Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine (12- 18 November 2020)

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12 – 18 November 2020

  • In 101 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 77 civilians arrested, including 5 children
  • Annexation and settlement expansion: Israel issues calls for tenders for the construction of 1,365 settlement units
  • IOF demolished 5 houses and confiscated 6 tractors; several establishments in the West Bank and East Jerusalem served demolition notices
  • Settler-attacks: settlers steal 20 sheep in Ramallah and assault a child in Hebron
  • IOF established 80 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 16 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, the Israeli Ministry of Construction and Housing and the Israel Lands Authority issued a call for tenders for construction of 1,257 settlement units in “Givat Hamatos” settlement, which was established on the lands of Beit Safafa village, southern occupied East Jerusalem. These units would connect “Gilo” and “Har Homa” settlements with “Talpiot” settlement.

The construction of these settlement units would seal off Bethlehem from Beit Safafa village and southern occupied East Jerusalem and will entail further restrictions and obstacles on Palestinians’ freedom of movement and access to their lands.

This Israeli bidding was released 4 days after Israel’s approval to construct 108 settlement units in “Ramat Shlomo” settlement, northern occupied East Jerusalem. With these two bids, Israel is resuming construction in two settlements, where expansion efforts were frozen in 2014 due to international pressures. These tenders coincide with escalated IOF demolition and confiscation of Palestinian properties and lands, particularly in Area “C” in the West Bank.

PCHR fears that Israeli intends to accelerate settlement expansion before President-elect Joe Biden assumes US presidency on 20 January 2021, as it is reported that Israel plans to approve the construction of at least 13,000 settlement units in occupied East Jerusalem.

This week, PCHR documented 215 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

Twelve Palestinian civilians, including 2 children, sustained wounds in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank: 6 were wounded, including one child who lost sight in his eye due to his injury, in an IOF raid into Qalandiya refugee camp in Jerusalem; 3 others sustained wounds in IOF raid into Qaddura refugee camp in Ramallah; and 2 others, including 1 child, in IOF suppression of Kafr Qaddoum’s weekly protest against settlement expansion activities; and a photojournalist was wounded while covering clashed in Hebron.

In the Gaza Strip, 4 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip, and once against fishing boats, western Gaza. Israeli war planes launched an airstrike on a vacant land in eastern Rafah.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 101 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 77 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children. In Gaza, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Khan Younis.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 15 incidents, including:

  • Bethlehem: house foundations, a retaining wall and concrete floor demolished in Beit Jala; one house and heritage sites razed, as well as a retaining wall and farm road in al-Walaja ; tractor confiscated in Tuqu’; and an agricultural barracks, a house, and a water well demolished in Artas.
  • Tubas: 5 tractors and excavator confiscated; room and pool demolished; a tin-plated barracks that is used for shelter was dismantled in the northern Jordan valleys.
  • East Jerusalem: call for tenders for the construction of hundreds of settlement units; 4 commercial barracks demolished and 2 houses self-demolished in Jabel Mukaber
  • Hebron: settlement road constructed, and 8 demolition notices served in Yatta.
  • Nablus: an under-construction facility was demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented two settler-violence incidents: 20 sheep stolen from north-eastern Ramallah; and a child was assaulted in Hebron.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 02:20 on Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF backed my military vehicles moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah.  They stationed in Wadi al-Sheikh area, where the soldiers deployed between the neighborhoods.  Some of them raided Mo’atasem Zibar’s (22) house while dozens of Palestinian young men gathered to throw stones at the IOF infantry forces.  The soldiers fired sound bombs and teargas canisters randomly at the stone-throwers and between houses.  As a result, some stone-throwers suffocated.  The clashes continued until 04:30 when IOF withdrew and deliberately collided Najjab al-Barghouthi’s black Ford car that was parked on the roadside, causing damage to the backside of it.

Over the last few days, Kobar has witnessed several house raids and incursions by the IOF that included searches of Zibar family houses and others. Many members of the family were detained and arrested to put pressure on former prisoner Raed Yousif Zibar to surrender himself. It should be noted that Mo’atasem is the former prisoner’s nephew.

  • At approximately 07:00, IOF attacked an elderly man, Mohammed ‘Abdel Hamid Jaber Sleibi (74), from Beit Ummar, north of Hebron, when he was with his daughters in their land in Wadi Abu al-Rish in western Beit Ummar to harvest olives.  As a result, he sustained bruises.

Sleibi said to PCHR fieldworker that:

“I went in the morning with my daughters to my land in Wad Abu al-Rish area in western Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, to harvest olives. As my land is located near Beit Ein settlement that was established in the 1980s, it has always been subject to settlers’ continuous attacks.  Around half an hour after arriving, 4 IOF soldiers approached and ordered us to leave.  I told them that I would call the Israeli Military Liaison to inform them about my presence in the land.  One of the soldiers then came to push me and I fell on the ground.  He started beating me with riffles’ butts on my right side.  My daughters ran to me and started screaming at the soldiers, who insisted we leave the land.  we went back home but I felt pain in my right side.  Later, I filed a complaint to the Israeli police about what happened.”

  • At approximately 13:20, IOF stationed inside the Israel-Gaza border, eastern Khan Younis, opened fire at the agricultural lands and bird hunters in eastern Khuza’a adjacent to the border.  No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Ramallah towards Qaddura Refugee Camp in the city center.  IOF stationed at the entrance to the camp and patrolled the streets.  A number of Palestinian young men gathered to throw stones at the soldiers, who chased them and started shooting live bullets and firing teargas canisters.  As a result, 3 civilians sustained bullet injuries in the lower extremities and were taken by a Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS) ambulance to Palestine Medical Complex in the City.  IOF later withdrew from the city, and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00, villagers from Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus, and representatives of the National Action Factions in Nablus organized a peaceful protest, which started from the village council heading to the lands under threat of confiscation east of the village.  The protesters raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers, annexation wall and the Deal of Century.  When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. IOF suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF stationed inside the Gaza-Israel border fence, east of al-Bureij, central Gaza Strip, opened fire at the agricultural lands.  No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area and clashed with them, firing live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a 17-year-old child was injured with teargas canister in the waist, and another 18-year-old was injured with a teargas canister in the head.
  • At approximately 13:00, Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyah area in central Hebron and threw stones and empty bottles at the checkpoint, known as Checkpoint 56 and established at the entrance to the closed Shuhadaa’ Street leading to Tel Rumeida area. IOF stepped out of their vehicles and stationed behind cement cubes, firing teargas canisters randomly in the area.  They chased the stone-throwers on Wad al-Tofah Street and the area near Mahrouqat Hassounah Court.  As a result, a photojournalist, Hazem Jamil Ragheb Bader, was injured with a sound bomb in the right leg and treated on the spot by another journalist, who was present to cover the events.  Bader was then taken in his car to al-Ahli Hospital, where it was found that the injury caused a calf muscle tear. The clashes continued until 16:00; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 16:20, Palestinian young men gathered at the northern entrance to al-Bireh.  Some of them approached al-Mahkamah Military Checkpoint established near “Beit El” settlement, north of al-Bireh and threw stones at the checkpoint.  The soldiers chased the stone-throwers and fired teargas canisters and sound bombs at them.  As a result, a number of them suffocated due to teargas inhalation. The clashes continued until 18:00, but no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:15 on Saturday, 14 November 2020, IOF gunboats stationed off al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, sporadically opened heavy fire at them, causing fear and panic among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 05:00 on Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF warplanes launched 4 missiles at a vacant land near the area where the former Gaza International airport was located, eastern al-Shokah village, east of Rafah. no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF stationed adjacent to the annexation wall established on al-Midya village lands, west of Ramallah, randomly fired teargas canisters and sound bombs at the Palestinian workers, who were trying to enter Israel for work.  As a result, 2 civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 18:30 on Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF stationed inside the Gaza-Israel border fence, east of al-Maghazi, central Gaza Strip, opened fire at the agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:00, an IOF infantry unit moved into al-Thaher area, south of Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, where “Karmei Tzur” settlement is established on the Palestinian lands.  IOF soldiers deployed in the agricultural lands and when they approached houses, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones.  The soldiers chased the young men and fired teargas canisters and sound bombs randomly at them.  As a result, some of the young men suffocated due to teargas inhalation while IOF arrested Aysar Mohammed Za’aqiq (17) and took him to the IOF camp in the settlement.
  • At approximately 13:30 on Tuesday, 17 November 2020, large numbers of Israeli forces stormed Kafr ‘Aqab village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They stationed along Jerusalem – Ramallah Road, adjacent to Qalandiya refugee camp, set military checkpoints, checked civilians’ ID cards, deployed the village neighborhoods, and gave fines to the passersby, who do not wear face masks. Large numbers of Israeli soldiers raided commercial shops and imposed big fines on their owners, alleging that they did not commit with the Israeli government instruction to combat the outbreak of corona virus. In the meantime, young men gathered at the entrance to Qalandiya refugee camp and threw stones, fireworks, and Molotov Cocktails at IOF, causing the injury of one Israeli soldier. An Israeli force immediately stormed the camp and fired live ammunition, rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors and clashed with civilians for 2 hours. As a result, the window shield of 9 vehicles was smashed. Furthermore, 6 civilians, including a child, were shot with rubber bullets. They were transferred to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah. The child was directly shot in his eye with a rubber bullet, and he lost sight as a result of that. Dozens of civilians also suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. The wounded civilians were identified as: Bashar Ahmed Elian Hamad (16), Yusuf Mohammed Taha Abu Latifa, Mohammed Fayez Ya’qoub, Mohammed Sami Mtair, Mahmoud Khalid Hamad, and Jadallah Husam Obeid.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Wednesday, 18 November 2020, IOF stationed inside the Gaza-Israel border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at the agricultural lands, east of al-Fukhari town, adjacent to the fence.  No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:30, IOF backed by military vehicles stormed Tuba village in Masafer Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers searched civilians’ houses. In the meantime, Ahmed Omer Mohammed Jendiyah (27), a volunteer at the Israeli Information Center for Human Right in the Occupied Territory, arrived at the scene to document the incident. Israeli soldiers attacked him by heavily beating him. They pushed him into the ground and confiscated his camera. Half an hour later, the soldiers returned the camera to Ahmed and ordered him to leave the area.
  • At approximately 14:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in al-Tawil Mountain area, east of al-Birah. They threw stones at the Israeli checkpoint established near “Psagot” settlement, which is established on lands, east of the city. Israeli soldiers chased stone-throwers in the area and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.

II. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 12 November 2020:

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Abdullah Bassam Abu Ghannam (21) and Hasan Yasin Hmaidi (19) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Abdul Aziz Mutair (21) and Anas Shaher al-Khatib (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:50, IOF moved into Nur Shams refugee camp in Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Samer Mahmoud Jaber (21).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Majed Salem Abu Zahra’s (36) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Nablus. North of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Obada Saher Abu Sir (21).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Saf street and al-Fawaghera neighborhood in Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Emad Ali al-Harimi (19) and Jebril Khalil Kawazba (25) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beita village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ayoub Riyad Bani Shamasnah (23).
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested ‘Areen Haitham al-Za’aneen (25), from Wadi al-Juz, while present near al-Asbat Gate area in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and took him to al-Qishla investigation center. The following evening, IOF released him with a 1-week bn on entry to al-Aqsa Mosque and order to return for investigation after this period. It should be noted that Za’aneen is a paramedic in the Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS) and a former prisoner who was released less than a month ago.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into al-Sharea al-Jadid area in al-Tur neighborhood, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Abdul Rahman Eyad al-Hidra’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Sa’ir and Samu in Hebron governorate; Jenin and Beit Dajan, northeast of Nablus; Jayyous, north of Qalqiliya; and Azun, east of Qalqiliya. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 13 November 2020:

  • At approximately 03:20, IOF moved into Askar refugee camp, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Nahed al-Nadi (25).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Jayyous village, northeast of Qaqiliya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Yazeed Jehad Slim (21).
  • At approximately 11:43, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They arrested ‘Aqeel Es’eed ‘Afif Moqbel (19), from the abovementioned village, and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF detained Mo’ath Abu ‘Arafa (32), after going out of the Aqsa Mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in al- Qishla police station on the next Sunday.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the main street between Nablus and Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They arrested Ra’ed Mohammed Qar’an (25), from Qalqilya.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Hableh village, south of Qalqilya, south of the West Bank. They arrested Fahmi Khaled ‘Attal (17), from the abovementioned village.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed at al-Zaytouna military checkpoint, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Omar Hasan Nofal, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 18:45, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Bizzariya village, northwest of Nablus. They arrested Waleed Issam Asfour (26), from Nour Shams refugee camp, east of Tulkarm. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Silwad, east of Ramallah governorate; and Salim village, northeast of Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 14 November 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Alaa’ Mahmoud Younis Thawabta’s (19) house and arrested him. At approximately 16:00, IOF stormed the house again and arrested his brother, ‘Ammar (15).
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF arrested one of the Palestinian National Security Forces’ soldiers, Monjed Salama Debis (23), while passing through a temporary military checkpoint established on the entrance of Beit Jala village. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Burin, southeast of Nablus; Arraba, southwest of Jenin; al- Dhahiriya, Beit Ummar, and Edhna villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 15 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in Wad al-Hareya area. They raided and searched Anas Hatem Qfaisha’s (29) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched Ameer Sa’eed Abu Hadid’s (34) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the road that connected Nablus with villages located to the southeast of Nablus. They arrested Mahmoud Saleem Yamien (45), from Nablus, and took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Dura and al-Dhahiriya in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 16 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Wadi Qadum neighborhood in Silwan, southeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Obada Nidal Dandis’s (25) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Obada is a former prisoner who spent 50-months in the Israeli prisons and released in 2018.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahl village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Osaid Sabri al-Zuhour (29), and Izz al-Dein Ibrahim Shihada (30).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron and stationed near the UNRWA distribution center. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Basem Haitham al-Badawi (17), and Waleed Abdul Latif Jawabra (25).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Sa’ir village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mousa Shaker Jabarin’s house and arrested his two sons: Wael (32) and Mohammed (28).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Haitham Nasim Khwais (20), Ameer Maher Abu Jom’a (25), and Fareed Eyad Abu al-Hawa (19).
  • At approximately 04:30, a group of Mista’arvim (Israeli Special Unit dressed like Palestinians) sneaked into Kobar village, north of Ramallah governorate. They used a white vehicle with a Palestinian registration plate and holding the name of “Brothers Transportation” and stationed at the main roundabout in the center of the village. Meanwhile, 8 Israeli military vehicles stormed to provide protection to the Special Units; they surrounded, raided and searched Mo’taz Mohammed Mahmoud Zibar (26) and Yehya Hussam al-Barghouthi’s (32) houses, and arrested them.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into ‘Anata village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Mousa Jamal Salama (23), Yousef (21) and his brother Mohammed Mahmoud Hilwa (24).
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed at the entrance of Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, arrested Baha’ Bassam al-‘Allami (18), and Mahmoud Ahmed al-‘Allami (18), while present near the military watchtower, claiming that they were throwing stones at the tower. IOF took them to the detention center of “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed at Inab military checkpoint, east of Tulkarm, arrested Samir Raja Ahmed al-Khateeb (31), from al-Far’a refugee camp, south of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, arrested Mahmoud Hammad Shraiteh (43), from Yatta in Hebron governorate, while passing through the checkpoint. He was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF arrested the deputy mayor of al-Izariya village, Mohammed Hasan Mattar (41), while passing through a military checkpoint on the entrance of the abovementioned village. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

Tuesday, 17 November 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Sa’ir, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Khalil Sa’eed al-Faroukh’s (27) house in the center of the village and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Jaba’ village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nayef Khalil Khamamera (38).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Birzeit village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ya’ad Abu Ayyash (21), a student at Birzeit University, and Yousef Mousa Hosha (57).
  • At approximately 02:35, IOF moved into Deir al-Hatab village, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mahmoud Abdullah al-Namrouti’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:45, IOF moved into ‘Askar refugee camp, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Mohammed Ashraf Azmi al-‘Ashibi’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into al-Masaken al-Sha’biya neighborhood, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Mohammed Omar Hashash’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Akram Mo’een Johar’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Karkafa area in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Abdul Rahim Faraj Salhab’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians; Majd Marwan Dari (19), Mohammed Emad Dari (19), Wadea’ Tawfiq Abu al-Hums (27), and Mahmoud Omar Ghrayyeb (28).
  • At approximately 07:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and bulldozers moved 100-meters to the east of al-Fukhary village, east of Khan Younis. They leveled and combed lands along the border fence then redeployed after hours.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF stationed at the Container military checkpoint, north of Bethlehem, arrested Mahmoud Hammad Shraiteh (21), from al-Karmel area in Yatta, south of Hebron governorate, while heading to Ramallah.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF stormed and searched one of the stores in Qalandiya refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem, and arrested Ibrahim (36) and his brother Abdullah al-Mallah (30).
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Bab al-Asbat road in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched As’ad Ali ‘Ajaj’s (44) house and arrested him.

Ali Ajaj, the detainee’s father, said that he was surprised to see huge numbers of the Israeli soldiers storming his house without knowing the reason. They searched the house and the ID cards of all the people in the house and then took his son, As’ad, to an investigation center. It should be noted that As’ad ‘Ajaj was banned from entering al-Aqsa Mosque for 6 months, and he was detained several times from inside the mosque.

  • At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohannad Naser Mahmoud’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF severely beaten and arrested Naseem Harbi Obaid (23), while present near al-Arba’in Mosque in the center of the Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. He was taken to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Sanur, southeast of Jenin; Yatta and Tarqumiyah villages in Hebron governorate; and al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 18 November 2020:

  • At approximately 12:30, IOF moved into Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Yehya Jamal Sowah (20), Rami Samir Abu Samra (35), and Abdullah Khader Rasras (35).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Tulkarm refugee camp, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Adnan Ahmed Khader al-Hosari (53).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hamada Mohammed Sarahna (17), and the policeman in the Palestinian Police Services, Mahmoud Abdul Karim Hamash (35), and arrested them. It should be noted that Hamash was a former prisoner who spent a year and half under the administrative detention in al-Naqab al-Sahrawi prisons “Ktsi’ot” and released in April 2019.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm refugee camp, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mathna Fo’ad Raba’ (24), from Jabal Abu Taqa in Tulkarm.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Nasib Mohammed Obaid’s (48) house and arrested his son, Mohammed (20).
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed at Mavi Dutan military checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Mahmoud Mohammed Nazzal (22), from Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. He was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, arrested Ala’ Omar Zakarna (21), from Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. He was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:30, IOF arrested 2 Palestinians while referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem after summonsing them. The arrestees are: Ra’ed Khalil al-‘Amour (42) and Maher Nabil Tarawa (29), from Taqu’, east of Bethlehem.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Sebastiya, northwest of Nablus; Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin; and Beit Rima, northwest of Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • On Thursday morning, 12 November 2020, Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished a house foundation, a retaining wall, and a concrete floor in Beit Jala, under the pretext of building without a license. Hasan Brijiyah, Head of the Popular Anti-Settlement Committee in Bethlehem, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that a number of Israeli bulldozers stormed Beit Jala amid tight security measures and started demolishing foundations of Nicolas Awad’s under-construction house in Beir Ounah neighborhood. IOF also demolished a retaining wall and a concrete land owned by Monther al-Walaji in al-Jadawel area in the center of Beit Jala.
  • At approximately 06:00 on the same Thursday, IOF demolished a house and a number of archeological remains and retaining walls. IOF also leveled an agricultural land in Ein al-Juweizah are, northeast of al-Walaja, northwest of Bethlehem, under the pretext of building without licensing.

Khader al-A’raj, Head of al-Walaja Village Council, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that an Israeli force accompanied with a bulldozer stormed Ein neighborhood, northeast of the village, and demolished an under-construction house and retaining wall owned by Mohammed Abu al-Haija under the pretext of building without a license. Al-A’raj clarified that IOF demolished Abu al-Haija house that is built on (120sqm) for the third consecutive time. He added that IOF demolished 2 archeological remains, that were previously restored, owned by Abu al-Tin family. IOF also demolished an agricultural road that lead to Khelat al-Hour area; the road is used by farmers to reach their lands. For years, al-Walaja village is subjected to recurrent attacks by settlers represented in demolishing dozens of houses and handing demolition and halt the work notifications and leveling lands and retaining wall in favor of settlement expansion. It should be noted that Ein al-Weijah area is one of the areas that are mostly targeted with demolition processes under the pretext of non-licensing as the Israeli municipality in occupied Jerusalem considers the land affiliated to it and it prevent construction in it. Therefore, half of the area residences are threatened to be expelled out of their houses.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Friday13 November 2020, Israeli authorities started paving a settlement road that is A new settlement road that extends from the Bypass Road (60) through civilians’ lands in Ma’in village, and reaches Avigal settlement established on Palestinian confiscated lands, east of Yatta, south of  Hebron. The lands are owned to al-Hamamdah family. IOF imposed severe restrictions on civilians, which prevent them from using or reclaiming it under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C) as work in it requires a previous permit from the Israeli Civil Administration Office that do not allow civilians to use or retrieve their lands.
  •  On Friday evening, 13 November 2020, IOF sized an agricultural tractor and forced its owner to leave his land in Tuqu village, east of Bethlehem at gunpoint. 

Tayseer Abu Mefreh, Head of Tuqu Village Council, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF stormed al-Arabiya area, north of the village, and forced Mahmoud Hasan al-Sabbah to leave is land while he was plowing it. IOF confiscated his tractor. Abu Mefreh added that al-Sabbah plows and saws his plant each year and owns the deeds to the land.

  • At approximately 14:30 on Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF stormed al-Rawq area, east of Kherbat al-Haidiya in Jordan’s northern valleys, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. They confiscated 4 tractors; three of them belong to Jamal Mohammed Qasem Bani Ouda, while the fourth belongs to Yusuf Husein Asmar Basha, both are from the abovementioned Kherba. IOF confiscated the tractors under the pretext of illegal work in Area (C).
  • On the same Sunday, the Israeli Ministry of Construction and Housing and the Land Authority issued a call for tenders for construction of 1,257 settlement units in “Givat Hamatos” settlement, which was established on the lands of Beit Safafa village, southern occupied East Jerusalem. These units would connect “Gilo” and “Har Homa” settlements with “Talpiot” settlement.

The construction of these settlement units would seal off Bethlehem from Beit Safafa village and southern occupied East Jerusalem and will entail further restrictions and obstacles on Palestinians’ freedom of movement and access to their lands.

It should be noted that “Givat Hamatos” settlement is a neighborhood of temporary housing projects, built on an area of 170 dunums and bordered by “Talpiot” settlement from the north and “Gilo” settlement from the south, and Beit Safafa village from the west. “Givat Hamatos” is considered among the last areas of open lands in Jerusalem that fall adjacent to the 1967 border line; it is a rocky land with few demolished buildings and mostly abandoned trailers. Consequently, the Israeli announcement carries greater significance than it shows, it is not merely the creation of new residential units in a settlement as it appears; in fact, it would be the first new Israeli neighborhood to be established on the 1967 border-line in East Jerusalem in the last 20 years.

The Israeli government had previously conducted such a construction in 1997, when “Har Homa” settlement was first established only two days after signing the first Hebron Protocol with Palestinians. Nowadays, “Har Homa” settlement houses more than 50,000 settlers.

This Israeli bidding was released 4 days after Israel’s approval to construct 108 settlement units in “Ramat Shlomo” settlement, northern occupied East Jerusalem. With these two bids, Israel is resuming construction in two settlements, where expansion efforts were frozen in 2014 due to international pressures.

These tenders coincide with escalated IOF demolition and confiscation of Palestinian properties and lands, particularly in Area “C” in the West Bank.

  • At approximately 07:00 on Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF bulldozers demolished an agricultural barracks, a residential house, and a water well in Khelat al-Nahlah area in Artas village, south of Bethlehem under the pretext of non-licensing.

Hasan Brijiyah, Head of the Popular Anti-Settlement Committee in Bethlehem, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF demolished a house inhabited with 5 individuals and built on an area of (80sqm) owned by Mohammed Romi, who have official document of his property. Brijiyah clarified that the Israeli bulldozers demolished a water well, adjacent to the abovementioned house and then leveled large areas. He added that Israeli authorities notified Romi three times before demolishing his house. Brijiyah mentioned that IOF also demolished an agricultural barrack owned by Mahmoud Shuweiki before their withdrawal from the area.

It should be noted that Khelat al-Nahlah area is a high hill where Israeli settlers established their mobile houses for several years and they are secured by an Israeli military force around the clock. Despite that these lands’ owners filed a judicial complaint at the Israeli District Court in Jerusalem, which issued a decision for settlers to evacuate; the Israeli authorities encourage settlers’ existence and protect them for the importance of the area. IOF seek to empty this area from Palestinians and seize it to expand the boundaries of “Efrat” settlement established in the south of Bethlehem and connect it with “Tuqu’” settlement established on the east side of Bethlehem. It should be noted that Khelat al-Nahla area is located between “Efrat” settlement and “Givat Eitam” settlement outpost established in Khelat al-Qutun nearby area.

Khelat al-Nahla area and Tuqu’ village fall within the Israeli Plan (E2), which is a settlement project aiming at isolating Bethlehem from the southern countryside and from southern West Bank. This isolation can be done by linking “Efrat” settlement with “Tuqu’” settlement by the road of “Givat Eitam” settlement outpost. According to the project, Israeli authorities will seize control of over 1182 dunums as they have already announced building 2500 settlement units in this area to complete isolate Bethlehem from other cities.

  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF accompanied with Civil and Administration vehicle and a bulldozer stormed al-Dowar area, west of Deir Sharaf village, west of Nablus, north of the West Bank. The bulldozer demolished an under-construction facility built on an area of (350sqm) under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The facility, which is a store’s floor and pillars is owned by Fares Montaser Abdul Jabbar Yaseen, from Asira ash-Shamaliya village, north of Nablus.
  • At the same time, IOF demolished a number of industrial facilities at the intersection of ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of building without a license.

Taha al-Refa’i, Head of Anata village, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that a large Israeli force accompanied with bulldozers stormed Anata village’s main street from the eastern side ad closed the intersection in both sides in front of civilians’ vehicles. They demolished 2 commercial barracks owned by Salem and Adeeb al-Qawasmah, 2 other commercial barracks that includes vegetables stall, a barrack, a fence that surrounds 2-dunum land and includes a shop selling spare parts owned by Mohammed Ibrahim Helwah.

On 10 November 2020, Israeli authorities demolished a carwash, a barrack, and a wall in Anata village. The process of demolishing commercial facilities recently is part of IOF’s constant violations against Palestinian civilians and their property in the area. Israeli Construction Supervisory Committee revealed recently that it will issue new tenders within a few weeks for the construction of new settlement units under plan 23185/a. This new settlement project, if implemented, would completely seal off the eastern area of occupied East Jerusalem and would encircle (Anata, At-Tur, Hizma) areas to deny any future expansion possibilities towards the east.

  • At the same time, Mohammed Qanbar and his son Atiyah implemented the Israeli Municipality’s decision and self-demolished their houses under the pretext of building without licensing. Mohammed stated to PCHR that he and his son had to demolish their houses after the Israeli police arrived at the place several times and ordered them to do that or the municipality staff  will implement the demolition decision and will force them to pay the demolition costs estimated at NIS 100,000. Qanbar clarified that he received a demolition notice 3 months ago and his lawyer managed to delay the demolition process until 10 November 2020, during which the lawyer applied to license the house; however, the municipality did not consider the application. Qanbar pointed out that he and his wife and 2 children lived in the house for 7 years in addition to his son’s family, who lived in a nearby house. Both houses were built on an area of 170sqm.
  • At approximately 10:11, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle and 2 bulldozers stormed Atouf Palin, east of Tammun village in Jordan’s northern valleys, north of the West Bank. A bulldozer demolished a residential room built of concrete and zingo sheets on an area of (40sqm) owned by Rami Bani Ouda, from Atouf village, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The same Israeli force stormed Furush Beit Dajan village, adjacent to Jordan’s central valleys. The bulldozer demolished a250-cubic meter water pool owned by Khalousi Abdul Rahim Haj Mohammed, from Furush Beit Dajan village. The pool was built of tin-plates and was funded by the European Union and was present in the land for more than 15 years.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF backed by a military vehicle and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle stormed Masafer area in Yatta, south of Hebron. The Civil Administration officer handed 4 military notices with No. 1797 to demolish facilities within 96 hours under the pretext of illegal construction, and they were as follows:
Affected PersonFacilityDescriptionDistanceArea
Jamil Mahmoud al-AmourbathroomTin plates and bricks1sqmSarourah
Hatem Mahmoud MakhamrahAgricultural roomTin plates and bricks20sqmAl-Mofaqera
Rasmi Yusuf Abu ArarmresidenceTin plates and bricks50sqmAl-Rakiz
Service CouncilWater supply systempipes—-Safi al-Fuqa

It should be noted that IOF based this demolition on Military Order No. 1797 of 2018, which allows the “building inspector” at the Israeli Civil Administration, to issue a demolition/removal order on any construction that is not completed within 6 months, or has been occupied for less than 30 days after the inspector’s visit. This type of notices deprives Palestinians of their right to defend their houses and facilities, as the High Court of Israel refuses any petitions made to freeze or cancel such notices. Furthermore, demolition notices based on Military Order No. 1797 deprive citizens from applying for licensing their targeted buildings.

  • At approximately 13:50, IOF stormed Atouf Plain, east of Tammun village, southeast of Tubas in Jjordan’s northern valleys, north of the West bank. IOF confiscated a digger owned by Ayman Rabah Gharib Bani Ouda, from Tammun village. Ayman was paving an agricultural road in favor of the village council. IOF confiscated the digger under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle, a number of staffs, and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Farsiya, east of Tubas in Jordan’s northern valleys, north of the West Bank.  The staff dismantled a residential barracks roofed with tin-plates and steel pillars on an area of 40sqm in addition to a bathroom and confiscated them. IOF also confiscated a 2cubic-meter water tank funded by “ACTED” organization. IOF claimed that the demolition of the water tank and barracks owned by Radad Hamed Rezeq Daraghmah, from Kherbat al-Faresiya, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).

The same Israeli force stormed Um al-Jamal village in Joedan’s northern valleys as the staff started to dismantle an arbor built of steel and shader sheets built by activists to protect children and civilians from rains. IOF claimed that the demolition was due to illegal construction in Area (C).

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 20:00 on Friday, 13 November 2020, a group of settlers from “”Sons of Hills” group moved from the Israeli new settlement ourpost established east of At-Tayba village, northeast of  Ramallah, and attacked Ka’abna Bedouin Community in the village’s outskirts. The settler sneaked into the livestock barrack and stole about 20 sheep aged between 6 months and 2 years, owned by Farah Ibrahim al-Ka’abna. After that settlers returned to the settlement outpost.
  • It should be noted that settlers, who called themselves “Sons of Hills” established the settlement outpost in 2019 on Palestinians’ lands, east of al-Tyba village, on an area of 9 dunums. The settlement is about 200 meters far away from “Rimonim” settlement established on the village lands.
  • At approximately 13:30 on Wednesday, 18 November 2020, a settler from “Ramat Yishai” settlement outpost established on Palestinians’ confiscated lands in Tal al-Ramidiyah neighborhood in the center of Hebron, attacked Haitham Tayseer Abu Aishah (15) and punched him on his face while Haitham was on his way home with his father. When Haitham’s father attempted to move the settler away from his son, an Israeli soldier approached him and punched on his back, so, he fell on the ground. After that, Israeli back-ups arrived at the area as Haitham returned home with his father. Later on, Abu Aishah filed a complaint at the Israeli police.

V. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 80 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 16 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday evening, 12 November 2020, established a checkpoint at the Biddu village’s tunnel.
  • On Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem.
  •  On Wednesday, 18 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Al Jib village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at Tuqu, al-Khader, and Beit Fajjar villages, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints the northern and western entrances to Tuqu, Husan, and Tuqu villages, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Saturday, 14 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Marah Rabah villages and near “’Osh Ghurab” area, east of Beit Sahour village, and at Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Beit Jala, Tuqu, Marah Rabah villages in Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the northern and western entrance to Tuqu village, entrance to Maah Rabah village, and Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 17 November 2020, established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Tuqu and Husan villages and near al-Nashash area, south of the city.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints under the bridge of ‘Atara village, north of Ramallah, and at the entrance to  Ein Yabrud village, east of Ramallah.
  • On Wednesday, 18 November 2020, IOF closed the northern entrance to al-Bira, leading to Jalazone refugee camp, and north of Ramallah. The soldiers searched Palestinian civilians’’ vehicles, checked their ID cards, and obstructed the traffic movement. The closure continued for 3  and half hours.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Fasayil village, north of Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 14 November 2020, IOF tightened its military measures at “Al-Hamra” checkpoint, north of Jericho, obstructed the traffic movement for civilians, and checked their ID card and established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Nablus – Tubas road, northeast of Nablus.
  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Majdal Bani Fadil village, and al-Bathan road linking between Nablus and Tubas.
  • On Saturday, 14 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Shavei Shomron settlement, west of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Asira ash-Shamaliya village, and at Einabus village square.
  • On Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Shavei Shomron settlement (the road linking between Nablus and Jenin).

Jenin:

  • On Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kufeirit village, southwest of Jenin.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at Sa’ir and Idhna villages and al-Aroub refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at: Hebron’s southern entrance, Beit Kahel, and Kharsa villages.
  • On Saturday, 14 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at Beit Awwa, al-Hadab, and Surif villages, and al-Aroub refugee camp.
  • On Monday, 15 November 2020, IOF established 6 checkpoints at the Halhoul northern entrance to (Nabi Yunus), Beit Einun, Beit Ummar villages, Hebron’s southern entrance, Yatta and Idhna village.
  • On Tuesday, 17 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at Hebron’s southern entrance (al-Harayeq), ad-Dhahiriya, Beit Ummer, and Bani Na’im villages.
  •  On Wednesday, 18 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at Halhoul southern entrance, and al-Aroub refugee camp, and  ad-Dhahiriya village.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Izbat at-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Izbat at-Tabib village, at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya, the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya. These checkpoints were removed; no arrests were reported.

Tulkarm:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of “Innab” settlement, east of Tulkarm.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrances to Deir Istiya, north of Salfit.

In Memory of Robert Fisk: “The Forgotten Massacre” – Reposted

In Memory of Robert Fisk: “The Forgotten Massacre” – Reposted

By Staff

In memory of Robert Fisk, a journalist who was “renowned for his courage in questioning official narratives” and publishing “frequently brilliant prose”.

During his decades-long career, Fisk covered key international events including the Lebanese civil war, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the Iranian revolution, Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait, conflicts in the Balkans and the Arab Spring.

Fisk was particularly renowned for his war reporting.

The Forgotten Massacre

Robert Fisk, Sunday 15 September 2013

The memories remain, of course. The man who lost his family in an earlier massacre, only to watch the young men of Chatila lined up after the new killings and marched off to death. But – like the muck piled on the garbage tip amid the concrete hovels – the stench of injustice still pervades the camps where 1,700 Palestinians were butchered 30 years ago next week. No-one was tried and sentenced for a slaughter, which even an “Israeli” writer at the time compared to the killing of Yugoslavs by Nazi sympathizers in the Second World War. Sabra and Chatila are a memorial to criminals who evaded responsibility, who got away with it.

Khaled Abu Noor was in his teens, a would-be militiaman who had left the camp for the mountains before “Israel’s” Phalangist allies entered Sabra and Chatila. Did this give him a guilty conscience, that he was not there to fight the rapists and murderers? “What we all feel today is depression,” he said. “We demanded justice, international trials – but there was nothing. Not a single person was held responsible. No-one was put before justice. And so we had to suffer in the 1986 camps war [at the hands of Shia Lebanese] and so the “Israelis” could slaughter so many Palestinians in the 2008-9 Gaza war. If there had been trials for what happened here 30 years ago, the Gaza killings would not have happened.”

He has a point, of course. While presidents and prime ministers have lined up in Manhattan to mourn the dead of the 2001 international crimes against humanity at the World Trade Centre, not a single Western leader has dared to visit the dank and grubby Sabra and Chatila mass graves, shaded by a few scruffy trees and faded photographs of the dead. Nor, let it be said – in 30 years – has a single Arab leader bothered to visit the last resting place of at least 600 of the 1,700 victims. Arab potentates bleed in their hearts for the Palestinians but an airfare to Beirut might be a bit much these days – and which of them would want to offend the “Israelis” or the Americans?

It is an irony – but an important one, nonetheless – that the only nation to hold a serious official enquiry into the massacre, albeit flawed, was “Israel”. The “Israeli” army sent the killers into the camps and then watched – and did nothing – while the atrocity took place. A certain “Israeli” Lieutenant Avi Grabowsky gave the most telling evidence of this. The Kahan Commission held the then “defense” minister Ariel Sharon personally responsible, since he sent the ruthless anti-Palestinian Phalangists into the camps to “flush out terrorists” – “terrorists” who turned out to be as non-existent as Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction 21 years later.

Sharon lost his job but later became prime minister, until broken by a stroke which he survived – but which took from him even the power of speech. Elie Hobeika, the Lebanese Christian militia leader who led his murderers into the camp – after Sharon had told the Phalange that Palestinians had just assassinated their leader, Bashir Gemayel – was murdered years later in east Beirut. His enemies claimed the Syrians killed him, his friends blamed the “Israelis”; Hobeika, who had “gone across” to the Syrians, had just announced he would “tell all” about the Sabra and Chatila atrocity at a Belgian court, which wished to try Sharon.

Of course, those of us who entered the camps on the third and final day of the massacre – 18 September, 1982 – have our own memories. I recall the old man in pajamas lying on his back on the main street with his innocent walking stick beside him, the two women and a baby shot next to a dead horse, the private house in which I sheltered from the killers with my colleague Loren Jenkins of The Washington Post – only to find a dead young woman lying in the courtyard beside us. Some of the women had been raped before their killing. The armies of flies, the smell of decomposition. These things one remembers.

Abu Maher is 65 – like Khaled Abu Noor, his family originally fled their homes in Safad in present-day “Israel” – and stayed in the camp throughout the massacre, at first disbelieving the women and children who urged him to run from his home. “A woman neighbor started screaming and I looked out and saw her shot dead and her daughter tried to run away and the killers chased her, saying “Kill her, kill her, don’t let her go!” She shouted to me and I could do nothing. But she escaped.”

Repeated trips back to the camp, year after year, have built up a narrative of astonishing detail. Investigations by Karsten Tveit of Norwegian radio and myself proved that many men, seen by Abu Maher being marched away alive after the initial massacre, were later handed by the “Israelis” back to the Phalangist killers – who held them prisoner for days in eastern Beirut and then, when they could not swap them for Christian hostages, executed them at mass graves.

And the arguments in favor of forgetfulness have been cruelly deployed. Why remember a few hundred Palestinians slaughtered when 25,000 have been killed in Syria in 19 months?

Supporters of “Israel” and critics of the Muslim world have written to me in the last couple of years, abusing me for referring repeatedly to the Sabra and Chatila massacre, as if my own eye-witness account of this atrocity has – like a war criminal – a statute of limitations. Given these reports of mine [compared to my accounts of Turkish oppression] one reader has written to me that “I would conclude that, in this case [Sabra and Chatila], you have an anti-“Israeli” bias. This is based solely on the disproportionate number of references you make to this atrocity…”

But can one make too many? Dr. Bayan al-Hout, widow of the PLO’s former ambassador to Beirut, has written the most authoritative and detailed account of the Sabra and Chatila war crimes – for that is what they were – and concludes that in the years that followed, people feared to recall the event. “Then international groups started talking and enquiring. We must remember that all of us are responsible for what happened. And the victims are still scarred by these events – even those who are unborn will be scarred – and they need love.” In the conclusion to her book, Dr. al-Hout asks some difficult – indeed, dangerous – questions: “Were the perpetrators the only ones responsible? Were the people who committed the crimes the only criminals? Were even those who issued the orders solely responsible? Who in truth is responsible?”

In other words, doesn’t Lebanon bear responsibility with the Phalangist Lebanese, “Israel” with the “Israeli” army, the West with its “Israeli” ally, the Arabs with their American ally? Dr al-Hout ends her investigation with a quotation from Rabbi Abraham Heschel who raged against the Vietnam war. “In a free society,” the Rabbi said, “some are guilty, but all are responsible”.

Related

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (15– 21 October 2020)

 in Weekly Reports

15 – 21 October 2020

  • 5 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children and a journalist, wounded in IOF excessive use of force
  • shootings reported at agricultural lands and 2 others against fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 97 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 95 civilians arrested, including 8 children
  • Collective punishment policy: IOF seals a detainee’s room in Jenin
  • Settler-attacks: Olive trees damaged, and lands flooded with wastewater in the West Bank
  • IOF established 85 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 9 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks rendered 5 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force. IOF also continued to create new-facts on the  ground by maintain its policy of demolishing, confiscating and razing Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes. Israeli-settler attacks witnessed an increase against farmers and agricultural lands as this time of the year marks the olive harvest season.

The publishing of this report is accompanied by the rapidly deteriorating health condition of on-hunger-strike Palestinian administrative detainee Maher al-Akhras (50); al-Akhras has been on hunger strike since the first day of his arrest by IOF on 27 July 2020, marking the 87th consecutive day in protest to his detention without charge or trial. Al-Akhras continues to be locked in under administrative detention despite his critical health. PCHR renews its call upon the international community to pressure Israel to release al-Akhras, as no legal means can be pursued for this purpose due to the nature of administrative detention which is conducted without charge or trial. PCHR urges the High Commissioner for Human Rights and Special Rapporteur for the Occupied Palestinian Territory in 1967 to intervene immediately to facilitate his release.

This week, PCHR documented 178 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 5 civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank, including 2 children and a journalist. The journalist was shot and wounded due to IOF oppression of a protest in Ramallah, 2 Palestinians sustained wounds in IOF suppression of Kafr Qaddum – Qalqilya weekly protest; 2 children wounded in clashes in Hebron.

In the Gaza Strip, 2 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip. Israeli warplanes launched an airstrike at a vacant land eastern Deir al-Balah, Central Gaza.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 97 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 95 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children.

Collective Punishment Policy: As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF sealed Nazmi Asfour’s room; Asfour is imprisoned by Israel and he is from Yabad village in Jenin.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 7 violations, including:

  • Tubas: construction vehicle and truck confiscated; tin-plated barracks (100sqm) demolished, and a spring razed.
  • East Jerusalem: store vacated for demolition, and a tent was demolished;
  • Hebron: 4 facilities demolished;
  • Qalqilya: supermarket demolished;
  • Jericho: a house (made of bricks and tin plates) demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 2 attacks: 25 olive trees damaged in Qaryut; agricultural lands flooded with wastewater in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

 I. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity

  • At approximately 18:00 on Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF stormed the main road of Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They deployed between civilians’ houses and stores, positioned on the rooftops of the buildings and forced stores’ owners to close shop. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses in al-Mahmoud neighborhood, and arrested Mohammed Dawoud Mahmoud (16). Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered at the entrance of the neighborhood and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF vehicles, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Friday, 16 October 2020, villagers from Barqa village, east of Ramallah, organized a peaceful demonstration, attended by Waleed Assaf, the head of the National Commission against the Annexation Wall and Colonies, and a number of foreign solidarity activists. The demonstrators gathered and launched from al-Nour mosque, in the center of the village, heading to the agricultural lands in Ra’s al-‘Aqaba area, northwest of Barqa, adjacent to Bypass (60). The protest was against settlers’ attacks on their lands during the annual olive harvest, as the protestors sang their national slogans calling for ending the occupation and condemning its crimes. As they arrived, they found a group of settlers, protected by the Israeli forces, who attempted to prevent Palestinians from entering their lands for the olive harvest, but the protestors confronted them and managed to access their lands. IOF fired rubber bullets, teargas canisters and sound bombs. The clashes resulted in dozens of protestors suffocating due to teargas inhalation, and (4) civilians were hit with rubber bullets, including the journalist Hisham Abu Shaqra, a photographer at the Anadolu Agency, who was hit with a rubber bullet in the neck. The injured civilians were taken to Palestine Medical Center in Ramallah. During the clashes, IOF attacked the three journalists; Emad Mohammed Is’eid Khaled Sabarna and Abood Younis, by pushing and assaulting them. The clashes continued until 11:00; the settlers set fire to 5 perennial olive trees, parts of them were damaged before the villagers succeeded in putting out the fire.
  • At approximately 12:30 on Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest attended by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 2 civilians were shot; one of them was shot in his chest, and the other was shot in his lower limbs.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Batn al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and deployed between civilians’ houses and stores, and started searching civilians and checking their ID cards. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 17 October 2020, a group of Palestinian activists organized a peaceful protest near the bypass road (317), east of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. The participants raised Palestinian flags and chanted national slogans, until the Israeli forces came and banned the participants to move further. Meanwhile, IOF attacked Suliman Eid al-Hathalin (70), and took him to their military vehicles, and then to a detention center in “Carmiel” settlement; he was released an hour later.
  • At approximately 16:00, a group of young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiya area, in the center of Hebron, where the Israeli soldiers established a military checkpoint on the entrance of al-Shuhada’ closed street. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by chasing the stone-throwers and firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes continued until approximately 19:00 and resulted in 2 children sustaining wounds; a 14-year-old was shot in the head, and a 13-year-old was shot in the right leg. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 08:25 on Sunday, 18 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened heavy fire at them causing fear and panic among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened fire at them and a number of flare bombs in the sky, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, Israeli warplane fired 2 missiles at an empty land east of Wadi al-Salqa village, east of Deir al-Balah, no injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 07:20 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF stationed inside the border fence with Israel east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a, and no injuries were reported. At approximately 14:30, IOF opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara, and no injuries were reported.

II. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 15 October 2020:

  • At approximately 12:35, IOF moved into Sebastya village, northwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ayham Nahed Aqel (21) and Shahed Arafat Kayed (20).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Arafat Hamdan (19) and Mohammed Khalil Hamdan (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jabal al-Mawalih area, in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Awwad Awwad’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Yitma village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Moheeb Lafi Snobar (21) and Oday Ahmed Snobar (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Anas Maher Jouda (23) and Mo’taz Nazih Badawna (21) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:40, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Nobough Najm al-Barghouthi (33) and Melad Tawfiq Sha’ban (32) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Azoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched three houses belonging to Montaser Abdullah Zemari (30) and Esam Rasheed Radwan (31) and his brother Mohammed (33) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kafl Hares village, north of Salfit. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yehya Abdul Fattah al-As’ad (20) and Salem Mohammed Abu Mas’oud (23) and arrested them. Meanwhile, IOF raided and searched Abdul Salam Mahmoud Abu Ya’qoub’s (30) house, by broking the door of the house.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al0Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched dozens of houses and arrested (12) civilians including 4 children and took them to al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem. (Arrestees names are available at PCHR).
  • During dawn hours, IOF moved into al-Zawiya village, west of Salfit. They raided and searched Sohaib Ibrahim Shuqair’s house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Amjad Gharouf and As’ad Ajaj, while documenting the entrance of a Gulf delegation to al-Aqsa Mosque under the Israeli forces’ heavy protection and took them to one of the investigation centers in the occupied city.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Khalayil al-Lawz area, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Morad Melsh’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested Mohammed Khaled Toffaha (21), from the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, while present in al-Sultan Suliman street in the occupied city center. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Tubas and Sebastya in Nablus governorate, Deir Istiya and al-Zawiya villages in Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 16 October 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Owa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Qusai Ghazi al-Shalash’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ashraf Samir Jawabra’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:40, an Israeli infantry unit moved into al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Samir Fayez al-Tirawi (50) and Musallam Yousef Ghawanmah (20).
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Dawoud Amer (34), while passing through it. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbiya village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ibrahim Mohammed Ladadwa’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Lo’ay Ashraf Mahmoud’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Hebron and Beit Kahel in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 17 October 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested 3 civilians, including 2 siblings, taking them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Jevara Ma’an al-Namoura (24), Akram (33)  and Kayed (30) Mohammed al-Fasfous.
  • IOF carried out (10) incursions in Sebastia and Beit Dajan villages in Nablus; Halhul city and Nuba, Taffuh and Hadab villages in Hebron; and Yatma, Iraq Burin, Urif, and Tell villages in Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 18 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ibrahim Nimer al-Nouri’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Khaled Abu al-Hawa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF stationed at al-Za’im military checkpoint, east of occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Mohammed Murshed Za’aqeeq (24), from Beit Ummar village in northern Hebron, while passing through the checkpoint.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested Yousef Ashraf Jawabrah (19) after stopping him at a military checkpoint, at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. Jawabrah was taken to a detention center in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tarqumiyah in Hebron; Jalazone camp in northern Ramallah .No arrests were reported.

Monday, 19 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Adam Yousef ‘Obaid’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Saf Street in central Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner ‘Abed al-Hado ‘Aref Hammad and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Deir Jarir village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Yehia Mosbah ‘Alawi’s (26) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Beit El” settlement, north of Al-Bireh.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Ibrahim Rashad Sowan (21) and Hozaifa ‘Abed al-Naser Ghanem (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Mohammed Helwa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Majd Mohammed Mutair (24) and Fahmi Mohammed ‘Edwan (21) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. They raided and searched 4 houses, from which they arrested Saleem Mazen Jawabrah (19), Qusai Sakem al-Badawi (19), Tamer Samer al-Badawi (20), and Mohammed Jamal al-Badawi (21).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Mohammed Yehia Mutair (29) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched ‘Abed al-Qader ‘amer Abu ‘Ishah’s (59) house and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:58, IOF moved into ‘Atouf village in Central Jordan Valley, east of Tammun village, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF stationed in the village’s eastern side, where they prevented ‘Ayid Mostafa ‘Abed al-Razeq Bani ‘Odah from casting his house roof. IOF also detained the workers’ IDs and ordered the mounted-crane truck owner to leave the village.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Fatama Rabah Abu al-Humus (17) and Sadeen Fadi Mostafa (17) while present on Salah al-Deen Street in central occupied East Jerusalem. IOF pushed them under the pretext that they did not wear masks and imposed fines of NIS 1500 on them. Both of them were taken to a police station on Salah al-Deen Street. Meanwhile, Palestinian young men gathered in the area to help the two girls and verbal altercation erupted between them and IOF. 
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, one of al-Aqsa Mosque neighborhoods. They raided and searched Hamza al-Joulani’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested al-Aqsa Mosque guards Saied al-Salimah (48) and Issa Barakat (42) from their workplace in the al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, taking them to al-Qashla Police Station. They were interrogated for several hours and released later, provided that they will be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for a week.
  • At approximately 18:50, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ameen ‘Obaid’s (46) house and arrested him along with his son ‘Odai (20). It should be noted that ‘Odai served 18 months in the Israeli jails, and he was released few hours before raiding his house.
  • IOF carried out (1) incursion in Al-Bireh city. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 20 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hitham Mer’i Shehada (34) and Saif Hafzi Abu Lebda (27) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Abu Subaieh’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Nour Waleed Mohammed Musbah’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 12:15, IOF stationed at the entrance to  Jit village, north of Qalqilya, arrested Khaled ‘Ali Redwan (26), from Nabi Ilyas village, east of Qalqilya.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm’s eastern neighborhood. They raided and searched a restaurant in the mentioned neighborhood and arrested Amjad Mohammed Ahmed Abu Shanab (45), who is working the restaurant, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed near the entrance to Izbat al-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya, arrested 3 civilians, from Azzun village. The arrestees were identified as Yehia ‘Abed al-Hafiz ‘Ali Edwan (22), Mohammed Qaher Abu Haniyia (22) and Majd Radi Ahmed Radi (24).
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed at Tayaseer military checkpoint, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank, arrested Hitham Nedal Qasrawi (19), from Tubas, while returning from his workplace and passing through the checkpoint.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tulkarm city and in Deir al-Ghusun and Zeita villages in northern Tulkarm .No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 21 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Aida Camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Wesam Yousef Badawna (20) and Mostafa Ibrahim Qanees (34) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:55, IOF moved into Beitunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ahmed Riyad Shehada’s house and arrested his sons ‘Abed al-Hadi (22) and Mohammed (26).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Kalandia Camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mostafa Mohammed Mutair (20) and Osama Nai’em Hamad (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Hamza Habes ‘Alami’s (20) house and arrested him. 
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Ayoub neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mahmoud Mohanad ‘Odah (15) and Sultan Samer Sarhan (15) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Dawha village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Anas ‘Adnan Malash (25) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kafr Qallil village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses and arrested Thaier Waleed ‘Abed al-Jaleel Ahmed ‘Amer (40).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Wadi Abu Freha area, north of Beit Sahour city. They raided and searched Mohammed Ibrahim ‘Abiyat’s (42) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ash-Shuyukh village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Marwan Mohammed Hasasnah’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Nasrallah Mahmoud Mahmoud (18) and Taj al-Deen Maher Muhaisin (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli infantry unit moved into Sebastia village, southwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They arrested Ramzi Naser al-Haj (20), ‘Ali Maher Ghazal (19) and Khaled Nadi ‘Azzam (20).
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Yatta, Surif and Idhna villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Collective Punishment Measures

  • As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF sealed a room belonging to a Palestinian imprisoned by Israel.

According to PCHR’s fieldworker, at approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF accompanied with a truck loaded with plastic pipes filled with water and other materials moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, northern West Bank. They stationed in the village’s southern neighborhood and surrounded ‘Asfour family 3-storey building that shelters 3 families (20 persons, including 8 children). The building is owned by 3 brothers, including Nazmi Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour (49), who is imprisoned by Israel on charges of killing an Israeli soldier in Ya’bad village on 12 May 2020. IOF locked the three families in a room on the ground floor; then soldiers went up to ‘Asfour’s bedroom on the third floor, closed the room and hung a small board on its door written on it: “The room was closed with polyurethane foam (a flammable substance that has an unpleasant odor), upon an order issued by the Israeli military commander.” At approximately 06:30, IOF withdrew, but the family was unable to enter the building due to the foul smell stemming from the substance placed in the room.

Ra’fat ‘Atiyia Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour (25) stated the following to PCHR’s fieldworker:

At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF raided our 3-storey house in al-Saliymah neighborhood in Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. The house shelters 3 siblings and their families. I live on the 1st floor along with my father ‘Atiya Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour, my mother, and my brother; while my uncle Rebhi and his family of 7 members live on the 2nd floor; and my uncle Nazmi and his family of 9 members live on the 3rd floor. IOF detained us in one room located on the 1st floor. Meanwhile, some soldiers went up to the third floor and entered my uncle’s bedroom, who is a prisoner in Israeli jails, and closed it upon an order issued by the Israeli military commander. My family denies all charges against my uncle Nazmi. IOF stayed in the building until 6:30. After their withdrawal, we headed towards the third floor, but we could not enter the building due to the unpleasant smell emanating from the material placed in the room. I could see a board written on it “Upon a decision issued by the Israeli military commander, the room was closed with polyurethane foam.”

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 14:05 on Thursday, 14 October 2020, IOF stormed Al-Hamma village in Jordan’s northern valleys, southeast of Tubas, north of the West bank. IOF confiscated a bulldozer and a truck, which were beside an agricultural road that was paved in the abovementioned village. The confiscated bulldozer and the truck that were owned by Obai Mustafa Kamel Thaher, from Ain Al Beida village in Jordan’s northern valleys were taken to “Mehola” settlement in the northern valleys without any confiscation paper.  IOF claimed that the confiscation was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • On Saturday morning, 17 October 2020, Ayman Mousa Ja’abis started evacuating his commercial shop in al-Salah neighborhood in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem in order to self-demolish to implement the Israeli Municipality’s decision under the pretext of illegal construction.

Ja’abis said that he established his 60-square-meter shop to sell construction materials in 2015. After one week of his construction, Israeli municipality raided the shop and handed Ja’abis the demolition decision. Ja’abis clarified that he headed to the Israeli court to freeze the demolition decision and he hired a lawyer and an engineer to start measures of obtaining the shop. He added that the Israeli municipality rejected giving him a license under the pretext of establishing “The American Road” Project and imposed a fine of NIS 70,000 in addition to the lawyer and the engineer’s fees. Ja’abis emphasized that IOF lately raided his shop and gave 72 hours to demolish it, or the municipality crews will demolish it and then impose him demolition costs. Therefore, he had to self-demolish his shop. Ja’abis said that his shop was his sole source of income for him and his family comprised of 7 individuals and he searched for a small shop in the village and nearby villages, but he failed to find one.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles, a bulldozer, and 2 diggers, and accompanied with Civil Administration officers stormed al-Fakhit area, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed in the area while the bulldozers demolished  4 facilities owned by  Akram Sari Mohammed Nawajah (45):
  • A tent comprised of shader and built on (20sqm) and used as a store.
  • A residential room built of bricks and tin plate on (30sqm).
  • Barracks build of tin plate and rocks on (130sqm) and used for sheltering 100 sheep.
  • A barn built of shader and rocks on an area of (80sqm).
  • At approximately 10:40 on Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration officers and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Farisiyah village in Jordan’s northern valleys, east of Tubas. The demolished a barracks built on (100sqm) used for living owned by Radad Hamed Rezeq Daraghmah. The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The bulldozer also demolished a water spring that was repaired more than 7 years ago by a group of hydrologists. Demolishing it caused damage to a fish project. IOF also confiscated a vehicle and power engine owned by Daraghmah.
  • At approximately 00:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, IOF accompanied with a bulldozer stormed Qalqilya. They demolished a market stall built on (500sqm) owned by Abdulla Abdul Fattah Yasin and Mahdi Redwan Dawoud, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (G) that is under the IOF’s control. It should be noted that the demolition implemented before the end of the appeal period to the Israeli Supreme Court as no final decision was issued for the demolition. The owners received a demolition notice 4 months ago and they hired a lawyer who filed a case. However, the submitted appeal received no response.
  •  On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF demolished a tent in Beit Iksa village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem and forced its owner to leave it by force. Beit Iksa Village’s Municipality stated that IOF stormed north of the village and demolished a tent owned by Khalil Abu Dahouk and forced him to leave the area along with his sheep. It should be noted that Beit Iksa village faces difficult conditions as IOF established a permanent checkpoint at its entrance and they prevent civilians from entering or leaving it, except under impossible conditions. IOF also deny this village’s resident from communication with other adjacent villages. Beit Iksa village also is subjected to harassments by IOF that seek to isolate it from other villages. IOF allow Beit Iksa village’s residents to live and construct in 700 dunums only of a 7398 dunums of the village. The Israeli the Israeli Civil Administration  seize control of most of the village distance and use it to prevents its residents from urban expansion in the village that is surrounded by the annexation wall. IOF also confiscated large areas of Beit Iksa lands for various purposes, such as establishing “Ramot” and “Har Shmuel” Settlements in addition to the annexation wall that isolates the village of its agricultural lands.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by several military SUVs and accompanied with Civil Administration officers and a digger stormed “Tal Al-Samadi” area in Jiftlik village, north of Jericho. They demolished a house built of bricks and tin plates on (40sqm) owned by Hasan Salem Ka’abna under the pretext of illegal construction.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 06:00 on Saturday, 17 October 2020, Bilal Mohammed Raja went to his land in al-Sahlat area, east of Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus near Shvut Rachel settlement, to harvest the olive. Raja found out that Israeli settlers broke and uprooted 25 olive trees, knowing that these trees were implanted 6 years ago.
  • On Monday morning, 19 October 2020, a group of setters from “Elon Moreh” settlement established on lands of Salim, Azmut , and Deir al-Hatab villages, northeast of Nablus, pumped waste-water from inside their settlement to civilians’ lands implanted with olive trees in the eastern side of Deir al-Hatab village, coinciding with the time to harvest the olive, which caused  big loss for farmers after the trees were polluted.

V. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 58 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 9 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Beit Ijza village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, east of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the northern entrance to Tuqu village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, and the southern entrance to Nahalin village, west of the city.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, northern entrance to al-Khader village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 20 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, and the square of Fureidis village, east of Bethlehem.
  •  On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection to Tuqu village, the intersection to al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ras Karkar village, west of Ramallah.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the intersection of At-Tayba village ( at the road linking between Ramallah and Jericho), east of Ramallah, the entrance to Ein Yabrud village, east of the city, and the main entrance to Nabi Salih village, northeast of Ramallah.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Yatta, Dura, and as-Samu village.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Surif and Bani Na’im villages.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: al-Fawar refugee camp, Ash-Shuyukh village, Hebron’s southern entrance, and Kharsa village.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: Hebron’s northern entrance, al-Aroub refugee camp, and Jalajel village.
  • On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established 7 checkpoints at the entrances to Idhna village, al-Fawar refugee camp, ad-Dhahiriya village, Hebron’s southern, entrance, and northern entrances, and as-Samu village.

Nablus:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sarra village, southwest of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at al-Marba’a area ( at the road linking between villages in southeast and southwest of Nablus).
  • On Monday 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sebastia village (at the road linking between Nablus and Jenin).

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection to Zahrat al-Fenjan, and the entrance to Az-Zawiya village, south of Jenin.
  • On Sunday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Yabad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a t the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Istiya village, north of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the road linking between Azzun and Jayyous villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho. The soldiers searched civilians and checked their ID cards.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint near the Arab Development Society, east of Jericho.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint  at the southern entrance to Jericho.
IOF closed prisoner Nazmi ‘Asfour’s room in Jenin

15 – 21 October 2020

  • 5 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children and a journalist, wounded in IOF excessive use of force
  • shootings reported at agricultural lands and 2 others against fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 97 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 95 civilians arrested, including 8 children
  • Collective punishment policy: IOF seals a detainee’s room in Jenin
  • Settler-attacks: Olive trees damaged, and lands flooded with wastewater in the West Bank
  • IOF established 85 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 9 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks rendered 5 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force. IOF also continued to create new-facts on the  ground by maintain its policy of demolishing, confiscating and razing Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes. Israeli-settler attacks witnessed an increase against farmers and agricultural lands as this time of the year marks the olive harvest season.

The publishing of this report is accompanied by the rapidly deteriorating health condition of on-hunger-strike Palestinian administrative detainee Maher al-Akhras (50); al-Akhras has been on hunger strike since the first day of his arrest by IOF on 27 July 2020, marking the 87th consecutive day in protest to his detention without charge or trial. Al-Akhras continues to be locked in under administrative detention despite his critical health. PCHR renews its call upon the international community to pressure Israel to release al-Akhras, as no legal means can be pursued for this purpose due to the nature of administrative detention which is conducted without charge or trial. PCHR urges the High Commissioner for Human Rights and Special Rapporteur for the Occupied Palestinian Territory in 1967 to intervene immediately to facilitate his release.

This week, PCHR documented 178 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 5 civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank, including 2 children and a journalist. The journalist was shot and wounded due to IOF oppression of a protest in Ramallah, 2 Palestinians sustained wounds in IOF suppression of Kafr Qaddum – Qalqilya weekly protest; 2 children wounded in clashes in Hebron.

In the Gaza Strip, 2 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip. Israeli warplanes launched an airstrike at a vacant land eastern Deir al-Balah, Central Gaza.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 97 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 95 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children.

Collective Punishment Policy: As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF sealed Nazmi Asfour’s room; Asfour is imprisoned by Israel and he is from Yabad village in Jenin.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 7 violations, including:

  • Tubas: construction vehicle and truck confiscated; tin-plated barracks (100sqm) demolished, and a spring razed.
  • East Jerusalem: store vacated for demolition, and a tent was demolished;
  • Hebron: 4 facilities demolished;
  • Qalqilya: supermarket demolished;
  • Jericho: a house (made of bricks and tin plates) demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 2 attacks: 25 olive trees damaged in Qaryut; agricultural lands flooded with wastewater in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

 I. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity

  • At approximately 18:00 on Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF stormed the main road of Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They deployed between civilians’ houses and stores, positioned on the rooftops of the buildings and forced stores’ owners to close shop. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses in al-Mahmoud neighborhood, and arrested Mohammed Dawoud Mahmoud (16). Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered at the entrance of the neighborhood and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF vehicles, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Friday, 16 October 2020, villagers from Barqa village, east of Ramallah, organized a peaceful demonstration, attended by Waleed Assaf, the head of the National Commission against the Annexation Wall and Colonies, and a number of foreign solidarity activists. The demonstrators gathered and launched from al-Nour mosque, in the center of the village, heading to the agricultural lands in Ra’s al-‘Aqaba area, northwest of Barqa, adjacent to Bypass (60). The protest was against settlers’ attacks on their lands during the annual olive harvest, as the protestors sang their national slogans calling for ending the occupation and condemning its crimes. As they arrived, they found a group of settlers, protected by the Israeli forces, who attempted to prevent Palestinians from entering their lands for the olive harvest, but the protestors confronted them and managed to access their lands. IOF fired rubber bullets, teargas canisters and sound bombs. The clashes resulted in dozens of protestors suffocating due to teargas inhalation, and (4) civilians were hit with rubber bullets, including the journalist Hisham Abu Shaqra, a photographer at the Anadolu Agency, who was hit with a rubber bullet in the neck. The injured civilians were taken to Palestine Medical Center in Ramallah. During the clashes, IOF attacked the three journalists; Emad Mohammed Is’eid Khaled Sabarna and Abood Younis, by pushing and assaulting them. The clashes continued until 11:00; the settlers set fire to 5 perennial olive trees, parts of them were damaged before the villagers succeeded in putting out the fire.
  • At approximately 12:30 on Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest attended by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 2 civilians were shot; one of them was shot in his chest, and the other was shot in his lower limbs.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Batn al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and deployed between civilians’ houses and stores, and started searching civilians and checking their ID cards. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 17 October 2020, a group of Palestinian activists organized a peaceful protest near the bypass road (317), east of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. The participants raised Palestinian flags and chanted national slogans, until the Israeli forces came and banned the participants to move further. Meanwhile, IOF attacked Suliman Eid al-Hathalin (70), and took him to their military vehicles, and then to a detention center in “Carmiel” settlement; he was released an hour later.
  • At approximately 16:00, a group of young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiya area, in the center of Hebron, where the Israeli soldiers established a military checkpoint on the entrance of al-Shuhada’ closed street. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by chasing the stone-throwers and firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes continued until approximately 19:00 and resulted in 2 children sustaining wounds; a 14-year-old was shot in the head, and a 13-year-old was shot in the right leg. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 08:25 on Sunday, 18 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened heavy fire at them causing fear and panic among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened fire at them and a number of flare bombs in the sky, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, Israeli warplane fired 2 missiles at an empty land east of Wadi al-Salqa village, east of Deir al-Balah, no injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 07:20 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF stationed inside the border fence with Israel east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a, and no injuries were reported. At approximately 14:30, IOF opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara, and no injuries were reported.

II. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 15 October 2020:

  • At approximately 12:35, IOF moved into Sebastya village, northwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ayham Nahed Aqel (21) and Shahed Arafat Kayed (20).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Arafat Hamdan (19) and Mohammed Khalil Hamdan (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jabal al-Mawalih area, in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Awwad Awwad’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Yitma village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Moheeb Lafi Snobar (21) and Oday Ahmed Snobar (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Anas Maher Jouda (23) and Mo’taz Nazih Badawna (21) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:40, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Nobough Najm al-Barghouthi (33) and Melad Tawfiq Sha’ban (32) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Azoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched three houses belonging to Montaser Abdullah Zemari (30) and Esam Rasheed Radwan (31) and his brother Mohammed (33) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kafl Hares village, north of Salfit. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yehya Abdul Fattah al-As’ad (20) and Salem Mohammed Abu Mas’oud (23) and arrested them. Meanwhile, IOF raided and searched Abdul Salam Mahmoud Abu Ya’qoub’s (30) house, by broking the door of the house.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al0Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched dozens of houses and arrested (12) civilians including 4 children and took them to al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem. (Arrestees names are available at PCHR).
  • During dawn hours, IOF moved into al-Zawiya village, west of Salfit. They raided and searched Sohaib Ibrahim Shuqair’s house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Amjad Gharouf and As’ad Ajaj, while documenting the entrance of a Gulf delegation to al-Aqsa Mosque under the Israeli forces’ heavy protection and took them to one of the investigation centers in the occupied city.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Khalayil al-Lawz area, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Morad Melsh’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested Mohammed Khaled Toffaha (21), from the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, while present in al-Sultan Suliman street in the occupied city center. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Tubas and Sebastya in Nablus governorate, Deir Istiya and al-Zawiya villages in Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 16 October 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Owa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Qusai Ghazi al-Shalash’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ashraf Samir Jawabra’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:40, an Israeli infantry unit moved into al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Samir Fayez al-Tirawi (50) and Musallam Yousef Ghawanmah (20).
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Dawoud Amer (34), while passing through it. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbiya village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ibrahim Mohammed Ladadwa’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Lo’ay Ashraf Mahmoud’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Hebron and Beit Kahel in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 17 October 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested 3 civilians, including 2 siblings, taking them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Jevara Ma’an al-Namoura (24), Akram (33)  and Kayed (30) Mohammed al-Fasfous.
  • IOF carried out (10) incursions in Sebastia and Beit Dajan villages in Nablus; Halhul city and Nuba, Taffuh and Hadab villages in Hebron; and Yatma, Iraq Burin, Urif, and Tell villages in Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 18 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ibrahim Nimer al-Nouri’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Khaled Abu al-Hawa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF stationed at al-Za’im military checkpoint, east of occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Mohammed Murshed Za’aqeeq (24), from Beit Ummar village in northern Hebron, while passing through the checkpoint.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested Yousef Ashraf Jawabrah (19) after stopping him at a military checkpoint, at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. Jawabrah was taken to a detention center in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tarqumiyah in Hebron; Jalazone camp in northern Ramallah .No arrests were reported.

Monday, 19 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Adam Yousef ‘Obaid’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Saf Street in central Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner ‘Abed al-Hado ‘Aref Hammad and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Deir Jarir village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Yehia Mosbah ‘Alawi’s (26) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Beit El” settlement, north of Al-Bireh.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Ibrahim Rashad Sowan (21) and Hozaifa ‘Abed al-Naser Ghanem (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Mohammed Helwa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Majd Mohammed Mutair (24) and Fahmi Mohammed ‘Edwan (21) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. They raided and searched 4 houses, from which they arrested Saleem Mazen Jawabrah (19), Qusai Sakem al-Badawi (19), Tamer Samer al-Badawi (20), and Mohammed Jamal al-Badawi (21).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Mohammed Yehia Mutair (29) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched ‘Abed al-Qader ‘amer Abu ‘Ishah’s (59) house and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:58, IOF moved into ‘Atouf village in Central Jordan Valley, east of Tammun village, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF stationed in the village’s eastern side, where they prevented ‘Ayid Mostafa ‘Abed al-Razeq Bani ‘Odah from casting his house roof. IOF also detained the workers’ IDs and ordered the mounted-crane truck owner to leave the village.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Fatama Rabah Abu al-Humus (17) and Sadeen Fadi Mostafa (17) while present on Salah al-Deen Street in central occupied East Jerusalem. IOF pushed them under the pretext that they did not wear masks and imposed fines of NIS 1500 on them. Both of them were taken to a police station on Salah al-Deen Street. Meanwhile, Palestinian young men gathered in the area to help the two girls and verbal altercation erupted between them and IOF. 
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, one of al-Aqsa Mosque neighborhoods. They raided and searched Hamza al-Joulani’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested al-Aqsa Mosque guards Saied al-Salimah (48) and Issa Barakat (42) from their workplace in the al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, taking them to al-Qashla Police Station. They were interrogated for several hours and released later, provided that they will be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for a week.
  • At approximately 18:50, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ameen ‘Obaid’s (46) house and arrested him along with his son ‘Odai (20). It should be noted that ‘Odai served 18 months in the Israeli jails, and he was released few hours before raiding his house.
  • IOF carried out (1) incursion in Al-Bireh city. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 20 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hitham Mer’i Shehada (34) and Saif Hafzi Abu Lebda (27) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Abu Subaieh’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Nour Waleed Mohammed Musbah’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 12:15, IOF stationed at the entrance to  Jit village, north of Qalqilya, arrested Khaled ‘Ali Redwan (26), from Nabi Ilyas village, east of Qalqilya.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm’s eastern neighborhood. They raided and searched a restaurant in the mentioned neighborhood and arrested Amjad Mohammed Ahmed Abu Shanab (45), who is working the restaurant, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed near the entrance to Izbat al-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya, arrested 3 civilians, from Azzun village. The arrestees were identified as Yehia ‘Abed al-Hafiz ‘Ali Edwan (22), Mohammed Qaher Abu Haniyia (22) and Majd Radi Ahmed Radi (24).
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed at Tayaseer military checkpoint, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank, arrested Hitham Nedal Qasrawi (19), from Tubas, while returning from his workplace and passing through the checkpoint.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tulkarm city and in Deir al-Ghusun and Zeita villages in northern Tulkarm .No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 21 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Aida Camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Wesam Yousef Badawna (20) and Mostafa Ibrahim Qanees (34) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:55, IOF moved into Beitunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ahmed Riyad Shehada’s house and arrested his sons ‘Abed al-Hadi (22) and Mohammed (26).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Kalandia Camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mostafa Mohammed Mutair (20) and Osama Nai’em Hamad (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Hamza Habes ‘Alami’s (20) house and arrested him. 
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Ayoub neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mahmoud Mohanad ‘Odah (15) and Sultan Samer Sarhan (15) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Dawha village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Anas ‘Adnan Malash (25) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kafr Qallil village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses and arrested Thaier Waleed ‘Abed al-Jaleel Ahmed ‘Amer (40).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Wadi Abu Freha area, north of Beit Sahour city. They raided and searched Mohammed Ibrahim ‘Abiyat’s (42) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ash-Shuyukh village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Marwan Mohammed Hasasnah’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Nasrallah Mahmoud Mahmoud (18) and Taj al-Deen Maher Muhaisin (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli infantry unit moved into Sebastia village, southwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They arrested Ramzi Naser al-Haj (20), ‘Ali Maher Ghazal (19) and Khaled Nadi ‘Azzam (20).
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Yatta, Surif and Idhna villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Collective Punishment Measures

  • As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF sealed a room belonging to a Palestinian imprisoned by Israel.

According to PCHR’s fieldworker, at approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF accompanied with a truck loaded with plastic pipes filled with water and other materials moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, northern West Bank. They stationed in the village’s southern neighborhood and surrounded ‘Asfour family 3-storey building that shelters 3 families (20 persons, including 8 children). The building is owned by 3 brothers, including Nazmi Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour (49), who is imprisoned by Israel on charges of killing an Israeli soldier in Ya’bad village on 12 May 2020. IOF locked the three families in a room on the ground floor; then soldiers went up to ‘Asfour’s bedroom on the third floor, closed the room and hung a small board on its door written on it: “The room was closed with polyurethane foam (a flammable substance that has an unpleasant odor), upon an order issued by the Israeli military commander.” At approximately 06:30, IOF withdrew, but the family was unable to enter the building due to the foul smell stemming from the substance placed in the room.

Ra’fat ‘Atiyia Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour (25) stated the following to PCHR’s fieldworker:

At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF raided our 3-storey house in al-Saliymah neighborhood in Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. The house shelters 3 siblings and their families. I live on the 1st floor along with my father ‘Atiya Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour, my mother, and my brother; while my uncle Rebhi and his family of 7 members live on the 2nd floor; and my uncle Nazmi and his family of 9 members live on the 3rd floor. IOF detained us in one room located on the 1st floor. Meanwhile, some soldiers went up to the third floor and entered my uncle’s bedroom, who is a prisoner in Israeli jails, and closed it upon an order issued by the Israeli military commander. My family denies all charges against my uncle Nazmi. IOF stayed in the building until 6:30. After their withdrawal, we headed towards the third floor, but we could not enter the building due to the unpleasant smell emanating from the material placed in the room. I could see a board written on it “Upon a decision issued by the Israeli military commander, the room was closed with polyurethane foam.”

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 14:05 on Thursday, 14 October 2020, IOF stormed Al-Hamma village in Jordan’s northern valleys, southeast of Tubas, north of the West bank. IOF confiscated a bulldozer and a truck, which were beside an agricultural road that was paved in the abovementioned village. The confiscated bulldozer and the truck that were owned by Obai Mustafa Kamel Thaher, from Ain Al Beida village in Jordan’s northern valleys were taken to “Mehola” settlement in the northern valleys without any confiscation paper.  IOF claimed that the confiscation was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • On Saturday morning, 17 October 2020, Ayman Mousa Ja’abis started evacuating his commercial shop in al-Salah neighborhood in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem in order to self-demolish to implement the Israeli Municipality’s decision under the pretext of illegal construction.

Ja’abis said that he established his 60-square-meter shop to sell construction materials in 2015. After one week of his construction, Israeli municipality raided the shop and handed Ja’abis the demolition decision. Ja’abis clarified that he headed to the Israeli court to freeze the demolition decision and he hired a lawyer and an engineer to start measures of obtaining the shop. He added that the Israeli municipality rejected giving him a license under the pretext of establishing “The American Road” Project and imposed a fine of NIS 70,000 in addition to the lawyer and the engineer’s fees. Ja’abis emphasized that IOF lately raided his shop and gave 72 hours to demolish it, or the municipality crews will demolish it and then impose him demolition costs. Therefore, he had to self-demolish his shop. Ja’abis said that his shop was his sole source of income for him and his family comprised of 7 individuals and he searched for a small shop in the village and nearby villages, but he failed to find one.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles, a bulldozer, and 2 diggers, and accompanied with Civil Administration officers stormed al-Fakhit area, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed in the area while the bulldozers demolished  4 facilities owned by  Akram Sari Mohammed Nawajah (45):
  • A tent comprised of shader and built on (20sqm) and used as a store.
  • A residential room built of bricks and tin plate on (30sqm).
  • Barracks build of tin plate and rocks on (130sqm) and used for sheltering 100 sheep.
  • A barn built of shader and rocks on an area of (80sqm).
  • At approximately 10:40 on Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration officers and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Farisiyah village in Jordan’s northern valleys, east of Tubas. The demolished a barracks built on (100sqm) used for living owned by Radad Hamed Rezeq Daraghmah. The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The bulldozer also demolished a water spring that was repaired more than 7 years ago by a group of hydrologists. Demolishing it caused damage to a fish project. IOF also confiscated a vehicle and power engine owned by Daraghmah.
  • At approximately 00:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, IOF accompanied with a bulldozer stormed Qalqilya. They demolished a market stall built on (500sqm) owned by Abdulla Abdul Fattah Yasin and Mahdi Redwan Dawoud, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (G) that is under the IOF’s control. It should be noted that the demolition implemented before the end of the appeal period to the Israeli Supreme Court as no final decision was issued for the demolition. The owners received a demolition notice 4 months ago and they hired a lawyer who filed a case. However, the submitted appeal received no response.
  •  On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF demolished a tent in Beit Iksa village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem and forced its owner to leave it by force. Beit Iksa Village’s Municipality stated that IOF stormed north of the village and demolished a tent owned by Khalil Abu Dahouk and forced him to leave the area along with his sheep. It should be noted that Beit Iksa village faces difficult conditions as IOF established a permanent checkpoint at its entrance and they prevent civilians from entering or leaving it, except under impossible conditions. IOF also deny this village’s resident from communication with other adjacent villages. Beit Iksa village also is subjected to harassments by IOF that seek to isolate it from other villages. IOF allow Beit Iksa village’s residents to live and construct in 700 dunums only of a 7398 dunums of the village. The Israeli the Israeli Civil Administration  seize control of most of the village distance and use it to prevents its residents from urban expansion in the village that is surrounded by the annexation wall. IOF also confiscated large areas of Beit Iksa lands for various purposes, such as establishing “Ramot” and “Har Shmuel” Settlements in addition to the annexation wall that isolates the village of its agricultural lands.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by several military SUVs and accompanied with Civil Administration officers and a digger stormed “Tal Al-Samadi” area in Jiftlik village, north of Jericho. They demolished a house built of bricks and tin plates on (40sqm) owned by Hasan Salem Ka’abna under the pretext of illegal construction.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 06:00 on Saturday, 17 October 2020, Bilal Mohammed Raja went to his land in al-Sahlat area, east of Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus near Shvut Rachel settlement, to harvest the olive. Raja found out that Israeli settlers broke and uprooted 25 olive trees, knowing that these trees were implanted 6 years ago.
  • On Monday morning, 19 October 2020, a group of setters from “Elon Moreh” settlement established on lands of Salim, Azmut , and Deir al-Hatab villages, northeast of Nablus, pumped waste-water from inside their settlement to civilians’ lands implanted with olive trees in the eastern side of Deir al-Hatab village, coinciding with the time to harvest the olive, which caused  big loss for farmers after the trees were polluted.

V. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 58 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 9 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Beit Ijza village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, east of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the northern entrance to Tuqu village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, and the southern entrance to Nahalin village, west of the city.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, northern entrance to al-Khader village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 20 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, and the square of Fureidis village, east of Bethlehem.
  •  On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection to Tuqu village, the intersection to al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ras Karkar village, west of Ramallah.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the intersection of At-Tayba village ( at the road linking between Ramallah and Jericho), east of Ramallah, the entrance to Ein Yabrud village, east of the city, and the main entrance to Nabi Salih village, northeast of Ramallah.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Yatta, Dura, and as-Samu village.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Surif and Bani Na’im villages.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: al-Fawar refugee camp, Ash-Shuyukh village, Hebron’s southern entrance, and Kharsa village.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: Hebron’s northern entrance, al-Aroub refugee camp, and Jalajel village.
  • On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established 7 checkpoints at the entrances to Idhna village, al-Fawar refugee camp, ad-Dhahiriya village, Hebron’s southern, entrance, and northern entrances, and as-Samu village.

Nablus:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sarra village, southwest of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at al-Marba’a area ( at the road linking between villages in southeast and southwest of Nablus).
  • On Monday 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sebastia village (at the road linking between Nablus and Jenin).

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection to Zahrat al-Fenjan, and the entrance to Az-Zawiya village, south of Jenin.
  • On Sunday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Yabad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a t the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Istiya village, north of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the road linking between Azzun and Jayyous villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho. The soldiers searched civilians and checked their ID cards.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint near the Arab Development Society, east of Jericho.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint  at the southern entrance to Jericho.
IOF closed prisoner Nazmi ‘Asfour’s room in Jenin

15 – 21 October 2020

  • 5 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children and a journalist, wounded in IOF excessive use of force
  • shootings reported at agricultural lands and 2 others against fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 97 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 95 civilians arrested, including 8 children
  • Collective punishment policy: IOF seals a detainee’s room in Jenin
  • Settler-attacks: Olive trees damaged, and lands flooded with wastewater in the West Bank
  • IOF established 85 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 9 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks rendered 5 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force. IOF also continued to create new-facts on the  ground by maintain its policy of demolishing, confiscating and razing Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes. Israeli-settler attacks witnessed an increase against farmers and agricultural lands as this time of the year marks the olive harvest season.

The publishing of this report is accompanied by the rapidly deteriorating health condition of on-hunger-strike Palestinian administrative detainee Maher al-Akhras (50); al-Akhras has been on hunger strike since the first day of his arrest by IOF on 27 July 2020, marking the 87th consecutive day in protest to his detention without charge or trial. Al-Akhras continues to be locked in under administrative detention despite his critical health. PCHR renews its call upon the international community to pressure Israel to release al-Akhras, as no legal means can be pursued for this purpose due to the nature of administrative detention which is conducted without charge or trial. PCHR urges the High Commissioner for Human Rights and Special Rapporteur for the Occupied Palestinian Territory in 1967 to intervene immediately to facilitate his release.

This week, PCHR documented 178 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 5 civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank, including 2 children and a journalist. The journalist was shot and wounded due to IOF oppression of a protest in Ramallah, 2 Palestinians sustained wounds in IOF suppression of Kafr Qaddum – Qalqilya weekly protest; 2 children wounded in clashes in Hebron.

In the Gaza Strip, 2 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip. Israeli warplanes launched an airstrike at a vacant land eastern Deir al-Balah, Central Gaza.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 97 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 95 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children.

Collective Punishment Policy: As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF sealed Nazmi Asfour’s room; Asfour is imprisoned by Israel and he is from Yabad village in Jenin.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 7 violations, including:

  • Tubas: construction vehicle and truck confiscated; tin-plated barracks (100sqm) demolished, and a spring razed.
  • East Jerusalem: store vacated for demolition, and a tent was demolished;
  • Hebron: 4 facilities demolished;
  • Qalqilya: supermarket demolished;
  • Jericho: a house (made of bricks and tin plates) demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 2 attacks: 25 olive trees damaged in Qaryut; agricultural lands flooded with wastewater in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

 I. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity

  • At approximately 18:00 on Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF stormed the main road of Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They deployed between civilians’ houses and stores, positioned on the rooftops of the buildings and forced stores’ owners to close shop. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses in al-Mahmoud neighborhood, and arrested Mohammed Dawoud Mahmoud (16). Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered at the entrance of the neighborhood and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF vehicles, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Friday, 16 October 2020, villagers from Barqa village, east of Ramallah, organized a peaceful demonstration, attended by Waleed Assaf, the head of the National Commission against the Annexation Wall and Colonies, and a number of foreign solidarity activists. The demonstrators gathered and launched from al-Nour mosque, in the center of the village, heading to the agricultural lands in Ra’s al-‘Aqaba area, northwest of Barqa, adjacent to Bypass (60). The protest was against settlers’ attacks on their lands during the annual olive harvest, as the protestors sang their national slogans calling for ending the occupation and condemning its crimes. As they arrived, they found a group of settlers, protected by the Israeli forces, who attempted to prevent Palestinians from entering their lands for the olive harvest, but the protestors confronted them and managed to access their lands. IOF fired rubber bullets, teargas canisters and sound bombs. The clashes resulted in dozens of protestors suffocating due to teargas inhalation, and (4) civilians were hit with rubber bullets, including the journalist Hisham Abu Shaqra, a photographer at the Anadolu Agency, who was hit with a rubber bullet in the neck. The injured civilians were taken to Palestine Medical Center in Ramallah. During the clashes, IOF attacked the three journalists; Emad Mohammed Is’eid Khaled Sabarna and Abood Younis, by pushing and assaulting them. The clashes continued until 11:00; the settlers set fire to 5 perennial olive trees, parts of them were damaged before the villagers succeeded in putting out the fire.
  • At approximately 12:30 on Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest attended by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 2 civilians were shot; one of them was shot in his chest, and the other was shot in his lower limbs.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Batn al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and deployed between civilians’ houses and stores, and started searching civilians and checking their ID cards. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 17 October 2020, a group of Palestinian activists organized a peaceful protest near the bypass road (317), east of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. The participants raised Palestinian flags and chanted national slogans, until the Israeli forces came and banned the participants to move further. Meanwhile, IOF attacked Suliman Eid al-Hathalin (70), and took him to their military vehicles, and then to a detention center in “Carmiel” settlement; he was released an hour later.
  • At approximately 16:00, a group of young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiya area, in the center of Hebron, where the Israeli soldiers established a military checkpoint on the entrance of al-Shuhada’ closed street. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by chasing the stone-throwers and firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes continued until approximately 19:00 and resulted in 2 children sustaining wounds; a 14-year-old was shot in the head, and a 13-year-old was shot in the right leg. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 08:25 on Sunday, 18 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened heavy fire at them causing fear and panic among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened fire at them and a number of flare bombs in the sky, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, Israeli warplane fired 2 missiles at an empty land east of Wadi al-Salqa village, east of Deir al-Balah, no injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 07:20 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF stationed inside the border fence with Israel east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a, and no injuries were reported. At approximately 14:30, IOF opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara, and no injuries were reported.

II. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 15 October 2020:

  • At approximately 12:35, IOF moved into Sebastya village, northwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ayham Nahed Aqel (21) and Shahed Arafat Kayed (20).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Arafat Hamdan (19) and Mohammed Khalil Hamdan (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jabal al-Mawalih area, in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Awwad Awwad’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Yitma village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Moheeb Lafi Snobar (21) and Oday Ahmed Snobar (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Anas Maher Jouda (23) and Mo’taz Nazih Badawna (21) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:40, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Nobough Najm al-Barghouthi (33) and Melad Tawfiq Sha’ban (32) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Azoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched three houses belonging to Montaser Abdullah Zemari (30) and Esam Rasheed Radwan (31) and his brother Mohammed (33) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kafl Hares village, north of Salfit. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yehya Abdul Fattah al-As’ad (20) and Salem Mohammed Abu Mas’oud (23) and arrested them. Meanwhile, IOF raided and searched Abdul Salam Mahmoud Abu Ya’qoub’s (30) house, by broking the door of the house.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al0Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched dozens of houses and arrested (12) civilians including 4 children and took them to al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem. (Arrestees names are available at PCHR).
  • During dawn hours, IOF moved into al-Zawiya village, west of Salfit. They raided and searched Sohaib Ibrahim Shuqair’s house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Amjad Gharouf and As’ad Ajaj, while documenting the entrance of a Gulf delegation to al-Aqsa Mosque under the Israeli forces’ heavy protection and took them to one of the investigation centers in the occupied city.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Khalayil al-Lawz area, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Morad Melsh’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested Mohammed Khaled Toffaha (21), from the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, while present in al-Sultan Suliman street in the occupied city center. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Tubas and Sebastya in Nablus governorate, Deir Istiya and al-Zawiya villages in Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 16 October 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Owa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Qusai Ghazi al-Shalash’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ashraf Samir Jawabra’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:40, an Israeli infantry unit moved into al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Samir Fayez al-Tirawi (50) and Musallam Yousef Ghawanmah (20).
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Dawoud Amer (34), while passing through it. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbiya village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ibrahim Mohammed Ladadwa’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Lo’ay Ashraf Mahmoud’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Hebron and Beit Kahel in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 17 October 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested 3 civilians, including 2 siblings, taking them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Jevara Ma’an al-Namoura (24), Akram (33)  and Kayed (30) Mohammed al-Fasfous.
  • IOF carried out (10) incursions in Sebastia and Beit Dajan villages in Nablus; Halhul city and Nuba, Taffuh and Hadab villages in Hebron; and Yatma, Iraq Burin, Urif, and Tell villages in Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 18 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ibrahim Nimer al-Nouri’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Khaled Abu al-Hawa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF stationed at al-Za’im military checkpoint, east of occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Mohammed Murshed Za’aqeeq (24), from Beit Ummar village in northern Hebron, while passing through the checkpoint.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested Yousef Ashraf Jawabrah (19) after stopping him at a military checkpoint, at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. Jawabrah was taken to a detention center in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tarqumiyah in Hebron; Jalazone camp in northern Ramallah .No arrests were reported.

Monday, 19 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Adam Yousef ‘Obaid’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Saf Street in central Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner ‘Abed al-Hado ‘Aref Hammad and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Deir Jarir village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Yehia Mosbah ‘Alawi’s (26) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Beit El” settlement, north of Al-Bireh.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Ibrahim Rashad Sowan (21) and Hozaifa ‘Abed al-Naser Ghanem (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Mohammed Helwa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Majd Mohammed Mutair (24) and Fahmi Mohammed ‘Edwan (21) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. They raided and searched 4 houses, from which they arrested Saleem Mazen Jawabrah (19), Qusai Sakem al-Badawi (19), Tamer Samer al-Badawi (20), and Mohammed Jamal al-Badawi (21).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Mohammed Yehia Mutair (29) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched ‘Abed al-Qader ‘amer Abu ‘Ishah’s (59) house and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:58, IOF moved into ‘Atouf village in Central Jordan Valley, east of Tammun village, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF stationed in the village’s eastern side, where they prevented ‘Ayid Mostafa ‘Abed al-Razeq Bani ‘Odah from casting his house roof. IOF also detained the workers’ IDs and ordered the mounted-crane truck owner to leave the village.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Fatama Rabah Abu al-Humus (17) and Sadeen Fadi Mostafa (17) while present on Salah al-Deen Street in central occupied East Jerusalem. IOF pushed them under the pretext that they did not wear masks and imposed fines of NIS 1500 on them. Both of them were taken to a police station on Salah al-Deen Street. Meanwhile, Palestinian young men gathered in the area to help the two girls and verbal altercation erupted between them and IOF. 
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, one of al-Aqsa Mosque neighborhoods. They raided and searched Hamza al-Joulani’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested al-Aqsa Mosque guards Saied al-Salimah (48) and Issa Barakat (42) from their workplace in the al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, taking them to al-Qashla Police Station. They were interrogated for several hours and released later, provided that they will be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for a week.
  • At approximately 18:50, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ameen ‘Obaid’s (46) house and arrested him along with his son ‘Odai (20). It should be noted that ‘Odai served 18 months in the Israeli jails, and he was released few hours before raiding his house.
  • IOF carried out (1) incursion in Al-Bireh city. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 20 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hitham Mer’i Shehada (34) and Saif Hafzi Abu Lebda (27) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Abu Subaieh’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Nour Waleed Mohammed Musbah’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 12:15, IOF stationed at the entrance to  Jit village, north of Qalqilya, arrested Khaled ‘Ali Redwan (26), from Nabi Ilyas village, east of Qalqilya.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm’s eastern neighborhood. They raided and searched a restaurant in the mentioned neighborhood and arrested Amjad Mohammed Ahmed Abu Shanab (45), who is working the restaurant, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed near the entrance to Izbat al-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya, arrested 3 civilians, from Azzun village. The arrestees were identified as Yehia ‘Abed al-Hafiz ‘Ali Edwan (22), Mohammed Qaher Abu Haniyia (22) and Majd Radi Ahmed Radi (24).
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed at Tayaseer military checkpoint, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank, arrested Hitham Nedal Qasrawi (19), from Tubas, while returning from his workplace and passing through the checkpoint.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tulkarm city and in Deir al-Ghusun and Zeita villages in northern Tulkarm .No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 21 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Aida Camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Wesam Yousef Badawna (20) and Mostafa Ibrahim Qanees (34) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:55, IOF moved into Beitunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ahmed Riyad Shehada’s house and arrested his sons ‘Abed al-Hadi (22) and Mohammed (26).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Kalandia Camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mostafa Mohammed Mutair (20) and Osama Nai’em Hamad (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Hamza Habes ‘Alami’s (20) house and arrested him. 
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Ayoub neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mahmoud Mohanad ‘Odah (15) and Sultan Samer Sarhan (15) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Dawha village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Anas ‘Adnan Malash (25) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kafr Qallil village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses and arrested Thaier Waleed ‘Abed al-Jaleel Ahmed ‘Amer (40).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Wadi Abu Freha area, north of Beit Sahour city. They raided and searched Mohammed Ibrahim ‘Abiyat’s (42) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ash-Shuyukh village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Marwan Mohammed Hasasnah’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Nasrallah Mahmoud Mahmoud (18) and Taj al-Deen Maher Muhaisin (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli infantry unit moved into Sebastia village, southwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They arrested Ramzi Naser al-Haj (20), ‘Ali Maher Ghazal (19) and Khaled Nadi ‘Azzam (20).
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Yatta, Surif and Idhna villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Collective Punishment Measures

  • As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF sealed a room belonging to a Palestinian imprisoned by Israel.

According to PCHR’s fieldworker, at approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF accompanied with a truck loaded with plastic pipes filled with water and other materials moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, northern West Bank. They stationed in the village’s southern neighborhood and surrounded ‘Asfour family 3-storey building that shelters 3 families (20 persons, including 8 children). The building is owned by 3 brothers, including Nazmi Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour (49), who is imprisoned by Israel on charges of killing an Israeli soldier in Ya’bad village on 12 May 2020. IOF locked the three families in a room on the ground floor; then soldiers went up to ‘Asfour’s bedroom on the third floor, closed the room and hung a small board on its door written on it: “The room was closed with polyurethane foam (a flammable substance that has an unpleasant odor), upon an order issued by the Israeli military commander.” At approximately 06:30, IOF withdrew, but the family was unable to enter the building due to the foul smell stemming from the substance placed in the room.

Ra’fat ‘Atiyia Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour (25) stated the following to PCHR’s fieldworker:

At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF raided our 3-storey house in al-Saliymah neighborhood in Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. The house shelters 3 siblings and their families. I live on the 1st floor along with my father ‘Atiya Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour, my mother, and my brother; while my uncle Rebhi and his family of 7 members live on the 2nd floor; and my uncle Nazmi and his family of 9 members live on the 3rd floor. IOF detained us in one room located on the 1st floor. Meanwhile, some soldiers went up to the third floor and entered my uncle’s bedroom, who is a prisoner in Israeli jails, and closed it upon an order issued by the Israeli military commander. My family denies all charges against my uncle Nazmi. IOF stayed in the building until 6:30. After their withdrawal, we headed towards the third floor, but we could not enter the building due to the unpleasant smell emanating from the material placed in the room. I could see a board written on it “Upon a decision issued by the Israeli military commander, the room was closed with polyurethane foam.”

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 14:05 on Thursday, 14 October 2020, IOF stormed Al-Hamma village in Jordan’s northern valleys, southeast of Tubas, north of the West bank. IOF confiscated a bulldozer and a truck, which were beside an agricultural road that was paved in the abovementioned village. The confiscated bulldozer and the truck that were owned by Obai Mustafa Kamel Thaher, from Ain Al Beida village in Jordan’s northern valleys were taken to “Mehola” settlement in the northern valleys without any confiscation paper.  IOF claimed that the confiscation was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • On Saturday morning, 17 October 2020, Ayman Mousa Ja’abis started evacuating his commercial shop in al-Salah neighborhood in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem in order to self-demolish to implement the Israeli Municipality’s decision under the pretext of illegal construction.

Ja’abis said that he established his 60-square-meter shop to sell construction materials in 2015. After one week of his construction, Israeli municipality raided the shop and handed Ja’abis the demolition decision. Ja’abis clarified that he headed to the Israeli court to freeze the demolition decision and he hired a lawyer and an engineer to start measures of obtaining the shop. He added that the Israeli municipality rejected giving him a license under the pretext of establishing “The American Road” Project and imposed a fine of NIS 70,000 in addition to the lawyer and the engineer’s fees. Ja’abis emphasized that IOF lately raided his shop and gave 72 hours to demolish it, or the municipality crews will demolish it and then impose him demolition costs. Therefore, he had to self-demolish his shop. Ja’abis said that his shop was his sole source of income for him and his family comprised of 7 individuals and he searched for a small shop in the village and nearby villages, but he failed to find one.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles, a bulldozer, and 2 diggers, and accompanied with Civil Administration officers stormed al-Fakhit area, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed in the area while the bulldozers demolished  4 facilities owned by  Akram Sari Mohammed Nawajah (45):
  • A tent comprised of shader and built on (20sqm) and used as a store.
  • A residential room built of bricks and tin plate on (30sqm).
  • Barracks build of tin plate and rocks on (130sqm) and used for sheltering 100 sheep.
  • A barn built of shader and rocks on an area of (80sqm).
  • At approximately 10:40 on Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration officers and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Farisiyah village in Jordan’s northern valleys, east of Tubas. The demolished a barracks built on (100sqm) used for living owned by Radad Hamed Rezeq Daraghmah. The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The bulldozer also demolished a water spring that was repaired more than 7 years ago by a group of hydrologists. Demolishing it caused damage to a fish project. IOF also confiscated a vehicle and power engine owned by Daraghmah.
  • At approximately 00:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, IOF accompanied with a bulldozer stormed Qalqilya. They demolished a market stall built on (500sqm) owned by Abdulla Abdul Fattah Yasin and Mahdi Redwan Dawoud, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (G) that is under the IOF’s control. It should be noted that the demolition implemented before the end of the appeal period to the Israeli Supreme Court as no final decision was issued for the demolition. The owners received a demolition notice 4 months ago and they hired a lawyer who filed a case. However, the submitted appeal received no response.
  •  On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF demolished a tent in Beit Iksa village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem and forced its owner to leave it by force. Beit Iksa Village’s Municipality stated that IOF stormed north of the village and demolished a tent owned by Khalil Abu Dahouk and forced him to leave the area along with his sheep. It should be noted that Beit Iksa village faces difficult conditions as IOF established a permanent checkpoint at its entrance and they prevent civilians from entering or leaving it, except under impossible conditions. IOF also deny this village’s resident from communication with other adjacent villages. Beit Iksa village also is subjected to harassments by IOF that seek to isolate it from other villages. IOF allow Beit Iksa village’s residents to live and construct in 700 dunums only of a 7398 dunums of the village. The Israeli the Israeli Civil Administration  seize control of most of the village distance and use it to prevents its residents from urban expansion in the village that is surrounded by the annexation wall. IOF also confiscated large areas of Beit Iksa lands for various purposes, such as establishing “Ramot” and “Har Shmuel” Settlements in addition to the annexation wall that isolates the village of its agricultural lands.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by several military SUVs and accompanied with Civil Administration officers and a digger stormed “Tal Al-Samadi” area in Jiftlik village, north of Jericho. They demolished a house built of bricks and tin plates on (40sqm) owned by Hasan Salem Ka’abna under the pretext of illegal construction.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 06:00 on Saturday, 17 October 2020, Bilal Mohammed Raja went to his land in al-Sahlat area, east of Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus near Shvut Rachel settlement, to harvest the olive. Raja found out that Israeli settlers broke and uprooted 25 olive trees, knowing that these trees were implanted 6 years ago.
  • On Monday morning, 19 October 2020, a group of setters from “Elon Moreh” settlement established on lands of Salim, Azmut , and Deir al-Hatab villages, northeast of Nablus, pumped waste-water from inside their settlement to civilians’ lands implanted with olive trees in the eastern side of Deir al-Hatab village, coinciding with the time to harvest the olive, which caused  big loss for farmers after the trees were polluted.

V. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 58 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 9 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Beit Ijza village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, east of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the northern entrance to Tuqu village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, and the southern entrance to Nahalin village, west of the city.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, northern entrance to al-Khader village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 20 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, and the square of Fureidis village, east of Bethlehem.
  •  On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection to Tuqu village, the intersection to al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ras Karkar village, west of Ramallah.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the intersection of At-Tayba village ( at the road linking between Ramallah and Jericho), east of Ramallah, the entrance to Ein Yabrud village, east of the city, and the main entrance to Nabi Salih village, northeast of Ramallah.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Yatta, Dura, and as-Samu village.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Surif and Bani Na’im villages.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: al-Fawar refugee camp, Ash-Shuyukh village, Hebron’s southern entrance, and Kharsa village.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: Hebron’s northern entrance, al-Aroub refugee camp, and Jalajel village.
  • On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established 7 checkpoints at the entrances to Idhna village, al-Fawar refugee camp, ad-Dhahiriya village, Hebron’s southern, entrance, and northern entrances, and as-Samu village.

Nablus:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sarra village, southwest of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at al-Marba’a area ( at the road linking between villages in southeast and southwest of Nablus).
  • On Monday 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sebastia village (at the road linking between Nablus and Jenin).

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection to Zahrat al-Fenjan, and the entrance to Az-Zawiya village, south of Jenin.
  • On Sunday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Yabad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a t the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Istiya village, north of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the road linking between Azzun and Jayyous villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho. The soldiers searched civilians and checked their ID cards.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint near the Arab Development Society, east of Jericho.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint  at the southern entrance to Jericho.
IOF closed prisoner Nazmi ‘Asfour’s room in Jenin

15 – 21 October 2020

  • 5 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children and a journalist, wounded in IOF excessive use of force
  • shootings reported at agricultural lands and 2 others against fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 97 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 95 civilians arrested, including 8 children
  • Collective punishment policy: IOF seals a detainee’s room in Jenin
  • Settler-attacks: Olive trees damaged, and lands flooded with wastewater in the West Bank
  • IOF established 85 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 9 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks rendered 5 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force. IOF also continued to create new-facts on the  ground by maintain its policy of demolishing, confiscating and razing Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes. Israeli-settler attacks witnessed an increase against farmers and agricultural lands as this time of the year marks the olive harvest season.

The publishing of this report is accompanied by the rapidly deteriorating health condition of on-hunger-strike Palestinian administrative detainee Maher al-Akhras (50); al-Akhras has been on hunger strike since the first day of his arrest by IOF on 27 July 2020, marking the 87th consecutive day in protest to his detention without charge or trial. Al-Akhras continues to be locked in under administrative detention despite his critical health. PCHR renews its call upon the international community to pressure Israel to release al-Akhras, as no legal means can be pursued for this purpose due to the nature of administrative detention which is conducted without charge or trial. PCHR urges the High Commissioner for Human Rights and Special Rapporteur for the Occupied Palestinian Territory in 1967 to intervene immediately to facilitate his release.

This week, PCHR documented 178 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 5 civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank, including 2 children and a journalist. The journalist was shot and wounded due to IOF oppression of a protest in Ramallah, 2 Palestinians sustained wounds in IOF suppression of Kafr Qaddum – Qalqilya weekly protest; 2 children wounded in clashes in Hebron.

In the Gaza Strip, 2 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip. Israeli warplanes launched an airstrike at a vacant land eastern Deir al-Balah, Central Gaza.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 97 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 95 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children.

Collective Punishment Policy: As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF sealed Nazmi Asfour’s room; Asfour is imprisoned by Israel and he is from Yabad village in Jenin.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 7 violations, including:

  • Tubas: construction vehicle and truck confiscated; tin-plated barracks (100sqm) demolished, and a spring razed.
  • East Jerusalem: store vacated for demolition, and a tent was demolished;
  • Hebron: 4 facilities demolished;
  • Qalqilya: supermarket demolished;
  • Jericho: a house (made of bricks and tin plates) demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 2 attacks: 25 olive trees damaged in Qaryut; agricultural lands flooded with wastewater in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

 I. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity

  • At approximately 18:00 on Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF stormed the main road of Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They deployed between civilians’ houses and stores, positioned on the rooftops of the buildings and forced stores’ owners to close shop. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses in al-Mahmoud neighborhood, and arrested Mohammed Dawoud Mahmoud (16). Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered at the entrance of the neighborhood and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF vehicles, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Friday, 16 October 2020, villagers from Barqa village, east of Ramallah, organized a peaceful demonstration, attended by Waleed Assaf, the head of the National Commission against the Annexation Wall and Colonies, and a number of foreign solidarity activists. The demonstrators gathered and launched from al-Nour mosque, in the center of the village, heading to the agricultural lands in Ra’s al-‘Aqaba area, northwest of Barqa, adjacent to Bypass (60). The protest was against settlers’ attacks on their lands during the annual olive harvest, as the protestors sang their national slogans calling for ending the occupation and condemning its crimes. As they arrived, they found a group of settlers, protected by the Israeli forces, who attempted to prevent Palestinians from entering their lands for the olive harvest, but the protestors confronted them and managed to access their lands. IOF fired rubber bullets, teargas canisters and sound bombs. The clashes resulted in dozens of protestors suffocating due to teargas inhalation, and (4) civilians were hit with rubber bullets, including the journalist Hisham Abu Shaqra, a photographer at the Anadolu Agency, who was hit with a rubber bullet in the neck. The injured civilians were taken to Palestine Medical Center in Ramallah. During the clashes, IOF attacked the three journalists; Emad Mohammed Is’eid Khaled Sabarna and Abood Younis, by pushing and assaulting them. The clashes continued until 11:00; the settlers set fire to 5 perennial olive trees, parts of them were damaged before the villagers succeeded in putting out the fire.
  • At approximately 12:30 on Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest attended by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 2 civilians were shot; one of them was shot in his chest, and the other was shot in his lower limbs.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Batn al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and deployed between civilians’ houses and stores, and started searching civilians and checking their ID cards. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 17 October 2020, a group of Palestinian activists organized a peaceful protest near the bypass road (317), east of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. The participants raised Palestinian flags and chanted national slogans, until the Israeli forces came and banned the participants to move further. Meanwhile, IOF attacked Suliman Eid al-Hathalin (70), and took him to their military vehicles, and then to a detention center in “Carmiel” settlement; he was released an hour later.
  • At approximately 16:00, a group of young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiya area, in the center of Hebron, where the Israeli soldiers established a military checkpoint on the entrance of al-Shuhada’ closed street. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by chasing the stone-throwers and firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes continued until approximately 19:00 and resulted in 2 children sustaining wounds; a 14-year-old was shot in the head, and a 13-year-old was shot in the right leg. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 08:25 on Sunday, 18 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened heavy fire at them causing fear and panic among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened fire at them and a number of flare bombs in the sky, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, Israeli warplane fired 2 missiles at an empty land east of Wadi al-Salqa village, east of Deir al-Balah, no injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 07:20 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF stationed inside the border fence with Israel east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a, and no injuries were reported. At approximately 14:30, IOF opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara, and no injuries were reported.

II. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 15 October 2020:

  • At approximately 12:35, IOF moved into Sebastya village, northwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ayham Nahed Aqel (21) and Shahed Arafat Kayed (20).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Arafat Hamdan (19) and Mohammed Khalil Hamdan (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jabal al-Mawalih area, in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Awwad Awwad’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Yitma village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Moheeb Lafi Snobar (21) and Oday Ahmed Snobar (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Anas Maher Jouda (23) and Mo’taz Nazih Badawna (21) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:40, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Nobough Najm al-Barghouthi (33) and Melad Tawfiq Sha’ban (32) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Azoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched three houses belonging to Montaser Abdullah Zemari (30) and Esam Rasheed Radwan (31) and his brother Mohammed (33) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kafl Hares village, north of Salfit. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yehya Abdul Fattah al-As’ad (20) and Salem Mohammed Abu Mas’oud (23) and arrested them. Meanwhile, IOF raided and searched Abdul Salam Mahmoud Abu Ya’qoub’s (30) house, by broking the door of the house.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al0Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched dozens of houses and arrested (12) civilians including 4 children and took them to al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem. (Arrestees names are available at PCHR).
  • During dawn hours, IOF moved into al-Zawiya village, west of Salfit. They raided and searched Sohaib Ibrahim Shuqair’s house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Amjad Gharouf and As’ad Ajaj, while documenting the entrance of a Gulf delegation to al-Aqsa Mosque under the Israeli forces’ heavy protection and took them to one of the investigation centers in the occupied city.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Khalayil al-Lawz area, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Morad Melsh’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested Mohammed Khaled Toffaha (21), from the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, while present in al-Sultan Suliman street in the occupied city center. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Tubas and Sebastya in Nablus governorate, Deir Istiya and al-Zawiya villages in Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 16 October 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Owa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Qusai Ghazi al-Shalash’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ashraf Samir Jawabra’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:40, an Israeli infantry unit moved into al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Samir Fayez al-Tirawi (50) and Musallam Yousef Ghawanmah (20).
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Dawoud Amer (34), while passing through it. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbiya village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ibrahim Mohammed Ladadwa’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Lo’ay Ashraf Mahmoud’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Hebron and Beit Kahel in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 17 October 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested 3 civilians, including 2 siblings, taking them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Jevara Ma’an al-Namoura (24), Akram (33)  and Kayed (30) Mohammed al-Fasfous.
  • IOF carried out (10) incursions in Sebastia and Beit Dajan villages in Nablus; Halhul city and Nuba, Taffuh and Hadab villages in Hebron; and Yatma, Iraq Burin, Urif, and Tell villages in Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 18 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ibrahim Nimer al-Nouri’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Khaled Abu al-Hawa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF stationed at al-Za’im military checkpoint, east of occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Mohammed Murshed Za’aqeeq (24), from Beit Ummar village in northern Hebron, while passing through the checkpoint.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested Yousef Ashraf Jawabrah (19) after stopping him at a military checkpoint, at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. Jawabrah was taken to a detention center in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tarqumiyah in Hebron; Jalazone camp in northern Ramallah .No arrests were reported.

Monday, 19 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Adam Yousef ‘Obaid’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Saf Street in central Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner ‘Abed al-Hado ‘Aref Hammad and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Deir Jarir village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Yehia Mosbah ‘Alawi’s (26) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Beit El” settlement, north of Al-Bireh.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Ibrahim Rashad Sowan (21) and Hozaifa ‘Abed al-Naser Ghanem (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Mohammed Helwa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Majd Mohammed Mutair (24) and Fahmi Mohammed ‘Edwan (21) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. They raided and searched 4 houses, from which they arrested Saleem Mazen Jawabrah (19), Qusai Sakem al-Badawi (19), Tamer Samer al-Badawi (20), and Mohammed Jamal al-Badawi (21).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Mohammed Yehia Mutair (29) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched ‘Abed al-Qader ‘amer Abu ‘Ishah’s (59) house and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:58, IOF moved into ‘Atouf village in Central Jordan Valley, east of Tammun village, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF stationed in the village’s eastern side, where they prevented ‘Ayid Mostafa ‘Abed al-Razeq Bani ‘Odah from casting his house roof. IOF also detained the workers’ IDs and ordered the mounted-crane truck owner to leave the village.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Fatama Rabah Abu al-Humus (17) and Sadeen Fadi Mostafa (17) while present on Salah al-Deen Street in central occupied East Jerusalem. IOF pushed them under the pretext that they did not wear masks and imposed fines of NIS 1500 on them. Both of them were taken to a police station on Salah al-Deen Street. Meanwhile, Palestinian young men gathered in the area to help the two girls and verbal altercation erupted between them and IOF. 
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, one of al-Aqsa Mosque neighborhoods. They raided and searched Hamza al-Joulani’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested al-Aqsa Mosque guards Saied al-Salimah (48) and Issa Barakat (42) from their workplace in the al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, taking them to al-Qashla Police Station. They were interrogated for several hours and released later, provided that they will be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for a week.
  • At approximately 18:50, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ameen ‘Obaid’s (46) house and arrested him along with his son ‘Odai (20). It should be noted that ‘Odai served 18 months in the Israeli jails, and he was released few hours before raiding his house.
  • IOF carried out (1) incursion in Al-Bireh city. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 20 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hitham Mer’i Shehada (34) and Saif Hafzi Abu Lebda (27) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Abu Subaieh’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Nour Waleed Mohammed Musbah’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 12:15, IOF stationed at the entrance to  Jit village, north of Qalqilya, arrested Khaled ‘Ali Redwan (26), from Nabi Ilyas village, east of Qalqilya.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm’s eastern neighborhood. They raided and searched a restaurant in the mentioned neighborhood and arrested Amjad Mohammed Ahmed Abu Shanab (45), who is working the restaurant, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed near the entrance to Izbat al-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya, arrested 3 civilians, from Azzun village. The arrestees were identified as Yehia ‘Abed al-Hafiz ‘Ali Edwan (22), Mohammed Qaher Abu Haniyia (22) and Majd Radi Ahmed Radi (24).
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed at Tayaseer military checkpoint, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank, arrested Hitham Nedal Qasrawi (19), from Tubas, while returning from his workplace and passing through the checkpoint.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tulkarm city and in Deir al-Ghusun and Zeita villages in northern Tulkarm .No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 21 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Aida Camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Wesam Yousef Badawna (20) and Mostafa Ibrahim Qanees (34) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:55, IOF moved into Beitunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ahmed Riyad Shehada’s house and arrested his sons ‘Abed al-Hadi (22) and Mohammed (26).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Kalandia Camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mostafa Mohammed Mutair (20) and Osama Nai’em Hamad (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Hamza Habes ‘Alami’s (20) house and arrested him. 
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Ayoub neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mahmoud Mohanad ‘Odah (15) and Sultan Samer Sarhan (15) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Dawha village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Anas ‘Adnan Malash (25) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kafr Qallil village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses and arrested Thaier Waleed ‘Abed al-Jaleel Ahmed ‘Amer (40).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Wadi Abu Freha area, north of Beit Sahour city. They raided and searched Mohammed Ibrahim ‘Abiyat’s (42) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ash-Shuyukh village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Marwan Mohammed Hasasnah’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Nasrallah Mahmoud Mahmoud (18) and Taj al-Deen Maher Muhaisin (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli infantry unit moved into Sebastia village, southwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They arrested Ramzi Naser al-Haj (20), ‘Ali Maher Ghazal (19) and Khaled Nadi ‘Azzam (20).
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Yatta, Surif and Idhna villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Collective Punishment Measures

  • As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF sealed a room belonging to a Palestinian imprisoned by Israel.

According to PCHR’s fieldworker, at approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF accompanied with a truck loaded with plastic pipes filled with water and other materials moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, northern West Bank. They stationed in the village’s southern neighborhood and surrounded ‘Asfour family 3-storey building that shelters 3 families (20 persons, including 8 children). The building is owned by 3 brothers, including Nazmi Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour (49), who is imprisoned by Israel on charges of killing an Israeli soldier in Ya’bad village on 12 May 2020. IOF locked the three families in a room on the ground floor; then soldiers went up to ‘Asfour’s bedroom on the third floor, closed the room and hung a small board on its door written on it: “The room was closed with polyurethane foam (a flammable substance that has an unpleasant odor), upon an order issued by the Israeli military commander.” At approximately 06:30, IOF withdrew, but the family was unable to enter the building due to the foul smell stemming from the substance placed in the room.

Ra’fat ‘Atiyia Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour (25) stated the following to PCHR’s fieldworker:

At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF raided our 3-storey house in al-Saliymah neighborhood in Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. The house shelters 3 siblings and their families. I live on the 1st floor along with my father ‘Atiya Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour, my mother, and my brother; while my uncle Rebhi and his family of 7 members live on the 2nd floor; and my uncle Nazmi and his family of 9 members live on the 3rd floor. IOF detained us in one room located on the 1st floor. Meanwhile, some soldiers went up to the third floor and entered my uncle’s bedroom, who is a prisoner in Israeli jails, and closed it upon an order issued by the Israeli military commander. My family denies all charges against my uncle Nazmi. IOF stayed in the building until 6:30. After their withdrawal, we headed towards the third floor, but we could not enter the building due to the unpleasant smell emanating from the material placed in the room. I could see a board written on it “Upon a decision issued by the Israeli military commander, the room was closed with polyurethane foam.”

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 14:05 on Thursday, 14 October 2020, IOF stormed Al-Hamma village in Jordan’s northern valleys, southeast of Tubas, north of the West bank. IOF confiscated a bulldozer and a truck, which were beside an agricultural road that was paved in the abovementioned village. The confiscated bulldozer and the truck that were owned by Obai Mustafa Kamel Thaher, from Ain Al Beida village in Jordan’s northern valleys were taken to “Mehola” settlement in the northern valleys without any confiscation paper.  IOF claimed that the confiscation was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • On Saturday morning, 17 October 2020, Ayman Mousa Ja’abis started evacuating his commercial shop in al-Salah neighborhood in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem in order to self-demolish to implement the Israeli Municipality’s decision under the pretext of illegal construction.

Ja’abis said that he established his 60-square-meter shop to sell construction materials in 2015. After one week of his construction, Israeli municipality raided the shop and handed Ja’abis the demolition decision. Ja’abis clarified that he headed to the Israeli court to freeze the demolition decision and he hired a lawyer and an engineer to start measures of obtaining the shop. He added that the Israeli municipality rejected giving him a license under the pretext of establishing “The American Road” Project and imposed a fine of NIS 70,000 in addition to the lawyer and the engineer’s fees. Ja’abis emphasized that IOF lately raided his shop and gave 72 hours to demolish it, or the municipality crews will demolish it and then impose him demolition costs. Therefore, he had to self-demolish his shop. Ja’abis said that his shop was his sole source of income for him and his family comprised of 7 individuals and he searched for a small shop in the village and nearby villages, but he failed to find one.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles, a bulldozer, and 2 diggers, and accompanied with Civil Administration officers stormed al-Fakhit area, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed in the area while the bulldozers demolished  4 facilities owned by  Akram Sari Mohammed Nawajah (45):
  • A tent comprised of shader and built on (20sqm) and used as a store.
  • A residential room built of bricks and tin plate on (30sqm).
  • Barracks build of tin plate and rocks on (130sqm) and used for sheltering 100 sheep.
  • A barn built of shader and rocks on an area of (80sqm).
  • At approximately 10:40 on Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration officers and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Farisiyah village in Jordan’s northern valleys, east of Tubas. The demolished a barracks built on (100sqm) used for living owned by Radad Hamed Rezeq Daraghmah. The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The bulldozer also demolished a water spring that was repaired more than 7 years ago by a group of hydrologists. Demolishing it caused damage to a fish project. IOF also confiscated a vehicle and power engine owned by Daraghmah.
  • At approximately 00:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, IOF accompanied with a bulldozer stormed Qalqilya. They demolished a market stall built on (500sqm) owned by Abdulla Abdul Fattah Yasin and Mahdi Redwan Dawoud, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (G) that is under the IOF’s control. It should be noted that the demolition implemented before the end of the appeal period to the Israeli Supreme Court as no final decision was issued for the demolition. The owners received a demolition notice 4 months ago and they hired a lawyer who filed a case. However, the submitted appeal received no response.
  •  On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF demolished a tent in Beit Iksa village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem and forced its owner to leave it by force. Beit Iksa Village’s Municipality stated that IOF stormed north of the village and demolished a tent owned by Khalil Abu Dahouk and forced him to leave the area along with his sheep. It should be noted that Beit Iksa village faces difficult conditions as IOF established a permanent checkpoint at its entrance and they prevent civilians from entering or leaving it, except under impossible conditions. IOF also deny this village’s resident from communication with other adjacent villages. Beit Iksa village also is subjected to harassments by IOF that seek to isolate it from other villages. IOF allow Beit Iksa village’s residents to live and construct in 700 dunums only of a 7398 dunums of the village. The Israeli the Israeli Civil Administration  seize control of most of the village distance and use it to prevents its residents from urban expansion in the village that is surrounded by the annexation wall. IOF also confiscated large areas of Beit Iksa lands for various purposes, such as establishing “Ramot” and “Har Shmuel” Settlements in addition to the annexation wall that isolates the village of its agricultural lands.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by several military SUVs and accompanied with Civil Administration officers and a digger stormed “Tal Al-Samadi” area in Jiftlik village, north of Jericho. They demolished a house built of bricks and tin plates on (40sqm) owned by Hasan Salem Ka’abna under the pretext of illegal construction.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 06:00 on Saturday, 17 October 2020, Bilal Mohammed Raja went to his land in al-Sahlat area, east of Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus near Shvut Rachel settlement, to harvest the olive. Raja found out that Israeli settlers broke and uprooted 25 olive trees, knowing that these trees were implanted 6 years ago.
  • On Monday morning, 19 October 2020, a group of setters from “Elon Moreh” settlement established on lands of Salim, Azmut , and Deir al-Hatab villages, northeast of Nablus, pumped waste-water from inside their settlement to civilians’ lands implanted with olive trees in the eastern side of Deir al-Hatab village, coinciding with the time to harvest the olive, which caused  big loss for farmers after the trees were polluted.

V. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 58 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 9 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Beit Ijza village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, east of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the northern entrance to Tuqu village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, and the southern entrance to Nahalin village, west of the city.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, northern entrance to al-Khader village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 20 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, and the square of Fureidis village, east of Bethlehem.
  •  On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection to Tuqu village, the intersection to al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ras Karkar village, west of Ramallah.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the intersection of At-Tayba village ( at the road linking between Ramallah and Jericho), east of Ramallah, the entrance to Ein Yabrud village, east of the city, and the main entrance to Nabi Salih village, northeast of Ramallah.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Yatta, Dura, and as-Samu village.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Surif and Bani Na’im villages.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: al-Fawar refugee camp, Ash-Shuyukh village, Hebron’s southern entrance, and Kharsa village.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: Hebron’s northern entrance, al-Aroub refugee camp, and Jalajel village.
  • On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established 7 checkpoints at the entrances to Idhna village, al-Fawar refugee camp, ad-Dhahiriya village, Hebron’s southern, entrance, and northern entrances, and as-Samu village.

Nablus:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sarra village, southwest of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at al-Marba’a area ( at the road linking between villages in southeast and southwest of Nablus).
  • On Monday 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sebastia village (at the road linking between Nablus and Jenin).

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection to Zahrat al-Fenjan, and the entrance to Az-Zawiya village, south of Jenin.
  • On Sunday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Yabad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a t the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Istiya village, north of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the road linking between Azzun and Jayyous villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho. The soldiers searched civilians and checked their ID cards.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint near the Arab Development Society, east of Jericho.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint  at the southern entrance to Jericho.
IOF closed prisoner Nazmi ‘Asfour’s room in Jenin
PCHR’s fieldworker, Emad Abu Hawash documents IOF demolition in Hebron

Gaza Scholars Protest Macron’s Anti-Islam Provocation (PHOTOS)

October 26, 2020

Palestinian religious scholars in Gaza protest inflammatory anti-Islam statements by French President Emmanuel Macron. (Photo: Fawzi Mahmoud, The Palestine Chronicle)

By Palestine Chronicle Staff

On Monday, Palestinian religious scholars in Gaza joined worldwide protests condemning inflammatory anti-Islamic practices and official statements by French media and government officials. 

Like many Muslims across the world, the Gaza scholars called for an economic boycott of France in response to anti-Muslim comments made by French President Emmanuel Macron, and his decision to circulate defamatory cartoons of Prophet Mohammed.

The Gaza protest was held in front of the French Cultural Center in Gaza City and came in response to a call made by the Palestinian Scholars Union to take a stance against French provocations. 

Some of the placards that the protesters held in Arabic translate to: “Prophet Mohammed stood up against injustice, built solidarity and cooperation” and “Prophet Mohammed laid the foundation for coexistence between Muslims and Non-Muslims”, while others called for immediate “Economic boycott” of France. 

Besides the provocative Prophet Mohammed cartoons, Macron earlier this month claimed that Islam is “a religion in crisis”,  announcing plans for tougher laws to confront the alleged “Islamist separatism” in his country, Anadolu News Agency reported. 

(All Photos: Fawzi Mahmoud, The Palestine Chronicle)

RCF: Ramzy and Zarefah Baroud on Gaza’s History of Resistance (WATCH)

October 22, 2020

Ramzy and Zarefah Baroud discuss Gaza’s history of resistance. (Photo: video grab)

By Rachel Corrie Foundation

The Gaza Strip has been made into an Israeli combat zone with the decided aim of crushing Palestinian resistance. Israeli weapons, most of which are courtesy of Washington, have for, at least, 14 years turned Gaza into the world’s largest open air prison. But neither prison nor siege have ended the Palestinian struggle for freedom. Palestinians in Gaza, as elsewhere, are determined to claim their rights, no matter how high the price.

The discussion touches on the stories of real Palestinians who have paid a high price for their resistance, in all of its forms.

For more information on Ramzy’s latest book, These Chains Will Be Broken, follow this link.

Dr. Ramzy Baroud is a journalist and the Editor of The Palestine Chronicle. He is the author of five books on Palestine, including My Father Was a Freedom Fighter, The Last Earth and his latest, These Chains Will Be Broken: Palestinian Stories of Struggle and Defiance in Israeli Prisons (Clarity Press, Atlanta). Baroud is a Non-resident Senior Research Fellow at the Center for Islam and Global Affairs (CIGA), Istanbul Zaim University, and at the Johannesburg-based Afro-Middle East Center (AMEC). His website is ramzybaroud.net.

Zarefah Baroud is a recent Master’s graduate from the University of Washington, researching American aid programs to the Israeli military. She works for American Muslims for Palestine in Washington DC and produces advocacy and education based content surrounding the Palestinian struggle. Baroud has published various articles on CounterPunch, Common Dreams, Socialist Worker, and others.

(Rachel Corrie Foundation)

“هآرتس”: الصاروخ يلوي ذنب الطائرة

المصدر: هآرتس

الكاتب: اللواء إحتياط إسحاق بريك

16 تشرين اول 13:36

صحيفة “هآرتس” تنشر مقالاً للواء احتياط إسحاق بريك يتحدث فيه عن أن سلاح الجو الإسرائيلي لا يمكنه توفير استجابة مناسبة في حربٍ متعددة الساحات، تُطلق فيها آلاف الصواريخ والقذائف الصاروخية كل يوم على “الداخل الإسرائيلي”.

ذكرت صحيفة “هآرتس” الإسرائيلية أنه وقبل سنوات طويلة “فهم الإيرانيون أنه من الأفضل لهم بناء تشكيل صواريخ وقذائف صاروخية حول حدود “إسرائيل” بدل صيانة أسلحة جو كبيرة وقوية”. وفيما يلي النص المترجم للمقال:

هذا الفهم ينبع من عدة أسباب:

“إسرائيل” لديها سلاح جو قوي وطائرات من الطراز الأول في العالم، مع طيارين أصحاب خبرة قتالية غنية، من الأفضل في العالم، وقدرة تفوق بعشرات المرات قدرات أسلحة جو الدول العربية التي تحيط بها.

الإيرانيون فهموا أنه لا يمكن تزويد  حماس والجهاد الإسلامي في قطاع غزة وحزب الله في لبنان، بطائرات حربية ضد الطائرات الحربية لـ “إسرائيل”. في المقابل، تقدّم تطوير الصواريخ في العالم وفي إيران أوصل إلى قدرات تفوق بمعايير كثيرة قدرات الطائرات.

وفيما يلي أساسها:

1-

تكلفات منخفضة نسبياً، كونه لا حاجة لشراء طائرات، ولا طيارين متمرسين، ولا تدريبات طيران وصيانة جارية للطائرات والمدارج – وكل هذا يستلزم نفقاتٍ طائلة في البنى التحتية والقوة البشرية.

2-

إطلاق الصواريخ لا يتطلب الكثير من التمرس والمهنية، الصواريخ والقذائف الصاروخية الأحدث، لمدايات طويلة ومتوسطة وقصيرة، برؤوسٍ حربية تزن مئات الكيلوغرامات، وقدرة دقيقة لأمتارٍ معدودة من الهدف، يمكن أن يطلقها فلّاحون.

والدليل: الصواريخ الدقيقة التي أصابت من مدى مئات الكيلومترات منشآت النفط في السعودية، وأوقعت فيها أضراراً هائلة أطلقنها جماعة أنصار الله، تقريباً من دون بذل جهدٍ كبير على فريق إطلاق الصواريخ.

3-

إطلاق الصواريخ من مدايات بعيدة ومتوسطة وقصيرة نحو تجمعاتٍ سكانية، أهداف استراتيجية، بنى تحتية اقتصادية أو مراكز سلطة، لا يتطلب وقتاً كثيراً للاستعداد، ويمكن فعله خلال وقتٍ قصير من لحظة اتخاذ قرار إطلاقها.

4-

مدة تحليق الصواريخ الثقيلة من مدى مئات الكيلومترات قصيرة جداً، عدة دقائق فقط، وهي ذات قدرة إصابة دقيقة. في المقابل، تفعيل طائرات لمدى مئات الكيلومترات هو عملية معقدة جداً، أولاً، تتطلب وقتاً أطول بكثير. رحلة ذهاب وإياب تطول ساعات، وتتطلب تخطيطاً دقيقاً ومرتبطة بمخاطر. ثانياً، كما قلنا، كلفة كل رحلة باهظة. وثالثاً، عدد الصواريخ الذكية التي تستطيع الطائرة حملها محدود.

لهذه الأسباب، نشأت مشكلة استراتيجية: سلاح الجو لا يمكنه توفير استجابة مناسبة في حربٍ متعددة الساحات، تُطلق فيها آلاف الصواريخ والقذائف الصاروخية كل يوم على الداخل الإسرائيلي.

لسنواتٍ طويلة بنت القيادة العسكرية والسياسية مفهوماً يفيد أن سلاح الجو هو العامل الحاسم في ميدان القتال، وهو ليس كذلك.

حتى لو لم يقولوا هذا على الملأ، الوقائع على الأرض تدل على ذلك ألف دلالة. حتى في حرب يوم الغفران فشل سلاح الجو فشلاً ذريعاً أمام صواريخ الأرض – جو التي أطلقها المصريون.

السلاح أعدّ نفسه لحربٍ مضت، وليس للحرب المقبلة. لأسفي، المقاربة نفسها قائمة اليوم أيضاً.

في حرب لبنان الثانية عام تموز 2006، نجح سلاح الجو في ضرب الصواريخ الثقيلة والبعيدة المدى لحزب الله وتحييد غالبيتها، لكنه لم ينجح في وقف قصف الصواريخ والقذائف الصاروخية للمدى القصير والمتوسط طوال أيام الحرب.

بحسب التقديرات، حوالى الـ300 ألف من سكان الشمال غادروا منازلهم إلى وسط البلاد في حرب لبنان الثانية.

في الحرب المقبلة لن يكون لسكان الشمال مكان يُخلون إليه، لأن مئات الصواريخ ستصيب أيضاً وسط البلاد في كل يوم، سيما صواريخ ثقيلة (التي تحمل مئات الكيلوغرامات من المواد المتفجرة) ودقيقة.

اليوم يوجد لدى حزب الله وحماس عشرات آلاف الصواريخ لمدايات بعيدة، التي تغطّي كل مراكزنا السكانية: غوش دان (الوسط وضمنه تل أبيب)، خليج حيفا، القدس، والمئات منها دقيقة.

حتى لو نجحنا في تدمير 60% من هذه الصواريخ فإن الـ40% المتبقية ستُعيد “إسرائيل” عشرات السنين إلى الوراء: ستصيب البنى التحتية للكهرباء، المياه، الوقود، الصناعة والاقتصاد، وقواعد سلاح الجو وأسلحة البر، مراكز السلطة، المطارات، وأهداف استراتيجية أخرى وتجمعات سكانية.

إطلاق حماس والجهاد الإسلامي الصواريخ والقذائف الصاروخية على غلاف غزة، وأحياناً حتى على وسط البلاد، أثبت دون أدنى شك أن سلاح الجو لوحده لا يمكنه ان ينتصر.

في الحقيقة، حتى يومنا هذا لم يُفلح في وقف نيران الصواريخ والقذائف الصاروخية. حماس والجهاد، بإرادتهما تبدآن بقصف مستوطناتنا، وبإرادتهما تتوقفان، وليس بوسع سلاح الجو أن يخلّصنا.

في كل الجولات القتالية تقريباً لم يُقتل لهما مقاتلين، لأنهم يختبئون في مدينة الأنفاق التي بنوها تحت الأرض. إذا أصابت قنابل سلاح الجو الإسرائيلي في الحرب المقبلة سكاناً أبرياء في غزة، الأمر سيخدم حماس والجهاد الإسلامي لأن هذا سيثير العالم ضدنا.

المعركة بين الحروب الدائرة منذ سنوات، تصرف انتباه قادة الجيش والسياسيين عن إعداد الجيش الإسرائيلي للحرب المقبلة.

مؤخراً انبرى الناطق باسم الجيش بمنشور عن آلاف القنابل والصواريخ (بتكلفة مليارات الشواكل)، التي أطلقتها طائراتنا على أهدافٍ سورية منذ سنة 2017 إلى اليوم. لكن هذا القصف لم يوقف التمركز الإيراني في سوريا، وكذلك لم يغير بصورة جوهرية التهديد الوجودي على “إسرائيل”، الكامن في مئات آلاف الصواريخ والقذائف الصاروخية الجاهزة لدى العدو من حول “إسرائيل”، في إيران ولدى حلفائها، وضمنها آلاف الصواريخ الدقيقة.

حتى لو أُطلقت فقط عشرات الصواريخ الدقيقة إلى أهدافٍ استراتيجية وتجمعات سكانية، يمكن أن يُنزلوا بـ”إسرائيل” ضربة فتاكة. ورغم هذا، ورغم أن الكلفة – الجدوى للمعركة بين الحروب من منظورٍ استراتيجي هي منخفضة – أُنفقت فيها ميزانيات ضخمة.

كان بالإمكان استثمار جزء من هذه المليارات على الأقل في الذراع البرية، في إقامة سلاح صواريخ هجومية وفي وسائل أكثر نجاعة لتدمير صواريخ العدو وهي تحلق.

في الحرب المقبلة، يُحتمل واقعاً لم يسبق أن اختبر سلاح الجو مثيلاً له – إطلاق العدو لصواريخ دقيقة على قواعده. هذا القصف سيُلحق أضراراً شديدة بمدارج الإقلاع وبالقواعد، بصورة يمكن أن تُضر بشدة بوتيرة إقلاع الطائرات لمهاجمة أهداف العدو. من أجل التغلب سريعاً على أضرارٍ كهذه، مطلوب قدرة عالية من الطواقم، وتأهيل عالٍ في كل قواعد سلاح الجو، المسؤولين عن ضمان الاستمرارية الوظيفية، الذي يعني تصليح المدارج المتضررة من الصواريخ، وجمع الشظايا، وإخلاء الجرحى، وإطفاء حرائق وغير ذلك.

قبل سنة كنا شهوداً على سخرية الاستمرارية الوظيفية في قاعدة سلاح الجو في “حاتسور”، في السيل الذي غرقت فيه 8 طائرات حربية وتضررت. تبين عدم تنفيذ الأوامر والإجراءات بسبب الإهمال وعدم الانصياع. هذه كانت المرة الثالثة التي تحدث فيها حادثة خطيرة كهذه في القاعدة نفسها، والدروس لم تُطبّق. من يضمن لنا أن هذا الوضع الخطير غير قائم في قواعد أخرى لسلاح الجو؟

الجيش الإسرائيلي وضع كل بيضه في سلة سلاح الجو، في إنفاقات ضخمة على حساب بقية عناصر المنظومة، ضمن إلحاق ضرر بالذراع البرية ووضعه جانباً فكرة إقامة سلاح صواريخ.

الذراع البرية سُحقت في السنوات الأخيرة، من جراء تقليصات غير مسؤولة في نظم القوات للوحدات القتالية، ونقص في التدريب وعدم قدرة على الصيانة كما يجب للوسائط في مخازن الطوارئ، بسبب تقليصات هاذية في القوة البشرية في الخدمة الدائمة والنظامية. سلاح الجو يتمتع بأفضلية غير متناسبة في قبال الأذرع الأخرى للجيش. هذه الأفضلية تؤدي بالجيش الإسرائيلي إلى وضعٍ حرج من عدم الجهوزية للحرب المقبلة، وهذا على الرغم من أن سلاح الجو لا يوفّر جواباً في حماية أجواء الدولة من صواريخ العدو.

منظومة الدفاع التي بناها الجيش الإسرائيلي ضد صواريخ العدو – “القبة الحديدية”، “حِتْس”، و”العصا السحرية” – هي الأخرى لا توفّر استجابة كافية بسبب الكلفة الهائلة لكل صاروخ (صاروخ “حِتْس” يكلّف 3 ملايين دولار، وصاروخ “القبة الحديدية” يكلّف 100 ألف دولار). الكلفة الهائلة لهذه الصواريخ لا تسمح بالاحتفاظ بمخازن كبيرة. لحظة تندلع الحرب، ستنفذ مخازن الصواريخ خلال وقتٍ قصير. إذاً، ليس هناك قدرة على الانتصار من دون عملية مشتركة بين الذراع البرية وذراع الجو والفضاء، ضمن دفاعٍ مناسب عن الجبهة الداخلية.

أفيغدور ليبرمان، عندما كان وزيراً للأمن، بادر إلى إقامة سلاح الصواريخ، من أجل تحسين القدرة الهجومية للجيش الإسرائيلي لمدايات متوسطة مع قدرة إصابة دقيقة، في أوقاتٍ قصير جداً من لحظة اتخاذ قرار بإطلاقها، ومن خلال ذلك وضع تهديداً مشابه أمام تهديد العدو الذي يضعه أمامنا. لكن بسبب المفهوم الخاطئ للجيش الإسرائيلي، بتوجيهٍ من القائد الأعلى لسلاح الجو، يضعون غالبية الموارد في سلة واحدة – سلاح الجو.

هذه الرؤية لا تسمح بتفكيرٍ مبدع، وهي تُبقي “إسرائيل” بعيدة خلف دول أحسنت مواءمة جيشها لحروب المستقبل، ضمن حفاظٍ على توازنٍ أصح بين حجم سلاح الجو وبين تشكيلات حيوية أخرى، مثل سلاح الصواريخ والذراع البرية. بعد أن أنهى ليبرمان مهامه كوزيرٍ للأمن، وُضعت خطته في الدُرج لأنها لم تناسب المفهوم الذي نمّاه سلاح الجو طوال السنين، وبحسبه هو العامل الحاسم في حروب “إسرائيل”، ولا يمكن من دونه، (لا سمح الله ان يأخذوا ميزانيات شراء طائرات جديدة إلى تشكيل الصواريخ الجديد، الذي تفوق نجاعته نجاعة الطائرات بعشرات الأضعاف ضد أهدافٍ في عمق تشكيلات العدو).

الرؤية السائدة اليوم وسط القيادة العليا للجيش الإسرائيلي وجزء من أعضاء الحكومة هي أن سلاح الجو هو جيش “إسرائيل”. رغم أن هذه الرؤية قد عفا عليها الزمن، إنها مستمرة في الوجود بسبب غطرسة و”أنا” قادة سلاح الجو الكبار، غير المستعدين للتنازل عن الأسطورة التي صنعوها.

إنهم يقاتلون كيلا ينتقل شيكل واحد إلى تشكيلاتٍ أخرى على حساب ميزانيات شراء طائرات جديدة. وينضم إلى هذا ضعف رئيس الأركان أمام المفهوم الخاطئ بأن سلاح الجو يمكنه أن يوفّر استجابة مناسبة في حربٍ متعددة الساحات.

كثير من القادة الكبار السابقين في سلاح الجو، الذين قاتلوا في حروب “إسرائيل”، يعتقدون شيئاً آخرَ. في أحاديث معهم يقولون لي كلاماً قاسياً جداً عن مسلكية القيادة العليا في سلاح الجو اليوم، وعن انعدام مرونتها وعدم فهمها لميدان القتال المستقبلي، انطلاقاً من رؤية تُشرك أسلحة أخرى.

إلى اليوم، ليس هناك تعاون في التدريبات بين الذراع البرية وبين ذراع الجو والفضاء، باستثناء حالاتٍ قليلة جداً من التعاون بين الذراع البرية والمروحيات الهجومية. كل ذراع تعمل على حدا. هذا الوضع أضر بشدة بنجاعة الجيش في الحروب السابقة، وبالتأكيد سيضر بشدة في نجاعته في الحروب القادمة.

أيضاً في كعكة الميزانيات ليس هناك توازن بين ذراعي البر والجو، ولا تناول مناسب لرّد هجومي ودفاعي ضد صواريخ العدو، وهذا الوضع يودي بالجيش الإسرائيلي بمجمله إلى عدم جهوزية للحرب المقبلة. لم نستخلص العِبَر من حروب الماضي، ولا نستعد كما هو مطلوب للمستقبل.

ليس هناك عقيدة أمنية تقود قرارات القيادة العليا – فببساطة، هذه العقيدة غير موجودة. ما يقود رؤساء الأركان والقيادة العليا هو نزوات تؤدي إلى تغييرات مبالغ فيها بين رئيس أركان والذي يليه، التي تقطع في لحظة واحدة التواصل في بناء الجيش وفي إعداده لحرب. الأمر الوحيد الذي يشترك فيه الجميع هو إعطاء أفضلية لسلاح الجو. الحرب التي ستأتي ستكون أصعب من كل الحروب، والجيش غير جاهزٍ للتحدّي.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (08– 14 October 2020)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (08– 14 October 2020)

08– 14 October 2020

  • 18 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children, wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank;
  • 10 wounded in IOF incursion into Am’ari camp; 2 wounded near the annexation wall in Jenin; 4 in Kafr Qaddum village in Qalqilya; and 2 others in Rafat village in occupied East Jerusalem.
  • 4 shootings reported at agricultural lands and 5 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip;
  • In 127 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 106 civilians arrested, including 12 children and 2 women;
  • 3 agricultural vehicles and a truck confiscated; a demolition notice served to a house; and lands seized in the West Bank;
  • Israeli settlers attack Palestinians’ houses in Nablus and cut 360 trees in Salfit and Bethlehem;
  • IOF established 62 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 6 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints.

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multilayered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks rendered 18 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force, including 2 children, in the West Bank. Settler-attacks and confiscation of Palestinians’ properties continued, under the pretext of working without permits.

To date, Maher al-Akhras‘, 50-year-old administrative detainee, hunger strike enters its 81st consecutive day, in protest of his arrest with no charge or trial under administrative detention despite the deterioration of his health condition. Al-Akhras went into a hunger strike from the first day of his detention on 27 July 2020. 

This week, PCHR documented 220 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 18 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children, were wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank; 10 were wounded in IOF incursion into Am’ari camp; 2 wounded near the annexation wall in Jenin; 4 wounded in IOF suppression of a peaceful protest in Kafr Qaddum village in Qalqilya; and 2 others in Rafat village in occupied East Jerusalem. Also, sporadic shooting incidents were reported during IOF incursions into the West Bank. Furthermore, passengers escaped after their car sustained live bullets fired by IOF while passing through a military checkpoint in Jenin.

In the Gaza Strip, 4 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and 5 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 127 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 106 Palestinians were arrested, including 12 children and 2 women.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 7 violations, including:

  • Jericho: an agricultural tractor and a water tank confiscated;
  • Tubas: a bulldozer confiscated;
  • Bethlehem: a demolition notice distributed to a house; lands in ‘Arab al-Ta’amrah village seized after amending their boundaries; and cease-construction notices distributed to 4 agricultural rooms;
  • Ramallah: a semi-trailer truck confiscated;
  • Salfit: a bulldozer confiscated.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 4 attacks: throwing stones 2 times at Palestinians’ houses in Burin village in Nablus; stealing olive crop and breaking the twigs of 60 olive trees in Salfit; and cutting 300 olive trees in Bethlehem.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  • Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity
  • At approximately 05:40 on Thursday, 08 October 2020, IOF stationed at Mafi Dutan temporary military checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, opened fire at a Palestinian vehicle belonging to Alaa’ Jamal Mahmoud Atatera (40). Alaa’s brother, Baha’ (36) was driving and heading to their work in Baqa al-Sharqiya, southwest of Jenin, along with Alaa’, and their brothers Mohammed (24), Ameen (38), their nephew and Alaa’s son in law, Waleed Jamal Abd Rabbo (20), all from Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin except Waleed, from Qusin, west of Nablus. As a result, the vehicle was shot with 5 live bullets that penetrated the car’s back. Alaa’ al-Atatera said to PCHR’s fieldworker that the Israeli soldiers opened fire at them after passing 10 meters away from the checkpoint and without any justification.
  • At approximately 18:30, IOF stationed along the border fence with Israel, west of al-Shawka village in eastern Rafah, near Sofa military site, opened fire at agricultural lands, and no injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened heavy fire at them and fired a number of flare bombs in the sky,causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:25 on Friday, 09 October 2020, IOF stationed in the annexation wall near al-Jalama village, northeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank, opened a barrage of sound bombs and tear gas canisters at a number of Palestinians while passing through a hole in the annexation wall to work inside Israel. As a result, a 44-year-old civilian from the abovementioned village sustained shrapnel wounds in his hand, and he was taken to Dr. Suliman Governmental Hospital in Jenin for treatment.
  • At approximately 21:10, IOF stationed along the border fence with Israel, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a, and no injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00, the residents of Beit Dajn village, northeast of Nablus, along with the representatives of the National Action Factions in Nablus organized a peaceful protest, which started from Beit Dajn village towards lands threatened to be confiscated on the eastern side of the village, where a caravan was placed by settlers two days ago. The protestors raised the Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against IOF, settlers, annexation and the Deal of the Century. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of the Israeli soldiers are waiting for them. IOF suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established on Kafr Qaddum village lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men gathered in the area, and clashes erupted between them. During which, IOF fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, two civilians were shot in their waist and back and two others in their lower limbs.
  • At approximately 00:00 on Saturday, 10 October 2020, IOF moved into Issawiya village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF established checkpoints at the entrances of the village, stopped and searched the Palestinian vehicles and checked their ID cards before allowing them to pass through the checkpoint. A group of young men gathered at the entrance to Obaid neighborhood, and threw stones and cocktail Molotov at the Israeli soldiers, who indiscriminately responded with rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters. The clashes continued for 2 hours. As a result, dozens of Palestinian civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation. In addition, Hisham Mohammed al-Bashiti (19) and Malek Jawdat Abu Sneina (23) were arrested.
  • At approximately 06:30, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened fire at them until approximately 09:50, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF suppressed a festival for Fatah Movement, where hundreds of Rafat village residents participated. IOF fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters at the participants, claiming that they threw stones at them. As a result, 2 civilians were shot and injured with rubber bullets and 13 others, , including children and elderlies, suffocated due to teargas inhalation. The wounded civilians were taken to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah to receive treatment. Saad al-Yaqin, leader in Fatah Movement, said that IOF suppressed the festival that organized by Fatah Movement in Rafat village in solidarity with the prisoners in the Israeli prisons, and to condemn the normalization between some Arab countries and Israel. He added that, IOF fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters at more than 2 thousand civilians who responded with throwing stones. The clashes continued for an hour, where the Israeli soldiers used the rubber bullets and live bullets.
  • At approximately 22:00, Israeli infantry units moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed in the center of the city. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who indiscriminately responded with sound bombs and teargas canisters. As a result, dozens of Palestinian civilians suffered teargas inhalation, no arrests or incursions were reported.
  • At approximately 06:00 on Sunday, 11 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened fire at them and fired a number of flare bombs in the sky, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF infantry unit moved into al-Am’ari refugee camp, southeast of Ramallah. They surrounded Ayman Ahmed Abu Arab’s (48) house to arrest him, but he was not in the house. IOF topped some houses’ roofs. Few minutes later, several military vehicles moved into the camp. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters. The clashes continued for 3 hours. As a result, 10 Palestinian civilians, including two children, were shot with live bullets; one of them was shot with 3 lives bullets in his abdomen while the rest were shot in their lower limbs.  All of them were taken to Palestine Medical Complex, where their injures were described between moderate and minor. Also, dozens of them suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot. Before the withdrawal, IOF arrested Ayman’s brothers, Mohammed (40), Rajab (38) and his wife, Sana’ (43), in an attempt to force Ayman to surrender himself.
  • At approximately 19:50 on Monday, 12 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased and shoot at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, firing a number of flare bombs in the sky, causing fear and panic among the fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:11 on Tuesday, 13 October 2020, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They were deployed between civilians’ houses and established checkpoints at the village’s entrances and closed the village. IOF searched the vehicles and ID cards of Palestinians before allowing them to leave. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered at the entrance of Obaid village, north of the village, and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers and their vehicles. As a result, a military SUV set ablaze. After that,  a large Israeli  force moved into the neighborhood, fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at the Palestinian civilians. The clashes continued until the down hours. As a result, dozens of civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation, and 7 civilians were arrested including 3 children. The arrestees are: Mohammed Ramzi Muhaisen (16), Mahmoud Shadi Naser (15), Obey Mahmoud Dirbas (16), Naseem Amjad Muhaisen (21), Mohammed Younis Abu Sayma (21), Saleh Bader Abu Asab (19), and Abdulfattah Younis Abu Sayma (19).
  • At approximately 08:20 on Wednesday, 14 October 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence with Israel, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a, and al-Fukhari villages, and no injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF stationed at the annexation wall in the northern side of al-Jalama village, northeast of Jenin, fired a sound bomb at 27-year-old Palestinian civilian while passing through a hole in the annexation wall to work inside Israel. As a result, he sustained shrapnel wounds in his legs, and he was taken to Dr. Suliman Governmental Hospital in Jenin for treatment.
  • At approximately 16:55, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles and sporadically opened fire around them, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 18:00, Israeli infantry units stormed al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron and stationed near the UNRWA distribution center. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who chased the stone-throwers and responded with sound bombs and teargas canisters. As a result, dozens of Palestinian civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation, and no arrests or incursions were reported.

I. Arrests and Incursions

Thursday, 08 October 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ali Mohammed Obaid’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Tabaqa village, south of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Ayman Mousa Abu Atwan’s (55) house, detained all the family in one room and threatened them to storm their house again if they do not surrender their son, Ghadanfar (24) to the Intelligence Services’ investigation centers in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem. No arrests were reported.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Yatta village, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Husam Tayseer Rab’i’s (39) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Towr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians: Khalil Kamal Abu al-Hawa (18), Mohammed Adel Abu al-Hawa (19), Dawoud Mousa Abu al-Hawa (22), and Mostafa Mohammed Abu Risha (19).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Kafr Qalil village, southeast of Nablus. Thy raided and searched Odwan Waleed Amer’s (25) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Amer is an employee in the national security.
  • At approximately 04:25, IOF moved into Qalqiliya. They raided and searched Saleh Fayez Nazzal’s (36) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF arrested Khalil al-Tarhouni (35) and Arafat Najeeb (33), and took them to al-Qishla investigation center. Both are guards at al-Aqsa Mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. After several hours, IOF released them on bail of 500 NIS, claiming that al-Tarhouni was not wearing his mask; and Najeeb assaulted one of the Israeli soldiers.
  • IOF carried out (12) incursions in Deir Nizam, northwest of Ramallah; al-Jalama, north of Jenin; Tamoun, southeast of Tubas; Ourif, Sebastiya, and Beit Dajn villages in Nablus governorate; Kafl Hares, north of Salfit; Qalqiliya, Bani Na’im, al-Hadab, Beit Omra, and al-Sura villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 09 October 2020:

  •  At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Zabuba village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Osama Hisham Husain Atatera (20).
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Yatta village, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Rasmi Shafiq al-Qaisiya’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed in the center of the camp. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians including 2 children. The arrestees were identified as Ahmed Naser al-Badawi (17), Mahmoud Yousif Madi (17), Hamza Amjad al-Titi (18), and Ibrahim Yousif Jawabera (18).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Allan Hamdan’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Kafr Ni’ma village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Odai Mohammed Ataya (18), and Yaza Riyad Ishtaya (20), taking them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus. They raided and searched Abdullah Khaled al-Silwadi’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:40, IOF moved into al-Masaken al-Sha’bia neighborhood, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Abdullah Abdulrahman Fawzi Bushkar’s (16) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:40, IOF moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians identified as Mohammed Abdullah Staiti (20), Mohammed Ramzi Howail (19), and Mohammed Monther Ja’aisa (20).
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Hizma village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mostafa Mohammed al-Khateeb’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF who were patrolling in Sahl al-Boqi’a village, east of Tubas, arrested ‘Ahed Abdul Hakim Daraghma (20), and Mo’tasem Ahmed Daraghma (18), both are from the abovementioned village. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at the Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Mohammed Mershed Rajoub (52), from Jericho, while passing through the checkpoint heading to Hebron. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (11) incursions in al-Jalama, northeast of Jenin; Fsayil, northeast of Jericho; Qariut, Sebastya, Beit Dajn, and Burin villages in Nablus governorate; al-Ouja, northwest of Jericho; Dura and Beit al-Rush, in Hebron governorate; Far’oun and Kafr al-Lobad villages, north of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 10 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Dura city, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in several neighborhoods. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested Amjad Mousa al-Namoura (28), Ra’fat Taleb Abu Seba’ (27), Ghadanfar Ayman Abu ‘Atwan (23), and Mohammed Murshed al-Rojob (29).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Ula village, west of Hebron, and stationed in the village’s western area. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Hani Ahmed Mohammed Saraheen (33), Mahmoud Ahmed Mohammed Saraheen (38), Ahmed ‘Adel Ahmed Saraheen (29), and Husain ‘Adel Ahmed Saraheen (34).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron, and stationed near UNRWA schools. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Fawzi Hamed al-Wawi (19) and Seraj Ishaq Abu Hashash (21).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hebron’s southern area, where they raided and searched 2 houses and arrested Ya’qoub Hamdi Abu Hadeed (30) and Bassam Hamed Zaghir (23).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Thawri neighborhood, south of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Salah al-Deen Jamal Abu ‘Asab’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 09:30, IOF moved into Khelet Nejarah area in Deir Istiya village, north of Salfit, and arrested ‘Amer ‘Abed al-Hameed Abu Hajlah (54) while harvesting olive trees, under the pretext of working near “Yakir” settlement. IOF also detained a number of international solidarity activists, who were accompanying him while harvesting the olives.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed at Qalandia military checkpoint arrested Laith Saleem al-Shalabi (19) while passing the checkpoint and took him to an unknown destination.

Sunday, 11 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched ‘Emad Jum’a al-Selwadi’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya, arrested Kamal Fawzi al-Habash (40), from Qalqilya, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 17:00, Israeli police arrested Sufian al-Rajbi after severely beating him while he was near al-Ghawanma Gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into Rafat, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Fadi ‘Ali Abu Hassan’s (14) house and arrested him.   

IOF carried out (5) incursions in Nablus city, al-Dahiyia neighborhood and Iraq Burin village in Nablus; and as-Samu and Dura in Hebron .No arrests were reported.

Monday, 12 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohanad al-Bahri’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Malek ‘Ayish Abu Mariyia’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Idhna village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Omar Salimiyia’s (44) house and arrested his wife Suhair Ahmed al-Batran (37), taking her to an unknown destination. It should be noted that al-Batran was shot on 30 October 2019 by IOF near al-Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron’s Old City. IOF claimed that she attempted to carry out a stabbing attack. At that time, al-Batran was taken to an Israeli hospital and released few months later.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hizma village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Mohammed Fawzi al-Khatib (25) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Tur village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Khalil ‘Atiyia Abu al-Hawa’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Tell village, southwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Osaid Omar ‘Asidah (27), taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed on al-Salam Street. They raided and searched Saber Bassam al-Najjar’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Qased ‘Abed al-Naser Nouri Mousa (20), taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Thabet Hussain Ba’jawi (18).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Qusra village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses and arrested Burhan Nash’at Fawzi Hasan (37).
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Kafr Qaddum village,north of Qalqilya. They raided and searched Mohammed Raied Barham’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 16:00, Israeli intelligence officers arrested Mo’tasem Mousa Hijazi (14), from Bethlehem, after summonsing him via a phone call for investigation in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of the city.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at a Jabi’ military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Fawzi (45) and Bashar (40) Nash’at Fawzi Hasan, from Qusra village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. It should be noted that Fawzi and Bashar were arrested few hours after arresting their brother Burhan from his house.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Bab al-Majles area in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mohammed Hisham al-Bashiti’s house and arrested him along with his sons Hatem (17) and ‘Abed al-Rahman (16), taking them to a detention center in the city. It should be noted that al-Bashiti’s son Hisham (19) was arrested on last Saturday during clashes erupted in Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into al-‘Abasiyia neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Moayad Ahmed Abu Mayalah (20) and handed him a summons to refer to ‘Oz Police Station in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of the city.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Dura city, Yatta City, Beit ‘Amra and Deir Sammit villages in Hebron.No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 13 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Awwa village, southwest of Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Mahmoud Yaser Mahmoud Masalmah’s (30) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Halhul village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched 5 houses, from which they arrested Thaier Jamal Modiyia (30), Yehia Sadeq Jahsh (29), Mohammed Mahmoud Se’dah (28), Mohammed Helmi ‘Aqel (19), and Mohammed Saqer l-Baou (28).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Jalazone refugee camp, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Moneer Mohammed Nakhla (21) and Dawoud Rafeeq Mohammed ‘Issa (23).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Qaddura refugee camp, adjacent to Ramallah, in the center of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mohammed al-Salhi’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya. They raided and searched Mohammed Salah Yousef Ishtawi’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Marah Rabah village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Khalil Mohammed al-Sheikh’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:45, IOF moved into Beit Liqya village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Anas Saber Jameel Mafarja’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched Ahmed Jawad Abu Hamed’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al-Mashrou’ area in Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed ‘Edwan’s (22) house and arrested him. 
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF backed by military vehicles moved 100 meters to the east of Khuzaʽa village in Khan Yunis. They leveled and combed lands amidst sporadic shooting before they redeployed along the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:00, IOF summoned Mohammed ‘Ali Mutair (26), from Qalandia camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem, via a phone call, ordering him to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service at Qalandia checkpoint next day morning. It should be noted that Mutair is a former prisoner.
  • At approximately 16:00, Israeli police arrested Ahmed Khaled ‘Atiyia (16) while present in al-Aqsa Mosque yards in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and took him to a detention center in the city.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into Bab Hata area, one of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City neighborhoods. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Sufian Omar al-‘Ajouni (22) and Mohammed Khaled Sharifa (21) and arrested them.  
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Tulkarm city, Tulkarm camp, Qalqilya and Jit village; and Sa’ir village and Fawwar refugee camp. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 14 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Showika suburb, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Mohammed Moneer ‘Abed al-Qader ‘I’mar’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Mohammed Marwan Shehab’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kafr Malik village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Baheej Farhan Hamayil (20) and ‘Ahed Eyad Ghanayim (20).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Qaddura refugee camp, adjacent to Ramallah. They raided and searched ‘Issa ‘Abido al-Tamimi’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Tur village, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Yousef Khaled Abu al-Hawa’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Dheisheh refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Iyyas Shaheen’s (18) house and arrested him.  
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses and arrested ‘Ali Bassam ‘Atallah Hashasheen (21).
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Majd Nayif Mostafa’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, Israeli police arrested Husam Seder (33), an employee of the reconstruction department in the Islamic Endowments Department (Awqaf), while working in al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and took him to a detention center in the city.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF stationed at the northeastern of Beit Dajan village. Northeast of Nablis, arrested 2 civilians, who approached a caravan placed by an Israeli settler and removed later by IOF. The arrestees were identified as Hazem Majed Hanini (43) and Burhan Naseem Isma’il (27).
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Aqabat_Jaber  refugee camp, in Jericho, Silwad  village, Ni’lin village, Al-Bireh  city in Ramallah; and Anin and Arranah  villages in Jenin. No arrests were reported.

II. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 08 October 2020, IOF confiscated an agricultural tractor and a water tank with capacity of 4 cups in Jiftlik village, north of Jericho, under the pretext of being in Area (C). The tractor is owned by Ayed Issa Mohammed Darghis, from Jiftlik village.
  • At approximately 14:30 on Thursday, IOF moved into Ein al-Beida village in Jordan’s northern valleys, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. They confiscated a tractor used for leveling an agricultural road in the abovementioned village in favor of Dar Al Binaa Contracting Company in Asira ash-Shamaliya village, north of Nablus, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The tractor is owned by Wahib Mahmoud Ahmed Azzam, from Fandaqumiya village, south of Jenin.
  • On Friday, 09 October 2020, Israeli authorities notified Sameeh Ahmed Salah to demolish his house in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that Israeli authorities notified Sameeh Ahmed Salah to demolish his 80-sqaure-meter house located in Kherbet ‘Alia area, south of al-Khader village, within 96 hours, under the pretext of non-licensing. Breijieh pointed out that the house is sheltering 6 persons, clarifying that the house was demolished 3 times; the last of which was on 18 June 2020, as the house was comprised of 2 rooms and a kitchen and roofed with tin plates. Breijieh added that Kherbet ‘Alia and Um Rokba areas, adjacent to “Efrat” settlement, are exposed to a settlement attack that includes the demolition of a number of houses, and notifying others of demolition and stopping construction, aiming at emptying them of their residents and seizing them to expand the settlement.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Sunday, 11 October 2020, IOF moved into Bab al-Zawiya area at the entrance to Shuqba village, west of Ramallah in the center of the West Bank. IOF headed towards a semi-trailer truck that was emptying its contents of scraps gathered from a land owned by Rateb Nasser Qadeh. IOF confiscated the tractor owned by Qadeh who works in scrap metal trade under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • On the same day, Israeli authorities announced the amendment of the boundaries of lands in Arab al-Ta’amrah village, east of Bethlehem, aiming at seizing these lands in favor of expanding “Tekoa” settlement. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that Upon the Israeli authorities’ decision, dozens of dunums will be seized in favor of expanding the boundaries of the aforementioned settlement. Breijieh pointed out that the Israeli authorities gave the landowners 45 days to challenge.
  • At approximately 10:30 on Tuesday, 13 October 2020, IOF confiscated a bulldozer belonging to al-Zawiya Municipality, west of Salfit, and detained its driver ‘Emad Hamed Mawqadi, who was levelling a dirt road to facilitate citizens’ access to their lands in order to harvest the olive trees. He was released around 23:30.
  • On the same day, Israeli authorities notified to stop construction works in several agricultural rooms in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Ahmed Salah, the coordinator of the Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission in al-Khader village, said that Israeli Civil Administration officers notified to  stop construction works in agricultural rooms (40 s.q) in Daher al-Riyah area. These rooms belong to Rezeq Shehada Salah, Mohammed Shehada Salah, Ma’mon Nasri Salah, and Salah Shehada Salah.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 18:30 on Friday, 09 October 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Har Brakha” settlement, southeast of Nablus, attacked the eastern area of Burin village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. The settlers threw stones at Palestinian houses. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian civilians gathered and confront them with stones. After that, IOF intervened to protect the settlers, fired tear gas canisters at the Palestinians and chased them. IOF arrested Montaser Khader al-Najjar (28), taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:30 on Saturday, 10 September 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Har Brakha” settlement, southeast of Nablus, attacked the eastern area of Burin village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. The settlers threw stones at Palestinian houses with stones. As a result, the windows of a house owned by Ibrahim Adel were broken. Israeli settlers fled from the area towards the abovementioned settlement.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 12 October 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Etz Ephraim” settlement, which is established on Mas-ha village lands, west of Salfit, stole the crop of six olive trees and broke the twigs of 60 others in an area of 120 dunums in War’et al-Humus area, which is located behind the annexation wall. These dunums belong to ‘Abed al-Razeq Ibrahim ‘Amer. It should be noted that ‘Amer is banned from entering his land except through coordination with the Israeli occupation.
  • On Wednesday, 14 October 2020, Israeli settlers cut hundreds of perennial olive trees in Jab’a village, west of Bethlehem. Head of the Village Council, Diab Masha’lah, said that dozens of Israeli settlers, from “Beit Ayin” settlement, which is established on Jab’a village lands, cut with saws about 300 olive trees belonging to Khaled Naji Masha’lah.

V. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individual’s movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established (62) temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested (6) of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individual’s movement at military permanent checkpoints

Jerusalem:

Bethlehem:

  •  On Thursday 08 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the northern entrance to Tuqu village, in Aqabat Hasnah area, leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 09 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the northern entrance to Tuqu village, Aqabat Hasnah area, leading to villages west of Bethlehem, and near al-Nashash intersection, south of the city.
  • On Saturday, 10 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the western entrance to Tuqu village, the entrance to Marah Rabah village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 11 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village; at the entrance to Marah Rabah village; and at the entrance to al-Nashnash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 12 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village; at the entrance to al-Nashnash area; and near ‘Aqabet Hussain area.
  • On Tuesday, 13 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village and at the entrance to al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem.

Ramallah:

  • On Sunday 11 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Atara village, northwest of Ramallah.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 08 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Halhoul, the entrance to Idnah village, and the entrance to Karma village.
  • 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Ummar and Surif villages and al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Saturday, 10 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhul, at the western entrance to Hebron and at the northern entrance to Yatta.
  • On Sunday, 11 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Ash-Shuyukh and Beit Kahil villages, and on Farsh al-Hawa road.
  • On Monday, 12 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Khasa, Beit Awwa and Idhna villages.
  • On Tuesday, 13 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Beit ‘Amra village and on Khelet al-Maya road.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli authorities closed with a metal detector gate the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. As a result, civilians had to walk through a bumpy road to reach their houses.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 08 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sebastia village, northwest of Nablus.

Salfit:

  • On Saturday, 10 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Haris village; at the northern entrance to Deir_Istiya village; and at the southern entrance to Kifl_Haris village, northof Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 11 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at  entrance to Kafr ad-Dik village, and at the southern entrance to Kifl_Haris village, north of  Salfit.
  • On Monday, 12 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit. 

Qalqilya:

  • 5 checkpoints at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya, the entrance to Kafr Laqif village, the entrance to Jinsafut village, the entrance to Hableh village, and the road linking between Jayyous and Azzun villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Sunday, 11 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Azzun villages, east of Qalqilya.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 08 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 08 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Jericho, and the entrance to Jiftlik village, north of Jericho.
  • On Sunday, 11 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.

History Will Show No Mercy for Arab Traitors to Palestine – Hamas Leader

History Will Show No Mercy for Arab Traitors to Palestine – Hamas Leader

By Staff, Agencies

Head of Hamas resistance movement’s political bureau Ismail Haniyeh has once again condemned the US-brokered deals that the United Arab Emirates [UAE] and Bahrain signed last month to normalize ties with ‘Israel,’ warning that history will show “no mercy” towards the Arab states that betrayed fellow Palestinians.

In an interview with the Middle East Eye [MEE] news portal published on Monday, Haniyeh said that the Arab countries that normalized ties with ‘Israel’ will be losers as the occupying regime will eventually threaten them.

“The Zionist project is an expansionist project. Its objective is to create a greater ‘Israel.’ We don’t want to see the Emiratis or the Bahrainis or the Sudanese being used as vehicles for this project. History will show no mercy, the people will not forget, and humanitarian law will not forgive,” he said.

In mid-September, US President Donald Trump presided over the signing of the normalization pacts between Tel Aviv, Abu Dhabi and Manama. During a ceremony at the White House, Trump said “five or six” other countries were close to making similar agreements with ‘Israel,’ but did not name them.

Meanwhile, reports suggest that Sudan and Oman could be next in line to normalize with the ‘Israeli’ occupation regime.

“We know ‘Israeli’ leaders better than them. We know how they think. We would like to tell our brothers in the United Arab Emirates that they will lose as a result of those agreements because ‘Israel’s’ only interest is to seek a military and economic foothold in areas close to Iran,” Haniyeh said.

“They will use your country as a doorstep. We don’t want to see the UAE being used as an ‘Israeli’ launchpad,” he added.

Elsewhere in his remarks, Haniyeh stressed that Hamas had been vindicated by the collapse of the 1990s Oslo process between the Palestine Liberation Organization [PLO] and ‘Israel.’

“From the day it was announced, Oslo bore the seeds of its own destruction… Oslo was a failure from day one because it was a security agreement, not a political one,” he said.

Additionally, Haniyeh enumerated the factors that had forced Abbas to rethink his approach towards the resistance group and deliver a “positive response to the initiative by Hamas.”

Moreover, the Hamas leader said the resistance group was prepared in case of any ‘Israeli’ attack on Gaza, warning that any future war would be costly for the Tel Aviv regime.

Hollywood Star Mark Ruffalo Calls out Israel’s Apartheid (VIDEO)

October 9, 2020

Source

Hollywood A-lister Mark Ruffalo has a long history of speaking out for Palestinian rights. (Photo: via Facebook)

Hollywood A-lister Mark Ruffalo called out Israeli apartheid during an interview on the Mehdi Hasan Show aired yesterday.

Speaking to the British journalist, Ruffalo said: “My connection to Palestine came through Palestinians and hearing their stories and then watching this asymmetrical warfare being enacted upon them.”

“That kind of inequality, that kind of oppression, that kind of apartheid.”

The Avengers star has a long history of speaking out for Palestinian rights, during Israel’s 2014 war on Gaza, Ruffalo slammed the Israeli army for blowing up Al-Wafa Hospital killing dozens of patients.

“There is no reason why an ally of America shouldn’t be held to the standards of any other country in the world, especially an ally. And what I see there is wrong,” he added.

(MEMO, PC, Social Media)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (01– 07 October 2020)

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01– 07 October 2020

  • Civilian shot dead by IOF near ‘Annab checkpoint in Tulkarm;
  • 18 Palestinian civilians, including 2 childern, wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank;
  • 15 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya; 2 others in Nablus and Jenin; and a child sustained critical wounds in occupied East Jerusalem.
  • 4 shootings reported at agricultural lands and 4 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip;
  • In 112 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 102 civilians arrested, including 15 children;
  • IOF conducts two  incursions into the border areas central and southern Gaza Strip, where they sprayed agricultural  lands with pesticides;
  • A bulldozer confiscated in Nablus; and 62 olive trees cut and burned by settlers in Salfit;
  • IOF established 68 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints.

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF killed a civilian in Tulkarm, under the pretext of throwing Molotov Cocktails. Furthermore, IOF attacks rendered 18 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force, including 2 children, in the West Bank. In addition, settlers’ attacks and confiscation of Palestinians’ properties continued, under the pretext of working without permits.

This week, PCHR documented 197 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: on 05 October 2020, IOF killed Sameer Ahmed ‘Abed al-Jaleel Hamidy (24), from Beit Lid village in eastern Tulkarm, near ‘Annab military checkpoint in Tulkarm, and kept his corpse in custody. IOF claimed that they targeted a group of civilians who threw Molotov cocktails at them. Although there were no eyewitnesses present at the time of the incident to confirm or deny the Israeli account; IOF could have used less lethal force especially that the Israeli military sites are fortified, and there was no serious threat or danger even if the sites were targeted with Molotov cocktails.

Furthermore, 18 civilians, including 2 children, wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank; 15 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya; 2 others in Nablus and Jenin; and a child sustained serious wounds in occupied East Jerusalem.

In the Gaza Strip, 4 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and 4 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 112 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 102 Palestinians were arrested, including 15 children.

In Gaza Strip, IOF conducted 2 incursions into eastern Bureij refugee camp and eastern Khan Yunis; during which, Israeli drone sprayed agricultural lands in border area with pesticides, east of Khan Yunis, and arrested a child who sneaked into Israel and released him later.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented one violation in Nablus, where IOF stopped working in an agricultural land and confiscated a bulldozer.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 2 attacks: 12 olive trees cut and 50 others burned in Salfit.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

IOF declared closing the West Bank and Gaza Strip crossings on Friday, 02 October 2020, and Saturday, 03 October 2020, due to Jewish holiday of “Sukkot.”

The Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories said that West Bank crossings will be closed during the abovementioned days, except for the following crossings: Barta’a checkpoint, Nabi Ilyas checkpoint for residents in seam points, and Ni’lin checkpoint, which will be opened and operated as usual on Fridays. The Coordinator added that only humanitarian and life-saving cases will be allowed to travel through Beit Hanou “Erez” crossing, while Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum)  will be closed.

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  I. IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

  • At approximately 11:00 on Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF moved into Qatanna village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Saleem Mahmoud Shamasna’s (50) house, arrested him and confiscated his vehicle. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered near Shamasna’s house and threw stones at Israeli soldiers who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers and chased them. Resulted in a number of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation. It should be noted that Shamasna served almost about 7 years in the Israeli prisons in separate periods; in the last of which he spent 18 months in administrative detention.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a village, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Sabastia village, northwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank, and stationed in al-Athar area, west of the city. Dozens of young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers who responded with live bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters. As a result, Adham Anwar al-Sha’er (29), from Barqa village, was shot and injured with a live bullet in his left eye while sitting with 3 of his friends in a restaurant, 30 meters away from the soldiers. Adham was taken to Rafidia Governmental Hospital for treatment and then he was transferred to al-Najah Hospital, where he underwent a surgery to remove his eye. It should be noted that Adham was shot while he was playing cards with his friends and he was not participating in the events, so there was no justification or reason to shot him.

Adham Anwar al-Sha’er said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: “At approximately 22:00 on Thursday, 01 October 2020, while I was sitting in Sebastia Caffe in al-Athar area, west of Sebastia, northwest of Nablus, and playing cards with 3 of my friends. I saw about 30 Israeli soldiers stationed 30 meters away from the caffe’s garden, but we did not care because we are accustomed to such incursions. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers who responded with rubber bullets and teargas canisters. During the clashes, my friends and I entered the caffe and continued our game. As soon as we stood up, an Israeli soldier targeted me with a live bullet in my left eye. After 2 minutes I lost my consciousness and woke up in the ambulance. I was taken to Rafidia Governmental Hospital where they told me that I lost my left eye. Lately, my family informed me that I was transferred to al-Najah Hospital in Nablus, and at approximately 10:00, on the next day I underwent a 3-hours surgery at al-Najah Hospital, and my left eye was removed. Later, I will have cosmetic operations in the removed eye”.

  • At approximately 02:30 on Friday, 02 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Khan Younis, south of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area and opened fire at them, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF stationed near the annexation wall, adjacent to Faroun village, south of Tulkarm, banned the entry of the Palestinian workers into Israel through one of the holes in the annexation wall, even if they had permits. Meanwhile, verbal altercation erupted between the workers and the Israeli soldiers; during which, the soldiers attacked the workers. As a result, Ra’fat Ghaleb Mansour (32), from Kafr Qalil, east of Nablus, sustained 2 fractures in his leg after an Israeli soldier severely pushed. Mansour was taken to Dr. Thabit Thabit Governmental Hospital in Tulkarm.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established on Kafr Qaddum village lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest where dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Meanwhile, IOF fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 13 civilians, including a child, were wounded. (PCHR keeps the names of the wounded civilians).
  • At approximately 17:10, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a, adjacent to the border fence with Israel. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 16:30 on Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established on Kafr Qaddum village lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest where dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Meanwhile, they fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, two civilians were shot with live bullets; one in the lower limbs and the other in the waist.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Fukhari village, adjacent to the border fence with Israel. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They were deployed in the village neighborhoods, where they established a temporary military checkpoint at the western entrance and searched the Palestinian vehicles. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers. IOF immediately moved into ‘ Obaid neighborhood from the western entrance and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at the demonstrators. The clashes continued for 2 hours. As a result, dozens of civilians suffered teargas inhalation. Also, Ahmed Haitham Mahmoud (19) and Lo’ay Ashraf Mahmoud (23) were arrested.
  • At approximately 21:00 on Sunday, 04 October 2020, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hizma village, north of occupied East Jerusalem, stationed at the city entrance and patrolled the streets. Dozens of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with live bullets and teargas canisters. As a result, Ameer Ghazi Salah al-Dein (16), was shot with a live bullet in his head and was taken with the PRC’s ambulance to one of the Ramallah’s hospitals. Medical sources described his health as critical due to a skull fracture. Lately, IOF withdrew from the village and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:30 on Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank, and stationed in Jabal Abu Thuhair and Khillat al-Suha, southeast of the village. Dozens of young men gathered and throw stones at the Israeli soldiers who responded with live bullets and teargas canisters. As a result, an 18-years-old civilian, from Khillat al-Suha, was shot with a live bullet in his pelvis and he was taken to Dr. Khalil Suliman Hospital. Many civilians suffered teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot. Before their withdrawal, IOF raided and searched Ahmed Khairy Khalaf’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:45 on Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara village, adjacent to the border fence with Israel. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 19:20, IOF stationed in a temporary military checkpoint established at the entrance of ‘Inab settlement, east of Tulkarm, fired several live bullets near the checkpoint. Later, the Israeli authorities announced in a statement that they monitored 3 Palestinian civilians throwing Molotov Cocktails at a military site in the area, and that IOF opened fire at them, targeting one of them. Israeli media stated that the wounded civilian was killed after being shot with a live bullet in his chest, and IOF kept his body in custody while and the two other civilians flee. The killed civilian was identified as Sameer Ahmed Hamidi (24), from Beit Lid, east of Tulkarm. Hamidi was a member in the Student Union Council in al-Khadouri University, and he was a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons, and was released 2 years ago. PCHR’s fieldworker said that the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) officially informed Hamidi’s family about the death of their son. Although there were no eyewitnesses present at the time of the incident to confirm or deny the Israeli account; IOF could have used less lethal force especially that the Israeli military sites are fortified, and there was no serious threat or danger even if the sites were targeted with Molotov cocktails.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya offshore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within (3-5 nautical miles) and opened fire at them causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 06:40 on Tuesday, 06 October 2020, IOF along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi refugee camp, opened fire at agricultural lands, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 09:20 on Tuesday, 06 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya offshore, west of Jabalia, and al-Waha, northwest of Beit Lahia, in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and sporadically opened fire at them, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00 on Wednesday, 07 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya offshore, west of Jabalia, and al-Waha, northwest of Beit Lahia, in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, opened heavy fire at them and fired sound bombs, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.

    II. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 01 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 4 civilians, including 2 children. The arrestees were identified as: Isma’il Sameer al-Fayoumi (17), ‘Odai Hussni al-Najjar (9), Moatasem Wael ‘Awadallah Zaydat (19), and Yazan Mahmoud al-Najjar (18).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Dhahiriya village in southern Hebron, where they raided and searched Ashraf Hussain Hasan Jabareen’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:10, IOF moved into Deir Abu Mash’al village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 2 civilians, including a child. The arrestees were identified as Sa’d Ahmed Salem (19) and Mansour Ahmed Mostafa ‘Ata (17).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Ashraf Khaled al-Hadra (22) and Baker ‘Emad al-Moghrabi (27) and withdrew later.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched 2 houses, from which they arrested Hamad Niam Ikhlayil (17) and Suliman Mohammed Abu Dayyiah (16), taking them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 02:10, IOF moved into Al-Mazra’a al-Sharqiya village in Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Sameh Hussain Shikha (27), Ja’far Suliman Abu ‘Aliyia (25) and Mohammed Jad Hussain Hifa (22).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed in al-Dahiyia area. They raided and searched Waheeb Hamdi Abu Hadeed’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Isawiya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched dozens of houses, from which they arrested 16 civilians, including 5 children, and withdrew later. (PCHR keeps the names of the arrestees).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested ‘Adnan Saier Abu Howila (19).
  • At approximately 04:25, IOF moved into Azzun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched two houses belonging to ‘Abed al-Shaheed Na’iem Zamari (21) and Sa’ied Ayoub Zamari (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Tammun village, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Ghazi Mostafa Basharat (28).
  • At approximately 05:50, IOF moved into Sanur village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 2 siblings identified as Mohammed (22) and Saif (24) Yousef Farouq al-‘Eisiyia.
  • At approximately 06:30, IOF backed by military vehicles moved 100 meters to the east of Khuzaʽa village, east of Khan Yunis. They leveled and combed lands that were previously leveled amidst Israeli sporadic shooting.  However, no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed ‘Emad Dari’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Wadi Al-Joz neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Hanadi Mohammed al-Helwani (42) and arrested her, taking her to a police station in the city. Few hours later, al-Helwani was released after threatening her to re-arrest her if she would not stop inciting against Israeli authorities and police on social media.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF stationed at Mavi Dotan checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Ahmed Salah Nazzal (24), from Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank.

IOF carried out (5) incursions in ‘Ein Yabrud village, north of Ramallah; Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus; Idhna village and Al-Arroub refugee camp; and Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 02 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Moatasem Abu al-Hawa (27) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Yatta village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched three houses belonging to Khaldoun ‘Ayed Shreteh, Nazieh Mahmoud Shreteh and Mohammed Mahmoud Shreteh and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:10, IOF moved into Beitunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Hasan Yousef Dawoud Darakhil’s (65) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Bireh city, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Nour Mohammed ‘Abed al-‘Aziz al-Qadi’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:20, IOF backed by 8 military vehicles moved 50-100 meters to the west of the border fence, east of Bureij refugee camp in the central of Gaza Strip. They leveled and combed lands and repaired the border barbed-wire fence. At approximately 09:30, IOF redeployed along the border fence.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF arrested Nehad Bader Zaghir (43), a former prisoner, while he was in al-Qataneen area in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and took him to a police station in the city. Few hours later, Zaghir was released.
  • At approximately 21:40, IOF arrested Saif Nader Ibrahim (15) and Wadee’ Qasem Shaheen (15) while they were near al-Anfaq military checkpoint, west of Beit Jala city, under the pretext of throwing a Molotov Cocktail at the checkpoint.
  • IOF carried out (7) incursions in Birzeit city, northwest of Ramallah; Zububa and Rummanah villages, west of Jenin; and Dur, Beit al-Rush, Tarrama and ‘Oyoun Abu Saif villages in Hebron.No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 03 October 2020

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Um al-Dalia area, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Sameeh Saleem Qafisha’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF arrested al-Aqsa Mosque’s guards Mohammed al-Shalalda and Ahmed al-Dalal while they were in their workplace in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, taking them to a police station in the city. The Islamic Endowment Department (Awqaf) stated that the Israeli police released the guards after interrogating them for several hours. The Islamic Endowment Department clarified that the police released the guards without any conditions. It added that the guards were arrested without any reasons. Al-Awqaf stated that IOF recently deported many guards and al-Awqaf employees from al-Aqsa Mosque; among them was Zeenat Abu Sobeih, Head of the Guards at Al-Aqsa Mosque.
  • IOF carried out (8) incursions in al-Bireh city, Al-Mazra’a al-Sharqiya and Abu_Shukheidim villages, north of Ramallah; Sebastia village, northwest of Nablus; Beit Kahil, Beit Ummar and ad-Dhahr villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 04 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Silwad village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mohanad Sameer al-Tawil (20), Jum’a Hasan Hammad (19), Handala Sameer Hammad (22), Mohammed Moneer Hammad (21), Sarhan Akram Hammad (20), ‘ADEL Maher Hammad (21), and Mo’min Haroun Hammad (20).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to ‘Ali Yousef Taqatqah (20) and ‘Adel Abu Ya’qoub Derieh (27) and arrested them. It should be noted that both of them were previously arrested by IOF.
  • At approximately 11:20, IOF who were patrolling at Yitzhar bypass road, southwest of Tell village, southwest of Nablus, arrested Kareem ‘Abed al-Men’iem Ramadan (35) while picking olive trees, under the pretext of a lack of necessary permission and coordination.
  • At approximately 14:00, Israeli drone sprayed agricultural lands with pesticides along the border fence, starting from eastern al-Qarara village towards al-Faraheen area in Abasan_al-Kabira, east of Khan Yunis. IOF claimed that they sprayed the agricultural lands to get rid of the weeds, and for security reasons. As a result, the Palestinian farmers’ crops sustained damage.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Montaser ‘Ali al-‘Ajlouni (21), from Hebron’s Old City, while passing on the closed Shuhada Street. He was taken to an investigation center in “Kiryat Arba” settlement”, east of Hebron.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Tamer ‘Azi al-Shawamrah (29), from Um al-Sharayet area, south of Ramallah, while passing through the checkpoint.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Far’un village and Kafa area, south of Tulkarm; Sa’ir and as-Samu villages in Hebron; and Deir al-Ghusun village, north of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 05 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Yatta, south of Hebron. They raided and searched ‘Esam Fayiz Hoshieh’s (55) house, locked his family members in one room, and arrested him along with his son Amjad (24) before their withdrawal.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank, and stationed in al-Hafiryat area, east of the city. They raided and searched ‘Izz al-Deen Jamal Dowikat’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Fawzi ‘Obaid (23) and Mohammed Marwan ‘Obaid (20) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed in Jabal Jouhar area. They raided and searched Ayman Riyad al-Ja’bari’s (40) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank, and stationed in Jabal Abu Dahir area. They raided and searched Ahmed Khairy Suliman Khalaf’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:50, IOF moved into Beitunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mohammed Qart’s (21) house and arrested him. IOF also confiscated his motorcycle.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Jab’ village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Fayiz Hamdan Salatna (19) and ‘Eid Mohammed ‘Eid Hamamrah (20) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed ‘Emad Thawabta (22) and ‘Abed al-Raheem Subhi al-Kar (24) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 4 civilians, including 2 siblings and their uncle. The arrestees were identified as ‘Abdullah Bader Abu ‘Asab (19), Eyad Mostafa al-Asmar (37) and Mousa (19) and Mohammed (17) Hitham al-Asmar.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed at al-Jalma military checkpoint, north of Jenin, arrested Fadi Samer Zakarna (19), from Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Ghadeb ‘Obaid (31) and Moatasem Hamza ‘Obaid (18) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF arrested Waheeb Abu al-Humus (26) while he was in front of his house in Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 22:30, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Hasheem’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Dura city, Fawwar refugee camp, Beit Ummar village in Hebron; and Far’un and Beit Lid villages, south of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported. Also, IOF fired flare bombs during their incursions.

Tuesday, 06 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched ‘Othman Mostafa al-Ja’bari’s (39) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Dura City, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in Qarwash area. They raided and searched Mohammed ‘Amer Gazzaz’s (23) house and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested 6 civilians, including a child, and took them to a police station in the city. The arrestees were identified as Mohammed Ibrahim ‘Obaid (19), Tareq Mousa ‘Obaid (20), Reda Mohammed ‘Obaid (16), Majd Basheer Ahmed (22), Mohammed Thaier Mahmoud (20), and Mohammed Mahmoud Mahmoud (19).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed ‘Emad al-Badawi’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Hejjra village, east of Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Ghassan Ibrahim Masharqah’s (33) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into Ramallah, where they raided and searched Sufian Bassam Meqdad’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into ad-Dhahiriya village, south of Hebron, and stationed Wadi al-Ghamari neighborhood. They raided and searched ‘Ahed ‘Ali al-‘Aqabi’s (39) house and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched ‘Abed al-Rahman Ayman al-Bashiti’s (16) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF arrested Deputy of Fatah Movement Secretary, Yaser Hasan Darwish (39), while he was in Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Aqabat Jaber refugee camp; Tulkarm City; and Ash-Shuyukh and Sa’ir villages. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 07 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beita village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Qassam ‘Enad al-Jaghoub’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Aida Camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched People’s Committee Office after blowing up its doors. Head of People’s Committee for Services, Sa’eed al-‘Izzah, said that IOF deliberately damaged the office in addition to nearby houses within terror campaigns. He clarified that IOF damaged and blew up the People’s Committee office doors before storming it. They also damaged a number of nearby houses. Al-‘Izzah pointed out that the the People’s Committee office belongs to the Refugee Affairs Department and works to serve the camp residents and provides humanitarian services for them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Yatta city, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Husam Tayseer Rab’i’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched ‘Ali Baheej Bassa’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Hashimia village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched Hassan Nayif Mohammed Jarar’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:45. IOF moved into Qusra village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Waleed Tawfiq Salama (22) and Ibrahim Yousef Darwih (24).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mo’min Ahmed Mostafa Saba’nah’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched Bashar ‘Abed al-‘Aleem Da’na’s (37) house and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF raided al-Jamla school for boys, which is located in Wa’ret al-Erfan area in northern Jenin. IOF detained the teachers and the school guard’s IDs. They then raided the headmaster room, opened the digital video recorder (DVR), copied all material from it.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested ‘Emad Ahmed Jadallah (35), from Tarrama village, south of Dura City, southwest of Hebron, after he headed for investigation in the Israeli Intelligence Services (Shabak) in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem. The Israeli Intelligence Services summoned Jadallah via a phone call, and he was taken to a detention center in the settlement.
  • At approximately 15:15, IOF stationed adjacent to Zikim military base along the coastal border fence of the northern Gaza Strip, arrested ‘Izz al-Deen Sa’ieed Slman Abu Qeleeq (16), from the Bedouin village. Abu Qeleeq sneaked into the Israel via the border fence. Two hours later, IOF released him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Kafr Qaddum village, east of Qalqilya; and Yatta, as-Samu and al-Sima villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • At approximately 12:00 on Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF moved into Furush Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus in Jordan’s northern valleys, north of the West Bank. They headed towards a bulldozer that was excavating a water tank for irrigating crops in a plot of land belonging to Thabet Mohammed Redwan Thabet, from Beit Dajan village. IOF ordered the bulldozer’s owner to halt working, checked the ID cards of him, the land’s owner and his friend and questioned them for 2 hours. After that, IOF confiscated the bulldozer, which is owned by Harbi Abu Dahilah, from Jiftlik village in Jordan’s northern valleys and took it to an unknown destination under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • On Sunday, 04 October 2020, Othmaniya Mohammed Othman, from Kafr ad-Dik village, west of Salfit, learnt that Israeli settlers attacked her land and cut olive trees with electric saw in Khaneq al-Kuhul area.

Her son, Mansour Nasser Mansour (39) said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

” on Sunday morning, my father went to his land like other farmers who did the same to harvest their olive trees. My mother inherited this land from my grandfather. My father noticed that the olive trees were cut recently as they went to the land on 29 September 2020, and there was no attack on the land. It should be noted that Israeli settlers attacked a land of our neighbor, Abed Suleiman Ali Ahmed.”

  • At approximately 15:00 on Wednesday, 07 October 2020, Israeli settlers from “ Leshem” settlement established on Palestinians’ lands in Deir Ballut, west of Salfit, set fir on a land called “Ereq al-Tout”, east of the village. As a result, 50 olive trees in a plot of land owned by Yusuf, Mustfa, and Eftaih Abdullah, from Deir Balمut village, were burnt.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

IOF declared closing the West Bank and Gaza Strip crossings on Friday, 02 October 2020, and Saturday, 03 October 2020, due to Jewish holiday of “Sukkot.”

The Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories said that West Bank crossings will be closed during the abovementioned days, except for the following crossings: Barta’a checkpoint, Nabi Ilyas checkpoint for residents in seam points, and Ni’lin checkpoint, which will be opened and operated as usual on Fridays.

The coordinator added that Beit Hanmoun “Erez” crossing will be partially opened for humanitarian and “lifesaving” cases during certain work hours, while the goods’ crossing “Kerem Shalom” will be closed.

Furthermore, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 68 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 3 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, tightened the closure imposed on al-Aqsa Mosque and occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and intensified the military checkpoints at al-Aqsa Mosque gates and in its vicinity and in its alleys due to the Jewish holiday of “Sukkot”, which        starts in the evening hours of the same day and ends after a week.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF established5 checkpoints at the western and northern entrances to Tuqu village, the entrance to Beit Fajjar and Husan villages, Aqabet Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Tuqu, Beit Fajjar, and Jannata villages, and Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem and near al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Tuqu, Beit Fajjar, Marah Rabah and Husan villages.
  • On Sunday, 04 October 2020, IOF established 6 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Jala. Western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the entrances to Tuqu and al-Khader villages, the entrance to Al Jab’a village, and near al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrance to Beit Jala, Tuqu, Marah Rabah villages, Aqabat Hasnah area, leading to villages west of Bethlehem, near al-Nashash area, south of the city.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint between Ein Yabrud, and Dura al-Qar’ villages, north of Ramallah.
  • On Friday, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Jalazone refugee camp, northwest of Ramallah.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Abu Masha’al village, northwest of Ramallah.
  • On Tuesday, 06 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Nabi Salih village, west of Ramallah.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: Ash-Shuyukh, Karma, and Bani Na’im villages.
  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Hebron’s western entrance, and al-Fahes Road, south of Hebron.
  • on Sunday, 04 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Einun, Idhna, Beit Ummar, and as-Samu.
  • On Monday 05 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Bani Na’im, and Beit Ummar villages, and Wadi Risha road, west of Idhna village.
  • On Wednesday, -7 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the western entrance to Hebron, Beit Awwa, Kharsa villages and al- Arroub  refugee camp.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of ” Shavei Shomron” settlement (on Nablus – Tulkarm main road), west of Nablus.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Sharaf village ( linking between Tulkarm and Nablus), west of Nablus. IOF also closed the road linking between Qusra and Jalud villages, southeast of Nablus, with sand barriers  using a bulldozer.

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin.
  • On Sunday, 04 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection to Arraba village, southwest of Jenin.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ti’inik village, southwest of Jenin.
  • On Tuesday, 06 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Ti’inik village, southwest of Jenin, and the entrance to Arraba village, northeast if Jenin.

Salfit:

  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the western entrance to Kafr ad-Dik village, west of Salfit.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Istiya and Hares villages, north of Salfit.
  • On Tuesday, 06 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the eastern entrance to Salfit, the western entrance to Kafr ad-Dik village, eastern entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya and the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya, Azzun, and Izbat al-Tabib villages, east of Qalqilya.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Al-Auja village, west of Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Al-Auja village, west of Jericho.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (24– 30 September 2020)

Source

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (24– 30 September 2020)

24 – 30 September 2020

  • 17 Palestinian civilians, including a child and a journalist, wounded in IOF excessive use of force:
  • 11 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya; 2 others in Ramallah; 3, including a journalist, in Nablus; and a child in Hebron.
  • Israeli naval forces drown and damage 3 Palestinian boats;
  • 2 shootings reported eastern Gaza Strip;
  • In 62 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 49 civilians arrested, including 7 children, a woman, and a person with disability;
  • West Bank: IOF demolished 4 houses, 3 residential tents, and 7 barracks; 3 dunums razed and lands confiscated;
  • Palestine TV denied from covering demolition in Tubas, and its broadcast vehicle confiscated;
  • Settler-attacks: 50 olive trees burned; 2 farms attacked in Nablus and Bethlehem;
  • IOF established 54 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 8 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks rendered 9 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force, including a child and a journalist in the West Bank. IOF also continued its policy of demolishing and destroying Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes.

In another evidence of the systematic Israeli policy against press crews, and Palestinian and international media agencies operating in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), IOF confiscated Palestine TV vehicle and handed its driver a confiscation warrant, under the pretext that the vehicle and Palestine TV its staff were present in a closed military zone in Jordan Valley, east of Tubas, to obstruct their work and prevent them from revealing the truth about Israeli violations. PCHR considers these violations part of a well-planned scheme to isolate the oPt from the rest of the world and to eliminate stories about IOF crimes against Palestinian civilians in the oPt.

This week, PCHR documented 35 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 9 civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank; 11 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya; 2 others in Ramallah; 3, including a journalist, in Nablus; and a child in Hebron.

In the Gaza Strip, 2 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip. Israeli naval forces drowned and damaged 3 Palestinian boats.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 62 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 49 Palestinians were arrested, including 7 children, a woman and a person with disability. In Gaza, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Rafah.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 9 violations, including:

  • Bethlehem: 3 residential tents and 5 barracks demolished; 3 dunums razed;
  • Hebron: 3 houses served cease-construction notices, concrete pump and cement mixer confiscated; and 2 houses (built of bricks and tin-plates) demolished;
  • Tubas: 1639 sqm confiscated; 2 houses demolished in the Northern Valley; and 2 cars confiscated, including Palestine TV’s car.
  • Nablus: tin-plated barracks demolished;
  • Jericho: barracks demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 2 attacks: 50 Perennial olive trees burned, southern Bethlehem; and two poultry farms assaulted with stones and sharp tool, one in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Also, internal restrictions continued in the Gaza Strip for the fifth consecutive week to contain the outbreak of coronavirus, after coronavirus cases were confirmed outside the quarantine centers in the Gaza Strip. As a result, the suffering of Gaza Strip population has increased especially in terms of health and the economy.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

        I. IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

  • At approximately 00:00 on Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF stationed near Tal al-‘Asur street adjacent to the entrance of Kafr Malek village, west of Ramallah governorate, opened fire at a Palestinian vehicle while entering the abovementioned village. As a result, Mahmoud Farouq Ba’irat (18), was hit with a live bullet to his leg; and Jehad Fahed Ba’irat (19), was hit with a live bullet in his shoulder. Meanwhile, IOF prevented the access of the Palestinian Red Crescent’s medical personnel to the scene and took the two injured Palestinians to an Israeli hospital. IOF called the families of both Mahmoud and Jihad Ba’irat and informed them that their sons went into surgery at “Shaare Zedek” Medical Center in Israel. They told them that their health was stable, and that their detention was extended pending investigation, claiming that they threw Molotov cocktails at IOF.
  • At approximately 03:15, IOF moved into Ein al-Sultan refugee camp, in the central Jericho governorate. Dozens of young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers who responded by firing sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. The clashes continued for about an hour and half, and no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:30 on Friday, 25 September 2020, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuzaa and al-Qarara, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 10:30, Nablus residents with the participation of the Factions of National Action in Nablus gathered in front of al-Abrar Mosque in Asira al-Qibliya, southeast of Nablus to hold a peaceful protest that was occurred heading to the Khilat al-Sakhra area, east of Nablus. The protestors raised the Palestinian flags and sang against the occupation, annexation and the Deal of the Century. As soon as they arrived, they found a large number of the Israeli soldiers are waiting for them, they suppressed the protest and fired live bullets, rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters against the peaceful protestors. As a result, three civilians were injured including the journalist Naser Suliman Shtayyeh (49), working at Flasha Agency, hit with a teargas canister to his back and treated in the spot; and the two other injuries were a 35-year-old man who was hit with a tear gas canister to his face, and the other one (25), was hit with a rubber bullet to his leg.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 7 civilians were shot with direct rubber bullets and sound bombs; two to the head, one in the chest, one in the hand, one in the back and the rest sustained rubber bullets in the limbs.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Saturday, 26 September 2020, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall between the Gaza Strip and Israel, opened fire at agricultural lands and Palestinian shepherds, east of al-Shawka, east of Rafah. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 15:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered at Bab al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada’a closed street. A number of Israeli soldiers fired sound bombs, live bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers and chased them. Resulted in a number of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation and forced the owners of the stores to close their stores.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians, including a child, were shot with rubber bullets in their limbs, and one was hit in his back.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Sunday, 27 September 2020, an Israeli infantry unit coming from “Karmei Tzur” settlement, stormed al-Thuhr neighborhood, south of Beit Ummar, and deployed between civilians’ houses. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with sound bombs, rubber bullets and teargas canisters against the stone-throwers. As a result, IOF withdrew at approximately 19:00, leaving a number of Palestinian civilians suffering teargas inhalation, and no incursions or arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 19:00 on Monday, 28 September 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed at sea off al-Soudaniya area, in western Jabaliya, opened fire and water pumped Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 5-6 nautical miles. As a result, 3 fishing boats were severely damaged and sank, and no injuries were reported. The 3 fishing boats belonged to fishermen from al-Shati’ refugee camp, west of the Gaza Strip. Following are the details:
  1. Boat belonging to Ali Nafiz Salah (34), a boat used for lighting, fishermen were able to retrieve the boat later; 27 boat lights and a generator were lost.
  2. Boat belonging to Adel Sa’eed Abu Riyala (47), whose boat sank and was not found.
  3. 10 boat lights damaged; the boat belongs to Mahmoud Khalil Abu Riyala (34).
  • At approximately 07:15 on Tuesday, 29 September 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahiya in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and intermittently opened fire at them, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They deployed between civilians’ houses, established checkpoints at the village’s entrances and closed the village. IOF searched the vehicles and ID cards of Palestinians before letting them leave the village. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber and live bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. The clashes continued for over than 3 hours and resulted in dozens of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation, and Younis Sufian Obaid (17), and Mohammed Wael Obaid (23), were arrested.
  • At approximately 19:30 on Wednesday, 30 September 2020, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Surif, west of Hebron, and stationed in al-Qrinat area, and deployed between civilians’ houses. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. As a result, a 16-year-old child was shot in his chest and he was referred to the PRC in Hebron by an ambulance. Medical sources described his health condition as moderate. No arrests were reported.

       II. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 24 September 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Bab Huta neighborhood, one of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City neighborhoods. They raided and searched Sufiyan al-‘Ajouni’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF raided ‘Adnan Yousef Mostafa Jaradat’s (53) house located at the entrance to Silat_al-Harithiya village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. IOF ordered ‘Adnan to bring all his money before searching the house. ‘Adnan’s wife, Salam Burhan Jaber, brought NIS 6400 and gave them to the Israeli officer.  After that, IOF were deployed in the house as a prelude to search it. Before their withdrawal, IOF wrote on a paper the value of the confiscated money, ordered ‘Adnan to sign on the paper and handed it to him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar  village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched ‘Abdullah Ibrahim Abu Mariyia’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah, where they raided and searched Mostafa Jamal al-Remhi’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ashraf ‘Abdullah al-Masry (43) and Mohammed Ashraf Abu al-Humus (21) and arrested both of them.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF arrested Ahmed Yaser al-Razem (24) and Mohammed Khaled Hazinah (23) while they were near Bab Huta Gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, and took them to a police station in the Old City.
  • At approximately 21:30, IOF arrested Yousef Ya’qoub al-Rashq (20) while he was near Bab Huta Gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, and took him to a police station in the Old City.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Yousef ‘Ali al-Kaswani (22) and arrested him. It should be noted that al-Kaswani was arrested 3 times during the past 6 months; latest of which was a week ago. Al-Kaswai has been placed under house arrest for 3 months.
  • IOF carried out (7) incursions in Zububa village, west of Jenin; Anabta village, east of Tulkarm; Kafr Qaddum village, east of Qalqilya; and Yatta, Beit Awwa, Sa’ir, and Hadab villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 25 September 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. IOF raided and searched Yazan Jamal ‘Atallah’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Shuyukh al-Arrub village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Kamal ‘Awidat’s ( 29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF moved into al-Sa’diyia neighborhood, one of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City neighborhoods. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Nehad Bader Younis Zaghir (42), and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:20, IOF stationed at a temporary checkpoint established at the entrance to ‘Anin village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank, arrested Yousef al-Shami (26), from Jenin camp, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF arrested Basem Mohammed ‘Asaliyia (46) and his son Malek (19) after severely beating them while they were near Alsilsila Gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates. They were then taken to a police station in the city.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Far’un village, east of Tulkarm; and Halhul city and Hebron city in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 26 September 2020

  • At approximately 12:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Mobtasem ‘Obaid (20) while he was at the eastern entrance to Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF stationed near the annexation wall in al-Dahra area, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank, arrested 3 children, including 2 siblings, and took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Mostafa (13) and Mohammed (12) Yousef ‘Asa’d Khalil Yaseen, and Mohammed Ayman Khalil Yaseen (13).

Sunday, 27 September 2020

  • At approximately 13:00 on Sunday, 27 September 2020, the two children Saied Mohammed al-A’war (17) and Mohamed Subhi Zaloum (17) surrounded themselves to the Moscovia Prison in West Jerusalem, in order to complete their trial procedures after they were placed under 5-month actual and house arrest, in addition to deporting them away from their house located in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.  It should be noted that al-A’war and   Zaloum surrounded themselves as a prelude to take them to Damon Prison until issuing a sentence against them. Both of them were accused of throwing Molotov cocktails at a bus carrying settlers. The two children were arrested on 05 April 2020 after raiding their houses in Silwan village. They were taken and interrogated in Ashkelon prison for 22 days; during which they were beaten, caused and shackled (shabeh) for several hours. After that, they were transferred to Megiddo Prison and then to  Damon Prison. The court extended their arrest until issuing the indictment. Al-A’war and Zaloum’s lawyer, Mohammed Mahmoud, submitted applications to the District Court, calling for releasing them and placing them under a house arrest, but the court refused his request. The lawyer filed an appeal to the Israeli Supreme Court and managed to release them on parole on 06 April 2020.

Monday, 28 September 2020

  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Husan village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Mahmoud ‘Atiyia Shosha’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.  They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, ‘Emad al-Deen Khalil ‘Abisan (33) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF who were patrolling near “Elon Moreh“ settlement, which is established on Beit Furik, Deir al-Hatab and Salem villages lands, northeast of Nablus, arrested 4 civilians. IOF claimed that those civilians had Molotov cocktails. It turned out later that the arrestees are from Ein Beit al-Ma’ refugee camp, west of Nablus, and IOF took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Mohammed Eyad Hamdi (18), Kareem Shaheen (19). Mohammed Akram Hamdi (19), and Mohammed Jalal Abu al-Reesh (18).
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Dura city, Beit Ula, al-Hadab and Beit ‘Amra villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 29 September 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed ‘Emad al-Badawi’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF stationed at Jit village intersection, north of Qalqilya, arrested ‘Alaa Hussam Nassar (20), from Anabta village, east of Tubas, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Qusai ‘Abed ‘Olayan (22), Mohammed Mousa Mostafa (19) and Yunis Wesam Abu al-Humus (18).
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into al-Salam suburb in Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hazem Ayman al-Tamimi’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Khalil Mohammed ‘Abed al-Latif’s (45) shop and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF stationed at Deir Ballut intersection, west of Salfit, arrested Mo’taz Mousa Hussain Bari (22), from Immatain village in eastern Qalqilya, while heading to his workplace in Israel.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Immatain village in eastern Qalqilyia. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mousa Hussain Bari (49) and Mo’az Ibrahim Yamen (20) and arrested them.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Far’un village, east of Qalqilya; and Sa’ir, Imreish, Ash-Shuyukh, and Beit Einun villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 30 September 2020

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested 2 civilians; one of them was with disability while the other was a child. The arrestees were identified as Aows Mousa al-Salibi (20), a person with disability, and Obai Yousef Abu Mariyia (16).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Idna village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Shadi Hasan al-Batran’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 3 civilians, including a child. The arrestees were identified as Hamza Khowis (18), Ayham Abu Jum’a (16) and Mohammed Abu Ghannam (22).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested ‘Ali Mousa al-‘Ajouri (21) and Saif Majed al-‘Ajouri (18).
  • At approximately 11:30, IOF moved into Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Shadi ‘Abdullah al-Motawer (43), Fatah Movement Secretary, and arrested him. It should be noted that al-Motawer was deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for several months, and he is exposed to ongoing harassments by Israeli Intelligence Service; last of which was in mid-September 2020. Also, al-Motawer’s wife was deported to the West bank and her residency was withdrawn.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Wednesday, 30 September 2020, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, where they raided and searched ‘Ayida Mohammed al-Sedawi’s (60) house and arrested her.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Jalazone refugee camp, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 2 siblings identified as Ahmed (24) and Yaseen (26) Mohammed al-‘Araishi.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • At approximately 07:00 on Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF demolished 3 residential tents  and 5 barracks to graze sheep in Kisan village, east of Bethlehem, under the pretext of  building without licensing. Ahmed Ghazal, Head of Kisan Village’s Council, said that IOF stormed Tina area, east of Kisan village, completely closed it, and prevented civilians from entering or leaving the village. He added that IOF bulldozers also demolished 5 barracks and 3 tents owned by Saleh Ahmed Obayat, Issa Abdullah Ghazal, and Salah Ahmed Obayat.
  • At approximately 10:00 on the same Thursday, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles accompanied with Civil Administration officers stormed Masafer Yatta area, south of Hebron and stationed in Ma’in area. Israeli authorities handed civilians 3 notices to halt construction in their houses under the pretext of building without licensing. Following are details of the notices:
  1. An under-construction house built on (100sqm); property of Issa Jamal Hamamdah.
  2. An under-construction house built on (110sqm); property of Ibrahim Mohammed Dababsa.
  3. An under-construction house built on (90sqm); property of Ibrahim Shehadah No’man.
  • On the same day, IOF issued a military order No. (20/12/H) to confiscate a 1,639 square meters from a land owned by Adnan Mustafa Amin Daraghmah in Kherbat Ghazal area in Jordan’s northern valleys to expand a water pumping station from an artesian water well feeding Israeli settlements and  military camps.
  • At approximately 11:30 on Saturday, 26 September 2020, IOF backed by 2 military construction vehicles accompanied with Civil Administration officers stormed al-Khaldiyah area, east of Yatta area, south of Hebron. The soldiers raided a construction site and Israeli authorities prevented a concrete pump and mixer from reaching the site, detained them for a short time before confiscating them under the pretext of illegal work in Area (C).
  • At approximately 10:20 on Tuesday, 29 September 2020, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle and 2 bulldozers stormed Kherbat Yarza in Jordan’s northern valleys, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF demolished 2 houses built on (60sqm) owned by Hafeth and Rami Nai, Hafeth Masaeed under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). IOF also prevented Palestine TV Satellite crews from covering the incidents and confiscated their vehicle.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 10:20, on Monday, 29 September 2020, the Palestine TV reporter in Tubas, Ameer Shaheen, headed to Kherbet Yerza in northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas, to cover the demolition of two houses by IOF. The reporter arrived at the area in a Palestine TV vehicle, driven by Suliman Hejjeh (34). Upon their arrival, the two journalists saw an SUV of the Israeli Civil Administration present in the area to secure the demolition of two houses by Israeli bulldozers. Shaheen stepped out of the vehicle, 500 meters away from the two houses, and started to photograph the demolition. Meanwhile, Hejjeh said that: “Five minutes after our arrival, an Israeli liaison officer came and asked for my ID card and I gave it to him. He took it to another officer and then returned and told me to take everything from the vehicle because he would confiscate under the pretext of being in a closed military zone. They confiscated the vehicle and took it to an unknown destination after allowing us to take our belongings from it. The officers handed me a confiscation warrant.” Hejjeh added that his colleague Shaheen continued to photograph the demolition for half an hour until it was over. He called Tubas Governor and told him about the incident. The Governor sent a taxi for them to take them to Palestine TV office in Tubas.

  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stormed al-Baqi’ah hell in Jordan’s northern valleys, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF confiscated a vehicle owned by Yusuf Qasem Mohammed Abu Arrah, a farmer, and handed him a paper of the confiscation decision.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration bulldozer stormed al-Sababah area, east of Howarah area, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. The bulldozer demolished a barrack built of zinco sheets on (120sqm) owned by Jamil Jamal Khader, from Howara village. Khader  built  the barrack 3 months ago and cost him NIS 20,000 to use it as a car wash, but he was surprised  of a notice fixed on the barrack’s walls by IOF 4 days ago to demolish it within 96 hours under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • At approximately 08:00 on Wednesday, 30 September 2020, IOF uprooted dozens of olive trees after they leveled a land in Husan village, west of Bethlehem and demolished a pergola and pertaining walls.

Mohammed Sibatin, Head of Husan Village Council, said that IOF uprooted dozens of olive trees after leveling lands (estimated of 3 dunums) of many farmers in Kherbat Hammoudah, west of the village. Sibatin emphasized that IOF demolished pertaining walls and a pergola that was used as a store and implanting owned by Adel Sa’di Shushah under the pretext that these lands are under the Israeli full control and no one is allowed to enter them or prepare them. Sibatin also said that Israeli soldiers lately escalated their military measures against Palestinian farmers in the abovementioned area as they prevented them from approaching their lands adjacent to “Beitar Illit” settlement established on civilian’s lands, west of Bethlehem.

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles accompanied with Civil Administration officers, a bulldozer, and a digger stormed Shi’b al Batin in al-Masafer area, southeast of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed between civilians’ houses while the bulldozer demolished 2 houses built of tin plates under the pretext of building without a license. The demolition included the following:
FacilityDistanceDescriptionConstruction yearOwnerIndividuals
Residential house50sqmBricks and tin plates2011Mohammed Ishaq Mahmoud Jabrin11
Residential house50sqmBricks and tin plates2011Mousa Ishaq Mahmoud Jabrin3
tent20sqmShader and pipes2015Mousa Ishaq Mahmoud Jabrin3
  • At the same time, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle ( bulldozer) stormed Jiftlik village, north of Jericho, north of the West Bank. The bulldozer demolished a barrack built of zinco sheets on (100m)owned by Hasan Salem Mousa al-Ka’abnah, from Jiftlik village. Al-Ka’abnah used part of the barrack as a home for him and his family comprised of 10 individuals, most of them are children, and the other part as animals’ barn. The demolition came under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and their Property

  • On Friday, 25 September 2020, Israeli settlers burnt 50 olive trees in Wadi al-Shami area, southwest of al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. Mohammed Brijiyah, Head of Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission said that Israeli settlers from “Neve Daniel” settlement established on lands of al-Khader village, burnt 50 olive trees implanted for more than 20 years in Wadi al-Sham area, southwest of al-Khader village, owned by Amin Khader Salah.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Saturday, 26 September 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from the group of “Paying the Price”, from Esh Kodesh settlement outpost, southeast of Nablus, attacked Ras al-Nakhel area, east of Qasrah village, adjacent to the abovementioned The settlers attacked 2 poultry farms, one of them is owned by Fadi Awatlah and Adli Mohammed Rezeq and the other is owned by Abdul Haki, al-Wadin using stones and sharp tools. The settlers  punctured the water tanks feeding the land with sharp tools, damaged electricity panels, water and cooling pumps,  and  sat fire into a land owned by Adli Mohammed Rezeq, as a tractor and an illegal car were completely burnt before civilians gathered and  extinguished the fire. In the meantime, clashes erupted between settlers and civilians and Israeli soldiers intervened in favor of the settlers and protected them and took them back to the settlement outpost. Clashes between Israeli soldiers and civilians continued during which the soldiers fired tear gas canisters. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.

        IV. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

IOF declared closing the West Bank and Gaza Strip crossings on Sunday, 27 September 2020, and Monday, 28 September 2020, due to Jewish holiday of “Yom Kippur.”

The Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories said that West Bank crossings will be closed during the abovementioned days, except for the following crossings: al-Zaytoun crossing, Checkpoint 300/Bethlehem Road, Qalandiya Checkpoint in Jerusalem Suburbs, Barta’a checkpoint, Nabi Ilyas checkpoint for residents in seam points. The Coordinator added that these crossings will work on a limited  scope for humanitarian and urgent cases and for specific groups of people, who can enter Israel through their permits.

In the Gaza Strip, Israeli authorities declared that only humanitarian  and life-saving cases will be allowed to travel through Beit Hanou “Erez” crossing, while Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum)  will be closed.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 54 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 8 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF established metal detector gates, and put cement cubes at the entrances to Arab neighborhoods in occupied East Jerusalem and completely closed them, obstructing the traffic movement in all neighborhoods. This was coincided with Israel’s celebration of Jewish holiday of “Yom Kippur”, in which it is prohibited to use vehicles and all kinds of transportations until late hour on the next day evening. It should be noted that the Israeli government declared  on 22 September 2020, imposing a wide-scale lockdown that included several sectors, coinciding with the widespread of coronavirus  as they impose huge fines on occupied East Jerusalem’s residents who move about 1000 meter away from their houses or leave their house to do their business without a permit.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to ‘Atara village’s bridge, Silwad, and Ein Yabrud villages, in Ramallah.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Tuqu village, the entrance to Nahalin village, Aqabet Hasanah area leading to villages, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 25 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to  al-Khader, Bet Fajjar, and Nahalin villages, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 26 September 2020, IOF completely closed military Checkpoint (300), north of Bethlehem” in front of civilians’ movement and tightened their measures at “al-Nafaq” and al-Container checkpoints. IOF also  established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Fajjar, Tuqu, Nahalin, and Marah Rabah villages, near al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF established 6 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Fajjar and Tuqu villages, the entrances to Nahalin, Ash-Shawawra, and Marah Rabah villages,  and near al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 26 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Tuqu village, and near al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 29 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Jala, Beit Fajjar, Tuqu, and al-Kahder villages.
  • On Wednesday, 30 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, and Aqabet Hassnah leading to villages west of Bethlehem.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: Beit Awwa village, Hebron’s southern entrance, and Kharsa village
  • On Friday, 25 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Jalajel and Beit villages, Hebron’s western entrance, and ad-Dhahiriya village.
  • On Saturday, 26 September 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Awwa village, al-Fawar refugee camp, Hebron’s western and eastern entrances, and Bani Na’im village.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF closed al-Ibrahim Mosque in the center of Hebron’s Old City and prevented Palestinian civilians from approaching it or performing prayers in it. Israeli authorities claimed that the closure was due to “Simchat Torah”
  • On Monday, 26 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to as-Samu villages, and Al-Arroub refugee camp.
  • On Tuesday, 29 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Kharsa village, and Beit Ummar village.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF established2 checkpoints at the entrance to Beita village, branching from Nablus-Ramallah street, at intersections of Sarra village, branching from Nablus-Qalqilya street, southwest of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Qabalan village, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Monday, 28 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint near the intersection of Deir Sharaf village (on Nablus – Tulkarm main road), west of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin.

Salfit:

  • on Saturday, 27 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Monday, 28 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kafr al-Deek village, west of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • on Saturday, 27 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kafr Laqif village, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Tuesday, 29 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.

Tulkarm:

  • On Monday, 28 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrances to Saffarin village, southeast of Tulkarm.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (17– 23 September 2020)

Source

September 24, 2020 – Palestinian Centre for Human Rights

17 – 23 September 2020

  • Palestinian dentist dies of heart attack after an Israeli stun grenade fell next to him near the annexation wall in Jenin;
  • 9 Palestinian civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force:
  • 8 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya, and the 9th was wounded in Tulkarm;
  • shootings reported at agricultural lands and 3 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip;
  • In 84 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 68 civilians arrested, including 4 children;
  • Israel imposed lockdown on the West Bank and sealed off Gaza crossing for the Jewish New Year;
  • 2 Palestinians from Gaza arrested, one at Erez Crossing while travelling for medical treatment abroad; and another after attempting to sneak into Israel;
  • IOF demolished a house, wedding hall, and an apartment in Ramallah and Tulkarm; lands confiscated in Hebron and Nablus;
  • Settler-attacks: 16 dunums razed, a farm destroyed, and 1050 trees uprooted in Salfit and Nablus;
  • IOF established 59 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 5 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks caused the death of Palestinian dentist, and wounded 9 Palestinian civilians in excessive use of force during raids into Palestinian cities. IOF also continued its policy of demolishing and destroying Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes.

The curfew continues in the Gaza Strip for the fifth consecutive week to limit the spread of coronavirus after cases were discovered outside quarantine centers. PCHR warns of the catastrophic implications of coronavirus spread in the Gaza Strip, especially with its already-exhausted health care system due to 14 years of illegal and inhuman closure and collective punishment policies imposed by IOF on the Gaza Strip.

This week, PCHR documented 166 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: IOF attacks caused the death of Palestinian dentist and wounded 9 civilians in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank. Nedal Mohammed Akram Jabarin (54) died after he suffered a heart attack after Israeli soldiers fired concussion grenades approximate to him, near the Annexation Wall, southwestern Jenin, northern West Bank. The dentist was en route to his clinic, located in a village inside Israel. As to civilian injuries: 8 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya, and the 9th was wounded in Tulkarm;

including a child and a journalist: 4 were wounded, including journalist Nasser Shtayyeh (52) from Salem village who sustained a live bullet in the neck, at Kafr Qaddum weekly protest against settlement expansion activities in Qalqilya; another civilian sustained wounds near the Annexation Wall in Jenin, and a child was wounded in IOF raid into Ramallah.

In the Gaza Strip, 3 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and 3 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 84 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 68 Palestinians were arrested, including 4 children. In Gaza, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Rafah.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 11 violations, including:

  • Ramallah: house and support wall demolished;
  • Bethlehem: demolition notice served to an under-construction house;
  • Hebron: a tin-plated room, stone chains, and an agricultural room were demolished; cease-work for a treatment centre, two excavators and trucks were confiscated; also, a 70 m³ concrete-built water tank was demolished. IOF also demolished a 600 m electric-network. Several land plots were razed, including one made with ready mix concrete. A sit-in tent was confiscated; and military confiscation orders of 3000 m² were served, as follows:
  • Nablus: confiscation notice for 803 meters for “Tomer” settlement (considered an agricultural community).
  • Tubas: demolition notices for two agricultural facilities (barracks);
  • Tulkarm: wedding hall and an apartment demolished (area of approximately 900 m²).

Settler-attacks: 16 dunums of fruitful-trees razed, an entire farm demolished, and 950 trees uprooted. Additionally, settlers demolished a caravan, fences and support-walls, an several Zawiyas in Salfit. In Nablus, settlers uprooted at least 100 olive trees.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

On Thursday, 17 September 2020, Israeli authorities declared a full security lockdown on the West Bank, and closed Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) and Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossings for the Jewish New Year. The lockdown continued from Friday morning until Monday, 21 September 2020, during which Palestinians were not allowed to enter Israel, except for humanitarian, medical and urgent cases after obtaining a special permit from the Coordinator Office in the Territories. IOF usually imposes a full-scale closure and restriction on Palestinian’s movement during the Jewish holidays.

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Also, internal restrictions continued in the Gaza Strip for the fifth consecutive week to contain the outbreak of coronavirus, after coronavirus cases were confirmed outside the quarantine centers in the Gaza Strip. As a result, the suffering of Gaza Strip population has increased especially in terms of health and the economy.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

 I. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity

  • At approximately 12:30 on Friday, 18 September 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and intermittently opened fire at them for an hour, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 18 September 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians were shot; one of them was shot to his head, and the rest was shot to their limbs.
  • At approximately 14:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered at Bab al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada’a closed street. A number of Israeli soldiers fired sound bombs, live bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers and chased them around Be’er Sheva and Beir al-Hums streets. Resulted in a number of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation.
  • Also on Friday evening, a Palestinian dentist died after he suffered a heart attack due to Israeli soldiers’ firing of concussion grenades approximate to him, near the Annexation Wall, southwestern Jenin, northern West Bank. The dentist was in route to his clinic, located in a village inside Israel.

According to PCHR investigations, at approximately 14:30 on Friday, Israeli occupation forces (IOF) deployed by the Annexation Wall, near Barta’a checkpoint, southwestern of Jenin, shot stun grenades and teargas canisters at Palestinians attempting to cross into Israel via holes in the annexation wall, some going to work in Israel. Several stun grenades fell near the late dentists, Nedal Mohammed Akram Jabarin (54), from al-Marah neighborhood in Jenin, while he was at least 100 meters away from the gates. Jabarin was going to his dental clinic in Barta’a village, located behind the annexation wall. As a result, he suffered a heart attack and was transported to Dr. Khalil Suleiman Governmental Hospital in Jenin where he was pronounced dead. Jabarin’s family confirmed to PCHR’s fieldworker that the dentist did not suffer any illnesses or any health problems.

It should be noted that the late Dr. Jabarin had two dental clinics, one in Jenin and the other in Barta’a village; the latter was recently opened, and he was heading for work at the Barta’a clinic when he was killed. Dr. Jabarin went through one of the holes in the annexation wall due to the Israeli-imposed full lockdown on the West Bank since Friday morning for the Jewish New Year; the lockdown will continue until Sunday midnight, as well as the 3-week complete lockdown announced in Israel due to the coronavirus pandemic.

While stun and tear gas grenades are widely used across the globe to disperse protests and gatherings, they are often used by IOF in violation of international standards which prohibit shooting such grenades directly at people. This practice has led, in dozens of cases, to death and extreme injuries. Additionally, the explosion of stun grenades near targeted persons causes temporary hearing loss as well as direct injuries.

  • At approximately 00:30 on Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Ali al-Kaswani’s (22) house and arrested him. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber and live bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. Resulted in dozens of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 09:15, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and intermittently opened fire at them for an hour, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:30, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Fukhari village, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians were shot with live bullets; one to the shoulder, two in the back, and the fourth sustained a bullet in the thigh.
  • At approximately 21:00, an Israeli infantry unit stormed the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and deployed between civilians’ houses causing fear and panic. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with teargas canisters against the stone-throwers. As a result, a number of Palestinian civilians suffered teargas inhalation, and no incursions or arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on Sunday, 20 September 2020, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron and stationed near the UNRWA distribution center. IOF stopped and searched the Palestinian vehicles and checked their ID cards. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with sound bombs and teargas canisters randomly against the stone-throwers and houses. As a result, a number of Palestinian civilians suffered teargas inhalation, and no incursions or arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:10 on Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF moved into Anabta village, east of Tulkarm, and fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at Palestinian civilians, claiming that they were exposed to stone-throwing. As a result, a 20-years-old civilian was shot with a direct teargas canister to his lower limbs, and he was taken to the hospital for treatment.
  • At approximately 02:30 on Tuesday, 22 September 2020, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ibrahim Abu Shammala (21) and Hamada Abu Shammala (19). Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with rubber bullets and teargas canisters against them. As a result, dozens of Palestinian civilians suffered teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 07:30, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara village, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 07:40 on Wednesday, 23 September 2020, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a village, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 08:00, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and intermittently opened fire at them, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.

  II. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 17 September 2020:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Zububa village, west of Jenin, where they raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Khaled ‘Abdullah Jaradat (20), Rafeeq Mohanad Rafeeq ‘Amarnah (21), Taleb ‘Abdullah Jaradat (22), Ahmed Maher Sa’ied Sha’abnah (20), and Ahmed Rafeeq Mohammed ‘Amarnah (20).
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Yatta city in southern Hebron, where they raided and searched Yunis Mohammed al-Najjar’s (39) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched three houses, from which they arrested Ahmed ‘Abed al-Rahman Abu Sel (20), Mohammed Khaled Abu Sel (19) and Jehad ‘Emad al-Titi (22).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mo’ath Nehad ‘Obaid (22) and Akram Ghadeb ‘Obaid (18) along with his brother Mohammed (26).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Harsh al-Sa’ada area, east of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested two siblings Ahmed (22) and Mohammed (24) Ziyad Abu Kharj.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Lid village, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched ‘Emad ‘Abed al-Raheem al-Rayys’s (49) house and arrested his him along with his son Ja’far (18).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Iba village, west of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mojahed Jamal Saleem’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kafr Dan village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Fareq ‘Abed (34) and Mohammed Ahmed Salah (38).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed in Abu Ktilah neighborhood. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested Ahmed Fahed al-Natsha (30) and Mansour Ahmed al-Natsha (28).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Ni’lin village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mo’tasem Salem Srour’s (23) house and arrested him. Srour was later released after interrogating him for few hours.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit. They raided and searched two houses belonging to ‘Ali Mahmoud al-Qaq (22) and Ibrahim Foad Khalil Abu Ya’qoub (24) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 13:40, an Israeli special undercover unit “Mista’arvim” sneaked into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank, via a bus with a Palestinian license plate and stationed near Ya’bad fuel station. They arrested Mohammed Mahmoud ‘Awidat Zakarna (26), from Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, where they raided and searched Ibrahim Mohammed al-Natsha’s (24) house and arrested him. Few hours later, al-Natsha was released provided that he would be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for a week, and then he will return to al-Qashla Police Station to renew his deportation.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Tammun village in  Tubas; in Saffarin, southeast of Tulkarm; and in Al-Bireh and Birzeit in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 18 September 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hanthaza area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Jameel ‘Abed Jawareesh’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF stationed at lions gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, arrested 7 civilians while getting out of al-Aqsa Mosque and took them to al-Qashla police station for interrogation. The arrestees were identified as: Rami Salah al-Fakhori (29), Ibrahim Mohammed al-Natsha (24), Jehad Naser Qawas (26), Ahmed ‘Abdullah Abu Ghazala (51), Ahmed al-Natsha, Rafat Sameeh Najeeb (32), and ‘Esam ‘Abdullah ‘Emirah (72). After interrogating them for few hours, Israeli police released ‘Esam‘Emirah and Rafat  Najeeb provided that they would be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for 6 months, in addition to imposing a fine of NIS 5000 on them, under the pretext of inciting Palestinians and organizing illegal assembly.. Also, Israeli police released Rami al-Fakhori  provided that he would be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for  a week.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed at al-Hamra military checkpoint in central Jordan Valley, north of the West Bank, arrested Khaled Mohammed al-Bazour (33) from Raba village, southeast of Jenin.
  • At approximately 19:20, IOF backed by military vehicles moved 100 meters towards al-Shawka village in eastern Rafah, south of the Gaza Strip. The military vehicles leveled and combed lands before they redeployed along the border fence.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF arrested Hamza Abu Nab (17) while he was near Herod Gate, central of occupied East Jerusalem. Abu Nab was severely beaten and taken to “ al-Breed” police station on Salah al-Deen street.
  • IOF carried out (8) incursions in Sebastia, Madama, Burin, and Sarra villages in Nablus; and As-Samu, Surif and Haska villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 19 September 2020

  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Arraba village, southwest of Jenin; and in Al-Bireh  and Beit Ummar and Nuba villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 20 September 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched Adham Ziyad Abu ‘Aisha’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Deir Sammit village, southwest of Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Islam Sabri Daib Masalma’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed at lions gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, arrested ‘Abdullah al-Joulani (20) and Mohammed ‘Atieq (20), taking them to a police station in the city.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Beit Furik village, northeast of Nablus; and as-Samu, ad-Dhahiriya and Kerza villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 21 September 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Sa’ir village in Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed ‘Isaa Shalaldah’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Anabta village in  eastern Tulkarm, where they raided and searched Khairy Sa’ied Hanoun’s (60) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Isawiya  village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Malek Mostafa’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to journalist Mohammed Qarout Edkidak (27) and handed him a notice to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Moscovia “ police station in west Jerusalem. It should be noted that IOF arrested Edkidak 3 weeks ago after storming his house and interrogated him in al Bareed police station about his journalistic work and owning drone for aerial photography. Edkidak was released next day dawn on bail.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Qalqilyia, where they raided and searched Mo’tasem Mohammed Nazzal’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF and accompanied with military vehicles moved into Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus, and patrolled the village streets. They arrested Omar ‘Atallah Hazem (13) and Mohammed Sa’adah Khalil (14) and released them later in front of “Ali” and “Shvut Rahel” settlements near the village.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in An-Nassariya, Salim, Azmut, and Madama villges in Nablus; and Ash-Shuyukh and Deir al-‘Asal villages in Hebron.No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 22 September 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Aida Camp, north of Bethlehem, where they raided and searched Mohammed Ziyad ‘Ateeq’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Khaled Hamad’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Handaza area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Aseed Hasan al-Wardayn’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Marah Rabah village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Moneer Nasee, Taqatqah’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Marah Rabah village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Husam Mohammed al-Sheikh’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:20, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Saied Mahmoud Nakhla (62), Leader of the Islamic Jihad Movement, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:40, IOF moved into Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Rashad Mohammed Hammad (27) and Mujahed Mahmoud al-Najjar (30) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Beit Rima village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Fadi Bajes al-Remawi’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:40, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Ni’lin village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched ‘Abdul Qader Mostafa al-Khawaja’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF arrested Mohammed al-Zain (25), from al-Thawri neighborhood in southern occupied East Jerusalem, while he was on al-Wad Street in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Al-Zain was severely beaten and taken to al-Qashla Police Station. Few hours later, al-Zain was released after paying a fine of NIS 500, under the pretext of violating COVID-19 rules, and was deported 1000 meters away from his house.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Birzeit village, north of Ramallah; and Sa’ir, Khasa and Halhul villages. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 23 September 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into as-Samu village in southern Hebron, where they raided and searched Mohammed Eyad Khalila’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed in Johar Mount area. They raided and searched Mohammed Ahmed Abu Hamida’s (40) house and withrew later. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into      Beit Fajjar village in southern Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Shaher ‘Isaa Taqatqah’s (25) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Tubas city, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested ‘Obada Shareef ‘Abed al-Razeq (29), taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF stationed at Mavi Dotan checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Saleh Khaled Sadeq Yaseen “Kmail” (18) and Hafiz Ibrahim Zayoud “ Kmail” (40), from Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Burqa village, northwest of Nablus; and Al-Arroub refugee camp and Al-Majd village in Hebron.  No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • At approximately 02:20 on Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF reinforced with military construction vehicles and 2 bulldozers stormed Beit Sira village, west of Ramallah and stationed at the entrance to al-Latroun street (443), adjacent to the village’s intersection. They demolished Mohammed Ismail Anqawi’s house (37).

Mohammed said to PCHR’s fieldworker that he started constructing his 2-story house on (100sqm) in 2010, and he and his family lived in it on 10 May 2020.  Anqawi emphasized that on 15 June 2020, he received a notice from the Israeli Civil Administration to demolish his house under the pretext non-licensing and illegal construction in Area (C) according to the 1993 Oslo Accords. He added that he headed to Israeli courts more than one and the appeals decisions to demolish the house were rejected. On the same day, at dawn, he was surprised when IOF completely demolished his house.  Anqawi pointed out that the house cost him about NIS 300,000.

  • On Thursday, morning 17 September 2020, IOF notified an under-construction house in Tuqu village, southeast of Bethlehem and confiscated a concrete pump. Mayor of Tuqu village, Tayseer Abu Mefreh, said that IOF stormed al-Halqoum area, west of the village and notified Faisal Mohammed al-Amou to halt construction in his under-construction house. Abu Mefreh said that IOF notified his 2-story house built on (140 sqm) under the pretext of non-licensing. He added that IOF confiscated a concrete pump from al-Ma’moun Concrete Factory while pouring cement on his house. IOF threatened Abu Mefreh of not working on the house he would be subject to legal prosecution.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Tibah, east of Tarqumiyah village, northwest of Hebron. The soldiers deployed the area and the bulldozer demolished a tinplate room built on (16 sqm) and stone chain fixed with barbed wire around the ground owned by Mohammed Nayef Mahmoud Shalalfah (45), from Tarqumiyah village.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF backed by 2 military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Jomjomah, north of Hebron. They demolished an agricultural room built of bricks and tinplate on (70 sqm) and a 70-sqaure-meter water well owned Ashraf Mohammed al-Hamouri under the pretext of non-licensing and illegal construction in Area (C). Israeli authorities gave notices to halt construction in the site on 05 November 2020.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF fixed a notice on an electricity column in Madama village, southeast of Nablus, to confiscate 803 meters of a basin No. (7) in Nabe’a Fasayel, al-Zummarah area, well No. (3) affiliated with Madama village lands, south of the village, in order to establish a water purification plant in favor of Tomer agricultural settlement.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF reinforced with Israeli Civil Administration vehicles stormed Jordan northern valleys, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank. Israeli authorities fixed to notices on agricultural facilities’ walls owned by Rami and Hafeth Masaeed. The notices were to remove the 2 facilities within 96 hours under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (c).
  • At approximately 15:00 on Tuesday, 22 September 2020, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers stormed Zif village, northeast of Yatta, south of Hebron. They stationed a land donated from the owners of the Senneh family belongs to Cancer Patients Charitable Society that was leveled to build a treatment center. The soldiers stopped the construction vehicles’ work and confiscated 2 diggers, 2 trucks owned by civilians from Abu Romouz family. It should be noted that this land that has been worked on for 2 months is about 18 dunums.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 23 September 2020, IOF backed by 6 military construction vehicles and bulldozer stormed Kherbat Jbarah village, south of Tulkarm. They demolished a wedding hall and an apartment built on (900 sqm) owned by Jawhar Farah Abu Jaber and registered under his step-mother’s name, Hanan Hamed Abu Jaber, from al-Tiaba city, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (G). The property was under the threat of confiscation in favor of constructing an industrial zone for settlements in the abovementioned area. It should be noted that the period to appeal the wedding hall case before the Supreme Court has not ended as 12 days remain; meanwhile, a final demolition order had not been issued.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Khelet Taha area, south of Dura City, southwest of Hebron. IOF were deployed in the area, while military construction vehicles demolished Mohammed Mahmoud Qateel’s water tank and electrical power network, in addition to electricity poles belonging to Dura Municipality. IOF also demolished Mofeed ‘Abed al-Rahman Hamdan’s concrete floor.

Moreover, IOF confiscated a sit-in tent established by the village residents a month ago to protest against declaring the area as state-owned lands.  It should be noted that on 14 September 2020, Israeli authorities served the aforementioned civilians 96-hour demolition notices, Military orders No. 1797, that gave the concerned civilians 4 days to sort out their legal matters before the demolition and removal. The military decision No. (1797) issued in 2018, which authorizes the Israeli Civil Administration inspector to issue a demolition or removal decision against any building, in which construction has not been completed within (6 months) or has not yet been inhabited (30 days) from the date of the inspector’s arrival to the site.

This kind of notices deprives civilians of their right to defend their houses or facilities. The Israeli Supreme Court also refuses all appeals submitted to freeze or cancel these notices. Also, civilians are denied the opportunity to license their targeted properties, because of the limited time period granted in the military order.

  • At approximately 10:40, IOF backed by Civil Administration vehicle and a bulldozer stormed Bab Shehab area, south of Ni’lin  village, west of Ramallah. The bulldozer demolished a retaining wall built of bricks and cement. The land is surrounded with an agricultural land (1 dunum and 200 meter) owned by Husein Fayez al-Khawaja. The demolition decision came with no prior warning under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • On Wednesday morning, Israeli authorities handed civilians in the southern area in Hebron a decision to confiscate 3000 square meters of civilian’s lands distributed on several areas ( the confiscation was for military purposes), which expires 21 December 2022, and civilians have the right to submit an appeal to obtain compensation from the competent authorities. Israeli authorities use these decisions to establish watchtowers, most of the sites defined in the decision are classified as H2 area, which fall under the Israeli jurisdiction according to Oslo Accords

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 17:00 on Thursday, 17 September 2020, an group of Israeli settlers accompanied with bulldozers stormed Bedia village, west of Salfit, secured by IOF. the settlers attacked civilians’ lands in Khelat Eliyah and Abu Sharoukh area and leveled 16 dunums planted with fruitful trees, completely demolished a farm, uprooted 950 trees, demolished a caravan, and fences and retaining walls and corners. Following are details of the demolition construction:
Owner’s namePlot NumberItem NumberItem NameType of AttackLand area
Saleem Mohammed67Khelat EliyanLeveling 4 dunums, uprooting 100 olive trees, 500 almonds, 10 figs, 20 grapes, 2 citrus, demolishe 280-meter fence, demolish 70 corners,   and demolish 500-meter retaining walls4 dunums
Kamel Yusuf Salamah and Wael Yusuf Salamah612Khelat EliyanLeveling 6 dunums, uprooting 100 olive trees, qnd 50 almods, 40 figs, and 40 grapes, demolishing 640-meter fence, and 200-meter retaining wall6 dunums and 993 meters
Dawoud Abdul Rahman Abdullah Hassan21Abu SharoukhDemolishing a 30-square caravan, uprooting more than 20 olive trees, leveling a 50-meter fence. Demolishing a 50 meter retaining wall5 dunums and 967 meters
  • On Friday morning, 18 September 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from the group of “Paying the Price” attacked took part from “Rahlim” settlement, southeast of Nablus, into the northern area in As-Sawiya, southeast of Nablus, near the abovementioned settlement. They uprooted 100 olive trees, each tree is 50 years old, owned by Ahmed Khairi Abdul Rahman, Motlaq Mousa Motlaq Abu Ras, Abdullah Yusuf Abdullah Abu Ras, and Oudah Abdul Karim al-Khatib.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

On Thursday, 17 September 2020, Israeli authorities declared a full security lockdown on the West Bank, and closed Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) and Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossings for the Jewish New Year. The lockdown will continue from Friday morning until Monday, 21 September 2020, during which Palestinians were not allowed to enter Israel, except for humanitarian, medical and urgent cases after obtaining a special permit from the Coordinator Office in the Territories. IOF usually imposes a full-scale closure and restriction on Palestinian’s movement during the Jewish holidays.

Gaza Strip:

  • The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Of all the Gaza Strip’s border crossings, only 2 currently function: Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) for movement of goods and Beit Hanoun (Erez) for movement of individuals. The Israeli authorities continued to impose restrictions on the entry of goods classified as “dual-use items”, despite their importance in reviving the market, manufacturing and maintenance. As to Beit Hanoun crossing, it is almost completely closed except for emergency humanitarian cases. Lately, a very limited number of individual cases of patients who have obtained medical referrals and financial coverage to Israel were able to travel, and some others referred to Israeli organizations working in the field of health for assistance in coordination.

For the third consecutive week, curfew is still imposed on the Gaza Strip to contain the outbreak of coronavirus, especially after coronavirus cases were confirmed outside the quarantine centers in the Gaza Strip. As a result, the suffering of Gaza Strip population has increased, and there are warns of catastrophic deterioration in their living conditions, especially if the state of emergency is maintained for a lengthy period without establishing mechanisms to protect the poor, unemployed and day laborers, and support low-income households who lost their incomes due to the state of emergency and curfew.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 59 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 5 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Beit Anan village, and the northern entrance to al-Ram village, north of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Thursday, 18 September 2020, IOF imposed a complete closure on neighborhoods and villages of occupied East Jerusalem and restricted its measures on all checkpoints that connects between the West Bank cities and occupied East Jerusalem, within measures taken by the Israeli government to combat the spread of corona virus, which is increasing, especially during the Israeli holidays. IOF also denied access of workers from the West Bank, including permits holders, from entering occupied Jerusalem and Israel, except for diplomatic and international missions, humanitarian cases and emergency medical cases after prior coordination for them.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF tightened their measures at Qalandiya military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem and Jaba military checkpoint connecting between occupied Jerusalem, Ramallah, and Jericho cities, and they obstructed the traffic movement.
  • On Sunday, 20 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Biddu village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.

Ramallah:

  • At approximately 21:00 on 21 September 2020, IOF established a military checkpoint near ‘Atara village’s bridge, north of Ramallah. They searched vehicles, checked civilians’ ID cards and confiscated 2 vehicles with illegal Israeli registration plate owned by Ouda Abu Rajilah and Hasan al-Bazar, from ‘Atara village. On the same day, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: al-Mazra’a eastern village, Silwad, and Ein Yabrud village, Ramallah.
  • On the same day, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: al-Mazra’a eastern, Silwad, and Ein Yabrud villages in Ramallah.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to Marah Rabah village, the western entrance to Tuqu village, near al-Khader village, Aqabet Hasnah area, leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday 18 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western and northern entrances to Tuqu village, east of Bethlehem, and in Aqabet Hasnah area, leading to villages in west of the city.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF closed al-Container” checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, obstructed the vehicles’ movement, and established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrances to Tuqu village, western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the entrance to Marah Rabah village, and near al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 20 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Rashiadah and Marah Rabah villages, near the entrances to Jannatah and Tuqu villages, Aqabet Hasaniah area, leading to villages in west of Bethlehem, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF tightened their measures at al-Container checkpoint, northeast of Bethlehem and established 6 checkpoints at the entrances to Tuqu, Beit Fajjar , Jannatah, and Nahalin villages, Aqabet Hasaniah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem, and near the intersection al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 22 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beit Fajjar area, south of Bethlehem.

Jericho:

  • On Friday, 18 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: Idhna village, al-Aroub refugee camp, and al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 18 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Ummar, and Bani Na’im villages
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrances to Hebron, al-Fawar refugee camp, and ad-Dhahiriya village.
  • On Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: Hebron’s southern entrance, entrance to Yatta city, Bani Na’im village’s entrance, and al-Fawar refugee camp.

Nablus:

  • On Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersections of Shavei Shomron settlement, west of Nablus.
  • On Wednesday, 23 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Howarah village entrance, southeast of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 18 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersections of Ya’bad village, and Arana village’s intersection.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection if Arana village, northeast of Jenin.
  • On Wednesday, 23 September 2020IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kfairet village’s entrance, west of Jenin.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 20 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Friday, 18 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Izbat al-Tabib village, and the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Tuesday, 22 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.

Tulkarm:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Qifin village, north of Tulkarm.
  • On Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ertah Suburb, south of Tulkarm.

More Than Just Statistics: On the Future of the Palestinian Discourse

More Than Just Statistics: On the Future of the Palestinian Discourse |  SALAM ALQUDS ALAYKUM - سلام القدس عليكم

By Ramzy Baroud

Source

A single chart, or a thousand, can never truly describe the actual terror felt by a million children who feared for their lives during those horrific days; or transport us to a bedroom where a family of ten huddled in the dark, praying for God’s mercy as the earth shook, concrete collapsed and glass shattered all around them.

Palestine can never be truly understood through numbers, because numbers are dehumanizing, impersonal, and, when necessary, can also be contrived to mean something else entirely. Numbers are not meant to tell the story of the human condition, nor should they ever serve as a substitute for emotions.

Indeed, the stories of life, death – and everything in-between – cannot be truly and fully appreciated through charts, figures and numbers.  The latter, although useful for many purposes, is a mere numerical depository of data. Anguish, joy, aspirations, defiance, courage, loss, collective struggle, and so on, however, can only be genuinely expressed through the people who lived through these experiences.

Numbers, for example, tell us that over 2,200 Palestinians were killed during the Israeli war on the Gaza Strip between July 8 and August 27, 2014, over 500 of them being children. Over 17,000 homes were completely destroyed, and thousands of other buildings, including hospitals, schools and factories were either destroyed or severely damaged during the Israeli strikes.

This is all true, the kind of truth that is summarized into a neat infographic, updated occasionally, in case, inevitably, some of the critically wounded eventually lose their lives.

But a single chart, or a thousand, can never truly describe the actual terror felt by a million children who feared for their lives during those horrific days; or transport us to a bedroom where a family of ten huddled in the dark, praying for God’s mercy as the earth shook, concrete collapsed and glass shattered all around them; or convey the anguish of a mother holding the lifeless body of her child.

It is easy – and justifiable – to hold the media accountable for the dehumanization of the Palestinians or, sometimes, ignoring them altogether. However, if blame must be apportioned, then others too, including those who consider themselves ‘pro-Palestine’, must reconsider their own position. We are all, to an extent, collectively guilty of seeing Palestinians as sheer victims, hapless, passive, intellectually stunted and ill-fated people, desperate to be ‘saved.’

When numbers monopolize the limelight in a people’s narrative, they do more damage than merely reduce complex human beings to data; they erase the living, too. Regarding Palestine, Palestinians are rarely engaged as equals; they persist at the receiving end of charity, political expectations and unsolicited instructions on what to say and how to resist. They are often the fodder for political bargains by factions or governments but, rarely, the initiative takers and the shapers of their own political discourse.

Under the shadow of the Dome of the Rock Mosque in the Al Aqsa Mosque compound, a shopkeeper visits with a girl and her mother where he sells snacks in the Old City of Jerusalem, Monday, Aug. 10, 2020. (AP Photo/Maya Alleruzzo)

The Palestinian political discourse has, for years, vacillated between one constructed around the subject of victimhood – which is often satisfied by numbers of dead and wounded – and another pertaining to the elusive Fatah-Hamas unity. The former only surfaces whenever Israel decides to bomb Gaza under any convenient pretext at the time, and the latter was a response to western accusations that Palestinian political elites are too fractured to constitute a potential ‘peace partner’ for Israeli rightwing Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu. Many around the world can only understand – or relate to – Palestinians through their victimization or factional affiliation – which, themselves, carry subsidiary meanings relevant to ‘terrorism’, ‘radicalism’, among others.

The reality is, however, often different from reductionist political and media discourses. Palestinians are not just numbers. They are not spectators either, in a political game that insists on marginalizing them. Soon after the 2014 war, a group of Palestinian youth, together with supporters from around the world, launched an important initiative that aimed to liberate the Palestinian discourse, at least in Gaza, from the confines of numbers and other belittling interpretations.

‘We Are Not Numbers’ was launched in early 2015. The group’s ‘About Us’ page reads: “numbers don’t convey  … the daily personal struggles and triumphs, the tears and the laughter, the aspirations that are so universal that if it weren’t for the context, they would immediately resonate with virtually everyone.”

Recently, I spoke to several members of the group, including the Gaza Project Manager, Issam Adwan. It was, indeed, inspiring to hear young, articulate and profoundly resolute Palestinians speaking a language that transcends all the stereotypical discourses on Palestine. They were neither victims nor factional, and were hardly consumed by the pathological need to satisfy western demands and expectations.

“We have talents – we are writers, we are novelists, we are poets, and we have so much potential that the world knows little about,” Adwan told me.

Khalid Dader, one of the Organization’s nearly 60 active writers and bloggers in Gaza, contends with the designation that they are ‘storytellers.’ “We don’t tell stories, rather stories tell us  … stories make us,” he told me. For Dader, it is not about numbers or words, but the lives that are lived, and the legacies that often go untold.

Somaia Abu Nada wants the world to know her uncle, because “he was a person with a family and people who loved him.” He was killed in the 2008 Israeli war on Gaza, and his death has profoundly impacted his family and community. Over 1,300 people were also killed in that war. Each one of them was someone’s uncle, aunt, son, daughter, husband or wife. None of them was just a number.

“‘We Are Not Numbers’ made me realize how necessary our voices are,” Mohammed Rafik told me. This assertion cannot be overstated. So many speak on behalf of Palestinians but rarely do Palestinians speak for themselves. “These are unprecedented times of fear, when our land appears to be broken and sad,” Rafik said, “but we never abandon our sense of community.”

Adwan reminded us of Arundhati Roy’s famous quote, “There’s really no such thing as the ‘voiceless’. There are only the deliberately silenced, or the preferably unheard.”

It was refreshing to talk to Palestinians who are taking the decisive step of declaring that they are not numbers, because it is only through this realization and resolve that Palestinian youth can challenge all of us and assert their own collective identity as a people.

Indeed, Palestinians do have a voice, and a strong, resonating one at that.

Jewish Settler Chief: ‘Palestinians have no right to a state, Bible says Israel for the Jews’

Via The saker

Jewish Settler Chief: ‘Palestinians have no right to a state, Bible says Israel for the Jews’

September 23, 2020

Middle East Observer

Description:
In an extended interview with the Israeli i24News Arabic channel, Jewish settler leader Daniella Weiss says that Palestinians have no right to establish a state, and that the land of Israel belongs to the Jewish people as proclaimed by the ‘eternal words of the Bible’.

Weiss also expresses her disappointment with the UAE for demanding that the annexation plan for parts of the West Bank be frozen in exchange for Emirati peace with Israel. Weiss wondered, “I don’t understand why for peace, we, the settlers in Judea and Samaria (i.e. the West Bank), are expected to stop developing ourselves!”

Source: i24NEWS Arabic (YouTube)

Date: Sep 4, 2020(Important Note: Please help us keep producing independent translations for you by contributing as little as $1/month here: https://www.patreon.com/MiddleEastObserver?fan_landing=true)

Transcript:

Host:

Welcome, dear viewers, to a new episode of “Hadith Akhar”.

Her settlement activity in the West Bank began in the early 1970s. She was the secretary general of the most hardline settlement movement. She was imprisoned for rioting in the West Bank. In past years she has also been active in a movement that supports the establishment of illegal settlement outposts.

We talk to Daniella Weiss in “Hadith Akhar”.

TV report:

Daniella Weiss was born in Bnei Brak, just east of Tel Aviv in 1945. During the period 1984-1988, she was the General Secretary of the Gush Emunim settlement movement. In 1987, she was arrested and convicted with respect to rioting in the city of Qalqilya (located in the north of the West Bank). During the period 1996-2007, she was elected head of the local council of the Kedumim settlement, just near Qalqilya. In 1992, she failed to reach the Knesset on a ticket supported by settlers.

Host:

Welcome Ms. Daniella. Let us start from the latest developments in the (Israeli) political arena.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu froze the annexation plan (to annex the West Bank, or parts thereof, to Israel territory)in exchange for establishing ties with the United Arab Emirates (UAE). First, how do you view this step by Netanyahu?

Weiss:

Greetings. I think that this step is a big mistake on the part of our Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to stop the development of the Jewish community in Judea and Samaria (i.e. the Israeli government term for the West Bank). But, I’m not sure that he specifically said that he will “freeze” (the annexation plan), I think he said that he will ‘stop the process of annexation of declaring Israeli law on the Jewish community (in that region). But if you’re telling me that it’s even worse (than this), then I’ll be disappointed with him, since (Netanyahu) is a great leader and I, as a member of the Jewish community in Judea and Samaria, always expect more from him.

Host:

This is a controversial topic (cancelation of annexation plan); Netanyahu says that he “halted” or “froze” (the annexation plan). In contrast, the Emirati state says that this plan is “canceled and is now off the table” in exchange for ties with the UAE. So, was it peace in exchange for (cancelling) this Israeli (annexation) plan?

Weiss:

I must say that I am very much disappointed also from the Emirati side, that they demand stopping the annexation or the development of the Jewish community (in exchange) for peace. Well, I was planning to show you what is the stage of (sic) – these black spots (on the map) show what is planned for the Palestinian state, and the white color refers to Jewish settlement. This means that the Israeli state is threatened by a Palestinian state which doesn’t express love or support for the Jewish state.

For this reason, I don’t understand why for peace, we, the settlers in Judea and Samaria (i.e. the West Bank), we are expected to stop developing ourselves. It doesn’t make sense. It doesn’t sound like a step towards peace, it sounds like leaving us, the settlers in Judea and Samaria, and leaving the state of Israel with a narrow strip (of land), if they were (indeed) to take off part of this land for the sake of a Palestinian state.

This is (most) unreasonable. And I am looking forward to seeing how (Netanyahu) sees this peace agreement, because there doesn’t seem to me much peace in this agreement. It seems to be an intersection of interests, which is good for the Emirates, good for the US, but not good for Israel.

Host:

Yet peace (between Israel) and the Arabs, and several Arab states, considering that many of (these states) had mutual enmity with Israel, isn’t Israel’s sense of security and safety in relation to neighbouring Arab states, isn’t this worth giving up the annexation plan and settlement expansion in the West Bank?

Weiss:

I think I am trying to explain. There is a reason to give away the annexation (plan).  But there is a map which shows that the narrow waist of the Israeli state is an impossible situation for (Israel) to live long with. I think we should be more careful, since some say that the Sinai Peninsula that was given to the Egyptians poses some threat to Israel. But (for me) it is livable. Certain parts from the borders that were given to Jordan were small. Gaza was a catastrophe, but we can live with it. But can we live without our heart? The center of our homeland? This makes no sense. I know there is a high level of celebration but I am not celebrating. I am warning. I warn if the condition was to stop Jewish life in the heart of our homeland for what is defined as a peace, then this is not a peace.

Host:

Yet you had your own stance in relation to the annexation plan. When this plan was proposed and put into implementation, it faced opposition due to ideological reasons that considered (the plan) destructive for the Israeli state and for the settlement project. On the other hand, the world and the majority of the world view it as being destructive for the two-state solution. What threatens this plan? What threatens your (settlement) project in this regard?

Weiss:

You did very good homework. Not many people in Israel know exactly what the stance of some settlers was. It is correct that I was in the settler camp which was very much against the annexation plan which went by the plan which is called the “Trump Plan” or the “Deal of the Century”. Why was I against it? Because it was directly connected with building a Palestinian (home) state, and here it’s not just about giving 30% (of the area) for the settlers and the rest is for the Palestinians It was a formal recognition that gives the possibility for the establishment of a Palestinian state in the heart of the homeland of the Jews. Why would I agree with it? Do you know why some did agree with it? Because we were under so much stress – I mean we the settlers – for so many years, with the freezing (of the settlements) in Obama’s time, in addition to the redlines even during Trump’s term.

So some people were thinking that there will be (positive) change; that we (as settlers in certain outposts) will become considered a part of the Israeli state, and that this will be in our favor. Usually, I see life in its positive fold. This time though, I saw that Trump, Kushner, and their team pledged that 70% of this area be for a Palestinian state that will be established. I believe that this is impossible. There is a Palestinian Authority that has the democratic ability to run life for Palestinians in a democratic way, but not through an independent state.

Host:

You oppose Trump’s Deal of the Century; don’t you feel concerned that you will lose such an American ally who backs Israel? Don’t you fear that Israel and the settlers may lose this supportive friend of Israel?

Weiss:

Mohammad, you are asking me this question on the day of the first ever flight from Israel to Abu Dhabi into the Emirates. It’s not just about this tiny thing, i.e. what is going to happen in Judea and Samaria. It is a global interest. More than Israel needs the US, the US needs Israel. Because it is a global interest. It is the ongoing struggle between Russia and US; it’s about natural resources; about oil; about the world fight against terror; about the Iran threat; about the conflict between Iran (on the one hand), and Saudi Arabia, the Emirates and the US (on the other). It is a global thing.

I was planning to to tell (Netanyahu), who’s going to deliver an address in 20 minutes, that he shouldn’t be afraid of the US. Trump is an ally of Israel. And since the (US) has (shared) interests with Israel and interests in the Middle East, (Netanyahu) knows well that the US can rely on Israel (which serves its interests). It is time for Netanyahu to demand from Trump the growth of the Jewish community in Judea and Samaria, and not the freezing of such construction. We must be brave and not bow down.  (Netanyahu) is a brave man, but the freezing (of settlement construction) in Judea and Samaria is not a brave step from him.

Host:

You are against the establishment of a Palestinian state and the freezing of settlement construction in the West Bank as well. If we want to talk about the borders of the state of Israel as far as you’re concerned, where do the borders of the state of Israel extend to? You have shown your map (to the viewers), kindly show us the Israeli state borders (on your map), as far as you’re concerned.

Weiss:

From the political point of view, the state of Israel, in the current political situation, is located between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea, including the entire Golan Heights, the Galilee and the Golan (regions). Regarding the Jewish religion and its creed, we can (then) speak the language of the religion and creed; we have the ‘promised land’ from the Bible. The Middle East in WWI and WWII was different from now. Some day, according to the Bible, a change may occur in this land. But in this current political situation, (Israeli) borders are between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea.

Host:

What about the Palestinians for whom you deny the right of statehood? Where should they go? Is the solution, as you use to say, to encourage (the Palestinians) to migrate?

Weiss:

Let’s start from the first part of your question. The Palestinians have the ‘Palestinian Authority’. This authority has the right to have its own democratic elections; it has the right to have its own institutions and departments; however, it is not a state of its own. The only state in Israel is Israel. This is its name, Israel, coming from our forefathers. So there’s no option to build another state within France or the United Kingdom, just as there is no option to establish another state within Israel. Israel is for the Jews. ‘Israel’, meaning Jacob, this is the beginning of our nation.

Today, what will happen? (The Palestinians) have an Authority, they have independent lives, but they have no ability to vote for the Knesset. They can vote for their own institutions, not as (institutions) of a state, but rather institutions belonging to the (Palestinian) Authority.

Host:

However, more than 5 million Palestinians live in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Don’t they have the right to have an independent state in which they can live?

Weiss:

I think that – and we will not debate now whether there are four or five million (Palestinians), four million is still a good number – let’s continue from this point: the fact that the Jewish state was established, and even before this, the fact that the Jewish pioneers came from all over the world and began to revive the holy land of Israel once again, which was a desolate country at the end of the Ottoman Empire.

Then it attracted – and this is a well-known fact – it attracted many Arabs, Bedouins, tribes, from Saudi Arabia, Syria, Lebanon, and Egypt, they all came to the land of Israel, and this is how (this land) was developed. It was the result of the Jews who came to this land; the new cities and towns that were established by Jewish pioneers, who revived the desolate land, and made it an attractive place for people all over the Middle East.

That does not mean that we – that the Jews – have to give up and say: ‘well, we have to share the only state that the Jews have in the world, to share it with another country’. They should have taken this into consideration, and we said it at the appropriate time, that we will never divide up our homeland in Israel (with other people). By the way, and here I made a mistake: there was a partition plan in 1947, and the Jewish leadership did agree (to it), to share the western part of the land of Israel. This proposal was rejected by the Arabs, and I (personally) was not in support of this proposal either.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Palestine(10– 16 September 2020)

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Israeli Violations of Human Rights in Palestine

10 – 16 September 2020

  • 6 Palestinian civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force;
  • shootings reported at agricultural lands and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip;
  • In 80 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 68 civilians arrested, including 9 children, 2 women, and a journalist;
  • 2 Palestinians from Gaza arrested, one at Erez Crossing while travelling for medical treatment abroad; and another after attempting to sneak into Israel;
  • IOF conducts 2 incursions into eastern Gaza Strip;
  • 4 houses and a residential building self-demolished; other demolition notices distributed in occupied East Jerusalem;
  • 3 construction vehicles confiscated, road-construction and land rehabilitation blocked; 9 cease-construction and demolition notices served in the West Bank;
  • IOF established 70 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 5 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF wounded 6 Palestinian civilians, including a journalist and a child, in excessive use of force during raids into Palestinian cities. IOF also continued its policy of demolishing and destroying Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes.

The curfew continues in the Gaza Strip for the second week in a raw to limit the spread of coronavirus after cases were discovered outside quarantine centers. PCHR warns of the catastrophic implications of coronavirus spread in the Gaza Strip, especially with its already-exhausted health care system due to 14 years of illegal and inhuman closure and collective punishment policies imposed by IOF on the Gaza Strip.

This week, PCHR documented 169 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: IOF wounded 6 civilians in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank, including a child and a journalist: 4 were wounded, including journalist Nasser Shtayyeh (52) from Salem village who sustained a live bullet in the neck, at Kafr Qaddum weekly protest against settlement expansion activities in Qalqilya; another civilian sustained wounds near the Annexation Wall in Jenin, and a child was wounded in IOF raid into Ramallah.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF opened fire twice at agricultural lands and twice at fishing boats, eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 80 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 68 Palestinians were arrested, including 9 children, 2 women, and a journalist. In Gaza, IOF arrested two Palestinians, both from Khan Younis: one at Erez Crossing while travelling for treatement abroad via the crossing; and the other was arrested while attempting to enter Israel. IOF also conducted two incursions into eastern Central Gaza and Gaza governorates.

Demolitions:

IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 11 violations, including:

  • East Jerusalem: 4 houses, and a residential building, self-demolished; demolition notices served to houses and a mosque and an order to vacate a house;
  • Jenin: road construction interrupted, and a construction vehicle confiscated;
  • Hebron: 9 cease-construction and demolition notices served to 3 houses, a sheep barn, agricultural lands and an electric network;
  • Tulkarm: construction vehicle confiscated;
  • Bethlehem: road rehabilitation work interrupted, and a construction vehicle confiscated.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

For the third consecutive week, curfew is still imposed on the Gaza Strip to contain the outbreak of coronavirus,  especially after coronavirus cases were confirmed outside the quarantine centers in the Gaza Strip. As a result, the suffering of Gaza Strip population has increased, PCHR fears a catastrophic deterioration in living conditions if the curfew is maintained for a lengthy period without a protection mechanism for the poor, unemployed and limited-income families, as well as daily workers who have lost their sources of income due to the state of emergency and curfew.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

   I. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity

  • At approximately 07:00 on Friday, 11 September 2020, IOF signed to guard the annexation wall near Thahr al-Abed village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank, fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at a number of Palestinian workers, attempting to enter Israel for work. As a result, a 22-year-old civilian, from Qafen village, north of Tulkarm, north of the West Bank, was shot with a teargas canister to his mouth and he was transferred to Dr. Khalil Suleiman Hospital in Jenin for medical treatment. His wound was described as moderate.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 11 September 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians were shot; including the journalist Naser Shtayyeh (52) who was shot with a live bullet to his neck.
  • At approximately 15:00 on Saturday, 12 September 2020, • a number of Palestinian young men gathered at Bab al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada’a closed street. A number of Israeli soldiers fired teargas canisters at the stone-throwers, resulted in a number of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation. The clashes continued until 17:30, when the Israeli soldiers fired rubber bullets at them. As a result, a 13-year-old child was shot with a rubber bullet to his face, and he was taken to the Governmental Hospital in Hebron.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Sunday, 13 September 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3-6 nautical miles) and opened fire at them causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:00, an Israeli infantry unit stormed the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp that leads to Bypass Road (60) and deployed between civilians’ houses. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with live bullets and teargas canisters against the stone-throwers. As a result, a number of the Palestinian civilian suffered teargas inhalation, and no incursions or arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara village, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Abasan al-Kabira and Abasan al-Jadida villages, adjacent to the border fence with Israel. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 01:30 on Monday, 14 September 2020, IOF moved into al-Zawiya village, west of Salfit. They shot sound bombs and teargas canisters in the streets and arrested Ashraf Farah Qadous and Mohammed Zuhair Qadous, and released them later.
  • At approximately 03:15 on Tuesday, 15 September 2020, IOF moved into Ramallah and stationed in al-Masyoun neighborhood. A number of young men gathered, and threw stones at Israeli soldiers, who responded by shooting sound bombs, teargas canisters and live bullets. As a result, a 16-year-old child, from Um al-Sharayet neighborhood, was shot with a shrapnel of a teargas canister to his neck and leg, and he was taken to Palestine Medical Center in Ramallah.
  • At approximately 13:30 on Tuesday, 15 September 2020, IOF closed the military checkpoint established on the entrance of al-Shuhada street and banned the students of Qurtuba School, located in the middle of al-Shuhada St, street from leaving for 30 minutes. Meanwhile, a number of young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by shooting sound bombs and teargas canisters randomly at the Palestinian civilians, forcing them to close their stores and leave. As a result, many civilians suffered teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 05:45 on Wednesday, 16 September 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (2-6 nautical miles) and opened fire and sound bombs at them causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No injuries were reported.

  II. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 10 September 2020:

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF stationed at the “Container” military checkpoint, northeast of Bethlehem, arrested Bara’ Tayseer Jaber (26), from Jenin refugee camp, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Ammer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ammar Bader Mahmoud Ikhlayel’s (41) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Marwan Mahmoud Eissa Fararja’s (33) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Sa’eer village, north of Hebron, and stationed in al-Shifa area. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Jehad Khaled Shalaleda (34), and the journalist Abd al-Mohsen Tayseer Shalaleda (28), who were taken to unknown destinations. At approximately 11:00, they were released from the “Gush Etzion” settlement’s detention center, south of Bethlehem.

Abdul Mohsen Shalaleda said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

While me and my family were sleeping, we heard knocks on our door, so I opened the door of the house to see the Israeli occupation soldiers surrounding the house. They ordered me to wear my clothes and bring my cell phone with me and accompany them. They took me along with my uncle, Khaled Shalaleda, by one of their military vehicles to al-Fardis military camp, south of Bethlehem, before we were taken to “Gush Etzion” settlement, were I was interrogated about my journalistic work. At approximately 11:00, we were released.”

  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Shuyukh village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Qassam Mousa Halayqa’s (37) house and took him to an unknown destination. At approximately 11:00, he was released from “Gush Etzion” settlement’s detention center, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF stationed at the “Container” military checkpoint, northeast of Bethlehem, arrested Abdul Ra’ouf Ahmed Jaradat (20), from Jenin refugee camp, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF claimed that he possessed a gun in his car. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF arrested Shady Mohammed Abu Akar (34), from Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem, while present near “Etzion” rotary south of the city, and took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that Abu Akar is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • In evening hours, IOF stationed adjacent to the border fence with Israel, east of Khan Younis, arrested Sharaf Mahmoud Ramadan al-Shami (26), from Bani Suhaila village, east of Khan Younis, while attempting to sneak inside the border fence. His father said to PCHR’s fieldworker that Sharaf left the house at approximately 20:00, and on Friday, 11 September 2020, they received a phone call from the Israeli army to notify them that Sharaf was arrested and taken to al-Majdal “Ashkelon” prison.
  • IOF carried out (8) incursions in Ti’inik, Zububa, and Faqqua villages in Jenin; Tubas, al-Aqaba, and Talluza, north of Nablus; Deir Istiya, north of Salfit; and Birzeit, north of Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 11 September 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Khalil Mahmoud Eissa al-Najjar’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians including two children. The arrestees are: Ali Sufian Obaid (18), Younis Sufian Obaid (15), Yazan Emran Obaid (20), and Mohammed Ibrahim al-Kharouf (15). They were released after several hours of investigation in “al-Barid” police station, on condition of house arrest for 5 days and paying (500 NIS) for each.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF arrested Amjad Othman Rasheed al-Far (25), from Qalqilya, while present in the eastern entrance of Qalqilya. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Dura and al-Fawwar refugee camp, in Hebron governorate. no arrests were reported.

Saturday, 12 September 2020

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. They raided and searched Khader Mahmoud Madi’s (27) house and arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Jiftlik village in northern Jericho, central of the West Bank. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hitham Ibrahim Ahmed Jahaleen (22) and Bahaa’ Hasan Jahaleen (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF stationed at al-Jalma checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jenin, arrested Saddam Mahmoud al-Sa’di (20) and Kamal Mohammed Ameen al-Sa’di (20), from Halima al-Sa’diyia neighborhood in western Jenin, after stopping their motorcycle. During their arrest, Saddam and Kamal were beaten and released 8 hours later, while their motorcycle was confiscated.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Halhul city and Ash-Shuyukh village in Hebron; and Al-Mughayyir village and Al-Bireh city in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 13 September 2020

  • At approximately 01:40, IOF moved into Qalqilya, where they raided and searched ‘Ali Yousef Shareeem’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Attil village in northern Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Naserallah Omar Shalabi (20) and Fadi ‘Ali ‘Abed al-Hafiz (23) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Showika suburb in northern Tulkarm. They raided and searched Mohammed Moneer E’mar’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Deir Sammit village, southwest of Dura city, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in al-Roq’a area. They raided and searched Mohammed Foad Rayan’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Ras al-Amud neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched ‘Abed al-Raheem Mahmoud Barbar’s (80) house and arrested him, taking him to MoscoviaPolice Station in West Jerusalem. It should be noted that Barbar is the father of detainee Majd Barbar, who has served 19 years and several months of his 20-year sentence.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-Sa’diyia neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Harees Hijazi’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Hebron city and Beit Ummar village in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 14 September 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mahmoud al-Selwadi al-Ashqar’s (53) house and arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination. Al-Ashqar was interrogated for few hours and later released.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Qarawat Bani Hassan village, where they raided and searched Mousa Ya’qoub ‘Assi’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kafr Ein, northwest of  Ramallah. They raided and searched Saleh Omar al-Refa’i’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Mahmoud Mohammed Hasan Fasfous’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF arrested the Fatah movement’s secretary in Jerusalem, Shadi Mutwar (43) and his wife after stopping their vehicle in Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem, taking them to MoscoviaPolice Station in West Jerusalem. Lawyer Khaldon Najem said that Israeli authorities released the secretary of the Fatah movement in Jerusalem, Shadi Mutour, and his wife provided that Mutwar’s wife and their 5 children would be under Israeli-imposed house arrest as a prelude to displace her from occupied East Jerusalem, after her residency in the city was withdrawn. Najem pointed out that Israeli authorities imposed the house arrest on Mutwar’s wife until issuing a decision on her case filed to the Israeli District Court regarding withdrawing her residency by the Israeli Interior Ministry and deciding to displace her away from her house and children. Israeli authorities claimed that her husband poses a threat to the state security. It should be noted that Mutwar got married in 2006 and after several years, her wife got a residence permit in Jerusalem, which was later withdrawn. It is noteworthy that Mutwar was deported from al-Aqsa Mosque few months ago, and he is exposed to ongoing harassments by Israeli Intelligence Service in Jerusalem.
  • In evening, IOF stationed at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing in northern Gaza Strip, arrested Mohammed Tayseer Saleem Sawali (36), from Qizan al-Najjar area in Khan Yunis, while traveling to receive treatment at al Mutlaa Hospital via Erez crossing. Sawali’s father said to PCHR’s fieldworker that his son Mohammed, married and has one child, is diagnosed with cancer 6 months ago, and he obtained a medical referral to al Mutlaa Hospital. At approximately 13:00 on Monday, his son arrived at Erez crossing with his mother Asmahan Mohammed Taleb Sawali (52). After that, Israeli Intelligence Service summoned Mohammed for interrogation. At approximately 19:00, IOF informed Mohammed’s mother, who was in the crossing waiting hall, that her son was arrested, ordering her to return to Gaza. Asmahan was returned to Gaza and quarantined while Mohammed is still under Israeli arrest.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Kharbatha al-Misbah  village in Ramallah, and as-Samu and Karma villages in Hebron.No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 15 September 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Baqa ash-Sharqiyya village and Nur Shams refugee camp in Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Loai Zidan Jaber (43), from Nur Shams camp, and Rasem Mohammed ‘Odah (40), from Baqa ash-Sharqiyya village.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 10 civilians, including 5 children, taking them to a police station in the city.  PCHR keeps the names of the arrestees.
  • At approximately 02:40, IOF moved into Ramallah, and stationed in al-Masayif neighborhood. They raided and searched Hassan Ishtayieh Abu al-Razi’s (53) house and arrested him. Al-Razi, a former prisoner, was released on the same day.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Tour neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Hamza Abu al-Hawa (20), Fadi Khwais (18), Mohammed Abu Jum’a (18), and Mohammed Abu Ghannam (19).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Baqa ash-Sharqiyya village, northeast of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Hekmat Fawzi Mohammed Khalaf’s (34) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF reinforced with 4 military vehicles moved 100 meters to the west of border fence with Israel, east of Gaza Valley (Juhor al-Deek), southeast of Gaza City. They leveled and combed lands along the border fence  before they redeployed again at approximately 15:00.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef ‘Alawi Hamdan’s (27) house and arrested him. Also, Israeli police summoned Rami Fakhori, Rohi Kalghasi, Jehad Qawas, Mohammed Hazinah, and Hisham Basheti for interrogation in al-Qashla Police Station, west Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and handed 5 civilians notices to refer to Israeli Intelligence Service for interrogation in al-Qashla police station. After interrogating them, the civilians were handed a one-week deportation notices away from al-Aqsa, Mosque with the possibility of extending the deportation decision for several months. The deportees were identified as: isham Mohammed al-Bashiti (19), Hehad Naser Qawas (26), Rami Salah Fakhouri (29), Rohi Mahmoud al-Kalghasi (24), and Mohammed Naser Hazinah (25).
  • At approximately 17:00, an Israeli special undercover unit “Mista’arvim” sneaked into Burqin village, west of Jenin, via a van with Palestinian registration plate, and stationed near a fuel station. They arrested Mohammed Eyad Hasan Matahen (17), from Jenin refugee camp, while present in the village outskirts, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF raided and searched a house belonging to Hanadi Mohammed al-Halwani (42), a former prisoner, and arrested her. After interrogating her for several hours in MoscoviaPolice Station in west Jerusalem, she was released on bail of NIS 5000 and provided not to communicate with several persons mentioned in the investigation.
  • At approximately 21:10, IOF stationed at ‘Inab military checkpoint east of Tulkarm, arrested Ahmed Fawzi Tawfiq al-Wawi (27), from Bal’a village in northern Tulkarm.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Hizma village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested Ayman and Mohammed Khader ‘Aqab Salah al-Deen.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Asira al-Qibliya and Sebastia villages in Nablus; and Surda village and al-Ersal neighborhood in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 16 September 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into al_Jib village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem, where they raided and searched Rowad Mohammed Jameel Khalifa’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Umm Salamuna village, south of Bethlehem, where they raided and searched Murad Jehad Mohammed Taqatqah’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Marah Rabah village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohanad Mohammed Khalil al-Shiekh (18) and Mo’taz Mohammed Mostafa al-Sheikh (18) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Sa’ir village, east of Hebron, where they raided and searched Hamed Omar Jaradat’s (40) house. IOF were later withdrew  and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 02:55, IOF moved into Qalqilya, where they raided and searched Mohammed Sameeh Jaber’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched Hamed Taha Abu Isninah’s (36) house and handed him a notice to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in ” Gush Etzion ” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Silat ad-Dhahr village, south of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched two houses belonging to As’ad Ameen ‘Abed al-Rahmen Hantoli (42), Mayor of Silat ad-Dhahr village Municipality, and Fahed ‘Abed al-‘Aziz Shaker Za’rour (35) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Wadi Abu Friha area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Montaser ‘Adnan al-‘Abiyat (26) and Zayid Mohammed al-‘Abiyat (45) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF reinforced with 5 military vehicles moved 100 meters to the west of border fence with Israel, northeast of al-Bureij refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip. They leveled and combed lands along the border fence and then  moved to southeast of al-Maghazi camp. Later, they redeployed along the border fence.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into al-Sowana neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem, where they raided and searched Ya’qoub Mahmoud Abu ‘Asab’s (48) house. IOF confiscated NIS 21,000 from ‘Asab’s house, under the pretext that the money was disbursed  from terrorist bodies.  Amjad Abu ‘Asab, Ya’qoub’s brother and Head of the Committee of Families of Prisoners in Jerusalem, said that IOF raided and searched his brother’s house and confiscated NIS 21,000. They also handed Ya’qoub’s wife a military order issued by the former defense minister, Bennett, ordering  Israeli soldiers to seize the money, under the pretext that the money was disbursed to his brother through terrorist bodies “the Ministry of Detainees Affairs  “. It should be noted that Ya’qoub was arrested several times and served 15 years in the Israeli jails.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Dura and Beit Ummar villages. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • On Saturday morning, 12 September 2020, Mohammed and his brother Mustafa Jom’ah al- Salaimah implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished their apartments in Wadi Qadum neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing.

Mohammed al-Salaimah  said that  he and his brother  started constructing a 2-story building in Wadi Qadoum neighborhood and each floor has one apartment  (80 sqm). In the meantime, the Israeli municipality stormed the construction area and issued  a demolition decision under the pretext of building without licensing, thus, the 2 siblings stopped the construction. Al-Salaimah added that he intended to prepare his apartment to live in it after his marriage. However, he and his brother had to self-demolish their houses with hand tools to avoid paying more fines and the demolition costs for the municipality, which exceed NIS 100,000. It should be noted that the construction process cost al-Salaimah siblings about NIS 170,000, most of it was lent.

  • At approximately 11:00 on Sunday, 13 September 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers stormed Labid area, south of Araqah, adjacent to the annexation wall, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. IOF the village’s Council from completing the construction of a 200-meter long  Labid Road  that was cut off by the annexation wall  since its establishment in 2003, as the council started working on it 3 days ago. This road links between Araqah village and Ya’bad and Khirbat et Tarim villages and serves villages in west of Jenin  by connecting it with Nablus, Jenin and Tulkarm. IOF also detained workers for some time before they take over a bulldozer owned by Maher Mohammed Hasan Abu Asab, from al-Yamoun village, west of Jenin, under the pretext of illegal work in Area (C). The bulldozer  was used in favor of Araqah Village’s Council.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 14 September 2020, Israeli Municipality crews stormed several neighborhoods in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem and distributed summonses and demolition notices to several facilities, including al-Qa’qa’ Mosque in Ein al-Louza neighborhood in Silwan in the abovementioned village, under the pretext without licensing. Eyewitnesses said that the Municipality crews accompanied with Israeli police officers stormed Kuroum Qamar Ein al-Fuqa, and Abu Tayeh neighborhoods in the village. They also served  demolition notices at several facilities, including the house of the Secretary of Fatah Movement, Ahmed al-Abbasi, which is established for more than 20 years, and a 35-square-meter house owned by Iyad al-Abasi in Ein al-Fuqa area, which is established for more than 12 years. The Municipality crews also hanged a decision to demolish al-Qa’qa’ Mosque in Ein al-Louza and gave the residents 21 days to challenging the decision and if they did not challenge it and attend the court’s session, the court will implement the demolition decision within a month. Sheikh Hani Abu Dayyah, Emam of al-Qa’qa’ Mosque said to PCHR’s fieldworker  the he was surprised with the demolition decision set by the Israeli Municipality officers in the  mosque under the pretext of not paying the imposed fines on the Mosque construction. Sheikh Hani emphasized that constructing the mosque does not require a license from Israeli Municipality  and he did not receive any financial fine so he would pay it. He added that the mosque was established 8 years and was reconstructed and expanded 3 years ago with a distance of 110 sqm. The mosque is built of bricks and include a prayer hall for men and a bathroom  as hundreds of worshipers pray in it. The mosque that is necessary for the area was built from the residents’ donations.
  • At the same time, IOF backed by a military construction vehicle accompanied with the Israeli Civil Administration officers stormed At-Tuwani village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed between civilians’ houses while the Civil Administration officers gave 3 demolition notices that included:
  1. An under-construction house built on 60 square meters owned by Mosab Mor Rab’ie.
  2. An under-construction house built on 50 square meters owned by Mahmoud No’man Abu Aram.
  3. A livestock barn built of tin plates on an area of 80 square meters owned by Mohammed Essa Rab’ie.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF reinforced with a military construction vehicle accompanied with the Israeli Civil Administration officers stormed Khelat Taha area, south of Dura, southwest of Heborn. The Civil Administration officer photographed  a number of under-construction residential buildings in the area and fixed on their walls 6 demolition notices with the number (1779). These notices give civilians 4 days to complete their legal affairs before the demolition is implemented.

The military decision No. (1797) issued in 2018, allows the Civil Administration officer to issue a decision to demolish of remove any building where construction was not completed within 6 months or it was inhabited by it residents for less than 30 days from the date of the inspector’s arrival to the site.

This kind of notices deprive civilians their right to defend their houses or facilities. The Israeli Supreme Court also refuse the file an appeal to freeze or cancel these notices. Civilians further are  denied of applying a license for their targeted houses due to the short legal period allowed by the military order. The following notices are included:

Affected PersonsTargeted Facility
Mohammed Mahmoud Qatil200-square-meter land prepared to build a house on it
Dura MunicipalityElectricity network with 300 meters long / plastic water tank
Mofeed Abdul Rahman HamdanUnder-construction house built on 70 meters and inhabited by family of 8 individuals
Mofeed Abdul Rahman HamdanConcrete floor prepared for building a house
Mofeed Abdul Rahman Hamdan150-square-meter land
Mofeed Abdul Rahman Hamdan150-square-meter land
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF stormed the land threatened to be confiscated near Khirbet Jubara village, in Tulkarm. IOF confiscated a bulldozer owned by Yazan Mesbah Masarwah, from Faroun village, while he was working in the area and handed him a notice to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service.
  • In the evening hours, the Israeli Supreme Court issued a decision against Ezzat Salah’s family to evacuate their house in Wadi Helwah in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem in favor of “Elad” Settlement Association.
  • The family’s lawyer, Nael al-Rashed, said to PCHR that the Israeli Supreme Court gave Salah family until 05 November 2020, to implement the eviction decision. The court also decided to compensate the family as a protected tenant with a sum of NIS 361,000. Al-Rashed explained that the “Elad” Settlement Association managed  to seize most of the property  after they bought it except for the Salah family’s apartment, which was classified as a “protected tenant”, has lived since 1968.

Al-Rashed added that the Magistrate’s Court, the District Court, and the Supreme Court issued a decision in favor of “Elad” Settlement Association to evict the family from their house even though it is a “protected tenant,” based on laws that enable the property owner to evict the tenants, when needed when they are not able to use of benefit from it if the Salah family stayed in the house as the room and the apartment share the same entrance of the house and the room has no benefits according to “Elad” Settlement Association’s claims.

The house owner, Ezzat Salah, said that during the past years, he was subjected to financial temptations and harassments from settlers, in an attempt to force him to give up his house where he lived for decades.

  • In the same day evening, Walid Mousa Abu Edahim implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished residential building in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem under the pretext of building without licensing. Walid said that he returned to Jerusalem in 1998 from Jordan where he was settled after his brother’s death by drowning to raise his orphan children. Therefore, he built a residential building in 2000 so his family and his brother family live in it. Abu Edhaim emphasized that the building was built on 500 square meters and comprised of 2 floors; 4 apartments and 3 stores. He added that he received a demolition notice in 2004 under the pretext of building without licensing. Since that date until 2018, Abu Edhaim sought to obtain a license, but to no avail. That cost him more than NIS 700,000 ( U.S $ 200,00) distributed on fines and lawyers’ fees and litigation procedures.

Abu Edahim pointed out that the Israeli court gave him time to 2019, to complete his affairs and obtain a license for his house, but to no vain. Therefore, he was given the option  either to allow the Israeli Municipality to destroy the house and pay NIS150,000 fine for the demolition costs or to demolish his house by himself. Therefore, he had to self-demolish his building. Abu Edahim said that before the demolition his family, his brother’s family, his married son, and another tenant ( about 22 person ) lived in the house and all of them now became homeless without a shelter.

  • On the same evening, Osamah Taleb Zahaika implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house in al-Mokaber Mount neighborhood, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of building without a licensing. Zahaika said that he built his 79-square-meter house in 2014 from bricks and tin plate. The house was comprised of 2 rooms and their benefits where Zahaika, his wife and 3 children live in. Zahaika emphasized that the Israeli Municipality pursued him few year ago and imposed a fine of NIS 25,000. He attempted to obtain construction license, but in vain. Therefore, Zahaika had to self-demolish his house after the Israeli police raided his house and notified him of the demolition decision and gave him one day to implement it.
  • On Tuesday evening, 15 September 2020, Saoud Adnan al-Qanbar implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house in al-Mokaber Mount neighborhood, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of building without a licensing. Al-Qanbar said that he built his 100 square-meter house in 2015, which was comprised of 3 rooms, a living room, kitchen, and bathroom where he, his wife and his 6 children ( the eldest one is 16 years old and the youngest one is 3 years old) lived in it. Al-Qanbar emphasized  that the Israeli Municipality pursued him few months after  his house was built. In 2018, the Israeli Municipality issued a demolition  decision and imposed a fine of NIS 45,000. Al-Qanbar added that  during the past five years, he attempted to obtain a construction license  and paid  NIS 80,000 for the lawyer and engineer, but in vain. He also said that he had to self-demolish his house  after the Israeli police raided his house two days ago and threatened him if he did not self-demolish his house, he would pay a fine of NIS 90,000 for the Israeli Municipality.
  • Also on Tuesday evening, IOF stopped the work on a road rehabilitation project that links between Kisan village and al-Rashayida village, east of Bethlehem, and confiscated a bulldozer. Ahmed Ghazal, Head of Kisan Village’s Council, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF stopped the work  in a road rehabilitation project that links between a common cemetery for Kisan and al-Rashayida villages  and confiscated a bulldozer under the pretext of non-licensing and  the road is located in Areas (C) that is under full Israeli control .

 VI. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

Gaza Strip:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Of all the Gaza Strip’s border crossings, only 2 currently function: Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) for movement of goods and Beit Hanoun (Erez) for movement of individuals. The Israeli authorities continued to impose restrictions on the entry of goods classified as “dual-use items”, despite their importance in reviving the market, manufacturing and maintenance. As to Beit Hanoun crossing, it is almost completely closed except for emergency humanitarian cases. Lately, a very limited number of individual cases of patients who have obtained medical referrals and financial coverage to Israel were able to travel, and some others referred to Israeli organizations working in the field of health for assistance in coordination.

For the fourth consecutive week, curfew is still imposed on the Gaza Strip to contain the outbreak of coronavirus, especially after coronavirus cases were confirmed outside the quarantine centers in the Gaza Strip. As a result, the suffering of Gaza Strip population has increased, and there are warns of catastrophic deterioration in their living conditions, especially if the state of emergency is maintained for a lengthy period without establishing mechanisms to protect the poor, unemployed and day laborers, and support low-income households who lost their incomes due to the state of emergency and curfew.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 70 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 5 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Friday, 11 September 2020, IOF established a military checkpoint at the entrance to Anata village, north east of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Wednesday, 16 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Palestinians Fear Cost Of Arab States’ Normalization with ‘Israel’: PA Quits Arab League Chairmanship

Palestinians Fear Cost Of Arab States’ Normalization with ‘Israel’

By Staff, The Guardian

Diplomatic breakthroughs between the Zionist entity and Gulf monarchies have revealed fissures in the relationship between Palestine and Arab governments, raising questions over whether they can still be relied on to champion the Palestinian cause.

For years, the Zionist occupation regime has vigorously pursued ties with the Arab world, focusing on powerful Gulf countries with whom it shares a ‘common enemy’ in Iran and who crave its hi-tech security and espionage products.

Last week, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates signed accords with the ‘Israeli’ entity at a White House ceremony to establish an open business and diplomatic relationship.

The public ties smashed apart widespread isolation of the ‘Israeli’ entity in the region – a decades-old policy the Palestinian leadership saw as vital leverage in its struggle for independence.

“We definitely feel betrayed,” said senior Palestinian politician Saeb Erekat, condemning the deals as a “tremendous encouragement for the ‘Israeli’ government to continue their occupation”.

Relatively, US President Donald Trump said several more Arab states would soon announce their intention to sign similar deals, suggesting a more substantive shift.

In the West Bank and Gaza, the Washington-dubbed so-called “Abraham accords” did not come as a surprise, but still hurt.

“Relationships are based on pure interest. Nobody cares about the Palestinian issue,” said Shadi Abu Samra, a 35-year-old social worker from the city of Ramallah. “I am not at all astonished. It was expected one day. There have been relations for a long time between ‘Israel’ and the Gulf states.”

Dalia Karazon, a mathematics teacher from the same city, said she was frustrated that the UAE and Bahrain claimed the accords would help the Palestinians. “They can do whatever they want, but they should not relate that to our interest, because our interest is to end the occupation and not reconcile with it.”

Arafat al-Daf, a 21-year-old student from Gaza, said the move simply added to Palestinian disappointment, “from ourselves, from the Arabs, from the world”.

Palestinian officials warned that regional pressure is more critical now than it has been for years. Threats of further regional isolation, they say, helped dissuade ‘Israel’ from going ahead this summer with its much-publicized plans to annex parts of the occupied West Bank. “The Arabs had a major role,” said one Palestinian official on condition of anonymity.

Under the ‘Israeli’ normalization deal with the UAE, it agreed to “suspend” annexation, but critics of the deal say that clause was only added as lip service to the Palestinian issue. Meanwhile, politicians in the ‘Israeli’-occupied territories argue the annexation plan is still a priority.

PA Quits Arab League Chairmanship Unhonored to See Arab States Rush to Normalize with the Occupation

PA Quits Arab League Chairmanship: Unhonored to See Arab States Rush to Normalize with the Occupation

By Staff

Palestinian Authority Foreign Minister Riyadh al-Maliki announced Palestine’s decision to quit the post of currently leading the Arab League citing its latest conspiracy.

“What we’ve witnessed in the recent meeting reflects the Arab League’s collusion,” al-Maliki stated.

He further hinted that the United States’ attempts to drag other nations to normalize have been hindered.

The minister also pointed that the Palestinian Authority is contacting all countries to stabilize their stances and secede from the US pressure.

“We are not honored to see Arab States rushing to normalize ties with the occupation during our chairmanship of the Arab League,” he announced.

The Palestinian minister further added that the PA is following the promotion of names of countries that will imitate that Bahraini and UAE steps toward normalization.

Related

‘Israeli’ Military, Palestinian Resistance Trade Fire Amid Fallout Over Arab Normalization Deals

‘Israeli’ Military, Palestinian Resistance Trade Fire Amid Fallout Over Arab Normalization Deals

By Staff, Agencies

Palestinian resistance fighters (Islamic Jihad) in the Gaza Strip traded strikes with the Zionist military as the signing of contentious normalization treaties between the Tel Aviv regime and two Arab regimes provoked another flare-up in the blockaded territory.

Palestinian Arabic-language Ma’an news agency, citing local sources, reported that ‘Israeli’ warplanes bombed a training base run by Hamas resistance movement northwest of Beit Lahiya town early on Wednesday.

Eyewitnesses confirmed that huge explosions were heard in the northern Gaza Strip before the site caught fire.

The sources noted that ‘Israeli’ warplanes carried out four air raids against the site, while three others were launched by choppers.

Later, ‘Israeli’ jets targeted another Hamas-run site in an area located between Deir al-Balah city in the central Gaza Strip and Khan Yunis in the southern sector of the Palestinian enclave.

There were no immediate reports of casualties in either attack.

The raids came shortly after Palestinian resistance fighters in the Gaza Strip fired a barrage of rockets into the ‘Israeli’-occupied territories.

The rockets triggered sirens in the settlements of Ashkelon and Ashdod, potentially sending hundreds of thousands of ‘Israeli’ settlers rushing to bomb shelters just as Zionist Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was signing agreements at the White House with Emirati Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan and Bahrain’s Foreign Minister Abdullatif al-Zayani.

Two settlers were reportedly injured and several more treated for shock after a rocket slammed into a street in Ashdod, according to Zionist media.

Palestinians, who seek an independent state, view the US-brokered deals as a betrayal of their cause.

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THE ISRAEL-PALESTINE CONFLICT, ANNEXATION AND NORMALIZATION

Source

The Israel-Palestine Conflict, Annexation And Normalization

As the Israel-Palestine conflict grinds on with no end in sight, Israel and the US have launched an all-out push to resolve the conflict once and for all, on Israel’s terms. If the manoeuvre is successful, Israel will end up with all of the territories it conquered during the 1967 war, including all of the Golan Heights and Jerusalem and most of the Palestinian Territories, including the best sources of water and agricultural land. The West Bank will find itself in the same situation as the Gaza strip, cut off from the outside world and surrounded by hostile Israeli military forces and Israeli settlements.

The Israel-Palestine Conflict, Annexation And Normalization

Palestine in the regional and international geopolitical context

The current economic, political and social situation in Palestine must be considered in the regional context. Two aspects are of most immediate relevance in this sense: the first is the long running confrontation between the US, Israel, the Saudis and the UAE (along with their other allies and associates) and the ‘Axis of Resistance’.

The second geopolitical development that is of fundamental significance for the Palestinian people is the attempt by Israel (with the emphatic support of the Trump administration and most of the US Congress) to resolve the ‘Palestinian question’ by normalizing relations with as many Arab and Muslim countries as possible while at the same time proceeding with the plan to annex large chunks of Palestinian territory and keeping the Palestinian inhabitants in conditions of severe deprivation and isolation.

In each instance there are broad similarities but also some significant differences in the postures of different countries and international organizations to these two key topics. There are also the superimposed bilateral and multilateral confrontations and rivalries, of which the mutual antagonism between Iran and the US, Israel and the Saudis is one of the most important. There is also the rivalry between Turkey, the Saudis and Iran to be considered the ‘leader’ of the Muslim world, and a deepening enmity and confrontation between Turkey and Egypt. All of these elements and opposing forces are also deeply involved in the conflicts in Syria, Iraq, Libya and Yemen.

The ‘Axis of Resistance’ comprises the countries and groups determined to confront the efforts by the US and Israel to impose their hegemony over the course developments take, the core of which consists of Iran, Syria, and Hezbollah. Other Muslim and Arab countries are not willing to directly confront the US and Israel, or are allied to greater or lesser degree with them against Iran and the other members of the resistance (the Saudis in particular).

The topic of the normalization of relations with Israel prior to a conclusive peace agreement with the Palestinians has also polarized the region since the deal concluded between the UAE and Israel. Most Arab and Muslim countries have stated that they will not be normalizing relations with Israel as yet, and that they remain committed to the Arab Peace Initiative, notwithstanding that many already have significant unofficial and semi-covert relations with Israel.

While Russia and to a lesser extent China are cooperating with the members of the Axis of Resistance in Syria to defeat the foreign-backed terrorist groups that continue to occupy and ravage some parts of the country, most now concentrated in Idlib province, they are understandably reluctant to become directly involved in the military confrontation with the US and Israel that is taking place there. While the European Union generally goes along with the US and Israel on many issues, most of its member countries have clearly stated that they do not and will not support Israel’s annexation of occupied Palestinian territories.

A broader consideration of each country’s reactions to these parallel developments – the emergence and consolidation of the ‘Axis of Resistance’ and the normalization of relations with Israel – also provides important insights into the current political trajectory and objectives of the dominant political factions in each country in the region, though the nature and configuration of the opposing social and political forces and the internal dynamics that have produced that trajectory must be considered separately in each instance.

This is just and true and revealing in the case of the internal politics of the predominantly Judaeo-Christian denominated Western countries – United States, Israel and Europe (as well as Australia and New Zealand) – as it is in the predominantly Arab and Muslim countries in the Middle East, Africa and Asia.

In the United States, the Israel-Palestine conflict and associated disputes in the Middle East is one of the most polarizing political issues in terms of international events, and each side can find support among a wide range of social sectors, political organizations and social movements. While most of the Congress and the White House invariably support Israel, the Palestinian cause can count on the support of a small number of members of Congress and numerous civil society organizations and social movements.

Israel Blocks Visit by Ilhan Omar, Rashida Tlaib - WSJ

Two first-term Congresswoman in particular, Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib, have drawn the ire of the corporate press and many of their political opponents (including from their supposed allies in the Democratic Party). In 2019 Israel barred them from entering Israel or the Palestinian territories, a decision that was encouraged and applauded by the Trump administration and by Donald Trump personally.

US Ambassador to Israel David Friedman said the US “supports and respects” Israel’s decision to deny entry to Tlaib and Omar.

“This trip, pure and simple, is nothing more than an effort to fuel the (boycott movement) engine that Congresswomen Tlaib and Omar so vigorously support,” Friedman said in a statement released Thursday evening.

Slamming the boycott movement as “economic warfare designed to delegitimize and ultimately destroy the Jewish State,” Friedman defended Israel’s right to deny entry to those who support a boycott of the country. LINK

The criticism and condemnation of their strong statements in support of the rights of the Palestinian people in ‘the corridors of power’ in Washington and the US corporate media is probably matched only by their popularity on ‘the Arab street’.

The two main contenders for the presidency in November’s elections, Donald Trump and Joe Biden, are both ardent supporters and promoters of Israel, and the Palestinians can only expect vocal opposition to recognition of their rights from that quarter unless a surprise candidate emerges in the meantime.

Many people are trying to persuade ex-Navy SEAL and former governor of Minnesota Jesse Ventura to run for the presidency; if that were to occur, it might be possible that he could garner sufficient popular support to challenge what appears set to be a one horse race between the Republicans and Democrats at this stage.

The Boycott, Divest, Sanction (BDS) movement has been an attempt by civil society groups to contest and counteract the clear favouritism for Israel against Palestine that exists within the upper echelons of the two main political parties, and therefore the White House, the Congress, the Pentagon, and high-level State officials.

The BDS movement is present worldwide, and faces basically similar conditions in all Western countries (in Europe, Australia and New Zealand) – that is, very pro-Israel ruling political parties which determine all government policies on the matter, which do not reflect a much more non-partisan, evenly split (between ‘pro-Israel’ and ‘pro-Palestine’ sentiments) or even pro-Palestinian rights attitude within society more generally. The BDS movement has been strongly condemned by most members of the Congress and the corporate media, as well as by many state legislatures in the US.

The entrenched bipartisan pro-Israel attitude in the US includes commitments to provide at least $3billion of financial and military support annually for consecutive 10-year periods, close military and technological cooperation and support in all fields, and the promise to ensure that Israel maintains a ‘qualitative edge’ over any and all possible opponents in the Middle East, irrespective of Israel’s foreign policies and objectives and what Israel does with the weapons the US provides. Nothing at all is offered to the Palestinians.

The US also provides strong diplomatic support for Israel, taken to new levels during the Trump administration which has moved the US embassy to Jerusalem after recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and endorsed the Israeli occupation of and assertion of sovereignty over the Golan Heights, both decisions in contravention of all international laws and over forty years of almost unanimous UN Security Council and General Assembly resolutions on the matter (usually, the only votes against being the US, Israel and a small number of tiny US-dependent countries). The US has vetoed all resolutions in the Security Council critical of Israel regardless of the circumstances, with one exception towards the end of Obama’s presidency which called on Israel to withdraw from all occupied Palestinian territories and emphasized that all Israeli settlements in Palestinian territories are illegal.

Closer to the location in Europe, civil society groups and some politicians – rarely from the ruling parties – have formed alliances and campaigns to support the rights of the Palestinians, including the Boycott, Sanctions and Divestment movement. The Freedom Flotilla, which has attempted to breach Israel and Egypt’s strict economic and physical blockade of Gaza and deliver food and medicines on several occasions, is one significant example. The flotilla that attempted to breach the blockade in 2010 was intercepted, the crew and passengers accompanying them in an act of solidarity were arrested and imprisoned, and the ships and cargos confiscated.

The Gaza flotilla raid was a military operation conducted by Israeli commandos against six civilian ships of the ‘Gaza Freedom Flotilla’ on 31 May 2010 in international waters in the Mediterranean Sea. Ten activists were killed during the raid and many more wounded. Ten Israeli soldiers were wounded, one seriously.

Numerous other attempts have been made to deliver food and medicine, however none have succeeded in breaching the blockade. Plans to send another Freedom Flotilla to Gaza in May of this year were interrupted by the outbreak of the Coronavirus pandemic, however the organizers still intend to set sail for Gaza when global health and travel restrictions permit. LINK

The situation in Gaza

The Palestinian territories have been rocked by extremely asymmetrical clashes and fighting since the 1980s, in which Israel has not hesitated to deploy the full weight of its vastly superior firepower against the occupants of the Gaza strip in particular. The first round of sustained open conflict broke out in 1987:

Intifada, also spelled intifadah, Arabic intifāḍah (“shaking off”), refers to two popular uprisings of Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip aimed at ending Israel’s occupation of those territories and creating an independent Palestinian state. The first intifada began in December 1987 and ended in September 1993 with the signing of the first Oslo Accords, which provided a framework for peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians.

The second intifada, sometimes called the Al-Aqṣā intifada, began in September 2000. Although no single event signalled its end, most analysts agree that it had run its course by late 2005. The two uprisings resulted in the death of more than 5,000 Palestinians and some 1,400 Israelis. LINK

Israel imposed a strict physical and economic blockade on Gaza in 2007 after HAMAS won the legislative elections in the Gaza strip. The PLO won the elections in the West Bank, and Mahmoud Abbas was declared president. For almost the entire period since then Egypt has also closed its border with Gaza and prevented the movement of all people and goods.

The Palestinian economy had already been devastated during the second Intifada, and the strict blockade and isolation imposed by Israel and Egypt has ensured that there has been no significant economic recovery. With a population of just under 5 million in the Palestinian territories (with well over a million more Palestinians living in impoverished refugee camps in neighbouring countries), average annual GDP per capita has hovered around $2000 per capita in the West Bank and closer to $800-900 per capita in Gaza.

The Israel-Palestine Conflict, Annexation And Normalization

Agriculture accounts for approximately 10% of GDP, light industry 23% and services around 65% of total GDP and broadly similar proportions of employment. Palestine’s main exports are olives, citrus fruit, vegetables, limestone, flowers and textiles. The main imports are food, consumer goods and construction materials. Unemployment has been estimated at around 20-30% of the workforce since the start of the second Intifada, and youth unemployment has usually been significantly above 40%. The Palestine economy and society have been pushed into a condition of stasis and dependency on foreign ‘aid’.

Palestine GDP 1995-2020

Palestine GSP per capita 2010-2018

Unemployment rate in Palestine 1995-2020

Youth unemployment in Palestine

Top 10 Trading Partners (2018)

Palestine exports:

Palestine Exports By CountryValueYear
Israel$967.46M2018
Jordan$73.95M2018
United Arab Emirates$26.41M2018
Saudi Arabia$21.01M2018
United States$14.53M2018
Kuwait$9.12M2018
Turkey$7.76M2018
Qatar$7.26M2018
United Kingdom$6.47M2018
Germany$2.09M2018

Palestine imports:

Palestine Imports By CountryValueYear
Israel$3.62B2018
Turkey$657.81M2018
China$424.92M2018
Germany$209.32M2018
Jordan$188.61M2018
Italy$110.31M2018
France$110.25M2018
Egypt$93.79M2018
Ukraine$88.59M2018
Saudi Arabia$87.65M2018

Source: Trading Economics

The already crippled Palestinian economy received another devastating blow in 2008-2009 when the Israeli leadership launched ‘Operation Cast Lead’, a period of massive air and artillery strikes against the entire Gaza enclave. The Institute for Middle East Understanding summarized the impact of the prolonged military operation on Gaza’s infrastructure, population and economy:

  • According to investigations by independent Israeli and Palestinian human rights organizations, between 1,385 and 1,419 Palestinians were killed during Cast Lead, a majority of them civilians, including at least 308 minors under the age of 18. More than 5000 more were wounded. Thirteen Israelis were also killed, including 3 civilians.
  • According to the UN, 3,540 housing units were completely destroyed, with another 2,870 sustaining severe damage.
  • More than 20,000 people – many of them already refugees, some two or three times over – were made homeless.
  • Attacks on Gaza’s electricity infrastructure caused an estimated $10 million in damage, according to the Israeli advocacy group Gisha.
  • 268 private businesses were destroyed, and another 432 damaged, at an estimated cost of more than $139 million, according to an assessment by the Private Sector Coordination Council, a Palestinian economic group. A separate report found that 324 factories and workshops were damaged during the war.
  • According to the UN Relief Works Agency (UNRWA), which provides services to Palestinian refugees, the offensive damaged almost 20,000 meters (approx. 12 miles) of water pipes, four water reservoirs, 11 wells, and sewage networks and pumping stations. Israeli shelling also damaged 107 UNRWA installations.
  • Eighteen schools, including 8 kindergartens, were destroyed, and at least 262 others damaged. Numerous Palestinian government buildings, including police stations, the headquarters of the Palestinian Legislative Council, and part of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’ compound, were also destroyed.

Ten years later, a report in The Guardian reviewing the context of the military operation surmised:

On 27 December 2008, Israel launched Operation Cast Lead, pounding the densely populated strip from the air, sea and land for 22 days. It was not a war or even “asymmetric warfare” but a one-sided massacre. Israel had 13 dead; the Gazans had 1,417 dead, including 313 children, and more than 5,500 wounded. According to one estimate 83% of the casualties were civilians. Israel claimed to be acting in self-defence, protecting its civilians against Hamas rocket attacks. The evidence, however, points to a deliberate and punitive war of aggression. Israel had a diplomatic alternative, but it chose to ignore it and to resort to brute military force.

For its part, the Jewish Virtual Library states of developments leading up to the military operation:

Hamas seized power from the Palestinian Authority (PA) in what amounted to a coup in June 2007. This allowed them to confiscate armored vehicles and weapons given to the PA by Israel, the United States and other countries. In addition, the group manufactured its own mortars and rockets while smuggling in from Egypt more sophisticated rockets provided by Iran.

Between 2005 and 2007, Palestinian terrorist groups in Gaza fired about 2,000 rockets into Israel, killing four Israeli civilians and injuring 75 others. The bombardment continued in the first half of 2008.

On June 19, 2008, Egypt brokered a six-month pause in hostilities that required Hamas to end rocket and mortar attacks on Israel. Hamas was also expected to halt its military buildup in Gaza and release an Israeli soldier it was holding hostage. In exchange, Israel agreed to ease the blockade of Gaza and to halt military raids into Gaza. As part of the deal Egypt promised to stop the smuggling of arms and weapons from its territory into Gaza.

Throughout the fall, Israel and Hamas accused each other of violating the Egyptian-mediated truce. Rocket fire from Gaza never stopped entirely and weapons smuggling continued. Hamas insisted Israel never allowed the expected amount of goods to flow into Gaza and of conducting raids that killed Hamas fighters.

Despite discussions by both sides aimed at extending the cease-fire, violence continued. On December 24, an Israeli airstrike targeted terrorists who had fired mortars at Israel. Hamas subsequently fired a barrage of rockets and mortars into Israel and warned it would put thousands of Israelis “under fire.”

The next day, Prime Minister Ehud Olmert warned Hamas to stop attacking Israel, but the terrorists responded with another salvo of rockets.

At 11:30 a.m. on December 27, 2008, Israel launched Operation Cast Lead. It began with a wave of airstrikes in which F-16 fighter jets and AH-64 Apache attack helicopters simultaneously struck 100 targets within a span of 220 seconds. Thirty minutes later, a second wave of 64 jets and helicopters struck an additional 60 targets. The air strikes hit Hamas headquarters, government offices and 24 police stations.

Israeli Air and Naval Forces struck Hamas terrorist cell headquarters throughout the Gaza Strip including a Hamas training base and outposts as well as Hamas government complexes. They also attacked rocket launchers and Grad missile stockpiles. Houses of senior Hamas and Jihad terrorists were targeted along with dozens of tunnels that have been used to pass weaponry into Gaza.

Hamas was caught by surprise. The Israeli government had leaked information to the Israeli press suggesting an attack was not imminent. Many Hamas terrorists had come out of hiding; consequently, approximately 140 members of the group were killed the first day, including Tawfik Jaber, head of Hamas’ police force. The Israeli attack was the deadliest one-day death toll in 60 years of conflict between the Israelis and Palestinians, a day that was called the “Massacre of Black Saturday” by Palestinians in Gaza. Hamas responded with a rocket barrage on southern Israel.

The Palestinian economy is still languishing under the Israeli/ Egyptian blockade and the Palestinian territories continue to be rocked by intermittent intensification of the permanent condition of ‘low-intensity’ conflict, the most recent escalation in military attacks against the enclave lasting for about two weeks in August during which hundreds of explosives-laden and incendiary balloons were released toward Israel and Israel conducted nightly bombing raids on the besieged Palestinian enclave.

A ceasefire was announced at the end of the month pursuant to which Hamas promised to attempt to prevent any more fire kites or incendiary balloons from being released and Israel promised to let some essential goods into Gaza including fuel for Gaza’s sole power plant which has often only been operating for a few hours a day due to chronic fuel shortages.

Whether coincidental or not, the announcement of the ceasefire coincided with the first official Israel/ US delegation to the UAE to discuss details of the ‘normalization’ of relations. On the same day, Israel sent military bulldozers into Gazan territory to clear land and build earthen barricades along the border.The Israel-Palestine Conflict, Annexation And Normalization

Normalization for the people of Gaza: less Israeli airstrikes, more Israeli bulldozers?

CAPTION Normalization for the people of Gaza: less Israeli airstrikes, more Israeli bulldozers?

A recent analysis of the fishing sector by Palestine Chronicle provides a Palestinian perspective on the impact the Israeli blockade and military attacks have had on the Palestinian economy and people.

Gaza’s fishermen are true heroes. Against numerous odds, they brave the sea every day to ensure the survival of their families.

In this scenario, the Israeli navy represents modern-day pirates opening fire at these Palestinian men – and, in some cases, women – sinking their boats sometimes and driving them back to the shore. In Gaza, this has been the routine for almost 13 years.

As soon as Israel declared the complete closure of Gaza’s fishing zone it prevented thousands of fishermen from providing for their families, thus destroying yet another sector in Gaza’s decimated economy.

The Israeli military justified its action as a retaliatory measure against Palestinian protesters who have reportedly launched incendiary balloons into Israel in recent days. The Israeli decision, therefore, may seem rational according to the poor standards of mainstream journalism. A slight probe into the subject, however, reveals another dimension to the story.

Palestinian protesters have, in fact, released incendiary balloons into Israel which, reportedly, cause fires in some agricultural areas adjacent to occupied Gaza. However, the act itself has been a desperate cry for attention.

Gaza is almost completely out of fuel. The Strip’s only power generator was officially shut down on August 18. The Karem Abu Salem Crossing, which allows barely limited supplies to reach Gaza through Israel, has also been closed by an Israeli military order.  The sea, Gaza’s last resort, has, recently, turned into a one-sided war between the Israeli navy and Gaza’s shrinking population of fishermen. All of this has inflicted severe damage to a region that has already endured tremendous suffering.

Gaza’s once healthy fishing sector has been almost obliterated as a result of the Israeli siege. In 2000, for example, the Gaza fishing industry had over 10,000 registered fishermen. Gradually, the number has dwindled to 3,700, although many of them are fishermen by name only – as they can no longer access the sea, repair their damaged boats or afford new ones.

Those who remain committed to the profession do so because it is, literally, their last means of survival – if they do not fish, their families do not eat…

When the Oslo Accord was signed between the Israeli government and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993, Palestinians were told that one of the many fruits of peace would be the expansion of Gaza’s fishing zone – up to 20 nautical miles (approximately 37 km), precisely.

Like the rest of Oslo’s broken promises, the fishing agreement was never honoured, either. Instead, up to 2006, the Israeli military allowed Gazans to fish within a zone that never exceeded 12 nautical miles.  In 2007, when Israel imposed its ongoing siege on Gaza, the fishing zone was reduced even further, first to six nautical miles and, eventually, to three.

Following each Israeli war or violent conflagration in Gaza, the fishing zone is shut down completely. It is reopened after each truce, accompanied by more empty promises that the fishing zone will be expanded several nautical miles in order to improve the livelihood of the fishermen.

Israel’s annexation plan and the push for normalization of diplomatic relations

Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu has been pushing for the formal of annexation of all Palestinian territories occupied by illegal Israeli settlements, as well as the Golan Heights captured from Syria in the 1967 war. Illegal Israeli settlements have expanded rapidly over the years, occupying some of the most fertile areas that remained to the Palestinians and cutting off their access to most water sources.

The Israel-Palestine Conflict, Annexation And Normalization
The Israel-Palestine Conflict, Annexation And Normalization

In addition, Netanyahu intends to annex most of the Jordan Valley as well, which would cut off the Palestinians in the West Bank from Jordan completely and leave them as isolated and vulnerable to Israeli punitive attacks as the Gaza strip has been since Egypt sealed off its border. While the Trump administration seems willing to recognize all of the blatant land grabs carried out by Israel over time irrespective of the circumstances and the rights of the Palestinians, the latter being recognized emphatically by a unanimous UN Security Council resolution just before Trump assumed the presidency which also condemned all illegal Israeli settlements in the occupied Palestinian Territories, the Trump administration has hesitated to give an official endorsement of the plan to annex the Jordan Valley.

The Israel-Palestine Conflict, Annexation And Normalization

The agreement between the UAE and Israel to normalize relations takes on immense significance in this context. It is an attempt by the Israeli government to nullify and extinguish the rights of the Palestinians once and for all, and get as much international recognition as possible of the status quo.

US National Security Advisor Robert O’Brien said on Sunday 30 August that more Arab and Muslim countries were likely to follow Abu Dhabi’s move.

“We believe that other Arab and Muslim countries will soon follow the United Arab Emirates’ lead and normalise relations with Israel,” he told reporters after talks at Netanyahu’s residence.

He did not name the states, but Israeli officials have publicly mentioned Oman, Bahrain and Sudan. Recent news reports have suggested Morocco may also be considering a similar agreement with Israel in exchange for military and economic aid, citing a long history of semi-covert relations and joint activities.

However, Moroccan Prime Minister Saad Eddine el-Othmani said last week, “We refuse any normalisation with the Zionist entity because this emboldens it to go further in breaching the rights of the Palestinian people”. LINK

In the aftermath of the announcement of the normalization of relations between Israel and the UAE, the leaders of Iraq, Jordan and Egypt met in Jordan and made a belated attempt to restore the Arab Peace Initiative on the international geopolitical agenda. At a trilateral meeting in mid-August, the leaders of the three countries reiterated their determination to forge a new regional Arab strategic partnership and become a proactive participant in geopolitical developments in the region.

Meeting for the third time in a year, Jordan’s King Abdullah, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi and Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Al Kadhimi agreed to deepen cooperation on a wide range of topics and sectors including regional security, health, education, trade and food security.

The three leaders, whose countries account for about a third of the total Arab population, called for the Arab Peace Initiative for the Palestine-Israel conflict to be reactivated, stating that the only viable resolution would be in accordance with relevant UN resolutions and “in a manner that fulfils all the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people.”

The three countries also emphasized the need to “stop Israeli steps to annex Palestinian lands and any measures to undermine prospects to achieve a just peace or seek to alter the historical and legal status quo in Jerusalem”. LINK

However, given the notorious inability of the Arab countries and political factions to maintain a united front and remain committed to the pursuit of strategic objectives in the long term in recent times, the onus is clearly on the leadership of the respective countries to demonstrate that the meeting was not just a ‘photo op’ and opportunity to posture on the international stage.

Late last month, the Saudis also denied media speculation that they were inclining towards normalizing relations with Israel. Prince Faisal bin Farhan said the Kingdom remains committed to peace with Israel “as a strategic option basis on the Arab Peace Initiative”, in the Saudis’ first official comment since the United Arab Emirates agreed to normalize relations with Israel.

“The Kingdom considers any Israeli unilateral measures to annex Palestinian land as undermining the two-state solution,” the Saudi Minister said in an event in Berlin, in comments reported on Saudi’s foreign affairs ministry Twitter page…

Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Faisal Bin Farhan affirmed his country’s commitment to the Arab Peace Plan in comments following a meeting with his German counterpart Heiko Maas in Berlin.

Prince Faisal added that Israel’s unilateral actions concerning colonies are thwarting chances for peace.

“Saudi Arabia considers Israel’s unilateral policies of annexation and building of settlements as an illegitimate (way forward) and (as) detrimental to the two-state solution,” the Saudi foreign ministry quoted Prince Faisal as saying.

Presidential spokesman Nabil Abu Rudeineh said that “abiding by the Arab Peace Initiative (API) is the real test for Arab states’ positions on Jerusalem and a test for the seriousness of the Arab joint action.”

Azzam el-Ahmad, a member of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’ Fatah central committee, welcomed on Thursday the Saudi position on peace with Israel on the basis of the longstanding Arab Peace Initiative.

“The Saudi position is important because it adheres to Arab consensus, the Arab Peace Initiative, and plays a central role in the region,” Ahmad said.

First adopted by the Arab League in 2002, the Arab Peace Initiative calls for full diplomatic ties between Israel and the entire Arab and Muslim world in exchange for a “full Israeli withdrawal from all the Arab territories occupied since June 1967,” the establishment of a Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital, and a “just” and “agreed upon” solution to the right of return of Palestinian refugees based on UN Resolution 194. LINK

The Arab Peace Initiative: a complete copy of the text is available here.

After the Arab Peace Initiative (API) was first adopted by the 22 member states of the Arab League in 2002, it was subsequently endorsed by the 57 member states of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation.

At a meeting in April 2013 hosted by Secretary of State John Kerry, a delegation representing the Arab League further displayed Arab states’ interest in peace when they scaled back the API’s demands upon Israel by accepting a two-state solution with mutually agreed upon land swaps.

Endorsing land swaps was a meaningful step taken by the Arab League as it is a concept that allows a two-state outcome to remain realistic.

While the API has been unable to gain traction or support among the world’s ‘major’ powers, until the UAE-Israel ‘normalization’ deal most proposals on how to revive the Israeli-Palestinian peace process took the API as a framework or key reference in negotiating a solution.

The significance of the API is that it was the first collective Arab effort that was unanimously agreed to by all Arab states.

Acknowledging the magnitude of such a proposal, former President Shimon Peres summarized it best in late 2008 when he described the API as the reversal of the “3 No’s” at the Arab League’s Khartoum summit in 1967.

API Obligations Towards Israel:

  1. Withdraw from all disputed territories to return Israel’s borders to the June 4, 1967 lines including the Golan Heights and addition of southern Lebanon.
  2. Reach a just solution to the Palestinian refugee problem as prescribed by UN Resolution 194.
  3. Accept the establishment of a Palestinian state composed of the West Bank and Gaza Strip with East Jerusalem as its capital.

API Obligations Towards Arab States:

  1. Deem the Arab-Israeli conflict finalized and commit to peaceful relations with Israel guaranteeing security to all regional states.
  2. Establish normal diplomatic relations with Israel. LINK

Former IDF Intelligence Director Amos Yadlin has reaffirmed the Israeli intention to neutralize the Arab Peace Initiative, asserting in late August that it is no longer relevant now that Israel and the United Arab Emirates are set to normalize ties.

“The Arab Peace Initiative principle of having the veto on normalization between Israel and the Arabs, this is gone,” Yadlin told The Jerusalem Press Club during a virtual meeting on the US-brokered deal.

He spoke of what he claimed was the demise of the Arab Peace Initiative, which for 18 years has been one of the cornerstones of Israeli-Palestinian peacemaking. The initiative was an attempt by the Arab states to reach a two-state solution based on the pre-1967 lines. It is referenced in most international documents.

The announcement of the deal between the UAE and Israel marks the first break from the Arab Peace Initiative since its inception, upending almost entirely the principles of peace making between Israel and the Palestinians. Israel’s 1979 agreement with Egypt and its 1994 accord with Jordan, were signed prior to that 2002 Initiative.

Yadlin, who is currently the Executive Director of Tel Aviv University’s Institute for National Security Studies, speculated that Bahrain could be the next Arab country to make a deal with Israel, because its ‘covert’ relations with Israel were similar to those of the UAE.

He also noted that last summer Bahrain hosted a summit that related to the economic portion of the US President Donald Trump’s plan.

“But they [Bahrain] will look over their shoulder to see what the Saudis are saying,” Yadlin said. He imagined that the Saudis had given the UAE its silent consent to a deal with Israel, but that didn’t mean it would immediately. The “Saudis will not hurry to join [a deal with Israel]… They will be very cautious,” Yadlin said.

The other countries who might join are Sudan and Morocco, Yadlin said. These countries will look to see what price the UAE might have to pay for a deal with Israel, he added. LINK

The United Arab Emirates appears somewhat disconcerted by the regional reactions to its normalization deal with Israel, claiming that it remains committed to the establishment of a Palestinian state and to the terms of the Arab Peace Initiative. The claim was made by a senior official who spoke with The Times of Israel, in rare on-the-record remarks to Israeli media.

Hend al-Otaiba, the director of strategic communications at the UAE’s Foreign Ministry, was commenting hours after the UAE’s agreement to normalize relations with Israel was announced, and shortly after Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said he still intended to extend Israeli sovereignty to parts of the West Bank.

Asked for clarification of the UAE’s position on the Arab Peace Initiative, a spokesperson subsequently replied: “A two-state solution is at the heart of the Arab Peace Initiative. In the absence of a freeze on annexation, a two-state solution will quickly cease to be a possibility.”

Mohammad Issa Abu Shehab, UAE ambassador to the EU, told Emirates TV the step was most important for its success in “freezing all Israeli plans for Palestinian land.”

However, a senior Israeli official said Netanyahu’s annexation plan was only “temporarily suspended” to allow for the signing of the agreement with the Emirates.

Netanyahu himself later insisted during a press conference that annexation remained on the table, though he acknowledged that Trump had asked that the move be put on “temporary hold” for now.

“I said I would extend sovereignty in Judea and Samaria. There is no change in my plan to extend our sovereignty in Judea and Samaria with full coordination with the United States,” he said. “I am committed to that, and it hasn’t changed… I will never compromise on our rights in our land.” LINK

The US representatives accompanying the first Israeli delegation to the UAE made clear that Israeli annexation of Palestinian land is an intrinsic part of the normalization deal. Speaking with the embedded journalists on the flight to the UAE, Trump’s son-in-law Jared Kushner addressed the Trump peace plan and its allowing for Israel to extend its sovereignty to parts of Judea and Samaria.

Annexation was included in the plan because it was clear that “in the context of any agreement, Israel wasn’t going to give up that territory,” and the US “had to make sure Israel’s security was protected.”

He claimed that recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and potentially recognizing Israeli sovereignty in the West Bank would “take those provocative issues off the table.” LINK

The statements confirm that all affirmations claiming otherwise are merely spin, made as part of the campaign to promote the bilateral deal and convince other Arab and Muslim leaders to normalize relations with Israel.

In spite of earlier comments by the UAE and a joint statement by the three countries that indicated the annexation plan would be ‘suspended’, senior UAE official Omar Ghobash has admitted his government did not “have any guarantees as such” that Israel would not annex occupied Palestinian territory in the future.

Palestinian reactions to the normalization deal

In comments about the ‘deal of the century’ being pushed by the Trump administration The Guardian noted that many younger Palestinians are disenchanted with the legacy of Oslo and angry that Mahmoud Abbas, the Palestinian president, still serves in effect as a ‘security subcontractor’ for Israel in the West Bank. Abbas did respond to the plan by threatening to suspend security coordination with Israel, but he has threatened that countless times before. LINK

Palestinian reactions to the Israel-UAE were emphatic.

Palestinian Prime Minister Mohammed Shtayyeh slammed the flight as “very painful” and “a clear and a blatant violation of the Arab position towards the Arab-Israeli conflict”.

“We had hoped to see an Emirati plane landing in a liberated Jerusalem, but we live in a difficult Arab era,” he said.

Hamas spokesperson Hazem Qassen said the UAE-Israel deal went against the position of the Emirati people, and was “in Zionist interests only … fuelling disagreements in the region”.

In the Israeli-occupied West Bank, Hanan Ashrawi, a member of the Palestine Liberation Organization’s executive committee, said Kushner and his team were “scrambling to convince as many Arab and Muslim leaders as possible” to give Trump an election boost.

“They will be a prop at the backdrop of a meaningless spectacle for a ridiculous agreement that will not bring peace to the region,” she said.

Conclusion

As the Israel-Palestine conflict moves into a new phase, some of the battle lines are clearly drawn, others remain obscured by the fast pace of developments after so many years of stalemate and stagnation.

While the Axis of Resistance has grown and strengthened considerably over the last decade, the same could be said of the forces of annexation and normalization, albeit that most of the normalization has occurred in covert and semi-covert meetings and joint activities that cannot be officially acknowledged as yet.

The brutal fact remains that the Palestinians are isolated and living in conditions of extreme deprivation, and none of the latest geopolitical developments gives them cause to think that there will be any change in the foreseeable future.

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Hezbollah vs Israel 2006: Who has upper hand 14 years on?

Hezbollah vs Israel 2006: Who has upper hand 14 years on?

Original links:
Part 1: http://middleeastobserver.net/hezbollah-vs-israel-2006-who-has-upper-hand-14-years-on-pt-1/
Part 2: http://middleeastobserver.net/hezbollah-vs-israel-2006-who-has-upper-hand-14-years-on-pt-2/

Description:

Senior Lebanese political analyst Nasser Qandil explores what has changed between Hezbollah and Israel over the last 14 years since the ‘July War’ or ‘The Second Lebanon War’ in 2006.

After tracing the major changes and transformations in the military balance of power between the two sides over the last 14 years, Qandil then explores the current challenges facing Hezbollah inside Lebanon, particularly regarding the deepening economic and political crises in the country.

Note: we have added our own sub-headings in the below transcript to make for easier reading

Source: Al Mayadeen News

Date:  July 12, 2020

(Important Note: Please help us keep producing independent translations for you by contributing as little as $1/month here: https://www.patreon.com/MiddleEastObserver?fan_landing=true)

Transcript:

Hezbollah 14 years on from the July War

Nasser Qandil:

Actually, regarding (Hezbollah’s) achievement of liberation (in the year 2000) free from any conditions or negotiations, any analyst can figure out that after the year 2000, the region was involved in a race between the Resistance and (Israeli) Army of occupation in which both (sides) tried to reinforce the reality that they wanted to reflect on May 24, 2000 (i.e. just before the liberation).

Israel wanted to say that it has positioned itself on the borders with the purpose of protecting the interior (of Israel); that the era of (the war of) attrition has ended; and that it is moving into a stage where it is able to direct (its) deterrent capacity at will. In contrast, the Resistance wanted to say that Israel has humiliatingly and forcefully withdrawn (from Lebanon); and that this withdrawal is not only the beginning of a countdown of the (Israeli) entity’s capacity to hold onto (occupied) land, but also (its capacity) to go to any (new) war again as well.

Israel’s withdrawal from Gaza in 2005 and the Al Aqsa Uprising (“Al Aqsa Intifada”) certified what the Resistance was saying. (Israel’s) 2006 war on Lebanon was the contest that had to settle the previous contests and the (side) who wins this round, cements what it has said. Israel has worked on a plan, theory, mechanisms and appraisals, that is, it didn’t go haphazardly to war (in 2006). In short, Israel counted on “air warfare” theory and put it into practice the (2006) war. However, the Resistance was aware of that, so it opted to strengthen its power on land, in order to cancel out the theory of air warfare, and to bring the enemy to the land to fight, engage in (battles) of attrition, and (ultimately) defeat it.

The Resistance was the victor. This was the outcome (of the war), because when we talk about ‘victory’ we are not referring to the historic and final defeat. Rather, we are just discussing this war (in 2006) in which the Resistance achieved victory and Israel was defeated again. As in the Lebanon war of the year 2000, or (more accurately) as reflected by the liberation in the (year) 2000, Israel lost its first pillar, that is, its ability to occupy (Lebanon) and remain in it. It also lost its second pillar in the 2006 war, which is its ability to wage war and achieve the goals (that it sets) as it wills.

After the 2006 war, the issue (between both sides) persisted. They entered a totally new and different race. The entity of the (Israeli) occupation is fighting to restore its honor and rehabilitate its image, whereas the Resistance is fighting the battle of becoming a regional power able to make the deterrence weapon (itself as) the policymaker. Since the year 2006, America put its weight behind (Israel’s goals) since Israel is not able to survive any longer without American protection and support. America went to Iraq after realizing that Israel superiority is (gradually) being eroded, and that it is important to rehabilitate its power and control through the American military presence to compensate for the deficiency in Israel’s ability that came about after Lebanon’s liberation in the year 2000 and the Al Aqsa intifada.

Host:

We all remember Condoleezza Rice and the ‘New Middle East Project’.

Nasser Qandil:

Exactly, and this was at the heart of the 2006 war. However, before this (war), America went to Iraq in order to redress the imbalance occurred after Lebanon’s liberation in 2000 and the Al Aqsa intifada, but they failed. The “July War” (2006) came as a second rehabilitation supported by American pressure, calculations and backing. It was a new failure that was added to the accumulated record of failures.

The only available alternative (choice) then was going to a great war, i.e. to topple Syria. This was like Armageddon. Nevertheless, other different battles, the Yemen war and the battle over the future of Iraq, occurred alongside the war (in Syria). They were no less important than the (war in Syria). Today, 14 years after the July War (in 2006), we can talk about facts and not about general trends only. The resistance (movements) transformed from being a resistance force into an Axis of Resistance. This becomes a fact; it is not just words. Today, when his eminence Sayyed (Hassan Nasrallah) speaks and says “I will kill you” – we’ll discuss this later – this (statement) reflects the (powerful reality) of the Axis of Resistance, from Beirut, to Palestine, to Iraq, to Yemen, to Iran and to Syria. This is the first major transformation that occurred between the years 2006 to 2020 during the heat of the several wars that raged over the map of the region.

The second (major transformation during these years): the ‘missile belt’ is now able to strike – from any point (within the Axis of Resistance) – any target in occupied Palestine (i.e. Israel). This means that as the resistance in Palestine is able to target all (areas of Israel) north of Gaza, the resistance in south Lebanon can target the entire (area of Israel) south (of Lebanon); the resistance from Iraq is even able to reach the (Mediterranean) sea; the resistance in Yemen can cover the whole territory of Palestine; and that’s besides (the missiles capabilities of) Syria and Iran.

The Host:

The entire Israeli intelligence efforts have lately been centered on the missile capabilities of the resistance.

Nasser Qandil:

This ‘(missile) belt’ has been completed; it is not a subject of discussion anymore.

The third (major) development is the entrance of the drones (UAVs).  The use of this weapon is not restricted to the Lebanese front line. Israel has evidence that confirms that. How many times were drones sent by the resistance from Lebanon? How many times were the Israelis lost because they failed to track the drones sent from Gaza? (Further evidence lies in) the drones in Yemen, and the achievement of the Aramco attack (in Saudi Arabia) that the godfather of the Dimona (Israeli nuclear program) and Thomas Friedman wrote about it an important article in the New York Times. The article states that what happened in Aramco (can be) repeated on all American military bases in the Middle East, and can be repeated (in a strike) on Dimona. Moreover, one of the Israeli generals quoted by Thomas Friedman during a telephone conversation says that it seems that we must now relinquish the status of being the number one technicians in the Middle East, (and cede that status) to Hezbollah and its allies, and (we ought to) call upon our people to carry hand rifles  in any coming wars in which drones are used.  Henceforth, the third factor is the drones.

The fourth (major) new factor is the precision-guided missiles which formed the center of the struggle during the last two or three years of the Syrian war. The Israeli (air) raids which initially aimed at stopping the supply of weapons to the resistance (from Syria to Lebanon) turned into a specific goal (during these years) which became ‘preventing the resistance from the possibility of transforming their missiles into precision-guided ones’. Today, the Israelis speak about precision-guided missile factories and this signifies that they have surrendered to this fact.

The last issue we are ignorant of was revealed by the video published (recently) by (Hezbollah’s) military media which says “Mission accomplished”. Certainly, it is not referring to the precision-guided missiles because his eminence Sayyed (Hassan Nasrallah) has already announced clearly and publicly that ‘yes, we have enough precision-guided missiles to hit any vital Israeli military installation in occupied Palestine’.  But we still don’t know what is meant by “Mission accomplished”. This will stay one of the resistance’s surprises in the coming wars.

Israel 14 years on from the July War

Nasser Qandil:

What have Israel and America achieved in return? Their situation now is similar to that in the July War (2006); they go to war today on one foot only. It was the air force in (the) July (War) that they relied upon, and it is the financial sanctions (that they rely upon) today. Did the Resistance succeed in breaking this foot?  I say “Yes, and we will expand on this discussion later.

Host:

We will continue discussing why the resistance succeeded…

Nasser Qandil:

In the first section we talked about the progress achieved by the resistance (Hezbollah) from 2006 to 2020. Israel also worked (on building its power) during these 14 years. Let u see what it did.

Host: …and of course (Israel) was given a green light by the US.

Nasser Qandil:

First of all, Israel focused on the home front. Its main aim was not to draw up a plan to seize the initiative, but to face the fallout of the July War. The resistance (Hezbollah) has risen higher and higher in its level of readiness, its networking capabilities (i.e. greater integration of the Resistance Axis across the region), and its ability to wage war. Meanwhile, what did the (Israeli) entity do?

(First), the Iron Dome that (Israel) was preparing (in order to intercept) Katyusha missiles is now threatened by precision-guided missiles and drones. (The Israelis) went back to saying that they will shoot down missiles with hunting rifles!

(Second), the (Israeli) home front has further collapsed, and now in the time of Corona, it is even worse.

Third, political fragmentation, which is one of the repercussions of the July War. Since the July War, the (Israeli) entity has been mired in its inability to reestablish a historical (political) bloc capable of leading the entity politically. This fragmentation reached its peak with three (consecutive) repeats of the election.

The last point that (Israel) has discovered (over the last 14 years) is that there is no solution to is broken spirit, because we are not only talking about equipment, armies, weapons and logistical plans, we are talking about human beings, about their mental condition. The resistance (Hezbollah) is now becoming more and more confident that it can bring down the (Israeli) entity. When his eminence Sayyed (Nasrallah) comes out and says in one of his recent appearances that there is a real possibility that the (Israeli) entity will collapse without war, and that this generation is going to witness the liberation of Jerusalem…On the other hand, we find the (Israeli) entity in a state of frustration. No matter how many (Israeli) generals say “We will win. Victory is ours in the coming war. We are waiting for the right opportunity to wage war”…what are you (Israelis) waiting for? You and the Americans said: “Time is not in our favor. Yesterday’s war is better than a war today, and a war today is better than a war tomorrow.”

Host:

Who is going to achieve Israel’s goals today? Who is the principal agent? The US? Because, as you said in one of your articles, Sayyed Nasrallah’s recent speech on 7/7/2020, presents the most vivid example of the (resistance’s) ability to defeat the Israeli occupation and American hegemony. But how is he (Nasrallah) able today to combine this (military) resistance with economic resistance?

The third pillar of the Resistance: economic reconstruction

Nasser Qandil:

What I want to get to is that in one of his appearances, his eminence Sayyed Nasrallah cut to the chase and said: “The resistance (Hezbollah) has already overtaken Israel. Israel is still standing thanks to US protection.” In 1996, the Resistance discovered – and this was the secret behind the liberation in the year 2000 – that the Israelis remained (in Lebanon) because they were under the illusion that the border buffer zone (that Israel established within Lebanese territory) protects the (Israeli) entity from the missiles of the resistance. So if (Israel) realizes that the border (buffer zone) is pointless and that the entity will be targeted no matter what, it will withdraw. And this is what happened (in the year 2000).

Today, his eminence Sayyed (Nasrallah) tells us that the resistance is certain that the (Israeli) entity continues to survive only because of the American presence (in the region), and that the decisive battle with the entity is a battle to expel the Americans from the region.

Whoever analyses the (American) sanctions and the logic behind them will discover that they are not aimed at escalating the situation such that it provokes a full-scale confrontation. This is nothing but propaganda. In fact, these sanctions have direct political goals. I mean, (Lebanese) parties affiliated to the US (in Lebanon) are proposing (very high demands such as) the disarmament (of Hezbollah) and the implementation of Resolution 1559 because this is the American approach. Just as they (Americans) did in 1983 with (Lebanese) President Amine Gemayel when they told him that they were (about to attack) Syria at the same time in which they were engaged in negotiations with (Syria). Two months later, McFarlane) the special US envoy to the Middle East) was asked: “why did you back out (of the attack)? You would have put (Gemayel) in big trouble.” McFarlane answered: “if we told (Gemayel) that we were (negotiating) with Damascus, he would have beat us to it. We trick our allies to make them think that we are escalating for the sake of imposing stronger terms in the negotiations.”

What do Americans want from the Caesar Act? Why are the Americans putting pressure on Lebanon, blocking access to US dollars in the (Lebanese) market, preventing the transfer of dollars to the country, and closing lines of credit – via the Central Bank of Lebanon’s accounts -for the purchase of fuel? What do they want? The Americans are not hiding (their intentions). They told us what they want. James Jeffrey (US Special Representative for Syria Engagement) told us. Why the Caesar Act? He said in the live appearance he made in which he spoke about the Act. He said ‘we wish to go back to (the balance of power) that existed before 2011. What does he mean by “before 2011”? He means the time when “we (Americans) will acknowledge the victory of President Assad. We were not present (in Syria before 2011), but Hezbollah and Iran were not there either. We leave (Syria), but (Hezbollah and Iran must) leave too.”

So he (Jeffrey) wants to ensure the security of the (Israeli) occupying entity in southern Syria by hinting at sanctions against Russia as the main target of the Caesar Act. Syria will be hit by sanctions anyway and Iran is drowning in a sea of sanctions. Therefore, these sanctions are actually against Russia. The Caesar Act was introduced originally at the beginning of 2016 in order to reach a compromise with Russia in relation to the battle in Aleppo. However, (the Caesar Act) now aims at reaching an agreement with Russia over the terms of the withdrawal of US forces from Syria and is not aimed at (prolonging) their stay.

Second, regarding Lebanon, David Schenker (US Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs) publicly appeared on TV and said that Hezbollah is involved in ‘corruption, smuggling, money laundering, causing devastation, and that it is the cause of the crisis (in Lebanon)’ etc. Give it to me directly (Schenker), what do you want? He (Schenker) told us directly that “you are suffering greatly (due to the economic crisis). You have promising gas reserves in the (Mediterranean) sea, but they are in a region that is the subject of a dispute with Israel. We (the US) presented you with a plan, so accept it! So the US wants an exit strategy that provides the (Israeli) occupying entity with a security belt on the Syrian and the Lebanese fronts, and (the US seeks to achieve this) by exerting “maximum pressure on the resistance”.

———

Nasser Qandil:

This is the third pillar of the power of the Resistance. The first pillar is military capability. The second pillar is the political front, meaning the Axis of Resistance. The third pillar is economic reconstruction. Without a resistance economy, the resistance cannot speak of an ability to maintain a level of cohesion within its support base and environment. What I want to say here is that the measures and steps taken by the resistance are not new. It is not true that the resistance, being under pressure at the moment, is now discovering or searching (for solutions). This was in fact its original program. Its original program was and is ‘Openness to the East’, that (Lebanon) have multiple sources (for economic, financial, and political relations). Its original program is aimed at breaking the borders (created by) Sykes-Picot between the countries of the region to form a single (economic) market. Its original program is aimed at relying on industry, agriculture and the national currency for exchange with neighboring countries and where possible. This is the original plan of the resistance. But this plan is now being put into action. It is not a negotiating weapon to lure Americans into easing conditions. If the Americans want to cooperate they are welcome, but if they don’t we will proceed (with this plan). Either way, this plan is not subject to review. Industry and agriculture are objective needs (of Lebanon).

In terms of industry and agriculture, Lebanon … Lebanon, by the way – in the year 1960, the Iraqi market was running 60% of the Port of Beirut and 30% of Lebanese industrial production. Today, Lebanon, which used to export milk, cheese, juice, clothing and shoes to the Gulf, imports 200 million dollars worth of milk and cheese only! Thus, the revival of the agricultural and manufacturing sectors, which were destroyed by the rentier economy, was and is the original plan. We are not talking about a knee-jerk reaction.

Host:

Has the goal (behind the sanctions) become counter-productive? Because the Lebanese internal consensus over the economic resistance that Sayyed Nasrallah called for was remarkable. I want you to comment briefly because we exceeded the time allocated for this file. The Patriarch (Bechara Boutros) al-Rahi said today: “The Lebanese people today do not want any majority (group in Lebanon) to tamper with the constitution and to keep them away from (Lebanon’s) brothers and friends.” This is noteworthy as well Mr. Nasser, is it not?

Nasser Qandil:

The truth is, the speech of his Beatitude (al- Rahi), at certain points, was vague and unclear. It seemed like he was targeting the resistance by talking about neutrality and keeping Lebanon out of conflicts. However, today there may be another direction. I think the Lebanese people know that when we talk about buying oil products in Lebanese pounds… if you don’t want to buy them from Iran, then buy them from Saudi Arabia. Aren’t you friends with Saudi Arabia and the UAE? Let these countries sell us oil products in Lebanese pounds. Half of the demand for dollars in the Lebanese market is because of oil imports. We are depleting the reserves of the Central Bank of Lebanon. They will last us for five years instead of ten if we keep using them for oil imports.

His eminence Sayyed Nasrallah announced that Iran is ready to help, and since oil imports are consuming half of the budget, the resistance is proposing to remove half of the pressure on the US dollar, meaning (that the exchange rate) would return to 3000 or 4000 (Lebanese pounds per dollar) if we buy these oil products in Lebanese pounds. We are not bound to (importing) from Iran exclusively. Bring any offer from any other country.

Host:

True…for the Americans, the (economic) war was aimed at Hezbollah. However, the entirety of Lebanon is suffering the consequences of this war.

Nasser Qandil:

Here, I want to say something so we can put things in the right perspective. When the uprising began in October (2019), Pompeo and his team went beyond warnings. (Jeffery) Feltman (Former Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs) said before the American Congress: “Do not overestimate the influence of this uprising. Let’s not allow Lebanon to become prey for China and Russia.” He said frankly that China wants Lebanon to be a base for its 5G (technology) in the Middle East.

The Americans are backtracking from this (maximum economic pressure) approach not only because of economic (considerations). Do not be mistaken. This is because a highly powerful security message was delivered to the Americans about what the resistance might do if the situation (in Lebanon) deteriorated further.

—————-

Nasser Qandil:

When someone with the great prominence, status, and figure of Sayyed Nasrallah comes out and says: “I will kill you, I will kill you, I will kill you” … These words were written down (on paper). He did not say them out of anger during his speech. He was establishing a (new) equation. He said: “You are making me choose me between hunger or death. My answer is: I will kill you, I will kill you, I will kill you.” Mediators received questions asking them “what is going on? (what does Nasrallah mean here by ‘I will kill you’)” Then they got the answer. The answer might be – I do not know the answer, only the resistance knows it – but it might be in the form of strong military strike that the US and Israel would never expect. Is it the announcement of the zero hour for the expulsion of US forces from Iraq and Syria? Maybe. Is it a precision guided missile attack on the Dimona (nuclear reactor in Israel), for example? Maybe. Is it a (codeword) for opening up the (military) front in the south of Lebanon, and the Golan Heights front (from Syria) under the title of liberating the Shebaa Farms and the Golan Heights in one go? Maybe. This is the level and size (of the warning that Nasrallah directed).

The resistance will not stand idly by while its people suffer (from the deteriorating economic crisis). It will fight hunger by establishing the foundations of economic reconstruction because this is its project. This (economic reconstruction) has nothing to do with merely fighting (US) sanctions. (The resistance) found an opportunity to launch this project. Other (Lebanese parties) did not accept these proposals (before). Now it is the chance (to put them forward).

Do we want to change Lebanon’s identity by (economically) cooperating with China and giving rise eastern totalitarianism and who knows what, as some (in Lebanon) claimed? No. But does it make sense that the NATO (member) Turkey dares to go to Russia and buy S400 (missile systems), while we (Lebanese) don’t dare to buy Kalashnikov bullets that former Prime Minister Saad Hariri pledged to buy but did not dare to allocate funds for? We have 10 billion dollars’ worth of offers from China to build power plants, factories and tunnels under BOT (Build–operate–transfer) contracts, but we don’t have the courage to accept these offers because we are afraid that the US might be upset with us!

Host: Saudi Arabia itself is now negotiating with China over avenues of cooperation…

Nasser Qandil:

Everyone is turning to China. (Check) the Boston Harbor now, all the equipment for loading, operating, and unloading are Chinese!

Host: This all goes back to the American-Israeli concerns, Mr. Nasser.

Nasser Qandil:

This is the economic vision of the resistance. The (military) dimension (of this whole picture) is something else. The (military) dimension is the following: when they raise the bar of the financial threat, we raise the bar of the military-security threat.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (29 July – 12 August 2020)

Weekly Reports – Palestinian Centre for Human Rights

Israeli Violations of Human Rights

29 July – 12 August 2020

  • Palestinian woman killed and 19 civilians, including 2 paramedics, shot and wounded, in IOF excessive use of force:
    • 9 injuries were documented in IOF suppression of Kufuor Qaddoum, Qalqilya protests;
    • 7 injured, including 2 paramedics, in IOF suppression of a protest in Tarmesi’yah; and
    • 2 other injuries in Nablus and Tulkarm.
  • 23 shootings reported at agricultural land; and twice s at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip;
  • In 176 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 160 civilians arrested, including 9 children and 4 women;
  • IOF harden closure restrictions over the Gaza Strip, as its sole commercial crossing is closed, and the fishing area is reduced to 8 nautical miles;
  • IOF warplanes strike Gaza Strip;
  • 11 houses demolished, including 7 self-demolished, in occupied East Jerusalem; multiple demolition and cease-construction notices served in the West Bank;
  • 4 construction vehicles and 3 water pumps confiscated, and agricultural lands confiscated, and others razed in the West Bank;
  • Settler-attacks in the West Bank: 3 siblings, a woman and 2 children, wounded in Hebron and arsenal attacks on 2 vehicles in Qalqilya;
  • IOF established 57 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 15 Palestinians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. IOF did not restrict its attacks during the days Palestinian Muslims celebrated Eid al-Adha holiday. During the reporting period, IOF killed a Palestinian woman and wounded 19 others across the West Bank. PCHR asserts that IOF used lethal force when they withdrew from the area without the presence of any threat or danger to soldiers’ lives. This falls within the shoot first and justify later policy that IOF have consistently implemented against Palestinian civilians. Furthermore, IOF warplanes launched several airstrikes against the Gaza Strip, while they mainly bombarded agricultural lands that did not render human loss, the airstrikes terrorized and frightened the civilian population in targeted areas.

Ever since announcing its plans to annex West Bank territories, including occupied East Jerusalem, IOF has continued systematic demolitions and land razing, establishing roads for settlements in an accelerated manner. The past two weeks witnessed widescale demolitions of houses and agricultural lands in the West Bank.

This week, PCHR documented 303 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, including closure of certain territories, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information documented in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: On 07 August 2020, IOF killed Dalia Ahmed Suliman Stiti (24) with a live bullet that hit her chest as she was shutting her window in Jenin, northern West Bank. Furthermore, IOF shot and wounded 19 Palestinians: 9 injured in excessive use of force against the weekly peaceful protest in Kufuor Qaddoum in Qalqilya; 7 others in IOF suppression of a protest in Tarmesi’yah, northern Ramallah, including 2 paramedics. Two others were wounded in separate incidents: a Palestinian was shot and wounded as IOF shot him directly before his arrest in Nablus; and another was shot during a shooting near the Annexation Wall in Tulkarm.

In Gaza, IOF opened fire at agricultural lands 23 times and twice at fishing boats in eastern ang western Gaza Strip. IOF warplanes also launched several airstrikes on the Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 176 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 160 Palestinians were arrested, including 9 children and 4 women. IOF also conducted two limited incursions into eastern Khan Younis and northern Gaza Strip.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 33 violations, including:

  • East Jerusalem: agricultural room demolished, as well as 11 houses, including 7 self-demolished;
  • Bethlehem: cease-construction notices served to 2 houses and 100 olive tree seedlings uprooted;
  • Hebron: demolition of a wall and a 100 sqm floor; also, a tin-plated brick home demolished; 3 water pumps confiscated; military watchtower established on Palestinian civilians’ lands; tent and barn demolished;
  • Northern Valley: 2 tractors confiscated; and demolition notices served to several houses and facilities;
  • Jenin: 9 cease-construction and demolition notices served to over 200 years old buildings and caves; and other facilities, new housing buildings and water tanks;
  • Salfit: 15 dunums of agricultural lands owned by Palestinians confiscated; and 18 cease-construction notices served to 7 houses, including 3 under-construction, an agricultural room, a plastic house and land rehabilitation;
  • Ramallah: excavator confiscated in eastern Ramallah; two agricultural facilities demolished;
  • Tubas: excavator confiscated;
  • Jericho: approximately 100 palm tree seedlings razed and uprooted;
  • Kisan village: over 200 dunums of the village’s lands confiscated;
  • Qalqilya: agricultural lands razed as prelude to their confiscation in Kafr Thulth village, eastern Qalqilya.

PCHR also documented 4 settler attacks: 10 sheep dead in Ramallah; 3 siblings, a woman and 2 children, wounded and bruised in settlers’ attack on Tel Rumeida neighbourhood in central Hebron; 2 cars set on fire and a vehicle assaulted and its windshield broken in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

On Monday, 10 August 2020, Israeli authorities  announced the closure of Karm Abu Salem crossing starting from Tuesday, 11 August 2020 and until further notice, except for the transportation of goods for vital humanitarian cases and fuel. According to Israeli Coordinator of Government Activities in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, the decision was taken “in response to the launch of incendiary balloons and breaching security calm.” On Wednesday evening, 12 August 2020, IOF announced reducing the Gaza Strip’s fishing area from 15 to 8 nautical miles.

This decision falls under the framework of the complete, illegal and unhumanitarian closure policy imposed by the Israeli authorities on the Gaza Strip since June 2007, as the  Gaza Strip crossings have witnessed tightened restrictions on the movement of goods and persons.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 09:30 on Wednesday, 29 July 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence , east of al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. The shooting continued sporadically for 15 minutes. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 30 July 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed  along the border fence, northeast of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 31 July 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established on lands of Kafer Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased Palestinian young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, 7 civilians were shot with rubber bullets throughout their bodies.
  • At approximately 00:10 on Sunday, 02 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of al-Qararah village, adjacent to the border fence. The shooting recurred twice at 16:20 and 21:20 on the same day, east of Khuza’ah village. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:20 on Monday 03 August 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed adjacent to Khan Younis shore, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area. Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and ad to sail back to the shore, fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • After 20 minutes, an Israeli military warplane launched 2 missiles at an agricultural land in al-Qrarah village, northeast of Khan Younis. The attack caused a large hole in the land. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 02:20 on the same Monday, IOF stormed al-‘Aqrabaniyah village, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They surrounded Abdul Rahman Husni Husein Jbarah’s (23) house. Jbarah managed to leave the house before IOF, who claim that he is wanted for them,  raided it. IOF chased Jbarah, who was about 400 meters away from the house. They took over a civilian vehicle, and opened fire at him, wounding him while he was at the vehicle’s back chair. IOF  arrested Jbarah, who was wounded and bleeding from his face, taking him to an unknown destination, the vehicle’s windshield was shattered after the shooting, causing wounds to its driver, Abdullah Ammar “Mohammed Basem” al-Sha’ar (20), and his cousin Ezz Eden Amed “Mohammed Basem” al-Sha’ar (17), who was accompanying him, with minor wounds. IOF  arrested Abdullah and Ezz Eden al-Sha’ar and took them to a military camp, adjacent to al-Hamrah checkpoint. Al-Sha’ar civilians were interrogated about their relationships of Jbarah. IOF released al-Sha’ar civilians at 07:00 on the same day morning after ensuring that there is no relationship between them and Jbarah. Jbarah was wounded in his face and is health condition is serious. Jbarah was transferred to New Rehabilitation Hospital Tel HaShomer.
  • At approximately 23:30 on the same Monday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence.
  • At approximately 04:00 on Tuesday, 04 August 2020, a large Israeli military force stormed Aqabet Jaber refugee camp, southwest of Jericho in the center of the West Bank. A number of Palestinian young men gathered in the vicinity of the camp and threw stones at Israeli soldiers while the later responded with a barrage of rubber bullets, sound bombs, and tear gas canisters. As a result, 2 civilias were shot with rubber bullets in their lower extremities. They were transferred to Jericho Hospital in the city for medical treatment. In the meantime, Israeli soldiers raided and searched several houses and arrested Ali Mohammed Raslan (26) and Ayman Hekmat al-Ewadat (57). In the evening hours, IOF released al-Ewadat.
  • At approximately 16:15 on the same Tuesday IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:40 on Wednesday, 05 August 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at a group of Palestinian farmers. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:45 on the same Wednesday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. The shooting recurred in the same area at 21:00 on the same day evening. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 06 August 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Gaza Valley (Juhor al-Deek), south of Gaza City, opened fire at agricultural lands. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 19:30 on the same Thursday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village. No casualties were reported.
  • In the early dawn hours on Friday, 07 August 2020, a Palestinian woman was killed by Israeli occupation forces (IOF) after being shot with a live bullet in her chest while closing the window in her house in Jenin, northern West Bank. The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) points out that IOF used lethal force when they withdrew from the area without the presence of any threat or danger to soldiers’ lives. This falls within the shoot first and justify later policy that IOF have consistently implemented against Palestinian civilians.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 02:30 on Friday, IOF moved into al-Jabriyat neighborhood, southwest of Jenin, northern West Bank. They surrounded Khaled Suliman Abu Hasan’s house near al-Riyad School. IOF interrogated Abu Hasan inside his house until 04:00.  Five minutes later, while Israeli military vehicles were preparing to withdraw, IOF fired a sound bomb and several live bullets at Bassam Samodi’s 3-storey house. As a result, Samodi’s wife, Dalia Ahmed Suliman Stiti (24), was injured and shot with a live bullet in her chest, penetrating her liver, pancreas, and aorta.  Stiti’s family said to PCHR’s fieldworker that their daughter Dalia, a mother of two (9-month, 2 years), woke up after hearing IOF’s incursion into the village. She headed towards the living room’s window to close it after IOF fired a sound bomb. In the meantime, IOF stationed on the street, 50 meters away from Stiti’s house, opened fire at her on her 3rd floor apartment, wounding her in the chest. Stiti walked several steps and then fell to the living room floor in a pool of her blood. The Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS)’s crew, who were in the area to rescue the injuries, immediately arrived at the house and took Stiti to Dr. Khalil Suliman Hospital. Stiti was admitted to Intensive Care Unit (ICU), due to her critical health condition and she was pronounced dead at 14:30.

Ayman Mohammed Abu Qabilah (31), the ambulance diver who transferred Stiti, said that he heard a sound of a bomb explosion followed by 4 live bullets from the area where IOF stationed, 50 meters away from where he was present in front of Smoudi family’s house. After that Qabilah felt that the ambulance was targeted. In the meantime, he heard the residents screaming they had an injury in the house, so he rushed to the house along with other paramedics to find out that the injured civilian was Dalia Stiti and her injury was serious. The ambulance was also targeted with 2 live bullets; one of them penetrated from the left side to the paramedic’s chair; while the other bullet penetrated the driver’s chair.

  • At approximately 07:50 on Friday, 07 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of al-Qararah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on the same Friday, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established on lands of Kafer Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in his thigh.
  • At approximately 13:30 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00 on the same Friday, IOF suppressed a peaceful in Tarmesi’yah village, northeast of Ramallah in the center of the West Bank. The protest took off from the center of the village into its main entrance in protest against the Israeli settlement expansion in the area. IOF used excessive force injuring 7 civilians, including 2 paramedics:
  1. Hamzah Mohammed Ma’ali (27), paramedic at Al-Asmar Emergency Medical Service, was hit with a tear gas canister in his face.
  2. Mohammed Malash (29), paramedic at the Palestinian Medical Relief Society, was shot with a rubber bullet in his foot and a tear gas canister in his face. Other civilians sustained rubber bullets in their lower extremities.
  • At approximately 08:40 on Saturday, 08 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of al-Fukhari, adjacent to the border fence. The shooting recurred at 17:30 in eastern Abasan village, east of Khan Younis. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00 on the same Saturday, 08 August 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafer Qaddoum village, north of Qalqiliyah, suppressed a peaceful protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 44-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in his back and a 22-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in his thigh.
  • At approximately 19:05, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and sporadically opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (at 3 nautical miles) and pumped water at them. Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:25 on Sunday, 09 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, adjacent to Buret Abu Samrah, north of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands adjacent to the border fence. As a result, Palestinian farmers panicked and had to leave their lands fearing for their lives. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 08:00 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:20 on the same Sunday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:50 on the same Sunday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands for 15 minutes. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on Monday, 10 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on Tuesday, 11 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah and al-Fukhari villages, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:30 on the same Tuesday, IOF stationed at the annexation wall gates established on lands of Faroun village, south of Tulkarm, fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians, who attempted to pass through the gate. As a result, a 24-year-old civilian, from Qifin village, north of Tulkarm, was shot with a rubber bullet in his right hand.
  • At approximately 18:15 on Wednesday, 12 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at the border area, adjacent to the border fence. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  1. Incursions and arrests:

Wednesday, 29 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and arrested two civilians: Saleh Ayed al-Rajabi (33) and Nabeeh Nabil al-Sharbati (28).
  • At approximately 01:50, IOF moved into ‘Aseera al-Shamaleya village, north of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Hamza Abdullah Mohammed Yasine (26).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Talouza, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested three civilians; Fares Rasheed Hashayka (24), Mohammed Emad Hanajera (23), and Nabeel Kamel Dababseh (45).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Dheisheh refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Murad Khaled al-Hayek (28) and Ahmed Salah al-Sar’awi (26) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into ‘Anata village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Khaleel Ahmed Hilwa and Mohammed Hasan Hilwa, and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Kherbet Makhoul village in the northern valleys, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abdul Raheem Bsharat (55), and his son Sakher (25).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Tulkarm refugee camp, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Ahmed Hasan Matrouk’s (48) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Nour Shams refugee camp, in Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mahmoud Ahmed al-Izza’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Wadi al-Joz neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hanadi Mohammed al-Halawani’s (41) house and arrested her. After a few hours, IOF released her on condition of paying (1,000 NIS), and banning her entry to the occupied East Jerusalem for 3 weeks. It should be noted that al-Halawani is a former prisoner and she is a teacher who was banned from entering the Aqsa Mosque several times.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Saf street, in the Central Bethlehem. They raided and searched Salah Awwad Jawarish’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:10, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians; Basem Ghassan al-‘Ataba (33), Alaa Mohammed al-Shubairy (36), Mo’ath Ahmed Mousa (29), Alaa (Mohammed Eyad) Fatayer (22), and Abbas Sulaiman (Mohammed kamal) Fatayer (37).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Askar refugee camp, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Asem Anan Fawzi Bushkar (17), and his brother Isalm (21).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Jabal Hendaza area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Hasan Nawawera (30), and Salah Yousef al-‘Abayat (26), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 06:35, IOF reinforced with several military bulldozers, moved 100-meters to the east of ‘Abasan village, east of Khan Younis. They leveled and combed lands along the border fence before they redeployed.
  • At approximately 06:50, IOF stationed at Beit Fouriq military checkpoint, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested Foad Fawwaz Fawzi Hanani (25), from the village. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 09:10, IOF stationed at ‘Awarta military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested Khaled Jamal Abu al-So’oud (17). IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • In the morning hours, IOF stationed at Salem military court’s gate, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank, arrested Muhanna Khaled al-Sharqaqi (44), from al-Zababeda village, northeast of Jenin. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 14:20, IOF moved into Kherbat al-Hadedeya in the northern valleys, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ashraf Husain Busharat (40).
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Abu Mish’al neighborhood, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched three houses and arrested three civilians before they released them after three hours. The arrestees are: Mohammed Abdul Hafiz Zahran (23), Husain Hasan Zahran (26), and Samhan Abdul Salam Zahran (24).
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Rujeib village, southeast of Nablus; Dura and al-Thahereya, in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Thursday, 30 July 2020:

  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Rujeib village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Dawoud Akram Rawajba (44).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Isalem Majdi Qadah (17).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into ‘Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mus’ab Mohammed Kawamla’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Waleed Jamal ‘Aseeda (23) and Mahmoud Musatafa ‘Aseeda (29).
  • At approximately 03:05, IOF moved into Salim village, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mus’ab ‘Akef Shtayyeh (25) and Obaida Kamal Jabbour (28).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Khaled Ali Swailem (22) and Abdul Haq Mazen Khadraj (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Salfit. They raided and searched Abdul Rahim Tayseer Shaheen’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF arrested two of the Aqsa Mosque’s guards, Mohannad al-Ansari (38) and Mohammad Zughaiar (32), while on duty at the mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took them to al-Qishla police station in the city and released them after several hours on condition of banning their entry to the mosque for a week.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Jet village, northeast of Qalqilya, and arrested Mus’ab Mousa Mir’ai (22), from Qarawat Bani Hasan, west of Salfit.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Silat ad-Dhahr and Zububa villages in Jenin governorate, Hebron and Yatta in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 31 July 2020:

  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in al-Thaheriya, al-Samoua’, and Deir Sammit villages in Hebron governorate, and Az-Zawiya village, west of Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 01 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Omar Maher Obaid’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Rummana, Zububa and Ya’bad villages in Jenin governorate, Sa’eer, Mowreq, and Sourif in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 02 August 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Omar Yaser Shwaiky’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:50, IOF moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested three children; Islam Kamel Abu Shamala (17), Ahmed Yousef Abu Bakr (17), and Nabeel Na’el Abu Baker (17).
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Sameer Najeeb (26) while present in al-Wad neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods, and took him to al-Qishla police station. IOF released him after several hours on condition that banning his entry to the Aqsa Mosque for 6 months.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF moved into al-Fureidis village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Hazem Hashem Abu Muhaimed’s house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Zububa village, west of Jenin; Sa’eer, Nouba, al-Hadab, and al-‘Aroub refugee camp in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 03 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Bassam Alian (22) and Faisal Loay Obaid (19) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Batn al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Adam Qara’een’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Aseera al-Shamaleya, north of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians and released them after several hours. The arrestees are: Abdul Aziz Amer Rawajeba (22), Fares Bassam al-Shouly (30), Ja’far Omar Rawajeba (26), and Oqba Fayez al-Shouly (28).
  • At approximately 11:50, IOF stationed at bypass road, northeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank, arrested Mo’tasem Husni Abu Hanana (34), from Arana village. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Hussam Hasan Abu Husain, from Hebron, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed at Shu’fat refugee camp checkpoint, arrested Ahmed Abu Salah and Mohammed Abu Zaki, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into al-Wad neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Zakareya al-Bakri’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Sa’eer, Nouba, al-Hadab, and al-‘Aroub refugee camp in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 04 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Kathem Monther Obaid’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Rasheed Ali Awad’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Nafisa Mohammed Khwais (68), while present in the Aqsa Mosque’s yard in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took her to “Bab al-Asbat” police station.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Ourif village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Yousef Omar Shehada (35) and Mohannad Faleh Shehada (26).
  • At approximately 02:40, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched Fadi Omar Abu Snaina’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:45, IOF moved into al-Zababeda village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ameer Issam al-Sharkawi (21).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Jinan neighborhood, in the Central al-Beira, north of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Faraj Ali al-Qadi’s house and arrested her daughter Tasnim (28). IOF also handed him a summons to let his son, Mustafa (20), refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in Ofer detention.
  • At approximately 15:50, IOF stationed at “Mevo Dotan” military checkpoint, west of ‘Arraba, southwest of Jenin, arrested Montaser Ahmed Samadi (24), from Qabatiya, southeast of the city. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-Izareya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Alaa Ayman al-Sharbati’s (29) store and arrested him. It should be noted that Alaa is Ayman al-Sharbati’s son who is sentenced to life.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF arrested Mustafa Faraj al-Qadi (20), while referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services in Ofer detention, in Bitounya, west of Ramallah.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Deir Samit and Sourif in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 05 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Ahmed Mohammed Abu Amro (20), Salim Ali Mouh (23) and Bilal Ra’ed Sidr (22).
  • At approximately 01:45, IOF moved into Kafr Qalil, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians: Mohannad Ali Qanni (28), Khaled Na’eem Qanni (34), Ali Yehya Qanni (25), and Sharif Bassam Mansour (30).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Daheya neighborhood, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Aziz Omar Dwaikat (36).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Hasan Ahmed Hijja’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and arrested three civilians: Jehad Isma’el al-Najjar (24), Mohammed Faisal al-Najjar (25), and Mo’ath Yousef al-Najjar (23).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Abu Fraiha neighborhood in Beit Sahour. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Tareq Mousa al-‘Abayat (35) and Mohammed Ibarhim al-‘Abayat (40) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Deir al-Hatab, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Oday Ra’ouf Hussain (28).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Sinjil village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hisham Adel Fuqaha (27) and Yasin Ibrahim Fuqaha (23) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Yazan Ahmed Ba’jawi (23), a student at al-Najah National University in Nablus.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Izza refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Abdul Fattah Shu’aib Abu Shu’aira’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30. IOF moved into Tubas, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Hakim Khaleel Fuqaha (28), from his house near al-Furqan Mosque, north of the city. It should be noted that Hakim is a person with disable.
  • At approximately 04:50, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Jalazon refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Tahreer Mahmoud Zeid (24) and Reyad Ramadan Alian (29).
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF summonsed the teacher Hanadi Mohammed al-Halawani (41), who is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons, via a phone call to immediately refer to al-Qishla investigation center in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. As soon as she arrived, she was handed a decision that banning her travel abroad for 4 more months.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF stationed at al-Mahkama military checkpoint, near “Beit Eil” settlement, north of al-Beira, arrested Bashar Mohammed Safi (22), from Ramallah. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested the student Mohammed Ali al-Takrouri (22), Chairman of the Student Union at al-Quds Open University, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF stationed at Beit Fourik military checkpoint, on the northeastern entrance of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested three civilians from Balata refugee camp, east of the city, and took them to unknown destinations. The arrestees are: Adham Eyad Mustafa (22), Ameed Zeyad Mustafa (19), and Mohammed Ramadan Mustafa (20).
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Kafr Qaddoum, northeast of Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Thursday, 06 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Mohammed Izz al-Dein Teilekh (16) and Yousef Osama al-‘Anati (17).
  • At approximately 01:40, IOF moved into Izbat al-Ashkar village, south of Qalqilya. They raided and searched Anwar Fares Nimir’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Samoua’ village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Saleh Isma’el al-Badareen’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Sa’eer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Qutaiba Idris Jaradat’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Ein Arik village, west of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Wasfi Nafiz Zeita’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Masakn al-Sha’beya neighborhood, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Najeh Samara’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Ahmed Taleb Haj Mohammed’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beit Loqya village, west of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Mo’tasem Ali Dar Assi’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Beit Sira village, west of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Owda Mohammed al-Haj’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:40, IOF moved into Beit Ur al-Tahta village, west of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Saad Asaad Dar Mousa’s (34) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Rayan Emran Alqam (22) and Mohammed Ismael ‘Anati (17), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into butchery shop in Dowar al-Daheya neighborhood in Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the shop and arrested the son of the shop owner, al-Miqdad Eisa Qirsh. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

Friday, 07 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:40, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched Omar Saleh Nayef Abu al-Rab’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Naser Mahfouz’s (10) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Hindaza area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohmmed Ateya Soboh’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Kamal Issa Dababesa’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Faqou’a village, northeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Ameer Monther Massad’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Dheesha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Hamza Bilal al-Dibis’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Wadi Qana village, to the west of Deir Estia village, north of Salfit. They raided the village and arrested Yousef Ahmed Ridwan (27), from Azoun village, east of Qalqilya, while he was on a hiking trip.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Ethna, Sourif, Nouba, and Karma villages. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 08 August 2020:

  • IOF carried out an incursion in al-Jarousheya village, north of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 09 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Kherbet Um al-Kheir, to the east of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Eid Yamen al-Hathalin’s (74) house and took him to Karmi’el settlement and released him after two hours.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hizma village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Laith Malek Subaih’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Faqou’a village, northeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested three civilian who were arrested before. The arrestees are: Sayaf Khaleel Massad (34), Melad Fo’ad Massad (48), and Mohammed Jamal Arram (35).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beitillu village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Naser Mohammed Abu Zeyada’s (47) house, the chairman of the village council, and arrested him. IOF released him after several hours.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Samoua’ village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Yousef Mohammed Mahaiq’s house and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:50, IOF moved into al-Janeya village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ashraf Mohammed Mazloum’s (43) house and arrested him. After three hours, IOF released him.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in al-Thahereya and Tarqoumya. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 10 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians including a child. The arrestees are: Alaa Ahmed Dirbas (18), Fares Yaser Darwish (19), Tayseer Yousef Muhaisen (16), and Mohammed Nidal Abu Akar (20).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Ein al-Sultan refugee camp, northwest of Jericho governorate. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ya’qoub Abu Lawi (26) and Ehab al-Kalouni (28) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Daheyat al-Salam in Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Omar al-‘Anati’s (23) house and arrested him.

Tuesday, 11 August 2020:

  • At approximately 00:15, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Deir Sharaf village, west of Nablus, arrested Ali Abu Sitta (26), from Bal’a village, north of Tulkarm. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Yatta village, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Faisal Mohammed al-Najjar’s (45) house and arrested him along with his wife, Maha al-Najjar (38) and his two sons; Mohammed (20), and Mousa (19).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Qalqilya village. They raided and searched Ammar Yousef Dwaikat’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Halhoul, Hebron, and Nouba in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 12 August 2020:

  • At approximately 00:15, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, south of Nablus, arrested Firas Abdul Khaleq (33), from Deir al-Ghossoun village, north of Tulkarm. IOF took him to an unknown destination before they released him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Qafin village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Emad Ibrahim To’ma’s (48) house and arrested him. It should be noted that To’ma is the General Director of the Ministry of Prisoners and Executives Affairs in Tulkarm, and he is a former prisoner who spent 12-years in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Duha village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ahmed Abdul Hadi Shamroukh’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Qafin village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Mustafa Yousef To’ma’s (40) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Nour Shams refugee camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Fathi Qar’awi’s house, the deputy in the dissolved Legislative Council. IOF directly threatened him and his sons of arrest if they contacted with external authorities. No arrests were reported.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Deir al-Ghossoun village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Abdul Rahman Zeidan’s house, the deputy in the dissolved Legislative Council. IOF directly threatened him of arrest if he contacted with external authorities. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 08:45, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles to the north of Bouret Abu Samra area, north of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, and moved 100-meters to the south of the border fence. They leveled and combed lands that were previously leveled amidst Israeli sporadic shooting, which caused fear and panic among farmers. At approximately 10:30, IOF withdrew; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Ali al-Kaswani’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF detained dozens of civilians after passing through a gate in the annexation wall established at Daheyat Shwaika village, in Tulkarm. IOF closed the gate and prevented civilians from entering it and released them later.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF arrested Ahmed Tawfiq Fuqaha (31), from ‘Anabta village, north of Tulkarm, while heading to the Israeli Intelligence Services’ headquarter.
  • Around the same time, IOF arrested two female farmers behind the annexation wall established on al-Zaweya village, west of Salfit, and banned them from returning to their houses by closing the gate. The arrestees are: Hamda Shuqair (79) and Jazila Shuqair (77). IOF released them later.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbeya village, north of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians. The arrestees are: Azmi Sufian Shraiteh (24), Mousa Hasan Ladadwa (22), Mohammed Akram Ladadwa (26), and his brother Saif (19).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Silwad, northeast of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Jalal Ra’ed Abdul Mo’ez (26) and Abdul Aziz Ahmed Soboh (23) and arrested them.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tulkarm, Dura, and Imreish villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • At approximately 10:00 on Wednesday, 29 July 2020, IOF accompanied with military vehicles moved into Fraseen village, southwest of Jenin, where they distributed 9 cease-construction and demolition notices to old houses, caves and facilities built 200 years ago, in addition to new residential houses and water tanks. IOF ordered to implement the notices within few days. The distributed notices were as follows:
  • Khaled Mohammed ‘Amarnah’s 50 -square-meter room built of bricks and roofed with tin plates, 15- square-meter store and wood columns, in addition to handing him cease-construction notices to a chicken coop and sheep barrack.
  • ‘Emad Mahmoud ‘Amarnah’s 60-square-meter residential room built of bricks.
  • Mahmoud Ahmed ‘Amarnah’s 80- square-meter residential room built of bricks.
  • Wajdi Mohammed ‘Amarnah’s 60-square-meter residential room built of bricks.
  • Mohammed Jameel Hersha’s water tank that feeds the village.
  • Basel Fayiz ‘Amarnah’s 30-square-meter residential room, chicken coop, wood columns, 80-sqaure-meter sheep barrack, and 60-square-meter residential room.
  • Ahmed Mahmoud ‘Amarnah’s 150-square-meter cave.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Wednesday, 29 July 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Istiboul area in Yatta city, south of Hebron. IOF were deployed in the area while military construction vehicles demolished ‘Adnan ‘Imran Abu Isninah’s walls surrounded his 10 dunums, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. It should be noted that Israeli authorities handed Isninah a 96-hour demolition notice No. (1779), so there is not enough time to challenge before competent Israeli authorities.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stationed on settlement road (90), which is adjacent to al-Zabidat village, north of Jericho, confiscated 2 diggers and prevented their owners from plowing their agricultural land. The confiscated diggers belong to Mohammed ‘Ali Mohammed Zobidat and Ahmed Mohammed Farhan Zobidat.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Beit ‘Awaa village, southwest of Hebron. IOF were deployed in the area while the military construction vehicles demolished foundations of a 100-square-meter house belonging to Mo’ath Hafiz Salem al-Sowati (22), under the pretext of non-licensing. It should be noted that Israeli authorities handed al-Sowati a 96-hour demolition notice No. (1779). Al- Sowati’s house is located 200 square meters away from the annexation wall.
  • At approximately 20:00 on Wednesday, 29 July 2020, IOF moved into Rafat village, west of Salfit, where they distributed a military order to confiscate 15 dunums from Hariqat al-Hamyanah area, under the pretext of being in Area C. These dunums belong to Basem Sebti ‘Ayyash, Nasheet Sebti ‘Ayyash, ‘Abed al-Latif Sati ‘Ayyash, and ‘Amirah Sati ‘Ayyash. Nasheet Sebti ‘Ayyash said that: “ I have been working in this agricultural land (30 dunums) for 20 years and it belongs to me and my brothers. I planted it with olive trees years ago. The land is far from the annexation wall and it was the first time that Israeli authorities notified us, claiming that this land is a state-owned land. The Israeli allegations are not true, as I never had to stop planting or rehabilitating my land. The Israeli notice gave us 45 days to challenge before the competent Israeli authorities.”
  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 30 July 2020, IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Sahal area, which is adjacent to al-Moghair village. IOF confiscated Mohammed Naji al-Na’san’s digger while conducting excavation works in the area, under the pretext of illegal work in Area C.
  • At approximately 10:30 on Saturday, 01 August 2020, IOF moved into Kherbet ‘Atouf, southeast of Tubas, where they confiscated Za’ir Mostafa Bsharat’s digger while he was excavating a water line for the villagers.
  • At approximately 09:20 on Sunday, 02 August 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Kafur al-Deek village in western Salfit, where they distributed 9 cease-construction notices to 7 houses; 3 of them are under-construction, an agricultural room, and a greenhouse, under the pretext of being in Area C. The notified houses and properties belong to Islam ‘Abed al-Ghani, Ibrahim Naji, Hadi Naji, Ibrahim Taha, Tamer Taha, Naji Taha, Mahmoud Naji, Husam al-Deek, and Feras al-Deek. It should be noted that Israeli authorities gave them mentioned civilians until 11 August 2020 to challenge against the notices.
  • At approximately 09:40, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Khirbet ar-Ras al Ahmar in northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas, where they distributed demolition notices to houses, barracks and farms belonging to Mohammed ‘Issa Jahaleen, Jameel Suliman Bani ‘Odah and Saier Saqer Bani ‘Odah.
  • On Monday, 03 August 2020, Israeli authorities seized at least 200 dunums from Kisan village lands, east of Bethlehem. They also notified Hussain ‘Abdullah ‘Abiyat to demolish his barrack. Ahmed Ghazal, Head of the village council, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF moved into al-Tina area, south of the village, and denied civilians’ access to their lands, under the pretext of confiscating the lands for military purposes. Also, IOF notified ‘Abiyat to demolish his livestock barrack and gave him 24 hours to leave, or he will be arrested and prosecuted.
  • On the same day, Eyad Abu Subeih implemented the Israeli Municipality order and self-demolished his house located in ‘Ein al-Jowizah neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Abu Subeih said that the Israeli Court issued a final demolition decision against his 110-square-meter house built 3 years ago and sheltered 10 persons. Abu Subeih clarified that last month, IOF raided and attacked his house several times, but the lawyer managed to delay the demolition decision.
  • At approximately 13:20 on 04 August 2020, IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Dir Balout village, west of Salfit, where they distributed 9 notices to uproot olive trees belonging to 8 families, under the pretext of being in Area C. In addition, IOF distributed another notice to stop reclaiming a plot of land in Ta’mor area. The notified lands belong to the heirs of: ‘Issa Hasan ‘Issa, ‘Abdullah Musa and Dar Damara.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Wednesday, 05 August 2020, Israeli bulldozers demolished 3 residential houses in ‘Ain al-Louza neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Khaled Abu Tayieh, Chairman of Silwan Land Defense Committee, said that Israeli municipality staff along with special Israeli forces and police officers moved into in ‘Ain al-Louza neighborhood, where they closed all entrances and stationed on streets. IOF then surrounded 3 houses belonging to al-Qaq and ‘Amro families and demolished them. Abu Tayieh clarified that Israeli bulldozers demolished Samer and Suliman al-Qaq’s 250-square-meter houses sheltering 10 persons; most of them are children. He added that regarding Shareef ‘Amro’s 50-square-meter house, which was built in 2000, Israeli authorities issued a demolition decision against ‘Amro’s house in 2010, but the demolition was delayed with paying a fine of NIS 5000. Ten days earlier, ‘Amro was informed about the final demolition decision.
  • In the morning, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Kherbet ‘Allan in al-Shofa area, north of al-Jeftlik village, north of Jericho. IOF were deployed in al-Kherba while the military construction vehicles uprooted at least Anwar Abu Joda’s 100 palm seedlings planted 2-4 years ago.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into al-‘Issaweya village, adjacent to al-Za’eem village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. IOF demolished 2 agricultural rooms built of bricks and tin plates and other sheds placed in agricultural lands. The agricultural rooms and sheds belong to ‘Obaid and Abu Jum’a families. Mohammed Abu al-Humus, Member of al-‘Issawiyia Follow-up Committee, said that IOF along with Beit Eill Municipality’s staff moved into agricultural lands reclaimed by Murad Anwar ‘Obaid and Mohammed ‘Ataa ‘Obaid, demolished sheds and a fence surrounding the lands, and leveled the lands. Abu al-Humus added that Israeli bulldozers also demolished 2 agricultural room belonging to ‘Obaid and Abu Jum’a families and confiscated agricultural tools. Abu al-Humus pointed out that these agricultural lands are threatened to be confiscated in favor of the settlement project “E1”.
  • On the same day, IOF accompanied with military construction vehicles moved into Rantees village, northwest of Ramallah, where they demolished agricultural facilities, under the pretext of non-licensing. The demolished facilities were as follows:
  1. Mostafa Jamal Hosha’s 60-square-meter agricultural facility built of bricks and wood, roofed with tin plates and used for planting vegetables and fruits.
  2. Mo’ath ‘Ayed al-Khatib’s 80-square-meter agricultural facility built of bricks and wood, roofed with tin plates and used for planting vegetables and fruits.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 06 August 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Wad Jehish area, west of Sosiya village, south of Yatta in southern Hebron. IOF were deployed in the area while the military construction vehicles demolished Hisham Khalil Nawaj’ah’s 40-square-meter house built of bricks and tin plates, under the pretext of non-licensing. It should be noted that in June 2020, Israeli authorities handed Nawaj’aj a demolition notice, but he could not delay the demolition due to the closure of Israeli institution under the pretext of the outbreak of coronavirus.
  • On Friday, 07 August 2020, IOF distributed 2 cease-construction notices to inhabited houses in al-Minyia village, southeast of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Head of al-Minyia village council, Zayed Kawazbah, said that the notified 150-square-meter houses sheltering 14 persons belong to ‘Asaf and ‘Issa ‘Adel al-Faroukh.
  • On Friday, Nihad Subeih Shoqirat implemented the Israeli municipality decision and self-demolished his 2-storey house in al-Sal’a neighborhood in al-Mukaber Mount area, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Shoqirat said that he started to build his house in 2012 and he lived in it last year. During this period, he attempted to license the house, but the municipality refused and issued a demolition notice against it. Shoqirat clarified that during the past years, he managed to delay and freeze the demolition several times, but in July 2019 the municipality refused to delay the demolition. In April 2020, the Israeli municipality held another hearing, stressed the demolition against Shoqirat’s house and imposed a fine of NIS 145,000 on him. Shoqirat added that on 07 July 2020, he headed to the Israeli District Court to appeal the demolition decision, but in vain. The Israeli Municipality gave him a month to implement the demolition or it will do so and impose heavy fines on him. Shoqirat pointed out that he sold all his possessions and savings to build his house, which costs more than one million US dollars. He added that his 160-square-meter house sheltered 11 persons.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Monday, 10 August 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Kafur Thulth village, east of Qalqilya. They leveled agricultural lands and placed water pipes as a prelude to seize the area.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 10 August 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Thaghrah area, east of Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron. IOF confiscated Moneer Hasan Barghith’s 3 water pumps used for irrigating crops and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Etizon” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into al-Tawana village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. IOF, who were deployed in the village, established a military watchtower in a plot of land near “Hafat Ma’oun” settlement, which is established on Palestinians’ confiscated lands. Israeli authorities claimed that there was a military decision to establish the watchtower for military purposes.
  • On Monday, 10 August 2020, Khaled Abu Ta’ah implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house in al-Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, north of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Abu Ta’ah said that he built a new house a year and a half ago near his family’s house built since 1960. He added that the construction of his house took about two months, during which the Israeli municipality issued a demolition decision against it. He was able to postpone and freeze the decision, but the court issued the final decision last month and the municipality gave him a month to implement the demolition or it will do so. Abu Ta’ah clarified that he attempted to license the house several times, but in vain. He added that he and his family comprised of 8 members live in the old house, and he was forced to build the new 85-square-meter house for his son to live in it after he gets married. Abu Ta’ah said that he and his sons vacated the house and self-demolished it to avoid paying the demolition costs for the municipality staff.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Tuesday, 11 August 2020, Israeli bulldozers demolished a 2-storey residential facility sheltering 25 persons, in addition to a nearby residential apartment (120 sqm) belonging to al-Tahan family in Wadi Qaddoum neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Khaled Abu Taieh, Member of the Silwan Lands Defense Committee, said that the Israeli bulldozers and municipality staff raided al-Tahan family facility after completely surrounding it and then demolished it. Abu Taieh added that the 2-storey facility (400 sqm) belong to Wael, Nader and ‘Alaa al-Tahan. Wael al-Tahan said that he and his brothers built the facility in 1992 and after few months, the Israeli municipality issued a decision to seize lands from Ras al-‘Amoud and Wadi Qaddoum neighborhoods, under the pretext of being public utilities. Wael clarified that after several years, the Israeli municipality issued a demolition notice against their facility, under the pretext of non-licensing. In addition, the municipality notified his brothers that the land will be used for public utilities. Wael said that during the past years, he managed to delay the demolition several times and attempted  to license the house, but in vain. Also, the municipality imposed a fine of NIS 280,000 on his family, who attempted to license the house before building it, but the municipality refused. It should be noted that Israeli authorities escalated the demolition of houses in occupied East Jerusalem in 2020, as they demolished over 90 facilities, including buildings, residential houses, agricultural and commercial facilities, walls, and barracks. It is noteworthy that the number of facilities demolished this year until August is more than the facilities that were demolished throughout the past year, noting that the demolitions stopped during the emergency period that was taken to limit the spread of the Coronavirus. Last July, more than 20 houses were demolished in occupied East Jerusalem, half of them self-demolished. During the first 10 days of August, ten houses were demolished; 7 were self-demolished.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Sosiyia village, south of Yatta in southern Hebron. IOF were deployed between Palestinains’ house while Israeli Civil Administration officers demolished and confiscated Ahmed Jaber Hammad Nawaj’ah’s 30-square-meter tent built of steel columns and sheds. IOF also confiscated Mahmoud Khaled Nawaj’ah (32)’s concrete mixer and 10 steel columns, in addition to handing him a cease-construction notice to his under-construction room, under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • On the same time, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Fakheet area in southern Hebron. Israeli Civil Administration officers dismantled Jameel Mohammed al-‘Amour’s tent built of sheds and steel columns and confiscated it, under the pretext of non-licensing. The tent sheltered 8 members, including 4 children.
  • At approximately 10:30, IOF moved into Kafur al-Deek village, west of Salfit. They detained a concert pump and 2 trucks belonging to al-Marsah company while working in Hadi Nabil Naji’s plot of land. It should be noted that Naji’s land is threatened to be confiscated, as it is located in al-Sha’ab area. IOF forced the company’s owner, Fadi Mahmoud Sarsour, to sign a pledge not to transfer the concrete and work in Area C.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Maghayir al-‘Abeed area in southern Hebron. IOF demolished Shehadah Mohammed Makhamrah’s 100-sqaure-meter tent built of sheds and steel columns and used for breeding sheep, under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • On the same day, IOF uprooted 100 olive seedlings and leveled agricultural lands in Khelet al-Nahlah area, south of Bethlehem. Hasan  Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that IOF leveled ‘Amer Abu Zaghreet’s agricultural land (1.5 dunum) and demolished a retaining wall, under the pretext of being an antiquities area. It should be noted that Khelet al-Nahlah area is exposed to a settlement attack, as 1,200 dunums were seized in order to establish a settlement outpost called “Givat Eitam.”
  • On the same day, ‘Aziz ‘Eliyan implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house in al-Mukaber Mount area, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Eliyan said that 10 years ago, he added a 100-square-meter building to his old house in order to shelter his family comprised of 9 members. ‘Eliyan clarified that the Israeli Municipality issued a demolition notice against the new building and he managed to delay the demolition for several years. Two weeks ago, IOF raided his house and informed him about the final demolition decision. IOF gave him until the mid of August to implement the demolition or the municipality staff will do so.
  • At approximately 22:00, Ibrahim Abu Subi’ah implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house near Beit Safafa village, south of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Abu Subi’ah said that he built his house in 2001 on his land near Beit Safafa village. Abu Subi’ah clarified that his 3-storey house (600 sqm) costs millions of shekels. He added that when he finished the construction of his house, the municipality fined him of NIS 150,000. Abu Subi’ah paid $ 60,000 to the lawyer who managed to delay and freeze the demolition decision for several times. Abu Subi’ah pointed out that he was shocked when IOF raided his house and handed him the administrative demolition notice. Abu Subi’ah immediately phoned his lawyer, Sami Rasheed, who attempted to delay the demolition, but in vain. Abu Subi’ah was forced to self-demolished his house to avoid paying the demolition costs for the municipality staff.
  • On Wednesday, 12 August 2020, Abu Jum’a family implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house in Khelet al-‘Ein area in al-Tour neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Ibrahim Abu Jum’a said that he and his brother Mohammed were forced to self-demolished their house after the lawyer informed them that there was no legal way to stop the demolition of their house, and that the Israeli municipality would force them to pay the demolition costs estimated at NIS 70,000. Abu Jum’a clarified that they started to build their 180-square-meter house (2 floors) in April 2020 and the house was still under-construction. Abu Jum’a pointed out that he was handed the first demolition notice in 20 April 2020 and the second notice on 03 May 2020. He headed to the court which refused the appeal against the demolition and decided to implement the demolition within 14 days. Abu Jum’a added that his lawyer extended the demolition decision for 3 months and paid NIS 25,000. The lawyer phoned Abu Jum’a and informed him that he no longer could delay the demolition, so Ibrahim and his brother were forced to self-demolished their house.
  • Israeli Settler Violence
  • On Saturday, 01 August 2020, 10 sheep died  after they were poisoned while grazing them in a pastoral area, close to a settlement outpost established on Kherbet Jeb’eet lands in al-Moghair village, northeast of Ramallah. The sheep’s owner accused the settlers of intentionally poisoning  his sheep. According to information obtained by PCHR’s fieldworker that Fadel Ibrahim Hamed headed to a pastoral area in Kherbet Jeb’eet lands, adjacent to a settlement outpost, to graze his sheep. In afternoon, Hamed took his 20 sheep and returned to the barn. After that, he was shocked when he saw his sheep died together within  few minutes. He immediately brought a veterinarian to treat them , and it turned out the sheep were poisoned. As a result, 10 sheep died while the rest sustained pain.
  • At approximately 13:00, 3 siblings, a woman and 2 children, sustained bruises after Israeli settlers attacked them in Tal al-Ramida neighborhood in the central of Hebron. According to PCHR’s investigations, a group of Israeli settlers chased and attacked Marwa ‘Emad Abu Shmaisah (17) while she was present in front of her family house and carrying her niece, Tarteel Taninah (6 months). Marwa’s brother ‘Awni (21) attempted to confront the settlers, meanwhile, IOF arrived at the area and attacked the family as well. As a result, Marwa’s sister Madleen (27) sustained bruises in her right foot, her brother Saleh (15) sustained wounds in his hand. In addition, IOF arrested ‘Awni and took him to an investigation center in “Kiryat Arba’” settlement. Half an hour later, IOF took Marwa and her mother Fayiza Abu Shamisah to a police station to file a complaint. In the evening, all of them were released.

Marwa Abu Shmaisah said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:  ” At approximately 13:00 on Saturday, my niece Tarteel and I were heading to the grocery store near our house. When we were on our way back to the home, Israeli settlers chased me, spitted on me, cursed me, and grabbed my hair. I ran away towards the house and shouted. My brother ‘Awni (21) saw me, caught me quickly and pushed the settlers to keep them away from me. In the meantime, IOF arrived and gathered in front of our house. My family got out of the house and the settlers cursed them. One of the settlers threw empty bottle at us, wounding my sister Madleen (27) in her right foot. After that, an Israeli police patrol arrived at the house, raided it, arrested my brother ‘Awni, and took him with them. Half an hour later, the Israeli police arrived at our house again and asked me to accompany them to the investigation center in “Kiryat Arba” settlement in order to take my statement of what happened and my mother escorted me there. After interrogating us, we were released at 19:30, and my brother ‘Awni was also released. ”

  • At approximately 02:30 on Tuesday, 04 August 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Hafat Jel’ad” settlement outpost, which is established on Fer’ata village lands, northeast of Qalqilya, moved into the outskirts of the village. The settlers set 2 vehicles on fire; the first was a taxi belonging to Marwan Ahmed Taweel, while the second was a private car for Sharhabeel al-Taweel. The settlers also vandalized the vehicles with racist slogans.
  • At approximately 22:30 on Tuesday, 11 August 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Yatizhar” settlement, southeast of Nablus, threw stones at a vehicle passing on the street. As a result, the vehicle’s windshield was broken. It should be noted that the vehicle’s driver Hisham ‘Adoun (54) along with his wife ‘Abla Mostafa al-Tamouni and their son Fathi (27) were coming from Tulkarm and heading towards ‘Orta village, southeast of Nablus.
  • Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

Gaza Strip:

On Monday, 10 August 2020, Israeli authorities  announced the closure of the Gaza Strip’s sole commercial crossing “Karm Abu Salem”. According to PCHR’s follow-up, on Monday, 10 August 2020, Israeli authorities  announced the closure of Karm Abu Salem crossing starting from Tuesday, 11 August 2020, except for the transportation of goods for vital humanitarian cases and fuel. According to Israeli Coordinator of Government Activities in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, the decision was taken “in response to the launch of incendiary balloons and breaching security calm.”

This decision falls under the framework of the complete, illegal and unhumanitarian closure policy imposed by the Israeli authorities on the Gaza Strip since June 2007, as the  Gaza Strip crossings have witnessed tightened restrictions on the movement of goods and persons.

Regarding commercial crossings, Israeli authorities continue to impose strict restrictions on the entry of goods classified as “dual use materials.” The Israeli authorities officially list 62 items as “dual use items” which contain hundreds of goods and basic materials. The items on the “dual-use goods” list are essential to the life of the population, so imposing restrictions on them contribute to the deterioration of infrastructure and the deterioration of economic, health and education conditions. Israeli authorities also continue to ban the export of Gaza Strip products, excluding limited quantities that do not surpass 5% of Gaza’s monthly exports before the closure in June 2007.

As to the crossing dedicated for movement of individuals, the extreme measures enforced by the Israeli authorities on the freedom of movement from and to the Gaza Strip via Beit Hanoun crossing are still in effect. Since early March 2020, restrictions imposed by the Israeli authorities and the Palestinian Authority continued for the purpose of combating the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19). These measures decreased and limited the number of persons and categories allowed to travel, as all categories were banned travel, except for limited humanitarian cases, and only patients are allowed to travel for treatment abroad.

On Wednesday, 12 August 2020, Israeli authorities announced  reducing the allowed fishing area off the Gaza sea to 8 nautical miles.

The Israeli Broadcasting Corporation stated that Israeli Defense Minister Benny Gantz ordered to immediately reduce the allowed fishing area from 15 to 8 nautical miles until further notice in response to the launch of incendiary balloons from the Gaza Strip.

Zakaria Baker, Head of the Fishermen Committees  in Gaza, said that Israeli gunboats chased Palestinian fishing boats off the Gaza sea and ordered them to sail within the allowed fishing area. Baker added that Israeli naval forces fired a barrage of live bullets and pumped water at the fishermen who were forced to flee.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 57 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 15 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Ramallah and al-Bireh:

  • On Tuesday, 04 August 2020, IOF established a checkpoint on a main street leading to al-Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah.

Jericho:

  • On Tuesday, 04 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Jericho and on al-Mo’arajat road (between Jericho and Ramallah).
  • On Monday, 10 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Jericho.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 29 July 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Ethna and Sa’ir villages and at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 31 July 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Shayyoukh village, on Beit ‘Aynoun road and at the southern entrance to Hebron.
  • On Sunday, 02 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Hebron and at the entrance to Ethna village.
  • On Monday, 03 August 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp, and at the entrances to Beit Ummer and Dir Samet villages.
  • On Wednesday, 05 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhoul city and at the southern entrance to Hebron.
  • On Thursday, 06 August 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Sa’ir, Beit Ummer and Raboud villages, and at the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 07 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Hebron and at the southern entrance to Halhoul city.
  • On Saturday, 08 August 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp, at the entrance to Sima village, at the northern entrance to Yatta, and at the western entrance to Hebron.
  • On Sunday, 09 August 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Sa’ir, Wad al-Shajinah and Ethna villages.
  • On Monday, 10 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Sureef and Beit ‘Aynoun villages.
  • On Tuesday, 11 August 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Ethna and Kerza villages and at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Wednesday, 12 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp and at the southern entrance to Halhoul village.

Nablus:

  • On Saturday, 01 August 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at ‘Ainabous village square, southeast of the city.
  • On Sunday, 02 August 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints between Jaloud and Qasrah villages, at the entrance to Qaryout village and at al-Maslakh square, east of the city.
  • On Monday, 03 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at “Shafi Shamroun” intersection and at al-Moraba’ah intersection, south of the city.

Jenin:

  • On Thursday, 30 July 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ya’boud village, southwest of the city.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 30 July 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Merda village, north of Salfit.
  • On Saturday, 08 August 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Merda village, north of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 30 July 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to ‘Azoun and ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb villages, east of the city.
  • On Sunday, 02 August 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to Qalqilya and at the entrances to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb, ‘Azoun and al-Nabi Iyyas villages.
  • On Sunday, 06 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Qalqilya and at the entrances to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village.
  • On Tuesday, 11 August 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Qalqilya and at the entrances to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb and Hebla villages.

Tulkarm:

  • At approximately 08:15 on Tuesday, 11 August 2020, IOF closed a hole in the annexation wall established on Far’oun village lands, south of Tulkarn. IOF also detained a bus carrying Palestinians while heading to Israel. IOF fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the Palestinians, and prevented them from entering and exiting the hole, the entrance for workers employed in Israel.
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