المملكة المريضة

أكتوبر 22, 2018

ناصر قنديل

– ليس خافياً حجم الفضيحة الذي تسبّب به للعالم انكشاف درجة الانتماء العميق للسعودية إلى القرون الوسطى رغم طلاء الحداثة الذي حاولت بمعونة أصدقائها وحلفائها تغطية التخلف والتوحش اللذين تغرق فيهما. فالعالم متلعثم أمام عجزه عن الصمت وعجزه عن الكلام، حيث لا يريد أحد من الكبار أن يترك الغنيمة المالية التي تمثلها السعودية لسواه، بعدما لم يتبقّ فيها سواه، فقضية مقتل جمال الخاشقجي لم تفضح جديداً قديماً معلوماً عن السعودية، قدّمت الحرب على اليمن أمثالاً مضاعفة عنه، بتجويع متعمّد بلا رحمة لملايين اليمنيين، وبقتل منظم للمدنيين بكلّ قسوة ووحشية، لكن العالم أراد أن يغمض عينيه، ويتغاضى. قضية الخاشقجي فضحت حكومات الغرب التي وجدت لسانها مرتبكاً وعاجزاً عن الكلام، فصار ينطق بالتقسيط تحت ضربات الرأي العام المتحفز لطرح معادلة، أيّهما أهمّ مال السعودية لقاء الصمت على الجرائم والوحشية ورعاية الإرهاب أم حماية الأمن وتكريس منظومة قيَم تحكم العالم لحفظه، بعدما صار الجمع صعباً إن لم يكن مع كل يوم يمرّ يبدو مستحيلاً.

– قدّم الرئيس الأميركي دونالد ترامب نموذجاً للجواب عن السؤال بقول علني، كان مرات مهيناً للسعودية ومرات مدافعاً عن رموز حكمها، عنوانه المال السعودي يستحق التضحية بالقيَم وبالمعايير والتعايش مع التوحش والجريمة والفساد، والإرهاب أيضاً طالما أنه قابل للتوظيف في حروب بات الغرب عاجزاً عن خوضها، ومقابل ترامب نهضت حملة عالية السقوف وغير مسبوقة بوجه هذا الدلع الذي تحظى به السعودية، والذي يشبه في غير مواضيع الحقوق الفلسطينية، الدلع الذي تحظى به «إسرائيل». فطالما السعودية لا تستخدم مالها أو المكانة الناجمة عنه والتسهيلات التي تحوزها بسببه لحماية الحقوق الفلسطينية، فهي تستحق دلالاً موازياً لـ «إسرائيل» في الصمت عن جرائمها بحق الفلسطينيين، كيف إذا وقفت السعودية بمالها وتوظيف مكانتها المستمدّة من استضافة الحرمين الشريفين، في ضفة تسويق التطبيع مع «إسرائيل» إلى حدّ إشهار التحالف معها تحت شعار العداء المشترك لإيران؟

– لا يختلف أصحاب الحملة التي تدعو لتقليم الأظافر السعودية مع ترامب في أمرين، الأول مواصلة الحماية المطلقة لـ «إسرائيل»، والثانية الارتياح لتخلي السعودية عن الحقوق الفلسطينية، لكنهم يطرحون من موقع المصلحة الأميركية العليا أسئلة جوهرية حول فاعلية وقيمة هذه الحماية للسعودية لدرجة الحديث عن تحوّلها عبئاً على المصالح والسياسات الغربية عموماً والأميركية خصوصاً، واعتبار قضية مقتل الخاشقجي فرصة لتدفيعها ثمن الفشل في الملفات التي تعهّدتها وفي طليعتها، الدفع بالصلح مع «إسرائيل» وفقاً لشرط التخلي عن القدس وحق العودة للاجئين الفلسطينيين بتقديم الشريك الفلسطيني في صفقة القرن، ومثلها تعهّدها الإمساك بصاحب القرار في باكستان كدولة إسلامية كبرى ومحورية ونووية، ومثلهما الفشل في العراق وسورية، بصورة بات كل المشروع الغربي والأميركي خصوصاً في المواجهة مع روسيا والصين وإيران مهدداً بالفشل، وصار ثمن التسويات وضع حدّ للدلع الذي تحظى به السعودية.

– المواجهة مستمرة وفقاً لحسابات لا ينتمي أي منها للخير والحق، أو للدفاع عن حقوق الإنسان والشعوب، بل بالتحديد للإجابة عن سؤال: هل ينبغي الآن وللمصلحة الغربية العليا، والأميركية خصوصاً، تقديم الحماية لولي العهد السعودي محمد بن سلمان، أم السير بتدفيعه ثمن مقتل الخاشقجي كعلامة على فتح ملف تقاسم صفقة القرن الكبرى، الدولة المريضة، كما سُمّيت في نهاية عمرها «الإمبراطورية العثمانية» بالرجل المريض؟

Related Videos

Related Articles

Advertisements

الخاشقجي – غيت القشة التي قصمت ظهر البعير

 

أكتوبر 22, 2018

محمد صادق الحسيني

تتدحرج كرة الثلج وتكبر أكثر فأكثر كلما مرّت الساعات على قضية الكاتب الصحافي جمال الخاشقجي، خاصة ونحن نقترب من الانتخابات النصفية الأميركية، والتي توظف فيها هذه القضية أميركياً بما يتماهى مع قضية ووتر- غيت الشهيرة…!

آخر ما صدر من تعليقات مهمة من مسؤول أميركي كبير قول مسؤول العلاقات الخارجية في الكونغرس الأميركي بوب كوركر: إبن سلمان هو مَن يقف وراء اغتيال الخاشقجي ولا نريده في الحكم…

ما يعني انّ ابن سلمان باتت أيامه معدودة إما أن يرحل اغتيالاً أو يُعزل أو يصبح مطلوباً لمحكمة دولية…!

Image result for ‫إبن سلمان وترامب‬‎
وثمّة مَن يذهب الى أبعد من ذلك فيقول: يبدو أنّ الخاشقجي- غيت ستطيح بكلّ من إبن سلمان وترامب، وأنّ العدّ العكسي لسقوط الصنمين قد يبدأ في ايّ لحظة…!

لن نضيف جديداً إذا ما قلنا إنّ كلّ المعلومات والقرائن تؤكد أنّ محمد بن سلمان هو مَن أصدر أمر ارتكاب هذه الجريمة شخصياً، وأنه أشرف على كلّ تفاصيلها، منذ لحظة ولادة فكرة اغتيال الخاشقجي، في دماغه الإجرامي المريض، وحتى عودة فرقة الموت على متن طائرتين خاصتين سعوديتين أقلعتا من الرياض بأمر شخصي منه وعادتا الى هناك بالأمر نفسه…!

أما العنصر الذي يمكن إضافته الى قضية جريمة قتل الخاشقجي وتقطيع أوصاله وهو على قيد الحياة فهو أنّ الخناق قد بدأ يضيق ليس فقط على محمد بن سلمان وإنما على سيد البيت الأبيض الأميركي الذي يقدّم له الحماية والغطاء السياسي والأمني والعسكري منذ أن سطع نجمه في السعودية بعد تولي والده عرش مملكة آل سعود.

ذلك القابع في البيت الأبيض هو الذي وفر الغطاء السياسي لمحمد بن سلمان ليرتكب من المجازر في اليمن ما لم يرتكبه أحد في التاريخ، وتحت حجة واهية يدّعي فيها ترامب أنه يقدّم دعماً لوجستياً واستخبارياً فقط لقوات العدوان السعودي على اليمن.

لكنه اليوم، وبعد تزايد التأكيدات والمعلومات الاستخبارية لدى أجهزة الاستخبارات الأميركية، المتعلقة بجريمة قتل الخاشقجي، في القنصلية السعودية في اسطنبول بتاريخ 2/10/2018، وبعد المعلومات التي تسلمها من وزير خارجيته، وهو مدير سابق للمخابرات المركزية الأميركية، فإنّ ساكن البيت الأبيض، وفِي معرض إجابته على أسئلة صحيفة «نيويورك تايمز»، في مقابلة أجرتها معه في المكتب البيضاوي في البيت الأبيض، وجد نفسه مضطراً للاعتراف بما يلي:

ـ عن اعتقاده بأنّ الخاشقجي قد قتل.

ـ عن ثقته بالتقارير الاستخبارية المتوفرة لديه والتي تؤكد وجود دور سعودي على مستوى عالٍ في ذلك.

وهذا ما اضطره الى القول، رداً على سؤال حول ما يمكن ان ينشأ عن ذلك من تداعيات، بأنّ العواقب ستكون وخيمة جداً.

والأهمّ من ذلك انّ الرئيس ترامب سيجد نفسه مضطراً لاتخاذ إجراءات قاسية ضدّ إبن سلمان ومملكة آل سعود بشكل عام، وعلى الرغم من الجهود الحثيثة التي يبذلها صهره، جاريد كوشنر، لإقناعه بعدم رفع الغطاء عن محمد بن سلمان، وذلك خوفاً من تدحرج الأمور وصولاً إلى مطالبة جهات أميركية بعينها، بتشكيل تحالف قوى ديمقراطية سياسية وإعلامية في الولايات المتحدة نفسها للمطالبة بتشكيل محكمة دولية لمحاكمة محمد بن سلمان على هذه الجريمة، وما يمكن أن يترتب على ذلك من أضرار قد تلحق بالمصالح والعلاقات الاستراتيجية الأميركية مع مملكة آل سعود، حسب جاريد كوشنر الذي سافر الى الرياض والتقى إبن سلمان على مدى يومين وتدارس معه وسائل محتملة لحمايته ابن سلمان من الملاحقة القانونية دولياً.

بينما انضمّ وزير الخارجية الأميركي إلى هذه الجوقة، بعد عودته من زيارة الرياض وأنقرة، إذ قام بتذكير الصحافيين بالعلاقة الاستراتيجية مع مملكة آل سعود والتي تعود جذورها إلى العام 1932، وتأكيده أنّ المملكة هي حليف مهمّ في محاربة الإرهاب، حسب تعبيره.

لكن ما هو ممكن في السعودية غير ممكن في واشنطن، إذ إنّ الرئيس ليس هو الطرف الوحيد الذي يمكن ان يقرّر سياسة الولايات المتحدة في قضية دولية بهذا الحجم وهذه الخطورة، خاصة أن ترامب نفسه قد اعترف، في المقابلة نفسها مع «نيويورك تايمز»، يوم الخميس 18/10/2018، بأنّ قضية الخاشقجي تشكل له حالياً تحدياً أكبر من كلّ المواضيع الأخرى، وذلك لاستحواذها على اهتمام أكبر بكثير من المفترض.

وهذا ما دفع دان كوتس، في إحدى جلساته الخاصة، للتعبير عن قلقه العميق، من احتمال تزويد الرئيس الأميركي بتقارير وتقييمات تهدف الى حشر الرئيس في اتجاه معيّن، والتأثير على قراره باتجاه الحفاظ على علاقات وثيقة مع السعودية.

في هذا الوقت تأكد تماماً وجود توجهات مختلفة لدى جهات صنع القرار الأميركية بشأن اتهام إبن سلمان بارتكاب الجريمة، وكذلك بخصوص ما يجب على الولايات المتحدة اتخاذه ضدّهما من إجراءات. ومن الواضح انّ الكفة بدأت تميل لصالح القوى الأميركية، الرسمية وغير الرسمية، التي تدعو الى التعامل مع الموضوع بحزم شديد، وذلك حفاظاً على القيم الأميركية والتي يعتبرون الحفاظ عليها هو أساس الحفاظ على مصالح الولايات المتحدة في السعودية وفِي العالم. وقد تجلّى ذلك في إلغاء كبريات الشركات والمؤسسات الأميركية وعلى رأسها وزير الخزانة مشاركتهم في ما يسمّى دافوس الصحراء المقرّر عقده في الرياض هذا الأسبوع.

أيّ انّ إجراءات عزل إبن سلمان قد بدأت فعلاً، وذلك عبر تقويض ما أطلق عليه مشروع إبن سلمان 2030 الذي يهدف، نظرياً، لتطوير الاقتصاد السعودي وتنويعه، بالإضافة إلى الأزمة المتصاعدة والصراع الشديد اللذين تعيشهما العائلة المالكة السعودية في إطار الصراع المستمرّ على الحكم ووصول الصراع إلى درجة مطالبة العديد من أفراد العائلة بتنحية ابن سلمان عن ولاية العهد، وذلك لإنقاذ السعودية من الدمار والانهيار إذا استمرّ هذا الشخص في السيطرة على الحكم، الأمر الذي سيؤدي الى عزلة السعودية وفرض عقوبات مالية واقتصادية ضدّها من قبل الولايات المتحدة والدول الأوروبية.

علماً انّ أوساطاً استخبارية دبلوماسية متابعة لهذه القضية قد أكدت أنّ على السعودية ان تسرع في إنجاز تحقيقاتها الكاملة والنهائية في الموضوع، وذلك لانّ كلّ تأخير سيؤدّي الى قيام تركيا بالإفراج عن المزيد من المعلومات والحقائق التي تدين السعودية وتزيد مهمة طرحها لتفسير أو تصوّر مقبول دولياً لتوصيف الجريمة التي حدثت، وذلك في ضوء انّ الدولة التركية لن تتقاعس في الكشف عن كافة تفاصيل الجريمة ومتابعة الإجراءات القانونية ضدّ المعنيين حسب الأصول.

وها هو أردوغان يصرّح بأنه سيعلن عن كلّ التفاصيل يوم الثلاثاء غداً . بينما ذهبت صحيفة «الغارديان» البريطانية، في عددها الصادر الخميس 18/10/2018 إلى أبعد من ذلك بكثير، حيث أكدت الصحيفة بأنّ القمع الوحشي للمعارضة يؤدّي دائماً إلى تراكم السخط الشعبي الذي ينتج عنه دائماً نتائج كارثية، والملك سلمان كبير بمعنى عاقل بما فيه الكفاية ليتذكّر ما حصل مع شاه ايران. وعليه أن يُطلع ابنه المدلل على ذكرياته أو يشاركه فيها .

إذن فإنّ الخيارات السعودية باتت محصورة في خيارين لا ثالث لهما مهما بدّلوا من رواياتهم لمسرح الجريمة واللاعبين فيه أو فيها:

ـ إما الاعتراف بقيام محمد بن سلمان بارتكاب هذه الجريمة، التي لا مثيل لها في تاريخ البشرية، وتقديمه لمحكمة دولية توقع بحقه العقاب الذي يستحقه.

ـ أو الاستمرار في المكابرة والكذب والنكران والمراوغة وصولاً الى سقوط حكم آل سعود إثر تحوّلات داخلية كبرى تطيح بالعائلة وتجعلها هائمة تبحث عن تأشيرة دخول الى دولة تقبل بإيواء كلّ أفرادها، تماماً كما حصل مع شاه ايران.

هذا ما نصحتهم به الصحيفة البريطانية المذكورة أعلاه، وما يعنيه ذلك من تسليط الضوء على حماقات ومغامرات إبن سلمان الإجرامية، في سورية وليبيا واليمن، وعنجهياته الفارغة التي أطلقها قبل عام تقريباً وأعلن فيها نيته نقل المعركة الى العمق الإيراني. وها نحن نجد أنفسنا نعيش النتائج الكارثية لحماقات هذا الداشر ونرى أنه وبحماقته قد نقل المعركة الى عمق عائلة آل سعود وليس إلى أيّ مكان آخر. الأمر الذي سيعجّل في صدور مذكرة اعتقال دولية ضدّه وجلبه إلى لاهاي ليمثل أمام المحكمة الدولية التي ستحاكمه على كلّ ما ارتكب في اليمن إلى جانب جريمة قتل الخاشقجي.

Image result for ‫محكمة دولية‬‎

وسيعلم الذين ظلموا أيّ منقلب ينقلبون.

بعدنا طيبين، قولوا الله…

Related Videos

Related Articles

Joint Statement of the Serbian and Antiochian Orthodox Patriarchates

Joint Statement of the Serbian and Antiochian Orthodox Patriarchates

source

October 22, 2018

Irenic& Official visit of His Beatitude Patriarch JOHN X to the Serbian Orthodox Church
From October 11to 19, 2018

BELGRADE – 19th of October 2018 – This historical visit, the first since Antiochian Orthodox Patriarch THEODOSIOS VI (Abou-Rjaili) visited Belgrade, was made in the context of the difficult and painful circumstances that are facing the Antiochian Orthodox Church in Syria, Lebanon and the Middle East. This visit also coincides with the crisis that is currently facing the world-wide Orthodox Church, where developments are evolving rapidly and in a disturbing manner, and could lead to the occurrence of permanent detrimental impacts on the bonds of communion, peace and unity between brothers.

1. The visit was an important fraternal occasion for the brothers to meet, and for the Serbian and Antiochian Churches to embrace themselves. It provided a chance to discuss various issues which are common to their Churches’ testimony and witness in today’s world in crisis. It was an occasion also to have a fraternal consultation between both Churches about general Orthodox Church matters and the means to avoid deepening the rift between the brothers, and about the requirements needed to consolidate consultation processes, and the consensus between the Local Orthodox Autocephalous Churches.

2. The discussions between the two Churches were driven by a high degree of the spirit of brotherhood, love, peace and transparency, and were thus based on true ecclesiastical principles which are distinct from unilateralism and approaches driven by certain interests. This spirit of brotherhood generated consensus and harmony between the two Churches in their discussions. The two delegations reviewed the many similarities in each Church’s respective historical experience (Serbian and Antiochian), given that each of them could be considered as a “witnessing” or “martyrial” Church. This experience helps both Churches, despite difficulties and suffering, to witness to the Truth and to Christ in her original historical jurisdiction and in the world. The discussions covered the common relations between the two Churches and the means to develop and consolidate them. The importance of active and ongoing cooperation and relations between the two churches was emphasized. Such ongoing active relations will include various theological, academic and cultural aspects, etc. The two Churches confirmed that the irenic visit that His Beatitude, Patriarch IRENEE, will make to the Antiochian Patriarchate, will take place in the near future.

3. The two delegations reviewed the continuing efforts deployed by the Serbian Church at all levels, to preserve her historical, spiritual and national heritage, especially in the Kosovo Metochion, which is considered the historical homeland of the Serbian Church. Both delegations confirmed the importance of supporting this effort, in line with the principles of human rights, peaceful coexistence between civilizations and religions, and compliance with international laws and order, given the importance of the Serbian heritage for the history and existential conscience of the Serbian Church, her present and future.

4. The Antiochian and Serbian delegations reviewed the difficult and painful situation that the Antiochian Orthodox Church is facing in Syria, Lebanon, and all the other states and societies of the Middle East. These people are suffering from killing, terrorism, destruction, forced displacement of population, emigration, and the various forms of political and societal instability that have affected their dignity and freedom, and the dignity of their day-to-day living. The two delegations reaffirm the fact that the Antiochian Christian presence in the East is an original one which goes back 2000 years, and that the Christians living there are not, and do not consider themselves as being minorities in this region, but one of the indigenous components of its many states and societies. They are also an integral part of the historical societal tissue of this region and of the Antiochian space and they continue to stay and are strongly attached to their land and to their testimony in this

5. The two Churches strongly underlined the importance of supporting the Church of Antioch in all that could help this Apostolic Church to continue ahead in her salvivic witness and testimony in the Middle East. This includes encouraging the people remain in their homeland and to partner in building the “State of Citizenship” which makes them equal in rights and obligations with all the other citizens. Both Churches consider that the only possible solution to put a peaceful end to all the tragedies of the countries of this region, is to remain in the dialogue and the acceptance of the other and its differences, and in adopting open dialogue and peaceful coexistence between all the components. This is accomplished primarily by ensuring the equality of rights and obligations between all citizens. More than ever, promoting peace and respecting religious diversity, are two important factors to spread peace all over the Middle East.

6. Both Churches regret the continuing and deepest silence related to the kidnapping of the two Aleppo bishops, Metropolitan PAUL Yazigi and Metropolitan JOHN Ibrahim. After more than five years, the world appears to have forgotten this important humanitarian case. Both Churches make an appeal to all local, regional and international institutions and organizations to urgently resume follow-up of this matter, to reveal the fate of the two bishops, and to make every effort to release them and bring them back to their respective dioceses.

7. Both the Serbian and Antiochian Churches regret that the dispute between the Patriarchates of Antioch and Jerusalem, resulting from the decision of the latter to elect and ordain an Archbishop for Qatar which is in the historical canonical ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Antioch and all the East, has not yet been resolved. The two Churches express regret also that the impact on the whole of Orthodoxy because of this conflict have not been considered in a timely fashion by all the other Orthodox Churches. This is despite the terms of the agreement achieved through the discussions of the two Churches in June, 2013 in the presence and mediation of the Ecumenical Patriarchate and the Greek foreign ministry. These terms have been documented by the mentioned ministry and in the correspondence of the Ecumenical Patriarchate, admitting thus the existence of the agreement and of its terms.

8. The Serbian and Antiochian Churches express their great concern about the dangers of estrangement, division and separation that threaten the Local Autocephalous Orthodox Churches in our present day. We believe these are a result of unilateral decisions which are impacting the basis of consensus and of fraternal relations between these Churches. Such unilateral decisions are hurting both their unifying bonds and the influence of the Orthodox Church’s testimony in today’s world. The two Churches consider that the current historical momentum is very difficult and sensitive. This momentum requires more than ever before, a lot of wisdom, patience and spiritual vigilance to preserve both the peace of the Orthodox Church and her unity, as well as prevent her from falling, consciously or unconsciously, into the pitfalls of political axes and the political ambitions of nations. Doing so will hurt and weaken the Orthodox testimony and witness in today’s world.

Consequently, the two Churches declare the following:

А. The unity of the Orthodox Christian world and its peace have been placed by Jesus Christ in our hands. Therefore, the two Churches confirm that the strengthening of the unity of the Orthodox Church is a matter of great importance. This is true because the Church is exposed to various dangers and challenges that have originated in today’s world, with its contradictions and divisions, and its various societal and existential impacts on the human person.

B. It is not possible to translate the unity of faith, in a tangible reality and in an efficient testimony that influences human persons in today’s world, which is torn by existential and societal tensions, if the Orthodox Church does not reveal to the world her Church’s unity. This unity is expressed in her words and by her actions. This unity is expressed through conciliarity (synodality, sobornost), work processes, consultation and decision-making processes based on the traditional canonical order of Orthodox Church and consensus between the Orthodox Churches, whatever their size. The Orthodox Church is one, holy, catholic and apostolic, and is not a federation or a confederation of churches that are separate and independent from each other, acting and reacting based on self-interests, and which appear to the world as a group of Churches in conflict, in dispute, and in estrangement between each other.

C. In the context of the Orthodox Church’s universal presence all over the world, the Orthodox witness requires today, more than ever, additional openness, discussions, exchanges of expertise and the deployment of traditional canonical conciliarity between all the Orthodox Churches to unify their testimony in the modern world. This is why the two Churches confirm that it is in the best-interest of the Orthodox Church to embark upon a self-critical review of all the unilateral processes and decisions. This will lead to the preservation of the bonds of unity and communion in brotherhood, love and peace between all the Orthodox Churches, being members of one body (the Body of the Christ). We also require a serious, efficient and processual reactivation of the spirit of unity, consultation, conciliarity and the application of the principle of consensus in approaching and deciding on the common matters between Orthodox Churches. These especially include the decisions related to the granting of autocephaly, based on the principles of Orthodox ecclesiology and canonical order.

D. Orthodox conciliarity is the only efficient way to avoid further deterioration between the Orthodox Churches leading to even deeper estrangement, division and separation. These very things threaten the unity of the whole Orthodox body. Only sound conciliarity, which is based in the first place on the unity of the Eucharistic Chalice, can and should be the basis and the foundation for all we do.

The dangerous situation in the Orthodox world, resulting from the situation in Ukraine, cannot continue without ultimately establishing a lasting division between all the members of the Orthodox Church. That is detrimental to the peace bond in the Orthodox pleroma and to its testimony in today’s world.

Therefore, and given the urgent need to avoid further escalation in the current crisis, the Serbian and Antiochian Patriarchs appeal to their brother, His All Holiness the Ecumenical Patriarch, to restore the fraternal dialogue with the Orthodox Church of Russia in order to, with the fraternal assistance and participation of all the other primates of the Local Orthodox Autocephalous Churches, resolve the conflict between the Patriarchates of Constantinople and Moscow and to restore back the bond of peace in the Orthodox Church,

THE PATRIARCHATE OF SERBIA THE PATRIARCHATE OF ANTIOCH
PATRIARCH IRINEY PATRIARCH JOHN X

 

American War Declaration

American War Declaration

PATRICK ARMSTRONG | 22.10.2018

American War Declaration

Wess Mitchell, Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs in the US State Department, gave a remarkable presentation to the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee on 21 August 2018. Titled “US Strategy Towards the Russian Federation” it ostensibly lays out the US reaction to Russia’s continuing aggression, hostility, interference and so forth. It is written in the tone of a sadder but wiser householder who, formerly expecting better from his neighbour, now realises that there will be no better: the neighbour, alas, is not capable of decent behaviour. While remaining ever hopeful that reason will prevail, the peaceful neighbour must gird himself for an unpleasant struggle – Washington must respond to Moscow’s disruption. How sad.

But in all of these areas, it is up to Russia, not America, to take the next step. Our policy remains unchanged: steady cost-imposition until Russia changes course.

But, in an interesting slip of the tongue, he gave away the real policy. I say “slip of the tongue” because the State Department version of his speech leaves out the two sentences that tell you that most of Mitchell’s testimony is sleight of hand to distract the audience.

Senate testimony version

The starting point of the National Security Strategy is the recognition that America has entered a period of big-power competition, and that past US policies have neither sufficiently grasped the scope of this emerging trend nor adequately equipped our nation to succeed in it. Contrary to the hopeful assumptions of previous administrations, Russia and China are serious competitors that are building up the material and ideological wherewithal to contest US primacy and leadership in the 21st Century. It continues to be among the foremost national security interests of the United States to prevent the domination of the Eurasian landmass by hostile powers. The central aim of the administration’s foreign policy is to prepare our nation to confront this challenge by systematically strengthening the military, economic and political fundaments of American power.

The State Department version leaves out the two emphasised sentences.

So, Mitchell – who ought to know – is telling us that a “foremost [but there can be only one foremost] national security interest” of the USA is to

prevent the
domination of
the Eurasian landmass by
Russia and China

In 1904 Halford Mackinder wrote a paper in which he divided the world into “the World-Island” (Europe, Asia and Africa); the “Offshore islands” (British Isles, Japan and others), and “the Outlying Islands” (the Americas and Australia) and discussed the geopolitical implications. In 1919 he summed his theory up as:

Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland;

who rules the Heartland commands the World-Island;

who rules the World-Island commands the world.

In Mitchell’s presentation, the principal “Outlying Island” and its allies in the “Offshore Islands” must prevent Russia and China from controlling the “Heartland”. Echoed by George Friedman’s remarks that the essence of US policy for a century or more was to prevent Germany and Russia from uniting.

Now Americans have always been a bit uncomfortable about their imperium. Going so far sometimes as to deny that there is any such thing. Perhaps a hegemony but only an empire if President Bush makes the wrong decisions (which I suppose the author would say he did). Niall Ferguson says it’s an “empire in denial“. Friedman seems prepared to use the word. A “tempered American imperialism” maybe. Not an empire; yes it is but it’s a good empire. And so on: there’s as much or as little debate as you want but the central reality is that Americans are not comfortable with the idea of being an imperial power. Not so the Romans: they gloried in it; Rome had the power and it used it. Cato the Elder was delighted with the death and enslavement of the Carthaginians. Caesar claimed to have killed a million Gauls and enslaved a million more and there’s nothing to suggest he lost a moment’s sleep over it. Vae victis.

What Mitchell would be saying, if he were a Roman, is that we intend to remain the world’s predominant power and if Russia is an obstacle, we will crush it. That’s the way of the world and that’s what we’ll do. And China and Iran and anyone else. But he’s an American so he must pretend that the USA is the peaceful householder and Russia is the troublesome neighbour; he must tell the Senate committee, and it so expects, that Moscow has broken the peace and deserves punishment.

The specific charges he makes against Russia are nonsense.

In Ukraine, we have maintained an effort under Ambassador Kurt Volker to provide the means by which Russia can live up to its commitments under the Minsk Agreements.

The word “Russia” doesn’t even appear in the Minsk Agreements; there are no “commitments”.

unprecedentedly brazen influence operations orchestrated by the Kremlin on the soil of our allies and even here at home in the United States

few Facebook ads, most of which appeared after the election and only “Russian” by assertion. Even at the most generous interpretation of “Russian-influenced”, it’s a negligible number of possibles. And, as I have argued elsewhere, had Moscow wanted to influence the election it would have used the Uranium One case to either blackmail or smear Clinton.

Putin wants to break apart the American Republic, not by influencing an election or two, but by systematically inflaming the perceived fault-lines that exist within our society. His is a strategy of chaos for strategic effect.

I suppose that the “factual basis” for that is that some American who wants to break California into two parts lives part time in Moscow and a Russian professor thought that the USA would break up into a number of pieces. So what? there are lots of opinions around, who cares what some academic says or thinks? Zbigniew Brzezinski, who was a lot closer to power than these Russians, thought that a “loosely confederated Russia” of three parts would be a good idea. And Stratfor’s Friedman thinks Russia will break up soon. But when a senior US official says that “Putin wants to break apart the American Republic”, that’s existential; that’s a pretty serious charge. Is it a nuclear war kind of charge?

the Putinist system’s permanent and self-justifying struggle for international dominance.

(But didn’t Mitchell say something about preventing the “domination of the Eurasian landmass by hostile powers”? Wouldn’t his Russian equivalent be able to point to his speech and talk about how Russia must resist Washington’s “permanent and self-justifying struggle for international dominance”?). It’s not Moscow that has 800 or so military bases around the world; Moscow isn’t expanding its military alliance to the US border. Projection.

There’s lots of projection in Washington’s and its minions’ assertions about Russia. As far as official Washington is concerned, Moscow’s resistance to the Imperium can only mean that it wants to crush the US, break it up, incite civil war and impose its imperium on the world. (Romans would agree: either Rome eats, or Rome is eaten.) If you look in a mirror you see yourself. Projection again.

Doing so involves an evolved toolkit of subversive statecraft first employed by the Bolshevik and later the Soviet state, which has been upgraded for the digital age. While these tools and technologies differ depending on the context, the key to their success is that the Kremlin employs them within a common strategic and operational framework aimed at leveraging all available means to achieve a decisive strategic effect.

Bolsheviks, Putinists whatever: Russia, the Once and Future Enemy. I think my favourite part – what adjective? – deluded? crazy? insane? McCartheyesque? is this bit:

we formed a new position – the Senior Advisor for Russian Malign Activities and Trends (or, SARMAT) – to develop cross-regional strategies across offices.

SARMAT – a Russian ICBM named after the Sarmatians, who may have been the origin of the Arthurian legends. Is this a joke? But who can tell these days? But one can be certain that the office will grow and grow as it busily finds evidence of Russian involvement everywhere: Star Warsorganic foodgunsMuellervaxx; whatever brings in the salaries and promotions. (But a rather unimaginative name though: why not SPecial Executive for Countering Terrorist Russian Excesses? Or Special Ministry for Engaging Russian Sabotage and Horrors?)

Pretty crazy stuff indeed – frighteningly so – but, thanks to Mitchell giving away the secret, we don’t have to waste our time debating Russia and Ukraine or how cute puppies “sow discord and chaos“. They’re only shoved in because Americans have to be the white hats – “Moscow is attacking us!” – when a Cato would bluntly say: “Moscow must be destroyed!” But it’s the same thing: it’s a Mackinder war. So far with sanctions (the economic fundament) and propaganda accusations (the political fundament). The military fundament fortunately remains offstage.

* * *

But Mitchell is late to the party. Moscow and Beijing know they’re on the hitlist and their alliance grows and strengthens. Iran, a significant player on the “World-Island” knows it’s on the hitlist too. India is playing both sides. The endless American wars in the MENA do not strengthen Washington’s control of the “Eurasian landmass”. CAATSA will alienate everyone else. Even Zbigniew Brzezinski came to understand “[the US was] no longer the globally imperial power“.

I would argue that the American dominance of the Twentieth Century was principally due to four factors. A tremendous manufacturing capacity; great inventive ingenuity allied to the ability to exploit new inventions; a stable political system; the emotive reality of “the American Dream”. How much remains? A recent government report summarises the outsourcing of manufacturing. Is the inventive capacity more than just social media, pop music or a different iPhone button? Political stability wobbles. And as to the American Dream: will your children be better off than you are? One should not forget that Trump was elected on the slogan “Make America Great Again”.

Perhaps the Mackinder War has already been won by the “Heartland” powers.

* * *

Statement of A. Wess Mitchell

Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs

Senate Foreign Relations Committee

US Strategy Towards the Russian Federation

Tuesday, August 21, 2018

Chairman Corker, Ranking Member Menendez, thank you for inviting me to testify today. I will use my prepared comments to outline in brief form the overarching strategy of the United States towards the Russian Federation. The foundation for this strategy is provided by three documents, as directed and approved by the President: the National Security Strategy, the National Defense Strategy and the Russia Integrated Strategy.

The starting point of the National Security Strategy is the recognition that America has entered a period of big-power competition, and that past US policies have neither sufficiently grasped the scope of this emerging trend nor adequately equipped our nation to succeed in it. Contrary to the hopeful assumptions of previous administrations, Russia and China are serious competitors that are building up the material and ideological wherewithal to contest US primacy and leadership in the 21st Century. It continues to be among the foremost national security interests of the United States to prevent the domination of the Eurasian landmass by hostile powers. The central aim of the administration’s foreign policy is to prepare our nation to confront this challenge by systematically strengthening the military, economic and political fundaments of American power.

Our Russia policy proceeds from the recognition that, to be effective, US diplomacy toward Russia must be backed by “military power that is second to none and fully integrated with our allies and all of our instruments of power.” To this end, the administration has reversed years of cuts to the US defense budget, begun the process of recapitalizing the US nuclear arsenal, requested close to $11 billion to support the European Deterrence Initiative, and, in the past year and a half, worked with NATO Allies to bring about the largest European defense spending increase since the Cold War – a total of more than $40 billion to date. In addition to commitments from over half of the Alliance to meet NATO’s two-percent defense spending requirement by 2024, the United States achieved virtually all of our policy objectives at the NATO Summit, including the establishment of two new NATO Commands (including one here in the United States), the establishment of new counter-hybrid threat response teams, and major, multi-year initiatives to bolster the mobility, readiness, and capability of the Alliance.

In tandem, we have worked to degrade Russia’s ability to conduct aggression by imposing costs on the Russian state and the oligarchy that sustains it. Building on Secretary Pompeo’s recent testimony, I am submitting for the record a detailed list of actions this administration has taken. These include, to date: 217 individuals and entities sanctioned, 6 diplomatic and consular facilities closed or kept closed, and 60 spies removed from US soil. The State Department has played the lead role in ensuring that these efforts are closely and effectively coordinated with European allies through synchronized expulsions and the continued roll-over of sanctions related to Russia’s ongoing aggression against Ukraine.

Our actions are having an impact. Research by the State Department’s Office of the Chief Economist shows that on average sanctioned Russian firms see their operating revenue fall by a quarter; their total asset valuation fall by half; and are forced to fire a third of their employees. We believe our sanctions, cumulatively, have cost the Russian government tens of billions of dollars on top of the broader impact on state-owned sectors and the chilling effect of US sanctions on the Russian economy. Following the announcement of sanctions in April, the Russian company Rusal lost about fifty percent of its market value. In the five days following our August 8 announcement of Chemical and Biological Weapons Act sanctions, the ruble depreciated to its lowest level against the dollar in two years.

Even as we have imposed unprecedented penalties for Russian aggression, we have been clear that the door to dialogue is open, should Putin choose to take credible steps toward a constructive path. In Syria, we created de-escalation channels to avoid collisions between our forces. In Ukraine, we have maintained an effort under Ambassador Kurt Volker to provide the means by which Russia can live up to its commitments under the Minsk Agreements. But in all of these areas, it is up to Russia, not America, to take the next step. Our policy remains unchanged: steady cost-imposition until Russia changes course.

As with the overall strategy, the premise of these efforts has been that our diplomacy is most effective when backed by positions of strength. We have placed particular emphasis on bolstering the states of frontline Europe that are most susceptible to Russian geopolitical pressure. In Ukraine and Georgia, we lifted the previous administration’s restrictions on the acquisition of defensive weapons for resisting Russian territorial aggression. In the Balkans, American diplomacy has played a lead role in resolving the Greece-Macedonia name dispute and is engaging with Serbia and Kosovo to propel the EU-led dialogue. In the Caucasus, Black Sea region, and Central Europe we are working to close the vacuums that invite Russian penetration by promoting energy diversification, fighting corruption, and competing for hearts and minds in the lead-up to the 30th anniversary of the end of Communism.

Our strategy is animated by the realization that the threat from Russia has evolved beyond being simply an external or military one; it includes unprecedentedly brazen influence operations orchestrated by the Kremlin on the soil of our allies and even here at home in the United States. These activities are, as FBI Director Wray recently stated, “wide and deep,” being both extensively resourced and directed from the highest levels of the Russian state. We work closely with the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Justice and, and the National Security Council to ensure that all relevant resources are being brought to bear to thwart and punish any Russian influence campaigns in the run-up to the elections.

It’s important to state clearly what these campaigns are and are not about.

What they’re not about is any particular attachment to specific US domestic political causes. They are not about right or left or American political philosophy. The threat from Russian influence operations existed long before our 2016 presidential election and will continue long after this election cycle, or the next, or the next. As the recent Facebook purges reveal, the Russian state has promoted fringe voices on the political left, not just the right, including groups who advocate violence, the storming of federal buildings and the overthrow of the US government. Russia foments and funds controversial causes – and then foments and funds the causes opposed to those causes. Putin’s thesis is that the American Constitution is an experiment that will fail if challenged in the right way from within. Putin wants to break apart the American Republic, not by influencing an election or two, but by systematically inflaming the perceived fault-lines that exist within our society. His is a strategy of chaos for strategic effect. Accepting this fact is absolutely essential for developing a long-term comprehensive response to the problem. The most dangerous thing we could do is to politicize the challenge, which in itself would be a gift to Putin.

What Russian efforts are about is geopolitics: the Putinist system’s permanent and self-justifying struggle for international dominance. As stated by a handbook of the Russian Armed Forces, the goal is “to carry out mass psychological campaigns against the population of a state in order to destabilize society and the government; as well as forcing a state to make decisions in the interests of their opponents.” Doing so involves an evolved toolkit of subversive statecraft first employed by the Bolshevik and later the Soviet state, which has been upgraded for the digital age. While these tools and technologies differ depending on the context, the key to their success is that the Kremlin employs them within a common strategic and operational framework aimed at leveraging all available means to achieve a decisive strategic effect.

The State Department takes this threat very seriously. From my first day on the job, I have established for our team that countering this threat, in both its overt and covert forms, will be among the highest priorities for the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs. As a co-chair of the Russia Influence Group, I work with General Scapparotti to bring the combined resources of EUR and EUCOM to bear against this problem. Under EUR’s leadership, all 50 US missions located in Europe and Eurasia are required to develop, coordinate and execute tailored action plans for rebuffing Russian influence operations in their host countries.

Within the Bureau, we recruited one of the architects of the Global Engagement Center legislation from the staff of a member of this committee; in addition, we formed a new position – the Senior Advisor for Russian Malign Activities and Trends (or, SARMAT) – to develop cross-regional strategies across offices. Early this year, EUR created a dedicated team within the Bureau to take the offensive and publicly expose Russian malign activities, which since January of this year has called out the Kremlin on 112 occasions. Together with the GEC, EUR is now working with our close ally the UK to form an international coalition for coordinating efforts in this field. The State Department requested over $380 million in security and economic assistance accounts in the President’s 2019 Budget for Europe and Eurasia that can be allocated toward combatting Russian malign influence.

In these efforts, we recognize that Congress has an important role to play in providing the tools and resources that will be needed to deal effectively with the combined Russian problem set. As Secretary Pompeo made clear in his recent testimony, we are committed to working with all of you to make headway against this problem and align our efforts in support of the President’s Russia strategy.

Mr. Chairman, thank you again for inviting me to speak today. I welcome your questions.

جمال خاشقجي: أغلى جثة في التاريخ! مزاد بين ترامب واردوغان.. والحساب على بن سلمان

 

بقلم طلال سلمان

 

قُضِيَ الأمر، وثبت شرعاً، وبالدليل المادي الملموس، وباعتراف تركي رسمي، بأن جمال خاشقجي قد قضى نحبه داخل القنصلية السعودية في اسطنبول..


لكن هذه الجريمة مازالت، حتى اللحظة، “مجهولة الجاني”؟! والأسباب: هل هو انتحار، مثلاً؟ ام هو استهداف ـ من بعيد ـ لولي العهد السعودي الامير محمد بن سلمان؟ ام هو استهداف لبطل كل الازمنة والأمكنة أردوغان؟ ام أن المغدور الخاشقجي لم يجد وسيلة للتخلص من خطيبته التركية التي كانت تنتظره عند باب القنصلية سوى الطلب من القنصل السعودي ومعاونيه أن يريحوه منها ويريحوها منه، ولهم الاجر والثواب؟

ثم.. من تراه صاحب القرار في “اعدام” الخاشقجي؟.

في مملكة الصمت والذهب صاحب القرار واحد احد لا ثاني له ولا وكيل ولا نائب، ففي حضور الغياب، او غياب الحضور لخادم الحرمين الشريفين (وهو لقب موروث عن السلطان العثماني، الذي انتبه متأخراً إلى ان اللقب ليس من حقه شرعاً، فهو ليس من الاسرة الهاشمية، بل وليس حتى من العرب).. وهكذا تخلى عنه. ولما آل الحكم في ارض النبوة إلى آل سعود، وقد أخذوها بالسيف ومعه الانكليز، بات طبيعياً أن يزينوا عرشهم باللقب السامي، الذي قد يمنحهم حصانة مفتقدة باعتبار انهم ليسوا من اهل النسب الشريف ولكنهم من اهل السيفين؟

ثم.. لماذا تُرك الخاشقجي حراً، بعد مذبحة الامراء ورجال الاعمال التي انتهت بهم في فندق ريتز الفخم في الرياض بعدما دفعوا المال ورأس المال، بعد كراماتهم وسمعتهم وملياراتهم ومعها؟..

لماذا لم يبادر الامير خالد بن سلمان، سفير السعودية في واشنطن، إلى احتجاز الخاشقجي في السفارة الفخمة، وتركه يغادر إلى تركيا.. أليس هذا التقصير خطيراً؟
ولماذا أُتيحت للرئيس الاميركي دونالد ترامب هذه الفرصة الذهبية بالفعل، لابتزاز المملكة في ذهبها وكشف خيبة سيفها، اذ تحولت العملية الموعودة إلى ما يشبه الانتحار الذاتي لمملكة الصمت الابيض والذهب الاسود؟!

لقد تهافت الملوك والرؤساء والامراء والوزراء والاعيان العرب، في المشرق والمغرب، على مسابقة بعضهم البعض في إعلان الولاء للمملكة المعروفة بديمقراطيتها وتدينها (بدليل انها مسحت كل الامكنة التي تذكر برسول الله ونبيه محمد بن عبد الله) لأنها مع السياحة وضد عبادة الاصنام، ومع التجارة الحرة، لا سيما وان الحرم وجواره يكاد يكون الأغلى سعراً في التاريخ الانساني.. فهل يجوز أن نترك الحجيج يقوم بمراسم الحج مشياً على الاقدام، ام نيسر له الامر فيتنقل بالقطار الكهربائي السريع، حيث لا غبار، ولا مشقة، وانما زيادة طفيفة في رسوم الانتقال؟!

كل اولئك الملوك والرؤساء والوزراء والاعيان بالأجر، ومعهم الصحف والاذاعات ومحطات التلفزة التي يملكون، تبرعوا بشهادة الزور طوعاً، بعضهم من اقسم بما قُسم له من الشرهات، وبعضهم الآخر راهن على زيادة المخصص، باعتبار أن هذه المهمة “طارئة” ومن خارج دوام النفاق الرسمي.

وبطبيعة الحال، فان أبواق اصحاب الجلالة والفخامة هؤلاء، قد نطقوا كفراً، وشهدوا زوراً، وتبرعوا بروايات عجيبة غريبة عن علاقتهم بجمال خاشقجي، بل أن بينهم من ادعى الصداقة الحميمة مع الكاتب المغيب والذي لم يعد بإمكانه أن يكذب هذا “الشاهد الملك”.

بالمقابل فان الادارة الاميركية بقيادة الرئيس دونالد ترامب، وهو المضارب المميز في البورصة، قد مارست لعبتها المفضلة: بدأت باستهوال الجريمة الموصوفة، مع التوكيد انها لا تستطيع الصمت، وان على المملكة أن تثبت براءتها والا… وفي مكالمة مع الملك السعودي رفع الرئيس الاميركي صوته بالابتزاز:

نحن نحميكم.. وأنتم لا تدفعون لنا كفاية.. لولانا لما كنتم موجودين، فادفعوا والا… ثم اننا نعرف كل التفاصيل عن خاشقجي الذي كان يقيم لدينا وتنشر مقالاته في كبريات صحفنا… ثم، أيها الملك، ماذا لديكم غير المال، ونحن نحتاجه لدفع مرتبات العمال والموظفين المنتجين. هيا ادفعوا او تحملوا النتائج..

..ويبدو أن هذا الانذار قد اعطى ثماره: فأمس الاول، توجه وزير الخارجية الاميركية إلى الرياض لإنجاز الصفقة مع الملك الغائب وولي العهد الحاضر محمد بن سلمان.

أما أردوغان تركيا فقد جاءته الفرصة الذهبية من حيث لا يحتسب: انه الآن سيد اللعبة، يأخذ من السعودية، ويأخذ من ادارة ترامب..

Image result for ‫أردوغان بن سلمان‬‎

والمزاد مفتوح، ولسوف يحقق “بضربة واحدة” ما ينعش الاقتصاد التركي الذي يتراجع حتى لو احتاجت عملته إلى جراحات تجميلية عديدة لكي لا تنهار، كما في ماضيها القريب..

الكل سيخرج من هذه الصفقة رابحاً: الولايات المتحدة التي تريد المزيد والمزيد من ذهب المملكة الذي يُهدر على القصور واليخوت والحروب العبثية، كما في اليمن، و”الشرهات” المتعاظمة لملوك ورؤساء ووزراء في بلاد المشرق والمغرب (حتى حيث لا دولة، كما حال ليبيا..)

ثم أن تركيا التي تحسن الاتجار بالإسلام في الدول التي شعوبها، كلها او بعضها، طورانية.. كما انها تحتضن الاخوان المسلمين، مغرباً ومشرقاً بعنوان سوريا، كما أن رئيسها اردوغان يتقن لعبة الديمقراطية، فها هو سلطان منتخب بأصوات الاتراك، ومن ضمنها اصوات الارمن المقتولين، والكرد المرشحين للقتل، والعرب الذين “تُرِّكوا” برغم انوفهم كما في “اللواء السليب” اسكندرون..

أما الخاسر الاكبر فهم العرب الذين يخسرون، يومياً، وبأفضال حكامهم، المزيد من جدارتهم بأن يكونوا احفاد ناشري الدين الاسلامي في العالم وبناة الحضارة من بغداد العباسيين إلى الصين مروراً بالأندلس، بعد دمشق الامويين، وقاهرة الفاطميين..

وذهب الملك السعودي وولي عهده الذي يبشرنا بحجز ابناء عمومته، ومعهم رئيس حكومة لبنان، وقتل معارضيه، بشهادة جمال خاشقجي، لن يبني الغد الافضل، وان كان سيشوه الغد المرتجى!

لقد ثبت أن قنصلية سعودية واحدة تستطيع أن تغير في التحالفات الدولية، وان تهز مملكة الصمت والذهب، وان تحقق لترامب اقصى ما كان يطمع في جبايته من السعودية، وان تعيد الاعتبار إلى اردوغان … وكل ذلك بجثة واحدة مزقتها السكاكين والسيوف والرصاص في القنصلية المذهبة في اسطنبول.

كاتب ورئيس تحرير وناشر صحيفة السفير

رأي اليوم

Related Videos

 

 

Related Articles

 

Surveillance Footage Shows Saudi Operative In Khashoggi’s Clothes After He Was Killed

Surveillance Footage Shows Saudi Operative In Khashoggi’s Clothes After He Was Killed

Local Editor

One member of the 15-man team suspected in the death of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi dressed up in his clothes and was captured on surveillance cameras around Istanbul on the day the journalist was killed.

CNN obtained exclusive law enforcement surveillance footage, part of the Turkish government’s investigation, that appears to show the man leaving the consulate by the back door, wearing Khashoggi’s clothes, a fake beard, and glasses.

The same man was seen in Khashoggi’s clothing, according to the Turkish case, at the city’s world-famous Blue Mosque just hours after the journalist was last seen alive entering the consulate on October 2.

The man in the video, identified by the official as Mustafa al-Madani, was allegedly part of what investigators have said was a hit squad, sent to kill the journalist at the Saudi consulate during a scheduled appointment to get papers for his upcoming wedding.

In the apparent cover-up that followed Khashoggi’s death, Madani, 57, who is of similar height, age and build to Khashoggi, 59, was used as a decoy for the journalist, according to the Turkish official.

A senior Turkish official told CNN that the video showed that Madani was brought to Istanbul to act as a body double.

Madani was wearing what the video appears to show to be Khashoggi’s dark blazer, gray shirt opened at the collar and trousers.

Four hours earlier Madani had entered the consulate by the front door, alongside an alleged accomplice. The video appears to show Madani without a beard, wearing a blue and white checked shirt and dark blue trousers. When he exited the consulate dressed as Khashoggi, the video then appears to show him wearing the same dark pair of sneakers with white soles that he first arrived in prior to the journalist’s death.

This surveillance footage is another piece of evidence in the mysterious case of what happened to Khashoggi after he entered the consulate almost three weeks ago. It forms part of the wider investigation by Turkish officials into the events of that day and the continued interrogation and international questioning of Saudi Arabia’s version of how the journalist died.

Source: CNN, Edited by website team

Hezbollah: Saudi Can Bribe US & Int’l Community, Not Resistance and Honorable Yemenis

Deputy chief of Hezbollah's Executive Council Sheikh Nabil Qawook

 

October 21, 2018

Member of Hezbollah Central Council Sheikh Nabil Qawook on Sunday considered that the US-European silence about the Saudi continuous crime in Yemen is hypocritical, stressing that Washington covers KSA’s criminal acts in return for money.

Sheikh Qawook added that Saudi can bribe US, Congress, and the entire international community but fails to confiscate the will of the Resistance and the honorable Yemenis, pointing out that Riyadh sanctions Hezbollah due to his attitude against its crimes in Yemen.

His eminence also highlighted that Hezbollah managed to obtain accurate rockets and developed his own military arsenal despite the Israeli attempts to prevent this process, adding that the Zionists no longer trust their leadership’s claims of being able to hinder the Resistance military capabilities augmentation.

Domestically, Sheikh Qawook said that the cabinet formation process is being delayed despite the progress witnessed in this concern, adding that this delay is negatively affecting the socioeconomic conditions of all the Lebanese.

Source: Al-Manar English Website

Related Videos

Related Articles

%d bloggers like this: