Iran’s revolution at 44: A struggling economy with big potential

February 11 2023

Forty-four years on from the Islamic Revolution, Iran boasts a more diversified economy, advances in technology, and major development milestones – despite decades of western sanctions aimed at hindering such progress.

Photo credit: The Cradle

By Maysam Bizaer

Iran’s economy underwent significant changes after the Islamic Revolution of 1979. Prior to the revolution, Iran had a mixed economy with a strong private sector and heavy reliance on oil exports. After the revolution, the government nationalized many industries and implemented an economic system based on central planning and state control.

According to the World Bank, Iran’s economy is dominated by the hydrocarbon sector, agriculture, and services sectors. Although there have been some liberalization efforts, most privatizations have resulted in ownership being transferred from the government to large conglomerates, with the actual private sector playing a smaller role in small and medium-sized enterprises.

Main Sectors

Pre-revolutionary Iran’s economy was primarily comprised of four main sectors, with the oil and mining sector being the largest, accounting for 75 percent of the GDP. The services sector, industry, and agriculture followed with 13 percent, 9 percent, and 2 percent of the GDP respectively.

Over time, Iran has transformed into a diverse economy, with the services sector now being the primary driver, (+57 percent of the GDP). This is followed by the industry and mining sector (19.5 percent), agriculture (10.7 percent), petroleum (approximately 8 percent), and construction with 4.3 percent as of the end of the last Iranian calendar year, 1400, on 20 March, 2022, according to data from the Central Bank of Iran.

Oil, Gas, and Petrochemicals

Iran’s oil sector has faced numerous challenges since the revolution, including western sanctions and the destruction of facilities during the devastating eight-year Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s. While Iran saw its highest crude oil production of 6 million barrels per day (bpd) in 1974, the oil industry has never reached this volume in the past 44 years.

The highest crude oil production recorded after the revolution was 3.8 million bpd in 2018, before the US unilaterally withdrew from the nuclear agreement known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and reimposed sanctions on Tehran.

As part of its policy to reduce crude oil export, Iran has significantly increased the number of its petrochemical plants to not only reduce or totally eliminate its local demands for strategic goods such as gasoline or urea, but to also maximize its foreign currency income by exporting a variety of petrochemical goods which reached $24 billion in the last Iranian year (March 2021-22).

Despite the downturns in crude oil production, Iran has significantly increased its gas production in several major gas fields such as the South Pars, becoming the third largest gas producer after the US and Russia in 2021 by producing 256.7 billion cubic meter of natural gas. While most of Iran’s natural gas production is consumed by the country’s residential, industrial, and power plants, it continues to export a portion of it to neighboring countries such as Iraq and Turkey.


Agriculture has also undergone significant changes since the revolution, with the government placing importance on food security through self-sufficiency. Although production has increased, the sector has faced challenges, including drought, mismanagement, and lack of needed investment to modernize the industry, which have led to a decline in productivity.

Pursuing a self-sufficiency policy for strategic products such as wheat has long been sought as the state’s policy to reduce its dependency. The sector remains an important source of employment and income for rural communities and small farmers, although its share has been decreasing in recent years.


The services sector, including finance, retail, and tourism, has seen the greatest expansion and growth in post-revolutionary Iran. Although recent anti-government protests and government restrictions on the internet have impacted businesses in the sector, the sector has benefited from advancements in technology, which has enabled businesses to reach a wider customer base and enhance their services in both urban and rural areas.

The country’s scientific and technological advancements, combined with its young and highly educated workforce, has made the services sector the main contributor to the GDP and the primary source of job opportunities.

Industry & Mining

In recent decades, Iran has developed a wide range of industries including petrochemicals, automotive, mining, and manufacturing. The country now produces minerals like iron ore, copper, and gold, and the manufacturing sector has grown to produce goods like textiles, food products, steel, pharmaceuticals, and consumer goods.

These are just some of the main technological and industrial advances that Iran has achieved over the past decades either by expanding and modernizing the previously existing industries in the pre-revolution era or by creating them from scratch


According to the latest data by Iran’s Statistic’s Center, the largest sector of employment in Iran is the service sector, with 51.3 percent of the country’s workforce, followed by the industry sector with 34.6 percent, and the agriculture sector with 14.3 percent.

The current unemployment rate in Iran is 8.2 percent, the lowest it has been in 17 years, although high unemployment rates still persist among the youth (27 percent) and women (29.5 percent).

Iran’s ‘high human development’

The overall advancements in Iran’s economy have contributed significantly to the improvement of its ranking in the United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP) Human Development Index (HDI). Iran’s HDI improved from 0.601 in 1990 to 0.774 in 2021, putting it at 76th place among countries ranked by HDI – in the top tier of states that have achieved the high human development category, and ahead of China, India, and Brazil.

According to the UNDP, the country has made substantial progress in the three basic dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, knowledge, and a decent standard of living.

The challenges ahead

Despite 44 years of transformation, Iran’s economy faces a number of persistent challenges that threaten its growth and stability. Sanctions and political tensions with the west continue to limit Iran’s access to the international financial system and hinder its ability to trade, something officials in Tehran describe as “economic warfare.”

Additionally, mismanagement by the government, dependence on oil exports, high inflation rates, high unemployment, and limited foreign investment present major obstacles to the country’s economic progress. Although Iran has a large and well-educated workforce, it needs investment in key sectors such as technology, infrastructure, and manufacturing to unlock its full potential.

However, political, legal, and operational uncertainties, as well as capital flight, are also hindering investment and growth. According to the World Bank’s MENA Economic Update report, Iran’s real GDP was projected to grow by 2.9 percent in 2022 and 2.2 percent in 2023, a downward revision from previous forecasts. As long as sanctions and tensions with the west remain high, the outlook for Iran’s economy will remain uncertain and its growth will likely be limited.

Bleak but not hopeless

Despite its progress over the past 44 years, Iran remains a vastly underutilized market, missing out on opportunities and international investment worth billions that has led to its absence in the global supply chain despite its vast industrial, manufacturing, and scientific advances.

The economy is still grappling with high inflation, a plummeting currency, corruption, and limited access to global markets. The poverty rate which had exceeded 25 percent in the 1970s, dropped to below 10 percent in 2014, but has been on the rise again in the aftermath of major economic downturns and intensified sanctions since 2018, reaching as high as 27.6 percent in 2019. As such, the country’s ailing economy has become a major source of discontent among its youthful population.

While the situation in Iran’s economy may appear bleak, it is important to note that it has not yet reached a breaking point. The country is backed by a large, educated population, strong universities, and innovative startups that provide resilience and flexibility in the face of change, as seen repeatedly over the past decades.

The situation may continue as long as the sanctions and tensions with the West – especially in the aftermath of the Ukraine war and Iran’s strategy of the look to the East – remains high, keeping the Iranian economy ticking with limited growth much lower than its full capacity.

While Tehran continues to proactively pursue trade and economic growth with its neighbors and alternative partners outside the western-led global financial system – such as through accession to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), its upcoming free trade agreement with the Russian-led Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), and its application to join the Global South’s BRICS+ expanded format – it remains to be seen to what extend these measures will assist the Islamic Republic to make up for its current economic constraints.

The views expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect those of The Cradle.

Iran Before Imam Khomeini…

January 31, 2023

By Al-Ahed News

Iran’s Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was very arrogant and insolent. He enjoyed all of the Iranian wealth and resources while neglecting the conditions the people have been living through, until he fled the country and Imam Ruhollah Mousavi Khomeini returned.

Iran Before Imam Khomeini…
Iran Before Imam Khomeini…
Iran Before Imam Khomeini…
Iran Before Imam Khomeini…
Iran Before Imam Khomeini…

Leader: Gen. Soleimani empowered, equipped and revived resistance front against Israel, US

Sunday, 01 January 2023 11:23 AM  

[ Last Update: Sunday, 01 January 2023 12:13 PM ]

Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei holds a meeting with General Soleimani’s family and members of his commemoration committee. (Photo by

Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei has lauded sacrifices made by late commander General Qassem Soleimani, saying the anti-terror icon’s great work was to protect, empower, equip and revive the resistance front against Israel and the US.

The item is being updated..

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Gen. Soleimani ‘unifying figure’, ‘architect of resistance’: Academic

Sunday, 01 January 2023 11:07 AM  

[ Last Update: Sunday, 01 January 2023 11:08 AM ]

Iran’s top anti-terror commander, Lieutenant General Qassem Soleimani

An academic has described Iran’s top anti-terror commander, Lieutenant General Qassem Soleimani, as the “architect of resistance” and a “unifying figure” in life and death.

Pro-Palestine professor, David Miller, sacked by Bristol University over his criticism of Israel and Zionism, made the comments about General Soleimani in Press TV’s Palestine Declassified aired on Saturday.

Soleimani, the chief commander of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) Quds Force, was assassinated on January 3, 2020, in a US air raid outside Baghdad International Airport under the direct order of then-US president Donald Trump.

Miller mentioned the “practical effect” of Soleimani’s legacy on enabling the Axis of Resistance as well as Palestinian factions to collaborate with each other.

“All the Palestinian factions got together and still remain unified, even though the Israelis tried to split them apart; I think that the resistance is unified much stronger than it has been for many years and that is directly because of Soleimani’s activity,” he said, adding that, “he was a unifying figure in life and death.”

Miller also said that Soleimani was the “architect of resistance” and brought together the forces in the Axis of Resistance, a transnational organization, willing to fight US imperialism and target and fight Zionism.

He also lauded the anti-terror commander for his endeavors in bringing the resistance together despite the Shia-Sunni divide.

“He worked seamlessly across the sectarian divide, and the support from [the Palestinian resistance movement] Hamas, predominantly a Sunni organization, is unparalleled for any other particular leader in the Iranian government,” he said.

“Soleimani is somebody who, during his life, accomplished military feats, for which the whole world should be grateful,” Miller added.

The killing of General Soleimani

The killing of Qassem Soleimani by a drone strike on 3 January 2020 was carried out on the direct orders of President Donald Trump.

‘Gen. Soleimani steadfast ally of Palestinian resistance’

Aamar Kazmi, an anti-imperialist political activist, also told Press TV that General Soleimani was certainly seen as a “steadfast ally of the Palestinian resistance.”

“Many Palestinians, particularly those in Gaza, admire Soleimani, display portraits of him and even in the West Bank, and there are murals of him on the apartheid wall, so he is very well respected in Palestine and lots of tributes were paid to him upon his martyrdom,” he said.

‘Soleimani, architect of defeat of ISIS’

Elsewhere in his remarks, Kazmi said Soleimani was the architect of the defeat of Daesh (ISIS) terrorists in Iraq and Syria.

“Qassem Soleimani’s role was quite unique; over the years, he was on the ground, literally all over the place in Iraq and Syria, building connections, planning and strategizing, providing inspiration and morale. Sometimes it is possible to attribute too much to a single individual but I do not think this is one of those cases,” he concluded.

Iraq commemorates General Soleimani ahead of US assassination anniversary: ‘His path will continue’

The Iraqi people hold ceremony in Salahedine Governorate to commemorate the former commander of the IRGC Quds Force General Qassem Soleimani and his comrades.

During his lifetime, General Soleimani played a significant and direct role all across the region.

In 2006, Soleimani sent military support to Hezbollah to help eject the Zionist invasion of southern Lebanon.

In Syria, Soleimani assumed personal control of the Iranian intervention. He reportedly coordinated the war from a base in Damascus with Syrian officers, Hezbollah, and Iraqi Shia militia forces.

In 2015, he was the main architect of the joint intervention involving Russia as a new partner with Assad and Hezbollah. Soleimani personally briefed President Putin on the strategy.

In 2017, he dealt a decisive blow against ISIS in both Syria and Iraq.

General Soleimani was targeted in a US drone strike directly ordered by Trump, which also killed the deputy chief of Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Units (PMU) Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis among others.

Five days later, Iran, which had vowed to avenge Soleimani’s assassination, launched a barrage of missiles at the US-run Ain al-Assad airbase in Iraq’s western province of Anbar, as well as another airbase in Erbil.

The Islamic Republic also said the attack, dubbed Operation Martyr Soleimani, was a “first slap” and that its retaliation was not over.

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“Foreign Intel. Circulating Fabrications on Iran, Lebanon Lacks Decision in Accepting Fuel Offer”

December 9, 2022

Mujtaba Amani, Iranian Ambassador to Lebanon, in an interview with Al-Manar (Thursday, December 9, 2022)
The mission and challenges in Lebanon.. and the approach to the recent events in Iran / with Mojtaba Amani, the Iranian ambassador to Lebanon

Iranian Ambassador to Lebanon Mujtaba Amani stressed that foreign intelligence systems have been misleading public opinion on Iran protests.

In an interview with Al-Manar’s Panorama Today on Thursday, Amani said described Lebanon’s inability to accept the Iranian fuel offer as lack in Beirut’s decision in face of US pressures.

The issue of fuel offer took long time, and according to Tehran it’s over as Lebanon is incapable to accept this grant, Amani said.

As he regretted Lebanon’s lack of decision in this context, the Iranian ambassador noted that the Islamic Republic is always ready to renew such offers.

Iran Supports ‘Strong’ Lebanon

The envoy said that Iran’s official stance is to support ‘strong’ Lebanon, noting that electing new Lebanese president is an internal affair which Tehran never interferes in.

“We hope that Lebanon will triumph and be strong on levels of security, stability and economy,” the Iranian envoy said, stressing Tehran’s support to all Lebanese sides.

“Iran definitely supports the resistance, which enabled Lebanon to utilize from its wealth, and this has positive effects on the entire country,” Amani said, noting that he has been holding talks with all sides on Lebanon.

Meanwhile, he noted that meetings with Maronite Patriarch Cardinal Bechara Boutros Al-Rahi and Progressive Socialist Party Chief Walid Jumblatt come in this context.

The Iranian ambassador also congratulated the Moroccan national football team on its win over Spain in the FIFA World Cup in Qatar.

Anti-Iran Misleading Campaign

Commenting on the latest protests in Iran, Amani said that peaceful demonstrations frequently take place across the Islamic Republic, noting that this is a normal movement staged by the Iranian citizens.

However, he noted that some of the latest protests turned into violence and chaos, pointing to the role of foreign intelligence bodies in this issue.

Several foreign intelligence bodies have been staging misleading campaign against the Islamic Republic and circulating fabrications over the chaos taking place recently, Amani told Panorama Today.

Source: Al-Manar English Website

Iran to Grab the Initiative in the “Combined War”

November 26, 2022 

By Ali Abadi

Have the authorities of the Islamic Republic of Iran begun to regain the initiative in the “combined war” that was imposed on them? What is the horizon for the next stage in dealing with the emerging internal-external challenge?

When Leader of the Islamic Revolution His Eminence Imam Sayyed Ali Khamenei indicated in a speech to a gathering of school students earlier this month that the enemy had a “plan” behind igniting the “combined war” currently targeting Iran, His Eminence was recalling the information contained in a joint statement of the Ministry of Intelligence and the Revolutionary Guards on October 28. The statement included data, most notably:

  • The involvement of the CIA and the British, “Israeli” and Saudi intelligence in the disturbances within the “plan to destroy Iran”. The planning and practical implementation of the bulk of the riots was carried out by the Mossad.
  • Smuggling military and espionage equipment for subversive networks into Iran.
  • The CIA organized training courses for some of its Iranian agents, including “N.H.” who took the first photo of the late Mahsa Amini while she was in the hospital.
  • Setting American institutes for riots several months before they occurred, as they ordered their agents to abuse sanctities, burn the Holy Quran and mosques, and target security forces and clerics.

The decline of “protests” and the progress of assassinations

About two months after the outbreak of the protests, it can be said that their course is taking a downward turn based on several indicators. The first chapter of it, which is to stir people up and push them to the street, has exhausted its energy, even if it has not completely ended yet. Now it is mainly dependent on armed groups carrying out assassination attacks against security personnel. Over the past few days, these groups carried out attacks that led to the killing of security officers who were working to control the situation and interview some people on the street [in Mashhad, Isfahan, Kurdistan, Khuzestan, and Baluchistan]. It seems that the aim of these attacks is to escalate the situation again in the street by provoking the security forces to draw them into a reaction that sheds more blood.

The shootings took place in provinces where the activities of separatist armed groups are concentrated, such as Khuzestan, Baluchistan, Kurdistan and West Azerbaijan, and incidents took place in other regions [Isfahan, Tehran, Mashhad] to give the impression that all of Iran is a hotspot. However, the movements remain limited in comparison to the vastness of Iran, and the number of participants in each movement in the street is in the hundreds at best.

In a preliminary reading, it appears that the security services are acting according to a plan that takes into account the following objectives:

  • Luring: Detecting riot groups and their organizers by giving them an opportunity to go out in public, as what happened in the past weeks, when a large number of people were arrested based on what was captured from cameras, drones and information of informants on the ground.
  • Gaining public opinion: To allow people who were affected by the demands raised by the rioters to see the truth about these people through their practices and to reveal the fall of a large number of security personnel during the protests at the hands of armed and rioting groups. It is worth noting here that the climate in which these disturbances were born affected some of the political elites in the country who did not take a position on what was happening, which the Iranian president referred to as “a clouding of the minds of the elite”. This reveals a loophole similar to what happened in Lebanon after October 17, 2019, where some figured had been affected by the propaganda atmosphere on social media and foreign media. This imposes a tax on solution that has a greater political and security cost.
  • Reducing casualties among people during security measures on the ground to prevent the enemy from benefiting from any mistakes that might contribute to the siding of bewildered Iranians to the rioters against public order. This may lead to losses and sacrifices among the officers of the security forces, but this price remains small given the goal of not harming the largest number of people.

The Iranian security services were able to defuse the tension in some areas after opening dialogues with many social elites, as many people who were concerned about the safety of their regions and countries confirmed that the issue was not related to specific demands, but rather to dragging the country into an open confrontation with dangerous consequences.

In parallel, the security services are carrying out local operations to dismantle many cells responsible for killing people and security personnel and arresting their members, which is expected to lead to the dispersion of these groups and the scattering of their efforts and ability to communicate. And the security services show that they have accurate information about the people involved, based on technical tracking and relying on surveillance cameras and drones that play a role in monitoring movements on the ground.

In his speech to a delegation from the people of Isfahan a couple of days ago, Imam Khamenei drew attention to two points: the first is reassuring, in which he said that the current events will be accommodated and that “rioters and those behind them are too despicable to be able to harm the regime”. The second is that the people respond to these practices with greater awareness through massive participation in the funeral ceremonies of security personnel who are killed by the enemy. This last observation was tested and seen clearly in the funerals of martyrs who died in different provinces, and this would “turn the threat into an opportunity” to mobilize the people in the face of the enemy’s plans.

Direct US Intervention

Also, within the combined war, there are direct interventions led by the United States to add fuel to the fire and encourage the continuation of the unrest through:

  • Statements by American and European political leaders criticizing what they call “violations against protesters in Iran”, in an unbalanced view that reflects a strategy pursued to undermine the Islamic Republic’s government.
  • The mobilization of the media and the use of the capabilities of social media platforms in order to undermine Islamic values and transform the current problem into a position on the Islamic identity of Iranian society [the hijab, turban, flag of the Islamic Republic, pictures of martyrs, various religious symbols]. This malicious endeavor is being carried out by some idiots who see the West as their reference, and not the broad masses of the Iranian people who are proud of their religious values.
  • Imposing commercial sanctions on Iranian companies and others on Iranian media personalities, particularly on state television, which broadcasts video clips of confessions of those arrested in the assassination crimes.
  • Pressure through the United Nations General Assembly, where Western countries pushed for a session that voted to condemn Iran regarding alleged “violations” of human rights, noting that the number of countries that supported the resolution [78 votes] represents less than half of the number of countries that participated in the session [178 countries], where the rest preferred to abstain [69 countries], and a smaller number dared to refuse to condemn [31 countries]. This comes at a time when the US State Department exempted the Saudi Crown Prince from prosecution in a case brought before US courts in the case of the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in exchange for US commercial interests.
  • Pressure through the United Nations Human Rights Council as well, as it will meet within days to vote on a project directed against Iran, after it was prepared in a text proposed by Western countries.
  • Pressure in the United Nations Women’s Committee “to get Iran out of the committee,” as US Vice President Kamala Harris pledged.
  • Pressure through the International Atomic Energy Agency [IAEA] by holding a meeting condemning Iran for “not cooperating with the agency in the investigation of uranium enrichment activities”, without regard to the steps presented by Tehran in this context, including the signing of the Additional Cooperation Protocol. Washington hopes, in coordination with its partners, to bring Iran’s file to the Security Council, claiming that it poses a threat to international peace and security. This claim is not approved by several countries, including Russia and China, which indicates that the ultimate US goal is to defame Iran and harm its reputation and credibility in international forums, in preparation for its isolation, to prevent it from achieving great gains in the event that an agreement regarding the nuclear file was reached later.

Thus, the US administration proves that it uses the United Nations with all its bodies to implement its own agenda aimed at subjugating Iran and achieving what it failed to achieve in the Vienna meetings. It is concretely confirmed that the Biden and Trump administrations are two sides of the same coin, as the current administration completes the investment in what its predecessor began in terms of the strict blockade against the Islamic Republic.

There remains a final sign: Iranian media reported that Iran had informed Qatar that it would not respond during the period of the World Cup hosted by Doha to external parties that planned and organized interference in its internal affairs, in response to Qatar’s positive position of not cooperating with the efforts aimed at preventing the participation of Iran’s national team in the event. And if this is true – and it appears that it is according to some evidence – then this means that the authorities of the Islamic Republic will take advantage of the period of the Qatar World Cup in order to rearrange the internal security situation, after which it will devote itself to dealing with the sources of the external threat.

Less Than Four Minutes to Tel Aviv!

November 12, 2022

By Staff, Agencies

Iran has built a hypersonic ballistic missile that can pierce advanced aerial defense shields and hit specific targets, a senior commander of the Islamic Revolution Guard [IRG] announced on Thursday.

“The missile has a great velocity and can maneuver both in and out of the Earth’s atmosphere,” Amir Ali Hajizadeh, the IRG Aerospace Division chief, told reporters.

“The new missile can pass through all missile defense systems, and I don’t think that the technology capable of intercepting it will be achieved in the decades to come. It can target the enemy’s anti-missile systems, and its production marks a huge generational leap in the development of a new generation of missiles,” Brigadier General Hajizadeh explained.

The hypersonic missile can fly at more than five times the speed of sound [at a rate of 3,800 mph].  According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, hypersonic missiles are able to travel on complex trajectories that make them difficult to defend against.

The homegrown hypersonic missile is more advanced than Sejil.

Sejil is able to reach Tel Aviv in less than seven minutes if it is launched from Natanz. However, the hypersonic missile, which is much more advanced than Sejil, can reach Tel Aviv in less than four minutes from Iran’s western regions.

The news of the hypersonic missile broke out on the sidelines of a ceremony marking the memory of martyr Tehrani Moqaddam, who is recognized as the father of the Iranian missile program.

Tehrani Moqaddam was martyred on November 14, 2011. He and 16 others were martyred in an explosion at an IRG depot about 25 miles west of Tehran.

Talking to the Tasnim news agency on Friday, Hajizadeh said the hypersonic missile has been tested and will be unveiled in the future.

“In the future and in a proper time this hypersonic missile will be unveiled,” Hajizadeh remarked.

Meanwhile, Marina Miron, a research fellow from the Defense Studies Department at King’s College London, told Newsweek that “the problem is now the US is still struggling with its hypersonic missiles and now all of a sudden Iran has its first hypersonic missile—so that changes the balance of power.”

“To intercept a hypersonic missile, you would need special space satellites or a space sensor,” she said. “At this very stage, there is no defense against hypersonic missiles so it increases the threat to countries which are located within range.”

“It’s going to have some serious implications on the balance of power, not only in the Middle East but just generally in the world,” Miron added.

US War Department spokesperson for the Middle East region, Army Lieutenant Colonel Rob Lodewick, told Fox News Digital that the Pentagon is “well aware” of the reporting but claimed it remains “skeptical.”

“As always, we will refrain from disclosure of intelligence reporting and assessments on such sensitive topics,” he added. “We continue to closely monitor Iran’s development and proliferation of advanced missiles and associated technology.”

The announcement of the hypersonic ballistic missile by the IRG aerospace chief came just a few days after the long-range Sayad B4 missile production line was launched and the updated version of the Bavar-373 surface-to-air missile system was revealed by the Iranian Defense Ministry.

Speaking on November 6, Iranian Defense Minister Mohammad Reza Ashtiani said, “Bavar-373 system was initially capable of destroying targets at 200 kilometers, and now the upgraded system, aiming to attack targets at very long ranges, including ballistic missiles, fighter aircraft, and bombers can destroy targets at 300 kilometers.”

Brigadier General Ashtiani emphasized that many technologically sophisticated countries desire to own such a system and that it can engage and destroy up to six targets at once.

According to the report, the detection range of the Bavar-373 system’s radar rose from 350 to 450 kilometers, while its engagement range increased from 260 to 400 kilometers.

The report stated that the missile’s engagement altitude has grown from 27 to 32 kilometers, and its range has expanded from 200 to 300 kilometers.

Bavar-373 can engage stealth aircraft like the F-35 at long distances.

Also on November 5, the IRG Aerospace Force successfully launched the Qaem-100 satellite carrier. It uses a solid-propellant engine and can carry satellites weighing 80 kg into an orbit of 500 kilometers away from the Earth.

Iranian military specialists and technicians have made significant progress in recent years in manufacturing a wide spectrum of indigenous weaponry, allowing the armed forces to be quite self-sufficient in the armament industry.

Senior IRGC cmdr.: Iran develops hypersonic ballistic missile capable of penetrating advanced air defense shields

Thursday, 10 November 2022

Brigadier General Amir-Ali Hajizadeh, head of the Aerospace Division of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC)

A high-ranking commander of Iran’s Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) says the country has developed a homegrown hypersonic ballistic missile which is capable of penetrating sophisticated aerial defense shields and striking designated targets.

“The missile has a high velocity and can maneuver both in and out of the Earth’s atmosphere,” Brigadier General Amir-Ali Hajizadeh, the commander of the IRGC’s Aerospace Division, told reporters on Thursday.

“The new missile can pass through all missile defense systems, and I don’t think that the technology capable of countering it will be achieved in the decades to come. It can target the enemy’s anti-missile systems, and its production marks a huge leap in the development of a new generation of missiles,” Hajizadeh pointed out.

Army chief: ‘Superpowers’ never dare to attack Iran; disintegration plans will fail

The chief commander of Iran’s Army says the enemies will fail to achieve their “ominous goal” to disintegrate the Islamic Republic.

On Sunday, Iran’s Defense Ministry unveiled the upgraded version of the domestically-designed and manufactured Bavar-373 (Belief-373) surface-to-air missile system, and inaugurated the production line of the long-range Sayad B4 missile.

“Bavar-373 system was initially capable of destroying targets at 200 kilometers and now the upgraded system, aiming to attack targets at very long ranges, [including] ballistic missiles, fighter aircraft, and bombers can destroy targets at 300 kilometers,” Iranian Defense Minister Brigadier General Mohammad Reza Ashtiani during the unveiling ceremony.

The missile system can engage up to six targets at a time and destroy them, he said, stressing that many technologically advanced countries aspire to possess such a system.

Iran unveils upgraded Bavar-373 missile system, launches Sayad B4 production line

The Iranian Defense Ministry unveils the upgraded version of the homegrown Bavar-373 (Belief-373) missile system and inaugurates the production line of the long-range Sayad B4 missile.

The Bavar-373 system detection radar was said to have increased from 350 to 450 kilometers, and the range of its engagement range has risen from 260 to 400 kilometers, the report added.

It also noted that the missile range has gone from 200 to 300 kilometers, and its engagement altitude has increased from 27 to 32 kilometers.

The report also announced the launching of the Sayad B4 missile’s production line (pictured below), saying the long-range missile, running on solid propellant, was operationally evaluated for the first time.

The Bavar-373 system was formally unveiled during a ceremony attended by former Iranian President Hassan Rouhani on August 22, 2019. It was reported at the time that the road-mobile system can detect targets or planes at more than 300 kilometers, lock them at about 250 kilometers, and destroy them at 200 kilometers.

Iran expands range of homegrown missile defense system, warns enemies of ‘harsh response’

Iran expands the operational range of its homegrown Bavar-373 surface-to-air missile system to 300 kilometers.

Iran for the first time employed the homegrown Bavar-373 missile defense system during a joint air defense exercise, codenamed ‘Guardians of Velayat Sky-99’, in late October 2020.

Iranian military experts and technicians have in recent years made substantial headway in manufacturing a broad range of indigenous equipment, making the armed forces self-sufficient in the arms sphere.

Iranian officials have repeatedly warned that the country will not hesitate to strengthen its military capabilities, including its missile power, which are entirely meant for defense, saying the Islamic Republic’s defense capabilities will be never subject to negotiations.

Press TV’s website can also be accessed at the following alternate addresses:

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Iran Develops First National Hypersonic Ballistic Missile – IRG Aerospace Commander

 November 10, 2022

By Staff, Agencies

Iran has successfully developed the first national hypersonic ballistic missile that breaches the enemies’ aerial defense systems, the commander of the Islamic Revolution Guard Aerospace Force, Brigadier General Amir Ali Hajizadeh said on Thursday.

The commander unveiled that Iran now possesses a type of hypersonic ballistic missile that is capable of maneuvering inside and outside the atmosphere of Earth, ruling out the possibility of manufacturing a missile or a technique that intercepts this type over several decades.

The new ballistic missile targets the enemies’ anti-missile systems, and is considered a major leap in this generation of this type of missiles, Hajizadeh underlined.

“This new missile will pass all missile defense verification systems, and I don’t think there will be technologies capable of resisting it for decades,” the Aerospace Force chief was quoted as saying by the Tasnim news agency.

The military official stressed that the new missile is a solution for the destruction of the enemy’s anti-missile systems. The development of such weapons represents a big leap in the country’s missile production, he underlined.

Earlier on Wednesday, General Hajizadeh said the significant progress of Iran’s defense power has become a challenge for the country’s enemies.

Referring to Iran’s significant progress in the fields of military and security, Hajizadeh said, “We did not seek to advance our work with conventional competitions in the countries of the world. We found short-cut solutions and reached results that have become a challenge for our enemies.”

“This model and method are not specific to military work and if you use it in any field, you will achieve success,” he stressed.


National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover

November 5, 2022

By News Agencies

National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover
National Day Against Global Arrogance: Iranians Stage Massive Nationwide Rallies to Mark US Embassy Takeover

Iranians marked the US embassy takeover anniversary with huge nationwide rallies. 

Aban 13 [November 4] is the National Day of Fighting Global Arrogance in Iran, on which Iranians gather in rallies to commemorate the day.

On Aban13, 1358 A.H. [Nov 4, 1979], Iranian students took over the US embassy in Tehran. On the same day the previous year, a group of Iranian high school and university students had been killed by the security forces of the Shah regime in a protest demonstration.

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US Embassy takeover in Iran and my arrest in NY protest in 1979

Friday, 04 November 2022 6:21 PM  [ Last Update: Friday, 04 November 2022 6:21 PM ]

By Mohsen Badakhsh
This day, 43 years ago, I was detained atop the Statue of Liberty in New York for taking part in a peaceful protest against the Jimmy Carter administration for hosting Mohammad Reza Pahlavi after the popular Islamic Revolution toppled the West-backed monarch.

The entire Liberty Island housing the France-gifted colossal neoclassical sculpture was immediately evacuated.

Six of us protesting against the US government’s decision chained ourselves to the statue while holding huge banners condemning Washington’s continued support for the ruthless despot.

We were soon arrested, strip-searched, handcuffed behind the back, and held in detention for over eight hours before being transferred to a jail in Manhattan.

The inhumane treatment meted out to us by the American police and the country’s legal system following the protest action, which coincided with the takeover of the US Embassy in Tehran, reinforced my belief that the exaggerated Western claims of upholding human rights were hollow.

I came to realize that the right to free speech and other so-called “liberties” outlined in the First Amendment were baseless publicity tools to advance the US military-industrial complex’s inhumane, discriminatory, and hegemonic ambitions across the globe.

The students who took over the US Embassy in Tehran – which later came to be known in Iran as the ‘Den of Espionage’ – exposed through classified documents found there that the sprawling compound located in the heart of the Iranian capital was used to orchestrate vicious coup plots to overthrow the nascent Islamic Republic.

The students later published the damning documents in the form of multi-volume books to reveal the sinister agenda of American “diplomats” stationed in Iran, but the incriminating documents were never allowed to be published in the United States.

After the evacuation of the island housing the Statue of Liberty, the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other US security and intelligence agencies tried to get us to unchain ourselves from the statue promising to set us free without charges.

We did comply, only to be firmly handcuffed and detained and held without food or water until being transferred in the evening to the Manhattan jail, where we decided to go on hunger strike in protest against the inhumane treatment meted out to us. We were placed in a dingy cell, where jail guards deliberately staged mocking moves to break our will by obnoxiously eating in front of us.

Eventually, we appeared in court and gave a bond to reappear for sentencing about a month later. We were slapped with a $50 fine and 6-month probation, which meant that we had to report to a police authority every month to prove we were behaving well.

Shortly after my return to Chicago — a major mid-western city where I lived and attended college – I found out that its City Council had submitted a proposal for deporting all Iranian students enrolled in colleges and universities across the city at the time.

I was asked by a group of fellow Iranian students to represent them at a hearing deliberating on the passage of the racist legislation. When I attended the sham hearing I was shocked to witness an American student-activist testifying against the proposal being harshly taunted by city aldermen (council members) with unbelievably obscene language and then brutally beaten and dragged out of the hearing room by police officers.

As I was awaiting my turn to testify and wondering about my fate after testifying, I simply started smiling at the mean-looking lawmakers, only to be cussed at angrily and asked “what the F— are you laughing at?”

I then decided to walk out of the room after reminding the city legislators that there was no point in testifying since their minds were already fixed on something.

I later learned that the draft proposal never became law because it defied every basic right outlined in the US Constitution under the preamble, “We the People”.

Today Iranians annually observe November 4 as the National Day Against Global Arrogance by taking part in demonstrations from the compound that formerly housed the US embassy in Tehran to recall what took place on this day back in 1979.

It’s still relevant as the US continues to interfere in the internal affairs of other nations, including Iran.

This year, the countrywide demonstrations drew a much larger crowd than in previous years with people from all walks of life denouncing the Western regimes for instigating deadly riots in the country through media and political campaigns to bring about a “regime change” in the Islamic Republic.

Iranians appear ever more determined to resist and rigorously campaign against all US-led ploys to meddle not only in their nation but the world over.
Mohsen Badakhsh is an educator and freelance journalist.

(The views expressed in this article are author’s own and do not necessarily reflect those of Press TV.)

Press TV’s website can also be accessed at the following alternate addresses:

Iran FM Terms Revenge for Gen. Soleimani as ’Absolute Responsibility’

Jully 23, 2022

By Staff, Agencies

Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir Abdollahian said revenge for the assassination of Iran’s celebrated anti-terror commander Lt. Gen. Qassem Soleimani is among the “absolute responsibilities” of the foreign ministry and other concerned organizations.

Amir Abdollahian made the remarks in an interview broadcast on state television Thursday evening while elaborating on the Sayyed Ebrahim Raesi-led administration’s foreign policy.

“The issue of General Soleimani will never be forgotten. The issue is so deep that even [Russian President Vladimir] Putin pointed to the important position and role of General Soleimani during his meetings with the Leader of the Islamic Revolution and the Iranian president,” the top diplomat said.

The foreign ministry, Amir Abdollahian noted, has beefed up a committee that follows up on international issues, adding that the judiciary branch is also seriously pursuing the case.

“We consider avenging the blood of Martyr Soleimani in legal, international, and political arenas and deem following up on the issue in all its aspects as our absolute responsibility,” he asserted.

General Soleimani, commander of the Quds Force of Iran’s Islamic Revolution Guard [IRG], and his Iraqi trenchmate Hajj Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, the second-in-command of Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Units [PMU], were martyred along with their companions in a US drone strike on January 3, 2020.

The strike near the Baghdad International Airport was authorized by then-President Donald Trump.

The two noted anti-terror commanders were tremendously respected and admired across the region for their instrumental role in fighting and decimating the Daesh [Arabic for ‘ISIS/ISIL’] Takfiri terrorist group in the region, particularly in Iraq and Syria.

In other remarks during the interview, Iran’s foreign minister said Saudi Arabia has shown readiness to advance the ongoing talks from security to the political sphere, after progress in the previous five rounds hosted by the Iraqi government.

He said the two sides have reached some agreements, including on re-opening embassies in their respective countries.

“Last week we received a message from Iraqi foreign minister [Fuad Hussein] saying that the Saudi side is ready to move the phase of talks from a security one to a political and public one,” said the minister.

“We also expressed our readiness to continue talks at the political level so that it leads to the return of Iran-Saudi Arabia ties to the normal level.”

Riyadh decided to sever diplomatic relations with Iran back in January 2016 after its embassy in Tehran was stormed by protestors who were enraged by the Saudi execution of prominent Shia cleric Sheikh Nimr Baqir al-Nimr.

There was no change in Riyadh’s confrontational policy towards Tehran until 2021 when it signaled an inclination to mend fractured ties with the Islamic Republic.

أوروبا دخلت الحرب على التوقيت الأميركيّ فهل تخرج أميركا منها على التوقيت الأوروبيّ؟

 الإثنين 27 حزيران 2022

ناصر قنديل

لم يكن التصعيد الأميركي الأوروبي بوجه إيران وصولاً الى تعليق المفاوضات في فيينا بشروط تعجيزية، واعتماد إجراءات عدائية عبر الوكالة الدولية للطاقة الذرية، معزولاً عن النظرة الأميركية الأوروبية لمفهوم الحرب الواحدة ضد روسيا والصين وإيران، بعد فشل محاولات الفصل بين الملفات، واحتواء أو إغراء أو ترهيب أي من اطراف المثلث الآسيوي الصاعد وصولاً الى تفكيك الحلف الثلاثي الذي يهدد الهيمنة الغربية. ومثل خط الصعود كان خط النزول، فالمبادرة الأوروبية المنسقة أميركياً نحو استئناف المسار التفاوضي بأفكار إيجابية مع إيران، هي تعبير شامل عن الخلاصات التي رسمتها موازين القوى، سواء في جبهة المواجهة مع روسيا أو مع الصين أو مع إيران.

يتباهى الرئيس الأميركي بأنه أسقط 30 سنة من الاستثمار الروسي على العلاقات المميزة مع أوروبا، وأثبت مناعة التحالف الأميركي الأوروبي، ودرجة تماسك حلف الناتو، لكنه لا يستطيع أن يتجاهل أن هذا الإنجاز الذي تجلى بنجاح أميركا في جر أوروبا وراءها وبتوقيتها لدخول الحرب الأوكرانية في مواجهة روسيا، يبقى مؤقتاً طالما أن الحفاظ على هذا التماسك الأميركي الأوروبي يستدعي ضبط إيقاع الخطوات الأميركية على حجم قدرة أوروبا على السير، وطالما أن الاستثمار الروسي على العلاقة مع أوروبا لم يكن حملة علاقات عامة، بل انطلاقاً من حقائق تفرضها الجغرافيا الاقتصادية وفي طليعتها حقيقة أن روسيا القريبة هي أفضل مورد للغاز والنفط لأوروبا، من زاوية المصلحة الأوروبية، وأن النجاح الأميركي أوروبياً مشروط بأحد أمرين: الأول هو الفوز برهان إسقاط روسيا بالضربة المالية القاضية عبر العقوبات، التي صمّمت لدفع الاقتصاد والنظام المالي في روسيا للانهيار، ما يضمن نهاية سريعة للحرب التي لا يمكن الرهان على الجانب العسكري الصرف للفوز بها، وعند الانهيار المالي الروسي يتحقق الخضوع الروسي للشروط الأميركية الأوروبية، كما كانت تقول الخطة المفترضة. والثاني هو النجاح بتأمين بدائل كافية وبأسعار معقولة توفر الطاقة لأوروبا، وجدول زمني مناسب مع تزامن الخروج من مصادر الطاقة الروسية، وعندها تتحضّر أوروبا للتأقلم مع حرب طويلة تستطيع تحمل تداعياتها.

فشل الرهانان الأميركيان، رغم سلاسة الانصياع الأوروبي، واقتربت ساعة الحقيقة، فقد شرعت روسيا بوقف ضخ الغاز، والمخزونات الأوروبية لا تكفي للحد الأدنى من حاجات ومتطلبات الشتاء المقبل، وقد امتلأت الغابات الأوروبية بالعائلات تحول أشجارها الى حطب، واستبدلت في البيوت تجهيزات التدفئة على الغاز بتلك القديمة على الحطب، وعاد الفحم الحجري رغم نسب التلوث المرتفعة التي يتسبّب بها للدخول على الكثير من أوجه الاستخدام الصناعي، والحديث على أعلى المستويات عن تناوب المصانع الكبرى على يومين للعمل في الأسبوع وإقفال صناعات لا تحتاج الأسواق الداخلية منتوجاتها المخصصة للتصدير ويمكن الاستغناء عنها، وبلغ ارتفاع الأسعار نسباً متصاعدة، تتراوح بين 50% و100%، وهي مرشحة للتزايد، ومعها الاضطرابات الاجتماعية والسياسيّة المقبلة، وأول المؤشرات جاءت من الانتخابات الفرنسية.

بالتوازي كشفت كل الاتصالات والمحاولات التجارية والسياسية لتأمين الغاز من مصادر أخرى أن سقف المتاح لا يغطي أكثر من 30% من حجم الغاز الروسي لأوروبا، 10% من أميركا بضعف السعر الرائج، و10% من قطر والجزائر، لكن بعد العام 2024، و10% من غاز شرق المتوسط، ودونه تعقيدات سياسية وأمنية، كحال الغاز المفروض استخراجه وضخه من بحر عكا والمرتبط بمستقبل ترسيم الحدود البحرية مع لبنان، وأمن الاستجرار عبر المتوسط، وكلها بأكلاف عالية والحاجة لاستثمارات ضخمة، وانتظار لشهور او سنوات، بينما لم يعد موضع نقاش أي رهان على تهاوي الاقتصاد الروسي او انهيار النظام المالي للنقد الروسي، فسعر صرف الروبل الذي استعاد مكانته بعد اهتزاز لم يدم لأكثر من ثلاثة ايام، يحقق ارباحاً تتخطى الـ 50% بالقياس لسعره قبل الحرب، عاكساً نهضة اقتصادية داخلية ونمواً متزايداً في قطاعات جديدة وفرتها عملية تشغيل البنى التحتية لمنشآت الشركات الغربية التي غادرت الأسواق الروسية بفعل العقوبات.

ساعة الحقيقة الأميركية هي الاختيار بين المضي قدماً في خيار المواجهة دون أوروبا، التي بدأت علامات الإعياء والإنهاك تظهر عليها، وبدأت الانقسامات تهدد وحدتها، وصارت فرضية انسحاب تدريجيّ لدولها من خيار المواجهة مطروحة على الطاولة. وهذا يعني فقدان زخم المواجهة، في لحظة تعاني هذه المواجهة أصلاً من العجز عن تحقيق تقدم، سواء في المسار العسكري، أو في المسار الاقتصادي، والانفصال الأميركي عن أوروبا يعني منح روسيا ربحاً استراتيجياً بتلقف هذه التشققات الأوروبية والتعامل معها، وتخلي الأميركي عما تباهى به من الحفاظ على تماسك أميركا وأوروبا معا، أو القبول باعتبار الحفاظ على الوحدة مع أوروبا يبقى الأمر الأهم في أولويات المرحلة المقبلة، وهذا يعني أنه كما دخلت أوروبا الحرب على التوقيت الأميركي، فقد آن أوان أن تبدأ أميركا بالاستعداد للخروج منها على التوقيت الأوروبي.

الاستجابة الأميركية للدعوة الأوروبية للعودة الى مسار التفاوض لإنقاذ الاتفاق النووي مع إيران، وقبول تقديم ما يوصف بالتنازلات المؤلمة لتحقيق هذا الهدف، هي تعبير عن مسار سيتكرر على الجبهة الأوكرانية بحديث مواز عن تنازلات مؤلمة على الغرب وأوكرانيا تقديمها، تحت شعار دفع خطر المجاعة عن البشرية، وقد بدأ الترويج لهذا الشعار تمهيداً لنقلات دراماتيكية في مسار الحرب الأوكرانية، والحملة البريطانية التحذيرية من إذلال أوكرانيا ليست إلا استباق لهذا المسار المقبل.

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انتخابات الكيان المبكّرة وعلم الاحتمالات

June 20, 2022

ناصر قنديل

في ظاهر الأمور جاء قرار الائتلاف الحاكم في الكيان بحل الكنيست والذهاب إلى انتخابات مبكرة يرجّح أن تجري في شهر تشرين الأول المقبل، تعبيراً عن تطوّرات المشهد السياسي الداخلي في الكيان، مع وجود حكومة تمزقها تناقضات مركبة بين مكوّناتها الآتية من أصناف اليمين واليسار، والتي تشكلت بأغلبية هزيلة، بعدما دنا موعد انتقال الرئاسة بين شركائها من ضفة اليمين الى ضفة يسار الوسط، من نفتالي بينيت إلى يائير لبيد، وفي ظل هشاشة الدعم النيابي الذي تلقاه بعدما بدأت الأغلبية بالتداعي، ووجود التحدي الدائم الذي يلوح به الخصم القوي بنيامين نتنياهو والذي يعرض على التصويت يوم غد الأربعاء لإجراء انتخابات مبكرة ويمكن لن يحصد أغلبية الكنيست، إذا صحت التقديرات بانتقال أكثر من نائب من ضفة الائتلاف الى ضفة نتنياهو، لكن هل هذا يكفي لتفسير قرار بحجم إدخال الكيان في حالة فراغ على مستوى القرار السياسي الأول في لحظات تبدو شديدة الدقة في تاريخه، حيث المواجهة مع قطاع غزة في تنامٍ، والمشهد في الضفة الغربية يتصاعد، والتوتر جمر تحت الرماد مع لبنان في ظل أزمة النفط والغاز وترسيم الحدود والبدء باستثمار حقل بحر عكا، بعد اتفاق أوروبي إسرائيلي على صفقة دسمة، بينما التحدي بين الكيان وإيران في ذروته، وكلها تحديات دفعت بالأحزاب للتفكير بحكومة وحدة وطنية في ظروف مشابهة؟

يمنح تزامن قرار الائتلاف الحاكم في الكيان مع التحضيرات الجارية لزيارة الرئيس الأميركي جو بايدن الى المنطقة، بعداً خاصاً، حيث كشفت التقارير الصحافية الأميركية والإسرائيلية عن ضغوط أميركية على الائتلاف الحاكم والمعارضة معاً لاستبعاد اندلاع أزمة حكومية، والذهاب لحل الكنيست، بهدف تمرير زيارة بايدن بعد أقل من شهر، بوجود حكومة كاملة المواصفات في الكيان، يمكن أن تتم الزيارة بوجودها وتكون ذات جدوى، خصوصاً أن ما كشف عن مضمون الزيارة يقول إن التعاون الخليجي الإسرائيلي في بناء شبكات موحّدة للرادارات تحت قيادة أميركية، يشكل أحد أهداف الزيارة، بينما رفعت بعض الصحف الإسرائيلية سقوف توقعاتها للقول إن زيارة بايدن تهدف للحصول على موافقة سعودية على التطبيع مع «إسرائيل» كثمن للاعتراف الأميركي بشرعية تولي ولي العهد السعودي للعرش في بلاده، ويجري الترويج لزيارة الرئيس الأميركي بصفتها تعبيراً عن انسداد الخيار التفاوضي بين واشنطن وطهران، وترجيح كلفة خيار المواجهة بينهما.

ثمة مؤشرات معاكسة يأخذها بعض المحللين ضمن دائرة الاحتمالات والفرضيّات، فالكلام الأميركي عن قرب امتلاك إيران لما يكفي لامتلاك قنبلة نووية وإرفاقه بالإعلان عن الاستعداد للعودة الى الاتفاق النووي، رغم إلقاء اللوم على إيران لتعثر التفاوض، بقي غير مفهوم الوظيفة في ظل التصعيد الأميركي بوجه إيران، وساء بحجز ناقلة النفط في اليونان وطائرة الركاب في الأرجنتين، أو التصعيد في مجلس حكام الوكالة الدولية للطاقة الذرية، ومثله الجواب الإيراني بتأكيد الجهوزية للعودة الى الاتفاق، وإلقاء اللوم على واشنطن في التعثر، في مناخ عالي السقف في الحديث عن الجهوزية لمواجهة أية اعتداءات إسرائيلية، واللغة القاسية في الرد على الوكالة الدولية، ما فتح الباب للحديث عن فرضية تقول بأن واشنطن وطهران تتجهان للتوقيع على الاتفاق. وهذا معنى تصريحات المستشار الإعلامي للوفد الإيراني في فيينا عن عدم وجود بند رفع العقوبات عن الحرس الثوري في الطلبات الإيرانية التفاوضية من جهة، وعدم استعداد إيران لتقديم أي تعهد بعدم ملاحقة المسؤولين الأميركيين عن اغتيال القائد قاسم سليماني، ووفقاً لهذه الفرضية فإن زيارة بايدن تهدف لتقديم ضمانات لـ«إسرائيل» بأنها لن تكون وحدها في حال تعرّضها للاستهداف من إيران، وأن واشنطن ستكون مسؤولة عن منظومة رادارات وتعمل في الخليج وترتبط بشبكة الباتريوت من القبة الحديدية التي تقودها واشنطن أصلاً داخل الكيان، وان الرئيس الأميركي بعد إنهاء هذه المهمة سيعتبر أنه بات طليق اليدين في العودة للتفاوض وصولاً لتوقيع الاتفاق مع إيران.

إذا صحت هذه الفرضية تكون الإطاحة الذاتية بالحكومة الائتلافية في الكيان، استباقاً وقائياً من مثل هذا الخيار، واعتماد الفراغ الحكومي في الكيان لتحقيق الفراغ التفاوضيّ بين واشنطن وطهران.

بين تراكم القوة وسياسة الإشغال تغيّرت معادلات كثيرة

الأحد 12 حزيران 2022

 حسين مرتضى

يُقال إنّ في السياسة لا توجد معادلات ثابتة، وإنّ المعادلات السياسية تتبدّل وفق المعادلات الميدانيّة، وكلّ تلك المعادلات ترتبط بالمشهد السياسي على مستوى المنطقة والإقليم والعالم.

في التحليل السياسي نجد بأنّ العالم انتقل من مرحلة القطب الواحد إلى مرحلة تعدّد الأقطاب، وهناك محوران رئيسيان حالياً على الساحة الدولية.

قد تشتبك الملفات السياسية والميدانية وتزداد تعقيداً وفق التطورات الأخيرة، وهنا نؤكد أنّ هناك تطوّراً لافتاً في عدد من الملفات أبرزها الملف النووي الإيراني واللافت فيه أن تعود الوكالة الدولية بتقاريرها الفنية حول البرنامج النووي الإيراني إلى نقطة البداية في الوقت الذي اعتقد الكثير من المتابعين والمراقبين خلال الأشهر الماضية أنّ الاتفاق النووي قد حُسم أمره، وأنّ التوقيع هو مسألة ساعات فقط بعد سلسلة من الاجتماعات واللقاءات التي عُقدت بين إيران والدول الأوروبية وبمشاركة الإدارة الأميركية من خلف الجدران.

بشكل مفاجئ تمّ تجميد الملف النووي الإيراني كما تجمّدت الكثير من الملفات في المنطقة، في وقت استمرّ فيه كيان الاحتلال «الإسرائيلي» بتنفيذ عدة عمليات اغتيال منها ما تمّ تنفيذه داخل طهران، بالإضافة الى الاستعداد ضمن مناورات جوية وغيرها تحاكي واقع تنفيذ ضربة عسكرية للجمهورية الإسلامية الإيرانية.

لا نريد هنا أن نتحدث كثيراً عن الملفات الأخرى لا إنْ كان ما له علاقة باللقاءات والاجتماعات الإيرانية السعودية والتي خفت وتيرتها مؤخراً. ولا على صعيد العدوان على اليمن والهدنة الكاذبة التي لم تغيّر من معاناة أهل اليمن شيئاً، وصولاً الى الواقع الميداني السياسي على الساحة السورية والذي برزت فيه محاولة تحريك المنطقة الجنوبية والمنطقة الشمالية إضافة إلى تسخين المنطقة الشرقية بهدف خلط الأوراق على الساحة السورية في ظلّ الواقع السياسي الجديد المرتبط بالملف الروسي ـ الأوكراني.

لكن ما يمكن ان نقوله هنا انطلاقاً من بعض المعطيات، هل ستبقى سياسة تراكم القوة هي العامل الأساس في خلق التوازن في المنطقة؟ او انّ الاعتماد على قاعدة جديدة ردعية تعطي رسائل يكون مفعولها فورياً ومؤثراً أكثر؟ أعتقد أنه من المهمّ في مكان ما أن تتبدّل هذه القاعدة وان تتغيّر قواعد الاشتباك إنْ كان هذا الاشتباك مع الأميركي مباشرة او حتى مع كيان الاحتلال وما بينهما من دول هي أدوات للسياسات الأميركية في المنطقة، قاعدة تراكم القوّة يمكن ان تتعرّض في لحظة ما لنكسة أو هجوم يُفقد المحور هذه المعادلة بينما معادلة الإشغال غير المباشر وحتى المباشر في بعض المرات تصبح الأهمّ في فرض الكثير من هذه المتغيّرات والمعادلات، وحتى لا تبقى سياسة امتصاص الصدمات تحت قاعدة تراكم القوّة يجب ان يكون هناك في المرحلة المقبلة وليست بالبعيدة العمل باستراتيجية علنية يفهم من خلالها العدو أنّ هناك معادلة جديدة سيتمّ اعتمادها والعمل بها وعليك أن تستعدّ وتترقّب…

ايران قد ترفع نسبة التخصيب إلى 90%!

الخميس 7 نيسان 2022

 ناصر قنديل

خلال شهرين ماضيين وصلت مفاوضات فيينا حول الاتفاق النووي مع إيران الى نقطة شبه نهائيّة ما قبل التوقيع، وبدا أن الأمور في دائرة تحديد موعد لإقفال هذا الملف، والمعادلة التي تجعل الاتفاق حتمياً تركزت على نقطتين، الأولى أن كل الرهانات على وسائل أخرى غير الاتفاق لمنع تقدّم إيران نووياً نحو عتبة حرجة تتمثل بامتلاك ما يكفي من اليورانيوم المخصب على درجة عالية لإنتاج قنبلة نووية، وصلت الى طريق مسدود. فهذه الطرق رغم فاعليتها في إزعاج إيران بقيت دون القدرة على إعاقة إيران فعلياً عن التقدم الثابت نحو هذه العتبة الحرجة، وفقاً للوثائق الأميركية والإسرائيلية، والثانية أن الزمن يعمل لصالح إيران التي تتقدّم بثبات نحو هذه العتبة، ولا بدّ من دفع ثمن يستطيع إقناعها بالتوقف والعودة إلى التزاماتها بموجب الاتفاق، وهي التزامات تتكفل وفقاً لإجماع الأميركيين على جعل إيران بعيدة مدة سنة على الأقل عن هذه العتبة، من تاريخ خروجها من هذه الالتزامات.

ضبط الأميركيون مواقف حلفائهم، وخصوصاً السعودي والإسرائيلي، لجهة التسليم باستحالة فرض ملفات تفاوضية على إيران، تدمج بالملف النووي، كملف سلاحها الصاروخي أو ملف تحالفاتها في المنطقة مع قوى المقاومة، ويدرك حلفاء واشنطن أن غضبهم لن يقدّم ولن يؤخر، لأنهم لم يستطيعوا تقديم بدائل لواشنطن عن العودة للاتفاق، وقد منحتهم الفرص الكثيرة لإثبات العكس، من حرب اليمن الى اطلاق اليد للعبث الأمني في الداخل الإيراني، إلى الضغط في لبنان، ومعركة بين حربين في سورية، واللعب بالتوازنات السياسية في العراق، فتحققت نتائج تكتيكية على حساب محور المقاومة في بعض الملفات، وأصيبت خطط أخرى بالفشل، لكن الناتج الإجمالي بقي على قاعدة أن محور المقاومة إلى صعود وخصومه إلى تراجع، وأن إيران تثبت صمودها، وتتقدّم في ملفها النووي.

– مع بداية حرب أوكرانيا وتحوّلها حرباً روسية أميركية، ظهر التداخل بينها وبين مفاوضات فيينا من زاويتين، روسية وأميركية. الزاوية الروسية ظهرت بشرط موسكو للمضي قدماً بمسار فيينا بتلقيها ضمانات أميركية خطية حول عدم شمول تعاملاتها مع إيران بالعقوبات التي فرضت عليها إثر حرب أوكرانيا، ونجح التفاهم الروسي الإيراني بتفكيك هذه العقبة ومنع الأميركيين من استغلالها لتعطيل المسار. أما الزاوية الأميركية فقد كانت مزدوجة ومتعاكسة، فمن جهة دفعت الحاجة لمواجهة أزمة النفط والغاز الناجمة عن العقوبات على روسيا بالأوساط الأميركية المعنية بمعالجة هذه الأزمة الى الضغط لتسريع التفاهم مع إيران بصفتها منتجاً مهماً يمكن لعودته الى السوق ان تخفف من وطأة الأزمة، ومن جهة مقابلة أظهر التيار المتشدد في الإدارة والكونغرس مخاوفه من أن يكون المشهد الدولي والإقليمي ذاهباً لمواجهة تصطف فيها إيران وروسيا والصين في جبهة واحدة بوجه الغرب بقيادة أميركا، ما يطرح السؤال عن جدوى تزويد إيران بمقدرات مالية سرعان ما سيتم الزج بها في هذه المواجهة، كما تقول تجربة الحرب على سورية، عندما وظفت إيران عائدات الاتفاق النووي عام 2015 للمضي قدماً في الحسم في معركة حلب بالتعاون مع روسيا، التي جاءت الى سورية بالتوافق مع إيران، على أولوية هذه المعركة على مستقبل الاتفاق مع واشنطن.

خلال أسابيع معارك أوكرانيا تراجع العامل النفطي الضاغط، ليس لعدم أهميته، بل لأن أهميته الشديدة أتاحت لإيران العودة الى الأسواق كما كانت قبل الانسحاب الأميركي من الاتفاق النووي والعودة للعقوبات، بمعدل يقارب عتبة الـ 4 ملايين برميل يومياً، ولم تعد العودة للاتفاق النووي شرطاً ضرورياً لانضمام إيران إلى أسواق النفط والغاز، وخلال هذه الأسابيع أعدت مسودة للاتفاق في فيينا، وبقي بند أساسي واحد عالق عنوانه رفع العقوبات عن الحرس الثوري، والضغط السياسي والإعلامي في الداخل الأميركي يرتفع للتشدد في هذا البند الذي بات خطاً أحمر لإيران، بحيث عادت الأصوات المشككة بإمكانية السير نحو العودة للاتفاق.

في إيران هناك أصوات فاعلة ومقررة تقول إن زمن التريث انتهى، وإن مهلة كافية للتفاوض قد منحت، وإن إيران التي تقاتل ضمن جبهة تفكيك الهيمنة الأميركية معنية بالانخراط في هذه الجبهة بقوة، وإن إيران لم تعد تحتاج الاتفاق للعودة إلى أسواق النفط والغاز، ولذلك يجب العودة إلى رفع نسب التخصيب إلى 90%، وإن على واشنطن أن تأكل أصابعها ندماً على الفرصة الضائعة!

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مقالات متعلقة

‘Israel’ Nearing Dark Destiny: Hezbollah War Necessitates Wartime Haven in Greece or Uganda

March 18, 2022

The Israeli media outlets continued reflecting the case of frustration prevailing in the occupation entity in light of the latest developments ‘locally’, regionally and internationally.

to begin with, Mossad chief appears in the worst situation of weakness after a cyber attack hacked his personal laptop, which exposes the electronic security of all the Israelis.

Moreover, the Iranian missile attack on the Zionist intelligence sites in Erbil and Tehran determination to strike again of the Mossad posts remain in Kurdistan indicate that Iran is engaging in a wider military confrontation with ‘Israel’.

Meanwhile, the United States is heading towards rejoining the Iranian nuclear, which would give Tehran an opportunity to improve its capabilities in the various fields of confrontation with Tel Aviv.

Last but not least, the scenes of the refugees escaping the war in Ukraine abandoned by the West have augmented the Israelis’ fear of a similar destiny in case of any war with the Resistance.

Amid such developments, Zionist politicians and journalists started proposing purchasing deterred territories in Greece and Uganda in order to evacuate the settlers into them during the war.

Source: Al-Manar English Website


Sanctions against Iran Sign of US’ Imprudence, Weakness: AEOI Chief

 February 7, 2022

Mohammad Eslami, new head of Iran’s nuclear agency (AEOI) talks on stage at the International Atomic Energy’s (IAEA) General Conference in Vienna, Austria, Monday, Sept. 20, 2021. (AP Photo/Lisa Leutner)

Head of Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Mohammad Eslami said that US sanctions against the Islamic Republic and its peaceful nuclear program show its imprudence and weakness in foreign policy.

Eslami hailed Iranian scientists and their efforts for the development of Iran in a note posted on social media on Monday, Mehr news agency repored.

Referring to the Atomic Energy Organization’s activities in the production of radiopharmaceuticals, he said, “One of the most important parts of the industry is the production of diagnostic and therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals.”

“Nuclear medicine is one of the main examples of the use of nuclear energy and nuclear knowledge, which, thanks to the efforts of Iranian experts, the country now does not need any imports in this field,” he added.

With the production of more than fifty types of radiopharmaceutical products in line with the world’s standards, Iran is ranked first in the region in the field of radiopharmaceuticals and nuclear medicine, the AEOI chief noted.

He also pointed to the oppressive sanctions from some countries around the world on Iran’s peaceful nuclear energy, saying that the US sanctions against Iran and its peaceful nuclear program show its imprudence and weakness in foreign policy.

Source: Iranian media

Imam Khamenei Hails Iranian Producers’ Struggle amid Sanctions as One of the Greatest Acts of Worship

Jan 31 2022

By Staff, Agencies

Leader of the Islamic Revolution His Eminence Imam Sayyed Ali Khamenei said the enemies are waging a war against Iran’s economy in order to bring it to collapse and pit the people against the establishment.

“The goal of the enemies in this war has been the collapse of the Iranian economy; that was their intention. Now, the collapse of the economy was, of course, a prelude in order to set the people against the Islamic Republic by destroying the Iranian economy and to carry out their malicious political intentions in this way,” Imam Khamenei said in an address to a group of Iranian producers and entrepreneurs in Tehran on Sunday.

His Eminence hailed Iranian producers, entrepreneurs and workers as “officers” of the battle against the enemies’ economic war.  

“The country’s stronghold of production and economy is alive; thank God, it is standing. The army that stood against the enemy – the officers of this holy defense – were the entrepreneurs and capable economic managers. Its warriors were also workers. The workers were the sincere and earnest warriors of this battle. You and all economic actors share in this honor of preserving the country’s economy,” the Leader said.

Imam Khamenei reiterated his oft-repeated line that officials should not tie the country’s economy to the results of negotiations currently underway in Vienna to remove US sanctions on Iran.

His Eminence described production as struggle in the path of Allah, which is known as the principle of jihad in Islam.

“The resistance of the producers against the attack on the economy and the enemy’s efforts to prevent the sale of oil and gas and cut foreign exchange resources and against its plans to block Iran’s foreign trade is in fact jihad and one of the greatest acts of worship,” Imam Khamenei underscored.

The enemy’s plans to “conquer the production stronghold” of Iran as part of its economic war on the country have failed,” His Eminence added.

“In this onslaught on the country’s economy, there were problems in people’s livelihoods, but the production sector did not come to its knees, and a US State Department spokesman explicitly stated a few days ago that the policy of maximum pressure had led to the tragic defeat of the United States.”

Imam Khamenei was apparently referring to US State Department spokesman Ned Price who said last Tuesday that the “maximum pressure” campaign against Iran, initiated by the Trump administration and maintained by the Biden administration, has been an “abject failure.”

The Leader underscored that Iran’s economy needs a leap in production to overcome problems and remain immune to internal and external shocks.

“A jump in production leads to improved economic indicators such as sustainable employment, export boom, foreign exchange earnings and lower inflation. It leads to national self-confidence that is a guarantor of national dignity and security.”

Ayatollah Khamenei touched on Iran’s great potentials and vast possibilities as acknowledged by domestic and foreign experts, saying “if efficient, hard-working and caring managers use these capacities correctly, the situation will certainly be many times different.”

He said the cause of economic problems in the country is not solely the sanctions, but wrong decisions and dereliction on the part of officials are behind many of the problems.

Imam Khamenei also said he is generally not opposed to the participation of foreign companies in Iranian projects, but believes domestic knowledge-based companies can meet the country’s needs in large industries such as oil.

“Therefore, it should not be assumed that the advancement of technology in various industries depends only on the presence of foreign companies,” he said.

Thousands of small and medium-sized knowledge-based companies have been established in Iran in recent years, but the knowledge-based nature of large industries has been neglected, His Eminence added.

“The ability and knowledge of talented young people should be used in this field, just as whenever young people were trusted and given tasks from developing coronavirus vaccines to precision missiles, they really shone,” Imam Khamenei said.

“Our talented young people have also done outstanding work in the field of nanotechnology, stem cells and biotechnology and shown that ‘Iranian youth can’.”

Biden: Iran Nuclear Talks Advancing, Not Time To Give Up

Jan 20 2022

BY Staff, Agencies

US President Joe Biden said Wednesday that it is “not time to give up” on the Vienna talks aimed at reviving the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran.

“It’s not time to give up,” Biden said at a press conference to mark his first year in the White House.

“There is some progress being made,” he said.

“P5+1 are on the same page but it remains to be seen,” Biden said in a reference to the nations taking part in the negotiations in Vienna.

Talks to restore the 2015 accord between Tehran and world powers — United States, France, Britain, Russia, China, and Germany — began last year but stopped in June after the election of the administration of Iranian President Sayyed Ebrahim Raisi.

The talks resumed in November.

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken claimed last week that there were only “a few weeks left” to save the Iran nuclear deal, and the United States is ready to look at “other options” if the talks fail.

The 2015 deal offered Iran relief from some sanctions that have crippled its economy, in return for curbs on its nuclear program.

Then-president Donald Trump’s unilateral withdrawal from the deal in 2018 prompted Tehran to walk back on its commitments.

بعد كازاخستان… حسم أمر الاتفاق النووي

 ناصر قنديل

لم يفصل الأميركيون ومن خلفهم كلّ الجسم النخبوي الثقافي في الغرب بين مفاوضات الملف النووي الإيراني، وموازين القوى السياسية والعسكرية في الصراع الدائر على مساحة العالم عموماً وخصوصاً حول آسيا، وبمثل ما شكل الانسحاب الأميركي من أفغانستان نقطة تحوّل في هذه الموازين لصالح إيران وحلفائها، جاءت أحداث كازاخستان محاولة لتعديل معاكس لهذه الموازين، فالوقائع المتجمعة لدى القيادة الروسية والتي بحوزة حلفاء روسيا وفي طليعتهم إيران والصين، والتي نشر بعضها في وسائل إعلام روسية وأوروبية وأميركية وإيرانية، تكشف أنّ ما جرى كان حصيلة تعاون استخباري أميركي بريطاني تركي، جمع بين تحريك جماعات مسلحة ومنظمات المجتمع المدني، لوضع اليد على العاصمة الكازاخية، والحديث يدور عن البلد الذي يحتلّ موقعاً شديد التأثير على الجغرافيا السياسية التي تفصل روسيا عن إيران وتفصلهما عن الصين، وتختزن ثروات استراتيجية هائلة، وتملك فيها أميركا و”إسرائيل” محطات أمنية وعسكرية تستهدف إيران وروسيا والصين.

بالمقارنة مع سورية توقع الأميركيون أن تستمرّ الأحداث في كازاخستان أسابيع وشهوراً في بعدها المحلي، وأن تحتلّ مكانة إعلامية وسياسية تتيح تحويلها الى منصة لتوجيه الرسائل الأمنية والسياسية والتفاوضية، وبالمقارنة مع سورية توقع الأميركي أن تحتاج موسكو الى شهور وسنوات حتى تتخذ قرار التدخل المباشر، فقاموا بتسريع روزنامة التحرك لفرض أمر واقع خلال الأسابيع الأولى ينهي أمر السيطرة على العاصمة، ويضع معادلة جديدة يصعب كسرها لاحقاً، فاتحين الباب لحركة روسية مشابهة التي جرت في أوكرانيا، أيّ اقتطاع روسيا لمقاطعات على حدودها تشكل حزاماً لأمنها، وبنوا استراتجيتهم لكازاخستان على الجمع بين دروس كلّ من تجربتي سورية وأوكرانيا.

في المقابل أظهرت القيادة الروسية أنها تعلمت من التجربتين الكثير من الدروس، وأولها عدم أخذ الحراك الشعبي بعين البراءة وحسن النية عندما يجري في توقيت سياسي شديد الحساسية وفي ساحات ذات أهمية استراتيجية، والثاني هو إعطاء الأولوية لفتح الملفات الاستخبارية لفهم ما يجري بالتعرّف على هوية المجموعات التي تقود الحراك واتخاذ القرار على أساسها، والثالث هو أنّ نموذجي سورية وأوكرانيا لترجمة التوجهات الروسية سجلا نجاحاً نسبياً كان يمكن أن يكون كاملاً لو لم يتمّ منح الوقت الكافي للغرب لترجمة توجهاته بالزجّ بقوى خارجية حكومية وغير حكومية قادرة على فرض أمر واقع جغرافي كما حدث في سورية، أو فرض أمر واقع سياسي في العاصمة كما حدث في أوكرانيا، والدرس الرابع هو التوجس من الدور التركي ولعبه لأدوار متعددة تحت العباءات المختلفة الألوان، ورهانه المستمر على خلق وقائع تغيّر من موازين دوره في سورية بوجه روسيا وإيران.

انطلاقاً من هذه الدروس قامت موسكو بحسم قرار التحرك الاستباقي خلال ساعات، وشكل هذا التموضع أساساً لحسم سريع لما كان مخططا، وفرضت موازين قوى غيّرت حال الازدواج التي كانت تعيشها كازاخستان، فتدحرج الحسم الميداني ليصبح حسما سياسياً واستخبارياً مع الامتدادات التي كانت مخزوناً احتياطياً أميركياً وتركياً و”إسرائيلياً”، فصارت المعركة التي خاضها الأميركيون لفرض معادلة جديدة مدخلاً لمعادلة عكسية، وأهمّ نتائج التسريع الذي فرضته المتغيّرات في الموازين على مسار التفاوض حول الملف النووي الإيراني الجارية في فيينا لصالح قبول العودة الى الاتفاق بشروط ترضي إيران، أنه يحسم أمر قرار واشنطن الإستراتيجي بأولوية مصالحها على حساب مصالح حلفائها، وفي مقدمتها المصالح “الإسرائيلية”.

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Iran Redefining Regional Geopolitics, Ranking General Says

January 5, 2022

Top Military Aide to the Iranian Leader Major General Yahya Rahim Safavi


A high-ranking Iranian general said the Islamic Republic and the resistance front have reshaped the geopolitics in the region.

In an address to the International Conference on Iran and Neighbors on Tuesday, Major General Yahya Rahim Safavi, the top military adviser to Leader of the Islamic Revolution Imam Sayyed Ali Khamenei, said the current century will witness the Muslim world as a new pole of power with a cultural, civilizational, economic, and demographic nature that would put up great resistance against Western and Eastern powers.

The geopolitics of resistance means “changing the social, cultural (religious), economic, and military structures and processes of the Islamic Ummah (community) so as to gain freedom and independence and form the Islamic world’s power in competition with the dominating powers of the West and East at various national, regional, and global levels,” Rahim Safavi said, Press TV reported.

“The flag-bearer of this new geopolitics is the Islamic Revolution forces, the Islamic Awakening movements and the Resistance Front led by the Leader of the Islamic Revolution and the late founder of the Islamic Republic (Imam Khomeini),” he added.

Rahim Safavi also noted that following the 1979 Islamic Revolution, the resistance focused on the issue of Palestine and the Zionist regime’s aggression and occupation, followed by the struggle against corrupt and oppressive governments in Islamic countries.

He also stressed Iran’s role in presenting and institutionalizing the concept of resistance after the former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein’s imposed war against Iran in the 1980s.

The commander further cited Lebanon’s Hezbollah resistance movement, Palestinian resistance groups, Iraq, and Syria as members of a new resistance bloc, saying, “With the birth of the Ansarullah movement in Yemen, this bloc or axis is having another official member today.”

“In fact, what has made the United States angry with the Islamic Republic is the process of generating power in Iran’s regional politics. This power has been created in the first layer in West Asia with the wise and courageous leadership of the Leader of the Islamic Revolution and the role of the Quds Force in the battlefield under the command of the martyred general, Qassem Suleimani,” he said.

“In parallel with the advent of the new arrangement or order led by the Islamic Republic in West Asia, based on the shared goal of countering American hegemony, Latin American countries, including Venezuela, Cuba, and Peru, have also strengthened their ties with the resistance front,” the general stated.

Source: Agencies

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