Tiktok – How Trump Failed America

Tiktok – How Trump Failed America

October 18, 2020

By Allen Yu for the Saker Blog

Donald Trump was elected with a mandate to make deals and “drain the swamp.” I had my doubts he could make a difference in the geopolitical realm. But even on economic matters, he has not had a lot of success. His Tiktok saga reveals just how far he has left people down.

Trump’s demand for a fire sale of Tiktok hit a legal wall two weekends ago when a federal judge issued a preliminary injunction. Judge Carl Nichols, a Trump appointee, questioned whether a President had the legal authority to so broadly ban and restrict a “personal communication” and “informational” service such as Tiktok on “national security” grounds.

But even without the injunction, Trump’s vaunted deal-making skills were fast morphing into a freak show. From the beginning, Trump made unsubstantiated accusation that Tiktok was being used as a platform for Chinese espionage even when the CIA found no evidence of Chinese espionage. The EFF – which traditionally has been critical of China’s Internet companies – has also concluded that there is no evidence that TikTok is less secure than other social media apps.

Side note – Lesson #1: if you want to negotiate from a position of strength, you should not start out with a preposterous position, as you will soon lose the trust and belief of the other side. A negotiation is the art of find a deal that both sides walk away happy. If you just want to pummel the other to submission, any “gains” you get will not last.

In late September, after months of negotiations, a surprise deal was announced between Byte Dance and Oracle whereby Byte Dance’s operations outside China would be transformed into a new global company headquartered in Texas. Under the deal initially announced by Oracle late last September, Tiktok would be transformed into a new company headquartered in Texas. Oracle and partner Walmart would co-own 20% of the new company. Oracle would be designated a “trusted technology provider” to manage and store all of Tiktok’s user data.  It would have the authority to audit source codes of Tiktok and parent company Byte Dance.

In addition, four of the five board members of the new Tiktok would be Americans, with one being a data security expert appointee approved by the U.S. government and holding a top-secret U.S. security clearance.  A security committee whose members would be US citizens approved by the US government would be formed and chaired by the appointee.

Based on Chinese social media responses, this state affair was a big loss of not only face but business interests for China. Yet, from the jaws of defeat, Byte Dance was complimented for salvaging something out of nothing.

After initially giving his “blessings” to the deal, Trump backtracked just days later to demand that the core algorithms and AI behind Tiktok – designed, owned and controlled by Byte Dance – must be sold and handed over, too.

The fact that Tiktok is getting all this attention over data security is quite puzzling. Tiktok is a video sharing service for short, hip, fun videos popular among teens, hardly a target for international spying. An email, chatting, or cloud storage service would have represented far juicier targets for Chinese agents!

Furthermore, the U.S. currently does not have any federal-level data privacy law, let alone data security law. Authorities generally leave it to the “market place” and “competition” to keep companies in check. If the U.S. government is truly worried about the data security of American citizens, it should have gone after Facebook, Twitter, and Google and forced a change of ownership some time ago!

Some observers have suggested that the real reason for Trump’s attack on Tiktok is personal vengeance after K-pop fans on Tiktok allegedly sabotaged his first “post-Coronavirus” rally in Tulsa back in June. If so, this would be a major strategic blunder.

While the world’s Internet is currently dominated by American companies, strong political backlash against U.S. based Internet companies are already brewing across the globe, from Europe to India. If Trump manages to whip up nationalistic fervors around the world to carve up Internet companies on trumped-up “national security” charges, it will be mostly American companies that will be on the chopping blocks.

Side note – Lesson #2: you should negotiate with a solid understanding of the end goals – with good strategies. Merely appearing good “reality TV” fashion for political gain will net you little in the end. One can argue, the U.S. “wars on terror” and fights for “democracy” are such. They will hurt many … but they will not gain the U.S. much. Same here in the economic realm … as here with Tiktok.

Many Americans have falsely taken comfort in the thought that Trump’s actions constituted long overdue payback against Chinese government’s banning of U.S. Internet companies. In actuality, Trump’s actions are much more destructive than any policy enacted by the Chinese government.

Contrary to popular beliefs, China has always welcomed U.S. Internet companies to operate in China, provided they follow Chinese laws and respect government’s concerns over information that incite, misinform, defame, or that otherwise endanger national security. While some companies – such as Facebook, Google, and Twitter – have avoided China with much fanfare over “censorship” concerns, others – such as Microsoft and Apple – have done quite well after setting up Internet operations within China.

America has often made China into the world’s bogeyman over censorship. But China or not, there is no such thing as “freedom of speech.” Today American companies, including Google, censor on behalf of governments the world over on diverse issues such as privacy, blasphemy, defamation and hate speech to disinformation, copyright and national security. Just look to Twitter, Facebook, and Google’s “transparency report” for some shocking statistics.

Today, the Trump Administration is trying to make another bogeyman out of China over “data security.” But of course, the real question is whether the U.S. – and the world – can accept a second generation of globally spanning Internet companies that are not necessarily American.

Should only companies from certain nations be trusted?  Is corporate governance sufficient to regulate globally spanning multinational companies?  Or must we rely on some sort of forced nationalization?

Side note – if there is ever one topic I fundamentally and deeply disagree with the Saker about, it is on the notions of “freedom of speech.” For me, there is no such thing as “freedom of speech.” There are always limits and contingencies to speech, limits that depend on a society and its history, whether it be blasphemy, defamation, misinformation, disinformation, a violation of privacy or of copyright, hate speech, speech that incite, speech that spur violence, speech that undermines national security, and so on.

I find it fascinating that so many “liberal” free speech zealots have no qualms about the government making rules to ensure food and drug labeling are accurate yet … at least until very recently … these same folks are ok with disinformation and misinformation in the political arena.

In China, disinformation and misinformation has been recognized as a problem since the earliest days of the Internet. This is why China built its GFW. Let me give you an example.

Just earlier this week, there was an interesting story about Facebook and Twitter restricting the spread of a controversial New York Post article critical of Joe Biden and his son’s relationship to a Ukrainian company. Facebook restricted links to the article on grounds it couldn’t independently verify the story. Twitter restricted on the ground that they don’t publish “private” information or “hacked” information.

Would they be so gracious about restricting things when it comes to China?

I say, to the extent the West seems “freer” in the past, it’s only because of two things. One, in recent history, the West had been so much stronger than others. It was under so much less threat than others. There was just always so much less that constituted a threat to its social and national security. But this might be changing. Two, at least in modern history, the West has always monopolized the narrative regarding the social and political issues of our days. What is “censorship” by others is always anything but censorship when done in the West. There are always some righteous and obviously legitimate reasons to limit speech – whether it be defamation, privacy, hate speech, violence, blasphemy, national security, whatever. The issue of “freedom of speech” never even enter the analysis.

Here are a few recent examples.

Just two years ago, Zuckerberg cited Holocaust denial as an example of permissible free speech. However, just this past week, Mark Zuckerberg is saying that Facebook would ban content that “denies or distorts the Holocaust.”

Also consider this thing about Russia meddling in America. In the last few years, national security concerns have loomed large as many Americans became paranoid about Russia’s spending of a mere $100K could sway the 2016 elections. Social media companies are urged to do all sorts of things to limit “foreign influence.” Left undiscussed is what about the “foreign influence” this country perpetrates in other countries? Let’s not even go into the armed or political support – what of the voice of America, the national endowment for democracy – institutions that spew “foreign paid” misinformation and disinformation around the world?

Some Americans may reply: what of “foreign influence” if it helps to dig up the truth? Well, if that’s so, why do America care so much about “foreign influence” then? Also, why is there such focus on “foreign” interest but almost nothing on “domestic” special interests? To the extent some powers are “distorting” the “free marketplace of ideas,” aren’t “domestic” special interest just as dangerous to democracy as “foreign” interests?

In an explosive report by the Wall Street Journal, we have learned that it was Mark Zuckerberg who had been instilling in Washington “national security” concerns over Tiktok. Zuckerberg had privately lobbied Trump to do something about Tiktok. Coincidentally, Zuckerberg’s company Facebook owns a service called Reels that had thus far competed unsuccessfully with Tiktok and that would have the most to gain from continued uncertainties at Tiktok.

The specter of Larry Ellison – a personal friend and ardent supporter of President Trump – has also raised eyebrows. While Microsoft was the clear front runner to purchase Tiktok in early August, it was Oracle that ended up as the “surprise” victor in late September. According to a report by the Washington Post, Microsoft’s deal would have given the U.S. even more control over Tiktok’s data and in that sense addressed Trump’s concerns about “national security” even better.

Mixing private and public interests has always been an unfortunate hallmark of the U.S. government.

In targeting Tiktok, Trump has boasted that he expected political and financial paybacks for his attacks. On several occasions, Trump publicly demanded that whoever buys Tiktok pay a “finder’s fee” to the U.S. Treasury. After the Oracle deal was announced, Trump bragged that Tiktok had agreed to pay $5 billion to the Treasury and a special education fund to teach American children “the real history of our country.”

In an age when Americans have been on openly edge over foreign governments’ spending money on social media to influence elections, what should Americans think about their President soliciting billions from a “foreign adversary” to support his “pet barrel” projects?

It is really too bad that Trump’s rally cry of “America First” has turned into an ideology based on xenophobia. When Trump became president, I was fascinated by his tentative outreach to Russia and China … and his criticism of NATO and other aspects of the American “empire.” However, after four years, he has shown he is incapable of changing the course of this aspect of American history.

If the West wants to decouple with China, so be it. If the West wants to give up the Chinese market, so be it. In Trump’s view, the West had helped to “built up” China. In my view, to the extent the West “built up” China, China also “built up” much of today’s West.

America and Europe were in despair with high inflation, unemployment, and low productivity growth at the end of the 1970’s. China’s entrance into the global trade system ushered in a new period of continued prosperity in the West. China not only provided the West with steady and reliable supply of basic goods and services, it also built up a new prosperous middle class and opened up its huge market to the world. U.S. corporations reaped disproportionately huge profits – profits that are used to fund the R&D needed for further advances in chips, Internet, among others.

Whether Tiktok or Huawei survives the Trump Administration, the Chinese are no longer willing to indefinitely subsidize American R&D going forward. Efforts are afoot for Chinese companies to remove their dependence on critical American technologies – from electronic parts to chips to software to machinery – throughout their supply chain. They will demand this of themselves and of their partners in Europe and Japan and S. Korea and everyone around the world. A new ecosystem will soon arise that is intentionally stripped of critical “American” components and technology to better serve the Chinese market. This will be the lasting influence of Trump. China has no choice. China may suffer in the short term, but China is determined to win in the long term.


[note: a short, much abridged version of this article was initially published as a “commentary” on the South China Morning Post]

Allen Yu is an IP attorney in Silicon Valley, a founding blogger at blog.hiddenharmonies.org, as well as an adjunct fellow at the Chunqiu Institute for Development and Strategic Studies. He holds a J.D. from Harvard Law School and a D. Engr., M.S., and B.S. from UCLA Samueli School of Engineering.

Israeli Authorities to Demolish 13 Palestinians Houses in East Jerusalem

October 19, 2020

Israeli forces surround 3 houses in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Silwan, in preparation for demolition. (Photo: via Twitter)

The Israeli municipality in West Jerusalem has issued demolition notices against 13 inhabited Palestinian houses in Silwan, a neighborhood of occupied East Jerusalem, the Palestinian news agency WAFA reported today.

Fakhri Abu Diab, a member of the Silwan Defense Committee, told WAFA that the municipality ordered the demolition of the houses under the pretext they were built without a permit, noting that there are also unauthorized houses taken over and illegally inhabited by Israeli settlers in the same area but did not receive demolition orders.

Abu Diab said that the Palestinian houses were built over 10 years ago and are inhabited by 76 people, mostly children and women.

Israel considers Silwan as the City of David and is in a rush to turn it into an Israeli Jewish neighborhood after expelling its Palestinian residents.

According to Israeli rights group B’Tselem, the”destruction of the neighborhood denies its residents the right to housing, which is derived from the right to an adequate standard of living as it is defined in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

“In addition, the Fourth Geneva Convention prohibits the occupying state to destroy the property of residents of occupied territory, who benefit from the status of protected persons,” B’tselem added.

(Palestine Chronicle, WAFA, Social Media)

ترسيم الحدود: بين لبنان و«إسرائيل» محتمل بين أمراء الطوائف المتصارعين مستحيل

د. عصام نعمان

حاولت الولايات المتحدة، بضغط من «إسرائيل»، منذ سنة 2010 ترسيم الحدود بين المياه الإقليمية اللبنانية والمياه الإقليمية الفلسطينية الواقعة تحت احتلال العدو. أحد كبار ديبلوماسيّيها، فردريك هوف، عرض على الطرفين تقسيم المنطقة المتنازع عليها البالغة مساحتها 860 كيلومتراً مربعاً بتخصيص لبنان بـ 500 كيلومتر مربع منها على أن يكون الباقي لـِ «إسرائيل». لبنان رفض العرض الأميركي لأنّ المنطقة المتنازع عليها تقع برمّتها ضمن مياهه الإقليمية.

بعد عشر سنوات من الاتصالات والمساعي والضغوط والإعتداءات الإسرائيلية في البر والبحر، أمكن عقد اجتماع الأربعاء الماضي بين الطرفين لترسيم الحدود برعاية الأمم المتحدة وبوساطة الولايات المتحدة. ما كان الاجتماع ليُعقد لولا نجاح واشنطن في إقناع تل أبيب بتقديم تنازلات تتعلق بأسس للمفاوضات يصرّ عليها لبنان وتكفل حصرها بترسيم الحدود ولا تتعداه إلى أيّ بحث في تطبيع العلاقات أو مصالحة العدو.

يبدو أنّ المفاوضات غير المباشرة بين الطرفين ستتواصل ليس لحاجة دونالد ترامب إلى تسجيل انتصار يوظفه في حملته الانتخابية فحسب بل لحاجة «إسرائيل» أيضاً إلى إنهاء النزاع مع لبنان ومع المقاومة خاصةً التي تهدّد منشآتها النفطية البحرية وخططها لتوسيع التنقيب عن مكامن الغاز لتسويقه في أوروبا عبر أنبوب بحري سيجري تمديده بموجب اتفاق مع قبرص واليونان وإيطاليا.

إذ يبدو ترسيم الحدود بين لبنان و«إسرائيل» محتملاً، فإنّ ترسيم الحدود في لبنان بين مصالح أمراء الطوائف وصراعاتهم اللامتناهية يبدو مستحيلاً. فأزمة لبنان المزمنة تفجرت قبل سنة بانتفاضة 17 تشرين الأول/ اكتوبر الماضي ما أدّى إلى استقالة حكومة سعد الحريري. ثم تفاقمت الأزمة وتدحرجت الى انهيار مالي واقتصادي في مطالع العام الحالي.

حاول أركان المنظومة الحاكمة تدارك المزيد من المفاعيل المؤذية بتأليف حكومة من الاختصاصيين برئاسة حسان دياب، لكن الانفجار الكارثي في مرفأ بيروت جاء ليزيد الأزمة تعقيداً وحماوة. لماذا؟

لأنّ كلا من أمراء الطوائف المتصارعين على المصالح والمكاسب والنفوذ حاول أن يلقي مسؤولية الانفجار على الآخر في وقت تعاني البلاد الكثير من الأزمات الاقتصادية والاجتماعية، وتواجه تحديات واستحقاقات خطيرة وماثلة.

حدّةُ الصراعات وتداعياتها الخطيرة على مصالح فرنسا في الحوض الشرقي للبحر الأبيض المتوسط وعلى مستقبل الثقافة الفرنكوفونية في لبنان، حملت الرئيس الفرنسي إيمانويل ماكرون على زيارته مرتين في أقلّ من شهر لمحاولة التوفيق بين أمراء طوائفه المتصارعين. تدخلُ ماكرون أسفر عن تبنٍّ ظاهريّ من قبل رؤساء الكتل البرلمانية لمذكرته الإصلاحية المطلوب تنفيذها بواسطة حكومة اختصاصيين غير حزبيين. على هذا الأساس جرى التوافق، ظاهرياً مرة أخرى، على تكليف السفير مصطفى أديب تشكيل حكومة جديدة. أديب حاول بصمت ومثابرة تأليف «حكومة مهمة» للإصلاح والمحاسبة، لكن خلافات أمراء الطوائف حالت دون ذلك.

منذ اعتذار مصطفى أديب عن تشكيل الحكومة، والصراعات تحتدم بلا هوادة بين أمراء الطوائف، لا سيما بعدما أعلن سعد الحريري نفسه مرشحاً طبيعياً لتأليف حكومةٍ وفق الأسس نفسها (أيّ الفرنسية) التي كان اعتمدها أديب قبيل تكليفه رسمياً بتأليف الحكومة. الرئيس ميشال عون استبق احتمال نجاح الحريري بتأليف حكومة جديدة بتأجيل الاستشارات النيابية لمدة ثمانية أيام لحمله وحلفائه على مراعاة صهره، جبران باسيل، رئيس أكبر كتلة برلمانية (ومسيحية) تعارض تكليفه تشكيل الحكومة أو الاشتراك فيها.

لا بدّ من التوقف ملّياً أمام معارضة أكبر كتلتين برلمانيتين مسيحيتين (برئاسة كلٍّ من جبران باسيل وسمير جعجع) عن الاشتراك في حكومة يرأسها الحريري. ذلك انّ تداعيات انتفاضة 17 تشرين الأول من جهة وتفاقم مفاعيل الانهيار المالي والاقتصادي لا سيما بعد انفجار مرفأ بيروت الكارثي من جهة أخرى، بالإضافة الى هجمة التطبيع الأميركية في المنطقة وما رافقها من صراعات بين تركيا من جهة ومصر واليونان و«إسرائيل» من جهة أخرى على النفط والغاز في الحوض الشرقي للمتوسط، كلّ ذلك أدّى الى تأجيج التوترات والصراعات في مجمل منطقة غرب آسيا، لا سيما في لبنان.

من الصعب، إن لم يكن من المستحيل، ترسيم حدود مقبولة بين مصالح أمراء الطوائف وصراعاتهم في لبنان. انها صراعات «تاريخية» قديمة ومتجدّدة بفعل تدخلات دول كبرى وأخرى إقليمية تجد دائماً بين معظم هؤلاء الأمراء مَن يستدعيها ويتقبّلها وينخرط فيها.

الى ذلك، يمكن رصد هجومٍ صهيوأميركي يستهدف منطقة غرب آسيا برمتها من شواطئ البحر المتوسط غرباً الى شواطئ بحر قزوين شرقاً. هذا الهجوم المتصاعد له دوافع متعددة أبرزها ثلاثة:

أولاها، اضطرار الولايات المتحدة الى الانسحاب تدريجياً من بلدان غرب آسيا تحت وطأة مقاومات شعبية من جهة، ومن جهة أخرى بفعل عوامل سياسية واقتصادية داخلية في أميركا تدفعها الى وضع ترتيبات سياسية وعسكرية لحماية مصالحها ومصالح حلفائها الإقليميين قبل الانسحاب من المنطقة.

ثانيها، التقاء مصالح أميركا مع مصالح «إسرائيل» على تفكيك دول محيطها العربي، سورية ولبنان والعراق والأردن، الى دويلات او جمهوريات موز قميئة على أساس قَبَلي أو طائفي أو اثني لتبقى عاجزة عن التوحّد وعن تشكيل تهديد أمني للكيان الصهيوني او لمصالح دول الغرب الأطلسي في المنطقة.

ثالثها، حماية مصالح أميركا وفرنسا و«إسرائيل» الغازية والنفطية في شرق المتوسط من شواطئ ليبيا الى شواطئ لبنان وسورية، ومن شرق الفرات في سورية الى منطقتي الأهوار والبصرة في جنوب العراق. لهذا الغرض، نشرت أميركا قوات لها في منطقة التنف جنوب شرق سورية وفي منطقة شرق الفرات لقطع معابر الانتقال والنقل بين سورية والعراق. كما قامت أميركا بتشجيع جماعة من الكرد السوريين (منظمة «قسد» تحديداً) على إقامة منطقة حكم ذاتي في شرق الفرات معادية للحكومة المركزية في دمشق، كما على المباشرة في استثمار آبار النفط في المنطقة بالتعاون مع شركات أميركية.

هذه الواقعات والتطورات لم تغب عن أذهان الأحزاب والتنظيمات السياسية الانعزالية اللبنانية التي وجدت فيها ما يساعدها على تحقيق رؤيتها لمستقبل لبنان في غمرة الهجوم الصهيوأميركي الذي يستهدف المنطقة برمّتها. فليس غريباً، والحالة هذه، أن تلجأ هذه التنظيمات الانعزالية الى تأجيج الصراعات الطائفية والسياسية الناشطة في هذه الآونة بقصد الإفادة من تداعيات الصراعات الإقليمية عموماً، وتداعيات الهجوم الصهيوأميركي على سورية خصوصاً لخدمة أغراضها السياسية في الحاضر والمستقبل.

بإختصار، ترسيم الحدود بين لبنان و«إسرائيل» أمر محتمل في المستقبل المنظور. لكن لا سبيل، على ما يبدو، الى ترسيم الحدود بين أمراء الطوائف المتصارعين بضراوة على الصدارة والمصالح والنفوذ.

نائب ووزير سابق

اكتمال صفقة تبادل الأسرى: نحو جولة تفاوض جديدة

آباء يكسرون بروتوكولات استقبال الأسرى في مطار صنعاء ويخالفون النظام… شاهد لماذا؟

رشيد الحداد

السبت 17 تشرين الأول 2020

اكتمال صفقة تبادل الأسرى: نحو جولة تفاوض جديدة
يجري مكتب غريفيث ترتيبات لعقد هذه الجولة قبل انتهاء العام الجاري (أ ف ب )

مع اكتمال تنفيذ صفقة تبادل الأسرى المتّفق عليها في مونترو السويسرية، تتّجه الأنظار إلى جولة تفاوض جديدة سرعان ما بدأ التحضير لها، في ظلّ توقعات بأن تشمل عدداً أكبر من الأسرى، بمَن فيهم القيادات الموالية لعبد ربه هادي، والتي لم يفرَج عنها في المرحلة الأولى

استقبلت العاصمة اليمنية صنعاء، أمس، 200 أسير نُقلوا إليها على متن طائرتين تابعتين لـ«اللجنة الدولية للصليب الأحمر»، ليصل عدد الأسرى المُفرَج عنهم إلى 671، 70% منهم من أسرى الجيش واللجان الشعبية و30% منهم مختطفون ومعتقلون من قِبَل قوى العدوان ولا علاقة لهم بملفّ أسرى الحرب. وفي المقابل، أفرجت حكومة صنعاء، في المجمل، عن 352 أسيراً من القوات الموالية للرئيس المنتهية ولايته عبد ربه منصور هادي، والميليشيات الموالية للإمارات في الساحل الغربي، وميليشيات «حزب الإصلاح» (إخوان) في محافظة مأرب، لتكتمل بذلك صفقة تبادل الأسرى المتّفق عليها في مشاورات مونترو السويسرية أواخر الشهر الماضي، بنجاح.

نحاح هذه الصفقة ربّما يقود إلى مفاوضات جديدة حول ملف الأسرى برعاية أممية. وفي هذا الإطار، جدّدت صنعاء استعدادها الكامل للمضيّ في تنفيذ «اتفاق استوكهولم» المُوقّع في 13 كانون الأول/ ديسمبر 2018، والذي يشمل الإفراج عن 16 ألف أسير من الطرفين، مُكرّرة دعوتها الأطراف المرتبطة بتحالف العدوان إلى التعامل مع هذا الملفّ تعاملاً إنسانياً بعيداً من التسييس. وعلى رغم إبلاغ «لجنة شؤون الأسرى»، مكتب المبعوث الأممي إلى اليمن مارتن غريفيث، استعدادها لعقد مفاوضات جديدة، إلا أن رئيس اللجنة، عبد القادر المرتضى، أكد، في تصريح صحافي أمس، أنه «حتى الآن لا توجد أيّ صفقة جديدة»، لكنه توقع «توسيع نطاق» الصفقة الأخيرة، لافتاً إلى أن «الأمم المتحدة ستُحدّد مكان الاجتماع المقبل وزمانه». وأمِل في «أن تتكلّل المساعي الجديدة بالنجاح، وأن تكون الصفقة المقبلة أكبر»، مبدياً «استعدادنا لتقديم كشوفات تتضمّن أسماء جميع الأسرى والمعتقلين، على أن يقوم كلّ طرف باختيار مَن يريد إخراجهم».

في المقابل، أفادت مصادر مقرّبة من حكومة هادي، «الأخبار»، بأن «لجنة شؤون الأسرى» التابعة لتلك الحكومة تلقّت اتصالات مكثّفة من مكتب المبعوث الأممي، تصبّ في مصلحة عقد جولة جديدة من المفاوضات، مشيرة إلى أن «هناك ترتيبات يجريها مكتب غريفيث لعقد هذه الجولة قبل انتهاء العام الجاري» ، على أن «تشمل التفاوض حول الإفراج عن شقيق هادي اللواء ناصر منصور، وقائد المنطقة العسكرية الثالثة الموالية له اللواء فيصل رجب، والقيادي في حزب الإصلاح محمد قحطان، والذين لم تشملهم المرحلة الأولى من الاتفاق، والتي انتهت أمس الجمعة». من جهتها، أكدت «اللجنة الدولية للصليب الأحمر»، في تغريدة على «تويتر»، إطلاق سراح 1056 أسيراً من الطرفين، نُقلوا عبر خمس طائرات تابعة لها، بالتعاون مع «الهلال الأحمر اليمني» و«الهلال الأحمر السعودي»، مُعبّرة عن «أملها في أن يكون هذا النجاح خطوة أولى… نحو إطلاق سراح المزيد من الأسرى».

تعرّض أسرى الجيش واللجان لتعذيب وحشي في السجون السعودية وتلك التابعة لـ«التحالف»


وكان الأسرى المفرَج عنهم (من طرف القوى التابعة للتحالف) أمس، وعددهم 200 (مقابل 150 أطلقتهم صنعاء)، قابعين في معتقلات ميليشيات موالية للإمارات في الساحل الغربي وفي محافظتَي لحج وعدن، وقد تعرّضوا هناك لأصناف متعدّدة ووحشية من التعذيب النفسي والجسدي، وفق شهاداتهم أثناء وصولهم إلى مطار صنعاء الدولي. وبالمثل، تحدث مدير مكتب رئاسة الجمهورية في صنعاء، أحمد حامد، عن تعرّض أسرى الجيش واللجان الشعبية لضغوط نفسية وتضليل في ما يتعلّق بالأخبار الميدانية والمستجدات. وأشار، في كلمة عقب وصول الدفعة الأخيرة أمس إلى مطار صنعاء، إلى أن «قوى العدوان أصرّت على إخراج أسرى لدينا لا صلة لهم بمعايير الصفقة، لكننا قبلنا بذلك حرصاً على إنجاح التبادل»، واعداً بـ«بذل كل المساعي لإنهاء هذا الملف الإنساني الصرف». وأعلن حامد «تكريم كلّ الأسرى المُفرَج عنهم، من دون استثناء، ومنحهم رعاية خاصة، وصرف مكافآت مالية لكلّ منهم، وتزويج غير المتزوّجين بعرس جماعي، وتبنّي معالجة المرضى والمصابين».

مظاهر التعذيب الذي تعرّض له أسرى الجيش واللجان كانت لافتة أثناء وصول عدد منهم محمولين على الأكتاف، وآخرين معوّقين إعاقة كاملة جرّاء التعذيب في سجون السعودية، وتحديداً في سجن خميس مشيط. يضاف إلى ذلك أن سبعة من الأسرى الذين شملتهم صفقة التبادل عادوا جثامين، بعدما فارقوا الحياة من جرّاء التعذيب في السجون السعودية، وفقاً للطبيب الشرعي. كما عاد عدد من الأسرى المفرَج عنهم من سجون «الإصلاح» في مأرب مقعَدين، أو مصابين بالفشل الكلوي. ومن المتوقع أن تُصدر «لجنة شؤون الأسرى» في صنعاء، بعد اكتمال الإجراءات الطبية، بياناً تُفنّد فيه أصناف التعذيب الذي تعرّض له الأسرى المفرَج عنهم.

تركيا «وحيدةً» في حرب قره باغ

الأخبار

السبت 17 تشرين الأول 2020

تركيا «وحيدةً» في حرب قره باغ

توازياً مع استمرار المعارك بين أرمينيا وأذربيجان، بعد فشل الهدنة في وضع حدٍّ للاقتتال الدائر حول إقليم ناغورنو قره باغ الانفصالي، تبدو تركيا ميّالة إلى التصعيد ضدّ روسيا. وإن كانت الأخيرة لا تزال، منذ انطلاق جولة الاقتتال هذه، تحافظ على مسافة أمان مِن طرفَي الأزمة، فهيَ دشّنت، يوم أمس، مناورات عسكرية في بحر قزوين شمال باكو، تصرّ على أنها ليست موجّهة ضدّ أيّ طرفمنذ انطلاق جولة الاقتتال الأخيرة بين أرمينيا وأذربيجان في السابع والعشرين من الشهر الماضي، سعّرت أنقرة، باصطفافها إلى جانب باكو، الحرب الدائرة بين الجارتَين للسيطرة على إقليم ناغورنو قره باغ، في ظلّ مواقف دولية جديدة بدأت تتكشّف، وتشير إلى تصعيد تركي – روسي متضادّ، لاقته الولايات المتحدة على الطرف الآخر، حين انتقدت دور حليفتها الأطلسية في هذا الصراع، آملةً أن تتمكّن أرمينيا من «الدفاع عن نفسها» في وجه جارتها الأذربيجانية.

ومع استمرار المعارك بين القوات الأرمينية والأذربيجانية، بعد أسبوع مِن توقيع وزيرَي خارجية البلدين اتفاق هدنة برعايةٍ روسية، عَدّته الأخيرة مقدّمة لإطلاق محادثات «سلام» ترغب تركيا في أن تمثِّل «حلّاً نهائياً» لهذا الملفّ المتفجّر. غير أن المصالح المتضاربة حالت دون تطبيق بند وقف إطلاق النار، ما دفع روسيا إلى بدء تدريبات عسكرية في بحر قزوين، تصرّ على أنها ليست موجّهة ضدّ أيٍّ من دول الجوار. وتَجري المناورات العسكرية شمال شبه جزيرة أبشرون الأذربيجانية حيث تقع باكو، وتشمل إطلاق صواريخ ونيران مدفعية، ومشاركة ستّ سفن وسبع طائرات وأكثر من 400 جندي، بحسب بيان لوزارة الدفاع الروسية، أكد أن «الأنشطة… لا تشكل أيّ تهديد ولا تفرض قيوداً على الأنشطة الاقتصادية للدول المطلّة على قزوين».

إعلانٌ ما لبث أن ردّ عليه الرئيس التركي، رجب طيب إردوغان، إذ سعى إلى شرح موقفه «المبدئي» من الصراع حول قره باغ، بالقول إن بلاده لم ولن تعترف بضمّ روسيا غير المشروع لشبه جزيرة القرم الأوكرانية إلى أراضيها، مؤكداً في مؤتمر صحافي مشترك عقده، أمس، مع نظيره الأوكراني فولوديمير زيلينسكي، في إسطنبول، أن بلاده تعتبر أوكرانيا دولة محوريّة لضمان الاستقرار والأمن والسلام والازدهار في المنطقة. كذلك، أكد إردوغان أن أنقرة ستواصل دعم سيادة أوكرانيا ووحدة أراضيها، بما فيها القرم.

يبدو أن واشنطن بدأت تصطفّ بوضوح إلى جانب يريفان


في هذا الوقت، يبدو أن واشنطن التي شدّدت، منذ انطلاق المعارك، على ضرورة إيجاد «حلّ دبلوماسي» يجنّب أرمينيا وأذربيجان حرباً طاحنة، بدأت تصطفّ إلى جانب يريفان. ذلك ما بيّنته تصريحات وزير الخارجية الأميركي، مايك بومبيو، الذي أعرب عن أمله في أن تتمكّن أرمينيا من «الدفاع عن نفسها» في وجه أذربيجان، في ما بدا أنه مساندة لأحد قطبَي النزاع الدائر في منطقة ناغورنو قره باغ. وقال بومبيو في حديث إلى إذاعة محلية في ولاية جورجيا الأميركية: «نأمل أن يتمكّن الأرمينيّون من أن يدافعوا عن أنفسهم في وجه ما يقوم به الأذربيجانيون»، مجدّداً الدعوة إلى احترام وقف إطلاق النار و«المباحثات السلمية» لوضع حدّ للصراع. تصريحاتٌ جاءت بعدما أعرب الدبلوماسي الأميركي عن أسفه إزاء شروع تركيا في «دعم أذربيجان»، ودعا الأفرقاء الدوليين إلى عدم التدخل في المنطقة وتجنّب «تأجيج الاضطرابات» في «برميل بارود». وهو ما تساوق أيضاً مع إعلان وزارة الخارجية الأميركية أن الولايات المتحدة عبّرت لمستويات رفيعة في الحكومة التركية عن عدم قبولها حيازة أنقرة أنظمة أسلحة روسية مثل «إس-400»، وحذّرت من «عواقب وخيمة محتملة» لعلاقتها الأمنية مع تركيا في حال إقدامها على تفعيل النظام المذكور. وقالت الناطقة باسم الوزارة، مورغان أورتاغوس، في بيان: «إذا تأكَّد ذلك… سندين بأشدّ العبارات اختبار إطلاق صاروخ من منظومة إس-400 باعتباره لا يتّسق مع مسؤوليات تركيا كعضو في حلف شمال الأطلسي وكشريك استراتيجي للولايات المتحدة».

ضابط الشاباك «إيلان»: يحيى عياش كشف غباءنا

كانت لديه قدرة كبيرة على النجاح.. وكاريزما غير عاديّة وهو قائد بالولادة

نشر موقع صحيفة معاريف الصهيونية، أمس، مقابلة كان أعدّها سابقًا مع يتسحاق إيلان نائب رئيس جهاز «الشاباك» الأسبق الذي أعلن عن وفاته أمس بفيروس كورونا.

وتحدّث إيلان والذي قاد الشاباك خلال الانتفاضة الأولى كمحقق في رام الله، وخلال عملية «السور الواقي» مسؤولًا عنه بالضفة الغربية، إلى جانب مسؤوليته عن التحقيق مع الأسرى، حول عمليات اغتيال واعتقال كبار المقاومين.

وأشار الموقع إلى أنه كان مسؤولًا عن إحباط العمليات «الاستشهادية» لعناصر من المقاومة.

وبحسب الموقع، فإن إيلان من أصول جورجية، وكان على علاقة ممتازة برئيس وزراء الكيان الأسبق أرئيل شارون، ويتقن 5 لغات، ويوصف بأنه أكثر شخصية صهيونية درست «حقيقة العرب»، وعمل 9 سنوات في الانتفاضة الأولى محققًا في رام الله، وأنه كان مسؤولًا عن جلب معلومات حول القيادي في القسام محمود أبو الهنود الذي اغتيل لاحقًا.

وقال إيلان إنه كانت له ذكريات سيئة مثل هجوم دولفينايوم الذي نفذه الاستشهادي سعيد الحوتري من كتائب القسام، قائلًا «لن أنسى ذلك السبت الرهيب، كنا نعرف السائق الذي أوصل الحوتري لكن بأوامر من شارون لم نستطع قتله لأنه كان في مناطق (أ) التابعة للسلطة ولا يريد الإضرار بالاتفاقيات، لكن بعد هجوم فندق بارك الذي نفذه عبد الباسط عودة صدر القرار باحتلال الضفة من جديد»، بحسب زعمه.

وزعم أنه كان يعرف أن عودة سينفذ هجومًا وأنه اتصل بوالده لتحذيره، لكن لم يتم منع الهجوم بسبب تخفي عودة الذي كان سيفجر نفسه في فندق في منطقة هرتسيليا لكن تم منعه من الدخول، فوصل إلى فندق بارك الذي كان يعمل فيه، وفجر نفسه هناك وقتل نحو 30 مستوطناً.

وأشار إلى أن عملية اعتقال عباس السيد القيادي في القسام الذي كان مسؤولًا عن عملية فندق بارك، كانت معقدة في بداياتها لأن كان التركيز منع قتله، لأنه يحمل الجنسية الأميركية ولأن شارون لم يكن يريد خلافات في هذا الوقت مع الإدارة الأميركية، لذلك تم التخطيط بعناية كبيرة حتى يتم اعتقاله من دون قتله، وكانت هناك ملفات واضحة تدينه بالعملية، مشيرًا إلى أن الشاباك رفض بشدة إطلاق سراحه خلال صفقة تبادل الأسرى مع حماس «شاليط».

وكشف إيلان أنه كان جزءًاً مهمًا من عملية اغتيال يحيى عياش قائد القسام عام 1995، وكان حينها مسؤولًا في جهاز الشاباك في منطقة قطاع غزة.

وقال عن عياش «كان لديه قدرة كبيرة على النجاح.. لديه كاريزما غير عادية.. زعيم بالولادة.. حذر للغاية.. كانت تمر ليلتان لا ينام فيهما..».

وردًا على سؤال حول كيفية وصول عياش لغزة، قال «كان بغباء منا، كنا نفتش من يخرج من غزة وليس من يدخل إليها، لم نعتقد أبدًا أنه كان سيدخل للقطاع أو يجرؤ أحد على فعل ذلك».

وحول عملية اغتياله، قال إيلان «قتلناه بعد أن حصلنا على صورة في منزل والديه لأشخاص في الجامعة وحللنا من هؤلاء الشخصيات حتى وصلنا لمعلومات متتالية سواء عبر زوجته التي وصلت لغزة لاحقًا، وكانت البداية الفعلية بعد أن رصدنا مكالمة لشخص اتصل به عياش في الضفة، لكن لم يكن هذا ناشطًا في حماس أو من عائلة تنتمي إليها، وطلب عياش منه أن يشتري هاتفًا له، ونحن دبرنا طريقة ليشتري الهاتف الذي نريد وأتت من هنا بالصدفة فكرة وضع متفجرات في الهاتف بعد أن حولنا هذا الشخص إلى وكيل أحمق بدون أن يشعر.. وجعلناه يشتري الهاتف المخصص للعملية واتصل به عياش مرة أخرى للتأكد من أنه اشترى الهاتف، وأكد له ذلك وتبقى فقط نقله لغزة.. وسخرنا مصدرنا الخاص (العميل) الذي أوصل الهاتف لغزة وأوصل الهاتف لعياش ثم قتلناه».

وأطلق على عملية تهريب الهاتف ووصوله لغزة باسم «طبيب أمراض النساء» وكان لمدار أسبوع كامل تتم متابعة العملية لمعرفة مصير الهاتف وهل سيصل بنجاح، حتى وصل ونفذت المهمة، حيث اتصل بوالده ثم انفجر الهاتف وبات مضرجًا بدمائه.

وقال «كانت هذه إحدى العمليات الأكثر روعة، والروس سمعوا عنها وقلّدوها، وقتلوا زعيم الثورة الشيشانية بطريقة مماثلة».

ووفقًا للموقع فإنه كان مسؤولاً عن اغتيال رائد الكرمي قائد كتائب الأقصى في الضفة الغربية، وقيل حينها إن عملية اغتياله كانت سببًا في تفجّر الانتفاضة وتنفيذ سلسلة عمليات «استشهادية» وغيرها، وهو ما رفضه إيلان وأكد أن اغتياله كان ضرورة ملحّة خلال المقابلة ذاته.

وقال إيلان «إن الكرمي رفض عرضًا أوروبيًا لوقف الهجمات بعد أن نقلت فتح العرض له لدراسته»، مشيرًا إلى أن شارون شخصيًا كان مهتمًا باغتياله.

وأضاف «شارون كان يوميًا يتصل بديختر (آفي ديختر رئيس الشاباك حينها)، ويسأله لماذا الكرمي على قيد الحياة حتى الآن، اقتلوه فورًا».

وادعى إيلان أن الكرمي كان يخطط لهجوم كبير في نتانيا واغتياله منع الهجوم، مشيرًا إلى أنه نجا من عمليتي اغتيال سابقة ونجحت الثالثة.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (08– 14 October 2020)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (08– 14 October 2020)

08– 14 October 2020

  • 18 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children, wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank;
  • 10 wounded in IOF incursion into Am’ari camp; 2 wounded near the annexation wall in Jenin; 4 in Kafr Qaddum village in Qalqilya; and 2 others in Rafat village in occupied East Jerusalem.
  • 4 shootings reported at agricultural lands and 5 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip;
  • In 127 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 106 civilians arrested, including 12 children and 2 women;
  • 3 agricultural vehicles and a truck confiscated; a demolition notice served to a house; and lands seized in the West Bank;
  • Israeli settlers attack Palestinians’ houses in Nablus and cut 360 trees in Salfit and Bethlehem;
  • IOF established 62 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 6 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints.

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multilayered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks rendered 18 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force, including 2 children, in the West Bank. Settler-attacks and confiscation of Palestinians’ properties continued, under the pretext of working without permits.

To date, Maher al-Akhras‘, 50-year-old administrative detainee, hunger strike enters its 81st consecutive day, in protest of his arrest with no charge or trial under administrative detention despite the deterioration of his health condition. Al-Akhras went into a hunger strike from the first day of his detention on 27 July 2020. 

This week, PCHR documented 220 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 18 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children, were wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank; 10 were wounded in IOF incursion into Am’ari camp; 2 wounded near the annexation wall in Jenin; 4 wounded in IOF suppression of a peaceful protest in Kafr Qaddum village in Qalqilya; and 2 others in Rafat village in occupied East Jerusalem. Also, sporadic shooting incidents were reported during IOF incursions into the West Bank. Furthermore, passengers escaped after their car sustained live bullets fired by IOF while passing through a military checkpoint in Jenin.

In the Gaza Strip, 4 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and 5 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 127 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 106 Palestinians were arrested, including 12 children and 2 women.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 7 violations, including:

  • Jericho: an agricultural tractor and a water tank confiscated;
  • Tubas: a bulldozer confiscated;
  • Bethlehem: a demolition notice distributed to a house; lands in ‘Arab al-Ta’amrah village seized after amending their boundaries; and cease-construction notices distributed to 4 agricultural rooms;
  • Ramallah: a semi-trailer truck confiscated;
  • Salfit: a bulldozer confiscated.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 4 attacks: throwing stones 2 times at Palestinians’ houses in Burin village in Nablus; stealing olive crop and breaking the twigs of 60 olive trees in Salfit; and cutting 300 olive trees in Bethlehem.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  • Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity
  • At approximately 05:40 on Thursday, 08 October 2020, IOF stationed at Mafi Dutan temporary military checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, opened fire at a Palestinian vehicle belonging to Alaa’ Jamal Mahmoud Atatera (40). Alaa’s brother, Baha’ (36) was driving and heading to their work in Baqa al-Sharqiya, southwest of Jenin, along with Alaa’, and their brothers Mohammed (24), Ameen (38), their nephew and Alaa’s son in law, Waleed Jamal Abd Rabbo (20), all from Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin except Waleed, from Qusin, west of Nablus. As a result, the vehicle was shot with 5 live bullets that penetrated the car’s back. Alaa’ al-Atatera said to PCHR’s fieldworker that the Israeli soldiers opened fire at them after passing 10 meters away from the checkpoint and without any justification.
  • At approximately 18:30, IOF stationed along the border fence with Israel, west of al-Shawka village in eastern Rafah, near Sofa military site, opened fire at agricultural lands, and no injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened heavy fire at them and fired a number of flare bombs in the sky,causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:25 on Friday, 09 October 2020, IOF stationed in the annexation wall near al-Jalama village, northeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank, opened a barrage of sound bombs and tear gas canisters at a number of Palestinians while passing through a hole in the annexation wall to work inside Israel. As a result, a 44-year-old civilian from the abovementioned village sustained shrapnel wounds in his hand, and he was taken to Dr. Suliman Governmental Hospital in Jenin for treatment.
  • At approximately 21:10, IOF stationed along the border fence with Israel, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a, and no injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00, the residents of Beit Dajn village, northeast of Nablus, along with the representatives of the National Action Factions in Nablus organized a peaceful protest, which started from Beit Dajn village towards lands threatened to be confiscated on the eastern side of the village, where a caravan was placed by settlers two days ago. The protestors raised the Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against IOF, settlers, annexation and the Deal of the Century. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of the Israeli soldiers are waiting for them. IOF suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established on Kafr Qaddum village lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men gathered in the area, and clashes erupted between them. During which, IOF fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, two civilians were shot in their waist and back and two others in their lower limbs.
  • At approximately 00:00 on Saturday, 10 October 2020, IOF moved into Issawiya village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF established checkpoints at the entrances of the village, stopped and searched the Palestinian vehicles and checked their ID cards before allowing them to pass through the checkpoint. A group of young men gathered at the entrance to Obaid neighborhood, and threw stones and cocktail Molotov at the Israeli soldiers, who indiscriminately responded with rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters. The clashes continued for 2 hours. As a result, dozens of Palestinian civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation. In addition, Hisham Mohammed al-Bashiti (19) and Malek Jawdat Abu Sneina (23) were arrested.
  • At approximately 06:30, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened fire at them until approximately 09:50, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF suppressed a festival for Fatah Movement, where hundreds of Rafat village residents participated. IOF fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters at the participants, claiming that they threw stones at them. As a result, 2 civilians were shot and injured with rubber bullets and 13 others, , including children and elderlies, suffocated due to teargas inhalation. The wounded civilians were taken to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah to receive treatment. Saad al-Yaqin, leader in Fatah Movement, said that IOF suppressed the festival that organized by Fatah Movement in Rafat village in solidarity with the prisoners in the Israeli prisons, and to condemn the normalization between some Arab countries and Israel. He added that, IOF fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters at more than 2 thousand civilians who responded with throwing stones. The clashes continued for an hour, where the Israeli soldiers used the rubber bullets and live bullets.
  • At approximately 22:00, Israeli infantry units moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed in the center of the city. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who indiscriminately responded with sound bombs and teargas canisters. As a result, dozens of Palestinian civilians suffered teargas inhalation, no arrests or incursions were reported.
  • At approximately 06:00 on Sunday, 11 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened fire at them and fired a number of flare bombs in the sky, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF infantry unit moved into al-Am’ari refugee camp, southeast of Ramallah. They surrounded Ayman Ahmed Abu Arab’s (48) house to arrest him, but he was not in the house. IOF topped some houses’ roofs. Few minutes later, several military vehicles moved into the camp. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters. The clashes continued for 3 hours. As a result, 10 Palestinian civilians, including two children, were shot with live bullets; one of them was shot with 3 lives bullets in his abdomen while the rest were shot in their lower limbs.  All of them were taken to Palestine Medical Complex, where their injures were described between moderate and minor. Also, dozens of them suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot. Before the withdrawal, IOF arrested Ayman’s brothers, Mohammed (40), Rajab (38) and his wife, Sana’ (43), in an attempt to force Ayman to surrender himself.
  • At approximately 19:50 on Monday, 12 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased and shoot at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, firing a number of flare bombs in the sky, causing fear and panic among the fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:11 on Tuesday, 13 October 2020, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They were deployed between civilians’ houses and established checkpoints at the village’s entrances and closed the village. IOF searched the vehicles and ID cards of Palestinians before allowing them to leave. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered at the entrance of Obaid village, north of the village, and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers and their vehicles. As a result, a military SUV set ablaze. After that,  a large Israeli  force moved into the neighborhood, fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at the Palestinian civilians. The clashes continued until the down hours. As a result, dozens of civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation, and 7 civilians were arrested including 3 children. The arrestees are: Mohammed Ramzi Muhaisen (16), Mahmoud Shadi Naser (15), Obey Mahmoud Dirbas (16), Naseem Amjad Muhaisen (21), Mohammed Younis Abu Sayma (21), Saleh Bader Abu Asab (19), and Abdulfattah Younis Abu Sayma (19).
  • At approximately 08:20 on Wednesday, 14 October 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence with Israel, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a, and al-Fukhari villages, and no injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF stationed at the annexation wall in the northern side of al-Jalama village, northeast of Jenin, fired a sound bomb at 27-year-old Palestinian civilian while passing through a hole in the annexation wall to work inside Israel. As a result, he sustained shrapnel wounds in his legs, and he was taken to Dr. Suliman Governmental Hospital in Jenin for treatment.
  • At approximately 16:55, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles and sporadically opened fire around them, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 18:00, Israeli infantry units stormed al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron and stationed near the UNRWA distribution center. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who chased the stone-throwers and responded with sound bombs and teargas canisters. As a result, dozens of Palestinian civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation, and no arrests or incursions were reported.

I. Arrests and Incursions

Thursday, 08 October 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ali Mohammed Obaid’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Tabaqa village, south of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Ayman Mousa Abu Atwan’s (55) house, detained all the family in one room and threatened them to storm their house again if they do not surrender their son, Ghadanfar (24) to the Intelligence Services’ investigation centers in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem. No arrests were reported.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Yatta village, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Husam Tayseer Rab’i’s (39) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Towr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians: Khalil Kamal Abu al-Hawa (18), Mohammed Adel Abu al-Hawa (19), Dawoud Mousa Abu al-Hawa (22), and Mostafa Mohammed Abu Risha (19).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Kafr Qalil village, southeast of Nablus. Thy raided and searched Odwan Waleed Amer’s (25) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Amer is an employee in the national security.
  • At approximately 04:25, IOF moved into Qalqiliya. They raided and searched Saleh Fayez Nazzal’s (36) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF arrested Khalil al-Tarhouni (35) and Arafat Najeeb (33), and took them to al-Qishla investigation center. Both are guards at al-Aqsa Mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. After several hours, IOF released them on bail of 500 NIS, claiming that al-Tarhouni was not wearing his mask; and Najeeb assaulted one of the Israeli soldiers.
  • IOF carried out (12) incursions in Deir Nizam, northwest of Ramallah; al-Jalama, north of Jenin; Tamoun, southeast of Tubas; Ourif, Sebastiya, and Beit Dajn villages in Nablus governorate; Kafl Hares, north of Salfit; Qalqiliya, Bani Na’im, al-Hadab, Beit Omra, and al-Sura villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 09 October 2020:

  •  At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Zabuba village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Osama Hisham Husain Atatera (20).
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Yatta village, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Rasmi Shafiq al-Qaisiya’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed in the center of the camp. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians including 2 children. The arrestees were identified as Ahmed Naser al-Badawi (17), Mahmoud Yousif Madi (17), Hamza Amjad al-Titi (18), and Ibrahim Yousif Jawabera (18).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Allan Hamdan’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Kafr Ni’ma village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Odai Mohammed Ataya (18), and Yaza Riyad Ishtaya (20), taking them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus. They raided and searched Abdullah Khaled al-Silwadi’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:40, IOF moved into al-Masaken al-Sha’bia neighborhood, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Abdullah Abdulrahman Fawzi Bushkar’s (16) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:40, IOF moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians identified as Mohammed Abdullah Staiti (20), Mohammed Ramzi Howail (19), and Mohammed Monther Ja’aisa (20).
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Hizma village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mostafa Mohammed al-Khateeb’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF who were patrolling in Sahl al-Boqi’a village, east of Tubas, arrested ‘Ahed Abdul Hakim Daraghma (20), and Mo’tasem Ahmed Daraghma (18), both are from the abovementioned village. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at the Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Mohammed Mershed Rajoub (52), from Jericho, while passing through the checkpoint heading to Hebron. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (11) incursions in al-Jalama, northeast of Jenin; Fsayil, northeast of Jericho; Qariut, Sebastya, Beit Dajn, and Burin villages in Nablus governorate; al-Ouja, northwest of Jericho; Dura and Beit al-Rush, in Hebron governorate; Far’oun and Kafr al-Lobad villages, north of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 10 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Dura city, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in several neighborhoods. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested Amjad Mousa al-Namoura (28), Ra’fat Taleb Abu Seba’ (27), Ghadanfar Ayman Abu ‘Atwan (23), and Mohammed Murshed al-Rojob (29).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Ula village, west of Hebron, and stationed in the village’s western area. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Hani Ahmed Mohammed Saraheen (33), Mahmoud Ahmed Mohammed Saraheen (38), Ahmed ‘Adel Ahmed Saraheen (29), and Husain ‘Adel Ahmed Saraheen (34).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron, and stationed near UNRWA schools. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Fawzi Hamed al-Wawi (19) and Seraj Ishaq Abu Hashash (21).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hebron’s southern area, where they raided and searched 2 houses and arrested Ya’qoub Hamdi Abu Hadeed (30) and Bassam Hamed Zaghir (23).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Thawri neighborhood, south of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Salah al-Deen Jamal Abu ‘Asab’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 09:30, IOF moved into Khelet Nejarah area in Deir Istiya village, north of Salfit, and arrested ‘Amer ‘Abed al-Hameed Abu Hajlah (54) while harvesting olive trees, under the pretext of working near “Yakir” settlement. IOF also detained a number of international solidarity activists, who were accompanying him while harvesting the olives.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed at Qalandia military checkpoint arrested Laith Saleem al-Shalabi (19) while passing the checkpoint and took him to an unknown destination.

Sunday, 11 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched ‘Emad Jum’a al-Selwadi’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya, arrested Kamal Fawzi al-Habash (40), from Qalqilya, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 17:00, Israeli police arrested Sufian al-Rajbi after severely beating him while he was near al-Ghawanma Gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into Rafat, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Fadi ‘Ali Abu Hassan’s (14) house and arrested him.   

IOF carried out (5) incursions in Nablus city, al-Dahiyia neighborhood and Iraq Burin village in Nablus; and as-Samu and Dura in Hebron .No arrests were reported.

Monday, 12 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohanad al-Bahri’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Malek ‘Ayish Abu Mariyia’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Idhna village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Omar Salimiyia’s (44) house and arrested his wife Suhair Ahmed al-Batran (37), taking her to an unknown destination. It should be noted that al-Batran was shot on 30 October 2019 by IOF near al-Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron’s Old City. IOF claimed that she attempted to carry out a stabbing attack. At that time, al-Batran was taken to an Israeli hospital and released few months later.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hizma village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Mohammed Fawzi al-Khatib (25) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Tur village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Khalil ‘Atiyia Abu al-Hawa’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Tell village, southwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Osaid Omar ‘Asidah (27), taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed on al-Salam Street. They raided and searched Saber Bassam al-Najjar’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Qased ‘Abed al-Naser Nouri Mousa (20), taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Thabet Hussain Ba’jawi (18).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Qusra village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses and arrested Burhan Nash’at Fawzi Hasan (37).
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Kafr Qaddum village,north of Qalqilya. They raided and searched Mohammed Raied Barham’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 16:00, Israeli intelligence officers arrested Mo’tasem Mousa Hijazi (14), from Bethlehem, after summonsing him via a phone call for investigation in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of the city.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at a Jabi’ military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Fawzi (45) and Bashar (40) Nash’at Fawzi Hasan, from Qusra village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. It should be noted that Fawzi and Bashar were arrested few hours after arresting their brother Burhan from his house.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Bab al-Majles area in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mohammed Hisham al-Bashiti’s house and arrested him along with his sons Hatem (17) and ‘Abed al-Rahman (16), taking them to a detention center in the city. It should be noted that al-Bashiti’s son Hisham (19) was arrested on last Saturday during clashes erupted in Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into al-‘Abasiyia neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Moayad Ahmed Abu Mayalah (20) and handed him a summons to refer to ‘Oz Police Station in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of the city.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Dura city, Yatta City, Beit ‘Amra and Deir Sammit villages in Hebron.No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 13 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Awwa village, southwest of Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Mahmoud Yaser Mahmoud Masalmah’s (30) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Halhul village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched 5 houses, from which they arrested Thaier Jamal Modiyia (30), Yehia Sadeq Jahsh (29), Mohammed Mahmoud Se’dah (28), Mohammed Helmi ‘Aqel (19), and Mohammed Saqer l-Baou (28).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Jalazone refugee camp, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Moneer Mohammed Nakhla (21) and Dawoud Rafeeq Mohammed ‘Issa (23).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Qaddura refugee camp, adjacent to Ramallah, in the center of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mohammed al-Salhi’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya. They raided and searched Mohammed Salah Yousef Ishtawi’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Marah Rabah village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Khalil Mohammed al-Sheikh’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:45, IOF moved into Beit Liqya village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Anas Saber Jameel Mafarja’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched Ahmed Jawad Abu Hamed’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al-Mashrou’ area in Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed ‘Edwan’s (22) house and arrested him. 
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF backed by military vehicles moved 100 meters to the east of Khuzaʽa village in Khan Yunis. They leveled and combed lands amidst sporadic shooting before they redeployed along the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:00, IOF summoned Mohammed ‘Ali Mutair (26), from Qalandia camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem, via a phone call, ordering him to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service at Qalandia checkpoint next day morning. It should be noted that Mutair is a former prisoner.
  • At approximately 16:00, Israeli police arrested Ahmed Khaled ‘Atiyia (16) while present in al-Aqsa Mosque yards in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and took him to a detention center in the city.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into Bab Hata area, one of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City neighborhoods. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Sufian Omar al-‘Ajouni (22) and Mohammed Khaled Sharifa (21) and arrested them.  
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Tulkarm city, Tulkarm camp, Qalqilya and Jit village; and Sa’ir village and Fawwar refugee camp. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 14 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Showika suburb, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Mohammed Moneer ‘Abed al-Qader ‘I’mar’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Mohammed Marwan Shehab’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kafr Malik village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Baheej Farhan Hamayil (20) and ‘Ahed Eyad Ghanayim (20).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Qaddura refugee camp, adjacent to Ramallah. They raided and searched ‘Issa ‘Abido al-Tamimi’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Tur village, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Yousef Khaled Abu al-Hawa’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Dheisheh refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Iyyas Shaheen’s (18) house and arrested him.  
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses and arrested ‘Ali Bassam ‘Atallah Hashasheen (21).
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Majd Nayif Mostafa’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, Israeli police arrested Husam Seder (33), an employee of the reconstruction department in the Islamic Endowments Department (Awqaf), while working in al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and took him to a detention center in the city.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF stationed at the northeastern of Beit Dajan village. Northeast of Nablis, arrested 2 civilians, who approached a caravan placed by an Israeli settler and removed later by IOF. The arrestees were identified as Hazem Majed Hanini (43) and Burhan Naseem Isma’il (27).
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Aqabat_Jaber  refugee camp, in Jericho, Silwad  village, Ni’lin village, Al-Bireh  city in Ramallah; and Anin and Arranah  villages in Jenin. No arrests were reported.

II. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 08 October 2020, IOF confiscated an agricultural tractor and a water tank with capacity of 4 cups in Jiftlik village, north of Jericho, under the pretext of being in Area (C). The tractor is owned by Ayed Issa Mohammed Darghis, from Jiftlik village.
  • At approximately 14:30 on Thursday, IOF moved into Ein al-Beida village in Jordan’s northern valleys, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. They confiscated a tractor used for leveling an agricultural road in the abovementioned village in favor of Dar Al Binaa Contracting Company in Asira ash-Shamaliya village, north of Nablus, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The tractor is owned by Wahib Mahmoud Ahmed Azzam, from Fandaqumiya village, south of Jenin.
  • On Friday, 09 October 2020, Israeli authorities notified Sameeh Ahmed Salah to demolish his house in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that Israeli authorities notified Sameeh Ahmed Salah to demolish his 80-sqaure-meter house located in Kherbet ‘Alia area, south of al-Khader village, within 96 hours, under the pretext of non-licensing. Breijieh pointed out that the house is sheltering 6 persons, clarifying that the house was demolished 3 times; the last of which was on 18 June 2020, as the house was comprised of 2 rooms and a kitchen and roofed with tin plates. Breijieh added that Kherbet ‘Alia and Um Rokba areas, adjacent to “Efrat” settlement, are exposed to a settlement attack that includes the demolition of a number of houses, and notifying others of demolition and stopping construction, aiming at emptying them of their residents and seizing them to expand the settlement.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Sunday, 11 October 2020, IOF moved into Bab al-Zawiya area at the entrance to Shuqba village, west of Ramallah in the center of the West Bank. IOF headed towards a semi-trailer truck that was emptying its contents of scraps gathered from a land owned by Rateb Nasser Qadeh. IOF confiscated the tractor owned by Qadeh who works in scrap metal trade under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • On the same day, Israeli authorities announced the amendment of the boundaries of lands in Arab al-Ta’amrah village, east of Bethlehem, aiming at seizing these lands in favor of expanding “Tekoa” settlement. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that Upon the Israeli authorities’ decision, dozens of dunums will be seized in favor of expanding the boundaries of the aforementioned settlement. Breijieh pointed out that the Israeli authorities gave the landowners 45 days to challenge.
  • At approximately 10:30 on Tuesday, 13 October 2020, IOF confiscated a bulldozer belonging to al-Zawiya Municipality, west of Salfit, and detained its driver ‘Emad Hamed Mawqadi, who was levelling a dirt road to facilitate citizens’ access to their lands in order to harvest the olive trees. He was released around 23:30.
  • On the same day, Israeli authorities notified to stop construction works in several agricultural rooms in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Ahmed Salah, the coordinator of the Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission in al-Khader village, said that Israeli Civil Administration officers notified to  stop construction works in agricultural rooms (40 s.q) in Daher al-Riyah area. These rooms belong to Rezeq Shehada Salah, Mohammed Shehada Salah, Ma’mon Nasri Salah, and Salah Shehada Salah.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 18:30 on Friday, 09 October 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Har Brakha” settlement, southeast of Nablus, attacked the eastern area of Burin village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. The settlers threw stones at Palestinian houses. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian civilians gathered and confront them with stones. After that, IOF intervened to protect the settlers, fired tear gas canisters at the Palestinians and chased them. IOF arrested Montaser Khader al-Najjar (28), taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:30 on Saturday, 10 September 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Har Brakha” settlement, southeast of Nablus, attacked the eastern area of Burin village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. The settlers threw stones at Palestinian houses with stones. As a result, the windows of a house owned by Ibrahim Adel were broken. Israeli settlers fled from the area towards the abovementioned settlement.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 12 October 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Etz Ephraim” settlement, which is established on Mas-ha village lands, west of Salfit, stole the crop of six olive trees and broke the twigs of 60 others in an area of 120 dunums in War’et al-Humus area, which is located behind the annexation wall. These dunums belong to ‘Abed al-Razeq Ibrahim ‘Amer. It should be noted that ‘Amer is banned from entering his land except through coordination with the Israeli occupation.
  • On Wednesday, 14 October 2020, Israeli settlers cut hundreds of perennial olive trees in Jab’a village, west of Bethlehem. Head of the Village Council, Diab Masha’lah, said that dozens of Israeli settlers, from “Beit Ayin” settlement, which is established on Jab’a village lands, cut with saws about 300 olive trees belonging to Khaled Naji Masha’lah.

V. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individual’s movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established (62) temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested (6) of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individual’s movement at military permanent checkpoints

Jerusalem:

Bethlehem:

  •  On Thursday 08 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the northern entrance to Tuqu village, in Aqabat Hasnah area, leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 09 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the northern entrance to Tuqu village, Aqabat Hasnah area, leading to villages west of Bethlehem, and near al-Nashash intersection, south of the city.
  • On Saturday, 10 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the western entrance to Tuqu village, the entrance to Marah Rabah village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 11 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village; at the entrance to Marah Rabah village; and at the entrance to al-Nashnash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 12 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village; at the entrance to al-Nashnash area; and near ‘Aqabet Hussain area.
  • On Tuesday, 13 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village and at the entrance to al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem.

Ramallah:

  • On Sunday 11 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Atara village, northwest of Ramallah.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 08 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Halhoul, the entrance to Idnah village, and the entrance to Karma village.
  • 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Ummar and Surif villages and al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Saturday, 10 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhul, at the western entrance to Hebron and at the northern entrance to Yatta.
  • On Sunday, 11 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Ash-Shuyukh and Beit Kahil villages, and on Farsh al-Hawa road.
  • On Monday, 12 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Khasa, Beit Awwa and Idhna villages.
  • On Tuesday, 13 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Beit ‘Amra village and on Khelet al-Maya road.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli authorities closed with a metal detector gate the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. As a result, civilians had to walk through a bumpy road to reach their houses.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 08 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sebastia village, northwest of Nablus.

Salfit:

  • On Saturday, 10 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Haris village; at the northern entrance to Deir_Istiya village; and at the southern entrance to Kifl_Haris village, northof Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 11 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at  entrance to Kafr ad-Dik village, and at the southern entrance to Kifl_Haris village, north of  Salfit.
  • On Monday, 12 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit. 

Qalqilya:

  • 5 checkpoints at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya, the entrance to Kafr Laqif village, the entrance to Jinsafut village, the entrance to Hableh village, and the road linking between Jayyous and Azzun villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Sunday, 11 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Azzun villages, east of Qalqilya.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 08 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 08 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Jericho, and the entrance to Jiftlik village, north of Jericho.
  • On Sunday, 11 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.

أكتوبر 17 يوم الرأس بالرأس ويوم طار رأس زئيفي في القدس – نضال حمد

  الصفصاف

في السابع عشر من تشرين الأول – أكتوبر 2001 كانت فلسطين على موعد مع تنفيذ شعار ” الرأس بالرأس” الذي أطلقه القائد الفذ أحمد سعدات وكذلك رفاق الشهيد القائد الكبير أبو علي مصطفى الأمين العام للجبهة الشعبية لتحرير فلسطين، الذي اغتاله الاحتلال الصهيوني نهاية شهر آب – أغسطس  في مكتبه برام الله المحتلة.يوم 17-10-2001 على باب الغرفة رقم 816 في فندق بالقدس المحتلة تلقى الوزير الصهيوني الارهابي رحبعام زئيفي خمس رصاصات في الصدر والرأس أدت الى وفاته على الفور.

في تعليقه على عملية الاغتيال قال الارهابي شارون رئيس وزراء الكيان الصهيوني آنذاك: “كل شيء تغيّر”، مع إطلاقه وابلاً من التهديدات ضد الفلسطينيين” تكللت باجتياح رام الله وحصار مكتب رئيس السلطة ياسر عرفات حيث كان يعتقل سعدات ورفاقه بعد أن غدر بهم وتم اعتقالهم بقرار شخصي من ياسر عرفات نفذه توفيق الطيراوي.

زئيفي لم يكن كأي شخص صهيوني، فقد كان من الآباء والقادة المؤسسين للكيان الصهيوني. كما كان واحداً من أكثرهم ارهابا واجراما وعنصرية.. بالاضافة لعدائه الشديد لكل الفلسطينيين والعرب. كان من أشد دعاة الترانسفير وترحيل كل الفلسطينيين من أرضهم المحتلة.

بعد اغتيال زئيفي قامت أجزهة أمن السلطة الفلسطينية المنسقة مع الاحتلال الصهيوني بالاحتيال على “سعدات” الذين كان متخفيا ومتورايا عن الأنظار، وهو الخبير في ذلك لتجربته الطويلة في هذا المجال. طلب توفيق الطيراوي عقد لقاء مع سعدات لبحث شؤون وطنية ملحة، حصل اللقاء في احد فنادق رام الله، حيث تم اعتقال سعدات ورفاقه اعضاء الخلية الجبهوية التي نفذت عملية اغتيال زئيفي.

نقطة... وأول السطر - شخصيات: ما لا تعرفه عن بساطة توفيق الطيراوي ..ماذا طلب  منه ياسر عرفات ؟

بهذا العمل الشنيع أضافت سلطة اوسلوستان وصمة عار جديدة على الوصمات الكثيرة التي لطخت وتلطخ سيرة النضال الوطني الفلسطيني.

تعتبر عملية اغتيال وئيفي في قلب القدس المحتلة وفي فنندق للرسميين الصهاينة من أهم وأشجع العمليات الفدائية الفلسطينية على مر تاريخ الصراع مع العدو الصهيوني. فهي كانت عملية نوعية وجرئية ومميزة بكل المقاييس والمعايير.

باغتيال الارهابي زئيفي ثأر الفلسطينيون لكرامتهم الوطنية ولشهدائهم، كما سددوا ضربة موجعة ودقيقة جداً للعدو الصهيوني. وضربة مؤلمة وشخصية للارهابي شارون صديق زئيفي وللصهاينة بشكل عام، ومن خلال قدرتهم على الرد المؤلم والدقيق والسريع والمميز، كما من خلال تنفيذ الوعد والعهد، وعد “الرأس بالرأس والعين بالعين” في وقت قياسي وسريع، وفي دقة عملياتية واختيار الشخص والمكان والزمان، وعودة وانسحاب منفذي العملية بسلام.

خزي اوسلوستان لم يتوقف عند اعتقال سعدات ورفاقه .. ففي الرابع عشر من آذار – مارس 2006 اقتحمت قوات الاحتلال الصهيوني سجن أريحا التابع للسلطة الفلسطينية. حيث اعتقلت القائد المناضل أحمد سعدات صاحب ومطلق شعار ” الرأس بالرأس والعين بالعين” مع رفاقه منفذي عملية اغتيال زئيفي. بالاضافة للواء فؤاد الشوبكي وهو أحد قادة حركة فتح ومساعد لرئيسها ورئيس السلطة والمنظمة الراحل ياسر عرفات.

بينما خرج سعدات رافع الراس ومكبل اليدين والقدمين محاطا بعشرات الجنود الصهاينة،

خرج وقائيو الأوسلة وأجزهتها الأمنية، حراس السجن من عناصر وضباط أجهزة شرطة وأمن سلطة اوسلوستان عراة وفقط بالكلاسين، مستسلمين، رافعين أيديهم فوق رؤوسهم، في مشهد مؤلم ومفجع ومخجل ومعيب ومهين للشعب العربي الفلسطيني كله صغيرا وكبيرا حياً وشهيدا وحرا وأسيرا.

014430

مشهد لا يغيب عن أعيينا ولن يغيب مدى الحياة.

أين نحن اليوم من شعاراتنا؟أين نحن اليوم من حرية أسرانا؟

الوحدة الوطنية الفلسطينية تجسدها الأعمال والأفعال ضد الاحتلال لا الشعارات الفارغة والكاذبة ولا اللقاءات والاجتماعات والتصريحات وتقاسم السلطات والمحسوبيات. تجسدها أعمال النضال والكفاح الشعبية والمسلحة فلا نضال شعبي ولا مقاومة شعبية بدون مقاومة مسلحة، أي العمل الحقيقي في الميادين وعلى أرض المواجهات. فطريق تحرير فلسطين لا يمر من خلال الكذب على شعبنا بل من خلال تقديم الولاء والطاعة والتوبة للبعض، في بيت الشعب العربي الفلسطيني. بيت المقاومة الفلسطينية المتمسكة بثوابت شعب فلسطين. فالفصائل التي تدعي المقاومة ولا تتمسك بالثوابت لا فائدة ترجى منها ولا من مقاومتها.

Saudi FM Calls for Israeli-Palestinian ‘Peace’ Talks

October 16, 2020

Saudi FM Calls for Israeli-Palestinian 'Peace' Talks – Al-Manar TV Lebanon

Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud said the main focus of the so-called Middle East peace efforts should be to bring Israel and the Palestinians back to the negotiating table.

The remarks were made on Thursday as the top Saudi diplomat as asked to comment on a suggestion that the Israeli-Saudi normalization is unlikely any time soon.

“We welcome the recent efforts to bring the parties together towards a comprehensive peace plan because an important step for a secure… Middle East remains a peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians. All other things will follow from that,” bin Farhan said in a virtual appearance at a US think tank.

“I believe that the focus now needs to be on getting the Palestinians and the Israelis back to the negotiating table. In the end, the only thing that can deliver lasting peace and lasting stability is an agreement between the Palestinians and the Israelis. If we don’t manage to achieve that, we will continue to have that festering wound in the region,” the Saudi foreign minister told the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

“We always envisioned that normalization would happen but we also need to have a Palestinian state and we need to have a Palestinian-Israeli peace plan,” he added.

Source: Israeli media


The Zionist enemy government undermines the traitors ’agreement by approving the building of more than two thousand settlement units

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مفاوضات ترسيم الحدود البحرية بين الملاحظات والهواجس…

العميد د. أمين محمد حطيط 

رافق انطلاق مفاوضات ترسيم الحدود البحرية بين لبنان وفلسطين المحتلة التي يغتصبها العدو الإسرائيلي، رافقها الكثير من المواقف المتراوحة بين الملاحظة والاستفسار وصولا الى الهواجس حتى الانكار، وبالفعل انّ الحدث الذي انطلق بتاريخ14\10\2020 ليس حدثاً عادياً في تاريخ المواجهة بين لبنان والعدو “الاسرائيلي” منذ إقامة كيانه المحتل لفلسطين في العام 1949. فما هي الحقائق الموضوعية التي ترعى المسالة او تنبثق عنها من أجل تقديمها للرأي العام ليتخذ منها الموقف المؤيد والمحتضن المدافع عن المصالح الوطنية بعيداً عن مواقف مسبقة قد تتسم بالمواقف الشخصية او تعذر الانسجام أو الكيمياء بين الاشخاص وعلاقاتهم السابقة والحاضرة. وللوقوف على الحقيقة لا بد من البدء بمسالة التفاوض ذاتها ولزومه وصولا الى مسالة اللقاء او الاجتماع بـ “الإسرائيلي” او عدم اللقاء به.

في البدء نؤكد انّ القانون الدولي العام وبخاصة قانون النزاعات المسلحة تضمّن أحكاماً وقواعد التعامل في الميدان او بالشكل العام بين الأعداء وفي هذا الإطار ونظراً لطبيعة علاقة العداء القائمة بين لبنان و”إسرائيل” بصفتها عدواً له فإنّ هذه العلاقات من حيث اللقاء والتفاوض مرّت بمحطات 6 كان للبنان في كلّ منها سلوك ينسجم او يختلف عما سبقه كالتالي:

1

ـ المحطة الأولى كانت في العام 1949 مباشرة بعد الحرب وتوقيع اتفاق الهدنة مع العدو “الإسرائيلي” في رودس حيث شكلت لجنة مراقبة الهدنة من 3 أطراف يمثلهم حصراً عسكريون من لبنان و”إسرائيل” والأمم المتحدة (مراقبي الهدنة OGL) وكانت مهمة اللجنة بحث انتهاكات أحد الطرفين لاتفاقية الهدنة وتسويتها فضلاً عن صيانة خط الهدنة المطابق للحدود الدولية المرسّمة براً منذ العام 1923، أيّ قبل اغتصاب فلسطين. وقد ألغت “إسرائيل” اتفاقية الهدنة من طرف واحد في العام 1967، لكن لبنان تمسك بها واستمر مراقبو الهدنة في مراكزهم في جنوب لبنان.

2

ـ المحطة الثانية كانت في العام 1982 بعد الاحتلال “الإسرائيلي” للبنان وحيث ضغطت أميركا على لبنان لإجراء مفاوضات ذات شكل وطبيعية ملتبسة بعيدة أولاً عن الأمم المتحدة وغير مبنيّة عل اتفاق الهدنة وشاركت فيها وفود ثلاثة من لبنان و”إسرائيل” واميركا، وشكلت الوفود من عسكريين ومدنيّين فيهم سفراء ما قاد البعض إلى القول بأنّ هذه المفاوضات شكلت اعترافاً لبنانياً ضمنياً بـ “إسرائيل” رغم النفي الذي أعلنه لبنان، وقد أفضت المفاوضات الى اتفاق 17 أيار الذي تمّ إلغاؤه تحت الضغط الشعبي اللبناني.

3

ـ المحطة الثالثة كانت في مؤتمر مدريد 1991 الذي دُعي اليه على أساس القرارات 242 و338، ورغم انّ لبنان لم يكن معنياً بهذه القرارات كونه لم يدخل الحرب مع “إسرائيل” في العام 1967 والعام 1973، إلا أنه شارك بتفاوض غير مباشر مع “إسرائيل” وبوفد مدني ولم توصل المفاوضات الى شيء.

4

ـ المحطة الرابعة كانت في العام 1996 إثر تفاهم نيسان الذي تمّ التوصل اليه بمساع أميركية سورية لحماية المدنيين على جانبي الحدود بين لبنان وفلسطين المحتلة. وانبثق عن هذا التفاهم هيئة عسكرية خماسية شكلت من عسكريين فقط من لبنان و”إسرائيل” وسورية وفرنسا وأميركا كانت تجتمع في الناقورة برعاية “اليونيفيل” لبحث الانتهاكات للتفاهم.

5

ـ في العام 2000 وفي معرض الانسحاب “الإسرائيلي” من لبنان تحت ضغط المقاومة طلبت “إسرائيل” تشكيل لجنة ثلاثية مشتركة من عسكريين من الأمم المتحدة ولبنان و”إسرائيل” لمراقبة الانسحاب والتحقق من اكتماله وإرساء تدابير أمنية على جانبي الحدود، فرفض لبنان الطلب جملة وتفصيلاً وفرض إنشاء لجنتين منفصلتين تتشكل الأولى من عسكريين لبنانيين وأمميّين وتعمل في لبنان وكنتُ رئيساً للوفد اللبناني فيها، وتتشكل الثانية من عسكريين أمميين و”إسرائيليين” وتعمل في فلسطين المحتلة وتتحقق اللجنتان من الانسحاب حصراً دون التصدّي لأيّ موضوع آخر ودون ان يكون أيّ لقاء بينهما ودون ان تعبر أيّ منهما الحدود الى الجهة الأخرى. وقد أتمَمنا المهمة دون لقاء او تناظر مع أيّ “إسرائيلي”.

6

ـ في العام 2006 وبعد عدوان “إسرائيل” ومن غير مبرّر أو مستند قانوني دخل لبنان في لجنة عسكرية ثلاثية ضمّته الى الأمم المتحدة و”إسرائيل” ولم يكن للجنة هذه مهمة محدّدة من أيّ مرجعية سياسية او قانونية، واستمرّت هذه اللجنة باجتماعات تعقد في الناقورة في مقر قيادة اليونيفيل التي حدّدت لاحقاً مهامها بالنظر في الخروقات للقرار 1701.

اليوم يواجه لبنان مسألة ترسيم الحدود البحرية مع فلسطين المحتلة، وقد شكل لهذه الغاية وفداً برئاسة عسكري وعضوية 3 خبراء عسكري ومدنيان ما أثار التساؤل حول طبيعة الوفد وتداعيات تشكيله بهذا الشكل وانعكاسه على طبيعة العلاقة بين لبنان والعدو “الإسرائيلي”. وابدى أطراف لبنانيون هواجس من وجود المدنيين في الوفد لأنّ وجودهم يذكرهم بالمفاوضات التي أفضت الى اتفاق 17 أيار 1983 فأين الحقيقة في هذا الأمر؟

للبحث في الموضوع نرى مفيداً التذكير بأنّ تفسير أيّ سلوك بين أطراف متعددين يخضع لمعاني الشكل أولاً ويحسم بعناصر الموضوع والمهمة ثانياً. وعلى هذا الأساس، ورغم انّ المنطق يفرض القول بانّ طمأنة الخائف لا تتمّ بمجرد القول له “لا تخف” بل انّ الصواب يكون في اتخاذ التدابير العملية التي تجعله يطمئن، وتأسيساً على ذلك نرى:

أ ـ انّ تشكيل الوفد اللبناني بالصيغة والشكل الذي دخل فيه المفاوضات، ووجود عسكريّيْن مع خبير قانوني وخبير نفطي، يجعل من الوفد هيئة عسكرية تقنية ليس لها وجه سياسي او شبه سياسي، لأنّ الطابع السياسي يسبغ عليها في حال وجود شخص سياسي او دبلوماسي او ممثل شخصي لسياسي أو هيئة دستورية سياسية الأمر غير المتحقق في واقع الوفد اللبناني الآنـ والأصحّ تعريفه بأنه وفد عسكري – تقني ليس أكثر.

ب ـ انّ مهمة الوفد محدّدة حصراً بترسيم الحدود البحرية الجنوبية للبنان، دون ان يتعداها الى بحث أيّ شان من الشؤون السياسية والأمنية وسواها… وانّ ما أعطي من توجيهات وما التزم به هو أصلاً من سلوكيات يجعل الخوض بشأن خارج المهمة أمراً مستبعداً، ثم انّ عمله تحت رعاية مباشرة ولصيقة ودائمة يمارسها رئيس الجمهورية وقائد الجيش يخفف من ثقل الهواجس وتداعياتها.

ج ـ انّ رفض الوفد القيام بأيّ جزئية من جزئيات الاتصال المباشر بوفد العدو مهما صغر شأنها من شأنه أن يعزز الطمأنينة للتفسير والتأويل بأنّ المفاوضات ذات طبيعة غير مباشرة وتتمّ بين أعداء في حالة الهدنة وعبر وسيط دون أيّ اتصال مباشر بينهما.

د ـ انّ ما جرى في جلسة التفاوض الأولى وأداء الوفد اللبناني وسلوكياته فيها منذ الوصول الى الجلوس وتجنّب النظر وتوجيه الكلام للوفد “الإسرائيلي” الى مضمون الكلمة الى رفض الصورة المشتركة كلها أمور تؤكد انّ لبنان ملتزم قواعد التفاوض غير المباشر بحذافيرها.

بيد انه ورغم كلّ ما قلنا ورغم أننا كنا ولا زلنا نفضل ان تتمّ عملية الترسيم من غير تفاوض ولا لقاء مع العدو في مكان واحد خاصة على أرض لبنانية، فإنّ لبنان دخل اليوم في المفاوضات التي باتت أمراً واقعاً بمجرد انعقاد جلستها الأولى التي أسّست لجلسات تليها قد تنجح او تفشل في إنجاز المهمة، لكن يجب في كلّ الأحوال ان نتجنّب الوقوع في أيّ كمين او تكبّد أيّ خسارة مهما كان نوعها ومن هذا المنطلق ننظر الى بيان الاعتراض على وجود المدنيين في الوفد، ونرى فيه بأنه سلوك حذر وخوف من انزلاق خارج المهمة او منح فرصة للعدو لاقتناص مكاسب يرفض لبنان توفيرها له، ولهذا سيكون للبيان حتى ولو كانت دون الاستجابة الى مضمونه بتعديل الوفد عوائق، فسيكون للبيان دور يحصّن مهمة الوفد ويحميه من كمائن العدو وأفخاخه وفي كلّ حال تبقى العبرة بالنتائج رغم انّ للوسائل قدر وأهمية لا يمكن إغفالها.

أستاذ جامعي ـ باحث استراتيجي

مقالات متعلقة

Dozens of Palestinian Prisoners Launch Hunger Strike in Solidarity with Fellow Inmates

October 15, 2020

60 Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails today launched an open-ended hunger strike in solidarity with three of their fellow inmates held in solitary confinement, according to the Palestinian news agency WAFA.

The spokesman for the Commission of the Detainees and Ex-Detainees Affairs, Hassan Abed-Rabbo, told WAFA that some 60 prisoners affiliated with Fatah and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) began the hunger strike in protest of the Israeli Prison Service’s (IPS) decision to continue to hold three leaders of the prisoners’ movement incommunicado.

The prisoners’ leaders were identified as Wael al-Jaghoub, Hatem Qawasmi, and Omar Khurwat, with Qawasmi and Khurwat held in isolation for six months.

This came two days after 30 other prisoners started an open-ended hunger strike in solidarity with Maher al-Akhras who has been on hunger strike for 81 days in protest of his administrative detention.

Abed-Rabbo pointed out that more prisoners were expected to join the strike.

(WAFA, PC, Social Media)

الأسير الأخرس: شكراً للبنان وسورية وروسيا وأحرار العالم لن أنكسر ولن أخضع ولن أسمح للعدو بكسر إرادة شعبي

تحدّث لـ “البناء” في اليوم الـ80 لإضرابه عن الطعام

صابرين دياب – البناء – فلسطين المحتلة

الأسير ماهر الأخرس في يومه الـ80 للإضراب عن الطعام، إنه “يريد الحياة ولا يريد الموت إنما الحياة بحرية وكرامة”. وقد أجرت “البناء” لقاءً مقتضباً معه، حيث كانت لافتة معنوياته والمشرّفة جداً، وقد توجهنا له بالتهنئة على تلك المعنويات والتي ننتظر منها أن ترفع معنويات الضعفاء في الخارج لأنّه هو القوي.

وتوجّه الأخرس برسالته للبنانيين قائلاً: “أنا أحيّي الشعب اللبناني وقيادته الحكيمة، أحيّي أهل جنوب لبنان الذين ذاقوا الأمرّين على يد العدو نفسه الذي نمرّ على يديه الآن، أحيّي كلّ أحرار لبنان الذين رفضوا أن يعيشوا تحت ذلّ هذا الاحتلال، وأحيّي كلّ أحرار العالم، وأحيّي كلّ حرّ في العالم رفض الذلّ والإهانة والاستكبار…”

وتابع الأسير أبو إسلام بالقول: “أحيّي كلّ من تضامَن معي لأنّ قضيتي تمثل كلّ شعبي”، مؤكداً عزمه ورفضه الانكسار والخضوع لإرادة العدو بالقول: “لن يكسروني وهم يحاولون كسري لكسر إرادة شعبي وأنا أدافع عن نفسي ولا أريد الحرية لنفسي”.

وأكد الأسير الأخرس رغبته في الحياة الكريمة الخالية من الذلّ والهوان، قائلاً: “والله أني أحب الحياة ولا أحب الموت لكن إنْ فرضوا عليّ الموت فهو أفضل لي من أن أعيش ذليلاً تحت بساطهم كما يُقال”.

كما توجه الأسير بكلمة للشعب السوري والقيادة الوطنية السورية وللجيش السوري قائلاً: “أشكر سورية على موقفها المشرّف لسنوات طويلة أمام المؤامرة التي مرّت عليها ممن يسّمونهم المجموعات الإسلامية والإسلام بريء منها. وأحيّي سورية وجيشها الوطني الذي قاتل هؤلاء المجرمين التكفيريين وأعوانهم الذين يدعمونهم من الخارج والدول الكبيرة”.

وتابع: “إن شاء الله تنتصر سورية عليهم وتتطهّر أرضها منهم وأن يكون الشعب السوري والحكومة السورية والجيش السوري داعماً لقضيتنا دائماً كما كان وشكراً لهم شكراً لهم على كلّ مواقفهم المشرّفة”.

كما تطرّق الأخرس لروسيا وشعبها وشكرهم لأنهم تدخلوا في قضيته قائلاً: “أشكر روسيا وشعبها والرئيس بوتين العظيم على وقفتهم معي لأني لم أجد حتى الفلسطينيين الذين يسمّون أنفسهم وزراء لم يفعلوا حتى كلمة بينما ننشكر روسيا وسفيرها الذي تدخل في قضيتي ولا يزال يتدخل وشكراً لهم كثيراً”.

AZERBAIJANI MILITARY DESTROYS ARMENIAN S-300S AS HUMANITARIAN CEASEFIRE NEARS ITS COLLAPSE

The Armenian-Azerbaijani war in the Nagorno-Karabakh region does not show signs of nearing its end despite the humanitarian ceasefire launched in the region. The ceasefire started in the Nagorno-Karabakh region at 12:00 local time on October 10. The ceasefire deal was reached by the Azerbaijani and Armenian sides following long talks in Moscow a day ago. Russia played a key role in forcing the sides to make steps towards the de-escalation.

Azerbaijan and Armenia also formally agreed to begin substantive negotiations of a peaceful settlement of a military conflict over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh that erupted on September 27. These talks will be mediated by the Organization for Security and co-operation in Europe’s Minsk Group of international negotiators. Following the ceasefire agreement, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev said that the first phase of the military operation in the Nagorno-Karabakh region is completed. The Russian diplomatic intervention allowed to put an end to the hottest phase of the military confrontation and force the sides to halt active offensive operations on the ground.

Despite this, the situation on the ground remained very tense. Almost immediately after the start of the ceasefire regime, the sides simultaneously accused each other of violating the ceasefire and of shelling civilian and military targets, and repeated these claims on October 11 and October 12.

Meanwhile, Armenia and Azerbaijan released a new batch of fresh and few days old footage showcasing casualties of each other and making loud statements. In particular, pro-Azerbaijani sources claimed that at least two more S-300 systems of Armenia were destroyed in Karabakh. The released videos accompanying these claims include the moments of the alleged destruction of 35D6 (ST-68U) radars and a S-300 missile launcher of the Armenian military with Israeli IAI Harop loitering munitions near the village of Khojaly in the Khojaly District and the village of Qubadlı in the Kashatagh District.

The 35D6 is a vehicle-carried three-dimensional air surveillance radar system. The range of the radar’s primary functions includes the detection of low-flying targets protected with active and or passive jamming screens, and also the performance of air traffic control. It can be operated as a separate installation as well as a part of the S-300 air-defense system. Nonetheless, if it was the S-300 batteries, as Azerbaijani sources insist, it still remains unclear what these long-range air defense systems were doing so close to the frontline.

Meanwhile, the Armenian military reported that its forces repelled large Azerbaijani attacks in the northeastern and southern parts of the region. The hottest area of the frontline is the town of Hardut. Azerbaijani President Aliyev officially announced that his forces captured it a few days ago. Nonetheless, videos from the ground show that in fact most of the town remained in the hands of the Armenians. Another part of it is now a gray zone, which is not controlled by any side. According to Armenian sources, Azerbaijani troops, supported by Turkish special forces and Syrian militants, tried to capture the town just a few hours before the start of the ceasefire. After this failed attack, Azerbaijani combat drones and artillery units delivered powerful strikes on Hardut and nearby villages, but were not able to force Armenian troops to retreat.

The Armenian Defense Ministry insists that the Turkish Air Force is leading the aerial operations of Azerbaijan. “Turkish aerial command centers, flying within the Turkish airspace, are commanding the Turkish UAV’s operating in the Azerbaijani air force. UAVs, accompanied by six F-16 units, are directly attacking the peaceful population and civilian infrastructure of Artsakh,” the defense ministry spokesman said.

In its own turn, the Azerbaijani side says that it’s just taking the necessary steps to respond to Armenian violations of the ceasefire and strikes on Azerbaijani settlements. The most widely covered incident of this kind took place on October 11, when an alleged Armenian ballistic missile hit Ganja city.

The active offensive phase of the Armenian-Azerbaijani war was put on pause, but the conflict itself does not seem to be nearing its end. Without the real political will of the Azerbaijani and Armenian leadership to reach a ceasefire, the de-escalation of the conflict, without direct intervention of some third party, remains unlikely. Instead, the war has chances to resume with new power in the coming days.

هل الثورة مقبلة إلى الولايات المتحدة؟ المقارنة مع روسيا

زياد حافظ

في سلسلة من المقالات والأبحاث المعمّقة أشرنا إلى تعاظم الاحتمال لانهيار داخلي في الولايات المتحدة. تسارع الأحداث في شوارع المدن الأميركية والانفلات الإعلامي في الفضاء السياسي والفوضى في الحوار التصادمي بين مكوّنات المجتمع الأميركي، فكلّ ذلك ينذر بأنّ شيئاً ما سيحدث قريباً. في مقال مثير للباحثة هيلين اندروز على موقع «الأميركان كونسرفاتيف» (الأميركي المحافظ) كتبت في مطلع هذا الشهر أنّ المناخ السائد في الولايات المتحدة يشبه المناخ الروسي سنة 1917. أن يصدر كلام من هذا النوع في الولايات المتحدة أمر لافت للنظر ولكن أن يصدر من موقع محافظ فهو دليل على خطورة الوضع الداخلي.

اعتبرت الباحثة انّ عام 2020 عام التدحرج نحو مناخات 1917 ذلك رغم الإنذارات المتكرّرة منذ الستينات في القرن الماضي والتي شهدت أعمال عنف وتمرّداً من قبل الشباب. لكن تلك الإنذارات لم تترجم إلى عمل يقود إلى الثورة ما جعل النخب ترتاح أن «الثورة» لن تحدث في بلد كالولايات المتحدة. لكن ما يحدث اليوم قد يكون مختلفاً عما حدث في الستينات من حركات احتجاجية لم تؤدّ إلى التغيير المطلوب آنذاك. وتسترسل الباحثة في سرد المناخ القائم في 1917 في روسيا مع ما يحدث اليوم في الولايات المتحدة. لكن «الثورة» المقبلة قد تكون مختلفة عن الثورات في العالم التي تريد التغيير. فهي «ثورة» تريد تثبيت الأمر الواقع وتقوم بحركة مناهضة لأيّ تغيير!

فحركة المقاومة في الولايات المتحدة (نعم هناك حركة اسمها المقاومة تهدف إلى خلع الرئيس الأميركي) تقول بوضوح إنها لن تقبل إعادة انتخاب ترامب في 2020 كما رفضتها في 2016. فالرئيس الأميركي كان ظاهرة تتمرّد على التوازنات القائمة وبالتالي حاولت تلك «المقاومة» الإطاحة بترامب عبر فضيحة «روسيا غيت» أيّ التدخل الروسي المزعوم في الانتخابات سنة 2016. ويعتبر الكاتب والأستاذ الجامعي مايكل ريكتنوالد أنّ الجبهة العريضة المعادية لترامب والتي تسعى الإطاحة به بأيّ وسيلة ممكنة مؤلّفة من ماكينة الحزب الديمقراطي، الديمقراطيين الأوفياء، المعادين لترامب من داخل الحزب الجمهوري تحت يافطة «أبداً لا لترامب» منهم من المحافظين الجدد كـ وليام كريستول ودوغلاس فيث، والدولة العميقة المؤلّفة من الجهاز البيروقراطي والمؤسسات الأمنية والمجمع العسكري الصناعي والمالي، ثم مجمل الإعلام الشركاتي المهيمن باستثناء بعض الجزر الصغيرة المستقلّة، وحركة «انتيفا»، وحركة «بي أل أم» (حياة السود مهمّة) المموّلة من الشركات الكبرى المالية والمعلوماتية على حدّ سواء. هذا التحالف يعيش وفقاً للكاتب في عالم موازي بعيداً عن هموم المواطنين الأميركيين العاديين ولا يريد التغيير. الاحتجاج ضدّ العنصرية «مقبول» من قبل الدولة العميقة طالما لا يمسّ بالمعادلات الاقتصادية والمالية القائمة.

وما يزيد من قلق المراقبين هو تباشير عن إمكانية تدخّل القوّات المسلّحة الأميركية حلبة الصراع القائم لصالح القوى المناهضة لترامب ما يزيد في وتيرة البارانويا في صفوف الجبهة الأخرى. ويعتبر الباحث أنّ تصريحات وزير الدفاع السابق في إدارة ترامب جون ماتيس حول ضرورة اقتلاع كلّ من لا يحترم الدستور تحذيراً لترامب. كما أنّ رئيس هيئة الأركان المشتركة انتقد الرئيس عندما أراد الأخير زجّ الجيش في قمع المظاهرات الاحتجاجية ضدّ العنصرية. ويُضاف إلى ذلك ضلوع مدير مكتب التحقيق الاتحادي السابق جيمس كومي في تبنّيه لملفّ مزوّر من أحد العاملين في وكالة الاستخبارات حول تورّط الرئيس الأميركي مع روسيا خلال الحملة فيضيف إلى مصداقية التهم التي يوجّهها ترامب وأنصاره إلى تواطؤ الأجهزة الأمنية في محاولات الإطاحة به. فالإيحاء بأنّ القوّات المسلّحة ومختلف الأجهزة الأمنية تنظر بعين الرضى لمشاريع الإطاحة بترامب جعلت المرشّحة السابقة هيلاري كلنتون تحثّ جوزيف بايدن على عدم القبول بالهزيمة فيما لو فاز ترامب في تشرين الثاني.

في المقابل يعمل أنصار ترامب، مع أنهم لا يحظون بتأييد الإعلام المهيمن، على نبش كلّ الفضائح التي تعود إلى المرشح بايدن ونجله هنتر. الاعلام المهيمن إما يتجاهل عمداً الاتهامات الموجّهة ضدّ فساد جوزيف بايدن ونجله أو يستحفّ بمصداقيتها. ونذكر أيضاً تصريحات وزير الخارجية مايك بومبيو حول عزمه لنشر الرسائل السرّية لهيلاري كلينتون تثبت تورّطها في فضائح عديدة وذلك خلال الأيام المقبلة قبل موعد الانتخابات. كما أنّ الحركات اليمينية المتطرّفة والعنصرية البيضاء تساهم في استمرار موجة الكراهية السائدة في البلاد. فالحقد والكراهية بين الفريقين المتنافسين يأخذ أبعاد خطرة للغاية حيث إمكانية التفاهم أصبحت شبه معدومة وأنّ الفصل قد يكون في الشارع.

أما الباحث الأميركي الذي يكتب تحت اسم جون كوينسي آدامز، وهو اسم مستعار للرئيس السادس للولايات المتحدة وهو ابن جون آدامز الرئيس الثاني وأحد مؤسّسي الدولة الأميركية، فيعتبر أنّ الولايات المتحدة «انتهت» كما كتب في مقال في موقع «استراتيجيك أند كلتشر فونداشين» (موقع مؤسسة الاسترتيجيا والثقافة) وذلك في 25 أيلول/ سبتمبر 2020. ويقيم مقارنة بين واقع الحال في الولايات المتحدة وواقع الحال في روسيا قيل عشرين سنة.

النقطة الأولى تعتبر أنّ من يتحكّم بالقرار في الولايات المتحدة الآن هي الاوليغارشية المالية التي لم تساهم في بناء الجسور والطرقات والمرافق العامة ومجمل البنى التحتية والقاعدة الصناعية والزراعية. بل هي مجموعة من مضاربين ماليين في معظمهم. في المقابل فإنّ الاوليغارشية التي لم تبن أيضاً أيّ شيء في روسيا بل استفادت من التفكك والفساد لبناء ثروات طائلة وتحكّمت بروسيا بعد تفكيك الاتحاد السوفياتي تضاءل نفوذها بشكل ملحوظ مع صعود الرئيس بوتين.

النقطة الثانية هي أنّ الثقة في الدولة تتزايد يوماً بعد يوم في روسيا بينما تتراجع بشكل سريع في الولايات المتحدة. معظم الروس يعتبرون السياسيين من اللصوص والنصّابين إلخ… في المقابل تشير استطلاعات الرأي العام في الولايات المتحدة ازدياد حالة القرف من السياسيين ومن الحكومة والدولة. فثقة الأميركيين بالدولة تراجعت بسبب عدم الشفافية (69 بالمائة) كما أنّ العلاقات والخطاب السياسي فقد الحدّ الأدنى من اللباقة والتهذيب (72 يالمائة).

النقطة الثالثة هي تراجع الكفاءة والقدرة العسكرية الأميركية بينما تتصاعد بشكل ملحوظ في روسيا. أشرنا في مقالات سابقة إلى عدم الجهوزية العسكرية الأميركية وذلك على لسان رئيس هيئة الأركان المشتركة وتقارير مراكز الأبحاث. كما أنّ الإخفاقات في الميدان ظهرت للجميع، سابقاً في فيتنام، وحالياً في أفغانستان والعراق. كما أنّ نوعية التسليح الروسي أفضل وأقلّ كلفة من التسليح الأميركي وخاصة في السلاح الكاسر للتوازن.

النقطة الرابعة هي أنّ الولايات تنفق الكثير على التسليح ومعظمه يذهب هدراً بينما روسيا أكثر ترشيداً ورشاقة في نفقاتها العسكرية. فروسيا تحرص على عدم تحويل وارداتها إلى التسلّح مستفيدة من تجربة الماضي في سباق التسلّح الذي أدّى إلى انهيار الاتحاد السوفياتي. التركيز هو على السلاح النوعي والأقلّ كلفة. لذلك نرى تزايد في الإنفاق العسكري الأميركي وتراجع في الإنفاق العسكري الروسي.

النقطة الخامسة هي أنّ كلّ من روسيا والولايات المتحدة تشهد تراجعاً ملحوظاً في معدّلات الولادة. فخلال العقد الماضي تراجع عدد السكان في روسيا بنسبة مليون بسبب انخفاض معدّلات الولادة وتزايد معدّلات الوفيات بسبب الكحول. وإذا استمرّت الحال فإنّ روسيا قد تخسر ثلث عدد سكّانها الـ 146 مليون في عام 2050. في المقابل فالولايات المتحدة تواجه تراجعاً في الولادة وتزايداً في الوفيات بسبب المخدّرات والإقبال على الانتحار. لكن الإحصاءات الأخيرة تشير إلى أنه تمّ تثبيت معدّلات الولادة في روسيا بينما عدد السكان في الولايات المتحدة يتراجع. وهنا تكمن المشكلة لأنّ الحلّ في تثبيت عدد السكّان لن يأتي إلاّ عبر الهجرة. والهجرة يعني تغييراً كبيراً في نسبة المكوّنات العرقية في الولايات المتحدة وما يرافق ذلك من تغيير في الثقافة والقيم والتي تصطدم مع الموجة العنصرية المتفشية في الولايات المتحدة.

كلّ ذلك يدّل على أنّ الوضع في روسيا أكثر استقرار مما هو عليه في الولايات المتحدة وأنّ الأخيرة في طريقها إلى الانهيار الداخلي إنْ لم تصحُ النخب على الواقع وتقوم بالإجراءات الجذرية اللازمة. لكن ما نشهده في هذه الأيام هو تأجيج متزايد نحو مواجهة في الداخل الأميركي خارج إطار المؤسسات بسبب موقف «المقاومة» للتغيير وموقف من يريد التغيير وإنْ لم تكن ملامح التغيير المطلوب واضحة. وهذا ما يزيد خطورة في الوضع لأنّ غياب هدف مشترك ينذر بالتفتّت والانشقاق.

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*كاتب وباحث اقتصادي سياسي والأمين العام السابق للمؤتمر القومي العربي

Yemen Army Continues to Make Gains in Marib

Yemen Army Continues to Make Gains in Marib

By Staff, Agencies

Yemen’s army and fighters from the Popular Committees stepped up their operations against Saudi-backed mercenaries in the war-torn country’s central Marib province, managing to score major territorial gains there.

Reports coming out of Marib suggested that the Yemeni troops made major advances in the district of Harib and managed to wrest control of a key crossing.

Scores of the militants were killed and injured during the operations and large groups of them fled the battlefield, the reports added.

The Yemeni army has sent thousands of fighters to the province over the past couple of weeks to expel forces loyal to the ex-government.

Since March 2015, Saudi Arabia has been conducting a bloody military aggression in Yemen with help from its regional allies, and using arms supplied by its Western backers. The aim of the war has been to bring Yemen’s former president Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi back to power and defeat the Ansarullah revolutionary movement.

Yemeni armed forces have been boosting their military capabilities and responding to the attacks using domestic missiles and drones, and targeting sensitive oil installations and military sites deep inside the Saudi territory.

Since 2015, over 100,000 people have been killed, according to the US-based Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project [ACLED].

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Palestinian Resistance: Gaza Ceasefire ‘at Stake’ over Health of Hunger Striker غزّة أمام ساعات حاسمة: إضراب الأخرس يفجّر التهدئة؟

October 12, 2020

Palestinian hunger striker Maher Al-Akhras
Palestinian prisoner Maher Al-Akhras has been on hunger strike for more than 70 days

Palestinian Resistance factions threatened Israeli occupation that the ceasefire in Gaza is at stake over the deteriorating health of Palestinian prisoner Maher Al-Akhras who has been for 78 days on hunger strike.

Al-Akhbar Lebanese newspaper reported on Monday that the Palestinian factions threatened the Israeli occupation, through mediators, that any harm inflicted upon Al-Akhras will affect all understandings reached on the ceasefire between Gaza and the Zionist entity.

The prominent threat was by Islamic Jihad’s military wing, Al-Quds Brigades, which issued on Sunday a video showing the group’s missiles along with the photo of Al-Akhras. The video was entitled: “Our Patience Won’t Last,” according to Al-Akhbar.

Hamas spokesman Fawzi Barhoum also warned that the group was “ready for any scenario,” calling for the direct release of Al-Akhras.

Abu Ali Mustapha Brigades, the armed wing of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), also warned that targeting the Palestinian prisoners “is a red line.”

Earlier on Sunday, head of the Commission of Palestinian Detainees and Ex-Detainees Qadri Abu Bakr said that Al-Akhras’ health condition has entered the stage of extreme danger.

The Palestinian official said that Al-Akhras is suffering from a weak immunity system, adding that his vital organs have begun to lose some functions.

Abu Bakr said the coming days will be decisive for Akhras’s demands as well as for his “dangerous” health condition.

Al-Akhras, 49, began his hunger strike after he was arrested and placed into administrative detention in late July.

Administrative detention is an Israeli policy that allows it to detain Palestinians without filing charges, sometimes for months at a time with multiple extensions.

Source: Al-Akhbar newspaper (translated and edited by Al-Manar English Website)

غزّة أمام ساعات حاسمة: إضراب الأخرس يفجّر التهدئة؟

رجب المدهون

الإثنين 12 تشرين الأول 2020

غزّة أمام ساعات حاسمة: إضراب الأخرس يفجّر التهدئة؟

يتزامن تدهور الوضع الصحّي للأسير ماهر الأخرس جرّاء إضرابه عن الطعام لشهرين ونصف شهر، مع ضغط إسرائيلي إضافي على غزة، بتعليق تفاهمات التهدئة حتى حلّ ملفّ الجنود الأسرى. معادلةٌ ترى المقاومة، بفصائلها كافة، أنها أمام واجب الردّ عليهاغزة | بعد 78 يوماً على إضراب الأسير الفلسطيني، ماهر الأخرس عن الطعام، ورفض العدوّ الإسرائيلي الاستجابة لمطلبه الإفراج عنه، انتقلت حالة الضغط من السجون إلى قطاع غزة؛ إذ أرسلت الفصائل الفلسطينية إلى سلطات الاحتلال، عبر وسطاء، «تهديدات قوية بأن أيّ ضرر يقع على الأخرس سيفجّر تفاهمات التهدئة» وفق مصادر المقاومة. يأتي ذلك في وقت يتجدّد فيه التصعيد الميداني على حدود القطاع، مقابل الضغط الإسرائيلي على حركة «حماس» لإجبارها على تخفيض شروطها في «صفقة التبادل»، خاصة مع رهن المنحة القطرية وباقي تفاهمات التهدئة بإنهاء ملفّ الجنود الأسرى في غزة.

وتتزامن التطوّرات المتّصلة بقضية الأخرس مع تعرقل تطبيق تفاهمات التهدئة، جرّاء تعثر جهود الوسطاء لإدخال الأموال القطرية والمساعدات إلى غزّة وبدء المشاريع المتّفق عليها في القطاع. وفي مواجهة ذلك، جاء التهديد الأبرز من الذراع العسكرية لحركة «الجهاد الإسلامي»، «سرايا القدس»، التي أصدرت فيديو قصيراً هَدّدت فيه العدوّ بثلاث كلمات: «لن يطول صبرنا»، مرفقةً تهديدها بصور لصواريخها، إلى جانب صورة الأسير المضرب. وبدأ الفيديو بكلمة للأمين العام للحركة، زياد النخالة، حذّر فيها الاحتلال من أيّ مكروه يُصاب به الأخرس، فيما نبّه الجناح العسكري لـ«الجبهة الشعبية»، «كتائب أبو علي مصطفى»، إلى أن «المساس بالأسرى خطّ أمر». وفي الاتّجاه نفسه كان موقف «حماس»، التي أكّد المتحدّث باسمها، فوزي برهم، أمس «(أننا) جاهزون لأيّ سيناريو… نريد الحرية والسلامة للأسير الأخرس»، مضيفاً: «حماس حاضرة في الميدان بكلّ قوة، وستشارك في كلّ فعل مقاوم على الأرض حتى ينعم ماهر بالحرية»، في إشارة إلى نية الحركة المشاركة بقوة في أيّ تصعيد مقبل.

هدّدت الفصائل العدوّ بـ«ردّ صاروخي» في حال «أصاب الأخرس مكروه»


ويواصل الأخرس رفضه حكم الاعتقال الإداري الصادر بحقه، وسط تحذيرات من دخوله مرحلة الخطر الشديد، علماً أنه لا يزال يقبع في مستشفى «كابلان» في الداخل المحتل، في حين أنه من المقرّر أن تعقد محكمة إسرائيلية جلسة للبتّ في قضيته، وهو ما استبقته «الهيئة القيادية لأسرى الجهاد» بإعلان «الاستنفار والإضراب المفتوح في حال لم يُفرَج عنه». وكانت مؤسّسة «مهجة القدس» قد قالت إن إدارة «كابلان» نقلت الأخرس إلى قسم آخر في المستشفى بعد اكتشاف إصابة أحد المرضى بجانبه بفيروس «كورونا». وبينما نفى المتحدّث باسم «لجان المقاومة الشعبية»، أبو مجاهد، وصول ردّ عبر الوسطاء، فقد أكّد أن «المقاومة أبلغت الأطراف المعنيّة بـ(ضرورة) إنقاذ الأسير، والّا فإن ردّ المقاومة سيكون بالصواريخ».

وعلمت «الأخبار»، من مصادر في «حماس» و«الجهاد»، أن الحركتين أجرتا اتصالات بالمصريين والقطريين والأمم المتحدة للتحذير من أن «استشهاد الأخرس سيُفجّر الوضع وينهي حالة الهدوء».
وفي رسالة بجدّية التهديدات، أطلقت المقاومة صاروخاً تجريبياً تجاه البحر صباح أمس، بالتزامن مع إطلاق «الوحدات الشعبية» دفعات من البالونات الحارقة تجاه مستوطنات «غلاف غزة». في المقابل، حاولت الصحافة العبرية حرف الأنظار عن التحرّك في قضية الأخرس، بادّعاء أن «حماس ستعود قريباً لإطلاق البالونات الحارقة والمتفجّرة والتصعيد في المنطقة الحدودية وإطلاق الصواريخ». والسبب في ذلك، كما رأت صحيفة «معاريف» في تقرير أمس، أن الحركة «تمرّ بأزمة كبيرة، وتتعرّض لضغوط داخلية كبيرة بسبب الوضع الاقتصادي للسكان وآثار كورونا». لكن «القناة الـ12» في التلفزيون الإسرائيلي أشارت إلى أن «حماس تطالب بتجديد المشاريع المدنية، مع التركيز على الماء والكهرباء»، مستدركة: «في إسرائيل صار استمرار المفاوضات والتوصّل إلى اتفاقات مشروطاً بإحراز تقدّم في قضية الأسرى والمفقودين الإسرائيليين، وهذا هو سبب استعداد الجيش لتصعيد قريب في الجنوب».

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U.S. on the edge of a civil war

Source

October 10, 2020 – 18:38

As Trump spent the year warning about voter fraud, the Oath Keepers and other Trump’s supporters were listening. 

“What would happen, I wondered, if Trump lost, said the election had been stolen, and refused to concede? Or the flip side: What if he won and his opponents poured into the streets in protest?” Defense One

writer Mike Giglio wrote on October 4. 

The U.S. was already seeing a surge in political violence. In August, the FBI put out a bulletin that warned of a possible escalation heading into the election. 

“How much worse would things get if trained professionals took up arms?” Giglio asked, according to Defense One.

The American Civil War began because slaveholding Southern nationalists refused to recognize the lawful election of Abraham Lincoln. The underlying cause may have been fear that a Republican president would ban the expansion of slavery into the West, but the triggering incident was losing a presidential election.

Aaron Sheehan-Dean, the Fred C. Frey professor of Southern studies at Louisiana State University, said, “We are confronted with a similar crisis today. According to the reporting of Barton Gellman in the Atlantic, a group of loyalists is laying the groundwork to disregard the results of the November presidential election if they send Democrat Joe Biden to the White House. These new fire-eaters, taking a cue from President Trump himself, advance what scientists call a ‘non-falsifiable hypothesis’. If Trump wins the election, the system works; if he loses, the system is corrupt. Any critique of this logic is only more proof that hidden forces are conspiring against him. The danger this posture poses to the United States is as great as the one manifested by Southern secession in 1861.”

Sheehan-Dean added, “While states are not threatening to leave the Union today, Lincoln faced a similar situation to the one confronting us.” 

America is already split, Trump Nation has seceded

Robert Reich wrote in the Guardian that “before Trump, most Americans weren’t especially passionate about politics. But Trump’s MO has been to force people to become passionate about him – to take fierce sides for or against. And he considers himself president only of the former, whom he calls ‘my people’.

Trump came to office with no agenda except to feed his monstrous ego. He has never fueled his base. His base has fueled him. Its adoration sustains him.
So does the antipathy of his detractors. Presidents usually try to appease their critics. Trump has gone out of his way to offend them. ‘I do bring rage out,’ he unapologetically told Bob Woodward in 2016.”

Robert Reich went on to say, “in this way, he has turned America into a gargantuan projection of his own pathological narcissism.

His entire re-election platform is found in his use of the pronouns ‘we’ and ‘them’. ‘We’ are people who love him, Trump Nation. ‘They’ hate him.”

In late August, near the end of a somnolent address on the South Lawn of the White House, accepting the Republican nomination, Trump extemporized: “The fact is, we’re here – and they’re not.” It drew a standing ovation.

At a recent White House news conference, a CNN correspondent asked if Trump condemned the behavior of his supporters in Portland, Oregon. In response, he charged: “Your supporters, and they are your supporters indeed, shot a young gentleman.”

In Trump’s eyes, CNN exists in a different country: Anti-Trump Nation.

Polls warning of civil war, violence

Meanwhile, a new poll shows a large swath of Americans harbor deep reservations about the election results weeks before Election Day and are concerned about what actions people might resort to as a consequence.

The YouGov poll of 1,999 registered voters found that nearly half – 47% – disagree with the idea that the election “is likely to be fair and honest.”

And that slightly more than half – 51% – won’t “generally agree on who is the legitimately elected president of the United States.” The online poll was conducted Oct.1-2 and has a margin of error of +/- 2.56 percentage points.

In addition, a YouGov poll of 1,505 voters found that 56% said they expect to see “an increase in violence as a result of the election.” That question had a margin of error of 4.2 percentage points.

For Fry and many other Trump supporters, the concern over the election’s legitimacy is tied to the largely unproven claims Trump has raised about potential fraud involving millions of mail-in ballots that already have begun to pour in to election office across the nation.

Leaked FBI report warns of violence in advance of election

A leaked September 29 FBI intelligence report prepared by the Dallas, Texas, field office warns that leading up to the November election, “Boogaloo adherents” and “militia violent extremists” are increasing “violent and criminal activity” in the Dallas area.

The assessment was made the same day Trump, in the first presidential debate with his Democratic opponent, Joe Biden, refused to condemn white supremacists and militia groups, instead instructing the fascistic street gang the Proud Boys to “stand back and stand by.”

The intelligence document, leaked to the Nation’s national security reporter Ken Klippenstein, confirms that the federal government continues to downplay the threat violent far-right groups pose to the general population. It also demonstrates that homicidal terrorist violence overwhelmingly emanates not from amorphous “Antifa” or “insurrectionary anarchist” groups, as the New York Times recently argued, but from far-right anti-communist and racist groups. These include the Proud Boys, “Boogaloo” and “back the blue” militia groups such as the Oath Keepers and the Three Percenters (III).
 
Stewart Rhodes, the founder of far-right Oath Keepers, believed it had an ally in the White House for the first time. In 2016, when Trump had warned of election fraud, Rhodes put out a call for members to quietly monitor polling stations. 

When Trump warned of an invasion by undocumented immigrants, Rhodes traveled to the southern border with an Oath Keepers patrol. He sent members to “protect” Trump supporters from the protesters at his rallies and appeared in the VIP section at one of them, standing in the front row in a black Oath Keepers shirt. When Trump warned of the potential for civil war at the start of the impeachment inquiry last fall, Rhodes voiced his assent on Twitter. “This is the truth,” he wrote. “This is where we are.”

RELATED NEWS

Hollywood Star Mark Ruffalo Calls out Israel’s Apartheid (VIDEO)

October 9, 2020

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Hollywood A-lister Mark Ruffalo has a long history of speaking out for Palestinian rights. (Photo: via Facebook)

Hollywood A-lister Mark Ruffalo called out Israeli apartheid during an interview on the Mehdi Hasan Show aired yesterday.

Speaking to the British journalist, Ruffalo said: “My connection to Palestine came through Palestinians and hearing their stories and then watching this asymmetrical warfare being enacted upon them.”

“That kind of inequality, that kind of oppression, that kind of apartheid.”

The Avengers star has a long history of speaking out for Palestinian rights, during Israel’s 2014 war on Gaza, Ruffalo slammed the Israeli army for blowing up Al-Wafa Hospital killing dozens of patients.

“There is no reason why an ally of America shouldn’t be held to the standards of any other country in the world, especially an ally. And what I see there is wrong,” he added.

(MEMO, PC, Social Media)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (01– 07 October 2020)

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01– 07 October 2020

  • Civilian shot dead by IOF near ‘Annab checkpoint in Tulkarm;
  • 18 Palestinian civilians, including 2 childern, wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank;
  • 15 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya; 2 others in Nablus and Jenin; and a child sustained critical wounds in occupied East Jerusalem.
  • 4 shootings reported at agricultural lands and 4 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip;
  • In 112 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 102 civilians arrested, including 15 children;
  • IOF conducts two  incursions into the border areas central and southern Gaza Strip, where they sprayed agricultural  lands with pesticides;
  • A bulldozer confiscated in Nablus; and 62 olive trees cut and burned by settlers in Salfit;
  • IOF established 68 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints.

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF killed a civilian in Tulkarm, under the pretext of throwing Molotov Cocktails. Furthermore, IOF attacks rendered 18 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force, including 2 children, in the West Bank. In addition, settlers’ attacks and confiscation of Palestinians’ properties continued, under the pretext of working without permits.

This week, PCHR documented 197 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: on 05 October 2020, IOF killed Sameer Ahmed ‘Abed al-Jaleel Hamidy (24), from Beit Lid village in eastern Tulkarm, near ‘Annab military checkpoint in Tulkarm, and kept his corpse in custody. IOF claimed that they targeted a group of civilians who threw Molotov cocktails at them. Although there were no eyewitnesses present at the time of the incident to confirm or deny the Israeli account; IOF could have used less lethal force especially that the Israeli military sites are fortified, and there was no serious threat or danger even if the sites were targeted with Molotov cocktails.

Furthermore, 18 civilians, including 2 children, wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank; 15 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya; 2 others in Nablus and Jenin; and a child sustained serious wounds in occupied East Jerusalem.

In the Gaza Strip, 4 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and 4 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 112 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 102 Palestinians were arrested, including 15 children.

In Gaza Strip, IOF conducted 2 incursions into eastern Bureij refugee camp and eastern Khan Yunis; during which, Israeli drone sprayed agricultural lands in border area with pesticides, east of Khan Yunis, and arrested a child who sneaked into Israel and released him later.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented one violation in Nablus, where IOF stopped working in an agricultural land and confiscated a bulldozer.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 2 attacks: 12 olive trees cut and 50 others burned in Salfit.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

IOF declared closing the West Bank and Gaza Strip crossings on Friday, 02 October 2020, and Saturday, 03 October 2020, due to Jewish holiday of “Sukkot.”

The Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories said that West Bank crossings will be closed during the abovementioned days, except for the following crossings: Barta’a checkpoint, Nabi Ilyas checkpoint for residents in seam points, and Ni’lin checkpoint, which will be opened and operated as usual on Fridays. The Coordinator added that only humanitarian and life-saving cases will be allowed to travel through Beit Hanou “Erez” crossing, while Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum)  will be closed.

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  I. IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

  • At approximately 11:00 on Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF moved into Qatanna village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Saleem Mahmoud Shamasna’s (50) house, arrested him and confiscated his vehicle. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered near Shamasna’s house and threw stones at Israeli soldiers who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers and chased them. Resulted in a number of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation. It should be noted that Shamasna served almost about 7 years in the Israeli prisons in separate periods; in the last of which he spent 18 months in administrative detention.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a village, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Sabastia village, northwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank, and stationed in al-Athar area, west of the city. Dozens of young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers who responded with live bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters. As a result, Adham Anwar al-Sha’er (29), from Barqa village, was shot and injured with a live bullet in his left eye while sitting with 3 of his friends in a restaurant, 30 meters away from the soldiers. Adham was taken to Rafidia Governmental Hospital for treatment and then he was transferred to al-Najah Hospital, where he underwent a surgery to remove his eye. It should be noted that Adham was shot while he was playing cards with his friends and he was not participating in the events, so there was no justification or reason to shot him.

Adham Anwar al-Sha’er said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: “At approximately 22:00 on Thursday, 01 October 2020, while I was sitting in Sebastia Caffe in al-Athar area, west of Sebastia, northwest of Nablus, and playing cards with 3 of my friends. I saw about 30 Israeli soldiers stationed 30 meters away from the caffe’s garden, but we did not care because we are accustomed to such incursions. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers who responded with rubber bullets and teargas canisters. During the clashes, my friends and I entered the caffe and continued our game. As soon as we stood up, an Israeli soldier targeted me with a live bullet in my left eye. After 2 minutes I lost my consciousness and woke up in the ambulance. I was taken to Rafidia Governmental Hospital where they told me that I lost my left eye. Lately, my family informed me that I was transferred to al-Najah Hospital in Nablus, and at approximately 10:00, on the next day I underwent a 3-hours surgery at al-Najah Hospital, and my left eye was removed. Later, I will have cosmetic operations in the removed eye”.

  • At approximately 02:30 on Friday, 02 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Khan Younis, south of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area and opened fire at them, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF stationed near the annexation wall, adjacent to Faroun village, south of Tulkarm, banned the entry of the Palestinian workers into Israel through one of the holes in the annexation wall, even if they had permits. Meanwhile, verbal altercation erupted between the workers and the Israeli soldiers; during which, the soldiers attacked the workers. As a result, Ra’fat Ghaleb Mansour (32), from Kafr Qalil, east of Nablus, sustained 2 fractures in his leg after an Israeli soldier severely pushed. Mansour was taken to Dr. Thabit Thabit Governmental Hospital in Tulkarm.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established on Kafr Qaddum village lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest where dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Meanwhile, IOF fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 13 civilians, including a child, were wounded. (PCHR keeps the names of the wounded civilians).
  • At approximately 17:10, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a, adjacent to the border fence with Israel. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 16:30 on Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established on Kafr Qaddum village lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest where dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Meanwhile, they fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, two civilians were shot with live bullets; one in the lower limbs and the other in the waist.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Fukhari village, adjacent to the border fence with Israel. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They were deployed in the village neighborhoods, where they established a temporary military checkpoint at the western entrance and searched the Palestinian vehicles. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers. IOF immediately moved into ‘ Obaid neighborhood from the western entrance and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at the demonstrators. The clashes continued for 2 hours. As a result, dozens of civilians suffered teargas inhalation. Also, Ahmed Haitham Mahmoud (19) and Lo’ay Ashraf Mahmoud (23) were arrested.
  • At approximately 21:00 on Sunday, 04 October 2020, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hizma village, north of occupied East Jerusalem, stationed at the city entrance and patrolled the streets. Dozens of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with live bullets and teargas canisters. As a result, Ameer Ghazi Salah al-Dein (16), was shot with a live bullet in his head and was taken with the PRC’s ambulance to one of the Ramallah’s hospitals. Medical sources described his health as critical due to a skull fracture. Lately, IOF withdrew from the village and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:30 on Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank, and stationed in Jabal Abu Thuhair and Khillat al-Suha, southeast of the village. Dozens of young men gathered and throw stones at the Israeli soldiers who responded with live bullets and teargas canisters. As a result, an 18-years-old civilian, from Khillat al-Suha, was shot with a live bullet in his pelvis and he was taken to Dr. Khalil Suliman Hospital. Many civilians suffered teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot. Before their withdrawal, IOF raided and searched Ahmed Khairy Khalaf’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:45 on Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara village, adjacent to the border fence with Israel. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 19:20, IOF stationed in a temporary military checkpoint established at the entrance of ‘Inab settlement, east of Tulkarm, fired several live bullets near the checkpoint. Later, the Israeli authorities announced in a statement that they monitored 3 Palestinian civilians throwing Molotov Cocktails at a military site in the area, and that IOF opened fire at them, targeting one of them. Israeli media stated that the wounded civilian was killed after being shot with a live bullet in his chest, and IOF kept his body in custody while and the two other civilians flee. The killed civilian was identified as Sameer Ahmed Hamidi (24), from Beit Lid, east of Tulkarm. Hamidi was a member in the Student Union Council in al-Khadouri University, and he was a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons, and was released 2 years ago. PCHR’s fieldworker said that the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) officially informed Hamidi’s family about the death of their son. Although there were no eyewitnesses present at the time of the incident to confirm or deny the Israeli account; IOF could have used less lethal force especially that the Israeli military sites are fortified, and there was no serious threat or danger even if the sites were targeted with Molotov cocktails.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya offshore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within (3-5 nautical miles) and opened fire at them causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 06:40 on Tuesday, 06 October 2020, IOF along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi refugee camp, opened fire at agricultural lands, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 09:20 on Tuesday, 06 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya offshore, west of Jabalia, and al-Waha, northwest of Beit Lahia, in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and sporadically opened fire at them, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00 on Wednesday, 07 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya offshore, west of Jabalia, and al-Waha, northwest of Beit Lahia, in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, opened heavy fire at them and fired sound bombs, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.

    II. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 01 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 4 civilians, including 2 children. The arrestees were identified as: Isma’il Sameer al-Fayoumi (17), ‘Odai Hussni al-Najjar (9), Moatasem Wael ‘Awadallah Zaydat (19), and Yazan Mahmoud al-Najjar (18).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Dhahiriya village in southern Hebron, where they raided and searched Ashraf Hussain Hasan Jabareen’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:10, IOF moved into Deir Abu Mash’al village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 2 civilians, including a child. The arrestees were identified as Sa’d Ahmed Salem (19) and Mansour Ahmed Mostafa ‘Ata (17).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Ashraf Khaled al-Hadra (22) and Baker ‘Emad al-Moghrabi (27) and withdrew later.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched 2 houses, from which they arrested Hamad Niam Ikhlayil (17) and Suliman Mohammed Abu Dayyiah (16), taking them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 02:10, IOF moved into Al-Mazra’a al-Sharqiya village in Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Sameh Hussain Shikha (27), Ja’far Suliman Abu ‘Aliyia (25) and Mohammed Jad Hussain Hifa (22).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed in al-Dahiyia area. They raided and searched Waheeb Hamdi Abu Hadeed’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Isawiya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched dozens of houses, from which they arrested 16 civilians, including 5 children, and withdrew later. (PCHR keeps the names of the arrestees).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested ‘Adnan Saier Abu Howila (19).
  • At approximately 04:25, IOF moved into Azzun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched two houses belonging to ‘Abed al-Shaheed Na’iem Zamari (21) and Sa’ied Ayoub Zamari (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Tammun village, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Ghazi Mostafa Basharat (28).
  • At approximately 05:50, IOF moved into Sanur village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 2 siblings identified as Mohammed (22) and Saif (24) Yousef Farouq al-‘Eisiyia.
  • At approximately 06:30, IOF backed by military vehicles moved 100 meters to the east of Khuzaʽa village, east of Khan Yunis. They leveled and combed lands that were previously leveled amidst Israeli sporadic shooting.  However, no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed ‘Emad Dari’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Wadi Al-Joz neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Hanadi Mohammed al-Helwani (42) and arrested her, taking her to a police station in the city. Few hours later, al-Helwani was released after threatening her to re-arrest her if she would not stop inciting against Israeli authorities and police on social media.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF stationed at Mavi Dotan checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Ahmed Salah Nazzal (24), from Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank.

IOF carried out (5) incursions in ‘Ein Yabrud village, north of Ramallah; Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus; Idhna village and Al-Arroub refugee camp; and Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 02 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Moatasem Abu al-Hawa (27) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Yatta village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched three houses belonging to Khaldoun ‘Ayed Shreteh, Nazieh Mahmoud Shreteh and Mohammed Mahmoud Shreteh and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:10, IOF moved into Beitunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Hasan Yousef Dawoud Darakhil’s (65) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Bireh city, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Nour Mohammed ‘Abed al-‘Aziz al-Qadi’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:20, IOF backed by 8 military vehicles moved 50-100 meters to the west of the border fence, east of Bureij refugee camp in the central of Gaza Strip. They leveled and combed lands and repaired the border barbed-wire fence. At approximately 09:30, IOF redeployed along the border fence.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF arrested Nehad Bader Zaghir (43), a former prisoner, while he was in al-Qataneen area in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and took him to a police station in the city. Few hours later, Zaghir was released.
  • At approximately 21:40, IOF arrested Saif Nader Ibrahim (15) and Wadee’ Qasem Shaheen (15) while they were near al-Anfaq military checkpoint, west of Beit Jala city, under the pretext of throwing a Molotov Cocktail at the checkpoint.
  • IOF carried out (7) incursions in Birzeit city, northwest of Ramallah; Zububa and Rummanah villages, west of Jenin; and Dur, Beit al-Rush, Tarrama and ‘Oyoun Abu Saif villages in Hebron.No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 03 October 2020

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Um al-Dalia area, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Sameeh Saleem Qafisha’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF arrested al-Aqsa Mosque’s guards Mohammed al-Shalalda and Ahmed al-Dalal while they were in their workplace in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, taking them to a police station in the city. The Islamic Endowment Department (Awqaf) stated that the Israeli police released the guards after interrogating them for several hours. The Islamic Endowment Department clarified that the police released the guards without any conditions. It added that the guards were arrested without any reasons. Al-Awqaf stated that IOF recently deported many guards and al-Awqaf employees from al-Aqsa Mosque; among them was Zeenat Abu Sobeih, Head of the Guards at Al-Aqsa Mosque.
  • IOF carried out (8) incursions in al-Bireh city, Al-Mazra’a al-Sharqiya and Abu_Shukheidim villages, north of Ramallah; Sebastia village, northwest of Nablus; Beit Kahil, Beit Ummar and ad-Dhahr villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 04 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Silwad village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mohanad Sameer al-Tawil (20), Jum’a Hasan Hammad (19), Handala Sameer Hammad (22), Mohammed Moneer Hammad (21), Sarhan Akram Hammad (20), ‘ADEL Maher Hammad (21), and Mo’min Haroun Hammad (20).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to ‘Ali Yousef Taqatqah (20) and ‘Adel Abu Ya’qoub Derieh (27) and arrested them. It should be noted that both of them were previously arrested by IOF.
  • At approximately 11:20, IOF who were patrolling at Yitzhar bypass road, southwest of Tell village, southwest of Nablus, arrested Kareem ‘Abed al-Men’iem Ramadan (35) while picking olive trees, under the pretext of a lack of necessary permission and coordination.
  • At approximately 14:00, Israeli drone sprayed agricultural lands with pesticides along the border fence, starting from eastern al-Qarara village towards al-Faraheen area in Abasan_al-Kabira, east of Khan Yunis. IOF claimed that they sprayed the agricultural lands to get rid of the weeds, and for security reasons. As a result, the Palestinian farmers’ crops sustained damage.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Montaser ‘Ali al-‘Ajlouni (21), from Hebron’s Old City, while passing on the closed Shuhada Street. He was taken to an investigation center in “Kiryat Arba” settlement”, east of Hebron.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Tamer ‘Azi al-Shawamrah (29), from Um al-Sharayet area, south of Ramallah, while passing through the checkpoint.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Far’un village and Kafa area, south of Tulkarm; Sa’ir and as-Samu villages in Hebron; and Deir al-Ghusun village, north of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 05 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Yatta, south of Hebron. They raided and searched ‘Esam Fayiz Hoshieh’s (55) house, locked his family members in one room, and arrested him along with his son Amjad (24) before their withdrawal.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank, and stationed in al-Hafiryat area, east of the city. They raided and searched ‘Izz al-Deen Jamal Dowikat’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Fawzi ‘Obaid (23) and Mohammed Marwan ‘Obaid (20) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed in Jabal Jouhar area. They raided and searched Ayman Riyad al-Ja’bari’s (40) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank, and stationed in Jabal Abu Dahir area. They raided and searched Ahmed Khairy Suliman Khalaf’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:50, IOF moved into Beitunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mohammed Qart’s (21) house and arrested him. IOF also confiscated his motorcycle.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Jab’ village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Fayiz Hamdan Salatna (19) and ‘Eid Mohammed ‘Eid Hamamrah (20) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed ‘Emad Thawabta (22) and ‘Abed al-Raheem Subhi al-Kar (24) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 4 civilians, including 2 siblings and their uncle. The arrestees were identified as ‘Abdullah Bader Abu ‘Asab (19), Eyad Mostafa al-Asmar (37) and Mousa (19) and Mohammed (17) Hitham al-Asmar.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed at al-Jalma military checkpoint, north of Jenin, arrested Fadi Samer Zakarna (19), from Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Ghadeb ‘Obaid (31) and Moatasem Hamza ‘Obaid (18) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF arrested Waheeb Abu al-Humus (26) while he was in front of his house in Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 22:30, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Hasheem’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Dura city, Fawwar refugee camp, Beit Ummar village in Hebron; and Far’un and Beit Lid villages, south of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported. Also, IOF fired flare bombs during their incursions.

Tuesday, 06 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched ‘Othman Mostafa al-Ja’bari’s (39) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Dura City, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in Qarwash area. They raided and searched Mohammed ‘Amer Gazzaz’s (23) house and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested 6 civilians, including a child, and took them to a police station in the city. The arrestees were identified as Mohammed Ibrahim ‘Obaid (19), Tareq Mousa ‘Obaid (20), Reda Mohammed ‘Obaid (16), Majd Basheer Ahmed (22), Mohammed Thaier Mahmoud (20), and Mohammed Mahmoud Mahmoud (19).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed ‘Emad al-Badawi’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Hejjra village, east of Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Ghassan Ibrahim Masharqah’s (33) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into Ramallah, where they raided and searched Sufian Bassam Meqdad’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into ad-Dhahiriya village, south of Hebron, and stationed Wadi al-Ghamari neighborhood. They raided and searched ‘Ahed ‘Ali al-‘Aqabi’s (39) house and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched ‘Abed al-Rahman Ayman al-Bashiti’s (16) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF arrested Deputy of Fatah Movement Secretary, Yaser Hasan Darwish (39), while he was in Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Aqabat Jaber refugee camp; Tulkarm City; and Ash-Shuyukh and Sa’ir villages. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 07 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beita village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Qassam ‘Enad al-Jaghoub’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Aida Camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched People’s Committee Office after blowing up its doors. Head of People’s Committee for Services, Sa’eed al-‘Izzah, said that IOF deliberately damaged the office in addition to nearby houses within terror campaigns. He clarified that IOF damaged and blew up the People’s Committee office doors before storming it. They also damaged a number of nearby houses. Al-‘Izzah pointed out that the the People’s Committee office belongs to the Refugee Affairs Department and works to serve the camp residents and provides humanitarian services for them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Yatta city, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Husam Tayseer Rab’i’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched ‘Ali Baheej Bassa’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Hashimia village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched Hassan Nayif Mohammed Jarar’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:45. IOF moved into Qusra village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Waleed Tawfiq Salama (22) and Ibrahim Yousef Darwih (24).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mo’min Ahmed Mostafa Saba’nah’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched Bashar ‘Abed al-‘Aleem Da’na’s (37) house and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF raided al-Jamla school for boys, which is located in Wa’ret al-Erfan area in northern Jenin. IOF detained the teachers and the school guard’s IDs. They then raided the headmaster room, opened the digital video recorder (DVR), copied all material from it.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested ‘Emad Ahmed Jadallah (35), from Tarrama village, south of Dura City, southwest of Hebron, after he headed for investigation in the Israeli Intelligence Services (Shabak) in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem. The Israeli Intelligence Services summoned Jadallah via a phone call, and he was taken to a detention center in the settlement.
  • At approximately 15:15, IOF stationed adjacent to Zikim military base along the coastal border fence of the northern Gaza Strip, arrested ‘Izz al-Deen Sa’ieed Slman Abu Qeleeq (16), from the Bedouin village. Abu Qeleeq sneaked into the Israel via the border fence. Two hours later, IOF released him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Kafr Qaddum village, east of Qalqilya; and Yatta, as-Samu and al-Sima villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • At approximately 12:00 on Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF moved into Furush Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus in Jordan’s northern valleys, north of the West Bank. They headed towards a bulldozer that was excavating a water tank for irrigating crops in a plot of land belonging to Thabet Mohammed Redwan Thabet, from Beit Dajan village. IOF ordered the bulldozer’s owner to halt working, checked the ID cards of him, the land’s owner and his friend and questioned them for 2 hours. After that, IOF confiscated the bulldozer, which is owned by Harbi Abu Dahilah, from Jiftlik village in Jordan’s northern valleys and took it to an unknown destination under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • On Sunday, 04 October 2020, Othmaniya Mohammed Othman, from Kafr ad-Dik village, west of Salfit, learnt that Israeli settlers attacked her land and cut olive trees with electric saw in Khaneq al-Kuhul area.

Her son, Mansour Nasser Mansour (39) said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

” on Sunday morning, my father went to his land like other farmers who did the same to harvest their olive trees. My mother inherited this land from my grandfather. My father noticed that the olive trees were cut recently as they went to the land on 29 September 2020, and there was no attack on the land. It should be noted that Israeli settlers attacked a land of our neighbor, Abed Suleiman Ali Ahmed.”

  • At approximately 15:00 on Wednesday, 07 October 2020, Israeli settlers from “ Leshem” settlement established on Palestinians’ lands in Deir Ballut, west of Salfit, set fir on a land called “Ereq al-Tout”, east of the village. As a result, 50 olive trees in a plot of land owned by Yusuf, Mustfa, and Eftaih Abdullah, from Deir Balمut village, were burnt.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

IOF declared closing the West Bank and Gaza Strip crossings on Friday, 02 October 2020, and Saturday, 03 October 2020, due to Jewish holiday of “Sukkot.”

The Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories said that West Bank crossings will be closed during the abovementioned days, except for the following crossings: Barta’a checkpoint, Nabi Ilyas checkpoint for residents in seam points, and Ni’lin checkpoint, which will be opened and operated as usual on Fridays.

The coordinator added that Beit Hanmoun “Erez” crossing will be partially opened for humanitarian and “lifesaving” cases during certain work hours, while the goods’ crossing “Kerem Shalom” will be closed.

Furthermore, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 68 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 3 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, tightened the closure imposed on al-Aqsa Mosque and occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and intensified the military checkpoints at al-Aqsa Mosque gates and in its vicinity and in its alleys due to the Jewish holiday of “Sukkot”, which        starts in the evening hours of the same day and ends after a week.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF established5 checkpoints at the western and northern entrances to Tuqu village, the entrance to Beit Fajjar and Husan villages, Aqabet Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Tuqu, Beit Fajjar, and Jannata villages, and Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem and near al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Tuqu, Beit Fajjar, Marah Rabah and Husan villages.
  • On Sunday, 04 October 2020, IOF established 6 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Jala. Western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the entrances to Tuqu and al-Khader villages, the entrance to Al Jab’a village, and near al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrance to Beit Jala, Tuqu, Marah Rabah villages, Aqabat Hasnah area, leading to villages west of Bethlehem, near al-Nashash area, south of the city.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint between Ein Yabrud, and Dura al-Qar’ villages, north of Ramallah.
  • On Friday, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Jalazone refugee camp, northwest of Ramallah.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Abu Masha’al village, northwest of Ramallah.
  • On Tuesday, 06 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Nabi Salih village, west of Ramallah.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: Ash-Shuyukh, Karma, and Bani Na’im villages.
  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Hebron’s western entrance, and al-Fahes Road, south of Hebron.
  • on Sunday, 04 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Einun, Idhna, Beit Ummar, and as-Samu.
  • On Monday 05 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Bani Na’im, and Beit Ummar villages, and Wadi Risha road, west of Idhna village.
  • On Wednesday, -7 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the western entrance to Hebron, Beit Awwa, Kharsa villages and al- Arroub  refugee camp.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of ” Shavei Shomron” settlement (on Nablus – Tulkarm main road), west of Nablus.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Sharaf village ( linking between Tulkarm and Nablus), west of Nablus. IOF also closed the road linking between Qusra and Jalud villages, southeast of Nablus, with sand barriers  using a bulldozer.

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin.
  • On Sunday, 04 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection to Arraba village, southwest of Jenin.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ti’inik village, southwest of Jenin.
  • On Tuesday, 06 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Ti’inik village, southwest of Jenin, and the entrance to Arraba village, northeast if Jenin.

Salfit:

  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the western entrance to Kafr ad-Dik village, west of Salfit.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Istiya and Hares villages, north of Salfit.
  • On Tuesday, 06 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the eastern entrance to Salfit, the western entrance to Kafr ad-Dik village, eastern entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya and the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya, Azzun, and Izbat al-Tabib villages, east of Qalqilya.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Al-Auja village, west of Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Al-Auja village, west of Jericho.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (24– 30 September 2020)

Source

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (24– 30 September 2020)

24 – 30 September 2020

  • 17 Palestinian civilians, including a child and a journalist, wounded in IOF excessive use of force:
  • 11 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya; 2 others in Ramallah; 3, including a journalist, in Nablus; and a child in Hebron.
  • Israeli naval forces drown and damage 3 Palestinian boats;
  • 2 shootings reported eastern Gaza Strip;
  • In 62 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 49 civilians arrested, including 7 children, a woman, and a person with disability;
  • West Bank: IOF demolished 4 houses, 3 residential tents, and 7 barracks; 3 dunums razed and lands confiscated;
  • Palestine TV denied from covering demolition in Tubas, and its broadcast vehicle confiscated;
  • Settler-attacks: 50 olive trees burned; 2 farms attacked in Nablus and Bethlehem;
  • IOF established 54 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 8 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks rendered 9 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force, including a child and a journalist in the West Bank. IOF also continued its policy of demolishing and destroying Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes.

In another evidence of the systematic Israeli policy against press crews, and Palestinian and international media agencies operating in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), IOF confiscated Palestine TV vehicle and handed its driver a confiscation warrant, under the pretext that the vehicle and Palestine TV its staff were present in a closed military zone in Jordan Valley, east of Tubas, to obstruct their work and prevent them from revealing the truth about Israeli violations. PCHR considers these violations part of a well-planned scheme to isolate the oPt from the rest of the world and to eliminate stories about IOF crimes against Palestinian civilians in the oPt.

This week, PCHR documented 35 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 9 civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank; 11 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya; 2 others in Ramallah; 3, including a journalist, in Nablus; and a child in Hebron.

In the Gaza Strip, 2 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip. Israeli naval forces drowned and damaged 3 Palestinian boats.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 62 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 49 Palestinians were arrested, including 7 children, a woman and a person with disability. In Gaza, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Rafah.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 9 violations, including:

  • Bethlehem: 3 residential tents and 5 barracks demolished; 3 dunums razed;
  • Hebron: 3 houses served cease-construction notices, concrete pump and cement mixer confiscated; and 2 houses (built of bricks and tin-plates) demolished;
  • Tubas: 1639 sqm confiscated; 2 houses demolished in the Northern Valley; and 2 cars confiscated, including Palestine TV’s car.
  • Nablus: tin-plated barracks demolished;
  • Jericho: barracks demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 2 attacks: 50 Perennial olive trees burned, southern Bethlehem; and two poultry farms assaulted with stones and sharp tool, one in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Also, internal restrictions continued in the Gaza Strip for the fifth consecutive week to contain the outbreak of coronavirus, after coronavirus cases were confirmed outside the quarantine centers in the Gaza Strip. As a result, the suffering of Gaza Strip population has increased especially in terms of health and the economy.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

        I. IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

  • At approximately 00:00 on Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF stationed near Tal al-‘Asur street adjacent to the entrance of Kafr Malek village, west of Ramallah governorate, opened fire at a Palestinian vehicle while entering the abovementioned village. As a result, Mahmoud Farouq Ba’irat (18), was hit with a live bullet to his leg; and Jehad Fahed Ba’irat (19), was hit with a live bullet in his shoulder. Meanwhile, IOF prevented the access of the Palestinian Red Crescent’s medical personnel to the scene and took the two injured Palestinians to an Israeli hospital. IOF called the families of both Mahmoud and Jihad Ba’irat and informed them that their sons went into surgery at “Shaare Zedek” Medical Center in Israel. They told them that their health was stable, and that their detention was extended pending investigation, claiming that they threw Molotov cocktails at IOF.
  • At approximately 03:15, IOF moved into Ein al-Sultan refugee camp, in the central Jericho governorate. Dozens of young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers who responded by firing sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. The clashes continued for about an hour and half, and no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:30 on Friday, 25 September 2020, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuzaa and al-Qarara, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 10:30, Nablus residents with the participation of the Factions of National Action in Nablus gathered in front of al-Abrar Mosque in Asira al-Qibliya, southeast of Nablus to hold a peaceful protest that was occurred heading to the Khilat al-Sakhra area, east of Nablus. The protestors raised the Palestinian flags and sang against the occupation, annexation and the Deal of the Century. As soon as they arrived, they found a large number of the Israeli soldiers are waiting for them, they suppressed the protest and fired live bullets, rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters against the peaceful protestors. As a result, three civilians were injured including the journalist Naser Suliman Shtayyeh (49), working at Flasha Agency, hit with a teargas canister to his back and treated in the spot; and the two other injuries were a 35-year-old man who was hit with a tear gas canister to his face, and the other one (25), was hit with a rubber bullet to his leg.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 7 civilians were shot with direct rubber bullets and sound bombs; two to the head, one in the chest, one in the hand, one in the back and the rest sustained rubber bullets in the limbs.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Saturday, 26 September 2020, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall between the Gaza Strip and Israel, opened fire at agricultural lands and Palestinian shepherds, east of al-Shawka, east of Rafah. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 15:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered at Bab al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada’a closed street. A number of Israeli soldiers fired sound bombs, live bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers and chased them. Resulted in a number of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation and forced the owners of the stores to close their stores.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians, including a child, were shot with rubber bullets in their limbs, and one was hit in his back.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Sunday, 27 September 2020, an Israeli infantry unit coming from “Karmei Tzur” settlement, stormed al-Thuhr neighborhood, south of Beit Ummar, and deployed between civilians’ houses. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with sound bombs, rubber bullets and teargas canisters against the stone-throwers. As a result, IOF withdrew at approximately 19:00, leaving a number of Palestinian civilians suffering teargas inhalation, and no incursions or arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 19:00 on Monday, 28 September 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed at sea off al-Soudaniya area, in western Jabaliya, opened fire and water pumped Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 5-6 nautical miles. As a result, 3 fishing boats were severely damaged and sank, and no injuries were reported. The 3 fishing boats belonged to fishermen from al-Shati’ refugee camp, west of the Gaza Strip. Following are the details:
  1. Boat belonging to Ali Nafiz Salah (34), a boat used for lighting, fishermen were able to retrieve the boat later; 27 boat lights and a generator were lost.
  2. Boat belonging to Adel Sa’eed Abu Riyala (47), whose boat sank and was not found.
  3. 10 boat lights damaged; the boat belongs to Mahmoud Khalil Abu Riyala (34).
  • At approximately 07:15 on Tuesday, 29 September 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahiya in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and intermittently opened fire at them, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They deployed between civilians’ houses, established checkpoints at the village’s entrances and closed the village. IOF searched the vehicles and ID cards of Palestinians before letting them leave the village. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber and live bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. The clashes continued for over than 3 hours and resulted in dozens of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation, and Younis Sufian Obaid (17), and Mohammed Wael Obaid (23), were arrested.
  • At approximately 19:30 on Wednesday, 30 September 2020, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Surif, west of Hebron, and stationed in al-Qrinat area, and deployed between civilians’ houses. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. As a result, a 16-year-old child was shot in his chest and he was referred to the PRC in Hebron by an ambulance. Medical sources described his health condition as moderate. No arrests were reported.

       II. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 24 September 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Bab Huta neighborhood, one of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City neighborhoods. They raided and searched Sufiyan al-‘Ajouni’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF raided ‘Adnan Yousef Mostafa Jaradat’s (53) house located at the entrance to Silat_al-Harithiya village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. IOF ordered ‘Adnan to bring all his money before searching the house. ‘Adnan’s wife, Salam Burhan Jaber, brought NIS 6400 and gave them to the Israeli officer.  After that, IOF were deployed in the house as a prelude to search it. Before their withdrawal, IOF wrote on a paper the value of the confiscated money, ordered ‘Adnan to sign on the paper and handed it to him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar  village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched ‘Abdullah Ibrahim Abu Mariyia’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah, where they raided and searched Mostafa Jamal al-Remhi’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ashraf ‘Abdullah al-Masry (43) and Mohammed Ashraf Abu al-Humus (21) and arrested both of them.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF arrested Ahmed Yaser al-Razem (24) and Mohammed Khaled Hazinah (23) while they were near Bab Huta Gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, and took them to a police station in the Old City.
  • At approximately 21:30, IOF arrested Yousef Ya’qoub al-Rashq (20) while he was near Bab Huta Gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, and took him to a police station in the Old City.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Yousef ‘Ali al-Kaswani (22) and arrested him. It should be noted that al-Kaswani was arrested 3 times during the past 6 months; latest of which was a week ago. Al-Kaswai has been placed under house arrest for 3 months.
  • IOF carried out (7) incursions in Zububa village, west of Jenin; Anabta village, east of Tulkarm; Kafr Qaddum village, east of Qalqilya; and Yatta, Beit Awwa, Sa’ir, and Hadab villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 25 September 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. IOF raided and searched Yazan Jamal ‘Atallah’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Shuyukh al-Arrub village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Kamal ‘Awidat’s ( 29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF moved into al-Sa’diyia neighborhood, one of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City neighborhoods. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Nehad Bader Younis Zaghir (42), and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:20, IOF stationed at a temporary checkpoint established at the entrance to ‘Anin village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank, arrested Yousef al-Shami (26), from Jenin camp, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF arrested Basem Mohammed ‘Asaliyia (46) and his son Malek (19) after severely beating them while they were near Alsilsila Gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates. They were then taken to a police station in the city.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Far’un village, east of Tulkarm; and Halhul city and Hebron city in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 26 September 2020

  • At approximately 12:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Mobtasem ‘Obaid (20) while he was at the eastern entrance to Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF stationed near the annexation wall in al-Dahra area, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank, arrested 3 children, including 2 siblings, and took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Mostafa (13) and Mohammed (12) Yousef ‘Asa’d Khalil Yaseen, and Mohammed Ayman Khalil Yaseen (13).

Sunday, 27 September 2020

  • At approximately 13:00 on Sunday, 27 September 2020, the two children Saied Mohammed al-A’war (17) and Mohamed Subhi Zaloum (17) surrounded themselves to the Moscovia Prison in West Jerusalem, in order to complete their trial procedures after they were placed under 5-month actual and house arrest, in addition to deporting them away from their house located in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.  It should be noted that al-A’war and   Zaloum surrounded themselves as a prelude to take them to Damon Prison until issuing a sentence against them. Both of them were accused of throwing Molotov cocktails at a bus carrying settlers. The two children were arrested on 05 April 2020 after raiding their houses in Silwan village. They were taken and interrogated in Ashkelon prison for 22 days; during which they were beaten, caused and shackled (shabeh) for several hours. After that, they were transferred to Megiddo Prison and then to  Damon Prison. The court extended their arrest until issuing the indictment. Al-A’war and Zaloum’s lawyer, Mohammed Mahmoud, submitted applications to the District Court, calling for releasing them and placing them under a house arrest, but the court refused his request. The lawyer filed an appeal to the Israeli Supreme Court and managed to release them on parole on 06 April 2020.

Monday, 28 September 2020

  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Husan village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Mahmoud ‘Atiyia Shosha’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.  They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, ‘Emad al-Deen Khalil ‘Abisan (33) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF who were patrolling near “Elon Moreh“ settlement, which is established on Beit Furik, Deir al-Hatab and Salem villages lands, northeast of Nablus, arrested 4 civilians. IOF claimed that those civilians had Molotov cocktails. It turned out later that the arrestees are from Ein Beit al-Ma’ refugee camp, west of Nablus, and IOF took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Mohammed Eyad Hamdi (18), Kareem Shaheen (19). Mohammed Akram Hamdi (19), and Mohammed Jalal Abu al-Reesh (18).
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Dura city, Beit Ula, al-Hadab and Beit ‘Amra villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 29 September 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed ‘Emad al-Badawi’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF stationed at Jit village intersection, north of Qalqilya, arrested ‘Alaa Hussam Nassar (20), from Anabta village, east of Tubas, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Qusai ‘Abed ‘Olayan (22), Mohammed Mousa Mostafa (19) and Yunis Wesam Abu al-Humus (18).
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into al-Salam suburb in Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hazem Ayman al-Tamimi’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Khalil Mohammed ‘Abed al-Latif’s (45) shop and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF stationed at Deir Ballut intersection, west of Salfit, arrested Mo’taz Mousa Hussain Bari (22), from Immatain village in eastern Qalqilya, while heading to his workplace in Israel.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Immatain village in eastern Qalqilyia. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mousa Hussain Bari (49) and Mo’az Ibrahim Yamen (20) and arrested them.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Far’un village, east of Qalqilya; and Sa’ir, Imreish, Ash-Shuyukh, and Beit Einun villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 30 September 2020

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested 2 civilians; one of them was with disability while the other was a child. The arrestees were identified as Aows Mousa al-Salibi (20), a person with disability, and Obai Yousef Abu Mariyia (16).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Idna village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Shadi Hasan al-Batran’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 3 civilians, including a child. The arrestees were identified as Hamza Khowis (18), Ayham Abu Jum’a (16) and Mohammed Abu Ghannam (22).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested ‘Ali Mousa al-‘Ajouri (21) and Saif Majed al-‘Ajouri (18).
  • At approximately 11:30, IOF moved into Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Shadi ‘Abdullah al-Motawer (43), Fatah Movement Secretary, and arrested him. It should be noted that al-Motawer was deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for several months, and he is exposed to ongoing harassments by Israeli Intelligence Service; last of which was in mid-September 2020. Also, al-Motawer’s wife was deported to the West bank and her residency was withdrawn.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Wednesday, 30 September 2020, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, where they raided and searched ‘Ayida Mohammed al-Sedawi’s (60) house and arrested her.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Jalazone refugee camp, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 2 siblings identified as Ahmed (24) and Yaseen (26) Mohammed al-‘Araishi.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • At approximately 07:00 on Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF demolished 3 residential tents  and 5 barracks to graze sheep in Kisan village, east of Bethlehem, under the pretext of  building without licensing. Ahmed Ghazal, Head of Kisan Village’s Council, said that IOF stormed Tina area, east of Kisan village, completely closed it, and prevented civilians from entering or leaving the village. He added that IOF bulldozers also demolished 5 barracks and 3 tents owned by Saleh Ahmed Obayat, Issa Abdullah Ghazal, and Salah Ahmed Obayat.
  • At approximately 10:00 on the same Thursday, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles accompanied with Civil Administration officers stormed Masafer Yatta area, south of Hebron and stationed in Ma’in area. Israeli authorities handed civilians 3 notices to halt construction in their houses under the pretext of building without licensing. Following are details of the notices:
  1. An under-construction house built on (100sqm); property of Issa Jamal Hamamdah.
  2. An under-construction house built on (110sqm); property of Ibrahim Mohammed Dababsa.
  3. An under-construction house built on (90sqm); property of Ibrahim Shehadah No’man.
  • On the same day, IOF issued a military order No. (20/12/H) to confiscate a 1,639 square meters from a land owned by Adnan Mustafa Amin Daraghmah in Kherbat Ghazal area in Jordan’s northern valleys to expand a water pumping station from an artesian water well feeding Israeli settlements and  military camps.
  • At approximately 11:30 on Saturday, 26 September 2020, IOF backed by 2 military construction vehicles accompanied with Civil Administration officers stormed al-Khaldiyah area, east of Yatta area, south of Hebron. The soldiers raided a construction site and Israeli authorities prevented a concrete pump and mixer from reaching the site, detained them for a short time before confiscating them under the pretext of illegal work in Area (C).
  • At approximately 10:20 on Tuesday, 29 September 2020, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle and 2 bulldozers stormed Kherbat Yarza in Jordan’s northern valleys, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF demolished 2 houses built on (60sqm) owned by Hafeth and Rami Nai, Hafeth Masaeed under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). IOF also prevented Palestine TV Satellite crews from covering the incidents and confiscated their vehicle.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 10:20, on Monday, 29 September 2020, the Palestine TV reporter in Tubas, Ameer Shaheen, headed to Kherbet Yerza in northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas, to cover the demolition of two houses by IOF. The reporter arrived at the area in a Palestine TV vehicle, driven by Suliman Hejjeh (34). Upon their arrival, the two journalists saw an SUV of the Israeli Civil Administration present in the area to secure the demolition of two houses by Israeli bulldozers. Shaheen stepped out of the vehicle, 500 meters away from the two houses, and started to photograph the demolition. Meanwhile, Hejjeh said that: “Five minutes after our arrival, an Israeli liaison officer came and asked for my ID card and I gave it to him. He took it to another officer and then returned and told me to take everything from the vehicle because he would confiscate under the pretext of being in a closed military zone. They confiscated the vehicle and took it to an unknown destination after allowing us to take our belongings from it. The officers handed me a confiscation warrant.” Hejjeh added that his colleague Shaheen continued to photograph the demolition for half an hour until it was over. He called Tubas Governor and told him about the incident. The Governor sent a taxi for them to take them to Palestine TV office in Tubas.

  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stormed al-Baqi’ah hell in Jordan’s northern valleys, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF confiscated a vehicle owned by Yusuf Qasem Mohammed Abu Arrah, a farmer, and handed him a paper of the confiscation decision.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration bulldozer stormed al-Sababah area, east of Howarah area, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. The bulldozer demolished a barrack built of zinco sheets on (120sqm) owned by Jamil Jamal Khader, from Howara village. Khader  built  the barrack 3 months ago and cost him NIS 20,000 to use it as a car wash, but he was surprised  of a notice fixed on the barrack’s walls by IOF 4 days ago to demolish it within 96 hours under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • At approximately 08:00 on Wednesday, 30 September 2020, IOF uprooted dozens of olive trees after they leveled a land in Husan village, west of Bethlehem and demolished a pergola and pertaining walls.

Mohammed Sibatin, Head of Husan Village Council, said that IOF uprooted dozens of olive trees after leveling lands (estimated of 3 dunums) of many farmers in Kherbat Hammoudah, west of the village. Sibatin emphasized that IOF demolished pertaining walls and a pergola that was used as a store and implanting owned by Adel Sa’di Shushah under the pretext that these lands are under the Israeli full control and no one is allowed to enter them or prepare them. Sibatin also said that Israeli soldiers lately escalated their military measures against Palestinian farmers in the abovementioned area as they prevented them from approaching their lands adjacent to “Beitar Illit” settlement established on civilian’s lands, west of Bethlehem.

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles accompanied with Civil Administration officers, a bulldozer, and a digger stormed Shi’b al Batin in al-Masafer area, southeast of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed between civilians’ houses while the bulldozer demolished 2 houses built of tin plates under the pretext of building without a license. The demolition included the following:
FacilityDistanceDescriptionConstruction yearOwnerIndividuals
Residential house50sqmBricks and tin plates2011Mohammed Ishaq Mahmoud Jabrin11
Residential house50sqmBricks and tin plates2011Mousa Ishaq Mahmoud Jabrin3
tent20sqmShader and pipes2015Mousa Ishaq Mahmoud Jabrin3
  • At the same time, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle ( bulldozer) stormed Jiftlik village, north of Jericho, north of the West Bank. The bulldozer demolished a barrack built of zinco sheets on (100m)owned by Hasan Salem Mousa al-Ka’abnah, from Jiftlik village. Al-Ka’abnah used part of the barrack as a home for him and his family comprised of 10 individuals, most of them are children, and the other part as animals’ barn. The demolition came under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and their Property

  • On Friday, 25 September 2020, Israeli settlers burnt 50 olive trees in Wadi al-Shami area, southwest of al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. Mohammed Brijiyah, Head of Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission said that Israeli settlers from “Neve Daniel” settlement established on lands of al-Khader village, burnt 50 olive trees implanted for more than 20 years in Wadi al-Sham area, southwest of al-Khader village, owned by Amin Khader Salah.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Saturday, 26 September 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from the group of “Paying the Price”, from Esh Kodesh settlement outpost, southeast of Nablus, attacked Ras al-Nakhel area, east of Qasrah village, adjacent to the abovementioned The settlers attacked 2 poultry farms, one of them is owned by Fadi Awatlah and Adli Mohammed Rezeq and the other is owned by Abdul Haki, al-Wadin using stones and sharp tools. The settlers  punctured the water tanks feeding the land with sharp tools, damaged electricity panels, water and cooling pumps,  and  sat fire into a land owned by Adli Mohammed Rezeq, as a tractor and an illegal car were completely burnt before civilians gathered and  extinguished the fire. In the meantime, clashes erupted between settlers and civilians and Israeli soldiers intervened in favor of the settlers and protected them and took them back to the settlement outpost. Clashes between Israeli soldiers and civilians continued during which the soldiers fired tear gas canisters. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.

        IV. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

IOF declared closing the West Bank and Gaza Strip crossings on Sunday, 27 September 2020, and Monday, 28 September 2020, due to Jewish holiday of “Yom Kippur.”

The Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories said that West Bank crossings will be closed during the abovementioned days, except for the following crossings: al-Zaytoun crossing, Checkpoint 300/Bethlehem Road, Qalandiya Checkpoint in Jerusalem Suburbs, Barta’a checkpoint, Nabi Ilyas checkpoint for residents in seam points. The Coordinator added that these crossings will work on a limited  scope for humanitarian and urgent cases and for specific groups of people, who can enter Israel through their permits.

In the Gaza Strip, Israeli authorities declared that only humanitarian  and life-saving cases will be allowed to travel through Beit Hanou “Erez” crossing, while Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum)  will be closed.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 54 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 8 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF established metal detector gates, and put cement cubes at the entrances to Arab neighborhoods in occupied East Jerusalem and completely closed them, obstructing the traffic movement in all neighborhoods. This was coincided with Israel’s celebration of Jewish holiday of “Yom Kippur”, in which it is prohibited to use vehicles and all kinds of transportations until late hour on the next day evening. It should be noted that the Israeli government declared  on 22 September 2020, imposing a wide-scale lockdown that included several sectors, coinciding with the widespread of coronavirus  as they impose huge fines on occupied East Jerusalem’s residents who move about 1000 meter away from their houses or leave their house to do their business without a permit.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to ‘Atara village’s bridge, Silwad, and Ein Yabrud villages, in Ramallah.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Tuqu village, the entrance to Nahalin village, Aqabet Hasanah area leading to villages, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 25 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to  al-Khader, Bet Fajjar, and Nahalin villages, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 26 September 2020, IOF completely closed military Checkpoint (300), north of Bethlehem” in front of civilians’ movement and tightened their measures at “al-Nafaq” and al-Container checkpoints. IOF also  established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Fajjar, Tuqu, Nahalin, and Marah Rabah villages, near al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF established 6 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Fajjar and Tuqu villages, the entrances to Nahalin, Ash-Shawawra, and Marah Rabah villages,  and near al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 26 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Tuqu village, and near al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 29 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Jala, Beit Fajjar, Tuqu, and al-Kahder villages.
  • On Wednesday, 30 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, and Aqabet Hassnah leading to villages west of Bethlehem.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: Beit Awwa village, Hebron’s southern entrance, and Kharsa village
  • On Friday, 25 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Jalajel and Beit villages, Hebron’s western entrance, and ad-Dhahiriya village.
  • On Saturday, 26 September 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Awwa village, al-Fawar refugee camp, Hebron’s western and eastern entrances, and Bani Na’im village.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF closed al-Ibrahim Mosque in the center of Hebron’s Old City and prevented Palestinian civilians from approaching it or performing prayers in it. Israeli authorities claimed that the closure was due to “Simchat Torah”
  • On Monday, 26 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to as-Samu villages, and Al-Arroub refugee camp.
  • On Tuesday, 29 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Kharsa village, and Beit Ummar village.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF established2 checkpoints at the entrance to Beita village, branching from Nablus-Ramallah street, at intersections of Sarra village, branching from Nablus-Qalqilya street, southwest of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Qabalan village, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Monday, 28 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint near the intersection of Deir Sharaf village (on Nablus – Tulkarm main road), west of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin.

Salfit:

  • on Saturday, 27 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Monday, 28 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kafr al-Deek village, west of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • on Saturday, 27 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kafr Laqif village, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Tuesday, 29 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.

Tulkarm:

  • On Monday, 28 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrances to Saffarin village, southeast of Tulkarm.
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