New Colonialism and the Colonial Media

The seven Middle East wars of the last two decades mark a new colonial era, driven by a failing empire. But colonization is banned these days, so an ideological cover is needed, and with today’s highly literate populations that cover is provided by an embedded colonial media, backed up by a well-paid NGO sector.

This colonial media is required to recycle the new colonial myths, that vicious predatory invasions are ‘humanitarian interventions’, that terrorist proxy wars are ‘civil wars’ led by peaceful protestors, and that the independent target nations are simply illegitimate ‘regimes’ led by evil ‘dictators’.

That is why we see the durable, if hardly plausible, stories of Palestinian resistance to ethnic cleansing as ‘terrorism’; the invasion and occupation of Afghanistan as a war for the ‘rights of women’ (thank you George W. Bush and Amnesty International) and the repeated ‘false flag’ chemical weapons stunts in Syria (simply pretexts for further intervention), as the actions of a monster president who is (for some unexplained reason) ‘killing his own people’.

The colonial media could be characterized as an embedded state and corporate media sector, which seeks to normalize imperial war and sustain the myths of colonial interventions (in face of substantial reason and evidence) while demonizing independent states and dissident voices. Some criticism is allowed, so long as it does not support the resistance.

This sector has begun to include the giant corporations which control what had been a more diverse social media.

As the weight of global political-economic relations shifts eastwards – and as US industrial and financial power slides and the dollar is undermined – Washington has tried to reclaim its imperial mantle. It is a bold and bloody last stand.

Unlike the Europeans, the USA has always cloaked its imperial projects in the language of ‘freedom’. The fact that this theme has persisted across regimes of slavery, conquest and the purchase of entire nations represents quite an achievement, in both popular persuasion and verbal gymnastics.

That legendary doublespeak can be seen at work today, in the wars against Palestine, Afghanistan, Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Syria and Yemen. Those wars accompany the attempts to isolate Russia, China, and western Europe, which the paranoid American empire sees as its real competitors.

Washington’s grand strategy in the Middle East wars borrows traditional imperial aims. The first of these is to exclude potential ‘big power’ competitors from the resources-rich region, or rather to dictate the terms of their engagement.

The second is to destroy any independent political will in the region, dividing peoples with the help of its main regional agents, the sectarian and backward regimes of apartheid Israel and medieval Saudi Arabia.

While US interventions in the Americas stretch across two centuries, Washington’s first major intervention in West Asia was the 1953 coup in Iran, which imposed a US-backed dictatorship until the Iranian Revolution of 1979.

As a large, central and avowedly independent country, the Islamic Republic of Iran remains the key target of Washington and its regional minions. It has both the capacity and will to lead an independent coalition against Washington’s project for a ‘New Middle East’.

Many in the Middle East regard Israel as the principal enemy. However, this gives too much credit to the Zionist colony. As resistance leaders in Lebanon and Yemen have recently pointed out, the Zionist tail does not wag the imperial dog.

Israel does indeed contribute to colonial media and social media myth-making, but its repression at home undermines much of that.

The US-American colonial media remains central. Both major political parties are rooted in the same self-righteous ‘exceptionalism’, used to justify great crimes. The same large investment groups that dominate the US government also run the colonial media.

Yet in recent years it has been the ‘smart power’ of the ‘exceptionalist’ liberals which has proved more effective in today’s propaganda wars, attracting support from those westerners who like to see themselves as ‘saviours’ of the poor peoples of the world.

This colonial liberalism draws directly from British colonialism liberalism of the mid-19th century. ‘Civilising’ and ‘saving’ the natives are back in fashion.

By Tim Anderson
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Understanding the ‘Hebrew prophet’ from Palestine: Gilad Atzmon and His Philosophy

 

By  Adriel Kasonta

Source:  American Herald Tribune   

As we currently see, the Israeli-Palestinian relations have shifted from very bad to worse, giving very little hope (or non) for the two-State solution.

With Israel passing Jewish ‘nation state’ law (which is seen by many as a major shift towards legislated apartheid), the rising concerns of an anti-Semitic sentiment within the political ranks of the Labour Party in Britain, a struggle of the Jewish diaspora from all over the world to reject associating condemnation of Israel with antisemitism, and visible lack of interest of the MSM to acknowledge the right of ALL Jews and non-Jews to participate in those debates (which often results in prevention of the dissent voices from reaching the broader public), I wholeheartedly believe that it is desired to discuss these very important (and often inconvenient) topics with people of various opinions – but at the same time those who have deep understanding of the subject matter.

In this regard, I have approached probably the most accomplished and controversial jazz saxophonist, philosopher, novelist and anti-Zionist writer of our times – Gilad Atzmon.

Born in a secular Jewish family in Tel Aviv and grew up in Jerusalem, by some he is accused of being antisemitic and by others is perceived as the last ‘Hebrew prophet’.

Who is Gilad Atzmon? What does it mean to him to be an ex-Jew? What are, and what has shaped, his views? How looked his life in Israel and what has changed since that time? What can be done to end suffering of the Palestinian people? Does freedom of speech really exist?

These questions – and many others – were answered by my guest, so tune in!

Listen to Adriel Kasonta interviewing Gilad Atzmon here:

Part 1

Part 2

Filed under: "Peace with Israel", anti-semitism, AZZ, Britain, British Jews, Choseness, Colonialism, Freedom of Speach, Gilad Atzmon, Goyim, History, Holocaust, Jewish Crimes, Jewish culture, Jewish terror state, Jewishness, Labour Party, Nakba and ROR, Palestine, Palestinian Holocaust, self-hating Jew, Shalom, Two States Solution, Uprooted Palestinians, Zionism, Zionist entity | Comments Off on Understanding the ‘Hebrew prophet’ from Palestine: Gilad Atzmon and His Philosophy

The Nakba: Seventy Years of Oppression, 1948-2018

Posted on by samivesusu

GA: This interview with minister John Shuck and the words of Waddah Sofan brought tears to my eyes.

May 15th marks the 70th anniversary of Israel’s statehood. Palestinians refer to this as the Nakba, the Catastrophe, when more than 700,000 Palestinians left their homes from fear or were forcibly removed by Israelis who took their homes. On this 70th anniversary of the occupation, the people of Gaza have been staging a non-violent demonstration, The Great March of Return that culminates Tuesday the 15th.

According to the Middle Eastern Monitor“The demonstrations of the Great March of Return and Breaking the Siege started on 30 March 2018. Since then Israeli forces have killed 53 demonstrators and wounded more than 8,500 others.”

On this special edition of the Beloved Community, John Shuck’s guests will speak about the ongoing Nakba for the people of Palestine and Gaza from their unique perspectives.

Waddah Sofan was shot and paralyzed by Israeli soldiers during the First Intifada in 1989. Waddah lives in Portland and considers himself “part of Palestinian/American, Muslim, Middle Eastern, people of color and disabled communities.”

Gilad Atzmon, is a British Jazz artist and author.  Gilad writes on political matters, social issues,  Jewish identity and culture. He will be in Portland for a jazz concert May 14th and a talk on Truthfulness May 15th.

Retired Episcopal priest, Richard Toll, also of Portland, is president of the Board of Trustees of Friends of Sabeel North America (FOSNA). Rev. Toll received an honorary doctorate from the Church Divinity School of the School of the Pacific in Berkeley, California for his  commitment to justice and peace in the Holy Land.

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Filed under: Apartheid, Colonialism, Ethnic Cleansing, Gilad Atzmon, Israeli Aggression, Jewish culture, Jewish Lobby, Jewish Power, Jewish terrorism, Jewishness, Jews, Palestine, ROR, Zionist entity | Comments Off on The Nakba: Seventy Years of Oppression, 1948-2018

Neither East Nor West: A One Palestinian Palestine

Posted on by martyrashrakat
22-12-2017 | 15:30
When facts get blurry, returning to history can be useful. The colonialization of Palestine and its occupation by “Israeli” forces is not a saga based on which Palestinian grandparents make up stories to tell the new generations. In fact, these grandparents were exiled from their homeland, Palestine, where the “Israeli” apartheid entity was established and its immigrants came to become the settlers of these occupied lands.

Al-Quds

After more than 69 years to the plight of the Palestinians, and the day when the “Israelis” attacked Palestinians and committed the infamous Deir Yassin Massacre, US president Donald Trump announces his decision of moving the US embassy to Occupied Al-Quds [Jerusalem] and simply declares that Al-Quds to be the capital of the occupying apartheid regime. At least since the 1967 war, the United States has been “Israel’s” strongest advocate.


A Quick Historical Review

Al-Quds, the capital of Palestine, is an Arab and Muslim small country in the Asian continent that has a very sensitive strategic location owing to its history, geography, and the fact that it is the cradle of different civilizations and religions.

For Muslims, Al-Quds was the first qibla, before the Kaaba in Mecca. This spot was the place from which Islam’s Prophet Muhammad proceeded on his journey, described as the ascension to heaven in Islamic literature. It is also the place in which Jesus called for Christianity, shared the Last Supper with his disciples. Historically speaking, Al-Quds has generally been the site for Muslim pilgrimage, prayer, study or residence. Al-Aqsa Mosque was a particular seat of learning.

This city, where people from the different faiths lived together, became witness to the worst crimes committed by the “Israeli” apartheid entity which was established in 1948 by virtue of the Balfour agreement, which was set up by Britain in the course of World War I. The roots of the idea of establishing an “Israeli” apartheid entity goes back to decades earlier. In 1896, Theodor Herzl, a Jewish journalist living in Austria-Hungary, published the foundational text of political Zionism, Der Judenstaat [“The Jews’ State” or “The State of the Jews”], in which he asserted that the only solution to the “Jewish Question” in Europe was the establishment of a state for the Jews.

It is worth mentioning that in 1916, when Palestine was still under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, the Jews back then were not Zionists, and they constituted 3 per cent of the population who lived side by side with people of other faiths. It is worth noting here that the people of Palestine differentiate between Judaism and Zionism. The latter is not a faith, but rather a political phenomenon with expansionist, racist and colonialist aims that under the cover of the Jewish religion takes on a religious appearance and tries to pursue its goals as the savior of the Jewish people.

Muslims represented the majority of the population back then, followed by the Christians.

If we are to overview the entire history of the region, the story becomes endless. But the guidelines provided above present a few of the links that make up a full chain; the bigger picture.

Palestine and the Iranian Revolution

In 1979, a dramatic change took place in the Asian continent. A popular movement led by Imam Ruhollah Khomeini was initiated in Iran and an Islamic Republic was established. Iran no longer was a client to the United States of America. The Asian country also no longer supported what it declared to be an occupation, and an apartheid regime.

For three decades before the Islamic revolution, between “Israel’s” illegal establishment in 1948 and Iran’s revolution in 1979, the two countries had close relations based on common strategic interests. Iran became an important source of oil for “Israel”, and “Israel” became an important source of weapons for Iran. It has been reported that thousands of “Israeli” businessmen and technical experts aided Iranian development projects.

Even before the revolution, Ayatollah Imam Khomeini paid a great deal of attention to al-Quds, the holy Aqsa mosque, and the Palestinian cause.

As early as 1968, Ayatollah Imam Khomeini addressed the Palestinian cause in his struggle. The ideas behind the revolution inspired the slogan “Neither East, nor West – Islamic Republic!”

“My proposal for establishing an Islamic government does not mean a return to the past. I am strongly for civilization and progress”, said Ayatollah Imam Khomeini in January 1979. By that, he meant that Iran does not have to be under the impact and rule of the communist thought at that time represented by the Soviet Union, nor by the capitalist ideology that was raised as the only method of success by the US. Yes, rejecting both the influence of capitalism and communism, Iran decided to become independent and different. For Imam Khomeini, “Neither East Nor West” was a proposal that proves the freedom from subjugation and guarantees success in creating an independent strong identity and defending rights.

For Ayatollah Imam Khomeini, who descended from the Islamic Shia school of thought, the oppressed and the oppressors was a notion that was the focus of his attention. It was a must to support the oppressed, and not only in defend Islamic sanctities. It was the spirit of the revolution that rose from the people with Ayatollah Imam Khomeini’s leadership to support the oppressed across the world in order to realize a just cause.

But of course, Palestine was of vital importance owing to its Islamic identity. Deciding to establish an “Iran” with an independent Islamic identity, Iran’s Ayatollah Imam Khomeini stressed throughout his discourses that Palestine is a central cause to the Muslims.

In an interview when in exile in Iraq’s Najaf city during the early 60s, he said

“When you realize that the blood of your innocent brothers and sisters are shed in the holy land of Palestine and when you notice that our territories have been occupied, and our homes are demolished at the hands of the Zionist criminals, under such circumstances there is no other course left but continuing of jihad. It is incumbent upon every Muslim to extend his material and spiritual aids in this lofty struggle.”

In remarks at a meeting with a group of Palestinians and Bishop Cappucci on 2 April 1979, Ayatollah Imam Khomeini said

“For many years now, perhaps twenty years, I have repeatedly aired my views on Palestine and “Israel”, and I will say again: We condemn “Israel”. “Israel” is an usurper. The land it has taken, it has taken unlawfully. Al-Quds must be freed and “Israel” driven out. The Arab governments must unite and drive “Israel” out of their lands and sever the hands of the colonizers.”

In 1979 and shortly after the revolution, Ayatollah Imam Khomeini designated the last Friday of the holy Islamic month of Ramadan as a new national holiday – al-Quds Day– to “proclaim the international solidarity of Muslims in support of the legitimate rights of the Muslim people of Palestine.”

Ayatollah Imam Khomeini always considered that returning to Islam and uniting is a prerequisite to save Palestine and block Zionism’s expansionist plans. Islamic differences were never an issue for Ayatollah Imam Khomeini, in fact he always called on Muslims to put their differences aside and seek unity.

Imam Khomieni, addressing the Muslims altogether stressed that the apartheid regime will not stop at a certain end, noting

“I have continuously spoken about “Israel” and its crimes in my sermons and writings, and have brought to the notice of the Muslims that “Israel” is a cancerous tumor in a corner of the Islamic countries which will not be satisfied with Al-Quds and the other places. No, they (the Zionists) intend to move on. They are the followers of America’s policy and America does not simply aspire after one place . . . the Muslims must awaken.”

Extracting of the Ashura philosophy in Islam, Ayatollah Imam Khomeini noted in another sermon

“Truth will defeat the satanic and tyrannical forces. Your troubles and suffering are not new to Islam and the Muslims, the forces of tyranny have always opposed Islam and fought with the Muslims.”

While addressing the people, he pointed out to the different dimensions of the war on Palestine and the Muslims, and explaining at the time the notion of the “colonialization of the mind” and how it is used to manipulate the people of the region as means to weaken them.

“Those who seek to rule over these countries (the imperialists) have, through the distorted propaganda they have circulated over the past few hundred years and the influence they have achieved in the universities and the centers which educate the sons of Muslims, made the Muslims lose hope in themselves, they have made them lose themselves. The Muslims must strive to find their greatness.”

In the Last Message, The Political and Divine Will of His Holiness the Ayatollah Imam Khomeini, reiterated that the international Zionism does not stop short of any crime to achieve its base and greedy desires, crimes that the tongue and pen are ashamed to utter or write.”

Iran Maintains Position; Palestine Central Cause 

After the passing away of Ayatollah Imam Khomeini, the pro-Palestinian discourse did not stop. It is true that the two countries do not share the same borders, and they come from different Islamic schools of thought, and they speak two different languages, but Ayatollah Imam Khomeini had demonstrated that nothing can impede Iran from standing by Palestine and the Palestinians. It is Islamic values and ethics that form the driving force behind the Iranian support, and true values do not die in general.

In fact, the speeches of His Eminence Imam Sayyed Ali Khamenei, leader of the Islamic Revolution, are a continuation to that same identity that supports the Palestinian cause. From the Islamic Republic’s point of view, it is and has always been a confrontation against oppression and distortion.

In all his discourses, Ayatollah Khamenei describes unity as the only way to resist the aggression of the enemies of Islam. He explains that “unity is not the same as adopting identical views. On the contrary, it means that people with various tendencies must move shoulder to shoulder and consider national interests as preferable to everything else, especially their own interests. They must not allow selfishness enter political and social arenas.”

Pointing out to the importance of confronting the “Israeli” apartheid regime and realizing the liberation of Palestine, Ayatollah Khamenei noted in one of his speeches that “pinning hopes on the compromise process and begging the Zionist enemy for peace. This option will only help “Israel” to humiliate the Palestinians and dictate its demands to them. This is what we have already witnessed.”

Also, stressing the idea of colonialization and usurping of property and land, Ayatollah Khamenei highlighted in a ceremony that “Palestinians are by no means going to live outside their own country forever. Or if they are living inside the country, they are never going to be an oppressed minority forever, making room for the invading outsiders to stay in their country.”

Just like Ayatollah Imam Khomeini, Ayatollah Khamenei time and again reassures that Iran’s position on the issue of Palestine is crystal clear.

“Our position on the issue of Palestine is also clear. We believe that all Palestinian lands belong to the Palestinians. Those who tried to wipe Palestine off the map of the world made a mistake. Such a thing will not happen. Palestine will survive. The usurpers have occupied Palestine for a few decades, but there is no doubt that Palestinian lands will be restored to the people of Palestine and to the world of Islam.”

The “Israeli” soldiers have carried out all sorts of crimes against the Palestinians; from killing the people, destroying their homes and farms and arresting and torturing men and women and even their children, to humiliating and insulting that nation and trying to destroy it, to building illegal settlements and attacking the Palestinian refugees in the camps inside Palestine.

Al-Quds: Neither East nor West

Very recently, Ayatollah Khamenei said in comments on the US move to declare Al-Quds as capital of the “Israeli” apartheid regime

“Today, the issue of Palestine is at the top of the political issues of the world of Islam and the Islamic Ummah. Everyone is responsible towards defending Palestine, and the freedom of Palestine and the Palestinian nation. Everyone is responsible towards fighting and working to that end.”

He pointed out to the “Israeli” regime and the US’s desperation

“The enemy is desperate in this regard. You should know this. When they claim that they want to declare al-Quds as the capital of the Zionist regime, this is a sign of their desperation and incapability. Their hands are tied on the issue of Palestine. Without a doubt, by doing so, they will receive a harsher blow and the world of Islam will stand up against them.”

Today, Iran stands strong in face of the US decision, and voices support to the Palestinians as well as urges the international community to act. Iran does not stand alone but is supported by regional players both state and non-state actors. For instance, as Lebanon’s Hezbollah Secretary General Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah clearly stated that the resistance stands with utmost readiness to defend al-Aqsa mosque and support the Palestinian brethren, Turkey’s Erdogan pointed out that al-Quds is a “red line” for Muslims who will not accept any aggression on its Islamic sanctuaries, and said that what “Israel” is doing against Palestinians wolf does not do against the sheep.

Today, Iran reiterates “neither East, nor West” but an independent Palestinian Palestine that has the right to preserve its people, land and sanctities. No East Al-Quds and no West, but a one Palestinian al-Quds acknowledged as the capital of Palestine and its native people.

Source: Al-Ahed News

Crimes Against Humanity: The British Empire

Posted on by michaellee2009

Source

By Paul Gregoire,

First published by Sydney Criminal Lawyers and Global Research in July 2017.

It was the largest empire ever to have existed. And as the saying used to go, the sun never sets on the British Empire. At its height in 1922, the colonial power was lording it over a fifth of the world’s population and for many of them, the sun never rose again.

Under the policies of British colonialism, people around the globe were subjected to mass famines, atrocious conditions in concentration camps, and brutal massacres at the hands of imperialist troops. The Brits also played an integral role in the transatlantic slave trade.

Although the atrocities of the British Empire are well documented, the myth of the noble colonising power continued into recent decades.

The Migrated Archives

During proceedings in the British High Court in 2010, University of Warwick historian David M Anderson submitted a statement referring to 1,500 files that went missing from Kenya as British rule in the region was coming to an end.

This led the British government to concede that they had hidden or disposed of those files, and many others at a high-security facility north of London. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office was hiding around 600,000 historical documents in breach of the 1958 UK Public Records Act.

The stash included around 20,000 undisclosed files from 37 former British colonies. Indeed, it’s common knowledge that as the British colonial edifice was disintegrating, administrators of the colonies were told to either burn their documents or try and smuggle them out.

The legal proceedings where Mr Anderson made his revelations related to a case brought against the British government by three elderly Kenyans who claimed they’d been tortured and abused by the colonial authorities during the British occupation of their country.

The British gulag in Kenya

The British first moved into East Africa in the late 19th century, and Kenya was declared a Crown colony in 1920. In the 1940s, after half a century of British occupation, a small group of Kikuyu people – the country’s largest ethnic group – formed the Mau Mau movement and vowed to oppose colonial rule.

As word spread, Mau Mau resistance grew and they began knocking off colonial officers and local loyalists. In October 1952, Governor Evelyn Baring declared a state of emergency, which held until 1960.

In 1964, the colonial army began erecting a network of concentration camps. Historians estimate that 150,000 to 1.5 million Kikuyu people were detained. Conditions within the camps were atrocious, and people were systematically beaten and sexually assaulted during questioning.

The grandfather of Barack Obama, Hussein Onyango Obama suffered severe mistreatment in the camp where he was held, which included having pins forced under his fingernails.

The British government, after being continually defeated in the High Court, agreed to settle the Mau Mau case in 2013.

On June 6 that year, then UK foreign secretary William Hague announced 5,000 survivors would each receive £3,800 payment, and he also expressed the nation’s sincere regrets to Kenyans who were subjected to “torture and other forms of ill-treatment at the hands of the colonial administration.”

The desecration in India

It’s said that India was the jewel in the crown of the British Empire. The British East India Company began making avenues into the subcontinent in the 17th century, and India was established as a Crown colony in 1858.

The British Raj systematically transferred the wealth of the region into their own coffers. In the north eastern region of Bengal, “the first great deindustrialisation of the modern world” occurred.

The prosperous two centuries-old weaving industry was shut down after the British flooded the local market with cheap fabric from northern England. India still grew the cotton, but the Bengali population no longer spun it, and the weavers became beggars.

India suffered around a dozen major famines under British rule, with an estimated 12 to 29 million Indians starving to death.

The Orissa famine occurred in north eastern India in 1866. Over one million – or one in three local people – perished. As the region’s textile industry was destroyed, more people were pushed into agriculture, and were dependent on the monsoon.

That year, the monsoon was weak. Crops didn’t grow and many starved to death. The colonial administration didn’t intervene as the popular economic theory of the time reasoned that the market would restore proper balance, and the famine was nature’s way of responding to overpopulation.

When the British finally got out of India, they simply drew a line down the map and partitioned the subcontinent into India and Pakistan. The move led to the mass migration of around 10 million people, and when it escalated into sectarian violence an estimated one million lost their lives.

A southern invasion

The British began invading Australia in 1788, under the pretext that it was terra nullis: a land with no owners. The High Court of Australia abolished the legal fiction of terra nullius in its 1992 Mabo versus Queensland (No 2) ruling.

It was a landmark decision, but not everyone was surprised that the court found that there were actually sovereign people living on the land prior to the arrival of the British. At that time, there were an estimated 750,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living across the continent.

The First Fleet arrived in the vicinity of what is now the city of Sydney in 1788. Around 15 months later, at least 50 percent of the local Aboriginal population was dying due to a smallpox epidemic.

Some historians put the outbreak down to contact with the Macassans from Sulawesi in the far north of the continent. However, others argue that bottles of smallpox were brought across on First Fleet ships, and the disease was then released, either accidentally or with clear intent.

Dozens of massacres of Indigenous people were carried out by the British right up until the 1920s. On June 10 1838, the Myall Creek massacre occurred near Inverell in NSW. This tragedy is well-known as it was the first time Europeans were brought to justice for such an atrocity in Australia.

At the time about 50 Aboriginal men were working for stockmen in the area. One evening the stockmen rode into the local people’s camp, tied up 29 men, women and children, and beheaded them. Seven of the perpetrators were eventually brought to trial and hanged.

Today, in Australia, the colonial legacy continues. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are the most incarcerated population on earth.

As of March this year, there were 11,288 Indigenous adults detained in the Australian prison system. First Nations peoples account for only 2.5 percent of the overall Australian adult population, yet they represent 28 percent of the adult prisoner population.

A bloody trail

But these are only some of the crimes perpetrated by the British as they carried the greatest land grab the world has ever seen.

There were the concentration camps in South Africa, where tens of thousands of the Boer population were detained in the first years of the 20th century. The Irish potato famine occurred in the 1840s, leading to the deaths of well over a million people.

There were the torture centres in Aden in the 1960s, where nationalists were kept naked in refrigerated cells. When the Empire was facing communist insurgents during the Malaya Emergency of the 1950s, they simply decided to imprison the entire peasant population in detention camps.

And the list goes on…

Featured image from Sydney Criminal Lawyers

طريق التحرير… من قلب طهران حتى البحر المتوسط

Posted on by martyrashrakat

طريق التحرير… من قلب طهران حتى البحر المتوسط

توزع السيطرة الحالية للفصائل المسلحة داخل سوريا والعراق (تصميم: سنان عيسى) | للصورة المكبرة انقر هنا

ابراهيم الأمين

(1)

الغارقون في بؤسهم اليوم هم المهزومون في الميدان، السياسي منه أو العسكري، وتالياً الشعبي. هؤلاء يتحوّل الخطأ عندهم إلى خطيئة قبل أن يصير ارتكابات شنيعة. هؤلاء لا يعترفون بالتاريخ، ولا يجيدون صناعة حاضرهم، ولا ترك شيء مفيد للمستقبل. وهؤلاء، في زمننا الحالي، هم الذين يسعون إلى تأبيد السيطرة على بلاد وعباد، وفق ما تركها الاستعمار قبل سبعين سنة لا أكثر.

لعقود كثيرة، كان العيب في مشاريع الثورات والمقاومات أنها لا تجيد التوفيق بين السيادة والاستقلال الوطنيين، وبين كرامة وتطور دولها، وبين سعادة شعوبها. وهي أزمة حقيقية ولا تزال قائمة إلى يومنا هذا. مع فارق لافت، هو أنّ ما نشهده منذ سنوات قليلة، يفتح الباب أمام فرصة جدية لإعادة صياغة المشهد برمته، وأمام محاولة إلزامية لمواءمة إلزامية بين معركتي التحرير والتغيير الداخلي.

التوزع التقريبي لسيطرة الفصائل المسلحة في ذروة انتشارها ضمن لبنان وسوريا والعراق (خلال فترات زمنية متفاوتة) (تصميم: سنان عيسى) | للصورة المكبرة انقر هنا

إذا كان الاستعمار ومؤامراته وفساد حكومات وسلطات وقيادات وخيانتها، ونزق أنظمة وجيوش وعنفها، قد جعلت الوحدة العربية كابوساً لا يرغب فيه مواطن حر، فإنّ الاستعمار نفسه سعى طوال الوقت لخلق كيانات تحتاج إليه للبقاء على قيد الحياة. هذا طُبّق بقوة في كثير من بلداننا خلال العقود السبعة الماضية. وهو حقيقة تتعرض اليوم لمحاولة تفكيك جدية، تفتح الباب أمام فرصة لتنظيم عملية توحد قابلة للحياة، ومستندة إلى فكرة وخطاب وهدف. وربما تتيح المعركة المفتوحة ضد الارهاب والاحتلال، من فلسطين إلى لبنان فسوريا والعراق، الفرصة لبرمجة الأولويات والنقاش بطريقة مختلفة.

صحيح أن في لبنان من يستمر هاجساً بشعار لبنان أولاً، علماً بأن شعار فلسطين أولاً لم يوقف تهجير الشعب الفلسطيني وتهويد أرضه.
ومحاولة بعض العراقيين تجاهل محيطهم العربي بحجة أن المحيط ناصَر الطاغية، جعل بلاد الرافدين تتفكّك بقسوة، وتجعل نكبة هذا البلد أشدّ إيلاماً من نكبة فلسطين. ومن باب الإنصاف، تبقى سوريا الدولة الوحيدة التي لم تغرق في انعزالية قاتلة. ولهذا السبب، تدفع اليوم ثمن تمسّكها بموقعها المتفاعل مع كل محيطها العربي.
ليس قدراً فقط أن تخرج من لبنان مقاومة، نمت وتعثرت وعادت فقامت، وناضلت وانتصرت على المحتل. لكنه تعبير عن قدرة حقيقية على تقديم نموذج قابل للحياة والتعميم في مقاومة الاحتلال، وفي ضرب الهيمنة على البلاد. وعندما لجأ الاستعمار إلى استخدام الحروب الأهلية سلاحاً في مواجهة المقاومين، كان لا بد من خوض معركة بأدوات وأفكار مختلفة، تجعل الحرب الأهلية تخمد وإن احتجنا إلى سنوات طويلة لإزالة أثارها، لكن هذه المقاومة أعطت الدليل على إمكانية توحد قوى منتشرة في كل هذا المشرق، متفقة على أولوية التحرير من الاستعمار والاحتلال، ومؤمنة بالحاجة إلى تغيير شامل. وهو تغيير لا يكون من دون تفاهم مع المحيط الأرحب. وهنا يقع دور إيران.

صحيح أن من حق الناس الخشية من عجز هذه القوى عن قيادة تغيير داخلي حقيقي. وصحيح أن معركة بناء الدول تتطلب مشاركة الجميع من أبنائها، لكن الصحيح أيضاً أن ما يحصل اليوم يمنحنا فرصة لأن نحفظ انتصاراتنا على الاحتلال وأعوانه من عملاء مدنيين أو عسكريين، علمانيين أو متطرفين. وحفظ هذه الانتصارات يكون بالتعامل بجدية واهتمام مع مرحلة مقبلة أكثر أهمية، لجهة توفير الترابط العضوي، عسكرياً وسياسياً واقتصادياً وثقافياً أيضاً، بين مساحات وشعوب وهويات باتت ملزمة بالبحث عن سبل العيش معاً بأفضل الممكن. وهنا التحدي الكبير.
ما يحصل منذ انطلاقة المعارك الكبرى في العراق وسوريا ولبنان لطرد المجموعات الارهابية على اختلاف مسمياتها، لن يكون مجرد جولة فقط، بل هو مدخل لتحويل التفاهمات والتوافقات مناسبة لتحقيق هدف بات أكثر واقعية من قبل، يخصّ استعادة فلسطين بكاملها من أيدي الاحتلال والاستعمار. وهو إنجاز سيكون نتيجة سلوك طريق التحرير.
إنه الطريق الذي لم يجد إيرانيون وعراقيون وسوريون ولبنانيون وفلسطينيون بداً من عبوره مجتمعين، لمحاربة الاحتلال وأدواته في كل هذه الدول، وهو طريق تم وصله بدماء هؤلاء وتضحياتهم، وهو الطريق الذي يحتاج، منّا، إلى حفظه بالدماء والتضحيات أيضاً.

وقائع ليست للنسيان

(2)

هنا، موجز مع خرائط، لشرح واقع المواجهة، تُبيّن كيف تبقى سوريا مركز القلب في هذه البقعة من الأرض، وكيف يتشكّل المحور الذي يتقدم يوماً بعد يوم.

الحدود الغربيّة مع لبنان

فعليّاً، بدأت المجموعات المسلحة في الاستفادة من طرق التهريب، بدءاً بريف حمص منذ حزيران 2011 وبشكل تصاعدي شمل سريعاً ريف دمشق (قارة) منذ تموز 2011. وتوسعت في أيلول وتشرين الأول، وصولاً إلى السيطرة على القصير وتل كلخ قبل نهاية العام. بين شباط ونيسان 2012، كانت أجزاء واسعة من ريف حمص المتاخم للحدود اللبنانية قد تحوّلت إلى قبضة المجموعات المسلحة، تشابهها في ذلك مساحات كبيرة من القلمون. وقبل نهاية العام، كانت النسبة الأكبر من الحدود السورية اللبنانية في قبضة المجموعات.
بدءاً من أيار 2013، بدأت الأمور تتغير مع استرجاع القصير، ثم تل كلخ ومعظم المناطق الحدودية في ريف حمص. ثم حررت في عام 2014 مناطق مهمة في القلمون، على رأسها قارة والنبك ويبرود ورأس العين، ثم فليطة ورأس المعرة وعسال الورد ورنكوس. أواخر 2014، وضع «داعش» قدماً في القلمون الغربي مع حصوله على عدد من «البيعات»، ونجح في توسيع عديد مسلحيه هناك، قبل التحول الكبير الذي تمثل في معارك متزامنة على الجبهتين السورية واللبنانية.

الحدود الشرقية مع العراق

من محيط البوكمال، بدأت الحكاية في تموز 2011 مع بدء ظهور مسلحين على شكل عصابات. في النصف الثاني من العام 2012، سيطرت المجموعات المسلحة على معبر البوكمال الحدودي. وفي عام 2013 خرج معظم الشريط الحدودي بين دير الزور والعراق عن سيطرة الجيش السوري، وبشكل سريع انضمت إليه أجزاء من المناطق الحدودية في ريف الحسكة. كانت القبضة الأقوى لجبهة النصرة حتى حدوث الشقاق الكبير مع «داعش». دخل الأخير على خط الولاءات و«البيعات» بقوة، وبدأ في التمدد منذ تشرين الثاني 2013، مركزاً على الشريط الحدودي تحديداً بالاستفادة من سيطرته على المناطق المقابلة داخل الأراضي العراقية. بدءاً من آذار 2014، بدأ التنظيم في توسيع هوامش الشريط الحدودي تباعاً، إلى أن تمكن من ابتلاع المنطقة الحدودية بأكملها، وصولاً إلى إعلان «الخلافة» في حزيران عام 2014. أما «وحدات حماية الشعب» الكردية، فكانت قد بدأت بفرض حضورها في الحسكة في الأشهر الأولى من عام 2013، لتسيطر على مناطق الريف الشرقي المحاذية للحدود العراقية، قبل أن تبدأ في النصف الثاني من عام 2015 في توسيع تلك السيطرة على حساب «داعش» الذي بات حضوره الحدودي مقتصراً على دير الزور، بينما نجح الجيش السوري أخيراً في الوصول الى الحدود العراقية.

الحدود الجنوبية مع الأردن والجولان المحتل

لعبت الحدود الجنوبية مع الأردن دوراً مؤثراً لمصلحة المجموعات المسلحة، بداية عبر طرقات التهريب، ثم مع بدء المناطق الحدودية في ريف درعا الخروج عن سيطرة الدولة مع أواخر عام 2011. خلال عام 2012، حصلت معارك كر وفر كثيرة، تماثلها في ذلك محافظة القنيطرة. وفي نيسان 2015 على معبر نصيب، حضرت «جبهة النصرة» بقوة في المنطقة، رغم ظهور غرفة «الموك» في الأردن التي قيل إن الهدف منها دعم «الفصائل المعتدلة». وفي خلال عامَي 2015 و2016 سيطر المسلحون على أجزاء واسعة من الحدود بين محافظة السويداء والأردن. وخلال الشهر الحالي، برز تحول بارز مع استعادة الجيش السوري السيطرة على جميع المخافر الحدودية في محافظة السويداء.

الحدود الشمالية مع تركيا

بين أيلول وتشرين الأول 2011، بدأ مسلحو الريف الإدلبي في الظهور بشكل جماعات صغيرة استفادت من طرق التهريب على الحدود مع تركيا، وما لبثت الجماعات أن توسعت ونُظّمت وراحت تفرض سيطرة قوية على المناطق الحدودية في ريف إدلب الشمالي، بدءاً من مطلع عام 2012. وعلى نحو مماثل، تطور الأمر في ريف اللاذقية الشمالي، ثم في ريف حلب الشمالي وريف الرقة الشمالي. وفي النصف الثاني من العام، وقعت مناطق استراتيجية عدة في قبضة المسلحين مثل معبر باب الهوى (ريف إدلب)، معبر باب السلامة (ريف حلب) ومعبر تل أبيض (ريف الرقة). مع دخول عام 2013، كان الشريط الحدودي مع تركيا بأكمله مقسوماً إلى قسمين أساسيين، الأكبر تتوزع السيطرة عليه المجموعات المسلحة؛ على رأسها «النصرة» و«أحرار الشام» والمجموعات التركمانية، والثاني في قبضة الأكراد، وأبرز مناطقه: عفرين (ريف حلب الشمالي الغربي) وعين العرب (ريف حلب الشمالي الشرقي)، إضافة إلى ريف الحسكة الشمالي. في الربع الأخير من عام 2013، بدأ تنظيم «داعش» في الظهور شمالاً في أرياف اللاذقية وحلب والرقة. عام 2014، سيطر «داعش» على ريف الرقة الشمالي، وباتت الحدود مع تركيا بأكملها متقاسمة بينه وبين الأكراد وبين «النصرة» وشركائها. مع هزيمة «داعش» في معركة عين العرب، بدأت ملامح مرحلة جديدة، شهدت صعود «قوات سوريا الديموقراطية» تحت إشراف «التحالف الدولي»، وبدأت سيطرة «قسد» في التوسع تدريجاً لتصبح منافساً أساسياً على رقعة السيطرة على الحدود مع تركيا. ومع حلول آب 2016، أعلنت أنقرة «درع الفرات» وبدأت في التوسع سريعاً على حساب «داعش» لتتحول «درع الفرات» إلى قوة احتلال مقنّعة.

 

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Balfour’s Shadow – A Century of British Support for Zionism and Israel

Posted on by michaellee2009

A review of the book authored by David Cronin

By Jim Miles GlobalResearch,

July 01, 2017

The Balfour Declaration, currently accepted by many as the founding legal statement for the establishment of Israel is really nothing more than a letter. It was a letter of policy between government personnel and became a major part of foreign policy then, and its shadow effects have continued on rather effectively to now. Balfour’s Shadow is a well written outline of the history of events after the letter: the immediate short term effects on British policy after WW I; the medium range policies that continued until after WW II; up to Britain’s current policy of advocating for and dealing with Israel. It is not a pretty story.

The letter was not necessarily well intended. Balfour himself was anti-Semitic. Yet the letter offered support to the Zionists for the creation of a Jewish national home in Palestine. Several factors accounted for this, one of them being this very anti-Semitism, as many British felt that Jews would never assimilate into their society.

Several other factors came into play: Jewish support in the war effort was considered necessary; the British wanted to protect the Suez Canal as the main route through to its then colonies of south Asia, mainly India; and natural resources, oil, became a major interest after oil was discovered in abundance in the Middle East. A colonial outpost would, Britain believed, help consolidate control of the region against Arab interests in an era when British racism ran rampant throughout its colonial networks.

From that beginning, Cronin highlights the major factors in the relationship between Zionists, Jews, and the British government. He deals specifically with events pertaining to the government, and does not detail all that transpired during Britain’s occupation via the Palestinian Mandate. But the general thread of the history is exposed throughout the work, accessible to both those with a strong background in the history and those just entering into the discovery process of Middle East history. For the latter, Balfour’s Shadow provides enough detail that a reader should be motivated to research more information through other works (of which there are many).

Author David Cronin

(Source: @dvcronin / Twitter)

In general, Cronin reveals that the methods used by the British to control the indigenous population of Palestine laid the foundation for the ethnic cleansing and later suppression of the Palestinian people. Much history has been written about the Haganah, Stern, and Irgun ‘gangs’ fighting against the British, but the general trend of British behaviour was to support the increasing settlement patterns, evictions, and land grabs of the Zionist settlers.

After the nakba, Britain continued to supply Israel with military support ranging from hundreds of tanks, many planes, up to and including nuclear systems, in particular the sale of heavy water through Norway. This period was a transition from British global power to U.S. global power: after the fake war for the Suez Canal and the later pre-emptive war of 1967, the U.S. had clearly taken the lead in supporting Israel. Britain however did not let go.

Indeed, Britain became one of the strongest voices in support of Israel as military trade and financial/corporate interests continued with mostly behind the scenes activities.

Additional information is provided showing how the British worked to sideline the PLO by effectively recruiting Arafat as leader of a recognized PLO ‘government’, leading to the false promises of the Oslo accords and the continued annexation, settlement, and dispossession of the Palestinians.

For contemporary events, Cronin highlights the bizarre career of Tony Blair. At this point in time Blair was truly a “loyal lieutenant” for the U.S., adopting and promulgating U.S. policy for Israel and the Middle East in general. Bringing the work up to current events, “Partners in Crime” outlines the corporate-military ties between Britain, Israel, and the U.S.. Most of the corporate interest is military procurement going both directions – hardware to Israel, spyware and security ware to Britain. As always, these corporations (Ferranti, Affinity, Elbit, Rafael, Rokar, Lockheed-Martin) changed British views – at least of the elites – from tentative support to solidarity. These friendly relations also helped tie Israel into the EU more strongly.

Today, official British policy remains as an ardent supporter of Israel, with a lasting pride in Israel’s founding. The British colonial heritage rages on in the Middle East.

This is an excellent work most specifically for its focus on British attitudes concerning the development of Zionism/Israel, a history of war crimes and apartheid. Kudos to Cronin for his extensive use of many personal diaries and notices and of official records from War and Colonial office files as well as Foreign and Commonwealth files for more recent materials. It is concise and direct, an accessible read that can serve as a prerequisite for Middle East studies/Zionist studies and as a general guide to British policy for Israel. [1]

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Title: Balfour’s Shadow – A Century of British Support for Zionism and Israel

Author: David Cronin

Publisher: Pluto Press, London

Click here to order.

Notes

[1] Many books cover the development of Zionism and the creation of Israel. For a more highly detailed development of the historical situation preceding and leading up to the Balfour letter itself, the best I have read is: The Balfour Declaration – The Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. Jonathan Schneer. Anchor (Random House), Canada. 2012.

This review was first published in Palestine Chronicle, June 29, 2017.

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