تعاون سوري إيراني للردع

تعاون سوري إيراني للردع

 

أكتوبر 20, 2017

ناصر قنديل

تعاون سوري إيراني للردع

– يرصد «الإسرائيليون» ويتابعون زيارات المسؤولين الإيرانيين إلى سورية ومهامهم وطبيعة وظائفهم، فيميّزون بين زيارة يقوم بها رئيس لجنة الشؤون الخارجية في البرلمان علاء الدين بروجردي وأخرى يقوم بها رئيس البرلمان علي لاريجاني أو مستشار المرشد علي أكبر ولايتي، كما يميّزون زيارات الجنرال قاسم سليماني عن زيارات مثل التي يقوم بها هذه الأيام رئيس هيئة الأركان الجنرال أمير باقري.

– يمنح «الإسرائيليون» هذه الزيارة أهمية استثنائية ويربطونها بالسعي الروسي الإيراني المستديم لبناء معادلات ردع جديدة بوجه «إسرائيل»، خصوصاً بعد الفشل «الإسرائيلي» بالحصول على ضمانات روسية لأمنها في جبهة الجولان من دون فتح مسار ينتهي بانسحابها من هذه المنطقة السورية المحتلة، فلا يمكن لـ «إسرائيل» التحدّث عن نيات ضمّ الجولان والتمسّك بالعبث مع جبهة النصرة، وبالمقابل طلب ضمانات حول طبيعة تمركز وحدات من حزب الله في جنوب سورية، وفقاً لما نقله «الإسرائيليون» عن الروس مؤخراً.

– يعترف «الإسرائيليون» بالتغير المتنامي في الموقف الروسي لصالح التعاون والتنسيق مع سورية وإيران وحزب الله، على حساب الضوابط والخطوط الحمراء «الإسرائيلية»، والذهاب لربط مشروعية المخاوف والطلبات «الإسرائيلية» بحلول شاملة تطال الجولان والعلاقات «الإسرائيلية» بالجماعات المسلحة جنوب سورية، وغالبها من تنظيم القاعدة، ما يسمح وفقاً للخبراء «الإسرائيليين»، بمنح سورية وإيران وحزب الله فرصة الحصول على غطاء روسي ضمني لبناء منظومة ردع قابلة للاشتغال مستقبلاً وبعد نهاية الحرب في سورية، وفقاً لمعادلات تبدو فيها السياسات الروسية الإيرانية السورية بعيدة عن التصادم، كما كانت تفترض «إسرائيل».

– يضع «الإسرائيليون» النجاح السوري في فرض معادلة حماية الأجواء السورية واقتناع الروس بأحقيتها بوجه الغارات «الإسرائيلية» ضمن النجاحات التي حققها الرئيس السوري بشار الأسد بهدوء وصبر، وفرضت على «الإسرائيليين» الانكفاء نحو استخدام خط الاحتياط الذي تمثله الأجواء اللبنانية لاستهداف مواقع داخل الأراضي السورية، بصواريخ موجّهة مداها ستون كليومتراً، سمحت لـ «إسرائيل» بإبقاء مواقع حيوية ومدن هامة في مرمى نيرانها، من دمشق إلى حمص وحماة وصولاً لطرطوس، وهو ما يبدو مهدّداً بالزوال مع الصاروخ الأول الذي أطلقته سورية على طائرات «إسرائيلية» في الأجواء اللبنانية.

– التحرّك «الإسرائيلي» العسكري والسياسي الهادف للحفاظ على هذا الهامش كحق مكتسب لـ «إسرائيل»، واعتبار تحرّك سورية لجعل الأجواء اللبنانية ضمن مدى الصواريخ السورية أمراً لا يمكن أن يمرّ، ولن يجد تفهماً دولياً، يشكل موضوع زيارة الجنرال باقري وفق الخبراء «الإسرائيليين». فالإصرار على بناء منظومة ردع على طول خط الحدود يبدو لهم قراراً تشارك فيه السوريون والإيرانيون مع حزب الله، والطلب السوري من الروس في تشكيل منظومة صاروخية تحمي عمقهم على طول الحدود من الجانب اللبناني، تمّت صياغته باستعداد إيران لتمويله وتقديمه لروسيا بحدود حذرة تحصره بعمق ستين كليومتراً من الحدود، ليكون موضع تفهّم روسيا الملتزمة بحقوق سورية الدفاعية، لكن «الإسرائيليين» يعترفون ان ذلك في حال حدوثه سيوفر مظلة دفاع جوي لمواقع وتحرّكات حزب الله على طرفي الحدود وبعمق كافٍ من الجانب اللبناني وتغطية كاملة في الجانب السوري.

– يقول خبراء «إسرائيليون» إن «إسرائيل» أمام تحديات استراتيجية بعيدة عن الكلام الإنشائي التفاؤلي الذي يطلقه الساسة «الإسرائيليون» وقادة المناورات العسكرية، وإن التحدي الجديد هو في امتلاك صواريخ جو أرض وبحر أرض بمدى مئات الكيلومترات يتيح لـ «الإسرائيليين» التحرك في العمق السوري واللبناني، ولو أن ذلك قد يجر أشكالاً بديلة من الدرع تجعل أسلحة «إسرائيل» في الجو والبحر أهدافاً لأسلحة أشد فعالية.

18-10-2017 | 12:58

Iranian General Mohammad Baqeri warned that it is not acceptable for the Zionist regime to violate Syria’s sovereignty anytime it wants.

Iranian and Syrian officials

During a visit to the Syrian capital Damascus, Baqeri discussed ways to deepen cooperation with the Syrian military, pledging to fight “Israel” and the takfiri terrorists.

“We are in Damascus to assert and coordinate and cooperate to confront our common enemies, the Zionists and terrorists,” the Iranian General said.

He further stated that both Syria and Iran “drew up the broad lines for this cooperation.”

In addition to meetings with his Syrian counterpart and the Arab country’s defense minister, Major General Baqeri is to meet Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad during the trip.

The top Iranian commander’s visit to Syria is aimed at broadening defense and military cooperation between Tehran and Damascus, holding consultations and promoting cooperation in the fight against terrorism, and exploring avenues to ensure stability and security in the region.

Source: News Agencies, Edited by website team

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Weekly report on israel’s terrorism against the State of Palestine

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory 

Israeli forces continue systematic crimes in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt)

(12 – 18 October 2017)

 

  • 20 Palestinian civilians, including 14 children, were wounded in the West Bank, Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip.
  • Israeli forces conducted 47 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 8 others into occupied Jerusalem.
  • 50 civilians, including 7 children, were arrested in the West Bank.
  • 6 of them, including a child, were arrested in Jerusalem and its suburbs.
  • Israeli forces closed 8 offices of 3 media companies and arrested 2 journalists in the West Bank.
  • Israeli forces continue to target the Gaza Strip border areas.
  • Israeli authorities continue to make a Jewish majority in occupied East Jerusalem.
  • Two houses were demolished in Silwan village without a prior warning while the demolition of a third house was delayed.
  • Israeli forces continue settlement activities in the West Bank
  • 3 dunums and 600 square meters were seized from al-Ta’amrah lands, east of Bethlehem.
  • Israeli forces continued to target the Palestinian fishermen in the Gaza Strip Sea.
  • 12 Shooting incidents were documented against Palestinian fishing boats in the northern and southern Gaza Strip. No casualties were reported.
  • Four fishermen were arrested, and their boat and 8 fishing nets were confiscated in addition to destroying and drowning a boat in the Sea in the northern Gaza Strip.
  • Israeli forces turned the West Bank into cantons and continued to impose the illegal closure on the Gaza Strip for the 10th
  • Dozens of temporary checkpoints were established in the West Bank and others were re-established to obstruct the movement of Palestinian civilians.
  • 2 Palestinian civilians were arrested at the checkpoints in the West Bank.

 

Summary

 

Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period (12 – 18 October 2017).

 

Shooting:

 

During the reporting period, Israeli forces wounded 20 Palestinian civilians, including 14 children; 4 of them including a child were in the West Bank while the 6 others, including 3 children, were in the Gaza Strip.  In the Gaza Strip, Israeli naval forces continued to chase Palestinian fishermen in the Sea and open fire at farmers and houses in the border areas.  The fishermen in the Sea were subject to 12 shooting incidents during the reporting period.

 

In the West Bank, 15 October 2017, a 13-year-old Palestinian child sustained shrapnel wound to the left leg when Israeli soldiers fired live and rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at a group of youngsters and students, who threw stones at the soldiers after their incursion into Rojib village, southeast of Nablus.

 

On 16 October 2017, a young man was wounded to the foot when Israeli forces moved into al-Dheishah refugee camp, south of Bethlehem, and opened fire.  On 18 October 2017, 2 civilians were wounded in Nablus and Ramallah following the Israeli forces’ incursion into the cities and closure of 8 media offices.

 

In the Gaza Strip, the border areas witnessed protests against the on-going unjust closure on the Gaza population.  During the protests, the Israeli forces used force against the protestors and opened fire in order to disperse them.  As a result, 6 civilians, including 3 children, were wounded; Five were wounded in eastern Jabalia and the other in al-Brueij refugee camp.

 

In the pretext of targeting Palestinian fishermen in the Sea, PCHR monitored that Israeli forces escalated their attacks against Palestinian fishermen in the Gaza Sea although declaring fishermen are now allowed to fish until 9 nautical miles instead of 6.  This proves that the Israeli forces continue their policy of targeting fishermen and their livelihood.  During the reporting period, Israeli gunboats chased and opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats 12 times; 11 of which were in the north-western Beit Lahia and western Soudaniyah, west of Jabalia in the northern Gaza Strip and one was off Kahn Younis shore in the southern Gaza Strip.  On 15 October 2017, 4 fishermen were arrested off al-Wahah shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, and 8 fishing nets were confiscated.  The arrested fishermen were later released.

 

On 17 October 2017, Israeli gunboats fired shells at a Palestinian fishing boat sailing within 2.5 nautical miles.  As a result, the boat was destroyed and drowned in the Sea.

It should be mentioned that the Ministry of Agriculture said that Israel informed the Ministry of Affairs that the allowed fishing area expanded from 6 to 9 nautical miles starting at 15:00 on Wednesday, 18 October 2017.

 

In the context of targeting the border areas, on 13 October 2017, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at the agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village and al-Sunati area in ‘Abasan al-Kabirah.  As a result, farmers and civilians panicked, but no casualties were reported.

 

On 15 October 2017, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip opened fire at the lands and houses in the eastern areas.  No casualties were reported.

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 47 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank. During those incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 50 Palestinian civilians, including 8 children. Six of those, including a child, were arrested in Jerusalem and its suburbs.

 

As part of the Israeli attacks against media, on Wednesday, 18 October 2017, Israeli forces closed 8 branch offices of 3 media companies in the West Bank, providing media services in Nablus, Hebron and Ramallah. These companies are PalMedia, Ram Sat, and Trans Media, noting that the offices are rented by the channels of al-Quds, Al-Aqsa and Palestine Today.  Israeli forces confiscated the broadcasting devices and equipment and closed the offices for 6 months without identifying the reasons in addition to arresting 2 journalists from Hebron.  These attacks are part of systematic steps to silence the voice of truth and cover up the serious violations of human rights in the oPt.

 

Measures to Create a Jewish Majority in occupied East Jerusalem

 

In the context of Israeli settlers’ attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property, dozens of settlers continued to raid al-Aqsa Mosque and its yards in East Jerusalem’s Old City under the Israeli forces’ protection and provoking Palestinians there.

 

Settlement Activities and Settlers’ Attacks against Palestinian Civilians and their property:

 

As part of settlers’ attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property, on 12 October 2017, hundreds of settlers under the Israeli forces’ protection moved into several neighbourhoods in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City coinciding with the last days of the Jewish Sukkot Holiday.  They attacked shops and damaged 4 vehicles and a motorbike in al-Wad neighbourhood in the Old City.  They also moved into the African Community neighbourhood near the Council “al-Majles” Gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, and threw stones, sticks and chairs at the houses’ doors and windows in the neighbourhood.

 

On 16 October 2017, the Israeli authorities declared seizing dunums from al-Ta’amrah lands, east of Bethlehem.

 

On 17 October 2017, the Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished 2 houses in Yasoul Valley neighbourhood in Silwan village, south of East Jerusalem’s Old City, without any prior warning under the pretext of building without a license.  Meanwhile, the Israeli forces were preparing to demolish a third house but the demolition was delayed after its owner resorted to the Israeli court.

 

Restrictions on movement:

 

Israel continued to impose a tight closure of the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

The illegal closure of the Gaza Strip, which has been steadily tightened since June 2007 has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.  The Israeli authorities impose measures to undermine the freedom of trade, including the basic needs for the Gaza Strip population and the agricultural and industrial products to be exported. For 9 consecutive years, Israel has tightened the land and naval closure to isolate the Gaza Strip from the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, and other countries around the world. This resulted in grave violations of the economic, social and cultural rights and a deterioration of living conditions for 2 million people.  The Israeli authorities have established Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) as the sole crossing for imports and exports in order to exercise its control over the Gaza Strip’s economy.  They also aim at imposing a complete ban on the Gaza Strip’s exports. The Israeli closure raised the rate of poverty to 65%. Moreover, the rate of unemployment increased up to 47% and youth constitutes 65% of the unemployed persons.  Moreover, 80% of the Gaza Strip population depends on international aid to secure their minimum daily needs. These rates indicate the unprecedented economic deterioration in the Gaza Strip.

 

In the West Bank, Israeli forces continued to suffocate the Palestinian cities and village by imposing military checkpoints around and/or between them. This created “cantons” isolated from each other that hinders the movement of civilians. Moreover, the Palestinian civilians suffering aggravated because of the annexation wall and checkpoints erected on daily basis to catch Palestinians.

 

 

Details

 

  1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas, and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 12 October 2017

 

  • At approximately 03:40, Israeli forces moved into al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses after which they arrested Adam (27), his brother Ayman Loai Taha (24), and Hamad Ibrahim Hamdi (25).

 

  • At approximately 17:00, an Israeli infantry unit moved from the gate of the security fence gate surrounding the “Kiryat Arba” settlement into al-Hariqah area, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed between houses and patrolled the streets, causing fear among children. A number of youngsters gathered and threw stones at the soldiers. The soldiers randomly fired tear gas canisters at them and chased them. The Israeli forces also raided and searched houses belonging to Da’ana family searching for the stone-throwers. In the evening, the infantry unit withdrew from the village, and no arrests were reported.

 

  • At approximately 07:10, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha shore, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and chased them. They also opened fire around these boats. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but no casualties were reported.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Beit Awa, al-Mawreq, Beit Awla and Sa’ir villages in Hebron.

 

Friday, 13 October 2017

 

  • At approximately 16:00, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Yunis in the southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah and al-Senati area in ‘Abasan al-Kabirah. As a result, the farmers and civilians panicked, but no casualties were reported.

 

  • At approximately 07:15, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha shore, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and chased them. They also opened fire around these boats. The shooting recurred at approximately 08:40 on the same day. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but no casualties were reported.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (2) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: ‘Atil village, northeast of Tulkarm; and Joyous village, northeast of Qalqiliyah.

 

Saturday 14 October 2017:

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Ya’bud village, southwest of Jenin, and patrolled the streets. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Taher Jawad Badarnah (23) and Qasem Khalid Mohammed Abu Baker (16)

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces accompanied with several military vehicles moved into Beit Awa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in the center of the village. The soldiers deployed between houses and patrolled the streets, causing fear among families and children. A number of the soldiers raided and searched a house belonging to Khalid Mahmoud al-Suweiti (24) and then arrested him.

 

  • At early morning, an Israeli force accompanied with 2 military vehicles and a bulldozer moved into Beit Awa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron. They closed the western entrance to the village with piles of sand and stones. This entrance connects the village with the other villages in the western side of Dura. As a result, civilians were forced to take far roads.

 

  • At approximately 14:00, Israeli forces accompanied with 5 military vehicles moved into Kherbat al-Deir in the northern Valleys, east of Tubas. They confiscated 2 trucks working on the agricultural road to rehabilitate it. They detained the drivers until at approximately 06:00 on the same day. The soldiers also took the confiscated trucks to Bisan Commercial Crossing near the area without handing the drivers a confiscation document. The trucks belong to Lafi Mafdi Lafi Sawaftah and Yasser Fraih Mohammed Wakhman.

 

  • At approximately 18:30, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniyah shore, west of Jabalia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire and chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 5 nautical miles. The shooting continued until at approximately 06:45 on the same day. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but no casualties were reported.

 

Sunday, 15 October 2017:

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Qabatiyah village, southeast of Jenin and patrolled the streets. They raided and searched several houses after which they arrested 4 civilians namely Abdul Qader Ahmed Abdul Qader Abu al-Rab (20), ‘Ezzeden As’ad Abdul Rahman Abu al-Rab (23), Basel Kamal Kamel Abu Zaid (22), and Hamzah Khalid Mohammed Abu al-Rab (20).

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Moghir village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested ‘Amer ‘Atef Abu ‘Alia (18) and Ihab Osama Abu ‘Alia (22).

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into ‘Aboud village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Rashid al-Barghuthi (29) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 05:30, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha shore, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats. The gunboats surrounded a fishing boat belonging to ‘Adnan Mohammed al-Sultan. The boat was manned by ‘Adnan’s sons Fou’ad (25) and Mahmoud (18), from al-‘Atatrah neighbourhood in Beit Lahia, and they were sailing within 500 meters offshore. The Israeli soldiers ordered them to take off their clothes, jump into the water, and swim towards the gunboat. The soldiers then arrested the fishermen, but did not confiscate their boat.

After half an hour, the Israeli gunboats surrounded another Palestinian fishing boat in the same spot and opened fire to force it to stop sailing. The boat belongs to Diab Mohammed al-sultan and was manned by Tareq Abdul Bari Mohammed al-Sultan (22) and Mohammed Yaseen ‘Ali Zayed (23), from al-Salateen neighbourhood in Beit Lahia. The soldiers ordered them to take off their clothes, jump into the water, and swim towards the gunboat. The soldiers then arrested them and confiscated 8 fishing nets. It should be noted that the Israeli forces later released the 4 fishermen after questioning them.

 

  • At approximately 07:05, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha shore, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire and chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but no casualties were reported.

 

  • At approximately 11:50, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian lands and houses in the eastern areas. However, no casualties were reported.

 

  • At approximately 13:00, Israeli forces moved into Rujeib village, southeast of Nablus, at the time students were leaving their schools. They stationed in the centre of the village when a number of children gathered and threw stones at the Israeli vehicles. The soldiers fired live and metal bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs to disperse them. As a result, a 13-year-old child sustained a live bullet shrapnel wound to the left leg, and was transferred to Rafidiya Governmental Hospital. Medical sources classified his injury as minor.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (1) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Rummanah village, west of Jenin.

 

Monday, 16 October 2017

 

  • At approximately 00:00, Israeli force moved into Qalqiliyah and patrolled the streets. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ibrahim ‘Awad Yusuf Duweikat (24) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 01:20, Israeli forces moved into Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mufeed Abu Lulha (21) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Ya’bud village, southwest of Jenin, and then patrolled the streets. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested 5 civilians namely Noor Edden Mahmoud ‘Atatrah (27), Saleh Mahmoud Hamarshah (28), Forsan Khalid Hamarshah (29), his brother ‘Akramah (30), and Mahmoud Abdullah Hassan Abu Baker (24).

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Dheisheh refugee camp, south of Bethlehem, and stationed on the main street of the camp. They raided and searched a house belonging to ‘Odai Mustafa al-Khamour (20) and then arrested him. After that, clashes erupted between young men of the camp and the Israeli forces, who fired live and rubber-coated metal bullets at them. As a result, a young man sustained a live bullet wound to the foot and was transferred to al-Hussein Hospital in Beit Jala to receive medical treatment.

 

  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into Kuber village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested 3 civilians namely Mahmoud Saleh Sabbah (20), Mohammed Wasfi Sabah (24), and Saleh Mahmoud Yusuf (27).

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin, and patrolled the streets. They raided and searched several houses after which they arrested 3 civilians namely Qasam (24) and Qasem Basel Mohammed Jabarin (28), and Suheib ‘Adnan al-Ghoul (25).

 

  • At approximately 16:00, Israeli infantry units moved from “Carmi Tsur” settlement, into the southern side of Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron, and stationed near an under-construction house in al-Thaher area. A group of youngsters were near a shop when the Israeli soldiers indirectly fired rubber-coated metal bullets at them and surrounded them in the area. They then arrested Khalid Raed Mahmoud Bahar (14) claiming that he threw stones at them as the parents’ attempts to prevent the soldiers from arresting him faild. The Israeli forces later withdrew to the abovementioned settlement.

 

  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli forces moved into ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqiliyah. They patrolled the streets and deployed the area. The soldiers then hit Rajeh Ghazi Shabitah (16) with a soldier’s rifle butt on his head. As a result, he was wounded and then arrested. The Israeli forces also arrested Mohammed Mustafa Mansour (14) and then took the arrestees to “Karni Shamron” military camp. They released them at approximately 02:00 on the next day and handed them to the Palestinian liaison. The Israeli justification of arresting them was that an unknown person whistled to the military vehicle while passing by the area.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: al-Shyoukh, al-Kume, Taffuh, Surif villages and Dura in Hebron.

 

Tuesday, 17 October 2017 2017

 

  • In early morning, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Eslaibi and then arrested his son ‘Emad (15). The soldiers also raided and searched Beit Ummer Petrol Station and then arrested Hamzah ‘Ali ‘Ayyad ‘Awad (21).

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Yamun village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank, and patrolled the streets. They raided and searched several houses and then topped the houses’ roofs. The soldiers arrested ‘Alaa’ Ahmed Mar’ie Hushiyeh (30).

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces accompanied with 3 military vehicles moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron, and stationed in the center of the village. After damaging its door and opening it with a special tool, the Israeli soldiers raided and searched a house belonging to ‘Emad Mohammed al-Salebi (48) and then arrested him. They detained the family members in one room. After an hour, the soldiers arrested ‘Emad’s son Amin (15) and took him to the area where the military vehicles stationed near the military watchtower established at the entrance to the village. Moreover, an infantry unit raided and searched a petrol station at the entrance to the village. They then arrested Hamzah ‘Ali ‘Ayyad ‘Awad (17), who works in the station, and took him to the military watchtower. Later, the arrestees were transferred to a military camp in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.

It should be noted that the Israeli forces raided and searched Hamzah’s house a week ago. They detained the family member in one room and used police dogs in searching the house. The soldiers also kept Hamza’s father naked outside and damaged the flooring in his brother’s apartment. Furthermore, they confiscated the DVR of the surveillance cameras. Hamza suffers from a chronic disease called the “Familial Mediterranean Fever” (FMF) and he needs permanent medical treatment. By arresting Hamzah, the number of the arrestees increased to 61 arrestees, including 42 children, since the beginning of the year.

 

  • At approximately 01:50, Israeli forces accompanied with military vehicles moved into Kafer Qalil village, south of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Kamal Abdul Jabbar ‘Amer (21).

 

  • At approximately 01:55, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniyah shore, west of Jabalia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire and chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but no casualties were reported.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Nablus and patrolled the city neighborhoods. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested Samer Ibrahim al-Seddah (27).

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin, and patrolled the streets. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested Nasim Yasser Fraihat (35).

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces accompanied with several military vehicles moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in Ghunaim neighborhood. They deployed between houses and patrolled the streets, causing fear among families and children. The soldiers raided and searched a house belonging to Yusuf ‘Ayed al-Faqih (32) and then arrested him and took him to the area where the military vehicles stationed. Meanwhile, a number of angry young men gathered and threw stones to the military vehicles. After that, a number of soldiers stepped out of the vehicles and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the young men and between houses. As a result, a number of young men suffered tear gas inhalation.

 

  • At approximately 02:40, Israeli forces moved into al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Abdul Rahman Mo’men al-Jalees (32) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested Saleh Amin al-Haremi (18), Murad Mousa al-Khamour (19), and Nabil Alram Fararjah (27).

 

  • At approximately 08:00, Israeli forces accompanied with a bulldozer moved into Qasrah village, southeast of Nablus, and stationed in al-Badawi area in the south-eastern side of the area. The bulldozers destroyed chain stones and 200-meter-retaining walls surrounding a land belonging to Mohyee Eden ‘Asfour Salim Hasan from the abovementioned village. The land was reclaimed in 2015 and funded by a project implemented through Qasrah Municipality.

 

  • At approximately 09:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniyah shore, west of Jabalia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire and chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles. The shooting recurred after an hour. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but no casualties were reported.

 

  • At approximately 10:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off Beit Lahia shore in the northern Gaza Strip, fired shells a Palestinian fishing boat belonging to ‘Ezz Wajih Mohammed Abu Ryalah (36) from al-Mokhabarat area, northwest of Gaza city. The fishing boat sailing within 2.5 nautical miles off Beit Lahia shore was totally damaged and drowned into the sea. It should be noted that Abu Ryalah left the boat at approximately 05:30 after he finished fishing. The boat is designated for night fishing and transfering the fishing equipment. The boat also had 2 generators, 4 flashlights, and paddles.

PCHR documented the escalation of Israeli attacks against fishermen in the Gaza Sea, despite announcing that fishermen are allowed to sail up to 9 nautical miles instead of 6 nautical miles.  This emphasizes the Israeli policy to target the fishermen and their livelihood.

 

  • At approximately 19:15, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, heavily opened fire in the vicinity of Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area off Khan Yunis shore in the southern Gaza Strip. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but neither casualties nor material damage was reported.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (2) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Yatta and al-Fawar refugee camp.

 

Wednesday, 11 October 2017

 

  • Israeli forces closed 8 branch offices of 3 media companies for in the West Bank, providing media services in Nablus, Hebron, Ramallah and Bethlehem. These companies are PalMedia, Ram Sat, and Trans Media, noting that the offices are rented by the channels of al-Quds, Al-Aqsa and Palestine Today.  Israeli forces confiscated the broadcasting devices and equipment and closed the offices for 6 months without identifying the reasons in addition to arresting 2 journalists from Hebron.  The Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) strongly condemns these decisions and calls upon the intentional community to put pressure on Israeli forces to end their attacks against the Palestinian media facilities.  These attacks are part of systematic steps to silence the voice of truth and cover up the serious violations of human rights in the oPt.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 18 October 2017, Israeli forces moved into Nablus and raided the office of PalMedia Company for Media Services in the 8th floor in the Municipality Complex Building.  They also confiscated the company’s broadcasting, production, and distribution equipment and then closed it with an iron plate.  They also fixed to its outside door posters signed by the “Commander of the IDF Judea and Samaria Division” stating that closing the company is necessary.  They also raided the offices of Trans Media and Ram Sat Companies for Media Services in the 4th floor of Qanaze’a Building next to the Municipality Complex.  They also confiscated broadcasting, production, and distribution equipment and closed the companies with an iron plate.  They also fixed to the outside doors similar posters stressing the closure was upon an order by the Israeli forces’ commander in the West Bank.

Meanwhile, Israeli forces raided al-Maha building in Hebron that includes offices of various media companies and channels.  They raided the offices of al-Quds Channel, Al-Aqsa TV, Trans Media Company and PalMedia Company.  They also arrested the Director of Tans Media Company, journalist ‘Amer Mohammed al-Ja’abari (40), from his house in Nemrah neighborhood, and his brother, Ibrahim, the Company’s Administrative Director, from his house in Sha’abah neighborhood, taking both of them to an unknown destination.  The Israeli forces fixed a statement to the offices’ doors, stating the closure of Ram Sat Media Agency’s branch office will be for 6 months.  The Israeli forces also raided the Community Knowledge and Research Library near Trans Media office in Hebron, seized 6 computers, a Fiber device and photocopiers and broke the doors and surveillance cameras.

 

During the incursion, clashes erupted between a group of Palestinian young men and the Israeli forces, who fired sound bombs, tear gas canisters and rubber-coated metal bullets at them. As a result, an 18-year-old young man sustained a metal bullet wound to the chest and was transferred to Rafidiya Hospital to receive medical treatment.

 

Meanwhile, Israeli forces raided al-Maha building in Hebron that includes offices of various media companies and channels.  They raided the offices of al-Quds Channel, Al-Aqsa TV, Trans Media Company and PalMedia Company.  They also arrested the Director of Tans Media Company, journalist ‘Amer Mohammed al-Ja’abari (40), from his house in Nemrah neighborhood, and his brother, Ibrahim, the Company’s Administrative Director, from his house in Sha’abah neighborhood, taking both of them to an unknown destination.  The Israeli forces fixed a statement to the offices’ doors, stating the closure of Ram Sat Media Agency’s branch office will be for 6 months.  The Israeli forces also raided the Community Knowledge and Research Library near Trans Media office in Hebron, seized 6 computers, a Fiber device and photocopiers and broke the doors and surveillance cameras.

 

Around the same time in Ramallah, Israeli forces raided broadcasting and media production companies, including Ram Sat, Trans Media, and PalMedia, and seized their equipment and videotapes and their montage.  Eyewitnesses said that the Israeli forces raided Palestine Building in Ramallah that includes media companies and damaged the elevators in it.  They also prevented anyone from entering or leaving the building.  They raided the offices of Trans Media and PalMedia in addition to seizing their equipment.  They then ordered the owners to close their companies for 6 months and threatened whoever disobeys the orders will subject himself to interrogation or detention.

Clashes erupted between the Israeli forces and young men during which a young man sustained a metal bullet wound to the face. He was transferred to Palestine Medical Complex to receive medical treatment. Moreover, dozens of civilians suffered tear gas inhalation.

It should be mentioned that Israeli forces raided PalMedia Company for the second time consecutively within 2 months and seized all its contents.

 

In Bethlehem, Israeli forces seized equipment from the media office of PalMedia Company.  Eyewitnesses said that large force of Israeli soldiers raided the office of PalMedia Company on al-Karkafah Street in the center of Bethlehem after breaking the main door.  They then confiscated some devices and equipment and damaged others.

 

Demonstrations in protest against the annexation wall and settlement activities

 

West Bank:

 

  • At approximately 13:30, following Friday prayer on 13 October 2017, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international activists organized a protest in Kafer Qadoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah. They made their way to the eastern entrance to the village in protest against closing that entrance since al-Aqsa Intifada. When the protestors approached the abovementioned entrance, the Israeli forces fired rubber-coated metal bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs. As a result, a number of civilians suffered tear gas inhalation.

 

Gaza Strip:

 

  • At approximately 15:00 on Friday, 13 October 2017, dozens of Palestinian youngsters made their way to the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of al-Bureij refugee in the central Gaza Strip, in solidarity with Jerusalem and protesting against the Israeli violations in al-Aqsa Mosque. About 30 youngsters gathered near the security fence and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence. The soldiers fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, a 17-year-old child, from al-Buraij refugee camp, sustained a live bullet wound to the right foot. He was transferred to Shuhadaa’ al-Aqsa hospital in Deir el-Balah to receive medical treatment. His wound was classified as moderate.

 

  • At approximately 16:00 on the same Friday, dozens of Palestinian youngsters made their way to the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of Jabalia in the northern Gaza Strip, protesting against the Israeli closure and violations on the Gaza Strip. Some of the protestors threw stones at the Israeli soldiers along the border fence. The soldiers fired live bullets, rubber-coated metal bullets, and tear gas canisters at the protestors. The shooting and clashes sporadically continued until approximately 18:45 on the same day. As a result, 5 civilians, including 2 children, were directly hit with tear gas canisters. They were transferred to the Indonesian Hospital in Jabalia, and their condition was classified as minor.

 

Note: PCHR Keeps the names of the wounded persons.

 

  1. Continued closure of the oPt

 

Israel continued to impose a tight closure on the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israeli forces continuously tighten the closure of the Gaza Strip and close all commercial crossings, making the Karm Abu Salem crossing the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip, although it is not suitable for commercial purposes in terms of its operational capacity and distance from markets.

Israeli forces have continued to apply the policy, which is aimed to tighten the closure on all commercial crossings, by imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.

 

Israeli forces have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities. The limited quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population of the Gaza Strip.

 

Israeli forces also continued to impose an almost total ban on the Gaza Strip exports, including agricultural and industrial products, except for light-weighted products such as flowers, strawberries, and spices. However, they lately allowed the exportation of some vegetables such as cucumber and tomatoes, furniture and fish.

 

Israel has continued to close the Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the majority of Palestinian citizens from the Gaza Strip. Israel only allows the movement of a limited number of groups, with many hours of waiting in the majority of cases. Israel has continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via the Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel also continued applying the policy of making certain civilian traveling via the crossing interviewed by the Israeli intelligence service to be questioned, blackmailed or arrested.

 

Movement at Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shalom) crossing, southeast of Rafah, is designated for the movement of goods

 

Date Imports
Category Amount
Tons Number Liters
10 October Various goods 5795
Humanitarian aid 14045
Cooking gas 273,990
Benzene 113,982
DieselDiesel for UNRWA 481,52176.012
Construction aggregates 10000
Cement 2960
Construction steel 510
15 October

 

 

Various goods 2716
Humanitarian aid 14970
Cooking gas 234,180
BenzeneBenzene for UNRWA 77,98638,000
DieselDiesel for UNRWA 784,99376,000
Construction aggregates 12000
Cement 1920
Construction steel 210

 

 

Exports:

On Tuesday, 10 October 2017, Israeli forces allowed the exportation of 8 tons of clothes.

On Sunday, 15 October 2017, Israeli forces allowed the exportation of 8 83.9 tons of tomatoes; 49.4 tons of cucumbers; 2 tons of eggplants; 7.1 tons of squash; 11.2 tons of sweet peppers; and 1.23 tons of sweet potatoes.

 

 Note: Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shalom) crossing was closed on Wednesday and Thursday, 11 and 12 October 2017, due to Jewish holidays.

 

Beit Hanoun (“Erez”) crossing, in the north of the Gaza Strip, is designated for the movement of individuals, and links the Gaza Strip with the West Bank.

 

Movement at Beit Hanoun (“Erez”) crossing

(11-17 October 2017)

Category 11 October 12 October 13  October 14  October 15  October  16 October 17 October
Patients 22 5 60 45 49
Companions 17 6 50 44 46
Personal needs 6 1 48 33 36
Familiesof prisoners 3
Arabs fromIsrael 5 5 16 6 6
Diplomats 1 2
International journalists
International workers 22 11 15 16 35
Travelersabroad 1 2
Business people 200 133 102
Business meetings
Security interviews 5 3 3
VIPs 1 1
Ambulances to Israel 3 2 3 3
Patients’ Companions 4 3 1 3 3

 

 

  • Note:
  • On Monday, 16 October 2017, the Israeli authorities allowed one person, who works at the General Authority of Civil Affairs (GACA) and internationals to renew his permit.
  • On Wednesday and Friday, 11 and 13 October 2017, the travelers’ movement at Erez crossing was not active while on Thursday, 12 October 2017, the crossing was completely closed due to the Jewish Sukkot Holiday.

Israel has imposed a tightened closure on the West Bank. During the reporting period, Israeli forces imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians:

 

  • Ramallah: Israeli forces established (3) checkpoints all over the city.

On Sunday, 15 October 2017, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Atarah village, north of Ramallah. They searched Palestinian civilians’ vehicles and checked their IDs. The civilians’ movement was obstructed for several hours.

On Monday, 16 October 2017, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Silwad village and near the entrance to al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah.

 

  • Hebron: Israeli forces established (15) checkpoints all over the city.

On Thursday 12 October 2017, Israeli forces established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Ethan, al-Nabi Yunis and Tarousa villages and on Khelit al-Maieh road, east of Yatta. They searched Palestinian civilians’ vehicles and checked their IDs. The civilians’ movement was obstructed for several hours.

On Sunday, 15 October 2017, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Bani Naiem village and at the western entrance to Hebron.

On Monday, Israeli forces established 4 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Hebron (al-Fahs), at the northern entrance to Yatta village, at the entrance to Samou’a village, and at the western entrance to Hebron.

On Tuesday, 17 October 2017, Israeli forces established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to al-‘Aroub refuee camp, at the western entrance to Hebron, at the entrance to Ethna village and on Raboud village road.

On the same day morning, Israeli authority closed the western entrance to Beit ‘Aynoun village, connecting the bypass road with Sa’ir village. As a result, the Israeli forces obstructed the vehicles’ movement that carrying students and employee from and to their villages. It should be noted that the Israeli authorities opened the road 2 months ago after they closed it for several months, during which the Israeli forces killed many Palestinian civilians, who passed through this road, under the pretext that attempted to carry out a stabbing attack.

 

  • Qalqiliyia: Israeli forces established (6) checkpoints all over the city.

 

On Thursday, 12 October 2017, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Heblah village and at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia. They searched Palestinian civilians’ vehicles and checked their IDs. The civilians’ movement was obstructed for several hours.

On Friday, 13 October 2017, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoints on the main street between Qalqiliyia and Nablus near “Kedumim” settlement, at the entrance to ‘Azoun village, east of Qalqiliyia. They searched Palestinian civilians’ vehicles and checked their IDs. The civilians’ movement was obstructed for several hours.

On Monday, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to ‘Azoun village and at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia. They searched Palestinian civilians’ vehicles and checked their IDs. The civilians’ movement was obstructed for several hours.

 

Salfit: Israeli forces established (4) checkpoints all over the city.

On Thursday, 12 October 2017, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoints under the bridge of Askaka village at the entrance to Kaful Hares village, north of Salfit. In the next day, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Qarawat Bani Hassan village.

On Sunday, 15 October 2017, Israeli forces established a checkpoint near Askaka village bridge, east of Salfit. They detained 2 police officers work at the Palestinian Intelligence Service, Wael Nabil Abdullah Abed al-Razeq and Ahmed Na’iem Mohamed ‘Obaid. They were released later.

In the next day, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Mardah village, north of Salfit.

 

Tulkarm: Israeli forces established (2) checkpoints all over the city.

On Friday, 13 October 2017, Israeli forces stationed at ‘Inab checkpoint, east of Tulkarm, tightened their measures. In the next day, the Israeli forces also tightened their measures and established another checkpoint at the entrance to Bal’ah village, northeast of the city.

Arrests at Military Checkpoints:

 

  • At 18:30 on Thursday, 12 October 2017, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Bureen village, southeast of Nablus, which is the main street of the village. They stopped Palestinian civilians’ vehicles, checked their IDs, and then arrested Huthifah Fareed Ziyadah (29), from Madamah village, southeast of Nablus. Huthifah was arrested while driving his own car returning from his work in Ramallah.

 

  • At approximately 15:00 on Friday, 13 October 2017, Israeli forces arrested ‘Alaa Mahmoud Salibi (26), from Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron, when stopping a bus carrying village’s residents to attend a wedding in Ramallah. ‘Alaa was arrested when the bus was stopped at a checkpoint established at the western entrance to the city. He was then taken to an unknown destination. It should be noted that the Israeli forces raided and searched ‘Alaa’s house last week and arrested his brother, Khalid (16).

 

Efforts to Create Jewish majority

 

Israeli forces escalated their attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property. They have also continued their raids on al-Aqsa Mosque and denied the Palestinians access to it:

 

  • Arrests and Incursions:

 

  • At approximately 01:30 on Thursday, 12 October 2017, Israeli forces moved into ‘Ain al-Louza neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to Bahaa Ahmed Abu Tayieh (20) and arrested him.
  • In the evening, Israeli forces turned al-‘Issawiyia village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, into a closed military zone. They also fired live bullets and rubber-coated metal bullets at the village residents. Activist Mohamed Abu al-Humus said that, on Thursday, hundreds of Israeli soldiers moved into al-‘Issawiyia village, where they heavily fired sound bombs, tear gas canisters and live bullets. They also turned the village into a closed military zone by closing all streets, surrounding the village, and imposing curfew. The Israeli soldiers also arrested Mohamed Abed al-Raaouf Mahmoud (17) while he was in a car at the village entrance. Due to firing the tear gas canisters, dozens of civilians suffered tear gas inhalation. Moreover, the closure imposed on the village, especially at the eastern and western entrances to the village; firing sound bombs and metal bullets at vehicles and residents; topping at houses’ roofs; and stationing in many neighborhoods caused a state of tension and anxiety in the village.

 

  • At approximately 23:20, Israeli forces moved into Sho’fat neighborhood, north of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to Abed al-Raheem ‘Isaa (24) and arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 16:00 on Sunday, 15 October 2017, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyia village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. Israeli soldiers deployed in many neighborhoods and confiscated flags and banners, which were hanged on walls for welcoming prisoners. They also pushed and beat up Yousef Muhasin, his wife Fadia and their daughter Salsabil while they were near al-Salam Amusement Park at the northern entrance to the village. Yousef was arrested and then taken to Salah al-Deen police center for investigation. PCHR’s fieldworker said that Yousef’s wife and his pregnant daughter were taken to hospital to receive medical treatment due to sustaining bruises. Moreover, the Israeli forces removed a banner for welcoming the prisoner Nimer Mahmoud and confiscated it. They also confiscated flags for welcoming the prisoners Mahmoud and ‘Ata Mohamed Derbas. The Israeli forces also moved into al-‘Issawiyia village cemetery in an ongoing violation of the sanctity of the dead persons.

 

  • At approximately 13:00 on Monday, 16 October 2017, a large force of Israeli soldiers moved into Qalandia refugee camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They searched houses and shops from which they confiscated surveillance cameras and arrested civilians, who were later released. The Israeli forces raided and searched a house and a toys shop belonging to Ziyad ‘Afanah after damaging the door locks and then arrested him. Clashes erupted between Palestinian young men and Israeli soldiers, who heavily fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at an UNRWA school for girls, causing fear among female students. The Israeli soldiers topped the houses roofs and deployed snipers before their withdrawal.

 

  • At approximately 13:30, a large force of Israeli soldiers moved into the schools street in the center of al-‘Issawiyia village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They heavily deployed in the area and indiscriminately fired rubber-coated metal bullets and sound bombs at the students when students were leaving their schools. As a result, 10 students, who are between 9 and 16 years old, were hit with sound bombs and rubber-coated metal bullets and sustained shrapnel wounds. Mohamed Abu al-Humus, Member of al-‘Issawiyia Follow-up Committee, said that Israeli forces raided al-‘Issawiyia village and wounded 10 students who are between 9 and 16 years old while getting out of the school. The students sustained wounds to the face, limbs, abdomen and waist. All of them were then taken to hospitals and clinics. Moreover, dozens of students were afraid due to raiding the main street near their school by the Israeli soldiers. Abu al-Humus added that one of the wounded persons was transferred from al-Maqased Hospital to Sha’arei Tzedek Hospital in the evening. It should be noted that the abovementioned wounded person was hit with a rubber-coated metal bullet to the waist and his health condition was serious as his spleen was removed. Abu al-Humus also said that the Students’ Parents Committee decided to suspend the school day in all schools in al-‘Issawiyia village until further notice in protest against the Israeli forces’ daily incursions coinciding with the start and end of the school day. He said the Israeli forces are trying to provoke and intimidate the students and erupt clashes.

 

  • At approximately 01:00 on Tuesday, 17 October 2017, Israeli forces moved into al-Sa’diyia neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to Salah Sharifah (22) and arrested him.

 

  • Houses Demolition:

 

  • On Tuesday, 17 October 2017, the Israeli Municipality bulldozers without a prior warning demolished 2 houses in Yasoul Valley neighbourhood, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. The bulldozer also started to demolish another house, but the demolition decision was delayed because its owner went to the Israeli court. According to PCHR’s investigation and eyewitnesses’ statement to PCHR’s fieldworker, on Tuesday, Israeli bulldozers accompanied with the Israeli Municipality staff moved into Yasoul Valley neighbourhood and stationed in Abu Tayieh area. They then demolished 2 houses belonging to Abu Rajab family.

Omar Abu Rajab said to PCHR’s fieldworker that the Israeli bulldozers demolished his house and his brother’s house, Raied, after fully surrounding the houses. He added that the demolition was carried out although the judge has not yet considered the appeal submitted by the family lawyer. He also said that the family had a decision to delay the demolition, but the Israeli municipally staff refused it and carried out the demolition without a prior warning.

Abu Rajab said that the two houses were built 14 months ago, and the Israeli Municipality handed them the demolition decision in last April and from that time the demolition decision was delayed several times. Lately, a hearing was held to delay the demolition and the judge has not yet considered the decision, pointing out that the family submitted the documents requested by the court and began the licensing procedures.

Abu Rajab also pointed out that his family told him about raiding the house to demolish it when he was in his work. When Abu Rajab returned, he could not enter his house or helping his family in vacating the contents due to the closure imposed on the area. He added that they demolished the houses without vacating all the contents.

It should be noted that the house sheltered 9 persons, including 2 children, and after demolishing the house, Abu Rajab family set a tent in front of their house rubble. The family became homeless due to the demolition.

 

  • In ‘Ain al-Louza neighborhood, Israeli forces raided a house belonging to Sha’ban Abu Tayeh and completely surrounded his house. The Israeli Municipality staff vacated the house contents to demolish it under the pretext of non-licensing. The house’s owner managed to delay the demolition decision after he resorted to the court. Two hours later, the Israeli forces withdrew from the neighborhood.

 

Israeli settlers’ attacks against Palestinian civilians and property:

 

On Thursday, 12 October 2017, hundreds of Israeli settlers, under the Israeli forces’ protection, moved into many neighborhoods in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, concurrently with the latest days of Jewish Sukkot Holiday. The Israeli settlers attacked shops and damaged 4 vehicles and a motorcycle in al-Wad neighborhood. They also moved into the African Community neighborhood and threw stones, chairs, and sticks at the houses’ doors and windows. Dozens of Palestinian young men gathered to stop the Israeli settlers’ attacks. As a result, 4 Palestinian civilians sustained wounds and fractures while Ya’qoub al-Dabbagh (13), was arrested. Eyewitnesses said to PCHR’s fieldworker that the Israeli settlers severely beat up Ibrahim al-Hashlamoun, raided his shop and damaged its contents in Al-‘Amoud Gate area. They also raided a house belonging to Maher Abu Isneinah on al-Wad Street. Eyewitnesses added that the Israeli forces only moved the Israeli settlers away from al-Wad Street and when the settlers arrived at al-Amoud Gate area, they beat Ibrahim up after raiding his shop.

In next day morning, the Israeli settlers organized a demonstration on al-Wad Street, while the Israeli forces heavily deployed in the area. The Israeli settlers also established iron barriers on roads and obstructed the civilians and traders’ movement.

 

  • Settlement activities and attacks by settlers against Palestinian civilians and property

 

Israeli forces’ attacks:

 

  • On Monday, 16 October 2017, the Israeli authorities declared seizing many agricultural dunums from al-Ta’amrah lands, east of Bethlehem. Hasan Braijah, Representative of Committee against Wall and Settlements in Bethlehem, said that the Israeli forces declared a military order holding No. 25/17 T, to seize of 3dumuns and 600 square meters in a plot of land No. 4 from al-Ta’amrh lands near “Nokdim” settlement, west of al-Ta’amrah lands. Hasan Braijah pointed out that the military order warns civilians of using the plot of land only through the Israeli forces, in which by this way the Israeli settlers will easily seize the land.

 

Recommendations to the International Community

 

PCHR warns of the escalating settlement construction in the West Bank, the attempts to legitimize settlement outposts established on Palestinian lands in the West Bank and the continued summary executions of Palestinian civilians under the pretext that they pose a security threat to the Israeli forces. PCHR reminds the international community that thousands of Palestinian civilians have been rendered homeless and lived in caravans under tragic circumstances due to the latest Israeli offensive on the Gaza Strip that has been under a tight closure for almost 10 years. PCHR welcomes the UN Security Council’s Resolution No. 2334, which states that settlements are a blatant violation of the Geneva Conventions and calls upon Israel to stop them and not to recognize any demographic change in the oPt since 1967.  PCHR hopes this resolution will pave the way for eliminating the settlement crime and bring to justice those responsible for it. PCHR further reiterates that the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are still under Israeli occupation in spite of Israel’s unilateral disengagement plan of 2005.  PCHR emphasizes that there is international recognition of Israel’s obligation to respect international human rights instruments and international humanitarian law.  Israel is bound to apply international human rights law and the law of war, sometimes reciprocally and other times in parallel, in a way that achieves the best protection for civilians and remedy for the victims.

 

  1. PCHR calls upon the international community to respect the Security Council’s Resolution No. 2334 and to ensure that Israel respects it as well, in particular point 5 which obliges Israel not to deal with settlements as if they were part of Israel.
  2. PCHR calls upon the ICC in 2017 to open an investigation into Israeli crimes committed in the oPt, particularly the settlement crimes and the 2014 offensive on the Gaza Strip.
  3. PCHR Calls upon the European Union (EU) and all international bodies to boycott settlements and ban working and investing in them in application of their obligations according to international human rights law and international humanitarian law considering settlements as a war crime.
  4. PCHR calls upon the international community to use all available means to allow the Palestinian people to enjoy their right to self-determination through the establishment of the Palestinian State, which was recognized by the UN General Assembly with a vast majority, using all international legal mechanisms, including sanctions to end the occupation of the State of Palestine.
  5. PCHR calls upon the international community and United Nations to take all necessary measures to stop Israeli policies aimed at creating a Jewish demographic majority in Jerusalem and at voiding Palestine from its original inhabitants through deportations and house demolitions as a collective punishment, which violates international humanitarian law, amounting to a crime against humanity.
  6. PCHR calls upon the international community to condemn summary executions carried out by Israeli forces against Palestinians and to pressurize Israel to stop them.
  7. PCHR calls upon the States Parties to the Rome Statute of the ICC to work hard to hold Israeli war criminals accountable.
  8. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions to fulfill their obligations under article (1) of the Convention to ensure respect for the Conventions under all circumstances, and under articles (146) and (147) to search for and prosecute those responsible for committing grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions to ensure justice and remedy for Palestinian victims, especially in light of the almost complete denial of justice for them before the Israeli judiciary.
  9. PCHR calls upon the international community to speed up the reconstruction process necessary because of the destruction inflicted by the Israeli offensive on Gaza.
  10. PCHR calls for a prompt intervention to compel the Israeli authorities to lift the closure that obstructs the freedom of movement of goods and 1.8 million civilians that experience unprecedented economic, social, political and cultural hardships due to collective punishment policies and retaliatory action against civilians.
  11. PCHR calls upon the European Union to apply human rights standards embedded in the EU-Israel Association Agreement and to respect its obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights when dealing with Israel.
  12. PCHR calls upon the international community, especially states that import Israeli weapons and military services, to meet their moral and legal responsibility not to allow Israel to use the offensive in Gaza to test new weapons and not accept training services based on the field experience in Gaza in order to avoid turning Palestinian civilians in Gaza into testing objects for Israeli weapons and military tactics.
  13. PCHR calls upon the parties to international human rights instruments, especially the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), to pressurize Israel to comply with its provisions in the oPt and to compel it to incorporate the human rights situation in the oPt in its reports submitted to the relevant committees.
  14. PCHR calls upon the EU and international human rights bodies to pressurize the Israeli forces to stop their attacks against Palestinian fishermen and farmers, mainly in the border area.

 

Gaza’s Humanitarian Crisis and the United Nations

Gaza’s Humanitarian Crisis and the United Nations

By Canadian Boat to Gaza,

Open Letter to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres

Dear Secretary General,

On your recent visit to Gaza, you saw with your own eyes some of the deplorable and inhumane conditions suffered by the Palestinians living in Gaza. You called it “one of the most dramatic humanitarian crises” that you had seen. We hope that, backed by the strength of the United Nations, this experience encourages you to bring maximum pressure on the State of Israel to lift the illegal and inhumane blockade the people of Gaza have been living under for ten years.

We want to remind you that there are many civil society and religious groups around the world who are watching the worsening situation in horror. We are depending on the United Nations, under your leadership, to work at the international level to increase the pressure from all nation states to use every economic and political measure to remind the State of Israel of the standards expected of the civilized nations of the world.

We are also pleased that you noticed specifically that the blockade on Gaza’s southern border with Egypt is upheld by that Arab state in defiance of both international resolutions and a sense of solidarity with a fellow Arab people. Israel is imposing the blockade not only by land, but also by air. They have destroyed Gaza airport, which was financed with international aid (including from Spain). At sea, Israeli forces attack Palestinian fishers from Gaza on a daily basis. They also illegally attack international vessels that challenge the blockade non-violently in the Freedom Flotilla missions that have taken place since 2010.

There are political reasons that make a resolution to the crisis of Gaza imperative at the international level. But even more important are the humanitarian reasons to release an entire people from the appalling situation in which they are currently forced to live.

Your own officers and researchers have concluded that Gaza will be uninhabitable by 2020. Many other reports, including those by the UN, OCHA have documented the many threats to the health and even the survival of people in Gaza. The UN has drawn particular attention to the power deficit. Since April 2017 access to electricity is often for four hours or less per day and always unpredictable. Power cuts make sewage treatment impossible leading to pollution of the beaches. Attacks on inshore fishers deprive the people of access to the nutritional value of fish. Your own research has shown up to 57% of Gaza people are ‘food insecure’. Not only is the Gaza economy paralyzed by the blockade, but restrictions on entry of building materials makes it very difficult to reconstruct bombed schools, for example. The blockade also restricts entry of school supplies and other goods that pose no threat to Israel whatsoever. This entire generation of children and young people in Gaza are growing up without the minimum to develop into educated and well-nourished adults.

The situation is so serious that you have announced an emergency grant of $4 million. But the Palestinians of Gaza do not want to have to take emergency payouts; they wants – and need – a cessation of Israeli aggression and real international peace-keeping to prevent further aggression. The so-called “Middle East Quartet” has been a disaster, accomplishing nothing and whitewashing Israeli violation of international law and the breaking of numerous agreements. The State of Israel has also ignored countless UN resolutions aimed at curtailing its activities, as well as continuing the illegal blockade of Gaza and the harassment of its fishing fleets.

In other words, despite its good intentions, the UN has a deplorable record in effectively safeguarding the Palestinians of Gaza and in promoting their security and independence.

We call on you to immediately:

Demand that the State of Israel complies with all UN resolutions, with the threat of sanctions if it does not do so.

Disband the Middle East Quartet and replace it with an effective oversight body.

Resume real peace keeping and effective protection of the civil population of Gaza.

Insist that the State of Israel respects and conforms with all UN resolutions that relate to its relations with Gaza.

Ensure that the world knows that the blockade is illegal and should demand that it be removed immediately.

Sincerely and persistently.
(list of signing organizations, below**)

Freedom Flotilla Coalition Member and Partner Organizations: freedomflotilla.org

Canadian Boat to Gaza  canadaboatgaza.org

Freedom Flotilla Italy www.freedomflotilla.it

MyCARE Malaysia www. mycare.org.my

Kia Ora Gaza [New Zealand / Aotearoa] kiaoragaza.wordpress.com

Palestine Solidarity Alliance [South Africa] www. palestinesa.co.za

Rumbo a Gaza [Spain] www.rumboagaza.org

Ship to Gaza Norway www. shiptogaza.no

Ship to Gaza Sweden shiptog aza.se

International Committee for Breaking the Siege of Gaza en.breakgazasiege.org

US Boat to Gaza womensbo attogaza.us

Miles of Smiles miles-smiles.org

Free Gaza Australia www.facebook.com/ GazaAustralia

Other Organizations

Gaza Action Ireland gazaactionireland.weebly.com

Ireland-Palestine Solidarity Campaign www.ipsc.ie

ShannonWatch (Ireland) www.shannonwatch.org

Plateforme des ONG françaises pour la Palestine plateforme-palestine.org

Council of Canadians / Conseil des Canadiens canadians.org

Bestemødre For Fred (Grandmothers For Peace, Norway) www.bestemodreforfred.com

Veterans for Peace (US) www.veteransforpeace.org

CODEPINK: Women for Peace (US) codepink.org

Voice of Women for Peace (Canada) vowpeace.org

Collectif Judéo Arabe et Citoyen pour la Palestine www.facebook.com/CJACPalestine

Palestina Solidariteit (Belgium) www.palestinasolidariteit.be

Association France Palestine Solidarité www.france-palestine.org

Cultura e libertà (Italy) palestinaculturaliberta.wordpress.com

Alternative refugee Center (Switzerland)

Badil resource center for Palestinian residency and refugee rights (Switzerland) www.badil.org/en

Women for development (Switzerland)

Union Juive Française pour la Paix (France) www.ujfp.org

Deutsch-Palästinensische Gesellschaft dpg-netz.de

Frauen in Schwarz (Vienna, Austria) www.facebook.com/pg/fraueninschwarzwien

Netherlands Palestine Committee www.palestina-komitee.nl

Palestijnse Gemeenschap in Nederland

Nederlands Arabische Stichting (Netherlands)

TIYE International (Netherlands) www.tiye-international.org/wordpress

Diensten en Onderzoek Centrum Palestina (Netherlands) www.docp.nl

Stop Represión Málaga, Voces Alternativas, Kontrapunto (Spain)

Breed Platform Palestina (Haarlem, Netherlands)

Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (Gaza, Palestine) pchrgaza.org

Asociación de la Comunidad Hispano-Palestina “Jerusalén”

Asociación Medica Hispano Palestina (Spain)

Asociación Pablo de la Torriente Brau

El movimiento de mujeres palestinas Alkarama www.alkarama.es

RESCOP – Network of Solidarity against the occupation of Palestine (with 49 member organizations in Spain)

Pertubuhan IKRAM Malaysia (Malaysia) www.ikram.org.my

Viva Palestina Malaysia www.vpm.org.my

BDS Malaysia bdsmalaysia.com

Persatuan Ulama Malaysia pum.org.my

Al-Quds Foundation Malaysia alqudsmalaysia.org

Association of Norwegian NGOs for Palestine palestina.no

Asociación Española para el Derecho Internacional de los Derechos Humanos aedidh.org/es

Parallelo Palestina (Italy) sites.google.com/site/parallel-opalestina

Canadian BDS Coalition bdscoalition.ca

Palestine Solidarity Network (Edmonton, Canada) psnedmonton.ca

People for Peace (London, Canada)

United Network for Justice and Peace in Palestine and Israel (UNJPPI) www.unjppi.org

Steelworkers Organization of Active Retirees (SOAR), Canada www.usw.ca/act/activism/soar

Boundary Peace Initiative boundarypeace.20m.com

Mid-Islanders for Justice and Peace in the Middle East midislanders.com

Palestine Solidarity Working Group (Sudbury, Canada)

B.C. Southern Interior Peace Coalition (Canada)

Coalition Against Israeli Apartheid (Victoria, Canada) caiavictoria.ca

Hawai’i Peace and Justice www.wp.hawaiipeaceandjustice.org

Hawai’i Coalition for Justice in Palestine www.facebook.com/HawaiiCoalition4JusticeInPalestine

Malu ‘Aina Center for Nonviolence Education malu-aina.org

Break the Maritime Blockade of Gaza (BMBG)

EBN – End Blockade Now

Association des Universitaires pour le Respect du Droit International en Palestine www.aurdip.fr

Collectif inter-universitaire pour la coopération avec les universités palestiniennes www.aurdip.fr/_cicup-35_.html

Comité de Vigilance pour une Paix Réelle au Proche-Orient plateforme-palestine.org/Comite-de-Vigilance-pour-une-Paix-Reelle-au-Proche-Orient

Comité La Courneuve-Palestine (France) lacourneuve-palestine.fr

Zambra Málaga www.asociacionzambra.org

Confederación General de Trabajadores: Huelva, Málaga, Osuna (Spain) www.cgtandalucia.org

Christian Peacemaker Teams (Palestine) www.cptpalestine.com

Independent Jewish Voices / Voix juives indépendantes (Canada) ijvcanada.org

Palestinian Forum in Britain PFB

Europal Forum (UK) europalforum.org.uk

BDS Colombia

BDS Slovenia

New Zealand Palestine Solidarity Network (Aotearoa / NZ) www.palestinesolidaritynz.net

Palestine Human Rights Campaign (Aotearoa / NZ) palestine.org.nz

عصام زهر الدين ومرزوق الغانم

عصام زهر الدين ومرزوق الغانم

أكتوبر 19, 20

ناصر قنديل

– معادلة غير مفهومة تستولي على المشاعر المتناقضة، فمن جهة بدموع الوداع لترجّل فارس ورحيل بطل كاللواء عصام زهر الدين. وهو يكتب سيرة صمود سورية وأسطورة نصرها وملحمة قادة يكتبون بالدم، معادلة خوارزمية لوصفة النصر، القادة في الصف الأمامي للحرب شهداء تعادل صناعة نصر الوطن، ومن جهة مقابلة نبض فرح بكلمات رئيس البرلمان الكويتي مرزوق الغانم في مؤتمر الاتحاد البرلماني الدولي في بطرسبورغ وهو يتوجّه للوفد البرلماني الإسرائيلي بكلماته الصارخة وهو يقول «احزم حقائبك وارحل يا إرهابي يا قاتل». لكن في العقل البارد، وحيث تشتعل الشرارة الأولى للعواطف الحارة، للحدثين رسالة واحدة، إنّه زمن الروح الحية لمقاومة تنبض في العروق، لم تنجح الفتن ولا سياسات الترويض والتطبيع والحروب بقتلها.

– في بلد قدّم عشرات الآلاف، بل مئات الآلاف من الشهداء ليحيا، لا يتقدّم خبر استشهاد اللواء عصام زهر الدين فيه إلا كتفسير لسرّ النصر، حيث القادة يُستشهدون كبشارة للنصر الذي يتقدّم، بمثل ما كان وقع أقدام القادة والجنود يرسم التقدّم في الجغرافيا السورية من موقعة إلى موقعة ومن ملحمة إلى ملحمة، وحيث صورة الشهيد يلاقي رفاقه الذين قدموا عبر البادية لفك الحصار عن مطار دير الزور وهو يهتف لهم كأبطال فاتحين في يوم الفتح العظيم، تلاقي صورته وهو يحمل أحد الجنود الجرحى في إحدى المعارك على كتفه ويمضي به وسط النار والدخان والركام. كما ترتسم صورة سورية وجيشها، فوق أكذوبة العصبيات والمناطق والطوائف، وأسطورة النصر السورية بمحطات البطولة مليئة بمئات الحكايات عن خريطة الدم ترسم وحدتها، وعن فاتورة الشهادة الغالية مهراً لنصر، نصر عظيم يولد من رحم عظيم الصبر وعظيم الألم، ومهر النصر العظيم لوطن عظيم لا يمكن أن يكون أقلّ من دماء قادة عظام.

في بطرسبورغ، حيث يحتشد عشراتُ رؤساء البرلمانات في مؤتمر الاتحاد البرلماني الدولي وحيث الحال الرسمية العربية في أسوأ ما مرّ عليها من تفكّك وضياع وانخراط في التطبيع مع العدو الذي يغتصب فلسطين ويستعدّ للمزيد من العدوان وحيث تعريف العدو خصوصاً في دول الخليج، يحطّ رحاله في إيران كبديل يشغل مقعد العدو، بدلاً من كيان الاحتلال وحيث الأولوية إسقاط روح المقاومة وقواها، تتفوّق وتتقدّم على كلّ ما عداها، خصوصاً حيث لا مانع من اللعب والعبث مع التطرف والإرهاب كشريك مضارب في حرب إسقاط المقاومة وحيث يُحتفل بالرئيس الأميركي المتباهي بكونه أكثر أصدقاء «إسرائيل» بين رؤساء أميركا، يُحتفل به كمخلّص وبطل بين حكام الخليج وحيث في بلادنا لا يعبّر البرلمان عما يناقض سياسة الحكومة، يخرج مرزوق الغانم من مقعده بين الحضور كرئيس للبرلمان الكويتي ولوفد بلاده المشارك في المؤتمر، وقد امتلأت رئتاه غيظاً وغضباً من كلام الوفد «الإسرائيلي» عن الإرهاب، فلم يتردّد ولم يتمهّل، ولم يقم الحسابات المريضة التي تفترضها أحوال السياسة والتحالفات والتحليلات والتأويلات، وأمسك المذياع أمامه وفي ثوانٍ قليلة خاطب رئيس الوفد «الإسرائيلي» قائلاً، «أيها الإرهابي، يا قاتل الأطفال، احزم حقائبك وارحل». وبقي يصرخ مكرّراً، ارحل، حتى رحل الوفد «الإسرائيلي».

ليس مهمّاً تفسير وتحليل شهادة اللواء عصام زهر الدين، كما ليس مهمّاً تحليل كلمات الرئيس مرزوق الغانم، فكلتاهما تعبير عن نبض يمتدّ عميقاً بين القلب والرئة، لا يخضع للحسابات الباردة عندما تغلي الدماء الحارة لتكتب، أنّ روح المقاومة أقوى من أن تروّضها دعوات الواقعية السياسية البليدة والمتخاذلة، والعقلانية الصفراء الباهتة، وأنّ «إسرائيل» ستبقى العدو، والمقاومة ستبقى وصفة النصر، والقادة العظماء مهر الطريق المعبّد بالدماء.

Syria to Bid Farewell to “Lion of Republican Guard” 

Issam Zahriddine's body has arrived late Wednesday in Damascus after being flown from Deir Ezzor.

Issam Zahriddine’s body has arrived late Wednesday in Damascus after being flown from Deir Ezzor.

Syria is to bid farewell to late Major General Zahreddine who was martyred in Deir Ezzor Wednesday, when his convey ran over a landmine placed by ISIL Takfiri terrorists.

General Zahreddine led elite divisions of the Syrian Republican Guard, one of the fiercest and most dedicated fighting forces throughout the Syrian war of resistance against Takfiri terrorism and foreign aggression.

Well known as the “Lion of Syria” or “Lion of the Republican Guard,” Zahreddine’s forces ultimately broke the three-year-long ISIL siege over Deir Ezzor in eastern Syria, paving the way for the penultimate defeat of the terrorist group as a fighting force in Syria.

Prior to this, Zahreddine played a crucial role in liberating Aleppo from Takfiri terrorists.

General Zahreddine’s martyrdom has sent Syria into mourning. His body has arrived late Wednesday in Damascus after being flown from the Deir Ezzor Governorate.

While full details about his funeral have not been released, it is believed that his body will be transported to his ancestral village of Tarba in the Al-Sweida Governorate.

Source: Agencies

Kuwaiti Official Slams ’Israeli’ Comments at An Int’l Conference, Orders Delegates to ‘Get Out’

19-10-2017 | 11:20

Local Editor

Kuwait’s chief lawmaker was angered by an ‘Israeli’ parliament representative’s comments on imprisoned Palestinian lawmakers at an international conference on Wednesday, Kuwait’s news agency, KUNA, reported.

 

Kuwait


Get out of the hall right now if you have an atom of dignity … You occupier, child killers, National Assembly Speaker Marzouq Al-Ghanem told parliamentarians gathered at Inter-Parliamentary Union talks in Russia.

“The saying ‘if you have no shame do as you please’ applies to the comments made by this rapist [‘Israeli’] parliament,” Al-Ghanem said.

During a discussion about the condition of Palestinian lawmakers arrested by ‘Israeli’ authorities, Al-Ghanem said that this “represented the most dangerous types of terrorism – the terrorism of the state”.

“You should grab your bags and leave this hall as you have witnessed the reaction of every honorable parliament around the world,” he said, addressing the Zionist delegation.

“Leave now if you have one ounce of dignity, you occupier, you murderer of children.”

The ‘Israeli’ delegation left the talks following the remarks by Al-Ghanem and several other parliaments in the midst of applause.

The 137th session of the IPU is currently underway in St Petersburg, Russia. The international organization sees representatives from 176 sovereign states come together for negotiations and talks.

Source: News Agencies, Edited by website team

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رسائل إيرانية نارية من دمشق معاً نقاتلكم أيّها الأميركيون… ومعاً نحبط مكركم!

جانب من الوصول

محمد صادق الحسيني

أكتوبر 19, 2017

للمرة الأولى منذ بدء الحرب الكونية على سورية يزور موفد عسكري وسياسي وأمني إيراني رفيع المستوى هو الأعلى مرتبة العاصمة دمشق في خطوة لها دلالاتها الاستراتيجية في زمن النصر والتحرير.

والرسائل التي حملها من الوزن الثقيل، منها ما هو قابل للإعلان ومنها ما هو أخفى وأمرّ وأدهى على العدو..!

أولاً: لم تأت هذه الزياره كردّ فعل على العدوان الجوي «الاسرائيلي» على الأجواء اللبنانية، وعلى موقع عسكري سوري قبل أيام، كما يُشاع، وإنما هي زيارة مبرمجة ومُعَدّ لها سابقاً ضمن المشاورات المتواصلة بين الجيشين الإيراني والسوري، واللذين يقاتلان العدو الصهيوأميركي نفسه ومشاريعه الإجرامية في المنطقه العربية والإسلامية.

زيارة رئيس أركان الجيش الإيرانى

ثانياً: إنّ وصول الجنرال باقري إلى دمشق واستعراضه لحرس الشرف، وهو يرتدي بزّة الميدان يحمل الكثير من المعاني، وعلى رأسها أنه لم يأتِ إلى دمشق في زيارة بروتوكولية تقتصر على التقاط الصور التذكارية الاستعراضية وتجاذب الأحاديث العامة المحتوى مع نظيره السوري.

وهذا يعني أنّ هذه الزيارة هي زيارة عمل واجتماعات مكثّفة جاء ليجريها مع القاده العسكريين السوريين وإخوانهم الإيرانيين الذين يقاتلون معهم في مختلف جبهات القتال في سورية.

لا، بل إنّ هذا الحضور يشي بأنّ القيادتين العسكريتين الإيرانية والسورية بصدد وضع اللمسات الأخيرة على خطة إعادة الزخم لمواصلة الهجوم الاستراتيجي لقوات الحلف، بما في ذلك التعاون مع القوات المسلّحة العراقية، لاستكمال حلقات هذا الهجوم بعد الانتهاء من تحرير دير الزّور والبوكمال وإحكام السيطرة، بالتعاون مع القوات المسلحة العراقية، على الحدود العراقية السورية وتأمين الطريق الاستراتيجي البري الرابط بين موسكو وغزة، عبر طهران فبغداد فدمشق فبيروت.

ثالثاً: بالنظر الى النظرة الثاقبة للمرشد الأعلى للثورة الإسلامية، وقراءته الاستشرافية الدقيقة لاحتمالات تطوّر وتغيّر أساليب العدوان الصهيوأميركي على العالمين العربي والإسلامي، وإلى اختياره هذه الشخصية العسكرية الفذة والتي تتمتع بالخبرات العسكرية والأمنية الضرورية لمواجهة أشكال العدوان الجديدة، فإنه من الواضح أنّ أعين الإمام خامنئي كانت ترى مؤامرة مسعود البرزاني تلوح في الأفق قريباً، عندما قام بتعيين الجنرال باقري رئيساً لأركان الجيش الإيراني في شهر حزيران سنة 2016.

وهنا، فإنّ من الجدير بالذكر أنّ الجنرال باقري قد تقلّد في وقت سابق منصب مساعد القائد العام للقيادة المشتركة في القوات المسلحة الإيرانية سابقاً لشؤون الاستخبارات والعمليات، إلى جانب توليه مسؤولية مساعد لرئيس الأركان للشؤون المشتركة في القوات المسلحة ومنسق بينها وبين الحرس الثوري.

رابعاً: وبالنظر الى المسؤولية الحساسة التي كان يتولاها الجنرال باقري، إبان فترة التمرّد الكردي المدعوم صهيوأميركياً في شمال غرب إيران، والذي استمرّ حتى أواخر عام 1983 والتي تمثلت في الإشراف على شؤون الاستخبارات خلال العمليات التي نفذها الحرس الثوري في تلك المنطقة وانتهت بالقضاء على ذلك التمرّد.

وانطلاقاً من هذه الخلفية، وبالنظر إلى وقائع الميدانين السوري والعراقي، واقتراب تحقيق النصر في هذا الفصل من فصول الهجوم الاستراتيجي لقوات الحلف وضرورة الاستعداد لتنفيذ المرحلة النهائية باتجاه تأمين المحافظات الشمالية الشرقية في سورية وغرب العراق. أيّ وضع اللمسات الأخيرة على خطة حماية المواطنين الأكراد في المناطق المشار إليها أعلاه من عبث مسعود برزاني وبقية جوقة العملاء هناك، وصولاً إلى تفكيك التشكيلات العسكرية العميلة والتي تديرها وزارة الحرب الأميركية وتلك «الإسرائيلية» وبتمويل إماراتي.

اذن، هي زيارة عمل ميداني بامتياز سيتبعها سيل من المفاجآت الكبرى التي لن تتوقف إلا بتحقيق الهدف النهائي المتمثل بإجبار المحتلّ الأميركي على تجميع مرتزقته والهرب من شمال شرق سورية وتحقيق أهداف الهجوم الاستراتيجي الكبير.

لذلك كان باقري واضحاً كلّ الوضوح في رسائله الأساسية التي حرص على إطلاقها من دمشق تحديداً:

 ـ نحن وسورية نقاتل سوياً عدوّنا المزدوج الصهيوني والتكفيري.

 ـ لن نسمح للعدو الصهيوني بالعدوان على سورية.

 ـ خطيئة البرزاني ممنوع أن تتكرّر…!

أيّ لا حرب على سورية أو لبنان من جانب العدو الصهيوني، ولا تراجع إيرانياً عن تلاحم قواته مع قوات الجيش السوري في جبهة الحرب على داعش وأخواته، ولا لمؤامرة التقسيم…!

وهكذا يكون الجنرال باقري قد أبلغ رسائل القائد العام للقوات المسلحة الإمام السيد علي خامنئي للصديق كما للعدو، كما وردت على لسانه في آخر خطاب له في طهران في الوقت نفسه الذي كان فيه مبعوثه يستعرض ضباط وجنود الجيش السوري بلباس الميدان ألا وهي:

لقد هُزمتم في سورية والعراق ولبنان. وهذا سبب غيظكم وحنقكم…

وإننا نعرفكم جيداً، بأنكم أنتم سادة الصهيونية والتكفيريين معاً، ولذلك سنقاتلكم جميعاً…

ولما كنا نعرف أنّ مكركم ومكائدكم مستمرّة، رغم بلاهة ترامب، فإننا لن ننام، بل نرقد ونحن لكم بالمرصاد في كلّ ساحٍ.

والكلام للسيد علي الخامنئي أمام جمع من النخب الطالبية العلمية المتفوقة في شارع فلسطين في طهران.

بعدنا طيّبين، قولوا الله…

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Palestinian Women Are Harassed, Beaten And Humiliated At Checkpoints. Here Are A Few Of Their Stories.

Palestinian Women Are Harassed, Beaten And Humiliated At Checkpoints. Here Are A Few Of Their Stories.

JEWS PALESTINE

THE FORWARD – Since 1967, about 40% of the Palestinian male population has been detained by Israel. With their men in jail, Palestinian women are left to continue surviving and ensuring the well-being of their families. From confronting increased Israeli violations to earning a living while also being caregivers, Palestinian women have had to pick up twice the weight, while living under the pressures of Israel’s continued occupation of the West Bank.

One aspect of this occupation are the military checkpoints. As of 2017, there are 98 fixed Israeli checkpoints around and within the West Bank. This is discounting the hundreds of flying checkpoints that sporadically erupt across the region. According to OCHA, more than 2.4 million people are affected by the physical restrictions in the West Bank.

While Israel claims these checkpoints are necessary for security reasons, Palestinians say that this is another measure to further inhibit any control they have over the little space afforded to them. Rather than security, many Palestinians view the checkpoints as a way to humiliate them, and further diminish their dignity.

Checkpoints are also destructive to Palestinian economy and welfare, and women and girls were no exception to the negative consequences of checkpoints.

These are some of their stories.

Maysanne Murad, 13 years old, Qalandiya Checkpoint

I was so excited to see my best friend. By the time my parents agreed to let me sleep over at her house, I was already packed and waiting by the door. I walked to the main Ramallah bus stop next to my school and hopped on a #119 bus. I wasn’t nervous at all. I always did this, since my friend lives in Jerusalem and I live on the other side of the checkpoint in Ramallah. It usually takes me a little over an hour to get to her house.

There was lots of traffic that day, usual on a Saturday. But I didn’t mind because I always read a book. As the bus got closer to the front of the line, I unfolded the koshan that I kept in the back pocket of my light-pink wallet. Someone next to me asked me what the paper was, and I explained that since I wasn’t old enough to have an identity card, I had a legal document confirming that I was allowed to enter Jerusalem.

An armed Israeli guard wearing a green uniform stepped onto the bus, and I felt a little nervous. He held his gun tightly, and suspiciously inspected everyone’s cards.

When he finally reached me I prepared myself for a flood of questions. I was usually asked lots of questions, since my picture wasn’t on the koshan. It contained information like my name, birthday and place of birth. I never really understood why the koshan was so important, since anyone my age could easily memorize the information and sneak into Jerusalem.

The soldier took my paper and looked at me. Here I was, at a crossroads; I could squint my eyes slightly and purse my lips to defy him, or I could widen my eyes to appear innocent. I decided to go with the latter, safe choice. I knew that if I defied him I would just delay the bus and it wouldn’t help my case. He beckoned his partner and they asked me the routine questions: my name, age, birth place, where my parents’ were and where the original koshan was. I got a little nervous because usually only one soldier asked me questions while the other checked other passengers.

This time, after asking me the questions, they kept my paper. Then they told me to get off the bus.

As I stumbled off the bus. My overnight bag threw me off balance. I glanced back at the driver and I recognized his scared yet menacing eyes trailing after the soldiers from glances I always see Palestinians give soldiers. I tried to breathe. This had never happened before. Usually they asked me questions and then let me through. But here I was, standing in the middle of the checkpoint.

I looked around and saw a blur of black and green. The camouflage uniforms and large guns made me dizzy. About five soldiers swarmed around me. They didn’t offer me a chair, and I felt very out of place.

I was hot and my clothes clung to my skin. I felt trapped and terrible because I had delayed the bus. I couldn’t help but think of the people who were tired and just wanted to get home to their families. I felt like I was at such a disadvantage because all the soldiers spoke Hebrew while I tried to decipher what was being said.

One of the soldiers looked at me sympathetically but then turned away and laughed as another soldier told a joke in a loud voice.

Here I squinted my eyes at the soldiers. How could they be so comfortable holding their guns and interrogating a child? This was the first time I had been forced off my bus. I felt unsafe and violated. I was being interrogated for wanting to see my friend.

After 20 minutes, my koshan was returned to me, and I quickly got back onto the bus, suddenly exhausted from the weight of my bag. I didn’t read my book. I was overwhelmed with sorrow and exhaustion.

Some 20 minutes later, I reached my destination. I walked into the home I knew so well, and sat down for a bowl of soup as I told my story to the wide-eyed family before me. They weren’t surprised by the strange incident, but were surprised that it had happened to me.

I’m only 13 years old.

Samar Ahmad (pseudonym), 29 years old, Qalandiya Checkpoint

The process of going through checkpoints doesn’t begin at the checkpoint for Palestinians with West Bank IDs. It’s a process starting with applying to the Israeli District Coordination Offices and picking up a permit.

I remember going to Beit El DCO to pick up mine. It was winter, cold, and I was there alone. It’s a process I’ve done many times because I work in Jerusalem.

Each time I go, I walk into a room. It’s empty, but there are cameras, and guards speak to you through speakers.

One time, after I put down all my things on the belt and approached the metal detector, a voice started screaming at me from the speakers.

“You have metal on you!” the voice kept shouting.

I was alone. Afraid.

“You have metal on you!”

I kept wondering why they had to keep screaming. I kept saying, “I have no metal.”

It’s strange — you feel like you’re speaking to yourself, trying to convince some disembodied voice you have no metal on you.

Suddenly, a door opened and a man walked in. He had a gun. It was pointed at me.

“You have metal on you!” he screamed.

I was confused, and all I could think of doing was looking at him to calm him down and reassure him that I had no metal on me. This was at a time when Israeli forces were shooting Palestinians point-blank. Had I not remained calm and spoken in English with him I could have easily been shot, because he was convinced I was a suspect.

I just saw a man with a gun, ready to shoot, and the words kept echoing: “You have metal on you!”

I kept telling myself to remain calm, and also to calm him down. I had to make sure he didn’t pull that trigger.

I made a joke and pointed at my nose piercing and said, “Is this maybe the metal you’re talking about?”

Or maybe it was my bra, I suggested. I asked him if he wanted me to pull up my shirt to prove there was nothing there.

He stopped screaming for a second and looked at me. “You women are always trouble,” he said. He returned his gun to its holster and went back to his office.

This is where the journey of checkpoints begins for many of us.

The actual passing through Israeli checkpoints is a whole other world. Because I work in Jerusalem, I have to travel through Qalandiya every day. It’s the worst part of my day.

The walking checkpoint includes Palestinians from all margins of society, and I see it bringing out the worst in all of us. The heat hits you. The cold hits you. There is filth everywhere. The whole area is just a blob of gray. It’s completely polluted. We’re crowded in these small places, with these metal gates that are usually present in farms for livestock. You begin to feel like an animal in a cage. Going through this process every day is exhausting, and you don’t always succeed in blocking this experience. Sometimes they just stick with you.

I remember an older man who clearly just got out of surgery at the checkpoint. The soldier did not let him through, and it’s clear that the man needed medical attention. He was old and exhausted. I looked at him and at the young soldier who was refusing his entry. I couldn’t help but break down at that moment. It was so painful. I just kept imagining my own father having to be in that position.

It’s like a lost humanity. All that was left to do at that moment was cry.

Nora Lester Murad, 53 years old, Ben Gurion Airport

I step up to a podium in the departures terminal behind which stands a security official. I hand him my passport. Smiling, he opens it, looks up at me, and asks: “Why is your name Murad?”

It’s a question I expect whenever I pass through security upon my departure from Ben Gurion Airport. It’s the same profiling and harassment that is routine at checkpoints across the West Bank.

It may seem counterintuitive, but I have more difficulty leaving Israel than I have entering. I think the people who are harassed, delayed or denied entry when they come in are those who are easy to target because they need a tourist visa. I, too, have a visa that is issued at Israel’s discretion, but since I am the spouse of a citizen, Israel needs a pretty good reason to deny me entry. Notably, I get a high level of security scrutiny only when I travel alone.

Why is my name Murad?

I have no way to answer except by telling the truth: It is my husband’s name. I added it to my maiden name several years after we were married so that I’d share the same family name as my children.

But I don’t go into that detail. I just confess that I am married to a man with the family name of Murad.

“Where is he from?”

“From here,” I answer.

“From where exactly?”

At this point, they are already glancing behind them to get the attention of the supervisor. My husband is from a Palestinian village in the Galilee. The villagers are all citizens of Israel, but there are no Jews there. By telling them the name of my husband’s village, I am now labeled a security risk.

There was a time when travelers with the highest security risk got a red sticker on their passport and on each potentially explosive piece of baggage, but now they use stickers with numbers. As a six, I used to get full VIP treatment, including a strip search, a special check-in line and a personal escort through security. These days I don’t get the strip search and I have to walk myself through security. But I still get the defining question: “Why is your name Murad?” and all the racist questioning that follows.

When I travel with my husband, we are treated much better. We get searched like everyone else and they don’t harass us with ridiculous questions. They are not even discourteous. The difference in how I am treated when I travel alone compared to how I am treated when I travel with my husband has been consistent over many years, even decades.

I believe that Israeli security forces have a fantasy that my husband (because he is Arab) will try to blow up the plane and that I (because I am a foreign woman) could be easily tricked into carrying the bomb without my knowledge. This profiling doesn’t consider the fact that I’ve been married for nearly 30 years, that we have 3 children together, that we both have doctoral degrees, that I travel alone in and out of Ben Gurion Airport several times a year, nor the fact that we are both widely known as nonviolent and peace-loving people.

Profiling dehumanizes me. And the problem with dehumanization is that it’s impossible to make peace with someone that you have dehumanized.

Name: Sireen Amra, 15 years old Qalandiya Checkpoint:

“This isn’t right,” my mother explained to the Israeli soldier, who said that I could pass only with a permit.

I focused my eyes onto the cracked concrete beneath my feet to avoid looking up at either of them. It was beginning to feel odd to me that just that morning I was so keen on visiting Jerusalem that I practically begged my entire family just so we could have a nice day. This proved to be harder than I thought it would be.

“This isn’t right,” she said. She pointed at the birthday on my passport to indicate that I was only 8 years old.

Still, Israeli dominance has always been much older than I, so it had seniority in situations like these. Again, I was denied. My shaky hands impulsively fidgeted with the ends of my dress, which I bought especially for that Eid holiday.

“But, this isn’t right.”

My mother searched for better words, ones that would magically fix what seemed to be an interminable struggle, but she could not find them. Perhaps it’s because there weren’t any.

I stared back at my sisters for reassurance and was instead met by the sight of dozens of Palestinians cramped by what now seemed to be much more than mere metal detectors. They were piled on top of one another in the confines of steel bars, and for the first time, it felt like a zoo.

Watching from afar were soldiers who held tightly onto their guns as if they thought one of the animals might strike. It didn’t seem like they would, though; their faces looked too empty and exhausted to fight.

People were staring at my mother and me with pity, except there was something in their eyes that told me this was not an unfamiliar scene. My 8-year-old mind could not focus on my mother’s argument with the Israeli soldier who sat leisurely behind the glass window; I was far too busy trying to piece together the arbitrary, incomprehensible force that echoed in the cries of the 3- or 4-year-old before me who also was not accepted to pass through the Qalandiya checkpoint.

With my knees almost impulsively bent and my back hunched, I hoped that I would appear as less of a threat. Unsurprisingly, this method didn’t work. The checkpoint went quiet for my mother, as if their silence would make her words louder. They thought that maybe, just maybe, if none of them said anything, the soldiers would have no choice but to listen.

I tugged on my mother’s sleeves to grab her attention, but every brief eye contact we shared only seemed to fill her words with even more urgency.

News headlines about Palestinians who were shot dead for fighting against the same unexplainable force my mother was facing now flashed through my memory. They were no longer just stories, because in that moment I could see it. All that I had heard about the Palestinian-Israeli struggle throughout my childhood was becoming a reality, but it felt like it arrived too early. The hot summer sun was urging me to break the glass window that separated the Israeli soldier’s world from mine. It said to run outside the checkpoint, where it was much less dark and cold. Maybe, if I was a few minutes younger, I would have.

It was about three years before I returned to the Qalandiya checkpoint. A few of my younger cousins wanted very desperately to see the Dome of the Rock in person and witness a world beyond the West Bank, just as I once did.

I didn’t mention to them what had happened the last time, only because I feared that my worries would weigh down their excitement. There isn’t much I remember from that particular day, except that there seemed to be an odd consciousness following me around. It constantly reminded me that my cousins seemed to be looking at an entirely different planet through entirely different lenses. Theirs were so colorful and vivid, but mine were still blurry from that Eid morning a few years ago.

When returning home, I was certain that it would be the last time I would ever have to pass through the Qalandiya checkpoint. It seemed useless to return when all it did was make me uncomfortably aware of how much had changed in just one day.

However, now that I no longer live in Palestine, I would give anything to see Jerusalem again, even if it means means getting the same fast heartbeat when walking up to the same glass window.

Umm Mohammed, 51 years old, Container Checkpoint – Bethlehem

I was on my way to Bethlehem from Ramallah with my son. We were driving, and when we reached the checkpoint a soldier waved us to stop. I stopped the car, prepared my ID and waited for the soldier to approach. My son, who was only 13, was in the passenger seat next to me.

When the soldier came he asked for my son’s ID. I explained that I am his mother and he still hasn’t been issued an identification card yet.

My son, who had been accustomed to hearing stories about his friends being strip-searched and detained at the checkpoint, was clearly afraid. His palms were between his legs, and his head low.

It seemed that was enough to make his a suspect.

“Out of the car,” the soldier said as he pointed at my son.

I looked at the soldier, young enough to be a son of mine, holding his gun tightly. I looked at my own son, wearing a navy T-shirt and afraid. I begged the soldier: “He’s only 13, what do you want from him?”

He ignored my plea and said again, “Out of the car.”

My son looked at me. As a mother, I felt so helpless. I didn’t know what to do. So I just said, “It’s okay love, they’re cowards, they just want to check.”

My son was taken out of the car and led to the booth near the checkpoint. They didn’t speak to him, they just made him stand under the sun. After some minutes, I decided to intervene.

“I want to speak to my son,” I said. “You’re just leaving him under the heat and he’s only 13.”

A soldier commanded me to shut up in Hebrew. I tried again, thinking that perhaps if I pester enough, they’ll let us through.

It worked; after several pleas and half an hour later, my son was returned to the car and we were waved past.

I didn’t know what to say. I didn’t know what to do for my son. I am his mother, I am supposed to protect him from men with guns. We were both silent the entire ride back. I looked at him, and I was grateful that he was returned to me. Some mothers were not as fortunate.

Yara Dowani, 25 years old, Qalandiya Checkpoint

I often drive through the Qalandiya and Hizma checkpoints. At Hizma, I am hardly ever asked to stop at the checkpoint. This is because it’s the one used by settlers, who have an arrogance because they don’t need to stop; if you carry yourself with the same arrogance, the soldiers won’t stop you, because they hardly check Israelis.

Qalandiya is another story. I was once returning to Jerusalem with some friends. We’d been having fun at a party in Ramallah and were in a good mood, blasting our music and driving. When we reached the checkpoint we didn’t consider that music would be a problem. We expected the routine check of our identification cards and then we’d pass through.

We thought wrong.

The soldier commanded us to stop our music, and when we refused they forced us to stop the car. A female soldier then came to yell at us from another lane. My friend responded to her, saying she should stay in her own lane.

The commander came and spoke fluently in Arabic. At that moment we felt fear.

“This is a military zone,” he said. “When you pass you have no music and you follow directions.”

I explained that there is no sign that says music is not allowed. At that point my friend interrupted with lines about human rights and international law. He completely ignored her. I tried to explain to her how that doesn’t work here. They don’t care about these laws. We finally tried to explain how we’re just trying to enjoy the holidays.

After a while of him trying to frighten us, to enforce his power and dominance, we passed through. What could’ve taken one minute of looking at our IDs took 20.

Music is enough to provoke them. The checkpoint is a dead zone.

The racist worldview of Arthur Balfour

The racist worldview of Arthur Balfour

The Balfour Declaration led to the expulsion of Palestinians. Wikimedia Commons

 

Arthur James Balfour will, no doubt, be praised effusively by supporters of Israel in the coming weeks for a brief document he signed 100 years ago.

As Britain’s foreign secretary in November 1917, Balfour declared his backing to the Zionist colonization project. Through his declaration, Britain became the imperial sponsor of a Jewish state – euphemistically called a “Jewish national home” – that would be established in Palestine by expelling its indigenous people en masse.

An assurance in that document about protecting Palestinian rights proved worthless. Balfour himself was quite happy to negate that assurance.

In 1919, he argued that Zionist aspirations were “of far profounder import than the desires and prejudices of the 700,000 Arabs who now inhabit that ancient land.”

Rather than being marked “with pride,” as Theresa May, the current British prime minister, has promised, the centenary of the Balfour Declaration ought to be a time for sober reflection. One useful exercise would be to examine Balfour’s wider record of violence and racism.

From 1887 to 1891, Balfour headed Britain’s administration in Ireland. On his appointment to that post, Balfour proposed to combine repression and reform.

The repression he advocated should be as “stern” – in his words – as that of Oliver Cromwell, the English leader who invaded Ireland in 1649. Cromwell’s troops are reviled in Ireland for the massacres they carried out in the towns of Wexford and Drogheda.

Siding with the gentry against what he called the “excitable peasantry,” Balfour prioritized repression over reform. When a rent strike was called in 1887, Balfour authorized the use of heavy-handed tactics against alleged agitators.

Three people died after police fired on a political protest in Mitchelstown, County Cork. The incident earned him the nickname of “Bloody Balfour.”

Blessings of civilization?

Balfour penalized dissent. Thousands were jailed under the Irish Crimes Act that he introduced.

John Mandeville, a nationalist campaigner, was one of the first to be imprisoned during Balfour’s stint in Ireland. Mandeville died soon after his release and a coroner’s inquest attributed his death to ill-treatment suffered while in detention.

Balfour tried to smear Mandeville by claiming he had taken part in a “drunken row” before suddenly falling ill. Mandeville, according to some accounts, was actually a teetotaler.

Balfour was a British and a white supremacist. “All the law and all the civilization in Ireland is the work of England,” he once said.

He used similar terms while defending the subjugation of other peoples. In 1893, he spoke in the British parliament of how Cecil Rhodes, an imperial marauder in Southern Africa, was “extending the blessings of civilization.”

While serving as prime minister from 1902 to 1905, Balfour insisted that Europeans must enjoy greater privileges than Black natives in South Africa. “Men are not born equal,” he said in 1904.

Two years later – then in opposition – he said that Black people were “less intellectually and morally capable” than whites.

Callous

There are strong reasons to suspect that Balfour was also anti-Semitic. In 1905, he pushed legislation aimed at preventing Jews fleeing persecution in Russia from entering Britain on the grounds they were “undesirable.”

One reason why Balfour may have been in favor of establishing a Jewish state in Palestine was that he disliked having Jews as neighbors. He once described Zionism as a “serious effort to mitigate the age-old miseries created for western civilization by the presence in its midst of a body which is too long regarded as alien and even hostile, but which it was equally unable to expel or absorb.”

Balfour was often callous. He tried to justify the use of Chinese slave labor in South Africa’s gold mines and atrocities committed by British forces in the Sudan. He opposed giving aid to people at risk of famine in India.

Despite his apparent commitment to law and order, Balfour encouraged illegal behavior when it suited him. He was a staunch supporter of militant loyalists who insisted that Ireland’s north-eastern counties should not become independent from Britain.

When the Ulster Volunteer Force managed to smuggle 30,000 rifles from Germany into the north of Ireland, Balfour effectively approved the 1914 gun-running operation by telling the British parliament: “I hold now, and I held 30 years ago that if home rule was forced upon Ulster, Ulster would fight and Ulster would be right.”

It was extraordinary that a former prime minister should voice approval for subversion. Yet that stance did no harm to Balfour’s political career.

Within a few years, he was back in government as foreign secretary – it was in that role that he issued his declaration on Palestine.

The effects of that declaration were swift and far-reaching. Through pressure exerted by Chaim Weizmann (later Israel’s first president) and other senior figures in the Zionist movement, it was enshrined in the League of Nations mandate through which Britain ruled Palestine between the two world wars.

Herbert Samuel, himself a staunch Zionist, introduced a system of racial and religious discrimination when he served as Britain’s first high commissioner for Palestine from 1920 to 1925. Those measures facilitated and financed the acquisition by European settlers of land on which Palestinians had lived and farmed for many generations. Mass evictions ensued: more than 8,700 Palestinians were expelled from villages in Marj Ibn Amer, an area in the Galilee, as they were bought up by Zionist colonizers during the 1920s.

Balfour was unperturbed by the upheaval that he set in motion. Worse, he denied that any problem existed.

In 1927, he wrote “nothing has occurred” that would cause him to question the “wisdom” of the declaration he signed a decade earlier.

The remark says much about Balfour’s hubris. He was prepared to trample on an entire people and to dismiss their grievances as irrelevant.

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