فلسطين المحتلة أكبر من الضفة وغزة.. فهل تذكرون؟

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سبتمبر 24, 2019

د. وفيق إبراهيم

اشتراك فلسطينيي 1948 الموجودين على اراضيهم داخل فلسطين المحتلة في الانتخابات الاسرائيلية الاخيرة، لا يستحق التهليل والثناء لا من اهلهم في غزة والضفة الغربية، ولا من العرب المجاورين.

أولاً: يبتعد هذا الكلام عن مجرد توجيه نقد لصامدين بذلوا كامل طاقاتهم لتحرير بلدهم المحتل وسط مراوغات عربية تذهب حالياً الى حدود التحالف العلني مع الكيان المحتل.

لا شك في أن هذا الجانب يُرعب الداخل الفلسطيني ويؤسس لانهيارات، لكن المدقق بأوضاع المنطقة بدءاً من غزة المتمردة العاصية على الاحتلال ببنادق اهلها وصلابتهم، وسورية التي دمرت مخططاً اميركياً لتحويل كامل المنطقة فلسطين محتلة جديدة، وحزب الله الممتشق بندقية منتصرة هزمت «إسرائيل» في حربي 2000 و2006 ونصيرها الارهاب الدولي في الست سنوات الاخيرة، وايران التي تتجه الى تغيير معادلات القوة والاستتباع بصمود أسطوري في كامل الشرق الاوسط، واليمن المندفع كالسهم يُدمي قلب أعدائه، والعراق الذي جعل احتلال الاميركيين له مجرد إرهاق مالي على الاقتصاد الاميركي من دون تحقيق انجازات سياسية، هذه حقائق لا تنتمي الى فنون الخطابة التي تخترع انتصارات وهمية يتخصص بها السياسيون العرب.

لذلك كان من المفترض ان تنعكس هذه الإنجازات المستمرة على مستوى المزيد من تمتين الوضع الفلسطيني وهي تؤدي تدريجياً اليه، انما في غزة فقط مع بدايات غضب فلسطيني في الضفة الغربية، لكنه لم يبلغ أشده حتى الآن، ربما بسبب البراجماتية الزائدة لرئيس السلطة محمود عباس الذي يبالغ في انتسابه الى فئة محترفي فنون الخطابة الجوفاء.

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ما يجب الإقرار به هو استحالة تشكل انتفاضة لفلسطينيي الـ 1948 من دون اندلاع انتفاضات مسبقة في الضفة.

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وبما أن هذا لم يحدث، فلم يكن متوقعاً أن تنشب في أي مكان آخر باستثناء غزة المتحررة سياسياً من وصايات الخليج المتحالف مع «إسرائيل» وسلطة الضفة التي تجهد نفسها في زوايا الاقتراحات السياسية المتداولة للبحث حتى عن «مخترة» او بلدية صغيرة تواصل من منابرها اطلاق شعارات فارغة.

المفاجئ اذاً، ان مرحلة الصمود العربية الغزاوية الراهنة لم تدرك عرب فلسطين 1948 فتورطت قواها السياسية منذ ايام عدة فقط في الانتخابات النيابية الاسرائيلية باندماج مثير للاستغراب وغير مبرر، وبنت برنامجها السياسي على قاعدة منع رئيس وزراء الكيان نتنياهو من العودة الى الحكم باعتبار ان حزبه الليكود هو من الأحزاب الاسرائيلية اليمينية المتطرفة واعلنت تأييدها للحزب الاسرائيلي «ابيض ازرق» على ان يكون رئيسه الجنرال السابق في الجيش الاسرائيلي بني غانتس رئيساً للحكومة المقبلة.

لمناقشة هذه الانعطافة، يندفعُ الجانب الوطني الى صدارتها، فالمشاركة في انتخابات أقرتها البنى الدستورية للكيان المحتل، هي اعتراف كامل به وليست تدبراً للعناية بفلسطينيي الـ 48 من طريق اللعب على التناقضات السياسية بين القوى الاسرائيلية وانتزاع اهتمام حياتي افضل للفلسطينيين وقد تندرج مسألة إبعاد الأكثر تطرفاً من بين القوى الاسرائيلية ضمن لائحة الأهداف.

لكن مجرد الانخراط في آليات انتاج السلطات في كيان الاحتلال هو إقرار بوجوده واستمراريته وقيادته بما يقصي اي نقاش آخر.

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هذا بالاضافة الى ان تشكيل قائمة عربية نجحت في الفوز بـ 14 مقعداً في «الكنيست» الاسرائيلي مجلس النواب هو انخراط كامل في اللعبة السياسية للعدو وإقحام المدنيين الفلسطينيين في الصراعات بين قواه الداخلية اليهودية.

لجهة التذرعِ بيمينية نتنياهو مقابل وسطية منافسه بني غانتس، فهذا امرٌ مرفوض لأن حزب العمال الإسرائيلي المعروف بوسطيته هو الذي هاجم سورية ومصر ولبنان ملتهماً قسماً كبيراً من فلسطين، وبالتالي فإن الفوارق السياسية بين قوى الكيان الغاصب هي لمصلحة المدنيين الاسرائيليين حصراً ولا علاقة لها بموقفهم من موضوع فلسطين المحتلة، او من اقتطاع أجزاء من دول عربية اخرى، وبمعنى اوضح فإن هناك إجماعاً اسرائيلياً على يهودية فلسطين المحتلة من البحر الى النهر وربما من النيل الى الفرات، لكنهم يتحيّنون التوازنات الدولية والتراجعات العربية لتحقيق مطامعهم بالتدريج وليس بالخطابات والعنتريات المسطحة.

قد يتصدّى النواب العرب في القائمة المشتركة الذين نجحوا في الانتخابات الاسرائيلية بالقول إن السلطة الفلسطينية تعمل على دويلة تشمل الضفة وغزة فقط مقابل الاعتراف بالكيان المحتل على أساس حل الدولتين، مضيفين بأن منظمة حماس نفسها وافقت على دويلة في الضفة وغزة إنما من دون ان تقبل بالاعتراف بالكيان ويعتبرون أن الدول العربية تعمل على تطبيق «حل الدولتين» منذ مبادرة الملك السعودي عبد الله في 2002.

وهذا يؤدي تلقائياً الى اعتبار فلسطين الـ 1948 جزءاً من الكيان الاسرائيلي، فلماذا لا يشاركون اذاً في مؤسساته السياسية لتحسين اوضاع أهاليهم؟

 

اسرائيل تعرف قبل غيرها، أن حل الدولتين يؤدي في مراحل لاحقة الى تدهورها وتراجعها وصولاً الى انحلالها وتفككها، لأنه يمنع إلغاء القضية الفلسطينية، فمجرد وجود دولة فلسطينية مع 20 في المئة من الفلسطينيين داخل الكيان المحتل هو أكثر من كافٍ لتفجير «إسرائيل» في تعاون فلسطيني سوري مع حزب الله وإيران والعراق واليمن، لذلك تعمل «إسرائيل» مع الأميركيين على إلغاء القضية الفلسطينية نهائياً مع التركيز على تشكيل المحور الأميركي الخليجي الإسرائيلي.

هذا ما يجعل من الانخراط السياسي لفلسطيني

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ي الـ 1948 في «إسرائيل» عملاً مغامراتياً غير محسوب بدقة. وكان الابتعاد عنه أفضل، لكنه لا يرتقي الى مرتبة العمالة او الخيانة، بقدر ما يعكس احباطاً من السياسات الخليجية والمصرية والأردنية المتحالفة مع «إسرائيل».

بأي حال، فإن الامل معقود على تشكل انتفاضات فلسطينية في الضفة والداخل الاسرائيلي الى جانب الصمود البطولي لفترة، وبذلك يتأكد الجميع ان فلسطين لا تقتصر على غزة والضفة، بل تشمل كامل فلسطين المحتلة من البحر الى النهر، على الشاكلة التي كانت عليها في الزمن القديم لبلاد الشام العصيّة على كل الغزاة والمستعمرين، وما عليكم إلا السؤال عن الفرنجة الذين احتلوا المنطقة مئتي عام وولوا مدبرين بالقوة والعزيمة.

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Is Israeli Aggression on Gaza Coming?

By Stephen Lendman

Source

Will Netanyahu order Israel’s fourth preemptive war on Gaza pre-or-post September 17 Knesset elections — for the fourth time since December 2008?

His political future at stake, are his war-mongering threats empty campaign rhetoric to win votes or is war imminent?

Along with vowing to (illegally) annex the Jordan Valley (30% of the West Bank) if reelected next week, he threatened war on Gaza Thursday, saying:

“There will be an operation, but I will not embark on it a moment before we are ready…(T)here apparently will be no choice but to topple Hamas,” turning truth on its head, adding:

“There is a terrorist element that wants to destroy us (sic).” The most dangerous regional real one is headquartered in Tel Aviv.

Israel has been perpetually at war on Gaza since 2007 without formally declaring it, terror-bombing the Strip at its discretion, along with cross-border incursions, and using live fire and other hostile actions against peaceful demonstrators.

On the 73rd Great March of Return Friday since March 30 2018, Israeli forces used live fire and other excessive force against nonviolent Gazans, protesting for their legitimate rights denied by a ruthless occupier.

Two children threatening no one were killed, scores more injured, including a journalist and two paramedics, according to the Palestinian Center for Human Rights.

Throughout Israeli history, the world community never held its political and military officials accountable for their Nuremberg-level high crimes. 

Nor have world leaders denounced Netanyahu’s threat to attack Gaza aggressively. Is it coming?

Late Thursday, he said it “could happen at any moment” — after returning from Sochi, Russia, holding talks with Vladimir Putin and Defense Minister Shogui, the visit a pre-election campaign stunt.

Was threatening war on Gaza the same thing to gain an edge over his main rival? Polls show his Likud party and Gantz/Lapid’s Blue and White party are in a dead heat days before Tuesday elections.

Final pre-election polls released Friday showed a potential Likud-led coalition could win 59 seats, 61 needed for a Knesset majority, why Netanyahu is using every dirty trick in the book for an 11th hour edge.

Haaretz editors slammed his “weakness” and “cowardice.” They accused him of “nourishing” clashes with Gazan protesters.

They called for “ending the blockade, building industrial infrastructure that will create jobs and allowing freedom of movement for both goods and people,” adding:

“Electing him to another term of office will merely ensure more of the same weakness that has already given rise to pointless rounds of fighting.” 

He hopes that reelection as prime minister may help him avoid indictment on bribery, fraud, and breach of trust charges, following an October hearing, damning evidence against him.

He reportedly said if able to form a new ruling coalition post-election, he’ll seek Knesset immunity from indictment and prosecution, along with legislation to prevent Israel’s Supreme Court from removing it.

His political future and personal freedom are at stake. Is judgment day coming at last — after avoiding accountability for years?

Weekly report on israel’s terrorism on Palestinians (05 – 11 September 2019)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine (05 – 11 September 2019)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (05 – 11 September 2019)

Israeli violations of human rights in the occupied Palestinian territory

 

05 September – 11 September 2019

 

  • Great March of Return in Eastern Gaza Strip: 2 children killed and 80 civilians injured, including 39 children, 2 paramedics and a journalist.

 

  • West Bank: 5 civilians injured, including a child.

 

  • During 99 incursions into the West Bank: 47 civilians arrested, including 5 children and a woman.

 

  • 2 shooting incidents reported against Palestinian fishing boats off Gaza shores, and 6 others reported at the agricultural lands, east of the Gaza Strip.

 

  • 7 violations committed by Israeli forces and settlers as part of the settlement activity in the West Bank.

                                                

  • 45 temporary checkpoints erupted in the West Bank, where 9 Palestinian civilians were arrested.

 

 

 

Summary

 

 

During the reporting period, PCHR documented 162 violations of the international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli forces and settlers in the occupied Palestinian territory.

 

As part of the Israeli violations of the right to life and bodily integrity, Israeli forces killed 2 children at the Great March of Return in the Gaza Strip and injured 80 other civilians: 39 children, a woman, a journalist, and 2 paramedics, including a female paramedic, at the Great March of Return in the Gaza Strip.  Meanwhile, 5 were injured, including a child, in the West Bank, making a total of 85 injuries among Palestinian civilians by Israeli forces.

 

As part of the Israeli incursions and house raids, Israel carried out 99 incursions into the West Bank and raided civilian houses, attacking and enticing fear among residents in addition to shooting in many incidents. As a result, 47 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children.  In the Gaza Strip, the Israeli forces carried out one limited incursion into the eastern Gaza Strip and arrested 3 Palestinians who tried to infiltrate via the border fence in the eastern and central Gaza Strip.

 

Under the settlement expansion activities in the West Bank. PCHR documented 7 violations, including forcing a civilian to self-demolish his house in Silwan village in Jerusalem, destroying the foundations of 2 residential buildings in al-‘Iziriyah in Jerusalem, demolishing 3 rooms, 3 tinplate dwellings and residential tents in Hebron, and confiscating a construction vehicle and a truck in Qalqiliyah.  Further, as part of the settlers’ attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property in the West Bank, the Israeli settlers threw stones at 3 cars in southern Nablus and broke their windows.

 

During the reporting period, the Israeli naval forces continued their attacks against the Palestinian fishermen and their equipment at sea though sailing within the allowed fishing area.  This week witnessed 2 shooting and chase incidents against the fishermen and their boats.

 

In terms of the Israeli closure policy, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation in the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods and ongoing isolation of the Gaza Strip from the West Bank and the rest of the world. Meanwhile, the West Bank is divided into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilians’ movement is restricted and others are arrested.

 

 

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity

 

  1. Excessive Use of Force against the Great March of Return in the Gaza Strip

 

The 73th Great March of Return took off in eastern Gaza Strip on Friday, 06 September 2019, titled “Protecting the Home Front.” The Israeli attacks resulted in killing 2 children and wounding 80 civilians, including 39 children, 2 paramedics and a journalist.

 

The incidents were as follows:

 

  • Northern Gaza Strip: At approximately 16:30 on Friday, 06 September 2019, hundreds of civilians marched towards the central tent of the Great March of Return (GMR) in Abu Safiyah area, northeast of Jabalia, north of the Gaza Strip. Israeli forces stationed behind sand berms and in military vehicles along the border fence, fired live and rubber bullets as well as teargas canisters at a number of protesters, who threw stones at them. As a result, ‘Ali Sami ‘Ali al-Ashqar (17), from Jabalia refugee camp, was killed after being shot with a live bullet that entered the backside of his chest and exited through the lower front side of his neck while only few meters away from the border fence. Moreover, 36 civilians were injured, including 26 children: 29 with live bullets and their shrapnel; 20 of them were children; 3 with tear gas canisters; and 4, including 3 children, with rubber bullets.
  • Gaza City: at approximately 16:00 on Friday, hundreds of civilians marched in eastern Malakah area, east of Gaza City. Speeches, theatrical performances and other segments were performed at the protest central encampment. Dozens of protestors approached the fence and threw stones with slingshots at Israeli soldiers. The activities continued until 19:00 on the same day. Despite the peaceful nature of the demonstrations, Israeli forces directly stationed along the border fence fired live and rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at the participants. As a result, Khaled Abu Baker Mohammed Sufian al-Rab’ie (14), from al-Shija’iyah neighborhood, was killed. According to PCHR’s investigations, the child arrived at Shifa Hospital at approximately 17:35 with a bullet wound in his waist, while being tens of meters away from the border fence, and he was pronounced dead. Moreover, 16 civilians were injured, including 6 children, a female paramedic and a journalist: 6 with live bullets, 8 with rubber bullets and 2 with tear gas canisters. The wounded paramedic is Mona Khalifah Lubbad (21), who sustained a shrapnel wound to her left foot. The wounded journalist, Ahmed Mohammed al-Hendi (23), sustained a rubber bullet injury to the hand. Mr. al-Hendi works for Siraj Media Services.
  • Central Gaza Strip: at approximately 15:00, hundreds of civilians, including women, children and families, took part in the eastern Bureij refugee camp protests; tens of them gathered adjacent to the border fence at a range varying between 2 – 70 meters. at approximately 17:10, a  number of protestors threw stones with slingshots at Israeli soldiers. The Israeli soldiers, reinforced with several military SUVs, fired live and rubber bullets in addition to teargas canisters at them. As a result, 8 civilians were wounded, including 4 children: 4 were shot with live bullets and their shrapnel, 1 was shot with a rubber bullet and 3 were hit with tear gas canisters.
  • Khan Younis:  The Israeli forces’ use of force against the protesters, who gathered in the encampment in eastern Khuza’ah and near the border fence, resulted in the injury of 9 civilians, including 4 children and a paramedic: 5 with live bullets and shrapnel, 2 with rubber bullets; and 1 with tear gas canisters. Furthermore, many other civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation. They received treatment on the spot in the field medical point. The wounded paramedic, As’ad Sami Mohammed Abu Ghalwah (30), from Khan Younis, was shot with a rubber bullet to the right foot.
  • Rafah: hundreds participated in the eastern Shokah protests, where folklore songs and speeches were held. Dozens approached the border fence and threw stones at the shielded Israeli soldiers, who responded with live and rubber bullets and teargas canisters against the protestors. As a result, 11 civilians were injured, including a child. It was documented that 9 were shot with live bullets and their shrapnel and 2 were shot with rubber bullets.

 

  1. Excessive Use of Force against Protests in the West Bank

 

  • At approximately 13:30 on Friday, 06 September 2019, Palestinians from Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah launched their weekly peaceful protest and headed towards the village’s eastern entrance that has been closed by Israeli forces for the past 15 years in favor of “Kedumim” settlement. The demonstrators chanted national slogans demanding end of the occupation and protested the Israeli forces’ crimes against Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. The protestors threw stones at the Israeli soldiers stationed behind sand berms while the soldiers fired sponge-tipped bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 22-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet to the face and a 19-year-old civilian was hit with a rubber bullet to the lower abdomen.
  • At approximately 12:00 on Sunday, 08 September 2019, Israeli forces dispersed a peaceful protest called for by the national factions in Beit Jala against Israeli forces’ policy of seizing lands of al-Makhrour area, west of the city, in favor of settlement activity. Tens of civilians, activists and representatives of national factions started their protest from Beit Jala western entrance and headed to al-Makhrour area. The participants raised Palestinian flags and chanted national slogans against the Israeli forces’ seizure of Palestinian lands. Monther ‘Amira, Coordinator of the Popular Committee Against the Wall and Settlement, stated that Israeli forces banned the protestors from reaching the abovementioned land and fired tear gas canister at them. Al-Makhrour area, which is about 2000 dunums and considered the only vital outlet in Beit Jala, always targeted by Israeli settlement activities and bypass roads in addition to building acts. Three weeks ago, Israeli forces demolished a restaurant belonging to Ramzi Qaisiyah and seized a 4-dunum land belonging to Saba Iskandar where settlers established a caravan and surrounded it with barbed wire lightened the land using an electric generator.

 

  • At approximately 14:00 on Monday,09 September 2019, students from Birzeit University, a number of civilians and Israeli and human rights defenders launched a peaceful protest at al-Birah northern entrance against the death of Bassam al-Sa’eh in the Israeli prisons. When the protestors approached the checkpoint of “Beit Eil” settlement, north of the city, Israeli soldiers fired live and rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, an 18-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet to the chest. The wounded young man was transferred to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah for medical treatment where he underwent a surgery. Medical sources classified his injury as settled.

 

  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity

 

  • At approximately 21:00 on Friday, 06 September 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at the border area; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 12:15 on Saturday, 07 September 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed eastern Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and chased them. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 12:10, an Israeli drone fired a missile at an agricultural land in al-Shoka village, east of Rafah in southern Gaza Strip; no arrests were reported. The Israeli forces’ spokesperson said in his statement that:” they targeted a group of Palestinians, who fired a drone that crossed the border fence from the Gaza Strip and threw an explosive device at the border area and then returned to the Strip. As a result, a vehicle was partially damaged; no casualties among the soldiers were reported.
  • At approximately 13:45, Israeli forces stationed in east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened  fire at an agricultural land in eastern al-Sanati area in ‘Abasan al-Kabirah. The shooting continued foe few minutes; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They stationed around al-Arabe’in Mosque in the village and evacuated the area. Meanwhile, dozens of Palestinian young men and Israeli soldiers, who used rubber bullets and tear gas canisters. As a result, a young man was hit with a sound bomb shrapnel to the head and received medical treatment in a field medical point. Moreover, the soldiers arrested Mohanned Ma’moun Abu ‘Asab (17).
  • At approximately 10:30 on Sunday, 08 September 2019, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern al-Maghazi. The shooting continued for 15 minutes; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:30, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern al-Qararah area in ‘Abasan al-Kabirah. The shooting continued for few minutes; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:30 on Monday 09 September 2019, Israeli forces moved into Beit Rema village, northwest of Ramallah and patrolled the streets. a number of children, who were heading to their schools, gathered and threw stones at the soldier, who responded with rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the children. As a result, Nour Eden Hazem al-Remawi (10) was shot with a rubber bullet to the right sides of the chest. He was taken to Yasser Arafat Hospital in Salfit for medical treatment. Moreover, the soldiers arrested Mohammed ‘Ezzat al-Remawi (17) after beating him with a rifle’s nozzle.
  • At approximately 09;30 on the same day, Israeli forces opened fire at agricultural lands along the border fence, northeast of al-buraij refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip. the shooting continued for 15 minutes; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:20, Israeli forced opened fire at agricultural lands along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip. The shooting continued for 15 minutes sporadically; neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on the same Monday, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 5 nautical miles and chased them. They also fired a number of flare bombs in the sky of the area. As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Tuesday, 01 September 2019, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Shoka, east of Rafah, opened fire at a checkpoint of the field control point; no casualties were reported.

 

  1. Incursions and Arrests

 

Thursday, 05 September 2019:

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit Kahel, northwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Islam ‘Issa Asafra (33) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Rujeib village, east of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ghazi Maher Abu Mustafa (24) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Daheya Al-Tahta neighborhood, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Wa’el Abdul Karim Hasan Hashash (49). Before their withdrawal from the house, the soldiers confiscated JD 200 and NIS 600 and then handed Hashash a warrant of the confiscated money. Wa’el Hashash said to PCHR fieldworker:

 

“At approximately 02:00, on 05 September 2019, while my family and I were sleeping, I Israeli forces raided my house in the second floor of my fathers’ 2-story house. They gathered all my family members in the living room and then ordered me to bring the any weapon and money in the house. My wife said that there is JD 200 belonging to my daughter, Roa’a, who graduated from high school. After searching the house, the soldiers took the JD 200 in addition to NIS 600 they found in Roa’as purse. The soldiers counted the money in front of us and then handed me a warrant of the confiscated money. The soldiers later withdrew from the house.”

 

  • At the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Maher Sha’ban al-Ra’ei (24) and the arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:40, Israeli forces moved into Kuber village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Serri Haseeb al-Barghouthi (22) and then arrested him.

 

  • Israeli forces carried out (4) incursions in Beit Ummer, Beit ‘Awa and Ethna villages in Hebron; and al-Birah. No arrests were reported.

 

Friday, 06 September 2019:

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Hebron and stationed in Farsh al-Hawa area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Wadeea’ Badran Jaber (25) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 11:00, an Israeli infantry unit moved into Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Bader al-Ajlouni (36) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 19:30, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They stationed around the Arba’een Mosque and then arrested Ahmed Khalid Ateyah (16) while he was leaving the mosque. It should be noted that al-‘Issawiyah village witnesses for weeks daily clashes with Israeli forces that raid civilians’ houses and stores. Furthermore, Israeli forces impose restrictions by establishing more temporary checkpoints that restrict the civilians’ movement via checking their ID cards and issuing fines against them every now and then.

 

  • Israeli forces carried out (12) incursions in Beit Led, Kour, Kafer Sour, al-Ras, Jobarah, and Safarin villages in Tulkarm; ‘Azzoun and Kafer Qaddoum villages in Qalqiliyah; Dura, Beit ‘Awa, Sekkah and Tawas villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

                                      

Saturday, 07 September 2019:

 

  • At approximately 04:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Beira and stationed in al-Baloua’ neighborhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Samah Jaradat (20), a student at Birzeit University, and then arrested her.

 

  • At approximately 10:30, Israeli forces moved into the western entrance to ‘Aqraba village, southwest of Nablus. They confiscated a bulldozer belonging to ‘Aqraba Municipality, which was filling gaps adjacent to the street, and then transferred it to Za’tara checkpoint. Israeli forces claimed that the bulldozer was working in Areas (C). ‘Issam Fawaz Abdul Qader Jarban (55), the bulldozer’s driver, said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

“At approximately 10:30 on Thursday, 07 September 2019 on Thursday, I was driving the municipality’s bulldozer in the western entrance of Za’tara – Jericho Street to fill the dangerous gaps on the street. Suddenly, I was surprised with an Israeli vehicle in front of my way. A soldier stepped out of the vehicle, moved towards me, checked my ID card and then ordered me to drive behind him to Za’atra checkpoint, south of Nablus. After that, the soldiers detained me along with the bulldozer. Mayor, Ghaleb Mayadma, and three municipality members intervened; thus, I was released, but the bulldozer is still confiscated.”

 

  • At approximately 17:00, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence between Gaza Strip and Israel, arrested (3) civilians; a boy and 2 children, who crossed the border fence, and then took them to an unknown destination. Five hours after investigation with the children, Israeli forces released two of them through Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossing, north of the Gaza Strip, namely; Mahmoud Jaber Mohammed al-Na’ami (15) and Mohammed Hani Masa’ad Abu Mandeel (17), while kept Bilal Youssef Eid al-Na’ami (18) under arrest. The three arrestees are living in al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip. Mohammed Abu Mandeel said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

“At approximately 16:45, on Saturday evening, 07 September 2019, Bilal and Mahmoud al-Na’ami, and I crossed 1000 meters into the border fence, east of al-Maghazi, until we sat under a tree. Meanwhile, Israeli soldiers surrounded us and then ordered us to throw everything we have. Bilal threw a knife and a lighter before they handcuffed us and blindfolded us, taking us to an unknown destination. Thirty minutes later, the soldiers took us to a military site and detained us in a caravan; I saw that from underneath the blindfold. few minutes later, three soldiers took me to an unknown destination, and ordered me to talk with an unknown person by the phone. Further, this person investigated with me and asked about my name, personal information, place of residence, and the reason of crossing the border fence and sneaking to Israel. The investigation on phone continued for 5 minutes after which the soldiers returned me to the caravan and investigated with each of my friends alone. Five hours later, the soldiers stepped us in a military vehicle. they used to stop the vehicle every 15 or 20 minutes beat me in the chest and abdomen. The vehicle stopped an hour later and the soldiers unhand cuffed us and released us at Beit Hanoun “Eriz” Crossing, while kept Bilal al-Na’ami under arrest.”

 

  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli forces deployed at Hebron’s Old City, arrested Hamdy Hamad Jaber (16) and then took him to an investigation center in “Keryat Arba” settlement, east of the city. The Israeli forces claimed that they found a knife with the abovementioned child.

 

  • Israeli forces carried out (6) incursions in Kafel Hares and Deir Estia villages in Salfit; ‘Ein Qiniya village, west of Ramallah; Beit Awla, Nuba and Bani Na’im in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

 

Sunday, 08 September 2019

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into the southern area in Hebron and stationed in Abu Suneinah neighborhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Fadi Lafi Abu Suneinah (28) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 10:30 on Israeli forces established a temporary military checkpoint at the eastern entrance to al-Nabi Elyas village, east of Qalqiliyah. They checked Palestinian civilians’ ID cards and then arrested Ahmed Hamdan Abdul Hadi Eshtiwi (22), a member of the Palestinian National security service from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus.

 

  • At approximately11:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Izariyah village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several commercial shops in “Ras Kabsah: area in the village and then arrested Fadi Jamil Matat Shqirat (35).

 

  • At approximately 16:00, Israeli soldiers deployed in Hebron’s Old City, arrested Nabih Taha Abu Suneinah (22) claiming that he disobeyed he soldiers. Abu Suneinah was transferred to a detention center in “Kiryat Arba” settlement, east of the city.

 

  • At approximately 23:00, Israeli forces moved into Hebron and stationed in Sha’er ‘Ein ‘Arab area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Emad Sadeq Qanabi, who is detained since 09 June 2019 and sentenced to life imprisonment in addition to 25 years. The soldiers detained the family members in one room and damaged the house contents and then withdrew from the house; no arrests were reported. Lo’ai (22) said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

 

“At approximately 23:00, my mother, my sister  Heba (15) and brother Zain (17) were sleeping in our house while my brother Abdullah (23) was sitting in a store near the house. Abdullah phone called me and informed me that Israeli soldiers raided and searched our house yard. When I arrived at the house, the soldiers raided the house and entered the living room. A soldier then pushed me into the wall and then detained me in my room. The soldiers did the same with my family members at gunpoint and then searched the rooms. We asked the solders to bring my mother’s jewelry and our money and they allowed us to take them after we argued with them. I tried to speak to a soldier, but he shouted at me and verbally insulted me and my family. The soldier then took me to the toilet where he sat me down at gunpoint for 20 minutes. During their search, other soldiers broke our house contents while searching the rooms in addition to the second floor, which was uninhabited. The soldier took me to my room and asked me about my PC and then moved me to an empty room in the second floor. At approximately 03:30 on Monday 09 September 2019, the solders withdrew from our house.  we found out that the soldiers ransacked the house.”

 

  • Israeli forces carried out (13) incursions in al-Shuyoukh village and al-Fawar refugee camp, north and south of Hebron; Tulkarm, Shuweikah Suburb, Far’oun, al-Jaroushiyah, ‘Azzoun, Kafer Laqef and al-Nabi E;yas villages, Tulkarm and Noor Shams refugee camps east of Qalqiliyah; Kafer al-Deek and Bedia villages, west of Salfit. No arrests were reported.

 

Monday, 09 September 2019:

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Qabatiyah village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested Amin Mohammed Tawfiq Zakarnah (27) and Ahmed Yusuf Khalil Kamil (21).
  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Beit Kahel village, north west of Hebron. They raided and searched the houses belonging to: Laith Yousef Abdul-Hadi ‘Assafra (24) and Mohammed Jehad Assafra (28). They arrested both of them.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Mazra’ah eastern village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mahmoud Mohammed al-Shurti (23) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several a house belonging to Malek Bilal Mohammed Eshtiya (26) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces moved into Silwan village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses after which they arrested Khalil Hasan Mar’I Hamed (33), Mousa Yasser al-Najjar (27), No’man Saleh Hamed (24), Mohammed Lutfi al-Najjar (24) and Mohammed Yasser Hamed (21).

 

  • At approximately 09:00, Yusuf Abed Shehadah (19) handed himself to Israeli forces in investigation center in “Atarot” detention center, north of occupied East of Jerusalem, after the soldiers raided his house few days ago and handed his family a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service.

 

  • At approximately 09:30, Israeli forces backed by 6 military construction vehicles and bulldozers moved about 100 meters into east of al-Buraij refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip. The vehicles leveled the lands and repaired the barbed wire in lands adjacent to the border fence and then they were redeployed along the border fence.

 

  • At approximately 14:30, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Amin Omer Hamed (23) and Mohammed Ayman ‘Obaid (20).

 

  • Israeli forces carried out (2) incursions in Sowreif and Noba villages in Hebron.

 

Tuesday, 10 September 2019:

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Omer Khader al-Shakhshir (25) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Ya’bud village, southwest of Jenin, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Zaid Ahmed Ba’jawi (15) and the arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 02:15, Israeli forces moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to Jaber Nouh Majirami (21) and then arrested him.

 

  • At the same time, Israeli forces moved into Hebron, stationed at Abu-Snaina neighborhood and raided a number of houses under the pretext of searching for weapons with police dogs. The houses belonged to Nael Ahmed Abu-Hussein and his sons; Ahmed Omar Abu-Hussein; and Said Moustafa Abu-Hussein. They arrested Nael Abu-Hussein (60) and took him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At the same time, Israeli forces raided Jabal Abu-Roman neighborhood in Hebron. They raided and ransacked Kazem Mohammed al-Qasrawi and Azzam Hamdi Abu-‘Aysha’s houses. They withdrew without any arrests.

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Jaba’a village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Baha’a Fayez Salatnah (39) and Morad Mohammed Sa’ed Fashafsha (28) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Tubas. They raided and searched a house belonging to Lo’ai Rashed Abdul Razeq (25) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 03:40, Israeli forces moved into Beit Liqya village, southwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to ‘Ali Nouh Karmi (21) and Younis Sa”ed Dar Mousa (24) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 04:30, Israeli forces moved into Qalqiliya, raided a number of houses and arrest 3 civilians: Nour Adnan Abed (19); Abdul-Latif Ayman Abu-Shaykh (20) and Yacoub Kamal Jabara (21).

 

  • Israeli forces conducted (5) incursions in Um Safa village, northwest of Ramallah; Eskan Rojeeb and Salem villages, east of Nablus. No arrests were reported.

 

 

Wednesday, 11 September 2019:

                   

  • At approximately 01:40, Israeli forces moved into Birzeit village, north of Ramallah, and stationed in the Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yazan Mahgames (20) and Amir Walim Hazbou (20), both are students at Birzeit Universitym, and then arrested them.

 

  • At approximately 14:00, Israeli forces arrested Ahmed Khalil Abu ‘Aram (26), from Yatta, south of Hebron after detaining him at a temporary checkpoint at Hebron’s southern entrance (al-Fahes).

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Doha village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Baker Mousa Qowar (22) and then arrested him.

 

  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Zaki Sultan ‘Obaid (24) and then arrested him.

 

  • Israeli forces conducted (14) incursions in al-Samou’a, Beit Awla, Deir Samet villages and Kherbat al-Semia in Hebron; Kouber, Abu Qash, Barham, Abu Shakhidem, al-Mazra’a al-Gharbiyah, Jafna, ‘Ein Senia, Dor al-Qare’a villages and al-Jalazoun refugee camp in Ramallah and al-Birah.

 

  • At approximately 02:15, Israeli forces moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mahmoud Ghazi Abu Zaytoun (21) and then arrested him.

 

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank including occupied East Jerusalem

 

  1. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities

 

  • On Thursday, 05 September 2019, Jameel Masalmah implemented the Israeli municipality decision to self-demolish his house in Wadi Rababah area in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Masalmah said that the municipality staff raided his house and informed him to self-demolish his house completely within 24 hours or he will pay a fine estimated at NIS 84,000. Thus, he was forced to self-demolish his 50-sqaure-meter houses built 20 years ago. He added that he attempted to license his houses, but in vain. It should be noted that there is an unlicensed 4-story-building for settlers located next to his house. He said that he was forced to live in his brother’s house with his family comprising of 5 persons. Lately, the Israeli Municipality escalated its self-demolish policy and ordered the facilities’ owners in Jerusalem to self-demolish their facilities. If the owners refused, they will pay a fine and demolition costs. Since the beginning of this year, over 110 residential, agricultural and commercial facilities were demolished in Jerusalem; 30 of them were self-demolished by using bulldozers, manual tools and machinery.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Monday, 09 September 2019, an Israeli force backed by several military vehicles in addition to a bulldozer belonging to the Civil Administration moved into Kherbat Salamah, east of Tarqumiya village, west of Hebron. The bulldozer demolished an agricultural room built of bricks and tin plates on an area of 10 square meters belonging to Mohammed Khalil Ja’afrah. The room was demolished under the pretext of building without a license.

 

  • At approximately 14:00 on Monday, 09 September 2019, Israeli forces moved into “ Mohamed Mount” area, which belongs to Kafur Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyia. The Israeli forces surrounded a bulldozer and a truck belonging to Amjad ‘Abed al-Mo’min Yousef Jum’a, from Kafur Qaddoum village, and Samer Redwan ‘Abed al-Latif Ahmed, from Hejah village, under the pretext of non-licensing in area C. Jum’a said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: “ at approximately 14:00 on Monday, 09 September 2019, while we were leveling and cleaning a road within a project belonging to Kafur Qaddoum village committee, Israeli forces backed by a vehicle of the Israeli Civil Administration ordered us to stop working and then confiscated the truck and bulldozer, taking them to an unknown destination. We were at around 50 meters away from residential houses and did not know if construction works are banned in this area or not. Following that, we headed to the official authorities and the Israeli military liaison, which informed us that construction works in area C are banned and gave us a list of confiscated items.

 

  • At approximately 07:00, on Wednesday 11 September 2019, Israeli soldiers and machinery carried out the foundation’s destruction of two buildings in al-Aizareya city, east of the occupied eastern Jerusalem belonging to Samer Abu Zeyad, under the pretext of building without a permit.

Abu Zeyad said that the Israeli forces moved into the two buildings that are still under construction in Ra’s al-Bostan neighborhood, in al-Aizareya city, after completely closing all roads leading to it. After that, the Israeli bulldozers destroyed them and prevented everybody from approaching to the site, and attempted to attack his son Mohammed (20). Mohammed said that he started the building process from the beginning of this year. Abu Zeyad added that the occupied government handed him the destruction decision in May, but he cancelled the decision and got a building license from the competent authorities, but he was surprised in the abovementioned day from the destruction decision.

 

  • At approximately 09:00 of the same day, Israeli military forces reinforced with several military vehicles, belonging to the Civil Administration and four diggers moved into Kherbet al-Mafqara in the southeast of Yata, south of Hebron. The Israeli forces surrounded the civilians’ houses, while destruction machinery destroyed (3) tinplate houses and a residential tint, under the pretext of building without a permit. The destroyed houses belonging to:
  1. Fady Jasem al-Hamamda: a tinplate house willing of 25 Square meters.
  2. Bakr Mohammed Hamamda: a tinplate house willing of 25 Square meters.
  3. Mo’az Hussain Mahmoud Hamamda: a tinplate house willing of 25 Square meters.
  4. ‘Adla Maher al-Hamamda: a residential tent willing of 20 Square meters.
  • At the same time, an Israeli force backed by several military vehicles, a vehicle belonging to the Civil Administration and 2 diggers, moved into Kherbat al-Rakeez, southeast of Yatta, south of Hebron. They surrounded civilians’ houses and then demolished 3 rooms built of tin plates and bricks on an area of 20 square meters in addition to a well of 50 cubic meters belonging to jabber Mohammed Dababsah and ‘Amer Mohammed Dababsah. They also closed the road connecting al-Mosafer area that links between al-Towanah and Sho’ab al-Batam.

 

 

  1. Israeli Settler Violence

 

 

  • At approximately 05:00 on Sunday, 08 September 2019, a group of Israeli settlers, from “Yatizhar” settlement, which is established in the eastern side of ‘Asirah al-Qabaliyia village, attacked al-Foqah neighborhood. They broke the windows of 3 vehicles with stones and punctured their tires. The village’s residents confronted them and threw stones at them. The affected persons were identified as: ‘Abed al-Baset Mohamed Ahmed, ‘Abed al-Wahab ‘Abed al-Rahman Mohamed Ahmed, and Rafiq ‘Abed al-Baset Mohamed Ahmed.

 

  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

                          

The Gaza Strip

 

As the Israeli closure of the Gaza Strip enters its 14th consecutive year this July, severe restrictions on the freedom of movement of persons and goods enhance the de facto separation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Moreover, Israeli naval forces imposed a blockade, chased fishermen, opened fire at them, and confiscated their fishing equipment. During the reporting period, — shooting incidents and chasing fishermen and their boats were documented.

 

Note: No updates occurred on the state of the crossing during the reporting.

 

West Bank

 

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. Israeli forces established 45 temporary checkpoints and arrested a number of civilians.

 

The military checkpoint were as follows:

 

Hebron:

 

  • On Thursday, 05 September 2019, Israeli forces established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to al-‘Aroub and al-Fawar refugee camps, at the entrance to al-Dahiriyia village, and on Jalajel village road.
  • On Friday, 06 September 2019, 2 similar checkpoints were established at the northern entrance to Hebron and at the entrance to Yatta.
  • On Saturday, 07 September 2019, Israeli forces established 3 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhoul village and at the entrances to Ethna and Samou’a villages.
  • On Sunday, 08 September 2019, Israeli forces established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Bani Na’iem, al-Dahiriyia, al-Koum and Abu Risha villages.
  • On Monday, 09 September 2019, Israeli forces established 3 temporary checkpoints on the southern entrances to Hebron and Halhoul, as well as Bani Nai’m village.
  • On Tuesday, 10 September 2019, Israeli forces established 5 temporary checkpoints on the entrances of Hebron, al-Samou’ village, al-‘Aroub refugee camp, al-Kom village and Tarousa road.
  • On Wednesday, 11 September 2019, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoints on the entrances to Yatta city and Tafouh village.

 

Ramallah and al-Bireh:

 

  • On Friday, 06 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint on the southern entrance to Ramallah.
  • On Saturday, 07 September 2019, Israeli forces established 3 checkpoints on the entrances to Ayn Siena, Tarmasi’a and Nabi Saleh villages.
  • On Monday, 09 September 2019, Israeli forces established 3 temporary checkpoints on the entrances to Nabi Saleh and ‘Aboud villages on the north western side of Ramallah, as well as Beit ‘Our Tahta, west of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 10 September 2019, Israeli forces established another checkpoint on the entrance of Dourat al-Qar’ village, north of the city.

 

Jericho:

 

  • On Monday, 09 September 2019, Israeli forces established 2 temporary checkpoints on the southern and northern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Tuesday, 10 September 2019, Israeli forces established a temporary checkpoint on the northern entrance to Jericho.

 

Nablus:

 

  • At approximately 20:25 on Thursday, 05 September 2019, Israeli forces imposed more arbitrary restrictions on Palestinian civilians’ vehicles while passing through Beit Foreek village’s checkpoint.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Saturday, 07 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the south-eastern entrance to Tal village.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 10 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint on Tal Nablus Road, south of Nablus.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli forces stationed at a military checkpoint established at the entrance to “Shafi Shamroun” settelemnt, on Jenin-Nablus Road, obstructed Palestinian civilians’ movement, stopped their vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs. No arrests among them were reported.

 

  • Qalqiliyia:

 

  • At approximately 00:30 on Thursday, 05 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.

 

  • At approximately 18:50 on Saturday, 07 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Heblah village, south of Qalqiliyia.

 

  • At approximately 18:50 on Sunday, 08 September 2019, a similar checkpoint was established at the entrance to Kafur Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyia.

 

  • At approximately 19:15 on 08 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.

 

  • At approximately 18:50 on Sunday, 08 September 2019, Israeli forces established a temporary checkpoint on the entrance to Koffor Qadoum village, north east of Qalqilyia.

 

  • Also on Sunday, at approximately 19:15, Israeli forces established a temporary checkpoint at the eastern city entrance.

 

  • At approximately 08:40 on Monday, 09 September 2019, Israeli forces established a temporary checkpoint on the northen entrance on ‘Azzoun village;

 

  • Also on Monday, Israeli forces established a temporary checkpoint, at approximately 20:10 on the entrance to al-Nabi Elias village, east of the city.

 

Salfit:

 

  • At approximately 11:30 on Friday, 06 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Dir Ballout village, west of Salfit.
  • At approximately 21:00, a similar checkpoint was established at the entrance to Kaful Hares village, north of the city.

How Israel Steals Palestine’s Offshore Oil and Gas Revenues. Outright Theft. Billions of Dollars Stolen

UNCTAD Assistance to the Palestinian People: Developments in the Economy of the Occupied Palestinian Territory

By UNCTAD
Global Research, September 11, 2019

Executive summary

“In 2018 and early 2019, the performance of the Palestinian economy and humanitarian conditions reached an all-time low. Per capita income fell, mass unemployment increased, poverty deepened and the environmental toll of occupation has been rising in both the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

The Palestinian people are denied the right to exploit oil and natural gas resources and thereby deprived of billions of dollars in revenue.

The international community should help the Palestinian people to secure their right to oil and gas in the Occupied Palestinian Territory and ascertain their legitimate share in the natural resources collectively owned by several neighbouring States in the region.

In March 2019, the Government of Israel started to deduct $11.5 million monthly (equivalent to $138 million annually) from Palestinian clearance revenues.

The Palestinian National Authority responded that it would not accept anything less than the full amount of its rightful clearance revenues, which represent two thirds of Palestinian fiscal revenue. This fiscal shock is compounded by declining donor support.

UNCTAD continues to respond positively to the needs of the Palestinian people. However, securing extrabudgetary resources remains critical to fulfilling the requests in the Nairobi Maafikiano and in General Assembly resolutions for UNCTAD to report on the economic costs of occupation for the Palestinian people,”

***

The UNCTAD report focusses on the impoverishment of the Palestinian population: “Falling per capita income and worsening depression-level unemployment”

It also examines in length how Israel took control of Palestine’s offshore oil and natural gas reserves in derogation of both Israeli and international law.

This constitutes an act of outright theft by Israel of billions of dollars of revenue, which is barely acknowledged by the Western media.

Below are selected excerpts of the UNCTAD Report pertaining to the theft of oil and gas revenues (emphasis added by Global Research):

Studies by geologists and natural resources economists have separately confirmed that the Occupied Palestinian Territory lies above considerable reservoirs of oil and natural gas wealth off the coast of Gaza and in the West Bank. Within this context, UNCTAD (2019) prepared a study to sketch preliminary outlines of the economic loss incurred by the Palestinian people as a result of being denied their right to develop and exploit their oil and natural gas resources.

… In 1999, the BG Group (BGG) discovered a large gas field (Gaza Marine) at a distance of 17 to 21 nautical miles off the Gaza coast. In November 1999, within the bounds of the Oslo Accords, which give PNA maritime jurisdiction over its waters up to 20 nautical miles from the coast, PNA signed a 25-year contract for gas exploration with BGG. In 2000, BGG drilled two wells in the field and carried out feasibility studies with good results.

… With reserves estimated at 1 trillion cubic feet of good quality natural gas, it was envisioned that the Palestinian people would be able to satisfy domestic demand and export the remainder. The 25-year contract gave BGG 90 per cent of the licence shares and PNA, 10 per cent, until production began. Subsequently, the PNA share was slated to increase to 40 per cent.

In July 2000, the Government of Israel granted BGG authorization to drill the first well, Marine 1. The authorization to drill the second well and the successful gas strikes at the two wells promised a potential windfall for the Palestinian people. In September 2000, the head of PNA, accompanied by Palestinian businesspeople and the media, lit the flame proving the presence of gas at the BGG offshore exploration platform. The PNA agreement with BGG included field development and the construction of a gas pipeline and the licence covered the entire Gaza offshore marine area, which is contiguous to several Israeli offshore gas facilities.

In May 2002, the Government of Israel agreed to negotiate an agreement for an annual supply of 0.05 trillion cubic feet of Palestinian gas for a period of 10 to 15 years. Yet in 2003, the Government of Israel reversed its position, stating that funds flowing to PNA could be used to support terrorism. However, in April 2007, the Government of Israel approved a proposal to renew discussions with BGG, whereby Israel would purchase 0.05 trillion cubic feet of Palestinian natural gas for $4 billion annually, starting in 2009, with profits in the order of $2 billion, of which $1 billion was to go to Palestinians. It was argued that this would generate mutual benefits deemed to foster a good atmosphere for peace.

The Government of Israel, however, had different plans for sharing revenues with Palestinians. An Israeli team of negotiators was set up to formulate a deal with BGG, bypassing Palestinians. It appeared that the Israeli team wanted the Palestinians to be paid in goods and services and insisted that no money should go to the Hamas-controlled government in Gaza. The effect was essentially to nullify the contract signed in 1999 between PNA and BGG.

In November 2008, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of National Infrastructures, Energy and Water Resources of Israel instructed the Israel Electric Corporation to enter into negotiations with BGG on the purchase of natural gas from the BGG offshore concession in Gaza. However, a new territorial arrangement emerged subsequent to the Israeli military operation in Gaza in December 2008, featuring the militarization and control of the entire Gaza coastline and maritime areas and the de facto confiscation of Palestinian natural gas fields and their integration into Israel’s contiguous offshore installations.

Nineteen years have passed since the drilling of Marine 1 and Marine 2. Since PNA has not been able to exploit these fields, the accumulated losses are in the billions of dollars and the Palestinian people have been denied the benefits of using this natural resource to finance socioeconomic development and meet their fiscal and energy needs.

 

Read the full UNCTAD report here.(pdf)

*

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Gaza Fights For Freedom: Sneak Preview Of Empire Files Documentary — Rebel Voice

The story of Gaza is one that deserves to be told. Sadly, Zionism has gotten its bloodstained claws upon the western MSM and is refusing to let go. Israel and its supporters know that if the truth were to find its way into the minds of the population of this planet, then the rogue Zionist […]

via Gaza Fights For Freedom: Sneak Preview Of Empire Files Documentary — Rebel Voice

التهديد الأكبر لـِ «إسرائيل»: حزب الله تليه إيران؟

سبتمبر 7, 2019

د. عصام نعمان

لم تنتهِ بعد جولة الأيام الثمانية الضاحية أفيفيم بين «إسرائيل» وحزب الله. ما صدر عن بنيامين نتنياهو والسيد حسن نصرالله يؤكد أنّ صولات وجولات ستعقب الصراع المتوقّد بين الكيان الصهيوني والولايات المتحدة من جهة وحزب الله وسائر أطراف محور المقاومة من جهة أخرى.

نتنياهو أعلن في أول جلسة لحكومته بعد الجولة الأخيرة تحديد ثلاثة أهداف للجيش والأجهزة الأمنية الإسرائيلية: «وقف المشروع النووي الإيراني، منع إيران من تزويد أعدائنا بسلاح دقيق يشكّل خطراً علينا، ومنع تموضع إيران وأذرعها عند حدودنا».

مصدر أمني رفيع أكدت مصادر إعلامية إسرائيلية مطلعة أنه نتنياهو نفسه بصفته وزيراً للدفاع فسّر الترتيب الآنف الذكر بأنّ رئيس الحكومة «أمر بتغيير سلم الأولويات التي تتعلق بمواجهة إيران، ذلك انّ البرنامج النووي الإيراني يبقى على رأس سلّم الأولويات، لكن بعده في المرتبة الثانية يأتي هدف وقف مشروع الصواريخ الدقيقة لدى حزب الله، وبعد ذلك فقط يأتي منع إيران من التموضع العسكري في سورية ولبنان والعراق واليمن وغيرها».

مصدر أمني «إسرائيلي» آخر رفيع المستوى قال لصحيفة «يسرائيل هَيوم» 2019/9/3 المقرّبة من نتنياهو «إنّ إسرائيل باتت تعتبر مشروع الصواريخ الدقيقة لمنظمة حزب الله أكبر تهديد لها، يليه المشروع النووي الإيراني، ثمّ منع التموضع العسكري الإيراني في كلٍّ من سورية ولبنان والعراق واليمن».

لماذا رفّعت «إسرائيل» حزب الله الى مرتبة تهديد أعلى من إيران او يليها في الخطورة على الأقلّ؟

المصدر الأمني الإسرائيلي المُشار إليه هو نفسه مَن أجاب عن هذا التساؤل بقوله: «إنّ «إسرائيل» لا يمكنها ان تسلّم بوضع تكون فيه محاطة بآلاف الصواريخ الدقيقة، وهو ما يجعل أيّ منطقة في البلد في مرمى هذه الصواريخ».

هذا التفسير يبدو منطقياً كون لبنان، حيث صواريخ حزب الله الدقيقة، قريب جداً من «إسرائيل» في شمال فلسطين المحتلة، وفي قطاع غزة جنوبيّها، حيث من المتوقع ان تتزوّد فصائل المقاومة بصواريخ دقيقة أيضاً على مقربة من قلب «إسرائيل» في الوسط، فيما إيران تبعد عن الكيان الصهيوني مئات الآف الكيلومترات.

إلى ذلك، اتهمت «إسرائيل» حزب الله، بعد الجولة الأخيرة، بإنشاء مصنع للصواريخ الدقيقة قرب قرية النبي شيت في سهل البقاع شرقيّ لبنان ما يرقى الى محاولة ردّ على السيد نصرالله الذي كان أكدّ ان الحزب لا يملك البتة معامل لتصنيع الصواريخ الدقيقة، ولو كان يملك مثلها لكان أعلن ذلك بإعتزاز وفخر.

إلامَ تشير كلّ هذه الإتهامات؟ الى غاية واحدة هي انّ حكومة نتنياهو العدوانية لن تتوقف عن مواجهة المقاومة اللبنانية براً وبحراً وجواً، وانّ الجولة الأخيرة بين الطرفين ستعقبها جولات أخرى.

حزب الله سيردّ قطعاً على الاعتداءات الإسرائيلية المقبلة. أمينه العام، قائد المقاومة، أعلن في آخر خطاب له:

«إذا اعتديتم، فإنّ جنودكم ومستعمراتكم في عمق العمق ستكون ضمن أهداف ردّنا، وليس هناك خطوط حمر في الدفاع عن لبنان».

إذ يبدو لبنان والمنطقة مقبلين على جولة صراع ساخنة، تحرّكت واشنطن لاحتواء الأزمة بإيفاد السفير ديفيد شنكر بوصفه الوسيط الأميركي الجديد في ملف ترسيم الحدود بين لبنان و»إسرائيل» بعد تسلّمه الملف من سلفه السفير ديفيد ساترفيلد. شنكر سيسعى الى إيجاد تسوية لهذا الملف بعدما أصرّ لبنان على ربط الحدود البرية والبحرية في المحادثات وذلك خلافاً لموقف «إسرائيل» الداعي الى حصر البحث بالحدود البرّية فقط.

من الواضح انّ ما تسعى إليه واشنطن هو محاولة إيجاد تسوية لمشكلة ترسيم الحدود بغية تنفيس الاحتقان بين الطرفين في هذه الآونة العصيبة التي في سياقها جرت الجولة الأخيرة من الصدام المسلح. غير انّ ما يجعل مهمة شنكر بالغة الصعوبة انّ رؤساء الجمهورية ومجلس النواب وغالبية الكتل البرلمانية ناهيك عن معظم الهيئات الشعبية والقوى الوطنية والديمقراطية تقف موقفاً موحداً عنوانه الأبرز حق لبنان في الدفاع عن نفسه في وجه الإعتداءات «الإسرائيلية».

وعليه، من المشكوك فيه انّ لدى واشنطن مخرجاً نوعياً لإبعاد المنطقة عن سطح الصفيح الساخن الذي تقف عليه هذه الأيام…

وزير سابق

Four Young Gazans Infiltrate Israeli-held Territories, Seize Military Equipment before Returning Safely

Hamas fighters Gaza

September 7, 2019

Zionist media outlets reported that four Palestinian youths infiltrated from Gaza into the occupied territories, seizing military equipment.

The reports added that the infiltrators did not cause any damage to the fence during the infiltration process which ended successfully as they returned to the Strip safely.

MK Ofer Shelah who represent the Blue and White party blamed P Benjamin Netanyahu for losing deterrence in face of Hamas on Gaza border, adding that the Palestinian group imposes on ‘Israel’ the time of war and that of ‘peace’.

Source: Al-Manar English Website

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