleeing the ongoing conflict can stay instead of crossing into Turkey.

Turkey seeks to deal with Syrian-Kurdish forces

Reports during the past week indicated that the Turkish-led operation was advancing on the town of Al-Bab, the site of Thursday’s attack.  Turkish officials have said their goal is to clear the area of both Islamic State militants and also of Syrian-Kurdish forces, both of which Ankara designates as terrorist and posing a direct threat to Turkey.

Ankara also wants to ensure that the PYD is unable to create a corridor linking the areas under its control and cutting Turkey’s direct access to other groups in Syria.

As recently as Tuesday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan vowed that after taking Al-Bab, the operation would advance toward Manbij where it believes Peoples’ Protection Units (YPG), the military force of the Democratic Union Party (PYD) is nestled.

The US had promised Ankara that YPG forces would withdraw to the east of the Euphrates river after Manbij was secured.  But Ankara has said the promise hasn’t been kept and that it will take unilateral military action if necessary to push the YPG out of Manbij.

Turkey views the PYD and YPG as the Syrian wing of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), with which it has been engaged in a 32-year conflict and which is designated as a terrorist organisation by Turkey, the US and the EU. However, the US and the EU have not designated the PYD and YPG as terrorist
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