“The Lost Lesson from the Arab-Israeli Struggle” by Dr. Rizk Elias…


Tuesday, 05 November 2019

==The October Liberation War confirmed the validity of the theory that the late President Hafez al-Assad adopted in preparing for the war…

==President Bashar al-Assad has placed the issue of the liberation of Golan at the forefront of the national priorities.

A 525 page long and eight chapter book titled “The Lost Lesson from the Arab-Israeli Struggle, written by Dr. Rizk Elias” has been recently published by the Syrian Ministry of Culture – the Syrian General Book Organization.

Through his field participation in the Arab-Israeli wars and his history as an army officer, the author tries to summarize the events of this struggle during the last century, using the wars that took place from 1948 to 1982 to explain lessons of both sides in each of these wars, as well as the reasons for the failure of the peace process which began in Madrid in 1991, stressing that the lesson of a just and comprehensive peace is still missing. For those reasons, Dr. Rizk Elias’ book could be considered as an important source to politicians and military men who are interested in the Arab-Israeli struggle from its inception to date. The writer dedicated his book to all those who have worked and still work to achieve a just and comprehensive peace and to find an end to the Arab-Israeli struggle, which has passed over a century.


Introducing his book which includes all about the Arab-Israeli wars and the negotiations between Syria and Israel, Dr. Rizk Elias said that he tries to show the influence of geography and politics in the decisions of wars and peace, the impact of the process of building power and the theory of its use, as well as the military balance between the two sides and the attempts of both  parties to evaluate the results of each round of  the conflict and to learn lessons from it in order to prepare for a coming war or to resort to a peaceful settlement. Therefore, “I resorted in the first chapter of the book to describe the  geographical and topographical characterizations of the theater of the war, while in the subsequent chapters, I tried to deal with  the successive wars which took place from 1948 to  1982” Dr. Elias added. In the last chapter, I talked about the peace process between Syria and Israel, which began at the Madrid conference in 1991 and the reasons for its failure, only to help the reader to form a comprehensive idea about the Arab-Israeli struggle which has not been ended yet, neither in war or peace. “My previous position as a staff officer in the General Command of the Syrian Army and Armed Forces, and then an adviser to the Minister of Defense as well as my participations in the Arab – Israeli wars from the 1967 war and my experience as a teacher of these subjects at the Higher Military Academy in Damascus, and my contribution as a member of the peace process between Syria and Syria have all helped me in the delicate job to write this book” he said.

Dr. Elias confirmed that the Zionist ideology which was based on immigration and settlement has begun to decline after the October war, the 1973 Lebanon war, the Palestinian uprising in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, and the liberation of the Lebanese resistance to south Lebanon in 2000 and the Second Lebanon War in 2006. Israel was forced to dismantle its settlements in the Sinai and the Gaza Strip. It also was forced to withdraw its forces from Lebanon after its arrival to the outskirts of Beirut as well as that Its scheme to establish a Palestinian state in Jordan has finally fell. The Israelis have resorted during the past few years to the idea of strategic defense and to build fortified walls in Gaza, the West Bank, the Lebanese borders and the occupied Golan Heights.

According to the writer, «Israel» now believes that arming the forces of the resistance axis consisting of Syria, Iran, Hezbollah and Palestinian organizations poses an existential danger to its existence, because such an armament can cause precise injuries in all vital targets in the depth of Israel as it has the powers and the means that enable them to break in through the barriers and walls built by Israel along the borders.

Chapters of the book:

The first chapter deals with some of the geographical characteristics of the theater of war in Palestine and the occupied Syrian Golan Heights including the boundaries of the Mandate and the armistice lines, and the topographical landmarks in Palestine and the Syrian Golan Heights.

The second chapter talks about the Arab-Israeli war in 1948, while the third talks about the tripartite aggression «British, French and Israeli» on Egypt in 1956.  In the fourth chapter, the writer explained all about the Israeli aggression against Egypt, Jordan and Syria in 1967. In the fifth chapter, the writer discussed the process that occurred in Syria to rebuild the Syrian armed forces before the liberation 1973 war and the first war of attrition (1968-1973).

In the sixth chapter, the writer talks about the October liberation war on the Syrian and Egyptian fronts, and the second war of attrition on the Syrian front (1973-1974), while Chapter seven deals with Syria’s approach to build a strategic balance with Israel and to confront the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982. The last chapter of the book deals with the peace process between Syria and Israel and the reasons for its failure.

The mission of liberation:

In the fifth chapter, the author talks about the features of the theory of the late President Hafez al-Assad to liberate the occupied Golan Heights and the rest of other occupied Arab territories.Image result for hafez assad

“Anyone who reads the speech of president Hafez al-Assad at the tenth extraordinary National Congress of the Arab Socialist Baath Party, which was held in early November 1970, touches the concern he had had to liberate the territories occupied by Israel in its aggression in 1967; a concern that remained his concern for a long time.” The writer said. People who were close to him knew that on the anniversary of the occupation of the Golan, which occurs on the tenth of June of each year, president Assad devoted all his day to evaluate what Syria had achieved on the road to liberate the Golan.

Also in his speech at the conference which was held several days before the establishment of the Corrective Movement in 1970, president Hafez al-Assad laid out his vision on how to liberate the Golan and the occupied Arab territories. He had worked according to this vision for thirty years until his death, that vision which is still valid to rationalize our steps in the struggle to liberate our territoriy.

The writer reviewed the clear and integrated vision of the late president Hafez al-Assad, explaining how it was interrelated in the domestic, Arab and international politics and also in the field of the battle for the accomplishment of the liberation mission.

The October War of Liberation

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After examining the details of the October liberation war, Dr. Rizk Elias listed in the sixth chapter the most important positive results of this war in 1973, including the moral victory not only of the fighters who participated in it, but also of the Arab Man who suffered frustration as a result of the June 1967 defeat. To liberate part of the occupied territories, this war showed the importance of Arab solidarity and its effectiveness and forced the enemy to treat the Palestinian issue as an issue of people rather than refugees. The October war also caused a major jolt in the psycho-political structure of the Israeli society, and strengthened the position of Arabs in the field of the international political action.

This war has also confirmed through practical experience the validity of the theory on which President Hafez al-Assad had based to prepare for the war and to conduct it.  It proved that Arab soldiers had appeared during the battle in their true image; brave and able to use modern war machines, love their nation and sacrifice for it, showing moral energy in the war. There was scientific evidence of unity of the Arab nation in the will, feelings, desires, hopes and goals, and its enormous military, human and economic energy capable of achieving victory if used correctly. There was great importance of incorporating the political and military battles. Late President Hafez al-Assad stressed that fact by saying: « we cannot, in any way, separate our political battle from our military battle, because the first came as a result of the second, and is associated with it. “We have achieved with our steadfastness in the military battle glorious results which shattered all the myths woven by the enemy around him” he concluded. “We are also able with steadfastness, self-confidence and strong cohesion at the home front, along with our solid cohesion with the Arab nation, to achieve success in the political battle either to achieve the goals for which we fought, or by saying a big “NO” if we were faced by manipulation or evasive or evasion of the implementation of the Security Council resolution as we understand. »

The Peace Process:

Image result for hafez assad

Dr. Rizk Elias revealed in Chapter eight which talks about the “peace process and the reasons for its failure”, the statement of late President Hafez al-Assad on 9 September 1992 in a meeting with a delegation of citizens of the Golan who came to visit Damascus: «In the past we have said that we want peace, and today we are saying that we want a comprehensive peace that preserves our dignity and is accepted by our people, and does not require any retreat from our national rights, and will in no way harm the dignity and pride of our nation. If others agree, this kind of peace can then be achieved.”

On August 1, 1993, on the occasion of the Syrian Arab Army Day, the late President al-Assad gave a clear indication of how serious Syria is in its attempts to achieve peace: “We are in the battle of peace and we are fighting it as seriously as we are in the military wars.

The book also reviewed President Bashar al-Assad’s position on the peace process. The president placed the question of the occupied land in the Golan Heights at the forefront of the national priorities. “Our main concern is to liberate our occupied land. “Land and sovereignty are an issue of dignity” he said. We have been clear in our positions since the beginning of the peace process in Madrid in 1991, contrary to the Israeli policy, which was characterized by fluctuation at times, and putting obstacles”, president Bashar al-Assad said in his Constitutional oath speech in front of the People’s Assembly (the parliament) on July, 17, 2000.

In the same speech, President al-Assad stressed that we must work as quickly as possible to liberate the Golan without compromising the land. “We are in a hurry for peace because it is our choice, and the Syrian Arab people a peace-loving people throughout history, but we are not ready, by any means, to abandon any part of our land, or to let our sovereignty to be touched » he said.

President al-Assad called on the United States of America to play a neutral, impartial and effective role to implement the resolutions of international legitimacy. In a later speech, President Bashar al-Assad called on Russia and the European Union to play a more active role.

In another speech, President al-Assad referred to the peace-loving nature of the Syrian people by saying: Peace is an ideology for the Syrian people and not just a political act. If you go back to the history of Syria for hundreds and thousands of years, you will find that it has no history of aggression. The real struggle between us and the Israelis is between those who start wars and those who prevent it ».

President al-Assad also explained the contrast between the terms “Syria’s conditions” and “Syria’s rights” by saying: “There is no such a thing as” Syria’s conditions” but there is something called” “Syria’s rights”. “There are international conditions that correspond to the Syrian and Arab rights in general. Israel stands in the face of restoration of the Syrian rights and, at the same time, in the face of the international conditions ».

Referring to Syria’s strategy of steadfastness and liberation and its ability to confront the Israeli aggression, President al-Assad said: «Syria does not seek to ignite the war, but if imposed a war on Syria, will defend itself, and is able to do so. It may be able for anyone to control the beginning of the war, but he will never be able to control its end or its results. The Arab side, and we are at the forefront of it, who possess the decision to end the war; how, where and what how it ends ».

The decisions of the tenth regional conference of the Arab Socialist Baath Party which was held between June 6 and 9, 2005, underlined the peaceful approach taken by the President in his official statements and positions. The first recommendation taken by that conference stressed the need of liberating the occupied Syrian Golan to the line of the fourth of June 1967».

Also, The Charter of the National Progressive Front issued on 12 October 2004 affirmed the commitment of the Front to a peaceful approach in its international policy according to the principles of the international legitimacy and the UN decisions relating to the Arab – Israeli struggle on the basis of justice, rights, international law and finding peaceful resolutions to conflicts.»


Adapted by Haifaa Mafalani

Gulf Concessions to «Israel» Have Yielded Nothing in Return

Gulf Concessions to «Israel» Have Yielded Nothing in Return

By Kamel Hawwash, TRT

The utopia of the Middle East free from conflict is not within reach at the moment. Conflict is likely to characterize the region for years if not decades to come. The people of the region are the victims, especially the youth, who in many countries were born into conflict, and it is the only life they’ve known.

“Israel” is at the heart of several conflicts. It remains in occupation of Palestinian, Syrian and Lebanese land. In recent months, it has attacked targets in Syria, Lebanon and even Iraq. The justification this time was that it was countering Iran’s presence.

In previous decades, it attacked targets in Tunisia and Sudan. “Israel’s” planes attacked both Iraqi and Syrian nuclear facilities and its operatives killed nuclear scientists in Syria, Iran and Iraq.

It is also worth remembering that its operatives killed a Palestinian, Mahmoud Al Mabhouh, in a hotel in Dubai in 2010. In 2016, “Israel” was thought to have killed Mohammed Al Zawari, a Tunisian drone expert, who it claimed worked with Hamas’ al-Qassam brigade. In 2018, Palestinian academic Fadi Al Batsh was killed in Malaysia and “Israel” was again the prime suspect.

Its repeated attacks on the beleaguered Gaza strip have left thousands dead, tens of thousands wounded and scores of homes destroyed. It has annexed illegally occupied East Jerusalem [al-Quds] and the Syrian Golan Heights.

“Israel” has not only denied Palestinian refugees the right to return in accordance with international law, but it has also been working to remove their status as refugees and to close down UNRWA.

“Israel” claims the UNRWA, which provides jobs and relief to the Palestinian refugees, perpetuates the conflict with the Palestinians. However, this is a conflict that started when it was created through violence, resulting in the expulsion of 750,000 Palestinians to neighboring Arab states, in which they continue to languish in desperate conditions.

“Israel” also continues to settle its population illegally on occupied land in Palestine and the Golan Heights.

“Israel” is likely the most destabilizing and aggressive state in the region, which the international community needs to reign in, rather than treat it with kid-gloves. None of its aggressive actions has led to any accountability, either by individual states or the international community.

Now, the most aggressive state in the Middle East is developing a “non-aggression pact” with some Gulf States.

The claim comes from “Israel’s” so-called Foreign Minister, Israel Katz, who further claimed that he met with several foreign ministers from Arab Gulf states on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly last month, as reported by Channel 12 news recently.

The TV channel claimed that Katz presented his Gulf counterparts with a draft text of the intended pact, which was drawn up by the so-called “Israeli” Foreign Ministry.

It reportedly highlights the opportunity to advance common interests in the context of the threat posed by Iran and is drafted in accordance with the principles of international law. Yes, you read that correctly. The Middle Eastern country responsible for serial breaches of international law when it comes to conflicts with its neighbors, especially the Palestinians, suddenly sees international law as a reference point for this ‘pact’.

“Israel” currently sees an opportunity to make gains it could only have only dreamt about just a few years ago. The Trump Administration has handed it not only significant wins that it can offer but pushed the narrative to “Israel’s” neighboring states that the greatest threat they pose is not from “Israel”, but Iran.

This has all been allowed by the United States’ unilateral decisions recognizing Jerusalem [al-Quds] as “Israel’s” so-called capital and recognizing “‘Israeli’ sovereignty” over the Golan Heights. The US Special Envoy for negotiations, Jason Greenblatt presented the “Israeli” prime minister with a map showing the Golan Heights as part of “Israel”. While these recognitions were only made by the US and the rest of the world has rejected it, Netanyahu is happy to bank these for now and to push for others to follow the American lead.

Next on the list is likely to be the annexation of vast swathes of the West Bank, which one can be relatively confident in thinking would then be endorsed by US President Donald Trump. This would be an act of political aggression that will deal a fatal blow to any possibility of “peace” between the “Israelis” and the Palestinians.

In the past few years, some Gulf States have warmed relations with “Israel”, allowing sporting teams to compete on Arab soil and “Israeli” ministers, including the prime minister himself to visit these countries.

However, what has “Israel” offered in return to convince these states that further normalization and a “non-aggression pact” would help bring stability and peace nearer? The answer is a resounding nothing.

In other words, “Israel” takes and never gives. It wants to see the “Israeli” flag fly over Gulf capitals but will not recognize the Palestinian people’s rights.

Before racing to sign a “non-aggression pact” with “Israel”, Gulf States should insist it first ends its status as the most aggressive state in the region. Until then, they should pour cold water on their normalization efforts. The time for normalization and pacts is not now.

A peaceful Middle East is more out of reach now than it’s ever been in recent history.

Axis of Resistance Frustrated Three Phases of the Project for a ‘New Middle East’

Trump Kushner

Al-Manar Website Editor

August 13, 2019

The first phase of the so-called New Middle East was just after ‘the Summit of Peacemakers’ in 1996, when former Israeli premier Shimon Peres applied his New Middle East vision by declaring the “Operation Grapes of Wrath” on Lebanon for 16 days in April 1996.

During the 2006 Lebanon war, former US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice announced the beginning of the New Middle East. After almost one decade of political attempts to resolve the Arab- Israeli conflict, the US decided to use a brute force to eliminate what it saw an impediment to the ‘peaceful’ resolution of the conflict by pushing ‘Israel’ to attack Lebanon, destroying its infrastructures.

The first phase of the above mentioned project has fallen after the US-Israeli failure to impose their conditions for the 2006 ceasefire agreement on Lebanon. It was Lebanon which emerged victorious after a 33-day war, as declared by Hezbollah Secretary General Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah. It was the resistance of Hezbollah that turned the table on the New Middle East project, said the Winograd Commission report, after the investigation of the causes of failure in the 2006 war.

In 2011, the second phase of the scheme has started, Syria was the battlefield. However, the US-backed terrorists failed to overthrow the Syrian government, and the second phase was over. Then, the old Shimon Peres vision was revitalized and there was the third phase of the so-called New Middle East project.

The US administration proposed an economic approach, allegedly to resolve the Arab-Israeli conflict, in a bid to gain in politics what it couldn’t achieve in the war.

US President Donald Trump sent Jared Kushner, his son-in-law, who is presented as the godfather of the ‘Deal of Century’, to the region. Kushner decided to replace the well-known slogan of “land for peace” principle with his own one: “peace to prosperity”.  He believes that such a slogan could reduce the conflict to an economic problem that can be resolved by improving the living standards of the Palestinians.

The absence of a draft solution for major political issues, particularly Palestinian statehood, the status of Al-Quds (Jerusalem), and the Palestinians’ right to return to their land, turns Kushner proposal to be a mere attempt to bribe the Palestinians into giving up self-determination.

The funding issue is also a significant factor of disruption for that deal, especially that EU, the traditional donor, did not participated in the workshop in Bahrain, neither Russia, nor China.

Meanwhile, Saudi Arabia, which has shown an extreme enthusiasm for the deal, has been already facing an economic problem and the war in Yemen, which has cost it billions of dollars. The US, where the proposal was launched, certainly would not spend that much money, particularly under Trump administration, who prides himself on extracting monetary concessions from other countries, including Saudi Arabia by extortion, or by the arm sales.

The development and prosperity that Kushner is heralding can only happen if the Israeli occupation is ended.

In contrast, the Trump administration has already made major steps in strengthening the pillars of the occupation, including recognizing Israeli annexation of Al-Quds and the Golan Heights.

With all these major flaws, it was hardly surprising that the Bahrain Workshop failed to jump-start the deal process.

The Axis of Resistance is accomplishing important steps in the warfare in Syria, Yemen and Iraq, preventing Trump and his allies to step forward for the announcement of the “Deal of Century” that could eradicate the Palestinian cause in favor of the Israeli occupation. Hence, the third phase of the New Middle east has also failed.

A flashback to Madrid conference in 1990: the peace process had been built on the principle of “land for peace”, where ‘Israel’ withdrew from occupied Arab land in 1967 in exchange for peace and normalization of ties with the Palestinians and Arabs.

The 1993 Oslo Accord provided a political vision for Shimon Peres’s plan – a two-state solution – which was followed by the 1994 Paris Protocol that established rules regulating economic relations between the Palestinians and Israelis.

This vision was also the core of the 2002 Arab Peace Initiative proposed by Saudi Arabia in Beirut Arab League summit.

Needless to say, all past proposals have failed for one simple reason: They were all in favor of the Israeli occupation of Palestine.

Source: Al-Manar English Website

نهاية المراوغة التركيّة في إدلب


أغسطس 5, 2019

ناصر قنديل

– نجاح جديد للدبلوماسية الروسية والحزم السوري، في أهم عملية تعاون من موقعين متقابلين روسي وسوري، في التعامل مع أخطر لعبة مراوغة إقليمية، تمثلها قيادة الأخوان المسلمين في الرئاسة التركية، حيث كانت روسيا على مدار سنوات تقف على ضفة الاحتواء للدور التركي بينما تقف سورية على ضفة الاشتباك، وكاد الجمهور المؤمن بالتحالف الراسخ والعميق بين روسيا وسورية يقع في الاشتباه مراراً لتهديد هذا التحالف والقلق على سقوطه، بسبب ما ظنه تبايناً في النظرة للدور التركي المخادع، واستغل الكثير من دعاة التشويش والتشويه هذا التعاون الروسي السوري من موقعين متقابلين للنيل من صدقية التحالف بينهما، كما فعلوا في شأن مشابه يخصّ الاعتداءات الإسرائيلية فقالوا، تحلمون بأن تفضل روسيا سورية على «إسرائيل»، وقالوا، واهمون بأن تفضل روسيا سورية على تركيا، وجاءت الوقائع لتقول لهم، واهمون ومشتبهون أنتم بظنكم أن روسيا تفضل تركيا و«إسرائيل» على سورية.

– كان التعاون من موقعين متقابلين صعباً وشاقاً على الحليفين الروسي والسوري، لكنه أثبت فعاليته وصحته وقدرته على تحقيق الإنجاز. وهذا ما قالته معارك حلب مع بداية التموضع التركي في منتصف الطريق بين حلف الحرب وحلف السلم في سورية، واختيار خط المراوغة والخداع. وها هو التعاون من هذين الموقعين المختلفين لروسيا وسورية اليوم يثبت فعاليته في إدلب، ومثله لا يزال التعاون من موقعين متقابلين ومختلفين لروسيا وسورية في التعامل مع الاعتداءات الإسرائيلية، قاعدة لنمو مستدام لمقدرات الدفاع الجوي السورية بدعم روسي ثابت ودائم، وتقدّم مضطرد للخطوط الحمراء أمام سلاح الجو الإسرائيلي ترسمها الصواريخ السورية ذات المصدر الروسي، وارتفاع متتابع لسقوف المعادلات التفاوضية، التي تصنعها سورية بقوة القدرة على الاشتباك ومعها حلفاؤها في خيار المقاومة، وتتلقفها روسيا لصناعة سقوف جديدة للتفاوض، أوصلت واشنطن يوماً لعرض مقايضة انسحاب قواتها بالانسحاب الإيراني، وتفتح اليوم عنوانا لمقايضة قد يطول الوقت لفرضها، لكنها بدأت تصير على الطاولة، وعنوانها الانسحاب الإسرائيلي من الجولان مقابل الانسحاب الإيراني من سورية.

– في إدلب ومنذ أكثر من سنة، مع نهاية معارك جنوب سورية، والأنظار على موقف تركيا، ودرجة استجابتها لمتطلبات تفاهمات أستانة وأكذوبة الفصل بين الجماعات الإرهابية والجماعات المعارضة، والجيش السوري يستعدّ لمعركة فاصلة ويعتبر الجيش التركي محتلاً أراضي سورية يتمركز فيها بصورة غير شرعية، ومن استانة إلى اتفاقات سوتشي، وخطة مرحلية لتحقيق الفصل، ومراوغة تركية جديدة، واستعدادات سورية جديدة، حتى دنت الساعة وبدأ الجيش السوري عملياته ورمت تركيا بثقلها وراء الجماعات الإرهابية كما فعلت من قبل في حلب، ولما دنت الهزيمة، وافقت تركيا على المسار البديل، فرفضت الجماعات الإرهابية، وصار الحسم العسكري سورياً روسياً بدعم الحلفاء، تحت مظلة أستانة قدراً لا بدّ منه بوجه الأتراك.

– الذكاء الاستراتيجي بين الحلفاء يتفوّق على الخداع والمكر في تكتيكات الخصوم.

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Has Washington Joined the List of Israeli Occupied Territories?

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Elias Samo
August 4, 2019

Relations between Washington and Damascus have never been cordial, particularly after the creation of Israel in 1948 and Washington’s blanket support of the newly established state. With the election of Obama in 2008, there was a glimmer of hope for improved relations between the two capitals. Although the high expectations of improved Washington-Damascus relations did not materialize noticeably, the Obama period could be viewed as the ‘good old days’ compared to the Trump presidency. Unfortunately, the animosity in Washington towards Syria is not exclusive to the White House, but it includes Congress and Foggy Bottom, and it is counterproductive to the interests of both nations.

UK ambassador Sir Kim Darroch’s “clumsy and inept” characterization of Trump’s administration aside, it is sufficient to refer to Trump’s own characterization of Syria: “We’re not talking about vast wealth. We’re talking about sand and death”. It is beyond belief that a sitting US President labeled the home of the historic Fertile Crescent and Mesopotamia, a land very rich in soil, an abundance of rainfall and rivers including the Euphrates and Tigris, as “sand and death”. Syria is also the cradle of civilizations, the home of the three monotheistic religions and home of three of the five oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.

Irrespective of Trump’s ignorant comments on Syria, his actions prove he is a dummy for ventriloquist Netanyahu. East Jerusalem and the Syrian Golan were occupied in the ‘67 War. From 1967 to the Trump administration, the US went through nine administrations. Many of the presidential candidates publicly spoke of moving the American embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, but not once in the White House did any administration see the wisdom of doing so. Along came Trump and moved the American embassy to Jerusalem, recognizing united Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan.

Congress, the second center of power and decision making in Washington, has long been considered Israeli-occupied territory. In an article titled “The Only Strategic Rationale for America’s Involvement in Syria Finally Revealed,” I wrote that nearly four hundred congressmen; roughly seventy five percent of the total number of congressmen from both chambers and both parties, had written a letter to Trump. The irony, as I noted in the article, is the fact that “four hundred congressmen, who are elected by Americans to serve American interests, at a time when the US is bogged down in the Arab region, sign and submit a letter to the US President concerned almost exclusively with Israeli Security” I conclude noting: “These congressmen had an opportunity to make a coherent recommendation on US policy in the Arab region in the interest of American National Interest, but instead chose to make recommendations to safeguard the wellbeing and security of a foreign state: Israel.” More recently, also nearly four hundred House of Representatives members chose to violate the freedom of speech protected in the First Amendment of the US Constitution and vote for a resolution that rejects the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions- BDS- campaign against Israel. Thus, the notion that US Congress is Israeli occupied territory is no exaggeration.

In Foggy Bottom, a few decades ago, there was always a group of Arabists, mostly American diplomats who had served in Arab states. They had realized that Israel is a burden on American taxpayers and American excessive support of Israel is not in the best American interest, while American interest would be better served with friendly and improved relations with the Arab states. The Arabists are no more, only Zionists; if any are left, they are reluctant to be vocal out of fear of anti-Semitic charges. Not only the Arabists have disappeared, but to top it off, now there is Mike Pompeo, an Evangelical Christian Zionist, heading the State Department. Ron Dermer, the Israeli ambassador in Washington, in welcoming the guest of honor, Secretary Pompeo, during Israel’s 71st Independence Day celebrations, said: “I can honestly say that Israel has never had a better friend in Foggy Bottom than you.” On another occasion, Pompeo noted that “the work our administration’s done to make sure that this democracy in the Middle East, that this Jewish state remains. I am confident that the Lord is at work here.” So, God is at it again; having originally granted the land to the Jews, now he is guarding Israel. To top it off, in a speech at the most recent AIPAC annual conference, Pompeo said, “As Secretary of State and as a Christian, I am proud to lead American diplomacy to support Israel’s right to defend itself.” Israel, God’s gift to the Jewish people and her guardian, as per Pompeo, and the only regional nuclear superpower, which has boots on sovereign grounds but no foreign boots on its grounds and a very close ally of an international superpower, would need help defending itself.

I recall a conversation I had years ago with Dr. Dori Gold, who was a close associate of Netanyahu. During the conversation, he said we are afraid of you; referring to Syria. I said Dori, you are not serious, your Air Force roams all over Syria unhindered with impunity. He said thousands of Syrian tanks with mounted guns aimed at Israel, prevent us from sleeping restfully. On another occasion, Israelis expressed a desire to eat hummus, a traditional Syrian Lebanese chickpeas appetizer, in Damascus, a significant gesture; reflecting Israel’s schizophrenia towards Syria.

At present, a central issue is the safe zone in northern Syria and Turkish, Kurdish, Syrian and Israeli configuration regarding the zone. Israel, in particular, will covertly have an important role. The zone runs several hundred kilometers east of the Euphrates to the Iraqi border and south of the Turkish-Syrian Orient Express rail track border to a depth yet to be agreed on which could run  between twenty to fourty kilometers. Israel has occupied and subsequently annexed the Golan and recently Trump recognized Israel’s sovereignty of the Golan. Israel will maintain a military presence in the Golan in southern Syria, not too far from Damascus, as it has for half a century, in violation of Syrian territorial integrity and a threat to its national security. As to Syrian northern border, a Turkish occupied zone in northern Syria, a la Northern Cyprus, would also be a violation of Syrian territorial integrity and a threat to its national security. Syria caught between the hammer and the anvil; a dream come true for Israel and it will do its best to see the dream is fullfilled. The sacrificial lamb will be the Kurds; but then who cares about the Kurds other than using them as pawns in great power conflicts when needed.

Syria, Israel’s archenemy, would be surrounded on its northern and southern borders by two hostile and powerful enemies occupying Syrian land and would consider further occupation, violating Syrian territorial integrity and permanently threatening Syrian national security. However, take heed, Syria is not a pushover, nor is it alone.

ما دور روسيا في «الحرب الناعمة» بين أميركا وإيران في سورية؟

يوليو 29, 2019

د. عصام نعمان

الحرب بين أميركا وإيران متواصلة ومتصاعدة. طابعها الظاهر اقتصادي، لكنها في الواقع متعدّدة الساحات والجوانب. آخر مظاهرها اللافتة ما حدث ويحدث في الجولان السوري. ففي غضون شهر ونصف الشهر شنّت حليفتها «إسرائيل» هجومين على موقعٍ للجيش السوري في تل الحارة يشكّل نقطة استطلاع بصري والكتروني الى مسافة بعيدة داخل الأراضي التي تحتلها قوات العدو في سورية.

يدّعون في «إسرائيل» انّ إيران وحزب الله أقاما، بالتعاون مع سورية، بنية تحتية مكوّنة من مواقع استطلاع ومنشآت استخبارتية لجمع المعلومات التي تخدم تنفيذ عمليات ضدّها. كما تدّعي «إسرائيل» انّ حزب الله ووحدات المقاومة التي يديرها في المنطقة هو مَن يقوم بتنفيذ هذه العمليات. ذلك انّ رجال الحرس الثوري الإيراني ممنوعون، بموجب «الاتفاق» الذي تمّ التوصل إليه بوساطة روسية، من التواجد على بُعد أقلّ من 80 كيلومتراً إلى الشرق من الحدود مع الجولان المحتلّ راجع مقالة المحلل العسكري رون بن يشاي في «Ynet»، 2019/7/24 .

لا يجوز، بطبيعة الحال، الركون الى ما تتقوله وسائل الإعلام العبري، لكن من الأكيد انّ ما تكشفه في هذا المجال، سواء كان صحيحاً او مختلَقاً، يتمّ بموافقة الرقابة العسكرية ويمثّل تالياً وجهة نظر «إسرائيل».

في هذا السياق، كان رئيس الحكومة الإسرائيلية بنيامين نتنياهو قد كشف في مقابلة مع صحيفة «يسرائيل هَيوم» 2019/7/19 انه في الإجتماع الثلاثي الذي عُقد في نهاية الشهر الماضي بين مستشاري الأمن القومي لأميركا وروسيا و»إسرائيل» في القدس المحتلة جرى التوصل الى اتفاق لإخراج إيران من سورية.

قناةُ التلفزة الإسرائيلية 13 كانت قد نقلت عن مسؤول أميركي رفيع المستوى انّ تل ابيب وواشنطن طالبتا روسيا بضرورة ان يشمل ايّ اتفاق مستقبلي بشأن الوضع في سورية إنسحاباً عسكرياً إيرانياً ليس من سورية فقط بل من لبنان والعراق ايضاً «معاريف» 2019/7/18 . القناةُ نفسها أوضحت أنه لم تتوافر أنباء بشأن الردّ الروسي على المطالب الإسرائيلية والأميركية، لكنها أشارت في الوقت عينه إلى أنه في اثر اللقاء الأمني المذكور، دافع مستشار الأمن القومي الروسي بتروشيف عن إيران وأكد دعم روسيا لوجودها العسكري المستمرّ في سورية.

إلى ذلك، جاء في التحليل العسكري لرون يشاي المُشار اليه آنفاً «انّ قوات الشرطة العسكرية الروسية تقوم بمراقبة المنطقة وتنفيذ الاتفاق فيها». المنطقة المقصودة هي محيط موقع تل الحارة الذي استهدفته «إسرائيل» فجرَ يوم الأربعاء الماضي، والمقصود بالاتفاق ما تزعمه «إسرائيل» عن وجود تفاهم بين أميركا وروسيا و»إسرائيل» يقضي بمنع قوات الحرس الثوري الإيراني من التواجد على بُعد أقلّ من 80 كيلومتراً الى الشرق من الحدود مع الجولان المحتلّ.

كلّ هذه الواقعات والتقوّلات المار ذكرها، سواء كانت صحيحة او مختلَقة، تشير الى انّ ثمة تفاعلات وعمليات تجري في جنوب سورية، والمرجّح أنها تصبّ في مخطط الولايات المتحدة و»إسرائيل» الرامي الى تفادي الحرب بالنار مع إيران بالنظر الى تكلفتها الباهظة، والإستعاضة عنها بتأجيج الحرب الناعمة ومن ضمنها مشاغلة حلفاء إيران، وفي مقدّمهم سورية وحزب الله، بصنوف من المناوشات والضغوط والعمليات العسكرية المحدودة، كلُّ ذلك بقصد تشديد الحرب الإقتصادية على إيران وحلفائها. ذلك انّ إدارة ترامب تظنّ انّ الحرب الاقتصادية بدأت تعطي ثمارها بدليل انّ إنتاج إيران من النفط انخفض من 2,5 مليون برميل يومياً، كما كانت عليه الحال قبل العقوبات، الى أقل من 400 الف برميل يومياً الأمر الذي سيُكره طهران على الرضوخ لمطلب واشنطن بالعودة الى المفاوضات وذلك تفادياً لخروج الناس الفقراء الى الشوارع، بحسب تقديرات واشنطن.

«إسرائيل» المشغولة بانتخاباتها البرلمانية في شهر أيلول/ سبتمبر المقبل تميل قياداتها السياسية والعسكرية الى التسليم بجدوى الحرب الاقتصادية الأميركية، كما تفضّل عدم التصعيد في هذه الآونة تجنّباً لاستفزاز إيران وحلفائها ودفعهم الى ردّ الكيل كيلين. ذلك انّ فريقاً من القياديين السياسيين والعسكريين في الكيان الصهيوني يتخوّفون من ان تكون أطراف محور المقاومة قد تقوّت مؤخراً بما حدث من مجابهات ووقوعات في المنطقة صبّت في مصلحتها. فالناقلات التي جرى نسفها في موانئ الإمارات العربية المتحدة، والناقلة البريطانية التي حجزتها البحرية الإيرانية وجرّتها الى ميناء بندر عباس بعد أن رفعت عليها العلم الإيراني، وإعلان الإمارات عن عزمها سحب قواتها العاملة في جبهات الحرب اليمنية، وتصعيد الحوثيين وحلفائهم حرب الطائرات المسيّرة على القواعد العسكرية والمطارات السعودية في الرياض وأبها، ونجاح حزب الله وسورية في بناء معامل متخصّصة بتأمين دقة تصويب الصواريخ الدقيقة… كلّ هذه الأحداث والإنجازات قد تحمل إيران وحزب الله في حسبان بعض القياديين الإسرائيليين على تصعيد عمليات ميدانية، برية وبحرية، من شأنها إرباك حكومات أميركا وبريطانيا و»إسرائيل» في وقت يمرّ كلٌ منها في ظروف داخلية دقيقة.

غير انّ كلّ هذه التطورات والاحتمالات لا يمكن ان تحجب سؤالاً ملحاحاً يمور في أذهان قادة محور المقاومة السياسيين والميدانيين: ما دور روسيا في كلّ ما يجري، لا سيما في جنوب سورية وشمالها الشرقي وغربها؟ هل هي حليف مشارك، ام حليف مساند، ام مجرد شرطي مراقب لمدى امتثال الأطراف المتحاربة لبنود اتفاقات سياسية وميدانية قيل إنه جرى إقرارها بين دول كبرى وأخرى إقليمية؟

وزير سابق

أكاذيب نتن ياهو الصاروخية وظنوا أنهم مانعتهم حصونهم!


يوليو 29, 2019

محمد صادق الحسيني

أعلن بنيامين نتنياهو أمس أنّ «إسرائيل» قد أجرت اختباراً صاروخياً سرياً وخارقاً، خلال الأسابيع الماضية في ألاسكا، لمنظومة Resistance، وهي الجيل الجديد من هذا النظام الصاروخي الفاشل.

وفِي ظلّ موجة الأكاذيب التي أطلقها نتن ياهو ومدير شركة الصناعات الجوية «الإسرائيلية»، بهذه المناسبة، فلا بدّ أن يتمّ توضيح بعض التفاصيل المهمة في هذا المجال:

1 ـ نقول لهذا العنصري المغرور انّ هذا النظام ليس سرياً وليس خارقاً كما تدّعي، وإنما هو نظام صاروخي جري تطويره من قبل شركة بوينغ الأميركية، في إطار الخطط الأميركية لإقامة درع صاروخي مضادّ للصواريخ. كما انّ برنامج تطوير وتصنيع هذا النظام قد تمّ تمويله، بنسبة 80 من قبل الولايات المتحدة، علماً انّ تكاليف البرنامج قد وصلت الى مليارين وأربعمائة مليون دولار حتى الآن، دفعت منها الولايات المتحدة 80 أيّ حوالي ملياري دولار.

2 ـ يُضاف الى ذلك انّ بيانات وزارة «الدفاع الإسرائيلية» نفسها قد أكدت انّ تجربة هذا النظام قد تمّ تأجيلها، في شهر أيار 2018، بسبب مشاكل فنية يجب إيجاد الحلول المناسبة لها قبل تنفيذ التجربة.

كما أعلنت الوزارة نفسها انّ تجربة «ناجحة» قد أجريت، على هذا النظام الصاروخي، في شهر كانون الثاني/ يناير 2019 في «وسط إسرائيل»، فما الحاجة إذن إلى إجراء تجارب سرية وخارقة في ولاية ألاسكا الأميركية، بعد إعلان وزارة الحرب الإسرائيلية في مرتين على الأقلّ، عن إجراء تأجيل ثم تجريب لهذا النظام؟

3 ـ انّ ما جرى في ألاسكا ليس سوى حملة تضليل، للرأي العام الإسرائيلي قبل كلّ شيء، يمارسها نتن ياهو، في إطار حملته الانتخابية. وهي جزء من أعماله «الطرزانية» كسرقة الأرشيف النووي الإيراني من طهران وغير ذلك من الأكاذيب.

4 ـ وللمزيد من التوضيح والدقة، فإننا نقول إنه وحتى لأسباب فنية، فلا داعي لإجراء تجربة ميدانية على هذا النظام في ألاسكا الأميركية، خاصة أنّ محطات الرادار، من طراز AN / TPY 2، اللازمة لتشغيل هذا النظام موجودة في قاعدة تل شاحار Tal Shahar القريبة من بلدة بيت شيمش، غربي القدس، والتي ستكون مقرّ أربع بطاريات لهذا النوع من الصواريخ، التي سيتمّ إخفاؤها داخل دشم محصّنة في التلال المحيطة بالقاعدة.

علماً انّ خبراء ومحللين عسكريين إسرائيليين قد أكدوا انّ أنظمة الرادار الأميركية، المشار اليها أعلاه، قد تمّ استخدامها فعلاً عندما أجريت تجربة هذا النظام في شهر كانون الثاني/ يناير 2019. وعليه فلا داعي مطلقاً للذهاب الى ألاسكا لإجراء مثل هكذا تجارب.

5 ـ انها مناورة جديدة وحملة غش وخداع يمارسه هذا الغوغائي، مستغلاً قيام إيران بتنفيذ تجربة على صاروخ حربي متوسط المدى قبل أيّام، الأمر الذي لا يتعدّى كونه إجراءً روتينياً، في إطار تجارب تنفذ على صواريخ دفاعية محدودة المدى. الأمر الذي يجعل نتن ياهو محطاً للسخرية، لدى الخبراء العسكريين، بمن فيهم الإسرائيليون، وذلك عندما يحاول الإيحاء، للجمهور الإسرائيلي والرأي العام الدولي، انه أصبح رامبو هذا العصر وقادر على التصدّي للصواريخ الحربية البعيدة المدى خارج الغلاف الجوي.

6 ـ ولا بدّ، في هذا السياق، من الإشارة الى ما نشره الصحافي الإسرائيلي، يانوف كوبوفيتش Yanov Kobuvic على موقع صحيفة «هآرتس» الإسرائيلية، بعيد ظهر أمس، حول «صواريخ نتن ياهو الساحقة والخارقة»، حيث قال: «انّ من المحتمل ان يساعد هذا النظام الصاروخي الجديد الجيش الإسرائيلي على مواجهة بعض التحديات الأكثر تعقيداً».

وهذا يعني انّ تصريحات رئيس شركة الصناعات العسكرية الإسرائيلية، المتساوقة مع تصريحات وتبجحات نتن ياهو، التي أشار فيها الى فرضية ان يكون هذا النظام قادراً على إسقاط أقمار صناعية، ليست إلا هراءً لا يستند الى أية حقائق عملية.

7 ـ الأهمّ من ذلك كله هو انّ ما يهدّد وجود الدولة العبرية ليست الأقمار الصناعية السعودية او الإماراتية مثلاً، بل انّ ما يهدّد هذا الوجود هو قوات حلف المقاومة الموجودة على بعد كيلومترات قليلة من قلب هذا الكيان، سواء على الجبهة السورية أو اللبنانية أو على جبهة قطاع غزة. وهذا ما يعلمه نتن ياهو وجنرالات الجيش الإسرائيلي تماماً، وهو الأمر الذي يخلق لهم الأرق الدائم والأزمة والتحدي الاستراتيجي الأكبر.

8 ـ ولهذا السبب بالذات قام الجيش الإسرائيلي، ومن خلال تعاونه مع مجموعات مسلحة، أنشأها وسلّحها وأدارها عبر غرفة عمليات الموك في عمّان، نقول انّ هذا الجيش حاول السيطرة على قطاع الجولان ومحافظة درعا، وقام بتدمير قواعد الدفاع الجوي السوري ليس في هذه المناطق فقط وإنما في كلّ مكان دخلته العصابات المسلحة في كلّ الأراضي السورية، وذلك بسبب الكابوس الذي يعيشه هذا الجيش من جراء الانكشاف الاستراتيجي الذي تعيشه «الدولة» التي يتدثر بها او يتغطى بها هذا الجيش.

ذلك الانكشاف الذي يتمثل في كون مدينة الناصرة المحتلة مثلاً لا تبعد عن مواقع الجيش السوري وقوات حلف المقاومة في منطقة اليرموك سوى 45 كم. كما انّ هذه المواقع لا تبعد عن حيفا ويافا أكثر من ستين كيلومتراً وهي مسافة لا تحتاج الى صواريخ بعيدة المدى يتمّ التصدي لها من خلال صواريخ نتن ياهو الكاذبة، التي تسمّى «حيتس 3»، وهي ليست بحاجة إلا لوثبات أسود كي يصلوا الى عمق الجليل الفلسطيني من جنوب لبنان، وصولاً الى الناصرة والعفولة حيث سيلتقون بقية القوات المتقدّمة من جنوب وشمال بحيرة طبرية، لمواصلة الزحف الى جنين شمال الضفة الغربية جنوباً والى عكا وحيفا شمالاً.

9 ـ أما إذا قال قائل بأنّ هذا الكلام لا يتعدّى كونه ضرباً من الخيال فإننا لا ننصحه إلا بالعودة الى أرشيف وزارة الحرب الإسرائيلية ليتعرّف على النقاط التي وصلتها قوات الجيش السوري، خلال حرب تشرين 1973، حيث وصلت وبكلّ بساطة الى خطوط الهدنة لسنة 1948، بعد ان كانت قد أعادت تحرير هضبة الجولان بالكامل، وذلك قبل ان يبدأ الهجوم الإسرائيلي المعاكس يوم 21/10/1973، وبغطاء جوي أميركي أوروبي كامل، شاركت فيه مائتا طائرة فانتوم، لا تحمل شارات سلاح الجو الإسرائيلي وكانت قد نقلت على عجل من القواعد الأميركية والأوروبية في الولايات المتحدة وأوروبا، وذلك بعد ان خسرت إسرائيل 303 طائرات على الجبهة المصرية و 120 طائرة على الجبهة السورية.

ذلك الهجوم الإسرائيلي المعاكس الذي بدأته «إسرائيل» بعمليات إنزال جوي كثيف جداً، وبغطاء جوي من قبل طائرات الفانتوم الأميركية التي كان يقودها طيارون أميركيون وأوروبيون، على مراصد جبل الشيخ التي كان الجيش  السوري قد حرّرها في اليوم الأول للحرب، وما تبع ذلك من تطويرللهجوم الجوي والبري الإسرائيلي، الذي كان المستشارون العسكريون السوفيات، ومن أبرزهم العقيد طيار يوري كوزين، يسجلون وقائعه لحظة بلحظة ويتخذون الإجراءات اللازمة لوقفه، بما في ذلك تعويض سلاح الجو وسلاح المدرّعات السورية عن الخسائر التي لحقت بهما، وذلك عبر جسر جوي ضخم إقامته القيادة السوفياتية آنذاك.

علماً انّ هذا الهجوم المعاكس قد تواصل بضراوة، رغم كلّ الجهد السوري للتصدّي له جواً وبراً، طوال أيّام 21 و 22 و 23 و 24 تشرين الأول 1973، خاصة بعد وقف إطلاق النار على الجبهة المصرية والذي تمّ دون التنسيق مع القيادة السورية.

10 ـ في الخلاصة فإنّ منظومات «حيتس 3» لن تكون قادرة على حماية تل أبيب، لا من صواريخ الجيش السوري ولا من صواريخ قوات حلف المقاومة في الشمال وفي قطاع غزة، والدليل الأكبر على ذلك هو فشل كلّ منظومات الدفاع الصاروخي، الموجودة بحوزة الجيش الإسرائيلي، في التصدي لصواريخ المقاومة الفلسطينية، التي أطلقت من قطاع غزة، خلال العدوان الأخير على القطاع، أواخر العام الماضي. وما على المتابع إلا العودة ليوميات العدوان وتوسّلات نتن ياهو للقيادة المصرية بالتدخل لدى المقاومة الفلسطينية لوقف إطلاق النار.

وما يمكرون إلا بأنفسهم وما يشعرون.

بعدنا طيّبين قولوا الله…

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