Powerful Iraqi group says they will remain part of ‘axis of resistance’ despite foreign pressure

BEIRUT, LEBANON (8:30 A.M.) – The Secretary-General of Harakat Al-Nujaba, Akram al-Kaabi, said last week that Iraq will remain part of the “axis of resistance” despite foreign-led initiatives to detach the Iraqi society from the regional developments.

“Our enemies want Iraq to be an apathetic society and not react to what is happening in our region. This goes against our beliefs,” al-Kaabi stated, as Press TV reported.

Al-Kaabi stressed that based on Islamic beliefs, Iraq cannot be separated from the greater Muslim world and the regional “resistance axis”.

“Major organizations affiliated with the Zionists, the United States and the Saudis are managing a media war against the resistance and are seeking to target our youth and our moral values,” he added.

The Harakat Al-Nujaba chief added that it was unfortunate that some of Iraq’s elites and leaders had been influenced by this foreign-backed trend.

“If our positions are based on the enemy’s media objectives, this will surely deviate us,” he noted.

Al-Kaabi made these comments shortly after U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo visited Baghdad to discuss the ongoing situation with Iran.

In addition to being one of the most powerful paramilitaries in Iraq, Harakat Al-Nujaba is also a close ally to Iran. They have both fought alongside one another inside Iraq and Syria.

Related Videos

Related News

Advertisements

ROCKET HITS NEAR EMPTY US EMBASSY IN BAGHDAD, US BLAMES IRAN

South Front

20.05.2019

Rocket Hits Near Empty US Embassy in Baghdad, US Blames Iran

On May 19th, a Katyusha rocket hit near the US Embassy in Baghdad, in the fortified “Green Zone” within the Iraqi capital, the Iraqi military said in a statement.

Joyce Karam

@Joyce_Karam

BREAKING: Katyusha shelling on Green Zone in Baghdad + blast in area near foreign embassies.

Comes 4 days after US pulled non-essential staff, amid tension w

سكاي نيوز عربية-عاجل

@SkyNewsArabia_B

مراسلنا: سقوط قذيفة كاتيوشا على المنطقة الخضراء وفقا لمصدر أمني عراقي

261 people are talking about this

Steven nabil

@thestevennabil

🛑This a major escalation, at 8:29 PM a rocket was launched toward the Green Zone and the vicinity of the U.S Embassy from (Jisr al Amana ) neighborhood in Baghdad.

106 people are talking about this
There were no casualties or losses as a result of the presumed attack.
Rocket Hits Near Empty US Embassy in Baghdad, US Blames Iran

Click to see full-size image

Iraqi military spokesman Brig. Gen. Yahya Rasoul told The Associated Press that a Katyusha rocket fell near the statue of the Unknown Soldier, less than a mile from the U.S. Embassy. He said the military was investigating the cause but that the rocket was believed to have been fired from east Baghdad. The area is home to Iran-backed Shiite militias.

A spokesman for U.S. Central Command, Bill Urban, said in a statement that Iraqi Security Forces are investigating the incident.

The rocket conveniently hit after all but critical staff were evacuated from Iraq just days earlier, due to expectations of an attack of some sort by Iran.

The US State Department was in close contact with Iraqi officials about the incident and investigations into its circumstances, the official said, adding that the “low-grade rocket” did not cause significant damage or impact any US-inhabited facilities.

Reuters cited an unnamed State Department official who said that no responsibility had been claimed, but Iran was blamed.

“But, we take this incident very seriously,” the State Department official said. “We will hold Iran responsible if any such attacks are conducted by its proxy militia forces or elements of such forces, and will respond to Iran accordingly.”

US President Donald Trump tweeted with an open threat to Iran, just hours after the alleged attack in Baghdad.

Donald J. Trump

@realDonaldTrump

If Iran wants to fight, that will be the official end of Iran. Never threaten the United States again!

103K people are talking about this
In addition to US personnel being evacuated from Iran, on May 18th, Exxon Mobil also began evacuating from the southern Iraqi province of Basra.

Iraqi Oil Minister Thamer al-Ghadban said in a statement that he sent a letter to ExxonMobil asking for clarifications over the evacuation, saying the evacuation was because of “political tensions in the region” and not related to security.

He added that the evacuation of the oil giant’s foreign employees was “unacceptable and unjustified.” Al-Ghadban said he would be holding a meeting with ExxonMobil executives this week over the evacuation, adding that their departure was “temporary.”

The alleged rocket attack on the US Embassy in Baghdad is a rather obvious attempt at justifying recent US actions and reinforcing the narrative of Iran’s “evil plans.”

And if Iran did, in fact, want to carry out a dangerous attack, why would it do so on almost completely empty premises, days after discovering that the US had withdrawn its personnel?

MORE ON THE TOPIC:

The Guardian: Soleimani Tells Iraqi Groups to Prepare for War

By Staff, The Guardian

The Guardian British daily revealed on Friday that Iran’s head of Al-Quds Forces has recently met Iraqi Popular Mobilization forces in Baghdad and told them to “prepare for proxy war”.

Two senior intelligence sources told the Guardian that Qassem Soleimani met the Iraqi leaders three weeks ago, amid a heightened state of tension in the region.

This comes as the UK raised its threat levels for British troops in Iraq on Thursday.

While Soleimani has met regularly with leaders of Iraq’s Shia groups over the past five years, the nature and tone of this gathering was different. “It wasn’t quite a call to arms, but it wasn’t far off,” one source said.

Meanwhile, a US decision was taken to evacuate non-essential diplomatic staff from the US embassy in Baghdad and Erbil.

One senior figure who learned about the meeting had since met with western officials to express concerns.

The British foreign secretary, Jeremy Hunt, appeared to align the UK on Thursday with US claims that Tehran’s threat posture had changed. “We share the same assessment of the heightened threat posed by Iran,” he said on Twitter. “As always we work closely with the USA.”

Earlier this week, a British general challenged the Trump administration’s claims that an imminent threat had emerged from Iran, creating a rare public schism between the two countries whose alliance has at times been tested by the erratic nature of Trump’s regional policy.

Related

أنصار الله القوة الإقليمية الصاعدة

مايو 17, 2019

ناصر قنديل

قدّمت تجربة أنصار الله من الصمود والذكاء الاستراتيجي والإبداع التكتيكي ما يجعلها ظاهرة تستحق الدراسة، وها هي تتقدم إلى مصاف القوة الصانعة للسياسة والتوازنات الجديدة في منطقة الخليج، لتتقدّم كقوة إقليمية صاعدة في زمن التقهقر للقوى التقليدية في الخليج، بصورة تشبه ما صنعه حزب الله في منطقة المشرق، وبدرجة تقارب وتضاهي في إنشاء موازين ردع بوجه السعودية كما أنشأ حزب الله الموازين الرادعة بوجه «إسرائيل». وتأتي عمليات أنصار الله في التأثير على أسواق النفط العالمية لتمنحهم صفة القوة الإقليمية التي لا يمكن الحد من تأثيرها بغير التفاهمات السياسية معها، لأن إثبات القدرة كان كافياً للقول إن الذهاب إلى المواجهة مع أنصار الله، بعد الفشل في تحجيم ما أظهرته قوتهم في مواجهة حرب عالمية استهدفتهم في اليمن، إنما يعني تعريض سوق النفط العالمية لأضرار لا يحتملها العالم، دون ضمان بلوغ النتائج المرجوة بإضعاف انصار الله أو تحجيم تأثيرهم على مفاصل حساسة في سوق النفط، أظهروا إتقان التعامل معها في الزمان والمكان والإعلان وعدم الإعلان.

نمت تجربة أنصار الله في ظروف جغرافية تشبه تلك التي تعيشها غزة في ظل الحصار الإسرائيلي براً وبحراً وجواً، حيث تمسك السعودية بكل ما يحيط باليمن، وتمكّن أنصار الله رغم ذلك من بناء قدرات صاروخية متقدمة تميّزت بالتطويرات التقنية المذهلة، وتميّزوا بإتقان أشد تأثيراً وفاعلية في سلاح الطائرات المسيرة، فصارت طائراتهم بدون طيار سلاح جو حقيقياً، يعبر أجواء المنطقة ويضرب حيث يشاء مثبتاً القدرة على التملص من وسائل الدفاع الجوي والرادارات المنتشرة في اليمن والخليج، تحت إدارة الخبراء الأميركيين مباشرة، وأظهروا قدرة على التقاط اللحظة الاستراتيجية بطريقة تحاكي ما فعلته قوى ودول وحركات مقاومة متمرسة بقوانين الحرب وخوض غمارها، فدخولهم على خط القلق العالمي تجاه أسواق النفط أثناء تصاعد الاشتباك الأميركي الإيراني، واستهدافهم للمنشآت النفطية للدول المتورطة في العدوان على اليمن، جعلهم شريكاً حكمياً في أي تسوية جزئية أو كلية تطال هذا النزاع، أو تسعى لتحييده عن أسواق النفط على الأقل، وتمهيدهم لذلك ببراعة تكتيكية تمثلت بمبادرة في ميناء الحديدة قدّموها بالتنسيق مع الجهات الأممية دون التشاور مع قوى العدوان، مثل قمة المهارة في إمساك خطوط وخيوط لعبة الحرب والسلم والمناورة.

السلفة الاستراتيجية التي قدّمها أنصار الله لإيران في المواجهة، لم تتمّ على حساب وطنيتهم اليمنية التي تنزف تحت ظلم وجرائم العدوان اليومي السعودي الإماراتي المدعوم بوضوح لا لبس فيه وشراكة لا تحتمل الاشتباه لإدارة الرئيس الأميركي دونالد ترامب، فقدّموا دون إعلان استثماراً مشتركاً يجعلهم شركاء في التسويات في معادلة دولية كبرى من جهة، ويمنح الحليف الإيراني موقع قوة في التفاوض من جهة أخرى، وبذلك ترجموا فهماً عميقاً وذكياً ناضجاً لمفهوم التحالفات، يشبه ما فعله حزب الله في استثماره في حرب تموز 2006 وحربه الدفاعية عن سورية، استثمار لا يبتعد عن مقتضيات الهوية الوطنية، بل يلبي حاجاتها المباشرة، لكنه لا يتردّد في دخول المسرح الإقليمي والدولي بتعزيز مكانة الحلفاء، والتقدّم بشجاعة إلى المسرح المباشر للصراعات الكبرى، ومن خلفها المفاوضات الكبرى، التي ترسم توازنات الإقليم والعالم.

يقول أحد قادة المقاومة، لقد أدهشنا أنصار الله اليمنيون دائماً، وكوادر المقاومة الذين كانوا على احتكاك مع التجربة اليمنية يحملون آثارها في أدوارهم اللاحقة ويتخذونها مثالاً في مخاطبة المتدربين والمحيطين، ويتحدثون بانبهار وإعجاب عن ميزات كالصبر والثقة بالنصر والمثابرة والتحمّل، واليقين بأن الوقت الصعب سيمرّ، وأن زمناً ليس بعيداً سيحمل التغيير الكبير، والأهم أنهم لا يتوقفون عن إضافة الجديد والمبتكر، سواء في مجال التقنيات أو التكتيكات القتالية أو الحرب النفسية، وهم ربما يكونون مثالاً يُحتذى في مجال الانضباط والتنظيم، رغم قسوة الحرب والظروف وقلة الموارد.

أيها الحوثيون، يا أنصار الله ورجاله، أنتم فخر أمتنا، تُرفع لكم القبعة، مبارك لكم أنكم في الطليعة تصنعون معادلات جديدة لشعبكم وأمتكم، وتدركون أن صفقة القرن التي تستهدف فلسطين تسقط من باب المندب ومياه بحر عمان وخط أنابيب ينبع – الدمام، كما تسقط بالمسيرات المليونية التي تتقدّم في شرق غزة والصواريخ التي تسقط قرب تل أبيب، لأن الصفقة تحتاج قوة الحليفين في تل أبيب والرياض، وتسقط بتمريغ خرافة قوتهما بوحول مجبولة بدماء الأبطال المقاومين، وليس غريباً أنكم كنتم دائماً تتسببون بالحرج لكل عربي حر صادق مع فلسطين بحجم حضوركم السخي في الساحات تحت قصف الطيران لتهتفوا لفلسطين في كل مناسبة تخصّها، فتكونون الأوائل، وهكذا أنتم اليوم، يمنيّون يدافعون بشراسة عن اليمن، وعرب أقحاح يلتزمون فلسطين بوصلة وميثاقاً، ومقاومون في الخطوط الأمامية لمحور يتكامل فعلاً وقولاً من أقصى الشمال إلى أقصى الجنوب ومن شرق الشرق إلى حيث الغرب.

ترامب ينتظر اتصالاً إيرانياً على رقم هاتف ساخن خاص وضعه لهذا الغرض وراح ينتظر، ومستشاروه اليوم ينصحونه بالسعي للحصول على رقم هاتف يخصّ أنصار الله لضمان استقرار أسواق النفط، التي لا تجدي فيها قواته وحشوده ولا حكومات يتوزع قادتها الألقاب الفخمة، والأموال الطائلة، والأسلحة المكدّسة، لكنهم لا يملكون بعضاً يسيراً من الروح التي تملكون، فتنتصرون بأرواحكم على كل ما بين أيديهم، وقد هزمت فيهم الروح، فتثبتون أن صناعة التاريخ والحرب تبدأ، كالنصر والهزيمة، بالروح وبالروح فقط. مبارك صيامكم وقيامكم، وتتبعكم المذهل لكلمات سيد مقاومتكم السيد عبد الملك الحوثي، الذي أدهش العالم بما قدم مع شباب وكهول صنعوا أحد النماذج الفريدة للمقاومة والفكر والنصر.

Related Videos

Related News

Weekly report on israel’s terrorism on Palestinians (09 May – 15 May 2019)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (09– 15 May 2019)

Israeli forces continue systematic crimes in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt)

(09-15 May 2019)

  • Israeli forces continued to use excessive force against the peaceful protestors in the Gaza Strip.
  • A Palestinian civilian was killed in the 58th Friday of Return and Breaking Siege March.
  • 182 civilians, including 63 children, 7 women, 2 journalists, and 3 paramedics, were wounded while participating in the Return March and commemorating the 71stanniversary of the Palestinian Nakbah.
  • Eight Palestinian civilians, including 4 children, were wounded in the West Bank.
  • Israeli forces conducted 40 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 2 other limited incursions into the Gaza Strip.
  • 61 Palestinian civilians, including 15 children and a girl, were arrested in the West Bank.
  • Twenty-one of them, including 6 children and a girl, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem.
  • Israeli forces arrested a child while sneaking into Israel, north of the Gaza Strip.
  • Shooting incidents were reported against the border areas of the Gaza Strip.
  • A Palestinian farmer was wounded in the northern Gaza Strip. 
  • Israeli authorities continued their settlement activities in the West Bank.
  • A barrack used for selling cars accessories was demolished in Hares village, northwest of Salfit. 
  • Nine Shooting incidents were reported against the fishing boats in the Gaza Strip Sea. 
  • Israeli forces turned the West Bank into cantons and continued to impose the illegal closure on the Gaza Strip for the 13thconsecutive year.
  • Israeli forces established 92 permanent checkpoints and 121 temporary checkpoints in the West Bank.
  • Five Palestinian civilians were arrested at military checkpoints in the West Bank.

 

Summary

Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period (09-15 May 2019).

 

Shooting:

  • In the Gaza Strip, the Israeli forces continued to use lethal force against the participants in the peaceful protests organized along the Gaza Strip borders, which witnessed the peaceful protests for the 58th week along the eastern and northern border area of the Gaza Strip. They also continued to use force as well during the incursions into the West Bank. In the Gaza Strip, Israeli forces killed a Palestinian civilian and wounded 182 others, including 63 children, 7 women, 2 journalists, and 3 paramedics, while participating in the Return March and commemorating the 71stanniversary of the Palestinian Nakbah. Moreover, a Palestinian farmer was wounded in northern Gaza Strip. In the West Bank, Israeli forces wounded 8 Palestinian civilians, including four children, in different shooting incidents.
  • In the Gaza Strip, on Friday, 10 May 2019, in excessive use of lethal force against Palestinian protestors participating in the 58th Friday of the Return March in eastern Gaza Strip, Israeli forces killed a Palestinian civilian and wounded 48 others, including 11 children, 2 women, 2 journalists, and 2 paramedics. 
  • On 15 May 2019, Israeli forces wounded 134 Palestinian civilians, including 52 children, 5 women and a paramedic, while commemorating the 71stanniversary of the Palestinian Nakbah, which was organized along the Gaza Strip eastern borders. 

 

Injuries in the Gaza Strip between 09-15 2019 According to the Governorate

 

Governorate Injuries
Total Children Women Journalists Paramedics Critical Injuries
Northern Gaza Strip 41 15 3 0 0 0
Gaza City 31 14 1 0 1 0
Central Gaza Strip 24 3 0 0 0 0
Khan Yunis 22 6 0 0 1 0
Rafah 64 25 3 2 1 0
Total 182 63 7 2 3 0

 

  • As part of targeting the Palestinian fishermen in the sea, the Israeli forces continued to escalate their attacks against the Palestinian fishermen, indicating the on-going Israeli policy to target their livelihoods. During the reporting period, PCHR documented 9 incidents were as follows: 6 incidents adjacent to al-Waha resort, 2 off al-Sowdaniyia Shore and 1 off Rafah Shore.
  • As part of targeting the border areas, on 10 May 2019, Israeli forces opened fire at a group of Palestinian farmers in eastern al-Shuja’iyia neighborhood, east of Gaza City. As a result, a Palestinian farmer sustained moderate wounds.
  • In the West Bank, Israeli forces wounded 8 Palestinian civilians, including 4 children. Four of them, including 2 children, were wounded while participating in two peaceful demonstrations organized at the eastern entrance to Kafur Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyia. Moreover, 3 protestors, including a child, were wounded when the Israeli forces moved into Jenin refugee camp, north of the West Bank. Furthermore, a child was wounded after the Israeli forces stationed at Beit Eiel checkpoint opened fire at him and then arrested him.

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 40 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 4 other incursions into Jerusalem and its suburbs. During those incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 40 Palestinians, including 9 children, from the West Bank, while 21 other civilians, including 6 children and a girl, were arrested from Jerusalem and its suburbs. It should be noted that the arrested girl is an employee at the Prisoners and Ex-prisoner affairs committee.

In the Gaza Strip, on 13 May 2019, Israeli forces moved about 100 meters into the west of the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, southeast of Beit Hanoun in the northern Gaza Strip. The Israeli vehicles leveled and combed lands that were previously levelled amidst a sporadic Israeli shooting. After that, the Israeli forces redeployed along the border fence.

On 14 May 2019, Israeli forces moved about 100 meters into al-Shawkah village, east of Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip. The Israeli vehicles combed the area adjacent to the Return March before redeploying along the border fence.

 

Israeli Forces continued their settlement activities, and the settlers continued their attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property

  • As part of the Israeli house demolitions and notices, on 14 May 2019, Israeli forces demolished a barrack used for selling cars accessories in Hares village, northwest of Salfit. The abovementioned barrack belongs to ‘Abed al-Naser ‘Abed al-Haleem Dawoud, whose loss was estimated at NIS 40,000.

Details

  1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas, and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. 

 

Thursday, 09 May 2019:

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into ‘Ourif village, south of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Oseid Mashhour Abdul Hfith Shehadah (25), As’aad Louis As’aad al-Safadi (26), and Feras Mohammed Husni Shehadah (21).

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (7) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Beit Ummer, Tarqumiya, Beit Marsam, al-Hadab villages and al-Fawar refugee camp in Hebron

 

Friday, 10 May 2019:

  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli forces stationed at the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, opened fire at a group of Palestinian farmers, east of al-Sheja’eya neighbourhood, east of the Gaza Strip. As a result, Mohammed ‘Ali al-Da’our (20) was hit with a live bullet to the right foot. Mohammed was taken to al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza City to receive medical treatment. Medical sources classified his injury as moderate.
  • At approximately 16:00, Israeli forces attacked ‘Awni (19) and his brother Mohammed Emad Abu Shamsiyah (17) when they were returning back to their house in Tal al-Ramidah neighbourhood in the center of Hebron. They then arrested them and took them to Israeli military camp in “Ramat Yishai” settlement outpost, which is about 150 meters away from their house. ‘Awni and Mohammed were released at approximately 19:00. ‘Emad Abu Shamsiyah said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

“At approximately 16:00 on Friday, 10 May 2019, my son Saleh (12) told me that his mother headed quickly to the street, so I followed her. We then saw Israeli soldiers detaining my sons ‘Awni (19) and Mohammed (17), who work in al-‘Izariyah village, and didn’t come home for 2 months. The soldiers, who dressed like civilians, attempted to handcuff ‘Awni, so I approached them in an attempt to calm him down, but the soldiers beat him with their hands. The soldiers arrested my sons and took them to a military camp in “Ramat Yishai” settlement outpost. I wanted to know what happened, but then saw female soldiers taking my wife, Fayzah Abu Shamsiyah, to the abovementioned outpost. Moreover, the soldiers detained my son Saleh and broke his camera. Meanwhile, an Israeli officer, who introduced himself as military governor, came and wanted to shake hands with me, but I refused. I demanded him to release my wife and sons. The soldiers then attempted to attack me again, but a resident moved forward and spoke with the officer. After that, my wife was released. I stayed in front of the military camp until approximately 19:00 when my sons were released. After returning home, ‘Awni said that he met with the extremist settler “Baruch Marzel”, who started cursing him in Hebrew language, so ‘Awni cursed him too. When ‘Awni approached the house gate, a number of armed soldiers dressed like civilians attacked him. After the soldiers took him to “Ramat Yishai” settlement outpost, a soldier ordered him to drink water, but ‘Awni told him that he is fasting, so the soldier brought a bucket with water that smells bad and poured it on ‘Awni.”

 

  • At approximately 17:0, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence between the gaza Strip and Israel, east of Abu Safiyah area, northeast of Jabalia in the northern Gaza Strip, arrested Qusai Amin Mohammed Abu al-Husain (15), from Jabalia, after he crossed the border fence. According to field investigation, Abu al-Husain participated in the March of Return and Breaking Siege before crossing the border fence.
  • At approximately 20:30, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, west of Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 5 nautical miles and chased them. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 21:50, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of al-Shawkah village, east of Rafah fired several flare bombs in the sky. However, no more incidents were reported.

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Tarqumiya, Raboud and Abu al-‘Asja villages in Hebron; and ‘Azoun village, east of Qalqiliya.

 

Saturday, 11 May 2019:

 

  • At approximately 10:30, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, adjacent to al-Waha Resort, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and chased them. The shooting recurred at approximately 19:00 on the same day at the fishing boats that were on an area of 2 nautical miles. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but neither casualties nor material damage was reported.

 

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Sa’ir and Bani Na’im villages in Hebron; Beta and Howarah villages, south of Nablus.

 

Sunday, 12 May 2019

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into ‘Arabah village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Anas ‘Awad Hamran (30) and Waddah Khalil al-Sha’ah (29) and then arrested them.
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Sa’ir village, north of Hebron, and stationed in Ras al-‘Aroud area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Bajes Suleiman al-Matour (44) and then arrested Bajes’s son Saleh (15). Meanwhile, another Israeli force raided and searched a house belonging to Yusuf Abdul Qader Jaradat (33) and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Etzion” settlement”, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 07:50, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, adjacent to al-Sudaniyah area, west of Jabalia in the northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 5 nautical miles and chased them. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 08:00, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, adjacent to al-Waha Resort, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and chased them. The shooting continued form time to time until approximately 09:40 on the same day. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but neither casualties nor material damage was reported.

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (5) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Beit Ummer, Surif and al-Burj villages in Hebron; Qalqiliya and ‘Azzoun village, east of the city.

 

Monday, 13 May 2019

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Yamoun village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to ‘Ala’a ‘Ali al-Badi (23) and then arrested him.
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Walajah village, northwest of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ma’rouf Ahmed al-Atrash (15) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into ‘Ourif village, south of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Abdul Qader As’aad Abdul ‘Aziz Sabbah (25) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses from which they arrested 3 civilians namely Wajdi Kathem Thawabtah (34), Anas Kathem Thawabtah (30) and Nidal Nabil Thawabtah (28).
  • At approximately 03:20, Israeli forces moved into Qalqiliyah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ibrahim Ahmed ‘Arbas (25) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin, to carry out arrest campaign. They raided and searched several houses from which they arrested 4 civilians namely Feras Mohammed al-Wehadah (30), Ahmed ‘Azmi Mohammed Husain (23), Ahmed Husain Abdul Hafith Abu ‘Abed (20), and Khalid Saleh Husain Abu Zainah (59). Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian civilians gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli forces. The Israeli forces fired live and rubber bullets, and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 3 civilians, including a child, were wounded. When the Israeli forces withdrew from the camp, they deliberately ran over Amin Mohammed Tawfiq Zakarnah (27), from Qabatia village, southeast of Jenin. As a result,  Amin sustained wounds and bruises to the chest and abdomen. The soldiers also heavily beat Wasim Ahmed Abu Jalboush (19). All the wounded civilians were taken to Dr. Khalil Suleiman Governmental Hospital in Jenin to receive medical treatment.
  • At approximately 10:00, Israeli forces accompanied with 6 military vehicles moved about 100 meters into the west of the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, adjacent to the memorial statute, southeast of Beit Hanoun in the northern Gaza Strip. The Israeli vehicles leveled and combed lands that were previously leveled amidst a sporadic Israeli shooting. At approximately 12:00, the Israeli forces redeployed along the border fence and neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 11:30, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, adjacent to al-Waha resort, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and chased them. The shooting continued until 12:40 on the same day. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but neither casualties nor material damage was reported.

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqiliyah, Qarawet Bani Hassan village, northwest of Salfit; Howarah village, south of Nablus.

 

Tuesday, 14 May 2019

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Abu Shakhaidem village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a number of houses from which they arrested 3 civilians, including a child, namely Amir Naji Abdul Razeq (17), Hamdi Mohammed Qandah (19) and Anwar Mohammed Salem (19). 
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched several houses after which they arrested 4 civilians namely ‘Ammar Mohammed Jawabrah (22) Ahmed Hassounah al-Badawi (21), Mohammed Nasser Mahfouth (21), and Mohammed Jamal Abu Sal (19).
  • At approximately 08:30, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, adjacent to al-Waha resort, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing between 2 and 4 nautical miles and chased them. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but neither casualties not material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 11:30, Israeli forces accompanied with a number of military vehicles and bulldozers moved about 100 meters from the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel into al-Shawkah village, east of Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip. They leveled lands adjacent to the Return March. The Israeli forces then redeployed along the border fence.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Hebron, Yatta and al-Fawar refugee camp; Beit al-Roush al-Tahta village in Hebron.

 

Wednesday, 15 May 2019

  • On early morning, Israeli soldiers stationed at “Beit Eil” military checkpoint, north of al-Birah, opened fire at Mohammed ‘Emad Hasanain (17), from the Gaza Strip. As a result, Mohammed was hit with a live bullet to the right leg. The Israeli forces then arrested Mohammed and took him via a military vehicle to a hospital in Israel.
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Jaber Wa’el al-Badawi (15) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Deir Abu Mash’al village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a number of houses from which they arrested Hasan Baker Zahran (15), Anwar Safi ‘Ata (15) and Mohammed Abdul Karim Zahran (15).
  • At approximately 08:40, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, adjacent to al-Waha resort, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 2 nautical miles and chased them. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 20:30, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, adjacent to al-Sudaniyah area, west of Jabalia in the northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles and chased them. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, neither casualties nor material damage was reported.

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (5) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Hebron, al-Burj, Deir Razeh and Beit Ummer villages in Hebron; Kufor Ne’mah village, west of Ramallah.

Use of Force against Demonstrations in Protest against the U.S. President’s Decision to Recognize Jerusalem as the Capital of Israel:

Israeli forces continued its excessive use of lethal force against peaceful demonstration organized by Palestinian civilians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and it was named as “The Great March of Return and Breaking Siege.” The demonstration was in protest against the U.S. President Donald Trump’s declaration to move the U.S. Embassy to it. According to PCHR fieldworkers’ observations, the border area witnessed large participation by Palestinian civilians as the Israeli forces continued to use upon highest military and political echelons excessive force against the peaceful demonstrators, though the demonstration were fully peaceful. The demonstration was as follows during the reporting period:

 

Gaza Strip:

During the 58th week of the March of Return and Breaking Siege activities, Israeli forces killed a Palestinian civilian and wounded 48, including 11 children, two women, two journalists, and two paramedics. The incidents were as follows:

  • Northern Gaza Strip: The Israeli shooting, at Palestinian demonstrators, which continued from 17:30 to 18:30, resulted in the injury of 4 Palestinian civilians, including a child. Two of them were hit with rubber bullets and the two others were directly hit with tear gas canisters.
  • Gaza City: The Israeli shooting at Palestinian demonstrators, which continued from 16:00 until 18:30, resulted in the injury of 2 Palestinian civilians. One of them was hit with a live bullet to the left foot and the other one was hit with a rubber bullet to the left hand. 
  • Central Gaza Strip: The Israeli shooting at Palestinian demonstrators, which continued from 16:00 until 19:00, resulted in the injury of 8 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children. Six of them were hit with live bullets and their shrapnel and 2 were hit with rubber bullets.
  • Khan Younis: The Israeli shooting at the demonstrators, which continued from 16:00 until 19:00, resulted in the injury of 4 civilians, including a paramedic. The wounded paramedic was identified as Mohammed Sobhi Abu Ta’emah (24), a volunteer paramedic at Watan Medical Team. 
  • Rafah: The Israeli shooting at the demonstrators, which continued from 16:30 until 18:00, resulted in the killing of Abdullah Jom’ah Ahmed Abdul ‘Aal (24), who was hit with a live bullet to the back at approximately 18:15. Medical sources at Gaza European Hospital, Khan Younis, announced Abdullah’s death. Moreover, 30 civilians, including 8 children, 2 women, 2 journalists, and a volunteer paramedic, were injured. Eleven of them were hit with live bullets and their shrapnel, 4 were hit with rubber bullets, and 15 were directly hit with tear gas canisters. The wounded journalists were identified as Abdul Rahim Mohammed Deeb al-Kahtib (42), who is a freelance journalist, was hit with a tear gas canister to the left leg; and Ramzi Hatem Jameel al-Shakhrit (34), who works at “Rowad Al-Haqiqa” Network. The wounded paramedic was identified as Bara’a Mohammed ‘Obeid al-Sufi (21), who was hit with a tear gas canister to the right hand.

 

At approximately 13:00 on Wednesday, 15 May 2019, thousands of Palestinian civilians swarmed to the five encampments established by the Supreme National Authority of Great March of Return and Breaking the Siege, east of the Gaza Strip, in commemoration of the 71st anniversary of the Palestinian Nakbah. The Israeli shooting at demonstrators resulted in the injury of 134 civilians, including 52 children, 5 women, and a paramedic. The incidents were as follows: 

  • Northern Gaza Strip: The Israeli shooting at Palestinian demonstrators, which continued until 17:00, resulted at the injury of 37 civilians, including 14 children and 3 women. Fifteen of them were hit with live bullets and their shrapnel, 5 were hit with rubber bullets, and 7 were directly hit with tear gas canisters. 
  • Gaza City: The Israeli shooting at Palestinian demonstrators resulted in the injury of 29 Palestinian civilians, including 12 children, one woman and a paramedic. Eight of them were hit with live bullets and their shrapnel, 17 were hit with rubber bullets, and 4 were directly hit with tear gas canisters. The wounded paramedic was identified as ‘Adel Darwish Khalid al-Mashharawi (47), who works at Military Medical Services, was hit with a rubber bullet to the head. 
  • Central Gaza Strip: The Israeli shooting at Palestinian demonstrators, which continued until 18:00, resulted in the injury of 16 civilians, including 3 children. Seven of them were hit with live bullets and their shrapnel and 9 were hit with rubber bullets and tear gas
  • Khan Younis: The Israeli shooting at demonstrators, which continued until 19:00, resulted in the injury of 18 civilians, including 6 children. 
  • Rafah: The Israeli shooting at Palestinian demonstrators, which continued until 18:00, resulted in the injury of 34 civilians, including 17 children and a woman. One of them was hit with a live bullet, 7 were hit with rubber bullet, and 26 were directly hit with tear gas canisters. 

West Bank:

  • At approximately 13:30 on Friday afternoon, 10 May 2019, a group of Palestinians organized a peaceful demonstration from the center of Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah, into the eastern entrance to the village, which has been closed for 15 years in favor of “Kedumim” The protestors threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed behind sand barriers. The soldiers immediately fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a child, was hit with a rubber bullet to the back.

(PCHR keeps the name of the injured child)

  • At approximately 16:30, on Saturday, 11 May 2018, a group of Palestinians organized a peaceful demonstration from the center of Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah, into the eastern entrance to the village, which has been closed for 15 years in favor of “Kedumim” The protestors threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed behind sand barriers. The soldiers immediately fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 3 civilians, including a child, were hit with rubber bullets.

(PCHR keeps the names of the injured civilians)

  1. Continued closure of the oPt

Israel continued to impose a tight closure on the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

Israeli forces continuously tighten the closure of the Gaza Strip and close all commercial crossings, making the Karm Abu Salem crossing the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip, although it is not suitable for commercial purposes in terms of its operational capacity and distance from markets.

Israeli forces have continued to apply the policy, which is aimed to tighten the closure on all commercial crossings, by imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.

Israeli forces have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities. The limited quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population of the Gaza Strip.

Israeli forces also continued to impose an almost total ban on the Gaza Strip exports, including agricultural and industrial products, except for light-weighted products such as flowers, strawberries, and spices. However, they lately allowed the exportation of some vegetables such as cucumber and tomatoes, furniture and fish.

Israel has continued to close the Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the majority of Palestinian citizens from the Gaza Strip. Israel only allows the movement of a limited number of groups, with many hours of waiting in the majority of cases. Israel has continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via the Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel also continued applying the policy of making certain civilian traveling via the crossing interviewed by the Israeli intelligence service to be questioned, blackmailed or arrested.

Beit Hanoun (“Erez”) crossing, in the north of the Gaza Strip, is designated for the movement of individuals, and links the Gaza Strip with the West Bank.

 

Movement at Beit Hanoun (“Erez”) crossing

(30 April – 07 May 2019)

Category 30 April 01 May 02 May 03 May 04 May 05 May 06 May 07 May
Patients 113 74 40 1
Companions 92 64 30 2
Personal needs 22 20 8 7 8
Families of prisoners
Arabs fromIsrael 14 4 17 42 36
Diplomats
Meetings in Erez
International workers 62 35 33 16 29
TravelersAbroad 58 52
Business people+ BMC 323 286 306 1 4
Economic and agriculture    interviews
Security interviews 4 2
Death cases
Companions’ Deaths
Return to the West Bank 8
Christians’ Holidays 47 21 7 8
Conferences and Training courses
Permits’ renewal 5
VIPs 1 1
AmbulancesPatient 2 2 1 1 1
Ambulancescompanion 2 3 3 1 1

 

 

Movement at Beit Hanoun (“Erez”) crossing

(08-13 May 2019)

Category 08 May 09 May 10 May 11 May 12 May 13 May
Patients 142 92
Companions 118 75
Personal needs 2 24 15
Families of prisoners
Arabs fromIsrael 14
Diplomats 2
Meetings in Erez 2
International workers 11 8 18
TravelersAbroad
Business people+ BMC 580 389
Economic and agriculture    interviews
Security interviews 1 7
Death cases 1
Companions’ Deaths
Return to the West Bank
Christians’ Holidays
Conferences and Training courses
Permits’ renewal
VIPs 1 1
AmbulancesPatient 1 2 1 5
Ambulancescompanion 2 2 3

 

  • Following table illustrates temporary and permanent checkpoints and arrests at these checkpoints in the West Bank between 09-15 May 2019:
Governorate Permanent temporary Temporary checkpoints Closed Roads Arrested persons
Jerusalem 13 11 1
Nablus 10 28 2 1
Jenin 5 5 1
Ramallah 11 10 4
Tulkarm 7 6 1
Tubas 2 3 1
Salfit 3 8 1 1
Qalqiliyia 5 5 4 1
Hebron 20 35 15
Bethlehem 11 9 2
Jericho 5 1
Al-Karama Crossing
Total 92 121 30 5

 

Arrests at Military Checkpoints: 

  • At approximately 15:30 on Thursday, 09 May 2019, Israeli forces arrested Khaled Dahes Ma’rouf Bani Fadel, from ‘Aqraba village, southeast of Nablus, near “Areil” settlement square, north of Salfit.
  • At approximately 18:30 on Friday, 10 May 2019, Israeli forces stationed at a military checkpoint established on al-Moraba’ah road, south of Nablus, arrested Mahmoud Khaled Sa’ied Yameen (26), from Tal village, southwest of the city.
  • At approximately 18:00 on Saturday, 11 May 2019, Israeli forces stationed at a military checkpoint established at the intersection of ‘Araba village, south of Jenin, arrested Fares ‘Abed al-Rahman ‘Awwad (28), from the abovementioned village.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Sunday, 12 May 2019, Israeli forces stationed at Qalandia military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Hamza ‘Abed al-Kareem Sa’ayidah (26) while passing through the checkpoint and heading to al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied Jerusalem’s Old City.
  • At approximately 17:30 on Sunday, 12 May 2019, Israeli forces stationed at a military checkpoint arrested Ahmed ‘Isaa Abu Libdah, from Qalqiliyia, while returning from Ramallah. It should be noted that Ahmed is an officer at the Palestinian National Security Service.
  • Efforts to Create A Jewish majority

 Israeli forces escalated their attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property. They have also continued their raids on al-Aqsa Mosque and denied the Palestinians access to it:

 

Arrests and Incursions:

  • At approximately 01:00 on Thursday, 09 May 2019, Israeli forces moved into ‘Aqbat al-Sarayia neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to Hatem Abu ‘Asab and then arrested his two sons Mohamed (19) and Mahdi (16), taking them to an unknown destination.
  • On Friday, 10 May 2019, the Israeli authorities handed the director of al-Aqsa Mosque, Sheikh Omar Al-Kiswani (57), a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “al-Qashlah” investigation center in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Local sources stated that the Israeli police summoned the director of al-Aqsa Mosque, calling him to prevent Palestinian worshipers from staying in the al-Aqsa Mosque for a certain number of days (I’tikaf). On Saturday night, 11 May 2019, a large force of Israeli soldiers raided the al-Aqsa Mosque yards and forcibly ordered the worshipers to get out of the mosque. The worshipers were repeatedly prevented from performing I’tikaf inside the mosque over this week.
  • On Friday, Israeli forces arrested ‘Ali Rafeeq Mohamed Shawahna (39), from Qalqiliyia, while he was near al-‘Amoud Gate area in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. ‘Ali’s wife, Amina al-Taweel, the spokesperson of the Palestinian Media Center for Studies, said that the Israeli forces arrested her husband while they were heading to perform al-Jum’a prayer at al-Aqsa Mosque. She added that after they passed through Qalandia checkpoint, north of the city, and approached al-‘Amoud Gate area, the Israeli forces arrested her husband and then taken him to “’Ofer” prison, southwest of Bitoniyia village, west of Ramallah. It should be noted that Shawahna served 15 years in the Israeli jails.
  • Following al-Taraweeh prayer, Israeli forces raided al-Aqsa Mosque’s yards in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, for 3 consecutive days, and forcibly got the worshipers out of the mosque. Eyewitnesses said that the Israeli forces raided al-Aqsa Mosque from al-Magharebah Gate side, deployed in the mosque’s yards, surrounded and raided al-Qibli and al-Marwani Mosques from all sides, and then ordered the worshipers to get out of them. The eyewitnesses added that following al-‘Isha and al-Taraweeh prayers, clashes erupted between dozens of Palestinian young men and the Israeli soldiers in al-‘Amoud Gate area in the center of Jerusalem. The Israeli soldiers fired sound bombs at the Palestinians and then pursued them. Seven Palestinians, including four children, were arrested by the Israeli forces. The arrested persons were identified as ‘Isam Abu Nab (16), Mohamed al-Ghazzawi (16), ‘Ali Anas al-Taweel (17), Mahmoud Khaled Tahhan (16), Mo’tasem Abu Nab (18), Khaled al-Showiki (37), and Mohamed al-Ghoul. Few hours later, the Israeli authorities released the children on one condition that they will expel from Jerusalem’s Old City, al-‘Amoud Gate area and al-Sultan Suliman Street, in addition to imposing a house arrest on them for 5 days, a fine estimated at NIS 500 and a third party bail. The Israeli police also decided to refer Mohamed al-Ghoul and Khaled al-Showiki to the Israeli Court.
  • At approximately 03:00 on Wednesday, 15 May 2019, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyia village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched dozens of houses and then arrested 10 civilians, including a girl. The arrested civilians were identified as Ghadeer al-‘Amori, an employee at the Prisoners and Ex-prisoner affairs committee; Yaser Darwish, Secretary of the Fatah Movement in the village; Mahmoud ‘Ali Naser; Fadi Mahmoud; Wael Mohamed Mahmoud; Mansour Mahmoud; Mahmoud Abu Riyalah; Malek Darwish; Hussain Abu Irmilah; and Loai Mansour. Moreover, the Israeli forces handed Fares Shafiq ‘Obaid (19) and Mofeed Mohamed ‘Obaid (21) two notices to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in al-Maskobiyia investigation center in West Jerusalem.

Settlement activities and attacks by settlers against Palestinian civilians and property

 

Israeli forces’ attacks:

  • At approximately 21:40 on Tuesday, 14 May 2019, Israeli forces backed by military vehicles, 2 bulldozers and officers of the Israeli Civil Administration moved into Hares village, northwest of Salfit. They stationed in the western area of the village and then surrounded a barrack used for sellings cars accessories. The workers immediately vacated the barrack contents and then the bulldozers demolished it completely, under the pretext of non-licensing and being in area classified as Area C. The abovementioned barrack belongs to ‘Abed al-Naser ‘Abed al-Haleem Dawoud, whose loss was estimated at NIS 40,000.
  • Recommendations to the International Community

PCHR warns of the escalating settlement construction in the West Bank, the attempts to legitimize settlement outposts established on Palestinian lands in the West Bank and the continued summary executions of Palestinian civilians under the pretext that they pose a security threat to the Israeli forces. PCHR reminds the international community that thousands of Palestinian civilians have been rendered homeless and lived in caravans under tragic circumstances due to the latest Israeli offensive on the Gaza Strip that has been under a tight closure for almost 11 years. PCHR welcomes the UN Security Council’s Resolution No. 2334, which states that settlements are a blatant violation of the Geneva Conventions and calls upon Israel to stop them and not to recognize any demographic change in the oPt since 1967.  PCHR hopes this resolution will pave the way for eliminating the settlement crime and bring to justice those responsible for it. PCHR further reiterates that the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are still under Israeli occupation in spite of Israel’s unilateral disengagement plan of 2005.  PCHR emphasizes that there is international recognition of Israel’s obligation to respect international human rights instruments and international humanitarian law.  Israel is bound to apply international human rights law and the law of war, sometimes reciprocally and other times in parallel, in a way that achieves the best protection for civilians and remedy for the victims.

  1. PCHR calls upon the international community to respect the Security Council’s Resolution No. 2334 and to ensure that Israel respects it as well, in particular point 5 which obliges Israel not to deal with settlements as if they were part of Israel.
  2. PCHR calls upon the ICC this year to open an investigation into Israeli crimes committed in the oPt, particularly the settlement crimes and the 2014 offensive on the Gaza Strip.
  3. PCHR Calls upon the European Union (EU) and all international bodies to boycott settlements and ban working and investing in them in application of their obligations according to international human rights law and international humanitarian law considering settlements as a war crime.
  4. PCHR calls upon the international community to use all available means to allow the Palestinian people to enjoy their right to self-determination through the establishment of the Palestinian State, which was recognized by the UN General Assembly with a vast majority, using all international legal mechanisms, including sanctions to end the occupation of the State of Palestine.
  5. PCHR calls upon the international community and United Nations to take all necessary measures to stop Israeli policies aimed at creating a Jewish demographic majority in Jerusalem and at voiding Palestine from its original inhabitants through deportations and house demolitions as a collective punishment, which violates international humanitarian law, amounting to a crime against humanity.
  6. PCHR calls upon the international community to condemn summary executions carried out by Israeli forces against Palestinians and to pressurize Israel to stop them.
  7. PCHR calls upon the States Parties to the Rome Statute of the ICC to work hard to hold Israeli war criminals accountable.
  8. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions to fulfill their obligations under article (1) of the Convention to ensure respect for the Conventions under all circumstances, and under articles (146) and (147) to search for and prosecute those responsible for committing grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions to ensure justice and remedy for Palestinian victims, especially in light of the almost complete denial of justice for them before the Israeli judiciary.
  9. PCHR calls upon the international community to speed up the reconstruction process necessary because of the destruction inflicted by the Israeli offensive on Gaza.
  10. PCHR calls for a prompt intervention to compel the Israeli authorities to lift the closure that obstructs the freedom of movement of goods and 1.8 million civilians that experience unprecedented economic, social, political and cultural hardships due to collective punishment policies and retaliatory action against civilians.
  11. PCHR calls upon the European Union to apply human rights standards embedded in the EU-Israel Association Agreement and to respect its obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights when dealing with Israel.
  12. PCHR calls upon the international community, especially states that import Israeli weapons and military services, to meet their moral and legal responsibility not to allow Israel to use the offensive in Gaza to test new weapons and not accept training services based on the field experience in Gaza in order to avoid turning Palestinian civilians in Gaza into testing objects for Israeli weapons and military tactics.
  13. PCHR calls upon the parties to international human rights instruments, especially the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), to pressurize Israel to comply with its provisions in the oPt and to compel it to incorporate the human rights situation in the oPt in its reports submitted to the relevant committees.
  14. PCHR calls upon the EU and international human rights bodies to pressurize the Israeli forces to stop their attacks against Palestinian fishermen and farmers, mainly in the border area.

 

………………………………………………………

Public Document

For further information please visit our website www.pchrgaza.org or contact PCHR’s office in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by email pchr@pchrgaza.org or telephone +972 08 282 4776 – 282 5893.

From the Balfour Declaration to Trump’s Promise: Palestine is Steadfast

By Ali Haidar, Al-Akhbar Newspaper

Arab inaction towards the Nakba [the Catastrophe] in Palestine and all that has happened and continues to happen to its people is not diminished by other international factors.  In talking about these international factors one should not ignore the Zionist project. This conversation is an attempt to shed light on the political aspects of the Palestinian cause and to show that the origins of what Palestine has suffered and is suffering from date back to colonial policies that embraced and supported the Zionist movement and “Israel”. This also confirms that Palestine is the main arena of conflict between the Arab peoples and the forces of international colonialism with the “Israeli” entity being one of its most important tools in its hegemonic project over the region.

Taking a quick glance at events over the last century, it is noted that the most important stages in the Palestinian cause and the overall Arab-“Israeli” conflict were the product of international developments. These affected the land of Palestine and its surroundings, beginning with the First World War that produced the Balfour Declaration and leading all the way to Donald Trump’s promise that aims to persuade the Palestinian people to grant legitimacy to the occupation. From the very first moment that the Zionist movement crystallized, its founder, Theodor Herzl, realized that its project would not see the light of day without an international embrace. This embrace would not materialize without a functional role in the interests of global colonial politics. Against this backdrop, Herzl made his initial efforts to secure this embrace. He made international calls that included Britain, Germany and the Ottoman Empire. In the end, the Zionist project became reality only after it was formally adopted by Great Britain and the Balfour Declaration during the First World War.

The Zionist project in Palestine was based on three pillars: land control, immigration and building institutions. None of the three elements could have been achieved without the British and the international embrace. It provided the umbrella for Jewish immigration that flowed into Palestine. This led to a new demographic reality in the form of infrastructure for the implementation of the Zionist project. The occupation itself provided the conditions for control over the land that formed the space on which the settlements were built. Under this control, institutions were built in the Yishuv stage [settling prior to the establishment of the “state”] that formed the nucleus of “Israel’s” existence. At a later stage, the [United Nations] Partition Plan [Resolution 181] came in 1947 to provide an international cover to transform the Zionist colony in Palestine into a Jewish “state”. The international resolution gave the Zionists a “state” on 55% of Palestine. It soon expanded in the context of the 1948 war to include 78% of the country.

But despite these developments, the demographic composition of Palestine in 1948 did not allow for the success of the Zionist project, since the proportion of Jews after successive waves of immigration during the previous decades [650 thousand] was about one third of the population of Palestine. From here, the displacement was not an incidental result of the confrontation that took place, but rather a stand-alone goal, without which the “Israeli” entity would not have been established on the land of Palestine. Now, more than 70 years after the displacement, the Zionist project is still facing the challenge of having half of the Palestinian people remaining in their homeland. Meanwhile, the enemy is continuing with its settlement annexation, which precedes and paves the way for the legal annexation. In total, it appears that 82% of the historic land of Palestine is now owned by Jews, or rather territories controlled by “Israel”.

The new international plan targeting the Palestinian cause at this stage bears the title “Deal of the Century”. The deal again raises the issue of the Partition Plan in 1947. Some would argue that if the Palestinians had accepted the plan back then they would not be facing what they are facing now. It is an attempt to say that not being realistic 70 years ago lead to the Oslo Accords and the Deal of the Century. The latter puts them back to face the same challenges. But the truth, which is ignored or overlooked by some, is that the Zionist movement adopted the policy of stages to implement its project. This is confirmed by the historical course of the Zionist movement since its founding in 1897. It was explained by the founder of “Israel” and its first Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, in a famous letter to his son Amos some 10 years before the Partition Plan [5/10/1937]. He said in the letter, “It definitely does not hurt my feelings [regesh] that a state is established, even if it is small. Of course the partition of the country gives me no pleasure. My assumption [which is why I am a fervent proponent of a state, even though it is now linked to partition] is that a Jewish ‘state’ on only part of the land is not the end but the beginning.”

Ben-Gurion explains the Zionist plan to transform the Jewish “state” on a part of Palestinian land into a launch pad for further expansion.

“We shall admit into the ‘state’ all the Jews we can. We shall organize an advanced defense force—a superior army which I have no doubt will be one of the best armies in the world. At that point I am confident that we would not fail in settling in the remaining parts of the country, through agreement and understanding with our Arab neighbors, or through some other means,” Ben-Gurion wrote.

As such, it is clear that the Palestinian and Arab approval for the partition resolution would have not been able to save the rest of Palestine or prevent the Nakba, which had no alternative because of the nature of the Zionist project and its objectives. On the contrary, it would have given Palestinian legitimacy to the “Israeli” entity. Historical experience has also proven that the issue of the Zionist entity’s legitimacy or the lack thereof is a very important issue in the conflict.

On the other hand, those who drafted the partition resolution were aware that it would not solve the problem and could not be implemented even if the Palestinians and the Arabs accepted it. The reason is clear. The Zionist entity cannot be established on 55% of Palestine’s landscape as stipulated in the resolution when the Palestinian population on that area is almost equal to the number of the Jewish settlers there. Also, the ownership of the lands held by Palestinians in that part may exceed 90%.  If we examine the Zionist position, it did not accept the partition decision, but accepted that it guarantees the establishment of the Jewish “state”. The Zionists also prepared their military plans to expand the “state”, which happened later and quickly.

One of the most important achievements of the Palestinian rejectionist position since then is keeping the Palestinian cause alive, despite the horrors and conspiracies that targeted it. If the Palestinians had accepted the partition resolution, they would have given legitimacy to a racist colonial entity over half their homeland. In addition, their acceptance would have facilitated Zionist aspirations to establish a homeland on all of Palestine more quickly and less costly then what happened later. Some, ignorantly or deliberately, confuse issues by saying that the refraction that followed is not because of the rejectionist position, but for other reasons related to the management of the conflict in its subsequent stages. However, what became clearer is that the failure of the resistance in a certain arena and at a certain time against the “Israeli” entity was not the result of a wrong choice made by the resistance. The evidence is that it has recorded historical and strategic achievements in other arenas and stages.

As in all stages of the conflict, the Palestinian people have been and still are at the center of the international schemes and Arab conspiracies because they were and still are the dam standing in front of the defeated and the traitors who are waiting for the appropriate historical moment to move to the stage of a public alliance with the Zionist entity. The Deal of the Century is seeking to achieve at this historic stage what has failed over the past decades. But at a time when “Israel” is confused and restricted in the face of 2% of Palestinian land – the Gaza Strip – the Palestinian people will not accept what they have refused during the Nakba.

من وعد بلفور إلى وعد ترامب: فلسطين عصيّة

من وعد بلفور إلى وعد ترامب: فلسطين عصيّة

كان الشعب الفلسطيني ولا يزال السدّ أمام المنهزمين والخونة الذين يترصدون الانتقال إلى التحالف العلني مع الكيان الصهيوني

لا يُقلِّل الحديث عن العامل الدولي في نكبة فلسطين وتهجير شعبها وقيام إسرائيل، من أهمية عامل التخاذل العربي في كلّ ما جرى، ولا يزال، على شعب فلسطين. كذلك فإنه لا يعني تجاهلاً للمشروع الصهيوني القائم بذاته، بقدر ما هو محاولة لتسليط الضوء على جانب أساسي من هذه القضية، وتظهير حقيقة أن منشأ كلّ ما عانته وتعانيه فلسطين يعود إلى السياسات الاستعمارية التي احتضنت ودعمت الحركة الصهيونية وإسرائيل، وهو ما يؤكد أن فلسطين هي أيضاً ساحة الاشتباك الرئيسة بين الشعوب العربية وقوى الاستعمار الدولي، التي يشكل الكيان الإسرائيلي إحدى أهم أدواتها في مشروع هيمنتها على المنطقة.

وبنظرة خاطفة إلى أحداث القرن الماضي، يُلحظ أن أهم المحطات التي مرت بها قضية فلسطين ومجمل الصراع العربي ـــ الإسرائيلي كانت بفعل تطورات دولية تركت مفاعيلها على أرض فلسطين ومحيطها، بدءاً من الحرب العالمية الأولى التي أفرزت وعد بلفور، وصولاً إلى وعد دونالد ترامب الذي يهدف إلى انتزاع شرعنة الاحتلال من الشعب الفلسطيني. فمنذ اللحظات الأولى التي تبلورت فيها الحركة الصهيونية، أدرك مؤسسها تيودور هرتزل أن مشروعها لن يرى النور من دون احتضان دولي، وأن هذا الاحتضان لن يتبلور من دون دور وظيفي يؤديه لمصلحة السياسة الدولية ـــ الاستعمارية. على هذه الخلفية، وجّه هرتزل جهوده الأولى لانتزاع هذا الاحتضان، فأجرى اتصالات دولية شملت بريطانيا وألمانيا والدولة العثمانية… وفي نهاية المطاف، لم يأخذ المشروع الصهيوني طريقه إلى التحقق في الواقع إلا بعد تبنّيه رسمياً من قِبَل بريطانيا، ووعد آرثر بلفور، في سياق الحرب العالمية الأولى.

استند المشروع الصهيوني في فلسطين إلى ثلاث ركائز: السيطرة على الأرض، والهجرة، وبناء المؤسسات. ولم يكن لكل من العناصر الثلاثة أن يتحقق من دون الاحتضان الدولي ـــ البريطاني. فهو وفّر المظلة للهجرة اليهودية التي تدفقت للاستيطان في فلسطين، وأدى ذلك إلى بلورة واقع ديموغرافي شكّل البنية التحتية لتنفيذ المشروع الصهيوني. أما الاحتلال نفسه، فوفّر شرط السيطرة على الأرض التي شكلت الحيّز الذي أقيمت عليه المستوطنات. وفي ظلّه، بُنيَت المؤسسات في مرحلة «اليشوف» (الاستيطان ما قبل إقامة الدولة) التي شكلت النواة لقيام إسرائيل. وفي مرحلة لاحقة، أتى قرار التقسيم (181) عام 1947 ليوفر غطاءً دولياً كي يحوّل المستعمرة الصهيونية في فلسطين إلى كيان يهودي دولتي. ومنح القرار الدولي الصهاينة دولة على مساحة 55% من فلسطين، سرعان ما توسعت في سياق حرب 1948 بعد أشهر لتسيطر على 78% من البلد.

مع ذلك، التركيبة الديموغرافية لفلسطين في 1948 لم تكن تسمح بنجاح المشروع الصهيوني، انطلاقاً من أن نسبة اليهود كانت بعد موجات الهجرة المتتالية خلال العقود السابقة (650 ألفاً) تقارب ثلث سكان فلسطين. من هنا، لم تكن عمليات التهجير نتيجة عَرَضية للمواجهة التي حصلت، بل كانت هدفاً قائماً بذاته، ومن دونها لم يكن للكيان الإسرائيلي أن يقوم على أرض فلسطين. والآن، بعد مضي أكثر من 70 عاماً على عمليات التهجير، لا يزال المشروع الصهيوني يواجه تحدي وجود نصف الشعب الفلسطيني على أرض وطنه. في المقابل، يواصل العدو الضمّ الاستيطاني الزاحف، الذي يسبق ويمهّد للضم القانوني. وفي النتيجة الكلية، يظهر أن 82% من أرض فلسطين التاريخية يملكها الآن يهود، أو هي أراضٍ تسيطر عليها إسرائيل.

ما لم ينجح طوال عقود تسعى «صفقة القرن» إلى تحقيقه في هذه المرحلة

المخطط الدولي الجديد الذي يستهدف القضية الفلسطينية يحمل في هذه المرحلة عنوان «صفقة القرن»، وهو ما يطرح مجدداً إشكالية يروج لها البعض بأن الفلسطينيين لو وافقوا على قرار التقسيم في 1947، لما واجهوا ما يواجهونه الآن، في محاولة للقول إن عدم الواقعية قبل أكثر من 70 عاماً أوصلت إلى «أوسلو» ثم إلى «صفقة القرن»، وهو ما يضعهم مجدداً أمام التحدي نفسه. لكن الحقيقة التي يتجاهلها أو يغفل عنها البعض، أنّ الحركة الصهيونية اعتمدت سياسة المراحل في سبيل تنفيذ مشروعها. أمرٌ يؤكده المسار التاريخي للحركة الصهيونية منذ تأسيسها عام 1897، وأوضحه مؤسس إسرائيل وأول رئيس وزراء لها ديفيد بن غوريون، وعبّر عن ذلك في رسالة مشهورة له إلى ابنه عاموس قبل نحو عشر سنوات من قرار التقسيم (5/10/1937)، يقول فيها: «لا أشعر إطلاقاً بالإهانة بإقامة دولة يهودية حتى لو كانت صغيرة، أنا بالتأكيد لا أرغب في تقسيم الأرض… أنا متحمس جداً لإقامة الدولة ــــ حتى إن كانت تلزمنا الآن الموافقة على التقسيم ــــ لأنني أرى أن الدولة اليهودية المنقوصة ليست النهاية، وبل هي البداية».

ويوضح بن غوريون الخطة الصهيونية في تحويل الدولة اليهودية على جزء من أرض فلسطين إلى منطلق للسيطرة على كاملها، بالقول: «سنحشد في الدولة أكبر عدد ممكن من اليهود… لا أشك في أن جيشنا سيكون واحداً من أكثر الجيوش تميزاً في العالم، وعندئذ أنا متأكد أنه ما من شيء سيمنعنا من الاستيطان في كل الأجزاء الباقية من الأرض، إما من طريق الاتفاق والتفاهم المتبادل مع جيراننا العرب، وإما بطرق أخرى». هكذا، يتضح على نحو ملموس أن الموافقة الفلسطينية والعربية على قرار التقسيم لم تكن لتنقذ ما بقي من فلسطين، أو تحول دون النكبة التي لم يكن هناك بديل منها بسبب طبيعة المشروع الصهيوني وأهدافه، بل كانت ستعطي شرعية فلسطينية للكيان الإسرائيلي. كذلك أثبتت التجربة التاريخية أن مسألة «شرعية» الكيان الصهيوني أو عدمها مسألة في غاية الأهمية في الصراع.

من زاوية أخرى، الذين صاغوا قرار التقسيم كانوا يدركون أنه لن يحلّ المشكلة، بل لم يكن قابلاً للتنفيذ حتى لو قبله الفلسطينيون والعرب. والسبب بكل وضوح أنه لا يمكن إقامة الكيان الصهيوني على 55% من مساحة فلسطين وفق ما نصّ عليه القرار، فيما عدد سكان تلك المساحة من الفلسطينيين يكاد يعادل عدد سكانها من اليهود، وملكية الأرض التي بحوزة الفلسطينيين في ذلك الجزء قد تزيد على 90%… وإذا ما دققنا في الموقف الصهيوني، فهو لم يقبل قرار التقسيم، وإنما قبل ما تضمنه من إقامة الدولة اليهودية. وبشكل موازٍ، أعدّ الصهاينة خططهم العسكرية لتوسيع نطاق الدولة، وهو ما حدث لاحقاً وسريعاً.

من أهم ما حققه موقف الرفض الفلسطيني منذ ذلك الحين إبقاء القضية الفلسطينية حيّة طوال هذا الوقت، على رغم الأهوال والمؤامرات التي استهدفتها. ولو وافق الفلسطينيون على قرار التقسيم، لكانوا منحوا الشرعية لكيان استعماري استيطاني عنصري على أكثر من نصف وطنهم، إضافة إلى أن قبولهم كان سيسهّل تحقيق الأطماع الصهيونية في إقامة وطنٍ على كل فلسطين بسرعة أكبر وثمن أقل مما حدث فيما بعد. والبعض يخلط جاهلاً أو متعمداً بالقول إن الانكسارات التي توالت ليست بسبب موقف الرفض، بل لأسباب أخرى ترتبط بإدارة الصراع في المراحل التي تلت. وهو ما بات أكثر وضوحاً في أن فشل المقاومة في ساحة من الساحات، وفي مرحلة زمنية معينة ضد كيان العدو، لم يكن نتيجة خطأ خيار المقاومة، والدليل أنها حققت إنجازات تاريخية واستراتيجية في ساحات ومراحل أخرى.
وكما الحال في كل مراحل الصراع، كان ولا يزال الشعب الفلسطيني محور المخططات الدولية والتآمر «العربي»، لأنه كان وما زال السدّ أمام المنهزمين والخونة الذين يترصدون اللحظة التاريخية الملائمة للانتقال إلى مرحلة التحالف العلني مع الكيان الصهيوني. وما لم ينجح طوال العقود السابقة، في هذا السياق، تسعى «صفقة القرن» إلى تحقيقه في هذه المرحلة التاريخية، لكن ما لم يقبله الشعب الفلسطيني في نكبته، لن يُسلّم به في الوقت الذي تقف فيه إسرائيل مربكة ومقيّدة أمام أقلّ من 2% من مساحة فلسطين: قطاع غزة.

من ملف : بين وعدَي بلفور وترامب: فلسطين عصيّة

 

Palestinians Proved it: ‘Nakba’ is Never a Day of Mourning, It’s Either Us or Them!

May 15, 2019

Islamic Jihad fighter

When every day in Palestinians lives is ‘Nakba’, resistance is the only way out.

By: Batoul Wehbe

Every year on May 15, Palestinians commemorate the Nakba (“catastrophe”) in 1948 when 1 million Palestinians were ethnically cleansed from their lands and over 500 Palestinian villages were destroyed or depopulated by Zionist terrorist militias to make way for the settler colonial so-called “state of Israel”.

May 15 is an annual occasion to mourn history, weep and recall the harsh scenes of massacres and bloodshed against thousands of Palestinians. It’s the date when Arab regimes humiliated themselves and accepted defeat.

Those Arabs who aborted all sparks of resistance that was launched in occupied Palestine against the Israeli occupation, starting with aborting the so-called “Salvation Army”, abandoning the idea of liberation, and striking the resistance led by heroic revolutionaries such as the Syrian officer Ihsan Kam al-Maz, Sheikh Izzidine al-Qassam and Abdul Qadir al-Husseini.

Image result for Abdul Qadir al-Husseini
Arab commander Abdul Qadir al-Husseini

Either We Come out of War Victorious, Or We All Die!

Al-Husseini, who was the leader of the Arab military force in Al-Quds area, had said on the eve of the war, just before he was martyred on the dawn of 1948: “It is inconceivable that Palestine will be for the Arabs and the Zionists together – it’s us or them. This is a war for life or death: Either we come out of the war victorious, or we all die.”

The irony is that while this Palestinian leader was having a tense discussion with Arab traitors, he concluded with an eternal statement that shall be recorded for life: “History will judge you for abandoning Palestine, you and those who are behind you, I hold you responsible. I will capture Qastel [village occupied by Zionists] and die, I and all my fighters, and history will record that you – criminals and traitors – abandoned the land.”

“Deal of the Century” Doomed to Fail

Indeed, those Arabs have sought with betrayal and direct conspiracies on resistance movements to undermine the Palestinian cause and turn it from an issue of existence to a border dispute, dwarfing it with successive decrees and agreements, gradually dividing and selling the land in bulk and retail, which paved a way for the Deal of the Century which Washington is betting on Saudi Arabia and Gulf Arabs to support and implement.

After 71 years on the Nakba, Palestine and its cause have become at the bottom of the concerns of the divided Arab regimes. It has become a poem and a repeated statement in the fragmented Arab conferences and leagues which have become opposing entities and parties looking for different means to strike the resistance and study possibilities of surrender rather than rejection options.

However, Palestinian people have never had surrender as an option. They have turned the table upside down on Arabs and Israelis by escalating the conflict with marching weekly and protesting against the Zionist criminal. The Great March of Return, which was launched on March 30, 2018, was initially planned to last for 6 weeks until Nakba Day on May 15. Over one year later, people in Gaza continue to march on the militarized border fence every single Friday, demanding their right to return and an end to the siege and blockade of Gaza. They have been marching for more than sixty consecutive weeks without boredom or fatigue despite the killing and wounding of thousands of youth, women and children as well.

manar-01192420015568938718
Gaza’s march of return

To make things worse, not long ago, Washington had recognized occupied Al-Quds as the capital of ‘Israel’, opened an embassy in it, and tightened the financial and economic siege on the Palestinians, while the occupation entity continues to commit crimes, attacks and daily arrests. The aim is to kneel down the Palestinians and force them to submit to the so-called deal with what it entails, from distortion of history to pushing towards the resettlement of Palestinian refugees in the land of the diaspora.

 

700 Rockets in Two Days Proved Zionist Fragility

The Nakba continues in various aspects and at a more difficult pace, but the Palestinian people, who did not settle down for more than a century, are creating everyday new means of resistance.

Without any exaggeration, there is no day that passes in the occupied Palestine without an act aimed at the occupation soldiers, its patrols and sites, by stabbing or running-on operations until the Palestinian cities and camps, especially the Gaza Strip, have become strongholds of resistance fighters and martyrdom bombers, dragging the enemy into a continuous state of depletion.

All this was evident in the Palestinian resistance confrontation to the latest Israeli aggression earlier this month on the Gaza Strip, where the enemy could not bear the continued firing of rockets for more than two days, seeking an international mediation and Arab cease-fire.

The Israeli enemy, today, is no longer able to face the Palestinian resistance alone, which has created a joint military effort and coordination (Joint Operations Room) to ‘make Israel pay a heavy price’. So, the firing of nearly 700 rockets within two days had questioned the effectiveness of the Zionist defensive means –which even Israeli sources said were futile- and expanded the circle of resistance targets beyond Beersheba and Tel Aviv and even deeper into the occupied territories.

The Palestinian resistance is echoing in its every day battle of existence the famous statement quoted by the hero Abdul Qadir al-Husseini back in 1948: “It’s either us or them.”

Related Videos

Related Articles

%d bloggers like this: