The disintegration of NATO and the post-World War system تفكك الناتو ونظام ما بعد الحرب العالمية

 The disintegration of NATO and the post-World War system

أكتوبر 17, 2017

Written by Nasser Kandil,تفكك الناتو ونظام ما بعد الحرب العالمية

After the disintegration of the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact, Washington decided to expand the NATO to the borders of Russia, but it collided with a solid Russian position that prevented the inclusion of countries which form a backyard to Russia as Ukraine, so it retreated. The retreat has led to redrawing new red lines in the international game. But the war for which Washington has employed tens of the allied countries from inside the NATO and outside it against Syria was an opportunity to turn the international equations in favor of Washington, to besiege Moscow and Beijing, and to alienate them from the Mediterranean Sea, by reaching to their borders from the Islamic Republics in the Central Asia after the Ottoman influence that formed the heart of the US attack starting from Syria has stabilized. The Americans have granted to the ruling organization in Ankara awards and incentives that have been represented by the handover of Ankara the power in Cairo and Tunisia, and by preferring Doha to Riyadh in the Gulf.

The loss of the war in Syria was not only a failure of the project of the US unilateralism in managing the world through the failure in having control on the region which separates the Mediterranean Sea from the borders of China and Russia,  and it was not only an economic failure of the plans of hegemony on the sources of energy and the passages of its pipelines, but the most dangerous failure was the fall of the project of the new Ottoman  which has presented for the first time an answer to the identity in order to cover the US hegemony on the East, that is equal to what was presented by the European Union for the issue of the identity in order to cover the US hegemony on the West. So it was not mere a practical coincidence the decomposition which affected the two vital aspects of the new common identities under the US cover in the West and East. So the fall of the new Ottoman has coincided with the start of the disintegration of the European Union. This has occurred in the center not in the parties, so Turkey the center of the new Ottoman started the repositioning at the same time of the exit of Britain from the European Union as an announcement of the end of the era of the US rise.

The transformations witnessed by the region of the main conflict in Asia in the eastern of the Mediterranean do not allow the cold change to affect Turkey as Britain. The change is happening at skate and it is creating accelerating challenges. The issue of the Kurdish secession in each of Iraq and Syria is one of the consequences resulted from tampering in the central countries in the region, as what Turkey did in favor of the project of the new Ottoman, but the failure of that project and the keeping of its repercussions is the best thing produced for the Americans, so they invested on that, thus the Kurds become more important than Turkey, so the main Turkish concern has become to combat the danger of the emergence of the Kurdish entity on its borders  that threatens its unity. Washington found itself face-to-face with Ankara its first ally, its base, and its important pillar in the wars of domination over the region.

What is going on on the US-Turkish front for the past two years represents an irrevocable diagram of transformations that are greater than the ability of Washington and Ankara to avoid. The opposed positioning is an objective expression of geography and its ruling actors in politics. Thus the NATO becomes something from the past that is unable to react to the present’s challenges. Kurdistan which did not turn into an independent country seems closer to the leader of the NATO from the important original founder member namely Turkey, Turkey the member in NATO finds its closest ally with two countries, one is classified by NATO as a source of the main danger namely Russia and the other is classified by NATO as the main regional enemy namely Iran.

The war of visas between Washington and Ankara is the first one between the leader of the NATO and one of its pillars since the founding of the alliance which seems that it has become from the expired memories and has become a burden of its owners. There are new alliances with new considerations. Therefore the remaining of the post- World War II system is ending with the absence of NATO, which was no longer considered when Ankara two years ago has provoked Moscow and asked the support, but the alliance was dead and waited for its burial.

Translated by Lina Shehadeh,

تفكك الناتو ونظام ما بعد الحرب العالمية

أكتوبر 10, 2017

ناصر قنديل

تفكك الناتو ونظام ما بعد الحرب العالمية

– بعد تفكك الاتحاد السوفياتي وحلف وارسو، رغبت واشنطن بتوسيع حلف الناتو إلى حدود روسيا، لكنها اصطدمت بموقف روسي صلب، حال دون ضمّ دول تشكل حديقة خلفية لروسيا كحال أوكرانيا، فتراجعت، وشكّل التراجع إعادة رسم للخطوط الحمراء في اللعبة الدولية، وجاءت الحرب التي جنّدت لها واشنطن على سورية عشرات الدول الحليفة داخل الناتو وخارجه، فرصة لقلب المعادلات الدولية لحساب واشنطن، ومحاصرة موسكو وبكين، وإبعادهما عن البحر المتوسط، وبلوغ حدودهما مع الجمهوريات الإسلامية في آسيا الوسطى، بعد استتاب النفوذ العثماني الذي شكّل قلب الهجوم الأميركي، انطلاقاً من سورية. وقد منح الأميركيون للتنظيم الحاكم في أنقرة جوائز وحوافز تمثلت بتسليم أنقرة مقاليد الحكم في القاهرة وتونس، وتمكين الدوحة من التقدّم على مكانة الرياض في الخليج.

– لم تكن خسارة الحرب في سورية فشلاً لمشروع الأحادية الأميركية في إدارة العالم فقط بالفشل في السيطرة على المنطقة التي تفصل البحر المتوسط عن حدود الصين وروسيا، ولا فشلاً اقتصادياً فقط لخطط الهيمنة على منابع الطاقة وممرات أنابيبها، بل الفشل الأخطر كان في سقوط مشروع العثمانية الجديدة، الذي قدّم للمرة الأولى جواباً في الهوية لتغطية الهيمنة الأميركية على الشرق، يعادل ما مثله الاتحاد الأوروبي في الجواب على قضية الهوية لتغطية الهيمنة الأميركية على الغرب، ولم تكن مجرد مصادفة عملية التحلّل التي أصابت المجالين الحيويين للهويّات الجديدة الجامعة تحت المظلة الأميركية، في الغرب والشرق، فتزامن سقوط العثمانية الجديدة وبدء تفكك الاتحاد الأوروبي، وجرى ذلك في القلب وليس في الأطراف، لتبدأ تركيا قلب العثمانية الجديدة بالاستدارة بتوقيت خروج بريطانيا من الاتحاد الأوروبي إيذاناً بنهاية عهد الصعود الأميركي.

– التحوّلات التي تشهدها منطقة الصراع الرئيسية في آسيا شرق المتوسط، لا تتيح تحوّلاً بارداً لتركيا كحال بريطانيا. فالتغيّر يجري على صفيح ساخن ويخلق تحديات متسارعة، وما بروز مسألة الانفصال الكردي على سطح الأحداث في كلّ من العراق وسورية إلا من التداعيات الناتجة عن العبث بالدول المركزية في المنطقة الذي مارسته تركيا لحساب مشروع العثمانية الجديدة. وبفشل المشروع بقيت تداعياته هي أفضل ما أنتجه للأميركيين، فاستثمروا عليها، ليصير الأكراد أهمّ من تركيا قلب المشروع الأصلي، لكن ليصير الهمّ التركي الأول التصدّي لخطر نشوء كيان كردي على حدودها، يهدّد وحدتها، وتجد واشنطن نفسها وجهاً لوجه في تصادم مع أنقرة، حليفها الأول وقاعدتها وركيزتها الوازنة، في حروب السيطرة والهيمنة على المنطقة.

– ما يجري على الجبهة الأميركية التركية منذ سنتين، يمثل خطاً بيانياً لا رجعة فيه، لتحوّلات أكبر من قدرة واشنطن وأنقرة على تلافيها. فالتموضع المتعاكس لهما هو تعبير موضوعي عن الجغرافيا ومفاعيلها الحاكمة في السياسة، وحيث يصير حلف الناتو شيئاً من الماضي الثقيل العاجز عن الإجابة على تحديات الحاضر، فها هي كردستان التي لم تتحوّل دولة مستقلة تبدو أقرب لزعيم الناتو من عضو أصيل مؤسّس وازن هو تركيا، وها هي تركيا العضو في الناتو تجد حليفها الأقرب مع دولتين، واحدة يصنّفها الناتو كمصدر خطر أول هي روسيا، وثانية يصنفها الناتو كعدو إقليمي أول، هي إيران.

– حرب التأشيرات بين واشنطن وأنقرة هي الأولى من نوعها بين زعيم الناتو وأحد أركانه، منذ تأسيس الحلف الذي يبدو أنه من ذكريات انتهت صلاحيتها، وصارت عبئاً على أصحابها، فيما تتبلور تحالفات جديدة بحسابات جديدة، ويغيب آخر بقايا نظام ما بعد الحرب العالمية الثانية، مع غياب الناتو، الذي غاب عن السمع عندما تمادت أنقرة قبل عامين في استفزاز موسكو وطلبت المؤازرة، ليظهر أنّ الحلف قد مات وينتظر مراسم دفنه.

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Now the consequences of BREXIT are clearer we should be allowed a second referendum

Reverse Brexit with second referendum to save your economy OECD tells UK

‘The positive impact on growth would be significant,’ influential thinktank says of reversing Brexit – as it forecasts £40bn cost of ploughing on

Economic experts have made an explosive suggestion of a further referendum to reverse Brexit, to avoid the crippling of the British economy.

The influential Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) said the deadlock in the exit talks now threatened a “disorderly Brexit”, with severe consequences.

Its report controversially puts the case for a dramatic rethink on the agenda – suggesting halting EU withdrawal is a route to avoiding that fate

May must stand up to Johnson to unlock Brexit talks, says

“In case Brexit gets reversed by political decision (change of majority, new referendum, etc), the positive impact on growth would be significant,” the report said.

The suggestion is certain to infuriate Brexiteers, but will bolster campaigners calling for the British public to be given a second vote, when the “facts of Brexit” are known.

The report was immediately seized on by one pro-EU group as the “final nail in the coffin for the already long-buried notion that Brexit will benefit our economy”.

The OECD analysis suggests a “no-deal” Brexit would wipe up to a staggering £40bn off UK economic growth by 2019.

The UK economy will grow 1.5 per cent slower in 2019 if the country crashes out of the EU without a trade deal or a transition deal with the bloc in March 2019, it said.

Crucially, it makes the assumption that trade talks will break down – triggering a hard Brexit and slapping tariffs on imports and exports between the EU and UK.

Wes Streeting, a Labour MP and supporter of the Open Britain group, said: “Today’s OECD analysis should be the final nail in the coffin for the already long-buried notion that Brexit will benefit our economy.

“A hard Brexit or walking away without a deal would wreak even more punishment on the UK economy.

“The Government can avoid this if they drop their ideological and self-imposed red lines and start negotiating for continued membership of both the single market and the customs union.”

The OECD admitted that Brexit negotiations were difficult to forecast, and could “prove more favourable” than assumed in its report – boosting trade, investment and growth.

But it warned the very real threat of no deal would spark a sharp reaction by financial markets, sending the exchange rate to new lows and leading to a downgrade in the UK’s sovereign rating.

“Business investment would seize up, and heightened price pressures would choke off private consumption,” the report said.

“The current account deficit could be harder to finance, although its size would likely be reduced.

There are also risks that Scotland and Northern Ireland could vote to stay in the EU, in a second referendum, which would have a “major” impact on the national economy

Brexit damage to UK ‘quite considerable’: Senior banker

Brexit damage to UK ‘quite considerable

  1. A Pro-European Union protester holds Union and European flags in front of the Victoria Tower at The Palace of Westminster in central London, September 13, 2017. (Photo by AFP)
A Pro-European Union protester holds Union and European flags in front of the Victoria Tower at The Palace of Westminster in central London, September 13, 2017. (Photo by AFP)

The UK’s exit from the European Union (EU) will have a “quite considerable” damage in the long run, says Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS) chairman Howard Davies, warning that the government of Prime Minister Theresa May has little time to prevent a jobs exodus.

Davies, who was chosen to lead the government-owned bank in 2015, told Sky News on Sunday that May and his ministers were facing a “very, very, very tight” time frame to strike Brexit deal with the EU leaders before major finance firms moved jobs abroad.

“If we go in for Brexit we will find that jobs will leave the City and there will be a re-balancing of financial activity within Europe,” he said, naming European finance centers such as Paris, Amsterdam or Frankfurt as possible destinations.

The senior banker suggested “quite considerable” damage was awaiting London over time because American, Japanese and Chinese banks had already “chosen to put the enormous lion’s share of activity in Europe based in London”.

“They’re now re-balancing and that’s going to happen whatever the outcome of the Brexit negotiations are,” he said, arguing that companies were concerned as negotiations were “taking quite a long time.”

He said the UK should clarify by the first three years of the next year the terms of a transitional Brexit deal if it wishes to keep things under control by March 2019, the negotiations deadline.

He said the time frame of EU talks revealed the “unwisdom” of triggering the Lisbon Treaty’s Article 50 “without knowing what the endpoint was.”

May invoked the formal notice for EU departure on March 29 to begin the two-year process.

PM to prove ‘doomsayers’ wrong

May, who has promised to take the UK out of the EU even if it requires a Hard Brexit, was expected to give a speech to the parliament later on Monday.

According to British media reports, the premier was going to describe the government’s ambition for a “new, deep and special partnership between a sovereign United Kingdom and a strong and successful European Union.”

Noting that “progress will not always be smooth,” May was going to reiterate the need for a “spirit of friendship and co-operation” in the talks.

Half of UK Citizens Support Idea of Holding Second Referendum on Brexit, including Nigel Farage

Half of UK Citizens Support Idea of Holding Second Referendum on Brexit

in favour of a 2nd referendum

Brexit negotiations turned out to be harder than expected as no progress yet has been made on major issues. The recent poll proves that British citizens could occasionally change their minds on the issue of UK withdrawal from the European Union.

MOSCOW (Sputnik) — Just over half of surveyed UK citizens, or 51 percent, support a second referendum on Brexit in some form, while 39 percent oppose the idea, a poll by Politico newspaper and Greenberg Quinlan Rosner Research company showed on Monday.

The number of people, who feel “hopeful” about the outcome of the country’s future after Brexit has decreased and now stands at 46 percent, according to the poll.

A large-scale UK divorce settlement with the European Union proved unpopular with the nation as 60 percent oppose the idea of paying Brussels 50 billion pounds ($56.6 billion), while only 23 percent said it would accept it. The lower settlement of 30 billion pounds is considered unacceptable by 54 percent and backed by 29 percent, the poll indicated.

Majority of the surveyed also expressed their discontent with the direction “that things in this country are going” as 52 percent think that the direction is “wrong” and only 30 percent consider that the direction is “right.”The poll was conducted on September 11-13 with some 1,200 taking part in the survey.

The United Kingdom voted to leave the bloc in a referendum in 2016. Brexit negotiations between London and Brussels officially kicked off on June 19, and are due to be completed by the end of March 2019

Boris Johnson bashing: Foreign Sec ridiculed as ‘joke’ by Trump team, EU diplomats & UK officials

Boris bashing: Foreign Sec ridiculed as ‘joke’ by Trump team, EU diplomats & UK officials

Boris bashing: Foreign Sec ridiculed as ‘joke’ by Trump team, EU diplomats & UK officials

US President Donald Trump’s team does not want to work with Boris Johnson because “they think he’s a joke,” it has been claimed.

White House officials, as well as diplomats across Europe, are confused by Prime Minister Theresa May’s decision to make Johnson Britain’s foreign secretary and do not take him seriously, according to the Times’ Rachel Sylvester.

Johnson, who went up against May in the race to succeed David Cameron as PM, has been accused of insulting foreign counterparts and demeaning his own office on numerous occasions since becoming foreign secretary last year.

Diplomatic sources told Sylvester that figures in Trump’s team “don’t want to go anywhere near Boris because they think he’s a joke.”

“It’s worse in Europe. There’s not a single foreign minister there who takes him seriously. They think he’s a clown who can never resist a gag,” a current British minister added.

Another Tory MP said “The French think Boris is totally unreliable, the Germans think he’s lying and the Italians think he’s dangerous. He is undermining our ability to negotiate internationally and degrading our position abroad. The foreign secretary is supposed to enhance Britain’s reputation but all over the world Boris is making matters worse.”

Civil servants in the Foreign Office are “horrified” by Johnson’s lack of discipline and professionalism, Sylvester adds.

“It’s all about managing Boris, not respecting him,” she quotes one Whitehall source as saying.

“He’s got no concentration span so it’s difficult to have a detailed discussion with him. The whole thing is completely ramshackle for someone who is supposed to be so clever. He doesn’t know what he thinks so he flies by the seat of his pants,” the source added.

Downing Street responded to the newspaper by saying it had “full confidence” in Johnson and that he was “doing a good job.”

Concerns about Johnson have also been raised in the left wing British media. The Guardian’s Owen Jones wrote on Tuesday that the foreign secretary is a “national humiliation.”

Jones says the charge sheet against Johnson was extensive before he was appointed.

“Here was a man who described black people as ‘piccaninnies’ with ‘watermelon smiles,’ who suggested Barack Obama’s opposition to Brexit was driven by his ‘part-Kenyan’ ancestry.

“As editor of the Spectator, he published articles describing black people as having smaller brains and lower IQs and blaming Liverpool fans for the Hillsborough disaster. If equal marriage should be permitted, he once wrote, then why not allow ‘three men, as well as two men, or indeed three men and a dog’ to get hitched?” he added

 

#Brexit Corbyn vows to block ‘sweetheart’ trade deal between May, Trump which would almost certainly signal the end of the NHS

Corbyn vows to block UK-US trade deal

British Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn (Photo by AFP)
British Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn (Photo by AFP)

UK Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn says he will make sure that a “sweetheart” trade deal between British Prime Minister Theresa May and US President Donald Trump will never go through after the UK’s exit from the European Union (EU).

Speaking to Huffington Post on Wednesday, Corbyn said any trade deal like the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) was not good for the UK because it was going to flood the markets with “cheap food.”

“Now I don’t want to get involved in every aspect of what is happening in US politics internally but what I do say is that we want a trade relationship with the rest of the world that is fair and just,” he said.

“We don’t want a sweetheart deal with Donald Trump that is going to look a lot like TTIP,” he added.

The Labour leader has long been pushing for maintaining the UK’s access to the EU Single Market, a special tariff-free zone that would be closed on the UK after Brexit.

May has made it clear that she would take the country out of the EU, even if she cannot reach a deal with the EU to address the issue.

Corbyn said at a rally in Stornoway later in the day that the UK could not turn its back on the European market.

“We are determined to secure tariff-free access to the European market and to carry on trading at the same level as we do now. We can’t do anything other than that,” he argued.

He accused British International Trade Secretary Liam Fox and the ruling Conservative Party of trying to get a trade deal with the US that would harm British values.

“What they are trying to do is a ‘sweetheart deal’ with the US, the equivalent to TTIP which will be damaging to labor standards in this country, will be damaging to environmental regulations and which will be damaging to the kind of society that we have,” he added.

In late July, Trump said in a tweet that he was working on a “major trade deal” with the UK.

Earlier that month, he met May on the sidelines of the G20 meeting in Hamburg, assuring her that “trade will be a very big factor” in their “special relationship.”

#Brexit :The proposed Trump-Tory trade deal is absolutely nothing to celebrate

Source

The disgraced Liam Fox has been in America begging the United States for a trade deal to save face over the absolute shambles his Tory colleagues are making over Brexit, but be warned, any such Trump-Tory trade deal will be a disaster for Britain and the British people.

Donald Trump has scrawled a lunatic Twitter rant to talk up a trade deal and deride the EU as “protectionist”. It’s as if Trump sees EU nations protecting their own economies, workers and environments from monstrosities like chlorine-washed chicken products, US deregulation demands, the rapacious US private health sector, and the opaque and anti-democratic US-based ISDS legal industry as terrible “crimes” that he’s confident that the Tory government won’t dare to commit when grovelling for the trade deal they need so very much more than he does.

Trump may a bigoted loudmouth, but he’s not too thick to see a dupe to be taken for every penny they’ve got when he sees one. And a nation that’s backed itself into a diplomatic corner by turning its back on its main allies (8 of Britain’s 10 biggest trading partners are in the Single Market) is just such a dupe as far as Trump is concerned.

Especially since it’s a nation led by a bunch of inept self-serving charlatans with a long history of gleefully selling off their nation’s assets and selling out their fellow citizens for a few pieces of corporate silver.

Brexiteer-in-chief Nigel Farage was quick to retweet Donald Trump’s deranged raving as if it represented some kind of proof that Brexit Britain has a glorious future, rather than being proof that Mr “America First” is a total hypocrite when it comes to protectionism.

What Trump seems to be referring to with his accusation that the EU is “protectionist” is the breakdown of the of the proposed TTIP trade deal between the EU and the US, which is dead in the water because several EU27 nations have sworn to veto it.

Aside from the astounding hypocrisy of an accusation of protectionism from a President who keeps on espousing protectionist policies and blabbering on about “America First”, there’s also the fact that Brexiters like Nigel Farage who cynically used legitimate concerns about the TTIP corporate power grab to fearmonger about the EU are now wildly celebrating the idea of a Trump-Tory corporate power grab that would make TTIP look almost acceptable in comparison.

Nigel Farage and the Brexiters have manoeuvred the UK in this desperate position where we have to go begging Trump for a fanatically right-wing corporate feeding frenzy of a trade deal when the Americans know we’re in such a diplomatically weak position that we’ll have to cave in to all of their pro-corporate demands.

When it comes to your common Brexiter they’re likely to be way too ill-informed to even acknowledge that we’ve put ourselves in such a desperate position of diplomatic weakness where we need a trade deal with the US a hell of a lot more than they need one with us.

But when it comes to the likes of Nigel Farage, the disgraced Liam Fox, and US-born Boris Johnson, you really wouldn’t put it beyond them to have deliberately manoeuvred the UK into this position of subservience to US corporations because their loyalty to their corporate paymasters far exceeds their loyalty to Britain and the British people.

When the Americans begin demanding that we allow their chlorinated chicken and other abominations onto our supermarket shelves, that we trash our environmental standards and our workers’ rights, that we carve open our NHS for the benefit of US health companies, and that we abandon our national sovereignty to allow secretive US based corporate tribunals to override our democratic and judicial systems, just remember Nigel Farage’s smug face, and remember who was to blame for manipulating the UK into such a position of weakness that such a TTIP on steroids Trump-Tory corporate power grab could even be possible.

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