قسماً بالنازلات الماحقات…‏ وعقدنا العزم أن تحيا الجزائر…‏

محمد صادق الحسيني

بالأمس سقطت المدنية الغربية بنسختها الفرنسية أمام أقدام ونعال الجزائريين النبلاء الأحرار، فيما علا جبين أهل الحق حتى السماء وهم يستقبلون بعض رفات أنبل البشر…!

تحية تليق ببطولات الشعب الجزائري البطل، نطلقها لهذا الشعب العظيم، في الذكرى الثامنة والخمسين لاستقلال الجزائر، التي تصادف يوم أمس، الخامس من شهر تموز سنة 1962.

تحية إكبار وإجلال لارواح ستة ملايين ونصف المليون شهيد، من أبناء الشعب الجزائري، ارتقوا شهداء على أيدي الوحوش الاستعمارية الفرنسية، بين عام 1830 وحتى استقلال الجزائر عام 1962. بشهداء الجزائر، الذين حاربوا الاستعمار الفرنسي وتصدوا له، والذين لم يكونوا مليوناً ونصف مليون من الشهداء فقط، وذلك لأن هؤلاء هم من استشهدوا خلال الثورة الجزائرية المعاصرة، التي امتدت من سنة 1954 وحتى الاستقلال سنة 1962. لذلك فلا بد من اضافة خمسة ملايين شهيد جزائري قتلتهم قوات الجيش الاستعماريّ الفرنسيّ من العام 1830 وحتى العام 1954…!

هذا الجيش الذي كان ولا زال يشكل الأب الروحي لكل من أتى بعده من تنظيمات عسكرية مسلحة، بدءاً من نظام پول بوت في كمبوديا – المستعمرة الفرنسية السابقة، حيث قتل تلميذ الجيش الفرنسي هذا، پول بوت، ما يزيد على ثلاثة ملايين من الشعب الكمبودي المسالم في سبعينيات القرن الماضي، وذلك بقطع رؤوسهم ووسائل أخرى.

ولا بد أن الجميع لا يزال يذكر جرائم عصابات داعش، التي أدارها الاستعمار الغربي بكل مكوناته، والتي مارست سياسة قطع الرؤوس على نطاق واسع، سواء في سورية او العراق او ليبيا. ولا زالت تقوم بذلك حالياً.

لذا فإن من الضروري جداً وفي يوم استقلال الجزائر واستعادة الدولة الجزائرية، وجيشها الوطني البطل، رفات أربعة وعشرين من قادة مقاومة الاحتلال الفرنسي الأوائل، والذين كان الجيش الفرنسي «الحضاري» قد قطع رؤوسهم وسرقها وذهب بها الى فرنسا، بعد أن أحرق جثثها في الجزائر.

ولا بد هنا من الإشارة الى أن مجموع هذه الجماجم الشهيرة، التي سرقها الجيش الفرنسي ونقلها الى فرنسا، يبلغ 536 جمجمة، تضعها السلطات الفرنسية في صالات عرض لما يسمّى بـ «متحف الإنسان» في باريس، منذ ما يزيد على 170 سنة.

فهل هناك جريمة ضد الانسانية اكثر بشاعةً من هذه الجريمة!؟

ألا يجب على العالم كله أن يحاكم كل من تولى السلطة في فرنسا، منذ بدء استعمارها للجزائر وحتى اليوم، بتهمة ارتكاب هذه الجرائم بدايةً والسكوت عليها لاحقاً والاستمرار في سرقة رفات هؤلاء المجاهدين الذين لم يقوموا إلا بما قام به المواطن الفرنسي، ابان الاحتلال النازي لفرنسا: مقاومة الاحتلال…؟

علماً أن الاحتلال النازي لم يرتكب مثل هذه الفظائع، في فرنسا، كما أن داعش لم يصل الى مستوى هذا الإجرام، الذي وصل اليه قادة فرنسا السياسيون والعسكريون. هؤلاء القادة الذين قتلوا خمسة وأربعين الف مواطن جزائري بتاريخ 8/5/1945، أي يوم استسلام ألمانيا النازية وفي يوم واحد، وذلك خلال المظاهرات التي انطلقت في مدن الجزائر، للمطالبة برحيل قوات الاحتلال الفرنسية، عن أرض الجزائر.

من هنا فإن المطلوب من فرنسا ليس الاعتذار عن فترة استعمارها للجزائر وسرقة ثرواتها وإنما المطلوب منها هو التالي:

تسليم بقية رفات (جماجم) المجاهدين، البالغ عددهم 512 مجاهداً، والذين لا زالت سلطات فرنسا الاستعمارية تحتجزها في هذا المتحف المشؤوم المذكور أعلاه، والموجود في باريس، ومن دون أي تأخير او مماطلة.
تشكيل محكمة جرائم دولية لمحاكمة كل من تسلّم مسؤولية، لها علاقة بهذه الجرائم ضد الإنسانية، في فرنسا من عام 1830 وحتى استقلال الجزائر عام 1962.
تسليم الآرشيف الوطني الجزائري كاملاً، وغير منقوص وعن طوال فترة الاستعمار، للدولة الجزائرية، وذلك لأن من حقها استرجاع ما سرقه المستعمرون الفرنسيون، في محاولة منهم لإخفاء الحقائق وتزوير التاريخ.
تقديم فرنسا معلومات كاملة عن جرائمها النووية، التي ارتكبتها في الجزائر عام 1960/61 من القرن الماضي، وذلك عندما أجرت تجارب نووية عدة في مناطق مأهولة بالسكان من الصحراء الجزائرية، الأمر الذي ادى الى استشهاد الكثيرين ولا زالت تأثيراته متوالية حتى الآن على صحة الانسان والحيوان والبيئة. فعلى حكومة فرنسا، التي كانت ولا زالت تفكر بعقلية استعمارية، عليها قبل ان تطالب ترامب بالعودة الى اتفاقية باريس للمناخ، أن تقدم هي لحكومة الجزائر، المعلومات الضرورية والكاملة عن تلك التجارب/ الجرائم، كي تتمكن الحكومة الجزائرية من معالجة الكوارث، التي تسببت بها الحكومات الفرنسية السابقة، على المناخ وما يتأثر به، من إنسان ونبات وحيوان.
أن تقوم فرنسا الحاليّة، ومن خلال مفاوضات مباشرة مع الحكومة الجزائرية، بدفع تعويضات ماليةٍ كاملة للحكومة الجزائرية عن كل الخسائر، المادية والبشرية، التي تعرّض لها الشعب الجزائري، على امتداد فترة استعمار فرنسا لبلاده، خاصة أن هذه الجرائم لا تسقط لا بمرور الزمن ولا بتغيّر الأجيال والحكام.
ألم تفرض فرنسا دفع تعويضات مالية هائلة، على حكومة ألمانيا القيصرية، في إطار اتفاقيات فرساي؟

واستمرت في قبض هذه التعويضات حتى وصول هتلر الى الحكم في ألمانيا، عام 1933، وتمزيقه اتفاقيات فرساي..!

أَلَمْ تَقُمْ الحكومة الاسرائيلية بإرغام حكومة المانيا الاتحادية على دفع تعويضات لها، عما لحق باليهود من ظلم وخسائر بشرية ومادية، في أوروبا إبّان الحقبة النازية؟

هذه التعويضات التي لا زالت الحكومة الالمانية تواصل دفعها حتى اليوم، وإن بأشكال مختلفة عما سبق، وعلى شكل صفقة غواصات نووية، من طراز دولفين، سلمت للكيان في العامين الماضيين وشملت خمس غواصات، بعد أن دفعت ثمنها الحكومة الألمانية.

في هذا اليوم العظيم، يوم استقلال الجزائر، بلد الستة ونصف مليون شهيد، ننحني، تماماً كما انحنى الرئيس الجزائري يوم أمس، أثناء مرور نعوش القادة الشهداء أمامه، على ارض مطار هواري بومدين، في العاصمة الجزائر، ننحني إجلالاً وإكباراً لأرواح هؤلاء الشهداء العائدين الى الوطن، كما ننحني تقديراً لتضحيات الجيش الجزائري وقادته السابقين والحاليين وعلى رأسهم القائد الأعلى للقوات المسلحة الجزائرية، السيد الرئيس عبد الغني تبون، الذي أصرّ على مواصلة نضال الجزائر لاستعادة رفات الشهداء الجزائريين من أيدي لصوص الاستعمار الفرنسي وأحفادهم.
نبارك للشعب الجزائري هذا الانتصار العظيم، ذا العمق الإنساني اللامتناهي والذي يعبر عن أخلاق وأصالة هذا الشعب وصلابته وثباته في مقاومة كلّ اشكال الهيمنة الاستعمارية، حفاظاً على استقلاله الوطني وعلى دوره الريادي في العالمين العربي والإقليمي وصولاً الى دوره الدولي، الذي قاد فلسطين الى منبر الأمم المتحدة، سنة 1974، حيث ألقى الزعيم الفلسطيني كلمته الشهيرة، ولأول مرة على هذا المنبر الدولي.

الحمد لله انه لا تزال بقية خيّرين مناضلين في هذه الأمة لا ينسون أسراهم ولا شهداءهم، ممن أعاروا جماجمهم لله.

بعدنا طيّبين قولوا الله…

فيديوات متعلقة

Jacob Cohen: “The Zionists Have Become Masters in The Art of Propaganda”

By Mohsen Abdelmoumen

Source

Jacob Cohen 54dba

Mohsen Abdelmoumen: What is your analysis of the annexation of the West Bank this July 1?

Jacob Cohen: The Zionist regime is not crazy enough to annex the entire West Bank, because then it would have to naturalize all Palestinians. It only wants to annex the “useful” West Bank, i.e. the Jordan Valley, thus preventing a possible Palestinian State to control its own borders and the large Jewish settlement blocs. It would thus continue to have a submissive and cheap labor force at its disposal, and the cooperation of a docile Palestinian police force to maintain colonial order.

It is not sure that this annexation will take place on July 1. Zionists are pragmatic people and know how to step back to jump better.

But in any case, annexation or not, the Zionists will never give up these territories they claim. The Jordan Valley is already implicitly recognized to them by all the great powers, even Russia, to ensure “the security of Israel”. And no one can imagine that the Zionist regime would bring 700,000 settlers below the Green Line.

These are the main lines of a possible Israeli-Palestinian agreement, and the Palestinian Authority pretends to believe, madly or stupidly, that it could recover the whole of the West Bank.

How do you explain that twenty ministers of the Israeli government are of Moroccan origin? Israeli security and defense companies are based in Morocco. How do you analyze these facts? Is not Morocco a real launching pad for the normalization policy advocated by the Zionist entity of Israel?

Only ten ministers have a distant connection with Morocco, which they do not care about. It is the Judeo-Zionist lobby in Morocco, led by the “sayan” (Mossad agent) André Azoulay, advisor to the monarchy for forty years, who does everything to maintain the illusion of perfect understanding between Morocco and its former Jewish citizens. Everything is done in Morocco to rekindle an almost extinguished flame. This to allow the visit of Israelis to Morocco, tourists, artists, businessmen, to push towards an official normalization of Israeli-Moroccan relations.

It is true that Morocco, since the installation of Mossad in that country in the 1950s to send Moroccan Jews to Israel, and the agreement obtained from Hassan II in 1961 for this purpose, is Israel’s de facto ally and support for its legitimization in the Arab world. In 1986, in the middle of the Intifada, the King received with great pomp the Israeli leaders Rabin and Peres.

Furthermore Morocco, on the other hand, which needs American diplomatic support to ensure its stranglehold on Western Sahara, does everything possible to please Israel, whose influence on American institutions is known.

How do you explain the strategic redeployment of the Zionist entity of Israel throughout Africa?

This redeployment had begun in the fields of construction and agriculture as early as the 1960s, after African independences. A redeployment stopped by the June 1967 war and the military occupation of vast Arab territories. The non-aligned movement at the time was still very influential.

The Oslo Accords restored some good repute to the Zionist regime, because it was assumed that it would give a State to the Palestinians in the long run.

Africa from the 1990s was no longer this non-aligned bloc sensitive to a form of international justice. It had joined the globalist circuit and security issues had become paramount.

Israel had become an important and feared partner. Did it not contribute to the amputation of the southern part of Sudan? Its networks in East Africa are very active and their strike force is well known.

Finally, little by little, the Zionist regime has managed, something inconceivable 20 years ago, to win the diplomatic support of many African countries in crucial votes in international institutions.

Algeria is one of the few countries that does not recognize Israel. Doesn’t Algeria still remain a permanent target of the Zionist entity of Israel?

All Arab countries are a permanent target of the Zionist entity. Even countries that submit are not definitively spared. Thus, even Morocco is not immune to Mossad’s attempts to stir up separatism in the Berber areas. If for no other reason than to keep the pressure on this country and make it understand that it has an interest in keeping its nose clean.

Let us remember the fate of Iraq and Syria, which the Zionist regime contributed to destroying.

Algeria will not escape the Zionist vindictiveness, which will try to reach it in one way or another. But this country is far away, not very sensitive to foreign influence, sitting on a large income, with a long history of national resistance, and a strong sense of patriotism. This is what makes it one of the few countries to stand up to the Zionist entity. And because of its geographical position and size, it is a country that is essential to regional security and therefore preserved.

We know the weight of the Zionist lobby in the United States through AIPAC. What is the weight of the Zionist lobby in Europe?

No difference except from a formal point of view. In the United States, the Zionist lobby has a legal existence, with its recognized networks of influence, its buildings in Washington and elsewhere, its congresses, where any candidate for an important post, be it senator or president, must appear and express his support to Israel.

Whereas in Europe, the lobby is more discreet but no less effectivePractically all European countries have banned the BDS movement, and adopted the definition of anti-Semitism proposed by a Jewish organization fighting against the “Shoah”. With this in particular that any criticism of Israel is equated with anti-Semitism. European countries have not even been able to implement their resolution to label products that come from the Zionist settlements in the West Bank.

In France, at the CRIF (note: Representative Council of Jewish Institutions in France) dinner, the entire establishment of the French Republic, including the President, bowed down and received instructions from the Judeo-Zionist lobby.

The European Union has set up a body to combat anti-Semitism headed by the German Katharina Von Schnurbein. How do you explain the fact that the European Union is setting up a body to defend Israel’s interests with European taxpayers’ money and that there is no hesitation in condemning all those who are against the criminal and fascist policies of Israel by calling them anti-Semites?

“Antisemitism” has been an extraordinary discovery of the Judeo-Zionist lobby in Europe. Of course, we know the history of the Second World War. But for the past 30 years or so, this lobby has been working hard to make it the greatest scourge of the 21st century. A few arranged or staged attacks, a few so-called verbal aggressions, a few desecrations that come in at the right time, a swastika lost here or there, and all the media networks are being used to make it look like there’s a resurgence of anti-Semitism. European governments are under pressure. They cannot afford any weakness.

But from criticism of Israel, we move on to anti-Semitism. The argument is fallacious, but it works. When you criticize Israel, you stir up “hatred” against that country and European Jewish citizens, and thus anti-Semitic aggression. Therefore, Israel should not be criticized. Anti-Zionism becomes an offense because it is equated with anti-Semitism. Pro-Palestinian demonstrations are banned because they lead to anti-Semitism.

Anti-Semitism has become a kind of blank cheque given to the Zionists to do whatever they like in Palestine without being worried, condemned or criticized.

You are a great anti-Zionist activist and a defender of the just cause of the Palestinian people. In your book “Le printemps des Sayanim” (The Spring of the Sayanim), you talk about the role of the sayanim in the world. Can you explain to our readership what sayanim are and what exactly is their role?

The “sayanim”, in Hebrew “those who help”, are Jews who live outside Israel and who, by Zionist patriotism, collaborate with the Mossad in their fields of activity.

They were created as early as 1959 by the Mossad chief at the time, Méir Amit. They’re probably between 40,000 and 50,000. Victor Ostrovsky, a former Mossad agent and refugee in Canada, talks about it for certain cases. He estimated that in the 1980s, in London alone, there were 3,000 sayanim.

What is their utility? Mossad recruits sayanim who work voluntarily in all major areas. For example, the media: these Jewish journalists or press bosses around the world will orient information in such a way as to favor Israel at the expense of Arabs.

In the United States, the Jewish power in the film industry is well known. Just an example. In 1961, Hollywood produced the film “Exodus” with Paul Newman, which tells the story of the birth of Israel in 1948 from a Zionist point of view. This film has shaped Western consciousness for at least a generation.

The same could be said for the financial institutions based in New York and dominated by Judeo-Zionists.

In France, advertising, publishing, the press, television, university, etc. are more or less controlled by “sayanim”.

It is therefore easy to understand the Zionist lobby’s strike force, a strike force that remains moreover invisible.

Isn’t Zionism, which is the direct product of the Talmud and the Jewish Kabbalah, an ideology that is both racist and fascist?

If we take Zionism in its political sense, that is, in the nationalist vision of the political movements of the 19th century, it was a secular and progressive ideology. It had seduced tens of thousands of activists, particularly in Russia and Poland, who sought to realize their revolutionary ideal outside the progressive movements of the time. They wanted to transform the Jewish people, to make it “normal”.

Despite these characteristics, these activists, upon arriving in Palestine, had excluded the Arabs from their national project from the outset. The seeds of racism were already planted. The Arabs had to be expelled or got rid of somehow. Even the kibbutzim, the flagships of “Zionist socialism”, did not admit Arabs within them.

Wars and conquests, especially of the “biblical” cities in the West Bank, have plunged Israeli society into a messianic fascism and racism that no longer even hide. The latest “Law on the Nation of the Jewish People” clearly establishes racist elements, such as the possibility for a Jewish municipality to refuse Arab inhabitants, even though they have Israeli nationality.

Doesn’t the just cause of the Palestinian people need a more intense mobilization in the face of the criminal offensives of the fascist Israeli colonial army? Don’t you think that the role of BDS is very important to counter Israeli fascism?

For the reasons I mentioned earlier, the Zionist regime has managed to stifle, at least in part, the legitimate demands of the Palestinian people. As far as the media and relations with the governments of the major powers are concerned, the balance is tipped in favor of Zionism. That’s a fact. Even the majority of Arab countries, for reasons that cannot be confessed, are turning away from it.

BDS is an extraordinary weapon, but as I said, it is increasingly banned in the West because it is considered as an ” anti-Semitic ” movement. It’s absurd, sure, but it’s so. Example: Germany withdrew a European prize from a woman writer because she had tweeted pro-BDS a few months before.

How do you explain that at a time when freedom-loving Westerners support BDS, Arab countries such as Saudi Arabia, Emirates, Qatar, etc. are normalizing their relations with the Zionist entity of Israel as part of the “deal of the century” spearheaded by Jared Kushner?

Historically, these monarchies have never supported the Palestinians, or at least with lip service, because they feared the revolutionary potential of the Palestinian movements in the 60s and 70s. The Arab world was then divided between “conservatives” and “progressives”. Following the example of Hassan II mentioned above, these monarchies were just waiting for the historic opportunity to normalize their relations with the Zionist regime. It is in their interest, the interest of the castes in power. We have seen what could happen to nationalist or progressive Arab regimes (Iraq, Syria, Libya). They were given a choice: fall in line and collaborate with Israel or some “Daesh” or separatist movements will drop on them. These monarchs do not have the suicidal instinct for a Palestine that has become an increasingly evanescent myth.

What is your opinion about the infamous blockade that the Palestinian people are suffering in Gaza while the world is in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic?

The Zionist regime is submitting the people of Gaza to a concentration camp quasi-regime. Why quasi? Because the Zionist conqueror remains just below, cynically and intelligently, the level that could no longer leave the world indifferent. The blockade is not hermetic, allowing to pass through it in dribs and drabs at the occupant’s discretion, just enough to not sink. The fishing area is reduced or increased so as to keep this sword of Damocles on any fisherman who dares to go out. Electricity is limited to a few hours a day. Information from the inside is reduced, travels are limited. Israel even took the liberty about two years ago of banning European parliamentarians from entering the Gaza Strip. All the more so as Egypt’s complicity makes it possible to maintain this situation, and the Palestinian Authority withhold all payments to officials in Gaza. The world is given the impression that the Gazans are struggling, indeed, but that they had something to do with it, because they launch a few rockets from time to time and Hamas is considered a “terrorist” organization. The Zionists have become masters in the art of propaganda, with the complicity of Western governments. And Gaza is paying a terrible price.

You have been threatened and attacked on several occasions, including by the LDJ (Jewish Defense League), for supporting the cause of the Palestinian people and for being anti-Zionist. How do you explain the fact that in France, a country that prides itself on being a State governed by the rule of law and which is a champion of human rights and freedom of speech, fascist militias like Betar (note: radical Zionist Jewish youth movement), LDJ, CRIF, which defend the interests of Israel can act with impunity?

First there is the history of the Second World War and the Vichy regime, which leaves a sense of guilt, a feeling cleverly exploited by the Judeo-Zionist lobby with the multiplication of films on the Shoah which are shown over and over again on French channels.

Then there is the action of the “sayanim” very presents in the media and other institutions, and who terrorize, the word is not too strong, all those who deviate even a little. Take Dieudonné (note: French humorist, actor and political activist), he has been made the devil to such an extent that he can be assassinated with impunity. On the other hand, saying two or three wrong words to Eric Zemmour (note: French political journalist, writer, essayist and polemicist) in the street, and the President of the Republic calls him on the phone for 40 minutes.

Finally, there is great cowardice on the part of French intellectuals, journalists and politicians who do not say what they think. The fear of the CRIF is paralyzing them. Remember Etienne Chouard, a very famous intellectual who became well known during the referendum on Europe in 2005 and for his support for Yellow Vests. He was summoned to explain himself about the gas chambers on the site “Le Média“. The unfortunate man tried to clear out. He’s been bombarded with insults. He went to apologize on “Sud Radio“. He has since lost all credibility.

How do you explain the fact that all the media remain silent about the crimes of the Zionist entity of Israel and do not give voice to people like you? Where is the freedom of speech those western countries brag about? In your opinion, doesn’t the mass media serve an oligarchy?

Modern media are not supposed to track down the truth and proclaim it. See the way they treated covid19 and big-pharma. See also the coverage of Presidents Trump and Putin by these media, or the Syrian case. The major media belong either to the State (public radio and television) or to the financial oligarchies, all of which are, as I have shown, close to the interests of the Zionist lobby. So, when they boast about being free and promoting freedom of speech, they’re just self-promotion by brazenly lying. Moreover, the tendency in the name of this “freedom to inform” is to track down the so-called fake news, in fact the information that don’t fit the mould. And as long as this balance of power lasts, the crimes of the Zionist entity will be silenced or diminished, and the rights of the Palestinian people will be ignored.

In your opinion, weren’t the Oslo Accords a big scam that harmed the Palestinians by depriving them of their rights?

The Oslo Accords were one of the finest diplomatic scams of the century. With the Palestinians’ consent. In a SM (sadomasochistic) relationship, the master and the slave freely assume their role. The Zionist master found in Arafat the ideal slave to play the role.

I say this with great sadness and rage. But the reality is there. Arafat disappeared from the international scene in 1992. When Rabin beckons him, he no longer holds back. He was about to come back into the limelight.

It’s Rabbi’s stroke of genius. Israel was in a very difficult, let’s say catastrophic situation. The Intifada showed an over-armed and brutal army of occupation in the face of stone-throwing kids. The Palestinian cause was at the top. If Rabin had contacted Barghouti, the leader of the Intifada, the latter would have had strict and inflexible demands: Independence or nothing.

Arafat has given up everything. On all the sensitive issues, the refugees, Jerusalem, the settlements, the borders, the independent State, Rabin told him: “we will see later”. And Arafat agreed.

And furthermore, he delivered 60 % of the West Bank under the total sovereignty of Israel. This is the Zone C, on which the major cities of occupation are built.

Ultimately, Arafat could have realized after 2 or 3 years that he had been manipulated, that the Zionists will never give him a State, and slam the door, and put the occupier back in front of his responsibilities. But no, he continued until his death and Mahmoud Abbas is continuing along the same path, which lead to the progressive strangulation of what remained of Palestine.

But for Rabin, and the Zionist regime, the gain was fantastic. Israel was no longer the occupant. The whole world was pretending to proclaim the need for 2 States. It was just a matter of being patient and negotiating. The Zionist regime has thus restored much of its international credibility and legitimacy.

We saw the United States and the whole world shocked by the way George Floyd was murdered by a police officer. However, Palestinians suffer the same abuses on a daily basis, as this hold (a technique known as strangulation) is often used by the Israeli army, Tsahal. How do you explain the fact that nobody protests this? The world was rightly moved by the murder of George Floyd, why does it not react when Palestinians are murdered?

We keep coming back to the same problem. It is the media that make the news. And who controls the media? The Palestinians do not have a voice for the reasons mentioned above. Because when the media decides to inflate a problem, they do.

Interview realized by Mohsen Abdelmoumen

Who is Jacob Cohen?

Jacob Cohen is a writer and lecturer born in 1944. Polyglot and traveler, anti-Zionist activist, he was a translator and teacher at the Faculty of Law in Casablanca. He obtained a law degree from the Faculty of Casablanca and then joined Science-Po in Paris where he obtained his degree in Science-Po as well as a postgraduate degree (DES) in public law. He lived in Montreal and then Berlin. In 1978, he returned to Morocco where he became an assistant lecturer at the Faculty of Law in Casablanca until 1987. He then moved to Paris where he now focuses on writing. He has published several books,

واشنطن تخسر الحرب في سورية وأردوغان يقايض عليها في ليبيا وكيلاً للناتو

محمد صادق الحسيني

سورية وحلف المقاومة ينتصران استراتيجياً في شرق المتوسط… هذا يعني أن أسوار موسكو وبكين باتت في مأمن من غزوات الأطلسي وتابعيهم من العثمان الجدد والرجعية العربية سواء من المياه الدافئة الخليجية او تلك المتوسطية…

في هذه الأثناء فإن هذا النصر الاستراتيجي كشف هشاشة وعورة التابعين الصغار للمشروع الاميركي من الذين ضاعت احلامهم وتكسرت على اسوار دمشق وفي البادية السورية فقرروا الانتقال الى الميادين الليبية لعلها تعوّض بعض خيبتهم من جهة، وتعيد اليهم بعض أدوارهم المنتهية صلاحيتها في خدمة سيدهم المنهك والمتقهقر، من جهة ثانية.

هذا التحول الكبير في الموازين هو الذي دفعهم للتسابق في نقل ما تبقى من قدرات وقوات مرتزقة وأموال وما تبقى لهم من نفوذ الى هناك…

الأمر الذي أشعل الساحة الليبية مؤخراً كما هو معلوم في صراع بين محورين تركي اخواني وخليجي مصري مناهض له…

لكن الدبّ الروسي المتجدد قوة ونفساً كان لهم هذه المرة مبكراً في المرصاد، فإذا به يحيط بهم وبأدوارهم وما تبقى من مشاريعهم من كل جانب…

ما يجري في الميادين الليبية من معارك يوميّة يتخبّط فيها التابعون الإقليميون للكبار من الدول العظمى وسط بحر دماء الشعب الليبي المظلوم يرسم معالم صراع دموي جديد شرق المتوسط، ولكن هذه المرة في إقليم شمال أفريقيا بدلاً عن غرب آسيا…

يتساءل متابعون: ماذا يجري خلف الكواليس في الصراع الاميركي الروسي على شرق المتوسط، وأين هو دور القوى الاقليمية المنخرطة في الصراع والمواجهة بين مشروع الهيمنة الأميركية على غرب آسيا الآفل والمغادر الى جنوب شرق آسيا من جهة، والمشروع المقاوم للأحادية الأميركية الصاعد والممسك بتلابيب اللعبة الاستراتيجية الحاصلة في شرق المتوسط من جهة أخرى…؟

طبقاً لمعلومات متداولة في أروقة غرف العمليات الخلفية ومطابخ صناعة القرار الإقليمي والدولي، فإن النصر الاستراتيجي الذي اكتمل في سورية لصالح حلف المقاومة والذي أطاح مشاريع وأحلاماً كبيرة وأخرى صغيرة لقوى تابعة للسيد الاميركي دفع بهذه القوى الى تسابق محموم في ما بينها وصراع حاد على النفوذ في محاولة يائسة للحصول على جوائز ترضية للخروج الآمن من ساحة المواجهة الأساسية التي خسرتها على أبواب الشام وأسوار كل من دمشق وبغداد وبيروت…

جانب من هذا الصراع والسباق المحتدم هو الصراع الإماراتي السعودي المصري مقابل المشروع العثماني الجديد المتمثل بحارس مرمى الناتو الجنوبي أردوغان هناك في شمال أفريقيا، وهم الذين خسروا جميعاً كل ما صرفوه او وظفوه في سورية، فذهبت أنظارهم منذ مدة تتجه الى ليبيا التي لا تزال مستنزفة ومستباحة في صراع دام على النفوذ والطاقة…

المعلومات المتداولة في الأروقة الخلفية تفيد أن محترف رقصة الهيلا هوب التركي الذي خرج بخفي حنين من الميدان السوري وحُشِر بقوة في اطار مقررات الاستانة لإجباره على الخروج مما تبقى من إدلب والشمال السوري وشرق الفرات، قرر تركيز جهوده على الميدان الليبي داعماً حكومة السراج في طرابلس التي تحاكي توجهاته الاخوانية متخذاً منها منطلقاً ومنصة لتعزيز نفوذه في المتىوسط لسببين الأول ليخرج من كونه محصوراً في بحر إيجه الى الفضاء الأوسع شرق المتوسط ومنه ثانياً لتوظيف هذا النفوذ في إطار التسابق على خدمة السيد الأميركي مع منافسيه الخليجيين والمصريين الذين يقفون على الجهة الأخرى من احتدام الميدان الليبي الى جانب ضابط السي اي ايه الآخر المخضرم اي الجنرال خليفة حفتر…

ومما هو معلوم وواضح فقد قرّر التركي الأردوغاني أخيراً، كما هو بائن للعيان أن يرمي بكل ثقله خلف جبهة طرابلس السراج باعتباره (اي أردوغان) وكيلاً للناتو وللأميركيين ليس فقط دفاعاً عن مصالحه ومصالح سيده في موارد الطاقة الليبية بل وايضاً ليكون بمثابة القاعدة والمنصة المتقدمة لصالح معسكر الناتو في خاصرة الجزائر المعادية لمعسكر الغرب وحليفة الصين الصاعدة، جزائر الجيش والسلطة والدولة المتحالفة ايضاً بقوة مع روسيا بقوة جوية تخيف الناتو من كونها تمتلك قوة جوية يُعتدّ بها من بينها سرب سوخوي 35 المنافسة لسلاح جو دول أوروبا غرب المتوسط وصولاً الى كونها الدولة الوحيدة بعد روسيا التي تقترب من عقد صفقة سوخوي 70 التي يرتعد منها الغرب لأنها ستكون الكاشفة لكل أوروبا من سواحل المتوسط حتى اسكندنافيا لصالح عدوها ومنافسها الروسيّ اللدود…

وهذا ما يجعل رغبة أردوغان جامحة أكثر في الحصول على قواعد جوية وبحرية قوية وثابتة ودائمة في ليبيا من بوابة حكومة السراج لموازاة حركة الجزائر…

في هذه الأثناء، فإن مصادر متابعة للشأن الليبي تتحدث في الأروقة الخاصة عن عودة قوية للروس الى الميدان الليبي بعد تعزيز مواقعهم في شرق المتوسط على السواحل السورية بعد النصر الاستراتيجي الكبير المشار إليه آنفاً وباتوا في صدد توظيف هذا النصر ايضاً في إيجاد حزام أمن استراتيجي لهم يمتد من شمال سورية حتى جبل طارق بوجه الناتو…

وفي هذا الإطار، ومرة اخرى، من البوابة السورية تقول المصادر وثيقة الصلة بالشأن الليبي بأنها رصدت تحركات روسية ميدانية تفيد بمساهمتها بتجميع ونقل نحو ٨ آلاف من المقاتلين الأوزبك والطاجيك والتركمان وممن تبقى من مرتزقة القوقاز الى ليبيا بهدف إخراجهم من سورية أولاً ومن ثم لتعزيز جبهة حفتر الأداة المتحركة في المحور السعودي الإماراتي المصري وبالاتفاق مع مصر التي يعمل الروس على سحبها من المعسكر الأميركي رويداً رويداً ومع إمارات ابن زايد المتصارعة بقوة مع المشروع التركي الاخواني والتي افتتحت سفارة لها مؤخراً في دمشق.

وهكذا تكون الصورة قد اكتملت حسب مصادر وثيقة الصلة بحفتر الذي أرسل منسقاً له للأردن مقيماً فيها وقامت الإمارات بتوفير الاموال اللازمة لهذا المشروع على أن يتولى الروس وهو ما حصل مؤخراً، ودائماً حسب تلك المصادر، توفير الاسلحة والتجهيزات وسيارات الدفع الرباعي وكل ما يتطلب من دعم يحتاجه حفتر في صراعه ضدّ السراج وأردوغان وانطلاقاً من عمان التي لم تقطع يوماً صلاتها الخلفية مع دمشق وروسيا لتكون هذه المرة مقر إسناد ودعم للجبهة الجديدة التي اشتعلت في ليبيا…

محمد بن زايد في هذه الأثناء وحتى يشبع نهمه وجشعه في المغانم من جهة ويصارع العثماني ويسابقه في خدمة السيد الأميركي ويؤمّن قاعدة قوية له في الأردن قرر شراء منتجات بل ومؤسسات زراعية وغذائية استراتيجية في الاردن تصل الى درجة شراء أسهم في الدولة الأردنية برمتها كما تفيد المصادر الوثيقة الصلة بالشأن الأردني…

وهنا بالذات تقول مصادر اخرى قريبة من توافقات آستانة بأن العثماني التركي المنكسر سورياً والمحاصر روسياً وإيرانياً بمجموعة توافقات باتت تجبره عاجلاً او آجلاً على الرحيل من سورية المنتصرة استراتيجياً، بدأ يشعر بأنّ الخناق يشتدّ عليه إذا بقي يستنزف في ليبيا كما استنزف من قبل في سورية، سورية التي استعادت عافيتها الى درجة أنها باتت رقماً مهماً في المعادلة الليبية الجديدة وبعد أن قررت أخيراً فتح سفارة لحكومة بنغازي الحفترية المنافسة لحليفه السراج في دمشق…

هذا التحول المفاجئ والذي لم يكن أردوغان المهزوم يحسب له حساباً دفع بوكيل الناتو الجنوبي الذي بات مطوقاً من كل الجهات أن يبادر أخيراً الى عرض تقول عنه مصادر مطلعة بأنه بات على طاولة الدول الضامنة لتوافقات أستانة ويعتقدون أن أردوغان جادّ فيه لأنه يرى خلاصه الابدي من المستنقع السوري الذي غرق فيه حتى النخاع خاصة بعد أن تأكد أنه سيخرج منه بخفي حنين كما أسلفنا…

وعرض أردوغان يتلخص في الخروج الكامل والنهائي من كل الأراضي السورية مقابل إغلاق ابواب الدعم والاسناد الروسي لحفتر من البوابة الأردنية الإماراتية السورية المصرية…

عرض بات في مطبخ بوتين اولاً ومن ثم الدولة الوطنية السورية ومعها الحليف الإيراني المطلع وان كان غير المنخرط في الشأن الليبي.

على ان يكون لموسكو الدور الأساس في تحجيم ومن ثم إغلاق كل ابواب الدعم المشرقية لحفتر وداعميه الخليجيين انطلاقاً من الساحتين السورية والاردنية حسب قراءة أردوغان ومصادر معلوماته مقابل التفاهم مع موسكو على مستقبل ليبيا السراج الموالية لتركيا أردوغان على أن تتعهد الأخيرة بعد تصفية دويلة حفتر بعدم الإضرار بالمصالح الروسية بشكل عام بما فيها المصالح المستجدة في ليبيا، وكذلك عدم السماح للناتو من تحويل طرابلس الغرب ممراً للاعتداء على حلفاء روسيا الاستراتيجيين هناك وفي مقدّمهم الجزائر.

يهلك ملوكاً ويستخلف آخرين.

بعدنا طيّبين قولوا الله…

فضائح الفيول تنهي مسيرة سوناطراك في لبنان؟

فضائح الفيول تنهي مسيرة سوناطراك في   لبنان؟
الإنتاج يتراجع في الزوق والجية بسبب رفض الشحنة الأخيرة (هيثم الموسوي)

إيلي الفرزلي 

الأربعاء 6 أيار 2020

ملف الفيول صار متشعباً. القضاء وضع يده على القضية، لكن الخشية تبقى من التسييس، الأداة السحرية لمنع المحاسبة. لكن بعيداً عن المسار القضائي، لا تزال معامل الكهرباء تعاني من تبعات عدم التقيد بالمواصفات المطلوبة للفيول. لا قدرات تخزينية لكهرباء لبنان حالياً ولا إمكانية لتشغيل المعامل بكامل طاقتها، ولولا أن استهلاك الطاقة ينخفض في هذه الفترة من السنة، لكانت التغذية انخفضت بشكل ملحوظ. كل ذلك يشير إلى أن عقد سوناطراك وصل إلى نهايته بعد 15 عاماً، كان يجدّد خلالها كل ثلاث سنواتقضية الفيول المغشوش صارت قضية القضايا. هي عيّنة من الفساد المستشري في البلد، والأهم أنها ستكون عيّنة لكيفية مواجهة هذا الفساد في جمهورية ما بعد الانهيار. التسييس يطلّ على الملف من كل صوب. ذلك كفيل بإنقاذ المتورطين. هنالك دائماً فيتو يقضي على المحاسبة: سياسي حيناً وطائفي أحياناً، هذا إذا ضبطت الحدود بين الأمرين. لكن مع ذلك، ثمة أمل بأن يصل هذا الملف إلى خواتيمه، بأن يسمح السياسيون للقضاء، ولو لمرة واحدة، بأن يقوم بعمله، وخاصة أن ما تظهره التحقيقات حتى اليوم يؤكد أن هنالك شبكة عنكبوتية من الرشى التي يصعب حصرها، أو تحديد مسارها الزمني. مطّلعون على الملف يقولون إنه، لشدة تعقيده، قد يصح معه قلب القاعدة القانونية. هنا الكل متهم حتى تثبت براءته.

القصة طويلة وهي حكماً لم تبدأ مع وصول الباخرة MT Baltic إلى لبنان في آذار الماضي. لكن مع ذلك، فإن ما فتح الباب أمام القضاء للدخول إلى الملف هو تلك الباخرة التي تبيّن أنها محمّلة بـ«نفايات نفطيّة»، بالرغم من حصولها على صك براءة من منشآت النفط والمديرية العامة للنفط في وزارة الطاقة يؤكد أنها مطابقة للمواصفات.
مسألة المواصفات المطلوبة للفيول ليست يوماً ثابتة. على سبيل المثال، قبل عام 2013، لم تكن وزارة الطاقة تشترط أن تكون مواصفات الفيول مطابقة لـ«ايزو» 8217. لكن الأمر تغيّر يوم التعاقد مع شركة «كاردينيز». حينها تبين أن الفيول المعتمد لا يصلح للمحركات العكسية، وقد يسبب لها ضرراً بالغاً، والأمر نفسه يشمل معملي الزوق والجية الجديدين، اللذين يعملان على المحركات نفسها. صار الفيول يصل إلى لبنان وفق نوعين من المواصفات. الأول مطابق لمواصفات «ايزو» والثاني أقل جودة يستخدم لتشغيل المعملين الحراريين القديمين في الزوق والجية. بالنسبة إلى الفيول الذي يُستقدم لتشغيل الباخرتين ومعملَي الزوق والجية الجديدين، لم يعد الاكتفاء بالفحوصات التي تجرى في مختبرات منشآت النفط، بإشراف إحدى شركات المراقبة المكلفة من قبل المديرية العامة للنفط، كافياً. الآلية صارت كالآتي: تصل الباخرة المحمّلة بالفيول إلى الساحل اللبناني، فتأخذ مديرية النفط عيّنة منها لفحصها. إذا تأكد مطابقتها للمواصفات تفرّغ الحمولة في خزانات كهرباء لبنان. في هذه المرحلة تحديداً، وأثناء عملية التفريغ، تبدأ كل من كارادينيز وMEP بالحصول على العيّنة الخاصة بها، عن طريق التنقيط طوال فترة التفريغ. بعدها ترسل كل شركة عيّنتها إلى شركة الفحص في دبي (Bureau Veritas)، ولا تستعمل الفيول إلا بعد التأكد من مطابقته للمواصفات المطلوبة. درجت العادة هنا أن يستعمل الفيول حتى إذا كانت مواصفاته غير مطابقة تماماً. لكن الأمر يتطلب حينها إجراءات أصعب من قبل الشركتين المعنيتين، تتعلق بمعالجة الفيول قدر الإمكان من خلال فلاتر خاصة. في هذه الحالة، يُعرف في القطاع أن البواخر تتفوق على المعامل الأرضية في قدرتها على معالجة الفيول (نظراً إلى طبيعة عملها وإمكانية انتقالها من بلد إلى آخر ومن استعمال نوع فيول إلى آخر). على سبيل المثال، اعترضت MEP على إحدى الشحنات التي وصلت إلى لبنان في تموز، رافضة استعمالها نظراً إلى زيادة نسبة الحموضة فيها، إلا أن كارادينيز استعملتها، بعدما تمكّنت من معالجتها، لكنها مع ذلك اضطرت إلى تخفيض طاقتها الإنتاجية. للمناسبة، تلك الشحنة لا تزال محل خلاف بين كهرباء لبنان والشركة المشغلة. كهرباء لبنان تؤكد أن الشحنة كانت مطابقة للمواصفات المنصوص عليها في العقد، والشركة تعتبر أنها غير قابلة للاستعمال.
بحسب مدير شركة MEP يحيى مولود، فإن أربع شحنات رفضت حتى اليوم. أولاها في الشهر الأول من عام 2019، ولم تكن مطابقة لكل المواصفات المطلوبة، وثانيتها في شهر تموز، واحتوت على مواد كيميائية محظورة وغير مستقرة تسمح بتغيير خصائص الفيول، وثالثتها شحنة آذار الماضي التي كانت قد وصلت نسبة الترسبات النفطية فيها إلى 4.26، فيما يفترض ألا تزيد على 0.1 (أكدت الفحوصات التي أجرتها منشآت النفط مطابقتها للمواصفات قبل أن يتبيّن أنها غير مطابقة). أما آخر الشحنات المرفوضة فتلك التي كانت مُخصصة للمعامل الحرارية (القديمة)، وأعلنت وزارة الطاقة رفضها بسبب الاختلاف في نسبة الكثافة.

أربع شحنات مخالفة للمواصفات وصلت إلى لبنان منذ بداية 2019


اللافت أنه بالرغم من إعلان سوناطراك موافقتها على استعادة الشحنة المغشوشة (آذار)، فإن هذه الشحنة لا تزال حتى اليوم في الخزانين الرئيسيين (25 ألف طن سعة كل خزان) في مؤسسة كهرباء لبنان، ما يسبب نقصاً في القدرات التخزينية للمؤسسة. وهي لذلك لم تتمكن من تفريغ الشحنة التي تلت، والتي تبين أنها مطابقة للمواصفات، فاضطرت إلى استعمال خزانات احتياطية تستعملها شركة MEP، وهي لا تزال تستعين بهذه الخزانات. هذا يؤدي إلى تفريغ الشحنات على مراحل وبتأخير نحو خمسة أيام. تملأ الخزانين الاحتياطيين (22 ألف طن الزوق و11 ألفاً في الجية) ثم تنتظر ريثما يستهلك جزء من المخزون لتعيد ملء الخزانين. الأمر لم يقف عند هذا الحد. بعدما تبين أن الشحنة المخصصة للمعملين القديمين غير مطابقة أيضاً، انخفضت القدرة على تأمين كامل حاجة المعملين من الفيول، فتوقف العمل في مجموعتي إنتاج من أصل ثلاث في الزوق، وفي مجموعتين من خمس مجموعات في الجية. ولذلك، اضطرت كهرباء لبنان إلى تشغيل المعامل الاحتياطية في صور وبعلبك.
كل ذلك يشير إلى خلل جوهري إن لم يكن في العقد مع سوناطراك ففي تنفيذه. والخلل هنا لا يتعلق بالمخالفات القانونية التي فتح التحقيق بها فحسب، بل بالأضرار التقنية أيضاً. وهذا الأمر يستدعي بحثاً طارئاً في حلول جذرية، إما تخلص إلى تغيير الشركة (ينتهي عقدها في نهاية العام)، مقابل إجراء مناقصة فعلية لتأمين الفيول أو توقيع عقد يكون فعلاً من دولة إلى دولة، مع دولة تنتج الفيول الذي يحتاج إليه لبنان، لا كما يحصل مع الجزائر، التي لا تنتج هذا النوع من الفيول. أولى الخطوات الفعلية لإنهاء هذه الحالة، تمثلت في كشف وزير الطاقة ريمون غجر عن نيته الإعلان قريباً عن عقود جديدة.
تجدر الإشارة إلى أن لبنان لم يتعاقد أصلاً مع الشركة الوطنية الجزائرية مباشرة، بل مع شركة «Sonatrach Petroleum BVI» وهي شركة مسجلة في الجزر العذراء البريطانية (واحدة من الجنّات الضريبية في العالم)، مملوكة من مجموعة سوناطراك القابضة. وهذه الشركة تعمل في تجارة المشتقات النفطية والغازية وفي النقل البحري. وهي بالتالي، جل ما تفعله هو شراء الفيول من مصادر متعددة ثم بيعه للبنان، عبر شركة ZR energie أو عبر شركة البساتنة.

مقالات مرتبطة

Algeria, one year after the fall of Bouteflika

Source

April 8, 2020 – 14:53

Algeria is marking the one-year anniversary of the disappearance of the longtime President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who was forced to resign following the outbreak of massive popular uprising, calling for fundamental political change.  

Bouteflika’s last public appearance was on April 2 last year, when he was seen on television handing his resignation to the-then Constitutional Council’s President Tayeb Belaiz. He responded favorably to the pressure of his resignation. He stepped down on April 2nd reversing his decision to seek a fifth term in power, however, this decision has failed to appease protesters and satisfy their claims. Protesters, young and old, men and women from all walks of life, indeed, remained in the streets every Friday re-appropriating long confiscated public spaces and calling for the overhaul of the whole system and the sweeping away of the remnants of Bouteflika’s inner circle, viewed as corrupt. They have directed drawing rage at the political elite they blame driving the country to a political deadlock and economic collapse.

One year later, the political landscape has shifted dramatically. Abdelaziz Bouteflika is out. In prison today are a slew of the previous regime figures; former prime ministers and other once-powerful establishment figures, including Bouteflika’s brother, Said, Chief police Abdelghani Hamel.

According to the Algerian Constitution, the then Speaker of the Council of the Nation Abdelkader Bensalah was named Head of State. This latter announced, in September, that the presidential elections, already postponed twice, are scheduled for Dec. 12 in a bid to put an end to the political crisis witnessed in Algeria and calm down the ire of months-long protests demanding the departure of the old guard and corruption-ridden system. In fact, polls were planned, initially, for April 18 and then July 4. However, they were postponed, for the second time, due to a lack of viable candidates, plunging the country into a crisis. 

The third electoral Rendez-vous was seen as a safe way-out to the political crisis the nation has been going through for almost 10 months, amid weekly popular protests demanding radical change, allowing the candidate deems fit to take the reins of the country with a view to charting a new era in the North African country and allowing it to turn the page on 10 months of protests and build the rule of law. Effectively, Algeria was voting for the first time in the post-Bouteflika period on Thursday, December, 12 for a new president, hoping that this achievement will be a passage that leads the North African country to a new bright and promising era, where the Algerian people would finally be able to achieve their legitimate aspirations for a decent life.

Former Prime Minister Abdelmadjid Tebboune snatched 58.15% of the vote, trouncing his four fellow contenders. He won Algeria’s decisive presidential election without the need for a second-round runoff, replacing the long-serving president Abdelaziz Bouteflika.

Tebboune, for his part, expressed determination, on his swearing-in ceremony,  to meet all the protesters’ demands with a view to ending the political blockage.

For his part, the powerful army Major General the late Ahmed Gaid Salah, who sided by the hirakists and pushed for the ouster of Bouteflika and other members of his regime, is out of the picture, having died following a sudden heart attack just four days after attending Tebboune’s swearing-in ceremony. This death comes as shock to many. General Said Chengriha replaced him as the military’s interim army chief of staff. Thousands of Algerians take to the streets in the capital to pay their respects and tribune during the funeral procession.

Protests, for their parts, are still taking place, except for this period as the coronavirus outbreak in the country, targeting goals, like providing social services, promoting human rights, or fighting corruption. Two months ago, they marked the first anniversary of  Hirak, this unprecedented protest movement in the country, which rose up against the ousted president Abdelaziz Bouteflika’s candidacy for a fifth term. There is a little doubt that it is one of the longest, most resilient and most peaceful political movements in both Algeria and the region’s recent history. It has proven its unity and peaceful nature. All the indicators say that it is to continue after the coronavirus is repelled because grievances have not been all addressed.

In other signs of recent visible changes, a wide “Clean Hands” campaign with a view to rooting out corruption linked to top tycoons and high-ranked government officials, has been launched. Several high-ranking officials, former Prime Ministers, including Ahmed Ouyahia and Abdelmalek Sellal, Ex- and current Ministers, tycoons from powerful families with links to the former president Abdelaziz Bouteflika, and Heads of major companies and financial institutions were being questioned on corruption-related cases and then given huge sentences, and given lengthy prison terms following landmark televised trials.  Different investigations into corruption, customs-related violations, and other financial wrongdoing have been launched too, targeting the most powerful tycoons in Algeria, most of them were remanded in custody.

In addition to investigations into hampering the well- functioning of the army and State targeting members of the ruling elite, namely;  Said Bouteflika, the former president Abdelaziz Bouteflika’s youngest brother and two former intelligence chiefs, the Generals Bachir Athman Tartan and his predecessor, General Mohamed Madine, aka Gen. Toufik. A military court convicted the brother of ousted President Bouteflika, Said Bouteflika, who had wielded enormous influence as a gatekeeper to his ailing brother while in office. He was seen as the linchpin of an opaque clique of politicians and business leaders who influenced decision-making at the top of the gas-exporting North African country. The advisor and key aide of the former President of the Republic Bouteflika is incarcerated in Blida prison and sentenced to heaving prison term alongside the other co-defendants – two former intelligence chiefs.

Ex-Prime Ministers, namely: Ahmed Ouyahia and Abdelmalek Sellal were, also, convicted for multiple accusations; embezzlement of public money, abuse of office and granting of undue privileges. Other officials and Ex and current Governors are due to appear before the investigating judge at the Supreme Court.

Since his election, Tebboune has reached out to protesters, calling for dialogue, introducing some appeasement measures including freeing some detainees and vowing to amend the constitution to give Parliament and the judiciary more power. 

Regarding his priorities as President of the Republic, Tebboune said that, at the political level, he intends to carry out a profound and extensive constitutional reform, involving academics, intellectuals, specialists and members of the national community living abroad, and effectively, the President had started consultations and received the first draft of the constitution to be put for a broad dialogue.

Between 500 and 700 copies of this first version will be distributed to all stakeholders concerned by the revision of the country’s Basic Law, in addition to publication on a website dedicated to the constitutional revision and on social networks so as to allow all citizens to debate and enrich the text.

The President, through the amendment of the constitution, seeks to fulfill the demands of the people and address their grievances, including decrees that reduce the powers of the President, reduce the presidential terms to one, able to be renewed once, protect Algeria from falling into individual rule and create a balance between institutions, ensuring separation of powers, build a strong State where citizens, equal before the law, exercise their rights freely and lawfully and establish the rule of law and equal opportunities that will be the essence of the new Algeria, committing to setting radical change of the governing system, through deepening democracy and the rule of law, reinforcing social justice, and protecting human rights.

To this end, a referendum on the amendments is expected in the summer, followed by legislative elections by the end of the year. With an anticipated increased role of parliament within the new constitution, a new road for Algeria will be introduced. New parties are expected to emerge ahead of elections, significantly changing the political scene.

This month, Prime Minister Abdelaziz Djerad pitched his government’s plan of action – dubbed “a new deal for a new Algeria” to parliament, promising to “cleanse the disastrous heritage” of past governance.

With respect to the economy, Tebboune voiced his will to establish a diversified economy that generates jobs and wealth. He periodically chairs meetings with the new members of government to start developing an action plan to be presented to Parliament with a view to saving economy from collapse and reform education, universities, and the health treatment system. He appointed the technocrat Abdelaziz Djerad as Prime Minister on Sec.28, 2019 and banned the practice of addressing the President as “His Excellency”. He appointed, as well, young ministers.

As we know, Algeria faces the herculean task of transforming its economy to meet the pressing demands of a young, growing, and increasingly restless population. Despite the country’s favorable demographics, its economy remains almost entirely dependent on oil and natural gas, which account for 95% of merchandise exports. Unfortunately, Algeria’s economy is in trouble. It is facing the effects of nearly decades of energy-sector dominance and, in some cases, mismanagement.

Algeria’s tighter economic circumstances have hindered the state’s ability to provide services properly. Inflation and a concomitant increase in the cost of living have made it more difficult for many to secure daily needs.

Energy consumption is also rising at a fast pace in the country, so much that the national gas company, Sonatrach, estimates that it will exceed domestic production by 2025 if better efficiency and new fields are not found. Algeria is, therefore, in dire need of economic diversification.

Tebboune’s  government is entitled to carry out the required economic reforms to end the economy’s reliance on oil through the new economic growth paradigm, empowering the private sector and reshaping the social contract. Former governments have sought to implement similar reforms, but their bids fell short of achieving the goals.

Socially, Tebboune granted a presidential pardon to up to 15000 prisoners and released some of  Hirak detainees, including revered national figure Lakhdar Bouregaa and those arrested for their public statements, their posts on social networks, the carrying of the Berber flag, their activism, etc. This latter has become over the weeks one of the main demands of the popular movement, as the trauma of widespread arrests has had a multiplier effect on protesters.

Internationally, Algeria is getting more involved in regional issues, promising to meditate for finding solutions to unrest in neighboring Libya and the Sahel region. 

In his first speech since being sworn into office, President Abdelmadjid Tebboune confirmed Algiers’ previous stances on various policies, stressing on Algeria’s fundamental principles, namely: the defense of national independence, the recovery of national identity, the denial of any form of interference, refusal of any foreign military base on its soil, rejection of alliance policy and military pacts, and active participation in the struggle against underdevelopment and poverty, principle of reciprocity, the non-interference in other countries’ internal affairs and the peaceful settlement of crises.

 Algeria remains a pivotal country at the African, Mediterranean and Arab levels. During Bouteflika post-era, Algeria continues to play a leading role in the settlement of different crises as it did in the past in Mali where an agreement was signed in Algeria’s capital “Algiers” bringing the warring parties together. It categorically rejects the formulation of alliances to attack sovereign countries, for instance, it refused, in the strongest terms, to join the Saudi-led Military Alliance, considering it as an act of aggression.

Regarding Western Sahara,  Tebboune highlighted Algiers’ policy towards this conflict, renewing the country’s unwavering and unconditional support for the legitimate right of the Sahrawi people to self-determination through a free and fair referendum, and to stand by its side to reach a permanent solution to its just cause in accordance with international law and legitimacy, in line with the United Nations doctrine of decolonization.

Broaching the situation in Libya, Algeria is still attached to the stability of this country, refusing to be kept out of the settlement process.

Algeria, under the leadership of President Tebboune, will continue to play a leading role in the resolution of the crisis in Libya. The main principles of the Algerian initiative are known. The solution can only be political and peaceful and can only come from the Libyans themselves with international support and notably neighboring countries.

Algeria has, as part of its efforts aimed at reaching a solution to the Libyan crisis, relaunched, this year, several mechanisms gave the effects of the Libyan conflict on this country. Algiers hosted, on January 13th, the foreign minister meeting of Libya’s neighboring countries (Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Chad, Sudan, and Niger) to establish coordination and promote dialogue between these countries and the international players so that to accompany the Libyans in the revitalization of the political settlement process of the crisis through an inclusive dialogue between the different Libyan parties.

Besides, Former Algerian foreign minister Ramtane Lamamra is being considered as UN envoy to Libya, after Ghassan Salame resigned from the post earlier this month. United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has been consulting with U.N. Security Council members about appointing former Algerian Foreign Minister Ramtane Lamamra as his new Libya envoy,

With respect to Arab causes, President Tebboune remains stressing that the Palestinian issue is a constant of the foreign policy of the Algerian state. Algeria will remain a support for Palestine and its people who are fighting against a brute colonial force until the achievement of its independent state.

More recently, Algeria voiced rejection of the Middle East peace plan sponsored by US President Donald Trump, which gives the Zionist Entity the right to have Jerusalem El Quds as its capital.

Besides, Algeria still asks the League of Arab States to end the freeze on Syria’s membership and to re-represent it again in its meetings and activities, especially that this year’s Summit will be held in Algeria. Syria has been suspended from the Arab League since 2012, when a coalition of countries, led by Saudi Arabia and Qatar, voted to suspend their membership.

According to Algerian Radio, Boukadoum said: “the absence of Syria has caused great harm to the League and the Arabs.” He would add that “we must push for the return of Syria’s membership and work for Damascus to return to the League of Arab States.”

Internally, the protest movement remains unstructured and leaderless, with some opposition figures refusing to get involved in dialogue with the President. However, this lack of leadership became a disadvantage as polarising opinions on strategy and future objectives and steps become more common.

Protest movements in Algeria, for the second year, are still thronging the streets. Two months ago, they marked the first anniversary of  Hirak, this unprecedented protest movement in the country. All the indicators say that it is to continue after the coronavirus is repelled because grievances have not been all addressed.

True the presidential election of December 12, 2019, has put an end to the institutional vacuum. It is, therefore, necessary for the newly elected President to face reality and take charge of the economic and social challenges.

The newly-elected Algerian president is facing complex political and economic challenges. He has inherited a tough economic situation from his predecessor, as the country’s foreign reserves have dropped to around 35 billion U.S. dollars following the slump of oil prices in the global market.

A few months later, his government is entitled to carry out the required economic reforms to end the economy’s reliance on oil through the new economic growth paradigm, empowering the private sector and reshaping the social contract. Former governments have sought to implement similar reforms, but their bids fell short of achieving the goals.

Politically, a total transformation and core reforms are needed, including a new constitution and a new electoral system as promised by the president, taking into account authentic democratic principles such as; free and fair elections, genuinely independent political parties, political participation, and freedom of expression.

SAA Units Find Weapons, Caves & Tunnels in Cleanup; Erdogan’s Terrorists Breach CoH 19 Times

 

weapons and munition found by the SAA in a former clothing factory
Imagine a western clothing factory stripped of equipment & turned into a bomb-making plant.

SAA units cleaning up areas liberated from al Qaeda terrorists have, as usual, found large stashes of weapons, stolen manufacturing plants having equipment replaced with bomb-making, and more caves and tunnels. Erdogan’s takfiri have breached the Cessation of Hostilities agreement in the Idlib de-escalation zone nineteen (19) times since 00:01 6 March — though Team Erdogan only listed one (1).

Among the breaches by the Erdogan regime takfiri savages announced on 7 March, were four rockets fired into the villages of Hazarin and Aldar-Alkaber, southern Idlib countryside. The result of the bombings were only material damages.

Also on 7 March, the swamp drunk Trump regime illegally delivered another military shipment to al Qaeda in Syria; from SANA: “The US occupation forces on Saturday sent a new convoy of trucks loaded with military and logistical reinforcements to the Syrian territories in another breach of international law.

“Local sources said that the 10 trucks have entered Syrian territories, coming from Iraq through al-Waleed illegal crossing point, and moved from al-Ya’aroubyia to the US occupation base at Kharab-Aljer airport in al-Malkyia area in Qamishli countryside.”

Kelly Craft, American diplomat who breached both the UN Charter and international law in her recent visit to Turkey and her illegal entry into Syria, bragged that the US had spent 10 billion (with a “b”) dollars in the SAR since the beginning of the NATO Spring against the Levantine country, adding another $108 million to the kitty. At the time of Clinton’s SoS tenure, the Obama administration had sent almost one billion in aid to the terrorist ‘rebels.’

American infrastructure is collapsing. People CrowdFund for medical bills. Homelessness is epidemic. Nonetheless, US has spent $10 Billion to destroy Syria.

After ridding neighborhoods of human pathogens, Syrian military units — including sappers — must do a thorough cleansing of the regions, to safely remove the gifts of landmines and IEDs the savages always leave behind, before civilians can safely return to their homes, or what may be left of them.

On 6 March, another large cache of NATO weapons — including US TOWs — was found in the recently liberated Saraqib.

Army units discovered three takfiri savages hideouts in the Kafr Hamra region of Aleppo countryside, on 6 March. Where once there had been clothing and textile dyeing factories, had been deformed into weapons manufacturing sites, looted of all original equipment (the human pathogens have been looting Syrian infrastructure and selling equipment cheaply, to Turkey, since 2012) and now abandoned. Large quantities of missiles, mortars, IEDs, and even the Jahannam [hell] cannons were found where once sewing machines and textile equipment once existed.

In order for those who never heard of the Hell Cannon, we share a video from 2016, which shows how dear freedom is to NATO’s beloved rebels, how only three of its bombs destroyed a six floor apartment building while an Islam-hating Wahhabi blasphemes as though he were in a particular throe:

Some of our readers may recognize a terrorist flag stamped on one of the buildings; Syria News screengrabbed it for a side-by-side group photo showing diversity among al Qaeda factions of human pathogens, not one of which would be tolerated in any NATO country:

Also on 6 March, not long after the CoH went into effect, Syrian air defenses destroyed two drones in Jableh, which were headed to the military base in Hmeimim.

— Miri Wood

Related News

SYRIAN ARMY ELIMINATES TURKISH-AFFILIATED FIELD COMMANDER IN SOUTHEAST IDLIB

South Front

15.02.2020

The Syrian Arab Army (SAA) has eliminated a military commander of the Turkish-backed National Front for Liberation (NFL), opposition sources revealed on February 15.

The commander, identified by his nom de guerre “Abu Muslim Taoum,” was killed on February 9 in clashes with army units in the town of al-Taliyah in the southeastern Idlib countryside.

Abu Muslim was reportedly the commander of Jaysh al-Ahrar’s Special Forces. The group is one of the key members of the NFL.

Syrian Army Eliminates Turkish-Affiliated Field Commander In Southeast Idlib

Abu Muslim Taoum

Several militants were killed alongside Abu Muslim, three of them were identified by local activists as Abu Mohamad al-Sham, Abu Mohamad al-Hamui and Abu Adana Taftanaz.

Earlier this week, the Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) neutralized a senior al-Qaeda commander, who was taking part in a Turkish-led attack on SAA positions in western Aleppo.

Turkish-backed militants and al-Qaeda-affiliated groups in Greater Idlib have been fighting side by side against the SAA for more than a year now. Turkey is now reportedly providing all of them with military support.

More on this topic:

Putin Marks 75th Anniversary of WWII With Speech Warning About Looming Global Conflict!

February 07, 2020

Full Transcript : http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/62732

Presentation of foreign ambassadors’ letters of credence

February 5, 202013:45The Kremlin, Moscow

Vladimir Putin received letters of credence from 23 newly-appointed foreign ambassadors. The ceremony was held in the Grand Kremlin Palace’s Alexander Hall.

Letters of credence were presented to the President of Russia by Graeme Leslie Meehan (Australia), Lotfi Bouchaara (Kingdom of Morocco), Zhang Hanhui (People’s Republic of China), Malena Mard (Kingdom of Sweden), Geza Andreas von Geyr (Germany), Brian McElduff (Ireland), Miroslav Lazanski (Republic of Serbia), Sadasivan Premjith (Republic of Singapore), Eat Seyla (Kingdom of Cambodia), Ekaterini Nassika (Hellenic Republic),Abdulrahman Hamid Mohammed Al-Hussaini (Republic of Iraq), Mohamed Sherif Kourta (People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria), Dulamsuren Davaa (Mongolia), Tarak ben Salem (Republic of Tunisia), Kazem Jalali (Islamic Republic of Iran), Kamrul Ahsan (People’s Republic of Bangladesh), Deborah Jane Bronnert (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland), Si’alei van Toor (New Zealand), Alison LeClaire (Canada), Pierre Levy (French Republic), John J. Sullivan (United States), Efrain Villarreal Arenales (Republic of Panama) and Yermek Kosherbayev (Republic of Kazakhstan).

* * *

President of Russia Vladimir Putin: Colleagues, ladies and gentlemen,

I would like to welcome you in the Kremlin at this ceremony to present your credentials and to congratulate you on officially commencing your diplomatic activities here in Russia.

You have an important and serious mission: to promote the development of comprehensive relations between the countries you represent and Russia. We proceed from the fact that you will be responsible for expanding our political dialogue and trade and economic ties as well as deepening cultural exchanges and promoting people-to-people contacts. And we are sincerely interested in making your embassies’ work in these key spheres successful. You can always count on the help of the Russian official agencies as well as businesses and civil circles. All your useful endeavours will definitely be supported.

This year marks the 75th anniversary of the end of WWII. In May we invite foreign leaders and delegations to attend celebrations marking the great Victory in Moscow to commemorate the memory of millions of victims, pay tribute to the veterans and show our committal to the ideals of peace, freedom and justice. The victor countries, members of the anti-Hitler coalition, made these ideals the foundation of the post-war world order embodied in the United Nations Charter 75 years ago.

Unfortunately, nowadays humankind is coming ever closer to a dangerous line. Regional conflicts are multiplying, the threats of terrorism and extremism are growing and the arms control system is being uprooted. The global economy is also unstable.

Ladies and gentlemen,

Today’s ceremony is attended by the heads of diplomatic missions of 23 countries of Europe, Asia, Africa, America and Australia. By tradition, I would like to say a few words about our bilateral relations.

Russia favours pragmatic and business-like cooperation with Australia. We are giving support to the business circles of both countries in their effort to implement mutually beneficial joint projects and are facilitating the expansion of humanitarian contacts.

We are satisfied with the present state of collaboration with Morocco. Our states have achieved decent results in mutual trade, agriculture, and deep-sea fisheries. There are opportunities for advanced Russian technologies and R&D results to reach the Moroccan market.

Our relations with the People’s Republic of China are at an unprecedentedly high level. In fact, this is a comprehensive strategic partnership. Bilateral trade is consistently being built up. The Power of Siberia gas pipeline has been put into operation. Ties in the field of defence and military-technical cooperation are developing successfully. In April, we are planning to launch the Russian-Chinese cross Year of Scientific, Technological and Innovation Cooperation. Our two countries coordinate their positions on key global and regional problems and work in unison at international organisations and associations, including the UN, BRICS, and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. China and all of us have come face to face with the threat of the coronavirus. Leaders of the PRC have been taking resolute and energetic measures to halt the epidemic. We are ready to render help and every kind of assistance to the friendly Chinese people.

We are keen to promote cooperation with Sweden in the spirit of good-neighbourliness and mutual respect. Held in St Petersburg last year, our talks with Prime Minister Stefan Löfven have confirmed that our two countries have the capacity for invigorating our economic, cultural and humanitarian contacts and for joint work on matters related to the Baltic Sea and other regional affairs.

Russia attaches much importance to promoting constructive collaboration with the Federal Republic of Germany. We regularly discuss with Ms Chancellor Angela Merkel current international and bilateral issues. We have supported the idea to hold a conference on a Libyan settlement in Berlin and participated in it in the most pro-active manner. Russia and the FRG are intensifying their mutually beneficial cooperation in trade, investment, and energy, and we intend to continue this joint positive work.

Russia and Ireland are striving for closer trade and economic cooperation, including in high technology, innovation and agriculture. There are opportunities for bilateral cooperation in education, culture and similar areas.

Russia and Serbia are linked by a strategic partnership that relies on traditions of friendship and the cultural, spiritual and historical affinity of our fraternal peoples. Last December, meaningful talks were held with President Aleksandar Vucic in Sochi. Important agreements were reached on bilateral cooperation in an entire range of areas: the economy, trade, the power industry, culture and coordination on regional matters. Russia is doing much to help maintain the situation in the Balkans stable and safe. We want Belgrade and Pristina to reach a mutually acceptable solution to the Kosovo problem on the basis of UN Security Council Resolution 1244.

Singapore is Russia’s highly promising partner in the Asia-Pacific Region. We appreciate our political dialogue that is actively promoting practical cooperation. The implementation of the free trade agreement signed by the Eurasian Economic Union and Singapore at the end of last year is designed to give an impetus to mutual trade and investment growth. We hope to conclude a Russia-Singapore bilateral agreement on services and investment.

We are friends and partners with the Kingdom of Cambodia. We are interested in further developing our relations in diverse areas, including politics and security, trade and investment, as well as educational and other people-to-people exchanges.

I am convinced that the further development of relations between Russia and the Hellenic Republic meets the interests of our states and certainly aligns with the centuries-old traditions of friendship and mutual affinity between our nations. In addition to our cooperation in politics, the economy and the power industry, there are good opportunities for expanding our contacts in tourism and culture. In this context, I would like to mention the current Cross Year of Language and Literature.

Russia and Iraq have accumulated a wealth of experience of mutually beneficial cooperation in many spheres, including the fuel and energy sector. Russia firmly stands for the preservation of Iraq’s sovereignty and territorial integrity and has helped to ensure Iraqi security. We believe that efforts towards internal political stability in Iraq should be taken within the framework of a broad national dialogue based on respect for the interests of all citizens, regardless of their ideological beliefs and ethnic and religious backgrounds.

Russia has strong and friendly ties with Algeria. The presidential election held there late last year was a big step towards political and social reform in your country. We support Algeria’s balanced policy in international and regional affairs. We see good possibilities for building up our economic and military technical cooperation and for coordinating our efforts in the interests of stronger stability and security in North Africa and the Sahel-Saharan zone. I recently had a short conversation with your President in Berlin. I hope to see him in Russia soon.

Mongolia is a good neighbour and a tried and tested friend. Last year Russia and Mongolia celebrated the 80th anniversary of victory in the Battle of Khalkhin Gol and signed a termless Treaty on Friendly Relations and Comprehensive Strategic Partnership. We consider it reasonable to complement our close political interaction with practical projects in trade, investment and humanitarian spheres. We are satisfied with the development of the trilateral Russia-Mongolia-China dialogue. We would like to see Mongolia more actively involved in operations of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation as well.

We are resolved to further strengthen bilateral cooperation with Tunis, which is among Russia’s traditional partners in the Middle East and North Africa. We are ready to work together on current regional matters, including a settlement in Libya.

Russia enjoys friendly and mutually respectful relations with Iran. Major bilateral projects in the energy sector, including nuclear energy, in railway transport and other sectors of the economy are steadily expanding. An interim agreement to create a free trade area between Iran and the EAEU came into force in 2019 and gave an additional boost to Russian-Iranian trade and investment relations. We plan to promote cooperation with Iran in fighting international terrorism, coordinate our actions as part of the Astana process and facilitate a settlement in Syria. Russia will continue to make efforts to preserve the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action for the Iranian nuclear programme. We believe this international agreement is critically important for global and regional stability.

Russian-Bangladeshi ties are quite dynamic. Trade is up, and a major project to build Bangladesh’s first nuclear power station, Rooppur, is in progress. Given the proximity of our respective states’ approaches to most pressing regional problems, we look forward to continuing close cooperation at the UN and other multilateral organisations.

The current state of relations between Russia and Great Britain can hardly be considered satisfactory by either side. We are convinced that restoring a mutually respectful political dialogue, strengthening trade and economic exchanges, and building up cultural and people-to-people contacts is in our common interest. We are ready for this.

We stand for promoting Russia-New Zealand ties in trade, investment and culture. We find it useful to interact on international issues, including counterterrorism, climate change and research in the Antarctic.

We are open to cooperation with Canada based on mutual respect for and consideration of each other’s interests. Canada and Russia are neighbours in the Arctic and share common responsibility for ensuring the sustainable development of this vast region, preserving the traditional way of life of the indigenous peoples and taking good care of its fragile ecosystem.

France is one of Russia’s key international partners. We maintain contacts with President Macron, hold regular meetings, discuss issues such as a settlement in Libya, Syria and the Middle East in general, and interact on the Ukraine crisis within the Normandy format. At a bilateral summit held in Fort de Bregancon last August, we agreed to work jointly on ensuring stability and security in Europe. Economic ties between Russia and France, including in industry and energy, continue to expand. On January 16, the Russian Seasons festival opened in France. It is designed to promote friendship and mutual understanding between the peoples of our countries.

Global peace and security largely depend on the state of relations between Russia and the United States, as well as on their stability and predictability. We are convinced that these relations should hinge on the principles of equality, respect for sovereignty and non-interference in each other’s domestic affairs. We are ready for detailed dialogue with the American side, including on arms control and strategic stability, the fight against terrorism and the peaceful resolution of regional crises. For us, it is absolutely obvious that resuming constructive bilateral collaboration meets the interests of Russia, the United States and the entire world.

We advocate the further development of ties with the Republic of Panama, efforts to streamline the legal framework, cooperation and expanded contacts on the economic agenda. We will continue to encourage educational exchanges and help train specialists for Panama.

Relations between Russia and Kazakhstan are an example of reliable strategic partnership and allied cooperation. Bilateral collaboration is based on solid historical, cultural and spiritual bonds between our nations. We appreciate the current level of trust and collaboration with the leaders of Kazakhstan. Last year, we held nine meetings with President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev. And, of course, we maintain close contacts with our good friend Nursultan Nazarbayev. Sustainable integration within the Eurasian Economic Union continues to develop largely through joint efforts of Russia and Kazakhstan. Trade and economic relations between our countries are expanding in all areas, including in industry, energy and investment. Russia and Kazakhstan closely coordinate their approaches to matters on the international agenda. It is common knowledge that our Kazakhstani partners provided a venue for launching the Astana negotiating process to achieve a Syrian peace settlement.

Ladies and gentlemen,

Intensive but highly interesting work awaits all of you. I hope that you will be able to get to know Russia better, feel its pulse and watch our country accomplish important and ambitious tasks of political, economic and social development. I also hope that you will provide real assistance in expanding bilateral ties between Russia and the states you represent and will facilitate stronger friendship and mutual understanding between our nations. I wish you every success and all the best.

Thank you.

ثورات معقَّمة

مايو 10, 2019

ناصر قنديل

– لا يمكن إلا الشعور بالفرح لعدم انزلاق الأوضاع في الجزائر والسودان نحو الفوضى أو الخيارات الدموية، ونجاح المعنيين في الشارع والحراك الشعبي والقوات المسلحة معاً في إيجاد مساحة للخلاف والتفاهم تحول دون الخيارات التي عصفت بالبلدان التي عرفت النسخة الأولى من الربيع العربي.

– الأسئلة الكبرى التي يطرحها وضع النسخة الجديدة من الربيع العربي تتصل بغياب كامل لأي إشارة جدية لرؤية جناحي الأحداث في الحراك الشعبي وقواه من جهة والجيش من جهة مقابلة تجاه الخيارات الكبرى للدول التي تتصل بالسياسات كأن الثورة تقول إن لا مشكلة لها مع سياسات النظام السابق وقضيتها تقتصر على الشأن الداخلي. وهذا يعني أنها حركة من داخل النظام رغم الكلام المعاكس عن ثورة لأن الثورة تُعيد صياغة كل شيء وترفع صوتها على كل ما هو نافر في السياسات السابقة تجاه القضايا المتصلة بالهوية. وحتى الآن لم نسمع كلمة عن موقف من السياسات الأميركية في المنطقة وسوق النفط وثروات الجزائر الهائلة وعلاقاتها بالشركات العالمية الكبرى، ولا عن الوضع العربي ومكانة الجزائر فيه، ولا عن فلسطين التي لم تغب يوماً عن هموم الجزائريين واهتماماتهم، وقد شكلت حضوراً منذ أيام استقلال الجزائر، مع أحمد بن بلة والهواري بومدين.

– في السودان تبدو الأمور أشدّ وضوحاً، فالغريب العجيب أن السودان الذي يشارك في حرب اليمن منذ عهد الرئيس عمر البشير، لم يرد طلب عودة قواته إلى الوطن في حركة الشارع والاعتصام المستمر أمام قيادة الجيش منذ شهر ونيّف. وهو مطلب عادي طبيعي إنساني يرد في أي حركة احتجاجية في أي بلد تشترك قواته المسلحة في حرب ليس له فيها يد ولا مصلحة وترتكب فيها المجازر ويساءل قادة العالم على درجة مسؤولياتهم فيها، ويموت فيها الجنود والضباط بلا قضية. ولا يمكن إنكار العلاقة بين هذه المشاركة والمال الخليجي الذي يصل إلى السودان بما يسيء للجيش السوداني والحركة الشعبية فيه بقبول صيغة تبدو أقرب لتحويل الجيش إلى قوات مرتزقة تشارك في الحروب الخارجية لقاء المال بدلاً من القضية، والأشدّ غرابة ومصدراً للعجب أن الإعلان الوحيد الصادر عن المجلس العسكري المتصل بمكانة السودان العربية والدولية جاء لتأكيد بقاء الجيش في حرب اليمن، والأغرب أن الحراك الشعبي الذي علق بالسلبية على الكثير الكثير مما قاله المجلس العسكري التزم الصمت تجاه هذا الإعلان.

– أما فلسطين التي نثق أنها في مكانة خاصة في عقول وقلوب السودانيين والجزائريين فقد شهدت حرباً إسرائيلية دموية خلال الأيام التي كان الآلاف من شباب الحراك الشعبي يملأون شوارع السودان والجزائر، من دون أن نشهد علماً فلسطينياً أو إعلان تضامن أو هتافاً أو خطاباً يتصل بما يجري فيها، والأمر لا علاقة له بالاشتغال بالشأن الداخلي، ولا بمفهوم الانتماء للعروبة أو للإسلام، فما تشهده فنزويلا من مخاطر داخلية أكبر بكثير، ولا صلة تربطها بهوية قومية أو دينية بفلسطين، لكن فلسطين تحضر في كل محطات الحضور الشعبي فيها، ولهذا تفسير واحد هو الضوابط التي لا تلتزمها القيادة الفنزويلية كقيادة حرة، بينما تتقيّد بها القيادات الشعبية والعسكرية في الجزائر والسودان، لالتزامها بسقوف تحول دون حضور فلسطين، وتلزمها بحصر السياسة ضد النظام السابق وفي التنافس في ما بينها والنظر للنظام الجديد، بقضية واحدة هي تقاسم السلطة، ولذلك لا يعنينا ما يجري إلا بمقدار عدم الانزلاق نحو الفوضى وعدم المساس بوحدة البلاد وسلمها الأهلي، ونشدّ على أيدي المعنيين لهذا الالتزام، لكننا نعتذر عن وصف ما يجري بالثورة أو بالتغيير الجذري، طالما أن مسائل الاستقلال الوطني والمواجهة مع مشاريع الهيمنة، والالتزام بفلسطين تشكل شأناً ثانوياً لا يستحق الذكر.

Related Articles

تحديد الأدوار السياسيّة العلنيّة للجيوش العربيّة.. لماذا؟

مايو 9, 2019

د. وفيق إبراهيم

الجيوش العربية «تعود مجدّداً» لإدارة السياسة وذلك بعد أكثر من نصف قرن من التمويه بواجهات قيادية مدنية من أصول عسكرية. فرجعت قرقعة السلاح وألبسة الكاكي والبلاغات رقم «1» المتواصلة.

لماذا هذه العودة إلى العلنيّة ومن دون وسيط؟

للتذكير فقط فإنّ معظم الجيوش في المنطقة العربية قلّصت في المرحلة الماضية من أدوارها السياسية المباشرة، لكنها احتفظت بدور الداعم للأنظمة والمشرفة على تحوّل بعض جنرالاتها، قيادات مدنية ببدلات وربطات عنق من ماركات فرنسية معطرة.

لذلك فإنّ سيطرة الجيوش في أربعة بلدان عربية على السلطات السياسية فيها مثير للريبة، خصوصاً أنّ مساحاتها تزيد عن ستة ملايين كيلومتر مربع وسكانها نحو مئتين مليون نسمة مع مواقع استراتيجية هامة.

اللافت أنّ هذه العودة تتقاطع مع ثلاثة أحداث مستجدة: اندحار الإرهاب القاعدي الداعشي ذي الأصول الوهابية، ثانياً تراجع النفوذ الأميركي في سورية والعراق، وثالثاً تشكل حراك شعبي كبير وضاغط، نجح بإسقاط رئاسة بوتفليقة في الجزائر والبشير في السودان، دافعاً ليبيا نحو حرب بين بقايا جيشها بقيادة السراج. والمثير أنّ الرئيس المصري عبد الفتاح السيسي الذي وصل إلى السلطة بانقلاب نفّذه الجيش المصري في 3 أيام التقى مؤخراً بالرئيس الأميركي دونالد ترامب، وعاد ليعدّل الدستور بما يسمح للرئيس السيسي بالبقاء في ولايات رئاسية متعددة لغاية 2030 كمدني يحكم بواسطة الجيش.

للمزيد من التوضيح، فإنّ انتفاضات شعبية جزائرية بدأت قبل أشهر عدة احتجاجاً على التدهور الاقتصادي المريع الذي أصاب البلاد بحكم وهميّ من رئيس مُصاب بجلطات دماغية منذ 2013 أفقدته الحركة والإدراك. مشكلاً واجهة لحكم من رجال الأعمال وقادة الجيش، فتحرّك الجيش عندما شعر أنّ الحراك كبير وثابت وذاهب نحو إسقاط النظام. وبحركة احتوائية انقلب الجيش على بوتفليقة مسرحيّاً معلناً تسلم السلطة انتقالياً لمدة عامين وذلك لإعادة «بناء المؤسسات الدستورية والاقتصادية وتسليمها للمدنيين»، كما زعم.

لكن الوضع الآن يدفع نحو صدام بين قيادة جيش متمسكة بالسلطة وبين حراك شعبي يرفض دور الجيش في السياسة، ما يُنذر بصدامات مرتقبة.

هذا ما حدث أيضاً في السودان التي تمكّن حراكها من إقصاء الرئيس عمر البشير، لكن قيادة الجيش سارعت بحركة مسرحية احتوائية الى اعتقال البشير وتسلّم السلطة… وهي الآن في نزاع مع حراك شعبي لم يترك الميادين مُصرّاً على حقه في إدارة السلطة السياسية.

أما في ليبيا، فالمعارك مستمرّة وسط «بازار» سياسي دولي تتنافس فيه قوى كبرى وأوروبية وإقليمية وعربية.

فمما تتكوّن هذه الجيوش؟

تتألف الجيوش العربية من طابقين: القيادة في صفوف الضباط وهم أبناء طبقات وسطى تمكّنوا بنظام الترفيع العسكري من إدراك مواقع قيادية، جرى استخدامها كثيراً في التفاعلات السياسية، حتى أصبحت تشارك كثيراً في إنتاج قراراتها.

أما الأنفار منهم فهم أبناء الأرياف الذين يشكلون جسماً وطنياً فعلياً ويمثلون كلّ التعدّدية العرقية والطائفية والقومية الموجودة في بلدانها.. هذه الشرائح هي الوحيدة التي تعبّر عن سمات أوطانها بشكل كامل، لكنها تصبح رهينة القيادة العليا المسيّسة أو التي تعمل لخدمة الطبقات السياسية ورجال الأعمال.

أما لجهة الحراكات الشعبية فإنها هامة جداً، إنما في الجزء الأول من انتفاضتها.. والتي تنبثق من أسباب اقتصادية تتقاطع مع دوافع سياسية. لكن المشكلة في أبناء هذه الحراكات أنّها تندمج في ما بينها مؤقتاً، لأنها تعود بعد انتصارها ومراوحتها إلى انقساماتها الأساسية من العرقية والطائفية والفئوية.

أما لماذا تفعل ذلك فلأنّ حركة الاندماج الوطني التاريخية الضرورية لم تحصل بين أبناء المكوّنات المتناقضة لإعادة صهرهم وبناء مواطن قابل لأن يتخلى عن طوائفه وعرقه لمصلحة وطنه.

للتنويه، فإنّ الدول المدنية التاريخية قامت فور انتصار حركاتها الشعبية التاريخية بدمج داخلي على أسس ثلاثة، العدالة السياسية والاقتصادية والاجتماعية، أيّ المساواة في الحقوق السياسية وفتح المناصب لكلّ الناس، وتوزيع المال العام على المكوّنات الاجتماعية، بعدل ومن دون تحيّز لقبيلة أو عرق أو دين، أما اجتماعياً فللمواطن الحق في الانتماء إلى الدين الذي يريده إنما من دون أن يستعمله في السياسة.. حتى أنّ الزواج هو إلزامي فقط في «البلديّة».

لقد استلزم تطبيق هذه العدالات قرناً ونصف قرن حتى لم يعُد الفرنسي يعرف مَن هو الكاثوليكي ومَن هو الأرثوذكسي. ولم يعد المواطن الأميركي يعرف مَن هو الكاثوليكي أو الإنجيلي، ومَن هو من ذوي الأصول الفرنسية او الانجلوساكسونية أو من نتاج سلالات بيضاء روسية ويونانية أو أخرى.

وهذا احتاج إلى أقلّ من قرن حتى أدركت أوروبا وأميركا وأوستراليا مرحلة الدمج لعصبيات مختلفة جرى توحيدها بالسياسة والاقتصاد والاجتماع.

الخوف إذاً موجود في العلاقات التبعية بين قيادات الجيوش والسياسات الخارجية السعودية ـ الإمارات ـ الأميركيون ـ الفرنسيون ـ البريطانيون… بالإضافة إلى ارتباطات قياداتها برجال الأعمال، وكما انّ توقيت تحركها يكشف أنها محاولة لمنع تأسيس دول مدنية او تأمين اندماج يعزز من قوة الأوطان.

فهل تمنع الجيوش إعادة بناء بلدانها؟ إنّ توقيت عودتها مشبوه، خصوصاً في حركة مواكبته لاندحار الإرهاب وتقلص الهيمنة الأميركية، فهل بإمكان الجيوش التعويض على المشاريع الأميركية الخاسرة؟

يبدو انّ الحشود تتقدّم نحو استكمال أدوارها، إنما بعد اضطرابات مرتقبة قد يكون بمقدورها ان تفرض على الجيوش التراجع التدريجي والعودة إلى الثكنات وإنهاء محاولاتها للسيطرة على الدور السياسي، لذلك فإنّ المنطقة العربية تسرع نحو اضطرابات من نوع جديد، لكنها لن تكون أكثر سوءاً من الإرهاب الذي ضرب المنطقة في العقد الأخير.

توازن رعب يخيّم على المنطقة

أبريل 19, 2019

ناصر قنديل

– تبدو المنطقة في ظل فراغ سياسي لا أفق لتخطّيه في المدى المنظور، فالتمسك الأميركي بأولوية إرضاء الشهوات الإسرائيلية المنفلتة من الضوابط كلها، وما تعنيه هذه الأولوية من رفع لمنسوب التوتر وإحلال التصعيد مكان التهدئة ولغة المواجهة مكان لغة التفاوض، من جهة، ومن جهة مقابلة ربط كل الملفات المفتوحة في المنطقة من اليمن إلى سورية ولبنان والعراق بالعلاقة الأميركية الإيرانية، التي قررت إدارة الرئيس دونالد ترامب ربطها بالشروط الإسرائيلية، التي تجعل إيجاد سقف سياسي مشترك لأي من أزماتها أمراً مستحيلاً. وعندما يكون أفق التسويات مغلقاً ويكون التوتر في تصاعد، تصير المنطقة مكشوفة ومحكومة بتطوراتها بصدفة لا يعلم أحد مدى تستدرج القوى المتقابلة للانزلاق إلى حلقات أعلى من التوتر، وربما المواجهة، وكل مواجهة بلا سقوف تصير مفتوحة على احتمالات الأسوأ، وهو الحرب التي يسعى الجميع لتفاديها، لإدراك أن لا أفق لنصر حاسم أو لكلفة معقولة لأي حرب، وهذا هو توازن الرعب، بدلاً من توازن الدرع الذي يعني ضمان عدم الانزلاق نحو الحرب، الذي حكم سنوات ماضية رغم ضراوة المواجهات التي شهدتها.

– على طرفي المواجهة في الإقليم تقف واشنطن وموسكو على ضفتي اشتباك مفتوح في جبهات متعددة، خلافاً لكل المراحل الماضية، ولا يبدو للحوار بعد فرصة لصناعة التسويات، فمن فنزويلا إلى سورية وأوكرانيا، وصولاً إلى السودان والجزائر وليبيا، تقف واشنطن في ضفة وتقف موسكو في ضفة مقابلة، وعندما تتقدّم إحداهما كانت الأخرى تتراجع، بينما نراها اليوم تتقدم، ومثلما جاءت واشنطن إلى سورية ولم تراع كونها من المحيط الأمني الحيوي لروسيا، ذهبت موسكو إلى فنزويلا، والتوتر المتصاعد لن يعني وقوع الحرب بين الدولتين العظميين، بل زيادة توازن الرعب الحاكم في المنطقة.

– بالتوازي لا تبدو أميركا و»إسرائيل» قادرتين على التقدم في المجال العسكري، لذلك تخوضان حرباً مالية تتولاها واشنطن، وحرباً إعلامية ونفسية تخوضها تل أبيب، وفيما يبدو محور المقاومة مقتدراً على الصعيد العسكري، إلا أنه يبدو متحسباً للانزلاق من أي خطوة عسكرية محسوبة نحو مواجهة أكبر، ولذلك تبدو الاستعراضات الإسرائيلية العسكريّة ضمن إطار الدعاية العسكرية الإعلامية والنفسية، قادرة على اللعب في الوقت الضائع، لكنها حذرة من إيقاع أي خسائر بشرية تجعل الرد عليها إلزامياً، وتفتح الباب لتصاعد منسوب المواجهة والتوتر، ويبدو تركيز محور المقاومة على إنهاء الجرح السوري المفتوح للتحرّر من أعبائه، من إدلب إلى المنطقة الشرقية للفرات، لرسم قواعد اشتباك تتناسب مع الحرب المالية والنفسية وتخرج من توازن الرعب القائم.

– ربما يكون في واشنطن وتل أبيب من يتوهّم بمتغيرات نوعية في مصادر قوة محور المقاومة بفعل الحرب المالية، لكن الأكيد أن زمن الاختبار الضروري لهذا الوهم ليس طويلاً، مقابل الإمعان في اختبار مدى زمن صبر محور المقاومة على الاستعراضات العسكرية الإسرائيلية، وعندما تلتقي نهايتا الزمنين، زمن فعالية الحرب المالية وزمن صبر محور المقاومة، مع زمن حسم استرداد الجغرافيا السورية، ستدخل المنطقة في وضع جديد، قد تكون الحرب إحدى مفرداته، ما لم تحدث مفاجأة بحجم تفاهم روسي أميركي على سقوف تسويات كبرى، أو فك حلقات التصعيد بالتدريج بعضها عن بعض. ومرة أخرى تكون سورية هي المقياس، بفصل التسوية حولها عن سائر ملفات المواجهة، وإلا فتوازن الرعب مرشح في العام المقبل للارتفاع إلى حرارة أعلى، والانزلاق نحو نقاط الخطر سيكون وارداً بقوة.

Related Videos

Related Articles

دروس في ذكرى الحرب اللبنانية

أبريل 13, 2019

ناصر قنديل

– قبل أربعة وأربعين عاماً انطلقت الشرارة التي أشعلت حرباً امتدت لخمسة عشر عاماً في لبنان، قبل أن تنتهي باتفاق الطائف الذي أعاد ترسيم حدود التوازنات المحلية والإقليمية التي ستحكم لبنان الخارج من الحرب، والأكيد أن هذا الحدث اللبناني والعربي والإقليمي الكبير وما استدرجه من سياسات وتطوّرات كان الاجتياح الإسرائيلي عام 1982 أبرزها، وكان اتفاق السابع عشر من أيار لإنهاء علاقة لبنان بالصراع مع «إسرائيل»، برعاية أميركية مباشرة وحضور عسكري أميركي مباشر أحد أهم ملامحها الدولية والإقليمية، تحتاج إلى الكثير من الدراسة والبحث لفهم أسبابها العميقة، الأعمق والأبعد من فهم أطراف الحرب لسياق انخراطهم أو تورطهم فيها.

– الدرس الأهم الذي تقوله الحرب اللبنانية خصوصاً للجيل الذي انخرط في غمارها تحت شعارات اعتقد أن الحرب سبيله لتحقيقها، أن الحماسة والصدق لا يعوّضان عدم دقة الحسابات، وأن النيات الطيبة كثيراً ما تخدم في ساحات حساسة وفي لحظات حرجة مشاريع شريرة، فقد ثبت سوء الخيار وعقم الرهان، بعد سنوات من الحرب تكفلت بإحراق الأخضر واليابس وإيقاظ العصبيات والغرائز وتدمير العمران في الحجر والبشر، واستخلاف أجيال ولدت وترعرعت في ثقافة التعصب والقتل والجهل والعصبية على مصير وطن، تقاتل حول هويته ومستقبله قادة الحركة الطالبية والمثقفون والحالمون بالتغيير، كل على هواه ووفق رؤيته. وصار وقف الحرب أغلى من أي هدف يبرر استمرارها، وصار الثابت الوحيد أن الخط الأحمر الذي يجب أن يحكم كل مشروع سياسي حالم يميناً أو يساراً، هو عدم المجازفة بالسلم الأهلي، الذي صار كما المقاومة التي أدارت ظهرها للحرب الداخلية ومقتضيات الانخراط فيها، ثمرتان ذهبيتان يكفي الحفاظ عليهما إطاراً لأي مشروع سياسي جدي، يرى تحسين الأداء السياسي والإصلاح السياسي والتقدّم في بناء الدولة ومهماتها، أهدافاً نبيلة يقتضي الخوض فيها والسعي إليها مع الحذر من الوقوع في محظور المساس بإحدى هاتين الثمرتين أو إحداهما.

– تحتاج الحركات الاحتجاجية الناشئة في العالم العربي، سواء تلك التي اكتوت بخماسين الربيع العربي، أو تلك التي تختبر مشاريعها التغييرية الآن، إلى هذا الدرس ومثله درس ثانٍ حول كون الدولة، كهياكل لإدارة الشأن العام، بمعزل عن درجة صواب خياراتها السياسية الداخلية والخارجية، منجزاً حضارياً وإنسانياً يشكّل التفريط به تحت شعار الثورية والتغيير، عملاً أحمق وقفزة في المجهول ومخاطرة بالذهاب إلى الفوضى وشريعة الغاب واستيلاد أشكال من التوحش السياسي والاجتماعي، تستجلب معها كائنات تناسب استمرارها وتناسلها ثقافة وسلوكاً، تتكفل بخلق سياقها وتناسلها، وتحويل الأوطان ساحات تعبث بها كل أشكال التدخلات الخارجية، وتستثمر فيها كل أجهزة المخابرات، وتستنهض كل العصبيات والغرائز، بحيث يمكن القول بمسؤولية إن الدولة السيئة تبقى أفضل ألف مرة من اللادولة، وإن السعي لتغيير سياسات وأداء الدولة يجب أن يلتزم الحذر من الوقوع في فخ تدمير هياكل الدولة، والذهاب نحو تشريع الفوضى. وهذا لا يجوز أن يعني دعوة للتكلّس والذعر من كل دعوة للتغيير، بل الحذر من التسرّع في إجراء الحسابات واستسهال القفز إلى المجهول.

– أسئلة لا بد من الجواب عليها بتأنٍ حول الحرب اللبنانية ومثلها حروب أخرى، تتصل بالنظرة الغربية لكيانات المنطقة، التي رسمت حدودها بأقلام القناصل وخرائط وزراء الخارجية، وأبرز ما فيها ذلك التلازم بين اتفاق سايكس بيكو ووعد بلفور، والحاجة الوظيفية لترسيم الحدود في تمرير نشوء كيان الاحتلال الاستيطاني في فلسطين، والحاجة لامتصاص الفائض السكاني الناتج عن تهجير الفلسطينيين دون امتلاك فائض قوة يتيح التفكير بالحرب، وتركيب معادلات للديمغرافيا السكانية داخل حدود كيانات الجغرافيا السياسية للكيانات، تتيح تفجيرها من الداخل عند فشلها في تحقيق الهدف، كما حدث مع لبنان، أو عند امتلاكها فائض قوة يهدد أمن «إسرائيل»، كما يحدث اليوم مع لبنان، وكما قالت الحرب على سورية أمس، وكما هو الحال منذ عقد ونيّف في العراق.

– هل بلغ اللبنانيون رشداً سياسياً كافياً لسلوكهم طريق بناء دولة عصيّة على اللعب بتوازنات الديمغرافيا، وعصيّة على الحرب بقوة إدراك قواعد الجغرافيا، وعصيّة على الكسر بالتهديد، وعصيّة على العصر بالإغراءات؟

Related Videos

Related Articles

 

الجيوش الوطنية ضمانة بقاء الأوطان… وتمييز الدولة عن السلطة

أبريل 8, 2019

ناصر قنديل

– من الجزائر إلى ليبيا إلى السودان تعود إلى الظهور المعادلة التي عرفتها سورية ومصر في مواجهة الربيع العربي وتداعياته. وفيما رسمت كل تجربة معالمها الخاصة بقي الجامع المشترك بينها هو حقيقة أن الجيوش الوطنية هي ضمانة بقاء الأوطان، وأن الحملات التي استهدفت الجيوش الوطنية خلال نصف قرن مضى تحت شعارات رفض العسكرة، ومعارك الحريات، وتحوّلت لاحقاً نحو أخذ المجتمعات العربية إلى الفوضى بالسعي لتقويض المؤسسة العسكرية، ونمت على أطرافها ظواهر التناغم والتعايش بين الحكومات الغربية والتيارات الإسلامية المتطرفة، كانت جزءاً من مخطط مبرمج لإسقاط فكرة الدولة الوطنية، تحت شعار مواجهة السلطة. وعندما تسقط الدولة تنشأ دويلات مكانها، وتتوزع الولاءات على حسابها، وتنشطر الأوطان وفقاً لنظرية ربط القومية بالدين، فتتكامل مع مشروع كان قيد الإعداد هو إعلان كيان الاحتلال دولة قومية لليهود.

– لا يزال المسار المتعرّج للأزمة الجزائرية يتسبب بالقلق، لكن مع درجة عالية من الثقة والأمان وفرتهما درجة الحكمة والشجاعة التي أبداها كل من الجيش والشارع، في تمييز الدولة عن السلطة، وربط الجيش بالوطن، وفتح المسار الدستوري على تغيير سلمي يحفظ الدولة والوطن ويتيح التنافس والتناوب على ممارسة السلطة، وفقاً لليقين الذي كرسته الحرب الأميركية على العراق لجهة العلاقة بين تحطيم جدران الدولة والصيغة الوطنية مع إسقاط الجيش. وشيئاً فشيئاً يقترب الاستحقاق الجزائري من اكتشاف عدم وجود وصفة جاهزة للمواءمة بين بنية السلطة وأحلام الشارع، حيث لا تبشّر الأوضاع الحزبية للمعارضة بقدرتها على إنجاب مولود سياسي يقدم بديلاً متفوقاً على النموذج السابق للسلطة، فيبدو الإنجاز الأهم في عدم الانزلاق بموجات الغضب الشعبي نحو تحطيم بنية الدولة، أو السماح بالنيل من الجيش، وترك ما عدا ذلك مفتوحاً على كل الاحتمالات السلمية.

– في السودان تقدّم الجيش وقيادته خطوة من السير على الطريقة الجزائرية بإعلان قيادة الجيش أنها معنية بالأزمة، ودعوتها لسماع صوت الشارع، ورفضها التصادم مع المتظاهرين، ويبدو الشارع الذي يشبه الشارع الجزائري في عدم امتلاك وصفة جاهزة تأتيه من صفوف المعارضة وقياداتها لأخذ السودان نحو خلاص سياسي واقتصادي يقيني، متمسكاً بالتفاعل الإيجابي مع الجيش وعدم الانجرار للخطاب الغوغائي الذي يبيت الشر للسودان بتصوير الجيش مجرد جهاز سلطوي يجب استهدافه تحت شعار الانتفاضة الشعبية للتغيير، في محاولة مشبوهة تتقدم بها بعض الأطراف المسكونة بالشعارات والخلفيات والارتباطات ذاتها للذين وصلوا إلى الحكم على صهوة الربيع العربي وكان ما جلبوه لبلدانهم هو الخراب والفوضى.

– في ليبيا أمسك الجيش بزمام المبادرة وأخذ على عاتقه مهمّة توحيد البلاد وتطهيرها من الجماعات المسلحة ومن التشكيلات المرتبطة بتنظيم القاعدة وداعش والأخوان المسلمين، وتشكّل حملته نحو طرابلس بعدما أعدّ لها العدّة العنوان الأبرز في فرص ليبيا للخروج من محنة، يبدو بوضوح أن الغرب ومن ورائه الأمم المتحدة يريدون لها الاستمرار، وعلى إيقاع تقدّم الجيش الليبي نحو طرابلس تبدو فرص الخلاص أوفر، فبدون وطن موحد وجيش وطني واحد، ستبقى ليبيا بنفطها الوافر ومساحاتها الشاسعة محطّ أنظار اللاعبين والعابثين، لبقائها ساحة ومنعها من العودة دولة.

– الانتباه الروسي لما يجري في ساحات تحضر فيها الجيوش الوطنية، يعبر عن إدراك دبلوماسي للدور السياسي الروسي في المنطقة، ومصر الواقعة على حدود المثلث السوادني الليبي الجزائري مدعوة لتنشيط حضورها المستقل ضماناً لأمنها الوطني واستعداداً لدور يمنحها فرصة رد الاعتبار لدور الجيوش الوطنية.

تحية للجيش الجزائري

أبريل 3, 2019

ناصر قنديل

– في خصوصية تصعب مقارنتها بحالات أخرى لبلاد عربية شهدت حراكاً تحت عنوان التغيير السياسي فشلت محاولات أخذها نحو الفوضى السياسية والأمنية لعب الجيش الجزائري دور صمام الأمان وضابط الإيقاع وبيضة القبان، دون أن يقوم بتولي السلطة مباشرة ودون أن يكون سنداً للسلطة بوجه الحراك الشعبي المنطلق من تعب وإنهاك التمديد والتجديد للرئيس عبد العزيز بوتفليقة لولاية خامسة وهو في حال صحية تصعب معها عليه ممارسة السلطة، ودون أن يستقيل من المسؤولية القيادية تاركاً لتوازن الشارع واللاعبين المستترين الداخليين والخارجيين التحكم بمسار الأحداث.

– نجح الجيش الجزائري بالتدخل وفقاً لمنطق الجرعات التنشيطية لفرض استجابة الرئيس بوتفليقة ومساعديه والفريق المساند لبقائه والمستفيد من هذا البقاء، لسقوف وطنية للحراك الشعبي، عنوانها حفظ المكانة الوطنية للرئيس بوتفليقة، وقطع الطريق على الحاشية الفاسدة والمستفيدة من استغلال التمديد والتجديد لولايته الرئاسية لفرض هيمنتها على المشهد الجزائري، كما نجح بربط الحراك الشعبي بعناوين مفتوحة على سلوك الطرق الدستورية للتغيير، رغم محاولات بعض المعارضة وقادتها دفع الحراك نحو شعارات عبثية من نوع الدعوة لرحيل النظام والرئيس بلا بدائل دستورية تلتزم الانتقال السلمي للسلطة، فقطع الطريق على الفوضى التي تبدأ سياسيّة وسرعان ما تتحوّل وتنتهي فوضى أمنيّة تفتح الباب لمشاريع التفتيت والتقسيم وحضور العصبيات وطغيانها على الحال الوطنية.

– رفض الجيش الوقوع في إغراء وضع اليد على السلطة، وما كان سيرتبه ذلك من جعله هدفاً مباشراً لمواجهة تحاول تحريك الشارع بوجهه، كما كان مرسوماً لو تبنى الدفاع الأعمى عن موقف المحيطين بالرئيس، فشكل ترفعه وتميّزه معاً ضماناً لبقائه معصوماً بنظر الشارع عن الخطيئة التي تبعده عن صفة الوطنية ومكانة الشرف التي يتبوأها في الوجدان العام للجزائريين، فمكّنه ذلك من حماية الوحدة الوطنية كواحدة من الثوابت، ومن تحصين فكرة الدولة ومؤسساتها الدستورية بوجه خطر الانحلال الذي يحضر بقوة في مثل هذه الحالات، ونجح بتشكيل عمود فقري لعمل أمني كبير حمى المتظاهرين وحفظ سلميّة الحراك، وسيطر على كل التحرّكات الجارية تحت الطاولة لفرض مشاريع أمنية تراهن على تعميم الفوضى.

– الجزائر كدولة عربية مفصلية بحجمها واقتصادها وتاريخها، تقع تحت عين الكثيرين من المتربّصين بثرواتها، وموقعها الاستراتيجي، وقد وفّر الفساد وتكلّس النظام السياسي فيها فرصة ذهبية لمخططات هؤلاء المتربصين، سواء في الداخل أو من الخارج، وقد ساهم دور الجيش الجزائري مع خبرة الفئات الشعبية والنخب التي وقفت في قلب الحراك من موقع وطني وفي لتاريخ الجزائر وموقعها بوجه المشاريع الأجنبية، ووفي لتاريخ تضحيات الجزائر بوجه مشاريع الحرب الأهلية، في تفادي تكرار مشاهد شهدتها البلدان التي عرفت النماذج السوداء للربيع العربي، قدمت تأكيداً إضافياً على الدور المحوري للجيوش الوطنية في حماية المسارات الدستورية، وحفظ الثوابت الوطنية، وصيانة الوحدة الوطنية وفرض حتمية سلوك طريق التحوّلات السلمية على الحياة السياسية.

– في ثلاث مراحل تاريخية لعبت الجزائر دور النموذج، فكانت الجزائر التي قدّمت المدرسة المثالية المتقدّمة لمناهضة الاستعمار، وكانت الجزائر أول مَن أحبط في التسعينيات مشاريع الفوضى الأهلية قبل نماذج الربيع العربي الجديدة، وها هي اليوم الجزائر تتقدّم مسار الانتقال السلمي والدستوري في ظل حراك شعبي مليوني لثورة بيضاء يحميها الجيش ويمنع الاستيلاء عليها وتوظيفها في مشاريع داخلية وخارجية مشبوهة، ويفرض كضابط إيقاع وبيضة قبان سقفاً يُبقي للسياسة والتغيير مرادفاً هو المصلحة الوطنية العليا.

Related Videos

Related Articles

Algeria Expels Reuters Reporter for Spreading Fake News

Reuters Mainstream Media Propagandists for the Pentagon 1msm

April 1, 2019

The Algerian authorities have expelled a Reuters reporter from the country after spreading fake news about clashes with protesters in its capital.

Tarek Ammarah is a Tunisian reporter working for Reuters who entered Algeria a couple of days ago to cover the ‘events in the country’, seems not what’s happening but his own agenda.

The Reuters Tunisian reporter was briefly detained then expelled back to his country.

Why this is important for Syria News other than it’s related to an important Arab country that kept good relations with Syria? At the very early days of the Syrian crisis26 March 2011, the Syrian authorities arrested the Reuters office manager in Damascus a Jordanian reporter Khaled Oweis, guess why? For spreading fake news.

It’s not a coincidence that in both cases Reuters reporter is not from the same country where the events are occurring, it’s not a coincidence that both reporters were detained by the authorities for the same reason and then expelled to their bordering countries. And it’s not a coincidence that both reporters spread fake news.

In the details of the case of the Jordanian Reuters reporter Khaled Oweis, the reporter aired a video report about the protests in Daraa, in the very first weeks of the crisis in the country. In his video report, the Jordanian Reuters reporter walk with a Syrian policeman carried on a stretcher in the National Hospital in Daraa, the policeman was injured with a bullet.

The video report aired by Reuters and was instantly resubmitted by all publications in the world, it’s coming from Reuters who feed news to most news agencies around the globe, was doctored in a very heinous way and was showing a conversation between the reporter and the policeman whining from his injury on the stretcher being rushed to the operation room at the hospital, yet Reuters reporter insisted to ask him about what happened:

The Reuters reporter asked the injured policeman what happened? The Injured policeman trying to speak but his voice lowered and suppressed by the voice of the Reuters reporter who said in a louder voice trying to imply it’s the words of the policeman: You were ordered to shoot at the peaceful protesters?

The injured policeman trying to raise his voice but again we can’t hear properly what he says but Reuters reporter again says in a louder voice: You’re saying that you refused to shoot at the unarmed protersters and a security officer shot you from behind for disobeying orders?

This what the Reuters video that went viral on all news channels around the world showed. However, later that evening another story came out from the same site.

Thanks to a Syrian TV cameraman who happened to be at the same place with his camera rolling there was a completely different story that the Syrian TV later showed in the evening and here’s what happened:

Reuters asking the injured policeman on the stretcher: What happened?
Policeman: We were securing a small protest in the city of Daraa, we were unarmed when we started hearing gunshots and I was injured.
Reuters: You were armed and were ordered to shoot at the peaceful protesters?
Injured policeman raising his voice and whining but clearly saying: No, we were unarmed and we received gunshots from the protestors side.
Reuters: You’re saying you refused to shoot at the unarmed protesters and a security officer shot you from behind for disobeying orders?
Injured policeman now raising his voice to the loudest he could: No, no, we are unarmed, we were shot at from the protesters’ side.

Once the Syrian TV aired what its cameraman recorded on his camera, the Reuters office manager in Syria Khaled Oweis was arrested for fabricating and spreading fake news. Remember, this was at the height of the so-called Arab Spring and after its episodes in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya, and where people would buy the same repeated narrative at the beginning.

An international uproar against the Syrian government was unleashed condemning the ‘suppressing of free speech’ in the country and demanding the ‘immediate release of the journalist’. The Syrian authorities took the best decision they did that time and expelled all foreign reporters from the country altogether, later the authorities started allowing some back, those from friendly countries with no agendas were granted permits and free movement, those from hostile countries were given special temporary missions and were not free to go wherever they wanted.

CNN, among others, took advantage of this decision to justify embedding its reporters with al-Qaeda terrorist groups in Syria, despite getting the special temporary permits, they’ve sent their reporters to report 100% biased reports praising al-Qaeda terrorists who were at the time fighting under the banner of the FSA.

A CNN crew went as far as actually carrying out the bombing of the gas pipeline in Baba Amr district in Homs along with a cell of al-Qaeda terrorists and aired its doctored report to show it was the Syrian government that bombed that pipeline that left the city of Homs without electricity in one of the coldest winters in the country, details here: When CNN Crew Blew Up the Oil Pipeline in Homs.

Mainstream Media attack on Syria
Mainstream Media attack on Syria

Khaled Oweis, the Jordanian reporter for Reuters covering Syria, continued his propaganda campaign against the country but from his office in Amman, Jordan, reporting news from doubted sources as if he’s witnessing the events by himself firsthand from the country he was expelled from.

Back to the Algerian episode and the ‘visiting Tunisian Reuters reporter’ story, he was detained in the Algerian capital for reporting: ‘Witnesses told Reuters that Algerian policemen fired rubber bullets and teargas against protesters in the Algerian capital today, Friday, while about a million persons gathered to call on the stepping down of the President Abdul Aziz Bouteflika’.

The report was instantly circulated by all news agencies around the world, coming from Reuters, of course, and would cause more chaos in the country that is witnessing unprecedented protests, so far very peaceful, but needs some instigations by the Mainstream Media to convert it into a civil war.

In Algeria, the West cannot play the sectarian card they played in Syria, because Algerians are almost all of the same religion and sect. They cannot split parts of the people against the army, they witnessed their own episode of Western-sponsored anti-Islamic ‘Mujahideen’ in the 90s of last century and paid a hefty bill in blood for that.

Let’s pray the Algerians will stay vigilant towards these foreign instigators and act swiftly against those who try to push a new bloodshedding in another secular Arab country under the guise of democracy.

It’s the elections whenever it’s due in any country not under the US hegemony that will cause riots in the targeted country and the US can sneak in to ‘force democracy’ onto them. Those pro-the US in the targeted countries will either boycott the elections, push high their demands, claim the elections being rigged, and claim that their losing candidates to have won the elections to cause confusion among the public. Those under the US hegemony already no need even to have elections, like in the case of the Saudis and Qataris for instance. Saudi Arabia does not have a constitution to start with.

Read:


To help us continue please visit the Donate page to donate or learn other ways.
Follow us on Telegram: http://t.me/syupdates link will open Telegram app.

 

The Palestinian Political Scene is in a State of Paralysis: “The People Reject Normalization with Israel”

An Interview with Abdel Bari Atwan

Global Research, April 01, 2019

American Herald Tribune 18 March 2019

Mohsen Abdelmoumen: What is your analysis of the situation in the occupied Palestinian territories and in Gaza?

Abdel Bari Atwan: The Palestinian political scene is in a state of paralysis, which is a direct consequence of the disastrous Oslo process. Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) is not in good health, so the stage is now set for the post-Abu Mazen period. But nobody has a roadmap for where to go. Abu Mazen is the last of the founding fathers, and his departure will cause the Fateh movement to fragment and lose influence, as happened to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) after the death of George Habash. So chaos and confusion prevail. I wouldn’t be surprised if people in the West Bank and Gaza Strip draw inspiration from the demonstrations in Sudan and Algeria.

MA: What about the Palestinians’ right of return to their lands stolen since 1948 and the deal of the century that removes the Palestinian right of return? Has the deal of the century been abandoned or is it still valid?

ABA: The ‘Deal of the Century’ cannot be pulled off. The murder of Jamal Khashoggi consigned it to an early death, as it plunged the deal’s broker into crisis. No Palestinian could accept it anyway. The Palestinian Revolution began in the refugee camps. It was all about the right of return. To abandon it would be to abandon the Palestinian cause. That right and others cannot be bought off with promises of investment or improved economic conditions, as the deal proposes. Palestine is not Northern Ireland.

MA: How do you explain that at the moment when in Europe and in the USA, we see rising a great critical movement of Israel, like the BDS which advocate different forms of boycott, Arab countries are normalizing their relations with the Zionist and criminal entity of Israel?

ABA: These moves towards normalization are not too worrying, as they are confined to the governments and do not extend to the peoples.The peoples reject normalization with Israel, as the cases of Jordan and Egypt show. It’s the same in every other Arab country. Israel is alarmed by BDS and how it may develop in future. This explains its frenetic efforts to brand all criticism and opposition anywhere in the world as anti-Semitic: it fears to become a pariah state and the only way it can avoid that is to criminalize and close down exposure and discussion of its behavior.

MA: What is your reading of the Warsaw conference of February 13 and 14, when we saw the alliance between Arab countries such as Saudi Arabia, the Emirates, Bahrain, etc. and the Zionist and criminal entity Israel against Iran?

ABA: The Warsaw Conference was a one-man show, starring Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. It was staged for his benefit, but I believe it was a failure. Its original purpose was to launch a new US-led alliance — a so-called ‘Arab Nato’ — that would act as the spearhead of an international coalition against Iran and include Israel as a member, probably informally at first. But the Gulf States that the US is trying to turn into allies of Israel are not representative of the Arab world as a whole. They account for less than 5% of the Arab population, and their own peoples overwhelmingly reject normalization with Israel. In recent years these states have been able to play a dominant role in the Arab world due to their oil wealth and their manipulation of political Islam. But political Islam has been changing in nature, and the importance of oil in the global energy picture has been declining, so their ‘golden age’ is drawing to a close.

MA: How did we get to the fact that some Arab countries come to betray and sell themselves to the Zionist and criminal entity of Israel?

ABA: It’s not new, and mainly it’s a matter of perceived self-preservation. Regimes see the goodwill of the US as vital, and Israel as the key to the US’ heart. They talk about a shared interest in confronting Iran but that shouldn’t be taken at face value. Israel talks up the Iranian threat as a way of trying to sideline the Palestinian cause, and the Gulf States do the same to bolster the rule of their regimes. This also entails the poisonous fuelling of Sunni-Shii sectarianism.

MA: I did an investigation a few years ago about the activities of the Israeli lobby in Congo. What is your reading of Israel’s strategic redeployment in Africa?

ABA: Africa is currently an arena of rivalry for influence and competing interests involving many countries – the US, China, Turkey, Israel, Russia, and others. Israel does not have much to offer Africa, other than political influence in Washington. It is eager to establish a presence and exert influence on the periphery of important Arab countries like Libya, Algeria, Morocco, and Egypt.These countries are all in a weakened state at present and preoccupied with internal problems. But they will eventually recover and their governments will awaken. Sub-Saharan Africa is their natural hinterland and they cannot be prized apart in the long term.

MA: The people of Yemen is experiencing a criminal war waged by Saudi Arabia and its allies in total silence. How do you explain this silence of the international community and the media?

Abdel Bari Atwan 1 48e65

ABA: The West turned a blind eye to the Yemen war when it was launched four years ago because of Saudi influence and interests. It gave Saudi Arabia a chance to resolve the conflict in its favor. But neither Saudi Arabia nor the West appreciated the nature of Yemen or its people into account. They should have heeded the advice of the kingdom’s founder, King Abdelaziz, who ordered his sons Faisal and Saud to withdraw when they tried to invade the country. The latest war on Yemen has had a catastrophic effect, but in military terms, it has been a failure. The international silence is now beginning to be broken, and I hope that continues.

MA: What is your reading of events happening in Venezuela? Do you think that the United States will come to a direct military intervention?

ABA: What is happening in Venezuela is a US-sponsored coup attempt and I believe it will fail.

MA: There is no longer any mention of the Khashoggi case, which showed the true face of the Saudi regime and raised a worldwide outcry. How do you explain that?

ABA: The Khashoggi case is closely linked to Trump’s fate. Trump’s opponents in the US seized on it as a stick with which to beat him, due to his close association with the current Saudi leadership. That’s why there was such an outcry over the killing, however horrific, on an individual, but no similar reaction to Saudi actions that caused thousands of deaths such as the war on Yemen (until recently) and the proxy intervention in Syria. It should not be any surprise, however, that US and Western interests ultimately prevailed over human rights concerns, in this case like so many others. The Israel Lobby has also played a part in suppressing the outcry.  But the affair will have a longer-term impact. It laid bare Saudi Arabia’s high-handedness and dominance in the region.

MA: How do you analyze the events taking place in Algeria against the fifth term of Bouteflika?

ABA: The protests were not so much against Bouteflika as against the ruling elite that was using him as a front and was too divided to agree on a replacement for him, long after he should have been allowed to retire. The powers-that-be made three mistaken assumptions: first, that the fifth term could be pushed through; second, that Algerians would rather have stability than democracy; and third, that the terrifying memory of the bloody decade of the 1990s would deter demonstrations or protests, for fear of repeating what happened in Syria or Libya. They seemed to think, perhaps based on Syria’s experience, that concessions are a slippery slope and not compromising pays off in the longer term. But now they have had to give at least the appearance of backing down due to the strength of popular feeling. The question now is what comes next: a measure of genuine but controlled reform as in Morocco or an Egyptian-style scenario where the army runs things behind a facade of pro-forma elections?

MA: Intelligence reports indicate a redeployment of Daesh to Libya. Can we end the terrorism of Daesh and Al Qaeda without really fighting the ideological matrix of these groups? Is it enough defeating these groups militarily?

ABA: Daesh is finished above ground in the Arab world. But it will continue to exist underground because the conditions that incubated still exist. In my view, the challenge is not so much to fight the ideology as to address those conditions. The ideology, or at least its adoption or acceptance in some places and by some people, is a product of these ‘failed-state’ conditions and the marginalization they cause. In many cases – Libya, Iraq, Syria, Yemen – they are a consequence, in whole or in part, of direct or indirect Western military intervention. Putting an end to these interventions would be a step to tackling the problem.

MA: Are we not witnessing the continuation of the Cold War between the US administration on one side and Russia and China on the other? How do you explain the need for the United States to have an enemy?

ABA: The US can’t sleep unless it has an enemy. It has become an obsession, though creating or talking up external enemies has always been a means of advancing the interests of domestic power elites.But the picture is changing. America is no longer rules the world in matters of war and peace. Its real power is not its military might but the US Dollar. Its abuse of its financial and commercial power has become so extensive that an international alliance is taking shape to deprive it of this weapon.

*

Note to readers: please click the share buttons below. Forward this article to your email lists. Crosspost on your blog site, internet forums. etc.

Abdel Bari Atwan is a Palestinian journalist born in 1950 in Deir al-Balah, a Palestinian refugee camp in the Gaza Strip. He lived in a family of 11 children. After graduating from primary school in the refugee camp, he continued his studies in Jordan. He then studied journalism at Cairo University. After working for many Arab newspapers, he ran until 2013 al-Quds al-Arabi, a newspaper he founded in London in 1989 with other Palestinian expatriates. Today, he is the editor-in-chief of Rai al-Youm, an Arab world digital news and opinion website. He lives and works in London.

Mohsen Abdelmoumen is an independent Algerian journalist. He wrote in several Algerian newspapers such as Alger Républicain and in different sites of the alternative press.

All images in this article are from American Herald Tribune

Related Videos

عن الجزائر… حتى ينتهي المخاض بسلام

مارس 13, 2019

ناصر قنديل

– يحتاج أي تحليل أو موقف مما تشهده الجزائر إلى إدراك خطورة الوقوع في قياسات التشبيه بتجارب أخرى، تتجاهل فرادة الحالة الجزائرية. فالحديث عن أن دور الجزائر قد حان في تجارب الربيع العربي المقيت، يتجاهل أن التجربة الاختبارية لكل ما شهدناه من مسمّيات الربيع كان في الجزائر في ما عرفته في تسعينيات القرن الماضي من انتخابات أوصلت الجماعات الإسلامية إلى الأغلبية البرلمانية، وما تلاها من حرب ضروس نزفت خلالها الجزائر لعشر سنوات عرفت بالعشرية السوداء. والقول بأن الحال في الجزائر تكرار لما شهدته سورية أو مصر مجاف للحقيقة. فالجزائر رغم كل التشوش الذي أصاب موقفها في محطات عربية مفصلية، لم تغادر ثوابت رئيسية في الاستقلال ولا تزال دولتها على كل ما فيها من علل وفساد دولة رعاية اجتماعية، في بلد كثير الثروات، وهي في هذا نصف سورية ونصف ليبيا، لكنها من حيث الموضوع الراهن الذي فجّر الشارع وفتح ملف الأحداث، تشكل نصف مصر، فالرئيس عبد العزيز بوتفيلقة الذي يملك تاريخاً وطنياً يستحق التقدير، بات عاجزاً عن ممارسة الحكم، وترشيحه لولاية خامسة شكل استفزازاً قاسياً للشارع والنخب، خصوصاً الذين لا مخططات مسيئة لبلدهم تسيِّر تحركاتهم أو تتحكم بمواقفهم.

– الدعوات لدعم غير مشروط لحراك الشارع ليحسم الموقف ويرسم المستقبل، تتجاهل ما توفره السيولة التي يقدمها حراك الشارع مهما بلغ نبل المقاصد، ومهما كانت درجة الانضباط. وهذه السيولة تشكل هدفاً بحد ذاتها، يراد له أن يطول في ظل استعصاء مطلوب يحول دون اي حل سياسي يضمن خروجاً سلمياً من الأزمة، حتى تتكسر هيبة الدولة ومؤسساتها ويتم تحييدها من المشهد، وخصوصاً مؤسسة الجيش الوطني الجزائري، وتذبل هياكل السلطة وتتآكل، بينما يتعب الشارع المتدفق بحيوية، فيصير المجال متاحاً للتشكيلات المنظمة أن تنزل إلى الساحة بمخططاتها السياسية والأمنية، وهي تملك طول النفس وحسن التنظيم والمقدرات والدعم الخارجي وتفرض أجندتها على الجميع، وفي ظل الأهمية الاستثنائية للجزائر في أسواق النفط والغاز ومشاريع الخصخصة، قد يكون التحرر من الجغرافيا والديمغرافيا الجزائرية كأعباء، لحساب منظومة خفيفة الأثقال تمسك ملفات النفط والغاز، بعدما قالت التجربة الليبية الكثير عن القدرة على التحكم بهذه الثروات مهما اشتدّت وتسعّرت الحرب والفوضى، مقابل ترك الداخل الفقير والريفي للجماعات الإسلامية بمتشدديها ومعتدليها يتنافسون ويتحاربون.

– الخطوات التي أقدم عليها الرئيس الجزائري شكلت خطوة في اتجاه فتح الطريق لمسار سلمي للخروج من الأزمة، لكنها كما يقول الشارع الجزائري ونخبه النظيفة غير كافية، بحيث لا يقبل استبدال التجديد بالتمديد، والمطلوب خريطة طريق واضحة للانتقال إلى دستور جديد وانتخابات في ظل حكومة انتقالية موثوقة، في ظل غياب قيادات سياسية موثوقة وازنة في الشارع وقادرة على قيادته، مقابل هامشية تشكيلات المعارضة التقليدية بإسلامييها وعلمانييها في لحظات التأجج الشعبي الذي يصعب الرهان على دوامه، كما تقول التجارب، وهو ما لا يجب أن يُحرجنا بالقول إن الجيش لا يزال يشكل الجهة الأشد موثوقية لتحقيق هذا الغرض الانتقالي، برعاية الحكومة التي تتولّى صلاحيات الرئاسة لزمن محدود، مع تحويل الندوة الوطنية إلى جمعية تأسيسية تحلّ مكان البرلمان وتضمّ أبرز قواه، بالإضافة إلى رموز الحراك وقادة الأحزاب، لتخرج بدستور يتناسب مع غياب القيادات التاريخية، وبالتالي ينتقل من النظام الرئاسي إلى النظام البرلماني الذي يتيح قراراً جماعياً للدولة، عبر حكومات وحدة وطنية تتمثل فيها التكتلات بحجم وزنها النيابي، وتمنع التسلط على الحكم عبر شخصيات مموّهة، تضيع معها ثوابت الجزائر والتزاماتها في مجال الأمن القومي، وهكذا تحفظ للجيش مكانته ودوره، وهذا ما يحول دون وقوع الجزائر في النتيجتين المصرية والتونسية بوجههما الأخواني أو بالعودة للنظام القديم بحلة جديدة، أو ذهابها للمسار الليبي. وفي كل الأحوال الجزائر لن تكون سورية، ليس لأنها ليست بأهميتها، بل لأن الكتلة الشعبية الوازنة والغالبة في سورية بقيت وراء مشروع الدولة ورئيسها ولأن ليس في الجزائر قائد تاريخي صاعد يمثل وجدانها الوطني والقومي قادر على قيادتها كالرئيس بشار الأسد.

– لأننا نحبّ الجزائر لا نستطيع أن نقف بلا شروط وراء الحكم أو الشارع، بل نقف بقوة مع مسار سياسي سلمي ينهي الأزمة بسلاسة ويحفظ ثوابتها، لأننا ضنينون ببلد الثورة العظيمة، ونريد أن نشهد ضماناً يحول دون أن تضيع منا الجزائر.

Related Videos

Related Articles

Algerian President Bouteflika abandons re-election bid amid protests

Source

Mon Mar 11, 2019

Algeria’s octogenarian president has abandoned his attempt to contest a fifth term amid nearly-month-long protests against the country’s changeless political scene.

Abdelaziz Bouteflika announced the decision not to contest the April polls on Monday, and also postponed the election itself, Reuters reported.

The 82-year-old has been in power for the past 20 years, but is reportedly in poor health conditions after suffering a stroke in 2013.

Protesters say they disapprove of the country’s old political system, which is dominated by veterans of the 1954-1962 independence war against France, who include the president himself.

Opponents have also cited suspicion that the president was being kept in office to protect the grip of the military and business elite.

New generation ‘to be empowered’

Bouteflika’s office said a new constitution would now be put to public vote, adding that his last duty would be to contribute to the founding of a new system that would be in “the hands of a new generation of Algerians.”

An “inclusive and independent” national conference will oversee the transition, drafting a new constitution and setting the date for elections, it noted. “The conference should finish its work by the end of 2019, with elections to follow,” Reuters added.

As an apparent token of the government’s submission to the protesters, Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia, meanwhile, resigned from his post. He was replaced by Interior Minister Noureddine Bedoui, who is not known for maintaining comparably close ties with the president.

The public swarmed the streets following the announcement, this time celebrating their triumph over those supporting the president’s continued incumbency.

Related Videos

Related News

Arms sales to Middle East increase dramatically, research shows

Saudi Arabia’s arms purchases grew by 192 percent over 2014-2018 (AFP)

By 

in

New York, United States

Arms flows to the Middle East grew by 87 percent in the past five years and now account for more than a third of the global trade, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) said in a report on Sunday.

The defence think tank’s annual survey showed that Saudi Arabia became the world’s top arms importer between 2014-18, with a growth of 192 percent compared to the preceding five years.

Egypt, Algeria, the United Arab Emirates and Iraq also ranked in the top 10 list of global arms buyers.

The report shows how the United States and European nations sell jets, jeeps and other gear that is used in controversial wars in Yemen and beyond, SIPRI researcher Pieter Wezeman told Middle East Eye.

“Weapons from the US, the UK and France are in high demand in the Gulf, where conflicts and tensions are rife. Russia, France and Germany dramatically increased their arms sales to Egypt in the past five years,” said Wezeman.

The growth in Middle Eastern imports was, in part, driven by the need to replace military gear that was deployed and destroyed in Yemen, Syria, Iraq and Libya, said Wezeman.

It was also driven by tensions and a regional arms race, he added.

Exporting American’s gun problem? The proposed rule that has monitors up in arms

Read More »

The UAE, Saudi Arabia and Israel are readying for a potential conflict with Iran, said the 12-page report. Since 2017, the UAE, Saudi Arabia and others have rowed with Qatar in a rift, which, at times, looked like it could turn violent.

Between 2014-18, Saudi received 94 combat jets fitted with cruise missiles and other guided weapons from the US and Britain.

Over the next five years, it is set to get 98 more jets, 83 tanks and defensive missile systems from the US, 737 armoured vehicles from Canada, five frigates from Spain, and Ukrainian short-range ballistic missiles.

Between 2014-18, the UAE received missile defence systems, short-range ballistic missiles and some 1,700 armoured personnel carriers from the US as well as three corvettes from France, the report says.

Qatari imports grew by 225 percent over the period, including German tanks, French combat aircraft and Chinese short-range ballistic missiles. It is set to receive 93 combat aircraft from the US, France and Britain and four frigates from Italy.

Iran, which is under a UN arms embargo, accounted for just 0.9 percent of Middle Eastern imports.

For Wezeman, “the gap is widening” between Iran and its foes across the Gulf, which have more advanced weapons.

US remains top arms seller

The US has kept its position as the world’s top arms seller. Its exports grew by 29 percent these past five years, with more than half of its shipments (52 percent) going to customers in the Middle East.

British sales grew by 5.9 percent over the same period. A total of 59 percent of UK arms deliveries went to the Middle East — most of it combat aircraft destined for Saudi Arabia and Oman.

Arming governments in the turbulent Middle East is increasingly controversial in the West, said Patrick Wilcken, an arms control specialist with Amnesty International, a UK-based rights watchdog.

He pointed to cases where sales are merited – such as re-tooling Iraq’s army after it lost much of its hardware and territory during the so-called Islamic State (IS) group’s surprise attack in 2014.

But, more often, western arms end up being used in human rights abuses, he added, pointing to Egypt’s crackdown on opponents, Israel’s occupation of Palestinian land and the Saudi-led war in Yemen.

He blasted the “hypocrisy” of western governments not following their own rules by continuing to supply authoritarian leaders who commit wartime abuses or violations against their own people.

“A critical problem for the region is the emergence of armed groups like IS,” Wilcken told MEE.

A critical problem for the region is the emergence of armed groups like IS

– Patrick Wilcken, Amnesty International

“In Yemen, totally unaccountable militias are being armed and supported by the UAE and Saudi Arabia, which is setting the scene for a future period of instability and human rights violations.”

The problem has not gone unnoticed in western capitals.

In the US, lawmakers in both houses have passed resolutions to end US support for the Saudi-led coalition, though US President Donald Trump has vowed to veto the document if it reaches his desk.

In Britain, opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn has called for a ban on arms exports to Saudi. Last month, a parliamentary committee concluded that the UK was on “the wrong side of the law” by arming Riyadh.

In October, Amnesty released a report about French-built armoured vehicles being used by Egyptian government forces to “disperse protests and crush dissent” in crackdowns between 2012-2015.

Germany, however, has taken a stand. This week, it extended until the end of March a unilateral freeze on arms supplies to Saudi over its war in Yemen and the killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

This has caused a rift with Britain and France, its partners in European defence projects, as it puts a question mark over orders, including a $13.1bn deal to sell 48 Eurofighter Typhoon jets to Riyadh.

Jeff Abramson, a scholar at the Arms Control Association, an advocacy group, said the US should follow Germany’s example.

“Instead of being challenged, the US continues to claim a larger share of an expanding global arms market,” Abramson told MEE.

“As such, the US should take the lead in promoting responsible behavior, rather than encouraging trade to repressive and irresponsible regimes, such as those in Saudi Arabia and the UAE.”

Other findings

The report made other interesting findings.

These past five years, Turkey has increased exports of armoured vehicles, missiles and other gear by 170 percent, becoming the world’s 14th most important arms exporter and the second biggest in the Middle East, after Israel.

Saudi Arabia and the UAE were among Turkey’s top three importers of weapons in the past five years, despite Ankara being at odds with its customers over Khashoggi and the blockade on Qatar.

Continuing to buy arms from Turkey may be a bid by Riyadh and Abu Dhabi to keep ties with Ankara on track despite the rift, said Wezeman.

Also, Algeria increased its arms imports by 55 percent over the past five years, with shipments from Russia, China, Germany and elsewhere.

This made it the world’s fifth biggest arms importer despite only having a $168bn economy.

Algeria buys arms for military prestige, to tackle militants from neighbouring Libya and because of its “long-standing rivalry with Morocco”, said Wezeman.

Sipri measures the volume of deliveries of arms, not the dollar value of deals. The volume of deliveries to each country tend to fluctuate, so it presents data in five-year periods that a give a more stable indication of trends.

Syria: March Revolution Re-Visited

Thursday, 07 March 2019

Source

March 8, 1963 Revolution, in reaction, at least to the then repeated coups and exploitation of the homeland resources, has indeed been the driving force behind the Syrians aspiration and desire for freedom, equality and justice. 56 years since then, Syria today, notwithstanding all the sinister plots, conspiracies and the foreign-backed terrorism, is still the throbbing heart and bastion of resistance and civilization. The major pivotal role of the Baath Arab Socialist Party and the late President Hafez Al-Assad in March 8 Revolution, and later in the Correction Movement, has and will ever have immense contributions to the current steadfastness of Syria, under the wise historic leadership of President Bashar Hafez Al-Assad, the guardian of all humanity against every evil and terrorism.

In his March 8, 1990 Speech, President Hafez Assad’s outlined that by then

  • We covered the most difficult stages as we put our shoulders to the wheel and exerted concerted efforts to set things right and balance the books.
  • Our belief is deep seated that life is an eternal revolution and man is the essence and target.
  • The revolution is the locomotive to change status for a better condition to serve man`s aspirations. Speaking of man as an essence and target of the revolution, we tend to think of the youth where we find an optimal personification of man.
  • As I described them before, the youth are the hope for the future and the future hope lies in the present.
  • Freedom lives along with man and thrives on with his development because it needs a system in life like any other one. Plants grow according to a system; the earth, planets and the human body function according to a very accurate and precise system, but when it malfunctions, destabilization occurs and the system degenerates and collapses altogether.
  • The corrective movement was a necessity being an achievement of our party and people. It was the victory of freedom where I used to say time and again that we are as strong as we have freedom and free as much as we are strong.
  • The movement has been the bandwagon in all institutions where people participated in the premiership councils, the elected people`s assembly, and councils of the elected domestic administration.
  • It is taken for granted that the nation concerned should consult, coordinate and stick together in perilous circumstances. It is pitiful that the other powerful nations coincide with the fragmentation of the Arab weak nations. The Arab nations do not weigh the imminent perils adequately.
  • We should not distance ourselves from the past. In a nutshell, we say that he who reads history and geography would realize that since the decadence of the Arab state, we started to lose parts of our people and land all over the Arab region.
  • The ongoing events and the new challenges today set an additional alarm to make us gear up in order not to lose what we hold.
  • Syria has been and will be keen on preserving the nation`s dignity.
  • A lot wanted to distort or mayhem the nature of our relations with the Soviet Union, but I would say that our nexus is stable as it has ever been in the past. We have been true friends long ago and relations were nurtured by close cooperation.
  • We do not abnegate or be ungracious especially when it comes to colossal issues. The Soviet Union stood by us and supported us in our just struggle in confronting aggression. Such stances will remain an essential page in the history of our relations and will forge them.
  • Let us continue building man and land and boost the team spirit. Let us nourish altruism and the national spirit, abnegate selfishness and strengthen the national unity to scatter love everywhere and treat each other tolerably and preserve the dignity of the nation.

   In his March 8, 1989 Speech, President Hafez Assad’s outlined that by then

  • What has been realized since the beginning of the revolution is something we are proud of with respect to the scientific profusion and technical cadres, economic growth, social betterment and the increase in production and services.
  • Such truth is obvious in all walks of life as in the educational institutions, health sector, factories, natural wealth and agriculture.
  • Undoubtedly, our position today is much better with regard to the economic impedimenta, and our economy is robust because we tend to develop our resources constantly.
  • This job makes it incumbent on us to slog feverishly and hone our skills and promote teamwork. We all realize that what affects the country would recoil and every success we accomplish would benefit all.
  • We must be determined to strengthen our national unity in tune with the aspirations of our people, and by inculcating the national spirit we create the cooperation spirit among all citizens and the atmosphere of initiative and creativity to lay firm grounds of self sufficiency.
  • We still have a lot to do to build the nation and achieve production booms, and enhance our steadfastness and capability to extirpate aggression and occupation.
  • All that would require the reliance on our people and the support of our friends and the assimilation of the general world opinion of our causes. The basis of our stand remains the firm belief in the causes and in our preparedness to defend them.

 On the 25th Anniversary of the 8th of March Revolution, President Hafez Assad’s outlined that by then

  • On the morning of this day in 1963, the sun of the revolution scattered in the sky heralding a new phase in history that eliminates colonization and backwardness, a stage where we embarked on a march of unity, liberty and socialism.
  • We have encountered hardships and conspiracies, but owing to our resolve and determination, we have overcome these hurdles and offered great sacrifices for optimal and noble targets to preserve our national unity where we achieved superbly. We made Syria a modern state and the base of the Arab struggle to defend ourselves and liberate the usurped land.
  • We covered wide strides on the path of the democratic front. The constitutional institutions exercised their jurisdictions satisfactorily and the interior front remained impervious where no enemy or conspirator is able to smear the nation or undermine its national struggle.
  • In the domains of culture and education, progress was remarkable where universities and institutes mushroomed exponentially. Furthermore, in the fields of public health, many well-equipped hospitals and dispensaries were erected. Healthcare and childcare were given prominent attention including vaccination and inoculation campaigns against diseases.
  • We opted for the motto of self sufficiency. It is so important especially during the current status where we challenge a fierce enemy supported by a super power like the USA.
  • If October war liberated part of the land it means that it constituted a turning point and a catalyst in the conflict with the Israeli invasion. It was the first time when the Arabs moved from defense to attack position. The Zionist media and its allies could not divert this reality from being seen by the world.
  • The results of October war were reflected upon the Arab fighter by sharpening him with self confidence and preparedness to sacrifice.
  • The honorable battle which was fought by our armed forces against the Israeli invasion in Lebanon bears witness where the forces defended Lebanon and offered thousands of sacrifices.
  • Our people in Golan and Palestine express their steadfastness by stones and other means.
  • Blessed are your sacrifices, martyrs and the wounded.
  • We must build a powerful nation to become a castle of love and steadfastness against invaders. We are a great nation working hard for our unity and solidarity. We must stick together and have one unified will.

 

On the 24th Anniversary of the 8th March Revolution, 8-3-1987, the Late President Hafez Al-Assad underlined:

  •  Our revolution is incessant and strong. It has firm principles and able to accept the challenge and to confront the difficulties.
  •  Our revolution confronted the enemies everywhere. We insist on accepting the challenges and defeating it and on making flags of our people which express hopes and aspirations of our nation and their right to fight for their unity, freedom and progress high.
  •  The revolution has stepped great steps in realizing its targets through overcoming the obstacles. The revolution through its achievements and victories became the most significant defiance to the colonialist and Zionist forces.
  •  We are used not to surrender to any threat or any aggressor , not to be frightened by anything and not to accept any foreign dictations.
  • We accept the challenge directed to us. Our decision is to realize triumph on our enemies and to foil the plots as well as making firm steps on the victory road.
  • We are strong with our revolution and people, with our aims that express the people’s conscious and with our determination to struggle and offer sacrifices.
  • We are strong with our national unity which was always our weapon in each battle and with determination of our people to struggle and offer sacrifices in order to make Syria remaining free, strong and steadfast.
  •  We are strong with the Arab nation’s people who refuse surrender and who are always ready to wage battles of liberation, unity and confrontation of surrender and humiliation.
  •  Our revolution wasn’t an accidental event in the history of our country and nation, it was a remarkable incident in the history and a turning point in the country’s track of development. It has shouldered the people and the progressive revolutionary vanguards the responsibility of the power.
  • It has established the strong base of the Arab steadfastness in the face of the imperialist and Zionist schemes and the strong base of the real Arab action for realizing the Arab unity and the unified Socialist Arab society.
  •  Through the 8th March revolution and the Correctionist Movement, Syria has achieved progress in the political, economic, social and cultural domains and became pioneer in the Arab national liberation movement and in the lead of the countries marching on the road of progress and sociality.
  • Syria became the basic force of the Arab steadfastness in the face of Imperialism and Zionism and the foundation stone in the Arab action to liberate the usurped Arab territories and restore the Arab rights.
  •  Syria became, according to testimony of all people including the enemies, a force that has to be taken into consideration.
  •  The 8th March Revolution has offered radical changes in Syria in all fields of life. We will not hesitate in the progress, we will not going back whatever the threats and the challenges were.
  • The pressures we are facing will not be to any further extent able to create strategic difficulties for us. We will tackle these pressures and will find the useful and long term solutions to them.
  •  The 8th March Revolution is considered a people revolution launched under the leadership of the Baath Arab Socialist Party. The people are the base of this revolution. The Correctionist Movement restored the revolution and the party to people and vice versa and it has trusted people and allowed them to take part in the planning, taking decisions and implementing through the institutional establishments and the popular organizations.
  • Our national unity is the basis which we depend on in working and cooperating to confront the interior and exterior tasks. The national unity proved its efficiency in the circumstances and the battles we passed through and it will remain the basis of the internal building and confrontation of the antagonist forces.
  •  The legislative decree No.15 for 1971 which included the Local Administration Law was considered a second great step, after the first step of the People’s Assembly, in the road of realizing the popular democracy and engaging the people representatives in managing citizen’s affairs.
  •  The Popular democracy isn’t a motto but it is a real practice enriched by experience. We are still looking forward enlarging and enhancing the popular democracy experience to make wide scale of people partners in shouldering responsibility and taking implementing decisions.
  •  Last month, the Local Administration carried out elections of the 4th session of the governorates councils and the 2nd session of the cities and towns councils. The electors who won the elections were elected by the citizens. It is pleasing to me that the number of the winning women in these elections amounted 140 comparing with the 65 women in the previous elections. This refers to the fact that women are achieving progress in the society and its establishments to take their natural position, practice their right and duties and to shoulder their responsibilities.
  •  The application of popular democracy has reached advanced stages. It is a very important experience to make people manage their affaires by themselves and implement the decision they take to improve their life in all fields.
  •  We appreciate the proposals submitted by the Soviet Union for disarmament and call for reviewing them with great seriousness and responsibility to reach a situation removing people’s fear from the nuclear destruction and contributing in solving the international dispute according to the UN charter principles and the peace interests.
  •  Getting rid of the nuclear threatening is not limited to one state or other area in the world but it is considered an issue of every state, area and person keen on the life and civilization.

On the 16th anniversary of the 8th March revolution, 8-3-1979, the beloved late President Hafez Al-Assad delivered the following landmark speech:

 

Dear citizens:

As a new day in the age of the 8th March revolution starts, we will review in this occasion our actions in the last years. We will review what we have implemented and what was hampered to be carried out due to the circumstances. We will evaluate the actions and will deduce the results.

We will review the actions in the Arab world and the neighboring countries and then we will review the whole world. Through this we will emphasize on our process and will be reassured on the safety of it. We will go forward the future with more resolution and trust after correcting the process’ flaws and eradicating its obstacles. We will do all of this with high responsibility and under the principles of our great party, the Baath Arab Socialist Party , leader of the 8th March revolution .

This review in this time of every year pushes us forward, activates our potentials and gives us more clear view because it is true and sincere and takes into consideration viewing issues according to the people viewpoint and taking decisions in light of the people’s higher interest.

If we limited this occasion just on celebrating it without reviewing ourselves, thus we will rip it off its characteristics and emptying it its real content. We have to avoid committing such mistake.

So, we were used every year to unveil to our people the issue of accountability to be familiar with the makers of the revolution process. To make issues more clear in front of them, this occasion was, during the last eight years, an opportunity to cast light on our achievements in all fields, unveil the default points  and tackle them.

Tomorrow, the citizens will get a statement of the achievements realized in the agricultural, industrial, trade and service fields. This is a clear evidence of what has realized in the last year since celebrating the 15th anniversary of the revolution.

If the annual realization of the economic achievements has become in the latest year firm part of our life process, the achievements in other fields, mainly boosting the revolution process, applying the party’s principles, have been attached more importance in this process. This was more important in consolidating notions of the revolution and moving from theoretical way to the practical one and from defining the aims to working realize them.

We had emphasized during the last eight years that pursuing the revolution course we have to incessantly work and to be real revolutionaries in our behavior, action and target. The revolution is not a work program or just goals, it is in the first class a specific behavior. As we apply this behavior, as we ensure the success to the revolution process. This behavior will be guided and directed by hopes and targets of the nation and the people which the Baath Arab Socialist Party has been inspired in formulating its principles and targets.

If the revolutionary has to be vanguard and ideal, this requires him to be in permanent contact with people .

What we have realized in the revolution path is not enough, however every day we feel that the more in every field is required. This feeling motivate us to double action and to make “working which advances the saying” the title of our process.

In spite of our need for more successful and feasible work, we have to be assured that we are standing on firm ground and acknowledging clearly our way to the hoped-for future. We have to trust in our capacity to pass this way firmly in spite of the plots contrives by our enemies.

We are building on a strong popular base with the help of the people who believe in our revolution. We pursue this policy in the internal, political, economic and social building as well as in the national building for consolidating the Arab solidarity and consolidating any possible unity step. We pursue this policy also in the international field to boost the position of our country and nation in defending the Arab territories and rights.

We do all of this lifting the flag of our nation’s honor and dignity and resisting anything that may undermine the Arab dignity. For this target, we sacrifice whatever this was great because as we always assert that the life is meaningless without dignity.

Dear brothers:

The achievements we are realizing in our country in different fields are the way to attain our nation’s targets, apply the party’s aims of unity, freedom and socialism, set-up industry, expand the cultivation area and foster the economic base.

We are incessantly working to ensure the social life of citizens and upgrading their standards of living. We will construct schools, institutes and universities, set up the public facilities and improve the services. We will continually work to ensure the social life of citizens and follow up building the popular democracy through the establishments achieving the target of the popular democracy.

At the same time we are confirming the role of the popular organization and resuming efforts to let this role efficient completely.

We do all of this to realize the highest goals manifested in building up the human being and defending the national causes.

I am saying this with full knowledge that there are a lot of complains in the aforementioned fields. We have complains in the fields of agriculture, industry, services and popular democracy. We have a lot of complains, I don’t want to say that we have realized what we want. What we want in the different fields of life is great like our nation and like its history and its civilization. It is will not come into anyone’s mind that this will be realized in a limited period of time measured by few years or more than this.

But I want to say that we are making a progress, not standing in the same place, leaving the starting point far from us and closing reasonably to the target.

I want to say that the 8th March revolution, which came as a response to our aspirations, has passed acceptable stages. This constitutes in this historical phase the laying down of foundations of  building the future.

The road is very long and rocky, but the will of people is able to attain the target and eradicate any obstacle in this road.

The revolution is not a skip limited to a specific time, it is an advanced successive action.

The revolution has a firm will to carry our successive achievements. Thus the revolution was immune in front of the infiltrators. The will of revolution remained stronger and more firm than the will of falsification.

In this way, we made a progress and we waged the October War, and from the liberation aim we have decided to fight on the northern and southern fronts.

I don’t want to speak about the performance and the epics of our forces in the October war because everyone knows it. This war was a heroic epic in which the Syrian soldier had proved his potentials, qualifications and bravery and was an honor to the Arab nation.

The October war was the greatest achievement to our people and a great historical evident which left imprints on the Arab and international life. This war has directly and indirectly affected different aspects of political, military, economic and cultural life which in turn made it one of the most significant incidents in the history.

It is not possible to let the tragic incidents carried out by Egypt governor- backed by the USA and the world Zionism, to dominate our comprehension and evaluation of the October war, the great action which we have realized with the heroics and sacrifices of our people.

There is no doubt that our next generations will be more proud than us in the October war and will know the great value of this great incidents. Here, I want to highlight an essential matter that we didn’t just fight with honor and heroism but we limitless dealt with our brothers with honor and truthfulness and sacrifice exceeding all considerations and regional interests.

You notice that more than one time I approach speaking about the war issue and didn’t complete the road. As I have said in the past one day in which all details will be presented is inevitably coming.

While the Arab soldiers in the Golan and Sinai are competing to martyrdom, it hasn’t come into our mind that the political leadership in Egypt was working to divide the unified rank and arranging for a reconciliation with the enemy aiming to get Egypt out of its national context through the Sinai agreement, the surrender visit, David Camp scheme and Begin-Alsadat-Carter meetings.

We had lived five years and half of suffering due to the insistence of the Egyptian regime to detach Egypt from the Arab nation and to dress it a cover which Egypt and its people and army reject it.

We had suffered in our brotherly and sincere attempts to take the Egyptian regime away from the surrender track. We had endeavored this in the bilateral and Arab meetings and through the mediations of some sides in the Riyadh meeting and other meetings.

Our concerns were the sincere commitment to the target and the and certain conviction in the fact that the  Arab solidarity is the road of their triumph and that the action unity is the guarantee to attain targets.

We were shocked that the regime in Egypt was violating any accord and then suggesting the isolation in action and preferring the association with the enemy more than a meeting including the friends. We were shocked that this regime was accepting a humiliating conditions that seek behind fake interests. In spite of this submission, the regime didn’t restore the Sinai land, didn’t save the Egyptian people from the incessant Israeli aggression threats and didn’t attain the Egyptian people demands of security and food.

This regime is suffering from many complexes. It is suffering from the foreigner complex which means that it is impressed by anything foreign. It sees that anything outside the country has the capability and power while the Egyptian people and the Arab nation have no capability or power.

Outside Egypt, this regime is keen to take feelings and advices of the governors into consideration while the Arabs have no feelings, no advices, no rights and no interests deserving the consideration and respect.

In this regime consideration, anything the foreigners saying is good while anything the Arabs say is bad.

I wish that no one that I want to enter arguments, but I want to highlight some of the realities I know and which were established during the latest four or five years process.

The Arab countries had repeatedly called on the Egyptian President to give up the surrender track and the prospects of return were widely opened in front of him, but he gave no ears to this and opened his heart to the nation’s enemies who want the evil to it.

since the Egyptian President’s visit to Jerusalem and his bowing to the Flag of Israel and the and honor to the Israeli soldier, we have a sad image of a regime getting out from its nation’s consensus and isolate itself  and on the other hand approaching from an enemy trying to extort  and to obtain a high price regarding its agreement to make the Egyptian regime signing the surrender document.

We are mistaken if we think that the enemy aimed only to subjugate the Egyptian regime but it also wanted to impose surrender on the Arab nation, expecting that the subjugation of the Egyptian regime will drag many Arab countries to the surrender track.

This is what they expect, but fie on their plans and suppositions. What they are doing is a deal full of cheat and collusion to attain a profit at the expense of right, justice, history and all justice realities consolidated by human being throughout the ages with great effort and blood.

The Arab Governor, who is part in this deal, was looking for a selfish opportunist profit. Bust, as the people’s process and the history demonstrated such cheat and silly issues will not remain steadfast in front of the history movement and the people’s power.

They may delude people that they had realized peace, but time will pass quickly and the world will discover reality. The realities will clearly appear. They didn’t realize the peace and what they had realized from the peace point of view worth nothing.

All of the world will see that the region, after this signing, is still in a state of war and didn’t move to the peace reality because as I have said they didn’t make peace, and if we had to call what they are doing ‘peace’, it is worthy to mention that they are making the peace of war not the peace of security because the peace of security is the peace of community which is in turn built on justice.

Anyway, you, in this country and the Arab nation had chosen the way of justice, right, honor and dignity. You know that this way has a tax. You had chosen the difficult and the rocky road but it is the more honor and secure road.

All of us will remain ready, we will unhesitating pay the wanted tax and sacrifice. We will offer this faithfully and with satisfaction.

Our response to the surrender course was highlighting and uplifting the flag of steadfastness to put an end to the deterioration of the Arab stance and Arab front. The conferences of the national front for steadfastness and confrontation in Tripoli, Algeria and Damascus were considered as warning to enemies of the Arab nation because it is stronger than their conspiracies.

Then, the 9th Arab Summit conference in Baghdad was held to confirm to the world that the Arab nation  is keen to realize solidarity and is refusing surrender and calling for peace on the basis of the Israeli occupation evaluation from the Arab territories and admitting the firm rights of the Palestinian Arab people. The Baghdad summit approved a work program to commit to it for the sake of the Arab nation’s dignity and rights.

On the course of steadfastness and resisting surrender, the Syrian and Iraqi countries met in the framework of the joint Arab action charter. This meeting was the commence of the serious unity action which became advancing with high responsibility and keenness to make firm steps and to make the findings meet aspirations and wishes of the Arab nation.

In implementing the joint Arab action charter, we express our keenness to benefit from the past experiences and to make the action matching the principles we believe in and the targets we are fighting for. We express our hope that our sincere and serious action will be the essence of more wide and comprehensive Arab action.

Dear citizens:

Nowadays, we live in an unrest world suffering from unbalance and underestimation of values. In Such a world, we can avoid stumbling through adhering to our values and principles to make principles of our process clear to our people and the world.

The Arab unity is our supreme goal which we are fighting to realize without tedious and hesitation. We are part of the Arab nation, so until the realization of this Arab unity goal we will hard work for realizing and boosting the Arab solidarity.

Our commitment to the freedom of nation and citizen is a principled commitment which we will do our utmost apply.

We had chosen the course of socialism to build up our life and ensure the happy life to our people.

We are keen to preserve our moral values and our historical Arab heritage which they are considered the basis of our society and life.

We are non-aligned country believing in principles of the Non-Aligned Movement and working to foster the Movement, disseminate its principles and boost its role in the international life.

We are with liberalization everywhere and we are supporting its allies. We are with struggle of the 3rd World people in order to find a just world economic system protecting the people’s fortunes and using these fortunes for the interest of humanity.

We are friend to anyone seeks our friendship and enemies to any one seeks our hostility. In this framework we greet our friends in the socialist countries and appreciate their support to our just conflict.

We are peace callers, wherever there is peace there will be no prejudice and aggression and there will be restoration to every usurped right.

In the light of these principles, we are urging on revolution, building up our generation and next generations and fostering the armed forces –the shield and protector of our country- and ensuring to it factors of steadfastness and victory. We are fighting to liberate the Arab lands and restoring the Arab rights and we are also working to play the civilized role convenient for our people and nation.

Dear brothers:

We are celebrating this anniversary of the 8th March revolution with the absence of great leader who devoted his life for serving his people and nation. So, we have to ask God to have mercy upon the brother and friend late president Hwari Bu Madian.

We are trusting that Algeria under its new leadership will remain as it always, the country of dignity, struggle, revolution and the Arab nation.

In this moment I salute the martyrs, the ideal of the nation and the struggle.

Finally, I salute all of you and call on you to resume our integrant action, hoping to celebrate the next anniversary of the 8th March revolution with more achievements in all domains.

 

On the 12th Anniversary of the 8 march revolution,8-3-1975, the Late President Hafez Al-Assad underscored:

  •   We know the way and the goal we are heading towards with confidence, belief and strength that will enable us to realize the target which is mainly marked by good, right and justice.
  •  I am convinced that our enemies and their allies have absolutely no doubt that we ,in Syria, will not yield to any pressure.
  • They are deep-rooted people and part of a deep-rooted people and nation, they are organizing and building up themselves, and have the determination to realize victory and will reach this.
  •  It is very important that the 8 march revolution come and we achieve great progress on the revolution track with firm resolution, realize more achievements in the internal building domain and at the same time booster the efforts to liberate territories and restore rights.
  •  It is great evidence that the 8 march revolution will always be as its people wish, an incessant movement which is considered the main characteristic of revolution. For us, the revolution in its essence is a persistent work to transmit toward the best and an incessant effort for progress and building and realizing more achievements to people. The road of revolution is endless, whatever we pass stages we have more ones in front of us. Revolution needs more hard working and energy.
  •  The essential point in the continuity of this track is the incessant interaction between the revolution and people, between the leadership and people and the adherence to principle and to norms of revolution. Thus, people will be the support of the revolution, which in turn will ensure the continuity of progress and success.
  •  Our people, who struggled for social justice and socialist metamorphosis, were bounded to fight the imperialist and Zionist forces and to wage the war of liberation.
  •  Our armed forces are the shield of the country and the defender of our land and rights. They are the first confronting force, which its heroism in the wars of October and Golan had realized great appreciation and admiration in the Arab nation and the world.
  •  Our armed forces gained care and will gain more to preserve its high level of readiness and combating capacity and to remain the immune force that is frightening the enemy.
  •  Our armed forces had played its role and will remain doing this with honor, it renewed the nation’s championships, asserting that a nation containing such these brave men  will not conquer.
  •  We are enforcing our defensive capacity in face of an enemy fed up with weapons after the heavy losses it obtained in the October war. This enemy disguised to every human values and principles and insist on resuming aggression and occupying lands.
  •  As we are speaking about national and Arab struggle and about the circumstances it is passing through, which require popular awareness and determination to realize success.
  •  As we are speaking about all of this, we have to refer to an important part of our people; to half of our people, to women, especially due to the fact that this year is the year of woman.
  •  The world people are now celebrating the international woman year. No people are prior than us in celebrating this year. In our country, woman played pivotal role in all phases of history and our struggle against colonialism. Her struggle was multiple. She was struggling with herself , with her husband, with her son, with her father and with her brother. She is fighting against hardness of circumstances and against disorder of life.
  •  Of course this issue is new. All of us have to know that this taking must be translated into realities, measurements and laws. This thing must be clear, it doesn’t just mean issuing legislative decree or law to the People’s Assembly, but we have to be confident in contents of the law.
  •  If man in general knows how much he suffered during his suffering , woman in our countries deserve best appreciation and respect and complete cooperation of us in attaining her aspirations to be the genuine person who is able to donate and to give his country all his potentials.
  • I am always saying our logo must be martyrdom or victory, and I am saying martyrdom because it’s our way to victory.
  • The best to conclude my word is to ask God to have mercy on our martyrs who fight for the sake of nation.

Dr. Mohamad Abdo Al-Ibrahim

Editor-in-Chief

alibrahim56@hotmail.com

https://www.facebook.com/Mohamad.Abdo.AlIbrahim

http://syriatimes.sy/

http://www.presidentassad.net/

President Hafez Al-Assad

CV Interviews   Speeches    Words   Pictures

%d bloggers like this: