israel’s war on Palestine’s food supplies: 5 Fishermen abducted, steals tractors

Israeli Navy Abducts Five Fishermen In Gaza Waters

IMEMC News – January 16, 2017

In two separate incidents on Monday, Israeli navy ships attacked several Palestinian fishing boats in Gaza territorial waters, in Beit Lahia, in the northern part of the Gaza Strip, and abducted five fishermen.

The first attack was carried out, earlier Monday, leading to property damage, and the abduction of two fishers.

Later, the navy attacked fishing boats before abducting the three fishers, and took them to an unknown destination.

Israeli Forces Seize Tractors in Jordan Valley

IMEMC News & Agencies – January 16, 2017

 

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Israeli forces stormed the village of Khirbet Abziq, east of Tubas in the northern Jordan Valley, on Monday morning and seized two agricultural tractors while abusing Palestinian citizens.

Witnesses said, according to Al Ray, that Israeli soldiers broke into AL-Madareb, in Khirbet Abziq, and seized two agricultural tractors belonging to Fayez Nghneghya and Nemr Horoub, and took them to a nearby military camp.

They pointed out that seizures have happened repeatedly, in an attempt to harass citizens and force them to leave Khirbet Abziq.

More than two dozen tractors have been confiscated in different areas of the Jordan Valley in recent months.

It is noteworthy that dozens of citizens living in Khirbet Abziq, mostly refugees from the pre-1948 occupied territories, are being deprived of many basic essential services under Israeli policies. The tractors are used for agriculture and water transference

Weekly report on israel’s terrorism against the State of Palestine

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

Israeli forces continue systematic crimes in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) 

(05 – 11 January 2016)

Tubas: In an extra-judicial execution crime, on 10 January 2017, Israeli forces killed Mohammed Salhi (30) in al-Far'ah refugee camp.
Tubas: In an extra-judicial execution crime, on 10 January 2017, Israeli forces killed Mohammed Salhi (30) in al-Far’ah refugee camp.

 

 

  • Israeli forces killed a Palestinian civilian at point-blank range in al-Far’ah refugee camp, in front of his mother.
  • A Palestinian civilian was killed after running over Israeli soldiers in occupied Jerusalem
  • A Palestinian photojournalist was wounded, and then he and a reporter were beaten by Israeli soldiers.
  • Israeli forces continued to target the Gaza Strip border areas, but no casualties were reported.
  • Israeli forces conducted 54 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank.
  • 58 civilians, including 9 children and 3 women, were arrested.
  • 18 of them, including 6 children and the 3 women, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem.
  • Israeli forces continued their efforts to create Jewish majority in occupied East Jerusalem.
  • A decision to suspend the residency of 12 members of al-Qunbar family in al-Mukaber Mount.
  • Settlers seized a building in al-Rababah Valley neighbourhood in Silwan
  • Lands of East Sawahrah were levelled, claiming they are State lands.
  • Settlement activities continued in the West Bank.
  • Agricultural roads and a waterline were levelled in al-Ras al-Ahmar area in the Northern Valley.
  • A 1700-meter agricultural road was levelled in Masafer Yata
  • Israeli forces turned the West Bank into cantons and continued to impose the illegal closure on the Gaza Strip for the 9th
  • Dozens of temporary checkpoints were established in the West Bank and others were re-established to obstruct the movement of Palestinian civilians.
  • 4 Palestinian civilians, including a child, were arrested at military checkpoints.

 

 

Summary

Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period (05 – 11 January 2017).

 

Shooting:

During the reporting period, Israeli forces killed two Palestinian civilians.  The first one was killed after carrying out a run-over attack, targeting a number of Israeli soldiers in East Jerusalem.  The second one was killed in a new cold-blooded crime in al-Far’ah refugee camp, south of Tubas.  Israeli forces also wounded a Palestinian photojournalist and then beat him and another reporter.  In the Gaza Strip, Israeli forces opened fire at Palestinian farmers in the border areas.

 

In the West Bank, On 98 January 2017, Israeli forces killed Fadi al-Qunbar (28) from al-Mukaber Mount village, southeast of occupied Jerusalem, when he drove his truck into a group of Israeli soldiers, who were in the bus station near “Armon Hanatziv” settlement established on the lands of the aforementioned village.  As a result, 3 Israeli soldiers and an officer were killed.

 

In a new crime of extra-judicial execution, on 10 January 2017, Israeli forces shot dead in cold blood Mohammed al-Salhi (30) in al-Far’ah refugee camp, south of Tubas, with five bullets from a gun with a silencer.  As a result, he was killed in front of his elderly mother.

In the same context, Israeli forces wounded the photojournalist of “TransMedia” Agency, al-Muthana al-Deek, with a gas canister to his right leg while he was covering a protest organized by dozens Palestinian civilians and activists in the Northern Valley against settlement activities. After he was wounded, the Israeli soldiers beat him and the “Palestine Today” Reporter, Amoun al-Sheikh.

 

In the Gaza Strip, in the context of targeting the border areas, on 10 January 2017, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel opened fire at the agricultural fields, east of al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip, to the west of the abovementioned border.  However, no casualties were reported.

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 54 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank. During these incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 58 Palestinian civilians, including 9 children and 3 women. 18 of them, including 6 children and 3 women, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem.

 

Efforts to create Jewish majority

 

On 08 January 2017 following a run-over attack carried out by Fadi al-Qunbar (28), from al-Mukaber Mount village,  near Armon Hanatzie settlement, Israeli forces started  a series of collective punishments against the family and relatives of the aforementioned.  Israeli forces raided their houses and arrested a number of his relatives.  They also removed a mourning tent established for Fadi and threatened to demolish his family house after taking its measurements.

 

As part of the estate seizure policy, on 08 January 2017, settlers seized a residential building in al-Rababah Valley neighbourhood in Silwan village, south of the Old City in occupied Jerusalem.  The 2-storey building, which belongs to ‘Ali Mohammed Ahmed Sarhan, was built on an area of 140 square meters.  The neighbours said that settlers belong to “al-‘Aad” settlement association that is active in Silwan to seize more buildings there.

 

Settlement activities:

 

On 10 January 2017, Israeli forces levelled a 1300-meter waterline leading to the civilians’ houses between ‘Atouf area and Ras al-Ahmar.  The waterline feeds residential compunds in the Northern Valley area, which is ‘Atouf and al-Ras al-Ahmar.  The agricultural land leading to Kherbet al-Hadidyah was levelled by the Israeli bulldozers.

 

In the same context, on 08 January 2017 following the run-over attack in occupied Jerusalem, dozens of Israeli settlers gathered at the intersection of “Yitsihar” settlement branching from Ramallah-Nablus Street, south of Nablus.  The settlers closed the Street and threw stones at the Palestinian civilian cars.  As a result, the cars’ windows were broken and its structures were damaged.

 

On 11 January 2017, Israeli forces levelled an agricultural land between al-Bweib area in Masafer Yatta and Bani Na’im village, east of Hebron.  Israeli forces claimed that the Israeli carried out the demolition without having an approval from the Israeli competent authorities.

 

Restrictions on movement:

 

Israel continued to impose a tight closure of the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

The illegal closure of the Gaza Strip, which has been steadily tightened since June 2007 has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.  The Israeli authorities impose measures to undermine the freedom of trade, including the basic needs for the Gaza Strip population and the agricultural and industrial products to be exported. For 9 consecutive years, Israel has tightened the land and naval closure to isolate the Gaza Strip from the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, and other countries around the world. This resulted in grave violations of the economic, social and cultural rights and a deterioration of living conditions for 2 million people.  The Israeli authorities have established Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) as the sole crossing for imports and exports in order to exercise its control over the Gaza Strip’s economy.  They also aim at imposing a complete ban on the Gaza Strip’s exports. The Israeli closure raised the rate of poverty to 65%. Moreover, the rate of unemployment increased up to 47% and youth constitutes 65% of the unemployed persons.  Moreover, 80% of the Gaza Strip population depends on international aid to secure their minimum daily needs. These rates indicate the unprecedented economic deterioration in the Gaza Strip.

 

In the West Bank, Israeli forces continued to suffocate the Palestinian cities and village by imposing military checkpoints around and/or between them. This created “cantons” isolated from each other that hinders the movement of civilians. Moreover, the Palestinian civilians suffering aggravated because of the annexation wall and checkpoints erected on daily basis to catch Palestinians.

 

Details

 

  1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas, and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 05 January 2017

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Nahed Naseem al-‘Anati (22) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Tubas village. They raided and searched several houses after which they arrested 3 civilians and took them to an unknown destination. The arrested civilians were identified as Mos’ab Jaser Siyaj Daraghmah (28), an officer in the Palestinian National Security Service, Rami Ayman Husni Sharidah (27), an Education student in al-Quds Open University, and Bilal Mahyoub ‘Arif Sawaftah (18).

 

  • At approximately 14:00, Israeli infantry units moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron, patrolling from “Karmi Tsur” settlement, south of the village, and stationed between houses. A number of young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers, who immediately fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them in response. As a result, a number of civilians suffered tear gas inhalation due to a sound bomb that fell between their houses. Later, Israeli forces withdrew from the village, but neither raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: al-Thaheriyah, Sa’ir, Beit Awa villages and al-‘Aroub refugee camp in Hebron.

 

Friday, 06 January 2017

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli infantry units moved into al-Shyoukh village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Sameer Sami Mohammed al-Halaiqah (23) and then handed him as a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service Shabak” in “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of Bethlehem.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (5) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Beit Ummer, and Nuba villages in Hebron; al-Zawiyah village, west of Salfit; Birzeit village, north of Ramallah, and Jericho.

 

Saturday, 07 January 2017

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Bani Na’im village, east of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Amin ‘Ali Mousa Manasrah (49) and then arrested him. Other Israeli forces raided a house belonging to Amin’s brother Yahyah (45), but no arrests were reported.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Kafel Hares village, north of Salfit; al-Thaheriyah and al-Samou’i villages in Hebron.

 

Sunday, 08 January 2017

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron, and stationed in al-Bayada neighborhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Khadoun Abdul Qader Mohammed Ekhlaeil (30) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 13:10, Israeli forces moved into the area between Beit Furik and Beit Dajan villages, east of Nablus. A number of young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers, who immediately fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them in response. The soldiers then chased the stone-throwers into olive fields and arrested Ayham Zahi Khatatbah (15) from Beit Furik village.

 

  • At approximately 23:30, Israeli forces moved into Kafer Ne’ma village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ibrahim Mazen Abu ‘Adi (18) and then arrested him.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (5) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported:  Halhoul  and al-Thaheriyah village in Hebron; and Hawarah village, south of Nablus; Kafel Hares village, north of Salfit and Bruqin village, west of the city.

 

Monday, 09 January 2017

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Badras village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mos’ab Sami Mustafa ‘Awad (23) and Ahmed Yusuf Mustafa ‘Awad (20) and then arrested them. Israeli forces also confiscated money and cell phones from both houses.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Rahmah Mount area in the southern neighbourhoods in Hebron. They raided and searched a metal workshop belonging to Khalil Hashem al-Natshah and then withdrew.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Ahmed Abdul Rahman Abu Sal (23) and Mohanned Jaber Abu Sal (22) and then arrested them.

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested ‘Allam Ziyad ‘Abahrah (43) and Mohammed Ahmed Abu Tame’i (46); both are teachers. At approximately 05:30, Israeli forces withdrew taking them to an unknown destination.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Jafatalak village, north of Jericho. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mousa Sa’id Mawahrah (39) and Salah Ededn Omer D’aibes (17) and then arrested them.

 

  • At approximately 23:45, Israeli forces moved into Kafer Qadoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah. They raided and searched several houses and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, Shafiqah Ahmed Abdul Qader Jom’aah (80) suffered tear gas inhalation after which she was admitted to Darwish Nazzal Public Hospital in Qalqiliyah to receive medical treatment. At approximately 02:00 on Thursday, 10 January 2017, Israeli forces withdrew from the village, but no arrests were reported.

 

  • Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (8) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Burin village, south of Nablus; Qalqiliayah and Hablah village, south of the city; Yatta; Halahoul, al-Sahyoukh, Beit Awa and Kharsa villages in Hebron.

 

Tuesday, 10 January 2017

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Sa’ir village, east of Hebron. They raided and searched 3 houses after which they arrested 3 civilians namely Ya’qoub Mousa Jaradat (25), Yusuf Abdul Razeq Jaradat (22) and Fai Eshaq Jaradat (26).

 

  • In an extra-judicial execution crime, on Tuesday dawn, 10 January 2017, Israeli forces shot dead in cold blood a Palestinian civilian in al-Far’ah refugee camp, south of Tubas, as they fired 5 bullets to the left side of his body and he died in front of his mother.

According to PCHR’s investigations and the mother’s testimony, Fawziyah Mahmoud Khamis Salhi (67) said to PCHR’s fieldworker that at approximately 02:00 on the abovementioned day, Israeli forces moved into al-Far’ah refugee camp, south of Tubas.  They surrounded the family house of Mohammed Subhi Ahmed Khamis Salhi (33) near a UNRWA School for Girls and the camp sports club, seemingly in order to arrest him.  A number of Israeli soldiers jumped from the outer wall of the 1-storey house. Mohammed and his mother then heard noise in the corridor and went out of their bedroom.  When his mother saw the soldiers, she stood between them and her son.  An Israeli soldier then ordered her to sit on a plastic chair there, but when she refused, the soldier forcefully seated her. She then twice stood between the soldiers and her son.  However in the third time she stood, the soldier forcefully pushed her and seated her on the chair.  The soldier then pulled out a gun with a silencer and directly fired 5 bullets at Mohammed at point-blank range.  As a result, the bullets penetrated his neck, chest, hand, armpit, pelvis and thigh from the left side of his body and killed him in front of his elderly mother.  The mother said that she did not hear any sound of shooting, but saw sparkles coming from the gun.  After that, her son swayed and fell on the ground.  His body was put on a litter and then taken by an ambulance belonging to the Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS) to Tubas Turkish Governmental Hospital in Tubas, where medical sources announced him dead. It should be mentioned that the Mohammed previously served a 3-year sentence in the Israeli prisons. He is also the only son of his parents and has a married sister in ‘Asker refugee camp and their father died few months ago. In the same context, Israeli forces arrested 4 civilians from al- Far’ah camp after raiding their houses. The arrested civilians were identified as Mohammed Saleh Farid Jabarin (26), Fadi Omer Nassar Nabhan (25) Mahmud Nathmi Mahmud Abu al-Hassan (27) and Rabi’ Jamal Mubarak (23).

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Suleiman ‘Ali Mohammed Abu ‘Ayash (50). The soldiers confiscated jewelry from the house and handed the family a list of the confiscated items. They later withdrew, but no arrests were reported. Following that, Israeli forces raided and searched a house belonging to Mahmud Mohammed Darwish ‘Aadi (44). They then withdrew, but no arrests were reported. In the same time, another Israeli force moved into Qaa’a al-Harah area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ahmed Khalil Abu Hashem (48) after breaking the main door. They locked the family members in a room as they stayed in the house for an hour and a half. The soldiers also arrested Ahmed’s sons Qusai (16) and Yusuf (24) and confiscated a cell phone and around NIS 2600. The family said they were saving the money to pay a financial penalty for their detained son Hamzah. In the morning, Israeli forces released Yusuf at “Etzion military camp, south of Bethlehem.

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved in to Jabaa’ village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses. At approximately 06:30, they arrested 10 civilians; most of them were teachers. Israeli forces questioned a number of the arrested civilians and then released them at approximately 10:00, while the others were taken to Salem Military camp, west of Jenin, and were released at approximately 13:00 on the same day.

 

  • At approximately 22:30, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of al- Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian agricultural fields, west of the abovementioned border fence, but no arrests were reported.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Qaryout village, southeast of Nablus; Sa’ir and al-Thaheriyah villages in Hebron.

 

Wednesday, 11 January 2017

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into ‘Asker al-Balad, east of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Talal Othman Jaber Duwaikat (53), former mayor of Jenin and his brother’s house. They arrested Talal and took him to an unknown destination.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Balata refugee camp and al-Dahiyah al-Tahtah adjacent to the camp, east of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested Murad Hmaidan Abu Shushah (21) and Ahmed Khalil al-Qaisi (20).

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Sa’id Mohammed Herzaallah (22). At approximately 04:00, they withdrew taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in al-Tanak neighborhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Hamzah Khaled Abu ‘Arqub (19) and then arrested him. Israeli forces moved then into Sawad Valley. They raided and searched a house belonging to Shawkat ‘Ali al-‘Amairah (36), but no arrests were reported.

 

  • Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: ‘Ourta and Rujib villages, south of Nablus; Sa’ir and Ethna villages in Hebron.

 

  • Use of excessive force against peaceful demonstrations protesting settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall

 

West Bank:

 

  • At approximately 11:00 on Thursday, 15 January 2017, dozens of Palestinian civilians and activists organized a demonstration in al-Hemmah area in the Northern Valley, east of Tubas. The protestors attempted to remove a tent established by a settler in the area, but existence of Israeli soldiers and settlers in the area prevented them from doing so. Following this, the protestors moved to Qozh” settlement outpost located between “Salit” and Makhula” settlements and is one kilometer away from “Qozh” The participants headed traveling their cars along with the press crews, who came to cover the demonstration, towards Street (90) to approach the abovementioned settlement outpost. Israeli forces, who were about 400 meters away from them, closed the street by their jeeps while other soldiers banned the participants from moving forward. When the participants stepped out of their cars, the Israeli soldiers immediately fired sound bombs at them. In the meantime, Amoun al-Sheikh, a report at Palestine Today Channel, al-Muthana Samir Abdullah al-Deek, a photojournalist at TransMedia Company, were standing about 3 meters away from the soldiers and participants as they were covering the events. When a soldier saw them, he threw a tear gas canister at them that hit al-Deek’s right hand. As a result, both of them sustained tear gas inhalation. A soldier, who was holding a baton, rushed towards them and hit al-Sheikh at her abdomen and pushed her.  He then hit al-Deek several times on his abdomen, so the camera fell off al-Deek’s hands to the ground. When he attempted to carry the camera, the soldier continued beating him on his abdomen and pushing him. The soldier then pushed both journalists into their car and closed its door. Al-Deek arrived by his car at a place where Palestinian ambulances parked. He was taken to Tubas Turkish Hospital where he underwent medical tests. Al-Deek was then transferred to Arab Specialist Hospital in Nablus.

 

  • Following the Friday prayer, on 06 January 2017, dozens of Palestinian civilians and Israeli and international human rights defenders organized demonstrations in Bil’in and Ni’lin villages, west of Ramallah, and al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of the city, and Kafer Qadoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah, protesting against the annexation wall and settlement activities. Israeli forces forcibly dispersed the protests, firing live and metal bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs. They also chased the protesters into olive fields and between houses.  As a result, many of the protesters suffered tear gas inhalation while others sustained bruises as Israeli soldiers beat them up.

 

  1. Continued closure of the oPt

 

Israel continued to impose a tight closure on the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israeli forces continuously tighten the closure of the Gaza Strip and close all commercial crossings, making the Karm Abu Salem crossing the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip, although it is not suitable for commercial purposes in terms of its operational capacity and distance from markets.

Israeli forces have continued to apply the policy, which is aimed to tighten the closure on all commercial crossings, by imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.

 

Israeli forces have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities. The limited quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population of the Gaza Strip.

 

Israeli forces also continued to impose an almost total ban on the Gaza Strip exports, including agricultural and industrial products, except for light-weighted products such as flowers, strawberries, and spices. However, they lately allowed the exportation of some vegetables such as cucumber and tomatoes, furniture and fish.

 

Israel has continued to close the Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the majority of Palestinian citizens from the Gaza Strip. Israel only allows the movement of a limited number of groups, with many hours of waiting in the majority of cases. Israel has continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via the Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel also continued applying the policy of making certain civilian traveling via the crossing interviewed by the Israeli intelligence service to be questioned, blackmailed or arrested

Weekly report on israel’s terrorism against the State of Palestine

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (08 – 14 December 2016)

Israeli forces continue systematic crimes in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) 

(08 – 14 December 2016)

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  • Israeli forces continued to use excessive force in the oPt
  • A Palestinian boy was killed at Za’tara checkpoint, south of Nablus, and another civilian was killed in occupied Jerusalem.
  • An activist was wounded in al-Eisawiya village, north of Jerusalem.
  • Israeli forces conducted 56 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 10 ones in occupied Jerusalem.
  • 76 civilians, including 13 children and a journalist, were arrested.
  • Twenty-three of them, including 11 children and the journalist, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem.
  • Birzait University was raided and belongings of student unions were confiscated.
  • Israeli forces continued to target Palestinian fishermen in the Gaza Strip Sea.
  • Israeli forces continued their efforts to create Jewish majority in occupied East Jerusalem.
  • 2 families were obliged to self-demolish parts of a 3-storey building in Silwan village, south of the city.
  • A residential barrack, a storage barrack and a commercial facility were demolished in Sour Baher under the pretext they were close to the annexation wall.
  • 3 NGOs were raided; a musical activity in one of them was banned and PC sets were confiscated from another.
  • Settlement activities continued in the West Bank.
  • Settlers cut off 190 olive trees in Termis’ya village, northeast of Ramallah.
  • Israeli forces turned the West Bank into cantons and continued to impose the illegal closure on the Gaza Strip for the 9th
  • Dozens of temporary checkpoints were established in the West Bank and others were re-established to obstruct the movement of Palestinian civilians.
  • 7 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children, were arrested at military checkpoints.

 

 

Summary

Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period (08 – 14 December 2016).

 

Shooting:

 

Israeli forces have continued to commit crimes, inflicting civilian casualties. They have also continued to use excessive force against Palestinian civilians participating in peaceful protests in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the majority of whom were youngsters. During the reporting period, Israeli forces wounded a Palestinian boy in the northern West Bank and a civilian in Jerusalem’s Old City, while wounded an activist in al-Eisawiya village, northeast of the city.

 

In the West Bank, in excessive use of deadly force, on 08 December 2016, Israeli forces stationed at Za’tara checkpoint, south of Nablus, killed a Palestinian boy from Qalqilya. Israeli forces claimed the boy attempted to stab Israeli soldiers and settlers at the checkpoint, therefore, they opened fire at him. They kept his corpse in custody.

 

In a similar crime, on 14 December 2016, Israeli forces opened fire at a Palestinian young man who was present near the Hospice Hotel in al-Wad neighbourhood in East Jerusalem’s Old City. As a result, he sustained over 10 bullet wounds throughout his body. He was left bleeding for over half an hour, as Israeli forces prevented paramedics and doctors from offering first aid to him. Israeli forces then transported him to Hadassa Hospital as his health condition was critical, but he was pronounced dead on the same day evening. Israeli forces claimed the aforementioned person stabbed an Israeli soldier.

 

On 12 December 2016, an Israeli soldier fired a rubber-coated metal bullet at Mohammed Abu al-Hommos, an activist in al-Eisawiya follow-up committee, northeast of Jerusalem, as he was documenting the Israeli violations during an Israeli incursion in the village. As a result Abu al-Hommos sustained a bullet wound to the left leg and was then transported to a medical centre for medical treatment.

 

In the context of force used against peaceful protests, Israeli forces forcibly dispersed protests organized by dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights activists against the annexation wall and settlement activities in Bil’in and Ni’lin villages, west of Ramallah; al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of the city; Termis’ya village, northeast of the city; and Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqilya. As a result, dozens of protesters suffered tear gas inhalation and other sustained bruises as they were beaten up by Israeli soldiers.

 

In the Gaza Strip, in the context of targeting Palestinian fishermen in the sea, on 11 December 2016, Israeli gunboats stationed off Khan Younis shore in the southern Gaza Strip heavily opened fire around Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area. A similar attacked occurred in the same area on 12 December 2016. The fishermen sailed back fearing for their lives. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 56 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 10 others in occupied Jerusalem and its suburbs. During these incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 76 Palestinian civilians, including 13 children and a journalist. Twenty-three of them, including 11 children and the journalist, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem.

 

During the reporting period, Israeli forces raided Birzait University, north of Ramallah. They raided the student council office and rooms of student unions and confiscated some contents. Moreover, Israeli soldiers raided a number of offices and damaged the doors.

 

Creating Jewish majority in occupied East Jerusalem:

 

In the context of house demolitions, on 08 December 2016, two families were obliged to self-demolish parts of their building in Sweih neighbourhood in Silwan village, south of East Jerusalem’s Old City.

 

On 13 December 2016, Israeli forces demolished a residential barrack, a storage barrack and a commercial facility in sour Baher village, south of occupied Jerusalem, under the pretext they were close to the annexation wall.

 

In the context of targeting NGOs in occupied Jerusalem, on 08 December 2016, Israeli forces raided Elia for Media office in Saladin Street. They searched it and confiscated 3 PC sets and some documents. They then arrested journalist Lama Hani Ghousha (25), questioned her and released her later.

 

On the same day, Israeli forces raided the Palestinian National Theater “al-Hakawati” and banned a musical activity under the pretext it was organized by the Palestinian Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP).

 

on 09 December 2016, Israeli forces raided and searched Mada Center for Creativity in Batn al-Hawa neighbourhood in Silwan village, south of East Jerusalem’s Old City.

 

Settlement activities and settlers’ attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property:

 

On 12 December 2016, Israeli forces confiscated a container used as a restaurant in Koza area at the main entrance to Beita village, south of Nablus. The container belongs to Mahmoud Ouda, whose restaurant was demolished on 03 November 2016. Therefore, he set up the container to make a living.

 

On 13 December 2016, Israeli forces confiscated a caravan used as a mobile clinic in Kherbet al-Markaz, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. This caravan works under the supervision of the Palestinian Ministry of Health and offer services to about 120 civilians in Kherbet al-Markaz and Kherbet Janaba.

 

In the same context, a group of settlers from “Adi Ad” settlement outpost attacked a plot of land and cut off 190 olive trees on 11 December 2016.

 

Restrictions on movement:

 

Israel continued to impose a tight closure of the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

The illegal closure of the Gaza Strip, which has been steadily tightened since June 2007 has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.  The Israeli authorities impose measures to undermine the freedom of trade, including the basic needs for the Gaza Strip population and the agricultural and industrial products to be exported. For 9 consecutive years, Israel has tightened the land and naval closure to isolate the Gaza Strip from the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, and other countries around the world. This resulted in grave violations of the economic, social and cultural rights and a deterioration of living conditions for 2 million people.  The Israeli authorities have established Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) as the sole crossing for imports and exports in order to exercise its control over the Gaza Strip’s economy.  They also aim at imposing a complete ban on the Gaza Strip’s exports. The Israeli closure raised the rate of poverty to 65%. Moreover, the rate of unemployment increased up to 47% and youth constitutes 65% of the unemployed persons.  Moreover, 80% of the Gaza Strip population depends on international aid to secure their minimum daily needs. These rates indicate the unprecedented economic deterioration in the Gaza Strip.

 

In the West Bank, Israeli forces continued to suffocate the Palestinian cities and village by imposing military checkpoints around and/or between them. This created “cantons” isolated from each other that hinders the movement of civilians. Moreover, the Palestinian civilians suffering aggravated because of the annexation wall and checkpoints erected on daily basis to catch Palestinians.

 

 

Details

 

  1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas, and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 08 December 2016

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Balata village, east of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses after which they arrested 3 civilians, including 2 brothers, and took them to Hawarah Detention Center, south of the city. The arrested civilians were identified as Mohammed Azam Hazaa’ (25), his brother Osama (27) and Bassam Awad Abu al-Sharif (29). At approximately 19:00, Israeli forces released Bassam while kept the Hazaa’ brothers in custody.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Dhaheriyah village, south of Hebron, and stationed at Eshbiliya intersection in the centre of the city. Three military jeeps moved into al-Khoukhah and al-Deir areas where dozens of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers. The soldiers deployed between shops and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters in response. Moreover, they arrested Maher Anas Wureidat (22) taking him to the place where the military jeeps were stationed. After that, the Israeli forces raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Hasan al-Tal (31) in Juret al-Duma neighborhood and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service at Mitar crossing, south of the city. They also raided a mobile phones shop after damaging its door with special equipment. At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces withdrew from the village making their way to “Tina” settlement, southeast of the village, and took Maher to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron, and stationed in Beit Za’tah area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Nasri Rashid Sabarnah (58) and then arrested his son Rashid (22). They handed his son Ahmed (20) a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Etzion” settlement complex ,south of Bethlehem.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Yatta, south of Hebron, and stationed in al-Berkah and Ruq’aah areas. They raided and searched 3 houses and then handed summonses to Osama Musalam Shraiteh (33) and Thaer Mohammed al-Nawaj’ah (29) to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Etzion” settlement complex ,south of Bethlehem. They also arrested Ra’fat Musalam Thiab Abu Qabitah (31).

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses. They then arrested 3 civilians and withdrew at approximately 05:00 taking them to an unknown destination. The arrested civilians were identified as Husam Khaled Mahmu Tamam (32), Abdul Fattah Fayez Sharif Qudoumi (32) and Osaid Marwan Abdul Ruhman Qouzeh (22).

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Hebron. They raided and searched 2 houses and then arrested Mohammed Yaser al-Qawasmah (32) and Abdul Ruhman Osama al-Duwaik (26). They withdrew, taking them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested Fathi Mohammed ‘Atoum (30). They withdrew at approximately 04:30, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • In excessive used of lethal force, Israeli forces stationed at Za’tarah checkpoint, south of Nablus, killed a Palestinian civilian from Qalqiliyah. They claimed that they opened fire at him while he was trying to carry out a stabbing attack against the soldiers and settlers, who were present at the checkpoint. According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately 08:50, Israeli forces stationed at Za’tarah checkpoint, south of Nablus, fired several live bullets at Mohammed Jehad Husain Hurb Maskawi (18) from al-Naqqar neighborhood in Qalqiliyah. As a result, Mohammed sustained live bullet wounds to the head and immediately died. Mohammed was standing at the checkpoint. It should be noted that the Israeli forces kept Mohammed’s body in custody.

 

  • At approximately 17:30, a group of Israeli undercover agents dressed like Palestinian civilians in 2 civilian cars with Israeli registration plates sneaked into Birzeit village, north of Ramallah. They stopped at the crossroad of Birzeit University. While Abdul Ruhman Hamdan (22), a student from al-Birah, was leaving the university, the undercover agents arrested him  and took him to an unknown destination.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (5) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Sebastia village, northwest of Nablus; al-‘Aroub refugee camp, Beit Oula; al- Koum and al-Hudab villages in Hebron.

 

Friday, 09 December 2016

 

  • In the early morning, Israeli forces moved into Ras Karkar village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Nour Saleh Noufal (27) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Abdullah al-Bulees (29) and then arrested him.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Surra village, southwest of Nablus; Ethan, Beit Ummer and al-Samou’i  villages in Hebron.

 

Saturday, 10 December 2016

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in Abu Helal area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Moneer Mahmud Abu Sharar (33) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Tabaqah village, south of Dura, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in Kharab al-Rub neighbourhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to ‘Ali Mahmud Abu ‘Atwan (58) and then handed his son Fadi (27) a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of Bethlehem.

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: ‘Iraq Burin village, southwest of Nablus; al-Thaheriyah and Sa’ir villages in Hebron.

 

Sunday, 11 December 2016

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron, and stationed in ‘Ereq al-Tout neighbourhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ahmed Mahmud Ekhmies (60) and handed summonses to his sons Mohammed (33) and Murad (35) to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of Bethlehem.

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Am’ari refugee camp, south of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Suleiman Ibrahim Khalil Shamali and then arrested him.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Jenin and its camp. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested Mos’ab Mahmud Haleijah (22), Ahmed Mousa Haleijah (50) and Fathi Mohammed ‘Atoum (30). They withdrew at approximately 04:30, taking the arrested civilians to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 18:00, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Khan Yunis shore, in the southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee for fear of being arrested or wounded, so neither casualties nor material damage were reported.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Ethna, Tarqumiyah and al-Burj villages in Hebron.

 

Monday, 12 December 2016

 

  • In the early morning, Israeli forces moved into Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mohammed ‘Omer Husain Hamed (19) and Shadi ‘Azzam Abdul Karim Hamed (23) and then arrested both of them.

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed in al-Fuqa neighbourhood. They raided and searched 5 houses from which they arrested 5 civilians and took them to an unknown destination. The arrested civilians were identified as Ayham Naser al-Junaidi (26), Mohammed Abed al-Baset Abu Riyah (28), Bahaa” Maje al-Raa’i (23), Khader Yusuf Lafi (22) and Mohammed Khaled Abu Sal (25).

 

  • At approximately 02:00, large Israeli forces moved into al-Duheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem, from 3 entrances. They stationed in al-Salam an al-Jarashi neighbourhoods. They then raided and searched several houses, including the house of Mo’ath Jadallah al-Zaghari (24) and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of the city.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Hebron and stationed in Nemrah neighbourhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Adam Amjad al-‘Ouweiwi (20) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Qabatiya village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Mo’men Sa’id Kamil (25). At approximately 05:30, they withdrew, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into Tulkarm and Nour Shams refugee camp, east of the city. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested Mohammed Kamel Tawfiq Hakim (18). At approximately 04:30, Israeli forces withdrew, taking the arrested civilian to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 12:00, Israeli forces moved into Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah, for the second time in the same day. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Mohammed Abdul Kareem Mahmud Hammad (16) and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.

 

  • At approximately 18:30, Israeli gunboats stationed off Khan Yunis shore, in the southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats and chased them. As a result, fishermen were forced to flee for fear of being arrested or wounded, so neither casualties nor material damage were reported.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Tarqumiya, Beit Aula, Deir al-‘Asal and Tarama villages in Hebron.

 

Tuesday, 13 December 2016

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Kafer Thuluth village, east of Qalqiliyah. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Khalil Abdul ‘Aziz Khalil Abu Haniyah (30) and Ahmed Zuhair Abu Haniyah (35) and handed them 2 summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service. They later withdrew from the village and no arrests were reported.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Qalqiliyah. They raided and searched a car workshop belonging to Khalil Mohammed Kashmer. They later withdrew from the city and no arrests were reported.

 

  • At approximately 01:10, Israeli forces moved into Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of prisoner Wa’el al-‘Amoudi in al-Sekkah Street, west of the city. They also raided and searched a house belonging to prisoner Ahmed Hani Mohammed Hamdi, who was arrested 34 years ago. They then confiscated gold jewelry belonging to Ahmed’s sister Asmaa’.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Deir Netham village, west of Ramallah;  Sa’ir, al-Tabaqah and Kharsa villages in Hebron.

 

Wednesday, 14 December 2016

 

  • At approximately 00:30, Israeli forces moved into Madama village, south of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested 16 civilians and maltreated them. They forced the arrested civilians to walk in the cold and rainy weather towards Madama Secondary School For Girls in the northern side of the village. They then questioned them inside a classroom. In the morning, Israeli forces released them (PCHR keeps the names of the arrested civilians).

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into ‘Ourif village, south of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Nehad Abdul Hafiz Mohammed Shuhadah (41) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into ‘Asker refugee camp, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Eslam Hasan al-Rufa’i (22)

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces accompanied with 20 military jeeps moved into Birzeit University, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched the head office of the students council and rooms of the student unions in the university. They also confiscated belongings of the Islamic Union affiliated with Hamas movement. Moreover, Israeli forces raided and searched some administrative offices and damaged their doors.

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Dheisheh refugee camp, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Maher ‘Ata ‘Amarnah (27) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Dahiyah neighbourhood, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Nufal Kamal Jaber Abu Kashek (50). They then arrested Nufal and took him to an un unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Hammam Abdul Rahman Ass’ad Reihan (19), an engineering student at Najah National University in Nablus. They then arrested him and took him to an unknown destination.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested 2 children namely Rabi’ ‘Alaa’ Taqatqa (14) and Wesam Jamal Taqatqa (14).

 

 

 

 

  • Use of excessive force against peaceful demonstrations protesting settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall

 

West Bank:

 

  • Following the Friday prayer on Friday, 09 December 2016, dozens of Palestinian civilians and Israeli and international human rights defenders organized demonstrations in Bil’in and Ni’lin villages, west of Ramallah; al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of the city; and Kafer Qadoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah, protesting against the annexation wall and settlement activities. Israeli forces forcibly dispersed the protests, firing live and metal bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs. They also chased the protesters into olive fields and between the houses.  As a result, many of the protesters suffered tear gas inhalation while others sustained bruises as Israeli soldiers beat them up.

 

  • At approximately 12:30, on the same day, dozens of Palestinian civilians organized an activity commemorating the death of the Palestinian Minister Ziad Abu Ain, near Termis’aya village, northeast of Ramallah. Israeli forces forcibly dispersed the protests, firing metal bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs. As a result, many of the protesters suffered tear gas inhalation. It should be noted that Ziad Abu Ain died on 10 December 2014, after the Israeli soldiers attacked and beat him in a demonstration to plant olive trees in Termis’aya village.

 

 

  1. Continued closure of the oPt

 

Israel continued to impose a tight closure on the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israeli forces continuously tighten the closure of the Gaza Strip and close all commercial crossings, making the Karm Abu Salem crossing the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip, although it is not suitable for commercial purposes in terms of its operational capacity and distance from markets.

Israeli forces have continued to apply the policy, which is aimed to tighten the closure on all commercial crossings, by imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.

 

Israeli forces have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities. The limited quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population of the Gaza Strip.

 

Israeli forces also continued to impose an almost total ban on the Gaza Strip exports, including agricultural and industrial products, except for light-weighted products such as flowers, strawberries, and spices. However, they lately allowed the exportation of some vegetables such as cucumber and tomatoes, furniture and fish.

 

Israel has continued to close the Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the majority of Palestinian citizens from the Gaza Strip. Israel only allows the movement of a limited number of groups, with many hours of waiting in the majority of cases. Israel has continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via the Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel also continued applying the policy of making certain civilian traveling via the crossing interviewed by the Israeli intelligence service to be questioned, blackmailed or arrested

No Reconstruction in Gaza–But Be Careful, It Might Become ‘Anti-Semitic’ to Say So

The video above shows us what the people of Gaza are living through currently as the Anti-Semitism Awareness Act of 2016 makes its way through Congress. The bill, which passed the Senate on December 1, would codify into law a definition of anti-Semitism that includes attempts to “demonize” Israel or hold it to a “double standard.” By the way, the “caravans” referred to in the video are portable buildings made of metal–basically what we would refer to in the United States as “mobile homes,” although I gather that the caravans given to Palestinians in Gaza do not quite meet the same safety standards as the mobile homes sold in the US.

But of course, if you’re a college student and you’re planning on criticizing the Zionist state over any of this, beware that requiring of Israel “a behavior not expected or demanded of any other democratic nation” could result in your school being denied federal funds should the new bill become law. If you’ve not read my article on the Anti-Semitism Awareness Act, you can do so here.

Weekly report on israel’s terrorism against the State of Palestine

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (01 – 07 December 2016)

Israeli forces continue systematic crimes in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt)

(01 – 07 December 2016)

w48

 

  • Israeli forces continued to use excessive force in the oPt
  • A Palestinian civilian was wounded in the east of Gaza City, while another was wounded in the east of Bethlehem.

 

  • Israeli forces conducted 49 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 10 ones in occupied Jerusalem.
  • 51 civilians, including 4 children, were arrested.
  • Sixteen of them, including 2 children, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem.

 

  • Israeli forces continued to target Palestinian fishermen in the Gaza Strip Sea.
  • 6 fishermen were arrested in the northern Gaza Strip and a fishing boat was confiscated.

 

  • Israeli forces continued their efforts to create Jewish majority in occupied East Jerusalem.
  • Israeli forces forced two brothers to self-demolish their houses in Silwan

 

  • Settlement activities continued in the West Bank.
  • Israeli forces demolished 3 dwellings in Fasayel village, north of Jericho, rendering 21 individuals homeless, including 12 children.
  • Israeli forces stopped paving an agricultural road in Jaloud village, southeast of Nablus.
  • Settlers levelled 40 dunums, southeast of Nablus, to expand the borders of “Yesh Kodish” outpost.

 

  • Israeli forces turned the West Bank into cantons and continued to impose the illegal closure on the Gaza Strip for the 9th
  • Dozens of temporary checkpoints were established in the West Bank and others were re-established to obstruct the movement of Palestinian civilians.
  • 5 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children, were arrested at military checkpoints.
  • A trader was arrested at Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossing in the northern Gaza Strip.

 

 

Summary

 

Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period (01 – 07 December 2016).

 

Shooting:

 

Israeli forces have continued to commit crimes, inflicting civilian casualties. They have also continued to use excessive force against Palestinian civilians participating in peaceful protests in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the majority of whom were youngsters. During the reporting period, Israeli forces wounded 2 Palestinian civilians in the West Bank and Gaza strip.

 

In the West Bank, Israeli forces stationed at Mazmouriyah checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, opened fire at worker Mousa Dababsah (28) from Yata, south of Hebron when he was on his way to his workplace in occupied Jerusalem.  as a result, he was wounded with a bullet to the left foot.

 

In the Gaza Strip, in the context of targeting Palestinian fishermen in the sea, on 01 December 2016, Israeli gunboats stationed off Khan Younis Shore in the southern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire in the vicinity of Palestinian fishing boats within the allowed fishing area.

 

On 04 December 2016, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats.  They surrounded a fishing boat manned by two brother namely Shafiq (27) and Sa’adi al-Sultan.  The Israeli soldiers ordered them to take off their clothes, jump into the water and swim towards the gunboat.  They were then arrested and taken to an unknown destination.  Meanwhile, the boat and fishing net were confiscated.  On 06 December 2016, in a similar attack, Israeli forces arrested 4 fishermen and confiscated their boat.  The four fishermen were identified as Majed Baker (55); his son ‘Omran (32); Mohammed Baker (31) and Khalil (26).

 

On 05 December 2016, Israeli gunboats stationed off Rafah shore in the southern Gaza Strip opened fire at fishing boats sailing in the sea in the morning and afternoon.  However, no casualties were reported.

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 49 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 10 others in occupied Jerusalem and its suburbs. During these incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 51 Palestinian civilians, including 4 children. Sixteen of them, including 2 children, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem.

 

Creating Jewish majority in occupied East Jerusalem:

 

In the context of house demolitions, on 03 December 2016, Israeli forces forced two brothers namely Sa’id and Naser al-‘Abbasi to self-demolish their houses in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, upon a decision by the Israeli Municipality Court under the pretext of building on a “Greenland”.  The two aforementioned civilians built their houses two and a half years ago on an area of 300 square meters and intended to live in them with their families, comprised of 12 members; half of them are children.

 

Settlement activities and settlers’ attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property:

 

On 04 December 2016, Israeli forces prevented paving a 500-meter agircutural road in the eastern side of Jaloud village, southeast of Nablus.  The rehabilitation is part of a rehabilitation of agricultural roads project in the areas near settlements.  The project is funded by the Italian Civil Volunteer Group (GVC) in cooperation with the international French Relief.

 

On 06 December 2016, Israeli forces demolished 3 dwellings in Central Fasayel village, north of Jericho, rendering 21 individuals homeless, including 12 children.

 

In the same context, on 06 December 2016, settlers from “Yesh Kodish” outpost established oon Palestinian lands, southeast of Nablus, levelled an agricultural land belonging to heirs of late Ahmed Naser Haj Mohammed to expand the borders of the aforementioned outpost.  The 40-dunum land is located in the eastern side of Jaloud village,

 

Restrictions on movement:

 

Israel continued to impose a tight closure of the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

The illegal closure of the Gaza Strip, which has been steadily tightened since June 2007 has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.  The Israeli authorities impose measures to undermine the freedom of trade, including the basic needs for the Gaza Strip population and the agricultural and industrial products to be exported. For 9 consecutive years, Israel has tightened the land and naval closure to isolate the Gaza Strip from the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, and other countries around the world. This resulted in grave violations of the economic, social and cultural rights and a deterioration of living conditions for 2 million people.  The Israeli authorities have established Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) as the sole crossing for imports and exports in order to exercise its control over the Gaza Strip’s economy.  They also aim at imposing a complete ban on the Gaza Strip’s exports. The Israeli closure raised the rate of poverty to 65%. Moreover, the rate of unemployment increased up to 47% and youth constitutes 65% of the unemployed persons.  Moreover, 80% of the Gaza Strip population depends on international aid to secure their minimum daily needs. These rates indicate the unprecedented economic deterioration in the Gaza Strip.

 

In the West Bank, Israeli forces continued to suffocate the Palestinian cities and village by imposing military checkpoints around and/or between them. This created “cantons” isolated from each other that hinders the movement of civilians. Moreover, the Palestinian civilians suffering aggravated because of the annexation wall and checkpoints erected on daily basis to catch Palestinians.

 

 

Details

 

  1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas, and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 01 December 2016

 

  • At approximately 02:40, Israeli forces moved into Azoun ‘Etmah village, southeast of Qalqiliyah. They raided and searched 4 houses after which they arrested 5 civilians and took them to an unknown destination. The arrested civilians were identified as Fahed Ali Saleh Fawzi al-Sheikh (30), Mahdi Saleh Fawzi al-Sheikh (34), Alaa’ Ismail al-Sheikh (28) and the two brothers Anas (23) and Abed Jaser Othman Essa (23). Israeli forces claimed that the abovementioned civilians were arrested on grounds of smuggling Palestinian workers to work in Israel via their personal cars.

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Bassam Badawi Ekhleil (52) after locking the 10-member family in one room. Later, Israeli forces withdrew from the village, but no arrests were reported.

 

  • At approximately 07:00, Israeli forces stationed at “Mazmuria” checkpoint adjacent to al-Khas and al-Nu’man villages, east of Bethlehem, opened fire at Mousa Mohammed Dababsah (28) from Yatta, south of Hebron, while going to his work in Jerusalem. As a result, he sustained a live bullet wound to the left foot. Mohammed Awad, Director of Emergency Medical Services in PRCS, said that Mousa was hit with a live bullet to the left foot. He added that the Israeli forces handed him to the PRCS ambulance at the checkpoint, where he received first aid and then transferred to Beit Jala Governmental Hospital to receive medical treatment. His medical condition was classified as stable.

 

  • At approximately 19:30, Israeli gunboats stationed off Khan Yunis Shore, south of the Gaza strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area. As a result, fishermen were forced to flee for fear of being arrested or wounded, so no casualties were reported.

 

  • Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Surif, Sa’ir an al-Thaheriyah villages in Hebron.

 

Friday, 02 December 2016

 

  • In the early morning, Israeli forces moved into Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched a number of houses. They arrested Malek Maher Hamed (18), Taher Akram Hamed (18) and Muhanad Abdul Halim Shabrawi (17) and later withdrew taking them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched 2 houses and then handed summonses to 2 civilians in order to refer to the Israeli Intelligence in “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of Bethlehem. The abovementioned civilians were identified as Omer Ahmed Ayad Awad (32) and Mohammed Muhsem al-Za’aqiq (40). They also raided and searched a house belonging to Ibrahim Ali Aqel Ekhleil. They later withdrew from the village, and no arrests were reported.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Rumanah village, west of Jenin; Ethna and Deir al-‘Asal villages and al-Aroub refugee camp in Hebron.

 

Saturday, 03 December 2016

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Jaber Abdul Karim (55). They handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence services in “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of Bethlehem.

 

  • Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Sa’ir and Kurmah villages in Hebron and Hawarah village, south of Nablus.

 

Sunday, 04 December 2016

 

  • In the early morning, Israeli forces moved into al-Mazra’ah al-Qebliyah village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a number of houses. They arrested Mo’men Mohammed Shraiteh (18) and Ali Sufian Buyoud (18) and later withdrew taking them to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Fathi Zuhdi Muhfouz (19) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of al-Wahah shore, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats. Three Israeli large gunboats surrounded a fishing boat belonging to Tawfiq Mustafa Ahmed al-Sultan (41). The boat was manned by the aforementioned civilian’s brothers; Shafiq (27) and Sa’di (31), form al-Salatin neighbourhood. They were sailing within 800 meters offshore. The navy soldiers ordered the fishermen to take off their clothes, jump into the water and swim towards the Israeli gunboat. They arrested the fishermen and confiscated their boat and 10 pieces of fishing net.
  • Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Eskaka village, east of Salfit, al-Samou’ and Bani Na’im villages in Hebron and Azoun village, east of Qalqiliyah .

 

Monday, 05 December 2016

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Saher Nafeth Thawabtah (24) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Jales Mount area, east of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Atiyah al- Zaru al-Tamimi (42) and his son Kefah (20).

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Qabatiya village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Loa’y Zayan Zakarnah (18), Mousa Abdul Salam Kamil (21) and Mahmud Abu Ein Abu al-Rub (20). At approximately 05:30, they withdrew taking them to an unknown destination

 

  • At approximately 09:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off Rafah shore, in the southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats and chased them. At approximately 17:00, the shooting recurred. As a result, fishermen were forced to flee for fear of being arrested or wounded, so no casualties were reported.

 

  • At approximately 12:30, Israeli forces moved into Deir Netham village, northwest of Ramallah. The soldiers fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at school students and other civilians. As a result, a number of them suffered tear gas inhalation. It should be noted that the Israeli forces have imposed a closure for two weeks at the entrances to the village and used cement cubes to close them. This was due to the fire broke out in “Halamish” settlement established on the lands of Deir Netham and al-Nabi Saleh villages.

 

  • Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Rummanah village, west of Jenin; Sa’ir village and al-Aroub refugee camp in Hebron and Azoun village, east of Qalqiliyah.

 

Tuesday, 06 December 2016

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested 4 civilians. The arrested civilians were identified as Sai’d Nabil Dweikat (30), Mohammed Mazen Duiekat (22), ‘Ahed Surhan Duilekat (25) and Muntaser Talal Duiekat (23).

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Dheisheh refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Abdullah Emad Raqban (24) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Jeet village, northeast of Qalqiliyah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Ahmed Abu Baker (26) and then handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services. At approximately 02:30, they withdrew from the village and no arrests were reported.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Dura, south of Hebron, and stationed in Karisah neighbourhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Rezeq Jubran al-Rajoub (60) and arrested him. It should be noted that the abovementioned civilian was released only a week ago after serving a 23-month administrative detention.

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces move into Aydah refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Saleh al-Kurdi (18) and then arrested him.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Hebron and stationed in al-Jeldah neighbourhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Basel Ali Sukafi (30) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Rajeh Mahmud Abu ‘Ajamiyah (45) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Surrah village, south of Dura, southwest of Hebron, and then stationed at the village entrance leading to al-Thaheriyah village. They raided and searched a house belonging to Sa’id Saqer al-Sha’rawi (43), a Palestinian police officer. They then arrested the aforementioned civilian and his son Ramadan (23) and later withdrew taking them to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 17:30, Israeli forces move into al-Shurfah area in Taqou’a village, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Khader Sabbah (12) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 06:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Wahah shore, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats. The gunboats surrounded a fishing boat sailing within 4 nautical miles. It was manned by Majed Fadel Hasan Baker (55); his son ‘Omran (32); Mohammed Ziyad Hasan Baker (31) and Khalil Jawhar Khalil Baker (26), all of them are from al-Shati’ refugee camp. The soldiers ordered the fishermen to take off their clothes, jump into the water and swim towards the Israeli gunboat. The soldiers arrested them and confiscated their boat and fishing nets.

 

  • Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Sa’ir, Beit Ummer and Karza villages in Hebron.

 

Wednesday, 07 December 2016

 

  • At approximately 00:30, Israeli forces moved into Beit Jala. They raided and searched a house belonging to Amir Khalil ‘Afanah (19) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Sebastia village, northwest of Nablus. They raided and searched houses belonging to Mo’men Nadi ‘Azem (25), Ahmed Jamal ‘Azem (25) and Luqman Ahmed Mohammed al-Sha’er (23). They handed them summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into ‘Azoun village, east of Qalqiliyah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed ‘Ali Rashed Redwan (24) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Marah Rabah village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses after which they arrested Mohammed Maher al-Sheikh (20), Mahmud Ahmed al-Sheikh (22) and Mohammed Ahmed al-Sheikh (21).

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Bethlehem and stationed on al-Saf Street in the central city. They raided and searched a house belonging to former prisoner Saleh Walid al-Harimi (20). They then handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of the city.

 

  • Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Ethna and al-Shyoukh villages in Hebron and Tal village in Nablus.

 

  • Use of excessive force against peaceful demonstrations protesting settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall

 

West Bank:

 

  • Following the Friday prayer on Friday, 02 December 2016, dozens of Palestinian civilians and Israeli and international human rights defenders organized demonstrations in Bil’in and Ni’lin villages, west of Ramallah; al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of the city and Kafer Qadoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah, protesting against the annexation wall and settlement activities. Israeli forces forcibly dispersed the protests, firing live and metal bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs. They also chased the protesters into olive fields and houses.  As a result, many of the protesters suffered tear gas inhalation while others sustained bruises as Israeli soldiers beat them up. At approximately 15:15 on Saturday, 03 December 2016, a similar demonstration was organized in Kafer Qadoum village, but no arrests were reported.

 

Gaza Strip:

 

  • At approximately 15:00 on Friday, 02 December 2016, Israeli forces stationed at the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of al-Shuja’iya, east of Gaza City, fired live bullets and rubber-coated metal bullets at Palestinian young men, who were on their way to Nahal ‘Oz area, east of al-Shuja’iya, participating in activities held in solidarity with Jerusalem. As a result, Talal Nabil Ali Abu Namous (19) sustained a live bullet wound to the head. Moreover, due to the continuous shooting, civilians, who were in the area, were not able to transfer the wounded civilian and he was left bleeding. After half an hour, a PRCS ambulance transferred him to al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza to receive medical treatment. Medical sources classified his condition as moderate.

 

  1. Continued closure of the oPt

 

Israel continued to impose a tight closure on the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israeli forces continuously tighten the closure of the Gaza Strip and close all commercial crossings, making the Karm Abu Salem crossing the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip, although it is not suitable for commercial purposes in terms of its operational capacity and distance from markets.

Israeli forces have continued to apply the policy, which is aimed to tighten the closure on all commercial crossings, by imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.

 

Israeli forces have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities. The limited quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population of the Gaza Strip.

 

Israeli forces also continued to impose an almost total ban on the Gaza Strip exports, including agricultural and industrial products, except for light-weighted products such as flowers, strawberries, and spices. However, they lately allowed the exportation of some vegetables such as cucumber and tomatoes, furniture and fish.

 

Israel has continued to close the Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the majority of Palestinian citizens from the Gaza Strip. Israel only allows the movement of a limited number of groups, with many hours of waiting in the majority of cases. Israel has continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via the Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel also continued applying the policy of making certain civilian traveling via the crossing interviewed by the Israeli intelligence service to be questioned, blackmailed or arrested

Jewish mentality: Ninety Percent of Gaza Has No Clean Drinking Water

Crimes against Humanity: Ninety Percent of Gaza Has No Clean Drinking Water

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Ninety percent of Gaza has no safe drinking water and by 2020, none of the water in the blockaded enclave will be usable if nothing is done, the World Bank said this week.

This was not always the case. As recently as the late 1990s, tap water in Gaza was safe to drink, World Bank Senior Water and Sanitation Specialist Adnan Ghosheh said in his statement on the World Bank website this week. But since then, so much water has been pumped from the natural aquifer underneath Gaza that seawater has seeped in, spoiling the water and making it too salty for drinking.

Gaza’s nearly 2 million residents, therefore, rely on about 150 water truck operators selling desalinated filtered drinking water. However, “It’s more expensive and not an improved source of water, according to our definitions of water clean enough to drink,” Ghosheh said.

And while salty water may suffice for some household necessities, it’s hardly among the comforts of a Gaza home. “The water we have, when it’s on, it’s not clean; it’s undrinkable. It hurts the eyes because of the high salinity,” Nahed Radwan, a Gaza resident, told Al Jazeera in a report over the summer. Radwan said her taps are usually running once a week for two days.

“People are using generators for water, but we can’t afford it,” Radwan said. “Especially my girls – they don’t like to take showers with salty water, their hair starts to fall out. I cook and do everything with drinking water.”

Despite shelling out for bottled water – spending six times more on the basic human necessity than their counterparts in the UK, Al Jazeera reported, in an area where poverty is widespread and most households depend on international aid – some 68 percent of water that does reach Gazan households from these often unlicensed desalination plants is biologically contaminated.

Israel supplies water to Gaza, but the amounts have not kept pace with population growth in the penned-in area often described as an open-air prison. The volume of water provided under the 1993 Oslo Accords “falls far short of what [Gaza] needs now,” Ghosheh said.

The Israeli-Palestinian Joint Water Committee has not met in years, Medialine reported. Israeli officials say the Palestinians are not interested in meeting, while Palestinian officials say they will not approve more water for Jewish communities in the West Bank, which they say are already receiving as much water as they need.

The World Bank works with the Palestinian Water Authority (PWA), which is pushing to build a central desalination plant, Ghosheh noted. How long this will take may not be in the PWA’s control, however – Ghosheh pointed out that it took three years for Israel to approve a dedicated power line to another joint project, a wastewater treatment plant.

“If we start implementing the measures to secure the water supply and improve water management, the aquifer would clean and replenish itself,” Ghosheh said. “But, if by the year 2020, those measures are not in place – if the 55 m3 of water a year from the desalination plant is not coming to replace the water being taken out, if the waste water plants are not built – we will basically have an irreversible process.”

Gaza’s municipal services across the board have severely deteriorated during the dispute between Hamas in the Gaza Strip and the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank, along with the Israeli-imposed blockade, a UN report found earlier this month.

“Despite the challenging circumstances, we believe that Palestinians, like any other nation, are entitled to adequate water and sanitation,” Ghosheh said.

israel’s Closure of the Gaza Strip: A Crime against Humanity

Gaza: Nazi Crime against Humanity

Israeli Closure of the Gaza Strip: A Crime against Humanity

Investigate Persecution Arising out of Ongoing Gaza Closure, Palestinian Human Rights Organizations Urge ICC Prosecutor

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Today, Palestinian human rights groups urged the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) to examine the Israeli closure of the Gaza Strip, which has denied two million Palestinians a panoply of fundamental rights for nearly a decade, as the crime against humanity of persecution under the Rome Statute. The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR), Al Mezan Center for Human Rights, Al-Haq, and Aldameer submitted a 145-page file to the ICC Prosecutor setting out the factual and legal basis for the case.

Since June 2007, Israel has instituted a comprehensive closure on the Gaza Strip in which it has denied the free movement of people and goods into and out of Gaza, amounting to collective punishment. The Gaza Strip, a constituent part of the State of Palestine, is frequently described as the world’s largest open-air prison.

“The siege on Gaza is unprecedented and is a form of collective punishment. The aim of the closure and the occupation is to de-develop Gaza, to strip Palestinians of their dignity and send Gazan society back to the Middle Ages,” said Raji Sourani, Director of PCHR.

“Israel’s absolute control over Gaza’s borders and population has set back generations of Palestinians who cannot travel, access education, receive medical treatment, or engage with the outside world. The ICC must urgently proceed to investigate the crimes against the Palestinian population in Gaza.”

Issam Younis, Director of Al Mezan, further stated that “efforts to ease the closure – which is cruel by design and amounts to a crisis of dignity – have been woefully unsuccessful, as evidenced by the ineffectiveness of the Gaza Reconstruction Mechanism. A full lifting of the closure is required and the protection of civilians must be ensured.”

The four Palestinian human rights organizations maintain that the closure of the Gaza Strip has been disproportionate, discriminatory and not justified by military or security purposes. In fact, the current restrictions on the movement of goods and persons into and out of the Gaza Strip are imposed as punitive and persecutory measures. The organizations conclude that a reasonable basis exists to believe that the crime against humanity of persecution is being committed. Persecution entails the denial of fundamental rights on the basis of identity of a group. In this case, the organizations assert that Palestinians are being denied their rights to life and physical security, to work, to education, to health, to adequate food, water and housing, to family life, to travel, to freedom from discrimination, and ultimately the right to dignity.

“The closure, which is the result of a comprehensive package of suffocating restrictions, deliberately fragments the Palestinian territory and severely violates fundamental human rights of the Palestinian population. The ICC Prosecutor has a golden opportunity to bring an end to the suffering of the entire Palestinian population,” said Shawan Jabarin, Director of Al-Haq.

The Prosecutor is currently engaged in a preliminary examination on the Situation in Palestine in order to determine whether or not to proceed into investigations of alleged crimes committed on the territory of the State of Palestine. Palestine became a State Party to the Rome Statute of the ICC on 1 April 2015, which vested the ICC with jurisdiction over crimes committed since 13 June 2014. The ICC has jurisdiction over genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.

To coincide with the submission to the ICC, the Palestinian human rights organizations have prepared an executive summary of the submission and a short documentary video illustrating the impact of the closure on daily life in Gaza

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