Beirut Blast Anniversary: The Dust has yet to Settle

4-8-2020

Source: Al Mayadeen

By Rasha Reslan

Residents of Beirut are still traumatized by the Beirut port blast. The shocking scenes of the devastated waterfront set a new standard for the horror the blast caused at the time with no answers provided so far.

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Beirut blast: No satisfactory answers were provided yet

On August 4, 2020, one of the largest non-nuclear explosions in the history of mankind ground Beirut’s Port and damaged more than half of the city. Tonnes of ammonium nitrate, a combustible chemical compound commonly used in agriculture as a high nitrate fertilizer, caused the explosion.

A year full of scars

Ahead of the one-year anniversary of the blast, the marks of the explosion, which led to the martyrdom of around 217 people, injury of more than 7,000, and the displacement of over 300,000 remain engraved in the city, as the Lebanese people still await the truth.

Dr. Sam Rigby, Senior Lecturer in Blast and Impact Engineering at the University of Sheffield, said, “The disaster that hit Beirut was devastating and we hope that nothing like that ever happens again. This was an unprecedented event because never before has such a large explosion been so well documented.”

Official investigation: No answers yet

In a country that has witnessed assassinations and bombings over the last two decades, none of which have been solved, except in rare cases, and with none of the perpetrators being held accountable, the Lebanese are still waiting for answers to determine who is to blame and what caused the tragedy.

Today, the Lebanese capital remains a ghost town, with little progress made in determining who is to blame for the disaster. Furthermore, the official investigation is battling to hold those responsible accountable as a result of decades of inefficiency, corruption, and political influence.

The investigation has been referred to Lebanon’s judicial council. So far, it has ordered the arrest of 25 people, including the Port’s Director and the Head of Lebanon’s Customs Authority, and has taken more than 50 witness statements.

Beirut blast probe targets officials 

Reviewed government documents showed that many Lebanese officials were well aware of the dangers posed by the large chemical stockpile long before last year, as reported by The Washington Post

According to the documents, responsibility for the ammonium nitrate was passed around for years among various public and private entities, including the Ministry of Public Works and Transport, the judiciary, the army, and even a private explosives company.

Families of the Beirut Blast victims demand accountability

On December 10, 2020, Lebanese Judge Fadi Sawan, the first investigative judge appointed, charged some former Lebanese MPs with “criminal negligence”, according to Amnesty International.

Simultaneously, Judge Sawan halted the investigation for nearly two months on December 17, 2020. Soon after, on February 18, 2021, Lebanon’s Court of Cassation dismissed Judge Sawan.

On July 2, 2021, the new judge assigned to the case, Judge Tarek Bitar, submitted a request to the parliament to lift the parliamentary immunity of three MPs who once held ministerial positions. Bitar also requested permission to prosecute security service leaders, including the former Army Chief, Jean Kahwagi.

According to the state-run National News Agency, Bitar decided to summon a number of powerful politicians and security officials for questioning as suspects, which could result in charges against them related to the blast.

“In July 2021, investigative judge Tarek Bitar demanded permission to investigate MPs and high-level security officials, including MP and former Finance Minister Ali Hasan Khalil, MP and former Public Works Minister Ghazi Zeaiter, and MP and former Interior Minister Nouhad Machnouk, as well as the Head of General Security Directorate Major General Abbas Ibrahim, and the Head of State Security Major General Tony Saliba, over the explosion,” according to Amnesty International.

In an interview for Al Mayadeen, former minister Ali Hassan Khalil said that the charges and criticism leveled against him were not justified, even though he was aware of the presence of hazardous material in the port, arguing that this was only aimed at diverting the course of the investigations.

Moreover, a recent investigation published by the Human Rights Watch (HRW) says that the investigation is hindered and has been marked by “obstruction, evasion, and delay”, including “flagrant political interference”.

“Official conduct, in a context of longstanding corruption and mismanagement at the Port, allowed for tonnes of ammonium nitrate, a potentially explosive chemical compound, to be haphazardly and unsafely stored there for nearly six years,” the same report added.

Furthermore, official documentation strongly suggests that some government officials anticipated and “accepted the risks of death posed by the presence of ammonium nitrate in the port”, according to the same report.

Public rage: Justice shall be served

A year after the Beirut blast, public anger in Lebanon is mounting, owing to a stalled investigation, a devastating economic crisis, and political paralysis. 

🇱🇧 A year ago today. Still nobody has been held accountable. #BeirutBlast pic.twitter.com/vQy34TQrWG— PiQ (@PriapusIQ) August 4, 2021

The victims’ families have called for marches at 3:30 (12:30 GMT) toward the port, where prayers will be made. The names of the victims of the explosion will be read between six and seven minutes after the explosion.

During a press conference on Monday, the victims’ families set a 30-hour deadline for officials to lift the immunity of officials summoned to appear before the judiciary by the investigative judge.

The families of the victims of the port explosion and activists call for accountability, launching viral campaigns on social media with the hashtags “#Justice for the victims of Beirut Port explosion,” or urging demonstrations, with various hashtags such as #we are all victims, and “#we Will Not Forget”.

Beirut Blast in Numbers

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The Right of the Palestinian People to Self-Determination under “Israel’s” Colonial Occupation

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July 29, 2021

Source: Al Mayadeen

Afreen Rizvi

From Palestine and South Africa to the Americas and Australia, settler-colonists [have] violently fought to prevent the indigenous people, that were colonised, from fighting for liberation.

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This article explores Palestine’s right to self-determination under “Israel’s” illegal occupation. This paper seeks to demonstrate that since the Balfour Declaration that was issued by the British Government in 1917, there have been politically driven strategies deployed to gradually liquidate the Palestinian people. The indigenous people of Palestine have been faced with systematic persecution, apartheid policies and brutal occupation; as such, it is submitted that the Palestinian people must be able to exercise their right to self-determination. I will begin with a discussion on self-determination as a right before outlining the historical background of the “Israel”-Palestine issue, and the political allyship of each entity apart. 

Self-Determination in International Law

The principle of self-determination, as it is understood today, evolved from a principle to a right, triggering much debate over the years. It denotes the legal right to peoples to decide their own destiny in the context of international order.[1]There are two aspects to self-determination: internal and external. Internal self-determination is the right of the people to govern themselves without any other interference, this includes the independence to freely choose their own political, economic and social system.[2] External self-determination on the other hand is the right for peoples to determine their own status politically – this allows the establishment of an independent state. After the First World War, and specifically after his famous “Fourteen Points” speech, US President Woodrow Wilson declared that, “Peoples may not be dominated and governed only by their own consent. ‘Self-determination’ is not a mere phrase. It is an imperative principle of action, which statesmen will henceforth ignore at their peril.”[3] The right of self-determination was introduced to the UN Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples in 1960, and subsequently adopted by the UN General Assembly Resolution 1514 in the same year. Additionally, the UN Charter stated that one of the purposes of the United Nations was “respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples.”[4] Upon adopting the Declaration of Decolonisation, the UN underlined the necessity of ending colonialism and through this declared, inter alia, that the right to self-determination was not limited. 

It is important to note that the right of self-determination has been cited extensively by the UN assembly, Security Council, and is enshrined in various treaties as well as in decisions made by the International Court of Justice (ICJ). The following excerpt from the aforementioned declaration was subsequently introduced in Article 1 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and Article 1 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) providing a detailed legal definition of self-determination, and this definition is used in various international and national treaties and documents.[5]

“All peoples have the right to self-determination; by virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social, and cultural development.” 

It is widely accepted that the right of self-determination is applicable to “peoples” in colonial territories, as well as others who do not fall in the category of being colonised or oppressed, the only difference is they have to exercise their rights internally. The right of self-determination is no longer limited to the conventional colonial independence scenarios, such that various ethnic and cultural groups of people within different states effectively rely on the right of self-determination in order to declare their independence.[6] A common argument often presented against the right of self-determination is that the principle of territorial integrity in relation to states is challenged by the principle of self-determination – as it is the will of the people that fundamentally leads to the legitimacy of a state. This indicates that people are not only free to choose their state but also their territorial boundaries. However, in accordance with the Helsinki Final Act of 1975, the United Nations and International Court of Justice demonstrated that there is no contradiction between territorial integrity and the right of self-determination.[7] In that context, it is necessary to add that Koskenneimi argued that “It is doubtful whether the statement of principle was intended to be taken literally… its revolutionary potential was tempered by the Final Acts strong emphasis on territorial integrity.”[8]

In the context of Palestinian self-determination, I submit that “Israel” is a colonial entity that has occupied Palestinian territory; thus, the Palestinian people must be able to exercise this right. It is imperative to note that under international law, only groups categorized as “peoples” have the right to self-determination. The interpretation of “peoples”, however, continues to cause confusion. For example, one may question do all “peoples” need to share one ethnicity or location? If so, where would be the place that gathers people who are a part of multi-ethnic states? With regard to Palestinians, “Israel” has already officially accepted the existence of the “Palestinian peoples” in the Camp David Accords signed with Egypt in the year 1978.[9]

Moreover, it is argued that the right of self-determination can heavily disrupt the essence of peace, such that political communities may resort to force if their demands are not met.[10] Violence was also exhibited in the case of Nigeria after the British authorities recognized three main groups, Igbos, Hausa-Fulani and Yoruba. These groups were legally recognized after seeking independence. These minority groups were effectively excluded from the political sphere and the impact of this devolution caused further ethnic divide and political strife[11]. It is claimed that the violence that erupted between 1965-1967 with Nigerians and Biafrans signified that exercising the right of self-determination leads to political and ethnic turmoil.[12] 

In response to this argument, it is contended that despite self-determination struggles usually portrayed as violent and brutal measures, people should still have the freedom to exercise this fundamental right. It is important to understand that colonial settlers aggressively battled to preserve their right of conquest as their own right to self-determination. Till present day, “Israel” has committed war crimes, most notably in Gaza. From Palestine and South Africa to the Americas and Australia, settler-colonists [have] violently fought to prevent the indigenous people, that were colonised, from fighting for liberation, thus the argument that self-determination leads to violence and brutality does not hold much weight in this context considering it is no different to the measures taken by colonising entities.[13] Further to this, in the past, the UN has failed to sustain peace even with states that exercised their right to self-determination, as noticed with the case of Cyprus.[14] Conflicts among states exist irrespective of self-determination, therefore the premise of this argument is incorrect. It may be more suitable to look beyond the UN paradigm if we ought to find lasting solutions to such conflicts.

The Palestine-Israel Conflict

In order to better understand the Israel-Palestine conflict, it is necessary to present the issue within the historical framework of decolonisation struggles. Historically, the world has witnessed decolonisation struggles beginning with violence as a result of a people being denied independence and liberation by the colonising entity. The Palestinian struggle against the Zionist ethnonationalist entity has lasted since the 20th century; the story of Palestine is on political independence, liberation, and putting an end to the apartheid Israeli regime. Whilst Zionists argue that “Israel” has a historic right to Palestinian land, it is imperative to note that had it not been for the involvement of European imperial powers, most notably Britain, there would have not been any creation of “Israel”. In November 1917, Britain the de facto ruler of Palestine, issued the Balfour Declaration. The eighty-word statement by Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour announced support for the establishment of a “national home for the Jewish people” in Palestine. 

In 1922, five years after the Balfour Declaration, the “League of Nations” approved the British Mandate for Palestine and the establishment of a “Jewish homeland.” The decision of the mandate did not consider the will of the Palestinian people or their fundamental rights. Between 1939 and 1949, there were a series of mass protests that took place against Jewish immigration to Palestine as well as armed Zionist groups launching attacks against the indigenous people of Palestine[15]. It is necessary to note that in 1947, the UN adopted Resolution 181, a partition plan for Palestine which was subsequently rejected by the Palestinians. The UN General Assemblies plan was to partition Palestine between the native Palestinians and the Jewish colonial settlers. Throughout 1948-1949, the Palestinians were attacked by Zionist forces. Villages and hotels were bombed near Haifa demonstrating early signs of ethnic cleansing. In April 1948, one month before the State of “Israel” was created, Zionist forces massacred over 100 250 Palestinians in the city of Deir Yassin[16] which is in close proximity to Jerusalem. In December of 1948[17], the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 194 which allowed the right of return of Palestinian refugees. This is a brief explanation of how the state of “Israel” came into existence. In 1974, Yasser Arafat, a Palestinian Political leader stated:

“The [UN] General Assembly partitioned what it had no right to divide – an indivisible homeland.”

“Israel” consistently and tactically made use of Occupation Law to further acquire Palestinian land whilst simultaneously arbitrarily arresting and targeting Palestinian people through the use of apartheid policies. It is argued that “Israel” has used UNSC Resolution 242 to justify and legitimate these actions through “political framework shaped by U.S intervention”[18] as mentioned by Noura Erakat, a human rights attorney and Palestinian activist. Erakat claims that the Occupation Law failing to regulate Palestinian territories effectively, is a result of a political, not a legal contest. It is asserted that “Israel’s” argument that the Palestinian territories are simply under their administration, would hold no weight were it not for the political powers involved in the region. 

Furthermore, it is also argued that the United States has favoured “Israel” to such an extent that the US dismisses “Israel’s” violation of international law and allows the state to carry out war crimes without facing any repercussions besides blanket statements. As a result of the Occupation Law that “Israel” takes advantage of, Palestinian territories remain occupied, Palestinian people are systematically being ethnically cleansed[19], and their fundamental rights such as the freedom of movement are infringed.

The Human Rights Watch published a report in April 2021, in which it was made very clear that for the past 54 years, Israeli authorities have transferred Jewish Israeli’s to the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OTP) and “granted them a superior status under the law as compared to Palestinians living in the same territory when it comes to civil rights, access to land, and freedom to move, build, and confer residency rights to close relatives.”[20] In 1970, the General Assembly Resolution 2625 added that “Every state has the duty to respect this right in accordance with the provision of the charter.” Therefore, “Israel” and the international community as a whole should not be denying the Palestinians their right to self-determination. Palestine should be able to manage its own affairs without the interference of external and colonial entities. It is important to understand that the Palestinian people have witnessed the occupation of their lands, forced expulsions to neighbouring lands, military bombardment, and erasure of their identity. As such, the struggle for independence and self-determination should be welcomed by all. 

Ali Abunimah, a policy adviser, argues that self-determination “must return to the center of the Palestinian struggle”[21]. To add, Abunimah asserts that the Palestinian right to self-determination can indeed be compatible with the coexistence of Jews. It is claimed that the United States has a long history of deciding the fate of the Palestinian people. For instance, as per the Clinton Parameters, “Israel” would get “Jewish neighbourhoods” and the Palestinians would get “Arab neighbourhoods”. In hindsight, this meant that “Israel” would be allowed to keep the land it has colonised and annexed since 1967, and the people of Palestine would be able to have what is left – which Israeli occupation forces and settlers continue to annex and occupy till today. America’s “peace process” has allowed “Israel” to aggressively maintain their illegal occupation of the Palestinian people.[22] 

Professor Noam Chomsky in his book ‘On Palestine’[23] highlights that “Israel’s” policies are directly connected to the Zionist ideology that “both aim to establish a Jewish state by taking over as much of historical Palestine as possible and leaving in it as few Palestinians as possible.” Chomsky, a Jewish historian and activist, further claims that the international community has “never condemned” the Israeli entity which led to the enormous expulsion of 750,000 people and the destruction of hundreds of villages and towns. In addition to this, Chomsky states that “ethnic cleansing has become the DNA of Israeli Jewish society.” Erasing the Palestinian land and people should be enough of a reason for the remaining people of Palestine to exercise their right to self-determination. There are distinct similarities between Palestine and the apartheid in South Africa. The Israeli Knesset authorises legislation that separates, segregates, and discriminates against the Palestinians. A recent report by Human Rights Watch also backs up this claim:

“Israeli authorities methodically privilege Jewish Israelis and discriminate against Palestinians. Laws, policies, and statements by leading Israeli officials make plain that the objective of maintaining Jewish Israeli control over demographics, political power, and land has long guided government policy.”[24]

The United States of America remains a close ally of “Israel”. The U.S provides financial and military support to “Israel” which has been used criticised by several human rights agencies as this funding is used to perpetrate human rights abuses against the Palestinians, particularly in the Gaza Strip. In the Ten-Year Memorandum of Understanding between the United States and “Israel”, $38 billion has been promised to “Israel” from the U.S beginning in 2016.[25] This includes $3.3 billion in Foreign Military financing and $500 million for missile defence programs. Several U.S politicians declare their support for “Israel” and do not shy away from mentioning “Israel has every right to defend itself” despite the fact that it is “Israel” that is committing heinous crimes against the Palestinian people. As mentioned by Chomsky, as a result of political power and close relationship with the U.S, “Israel” has been able to act with impunity since 1948. The U.S also has a history of blocking UN resolutions[26] against “Israel”. According to UN data, since 1972, the US has vetoed at least 53 United Nations Security Council resolutions that are critical of “Israel”[27]. 

Contrastingly, Palestine does not have such strong allies. Palestinian resistance leaders have announced receiving military and financial support from the Islamic Republic of Iran; however, I submit that as Iran is a sanctioned country, the support offered to Palestine may not be as much as the support offered by the U.S and the UK to “Israel”. The UK has consistently and repeatedly sold arms to “Israel” despite its illegal occupation of Palestine.[28]

In conclusion, the people of Palestine have every right to self-determination, and this can be understood just by investigating the crimes perpetrated by “Israel” against the Palestinians, and the systematic oppression they have faced as a people. Since 1969, the General Assembly has recognised the “inalienable rights of the people of Palestine”[29] In 1974, member states of the UN worked to restore the “Question of Palestine” on the General Assembly agenda, and as such Arab heads of states upheld the “right of the Arab Palestinian people to the return to its homeland and its right to self-determination.”[30] Some weeks later the General Assembly passed resolution 3236 which mentioned “Recognizing that the Palestinian people are entitled to self-determination in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,” and (a) The right to self-determination without external interference”. It should be noted that the General Assembly condemned governments which failed to recognise the right to self-determination and independence of peoples under “colonial and foreign domination”. For the Palestinians to exercise this right, the Israeli entity must vacate from the occupied areas in order to establish an independent Palestinian state. The United Nations has again affirmed its commitment to the Palestinian right to self-determination. In November 2020, the UN General Assembly endorsed a draft resolution once again recognising “the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination, including their right to an independent State of Palestine.”[31] 163 states voted in favour of this resolution, whilst 5 states voted against this, namely: “Israel”, The United States of America, Micronesia, Nauru, and the Marshal Islands. Tomis Kapitan eloquently argues that legitimate residents of Palestine include all Palestinians irrespective of where they are located in Palestine, including Palestinian refugees outside of the country. He states that “expulsion does not remove ones right of residency… Palestinians also retain residency rights in those territories from which they were expelled.”[32] Kapitan asserts that the Palestinian people, as a collective, have the “entitlement to being self-determining in that region [historic Palestine]… not qua Palestinians, but qua legitimate residents. The force used against them has not erased the fact that they are, and are recognized as being; a legitimate unit entitled to participate in their own self-determination.”[33]

Whilst some may argue that the Palestinian right to self-determination is an anti-Semitic stance, it should be duly noted that a Palestinian state would include Jews, Muslims and Christians. It is in fact the Zionist entity that remains anti-Semitic by expulsing and rejecting Jewish natives from enjoying their rights in Occupied Palestine. It should be remembered that the Palestinian right to self-determination is legal and in accordance with international law. For the state of Palestine to be completely independent, colonial settlers will have to return to the European countries they entered from and respect international law. To end, a group of academics including Palestinians and Israelis issued a One State Declaration in 2007, inspired by the South African Freedom Charter and declared: “The historic land of Palestine belongs to all who live in it and to those who were expelled or exiled from it since 1948, regardless of religion, ethnicity, national origin or current citizenship status; Any system of government must be founded on the principle of equality in civil, political, social and cultural rights for all citizens. Power must be exercised with rigorous impartiality on behalf of all people in the diversity of their identities.[34]

sources

[1]https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/self_determination_(international_law)#:~:text=Self%2Ddetermination%20denotes%20the%20legal,destiny%20in%20the%20international%20order.&text=For%20instance%2C%20self%2Ddetermination%20is,right%20of%20%E2%80%9Call%20peoples.%E2%80%9D

[2] Salvatore Senese, ‘External and Internal Self-Determination’ [1989] 16(1) Social Justice <https://www.jstor.org/stable/29766439?seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents&gt; accessed 9 May 2021.
[3] Wilson, War Aims of Germany and Austria (1918).
[4] UN Charter, Art 1 (2).
[5] https://www.un.org/development/desa/indigenouspeoples/wp-content/uploads/sites/19/2018/11/UNDRIP_E_web.pdf

[6] Quane, Helen. 1998. “The United Nations and the Evolving Right to Self-Determination.” The International and Comparative Law Quarterly 47(3): 537–572.

[7] Johan D. Van der Vyer, ‘Self-Determination of the Peoples of Quebec under International Law’ [2012] 10(1) Journal of Transnational Law & Policy 38
[8] Martti Koskenniemi, ‘National Self-Determination Today: Problems of Legal Theory and Practice’ [1994] 43(2) The International and Comparative Law Quarterly <https://www.jstor.org/stable/761238&gt; accessed 10 May 2021.
[9] J Massad, ‘Against Self-Determination’ [2018] 9(2) Humanity 161-191
[10] M Evangelista, ‘Paradoxes of Violence and Self-determination’ [2015] 14(5) Formerly Global Review of Ethnopolitics <https://doi.org/10.1080/17449057.2015.1051811&gt; accessed 3 May 2021.
[11] B Ibhawoh, ‘Testing the Atlantic Charter: linking anticolonialism, self-determination and Universal Human Rights’ [2014] 18(7) International Journal of Human Rights 1-19

[12] Beardsley, Kevin, David E. Cunningham, and Peter B. White. 2015. “Resolving Civil Wars before They Start: The UN Security Council and Conflict Prevention in Self-Determination Disputes.” British Journal of Political Science 47(3): 675–697.
[13] https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/israel-gaza-latest-palestinian-happening-b1852170.html
[14] Tobias Nowak and Charis Van den berg, ‘Alternative Approaches to Self-Determination Applied to the Cyprus Conflict’ [2020] 15(5) Transboundary Legal Studies <https://research.rug.nl/nl/publications/alternative-approaches-to-self-determination-applied-to-the-cypru&gt; accessed 7 May 2021.
[15] https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-role-of-jewish-defense-organizations-in-palestine-1903-1948
[16] M Hogan, ‘The 1948 Massacre at Deir Yassin Revisited’ [2001] 63(2) The Historian <https://www.jstor.org/stable/24450239&gt; accessed 10 May 2021.

[17] https://interactive.aljazeera.com/aje/palestineremix/timeline_main.html
[18] Noura Erakat, ‘Taking the Land without the People: The 1967 Story as Told by the Law’ [2017] 47(1) Journal of Palestine Studies 18-38 
[19] Lucy Garbett, ‘I live in Sheikh Jarrah for Palestinians, this is not a ‘real estate dispute’’ (The Guardian, 17 May 2021) <https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2021/may/17/palestinians-sheikh-jarrah-jerusalem-city-identity&gt; accessed 17 May 2021.
[20] https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/04/27/threshold-crossed/israeli-authorities-and-crimes-apartheid-and-persecution
[21]Ali Abunimah, ‘Reclaiming Self-Determination’ ( Shabaka: The Palestinian Policy Network, 21 May) <https://al-shabaka.org/briefs/reclaiming-self-determination/&gt; accessed 10 May 2021.[22]https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/us-role-peace-process-perspective
[23]Noam Chomsky, On Palestine (Penguin Books 2015)

[24] https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/04/27/threshold-crossed/israeli-authorities-and-crimes-apartheid-and-persecution
[25] https://il.usembassy.gov/ten-year-memorandum-of-understanding-between-the-united-states-and-israel/
[26] https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/5/19/a-history-of-the-us-blocking-un-resolutions-against-israel
[27] https://www.un.org/depts/dhl/resguide/scact_veto_table_en.htm
[28] https://caat.org.uk/resources/countries/israel/
[29] https://www.un.org/unispal/document/auto-insert-196558/
[30] United Nations
[31] https://prc.org.uk/en/news/3213/un-votes-overwhelmingly-in-support-of-palestinian-self-determination
[32] Tomis Kapitan, “Self-Determination,” in Tomis Kapitan and Raja Halwani, The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Philosophical Essays on Self-Determination, Terrorism and the One-State Solution (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), pp. 13-71.
[33] Ibid.
[34] “The One State Declaration,” The Electronic Intifada, 29 November 2007

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Palestinian Teenager Martyred by Israeli Occupation Forces

24 Jul 10:02

Source: Al Mayadeen

At least 320 Palestinians were injured across the West Bank in confrontations with the Israeli occupation forces, according to the Palestinian Red Crescent.

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More than 320 Palestinians were hurt in confrontations with Israeli occupation forces

A 17-year-old Palestinian boy, Muhammad Mounir Tamimi, was martyred after he was brutally shot in his stomach by Israeli occupation forces during confrontations in the town of Nabi Salih in the West Bank on Friday afternoon.

The Israeli occupation forces raided the town of Nabi Salih. Simultaneously, Palestinians confronted the Israeli occupation, protesting against the expansion of a nearby Israeli settlement.

Meanwhile, more than 320 Palestinians were hurt in confrontations with Israeli occupation forces, including nine by live fire, in the West Bank village of Beita and the village of Osrin, Nablus district, according to the Palestinian Red Crescent.

Furthermore, medics reported Israeli violations against medical staff, including two incidents where ambulances were directly attacked by the Israeli occupation forces.

 The Israeli occupation forces said two soldiers were “lightly injured” in the confrontations.

During the last few days, Tens of Palestinian youths confronted the Israeli occupation forces, as the “night confusion” activities were resumed in the “Givat Eviatar” outpost on Jabal Sbeih in the town of Beita, south of Nablus in the northern occupied West Bank.

The Palestinian youths and Beita residents continue their “night confusion” activities to confront the settlers’ attempt to seize the lands of Jabal Sbeih and establish a new outpost on the top of the mountain.

In the meantime, a periodic report prepared by the “Hamas” media department in the West Bank detected 748 various acts of resistance against the occupation and its settlers during last June, during which Nablus witnessed 26 “night confusion” activities against the occupation forces and settlers.

Jabal Sbeih is the center of a wide range of “night confusion” activities carried out by Palestinians, extending until late at night.

For over two and a half months, Beita has been witnessing daily confrontations in the Jabal Sbeih area between the occupation soldiers and Palestinian youths.

160 Academics Urge EU to Ban “Israeli” Universities Complicit in Tel Aviv Crimes

July 23, 2021

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By Staff, Agencies

One-hundred and sixty academics from 21 countries demand that the European Union exclude all “Israeli” academic institutions complicit in the regime’s violation of international law and the rights of Palestinians from the EU’s taxpayer-funded research programs.

This is according to the official Palestinian news agency Wafa quoting a press statement issued by the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions [BDS] movement on Friday.

The academics include the past and current recipients of some of the most prestigious EU research funding programs, including the European Research Council and the Marie Sklodowska Curie Fellowship.

The “Israeli” entity’s latest round of violence, the statement said, was part of its “decades-long campaign of repression” against “Palestinians who are an occupied, stateless people under a settler-colonial and apartheid regime.”

The statement commended an existing policy of the EU which bans the allocation of research funds to “Israeli” entities located in the occupied territories.

The European Commission recently announced that research and innovation activities funded by the union must comply with ethical principles and be in conformity with international law. This, however, has not been the case on several occasions.

The EU should extend “the prohibition of European research funds to include ‘Israeli’ institutions complicit in ‘Israel’s’ violations of Palestinian human rights, regardless of where they are situated,” the statement read.

It also pointed to evidence on “the relationship between ‘Israeli’ academic institutions and the systematic state practices of settler colonialism, and the crimes of apartheid and persecution.”

There has been an “emerging consensus among some of the most prominent human rights organizations,” the statement added, and war crimes perpetrated by the “Israeli” entity are characteristic of a single regime expanding from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea.

In recent weeks, nearly 350 academic departments, programs, unions, and associations, and over 23,000 university faculties, staff, and students have endorsed statements supporting the Palestinian rights or calling for accountability measures to end complicity in the entity’s violations.

The BDS movement was initiated in 2005 by over 170 Palestinian organizations that were pushing for “various forms of boycott against ‘Israel’ until it meets its obligations under international law.”

Tens of thousands of volunteers worldwide have since then joined the movement, which calls for people and groups across the world to cut economic, cultural and academic ties to Tel Aviv, to help promote the Palestinian Cause.

Israel Bombs in Homs Province, the Second Aggression in 48 Hours

 ARABI SOURI  

Israel bombs Al Qussayr Homs Syria 22 July 2021

Israel carried out its second bombing within two days during the Islamic holiest Eid holiday, this time it targeted some posts in the Qussayr region in the southwest of Homs province.

A Syrian military spokesperson in a statement conveyed by SANA said: “At about 1:13 in the morning today, the Israeli enemy carried out air aggression from northeast Beirut, targeting some points in the Al-Qusayr area in the Homs countryside. Our air defense media confronted the aggression’s missiles and shot down most of them, while the damage was limited to material.”

Ever since the Syrian air defense units shot down an advanced Israeli F16 fighter jet and caused severe damage to an even more advanced Israeli F35 in February 2018, Israeli fighter jets have completely avoided entering the Syrian air space to carry out their bombings, a flagrant violation of International Law, the UN Charter, the 1974 disengagement agreement and the related United Nations Security Council Resolution 350 of the same year.

The video is also on BitChute.

This latest aggression comes from northeast of the Lebanese capital Beirut; Lebanon is known to have a US-owned army with no air or air defense capabilities, furthermore, the Saudi-loyalist Lebanese officials have been trying hard to use the Lebanese army against their opponents in their country with the blessings of the USA and prevent allowing their country’s army to procure military gears from sources not approved by the United States of America. The Lebanese Army is in such bad shape that the Army commander had to go on a tour abroad literally begging for food for his troops.

The Syrian army can enforce an air shield over the Lebanese air space against Israeli intruding fighter jets and missiles but avoiding to do so in order to prevent a renewal of the Lebanese civil war as Saudi-sponsored militia will consider the Syrian air defense cover over their country as a violation of their independence and sovereignty, unlike the Israeli fighter jets which are welcomed by them! The Syrian army might, however, take the step sooner than thought before as the Israelis are repeatedly taking advantage of this particular situation to attack Syria. The Anti-Lebanon Mountains form a large, high, and tough terrain which Israel uses to fire its missiles against Syria from behind these mountains and instantly flee back to their bases.

After removing the war criminal Netanyahu who is accused of corruption, even by Israel’s standard, the current Israeli regime is trying its best to export its internal problems by instigating a regional war taking advantage of the presence of US troops in the region before their withdrawal as planned by the Biden Junta. Israel needs these US troops to be sacrificed in the war it’s trying to start to drag the United States into its war in order to protect the Israeli settlers.

The humiliating failure of the Israeli army in its latest aggression against Gaza at times of its top readiness when it was preparing for its largest military drill delivered a severe blow to the morale of the Israeli soldiers and settlers, and after its repeated humiliating failures in the face of the Lebanese Hezb Allah resistance, the Israeli leadership needs any aggression to regain some of that lost morale before its settlers start packing and return to their home countries en masses.https://syrianews.cc/israel-bombs-masyaf-in-central-syria-on-christmas-eve-as-expected/embed/#?secret=1SWGyH1kMyIsrael chooses religious anniversaries to carry out its aggression

Furthermore, the losses of the NATO-sponsored terrorists in Syria and the imminent Syrian army’s military operation to clean the regions still infested by these terrorists in parts of the north of Syria is another reason the Israelis are carrying out these attacks, to give the terrorists an illusion that they’re not alone fighting the Syrian army when needed. The Syrian leadership has vowed to liberate the last inch of Syria from these terrorists and said that these Israeli attacks will not help save those terrorists.

These latest Israeli escalations can only be seen in this context. Readers must keep in mind that any Israeli aggression is always sanctioned by the US regime and is always covered by the sitting US regime especially after the latest US-Israeli understanding dubbed ‘zero surprises’. Israel by itself is incapable of existing without such US support let alone attack its neighbors.

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Pegasus Project: Why I was targeted by Israeli spyware

The building housing the Israeli NSO Group is pictured in 2016 in Herzliya (AFP)
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Madawi al-RasheedMadawi al-Rasheed is visiting professor at the Middle East Institute of the London School of Economics. You can follow her on Twitter: @MadawiDr

20 July 2021 09:34 UTC

Madawi al-Rasheed

My work to expose the crimes of the Saudi regime led to a hacking attempt on my phone. Today, I am overwhelmed by feelings of vulnerability and intrusion

The Orwellian prediction finally came true. I knew it was only a matter of time before the Saudi regime tried to hack my phone, using Pegasus software manufactured by the private Israeli security company NSO Group.

This development highlights the consolidation of a new axis of evil: IsraelSaudi Arabia and the UAE have become a chorus of malicious powers aiming to stifle activism and the quest for democracy in the region. Israel provides knowledge; the others provide funds.

I have spent more than half my life writing, researching and teaching. You wouldn’t expect me to be hacked. But such professional activities are a crime in Saudi Arabia

The privatisation of the Israeli security apparatus, and the mushrooming of private companies founded by ex-defence and ex-Mossad agents, is a threat not only to Palestinians in Israel, Gaza and the occupied West Bank, but also to all Gulf citizens, with Israeli spyware sold to dictatorships across the Arab world.

In return, Israel gains access to the inner intelligence circles and deep states of the Gulf – enabling it to hold them hostage for a long time to come. Israel supports Gulf autocracies, thinking that this guarantees its own security forever. But Israel is wrong.

Normalisation with Israel is not only immoral because of the Palestinian plight; it is also an existential threat to all Gulf nationals seeking political reform in their own countries. The so-called “only democracy in the Middle East” has so entrenched its apartheid system that no propaganda can salvage it, and strong public objections to Arab regimes’ normalisation with Israel will only intensify in the months and years ahead.

Saga of surveillance

The UAE plays a key role in the saga of surveillance by Israeli private companies. Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has fallen under the spell of Mohammed bin Zayed, his UAE counterpart. Forget the “tallest buildingbusiest airport and ministries of tolerance and happiness” – which are at the core of UAE propaganda – and remember that bin Zayed is bin Salman’s mentor.

The two are united by their hatred of democracy, political diversity, freedom of speech and human rights. Both are now key to an axis of evil overseen by malicious Israeli technology, whose alleged raison d’etre is to help governments catch criminals and terrorists. Yet, it is being used against peaceful activists.

Pegasus: How it hacks phones and spies for NSO clients

graphic

Forbidden Stories, a Paris-based NGO specialising in defending journalists and human rights activists, obtained more than 50,000 telephone numbers targeted globally by Israeli malware on behalf of NSO clients, mainly governments. They alerted various media outlets, and with the support of Amnesty International, launched the Pegasus Project.Pegasus: Khashoggi contacts among ‘thousands targeted by Israeli spyware

The findings showed that in April 2019, there was an attempt to hack my phone, but it was unsuccessful. While this is a relief, I am overwhelmed by feelings of vulnerability and intrusion.

To obtain evidence from the Pegasus Project, I had to submit the contents of my phone – in which my private and professional life was stored – to their technology team.

I sat in front of a computer screen for three hours, watching my virtual life travel to the Amnesty International lab, where a search for malware was conducted. I received evidence of the failed April hacking attempt the same day.

Controlling the narrative

As a British citizen of Saudi origin, I have spent more than half my life writing, researching and teaching. You wouldn’t expect me to be hacked. But such professional activities are a crime in Saudi Arabia, where the regime is determined to control the narrative about the past, present and future.

My crime is that I punctured this narrative, using academic research skills and access to Saudis whose voices remain muted. All my research has focused on giving a voice to the voiceless, which inevitably involves interviewing Saudis inside and outside the country. My debunking of official Saudi lies bothers the regime, which has spared no opportunity to tarnish my reputation, accusing me of being an agent of western governments, Turkey, Iran, Qatar, and previously Libya and Iraq.

Saudi government agents murdered Jamal Khashoggi in Istanbul in October 2018 (AFP)
Saudi government agents murdered Jamal Khashoggi in Istanbul in October 2018 (AFP)

In the 1990s, the regime targeted me with direct threats of violence – but with the advent of the internet, such threats have become virtual, propagated by regime agents. Hacking my phone is only the latest episode.

In 2014, my Twitter account was hacked in search of sensational scandals, and possibly clandestine plots with other Saudi exiles. The hackers must have been disappointed not to find any of this, but they did expose my private conversation with Sheikh Awad al-Qarni, a key Islamist figure who sent me greetings and asked me not to augment my criticism of the Islamist movement’s silence when prominent Saudi human rights leaders were detained.

Regime spies launched a campaign to discredit Qarni for sending a direct message to an unveiled woman, such as myself. Qarni has been in prison for several years.

Lives in danger

I never had anything to hide, as everything I knew was documented and published in books and articles. I had no secrets, but this was not the point. I cherished my privacy and loathed the Saudi intrusion into my life. I also worried about those who communicate with me from within the country, as their lives could be in danger.

Among the charges against Mohammed al-Otaibi, a human right activist, was storing my books and articles on his computer. He is still in prison. It is my responsibility to protect those who confide in me and want their voices to be heard.

While the April 2019 assault on my device was unsuccessful, I am sure there will be other attempts in the future

The murder of Jamal Khashoggi in October 2018 coincided with greater Saudi surveillance of exiles in Britain, Canada and elsewhere. The shock over the gruesome details of chopping up a peaceful journalist was compounded by fears of hacking. This was the first time exiles had heard of NSO helping the Saudis to hack the phone of a young exile based in Canada, Omar al-Zahrani, who had communicated with Khashoggi about establishing a media platform to debunk Saudi propaganda.

The financial cost of securing my phone was colossal, but it was worth it. While the April 2019 assault on my device was unsuccessful, I am sure there will be other attempts in the future.

Back in 2019, I was involved in discussions with other exiles in three countries about forming a political party, which could explain the attempt to infiltrate my phone at that time. The regime wanted more details about who would sponsor such a project – and who the culprits were. The project materialised on 23 September 2020,  the day the kingdom celebrates its national day, as a small group of activists, including myself, announced the establishment of the Saudi National Assembly (NAAS). Yahya Asiri, the general secretary, was hacked, and his name appears in the Pegasus files. 

Standing against oppression

I moved from academia to political activism because the Saudi regime committed heinous crimes, and the lives of exiles, including my own, were in danger. The Saudi regime targeted me when I was an academic, and again after I became an activist. Such attacks will surely continue in the months and years ahead.

In April 2019, I was also writing a book on state-society  relations. The villain was none other than bin Salman, who has detained hundreds of Saudis and precipitated the flight of scores more.

I was baffled by western media depictions of the prince as a modern reformer, while Saudi prisons were bulging with innocent prisoners of conscience, women were campaigning against discrimination, and a young diaspora was coming together around the globe. My book, The Son King, was definitely a faux pas.

How Israeli spy tech reaches deep into our lives

In 2019, a new virtual Saudi opposition-in-exile was beginning to be formed, standing against oppression and dictatorship. NAAS relies on social media to connect and exchange ideas, making it extremely vulnerable, as the murder of Khashoggi and the hacking of activists’ phones has demonstrated. In the wake of the Pegasus Project revelations, NAAS will surely revert to old methods of mobilisation, meetings and activism.

Thanks to Israeli malware, UAE complicity and Saudi intrusions, exiles will have to search for secure methods to share information and to mobilise. As many have taken refuge in the US, Canada, Britain and across Europe, these states have a responsibility to protect them from Saudi surveillance. Otherwise, there is a real risk the Khashoggi saga could be repeated.

Diplomacy must be activated to stop the axis of evil from spreading more fear, apprehension and possibly murder – and if that doesn’t work, sanctions should be pursued, at the very least in Britain, where two of the founders of NAAS reside.

The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye.

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Syria: Israeli Terrorist Attacks Will Not Be Able to Protect Its Agents of Terrorist Organizations

 July 20, 2021

Syria Foreign Ministry

Syria affirmed that Israeli terrorist attacks will not be able to protect its agents from terrorist organizations, including al-Nusra Front, ISIL and the White Helmets terrorists, nor will they be able to prevent the Syrian Arab Army from fighting the terrorists and their sponsors.

The Foreign and Expatriates Ministry said in a statement on Tuesday that at 23.37pm on Monday evening, July 19, 2021, Israeli occupation authorities perpetrated an air aggression on the Syrian territory by launching missiles on al-Safira area in the southeast of Aleppo province .

The statement added that the aggression coincided with missiles attacks launched by al-Nusra terrorists on some areas in Aleppo and the north of Hama province from their terrorist dens in Idlib , which they control as a result of support and funding provided by the US and the Turkish occupation forces to al-Nusra and other armed terrorist organizations linked to Israel.

The statement said that the Syrian Arab Republic warns Israel of the serious repercussions of its persistent aggression under false pretexts , of its continuous support to armed terrorist organizations and of its continued occupation of Arab lands , including the Occupied Syrian Golan holding Israel responsible for the acts .

The statement conclude by calling on the Security Council to fulfill its obligations within the framework of the UN Charter ,to preserve international peace and security, condemn the blatant Israeli aggression, and take firm and immediate measures to prevent these repeated aggressions and hold Israel accountable for its terrorism and crimes against the Syrian people.

SourceSANA

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The Families of the Gaza Martyrs between Two Eids: Life Is A Short Dream أهالي شهداء غزّة بين عيدَين: الحياة كحُلم قصير

The Families of the Gaza Martyrs between Two Eids: Life Is A Short Dream

July 20, 2021 

The Families of the Gaza Martyrs between Two Eids: Life Is A Short Dream

Translated by Staff, Al-Akhbar Newspaper

The mother of the two martyrs, Ibrahim and Imran al-Masri, never forgot the moment when she separated from her two sons. She relives it even during Eid, especially since they passed away during the days of Eid al-Fitr. On that day, she left the house and headed to the market of Beit Hanoun to buy Ibrahim’s Eid clothes. Her husband was supposed to take care of Imran’s after breakfast.

“Ibrahim was my friend. He followed me on my way to the market, so I asked him to go back where his fate was awaiting him,” the grieving mother recalls.

“I still feel that I am in a dream. The years that Ibrahim and Imran spent in my arms are short, but the incident of their martyrdom is quick, and their farewell is quick as well. Everything went away in a blink of an eye.”

“Until this moment, I feel that Ibrahim and Imran will return to my house, knock on the door, and enter.”

Alaa Abu Hatab is the only survivor of a massacre in which ten members of the Abu Hatab and Al-Hadidi families perished. The feeling of loss prevented him from buying Eid clothes and toys for his daughter Maria, the only survivor of his family. However, he had to prepare a big pot of coffee to receive mourners on the the first day of Eid al-Adha. This family, whose house was bombed in Al-Shati Camp, greets the Eid with double the heartache – it lost several children on the second day of Eid al-Fitr as they played with other kids. This was an attempt by their families to help the children take their mind off the aggression.

 Abu Hatab remembers that night all too well.

Just after midnight, four Al-Hadidi children were being accompanied by their mother to visit their relatives from the Abu Hatab family.

“On that day, we gathered the children with their parents to provide them with a playful atmosphere that would make them forget the horrors of war. After midnight, I left the house to buy them dinner. Moments after I left, huge explosions struck the area,” Alaa said.

“I came back, and I thought the explosion was from our neighbors’ house, but I was surprised that bombs from the warplane fell on our entire house.

“Everyone who was in the house, ten people, including eight children and two sisters, perished. And I stayed with little Maria.”

The man and his only daughter aren’t thinking about visiting his family’s graves on the first day of Eid, hoping to postpone this heavy task until the third day.

Meanwhile, Alaa Abu Al-Awf, who lost 14 members of his family, including his wife and two daughters, in the Al-Wahda Street massacre, decided to spend the morning of the first day of Eid visiting his family’s graves.

“I find no other place to comfort my loneliness today but to be close to them,” the bereaved man said.

Abu Al-Awf’s mind wanders off as he talks in his destroyed house.

“We used to mark the morning of Eid with our special tradition: Eid prayer, the slaughter of a sacrifice [livestock], warm family quarrels – mostly between those who like to eat the liver of the sacrifice and those who cannot stand the smell of it cooking, the eidiyah, then the journey of distributing the sacrifice rations to the relatives.”

His eyes fill with tears as he continues, “Everything has become a memory. May God have mercy on them and give us patience.”

In addition to the families of the martyrs, the families whose homes were destroyed live in a similar atmosphere.

“The house in Gaza is a homeland, the homeland of memories and the warm details,” says Muhammad al-Madhoun.

“Every year, we’d prepare a place in front of the house door where we slaughtered the sacrifice. The young men if the family would gather in front of the house before going in groups to visit relatives,” he adds.

Today, however, the seven-member al-Madhoun family, lives in a rented house.

The young man in his twenties says, “Eid will pass as a stranger, not only because our house was destroyed, but because there are no prospects for reconstruction.”

Al-Madhoun’s pessimism stems from “Israel’s” procrastination. The “Israelis” have tied the reconstruction of the Gaza Strip to demands for concessions from the resistance on the issue of captured soldiers and a long-term armistice understandings in exchange for easing the siege, which the resistance categorically rejects.

أهالي شهداء غزّة بين عيدَين: الحياة كحُلم قصير

الثلاثاء 20 تموز 2021

يوسف فارس

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يتأثر ملف إعادة إعمار القطاع باشتراطات إسرائيل تقديم المقاومة تنازلات (أ ف ب )

غزة | لا تحتفظ والدة الشهيدَين، إبراهيم ومروان المصري، باللحظات الأولى لفراق ولدَيها فحسب، إنما تعيشها واقعاً، حتّى في أجواء العيد، ولا سيّما أنهما رحلا خلال أيام عيد الفطر. يومها، كانت قد غادرت البيت، وتوجّهت إلى سوق مدينة بيت حانون، لكي تشتري ملابس العيد لإبراهيم. وكان من المفترض أن يتكفّل زوجها بمهمّة «كسوة» عمران، بعد الإفطار. تقول الأم المكلومة: «كان إبراهيم صديقي، لحق بي وأنا في طريقي إلى السوق، فطلبْت منه أن يعود، فكان قدره ينتظره». وتُكمل: «ما زلت أشعر بأنني في حلم، السنوات التي قضاها إبراهيم وعمران في حضني قصيرة، وحادثة استشهادهما سريعة، ووداعهما سريعٌ أيضاً، كلّ شيء مضى بلمح البصر». وتضيف: «حتى هذه اللحظة، أشعر بأن إبراهيم وعمران سيعودان إلى بيتي، يطرقان الباب، ويدخلان».

علاء أبو حطب، الناجي الوحيد من مجزرةٍ قضى فيها عشرة أقارب من عائلتَي أبو حطب والحديدي، منعته أجواء الفَقد من شراء ملابس العيد والألعاب لطفلته ماريا، الناجية الوحيدة من عائلته. ومع ذلك، تَعيّن عليه أن يجهّز قدراً كبيراً من القهوة، ليستقبل المعزّين في صبيحة أوّل أيّام عيد الأضحى. فهذه العائلة، التي قُصف منزلها في مخيّم الشاطئ، تستقبل أجواء العيد بحسرة مضاعفة، كونها كانت قد فقدت أطفالها في ثاني أيام عيد الفطر، أثناء تجمّعهم مع أطفال آخرين للعب، في ظلّ محاولة ذويهم جعلهم يتجاوزون ظروف العدوان. يستذكر أبو حطب تفاصيل تلك الليلة جيداً. بعد منتصف الليل تحديداً، كان أربعة أطفال من عائلة الحديدي برفقة والدتهم، في زيارة لأقاربهم من عائلة أبو حطب. يقول علاء: «يومها، جمعْنا الأطفال مع ذويهم، لكي نوفّر لهم أجواء اللعب التي تنسيهم أهوال الحرب، وبعد منتصف الليل، خرجْت من المنزل لأشتري لهم العشاء، وبعد لحظات من خروجي، دوّت انفجارات هائلة في المنطقة». ويتابع: «عدت، وكنت أظنّ بأن الانفجار في بيت جيراننا، ولكن فوجئت بأن قنابل الطائرات سقطت على منزلنا بالكامل». وينهي حديثه قائلاً: «قضى كلّ مَن كان في المنزل، وهم عشرة أشخاص، كان بينهم ثمانية أطفال وسيّدتان شقيقتان، وبقيت أنا برفقة الصغيرة ماريا». لا يفكّر الرجل وابنته الوحيدة في زيارة قبور عائلته في أوّل أيّام العيد، مشيراً إلى أنه سيؤجّل هذه المهمّة الثقيلة على نفسه إلى اليوم الثالث.

إلى جانب عائلات الشهداء تعيش الأُسَر التي دُمِّرت منازلها أجواءً مماثلة


أمّا علاء أبو العوف، الذي فقد 14 شخصاً من عائلته، من بينهم زوجته وابنتاه، في مجزرة شارع الوِحدة، فقد قرّر أن يقضي صبيحة أوّل أيّام العيد في زيارة قبور عائلته. يقول الرجل: «لا أجد مكاناً آخر يؤنس وحشتي اليوم، سوى أن أكون قريباً منهم». يسرح أبو العوف بعيداً، أثناء حديثه في منزله المدمَّر، ويقول: «كُنّا في صبيحة يوم العيد نحافظ على أجوائنا الخاصة: صلاة العيد، ثم ذبح الأضحية، ثمّ خلافات العائلة الدافئة، بين من تَحب أن تأكل من كبد الأضحية، ومن لا تُطيق رائحة طهوها، ثمّ العيديّة، ثمّ رحلة توزيع حصص الأضاحي على الأقارب». ويتابع الرجل، وقد امتلأت عيناه بالدموع: «كلّ شيء أصبح ذكرى… الله يرحمهم ويصبرنا بعدهم».

إلى جانب عائلات الشهداء، تعيش الأُسَر التي دُمِّرت منازلها أجواءً مماثلة، فـ»المنزل في غزة وطن، وطن الذكريات، والتفاصيل الدافئة»، كما يقول محمد المدهون. ويضيف: «على باب البيت، كُنّا نجهّز كلّ عام مكاناً نذبح فيه الأضحية، وأمام المنزل يتجمّع شباب العائلة قبل التوجّه في جماعات لزيارة الأقارب والأرحام». أمّا اليوم، فتعيش عائلة المدهون، المكوّنة من سبعة أفراد، في منزل استأجرته. ويقول الشاب العشريني: «سيمرّ العيد غريباً، ليس لأنّ منزلنا قد دُمّر فقط، ولكن لأن آفاق إعادة الإعمار تبدو غائبة». تشاؤم المدهون مردّه مماطلة إسرائيل. فملفّ إعادة إعمار القطاع بالذات، يتأثّر باشتراطات هذه الأخيرة تقديم المقاومة تنازلات في ملفّ الجنود الأسرى، والدخول في تفاهمات هدنة طويلة الأمد، في مقابل تخفيف الحصار، وهو ما ترفضه المقاومة بشكل قاطع.

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‘Israeli’ Occupation Forces Dismantle Dozens of Palestinian Homes in West Bank

By Staff, Agencies

‘Israeli’ occupation forces this week confiscated the homes of 84 Palestinians in Ramallah Governorate and a structure accommodating a family of eight in the northern Jordan Valley, United Nations [UN] humanitarians said on Friday.

The Zionist military took at least 49 structures in the Ras al-Tin, Ramallah Governorate displacement on Wednesday, said the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs [OCHA]. Citing initial assessments, the office said the structures include homes, animal shelters, solar power systems, water tanks and tractors with trailers and animal fodder.

The herding community moves to Ras al-Tin every summer for grazing but now is at heightened risk of forcible transfer from the area.

In the Thursday action in Humsa Al-Bqaia in the northern Jordan Valley, the occupation forces confiscated a recently installed structure used by a family, including six children, who lost their previous homes in another incident last week, OCHA’s ReliefWeb reported.

“The United Nations has repeatedly called on ‘Israel’ to halt its demolition and confiscation of Palestinian property and bring its conduct in line with its obligations as an occupying power under international humanitarian law,” OCHA said.

“The ‘Israeli’ authorities have demolished, seized or forced people to demolish at least 474 Palestinian-owned structures, including 150 donor-funded ones, displacing 656 people, including 359 children, across the West Bank” this year, OCHA said.

“This represents a near 70 percent increase in the number of people displaced, with a near 75 percent increase in children, compared with the equivalent period in 2020.”

Israeli Ethnic Cleansing: A Crime Against Humanity

July 18, 2021

By Stephen Lendman

Source

Revanchist Israeli regimes expand the territory of the world’s only borderless state on a platform of state-sponsored ethnic cleansing indigenous people from their homes, possessions and land — to make way for exclusive Jewish developme

nt and use.

Palestinians throughout the Occupied Territories are targeted for removal by brute force on land Jewish state extremists want for themselves.

B’Tselem earlier explained what long-suffering Palestinians endured throughout Jewish state history, saying:

“For decades, Israeli authorities…implementing a policy aimed at driving out scores of communities, that are home to thousands of Palestinians.” 

“They have made living conditions miserable and intolerable with a view to establishing facts on the ground and taking over these areas.”

Longstanding Israeli policy seeks “Jewish supremacy from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea” — what the scourge of apartheid is all about, state-sponsored tyranny by another name.

Over 14 million people live in the above area, half of them Palestinians denied their fundamental rights as affirmed by international human rights law.

Hundreds of thousands of settlers live on stolen Palestinian land, illegally annexed for their use.

Israeli regimes pursue their aims by state terror and other illegal means.

Creation of Israel was a case study in ethnic cleansing on a horrific scale, transforming historic Palestine into an apartheid Jewish state.

The lives and welfare of its indigenous inhabitants were irreparably disrupted, a massive refugee population created internally and abroad in neighboring states – one of history’s great crimes without punishment.

On Palestinian land Israeli regimes want for Jews only, unwanted indigenous families are uprooted, their homes demolished, followed by forcefully removing them from their land.

Time and again, Israeli courts uphold the illegal practice, including its highest, in pursuing a policy of maximum Jews and minimum Arabs on all valued land between the Jordan River and Mediterranean Sea.

Dominant Zionist extremists believe for Israel to survive, it must dominate the region and become a world power.

Achieving its imperial aims requires dividing Arab nations into small, easily controlled states – partitioning them along ethnic and sectarian lines as weakened Israeli satellites. 

Internally, Israel is hellbent on territorial expansion by stealing it from indigenous Palestinians and neighboring states in defiance of international law.

Palestinians seeking redress through Israeli and international courts fail because Jewish tribunals and the world community have done nothing to hold the Jewish state accountable for its highest of high crimes.

It’s been this way throughout Jewish state history since 1948 — nearly three quarters of a century of injustice, notably backed by the US-dominated West.

One among countless examples of Israeli ethnic cleansing occurred last week, explained by B’Tselem, saying:

On July 7, “Israeli military and Civil Administration personnel arrived at the tent-dwelling community of Khirbet Humsah in the Jordan Valley” with sweeping ethnic cleansing in mind.

They forcefully “dismantled and confiscated tents housing numerous community members along with everything inside them, loading them onto trucks…”

Dispossessed Palestinians were forced into buses “in sweltering heat.”

Refusniks in defense of their land and possessions were expelled by by brute force.

“Initial reports indicate the forces demolished the homes of at least nine families, leaving 60 people homeless.” 

“Soldiers and Civil Administration staff continue to load the contents of the homes onto military trucks” as of late last week. 

“B’Tselem is still collecting exact information about the property that was confiscated and destroyed.”

What happened repeats time and again throughout the Occupied Territories — a crime against humanity under international law.

Responsibility for ethnic cleansing like the above lies with Israeli ruling regimes, its military and other security enforcers, along with Jewish state High Court “justices…who lend legal legitimacy” to what flagrantly breaches core international law, B’Tselem explained, adding:

What repeats time and again throughout the Occupied Territories is “a badge of shame for the international community…” 

Instead of upholding the rule of law, the world community and world body leadership “absolved (themselves) of the obligation to demand Israel respect the human rights of Palestinians living under its control and allowed (themselves) to be satisfied with empty rebukes lacking any practical consequences.”

The EU’s shameless complicity in Israel’s crimes

ولیعهد ابوظبی گرفتار کابوس خودساخته - میدل ایست نیوز

David Hearst

14 July 2021 14:43 UTC

Israel works actively, day and night, to quash all forms of resistance and bury the dream of a Palestinian state

A Palestinian woman outside the house of Montaser Shalabi after it was demolished by Israeli forces in the village of Turmus’ayya near Ramallah in the occupied West Bank, 8 July 2021 (AFP)


Two months after Palestinians rose to defend al-Aqsa Mosque and contest the evictions in occupied East Jerusalem, the conflict barely registers on the world stage. Media coverage is sporadic and selective. It’s all quiet on the Western Front.

No one in the EU council reminded Lapid of what Israel is doing actively to tear down Palestinian homes and bury a Palestinian state

Israel’s new foreign minister, Yair Lapid, has once more become the acceptable face of Israeli rejectionism. Delivering the same message as his predecessors, Lapid was given a quiet ride at the Foreign Affairs Council, the EU’s chief foreign policy body, in Brussels this week.

He felt comfortable telling the EU that there was no possibility of a Palestinian state. So at ease was he that he wagged his finger at his European audience. “There is one thing we need to remember. If there will be a Palestinian state, it needs to be a peace-seeking democracy… You cannot ask us to build with our own hands another threat to our lives,” said Lapid.

No one in the council challenged him. No one reminded Lapid of what Israel is doing actively, day and night, to tear down Palestinian homes – with their own hands – and bury a Palestinian state. 

The following is a brief (and almost certainly incomplete) list of what happens in Palestine when nothing happens.

When nothing happens

Mohammed Said Hamayel, aged 15, was shot. When the villagers tried to evacuate the wounded boy, they were shot. By the time they reached his body, he was dead, according to eyewitnesses.

A second boy from the same clan, Mohammed Nayaf Hamayel, was shot and wounded. These were not clean wounds. The internal damage the boy received was immense: his spleen was seriously damaged because of the bullets the Israelis use, which fragment and turn inside the body. A total of four Palestinians from Beita were killed in demonstrations. 

On 29 June, a butchery in al-Bustan, Silwan, was demolished, the first of 20 units that received demolition orders on 7 June. Israeli police fired rubber-coated bullets to disperse a crowd aiming to protect their homes.

On 3 July, Mohammed Hasan, aged 21, was finishing work on his house in Qusra when it was attacked by dozens of armed settlers. They were attempting to break into the house. A group of soldiers arrived to surround the house while the settler attack continued. Hasan locked the doors and went to the rooftop, where he threw stones to fend off the attack. He was shot dead by the soldiers. Palestinian medics and ambulances were unable to reach his body.

Israeli Foreign Minister Yair Lapid (L) talks with Crotian Foreign Minister Gordan Grilc Radman (C) and European High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs Josep Borrell (R) (AFP)
Israeli Foreign Minister Yair Lapid (L) talks with Croatian Foreign Minister Gordan Grlic Radman (C) and European High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs Josep Borrell (R) in Brussels, 12 July 2021 (AFP)

On 7 July, the Israeli Civil Administration returned to the Palestinian herding community of Humsa in the Jordan Valley, accompanied by the military. According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, they demolished 27 residential and animal structures and water tanks. They took all the food and milk for the children, including their nappies and toys. Eleven households, comprising dozens of people, were left in the desert. Temperatures ranged from 37 to 42 degrees Celsius during the eviction period.

More arrests

While this was happening, the Knesset was debating the Citizenship and Entry Law, which bars almost 45,000 Palestinian families inside Israel and occupied East Jerusalem from uniting with their spouses and children.

Without Israeli documents, these people have no health insurance or Covid-19 jabs, and cannot travel. The law failed to be renewed but according to Israeli press reports, every application submitted by Palestinian families will be faced by the automatic rejection of Interior Minister Ayelet Shaked.

On 8 July, Ghandanfar Abu Atwan, aged 28, was released from 10 months of administrative detention, after 65 days on hunger strike. He was transferred to a hospital in the occupied West Bank, where doctors described him as clinging to life. Abu Atwan was arrested 10 months ago and has been held without charge. The Israeli government has no obligation to present any evidence to justify an arrest or detention. He is one of 520 Palestinians held in military jails without charge or trial.

On the same day, Israeli forces demolished the family home of Montaser Shalabi, a Palestinian American accused of involvement in a shooting that killed an Israeli student and wounded two others last May. The two-storey villa in Turmus Ayya was levelled in a controlled explosion.

Meanwhile, in the city of Akka in Israel, more than 200 Palestinians were arrested or detained, in the wake of the demonstrations in May. The mother of one of the detainees told Middle East Eye: “More than 30 militarised police forces raided our house at the break of dawn. They arrested my 16-year-old son, cuffed him and covered his eyes with black tape, and dragged him to a police car. They did the same to more than 20 youngsters.”

Palestinian demonstrators chant during a rally in Ramallah city in the occupied West Bank on July 11, 2021
Palestinian demonstrators chant during a rally in Ramallah city in the occupied West Bank on 11 July 2021 (AFP)

All of the above only elicited one statement of condemnation. It came from the US embassy in Jerusalem over the punitive demolition of a Palestinian American home. It called on all parties to refrain from unilateral steps that exacerbate tensions, which includes “the punitive demolition of Palestinian homes”.

EU-Israel common values

Now, please tell me how Lapid was allowed to tell the EU this week that Israel and the EU share common values. Lapid listed those common values as “human rights, rights for the LGBT community, a commitment to the basic components of democracy – a free press, independent judiciary, a strong civil society and freedom of religion”, along with “fighting together against climate change, international terrorism, racism and extremism”.

What common values does Israel share with the EU? Settler lynch mobs protected by armed soldiers? Illegal demolitions of houses and villages? Shoot-to-kill policies targeting children? 

But what Lapid omitted to mention, and what his hosts did not remind him of, was Israel’s other values: lynch-mob justice, forcible transfer, collective punishment, illegal demolitions of houses and villages, shooting to kill, maiming children and detention without trial.

Nor did Lapid mention that in July, the Supreme Court ruled that Israel’s nation-state law was constitutional and did not negate the state’s democratic character. This basic law states that the right to exercise national self-determination in the state of Israel is unique to the Jewish people. It openly discriminates against Israel’s Christian and Muslim citizens.

His was not a low-level visit. Lapid met with Josep Borrell, the high commissioner for foreign affairs, on Sunday, followed by the foreign ministers of Germany, France, Holland and the Czech Republic and the Nato secretary-general, Jens Stoltenberg. 

What common values does Israel share with the EU? Settler lynch mobs protected by armed soldiers? Illegal demolitions of houses and villages? Shoot-to-kill policies targeting children? The use of bullets that fragment inside the body? The prevention of medics attending the wounded? The passing of racist laws? Israeli citizens are not prevented from uniting with their English, French or German spouses – but they are if they happen to be Palestinian.

Is this what the EU or Nato call common values? None of what the various arms of the Israeli state, their settlers, their soldiers, their police, their administrators or their courts have done to Palestinians in the last weeks is new. 

However, it’s not business as usual.

Dialogue with bullets

The West Bank is in a ferment with weekly demonstrations, as much against the increasingly authoritarian Palestinian Authority (PA) as against the Israeli occupiers themselves. The PA has only further repression as an answer to the basic democratic demand for elections, which the ageing and out-of-touch president, Mahmoud Abbas, will surely lose. Israel-Palestine: Offering ‘concern’ solves nothing. It’s time for a new approachRead More »

The latest warning was given by Mahmoud Aloul, deputy chairman of Fatah and deputy to Abbas. He said: “Do not provoke Fatah because if you do, Fatah will not be merciful to anyone.” This authority has not held an election for 14 years. Is the failure to hold elections for 14 years part of the EU’s values ? The PA is funded by the EU.

The EU continues to look the other way. Those who look the other way are as responsible for these egregious crimes of occupation as those who carry them out. 

I would really like to know how Heiko Maas, the German foreign minister, Jean-Yves Le Drian, the French foreign minister, Sigrid Kaag, the Dutch foreign minister or Jakub Kulhanek, the Czech foreign minister, justify shaking hands with Lapid. An EU statement said: “They discussed the importance of enhancing EU-Israel relations and considered how to address existing challenges in order to achieve this common goal.”

They also spoke about “how the dialogue with Palestinians can be moved forward”.

With eviction orders, bulldozers and rubber-tipped bullets?

David HearstDavid Hearst is co-founder and editor-in-chief of Middle East Eye. He is a commentator and speaker on the region and analyst on Saudi Arabia. He was The Guardian’s foreign leader writer, and was correspondent in Russia, Europe, and Belfast. He joined the Guardian from The Scotsman, where he was education correspondent.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine(8 – 14 July 2021)

15  July 2021

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (8 – 14  July 2021)

8 – 14  July 2021

  • 13 Palestinians wounded, including 2 children and 1 female, in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank
  • Two IOF shootings reported at fishing boats and agricultural lands, northern Gaza Strip
  • In 126 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 72 civilians arrested, including 3 children, a woman, and a journalist
  • 45 Birzeit University students were arrested at an IOF military checkpoint in Ramallah, while returning from a visit to the demolition site of a Palestinian prisoner’s house
  • Collective punishment policy: IOF demolished the house of a Palestinian man in Israeli prison
  • Demolitions in occupied East Jerusalem:  residential building (4-floor) and sheep barn demolished by IOF, and two houses were self-demolished
  • IOF Demolitions across the West Bank: 11 barracks, 5 used for residence and the others used for commercial purposes; demolition notice served against a graveyard; a health clinic confiscated
  • Israeli settlers’ attacks in the West Bank: olive trees cut, civilians assaulted, and an electric grid damaged
  • IOF established 50 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 2 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary                                                                                        

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians, turning the West Bank into isolated blocks of land. Israeli settlement expansion on Palestinian properties and land continued.. Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip enters its 15th year under closure, exacerbating the humanitarian hardships across the territory.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

Thirteen Palestinians were wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, including two children and a female: 6 were wounded, including 1 child, in IOF attacks on a peaceful protest in Sabeih Mount, Nablus; a shepherd was wounded -and arrested afterwards- in Nablus; 5, including 1 child and a female, were wounded during an IOF incursion into Jenin refugee camp. Another Palestinian sustained critical wounds in Silwan, occupied East Jerusalem. Dozens suffocated due to tear gas inhalation, fired by IOF in its attacks in the West Bank.

In the Gaza Strip, 1OF shooting was  reported against agricultural lands, and another incident was reported against fishing boats at sea, in northern Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 126 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 72 Palestinians were arrested, including 3 children, a woman, a photographer, and a journalist.

In another blatant violations, IOF arrested 45 Birzeit University students on Wednesday, 14 July 2021, after ambushing them with a temporary military checkpoint at the entrance to Turmus Ayya village in Ramallah, while returning from a solidarity visit to Palestinian prisoner, Montaser Shalabi, house -which IOF demolished on 08 July 2021 in practice of its collective punishment policy against Palestinians. Twelve students were later released, while the others remain in IOF custody to this moment.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF arrested 3 Palestinians, including 1 child, while trying to cross the Gaza border fence in eastern Khan Younis. Two were later released, including the child.

Demolitions:

PCHR fieldworkers documented 10 violations:

Hebron: demolition notice served against a graveyard, health clinic confiscated in Yatta, two agricultural rooms destroyed and a wall in eastern Bani Naim.

Occupied East Jerusalem: 4-floor residential building destroyed in Shufat; 2 houses self-demolished in Jabel Mukaber and Silwan; sheep-barn barracks destroyed in Nabi Samuil.

Salfit: 5 commercial facilities (barracks) destroyed in Haris.

Qalqilya: cease-construction notice served against a house (under-construction) and two rooms were demolished in Azzun Atma.

Ramallah: 7 barracks (made with tin-plates) destroyed, including 5 used for residential purposes, 2 for cattle in al-Mughayer.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 3 attacks by Israeli settlers on Palestinian civilians and their properties:

Nablus: electric grid assaulted and 150 olive trees cut.

Hebron: Palestinian civilians and their lands assaulted in Yatta.

Collective punishment

As part of IOF collective punishment policy against Palestinians accused of carrying out attacks against IOF or settlers, on Thursday, 08 July 2021, IOF demolished of Montaser Ahmed ‘Ali al-Shalabi’s family house, Shalabi is a Palestinian from Ramallah imprisoned by Israel allegedly for killing a settler and wounding others in an attack earlier this year.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Israeli authorities continued to impose collective punishments against the people of the Gaza Strip by strictly tightening its closure on the Gaza Strip, which entered its 15th year, without any indication for a solution in the future, depriving the Gaza population from enjoying their economic, social, and cultural rights. This week, IOF loosened its restrictions on the movement of goods and individuals, which were enforced since the May IOF military aggression on Gaza, expanding the fishing area from 9 to 12 nautical miles, and allowed the export of agricultural and fabric goods to Israel, and the import of some raw materials and medical supplies via Karm Abu Salem crossing. IOF also announced that journalists working for international media organizations and the Palestinian Ministry of media would be allowed travel via Beit Hanoun crossing, as well as all those with appointments with foreign embassies or have medical training abroad.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the 2000 Second Intifada -still closed to this date- and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest, especially at al-Karama border crossing, alongside the Palestinian-Jordanian border.

Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity

  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 09 July 2021, a group of Palestinians gathered in central of Beita village, southeast of Nablus, and then headed towards Sabeih Mount, south of the city, where IOF established “ Avitar“ settlement outpost few weeks ago, to protest against the establishment of the outpost there. The Palestinians gathered in the western side of the mount, set fire to tires on a road leading to the mount. IOF indiscriminately opened fire at the protestors and clashed them. During which, the protestors threw stones at IOF, who continued to fire live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at the protestors. The clashes continued until 19:00 and resulted in the injury of 6 protestors, including a child. All of them were taken to Rafidia Hospital for treatment. During the clashes, IOF fired rubber bullets at an ambulance belonging to the Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS), breaking its windshield.
  • Following the Friday prayer, IOF suppressed a peaceful protest organized against settlement in Hizma village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. As a result, dozens of Palestinians suffocated due to teargas inhalation. Afterwards, dozens of Hizma villagers gathered in al-Thaghra area, where they performed the Friday prayer and then headed towards barbed wires that separate al-Thaghra area from the main street, protesting at the establishment of a settlement road in the village lands. The protestors carried Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against settlement. During which, IOF deployed in the area, surrounded the protestors and fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. As a result, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation. It should be noted that Israeli authorities built a settlement road on Hizma village lands, denying Palestinian citizens and shepherds access to their lands.
  • At approximately 21:00 on Sunday, 11 July 2021, IOF moved into Bir Ayoub neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF deployed on the neighborhood streets, closed the main street, established several military checkpoints, searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs, prevented them from entering the neighborhood, and forced them to pass through bypass roads. Afterwards, dozens of Palestinians gathered in the area, threw stones at IOF and their vehicles, and fired fireworks at them. IOF immediately assaulted the protestors, indiscriminately fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them and chased Palestinians who burned columns, where IOF’s surveillance cameras were fixed.

Accordingly, clashes erupted and continued until dawn hours. As a result, Harbi Nidal al-Rajbi (18) was shot with a live bullet in his back while getting out of his house and heading to perform ‘Isha paryer. Al-Rajbi was taken to al-Maqased Hospital in al-Tur neighborhood, east of the city, due to his serious health condition. Nidal’s father said to PCHR’s fieldworker that his son underwent to several surgeries, during which, doctors removed his kidney and part of his spleen. He added that the health condition of his son is still serious, and he receives treatment at the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Al-Rajbi pointed out that IOF raided al-Maqased Hospital looking for his son. Afterwards, the hospital administration intervened and told IOF that Harbi’s health condition is serious and he undergo to a serious surgery. It should be noted that al-Rajbi was arrested by IOF several times, last of which was 2 weeks ago as IOF raided his father shop in al-Bostan neighborhood and severely beat him along with his family members. It should be noted that Harbi suffers from diabetes.

  • At approximately 04:00 on Monday, 12 July 2021, IOF moved into Jenin refugee camp, al-Jabriyat area and Abu Duhair Moubt, adjacent to the camp, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank, where they conducted arrest campaign. During which, a group of Palestinians gathered and confronted IOF vehicles. IOF responded with live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters. As a result, 5 Palestinians, including a child and a girl, were shot with live bullets. PCHR keeps the names of those wounded.
  • At approximately 00:30 on Tuesday, 13 July 2021, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, north of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at border area, but no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:15, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, and off al-Sodaniyia Shore, west of Jabalia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian gunboats sailing within 1-5 nautical miles, opened heavy fire around them and fired flare bombs in the sky, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Wednesday, 14 July 2021, IOF stationed in “Yitzhar“ settlement, which is established on Madama village’s lands in Nablus, opened fire at a Palestinian shepherd, who was breeding his sheep in al-Rasem area. As a result, the shepherd namely Ma’moun Ameen Fayiz Nassar (47), from Madama village, was shot with a live bullet in his foot and arrested later. Ma’moun received treatment at Beilinson Hospital in Israel. 

Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 08 July 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians, including a father with his son. The arrestees are: Dawoud Ahmed Banat (48), his son Ayoub (21), Ehsan Mohammed Tafish (30), Abdullah Mahmoud Tafish (35), and Hisham Rawhi Tafish (29).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Shu’afat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Ahmed al-Hawas’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:40, IOF moved into Tell village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Emad Yousef Raihan’s (54) house, a former candidate on “Jerusalem is our destiny” electoral list of 2021 and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed in Juneid area. They raided and searched Yehya Mohammed Qawasmah’s (39) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Abdul-Salam Ayyad’s (49) house, a member of Abu Dis municipality, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:10, IOF moved into Thinnaba village in Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Eman Khalil ‘Amarnah (52), and her son, Mohammed Belal ‘Amarnah (31).
  • At approximately 03:05, IOF moved into Beita village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Rani Hashem Dweikat’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Khaled Isma’el Abu Ghannam’s (46) house and arrested him. IOF left a summons to his son, Emad (16), to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • Around the same time, IOF arrested Ahmed Yousef Bader (31), an employee in the Palestinian customs police, from Abu Dis, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, while passing through a temporary military checkpoint established near “Ma’ale Adumim” settlement, east of the city.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Ibrahim Sami Mutair (29), from his shop near Qalandiya refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF arrested Khaled al-Zeir (46), from Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, while present on al-Jesir street in Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.
  • At approximately 21:00, a group of Mista’arvim, (Israeli Special Unit dressed like Palestinian civilians), sneaked into Birzeit, north of Ramallah, and stationed at the Old City’s crossroad. They stopped a gray vehicle and arrested the driver, Abdul Rahman Husain al-Jalies (35), and Fares Ahmed Zumra (33), while back home in Jalazone refugee camp, north of the city.
  • IOF carried out (8) incursions in Jalamah and Beit Kad, northeast of Jenin; Deir Sharaf and Beit Iba, west of Nablus; Badhan, north of Nablus; Sarra, Awarta and Usarin, southeast of Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 09 July 2021:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Sa’ir village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched 2 houses and arrested Nassar Eissa Jabarin (40), and his brother, Ayyoub (37).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Bassam Hamed Qufeisha’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate and stationed in Ruq’a area. They raided and searched Isma’el Abdul Hadi Makhamera’s (42) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into Bab Huta neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Sufian Omar al-‘Ajlouni’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF arrested Naser Mohammed Nawaj’a (38), a field researcher at the Israeli Information Centre for Human Rights in the oPt, from Susya village, south of Yatta, after stopping him while returning to the village. IOF released him later.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF arrested three civilians while present in the Aqsa Mosque’s yards in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, after finishing the Friday Prayers, and took them to one of the detention centers in the city. The arrestees are: Ahmed Yasine Kmail (28), from Qabatiya in Jenin governorate; Baker Awni Barri (26), from Immatain in Qalqilya governorate; and Yousef Shehada Khalil (26), from Nur Shams refugee camp in Tulkarm governorate.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Sameer Mohammed Shahin (39), from Hebron, after stopping his vehicle on a temporary military checkpoint established at the entrance of Samu village, south of Hebron.

Saturday, 10 July 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Sameer Mohammed Shahin’s (39), house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Karkafe area in Bethlehem. They raided and searched Hamza Da’dara’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF arrested (3) civilians including a child, while attempting to sneak through the border fence in Khan Yunis. The arrestees are: Qusai Hasan Abu Selmi (17), from Abasan al-Kabeera; Mohammed Ramadan al-Derdisi (20) and ‘Ahed Ahmed Abu Shehada (19), both from Bani Suheila. IOF released Selmi through Erez crossing on the next day morning, and kept al-Derdisi and Abu Shehada under arrest.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Kaubar and Kafr Malik in Ramallah; Beit Ummar, Bayt Kahil, Beit Mirsim and Hadab villages. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 11 July 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Ras al-Amud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mohammed al-Salaima (23) and Mohammed al-Tweity (21) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Khaled Omar Rweidy’s (12) house and arrested him.

Monday, 12 July 2021:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Idhna village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed Abdul Rasoul Bashir’s (44) house, but no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qabatia, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Hussain Amin Samadi (35), and Adham Khaled Abu Aisha (18).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Beita, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Issam Ghassan Hamayil’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Jenin refugee camp, Jabriyat area and Jabal Abu Thhair adjacent to the refugee camp, west of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mo’tasem Omar Steity (37), from Jenin refugee camp, Omar Bayan Abed (28) and his brother, Osaid (20), from Jenin. Meanwhile, IOF opened fire at the protestors who protested against storming their village. As a result, 5 civilians; including a child and a girl, were injured. For more details check “Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity” in this report.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF summonsed Mazen al-Jabari, Director of the Arab Studies Society’s Youth Development Institute, from interrogation in al-Maskobiya police center in West Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ra’fat Tareq al-Isawiya’s (50) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Ra’fat was arrested on the same day of his daughter’s engagement party, and a day before releasing his brother, Medhat, who spent over than 27 years in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Zeid Anwar Rabay’a (26), from Ubeidiya village, east of Bethlehem, while present near Bab al-Amud area in the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Hebron, Dura and ‘Aroub refugee camp in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 13 July 2021:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses, arrested (3) civilians and took them to unknown destinations. The arrestees are: Ahmed Khaled Taqatqa (22), Eyad Nader Taqatqa (20) and Mohammed Akram Taqatqa (26).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Sur Baher village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mo’tasem Emad ‘Atwan (20) and Mousa Zeyad ‘Atwan (21), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into al-Tabqa village, south of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Hani Mohammed Amro’s (37) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Aqraba village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Hammam Waleed Bani Fadel’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:40, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Belal Saleem Salhab’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Mahmoud Hasan Salah (32), while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Ra’ed Hazem al-Sayyad (16) and Na’eem Ibrahim Abu al-Hawa (16) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Bidu village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. they raided and searched Ayyoub Mohammed al-Khadour’s (29) house, arrested him and confiscated his vehicle.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Halhul and Surif villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 14 July 2021:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Ram village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yazan Ahmed Shawabka’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians, including a photojournalist. The arrestees are: the photojournalist Khaled Adnan al-Zebda (30), Hamada Abdullah Badawi (27), Ahmed Mohammed Owda (26), and his brother, Ra’d (28).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beita village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (11) civilians, including a child and 2 siblings. The arrestees are: Adham Sameer al-Shorafa (24), Yousef Mohammed al-Shorafa (28), Hamad Taleb Ma’ali (23), Yousef ‘Ahed Hamayil (26), Rashed Hasan Qawariq (21) and his brother, Ramiz (20), Omar Dawoud Borhom (21), Bayan Abdul Jalil Borhom (21), Emad Faleh Dawoud (31), Qassam Zahi ‘Adili (17), and Na’eem Taleb Dweikat (22).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Teqoa, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Abdullah Adel al-‘Ammour’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:30, IOF raided Turmus Ayya village, northeastern Ramallah, and stationed near the village’s main entrance. IOF soldiers deployed in the agricultural fields near the village entrance and established a temporary military checkpoint. The soldiers stopped a Mercedes bus, property of al-Tamimi company- that carried Birzeit University students on their way back from a solidarity visit to Montasser Shalabi’s family, whose house was demolished b y IOF on 8 July 2021. Shalabi is imprisoned by Israeli allegedly for killing a settler and wounding 2 others in an attack at Zatara checkpoint in southern Nablus.

The soldiers arrested the entire group, 45 students, and took them along. At approximately 23:00, IOF released 12 students while the others remained in custody.

Note: A group of the arrestees’ names is available at PCHR.

  • IOF carried out 2 incursions in Dura and Sa’ir villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolitions, Confiscations, and Notices

  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 08 July 2021, IOF backed by a military vehicle and accompanied with an Israeli Civil Administration vehicle moved into al-Deirat village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron.  The Israeli administration officer handed a notice (final decision) to demolish a cemetery, which the villagers are building in the area.  The cemetery includes a number of graves built of concrete, and on 18 April 2021, IOF handed the villagers a notice to stop the construction works and then confiscated 2 excavators in an agricultural land in the same village under the pretext of working in Area C.
  • At the same time, IOF handed Nasser Abu Khudeir a notice to vacate his house as the Israeli municipality intends to demolish the 4-storey residential building he lives in in Shuafat neighborhood, north of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, within 14 days. The building houses 10 families of 55 individuals.

Abu Khudeir said that an Israeli intelligence officer called him to vacate his house as the municipality intends to carry out the demolition within 14 days.  Abu Khudeir said that the building was established by a number of civilians on a plot of land to the west of the Shuafat structural plan.  The plot of land is planned for construction but located in an unorganized zone.  Abu Khudeir added that the Israeli municipality stopped the construction at the time and imposed a high fine of more than USD 200,000, and in 2005, it issued a decision to demolish the residential building.  During the hearings, the demolition decision was replaced with a decision to close completely all the building’s outlets with bricks.  It should be noted that Ramat Shlomo settlement is only 200 meters away from the building that was established on lands confiscated from Shuafat neighborhood.  Abu Khudeir highlighted that the settlement’s setters raised the building issue at the Israeli municipality, followed up the case of its demolition and then sought for its closure.

‘Ezzatt Ghaith, one of the apartments’ owners in the building under the threat of demolition, said that the building houses 10 different Palestinian families, who prepared their apartments again after 2015 when the owners obtained the decision to lift the closure.  Ghaith added that all the apartments’ owners worked hard to get the building license and did all the necessary legal proceedings.  Thus, the Israeli municipality lately allowed them to submit a request to the Israeli Tabu in order to obtain a building license. The municipality also allowed them to add a floor and a half to the building.  Ghaith said that they were all surprised with the demolition decision as the licensing procedures were going perfectly fine, emphasizing that the Israeli municipality’s decision to demolish the building is part of its collective punishment policy as Naser Abu Khudeir who lives in the building is wanted by the Israeli municipality and intelligence.

  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 12 July 2021, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers and a mounted-crane truck moved into Um Qussa area, east of Yatta city, south of Hebron. IOF deployed around a school and confiscated a tin-plate room (10 sqm) used a clinic, under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • Around the same time, Israeli bulldozers demolished 5 barracks in western Haris village in Salfit, under the pretext of being in Area C. The barracks, which is located on the bypass road (Samaria), belong to Fadi Hasan Saleh Suliman. These tin-plate barracks used as a vegetable shop, an auto repair workshop, a workshop for selling aluminum, a blacksmith workshop, and a carpentry workshop. Fadi Suliman said that this is the fifth time that IOF demolished his barracks, and in each time, he rebuilt them. He added that IOF demolished the barracks over its contents, which caused heavy loses.
  • At approximately 11:30, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers and 2 diggers moved into Wadi al-Joz area, east of Bani Na’im village in eastern Hebron. IOF deployed in the area while the diggers demolished the following facilities:
1.  A 30-sqaure-meter agricultural room built of bricks and tin plates, a water well of 150 cubic metres, and a 100-meter-high cement wall belonging to Nader ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Mahmoud ‘Odah.
2.  A 100-meter-high concrete wall belonging to ‘Azzam ‘Abdul ‘Aziz ‘Odah.
3. A 30-sqaure-meter agricultural room built of bricks and tin plates, a 1.5- square-meter bathroom built of tin plates, and a 100-meter-high concrete wall belonging to ‘Abed al-Salam ‘Azzam al-Qimiri.
  • On Monday, Jamal ‘Ajaj implemented the Israeli Municiplaity order and self-demolished his house in al-Sal’ah neighborhood in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Ajaj said that his 4-story under-construction house ( 110 sqm) was built 3 months ago to live in it with his wife. The house was comprised of 3 rooms, a bathroom and a kitchen. ‘Ajaj clarified that a month ago, the Israeli municipality delivered him an administrative demolition notice, and yesterday evening, he received a phone call from the Israeli police, which gave him 24 hours to implement the demolition or he will be fined NIS 100,000 if the  municipality crews will do so.
  • At approximately 23:00, Mohammed Nassar al-Hussani implemented the Israeli municipality order and self-demolished his house in Wad Qaddoum neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Al-Hussani said that his 124-sqaure-meter house sheltered his family comprised of 7 persons, including 2 children, his father and mother, and his sister. He clarified that his house was built in 2013 and since that time, IOF file lawsuits against him in the Israeli courts and impose fines on him. In 2019, IOF imposed a fine of NIS 40,000 on him. He added that despite all attempts to licsene his house through lawyers and engineers, in January 2021, the Israeli court refused to delay the demolition and issued a decision to implement it. Al-Hussani pointed out that the Israeli police phoned him and told him to self-demolish his house or it will impose a fine of NIS 200,000 on him as a demolition costs. Accordingly, he vacated his house contents and rented a bulldozer to implement the demolition.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 13 July 2021, IOF handed 3 civilians from Azun Atme village, south of Qalqilya, decisions; one to cease-construction of a house which is under-construction belonging to Mohammed Isma’el Younis, and the two others notices to demolish 2 agriculture rooms belonging to Mohammed Ibrahim Younis and Ahmed Abdul Fattah Younis.
  • At approximately 07:00 on Wednesday, 14 July 2021, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles along with 2 vehicles belonging to the Israeli Construction and Organization Department in the (Civil Administration), a bulldozer, truck and a digger moved into Qaboun Complex area, east of Mughayir village, northeast of Ramallah. They demolished 7 barracks (2 used for cattle, and 5 for residence). Furthermore, IOF brought Israeli workers who confiscated 3 tents and a tractor. Following are the details of the damaged priorities:
NameFamily membersChildrenCattlesConfiscated facilitiesnotes
Atallah Hamed Hamed8350· 2 (70 sqm) barracks·        (90 sqm) cattle tent·        Water tank·        6 cattle feeders·        Tractor No prior notices received
Abdullah Jaber Hamed7470·        (60 sqm) residence barrack·        (60 sqm) cattle barackNo prior notices received
Abdul Raheem Atallah al-Qabouni12590·        2 (70 sqm) residential barracks·        (90 sqm)  cattle tentNo prior notices received
Abdullah Hassan al-Qabouni103·        (70 sqm) residential barrack·        (50 sqm) residential tentNo prior notices received
  • At approximately 09 on Wednesday, 14 July 2021, Israeli bulldozers demolished a barrack for cattle belonging to Ibrahim Obaid, in al-Nabi Samuil village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem, and ordered to demolish 2 barracks under the pretext of non-licensing.

Ibrahim Obaid stated that he was surprised when IOF stormed the area and demolished his cattle barrack, noting that demolishing his (26 sqm) barrack will cause him many losses and troubles. It should be noted that IOF handed Mohammed Ayed and Za’al Abu Dahouk 2 notices to demolish their barracks.

Settler attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property

  • On Sunday morning, 11 July 2021, a group of settlers from “Ahya” settlement established on Jalud village’s eastern lands, southeast of Nablus, assaulted the electricity network in Kherbet Sarah in the southeastern area of the village, damaged the network lines and cut the network’s poles.
  • At approximately 10:00, a group of settlers of “Ma’on” settlement east of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate, threw stones at Palestinian shepherds while present in their pastures near the abovementioned settlement, and forced them to leave their lands. Meanwhile, IOF came and did not prevent the settlers from throwing stones and attacking the Palestinian shepherds.
  • On Wednesday, 14 July 2021, a group of settlers launched from “Yitzhar” settlement established on lands southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank, attacked Palestinian agricultural lands in Jabal Salman, eastern side of Burin village. As a result, the Israeli settlers cut 150 olive trees aged between 60-70 using hand and automatic saws and stones, belonging to Mohammed Mustafa Zebin, from Nablus.

Collective punishment:

As part of IOF collective punishment policy against Palestinians accused of carrying out attacks against IOF or settlers, on Thursday, 08 July 2021, IOF demolished the family house of a prisoner  from Ramallah at the Israeli prisons after accusing him of killing a settler and wounding others.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 00:00 on Thursday, IOF backed by dozens of military vehicles moved into Turmus Ayya village, northeast of Ramallah.  They stepped out of the military vehicles and deployed between houses, where 30 soldiers topped the roofs.  Meanwhile, large number of Israeli forces raided the family house of Montaser Ahmed ‘Ali al-Shalabi (44), who has been arrested since 06 June 2021 to carry out the demolition decision, which the family was informed of following IOF’s claims  that the prisoner killed a settler and wounded 2 others at Za’atarah checkpoint, south of Nablus.

IOF forced the neighbors of Shalabi’s house to vacate their houses.  Meanwhile, IOF surrounded another house belonging to the family of the prisoner’s wife, Sanaa’ Hamdi al-Shalabi, who said to PCHR’s fieldworker that she moved to her family house with her 3 children, Sarah, Mohammed and Ahmed, after she received a call from her lawyer on 30 June 2021 informing her of the decision to demolish the house.  After IOF surrounded her family house, she tried to get out and be near her house, but IOF prevented her.  Therefore, she went back to her family house and via the live video on Turmus Ayya page and from her family house window, she watched IOF surrounding her house in the eastern neighborhood near Turmus Ayya School and planting explosives in the walls.  At 06:15, they exploded the house from the inside but part of a floor was still there, so the soldiers again planted explosives in the land under the first floor.  At 08:30, the house was completely blown up and IOF withdrew from the village,

Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip:

The Israeli authorities continued to impose collective punishments against the people of the Gaza Strip, including tightened restrictions on imports and exports, causing a serious deterioration in Palestinians’ enjoyment of their economic and cultural rights.

The Gaza Strip still suffers under the Israeli-imposed closure, which entered its 15th year recently, with extreme restrictions on the movement of goods and individuals, exacerbating the continued deterioration of humanitarian conditions and causing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. For further information, please see PCHR State of the Border Crossing monthly update, and PCHR reports on the closure.

On Monday, 12 July 2021 IOF announced that it would be easing some its restrictions after a few days of calm, including expanding the fishing area from 9 to 12 nautical miles. Also according to the announcement, IOF would allow the import of fishing materials, raw material for production and manufacturing, from Israel to the Gaza Strip via Karm Abu Salem; export of agricultural produce and fabric will be allowed from Gaza to Israel. Additionally, there are facilitations on the movement of individuals via Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossing, namely journalists, medical personnel, and certain humanitarian cases like couples who do not live in the same area will be allowed to travel to and from the Gaza Strip.

The West Bank:

In addition to 108 permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of 50 temporary checkpoints that restrict the movement of goods and individuals, where IOF searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints. IOF reinforced its restrictions on civilians’ freedom of movement at its permanent checkpoints in the West Bank and shut some checkpoints for several hours on multiple occasions.

Hereafter is PCHR documentation of restrictions on the freedom of movement and IOF-established temporary checkpoints across the West Bank this week:

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 08 July 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Biddu village, northwest of the city.
  • On Friday, 09 July 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Bir Ayoub neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.
  • On Tuesday, 13 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Wadi Helwa and ‘Ein al-Louz neighborhoods in Silwan village, at the entrance to al-Thawri neighborhood, and at the entrance to Hizma village, northeast of the city.
  • On Wednesday, 14 July 2021, IOF closed Kalandia military checkpoint after carrying out a shooting attack by unknown person at the checkpoint. IOF chased the person and arrested him. The checkpoint was later opened. Also, IOF established a checkpoint at Biddu village’s tunnel, northwest of the city.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 08 July 2021, IOF established 2checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village and at the entrance to Wadi Fukin village, west of the city.
  • On Friday, 09 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village and at the northern entrance to Nahalin village, west of the city.
  • On Saturday, 10 July 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Tuqu village, and at the northern entrance to Nahalin village, west of the city.
  • On Sunday, 11 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Tuqu village.
  • On Monday, 12 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village and near al-Nashash intersection, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 13 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, at the entrance to Wadi Fukin village, at the intersection of Fureidis village, east of the city.
  • On Wednesday, 14 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village and at the western entrance to Husan village, west of the city.

Nablus:

  • On Sunday, 11 July 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrances to Beita village.
  • On Tuesday, 13 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints between Urif and Asira al-Qibliya villages, and in al-Moraba’a area near the entrance to Tell village, southeast of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Thursday, 08 July 2021, IOF established a checkpoint on Jenin-Hifa Street, west of Jenin.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 08 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Hebron, and at the entrances to Idhna, Bani Na’im and as-Samu villages.
  • On Friday, 09 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Hebron and at the entrance to Beit Ummar village.
  • On Saturday, 10 July 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Surif and as-Samu villages and on Wadi al-Joz road.
  • On Sunday, 11 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Halhul City and at the western entrance to Hebron.
  • On Monday, 12 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at at the entrances to Idhna, ad-Dhahiriya and as-Samu villages, and at the entrance to Fawwar refugee camp.
  • On Wednesday, 14 July 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Khasa and Beit Awwa villages, and at the northern entrance to Yatta city.

Salfit:

  • On Monday, 12 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Istiya, Deir Ballut and Kafr ad-Dik villages, and at the entrance to Salfit.

Khalida Jarrar Deprived of Bidding Her Own Daughter Farewell

12/07/2021

By Al-Mayadeen

Israeli occupation forces refuse the appeal to release Palestinian prisoner Khalida Jarrar to attend the funeral of her beloved daughter, Suha, tomorrow, and activists carry out a vigil in front of the “Ofer” military prison demanding her release.

Visual search query image
Khalida Jarrar; one of the most prominent Palestinian political and societal figures

Al Mayadeen reporter said that the Israeli occupation forces refused, on Monday, the request to release prisoner Khalida Jarrar to enable her to attend the funeral of her own daughter, Suha, tomorrow.

Earlier today, tens of activists carried out a vigil in front of “Ofer” Prison, west of Ramallah, demanding the immediate release of Khalida Jarrar, where they shouted slogans demanding her freedom and denouncing the occupation. 

وقفة أمام سجن “عوفر” غرب رام الله للمطالبة بالإفراج عن النائب خالدة جرار لتتمكن من تشييع جثمان ابنتها التي توفيت مساء أمس. pic.twitter.com/OmP0PVfRQr— معتز أبوريدة_غزة 𓂆 🇵🇸 (@Abuabraa2110198) July 12, 2021

A campaign was launched to free the imprisoned Palestinian revolutionary Jarrar, and the invitation to it included, “Instead of surrendering to the idea that the revolutionary leader and former Palestinian legislative council member Khalida Jarrar will be denied the right to bury her daughter Suha…. let us work locally and internationally to exert enough pressure on the administration of the occupation forces prisons to have her released in the nearest time possible so that she can bid her daughter farewell, and thus practice her most fundamental human right.”

Activists on social media launched a massive interactive #freeKhalidaJarrar campaign to form enough pressure on the occupation to release the revolutionary Jarrar, who was arrested two years ago and still has almost two months left for her release. 

في آذار الفائت أجريت مقابلة مع زوج خالدة جرار قال إن ما يؤلمها أكثر من الاعتقال خوفها فقدان والدتها،كما حصل خلال اعتقالها السابق حين توفى والدها ولم تتمكن من وداعه.
اليوم تواجه ما هو أكبر من كل مخاوفها إلا تتمكن من وداع طفلتها الوداع الأخير#الحرية_لخالدة_جرار #freeKhalidaJarrar— Aziza J Nofal (@azizanofal) July 12, 2021

حين توفيت جدتي و عمي خلف القضبان
كان إبلاغه و إيصال الخبر له من أصعب الأمور
وبعد إبلاغه أخبرونا رفاقه بردة فعله التي لا تكفي الكلمات لوصفها ،وبعد جهد كبير تمكن
من أخذ ” تصريح وداع ” ليودعها الوداع الأخير
حيث كانت ترقد في المستشفى ،دون ابلاغنا
جاء مكبلًا بيداه و قدماه

-يتبع— hamzehsalameh (@hamzehsalameh99) July 12, 2021

The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine mourned “comrade Suha Jarrar, daughter of imprisoned comrade Khalida Jarrar and revolutionary comrade Ghassan Jarrar,” and launched a local and international campaign to release Khalida Jarrar from the Israeli occupation prisons so that she can attend her daughter’s funeral and bid her farewell.

The Palestinian police announced that they found Suha Jarrar’s body near the Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah. Later on, the Jarrar family announced the death of Suha, indicating that it was of ‘natural’ causes, adding that she was already suffering from diseases.

The family’s statement said that “the initial report” shows that “the cause of death was a severe heart attack, knowing that she was already suffering from some diseases and minor symptoms.”

Khalida Jarrar is one of the most prominent Palestinian political and societal figures. She was renowned for her political, national, and feminist activism and was arrested several times on this basis; the last of which was at the end of 2019.

She is also one of the prominent leaders in the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and was elected as a member of the former Palestinian Legislative Council. During her last detention period, Jarrar was subjected to psychological torture and was deprived of family visits under the pretext of COVID-19. Her family was able to visit her only 3 times during the past one year and four months.   

The Fight to Save Lifta, the Last Remaining Palestinian Village

July 09th, 2021

By Jessica Buxbaum

Source

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Lifta, the only town Israel did not demolish after the Nakba, stands as a symbol of the Palestinian right of return, but an Israeli government “development” plan may soon change that.

LIFTA, JERUSALEM — Yacoub Odeh is 81 years old but he can still remember his childhood in the Palestinian village of Lifta as if it were yesterday. Children playing together in the gardens, swimming in the pools and laying in the grass.

Today, Lifta remains as a frozen time capsule. While the residents were expelled during Israel’s 1948 ethnic cleansing campaign (Nakba), the ruins of their homes still stand. These ruins carved into the lush hillside are perceived as a symbol of the Palestinians’ right of return. This is the only town Israel did not demolish after the Nakba, but a government plan may soon change that.

In May, the Israel Lands Authority (ILA), the government agency in charge of managing public lands, issued a new tender for construction in Lifta. The development scheme, known as Plan 6036, seeks to build 259 housing units along with a commercial and business space and a luxury hotel on top of and around the existing houses. Daphna Golan-Agnon, a law professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and part of the Save Lifta Coalition’s board, explained that while the homes may not be demolished, “the village will disappear behind walls of concrete needed to hold new construction.”

The bid was supposed to be held on July 4, but significant public opposition delayed it to July 29.

Lifta Jerusalem
The ruins in Lifta, a Palestinian village ethnically cleased in 1948. Liebe Blekh | MintPress News

Attempts to demolish Lifta have been ongoing for years. The ILA first published a tender for Plan 6036 in 2010 after the Israeli state approved the construction plan for Lifta in 2006. A 2012 Jerusalem District Court ruling found Plan 6036 insufficient and requested amending it in accordance with a conservation survey on Lifta from the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA).

The IAA survey was completed in 2017 and found that Plan 6036 could not be executed without making significant adjustments in order to preserve the ancient village. Plan 270b was drawn up to fit the survey’s findings but in 2017 the Local Planning and Building Committee of Jerusalem temporarily halted the initiative for further examination.

The recent ILA announcement was met with hundreds of letters to Jerusalem’s mayor rejecting the sale. When reached for comment, the Municipality of Jerusalem told MintPress News that it “wasn’t informed about the publication of this tender and didn’t approve it. The mayor of Jerusalem asked all the relevant authorities to reconsider the construction plan.” The Israel Lands Council, which operates the ILA, did not respond to a request for comment.

‘In one hour, we became refugees’

Lifta’s strategic location at the edge of Jerusalem has made it a prime target for land grabs. Acting as a suburb of Jerusalem, Lifta’s placement next to the Jerusalem-Jaffa Highway makes for an easy trip to the Mediterranean while still being tied to the city of Jerusalem.

Lifta, often referred to as the entrance to Jerusalem, was a wealthy, agricultural community supported by olive presses and flour mills and situated atop the Wadi al-Shami spring. Homes made of limestone were cut into the hillside and Lifta’s roads wended through the valley.

Prior to the 1948 Nakba, Zionist militias like the Haganah saw seizing Lifta as necessary to cement Jewish control over all of Palestine. According to the Haganah Historical Archives, “[s]ecuring the western exit of the city [of Jerusalem] entailed the eviction of Arabs.”  Israeli historian Benny Morris said the Haganah fired the first shots in 1947, setting off the mass expulsion of Lifta’s 2,960 residents.

In December 1947, the Haganah killed a Palestinian business owner in Lifta. Later that month, one of Lifta’s two coffeehouses was ambushed with gunfire and grenades. The attack killed six and wounded seven. Two months into 1948, the Jewish Agency chairman and future first prime minister of Israel, David Ben-Gurion, boasted of the ethnic cleansing’s success, telling his political party members: “From your entry into Jerusalem through Lifta — Romema, through Mahane Yehuda, King George Street and Mea She’arim — there are no strangers. One hundred percent Jews.“

Odeh, head of the Lifta Cultural Heritage Protection Commission, was 8-years-old when Lifta came under siege by Zionist forces.

Lifta refugee
Yacoub Odeh, Nakba survivor and head of the Lifta Cultural Heritage Protection Commission. Liebe Blekh | MintPress News

“I remember one day my mother was preparing the fire to heat our room, and then [the Zionist miltiias] began to shoot. My brothers began to cry, ‘Mama, mama! They’re shooting us!’ My mom took us inside the room in the corner and under a table to protect us,” Odeh said, recalling two stories of Lifta — the town’s beauty and charm and then its tragic fall.

“There is the beautiful life and then began the miserable life because of the occupation.”

Toward the end of February 1948, Odeh’s father put him, his siblings and his mother into a truck heading to Ramallah to escape the violence in Lifta. Odeh’s father stayed behind to defend the village from the Zionist gangs.

“We were only wearing the clothing we had on because we are coming back tomorrow. We are coming back. Now we just want to be far from the shooting.” Odeh took a deep sigh and said, “In one hour, we became refugees.”

Today, 55 buildings out of approximately 450 remain in Lifta, including a club, mosque, cemetery and school, which now operates as a school for Israeli Jews. Liftawi refugees are estimated at around 30,000 and live in Jerusalem, the Occupied West Bank and the Diaspora. Most of the homes are empty, but a few are occupied by Israeli settlers. According to Zochrot, the Israeli nonprofit seeking to raise awareness of the Nakba, the “settlements of Mey Niftoach and Giv’at Sha’ul were built on village lands and now have become parts of the suburbs of Jerusalem.”

Saving Lifta

The Save Lifta Coalition orchestrated the campaign to the mayor and has been organizing since 2010 against Plan 6036. The organization spent five years working with scholars, activists, conservation specialists and higher education professionals to develop an alternative to 6036.

Their proposal aims to “expand the area of the national park and turn the village into a natural urban space for the adjacent neighborhoods,” while preserving Lifta’s cultural landscape.

The World Monuments Fund added Lifta to its list of endangered sites in 2018 and UNESCO added the village to its tentative list of world heritage sites.

‘Not something we can discuss now’

When asked about the plan’s responsibility regarding the right of return for Palestinians, Golan-Agnon said, “our plan is a plan to save Lifta as it is for the future generations to decide upon its fate.” She explained:

Many of us [in the coalition] do think there should be a right of return for Palestinians but we know it’s not something we can discuss now. So we say, it’s beautiful, keep it open, and then one day there can be a decision about what happens and who’s coming.

Dana Amawi’s grandmother grew up in Lifta and was expelled from the village in 1948. Now the family lives in Amman, Jordan. The 20-year-old said she was shaken to her core upon hearing the news of the sale. “Lifta symbolized a tiny, very small bit of hope that maybe we will be able to return to it,” Amawi told MintPress. “And now to think that other people might live in the house that I have the right to be in, it’s very sad.”

Lifta Jerusalem
A Palestinian woman holds a partially eaten fig picked from a tree in Lifta. Liebe Blekh | MintPress News

Amawi said that her grandmother fell ill after learning of the auction. “She got sick. She had a fever and she was really, really sad because to her, this is where she grew up. This is where her earliest memories are and this is where she has the right to be,” Amawi said.

Stone houses like the one Odeh spent his early childhood in now crumble from neglect. The walls are sprayed with graffiti and piles of trash line the floors. On Shabbat (the Jewish sabbath), you’ll often find Israelis bathing in the spring’s waters.

Aseel AlBajeh, advocacy officer and legal researcher at the Palestinian human rights organization Al-Haq, visited Lifta in 2018. Her grandmother, who lives in Ramallah, is from Lifta. “It was a painful experience,” AlBajeh said of her time in Lifta. “I wasn’t sure if I wanted to come back to Lifta in this situation.”

‘You are here as a visitor’

During her visit, AlBajeh tried recalling her grandmother’s memories of a flourishing Lifta, but she said those stories were disrupted by the fact that she’s only in Lifta because of a permit she received from the Israeli government to enter 1948-occupied Palestine or modern-day Israel from the West Bank. “You are here as a visitor. It’s like it’s not a place where you belong, or this is what [the Israeli government] intends for refugees to feel like,” AlBajeh said. “Settlers were swimming in the spring of the village and they were blasting loud music, and it also disrupted my ability to even imagine Lifta as Palestinian.”

Jewish settlers in LIfta
Israeli settlers in Lifta hold a middle finger to a group of Palestinian children. Blekh | MintPress News

To help her reclaim Lifta, AlBajeh took a small piece of the village’s remains during her visit. She collected a broken tile painted with traditional designs from one of the house’s floors, knowing this might be the last physical object she can have of Lifta.

“Lifta is a witness of what happened during the Nakba,” AlBajeh said, explaining:

We have this connection as Palestinians, and when we see the cactus plants, we connect this as evidence that displacement happened here. And if you go to Lifta, you’ll see the huge amount of cactus. So even if the houses remain and [Israel] tries to remove the cactus, it’s still painful… It’s not about the stones or about the trees. It’s about the whole identity of Lifta and the Palestinian history, which we still connect to. “

‘We were kings in our village’

Odeh’s memories paint Lifta as an idyllic place, an oasis carved into the steep slopes of Jerusalem where life was carefree and bountiful. “We were kings in our village,” Odeh said. “Everything we need, we had — a life so simple. We didn’t need cinema or computers, no, everything we needed came from our land.”

But the minute Odeh and his family became refugees, their resources became scarce. “At that time there were no charitable associations or agencies ready to help,” Odeh recalled. “You know what Nakba means? Nakba does not mean to destroy homes. No, Nakba means to destroy the life — economic life, social life, educational life, political life. They destroyed our life.”

Upon reminiscing about Lifta, Odeh said his dream is to go back home:

I miss my childhood. Palestinian children have lost their childhood life to play like children, to go to the theater, to concerts, to football. No, until now we have house demolitions, we have arrests, we have land confiscation and killings. Every day we have events like these — if not my family, my neighborhood.”

Lebanon’s Economic Crisis: Hezbollah’s New Challenge

July 10, 2021 

Lebanon’s Economic Crisis: Hezbollah’s New Challenge 

By Mohammad Yousef

Lebanon is on the verge of collapse; thanks to chronic corruption and US siege and sanctions. The economy is deteriorating, the central bank is almost bankrupt. No hard currency is available to provide the basics from food to medications and fuel.

In many times in the past, still true now, Washington refused to help or let others help Lebanon to defend its territories and protect its people from the continuous “Israeli” aggressions; even when the Takfiri groups like Daesh [Arabic Acronym for the terrorist “ISIS/”ISIL”] and Al-nusra started their aggressions we have never seen any support or help from the US who claims to be Lebanon’s and the Lebanese friend. The US arrogant logic supposes they can fool governments and people alike; they overlook the sheer fact that they themselves invented Daesh has admitted by their officials and pretend they can convince others they want to help fighting it.

Washington and its allies would resort to any measure with no restrictions, political or moral to make their plots a reality.

On the “Israeli” level, Washington supports and protects the Zionist entity by all means. The US has given hundreds of billions of dollars of financial aid to its ally; supplied it with the most advanced high tech weaponry to guarantee its military supremacy over “Israel’s” enemies’ altogether. The veto power has always been ready to exempt “Israel” from any condemnation by the international community.

All “Israeli” invasions, occupations, aggressions, incursions and massacres have been approved and supported by Washington.

When the resistance in Lebanon, namely Hezbollah has successfully been able to liberate considerable parts of the occupied country, Washington was very concerned and it did everything possible to reverse the tide, but luckily to no avail.

Hezbollah, not only liberated the Lebanese occupied territories and defended the people, but it also has built a remarkable military force that established a new formula between Lebanon and “Israel”, a formula of deterrence that stretched to protect other regional areas as well.

More important, Hezbollah activities did not limit itself to military actions as a resistance, rather it has established a huge network of social and humanitarian work; schools, hospitals, water plants etc.in an effort to build a society of solidarity and steadfastness.

Nowadays, as the US administration tightens its sanctions and siege against Lebanon to the maximum; Hezbollah finds itself again in a challenge to meet the mounting needs of the Lebanese people, and here, we are talking about basic needs like electricity, water, fuel, medication and food supplies. It is worth mentioning that this task is the government responsibility par excellence, but with the absence of any serious effort from the official authorities and the governments departments the party offered help and promised to bring fuel from Iran with huge facilities on many levels.

Hezbollah has also launched a series of vital projects to maintain people’s steadfastness. The party urged the government to take a bold step and consider resorting to China and Russia to receive supplies and help.

With the Lebanese struggling and suffering and barely making their ends meet, the official authorities are still hesitant, father reluctant to take such a step. Lebanon has no other choices, but those options are enough to start a salvation campaign to pit things back on track.

Hezbollah efforts are praised and blessed but they are not enough because they cannot be a replacement for the government. The latter should assume its responsibilities and take a courageous decision or at least expresses a serious intent to open up for China, Russia and Iran, this might prompt the US administration and its allies to reconsider their policies towards Lebanon.

The well-researched and presumably accurate calculations Washington thought it did over Lebanon might prove again how mistaken it is.

We are in a race between contradictory antagonistic conflicting strategies over Lebanon, however the country’s survival, safety and prosperity should definitely be always the priority. It is for us, because it is our country and our people, but not for America because it’s priorities have always been to support and protect our enemies!

This is another challenge that we meet, a real tough difficult one, but hopefully we will surmount it, with another success and victory again!

أحمد جبريل.. الرجل الذي بقي وفياً للبندقيّة

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كاتب وباحث من الأردن

09/07/2021

حسام عبد الكريم

المصدر: الميادين نت

لم تكبّله الأيديولوجيا، ولم يكن يميِّز بين إسلامي ويساري ووطني وقومي عربي، ما دامت فلسطين هي الهدف، والبندقية هي السبيل. بالنسبة إلى أحمد جبريل، فلسطين تجمعنا، والثورة أمنا وأبونا، وكفى!

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أحمد جبريل.. الرجل الذي بقي وفياً للبندقيّة

الرفيق المناضل والأخ المجاهد أحمد جبريل في ذمة الله. هو من الجيل الأول المؤسّس للثورة الفلسطينية في ستينيات القرن الماضي؛ جيل البندقية والجبال والأغوار والكهوف والأنهار، جيل الـ”أر بي جي” والكلاشنكوف؛ الجيل الذي نهض من غبار نكبة فلسطين ليرفع راية الثورة والمقاومة في أحلك الظروف وأصعبها.

لم يلِن يوماً ولم يهن. بقيت بوصلته نحو القدس، وظلّ طريقهُ الكفاح المسلّح. لم يتلوّن ولم يتلوّث، وبقي ثابتاً على مواقفه، وقابضاً على البندقية. ابتعد عن السياسة ودهاليزها. لم تكن فلسطين بالنسبة إليه طاولة مفاوضات أو جولة مباحثات أو “أوسلو” ومناطق ولم تكن أيضاً حدود 67، بل هي كلّ فلسطين، من البحر إلى النهر، ولم يعرف غيرها. (A,B,C)

في العام 1985، نجح أحمد جبريل في عقد أول وأهم صفقة تبادل أسرى مع العدو الإسرائيلي، استطاع من خلالها تأمين إطلاق سراح 1150 مجاهداً ومناضلاً فلسطينياً من سجون العدو، من بينهم الشيخ أحمد ياسين والفدائي الياباني، بطل عملية اللد، كوزو أوكاموتو، وغيرهما من الفدائيين ذوي الأحكام العالية، في مقابل الإفراج عن مجموعة من جنود العدو.

في العام 1987، كان له دور في التمهيد لانطلاقة الانتفاضة الفلسطينية الأولى، بعد أن كان وراء العملية الفدائية الكبيرة والفريدة من نوعها التي نفّذت بواسطة الطائرات الشراعية عبر الحدود اللبنانية، وهي عملية الشهيد خالد أكر، التي كان لها صدى واسع جداً في أوساط الشعب الفلسطيني في الداخل المحتل على وجه الخصوص، إذ رفعت المعنويات والهمم، وأثارت موجة من الحماس، وأعادت الثقة بالمقاومة والثورة.

فعلاً، لم يمضِ سوى أسبوعين بعدها حتى اندلعت الانتفاضة الفلسطينية الكبرى. وقد ساهمت إذاعته “القدس – الإذاعة العربية الفلسطينية على طريق تحرير الأرض والإنسان”، التي كان إرسالها ينطلق من دمشق في الحشد باتجاه الانتفاضة الشعبية، عن طريق بثّ بياناتها ونداءاتها. وكان الناس يضبطون أجهزة الراديو على تردّداتها، في زمن لم يكن فيه إنترنت وفضائيات.

في العام 2002، قدَّم ابنه البكر شهيداً في درب الثورة. كان جهاد أحمد جبريل يتولّى مسؤولية التنظيم العسكري وتهريب الأسلحة إلى الأرض المحتلة حين تعرض لعملية اغتيال غادرة على يد الموساد أودت بحياته، ولكنها زادت أباه عزماً وإصراراً على المضي في طريق الثورة.

لم تكبّله الأيديولوجيا، ولم يكن يميِّز بين إسلامي ويساري ووطني وقومي عربي، ما دامت فلسطين هي الهدف، والبندقية هي السبيل. بالنسبة إلى أحمد جبريل، فلسطين تجمعنا، والثورة أمنا وأبونا، وكفى!

عاش عفيفاً نظيفَ اليد. لم يتاجر بالقضية، ولم يبنِ قصوراً، ولم يكنز مالاً. بقي في مخيم اليرموك في دمشق إلى أن مات شريفاً.

رحم الله أبا جهاد.

فيديوات متعلقة

UN Urges Immediate Halt to “Israeli” Demolitions of Palestinian Homes

10/07/2021

UN Urges Immediate Halt to “Israeli” Demolitions of Palestinian Homes

By Staff, Agencies

The illegal demolition of the Palestinian Bedouin community of Humsa al-Baqai’a in the Jordan Valley by “Israeli” forces “raises serious risk of forcible transfer,” the UN warned, calling on Tel Aviv to immediately halt such measures.

“Attempts to force this or any other community to relocate to an alternative location raise a serious risk of forcible transfer. While the ‘Israeli’ authorities have tried to justify this citing their domestic designation of this area for military training, such measures by an occupying power are illegal under international law,” the Humanitarian Coordinator for the occupied Palestinian territory, Lynn Hastings, said in a statement on Friday.

He described the “Israeli” entity’s demolition of Humsa al-Baqai’a and confiscation of properties in the Palestinian community of Humsa al-Baqai’a in the northern West Bank as “disturbing”.

He urged the “Israeli” occupation forces to “immediately halt all further demolitions of Palestinian homes and possessions, allow the humanitarian community to provide shelter, food and water to this most vulnerable community and let these people rebuild their homes in their current location and stay there in safety and dignity.”

The UN official noted that “Israeli” forces blocked access of humanitarian personnel to the families throughout the demolished village.

Hastings said, “When they managed to access the community after the demolition, they found tents, food, water tanks and fodder had all been destroyed or confiscated, leaving people – including children – out in the open, in summer heat, with virtually no basic provisions; even milk, diapers, clothes and toys had been taken.”

According to assessments, he added “six families of 42 people, including 24 children have lost their homes, for the sixth time this year. Thirty-eight structures were demolished or confiscated, most alarmingly, water tanks.”

The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs [OCHA] said in a statement that the so-called “Israeli” Civil Administration [ICA] has confiscated food consignments and detached structures, leaving the residents with no food and water following the demolitions.

The demolitions have also left the villagers with no baby milk powders, clothes as well as personal hygiene products. They also have no fodder and water for their livestock.

Palestinian homes in the Jordan Valley are subjected to demolitions by “Israeli” authorities who claim they lack building permits, despite the fact that the Tel Aviv regime does not provide such permits to Palestinians.

Moreover, the “Israeli” entity orders Palestinians to demolish their own homes or pay the demolition price to the municipality if they refuse to tear down their houses. Palestinians as well as the international community consider “Israeli” demolition politics in the occupied territories illegal.

A United Nations’ human rights investigator on Friday denounced “Israeli” settlements in the West Bank as a “war crime” and warned that Tel Aviv’s “illegal occupation” cannot be cost-free.

Michael Lynk, UN special rapporteur on human rights in the occupied Palestinian territories, was addressing a session of the world body’s Human Rights Council in Geneva.

“I conclude that the ‘Israeli’ settlements do amount to a war crime,” Lynk said.

“I submit to you that this finding compels the international community…to make it clear to ‘Israel’ that its illegal occupation, and its defiance of international law and international opinion, can and will no longer be cost-free,” the UN official added.

In its bi-weekly report on “Israeli” violations on July 2, the OCHA said Israeli forces had either demolished or seized two dozen Palestinian-owned structures in the occupied territories of the West Bank and al-Quds [Jerusalem] in a span of two weeks.

It added that the demolitions were carried out between March 15 and March 28 this year under the pretext that they lacked the necessary construction permits.

Throughout the years, the entity has frequently demolished Palestinian homes, claiming that the structures have been built without permits, which are nearly impossible to obtain.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine (1 – 7 June 2021)

08-07-2021

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (1 – 7  June 2021)

Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine

1 – 7  June 2021

Palestinian killed and 8 wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank

Two Palestinians (including 1 woman) suffered minor wounds in IOF airstrike on northern Gaza Strip

In 107 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 58 civilians arrested, including 3 children and 2 women

Among the arrestees are two Palestinian civil society activists and human rights defenders: General-Director of Health Work Committees (HWC) and Director of the Independent Commission for Human Rights in Southern West Bank

IOF issue decision to shut down Union of Agricultural Work Committees (UAWC) in Ramallah for 6 months

Two limited IOF incursions and 3 shootings reported in eastern Khan Younis

Occupied East Jerusalem: 4 houses self-demolished; IOF demolished an under-construction school, a storehouse and a barracks

Settlement expansion scheme includes confiscation of at least 8,5000 dunums in Salfit

IOF established 36 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 9 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary   

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians, turning the West Bank into isolated blocks of land. Israeli settlement expansion on Palestinian properties and land continued. The last few weeks witnessed a systemic demolition campaign as well as issuance of demolition and cease-construction notices in an effort to create a Jewish majority in Jerusalem. Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip enters its 15th year under closure, exacerbating the humanitarian hardships across the territory especially as the Strip still suffers the aftermath of the IOF military aggression that took place two months ago.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

A Palestinian civilian was killed and 8 others were wounded due to IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: a Palestinian man was killed, and two others wounded in a separate incident, in Nablus; 5 were wounded in Hebron; and another in Salfit. Dozens suffocated due to tear gas inhalation, fired by IOF in its attacks in the West Bank.

In the Gaza Strip, two Palestinians (including 1 woman) were wounded due to splattered glass after IOF launched an airstrike on a plot of land in Jabalia, northern Gaza Strip. Additionally, 3 IOF shootings were reported against agricultural lands in eastern Khan Younis.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 107 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 58 Palestinians were arrested, including 3 children and two women. Among the arrestees, were lawyer Fareed Mohammed al-Atrash (44), Director of the Independent Commission for Human Rights (ICHR) in southern West Bank and Dr. Shatha ‘Odeh, General-Director of the Health Work Committees (HWC) and President of the Palestinian NGO Network (PNGO), IOF confiscated her car as well; IOF had issued a 6-month shut down on UHWC 4 months ago. Additionally, IOF  raided the Headquarter of the of the Union of Agricultural Work Committees (UAWC) in al-Bireh City, confiscated some its contents and then ordered to close it for 6 months.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted two limited incursions into eastern Khan Younis; IOF construction vehicles levelled lands that were previously razed by IOF.

Demolitions:

PCHR fieldworkers documented 7 violations:

East Jerusalem: a warehouse, barracks, and an under-construction school demolished; 4 houses were self-demolished

Salfit: Israeli plan to expand “Yakir” and “Nofim” settlements, which are established on the lands of Deir Istiya village, with an area of 8500 dunums

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented two attacks by Israeli settlers on Palestinian civilians and their properties:

Hebron: settlers attacked Palestinian civilians and lands, wounding a Palestinian man and his son

East Jerusalem: metal stairs established in a Palestinian’s land in Jerusalem to connect several buildings that were seized by settlers.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Israeli authorities continued to impose collective punishments against the people of the Gaza Strip by strictly tightening its closure on the Gaza Strip, which entered its 15th year, without any indication for a solution in the future, depriving the Gaza population from enjoying their economic, social and cultural rights. Since the May IOF military aggression on Gaza, IOF have reinforced the restrictions imposed on the entry of goods and raw materials via Gaza’s sole commercial crossing, Karm Abu Salem, as well as its restrictions on the movement of individuals to and from the West Bank and Israel via Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossing.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity

Following Friday prayer, on 02 July 2021, IOF suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinians in front of a sit-in tent in al-Bustan neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, against houses demolition and the displacement of the neighborhood’s residents. The residents called for performing the Friday prayer in front of the sit-in tent in al-Bustan neighborhood. IOF deployed near the tent, provoked the protestors, and closed all intersections leading to the tent. Following the Friday prayer, dozens of Palestinians gathered, held banners condemning the occupation, chanted national slogans, and called upon the international community to intervene and protect Silwan village’s residents from being displaced from their houses. During which, IOF suppressed the protest and fired teargas canisters and sound bombs at the protestors. Afterwards, clashes erupted between the protestors and IOF in al-Bustan, Bir Ayoub and Baten al-Hawa neighborhoods, during which, IOF heavily fired teargas canisters. As a result, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation.

At approximately 12:20, IOF stationed in al-Ras area, northwest of Salfit, suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinians against lands confiscation in favor of settlement projects. IOF chased the protestors, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, a 29-year-old male, from Salfit, was hit with a teargas canister in his chest.

At approximately 13:30, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, opened fire at agricultural lands adjacent to Khuzaʽa village in eastern Khan Yunis. No casualties were reported.

At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 03 July 2021, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, opened fire at agricultural lands and Palestinian young men who approached the fence adjacent to Khuzaʽa village in eastern Khan Yunis. No casualties were reported.

On Saturday, 03 July 2021, a Palestinian civilian was killed and another wounded in IOF’s excessive use of force while protecting a group of settlers attacking Qusra village, southeastern Nablus.

According to PCHR investigations, at approximately 19:00 on Saturday, 3 July 2021, a group of settlers coming from “Ish Kodesh” settlement outpost, which is established on Qusra village lands, attacked Palestinians’ houses under IOF  protection. The local mosques called via speakers on the community to challenge the settlers and the military forces protecting them. Mohammed Farid Ali Hassan’s (20) house was among those subjected to settlers attacks. At the time, Hassan went to the roof and attempted to stop the settlers attacking his house by throwing stones. IOF shot live bullets at him, wounding him in the chest.  Israeli soldiers raided Hassan’s house and took him, called an ambulance that transported him into a hospital in Israel. Meanwhile, a group of Palestinians arrived at the scene and confronted the settlers and soldiers; the latter proceeded with firing live and rubber-coated metal bullets, stun and tear gas grenades at the locals wounding a 22-year-old male with live bullets in his lower extremities. He was taken to Rafidia Governmental Hospital in Nablus for treatment. Several others suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and were treated in the field. At approximately 21:00, IOF announced Mohammed Hassan dead, and informed the Palestinian Liaison, who informed Qusra Mayor, Mohammed Jaber, that Hassan died of his wounds.

At approximately 21:00, an Israeli infantry unit moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. They deployed between residential houses and patrolled the area. In the meantime, a group of Palestinians gathered near a distribution center belonging to UNRWA and threw stones at IOF, who chased the stone-throwers and fired teargas canisters at them. As a result, many of them suffocated due to teargas inhalation. IOF withdrew from the camp while a number of soldiers remained in the camp and stationed at its entrance until midnight.

At approximately 22:40 on Saturday, an Israeli drone fired 2 missiles at an agricultural land on al-Karama Street, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip. Five minutes later, Israeli warplanes fired 2 missiles at the land, causing severe damage in the area as olive trees were uprooted and a blocks factory located near the land sustained damage. Also, nearby houses sustained damage due to the scattering shrapnel. Moreover, Manal Hasan Mohammed al-Terawi (57) sustained puncture wounds in her right hand palm and in her lower limbs; and Jamal Helmi Ibrahim al-Qishawi (66) sustained puncture wounds all over his body. The injuries of them were described minor.

At approximately 01:30 on Sunday, 04 July 2021, a number of vehicles carrying Israeli settlers moved into the northern area of Halhul city in northern Hebron, under the IOF protection. IOF stationed in al-Nabi Yunis neighborhood and the settlers headed to the Old Mosque (al-Nabi Mousa Mosque) to perform prayers. In the meantime, a group of Palestinians gathered in the area and threw stones at IOF, who responded with live bullets and teargas canisters. As a result, 5 Palestinians were shot with live bullets and taken to hospitals in Hebron. The clashes continued for several hours. IOF withdrew at 04:00, and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 23:00 on Sunday, 04 July 2021, IOF moved into Bir Ayoub neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They closed the main street for several hours, established military checkpoints in the area, searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs, and forced them to pass through bypass roads. Afterwards, dozens of Palestinians gathered and threw stones at IOF and their vehicles. IOF immediately assaulted the protestors and heavily fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes continued until dawn hours. As a result, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation.

At approximately 23:05 on Monday, 05 July 2021, IOF moved into Nablus, to secure dozens of buses carrying Israeli settlers towards Joseph’s tomb, east of the city. IOF deployed on the city streets, especially in the eastern side, and between shops. At approximately 23:30, IOF opened fire at a Palestinian vehicle, which collided into a cement cube in al-Monshar area to avoid soldiers who suddenly came out in front of it. As a result, the driver namely Ameer ‘Ali Kamel ‘Issa (33), from al-Masaken al-Sha’biyia neighborhood, northeast of Nablus, was shot with 2 live bullets and taken to Rafidia Governmental Hospital. It was turned out that ‘Issa was shot with a live bullet in his right leg, was shot with a superficial bullet in his nose, and sustained fractures in his pelvis and right leg.

Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 01 July 2021

At approximately 00:30, IOF stationed at military checkpoint (300), north of Bethlehem, arrested Ameer Hasan ‘Allama, from al-Dawha village, west of the city. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Dar Salah village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Mahmoud Abu Teir’s (71) house, a member of the dissolved legislative council, and arrested him

.

It should be noted that Abu Teir is a former prisoner who spent 37 years in the Israeli prisons, and was arrested over than 20 times, the latest of which was last year, where he spent 10 months under the administrative arrest and released last March. Abu Teir is from Umm Tuba village in the occupied East Jerusalem, but he is exiled since 2010.

At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Yazeed Bahar’s (18) house and arrested him.

Around the same time, IOF moved into Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (7) civilians. The arrestees are: Ahmed Ra’fat al-Badawi (17), Obaida Ammar al-Ra’i (17), Anan Nidal al-Sharif (18), Sanad Emad al-Ra’i (19), Rami Mohammed Abdul Rahman (18), Mahmoud Eisa Jawabra (17), and Mohammed Eisa Jawabra (19).

Friday, 02 July 2021:

At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Dayr al-‘Asal village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Abdullah Yaser Shawamra’s (30) house and arrested him.

Around the same time, IOF moved into the southern side of Hebron. They raided and searched Sa’eb Saber Abu Sneina’s (36) house and arrested him.

At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Izbat abu Khmeish in Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mahmoud Ibrahim Zeidan (39).

At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Ein a-Luza neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Lo’ay Sami al-Rajabi’s (26) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli intelligence services in al-Maskobiya police center.

At approximately 18:00, IOF stationed at the entrance of Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, north of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, arrested Abdullah Abu Zneid (19) and Waseem al-Qawasmi (20). IOF took them to one of the police centers in the city.

At approximately 12:00, IOF moved into Qaffin village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Oday Majdi al-Zeben (19).

IOF carried out (2) incursions in Qarawat Bani Hassan and Kifl Haris villages in Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 03 July 2021:

At approximately 01:20, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Belal Abdul Rahman Awad’s (23) house and arrested him.

IOF carried out (2) incursions in Samu’ and Bayt Kahil villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 04 July 2021:

At approximately 01:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested the lawyer Fareed Mohammed al-Atrash (44), Director of the Independent Commission for Human Rights (ICHR) in southern West Bank and resident of al-Dawha area in Bethlehem, when he was on his way back from Ramallah. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

His wife stated to PCHR’s fieldworker the following:

“I received a call from my husband at 04:00 telling me that IOF stopped his car at al-Container Checkpoint and arrested him.  He told me that he was exhausted and suffered shortness of breath, so the Israeli forces took him to Hadassah Hospital in Jerusalem. Later the family learnt from HaMoked Complaints Office that my husband was referred at 10:00 to “Atarot” police station in Jerusalem while his brother brought my husband’s car that was left at al-Container checkpoint.”

Lawyer al-Atrash was previously arrested and abused by IOF several times; on 26 February 2016 IOF arrested him during his participation in a peaceful protest in Hebron and released him 8 days later.  He also appeared many times before the ”Ofer” military court; the last was on 30 May 2021 when the court imposed on him “a fine of 1500 NIS, suspended for 2 months”.

At approximately 09:00, IOF stopped Majed Ragheb al-Jo’ba’s (41) vehicle in Herod’s Gate “Bab Al Sahera”, in the occupied East Jerusalem. They pulled him and his family out of the vehicle, confiscated the vehicle and handed him a summons to refer to Moscovia Detention Centre in West Jerusalem.

It should be noted that al-Jo’ba is a former prisoner who spent 7 years in the Israeli prisons on charge of belonging to Hamas Movement, and his activities within the Aqsa Youth Group. Furthermore, IOF banned al-Jo’ba from entering Jerusalem and the West Bank for 6-months in 2018 and allowed him to be present only in the occupied territories of 1948 and Eizariya, east of Jerusalem, and renewed that decision several times for separated periods, summonsed him and threatened of taking serious actions against him.

At approximately 12:00, IOF moved into the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Oday Alaa al-Haddad’s (9) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli intelligence services in al-Kishle police center.

At approximately 14:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved 100-meters into the east of al-Fukhkhari village, east of Khan Yunis. They leveled and combed lands along the border fence for several hours before they deployed again inside the border fence.

At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Nimir Hasan Jawabra (22), from al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, after stopping him on a temporary military checkpoint established at the western entrance of the camp.

At approximately 20:00, IOF arrested Samer al-Bakri (32), while present near Bab al-Amud “Damascus Gate” in the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to al-Bareed police center on Salah al-Dein street.

Monday, 05 July 2021:

At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mohammed Ahmed Abu al-Hawa’s (18) house and arrested him.

At approximately 01:45, IOF moved into Beita village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Farouq Sbeih Hamayil (20) and Nawras Naji Hamayil (21) and arrested them.

At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Bara’ Abdul Naser Odwan (24).

At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into Zababdeh, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Taha Nafea’ al-Sharqawi (34).

At approximately 03:10, IOF moved into Arraba village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Baker Mohammed Abu Obaid (33), and Wael Ahmed ‘Aridi (28).

At approximately 04:00, IOF stationed near Bab Huta, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s Gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, arrested Khair al-Dein al-Shimi (63), from al-Makr village near Acre city, while performing al-Fajr “dawn” prayer in al-Aqsa Mosque. IOF took him to one of the police centers in the occupied city.

At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into Wadi Qadum neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Obada Nidal Dandis’s (25) house and arrested him.

At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into al-Dahrah area in al-Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Marwan Haitham Mustafa’s (13) house and arrested him.

At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Majd Abu Hatab’s (20) house and arrested him.

At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Tha’er Abdul Rahman al-Herini’s (39) house and arrested him.

At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed at the entrance of Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, north of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, arrested Ahmed Abu Eisa (14), because he was wearing the Palestinian scarf “Keffiyeh”. IOF took him to one of the detention centers in the occupied city.

IOF carried out (5) incursions in Usarin in Nablus; Fahma, southwest of Jenin; Beit Ummar, Dura, and Bayt al-Rosh al-Fawqa villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 06 July 2021

At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Hizma village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (6) civilians. The arrestees are: Ra’fat Talal Salah al-Dein (24), Mohammed Owda al-Khateeb (26), Salah Fares Salah al-Dein (23), Abdullah Aqel al-Khateeb (29), Mohammed Roshdi Salah al-Dein (27), and Abdul Rahman Osama al-Khateeb (27).

At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mohamadeen Yaser Salama and Mousa Jamal Salama and arrested them.

At approximately 02:40, IOF moved into Tarqumiyah, northwest of Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and arrested and arrested (4) civilians. The arrestees are: Mohammed Hmeidat al-Moraqtan (33), Mohammed Mousa Thabaniyah (35), Mostafa Abdul Qader Thabaniyah (33) and Hmeidan Mohammed al-Moraqtan (37).

At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Dawha village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Eyas Basam Faraheen (25) and Yousef Ibrahim al-Afifi (23) and arrested them.

At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Afana’s (19) house and arrested him.

At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Yousef Abu Safiya’s (14) house and arrested him.

At approximately 14:00, Israeli Intelligence Services arrested Mohammed al-Afifi (23), from al-Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem, after referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement in Bethlehem.

At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at a checkpoint established at the entrance of Shu’afat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Jaber Emad al-‘Adaween (43), while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

IOF carried out (3) incursions in Jenin, Silat al-Harithiya and Yamun villages, west of Jenin. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 07 July 2021:

At approximately 01:40, IOF moved into al-Tabaqa village, south of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Monthir Mohammed Abu ‘Atwan’s (55) house and arrested him.

At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mohammed Mahrous al-Kawni (21) and Taha Wael al-Titi (30) and arrested them.

At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Layan Naser’s (20) house and arrested her.

At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Khursa village, south of Dura. They raided and searched Muntaser Eisa Shadid’s (47) house and arrested him.

Around the same time, IOF raided Ein Mosbah area in Ramallah and Dr. Shatha ‘Odeh, General-Director of the Health Work Committees (HWC) and President of the Palestinian NGO Network (PNGO), from her house in Ramallah. IOF did not search Dr. Odeh’s house and asked her to take her medications and any belongings, arrested her and confiscated her car. Dr. Odeh’s family learned that she was taken to Ofer prison, noting that she suffers from diabetes, high blood pressure and Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). It worth noting that on 08 March 2021, IOF raided UHWC’s headquarter in Bireh City, and closed it for 6 months. The closure order is still valid.

Early on Wednesday, IOF raided the Headquarter of the of the Union of Agricultural Work Committees (UAWC) in al-Bireh City, confiscated some its contents and then ordered to close it for 6 months. Also, they arrested

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 03:30, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Bireh City and stationed in Sateh Marhaba neighborhood. They raided and searched UAWC’s headquarter (1 floor in Sidah building) and damage its contents. Before their withdrawal, IOF closed the main door of the UAWC’s office with metal bars and fixed an order to close the office for 6 months.

Foad Abu Saif, UAWC’s Director, stated to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF managed to open the office main door with special machine, broke and damage the office contents and confiscated some of them, including hard disks and recording device of the surveillance cameras. He added that some of employees and I arrived at the UAWC’s office at approximately 08:00 and entered it via emergency exit door as the office main door was closed with metal bars and a closure order issued by the “Israel Defense Forces Commander in Judea and Samaria” was fixed on it. The closure order is valid until 06 January 2022. The order states that the closure order issued under the pretext that we work on land reclamation project in area classified as Area C.

It should be noted that UAWC is an institution working in the field of agriculture and is considered one of the largest agricultural development institutions in Palestine.  UAWC was founded in 1986 and it has several branches in the West Bank governorates.

At approximately 10:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved a limited distance from the east of al-Qarara village to the northeast of Khan Yunis. They leveled and combed lands along the border fence amidst a sporadic Israeli shooting and deployed again inside the border fence after several hours. No casualties were reported.

IOF carried out (4) incursions in Jenin; Ramin, south of Tulkarm; Samu and Bayt Kahil in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolitions, Confiscations, and Notices

At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 01 July 2021, Israeli Municipality’s bulldozers demolished a warehouse, barracks, and fence in Sur Baher, south of occupied Jerusalem, under the pretext of no construction license.

Mahmoud Khalil al-Baseet said that IOF stormed his land in the village without a prior warning and levelled the fence surrounding in addition to demolishing the warehouse.  He added that the warehouse was built 5 months ago on an area of 40sqms.  Before they withdrew, the Israeli bulldozers demolished a 25-sqm commercial barrack belonging to Hasan Fawaqah.

In the evening, ‘Ezzat Khalil Ziyadah self-demolished his 2 houses in Salib area, where “Har Gilo” settlement was established near Beit Safafa village, south of occupied East Jerusalem, pursuant to the Israeli municipal decision, under the pretext of unlicensed building.

‘Ezzat Ziyadah said that he had lived in his house for more than 30 years despite lack of services as the Israeli Municipality did not supply him with water and electricity like other Israeli settlers in Giol Settlement, costing him tens of thousands of shekels to established electricity poles and water network.  ‘Ezzat added that he lived with his daughter and 2 sons; one is married with his wife and kids, in an apartment, while his son Mo’ayad and his wife and 3 kids lived in small apartment next to them.  Both apartments are 230sqms.  ‘Ezzat said that the Israeli municipality has haunted him for 17 years, so he hired a lawyer to postpone and freeze the demolition decision many times.  However, the municipality gave him lately until Fourth of July to carry out the demolition or it will send its bulldozers and crews to do so and impose on him high expenses.  As a result, he was forced to self-demolish. 

In the afternoon, Bader Darwish Abu Solah self-demolished his house in al-Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, north of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, pursuant to the Israeli municipality decision under the pretext of unlicensed destruction.

Bader Dawlah, the house’s owner, said that he built his house in 1952 and around 18 years ago he established a second floor of tinplate and steel that included a room, kitchen, and a bathroom on an area of 40sqms. When his son became older, he moved to the house.  Abu Dawlah said that the Israeli municipality haunted his son in the last 2 years and issued a demolition decision for the second floor.  Abu Dawlah added that his son hired a lawyer to postpone the demolition decision, but the court reassured the decision and forced him to self-demolish his house or he will be fined with ILS 70,000.

On Sunday morning, 04 July 2021, the Israeli Civil Administration declared a plan to expand “Yakir” and “Nofim” settlements established on the lands of Deir Istiya village, north of Salfit, with an area of 8,500 dunums. The expansion plan will include Palestinian lands in the areas of al-Nuwetif, al-Majwar, Wadi Khalil, al-Saffar and Bir ‘Ammar, all the way to Wadat Al-Hamam affiliated to Qarawat Bani Hassan, west of Salfit.

The Municipality crews of “Deir Istiya and Bir ‘Ammar” reviewed the plan on reality and showed the owners their confiscated land in favor of the plan.  Meanwhile, the Palestinian Liaison was informed that ten thousand dunums from Deir Istiya western lands that included al-Marah, al-Sahlat, Khallet Abu Rabie, al-Musalbeh, a part of Khallet Nashit, and Hariqet Abu Zuhair, Khallet al-‘Am, al-Kabara, Ghirsat al-Ain, part of al-Batin, al-Hanaya, al-Thaer, al-Dakhmash and part of Wadi Qana, and Kherbet Shehadah as well as the archeological site, giving them 20 days to appeal starting from Friday, 02 July 2021. 

On the same morning, Mohammed ‘Adnan Darwish self-demolished his under-construction house in al-‘Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, pursuant to the Israeli municipality’s decision under the pretext of unlicensed construction.  Mohammed Darwish said that he lived in a small house which did not suffice his wife and 4 children; the eldest is 31 years old and the youngest is 8; thus, he had to build a bigger house on area of 120sqms in the village to move to with his children so his eldest son could marry.  Darwish added that he had to build the house without a construction license, as he knew it is impossible to get one in this area.  He said that he hired a lawyer to freeze the decision and managed to do so until the beginning of next September; however, he was surprised with a phone call from the Israeli police giving him until 18:00 to carry out the demolition or the municipality’s crews will do so and fine him with ILS 300,000 for the demolition costs.

At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 06 July 2021, Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished an under-construction school belonging to Saleh ‘Alqam in al-Salam Suburb in ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of unlicensed construction.

Saleh ‘Alqam, Director of al-Razi Schools, said that the Israeli Municipality bulldozers moved into al-Salam Suburb via the annexation wall’s gate and accompanied with tens of infantry forces that surrounded the new building of al-Razi School and started demolishing it.  ‘Alqam said that the 280-sqm school building of 3 floors was supposed to receive hundreds of students in the beginning of the new semester.  He added that he established the new building instead of the old one that was demolished by IOF in March 2019 on an area of 1000sqms in addition to the public utilities.  He said that he tried to obtain a construction license for the school but the Israeli municipality procrastinated each time he headed to obtain a license, claiming that he refuses to teach the Israeli curriculum in his schools. 

In the same morning, Ahmed Yousif Abu Ghannam self-demolished his residential building in al-Tour neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, pursuant to the Israeli Municipality’s decision under the pretext of unlicensed construction.  Abu Ghannam added that his 2-storey building housed 3 inhabited apartments and another under construction with an overall area of 300 sqms.  He said that he finished the construction in 2013 and lived with his family along with his sister and brother’s families of 21 individuals; most of them are children.  He said that the Israeli Municipality has haunted him since 2019 and issued a demolition decision.  Last May, the Israeli court approved the demolition decision and rejected postponing or freezing it.  The Israeli police raided the building many times last month and ordered him to carry out the demolition.  Few days ago, the Israeli police called him to warn him of sending the municipality vehicles to demolish it if he did not do it himself and fine him with ILS 200,000 for the demolition expenses.  Abu Ghannam said that this is the second time the Israeli municipality demolish his house as in 1994 it demolished his family house in the neighborhood and made them homeless.

Settler attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property

At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 01 July 2021, a group of settlers from “Mitzpe Yair” settlement established on the Palestinian lands of eastern Yatta, south of Hebron, moved into Maghayer al-‘Abeed area.  The settlers uprooted the water pipes installed by the residents to supply houses with water and assaulted the residents who attempted to confront them.  As a result, Msallam Ahmed Abu Humeid (44) and his son Ahmed (20) sustained bruises.  IOF and Israeli police arrived and moved the settlers away while Abu Humeid and his son were taken to a clinic in Yatta.

At approximately 09:00 on Sunday, 04 July 2021, a group of settlers under IOF’s protection raided a plot of land belonging to Maher Abu Subeih in Batn al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of occupied Eat Jerusalem’s Old City and installed stairs inside to connect several estates seized by settlers in the neighborhood.

Fakhri Abu Diab, member of Silwan Defense Committee, said that settlers from ‘Atarit Cohanim settlement organization raided a plot of land belonging to Maher Abu Sbeih, but his wife expelled them.  The settlers came back under IOF’s protection and started installing the stairs to connect a building belonging to ‘Awad Family and lately seized by settlers with another building seized 10 years ago in the same neighborhood.  Abu Diab added that the land’s owner resorted to the Israeli court to stop the settlers’ assault on his land and issued a decision from the court proving his ownership of the land and removing the stair installed by the settlement organization.   However, IOF ignored the court’s decision and provided full protection for the settlers during their assault on Abu Subeih’s land.

Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip:

The Israeli authorities continued to impose collective punishments against the people of the Gaza Strip, including tightened restrictions on imports and exports, causing a serious deterioration in Palestinians’ enjoyment of their economic and cultural rights.

The Gaza Strip still suffers under the Israeli-imposed closure, which entered its 15th year recently, with extreme restrictions on the movement of goods and individuals, exacerbating the continued deterioration of humanitarian conditions and causing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. For further information, please see PCHR State of the Border Crossing monthly update, and PCHR reports on the closure.

The West Bank

In addition to 108 permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of 36 temporary checkpoints that restrict the movement of goods and individuals, where IOF searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 9 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints. IOF reinforced its restrictions on civilians’ freedom of movement at its permanent checkpoints in the West Bank and shut some checkpoints for several hours on multiple occasions.

Hereafter are PCHR documentation of restrictions on the freedom of movement and IOF-established temporary checkpoints across the West Bank this week:

Jerusalem

On Friday, 02 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints near al-Maghareba Gate and at the entrance to Bir Ayoub neighborhood in Silwan.

Bethlehem

On Thursday, 01 July 2021, IOF establishes 2 checkpoints near al-Nashash area and at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, east of the city.

On Friday, 02 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints near al-Nashash area and at the northern entrance to Jannatah village, east of the city.

On Saturday, 03 July 2021, IOF establishes a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, east of the city.

On Sunday, 04 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints in ‘Aqabet Hasnah area and at the entrance to Tuqu village, east of the city.

On Monday, 05 July 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Wadi Fukin village, west of the city.

On Tuesday, 06 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the western and northern entrances to Tuqu village, east of the city.

Nablus

On Monday, 05 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints in al-Moraba’a area and at the intersection of “Yitzhar” settlement, southeast of the city.

On Tuesday, 06 July 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to “Homesh” settlement on Nablus-Jenin Road, northwest of the city.

Hebron

On Thursday, 01 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to Fawwar refugee camp, at the southern and western entrances to Hebron, and at the entrance to Beit Einun village.

On Friday, 02 July 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Sa’ir and Khasa villages and at the southern entrance to Halhul city.

On Saturday, 03 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Awwa and Surif villages, at the southern entrance to Hebron, and at the northern entrance to Yatta city.

On Sunday, 04 July 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Sa’ir and Idhna villages, at the eastern entrance to Dura city.

On Tuesday, 05 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Sa’ir and ad-Dhahiriya villages.

On Wednesday, 07 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Hebron and at the entrance to Al-Arroubr refugee camp.

Salfit

On Friday, 02 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Ballut and Qarawat Bani Hassan villages, west of Salfit.

Qalqilya

On Saturday, 03 July 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Azzun village, east of the city.

The Nakba and the Polish Law

 BY GILAD ATZMON

1589885470.jpg

by Gilad Atzmon

Source: Almayadeen.net

Israel seems upset by a new Polish law that sets a 30-year deadline for Jews to recover seized property. The legislation is yet to be approved by Poland’s senate, yet Israeli officials already refer to it as the “Holocaust law.” They insist that it is ‘immoral’ and ‘a disgrace.’

Last week Israeli Minister of Foreign Affairs Yair Lapid insisted that the bill “is a disgrace that will not erase the horrors or the memory of the Holocaust.”

The Nakba and the Polish Law

I fail to see which part of the legislation interferes with the memory and the horrors of the holocaust. I actually think that the crude attempt to squeeze billions of dollars from Poland in the name of a human tragedy may have a detrimental impact on this historical chapter and the way it is memorized.

The Poles didn’t approve of the Jewish ‘State’ interfering with their internal affairs. On Friday, Poland’s Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki hit back at Lapid, stressing, “I can only say that as long as I am the prime minister, Poland will not pay for German crimes: Neither zloty, nor euro, nor dollar.”

Poland’s Minister of Foreign Affairs echoed Morawiecki’s position, arguing that Lapid’s comments were misguided. “Poland is by no means responsible for the Holocaust, an atrocity committed by the German occupant also on Polish citizens of Jewish origin.”

During the weekend, the crisis seemed to escalate. On Sunday, Poland and Israel summoned the other’s ambassador for meetings as the rift between the two countries didn’t seem to subside.  

I am not in a position to judge what is right and who is wrong on restitution matters. Suppose the Polish new legislation is “a horrific injustice and disgrace that harms the rights of Holocaust survivors and their heirs,” as Lapid says. In that case, we should also expect Lapid to vividly support the Palestinians, their right of return, and their right to be compensated for the colossal crimes committed against them in 1948 and thereafter. 

In 1948, more than 700,000 Palestinians (the vast majority of indigenous Palestine) were ethnically cleansed by the newly born Jewish State. This catastrophic racially driven crime (that included a long list of massacres) is called the Nakba. It took place less than four years after the liberation of Auschwitz. 

During the 1948 war and shortly after, young Israel wiped out Palestinian cities and villages. It then used legislation to prevent Palestinians from returning to their homes and applied any possible means to plunder their properties, dispossessing those few Palestinians who clung to their land. Yet, Israel never admitted its original sin of ethnic cleansing. 

Applying to a moral cause, Israel claims to represent Jewish demands for restitution in Poland. I wonder, shouldn’t the same rule be applied to the Palestinians? Shouldn’t Israel put the same moral law into play and acknowledge the Palestinians’ right to their land, villages, cities, fields, and orchards?

While in Poland, it was Nazi Germany that brought a disaster on the county’s Jewry. In Palestine, young IDF and Jewish paramilitary groups committed colossal crimes against the indigenous population. While Nazi Germany ceased to exist in 1945, the IDF is still with us. The Labour party (which formed the first Israeli government directly) is still active and is even a member of the current governing coalition. The Likud Party, being the offspring of the Irgun and the Stern Gang (both complicit in some of the most brutal massacres in Palestine), is, by far, the biggest party in the Israeli Knesset. The Israeli and Zionist institutions that were responsible for the 1948 crime have never ceased to exist. They have never owned their crimes, let alone repented. 

Holocaust survivors have been compensated by different means for the crime that was committed against them by Europeans. Israel benefitted from a large reparations deal with the German government. The Palestinians, however, are still living in open-air prisons and refugee camps, subject to blockades and constant abuse.    

The time is ripe for Israel to own up to its horrendous past. By now, Israel should accept that the Palestinian cause is not fading away or evaporating into thin air. If Israel seeks to reconcile with the region, it must first apply to itself that moral code that it demands Poland to follow. 

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Who Will Stand Up for Palestinian Activists? The Brutal, Tragic Murder of Nizar Banat

Nizar Banat Feature photo

By Miko Peled

Source

Blaming the PA for the death of Nizar Banat is the same as blaming the finger of the person pulling the trigger, or blaming the poison rather than those who administered the poison.

OCCUPIED PALESTINE — The inexcusable, tragic murder of Palestinian activist Nizar Banat,– the fierce critic of the Palestinian Authority, or PA, whose “health deteriorated” mysteriously last week while he was in PA custody — shows us once again that Palestinians have no protection. No Palestinian is safe when they decide to stand up and demand rights, justice, or even life. All indicators now point to the PA, as responsible for this reprehensible killing. However, the PA was merely the finger that pulled the trigger.

The Palestinian Authority was created by Israel and it works for Israel — it is a tool in the hands of the apartheid regime. Israel is ultimately responsible for the death of Nizar, just as it is responsible for the death of countless Palestinians. The State of Israel is a violent, racist state that has plagued Palestine for more than seven decades and must be stopped before one more drop of Palestinian blood is shed.

The New York Times quickly published an article berating the corrupt Palestinian Authority and even the U.S. State Department issued a statement regarding Nizar Banat’s death. The State Department spokesman, Ned Price, said in a statement:

We are deeply disturbed by the death of Palestinian activist Nizar Banat and the information that has been reported regarding the circumstances of his death. We offer our sincere condolences to his family and community. We urge the Palestinian Authority to conduct a thorough and transparent investigation and to ensure full accountability in this case. We have serious concerns about Palestinian Authority restrictions on the exercise of freedom of expression by Palestinians and harassment of civil society activists and organizations.”

A staunch defender of Israel, the NYT was quick to denounce the PA's misdeeds
A staunch defender of Israel, the NYT was quick to denounce the PA’s misdeeds

While the family and friends of Nizar undoubtedly feel a deep sense of gratitude that the U.S. Department of State cares enough to issue a statement, one wonders how it is that they don’t issue such statements when Palestinians die in Israeli custody. Is it possible that the U.S. Department of State does not hear of the countless thousands of Palestinians who are arrested, beaten, tortured, and murdered by the Israeli authorities? Curiously, it is only when the executioner is a Palestinian that the U.S. Department of State awakens from its slumber (or perhaps it takes a break from spreading democracy around the world) and pays attention to Palestinians.

While people find great joy in criticizing the Palestinian Authority, they must not forget that it was created by Israel in order to serve Israel and its interests. Blaming the PA for the death of Nizar Banat is the same as blaming the finger of the person pulling the trigger, or blaming the poison rather than those who administered the poison.

Who will be next? Who will defend them?

Reports from media outlets highlight the anti-PA sentiment that is being expressed in large protests throughout Palestinian cities. This latest abuse by the Palestinian Authority may have been a bridge too far and the PA may have underestimated the backlash from the killing of Nizar. We may even see someone being fired from their job or arrested for this, but the fact remains that the Authority itself is an arm of the Israeli oppression.

Those of us who are deeply involved in and committed to the struggle for justice in Palestine are intimately acquainted with Palestinian activists. We should be clear that the world let Nizar Banat die. I personally did not have the honor of ever meeting Nizar, but I live in fear for the lives of the ones I do know. The protests after the fact will not bring Nizar back and, unless we act to prevent the next Palestinian death, we will have failed to stand up to our responsibility.

We neglected to protect Nizar and his family from the brutal injustice that plagues Palestine. Tragically, he is not the first nor will he be the last Palestinian victim of the injustice. This is an injustice that has a name and a face, and with which so many people and governments are happy to engage.

The question raised by the untimely death of Nizar is: Who will stand up for Palestinian activists? Progressive politicians in the West call on us to “tone down the rhetoric.” Bernie Sanders was asked the following question about the use of the word “Apartheid:” “Do you think those who share your view should not use that kind of language?” The senator replied, “I think we should tone down the rhetoric.” The follow-up question should have been “For how long?” How much longer should the rhetoric be “toned down?” How many more fine men and women and children need to be arrested, tortured, expelled, and-or killed before it is appropriate to tone up the rhetoric?

Sanders did introduce a resolution to temporarily block $735 million in U.S. weapons sales to Israel, and he did admit that the sales of weapons to Israel are only “fueling the conflict.” However, this is far from enough.

There is an urgent need to protect Palestinian human rights activists who dedicate their lives to freeing their land and their people from the Zionist oppression. These activists are constantly persecuted by Israel — and by Israel’s contracted enforcer, the Palestinian Authority.

These activists and their children are regularly targeted, arrested, harassed and tortured; and, as we saw in the case of Nizar Banat, killed. While we may see a Palestinian official fired for what must be seen as an embarrassment for the PA, we will not see an end to this persecution until real protection is given to these courageous activists.

The days of expressing solidarity by wearing “Free Palestine” T-shirts are over. People of conscience who want to see an end to the bloody injustice in Palestine need to roll up their sleeves and demand it. There can be no tolerance for Zionism. Zionists and the multitude of Zionist organizations around the world must be shut down and all elected officials, from members of school boards to those who hold national office, must condemn Zionism and the State of Israel or be voted out in shame.

Zionism is racism and it has brought death and suffering to Palestine and its people. It is up to us to see to it that the death of Nizar Banat will not have been in vain.

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