Hezbollah on Suleimani’s 1st Martyrdom Anniversary: We’ll Raise Resistance Flag in Al-Quds

أنبكيك؟ وهل نحن إلا أنت؟ - haramoon.com
طريق القدس

January 1, 2021

On the first martyrdom anniversary of Suleimani and Al-Muhandis, Sayyed Safieddine said the Axis of Resistance became after the assassination of the two top commanders more determined to liberate the region form the US occupation.

“The Resistance is more determined to take the path of Jihad and confronting the US schemes,” the prominent Hezbollah official addressed the attendees at Tehran University.

“We will liberate the region from all these devils. We will raise the Resistance flag in Al-Quds.”

Sayyed Safieddine lashed out at US president Donald Trump by saying: “We will take revenge from the US. Trump, who imagine that he would undermine the Axis of Resistance by assassinating martyr Suleimani will meet a destiny like that met by Saddam Hussein.”

“When ISIL appeared, with its flagrant atrocities, the entire world was astonished and helpless. Only commanders Suleimani and Al-Muhandis stood firm against the terrorist group and save the nation.”

Source: Al-Manar English Website

غزة تحي ذكرى الشهيد القائد قاسم سليماني (شهيد القدس) - صور | وكالة أنباء  التقريب (TNA)

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Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine 17 – 23 December 2020

Source

  • 6 Palestinian civilians wounded, including 1 child, in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem
  • 6 shootings reported at Palestinians and agricultural lands, and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 68 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 45 civilians arrested, including 6 children and 2 women
  • Demolition of 4 houses, including 1 self-demolished, and 4 barracks, and confiscation of tools and equipment in Jerusalem and Hebron
  • Escalated settler-attacks in the West Bank: 330 trees uprooted, Palestinian ran over and others assaulted, vehicles assaulted as well
  • IOF established 79 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 2 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians that are mostly conducted after midnight and in the early morning hours. This week witnessed an escalation in settler attacks, mainly uprooting and cutting trees and seedlings, assaults on civilian houses and vehciles, and assaults on civilians as one was ran over by a car. Settlers’ attacks maxed on Monday, as the settlers carried out 12 assaults all under IOF protection across the West Bank. Additionally, IOF demolitions of Palestinian homes and properties continued as part of Israel’s de facto annexation and under various pretexts in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

This week, PCHR documented 193 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

Six civilians, including a child, were wounded during IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank: a child was wounded near the Annexation Wall in Jenin; 4 civilians were wounded in an IOF incursion into Nablus; and a sixth person was wounded in IOF shooting at his vehicle in Hebron before arresting him. Additionally, dozens of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation, which was used by IOF to suppress protests and during incursions into Palestinian cities.

In the Gaza Strip, 6  IOF shootings were reported at civilians, journalists, farmers, shepherds and agricultural lands, and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 68 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 45 Palestinians were arrested, including 6 children and 2 women.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 6 incidents, including:

  • Occupied East Jerusalem: barn self-demolished, and 2 houses were demolished (one by its owners) in Silwan; two commercial barracks and a wall in Jabel Mukaber and Wadi Jier area were demolished.
  • Hebron: 2 houses, barracks and water well were demolished in Khirbet al-Simia, west of as-Samu; manual digging equipment and power generator were also confiscated in Khirbet Zanuta, eastern ad-Dhahiriya.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 19 settler-violence incidents:

  • 250 trees uprooted in Kisan village, eastern Bethlehem;
  • Assault on several houses and shepherds and a Palestinian ran over in Hebron;
  • Water irrigation system, and orange trees cut in Khan al-Laban in Nablus;
  • 30 olive tree seedlings cut in Al-Mughayyir, northeastern Ramallah.
  • 50 olive tree seedlings south east of Nablus.

On Monday, 21 December 2020, witnessed an increase in settler assaults, as PCHR fieldworkers documented 12 assaults, including settler protests, assaults on vehciles and civilians and chanteing discriminative slogans across the West Bank.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  • Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity
  • At approximately 02:30 on Thursday, 17 December 2020, IOF moved into Ramallah in the center of the West Bank and stationed in ‘Ein Musbah neighborhood. IOF raided and searched Mo’tasem Ayman Zaloum’s (21) house and arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination. When IOF withdrew from the city, a group of Palestinian young men gathered, set fire to tires and threw stones at IOF, who responded with rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 03:00, a large number of IOF accompanied with dozens of Israeli soldiers and Special Forces moved into Dheisheh refugee camp. IOF raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Suliman Diyrieh (18) and Hussain Eyas Diyrieh (18). Meanwhile, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF, who attacked the protestors, chased them on the camp’s streets and fired heavy teargas canisters in the area. As a result, many protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 09:30, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis, fired live bullets at a group of journalists, farmers and a staff of the Ministry of agriculture, who were present 200 meters away from the border fence, east of al-Fukhari village, to follow up on the IOF incursion into the area and the warnings they had put on for farmers yesterday. Due to the heavy shooting, the journalists, farmers and staff of the Ministry of agriculture were forced to leave; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into ‘Anin village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank, and stationed near the village’s High School. IOF fired teargas canisters on the school’s yards. As a result, many teachers and students suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Friday, 18 December 2020, and for the ninth consecutive week, a peaceful protest took off in Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus, with the participation of the National Action Factions in Nablus, which started from the village Council heading to the lands under threat of confiscation east of the village. The protesters raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers, annexation wall and the Deal of Century.  When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. IOF suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • Around the same time, a peaceful protest took off in the center of al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah, at the call of the villagers, towards lands under the threat of confiscation and in protest to the establishment of new settlement outposts in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to the village. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers and annexation wall. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. The protestors chanted slogans again against the Israeli occupation and settlers. IOF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, 9 4 civilians sustained rubber bullets wounds in their lower extremities and received treatment on the spot. Also, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 14:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyia area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at a military checkpoint established at the northern entrance to Hebron, so-called Checkpoint (56). IOF chased the stone-throwers in the village’s market and fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, many stone-throwers suffocated due to teargas inhalation. The clashes continued until 17:00; no arrests among the protestors were reported.
  • At approximately 12:00 on Saturday, 19 December 2020, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, northeast of Deir al-Balah city in the center of Gaza Strip, fired live bullets and teargas canisters at Palestinian shepherds; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF stationed near the annexation wall, west of Araqah village, west of Jenin, north o the West Bank, opened fire at Eyad Ghasan Mohammed Shalameesh (15), from Burqin village, wounding him in his right leg. IOF claimed that he approached the annexation wall halls. Shalameesh was taken to Khalil Suliman Hospital for treatment.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Monday, 21 December 2020, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank, and stationed on al-Basha Street in Ras al-‘Ein neighborhood, south of the city. IOF raided a 6-storey building belonging to Abu Daher family. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF vehicles. Violent clashes erupted between IOF and Palestinian young men, resulted in the injury of 4 civilians with Two-Two bullets in their feet. The wounded civilians were taken to Rafidia Hospital for treatment. Before IOF withdrawal, they arrested ‘Anan Saleem Yousef Abu Duhair (43) and took him to his company located on the 2nd floor of the building. IOF searched the company and confiscated a PC set, DVR and some documents.
  • At approximately 06:30, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire around them until 07:30, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 12:25,  IOF stationed in (16) military site, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds approached the border fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 14:15,  IOF stationed in (16) military site, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened heavy fire at Palestinian shepherds approached the border fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Bureij refugee camp, opened fire at agricultural lands; no casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 02:00 on Tuesday, 22 December 2020, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Abu Safia area, east of Jabalia refugee camp in northern Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at the border area; no causalities or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire around them until 07:30, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 23 December 2020, IOF opened fire at a vehicle belonging to Ahmed Faisal ‘Arafat al-Rajbi(21), from Bani Na’im village, while present in al-Jalajel area, east of Hebron, wounding him with a live bullet in his back. IOF chased al-Rajbi’s vehicle and detained him for half an hour without providing aid to him.  Al-Rajbi was arrested and then taken via an Israeli ambulance. It should be noted that IOF prevented a staff of the Palestine Red Crescent Society from reaching and helping him. 
  1. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 17 December 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Jamal Rabah al-Haj (29). IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Ras al-Amoud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Asma’ Mohammed Owais’s (24) house and arrested her. Owais was taken to one of the police stations in the city, she was interrogated for several hours before releasing her. It should be noted that Owais’s brother, Baker Mohammed Owais (22) was arrested 3-weeks ago.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF arrested Ra’eda Sa’eed al-Khalili (37), while performing prayers at Bab al-Rahma, in the Aqsa Mosque. IOF took her to one of the investigation centers in the city, and released her, after several hours of investigation, on conditions that banning her entry to the Aqsa Mosque for a week. It should be noted that al-Khalili was arrested 8 times from the same place.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stormed a store in al-Wad street, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and arrested the store owner’s son, Naji Akram Zughayyar (26).
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Birzeit, north of Ramallah; and Aqabat Jabr refugee camp, southwest of Jericho governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 18 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into al-Eizariya, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hashem Mohammed Rajabi’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF stationed at Mazmouriya checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Alaa Mansour Khleif (29), while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 13:50, IOF stationed at ‘Inab military checkpoint, east of Tulkarm, arrested Zeid As’ad Fuqaha (17), from Anabta, east of Tulkarm. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested Tareq al-Joulani (18), while present near Bab al-‘Amoud area in the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to one of the investigation centers in the city.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into Zububa, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Osama Hesham Atatra (37).
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF moved into Zababdeh village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Zeidan ‘Ar’arawi (22).
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Jenin and Jaba villages, south of Jenin. No arrested were reported.

Saturday, 19 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ameer Sami Abu al-Hawa (19) and Abdul Rahman Eyad al-Hidra (24) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 10:30, IOF arrested Zeid As’ad Foqaha (19), from Anabta, east of Tulkarm, while referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services, that recently summonsed him. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF arrested Nabil Saleh Abdullah (38), from Kisa village, south of Bethlehem. IOF prosecuted his vehicle near the entrance of al-Maniya village, southeast of the city.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into the eastern neighborhood in Jenin, north of the West Bank. They arrested Yamen ‘Atiq (17) and Ibrahim Taher al-Sa’di (17), while present on the entrance of Ganim evacuated settlement, near the abovementioned site.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Beit Kahil and al-Shuyukh in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 20 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Anabta, east of Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohannad Ahmed Hammad (19).
  • At approximately 01:45, IOF moved into Huwara, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Oday Jamal Owda (19).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Azzun, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sa’eed Ziyad Abu Haniya (24) and confiscated his vehicle.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Mousa Obaid (17), while present near the eastern entrance of al-Isawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to one of the investigation centers in the city.
  • At approximately 18:00, Israeli Intelligence Services arrested Waheeb Khaled Abu al-Hums (18), from al-Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. while referring to al-Bareed police station in Salah al-Dein street, that recently summonsed him via a phone call. IOF extended his arrest until the next day.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Burin, southeast of Nablus; Hebron, Halhul, Sa’ir and Surif villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 21 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Omar Marwan Obaid (20) and Ameen Omar Hamed (24) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ahmed Younis al-Ghoul’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mahmoud Kamel al-‘Ayya (36).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and Yazan Abdul Razek Hannoun (19) and Saber Mohammed Shaqfa (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Eizariya, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mo’ayad Ahmed al-Khateeb (26) and Ali Eisa Mamdouh (21), and confiscated a vehicle belonging to Atta Maher Hamdan.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Abdullah Zaghloul al-Na’san’s (25) house and arrested him. Additionally, IOF confiscated a white vehicle holding an unregistered plate belonging to Mansour al-Haj Bishara, a prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved 200-meters to the east of al-Shawka village, east of Rafah. They levelled and combed 48-acres of planted with vegetables, and irrigation networks, and deployed again at approximately 09:00.

Following are the details of the damages:

  1. A 5-dunum land planted with peas, and an irrigation network at a 30-dunum land belonging to Nahed Hamdi Madi.
  2. A 5-dunum land planted with peas, and an irrigation network at a 30-dunum land belonging to Mohammed Hamdi Madi.
  3. A 5-dunum land planted with potatoes, and an irrigation network at a 30-dunum land belonging to Sameer Hamdi Madi.
  4. A 7-dunum land planted with potatoes, and an irrigation network at a 40-dunum land belonging to Ishaq Mansour Abu Mo’ammar.
  5. A 10-dunum land planted with potatoes, belonging to Abdullah Mahmoud Matbouli.
  6. An 8-dunum land planted with peas, belonging to Jamal Mohammed Madi.
  7. An 8-dunum land planted with peas, belonging to Hamad Marzouq Madi.
  • At approximately 12:20, IOF arrested Ahmed Abd Atiya (19) and Hussain Mahmoud Atiya (18), while present near the entrance of Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took them to one of the police centers in the city.
  • At approximately 15:40, IOF stationed at Ariel rotary, south of Kifl Haris, arrested Ahmed Isma’el Abu Naser, from Dir Istiya, north of Salfit, after chasing him between the olive trees. IOF released him after the intervention of the Palestinian Military Liaison. It should be noted that Ahmed is a person with disability.
  • At approximately 22:30, IOF arrested (3) civilians while present at the Madaris neighborhood, at al-Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took them to al-Bareed police center in Salah al-Dein street in Jerusalem. The arrestees are: Mohammed Haitham Mustafa (18), Mohammed Mousa Mostafa (18), and Younis Wissam Abu al-Hums (18).
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Tulkarm and Tulkarm refugee camp. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 22 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Abwein, northwest of Ramallah, and stationed in the center of the village. They raided and searched Majdi al-Khayyat’s house, after bombing the main door, and detained all the house members in the balcony, and damaged the house contents. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Dhahiriya, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Bassam al-Battat’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Aqabat Jabr refugee camp in Jericho; Hebron, Beit Ummar, Adisa, east of Sa’ir, Hadab al-Fawwar village in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 23 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched Mahmoud Omar Sadiq Kmeil’s (17) house, who was killed in 21 December 2020, on grounds of accusing him of carrying out a shooting attack near Bab Hutta in Jerusalem. IOF interrogated Mahmoud’s family for over than an hour. Meanwhile, IOF raided Mohammed Tawfiq Mohammed Kmeil’s (17) house, in the same area, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Salfit, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nizar Mohammed Darabiya (26), from Gaza living in Salfit.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Arouj village, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Munir Mohammed Ta’amra’s (37) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Teqoa, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Qusai Ali Abu Mfarreh’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Malek Abdul Rahim Sidr (16), while present near Bab al-Rahma, one of the Aqsa Mosqu’s gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Mirka, southeast of Jenin, al-Lubban Qablan and SEBASTIA in Nablus; Halhul; and Imreish in Hebron. No arrest were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • On Sunday morning, 20 December 2020, ‘Ali Rweidi self-demolished a barrack he uses for grazing animals in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, pursuant to the Israeli Municipality decision for unlicensed construction and banning animal-grazing near houses.

‘Ali Rweidi said that he built the barrack 5 years ago on an area of 145 sqm for grazing sheep and chicken.  He added that the Israeli Municipality has haunted him since 2016 under the pretext of grazing animals near residential houses in occupied Jerusalem.  Only few weeks ago, the municipality crews handed him a notice to demolish his barrack himself or it would and then fine him ILS38,000.  Rweidi said that he had to self-demolish the barrack although it is adequately far from the neighbors’ houses and none of them complained.  He added that he incurred huge losses as he had to sell the animals less than the original price before demolishing the barrack.

  • At approximately 08:30, IOF backed by military and Israeli Civil Administration vehicles, including an excavator and a bulldozer, moved into Kherbet al-Simiya, west of as-Samu village, south of Hebron.  The soldiers deployed in the area and the vehicles started the demolition of 2 houses, a barrack and water well.
No.OwnerFacilityNotes
 Shehdah Rezq al-Qawa’in and his family of 5, including 3 childrenA house (100 sqm), barrack (600 sqm) and water well (300 m³) House inhabited
 Ahmed Soliman al-Qawa’in and his family of 16, including 13 children and 2 women,A house (120sqm)House inhabited

The demolition was for alleged illegal construction in Area C as an Israeli Civil Administration officer handed the 2 owners notices to stop work 3 years ago.  The 2 civilians hired a lawyer to obtain licenses but had not received any response from the competent committee even until the demolition was carried out.  It should be noted that the 2 civilians live in Israel and come from time to time to stay in their houses for completing the construction works in the barrack in order to move the sheep there and then permanently stay.  Moreover, the Israeli authorities vacated the houses before the demolition.

  • On Monday afternoon, 22 December 2020, Shahirah Ghaith self-demolished her house in Wadi Qaddoum neighborhood in Silwan, southern Old East Jerusalem, pursuant to Israeli Municipality decision for unlicensed construction.

Ghaith stated that she separated from her husband 10 years ago and have 5 children, 3 girls and 2 boys, whom she raises on her own.  She said that only few months ago, she built the house (70 sqm) of tin plates and 2 rooms with a kitchen and bathroom with her brothers’ help due to her poor economic conditions.  She moved in with her family last September; however, the Municipality did not leave her alone and issued a decision to demolish the house.  She added that she hired a lawyer to postpone the decision but was surprised with the police officers in the morning surrounding her house.  When she asked them why, one of them told her that the Municipality refused to freeze the demolition, so the bulldozers will demolish the house next day and she will be pay the demolition costs (ILS 70,000).  She then asked the officers to help them with the demolition to avoid paying the fine. =

  • At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 22 December 2020, IOF accompanied by a Civil Administration SUV and a truck moved into Kherbet Zanouta, east of ad-Dhahiriya village, south of Hebron.  The soldiers deployed at the Kherbet Zanouta’s entrance while the Israeli Civil Administration crew started confiscating hand digging tools, a generator  and vehicles belonging to Soliman al-Battat, who was digging a water well in Sho’eib al-Khdeirat’s land.  The Civil Administration officer took photos of the area dug and hanged a notice to stop work near it.  They then arrested Soliman al-Battat and withdrew, but later released him.  It should be noted that the Israeli authorities had noticed a week ago 10 facilities, including residential rooms in al-Kherbeh, allegedly for unlicensed construction.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF demolished a commercial barrack in Wadi al-Jeer area between Abu Dis and Al-Eizariya villages, east of occupied East Jerusalem, allegedly for unlicensed construction.  Mahmoud al-Basha, who owns the barrack, said that the Israeli Municipality demolished a barrack he used for auto-repair and was built of bricks, steel and tin plates on an area of 150 sqm allegedly for unlicensed construction.
  • In the evening, the Israeli Municipality vehicles demolished Kazem Abu Shafe’a’s house in al-Bustan neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of unlicensed construction.

Abu Shafe’a, 28, stated that the IOF accompanied by the Israeli Municipality crews moved into the Al-Bustan neighborhood in Silwan, and unexpectedly surrounded his house starting to demolish it with light vehicles. Abu Shafe’a added that he built the house on an area of ​​50 sqm last August to live with his wife and two children near his family in the neighborhood. Abu Shafe’a added that he had to build a small unlicensed house consisting of two rooms and utilities, to avoid rented houses, which cost huge amounts of money in Jerusalem. Abu Shafe’a pointed out that the Israeli Municipality crews had raided his house last October and handed him a decision to stop construction works, and after a week they handed him an administrative demolition order for the house.  On the same day evening, they raided his house and started the demolition, ordering him to destroy the iron staircase leading to his house; otherwise. the crews will return and demolish it.

Settler attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property

  • On Thursday morning, 17 December 2020, Israeli settlers uprooted 250 trees in a Ayoub Youssif ‘Abiyat’s land, in Kisan village, east of Bethlehem.  Ahmed Ghazal, Deputy Head of the village council, stated that settlers from “Abbi Nahal” settlement established on Kisan village lands raided the land under the IOF protection, uprooted 250 trees and stayed there for few hours.  Ghazal added that the recent escalation of settlers’ attacks aims at seizing lands from Kisan village to annex them to their settlement.  He said that the settlers intensified their assaults in the  last 2 days as last night they raided the village and threw stones at some houses and attacked farmers and shepherds an hour before using their wild dogs which tore and killed many sheep.  As a result, the villagers confronted the settlers and forced them to leave the area.
  • At approximately 01:30 on Friday, 18 December 2020, settlers from “Mitzpe Yair settlement outpost established on the Palestinian lands of eastern Yatta, south of Hebron, attacked the 2 houses belonging to Mohammed ‘Ali Jabrin (63) and Isma’il Mohammed Jabrin (53) in Kherbet Sha’b al-Batem in al-Masafer area, east of Yata, south of Hebron.  They also assaulted the 2 civilians and insulted them.

‘Ali Mohammed Jabrin made the following statement to PCHR fieldworker:

“I woke up to knocks on my house door.  As soon as I had put my clothes on, 2 settlers opened the room door and entered; one of them in his 30s and namely Youssef whom I know.  He started shouting at me by asking where his stolen sheep was.  I was astonished at his attitude and told him I do not know what he was talking about.  My kids woke up and stood at the room corner in fear while the settler kept shouting and was flashing with a torch at me and my kids.  He then kicked twice my right leg and asked one of my sons to go to his uncle Ismail who lives near us in order to call the Israeli police.  The settler said in Arabic “I will go to Ismail” and then rushed to my brother’s house.  I stood at the house door and it was very dark while I could hear screams coming from my brother Ismail’s house.  When the settler left, I learnt from my brother that the settler entered the house shouting and woke up his children after disarranging their bed blankets.  He also attempted to assault Ismail allegedly searching for stolen sheep.” 

  • At approximately 04:30 on Friday, 18 December 2020, five settlers from “Mitzpe Yair settlement outpost assaulted ‘Omer Jebril Ahmed Hoshiyah’s (37) house in the Center area, east of Yata, south of Hebron.  The settlers severely beat Hoshiyah in front of his family and held him outside for a hour, claiming they were searching for stolen sheep.  As a result, Hoshiyah sustained various injuries.

Samirah Mohammed Rashed Hoshiyah (64) said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

“I live in the Center area in Masafer Yata with my husband and 37-year-old son and his wife and 3 kids.  We live in rooms built of bricks and tin plates.  At approximately 04:30, I heard cars’ movement near the house and noticed cars and torches lights, but I did not care about what was going on outside as I thought they were Palestinian workers going to their work in Israel.  Shortly, I woke my son ‘Omer to tell him what is going on outside, so their wife and kids woke up as well.  Few minutes later, the house door was opened, and we were surprised  with 2 settlers in plain clothes screaming in Arabic “where is the master here?” my son  approached them, but the 2 settlers pushed him to the ground and started punching him all over his body.  I shouted at them, but the settler shut the door.  My daughter-in-law and her children started crying.  I opened the door again to ask the settlers what they want from him, but none of them answered and took him inside their vehicle; meanwhile, 2 other settlers arrived and opened the sheep barn and searched it. My daughter-in-law and I started taking the sheep back inside and no one spoke to us. This remained until 6:00 when the settlers released my son ‘Omer. His mouth was bleeding and one of his teeth was broken. Later, we learned that settlers were searching for sheep they claim were stolen from them.”

  • Early on the same day, settlers from the “Price Tag” group in “Ma’ale Levona” settlement outpost, which is established on the lands of Al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya village, southeast of Nablus, northern West Bank, attacked Khan al-Laban area, east of the village. The settlers sabotaged the water system there, broke the doors leading to it and broke the orange trees.  It should be mentioned that Khan al-Laban is an old building established in the Ottoman era and has been exposed to daily raids by settlers under the protection of the IOF, aiming to seize and connect it with the surrounding settlements in the village.
  • At approximately 19:00, a group of settlers from ” Adei Ad” settlement established on Al Mughayyir village lands, northeast of Ramallah, sneaked into the eastern agricultural area near the eastern entrance to the village.  The settlers cut 30 olive seedlings (planted 5 to 6 years ago) belonging to Rawhi Marouh al-Na’san (66).  The settlers withdrew back to their settlement.
  • On Sunday, 20 December 2020, settlers from the “Price Tag” groups in  “Ahyah” outpost, established on the eastern lands of Jaloud village, southeast of Nablus, uprooted 50 olive seedlings in Mohammed Fawzi Haj Mohammed’s land that were planted only days ago in the eastern village area.
  • At approximately 13:00, settlers from “Mitzpe Yair settlement outpost established on the Palestinian lands of eastern Yata, south of Hebron, assaulted ‘Issa Mahmoud Yousif Jabrin (43) while shepherding in al-Zweirah area and forced him to leave with his sheep.

‘Issa Jabarin said to PCHR fieldworker:

“I was shepherding in al-Zweirah area, east of Kherbet Sha’b al-Batm, where I live, when one of the settlers namely Youssef, who is in his 30s and lives in “Mitzpe Yair settlement outpost, arrived holding a stick and started hitting the sheep to distance them.  When I tried to stop him, he grabbed my neck and tried to chock me. I pushed him away, and he stepped back and did a phone call.  Few minutes later, 3 settlers from the same settlement were coming towards me that when I knew the settler Youssef had called them for help in order to attack me.  I took my 150 sheep and left the area.  Now, I cannot shepherding anymore in fear of the Israeli settlers’ attacks.”

  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 21 December 2020, settlers from “Asfar” settlement established on the eastern lands of Sa’ir village, north of Hebron, attacked shepherds who were in al-Qanoun area  and unleashed their dogs towards the shepherds, forcing them to leave the area to their houses.  Two settlers’ vehicles them chased the shepherds to their houses in al-Qanun area, and when young men present there attempted to stop the settlers, a setter’s vehicle ran over Subhi Mohammed ‘Abdel Fattah Shalaldah (33) and threw him on the street.  As a result, Shalaldah sustained bruises all over his body.  This area has been under the attacks of “Asfar” settlers, particularly shepherds.
  • At approximately 15:30 on Monday 21 December 2020, settlers crowded at the entrance to “Shavei Shomron” settlement that connects Nablus and Tulkarm, west of Nablus.  The settlers rioted the streets and threw stones at the Palestinian civilian cars traveling on the street.  As a result, Sadeq Sedqi Sadeq Khatatbah (24), from Beit Foriq village, northeast of Nablus, was hit with a stone in the head while traveling his car on the street and then taken to Rafidia Governmental Hospital in Nablus, where his wound required 10-15 stitches and had a puffed left eye.
  • At approximately 16:30, groups of settlers gathered at the intersection of Kafr Qaddoum village, north of Salift, to provoke the Palestinians traveling their cars near the intersection and later withdrew.
  • At approximately 17:00, tens of settlers from  “Givat Harsina and Kiryat Arba” settlements established on the Palestinian lands of eastern Hebron vlosed the Bypass Road (60) leading to Hebron.  The settlers threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles before the very eyes of the IOF and Israeli police, who tried to provide protection for them.  At approximately 18:00, a settler attacked with stones a truck travelled by Mohammed Ziad al-Tmeizi (35) from Ethna village, west of Hebron and his nephew, MAhmpud Ayatullah al-Tmeizi (13) near the intersection of Deit ‘Aynoun.  As a result, the rear window’s glass was broken and shattered to wound the child in his forehead.  Al-Tmeizei had to pull his car over and informed the Israeli police about what happened.  He then took his nephew to al-Ahli Hospital in Hebron for treatment while the road remained close in front of the Palestinian vehicles until late at night.
  • At approximately 19:00, tens of settlers gathered near Huwara checkpoint and at the intersection of  Yitzhar” settlement, southeast of Nablus, and rioted on the street.  They mobbed on the main street in Huwara village chanting in Hebrew “Death to Arabs” and  this village belongs to them and provoking Muslims by saying “Allahu Akbar.”
  • At approximately 19:10, settlers gathered at Za’tarah intersection, south of Nablus, and threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles traveling by.  At approximately 23:10, the settlers withdrew, and no damage to the vehicles was reported.
  • In the evening, groups of settlers gathered to riot the streets, intersections and roads to the Palestinian villages of al-Mughayyir, Taybeh, Beitin, Burqa, and ‘Ayoun al-Haramiyah (on the main Ramallah-Nablus Street) in Ramallah and al-Bireh, but no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:30 on Tuesday, 22 December 2020, settlers on Ramallah-Nablus Street near Al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya village, south of Nablus, attacked with sticks and stones a Skoda black car travelled by Eyad ‘Eid Sa’id from al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah.  They severely  beat him with the sticks, causing him bruises and wounds all over his body and damage to his car and its all four windows.  The settlers later withdrew to ” Eli” settlement established on the lands of Al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya village.

II. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to 108 permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 79 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 6 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Sunday, 20 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Monday, 21 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to to Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 17 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint under ‘Atara village’s bridge, north of the city.
  • On Saturday, 19 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Beitin village and under ‘Atara village’s bridge.

Bethlehem:

  • At approximately 23:00 on Monday, 21 December 2020, IOF closed al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, and prevented vehicles’ movement. The checkpoint was later opened.
  • On Monday, 21 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, at the entrance to Jab’a village and in al-Nashnash area, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 22 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, in ‘Aqabet Hassnah area and in al-Nashnash area, south of the city.
  • On Wednesday, 23 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Tuqu village and near al-Nashnash intersection, south of the city.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 17 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 18 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 19 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho, and at the entrance to Ein ad-Duyuk village, north of the city.
  • On Sunday, 20 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.


Nablus:

  • On Friday, 18 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints in al-Muraba’a area near Tell village and in (17) area on Nablus- Asira_ash-Shamaliya main road, north of Nablus.
  • On Saturday, 19 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Asira_ash-Shamaliya village.
  • On Sunday, 20 December 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints near the intersection of “Yitzhar” settlement, at Madama village intersection, at the entrance to Beita village, at Al-Lubban_al-Gharbi village intersection, and at the intersection of  “Bracha” settlement, southeast of Nablus.
  •  On Monday, 21 December 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at Madama village intersection, at the entrance to Beita village, near “Yitzhar” settlement, at Sarra village intersection, and at the intersection of “Shafi Shimron” settlement.
  • On Tuesday, 22 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at Beita village intersection, near Sebastia village intersection, and in al-Moraba’a area near Tell village.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 17 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Yatta city and at the northern entrance to Halhul city.
  • On Saturday, 19 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Awwa, Beit Ummar, Susya village, and Fawwar refugee camp.
  • On Sunday, 20 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Hebron, and at the entrances to Khasa and Idhna villages.
  • On Monday, 20 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Halhul city and at the western entrance to Hebron.
  • On Tuesday, 22 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhul city and at the northern entrance to Yatta city.
  • On Wednesday, 23 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints on Wadi Sa’ir road, on Zaif road, north of Yatta city, and at the entrance to Farsh al-Hawa village, west of Hebron.

Jenin:

  • On Thursday, 17 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Arraba village, southwest of Jenin.
  • On Friday, 18 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection of Jab’ village and at the intersection of Zububa village.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 17 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Azzun and Izbat al-Tabib villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Friday, 18 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints under Azzun village’s bridge and at the entrance to Izbat al-Tabib villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Saturday, 19 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Qalqilya, Azzun and Izbat al-Tabib villages, east of Qalqilya. The checkpoints were removed later. 
  • On Monday, 21 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kafr Laqif village, east of the city.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 17 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Istiya and Kifl Haris villages, north of Salfit.
  • On Friday, 18 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Kafr ad-Dik and Deir Ballut villages, at the northern entrance to Salfit, and at the entrance to Kifl Haris villages, north of Salfit.
  • On Saturday, 19 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 20 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Ballut, Haris and Kifl Haris villages, west of Salfit.
  • On Monday, 21 December 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Haris and Kafr ad-Dik, Deir Ballut and Kifl Haris villages and at the northern entrance to Salfit.

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‘Fruits of Peace’: Beitar Will Remain a Bastion of Israeli Racism

December 26, 2020

Beitar Jerusalem is well known for its anti-Arab, anti-Muslim bias and for its violent, racist supporters. (Photo: File)

By Issam Khalidi

Just recently Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Nahyan, a member of the UAE royal family, has pledged to invest 300 million shekels, or about $90 million, into the Beitar (Jerusalem) club over the next decade.

It wouldn’t be a big surprise if Al Khalifa invested in a club other than Beitar. This deal even made many Israelis surprised. The question that comes to mind here is why did Bin Nahyan choose to invest in this club? Does he intend to win the sympathy and favor of the most extremists in the Israeli society, or to fit the club’s deflection and adjust its racial behavior?

Indeed, it is merely a trading deal without looking into its political and moral dimensions. Also, as Rina Bassist mentioned in Al-Monitor “Not only was the deal a most tangible and direct result of the normalization agreement between the two countries, but it also confronted Beitar fans with a new, almost unimaginable reality.”

It is an illusion to think that Bin Khalifa and others are interested in purchasing historical documents that were stolen from Palestinian homes, libraries and institutions as a result of the Nakba (i.e., catastrophe) of 1948, or restoring homes and landmarks that were abandoned by their residents who became refugees in neighboring countries.

Bin Khalifa said that his investment represents “the fruits of peace and brotherhood between the two countries and this step will further bring people together through sports.”

Of course, sport is soft power and a great tool for peace, brotherhood, and friendship that could bring people together. However, in order to bring Palestinians and Israelis together through sports few things are required. The most important of which is ending the Israeli occupation. Friendly meetings and tournaments cannot be undertaken under repression, land confiscation, checkpoints, apartheid wall, blockades, arrests, and killings. Rather, under an independent Palestinian state and equal rights for Palestinians.

Israel is the only beneficiary of this deal, as it is the beneficiary of all its normalization agreements with other countries, and other peace agreements signed with Egypt, Jordan, and PLO. This club and its fans cannot be tamed, because the epidemic of racism is so rampant, its roots are so deep in the Israeli society that it cannot be eradicated. Today, it is not surprising to see that a new Israeli generation is born with genes of racism.

Despite the club’s apparent enthusiasm over the deal, many of Beitar’s fans remain upset at this shocking buyout. Fans have reportedly spray-painted offensive and racist graffiti on the walls of the stadium as a sign of their disappointment and anger.

Beitar is considered one of the clubs in the Israeli First Division Football League, known for its hardline stances against Arab and Palestinians, and there is no Arab player among its ranks. Fans of “Beitar Jerusalem” are historically considered hostile to Muslims and Arabs, especially the notorious far-right fan group “La Familia” known for its songs against the Prophet Muhammad. In 2016, nineteen members of the group were charged with attempted murder, including supporters of rival squads.

In October, the Arab member in the Knesset, Ayman Odeh, requested the removal of a racist song by the “La Familia” group that insulted the Prophet Muhammad that was published on “YouTube”. The site later removed the video from its platform.

This football club in specific has never had any Arab player on its ranks. Two Palestinian citizens of Israel who play on Israeli teams describe the racism and violence they are subjected to by Beitar fans. Alaa Abu Saleh, who plays for Bnei Sakhnin, says “It’s like war.”

In June 2019, the club refrained from joining the Nigerian player, Muhammad Ali, because of his name, or changing his name, as a condition for accepting his play with the team.

Beitar team relies on its popularity on the people of eastern sects who usually live-in poor neighborhoods and are known for their hatred of Arabs, and most of them belong to the religious parties and the Likud party.

Beitar was founded by the revisionist Jabotinsky in 1926 emerged as a movement opposed to the workers’ Histadrut in Palestine, and the members wore brown shirts as part of the movement’s fascist coloration. As for those who split from the Haganah in 1930 and established (Etzel) and (Lehi), they were members of Beitar. Its members became involved in terrorist acts in Palestine in the 1930s. Haganah, Palmach, and Vaad Leumi these terrorist organizations played a pivotal role in the establishment of the State of Israel.

The club has been trying to change its image in recent years, and in 2017 it received an award from President Reuven Rivlin for its efforts in combating racism and significantly reducing the number of anti-Arab and Muslim chants in its matches. However, racism in Israel isn’t going away, it’s getting worse and has been spurred long ago by Zionism, which is a racist ideology.

The Jewish Holocaust survivor, historian, author, and a former president of the Israeli League for Human and Civil Rights, Israel Shahak wrote on the racism of Zionism and the State of Israel (1975):

“It is my considered opinion that the State of Israel is a racist state in the full meaning of this term: In this state, people are discriminated against, in the most permanent and legal way and in the most important areas of life, only because of their origin. This racist discrimination began in Zionism and is carried out today mainly in cooperation with the institutions of the Zionist movement.”

– Issam Khalidi is an independent scholar, the author of History of Sports in Palestine 1900-1948 (in Arabic), One Hundred Years of Football in Palestine (in Arabic and English), co-edited Soccer in the Middle East, as well as articles and essays on the subject of sports included at http://www.hpalestinesports.net. He contributed this article to The Palestine Chronicle.

Palestinian Teen Martyred After Heroic Operation against ‘Israeli’ Soldiers

Palestinian Teen Martyred After Heroic Operation against ‘Israeli’ Soldiers

By Staff, Agencies

A Palestinian teenager was martyred after the ‘Israeli’ occupation soldiers shot him dead as he carried out a heroic operation against the occupation soldiers in the Old City of occupied al-Quds on Monday night.

According to the ‘Israeli’ occupation police, the teen, identified by local media as 17-year-old Mahmoud Omar Kameel, approached a Zionist police post near the Lion’s Gate entrance to the Old City and shot at them.

“The police and border guard fighters working in the Old City chased him on foot, while he was shooting at them,” the ‘Israeli’ police said in a statement.

Witnesses said the occupation forces shot Kameel multiple times after chasing him and surrounding him in the area.

Immediately following the shooting, the Zionist forces closed the gates leading to the Old City and barred access to the Al Aqsa Mosque compound.

Kameel belonged to the village of Qabatiyeh near the occupied West Bank city of Jenin.

The Zionist entity captured East al-Quds during the 1967 war and later annexed the territory.

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How Gulf states became business partners in Israel’s occupation

Jonathan Cook

14 December 2020 12:29 UTC | 

Since signing the Abraham Accords, the UAE and Bahrain have been actively colluding with Israel’s settler movement and military authorities

The professed rationale for the recent Abraham Accords, so-called “peace deals” signed with Israel by the UAE and Bahrain, was to stymie Israeli efforts to annex swaths of the West Bank. 

The aim was supposedly to neutralise another “peace” plan – one issued early this year by US President Donald Trump’s administration – that approved Israel’s annexation of large areas of the West Bank dominated by illegal Jewish settlements. 

In practice, both have quickly jettisoned any pretence that Palestinians will benefit from these deals

The two Gulf states trumpeted the fact that, in signing the accords in September, they had effectively scotched that move, thereby salvaging hopes of a future Palestinian state. Few observers entirely bought the official story – not least because Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu vowed that annexation had only been put on temporary hold

The real purpose of the Abraham Accords appeared less about saving Palestinians than allowing Gulf states to go public with, and expand, their existing ties to Israel. Regional intelligence could now be shared more easily, especially on Iran, and the Gulf would gain access to Israeli hi-tech and US military technology and weapons systems. 

Separately, Sudan was induced to sign the accords after promises it would be removed from Washington’s list of “terror-supporting” states, opening the door to debt relief and aid. And last week, Morocco became the fourth Arab state to initiate formal relations with Israel after the Trump administration agreed to recognise its occupation of Western Sahara.

Twisting more arms

Israel, in return, has been able to begin “normalising” with an important bloc of Arab states – all without offering any meaningful concessions on the Palestinian issue.

Qatar and Saudi Arabia are also reported to have been considering doing their own deals with Israel. Jared Kushner, Trump’s Middle East adviser, visited the region this month in what was widely assumed to be a bid to twist arms. UAE-Israel deal: Abraham accord or Israeli colonialism?

Read More »

Riyadh’s hesitation, however, appears to have increased after Trump lost last month’s US presidential election to Joe Biden. 

Last week, during an online conference held in Bahrain and attended by Israeli Foreign Minister Gabi Ashkenazi, a former senior Saudi government official, Turki al-Faisal al-Saud, launched a blistering verbal attack on Israel, saying it jailed Palestinians in “concentration camps” and had built an “apartheid wall”. It was unclear whether he was speaking in more than a personal capacity.

While the covert purpose of the Abraham Accords was difficult to obscure, the stated aim – of aiding Palestinians by preventing Israel’s annexation of the West Bank – was still seen as a vital tool for the UAE and Bahrian to sell these agreements back home.

But in practice, both have quickly jettisoned any pretence that Palestinians will benefit from these deals. Not only that, but already they barely bother to conceal the fact that they are actively and tangibly colluding with Israel to harm Palestinians – by bolstering Israel’s illegal settlements and subsidising its military regime of occupation. 

Trade with settlements

Bahrain demonstrated this month how indifferent it is to the negative impacts on Palestinians. On a visit to Israel, the country’s trade minister, Zayed bin Rashid al-Zayani, said Bahrain was open to importing products from Israel wherever they were manufactured. “We have no issue with labelling or origin,” he said

The comment suggested that Manama was ready to become a gateway for Israel to export settlement products to the rest of the Arab world, helping to bolster the settlements’ legitimacy and economic viability. Bahrain’s trade policy with Israel would then be even laxer than that of the European Union, a top trade partner for Israel. The EU’s feeble guidelines recommend the labelling of settlement products. 

An illegal Israeli settlement in the occupied West Bank is pictured on 19 November 2019 (AFP)
An illegal Israeli settlement in the occupied West Bank is pictured on 19 November 2019 (AFP)

After wide reporting of Zayani’s comments, Bahrain’s state news agency issued a statement shortly afterwards saying he had been “misinterpreted”, and that there would be no import of settlement goods. But it is hard not to interpret the remarks as indicating that behind the scenes, Bahrain is only too willing to collude in Israel’s refusal to distinguish between products from Israel and those made in the settlements.

That this is the trading basis of the Abraham Accords is further highlighted by reports that the UAE is already welcoming business with Israel’s illegal settlements. An Israeli winery, using grapes grown on the Golan Heights, a large plateau of Syrian territory seized by Israel in 1967 and illegally annexed in 1981, has reportedly started exporting to the UAE, which has liberalised its alcohol laws for non-citizens.

This is a fruitful turn of events for Israel’s 500,000 settlers in the occupied West Bank. They have lost no time touting for business, with the first delegation arriving in Dubai last month hoping to tap new markets in the Arab world via the UAE. Last week a settler delegation reportedly returned to Dubai to sign an agreement with a UAE company to import settlement goods, including alcohol, honey, olive oil, and sesame paste.

New low-point 

This marks a new low-point in the shift by Arab states away from their original position that Israel was a colonial implant in the region, sponsored by the West, and that there could be no “normalisation” – or normal relations – with it. 

In 2002, Saudi Arabia launched the Arab Peace Initiative, which offered Israel full diplomatic relations in return for ending the occupation. But Gulf states are now not only normalising with Israel when the occupation is actually intensifying; they are normalising with the occupation itself – as well as its bastard progeny, the settlements. 

The peace deals with the UAE and Bahrain will help the settlements entrench further, assisting Israel’s longstanding policy of annexing the West Bank in all but name

Israel has built more than 250 settlements across a vast expanse of occupied Palestinian territory – 62 percent of the West Bank, referred to as Area C under the Oslo Accords. This area was supposed to be gradually transferred to the Palestinian Authority (PA), the government-in-waiting under Mahmoud Abbas, to become the territorial backbone of a Palestinian state. 

Instead, over the past quarter of a century, Israel has used its supposedly temporary control over Area C to rapidly expand the settlements, stealing vital land and resources. These colonies have been highly integrated into Israel, with settler roads criss-crossing the occupied West Bank and tightly limiting Palestinian movement.

The peace deals with the UAE and Bahrain will help the settlements entrench further, assisting Israel’s longstanding policy of annexing the West Bank in all but name, through the creation of facts on the ground – the very outcome the Abraham Accords claimed they were meant to prevent. 

Yossi Dagan, head of the West Bank regional council that visited Dubai last month, declared that there was “no contradiction between our demand to impose sovereignty [annex large parts of the West Bank] and the strengthening of commercial and industrial ties” with the Gulf. 

Al-Aqsa dividend

In other words, settlers see the Abraham Accords as a business opportunity to expand their footprint in the occupied West Bank, not an obstacle. The likely gains for the settlers will include tourism, too, as visitors from the Gulf are expected to flock to al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem. 

The irony is that, because of Israel’s physical seizure of areas around the Islamic holy site and its control over access, Gulf Arabs will have far greater rights at al-Aqsa than the majority of Palestinians, who cannot reach it.

Jordan, which has long been the custodian of al-Aqsa, justifiably fears that Saudi Arabia may use a future accord with Israel to muscle its way into taking charge of the Jerusalem holy site, adding it to its guardianship of Mecca and Medina. 

Palestinians gather at al-Aqsa Mosque compound in June 2018 (AFP)
Palestinians gather at al-Aqsa Mosque compound in June 2018 (AFP)

In occupied Jerusalem, Palestinians are deprived of the chance to develop their own housing, let alone infrastructure to cope with the business opportunities provided by the arrival of wealthy Gulf Arabs. That should leave Israel and its settler population – rather than Palestinians – well-placed to reap the dividends from any new tourism ventures.

In a supreme irony, a member of the Abu Dhabi ruling family has bought a major stake in the Beitar Jerusalem football team, whose supporters are fiercely anti-Arab and back the takeover of East Jerusalem by settlers. 

Palestinian laboratories

During his visit, Bahrain’s Zayani observed that, as his country geared up for flights to and from Israel next month: “We are fascinated by how integrated IT and the innovation sector in Israel has been embedded in every facet of life.” Israel-UAE deal: The Emiratis are now under Israel’s thumb

Read More »

But Israel’s technology sector is “embedded in every facet of life” only because Israel treats the occupied Palestinian territories as a laboratory. Tests are conducted there on how best to surveil Palestinians, physically limit their movement and freedoms, and collect their biometric data

The hi-tech firms carrying out these experiments may be formally headquartered inside Israel, but they work and profit from their activities in the occupied territories. They are a vast complex of settlement businesses in their own right.

This is why Nabil Shaath, an aide to Abbas, observed of the Gulf’s burgeoning ties with Israel that it was “painful to witness Arab cooperation with one of the worst manifestations of aggression against the Palestinian people, which is the Israeli settlements on our land”. 

Settler ally

How enthusiastically the UAE and Bahrain are getting into the occupation business, and preparing to subsidise its worst features, is highlighted by the Abraham Fund, set up by the US in October. It is a vehicle for Gulf states and Israel to secure billions of dollars in private investment to underpin their new diplomatic relations. 

Again, the official story has glossed over the reality. According to statements from the main parties, the fund is intended to raise at least $3bn to bolster regional economic cooperation and development initiatives.

If the oil-rich Gulf states help pick up the tab, they will incentivise Israel to stay put and steal yet more Palestinian land and resources

The UAE’s minister of state, Ahmed Ali Al Sayegh, has said: “The initiative can be a source of economic and technological strength for the region, while simultaneously improving the lives of those who need the most support.”

The fund is supposed to help Palestinians, as one of those groups most in need of support. But again, the main parties are not playing straight. The deception is revealed by the Trump administration’s selection of who is to head the Abraham Fund, one of its last appointments before the handover to Biden. 

According to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, the fund will be overseen by Aryeh Lightstone, a fervently right-wing rabbi and ally of Israel’s settler community. Lightstone is a senior adviser to David Friedman, the US ambassador to Israel who has his own strong ties to the settlements. Friedman pushed aggressively for the US to move its embassy from Tel Aviv to occupied Jerusalem. Trump finally did so in May 2018, breaking an international consensus against locating diplomatic missions in Jerusalem. 

Checkpoint upgrade

The political priorities of Lightstone are evident in one of the Abraham Fund’s first declared projects: to “modernise” Israeli checkpoints across the occupied West Bank. 

The checkpoint upgrade is being hailed by US officials as designed to benefit Palestinians. It will speed up their passage as they try to move around the occupied West Bank, and as those with permits enter Israel or the settlements to work. One senior Trump administration official promised checkpoint delays that currently keep Palestinians waiting for many hours could be dramatically cut: “If I can upgrade that, which doesn’t cost a lot of money, and have it take 30 seconds, I am blowing up [freeing up] 400,000 work hours a day.”

There are many glaring problems with this approach – not least that under international law, belligerent military occupations such as Israel’s must be temporary in nature. Israel’s occupation has endured for more than five decades already. 

Palestinians make their way through a checkpoint north of Hebron on 4 October (AFP)
Palestinians make their way through a checkpoint north of Hebron on 4 October (AFP)

Efforts to make the occupation even more permanent – by improving and refining its infrastructure, such as through upgrades to create airport-style checkpoints – is in clear breach of international law. Now the Gulf will be intimately involved in subsidising these violations.

Further, the idea that the Abraham Fund’s checkpoint upgrade is assisting Palestinians – “those who most need support” – or developing their economy is patently ridiculous. The fund is exclusively helping Israel, a robust first-world economy, which is supposed to shoulder the costs of its military rule over Palestinians. 

The Abraham Fund’s planned checkpoint upgrade is actually a subsidy by the Gulf to the settlements

The economic costs of occupation are one of the few tangible pressures on Israel to withdraw from the territories and allow Palestinians sovereignty. If the oil-rich Gulf states help pick up the tab, they will incentivise Israel to stay put and steal yet more Palestinian land and resources.

Indeed, the hours being freed up, even assuming that is what actually happens, are unlikely to help the Palestinian economy or bring financial benefits to the Palestinian labourers Israel has made dependent on its economy through the lengthy occupation. To develop their own economy, Palestinians need their land and resources stolen by Israel restored to them.

Herding Palestinians

Seen another way, the Abraham Fund’s planned checkpoint upgrade is actually a subsidy by the Gulf to the settlements. That is because the very purpose of the checkpoints is to enforce Israeli control over where and when Palestinians can travel in their homeland. 

Israel uses the checkpoints as a way to herd Palestinians into particular areas of the occupied West Bank, especially the third under nominal PA control, while blocking their entry to the rest. That includes a denial of access to the West Bank’s most fertile land and its best water sources. Those areas are exactly where Israel has been building and expanding the settlements.From Egypt to the UAE, normalisation with Israel heralds disaster

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Palestinians are in a zero-sum battle against the settlers for control over land in the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem. Any help Israel receives in restricting their movement through checkpoints is a loss to Palestinians and a victory for the settlers. Modernised checkpoints will simply be far more efficient at herding Palestinians where Israel and the settlers want them to be.

In partnering with Israel on upgrading checkpoints, the Gulf will be aiding Israel in making its technology of confinement and control of the Palestinian population even more sophisticated, benefiting once again the settlers. 

This is the real story of the Gulf’s Abraham Accords – not simply of turning a blind eye to Israel’s decades-long oppression of Palestinians, but of actively becoming partners with Israel and the settlers in carrying out that oppression. 

The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye.

This article is available in French on Middle East Eye French edition.Jonathan CookJonathan Cook, a British journalist based in Nazareth since 2001, is the the author of three books on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He is a past winner of the Martha Gellhorn Special Prize for Journalism. His website and blog can be found at: http://www.jonathan-cook.net

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine (03 – 09 December 2020)

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  • IOF shot and killed Palestinian, northeast of Ramallah
  • 19 Palestinian civilians wounded, including 6 childern, in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem
  • 3 shootings reported at agricultural lands, and 3 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 93 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 77 civilians arrested, including 7 children and a woman
  • IOF demolished and confiscated 10 barracks in Ramallah and Jericho and distributed 9 cease-construction notices in Hebron
  • 9,000 settlement units constructed on the land of Jerusalem International Airport in occupied East Jerusalem
  • Settler-attacks: an attempt to burn a church in occupied East Jerusalem and 90 trees cut and uprooted in Salfit
  • IOF established 61 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

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Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, in a new crime of excessive use of lethal force, IOF killed a Palestinian during the suppression of a peaceful protest in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah. PCHR notes the recurrence of similar crimes, as PCHR’s staff documented the killing of 22 Palestinian civilians, including 6 children and a woman, by IOF since the beginning of 2020 in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Also, PCHR’s fieldworkers monitored and documented IOF targeting of children during the suppression of protests and during incursions into the West Bank cities in recent weeks.

Furthermore, IOF demolitions of Palestinian homes and properties continued as part of Israel’s de facto annexation and under various pretexts in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

This week, PCHR documented 180 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

IOF killed a Palestinian child and wounded 19 other civilians, including 6 children, in excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem. On 04 December 2020, ‘Ali Ayman Naser Abu ‘Alia (14) was killed and 4 other civilians were wounded during the suppressing of a peaceful protest in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to  al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah. IOF killed the child without any justification and without the presence of any threat to the soldiers’ lives.

Also, 2 civilians were wounded during IOF incursion into Nablus; 7 civilians wounded, including 2 children- one sustained wounds in his eye, in occupied East Jerusalem; 2 civilians wounded in Jericho; and 4 others wounded in Dheisheh camp in Bethlehem.

In the Gaza Strip, 3  IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands, and 3 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 93 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them.7During this week’s incursions, 77 Palestinians were arrested, including 7 children and a woman. It should be noted that the woman was arrested twice.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted a limited incursion into northern Gaza Strip.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 8 incidents, including:

  • Ramallah: 2 barracks demolished in Deir Dibwan village and another barrack confiscated in eastern al-Mughayyir village;
  • Tubas: 2 excavators confiscated in northern Jordan valleys;
  • Occupied East Jerusalem: 9,000 settlement units constructed on the land of Jerusalem International Airport (Qalandia);
  • Bethlehem: 180 olive trees uprooted in al-Khader village;
  • Jericho: 7 barracks confiscated;
  • Hebron: houses and barns served 9 cease-construction notices.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 4 settler-violence incidents: 80 olive trees cut in Yasuf village; 10 olive and fig trees uprooted in western Haris village in Salfit; and a settler attempted to burn the Gethsemane Church in the Mount of Olives area in occupied East Jerusalem.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity
  • At approximately 00:00 on Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank, and stationed in the city’s eastern side. The IOF secured the entry of dozens of buses carrying settlers towards the Joseph’s tomb to perform prayers. Meanwhile, Palestinian young men gathered, set fire to tires and threw stones at IOF, who responded with rubber bullets and teargas canisters. As a result, 2 young men sustained rubber bullet wounds and received treatment at Rafidia Hospital. The wounded were: an 18-year-old male who was shot with a rubber bullet in his face, causing fractures in his teeth and mouth; and a 19-year-old male who was shot with a rubber bullet in his right foot. Also, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 08:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire around them, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • In new crime of excessive use of lethal force, Israeli occupation forces (IOF) killed on Friday, 04 December 2020, a Palestinian child and wounded 4 other civilians during the suppression of a peaceful protest in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah. The child died few hours after sustaining a live bullet in his abdomen without any justification or posing threat to the soldiers’ lives. According to investigations conducted by the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR), at approximately 11:00 on Friday, a peaceful protest took off in the center of al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah, at the call of the villagers, towards lands under the threat of confiscation and in protest to the establishment of new settlement outposts in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to the village. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers and annexation wall. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. Following the Friday prayer, the protestors chanted slogans again the Israeli occupation and settlers. IOF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, 4 civilians sustained rubber bullets wounds in their lower extremities and received treatment on the spot. At approximately 13:30, as the clashes were ongoing, Israeli soldiers shot at ‘Ali Ayman Naser Abu ‘Aliya (14), wounding him with a live bullet in his abdomen below the lung on the right side of his body. Abu ‘Aliya was immediately taken via a Palestinian Red Crescent Socitey (PRCS) ambulance to the Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah, where he underwent a surgery. At approximately 18:00 on the same day, medical sources pronounced him dead. The medical report showed that the bullet penetrated the liver and ruptured it.
  • At approximately 12:20, IOF suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinian civilians in protest at lands confiscations in favor of settlement projects. IOF chased the protestors gathered in the area and clashed with them. During which, IOF fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many protestors sustained bruises.
  • At approximately 14:45, IOF stationed at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing, northern Beit Hanoun, opened fire sporadically at adjacent border areas. Farmers were panicked due to the heavy shooting; no injuries or damage were reported.
  • At approximately15:45, IOF stationed north of al-Sifa area, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, causing fear among Palestinian civilians, who approached the fence, and forcing them to flee; no casualties or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyia area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at a military checkpoint established at the northern entrance to Hebron, so-called Checkpoint (56). IOF chased the Palestinian men in the village’s market and threw sound bombs and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. As a result, many young men suffocated dye to teargas inhalation. IOF re-positioned behind the cement cubes placed in front of the checkpoint while the young men continued to throw stones at them. Meanwhile, a photojournalist working at Wafa News Agency, Mashhour Hasan al-Wahwah (37), was in the area to cover the clashes, but an Israeli soldier threatened him, prevented him from covering the clashes and denied his access to the area. Few hours later, IOF chased the young men again and al-Wahwah followed them. During which, an Israeli soldier approached al-Wahwah, shouted at him and cursed him. When al-Wahwah tried to talk with the soldier, the latter kicked him twice in his legs and ordered him to leave. Al-Wahwah tried to talk with the officer, who was on duty, but in vain. The clashes continued until 18:00; and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off al- al-Sudaniya Shore, northwest of Jabalia camp, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles and opened heavy fire around them, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  •  At approximately 08:30 on Saturday, 05 December 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire in their direction, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:10 on Sunday, 06 December 2020, IOF stationed along the Gaza-Israel border fence, east of Khan Yunis, fired live bullets towards agricultural lands east of Khuzaʽa; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 20:30 on Sunday, 06 December 2020, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, closed the village’s main street and established checkpoints near al-Arba’een mosque in the center of the village and at the entrances to nearby neighborhoods. During which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov Cocktails at IOF, who chased the protestors and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, Omar Ahmed Khalil Mahmoud (16) was shot with a rubber bullet below his left eye while present in front of his house. He was then taken to Hadassah Ein Kerem Hospital in West Jerusalem for treatment. It should be noted that Isawiya village has been the target of recurrent IOF incursions in the past year, where IOF carries out arrest campaigns against civilians under the pretext of being wanted persons, fire live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at Palestinian civilians and their houses and properties.

The wounded child Omar Mahmoud

  • At approximately 05:00 on Monday, 07 December 2020, a large Israeli force accompanied with dozens of Israeli soldiers and Special Forces moved into Dheisheh refugee camp, south of Bethlehem, where they raided and searched dozens of houses after blowing up their doors and causing fear among the inhabitants. During which, Palestinian young men gathered and threw empty bottles and Molotov Cocktails at IOF, who chased them on the village streets and fired heavy live bullets and sound bombs at them. As a result, 3 young men sustained gunshot wounds in their legs and received treatment at Beit Jala Hospital. Also, IOF arrested 4 civilians: Shehab Hasan Mezher (47), Mohammed Nedal Abu ‘Akar (27), and the siblings Mohammed (27) and Na’iem Abu ‘Akar (26).
  • At approximately 08:00, a large Israeli force accompanied with dozens of Israeli soldiers and Special Forces moved into Kalandia refugee camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Khaled ‘Abed al-Raouf Hamad’s house and arrested his sons Mo’ath (26) and Mohammed (28), taking them to an unknown destination. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF and their vehicles. IOF chased the protestors on the village streets and fired heavy live bullets and teargas canisters at them. As a result, 5 civilians, including a child, were shot with live bullets and taken to the Palestine Medical Complex for treatment. The wounded were identified:
  1. ‘Ali Hasan ‘Abed al-Qader (16), who was shot with a live bullet in the chect;
  2. ‘Ali Khaled ‘Abed al-Raouf Hamad (24), who was shot with a live bullet in the abdomen;
  3. Mohammed Ibrahim Saleh ‘Ali, who was shot with a live bullet in the thigh;
  4. Ahmed ‘Abed al-‘Aziz al-Roum, who was shot with a live bullet in his foot; and
  5. Mohammed Ibrahim Khalil Nser, who was shot with a live bullet in the foot.
  • At approximately 14:45, IOF stationed at Kalandia military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem, opened fire at Mohammed Mazen Abu Laban (24), wounding him with live bullets. IOF claimed that Abu Laban attempted to carry out a stabbing-attack. Abu Laban was taken to Hadassah Hospital, where his health condition was classified as serious. According to a video recording, Abu Laban attempted to pass the checkpoint through the vehicles lane, which is forbidden to pedestrians, IOF warned him and then shot him. In the same context, Israeli media stated that the young man, who was wounded at the military checkpoint did not carry a weapon or a knife and IOF opened fire at him because he did not obey their orders. It should be noted that Abu Laban, Shabab al-Amari’s Football Club reserve goalkeeper, was heading to a match VS Jabel Mukaber team, which took place at Faisal al-Husseini Stadium in al-Ram village, north of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 03:30 on Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF moved into Aqabat Jaber camp, southwest of Jericho. IOF were deployed in the camp, during which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF. Violent Clashes erupted between the protestors and IOF, who immediately fired teargas canisters, sound bombs and rubber bullets at the protestors. As a result, 2 civilians sustained sound bombs shrapnel wounds; the first was an 18-year-old male, who sustained shrapnel wounds in his abdomen while the second was a 24-year-old male, who sustained shrapnel wounds in his foot. Both of them received treatment on the spot. In the meantime, IOF raided and searched houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Akram al-Moqaiti (26), and the two siblings Yehia (20) and Yousef (18) Naseem al-Moqaiti.
  1. II. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 03 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-al-Mashrou’ area in al-Eizariya, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed al-Kalouni’s house and arrested his sons Samer (23) and Ibrahim (20).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Jadawil area in Beit Jala. They raided and searched Mohammed Naser Abu Sheikha’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:30, IOF moved into al-Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Oday Issam Abu Nassar (22) and Laith Kareem al-Atrash (18) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 05:30, IOF moved into al-Funduq area, east of Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ali Maher Taim (30).
  • At approximately 16:30, IOF stationed at al-Hamra military checkpoint in central valleys, north of the West Bank, arrested the two siblings Sanad (24) and Ali Sharif Ahmed Ali (26), from Jaba’ village, south of Jenin, taking them to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Yatta, Beit Ummar, and Beit ‘Amra villages in Hebron governorate; Qarawat Bani Zeid, northwest of Ramallah governorate; and Birzeit, north of Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 04 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Wadea’ Dawoud Alian’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Burqa village, northwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sa’eed Mohammed Hajja (38), and Abdul Halim Emad Daghlas (19).
  • At approximately 11:00, a group of Mista’arvim (Israeli Special Unit dressed like Palestinians) sneaked into southern Nablus. They used a white Mercedes bus, stationed on al-Ta’awon street, and surrounded a building belonging to al-Alfi family. Meanwhile, several military vehicles moved into the area coming from al-Tur mount, south of the city, to provide protection for the special unit. Before their withdrawal, IOF arrested Mo’ayad Nimir al-Alfi (47), claiming that he had been wanted for years ago, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF arrested Mahmoud al-Jondi (28), after getting out from al-Aqsa Mosque through Bab Huta, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, taking him to a police station in the city.
  • At approximately 01:15, IOF moved into New Nablus, south of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They surrounded and stormed s house belonging to Emad Mohammed al-Shami (50), a Lieutenant in the Preventive Security Service, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:30, IOF arrested Fathi Yassine Abu Srour (31), while present in Caritas area, north of Bethlehem, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF arrested Belal Ju’aiwi (24), while riding his bicycle near Rachel’s Tomb, north of Bethlehem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

Saturday, 05 December 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Bab Huta neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Omar Mousa Ajlouni’s house and took his two sons Sufian (22) and Saif (19), to a police station in the city.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed Hamed al-Natsha’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli Intelligence Services arrested Mohammed Hamza Obaid (14), from al-Issawiya village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem, after investigating with him for several hours in al-Bareed police station in the city. Obaid’s arrest was extended for the next day.

At approximately 12:00, IOF arrested Hanadi Mohammed al-Halawani (42), while attempting to enter the Aqsa Mosque through Bab al-Asbat Minaret, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took her to al-Maskoubiya police station. Al-Halawani said that, in the morning, IOF summonsed her for investigation. At approximately 12:00, IOF arrested her near Bab al-Asbat, and investigated with her about the writing on her coat: wearing a coat written on it “Bab al-Rahma is Ours” and “al-Aqsa is a Belief”. When Handi denied the charge, the investigators attempted to pressurize her to sign a decision that ban her entry to the Aqsa Mosque and Jerusalem’s Old City again, but she refused and preferred to be arrested and referred to the court rather than banning her from entering the abovementioned places. The Israeli Intelligence Services released her after threatened her to be arrested. It should be noted that IOF arrested the teacher, al-Halawani, after storming her house several times, and she was investigated several times and banned from entering the Aqsa Mosque for up to 14-months.

  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Beit Kahel, Yatta, Tarqumiyah, and Imreish, in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.
  • Sunday, 06 December 2020:
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Omar Khalil Abu al-Hawa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sami Naji Nazzal (24).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Zeita, north of Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Rabah Abdul Fattah Libdi (30), who is a former prisoner.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Eyad Ali Irsheed’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF stationed at Huwara military checkpoint, south of Nablus, arrested Mohammed Nasr al-Dein Allan (36), who is a lawyer from Einabus village, southeast of Nablus.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Khaldoun Taha Dari’s (23) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into al-Wad neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Ra’fat Sameeh Najeeb’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into al-Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Shadi Issa Ma’ali’s (40) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Ma’ali was arrested several times and served 12 years in the Israeli prisons on charge of belonging to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and participating resisting the Israeli occupation.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya and Beita, southeast of Nablus; Sa’ir and al-‘Aroub refugee camp in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 07 December 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in Bab al-Zawiya. They opened the main door, raided and searched Irsheed Printing House that belongs to Jehad Hussain Irsheed, destroyed its contents, and confiscated some of Jehad’s children’s pictures, Oday and Dania, who were killed in the Israeli offensive of 2015.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Sheikh neighborhood in the southern area of Hebron. They raided and searched Mahmoud Hamdi Shabana’s (44) house and confiscated his laptop. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Azzun, east of Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abdul Razzaq Emad Swaidan (17).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Nahalin, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Theib Abdul Hamid Najajera’s (58) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Najajera is a governmental teacher who served several years in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into Kafr Thulth, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Adel Sameeh Shawahna (22) and Murad Ammar Shawahna (19).
  • At approximately 05:10, IOF moved into Kafr Ni’ma, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Riyad Ahmed Abdo’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into al-Rashayida village, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Sa’eed Suliman Owda Fawarqa’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into Ras Khmis neighborhood in Shu’afat refugee camp, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Mohammed Ali’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF arrested Hanadi Mohammed al-Halawani (42), while present near Bab Huta, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s gates. IOF took her to a police station in the Old City and interrogated her for several hours before she was released on a condition that she will be banned from entering the Aqsa Mosque for a week, and she will later return to receive a new 6-month ban.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into al-Bustan neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mohammed Waleed al-Rajabi’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into Bab Huta, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Omar Mousa al-‘Ajlouni’s (51) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Beita, southeast of Nablus; Zububa, west of Jenin; Dura, Beit ‘Amra and al-Samu, in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.
  • Tuesday, 08 December 2020:
  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Marwan Obaid’s house and arrested his sons; Omar (24) and Mohammed (20).
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahil, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mahmoud Ra’ed Asafra’s (21) house and arrested him.

At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Za’tara village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Khaled Ibrahim Tafesh’s (55) house, who was a member in the dissolved Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC), and handed his son, Mos’ab (28), a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services. It should be noted that Tafesh is a former prisoner who was arrested several times and spent 8-years in the Israeli prisons in separate periods; part of which was under the administrative arrest.

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Dahiya neighborhood, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nidal Atef Abu Rmaila (49).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Harmala village, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Abdullah Awad Abayat (28), Isma’el Khalil al-Zeir (43), and Hamza Taleb Abu Dayya (20).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron and stationed in al-Dahar, Safa, and Asida neighborhoods. They raided and searched three housesand arrested (3) civilians including two children; Majdi Mershed Za’aqiq (16), Ibrahim Rami Za’aqiq (16), and Obaida Ghazi ‘Aadi (29). IOF blew up the door of Ghazi’s house, while Ghazi’s wife was behind the door attempting to open it. As a result, Qamar Ahmed ‘Aadi (55) sustained several bruises.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Judeida village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sameh Hussam Abu Mariam (20).

At approximately 07:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint in the entrance of Susya village, north of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They stopped the vehicles and checked the ID cards of the passengers. Meanwhile, IOF stopped a vehicle carrying the teachers of Susya Elementary School and arrested two of them: Amjad Badr Shraiteh (41) and Isma’il Ali Nawaj’a (44). Nisreen Nawaj’a, principal of Susya Elementary School, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: “After arresting the two teachers, we decided to sit-in the checkpoint and refused to leave without Nawaj’a and Shraiteh, as we were suffering from various harassments for two weeks while passing through the abovementioned checkpoint. Sometimes, the teachers had to take dirt roads to reach the school; as they were not allowed to pass through that checkpoint under the pretext of security purposes, even though, the students joined in the sit-in until the IOF released the two teachers after an hour”.

  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Sami Mutair’s (32) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services on the next day.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF arrested Mo’ath Abu Arafa (32), while he was on duty in the occupied East Jerusalem. Abu Arafa was taken to one of the investigation centers in the city and interrogated for several hours about giving religious lessons at the Aqsa Mosque. IOF released him on condition that banning his entry to the Aqsa Mosque for a week and return for investigation after that period.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested Firas Khairy Katana (22), from al-Nazla al-Gharbiya, north of Tulkarm, while present near the border fence adjacent to Zeita village, north of Tulkarm. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out incursions in Nablus. no arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 09 December 2020:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Qarawat Bani Hassan, west of Salfit. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Laith Adnan Rayyan (25).
  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Deir al-Hatab village, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Salman Ahmed Emran (39).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Bal’a village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (7) former prisoners and released them later. The arrestees were: Mohammed Emad Barabra, Talal Abu Yassine, Ja’far Ayman Shahrour, Tha’er Rida Mer’i, Naser Khalil Abu Dayya, Atiya Wael Mahmoud, and Essam Ghazi Jitawi.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al-Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and neighborhoods and arrested (4) civilians: Kamel Jalal Nakhla (25), Maher Ayyoub Dalaisha (45), Ya’qoub Mostafa Hussain (27), and Fadi Nayef Alian (40). IOF released Nakhla and Dalaisha on the same day evening.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Taqoa village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Abu Mfarreh’s house and took his sons Ahmed (18) and Mohammed (17), to unknown destinations.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with six military vehicles stationed in Abu Safiya Gate, northeast of Jabalya, north of the Gaza Strip, moved 100 meters to the north of the border fence with Israel. They levelled and combed lands that were previously levelled amidst sporadic shooting. At approximately 10:00, IOF withdrew, and no casualties were reported.
  • Also during the day, IOF conducted 8 incursions into Palestinian territory without any arrests reported: Jaba’, southern Jenin; Sebastia, northwestern Nablus; Shufa, Anabta, Deir al-Ghusun, Zeita and Far’un in Tulkarm.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 03 December 2020, an Israeli force backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with a Civil Administration vehicle and a bulldozer stormed the eastern area of Deir Dibwan village, east of Ramallah. IOF bulldozer demolished 2 barracks built of steel pillars and tin plates on an area of 120 sqm, 2 tents, a tent used for storing animal feed built on an area of 40 sqm, a barn built on area of 200 sqm. All of these facilities were used for grazing sheep and owned by Atef Awawdah Shalabi, from Deir Dibwan village. IOF also dismantled 6 steel feeding and watering equipment and confiscated them. The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • At approximately 10:50 on Sunday, 06 December 2020, IOF stormed Atouf area, east of Tammun village, southeast of Tubas in northern valleys, north of the West Bank. IOF confiscated 2 diggers owned by Aman Rabah Gharib Bani Ouda and Diya’a Bani Ouda, from the abovementioned village. IOF confiscated the 2 diggers while both Ayman and Diya’a were paving an agricultural road in for the village’s council. Confiscation was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • On the same Sunday, the Organization and Construction Department at the Israeli Municipality in occupied Jerusalem announced approved construction of 9 thousand settlement units in “Atrout” settlement established on Qalandiya and Beit Hanina village’ lands, north of occupied East Jerusalem. According to the Israeli Civil Administration Commission, thousands of new settlement units will be constructed over 600 dunums in-lieu of Jerusalem’s abandoned international airport. IOF seized these lands in the 1970s. It should be noted that the Israeli settlement expansion plan in Atrout was laid out years ago, but it was frozen more than once due to international political pressures rejecting Israeli settlements in lands occupied in 1967. Jerusalem’s international airport was located on Qalandiya lands, north of occupied Jerusalem and it was the oldest airport in Palestine as it was constructed in 1920 during the British mandate of Palestine on an area of 650 dunums. Until the Israeli occupation in 1967, the airport was used for tourism and commercial purposes from and to Jerusalem before the outbreak of the Second Intifa in 2000.
  • On Monday morning, 07 December 2020, IOF uprooted hundreds of olive trees and grape vines after they leveled lands in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. Al-Khader Village’s Municipality said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF uprooted more than 30 olive seedlings after they leveled a land owned Yaseen Khader Essa, in Wadi al-Shami area. IOF also leveled a 6-dunums land in al-Absiya area in the abovementioned village owned by Rezeq Mohammed Husein Salah. Leveling the land led to uprooting 100 olive trees and 50 grapes seedlings. It should be noted that IOF lately committed many violations against Palestinian farmers in al-Khader village, including leveling and seizing lands, uprooting trees and preventing landowners from approaching them. These Israeli practices are in favor of settlement expansion activities.
  • At approximately 06:00 on Tuesday, 12 December 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle and truck mounted crane stormed al-Qaboun area, east of Al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah. The area has been inhabited by a Bedouin community for 20 years. Israeli authorities brought workers from private companies and dismantled  and confiscated a barrack built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 90 sq.m; it is owned  by Hasan Sueliman Abu al-Kabash, and used for grazing sheep. The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C) according to Oslo Accords.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle, a truck mounted crane, and a bulldozer stormed al-Auja village, north of Jericho. IOF deployed in the area and surrounded it and brought workers from a private company; they dismantled and confiscated 7 under-construction barracks built of steel pillars and bricks (uninhabited). One of these barracks was used to  store barley and wheat crops for feeding sheep and livestock. The bulldozer also confiscated crops. The demolition and confiscation were under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The demolition details were as follows:
Affected personfacility
Mohammed Yaseen Mousa RashaidahUnder-construction barrack built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 70 sqm.
Zawada Suleiman Saleem Abu Khraish Under-construction barrack built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 70 sqm.
Farea Yaseen RshaidahUnder-construction barrack used for grazing sheep and livestock built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 30 sqm
Khalaf Fares RashaidahUnder-construction barrack used for grazing sheep and livestock built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 30 sqm
Sulieman Dawoud Tarif al-ZayedA barrack built of bricks and steel used to store on an area of 200 sqm
Hani Ata Dawoud al-ZayedUnder-construction barrack used for grazing sheep and livestock built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 30 sqm
Ata Daoud Tarif al-ZayedUnder-construction barrack built of bricks and steel on an area of 80 sqm
  • At the same time, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle and a truck mounted crane stormed Khirbat al-Simia, west of as-Samu village, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed in the area while the Civil Administration officers dismantled a barrack built of bricks on an area of 100 sqm, used for grazing sheep and it is owned by Riyad Abdul Karim Ghayad al-Salamin. Before IOF withdrew from the area, the Civil and Administration officer handed al-Salamin a paper of the confiscated items. Israeli authorities also handed al-Salamin a notice called “stop destruction of archeological sites” on 11 December 2020.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Wednesday, 09 December 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle stormed Khirbat al-Jawaya, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The Civil Administration officer fixed a number of notices a notice to stop construction works at residents and livestock barns under the pretext of illegal construction and gave them until 30 December 2020, to submit the required legal document before the Committee at the Civil Administration. The notices were as follows:
Affected personfacilityAreaConstruction yearDescription of constructionFundingFamily membersChildrenNotice No.Financial costConstruction
Ahmed Hammad Mohammed Nawaja’aWater well160sqm2005A holeorganization6331141
Ahmed Hammad Mohammed Nawaja’ahouse310sqm2018Under constructionpersonal643114380cement
Ra’ef Kahlid Mohammed Nawaj’a3 houses200sqm2020Under constructionpersonal4231140cement
Essa Mohammed Husein Shawahintent50sqm2020Construction completepersonal11931142Tent
Mousa Hasan Husein Shawahinbarn60sqm2019Construction completedpersonal6431144 Cement
Moamed Ahmed Mahmoud ShawhinA house40sqm2019Under constructionpersonal4231146200,00cement
Adham Ahmed Mahmoud ShahinA house100sqm2019Under constructionpersonal4231148120,000cement
Mohammed Ali Mohammed HuseinA house100sqm2019Under constructionpersonal4231148120,000bricks
Ayed Eyada ShawahinLivestock barrack60sqm2018Construction completepersonal84206751bricks

Khirbat al-Jawaya is located in eastern Yatta, south of Hebron and inhabited with 300 persons, who work in agriculture and the construction sector. This area is located in Area (C) according to the Oslo Accords. At the southern and eastern outskirts of the Khirbah, we find the Bypass Raod (60) and “Ma’on” settlement a mere one kilometer away. IOF’s settlement expansion activities on Palestinians’ lands, resident of Khirbat al-Jawaya are unable to conduct any construction in the area.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 11:30 on Thursday, 03 December 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from Taffuh settlement established at lands of Yasouf village, east of Salfit, uprooted 42 olive trees in al-Karm eastern area, southeast of Yasouf village, using electric equipment. The land is owned by brothers Shaher and Ali Mohammed Theeb Yaseen.

Ali Theeb Yaseen said to PCHR’s fieldworker that his eldest son headed to al-Karm eastern area, east of the city to check on the olive trees planted a month ago. He found the fence cut off and olive trees uprooted as settlers uprooted 42 olive trees from his land and 13 olive trees from his Brother’s land.

  • At approximately 14:20 on Friday, 04 December 2020, an Israeli settler stormed the Church of all Nations or Basilica of the Agony located at Mount of Olives, east of occupied East Jerusalem, and attempted to set fire into it before the church’s guards and the area residents interfered. They extinguished the fire and caught the settler and handed him to the Israeli police.

According to the church’s guard, Fadi al-Moghrabi, a settler poured diesel and attempted to set fire into some seats in the church. However, some civilians intervened and prevented him. Al-Moghrabi emphasized that fire caused damage to some seats and the floor.

The Israeli police also announced that they detained an Israeli (49), who lives in Jerusalem and attempted to set fire to the Basilica of the Agony in occupied East Jerusalem by pouring a flammable liquid inside it, causing damage.

According to the spokesperson of the Fire Department, 4 crews arrived at the place; luckily, the fire did not spread throughout the church, but it was full of smoke. It should be noted that the Church of all Nations or Basilica of the Agony is located at the Mount of Olive in Jerusalem near “Gethsemane” Garden and it was built above the rock where Christians believe that Jesus prayed before his arrest and crucifixion. It is noteworthy that the church was built between 1919 and 1924 and funded by several countries. The church is distinguished by its facade as it is backed by a row of pillars and a mosaic painting on its top that symbolically portrays Jesus as the link between God and mankind.

  • On Saturday morning, 05 December 2020,  a group of Israeli settlers from “ Rahalim settlement” established on Yasouf village lands, east of Salfit, cut off 38 olive trees in al-Mahawer area, southeast of Yasouf area using an electric saw. The land is owned by Rajeh and Reda Mahmoud Atiyani.

Rajeh Atiyani said to PCHR’s fieldworker: “When I headed to my land at 08:30 on Saturday morning to spray pesticides, I found  that 38 olive trees were cut off from my land and 16 others were cut off  from my brother’s land as settlers used an electric saw to cut the trees. Rajeh emphasized that his land was attacked several times before.

  • At approximately 08:30 on Monday, 07 December 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from “Revava” settlement established at lands of Haris village, north of Salfit, uprooted 10 olive trees at Khelat Abu al-Ola area, west of Haris village. The land is owned by heirs of Ya’qoub Ouda Hasan Sultan.

III. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 61 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 4 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • At approximately 14:40 on Monday, 07 December 2020, IOF closed Qalandiya military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem after they opened fire a Palestinian civilian at the checkpoint and later reopened it.
  • On the same day, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrances to ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Tuesday, 08 December 2020 IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, and under al-Khader village’s bridge, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 04 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, and near al-Nashash intersection, south of the city.
  • On Saturday, 05 December 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, the western entrance to Husan village, near al-Nashash intersection, near Deir Salah village’s bridge, and at Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho. IOF continued establishing checkpoint until Sunday, 06 December 2020, as soldiers searched civilians’ vehicles and checked their ID cards.
  • On Sunday, 06 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrane to Beit Jala, Jannata, Jab’a villages, near Deir Salah village’s bridge, east of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 07 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, the entrance to Marah Rabah village, at Aqabat Hasna area, leading to villages, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, and the entrances to Nahalin and Wadi Rehal villages.

Nablus:

  • On Friday, 04 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection to Al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya village, branching from Ramallah – Nablus Street, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Saturday, 05 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at entrance to Asira ash-Shamaliya village, north of Nablus.
  • On Monday, 07 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Beita village, al-Marba’a area near the entrance to Tal village, and at Nablus – Jenin main road, northwest of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 04 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Silat ad-Dhahr village, southwest of Jenin.
  • On Monday, 07 December 2020, IOF established2 checkpoints at the entrance to Jalamah village, and at the intersection of Arraba village.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: Al Aroub refugee camp, Sa’ir village’s northern entrance, and Halhoul southern entrance.
  • On Friday, 04 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Ash-Shuyukh village, and Beit Ummar village.
  • On Saturday, 05 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to:  Beit Awwa, Bani Na’im, and Surif villages.
  • On Sunday, 06 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Fawwar refugee camp, Ash-Shuyukh, Beit Ummar and Beit Awwa villages.
  • On Monday, 07 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at: Fawwar refugee camp, Ash-Shuyukh, Beit Ummar, and Beit Awwa villages.
  • On Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at Hebron’s southern entrance, and Halhoul’s southern entrance.
  • On Wednesday, 09 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at Halhoul’s northern entrance, Hebron’s southern entrance, Al Aroub refugee camp, and Susya village.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints between Jayyous and Azzun villages, and at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On 04 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at under the bridge of Azzun village, at the entrance to Jit village, and the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Izbat at-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection to Kifl Haris village, west of Salfit.
  • On Friday, 04 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at northern entrance to Salfit.
  • On Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.

Turkey Making Ties With Israel

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12.12.2020 

Author: Vladimir Odintsov

In recent years, one can more and more often find articles in various media about Turkey’s apparent desire to develop and strengthen its diverse ties with Israel. New Eastern Outlook has also repeatedly addressed the issue of assessing the current state of relations between the two countries, dealing with one issue in particular: Turkey and Israel: Enemies or Allies?

Relations between the two countries have developed in waves over the past decades, most notably sparking a crisis in 2010 after the Israelis shot and killed 10 Turkish activists who were trying to reach the shore on the Mavi Marmara in besieged Gaza in support of the Palestinians. Ultimately, in May 2018, Turkey expelled Israel’s ambassador and recalled its own because of Israeli attacks on Gaza and the United States’ decision to move its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. At the same time, it is no secret that economic ties have been maintained, and among the construction companies engaged in building Jewish settlements on Palestinian territory since the 1990s, there are also Turkish companies, such as the Yılmazlar Construction Group, which renewed its relationship with Israel in 2002.

As for Israel, it sees Turkey as a country with important financial flows for it and as one of the centers of world trade, a key and strategically important place for its domination in the Middle East. This explains Tel Aviv’s moves to agree to secret contacts with Turkey, one of which was the recent communication between the head of Turkey’s National Intelligence Service, Hakan Fidan, and Israeli officials as part of Turkey’s efforts to normalize relations. These latest contacts, according to sources, have involved, among other things, restoring ties between Turkey and Israel back to the envoy level.

As The Jerusalem Post notes in this regard, Turkey expects not only to show its friendly attitude towards Israel and the Jews, but also to get dividends in the eyes of Joe Biden’s administration. At the same time, the publication stresses that “this is a model that has been used before… However, it is still unclear whether Israel will pander to Turkey and ignore its support for Hamas.”

The other day there was another offer from Ankara to reconcile with Israel and end the lingering bilateral conflict. Cihat Yaycı, a retired admiral and political science professor who is close to Erdoğan, has published an article in the December issue of Turkeyscope, a monthly magazine of the Moshe Dayan Center of Tel Aviv University, proposing a solution to the maritime economic border between Israel and Turkey. He sees this, in particular, at the expense of reducing the interests of Cyprus, with which Ankara’s relations have recently seriously deteriorated against the background of Turkish expansion in the Eastern Mediterranean. It is true that in the comments to this article, the editor-in-chief of Turkeyscope, Dr. Hay Eytan Cohen Yanarocak, PhD in Oriental Studies, noted: “In order to raise the level of Israel’s relations with Turkey, in order to achieve a real normalization, it is necessary to restore mutual trust, for which, above all, it is necessary to return the envoys and consuls.”

The essence of the Turkish proposals is to establish a sea economic zone border between Turkey and Israel at the expense of Cyprus and, by redrawing the sea economic zones, to transfer a number of Cypriot blocks to Israel. In announcing these proposals, Ankara is trying to play on the fact that the border zones between Israel and Cyprus are still disputed, despite all the signed agreements. And since economic waters are concerned, where on the Cypriot side there is the Aphrodite gas field with 100 billion cubic meters of gas worth $9 billion, the new demarcation of the sea border is presented by Ankara as a very expensive gift to Tel Aviv, but only on one condition: Israel will only have business with Turkey and absolutely nothing with Cyprus, whose opinion does not interest Erdoğan in the slightest. At the same time, Ankara makes no secret of the fact that it, too, has “claims” to Cyprus, thus suggesting that Israel should conduct an “exchange of interests” by signing an agreement.

Admiral Cihat Yaycı also advises Israel not to build the expensive EastMed gas pipeline to Greece through Cyprus, but to connect to the Turkish pipeline for gas supplies to Europe, which is more practical and cheaper, clearly referring to the “Southern Gas Corridor” from Azerbaijan, which passes through Turkey.

It is worth noting that Turkey had already signed earlier a very similar agreement, only at the expense of Greece, with the Libyan government in Tripoli, which angered not only Athens, but also Brussels, Cairo and Tel Aviv. Moreover, it was the former Turkish admiral Cihat Yaycı, who suggested the idea of this agreement with Libya.

As the Israeli media commented on Yaycı’s proposal, this is the second time in the last four months that Ankara has used the energy sector in an attempt to negotiate a truce with Israel. The clearly targeted rapprochement on Turkey’s part is evidenced not only by the increasing frequency of contacts between representatives of the secret services of the two states, but also by the fact that Erdoğan himself has stopped his openly insulting attacks against Israel in recent months.

Regarding Israel’s proposed sea border agreement with Turkey, Israeli observers have already called it a “Turkish gambit,” in which Erdoğan intends to sacrifice another piece instead of a pawn… That piece being Cyprus, with which Israel has not yet agreed on a sea border.

Ankara’s proposed agreement on the mutually beneficial delimitation of the sea economic zone has so far been received rather negatively in Israeli expert circles. In particular, there is a clear warning that, if agreed on, it could pit Israel not only against Cyprus and Greece, but also against its new peace partner, the United Arab Emirates, whose formal ruler, Crown Prince Mohammad Bin Zayed, recently signed a defense treaty with Greece. At the same time, it is not ruled out that tensions between the UAE and Erdoğan with his partners in Qatar could also lead to a serious conflict between Tel Aviv and Abu Dhabi.

Under these conditions, experts believe that Israel certainly will not accept Ankara’s proposed agreement and betrayal of its ally Cyprus, which, in turn, casts doubt on the “Turkish gambit’s” success. As for Turkey, Tel Aviv insists that it must first change its public attitude towards Israel, stop delegitimizing it in the eyes of the Turkish population, and end its relations with Hamas. In doing so, Israel shows that if Erdoğan follows through, the Jewish state will find ways to restore the formal, mutually beneficial relationship between the two countries that it had in the past.

Vladimir Odintsov, political observer, exclusively for the online magazine “New Eastern Outlook”.

Weekly report on Israeli human rights violations in the Occupied Palestine (26 November – 02 December 2020)

Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

weekly report on israeli human rights violations in the occupied palestinian territory (26 November – 02 December 2020)

26 November – 02 December 2020

  • 18 Palestinian civilians wounded, including 3 children, in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank
  • IOF and Israeli settlers assault journalists in Salfit
  • 3 shootings reported at agricultural lands, and once at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 115 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 89 civilians arrested, including 6 children
  • IOF demolished 3 houses and stairway leading to Bab Al-Asbaat Minaret in East Jerusalem, and another house in Bethlehem
  • Construction commenced for a new settlement outpost in al-Ras and al-Mahajer areas in western Salfit
  • Settler-attacks: settlers assaulted a nursery in Nablus, and cut 150 trees in Ramallah
  • IOF established 63 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 7 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, 18 Palestinians, including 3 children – one deemed critical, sustained wounds in IOF excessive use of force against Palestinian protestors and in incursions into Palestinian territory. Also this week, settlers carried out wide-scale land razing in Salfit for the construction of a new settlement outpost in the area, during those activities IOF and settlers assaulted civilians and journalists. IOF demolitions of Palestinian homes and properties continued in an effort to create new facts on the ground and under various pretexts in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

This week, PCHR documented 206 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

Eighteen Palestinian civilians, including 3 children, sustained wounds in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank: 8 in IOF suppression of a protest in Beit Dajan in Nablus; 7 others, including two children, sustained wounds in three IOF assaults in Ramallah; and 4, including one child, were wounded at Kafr Qaddoum’s weekly protest against settlement expansion activities. IOF also assaulted Palestinian civilians and journalists while suppressing a protest in Salfit.

In the Gaza Strip, three IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands, and once at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 115 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 89 Palestinians were arrested, including 6 children.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Central Gaza.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 11 incidents, including:

  • Jenin: 3 houses served cease-construction notices;
  • East Jerusalem: two houses self-demolished in Wadi al-Joz and Jabel Mukaber, a house demolished in Sur Baher, and a stairway leading to Bab al-Asbat
  • Hebron: a water well, a cave, and a tin-plated room demolished; excavator confiscated and order to cease work in a land.
  • Bethlehem: house demolished in al-Khader.
  • Qalqilya: concrete floors demolished
  • Nablus: 3 agricultural houses demolished in Sebastia

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 3 settler-violence incidents: a nursery assaulted in Nablus; 150 trees cut in Turmus Ayya town, north-eastern Ramallah; and construction commenced for a new settlement outpost in al-Ras and al-Mahajer areas, western Salfit.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity
  • At approximately 11:00 on Friday, 27 November 2020, and for the 4th consecutive week, a peaceful protest took off in Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus, with the participation of the National Action Factions in Nablus. The protest started from the village Council heading to the lands under threat of confiscation east of the village. The protesters raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers, annexation wall and the Deal of Century. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. IOF suppressed the protest, attacked the tent established 3 weeks ago on the lands under threat of confiscation and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, 8 civilians sustained rubber bullet wounds and received treatment at Rafidia Hospital. Also, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment in the field.
  • At approximately 12:00, following the Friday prayer, a peaceful protest took off in Kafr Malik village, northeast of Ramallah, with the participation of the National Action Factions in Ramallah and foreigners in solidarity with the Palestinian people. The protest started from the village Council heading to the lands under threat of confiscation east of the village. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. IOF suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, 3 civilians sustained wounds: a 22-year-old male was shot with a bullet in his left foot; a 19-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his tight and a 26-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his foot. The wounded civilians were taken to Palestine Medical Complex for treatment. Also, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation. According to a video published by Israeli media, Israeli soldiers shot a live bullet from a 15-meter distance directly at a civilian, who was wounded without posing any threat to the soldiers’ life while participating in a peaceful protest. The video also showed that Israeli soldiers celebrated after the bullet wounded the civilian in his left foot.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” checkpoint established on Kar Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men gathered in the area and clashed with them, firing live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, 4 civilians, including a child, were wounded: two wounded with rubber bullets in their extremities, and the third with a rubber bullet in his back; the child was wounded with a rubber bullet in his head.
  • At approximately 13:30, Palestinian young men gathered in al-Taweel Mount area, east of al-Bireh city, and threw stones at a military checkpoint established near “Psagot” settlement, which is established on the city’s eastern lands. IOF chased the stone-throwers and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, many protestors suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.  No causalities or arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00, Palestinian young men gathered near a military checkpoint established at the southern entrance to Hebron’s Old City and threw stones at the checkpoint. IOF chased the young men and indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, many stone-throwers suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. The clashes continued until 17:00, which forced the shopkeepers to close due to the intensive firing of tear gas canisters.
  • At approximately 21:40, IOF established a military checkpoint under ‘Atara bridge, north of Ramallah. IOF severely beat Obai Saleh Diab al-Tamimi (20), from Deir Nidham village, northwest of Ramallah, while passing through the checkpoint. As a result, he sustained wounds and bruises throughout his body and received treatment at Palestine Medical Complex.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Saturday, 28 November 2020, Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyah area in central Hebron and set fire to tires on a road leading to Checkpoint 56, which is established at the northern entrance to the closed Shuhadaa’ Street. A number of Israeli soldiers got out of the checkpoint and stationed behind cement cubes. The Palestinian young men threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with teargas canisters and rubber bullets. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation, and shops were closed. The clashes continued until 13:00; and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF stationed in front of al-Horeya Tower near the western entrance to Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah, fired a live bullet at Ramzy ‘Abed al-Rahman Mer’i Hamed (16), wounding him in his chest. Hamed was present in al-Shuhada square, 100 meters away from the IOF. Mostafa Hamed, Ramzy’s uncle, said that at approximately 20:20 on Saturday, 28 November 2020, while his nephew was walking toward his house located 20 meters away from al-Shuhada square in the center of Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah, an Israeli soldier stationed in front of al- Horeya Tower near the western entrance to Silwad village, where a military checkpoint is established, fired a live bullet from a 100-meter distance at Ramzy, wounding him in his chest without cause. Ramzy was immediately taken via a civilian vehicle to Silwad Emergency Center, which referred him to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah. Mostafa Hamed added that the live bullet settled in 16-year-old Ramzy’s chest (lungs).
  • At approximately 16:30 on Sunday, 29 November 2020, Palestinian young men gathered in al-Taweel Mount area, east of al-Bireh city, and threw stones at a military checkpoint established near “Psagot” settlement, which is established on the eastern lands of the city. IOF chased the stone-throwers and fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 3 civilians, including a child, were wounded:
  • Ameer Dola Hussain (16), from Am’ari refugee camp southeast of the city, who sustained serious wounds after being shot with a live bullet in his chest;
  • A 19-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in his right foot; and
  • A 21-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in the thigh.

All wounded civilians were transported to the Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah for treatment. Also, many protestors suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.

  • At approximately 20:55 on Sunday, 29 November 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha shore, northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boat sailing within 2-3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire at them, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF suppressed the funeral of Nour Jamal Shuqair (36), who was killed by IOF last Wednesday under the pretext of attempting a car-ramming attack at a-Za’ayem military checkpoint and fired sound bombs at the mourners upon their arrival at a-Sowana neighborhood. IOF denied the mourners’ access to Bab al-Rahma Cemetery in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Shuqair family said that Israeli authorities handed them Nour’s body at the police station in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood and then they took him to Makassed Hospital to perform farewell prayer on him before burying him in Bab al-Rahma Cemetery. In the meantime, Israeli Special Forces and intelligence officers were deployed in the streets across the occupied East Jerusalem, and the roads leading to Bab al-Rahma and Asbat Cemeteries. IOF also established checkpoints at Bab Al-Asbat Minaret entrance and prevented the movement of vehicles and pedestrians. When the mourners headed to al-Sawana neighborhood, IOF intercepted them, prevented the funeral procession, threw bombs at them, and chased them into al-Tur neighborhood.

Jamal Shuqair, Nour’s uncle, said that IOF imposed tightened restrictions on the entry to the cemetery, searched the family members IDs, verified their names and ID numbers, and prevented them from taking their cellphones into the cemetery. He added that IOF only allowed 20 persons to enter the cemetery, and arrested 5 civilians: Ihab Shuqair, ‘Abdullah Shuqair, Hamouda Siyam, Maher Siyam, and Ahmed Siyam.

  • At approximately 11:30 on Monday, 30 November 2020, IOF along with Israeli settlers attacked with tear gas canisters, stones and sticks a number of journalists and civilians who were covering an event organized by the Palestinian Liberation Organization Factions and the Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission to protect lands under the threat of levelling and confiscation in al-Ras area, west of Salfit. According to PCHR’s investigation, the protestors stood in front of around 10 Israeli bulldozers in an attempt to prevent them from completing thoer work and levelling the lands. Meanwhile, armed settlers, under IOF protection, attacked the Palestinian civilians and journalists and threw stones at them. In addition, IOF fired tear gas canisters at the protestors and 13 other journalists. Additionally, Farouq Mahmoud Shaheen was mal-treated and beaten by IOF while participating in the protest. As a result, he sustained bruises and received treatment in Salfit Hospital Among those journalists were Ja’afar Shtayyeh, Jreis ‘Aazar, ‘Alaa Badarnah, ‘Issam al-Rimawi, Hisham Abu Shaqrah, Khaled Bdeir, Nidal Ishtayhah, Rani Sawaftah, Mohammed Turabi, Khaled Sabarnah, Mohammed Ishtayah, Tariq Yousif, Majdi Ishtayah and Hazem Naser.

IOF also assaulted Farouq Mahmoud Shahin for participating in the protests, he was beaten and kicked, causing him bruises. He was admitted to Salfit Hospital for treatment.

  • At approximately 17:50 on Monday, 30 November 2020, IOF stationed inside a military watchtower established at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing, northwest of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened heavy and sporadic fire at civilians who approached the fence. IOF also fired flare bombs in the sky, which caused fear among the civilians and forced them to flee. No casualties or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Tuesday, 01 December 2020, IOF stationed in the memorial site, southeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at border areas, causing fear among Palestinian farmers and shepherds. No causalities or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, and stationed in ‘Asida neighborhood. Israeli soldiers were deployed between civilian houses, and they chased Palestinian young men who threw stones at them. A number of Israeli soldiers topped the roof of Murshed Mohammed Za’aqeeq’s house after locking his family members in a room. IOF indiscriminately fired tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians’ houses. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. IOF withdrew from the village at 18:30; no arrests among civilians were reported.
  • At approximately 07:30 on Wednesday, 01 December 2020, IOF stationed along Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands and bird hunters; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:50, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boat sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire at them, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  1. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 25 November 2020:

  • At approximately 00:20, IOF moved into Arraba, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Aysar Mohammed Nawaf (19), Qais Raslan Abu Salah (18), and Mohammed Raslan al-‘Areda (18).
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ahmed Mohammed Jalal’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahil, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ali Jawad al-‘Atawna’s (34) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Eyad al-Bow’s (24) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:50, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah, and deployed in al-Hara al-Tahta and al-Karkafi neighborhoods in the eastern side of the village. They raided and searched several houses and fired teargas canisters and sound bombs between the houses causing fear and panic among Palestinian civilians and children. No casualties were reported, and (6) civilians were arrested; Ibrahem Afif al-Barghouthi (22), Mahmoud Ahmed Rayyan (23), and his brother, Ali (28), Bajes Mohammed al-Barghouthi (22), Ali Kan’an (29), and Suliman Kan’an (27). Ali and Suliman Kan’an were released in the morning hours.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Birzeit, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Yousef Mer’eb Abu Dayya’s (44) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Mughayyir town, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Hazem al-Na’san (37) and Emad Reda Abu Alia (29) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:45, IOF moved into Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Alaa Wajeeh Abatli (30).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Na’el Obaid’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed near the Council Gate “Bab al-Majlis”, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, arrested Mahmoud Ahmed al-Qadi (23) and his brother, Isma’el (21), after severely beating them. IOF took them to one of the police stations in the occupied city.
  • At approximately 18:45, Israeli Infantry Units moved into Turmus Ayya, northeast of Ramallah. They patrolled around Hugo Chavez Hospital, and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint established at the junction of “Kfar Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem, arrested Khaled Jamal Farraj (32), from al-Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. IOF took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that Farraj is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • IOF carried out (12) incursions in Qabatiya, al-Shuhada, Mirka, Jaba’, Silat ad-Dhahr, and Fandaqumiya villages in Jenin governorate; Dura and Sa’ir in Hebron governorate; Izbat Jal’ud, Jayyous and Immatain villages in Qalqilya governorate; Tulkarm and Kafr Ni’ma. West of Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 27 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli infantry unit moved into Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched Hamouda Hani Abu Hayya’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:25, IOF moved into Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians; Thawri Abu Mortada (44), Mo’tasem Sameh Abu Ghunaim (22), Abdulrahman (25) and his brother, Abdul Rahim Talab Haj Mohammed (22).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sa’ed Thabit Abu Obaid (41) and Sameer Mahmoud Abu Obaid (22).
  • At approximately 02:20, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abdul Jabbar Mohammed Jarrar (54) and Mohammed Omar Shehab (53).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Yamun village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ibrahem Taher Nawahda (55).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Silat al-Harithiya village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Samer Mostafa Jaradat (32).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Deir Ghazaleh village, northeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohannad Abdul Fattah Abu Ghazaleh (25).
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Zububa and Beit Qad in Jenin governorate; Halhul, Beit Ummar, and Tarqumiyah in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 28 November 2020:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Safwan Abdul Karim al-Ja’bari (27), from Hebron governorate, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli infantry units moved into Jaber neighborhood in the eastern side of Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched Ma’moun Ayman Jaber’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint established on the northern side of Bethlehem, arrested Safwan Abdul Karim al-Ja’bari (28), from the southern side of Hebron, while heading to Ramallah. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and handed three civilians, including a child, summonses to refer to al-Maskoubiya police station; Mohammed Derbas (17), Adam Obaid (20), and Laith Mahmoud (19). IOF released the three abovementioned civilians in the evening hours on bail and with house arrest orders.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Yatta, Beit Kahil and Surif villages in Hebron governorate; al-Zawiya and Kafr al-Dik, west of Jenin. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 29 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Akram Ghadeb Obaid’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron, and stationed in the center of the camp. They stormed, broke 3 doors and searched Mostafa Hussain Hasaniya’s (54) house, detained all the house members in one room, confiscated two laptops and 3 mobile phones, and arrested his son, Mohammed (20). One of the soldiers beaten Abdul Jalil (18), when he attempted to stop the arresting of his brother, Mohammed, so he sustained wounds in his mouth, and taken to the governmental hospital in Hebron where the doctors stitched his wounds.

Monday, 30 November 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Azza refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ayman Nawwaf al-Qaisi’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Eizariya village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Tha’er Anis Ghabbash (37), who works for the Wall and Colonization Resistance Commission, and Mohammed Raslan Far’oun (19), and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Salfit, north of the west Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Rawdi Ma’zouz Yassin (27), a student at al-Quds Open Univesity.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mousa Monir Ja’ara (23) and Shadi Shihada Badawna (32) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:20, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Khedive neighborhood in Jericho. They raided and searched Suliman Khalaf Awajna’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Aqabat Jabr refugee camp, southwest of Jericho governorate. They raided and searched Abdul Aziz Jehad Safi’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Matar neighborhood, near Qalandiya checkpoint, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ashraf Ibrahim al-Bashiti’s (43) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:40, IOF moved into Qarawat Bani Zeid village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Omar Raja Arrar (22) and Nour al-Dein Ibrahim Snaif (33) and arrested them. In the evening, IOF released Omar Arrar only.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF reinforced with 6 military bulldozers moved 100-meters to the west of the border fence, east of al-Bureij, accompanied with the Israeli flights of reconnaissance aircraft in the sky. They levelled and combed lands before they deployed again at approximately 13:30.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They chased a group of children present in the main street in the center of the camp and took (4) of them to the military watchtower established at the entrance of the camp. IOF handcuffed and took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees are: Ahmed Khalil Khinna (17), Mohannad Aqel Salah (16), Mohammed Monir Miqbel (15), and Ahmed Abdul Karim Halayqa (16).
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF stationed at Mavi Dutan military checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Bahaa Fayez Salatna (27), from Jaba’ south of Jenin. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Beit Ummar, Dura, Hebron and Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 01 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Biddu, northwest of Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) former prisoners; Ayman Mohammed Abu Eid (46), Hashem Mohammed Hmaidan (33), Zeyad Abdul Salam Taha (32) and Sharif Khaled Khadour (28).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Balata refugee camp, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mo’ath Wael Ka’bi (26).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Qatanna town, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched former prisoner’s, Jouda Jamal Houshiya (23), house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Deir Sammit, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Ahmed Mohammed al-Haroub’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Dajan, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nidal Khalaf Haj Mohammed (50).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ras al-Amud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Montaser Majd Barbar (21) and Bakr Mohammed Owais (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Teqoa, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ma’moun Ibrahim al-‘Amour’s (16) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, arrested Mos’ab Hussam Staita (22), from the village. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Samu, Hebron, and al-Mowaraq villages in Hebron governorate; and Far’un, south of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 02 December 2020:

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into al-Wad street in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Alaa Monthir Najeeb’s (21) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Najeeb is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Maher Ali al-Ra’i (56), his brother Samer (43), and Yousef Mazen Huwaitat (35), from Kafr Saba in the village.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahil, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ayham Mahmoud Asafra’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Kafr Laqif village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mo’ayad Sameeh Assaf (28).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Omar Ali al-Mahdi (20).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kifl Haris, north of Salfit, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Osama Zeid Saleh (28).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mujahed Ashour (24), from Krum ‘Ashur, south of Nablus.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ein Beit al-Ma’ refugee camp, west of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sameh Mohammed Herzallah (26).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Barqa village, northwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Samer Yaser Daghlas (20).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Shu’afat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the house of the leader of Fatah Movement, Hamdi Saleh Thyab (46), and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Anas Bassam Tazaz’a (36).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Deir Abu Masha’al village, northwest of Ramallah. They broke the main door, raided and searched Mahmoud Safi Atta’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Shuqba village, northwest of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Ahmed Saber Hussain’s (37) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF arrested Ahmed al-Rokn (22), while present in al-Aqsa Mosque’s yards in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. He was taken to one of the police stations in the Old City.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at Mavi Dutan military checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Ahmed Abdullah Serriyah (40), from Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. He was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Johar Mountain neighborhood, in the southern area of Hebron, and deployed between civilians’ houses. They raided and searched Adnan Ahmed Salhab’s house and no arrests were reported.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Sateh Marhaba neighborhood in al-Bireh; al-Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah governorate; Beit Ula, Bani Na’im, and Samu villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 00:30 on Thursday, 26 November 2020, IOF accompanied with a Civil and Administration vehicle stormed Bayara and Khelat al-Nahlah areas, east of Ya’bad village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. The Civil and Administration officer handed 3 civilians notices to stop construction work in their houses in preamble to demolish them, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).

The affected persons were as follows:

Affected personsType of notificationFamily members
Mohammed Omer Ma’rouf Abu Baker2-storey house, the first floor was built on an area of 365 meters and the second under-construction floor was built on 400 metersUninhabited
Rafiq Nabil Imad FaresA 3-storey building and  a roof; the first floor was built on an area of 100 meters; while the second and third floors were built (250sqm) as the  fourth floor ( a roof) was built on an area of 65 sqm. The last three floors were in the final stages of construction.The first floor was inhabited with a family of 4 individuals
Ibrahim Mohammed Saleh Sha’ahAn under construction floor built on an area of 220 metersuninhabited
  • At approximately 09:00 on Sunday, 29 November 2020, Mohammed Sandouqa implemented the Israeli municipality’s decision and self-demolished his house in Wadi al-Joz neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of building without a license.

Mohammed said to PCHR that he constructed his house in 2003 on an area of 120sqm and since that time, he has lived in his house with his family of 9, mostly children. Sandouqa clarified that the Israeli municipality has pursued him for many years and imposed ILS100, 000 fine that he is still paying it until now. The municipality issued a decision to demolish the house, but Sandouqa managed to delay it several times. Sandouqa also said that he lately appealed for a freeze on the demolition decision for some time, but the Israeli municipality rejected his appeal and demanded him to demolish his house immediately, or else the municipality crews will implement it and bill him.

  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished a historic stairway which leads to the Al-Aqsa Mosque’s Lions’ Gate (Bab Al-Asbat) in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, on grounds of bringing equipment to the cemetery to carry out digging and leveling in favor of the “Biblical Garden” settlement project.

Mustafa Abu Zahra, Head of the Committee for the Preservation of Islamic Cemeteries in Jerusalem, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that the Israeli municipality demolished the lower part of the stairway leading to Yusufia Cemetery and Al-Aqsa Mosque’s Lions’ Gate (Bab al-Asbat) Road to reach the Shuhada Cemetery which is considered an extension to the northern side of Yusufia Cemetery. According to Abu Zahra, the demolition is part of the Israeli authorities’ plan to establish the “Biblical garden path” project around occupied Jerusalem’s fences. When Abu Zahra and Hamzah Hejazi, an employee at the cemetery, arrived at the place, they stopped the work in the area and prevented the municipality teams to enter the place or continue their work.

It should be noted that the idea of “Biblical garden path” project appeared in 1970, but in the recent years, it was escalated and developed. This project is concentrated in areas surrounding Al-Aqsa Mosque and Jerusalem’s historic fence and the area surrounding occupied East Jerusalem in addition to areas overlooking it, especially the southern, eastern, and northern areas. As for areas in western Jerusalem, they are considered wide area that surrounds occupied East Jerusalem along the western areas.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Monday, 30 November 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicles and a digger, stormed Halhoul’s northern area, north of Hebron. The soldiers used the digger to demolish a 100-cubic-meter water well built of reinforced cement concrete owned by Mohammed Atiya E’baidu. The demolition was under the pretext of building without license. It should be noted that Israeli authorities demolished an agricultural structure owned by Mohammed E’baidu on 23 November 2020, upon receiving Military Order No. (1797) to demolish the structure and water well.
  • On the same Monday morning, IOF demolished a house owned by Mohammed Ya’qoub Husein Da’dou’a in Um Rokbah neighborhood in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem, under the pretext of building without a license.

Mohammed Da’dou’s said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF accompanied with bulldozers stormed al-Khader village and demolished his 200sqm house. He clarified that IOF handed him last April a demolition notice and gave him 96 hours to evacuate the house. In the meantime, Da’dou’a attempted to appeal the decision with the Israel court for a freeze or a delay on the decision; however, the municipality bulldozers demolished it on Monday morning. Mohammed, who is a lecturer at Bethlehem University, lived at the house with his family comprised of 8 individuals, including 3 children.

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF demolished the concrete floors of 2 commercial barracks, east of Qalqilya, owned by Mohammed Taleb Abu Hamed and Rafiq As’ad Nazal, from Qalqilya, under the pretext of illegal construction as it is located at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya, in Area (C), which is under Israeli control according to the Oslo Accords. It should be noted that IOF issued military orders for the barracks’ owners to evacuate them 2 weeks ago.
  • At approximately 18:00 on Monday, 30 November 2020, Fawaz Abdu implemented the Israeli municipality’s decision and self-demolished his house in Jabel Mukaber, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of building without a license.

Abdu said to PCHR’s fieldworker that he built his house in 2015 on an area of 100sqm and since then, he has lived in it with his family of 6. Abdu clarified that the Israeli municipality pursued him directly after he built his house and imposed ILS 60, 00 fine on him as he is still paying it. The municipality also issued a decision to demolish the house, but Abdu managed to freeze the decision and delay it several times. Abdu added that he lately attempted to appeal for freezing the demolition decision for a while. However, the Israeli municipality rejected his appeal and ordered him to implement the demolition decision immediately, or the municipality crews will do it and forces him to pay its costs.

  • At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 01 December 2020, IOF accompanied with a Civil Administration vehicle, a bulldozer, and a digger stormed al-A’meda Street from the western entrance to the archaeological area, west of Sebastia, northwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. The soldiers used the bulldozer and the digger to demolish 3 tin-plated agricultural structures built on an area of 20sqm and a fence surrounding a 2-dunum land and water tanks and solar lighting units. They also demolished storages near the three agricultural structures owned by: Mahmoud Qasem al-Sarawi, from Sarra village, southwest of Nablus, partners Kammoun Samara and Rami al-Sourkaji, from Nablus, and Samer al-Maia, from Silat ad-Dhahr village, south of Jenin. The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • At the same time, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil and Administration vehicles, 2 mounted-crane trucks, and 2 diggers, stormed Kherbat Zif, north of Yatta, south of Hebron. The digger demolished a cave and room built of bricks on an area of 8sqm owned by Azmi Khalil Ahmed Shatat and his 6 brothers. They own a 20-dunum land implanted with trees and vegetables. The Shatat brothers used the cave as a store for fertilizers and agricultural tools. IOF also confiscated 2 caravans built of steel owned by Jamal Redwan al-Qawasmeh and Mahmoud Ayed Abu Sabaih.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli municipality demolished a part of a house owned by Ayham Mohammed al-Khatib, on Omari street in Sur Baher village, south of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing.

Ayham al-Khtib said to PCHR’s fieldworker that Israeli municipality officers suddenly raided his house and began demolishing about 45sqm of the house, including 2 rooms and a bathroom that he built last May for expansion. Al-Khatib indicated that he and his wife and 2 children, Tala (7) and Yazan (6), lived in the house. Al-Khatib received a demolition notice 4 months ago, so he demolished a part of his house and sent photos for the Israeli municipality in Jerusalem to confirm the demolition, but the Israeli municipality rejected his partial demolition of the house. Al-Khatib also said that Israeli municipality officers came to his house last Wednesday and ordered him to demolish the rest of the house within 3 days. Al-Khatib pointed out that even though he demolished the additional structure of his house 4 months ago, the Israeli municipality will force him pay the demolition costs for the rest of the house.

  • At approximately 09: on Wednesday, 02 December 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles stormed Birin village, west of Bani Na’im village, east of Herbron, and stationed in the center of the village. A Civil Administration officer ordered Ahmed Abu Turuk to stop working on his land alleging that it is state-owned. Israeli soldiers also confiscated a digger owned by Ghaleb Jawdat Abu Turki, who was working in the abovementioned land, and took it to a military camp in “Asfar” settlement that is adjacent to the village.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  •  Early Friday morning, 27 November 2020, a group of Israeli settlers on Ramallah- Nablus Street near As-Sawiya village, southeast of Nablus, attacked Ayloul Nursery owned Mohammed Ibrahim al-Khatib. The settlers destroyed the nursery contents and stole some seedlings before they ran away. It should be noted that this is the second settler-attack on the abovementioned nursery in a month.
  • At approximately 11:00, a group of Israeli settlers from “Shiloh” settlement, established on Palestinian lands northeast of Ramallah, sneaked into two farms in al-Sahel agricultural area, in Turmus Ayya village, northeast of the city. The settlers cut off 150 grape vines aged between 1 – 3 years owned by Nidal Walid Rabee’a. The settlers also sneaked into a nearby farm owned by Rajeh Abu Sukker and destroyed 3 lavatories, and cut the branches of 5 olive trees aged about 5 years and then returned to the abovementioned settlement.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Sunday morning, 29 November 2020, Israeli settlers began establishing a new settlement outpost in al-Ras and al-Mahajer area, west of Salfit.

According to PCHR’s information, settlers secured by IOF demolished about 50 dunums in the western area in Salfit, and they are still leveling a 2000-dunum land in the area to establish a new settlement outpost that connects settlements in the area: the industrial areas and the residential area of “Ariel” settlement and between Taffuh and “Ariel” settlement. IOF currently work on connecting settlement entities together from Kfar Qasim city to Za’atara area, east of Salfit.

Settlers also put up caravans and established sheep farms at the leveled areas while roads leveling and construction continues in the area.

The leveled lands in al-Ras area were built on an area of 50 dunums and owned by Mousa Nasif Theeb Eshtiyah, heirs of Ahmed Afana, heirs of Taher Mas’oud al-Taher, and heirs of Tawfiq al-Masri. It should be noted that leveling process in the abovementioned were carried out without providing any notices for farmers as Israeli bulldozers arrived at the area under the protection of armed settlers and  carried out large-scale land leveling.

  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 63 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 7 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Tuesday, 01 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints near Bir Nabala village’s Bridge, at the entrance to Qalandiya village, north of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 26 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city, and in Aqabat Hasnah area, leading to villages west of the city.
  • On Friday, 27 November 2020, IOF tightened its military measures at “Al Container” checkpoint, northeast of Bethlehem, which obstructed the traffic movement. They also established 2 checkpoints near the intersection of Kfar Etzion settlement, and near al-Nashash intersection, south of the city.
  • On Saturday, 28 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, the western entrance to Husan village, and at Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 29 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at northern entrance to Tuqu village, and at Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 30 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, at Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem, and near al-Nashash intersections, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 01 December 2020, established 3 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Tuqu village, and at the entrance to Wadi Fukin village, west of Bethlehem.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 26 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Silwad village, east of the city, and at the entrance to Ni’lin village, west of the city.
  • On Friday, 27 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Aboud village, and the entrance to Deir Abu Masha’al village, northwest of Ramallah.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 26 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 27 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to
  • On Saturday, 28 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 26 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sarra village (Qalqilya _ Nablus Main Road), southwest of Nablus.
  • On Friday, 27 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersections of “Yitzhar” settlement, southeast of Nablus, and the intersection of “Shavei Shomron” settlement, northwest of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 29 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection of Qabalan village, southeast of Nablus and the intersection of “Shavei Shomron” settlement, northwest of Nablus.
  • On Tuesday, 01 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Asira ash-Shamaliya village, northwest of Nablus.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 26 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at  Hebron’s southern entrance, Sa’ir and Beit Einun villages, and Hebron’s western entrance.
  • On Friday, 27 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Yatta, and Sa’ir village’s entrance.
  • On Saturday, 28 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to:  Beit Awwa, Idhna, and At-Tabaqa villages, and a Hebron’s southern entrance.
  • On Sunday, 29 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at Hebron’s northern entrance and the entrance to Idhna village.
  • On Monday, 30 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at Hebron’s southern entrance, the entrance to Bani Na’im, and Ash-Shuyukh villages.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 26 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint between Azzun and Izbat at-Tabib villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Saturday, 28 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to Qalqilya, Azzun, and Izbat at-Tabib villages, and near Kafr Qaddum village’s main street, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Sunday, 29 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Izbat at-Tabib village, between Azzun and Izbat at-Tabib villages, and at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Monday, 30 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Izbat at-Tabib and Azzun villages, east of Qalqilya, where Israeli soldiers checked civilians’’ ID cards.

Tulkarm:

  • On Sunday, 29 November 2020, IO established a checkpoint at the intersection to Bizzariya village affiliated with Anabta village, east of Tulkarm.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 26 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Friday, 27 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at entrance to Kafr ad-Dik village, west of Salfit.
  • On Saturday, 28 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Salfit and the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine (19- 25 November 2020)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (19- 25 November 2020)

Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

19 – 25 November 2020

  • IOF kill Palestinian on Israeli checkpoint in east Jerusalem in alleged car-ramming attack
  • 7 Palestinian civilians wounded, including a child, in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank
  • Greenhouses damaged in IOF air strikes in Khan Younis; and 2 shootings were reported eastern Gaza Strip
  • In 94 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 72 civilians arrested, including 6 children and a woman
  • IOF demolished 4 houses and 9 other dwellings and small rooms, and constructed a settlement road in the West Bank
  • Settler-attacks: settlers assaulted Palestinian civilians and properties, razed lands and uprooted trees in the West Bank
  • IOF established 60 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 13 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week witnessed an increase in home demolitions as well as demolition, cease-construction, and property seizure notices that were issued against Palestinians’ properties.  Additionally, settler-attacks were on the rise this week. IOF raided an ambulance and arrested a paramedic in a separate incident while assisting a wounded person, which fall under IOF’s continued attacks against medical crews who are protected under international law.

This week, PCHR documented 191 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

IOF killed Nour Jamal Shuqair (36) on 25 November 2020, while crossing a-Za’ayem military checkpoint, eastern east Jerusalem, for an alleged car-ramming attack. Seven other Palestinian civilians, including a child, sustained wounds in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank: 2 in IOF suppression of two separate protests in Ramallah; another was wounded at Kafr Qaddoum’s weekly protest against settlement expansion activities; a child wounded in Hebron; and 3 others sustained wounds during a protest against settlements by Tayasir/The Jordan Valley checkpoint.

In the Gaza Strip, several green houses were damaged in western Khan Younis in IOF air strikes; also, two IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands eastern Rafah and Central Gaza.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 94 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 72 Palestinians were arrested, including 6 children and a woman.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 12 incidents, including:

  • Bethlehem: agricultural room demolished, and construction materials confiscated in al-Walaja; cease-construction notice served (water well) and an excavator confiscated in al-Khader.
  • Qalqilya: demolition notice served (commercial barracks).
  • Ramallah: agricultural lands razed, and a barracks and a shop demolished.
  • Salfit: settlement road constructed, and a mobile home seized
  • Hebron: 9 small dwellings, rooms and lavatories demolished; a pipeline (1.5 km) confiscated; 1 house and foundations to another demolished.
  • Jericho: a residential caravan confiscated; a tent used for cattle uprooted, and 3 houses and several barracks were demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 8 settler-violence incidents: a house assaulted in Jenin; lands razed and two civilians assaulted in Bethlehem; an assault attempt targeted a house in Hebron; a child was kidnapped in Nablus; several civilians were assaulted in Qalqilya and Salfit; and 45 olive trees were uprooted in Salfit.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 15:00 on Thursday, 19 November 2020, IOF raided Beit Ummar village, norther Hebron, and stationed at Assyda area. A group of Palestinians gathered and threw stones at military vehicles; several soldiers shot stun and tear gas grenades at random towards civilians and houses. As a result, several Palestinians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. The soldiers blocked the central road in the village and detained several vehicles, while others mounted roof tops in the area and shot live bullets in the air. The forces withdrew at 17:00, and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Friday, 20 November 2020, and for the third consecutive week a peaceful protest took off in Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus, with the participation of the National Action Factions in Nablus, which started from the village Council heading to the lands under threat of confiscation east of the village. The protesters raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers, annexation wall and the Deal of Century.  When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. IOF suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 12:20, a peaceful protest took off in Kafr Malik town, eastern Ramallah; the protest was called by the townspeople and attended by representative of popular movements in Ramallah, towards the lands threatened of confiscation in the Bedouin community, Ras el-Tin, near Ein Samia spring, east of the town. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and slogans against the occupation, settlers and the annexation. Upon their arrival to Ein Samia, protestors found a large Israeli force who proceeded with shooting live and rubber bullets, as well as stun and tear gas grenades at the protestors. As a result, Abdullah Abu Rahma (49), General Director of Palestinian Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission, was hit with a tear gas grenade in the right shoulder and was transported to Palestine Medical Complex. Several protestors suffocated due to tear gas inhalation; soldiers chased Palestinian Red Crescent Society’s paramedics while attending to the wounded and arrested a paramedic, Mohammed Hussain Hamed (26).
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area and clashed with them, firing live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a 19-year-old Wael A. F. Amer sustained a rubber bullet wound above his right eye (eyebrow).
  • At approximately 14:00, Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyah area in central Hebron and threw stones and empty bottles at the checkpoint, known as Checkpoint 56 and established at the entrance to the closed Shuhadaa’ Street leading to Tel Rumeida area. The group threw stones at the checkpoint and Israeli soldiers fired teargas canisters from inside the checkpoint. They chased the stone-throwers on Wad al-Tofah Street and shot rubber bullets.  As a result, a 15-year-old child sustained a rubber bullet in his right leg and was taken to hospital. The clashes continued until 16:00; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on Friday, 20 November 2020, IOF stopped and assaulted three civilians from Beit Fajjar town while crossing a temporary checkpoint that was established at the town’s entrance, southern Bethlehem. As a result, all three of them sustained wounds, bruises and fractures and were transported to Beit Jala Governmental Hospital. Zakariya Athawabteh, Beit Fajjar mayor, stated that IOF established a temporary checkpoint on the town’s main entrance and assaulted Ali I. Taqatqeh (23), Ibrahim A. Daireyeh (22) and Qusai B. Al-‘Ajoury (18) with their rifles, and kicked and punched them and then left them on the road. He added that the three victims were taken to the Palestinian police station in the town and provided with first aid by PRCS crews; they were transported to the hospital due to sustaining fractures and their conditions were classified as moderate.
  • At approximately 03:15 on Sunday 22 November 2020, IOF warplanes launched 3 airstrikes at rooms, greenhouses and agricultural lands in southwest Khan Younis. As a result, 5 dunums of greenhouse sustained great damage. The targeted land is a government owned and is rented by Mohammed M. M. Al-Sha’er (47) and other farmers. Also, another land (planted with pepper crops) sustained damage.

Greenhouses in Khan Younis damaged in IOF airstrikes

  • At approximately 03:30 on Monday, 23 November 2020, IOF infantry unit moved into Kafr Ni’ma, western Ramallah. They deployed in the village and a group of Palestinians took off in protest and threw stones and empty bottles at the soldiers. Immediately, a large military force raided the area, reinforced with 10 military vehicles, and shot stun and tear gas grenades, and rubber bullets at civilians and protestors. Clashed erupted in the village and IOF raided and ransacked through several houses. The clashes continued until 05:15; an 18-year-old sustained shrapnel (stun grenade) in the foot and 4 Palestinians were arrested: Saleh A. Attaya (29); Rasem J. Shtayyeh (38); Ali T. Khwaire (43); and Mohammed O. Khwaire (20). IOF also confiscated Attaya’s vehicle (a grey Skoda).
  • At approximately 22:00 on Monday, 23 November 2020, IOF raided At-Tur neighborhood in the old city of eastern Jerusalem; soldiers deployed in the main street and checked IDs and searched vehicles. A group of Palestinians took off in protest and threw stones and firecrackers at the forces and its vehicles. Immediately, a large Israeli military force raided the neighborhood and fired rubber bullets, tear gas and stun grenades at the protesters and civilians amidst clashes. As a result, several Palestinians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and Amin Zahdeh (23) and Omar Zahdeh (21) were arrested.
  • At approximately 11:30 on Tuesday, 24 November 2020, the Palestinian Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission, Palestinian factions and popular resistance committees in Tubas called for protest in the northern Jordan valleys. The moved in buses and proceeded on foot upon arrival to Tayasir/The Jordan Valley checkpoint. They raised Palestinian flags and chanted against the occupation and settlements. IOF stationed at the checkpoint suppressed the protest; clashed erupted and resulted in the injury of 3 Palestinians: one with a tear gas grenade in the head; the other sustained a rubber bullet in the abdomen; and the third sustained a rubber bullet in his lower extremities. The wounded were transported to Tubas Turkish Hospital Aovernma in Tubas for treatment. Dozens of other Palestinians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and received treatment in the field. IOF assaulted PRCS ambulance(3 paramedics were inside: Saher A. Bsharat, Yousif Abu Bishara and volunteer, Maisam Sawafta) and attempted to kidnap one of the wounded; fortunately, the paramedics managed to stop the arrest and informed the Israeli soldier that the wounded had epilepsy.

PRCS volunteer, Maisam Sawafteh told PCHR fieldworker that, “while covering the clashed in the northern Jordan valleys, a civilian from Tayasir village sustained wounds in the abdomen; as we transported him to the ambulance, several soldiers including an officer attacked the ambulance. One of them stopped before the driver and others stepped into the vehicle and attempted to arrest the wounded civilian; the paramedic intervened and informed the soldiers that the victim had epilepsy. The soldiers let him go and allowed us to transport him to the hospital.”

  • At approximately 14:05, IOF stationed inside the border fence with Israel, east of al-Shawka village, east of Rafah governorate, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:20 on Wednesday, 25 November 2020, IOF stationed inside the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah, in Central Gaza Strip, opened fired at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:00, Israeli border guards stationed at a-Za’ayem military checkpoint, eastern east Jerusalem, opened fire at a Palestinian vehicle belonging to Nour Jamal Shuqair (36), while passing through the checkpoint. The Israeli soldiers claimed that he attempted to carry out a car-ramming attack. As a result, Shuqair was shot with several live bullets and transported to Hadassah Medical Center in West Jerusalem, where he was pronounced dead upon arrival due to his wounds.

The Israeli police spokesperson said that a young man, with a Jerusalemite ID card, attempted a car-ramming attack at a-Za’ayem military checkpoint, and border guards shot at him. After the incident, the Israeli media published, according to sources at the Israeli police, that the victim had stopped his car and handed his ID to the soldiers at the checkpoint; but they doubted his papers were forged and claimed that he became anxious; he tried to flee with his car and hit a soldier (minor injury). Soldiers opened heavy fire (live bullets) at him, he sustained several wounds and one landed in his abdomen, which required his transportation to Hadassah Medical Center. An hour later, he was announced dead after succumbing to his wounds.

It should be noted that the victim, Nour Jamal Shuqair, was from Wadi Rababa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and he was working in Freight transport, and he was returning home from al-Eizariya.

Several surveillances cameras showed that Shuqair’s vehicle was several meters away from the checkpoint – after crossing into Jerusalem and showed that several live bullets penetrated the vehicle.

After the incident, IOF arrested Nour’s father, Jamal Shuqair, and his brothers, Anwar and Yehya, and released them after interrogating all of them.

  1. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 19 November 2020:

  • At midnight, IOF stationed at al-Hamra military checkpoint in the Central Valleys, northeast of Nablus governorate, arrested Yousef Jamal Sawafta (22), from Tubas. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate, and stationed in Raqqa area. They raided and searched Mohammed Salem al-Haroush’s (39) house; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ashraf Mousa al-Salayma’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Sameh al-Da’as’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF arrested Jom’a Nahed al-Jojo (37), a soldier at the Palestinian National Security Forces, from Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem, while passing through a temporary military checkpoint near “Kfar Etzion” settlement, south of the city. IOF took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that al-Jojo was a former prisoner who spent almost 13 years in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF raided Ra’ed Jehad Abu Rmeila’s (42) house in the southern area of the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched the house and no arrests were reported.

Ra’ed Abu Rmeila said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

“At approximately 21:00, I heard knocks on my door, so I headed to open it. As soon as I did, a group of Israeli soldiers stormed the house and detained me, along with my wife and children in one room and started searching the house for 10 minutes, then left. At approximately 22:00, the Israeli soldiers returned to my house, detained us all in the same room and started searching the house all over again. One of the soldiers attempted to confiscate the surveillances cameras’ recording device, but I intervened and quarreled with them, then they withdrew”.

  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Ramallah and Beitunia, west of Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 20 November 2020:

  • At approximately 17:20, IOF stationed at Beit Furik military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus governorate, arrested (3) civilians from Kafr Qallil, southeast of Nablus, and took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees are: Ahmed Mahdi Abu al-So’oud (18), Khaled Jamal Abu al-So’oud (19), and Samer Osama Dwaikat (19).
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Wael Da’ajna (19), while present near the Islamic Tomb in Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF stormed one of the stores near Qalandiya military checkpoint, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They searched the store and arrested Isma’el Abu Zeidiya (15) and Khaled Sleim (16), both from Qalandiya refugee camp. They were taken to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Ezbit Suliman village, southeast of Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 21 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, an Israeli special unit moved into Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Khaled Bassam al-Hamshari (26).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Hatem Mahmoud Makhamera’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:30, an Israeli special force moved into Kafr Qaddum, north of Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Wael Abdullah Fathi Amer (19), who was injured with a rubber bullet in his face yesterday during IOF attacks on Kafr Qaddum demonstration, and Qais Abdul Rahman Ali (21).
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, arrested Mohammed Salah Alian (30), from al-Far’a refugee camp, south of Tubas. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 12:15, IOF moved into al-Jabriyat neighborhood, south of Jenin. They surrounded, raided and searched Ibrahim Jamil al-Sa’di’s (34) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yazan Bassam Obaid’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested Yazan Emran Obaid (18), from al-Issawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem, while present in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Marwan Obaid (20), from al-Issawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem, while present in the al-Aqsa Mosque’s yards in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to a detention center.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Jit village, north of Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Islam Ahmed al-Sidda (26), a soldier at the General Intelligence Services.
  • In the evening hours, IOF stationed at Huwara military checkpoint, on the eastern entrance of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested Khalil Abdullah Abu Dawoud (22), from Nablus. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out an incursion into Jit village northeast of Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 22 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF, reinforced by several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahil, north of Hebron. They raided and searched 3 houses and arrested 3 civilians: Isma’el Mahmoud ‘Aqeil (41), Sabri Mohammed al-Zohour (44), and Abdul Hadi Badawi al-Zohour (39).
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Jit village, northeast of Qalqilya, and stormed Jit High School and searched several classrooms claiming that a group of the students from the adjacent elementary school threw stones at a settler and flee to the high school.

Basel Shawahneh, Principle of Jit High School, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

“During the fifth period, I was surprised to see a settler trying to ram into the school with his car, I attempted to prevent him, but he told me that a group of children threw stones at him and he wanted to catch them. I attempted to convince him that they are only children at play, and they were playing and throwing small stones at each other and that he was not targeted by them, as both the element and secondary schools where located near “Kedumim” settlement and no Palestinian houses or civilians were in the area. He eventually left. A little while later, the Kedumim settlement’s security guards came along with an Israeli military force and stormed the school and entered the classrooms in the ground floor. I immediately ordered all the teachers on the top floors to close the classrooms. Nonetheless, the force attempted to go upstairs and arrest the students, but I prevented them and told them that I just want peace and I will not let the students throw stones or provoke problems in this area. I told them that I informed the liaison and the Ministry of Education; an officer responded that he is in charge of assessing the situation in the field. I tried my best to stop them from going to the classes on the top floors; and the officer told me that they would only withdraw if I pledge not to let this incident happen again. I did, and they withdrew a while later.  The teaching staff and the students were terrified during the raid, as our school is located in a highly tense area near the settlement. We are not allowed to raise any flags within the school and are under constant threats; nonetheless, the school is a symbol of Palestinians’ resilience and persistence in the area.”

  • At approximately 13:30, IOF arrested Sheikh Najeh Dawoud Bakirat (64), the Deputy General Director of Jerusalem Endowments, while leaving his office near Bab al-Silsila (one of the al-Aqsa Mosque’s Gates) in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to one of the detention centers in the city.

It should be noted that Bakirat was arrested several times, the latest of which was earlier this month, as he was released with a 6-month ban on entering al-Aqsa Mosque.

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Sa’ed Ibrahim al-Badawi’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Awwa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Mohammed Abdul Hamid Masalma’s (33) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Bab Hutta neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Ahmed Abdullah Abu Ghazala’s (51) house, a former prisoner, and arrested him along with his wife. They were later released.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Rawhi Ahmed al-Jayyar’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF arrested Abdul Rahman al-Bashiti (16), while present near his house in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and took him to one of the detention centers in the city. It should be noted that al-Bashiti has diabetes and he was arrested more than 9 times along with his two brothers; Hatem (17) and Hisham (19). Mohammed al-Bashiti’s house is subject to daily harassments from IOF, as it is frequently raided for the purpose of terrorizing, arresting or summonsing its occupants.

Monday, 23 November 2020:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ibrahim Mohammed Abu Ayyash’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:35, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Ja’far Hidada (20), Omar Mansour (18), and Hisham ‘Awawida (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Sa’ir, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Ibrahim Jaradat’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Biddya, west of Salfit. They patrolled, raided and searched several houses; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Murad Najeeb (20), from the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, while heading to his work via a temporary military checkpoint established near Road (1). IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to ‘Atta Mohammed Derbas (22) and Isma’el Ra’ed Naser (21) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Tha’er Salman Abu Sbaih’s (26) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services at al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem. It should be noted that Sbaih was formerly imprisoned by Israel.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF arrested Jehad Naser Qaws (26), while present near Bab al-Sahera “Herod’s Gate”, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s gates. IOF took him to al-Bareed police station in Salah al-Dein street in central Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 16:30, IOF stationed at the entrance of Beit Awwa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate, and arrested Ayoub Mohammed al-Masalma (19) after stopping him and claiming that he was found in possession of a knife. It should be noted that Ayoub is a person with disability, and he was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF stationed Mavi Dutan military checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Ali Mohanad Marzouq (23), from Jenin, north of the West Bank. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed at the southern entrance of the Ibrahimi Mosque in the center of Hebron’s Old City, arrested Hani Waleed Qfaisha (17), claiming that he was found in possession of a knife. He was taken to a police station in “Kiryat Arba” settlement.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on a road leading to Jericho, north of the West Bank. IOF arrested Tareq Ziyad al-Jallad (38), from Jenin, north of the West Bank. IOF took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that Tareq is the companion of the director of the Preventive Security Service in Jenin, Mohannad Marzouq.

Tuesday, 24 November 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Thahiriya, south of Hebron, and stationed in the center of the village. They raided and searched a blacksmith shop belonging to Ibrahim Isma’el Abu Allan (48), using special equipment to open the doors; IOF confiscated all the contents and damaged all equipment. Abu Allan’s losses are estimated at (300,000 NIS). Meanwhile, another group of soldiers was raiding and searching Abu Allan’s house, located next to the shop. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Furiq village, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Naseem Mousa Henani (33).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Awarta village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mo’in Faisal Awwad (25). Meanwhile, IOF raided and searched Majdi Jalal Qawariq’s (27) house, and clashed with the Qawariqs, and assaulted them with their riffles. As a result, Mohammed Jalal Qawariq (19) was injured before he was arrested along with his brother, Majdi. IOF took them to Huwara military camp, east of Nablus. Mohammed was released after an hour and half, and he was taken to Rafidia Governmental Hospital in Nablus where he was diagnosed with skull fracture and deep wound in the head that took five stitches.

Mohammed Jalal Qawariq (19) said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

“While I was sleeping in our house in Awarta village, southeast of Nablus, I heard a quarrel between my brothers Hamdi (25) and Izz al-Dein (17), and Israeli soldiers who were looking for Majdi. When I intervened, they started beating all of us with their riffles’ butts so they hit me to my head and face until the blood covered my whole face, then they handcuffed and blindfolded me and put me in one of their vehicles and took me to Huwara military camp. I was untied in  military the camp and taken to an investigation room for interrogation about the incident. While I was being interrogated, they brought my brother, Majdi, so I had the chance to see and talk to him before they took him to another room. An hour and a half later, they ordered me to wash my face and then transferred me with their vehicles to the entrance of the village and kept Majdi under arrest. As soon as I arrived to my house, my family took me to Rafidia Governmental Hospital in Nablus where I was diagnosed with skull fracture and deep wounds in the head that took five stitches, and they kept me under 24 hours observation, before they allowed me to check out the next day”.

  • At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into Ramallah and deployed around al-Manara square in the city center, and another Israeli force stationed in Qaddura refugee camp near the city. They raided and searched three houses and arrested (3) civilians; Majd Sameer al-Khawaja (29), Ahmed Wael Afana (26), and Ashraf Saleem al-Roum (28).
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF stationed at Mavi Dutan military checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Mohammed Amer Jaradat (26), from Tayasir village, west of Jenin. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Karma village, east of Dura. They raided and searched Eisa Hussain Abu Sheikha’s (50) house and arrested his son, Hussain (21).
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Amjad Obaid’s house and arrested his sons, Abdullah (14) and Mohammed (21). IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 20:35, IOF moved into Bruqin, west of Salfit. They patrolled, raided and searched several houses then withdrew. No arrests were reported.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Birzeit, al-Mughayyir and al-Jalazone refugee camp, in Ramallah governorate; Dura and Hebron in Hebron governorate; Izbat Jal’ud village, southeast of Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 25 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Awwa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched four houses and arrested (4) civilians; Nidal Yaser Masalma (40), Sajed Isma’el Masalma (35), Sameeh Abdul Qader Masalma (39), and Yousef Hasan Masalma (44).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with two military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Anas Mahmoud Abu Shousha’s (16) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Ein al-Ma’ refugee camp, west of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Hasan Khaled Mabrouk (23).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Amro Jehad Abu Zarifa (21), from his house in Abu Zarifa building.
  • Around the same time, IOF move into Kobar village, north of Ramallah governorate, and stationed at Al-Buwayda area in the eastern part of the village. They raided and searched Mohammed Mahmoud Zibar’s (51) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with two military vehicles moved into Hebron and stationed in al-Sheikh neighborhood. They raided and searched Kamal Mohammed al-‘Ajlouni’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Shadi Khwais’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in al-Samu, Rabud, al-Shuyukh villages in Hebron governorate; Beitunia, west of Ramallah governorate; and Sebastya in Nablus governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 13:00 on Thursday, 19 November 2020, Israeli authorities handed a civilian a demolition notice for an agricultural room in al-Walaja village, west of Bethlehem. Activist Ibrahim Awadallah said to PCHR’s fieldworker that an Israeli force stormed Orouq Znaid area, south of al-Walaja village. They handed Ahmed Mohammed Awaddlah a demolition notice for an agricultural room built on an area of 20sqm due to the lack of obtaining a construction license. IOF lately notified Taha Awaallah, Ahmed’s brother, to demolish his agricultural structures. Israeli authorities have increased their demolitions and demolition orders for several facilities in various areas in the village.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF stormed Qalqilya. They handed Fares Rafiq Nazzal a demolition notice for his commercial barrack, which is built on an area of (360sqm), east of Qalqilya. Nazzal said to PCHR that demolishing the barrack will cost him a loss of NIS 200,000.
  • At approximately 15:00 on Friday, 20 November 2020, IOF seized construction materials in al-Walaja village, northwest of Bethlehem. Activist Ibrahim Awadallah said to PCHR’s fieldworker that and Israeli force stormed the village and seized construction materials ( bricks, cement, steal, and stones) that were allocated for construction of a third floor at the village medical clinic. Awadallah added that IOF handed the medical clinic of stop-work orders 3 times under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • On Sunday morning, 22 November 2020, Israeli authorities handed a civilian a cease-construction notice in a water well in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem and confiscated an excavator under the pretext of non-licensing. Ahmed Salah, Head of al-Khader Village’s Municipality, said that IOF handed Ahmed Rezeq Issa a stop-work order in a water well in Wadi al-Bayyar area, adjacent to “Efrat” settlement established on lands, south of Bethlehem. Salah added that IOF also confiscated an excavator owned by Issa and handed him a paper to refer to a military court on 30 November 2020. It should be noted that Israeli authorities plan to annex al-Khader village lands to expand their settlements as in the recent year, several structures were demolished for the lack of licensing and dozens demolition notices were served to property owners. Furthermore, the settlement bypass road that crosses the village  is a real nightmare for its residents, who fear that their children might be attacked by Israeli settlers, especially with the recurrent run-over attacks on the main street.
  • At approximately 11:00, on Monday23 November 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with a Civil Administration vehicle and a bulldozer stormed al-Jomjomah area, north of Halhoul, north of Hebron. The bulldozer demolished Mohammed Atiya Ebeido’s under construction home (a 120-square-meter concrete floor and pillars). Ebeido is from Hebron; and he had been served a military demolition order (1779) on 15 November 2020.
  • At approximately 08:30 on Tuesday, 24 November 2020, an Israeli force backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with a Civil Administration vehicle and a bulldozer stormed Ras al-Zaytoun area, south of Ras Karkar village, northwest of Ramallah. The bulldozer leveled an agricultural land owned by No’man Abdul Fattah Nofal, as they claimed plans to construct a sewage line from “Talmon” community settlement established on the Ras Karkar lands. On 09 September 2020, IOF uprooted 22 olive trees owned by Nofal as employees from private Israeli companies established a barbed wire fence surrounding Nofal’s 44-dunum land and banned his access to it; the move was motivated by a plan to construct a dirt road to connect “Talmon” settlement complex.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stormed Khelat Eliyan area in Biddya village, west of Salfit. They completely closed the area, started paving a new road connecting Khelat Hassan and Khelat Eliyan areas, and seized a mobile house (caravan) used as a store for agricultural materials owned by Mo’en Mohammed Hassan, from Biddya village. It should be noted that the abovementioned area is threatened to be confiscated as it was previously surveyed by IOF.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Wednesday, 25 November 2020, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles and accompanied with 2 Civil Administration vehicles, a bulldozer, and a digger stormed Masafer area in Yatta, south of Hebron. The bulldozers demolished 9 small structures, including rooms and lavatories under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). the demolition process was as follows:
Affected PersonAreaFacilityDescriptionAreaFamily membersChildrenType of notification
Rasmi Yusuf Mohammed YusufKherbat al-RakizresidenceTin plates and bricks50sqm86Military Order No.1797
Hatem Mahmoud MakhamrahKherbat al-RakizAgricultural roomTin plates and bricks30sqmMilitary Order No.1797
Jamil Mahmoud al-AmourKherbat SarourahAgricultural roombricks2sqm53Military Order No. 1797
Fayez Ibrahim MakhamrahMaghayer al-AbeedresidenceTin plates and bricks40sqmMilitary Order 1797
Fayez Ibrahim MakhamrahMaghayer al-Abeedbathroomsbricks2sqmConstruction of demolished structure
Jaber Ali Mohammed DababsahKhelat al-Dabe’aresidencebricks70sqm86Construction of demolished structure
Jaber Ali Mohammed DababsahKhelat al-Dabe’abathroombricks2sqm86Construction of demolished structure
Amer Ali Mohammed DababsahKhelat al-Dabe’aresidenceTin plates and bricks70sqm53Construction of demolished structure
Amer Ali Mohammed DababsahKhelat al-Dabe’aresidenceTin plates and bricks20sqm53Construction of demolished structure
  • Israeli authorities confiscated a 1.5-kilomter pipeline that connects water between Kherbat Safi and Kherbat al-Majaz. Residents of Kherbat Safi, about 100 individuals who depend on this pipeline to supply them with water. IOF also damaged a 20mplastic water tank in Kherbat Jabna and destroyed a 150m irrigation network. IOF further removed barbed fences surrounding a land (1 dunum) and uprooted 5 olive trees that were implanted 5 years ago owned by Mohammed Issa Rab’ie.
  • At approximately 09:00, an Israeli force backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with a Civil Administration vehicle and a truck-mounted crane in addition to a digger stormed Tal al-Samad area, in Jiftlik village, north of Jericho. IOF were also accompanied by employees from private Israeli companies, who dismantled and confiscated a residential caravan built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 40sqm and inhabited by 4 individuals. They also uprooted and confiscated a tent used for grazing sheep owned by Hasan Salem Ka’abneh. IOF claimed that the demolition was for illegal construction in an archaeological area.

It should be noted that IOF demolished Ka’abnah’s tin-plated barracks on 21 October 2020.

  • At approximately 07:30 on Wednesday, 25 November 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with a Civil and Administration vehicle, a bulldozer and a truck, stormed the eastern area of Al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya village, northwest of Ramallah. The bulldozer demolished a barrack built of bricks and steel on an area of 30sqm used for grazing sheep, in addition to an under-construction commercial shop built on an area of 60sqm owned by Omar Ra’ed Abu Salem. IOF claimed the demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with a Civil and Administration vehicle, a truck-mounted crane, and 2 bulldozers, stormed Fasayil village in Jordan’s northern valleys, north of Jericho. They demolished 3 houses and a group of barracks built of steel and bricks used for grazing sheep. These barracks also include 2 health facilities, 4 water tanks, a cement oven, and a steel fence. IOF claimed the demolition was for illegal construction.
OwnerType of Facility
Ahmed Mosalam Suleiman Sawarkah2 structures built of bricks on an area of 150sqm and inhabited with 16 individuals, including 2 wives and 11 children.A group of adjacent barracks built of steel and bricks on an area of 700sqm, and 300sqm barns (steel-fenced) used for grazing sheep.2 health facilities, 4 water tanks, and a cement oven 
Tayseer Ahmed Mosalm SawarkahResidential structure built of bricks on an area of 150sqm and inhabited with 4 individuals, including 2 children
Ibrahim Salama Khalil ObaiyatA barrack built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 100sqm as it was divided to two sections; the first was used for grazing sheep and the second was used for storing animal feed.
Dawoud Salama Khalil ObaiyatA barrack built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 100sqm as it was divided for two sections; the first was used for grazing sheep and the second was used for storing animal food.It should be noted that Ibrahim Obaiyat and his brother Salama have 2 daughters with disabilities
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with a Civil and Administration vehicle, a bulldozer, and a digger, stormed Khelat al-Natsh near Jawhar Mount neighborhood in the southern area in Hebron. They demolished a 2-stoey house owned by Sa’ad Zakaria Mustafa Edris. The first floor was built on 100 sqm and the second floor, which was not roofed, was built on an area of 120sqm. IOF claimed the demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). it should be noted that Edris was preparing the first floor in his house so he and his family comprised of 7 individuals, including 5 children would live in it.

Early this month, Edris received a Military Order No. 1779 to demolish his house. Israeli authorities use this military order on any construction that is not completed within 6 months. This type of military orders gives civilians 4 days for of the delivery date, which constitutes an obstacle in submitting the required documents for the competent authorities in Israeli courts.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 16:20 on Thursday, 19 November 2020, settlers from the group of “Paying the Price” moved from “Homesh” settlement, south of Jenin  (a settlement that was evacuated in 2005, but settlers dailthrew stones at a house owned by Rami Ayed Elwan Abu Osbah with stones, smashing the windows glass in addition to his vehicle’s windshield. Following that, the village residents gathered and confronted settlers with stones and forced them to leave the area.
  • On Friday morning, 20 November 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from “Nahal” settlement established on lands of Kisan village, which is about 20 kilometers away to the east of Bethlehem, leveled lands for a number of civilians from Ghazal family that are adjacent to the settlement in a preamble to annex it to the settlement.

Ahmed Ghazal, Head of Kisan Village’s Council, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that the leveling process was carried out under IOF strict security as those settlers uprooted dozens of trees, changing the landmarks. Ghazal stresses that Israeli authorities recently escalated leveling and demolition processes in Kisan village, indicating an Israeli plan in favor of “Ma’ale Amos” and “Nahal” settlements established on the village lands. Accordingly, there will a new settlement plan aim at displacing the village residents amounted of 800 individuals.

  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 21 November 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from “Havat Ma’on” settlement outpost raided a house in Kherbat al-Rakiz, which is adjacent to the abovementioned settlement that was established on confiscated lands from the area. Settlers attempted to raid a house owned by Hatem Mahmoud Makhamrah (36) and verbally insulted the house residents. In the meantime, a number of residents from Kherbat al-Tuwana nearby arrived at the area, which forced settlers leave the area under IOF’s security.
  • On Sunday morning, 22 November 2020, Israeli settlers attacked Sa’ad Salah and his son Mohanad in Shushahla village, south of al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. This attack was within a series of settlers’ attacks against Salah and his son to force them leave the village, which is almost evacuated in order to confiscate it. Mohanad Sa’ad Salah (39) said to PCHR’s fieldworker that he and his father were grazing sheep in the village lands when armed settlers from Elazar settlement established on the village lands attacked them, threw stones at them, and attempted to force them leave their land at gunpoint. However, Mohanad and his father confronted them.

Salah emphasized that he is constantly attacked by IOF and settlers to force his family, who is the sole one living in the village, to leave his land so that the confiscate it. It should be noted that Muhanned’s family comprised of 4 individuals ( his father, wife, and daughter Sedara 25) is the only family that still lives in Shushahla village that is surrounded with settlements from its all sides. Due to settlers attacks and depriving them of basic services, the village residents amounted about 200 persons had to leave their village in the 1970s and live in al-Khader village. Israeli authorities also prevent the village residents from returning and preparing their old houses or expand them and deprive them from power and other services. Walking is the only way to reach the village that is located above a mount on the road linking between Hebron and Jerusalem. Nothing left of village that have been established for more than 150 years, but few houses built of tin plates. Salah and his son insist on living in his house despite of the difficult circumstances and lack of basic life services. This small family that was deported from the village decades ago in light of IOF threats chose to return at the beginning of 1999s and refused to leave it, despite of the primitive life they live.  It should be noted that Salah family was severely attacked by settlers who in 2014, ran-over Slaha’s daughter Sedra ( who was 9 years back then). In 2016, settlers also burned the family’s house and wrote racist slogans on its walls.

  • At approximately 15:30 on Sunday, 22 November 2020, an Israeli settler named “Kubi” kidnapped Nour Eden Riyad Mash’ati (14), from Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus, north of the West bank, while he was present at the southern side of the village. Nour Eden was one kilometer away from the set-in tent established in the eastern side of the village to protect lands threatened of confiscation. The settler took the child to the new settlement outpost established in the east of the abovementioned village. In the meantime, village residents and the Palestinian Military Liaison intervened to free the child. The settler handed the child to IOF that were resent in the area. Two hours later, IOF released the child.
  • At approximately 11:30 on Monday, 23 November 2020, a group of Israeli settlers, from Yitzhar Street linking between Nablus and Qalqilya, attacked Tareq Ma’zouz Mohammed Hantash (19), from Baqat al-Hatab village, east of Qalqilya, while he was heading from Tulkarm to Jamma’in village as he works as salesman. The windshield of Hantsh’s vehicle was smashed and the front doors were damaged as settlers attempted to reach him, but he managed to drive away from the area.

Tareq said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

“At approximately 11:30, I was driving my vehicle on “Yitzhar Street and heading to work in the morning. There was a long vehicles’’ line on the street due to an accident. I saw my colleague, who is also a salesman, as he was skipping the vehicles line. I called him to inform him that I was on the same street behind the vehicles line, so he told me to flee from the area for Israelis settlers are throwing stones at vehicles. Accordingly, I attempted to turn back, but was surprised by another settlers’ bus surrounding me. Settlers stepped out of the bus and attempted to open the vehicle’s doors, but I locked them, so they threw big stones at the vehicle breaking all the windshield in an attempt to reach and attack me. I finally managed to flee from the area and returned to my place in the line. Fixing the vehicle’s windshield cost me about NIS 550, but I did not fix the doors yet.” 

  • At approximately 18:10 on Tuesday, 24 November 2020, a settler attacked Wa’el Ref’at Mashhour Sultan (43), from Hares village, north of Salfit, by pepper-spraying at his face when both vehicles stopped next to each other at the stop sign at Jinsafut village’s square, east of Qalqilya. As a result, Wa’el’s left eye was harmed and he was transferred to Darwish Nazal Hospital for medical treatment.

Wa’el Said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

“I was heading to Al-Funduq village, east of Qalqilya, and stopped at the stop sign at Jinsafut village’s square, a black vehicle stopped next to mines as a I heard a sound, so I looked at the vehicle. There was a religious settler with braids and wearing a hat in addition to 2 settlers. He started insulting me in Jewish language. I asked him if he was a policeman and he replied: “I will show you who I am. The settler took out something like a weapon and began spraying something on me. I looked at my hands and eye and saw blood. I was frightened and said to the young man who was next to me that I am dying. Later, the young men told me not to be afraid because this was gas. An Israeli force arrived at the area and questioned us. I told them that:” the place is full of cameras and you can watch everything happened to me.” I was taken to Darwish Nazal Hospital in Qalqilya for medical treatment.”

  • At approximately 09:00 on Wednesday, 15 November 2020, Israeli settlers from “Brukhin” settlement established at lands of Bruqin and Kafr ad-Dik villages, moved into al-Wadat area, north of Bruqin village, west of Salfit. The settlers uprooted 45 olive trees owned by Yusuf Sabrah. Yusuf said to PCHR’s fieldworker that this is the third time Israeli settlers attack his 8-dunum land.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 60 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested13 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Friday evening, 20 November 2020, IOF closed Qalandiya checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem in front of the traffic movement and reopened it later. At approximately 22:00 on Friday, 21 November 2020, IOF closed Qalandiya checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem, and Jaba’a checkpoint, northeast of the city, and reopened it later.
  • On Sunday, 22 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 19 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 20 November 2020, IOF established 5checkpoints the northern and western entrances to Tuqu, Jannata ,Husan, and Nahalin villages, and near the intersection of Kfar Etzion South of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 21 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 122 November 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Jala, Jannata, Za’atara and Wadi Fukin villages, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 23 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the eastern entrance to Maah Rabah village, western entrance to Tuqu village, and the western entrance to Beit Fajajr village, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 24 November 2020, established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Jala, the northern entrance to Tuqu village, between Nahalin and Husan villages and near Aqabat Hasnah area, west of the city.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 19 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to  Ein Qiniya village, northwest of the city.
  • On Saturday, 21 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Turmus Ayya village, east of the city.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 19 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 20 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to
  • On Sunday, 22 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.

Nablus:

  • On Sunday, 22 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to “Yitzhar” settlement, southeast of Nablus and the intersection of “Shavei Shomron” settlement, west of Nablus.
  • On Tuesday, 24 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sebastia village, west of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Tuesday, 24 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the western entrance to Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 19 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Awwa village, the road of Abu Risha, west of Idhna village, northern entrance to Yatta and Hebron’s western entrance.
  • On Friday, 20 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Kharsa, Beit Awwa, and Beit Ummar villages, Halhoul’s southern entrance.
  • On Saturday, 21 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to: Hebron’s southern entrance (al-Fahs) and the entrance to Idhna village.
  • On Sunday, 22 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at Halhoul’s northern entrance, and Yatta’s entrance.
  • On Monday, 23 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Bani Na’im and Beit Ummar villages.
  • On Tuesday, 24 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at Hebron’s southern entrance, Sa’ir and Beit Einun villages, and Hebron’s western entrance.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 19 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the Azzun village’s bridge, and the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Friday, 20 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to to Azzun village’s bridge, the eastern entrance to Qalqilya, and at the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Monday, 23 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection to Jinsafut village, east of Qalqilya.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 19 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Salfit’s northern entrance, the entrance to Deir Ballut village, and west of Salfit.
  • On Monday, 23 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the western entrance to Hares village, northern entrance to Salfit, the entrance to Kifl Haris village, the northern entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.

‘Long Live the (Dead) Peace Process’: Abbas Prioritizes US Ties over Palestinian National Unity

December 9, 2020

President-elect Joe Biden with Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas. (Photo: File)

By Ramzy Baroud

No one seemed as excited about the election of Joe Biden being the next President of the United States as Palestinian Authority President, Mahmoud Abbas. When all hope seemed lost, where Abbas found himself desperate for political validation and funds, Biden arrived like a conquering knight on a white horse and swept the Palestinian leader away to safety.

Abbas was one of the first world leaders to congratulate the Democratic President-elect on his victory. While Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, delayed his congratulatory statement in the hope that Donald Trump would eventually be able to reverse the results, Abbas suffered no such illusions. Considering the humiliation that the Palestinian Authority experienced at the hands of the Trump Administration, Abbas had nothing to lose. For him, Biden, despite his long love affair with Israel, still represented a ray of hope.

But can the wheel of history be turned back? Despite the fact that the Biden Administration has made it clear that it will not be reversing any of the pro-Israel steps taken by the departing Trump Administration, Abbas remains confident that, at least, the ‘peace process’ can be restored.

This may seem to be an impossible dichotomy, for how can a ‘peace process’ deliver peace if all the components of a just peace have already been eradicated?

It is obvious that there can be no real peace if the US government insists on recognizing all of Jerusalem as Israel’s ‘eternal’ capital. There can be no peace if the US continues to fund illegal Jewish settlements, bankroll Israeli apartheid, deny the rights of Palestinian refugees, turn a blind eye to de facto annexation underway in Occupied Palestine and recognize the illegally-occupied Syrian Golan Heights as part of Israel, all of which is likely to remain the same, even under the Biden Administration.

The ‘peace process’ is unlikely to deliver any kind of a just, sustainable peace in the future, when it has already failed to do so in the past 30 years.

Yet, despite the ample lessons of the past, Abbas has decided, again, to gamble with the fate of his people and jeopardize their struggle for freedom and a just peace. Not only is Abbas building a campaign involving Arab countries, namely Jordan and Egypt, to revive the ‘peace process’, he is also walking back on all his promises and decisions to cancel the Oslo Accords, and end ‘security coordination’ with Israel. By doing so, Abbas has betrayed national unity talks between his party, Fatah, and Hamas.

Unity talks between rival Palestinian groups seemed to take a serious turn last July, when Palestine’s main political parties issued a joint statement declaring their intent to defeat Trump’s ‘Deal of the Century’. The language used in that statement was reminiscent of the revolutionary discourse used by these groups during the First and Second Intifadas (uprisings), itself a message that Fatah was finally re-orienting itself around national priorities and away from the ‘moderate’ political discourse wrought by the US-sponsored ‘peace process’.

Even those who grew tired and cynical about the shenanigans of Abbas and Palestinian groups wondered if this time would be different; that Palestinians would finally agree on a set of principles through which they could express and channel their struggle for freedom.

Oddly, Trump’s four-year term in the White House was the best thing that happened to the Palestinian national struggle. His administration was a jarring and indisputable reminder that the US is not – and has never been – ‘an honest peace broker’ and that Palestinians cannot steer their political agenda to satisfy US-Israeli demands in order for them to obtain political validation and financial support.

By cutting off US funding of the Palestinian Authority in August 2018, followed by the shutting down of the Palestinian mission in Washington DC, Trump has liberated Palestinians from the throes of an impossible political equation. Without the proverbial American carrot, the Palestinian leadership has had the rare opportunity to rearrange the Palestinian home for the benefit of the Palestinian people.

Alas, those efforts were short-lived. After multiple meetings and video conferences between Fatah, Hamas and other delegations representing Palestinian groups, Abbas declared, on November 17, the resumption of ‘security coordination’ between his Authority and Israel. This was followed by the Israeli announcement on December 2 to release over a billion dollars of Palestinian funds that were unlawfully held by Israel as a form of political pressure.

This takes Palestinian unity back to square one. At this point, Abbas finds unity talks with his Palestinian rivals quite useless. Since Fatah dominates the Palestinian Authority, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and the Palestine National Council (PNC), conceding any ground or sharing leadership with other Palestinian factions seems self-defeating. Now that Abbas is reassured that the Biden Administration will bequeath him, once again, with the title of ‘peace partner’, a US ally and a moderate, the Palestinian leader no longer finds it necessary to seek approval from the Palestinians. Since there can be no middle ground between catering to a US-Israeli agenda and elevating a Palestinian national agenda, the Palestinian leader opted for the former and, without hesitation, ditched the latter.

While it is true that Biden will neither satisfy any of the Palestinian people’s demands or reverse any of his predecessor’s missteps, Abbas can still benefit from what he sees as a seismic shift in US foreign policy – not in favor of the Palestinian cause but of Abbas personally, an unelected leader whose biggest accomplishment has been sustaining the US-imposed status quo and keeping the Palestinian people pacified for as long as possible.

Although the ‘peace process’ has been declared ‘dead’ on multiple occasions, Abbas is now desperately trying to revive it, not because he – or any rational Palestinian – believes that peace is at hand, but because of the existential relationship between the PA and this US-sponsored political scheme. While most Palestinians gained nothing from all of this, a few Palestinians accumulated massive wealth, power and prestige. For this clique, that alone is a cause worth fighting for.

– Ramzy Baroud is a journalist and the Editor of The Palestine Chronicle. He is the author of five books. His latest is “These Chains Will Be Broken: Palestinian Stories of Struggle and Defiance in Israeli Prisons” (Clarity Press). Dr. Baroud is a Non-resident Senior Research Fellow at the Center for Islam and Global Affairs (CIGA) and also at the Afro-Middle East Center (AMEC). His website is www.ramzybaroud.net

From Myth to Reality: Zionist Archaeologists Are Using the Bible to Rewrite History

By Miko Peled

Source

of Jarndyce Booksellers. Jarndyce specializes in first editions, rare books, and wonderful collectors’ editions of the complete works of Shakespeare, Dickens, and countless others. Also displayed in the store are enormous antique illustrated copies of the Bible. These mammoth books are beautifully adorned with illustrations that bring Biblical characters and stories to life.

I remember sitting as a child, leafing through an old, illustrated copy of a Bible that was part of my father’s book collection. It too had wonderful illustrations, and I would sit there and look at the pictures of the great men and women, and experience the great moments that are described in the Bible. The angel who stopped Abraham as he was about to sacrifice his son; Moses coming down from Mount Sinai; the young David slaying the giant Goliath, and so many more. They all came alive in front of my very eyes and it was as clear to me as a child as it is today and to so many others, that those stories describe real historic events.

These lovely renditions were intended to create the impression that the Bible tells stories that are historically true. They lead readers and even those who do not read but hear the stories and look at the illustrations, to believe that these were real people and real events that took place.

US Ambassador to Israel David Friedman speaks at the opening of an “ancient road” that cuts into the Palestinian neighborhood of Silwan. Tsafrir Abayov | AP

It is easy enough to point to an ancient city in Palestine, say Bethlehem or Jerusalem or some corner of the desert near Bi’r Saba, and claim that a particular Biblical event took place there. This literal reading of the Bible, and particularly of the Old Testament, has given and continues to give Zionism enormous impetus.

Zionists rely on millions of people across the world who have been misled to believe that there is historical truth to the Bible, who think that today’s Israel is the true and rightful successor of Biblical Israel and who allow Zionists to claim the Bible as their actual history book.

Mythology religion and history

The Greeks and the Nordic people replaced their ancient indigenous mythologies with Christianity, retaining their mythology as a part of their cultural history. In India, ancient mythology is very much alive and ancient gods are still worshiped in temples throughout the country, yet that is never confused with India’s actual history. Vishnu is never confused with Ashoka or Buddha with Akbar. Each has its respective place within the rich Indian culture.

Neither the people of Greece, the Nordic people, or even those who practice various faiths in India regard their mythology as history. You will not find Greek archaeologists digging to find the home of Zeus. There are no signs that the Nordic people are searching for the ancient city where Odin and Thor resided, and even in India, where the ancient gods are very much part of life, there is no expectation that the city of Shiva will be dug up by archaeologists.

his is because the separation between myth and religion and history is clear, except in the case of Zionism. Zionists, both Christian and Jewish, firmly hold to their demand that the Bible is history. Archeologists working in the name of Zionists have been digging up Palestine for two centuries, often ignoring or even destroying valuable artifacts that do not serve their purpose.

This is because Zionist archeologists are motivated not by scientific curiosity, but by a political agenda. They ignore the wealth of history and archeology that exist in Palestine and search for proof of their own theories.

Destruction of monuments

The need to validate Zionist claims that connect current day Israel with the ancient Hebrews and the glorified mythology as it is presented in parts of the Old Testament often comes at the expense of important historical sites and monuments. In fact, is not uncommon to see invaluable historical sites destroyed by design at the hands of Zionist institutions.

The Mamilla Cemetery is one such example. It is an ancient Muslim burial ground and holy site in the center of Jerusalem believed to date back to the seventh century. Numerous saints of the Sufi faith and thousands of officials, scholars, notables, and Jerusalem families have been buried in the cemetery over the past 1,000 years.

Companions of the Prophet Muhammad were said to be buried there, but since the Zionist conquest of West Jerusalem, the cemetery has fallen into disrepair, with ancient tombstones destroyed and desecrated. Over the last decade, a significant portion of the cemetery has been razed and human remains have been desecrated so that the Simon Wiesenthal Center can build a facility, shamelessly called the Museum of Tolerance.

The Mamilla Cemetery, shown here in a 1951 aerial photo, sat undistributed for centuries until the Israeli government paved the way for the construction of the Museum of Tolerance atop its historic ruins

Since 2010, the Center for Constitutional Rights and the Campaign to Preserve Mamilla Cemetery have worked to halt the construction of the new facility and preserve what remains of the ancient site. To this end, petitions have been filed with various UN bodies, including UNESCO, to protect the sacred site.

The “Museum of Tolerance,” as it is called, has resulted in the disinterment of hundreds of graves, and the whereabouts of the countless human remains that have been disposed of are unknown. Recognized as one of the most prominent Muslim cemeteries in the world, where seventy thousand warriors of Saladin’s armies are interred, is now all but gone.

Bab al-Rahmeh is yet another famous Islamic cemetery in Jerusalem. It extends from Lions Gate to the end of the wall of Al-Aqsa Mosque near the Umayyad palaces in the south. The Israeli government is in the process of confiscating parts of the cemetery to implement a settlement project. Plans include creating, “paths of biblical gardens,” once again erasing historical sites in order to build monuments to commemorate a history that never was.

Another classic example of the destruction of real history for the sake of mythology is the opening of the so-called “Temple’s Baptism station” on the historic land of the Umayyad palaces in the Old City of Jerusalem. The Temple in question is the Jewish Temple and the Umayyad palaces on which it is to be built date back nearly 1,400 years, built in the early stage of the Islamic period, and used to house the Islamic Caliphs and institutions that managed the affairs of Jerusalem and the Al-Aqsa Mosque.

Monuments in disrepair

Zionist authorities have not only destroyed precious historical sites in search of mythical ones, they have also allowed invaluable historical sites to fall into disrepair. There are countless such sites throughout Palestine, such as the mosque of Dhaher Al-Umar in Tabariya, which now stands alone, in ruins, a solitary witness to the glorious Arab past of the city.

Daher al-Umar was a Palestinian leader who ruled most of Palestine and shaped its history throughout the entire 18th century. Not only has his memory been erased, but the monuments that carry his name and still exist now lay in ruins.

The mythology of the Old Testament was turned into history through a successful attempt to make the stories and the figures in these stories, mythical as they may have been, into actual historical events and figures. At the same time, the real history of Palestine, a glorious history of culture and religion, politics, commerce, and unmatched art and architecture, has all but been lost so that Zionists can claim that they are the true successors of Joshua and King David.

There is no harm in enjoying the wonderful illustrations that adorn the Bible, the likes of which one finds at Jarndyce Bookseller. In fact, I intend to continue to visit that store whenever I can and enjoy those wonderful renditions of Old and the New Testament stories. However, we must be careful not to confuse those stories and the illustrations with the actual history of Palestine.

Jewish Settler Tries to Burn Gethsemane Church in Jerusalem (VIDEOS)

December 4, 2020

The Gethsemane Church in Jerusalem. (Photo: File)

A Jewish settler attempted today on burning down the Gethsemane Church in the Mount of Olives area in occupied East Jerusalem, according to local sources.

Witnesses reported that an illegal Jewish settler sneaked into the premises of the church before he was seen pouring some flammable liquid there.

The settler then tried to set some of the seats on fire but was thwarted by local Palestinian citizens who handed him over to a police force that had just arrived at the scene.

“It must be understood that Palestinian Christians are neither aliens nor bystanders in Palestine. They have been victimized equally as their Muslim brethren, and have also played a major role in defining the modern Palestinian identity, through their resistance, spirituality, deep connection to the land, artistic contributions and burgeoning scholarship,” Palestinian journalist and editor of The Palestine Chronicle Ramzy Baroud wrote in a recent article.

“Israel must not be allowed to ostracize the world’s most ancient Christian community from their ancestral land so that it may score a few points in its deeply disturbing drive for racial supremacy,” Baroud added.

(Palestine Chronicle, WAFA, Social Media)

Biden will not end the ‘deal of the century’ – Palestinian leaders are acting in haste

Joseph Massad

24 November 2020 

The goal of the US ‘peace process’ has long been – and will continue to be under Biden – the obliteration of Palestinian resistance to Israeli colonisation

People denounce the ‘deal of the century’ in the occupied West Bank on 28 February 2020 (AFP)

Since the election of Joe Biden as the next US president, reports of the death of the “deal of the century” have been greatly exaggerated. The Palestinian Authority (PA) has felt a sense of relief that its love affair with Israel and Israel’s allies could finally resume. 

The PA had cut off official security coordination with Israel in May, and cooled relations with Bahrain and the UAE after they opened diplomatic relations with Israel this summer. The PA used the pretext that President Donald Trump’s “deal” was detrimental to Palestinian interests.  

In the wake of Biden’s election, the PA declared the deal and annexation plans to be “no longer on the table”. It officially resumed security coordination with Israel, citing assurances from Israel that it would comply with prior agreements it had signed with the PA.

This came just days after Israel opened bidding on the construction of a new Jewish colonial settlement intended to cut off occupied East Jerusalem from the West Bank. The PA has also restored its ambassadors to Bahrain and the UAE. 

Palestinian prisoners

These PA moves seek to appeal to Biden, who is expected to be more sympathetic to their cause than Trump. And so, instead of announcing that the PA was looking forward to being welcomed back into the US capital, the adamantly anti-Palestinian New York Times, the US “newspaper of record”, announced that “in a bold move to refurbish their sullied image in Washington, the Palestinians are laying the groundwork for an overhaul to one of their most cherished but controversial practices, officials say: compensating those who serve time in Israeli prisons, including for violent attacks.” 

Israel has been demanding for decades that the PA not support the families of Palestinians killed by Israel, let alone the families of Palestinian prisoners of war. The US Congress “repeatedly passed legislation to reduce aid to the Palestinians by the amount of those payments”, which were also cited by Trump when he cut funding to the PA in 2018.

Biden will be little different from Trump who, in fact, was little different from Obama or previous presidents

The New York Times added that “Palestinian officials eager to make a fresh start … are heeding the advice of sympathetic Democrats who have repeatedly warned that without an end to the payments, it would be impossible for the new administration to do any heavy lifting on their behalf”. 

This is an important example of how Biden will be little different from Trump who, in fact, was little different from Obama or previous presidents. Biden has vowed not to move the US embassy back to Tel Aviv, nor to rescind US recognition of Israel’s illegal annexation of that city. Perhaps the only difference is that Biden may restore aid to the PA, while curtailing support to families of Palestinian prisoners – details of which are “being hammered out in Ramallah”, according to the Times.  

Security coordination

But as the “deal of the century” is predicated on the premise that the US and Palestinians must give Israel everything it wants, it remains unclear why the PA thinks the deal is no longer on the table. After all, the PA has acted in accordance with that very premise by resuming security coordination with Israel, returning its ambassadors to the Gulf states, and negotiating cuts to support for prisoners’ families – all without getting anything in return. 

The issue of financial support to Palestinian prisoners’ families is, in fact, a central feature of how the US “peace process” has always been premised on coercing Palestinians and other Arabs to join the US in legitimising Israeli colonial conquests and delegitimising any resistance to them. 

An Israeli border guard fires tear gas towards Palestinians in Bethlehem in 2017 (AFP)
An Israeli border guard fires tear gas towards Palestinians in Bethlehem in 2017 (AFP)

Since the 1993 Oslo I Accord, the PA has committed to stamping out all Palestinian resistance to Israeli colonisation of Palestinian lands, collaborating with Israel either by informing on or handing over resistors to Israeli security forces, or by having its own security agencies imprison or kill them. Why, then, Israel and the US complain, would the PA support their families?

This is to be contrasted with the fact that Israel and the US have always rewarded Israeli Jews who massacre Palestinians. A minuscule number of Israeli soldiers who kill Palestinians have ever been prosecuted, and even fewer found guilty, as has been documented by Israeli human rights groups and others. 

Israeli impunity

Last year, an Israeli soldier who fatally shot an unarmed 14-year-old Palestinian boy was sentenced to a month in military prison. The boy’s father told the New York Times: “This is unjust.” He said he feared that the soldier’s sentence would “encourage his colleagues to kill in cold blood”. 

Also last year, the Israeli army exonerated its soldiers in the killing of a Palestinian double-amputee protesting at the Gaza fence who was shot in the chest. The army said it could not ascertain that its soldiers were the ones who killed him. Another Israeli border police officer who killed yet another Palestinian teenager in 2014 was sentenced two years ago to nine months in prison, having been praised by the judge as “excellent” and “conscientious”. Biden victory means the end of an era for Netanyahu

Read More »

As for the Israeli military medic who shot dead an already injured Palestinian lying on the ground in 2016, he was sentenced to 18 months in prison, a year of probation and a demotion. His sentence was later decreased to 14 months, of which he served only nine before being released. 

These are neither aberrant nor new examples; they harken back to the establishment of Israel. Late Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, who expelled the Palestinian population of the city of Lydda in 1948 and devised the “break-their-bones” policy against Palestinians during the First Intifada, is celebrated in Israel and the US as a “hero” for peace. He never went to jail for his crimes.  

Nor did former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, who, dressed in drag, headed a commando unit that assassinated several Palestinian leaders in their homes in Beirut in 1973. He, like Rabin, is hailed as a hero. 

In October 1956, the Israeli army committed a horrific massacre against its own Israeli-Palestinian citizens in the village of Kafr Qasim, when its soldiers shot dead 49 men, women and children coming home from their fields after a day of work, and injured dozens more.  

Despite an initial government cover-up, a trial took place and prison sentences were handed down in October 1958 to eight officers ranging from eight to 17 years. Appeals were filed, and all the sentences were reduced with all the convicted killers released by 1960, having spent their sentence in a sanatorium in Jerusalem, and not in a prison cell.

Officer Gabriel Dahan, convicted of killing 43 Palestinians, was appointed as officer responsible for Arab affairs in the city of Ramle in September 1960. The brigadier most responsible for giving the orders for the massacre, Yshishkar Shadmi, had a separate trial, and was found guilty of a “technical error” and fined one cent. 

Better deal next time?

What Biden and his friends are demanding of the PA today is precisely what Israel and Trump also demanded: namely, that it consider Israeli conquest, colonisation and occupation of Palestinian land – including the killing of Palestinians who resist (or do not resist) Israel – as heroic acts.

Since the PA did right by Israel and the US when it agreed in Oslo to quash any resistance to these Israeli heroic acts, it must continue to do so by not supporting the families of Palestinian prisoners or martyrs. 

It has always been the same deal, which is what Trump tried valiantly to impress upon the world

The goal of the PA, as envisaged by the Oslo Accords, is not only to obliterate any remaining resistance to Israel, but also to quash the Palestinian people’s will to resist their insidious coloniser once and for all. That was the essence of the US “peace process” in the 1970s and 1980s, of the Oslo deal, of former US President Bill Clinton’s Camp David offer in 2000, and of Trump’s “deal of the century“.  

It has always been the same deal, which is what Trump tried valiantly to impress upon the world. The much-awaited Biden, however, will be sure to indulge the PA. He will pretend, alongside the PA, that Palestinians will get a new and better deal next time.

The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye.

Joseph Massad is Professor of Modern Arab Politics and Intellectual History at Columbia University in New York. He is the author of many books and academic and journalistic articles. His books include Colonial Effects: The Making of National Identity in Jordan, Desiring Arabs, The Persistence of the Palestinian Question: Essays on Zionism and the Palestinians, and most recently Islam in Liberalism. His books and articles have been translated to a dozen languages.

نتنياهو في جزيرة العرب

الجزيرة العربية

فؤاد إبراهيم

الثلاثاء 24 تشرين الثاني 2020

نتنياهو في جزيرة العرب
تتشكّل خريطة جيوسياسية جديدة وتعيد رسم المشهد الشرق الأوسطي (أ ف ب )

كتب الأمير تركي الفيصل، رئيس الاستخبارات العامة السعودية سابقاً والسفير السعودي السابق في لندن وواشنطن، رسالة في 7 تموز/ يوليو 2014، موجّهة إلى “مؤتمر إسرائيل للسلام” في تل أبيب، جاء فيها: “تخيّلوا أني أستطيع ركوب الطائرة من الرياض وأطير مباشرة إلى القدس.. يا لها من لذة ألّا أدعو الفلسطينيين فقط، بل الإسرائيليين الذين سألقاهم أيضاً، ليأتوا لزيارتي في الرياض، حيث يستطيعون التجوّل في بيت آبائي في الدرعية التي تشبه معاناتها التي نالتها من قهر إبراهيم باشا معاناة القدس على يد نبوخذ نصر والرومان”.

لم تكن تلك من تنبّؤات نوستراداموس، بل هو قرار مضمر منذ عقود، وضعه بن غوريون، أحد مؤسّسي الكيان، نصب أهدافه قائلاً: “إن المصالحة التاريخية بين اليهود والعرب لن تتمّ إلا على يد آل سعود”. في المقابل، آمن الملوك السعوديون بأن شرط وجود كيانهم واستقراره ليس في تعزيز ثقة الشعب، وإنما في بناء تحالف مع الدولة العبرية برعاية أميركية.

زيارة رئيس الوزراء الإسرائيلي، بنيامين نتنياهو، لجدّة، ومدينة “نيوم” السياحية على وجه التحديد، يوم الأحد الماضي، ولقاؤه ولي العهد السعودي، محمد بن سلمان، سوف تبقى شأناً إعلامياً إسرائيلياً لبعض الوقت، قبل أن تتلقّفه وسائل الإعلام الغربية والأميركية، مع تمنّع سعودي خجول قبل أن يصبح واقعاً، ويتولّى الإعلام السعودي نفسه الدفاع عنه والتطبيل له. وهكذا هي قصة التطبيع السعودي ــــ الإسرائيلي، يبدأ بتسريب خبر في الإعلام العبري، ثمّ يكتسب صدقية بنسبة الخبر إلى مسؤول إسرائيلي يكشف عن هويته لاحقاً، ثم ينتشر فيصبح واقعاً لا يقاوَم.
ما يلفت في خبر الزيارة ليس أصل حصولها، بل ردّ الفعل عليها؛ إذ إنها كانت واردة على الدوام، في ظلّ التسريبات المتلاحقة منذ شهور حول قرب توقيع “اتفاقية سلام” بين الرياض وتل أبيب، والمصمّمة لغرض تأهيل الأجواء لبلوغ التطبيع حيّز الإعلان. السؤال هنا: هل الهرولة السعودية نحو التطبيع تأتي وفق حسابات محلية، كما هي الحال بالنسبة إلى نتنياهو المأزوم داخلياً، أم هي مؤسَّسة على حسابات وطنية وقومية ودينية؟ الجواب كلا، ببساطة لأن شعب الجزيرة العربية في غالبيته الساحقة لا يتمنى اليوم الذي تطأ فيه أقدام الصهاينة جزيرة العرب.

اضطلاع الرياض بدور الموجّه الخفيّ لمسيرة التطبيع في صيغتها الأخيرة، كما ظهرت في تدشين علاقات طبيعية بين الكيان الإسرائيلي وكلّ من الإمارات والبحرين والسودان، ليس منفصلاً عن أدوار سابقة طبعت مسيرة تطبيع تعود إلى عام 1981، حين تَقدّم وليّ العهد حينذاك، فهد بن عبد العزيز، الملك لاحقاً، بأوّل “مبادرة سلام” تتضمّن، من بين بنودها الثمانية، اعترافاً جماعياً بالكيان الإسرائيلي. أريد للمبادرة حينذاك أن تكون “مشروعاً عربياً”، كما أراده فهد في قمّة فاس، ولكن اعتراض عدد من الأنظمة العربية إلى جانب قيادة “منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية”، أفضى إلى سحب المشروع من التداول، وأسبغ عليه صفة “المشروع السعودي”.

نحن أمام معادلة جديدة ربح فيها الإسرائيلي المعركة، وأَخرج السعودية من سوق المزيدات


أثارت المبادرة السعودية أسئلة مشروعة عن الدوافع والغايات، بالنظر إلى قرب عهد العرب بصدمة توقيع الرئيس المصري الأسبق، أنور السادات، اتفاقية سلام مع الكيان الإسرائيلي. كانت الإجابة تَتطلّب قراءة مختلفة لسياق الوقائع الإقليمية والدولية. إذ إن المنطقة كانت تشهد حينذاك تحوّلاً كونياً على وقع الثورة الإسلامية الإيرانية وتداعياتها داخلياً (انتفاضة الحرم بقيادة جهيمان العتيبي في تشرين الثاني/ نوفمبر 1979، وانتفاضة المحرّم في المنطقة الشرقية في كانون الأول/ ديسمبر من العام نفسه)، وخليجياً (انتفاضة شعبية في البحرين في كانون الأول/ ديسمبر 1979، وتالياً محاولة قلب نظام الحكم في 1981)، إلى جانب التداعيات العربية والدولية. أدركت السعودية، في وقت مبكر، أن سقوط أحد العمودين المتساندين، أي إيران، يتطلّب إجراءً عاجلاً للحيلولة دون سقوط العمود الآخر. كما أدركت الرياض، حينذاك، أن الوصول إلى قلب البيت الأبيض يمرّ عبر تل أبيب، وهذا ما ظهر جليّاً في كلّ الأزمات التي واجهت الرياض على مدى أربعة عقود. في آذار/ مارس 2002، تقدّم ولي العهد، عبد الله بن عبد العزيز، الملك لاحقاً، بـ”مبادرة سلام” أخرى معدّلة، تضمن حق الكيان الإسرائيلي في الوجود، ولا تتمسّك بحق العودة كثابت غير قابل للنقاش.

كانت السعودية في أسوأ حالاتها، ولأول مرة يتمّ تصنيفها بـ”بؤرة الشر” من قِبَل الحليف الأميركي، على خلفية اتهامات لها بالضلوع في هجمات الحادي عشر من أيلول/ سبتمبر. مَثّلت المبادرة السعودية، التي أُعلن عنها في “قمة بيروت” محاولة لفكّ العزلة الدولية وتلميع صورة النظام السعودي، بصفته الراعي الرسمي لأيديولوجية الكراهية العابرة للقارات. لم تحظ المبادرة بتوافق رسمي عربي، على الرغم من الجهود الكثيفة التي بذلتها الرياض لسنوات طويلة، وتخلّلتها نشاطات تطبيعية، من بينها لقاءات الأمير تركي الفيصل، وعادل الجبير، السفير السعودي ووزير الخارجية سابقاً ووزير الدولة للشؤون الخارجية حالياً، مع مسؤولين إسرائيليين مثل تسيبي ليفني، وزيرة خارجية الكيان سابقاً، ورئيس الحكومة الإسرائيلية الأسبق إيهود باراك في تموز/ يوليو 2013 وآخرين، إضافة إلى مشاركات مكثّفة في ندوات أمنية وسياسية برعاية إسرائيلية، ولقاءات مع مسؤولين إسرائيليين في الخليج وفي عواصم أوروبية وأميركية.

تلزيم “صفقة القرن” لوليّ العهد، محمد بن سلمان، شرطُ تتويج. وقد أمضى الرجل عامَي 2018 و2019 من أجل إقناع الأردن والسلطة الفلسطينية على نحو الخصوص بمتطلّبات الصفقة، وعلى رأسها التخلّي عن القدس الشرقية وحق العودة. كان سقف المطلب السعودي، ومِن خلفه الأميركي والإسرائيلي، عالياً إلى القدر الذي مسّ بصميم السيادة الفلسطينية والشرعية الدينية والتاريخية للعائلة الهاشمية، ناهيك عن رفض كثير من الدول العربية مشروع سلام لا يقوم على حلّ الدولتين ولا تكون القدس الشرقية فيه عاصمة للدولة الفلسطينية.

في النتائج، لم يكن الخروج على المبادرة العربية بنسختها السعودية قراراً إماراتياً أو بحرانياً أو حتى سودانياً، بل كان قراراً سعودياً بالدرجة الأولى. سِجلّ التطبيع منذ مطلع الألفية حتى الآن كان يحمل البصمة السعودية، وقد تكفّلت الإمبراطورية الإعلامية التي يديرها الملك سلمان وأبناؤه والوليد بن طلال وخالد بن سلطان بمهمّة التطبيع النفسي والثقافي والإعلامي. لقد عبث الإعلام السعودي بسيكولوجية الرأي العام الخليجي، وإلى حدّ ما العربي، حتى باتت فكرة التطبيع وحضور المسؤول الإسرائيلي في المنتديات الخليجية بدرجة أساسية أمراً مألوفاً. وللقارئ تخيُّل ردود الفعل، إن وُجدت، على زيارة نتنياهو لبلاد الحرمين، ولقائه وليّ العهد السعودي في مكان لا يبعد سوى أقلّ من مئة كيلومتر عن مكة المكرمة.

لا فائدة مرجوّة من النفي السعودي أو من الصمت الرسمي الإسرائيلي، طالما أن ركب التطبيع يسير كما تَقرّر سعودياً وإسرائيلياً وأميركياً. فنحن أمام خريطة جيوسياسية جديدة تتشكّل وتعيد رسم المشهد الشرق الأوسطي، على وقع انقسامات في النظام الرسمي العربي، واختلال موازين قوى إقليمية ودولية.

خطورة زيارة نتنياهو ليست في الأجندة المباشرة المعلَن عنها، لأن في ذلك تبسيطاً للمستور من أصل العلاقة، بل وأصل الشراكة الاستراتيجية التي سوف تفرض نفسها في العلاقات البينية العربية والإقليمية والدولية. نحن أمام معادلة جديدة ربح فيها الإسرائيلي المعركة، وأَخرج السعودية، شريكه الاستراتيجي، من سوق المزيدات. إذ لم تعد فلسطين بالنسبة إلى الرياض قضية، فضلاً عن كونها القضية، بل باتت العبء الذي تريد الخلاص منه، وهذه المرّة تفعل ذلك بنحر “مبادرة السلام” التي تبنّتها سابقاً، على علّاتها.

زيارة نتنياهو لجزيرة العرب هي تدشين لتاريخ جديد، يضع شعب الجزيرة العربية أمام خيارين: إما القبول بأن يكتب نتنياهو وابن سلمان هذا التاريخ بحبر الخيانة، أو أن يكتبه الشعب بدم التحرير من عار يرتكبه آل سعود بحق شعب يأبى إلا أن يكون مع فلسطين بلا شروط.

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Revolutionary Changes Awaiting the Middle East?

17.11.2020 

Author: Vladimir Odintsov

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Although some of Donald Trump’s advisers still believe in his possible victory and support his attempts to fight, their number is gradually decreasing. Trump himself also is gradually realising the fact that the election results will not be canceled, and he has lost these elections…

The increasing reality of the failure of Trump’s four-year political activity is forcing politicians in many countries who have orientated towards him to look for a way to resolve their current situation, making adjustments to their rhetoric and actions. A certain group, imitating Trump himself, who has repeatedly abandoned former allies in the name of “his own political game”, are rapidly seeking to reorient themselves to the expected new master of the White House, sending flattering congratulations on “victory” instead of the previous criticism for the recent opponent of Trump in the elections.

As the Swiss newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung emphasised, “Europe collectively breathed a sigh of relief. The warm reaction of Brussels and representatives of the EU member states has once again confirmed: more than the election of Joe Biden, Europe is happy about the impending departure of President Donald Trump.”

And this is not only a typical reaction for Europe!

Almost all commentary states the obvious fact: the time after Trump will not be the same as the time before Trump. And therefore, the shifting of the “weather vane of political change” is very clearly traced not only in the list of those who have already congratulated Joe Biden “on victory” – even before the official announcement of the highly scandalous and controversial recent presidential elections in the United States – but also in the choice of the words themselves to express servility and plebeian devotion.

Thus, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu congratulated Joe Biden, calling him “a great friend of Israel.” However most recently, Channel 7 of Israeli television published the results of a national poll, according to which 68% of Israelis expressed their devotion to Trump. Moreover, on November 2, according to Reuters, Israel even held a prayer service for the re-election of Donald Trump. And this is not surprising, since Trump suits Tel Aviv much more. Indeed, it was Trump who on December 6, 2017 recognised Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and moved the US embassy there. In May 2018, Trump pulled Washington out of the “nuclear pact” with Tehran. On March 25, 2019, Trump officially recognized Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights. On October 15, 2020, Trump held a ceremony to normalize relations between Israel, Bahrain and the UAE in front of the White House in Washington. It was Trump who signed the Justice for Unpaid Survivors Act, which provides for the return of property lost during the Holocaust and other events of the 20th century. He signed a decree on the fight against anti-Semitism on American campuses.

But, in addition to Netanyahu, the leaders of Hamas and the extremist group “Muslim Brotherhood Politics” (banned in Russia – ed.) Sent their congratulations to Biden, calling on the new White House administration to abandon the old Trump policies in the Middle East and “Look towards Palestine.”

According to comments published in recent days by various media outlets, with the arrival of Biden in the White House, one can really expect a significant adjustment to the previous US Middle Eastern policy. In particular, it is believed that Joe Biden will return to the JCPOA (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action) Agreement on Iran’s nuclear program, while changing some of the terms of the treaty.

In addition to countering Iran, the next US president will certainly face the need to resolve a number of other crises in the Middle East. As The Jerusalem Post believes, this is first of all, the growing extremism of Turkey, the settlement of the Palestinian problem, the issues in Libya and the Eastern Mediterranean, as well as the great catastrophe in the Sahel and the potential destabilization of Iraq.

According to former US Ambassador to Israel Daniel B. Shapiro, Biden’s undisputed foreign policy initiative related to the Middle East will be the question of creating a Palestinian state. Also, the new head of the White House may cancel the “deal of the century” – the Trump administrations deal to settle the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, which was indignantly rejected by the Palestinian authorities and a number of Muslim countries.

A possible adjustment of Trump’s Middle East policy by Biden is already, belligerently expected in Tel Aviv. On November 5, 2020, Israeli Settlement Minister Tsakhi has already voiced threats that the Israeli elite is ready to start a war with the Islamic Republic in response to Washington’s return to the “nuclear pact.”

In Riyadh, Biden’s arrival at the White House is expected with heightened vigilance.

As we are reminded from the November 8, edition of “Al-Arabia”, Biden promised to reconsider relations with Saudi Arabia in connection with the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi. Hence, even a number of Saudi experts do not exclude that Biden “poses a threat to the crown prince, since he will order the CIA to reveal all the details of the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, and also force the prince to lift the blockade from Qatar, stop arming Riyadh with weapons and ammunition for the war in Yemen and compel him to release the detained activists and members of the royal family.” There is even a belief regarding the possible removal of bin Salman from his posts, in connection with which there are unequivocal hints that in this situation the crown prince has only one “weapon to withstand these dangers – rapprochement with Israel.”

Developing on this idea,   the head of the ‘Mossad’, Yossi Cohen, bluntly stated that “normalization of relations with Israel will be a gift from Riyadh to the new US president – regardless of whether Donald Trump or Joe Biden wins,” and that this decision could soften ‘Biden the Democrat’s’ stance on the KSA (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia).

Be that as it may (and obviously not without taking into account these points) on the evening of November 8, King Salman of Saudi Arabia and his heir Prince Muhammad finally congratulated Joe Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris on their election victory.

It will also be difficult time for Turkey starting when the real possibility of a new president of USA comes to power, as they reacted very sharply to the statements of Joe Biden, who, in an interview with The New York Times, spoke negatively about Recep Erdogan, calling him an “autocrat”, criticised his policy towards the Kurds and supported the Turkish opposition.  Although Joe Biden did this interview back in December 2019, the video of him appeared only on August 15. Now Ankara is preparing for the imposition of a number of sanctions against it on several issues at once, in particular, for Operation Peace Spring against the Syrian Kurds, since Biden may recognise them as their main ally in Syria. Ankara also takes into account Biden’s recent calls to increase pressure on the Turkish authorities in order to push them to reduce tensions in relations with Athens: “it is necessary to put pressure on Turkey so that it abandons provocative actions in the region against Greece, as well as threats to use force.”

They also recall how recently Joe Biden demanded that Donald Trump put pressure on Turkey to abandon the decision on the Hagia Sophia issue, saying that Ankara “should open this temple to all confessions.”

Hence how the recent resignation of both the head of the Central Bank   Murat Uysal, and the Minister of Finance and Treasury of Turkey Berat Albayrak (who was Erdogan’s son-in-law) gave rise to active discussions of the processes that have begun in the highest echelons of power against the background of the expected change of the US presidential administration.  After all, the previous head of the Central Bank worked at Halkbank, the investigation around which may enter an active phase under the new administration, and Albayrak may be connected with the “Halkbank case”. Recall that in January 2018, a court in New York found Halkbank Deputy Chairman Hakan Atilla guilty of the fact that he and the bank itself provided intermediary services in the transfer of funds received by the Iranian leadership from the sale of oil and gas.

The Middle East has always been an issue for US presidents, many administrations come to power wanting to “do something” about the region, but the problems and conflicts are not diminishing. Therefore, today many are asking the question: will Biden become the president who is really ready to make this region better and not just another inhabitant of the Oval Office?

Vladimir Odintsov, political observer, exclusively for the online magazine “New Eastern Outlook“.

فضيحة التنسيق الأمنيّ مع الكيان

سياسيان فلسطينيان: تصريحات عباس خيانة عظمى للقضية

التعليق السياسي

شكّل الإعلان الصادر عن السلطة الفلسطينية بالعودة للتنسيق مع كيان الاحتلال بداعي تلقّيها تأكيداً من سلطات الكيان باعتبار الاتفاقات قائمة من طرفها، صدمة لكل الفلسطينيين والمعنيين بالقضية الفلسطينية. فالسياق الذي قرّرت فيه السلطة وقف التنسيق المشين أصلاً كان من تداعيات التبني الأميركي لصفقة القرن ومن ضمنه إعلان كيان الاحتلال بدعم أميركي للقدس عاصمة للكيان، ولا شيء تغيّر في الأسباب. ومن نتائج قرار السلطة الفلسطينية بوقف التنسيق مع الكيان مناخات وحدة فلسطينية ستسقط مع العودة للتنسيق، فبأي ميزان وضعت السلطة قرارها وما هي عائداته؟

يجب ألا يُخفى على أحد أن المصلحة المحرّكة للعودة للتنسيق هي “إسرائيلية” صرفة، والعائد الوحيد للسلطة هو عائد ماليّ من الأموال المجمدة من قبل سلطات الكيان ومن أموال خليجيّة تموّل العودة للتنسيق، والسبب يتصل مباشرة بالحاجة لعبور شاحنات البضائع المحملة من مرفأ حيفا نحو الخليج بعد التطبيع، في الضفة الغربية، والحاجة لحارس يضمن أمن التطبيع. وهو الدور الذي ستتولاه السلطة وأجهزتها لقاء ما ستتلقاه من أموال.

التطورات الناجمة عن قرار العودة للتنسيق خطيرة جداً. ففيها التنسيق الأمنيّ الذي يلزم السلطة بالتجسّس على المقاومين ومطاردتهم وتسليمهم، وفيه جديد حارس التطبيع، وفيه الانسحاب من التفاهمات الفلسطينية الفلسطينية التي ولدت في أعقاب صفقة القرن وما يعنيه من تعريض للوحدة الفلسطينية من مخاطر قد تترتب عليها انفجارات تصادميّة في أكثر من مكان بين الفصائل.

السلطة ترتضي لعب دور جيش لحد في جنوب لبنان إبان الاحتلال وتُجبر الشعب الفلسطيني على دخول تجربة الانقسام والمخاطرة بأمن مقاومته وتحمّل تبعات حراسة التطبيع، بينما الكيان وجماعات التطبيع في الخليج ومن خلفهما الأميركي لم يقدّموا شيئاً يقول بالتراجع عن سياسات تصفية القضية الفلسطينية.

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UN Adopts Resolution Affirming Syrians, Palestinians’ Sovereignty in Occupied Territories

UN Adopts Resolution Affirming Syrians, Palestinians’ Sovereignty in Occupied Territories

By Staff, Agencies

The United Nations [UN] General Assembly adopted on Thursday a resolution that affirms permanent sovereignty of Syrians in the ‘Israeli’-occupied Syrian Golan and of Palestinians in the ‘Israeli’-occupied Palestinian territories over their natural resources.

A resolution entitled “Permanent sovereignty of the Palestinians in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, including occupied al-Quds, and the Syrians in the occupied Syrian Golan over their natural resources,” was adopted as per a recommendation of the second economic and financial committee with a majority of 153 votes and an opposition of the ‘Israeli’ occupation entity with five other states, while 16 states have abstained.

The General Assembly stressed in its resolution the inalienable rights of Syrians in the occupied Syrian Golan and the Palestinians in their natural resources including land, water and energy resources.

The Assembly further demanded that the Zionist regime stop exploiting the natural resources in the occupied Syrian Golan and the occupied Palestinian territories, including al-Quds, and stop sabotaging them, or exposing them to danger.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine (12- 18 November 2020)

Source

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12 – 18 November 2020

  • In 101 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 77 civilians arrested, including 5 children
  • Annexation and settlement expansion: Israel issues calls for tenders for the construction of 1,365 settlement units
  • IOF demolished 5 houses and confiscated 6 tractors; several establishments in the West Bank and East Jerusalem served demolition notices
  • Settler-attacks: settlers steal 20 sheep in Ramallah and assault a child in Hebron
  • IOF established 80 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 16 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, the Israeli Ministry of Construction and Housing and the Israel Lands Authority issued a call for tenders for construction of 1,257 settlement units in “Givat Hamatos” settlement, which was established on the lands of Beit Safafa village, southern occupied East Jerusalem. These units would connect “Gilo” and “Har Homa” settlements with “Talpiot” settlement.

The construction of these settlement units would seal off Bethlehem from Beit Safafa village and southern occupied East Jerusalem and will entail further restrictions and obstacles on Palestinians’ freedom of movement and access to their lands.

This Israeli bidding was released 4 days after Israel’s approval to construct 108 settlement units in “Ramat Shlomo” settlement, northern occupied East Jerusalem. With these two bids, Israel is resuming construction in two settlements, where expansion efforts were frozen in 2014 due to international pressures. These tenders coincide with escalated IOF demolition and confiscation of Palestinian properties and lands, particularly in Area “C” in the West Bank.

PCHR fears that Israeli intends to accelerate settlement expansion before President-elect Joe Biden assumes US presidency on 20 January 2021, as it is reported that Israel plans to approve the construction of at least 13,000 settlement units in occupied East Jerusalem.

This week, PCHR documented 215 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

Twelve Palestinian civilians, including 2 children, sustained wounds in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank: 6 were wounded, including one child who lost sight in his eye due to his injury, in an IOF raid into Qalandiya refugee camp in Jerusalem; 3 others sustained wounds in IOF raid into Qaddura refugee camp in Ramallah; and 2 others, including 1 child, in IOF suppression of Kafr Qaddoum’s weekly protest against settlement expansion activities; and a photojournalist was wounded while covering clashed in Hebron.

In the Gaza Strip, 4 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip, and once against fishing boats, western Gaza. Israeli war planes launched an airstrike on a vacant land in eastern Rafah.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 101 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 77 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children. In Gaza, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Khan Younis.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 15 incidents, including:

  • Bethlehem: house foundations, a retaining wall and concrete floor demolished in Beit Jala; one house and heritage sites razed, as well as a retaining wall and farm road in al-Walaja ; tractor confiscated in Tuqu’; and an agricultural barracks, a house, and a water well demolished in Artas.
  • Tubas: 5 tractors and excavator confiscated; room and pool demolished; a tin-plated barracks that is used for shelter was dismantled in the northern Jordan valleys.
  • East Jerusalem: call for tenders for the construction of hundreds of settlement units; 4 commercial barracks demolished and 2 houses self-demolished in Jabel Mukaber
  • Hebron: settlement road constructed, and 8 demolition notices served in Yatta.
  • Nablus: an under-construction facility was demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented two settler-violence incidents: 20 sheep stolen from north-eastern Ramallah; and a child was assaulted in Hebron.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 02:20 on Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF backed my military vehicles moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah.  They stationed in Wadi al-Sheikh area, where the soldiers deployed between the neighborhoods.  Some of them raided Mo’atasem Zibar’s (22) house while dozens of Palestinian young men gathered to throw stones at the IOF infantry forces.  The soldiers fired sound bombs and teargas canisters randomly at the stone-throwers and between houses.  As a result, some stone-throwers suffocated.  The clashes continued until 04:30 when IOF withdrew and deliberately collided Najjab al-Barghouthi’s black Ford car that was parked on the roadside, causing damage to the backside of it.

Over the last few days, Kobar has witnessed several house raids and incursions by the IOF that included searches of Zibar family houses and others. Many members of the family were detained and arrested to put pressure on former prisoner Raed Yousif Zibar to surrender himself. It should be noted that Mo’atasem is the former prisoner’s nephew.

  • At approximately 07:00, IOF attacked an elderly man, Mohammed ‘Abdel Hamid Jaber Sleibi (74), from Beit Ummar, north of Hebron, when he was with his daughters in their land in Wadi Abu al-Rish in western Beit Ummar to harvest olives.  As a result, he sustained bruises.

Sleibi said to PCHR fieldworker that:

“I went in the morning with my daughters to my land in Wad Abu al-Rish area in western Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, to harvest olives. As my land is located near Beit Ein settlement that was established in the 1980s, it has always been subject to settlers’ continuous attacks.  Around half an hour after arriving, 4 IOF soldiers approached and ordered us to leave.  I told them that I would call the Israeli Military Liaison to inform them about my presence in the land.  One of the soldiers then came to push me and I fell on the ground.  He started beating me with riffles’ butts on my right side.  My daughters ran to me and started screaming at the soldiers, who insisted we leave the land.  we went back home but I felt pain in my right side.  Later, I filed a complaint to the Israeli police about what happened.”

  • At approximately 13:20, IOF stationed inside the Israel-Gaza border, eastern Khan Younis, opened fire at the agricultural lands and bird hunters in eastern Khuza’a adjacent to the border.  No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Ramallah towards Qaddura Refugee Camp in the city center.  IOF stationed at the entrance to the camp and patrolled the streets.  A number of Palestinian young men gathered to throw stones at the soldiers, who chased them and started shooting live bullets and firing teargas canisters.  As a result, 3 civilians sustained bullet injuries in the lower extremities and were taken by a Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS) ambulance to Palestine Medical Complex in the City.  IOF later withdrew from the city, and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00, villagers from Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus, and representatives of the National Action Factions in Nablus organized a peaceful protest, which started from the village council heading to the lands under threat of confiscation east of the village.  The protesters raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers, annexation wall and the Deal of Century.  When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. IOF suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF stationed inside the Gaza-Israel border fence, east of al-Bureij, central Gaza Strip, opened fire at the agricultural lands.  No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area and clashed with them, firing live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a 17-year-old child was injured with teargas canister in the waist, and another 18-year-old was injured with a teargas canister in the head.
  • At approximately 13:00, Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyah area in central Hebron and threw stones and empty bottles at the checkpoint, known as Checkpoint 56 and established at the entrance to the closed Shuhadaa’ Street leading to Tel Rumeida area. IOF stepped out of their vehicles and stationed behind cement cubes, firing teargas canisters randomly in the area.  They chased the stone-throwers on Wad al-Tofah Street and the area near Mahrouqat Hassounah Court.  As a result, a photojournalist, Hazem Jamil Ragheb Bader, was injured with a sound bomb in the right leg and treated on the spot by another journalist, who was present to cover the events.  Bader was then taken in his car to al-Ahli Hospital, where it was found that the injury caused a calf muscle tear. The clashes continued until 16:00; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 16:20, Palestinian young men gathered at the northern entrance to al-Bireh.  Some of them approached al-Mahkamah Military Checkpoint established near “Beit El” settlement, north of al-Bireh and threw stones at the checkpoint.  The soldiers chased the stone-throwers and fired teargas canisters and sound bombs at them.  As a result, a number of them suffocated due to teargas inhalation. The clashes continued until 18:00, but no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:15 on Saturday, 14 November 2020, IOF gunboats stationed off al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, sporadically opened heavy fire at them, causing fear and panic among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 05:00 on Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF warplanes launched 4 missiles at a vacant land near the area where the former Gaza International airport was located, eastern al-Shokah village, east of Rafah. no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF stationed adjacent to the annexation wall established on al-Midya village lands, west of Ramallah, randomly fired teargas canisters and sound bombs at the Palestinian workers, who were trying to enter Israel for work.  As a result, 2 civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 18:30 on Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF stationed inside the Gaza-Israel border fence, east of al-Maghazi, central Gaza Strip, opened fire at the agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:00, an IOF infantry unit moved into al-Thaher area, south of Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, where “Karmei Tzur” settlement is established on the Palestinian lands.  IOF soldiers deployed in the agricultural lands and when they approached houses, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones.  The soldiers chased the young men and fired teargas canisters and sound bombs randomly at them.  As a result, some of the young men suffocated due to teargas inhalation while IOF arrested Aysar Mohammed Za’aqiq (17) and took him to the IOF camp in the settlement.
  • At approximately 13:30 on Tuesday, 17 November 2020, large numbers of Israeli forces stormed Kafr ‘Aqab village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They stationed along Jerusalem – Ramallah Road, adjacent to Qalandiya refugee camp, set military checkpoints, checked civilians’ ID cards, deployed the village neighborhoods, and gave fines to the passersby, who do not wear face masks. Large numbers of Israeli soldiers raided commercial shops and imposed big fines on their owners, alleging that they did not commit with the Israeli government instruction to combat the outbreak of corona virus. In the meantime, young men gathered at the entrance to Qalandiya refugee camp and threw stones, fireworks, and Molotov Cocktails at IOF, causing the injury of one Israeli soldier. An Israeli force immediately stormed the camp and fired live ammunition, rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors and clashed with civilians for 2 hours. As a result, the window shield of 9 vehicles was smashed. Furthermore, 6 civilians, including a child, were shot with rubber bullets. They were transferred to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah. The child was directly shot in his eye with a rubber bullet, and he lost sight as a result of that. Dozens of civilians also suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. The wounded civilians were identified as: Bashar Ahmed Elian Hamad (16), Yusuf Mohammed Taha Abu Latifa, Mohammed Fayez Ya’qoub, Mohammed Sami Mtair, Mahmoud Khalid Hamad, and Jadallah Husam Obeid.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Wednesday, 18 November 2020, IOF stationed inside the Gaza-Israel border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at the agricultural lands, east of al-Fukhari town, adjacent to the fence.  No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:30, IOF backed by military vehicles stormed Tuba village in Masafer Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers searched civilians’ houses. In the meantime, Ahmed Omer Mohammed Jendiyah (27), a volunteer at the Israeli Information Center for Human Right in the Occupied Territory, arrived at the scene to document the incident. Israeli soldiers attacked him by heavily beating him. They pushed him into the ground and confiscated his camera. Half an hour later, the soldiers returned the camera to Ahmed and ordered him to leave the area.
  • At approximately 14:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in al-Tawil Mountain area, east of al-Birah. They threw stones at the Israeli checkpoint established near “Psagot” settlement, which is established on lands, east of the city. Israeli soldiers chased stone-throwers in the area and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.

II. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 12 November 2020:

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Abdullah Bassam Abu Ghannam (21) and Hasan Yasin Hmaidi (19) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Abdul Aziz Mutair (21) and Anas Shaher al-Khatib (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:50, IOF moved into Nur Shams refugee camp in Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Samer Mahmoud Jaber (21).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Majed Salem Abu Zahra’s (36) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Nablus. North of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Obada Saher Abu Sir (21).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Saf street and al-Fawaghera neighborhood in Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Emad Ali al-Harimi (19) and Jebril Khalil Kawazba (25) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beita village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ayoub Riyad Bani Shamasnah (23).
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested ‘Areen Haitham al-Za’aneen (25), from Wadi al-Juz, while present near al-Asbat Gate area in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and took him to al-Qishla investigation center. The following evening, IOF released him with a 1-week bn on entry to al-Aqsa Mosque and order to return for investigation after this period. It should be noted that Za’aneen is a paramedic in the Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS) and a former prisoner who was released less than a month ago.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into al-Sharea al-Jadid area in al-Tur neighborhood, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Abdul Rahman Eyad al-Hidra’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Sa’ir and Samu in Hebron governorate; Jenin and Beit Dajan, northeast of Nablus; Jayyous, north of Qalqiliya; and Azun, east of Qalqiliya. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 13 November 2020:

  • At approximately 03:20, IOF moved into Askar refugee camp, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Nahed al-Nadi (25).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Jayyous village, northeast of Qaqiliya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Yazeed Jehad Slim (21).
  • At approximately 11:43, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They arrested ‘Aqeel Es’eed ‘Afif Moqbel (19), from the abovementioned village, and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF detained Mo’ath Abu ‘Arafa (32), after going out of the Aqsa Mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in al- Qishla police station on the next Sunday.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the main street between Nablus and Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They arrested Ra’ed Mohammed Qar’an (25), from Qalqilya.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Hableh village, south of Qalqilya, south of the West Bank. They arrested Fahmi Khaled ‘Attal (17), from the abovementioned village.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed at al-Zaytouna military checkpoint, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Omar Hasan Nofal, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 18:45, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Bizzariya village, northwest of Nablus. They arrested Waleed Issam Asfour (26), from Nour Shams refugee camp, east of Tulkarm. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Silwad, east of Ramallah governorate; and Salim village, northeast of Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 14 November 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Alaa’ Mahmoud Younis Thawabta’s (19) house and arrested him. At approximately 16:00, IOF stormed the house again and arrested his brother, ‘Ammar (15).
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF arrested one of the Palestinian National Security Forces’ soldiers, Monjed Salama Debis (23), while passing through a temporary military checkpoint established on the entrance of Beit Jala village. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Burin, southeast of Nablus; Arraba, southwest of Jenin; al- Dhahiriya, Beit Ummar, and Edhna villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 15 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in Wad al-Hareya area. They raided and searched Anas Hatem Qfaisha’s (29) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched Ameer Sa’eed Abu Hadid’s (34) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the road that connected Nablus with villages located to the southeast of Nablus. They arrested Mahmoud Saleem Yamien (45), from Nablus, and took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Dura and al-Dhahiriya in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 16 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Wadi Qadum neighborhood in Silwan, southeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Obada Nidal Dandis’s (25) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Obada is a former prisoner who spent 50-months in the Israeli prisons and released in 2018.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahl village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Osaid Sabri al-Zuhour (29), and Izz al-Dein Ibrahim Shihada (30).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron and stationed near the UNRWA distribution center. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Basem Haitham al-Badawi (17), and Waleed Abdul Latif Jawabra (25).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Sa’ir village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mousa Shaker Jabarin’s house and arrested his two sons: Wael (32) and Mohammed (28).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Haitham Nasim Khwais (20), Ameer Maher Abu Jom’a (25), and Fareed Eyad Abu al-Hawa (19).
  • At approximately 04:30, a group of Mista’arvim (Israeli Special Unit dressed like Palestinians) sneaked into Kobar village, north of Ramallah governorate. They used a white vehicle with a Palestinian registration plate and holding the name of “Brothers Transportation” and stationed at the main roundabout in the center of the village. Meanwhile, 8 Israeli military vehicles stormed to provide protection to the Special Units; they surrounded, raided and searched Mo’taz Mohammed Mahmoud Zibar (26) and Yehya Hussam al-Barghouthi’s (32) houses, and arrested them.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into ‘Anata village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Mousa Jamal Salama (23), Yousef (21) and his brother Mohammed Mahmoud Hilwa (24).
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed at the entrance of Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, arrested Baha’ Bassam al-‘Allami (18), and Mahmoud Ahmed al-‘Allami (18), while present near the military watchtower, claiming that they were throwing stones at the tower. IOF took them to the detention center of “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed at Inab military checkpoint, east of Tulkarm, arrested Samir Raja Ahmed al-Khateeb (31), from al-Far’a refugee camp, south of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, arrested Mahmoud Hammad Shraiteh (43), from Yatta in Hebron governorate, while passing through the checkpoint. He was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF arrested the deputy mayor of al-Izariya village, Mohammed Hasan Mattar (41), while passing through a military checkpoint on the entrance of the abovementioned village. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

Tuesday, 17 November 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Sa’ir, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Khalil Sa’eed al-Faroukh’s (27) house in the center of the village and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Jaba’ village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nayef Khalil Khamamera (38).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Birzeit village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ya’ad Abu Ayyash (21), a student at Birzeit University, and Yousef Mousa Hosha (57).
  • At approximately 02:35, IOF moved into Deir al-Hatab village, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mahmoud Abdullah al-Namrouti’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:45, IOF moved into ‘Askar refugee camp, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Mohammed Ashraf Azmi al-‘Ashibi’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into al-Masaken al-Sha’biya neighborhood, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Mohammed Omar Hashash’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Akram Mo’een Johar’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Karkafa area in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Abdul Rahim Faraj Salhab’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians; Majd Marwan Dari (19), Mohammed Emad Dari (19), Wadea’ Tawfiq Abu al-Hums (27), and Mahmoud Omar Ghrayyeb (28).
  • At approximately 07:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and bulldozers moved 100-meters to the east of al-Fukhary village, east of Khan Younis. They leveled and combed lands along the border fence then redeployed after hours.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF stationed at the Container military checkpoint, north of Bethlehem, arrested Mahmoud Hammad Shraiteh (21), from al-Karmel area in Yatta, south of Hebron governorate, while heading to Ramallah.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF stormed and searched one of the stores in Qalandiya refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem, and arrested Ibrahim (36) and his brother Abdullah al-Mallah (30).
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Bab al-Asbat road in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched As’ad Ali ‘Ajaj’s (44) house and arrested him.

Ali Ajaj, the detainee’s father, said that he was surprised to see huge numbers of the Israeli soldiers storming his house without knowing the reason. They searched the house and the ID cards of all the people in the house and then took his son, As’ad, to an investigation center. It should be noted that As’ad ‘Ajaj was banned from entering al-Aqsa Mosque for 6 months, and he was detained several times from inside the mosque.

  • At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohannad Naser Mahmoud’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF severely beaten and arrested Naseem Harbi Obaid (23), while present near al-Arba’in Mosque in the center of the Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. He was taken to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Sanur, southeast of Jenin; Yatta and Tarqumiyah villages in Hebron governorate; and al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 18 November 2020:

  • At approximately 12:30, IOF moved into Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Yehya Jamal Sowah (20), Rami Samir Abu Samra (35), and Abdullah Khader Rasras (35).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Tulkarm refugee camp, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Adnan Ahmed Khader al-Hosari (53).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hamada Mohammed Sarahna (17), and the policeman in the Palestinian Police Services, Mahmoud Abdul Karim Hamash (35), and arrested them. It should be noted that Hamash was a former prisoner who spent a year and half under the administrative detention in al-Naqab al-Sahrawi prisons “Ktsi’ot” and released in April 2019.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm refugee camp, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mathna Fo’ad Raba’ (24), from Jabal Abu Taqa in Tulkarm.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Nasib Mohammed Obaid’s (48) house and arrested his son, Mohammed (20).
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed at Mavi Dutan military checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Mahmoud Mohammed Nazzal (22), from Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. He was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, arrested Ala’ Omar Zakarna (21), from Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. He was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:30, IOF arrested 2 Palestinians while referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem after summonsing them. The arrestees are: Ra’ed Khalil al-‘Amour (42) and Maher Nabil Tarawa (29), from Taqu’, east of Bethlehem.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Sebastiya, northwest of Nablus; Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin; and Beit Rima, northwest of Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • On Thursday morning, 12 November 2020, Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished a house foundation, a retaining wall, and a concrete floor in Beit Jala, under the pretext of building without a license. Hasan Brijiyah, Head of the Popular Anti-Settlement Committee in Bethlehem, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that a number of Israeli bulldozers stormed Beit Jala amid tight security measures and started demolishing foundations of Nicolas Awad’s under-construction house in Beir Ounah neighborhood. IOF also demolished a retaining wall and a concrete land owned by Monther al-Walaji in al-Jadawel area in the center of Beit Jala.
  • At approximately 06:00 on the same Thursday, IOF demolished a house and a number of archeological remains and retaining walls. IOF also leveled an agricultural land in Ein al-Juweizah are, northeast of al-Walaja, northwest of Bethlehem, under the pretext of building without licensing.

Khader al-A’raj, Head of al-Walaja Village Council, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that an Israeli force accompanied with a bulldozer stormed Ein neighborhood, northeast of the village, and demolished an under-construction house and retaining wall owned by Mohammed Abu al-Haija under the pretext of building without a license. Al-A’raj clarified that IOF demolished Abu al-Haija house that is built on (120sqm) for the third consecutive time. He added that IOF demolished 2 archeological remains, that were previously restored, owned by Abu al-Tin family. IOF also demolished an agricultural road that lead to Khelat al-Hour area; the road is used by farmers to reach their lands. For years, al-Walaja village is subjected to recurrent attacks by settlers represented in demolishing dozens of houses and handing demolition and halt the work notifications and leveling lands and retaining wall in favor of settlement expansion. It should be noted that Ein al-Weijah area is one of the areas that are mostly targeted with demolition processes under the pretext of non-licensing as the Israeli municipality in occupied Jerusalem considers the land affiliated to it and it prevent construction in it. Therefore, half of the area residences are threatened to be expelled out of their houses.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Friday13 November 2020, Israeli authorities started paving a settlement road that is A new settlement road that extends from the Bypass Road (60) through civilians’ lands in Ma’in village, and reaches Avigal settlement established on Palestinian confiscated lands, east of Yatta, south of  Hebron. The lands are owned to al-Hamamdah family. IOF imposed severe restrictions on civilians, which prevent them from using or reclaiming it under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C) as work in it requires a previous permit from the Israeli Civil Administration Office that do not allow civilians to use or retrieve their lands.
  •  On Friday evening, 13 November 2020, IOF sized an agricultural tractor and forced its owner to leave his land in Tuqu village, east of Bethlehem at gunpoint. 

Tayseer Abu Mefreh, Head of Tuqu Village Council, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF stormed al-Arabiya area, north of the village, and forced Mahmoud Hasan al-Sabbah to leave is land while he was plowing it. IOF confiscated his tractor. Abu Mefreh added that al-Sabbah plows and saws his plant each year and owns the deeds to the land.

  • At approximately 14:30 on Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF stormed al-Rawq area, east of Kherbat al-Haidiya in Jordan’s northern valleys, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. They confiscated 4 tractors; three of them belong to Jamal Mohammed Qasem Bani Ouda, while the fourth belongs to Yusuf Husein Asmar Basha, both are from the abovementioned Kherba. IOF confiscated the tractors under the pretext of illegal work in Area (C).
  • On the same Sunday, the Israeli Ministry of Construction and Housing and the Land Authority issued a call for tenders for construction of 1,257 settlement units in “Givat Hamatos” settlement, which was established on the lands of Beit Safafa village, southern occupied East Jerusalem. These units would connect “Gilo” and “Har Homa” settlements with “Talpiot” settlement.

The construction of these settlement units would seal off Bethlehem from Beit Safafa village and southern occupied East Jerusalem and will entail further restrictions and obstacles on Palestinians’ freedom of movement and access to their lands.

It should be noted that “Givat Hamatos” settlement is a neighborhood of temporary housing projects, built on an area of 170 dunums and bordered by “Talpiot” settlement from the north and “Gilo” settlement from the south, and Beit Safafa village from the west. “Givat Hamatos” is considered among the last areas of open lands in Jerusalem that fall adjacent to the 1967 border line; it is a rocky land with few demolished buildings and mostly abandoned trailers. Consequently, the Israeli announcement carries greater significance than it shows, it is not merely the creation of new residential units in a settlement as it appears; in fact, it would be the first new Israeli neighborhood to be established on the 1967 border-line in East Jerusalem in the last 20 years.

The Israeli government had previously conducted such a construction in 1997, when “Har Homa” settlement was first established only two days after signing the first Hebron Protocol with Palestinians. Nowadays, “Har Homa” settlement houses more than 50,000 settlers.

This Israeli bidding was released 4 days after Israel’s approval to construct 108 settlement units in “Ramat Shlomo” settlement, northern occupied East Jerusalem. With these two bids, Israel is resuming construction in two settlements, where expansion efforts were frozen in 2014 due to international pressures.

These tenders coincide with escalated IOF demolition and confiscation of Palestinian properties and lands, particularly in Area “C” in the West Bank.

  • At approximately 07:00 on Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF bulldozers demolished an agricultural barracks, a residential house, and a water well in Khelat al-Nahlah area in Artas village, south of Bethlehem under the pretext of non-licensing.

Hasan Brijiyah, Head of the Popular Anti-Settlement Committee in Bethlehem, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF demolished a house inhabited with 5 individuals and built on an area of (80sqm) owned by Mohammed Romi, who have official document of his property. Brijiyah clarified that the Israeli bulldozers demolished a water well, adjacent to the abovementioned house and then leveled large areas. He added that Israeli authorities notified Romi three times before demolishing his house. Brijiyah mentioned that IOF also demolished an agricultural barrack owned by Mahmoud Shuweiki before their withdrawal from the area.

It should be noted that Khelat al-Nahlah area is a high hill where Israeli settlers established their mobile houses for several years and they are secured by an Israeli military force around the clock. Despite that these lands’ owners filed a judicial complaint at the Israeli District Court in Jerusalem, which issued a decision for settlers to evacuate; the Israeli authorities encourage settlers’ existence and protect them for the importance of the area. IOF seek to empty this area from Palestinians and seize it to expand the boundaries of “Efrat” settlement established in the south of Bethlehem and connect it with “Tuqu’” settlement established on the east side of Bethlehem. It should be noted that Khelat al-Nahla area is located between “Efrat” settlement and “Givat Eitam” settlement outpost established in Khelat al-Qutun nearby area.

Khelat al-Nahla area and Tuqu’ village fall within the Israeli Plan (E2), which is a settlement project aiming at isolating Bethlehem from the southern countryside and from southern West Bank. This isolation can be done by linking “Efrat” settlement with “Tuqu’” settlement by the road of “Givat Eitam” settlement outpost. According to the project, Israeli authorities will seize control of over 1182 dunums as they have already announced building 2500 settlement units in this area to complete isolate Bethlehem from other cities.

  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF accompanied with Civil and Administration vehicle and a bulldozer stormed al-Dowar area, west of Deir Sharaf village, west of Nablus, north of the West Bank. The bulldozer demolished an under-construction facility built on an area of (350sqm) under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The facility, which is a store’s floor and pillars is owned by Fares Montaser Abdul Jabbar Yaseen, from Asira ash-Shamaliya village, north of Nablus.
  • At the same time, IOF demolished a number of industrial facilities at the intersection of ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of building without a license.

Taha al-Refa’i, Head of Anata village, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that a large Israeli force accompanied with bulldozers stormed Anata village’s main street from the eastern side ad closed the intersection in both sides in front of civilians’ vehicles. They demolished 2 commercial barracks owned by Salem and Adeeb al-Qawasmah, 2 other commercial barracks that includes vegetables stall, a barrack, a fence that surrounds 2-dunum land and includes a shop selling spare parts owned by Mohammed Ibrahim Helwah.

On 10 November 2020, Israeli authorities demolished a carwash, a barrack, and a wall in Anata village. The process of demolishing commercial facilities recently is part of IOF’s constant violations against Palestinian civilians and their property in the area. Israeli Construction Supervisory Committee revealed recently that it will issue new tenders within a few weeks for the construction of new settlement units under plan 23185/a. This new settlement project, if implemented, would completely seal off the eastern area of occupied East Jerusalem and would encircle (Anata, At-Tur, Hizma) areas to deny any future expansion possibilities towards the east.

  • At the same time, Mohammed Qanbar and his son Atiyah implemented the Israeli Municipality’s decision and self-demolished their houses under the pretext of building without licensing. Mohammed stated to PCHR that he and his son had to demolish their houses after the Israeli police arrived at the place several times and ordered them to do that or the municipality staff  will implement the demolition decision and will force them to pay the demolition costs estimated at NIS 100,000. Qanbar clarified that he received a demolition notice 3 months ago and his lawyer managed to delay the demolition process until 10 November 2020, during which the lawyer applied to license the house; however, the municipality did not consider the application. Qanbar pointed out that he and his wife and 2 children lived in the house for 7 years in addition to his son’s family, who lived in a nearby house. Both houses were built on an area of 170sqm.
  • At approximately 10:11, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle and 2 bulldozers stormed Atouf Palin, east of Tammun village in Jordan’s northern valleys, north of the West Bank. A bulldozer demolished a residential room built of concrete and zingo sheets on an area of (40sqm) owned by Rami Bani Ouda, from Atouf village, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The same Israeli force stormed Furush Beit Dajan village, adjacent to Jordan’s central valleys. The bulldozer demolished a250-cubic meter water pool owned by Khalousi Abdul Rahim Haj Mohammed, from Furush Beit Dajan village. The pool was built of tin-plates and was funded by the European Union and was present in the land for more than 15 years.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF backed by a military vehicle and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle stormed Masafer area in Yatta, south of Hebron. The Civil Administration officer handed 4 military notices with No. 1797 to demolish facilities within 96 hours under the pretext of illegal construction, and they were as follows:
Affected PersonFacilityDescriptionDistanceArea
Jamil Mahmoud al-AmourbathroomTin plates and bricks1sqmSarourah
Hatem Mahmoud MakhamrahAgricultural roomTin plates and bricks20sqmAl-Mofaqera
Rasmi Yusuf Abu ArarmresidenceTin plates and bricks50sqmAl-Rakiz
Service CouncilWater supply systempipes—-Safi al-Fuqa

It should be noted that IOF based this demolition on Military Order No. 1797 of 2018, which allows the “building inspector” at the Israeli Civil Administration, to issue a demolition/removal order on any construction that is not completed within 6 months, or has been occupied for less than 30 days after the inspector’s visit. This type of notices deprives Palestinians of their right to defend their houses and facilities, as the High Court of Israel refuses any petitions made to freeze or cancel such notices. Furthermore, demolition notices based on Military Order No. 1797 deprive citizens from applying for licensing their targeted buildings.

  • At approximately 13:50, IOF stormed Atouf Plain, east of Tammun village, southeast of Tubas in Jjordan’s northern valleys, north of the West bank. IOF confiscated a digger owned by Ayman Rabah Gharib Bani Ouda, from Tammun village. Ayman was paving an agricultural road in favor of the village council. IOF confiscated the digger under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle, a number of staffs, and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Farsiya, east of Tubas in Jordan’s northern valleys, north of the West Bank.  The staff dismantled a residential barracks roofed with tin-plates and steel pillars on an area of 40sqm in addition to a bathroom and confiscated them. IOF also confiscated a 2cubic-meter water tank funded by “ACTED” organization. IOF claimed that the demolition of the water tank and barracks owned by Radad Hamed Rezeq Daraghmah, from Kherbat al-Faresiya, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).

The same Israeli force stormed Um al-Jamal village in Joedan’s northern valleys as the staff started to dismantle an arbor built of steel and shader sheets built by activists to protect children and civilians from rains. IOF claimed that the demolition was due to illegal construction in Area (C).

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 20:00 on Friday, 13 November 2020, a group of settlers from “”Sons of Hills” group moved from the Israeli new settlement ourpost established east of At-Tayba village, northeast of  Ramallah, and attacked Ka’abna Bedouin Community in the village’s outskirts. The settler sneaked into the livestock barrack and stole about 20 sheep aged between 6 months and 2 years, owned by Farah Ibrahim al-Ka’abna. After that settlers returned to the settlement outpost.
  • It should be noted that settlers, who called themselves “Sons of Hills” established the settlement outpost in 2019 on Palestinians’ lands, east of al-Tyba village, on an area of 9 dunums. The settlement is about 200 meters far away from “Rimonim” settlement established on the village lands.
  • At approximately 13:30 on Wednesday, 18 November 2020, a settler from “Ramat Yishai” settlement outpost established on Palestinians’ confiscated lands in Tal al-Ramidiyah neighborhood in the center of Hebron, attacked Haitham Tayseer Abu Aishah (15) and punched him on his face while Haitham was on his way home with his father. When Haitham’s father attempted to move the settler away from his son, an Israeli soldier approached him and punched on his back, so, he fell on the ground. After that, Israeli back-ups arrived at the area as Haitham returned home with his father. Later on, Abu Aishah filed a complaint at the Israeli police.

V. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 80 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 16 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday evening, 12 November 2020, established a checkpoint at the Biddu village’s tunnel.
  • On Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem.
  •  On Wednesday, 18 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Al Jib village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at Tuqu, al-Khader, and Beit Fajjar villages, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints the northern and western entrances to Tuqu, Husan, and Tuqu villages, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Saturday, 14 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Marah Rabah villages and near “’Osh Ghurab” area, east of Beit Sahour village, and at Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Beit Jala, Tuqu, Marah Rabah villages in Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the northern and western entrance to Tuqu village, entrance to Maah Rabah village, and Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 17 November 2020, established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Tuqu and Husan villages and near al-Nashash area, south of the city.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints under the bridge of ‘Atara village, north of Ramallah, and at the entrance to  Ein Yabrud village, east of Ramallah.
  • On Wednesday, 18 November 2020, IOF closed the northern entrance to al-Bira, leading to Jalazone refugee camp, and north of Ramallah. The soldiers searched Palestinian civilians’’ vehicles, checked their ID cards, and obstructed the traffic movement. The closure continued for 3  and half hours.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Fasayil village, north of Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 14 November 2020, IOF tightened its military measures at “Al-Hamra” checkpoint, north of Jericho, obstructed the traffic movement for civilians, and checked their ID card and established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Nablus – Tubas road, northeast of Nablus.
  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Majdal Bani Fadil village, and al-Bathan road linking between Nablus and Tubas.
  • On Saturday, 14 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Shavei Shomron settlement, west of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Asira ash-Shamaliya village, and at Einabus village square.
  • On Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Shavei Shomron settlement (the road linking between Nablus and Jenin).

Jenin:

  • On Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kufeirit village, southwest of Jenin.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at Sa’ir and Idhna villages and al-Aroub refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at: Hebron’s southern entrance, Beit Kahel, and Kharsa villages.
  • On Saturday, 14 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at Beit Awwa, al-Hadab, and Surif villages, and al-Aroub refugee camp.
  • On Monday, 15 November 2020, IOF established 6 checkpoints at the Halhoul northern entrance to (Nabi Yunus), Beit Einun, Beit Ummar villages, Hebron’s southern entrance, Yatta and Idhna village.
  • On Tuesday, 17 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at Hebron’s southern entrance (al-Harayeq), ad-Dhahiriya, Beit Ummer, and Bani Na’im villages.
  •  On Wednesday, 18 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at Halhoul southern entrance, and al-Aroub refugee camp, and  ad-Dhahiriya village.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Izbat at-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Izbat at-Tabib village, at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya, the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya. These checkpoints were removed; no arrests were reported.

Tulkarm:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of “Innab” settlement, east of Tulkarm.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrances to Deir Istiya, north of Salfit.

Fantasy or Pre-Normalization? Saudi Lawyer Claims Al-Aqsa Mosque’s True Location ‘Is Not in Al-Quds!’

Fantasy or Pre-Normalization? Saudi Lawyer Claims Al-Aqsa Mosque’s True Location ‘Is Not in Al-Quds!’

By Staff, Agencies

In yet another imaginary scenario, perhaps to push the Muslim Kingdom a step towards an announced normalization with the Zionist occupation regime, a Saudi lawyer claimed that the holy al-Aqsa Mosque, traditionally held to be Islam’s third holiest site after Mecca and Medina, is not in fact, located on the al-Aqsa compound in the al-Quds’ Old City in the occupied Palestine.

Writing for the Saudi news outlet Okaz, Osama Yamani alleged that the holy mosque – which is one of the world’s most ancient permanent Islamic buildings, having been completed in 705 CE – is actually located in al-Ju’ranah, near Mecca in Saudi Arabia, as cited by the Hebrew newspaper, ‘Israel’ Hayom.

He then argued that the centuries-long confusion stems from the fact that history books have mistakenly located al-Aqsa in occupied al-Quds.

“Al-Quds is not al-Aqsa. Similarly, al-Quds is a city, and al-Aqsa is a mosque,” he claimed.

Such controversial and baseless comments, meanwhile, stirred a wave of condemnations by social media users who mostly considered they aim at pushing for normalization with the ‘Israeli’ occupation entity.

Israel to Build Over 1,000 Settlement Units in East Jerusalem

November 15, 2020

Illegal Israeli settlement in Jerusalem. (Photo: File)

Israel on Sunday issued a tender for the construction of 1,257 settlement homes in the occupied East Jerusalem, according to local media, Anadolu Agency reports.

The Walla news website said the new settlement units will be constructed in the Givat HaMatos settlement in East Jerusalem, which was occupied by Israel during the 1967 Middle East war.

In 2014, Israel froze a decision to build 2,600 housing units in the same settlement due to international pressure.

There was no comment from Palestinian authorities on the Israeli construction plan.

On Thursday, the Israeli authorities approved the construction of 108 housing units in the Ramat Shlomo settlement in East Jerusalem.

According to Haaretz newspaper, the Israeli government plans to approve thousands of settlement units in East Jerusalem as a pre-empt step before the inauguration of US President-elect Joe Biden on January 20.

Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris stated in their electoral campaign that they would abide by the two-state solution to solve the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, a solution that contradicts with the Israeli settlement activity and Israeli plans to annex parts of the occupied West Bank.

The West Bank, including East Jerusalem, is regarded as an “occupied territory” under international law, thus making all Jewish settlements there illegal.

(MEMO, PC, Social Media)

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