Mashaan AlJabouri: On Iraqi Elections

Advertisements

1986 CIA Document Analyzes Possibilities Of ‘Regime Change’ in Syria

1986 CIA Document Analyzes Possibilities Of 'Regime Change' in Syria

EDITOR’S CHOICE | 03.04.2018

1986 CIA Document Analyzes Possibilities Of ‘Regime Change’ in Syria

Brandon TURBEVILLE

While the connections between the plans to destroy Syria and the Obama administration are generally known, what is even less well-known is the fact that there existed a plan to destroy Syria as far back as not only the Bush administration but also the Reagan Administration in 1983.

Documents contained in the U.S. National Archives and drawn up by the CIA reveal a plan to destroy the Syrian government going back decades. One such document entitled, “Bringing Real Muscle To Bear In Syria,” written by CIA officer Graham Fuller, is particularly illuminating. In this document, Fuller wrote,

Syria at present has a hammerlock on US interests both in Lebanon and in the Gulf — through closure of Iraq’s pipeline thereby threatening Iraqi internationalization of the [Iran-Iraq] war. The US should consider sharply escalating the pressures against Assad [Sr.] through covertly orchestrating simultaneous military threats against Syria from three border states hostile to Syria: Iraq, Israel and Turkey.

Even as far back as 1983, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s father, Hafez Assad, was viewed as a gadfly to the plans of Western imperialists seeking to weaken both the Iraqis and the Iranians and extend hegemony over the Middle East and Persia. The document shows that Assad and hence Syria represented a resistance to Western imperialism, a threat to Israel, and that Assad himself was well aware of the game the United States, Israel, and other members of the Western imperialist coalition were trying to play against him.

I encourage the reader to access my article, “1983 CIA Document Reveals Plan To Destroy Syria, Foreshadows Current Crisis,” to read more about this document.

The question of the Assad thorn in the side of the West continued on for the United States as was evidenced by yet another CIA document from 1986 entitled “Syria: Scenarios of Dramatic Political Change.” Although not an open advocation of destabilization and/or war, the paper does examine the possibilities of destabilization and “regime change” in Syria, most notably in the scenario of mass unrest, Muslim Brotherhood manipulation and violence, defections, and a coup.

After giving a summation of “The Present Scene” and “Major Players” that include Hafez Assad’s inner circle, the military, Sunnis, and Muslim Brotherhood, the paper goes into a description of possible ways Assad’s government could be brought down and replaced with one more friendly to Western interests. The ways in which this takedown could be accomplished ranged from a military coup, a military defeat, and/or mass public unrest and destabilization. It should also be noted that the report attempts to paint Sunnis and the Muslim Brotherhood as one in the same. However, the MB does not and never has represented the majority of Sunnis in Syria. Thus, when the CIA document mentions “Sunnis” it is referring to the extremist Muslim Brotherhood factions of society.

In a subsection entitled, “Communal Violence Escalates Into Civil War,” the document reads,

Sunni dissidence has been minimal since Assad crushed the Muslim Brotherhood in the early 1980s, but deep-seated tensions remain – keeping alive the potential for minor incidents to grow into major flareups of communal violence. For example, disgruntlement over price hikes, altercations between Sunni citizens and police forces, or anger at privileges accorded to Alawis at the expense of Sunnis could foster small-scale protests. Excessive government force in quelling such disturbances might be seen by Sunnis as evidence of a government vendetta against all Sunnis, precipitating even larger protests by other Sunni groups.

Sunni merchants and artisans probably would launch protests similar to those staged in previous years, for example by closing down businesses and the bazaars in Hamah or Aleppo and possibly Damascus. Sunni students would stage campus demonstrations, and Sunni professional associations would organize stoppages. Mistaking the new protests as a resurgence of the Muslim Brotherhood, the government would step up its use of force and launch violent attacks on a broad spectrum of Sunni community leaders as well as on those engaged in the protests. Regime efforts to restore order would founder if government violence against protesters inspired broad-based communal violence between Alawis and Sunnis.

A general campaign of Alawi violence against Sunnis might push even moderate Sunnis to join the opposition. Remnants of the Muslim Brotherhood – some returning from exile in Iraq – could provide a core of leadership for the movement. Although the regime has the resources to crush such a venture, we believe brutal attacks on Sunni civilians might prompt large numbers of Sunni officers and conscripts to desert or to stage mutinies in support of dissidents, and Iraq might supply them with sufficient weapons to launch a civil war.

Indicators Of A Developing Scenario

  • Strikes and demonstrations demanding government action to end discrimination against Sunnis become frequent.
  • Security personnel force businesses to reopen and confiscate the inventories of many.
  • The government conducts the indiscriminate roundups of Sunni leaders.
  • Syrian leaders accuse Iraq and the Muslim Brotherhood of fomenting unrest.
  • Violent indicators including bombings of Sunni social gatherings take place; Sunnis retaliate with similar violence against Alawis.
  • Government attacks on suspected Sunnis dissidents increase; sometimes razing whole blocks in Sunni residential areas
  • Sunni troops refuse to fire on demonstrators; some units mutiny and join growing Sunni opposition movements.

Thus, while observing potential flareups for social violence, one major aspect of the destabilization of 2011, the CIA viewed the Sunni population, more specifically the Muslim Brotherhood, as the one that would be the most volatile element of society and also that it might be funded from the outside. The CIA predicted “defections” and a “civil war” drawn along religious lines. This “potential” situation was attempted by the CIA in 2011 but was forced to rely on outside Sunni fighters since the fiercely secular Syrian people were not able to be coaxed into a religious civil war as easily as the CIA imagined.

The CIA document also addressed the “Soviet Angle,” opining about ways in which the strong ties between the Russia/Soviet Union and Syria could be broken and the situations which might bring that separation about. The document comes to the conclusion that a military defeat, most likely against Israel, would prove Soviet weapons and military training inferior, forcing Syria to rely more heavily on the West for training and equipment and thus become more pliable to the Western agenda.

In the section entitled, “Implications For The United States,” the document states that the most ideal situation for the US would be to see the Assad government overthrown and replaced by a “Sunni regime controlled by business-oriented moderates.” This essentially refers to a Muslim Brotherhood coup against the Syrian government which would of course follow with a regime that is much more favorable and cooperative with the Western agenda than that of Assad’s Syria. The document also hints at the desire to see the new “Sunni business-oriented moderate” government’s interest in the “private sector,” which historically has come to mean major Western corporations that take over public services and natural resources and turn them into commodities.

While this document did not provide a strategy by which to achieve the desired outcomes it lists (at least not in the sanitized declassified version), it still follows the same train of thought as the CIA document released three years prior in that it hopes for the collapse of deposition of the Assad government and the replacement of that government with one that is more friendly to Western aims. The US government went ahead with the implementation of this plan in 2011 that has resulted in over 400,000 deaths in Syria over the course of seven years of warfare.

activistpost.com

التفاهم الروسي الأميركي يتصدّع في سورية

التفاهم الروسي الأميركي يتصدّع في سورية

ديسمبر 29, 2017

د. وفيق إبراهيم

يشهد الميدان السوري تصعيداً ملحوظاً في مستوى التنافس الأميركي الروسي يهدّد بالانزلاق من مستوى المجابهات غير المباشرة إلى مواجهات مكشوفة. أمّا الأسباب فتعود إلى عرض مشبوه تعهّد فيه الأميركيون بعدم استهداف المناطق التي توالي الدولة السوريّة، مقابل تحاشي تقدّم الجيش السوري نحو شرق البلاد ابتداءً من الحدود مع العراق حتى الحدود مع تركيا، وعلى طول خط نهر الفرات.

وهذا عرض يؤدّي فوراً إلى تقسيم سورية إلى ثلاث دوائر: إحداها للدولة بمساحة تزيد عن 65 في المئة من مساحة البلاد، مقابل عشرين في المئة للمنطقة الكردية العشائرية الأميركية، ونحو عشرة في المئة لـ «جبهة النصرة» المتعاونة مع الجيش التركي ومنظّماته التركمانية. هذا إلى جانب خمسة في المئة هي مناطق خفض التوتر تنتشر فيها قوى ملتبسة عدة.

لكنّ الردّ السوري الرسمي كان صاعقاً، ومتجسّداً في رفض صارم اعتبر أنّ العرض الأميركي ليس إلا وسيلة لتقسيم سورية وتفتيتها، ومحاولة لاحتواء الهزيمة العسكرية التي مُنيت بها قوى الإرهاب والمعارضات المسلّحة التكفيرية المحسوبة على أميركا وتركيا والخليج.

لجهة الردّ الروسي، فلم يكن أقلّ وضوحاً، لأنّ موسكو حريصة على تحالفاتها مع الدولة السوريّة وإيران على الرغم من أنّها فهمت العرض على أنّه قبول أميركي صريح بحقّ موسكو «برعاية» الدولة السورية بشكل مباشر، لذلك رفض الروس العرض لسببين: لأنه يسيء إلى علاقاتهم بالدولة السوريّة وإيران من جهة، ولأنّه يمنح الأميركيين فرصة إعادة بناء آليات إرهابية جديدة تُعيد بعد مدة ليست بعيدة شنّ حروب في سورية والعراق ولبنان، وهذا ما دفع بموسكو إلى تأكيد أنّ هدفها في 2018 هي «جبهة النصرة» بكلّ أشكالها ولبوسها المتعدّدة. وهذا يكشف أنّ المشروع الأميركي شرق الفرات ليس بعيداً عن متناول الرقابة الروسيّة، بوسائل متعدّدة منها الأقمار الاصطناعية والاستخبارية.

لقد تبيّن لموسكو أنّ 14 قاعدة أميركية تنتشر شرق سورية، وتعمل ليلاً نهاراً على بناء ما أسمته «جيش سورية الجديد» المتشكّل من القوات الكردية «قسد» وعشائر عربية سوريّة نظّمتها المخابرات السعودية وموّلتها برعاية وزير الدولة السعودي لشؤون الخليج ثامر السبهان، بالإضافة إلى أعداد كبيرة من منظمات «داعش» و«النصرة» وجيش الإسلام وفيلق الرحمن وبضع مئات من الأنفار يشكّلون ما يسمّى «الجيش الحر»، ولأنّ موسكو تعرف أنّ «النصرة» هي المنظمة الأكثر عدداً، وجّهت إعلاناً صريحاً بأنها على رأس لائحة المستهدفين للعام 2018.

وهذه رسالة مزدوجة للأميركي والتركي معاً، لأنّ الأول يريد تنظيمها في آليّاته العسكرية الجديدة لإعادة إحياء الإرهاب. أمّا التركي، فيريد استخدامها ليحقق دوراً لحلفائه من الإخوان المسلمين السوريين في التسوية السلمية المرتقبة.

والدولة السورية الملمّة بمطامع الأتراك لم تتأخّر في تسديد اتهامات للأتراك بأنّهم قوى تحتلّ الشمال السوري وتدعم المنظمات الإرهابية، وهذا ما دفع بأنقرة إلى التشنّج والعودة إلى الخطاب التقليدي الذي يزعم «أنّ بقاء الرئيس الأسد في السلطة جريمة كبرى».

هناك إذن قوّتان متقابلتان، يفصل بينهما نهر الفرات، لكنّه لن يطول منعهما من المجابهة، وهما 14 قاعدة أميركية ومعها فلول الإرهاب ومنظّمات الكرد وجيش سورية الجديد، مقابل الجيش السوري وحلفائه الروس والإيرانيين وحزب الله والقوى الرديفة والحليفة. وما يدفع باتجاه رفع مستوى التوتّر بين الفريقين، هو الطيران الروسي الذي يريد استئناف نشاطه في قصف ما تبقّى من أراضٍ سوريّة يعيث فيها الإرهاب، خصوصاً في الغوطة الشرقية وشرق الفرات ومنطقة إدلب. ولأنّ هاتين المنطقتين هما تحت الوصاية الأميركية والتركية، فلا شكّ في أنّ مستويات التفاهم بين الروس وهذين الفريقين ذاهبة إلى مزيد من التوتر.

بالنسبة للأميركيين، فلن يقبلوا بتدمير «آليّاتهم الإرهابية» الجديدة، لأنّهم يعوّلون عليها لإعادة تجديد دورهم المتراجع في سورية والعراق. فهل يتركون التحالف السوري الروسي الإيراني يكمل عملية تحرير سورية بتحرير شرقها؟

لذلك، أعلن وزارة البنتاغون الأميركي رفض بلاده سحب قواتها من سورية في موقف يدفع إلى مزيد من التأزّم في تفاهماتها السابقة مع الروس. الأمر الذي يضع قوات البلدين في مواقف عسكرية لا يُحْسَدون عليها، خصوصاً أنّ الاحتلال الأميركي للحدود السوريّة العراقية انتهى عملياً مع محاصرة القوات السورية لقاعدة التنف الأميركية التي أصبحت معزولة تماماً، ولا سُبل إمداد لها إلا من خلال الطيران وبعض البؤر الإرهابية المجاورة.

فهل تذهب الأمور إلى حدود الاصطدام؟

ما يعزّز هذه الفرضية هو الوجود العسكري لحزب الله والمنظّمات الإقليمية والإيرانية إلى جانب الجيش السوري، هؤلاء لن يدّخروا جهداً لتحرير شرق سورية، فضلاً عن الروس أنفسهم الذين يعلمون أنّ تحرير سورية بكاملها هو إعادة بناء كاملة لدولة صديقة لهم، ومعبرهم إلى الفضاءات السوفياتية السابقة.

بأيّ حال، لن يدخل الأميركيون في معارك جديدة خاسرة، وحين يستشعرون اقتراب الانهيار، فلن يتأخروا في ترك شرق سورية للدولة السوريّة، لكنّهم وعلى مستوى التدبّر واستيعاب ردود الفعل الروسية يتّجهون إلى تسهيل عمليات إرهابية جديدة بدأت في روسيا نفسها بطرسبرغ وأفغانستان والعراق وأوكرانيا، ويُنتظر أن تتكاثر لأنّها مدعومة من الجهات الاستخبارية التقليدية التي سبق ودعمتها منذ 2003 وحتى اليوم، وهي الجهات الأميركية السعودية والتركية.

لذلك يرجّح أن تزداد عمليات «داعش» والقاعدة في أوروبا وروسيا والصين والهند، تلبية لحاجات أميركية ترى أنّ ترويع العالم أفضل وسيلة لتدجينه ضمن مشروع النفوذ الدائم للإمبراطورية الأميركية.

ضمن هذا الإطار، يجري تشجيع الإرهاب على استهداف البلدان الداعمة للدولة السورية وعلى رأسها روسيا، مع العودة إلى اللجوء إلى الفتنة السنّية الشيعية، كما حدث في أفغانسان التي ضرب الإرهاب «الداعشي» فيها مؤسّسات شيعية.

ولاستكمال المشهد الإرهابي، تعطّل واشنطن حركة العراقيين للانتقال إلى الاستقرار، وتستعين هنا بالسعوديين أصحاب الخبرة في تحقيق التدمير والفوضى والفتن المذهبية. وهذا لا يعني أنّ الدولة السورية وحلفاءها لم يربحوا الحرب، فهؤلاء انتقلوا من محيط دمشق والساحل السوري إلى حدودهم مع الأردن والعراق ولبنان، وعلى مقربة من الحدود مع تركيا، ما يعني أنّ الدولة انتصبت على بُنى قوية ومتماسكة، وما يحدث هو آخر المهام لإعادة سورية دولة إقليمية قادرة.

ماذا أيضاً عن التفاهم الروسي مع الترك؟

إنّ مَن يستطيع تحجيم الدور الأميركي، لن يعجز عن استيعاب قلق أردوغان وهمومه الكردية، لكن ليس على حساب استقرار سورية. ولا بدّ من تأكيد أنّ العام المقبل لن يكون إلا سنة تحرير سورية وإعادة تموضعها كدولة رائدة ومحوريّة في المشرق العربي. ميركي أ

Related Videos

Related Articles

Interview with Flemish priest in Syria: “Putin and Assad saved my life” ~ The Western media coverage of Syria is [according to Father Daniël Maes] the greatest media lie of our time

Source

The Flemish Father Daniël Maes (78) lives in Syria in the sixth-century-old Mar Yakub monastery in the city of Qara, 90 kilometers north of the capital Damascus. Father Daniel has been a witness to the “civil war” and according to him, Western reports on the conflict in Syria are very misleading. In short: “the Americans and their allies want to completely ruin the country”. 


Interviewer: You are very critical of the media coverage on Syria. What is bothering you?

Father Daniel: “The idea that a popular uprising took place against President Assad is completely false. I’ve been in Qara since 2010 and I have seen with my own eyes how agitators from outside Syria organized protests against the government and recruited young people. That was filmed and aired by Al Jazeera to give the impression that a rebellion was taking place. Murders were committed by foreign terrorists, against the Sunni and Christian communities, in an effort to sow religious and ethnic discord among the Syrian people. While in my experience, the Syrian people were actually very united”.


Comment: Notice that Al Jazeera did the exact same thing in Libya:

Behind the Headlines: NATO Slaughter – James and Joanne Moriarty expose the truth about what happened in Libya

If you were a journalist in Libya during this time you were relatively safe; not because these animals respected journalists as neutral observers, but because the journalists were on their side. The Moriartys have evidence of embedded journalists, not least from Qatar-owned Al Jazeera, whose staff were among the terrorists from day one, personally calling in airstrikes and working side-by-side with the terrorists.


Father Daniel: Before the war, this was a harmonious country: a secular state in which different religious communities lived side by side peacefully. There was hardly any poverty, education was free, and health care was goodIt was only not possible to freely express your political views. But most people did not care about that.”

Interviewer: Sister Agnès-Mariam, the Lebanese-French prioress of your Mar Yakub (“Saint Jacob”) monastery, is accused of siding with the regime. She has friends at the highest level. 

Father Daniel: “Sister Agnès-Mariam helps the population: she has recently opened a soup kitchen in Aleppo, where 25,000 meals are prepared five times a week. Look, it is miraculous that we are still alive. We owe that to the army of Assad’s government and to Vladimir Putin, because he decided to intervene when the rebels threatened to take power.


Comment: See also: John Kerry admits that Russia entered Syrian war to stop ISIS, U.S. used ISIS to pressure Assad


Father Daniel: When thousands of terrorists settled in Qara, we became afraid for our lives. They came from the Gulf States, Saudi Arabia, Europe, Turkey, Libya, there were many Chechens. They formed a foreign occupation force, all allied to al-Qaeda and other terrorists. Armed to the teeth by the West and their allies with the intention to act against us, they literally said: “This country belongs to us now.” Often, they were drugged, they fought each other, in the evening they fired randomly. We had to hide in the crypts of the monastery for a long time. When the Syrian army chased them away, everybody was happy: the Syrian citizens because they hate the foreign rebels, and we because peace had returned.”

Interviewer: You say that the Syrian Army protects civilians, yet there are all sorts of reports about war crimes committed by Assad’s forces, such as the bombardments with barrel bombs.

Father Daniel: “Do you not know that the media coverage on Syria is the biggest media lie of our time? They have sold pure nonsense about Assad: It was actually the rebels who plundered and killedDo you think that the Syrian people are stupid? Do you think those people were forced to cheer for Assad and Putin? It is the Americans who have a hand in all of this, for pipelines and natural resources in this region and to thwart Putin.”

Saudi Arabia and Qatar want to establish a Sunni state in Syria, without religious freedom. Therefore, Assad must go. You know, when the Syrian army was preparing for the battle in Aleppo, Muslim soldiers came to me to be blessed. Between ordinary Muslims and Christians, there is no problem. It is those radical Islamic, Western-backed rebels who want to massacre us. They are all al Qaeda and IS. There are not any moderate fighters anymore.

Interviewer: You once mentioned Hillary Clinton to be a ‘devil in holy water’, because as foreign minister, she deliberately worsened the conflict.

Father Daniel: “I am happy with Trump. He sees what every normal person understands: That the United States should stop undermining countries which possess natural resources. The Americans’ attempt to impose a unipolar world is the biggest problem. Trump understands that radical Islam is a bigger threat than Russia.

What do I care whether he occasionally takes off his pants? If Trump practices geopolitics the way he has promised to do so, then the future looks bright. Then it will become similar to Putin’s approach. And hopefully then, there will be a solution for Syria, and peace will return.

Interviewer: You understand that your analysis is controversial and will encounter much criticism?

Father Daniel: “I speak from personal observation. And no one has to believe me, right? But I know one thing: The media can either contribute to the massacre of the Syrian people or help the Syrian people, with their media coverage. Unfortunately, there are too many followers and cowards among journalists”.


RELATED:

Father Daniël Maes (78):
“Western media spreading lies on Syria and Western governments are in alliance with radical Islamists who completely ruining the country”


http://wikimapia.org/#lang=en&lat=35.003003&lon=38.430176&z=7&m=bs

click on map to enlarge ~ here for the original link


SOURCES:
Sott.net for the English translation
Original version here 
Submitted by Flyingcuttlefish and SyrianPatriots
War Press Info Network at:
https://syrianfreepress.wordpress.com/2017/07/24/putin-assad-saved-life/
~
Re-publications are welcome, but we kindly ask you,
to facilitate the correct information's diffusion,
to cite all these original links and sources.

Iraq and the dialogue of after the victory العراق وحوار ما بعد الانتصار

Written by Nasser Kandil,

In a pre-emptive smart initiative, the institute of the Iraqi Dialogue headed by the Sheikh Humam Hamoudi, the member in the body of the Head of Representatives in cooperation with the University of Baghdad, the Iraqi Parliament and, and with a remarkable participation from each of the President of the Republic, the Speaker of the Parliament, the Prime Minister, and the heads and the representatives of the main political components has called for a conference under the title of Iraq and the Dialogue after the victory, and in conjunction with a permanent search in the corridors of the Iraqi politics about the settlement’s  items that affect issues that were a matter of suspicion and fear to debate among the Iraqis for a decade ago. Iraq is a Levantine Arab citadel through its population, area, wealth, minds, and status according to active present history and geography.

Iraq will enter the year 2018, after it has freed from three successive burdens, a regime among it the Iraqis have divided till it fell, knowing that some of them felt of cold after it had fallen, and some of them on the early days of the US occupation felt of some kind of warmth comparing with the frost of the former regime. Despite the fact that the continuation of the division around the occupation did not last, but it led to a division around the new regime that is no less than the former regime, even if the opportunities of expression and the frameworks of change were more and available. But after Iraq and the Iraqis have been liberated relatively from the burden of the occupation, they got a heavier burden that re-imposes some of the occupation and some of the former regime along with some of the divisions around them, in addition to the burden of ISIS. But most importantly is that the majority of the Iraqis have agreed to wage the war of confrontation, salvation, and the search for a dialogue that renews the social coherence among the Iraqis on the basis that the first power of Iraq comes from the degree of the cohesion of its interior not the degree of the cohesion of some of its interior with some of its exterior against some of the other part of its interior with some of the other part of its exterior.

This time, the Iraqi Dialogue is a test of the experience before it is a national test that does not lack any of the Iraqis even if they were different in employing its keys and in determining its taboos, only the experience prevents them from turning the different judgments into new division. The experience here is the ability to get the message; first a unified Iraq where the dispute is ravaging in it is better for the components of Iraq than a secession that leads to the rule of the one vote in more than Iraq. Second, the concessions which allay the concerns and extinguish the fears of the partners are the reaping of tomorrow, while scoring the points of the winning on the partner is a revenge for the past. Third, who is the strongest is the one who is demanded to give but he gives up, the one who abandons a force leads, and the one who sticks to the force rules. The competitive Iraqis on tomorrow and their roles in it have to choose between either to run as candidates to lead Iraq or to rule it, remembering always that whenever one has the opportunity to rule, it will not be as it was at the era of the former regime and the occupation.

Iraq approaches from its victory while the world and region change, but the most change that occurs is that the important players are no longer as they were, and that the thoughts which prevailed and dominated during a quarter of a century ago since the fall of Berlin Wall and the rule of the philosophy of the end of the history, and the savage uni-globalization, which the occupation of Iraq was one of its vocabularies are retreating paving the way for everything national. Now America as a symbol of the era which has passed is preparing for the coming era through its nationalism no matter how crude and exaggerated to the extent of racism it is, and in the time of sticking to the special identities and nationalism it has the sovereignty and the legitimacy as two vocabularies that approached from the level of passing and falling in the past quarter – century. By the force of the legitimacy and the sovereignty the Iraqis will discover the points of strength that they did not consider before. As the geography and the history show present elements in the present-industry by drawing the results of the wars and the options of peace, and away from the partisanships, emotions, the warmth of emotions of the biases which were inherited in the time of division, and with the replacement of all of that with the reflection in the history and geography the Iraqis will be able to draw the road map of their future.

The most important conclusion is that the unified Iraq is a power for the Iraqis, at their forefronts those who imagine that the secession is the way of independence, but the weak independence is a dependency, and in order to turn the unity into power there must be a recognition of the joy of the privacies not a call for their abolition. Iraq and Syria are Levantine Arab and Islamic base for making politics, culture, and the economy for their region, through their separation the Levant falls and the Arabs and the Muslims enter the time of rivalry and non-politics. Together they form their roles as a bridge for a dialogue between all the components of the Arab and the Muslim neighborhood and the bases of alliances for its force as well as a rehabilitation of the concept of the national security which the Kurdish Saladin Al Ayoubi has formulated for the Arabs and the Muslims and which its compass is Jerusalem.

Translated by Lina Shehadeh,

العراق وحوار ما بعد الانتصار

ناصر قنديل
– في خطوة استباقية ذكية يدعو معهد الحوار العراقي الذي يرأسه سماحة الشيخ همام حمودي عضو هيئة رئاسة مجلس النواب بالتعاون مع جامعة بغداد ومجلس النواب العراقي، وبمشاركة لافتة لكل من رئيس الجمهورية ورئيس المجلس النيابي ورئيس الحكومة ورؤساء وممثلي المكوّنات السياسية الرئيسية، لعقد مؤتمر تحت عنوان «العراق وحوار ما بعد الانتصار»، بالتزامن مع بحث مستديم في أروقة السياسة العراقية حول بنود تسوية تطال قضايا كان يُنظر إليها بالريبة والخشية من المفاتحة والنقاش بين العراقيين لعقد مضى. والعراق قلعة عربية مشرقية بحجم سكانها ومساحتها وثرواتها وعقولها ومكانتها في كل من نابضَيْ البشرية اللذين لا يتوقفان عن الفعل والحضور، التاريخ والجغرافيا.

– يدخل العراق العام 2018 وقد تخفّف من ثلاثة أعباء متلاحقة، نظام حكم انقسم حوله العراقيون حتى الثمالة، فضاق ثوبه عليهم حتى تشقق وسقط، لكن بعضهم شعر بالوجود في العراء بعده، وبعضهم شعر في الأيام الأولى للاحتلال الأميركي ببعض الدفء بالقياس لصقيع النظام السابق، ورغم عدم دوام الانقسام حول الاحتلال، فقد أورث الاحتلال انقساماً حول النظام الجديد، لا يقل عن الانقسام في ظل النظام السابق، ولو كانت فرص التعبير أوفر وأطر التغيير أكثر، ومع تخفّف العراق والعراقيين نسبياً من عبء الاحتلال، فاجأهم عبء أثقل أعاد بعض الاحتلال وبعض النظام السابق وبعض الانقسامات حولهما، مع عبء داعش، لكنّ الأهم أن النسبة الأغلب من العراقيين بصورة عابرة للعرب والأكراد والطوائف تماسكت في خوض حرب المواجهة والخلاص والبحث عن حوار يجدّد العقد الاجتماعي بين العراقيين على قاعدة اليقين بأن قوة العراق الأولى تأتي من درجة تماسُك داخله لا بدرجة تمسُّك بعض داخله ببعض خارجه بوجه بعض آخر من الداخل متمسّك ببعض آخر من الخارج.

– الحوار العراقي هذه المرة امتحان خبرة قبل أن يكون امتحان وطنية لا تنقص أحداً من العراقيين، ولو تفاوتوا في الاجتهاد في توصيف مفاتيحها واختلفوا في تحديد محرّماتها. والخبرة وحدها هي التي تعصمهم عن تحويل الاجتهادات المختلفة إلى انقسام جديد، يحملون سلاسله الثقيلة تجرجرها أقدامهم ببطء يحول دون انطلاق مسيرتهم. والخبرة هنا هي في القدرة على استخلاص العبرة، وأولها أن عراقاً موحداً يعصف فيه الخلاف أفضل لكل مكونات العراق من انفصال يؤسس لحكم الصوت الواحد في أكثر من عراق. وثانيها أن التنازلات التي تهدئ الهواجس وتطفئ المخاوف لدى الشركاء هي استثمار في الغد، بينما تسجيل نقاط الربح على الشريك هو انتقام للماضي. وثالثها أن الأقوى هو المطالَب بأن يعطيَ ويتنازل، ومَن يتنازل عن قوة يقود، ومن يتمسك بالقوة يحكم، وأمام العراقيين المتنافسين على الغد وأدوارهم فيه أن يختاروا بين أن يترشّحوا لقيادة العراق أم لحكمه، متذكّرين دائماً أنه مهما تيسرت لأحدهم فرصة الحكم، فلن تتيسّر، كما كانت للنظام السابق وللاحتلال، وما دامت.

– يدخل العراق زمن نصره، والعالم والمنطقة يتغيّران، وأهمّ ما يتغيّر هو أنّ اللاعبين الكبار، لم يعودوا كما كانوا، وأن الأفكار التي توسّع انتشارها وطغت خلال ربع قرن مضى منذ سقوط جدار برلين وسيادة فلسفة نهاية التاريخ والعولمة الأحادية المتوحشة، التي كان احتلال العراق أحد مفرداتها، تتراجع مخلية المكان لعودة كل ما هو وطني. وهذه هي أميركا كدولة رمز للحقبة التي مضت تستعدّ للحقبة المقبلة بوطنيتها مهما بدت فجة ومبالغاً بها حدّ العنصرية. وفي زمن التمسك بالهويات الخاصة والوطنيات تمتلك السيادة والشرعية، كمفردتين قاربتا حد الزوال والسقوط في ربع القرن الماضي، بريقاً وجاذبية وفاعلية لم تمتلك مثلها في عصرها الذهبي، وبقوة الشرعية والسيادة سيكتشف العراقيون كثيراً نقاط قوة لم يقيموا لها حساباً مشابهاً من قبل، بمثل ما تظهر الجغرافيا والتاريخ عناصر حاضرة في صناعة الحاضر ورسم نتائج الحروب وخيارات السلم. وبالتجرد عن العصبيات والعواطف وحرارة انفعالات الانحيازات التي تمليها اصطفافات موروثة من زمن الانقسامات، واستبدال كل ذلك بالتمعن البارد في التاريخ والجغرافيا سيتمكن العراقيون من رسم خارطة طريقهم للمستقبل.

– أهمّ الخلاصات أنّ العراق الموحد قوة للعراقيين وأولهم مَن يتخيّلون الانفصال طريق استقلال. والاستقلال الضعيف تبعية. وأن الوحدة كي تصير قوة فهي جمع لا قهر ولا طرح ولا قسمة ولا ضرب بين مختلفين، بل اعتراف بفرح الخصوصيات لا دعوة لإلغائها. وأن العراق وسوريا قاعدة صناعة السياسة والحضارة والاقتصاد لمنطقتهم، مشرقية وعربية وإسلامية، بتفرقهما يسقط المشرق ويدخل العرب والمسملون زمن التناحر واللاسياسة، يصيغان معاً دورهما جسر حوار بين سائر مكونات الجوار العربي والإسلامي، وقواعد التحالفات لقواه، ورد الاعتبار لمفهوم للأمن القومي صاغه الكردي صلاح الدين الأيوبي للعرب والمسلمين بوصلته القدس.

(Visited 1٬023 times, 1 visits today)

Last Moments of the Three Bahraini Martyrs with the “Turbaned Man”

January 17, 2017

Three young martyrs executed by the Bahraini authorities

Bahraini people will never forget what happened Saturday morning and the afterward events. The morning that witnessed Bahrain king’s approval to execute three innocent young men over a story fabricated by his Royal Court. The next dawn, Bahraini authorities executed the defendants with the support of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and others.

Why has the execution sentence been issued? How the fabricated charges against Abbas Al-Samea, Ali Al-Singace and Sami Mushaima brought them to the guillotine of execution.

On March 3, 2014, Bahraini authorities announced that three soldiers were killed along with an Emirati officer in a bomb blast it said went off in Diyya town north of the country.

Bahrainis still question the story. At that time, people of Diyya not only didn’t hear any sound that resembles the sound of explosion, but also said that the four military personnel in subject were killed by a bomb blast that was in the possession of the UAE officer who was involved in the suppression of Bahrainis inside their safe villages.

Hours later, Bahraini interior ministry arrested “a number of the perpetrators of the bombing.” Prior to any investigation, their photographs were displayed on the state television, which claimed their responsibility for the incident!

Inside the prison, torture was a daily meal for three detainees. They had to be forced to confess and save face for Bahrain with the UAE. Bahraini authority wanted to close the case by a “punishment” that satisfies Emirati people without asking: What was our officer doing in Bahrain? What was the Emirati military doing against the unarmed people of Bahrain?

In a leaked recording from inside the prison, martyr Abbas Al-Samea said: “After the bombing of Diyya, it was necessary for the government to satisfy its followers and the UAE after the killing of al-Shehhi (the Emirati officer Tariq al-Shehhi), there should be a scapegoat that was my brothers, people of my village and I. This is what we were told in the torture chambers.”

Samea was arrested along with his four brothers, Sami Mushaima was arrested with his two brothers, in addition to Ali Al-Singace and a tenth detainee.

Statement by Rawabi school proving that Abbas Al-Samea was at work the time of Diyya explosion
Statement by Rawabi school proving that Abbas Al-Samea was at work the time of Diyya explosion

Upon holding the trial, defense lawyers presented a document issued by the school where Samea works as a sports teacher, proving that he was at school the time of the bombing. However, the court ignored the document, stripped Samea of his citizenship and sentenced him to death.

Regarding the case of Mushaima, the court rejected the testimonies given by some twenty witnesses who reported that he was at home at the time of the bombing. The court did not approve the statements, but stripped him of his citizenship and sentenced him to death.

As for Singace, his mother confirmed that he had not been investigated on the killing of the UAE officer. Her son hadn’t been asked about the blast immediately after his arrest on April 2, 2015 in the town of Diraz, but was forced to sign papers stating that “he acknowledges his responsibility for the Diyya bombing.” On that day he was sentenced to death.

Last Friday, Bahraini judiciary approved the execution sentence, soon the King signed it, and the sentence was carried out Sunday dawn on January 15. Four bullets pierced the heart of each of Samea, Mushaima and Singace.

Later on, activists circulated photos of the three young men laid down over the bather. Mushaima’s photo took everyone who saw it back to his words at the Pearl Square in 2011, when he was asked by the Bahraini activist Abdulhadi al-Khawaja about a previous arrest: After the torture you suffered, would you continue or not?

Smiling and full of confidence Mushaima replied: I will continue to death!

Mushaima’s mother recalled her visit to him in prison after the last detention, his face was puffy and toothless, and effects of burns were clear on his hands… This is how Mushaima was forced to sign fabricated confessions.

Singace’s name, who refused to collaborate with the regime, appeared for the first time on media in 2012 when he was 15 years old. At the time he was found lying in a garage of his town of Sanabis, stripped of his clothes. Later, After refusing the regime’s offer, he was threatened, a charge was fabricated against him and was sentenced to 5 years in jail. He spent his days fugitive and wanted, before his body knew stability in the Mahooz cemetery after he was executed.

At midnight on Saturday, regime authorities summoned a turbaned man dispatched by Bahrain’s Interior Ministry to the prison. However, he did not meet the three young men before 03:00 a.m.

The turbaned man talked to the three youths, he was quoted as saying that he found them ready for the execution, he asked them to express their last demands. Singace and Samea asked to pray and to write their wills. He brought to them papers and pen.

“Martyr teacher Abbas [Samea],” as his mother would like to call him, asked to call his parents to say goodbye for the last time, but was rebuffed.

Mushaima couldn’t be able to write his will. the 40-year old man does not know how to write, he recited the will verbally before the turbaned “Sheikh”, hoping it will reach his parents and siblings.

So far, families of the martyrs have not received the wills and belongings of their children. No one will be able to know what Samea and Singace wrote and what Mushaima said before condolences ceremonies end. Until today, they only narrate the commandments they had heard from their children: “If people want to win, they will have to stand before the oppressor and sacrifice what they have” Not a right is obtained without sacrifices, Not a nation is build without sacrifices.

Source: Al-Manar Website

Related Videos

Related Articles

NIGERIAN CHRISTIANS STAND WITH SHEIKH ZAKZAKY 8 MONTHS INTO HIS UNJUST IMPRISONMENT

zakzaky christians 2

by Jonathan Azaziah

Eight months. Eight long, grueling, harsh, despicable, PROFOUNDLY unjust months have passed since Sheikh Ibrahim Yaqoub al-Zakzaky was locked up on false charges and his partisans were massacred in Zaria by the increasingly disgusting, tyrannical and collaborationist regime of US-‘Israeli’-Saudi servant Muhammadu Buhari. This murderous despot, who claims to be a representative of African “democracy”, has tried his best to paint the Sheikh as a “Shi’a terrorist” who threatens “state security” in an attempt to brainwash the Nigerian everyman into thinking that there isn’t a criminal Zionist-Imperialist scheme at play here. Buhari’s ploys, cooked up in Riyadh, Herzliya and Langley, may have worked on large chunks of Nigerian “Muslim” society–i.e. that “Islamic” sector bought and paid for by Saudi petrodollars–as well as “The Ummah” at large which remains disturbingly and horrifically indifferent to the plight of Zakzaky–also due to Al-Saud’s filthy money–but it has not had any affect on Nigeria’s Igbo Christians, who stand with the Sheikh in full, beautiful, inspiring, cross-communal solidarity.

Sheikh Ibrahim Yaqoub al-Zakzaky has spent his life striving tirelessly to bridge ethnic, religious and sectarian gaps in Nigerian society opened up by the Rothschild-financed British colonialists and he prides himself on having many close Christian comrades. Clearly, those efforts have paid dividends as Christians are now coming to his defense in defiant droves and have in fact been calling for justice on behalf of the Zaria Martyrs since the unspeakable crime was committed by Buhari’s Zionist-backed army last December. These gorgeous, resistant followers of ‘Isa al-Masih (A.S.) are sending a strong message to the Buhari regime and its backers: We shan’t be fooled by hasbara! We shan’t be tricked by the lies of a Zio-Empire-owned dictator! And we shan’t be divided!

As World Zionism works day and night with its “clash of civilizations”, its war on Jesus Christ (A.S.) via Hollywood and its simultaneous dissemination of Islamophobia and Wahhabi-Takfirism to sow discord between Muslims and Christians, one can’t help but cheer and smile incandescently upon seeing Nigerian Christians stand up for the Sheikh and the oppressed Islamic Movement of Nigeria. May their efforts not only reverberate throughout the Nigerian state but the entire globe, so all free people and all Moustazafeen, Muslim and Christian alike, stand up as one and demand the immediate release of the saintly, revolutionary Ibrahim Yaqoub al-Zakzaky and retribution for the innocent lives taken at Zaria’s Huseiniyyah Baqiyatullah. Looks like one more struggle can now be added to the growing “We Are One Hand” list! #FreeZakzaky #LongLiveZakzaky #MuslimChristianUnity #DeathToTheBuhariRegime #WeAreOneHand

zakzaky christians 1

zakzaky christians 3

%d bloggers like this: