Russia blocked 3 Israeli attacks in Syria this month: report

BEIRUT, LEBANON (9:00 A.M.) – The Russian military allegedly prevented the Israeli Air Force from conducting three different attacks on Syria since the start of September, Independent Arabia reported on Friday.

Citing a Russian source, the Independent said the Russian military threatened to bring down the Israeli warplanes using their own fighter jets or their S-400 system.

Once such attack was allegedly foiled by the Russian military at turn of the month. In particular, the report said the Russian military prevented an Israeli attack on a missile battery in the Qassioun Mountain area of Damascus.

Another foiled attack allegedly took place in the Al-Quneitra Governorate, when an Israeli fighter jet was heading northwest towards the Syrian coast.

“These developments prompted Netanyahu (Israeli PM) to visit Russia urgently to try to persuade Putin (Russian President) to continue his policy of turning a blind eye to Israel’s attacks in Syria; however, the Russian president told his Israeli visitor that his country would not allow them to harm Assad’s forces or weapons supplied to the regime, saying that allowing this would be considered collusion with Israel and a nuisance for the Russians, especially since Russia considers itself the savior of the Syrian regime,” the publication claimed.

The publication’s claims coincided with a previous report from several Russian publications about Russian Su-35 jets intercepting Israeli warplanes near the Lebanese border.

Neither Russian nor Israel has commented on these claims.

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Weekly report on israel’s terrorism on Palestinians (05 – 11 September 2019)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine (05 – 11 September 2019)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (05 – 11 September 2019)

Israeli violations of human rights in the occupied Palestinian territory

 

05 September – 11 September 2019

 

  • Great March of Return in Eastern Gaza Strip: 2 children killed and 80 civilians injured, including 39 children, 2 paramedics and a journalist.

 

  • West Bank: 5 civilians injured, including a child.

 

  • During 99 incursions into the West Bank: 47 civilians arrested, including 5 children and a woman.

 

  • 2 shooting incidents reported against Palestinian fishing boats off Gaza shores, and 6 others reported at the agricultural lands, east of the Gaza Strip.

 

  • 7 violations committed by Israeli forces and settlers as part of the settlement activity in the West Bank.

                                                

  • 45 temporary checkpoints erupted in the West Bank, where 9 Palestinian civilians were arrested.

 

 

 

Summary

 

 

During the reporting period, PCHR documented 162 violations of the international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli forces and settlers in the occupied Palestinian territory.

 

As part of the Israeli violations of the right to life and bodily integrity, Israeli forces killed 2 children at the Great March of Return in the Gaza Strip and injured 80 other civilians: 39 children, a woman, a journalist, and 2 paramedics, including a female paramedic, at the Great March of Return in the Gaza Strip.  Meanwhile, 5 were injured, including a child, in the West Bank, making a total of 85 injuries among Palestinian civilians by Israeli forces.

 

As part of the Israeli incursions and house raids, Israel carried out 99 incursions into the West Bank and raided civilian houses, attacking and enticing fear among residents in addition to shooting in many incidents. As a result, 47 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children.  In the Gaza Strip, the Israeli forces carried out one limited incursion into the eastern Gaza Strip and arrested 3 Palestinians who tried to infiltrate via the border fence in the eastern and central Gaza Strip.

 

Under the settlement expansion activities in the West Bank. PCHR documented 7 violations, including forcing a civilian to self-demolish his house in Silwan village in Jerusalem, destroying the foundations of 2 residential buildings in al-‘Iziriyah in Jerusalem, demolishing 3 rooms, 3 tinplate dwellings and residential tents in Hebron, and confiscating a construction vehicle and a truck in Qalqiliyah.  Further, as part of the settlers’ attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property in the West Bank, the Israeli settlers threw stones at 3 cars in southern Nablus and broke their windows.

 

During the reporting period, the Israeli naval forces continued their attacks against the Palestinian fishermen and their equipment at sea though sailing within the allowed fishing area.  This week witnessed 2 shooting and chase incidents against the fishermen and their boats.

 

In terms of the Israeli closure policy, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation in the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods and ongoing isolation of the Gaza Strip from the West Bank and the rest of the world. Meanwhile, the West Bank is divided into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilians’ movement is restricted and others are arrested.

 

 

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity

 

  1. Excessive Use of Force against the Great March of Return in the Gaza Strip

 

The 73th Great March of Return took off in eastern Gaza Strip on Friday, 06 September 2019, titled “Protecting the Home Front.” The Israeli attacks resulted in killing 2 children and wounding 80 civilians, including 39 children, 2 paramedics and a journalist.

 

The incidents were as follows:

 

  • Northern Gaza Strip: At approximately 16:30 on Friday, 06 September 2019, hundreds of civilians marched towards the central tent of the Great March of Return (GMR) in Abu Safiyah area, northeast of Jabalia, north of the Gaza Strip. Israeli forces stationed behind sand berms and in military vehicles along the border fence, fired live and rubber bullets as well as teargas canisters at a number of protesters, who threw stones at them. As a result, ‘Ali Sami ‘Ali al-Ashqar (17), from Jabalia refugee camp, was killed after being shot with a live bullet that entered the backside of his chest and exited through the lower front side of his neck while only few meters away from the border fence. Moreover, 36 civilians were injured, including 26 children: 29 with live bullets and their shrapnel; 20 of them were children; 3 with tear gas canisters; and 4, including 3 children, with rubber bullets.
  • Gaza City: at approximately 16:00 on Friday, hundreds of civilians marched in eastern Malakah area, east of Gaza City. Speeches, theatrical performances and other segments were performed at the protest central encampment. Dozens of protestors approached the fence and threw stones with slingshots at Israeli soldiers. The activities continued until 19:00 on the same day. Despite the peaceful nature of the demonstrations, Israeli forces directly stationed along the border fence fired live and rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at the participants. As a result, Khaled Abu Baker Mohammed Sufian al-Rab’ie (14), from al-Shija’iyah neighborhood, was killed. According to PCHR’s investigations, the child arrived at Shifa Hospital at approximately 17:35 with a bullet wound in his waist, while being tens of meters away from the border fence, and he was pronounced dead. Moreover, 16 civilians were injured, including 6 children, a female paramedic and a journalist: 6 with live bullets, 8 with rubber bullets and 2 with tear gas canisters. The wounded paramedic is Mona Khalifah Lubbad (21), who sustained a shrapnel wound to her left foot. The wounded journalist, Ahmed Mohammed al-Hendi (23), sustained a rubber bullet injury to the hand. Mr. al-Hendi works for Siraj Media Services.
  • Central Gaza Strip: at approximately 15:00, hundreds of civilians, including women, children and families, took part in the eastern Bureij refugee camp protests; tens of them gathered adjacent to the border fence at a range varying between 2 – 70 meters. at approximately 17:10, a  number of protestors threw stones with slingshots at Israeli soldiers. The Israeli soldiers, reinforced with several military SUVs, fired live and rubber bullets in addition to teargas canisters at them. As a result, 8 civilians were wounded, including 4 children: 4 were shot with live bullets and their shrapnel, 1 was shot with a rubber bullet and 3 were hit with tear gas canisters.
  • Khan Younis:  The Israeli forces’ use of force against the protesters, who gathered in the encampment in eastern Khuza’ah and near the border fence, resulted in the injury of 9 civilians, including 4 children and a paramedic: 5 with live bullets and shrapnel, 2 with rubber bullets; and 1 with tear gas canisters. Furthermore, many other civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation. They received treatment on the spot in the field medical point. The wounded paramedic, As’ad Sami Mohammed Abu Ghalwah (30), from Khan Younis, was shot with a rubber bullet to the right foot.
  • Rafah: hundreds participated in the eastern Shokah protests, where folklore songs and speeches were held. Dozens approached the border fence and threw stones at the shielded Israeli soldiers, who responded with live and rubber bullets and teargas canisters against the protestors. As a result, 11 civilians were injured, including a child. It was documented that 9 were shot with live bullets and their shrapnel and 2 were shot with rubber bullets.

 

  1. Excessive Use of Force against Protests in the West Bank

 

  • At approximately 13:30 on Friday, 06 September 2019, Palestinians from Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah launched their weekly peaceful protest and headed towards the village’s eastern entrance that has been closed by Israeli forces for the past 15 years in favor of “Kedumim” settlement. The demonstrators chanted national slogans demanding end of the occupation and protested the Israeli forces’ crimes against Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. The protestors threw stones at the Israeli soldiers stationed behind sand berms while the soldiers fired sponge-tipped bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 22-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet to the face and a 19-year-old civilian was hit with a rubber bullet to the lower abdomen.
  • At approximately 12:00 on Sunday, 08 September 2019, Israeli forces dispersed a peaceful protest called for by the national factions in Beit Jala against Israeli forces’ policy of seizing lands of al-Makhrour area, west of the city, in favor of settlement activity. Tens of civilians, activists and representatives of national factions started their protest from Beit Jala western entrance and headed to al-Makhrour area. The participants raised Palestinian flags and chanted national slogans against the Israeli forces’ seizure of Palestinian lands. Monther ‘Amira, Coordinator of the Popular Committee Against the Wall and Settlement, stated that Israeli forces banned the protestors from reaching the abovementioned land and fired tear gas canister at them. Al-Makhrour area, which is about 2000 dunums and considered the only vital outlet in Beit Jala, always targeted by Israeli settlement activities and bypass roads in addition to building acts. Three weeks ago, Israeli forces demolished a restaurant belonging to Ramzi Qaisiyah and seized a 4-dunum land belonging to Saba Iskandar where settlers established a caravan and surrounded it with barbed wire lightened the land using an electric generator.

 

  • At approximately 14:00 on Monday,09 September 2019, students from Birzeit University, a number of civilians and Israeli and human rights defenders launched a peaceful protest at al-Birah northern entrance against the death of Bassam al-Sa’eh in the Israeli prisons. When the protestors approached the checkpoint of “Beit Eil” settlement, north of the city, Israeli soldiers fired live and rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, an 18-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet to the chest. The wounded young man was transferred to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah for medical treatment where he underwent a surgery. Medical sources classified his injury as settled.

 

  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity

 

  • At approximately 21:00 on Friday, 06 September 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at the border area; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 12:15 on Saturday, 07 September 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed eastern Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and chased them. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 12:10, an Israeli drone fired a missile at an agricultural land in al-Shoka village, east of Rafah in southern Gaza Strip; no arrests were reported. The Israeli forces’ spokesperson said in his statement that:” they targeted a group of Palestinians, who fired a drone that crossed the border fence from the Gaza Strip and threw an explosive device at the border area and then returned to the Strip. As a result, a vehicle was partially damaged; no casualties among the soldiers were reported.
  • At approximately 13:45, Israeli forces stationed in east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened  fire at an agricultural land in eastern al-Sanati area in ‘Abasan al-Kabirah. The shooting continued foe few minutes; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They stationed around al-Arabe’in Mosque in the village and evacuated the area. Meanwhile, dozens of Palestinian young men and Israeli soldiers, who used rubber bullets and tear gas canisters. As a result, a young man was hit with a sound bomb shrapnel to the head and received medical treatment in a field medical point. Moreover, the soldiers arrested Mohanned Ma’moun Abu ‘Asab (17).
  • At approximately 10:30 on Sunday, 08 September 2019, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern al-Maghazi. The shooting continued for 15 minutes; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:30, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern al-Qararah area in ‘Abasan al-Kabirah. The shooting continued for few minutes; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:30 on Monday 09 September 2019, Israeli forces moved into Beit Rema village, northwest of Ramallah and patrolled the streets. a number of children, who were heading to their schools, gathered and threw stones at the soldier, who responded with rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the children. As a result, Nour Eden Hazem al-Remawi (10) was shot with a rubber bullet to the right sides of the chest. He was taken to Yasser Arafat Hospital in Salfit for medical treatment. Moreover, the soldiers arrested Mohammed ‘Ezzat al-Remawi (17) after beating him with a rifle’s nozzle.
  • At approximately 09;30 on the same day, Israeli forces opened fire at agricultural lands along the border fence, northeast of al-buraij refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip. the shooting continued for 15 minutes; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:20, Israeli forced opened fire at agricultural lands along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip. The shooting continued for 15 minutes sporadically; neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on the same Monday, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 5 nautical miles and chased them. They also fired a number of flare bombs in the sky of the area. As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Tuesday, 01 September 2019, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Shoka, east of Rafah, opened fire at a checkpoint of the field control point; no casualties were reported.

 

  1. Incursions and Arrests

 

Thursday, 05 September 2019:

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit Kahel, northwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Islam ‘Issa Asafra (33) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Rujeib village, east of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ghazi Maher Abu Mustafa (24) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Daheya Al-Tahta neighborhood, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Wa’el Abdul Karim Hasan Hashash (49). Before their withdrawal from the house, the soldiers confiscated JD 200 and NIS 600 and then handed Hashash a warrant of the confiscated money. Wa’el Hashash said to PCHR fieldworker:

 

“At approximately 02:00, on 05 September 2019, while my family and I were sleeping, I Israeli forces raided my house in the second floor of my fathers’ 2-story house. They gathered all my family members in the living room and then ordered me to bring the any weapon and money in the house. My wife said that there is JD 200 belonging to my daughter, Roa’a, who graduated from high school. After searching the house, the soldiers took the JD 200 in addition to NIS 600 they found in Roa’as purse. The soldiers counted the money in front of us and then handed me a warrant of the confiscated money. The soldiers later withdrew from the house.”

 

  • At the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Maher Sha’ban al-Ra’ei (24) and the arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:40, Israeli forces moved into Kuber village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Serri Haseeb al-Barghouthi (22) and then arrested him.

 

  • Israeli forces carried out (4) incursions in Beit Ummer, Beit ‘Awa and Ethna villages in Hebron; and al-Birah. No arrests were reported.

 

Friday, 06 September 2019:

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Hebron and stationed in Farsh al-Hawa area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Wadeea’ Badran Jaber (25) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 11:00, an Israeli infantry unit moved into Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Bader al-Ajlouni (36) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 19:30, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They stationed around the Arba’een Mosque and then arrested Ahmed Khalid Ateyah (16) while he was leaving the mosque. It should be noted that al-‘Issawiyah village witnesses for weeks daily clashes with Israeli forces that raid civilians’ houses and stores. Furthermore, Israeli forces impose restrictions by establishing more temporary checkpoints that restrict the civilians’ movement via checking their ID cards and issuing fines against them every now and then.

 

  • Israeli forces carried out (12) incursions in Beit Led, Kour, Kafer Sour, al-Ras, Jobarah, and Safarin villages in Tulkarm; ‘Azzoun and Kafer Qaddoum villages in Qalqiliyah; Dura, Beit ‘Awa, Sekkah and Tawas villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

                                      

Saturday, 07 September 2019:

 

  • At approximately 04:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Beira and stationed in al-Baloua’ neighborhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Samah Jaradat (20), a student at Birzeit University, and then arrested her.

 

  • At approximately 10:30, Israeli forces moved into the western entrance to ‘Aqraba village, southwest of Nablus. They confiscated a bulldozer belonging to ‘Aqraba Municipality, which was filling gaps adjacent to the street, and then transferred it to Za’tara checkpoint. Israeli forces claimed that the bulldozer was working in Areas (C). ‘Issam Fawaz Abdul Qader Jarban (55), the bulldozer’s driver, said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

“At approximately 10:30 on Thursday, 07 September 2019 on Thursday, I was driving the municipality’s bulldozer in the western entrance of Za’tara – Jericho Street to fill the dangerous gaps on the street. Suddenly, I was surprised with an Israeli vehicle in front of my way. A soldier stepped out of the vehicle, moved towards me, checked my ID card and then ordered me to drive behind him to Za’atra checkpoint, south of Nablus. After that, the soldiers detained me along with the bulldozer. Mayor, Ghaleb Mayadma, and three municipality members intervened; thus, I was released, but the bulldozer is still confiscated.”

 

  • At approximately 17:00, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence between Gaza Strip and Israel, arrested (3) civilians; a boy and 2 children, who crossed the border fence, and then took them to an unknown destination. Five hours after investigation with the children, Israeli forces released two of them through Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossing, north of the Gaza Strip, namely; Mahmoud Jaber Mohammed al-Na’ami (15) and Mohammed Hani Masa’ad Abu Mandeel (17), while kept Bilal Youssef Eid al-Na’ami (18) under arrest. The three arrestees are living in al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip. Mohammed Abu Mandeel said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

“At approximately 16:45, on Saturday evening, 07 September 2019, Bilal and Mahmoud al-Na’ami, and I crossed 1000 meters into the border fence, east of al-Maghazi, until we sat under a tree. Meanwhile, Israeli soldiers surrounded us and then ordered us to throw everything we have. Bilal threw a knife and a lighter before they handcuffed us and blindfolded us, taking us to an unknown destination. Thirty minutes later, the soldiers took us to a military site and detained us in a caravan; I saw that from underneath the blindfold. few minutes later, three soldiers took me to an unknown destination, and ordered me to talk with an unknown person by the phone. Further, this person investigated with me and asked about my name, personal information, place of residence, and the reason of crossing the border fence and sneaking to Israel. The investigation on phone continued for 5 minutes after which the soldiers returned me to the caravan and investigated with each of my friends alone. Five hours later, the soldiers stepped us in a military vehicle. they used to stop the vehicle every 15 or 20 minutes beat me in the chest and abdomen. The vehicle stopped an hour later and the soldiers unhand cuffed us and released us at Beit Hanoun “Eriz” Crossing, while kept Bilal al-Na’ami under arrest.”

 

  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli forces deployed at Hebron’s Old City, arrested Hamdy Hamad Jaber (16) and then took him to an investigation center in “Keryat Arba” settlement, east of the city. The Israeli forces claimed that they found a knife with the abovementioned child.

 

  • Israeli forces carried out (6) incursions in Kafel Hares and Deir Estia villages in Salfit; ‘Ein Qiniya village, west of Ramallah; Beit Awla, Nuba and Bani Na’im in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

 

Sunday, 08 September 2019

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into the southern area in Hebron and stationed in Abu Suneinah neighborhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Fadi Lafi Abu Suneinah (28) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 10:30 on Israeli forces established a temporary military checkpoint at the eastern entrance to al-Nabi Elyas village, east of Qalqiliyah. They checked Palestinian civilians’ ID cards and then arrested Ahmed Hamdan Abdul Hadi Eshtiwi (22), a member of the Palestinian National security service from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus.

 

  • At approximately11:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Izariyah village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several commercial shops in “Ras Kabsah: area in the village and then arrested Fadi Jamil Matat Shqirat (35).

 

  • At approximately 16:00, Israeli soldiers deployed in Hebron’s Old City, arrested Nabih Taha Abu Suneinah (22) claiming that he disobeyed he soldiers. Abu Suneinah was transferred to a detention center in “Kiryat Arba” settlement, east of the city.

 

  • At approximately 23:00, Israeli forces moved into Hebron and stationed in Sha’er ‘Ein ‘Arab area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Emad Sadeq Qanabi, who is detained since 09 June 2019 and sentenced to life imprisonment in addition to 25 years. The soldiers detained the family members in one room and damaged the house contents and then withdrew from the house; no arrests were reported. Lo’ai (22) said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

 

“At approximately 23:00, my mother, my sister  Heba (15) and brother Zain (17) were sleeping in our house while my brother Abdullah (23) was sitting in a store near the house. Abdullah phone called me and informed me that Israeli soldiers raided and searched our house yard. When I arrived at the house, the soldiers raided the house and entered the living room. A soldier then pushed me into the wall and then detained me in my room. The soldiers did the same with my family members at gunpoint and then searched the rooms. We asked the solders to bring my mother’s jewelry and our money and they allowed us to take them after we argued with them. I tried to speak to a soldier, but he shouted at me and verbally insulted me and my family. The soldier then took me to the toilet where he sat me down at gunpoint for 20 minutes. During their search, other soldiers broke our house contents while searching the rooms in addition to the second floor, which was uninhabited. The soldier took me to my room and asked me about my PC and then moved me to an empty room in the second floor. At approximately 03:30 on Monday 09 September 2019, the solders withdrew from our house.  we found out that the soldiers ransacked the house.”

 

  • Israeli forces carried out (13) incursions in al-Shuyoukh village and al-Fawar refugee camp, north and south of Hebron; Tulkarm, Shuweikah Suburb, Far’oun, al-Jaroushiyah, ‘Azzoun, Kafer Laqef and al-Nabi E;yas villages, Tulkarm and Noor Shams refugee camps east of Qalqiliyah; Kafer al-Deek and Bedia villages, west of Salfit. No arrests were reported.

 

Monday, 09 September 2019:

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Qabatiyah village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested Amin Mohammed Tawfiq Zakarnah (27) and Ahmed Yusuf Khalil Kamil (21).
  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Beit Kahel village, north west of Hebron. They raided and searched the houses belonging to: Laith Yousef Abdul-Hadi ‘Assafra (24) and Mohammed Jehad Assafra (28). They arrested both of them.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Mazra’ah eastern village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mahmoud Mohammed al-Shurti (23) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several a house belonging to Malek Bilal Mohammed Eshtiya (26) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces moved into Silwan village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses after which they arrested Khalil Hasan Mar’I Hamed (33), Mousa Yasser al-Najjar (27), No’man Saleh Hamed (24), Mohammed Lutfi al-Najjar (24) and Mohammed Yasser Hamed (21).

 

  • At approximately 09:00, Yusuf Abed Shehadah (19) handed himself to Israeli forces in investigation center in “Atarot” detention center, north of occupied East of Jerusalem, after the soldiers raided his house few days ago and handed his family a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service.

 

  • At approximately 09:30, Israeli forces backed by 6 military construction vehicles and bulldozers moved about 100 meters into east of al-Buraij refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip. The vehicles leveled the lands and repaired the barbed wire in lands adjacent to the border fence and then they were redeployed along the border fence.

 

  • At approximately 14:30, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Amin Omer Hamed (23) and Mohammed Ayman ‘Obaid (20).

 

  • Israeli forces carried out (2) incursions in Sowreif and Noba villages in Hebron.

 

Tuesday, 10 September 2019:

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Omer Khader al-Shakhshir (25) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Ya’bud village, southwest of Jenin, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Zaid Ahmed Ba’jawi (15) and the arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:15, Israeli forces moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to Jaber Nouh Majirami (21) and then arrested him.

 

  • At the same time, Israeli forces moved into Hebron, stationed at Abu-Snaina neighborhood and raided a number of houses under the pretext of searching for weapons with police dogs. The houses belonged to Nael Ahmed Abu-Hussein and his sons; Ahmed Omar Abu-Hussein; and Said Moustafa Abu-Hussein. They arrested Nael Abu-Hussein (60) and took him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At the same time, Israeli forces raided Jabal Abu-Roman neighborhood in Hebron. They raided and ransacked Kazem Mohammed al-Qasrawi and Azzam Hamdi Abu-‘Aysha’s houses. They withdrew without any arrests.

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Jaba’a village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Baha’a Fayez Salatnah (39) and Morad Mohammed Sa’ed Fashafsha (28) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Tubas. They raided and searched a house belonging to Lo’ai Rashed Abdul Razeq (25) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 03:40, Israeli forces moved into Beit Liqya village, southwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to ‘Ali Nouh Karmi (21) and Younis Sa”ed Dar Mousa (24) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 04:30, Israeli forces moved into Qalqiliya, raided a number of houses and arrest 3 civilians: Nour Adnan Abed (19); Abdul-Latif Ayman Abu-Shaykh (20) and Yacoub Kamal Jabara (21).

 

  • Israeli forces conducted (5) incursions in Um Safa village, northwest of Ramallah; Eskan Rojeeb and Salem villages, east of Nablus. No arrests were reported.

 

 

Wednesday, 11 September 2019:

                   

  • At approximately 01:40, Israeli forces moved into Birzeit village, north of Ramallah, and stationed in the Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yazan Mahgames (20) and Amir Walim Hazbou (20), both are students at Birzeit Universitym, and then arrested them.

 

  • At approximately 14:00, Israeli forces arrested Ahmed Khalil Abu ‘Aram (26), from Yatta, south of Hebron after detaining him at a temporary checkpoint at Hebron’s southern entrance (al-Fahes).

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Doha village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Baker Mousa Qowar (22) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Zaki Sultan ‘Obaid (24) and then arrested him.

 

  • Israeli forces conducted (14) incursions in al-Samou’a, Beit Awla, Deir Samet villages and Kherbat al-Semia in Hebron; Kouber, Abu Qash, Barham, Abu Shakhidem, al-Mazra’a al-Gharbiyah, Jafna, ‘Ein Senia, Dor al-Qare’a villages and al-Jalazoun refugee camp in Ramallah and al-Birah.

 

  • At approximately 02:15, Israeli forces moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mahmoud Ghazi Abu Zaytoun (21) and then arrested him.

 

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank including occupied East Jerusalem

 

  1. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities

 

  • On Thursday, 05 September 2019, Jameel Masalmah implemented the Israeli municipality decision to self-demolish his house in Wadi Rababah area in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Masalmah said that the municipality staff raided his house and informed him to self-demolish his house completely within 24 hours or he will pay a fine estimated at NIS 84,000. Thus, he was forced to self-demolish his 50-sqaure-meter houses built 20 years ago. He added that he attempted to license his houses, but in vain. It should be noted that there is an unlicensed 4-story-building for settlers located next to his house. He said that he was forced to live in his brother’s house with his family comprising of 5 persons. Lately, the Israeli Municipality escalated its self-demolish policy and ordered the facilities’ owners in Jerusalem to self-demolish their facilities. If the owners refused, they will pay a fine and demolition costs. Since the beginning of this year, over 110 residential, agricultural and commercial facilities were demolished in Jerusalem; 30 of them were self-demolished by using bulldozers, manual tools and machinery.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Monday, 09 September 2019, an Israeli force backed by several military vehicles in addition to a bulldozer belonging to the Civil Administration moved into Kherbat Salamah, east of Tarqumiya village, west of Hebron. The bulldozer demolished an agricultural room built of bricks and tin plates on an area of 10 square meters belonging to Mohammed Khalil Ja’afrah. The room was demolished under the pretext of building without a license.

 

  • At approximately 14:00 on Monday, 09 September 2019, Israeli forces moved into “ Mohamed Mount” area, which belongs to Kafur Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyia. The Israeli forces surrounded a bulldozer and a truck belonging to Amjad ‘Abed al-Mo’min Yousef Jum’a, from Kafur Qaddoum village, and Samer Redwan ‘Abed al-Latif Ahmed, from Hejah village, under the pretext of non-licensing in area C. Jum’a said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: “ at approximately 14:00 on Monday, 09 September 2019, while we were leveling and cleaning a road within a project belonging to Kafur Qaddoum village committee, Israeli forces backed by a vehicle of the Israeli Civil Administration ordered us to stop working and then confiscated the truck and bulldozer, taking them to an unknown destination. We were at around 50 meters away from residential houses and did not know if construction works are banned in this area or not. Following that, we headed to the official authorities and the Israeli military liaison, which informed us that construction works in area C are banned and gave us a list of confiscated items.

 

  • At approximately 07:00, on Wednesday 11 September 2019, Israeli soldiers and machinery carried out the foundation’s destruction of two buildings in al-Aizareya city, east of the occupied eastern Jerusalem belonging to Samer Abu Zeyad, under the pretext of building without a permit.

Abu Zeyad said that the Israeli forces moved into the two buildings that are still under construction in Ra’s al-Bostan neighborhood, in al-Aizareya city, after completely closing all roads leading to it. After that, the Israeli bulldozers destroyed them and prevented everybody from approaching to the site, and attempted to attack his son Mohammed (20). Mohammed said that he started the building process from the beginning of this year. Abu Zeyad added that the occupied government handed him the destruction decision in May, but he cancelled the decision and got a building license from the competent authorities, but he was surprised in the abovementioned day from the destruction decision.

 

  • At approximately 09:00 of the same day, Israeli military forces reinforced with several military vehicles, belonging to the Civil Administration and four diggers moved into Kherbet al-Mafqara in the southeast of Yata, south of Hebron. The Israeli forces surrounded the civilians’ houses, while destruction machinery destroyed (3) tinplate houses and a residential tint, under the pretext of building without a permit. The destroyed houses belonging to:
  1. Fady Jasem al-Hamamda: a tinplate house willing of 25 Square meters.
  2. Bakr Mohammed Hamamda: a tinplate house willing of 25 Square meters.
  3. Mo’az Hussain Mahmoud Hamamda: a tinplate house willing of 25 Square meters.
  4. ‘Adla Maher al-Hamamda: a residential tent willing of 20 Square meters.
  • At the same time, an Israeli force backed by several military vehicles, a vehicle belonging to the Civil Administration and 2 diggers, moved into Kherbat al-Rakeez, southeast of Yatta, south of Hebron. They surrounded civilians’ houses and then demolished 3 rooms built of tin plates and bricks on an area of 20 square meters in addition to a well of 50 cubic meters belonging to jabber Mohammed Dababsah and ‘Amer Mohammed Dababsah. They also closed the road connecting al-Mosafer area that links between al-Towanah and Sho’ab al-Batam.

 

 

  1. Israeli Settler Violence

 

 

  • At approximately 05:00 on Sunday, 08 September 2019, a group of Israeli settlers, from “Yatizhar” settlement, which is established in the eastern side of ‘Asirah al-Qabaliyia village, attacked al-Foqah neighborhood. They broke the windows of 3 vehicles with stones and punctured their tires. The village’s residents confronted them and threw stones at them. The affected persons were identified as: ‘Abed al-Baset Mohamed Ahmed, ‘Abed al-Wahab ‘Abed al-Rahman Mohamed Ahmed, and Rafiq ‘Abed al-Baset Mohamed Ahmed.

 

  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

                          

The Gaza Strip

 

As the Israeli closure of the Gaza Strip enters its 14th consecutive year this July, severe restrictions on the freedom of movement of persons and goods enhance the de facto separation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Moreover, Israeli naval forces imposed a blockade, chased fishermen, opened fire at them, and confiscated their fishing equipment. During the reporting period, — shooting incidents and chasing fishermen and their boats were documented.

 

Note: No updates occurred on the state of the crossing during the reporting.

 

West Bank

 

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. Israeli forces established 45 temporary checkpoints and arrested a number of civilians.

 

The military checkpoint were as follows:

 

Hebron:

 

  • On Thursday, 05 September 2019, Israeli forces established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to al-‘Aroub and al-Fawar refugee camps, at the entrance to al-Dahiriyia village, and on Jalajel village road.
  • On Friday, 06 September 2019, 2 similar checkpoints were established at the northern entrance to Hebron and at the entrance to Yatta.
  • On Saturday, 07 September 2019, Israeli forces established 3 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhoul village and at the entrances to Ethna and Samou’a villages.
  • On Sunday, 08 September 2019, Israeli forces established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Bani Na’iem, al-Dahiriyia, al-Koum and Abu Risha villages.
  • On Monday, 09 September 2019, Israeli forces established 3 temporary checkpoints on the southern entrances to Hebron and Halhoul, as well as Bani Nai’m village.
  • On Tuesday, 10 September 2019, Israeli forces established 5 temporary checkpoints on the entrances of Hebron, al-Samou’ village, al-‘Aroub refugee camp, al-Kom village and Tarousa road.
  • On Wednesday, 11 September 2019, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoints on the entrances to Yatta city and Tafouh village.

 

Ramallah and al-Bireh:

 

  • On Friday, 06 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint on the southern entrance to Ramallah.
  • On Saturday, 07 September 2019, Israeli forces established 3 checkpoints on the entrances to Ayn Siena, Tarmasi’a and Nabi Saleh villages.
  • On Monday, 09 September 2019, Israeli forces established 3 temporary checkpoints on the entrances to Nabi Saleh and ‘Aboud villages on the north western side of Ramallah, as well as Beit ‘Our Tahta, west of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 10 September 2019, Israeli forces established another checkpoint on the entrance of Dourat al-Qar’ village, north of the city.

 

Jericho:

 

  • On Monday, 09 September 2019, Israeli forces established 2 temporary checkpoints on the southern and northern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Tuesday, 10 September 2019, Israeli forces established a temporary checkpoint on the northern entrance to Jericho.

 

Nablus:

 

  • At approximately 20:25 on Thursday, 05 September 2019, Israeli forces imposed more arbitrary restrictions on Palestinian civilians’ vehicles while passing through Beit Foreek village’s checkpoint.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Saturday, 07 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the south-eastern entrance to Tal village.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 10 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint on Tal Nablus Road, south of Nablus.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli forces stationed at a military checkpoint established at the entrance to “Shafi Shamroun” settelemnt, on Jenin-Nablus Road, obstructed Palestinian civilians’ movement, stopped their vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs. No arrests among them were reported.

 

  • Qalqiliyia:

 

  • At approximately 00:30 on Thursday, 05 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.

 

  • At approximately 18:50 on Saturday, 07 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Heblah village, south of Qalqiliyia.

 

  • At approximately 18:50 on Sunday, 08 September 2019, a similar checkpoint was established at the entrance to Kafur Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyia.

 

  • At approximately 19:15 on 08 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.

 

  • At approximately 18:50 on Sunday, 08 September 2019, Israeli forces established a temporary checkpoint on the entrance to Koffor Qadoum village, north east of Qalqilyia.

 

  • Also on Sunday, at approximately 19:15, Israeli forces established a temporary checkpoint at the eastern city entrance.

 

  • At approximately 08:40 on Monday, 09 September 2019, Israeli forces established a temporary checkpoint on the northen entrance on ‘Azzoun village;

 

  • Also on Monday, Israeli forces established a temporary checkpoint, at approximately 20:10 on the entrance to al-Nabi Elias village, east of the city.

 

Salfit:

 

  • At approximately 11:30 on Friday, 06 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Dir Ballout village, west of Salfit.
  • At approximately 21:00, a similar checkpoint was established at the entrance to Kaful Hares village, north of the city.

قواعد الاشتباك: بدأت بـ«الخط الأزرق» ولا تنتهي بالمسيَّرة

قواعد الاشتباك: بدأت بـ«الخط الأزرق» ولا تنتهي بالمسيَّرة

حاطت بامتحان 24 آب، عندما سقطت الطائرتان المسيّرتان الإسرائيليتان فوق الضاحية الجنوبية تكهنات وهواجس شتى بشأن قواعد الاشتباك. أتى بعد ذلك هجوم الحزب في الأول من أيلول على آلية إسرائيلية كي يضعه في خانة الرد على الغارة الإسرائيلية على دمشق قبل أيام، مع التأكيد أن الرد على إسقاط الطائرتين المسيرتين محسوم وحتمي، لكنه ينتظر توقيته المناسب.

مع أن تعبير «قواعد الاشتباك» ليس محدثاً، ويعود إلى عام 2000، إلا أنه دخل في الأسبوعين المنصرمين في القاموس اليومي للمفردات الأكثر توتراً لدى اللبنانيين، وفي الوقت نفسه مصدراً للذعر تارة، والتخويف طوراً لدى خصوم الحزب.

أولى قواعد اشتباك رُسمت بين لبنان وإسرائيل، من غير أن يكون حزب الله طرفاً مباشراً فيها، كانت على إثر انسحاب الجيش الإسرائيلي من الجنوب في أيار 2000، والمفاوضات التي أجراها لبنان مع الأمم المتحدة عبر موفدها تيري رود لارسن لرسم خط حدودي جديد نجم عن الانسحاب هو «الخط الأزرق». يومذاك، رفضت إسرائيل الاعتراف بلبنانية مزارع شبعا، وتالياً الانسحاب منها، متمسكة باحتلالها لها بأن اعتبرتها خارج «الخط الأزرق»، عندئذ عدّها لبنان ومعه حزب الله أرضاً محتلة، للمقاومة حق مشروع في تنفيذ هجمات على المزارع تلك. أما «الخط الأزرق» – وقد اعتمده لبنان ولا يزال خط انسحاب وليس خط حدود دولية – فاحترمه الطرفان، من غير أن ينجو من عدد من الحوادث الأمنية المتفرقة من حين إلى آخر، لكن من غير أن تنطبق عليه مواصفات مزارع شبعا التي أضحت منطقة عمليات عسكرية توسّعت ما بين عامي 2000 و2006.

تبعاً لمعادلة الفصل بين «الخط الأزرق» ومزارع شبعا، وُلدت أولى مقومات قواعد الاشتباك التي أبلغها لبنان إلى لارسن، وبدا الرجل يفاوض عن إسرائيل أكثر منه ممثلاً للأمم المتحدة. مفاد قواعد الاشتباك تلك الآتي: ما دامت إسرائيل انسحبت إلى ما وراء الحدود، فليس لها أن تخرق «الخط الأزرق»، ما يعني أن كل انتهاك للأراضي اللبنانية سيُقابل بمثله للأراضي المحتلة. في مقابل اعتداء إسرائيلي عبر «الخط الأزرق»، سيُرد عليه عبر «الخط الأزرق» أيضاً، وفي مقابل اعتداء على العمق اللبناني يُرد عليه في العمق «الإسرائيلي»، وفي مقابل اعتداء من مزارع شبعا التي هي خارج خط الانسحاب يُرد عليه في المزارع المحتلة.

ثانية قواعد الاشتباك كرّست القواعد الأولى وثبّتتها على إثر حرب تموز 2006، آخذة في الاعتبار إخفاق إسرائيل في تدمير حزب الله وصدور القرار 1701، وتوسيع نطاق دور القوة الدولية والجيش اللبناني في منطقة فصل ما بين الحزب شماليّ نهر الليطاني وإسرائيل وراء «الخط الأزرق». وخلافاً لما رافق وضع القواعد الأولى في ظل وجود الجيش السوري في لبنان وسلطة سياسية حليفة لحزب الله وفّرت له الغطاء الكامل وفاوضت الأمم المتحدة بالنيابة عنه إلى حد، رافق حرب 2006 تطوران بارزان: خروج سوريا من لبنان وصعود سلطة سياسية مثلتها قوى 14 آذار مناوئة لحزب الله أربكته إلى حد بعيد إبان المواجهات العسكرية. لم تحترم السلطات السياسية اللبنانية قواعد اشتباك 2000 وإطلاق يد حزب الله إلا بعد أحداث 7 أيار 2008 التي وضعت حداً للدور السلبي لسلطة قوى 14 آذار حياله، وفرضت عليها الإقرار بواقع القواعد تلك التي تمكّن حزب الله – كمقاومة – من الرد على كل انتهاك إسرائيلي. مذذاك، أُعيد الاعتبار الرسمي اللبناني إلى قواعد الاشتباك، وإشعار حزب الله، في مواجهة إسرائيل، بأن له ظهيراً يشبه – وإن بتحفظ – مرحلة 2000.

منذ عام 2006 إلى البارحة، انتهكت إسرائيل قواعد الاشتباك مرتين في مدة متباعدة: في 18 كانون الثاني 2015 باغتيالها في القنيطرة جهاد عماد مغنية، فلوّح الأمين العام للحزب بالرد من لبنان على كل تعرّض لمقاتليه في سوريا بغية تأمين حماية لهم في دعمهم نظام الرئيس بشار الأسد. تكرّر الانتهاك في 24 آب 2019 عندما أغارت إسرائيل على ريف دمشق وقتلت مقاتلين للحزب هما حسن زبيب وياسر ضاهر، فردّ حزب الله في الأول من أيلول بهجوم على آلية إسرائيلية داخل الأراضي المحتلة. في الغداة، 25 آب، وكانت قد سقطت طائرتان مسيّرتان فوق الضاحية الجنوبية، وضع نصرالله قاعدتين جديدتين للاشتباك من ضمن قدراته القتالية: أولى، وجود الحزب في سوريا امتداد لوجوده من لبنان، والرد تالياً يكون من لبنان كما لو أن الاعتداء في لبنان بالذات. ثانية، اعتبار الطائرات الإسرائيلية المسيّرة فوق الأراضي اللبنانية هدفاً للحزب.

 

نصر الله: لن نترك إيران!

نصر الله: لن نترك إيران!

تشهد الضاحية الجنوبية لبيروت اليوم مسيرة حاشدة بمناسبة العاشر من محرم، يتحدث في نهايتها السيد حسن نصر الله، الذي أعاد في خطابه أمس التأكيد على وحدة محور المقاومة، معلناً الوقوف إلى جانب إيران في معركتها الرامية إلى فك الحصار عنها

أعاد الأمين العام لحزب الله السّيد حسن نصر الله، أمس، التأكيد على وحدة محور المقاومة في المنطقة. ومن بوابة الربط بين معركة كربلاء وموقف إيران وما تتعرّض له من حربٍ أميركية، قال إن «قائد مخيمنا اليوم هو الإمام الخامئني ومركزه الجمهورية الإسلامية الإيرانية، وتحاول أميركا أن تحاصره». كما توجه إلى الخامنئي بالقول: «في وجه أميركا وإسرائيل ما تركناك يا ابن الحسين»، مستنداً إلى الشعار الحسيني لمراسم عاشوراء هذا العام «أنبقى بعدك؟».

وبالرغم من أن خطاب أمس لم يتطرق إلى القضايا السياسية، بعكس ما هو متوقع لخطاب العاشر اليوم، إلا أنه توجه برسائل للرئيس الأميركي دونالد ترامب ورئيس وزراء العدو بنيامين نتنياهو، قائلاً فيها: «نقول لترامب ونتنياهو الليلة وغداً (ليل أمس واليوم) نحن قومٌ لا يمس بإرادتنا لا حصار ولا عقوبات ولا فقر ولا جوع».

ميدانياً، أسقط حزب الله أمس طائرة مسيّرة إسرائيلية فوق بلدة رامية، مكتفياً بعدها ببيان مقتضب، أعلن فيه إسقاط المسيّرة «بالأسلحة المناسبة» في خراج البلدة، مشيراً إلى أنها أصبحت في يد المقاومين. وإذ تعمّد الحزب عدم تحديد نوع السلاح المستخدم ولا نوع الطائرة، فقد تعمّد أيضاً عدم تضخيم العملية، بدليل عدم تطرق السيد حسن نصر الله إلى الموضوع في كلمته خلال إحياء الليلة التاسعة من عاشوراء، أمس. لكن مع ذلك، فإن العملية ذهبت إلى تأكيد انتفاء الخطوط الحمر في المواجهة مع العدو. فكما ثبّت الحزب معادلة الرد على الاعتداءات عبر الأراضي الفلسطينية بدلاً من الأراضي اللبنانية المحتلة، فقد ثبّت أمس معادلة حق الرد في أي منطقة في لبنان، وبينها منطقة جنوب الليطاني المشمولة بالقرار 1701، من دون أن يعني ذلك بالضرورة أن ما جرى أمس هو «نهاية الرد» على الاختراق الاسرائيلي الخطير للضاحية الجنوبية فجر 25 آب.

التعيينات الخميس… وأحمد الحريري يضغط لتعيين مقرّبين منه

أما في رامية التي استفاق أهلها على خبر العملية التي نُفّذت في بلدتهم، فلا أحد يعلم أين موقع سقوط طائرة الاستطلاع الإسرائيلية. فقط عبر وسائل الإعلام، انتشرت الأنباء بين الأهالي بأن حقول التبغ في ناحية مرج المزرعة المتاخمة للحدود المتحفظ عليها لبنانياً، هي مسرح المهمة الثانية للمقاومة بعد عملية «أفيفيم» في الأول من أيلول. حاول البعض الذهاب لرؤية مكان العملية، لكنه لم يجد سوى عدد من الصحافيين والشباب (الصفة التي تطلق اصطلاحاً على عناصر حزب الله في القرى). لا بقايا حطام للمسيرة ولا أثر حريق في الحقل. من لم تحركه حشريته نحو مرج المزرعة، تابع أشغاله المعتادة.

في المقابل، اختفى أثر العدو في موقعي عميرام وزرعيت خلف البراميل الزرقاء عند حدود رامية المتحفّظ عليها، كما اختفى من على الساتر الترابي الذي استحدثه العدو قبل عام ليحجب المستوطنة عن البرج الذي رفعته جمعية «أخضر بلا حدود». حتى إن الطائرات المعادية التي سمع صوتها تحلق في الأجواء، لم تخترق الخط الأزرق، كما أكد جندي الجيش اللبناني المرابط في موقع قريب.

عون: النخبة في التعيينات

من جهة أخرى، دعا ​رئيس الجمهورية​ ​ميشال عون​ اللبنانيين الى «عدم الخوف على ​المستقبل​ لأن لبنان لن يسقط على الاطلاق»، منوّها بـ«ما تحقق من مصالحات بين جميع الافرقاء»، ولافتاً الى أنه «سعى الى هذه المصالحات لأنه في ظل الخلافات التي كانت سائدة كان يصعب الانطلاق بمعالجة الازمات والتحديات الماثلة اقتصادياً ومالياً واجتماعياً».

وخلال استقباله رئيس ​المجلس العام الماروني​ ​وديع الخازن​، على رأس وفد من أعضاء الهيئتين التنفيذية والعامة، أكد الرئيس عون أنه «لولا تحقيق الاستقرار السياسي والامني، لما كانت هناك قدرة على الاصلاح الاقتصادي»، مشدّداً على أنه «مستمر في العمل على إعادة تركيب ​الدولة​ حجراً حجراً، وإن ​التعيينات​ المقبلة ستكون على أساس اختيار النخبة لتتبوّأ المواقع الاساسية على نحو ينعكس تصحيحاً للوضع القائم وتحسيناً لسير العمل».
وأوضح «إننا نحاول معالجة الازمة الراهنة بكل ما أوتينا من إمكانات، وهو أمر صعب، لكننا سنحاول القيام بذلك»، مضيفاً «اليوم، وبعد معالجة كل الامور التي طرأت مؤخراً بتنا على الطريق الصحيح، وسنخرج من الازمة تدريجياَ».

إلى ذلك، يرأس عون جلسة مجلس الوزراء الخميس في قصر بعبدا، حيث يُتوقع أن تشهد طرح ملف التعيينات. وصار من شبه المحسوم تعيين الامين العام المساعد لتيار المستقبل جلال كبريت (بيروت) مديراً عاماً للبلديات في وزارة الداخلية، وعضو المكتب السياسي في التيار سامر حدارة (عكار) مديراً عاماً لوزارة السياحة التي كانت عادة من نصيب بيروت، علماً بأن كليهما مقرّبان من الامين العام للتيار أحمد الحريري الذي مارس ضغوطاً لتعيينهما.

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Sayyed Nasrallah: No More Red Lines in Any New Attack, War on Iran to Eliminate ’Israel’

Zeinab Essa

Sayyed Nasrallah: No More Red Lines in Any New Attack, War on Iran to Eliminate ’Israel’

Hezbollah Secretary General His Eminence Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah stressed on Tuesday the axis of Resistance’s support to its leader and its heart, His Eminence Imam Sayyed Ali Khamenei – Leader of Islamic Revolution.

Addressing hundreds of thousands of mourners commemorating Ashura on the 10th of Muharram, Sayyed Nasrallah renewed his party’s eternal pledge to the top cause of our nation, the Palestinian cause.

“We renew with the Palestinian people and Resistance our pledge that there is no choice away from resisting the “Israeli” occupation,” His Eminence said, reaffirming Hezbollah’“ eternal commitment to the Palestinian cause and to confront what is being planned in the ‘deal of the century’ .”

Moreover, he stated that “this stance costs us a lot but it is our commitment.”

He further deplored “Israeli” Prime Minster Benjamin Netanyahu’s desecration to the Holy Ibrahimi Mosque. “The Palestinian stance is the main pillar in the confrontation against the US-‘Israeli’ scheme. These people will protect their cause and holy sites.”

“We – in Hezbollah – reaffirm our commitment to the rights of the Palestinian people in Lebanon as honorable refugees, who must return to their homeland,” The Resistance Leader added.

Moving to the Yemeni arena, Sayyed Nasrallah lamented the fact that “the people of Yemen are the title of oppression and siege as [Imam] Hussein was in Karbala.”

“The war on the Yemeni people has turned into a futile war in light of the international community’s silence and the US-British partnership,” he underscored, pointing out that “the recent developments in southern Yemen form an evidence on the Saudi-Emirati aggression’s false allegations regarding protecting Yemen’s legitimacy.”

His Eminence once again renewed the call to an immediate end to the war on Yemen.

In parallel, Sayyed Nasrallah denounced he Bahraini regime’s actions, describing it a “a traitor that went far in normalizing with the “Israeli” enemy as well as in supporting the “Israeli” aggressions against the people of Palestine, Lebanon, Iraq and Syria.”

Addressing the peaceful Bahraini revolutionary people, His Eminence said: “You, in your peaceful revolution, are waging a jihad for the sake of Allah.”

On another level, he confirmed that “the unjust sanctions on the axis of resistance forms an aggression practiced by the US administration after the failure of the Zionist wars on the resistance.”

“If our people were oppressed by the sanctions, we must act differently and the state must act as well,” Sayyed Nasrallah emphasized, urging the Lebanese sides to open the file of sanctions because it has put the Lebanese economy under attack.”

In this context, he highlighted that “the government must defend the Lebanese and state institutions must not rush to execute the American desires in terms of sanctions.”

“The Lebanese resistance has been on the sanctions lists for years and this is not new. But

when this aggression expands to target others in Lebanon – banks that have nothing to do with Hezbollah – this needs a different approach. We must reevaluate and study our choices well,” His Eminence went on to say.

Regarding the recent “Israeli” attacks on Lebanon, Hezbollah Secretary General viewed that “the recent aggression against Dahyia [the southern suburbs of Beirut] through the bombed drones was a great one.

In addition, Sayyed Nasrallah hailed the united Lebanese official and popular stances in face of the dangerous “Israeli” aggression. “Today we are setting the equations and strengthening the deterrence that protects our country.”

According to His Eminence, “The invincible “Israeli” army turned to act in Hollywood movies. For the first time, the “Israeli” enemy is building a security zone inside occupied Palestine with a depth of 5 km.”

To the apartheid “Israeli” entity, Sayyed Nasrallah sent a sounding message: “If Lebanon is attacked, Hezbollah will respond to the aggression appropriately to defend Lebanon. Lebanon respects 1701 and Hezbollah is part of the government that respects this resolution but if “Israel” attacks, there will be no red lines at all.”

“Lebanon has imposed itself on world powers and everyone contacted it after the latest “Israeli” attack, prior to the resistance’s response and during the Hezbollah response,” Sayyed Nasrallah added, noting that “Lebanon must know that it is strong through the army-people-resistance equation and all countries in the world contacted our government to thwart us from retaliating to the “Israeli” aggression.”

On the Lebanese economic situation, he assured that “the situation is not hopeless and there is a possibility to address it if there is the necessary seriousness. The same as we discussed the previous state budget we will discuss the 2020 budget.”

“The principles that govern our stance will be the same. We refuse any new taxes on low-income citizens in any economic solutions in Lebanon. Instead of going to the pockets of the poor, let us search for the looted funds, and this should be the leading choice to address the economic situation,” His Eminence said.

On the regional scene, Sayyed Nasrallah rejected any war scheme against the Islamic Republic of Iran because it will ignite the region.

“We will not be neutral in the battle between the truth and falsehood and who thinks that the supposed war will be the end of the axis of resistance I tell them that it will result in the end of both “Israel” and the US domination in our region,” he clarified.

According to His Eminence, “Today, our Hussein is Imam Sayyed Ali Khamenei and the Islamic Republic of Iran is the heart of the resistance’s axis.”

To Imam Khamenei, Sayyed Nasrallah said: “ We tell you as the companions of Imam Hussein said on the 10th night of Muharram, ‘We won’t leave you, O son of Hussein’.”

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المسيّرات الإسرائيلية one way ticket

المسيّرات الإسرائيلية one way ticket

سبتمبر 9, 2019

روزانا رمّال

مرتكزات عدة في نقاش مبدأ إسقاط المسيَّرات الإسرائيلية في لبنان تأخذ مكانها بعيداً عن كلام الأمين العام لحزب الله ووعوده بالبدء بمرحلة جديدة والشروع بإسقاط كل ما هو مسيَّر كلما كانت الفرصة سانحة لحزب الله. فالإسرائيليون لم يكن لديهم أدنى شك من منطلق التجربة مع «عدو» كحزب الله بأن كلام نصرالله شكلي او مجرد تهديد أو رفع لمعنويات شعبه، بل على العكس منذ اللحظة الاولى ادركت القيادات العسكرية الإسرائيلية أن الأمر آيل للتنفيذ. ولهذا السبب شهدت الأجواء اللبنانية تكثيفاً لطلعات مسيّرات في الـ 48 ساعة التي أعقبت تهديد نصرالله كنوع من التحدي اضطر نصرالله أن يوضح بعدها ان حزب الله لم يعد بمهاجمة كل المسيّرات إنما هذا مقرون بظروف المهمة فبقي الأكيد أن القرار «بالملاحقة» اتخذ.

لكن الأهم بالنسبة للقيادات الأمنية الإسرائيلية هو نقل المعركة نحو الأجواء وهو نقطة التفوق «الوحيدة» التي تزخّم الحضور الإسرائيلي وترفع من مهابة آلته العسكرية. فـ»إسرائيل» وبكل وضوح هي «سيدة الأجواء» في المنطقة. فلا سلاح يضاهيها ولا مهمات توازي طلعاتها الجوية. واذا كان الاشتباك قد انتقل الى الجو فإن المأزق الإسرائيلي صار «كارثياً» كمن يتجرّد من نقطة قوته تدريجياً. فالمنطق العسكري يفرض على الخبراء في تل أبيب عدم التوقف عند فكرة إسقاط طائرة مسيّرة من هنا او هناك، بل يفرض البحث في ما يملكه حزب الله لمواجهة قطع الجو الإسرائيلية الحربية. فمن يمتلك القدرة على إسقاط طائرات استطلاع هو بدون شك متجه نحو إسقاط طائرات مقاتلة في المرحلة المقبلة. كما أن حزب الله وعملاً بتحالفاته الإقليمية والدولية وبمنطق الأمور الذي اخذت نحو تشارك في الميدان السوري والعراقي واليمني فإن مسألة امتلاكه سلاحاً كاسراً لطائرات الجو هو بديهي اليوم. لكن المعادلة السابقة لم تكن فيها اولوية حزب الله الكشف عن قدراته الجوية، ولهذا السبب لطالما أرادت «إسرائيل» إيقاع الحزب بفِخاخ للكشف عما يملك لتبني على الشيء مقتضاه، لكنه لم يقع فيها ولم يكن أيضاً أمين عام حزب الله في أي وقت من الاوقات مفرطاً بمعلومات مجانية لـ»إسرائيل»، خصوصاً من هذا النوع في معرض حديثه.

وبطبيعة الحال لا بد من النظر الى حليف حزب الله الأساسي اي إيران وقدراتها الدفاعية الجوية وقدراتها العسكرية التي استطاع الحرس الثوري عبرها إسقاط واحدة من أقوى الطائرات المسيرة في العالم منذ أشهر قليلة في محافظة هرمزكان في جنوب إيران. والطائرة من طراز غلوبال هوك تصنعها الشركة الأميركية نورثروب غرونمان وقد أُسقطت في منطقة «كوه مبارك» بعد أن اخترقت أجواء الجمهورية الإسلامية الإيرانية وقد أعلنت القيادة المركزية للقوات الأميركية حينها أن طائرة استطلاع تابعة للبحرية الأميركية أُسقطت بصاروخ إيراني أرض – جو فوق مضيق هرمز. هذه الطائرة التي تبلغ قيمتها أكثر من مئتي مليون دولار وعددها المحدود جداً لدى الأميركيين قلبت الموازين في مسألة شن حرب أميركية على إيران لأن الكشف عن هذه المقدرات الإيرانية «المتطورة» جعل من واشنطن تتريث في اتخاذ أي قرار من هذا النوع.

بالعودة للتفوّق الجوي فإن الأمر نفسه والقلق نفسه سيراود «إسرائيل» في الأيام المقبلة، لأنه لا يوجد أي ضمانة بان إيران لم تسلم حزب الله صواريخ قادرة على إسقاط طائرات إسرائيلية مقاتلة في اي حرب مقبلة. فكيف بالحال وأن «إسرائيل» تعرف ان للحزب مقدرات استطلاعية متطوّرة وهو الذي أرسل طائرة استطلاع فوق الأراضي المحتلة منذ ثلاث سنوات تقريباً عُرفت باسم «أيوب» وقد دخلت الأراضي المحتلة وعادت إلى الأجواء اللبنانية سالمة بدون أن تلحظها المضادات الإسرائيلية حتى وعليه فإن حرب الأجواء انتقلت للمرة الأولى لتصبح هي العنصر المريب بالنسبة لـ»إسرائيل»، وكيفية التعاطي معها يجعلها مكبلة أكثر من أي وقت مضى.

إسقاط مسيّرة فوق منطقة رامية الجنوبية اللبنانية هو رسالة مباشرة بأن على الإسرائيليين توقع من اليوم أن حزب الله باشر بأعماله بمراقبة ما يتحرّك بالأجواء اللبنانية، وإذا كان على «إسرائيل» تدارك الأمر، فإنها ستضع أمامها سلفاً فكرة الخسائر المحققة من أي طائرة مسيّرة أو طائرة استطلاع متطوّرة تحلّق فوق لبنان، لأن نسبة عودتها آمنة ستكون خمسين بالمئة بعد اليوم، لهذا فإن تل أبيب ستضع بحسبانها حكماً وبشكل منطقي الخيار «الأسوأ»، وهو إن اي دخول لمسيرات إسرائيلية للأجواء اللبنانية قد قطع لها حزب الله ما يشبه one way ticket فهي لن تعود الى مراكزها سالمة. وبالتالي الخسائر الإسرائيلية «المحققة» صارت بحكم المتوقعة بالنسبة للأجهزة الأمنية الإسرائيلية ليبقى «المربك جداً بالنسبة لتل ابيب» هو العمل الاستخباري الذي صار مقيّداً بشكل كبير من الجو فوق لبنان، لا بل ربما يعرض «إسرائيل» للانكشاف، لان احتمال أن يسقط حزب الله مسيرات بدون ان تتمكن «إسرائيل» من تفجيرها هو أيضاً احد الاحتمالات الورادة وبحال وصلت الى ايدي الحزب حيث سيتمّ تحليلها وكشف مواطن اهتمام الإسرائيليين بالعموم.

إقدام حزب الله على اسقاط مسيرة هو بداية اعلان أكيدة عن مرحلة جديدة من التوازن الذي كان يحكم عدوين يعرفان بعضهما جيداً، ولعل الرسائل بينهما اليوم التي تبدأ عند الحدود اللبنانية ولا تنتهي عند الحدود السورية فالعراقية وربما اليمنية، خصوصاً ضمن تبادل السلاح والأهداف بين المحور الواحد أكبر من أن يحللها مراقبون عن بُعد، لكن وبالمحصلة أدخل حزب الله الأجواء اللبنانية ضمن معادلته الجديدة وأدخل معها جرعة جديدة من الردع لحماية البلاد.

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WAR REPORT: HEZBOLLAH SHOOTS DOWN ISRAELI DRONE OVER LEBANON

South Front

On September 9, Hezbollah announced that it had shot down an Israeli unmanned aerial vehicle over the village of Ramyeh in southern Lebanon. Hezbollah added that the UAV is now in its hands.

The Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) confirmed in a statement that the UAV had been lost claiming that it was “on a routine mission in northern Israel” but somehow “fell into Lebanese territory.” Lt. Col. Jonathan Conricus, a spokesperson for the IDF, declined to comment on the specific nature of the UAV’s activities. However, he said that “there is no risk of breach of information”.

The development followed claims by the IDF that overnight into September 9 Shia militias operating under command of the Qods Force of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps launched several rockets towards Israel from the countryside of the Syrian capital, Damascus.

On September 8, several explosions rocked near the Syrian city of Al Bukamal, located on the border with Iraq. The incident reportedly happened in the area where Iranian-backed militias are deployed. Pro-Israeli media outlets immediately speculated that the explosions were a result of Israeli strikes and killed at least 18 Iranian-backed fighters. No evidence to confirm these claims was provided. The situation remains unclear.

The Israeli military political leadership openly exploits the current tensions across the Middle East to achieve own political goals. In fact, Tel Aviv is interested in the existence of the so-called Iranian-Hezbollah threat because it helps to justify Israeli regional policy and gain more and more financial and military support from the Trump administration. In own turn, the Israeli attitude serves as a direct confirmation of the official rhetoric of Hezbollah and Iran regarding ‘the Zionist aggression’ in the region. Therefore, Iranian and Hezbollah influence on Shia groups across the Middle East are growing.

This may be compared to the conflict Syria, in which the US and Israel played an anti-Iranian card backing various radical groups and even striking supposed Iranian targets. Nonetheless, Iranian and Hezbollah positions in Syria were strengthened because of this policy. A new round of limited escalation in the region may lead to similar consequences.

 

قوانين الحرب الجديدة تترسّخ

 

سبتمبر 9, 2019

ناصر قنديل

– ما بين أول أيلول والعاشر منه، وعشية أول أيام عاشوراء وآخر أيامها، وما يعنيه الاهتمام بأمن مجالسها بالنسبة لحزب الله، فرض الحزب معادلات قوة جديدة في توازن الردع وقوانين الحرب بينه وبين كيان الاحتلال. والتاريخان 1 و9 ايلول سيصيران جزءاً من ذاكرة جديدة، تحتلّ مكانة موازية لذاكرة تموز 2006، فالقضية ببعدها الأخلاقي والقيمي إثبات الفرق بين الوعد الصادق والتهديد الكاذب، وتوصيف دقيق لمكانة كل من قادة محور الشر الذي يقوده كيان الاحتلال ومحور المقاومة الذي ينطق بلسانه السيد حسن نصرالله.

– الهدف الذي تمّت إصابته ليس مهماً ، و لا خسائر بشرية تستحق الرد ، و الاحتفاظ بحق الرد ومكانه وزمانه ، و لن ينجح أحد باستدراجنا للحرب ، جمل ومفردات ومصطلحات كانت تلازم الخطاب العربي الرسمي لعقود، تهرباً من المواجهة مع كيان الاحتلال، وصارت في مرحلة انتقالية جزءاً من خطاب محور المقاومة في طور الانتقال من الردع السلبي إلى الردع الإيجابي، وتفادي التورط بمواجهة لم تكتمل شروط خوضها وضمان الفوز بها. وها هي اليوم تصير مفردات ومصطلحات وجمل يتكون منها الخطاب الأميركي، من التعامل الأميركي مع إسقاط إيران لأهم طائرات الحرب الإلكترونية الأميركية في العالم، إلى تعامل كيان وجيش الإحتلال مع عملية أفيفيم التي خرقت خطاً أحمر عمره من عمر الكيان بحرمة الاقتراب من حدود فلسطين المحتلة عام 48. وها هي تتكرّر مع أول إسقاط المقاومة لطائرة مسيّرة للعدو تنتهك الأجواء اللبنانية.

– الفارق بين قواعد الاشتباك وقوانين الحرب ومعادلات الردع كبير، فقوانين الحرب تضع بيد فريق قدرة شنّ حرب، وبيد الآخر القدرة على رسم نتائج التورط فيها بقدرة الدرع. وتأتي قواعد الاشتباك لترسم حدود الفعل العسكري ورد الفعل عليه تحت سقف قوانين الحرب ومعادلات الردع، فتبقى المبادرة بيد القادر على شنّ الحرب ويبقى الردّ بيد القادر على رسم حدود الحرب بقدرة الردع. وهكذا كان الحال قبل أول أيلول، كيان الاحتلال بيده قدرة شنّ الحرب، والمقاومة تملك قدرة ردع تجعله يقيم حساباته قبل التورط فيها، وما بينهما، جيش الاحتلال يشنّ هجماته بما لا يستفز قدرة الردع، والمقاومة تردّ بما لا يستفز الكيان للذهاب إلى حرب.

– منذ أول أيلول تخطّت المقاومة حدود المعادلات السابقة وضربت حيث يستفز العدو ليشن حرباً، ولم يفعل، واعادت الكرة ولم يفعل، فحدود فلسطين الـ 48 وسلاح الجو بالنسبة لكيان الاحتلال أهم الخطوط الحمراء، والتهوين من حجم فعل المقاومة هو إعلان ارتضاء ومساكنة مع سقوط خطوطه الحمراء. ومنذ اليوم لم تعد بيد كيان الاحتلال قدرة شن حرب وتغيرت قوانين المعادلة، وقواعد الاشتباك صارت متحركة بيد المقاومة ترسمها في تثبيت خطوطها الحمراء التراكمية، بدءاً من اعتبار تمركز قوتها في سورية خطاً أحمر، إلى اعتبار الأجواء اللبنانية خطاً أحمر، والتتمة تأتي تباعاً. وكيان الإحتلال سيمتنع تباعاً عن كل ما يستفز ما هو أبعد اليوم من قدرة الردع، وهو قدرة المبادرة لرسم خطوط حمراء، وبالتالي نحن أمام توازن استراتيجي جديد متحرك بسرعة ليرسو على معادلة الردع الإيجابي، وإعلان نهاية مرحلة الدرع السلبية المتحركة سقوفها ما بين 1996 وتفاهم نيسان وحرب تموز 2006.

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