Weekly report on israel’s terrorism against the State of Palestine (18-24 May 2017)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory 

Israeli forces continue systematic crimes in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt)

(18-24 May 2017)

  

  • Israeli forces killed a Palestinian child while a girl succumbed to her wounds in Bethlehem.
  • A Palestinian civilian was killed and a photojournalist was wounded by a settler in Howarah village, south of Nablus.
  • 46 Palestinian civilians, including 12 children and 2 women, were wounded in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
  • Israeli forces conducted 48 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 11 limited ones in Jerusalem.
  • 94 civilians, including 32 children and a wounded young woman, were arrested.
  • Forty-one of them, including 18 children, were arrested in Jerusalem, while 19 others, including 9 children, were arrested during peaceful protests.
  • Israeli forces continued settlement activities in the West Bank.
  • The settlers set fire to a tractor in Burin village, south of Nablus.
  • Hundreds of settlers stormed al-Qsa Mosque yards while the Israeli soldiers attacked the Mosque’s guards.
  • Israeli forces continued to target the Palestinian fishermen in the Gaza Strip Sea.
  • Israeli forces turned the West Bank into cantons and continued to impose the illegal closure on the Gaza Strip for the 10th
  • Dozens of temporary checkpoints were established in the West Bank and others were re-established to obstruct the movement of Palestinian civilians.
  • 8 civilians, including 6 children, were arrested at military checkpoints in the West Bank.

 

 

Summary

Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period (18-24 May 2017).

 

Shooting:

During the reporting period, Israeli forces killed a Palestinian child at the Container checkpoint, northeast of Bethlehem, while a girl from Beit Fajjar, south of the city, succumbed to her wounds. Moreover, a civilian was killed and a photojournalist was wounded by a settler during a peaceful protest in Howarah village, south of Nablus. They also wounded 46 Palestinian civilians, including 12 children and 3 women. Thirty-three of them, including 10 children, were wounded in the West Bank while 13 others, including 2 children, were wounded in the Gaza Strip. In the Gaza Strip, the Israeli naval forces continued to chase and open fire at the Palestinian fishermen in the sea. Israeli forces also continued to open fire at farmers in the border areas.

 

In the West Bank, in excessive use of force, on 18 May 2017, a settler killed a Palestinian civilian and wounded a photojournalist. The aforementioned civilian was wounded when the settler opened fire at Palestinian protesters crossing Nabus-Ramallah Street in Howarah village, south of Nablus.

 

In another crimes of excessive use of force, on 22 May 2016, Israeli forces stationed at the Container checkpoint on al-Nar road, northeast of Bethlehem, killed a Palestinian child and claimed that he attempted to carry out a stab attack. It should be noted that the West Bank cities witnessed on the abovementioned day a strike in all aspects of life, therefore, there was no eyewitness to approve or disprove the Israeli claim.

 

On 20 May 2017, Fatima Taqatqa (16), from Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem, succumbed to her wounds according to Palestinian medical sources. The girl was wounded on 15 March 2017 with a bullet to the head when Israeli forces opened fire at her at “Gosh Etzion” settlement intersection, south of the city.

 

In the same context, the majority of the West Bank cities witnessed protests in solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike in the Israeli jails. Israeli forces used force against these protests and other protests against the annexation wall and settlement activities. As a result, 46 Palestinian civilians, including 12 children were wounded. Twenty-three of them sustained live bullet wounds and the 23 others sustained metal bullet wounds, in addition to the photojournalist that was wounded as a settler opened fire at him as mentioned above. The injuries were as follows:

 

  • Protests in solidarity with the prisoners: 40 civilians were wounded, including 10 children. Twenty two of them were wounded with live bullets, 18 others were wounded with metal bullets. Twenty seven of them, including 8 children, were wounded in the West Bank while 13 others, including 2 children, were wounded in the Gaza Strip.
  • Weekly protests against the annexation wall and settlement activities: 5 civilians, including 2 children, were wounded with metal bullets.
  • At military checkpoints: a young woman was wounded and then arrested.

 

Israeli forces directly targeted ambulances and press crews. As a result, a Palestinian Medical Relief ambulance sustained damage at the western entrance to Beit Foreek village, east of Nablus.

 

In the Gaza Strip, concerning Israeli attacks on fishermen in the Gaza Strip Sea, on 21 May 2017, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Shati’ refugee camp, west of Gaza City, opened fire at the Palestinian fishermen sailing within 4 nautical miles. No casualties were reported.

 

On 22 May 2017, Israeli gunboats stationed off Rafah shore, south of the Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at fishing boats (twice) and chased them. no casualties were reported as well.

 

Concerning attacks on the border area, on 24 May 2017, Israeli forces stationed in watchtowers, east of al-Zaitoun area, southeast of Gaza City, opened fire sporadically at the lands adjacent to the border area. neither casualties nor material damage were reported.

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 48 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank, and 11 others into Jerusalem and its suburbs  During these incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 75 Palestinian civilians, including 23 children. Forty-one of them, including 18 children, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem and its suburbs, while 19 civilians, including 9 children, were arrested while participating in protests supporting the Palestinian prisoners. The number of arrested persons this week raises to 94, including 32 children.

 

Settlement activities

 

On 19 May 2017, 2 settlers set fire to a bulldozer at the main entrance to Burin village, south of Nablus. They wrote slogans on the walls in Hebrew signed with “Price Tag”.

 

On 21 May 2017, a group of settlers attacked the eastern part of Burin village, south of Nablus. They attempted to stop the power supply to that area and to attack a number of houses.

 

On 22 May 2017, a number of settlers gathered in the center of Howara village, south of Nablus. They rioted in the streets until late night.

 

Regarding settler attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property in Jerusalem, on 24 May 2017, hundreds of settlers unprecedentedly stormed al-Aqsa Mosque yards in the Old City upon calls to celebrate 50 years of Israeli occupation of the city. During the raid, Israeli forces harshly beat the Islamic Endowments (Awqaf) officers and arrested 3 guards after beating them as well.

 

Restrictions on movement:

 

Israel continued to impose a tight closure of the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

The illegal closure of the Gaza Strip, which has been steadily tightened since June 2007 has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.  The Israeli authorities impose measures to undermine the freedom of trade, including the basic needs for the Gaza Strip population and the agricultural and industrial products to be exported. For 9 consecutive years, Israel has tightened the land and naval closure to isolate the Gaza Strip from the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, and other countries around the world. This resulted in grave violations of the economic, social and cultural rights and a deterioration of living conditions for 2 million people.  The Israeli authorities have established Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) as the sole crossing for imports and exports in order to exercise its control over the Gaza Strip’s economy.  They also aim at imposing a complete ban on the Gaza Strip’s exports. The Israeli closure raised the rate of poverty to 65%. Moreover, the rate of unemployment increased up to 47% and youth constitutes 65% of the unemployed persons.  Moreover, 80% of the Gaza Strip population depends on international aid to secure their minimum daily needs. These rates indicate the unprecedented economic deterioration in the Gaza Strip.

 

In the West Bank, Israeli forces continued to suffocate the Palestinian cities and village by imposing military checkpoints around and/or between them. This created “cantons” isolated from each other that hinders the movement of civilians. Moreover, the Palestinian civilians suffering aggravated because of the annexation wall and checkpoints erected on daily basis to catch Palestinians.

 

Details

 

  1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas, and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 18 May 2017

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into the southern area in Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to prisoner Hatem Mahmoud al-Jamal (46), who is sentenced to life. They then withdrew, but no arrests were reported.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Beit ‘Awa village, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in al-Semiyah neighborhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mo’tasem Naser Abu Thare’i (23) and then arrested him.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Tubas and stationed in the vicinity of al-Shifa Medical Center of the Health Work Committees at the southern entrance to the city. They topped the house roof and turned it into a military watchtower until the morning.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Mansher, west of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Anas Amir Abdul ‘Aziz Rasras (53), locked the family members in a room and then questioned Anas and his wife on the spot about a sum of money. The soldiers then confiscated Ana’s car that cost NIS 94,000. Anas Rasras said to PCHR’s fieldworker that after the soldiers withdrew, they family lost a sum of money of about NIS 700 and 2 cell phones that belong to his sons.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Um Rokbah area, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Qusai Omer Sbaih (18) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested ‘Alaa’ Nasri Taqatqa (24) and Mahdi Salah Taqatqa (22).

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Surif village, northwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Malek Mohammed al-Hour (21) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into several neighborhoods in Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested 3 civilians namely Omer Abdul Qader Abu ‘Aisah (55), who was arrested from his house in al-Duhdah area, Murad Sa’di Qawasmah (33) and Ma’moun Husain al-Natshah (36), who were arrested from their houses in Abu Katilah neighborhood.

 

  • At approximately 10:30, Israeli forces moved into ‘Aboud village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ahmed Husain al-Sabti (23) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 18:30, following the protest that was organized in Howarah village, south of Nablus, an Israeli Intelligence officer introduced himself as “Captain Tareq” called Jamal Mohammed ‘Aref Shalu, one of al-Walid Bus Company. The officer asked Jamal if he owns the bus driven by the terrorists to Howarah village. Jamal said: “Yes and I drove elderly persons in it”, without using the word terrorists. The officer ordered him to bring the bus to Howarah checkpoint and threatened him if he did not follow his orders, the officer will confiscate all the company buses. Mustafa Zaid Shalu Jamal’s nephew, stepped into the bus and took it to the abovementioned checkpoint, which was closed. The officer, who was waiting for him, ordered him through loudspeakers to move the bus towards Howarah military camp. The officer then kept the bus in custody and handed Mustafa a legal notice confirming it was kept in custody for “transporting terrorists to an illegal organization.”

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: al-Thaheriyah and Ethna villages, south of Hebron and Kafer al-Deek village, west of Salfit.

 

 

Friday, 19 May 2017

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into ‘Aqraba village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Yusuf Mousa Deriyah (48), an ambulance officer. They then arrested him and confiscated the ambulance, which belongs to ‘Aqraba municipality. The Israeli forces accused Yusuf that he used the ambulance to hinder the movement of an Israeli settler’s car. It should be noted that the settler ran over Palestinian civilians and opened fire at a civilian and journalist, causing the death of the civilian and injury to the journalist in Howarah village, south of the city.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Beta village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ahmed Abdul Karim Duwaikat (21) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Deir Netham village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Raja’i Abdul Ra’ouf al-Khatib (17).

 

  • At approximately 23:30, Israeli force moved into ‘Ein Yabrub village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched a secondary school for boys. They confiscated a surveillance camera and then withdrew.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (5) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: ‘Azoun village, east of Qalqiliyah; Joyous village, northeast of the city; Ethna, Beit Awla and al-Burj villages in Hebron.

 

Saturday, 20 May 2017

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into ‘Aydah refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ya’qoub Hammad Hammad (22) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Shuweikah Suburb, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested 3 civilians namely Mohammed Khaled Shaker Naifah (25), Monther Abdul ‘Aziz Akabriyah (50) and Amjad Jehad Ahmed Abu Zahrah (45).

 

  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into ‘Ezbet Shufah, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses after which they arrested Muhanad Salem Isma’il Abdul Razeq (36).

 

  • In the evening, Palestinian medical sources announced that Fatma Jabrin ‘Ayed Taqatqa (16) from Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem, succumbed to her wounds.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 16:30 on Wednesday, 15 March 2017, Fatma was hit with a live bullet to the head shot by the Israeli soldiers. The Israeli forces claimed that she attempted to carry out a run-over attack in “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of Bethlehem. She was arrested and taken via an ambulance of Magen David Adom to “Shaare Zedek” Medical Centre in Jerusalem. Fatma stayed at the ICU where she was attached to ventilators and anesthesia in the abovementioned hospital until her death was announced on the same day. At that time, Fatma’s family refused the Israeli forces’ claims that she attempted to carry out a run-over attack. They said that Fatma always drive the car and she is the only girl for her brothers, as the family enjoy an excellent social status. The family added that the accident happened because Fatma lost control over the car.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Beit Ummer and al-Thaheriyah villages in Hebron and Howarah village, south of Nablus.

 

Sunday, 21 May 2017

 

  • At approximately 00:40, Israeli forces moved into Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to E’teraf Bajes Hajjaj (45) and then arrested him. It should be noted that the abovementioned civilian was a former prisoner, who served more than 5 years in the Israeli jails.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Kamal Fawaghrah (19) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron, and stationed in Safan neighborhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Talal Mohammed Metleq Za’aqiq and then arrested his son Mohammed (22).

 

  • At approximately 07:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Shati’ refugee camp shore, west of Gaza city, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee for fear of their lives, but neither casualties nor material damages were reported.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Dura, Hebron and Beta village, south of Nablus.

 

Monday, 22 May 2017

 

  • At approximately 00:00, Israeli forces moved into ‘Asker refugee camp, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested Bahaa’ Ghazi Abu Keshek (17), Mo’tasem Majdi al-Refa’I (17) and Mohammed Anis al-Ashqer (17).

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Taqou’ village, south east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested Malek (17) and Hazem Rateb al-Badan (18).

 

  • In a new crime of excessive use of the lethal force, Israeli forces stationed at the Container checkpoint, at Wad al-Nar road, northeast of Bethlehem, killed a Palestinian child, claiming he attempted to carry out a stab attack. According to PCHR’s fieldworker, at approximately 16:30 on the same day, Israeli forces opened fire at Ra’ed Ahmed ‘Essa Jararhah (Radaiah) (15), from al-‘Obeidiyah village, north of Bethlehem, claiming he attempted to carry out a stab attack at the Container checkpoint. As a result, Ra’ed sustained several live bullet wounds and died immediately. Following this crime, the Israeli police spokeswoman for the Arab media, Loba Samri, stated that “According to the preliminary information, it is apparently a stab attack against Border Guard officers, who neutralized him. The medical crews later announced Ra’ed’s death in the area and no casualties were reported among the Israeli soldiers. Moreover, the Israeli police continued the investigations to reveal all details that were not clear yet.” It should be noted that on the abovementioned day, the Wes Bank cities have witnessed an open strike to all life aspects. As a result, no eyewitnesses were found to confirm or deny the Israeli narrative.

 

  • At approximately 19:00, a number of Palestinian civilians from Kherbet Safa, west of Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron, rushed to put out fire that was set to trees near the security fence adjacent to “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of Bethlehem. Israeli forces arrived at the area and chased the civilians. They then arrested 3 civilians and took them to the abovementioned settlement and released them at midnight. The arrested civilians were identified as Ghazi Mohammed Ahmed ‘Adi (33), Omer Mohammed Ekhleil (28) an Jamal Nayef ‘Adi (25).

 

  • At approximately 07:50, Israeli gunboats stationed off Rafah shore in the southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats and chased them. However, no casualties were reported.

 

  • At approximately 21:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off Rafah shore in the southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats and chased them. However, no casualties were reported.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Halhoul, al-Samou’i, al-Thaheriyah and ‘Aqabet Taffouh villages in Hebron.

 

Tuesday, 23 May 2017

 

  • At approximately 15:30 on Tuesday, 23 May 2017, Israeli forces stationed at a hill overlooking Street (60) adjacent to the western entrance to Selwad village, northeast of Ramallah, fired several live bullets at Taqwa Bassam Hamma (19) from the abovementioned village. Taqwa was waiting a cab to take her to Ramallah. An Israeli soldier shouted at her to stop and then opened fire at her. As a result, she sustained a live bullet to the right side and fell to the ground. Eyewitnesses said to PCHR’s fieldworker that 2 soldiers went down of the hill and carried the wounded civilian up to the hill. After 10 minutes, a PRCS ambulance and David Maegan Adom ambulance arrived  at the area. A Palestinian paramedic carried Taqwa and took her to the ambulance. On its way to a hospital in Ramallah, the Israeli soldiers forced the ambulance to stop and then moved Taqwa to the Israeli ambulance. The eyewitness said after two hours, he called the Palestinian ambulance officer. The officer said he knew from medical sources that Taqwa was transferred to the French Hospital in Jerusalem to receive medical treatment. Her medical condition was not identified yet.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Yatta, al-Samou’I, Deir Samet and Taffuh villages in Hebron.

 

Wednesday, 24 May 2017

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into several neighborhoods in Hebron. In Khelet Hadour neighborhood, the soldiers broke a door of a house belonging to Hamed Abdul ‘Aziz Da’doush Zahed (67), but did not raid it. The soldiers claimed they broke it mistakenly. As a result, the house inhabitants were panicked. The soldiers also raided and searched many other houses as follows:
    1. A house belonging to Mustafa Kamel Shawer (55). They arrested the house owner and confiscated a sum of money an cell phones;
    2. A house belonging to Yusri Hashem al-Hashlamon (28), who was arrested then;
    3. A house belonging to Omer Abdul Hai al-Qaimari (37), who was arrested then;
    4. A house belonging to Salah Eden Mohammed Zughair (33), who was arrested then; and
    5. A house belonging to ‘Adnan Mohammed ‘Eid al-Zarow. The Israeli forces confiscated of about NIS 2000 from his house.

 

  • In the meantime, another Israeli force raided and searched a house belonging to Nedal ‘Omran al-Qawasmah (50) in Beit Kahel village, west of Hebron. The six family members were detained in the living room and guarded by the Israeli soldiers. The also interrogated the house owner and then confiscated a sum of money of about NIS 2000 and JD 1000 that belong to Nedal’s wife. They then withdrew, but no arrests were reported.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit Awla village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ra’ed Abdul ‘Afow Mohammed al-‘Omlah (28). They then withdrew, but no arrests were reported.

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Beta village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested ‘Alqam ‘Essa Hamayel (26).

 

  • At approximately 06:30, Israeli forces stationed at military watchtowers, east of al-Zaytoon neighborhood, southeast of Gaza, opened fire sporadically at agricultural lands adjacent to the border area. As a result, the farmers were forced to flee for fear of their lives, but neither casualties nor material damage were reported.

 

Palestinian Civilian Killed and Journalist Wounded after Israeli Settler Opens Fire at them in Howarah Village, South of Nablus

  • In a new crime committed by Israeli settlers against Palestinian civilians, on Thursday morning, 18 May 2017, an Israeli settler killed a Palestinian civilian and wounded a photojournalist. According to PCHR’s investigations and eyewitnesses’ testimonies, at approximately 11:30 today, dozens of Palestinian civilians made their way from the center of Nablus via buses towards Howarah village, south of the city. The buses stopped in front of the Education Directorate building, south of Nablus, on the main Ramallah-Nablus Street. After civilians stepped out of the buses, some of them started closing the street from both sides in light of steps in solidarity with Palestinian prisoners’ legitimate demands in the Israeli jails on their 32nd day of an open hunger strike.  At approximately 12:10, a white car with an Israeli registration plate and travelled by a settler wearing a Kibbah on his head was heading from Za’atarah Intersection towards Nablus.  After passing the cars with high speed, the driver attempted to run over a number of protesters.  When a Palestinian ambulance driver saw the settler, he stopped the settlers’ car.  The settler then took his gun out and opened fire at the protestors. As a result, Mo’ataz Hussein Helal Bani Shamsah (22), from Bita village, south of Nablus, was hit with a bullet to the head and immediately died.  Moreover, Majdi Mohammed Soliman Ishtayah (35), a photojournalist at Associated Press Agency, was hit with a bullet to the right hand.  An Israeli military vehicle then arrived at the scene, and the soldiers heavily fired tear gas canisters at the Palestinian protestors to disperse them and evacuate the settler from the area.

 

  • Use of excessive force against peaceful demonstrations protesting settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall

 

Demonstrations in Protest against the Annexation Wall and Settlement Activities

  • Following the Friday prayer on 19 May 2017, Palestinian civilians and International activists organized a demonstration in the center of Kufur Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah. They made their way towards the eastern entrance to the village in protest against closing that entrance since al-Aqsa Intifada with an iron gate. When the protestors arrived at the abovementioned entrance, the Israeli forces heavily fired metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 5 civilians, including 2 children, one of them was identified as ‘Awad Mansour ‘Obaid (9), sustained metal bullet wounds to the lower limbs of their bodies.

 

  • Following the Friday prayer, dozens of Palestinian civilians and Israeli and international human rights defenders organized demonstrations in Bil’in and N’ilin villages, west of Ramallah, an al-Nabi Saleh, northwest of the city, protesting against the annexation wall and settlement activities and in solidarity with Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike. Israeli forces forcibly dispersed the protesters, firing live and metal bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs. They also chased the protesters into olive fields and between houses. As a result, many protesters suffered tear gas inhalation while others sustained bruises as Israeli soldiers beat them up. In the meantime, Israeli forces arrested Mustafa Jamal al-Khawaja (15) from Ni’lin village.

 

Demonstrations in Solidarity with Palestinian prisoners in the Israeli jails

 

  • West Bank:

 

  • At approximately 11:30 on Thursday, 18 May 2017, a number of Palestinian young men gathered near the entrance to “Psagot” settlement established on the northern outskirts in al-Birah. The protestors threw stones and empty bottles at the fence of the abovementioned settlement. The Israeli soldiers fired sound bombs, tear gas canisters, and rubber-coated metal bullets at them and chased them. The Israeli forces then arrested Mohammed Samir ‘Azaizah (15).

 

  • At approximately 17:30 on the same Thursday, Palestinian civilians organized a protest in the center of Qalqiliyah and headed towards the eastern entrance to the city known as “DCO”. They chanted slogans supporting the prisoners in the Israeli jails. The Israeli forces then fired metal bullets at them. As a result, Zahrah Wahib Khadraj (35) sustained a metal bullet wound to the lower back and was taken to Dr. Darwish Nazal Hospital to receive medical treatment.

 

  • Following the Friday prayer on 19 May 2017, hundreds of Palestinian civilians performed the prayer at the intersection of Bita village, south of Nablus upon a call from the National Committee to Support the Prisoners to perform the Friday prayer in the confrontation areas with the Israeli forces to support the prisoners’ legitimate demands. At the end of the prayer, the civilians threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers, who fired live and metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, an 18-year-old civilian sustained a two-two bullet wound to the legs. He was then transferred to Rafidia Governmental Hospital in Nablus. Moreover, the father of the wounded civilian sustained a metal bullet wound to the buttock and was medically treated in Beta Medical Center. It should be noted that both civilians are from Osarin village adjacent to Bita village.

 

  • Following the Friday prayer, hundreds of Palestinians organized a protest in the vicinity of Beit Furik and Bet Dajan villages, east of Nablus, in solidarity with Prisoners on hunger strike in the Israeli jails. The protestors made their way towards Beit Dajan Gate, which was closed 2 years ago. When they approached the gate, the Israeli soldiers fired tear gas canisters and metal bullets at the protestors and medical and press crews. The soldiers fire a tear gas canister at the back of an ambulance belonging to the Palestinian Medical Relief Society driven by Dr. Ghassan Hamdan. As a result, the tear gas canister broke and penetrated the rear window. The soldiers also directly fired another a tear gas canister at a car belonging to Trans Media Company travelled by Joudah Najeh Joudah Abu Nejmah (32), a broadcast engineer from Hebron, and Amoun al-Sheikh, Reporter of Palestine TV Channel. As a result, both suffered tear gas inhalation. Moreover, Naser Khalil Abu Jaish (47), Member of the Political Bureau of Palestinian People’s Party (PPP) and Coordinator of the Committee of National and Islamic Factions in Nablus, from Beit Dajan, sustained a metal bullet wound to the right leg.

 

  • Following the Friday prayer, Palestinian civilians organized a demonstration and made their way from a set-in tent in al-Mahd square in the center of Bethlehem towards the northern entrance to the city in solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike the Israeli jails. When the protestors arrived at Bilal Ben Rabah Mosque (Rachel’s Tomb) near the military checkpoint between Jerusalem and Bethlehem, the Israeli soldiers fired tear gas canisters and sound bombs at them. During that, dozens of the Palestinian civilians threw stones and empty bottles at the military watchtower and the soldiers. After short period, a number of Israeli soldiers dressed like civilians attacked the stone-throwers and fired live bullets at them. They also arrested 6 civilian; two of whom were identified as Ahmed ‘Oudah and Osayd Abu al-Halawah.

 

  • On Friday afternoon, Palestinian civilians organized a protest at the main entrance to Deir Abu Mash’al village, northwest of Ramallah, in solidarity with Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike. The protestors threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli forces, who fired sound bombs, tear gas canisters, live bullets and rubber-coated metal bullets at them. As a result, a 17-year-old child sustained a live bullet wound to the right thigh. He was taken to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah to receive medical treatment and later left the hospital.

 

  • Around the same time, dozens of Palestinian civilians from Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron, gathered in a set-in tent that was established in the center of the city, in solidarity with Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike. The civilians then made their way towards the eastern entrance to the village where there was an Israeli military watchtower. When the protestors arrived at the abovementioned entrance, a large Israeli force deployed on the main road. The young men threw stones at the soldiers, who fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them and chased them. As a result, a number of young men suffer tear gas inhalation. The Israeli forces also arrested Hasan Mohammed Hasan Sabarnah (17), who was in front of his family house,and took him to the abovementioned watchtower. In the same time, a similar demonstration took place in al-Zawiyah Gate area in the center of Hebron.

 

  • At approximately 14:30 on the same Friday, Palestinian civilians organized a protest in the center of ‘Aboud village, northwest of Ramallah. They made their way towards the main entrance to the village, in solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike. When the protestors approached the abovementioned entrance, the soldiers fired live and metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians, including a child, sustained live bullet wounds. They were transferred to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah and left after receiving the medical treatment. The Israeli forces also arrested Ibrahim Hasan Balas (23) after attacking him.

 

  • At approximately 11:00 on Saturday, 20 May 2017, a number of Palestinian young men gathered near ‘Atarah checkpoint, north of Ramallah. They threw stones at the Israeli soldiers and set fire to tires. The Israeli soldiers chased the stone-throwers and fired sound bombs, tear gas canister and live bullets at them. As a result, a 16-year-old civilian from Jafna village, north of the city, sustained a live bullet wound to the right thigh. He was transferred to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah to receive medical treatment.

 

  • At approximately 13:30 on Sunday, 21 May 2017, a number of Palestinian young men gathered at the center of Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah. They made their way to the main entrance to the village, in solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike. When the protestors arrived at the abovementioned entrance, the Israeli soldiers fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. During that, the soldiers attacked Mo’men Haroun Edrees (15) and beat him before arresting him. However, no casualties were reported.

 

  • Around the same time, dozens of Palestinian young men organized a protest in the center of Jericho, in solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike. They made their way towards the northern entrance to the city. When the protestors approached the abovementioned checkpoint, they threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers. The soldiers fired live and metal bullets, rubber-coated metal bullets and sound bombs at them in response. As a result, 8 civilians sustained metal bullet wound to the lower limbs of their bodies and received medical treatment by the PRCS ambulance on the spot.

 

  • At approximately 13:40, dozens of Palestinian civilians organized a peaceful protest in al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, with the participation of civilians from the neighboring areas in solidarity with Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike. They made their way towards the main entrance to the village near the military watchtower established on the village lands. The protestors threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers, who immediately fired live bullets, rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 26-year-old civilian from Beit Rima village, sustained a two-two bullet wound to the abdomen, and a 15-year-old child from Kafer Ein village, northwest of the city, sustained a metal bullet wound to the leg. Both were taken to Yasser Arafat Hospital in Salfit to receive medical treatment.

 

  • At approximately 15:00 on the same Sunday, Israeli soldiers chased a number of children in Wad Qaboun area near al-Rama Suburb neighborhood in the northern area in Hebron, and fired live bullets at them after Israeli military patrols were stoned. After that, the soldiers arrested 2 children and took them to the detention center in “Kiryat Arba” settlement. The children were identified as Hamzah Eyad al-Bou (15) and Ahmed Mohammed al-Bou(15).

 

  • At approximately 09:30 on Monday, 22 May 2017, a number of children gathered near an Israeli military gate established on the main street in a housing project, east of Jericho. The protestors threw stones and empty bottles at the soldiers, who fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them and chased them. They then arrested 5 civilians, including 2 children, namely Hamzah Suleiman Khamis (16), Feras Khalil Maharmah (17), Suleiman Khalil Maharmah (20), Mahmoud Jamal Mohammed Lafi (21), all of them are from ‘Aqabet Jaber refugee camp, south of the city, and Mohammed Khalil Sarai’ah (23) from ‘Enata, northeast of occupied Jerusalem.

 

  • At approximately 11:00 on the same Monday, dozens of Palestinian civilians gathered at the crossroad of Deir Sharaf village, northwest of Nablus. They set fire to tires in solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike. Several Israeli patrols rushed to the area and then fired tear gas canisters and metal bullets at the protestors. As a result, a 21-year-old civilian sustained a metal bullet wound to the head, and a 28-year-old civilian sustained a metal bullet wound to the right leg. They were transferred to Rafidia Governmental Hospital in Nablus.

 

  • On Monday afternoon, Palestinians organized a protest that made their way from a set-in tent established near Qalandiya refugee camp, north of occupied Jerusalem towards Qalandiya military checkpoint. When the protestors approached the checkpoint, the Israeli soldiers fired live bullets, rubber-coated metal bullets and tear gas canister at them. The area turned into an arena for confrontation that continued for hours. The soldiers then topped the commercial and residential buildings adjacent to the abovementioned checkpoint overlooking the main street. After that, hundreds of Palestinian young men, who were present in the area, threw stones and empty bottles at the soldiers. The PRCS crews announced that 8 protestors, including 5 children, were wounded. Four civilians sustained live bullet wounds, and the 4 others sustained metal bullet wounds. The PRCS crews also said that one of the injuries was classified between moderate and serious as a young man sustained a live bullet wound to the abdomen. He was transferred to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah.

 

  • At approximately 13:30, a number of civilians gathered in al-Zawiyah Gate area in the center of Hebron. They threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers stationed at the entrance to al-Shuhada’ Street at which a checkpoint was established. The soldiers patrolled the area and fired tear gas canisters. Israeli backups arrived from al-Shallalah Street and deployed between the shops. They then arrested Husam Hesham ‘Atawnah (23) and took him to an unknown destiantion.

 

  • Around the same time, a number of Palestinian civilians organized a protest at the main entrance to Deir Abu Mash’al village, northwest of Ramallah. The protestors threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli forces, who fired live bullets, rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 27-year-old civilian sustained a live bullet wound to the left leg. He was transferred to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah to receive medical treatment.

 

  • Gaza Strip:

 

  • At approximately 14:00 on Friday, 19 Amy 2017, dozens of Palestinian civilians gathered on al-‘Awdah Street, which is about 300 meters away from the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of Khuza’ah and ‘Abasan al-Kabirah villages, east of Khan Yunis, in response to calls for protests in the border area in solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike and in rejection to the Israeli imposed closure on Gaza. A number of the participants set fire to tires while a number of them headed towards the abovementioned border fence. They attempted to raise the Palestinian flags above the security fence. The soldiers stationed along the border fence fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at them and the agricultural lands between the abovementioned villages. The shooting sporadically continued for about 3 hours. As a result, 2 civilians were wounded while they were in the eastern side of al-Farahin neighborhood in ‘Abasan al-Kabirah village. They were transferred to Gaza European Hospital and their medical condition was classified as moderate. The wounded civilians were identified as:

 

  1. Amin Mohammed Ibrahim Samour (21) from Bani Suheila. He sustained 2 live bullet wounds to the abdomen and pelvis, noting he suffers from a previous disability in his hands. He was wounded when he was about 40 meters away from the border fence.
  2. Mousa Zaye ‘Ouda Samour (24) from the eastern area. He sustained a live bullet wound the entered his left side and left from the abdomen. Mousa said to PCHR’s fieldworker that he was injured when he was in a land to harvest parsley. The land is about 300 meters away from the abovementioned border fence, east of al-Farahin in ‘Abasan al-Kabirah.

 

  • Around the same time, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered and headed to the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of al-Buraij, in solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike and in rejection to the Israeli imposed closure on the Gaza Strip. The protestors threw stones at the Israeli soldiers stationed there. The soldiers fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 3 civilians, including a child, sustained live bullet wounds. They were taken via a PRCS ambulance to al-Aqsa Hospital in Deir al-Balah to receive medical treatment. Their wounds were classified as moderate. The wounded civilians were identified as:
  1. Anas Walid al-Louh (17) was hit with a live bullet to the right leg;
  2. Fares Taher al-‘Awawdah (21) was hit with a live bullet to the right thigh; and
  3. Mohammed Wajdi al-‘Aklouk (22) was hit with a live bullet to the left thigh.

 

  • At approximately, 14:30 on the same Friday, Israeli forces stationed in the military watchtowers, east of Jabalia in the northern Gaza Strip, fired live and metal bullets and tear gas canisters at dozens of Palestinian young men, who gathered  near the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel. The young men threw stones at the Israeli soldiers in solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike in the Israeli jails. As a result, ‘Ahed Maher Abdul Rahman Abu Wadi (21) from al-Joron area in Jabalia, sustained a live bullet wound to the right instep causing He was transferred to the Indonesian Hospital in Jabalia and the medical sources classified his injury as serious.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces stationed in military watchtowers, east of “Nahal Oz” site, east of Gaza, fired live and metal bullets and tear gas canisters at dozens of Palestinian young men, who were present near the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel. The young men threw stones at the Israeli soldiers in solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike in the Israeli jails. The clashes continued until at approximately 19:00. As a result, 5 civilians sustained live bullet wounds and were taken to al-Shifa’ Hospital in Gaza. Their wounds were classified as moderate.

 

  • At approximately 15:00 on Sunday, 22 May 2017, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered and made their way towards the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of al-Buraij, in solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike in the Israeli jails and in protest against the Israeli imposed closure on the Gaza Strip. The protestors threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, Mohammed Samir Baroud (29) sustained a live bullet wound to the right knee. He was taken via a PRCS ambulance to al-Aqsa Hospital in Deir al-Balah to receive medical treatment. His wounds were classified as moderate.

 

  • At approximately 17:00 on Monday, 22 May 2017, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of Kahn Yunis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at dozens of Palestinian young men, who gathered near the abovementioned border fence, east of Khuza’a village, in response to calls for protests against the Israeli imposed closure in the Gaza Strip. A number of participants set fire to tires when they were about 300 meters away from the border fence. Some of them headed to the security fence raising the Palestinian flags. When the participants approached the abovementioned border fence, the soldiers fired live bullets around them to disperse them, but no casualties were reported.

 

  • At approximately 15:00 on Tuesday, 23 May 2017, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered and made their way towards the border fence between the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of al-Buraij, in solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners in the Israeli jails and in protest against the Israeli imposed closure at the Gaza Strip. The protestors gathered near the abovementioned border fence and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, Khalid Husni al-Ghamri (17) sustained a live bullet wound to the abdomen and right hand. He was transferred via a PRCS ambulance to al-Aqsa Hospital in Deri al-Balah to receive medical treatment. His injury was classified as serious and he underwent a surgery. Khaled is so farin the intensive care unit.
  • At approximately 17:00 on Tuesday, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of Kahn Yunis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at Palestinian young men, who gathered near the abovementioned border fence, east of Khuza’a village, in response to calls for protests against the Israeli closure of Gaza. A number of participants set fire to tires on the street that is about 300 meters away from the border fence and while a number of them raising the Palestinian flags headed towards the security fence. When they approached the abovementioned border fence, the Israeli soldiers fired live bullets in their vicinity to disperse them, but no casualties were reported.

 

  1. Continued closure of the oPt

 

Israel continued to impose a tight closure on the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israeli forces continuously tighten the closure of the Gaza Strip and close all commercial crossings, making the Karm Abu Salem crossing the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip, although it is not suitable for commercial purposes in terms of its operational capacity and distance from markets.

Israeli forces have continued to apply the policy, which is aimed to tighten the closure on all commercial crossings, by imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.

 

Israeli forces have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities. The limited quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population of the Gaza Strip.

 

Israeli forces also continued to impose an almost total ban on the Gaza Strip exports, including agricultural and industrial products, except for light-weighted products such as flowers, strawberries, and spices. However, they lately allowed the exportation of some vegetables such as cucumber and tomatoes, furniture and fish.

 

Israel has continued to close the Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the majority of Palestinian citizens from the Gaza Strip. Israel only allows the movement of a limited number of groups, with many hours of waiting in the majority of cases. Israel has continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via the Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel also continued applying the policy of making certain civilian traveling via the crossing interviewed by the Israeli intelligence service to be questioned, blackmailed or arrested

Weekly report on israel’s terrorism against the State of Palestine (11-17 May 2017)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine

Israeli forces continue systematic crimes in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) 

(11-17 May 2017) 

 

  • Israeli forces killed a Palestinian civilian in al-Nabi Saleh village weekly protest and another Jordanian in occupied Jerusalem.
  • Palestinian fisherman was killed, and his cousin was wounded in the Gaza Sea.
  • 40 Palestinian civilians, including 13 children and 2 women, were wounded in the West Bank.
  • 3 ambulances were directly targeted and sustained damage.
  • Israeli forces conducted 62 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 2 limited ones in the Gaza Strip.
  • 79 civilians, including 9 children and 2 women, were arrested in the West Bank. Thirteen of them, including 3 children a woman, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem.
  • Israeli forces continued to target the Palestinian fishermen in the Gaza Strip Sea.
  • 6 fishermen, including 2 children, were arrested. A fishing boat was confiscated and another one was damaged.
  • Israeli forces turned the West Bank into cantons and continued to impose the illegal closure on the Gaza Strip for the 10th
  • Dozens of temporary checkpoints were established in the West Bank and others were re-established to obstruct the movement of Palestinian civilians.
  • 3 civilians were arrested at military checkpoints in the West Bank.
  • A patient was arrested at Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossing, north of the Gaza Strip.

 

 Summary

 

Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period (11-17 May 2017).

 

Shooting:

 

During the reporting period, Israeli forces killed a Palestinian civilian while participating in al-Nabi Saleh weekly demonstration; a Jordanian civilian in occupied Jerusalem and a fisherman in the Gaza Strip Sea. They wounded 41 Palestinian civilians, including 13 children and 2 women. One of them was wounded in the Gaza Strip, while the others were wounded in the West Bank. In the Gaza Strip, the Israeli naval forces continued to chase the Palestinian fishermen in the sea and opened fire at them.

 

In the West Bank, in new crime of the excessive use of force, on 13 May 2017, Israeli forces stationed at the main entrance to al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, killed Saba’ ‘Obaidi (23), from Salfit, while participating in a weekly demonstration organized at the village entrance. Saba’ was hit with a Two-Two bullet, which penetrated his abdomen and waist from his heart side. Eyewitnesses confirmed that shooting was from a distance of less than 20 meters, and the Israeli soldier directly opened fire. According to PCHR’s investigations, the Israeli soldiers could have used less lethal force against demonstrators, who did not pose any threat to the life of the Israeli soldiers.

 

On 13 May 2017, Israeli forces killed a Jordanian civilian, Mohamed al-Kasaji (57), after he carried out a stabbing attack against an Israeli officer near al-Silsilah Gate in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. According to PCHR’s investigations, the Israeli forces could have arrested the abovementioned civilian; especially that he was wounded and could not move. However, one of the settlers’ guards fired another bullet at him and finished him off.

 

In the same context, the majority of the West Bank cities witnessed protests in solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike in the Israeli jails. Israeli forces used force against these protests, wounding 40 Palestinian civilians, including 13 children and 2 women. Twenty four of them sustained live bullet wounds, 15 sustained rubber-coated metal bullet wounds and another one sustained shrapnel wounds. The injuries ocurred as follows:

 

  • Protests in solidarity with the prisoners: 33 civilians were wounded, including 12 children and 2 women. Twenty two of them were wounded with live bullets, 10 others were wounded with metal bullets and another one sustained shrapnel wounds.
  • Weekly protests against the annexation wall and settlement activities: 3 civilians were wounded with metal bullets.
  • Incursions: 4 civilians, including a child, were wounded. Two of them were hit with live bullets and 2 others were hit with rubber-coated metal bullets.

Israeli forces directly targeted ambulances, 3 of them sustained damage at the western entrance to Foreek village, east of Nablus.

 

In the Gaza Strip, concerning Israeli attacks on fishermen in the Gaza Sea, Israeli naval forces killed a fisherman, Mohamed Baker, and wounded his cousin after opening fire at a fishing boat. This crime confirms the continuation of the Israeli policy to target the life and safety of Palestinian fishermen, depriving them of freely sailing, even in the allowed areas to fish, and targeting their livelihood.

 

On 12 May 2017, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sundaniyia shore, north of the Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at fishing boats and chased them.

 

On 14 May 2017, the Israeli gunboats stationed off shore heavily opened fire at fishing boats sailing within the allowed area off Khan Yuins shore, south of the Gaza Strip, north of Gaza City and northwest of Beit Lahia. As a result, 6 fishermen, including 2 children, were arrested and a fishing boat was confiscated.

 

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 62 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank, and 4 others into Jerusalem and its suburbs.  During these incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 79 Palestinian civilians, including 9 children and 2 women. Thirteen of them, including 3 children and a woman, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem and its suburbs, while another civilian was arrested while participating in a protest supporting the Palestinian prisoners.

 

Among the arrested in this week, were ‘Isaa al-Ja’bari (51), a leader in Hamas Movement and former Minister of Local Government in the 10th Palestinian Government; and Ahmed Qatamish (67), political writer and researcher in the Palestinian cause affairs.

 

In the Gaza Strip, on 14 May 2017, Israeli forces moved into the east of Wadi al-Salqah village, east of Deir al-Balah, where they levelled lands along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel. On the same day, these forces also moved into the east of al-Qararah village, northeast of Khan Yunis, south of the Gaza Strip, and levelled lands as well.

 

Restrictions on movement:

 

Israel continued to impose a tight closure of the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

The illegal closure of the Gaza Strip, which has been steadily tightened since June 2007 has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.  The Israeli authorities impose measures to undermine the freedom of trade, including the basic needs for the Gaza Strip population and the agricultural and industrial products to be exported. For 9 consecutive years, Israel has tightened the land and naval closure to isolate the Gaza Strip from the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, and other countries around the world. This resulted in grave violations of the economic, social and cultural rights and a deterioration of living conditions for 2 million people.  The Israeli authorities have established Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) as the sole crossing for imports and exports in order to exercise its control over the Gaza Strip’s economy.  They also aim at imposing a complete ban on the Gaza Strip’s exports. The Israeli closure raised the rate of poverty to 65%. Moreover, the rate of unemployment increased up to 47% and youth constitutes 65% of the unemployed persons.  Moreover, 80% of the Gaza Strip population depends on international aid to secure their minimum daily needs. These rates indicate the unprecedented economic deterioration in the Gaza Strip.

 

In the West Bank, Israeli forces continued to suffocate the Palestinian cities and village by imposing military checkpoints around and/or between them. This created “cantons” isolated from each other that hinders the movement of civilians. Moreover, the Palestinian civilians suffering aggravated because of the annexation wall and checkpoints erected on daily basis to catch Palestinians.

 

Details

 

  1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas, and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 11 May 2017

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Bethlehem and stationed in al-Saf Street in the center of the city. They raided and searched a house belonging to Jadallha Shoukah and then arrested his son Abdul Rahman (19).
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses after which they arrested Feras (30) and his brother Mohammed Khader Mousa (27).
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Wad Rehal village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ashraf Mousa Thiyab (30) and then arrested him.
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Nour Shams refugee camp, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested Liath Abdul Fattah Isamil ‘Enayah (37) and Ahmed Abdul Qader Nasrallah (30).
  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into Husan village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Yazan Manwar Sebatin (21) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:30, Israeli forces moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested ‘Alaa’ Nasri Taqatqa (24) and Mahdi Salah Taqatqa (22).
  • At approximately 09:00, Israeli forces moved into Rantees village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched a grocery shop belonging to the family of Mo’taz Samih Wahdan, a prisoner in the Israeli jails. They then closed the abovementioned shop with a steel plate and withdrew, but no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 13:30, Israeli forces moved into Wad Abu al-Samn area, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Husam Hasan Abu Husain (23) and then arrested him. 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Beit Ummer, Ethna and Beit Oula villages in Hebron.

 

Friday, 12 May 2017

 

  • At approximately 12:50, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, west of al-Sudaniya area, west of Jabalia village in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire heavily at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and chased them. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee for fear of their lives, but neither casualties no material damages were reported.
  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Obaidiah village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Nadim Ahmed al-‘Asa (25) and then handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of the city.
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Nour Shams refugee camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Taha Salah Sadeq Erani (42).
  • At approximately 21:00, Israeli forces moved into Um al-Daliah area, south of Hebron. They interrupted a wedding party belonging to Abu Turki Family and then arrested Fehmi Abu Turki (28) and took him to an unknown destination.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Yatta, al-Thaheriyah, Sa’ir and Emrish villages in Hebron.

 

Sunday, 14 May 2017

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who immediately opened fire at them. As a result, a 20-year-old civilian sustained a live bullet wound to the left leg and a 15-year-old child sustained a live bullet wound to the left leg. They wounded civilians were transferred to Dr. Khalil Suleiman Hospital in Jenin to receive medical treatment. They then arrested 2 civilians, including a child namely Mohammed Mahmoud ‘Ar’arawi (17) and Yaseen ‘Ali ‘Amouri (18).
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Qalqiliyah. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested Hasan Yasser Harb (19) and Bara’ Ghassan Mohammed al-Hendi (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Nahalin village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed ‘Ezzat Shakarnah and then arrested ‘Alaa’ (18) and Bahaa.
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Birah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ahmed Suleiman Qatamesh (67), political writer and researcher in the Palestinian cause affairs, and then arrested him. It should be noted that Qatamesh served more than 12 years in the Israeli jails during several arrests.
  • At approximately 07:00, Israeli forces accompanied with 4 military bulldozers moved about 100 meters into the west of the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of Wadi al-Salqa village, east of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip. The bulldozers levelled the lands adjacent to the abovementioned border. The incursion continued for hours before the Israeli forces redeployed along the abovementioned border fence.
  • At approximately 09:30, Israeli forces accompanied with several military bulldozers moved about 100 meters into the east of al-Qararah village, northeast of Khan Yunis in the southern Gaza Strip. They levelled the lands along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel. The incursion continued for hours before the Israeli forces redeployed along the abovementioned border fence.
  • At approximately 18:50, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore heavily opened fire in the vicinity of Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area adjacent to Khan Yunis in the southern Gaza Strip. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee for fear of their lives, but neither casualties nor material damages were reported.
  • At approximately 20:30, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats. The Israeli gunboats surrounded a fishing boat belonging to ‘Ashour Shamalakh. The boat was manned by 3 fishermen namely Mohammed Sa’id Abdul Razeq Baker (17), Mohammed Tareq Abdul Razeq Baker (22) and Abdullah Sabri Mahmoud Baker (19). The soldiers ordered the fishermen to take off their clothes, jump into the water and swim towards the boat. They were then taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:45, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats. The Israeli gunboats surrounded a fishing boat belonging to Amin Rushdi Saleh Abu Wardah (49) from Jabalia. The boat was manned by Amin’s sons namely Yusuf (27), Mohammed (24) and Husain (13) and sailing within 2 nautical miles. The soldiers ordered the fishermen to take off their clothes, jump into the water and swim towards their boat. They also confiscated the boat and 10 pieces of fishing net and took the fishermen to an unknown destination.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Sa’ir village and Yatta in and Hebron and Howarah village, south of Nablus.

 

Monday, 15 May 2017

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Nemrah neighborhood in Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Essa Khairi Essa al-Ja’bari (51), a leader in Hamas movement and former Minister of Local Government in the 10th Palestinian Government. They then arrested him and confiscated his car.

‘Essa’s wife said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

“We woke up on sounds of movement and knocks on the door. When my husband opened the door, there were a number of Israeli soldiers along with his relative, who was brought by them to guide them to our home. They then locked us in a room as 2 soldiers stood near me and my 3 daughters pointing their weapons at us. A female soldier asked my husband if he has something to do with elections. The soldiers then ordered him to bring his car key. After that, they violently searched the house and then took my husband to a room and questioned him for an hour and a half. They then ordered him to come with them to his car. My neighbors later informed me that the soldiers thoroughly searched the car. The soldiers then brought my husband home, allowed him to wear his clothes in order to arrest him and confiscated our car.”  

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron, and stationed in ‘Asidah area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Khalil Abdul Fattah Sabe’i Sabarnah (40) using police dogs. They later withdrew and no arrests were reported. In the meantime, another Israeli force raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Salem Sabarnah and arrested his son Ramzi (22). They withdrew and headed towards “Karmi Tsur” settlement, south of the city.
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Nahalin village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Na’im Funoun (23) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into the southern area in Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Yusuf ‘Omran Abu Husain (30) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:20, Israeli forces moved into Jayous village, northeast of Qalqiliyah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ahmed ‘Adel Hazahzah (16) and then arrested him.
  • In a new crime of extreme use of force and continuation of Israel’s policy to target the fishermen and their safety and deny them from freely sailing and fishing within the allowed fishing area, Israeli naval forces killed the fisherman Mohammed Baker after they opened fire at the boat manned by him and his cousin, who was wounded. According to PCHR’s investigation, at approximately 08:30 on Monday, 15 May 2017, an Israeli gunboat accompanied with a rubber boat opened fire at a Palestinian fishing boat sailing within 3 nautical miles off al-Wahah shore, northwest of Gaza City.  The boat was manned by 4 fishermen namely ‘Omran Majed Baker (33), his two brothers; Fadi (32) and Mohammed (25), and their cousin Mohammed Zeyad Hasan Baker (32), and all of them are from Gaza. The fishermen fled by their boat to the south, but the Israeli gunboat manned by 8 soldiers armed with automatic rifles chased the boat and were able to target directly its engine. As a result, the boat stopped off shore in front of the Intelligence Service office, west of Gaza, and ‘Omran was hit with 2 metal bullets to the leg and abdomen. After that, a soldier opened fire from a 3-meter distance at the fishermen, wounding Mohammed Baker with a live bullet to the upper side of abdomen.  Mohammed then fell down as part of his bowels got out. However, the soldiers forced the fishermen to move Mohammed to their boat and then sailed towards Ashqelon. At approximately 16:30 on the same day, Mohammed was announced dead succumbing to his wounds in Barzilai Hospital. His body was then transferred to al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza after coordinating with the Palestinian Liaison office.

“At approximately 08:00, I sailed with my cousins ‘Omran, Fadi and Mohammed Majed Baker from Gaza Seaport along with another fishing boat manned by 4 fishermen. After 15 minutes, We arrived at al-Sudaniya area sailing within 3 nautical miles off al-Waha shore about 1.5 miles off the allowed fishing area. When we started fishing, I saw an Israeli gunboat accompanied with a rubber boat coming from the north and speeding towards us. ‘Omran turned on the engine, headed to the south and stationed off the Intelligence Service office. I then saw the rubber boat speeding towards us and arrived in less than 2 minutes. There were 8 navy soldiers, 4 of whom were masked. The distance between us was about two meters when 2 soldiers randomly opened fire at us while we were trying to avoid being shot. Ten minutes later, the soldiers directly opened fire at us from a 3-meter distance. As a result, Fadi Majed Baker (32) sustained 2 rubber-coated metal bullets to the leg and abdomen. The Israeli gunboat continued chasing us, but suddenly appeared in front of our boat and the soldiers directly opened fire at the boat engine.  As a result, the boat stopped, and Mohammed was wounded and fell down. We shouted to inform the soldiers that Mohammed is wounded.  One of the soldiers then ordered us to come to the boat front while the other soldiers kept shooting above our heads. I carried Mohammed, who was wounded and part of his bowels were out.  He was foaming and then went into coma. The soldier, who was driving the gunboat, ordered me to carry Mohammed while 2 other soldiers took him to the gunboat, sailing towards Ashkelon. Furthermore, the other Israeli boat dragged our boat, which was hit with 6 live bullets, to the Gaza Seaport after an hour, but we lost the fishing net.”

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (6) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: al-Shyoukh, Beit Kahel, al-Raihiyah and Karma villages in Hebron; Jayous and ‘Ezbet al-Tabib villages, east of Qalqiliyah.

 

Tuesday, 16 May 2017

 

  • At approximately 00:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Dheisheh refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses, shops and petrol station and then confiscated a number of surveillance cameras. In the meantime, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered in the outskirts of the abovementioned camp and threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at the soldiers. The soldiers fired metal bullets, rubber-coated metal bullets and tear gas canisters at them in response.  As a result, 2 young men sustained metal bullet wounds and received medical treatment in the spot. Moreover, the Israeli forces arrested 3 civilians namely Mohammed Zeyad ‘Arafah (19), the brothers Raslan (18) and Majd Abu Quaier (19). 
  • At approximately 01:55, Israeli forces moved into Qarawet Bani Zaid village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Ahlam Hmazah Mustafa al-Maloukh (16). Ahlam’s father said to PCHR’s fieldworker that 20 Israeli soldiers surrounded the house from all sides while some of them raided and searched the house. They then took Ahlam, who was sleeping in her room. One of the soldiers ordered Ahlam to approach him and then handcuffed her. The soldiers took her to a military jeep that was stationed in the center of the village. It should be noted that Ahlam is a 10-grade student in Qarawa Secondary School for Girls.
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus,. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Hamzah Ahmed Sa’id Ramadan (26) and Taleb Samir Taleb Seldawi (21). 
  • At around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in the schools area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Salamah Mohammed Salamah ‘Arjan (30) and then arrested him.
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Yatta, south of Hebron, and stationed in the eastern area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Eshaq Mohammed Naji Hureizat (40) and then arrested him and his wife Suzan Ahmed Mohammed Abu Qabitah (32). They claimed that they found a weapon in the house while searching. 
  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into ‘Azoun village, east of Qalqiliyah. They raided and searched several houses after which they arrested 4 civilians, including a child, namely Karim ‘Omran Abdullah Husain (14), Nidal Safwan Salim (15), Abdul ‘Aziz Farid Husain (20) and ‘Omran Abdullah ‘Omran Husain (43). 
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Beit Jala. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of the former prisoner Mo’tasem Ayoub Jaber and then handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Etzion” settlement complex, south of the city. 
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into ‘Aydah refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Khalil ‘Arafah Abu Sorour (25) and then arrested him. 
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Deir Abu Mash’al village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Mousa Khaled Abdul Mo’ti (18) and Ibrahim ‘Adel Zahran (18).
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron, and stationed in ‘Asidah area and the Industrial Area. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested ‘Aziz Mahmou Ekleil (26) and Mohammed No’man Za’aqiq (23). They also handed a summons to Mohammed Zuhair al-‘Alami (22) to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into ‘Aqabet Jaber refugee camp in the southwestern area in Jericho. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Na’el Jehad Abu al-‘Asal (47).

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Balatah refugee camp, southeast of Nablus; Dura, Abu al-‘Asja and al-Thaheriyah villages in Hebron.

 

Wednesday, 17 May 2017

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into ‘Asker refugee camp, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested 6 civilians namely Husain Zaki al-Ashqar (27), Morad Abdullah Masimi (18), Nehad Abu Keshek (25), Ahmed Jaser al-Shubaki (33), Thaer Zahi Shalabi (29) and ‘Adnan Naief Bashkar (32).
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces accompanied with military jeeps and an armored personnel carrier moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in Karisah neighborhood, east of the city. They surrounded Khelet Msalam area, totally closed it, established a checkpoint on the road and prevented civilians’ vehicles from moving. The soldiers raided and searched a house belonging to Rezeq Abdullah al-Rjoub (55), who served 15 years in the Israeli jails. They detained the family members outside the house and confiscated their cell phones. They then thoroughly searched the house until 13:00 after damaging its contents. Rezeq was questioned and informed to choose which country he wants to travel to as the Israeli forces will offer him facilitations. After 12 hours of searching, the Israeli forces withdrew, but no arrests were reported. It should be noted the Israeli forces confiscated the car of the abovementioned civilian 3 months ago.
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Husan village, west of Bethlehem. they raided and searched a house belonging to Zeyad Eyad Hamamrah (19) and then arrested him.
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Thaheriyah village, south of Hebron, and stationed in Wad al-Ghamari area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Kayed Qaysieh (38) and then withdrew, but no arrests were reported. At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into ‘Azoun village, east of Qalqiliyah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Qusai Abdul ‘Aziz Salim (20) in the northern neighborhood and then arrested him.
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Bethlehem and stationed in al-Kakafah neighborhood in the center of the city. they raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested 4 civilians, including a child, namely Mohammed Khader al-‘amour (16), Mo’taz Khader al-‘Amour (20), ‘Asef ‘Amer al-‘Amour (19) and ‘Abas Mohammed Shuhadah (19).
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Bani Na’im village, east of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Suheib Abdul Hamid Abu Jawour (28) and then arrested him.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: al-‘Aroub refugee camp, Sa’ir, Beit Marsam and Wad al-Shajnah villages in Hebron.

 

  • Use of excessive force against peaceful demonstrations protesting settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall

 

Demonstrations in Protest against the Annexation Wall and Settlement Activities

 

In a new crime of excessive use of force, Israeli forces stationed at the main entrance to al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, killed a Palestinian Civilian and wounded 3 others while participating in the weekly protest organized at the aforementioned entrance.  The Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) strongly condemns this new crime.  PCHR hereby stresses this crime was committed after the Israeli political and military leaders gave the Israeli soldiers the green light to shed the Palestinian blood in light of the international community’s policy to tolerate Israel for crimes committed by the Israeli soldiers against Palestinian civilians.

 

According to PCHR’s investigations and eyewitnesses’ testimonies, at approximately 13:30 on Friday, 13 May 2017, dozens of Palestinian civilians from different areas organized the weekly protest at the main entrance to al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah. The protest was in solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners on an open hunger strike in the Israeli jails.  A number of youngsters threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers stationed there.  The Israeli soldiers immediately fired live and rubber-coated metal bullets in addition to Two-Two bullets at the stone-throwers.  At approximately 14:30, a number of Palestinian youngsters approached and threw Molotov Cocktails at the Israeli soldiers stationed at the main entrance to the village.  Meanwhile, 3 soldiers were on the roof of an uninhabited house, so they opened fire at the youngsters.  As a result, four of them were wounded.  One of them was identified as Saba’ Nidal ‘Abeidi (20), from Salfit, who was hit with a two-two bullet that penetrated his abdomen and waist from the heart side.  Saba’ had run about 20 meters screaming before he fell on his face.  Meanwhile, the three other wounded civilians, whom PCHR keeps their names for fear of being arrested, were hit with metal bullets to the head.   A number of youngsters rushed to save the four wounded persons and directly took them to an ambulance belonging to the Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS), which transferred them to Martyr Yasser ‘Arafat Hospital in Salfit.  Doctors there then declared death of Sabaa’ after he underwent an urgent surgery.  Doctors added that the other wounded civilians were admitted to the Emergency Department for medical treatment, and their condition was described as moderate.  Eyewitnesses said to PCHR’s fieldworker that  Israeli forces directly opened fire at the four civilians from a distance of 20 meters.  PCHR’s investigations emphasize that Israeli forces could have used less lethal force against the protestors who approached the soldiers as the latter were not posing threat to lives of the soldiers. Moreover, PCHR’s previous investigations showed that many Palestinian civilians who were hit with metal bullets from a close distance were killed, indicating Israeli forces’ premeditated intention to claim as many victims as they could among the Palestinian protestors.

 

  • Following the Friday prayer, dozens of Palestinian civilians and Israeli and international human rights defenders organized demonstrations in Bil’in and Nil’in villages, west of Ramallah, protesting against the annexation wall and settlement activities. Israeli forces forcibly dispersed the protests, firing live and metal bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs. They also chased the protesters into olive fields and between houses. As a result, many protesters suffered tear gas inhalation while others sustained bruises as Israeli soldiers beat them up.

 

Demonstrations in Solidarity with Palestinian prisoners in the Israeli jails

 

  • At approximately 13:30 on Thursday, 11 May 2017, dozens of Palestinian civilians organized a protest in solidarity with Palestinian prisoners in the Israeli jails at the northern entrance of al-Birah. The protestors threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers stationed at “al-Mahkamah” checkpoint established near “Beit Eil” settlement, north of the city. When the protestors approached the abovementioned checkpoint, the soldiers fired live bullets, tear gas canisters, sound bombs and rubber-coated metal bullets at them. As a result, 13 civilians, including 3 children and 2 women, were wounded. Eight civilians sustained live bullet wounds, 4 others sustained metal bullet wounds and a civilian sustained a live bullet shrapnel wound. The wounded civilians were transferred to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah to receive medical treatment. Their injuries were classified as moderate.
  • Following the Friday prayer on 12 May 2017, hundreds of Palestinian civilians performed the prayer at the crossroad of Beta village, south of Nablus upon a call from the National Committee to Support the Prisoners to perform the Friday prayer in the confrontation areas with the Israeli forces to support the prisoners’ legitimate demands. At the end of the prayer, the civilians threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers, who fired live and metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, an 18-year-old civilian sustained a metal bullet wound to the face. He was then transferred to Rafidia Governmental Hospital in Nablus for medical treatment and later left the hospital.
  • Following the same Friday prayer, hundreds of Palestinian civilians performed prayers at the entrance to Beit Furik village, east of Nablus, upon a call from the National Committee to Support the Prisoners to perform the Friday prayer in the confrontation areas with the Israeli forces to support the prisoners’ legitimate demands. At the end of the prayer, the civilians threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers, who fired live and metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 45-year-old civilian sustained a metal bullet wound to the head. He was then transferred to Rafidia Governmental Hospital in Nablus for medical treatment and later left the hospital.

Israeli forces directly targeted the ambulances the ambulances there that were damaged as follows:

  1. A PRCS ambulance: the right-back tire was hit with a live bullet. Paramedic Fawaz al-Betar, was driving the ambulance and offering first aid to a wounded civilian;
  2. A PRCS ambulance: the left-rear window was hit with a metal bullet. The ambulance was travelled by officer ‘Alaa’ Mansour; and
  3. An ambulance belonging to ‘Aqraba municipality: left-rear window and structure of the ambulance were hit with a metal bullet. The ambulance was travelled by Officer Yusuf Mousa Deriyah.

Officer Yusuf Deriyah said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

“At approximately 13:00, on Friday, 12 May 2017, 3 other PRCS ambulances and I were stationed at the main entrance to Beit Furik village, east of Nablus. The young men threw stones at the Israeli forces when the distance between us and the soldiers was about 700 meters. The soldiers then targeted my ambulance with a metal bullet, directly hitting the right the door. I stepped out to see the damage, so the soldiers fired another bullet towards me.  That bullet penetrated the front structure of another PRCS ambulance travelled by officer ‘Alaa’ Mansour. We immediately decided to move from the area towards Beit Furik village. When the ambulance travelled by the officer ‘Alaa’ Manour moved, the soldiers fired a metal bullet at the back of it and fired several bullets at my ambulance. We stopped at the entrance to Beit Furik village. Few minutes later, a civilian sustained a metal bullet wound to the head. Officer Fazwaz al-Betar went to the area to evacuate the wounded civilian towards the abovementioned village. The soldiers again fired a live bullet that hit the right-rear window of the ambulance.”

 

  • On Friday afternoon, Palestinian civilians organized a protest in the center of Deir Abu Mash’al village, northwest of Ramallah. They made their way to the main entrance to the village in solidarity with Palestinian prisoners, who went on hunger strike. When the protestors approached the abovementioned entrance, the Israeli forces fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 21-year-old civilian sustained a live bullet wound to the right leg.
  • At approximately 12:30 on Monday, 15 May 2017, dozens of Palestinian civilians organized a peaceful protest at the northern entrance to al-Birah in solidarity with the Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike and in commemoration of the 69thanniversary of Nakba. The protestors threw stones and empty bottles at the soldiers stationed at al-Mahkamah checkpoint near “Beit Eil” settlement, north of the city. When the protestors approached the abovementioned checkpoint, the soldiers fired live bullets, tear gas canisters, sound bombs and rubber-coated metal bullets at them. As a result, 15 civilian, including 9 children, were wounded. Twelve civilians were hit with live bullets and the 3 others were hit with metal bullets. The wounded civilians were transferred to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah to receive medical treatment. Their injuries were classified as moderate
  • At approximately 13:30 on the same Friday, dozens of Palestinian civilians gathered in the center of al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah organized a peaceful protest along with civilians from near villages in commemoration of the 69th anniversary of Nakba. They made their way to the Israeli watchtower established at the main entrance to the village. The protestors threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who fired rubber-coated metal bullets, tear gas canister and sound bombs at them. As a result, a 45-year-old civilian from Beit Rema village sustained a metal bullet wound to the right leg. He was transferred via a PRCS ambulance to Yasser Arafat Hospital in Salfit to receive medical treatment.
  • On Wednesday morning, 17 May 2017, a number of Palestinian young men gathered at the western entrance to Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah. The protestors closed Street (60) with rocks and set fire to tires in solidarity with the prisoners on hunger strike. The soldiers stationed in the vicinity of “Ofra” settlement, fired live bullets at them in response. As a result, Ibrahim Rasem Hamed (19) was hit with a live bullet and then arrested. Following that, the Israeli forces moved into Silwad village. They raided and searched a number of houses and then closed the main entrance with cement cubes before they withdrew from the village.

 

  1. Continued closure of the oPt

Israel continued to impose a tight closure on the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israeli forces continuously tighten the closure of the Gaza Strip and close all commercial crossings, making the Karm Abu Salem crossing the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip, although it is not suitable for commercial purposes in terms of its operational capacity and distance from markets.

Israeli forces have continued to apply the policy, which is aimed to tighten the closure on all commercial crossings, by imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.

 

Israeli forces have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities. The limited quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population of the Gaza Strip.

 

Israeli forces also continued to impose an almost total ban on the Gaza Strip exports, including agricultural and industrial products, except for light-weighted products such as flowers, strawberries, and spices. However, they lately allowed the exportation of some vegetables such as cucumber and tomatoes, furniture and fish.

 

Israel has continued to close the Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the majority of Palestinian citizens from the Gaza Strip. Israel only allows the movement of a limited number of groups, with many hours of waiting in the majority of cases. Israel has continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via the Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel also continued applying the policy of making certain civilian traveling via the crossing interviewed by the Israeli intelligence service to be questioned, blackmailed or arrested

The Palestinian Refugees – 69 years and counting

The Palestinian Refugees – 69 years and counting…

This collection of some of the most compelling pieces Al-Shabaka has published contextualizes and discusses the unique difficulties of Palestinian refugees displaced across the Middle East – from becoming refugees a second or third time due to the ongoing Syrian civil war to over-researching camps “famous” for tragedy while under-researching other refugee situations and exile communities.

Facing Double Discrimination

Palestinian Refugees from Syria: Stranded on the Margins of Law

By Mai Abu Moghli, Nael Bitarie, and Nell Gabiam

Al-Shabaka Policy Analysts Mai Abu Moghli, Nael Bitarie, and Nell Gabiam analyze the effects of the war in Syria on Palestinian refugees through a succinct, country by country analysis of the legal and social obstacles they face beyond those faced by other refugee communities, and identify immediate steps that local and international communities should take to address their safety and human rights. Read more…

Palestinians on the Road to Damascus

By Ahmad Diab

Ahmad Diab, in this Al-Shabaka Commentary, focuses on the fate of the besieged Palestinian refugee camp of Al-Yarmuk to illustrate the predicament of Palestinian refugees caught up in the Syrian Nakba. Never allowed to be fully Palestinian or fully Syrian, they are, like the rest of the Syrian people, forced to make harsh political choices to survive, their fate as murky as the fate of Syria itself. Read more…

The Price of Statelessness: Palestinian Refugees from Syria

By Rosemary Sayigh

In this Commentary, Rosemary Sayigh explores how the way neighboring Arab states differentiate between Syrian and Palestinian refugees mirrors a differentiation at the level of the United Nations. She notes, for instance, that while donations have flooded in for displaced Syrians fleeing the civil war, the donations needed to aid the Palestinian refugees of Syria are lacking due to intertwined levels of discrimination. Read more…

Unwelcome and Invisible

Unwelcome Guests: Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon

By Dalal Yassine

In this Policy Brief, Dalal Yassine examines the legal status of Palestinian refugees in Lebanon and argues that the country’s institutional racism not only deprives Palestinian refugees of their human rights but also serves to undermine the right of return. Read more…

The Invisible Community: Egypt’s Palestinians

By Oroub el-Abed

Oroub El-Abed examines the legal status of Palestinians in Egypt, including positive signs of change in the wake of the Egyptian revolution. Read more…

Trapped by Denial of Rights, Illusion of Statehood: The Case of the Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon

By Jaber Suleiman

Jaber Suleiman explores the bid by the Palestine Liberation Organization and Palestinian Authority to join the United Nations as a member state, complicating the already precarious status of Palestinian refugees in Lebanon. This Policy Brief addresses the way in which Palestinian refugees are facing the double-edged challenge of denial of their rights and the illusion of statehood. Read more…

The Mechanics of Dispossession

Decades of Displacing Palestinians: How Israel Does It

By Munir Nuseibah

Al-Shabaka Policy Analyst Munir Nuseibah identifies six of the methods Israel uses to displace Palestinians, and discusses two: displacement by personal status engineering, and by urban planning. He calls on human rights advocates and organizations to apply the more recently developed transitional justice approach to deal with the mass human rights violations carried out as a matter of policy. Read more…

Refugees: Israeli Apartheid’s Unseen Dimension

By Hazem Jamjoum

Hazem Jamjoum explains in this Commentary how the Israeli denial of the Palestinian right to return is a cornerstone of Israel’s colonial-apartheid project, and how there can never be a durable peace without the implementation of this right. Read more…

External Actors

Uneasy but Necessary: The UNRWA-Palestinian Relationship

By Randa Farah

Randa Farah’s Policy Brief explores the United Nations Relief and Works Agency-refugee relationship. Farah argues that UNRWA took on an exaggerated role that mirrored that of a welfare government-in-exile and that it is a unique organization, but neither static, homogenous, nor apolitical. Read more…

Bartering Palestine for Research

By Mayssun Succarie

This Commentary by Mayssun Succarie discusses “research tourism:” the practice of over-researching Palestinian camps with a higher tragedy profile (such as Shatila), as opposed to others that have still faced tragedy but aren’t as famous for it (such as Burj al-Barajneh, 15 minutes away from Shatila). Read more…

Testimony of israeli soldiers who raped and killed Arab teenage girl

Testimony of Israeli soldiers who raped and killed Arab teenage girl– ‘I took the Arab female captive. On the first night the soldiers abused her and the next day saw fit to remove her from the world’

theguardian.com

For 54 years the fate of a young Bedouin girl who disappeared in the Negev desert was relegated to rumour and a single entry in the diary of David Ben-Gurion, the prime minister of the fledgling Israeli state.

“It was decided and carried out: they washed her, cut her hair, raped her and then killed her,” he wrote.

After that the case became one of the state’s earliest secrets, and no more than hearsay passed between soldiers.

Now the Israeli newspaper Ha’aretz has used previously classified army documents to reveal the full story of what Mr Ben-Gurion called a “horrific atrocity”.

In August 1949, an army unit stationed at Nirim in the Negev shot an Arab man and captured a Bedouin girl with him. Her name and age remain unknown, but she was probably in her mid-teens.

In the following hours she was taken from the hut and forced to shower naked in full view of the soldiers. Three of the men then raped her.

After the Sabbath meal the platoon commander, identified by Ha’aretz as a man called Moshe who had served in the British army during the second world war, proposed a vote on what should be done with her.

One option was to put her to work in the outpost’s kitchen.

Most of the 20 or so soldiers present voted for the alternative by chanting: “We want to fuck”. The commander organised a rota for groups of his men to gang rape the girl over the next three days. Moshe and one of his sergeants went first, leaving the girl unconscious. Next morning, she complicated matters by protesting about her treatment. Moshe told one of his sergeants to kill her.

She was forced into a patrol vehicle with several soldiers, two carrying shovels, and they drove off into the dunes. When the girl realised what was about to happen she tried to run, but only made it a few paces before she was shot by a Sergeant Michael.

Her body was buried in a grave less than a foot deep.

A few days later the battalion commander, Yehuda Drexler, asked Moshe if he had carried out an order to return the girl to her village.

“They killed her,” replied Moshe. “It was a shame to waste the petrol.” He was ordered to write a report. Ha’aretz has obtained a copy.

It said: “In my patrol on 12.8.49 I encountered Arabs in the territory under my command, one of them armed. I killed the armed Arab on the spot and took his weapon. I took the Arab female captive. On the first night the soldiers abused her and the next day I saw fit to remove her from the world.”

He and most of the soldiers at the outpost were tried in secret. Some said they were carrying out their commander’s orders. The military judges rejected that line of defence. Moshe denied rape. “Morally speaking, it was impossible to sleep with such a dirty girl,” he told the court.

He was acquitted of rape but convicted of murder and sentenced to 15 years in prison. The judges likened his stated willingness “to murder even women and children in cold blood” to “Hitler’s methods in France”.

Nineteen other soldiers received light sentences of between one and three years, mostly for “negligence in preventing a crime”.

The appeal court reduced their sentences, saying: “At the time there was a general feeling of contempt for the life of Arabs … and sometimes wanton events occurred in this sphere. All this helped create an atmosphere of ‘anything goes’.

“We are convinced that this atmosphere existed at the Nirim outpost, too.”

But the government and army understood the shame that would fall on the armed forces if the girl’s fate became known to wider Israeli society, so the murder and trial were classified as secret.

The case was briefly resurrected at the trial in 1956 of Israeli soldiers and police officers who murdered 43 Arab civilians in Kafr Qassem, to help establish the precedent that there is no defence in obeying illegal orders.

Then it disappeared from view again.

Several years later members of a kibbutz near the Nirim base noticed that the wind had uncovered a small hand

 

israel’s war on Palestine’s food supplies: Gaza’s fishermen and farmers attacked from sea and air

Gaza’s fishermen and farmers attacked from sea and air

Crops on a farm in Gaza, severely damaged by herbicide sprayed by Israeli planes. B’Tselem investigated and published this photo, February 2016.

Israeli forces fire at Gaza fishermen, spray pesticides on Palestinian crops

By Ma’an
May 09, 2017

GAZA CITY — Israeli naval forces opened fire at Palestinian fishermen off the coast of the besieged Gaza Strip on Tuesday morning, locals told Ma’an.

Fishermen said that Israeli forces shot at Palestinian fishing boats in two separate incidents off the northern coast of Gaza on Tuesday morning.

An Israeli army spokesperson told Ma’an that they were looking into the reports.

Tuesday morning’s events came a day after Israeli forces shot and injured a Palestinian fisherman with live fire off the coast of Beit Lahiya in the northern Gaza Strip.


Replacing the machine guns with water cannon. The navy does this when a boat has international observers in it. Filmed by International Solidarity Movement

Meanwhile, Gaza farmers told Ma’an that Israeli drones sprayed pesticides on Palestinian crops along the border with Israel in central and southern Gaza on Tuesday morning.

The pesticides, they said, damage crops in the area, which is Gaza’s main agricultural region.

The army spokesperson also said she would look into the case.

Earlier this year, Gazan farmers said that Israeli forces regularly sprayed weed killers on both sides of the border fence to guarantee a clear view of the area for the army.

However, Gaza Ministry of Agriculture agronomist Wael Thabet told Ma’an at the time that the chemicals could travel up to 1,200 metres through the air away from the buffer zone, burning crops and causing Palestinian farmers huge economic losses.

Palestinians who work near the Israeli-designated “buffer zone,” which lies on both the land and sea sides of Gaza, often come under fire from Israeli military forces, as the authorities have not made clear the precise area of the designated zone.


Encounter between Gaza fishermen and Israeli patrol boats

By Harriet Sherwood, Guardian
July 20, 2011 — just a short quote from her Tweets

One IDF boat just circling our boats about 50m away. Other boat a bit further away.

A lot of resources devoted to a few tiny fishing boats.

Sea is calm today – except our little bit. Backwash creating lot of waves. They keep sounding siren. But we have all cut engines.

I’m told that the point of the IDF continually circling us is to create continuous waves and noise. Makes fishing harder.

One fishing boat just been swamped by backwash. They are giving up and going back to port.

The photo below has been used many times in the last three years to illustrate Israeli naval vessels firing at fishing boats from Gaza. No date, no credit,but it appears to be what it says it is.

How israeli schools help sabotage peace prospects

How Israeli schools help sabotage peace prospects

A display of Israeli-style community policing before an audience of hundreds of young schoolchildren was captured on video last week. Were the 10-year-olds offered road safety tips, advice on what to do if they got lost, or how to report someone suspicion hanging around the school?

No. In Israel, they do things differently. The video shows four officers staging a mock anti-terror operation in a park close to Tel Aviv. The team roar in on motorbikes, firing their rifles at the “terrorist”.

As he lies badly wounded, the officers empty their magazines into him from close range. In Israel it is known as “confirming the kill”. Everywhere else it is called an extrajudicial execution or murder. The children can be heard clapping.

It was an uncomfortable reminder of a near-identical execution captured on film last year. A young army medic, Elor Azaria, is seen shooting a bullet into the head of an incapacitated Palestinian in Hebron. A military court sentenced him to 18 months for manslaughter in February.

There has been little sign of soul-searching since. Most Israelis, including government officials, call Azaria a hero. In the recent religious festival of Purim, dressing up as Azaria was a favourite among children.

There is plenty of evidence that Israel’s security services are still regularly executing real Palestinians.

The Israeli human rights group B’Tselem denounced the killing last week of a 16-year-old Jerusalem schoolgirl, Fatima Hjeiji, in a hail of bullets. She had frozen to the spot after pulling out a knife some distance from a police checkpoint. She posed no threat, concluded B’Tselem, and did not need to be killed.

The police were unrepentant about their staged execution, calling it “a positive, empowering” demonstration for the youngsters. The event was hardly exceptional.

In communities across Israel this month, the army celebrated Israel’s Independence Day by bringing along its usual “attractions” – tanks, guns and grenades – for children to play with, while families watched army dogs sicking yet more “terrorists”.

In a West Bank settlement, meanwhile, the army painted youngsters’ arms and legs with shrapnel wounds. Blood-like liquid dripped convincingly from dummies with amputated limbs. The army said the event was a standard one that “many families enjoyed”.

The purpose of exposing children at an impressionable age to so much gore and killing is not hard to divine. It creates traumatised children, distrustful and fearful of anyone outside their tribe. That way they become more pliant soldiers, trigger-happy as they rule over Palestinians in the occupied territories.

A few educators have started to sense they are complicit in this emotional and mental abuse.

Holocaust Memorial Day, marked in Israeli schools last month, largely avoids universal messages, such as that we must recognise the humanity of others and stand up for the oppressed. Instead, pupils as young as three are told the Holocaust serves as a warning to be eternally vigilant – that Israel and its strong army are the only things preventing another genocide by non-Jews.

Last year Zeev Degani, principal of one Israel’s most prestigious schools, caused a furore when he announced his school would no longer send pupils on annual trips to Auschwitz. This is a rite of passage for Israeli pupils. He called the misuse of the Holocaust “pathological” and intended to “generate fear and hatred” to inculcate extreme nationalism.

It is not by accident that these trips – imparting the message that a strong army is vital to Israel’s survival – take place just before teenagers begin a three-year military draft.

Increasingly, they receive no alternative messages in school. Mr Degani was among the few principals who had been inviting Breaking the Silence, a group of whistle-blowing soldiers, to discuss their part in committing war crimes.

In response, the education minister, Naftali Bennett, leader of the settlers’ party, has barred dissident groups like Breaking the Silence. He has also banned books and theatre trips that might encourage greater empathy with those outside the tribe.

Polls show this is paying off. Schoolchildren are even more ultra-nationalist than their parents. More than four-fifths think there is no hope of peace with the Palestinians.

But these cultivated attitudes don’t just sabotage peacemaking. They also damage any chance of Israeli Jews living peacefully with the large minority of Palestinian citizens in their midst.

Half of Jewish schoolchildren believe these Palestinians, one in five of the population, should not be allowed to vote in elections. This month the defence minister, Avigdor Lieberman, called the minority’s representatives in parliament “Nazis” and suggested they should share a similar fate.

This extreme chauvinism was translated last week into legislation that defines Israel as the nation-state of the Jewish people around the world, not its citizens. The Palestinian minority are effectively turned into little more than resident aliens in their own homeland.

Mr Degani and others are losing the battle to educate for peace and reconciliation. If a society’s future lies with its children, the outlook for Israelis and Palestinians is bleak indeed.

Israel Tutors Children in Fear and Loathing

Nazareth

A display of Israeli-style community policing before an audience of hundreds of young schoolchildren was captured on video last week. Were the 10-year-olds offered road safety tips, advice on what to do if they got lost, or how to report someone suspicion hanging around the school?

No. In Israel, they do things differently. The video shows four officers staging a mock anti-terror operation in a park close to Tel Aviv. The team roar in on motorbikes, firing their rifles at the “terrorist”.

As he lies badly wounded, the officers empty their magazines into him from close range. In Israel it is known as “confirming the kill”. Everywhere else it is called an extrajudicial execution or murder. The children can be heard clapping.

It was an uncomfortable reminder of a near-identical execution captured on film last year. A young army medic, Elor Azaria, is seen shooting a bullet into the head of an incapacitated Palestinian in Hebron. A military court sentenced him to 18 months for manslaughter in February.

There has been little sign of soul-searching since. Most Israelis, including government officials, call Azaria a hero. In the recent religious festival of Purim, dressing up as Azaria was a favourite among children.

There is plenty of evidence that Israel’s security services are still regularly executing real Palestinians.

The Israeli human rights group B’Tselem denounced the killing last week of a 16-year-old Jerusalem schoolgirl, Fatima Hjeiji, in a hail of bullets. She had frozen to the spot after pulling out a knife some distance from a police checkpoint. She posed no threat, concluded B’Tselem, and did not need to be killed.

The police were unrepentant about their staged execution, calling it “a positive, empowering” demonstration for the youngsters. The event was hardly exceptional.

In communities across Israel this month, the army celebrated Israel’s Independence Day by bringing along its usual “attractions” – tanks, guns and grenades – for children to play with, while families watched army dogs sicking yet more “terrorists”.

In a West Bank settlement, meanwhile, the army painted youngsters’ arms and legs with shrapnel wounds. Blood-like liquid dripped convincingly from dummies with amputated limbs. The army said the event was a standard one that “many families enjoyed”.

The purpose of exposing children at an impressionable age to so much gore and killing is not hard to divine. It creates traumatised children, distrustful and fearful of anyone outside their tribe. That way they become more pliant soldiers, trigger-happy as they rule over Palestinians in the occupied territories.

A few educators have started to sense they are complicit in this emotional and mental abuse.

Holocaust Memorial Day, marked in Israeli schools last month, largely avoids universal messages, such as that we must recognise the humanity of others and stand up for the oppressed. Instead, pupils as young as three are told the Holocaust serves as a warning to be eternally vigilant – that Israel and its strong army are the only things preventing another genocide by non-Jews.

Last year Zeev Degani, principal of one Israel’s most prestigious schools, caused a furore when he announced his school would no longer send pupils on annual trips to Auschwitz. This is a rite of passage for Israeli pupils. He called the misuse of the Holocaust “pathological” and intended to “generate fear and hatred” to inculcate extreme nationalism.

It is not by accident that these trips – imparting the message that a strong army is vital to Israel’s survival – take place just before teenagers begin a three-year military draft.

Increasingly, they receive no alternative messages in school. Degani was among the few principals who had been inviting Breaking the Silence, a group of whistle-blowing soldiers, to discuss their part in committing war crimes.

In response, the education minister, Naftali Bennett, leader of the settlers’ party, has barred dissident groups like Breaking the Silence. He has also banned books and theatre trips that might encourage greater empathy with those outside the tribe.

Polls show this is paying off. Schoolchildren are even more ultra-nationalist than their parents. More than four-fifths think there is no hope of peace with the Palestinians.

But these cultivated attitudes don’t just sabotage peacemaking. They also damage any chance of Israeli Jews living peacefully with the large minority of Palestinian citizens in their midst.

Half of Jewish schoolchildren believe these Palestinians, one in five of the population, should not be allowed to vote in elections. This month the defence minister, Avigdor Lieberman, called the minority’s representatives in parliament “Nazis” and suggested they should share a similar fate.

This extreme chauvinism was translated last week into legislation that defines Israel as the nation-state of the Jewish people around the world, not its citizens. The Palestinian minority are effectively turned into little more than resident aliens in their own homeland.

Degani and others are losing the battle to educate for peace and reconciliation. If a society’s future lies with its children, the outlook for Israelis and Palestinians is bleak indeed.

Jonathan Cook won the Martha Gellhorn Special Prize for Journalism. His latest books are “Israel and the Clash of Civilisations: Iraq, Iran and the Plan to Remake the Middle East” (Pluto Press) and “Disappearing Palestine: Israel’s Experiments in Human Despair” (Zed Books). His website is www.jkcook.net.

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