الأيام الفاصلة بين مشروعيْنِ كبيرَيْنِ

مايو 1, 2018

ناصر قنديل

– مهما تلوّنت الصراعات وتبدّلت وجوهها وتموضعت في ضفافها قوى ملتبسة الهوية، تبدو المنطقة في مواجهة مفتوحة منذ انتصار الثورة الإسلامية في إيران ورفع إمامها لشعار اليوم إيران وغداً فلسطين، فيما كانت «إسرائيل» تفوز بإخراج أكبر دولة عربية هي مصر، من خارطة الصراع عبر بوابة كامب ديفيد، لتصير هذه المواجهة منذ عام 1979 بين مشروع عنوانه مقاومة «إسرائيل» ومشروع مقابل اسمه تشريع اغتصاب «إسرائيل» لفلسطين والتطبيع معها، ومثلما تقف إيران كقاعدة استراتيجية لمشروع المقاومة الذي يضمّ إليها سورية وقوى المقاومة في لبنان وفلسطين، تقف أميركا كقاعدة استراتيجية لمشروع تشريع «إسرائيل» والتطبيع معها، ومعها عرب تتقدّمهم علناً دول الخليج وفي طليعتها السعودية، وتقف «إسرائيل» طبعاً، ومعها دول الغرب ودول إقليمية وعربية.

– مثلما كانت الحرب التي خاضها النظام العراقي السابق على إيران بتمويل خليجي ودعم أميركي غربي حلقة من حلقات هذه المواجهة وانتهت بالفشل، كان اجتياح «إسرائيل» للبنان حلقة من حلقات هذه المواجهة، وكانت أميركا حاضرة بقواتها المتعددة الجنسيات ومعها فرنسا وبريطانيا وإيطاليا، ورعايتها لاتفاق السابع عشر من أيار، وكانت السعودية حاضرة باحتضانها الاتفاق بالقمة العربية في الدار البيضاء. وجاءت الحصيلة تباعاً من انتفاضة السادس من شباط عام 1984 وصولاً لتحرير الجنوب في العام 2000 لتتكرّس هزيمة هذه الحلقة الفاصلة المشروع الأميركي. كذلك كانت حرب العراق واحتلاله مقدمة لإخضاع سورية وإيران حلقة من حلقات هذه المواجهة. وجاءت أميركا مباشرة هذه المرة لتأديب قوى مشروع المقاومة. وجاءت الحصيلة بالفشل الأميركي في تحقيق الهدف فصمدت سورية وصمدت إيران. والأهم صار العراق نفسه مشكلة لأميركا.

– الحرب على سورية بقدر ما كانت حرباً على سورية بذاتها، كانت حرباً بين هذين المشروعين ومكانة سورية بينهما. وها هي الحرب ترسم مساراً ثابتاً للاحق تطوّراتها باتجاه لم يعُد ممكناً تغييره. وهو اتجاه خروج سورية معافاة من محنتها، وقيامة دولتها أشدّ قوة وأكثر التزاماً بثوابتها وخياراتها، وموقعها في خيار المقاومة، ومثلها الحرب على اليمن حرب بين هذين المشروعَيْن. وقد قال وزير خارجية الحكم المدعوم سعودياً في اليوم الأول للحرب أن «إسرائيل» تستطيع الاطمئنان بأن صواريخ الحديدة التي تهدّد أمن «إسرائيل» في إيلات سيتمّ تدميرها، وها هي الصواريخ تتحوّل أداة ردع تهدّد العاصمة السعودية.

– الملف النووي الإيراني مفردة من مفردات هذه المواجهة، فلو لم تكن إيران قاعدة لمشروع المقاومة لما كان امتلاكها للطاقة النووية ولا حتى لسلاح نووي أسوة بباكستان والهند مشكلة. ويوم توقفت المفاوضات حول هذا الملف في آب 2012 بعد جولة بغداد، معلوم أن واشنطن كانت قد عرضت تشريع الملف النووي الإيراني مقابل تعديل الموقف الإيراني في سورية وما يرمز إليه من تموضعها كقاعدة لمشروع المقاومة. ومثل الملف النووي الإيراني المواجهة مع روسيا تدور في قلب هذه المواجهة التي يشكل مشروع المقاومة عنوانها، فقد عرض على روسيا الكثير من المكاسب والمصالح كدولة عظمى في سورية وغير سورية مقابل إخراج إيران وقوى المقاومة، وتعرّضت روسيا لمخاطر وتهديدات وعقوبات لدفعها للتخلّي عن تموضعها مع إيران وسورية والمقاومة في المنطقة. وهي ترى في هذا التموضع تعبيراً عن تمسكها بكسر الهيمنة الأميركية وحماية خيار الاستقلال الوطني لدولتها وللدول التي تشبهها في هذا التمسك.

– نقل السفارة الأميركية إلى القدس إحدى خطوات قلب هذه المواجهة تحت عنوان التشريع والتطبيع، وصفقة القرن مثلها، والغارات الإسرائيلية والعدوان الأميركي كذلك، وما تشهده الانتخابات النيابية في لبنان والعراق مفردات إقليمية دولية بلباس محلي في قلب هذه المواجهة. فتُصرَف الأموال وتنظم الحملات الإعلامية لخدمة إنتاج موازين قوى في لبنان تحاصر المقاومة، وفي العراق موازين تشرّع بقاء الاحتلال الأميركي، وبالمقابل مواصلة الجيش السوري لحرب التحرير ومسيرات العودة الفلسطينية مفردات في هذه المواجهة، ومثلهما صمود اليمن ونجاحه في إنتاج توزان الردع والرعب رغم الآلام والجراح والحصار والمرض والجوع.

– الأيام المقبلة فاصلة في هذه المواجهة، والواضح أن واشنطن تستعدّ لملاقاتها بالابتعاد عن قلب الطاولة الذي كانت تهدّد به وتبحث عن مخارج حفظ ماء الوجه والتفرّغ للملف الكوري الشمالي، فيما تعيش «إسرائيل» والسعودية على نار القلق والخوف، وتنتظر إيران وسورية والمقاومة ملاقاة الاستحقاقات بثقة واطمئنان. وفي حزيران سيظهر المطمئن بأسه ويظهر الخائف والقلق ضعفه، وما يبدو تصعيداً واستفزازاً من جهة لقلب الطاولة قبل حزيران، سيفشل عبر ملاقاته ببرود أعصاب يخطئ مَن يقرأه ضعفاً، لأنه سيرى في حزيران وما بعده صورة القوة الحقيقية والضعف الحقيقي. فمشروع المقاومة الذي حقّق خلال أربعة عقود تراكماً من الانتصارات يعرف كيف يصونها، ويعرف أنها علامات تغييرات جوهرية في الموازين لا تحتاج الاستعراض لإثباتها بل الثبات الهادئ للحفاظ عليها.

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Syria will be the cemetery of those who will respond to Trump سورية مقبرة الذين سيلبّون نداء ترامب

Syria will be the cemetery of those who will respond to Trump

أبريل 30, 2018

Written by Nasser Kandil,

The additional details given by the US President about the project of the withdrawal from Syria through a Tweet which many people doubted of  its credibility,  his reassuring them in denying the speech of the French reckless President Emmanuel Macron who claimed that he persuaded Trump to abandon the decision, and then his explanation in details the alternatives that will take over the mission,  give the decision of withdrawal credibility and make it more accurate than the  aggression on Syria in drawing the future of the US role in Syria.

Trump asks the Arab countries to send their armies to replace the US troops in eastern Syria. The information published in the US Wall Street Journal revealed a surprise that is represented in the call of the administration of the US President Donald Trump from Egypt to send its forces to Syria ” it indicated that the National Security Adviser in the administration of the US President Donald Trump John Bolton has contacted the Egyptian Intelligence Chief Abbas Kamel to know the willingness of Cairo to participate in an initiative to form a joint Arab force that compensates the probable withdrawal of the US troops from Syria”. It is known that Egypt which differs from the Gulf countries in its preservation of its relations with the Syrian government links any military participation with a Syrian political settlement that requires sending observers under the acceptance of the government and the opposition in Syria. But most importantly is the fact that Egypt provokes Turkey’s outrage and maybe the presence of its forces on the Turkish borders and in the Kurdish areas will lead to a war that Washington does not want, just for that the newspaper published that the US officials said that” Trump’s administration asked Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and UAE to pump billions of dollars and to send military forces to restore the northern of Syria”. It said that “Egypt’s intention to support this initiative is still unclear” It added that ” the Egyptian army which is one of the largest armies in the Middle East is already fighting a branch of ISIS in Sinai and securing the wide desert borders between Egypt and Libya which are under the control of mixed armed militias” . It added that” Egypt has rarely deployed armed forces outside its borders since the Gulf War 1991, in addition to the fact that the government ensures that it is not biased to any party in the Syrian crisis.

Turning to the Gulf countries in request for a military presence or to finance mercenaries seems the intended plan.  The British Guardian newspaper which warned of sending Arabs forces to Syria to replace the US troops there ensures that “such of this proposal faces substantial obstacles and could potentially exacerbate the conflict” describing it with ” inapplicable” It added that ” Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are bogged down in a brutal war in Yemen since 2015, and have little manpower and few military resources to spare” It indicated that they are also locked in a dispute with Qatar, another potential contributor to a force, while Egypt is much closer to the regime of Bashar al-Assad in Syria than its would-be Gulf partners”. It clarified that the US Department of Defense has already refused a similar request last year, to replace US troops with private contractors in Afghanistan”. “But Bolton has argued that the US has taken too much of the military burden in Syria and Arab states should supply troops and material assistance in the fight against Isis.”

The Gulf financial or military option seems serious. The message waiting for the two options as summarized by a source of the East Euphrates Front is that Syria will be the cemetery of the two options together; it prepared the decent reception with a quick return by coffins. Maybe testing these two options will be an opportunity for Syria to declare its victory over the tripartite international terrorist Gulf aggression at once.

Translated by Lina Shehadeh,

 

سورية مقبرة الذين سيلبّون نداء ترامب

أبريل 20, 2018

ناصر قنديل

– أن يقدّم الرئيس الأميركي دونالد ترامب المزيد من التفاصيل لمشروع الانسحاب من سورية، بعدما أطلق الموقف بتغريدة شكّك الكثيرون في صدقيتها، وأعاد تأكيدها في تكذيب لكلام الرئيس الفرنسي المراهق إيمانويل ماكرون الذي ادّعى إقناع ترامب بالعدول عن القرار، ثم يشرح تفاصيل البدائل التي بشّر بها بكلامه عن حلفاء يتولّون المهمة، يمنح قرار الانسحاب صدقية ويجعله تعبيراً أدق من العدوان على سورية، في رسم مستقبل الدور الأميركي فيها.

– يتوجّه ترامب للدول العربية لإرسال جيوشها للحلول مكان القوات الأميركية شرق سورية، وتكشف معلومات نشرتها صحيفة «وول ستريت جورنال» الأميركية، عن «مفاجأة من العيار الثقيل، تتمثل في طلب إدارة الرئيس الأميركي دونالد ترامب إرسال مصر لقواتها إلى سورية «، مشيرةً إلى أنّ «مستشار الأمن القومي في إدارة الرئيس دونالد ترامب، جون بولتون تواصَلَ مع رئيس المخابرات المصرية عباس كامل، لاستطلاع مدى استعداد القاهرة للمشاركة في مبادرة لتشكيل قوة عربية مشتركة تعوّض الانسحاب المحتمل للقوات الأميركية من سورية». ومعلوم أنّ مصر التي تختلف عن دول الخليج بالحفاظ على علاقتها بالحكومة السورية تربط أيّ مشاركة عسكرية بتسوية سياسية سورية تستدعي إرسال مراقبين بقبول الحكومة والمعارضة في سورية، كما أنّ الأهمّ هو أنّ مصر تثير حفيظة تركيا بقوة وربما يتسبّب وجود قواتها على الحدود التركية وفي مناطق الأكراد إلى فتيل حرب لا تريدها واشنطن، ولذلك نقلت الصحيفة، عن مسؤولين أميركيين قولهم إنّ «إدارة ترامب طالبت السعودية وقطر و الإمارات بضخّ مليارات الدولارات، وكذلك إرسال قوات عسكرية لاستعادة شمال سورية»، معتبرةً أنّ «نية مصر دعم هذه المبادرة ما زالت غير واضحة المعالم»، مضيفة أنّ «الجيش المصري ، أحد أكبر جيوش الشرق الأوسط ، يقاتل بالفعل فرع داعش في سيناء ويؤمّن الحدود الصحراوية الواسعة بين مصر و ليبيا الواقعة تحت سيطرة خليط من الميليشيات المسلحة». وقالت الصحيفة إنّ «مصر نادراً ما تنشر قوات مسلحة خارج حدود البلاد منذ حرب الخليج 1991، بالإضافة إلى أنّ الحكومة تؤكد أنها لا تنحاز إلى أيّ طرف في الأزمة السورية «.

– التوجّه إلى دول الخليج طلباً للحضور العسكري أو لتمويل جلب مرتزقة يبدو هو التوجّه المعتمد، كما فصّلت صحيفة الغادريان البريطانية، التي حذّرت من فكرة إرسال قوات عربية إلى سورية لتحلّ محل القوات الأميركية بعد انسحابها من هناك، مؤكدة أنّ «مثل هذه الخطوة دونها عقبات كثيرة، وقد تؤدّي إلى تفاقم الصراع»، واصفة تلك الفكرة بأنها «غير قابلة للتطبيق»، وأضافت: «بالنسبة للسعودية و الإمارات ، فقد دخلتا حرباً وحشية في اليمن منذ عام 2015، وهما بالأصل ليست لديهما قوة بشرية كافية، فضلاً عن قلة مواردهما العسكرية»، لافتة الى أنّ السعودية والإمارات تعيشان اليوم صراعاً مع قطر، التي كان يمكن أن تكون قوة مساهمة في مثل هذا التشكيل المفترض، بينما تبدو مصر أقرب إلى النظام السوري من بقية شركائها في الخليج». وأوضحت أنه «سبق لوزارة الدفاع الأميركية أن رفضت طلباً، العام الماضي، حول إرسال قوات من المرتزقة إلى أفغانستان ، لكن فكرة إرسال قوات إلى سورية بدت أكثر جاذبية مع وجود شخص مثل جون بولتون ، مستشار الأمن القومي الأميركي ، الذي يرى أنّ الولايات المتحدة تحمّلت العبء العسكري في سورية، وأنّ الدول العربية يجب أن تقدّم الجنود والمساعدة المالية في الحرب ضد تنظيم الدولة».

– الخيار الخليجي المالي أو العسكري يبدو جدياً على الطاولة، والرسالة التي تنتظر الخيارين يلخّصها مصدر متابع لجبهة شرق الفرات، أنّ سورية ستكون مقبرة الخيارين معاً وقد أعدّت العدّة لاستقبال لائق بالقادمين لعودة سريعة بالتوابيت، وربما يكون اختبار هذين الخيارين فرصة لسورية لإعلان نصرها على العداون الدولي الخليجي الإرهابي المثلّث مرة واحدة.

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SYRIAN ARMY ATTACKS US-BACKED FORCES, ENTERS FOUR VILLAGES IN DEIR EZZOR

 29.04.2018

Syrian Army Attacks US-backed Forces, Enters Four Villages In Deir Ezzor

Source: sdf-press.com

On April 29, the Syrian Arab Army (SAA) and local tribal fighters launched a military operation against the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) on the eastern bank of the Euphrates River in Deir Ezzor capturing the villages of Junaynah, Jiyah, Shaqrah and Hoyqat ma’esha, according to the Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA).

The SDF acknowledged the attack in an official statement and said that its units backed by the US-led collation are now working to repel it. The US-backed forces also accused the SAA of hindering its war on ISIS.

Meanwhile, Syrian opposition sources claimed that the SDF was able to recapture the village of Jiyah following a series of US-led coalition airstrikes on the SAA troops in the village. According to the sources, 22 fighters of the SDF and the SAA have been killed in the clashes so far.

Syrian Army Attacks US-backed Forces, Enters Four Villages In Deir Ezzor

Kurdish and Syrian oppositions activists claim that the attack was led by the Iranian-backed Baqir Brigade, that had vowed to fight the US-led coalition on April 6. On the other side, Syrian pro-government activists said that the offensive had been planned by local Arab fighters who want to recapture their villages from the Kurdish-dominated SDF.

The SAA launched a similar attack on the eastern bank of the Euphrates River on February 7 in order to capture a key gas facility from the SDF. However, the attack failed when the US-led coalition responded with heavy bombardment killing dozens of pro-government fighters, including some Russian private military contractors.

Local observers believe that the new attack will end soon, especially that both the US and Russia are determined to avoid any direct military conformation in Syria.

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Trump’s “Smart” Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

 South Front

25.04.2018

On April 25, the Russian Defense Ministry held a press briefing providing more details on the April 14 cruise missile strike carried out by the US, the UK and France on Syria.

The Russian military revealed wreckage of the intercepted missiles and showed at least one unexploded Tamahawk cruise missile. It also added that two unexploded missiles (a Tomahawk and a high-accuracy air-launched missile) had been delivered to Russia from Syria. FULL TRANSCRIPT OF PRESS BRIEFING

According to the April 25 press briefing by the Russian military:

  • only 22 US, French, British missiles hit their targets;
  • 46 missiles were intercepted by Syrian air defense systems covering the capital of Syria and Duvali, Dumayr, Blai, and Mazzeh nearby airfields;
  • 20 missiles were intercepted in three areas of the responsibility zone of air defense of Homs;
  • a part of the missiles failed to reach their targets by different, apparently technical, reasons.

SF recalls that according to the Pentagon’s version of the events the US, the UK and France launched 105 missiles on Syria and all of them hit their targets.

Thus, if the Russian military’s statement is true, we have the following picture:

  • 105 missiles launched (according to the Pentagon)
  • 66 missiles intercepted (according to the Russian military)
  • 22 missiles hit their targets (according to the Russian military)
  • 2 unexploded missiles were delivered to moscow (according to the Russian military)
  • 15 missiles did not reach their targets (according to the Russian military)

It’s important to note that according to an initial claim by the Russian military made on April 14 the Syrian Air Defense Forces had intercepted 71 missiles launched by the US-led bloc. [MORE ABOUT THIS HERE: “SUMMING UP RESULTS OF US-UK-FRANCE STRIKE ON SYRIA: STATEMENTS, FACTS AND SPECULATIONS”]

The April 25 briefing provided the updated numbers. The pictures below are translated slides and photos showed by the Russian military during the press briefing:

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

In response to the Russian military’s press briefing, the Pentagon denied that any missiles involved in the April 14 strike failed or weere captured in Syria. Pentagon spokesman Eric Pahon told Business Insider “both claims are completely and totally untrue.”

CNBC provided more detailed comments from Pahon on the issue:

This is another example of the Russian disinformation campaign to distract attention from their moral complicity to the Assad Regime’s atrocities and the civilian carnage in western Syria,” Pahon wrote in an email. “The claims … regarding our target selection are absurd, as is the rest of the (TASS) article. On the Tomahawk, we have seen no proof, other than statements made to Russian state-owned media, that their claims are true. This is likely another smoke screen of propaganda to distract from the real issue at hand — the murder of innocent civilians by a murderous regime propped up by Russian backing.”

SF recalls that, according to the Pentagon, the 105 launched missiles hit the following targets:

  • 76 missiles – “Barzah Research and Development Center”
  • 22 missiles – “Him Shinshar Chemical Weapons Storage Site”
  • 7 missiles – “Him Shinshar CW Bunker”

While it’s up to the Pentagon to claim that Russia released no evidence confirming the missile interceptions, it’s interesting to note that the Pentagon has released no videos showing the moment of the missile strike on the targets in Syria. The only proof released by the US is the following satellite imagery:

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

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Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

Click to see the full-size image

Trump's "Smart" Missiles In Syria: Summing Up Evidence And Numbers Provided By Russia

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MORE PHOTOS OF TRUMP’S “SMART” MISSILES INTERCEPTED IN SYRIA

Earlier on April 25, the Russian Defense Ministry held a press conference showing US President Donald Trump’s “smart” missiles intercepted in Syria. Two unexploded missiles were even delivered to Russia from Syria, according to the military. MORE DETAILS

Here you can find more photos showing the wreckage of the intercepted missiles.

More Photos Of Trump's "Smart" Missiles Intercepted In Syria

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More Photos Of Trump's "Smart" Missiles Intercepted In Syria

Click to see the full-size image

More Photos Of Trump's "Smart" Missiles Intercepted In Syria

Click to see the full-size image

More Photos Of Trump's "Smart" Missiles Intercepted In Syria

Click to see the full-size image

More Photos Of Trump's "Smart" Missiles Intercepted In Syria

Click to see the full-size image

More Photos Of Trump's "Smart" Missiles Intercepted In Syria

Click to see the full-size image

More Photos Of Trump's "Smart" Missiles Intercepted In Syria

Click to see the full-size image

More Photos Of Trump's "Smart" Missiles Intercepted In Syria

Click to see the full-size image

More Photos Of Trump's "Smart" Missiles Intercepted In Syria

Click to see the full-size image

More Photos Of Trump's "Smart" Missiles Intercepted In Syria

Click to see the full-size image

More Photos Of Trump's "Smart" Missiles Intercepted In Syria

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Parts of the alleged Tomahawk cruise missile circulating in the Russian media:

More Photos Of Trump's "Smart" Missiles Intercepted In Syria

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More Photos Of Trump's "Smart" Missiles Intercepted In Syria

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More Photos Of Trump's "Smart" Missiles Intercepted In Syria

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More Photos Of Trump's "Smart" Missiles Intercepted In Syria

Click to see the full-size image

UPDATE: According to the April 25 press briefing by the Russian military:

– only 22 US, French, British missiles hit their targets;

– 46 missiles were intercepted by the Syrian Air Defense Forces;

– the rest of the missiles failed to reach their targets by different, apparently technical, reasons.

On April 25, the chief of the Russian General Staff’s main operations directorate Colonel-General Sergey Rudskoy held a press briefing debunking the Pentagon’s version of the April 14 missile strike on Syria.

During the press briefing, the colonel-general showed wreckage of the intercepted missiles and said that one unexploded Tomahawk cruise missile and one high accuracy air-launched missile launched by the US-led bloc had been delivered to Russia.

He added that according to the updated data only 22 missile hits on targets in Syria can be confirmed.

Earlier the Pentagon said that the US, the UK and France had launched 105 missiles and all of them had hit their targets in Syria.

The Russian military says that 71 missiles were intercepted by the Syrian Air Defense Forces.

ما جدوى حديث الغرب عن الحلّ السياسي في سورية؟

أبريل 24, 2018

العميد د. أمين محمد حطيط

ظنّ من ارتكب العدوان الثلاثي على سورية أنه سيرهبها وحلفاءها في محور المقاومة وروسيا، وأنه بالتهويل السابق للعدوان وبـ «الصواريخ الذكية واللطيفة والحديثة» على حدّ زعم ترامب، قادر على انتزاع ما عجز عن تحقيقه طيلة سنوات سبع من عمر العدوان على سورية.

بيد أنّ نتائج العدوان المبتدأ بتلفيق كيماوي والمنفذ بضربة صاروخية إجرامية وما بينهما من حرب نفسية، جاءت عكسية تماماً، لأنها بعد إخفاقها في تحقيق أيّ هدف في الميدان، عقدت الأمر سياسياً وجعلت قوى العدوان في موقع الطرف المنعدم الثقة به كلياً والمرفوض في المشاركة بأيّ عمل سياسي يتصل بالبحث عن حلّ في الأزمة وحملت أو أتاحت لسورية وحلفائها الانتقال الى استراتيجية تطهير وتحرير شاملة تنفذ وفقاً لجدول أولويات يوضع في رأسه الفضاء الأمني اللصيق بدمشق وبشعاع يصل إلى 50 كلم على الأقلّ ويليه الفضاء الأمني الأوسط الذي يتركّز بشكل خاص على ريفي حمص وحماة، وسواه من المناطق الوسطى في البادية وانتهاء بالفضاء الاستراتيجي الحدودي على اتجاهاته الأربعة شاملاً الاحتلالات الأجنبية من أميركية وتركية وإسرائيلية وأيّ وجود أجنبي وإرهابي معلن أو مضمر.

ونستطيع القول الآن وبعد الإنجاز الاستراتيجي الهامّ الذي حققته سورية في الغوطة الشرقية أنّ المشهد السوري تغيّر جذرياً وأنّ عملية التطهير والتحرير التامّ الناجز ستنطلق من محيط دمشق لتصلَ إلى الحدود من دون أن توقفها أو تعيقها صعوبة، وتعتمد مبدأ الحسم الميداني بأيّ شكل من الأشكال سواء تطلّب الأمر قتالاً وعملاً عسكرياً عالي الشدة، أو اكتُفي فيه بالعمل التفاوضي التصالحي المستند إلى منظومة العفو والمصالحة التي أرست أسسها واعتمدتها الحكومة السورية بقيادة الرئيس الأسد منذ بدء الأزمة أملاً منها باستعادة من ضلّ عن الجادة لإنقاذه من موقع كارثي أدخل نفسه فيه.

وعلى هذا الأساس بات لكلّ منطقة أسلوب تحريرها المناسب بقتال أو من غير قتال، وفقاً لما يختار المسلحون فيها، وهذا ما يسجّل اليوم وفي الآن معاً في كلّ من الحجر الأسود والقلمون الشرقي. ففي حين أنّ صراع الإرهابيين في ما بينهم عطل الاتفاق والمصالحة في المكان الأول، كان الإذعان من قبل مسلحي القلمون الشرقي طريقاً للتحرير من غير قتال وإجلاء مَن رفض البقاء في بيته والانخراط بمقتضيات المصالحة بإجلائه الى موقع تكديس الإرهابيين بانتظار موعد هم ملاقوه في مواجهة الجيش العربي السوري قريباً، هذا إذا استمروا هناك حتى وصوله.

أما في العملية السياسية فإنّ شأنها اليوم اختلف عما كان قائماً جذرياً أيضاً، فإذا انطلقنا من فكرة أنّ الحلّ السياسي سيكون نتيجة حوار بين السوريين، فإنّ هناك فئة من السوريين الذين خرجوا على وطنهم ويُراد لهم ان يكونوا جزءاً من الحلّ رغم استمرارهم أداة بيد معسكر العدوان على سورية. وهنا التعقيد في الأمر، لأنّ هذا المعسكر بمستوياته المقرّرة فقد أوراق الضغط الأساسية التي كان يعوّل عليها لتمكّنه من فرض شروط وحصد مكتسبات شاءها منذ أن أطلق عدوانه. ولهذا سيحاول هذا المعسكر استعمال الأوراق الباقية على وهنها في وظيفة تفوق قدرتها على الإنتاج. وهو في موضع المرفوض أصلاً. وهنا ترسم صورة فيها أنّ معسكر العدوان لديه أوراق لا تناسب طموحه، ومعسكر الدفاع يتمسّك بحقوق لا يتنازل عنها أو يسلّم بشيء منها الى المعتدي.

ويزيد المسألة تعقيداً أنّ أوراق معسكر العدوان في طريقها للتعطيل او للإلغاء مع تقدّم العمل السوري في الميدان، رغم المحاولات المستميتة التي يبذلها المعتدون للاحتفاظ بها بيدهم او نقلها إلى يد أخرى برعايتهم، وهنا نطلّ على ما لدى المعتدي من أوراق فنتوقف عند التالي:

1 ـ ورقة النازحين واللاجئين السوريين الى الخارج، إن استمرار هؤلاء في أماكن لجوئهم خارج سورية يجسّد شاهداً على استمرار الأزمة، ويشكّل برأي المعتدي ضغطاً على الحكومة السورية، ولذلك يعملون كلّ ما يستطيعون لمنع حلّ مشكلة النازحين أو تسهيل عودتهم الى منازلهم، رغم ما توفّره الحكومة السورية من تسهيلات على شتّى الصعد. كلّ مَن يعرقل عودة نازح إنما يخدم أعداء سورية إن لم يكن أصلاً خصماً أو عدواً لسورية وللشعب السوري أياً كان وأياً كانت خلفيته .

2 ـ ورقة الضغط الاقتصادي وما يسمّونه عقوبات على النظام السوري. صحيح أن هذه الورقة تؤلم. وتضرّر منها الشعب السوري كثيراً، لكن سورية تكيّفت مع الوضع وها هو سعر صرف الليرة السورية شاهد بتحسّنه على ذلك.

3 ـ ورقة ما تبقى من مجموعات إرهابية في ادلب وخارجها. تبذل أميركا ومعها أتباعها الإقليميون الدوليون ما في وسعها لمنع الجيش العربي السوري من متابعة تصفية الإرهاب، في ما تبقى من أرض سورية يقيم عليها وهي لا تتجاوز الـ 15 في المئة من المساحة السورية التي كان يسيطر عليها، لكن القرار السوري الحاسم كما قدمنا واضح في متابعة الحرب على الإرهاب وليس مثل الغوطة الشرقية ببعيد.

4 ـ ورقة الاحتلال خاصة الاحتلال الأميركي والتركي واليد الإسرائيلية في منطقة الجنوب الغربي، احتلالات قائمة مع التلويح بمشاريع تقسيمية بأشكال متعددة تبدأ بالقول بالحكم الذاتي وتمرّ بالفيدرالية وصولا الى الانفصال الناجز. وفي المقابل بات لدى سورية من القوة والقدرات ما يجعل كل هذه المشاريع ساقطة على أصلها غير قابلة للولادة على قيد الحياة.

هذه الأوراق التي يتمسك بها العدوان من أجل الضغط على سورية وإجبارها على القبول ببيان جنيف الأول بيان 2012 الانتدابي الاستعماري ، تحت طائلة منع تسهيل الحل على أساس أي وثيقة أخرى بما فيها القرار 2254 . هذا البيان الانتدابي الذي احتشدوا في السويد لإحيائه بالأمس ويهمون للاجتماع في بروكسل غداً لإعطائه شحنة تحرّكه، هو بيان عفا عليه الزمن وبات المعتدون أمام خيارين الآن: إما القبول ببيان سوتشي الاستقلالي والعمل بموجبه بصرف النظر عن المكان الذي يستأنف فيه التفاوض، والانتظار حتى تتآكل الأوراق التي بيدهم الواحدة تلو الأخرى وعندها لن يكون الأمر بحاجة الى بيانات ومواقف ويكون الوضع مستجيباً لبيت الشعر العربي «السيف أصدق إنباء من الكتب»، وعلى العاقل أن يفهم أن مسار الأزمة السورية بعد تحرير الغوطة اختلف جذرياً عما قبله وعليه أن يأخذ بهذا على أقصى محمل الجدّ.

ومع هذا القرار السوري التحريري الموضوع موضع التنفيذ الجدّي والصارم والمدعوم من قبل حلفاء أقوياء صادقين لن يكون قلق أو خشية أو خوف من كلّ ما يروّج العدو والخصم من قول بفصل درعا أو إحلال قوات عربية مكان قوات أميركية تهمّ بالرحيل قبل أن تنفجر المقاومة بوجهها، أو استعداد تركي للتوسّع الاحتلالي نحو تل رفعت أو إدلب أو سعي غربي للمحافظة على داعش في شرق سورية. فكلّ هذه الأهداف أدرجت في لائحة الأولويات السورية للعمل العسكري الذي لا يخرج في بعض المناطق عن ضرورة الأخذ بعنصر المفاجأة.

أستاذ جامعي وباحث استراتيجي

مقالات مشابهة

Lies and Deception in the Failed US Strike on Syria

Lies and Deception in the Failed US Strike on Syria

Lies and Deception in the Failed US Strike on Syria

At 4am on April 14, the United States, France and the United Kingdom executed a strike on Syria. The Syrian Free Press reported:

US Navy warships in the Red Sea and Air Force B-1B bombers and F-15 and F-16 aircraft rained dozens of ship- and air-launched cruise missiles down on the Syrian capital of Damascus, an airbase outside the city, a so-called chemical weapons storage facility near Homs, and an equipment-storage facility and command post, also near Homs. B1-Bs are typically armed with JASSM cruise missiles, which have a 450 kg warhead and a range of 370 kms. US Navy warships launched Tomahawks, which have 450 kg warheads and an operational range of between 1,300 and 2,500 kms. The British Royal Air Force’s contingent for the assault consisted of four Tornado GR4 ground-attack aircraft armed with the Storm Shadow long-range air-to-ground missile, which the UK’s Defense Ministry said targeted ‘chemical weapons sites’ in Homs. These weapons have a range of 400 kms. Finally, France sent its Aquitaine frigate, armed with SCALP naval land-attack cruise missiles (SCALP is the French military’s name for the Storm Shadow), as well as several Dassault Rafale fighters, also typically armed with SCALP or Apache cruise missiles. According to the Russian defense ministry, the B-1Bs also fired GBU-38 guided air bombs. Undoubtedly weary of the prospect of having their aircraft shot down after Israel lost one of its F-16s over Syria in February, the Western powers presumably launched their weapons from well outside the range of Syrian air defenses, with all the targets located just 70-90 kms from the Mediterranean Sea, and having to fly through Lebanon first.

Recapping the information on the strike, the US and its allies used the following assets:

● 2 destroyers (USS Laboon, USS Higgins)

● 1 US cruiser (USS Monterey)

● 1 French frigate (Georges Leygues)

● 5 Rafale jets

● 4 Mirage 2000-5F

● 4 British Tornado fighter-bombers

● Virginia-class submarine USS John Warner

● 2 US B-1B bombers

Their ordnance brought to bear consisted of the following:

● The cruiser Monterey launched 30 Tomahawk missiles

● The destroyer Higgins 23 Tomahawks

● The destroyer Laboon 7 Tomahawks

● The submarine John Warner 6 Tomahawks

● 2 B-1 bombers 21 JASSM missiles

● 4 British Tornado GR4 fighter bombers 16 Storm-shadow missiles.

● The French Languedoc fired 3 MdCN land-attack missiles.

The US Pentagon reports the strike group targeted:

– 76 missiles at the Barzah research center in Damascus:

(Source)

– 22 missiles at an undefined “chemical” structure:

(Source)

– 7 missiles against an undefined “chemical bunker”:

(Source)

The Syrian anti-aircraft forces responded, firing a total of 112 air-defence missiles:

● the Pantsyr system fired 25 missiles and hit 24 targets;

● the Buk system fired 29 missiles and hit 24 targets;

● the Osa system fired 11 and hit 5 targets;

● the S-125 system fired 13 missiles and hit 5 targets;

● the Strela-10 system fired 5 missiles and hit 3 targets;

● the Kvadrat system fired 21 and hit 11 targets;

● the S-200 system fired 8 and hit no targets.

(Source)

The Russians have stated that the target of the raids and the effectiveness of the missiles have resulted in a big fiasco for the Americans:

● 4 missiles were launched targeting the area of the Damascus International Airport; these 4 missiles were intercepted.

● 12 missiles were launched targeting the Al-Dumayr Military Airport; these 12 missiles were intercepted.

● 18 missiles were launched  targeting the Bley Military Airport; these 18 missiles were intercepted.

● 12 missiles were launched targeting the Shayarat Military Airport; these 12 missiles were intercepted.

● 9-15 missiles were launched  targeting the Mezzeh Military Airport; 5 of them were intercepted.

● 16 missiles were launched targeting the Homs Military Airport; 13 of which were intercepted.

● 30 missiles were launched targeting targets in the areas of Barzah and Jaramani; 7 of which were intercepted.

The effectiveness of the attack is called into question, especially in light of the prompt reaction of the civilian population that took to the streets in support of Bashar al Assad and the Syrian government only a few hours after the US-led attack.

(Celebrations the morning of the 14th of April in Umayyad Square, Damascus )

What emerges immediately from the Syrian/Russian and American narratives are contrasting assessments of the outcome of the attack.

We can certainly try to dispute some statements. The Americans repeated that at least two chemical-weapons laboratories together with a chemical-weapons storage center were affected. As evidenced by the images shot by PressTV a few hours after the attack, the structure is destroyed but there are no chemical contaminations. To confirm this, the television operators were able to perform interviews and live footage a few meters from the site of the strike without experiencing any physical effects, which would have been impossible were the American version of events true, given that the release of chemical agents would have made the whole area inaccessible.

Further confirmation comes from Ammar Waqqaf interviewed on The Heat on CGTV, claiming that his relatives were about 500 meters from one of the alleged chemical-weapons research centers attacked by the Americans. Ammar says that even in this case, no chemical agent appears to have been released, thus disproving Washington’s claims.

Another important consideration concerns the targets. For Washington, the targets were limited to research laboratories (Barzah and Jaramani) and storage centers. But Moscow revealed that the objectives also included military bases as well as the civilian Damascus International Airport, namely: Al-Dumayr Military Airport, Bley Military Airport, Shayarat Military Airport, Mezzeh Military Airport, Homs Military Airport. These were mostly unsuccessful attacks.

In light of the foregoing, we can assume that the operational goal of the Americans was twofold. On the one hand, it was aimed at the media, to show a response to the (false) accusations of a chemical attack in Douma (Robert Frisk has just dismantled the propaganda and RT reminds us of the various false flags perpetrated by the US in the past to start wars); on the other, it was used by the military to actually permanently damage the Syrian Air Force, as suggested by the warmongering neocon Lindsey Graham. The failure of this latter objective could be seen in the following hours when the Syrian planes resumed operational tasks.

What does all this information tell us? First of all, the American goal was not to hit the non-existent chemical weapons or their production sites. The aim was to reduce as much as possible Syrian Air Force assets at different military airports. The mission was a failure, as reported by the Russian military envoy in Syria thanks to the air-defense measures of the Syrian forces as well as probably a high electronic-warfare (EW) contribution from the Russian forces present in the country. Very little has been leaked out in technical terms from the Russian Federation, which officially states that it did not contribute towards defending against the attack. It is probable that Russia played a decisive role in terms of EW, with its little-known but highly effective systems as demonstrated in previous attacks in 2017.

Moscow has no interest in promoting its cutting-edge EW systems, and often does not confirm the reports issued by more or less government agencies, as in the case of the USS Donald Cook in 2014. Yet Russia Beyond explains EW as probably being fundamental in foiling the American attack:

Before the electronic jamming system kicks in, the aircraft scans the radio signals in its zone of ​​activity. After detecting the traffic frequencies of the enemy’s equipment, the operator on board the aircraft enables the jamming system in the required bandwidth,” a defense industry source told Russia Beyond. In addition to onboard systems, there are ground-based Krasnukha-4 EW complexes stationed around the Khemeimim airbase, Russia’s key stronghold in the Middle East. Their purpose is to suppress enemy “eavesdropping” and weapons guidance systems. The Krasnukha-4 blinds enemy radar systems to targets at a distance of 250 km.

The general public is yet to understand that the American attack was a complete fiasco, much to the irritation of Lindsey Graham, thereby confirming Damascus’s narrative, which presented Syria’s response as decisive and effective.

The logic of the matter must also be considered. We know that the US and her allies launched 105 missiles aimed at various targets, including some military bases, but none of them hit the targets indicated, except for two buildings already emptied previously and a non-existent chemical-weapons depot. The Pentagon amplified the military report with the lie that only two research centers and a chemical-weapons depot were intentionally bombed with something like 105 missiles; this in order to account for the number of missiles launched and to drown out other assessments that contradict the preferred narrative. But it is ridiculous to believe that the US used 76 missiles to hit three buildings. A much more plausible explanation is that there were many more targets but only three of them were hit, this measly success carrying zero tactical or strategic importance.

We should ask ourselves what the real goal of Washington was. First, let us split the story into two parts. On the one hand we have a PR exercise, and on the other an intended military strategy. In the first case, Washington was able to pursue its self-assigned role as “protector of the weak”, like those victims of the alleged Douma chemical attack. The intended optics were those of a humanitarian intervention, in line with the West’s self-assigned role of regent of the post-World War II neoliberal world order. In reality, we know very well that US hegemony is based on millions of deaths in dozens of wars scattered around the globe. According to the fictitious narrative of the media, it all boils down to good-guys-versus-bad-guys, and Assad is the bad guy while the US is the good guy punishing the regime for the use of chemical weapons.

The success of PR exercise depends very little on the military outcome and much more on the story as told by the media. It is based solely on the affirmation of the role taken up by the US and her allies, that of being in the right and driven only by the noblest interests. But such a series of unreasonable lies has only served to drag the world into chaos, diminished the role of the mainstream media, and destroyed the credibility of practically the whole Western political class.

From a military point of view, however, the goals, intent and results show a far more disturbing result for Washington and her allies. Soviet-era weapons that were updated by Moscow and integrated into the Russian air defense infrastructure network severely degraded the effectiveness of the American attack. Washington wanted to ground the entire Syrian air force, hitting air bases with precision, but failed in this objective. It remains to be seen whether this attack was a prelude to something bigger, with the USS Harry S Truman Carrier Strike Group currently heading towards Syrian territorial waters. Following the logic of deconfliction with Russia, it seems unlikely that a more intense attack will occur, rumors even circulating that Mattis dissuaded Trump from targeting Russian and Iranian targets, being well aware of the risks in a Russian response.

Let us focus for a moment on the risks in this kind of scenario. We are told that it would have brought about World War Three. This is probably true. But the consequences could also entail something much worse for Washington than for the rest of the world. The rhetoric that an American attack on Russian forces in Syria would trigger a direct war between the two superpowers is certainly true, but perhaps it is wrong in its interpretation. The danger seems to lie less in the possibility of a nuclear apocalypse and more in exposing the US’s inability to go toe to toe with a peer competitor.

While we cannot (and hope not to) test this hypothesis, we can certainly join the dots. If Soviet-era systems, with a slight Russian modernization, can nullify an American attack, what could the Russian forces do themselves? They could probably even block an attack of the scale visited on Baghdad, where several hundred missiles were directed towards civilian and military targets. It would be highly unlikely in such a scenario for Washington to peddle the false propaganda of a successful attack with little in terms of bomb-damage assessment commensurate with the number of missiles launched.

Already in the April 14 attack, the explanation that 76 cruise missiles were directed against three buildings is ridiculous but is nevertheless sustained thanks to the lies of the mainstream media and the paucity of available information. However, when thinking of 500 Tomahawks launched with limited damage to the Syrian infrastructure, even that would be impossible to sell to a very ignorant and deceived public. It would be the definitive proof of the decline in American military effectiveness and the potency of Russian air-defense systems. Just like during Putin’s presentation of new weapons some months back, when the Empire feels its core (military power) is threatened, it simply dismisses such reports as false, in the process becoming a victim of its own propaganda.

Yet one would only need to listen to the words of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, Michael Griffin, in a conference at the Hudson Institute where he explained how Moscow and Beijing capabilities are far more advanced in hypersonic and supersonic missile defense and attack capabilities. He openly explained that Washington takes about 16 years to implement a paper-to-service idea, while its rivals in a few years have shown that they can move from concept to practical development, gaining a huge advantage over rivals like Washington.

The problem is inherent for the United States in its need to keep alive a war machine based on inflated military spending that creates enormous pockets of corruption and inefficiency. Just look at the F-35 project and its constant problems. Although Moscow’s spending is less than twelve times that of the United States, it has succeeded in developing systems like hypersonic missiles that are still in the testing phase in the United States, or systems like the S-500, which the US does not possess.

The S-300, S-400, P-800 anti-ship missiles and the 3M22 Zircon hypersonic missiles, in addition to EW, pose a fundamental problem for Washington in dealing with attacks against a peer competitor. The military in Washington are probably well aware of the risks of revealing the US to be a paper tiger, so they prefer to avoid any direct confrontation with Russia and Iran, more for the purposes of maintaining military prestige than out of a desire to avoid risking World War Three. If Russian forces ever were targeted by the US, in all probability Moscow would simply disable the electronics of the US ship rather than sinking it, leaving it to float in the Mediterranean uncontrolled for days.

The last fig leaf hiding the US military’s inadequacy rests in Hollywood propaganda that presents the US military as practically invincible. Accordingly, some sites have spread stories that Russia had been forewarned of the attack and that the whole bombing event was the same sort of farce as a year ago. In the first place, it is important to clarify that Moscow had not been given advanced warning of the targets, and the reason for this is simple: the attack was real and, as explained above, did not succeed precisely because of Moscow and Damuscus’s effective parries and blocks.

In reality, Washington has failed in its military strategy, and the media have turned to the usual propaganda of chemical weapons and the need to enforce justice in the world and proclaim a non-existent success. In the meantime, Moscow fine-tunes its weapons and prepares to deliver the S-300 to the Syrian state and its allies (Lebanon?), effectively limiting Washington’s ability to attack in the Middle East. This is a fitting conclusion for a story that has only damaged the status of the United States and her allies in the Middle East, bringing Syria closer to a final victory.

IN VIDEOS, PHOTOS: GOVERNMENT FORCES DEVELOPING MOMENTUM IN SOUTHERN DAMASCUS

South Front

21.04.2018

In Videos, Photos: Government Forces Developing Momentum In Southern Damascus

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Syrian government forces are increasing pressure on militants in the Yarmouk refugee camp area in southern Damascus. According to reprots, the Syrian Arab Army (SAA) and its allies have made a series minor advances against both ISIS and Hayat Tahrir al-Sham there. The goal of the effort is to force militants to surrender and to to accept a withdrawal agreement. MORE HERE

In Videos, Photos: Government Forces Developing Momentum In Southern Damascus

Click to see the full-size image

Videos:

Photos:

In Videos, Photos: Government Forces Developing Momentum In Southern Damascus

Click to see the full-size image

In Videos, Photos: Government Forces Developing Momentum In Southern Damascus

Click to see the full-size image

In Videos, Photos: Government Forces Developing Momentum In Southern Damascus

Click to see the full-size image

In Videos, Photos: Government Forces Developing Momentum In Southern Damascus

Click to see the full-size image

SYRIAN ARMY CAPTURES NEW POSITIONS FROM ISIS IN SOUTHERN DAMASCUS (VIDEO, PHOTOS)

On April 21, the Syrian Arab Army (SAA) and the Palestinian Liberation Army (PLA) continued their military operation against ISIS pocket south of the Syrian capital of Damascus.

They captured the al-Mujahedeen mosque in the southeastern part of al-Hajar al-Aswad district, according to Syrian pro-government sources.

Warplanes of the Syrian Arab Air Force (SyAAF) and the Russian Aerospace Forces supported the government advance carrying out a new wave of airstrikes against the fuel and ammo depots of ISIS in the al-Hajar al-Aswad district and the Yarmouk refugee camp.

The ISIS-linked news agency Amaq claimed that ISIS fighters had repelled two attack by the SAA on their positions in the southern parts of al-Qadam and Tadamon. ISIS fighters killed six soldiers of the SAA and captured their light weapons, according to the source.

Meanwhile, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) said that the negotiations between the Damascus movement and ISIS is still ongoing and said that the deal is near.

According to Syrian pro-government activists, ISIS accepted most of the demands of the Damascus government on April 20. However, the SAA and its allies will not stop their military operation until the terrorist group approves and fulfills all the demands.

Photos of the SAA attack on the ISIS-held pocket south of Damascus:

Syrian Army Captures New Positions From ISIS In Southern Damascus (Video, Photos)

By Damascus Now, click to see the full-size image

Syrian Army Captures New Positions From ISIS In Southern Damascus (Video, Photos)

By Damascus Now, click to see the full-size image

Syrian Army Captures New Positions From ISIS In Southern Damascus (Video, Photos)

By Damascus Now, click to see the full-size image

Syrian Army Captures New Positions From ISIS In Southern Damascus (Video, Photos)

By Damascus Now, click to see the full-size image

Syrian Army Captures New Positions From ISIS In Southern Damascus (Video, Photos)

By Damascus Now, click to see the full-size image

Syrian Army Captures New Positions From ISIS In Southern Damascus (Video, Photos)

By Damascus Now, click to see the full-size image

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