Empire Files: Israeli Army Vet’s Exposé – “I Was the Terrorist”

 

 

“Israel maintains a regime of apartheid over Palestinians” 

“Israel maintains a regime of apartheid over Palestinians” — UN report

Report by the UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) 2017
Palestine and the Israeli Occupation, Issue №1
Israeli Practices towards the Palestinian People and the Question of Apartheid

UN group cowers to Israeli & US complaints – takes down report finding Israel guilty of apartheid

United Nations

“The report concludes that the weight of the evidence supports beyond a reasonable doubt the proposition that Israel is guilty of imposing an apartheid regime on the Palestinian people, which amounts to the commission of a crime against humanity, the prohibition of which is considered jus cogens in international customary law.”

This report was commissioned by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) from authors Mr Richard Falk and Ms Virginia Tiley.

This report examines, based on key instruments of international law, whether Israel has established an apartheid regime that oppresses and dominates the Palestinian people as a whole. Having established that the crime of apartheid has universal application, that the question of the status of the Palestinians as a people is settled in law, and that the crime of apartheid should be considered at the level of the State, the report sets out to demonstrate how Israel has imposed such a system on the Palestinians in order to maintain the domination of one racial group over others.

A history of war, annexation and expulsions, as well as a series of practices, has left the Palestinian people fragmented into four distinct population groups, three of them (citizens of Israel, residents of East Jerusalem and the populace under occupation in the West Bank and Gaza) living under direct Israeli rule and the remainder, refugees and involuntary exiles, living beyond. This fragmentation, coupled with the application of discrete bodies of law to those groups, lie at the heart of the apartheid regime. They serve to enfeeble opposition to it and to veil its very existence. This report concludes, on the basis of overwhelming evidence, that Israel is guilty of the crime of apartheid, and urges swift action to oppose and end it.


Executive Summary

This report concludes that Israel has established an apartheid regime that dominates the Palestinian people as a whole. Aware of the seriousness of this allegation, the authors of the report conclude that available evidence establishes beyond a reasonable doubt that Israel is guilty of policies and practices that constitute the crime of apartheid as legally defined in instruments of international law.

The analysis in this report rests on the same body of international human rights law and principles that reject anti-Semitism and other racially discriminatory ideologies, including: the Charter of the United Nations (1945), the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (1965). The report relies for its definition of apartheid primarily on article II of the International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid (1973, hereinafter the Apartheid Convention):

The term “the crime of apartheid”, which shall include similar policies and practices of racial segregation and discrimination as practiced in southern Africa, shall apply to… inhuman acts committed for the purpose of establishing and maintaining domination by one racial group of persons over any other racial group of persons and systematically oppressing them.

Although the term “apartheid” was originally associated with the specific instance of South Africa, it now represents a species of crime against humanity under customary international law and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, according to which:

“The crime of apartheid” means inhumane acts… committed in the context of an institutionalized regime of systematic oppression and domination by one racial group over any other racial group or groups and committed with the intention of maintaining that regime.

Against that background, this report reflects the expert consensus that the prohibition of apartheid is universally applicable and was not rendered moot by the collapse of apartheid in South Africa and South West Africa (Namibia).

The legal approach to the matter of apartheid adopted by this report should not be confused with usage of the term in popular discourse as an expression of opprobrium. Seeing apartheid as discrete acts and practices (such as the “apartheid wall”), a phenomenon generated by anonymous structural conditions like capitalism (“economic apartheid”), or private social behaviour on the part of certain racial groups towards others (social racism) may have its place in certain contexts. However, this report anchors its definition of apartheid in international law, which carries with it responsibilities for States, as specified in international instruments.

The choice of evidence is guided by the Apartheid Convention, which sets forth that the crime of apartheid consists of discrete inhuman acts, but that such acts acquire the status of crimes against humanity only if they intentionally serve the core purpose of racial domination. The Rome Statute specifies in its definition the presence of an “institutionalized regime” serving the “intention” of racial domination. Since “purpose” and “intention” lie at the core of both definitions, this report examines factors ostensibly separate from the Palestinian dimension — especially, the doctrine of Jewish statehood as expressed in law and the design of Israeli State institutions — to establish beyond doubt the presence of such a core purpose.

That the Israeli regime is designed for this core purpose was found to be evident in the body of laws, only some of which are discussed in the report for reasons of scope. One prominent example is land policy. The Israeli Basic Law (Constitution) mandates that land held by the State of Israel, the Israeli Development Authority or the Jewish National Fund shall not be transferred in any manner, placing its management permanently under their authority. The State Property Law of 1951 provides for the reversion of property (including land) to the State in any area “in which the law of the State of Israel applies”. The Israel Lands Authority (ILA) manages State land, which accounts for 93 per cent of the land within the internationally recognized borders of Israel and is by law closed to use, development or ownership by non-Jews. Those laws reflect the concept of “public purpose” as expressed in the Basic Law. Such laws may be changed by Knesset vote, but the Basic Law: Knesset prohibits any political party from challenging that public purpose. Effectively, Israeli law renders opposition to racial domination illegal.

Demographic engineering is another area of policy serving the purpose of maintaining Israel as a Jewish State. Most well known is Israeli law conferring on Jews worldwide the right to enter Israel and obtain Israeli citizenship regardless of their countries of origin and whether or not they can show links to Israel-Palestine, while withholding any comparable right from Palestinians, including those with documented ancestral homes in the country. The World Zionist Organization and Jewish Agency are vested with legal authority as agencies of the State of Israel to facilitate Jewish immigration and preferentially serve the interests of Jewish citizens in matters ranging from land use to public development planning and other matters deemed vital to Jewish statehood. Some laws involving demographic engineering are expressed in coded language, such as those that allow Jewish councils to reject applications for residence from Palestinian citizens. Israeli law normally allows spouses of Israeli citizens to relocate to Israel but uniquely prohibits this option in the case of Palestinians from the occupied territory or beyond. On a far larger scale, it is a matter of Israeli policy to reject the return of any Palestinian refugees and exiles (totalling some six million people) to territory under Israeli control.

Two additional attributes of a systematic regime of racial domination must be present to qualify the regime as an instance of apartheid. The first involves the identification of the oppressed persons as belonging to a specific “racial group”. This report accepts the definition of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination of “racial discrimination” as “any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life”. On that basis, this report argues that in the geopolitical context of Palestine, Jews and Palestinians can be considered “racial groups”. Furthermore, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination is cited expressly in the Apartheid Convention.

The second attribute is the boundary and character of the group or groups involved. The status of the Palestinians as a people entitled to exercise the right of self determination has been legally settled, most authoritatively by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in its 2004 advisory opinion on Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. On that basis, the report examines the treatment by Israel of the Palestinian people as a whole, considering the distinct circumstances of geographic and juridical fragmentation of the Palestinian people as a condition imposed by Israel. (Annex II addresses the issue of a proper identification of the “country” responsible for the denial of Palestinian rights under international law.)

This report finds that the strategic fragmentation of the Palestinian people is the principal method by which Israel imposes an apartheid regime. It first examines how the history of war, partition, de jure and de facto annexation and prolonged occupation in Palestine has led to the Palestinian people being divided into different geographic regions administered by distinct sets of law. This fragmentation operates to stabilize the Israeli regime of racial domination over the Palestinians and to weaken the will and capacity of the Palestinian people to mount a unified and effective resistance. Different methods are deployed depending on where Palestinians live. This is the core means by which Israel enforces apartheid and at the same time impedes international recognition of how the system works as a complementary whole to comprise an apartheid regime.

Since 1967, Palestinians as a people have lived in what the report refers to as four “domains”, in which the fragments of the Palestinian population are ostensibly treated differently but share in common the racial oppression that results from the apartheid regime. Those domains are:

1. Civil law, with special restrictions, governing Palestinians who live as citizens of Israel;

2. Permanent residency law governing Palestinians living in the city of Jerusalem;

3. Military law governing Palestinians, including those in refugee camps, living since 1967 under conditions of belligerent occupation in the West Bank and Gaza Strip;

4. Policy to preclude the return of Palestinians, whether refugees or exiles, living outside territory under Israel’s control.

Domain 1 embraces about 1.7 million Palestinians who are citizens of Israel. For the first 20 years of the country’s existence, they lived under martial law and to this day are subjected to oppression on the basis of not being Jewish. That policy of domination manifests itself in inferior services, restrictive zoning laws and limited budget allocations made to Palestinian communities; in restrictions on jobs and professional opportunities; and in the mostly segregated landscape in which Jewish and Palestinian citizens of Israel live. Palestinian political parties can campaign for minor reforms and better budgets, but are legally prohibited by the Basic Law from challenging legislation maintaining the racial regime. The policy is reinforced by the implications of the distinction made in Israel between “citizenship” (ezrahut) and “nationality” (le’um): all Israeli citizens enjoy the former, but only Jews enjoy the latter. “National” rights in Israeli law signify Jewish-national rights. The struggle of Palestinian citizens of Israel for equality and civil reforms under Israeli law is thus isolated by the regime from that of Palestinians elsewhere.

Domain 2 covers the approximately 300,000 Palestinians who live in East Jerusalem, who experience discrimination in access to education, health care, employment, residency and building rights. They also suffer from expulsions and home demolitions, which serve the Israeli policy of “demographic balance” in favour of Jewish residents. East Jerusalem Palestinians are classified as permanent residents, which places them in a separate category designed to prevent their demographic and, importantly, electoral weight being added to that of Palestinians citizens in Israel. As permanent residents, they have no legal standing to challenge Israeli law. Moreover, openly identifying with Palestinians in the occupied Palestinian territory politically carries the risk of expulsion to the West Bank and loss of the right even to visit Jerusalem. Thus, the urban epicentre of Palestinian political life is caught inside a legal bubble that curtails its inhabitants’ capacity to oppose the apartheid regime lawfully.

Domain 3 is the system of military law imposed on approximately 6.6 million Palestinians who live in the occupied Palestinian territory, 4.7 million of them in the West Bank and 1.9 million in the Gaza Strip. The territory is administered in a manner that fully meets the definition of apartheid under the Apartheid Convention: except for the provision on genocide, every illustrative “inhuman act” listed in the Convention is routinely and systematically practiced by Israel in the West Bank. Palestinians are governed by military law, while the approximately 350,000 Jewish settlers are governed by Israeli civil law. The racial character of this situation is further confirmed by the fact that all West Bank Jewish settlers enjoy the protections of Israeli civil law on the basis of being Jewish, whether they are Israeli citizens or not. This dual legal system, problematic in itself, is indicative of an apartheid regime when coupled with the racially discriminatory management of land and development administered by Jewish-national institutions, which are charged with administering “State land” in the interest of the Jewish population. In support of the overall findings of this report, annex I sets out in more detail the policies and practices of Israel in the occupied Palestinian territory that constitute violations of article II of the Apartheid Convention.

Domain 4 refers to the millions of Palestinian refugees and involuntary exiles, most of whom live in neighbouring countries. They are prohibited from returning to their homes in Israel and the occupied Palestinian territory. Israel defends its rejection of the Palestinians’ return in frankly racist language: it is alleged that Palestinians constitute a “demographic threat” and that their return would alter the demographic character of Israel to the point of eliminating it as a Jewish State. The refusal of the right of return plays an essential role in the apartheid regime by ensuring that the Palestinian population in Mandate Palestine does not grow to a point that would threaten Israeli military control of the territory and/or provide the demographic leverage for Palestinian citizens of Israel to demand (and obtain) full democratic rights, thereby eliminating the Jewish character of the State of Israel. Although domain 4 is confined to policies denying Palestinians their right of repatriation under international law, it is treated in this report as integral to the system of oppression and domination of the Palestinian people as a whole, given its crucial role in demographic terms in maintaining the apartheid regime.

This report finds that, taken together, the four domains constitute one comprehensive regime developed for the purpose of ensuring the enduring domination over non-Jews in all land exclusively under Israeli control in whatever category. To some degree, the differences in treatment accorded to Palestinians have been provisionally treated as valid by the United Nations, in the absence of an assessment of whether they constitute a form of apartheid. In the light of this report’s findings, this long-standing fragmented international approach may require review.

In the interests of fairness and completeness, the report examines several counterarguments advanced by Israel and supporters of its policies denying the applicability of the Apartheid Convention to the case of Israel-Palestine. They include claims that: the determination of Israel to remain a Jewish State is consistent with practices of other States, such as France; Israel does not owe Palestinian non-citizens equal treatment with Jews precisely because they are not citizens; and Israeli treatment of the Palestinians reflects no “purpose” or “intent” to dominate, but rather is a temporary state of affairs imposed on Israel by the realities of ongoing conflict and security requirements. The report shows that none of those arguments stands up to examination. A further claim that Israel cannot be considered culpable for crimes of apartheid because Palestinian citizens of Israel have voting rights rests on two errors of legal interpretation: an overly literal comparison with South African apartheid policy and detachment of the question of voting rights from other laws, especially provisions of the Basic Law that prohibit political parties from challenging the Jewish, and hence racial, character of the State.

The report concludes that the weight of the evidence supports beyond a reasonable doubt the proposition that Israel is guilty of imposing an apartheid regime on the Palestinian people, which amounts to the commission of a crime against humanity, the prohibition of which is considered jus cogens in international customary law. The international community, especially the United Nations and its agencies, and Member States, have a legal obligation to act within the limits of their capabilities to prevent and punish instances of apartheid that are responsibly brought to their attention. More specifically, States have a collective duty: (a) not to recognize an apartheid regime as lawful; (b) not to aid or assist a State in maintaining an apartheid regime; and © to cooperate with the United Nations and other States in bringing apartheid regimes to an end. Civil society institutions and individuals also have a moral and political duty to use the instruments at their disposal to raise awareness of this ongoing criminal enterprise, and to exert pressure on Israel in order to persuade it to dismantle apartheid structures in compliance with international law. The report ends with general and specific recommendations to the United Nations, national Governments, and civil society and private actors on actions they should take in view of the finding that Israel maintains a regime of apartheid in its exercise of control over the Palestinian people.


The original report was deleted from the UN website. Alternative source here

The full report: (download pdf here)

Related Video

Weekly report on israel’s terrorism against the “State” of Palestine (09-15 March 2017)

PCHR Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory 

Israeli forces continue systematic crimes in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt)

(09-15 March 2017)

 

  • Israeli forces killed a Palestinian civilian in occupied Jerusalem.
  • 11 civilians, including 3 children, were wounded in the West Bank.
  • Israeli forces continued to target the border areas in the Gaza Strip, and no arrests were reported.
  • Israeli forces conducted 80 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and a limited one was conducted in the central Gaza Strip.
  • 80 civilians, including 9 children and 4 women, one of whom is a PLC Member, Samira al- Halyqa, were arrested in the West Bank.
  • 35 of them, including 5 children and 2 women, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem and its suburbs.
  • 3 children were arrested while sneaking through the border fence into Israel to look for work and were then released after interrogation.
  • Israeli forces continued their efforts to create Jewish majority in occupied East Jerusalem.
  • Two houses were demolished and a civilian was obliged to self-demolish his house.
  • Closure of Arab Studies Society’s Mapping and arresting its director.
  • Israeli forces continued their settlement activities in the West Bank.
  • A mobile house was confiscated in Farosh Beit Dajan village, while a vegetable stall was demolished.
  • Israeli settlers uprooted and stole (143) olive trees, south of Nablus.
  • Israeli forces continued to target Palestinian fishermen in the Gaza Strip Sea.
  • Israeli forces turned the West Bank into cantons and continued to impose the illegal closure on the Gaza Strip for the 10th
  • Dozens of temporary checkpoints were established in the West Bank and others were re-established to obstruct the movement of Palestinian civilians.
  • 2 Palestinian civilians, including a child, were arrested at military checkpoints in the West Bank.

 

Summary

Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period (09-15 March 2017).

 

Shooting:

During the reporting period, Israeli settlers killed a Palestinian civilian in occupied Jerusalem.  Meanwhile, the Israeli forces wounded 11 Palestinian civilians, including 3 children, in the West Bank. The Israeli forces continued to chase Palestinian fishermen in the Gaza Sea and open fire at farmers in the border areas.

 

In the West Bank, in new crime of using excessive force, on Monday, 13 February 2017, Israeli officers killed Ibrahim Mahmoud Matar (25), from al-Mukaber Mount, southeast of occupied Jerusalem. Israeli forces claimed that Ibrahim entered the Israeli police office in Lions Gate (al-Asbat), took a knife out and then stabbed 2 Israeli soldiers. After that, Ibrahim was shot dead by another Israeli soldier.

 

On 10 March 2017, Israeli forces opened fire at Palestinian civilians, who were at the western entrance to Selwad village, northeast of Ramallah, and wounded 2 of them.

 

On 11 March 2017, a 16-year-old male was hit with a tear gas canister at his head, when Israeli forces raided Birzeit, north of Ramallah. Moreover, the Israeli forces fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians.

 

On 11 March 2017, a Palestinian civilian was hit with a live bullet to the leg, when Israeli forces moved into Sabastiyia village, northwest of Nablus. During which, a number of Palestinian young men protested against them.

 

On 15 March 2017, 5 civilians, including 2 siblings, were wounded, when Israeli forces moved into al-Duhaisha refugee camp and al-Dawha village nearby, south of Bethlehem. One of whom was wounded as he was at the roof of his house in al-Dawhah village. when the wounded’s brother along with his 3 friends rushed to take him to the hospital, the Israeli forces opened fire at the car carrying them. As a result, 4 other civilians were wounded.

On the same day, a Palestinian worker, from al-‘Obaidiya village, east of Behtlthem, was wounded while he was near ” Mazmouriya” checkpoint, east of the city, attempting to go to his work in occupied Jerusalem.

 

On the same day, Fatmah Jabrin ‘Aye Abdul ‘Aziz Taqatqah (16) from Sahlet ‘Eid neighborhood in al-Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem, was shot by the Israeli forces. The Israeli forces claimed she attempted to carry out a ran-over attack in the intersection of “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of the city, but she was arrested.  After that, Fatama was taken to “Shaare Zedek” Medical Centre in Jerusalem. Fatmah’s family refused the Israeli claims and said that she lost control of her vehicle.

 

In the Gaza Strip, in the context of targeting border areas, On 09 March 2017, ,  Israeli forces stationed in the vicinity of “Kissufim” military site established along the border fence between the Gaza Strip an Israel, northeast of Khan Yunis in the southern Gaza Strip, fired several artillery shells and opened fire at agricultural lands in al-Qararah and al-Salqa Valley areas, west of the abovementioned border fence amidst firing several flare bombs, but no arrests were reported.

 

In the context of targeting Palestinian fishermen in the sea, On 14 March 2017, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, northwest of Beit Lahia village in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and chased them. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee for fear of their lives, but neither casualties nor material damages were reported.

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 80 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and its suburbs, and conducted 11 raids in occupied Jerusalem and its suburbs. During these incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 80 Palestinian civilians, including 9 children and 4 women. Thirty five of them, including 5 children and 2 women, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem. Among those arrested was a Member representing Hamas in the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) identified as Samira al-Halyqa (53).

 

In the Gaza Strip, on 15 March 2017, Israeli forces moved into the east of Gaza Valley (Johr al-Deek) in the central Gaza Strip. They leveled the lands adjacent to the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel after which they re-deployed along the border fence.

 

Creating Jewish Majority in Occupied East Jerusalem:

 

Concerning house demolitions, on Saturday, 11 March 2017, the Israeli Municipality obliged ‘Arafat Qara’een to self-demolish part of his family house in Wadi Helwa neighborhood, south of the Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Al-Qara’een said that the part, which was demolished comprised of a 20-square-meter room used as a store built 2 years ago.

 

On 14 March 2017, Israeli forces accompanied demolished an under-construction residential building in al-‘Issawiyia village, northeast of occupied Jerusalem. The 250-square-meters building, which was comprised of 2 floors, belongs to Majdi Mostafa.

 

On the same day, Israeli forces demolished a house in Silwan village, south of East Jerusalem’s Old City. The house belongs to Mohamed Abu Saleh and was comprised of 2 rooms built in an area of 50 square meters. It should be noted that Mohamed along with his family comprised of 3 members, were intending to live in the house soon.

 

In the context of imposing restrictions on Palestinian associations, on 14 March 2017, Israeli forces raided the Mapping and Survey Office of the Arab Studies Society- Orient House in Beit Hanina neighborhood, north of occupied Jerusalem.  The police officers arrested the Office Director and maps and settlement expert, Khalil Tufakji, and took him to an unknown destination after confiscating his cell phone and some contents of the office.  The Israeli police closed the office for 6 months upon an order from the Israeli Interior Minister, Gelad Ardan.

 

Settlement Activities and settlers’ attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property:

 

On 14 March 2017, Israeli forces confiscated a mobile house in Farosh Beit Dajan village. The house belongs to Tawfiq Abed al-Raheem Haj Mohamed, who works as Headmaster of the village’s school. The abovementioned house was built on an area of 25 square meters and shelters 8 members, including 3 children. Moreover, the bulldozer demolished a vegetable stall located in the village’s main street. The 30-square-meter stall belongs to Yaser Ibrahim Aub Murtada.

 

In the same context, on 10 March 2017, Israeli settlers, from “Rhalim” settlement, uprooted 143 olive trees from al-Sawiyia villages’ lands, south of Nablus. The land belongs to Haytham Ahmed Mohamed Abu Kafanah and Suhail Abed al-Raheem Suliman. Both of them are from the abovementioned village.

 

 

Restrictions on movement:

 

Israel continued to impose a tight closure of the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

The illegal closure of the Gaza Strip, which has been steadily tightened since June 2007 has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.  The Israeli authorities impose measures to undermine the freedom of trade, including the basic needs for the Gaza Strip population and the agricultural and industrial products to be exported. For 9 consecutive years, Israel has tightened the land and naval closure to isolate the Gaza Strip from the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, and other countries around the world. This resulted in grave violations of the economic, social and cultural rights and a deterioration of living conditions for 2 million people.  The Israeli authorities have established Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) as the sole crossing for imports and exports in order to exercise its control over the Gaza Strip’s economy.  They also aim at imposing a complete ban on the Gaza Strip’s exports. The Israeli closure raised the rate of poverty to 65%. Moreover, the rate of unemployment increased up to 47% and youth constitutes 65% of the unemployed persons.  Moreover, 80% of the Gaza Strip population depends on international aid to secure their minimum daily needs. These rates indicate the unprecedented economic deterioration in the Gaza Strip.

 

In the West Bank, Israeli forces continued to suffocate the Palestinian cities and village by imposing military checkpoints around and/or between them. This created “cantons” isolated from each other that hinders the movement of civilians. Moreover, the Palestinian civilians suffering aggravated because of the annexation wall and checkpoints erected on daily basis to catch Palestinians.

 

 

Details

 

  1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas, and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 09 March 2017

 

  • At approximately 00:30, Israeli forces accompanied with 4 military jeeps and an armored personnel carrier moved into Rafat village, west of Salfit. They raided and searched a house belonging to Emad Raja Mas’oud ‘Ayyash (24) and took his ID card. As soon as the soldiers identified Emad, they arrested him and then took him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Shayyoukh village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Samira Abdullah Abdul Rahim Halayqah (53), a PLC Member representing the Reform and Change Bloc of Hamas Movement. The Israeli forces arrested Samira and confiscated her cell phone and 2 laptops. On Sunday, 12 March 2017, the Israeli Authorities brought her before the military court in “Ofer” military camp, west of Ramallah. The Military Attorney General (MAG) accused Samira of incitement against the Israeli forces on her Facebook page and demanded to detain her for 5 days, but her lawyer refused the allegation submitted by the MAG. At the end of the hearing, the judge issued a decision to postpone for one day.

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Qablan village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested Jehad Saleh Hamed Nashatah (43) and ‘Asef Yusuf ‘Adel ‘Omlah (30) and took them to Howara military camp, south of the city. After interrogation, the Israeli forces released them at approximately 144:00 on the same day.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Laban Eastern village, south of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses after which they arrested Suleiman Mohammed Suleiman ‘Owais (25).

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Thanabah village, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Mahmoud Husain Mahmoud Abu Hamrah (20).

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested ‘Essa Omer Mustafa ‘Oudah (24).

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into several neighborhoods in Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested ‘Ali Majed al-‘Ajlouni (31), his brother Morsi (28) and Rami ‘Ali Edrees (29).

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Ezbet al-Jarad, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Mothannah Fo’ad Abdul Rahim Robo’ (23).

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Badras village, wet of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Hazem Mahmoud Hanoun (21) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit ‘Awaa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested Mahmoud Ra’ed Masalmah (16) and Mo’tasem Farouq Masalmah (17).

 

  • At approximately 23:35, Israeli forces stationed in the vicinity of “Kissufim” military site established along the border fence between the Gaza Strip an Israel, northeast of Khan Yunis in the southern Gaza Strip, fired several artillery shells and opened fire at agricultural lands in al-Qararah and al-Salqa Valley areas, west of the abovementioned border fence amidst firing several flare bombs, but no arrests were reported.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (5) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: ‘Ourta village, southeast of Nablus; ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqiliyah; Sa’ir and Beit Ummer villages in Hebron and Kufor Malek village, northeast of Ramallah.

 

Friday, 10 March 2017

 

  • At approximately 17:00, Israeli forces fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at Palestinians, who were near the western entrance to the village, northeast of Ramallah. As a result, some of the civilians were wounded as the Israeli forces arrested Jehad Mohammed Maousa Hammad and took him to an unknown destination.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Sa’ir, al-Shyoukh, Karmah and Beit Marsam villages in Hebron.

 

Saturday, 11 March 2017

 

  • At approximately 14:30, Israeli forces moved into Birzeit village, north of Ramallah. They fire live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians. As a result, a 16-year-old male from al-Mazra’ah al-Qebliyah village, was hit with a tear gas canister to the head. In the same context, the Israeli forces arrested Mos’ab Ibrahim Said (28).

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (10) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Jayous village, northeast of Qalqiliyah, Hablah village, south of the city and ‘Azoun village, east of the city; al-Shyoukh, Surif, Sa’ir Beit Awa, al-Mawreq villages and al-‘Aroub refugee camp in Hebron; Beit Rema village, northwest of  Ramallah.

 

Sunday, 12 March 2017

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Howarah village, south of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Mahmoud ‘Ali Mohamme Sa’adah (41).

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Osama Abdul Jaber Foqahaa’ (26) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 04:30, Israeli forces moved into Sarda village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Batol al-Ramhi (24) and then arrested her.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (9) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Nablus al-Jadidah neighbourhood, south of Nablus; Sebastia village, northwest of the city; ‘Ourta village, southeast of the city; Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah; Kufor al-Deek, al-Zawiyah villages, west of Salfit; al Thaheriyah, Abu al-‘Asjahand Karzah villages in Hebron.

 

Monday, 13 March 2017

 

  •  At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Rabe’I Jawad Za’aqiq (23) and then arrested him.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into the southern area of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to  Malek ‘Ali al-Ja’bari (22) and then arrested him.

 

  •  At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Bani Na’im village, east of Hebron. They raided an searched a house belonging to Abdul Rahim Mahmoud Tarairah (30) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved in al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Jom’ah Ibrahim al-Dusouqi (24) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Tareq Maher Zakarnah (28).

 

  • At approximately 10:00, Israeli forces stationed at the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel at “Nahal ‘Oz” site, east of al-Shuja’iya neighbourhood, east of Gaza, arrested 3 children after they sneaked into the abovementioned border fence. The arrested civilians were identified as Mohammed Mahmoud Abdul Fattah Abdul Nabi (16), Makram Mustafa Yusuf Moqbel (15) and ‘Alaa’ Jamil Sabri Abu Khater. All  of them are from al-Jurun neighbourhood in Jabalia al-Balad in the northern Gaza Strip.

 

  • At approximately 13:00, Israeli forces moved into Taqqou’ village, southeast of Bethlehem. The soldiers chased a number of school students, who were returning to their homes. They then arrested Mohamme Saleem al-Badan (17), a high school student.

 

  • In the evening, Israeli forces moved into Bil’in village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Abdul Khaleq Eyad Burnat (16) and then arrested him.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported:Dura, Taffouh and al-Samou’i villages in Hebron; Rantees village, northwest of Ramallah.

 

Tuesday, 14 March 2017

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Marah Rabah village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested Habib Mohammed al-Saheikh (24) and Ayman Abdul Hai al-Sheikh (21).

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces move into Beit Kahel village, northwest of Hebron, and stationed in Shu’ob Theeb area. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested ‘Esam Suleiman ‘Atawnah (31).

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Beit Jala. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested Noor al-Jawarish (22).

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Nablus and stationed in al-Ma’ajin area. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Essam Mustafa al-Shunnar (20).

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Beit Awa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested Suleiman Nader Masalmah (20).

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched 3 houses and destroyed the houses contents. They then arrested 3 civilians namely Ibrahim Mohammed ‘Awad (22),’Ali Mohammed Za’aqiq (21) and Wael Khalil Abu ‘Ayash (25).

 

  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested Khalid (49) and Amin Mohammed Ismail Sabaa’nah (38).

 

  • At approximately 07:00, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, northwest of Beit Lahia village in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and chased them. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee for fear of their lives, but neither casualties nor material damages were reported.

 

  • At approximately 19:30, Israeli forces moved into Sabastiyia village, northwest of Nablus. A number of youngsters gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who immediately fired live bullets at them. As a result, a 17-year-old child sustained a live bullet wound to the leg. He was transferred to Najah Medical Hospital.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (5) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Beta village, southeast of Nablus; Karisah, Emrish and Sa’ir villages in Hebron an Birzeit village, north of Ramallah.

 

Wednesday, 15 March 2017

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Duhaisah refugee camp and al-Dawhah village nearby, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Morad al-Zaghari (24) and then arrested him. In the meantime, dozens of youngsters gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who randomly fired live bullets at them. As a result, Eyad Ibrahim Ramadan (40) was hit with a live bullet to the leg as he was at the roof of his house in al-Dawhah village. Eyad’s brother Mahmoud and his friends namely Ahmed al-Je’awi (30), Mo’ath Abu Nassar (22) and Mohammed Fares Fararjah (20) rushed to help him and take him to the hospital. The Israeli soldiers then opened fire at their vehicle. As a result, Mahmoud sustained a bullet shrapnel wounds to the head while the three others sustained live bullets wounds to the leg. The five injured civilians were transferred to Bethlehem Hospitals to receive medical treatment.

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into ‘Aawourah village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Salamah Khaseeb (26) and then arrested him.

 

  •  Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Deir ‘Ammar village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Yusuf Mohammed ‘Oudah (44) and then arrested him.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Deir Abu Mash’al village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Laith Sabri al-Barghuthi (25) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested Yasser Bilal Mahmoud Yamin (21), a student at al Sharia School at al-Najah National University in Nablus, and Mos’ab Tawfiq al-Hendi (27).

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Deir Ghsanah village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Amr Mahmoud al-Barguthi (21) and then arrested him.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to ‘Oudai Abdul Razeq al-Tamimi (24) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Hebron and stationed in al-Salam neighborhood. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Zughair family after which they arrested Mos’ab Neal Zughair (22) and Abdullah Ahmed Zughair (19).

 

  • In the morning, Ahmed Radaidah (27), a worker from al-‘Abidiyah village, east of Bethlehem, was wounded near Mazmouriya checkpoint, east of the city, while he attempted to go to his work in Jerusalem. The PRCS said to PCHR’s fieldworker that the PRCS’s crews received the worker from the Israeli forces at abovementioned checkpoint as he sustained a live bullet wounds to the left thigh. He was then transferred to Beit Jala Governmental Hospital, where his wounds were classified as moderate. Eyewitnesses said that Ahmed was shot while he was in Abu al-Hamz Valley area attempting to go to his work in Jerusalem.

 

  • At approximately 07:00, Israeli forces accompanied with 4 military bulldozers moved about 100 meters, west of the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of Gaza Valley (Johr al-Deek) in the central Gaza Strip. The bulldozers leveled the lands adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. The incursion continued until 13:00 on the same day as the Israeli forces redeployed along the border fence.

 

  • At approximately 16:30, Fatmah Jabrin ‘Aye Abdul ‘Aziz Taqatqah (16) from Sahlet ‘Eid neighborhood in al-Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem, was shot by the Israeli forces. The Israeli forces claimed she attempted to carry out a ran-over attack in an intersection of “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of the city, but she was arrested. An ambulance of MDA to “Shaare Zedek” Medical Centre in Jerusalem. Kareem Ajwa, lawyer for the Ministry of Prisoner Affairs, who was able to visit the child in the hospital, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that she was put in the intensive care under artificial respiration device. He also said that her medical condition is serious after she sustained a live bullet wound to the head. Later the Israeli forces moved in the abovementioned town, closed the main and western entrances to it, prevented the civilians from movement and checked their ID cards. They also summoned Fatmah’s father to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service, the Shabak, in “Gush Etzion” settlement. The family refused the Israeli claims that their daughter attempted to carry out a ran-over. They said that she usually drives the car as she is a lonely sister among her brothers. They added that Fatmah enjoys an excellent social life and believe that what happened was that she lost control of her vehicle.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (5) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Nablus, Tubas and Tammoun villages, east of the city; Bani Na’im and al-Thaheriyah villages in Herbron.

 

 

  • Use of excessive force against peaceful demonstrations protesting settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall

 

West Bank:

 

  • Following the Friday prayer on 10 March 2017, dozens of Palestinian civilians and Israeli and international human rights defenders organized demonstrations in Bil’in and Nil’in villages, west of Ramallah and al-Nabi Saleh, northwest of the city; at the entrance to al-Jaalzone refugee camp, north of the city; and in Kafer Qadoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah, protesting against the annexation wall and settlement activities. Israeli forces forcibly dispersed the protests, firing live and metal bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs. They also chased the protesters into olive fields and between houses. As a result, many of the protesters suffered tear gas inhalation while others sustained bruises due to being beaten up by the Israeli soldiers.

 

 

Gaza Strip

 

  • At approximately 14:00 on Friday, 10 March 2017, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and made their way to the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel. They gathered into the east of al-Shuja’iya neighborhood, east of Gaza City, and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who fired live bullets, rubber-coated metal bullets and tear gas canisters at them. No casualties were reported.

 

 

  1. Continued closure of the oPt

Israel continued to impose a tight closure on the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israeli forces continuously tighten the closure of the Gaza Strip and close all commercial crossings, making the Karm Abu Salem crossing the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip, although it is not suitable for commercial purposes in terms of its operational capacity and distance from markets.

Israeli forces have continued to apply the policy, which is aimed to tighten the closure on all commercial crossings, by imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.

 

Israeli forces have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities. The limited quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population of the Gaza Strip.

 

Israeli forces also continued to impose an almost total ban on the Gaza Strip exports, including agricultural and industrial products, except for light-weighted products such as flowers, strawberries, and spices. However, they lately allowed the exportation of some vegetables such as cucumber and tomatoes, furniture and fish.

 

Israel has continued to close the Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the majority of Palestinian citizens from the Gaza Strip. Israel only allows the movement of a limited number of groups, with many hours of waiting in the majority of cases. Israel has continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via the Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel also continued applying the policy of making certain civilian traveling via the crossing interviewed by the Israeli intelligence service to be questioned, blackmailed or arrested

Palestinian Martyred in Al-Quds after Stabbing two Occupation Soldiers

Israeli occupation soldiers shooting

March 13, 2017

Israeli occupation police killed on Monday a Palestinian after he attacked and wounded two border with a knife near an entrance to the old city of al-Quds (Jerusalem).

The attacker, who was a resident of occupied East al-Quds, entered a border guard post and wounded the two before being shot dead. One of the guards was seriously injured, the other more lightly, occupation police added.

Occupation authorizes annexed Arab East al-Quds after the 1967 war.

The occupied territories have been since October 2015 rocked by a wave of unrest due to strict Israeli measures especially in al-Quds and near al-Aqsa Mosque, with Zionist settlers, backed by IOF, repeatedly storming the holy compound.

Palestinians have been retaliating for the Israeli attacks by stabbing attempts. However, the occupation authorities have been using such attempts as a pretext to kill Palestinians.

Since October 2015, 255 Palestinians have been martyred while 40 Israelis have been killed.

Source: AFP

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Palestine news

Hezbollah: Bassel Al-A’raj Proved That Actions Speak Louder Than Words

Bassel 3

March 9, 2017

Hezbollah praised the Palestinian martyr Bassel al-A’raj who was killed earlier this week during heroic clash with Israeli occupation forces in the West Bank city of Ramallah.

In a statement released by the Party’s Media Relations Office, Hezbollah congratulated the martyrdom of al-A’raj who “mixed the words with blood and proved that actions speak louder than words in the struggle against the Zionist enemy which has been targeting the Palestinian people in a bid to wipe them off their roots and land.”

“Hezbollah denounces the horrific killing of this hero by occupation soldiers in Bireh town of the West Bank, in which dozens of bullets went into his blessed body,” the statement said, noting that the killing “indicates the level of spite by the Israeli enemy against anyone who raises the banner of resistance.”

Meanwhile, the Lebanese resistance party stressed that al-A’raj’s martyrdom proves that the Palestinian people are sticking to the resistance path, noting that the martyr had contributed to documenting the Israeli crimes against the Palestinians throughout the history.

“As Hezbollah offers its condolences to the martyr’s family and all the Palestinian people as well, it stresses the importance of supporting the resistance in Palestine in all means.”

Source: Hezbollah Media Relations

 

Israeli Police Beat Relatives of Freed Palestinian Prisoner

[ Ed. note – While the media are seemingly too busy braying over the latest Wikileaks revelations to give it much thought, the savagery of Israel’s occupation 0f Palestine goes on unabated. Is there any limit to Zionist brutality?  ]

Ma’an News

JERUSALEM (Ma’an) — Five Palestinians said they were pulled from their vehicles, violently assaulted, and detained by Israeli forces at a checkpoint in occupied East Jerusalem, after returning home from southern Israel where they had attempted to welcome home their relative who had just been released from Israeli prison.

Moussa Darwish was set to be released from Ktziot prison in the Negev region on Sunday after completing a 12-year sentence, but the newly freed man found Israeli intelligence officers waiting for him outside the prison, who immediately redetained him.

Israeli forces prevented the group of family and friends from approaching Darwish, after they had traveled from Issawiya in East Jerusalem and arrived to the prison.

They were notified that Darwish had been taken to Israel’s Russian Compound detention center back in West Jerusalem for interrogation. After several hours, Israeli forces again released Darwish.

However, Darwish’s friends and relatives — Ahmad Darwish, 52, Ibrahim Darwish, 42, Mansour Darwish, 28, Muhammad Ubeid, 25, and Saeb Dirbas, 23 — said that upon their return to Jerusalem, their three vehicles were “ambushed” by Israeli forces who had set up a flying checkpoint at the entrance to the city.

In an interview with Ma’an on Wednesday, Mansour Darwish, the former prisoner’s cousin, said that their group encountered a crippling traffic jam caused by the checkpoint.

“When we tried to pass the checkpoint, our cars were stopped one after the other. Without even asking for our IDs or driving licenses, they made us step outside, and officers from the Israeli police special Yasam unit started to beat us violently — and we had no idea why.”

Continued here

Palestine news

The Palestinians and the “State” Delusion

By: Rashid Shahin

After over 20 years of the futile “negotiations” the whole world (including the Palestinians) agrees that it has been fruitless.  It was aimless negotiations but a waste of time during which the occupation state of Israel has succeeded to shuffle the occupied land upside down and create deep demographic changes through accelerating the settlement that has never been done before.

Despite all the facts on the ground, some still hope to believe in that mirage and works to revive life in the dead body of the Oslo Accord. Still, some Palestinians are looking for an exit of some sort that would save them some self respect, or what has remained from their self respect, to prove that they can get something from a process that has resulted in nothing but more land grab, building settlements for more settlers obsessed with Talmudic heresies.

When talking of negotiations between enemies, it should be agreed upon from the beginning that there is a possibility for each party to recognize the other which  doesn’t exist in the Palestinian-zionist case. The Zionist party and since the very beginning of the struggle doesn’t recognize the existence of the Palestinian people, in the first place which was very clear from their deceptive slogan that was created in the early twentieth century of “a land without people to a people without land”.

bloody

Accordingly, the Palestinian leadership should take this in consideration and understand the fact that the Oslo process will never lead to a durable or comprehensive peace with the Zionists, with a state that was created initially by terrorist groups who committed heinous crimes in documented massacres against the Palestinian people to establish their atrocious states built on Talmudic heresies, on the rubble of the Palestinian people.

Gambling to reach to any peaceful agreement, even at the minimum level, with the Zionist state of gangsters (especially at the deteriorating Arab situation) is more futile than it was at the beginning of the Oslo process in Madrid Peace Conferencesupported by the first Intifada which was continued secretly later on in the suspicious Oslo Agreement.

Trying to copy the Iranian style (of negotiating) and identifying with it can’t work in the Palestinian case and dragging the situation into the Syrian case is a leap into the unknown.

Working at going back to the same futile negotiations again is nothing but a fruitless game that should be stopped especially after the facts on the ground imposed by the Zionist occupation, which is very clear not only to the Palestinian people in the street but also to all the world leaders.

Finally, we think that the status cue is a thousand times better than pursuing the mirage of the endless negotiations, especially it is clearer now (which is a fact that we should admit) that the Zionist occupation state is not intending to reach to a peaceful settlement for the struggle, and it is not ready ( as it has never been  before) to agree that the Palestinians get an independent state with Jerusalem its capital, and needless to mention the Palestinian refugees and the Right of Return.

The utmost reconciliation that the Zionist state might be willing to is to give the Palestinians an “expanded” autonomy, or a state with two different statuses, one to include the West Bank with annexing some of the bordering Palestinian towns that the Zionists want to get rid of, which is a typical racist style. OR, full occupation and annexing the West Bank. Accordingly we call to stop those futile negotiations with the Zionists that will end into nothing for the Palestinians.

 

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