CLASHES ERUPT IN EASTERN YEMEN AS LOCAL TRIBES BLOCK SAUDI INFLUX OF MILITARY EQUIPMENT

Written by Ahmed Abdulkareem; Originally appeared at Mint Press

The latest incident came amidst a precipitous rise in tensions in eastern Yemen, where local residents have been grappling with an increasingly brazen military buildup by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Clashes Erupt in Eastern Yemen as Local Tribes Block Saudi Influx of Military EquipmentMercenaries allied with the Saudi-led coalition are pictured at the port of Aden in Aden, Yemen, Dec. 12, 2018. Jon Gambrell | AP

Fierce clashes have erupted between local tribes and Saudi forces supported by local mercenary groups in the Haat district of Yemen’s eastern Mahrah province. The clashes were sparked when local tribal members prevented Saudi shipping containers containing military equipment and household appliances from entering the country via al-Shihan border crossings with Oman, where Saudi Arabia plans to build a new military base.

Witnesses told MintPress News that the tribal groups stopped the trucks and checked them, then forced them to return. In the wake of this incident, fierce clashes erupted leaving Saudi mercenaries injured. Saudi warplanes could also be seen circling the skies above the area.

The latest incident came amidst a precipitous rise in tensions in eastern Yemen, where local residents have been grappling with an increasingly brazen military buildup by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Just last week, Saudi troops, tanks, and artillery arrived at the coastal area of Eienah, east of al-Gaydah, without coordinating with local authorities, a Yemeni official who spoke on condition of anonymity, told MintPress.

The attack has dangerous connotations for the region and comes less than six months after three protesters were killed by Saudi forces during a sit-in opposing the Saudi Coalition’s military buildup in eastern Yemen. Following the attack on the peaceful protest, local tribes in al-Mahrah vowed to take up arms against Saudi-led forces in order to prevent the construction of more checkpoints and military bases in their country.Al-Mahrah residents see the build-up of Saudi troops in the district as part of a pattern of malign and colonial Saudi policies in their country. Riyadh has deployed its forces in al-Mahrah under the guise of reconstruction and counter-smuggling operations. But Saudi forces have taken control of an increasingly long list of local government facilities, including the al-Ghaydah Airport, the Nishtun port, Sarfit, and the Shehn border crossing, as well as a number of coastal areas.Last week, Ali bin Salem al-Huraizy, al-Mahrah’s former deputy governor said: “The Saudis are determined to militarize the sea and land. They [Saudis] try to build a Saudi camp [base] every ten kilos.” He called on the people of al-Mahrah province to prepare to defend their sovereignty against Saudi Arabia by force of arms if necessary.The Deputy Chairman of the Organizing Committee for the peaceful sit-in, Aboud Qamasit, said that Saudi Arabia and its local allies have not shown any goodwill — quite the contrary, they increasingly build military bases in the province. He promised that al-Mahrah’s residents will continue to hold sit-ins and protests.The sit-in committee, which was formed by al-Mahrah residents, said in a statement on March 12 that Saudi Arabian forces kidnapped two civilians, taking them to al-Ghaydah Airport prison, a Saudi secret prison in the region, where dozens of detainees are subjected to serious abuses and assaults according to the sit-in committee.Ahmed Belhaf, a leader in the protest movement, said in a statement on March 2, that “there are an estimated 24 Saudi camps in the Ghaydah Airport operating under the supervision of the airport commander and training hundreds of extremist and terrorist militias.”Saudi Arabia launched a brutal military campaign in late 2017 against al-Mahrah, which borders Oman and has remained largely immune to the broader war in Yemen, as both the Houthis and other armed groups have little presence in the province. Saudi Arabia claims that arms smuggling operations by the Houthis are being carried out from Oman into Yemen via the al-Mahrah border crossing, though the Saudis have provided no evidence to back their claim, which Oman has repeatedly denied.

Saudi meddling in Mahrah politics

Clashes Erupt in Eastern Yemen as Local Tribes Block Saudi Influx of Military EquipmentProtesters in al-Ghaydah demand the expulsion of Saudi forces from the province. Photo | Ahmed AbdulKareem

A local Yemeni official who spoke on condition of anonymity said that Saudi Arabia has begun implementing a plan to eliminate Oman’s allies in the province, including the Mahri General Council, the largest opposition party to Saudi policies and plans in al-Mahrah, which is comprised of political and tribal forces and led by Sultan Abdullah bin Isa Al Afar, a key ally of Oman.In an effort to undermine local opposition to its military expansion in the region, Saudi Arabia plans to establish a new tribal council, replacing the Mahri General Council, which is to be led by Rajeh Said Bakrit. Bakrit was appointed by the Coalition as a governor of al Mahrah on November 27, 2017, to replace Mohammed Abdullah Kuddah after Kuddah spoke out against Saudi Arabia’s presence. The first phase of that plan includes monthly payoffs of 30,000 Saudi riyals ($8000) to 60 tribal elders and influential figures.Many strategic analysts see the Saudi plan as a way to apply pressure on Oman, which enjoys long borders and solid relations with the residents of al-Mahrah. Much to the dismay of Saudi Arabia and the UAE, Oman also enjoys cordial relations with Saudi rival Iran, a relationship that the Coalition is eager to undermine.In an effort to stem Saudi influence in the region, residents of al-Hawf, which lies east of al-Mahrah, announced the formation of a General Forum to bring area management back into the hands of local Mahrahi residents and organize civil projects in the area. The General Forum is being supported by the government of Oman and the effort is expected to spread to nearby districts.Saudi forces in eastern Yemen have recently been accused of planting monitoring devices into local communications networks — developed by a foreign engineering team and supported by Bakrit, according to a local official who spoke on condition of anonymity. The official said that the devices would allow Saudi forces to monitor and spy on residents and leaders who oppose the Saudi occupation and undermine the local opposition identifying and then assassinating or arresting its leaders.

Infiltration, assassination

Clashes Erupt in Eastern Yemen as Local Tribes Block Saudi Influx of Military Equipmental-Mahrah residents in the Hwaf district carry slogans rejecting the militarization of the province, the presence of militias, and Saudi intervention, Jan, 2019. Photo | Ahmed AbdulKareem

A Saudi military commander in al-Mahrah allegedly asked Bakrit to reveal the names of the most prominent leaders who oppose the Saudi presence in the province, threatening to ‘physically liquidate’ them. On Wednesday, members of a UAE assassination squad arrived in al-Ghaydah. The same squad is thought to be responsible for the assassination of 27 religious leaders in Yemen who opposed the Saudi-led occupation.Saudi Arabia has also launched a campaign to recruit hundreds of al-Mahrah’s young for a local security force, called the “Mahri Elite Forces” and modeled around other Coalition-backed mercenary forces operating in Yemen, including the Hadhrami Elite Forces in Hadhramaut province, the Shabwani Elite Forces in Shabwa, and the Pioneer Security Belt Forces (al-Hizam) brigades in Aden.The campaign has sparked dismay amongst al-Mahrah’s tribes, who held a meeting and issued a subsequent statement on Monday saying: “Trying to copy the bad experience of the security belts in Aden and transfer them to al-Mahrah would open the way for armed conflicts and undermine local authorities.” The tribes called on the young Mahrahis to refuse to join the Saudi forces, saying the creation of the paramilitary group would create a combustible environment that threatens to upset the local balance.Like many paramilitary forces created by the Saudi-led Coalition in Yemen, the Mahri Elite Force was formed by recruiting members from specific tribes, not on the basis of one national army for the country as a whole. The predictable impact has been to exacerbate tribal differences, revive the desire for revenge among tribes, and create the desire for separate states.Al-Huraizy said in a statement:

The UAE seeks through its armed formations to create a new situation that will enable the UAE to dominate Yemen, control its ports and capabilities, and rob the national decision, violate its sovereignty and bring the country into chaos.”

Saudi Arabia’s policies in eastern Yemen lack a realistic reading of dangers and consequences, according to Abaad Studies and Research Center, a Yemeni research center closely aligned with Saudi Coalition allies in the country. As Saudi Arabia dismantles traditional social structures, ideological systems, and political parties, militia alternatives have predictably emerged.Ahmed AbdulKareem is a Yemeni journalist. He covers the war in Yemen for MintPress News as well as local Yemeni media.

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Yemeni Army Spokesman: We Downed 19 Saudi Apache Copters during War

By Staff, Agencies

The Yemeni army announced that the country’s air defense managed to shoot down 19 Saudi Apache helicopters since the outbreak of the war in 2015.

Speaking at a press conference in Sana’a on Saturday, army spokesman Brigadier General Yahya Sare’e provided the figures regarding the four-year-long war on the impoverished Arab country.

Saudi Arabia and its allies have carried out over 250,000 airstrikes and dropped more than 500,000 bombs and missiles on Yemen, al-Masirah TV cited him as saying.

The aggressors’ warplanes fired at least 5914 cluster and phosphorus bombs at several Yemeni provinces, he added.

Sare’e also noted that a total of 22 countries have directly and indirectly been involved in the Saudi war, adding that Yemen is in possession of evidence suggesting the ‘Israeli’ role in the Western-backed offensive.

The spokesman further said that the Yemeni army has boosted its capability to manufacture weapons and stored ballistic missiles at its depots.

The Yemeni military, he stressed, managed to destroy over 7,000 armored vehicles, trucks, tanks and bulldozers belonging to the Saudi-led coalition.

Saudi Arabia and its regional allies, including the UAE, launched the devastating military campaign against Yemen in order to bring the Riyadh-backed former government back to power.

The invaders have, however, failed to achieve their objective in the face of Yemenis’ resistance.

The war has so far taken a heavy toll on the Yemen’s infrastructure, hospitals, schools, and factories.

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US Senate Passes Yemen War Resolution: No for Trump’s Support of Saudi War

By Staff, Agnecies

The Republican-controlled Senate has passed a resolution that would end US involvement in the Saudi-led coalition’s brutal war in Yemen, countering President Donald Trump’s support for the controversial conflict.

The Yemen War Powers resolution, which passed 54-46, blocks US forces from any involvement in the increasingly unpopular war without further authorization from Congress. Its backers have argued that US involvement in the conflict violates the constitutional requirement that Congress alone can authorize participation in war.

An earlier version of the resolution passed the Democrat-controlled House of Representatives but was rejected by the Senate; the resolution must now pass the House again before it is sent to the White House, where Trump has promised to veto it.

A small group of Republicans were willing to cross party lines to rebuke Trump over his support for a conflict the United Nations has declared a humanitarian disaster, which has killed tens of thousands of civilians and left half the population of Yemen on the brink of starvation.

US forces previously provided targeting support for coalition airstrikes and even mid-air refueling for coalition planes, until that practice was reportedly discontinued late last year.

The Yemen War Powers resolution also serves as a vehicle to pressure Trump to condemn the Saudi government over the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, which US intelligence agencies have pinned on Saudi Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

Meanwhile, revelations that interests connected with the Trump administration were in negotiations to sell the Saudis nuclear technology have shed new light on the president’s cozy relationship with the embattled kingdom.

Coalition forces led by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates have relentlessly bombed Yemen since 2015.

Half of Yemen’s population relies on food aid to survive, placing them in immediate danger of starving to death after coalition forces blockaded the port city of al-Hudaydah last year.

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So Much for Appreciating Women! Saudi Airstrikes Massacre 13 Children, 9 Women in Kushar

Source

By Staff

Saudi-led airstrikes have targeted two houses used as shelter for women and children during the latest round of clashes between Yemeni Army backed by Ansarullah fighters and Saudi-backed Takfiri militants in Kushar district of Hajjah province northern Yemen.

Sana’a – While the world has not finished celebrating International Women’s Day, women in Kushar district were looking for other houses to be used as a shelter to protect their children from mortar shells of Saudi-backed Takfiri militants and the coalition’s airstrikes.

On Saturday night, Saudi-led coalition waged heavy bombardments in a series of its almost two months of air campaign to support its militants who cut roads and odd jobs. Two air strikes in one hour killed 13 children and 9 women with another 19 women and children wounded.

Ahlam Okaiys, 13, and her friend Norah Al Zlayil, 13, and 14 women and children were in a house of Al Ahdab family. The house is located in an area far from fire battles, without thinking the reconnaissance drones are monitoring them.

It was on Saturday, at around 9:30 PM, an airstrike targeted a house, used as a shelter, for Al Hadi extended family of 25 children and women. Yemen’s Health Ministry said “six women and four children have martyred” from this family alone.

While Ahlam and Norah and the other women and children heard this air strike, Ahlam and Norah along with four women and their ten children managed to escape their near-by temporarily shelter that belongs to Al Ahdab family, for fear of being another target for Saudi indiscriminate air strikes.

Naser Omran, a rescue local, describing the incident said the women and their children run for a near-by farm to hide under trees. “But it was for no aveil,” Omran told al-Ahed News. “Just after an hour, the air strike targeted them [including Ahlam and Norah and the 14 children and their mothers].

Ahlam, Norah and 4 other children survived with severely wounds. “Four women and six children killed,” statement of Health Ministry read.

Due to the non-stop hovering of warplanes and reconnaissance drones, locals found it hard to do the work of rescue team.

Mission to Rescue “Ahlam” and “Norah”

Al-Ahed News has visited “48 Hospital” in Sana’a where Ahlam and Norah get treatment after being transferred to for treatment after 24 hours. We found Ahlam sits on the bed “unconscious”, but Norah died as soon as she arrived the hospital, according to medics.

Naser Omran, rescue and also a relative of Norah said paramedics could not reach the scene of the crimes since 9: 30 P.M. until early hours of Sunday.

So Much for Appreciating Women! Saudi Airstrikes Massacre 13 Children, 9 Women in Kushar

Mohsen Al Saeedy, medic and Director of the Department of diagnostic sections at 48 Hospital. ( Al-Ahed News – March 10, 2019)

“We traveled from Hajour at 8:00 a.m., but we arrived Sana’a only at 10:45 p.m.,” Omran told al-Ahed News. “We transported the wounded on private car for fear the ambulance car would be targeted.”

Mohsen Al Saeedy, medic at 48 Hospital in Sana’a said it was normal for Norah to die. “The case [Norah] died because of the delay that it took paramedics to transfer her to a hospital,” Al Saeedy told al-Ahed News.

Omran, told Al Ahed News that father of Norah is a medic who works at Kushar district. “He couldn’t treat her and safe her life. He suffers from trauma”.

Omran added, he was with Norah father at home, but women were gathered at Al AHdab house, that’s the house of Norah’s mother too.

Norah died, but Ahlam still on a bed at the hospital without knowing that her best friend Norah has martyred. Ahlam( means dreams in Arabic) has already lost her sister, Noor, 10, at the indiscriminate air strike on the farm they run from the house thinking it would safe their  lives.

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So Much for Appreciating Women! Saudi Airstrike Massacre 13 Children, 9 Women in Kushar

Ashwaq Saeed, medic at 48 Hospital southern Sana’a stands near Ahlam, 13, who survived the severely wounds but her sister Noor, 10,  martyred. ( Al-Ahed News – March 10, 2019)

Ashwaq Saeed, medic treating Ahlam told al-Ahed News while sitting near here bed on Monday afternoon: “the case [of Ahlam] suffers from wounds and pains at her eyes, and the knee (without specifying which one). She has injuries at the abdominal and the chest.”

“Ahlam injuries are minor”, she added, wishing Ahlam a quick recovery. “She has no escort, only a grandmother. She is in another room right now,” She said.

Ashwaq said Ahlam is an orphan, without giving details whether from her father or mother. Al-Ahed News couldn’t verify this information.

“We did not think we’d see it happen”

Since Yemeni army and popular committees of Yemen’s Ansarullah Movement have launched their operations against Saudi-backed Takfiri militias in Kushar of Hajjah province that is close to borders with Saudi Arabia Saudi media has since launched several media campaigns to back the militias.

In addition, the Saudi-led coalition has supported the militias with all logistics, thinking they could cut the road against the Yemeni army reinforcements reaching the front lines with the borders.

However, the Yemeni Army, the local tribes and Ansarullah fighters were able to surround the Saudi-backed militias, ending up last Friday with big defeat in the militias’ ranks. Local media has hailed the Saudi led coalition in its huge amounts of airdrops of weapons and food to back the militias.

However, in response to this defeat, Saudi-led coalition waged indiscriminate airstrikes on Kushar district of Hajjah. With locals saying it was hard for civilians to leave their homes and farms.

“We did not think we’d see it happen,” Naser Omran told al-Ahed News at the hospital, referring to this latest Saudi massacre. Omran, said, it is hard for him and others to displace and “leave our homes, farms, and livestock”.

“They’re not Houthis [Ansarullah] fighters, these are children and women” Omran noted.” They [Saudi Arabia coalition] want to target innocents and children”.

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New Saudi Massacre in Yemen: 20 Women, Children Killed

Source

By Staff

Nearly 5 years on the Saudi brutal aggression on Yemen, the Saudi killing machine continues to slaughter civilians amid an international silence.

In a new massacre, two dozen women and a child have been martyred in the latest round of Saudi airstrikes in Yemen.

Local sources, speaking on condition of anonymity, said Saudi warplanes bombarded residential buildings in Talan village of Kushar district in Yemen’s northwestern province of Hajjah on Sunday afternoon, leaving 20 women and a child dead, Arabic-language al-Masirah television network reported.

The sources added that the attacks leveled five houses to the ground. Locals were looking for possible survivors under the rubble.

Saudi warplanes also reportedly targeted ambulances, preventing doctors and paramedics from reaching the area.

The leader of Yemen’s Ansarullah movement recently said Yemeni women and children are being brutally killed by US and Western-made munitions used in the campaign.

For his part, the adviser of the Human Rights Ministry in Yemen stressed that the crime reflects the defeat of the aggression forces and tools.

“The United Nations organizations must carry its responsibility to investigate the facts and document the crimes of the Saudi aggression in Yemen,” he added.

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Arms sales to Middle East increase dramatically, research shows

Saudi Arabia’s arms purchases grew by 192 percent over 2014-2018 (AFP)

By 

in

New York, United States

Arms flows to the Middle East grew by 87 percent in the past five years and now account for more than a third of the global trade, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) said in a report on Sunday.

The defence think tank’s annual survey showed that Saudi Arabia became the world’s top arms importer between 2014-18, with a growth of 192 percent compared to the preceding five years.

Egypt, Algeria, the United Arab Emirates and Iraq also ranked in the top 10 list of global arms buyers.

The report shows how the United States and European nations sell jets, jeeps and other gear that is used in controversial wars in Yemen and beyond, SIPRI researcher Pieter Wezeman told Middle East Eye.

“Weapons from the US, the UK and France are in high demand in the Gulf, where conflicts and tensions are rife. Russia, France and Germany dramatically increased their arms sales to Egypt in the past five years,” said Wezeman.

The growth in Middle Eastern imports was, in part, driven by the need to replace military gear that was deployed and destroyed in Yemen, Syria, Iraq and Libya, said Wezeman.

It was also driven by tensions and a regional arms race, he added.

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The UAE, Saudi Arabia and Israel are readying for a potential conflict with Iran, said the 12-page report. Since 2017, the UAE, Saudi Arabia and others have rowed with Qatar in a rift, which, at times, looked like it could turn violent.

Between 2014-18, Saudi received 94 combat jets fitted with cruise missiles and other guided weapons from the US and Britain.

Over the next five years, it is set to get 98 more jets, 83 tanks and defensive missile systems from the US, 737 armoured vehicles from Canada, five frigates from Spain, and Ukrainian short-range ballistic missiles.

Between 2014-18, the UAE received missile defence systems, short-range ballistic missiles and some 1,700 armoured personnel carriers from the US as well as three corvettes from France, the report says.

Qatari imports grew by 225 percent over the period, including German tanks, French combat aircraft and Chinese short-range ballistic missiles. It is set to receive 93 combat aircraft from the US, France and Britain and four frigates from Italy.

Iran, which is under a UN arms embargo, accounted for just 0.9 percent of Middle Eastern imports.

For Wezeman, “the gap is widening” between Iran and its foes across the Gulf, which have more advanced weapons.

US remains top arms seller

The US has kept its position as the world’s top arms seller. Its exports grew by 29 percent these past five years, with more than half of its shipments (52 percent) going to customers in the Middle East.

British sales grew by 5.9 percent over the same period. A total of 59 percent of UK arms deliveries went to the Middle East — most of it combat aircraft destined for Saudi Arabia and Oman.

Arming governments in the turbulent Middle East is increasingly controversial in the West, said Patrick Wilcken, an arms control specialist with Amnesty International, a UK-based rights watchdog.

He pointed to cases where sales are merited – such as re-tooling Iraq’s army after it lost much of its hardware and territory during the so-called Islamic State (IS) group’s surprise attack in 2014.

But, more often, western arms end up being used in human rights abuses, he added, pointing to Egypt’s crackdown on opponents, Israel’s occupation of Palestinian land and the Saudi-led war in Yemen.

He blasted the “hypocrisy” of western governments not following their own rules by continuing to supply authoritarian leaders who commit wartime abuses or violations against their own people.

“A critical problem for the region is the emergence of armed groups like IS,” Wilcken told MEE.

A critical problem for the region is the emergence of armed groups like IS

– Patrick Wilcken, Amnesty International

“In Yemen, totally unaccountable militias are being armed and supported by the UAE and Saudi Arabia, which is setting the scene for a future period of instability and human rights violations.”

The problem has not gone unnoticed in western capitals.

In the US, lawmakers in both houses have passed resolutions to end US support for the Saudi-led coalition, though US President Donald Trump has vowed to veto the document if it reaches his desk.

In Britain, opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn has called for a ban on arms exports to Saudi. Last month, a parliamentary committee concluded that the UK was on “the wrong side of the law” by arming Riyadh.

In October, Amnesty released a report about French-built armoured vehicles being used by Egyptian government forces to “disperse protests and crush dissent” in crackdowns between 2012-2015.

Germany, however, has taken a stand. This week, it extended until the end of March a unilateral freeze on arms supplies to Saudi over its war in Yemen and the killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

This has caused a rift with Britain and France, its partners in European defence projects, as it puts a question mark over orders, including a $13.1bn deal to sell 48 Eurofighter Typhoon jets to Riyadh.

Jeff Abramson, a scholar at the Arms Control Association, an advocacy group, said the US should follow Germany’s example.

“Instead of being challenged, the US continues to claim a larger share of an expanding global arms market,” Abramson told MEE.

“As such, the US should take the lead in promoting responsible behavior, rather than encouraging trade to repressive and irresponsible regimes, such as those in Saudi Arabia and the UAE.”

Other findings

The report made other interesting findings.

These past five years, Turkey has increased exports of armoured vehicles, missiles and other gear by 170 percent, becoming the world’s 14th most important arms exporter and the second biggest in the Middle East, after Israel.

Saudi Arabia and the UAE were among Turkey’s top three importers of weapons in the past five years, despite Ankara being at odds with its customers over Khashoggi and the blockade on Qatar.

Continuing to buy arms from Turkey may be a bid by Riyadh and Abu Dhabi to keep ties with Ankara on track despite the rift, said Wezeman.

Also, Algeria increased its arms imports by 55 percent over the past five years, with shipments from Russia, China, Germany and elsewhere.

This made it the world’s fifth biggest arms importer despite only having a $168bn economy.

Algeria buys arms for military prestige, to tackle militants from neighbouring Libya and because of its “long-standing rivalry with Morocco”, said Wezeman.

Sipri measures the volume of deliveries of arms, not the dollar value of deals. The volume of deliveries to each country tend to fluctuate, so it presents data in five-year periods that a give a more stable indication of trends.

Mujtahid: Saudi’s King Salman Mentally Dead, MBS Fooling Media

March 8, 2019

King Salman MBS

Saudi activist Mujtahid revealed on Thursday that King Salman is mentally dead and knows nothing about the latest decisions taken by Crown Prince, Mohammed Bin Salman (MBS).

Mujtahid said in several tweets on Thursday that King Salman has no idea that Princess Reema bint Bandar bin Sultan was appointed as Saudi Arabia’s ambassador to the US, and that Prince Khaled bin Salman was announced as the Kingdom’s deputy defense minister.

“King Salman cannot contribute to decision-making since he is mentally dead and cannot remember anything,” Mujtahid said on his Twitter account.

Meanwhile, the Saudi activists, who is believed to be a member of or have a well-connected source in the royal family, noted that MBS wants to show that the king is conscious, pointing to the report published by The Gurdian British daily earlier this week.

“The report by The Gurdian on disagreements between King Salman and MBS is not but a trick by MBS to show that the King is mentally sound in a bid to defend himself from his local rivals.”

Source: Websites

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