هرمز: طهران تُمسك بالزمان والمكان… وواشنطن تمسك القلم

أبريل 24, 2019

ناصر قنديل

– هالة القوة التي تمثّلها أميركا تحضر بكل ثقلها عندما يعلن الرئيس الأميركي حزمة عقوبات جديدة بلا إعفاءات واستثناءات على إيران، وفي واشنطن بجرّة قلم يمكن إقفال أنابيب المال التي تتحرّك من خلالها التجارة العالمية، بلا أن تضطر واشنطن لتجريد أساطيلها أو تحريك صواريخها، خصوصاً بعدما اكتشفت أن سلاحها يشكل عبئاً عليها في المواجهة التي بدأها المحافظون الجدد عام 2000 بقرار غزو أفغانستان ثم العراق وصولاً لعدوان تموز 2006 على لبنان، وعام 2008 على غزة، وظهر أن حروب التدمير الذاتي التي يتيحها التلاعب بالنسيج الاجتماعي لبلدان المنطقة تحت عنوان تعميم الديمقراطية، توقع خسائر بشعوب ودول المنطقة، لم تتمكن الحروب الأميركية من إيقاعها، ولو أن هذه الحروب المسماة بالذكية، وقد نجحت بتعميم الفوضى وضرب المؤسسات الوطنية والنسيج الاجتماعي وتخريب العمران، لم تنجح بتحقيق الهدف المحوري لها، وهو نقل «إسرائيل» من حال القلق إلى حال الاطمئنان.

– نجحت أميركا بتدمير الكثير، لكن منسوب القلق الإسرائيلي يرتفع، ونجحت بخلق ثقوب وشقوق كبيرة في الموقفين العربي والإسلامي من «إسرائيل» والتطبيع معها، لكن مصادر الخطر الحقيقي على «إسرائيل»، ومفاتيح أمنها ليست بيد الذين يعلنون شراكتهم لواشنطن وتل أبيب في الحروب. ونجحت واشنطن وتل أبيب بتوظيف الإرهاب في تعميم ما سُمّي بالفوضى الخلاقة، لكن النهاية كانت فشل الإرهاب في التحوّل إلى مشروع تقسيم وتفتيت. وفشلت مشاريع تبييض المنظمات الإرهابية ودمجها في الحياة السياسية، واستدرج هذا الاستخدام حضوراً روسياً وازناً، وأنتج هذا الحضور موازين جديدة غيّرت في الخريطة السياسية والعسكرية. والمثال التركي واضح في سورية، والمثال الأوروبي على الطريق في ملف العلاقة بإيران، فتغير العالم وتغيرت المنطقة، والتطبيع الخليجي مع «إسرائيل» الذي كان حلماً في الماضي، ظهر عندما تحقق عاجزاً عن تحقيق الأمن المنشود لـ«إسرائيل»، وعن إطلاق تحالف عربي إسرائيلي بوجه إيران، وعن توفير الغطاء السياسي لما سمّوه بصفقة القرن التي لا يزال ينقصها التوقيع الفلسطيني، كي تصير صفقة.

– بالقلم تستطيع واشنطن أن تعلن القدس عاصمة لـ«إسرائيل»، وان تعلن اعترافها بضم «إسرائيل» للجولان، لكنها تدرك أنها لن تستطيع تحويل توقيعها إلى توقيع أممي له صفة قانونية تفيد «إسرائيل»، ولن تتمكن «إسرائيل» من توظيف التوقيع الأميركي باستخدام القوة لتهجير السوريين من الجولان والفلسطينيين من القدس، لتهويدهما، بل يزيد العبء على «إسرائيل» في حماية الأثقال الأميركية الناجمة عن إعلان سقوط زمن التفاوض والتسويات، ورد الاعتبار لمنطق صراع الوجود بدلاً من صراع الحدود، وجعل المواجهة قدراً سورياً وفلسطينياً ولبنانياً، ولو تخلّى العرب الآخرون.

– قدر العالم أن النفط والغاز اللذين يشكلان مصدر الطاقة الحيوي الأول، يرتبطان عضوياً بما يمر من مضيق هرمز، وبقدر ما تثق واشنطن أن إضعاف إيران سيضعف كل قوى المقاومة في المنطقة، تدرك أن مضيق هرمز بيد إيران، وأن إدخال العالم في أزمة طاقة ممكن، وأن هذا سيعيد واشنطن من مباراة استخدام القلم إلى ميدان لا يفيد فيه القلم، ويجب استحضار الأساطيل لمواصلة الشوط الأول. بينما تملك طهران الخيارات المفتوحة في المكان والزمان، خلافاً لظاهر التعابير العنجهية، وتترك للعالم أن يسقط الأحادية الأميركية بتعطيل مفاعيل الحصار كي لا يتسع الحصار على الحصار.

– ماذا لو بدأت إيران باعتبار كل شحنة سعودية أو إماراتية تزيد عن حصتيهما المقرّرة في منظمة أوبك مخالفة قانونية يطالها نظام العقوبات الإيراني، باعتبارها تشجيعاً لنظام العقوبات الأميركي وفعل شراكة فيه. وهذا يعني قيام إيران بالتحقق، فقط التحقق، من كل شحنات النفط الخارجة من هرمز؟ ماذا سيكون سعر برميل النفط مع أول عملية تفتيش لناقلة نفط وطلب أوراقها؟ وماذا ستفعل واشنطن؟ فهل سيمسك الرئيس دونالد ترامب قلمه العريض ويرجّه مجدداً، أم سيجرّ أساطيله نحو الوقوع في المحظور الذي أمضى رؤساء أميركا عقوداً في تفاديه، أم سيجرجر الخيبة؟ أم سيفعل ما فعله مع كوريا الشمالية مدعياً أن الحل بات قريباً؟

– إيران ليست قلقة. فهي واثقة من إمساكها بلعبة المكان والزمان، ومن أن زمن الحبر انتهى، وزمن الدم يتواصل، فعلى من يريد نصراً بلا دماء أن يستعجل الرحيل أو أن يستنجد بحلفاء يدفعون الدم بالنيابة عنه وعن «إسرائيل»، وقد استهلكا معاً قدرات حلفائهما القادرين في تنظيم القاعدة وأخواتها من سورية إلى العراق إلى اليمن؟

– حرب سورية، كما يقول مركز واشنطن للشرق الأدنى، في أحد أهدافها كانت مرصودة لتأمين بديل عن المرور بهرمز عبر أنابيب للنفط والغاز تأتي من الخليج إلى المتوسط عبر سورية بعد السيطرة عليها، لأن لا مواجهة مجدية أو ممكنة مع إيران وهي تمسك بهرمز، فهل تغير الحال؟

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Is Julian Assange An Anti Semite As Well As A Publisher?

assange.jpg

April 19, 2019  /  Gilad Atzmon

By Eve Mykytyn

The public debate around Assange has to do with government secrecy, the rights of the press and the ability of the United States to impose its laws upon a nonresident noncitizen. Why is it then that for some outlets the crucial issue is whether Assange is an anti Semite? Must every public figure undergo examination for possible anti Semitism or is this how an unrelated discourse is diverted?

The media has frequently accused Assange of anti Semitism with what seems like shaky evidence. See: The Guardian, Slate, Wired and The New York Times. The media does not credit Assange’s consistent denials, failing to treat them as even evidence of his own state of mind.

Not surprisingly, the faux left outlet The Forward gives breathless coverage to Assange’s ‘anti Semitism,’  lamenting that his anti Semitism persists “despite the fact that some of his most loyal employees and public defenders are themselves Jewish.” Actually, this fact gives weight to Assange’s claim that he is not an anti Semite.

As evidence, the Forward charges that Assange employed “the anti Semitic holocaust denier … Israel Shamir.” Shamir has denied such allegations, writing: “my family lost too many of its sons and daughters for me to deny the facts of Jewish tragedy, … I do deny the morbid cult of Holocaust.”  Whatever Shamir is, does merely employing him transfer his beliefs to Assange? Is anti Semitism, like the measles, contagious?

The editor of the British Magazine Private Eye, Ian Hislop  wrote about an alleged phone call he had with Assange based solely “as much as I could remember.”  According to Hislop, Assange said there was an “international conspiracy to smear Wikileaks… an obvious attempt to deprive him and his organisation of Jewish support and donations.”  Assange called Hislop’s story a lie, and noted that his organization has “some Jewish staff and enjoys wide spread Jewish support” and has itself been accused of working on behalf of the Mossad and George Soros.

Some of Assange’s other offenses? He called out the idiocy of those who identify as Jewish by using a triple parentheses. ((())): The WikiLeaks website’s online shop sold a t shirt with the words “first they came for Assange,” words that the Forward interprets as Assange comparing himself to a holocaust victim, apparently a comparison only permitted the children, grandchildren, nieces and nephews of a holocaust victim.

Haaretz, the ‘liberal’ Israeli outlet uses Assange’s alleged anti Semitism to join their Labour brethren in condemning Corbyn. Why? Here’s the Haaretz  headline:  “Why Jeremy Corbyn Loves Julian Assange So Much; The UK Labour leader’s kneejerk support for the Wikileaks founder is entirely predictable, as is Corbyn’s lack of response to the scent of anti-Semitism Assange exudes.”

Jeremy Corbyn called Assange a twenty-first century folk hero for exposing evidence of atrocities in Iraq and Afghanistan and has opposed his extradition. Yet Haaretz fantastically ‘discerns’ that the real reason Corbyn supports Assange is because Wikileaks published material stolen from the CIA that included 2500 files relating to cables sent by the U.S. Embassy in Israel.

Why do Israel’s supporters condemn Assange with seemingly irrelevant charges of anti Semitism?  Anti Semitism is the default argument against perceived opponents of Israel.

I suspect that the true basis of their opposition is based on Corbyn’s actual words. Assange exposed the present neocon wars for the tragic mess they are. And the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq were pushed by Israel.  As Israel seems to be leading us to the edge of a war with Iran, it hardly wants us reminded of the deadly costs of war.

By damning Assange for anti Semitism instead of grappling with the more important issues of waging neocon wars or even freedom of the press, some of Israel’s supporters can maintain their ‘leftist’ credentials  while still helping to minimize Assange’s influence.

Source: https://www.evemykytyn.com/writing/2019/4/16/is-julian-assange-an-anti-semite-as-well-as-a-publisher

Grandson of Gen. Gouraud Apologizes to the Syrians for France’s Occupation of Syria

SWEIDA, (ST)– Jean-Louis Gouraud, grandson of French General Henri Gouraud, who led the French army to occupy Syria early in the 20th century, has apologized to the Syrian people for what France had done upon its occupation of Syria, stressing that the French people are not satisfied over their government’s colonialist policies.

During a visit along with a French delegation to the monument of the martyrs of the Syrian Great Revolution and the tomb of freedom fighter Sultan Pasha al-Atrash, Louis Gouraud said “My grandfather, General Gouraud, had committed grave mistakes, but successive French governments didn’t get the lessons, rather, they continued to practice aggressive policies towards the Syrian people,” said the grandson, pointing out that “all the governments which didn’t get the lessons will find themselves obliged to apologize for the Syrian people as I am doing now.”

Louis Gouraud, an author and horse specialist, is currently visiting Syria within delegation of guests participating in activities of al-Sham International Arabian Horse Festival due to kick off activities on Tuesday and it will last for five days with notable international participation.

He stressed that “most European peoples, particularly the French , are not satisfied with the colonialist policies and wars, particularly those waged by the United States on Iraq and currently on Syria,” pointing out that several demonstrations were held in Paris to protest the French government’s interference in Syria.

“We are here to say that we are against these colonialist policies and that we apologize to the Syrian people,” he said.

“Syria has been exposed to several wars throughout history and today it is facing a war launched by terrorist gangs backed by western countries and some Arab regimes. But, we find that the country has triumphed.

On his part, Thaer al-Atrash, Grandson of Sultan Pasha al-Atrash, leader of the Great Syrian Revolution, hailed Jean-Louis Gouraud’s initiative towards the Syrian people who defended their land against the French occupation and won independence. He said that the initiative coincides with Syria’s celebration of the 73rd Evacuation Day (the evacuation of the last French occupation soldier from Syria.”

Earlier in a statement to SANA, Louis Gouraud affirmed that through visiting Syria he want to convey  a message of love from the French people to the Syrian people.

About the situation in Syria, he said that he felt happy for seeing the Syrians enjoying security and peace after eight years of war and destruction.

Hamda Mustafa

FINALLY, GUAIDO TO BE STRIPPED OF IMMUNITY; SYRIA REDUX

Image result for elliott abrams

(Photo Credit: Codepink.org) Elliott Abrams, a Zionist katsa neo-con slug has been tasked with overthrowing the legitimate president of Venezuela. This “ojete chingado” was convicted of lying to Congress back in the days of the Iran-Contra scandal and should have had his career terminated but for the fact that he is the kind of rodent loved by Washington’s neo-con cabal of murdering Zionist sociopaths.

Ziad Fadel

People are finally realizing that the situation in Venezuela is the same as that of Syria in 2011.  It is becoming increasingly clear that die-hard, entrenched Zionist neo-cons in Washington will not give up on their insane crusade to make the Zionist Apartheid State both unassailable and durable.  Maduro has taken our advice, evidently, and is studying the Syrian model closely.  The Russians, who are committed to Maduro’s survival, are also giving him advice based on the rich records they have of the war in Syria and their own involvement.  They have told him to stay put and control the streets.

In Syria, the so-called “peaceful” demonstrations were not enough to oust the sitting government in Damascus.   Dr. Assad stayed put.  The street demonstrations in both Der’ah and Homs transmogrified into a full-blown insurrection complete with Islamist fanatics, foreign mercenaries and, even direct assistance from NATO countries.  Some of you might remember the “Shpionshiffe” Merkel sent to the coastline of Turkey in order to monitor the movements of the SAA to help the terrorists to destabilize Syria.

I don’t believe the U.S. will follow that program for several reasons.  The first is that Gulf nations which had the ability to fund the arrival of tens of thousands of mercenaries to fight alongside the Syrian terrorists are no longer on speaking terms and are unlikely to try their hand again at regime change.  Both Saudi Arabia and Qatar are at odds with one another over terrorism support and relations with Iran.  The scenario in Venezuela is distant in both geography and politics.  If Elliott Abrams thinks he’s going to get a repeat of the disastrous intervention in Venezuela, he is in for a tough awakening.

Add to this the prospect of another insurrection against a sitting president when that president has the support of the Russian Federation.  Again, Abrams would be foolish not to consider again the disgraceful failure of the U.S. under Obama to effectuate a clean ouster of Dr. Assad.  It would be even more ignominious for the U.S. to fail in a country located well within the borders of the Monroe Doctrine, like Venezuela.

We must also remember that most Latin American countries are loath to invite the U.S. to invade a nation in South America.  Memories of the tragic death of Salvador Allende in Chile, with the blood-stained hands of the United States all too visible, remain a formidable disincentive for any Latin American president, even Bolsinaro, to contemplate accommodation with Washington.  Other incidents of Yanqui involvement include Cuba, Mexico and Nicaragua.  The U.S. simply cannot afford another debacle in its own backyard.  Supporting the CONTRAS was egregious enough in Nicaragua,  what with the surreptitious Iranian deal-making that brought the U.S. into international disrepute;  imagine the fallout if the U.S. were to engage the services of something like FARC to help topple President Maduro.  But, FARC is in the Maduro camp.  There is no Saudi Arabia or Qatar to finance the arrival of religious fanatics from the four corners of the world to help to unseat the legitimate president of Venezuela.  Elliott Abrams is looking into Nietsche’s darkest abyss.  And it’s staring back at him.

Maduro is clearly feeling better.  His Constituent Assembly has ordered Guaido’s immunity removed on the recommendation of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.  It is obvious the upstart Yanque stooge is going to be arrested finally for treason.  The U.S. has repeatedly warned Maduro that arresting Guaido would cross a red line.  Abrams has said it.  So has Bolton.  And so have Pence and Pompeo.  Yet, it appears the Americans have talked themselves, once again, into a corner.  With all sanctions imposed on Venezuela, what is there left for Washington to do?  Invasion?  Surgical strikes on infrastructure?  They did all that in Syria and where did that get them?  In Libya, the Americans nihilistically bombed the country into pure devastation, destroying the nation with the highest standard of living in all Africa.  Hillary Clinton, shrieked with joy after telling the world that Qaddafi was dead.  And now, the Yanquis, and their miserable frog and limey allies are trying to pick up the pieces of one of history’s most reprehensible acts of political gluttony.  The U.S. cannot afford another disaster like that.  Or can it?

Oh, Europe will be aghast at the arrest of Guaido.  The Europeans will pontificate and self-congratulate themselves for their own civility.  They will tsk-tsk at Mr. Maduro, who, just like Dr. Assad, will blow his nose at the mentally corrupt hypocrites, like Macron, May and Merkel, all of them, descendants of the European barbarians who colonized the world with their toxic philosophies of greed and rapine – the same doctrines which led to the infamous creation of that metastatic, cancerous tumor known to my readers as the Zionist Entity.

Maduro stands with the Palestinian people.  That should be reason enough for well-meaning countries to stand up and fight to keep him in power.

Note to readers:  Until the Russians sell the S-400 to Turkey and Turkey begins to receive and deploy the systems, little will happen in Syria.  There is simply a scarcity of news.  .

 

واشنطن تفتح المنطقة على كلّ الاحتمالات بما فيها الحرب

مارس 28, 2019

ناصر قنديل

– الأكيد أنّ واشنطن لا تريد الحرب ولا تقدر عليها، لكن الأكيد أنها لا تستطيع منع حدوثها كنتيجة لسياساتها، والأكيد أنّ «إسرائيل» لا تريد الحرب ولا تقدر عليها، لكن الأكيد أنّ العجز «الإسرائيلي» عن الحرب لا يوازيه إلا العجز «الإسرائيلي» عن تحمّل كلفة تسوية قابلة للحياة، كذلك فإنّ الأكيد انّ الحركة السياسية حول القضية الفلسطينية تحتمل الكثير من الفرضيات نظراً لعدم وضوح الحدود الدولية للكيان الفلسطيني، لكن الصراع بين «إسرائيل» وسورية بمرجعياتها معلوم وثابت وموثق وتشكل أميركا الشريك الرئيسي في رعاية السقف السياسي المانع لوقوع الحرب، وفقاً لمعادلة الإعتراف الأميركي بأنّ الجولان حق سوري تتمّ استعادته بالتفاوض مقابل عدم ذهاب سورية إلى الحرب، وعندما تقرّر واشنطن لأيّ سبب كان الخروج من هذه المعادلة بقول قاطع بأنّ الجولان لم يعد سورياً وأنّ التفاوض لم يعد طريقاً سالكاً لبحث مستقبله الذي حسمته واشنطن لحساب «إسرائيل»، فإنّ الحرب تصير إحدى الاحتمالات المفتوحة، والمطروحة، حتى لو لم تكن خياراً حاضراً لأيّ من الفرقاء المعنيين بقرار الحرب في المنطقة.

– الحسابات الخاطئة تقود في أحيان كثيرة إلى الحرب، وغياب السقف السياسي لإدارة الصراع ورسم الضوابط لمنع انفلاته، هو الآخر قد يكون السياق الذي تتحوّل فيه أحداث وتصادمات صغيرة إلى منصات للإنزلاق نحو الحرب، وإذا كانت التسويات بالتراضي باتت مستحيلة مع عجز واشنطن عن إقامة أيّ تسوية منفصلة عن ضمان أمن «إسرائيل»، مقابل استحالة تورّط محور المقاومة بأيّ تسوية تحقق هذا الإطمئنان لأمن «إسرائيل»، فإنّ تسويات التغاضي بما هي الإقدام على خطوات تفترض إجراء مقايضات ضمنية بين أطراف النزاع، فهي تبقى مشروطة بحسن التقدير لمعادلات المقايضات المقبولة، فعلى سبيل المثال سقط التفاهم النووي مع إيران عندما افترضت واشنطن أنه سيكون ثمناً كافياً لتوقف إيران دعمها للحسم العسكري في سورية لصالح الدولة بوجه الجماعات المسلحة، وكذلك سيسقط مشروع التسوية بالتغاضي الافتراضي إذا كان الأميركيون يعتقدون أنهم يوزعون على طرفي الصراع ما يحتاجونه، فيتركون سورية بلا ضمان انسحاب إيران وحزب الله منها، وبلا الحصول على ضمان من سورية لأمن «إسرائيل»، ويتركون لـ «إسرائيل» صكّ ملكية الجولان، والمقايضة الإفتراضية هنا قد تتحوّل بسبب سوء الحسابات إلى صاعق تفجير للحرب.

– خاضت واشنطن منذ مطلع القرن الجديد حروباً متصلة في المنطقة وهي تدرك أنها تخوض حروب زعامتها للعالم، وفشلت في تثبيت التوازنات التي سعت إليها، وهي تدرك أنّ التوازنات الناجمة عن هذه الحروب جاءت عكس ما أرادت واشنطن، وجلبت ما يتسبّب بالقلق أكثر من الحال التي كانت قبل هذه الحروب، وخرجت بالنتيجة إلى الميدان قوى كامنة صارت جزءاً من معادلات الحاضر، كحضور روسيا، وتنامي موقع إيران، وصعود قوى المقاومة، وما عاد ممكناً إعادة عقارب الساعة إلى الوراء، ولا بالإمكان أيضاً إنتاج تسويات تكرّس التوازنات، لأن ليس في واشنطن من يقدر على تسويات على حساب أمن «إسرائيل»، ولا في قيادة «إسرائيل» من يقدر على تسويات بحجم التحوّلات الجارية، ولا في محور المقاومة من يستطيع السير بتسويات تشرعن احتلال فلسطين.

– المنطقة حبلى بالثروات، وتحت ضغط انحباس كبير في فرص التسويات، والصراعات الكبرى تدق أبوابها، وفائض القوة الذي تملكه أطراف النزاع غير قابل للصرف في السياسة، وسيجد طريقه إلى ميادين الإشتباك، فتصير الحرب فرضية وربما خياراً، وربما قدراً.

– يقول البعض ما أشبه اليوم بعشية حرب العام 1973.

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US-led Genocidal War and Destruction of Socialism: 20 Years after the NATO Bombing of Yugoslavia

Global Research, March 24, 2019

The NATO war on Yugoslavia which culminated in the 78-days bombing of historic cities and infrastructures – as usual under atrocity propaganda and pretexts – is on its 20th anniversary.

The grim anniversary is admirably recognized by Science for Peace members to remember and to prevent who-knows-what NATO war crime next as “humanitarian intervention”.
From Yugoslavia to Iraq to Libya, where does it stop? Observe that Trump is now seeking a NATO alliance with Bolsonaro Brazil (see image below)  -to perhaps back the bombing of Venezuela, or any other society, including the Brazilian people, not bowing to US-led global corporate colonization. Socialist genocide is the unspeakable logic of the serial war crimes under international law.

So it is important to remember the long war of economic and financial destabilization that occurred over years before and after the bombing to destroy federal Yugoslavia’s market socialism in every workers-control and social infrastructure it had evolved after 1945 to solve the endless Balkan ethnic wars of its past history.

This larger design is taboo to state – US-led genocide of any socialist society as covert state policy. Instead ‘freedom’ and ‘human rights’ is the reverse-mask every time which is relentlessly dinned into people’s heads. In this way, again and again, the non-stop succession of US international crimes under law is covered up into the present day. So too, federal Yugoslavia, once the envy of the world in democratic social progress, was destroyed step by step. Its bonding social infrastructures were dismantled by unceasing, all-fronts US financial war in which NATO bombing in 1999 was only the most evident event of the socialist genocide.

Repressed Witness of the Killing of a Multi-Cultural Socialism

Below are excerpts from Ottawa University Professor of Economics (emeritus) Michel Chossudovsky’s long-leading analysis which provides a minimalist through-line of the effectively genocidal war against all not-for-profit institutions of a socialist society in which Yugoslavia is a paradigm case. The selected text excerpts below are from Michel Chossudovsky’s 1996 article  (updated in 2002) published as a chapter in The Globalization of Poverty and the New World Order, Global Research, Montreal, 2003.

“As heavily-armed US and NATO troops enforced the peace in Bosnia, the press and politicians alike portrayed Western intervention in the former Yugoslavia as a noble response to an outbreak of ethnic massacres and human rights violations. In the wake of the November 1995 Dayton peace accords, the West was eager to touch up its self-portrait as savior of the Southern Slavs and get on with “the work of rebuilding” the newly ‘sovereign states.’

“But following a pattern set early on, the plight of the Balkans was promoted as the outcome of deep-seated ethnic and religious tensions rooted in history.1 Likewise, much was made of the “Balkans power-play” and the clash of political personalities: “Tudjman and Milosevic are tearing Bosnia-Herzegovina to pieces.

“Lost in the barrage of images and self-serving analyses are the economic and social causes of the conflict. The deep-seated economic crisis which preceded the civil war had long been forgotten. The strategic interests of Germany and the US in laying the groundwork for the disintegration of Yugoslavia go unmentioned, as does the role of external creditors and international financial institutions. In the eyes of the global media, Western powers bear no responsibility for the impoverishment and destruction of a nation of 24 million people. Thus Yugoslavia’s war-ravaged successor states are left to the mercies of the international ‘financial community’.

“As the world focused on troop movements and cease-fires, the international financial institutions were busily collecting former Yugoslavia’s external debt from its remnant states, while transforming the Balkans into a safe-haven for free enterprise. With a Bosnian peace settlement holding under NATO guns, the West had in late 1995 unveiled a “reconstruction” program that stripped that brutalized country of sovereignty to a degree not seen in Europe since the end of World War II.

The Genocide of Market Socialism

“The new ‘Constitution’ included as an Appendix to the Dayton Accords handed the reins of economic policy over to the Bretton Woods institutions and the London based European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). The IMF was empowered to appoint the first governor of the Bosnian Central Bank, who, like the High Representative, ‘shall not be a citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina or a neighboring State. … it may not extend credit by creating money, operating in this respect as a currency board.’

“While the Central Bank was in IMF custody, the London-based EBRD heads the Commission on Public Corporations, which supervises since 1996, operations of all public sector enterprises in Bosnia, including energy, water, postal services, telecommunications, and transportation. The EBRD president appoints the commission chair and is in charge of public sector restructuring, i.e., the sell-off of state- and socially-owned assets and the procurement of long-term investment funds. Western creditors explicitly created the EBRD ‘to give a distinctively political dimension to lending.’

“As the West proclaimed its support for democracy, actual political power rests in the hands of a parallel Bosnian ‘state’ whose executive positions are held by non-citizens. Western creditors have embedded their interests in a constitution hastily written on their behalf. The neocolonization of Bosnia was a logical step of Western efforts to undo Yugoslavia’s experiment in ‘market socialism’ and workers’ self-management and to impose the dictate of the ‘free market’.

Yugoslavia’s Success before System Destabilization by US Financial War

“Multi-ethnic, socialist Yugoslavia was once a regional industrial power and economic success. In the two decades before 1980, annual gross domestic product (GDP) growth averaged 6.1 percent, medical care was free, the rate of literacy was 91 percent, and life expectancy was 72 years.11. But after a decade of Western economic ministrations and a decade of disintegration, war, boycott, and embargo, the economies of the former Yugoslavia were prostrate, their industrial sectors dismantled.

“Despite Belgrade’s non-alignment and its extensive trading relations with the European Community and the US, the Reagan administration had targeted the Yugoslav economy in a “Secret Sensitive” 1984 National Security Decision Directive (NSDD 133) entitled “US Policy towards Yugoslavia.” A censored version declassified in 1990 elaborated on NSDD 64 on Eastern Europe, issued in 1982. The latter advocated “expanded efforts to promote a ‘quiet revolution’ to overthrow Communist governments and parties,” while reintegrating the countries of Eastern Europe into a market-oriented economy.

“The US had earlier joined Belgrade’s other international creditors in imposing a first round of macroeconomics reform in 1980, shortly before the death of Marshall Tito. That initial round of restructuring set the pattern.

“Secessionist tendencies feeding on social and ethnic divisions, gained impetus precisely during a period of brutal impoverishment of the Yugoslav population. The economic reforms “wreaked economic and political havoc… Slower growth, the accumulation of foreign debt and especially the cost of servicing it as well as devaluation led to a fall in the standard of living of the average Yugoslav… The economic crisis threatened political stability … it also threatened to aggravate simmering ethnic tensions”.

“These reforms accompanied by the signing of debt restructuring agreements with the official and commercial creditors also served to weaken the institutions of the federal State creating political divisions between Belgrade and the governments of the Republics and Autonomous Provinces. A Reaganomics arsenal ruled. And throughout the 1980s, the IMF and World Bank periodically prescribed further doses as the Yugoslav economy slowly lapsed into a coma.

“From the outset, successive IMF sponsored programs hastened the disintegration of the Yugoslav industrial sector, lunging to zero in 1987-88 and to a negative 10 percent growth rate by 1990.15 This process was accompanied by the piecemeal dismantling of the Yugoslav welfare state, with all the predictable social consequences. Debt restructuring agreements, meanwhile, increased foreign debt, and a mandated currency devaluation also hit hard at Yugoslavs’ standard of living.

“Shock therapy” began in January 1990. Although inflation had eaten away at earnings, the IMF ordered that wages be frozen at their mid November 1989 levels. Prices continued to rise unabated, and real wages collapsed by 41 percent in the first six months of 1990 .17

“The IMF also effectively controlled the Yugoslav central bank. Its tight money policy further crippled the country’s ability to finance its economic and social programs. State revenues that should have gone as transfer payments to the republics went instead to service Belgrade’s debt with the Paris and London clubs. The republics were largely left to their own devices. The economic package was launched in January 1990 under an IMF Stand-by Arrangement (SBA) and a World Bank Structural Adjustment Loan (SAL II). The budget cuts requiring the redirection of federal revenues towards debt servicing, were conducive to the suspension of transfer payments by Belgrade to the governments of the Republics and Autonomous Provinces.

“In one fell swoop, the reformers had engineered the final collapse of Yugoslavia’s federal fiscal structure and mortally wounded its federal political institutions. By cutting the financial arteries between Belgrade and the republics, the reforms fueled secessionist tendencies that fed on economic factors as well as ethnic divisions, virtually ensuring the de facto secession of the republics. The IMF-induced budgetary crisis created an economic fait accompli that paved the way for Croatia’s and Slovenia’s formal secession in June 1991.

Crushed by the Invisible Hand

“The reforms demanded by Belgrade’s creditors also struck at the heart of Yugoslavia’s system of socially-owned and worker-managed enterprises. By 1990, the annual rate of growth of GDP had collapsed to -7.5 percent. In 1991, GDP declined by a further 15 percent, industrial output collapsed by 21 percent.19

“The restructuring program demanded by Belgrade’s creditors was intended to abrogate the system of socially owned enterprises. The Enterprise Law of 1989 required abolishing the “Basic Organizations of Associated Labor (BAOL)”. The latter were socially-owned productive units under self-management with the Workers’ Council constituting the main decision making body. The 1989 Enterprise Law required the transformation of the BOALs into private capitalist enterprises with the Worker’s Council replaced by a so-called “Social Board” under the control of the enterprise’s owners including its creditors.20

“The assault on the socialist economy also included a new banking law designed to trigger the liquidation of the socially-owned Associated Banks. Within two years, more than half the country’s banks had vanished, to be replaced by newly-formed “independent profit-oriented institutions.” 24 By 1990, the entire “three-tier banking system” consisting of the National Bank of Yugoslavia, the national banks of the eight Republics and autonomous provinces and the commercial banks had been dismantled under the guidance of the World Bank. A Federal Agency for Insurance and Bank Rehabilitation was established in June 1990 with a mandate to restructure and “reprivatize” restructured banks under World Bank supervision.25

“In less than two years the World Bank’s so-called “trigger mechanism” (under the Financial Operations Act) had led to the lay off of 614,000 (out of a total industrial workforce of the order of 2.7 million). The largest concentrations of bankrupt firms and lay-offs were in Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia and Kosovo.

“Many socially owned enterprises attempted to avoid bankruptcy through the non payment of wages. Half a million workers representing some 20 percent of the industrial labor force were not paid during the early months of 1990, in order to meet the demands of creditors under the “settlement” procedures stipulated in the Law on Financial Organizations. Real earnings were in a free fall, social programs had collapsed, with the bankruptcies of industrial enterprises, unemployment had become rampant, creating within the population an atmosphere of social despair and hopelessness

Shock Therapy to Take Over Natural Resources

“In the wake of the November 1995 Dayton Accords, Western creditors turned their attention to Yugoslavia’s “successor states”. Yugoslavia’s foreign debt had been carefully divided and allocated to the successor republics, which were strangled in separate debt rescheduling and structural adjustment agreements.46

“The consensus among donors and international agencies was that past IMF macroeconomics reforms inflicted on federal Yugoslavia had not quite met their goal and further shock therapy was required to restore “economic health” to Yugoslavia’s successor states. – – The neocolonial administration imposed under the Dayton accords and supported by NATO’s firepower had ensured that Bosnia’s future would be determined in Washington, Bonn, and Brussels rather than in Sarajevo.

“Western governments and corporations showed most interest in gaining access to strategic natural resources. With the discovery of energy reserves in the region, the partition of Bosnia between the Federation of Bosnia- Herzegovina and the Bosnian-Serb Republika Srpska under the Dayton Accords has taken on new strategic importance. Documents in the hands of Croatia and the Bosnian Serbs indicate that coal and oil deposits have been identified on the eastern slope of the Dinarides Thrust, retaken from Krajina Serbs by the US-backed Croatian army in the final offensives before the Dayton accords. Bosnian officials had reported that Chicago-based Amoco was among several foreign firms that subsequently initiated exploratory surveys in Bosnia.

“Substantial” petroleum fields also lie “in the Serb-held part of Croatia” just across the Sava River from Tuzla, the headquarters for the US military zone.55 Exploration operations went on during the war, but the World Bank and the multinationals that conducted the operations kept local governments in the dark, presumably to prevent them from acting to grab potentially valuable areas. 56

“With their attention devoted to debt repayment and potential energy bonanzas, both the US and Germany have devoted their efforts –with 70,000 NATO troops on hand to “enforce the peace – – – “.

History repeats itself in patterns not events.

The pattern of criminal US destabilization and destruction of social states to loot them of their sovereign resources is the unseen history of the last century of the world.

Yugoslavia provides the cornerstone example since the Nazis inside Europe with Ukraine taken down since in the same pattern still taboo to see.

US-led NATO is the transnational war machine of the world devouring all public wealth it can extort to terrorize all into conformity to the global-carcinomic regime. The NATO that bombed Yugoslavia 20 years ago and Iraq and Libya since is also the greatest polluter, waster, and destroyer of the global environment beneath all notice of it.

The US-NATO borderless armed-force maw invisibly leads the climate chaos upon us across continents. It is the greatest rising carbon spewer of all time, but not once mentioned even by the UN International Panel on Climate Change.

The US-led post-Nazi incubus of NATO may be the most wasteful black-hole despoliation of the earth and its future possibility ever, with oil its blood and mass-killing its method. Yet the official world remains blind to it in “we did not know” sanctimony and accusation all life resistance as the problem.

The twentieth anniversary of the US-led NATO bombing of Yugoslavia as NATO ‘humanitarian intervention’ should be a tragic self-recognition for the ages.


In this expanded and updated edition of Chossudovsky’s international best-seller, the author outlines the contours of a New World Order which feeds on human poverty and the destruction of the environment, generates social apartheid, encourages racism and ethnic strife and undermines the rights of women. The result as his detailed examples from all parts of the world show so convincingly, is a globalization of poverty.

Click to order Michel Chossudovsky’s Book directly from Global Research

 

This book is a skillful combination of lucid explanation and cogently argued critique of the fundamental directions in which our world is moving financially and economically.

In this new enlarged edition – which includes ten new chapters and a new introduction — the author reviews the causes and consequences of famine in Sub-Saharan Africa, the dramatic meltdown of financial markets, the demise of State social programs and the devastation resulting from corporate downsizing and trade liberalisation.

The original source of this article is Global Research

Hellbent: 78 Days of Bombing Yugoslavia

March 23, 2019

Yemen: «Wearing a School Uniform Is No Longer a Dream»

By OCHA

In Yemen, 24 million people need humanitarian assistance and protection. Of them, 17.8 million people lack access to safe water and sanitation. As a result, people are resorting to unimproved water sources and lack adequate sanitation. This increases the risk of diarrheal disease, which in turn leads to deteriorating nutritional status and, in some cases, greater risk of death. Although trucked or bottled water may offer relatively safer water sources, prices have risen considerably – up to 45 per cent in some areas.  

But not having access to clean water impacts not just people’s health, but their ability to lead a normal life. Rashad, a villager Najd Al-Barad, tells us that his village had seen many instances where women had to leave the house to bring water for their family, often leaving babies unattended. Because the journey is often very long, they would come back to find that their babies had passed away. Similarly, young children are often forced to help their parents carry clean water and every day, and as a result they often miss school.

The Yemen Humanitarian Fund (YHF) has been providing vital funds to local partners to bring clean water to local communities. On World Water Day, Amani and Abdullah’s story tell us how access to clean water can be truly life-changing.

Amani’s story

Amani [1] is a 9-year old girl from a marginalized group living in Shareef, a village of Alzubia which has been hit by drought most of the year and is far away from the nearest water well. People use donkeys or travel long distances on foot to fetch water.

Amani told us how she would feel sad seeing young girls wearing school clothes and laughing on their way to school while she was walking long distances with her daily companion, the family donkey, to look for water: “If my family did not need me to collect water every day, I could go to school and prove that marginalized people can study and succeed like the rest of the children”.

But things for Amani have changed. Her village was one of those selected by Al-Atta for Relief & Development (ARD), a Yemen-based development association, to be equipped with water networks thanks to funding from the YHF. A representative from ARD explained to Amani that the project would bring water to the village and promised her to help her enroll in school despite her late age. Amani was shocked and did not believe this was possible.

During the project implementation, ARD staff got in touch with Amani’s family and the village school, and they were able to persuade the school to accept her as a regular student. Amani is now studying in the first grade and no longer dreams of wearing school uniform and going with her classmates on the school road. Now her dream is to continue studying as a doctor in the future to prove that marginalized girls can do just as well as other girls.

Abdullah’s story

“My wife and children used to spend most of the day going back and forth carrying heavy buckets and jerry cans filled with water on their heads or on our poor donkey”, Abdullah [2], 50 years-old and father of nine children, told us. He lives in the Najd Al-Barad village, Al-Maqatera district of Lahj governorate, and they did not have direct access to clean, potable water.

“My children could not go to school because they were too busy helping us bring water to our house for our basic needs”. Because men would be busy working most of the day or in other governorates looking for job opportunities, women and children would be the ones carry the burden of walking about three-hours distance to bring the water. Things changed with the intervention of Nahda Makers Organization (NMO), a humanitarian organization operating in Yemen.

The village of Najd Al-Barad, where Mr. Rashad and Mr. Abdullah live, was one of the areas where NMO, with funding from the YHF, rehabilitated water systems. NMO replaced the old submersible pump, rebuilt the diesel generator and provided all needed equipment to restore the network. Most importantly, NMO established a community water committee and trained its members to manage, operate, and maintain their water supply scheme to ensure the sustainability of the project.

Now, more than 13,000 people have direct access to water. “Finally, the water reaches my house and all of my children go to school”, Mr Abdullah told us. “The water reaches most of the villages in Najd Al-Barad and the people can now go on with their lives without worrying about going back and forth from one village to another in order to fill a 10-litre jerrycan”.

[1] [2] Names have been changed.

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