Investigation to Move Forward: Everything You Need to Know about ICC Latest Ruling on Israeli War Crimes (SPECIAL REPORT)

February 6, 2021

ICC Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda. (Photo: UN Website)

By Palestine Chronicle Staff

On Friday, February 5, the last hurdle in the way of an international investigation into war crimes committed in occupied Palestine has been removed, as the International Criminal Court in the Hague has finally approved the Prosecutor’s request to open legal proceedings regarding war crimes in the occupied Palestinian territories, including Gaza.

“Pre-Trial Chamber I of the International Criminal Court .. decided, by majority, that the Court’s territorial jurisdiction in the Situation in Palestine, a State party to the ICC Rome Statute, extends to the territories occupied by Israel since 1967, namely Gaza and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem,” the ICC said in a press release that was made available to international media, including The Palestine Chronicle.

The Investigation

After years of haggling, the ICC had resolved in December 2019 that, “there is a reasonable basis to proceed with an investigation into the situation in Palestine, pursuant to Article 53(1) of the Statute.”

Article 53(1) merely describes the procedural steps that often lead, or do not lead, to an investigation by the Court.

That Article is satisfied when the amount of evidence provided to the Court is so convincing that it leaves the ICC with no other option but to move forward with an investigation.

Indeed, Bensouda had already declared late last year that she was,

“satisfied that (i) war crimes have been or are being committed in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip… (ii) potential cases arising from the situation would be admissible; and (iii) there are no substantial reasons to believe that an investigation would not serve the interests of justice.”

The Reactions

The decision, then, has angered Israel and its Western allies, who insisted that the ICC has no jurisdiction, since Palestine, they alleged, is not an independent state. 

As soon as Bensouda made her decision, although, after much delay, the US administration swiftly moved to block the Court’s attempt at holding Israeli officials accountable. On June 11, US President Donald Trump signed an executive order slapping sanctions on members of the global judicial body, citing the ICC’s investigations of US war crimes in Afghanistan and Israeli war crimes in Palestine.

In an historic irony, Germany, which had to answer to numerous war crimes committed by the Nazi regime during World War II, stepped in to serve as the main defender of Israel at the ICC and to shield accused Israeli war criminals from legal and moral accountability.

Germany, among others, then argued that the ICC had no legal authority to discuss Israeli war crimes in the occupied territories. These efforts, however, eventually amounted to nil.

Dr. Triestino Mariniello, member of the legal team for Gaza victims at the ICC,  told Palestine Chronicle TV: 

“There are at least eight countries that are openly against an investigation of the Palestinian situation. Germany is one. Some of the others came as a surprise, to be honest, for at least four other countries, Uganda, Brazil, Czech Republic, and Hungary had explicitly recognized that Palestine is a State under international law, yet are now submitting statements before the ICC Pre-Trial Chamber saying that this is not true anymore.”

The Pre-Trial Chamber

Consequently, Bensouda referred the matter to the ICC Pre-Trial Chamber, requesting a “ruling on the scope of the Court’s territorial jurisdiction in the Situation in the State of Palestine”.

The pre-trial chamber consists of judges that authorize the opening of investigations. Customarily once the Prosecutor decides to consider an investigation, she has to inform the Pre-Trial Chamber of her decision.

According to the Rome Statute, Article 56(b), 

“… the Pre-Trial Chamber may, upon request of the Prosecutor, take such measures as may be necessary to ensure the efficiency and integrity of the proceedings and, in particular, to protect the rights of the defence.”

According to Dr. Mariniello:

 “This request to the Pre-Trial Chamber was not necessary, for a simple reason: because the situation is being referred by the State of Palestine. So, when a State party refers a situation to the Prosecutor, the Prosecutor does not need authorization by the Pre-Trial Chamber.”

The Court’s Jurisdiction

The State of Palestine became a signatory of the Rome Statute in January 2015. By accepting the jurisdiction of the Court, Palestine became a State Party. 

The Pre-Trial Chamber 1 reiterated that Palestine is a State Party, therefore the Court has jurisdiction over its territory. Dr. Mariniello told The Palestine Chronicle: “The Pre-trial Chamber did not only recognize that Palestine is a State, they also stated that the Court’s jurisdiction extends to the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and Gaza. What we feared was a further fragmentation of the Palestinian territory” but, according to the ruling, this was not the case.

A Victory

“It is a landmark decision since all the comments expressed by the legal team representing the Gaza victims have been approved. Therefore, they rejected all the arguments by civil society organizations or even states who were trying to persuade the Court that Palestine is not a State,” Dr. Mariniello added.

Professor Richard Falk, Former UN Special Rapporteur on Palestinian human rights, told Palestine Chronicle TV that the ICC investigation is a “breakthrough”.

“It’s a breakthrough even to consider the investigation, let alone the indictment and the prosecution of either Israelis or Americans that was put on the agenda of the ICC, which led to a pushback by these governments … Israel has denounced the Court as if it is improper to examine any State that claims the matter of geopolitical impunity. So you have a core denial of the rule of law.”

The Narrow Scope

Professor Falk elaborated, 

 “The scope of the investigation is something that is ill-defined, so it is a matter of political discretion,” Professor. Falk said, adding that “the Court takes a position that needs to be cautious about delimiting its jurisdiction and, therefore, it tries to narrow the scope of what it is prepared to investigate. I don’t agree with this view … but it does represent the fact that the ICC, like the UN itself, is subject to immense geopolitical pressure”.

The legal representatives of the ‘Palestinian Victims Residents of the Gaza Strip’ had expressed their concern on behalf of the victims regarding “the ostensibly narrow scope of the investigation into the crimes suffered by the Palestinian victims of this situation.”

The ‘narrow scope of the investigation’ has thus far excluded such serious crimes as Crimes Against Humanity. According to the Gaza legal team, the killing of hundreds and wounding of thousands of unarmed protesters participating in the ‘Great March of Return’ is a crime against humanity that must also be investigated.

The ICC’s jurisdiction, of course, goes beyond Bensouda’s decision to investigate ‘war crimes’ only.

Article 5 of the Rome Statute – the founding document of the ICC – extends the Court’s jurisdiction to investigate the following “serious crimes”:

(a) The Crime of Genocide

(b) Crimes Against Humanity

(c) War Crimes

(d) The Crime of Aggression

It should come as no surprise that Israel is qualified to be investigated on all four points and that the nature of Israeli crimes against Palestinians often tends to constitute a mixture of two or more of these points simultaneously.

That in mind, according to Mariniello,

“The scope of the investigation is not binding for the future. The Prosecutor can decide, at any moment, to include other crimes. We hope it will happen because, otherwise, many victims will never get justice.”

What Now

Mariniello told The Palestine Chronicle,

 “Now, the hard work starts for the legal representatives of the ‘Palestinian Victims Residents of the Gaza Strip’, we cannot lower the guard. We need to work so that the ICC Prosecutor can identify the people responsible for international crimes and their criminal behavior as soon as possible.”

The Prosecutor

The decision that there were sufficient elements to investigate war crimes committed in the Occupied Palestinian Territories was taken by ICC Prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, who is currently nearing the end of her term. 

A new prosecutor should be elected soon.

(Managing Editor of The Palestine Chronicle, Romana Rubeo, composed this report) 

HRW: “Israel” Systematically Repressed Palestinians in 2020

HRW: “Israel” Systematically Repressed Palestinians in 2020

By Staff, Agencies

Human Rights Watch [HRW] says the apartheid “Israeli” regime “systematically repressed and discriminated” against Palestinians last year.

HRW said in a report on the year 2020 that the “Israeli” regime’s practices “far exceeded the security justifications” it often gave.

In the occupied West Bank, including East al-Quds [Jerusalem], the “Israeli” Occupation Forces [IOF] martyred 20 Palestinians and injured at least 2,001 as of October 5, HRW cited figures presented by the United Nations [UN] Office of Coordination for Humanitarian Affairs [OCHA].

“‘Israeli’ authorities have rarely held accountable security forces who used excessive force or settlers who attacked Palestinians,” HRW said.

It also cited the “Jerusalem [al-Quds] Legal Aid and Human Rights Center” as saying that the apartheid  “Israeli” entity held, as of September, the bodies of 67 Palestinians martyred since 2015.

The apartheid “Israeli” regime said in September last year that it would use the bodies of deceased Palestinians as bargaining chips to have the bodies of IOF members purportedly held by resistance factions in Gaza released.

The HRW also criticized the entity’s 13-year-old siege of the Gaza Strip and other restrictions imposed on the Palestinians in the enclave.

“These restrictions, not based on an individualized assessment of security risk, robbed with rare exceptions the 2 million Palestinians living there [the Gaza Strip] of their right to freedom of movement, limited their access to electricity and water, and devastated the economy,” the organization said.

The HRW also denounced the “Israeli” move to tighten the restrictions in August as “unlawful collective punishment.”

The report added that, “Egypt also sharply restricted the movement of people and goods at its Rafah crossing with Gaza.”

The New York-based group also said that the apartheid “Israeli” regime facilitated the further transfer of “Israelis” into settlements constructed in the occupied West Bank, slamming the practice as “a war crime”.

The HRW referred to a report by Peace Now in which the “Israeli” group said the “Israeli” entity last year approved the construction of more settler units in the occupied West Bank – 12,159 as of October 15 –more than in any other year since the group began tracking those statistics in 2012.

More than 600,000 “Israeli” settlers live in over 230 settlements built since the 1967 “Israeli” occupation of the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and East al-Quds.

All “Israeli” settlements are illegal under international law as they are built on occupied land.

The HRW also cited OCHA as saying that the “Israeli” entity demolished 568 Palestinian houses and other structures in the West Bank, including in East al-Quds, as of October 19, 2020, leaving 759 people displaced.

Most buildings were demolished under the pretext of lacking “Israeli” building permits, which are almost never given.

Referring to about 600 checkpoints and other permanent obstacles set up by the entity within the West Bank as of June, the HRW said, “‘Israeli’ forces routinely turn away or humiliate and delay Palestinians at checkpoints without explanation.”

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine 31 December 2020 – 06 January 2021

Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine
31 December 2020 – 06 January 2021
  • Palestinian man killed near “Gush Etzion” Junction, southern Bethlehem, in an alleged stab attack
  • IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem: 30 Palestinians wounded, including 4 children and a paramedic
  • 9 IOF shootings reported at Palestinians and agricultural lands, and 3 times at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 79 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 58 civilians arrested, including 11 children
  • Wide-scale land razing in the West Bank and 4050 trees uprooted; Bethlehem lands’ confiscation decision ratified
  • Occupied East Jerusalem: one house received evacuation order; 6 walls, a water well and a barracks demolished
  • Settler-attacks in the West Bank: 300 trees uprooted; civilians and their properties assaulted
  • IOF established 56 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 2 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints




Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians that are mostly conducted after midnight and in the early morning hours. This week witnessed an escalation in settler attacks, mainly stone throwing at civilian houses and vehicles in the West Bank. Additionally, IOF demolitions of Palestinian homes and properties continued as part of Israel’s de facto annexation and under various pretexts in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

This week, PCHR documented 189 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

IOF killed one Palestinian and wounded 30 civilians, including 4 children and a paramedic in excessive use of force in the West Bank: ‘Ahed ‘Abed al-Rahman Mahmoud Qawqas Ekhlayl (25) from Hebron was killed on 05 January 2021 near “Gush Etzion” Junction in the southern parts of Bethlehem. IOF alleged the victim attempted to stab Israeli soldiers. Moreover, IOF wounded 14 Palestinians, including a child and a paramedic, in its oppression of a peaceful protest in Deir Jarir – Ramallah; 8 others sustained wounds in IOF attack on Kafr Qaddum weekly protest in Qalqilya; another child was injured in IOF attack on another protest in northern Qalqilya; and three sustained wounds, including a father and son, near the Annexation Wall in Jenin. Also, another Palestinian from Hebron was shot from a close distance by Israeli soldiers without any threat to their security; his injury resulted in complete paralysis.

In the Gaza Strip, 9 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands, and three times at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 79 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 58 Palestinians were arrested, including 11 children.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Khan Younis.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 9 incidents, including:

  • Occupied East Jerusalem: house floor self-demolished; evacuation decision issued against a house in Silwan; 6 walls, a well and a barracks were demolished in Anata.
  • Nablus: construction vehicle detained in Rujeib.
  • Salfit: 550 trees razed in Biddya; 300 dunums razed and 3500 trees uprooted in Deir Ballut.
  • Bethlehem: Israel ratifies land confiscation for settlement expansion; agricultural room demolished in al-Khader.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 16 settler-violence incidents:

  • Salfit: 300 trees uprooted, and a notice of land confiscation placed; sand and blocks put in a land in Deit Ballut.
  • Nablus: attacks on the streets and stones thrown at vehicles passing by the entrance of “Homesh” settlement; assaults with stones on civilian houses in Huwara where a Palestinian woman sustained wounds; attacks on Ramallah – Nablus road damaging a journalist’s vehicle; al-Khan area assaulted and an attempted confiscation of the area.
  • Qalqilya: attacks and stone throwing on the main street near Kafr Qaddum.
  • Hebron: civilians and farmers assaulted in southern Yatta.
  • Bethlehem: sewage water flooded lands in Husan village on wide-scale.

 Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

      I. Shootings and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity
  • At approximately 13:45 on Thursday, 31 December 2020, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Abu Safiyia area, northeast of Jabalia refugee camp in northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at the border area; no causalities or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 15:45, IOF stationed in the memorial site, southeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at the border area, causing fear among Palestinian farmers; no causalities or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 01:40 on Friday, 01 January 2021, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. Meanwhile, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stoned and empty bottles at Israeli vehicles. Israeli soldiers stepped out of the military vehicles, stationed between residential houses and fired teargas canisters and sound bombs at stone-throwers. As a result, many of Palestinian young men suffocated due to teargas inhalation. Clashes continued until 03:00 and IOF withdrew later; no raids to houses were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00, a peaceful protest took off in front of Beit Dajan village council, east of Nablus, north of the West Bank, at the call of the villagers and with the participation of the National Action Factions in Nablus, towards lands under the threat of confiscation, east of the village. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers, annexation wall and deal of the century. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. The protestors chanted slogans again against the Israeli occupation and settlers. IOF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 11:30, a peaceful protest took off in front of Deir Jarir village council, northeast of Ramallah, in the center of the West Bank, at the call of the villagers and with the participation of the National Action Factions in the area, towards lands under the threat of confiscation and in protest to the establishment of new settlement outposts in al-Shurfa area, where Israeli settlers set up a tent and conducted excavation works on the village’s agricultural lands. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers, annexation wall and deal of the century. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. The protestors performed the Friday prayer on the lands under the threat of confiscation while Israeli soldiers surrounding them. Following the Friday prayer, the protestors chanted slogans again against the Israeli occupation and settlers. IOF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, 14 protestors, including a paramedic and a child, were wounded; 2 were shot with rubber bullets, while the rest sustained teargas canisters shrapnel wounds and received treatment on the spot. The wounded were:
  • The paramedic Ahmed Mohammed ‘Alawi (25), shot with a rubber bullet in his foot;
  • A 20-year-olf male, shot with a rubber bullet in his head.

Both of them were taken to Silwad Medical Center for treatment. Also, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.

  • Around the same time, a group of Palestinian young men gathered in the eastern outskirts of Kafr Malik village, near ‘Ein al-Samiyia area, northeast of Ramallah. The Palestinian young men threw stones at IOF stationed at the entrance to ‘Ein al-Samiyia area, which is closed with sand berms. IOF fired heavy sound bombs and teargas canister at the stone-throwers and chased them between agricultural fields. As a result, many stone-throwers suffocated due to teargas inhalation; no arrests among them were reported.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinian young men. IOF chased Palestinian young men gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, 8 protestors, including 2 children, were shot with rubber bullets and another protestor was shot with a teargas canister.
  • At approximately 13:30, Haroun Rasmi Yousef Abu ‘Arram (23), was shot with a live bullet in his neck from the left side by an Israeli soldier when he attempted to prevent IOF from confiscating an electric generator in Kherbet al-Rakiz, east of Yatta city, south of Hebron. According to investigations conducted by PCHR’s fieldworker, at approximately 13:00 on Friday, 01 January 2021, IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet al-Rakiz, east of Yatta City, south of Hebron, and stationed near Ashraf Khalil Abu ‘Arram’s (39) house. The Israeli Civil Administration officers raided and a searched a cave, where Abu ‘Arram lives, in addition to a tin-plate barrack used for breeding livestock.

The Israeli Civil Administration officers confiscated an electric generator and other tools. When Abu ‘Arram attempted to stop them, an Israeli Civil Administration officer beat him with a gun butt in the left side of his head , pushed him to the ground and kicked him in his back and abdomen. In the meantime, Rasmi Yousef Abu ‘Arram, who lives 150 meters away, arrived at the area and intervened to prevent the Civil Administration officers from confiscated the electric generator, but they assaulted him and pushed him to the ground. Meanwhile, Haroun’s brother also arrived at the area on the same time and attempted to help his father and withdraw the generator. The hand-to-hand combat continued for 3 minutes, during which, an Israeli soldier fired 2 live bullets from 2 meters distance; a live bullet wounded Haroun in his neck, so he fell on the ground. Haroun’s mother and father started to scream, meanwhile, Ashraf quickly drove his relative vehicle in order to take Haroun to a medical center in Yatta city. In the meantime, an Israeli soldier opened fire at the vehicle and punctured its rear tires. Al-Tawana villagers arrived at the area and IOF fired live bullets at them, forcing them to flee. The al-Tawana villagers managed to take Haroun via a vehicle which passed on al-Tawana village road. When they arrived at al-Karmil village intersection, Israeli soldiers attempted to stop them, but the vehicle’s driver did not obey the soldiers’ orders. Haroun arrived at a medical center in al-Karmil village, where he received first aid. After that, Haroun was transferred via an ambulance to Abu al-Hasan al-Qasem Hospital in Yatta city and was admitted to the emergency department at 15:30. The doctors stopped the bleeding and referred him to al-Ahli Hospital in Hebron, where he was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). According to medical sources at al-Ahli Hospital, Haroun was shot with a live bullet in the left side of his neck, causing fractures and laceration in his backbone. Haroun’s four limbs are paralyzed.

  • At approximately 14:25, IOF stationed at “Eyal Crossing”, which is established in northern Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinian young men. IOF chased the young men, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canister at them; a 15-year-old child was shot with a rubber bullet in his right foot.
  • At approximately 20:10, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Islamic Shuhada Cemetery, and off Abu Safiyia area in eastern and northeastern Jabalia refugee camp, opened sporadic fire at the border area and fired flare bombs in the sky; no causalities or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 06:00 on Sunday, 03 January 2021, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis, opened fire at agricultural lands, east of Khuzaʽa village; no causalities were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Sinjil village, north of Ramallah, and stationed in the western neighborhood. IOF pushed Maher Ahmed ‘Awashrah (10) while he was on his way to the market. As a result, he sustained bruises in his back and neck and received treatment in a medical center in Turmus Ayya village.
  • At approximately 20:25, Israeli gunboats stationed off Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, and off al-SudaniyiaShore, west of Jabalia refugee camp, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 2 nautical miles, opened heavy fire around them and fired flare bombs in the sky, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00 on Monday, 04 January 2021, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Tulkarm, chased stone-throwers and fired sound bombs at them. IOF also raided Dr. Thabet Hospital at 03:10 and fired sound bombs in the hospital, under the pretext that the stone-throwers were hiding there, causing fear among patients, their companions and medical staff. The Palestinian Ministry of Health stated that IOF raided the mentioned hospital and fired 4 sound bombs inside it; a sound bomb in the reception and 3 others in the emergency yard, causing fear and panic among the patients, especially children and elderlies. The ministry emphasized that 81 patients are receiving treatment at the hospital, including 10 premature babies in the nursery department, 5 children in the pediatrics department, 7 patients in the ICU, 13 patients in the obstetrics department, in addition to 39 medical and health staff.
  • At approximately 03:20, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Aqabat Jaber refugee camp, southwest of Jericho. IOF were deployed in the camp and patrolled its streets. During which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at IOF, who fired sound bombs, teargas canisters, rubber bullets at the protestors and clashed with them. As a result, a 19-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his leg, and a 23-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his thigh. Both of them were taken to Jericho Governmental Hospital.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Maghazi and Bureij refugee camps, in the center of the Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands; no causalities were reported.
  • At approximately 07:30, Israeli gunboats stationed off Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, opened heavy fire around them, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:50, Israeli gunboats stationed off Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, opened heavy fire around them, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed near the annexation wall, near al-Mariha and Daher al-‘Abed villages, west of Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, opened fire at Palestinian workers who attempted to enter Israel via the annexation wall halls. As a result, 3 civilians, including a father and his son, were wounded and taken to Dr. Khalil Suliman Governmental Hospital in Jenin.
  • Around the same time, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into al-Dawara area, east of Sa’ir village, north of Hebron. IOF were deployed between residential houses. After that, they indiscriminately fired sound bombs at Palestinians’ houses, under the pretext that they were exposed to stone-throwing. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation. At 20:30, IOF withdrew from the village.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF indiscriminately fired teargas canisters at Palestinians’ houses in al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, under the pretext that a military watchtower established adjacent to the camp’s entrance was exposed to stone-throwing. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 23:45, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, southeast of Beit Hanoun, east and northeast of Jabalia refugee camp, opened heavy fire at border area; no causalities or damage were reported.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Tuesday, 05 January 2021, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched ‘Abed al-Rahman Mohammed Jawabra’s (62) house in ‘Ereq al-Latoun area and withdrew later. No arrests were reported. During IOF withdrawal from the village, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at IOF vehicles. A number of Israeli soldiers stepped out of the vehicles and fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. At approximately 03:00, IOF withdrew from the village.
  • At approximately 11:00, dozens of Palestinians and foreigner activists organized a peaceful protest in lands under the threat of confiscation in al-Jomjoma area, east of Halhul city, north of Hebron. The activists brought olive seedlings and planted them. Meanwhile, IOF arrived at the area and fired teargas canisters and sound bombs at the protestors. As a result, many protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation. IOF also uprooted the olive seedlings, declared the area as a closed military zone and threatened to arrest anyone present in the area. It should be noted that the protest was organized after an Israeli settler set up a tent in al-Jomjoma area a week ago.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF stationed near “Gush Etzion” intersection, south of Bethlehem, killed ‘Ahed ‘Abed al-Rahman Mahmoud Qawqas Ekhlayl (25), from Hebron, with several live bullets under the pretext that he attempted to carry out a stabbing attack. IOF stated that Ekhlayl approached a checkpoint, where a number of Israeli soldiers stationed, in front of “Gush Etzion” petrol station, and carried an ax. IOF also claimed that when they ordered him to stop, he refused, so IOF opened fire at him. IOF in its statement stated that: “ there was an attempt to carry out a stabbing attack near “Gush Etzion” intersection, and the suspect was neutralized.” In addition, Israeli media claimed that another young man was accompanied Ekhlayl, but he managed to escape. It should be noted that Israeli authorities did not publish any video to prove their claims or to show the threat that Ekhlayl posed to the soldiers, especially that “Gush Etzion” intersection is a fortified area, full of advanced surveillance cameras and military watchtowers, and settlement guards are heavily deployed in it. Israel Hayom Newspaper published that the settlement guard opened fire at Ekhlayl. PCHR’s staff continue to investigate the incident, as no Palestinian eyewitnesses were available so far.
  • PCHR also notes that the soldiers could use less lethal force against Ekhlayl such as wounding or arresting him instead of killing him, because he was walking on his feet and did not have a firearm. Following the incident, IOF closed the main street (367), which connects between Bethlehem and Hebron, and established many checkpoints in “Gush Etzion” intersection, causing jam traffic. It should be noted that Ekhlayl was a resident of Safa area in Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, and he had opened a sweets shop in the village less than a month ago. IOF summoned his father and uncles to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service “Shin Bet” for investigation.
  • At approximately 14:35 on Tuesday, 05 January 2021, IOF stationed in (16) military site, northeast of Beit Hanoun village, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds who approached the fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee; no causalities or damage were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on Monday, 04 January 2021, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Bureij refugee camp, in the center of the Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 04:00 on Wednesday, 06 January 2021, IOF moved into Aqabat Jaber refugee camp, southwest of Ramallah. They were deployed between residential houses. In the meantime, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at IOF, who chased the stone-throwers and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, a 20-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his foot and was treated on the spot. Also, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 14:35, IOF stationed in a military site (16), northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds who approached the fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties of material damage were reported.




       II. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 31 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Qalqilya and Kafr Thulth, east of Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Fo’ad Na’eem Jitawi (22), and Omar Ayman Shawahna (19).
  • At approximately 02:55, IOF moved into Nur Shams refugee camp and Anabta village, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Oday Samer Jaber (23), who is a former prisoner, Sa’eed Izzat Jaber (22), and Ahmed Tareq al-Nimri (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Dheesha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians after beaten them. The arrestees are: Ibrahim Munir Arafa (26), Haidar Izzat Abu Dayya (23), and Ahmed Tawfiq Tayeh (33).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Saf street in Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ahmed Rebhi al-Haremi’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah, and stationed at al-Iskan street. They deployed between civilians’ houses, while dozens of soldiers stormed a 4-storey building, included 6 apartments, and stormed and searched Omar Abdul Raheem al-Barghouthi’s (29) apartment, which is in the ground floor, and arrested him. IOF also raided and searched the houses of Ali al-Ka’ba and Mohannad al-Rayyan.

Haya al-Barghouthi, Omar’s cousin, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

My husband and I woke up to loud noise in our building; we went out of our apartment to see a number of the Israeli soldiers and border guards in the third floor with the building owner, Shadi. They were shouting loudly “where is al-Barghouthi”, and asked Shadi about Omar’s apartment, and headed there, immediately detonating the front door. Omar lived alone, as his wife was travelling abroad. I asked the soldiers to go and wake Omar up, but they refused and stormed his apartment and started beating him and insulting him, then they handcuffed him and took him to their military vehicle. At approximately 08:00, Saif, Omar’s brother, received a phone call from an Israeli Intelligence Services’ officer, and told him that Omar is in a critical health condition and he was taken to Hadassah Medical Center in Israel, and that the soldiers hit him on his head and all over his body, which caused wounds, bruises, and loss of consciousness”.

  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Beit Ummar, Hebron, Sa’eer, and al-Shuyukh villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 01 January 2021:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Eyad Hasan Abu Obaid’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, arrested Khalil Mo’een Fawzi Mousa (27), from Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 11:30, IOF arrested Eyad Mohammed al-Jo’ba (27), while present near al-Silsila gate, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s Gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.
  • In the evening hours, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Deir Istiya, north of Salfit. They took the measures of the location and withdrew.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Tarqumiyah and al-Shuyukh in Hebron governorate; Haris village, north of Salfit; Kafr Laqif, Sir and Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 02 January 2021:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Zububa village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Suliman Amarna (19).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed at al-Harayiq area. They raided and searched Tareq Anwar Da’eis’s (41) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed at “Eyal” military checkpoint, established in the north of Qalqilya, arrested Ahmed Mahmoud Ayyash (16) and Anis Mohammed Abu Tayba (17).
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Alaa al-Haddad’s (11) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to ‘Ammar Mahmoud Thawabta (15) and Ahmed Jamal Taqateqa (16) and arrested them.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Halhul, Beit Kahil, and Nuba villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 03 January 2021:

  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Jaba’ village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ahmed Mohammed Alawna (21).
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Diya’ Mohammed Obaid’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF reinforced with dozens of military vehicles moved into Deir Nidham village, northwest of Ramallah governorate, after throwing stones at an Israeli settler’s car in the street adjacent to “Halamish” settlement, where the settler suffered serious wounds, according to the Israeli media. However, the Israeli vehicles, IOF, the border guards and the Israeli infantry units surrounded the village and closed the main and western entrances of the village. IOF fired sound bombs and teargas canisters, causing fear and panic among civilians. Meanwhile, they raided and searched dozens of houses and arrested (20) civilians including two children in the main street and detain them for 3 consecutive hours under the investigation. Lately, IOF released 17 civilians while kept the two children and the young man under arrest and took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees are: Sajed Abdul Ghani al-Khateeb (17), Mohammed Kheir al-Tamimi (17), and Osama Firas al-Tamimi (18), who is a student at Birzeit University. IOF established a tent near the main entrance and confiscated all the surveillances cameras of the houses and stores.
  • At approximately 18:00, the Israeli bulldozer combed al-Ein land, near “Wad Rayya”, adjacent to the village, they raided and searched several houses and continued closing the entrances and some streets, then stormed the village and the houses again until Monday’s evening, 04 January 2021.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Yazan (25), and his brother, Islam Kamel Abu Shamla (18).
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Sanniriya and Azun, east of Qalqilya; Sa’ir, Bani Na’im, Samu and Dura, in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 04 January 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Surif, west of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Hadi Mahmoud Ghunaimat (30), and Fadi Mousa Ghunaimat (29).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron. They raided and searched four houses and arrested (4) civilians; Hussam Hasan Abu Hussain (32), Miqdad Abdullah al-Qawasmah (38), Abdul Aziz Abu Sunaina (34), and Mohammed Hamed al-Rajabi (29).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nablus, from its southern side, Jabal al-Tur, north of the West Bank, and stationed at Nablus’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Alaa Nidal Abu Shamla (25).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Jannata village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Abdul Rahman Sa’eed al-‘Arouj’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:20, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Jericho. They raided and searched Hasan Shaker Ballou’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians including a child; Abdul Rahman al-Bashiti (16), Zakariya al-Bakry (19), and Mustafa Abu Sunaina (18).
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians, including a child; Hamza Abu Ghannam (19), Fadi Abu Ghannam (17), and Mohammed Abu Sbaitan (22).
  • IOF carried out (1) incursion in Ein al-Sultan refugee camp, in the western side of Jericho. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 05 January 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Eyas Hussain Obaid’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Nablus, entering it from the northern side by checkpoint (17), and stationed in Baker street and Kallet al-Amud neighborhood, northeast of the village. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Yaser al-Madmouj (28), and took him to Millennium Technology Company, where he works. It should be noted that the company’s owner was arrested on 21 December 2020.
  • At approximately 01:40, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Tulkarm refugee camp. They raided and searched Ra’ed Mohammed Qawzah’s (50) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Zeita Jamma’in village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Zakariya Ahmed Rayyan (51) and Jom’a Mahmoud Ramadan (53).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Batin al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Harbi Abdul Samea’ Abu Subaih (43) and his brother, Wajdi (39), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF stationed on the main entrance to Nabi Saleh village arrested Ahmed al-Rimawy (32) and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Tubas, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses, only 3 of the houses were identified; Oday al-Shahrouri, Munir and his brother Omar Foqaha, and interrogated the civilians, and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Sami al-Fakhouri’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF signed to guard the annexation wall west of Rummanah village, west of Jenin, arrested Kareem Ahmed al-‘Ammour (28), while present near the wall. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into ‘Anin village, west of Jenin. They threatened to destroy and set fire to street carts that were previously served removal notices.
  • IOF carried out 2 incursions in Deir Ballut and Sarta in western Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 06 January 2021:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Nablus, from its eastern entrance. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Subhi Tabanja (38), from Khallat al-‘Amud, southeast of Nablus; and Omar Eyad Staitiya (26), from Zawata village, west of Nablus.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beita, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Yousef Musbah Abu Mazen (23), a water technician employee in Beita municipality.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahil in northern Hebron and raided Mohammed Assafra’s (30) house. They searched and ransacked through the house before arresting Assafra and taking him with them.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Alqa al Fawqa, southern Hebron and raided Ahmed Dodeen’s (40) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Deir Nidham village, northwest of Ramallah. They deployed between civilians houses, raided and searched Ragheb Mohammed al-Tamimi’s (18) house, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF reinforced with several military and construction vehicles moved 100 meters into Al Fukhkhari, eastern Khan Younis. They razed the area for hours and then withdrew.
III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 08:00 on Friday, 01 January 2021, IOF accompanied with military bulldozers moved into Khelet ‘Elian in Biddya village, west of Salfit. IOF started leveling 550 fruitful trees and retaining walls as well as the fence wires surrounding the land belonging to the heirs of Yousef Salim, ‘Abdel Rahim Salim and Mohammed Salim.

The landowners said that land razing had wiped off the agricultural field that was funded by the International Relief, inflecting a loss of ILS 300,000.  It should be noted that that was the second time the project was destroyed, and the trees uprooted.

Youssef Kamel Youssef Salamah said that:

“IOF moved into the area and closed the entrances, denying citizens and journalists’ access to it.  IOF leveled all the olive, almond, grape and fig trees my cousins and I had planted in a joint project funded by the International Relief.  The uprooted  trees included around 250 olive trees, 100 grapevines, 100 almond trees and 100 fig trees.  We also bought huge amount of sand and brought workers and vehicles to work in the land.”

  • On Saturday morning, 02 January 2021, Amjad Ja’abees self-demolished a concrete slab he built on his land in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, and removed the steel-wired fence surrounding the land, pursuant to the Israeli Municipality’s decision under the pretext of unlicensed construction.

Ja’abees said that last October, he established a concrete slab as a prelude to build a small house on a plot of land he inherited from his family in Jabel Mukaber village.  Ja’abees added that the Israeli Municipality instantly warned him to self-demolish the slab and remove the fence surrounding his land.  However, when he did not obey, the Municipality handed him an administrative decision signed by the Israeli Ministry of Interior regarding the slab and gave him only 7 days to implement the decision; otherwise, the Municipality crews will carry out the demolition and fine him with the costs.  Ja’abees said that the Israeli Municipality previously reject his request for the land use regulation and to have construction license, and this applies to all the surrounding plots of land in the area.

  • On Sunday morning, 03 January 2021, the High Planning Council (HPC) ratified confiscation of Land plots in different areas of Bethlehem to allocate them to settlements.

Hasan Breijiyah, Head of the Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission in Bethlehem said that the Israeli authorities had ratified the allocation of the following land plots for settlement expansion: Land plot no. (8) in al-Shefa and Wad al-Hendi areas in al-Khader village; Land plot no. (1) in Artas village; Land plot no. (4) in ‘Arab Ta’amra and Land plot no. (5) in al-Morouj area.  Breijiyah added that in the morning IOF handed ‘Ali Salim Mousa from al-Khader village a notice to stop construction works in Jabel Abu Sodah area allegedly for being located in an archaeological area.

  • In the afternoon, IOF handed Nizam Abu Romouz a decision to vacate his family house in Batn al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, in favor of settlers.

Abu Romouz Family said that the evacuation decision was issued in absentee in 2016 when court hearings were held in absentee to deliberate the status of the estate without notifying or summoning the family to attend the court or even handing them any judicial notices in this regard.  The family added that the court fined them ILS 7,000 for the court and the settlers’ lawyer fees.  The family also said that they will file an urgent appeal to the District Court’s evacuation decision, denying receiving any judicial notice to seize the land where the estate is established.  It should be noted that the family estate is comprised of 3 floors and shelters 3 families.  The estate is within the “Ateret Cohanim” settlement organization’s plans to seize 5 dunums and 200 sqm from the Central quarter in Batn al-Hawa neighborhood under the pretext of being a Jewish ownership since 1881 as ruled by the Israeli Supreme Court.  It is also noteworthy that 87 families live in the plot of land under the threat of confiscation and evacuation.

  • On Monday morning, 04 January 2021, IOF demolished 6 fences, a water well and an agricultural barrack in ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of unlicensed construction.

Mayor of ‘Anata village, Taha al-Refa’ie, stated that the Israeli Municipality’s vehicles started demolishing a fence belonging to Mohammed al-Bayaa’ and another fence as well as a 40 sqm agricultural barrack and a water well belonging to Jamal ‘Alqam in al-Nejmah neighborhood in eastern ‘Anata near the industrial area.  The demolition came after a week of handing both civilians  demolition notices allegedly for unlicensed construction. Al-Refa’ie added that the Municipality crews demolished 3 more fences in al-Rahinah area belonging to Isma’il Shihah, ‘Othman Abu ‘Omer, Rami Hamdan, and Mahmoud Ahmed Ibrahim and another belonging to Mohammed Helwah in al-Thaher area.  Al-Refa’ie said that the Municipality crews distributed many demolition notices in the nearby area and withdrew.

  • In the same morning, IOF demolished an agricultural room belonging to Lutfi Salah in al-Khader village, west of Bethlehem, under the pretext of unlicensed construction.

Salah said that an Israeli military force raided his land and demolished the room and confiscated its contents, including chairs and water tanks used for irrigation.  Salah added that the demolition was carried out without any prior notification, noting that such tin-roofed rooms do not need a license as it is used for agricultural and storing purposes.

  • At approximately 11:30 on Tuesday, 05 January 2020, IOF accompanied with a Civil Administration SUV moved into Rujeib village, southeast of Nablus, northern West Bank.  They confiscated a bulldozer belonging to Majed Ibrahim ‘Abed Dweikat while working in an under-construction house in Khelet Rajeh area, northeast of Rujeib village, and arrested the driver.  IOF took the driver and the bulldozer to “Huwara” military camp, southeast of Nablus, and later released the driver but kept the bulldozer under custody allegedly for illegal construction work in Area C.
  • At approximately 12:00 on Wednesday, 06 January 2021, IOF backed by 8 bulldozers and tens of SUVs and trucks moved into  Khalet al-‘Abhar Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit, where part of the annexation wall is established on its lands.  IOF leveled a vacant area; around 200 dunums and 3400 olive and olive trees and grapevines planted 5-10 years ago.  IOF also seized a large number of trees after uprooting them.  These leveled lands belong to ‘Ezat Mousa, heirs of Husni ‘Issa Mousa and ‘Abdullah Mousa. 

IOF also handed 5 new notices to the nearby lands’ owners to vacate them as a prelude to confiscate them in favor of settlement expansion.

While land-razing, IOF attacked and beat up the owners of the leveled lands, including Mohammed Husni Mousa and ‘Aisha ‘Abdullah Mousa.

Settler attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property

  • On Thursday morning, 31 December 2020, a group of settlers from “Rafafa”  attacked a plot of land belonging to the head of the village council, ‘Omer Samarah,  in al-Ta’erat area in Haris village, north of Salfit.  The settlers uprooted around 300 olive trees planted on an area of 14 dunums 14 years ago, without any prior warning.  They also left a notice in a plot of land belonging to Khaled Mohammed ‘Ali Shamlawi in the same area, saying that this land is owned by the state and giving the owners 45 days to appeal.
  • At approximately 20:00 on Thursday, 31 December 2020, settlers rioted at the entrance of “Homish” settlement that was vacated in 2005 and established on the lands of Burqa and Silat ad-Dhahr villages, northwest of Nablus.  They also threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles traveling on Nablus-Jenin Street, but no damage was reported.
  • At approximately 21:55 on the same day, a group of settlers from “Yitsahar” settlement established on Nablus lands threw stones at civilian houses in Huwara village, southeast of Nablus.  As a result, Mo’ataz ‘Ezat Qasrawi’s house windows were broken and his wife, Lina Hasan ‘Awad ‘Odah (34) was injured with a stone in her right leg when she was in her bedroom in the first floor of the 2-storey house while her 4 children and husband were in the second floor of the house. 
  • At approximately 22:00, settlers from ” Shiloh” and “Eli” settlement established on the villages of Qaryout and al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya, southeast of Nablus, threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles traveling on Nablus-Ramallah Street.  As a result, a car belonging to Salim ‘Abdel ‘Aziz Salim Bsharat, Palestine TV photojournalist in Tubas, sustained damage; the right door window and mirror were broken while the front and right side sustained damage.
  • On Friday morning, 01 January 2021, settlers from “Leshem” settlement attacked a plot of land belonging to Ya’qoub Hadrous in Khelet Mathar area in Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.  The settler added tons of sand piles on the land, burying the olive trees there, without any prior notice or warning.

‘Omer Ya’qoub Hadrous said that:

“On Friday morning, we found settlers from Leshem settlement transferring piles of sand into my land in Khelet Mathar area, east of Deir Ballut village. We informed the Liaison, and the settlement guardian came after we refused what was going on.  He told the workers who were transferring the piles, “wait until I make a phone call to know if this land belongs to the state or what.”  He made the phone call and immediately ordered them to stop the transfer into this land because it belongs to ‘Omer and not a state property. This talk occurred after they completely covered the land with around 1.5 meter sand and construction remnants, and even if I cleaned it, the land won’t return as it was because it was all ruined.  This means that all the olives were damaged and the land as well.”

  • At approximately 16:55 on Friday, 01 January 2021, a group of settlers from “Shvut Rachel” settlement established on the lands of southeastern al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya village  attacked and tried to seize al-Khan area.  A number of citizens immediately gathered and throw stones at the settlers to force them to go back.  It should be noted that al-Khan is an ottoman site which IOF has been trying to seize for a while.
  • At approximately 18:30, a group of settlers from “Kedumim” settlement gathered on the main street near Kafr Qaddum village in Qalqilya.  They threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles traveling in the area and closed the main street connecting Qalqilya with Nablus to perform religious rituals in the area.
  • At approximately 21:00 on Saturday, 02 January 2021, a group of settlers from ” Beit Yatir” and “Susya” settlements attacked members of al-Nawaj’ah family while plowing their land in Um Lakhous area, south of Yatta, southern Hebron.  The settlers attempted to stop the tractors despite the Israeli court’s decision to prevent settlers from entering that land.  Clashes occurred between the settlers and citizens while IOF patrols and Israeli Civil Administration crews arrived to force settlers leaving the land.
  • At approximately 19:00 on Sunday, 03 January 2021, a group of settlers from the Israeli “Hilltop Youth” group called for protests at the intersections of the main streets  used by the Palestinians.  An hour later, large groups of settlers gathered at the intersections of Adam, northeastern Jerusalem; “Yitsahar” and “Ma’ale Efrayim”, southwestern Nablus; Bypass 60 Ofra; “Pisgat Yahuda” Street on Ramallah-Nablus Street, “Nof Hasharon” settlement; Jit Sarra, southwestern Nablus; and “Shiloh” and “Eli” settlements, southeastern Nablus.  The settler rioted at the intersections and threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles traveling there.
  • At approximately 03:00 on Monday, 04 January 2021, a group of settlers from “Brukhin” settlement moved into Sarta village, west of Salfit.  They threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles and houses, breaking windows of cars belonging to Sa’id Sarsour, Mukhtar ‘Abdullah Sarsour, Mustafa Ibrahim al-Khatib, Mohammed Hisham Sarsour and Ma’zouz Sarsour.  Moreover, wheels belonging of a bulldozer belonging to Youssef Mohammed al-Khatib were punctured.
  • In the morning, settlers from “Beitar Illit” settlement established on the Palestinian lands of Husan, Nahalin and Wadi Fukin villages, southwest Bethlehem, flooded sewage into vacant areas of lands in Husan village, west of the city. 

Husan Village Council stated that settlers flooded sewage into vacant areas of lands planted with grapevines and olive trees, inflecting huge losses and damage in these lands.  The Council added that such attacks are constant as settlers often pump wastewater into Palestinian-owned lands in the villages of Husan, Jab’a, Nahalin and Wadi Fukin.

  • At approximately 19:00, dozens of Israeli settlers gathered on Street no. (1) in central occupied East Jerusalem and closed it, starting to attack Palestinian vehicles and passers-by.

Eyewitnesses said that settlers closed the abovementioned street and nearby Musrara Street and set fire to tires.  They then threw stones at passers-by and Palestinian vehicles, causing damage to them.

  • At approximately 20:00, settlers from “Hilltop Youth” group rioted the streets and threw stones at different intersections, particularly Soliman al-Faresi “Yitzhar” intersection in Huwara village, southeast of Nablus (the entrance to Yitzhar); Beit El Camp Road; Route 60 between Hizma and Jaba’ on Ramallah-Nablus Highway; and al-Nabi Younis intersection in Hebron.
  • At approximately 22:00, dozens of Israeli settlers on Jerusalem-Hebron Street protested near Gush Etzion settlement intersection for the third week consecutively.

Eyewitnesses said that settlers under IOF protection raised slogans calling for Arabs to leave and closed the main streets before Palestinian vehicles.  The settlers threw stones at the vehicles, causing severe damage to them.

  • At approximately 19:00 on Tuesday, 05 January 2021, a group of settlers from “Hilltop Youth” group rioted and threw stones at different intersections, particularly at the entrance to Homish settlement on Jenin-Nablus Road, northwest of Nablus; Soliman al-Faresi “Yitzhar” intersection in Huwara village, southeast of Nablus (the entrance to Yitzhar); Za’atara checkpoint intersection; at the entrance to “Shilo” settlement, southeast of Nablus; Kedumim intersection and completely closed it, southeast of Qalqiliya; and at the entrance to Jurat ash-Sham’a village between “Efrat” settlement and Teqoa on Hebron Road. However, no injuries were reported.
  • On Wednesday morning, 06 January 2021, settlers from “Amihai” settlement established on Jalud village, southeast of Nablus, uprooted and stole 150 olive seedlings from Mahmoud Fawzi Haj Mohammed’s land in Ma’aser Ghzayel area, 100 meters away from the abovementioned settlement.
 IV. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West Bank:

In addition to 108 permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 56 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 31 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 31 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint near the entrance to Ofra settlement, which is established in northeast of Ramallah.
  • On Saturday, 02 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Taybeh village.
  • On Sunday, 03 January 2021, IOF closed Wadi al-Dalb road, which leads to Ras Karkar village, west of Ramallah. IOF also established a checkpoint at the main entrance to the village. They also closed the metal detector gate established at the entrance to Aboud village and established a military checkpoint at the entrance to Nabi Salih village, northwest of the city.
  • On Monday, 04 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection of Shuqba village and at the entrance to Nabi Salih village, northwest of the city.
  • IOF established three military checkpoints on the northern and southern Jericho entrances, and on al-Mo’arajat road intersection.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 31 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint near Um al-Nashnash intersection, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 01 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Beit Jala village, at the western entrance to Tuqu village and in ‘Aqabet Hassnah area, leading to Bethlehem’s western villages.
  • On Saturday, 02 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, in Kermizan area in Beit Jala village and near Um al-Nashnash intersection, south of the city.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 31 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho for 5 consecutive hours.
  • On Friday, 01 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 02 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho, at the entrance to Al-Auja village, and on al-Mo’arajat road (connecting between Jericho and Ramallah).
  • On Monday, 04 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho and at the entrance to Ein ad-Duyuk village, north of the city.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 31 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection of “Shafi Shimron” settlement and at the entrance to Beita village, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 03 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection of “Shafi Shimron” settlement and at al-Moraba’a intersection.

Tubas:

  • On Saturday, 02 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint in al-Me’yar area, east of ‘Atouf village, southeast of Tubas.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 31 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Yatta city and at the entrance to as-Samu village.
  • On Saturday, 02 January 2021, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Awwa and Idhna villages, at the northern entrance to Halhul city, and at the southern and western entrances to Hebron.
  • On Sunday, 03 January 2021. IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhul city and at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp.
  • On Monday, 04 January 2021, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Ummar, Sa’ir and Jalajel villages, at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp, and at the southern entrance to Halhul city.
  • On Tuesday, 05 January 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Hebron and at the entrances to as-Samu and Beit Ummar villages.
  • On Wednesday, 06 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Fawwar refugee camp, and at the entrances to ad-Dhahiriya and Beit Kahil villages.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 31 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Kafr Laqif and Azzun villages, at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya, and at the entrance to Izbat al-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Friday, 01 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Sunday, 03 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Azzun and to Izbat al-Tabib villages, east of Qalqilya.

Salfit:

  • On Monday, 04 January 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Kafr ad-Dik, Kifl_Haris, Rafat amd Qarawat_Bani_Hassan villages.

“Forbidden Weapons” Used Against Gaza Strip Palestinians. Israel Deliberately Targets Palestinian Civilians

By Dr. Zuhair Sabbagh

Global Research, January 08, 2021

The following research article will explore three forbidden weapons that were and are still being used against the Palestinian civilians of the besieged Gaza Strip. These weapons are the DIME, the Flechette Shells and the Vacuum Bomb. Furthermore, this research article will attempt to answer an important question: Why does Israel deliberately target Palestinian civilians?

The DIME Components

DIME shell stands for Dense Inert Metal Explosives, is supposedly a “low collateral damage” weapon that was developed by the US Air Force.[1] Already in 2006, the DIME weapon has been used by the Israeli army in the Gaza Strip. It has been dropped by Israeli drone aircraft.[2]

It should be pointed out that the chemical components of the DIME shell could not have become known to Palestinian physicians because Israel had destroyed Gaza’s only criminal laboratory on June 27, 2006, the first day of the siege.[3] This is indicative of the Zionist sinister future plans to use forbidden weapons against the Palestinian civilians and to keep the world in the dark including the Palestinians. However, after acquiring help from a group of Italian scientists and investigators, Palestinian physicians became aware of the chemical structure of the DIME shell whose extreme dangerous toxicity Israel was trying to conceal.

On October 19, 2006, a group of

“… Italian investigators had tissue samples from the victims in Gaza analyzed by Dr. Carmela Vaccaio at University Parma. Dr. Vaccaio reportedly found “a very high concentration of carbon and the presence of unusual materials, such as copper, aluminum and tungsten.” The doctor concluded that her “findings could be in line with the hypothesis that the weapon in question is DIME.”[4]

According to the spectrometry analyses of biopsies taken from amputation injuries of Palestinian patients from the Gaza Strip, and carried out by a group of Italian scientists affiliated with the New Weapons Research Committee (NWRC), the DIME shell included a combination of the following seventeen metals: “…aluminum, titanium, copper, strontium, barium, cobalt, mercury, vanadium, caesium, tin, arsenic, manganese, rubidium, cadmium, chromium, zinc and nickel…”[5] The combination of that many metals, including heavy metals, makes the DIME shell an extremely toxic chemical weapon and a highly dangerous one.

It should be pointed out that the “DIME weapons consist of a carbon fiber casing filled with a mixture of explosives and very dense microshrapnel, consisting of very small particles (1–2 mm) or powder of a heavy metal…”[6] When it explodes, DIME bombs blast a superheated “micro-shrapnel” of powdered heavy metal tungsten alloy.[7]

The DIME Health Hazards

The initial reports on the health hazards of the DIME bomb came out few months after Israel began to use it in the summer of 2006.  Dr. Jom’a Al-Saqqa, chief of the emergency unit at Al-Shifa hospital in Gaza, observed that the DIME was “a new ‘chemical’ weapon” and Israeli siege was “a live exercise on a new ammunition that, so far, has resulted in killing 50 Palestinians and injuring 200.” He added that, “despite the damage in internal soft tissue in the bodies of injured people, the fragments were not detected by X-ray. In other words, they had disappeared or dissolved inside the body.”[8]

Dr. Al-Saqqa, a surgeon by profession, continued his observation by adding that “There were usually entry and exit wounds. When the wounds were explored no foreign material was found. There was tissue death, the extent of which was difficult to determine. … A higher deep infection rate resulted with subsequent amputation. In spite of amputation there was a higher mortality.”[9]

Moreover, Dr. Al-Saqqa, added the following observation on the death-causing health impact of the DIME weapon.

“When the shrapnel hit[s] the body, it causes very strong burns that destroy the tissues around the bones…it burns and destroys internal organs, like the liver, kidneys, and the spleen and other organs and makes saving the wounded almost impossible. As a surgeon, I have seen thousands of wounds during the Intifada, but nothing was like this weapon.”[10]

Dr Joma Al-Saqqa, chief of the emergency unit at Gaza’s largest hospital, Al-Shifa added that, “despite the damage in internal soft tissue in the bodies of injured people, the fragments were not detected by X-ray. In other words, they had disappeared or dissolved inside the body.”[11]

Another witnessing surgeon is Dr. Habas al-Wahid, the Palestinian head of the Emergency Unit at Gaza’s Shuhada al-Aqsa hospital. He made the following shocking observation. “Israel’s new weapon “slices” off its victims’ legs, leaving “signs of heat and burns near the point of the amputation”. It’s “as if a saw was used to cut through the bone…”[12]

Due to the penetration of the body by a number of heavy metals, this situation produces “[m]ultiple syndromes of heavy metal poisoning …” in addition it produces “…polycythemia, which can be induced by cobalt overdose.”[13] Polycythemia is “… a type of blood cancer that causes the bone marrow to make too many red blood cells, a health case that thickens the blood, slowing its flow, and a development which may cause serious problems, such as blood clots. Furthermore, Polycythemia produces cancer of the blood and bone marrow, namely acute leukemia.[14]

It should be pointed out that “[t]he whole Gaza population and their environment, including generations yet to be conceived, have been put at risk of serious long-term injury from heavy metal pollution of the air, soil and groundwater (and possibly the seawater too), while the causal pollution is likely to cross state borders into Egypt and even into Israel…”[15]

As a direct result of use by Israel of forbidden chemical weapons, all sorts of cancer cases have increased in the Gaza Strip. The Palestinian Ministry of Health has revealed that in the beginning of 2019, there were 8,515 cancer patients inside the Gaza Strip, including 4,705 women and 608 children. Cancer “Patients’ in the Gaza Strip suffer from the permanent shortage of equipment, drugs and medical supplies as a result of Israel’s stifling 12-year siege of  the enclave.”[16] They also suffer from denial of exit permits to children cancer patients and their companions for treatment abroad.[17] Other cancer patients are denied any medical treatment. According to the World Health Organization “Getting a permit to access the health care needed outside can be a stressful and unpredictable process, and many apply multiple times before being able to exit. Even then, some patients are never able to secure the permits they need to access care”[18]

These health hazards caused by the use of DIME shells by Israel constitute war crimes. The Israeli generals who were responsible for them are among others, Beni Gantz and Gabi Ashkenazi, the leaders of the Blue White Israeli party. Ex-prime minister Ehud Olmert and Ehud Barak, his defense minister are also war criminals. Due to the fact that these war crimes have continued to take place also under the present Israeli government, Benyamin Netanyahu and his defense minister Beni Gantz are also war criminals.

The Flechette Shell Components

The Flechette shell is “…made out of steel and had a very sharp pointy end… For increased aerodynamics, they featured fins on their other end – most likely to increase the speed of descent.”[19] It explodes in the air and releasesapproximately 2,200 flechettes.[20] The metal darts disperse in a conical arch three hundred meters long and about ninety meters wide. It is considered an anti-personnel weapon that is generally fired from a tank.[21] On impact, the Flechette darts are “… capable of penetrating a combatant from head to foot and creating an instantly incapacitating wound…”[22]

One of the hazardous developments that take place is that the “… head of the dart is designed to break away. Having penetrated inside a person, this breakage inflicts a second wound per single dart entry, multiplying the amount of internal damage done by the razor-like darts…”[23]

The Health Hazards of the Flechette Shell

Israel has, numerously, used the Flechette shells in the Gaza Strip. During the war of 2008-2009, Israeli tanks assaulted Palestinian civilians with Flechette shells. There were a number of Palestinian victims of the Flechette shells. The following is the story of two Palestinian medics who were victims of the Flechette shell.

… In the initial shelling that day, Hammad lost his foot when Israeli tanks fired at, according to Hammad, a region filled with terrified civilians fleeing Israeli bombing. His friend Ali was shot in the head while trying to evacuate Hammad. The medics then arrived. Abd al-Dayem and Sarhan had loaded Hammad into the ambulance and were going to retrieve Ali’s body when the flechette shell was fired at the medics and fleeing civilians. Ali was decapitated…[24]

According to Palestinian traditions, parents and relatives of a deceased person usually hold two mourning houses, one for men and another for women. These mourning ceremonies are held outside the house so they can accommodate the largest possible gathering of mourners.

The Palestinian medic Jamal Abd al-Dayem explained what happened at the mourning ceremonies that were held for his late cousin Arafa Abd al-Dayem, the 35-year-old paramedic who died as a result “… of slashes to his lungs, limbs and internal organs.”[25]

After my cousin Arafa was martyred on 4 January, we immediately opened mourning houses, with separate areas for men and women. The next day, at 9:30am the Israelis struck the mourning area where the men were. It was clearly a mourning house, on the road, open and visible. Immediately after the first strike, the Israelis hit the women’s mourning area.” Two strikes within 1.5 minutes, he reported.[26]

The former four Flechette shelling incidents clearly show that the Israeli army is systematically and deliberately targeting Palestinian civilians. They cannot be dismissed as misguided targeting or mistakes. These are repetitive similar shellings of Flechettes that targeted civilians. We should pose the following question. If the Israeli army have on numerous occasions, deliberately targeted civilians, there should be reasons for that.

According to Dr. Bassam al-Masari, a surgeon at Beit Lahiya’s Kamal Adwan hospital, Flechette darts have caused “… more injuries than other bombs precisely because they spread in a larger area. And while the darts appear innocuously small, their velocity and design enable them to bore through cement and bones and “cut everything internal…”[27] Al-Masri added that “… their velocity and design enable them to bore through cement and bones and “cut everything internal…” Accordingly, the prime cause of death is severe internal bleeding from slashed organs, particularly the heart, liver and brain. Brain injuries are the most fatal…[28]

They Target Schools, don’t they?

It is noticeable that, during the past twelve years, Israeli air raids and shelling have targeted a number of civilian facilities inside the Gaza Strip. These facilities included schools, universities, hospitals, medical clinics, mosques, markets, shopping centers, factories, farms, banks, mourning cites, warehouses, a power station, and other essential civilian infrastructure. The following is a partial review of actual incidents.

Hundreds of Palestinian civilians who were forced out from their apartments and houses by the Zionist army, sought refuge inside UNRWA schools thinking that they would be in a safe haven. Nevertheless, Zionist criminal generals thought otherwise.

Author Mike Head reported that, “At least 20 Palestinians were killed and about 90 injured early on Wednesday, including UN workers, when Jabalia Elementary Girls School in Gaza City, which was sheltering 3,300 families, was hit by three artillery shells.”[29] Was it a mistake?

What happened to one UNRWA school was revealed by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon who reported that “… the exact location of this elementary school has been communicated to the Israeli military authorities 17 times…”[30] yet the Israeli army attacked the school and a number of Palestinians were killed and wounded.

Despite this evidence and during the 2014 war, US President Barak Obama claimed to be “extremely concerned” about the killing of people in UN designated shelters. At the same time Obama accused Hamas of hiding weapons in UN facilities.[31] By accusing Hamas of “hiding weapons in UN facilities” he reiterated Zionist lies and provided a justification for Zionist criminal bombing of UNRWA schools.Israel Killed and Injured More Civilians with Explosive Weapons than Any Other State in 2014

Author Vincent Di Stefano reported that until Dec 2010, “Seven schools in Gaza were totally destroyed, and 135 were substantially damaged. The Al-Azhar University of Gaza was reduced to rubble. Hospitals, medical clinics and Red Crescent warehouses were all targeted…”[32]

The author added that

“It was the second attack, and the sixth strike, on a UN school since Israel’s military offensive in Gaza began on July 8. Last week, 15 people died and about 200 were wounded when another UN school, in Beit Hanoun, was hit as the playground was filled with families awaiting evacuation.”[33]

Author Vincent Di Stefano concluded that “…By deliberately targeting UN schools, [Israel] is sending a chilling message: no one in Gaza is safe from ‘Operation Protective Edge.’…”[34]

In another criminal incident, “… three air strikes killed 15 people and injured 150 in a market area on the outskirts of Shujaiyah. As smoke billowed from the initial air strike, witnesses said emergency services and civilians rushed to help the victims, only to be hit by a further two air strikes minutes later.[35] Was this incident a mistake?

In another criminal assault that was reported by the British Guardian, we quote the following.

During the 2009 war, Mounir a Palestinian from the Gaza Strip reported the following story. While he was sitting around with his family drinking tea in their small courtyard, he heard the loud buzzing of an Israeli drone, clearly visible in the sky above. “He went inside for a moment and, as he returned, he saw a ball of light hurtling down toward him. There was a loud explosion and he was thrown backward. He gathered himself and stumbled out into the courtyard, where he saw the scene he says will never leave him.”[36] In his own words, Mounir described what happened to members of his family by saying: “We found Mohammed lying there, cut in half. Ahmed was in three pieces; Wahid was totally burnt – his eyes were gone. Wahid’s father was dead. Nour had been decapitated. We couldn’t see her head anywhere.”[37] Mounir continued by relating. “You cannot imagine the scene: a family all sitting around together and then, in a matter of seconds, they were cut to pieces. Even the next day we found limbs and body parts on the roof, feet and hands,” Mounir says.[38] Was this incident a mistake?

Despite these deliberate criminal incidents, the Israeli colonial army, as well as, Israeli colonial politicians claim that “… the IDF … intensively trained its personnel on the requirements of the Law of Armed Conflict. It delayed, diverted, or refrained from attacks to spare civilian life. It provided numerous and varied types of concrete warnings before launching attacks.”[39] As reported earlier, concrete evidence points to the contrary.

In addition to schools, Israeli military strikes targeted residential and public structures thus producing utter destruction. Author, Patrick O’Conner reported that “…At least 5,000 homes have been destroyed and more than 20,000 damaged, with many urban centers reduced to nothing more than rubble…”[40]

Moreover, Israeli military assaults targeted public structures. “… The parliament and cabinet buildings in Gaza City were destroyed, as was the city’s police headquarters, the Bank of Palestine building, the main university, several mosques…”[41], and six major water wells were damaged or destroyed.[42] In addition, Gaza’s water and electricity networks were destroyed by the Israeli army.[43]

Israeli war crimes that took place in the Gaza Strip during the last three wars was an election issue adopted by former Israeli army chief, Benny Gantz. He produced an election video for his party in which he bragged about killing 1,364 Palestinians and returning parts of the Gaza Strip to the stone ages.[44] Gantz admits responsibility for these war crimes but is ready to use his crimes as means to win the votes of racist Israelis.

Moreover, on Thursday, August 9, 2018 the Said al-Mishal Centre, a cultural center in Gaza housing the region’s second-largest theater, was bombed by Israeli military forces. The five-floor edifice housed a library, an Egyptian community center, offices for cultural associations, and a theater for arts and dabkeh.[45]

As usual, the Zionist army claimed that the center “… was being used by “the Hamas terror organization for military purposes”[46], an evidence that has never been proved.

Moreover, during the war against the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip, Zionist President Shimon Peres met with a delegation from AIPAC, the American Zionist lobby. In his speech to the delegation, Peres admitted that “… Israel’s aim, … was to provide a strong blow to the people of Gaza so that they would lose their appetite for shooting at Israel…”[47] That was a clear admission that the Zionist army deliberately and systematically targets Palestinian civilians.

One here should pause and ask the following question: Why the Israeli military, target Palestinian civilians in its aggressive wars? This is an attempted answer.

In the last three Israeli wars against the Gaza Strip, Israeli shelling deliberately targeted schools including UNRWA schools, market places, mourning houses and packed houses. This policy has been also implemented in Lebanon, and in Egypt during the Israeli bombardments in the seventies. The Israeli sinister logic behind this criminal policy is this: if you maximize civilian losses, civilians will stop backing Hamas or Hizballah. This faulty logic produced a systematic and deliberate policy of “mini” Zionist massacres. The shelling of civilian structures that are fully packed with people cannot be dismissed as mistakes nor as acted out in self-defense. So, the final aim of the Zionist aggressive colonial policy of choosing these targets, is to maximize civilian killings and terrorize the civilian population in order to force civilians to submit to Zionist colonial policies.

Components of the Vacuum Bomb

The Vacuum Bomb, named also the fuel–air explosive (FAE) is a type of explosive that depends on the use of two highly toxic fuels ethylene oxide and propylene oxide.[48] Once they detonate, they use the oxygen from the “… surrounding air to generate a high-temperature explosion. In practice, the blast wave typically produced by such a weapon is of a significantly longer duration than that produced by a conventional condensed explosive…”[49]

Once the Vacuum Bomb explodes,

“… the area around the explosion becomes overpressurized, resulting in highly compressed air particles that travel faster than the speed of sound. This wave will dissipate over time and distance and will exist only for a matter of milliseconds. This initial blast wave inflicts the most damage…”[50]

After explosion,

“… the bomb casing, as well as any additional shrapnel (nails, screws or other items included in the bomb), will be violently thrown outward and away from the explosion. When these fragments strike buildings, concrete, masonry, glass and even people, they may fragment even further — and cause even more damage…”[51]

The developments that immediately take place after the explosion are extremely dangerous because of the intensity in the creation of the vacuum and its immediate refill by the surrounding atmosphere. They were described by the author Tom Scheve in the following manner:

At the explosion site, a vacuum is created by the rapid outward movement of the blast. This vacuum will almost immediately refill itself with the surrounding atmosphere. This creates a very strong pull on any nearby person or structural surface after the initial push effect of the blast has been delivered. As this void is refilled, it creates a high-intensity wind that causes fragmented objects, glass and debris to be drawn back in toward the source of the explosion.[52]

It should be pointed out that chemical structure, the explosions, the consumption of the surrounding oxygen, and the vacuum creation, all lead to a number of health hazards.

Health Hazards of Vacuum Bombs

When it explodes, the Vacuum Bomb, “… predominantly affects the pulmonary, cardiovascular, auditory, gastrointestinal, and central nervous systems…”[53]

Moreover, there are a number of internal injuries that are caused by the health hazards of the vacuum bomb explosion. They could be showed as follows:

…”the effect of an FAE explosion within confined spaces is immense. Those near the ignition point are obliterated. Those at the fringe are likely to suffer many internal, and thus invisible injuries, including burst eardrums and crushed inner ear organs, severe concussions, ruptured lungs and internal organs, and possibly blindness.”[54]

In short, Vacuum Bombs are highly dangerous weapons that should be treated as forbidden weapons that should not be dropped on highly populated localities like the Gaza Strip. Despite this, the consecutive Israeli governments have been using these dangerous weapons against the Palestinian civilians since 2006.

Could It Be Genocide?

Al-Dameer, a Palestinian human rights organization, had published on 20 December 2009  “… another paper in Arabic on the increase in the number of babies born in Gaza with birth defects, thought to be the result of radioactive and toxic materials from Operation Cast Lead.The birth defects included incomplete hearts and malformations of the brain…”[55]

The conglomeration of Zionist war crimes caused by the use of forbidden weapons, the colonial siege of the Gaza Strip, the deliberate undernourishment of the Gazan Palestinians to the point of severe hunger, the criminal colonial Israeli policy of denying medical permits and restricting the importation of medicines to Gaza, the policy of shoot to kill at Gaza’s borders with the Zionist entity – all these policies and war crimes might very likely lead to genocide. But what is genocide according to International Law?

Article II of the Genocide Convention contains a narrow definition of the crime of genocide, which includes two main elements[56]:

    1. A mental element: the “intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such”; and
    2. A physical element, which includes the following five acts, enumerated exhaustively:
  1. Killing members of the group;
  2. Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
  3. Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
  4. Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
  5. Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

Throughout this research article, we have clearly encountered evidence of war crimes in the first four categories. However, the fifth category has not been so far committed by Israel. So, based on this evidence, the Palestinian civilian authorities can submit a demand to the United Nations relevant bodies to force Israel to become accountable for committing these war crimes.

Israel has violated a number of international laws and has violated a number of UN conventions, and resolutions. Due to American hegemony on the Security Council and the use of the veto power Israel was not held accountable for its violations. The Israelis actually admit these violations but they have a criminal way of looking at them. According to the Israeli violators:

If you do something for long enough, the world will accept it. The whole of international law is now based on the notion that an act that is forbidden today becomes permissible if executed by enough countries. … International law progresses through violations. We invented the targeted assassination thesis and we had to push it. At first there were protrusions that made it hard to insert easily into the legal molds. Eight years later, it is in the center of the bounds of legitimacy.[57]

This is the sick logic of settler colonialists that are armed and supported by Western imperialism. The American imperialists not only do that but they obstruct the work of the Security Council to prevent it from holding Israel accountable for its war crimes. However, this misconduct does not make Israel innocent because its war crimes cannot be hidden, forgotten, permitted or deleted. Israeli war crimes are strongly imprinted in the black annals of human history.

*

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Dr. Zuhair Sabbagh teaches sociology at Birzeit University in the colonized West Bank. He is a resident of Nazareth, Palestine. He holds a Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Manchester and is author of a number of books and research articles.

Notes

[1] As quoted by Brooks, James “Starve Them; Shoot Them; then Give Them Cancer: An Inquiry into Israel’s use of DIME weaponry in of the Gaza Strip”, Vermonters for a Just Peace, https://vtjp.org, 22-1-2009

[2] Ma’an News, “Palestinian injuries suggest Israel is using chemical weapons in Gaza”, http://www.maannews.net 7-10-2006 and Shaoul, Jean, “Israel used chemical weapons in Lebanon and Gaza”, Centre for Research on Globalization, http://wsws.org, 24-110-2006. As quoted by Brooks, James, “US and Israel targeting DNA in Gaza? The DIME Bomb: Yet another genotoxic weapon”, Media Monitors Network, http://cosmos.ucc.ie, 4-12-2006

[3] Centre for Research on Globalization/Gulf News, “Israel ’is using chemical ammunition’ in Gaza”, http://www.globalresearch.ca, 13-6-2006. As quoted by Brooks, James “US and Israel targeting DNA in Gaza? The DIME Bomb: Yet another genotoxic weapon”, Media Monitors Network, http://cosmos.ucc.ie, 4-12-2006

[4] Brooks, James, “US and Israel targeting DNA in Gaza? The DIME Bomb: Yet another genotoxic weapon”, Media Monitors Network, http://cosmos.ucc.ie, 4-12-2006

[5] Halpin, David, “Are New weapons Being Used in Gaza and Lebanon”, Electronic Intifada, http://electronicintifada.net, 14-8-2006. As quoted by Lightbown, Richard,  “Israel’s Weapons: A Crime on Humanity”, https://occupiedpalestine.wordpress.com, 1-5-2011.

[6] Wikipedia,” Dense Inert Metal Explosive”, https://en.wikipedia.org. Accessed 5-12-2020

[7] Brooks, James, op. cit.

[8] Al Baik, Duraid, “Israel ’is using chemical ammunition’ in Gaza”Centre for Research on Globalization/Gulf News, http://www.globalresearch.ca, 13-6-2006. As quoted by Brooks, James, “US and Israel targeting DNA in Gaza? The DIME Bomb: Yet another genotoxic weapon”, Media Monitors Network, http://cosmos.ucc.ie, 4-12-2006

[9] Halpin, David, Are New Weapons Being Used In Gaza and Lebanon, Electronic Intifada, http://electronicintifada.net, 14-8-2006 and Palestine News Network, Ministry of Health report on toxic Israeli weapons confirmed by Gaza City medical sources, http://www.pnn.ps, 13-7-2006. As quoted by Brooks, James, “US and Israel targeting DNA in Gaza? The DIME Bomb: Yet another genotoxic weapon”, Media Monitors Network, http://cosmos.ucc.ie, 4-12-2006

[10] “Doctors Report Unusual Weapon Used in Gaza”, Pacifica/Free Speech Radio News,  http://www.pacifica.org, 11-7-2006. As quoted by Brooks, James, “US and Israel targeting DNA in Gaza? The DIME Bomb: Yet another genotoxic weapon”, Media Monitors Network, http://cosmos.ucc.ie, 4-12-2006

[11] Ibid.

[12] “Italian TV: Israel used new weapon prototype in Gaza Strip”, Israeli daily Ha’aretz, 10/19/2006 http://www.haaretz.com, 19-10-2006. As quoted by Brooks, James, “US and Israel targeting DNA in Gaza? The DIME Bomb: Yet another genotoxic weapon”, Media Monitors Network, http://cosmos.ucc.ie, 4-12-2006

[13] Kalinich et al, “Embedded Weapons-Grade Tungsten Alloy Shrapnel Rapidly Induces Metastatic High-Grade Rhabdomyosarcomas in F344 Rats”, Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 113, Number 6, June 2005, http://www.ehponline.org. As quoted by Brooks, James, “US and Israel targeting DNA in Gaza? The DIME Bomb: Yet another genotoxic weapon”, Media Monitors Network, http://cosmos.ucc.ie, 4-12-2006

[14] Mayo Clinic Staff, “Polycythemia vera”, https://www.mayoclinic.org. Accessed on: 1-1-2021

[15] Lightbown, Richard,  “Israel’s Weapons: A Crime on Humanity”, https://occupiedpalestine.wordpress.com, 1-5-2011

[16] Middle East Monitor, “8,515 cancer patients in Gaza “https://www.middleeastmonitor.com, 5-2-2019

[17] Nedaa Alabadla, King-Hadduck, and Kevin, Edward, TEAM FUNDRAISER, “Cancer Patients in the Gaza”, https://www.gofundme.com. ACCESSED 12-12-2020

[18] WHO, “Palestinian cancer patients in Gaza wait months for Israel permits”,  https://www.middleeastmonitor.com, 6-2-2019

[19] Chambers, Jay, “Meet the Flechette – the Deadliest Weapon of World War I?”, https://www.historyandheadlines.com, 22-1-2020

[20] Centaurs in Vietnam, “Rockets”, http://centaursinvietnam.org. Accessed 8-12-2020

[21] Btselem, “Firing of Flechette shell that killed Reuters cameraman violates laws of war”, https://www.btselem.org, 17-4-2008

[22] Sabot Designs LLC, “Flechette Shotgun Amunition”, http://www.sabotdesigns.com. Accessed 8-12-2020

[23] Bartlett, Eva, “Ensuring maximum casualties in Gaza”, The Electronic Intifadahttp://electronicintifada.net, 16-3-2009

[24] Bartlett, Eva, “Ensuring maximum casualties in Gaza”, The Electronic Intifadahttp://electronicintifada.net, 16-3-2009

[25] Ibid.

[26] Ibid.

[27] Ibid.

[28] Ibid.

[29] Head, Mike, “US rearms Israel as its war crimes mount in Gaza”, https://www.wsws.org, 31-7-2014

[30] Ibid.

[31] Ibid.

[32] Di Stefano, Vincent, “And What Rough Beast Slouches Towards Gaza”, https://www.commondreams.org, 25-12-2010

[33] Ibid.

[34] Ibid.

[35] Ibid.

[36] Chassay, Clancy, “Cut to pieces: the Palestinian family drinking tea in their courtyard”, https://www.theguardian.com, 23-3-2009

[37] Ibid.

[38] Ibid.

[39] Cook, William A., Now Israel Is Free to Declare Its Innocence before the International Court of Justice”, http://salem-news.com, 15-4-2011

[40] O’Connor, Patrick , “Reports reveal devastation wreaked by Israeli military in Gaza”, https://www.wsws.org, 20-1-2009

[41] Ibid.

[42] Ibid.

[43] Ibid.

[44] Abunimah, Ali, “Israeli election ad boasts Gaza bombed back to stone ages”, https://electronicintifada.net, 21-1-2019

[45] Weber, Jasmine,  “Palestinian Cultural Center Destroyed by Israeli Military in Recent Attacks”, https://hyperallergic.com, 10-8-2018.

[46] Ibid.

[47] Fay Cashman, Greer, “’Solidarity during war is Israel’s finest hour’”, https://www.jpost.com, 14-1-2009

[48] Wikipedia, “Thermobaric weapon”,  https://en.wikipedia.org. Accessed 9-12-2020

[49] Ibid.

[50] Ibid.

[51] Ibid.

[52] Ibid.

[53] Andr, David, “MUNITIONS – Thermobaric Munitions and their Medical Effects”, https://jmvh.org. Accessed 4-1-2021

[54] Wikipedia, “Thermobaric weapon”,  https://en.wikipedia.org. Accessed 9-12-2020

[55] Salam, Kawther, “Abortions, Cancer, Diseases and…in Gaza”,  http://www.intifada-palestine.com, 29 December 2009. As quoted by Lightbown, Richard,  “Israel’s Weapons: A Crime on Humanity”, https://occupiedpalestine.wordpress.com, 1-5-2011

[56] United Nations, “Genocide”, https://www.un.org, 2-1-2021

[57] “Israel: Transforming International Law by Violating It”, San Francisco Chronicle, 1/4/09. As quoted by Di Stefano, Vincent, “And What Rough Beast Slouches Towards Gaza”, https://www.commondreams.org, 25-12-2010

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A New Year’s Wish

See the source image
Philip M. Giraldi, Ph.D., is Executive Director of the Council for the National Interest, a 501(c)3 tax deductible educational foundation (Federal ID Number #52-1739023) that seeks a more interests-based U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East. Website is https://councilforthenationalinterest.org address is P.O. Box 2157, Purcellville VA 20134 and its email is inform@cnionline.org

PHILIP GIRALDI • JANUARY 5, 2021 
Source: The Unz Review

Let’s remove Israel from American politics

There has been one good thing about the COVID-19 virus – for the first time many among the general public are beginning to ask why a rich country like Israel should be getting billions of dollars from the United States taxpayer at a time when many Americans are struggling. Inevitably, of course, the press coverage of the questions being asked about the cash flow failed to discuss the real magnitude of the “aid,” trade concessions, co-production projects and dicey charitable contributions that our federal and many state governments shower on the Jewish state, which easily exceed $10 billion per year.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Pollard-and-Netanyahu-600x337.jpg

There has been one good thing about the COVID-19 virus – for the first time many among the general public are beginning to ask why a rich country like Israel should be getting billions of dollars from the United States taxpayer at a time when many Americans are struggling. Inevitably, of course, the press coverage of the questions being asked about the cash flow failed to discuss the real magnitude of the “aid,” trade concessions, co-production projects and dicey charitable contributions that our federal and many state governments shower on the Jewish state, which easily exceed $10 billion per year.

During his 2016 campaign Donald Trump swore that he would be the best friend that Israel has ever had in the White House, a pledge that some of us viewed skeptically as Trump was also committed to bringing the troops home from “useless wars” in Asia, most of whom were in the Middle East supporting Israeli interests. More recently Trump admitted that America was in the Middle East to “protect Israel” and he has indeed proven to be the great benefactor he promised to be in responding fully to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s wish list. Trump has increased tension dramatically with Iran, moved the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem, has recognized Israeli sovereignty over the Syrian Golan Heights, and has basically given Israel the green light to do whatever it wants on the Palestinian West Bank, including getting rid of the Palestinians. And as all that has played out the Israelis have attacked and killed thousands of civilians in Gaza, Syria and the West Bank with impunity, protected by the U.S. veto in the U.N. Security Council against any consequences for their actions while a subservient Congress gives Netanyahu twenty-eight standing ovations and bleats that “Israel has a right to defend itself.” Trump has made the United States completely complicit in Israeli war crimes and has committed a few of its own to include the widely condemned assassination of the senior Iranian official Qassem Soleimani in Baghdad one year ago.

Israel more-or-less openly admits that it controls the actions of the United States in its region, its leaders having boasted how the U.S. federal government is “easily moved” when it comes up against the Israeli Lobby. Nor is there any real secret to how the Lobby uses money to buy access and then exploits that access to obtain real power, which is then used to employ all the resources of the U.S. government in support of the Jewish state. The top donor to the Democratic Party, Israeli-American Haim Saban has stated that he is a one issue guy and that issue is Israel. This single-minded focus to promote Israel’s interests at the expense of those of the United States makes the Israel Lobby the most formidable foreign policy lobby in Washington and it recalls the warning once issued by George Washington in his Farewell Address, where he stated that “permanent, inveterate antipathies against particular nations and passionate attachments for others should be excluded, and that in place of them just and amicable feelings toward all should be cultivated. The nation which indulges toward another a habitual hatred or a habitual fondness is in some degree a slave.”

The complete contempt that the Israelis and Israeli supporters in the U.S. have for other Americans and their interests was on full display last week when convicted Israeli spy Jonathan Pollard flew “home,” meeting Netanyahu as he disembarked from a private plane that had departed from Newark New Jersey before being given a hero’s welcome.

Pollard is the most damaging spy in American history, having stolen the keys to accessing U.S. communications and information gathering systems. He was an unlikely candidate to become a U.S. Navy intelligence analyst, and one review board determined that he had been hired in the first place under pressure from the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC). A month after Pollard’s arrest in 1985, C.I.A director William Casey stated: “The Israelis used Pollard to obtain our war plans against the USSR – all of it: the co-ordinates, the firing locations, the sequences, and Israel sold that information to Moscow for more exit visas for Soviet Jews.” According to a C.I.A. after-the fact-damage assessment “Pollard’s operation has few parallels among known U.S. espionage cases…. his first and possibly largest delivery occurred on 23 January [1984] and consisted of five suitcases-full of classified material.”

Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger wrote a forty-six page review of the case that remains largely classified and redacted to this day, detailing what incredible damage Pollard had done. Part of the document states: “In this case, the defendant has admitted passing to his Israeli contacts an incredibly large quantity of classified information. At the outset I must state that the defendant’s disclosures far exceed the limits of any official exchange of intelligence information with Israel. That being the case, the damage to national security was complete the moment the classified information was given over. Ideally, I would detail…all the information passed by the defendant to his Israeli contacts: unfortunately, the volume of .data we know to have been passed is too great to permit that. · Moreover, the defendant admits to having passed to his Israeli handlers a quantity of documents great enough to occupy a space six feet by ten feet… The defendant has substantially harmed the United States, and in my view, his crimes demand severe punishment… My foregoing comments will, I hope, dispel any presumption that disclosures to an ally are insignificant; to the contrary, substantial and irrevocable damage has been done to this nation. Punishment, of course, must be appropriate to the crime, and in my opinion, no crime is more deserving of severe punishment than conducting espionage activities against one’s own country.”

The Pollard trip to his “home” occurred because Donald Trump had obligingly lifted the travel restrictions on him the week before, one more favor to Israel. At the airport, Pollard and his wife knelt to kiss the Israeli soil before Netanyahu handed him an Israeli citizen ID and welcomed him. The 737 luxury-fitted executive jet Pollard and his wife flew on belongs to Las Vegas casino magnate Sheldon Adelson, chief donor to the Republicans and to Donald Trump. Adelson is married to an Israeli and famously has said that he regrets having worn a U.S. Army uniform when he was drafted, much preferring instead that he might have done military service in the Israel Defense Force.

I should point out that permitting dual nationals with singular loyalty to a foreign nation to have such significant influence over the two leading political parties in the U.S. by virtue of money alone is a recipe for disaster, and so it has proven. What were Trump and Hillary Clinton thinking when they tied themselves to Adelson and Saban? Or were they thinking at all?

The Israeli boosters in the United States have flat out corrupted our political process to get where they are. They have bought or intimidated every politician that matters to include presidents, congressmen and even those in state and local governments. Anyone who criticizes Israel or Jewish collective behavior in support of the Israeli state is subject to character assassination and blacklisting a la Mel Gibson and Rick Sanchez. Those who persist are denounced as anti-Semites, a label that is used liberally by Zionist groups.

Anyone who is bold enough to either criticize the Israelis or defend the Palestinians is targeted, and if they happen to be in Congress like Cynthia McKinney, Pete McCloskey, Paul Findlay, James Traficant, William Fulbright and Chuck Percy they are first vilified in the media and then set up against a very well-funded candidate to drive them from office. The end result is that when Israel kills civilians and rampaging armed settlers destroy their livelihoods the United States government chooses to look the other way and shower the rogue state with money so it can continue to do its dirty work.

The corruption extends to the state level, where twenty-six governments have passed Israel lobby-promoted legislation that limits free speech rights if anyone seeks to criticize Israel. This sometimes includes forcing employees, under threat of dismissal, to sign a pro-Israel oath and promise not to support any boycott of the Jewish state. The massive interference in the internal governance of the United States by Israel and its U.S. born lackeys far exceeds that of any other country, including inappropriately vilified Russia or China.

It is well past time to get rid of the Israel parasite that feeds on the American government and people. The special relationship with Israel, sanctified in the halls of Congress and by a Jewish dominated media, does nothing good for the United States and for the American people. Israel’s constant interference in the U.S. political system and economy comes at a huge cost, both in dollars and in terms of actual American interests.

And then there are the hot buttons which, if the U.S. actually had a functional government that is responsive to the people, should have been pushed long ago. Israel is ranked by the FBI as the number one “friendly” country in terms of its spying against the United States. Pollard is an exception, but Israeli spies are routinely slapped on the wrist when caught and never face prosecution. The Mossad agents who were the “Dancing Shlomos,” celebrating while the twin towers went down on 9/11, were allowed to go home. And Israel has never truly paid any price for the horrific bombing and torpedoing of the U.S.S. Liberty fifty-three years ago, which killed 34 Americans and injured over one hundred more. The completely unprovoked attack took place in international waters and was later covered-up by President Lyndon Baines Johnson, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara and Congress. May they burn in hell. The surviving crew members are still waiting for justice.

So, let’s all resolve for 2021 to do whatever we can to pull the plug on Israel. Let Israel pay its own bills and take care of its own defense. American citizens who prefer the Jewish ethno-religious state to our constitutional republic should feel free to emigrate. Lacking Washington’s backing, Israel will also be free to commit atrocities and war crimes against all of its neighbors but without the U.S. United Nations veto it will have to begin facing the consequences for its actions. But most of all, as Americans, we will no longer have to continue to carry the burden of a country that manipulates and uses us and also has a certain contempt for us while doing so. And maybe just maybe freeing the United States from Israel could lead to an end to all the wars in the Middle East that Washington has been waging in spite of the fact that we Americans are threatened by no one in the region and have no real interest whatsoever in prolonging the agony of staying there.

What Educational, Religious, Moral, Humanitarian References Justify Normalization with Zionists?

Source

By: Prime Minister Dr.. Abdul Aziz bin Habtoor

Translated from Al-Mayadeen

What Educational, Religious, Moral, Humanitarian References Justify Normalization with Zionists?

Middle East: Arab and Islamic various media showed “downward” models of citizens of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries participating, with tremendous joy and overflowing happiness, with the Zionists their joys and celebrations, visiting Al-Aqsa Mosque and also touring with the Zionists on the beaches of Jaffa, Acre and Tel Aviv

With brazenness, they also visited the Syrian Arab Golan Heights, which Donald Trump had “granted” to the Zionist enemy as a “gift”, to send from there audio messages that are closer to ‘spreading the vice’ that they promote without respect the simplest feelings of millions of free Arabs.

If we try to justify the “Arab” rulers for their “normalization” step, and say that they did so under the tremendous pressure that they are subjected to by the Zionist and US administration, and they may not be blamed because of the presence of US warships, bases and military camps in Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and the Saudi Arabia, the Arab and even Islamic public opinion may turn a blind eye to the “normalization” that they committed, which is considered a betrayal.

But how can we explain this “popular” trot by individuals, groups, businessmen, and journalists from those countries, who demand popular “normalization” to the extent of integration and infiltration into Arab families, unfortunately? What kind of people are these from ?! What is their educational, religious, moral and humanitarian reference ?! Here,the question is: Have some of the people of these (financially wealthy) countries lost their connection and ties to their Arabism and religion ?!

This leads us to a general explanation that those belonging to the lavish consumer society in the Gulf have lost their collective consciousness, and their culture and spiritual ties of their belonging to their Arab and Islamic nation have been corrupted, so they no longer distinguish between the occupied Zionist and the oppressed owner of the land. 

There is a permissible amount of openness to others, and there is no harm in it being in a humane and understandable manner, and this relations with others should not make us forget our fateful Arab-Islamic issues.

However, what Arab public opinion showed on the media, was a remarkable phenomenon, the first of its kind, that these “Arab Muslims”, if they are still Arab and Muslims, was abnormal and unacceptable behavior? This is what made us ask: What are the patriotic and religious education that they were brought up with in their families and schools? 

We have witnessed the huge sacrifices made by the Palestinian people in their resistance to displacement, Judaization, starvation and siege. Returning to the history of the national political sacrifices that people made in Palestine, it is similar to the sacrifices made by the Arab peoples who resisted British and French colonialism, offering caravans of martyrs, wounded and missing. Were all these massive sacrifices in the concepts of the ‘new Arabs’ absurd and wrong with no value?

If that were so, we would not have studied in the history the story of the revelution of Spartacus and the slave revolt that did not accept slavery at all. Why do we teach our children and grandchildren concepts of freedom, dignity, morals and shame?

I would like to remind you that the six-year-old Palestinian child, who was enforced to emigrate from his village, returns to his town, his village and the site of his old house, carrying a small bag with him, to take soil of the ground, and he puts it in that bag, after inhaling its perfume saturated with dignity, history and painful memories, then go back to a place and home in the country of expatriation.

This phenomenon is repeated with every Palestinian who was enforced one day to leave his land. They travel thousands of kilometers from where they live and work automatically, without receiving instructions from anyone to do such things.

Therefore, we reiterate that “normalization” with the Israeli enemy has no value nor a real future for it, because the people of Palestine and all the free people of the whole world, will not abandon a just cause, as long as they irrigated its pure soil with their pure blood and planted figs and olives trees in it  to be pegs as mooring mountains.

The Arabs in the Gulf Cooperation Council, rulers or people, except for the free among them, must understand the equation of Palestine as a land and a person, and they must understand the scene of an elderly woman embracing the olive tree to prevent the Zionists from uprooting it.

We have to understand the scene of the children of the stones as they resist the troop carrier and the invading hordes of Zionists soldiers. We have to understand the scene of a Palestinian young woman while she was treating a wounded Palestinian, and she was also hit by a fatal bullet from a reckless Israeli soldier.

Let us remember Laila Khaled and her comrades as they forced the enemy aircraft to surrender, and let us think a lot about the long queue of Palestinain martyrs, including the martyr Sheikh Izz al-Din Al-Qassam, Yasser Arafat, Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, Abu Ali Mustafa, Abu Jihad, Khalil al-Wazir, Wadih Haddad, Fathi al-Shaqaqi, Fatima al-Najjar, Moataz Qassem, Bayan al-Asali, Diaa al-Tahamah, Yahya Ayyash, the child martyr Muhammad Abu Khedira, Muhammad al-Durra, the martyr Razan Ashraf Al-Najjar, and tens of thousands of martyrs.

Talking about these martyrs, the wounded and the steadfast on the borders of dignity is not an old talk of outdated time, as it is promoted by who normalized. No, these are living lessons, and they will continue as long as the Zionist enemy is the same enemy, and as long as the occupation continues. The Zionist hate speech and supremacy remains the same for seven decades. The Zionist attacks on the Gaza Strip continue, and the arrests and killing of Palestinians remain the same. So, what has changed in the scene ?!

We will answer with confidence: As long as the equation does not change, the resistance will continue until liberating the land, and the free Arabs and Muslims will remain supportive of all the Palestinian until victory.

Palestinian Resistance revives its Joint Operations Room

مناورة «الركن الشديد»: غزة ليست الحلقة الأضعف

«الركن الشديد»: غزّة ليست الحلقة الأضعف
جرت المناورة المشتركة بالتنسيق مع «الأصدقاء في حلف المقاومة» الذي دعا الفصائل إلى الاستعداد لسيناريوات عدّة (نضال الوحيدي)

الأخبار

 رجب المدهون الأربعاء 30 كانون الأول 2020

غزة | بموازاة الانفجارات واستعراض القوة ومراقبة العدو الإسرائيلي مناورة المقاومة الفلسطينية في قطاع غزة، وزّعت «الركن الشديد» رسائل متعدّدة إلى الأطراف كافة في المنطقة والإقليم. فبينما تتّجه الأنظار تجاه تطبيع الدول العربية مع العدو، أكدت غزة تموضعها في الخندق الآخر الذي يتجهّز لمواجهة الاحتلال، معلنةً أن الحصار الإسرائيلي، وكذلك المصري، سياسات لا يمكنها أن تدفع القطاع إلى التنازلات. وقد تجلّت كبرى الرسائل والدلالات في تعليق صور كبيرة لقائد «قوة القدس» الراحل، الشهيد قاسم سليماني، قبل ليلة من المناورات، وعلى مقربة من الشق البحري للمناورة.

وعلمت «الأخبار»، من مصادر فلسطينية، أن المناورة المشتركة جرت بالتنسيق مع «الأصدقاء في حلف المقاومة» الذي دعا الفصائل إلى الاستعداد لسيناريوات؛ أبرزها المشاركة في مواجهة شاملة وكبرى ضدّ العدو لتحرير الأراضي الفلسطينية. وفي الوقت الذي ظنّ فيه عدد من الدول العربية أنه يمكن إنهاء ملف المقاومة في غزة، جاء القرار الفلسطيني موحّداً خلف خيار المقاومة بمناورة تُظهر جزءاً من قدراتها بعد سنوات من مراكمة القوة، مضيفة إلى ذلك رسالة بأن دعم بعض الدول العربية لضربة كبيرة ضدّ القطاع قبل مغادرة الرئيس الأميركي، دونالد ترامب، لن تكون ذات جدوى، فما تملكه المقاومة يؤهّلها للمشاركة في معركة التحرير وليس للحفاظ على بقائها في القطاع فقط، كما تشرح المصادر.

أيضاً، حملت «الركن الشديد» رسائل بالغة إلى رام الله، بعدما اختارت السلطة العودة علناً وبكلّ ما لديها إلى الحضن الإسرائيلي، مؤكدة خيار الوحدة في مواجهة الاحتلال الذي لا يعطي التنازلات إلّا تحت وقع الضربات. وكانت لافتة مشاركة أربعة أذرع عسكرية تنتمي إلى حركة «فتح»، وهي الأذرع التي لا يعترف بها رئيس الحركة، محمود عباس، بعد إصداره قراراً بحلّها كافة في 2007. مع ذلك، لم يكن غريباً تجاهل وسائل الإعلام التابعة للسلطة و«فتح» المناورة والاكتفاء بالترويج لاحتفالات الانطلاقة “الفتحاوية” الـ 55.

من رسائل المقاومة التحذير من أيّ ضربة كبيرة قبل رحيل ترامب


وفي الوقت الذي بات يشعر فيه الفلسطينيون بحالة أشبه بالضياع بعد انحدار السلطة وطنياً، وتغوّل الاحتلال على الضفة والقدس، وحفلة التطبيع العربية العلنية، جاءت المناورة بمكانة رسالة مهمّة لجميع الفلسطينيين في الداخل والخارج، تقول إن ثمة بصيص أمل وقاعدة صلبة يمكن الاعتماد عليها لمواجهة الاحتلال. كما تأتي هذه الخطوة تتويجاً لعمل المقاومة في غزة خلال السنوات الأخيرة على قاعدة تعبئة الشارع وبناء القدرة العسكرية. فخلال العام المنتهي 2020، كشفت المقاومة على مراحل مجموعة من عملياتها الأمنية في مواجهة الاحتلال، ليتبعها الكشف عن أن طائراتها نفذت مهمّات محدّدة فوق وزارة الأمن الإسرائيلية خلال حرب 2014، وكذلك الإفراج عن تفاصيل عملية «موقع أبو مطيبق» خلال الحرب نفسها، وليس أخيراً عثورها على «كنز عسكري» في بحر غزة واستخراجه وإعادته إلى الخدمة.
أخيراً، يرى مراقبون أن «الركن الشديد» تُمثّل «بداية فعلية لعمل الغرفة المشتركة لعمليات المقاومة» بطريقة مختلفة لكن منظمة، ما قد يؤسِّس مستقبلاً لتنسيق أكبر على المستويين العسكري والأمني، ويمهّد لتطوّر عمل الفصائل تحت «هيئة أركان موحدة».

من ملف : مناورة «الركن الشديد»: غزة ليست الحلقة الأضعف

«الركن الشديد»: 12 فصيلاً مقاوماً يبدأون مناورة واسعة

أطلقت فصائل المقاومة الفلسطينية أمس، مناورة واسعة أولى من نوعها باسم «الركن الشديد».

وأعلنت «الغرفة المشتركة» لفصائل المقاومة الفلسطينية في غزة، أمس، عن انطلاق مناورة «الركن الشديد»، الأولى من نوعها.

وقال متحدث باسم الغرفة خلال مؤتمر صحافي، داخل أحد المواقع العسكرية للمقاومة: «نعلن بعون الله عن انطلاق مناورات الركن الشديد التي ينفذها مقاتلونا ومجاهدونا من كافة الأجنحة تحت قيادة الغرفة المشتركة».

وأطلقت الغرفة المشتركة رشقة صاروخية تجريبية باتجاه بحر قطاع غزة بالتزامن مع إعلان بدء المناورة.

وأوضح المتحدّث أن المناورة تُنفذ بالذخيرة الحية عبر سيناريوات متعددة ومتنوعة في مناطق القطاع من شماله حتى جنوبه.

وبيّن أن المناورات «تحاكي تهديدات العدو المتوقعة وتهدف إلى رفع كفاءة وقدرة مقاتلي المقاومة على القتال في مختلف الظروف والأوقات».

وشدّد على أن «هذه المناورات الدفاعية تأكيد على جهوزية المقاومة للدفاع عن شعبنا في كل الأحوال وتحت الظروف كافة».

وأكد أن «قيادة المقاومة جاهزة لخوض أي معركة للدفاع عن شعبنا وأرضنا، ولن تقبل أن يتغول العدو على أهلنا».

وقال: «سلاحنا حاضر وقرارنا موحد في خوض أي مواجهة تُفرض على شعبنا في أي زمان ومكان».

وحذّرت الغرفة المشتركة قيادة الاحتلال «بأن مجرد التفكير في مغامرة ضد شعبنا؛ سيواجه بكل قوة ووحدة وسيحمل الكثير من المفاجآت».

وأضاف «هذه المناورات المشتركة تعبر بوضوح عن القرار المشترك ووحدة الحال بين الفصائل بكافة أطيافها».

ويشارك في المناورة 12 جناحًا عسكريًا هم: كتائب القسام، وسرايا القدس، وكتائب الشهيد أبو علي مصطفى، وألوية الناصر صلاح الدين، وكتائب المقاومة الوطنية، وكتائب شهداء الأقصى – لواء العامودي، وجيش العاصفة، ومجموعات الشهيد أيمن جودة، وكتائب الشهيد عبدالقادر الحسيني، وكتائب المجاهدين، وكتائب الأنصار، وكتائب الشهيد جهاد جبريل.

هذا وأكدت الغرفة المشتركة لفصائل المقاومة الفلسطينية أن قرارهم موحّد في خوض أية مواجهة تُفرض على الشعب الفلسطيني في أي زمان ومكان، محذرة قيادة الاحتلال من أن «مجرد التفكير في مغامرة ضد شعبنا ستواجه بكل قوة ووحدة وستحمل الكثير من المفاجآت بإذن الله».

وفي السياق، تابع العدو الصهيوني هذه المناورات بقلق بالغ، ونشر «موقع إسرائيل نيوز24» خبراً تناول فيه المناورات العسكرية المشتركة لفصائل المقاومة الفلسطينية في غزة، وتضمن: «بدأت الساعة العاشرة من صباح اليوم (أمس) مناورات عسكريةٌ واسعةٌ النطاق، وهي الأولى من نوعها حيث تجري بمشاركة كافة الفصائل الفلسطينية في قطاع غزة، وعلى رأسها حماس والجهاد الاسلامي».

الموقع الصهيوني أضاف: «وفي المناورات العسكرية التي أطلق عليها «مناورات الركن الشديد» حيث ستديرها غرفة العمليات المشتركة للفصائل الفلسطينية في قطاع غزة، وحتى اليوم قامت كل جماعة مسلحة بإجراء مناورات وحدها، وهذه هي المرة الأولى التي يجرون فيها مناورات مشتركة تكون بها لكل فصيل دور ومناطق محدّدة، وهنا تكمن أهمية هذه المناورات».

من جهته قال موقع صحيفة «يديعوت أحرنوت» إن توقيت مناورة غزة يأتي بعد مناورات الجيش الصهيوني قبل أسابيع في فرقة غزة وعند الحدود الشمالية، وأضاف أن المناورة العسكرية «الركن الشديد» تدار للمرة الأولى من غرفة عمليات مشتركة تابعة للأذرع العسكرية في قطاع غزة.

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Gaza’s Strong Support Military Drill: Our Decision Is Unified, And Our Weapons Are Ready

Gaza’s Strong Support Military Drill: Our Decision Is Unified, And Our Weapons Are Ready

By Staff

The Joint Operations Room [JOR] – also known as the Common Room – of the Palestinian resistance factions announced the commencement of the Strong Support military drill. Fighters and mujahideen from all military wings are taking part in the drills using live ammunition in multiple scenarios extending from the north of the Gaza Strip to the south.

 “Thank God, we remain loyal to the pledge to our martyrs and captives. We have not abandoned our pledge and promised to our people to continue the path of resistance, jihad, and struggle, with a pure rifle and a weapon drenched with the blood of the martyrs and the sweat of the fighters in the fields of giving,” the JOR’s spokesperson said. “The joint military and jihad work is not new to the fighters and the mujahideen from our rebellious Palestinian people.”

He explained that “these maneuvers simulate the expected threats from the enemy and aim to improve the efficiency and ability of the resistance fighters to carry out combat operations under various circumstances and at different times.”

“The maneuvers are an affirmation of the readiness of the resistance to defend our people in all cases and under all circumstances,” he added. “The leadership of the resistance is ready to fight any battle to defend our people and our land.”

The spokesman for the JOR affirmed that “we will not accept that the enemy poses a danger to our people, and our weapons are ready.”

Moreover, he pointed out that their “decision is unified in waging any confrontation imposed on our people at any time and place, God willing.”

“The occupation leadership must realize that the mere thought of an adventure against our people will be met with all strength and unity and will carry many surprises, God willing,” the spokesman warned. “These joint maneuvers clearly express a unified decision among the different wings of the resistance factions with all its spectrums.”

“Today, the resistance is stronger, stiffer, and more capable of confronting it, deterring it, and hurting it. It will not allow the Zionist enemy to impose rules of engagement that it does not accept.”

“The message of our resistance to the whole world is that our word will remain decisive, and our hand will remain with the power of God the highest. The shameful agreements and failed normalization ceremonies will not change anything on the ground.”

The spokesperson extended greetings from the resistance factions and the leadership of the Common Room to all people embracing the resistance and standing in the face of all conspiracies.

He saluted the souls of our righteous martyrs who watered this land with pure blood. He also saluted the wounded and injured, saying, “Greetings to the free and heroic prisoners who are the title of freedom and dignity.”

Palestine Resistance Groups Hold First Joint Military Exercise

Palestine Resistance Groups Hold First Joint Military Exercise

By Staff, Agencies

Palestinian Resistance groups started their first-ever joint military exercise on Tuesday.

The Joint Chamber of Military Operations for Palestinian Factions announced the start of the first joint military exercise across the Gaza strip.

Palestinian Resistance drones were flying over the Gaza strip, it added.

The Joint Chamber of Military Operations for Palestinian Factions announced that the Resistance to react ‘fiercely’ to any ‘Israeli’ ‘adventurism’.

The drill comes as part of the cooperation between Palestinian Resistance groups and in a bid to show continuous efforts aimed at raising their military readiness.

In one of their latest attacks, on December 26, Zionist fighter jets targeted a number of hospitals and schools in the Gaza Strip.

On December 27, the Spokesman for the Palestinian Islamic Resistance Movement [Hamas] said that the Zionist regime is responsible for the consequences of the recent attack on the Gaza Strip.

The resistance movement will not give up its national duty to defend the inalienable interests of the Palestinian people and to break the equations of the Zionist regime, Fawzi Barhoum stated.

على الهواء مباشرة…المقاومة الفلسطينية تطلق صواريخ مناورات “الركن الشديد”

 الميادين نت

الناطق باسم سرايا القدس يقول إن المقاومة الفلسطينية هي صمام الأمان للحفاظ على القضية الفلسطينية، ويعلن اطلاق مناورة “الركن الشديد” في غزة.

انطلاق مناورة
سيتخلل المناورة انتشار لعناصر المقاومة وأجهزة أمنية وشرطية

أطلقت المقاومة الفلسطينية رشقات صاروخية باتجاه بحر غزة، كما أطلقت طائرات أبابيل المسيّرة في إطار المناورة التي تحاكي تهديدات الاحتلال الإسرائيلي.

وإيذاناً ببدء المناورة أطلقت المقاومة الفلسطينية رشقات صاروخية باتجاه بحر غزة، كما أطلقت طائرات أبابيل المسيّرة في إطار المناورة التي تحاكي تهديدات الاحتلال الإسرائيلي.

 سيتخلل المناورة انتشار لعناصر المقاومة وأجهزة أمنية وشرطية

أطلقت المقاومة الفلسطينية رشقات صاروخية باتجاه بحر غزة، كما أطلقت طائرات أبابيل المسيّرة في إطار المناورة التي تحاكي تهديدات الاحتلال الإسرائيلي.

وإيذاناً ببدء المناورة أطلقت المقاومة الفلسطينية رشقات صاروخية باتجاه بحر غزة، كما أطلقت طائرات أبابيل المسيّرة في إطار المناورة التي تحاكي تهديدات الاحتلال الإسرائيلي.

كذلك سيتخلل المناورة انتشار لعناصر المقاومة وأجهزة أمنية وشرطية، وحركة نشطة لمركبات اسعاف والدفاع المدنيّ وامن والشرطة في جميع المحافظات.

وأعلنت فصائل المقاومة الفلسطينية اليوم الثلاثاء إطلاق مناورة “الركن الشديد” في غزة.

وانطلقت رشقات صواريخ على الهواء مباشرة وأمام وسائل الإعلام، في وقتٍ قال فيه مراسل الميادين في غزة إن طائرات استطلاع تابعة للمقاومة جابت سماء منطقة المناورات.

وقال الناطق باسم “سرايا القدس” أبو حمزة إن “المقاومة الفلسطينية ما زالت على عهدها في مواصلة طريق الجهاد، وهي صمام الأمان للحفاظ على القضية الفلسطينية”.

أبو حمزة أشار إلى أن “هذه المناورات الدفاعية هي تأكيد على جهوزية المقاومة للدفاع عن شعبنا، وأضاف أن “سلاحنا حاضر وقرارنا موحّد في خوض أيّ مواجهة للدفاع عن شعبنا، وأن المناورات المشتركة تعبر بوضوح عن وحدة قرارنا”.

وقال  أبو حمزة إن “المقاومة اليوم هي أقوى وأصلب وأكثر قدرة على مواجهة العدو وردعه، و لن تسمح للعدو بفرض قواعد اشتباك لا ترضاها”.

وعن التطبيع مع الاحتلال الإسرائيلي، أشار أبو حمزة إلى أن “المطبعون وأذناب الاحتلال إلى مزابل التاريخ وستظل فلسطين قضية العرب والمسلمين”.

وفي السياق، قال مراسل الميادين في غزة إن طائرات استطلاع تابعة للمقاومة تجوب سماء منطقة مناورات “الركن الشديد”.

أخبار ذات صلة

Sayyed Nasrallah: Resistance Missiles Multiply in Quantities, Can Reach any Point in Occupied Palestine

Sayyed Mayadeen
Click to see the Video

Sara Taha Moughnieh

Hezbollah Secretary General Sayyed Hasan Nasrallah denied Sunday having any data around Israeli or US intention to perform any operation before the end of Trump’s presidency dubbing the latter a “crazy who is in a state of severe madness”.

“It is not something only concerning Iran, Lebanon or Palestine but even the Republican and Democratic leaderships are worried about what he could do,” he pointed out, stressing that “the resistance axis should be cautious throughout these couple of weeks so it wouldn’t be dragged into an uncalculated confrontation…”

In an interview to Al-Mayadeen TV channel, Sayyed Nasrallah revealed that he, along with other Hezbollah leaders are targets for the US, Israeli and Saudi Arabia, adding that the latter have been instigating to assassinate him since many years, even before the Yemeni war began.

“Saudi King, Mohammad bin Salman proposed this issue in his first visit to the US after the election of Trump, and the latter approved assigning this operation to “Israel”,” his eminence clarified, noting that “Saudi Arabia, specifically in the last few years, has been acting with grudge not mindfulness”.

Sayyed Nasrallah disdained Israeli threats assuring that “when you hear Israelis waging threats on media know that there will be no action… and all the action taking place on the borders with Lebanon only reveal Israel’s concern and alertness”.

As his eminence considered that the military operation that targeted Hajj Qassem Suleimani and Abu Mahdi Al-Muhandis was a trilateral operation by US-Israel-Saudi Arabia, he remembered Suleimani saying “he had a strong charisma and the power to influence anyone who knows him. He was special on the humanitarian and moral levels. He was a frontline man not a man in the operation room, a man of strategy and tactics and very conscious and well-educated on political and cultural levels.”

“In the last period before his assassination, his role and movement was highlighted a lot in Western media. They usually do that before the assassination of anyone to show their people the significance of the man targeted. I was very concerned about him and I warned him about that,” Sayyed Nasrallah said, adding “I miss him so much, I used to feel that we are one person”.

“As for Abu Mahdi Al-Muhandis, he was a great leader and resembled Hajj Qassem so much. He had a major role in both victories against the US and ISIL,” he further stated.

In parallel, Sayyed Nasrallah spoke about the strong relation Hajj Qassem had with all the resistance factions in Palestine and his concern that these factions get all the support they need to resist the occupation, revealing that he was the one behind sending Kornet missiles to the resistance in Gaza Strip.

“President Bashar Al-Assad bought “Kornet” missiles from the Russians, and they are the missiles we used in July war. Hajj Qassem demanded that these missiles be sent to Gaza, and I proposed the issue to President Assad who instantly approved,” his eminence explained, asserting that “I am not surprised with the Arab betrayal to the Palestinians because most of the Arab regimes have only been selling words to Palestine and have only used Iran as an excuse to normalize the relations with Israel. This took place because the Palestinian cause has become a burden on them. There is no excuse for anyone to abandon Palestine.”

As he considered that these countries have long had ties with Israel but were not made public, he assured that this new peace deal is positive because it brought this hypocrisy to public and divided the lines.

“When lines are divided this means a great victory is on its way,” he said.

In this context, Hezbollah SG stated that the relation between Hezbollah and Hamas is based on the legitimacy of the resistance and the Palestinian cause despite the conflict that emerged between Damascus and Hamas due to the Syrian developments.

He further assured that the resistance axis is stronger than before and the Palestinian people have not been influenced by the normalization treaties as they still stand firm and steadfast, praising the joint maneuvers between the resistance factions in Gaza.

While his eminence expressed that the Palestinians of 1948 in the occupied territories want the liberation of Palestine more than anyone else, he stated that “as an Islamist, I find the stance of the Justice and Development Party in Morocco concerning normalization with Israelis more painful than other stances”.

On Hajj Qassem’s role in Iraq, Sayyed Nasrallah revealed that the Iraqi resistance factions who defeated ISIL were the ones who performed most of the operations that urged the US to pull out if Iraq, unlike what media portrayed about Al-Qaeda being behind them.

“I assure to you that the Iraqi resistance groups were the ones performing operations against the occupation under the support of Al-Quds force led by Hajj Qassem Suleimani, and we were in contact with them since then,” his eminence said, indicating that “4 800 suicide attacks were waged in Iraq, while the resistance operations were very accurate and merely against the occupation”.

Moreover, he added that “The US Army had threatened Hajj Qassem and Al-Quds Force to bombard locations in Iran if they continue to support the resistance in Iraq… If it weren’t for the Iraqi resistance, the US embassy would’ve been the one ruling Iraq now”.

Based on that, Hezbollah SG pointed out that “despite the significance of Hajj Qassem and Abu Mahdi Al-Muhandis and their great roles, what happened with them according to our culture, methodology, history and path is a natural and expected outcome because we are in a state of historical conflict… and these two martyrs fell on the path of victories and defeat of great schemes.”

“Our axis does not rely on individuals, and while the goal behind the assassination of Hajj Qassem and Abu Mahdi Al-Muhandis was to erase the name of the resistance, millions of people came out and shouted “we are all resistance… we are all Qassem Suleimani”.”

Hezbollah SG recalled the speech of Imam Khamenei in which he asserted that whoever ordered and implemented the assassination of these two martyrs should be personally punished wherever he is, stating that “this should be the duty of every honorable person in the world, specifically our people in Iraq as Hajj Qassem was their guest and was martyred on their territories.”

On another level, Sayyed Nasrallah stated that “one day after the toppling of former Egyptian
President Hosni Mubarak, Hajj Qassem was in the Southern Suburb of Beirut and expressed discomfort telling us that the Americans will take advantage of the “Arab Spring” to change regimes in the region for their benefit and topple governments that support the resistance specifically in Syria.

“We took his words into consideration and warned the Syrian president who chose to embrace any public movement that takes place. However, funded groups refused any political solution and started using force.”

“We don’t exaggerate when we say it was a global war on Syria. They wanted to replace the regime with another one that supports US policies, submits to Turkey and Qatar, and improves relations with Israel,” his eminence added, noting that “the war on Syria was not only because of its stance from the Palestinian cause but also for its oil and gas and for occupying it and controlling it strategically “.

“President Assad chose to stand firm and never left Syria, and his decision urged us to support him”.

Furthermore, Sayyed Nasrallah revealed that Hajj Qassem went to Moscow and met with President Putin for two hours, playing a major role in convincing him to interfere militarily in Syria.

“After its role in Syria and the regional changes, Russia regained its role in the world through the Syrian gate,” Sayyed Nasrallah assured.

On the Lebanese level, Hezbollah SG stressed that the Israelis have been in a state if alertness for months now expecting a retaliatory attack for the martyrdom of one of Hezbollah members in Syria.

“All the drills and measures the Israeli is taking on the borders are because he is aware that we will respond. The Israeli is in a state of confusion and recognizes that the resistance missiles can reach accurate goals in any place inside the occupied territories, he said, assuring that “the resistance according to the people in South Lebanon is a shield not a burden”.

Answering a question about the influence of Iran-US negotiations on some files in the region, his eminence assured that “Iran, unlike other states, does not buy and sell files in the region. It does not negotiate with the Americans about countries’ affairs on behalf of these countries. It had informed the Europeans that it will not discuss the Yemeni affairs on behalf of the Yemenis and had refused to discuss Iraqi affairs with Washington without the presence of an Iraqi delegation.”

Source: Al-Manar

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Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine (10 – 16 December 2020)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (10 – 16 December 2020)

10 – 16 December 2020

·         Palestinian with disability succumbs to wounds sustained in IOF shooting at Qalandia Checkpoint

·         16 Palestinian civilians wounded, including 1 woman, in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem

·         Uninhabited house shelled, and 5 shootings reported at agricultural lands, and once at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip

·         In 107 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 94 civilians arrested, including 13 children and a woman

·         Limited incursion into eastern Khan Younis and pamphlets were left demanding farmers harvest their lands

·         2 houses and a shop self-demolished in Jerusalem, and 30 cease-construction and demolition notices served in the West Bank

·         Settler-attacks: settlers assault a child in Jerusalem, others built a hut and assaulted Palestinian civilians and a journalist in Hebron

·         IOF established 46 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 6 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

 

 

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians that are mostly conducted after midnight and in the early morning hours. This week, IOF demolitions of Palestinian homes and properties continued as part of Israel’s de facto annexation and under various pretexts in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, IOF also served wide-scale demolition and cease-construction notices and confiscated several vehicles. Also, Israeli settlers continued their assaults on Palestinian civilians and their attempts to seize Palestinian lands located near settlements.

This week, PCHR documented 187 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

On 11 December 2020, Abdul-Naser Waleed Halaweh (56), a Palestinian man with disability, succumbed to wounds he sustained on 17 August 2020 after Israeli soldiers shot him as he was travelling via Kalandia checkpoint, northeastern occupied East Jerusalem. Also, 16 civilians, including a woman, were wounded during IOF incursion into Nablus; 10 civilians wounded in two separate incidents in Ramallah, a woman was wounded while inside her home in Tulkarm, which is located near the annexation wall; a Palestinian man was wounded in IOF suppression of Kafr Qaddum weekly protest; 3 sustained wounds in an IOF incursion into Tulkarm, and another was wounded in a similar incursion into Nablus.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF shelled (arterially) an uninhabited house in southeastern Gaza, causing damage. Additionally, 5 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands, and once at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 107 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them.7During this week’s incursions, 94 Palestinians were arrested, including 13 children and a woman.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted an incursion into eastern Khan Younis, and put signs demanding farmers harvest their crops within 200 meters from the border fence

Demolitions:

 PCHR documented 12 incidents, including:

  • Ramallah: garbage truck confiscated in Al-Mazra’a Algharbeyeh.
  • Occupied East Jerusalem: shop and two houses self-demolished; 2 residential barracks removed and confiscated; demolition and raising at Yusufia cemetery near Bab al-Asbat Minaret.
  • Nablus: coffee streetcar confiscated, and a caravan used as a car wash in Huwara; 5 cease-construction notices served to 4 houses and 1 barracks in Qaryut village.
  • Jericho: 2 tractors confiscated, and work stopped at an agricultural land.
  • Tubas: an SUV and a tractor confiscated in the northern Jordan valleys.
  • Jenin: 11 demolition notices served against street food carts
  • Hebron: 14 cease-construction notices served to houses and barracks; 500 meters of stone walls demolished; and 19 dunums razed.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 4 settler-violence incidents: assault on a child in occupied East Jerusalem; a hut built on Palestinian land near “Kiryat Arba” settlement and Palestinian civilians were assaulted in the area; a journalist assaulted in Hebron.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

     I.            Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity

·         At approximately 07:30 on Thursday, 10 December 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire around them, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.

·         On Friday, 01 December 2020, ‘Abed al-Naser Waleed Halawa (56) succumbed to wounds he sustained on Monday, 17 August 2020, after Israeli soldier opened fire at him while passing through Qalandia military checkpoint, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. Halawa, a person with a disability (deaf and mute) living in Nablus, was shot and killed by IOF when he passed Kalandia military through vehicles lane. IOF claimed that he attempted to stab an Israeli soldier and did not obey their orders. Halawa was taken to Shaare Zedek Hospital in West Jerusalem for treatment. Faten Halawa, Abed al-Naser’s sister, said that her brother, a deaf-mute man who has 3 sons, got out of his house on Monday heading to his sister’s house in occupied East Jerusalem. Abed al-Naser told his family that he wants to visit his sister and perform prayers at al-Aqsa Mosque. Faten pointed out that IOF conducted some changes at Kalandia checkpoint, so her brother accidentally crossed from the area designated for the soldiers crossing. She clarified that Israeli soldiers shouted at her brother, but he did not hear them. Meanwhile, IOF opened fire at him, wounding him with several live bullets in his feet. He was then taken to an Israeli hospital, where he stayed for 3 months. During which, he underwent 4 surgeries, and was waiting other surgeries before returning him to Nablus 2 weeks ago. Halawa added that her brother was in a serious health condition when he arrived at Nablus, as he lost his memory and did not know any of his family members. Halawa said that: “It seems that the drugs had a great effect on him, as he was losing his appetite for food. Few days later, his health condition was deteriorated until he died at dawn.”

·         At approximately 07:00, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Kafr Malik village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, during which, they deliberately fired a barrage of teargas canisters between Palestinians’ houses. As a result, many villagers suffocated due to teargas inhalation. IOF incursion into the village continued until 10:00. They then withdrew from the eastern entrance to the village, closed it with sand berms and stationed there. Meanwhile, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered near the village’s eastern entrance and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF, who clashed with them and fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. As a result, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation. The clashes continued, during which, a military SUV crashed a civilian car carrying 3 Palestinians. IOF immediately opened fire at the car, wounded two of its passengers and arrested another one. The passengers were identified as:

1.      The driver, Ahmed ‘Abdullah Ba’irat (26), who was shot with a rubber bullet in his hand;

2.      Shaker Anwar Shaker (26), whose left hand was fractured when he attempted to flee from the car; and

3.      Mohammed Mostafa Hamayil (28), who was arrested by IOF and taken to an unknown destination.

The wounded civilians were taken to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah for treatment.

  • At approximately 08:00, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israeli, east of Khan Yunis, opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern Al-Fukhari village; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00, a peaceful protest took off in the center of al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah, at the call of the villagers, towards lands under the threat of confiscation and in protest to the establishment of new settlement outposts in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to the village. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers and annexation wall. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. The protestors chanted slogans again against the Israeli occupation and settlers. IOF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, 9 4 civilians sustained rubber bullets wounds in their lower extremities and received treatment on the spot. Also, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 13:30, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in al-Taweel Mount area, east of al-Bireh city, and threw stones at a military checkpoint established near “Psagot” settlement, which is established on the village’s eastern lands. IOF chased the stone-throwers and fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, many protestors suffocated dye to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot. No casualties or arrests among the protestors were reported.
  • At approximately 16:20, IOF conducted a military training near the annexation wall established on Far’un village lands, south of Tulkarm. As a result, Subiha Nemer Omar (42) was shot with a live bullet in her shoulder while present in her house located near the mentioned training site and taken to Dr. Thabet Governmental Hospital for treatment. 
  • At approximately 12:30 on Saturday, 12 December 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinians. IOF chased the protestors, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, a 22-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his foot.
  • At approximately 14:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyia area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at a military checkpoint established at the northern entrance to Hebron, so-called Checkpoint (56). IOF chased the stone-throwers and fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, many young men suffocated dye to teargas inhalation. The clashes continued until 17:00; no arrests among the protestors were reported.
  • At approximately 17:15, IOF moved into Showika suburb, north of Tulkarm. IOF chased Palestinian young men gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, 3 civilians were wounded; 2 with rubber bullets and one with a teargas canister. IOF also arrested ‘Obada Jamal al-Badou (22) and withdrew later.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis, fired several live bullets around a sanitation truck in eastern Khuzaʽa village; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:45, IOF stationed in (16) military site, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds approached the border fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Monday, 14 December 2020, IOF stationed in (16) military site, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds approached the border fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.

Mohammed al-Nasher’s house was shelled in eastern Gaza City

  • At approximately 22:00, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israeli, fired an artillery shell at uninhabited house belonging to Mohammed Yousef ‘Abed al-Kareem al-Neser (24), 1200 meters to the west of the border fence, east of Gaza Valley, south of Gaza City. As a result, the house sustained material damage; no casualties were reported. The targeted house was comprised of one floor built on an area of 100 square meters and 2 rooms, living room, kitchen and bathroom.  Mohammed Yousef ‘Abed al-Kareem al-Neser said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: “ while I was on my way back to my family house in Gaza Valley village (Juhor ad-Dik), south of Gaza City, after inviting my friends to attend my wedding next day, I heard loud explosion near our house, so I harried up. When I arrived there, I saw my uninhabited house was burning. My relatives and I tried to put out the fire until the arrival of the Palestinian Civil Defense teams who put out the fire. My house sustained material damage. It should be noted that the security situation was stable in the area, and I do not know why IOF targeted the house.”
  • At approximately 12:15, IOF stationed in (16) military site, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds approached the border fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Tuesday, 15 December 2020, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian young men gathered, set fire to tires and threw stones at Israeli infantry units. IOF immediately fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them to disperse them. As a result, a 20-year-old male, from Nablus, sustained live bullet shrapnel in his face and received treatment at Rafidia Hospital. Also, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Bireh city and deployed along the main street in front of al-Bireh municipality. IOF raided and searched Zakaria Jehad al-Nahhas’ (44) house and arrested him. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at IOF, who clashed with them and fired teargas canisters and sound bombs at them. As a result, dozens of civilians, including two journalists namely Moahmmed Turukman and Kareem Khamasia, suffocated due to teargas inhalation 

  II.            Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 10 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed near the UNRWA distribution center. They deployed between Palestinian houses causing fear and panic among civilians. They raided, searched and destroyed the contents of several houses after breaking the doors, and arrested (12) civilians. The arrestees were taken to the watch tower established at the western entrance of the camp, by foot, to be investigated by the Israeli Intelligence services’ officers who threatened them to storm their houses if they continued throwing stones at Bypass Road (60). At approximately 07:00 on the next day, the arrestees were released. The arrestees are: Ammar Mohammed Jawabra (27), Samed Mahmoud Jawabra (35), Ammar Mahmoud Jawabra (30), Nader Jaser al-Sharif (34), Moheeb Mahmoud al-Najmi (25), Salah Emad al-Kindawi (26), Ma’moun Rasheed Abu Jouda (28), Salah Mohammed al-‘As’as (27), Mohammed Fathi al-Yasouri (26). Fathi Jaber al-Badawi (63), Wael Fathi al-Badawi (41), and Mostafa Maher Abu Warda.

Meanwhile, IOF stormed and searched several places as; the headquarter of the Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees (UPWC), the office of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), and Abu Judeh Print shop that owned by Abdul Rahman Sufian Abu Judeh (36), where IOF confiscated equipment estimated at (4,000 NIS).

Fathi Abu al-Badawi said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF brutally stormed his house and his son’s house, Wael, and damaged the contents of the house after detaining his family in the living room.

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Jamal Mohammed Brighith (62) and Mo’tasem Sameer Brighith (26) and took them to “Gush Etzion” settlement’s detention center, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into Tubas, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and handed Mus’ab Jaser Siyaj (35), works as a soldier in the Palestinian National Security Forces, a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 03:15, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Kobar, north of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched five houses and arrested (5) civilians; Tamer Hisham al-Barghouthi (32), Montaser Mahmoud Yousef (28), Alaa Farhat Yousef (25), Ra’ed Abdullah al-Fahel (22), and Tha’er Tawfiq al-Barghouthi (26); who was released in the morning of the next day.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Mahmoud Afana and Ali Fayez Salah, and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Shuyukh al-Arrub village. They raided and searched Zakariya Mahmoud Owaidat’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Ein al-Sultan refugee camp, in western Jericho. They raided and searched Mohammed Khamis al-Jahalin’s (50) house and arrested his two sons Ibrahim (24) and Ali (19).
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF arrested Ammar Mohammed Jawabra (26) and Moheeb Mohammed al-Najmi (25), from al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, after being summoned for investigation by the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF moved into al-Dahra neighborhood in al-Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mansour Ali Naser (22) and Mohammed Belal Abu al-Hums (23) and took them to al-Bareed police station in Salah al-Dein street, for investigation. IOF released them after two hours.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Shu’afat neighborhood, north of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Naser Subhi Abu Khudair’s (59) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Abu Khudair who is one of the Palestinian National Movement leaders, and belongs to the PFLP, was wounded while preparing an explosive device (bomb) in the beginning of 80’s. However, he was arrested more than 12 times and spent almost about 16 years in the Israeli prisons.
  • IOF carried out (13) incursions in Hajja, east of Qalqilya; Tayasir, east of Tubas; Zububa. Jalamah, and Jaba’, in Jenin governorate; Kafr Qallil and Sebastia in Nablus governorate; Sa’ir, Tabaqa, and Idhna, in Hebron governorate; Qarawat Bani Zeid, Deir Ghassana, and Mazari al-Nubani, in Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 11 December 2020:

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Qablan, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Belal Sharif al-Emla (25).
  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mus’ab Mahmoud Muhaisen’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Bireh, and stationed in al-Khan street. They raided and searched Fadi Abdul Dayim al-Faransi’s (29) house and arrested him. Meanwhile, another IOF was raiding al-Faransi’s store, next to their house, after breaking the door of the store, and damaged all its contents.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Ras Kabsa area in al-Eizariya, wast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Jehad Damdoum’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:25, IOF stationed at the entrance of al-Lubban al-Sharqiya village, southeast of Nablus, arrested Mohammed Raja Owais (16) and Mohammed Yousef Owais (16), from the village. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF stationed at the entrance of Huwara military camp, southeast of Nablus, arrested Isma’el Mohammed Isma’el (20), from Tell village, southwest of Nablus. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF arrested (3) civilians while present in al-Wad street in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF severely beaten and took them to one of the police centers in the city. The arrestees are; Mohammed Taha (21) and Rajeh Riyashi (23), and the third one is still not identified.
  • IOF carried out (9) incursions in Nablus, Asira al-Qibliya, Sarra, and tall villages in Nablus governorate; Ti’inik and Silat al-Harithiya villages, west of Jenin; Arraba, southwest of Jenin; Hebron and Bani Na’im in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 12 December 2020:

  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Taysir Yousef Muhaisen’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Qusai Ibrahim Hazayla (19), while present near Bab Hutta, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF severely beaten and took him to one of the police centers in the city.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mousa Haitham Mustafa (15) and Mohammed Baker Mustafa (22) and arrested them.

Sunday, 13 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Saf street, in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Firas Ibrahim al-Yamani (34) and Saleh Abed al-Harimi (45) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Karkafi street, in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Mohammed Abdul Ghani Salhab (18), Mustafa Emad Salhab (18), and Nour Khaled Qaraqi’ (20).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Eizariya, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Atta Maher Hamdan’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yazan Khaled Mohsen’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:15, IOF arrested Laith Basem Ja’ara (22), from Tulkarm, while referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services, that recently summonsed him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Hazem Zakaria Owaidat (20), from al-Shuyukh village, north of Hebron. Owaidat was arrested while he was on his way back home from his university in Birzeit.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, arrested Mohammed Essam Hammad (20), from ‘Arraba, southwest of Jenin. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

Monday, 14 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Zawata, west of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Alaa Ahmed Hmaidan (44).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched three houses and arrested (3) civilians; including two children. The arrestees are: Feras Zakaria al-Qiq (18), Fo’ad Amjad Hadoush (17), and Amjad Ayed al-Titi (17).
  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Kifl Haris, north of Salfit. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ahmed Zeid Saleh (23).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Alaa Abdul Naser Abu Shanab (24).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Lo’ay Abdullah Ghaith’s (45) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested the wounded child Omar Ahmed Mahmoud (16), while going out of the Aqsa Mosque in the ocuupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to one of the police centers in the city and extended his arrest until the next Thursday.

It should be noted that Mahmoud was shot with a rubber bullet below his eye while present in front of his house in al-Isawiya, during the clashed between IOF and the village’s young men on 06 December 2020.

  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Saleh Bader Abu ‘Asab (20) and Mohammed Baker Mustafa (21) and handed them summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Zububa, west of Jenin; Nablus and Jamma’in, southeast of Nablus; Idhna and Beit Kahil, in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 15 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, huge Israeli forces accompanied with dozens of Israeli soldiers and special forces moved into Obaid neighborhood, northwest of Isawiya village. They raided and searched dozens of houses. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered, they threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who chased the demonstrators and responded by firing teargas canisters. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation, and 8 civilians, including 2 children, were arrested. The arrestees are: Mohammed Yaser al-Jayyar (14), Rawhi Yaser al-Jayyar (16), Mohammed Issa Bader (23), Mohammed Haitham Mustafa (18), Mahmoud Mousa Mustafa (18), Adam Fadi Mustafa (19), Rasheed Mousa Darwish (18), and Mahmoud Sultan Derbas (24).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Jaber Abu Sil (20) and Rabah Belal Fdailat (23), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hizma, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Fathi Kan’an’s (58) house and arrested him along with his wife, Najla’ Mohammed Kan’an (51).

Fathi Kan’an said that he was released after an hour of his arrest at Benjamin police station in Jaba’ village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, and his wife was referred to Ariel investigation center. Kan’an said that he was surprised to see the IOF and the police dogs storming his house in Tublas, in Hizma village. They broke the front door, raided and searched the house and the garden around the house accurately, then took him and his wife to Benjamin police station. Kan’an explained his concerns about his wife, who was arrested for the first time, and suffers from several chronic illnesses since years and needs special health care and medicines. He added that this was not the first time that IOF storm and search his house, they moved into his house several times before arresting his son, Hamza (23), 12 days ago, and he is still under arrest in Ofer detention center in Ramallah. Fathi notified that his son was arrested several times for investigation and spent 17 months in the Israeli prisons. Fathi also mentioned his other son, Sufian, was also detained in Ofer prison for two years and half, without issuing any sentence against him. It is important to mention that Fathi’s eldest son, Mohammed (29), was shot killed by the Israeli soldiers near Hizma cemetery at the end of July 2017.

  • At approximately 03:20, IOF moved into Birzeit, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ibrahim Shamasna’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Montaser Riyad Abu Srour (24) and Hamza Abdul Aziz Abu Srour (26) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood, in al-Isawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Hamza Obaid’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF raided and searched two houses belonging to Tha’er Riyad Abu Lafi (31) and Nader Ahmed Halahla (28) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF arrested Sami Fteiha (34), while present near Bab al-Asbat, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to one of the detention centers in the city and released him after issuing a decision of banning his entry to the Aqsa Mosque for 6-months.
  • At approximately 18:15, IOF moved into Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Hassan Abdul Qader ‘Amer (22).
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Ayman Onaid (20), while present near his house in Obaid neighborhood, northwest of Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Iraq Burin, southeast of Nablus; Halhul, al-Shuyukh and Beit Kahil in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 16 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Sami al-Ja’bari’s (37) house in al-Sheikh neighborhood and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Qarawat Bani Hassan, west of Salfit. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Bara’ Sa’ed Assi (23), Mustafa Ya’qoub Assi (25), and Ahmed Moheeb Mir’y (21).
  • At approximately 01:45, IOF moved into Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Mahdi Ayman Abu Sirr (22), Hamad Mohammed Abu Jamous (21), a medical student at al-Najah University, and Emad Shukry al-Buth (21).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Zohdi Hesham Awad’s house and arrested his two sons; Mohammed (16) and Sharif (15).
  • At approximately 02:20, IOF moved into Dura al-Qar’, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mohammed Subhi Hamdan’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nidal Ya’qoub Nfei’at (31).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and a Bulldozer moved into Silwad, east of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched the house of the prisoner Mo’ath Saleh al-Najjar, and detained his family in one room, then confiscated a Gust vehicle belonging to Mo’ath’s father without providing any previous verbal or written notice.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and bulldozers moved 100-meters to the East of Abasan al-Kabira and Khuza’a, east of Khan Yunis. They combed and levelled lands adjacent the border fence to the south, east of al-Fukhari, as they extended the incursion to 200-meters, and combed a well-prepared agricultural land. They put banners written in Arabic and Hebrew stating: “Farmers, your crops have breached the area allowed for farming, if all crops are not harvested in the declared period they will be removed.” Later, the deployed again inside the abovementioned border fence.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Ein Beit al-Ma’ refugee camp, Zawata, Deir Sharaf, Sebatia, Tell, and Einabus villages in Nablus governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF accompanied by 3 Civil Administration SUVs and a trailer moved into Huwara town in southeastern Nablus, northern West Bank. They stationed in Ras-Zeid area, south of the town, and confiscated Abdul-Fatah Yusuf Damdey’s tin-plated coffee cart (8sqm). They also confiscated Jamal Khader Oda’s tin-plated caravan (24 sqm) intended for use as a carwash. IOF claimed the confiscations were due to illegal presence in Area C.
  • Also on Thursday, Mounir ‘Eweisat self-demolished his shop in al-Madaris street in Jabel Mukaber, southeastern occupied East Jerusalem, pursuant to the Israeli Municipality decision for unlicensed construction.

‘Eweisat stated that his family shop (35 sqm) is more than 40 years old, and that he and his brother turned it into a grocery store four years ago. Since then, the Israeli Municipality in Jerusalem has haunted him with demolition notices and dozens of raids into the shop, the last of which was three days before the demolition when they handed him a final demolition notice for him to carry out; otherwise, Municipality crews would conduct the demolition and bill him, and on top of that fine him dozens of Israeli shekels for building violations. ‘Eweisat added that the shop was the only source of income for his family of five and noted that it would be very difficult for him to find a job especially with the coronavirus crisis.

  • Early on Saturday, 12 December 2020, Mahmoud and Mohammed Khaled Mousa al-Khales self-demolished their houses in Silwan, southern Old East Jerusalem, pursuant to Israeli Municipality decision for unlicensed construction. Mohammed’s house sheltered a family of 5, including 3 children. And Mahmoud’s sheltered a family of 7, including 5 children.

Their father, Khaled al-Khales, stated that he had built both houses for his sons a year ago on an area of 180 sqm. He added that since the construction was finalized, the Israeli Municipality followed him with demolition orders. He hired a lawyer and engineers who filed for a license, but the Municipality refused to approve it. Almost two months ago, the Municipality attempted to demolish the houses but one of the construction vehicles broke down and could not finalize the demolition; they withdrew and billed the family ILS 70,000 for the demolition. The Municipality order the family to finish the demolition; al-Khales sons complied with the decision to avoid another fine that could exceed ILS300,000.

  • At approximately 10:30 on Sunday, 13 November 2020, IOF accompanied by a Civil Administration SUV moved into Qaryut, southeastern Nablus, northern West Bank. They stationed in Adababis area, opposite “Shiloh” and “Shafut Rachel” settlements. They posted 5 cease-construction notices on 4 houses and a barracks for alleged illegal construction in Area C. The notices granted a two-week period for objections, until 30 December 2020.
No.NameFacilityNotes
 Ammar Ibrahim Mousa2-story house (200sqm each)Ready for move-in
 Ibrahim Amin I. Mousa1-story house (120sqm)In final construction stages
 Aysar M. Y. Mousa1-story house (130 sqm)In final construction stages
 Suliman Z. Ar-Rashaydeh200 sqm residential barracksIn final construction stages
 Zaied Ar-Rashaydeh50sqm house (room and bathroom)In final construction stages
  • At approximately 12:40 on Sunday, IOF stationed on a military point in northern Ramallah, shot tear gas and stun grenades at farmers in Ein Harasheh area in the southern parts of al-Mazra’ al-Gharbieh town. The forces cornered a municipal garbage truck, forced its driver off and confiscated it. No casualties or arrests were reported. It should be noted that Ein Harashed is targeted for Israeli settlement expansion projects and witnesses escalated settler-attacks; also, Israeli authorities ban any construction by the indigenous people in prelude to its confiscation.
  • Early on Monday, 14 December 2020, IOF construction vehicles removed and confiscated two residential barracks in al-Za’atreh community in az-Za’ayyem village, eastern occupied East Jerusalem, for alleged unlicensed construction. The barracks are property of brothers Imran and Murad M. Azza’atreh.

Chairman of az-Za’ayyem village council stated that IOF construction vehicles removed Imran and Murad Za’atreh’s barracks (70sqm each) which housed 4 individuals. It should be noted that the az-Za’ayyem area residents live in proximity to the annexation wall, an Israeli military checkpoint and a metal gate that controls their movement, which has turned their lives into a true tragedy. Israeli authorities had replaced a checkpoint that separated az-Za’ayyem from At-Tur village with a huge metal gate, which opened for 4 hours a day. After an appeal to the Supreme Court of Israel, the gate is now open 8 hours a day solely for entry into az-Za’ayyem.

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF reinforced with a construction vehicle and the Civil Administration moved into Khirbet Zanuta, western ad-Dhahiriya city, 20 km south of Hebron City. The Civil Administration distributed 14 cease-construction notices to Palestinians in the area for alleged construction without license in Area C. The area has a population of 70 persons, who live in tin-plated rooms and rely on sheep farming for a living. They had built a tan-plated school in the area, that was demolished by IOF and then rebuilt by the community; the Israeli Civil Administration has targeted the school ever since with demolition notices.
NameFacilityDescriptionAreaYearFamilyChildrenFundingNotice typeNotice No.
Shihda KhdeiratHouseTin-plated16sqm20182PersonalCease-construction
Shihda KhdeiratSheep farming barracksTin-plated with plastic roofing120sqm20202PersonalCease-construction30871
Basem KhdeiratRoomStones and tin plates30sqm201842PersonalCease-construction30869
Hamad KhdeiratBarracks for sheep farmingPlastic cover and pipes100sqm201984PersonalCease-construction30870
Amer al-TulDwellingPlastic cover and pipes40sqm199475PersonalCease-construction30862
Ahmed al-TulBarracks for sheep farmingPlastic cover and pipes80sqm201831PersonalCease-construction30863
Suliman al-TulResidential roomConcrete floor and tin plates30sqm201563PersonalCease-construction30864
Suliman al-TulArborTin plates20sqm201063PersonalCease-construction30864
Suliman al-TulBarracks for sheep farmingPlastic roofing90sqm201863YMCACease-construction30873
Mohammed al-TulDwellingConcrete floor and tin plates35sqm201486YMCACease-construction30866
Bajis al-TulDwellingTin plates36sqm20142YMCACease-construction
Faris SamamraBarracks for sheep farmingPlastic roofing and pipes150sqm20181711YMCACease-construction30861
Susya village councilRoomTin plates40sqm2020OrganizationsCease-construction30872
ClinicRoomTin plates20sqm2020OrganizationsCease-construction30872
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF accompanied by a Civil Administration SUV moved into Um al-Qiba area in the northern Jordan valley, eastern Tubas, northern West Bank. They stationed in Ad-Dababis area and immediately confiscated Mahdy Daraghmeh’s SUV, Chairman of al-Maleh and al-Madareb Bedouin Community Council. They also confiscated a tractor; both vehicles were taken to an Israeli military camp and detained allegedly for working in Area C.
  • Early on Tuesday, 15 December 2020, Israeli bulldozers continued the demolitions at the Yusufia cemetery near Bab al-Asbat Minaret for the second consecutive day, after it had demolished its stairway two weeks ago.

Mustafa Abu Zahra, Head of the Committee for the Preservation of Islamic Cemeteries in Jerusalem, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that the Israeli municipality demolished a large portion of the cemetery’s northern wall and the land adjacent to decades old graves. The demolition is part of the Israeli authorities’ plan to establish the “Biblical garden path” project around occupied Jerusalem’s fence.

For his part, Ahmed Dajani, Executive Director of the Committee for the Preservation of Islamic Cemeteries in Jerusalem, said that Municipality crews demolished the cemetery’s stairway two weeks ago; which is used to access both the cemetery, al-Aqsa Mosque and the Old City via Bab al-Asbat. The Municipality demolished its northern wall and nearby graves. Dajani condemned the Israeli Municipality’s intent to establish a park in the area as it is not needed and that the Yusufia cemetery is overcrowded with graves and needs expansion rather than confiscating parts of it.

It should be noted that the idea of “Biblical garden path” project appeared in 1970, but in the recent years, it was escalated and developed. This project is concentrated in areas surrounding Al-Aqsa Mosque and Jerusalem’s historic fence and the area surrounding occupied East Jerusalem in addition to areas overlooking it, especially the southern, eastern, and northern areas.

  • At approximately 11:00, IOF accompanied by several military and Civil Administration vehicles, including construction vehicles, moved into Souba area in Idhna town western Hebron. The soldiers deployed in the area while the construction vehicles proceeded to demolish 500-meter stone walls and razed 19 dunums of agricultural lands: 9 dunums of 20-year-old almond trees; 7 dunums of 20-year-old olive trees; 3 dunums of 10-year-old cactus. The land is owned by Ali Amer Abriosh, and the demolition was allegedly for work in Area C.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Wednesday, 16 December 2020, an Israeli military force reinforced with military vehicles moved into az-Zubaidat village in the northern Jordan valleys, northern Jericho. Israeli Civil Administration employees stopped Fadi Abdallah Zbaidat, and Mansour H. Zbaidat from working in their lands under pretext of being State lands; the soldiers confiscated two Fiat 466 tractors and transported them to “Argaman” settlement.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Wednesday, IOF accompanied by a Civil Administration SUV moved into ‘Anin village, western Jenin, northern West Bank. The Civil Administration employee served 11 demolition notices to food and beverage carts near the annexation wall for alleged illegal work in Area C; they were given a one week period to execute the demolition. The carts are property of: Radi and Mahmoud Khdour; Aseed, Yazeed and Waleed Issa; Ismail Yassin; Assem Issa; Hakam and Ashraf Yassin; and Mohammed Issa.

Settler attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property

  • On Thursday evening, 10 November 2020, an Israeli settler assaulted Samir Alaa Rowaydy (6) while present in front of his house in al-Ain area, Silwan, southern occupied East Jerusalem.

Rowaydy’s father, Alaa, stated to PCHR that the settler assaulted his son while he was with his cousin, Mohammed (8), a few meters from the house. The settler pushed the boy and kicked him in the stomach and foot then chased him and his cousin into the house, insulting them. He added that his son was terrified and unable to speak or move, he called him an ambulance that transported him to receive treatment and he called the police. Rowaydy filed a complaint with the police and presented them with medical reports.

  • Early on Friday, 11 December 2020, a group of settlers built a hit on Aref Jaber’s land in Al Baqa’a eastern Hebron, near “Kiryat Arba” settlement. Jaber stated to PCHR fieldworker that “I received a call that settlers built a hut inside my 50 dunum land in al-Baqa’a area while Israeli soldiers were present in the area. I went there my relative Saher Jaber and we spoke with the soldier; the settlers attacked us and pushed us out, throwing stones at my vehicle breaking its rear window; meanwhile, the soldiers did nothing to stop them. We went to “Kiryat Arba” police station to file a complaint.”
  • At approximately 11:00 on Saturday, 12 December 2020, a settler assaulted journalist Mohannad Kofeisheh (28) before the Israeli soldiers near Gilbert military checkpoint, established on the entrance of Tel Rumeida neighborhood while shooting a report on the coronavirus pandemic.

Kofeisheh made the following statement to PCHR fieldworker:

“I work for Palestine Sports TV and freelance with different media agencies. At approximately 11:00 on Saturday, I was near Gilbert checkpoint where a group of settlers was present and one of them said in Hebrew, which I understand, “I am going to beat him.” I approached one of the soldiers in the area and told him what I heard, and while I was speaking to him a settler approached me and hit me on the head, so I photographed him with my camera. The soldier yelled at me and told me and the settler to step away after a group gathered around us. Approximately 15 minute later an Israeli police force arrive in the area and I told a policeman what happened and showed him the photo of the settler and filed a complaint with him. Later, I went home and received a call from the Israeli police who ordered me to go to Gilbert checkpoint. Upon my arrival, they asked me to accompany them to the Ibrahimi Mosque police station to identify the settler; I went and stayed there for 30 minutes where I was told that I am under arrest as the settler had filed a complaint against me. I was taken to “Beitar Illit” police station via a police car in western Jerusalem. I was there for an hour; I was then admitted to an investigation room where I was investigated on the incident. I showed the investigator the footage on my camera which documented the settler’s assault on me. I was left in the hall and the police brought in the settler who stayed with the investigator for an hour and a half. The investigator ordered my release after I signed an unpaid bail of ILS3,000.

  • At approximately 12:00 on Sunday, 13 December 2020, a group of settlers from “Kiryat Arba” settlement assaulted civilian homes in al-Uddeisa village, northern Hebron. In an attempt to control the land. The settlers cursed the residents and threatened to burn their homes. The attack was preceded by settlers building a hut on Jaber family lands the day before.

IV. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to 108 permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 64 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 6 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF shut the eastern entrance to Kafr Malik town, northern Ramallah for four hours.
  • On Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF shut Beit El DCO checkpoint from 18:00 – 22:00 hindering traffic.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF established two temporary checkpoints at the entrance of Teqoa own and Akbat Hasna area.
  • On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF established two temporary checkpoints at the entrance of Teqoa and Akbat Hasna area.
  • At approximately 15:30 on Saturday, 12 December 2020, IOF shut the Container checkpoint hindering traffic. It was reopened later.
  • On Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF established 3 temporary checkpoints on the entrance to Beit Jala, Teqoa and al-Khader.
  • On Monday, 14 December 2020, IOF established 4 temporary checkpoints on the western entrances to Teqoa and Husan towns, and at the entrance to Akbat Hasna area and Marah Rabah village.
  • On Tuesday, 15 December 2020, IOF established 4 military checkpoints on the northern and western entrances to Teqoa town, Fureidis village, and in Akbar Hasna area.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 12 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho and at the intersection of al-Mo’arajat road, connecting between Jericho and Ramallah.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of “Shafi Shomron” settlement, west of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of “Shafi Shomron” settlement, west of Nablus.
  •  On Monday, 14 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Burin, Tell and Madama villages, south of Nablus.
  • On Tuesday, 15 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint in the northern bridge of Madama village, southeast of Nablus. 


Jenin:

  • On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at al-Maniyia village square, northeast of Jenin.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Halhul village, at the southern entrance to Hebron and at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Fawwar refugee camp and at the northern entrance to Yatta city.
  • On Saturday, 12 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp, at the western entrance to Hebron and at the entrances to Susya and as-Samu villages.
  • On Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to as-Samu, Ash-Shuyukh and Tarqumiyah villages, and at the southern entrance to Hebron.

Qalqilya:

  • On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Jit village, north of Qalqilya, and removed it later.
  • On Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Jit and Azzun villages, east of Qalqilya.

Salfit:

·         On Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.

·         On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Salfit and prevented the city residents from entering or exciting it and allowed them to pass later.

·         On Saturday, 12 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Ballut and Deir_Istiya villages.

·         On Tuesday, 15 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Kafr ad-Dik village, west of Salfit; at the entrance to Kifl_Haris village, north of Salfit; and at the entrance to Salfit.

PCHR Demands Relief for Workers Hurt by the Coronavirus Pandemic

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Date: 14 December 2020

Time: 08:00 GMT

The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights follows with concern the humanitarian conditions of Gaza Strip’s workers under the government-imposed restriction to curb the spread of the coronavirus, including nighttime curfew and weekend shutdowns that stated last Saturday, 11 December 2020. PCHR warns of the catastrophic deterioration in the living conditions of thousands of workers who lack the minimum standards for dignified life due to the shutdown or reduced work in the facilities they work in. PCHR demands the Palestinian government and the Gaza authorities to support these workers without political or geographical discrimination.

According to PCHR’s follow-up, at least 160,000 workers, mostly daily workers who earned a living through daily work in institutions and facilities that had shutdown or reduced operations due to the Covid-19 pandemic, mainly factories, shops, schools, universities and daycares, as well as, wedding halls, restaurants, coffee shops, popular markers and in transportation. These workers have lost their sources of income and their means to support their families’ minimum needs. Some workers were let go or their hours/workdays were reduced, others had pay cuts inflicted on their already low wages; 80% received wages below the minimum wage decided in the Council of Ministers decision No. 11 of 2012, which set the minimum wages at 1,450ILS/month, and minimum wages for daily workers, especially those working on ad-hoc basis, to 64 ILS/day.

PCHR has monitored the government interventions to support workers who lost their sources of income. The Palestinian government, through the “Waqfat Ezz” Fund – Ministry of Social Development, has released a one-time relief payment of USD 150-200 to 5,000 workers from the Gaza Strip.[1] The Gaza authorities, mainly the Ministry of Labor, released a one-time relief payment of USD 100 for 81,850 workers affected by the pandemic in four installments. According to Eng. Maher Abu-Raya, Director General of Employment at the Ministry of Labor, said that the Gaza government’s relief payment was funded by the Gaza-Ministry of Finance, the Qatari fund and the International Committee of the Red Cross.

The government action to relieve the pandemic’s negative impact on the Gaza Strip’s workers during the state of emergency do not meet their minimum needs and did not cover all affected workers. Also, the fact that these were one-time payments does not support workers’ livelihoods, especially that they have been out of work for a lengthy period. Even more, many workers and union members complained that they were deprived of any government aid and it was not distributed on a clear criterion.

Even before the curfew was imposed, which is deemed necessary for the sake of public safety, the people of the Gaza Strip suffered from harsh living conditions with high rates of unemployment and poverty due to the Israeli-imposed closure on the Gaza Strip for the last 14 years and the accompanying restrictions on the movement of persons and goods, the ban on exports, targeted attacks on the industrial and production sectors and destroying 70% of both sectors during past Israeli offensives on the Gaza Strip.

All of the above was a main contributing factor to the increased unemployment rate in the Gaza Strip to 45% (i.e. 217,100 unemployed workers) and resulted in a 53% poverty rate among its population. Meanwhile, more than 62.2% of the Gaza population suffer from food insecurity according to the UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

In light of its fear of deteriorating living conditions for the Gaza Strip workers, especially per-day workers, in the case of a prolonged emergency situation, PCHR:

  • Believes that the Israeli-imposed closure on the Gaza Strip has led to this catastrophic situation, and the international community bears responsibility for the continuation of the closure for 14 years, due to its utter failure to take effective measures to end the closure, which encouraged Israel to act as a State above the law and to perpetrate further violations of international human rights law and humanitarian law;
  • Calls on the Palestinian government to create clear mechanisms for the relief of the Gaza Strip workers and expand the scope of support for workers affected by the pandemic, as the support should include all workers in all sectors, especially daily workers. Thus, we can ensure that workers enjoy a decent standard of living, and are able to provide their basic needs;
  • Calls upon the Palestinian government to find alternatives and solutions to help the affected workers; prominently the government should apply the Labor Law as a legal umbrella to preserve workers’ rights during these compelling circumstances; also, governmental support should be given to affected companies and institutions to be able to fulfill their duties towards their employees; and
  • Calls upon the Palestinian government to follow up on the commitment of private companies and institutions to paying workers’ wages during the lockdown, as stipulated in Article 38 of the Labor Law, which remains in force during the declared state of emergency, while underlining the importance of government support to affected companies and institutions to be able to fulfill their duties to their employees.

[1] Gaza – Palestine General Federation of Trade Unions data

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine (03 – 09 December 2020)

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  • IOF shot and killed Palestinian, northeast of Ramallah
  • 19 Palestinian civilians wounded, including 6 childern, in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem
  • 3 shootings reported at agricultural lands, and 3 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 93 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 77 civilians arrested, including 7 children and a woman
  • IOF demolished and confiscated 10 barracks in Ramallah and Jericho and distributed 9 cease-construction notices in Hebron
  • 9,000 settlement units constructed on the land of Jerusalem International Airport in occupied East Jerusalem
  • Settler-attacks: an attempt to burn a church in occupied East Jerusalem and 90 trees cut and uprooted in Salfit
  • IOF established 61 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

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Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, in a new crime of excessive use of lethal force, IOF killed a Palestinian during the suppression of a peaceful protest in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah. PCHR notes the recurrence of similar crimes, as PCHR’s staff documented the killing of 22 Palestinian civilians, including 6 children and a woman, by IOF since the beginning of 2020 in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Also, PCHR’s fieldworkers monitored and documented IOF targeting of children during the suppression of protests and during incursions into the West Bank cities in recent weeks.

Furthermore, IOF demolitions of Palestinian homes and properties continued as part of Israel’s de facto annexation and under various pretexts in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

This week, PCHR documented 180 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

IOF killed a Palestinian child and wounded 19 other civilians, including 6 children, in excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem. On 04 December 2020, ‘Ali Ayman Naser Abu ‘Alia (14) was killed and 4 other civilians were wounded during the suppressing of a peaceful protest in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to  al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah. IOF killed the child without any justification and without the presence of any threat to the soldiers’ lives.

Also, 2 civilians were wounded during IOF incursion into Nablus; 7 civilians wounded, including 2 children- one sustained wounds in his eye, in occupied East Jerusalem; 2 civilians wounded in Jericho; and 4 others wounded in Dheisheh camp in Bethlehem.

In the Gaza Strip, 3  IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands, and 3 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 93 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them.7During this week’s incursions, 77 Palestinians were arrested, including 7 children and a woman. It should be noted that the woman was arrested twice.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted a limited incursion into northern Gaza Strip.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 8 incidents, including:

  • Ramallah: 2 barracks demolished in Deir Dibwan village and another barrack confiscated in eastern al-Mughayyir village;
  • Tubas: 2 excavators confiscated in northern Jordan valleys;
  • Occupied East Jerusalem: 9,000 settlement units constructed on the land of Jerusalem International Airport (Qalandia);
  • Bethlehem: 180 olive trees uprooted in al-Khader village;
  • Jericho: 7 barracks confiscated;
  • Hebron: houses and barns served 9 cease-construction notices.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 4 settler-violence incidents: 80 olive trees cut in Yasuf village; 10 olive and fig trees uprooted in western Haris village in Salfit; and a settler attempted to burn the Gethsemane Church in the Mount of Olives area in occupied East Jerusalem.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity
  • At approximately 00:00 on Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank, and stationed in the city’s eastern side. The IOF secured the entry of dozens of buses carrying settlers towards the Joseph’s tomb to perform prayers. Meanwhile, Palestinian young men gathered, set fire to tires and threw stones at IOF, who responded with rubber bullets and teargas canisters. As a result, 2 young men sustained rubber bullet wounds and received treatment at Rafidia Hospital. The wounded were: an 18-year-old male who was shot with a rubber bullet in his face, causing fractures in his teeth and mouth; and a 19-year-old male who was shot with a rubber bullet in his right foot. Also, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 08:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire around them, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • In new crime of excessive use of lethal force, Israeli occupation forces (IOF) killed on Friday, 04 December 2020, a Palestinian child and wounded 4 other civilians during the suppression of a peaceful protest in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah. The child died few hours after sustaining a live bullet in his abdomen without any justification or posing threat to the soldiers’ lives. According to investigations conducted by the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR), at approximately 11:00 on Friday, a peaceful protest took off in the center of al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah, at the call of the villagers, towards lands under the threat of confiscation and in protest to the establishment of new settlement outposts in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to the village. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers and annexation wall. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. Following the Friday prayer, the protestors chanted slogans again the Israeli occupation and settlers. IOF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, 4 civilians sustained rubber bullets wounds in their lower extremities and received treatment on the spot. At approximately 13:30, as the clashes were ongoing, Israeli soldiers shot at ‘Ali Ayman Naser Abu ‘Aliya (14), wounding him with a live bullet in his abdomen below the lung on the right side of his body. Abu ‘Aliya was immediately taken via a Palestinian Red Crescent Socitey (PRCS) ambulance to the Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah, where he underwent a surgery. At approximately 18:00 on the same day, medical sources pronounced him dead. The medical report showed that the bullet penetrated the liver and ruptured it.
  • At approximately 12:20, IOF suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinian civilians in protest at lands confiscations in favor of settlement projects. IOF chased the protestors gathered in the area and clashed with them. During which, IOF fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many protestors sustained bruises.
  • At approximately 14:45, IOF stationed at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing, northern Beit Hanoun, opened fire sporadically at adjacent border areas. Farmers were panicked due to the heavy shooting; no injuries or damage were reported.
  • At approximately15:45, IOF stationed north of al-Sifa area, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, causing fear among Palestinian civilians, who approached the fence, and forcing them to flee; no casualties or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyia area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at a military checkpoint established at the northern entrance to Hebron, so-called Checkpoint (56). IOF chased the Palestinian men in the village’s market and threw sound bombs and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. As a result, many young men suffocated dye to teargas inhalation. IOF re-positioned behind the cement cubes placed in front of the checkpoint while the young men continued to throw stones at them. Meanwhile, a photojournalist working at Wafa News Agency, Mashhour Hasan al-Wahwah (37), was in the area to cover the clashes, but an Israeli soldier threatened him, prevented him from covering the clashes and denied his access to the area. Few hours later, IOF chased the young men again and al-Wahwah followed them. During which, an Israeli soldier approached al-Wahwah, shouted at him and cursed him. When al-Wahwah tried to talk with the soldier, the latter kicked him twice in his legs and ordered him to leave. Al-Wahwah tried to talk with the officer, who was on duty, but in vain. The clashes continued until 18:00; and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off al- al-Sudaniya Shore, northwest of Jabalia camp, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles and opened heavy fire around them, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  •  At approximately 08:30 on Saturday, 05 December 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire in their direction, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:10 on Sunday, 06 December 2020, IOF stationed along the Gaza-Israel border fence, east of Khan Yunis, fired live bullets towards agricultural lands east of Khuzaʽa; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 20:30 on Sunday, 06 December 2020, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, closed the village’s main street and established checkpoints near al-Arba’een mosque in the center of the village and at the entrances to nearby neighborhoods. During which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov Cocktails at IOF, who chased the protestors and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, Omar Ahmed Khalil Mahmoud (16) was shot with a rubber bullet below his left eye while present in front of his house. He was then taken to Hadassah Ein Kerem Hospital in West Jerusalem for treatment. It should be noted that Isawiya village has been the target of recurrent IOF incursions in the past year, where IOF carries out arrest campaigns against civilians under the pretext of being wanted persons, fire live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at Palestinian civilians and their houses and properties.

The wounded child Omar Mahmoud

  • At approximately 05:00 on Monday, 07 December 2020, a large Israeli force accompanied with dozens of Israeli soldiers and Special Forces moved into Dheisheh refugee camp, south of Bethlehem, where they raided and searched dozens of houses after blowing up their doors and causing fear among the inhabitants. During which, Palestinian young men gathered and threw empty bottles and Molotov Cocktails at IOF, who chased them on the village streets and fired heavy live bullets and sound bombs at them. As a result, 3 young men sustained gunshot wounds in their legs and received treatment at Beit Jala Hospital. Also, IOF arrested 4 civilians: Shehab Hasan Mezher (47), Mohammed Nedal Abu ‘Akar (27), and the siblings Mohammed (27) and Na’iem Abu ‘Akar (26).
  • At approximately 08:00, a large Israeli force accompanied with dozens of Israeli soldiers and Special Forces moved into Kalandia refugee camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Khaled ‘Abed al-Raouf Hamad’s house and arrested his sons Mo’ath (26) and Mohammed (28), taking them to an unknown destination. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF and their vehicles. IOF chased the protestors on the village streets and fired heavy live bullets and teargas canisters at them. As a result, 5 civilians, including a child, were shot with live bullets and taken to the Palestine Medical Complex for treatment. The wounded were identified:
  1. ‘Ali Hasan ‘Abed al-Qader (16), who was shot with a live bullet in the chect;
  2. ‘Ali Khaled ‘Abed al-Raouf Hamad (24), who was shot with a live bullet in the abdomen;
  3. Mohammed Ibrahim Saleh ‘Ali, who was shot with a live bullet in the thigh;
  4. Ahmed ‘Abed al-‘Aziz al-Roum, who was shot with a live bullet in his foot; and
  5. Mohammed Ibrahim Khalil Nser, who was shot with a live bullet in the foot.
  • At approximately 14:45, IOF stationed at Kalandia military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem, opened fire at Mohammed Mazen Abu Laban (24), wounding him with live bullets. IOF claimed that Abu Laban attempted to carry out a stabbing-attack. Abu Laban was taken to Hadassah Hospital, where his health condition was classified as serious. According to a video recording, Abu Laban attempted to pass the checkpoint through the vehicles lane, which is forbidden to pedestrians, IOF warned him and then shot him. In the same context, Israeli media stated that the young man, who was wounded at the military checkpoint did not carry a weapon or a knife and IOF opened fire at him because he did not obey their orders. It should be noted that Abu Laban, Shabab al-Amari’s Football Club reserve goalkeeper, was heading to a match VS Jabel Mukaber team, which took place at Faisal al-Husseini Stadium in al-Ram village, north of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 03:30 on Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF moved into Aqabat Jaber camp, southwest of Jericho. IOF were deployed in the camp, during which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF. Violent Clashes erupted between the protestors and IOF, who immediately fired teargas canisters, sound bombs and rubber bullets at the protestors. As a result, 2 civilians sustained sound bombs shrapnel wounds; the first was an 18-year-old male, who sustained shrapnel wounds in his abdomen while the second was a 24-year-old male, who sustained shrapnel wounds in his foot. Both of them received treatment on the spot. In the meantime, IOF raided and searched houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Akram al-Moqaiti (26), and the two siblings Yehia (20) and Yousef (18) Naseem al-Moqaiti.
  1. II. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 03 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-al-Mashrou’ area in al-Eizariya, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed al-Kalouni’s house and arrested his sons Samer (23) and Ibrahim (20).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Jadawil area in Beit Jala. They raided and searched Mohammed Naser Abu Sheikha’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:30, IOF moved into al-Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Oday Issam Abu Nassar (22) and Laith Kareem al-Atrash (18) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 05:30, IOF moved into al-Funduq area, east of Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ali Maher Taim (30).
  • At approximately 16:30, IOF stationed at al-Hamra military checkpoint in central valleys, north of the West Bank, arrested the two siblings Sanad (24) and Ali Sharif Ahmed Ali (26), from Jaba’ village, south of Jenin, taking them to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Yatta, Beit Ummar, and Beit ‘Amra villages in Hebron governorate; Qarawat Bani Zeid, northwest of Ramallah governorate; and Birzeit, north of Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 04 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Wadea’ Dawoud Alian’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Burqa village, northwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sa’eed Mohammed Hajja (38), and Abdul Halim Emad Daghlas (19).
  • At approximately 11:00, a group of Mista’arvim (Israeli Special Unit dressed like Palestinians) sneaked into southern Nablus. They used a white Mercedes bus, stationed on al-Ta’awon street, and surrounded a building belonging to al-Alfi family. Meanwhile, several military vehicles moved into the area coming from al-Tur mount, south of the city, to provide protection for the special unit. Before their withdrawal, IOF arrested Mo’ayad Nimir al-Alfi (47), claiming that he had been wanted for years ago, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF arrested Mahmoud al-Jondi (28), after getting out from al-Aqsa Mosque through Bab Huta, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, taking him to a police station in the city.
  • At approximately 01:15, IOF moved into New Nablus, south of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They surrounded and stormed s house belonging to Emad Mohammed al-Shami (50), a Lieutenant in the Preventive Security Service, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:30, IOF arrested Fathi Yassine Abu Srour (31), while present in Caritas area, north of Bethlehem, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF arrested Belal Ju’aiwi (24), while riding his bicycle near Rachel’s Tomb, north of Bethlehem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

Saturday, 05 December 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Bab Huta neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Omar Mousa Ajlouni’s house and took his two sons Sufian (22) and Saif (19), to a police station in the city.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed Hamed al-Natsha’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli Intelligence Services arrested Mohammed Hamza Obaid (14), from al-Issawiya village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem, after investigating with him for several hours in al-Bareed police station in the city. Obaid’s arrest was extended for the next day.

At approximately 12:00, IOF arrested Hanadi Mohammed al-Halawani (42), while attempting to enter the Aqsa Mosque through Bab al-Asbat Minaret, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took her to al-Maskoubiya police station. Al-Halawani said that, in the morning, IOF summonsed her for investigation. At approximately 12:00, IOF arrested her near Bab al-Asbat, and investigated with her about the writing on her coat: wearing a coat written on it “Bab al-Rahma is Ours” and “al-Aqsa is a Belief”. When Handi denied the charge, the investigators attempted to pressurize her to sign a decision that ban her entry to the Aqsa Mosque and Jerusalem’s Old City again, but she refused and preferred to be arrested and referred to the court rather than banning her from entering the abovementioned places. The Israeli Intelligence Services released her after threatened her to be arrested. It should be noted that IOF arrested the teacher, al-Halawani, after storming her house several times, and she was investigated several times and banned from entering the Aqsa Mosque for up to 14-months.

  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Beit Kahel, Yatta, Tarqumiyah, and Imreish, in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.
  • Sunday, 06 December 2020:
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Omar Khalil Abu al-Hawa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sami Naji Nazzal (24).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Zeita, north of Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Rabah Abdul Fattah Libdi (30), who is a former prisoner.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Eyad Ali Irsheed’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF stationed at Huwara military checkpoint, south of Nablus, arrested Mohammed Nasr al-Dein Allan (36), who is a lawyer from Einabus village, southeast of Nablus.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Khaldoun Taha Dari’s (23) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into al-Wad neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Ra’fat Sameeh Najeeb’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into al-Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Shadi Issa Ma’ali’s (40) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Ma’ali was arrested several times and served 12 years in the Israeli prisons on charge of belonging to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and participating resisting the Israeli occupation.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya and Beita, southeast of Nablus; Sa’ir and al-‘Aroub refugee camp in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 07 December 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in Bab al-Zawiya. They opened the main door, raided and searched Irsheed Printing House that belongs to Jehad Hussain Irsheed, destroyed its contents, and confiscated some of Jehad’s children’s pictures, Oday and Dania, who were killed in the Israeli offensive of 2015.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Sheikh neighborhood in the southern area of Hebron. They raided and searched Mahmoud Hamdi Shabana’s (44) house and confiscated his laptop. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Azzun, east of Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abdul Razzaq Emad Swaidan (17).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Nahalin, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Theib Abdul Hamid Najajera’s (58) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Najajera is a governmental teacher who served several years in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into Kafr Thulth, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Adel Sameeh Shawahna (22) and Murad Ammar Shawahna (19).
  • At approximately 05:10, IOF moved into Kafr Ni’ma, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Riyad Ahmed Abdo’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into al-Rashayida village, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Sa’eed Suliman Owda Fawarqa’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into Ras Khmis neighborhood in Shu’afat refugee camp, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Mohammed Ali’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF arrested Hanadi Mohammed al-Halawani (42), while present near Bab Huta, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s gates. IOF took her to a police station in the Old City and interrogated her for several hours before she was released on a condition that she will be banned from entering the Aqsa Mosque for a week, and she will later return to receive a new 6-month ban.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into al-Bustan neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mohammed Waleed al-Rajabi’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into Bab Huta, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Omar Mousa al-‘Ajlouni’s (51) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Beita, southeast of Nablus; Zububa, west of Jenin; Dura, Beit ‘Amra and al-Samu, in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.
  • Tuesday, 08 December 2020:
  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Marwan Obaid’s house and arrested his sons; Omar (24) and Mohammed (20).
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahil, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mahmoud Ra’ed Asafra’s (21) house and arrested him.

At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Za’tara village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Khaled Ibrahim Tafesh’s (55) house, who was a member in the dissolved Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC), and handed his son, Mos’ab (28), a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services. It should be noted that Tafesh is a former prisoner who was arrested several times and spent 8-years in the Israeli prisons in separate periods; part of which was under the administrative arrest.

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Dahiya neighborhood, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nidal Atef Abu Rmaila (49).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Harmala village, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Abdullah Awad Abayat (28), Isma’el Khalil al-Zeir (43), and Hamza Taleb Abu Dayya (20).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron and stationed in al-Dahar, Safa, and Asida neighborhoods. They raided and searched three housesand arrested (3) civilians including two children; Majdi Mershed Za’aqiq (16), Ibrahim Rami Za’aqiq (16), and Obaida Ghazi ‘Aadi (29). IOF blew up the door of Ghazi’s house, while Ghazi’s wife was behind the door attempting to open it. As a result, Qamar Ahmed ‘Aadi (55) sustained several bruises.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Judeida village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sameh Hussam Abu Mariam (20).

At approximately 07:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint in the entrance of Susya village, north of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They stopped the vehicles and checked the ID cards of the passengers. Meanwhile, IOF stopped a vehicle carrying the teachers of Susya Elementary School and arrested two of them: Amjad Badr Shraiteh (41) and Isma’il Ali Nawaj’a (44). Nisreen Nawaj’a, principal of Susya Elementary School, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: “After arresting the two teachers, we decided to sit-in the checkpoint and refused to leave without Nawaj’a and Shraiteh, as we were suffering from various harassments for two weeks while passing through the abovementioned checkpoint. Sometimes, the teachers had to take dirt roads to reach the school; as they were not allowed to pass through that checkpoint under the pretext of security purposes, even though, the students joined in the sit-in until the IOF released the two teachers after an hour”.

  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Sami Mutair’s (32) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services on the next day.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF arrested Mo’ath Abu Arafa (32), while he was on duty in the occupied East Jerusalem. Abu Arafa was taken to one of the investigation centers in the city and interrogated for several hours about giving religious lessons at the Aqsa Mosque. IOF released him on condition that banning his entry to the Aqsa Mosque for a week and return for investigation after that period.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested Firas Khairy Katana (22), from al-Nazla al-Gharbiya, north of Tulkarm, while present near the border fence adjacent to Zeita village, north of Tulkarm. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out incursions in Nablus. no arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 09 December 2020:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Qarawat Bani Hassan, west of Salfit. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Laith Adnan Rayyan (25).
  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Deir al-Hatab village, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Salman Ahmed Emran (39).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Bal’a village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (7) former prisoners and released them later. The arrestees were: Mohammed Emad Barabra, Talal Abu Yassine, Ja’far Ayman Shahrour, Tha’er Rida Mer’i, Naser Khalil Abu Dayya, Atiya Wael Mahmoud, and Essam Ghazi Jitawi.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al-Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and neighborhoods and arrested (4) civilians: Kamel Jalal Nakhla (25), Maher Ayyoub Dalaisha (45), Ya’qoub Mostafa Hussain (27), and Fadi Nayef Alian (40). IOF released Nakhla and Dalaisha on the same day evening.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Taqoa village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Abu Mfarreh’s house and took his sons Ahmed (18) and Mohammed (17), to unknown destinations.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with six military vehicles stationed in Abu Safiya Gate, northeast of Jabalya, north of the Gaza Strip, moved 100 meters to the north of the border fence with Israel. They levelled and combed lands that were previously levelled amidst sporadic shooting. At approximately 10:00, IOF withdrew, and no casualties were reported.
  • Also during the day, IOF conducted 8 incursions into Palestinian territory without any arrests reported: Jaba’, southern Jenin; Sebastia, northwestern Nablus; Shufa, Anabta, Deir al-Ghusun, Zeita and Far’un in Tulkarm.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 03 December 2020, an Israeli force backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with a Civil Administration vehicle and a bulldozer stormed the eastern area of Deir Dibwan village, east of Ramallah. IOF bulldozer demolished 2 barracks built of steel pillars and tin plates on an area of 120 sqm, 2 tents, a tent used for storing animal feed built on an area of 40 sqm, a barn built on area of 200 sqm. All of these facilities were used for grazing sheep and owned by Atef Awawdah Shalabi, from Deir Dibwan village. IOF also dismantled 6 steel feeding and watering equipment and confiscated them. The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • At approximately 10:50 on Sunday, 06 December 2020, IOF stormed Atouf area, east of Tammun village, southeast of Tubas in northern valleys, north of the West Bank. IOF confiscated 2 diggers owned by Aman Rabah Gharib Bani Ouda and Diya’a Bani Ouda, from the abovementioned village. IOF confiscated the 2 diggers while both Ayman and Diya’a were paving an agricultural road in for the village’s council. Confiscation was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • On the same Sunday, the Organization and Construction Department at the Israeli Municipality in occupied Jerusalem announced approved construction of 9 thousand settlement units in “Atrout” settlement established on Qalandiya and Beit Hanina village’ lands, north of occupied East Jerusalem. According to the Israeli Civil Administration Commission, thousands of new settlement units will be constructed over 600 dunums in-lieu of Jerusalem’s abandoned international airport. IOF seized these lands in the 1970s. It should be noted that the Israeli settlement expansion plan in Atrout was laid out years ago, but it was frozen more than once due to international political pressures rejecting Israeli settlements in lands occupied in 1967. Jerusalem’s international airport was located on Qalandiya lands, north of occupied Jerusalem and it was the oldest airport in Palestine as it was constructed in 1920 during the British mandate of Palestine on an area of 650 dunums. Until the Israeli occupation in 1967, the airport was used for tourism and commercial purposes from and to Jerusalem before the outbreak of the Second Intifa in 2000.
  • On Monday morning, 07 December 2020, IOF uprooted hundreds of olive trees and grape vines after they leveled lands in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. Al-Khader Village’s Municipality said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF uprooted more than 30 olive seedlings after they leveled a land owned Yaseen Khader Essa, in Wadi al-Shami area. IOF also leveled a 6-dunums land in al-Absiya area in the abovementioned village owned by Rezeq Mohammed Husein Salah. Leveling the land led to uprooting 100 olive trees and 50 grapes seedlings. It should be noted that IOF lately committed many violations against Palestinian farmers in al-Khader village, including leveling and seizing lands, uprooting trees and preventing landowners from approaching them. These Israeli practices are in favor of settlement expansion activities.
  • At approximately 06:00 on Tuesday, 12 December 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle and truck mounted crane stormed al-Qaboun area, east of Al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah. The area has been inhabited by a Bedouin community for 20 years. Israeli authorities brought workers from private companies and dismantled  and confiscated a barrack built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 90 sq.m; it is owned  by Hasan Sueliman Abu al-Kabash, and used for grazing sheep. The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C) according to Oslo Accords.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle, a truck mounted crane, and a bulldozer stormed al-Auja village, north of Jericho. IOF deployed in the area and surrounded it and brought workers from a private company; they dismantled and confiscated 7 under-construction barracks built of steel pillars and bricks (uninhabited). One of these barracks was used to  store barley and wheat crops for feeding sheep and livestock. The bulldozer also confiscated crops. The demolition and confiscation were under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The demolition details were as follows:
Affected personfacility
Mohammed Yaseen Mousa RashaidahUnder-construction barrack built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 70 sqm.
Zawada Suleiman Saleem Abu Khraish Under-construction barrack built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 70 sqm.
Farea Yaseen RshaidahUnder-construction barrack used for grazing sheep and livestock built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 30 sqm
Khalaf Fares RashaidahUnder-construction barrack used for grazing sheep and livestock built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 30 sqm
Sulieman Dawoud Tarif al-ZayedA barrack built of bricks and steel used to store on an area of 200 sqm
Hani Ata Dawoud al-ZayedUnder-construction barrack used for grazing sheep and livestock built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 30 sqm
Ata Daoud Tarif al-ZayedUnder-construction barrack built of bricks and steel on an area of 80 sqm
  • At the same time, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle and a truck mounted crane stormed Khirbat al-Simia, west of as-Samu village, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed in the area while the Civil Administration officers dismantled a barrack built of bricks on an area of 100 sqm, used for grazing sheep and it is owned by Riyad Abdul Karim Ghayad al-Salamin. Before IOF withdrew from the area, the Civil and Administration officer handed al-Salamin a paper of the confiscated items. Israeli authorities also handed al-Salamin a notice called “stop destruction of archeological sites” on 11 December 2020.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Wednesday, 09 December 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle stormed Khirbat al-Jawaya, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The Civil Administration officer fixed a number of notices a notice to stop construction works at residents and livestock barns under the pretext of illegal construction and gave them until 30 December 2020, to submit the required legal document before the Committee at the Civil Administration. The notices were as follows:
Affected personfacilityAreaConstruction yearDescription of constructionFundingFamily membersChildrenNotice No.Financial costConstruction
Ahmed Hammad Mohammed Nawaja’aWater well160sqm2005A holeorganization6331141
Ahmed Hammad Mohammed Nawaja’ahouse310sqm2018Under constructionpersonal643114380cement
Ra’ef Kahlid Mohammed Nawaj’a3 houses200sqm2020Under constructionpersonal4231140cement
Essa Mohammed Husein Shawahintent50sqm2020Construction completepersonal11931142Tent
Mousa Hasan Husein Shawahinbarn60sqm2019Construction completedpersonal6431144 Cement
Moamed Ahmed Mahmoud ShawhinA house40sqm2019Under constructionpersonal4231146200,00cement
Adham Ahmed Mahmoud ShahinA house100sqm2019Under constructionpersonal4231148120,000cement
Mohammed Ali Mohammed HuseinA house100sqm2019Under constructionpersonal4231148120,000bricks
Ayed Eyada ShawahinLivestock barrack60sqm2018Construction completepersonal84206751bricks

Khirbat al-Jawaya is located in eastern Yatta, south of Hebron and inhabited with 300 persons, who work in agriculture and the construction sector. This area is located in Area (C) according to the Oslo Accords. At the southern and eastern outskirts of the Khirbah, we find the Bypass Raod (60) and “Ma’on” settlement a mere one kilometer away. IOF’s settlement expansion activities on Palestinians’ lands, resident of Khirbat al-Jawaya are unable to conduct any construction in the area.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 11:30 on Thursday, 03 December 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from Taffuh settlement established at lands of Yasouf village, east of Salfit, uprooted 42 olive trees in al-Karm eastern area, southeast of Yasouf village, using electric equipment. The land is owned by brothers Shaher and Ali Mohammed Theeb Yaseen.

Ali Theeb Yaseen said to PCHR’s fieldworker that his eldest son headed to al-Karm eastern area, east of the city to check on the olive trees planted a month ago. He found the fence cut off and olive trees uprooted as settlers uprooted 42 olive trees from his land and 13 olive trees from his Brother’s land.

  • At approximately 14:20 on Friday, 04 December 2020, an Israeli settler stormed the Church of all Nations or Basilica of the Agony located at Mount of Olives, east of occupied East Jerusalem, and attempted to set fire into it before the church’s guards and the area residents interfered. They extinguished the fire and caught the settler and handed him to the Israeli police.

According to the church’s guard, Fadi al-Moghrabi, a settler poured diesel and attempted to set fire into some seats in the church. However, some civilians intervened and prevented him. Al-Moghrabi emphasized that fire caused damage to some seats and the floor.

The Israeli police also announced that they detained an Israeli (49), who lives in Jerusalem and attempted to set fire to the Basilica of the Agony in occupied East Jerusalem by pouring a flammable liquid inside it, causing damage.

According to the spokesperson of the Fire Department, 4 crews arrived at the place; luckily, the fire did not spread throughout the church, but it was full of smoke. It should be noted that the Church of all Nations or Basilica of the Agony is located at the Mount of Olive in Jerusalem near “Gethsemane” Garden and it was built above the rock where Christians believe that Jesus prayed before his arrest and crucifixion. It is noteworthy that the church was built between 1919 and 1924 and funded by several countries. The church is distinguished by its facade as it is backed by a row of pillars and a mosaic painting on its top that symbolically portrays Jesus as the link between God and mankind.

  • On Saturday morning, 05 December 2020,  a group of Israeli settlers from “ Rahalim settlement” established on Yasouf village lands, east of Salfit, cut off 38 olive trees in al-Mahawer area, southeast of Yasouf area using an electric saw. The land is owned by Rajeh and Reda Mahmoud Atiyani.

Rajeh Atiyani said to PCHR’s fieldworker: “When I headed to my land at 08:30 on Saturday morning to spray pesticides, I found  that 38 olive trees were cut off from my land and 16 others were cut off  from my brother’s land as settlers used an electric saw to cut the trees. Rajeh emphasized that his land was attacked several times before.

  • At approximately 08:30 on Monday, 07 December 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from “Revava” settlement established at lands of Haris village, north of Salfit, uprooted 10 olive trees at Khelat Abu al-Ola area, west of Haris village. The land is owned by heirs of Ya’qoub Ouda Hasan Sultan.

III. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 61 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 4 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • At approximately 14:40 on Monday, 07 December 2020, IOF closed Qalandiya military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem after they opened fire a Palestinian civilian at the checkpoint and later reopened it.
  • On the same day, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrances to ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Tuesday, 08 December 2020 IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, and under al-Khader village’s bridge, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 04 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, and near al-Nashash intersection, south of the city.
  • On Saturday, 05 December 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, the western entrance to Husan village, near al-Nashash intersection, near Deir Salah village’s bridge, and at Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho. IOF continued establishing checkpoint until Sunday, 06 December 2020, as soldiers searched civilians’ vehicles and checked their ID cards.
  • On Sunday, 06 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrane to Beit Jala, Jannata, Jab’a villages, near Deir Salah village’s bridge, east of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 07 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, the entrance to Marah Rabah village, at Aqabat Hasna area, leading to villages, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, and the entrances to Nahalin and Wadi Rehal villages.

Nablus:

  • On Friday, 04 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection to Al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya village, branching from Ramallah – Nablus Street, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Saturday, 05 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at entrance to Asira ash-Shamaliya village, north of Nablus.
  • On Monday, 07 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Beita village, al-Marba’a area near the entrance to Tal village, and at Nablus – Jenin main road, northwest of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 04 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Silat ad-Dhahr village, southwest of Jenin.
  • On Monday, 07 December 2020, IOF established2 checkpoints at the entrance to Jalamah village, and at the intersection of Arraba village.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: Al Aroub refugee camp, Sa’ir village’s northern entrance, and Halhoul southern entrance.
  • On Friday, 04 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Ash-Shuyukh village, and Beit Ummar village.
  • On Saturday, 05 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to:  Beit Awwa, Bani Na’im, and Surif villages.
  • On Sunday, 06 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Fawwar refugee camp, Ash-Shuyukh, Beit Ummar and Beit Awwa villages.
  • On Monday, 07 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at: Fawwar refugee camp, Ash-Shuyukh, Beit Ummar, and Beit Awwa villages.
  • On Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at Hebron’s southern entrance, and Halhoul’s southern entrance.
  • On Wednesday, 09 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at Halhoul’s northern entrance, Hebron’s southern entrance, Al Aroub refugee camp, and Susya village.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints between Jayyous and Azzun villages, and at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On 04 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at under the bridge of Azzun village, at the entrance to Jit village, and the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Izbat at-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection to Kifl Haris village, west of Salfit.
  • On Friday, 04 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at northern entrance to Salfit.
  • On Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.

Weekly report on Israeli human rights violations in the Occupied Palestine (26 November – 02 December 2020)

Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

weekly report on israeli human rights violations in the occupied palestinian territory (26 November – 02 December 2020)

26 November – 02 December 2020

  • 18 Palestinian civilians wounded, including 3 children, in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank
  • IOF and Israeli settlers assault journalists in Salfit
  • 3 shootings reported at agricultural lands, and once at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 115 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 89 civilians arrested, including 6 children
  • IOF demolished 3 houses and stairway leading to Bab Al-Asbaat Minaret in East Jerusalem, and another house in Bethlehem
  • Construction commenced for a new settlement outpost in al-Ras and al-Mahajer areas in western Salfit
  • Settler-attacks: settlers assaulted a nursery in Nablus, and cut 150 trees in Ramallah
  • IOF established 63 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 7 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, 18 Palestinians, including 3 children – one deemed critical, sustained wounds in IOF excessive use of force against Palestinian protestors and in incursions into Palestinian territory. Also this week, settlers carried out wide-scale land razing in Salfit for the construction of a new settlement outpost in the area, during those activities IOF and settlers assaulted civilians and journalists. IOF demolitions of Palestinian homes and properties continued in an effort to create new facts on the ground and under various pretexts in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

This week, PCHR documented 206 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

Eighteen Palestinian civilians, including 3 children, sustained wounds in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank: 8 in IOF suppression of a protest in Beit Dajan in Nablus; 7 others, including two children, sustained wounds in three IOF assaults in Ramallah; and 4, including one child, were wounded at Kafr Qaddoum’s weekly protest against settlement expansion activities. IOF also assaulted Palestinian civilians and journalists while suppressing a protest in Salfit.

In the Gaza Strip, three IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands, and once at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 115 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 89 Palestinians were arrested, including 6 children.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Central Gaza.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 11 incidents, including:

  • Jenin: 3 houses served cease-construction notices;
  • East Jerusalem: two houses self-demolished in Wadi al-Joz and Jabel Mukaber, a house demolished in Sur Baher, and a stairway leading to Bab al-Asbat
  • Hebron: a water well, a cave, and a tin-plated room demolished; excavator confiscated and order to cease work in a land.
  • Bethlehem: house demolished in al-Khader.
  • Qalqilya: concrete floors demolished
  • Nablus: 3 agricultural houses demolished in Sebastia

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 3 settler-violence incidents: a nursery assaulted in Nablus; 150 trees cut in Turmus Ayya town, north-eastern Ramallah; and construction commenced for a new settlement outpost in al-Ras and al-Mahajer areas, western Salfit.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity
  • At approximately 11:00 on Friday, 27 November 2020, and for the 4th consecutive week, a peaceful protest took off in Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus, with the participation of the National Action Factions in Nablus. The protest started from the village Council heading to the lands under threat of confiscation east of the village. The protesters raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers, annexation wall and the Deal of Century. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. IOF suppressed the protest, attacked the tent established 3 weeks ago on the lands under threat of confiscation and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, 8 civilians sustained rubber bullet wounds and received treatment at Rafidia Hospital. Also, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment in the field.
  • At approximately 12:00, following the Friday prayer, a peaceful protest took off in Kafr Malik village, northeast of Ramallah, with the participation of the National Action Factions in Ramallah and foreigners in solidarity with the Palestinian people. The protest started from the village Council heading to the lands under threat of confiscation east of the village. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. IOF suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, 3 civilians sustained wounds: a 22-year-old male was shot with a bullet in his left foot; a 19-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his tight and a 26-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his foot. The wounded civilians were taken to Palestine Medical Complex for treatment. Also, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation. According to a video published by Israeli media, Israeli soldiers shot a live bullet from a 15-meter distance directly at a civilian, who was wounded without posing any threat to the soldiers’ life while participating in a peaceful protest. The video also showed that Israeli soldiers celebrated after the bullet wounded the civilian in his left foot.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” checkpoint established on Kar Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men gathered in the area and clashed with them, firing live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, 4 civilians, including a child, were wounded: two wounded with rubber bullets in their extremities, and the third with a rubber bullet in his back; the child was wounded with a rubber bullet in his head.
  • At approximately 13:30, Palestinian young men gathered in al-Taweel Mount area, east of al-Bireh city, and threw stones at a military checkpoint established near “Psagot” settlement, which is established on the city’s eastern lands. IOF chased the stone-throwers and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, many protestors suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.  No causalities or arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00, Palestinian young men gathered near a military checkpoint established at the southern entrance to Hebron’s Old City and threw stones at the checkpoint. IOF chased the young men and indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, many stone-throwers suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. The clashes continued until 17:00, which forced the shopkeepers to close due to the intensive firing of tear gas canisters.
  • At approximately 21:40, IOF established a military checkpoint under ‘Atara bridge, north of Ramallah. IOF severely beat Obai Saleh Diab al-Tamimi (20), from Deir Nidham village, northwest of Ramallah, while passing through the checkpoint. As a result, he sustained wounds and bruises throughout his body and received treatment at Palestine Medical Complex.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Saturday, 28 November 2020, Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyah area in central Hebron and set fire to tires on a road leading to Checkpoint 56, which is established at the northern entrance to the closed Shuhadaa’ Street. A number of Israeli soldiers got out of the checkpoint and stationed behind cement cubes. The Palestinian young men threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with teargas canisters and rubber bullets. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation, and shops were closed. The clashes continued until 13:00; and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF stationed in front of al-Horeya Tower near the western entrance to Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah, fired a live bullet at Ramzy ‘Abed al-Rahman Mer’i Hamed (16), wounding him in his chest. Hamed was present in al-Shuhada square, 100 meters away from the IOF. Mostafa Hamed, Ramzy’s uncle, said that at approximately 20:20 on Saturday, 28 November 2020, while his nephew was walking toward his house located 20 meters away from al-Shuhada square in the center of Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah, an Israeli soldier stationed in front of al- Horeya Tower near the western entrance to Silwad village, where a military checkpoint is established, fired a live bullet from a 100-meter distance at Ramzy, wounding him in his chest without cause. Ramzy was immediately taken via a civilian vehicle to Silwad Emergency Center, which referred him to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah. Mostafa Hamed added that the live bullet settled in 16-year-old Ramzy’s chest (lungs).
  • At approximately 16:30 on Sunday, 29 November 2020, Palestinian young men gathered in al-Taweel Mount area, east of al-Bireh city, and threw stones at a military checkpoint established near “Psagot” settlement, which is established on the eastern lands of the city. IOF chased the stone-throwers and fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 3 civilians, including a child, were wounded:
  • Ameer Dola Hussain (16), from Am’ari refugee camp southeast of the city, who sustained serious wounds after being shot with a live bullet in his chest;
  • A 19-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in his right foot; and
  • A 21-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in the thigh.

All wounded civilians were transported to the Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah for treatment. Also, many protestors suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.

  • At approximately 20:55 on Sunday, 29 November 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha shore, northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boat sailing within 2-3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire at them, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF suppressed the funeral of Nour Jamal Shuqair (36), who was killed by IOF last Wednesday under the pretext of attempting a car-ramming attack at a-Za’ayem military checkpoint and fired sound bombs at the mourners upon their arrival at a-Sowana neighborhood. IOF denied the mourners’ access to Bab al-Rahma Cemetery in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Shuqair family said that Israeli authorities handed them Nour’s body at the police station in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood and then they took him to Makassed Hospital to perform farewell prayer on him before burying him in Bab al-Rahma Cemetery. In the meantime, Israeli Special Forces and intelligence officers were deployed in the streets across the occupied East Jerusalem, and the roads leading to Bab al-Rahma and Asbat Cemeteries. IOF also established checkpoints at Bab Al-Asbat Minaret entrance and prevented the movement of vehicles and pedestrians. When the mourners headed to al-Sawana neighborhood, IOF intercepted them, prevented the funeral procession, threw bombs at them, and chased them into al-Tur neighborhood.

Jamal Shuqair, Nour’s uncle, said that IOF imposed tightened restrictions on the entry to the cemetery, searched the family members IDs, verified their names and ID numbers, and prevented them from taking their cellphones into the cemetery. He added that IOF only allowed 20 persons to enter the cemetery, and arrested 5 civilians: Ihab Shuqair, ‘Abdullah Shuqair, Hamouda Siyam, Maher Siyam, and Ahmed Siyam.

  • At approximately 11:30 on Monday, 30 November 2020, IOF along with Israeli settlers attacked with tear gas canisters, stones and sticks a number of journalists and civilians who were covering an event organized by the Palestinian Liberation Organization Factions and the Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission to protect lands under the threat of levelling and confiscation in al-Ras area, west of Salfit. According to PCHR’s investigation, the protestors stood in front of around 10 Israeli bulldozers in an attempt to prevent them from completing thoer work and levelling the lands. Meanwhile, armed settlers, under IOF protection, attacked the Palestinian civilians and journalists and threw stones at them. In addition, IOF fired tear gas canisters at the protestors and 13 other journalists. Additionally, Farouq Mahmoud Shaheen was mal-treated and beaten by IOF while participating in the protest. As a result, he sustained bruises and received treatment in Salfit Hospital Among those journalists were Ja’afar Shtayyeh, Jreis ‘Aazar, ‘Alaa Badarnah, ‘Issam al-Rimawi, Hisham Abu Shaqrah, Khaled Bdeir, Nidal Ishtayhah, Rani Sawaftah, Mohammed Turabi, Khaled Sabarnah, Mohammed Ishtayah, Tariq Yousif, Majdi Ishtayah and Hazem Naser.

IOF also assaulted Farouq Mahmoud Shahin for participating in the protests, he was beaten and kicked, causing him bruises. He was admitted to Salfit Hospital for treatment.

  • At approximately 17:50 on Monday, 30 November 2020, IOF stationed inside a military watchtower established at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing, northwest of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened heavy and sporadic fire at civilians who approached the fence. IOF also fired flare bombs in the sky, which caused fear among the civilians and forced them to flee. No casualties or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Tuesday, 01 December 2020, IOF stationed in the memorial site, southeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at border areas, causing fear among Palestinian farmers and shepherds. No causalities or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, and stationed in ‘Asida neighborhood. Israeli soldiers were deployed between civilian houses, and they chased Palestinian young men who threw stones at them. A number of Israeli soldiers topped the roof of Murshed Mohammed Za’aqeeq’s house after locking his family members in a room. IOF indiscriminately fired tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians’ houses. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. IOF withdrew from the village at 18:30; no arrests among civilians were reported.
  • At approximately 07:30 on Wednesday, 01 December 2020, IOF stationed along Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands and bird hunters; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:50, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boat sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire at them, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  1. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 25 November 2020:

  • At approximately 00:20, IOF moved into Arraba, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Aysar Mohammed Nawaf (19), Qais Raslan Abu Salah (18), and Mohammed Raslan al-‘Areda (18).
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ahmed Mohammed Jalal’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahil, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ali Jawad al-‘Atawna’s (34) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Eyad al-Bow’s (24) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:50, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah, and deployed in al-Hara al-Tahta and al-Karkafi neighborhoods in the eastern side of the village. They raided and searched several houses and fired teargas canisters and sound bombs between the houses causing fear and panic among Palestinian civilians and children. No casualties were reported, and (6) civilians were arrested; Ibrahem Afif al-Barghouthi (22), Mahmoud Ahmed Rayyan (23), and his brother, Ali (28), Bajes Mohammed al-Barghouthi (22), Ali Kan’an (29), and Suliman Kan’an (27). Ali and Suliman Kan’an were released in the morning hours.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Birzeit, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Yousef Mer’eb Abu Dayya’s (44) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Mughayyir town, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Hazem al-Na’san (37) and Emad Reda Abu Alia (29) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:45, IOF moved into Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Alaa Wajeeh Abatli (30).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Na’el Obaid’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed near the Council Gate “Bab al-Majlis”, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, arrested Mahmoud Ahmed al-Qadi (23) and his brother, Isma’el (21), after severely beating them. IOF took them to one of the police stations in the occupied city.
  • At approximately 18:45, Israeli Infantry Units moved into Turmus Ayya, northeast of Ramallah. They patrolled around Hugo Chavez Hospital, and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint established at the junction of “Kfar Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem, arrested Khaled Jamal Farraj (32), from al-Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. IOF took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that Farraj is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • IOF carried out (12) incursions in Qabatiya, al-Shuhada, Mirka, Jaba’, Silat ad-Dhahr, and Fandaqumiya villages in Jenin governorate; Dura and Sa’ir in Hebron governorate; Izbat Jal’ud, Jayyous and Immatain villages in Qalqilya governorate; Tulkarm and Kafr Ni’ma. West of Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 27 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli infantry unit moved into Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched Hamouda Hani Abu Hayya’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:25, IOF moved into Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians; Thawri Abu Mortada (44), Mo’tasem Sameh Abu Ghunaim (22), Abdulrahman (25) and his brother, Abdul Rahim Talab Haj Mohammed (22).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sa’ed Thabit Abu Obaid (41) and Sameer Mahmoud Abu Obaid (22).
  • At approximately 02:20, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abdul Jabbar Mohammed Jarrar (54) and Mohammed Omar Shehab (53).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Yamun village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ibrahem Taher Nawahda (55).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Silat al-Harithiya village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Samer Mostafa Jaradat (32).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Deir Ghazaleh village, northeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohannad Abdul Fattah Abu Ghazaleh (25).
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Zububa and Beit Qad in Jenin governorate; Halhul, Beit Ummar, and Tarqumiyah in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 28 November 2020:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Safwan Abdul Karim al-Ja’bari (27), from Hebron governorate, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli infantry units moved into Jaber neighborhood in the eastern side of Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched Ma’moun Ayman Jaber’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint established on the northern side of Bethlehem, arrested Safwan Abdul Karim al-Ja’bari (28), from the southern side of Hebron, while heading to Ramallah. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and handed three civilians, including a child, summonses to refer to al-Maskoubiya police station; Mohammed Derbas (17), Adam Obaid (20), and Laith Mahmoud (19). IOF released the three abovementioned civilians in the evening hours on bail and with house arrest orders.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Yatta, Beit Kahil and Surif villages in Hebron governorate; al-Zawiya and Kafr al-Dik, west of Jenin. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 29 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Akram Ghadeb Obaid’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron, and stationed in the center of the camp. They stormed, broke 3 doors and searched Mostafa Hussain Hasaniya’s (54) house, detained all the house members in one room, confiscated two laptops and 3 mobile phones, and arrested his son, Mohammed (20). One of the soldiers beaten Abdul Jalil (18), when he attempted to stop the arresting of his brother, Mohammed, so he sustained wounds in his mouth, and taken to the governmental hospital in Hebron where the doctors stitched his wounds.

Monday, 30 November 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Azza refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ayman Nawwaf al-Qaisi’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Eizariya village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Tha’er Anis Ghabbash (37), who works for the Wall and Colonization Resistance Commission, and Mohammed Raslan Far’oun (19), and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Salfit, north of the west Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Rawdi Ma’zouz Yassin (27), a student at al-Quds Open Univesity.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mousa Monir Ja’ara (23) and Shadi Shihada Badawna (32) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:20, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Khedive neighborhood in Jericho. They raided and searched Suliman Khalaf Awajna’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Aqabat Jabr refugee camp, southwest of Jericho governorate. They raided and searched Abdul Aziz Jehad Safi’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Matar neighborhood, near Qalandiya checkpoint, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ashraf Ibrahim al-Bashiti’s (43) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:40, IOF moved into Qarawat Bani Zeid village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Omar Raja Arrar (22) and Nour al-Dein Ibrahim Snaif (33) and arrested them. In the evening, IOF released Omar Arrar only.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF reinforced with 6 military bulldozers moved 100-meters to the west of the border fence, east of al-Bureij, accompanied with the Israeli flights of reconnaissance aircraft in the sky. They levelled and combed lands before they deployed again at approximately 13:30.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They chased a group of children present in the main street in the center of the camp and took (4) of them to the military watchtower established at the entrance of the camp. IOF handcuffed and took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees are: Ahmed Khalil Khinna (17), Mohannad Aqel Salah (16), Mohammed Monir Miqbel (15), and Ahmed Abdul Karim Halayqa (16).
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF stationed at Mavi Dutan military checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Bahaa Fayez Salatna (27), from Jaba’ south of Jenin. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Beit Ummar, Dura, Hebron and Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 01 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Biddu, northwest of Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) former prisoners; Ayman Mohammed Abu Eid (46), Hashem Mohammed Hmaidan (33), Zeyad Abdul Salam Taha (32) and Sharif Khaled Khadour (28).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Balata refugee camp, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mo’ath Wael Ka’bi (26).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Qatanna town, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched former prisoner’s, Jouda Jamal Houshiya (23), house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Deir Sammit, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Ahmed Mohammed al-Haroub’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Dajan, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nidal Khalaf Haj Mohammed (50).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ras al-Amud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Montaser Majd Barbar (21) and Bakr Mohammed Owais (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Teqoa, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ma’moun Ibrahim al-‘Amour’s (16) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, arrested Mos’ab Hussam Staita (22), from the village. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Samu, Hebron, and al-Mowaraq villages in Hebron governorate; and Far’un, south of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 02 December 2020:

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into al-Wad street in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Alaa Monthir Najeeb’s (21) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Najeeb is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Maher Ali al-Ra’i (56), his brother Samer (43), and Yousef Mazen Huwaitat (35), from Kafr Saba in the village.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahil, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ayham Mahmoud Asafra’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Kafr Laqif village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mo’ayad Sameeh Assaf (28).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Omar Ali al-Mahdi (20).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kifl Haris, north of Salfit, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Osama Zeid Saleh (28).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mujahed Ashour (24), from Krum ‘Ashur, south of Nablus.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ein Beit al-Ma’ refugee camp, west of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sameh Mohammed Herzallah (26).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Barqa village, northwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Samer Yaser Daghlas (20).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Shu’afat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the house of the leader of Fatah Movement, Hamdi Saleh Thyab (46), and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Anas Bassam Tazaz’a (36).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Deir Abu Masha’al village, northwest of Ramallah. They broke the main door, raided and searched Mahmoud Safi Atta’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Shuqba village, northwest of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Ahmed Saber Hussain’s (37) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF arrested Ahmed al-Rokn (22), while present in al-Aqsa Mosque’s yards in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. He was taken to one of the police stations in the Old City.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at Mavi Dutan military checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Ahmed Abdullah Serriyah (40), from Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. He was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Johar Mountain neighborhood, in the southern area of Hebron, and deployed between civilians’ houses. They raided and searched Adnan Ahmed Salhab’s house and no arrests were reported.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Sateh Marhaba neighborhood in al-Bireh; al-Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah governorate; Beit Ula, Bani Na’im, and Samu villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 00:30 on Thursday, 26 November 2020, IOF accompanied with a Civil and Administration vehicle stormed Bayara and Khelat al-Nahlah areas, east of Ya’bad village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. The Civil and Administration officer handed 3 civilians notices to stop construction work in their houses in preamble to demolish them, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).

The affected persons were as follows:

Affected personsType of notificationFamily members
Mohammed Omer Ma’rouf Abu Baker2-storey house, the first floor was built on an area of 365 meters and the second under-construction floor was built on 400 metersUninhabited
Rafiq Nabil Imad FaresA 3-storey building and  a roof; the first floor was built on an area of 100 meters; while the second and third floors were built (250sqm) as the  fourth floor ( a roof) was built on an area of 65 sqm. The last three floors were in the final stages of construction.The first floor was inhabited with a family of 4 individuals
Ibrahim Mohammed Saleh Sha’ahAn under construction floor built on an area of 220 metersuninhabited
  • At approximately 09:00 on Sunday, 29 November 2020, Mohammed Sandouqa implemented the Israeli municipality’s decision and self-demolished his house in Wadi al-Joz neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of building without a license.

Mohammed said to PCHR that he constructed his house in 2003 on an area of 120sqm and since that time, he has lived in his house with his family of 9, mostly children. Sandouqa clarified that the Israeli municipality has pursued him for many years and imposed ILS100, 000 fine that he is still paying it until now. The municipality issued a decision to demolish the house, but Sandouqa managed to delay it several times. Sandouqa also said that he lately appealed for a freeze on the demolition decision for some time, but the Israeli municipality rejected his appeal and demanded him to demolish his house immediately, or else the municipality crews will implement it and bill him.

  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished a historic stairway which leads to the Al-Aqsa Mosque’s Lions’ Gate (Bab Al-Asbat) in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, on grounds of bringing equipment to the cemetery to carry out digging and leveling in favor of the “Biblical Garden” settlement project.

Mustafa Abu Zahra, Head of the Committee for the Preservation of Islamic Cemeteries in Jerusalem, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that the Israeli municipality demolished the lower part of the stairway leading to Yusufia Cemetery and Al-Aqsa Mosque’s Lions’ Gate (Bab al-Asbat) Road to reach the Shuhada Cemetery which is considered an extension to the northern side of Yusufia Cemetery. According to Abu Zahra, the demolition is part of the Israeli authorities’ plan to establish the “Biblical garden path” project around occupied Jerusalem’s fences. When Abu Zahra and Hamzah Hejazi, an employee at the cemetery, arrived at the place, they stopped the work in the area and prevented the municipality teams to enter the place or continue their work.

It should be noted that the idea of “Biblical garden path” project appeared in 1970, but in the recent years, it was escalated and developed. This project is concentrated in areas surrounding Al-Aqsa Mosque and Jerusalem’s historic fence and the area surrounding occupied East Jerusalem in addition to areas overlooking it, especially the southern, eastern, and northern areas. As for areas in western Jerusalem, they are considered wide area that surrounds occupied East Jerusalem along the western areas.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Monday, 30 November 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicles and a digger, stormed Halhoul’s northern area, north of Hebron. The soldiers used the digger to demolish a 100-cubic-meter water well built of reinforced cement concrete owned by Mohammed Atiya E’baidu. The demolition was under the pretext of building without license. It should be noted that Israeli authorities demolished an agricultural structure owned by Mohammed E’baidu on 23 November 2020, upon receiving Military Order No. (1797) to demolish the structure and water well.
  • On the same Monday morning, IOF demolished a house owned by Mohammed Ya’qoub Husein Da’dou’a in Um Rokbah neighborhood in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem, under the pretext of building without a license.

Mohammed Da’dou’s said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF accompanied with bulldozers stormed al-Khader village and demolished his 200sqm house. He clarified that IOF handed him last April a demolition notice and gave him 96 hours to evacuate the house. In the meantime, Da’dou’a attempted to appeal the decision with the Israel court for a freeze or a delay on the decision; however, the municipality bulldozers demolished it on Monday morning. Mohammed, who is a lecturer at Bethlehem University, lived at the house with his family comprised of 8 individuals, including 3 children.

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF demolished the concrete floors of 2 commercial barracks, east of Qalqilya, owned by Mohammed Taleb Abu Hamed and Rafiq As’ad Nazal, from Qalqilya, under the pretext of illegal construction as it is located at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya, in Area (C), which is under Israeli control according to the Oslo Accords. It should be noted that IOF issued military orders for the barracks’ owners to evacuate them 2 weeks ago.
  • At approximately 18:00 on Monday, 30 November 2020, Fawaz Abdu implemented the Israeli municipality’s decision and self-demolished his house in Jabel Mukaber, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of building without a license.

Abdu said to PCHR’s fieldworker that he built his house in 2015 on an area of 100sqm and since then, he has lived in it with his family of 6. Abdu clarified that the Israeli municipality pursued him directly after he built his house and imposed ILS 60, 00 fine on him as he is still paying it. The municipality also issued a decision to demolish the house, but Abdu managed to freeze the decision and delay it several times. Abdu added that he lately attempted to appeal for freezing the demolition decision for a while. However, the Israeli municipality rejected his appeal and ordered him to implement the demolition decision immediately, or the municipality crews will do it and forces him to pay its costs.

  • At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 01 December 2020, IOF accompanied with a Civil Administration vehicle, a bulldozer, and a digger stormed al-A’meda Street from the western entrance to the archaeological area, west of Sebastia, northwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. The soldiers used the bulldozer and the digger to demolish 3 tin-plated agricultural structures built on an area of 20sqm and a fence surrounding a 2-dunum land and water tanks and solar lighting units. They also demolished storages near the three agricultural structures owned by: Mahmoud Qasem al-Sarawi, from Sarra village, southwest of Nablus, partners Kammoun Samara and Rami al-Sourkaji, from Nablus, and Samer al-Maia, from Silat ad-Dhahr village, south of Jenin. The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • At the same time, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil and Administration vehicles, 2 mounted-crane trucks, and 2 diggers, stormed Kherbat Zif, north of Yatta, south of Hebron. The digger demolished a cave and room built of bricks on an area of 8sqm owned by Azmi Khalil Ahmed Shatat and his 6 brothers. They own a 20-dunum land implanted with trees and vegetables. The Shatat brothers used the cave as a store for fertilizers and agricultural tools. IOF also confiscated 2 caravans built of steel owned by Jamal Redwan al-Qawasmeh and Mahmoud Ayed Abu Sabaih.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli municipality demolished a part of a house owned by Ayham Mohammed al-Khatib, on Omari street in Sur Baher village, south of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing.

Ayham al-Khtib said to PCHR’s fieldworker that Israeli municipality officers suddenly raided his house and began demolishing about 45sqm of the house, including 2 rooms and a bathroom that he built last May for expansion. Al-Khatib indicated that he and his wife and 2 children, Tala (7) and Yazan (6), lived in the house. Al-Khatib received a demolition notice 4 months ago, so he demolished a part of his house and sent photos for the Israeli municipality in Jerusalem to confirm the demolition, but the Israeli municipality rejected his partial demolition of the house. Al-Khatib also said that Israeli municipality officers came to his house last Wednesday and ordered him to demolish the rest of the house within 3 days. Al-Khatib pointed out that even though he demolished the additional structure of his house 4 months ago, the Israeli municipality will force him pay the demolition costs for the rest of the house.

  • At approximately 09: on Wednesday, 02 December 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles stormed Birin village, west of Bani Na’im village, east of Herbron, and stationed in the center of the village. A Civil Administration officer ordered Ahmed Abu Turuk to stop working on his land alleging that it is state-owned. Israeli soldiers also confiscated a digger owned by Ghaleb Jawdat Abu Turki, who was working in the abovementioned land, and took it to a military camp in “Asfar” settlement that is adjacent to the village.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  •  Early Friday morning, 27 November 2020, a group of Israeli settlers on Ramallah- Nablus Street near As-Sawiya village, southeast of Nablus, attacked Ayloul Nursery owned Mohammed Ibrahim al-Khatib. The settlers destroyed the nursery contents and stole some seedlings before they ran away. It should be noted that this is the second settler-attack on the abovementioned nursery in a month.
  • At approximately 11:00, a group of Israeli settlers from “Shiloh” settlement, established on Palestinian lands northeast of Ramallah, sneaked into two farms in al-Sahel agricultural area, in Turmus Ayya village, northeast of the city. The settlers cut off 150 grape vines aged between 1 – 3 years owned by Nidal Walid Rabee’a. The settlers also sneaked into a nearby farm owned by Rajeh Abu Sukker and destroyed 3 lavatories, and cut the branches of 5 olive trees aged about 5 years and then returned to the abovementioned settlement.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Sunday morning, 29 November 2020, Israeli settlers began establishing a new settlement outpost in al-Ras and al-Mahajer area, west of Salfit.

According to PCHR’s information, settlers secured by IOF demolished about 50 dunums in the western area in Salfit, and they are still leveling a 2000-dunum land in the area to establish a new settlement outpost that connects settlements in the area: the industrial areas and the residential area of “Ariel” settlement and between Taffuh and “Ariel” settlement. IOF currently work on connecting settlement entities together from Kfar Qasim city to Za’atara area, east of Salfit.

Settlers also put up caravans and established sheep farms at the leveled areas while roads leveling and construction continues in the area.

The leveled lands in al-Ras area were built on an area of 50 dunums and owned by Mousa Nasif Theeb Eshtiyah, heirs of Ahmed Afana, heirs of Taher Mas’oud al-Taher, and heirs of Tawfiq al-Masri. It should be noted that leveling process in the abovementioned were carried out without providing any notices for farmers as Israeli bulldozers arrived at the area under the protection of armed settlers and  carried out large-scale land leveling.

  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 63 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 7 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Tuesday, 01 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints near Bir Nabala village’s Bridge, at the entrance to Qalandiya village, north of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 26 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city, and in Aqabat Hasnah area, leading to villages west of the city.
  • On Friday, 27 November 2020, IOF tightened its military measures at “Al Container” checkpoint, northeast of Bethlehem, which obstructed the traffic movement. They also established 2 checkpoints near the intersection of Kfar Etzion settlement, and near al-Nashash intersection, south of the city.
  • On Saturday, 28 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, the western entrance to Husan village, and at Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 29 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at northern entrance to Tuqu village, and at Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 30 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, at Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem, and near al-Nashash intersections, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 01 December 2020, established 3 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Tuqu village, and at the entrance to Wadi Fukin village, west of Bethlehem.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 26 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Silwad village, east of the city, and at the entrance to Ni’lin village, west of the city.
  • On Friday, 27 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Aboud village, and the entrance to Deir Abu Masha’al village, northwest of Ramallah.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 26 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 27 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to
  • On Saturday, 28 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 26 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sarra village (Qalqilya _ Nablus Main Road), southwest of Nablus.
  • On Friday, 27 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersections of “Yitzhar” settlement, southeast of Nablus, and the intersection of “Shavei Shomron” settlement, northwest of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 29 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection of Qabalan village, southeast of Nablus and the intersection of “Shavei Shomron” settlement, northwest of Nablus.
  • On Tuesday, 01 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Asira ash-Shamaliya village, northwest of Nablus.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 26 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at  Hebron’s southern entrance, Sa’ir and Beit Einun villages, and Hebron’s western entrance.
  • On Friday, 27 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Yatta, and Sa’ir village’s entrance.
  • On Saturday, 28 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to:  Beit Awwa, Idhna, and At-Tabaqa villages, and a Hebron’s southern entrance.
  • On Sunday, 29 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at Hebron’s northern entrance and the entrance to Idhna village.
  • On Monday, 30 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at Hebron’s southern entrance, the entrance to Bani Na’im, and Ash-Shuyukh villages.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 26 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint between Azzun and Izbat at-Tabib villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Saturday, 28 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to Qalqilya, Azzun, and Izbat at-Tabib villages, and near Kafr Qaddum village’s main street, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Sunday, 29 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Izbat at-Tabib village, between Azzun and Izbat at-Tabib villages, and at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Monday, 30 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Izbat at-Tabib and Azzun villages, east of Qalqilya, where Israeli soldiers checked civilians’’ ID cards.

Tulkarm:

  • On Sunday, 29 November 2020, IO established a checkpoint at the intersection to Bizzariya village affiliated with Anabta village, east of Tulkarm.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 26 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Friday, 27 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at entrance to Kafr ad-Dik village, west of Salfit.
  • On Saturday, 28 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Salfit and the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.

Israel’s Honeymoon with the United Arab Emirates Is Grotesque

By Belén Fernández

Global Research,

December 10, 2020Jacobin 7 December 2020

Since normalizing relations in September, Israel and the United Arab Emirates have teamed up to do what both do best: trample on democratic freedoms, commit atrocities, and whitewash occupation.

***

Back in 2010, the New York Times’ Thomas Friedman issued the following complaint: “Destructive critics dismiss Gaza as an Israeli prison, without ever mentioning that had Hamas decided — after Israel unilaterally left Gaza — to turn it into Dubai rather than Tehran, Israel would have behaved differently, too.”

Never mind that Israel never “left” Gaza — or that even if Hamas had managed to transform the diminutive Palestinian coastal enclave into the capital of Iran, international law would not have authorized the Israelis to then convert it into the “world’s largest open-air prison.” It’s also unclear how any territory could be turned into Dubai while under siege and frequent bombardment, or how Gazans would go about building malls with ski slopes — or building anything, for that matter — when Israel intermittently blocks construction materials from coming into the narrow strip of land.

Now, courtesy of the September normalization agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates — the culmination of a long-standing clandestine love affair — it seems the Palestinians will finally get to experience a taste of Dubai. (And Emirati alcohol consumers will get a taste of Israeli-made wine from the illegally occupied Golan Heights.)

In a recent CNN dispatch titled “The UAE and Israel’s whirlwind honeymoon has gone beyond normalization,” correspondent Ben Wedeman writes of the “mutual enthusiasm” infecting the Israeli government and the federation of Arab sheikhdoms, so much so that the UAE “appears to have dropped, in practical terms, any objections to Israel’s occupation of Arab lands.” That’s no accident. Disappearing the occupation is a primary function of normalization, fitting right in with the Friedmanite approach to Middle East peace, which posits that, if the Palestinians would just stop bitching about being occupied and massacred and get on with their lives, they, too, could be Dubai — the equivalent of telling a person in a burning house to simply ignore the flames.A Special Relationship Born in Hell: The US Should Cut all Ties with War Criminal Israel

Wedeman catalogues the perks of the overzealous Emirati-Israeli honeymoon: mutual visa exemption, the aforementioned wine, an excursion to the UAE by Israeli settler leaders from the West Bank, direct flights between Tel Aviv and Abu Dhabi scheduled to start early next year, and an arrangement where the UAE will “finance with the US and Israel a project to ‘modernize’ Israeli checkpoints in the West Bank used to control and monitor the movement of Palestinians.”

Presumably, “modernization” does not mean that Israeli soldiers will stop beatingkilling, detaining, and otherwise abusing Palestinians at checkpoints. But perhaps the Emiratis can help install state-of-the-art mobile maternity wards to deal with the Palestinian women forced to give birth there.

To be sure, it’s not like the checkpoints aren’t “modern” enough already. As NBC News reported last year, Microsoft has “invested in a startup that uses facial recognition to surveil Palestinians throughout the West Bank, in spite of the tech giant’s public pledge to avoid using the technology if it encroaches on democratic freedoms.”

That’s no turnoff for the UAE, where democratic freedoms are entirely absent and the slightest criticism of the government is grounds for detentiontorture, or disappearance. And what do you know: Emirati-Israeli collaboration regarding surveillance far predated the official unveiling of amorous bilateral relations. In 2015, a Middle East Eye article quoted a description of Abu Dhabi’s Israeli-installed mass civil spying system: “Every person is monitored from the moment they leave their doorstep to the moment they return to it. Their work, social and behavioral patterns are recorded, analyzed and archived.”

Call it modern barbarism — a right-wing neoliberal dream where basic rights are supplanted by skyscrapers, artificial islands, the annual Dubai Shopping Festival, and other distracting obscenities built on the backs of a migrant work force toiling in “virtual slavery.”

For their normalization efforts, Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Abu Dhabi crown prince Mohammed bin Zayed have been nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize. Perverse, unless you recall that former US president Barack Obama, the man who ordered the dropping of at least 26,171 bombs on seven Muslim-majority countries in 2016 alone, also received the prize. “Peace,” meanwhile, is not currently an option for Palestinians, Yemenis, and other regional inhabitants whose lives are sacrificed in the interest of arms industry profits and similar fixtures of “modernity” — all with US backing, and an imperial narrative that insists Iran is the one causing all the trouble.

So the honeymooners are getting off scot-free, whether for killing 2,251 people in Gaza in a matter of fifty days or for helping oversee the sexual torture of Yemeni detainees and mass starvation of Yemeni children as part of the Saudi-led coalition. And as normalization forges ahead, it’s nothing short of terrifying that anyone finds this normal.

*

Note to readers: please click the share buttons above or below. Forward this article to your email lists. Crosspost on your blog site, internet forums. etc.

Belén Fernández is the author of The Imperial Messenger: Thomas Friedman at WorkMarytrs Never Die: Travels through South Lebanon, and, most recently, Exile: Rejecting America and Finding the World. She is a contributing editor at Jacobin.

Featured image is from DesertpeaceThe original source of this article is JacobinCopyright © Belén FernándezJacobin, 2020

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine (19- 25 November 2020)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (19- 25 November 2020)

Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

19 – 25 November 2020

  • IOF kill Palestinian on Israeli checkpoint in east Jerusalem in alleged car-ramming attack
  • 7 Palestinian civilians wounded, including a child, in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank
  • Greenhouses damaged in IOF air strikes in Khan Younis; and 2 shootings were reported eastern Gaza Strip
  • In 94 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 72 civilians arrested, including 6 children and a woman
  • IOF demolished 4 houses and 9 other dwellings and small rooms, and constructed a settlement road in the West Bank
  • Settler-attacks: settlers assaulted Palestinian civilians and properties, razed lands and uprooted trees in the West Bank
  • IOF established 60 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 13 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week witnessed an increase in home demolitions as well as demolition, cease-construction, and property seizure notices that were issued against Palestinians’ properties.  Additionally, settler-attacks were on the rise this week. IOF raided an ambulance and arrested a paramedic in a separate incident while assisting a wounded person, which fall under IOF’s continued attacks against medical crews who are protected under international law.

This week, PCHR documented 191 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

IOF killed Nour Jamal Shuqair (36) on 25 November 2020, while crossing a-Za’ayem military checkpoint, eastern east Jerusalem, for an alleged car-ramming attack. Seven other Palestinian civilians, including a child, sustained wounds in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank: 2 in IOF suppression of two separate protests in Ramallah; another was wounded at Kafr Qaddoum’s weekly protest against settlement expansion activities; a child wounded in Hebron; and 3 others sustained wounds during a protest against settlements by Tayasir/The Jordan Valley checkpoint.

In the Gaza Strip, several green houses were damaged in western Khan Younis in IOF air strikes; also, two IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands eastern Rafah and Central Gaza.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 94 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 72 Palestinians were arrested, including 6 children and a woman.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 12 incidents, including:

  • Bethlehem: agricultural room demolished, and construction materials confiscated in al-Walaja; cease-construction notice served (water well) and an excavator confiscated in al-Khader.
  • Qalqilya: demolition notice served (commercial barracks).
  • Ramallah: agricultural lands razed, and a barracks and a shop demolished.
  • Salfit: settlement road constructed, and a mobile home seized
  • Hebron: 9 small dwellings, rooms and lavatories demolished; a pipeline (1.5 km) confiscated; 1 house and foundations to another demolished.
  • Jericho: a residential caravan confiscated; a tent used for cattle uprooted, and 3 houses and several barracks were demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 8 settler-violence incidents: a house assaulted in Jenin; lands razed and two civilians assaulted in Bethlehem; an assault attempt targeted a house in Hebron; a child was kidnapped in Nablus; several civilians were assaulted in Qalqilya and Salfit; and 45 olive trees were uprooted in Salfit.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 15:00 on Thursday, 19 November 2020, IOF raided Beit Ummar village, norther Hebron, and stationed at Assyda area. A group of Palestinians gathered and threw stones at military vehicles; several soldiers shot stun and tear gas grenades at random towards civilians and houses. As a result, several Palestinians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. The soldiers blocked the central road in the village and detained several vehicles, while others mounted roof tops in the area and shot live bullets in the air. The forces withdrew at 17:00, and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Friday, 20 November 2020, and for the third consecutive week a peaceful protest took off in Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus, with the participation of the National Action Factions in Nablus, which started from the village Council heading to the lands under threat of confiscation east of the village. The protesters raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers, annexation wall and the Deal of Century.  When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. IOF suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 12:20, a peaceful protest took off in Kafr Malik town, eastern Ramallah; the protest was called by the townspeople and attended by representative of popular movements in Ramallah, towards the lands threatened of confiscation in the Bedouin community, Ras el-Tin, near Ein Samia spring, east of the town. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and slogans against the occupation, settlers and the annexation. Upon their arrival to Ein Samia, protestors found a large Israeli force who proceeded with shooting live and rubber bullets, as well as stun and tear gas grenades at the protestors. As a result, Abdullah Abu Rahma (49), General Director of Palestinian Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission, was hit with a tear gas grenade in the right shoulder and was transported to Palestine Medical Complex. Several protestors suffocated due to tear gas inhalation; soldiers chased Palestinian Red Crescent Society’s paramedics while attending to the wounded and arrested a paramedic, Mohammed Hussain Hamed (26).
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area and clashed with them, firing live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a 19-year-old Wael A. F. Amer sustained a rubber bullet wound above his right eye (eyebrow).
  • At approximately 14:00, Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyah area in central Hebron and threw stones and empty bottles at the checkpoint, known as Checkpoint 56 and established at the entrance to the closed Shuhadaa’ Street leading to Tel Rumeida area. The group threw stones at the checkpoint and Israeli soldiers fired teargas canisters from inside the checkpoint. They chased the stone-throwers on Wad al-Tofah Street and shot rubber bullets.  As a result, a 15-year-old child sustained a rubber bullet in his right leg and was taken to hospital. The clashes continued until 16:00; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on Friday, 20 November 2020, IOF stopped and assaulted three civilians from Beit Fajjar town while crossing a temporary checkpoint that was established at the town’s entrance, southern Bethlehem. As a result, all three of them sustained wounds, bruises and fractures and were transported to Beit Jala Governmental Hospital. Zakariya Athawabteh, Beit Fajjar mayor, stated that IOF established a temporary checkpoint on the town’s main entrance and assaulted Ali I. Taqatqeh (23), Ibrahim A. Daireyeh (22) and Qusai B. Al-‘Ajoury (18) with their rifles, and kicked and punched them and then left them on the road. He added that the three victims were taken to the Palestinian police station in the town and provided with first aid by PRCS crews; they were transported to the hospital due to sustaining fractures and their conditions were classified as moderate.
  • At approximately 03:15 on Sunday 22 November 2020, IOF warplanes launched 3 airstrikes at rooms, greenhouses and agricultural lands in southwest Khan Younis. As a result, 5 dunums of greenhouse sustained great damage. The targeted land is a government owned and is rented by Mohammed M. M. Al-Sha’er (47) and other farmers. Also, another land (planted with pepper crops) sustained damage.

Greenhouses in Khan Younis damaged in IOF airstrikes

  • At approximately 03:30 on Monday, 23 November 2020, IOF infantry unit moved into Kafr Ni’ma, western Ramallah. They deployed in the village and a group of Palestinians took off in protest and threw stones and empty bottles at the soldiers. Immediately, a large military force raided the area, reinforced with 10 military vehicles, and shot stun and tear gas grenades, and rubber bullets at civilians and protestors. Clashed erupted in the village and IOF raided and ransacked through several houses. The clashes continued until 05:15; an 18-year-old sustained shrapnel (stun grenade) in the foot and 4 Palestinians were arrested: Saleh A. Attaya (29); Rasem J. Shtayyeh (38); Ali T. Khwaire (43); and Mohammed O. Khwaire (20). IOF also confiscated Attaya’s vehicle (a grey Skoda).
  • At approximately 22:00 on Monday, 23 November 2020, IOF raided At-Tur neighborhood in the old city of eastern Jerusalem; soldiers deployed in the main street and checked IDs and searched vehicles. A group of Palestinians took off in protest and threw stones and firecrackers at the forces and its vehicles. Immediately, a large Israeli military force raided the neighborhood and fired rubber bullets, tear gas and stun grenades at the protesters and civilians amidst clashes. As a result, several Palestinians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and Amin Zahdeh (23) and Omar Zahdeh (21) were arrested.
  • At approximately 11:30 on Tuesday, 24 November 2020, the Palestinian Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission, Palestinian factions and popular resistance committees in Tubas called for protest in the northern Jordan valleys. The moved in buses and proceeded on foot upon arrival to Tayasir/The Jordan Valley checkpoint. They raised Palestinian flags and chanted against the occupation and settlements. IOF stationed at the checkpoint suppressed the protest; clashed erupted and resulted in the injury of 3 Palestinians: one with a tear gas grenade in the head; the other sustained a rubber bullet in the abdomen; and the third sustained a rubber bullet in his lower extremities. The wounded were transported to Tubas Turkish Hospital Aovernma in Tubas for treatment. Dozens of other Palestinians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and received treatment in the field. IOF assaulted PRCS ambulance(3 paramedics were inside: Saher A. Bsharat, Yousif Abu Bishara and volunteer, Maisam Sawafta) and attempted to kidnap one of the wounded; fortunately, the paramedics managed to stop the arrest and informed the Israeli soldier that the wounded had epilepsy.

PRCS volunteer, Maisam Sawafteh told PCHR fieldworker that, “while covering the clashed in the northern Jordan valleys, a civilian from Tayasir village sustained wounds in the abdomen; as we transported him to the ambulance, several soldiers including an officer attacked the ambulance. One of them stopped before the driver and others stepped into the vehicle and attempted to arrest the wounded civilian; the paramedic intervened and informed the soldiers that the victim had epilepsy. The soldiers let him go and allowed us to transport him to the hospital.”

  • At approximately 14:05, IOF stationed inside the border fence with Israel, east of al-Shawka village, east of Rafah governorate, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:20 on Wednesday, 25 November 2020, IOF stationed inside the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah, in Central Gaza Strip, opened fired at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:00, Israeli border guards stationed at a-Za’ayem military checkpoint, eastern east Jerusalem, opened fire at a Palestinian vehicle belonging to Nour Jamal Shuqair (36), while passing through the checkpoint. The Israeli soldiers claimed that he attempted to carry out a car-ramming attack. As a result, Shuqair was shot with several live bullets and transported to Hadassah Medical Center in West Jerusalem, where he was pronounced dead upon arrival due to his wounds.

The Israeli police spokesperson said that a young man, with a Jerusalemite ID card, attempted a car-ramming attack at a-Za’ayem military checkpoint, and border guards shot at him. After the incident, the Israeli media published, according to sources at the Israeli police, that the victim had stopped his car and handed his ID to the soldiers at the checkpoint; but they doubted his papers were forged and claimed that he became anxious; he tried to flee with his car and hit a soldier (minor injury). Soldiers opened heavy fire (live bullets) at him, he sustained several wounds and one landed in his abdomen, which required his transportation to Hadassah Medical Center. An hour later, he was announced dead after succumbing to his wounds.

It should be noted that the victim, Nour Jamal Shuqair, was from Wadi Rababa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and he was working in Freight transport, and he was returning home from al-Eizariya.

Several surveillances cameras showed that Shuqair’s vehicle was several meters away from the checkpoint – after crossing into Jerusalem and showed that several live bullets penetrated the vehicle.

After the incident, IOF arrested Nour’s father, Jamal Shuqair, and his brothers, Anwar and Yehya, and released them after interrogating all of them.

  1. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 19 November 2020:

  • At midnight, IOF stationed at al-Hamra military checkpoint in the Central Valleys, northeast of Nablus governorate, arrested Yousef Jamal Sawafta (22), from Tubas. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate, and stationed in Raqqa area. They raided and searched Mohammed Salem al-Haroush’s (39) house; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ashraf Mousa al-Salayma’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Sameh al-Da’as’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF arrested Jom’a Nahed al-Jojo (37), a soldier at the Palestinian National Security Forces, from Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem, while passing through a temporary military checkpoint near “Kfar Etzion” settlement, south of the city. IOF took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that al-Jojo was a former prisoner who spent almost 13 years in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF raided Ra’ed Jehad Abu Rmeila’s (42) house in the southern area of the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched the house and no arrests were reported.

Ra’ed Abu Rmeila said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

“At approximately 21:00, I heard knocks on my door, so I headed to open it. As soon as I did, a group of Israeli soldiers stormed the house and detained me, along with my wife and children in one room and started searching the house for 10 minutes, then left. At approximately 22:00, the Israeli soldiers returned to my house, detained us all in the same room and started searching the house all over again. One of the soldiers attempted to confiscate the surveillances cameras’ recording device, but I intervened and quarreled with them, then they withdrew”.

  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Ramallah and Beitunia, west of Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 20 November 2020:

  • At approximately 17:20, IOF stationed at Beit Furik military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus governorate, arrested (3) civilians from Kafr Qallil, southeast of Nablus, and took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees are: Ahmed Mahdi Abu al-So’oud (18), Khaled Jamal Abu al-So’oud (19), and Samer Osama Dwaikat (19).
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Wael Da’ajna (19), while present near the Islamic Tomb in Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF stormed one of the stores near Qalandiya military checkpoint, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They searched the store and arrested Isma’el Abu Zeidiya (15) and Khaled Sleim (16), both from Qalandiya refugee camp. They were taken to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Ezbit Suliman village, southeast of Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 21 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, an Israeli special unit moved into Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Khaled Bassam al-Hamshari (26).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Hatem Mahmoud Makhamera’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:30, an Israeli special force moved into Kafr Qaddum, north of Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Wael Abdullah Fathi Amer (19), who was injured with a rubber bullet in his face yesterday during IOF attacks on Kafr Qaddum demonstration, and Qais Abdul Rahman Ali (21).
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, arrested Mohammed Salah Alian (30), from al-Far’a refugee camp, south of Tubas. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 12:15, IOF moved into al-Jabriyat neighborhood, south of Jenin. They surrounded, raided and searched Ibrahim Jamil al-Sa’di’s (34) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yazan Bassam Obaid’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested Yazan Emran Obaid (18), from al-Issawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem, while present in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Marwan Obaid (20), from al-Issawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem, while present in the al-Aqsa Mosque’s yards in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to a detention center.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Jit village, north of Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Islam Ahmed al-Sidda (26), a soldier at the General Intelligence Services.
  • In the evening hours, IOF stationed at Huwara military checkpoint, on the eastern entrance of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested Khalil Abdullah Abu Dawoud (22), from Nablus. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out an incursion into Jit village northeast of Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 22 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF, reinforced by several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahil, north of Hebron. They raided and searched 3 houses and arrested 3 civilians: Isma’el Mahmoud ‘Aqeil (41), Sabri Mohammed al-Zohour (44), and Abdul Hadi Badawi al-Zohour (39).
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Jit village, northeast of Qalqilya, and stormed Jit High School and searched several classrooms claiming that a group of the students from the adjacent elementary school threw stones at a settler and flee to the high school.

Basel Shawahneh, Principle of Jit High School, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

“During the fifth period, I was surprised to see a settler trying to ram into the school with his car, I attempted to prevent him, but he told me that a group of children threw stones at him and he wanted to catch them. I attempted to convince him that they are only children at play, and they were playing and throwing small stones at each other and that he was not targeted by them, as both the element and secondary schools where located near “Kedumim” settlement and no Palestinian houses or civilians were in the area. He eventually left. A little while later, the Kedumim settlement’s security guards came along with an Israeli military force and stormed the school and entered the classrooms in the ground floor. I immediately ordered all the teachers on the top floors to close the classrooms. Nonetheless, the force attempted to go upstairs and arrest the students, but I prevented them and told them that I just want peace and I will not let the students throw stones or provoke problems in this area. I told them that I informed the liaison and the Ministry of Education; an officer responded that he is in charge of assessing the situation in the field. I tried my best to stop them from going to the classes on the top floors; and the officer told me that they would only withdraw if I pledge not to let this incident happen again. I did, and they withdrew a while later.  The teaching staff and the students were terrified during the raid, as our school is located in a highly tense area near the settlement. We are not allowed to raise any flags within the school and are under constant threats; nonetheless, the school is a symbol of Palestinians’ resilience and persistence in the area.”

  • At approximately 13:30, IOF arrested Sheikh Najeh Dawoud Bakirat (64), the Deputy General Director of Jerusalem Endowments, while leaving his office near Bab al-Silsila (one of the al-Aqsa Mosque’s Gates) in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to one of the detention centers in the city.

It should be noted that Bakirat was arrested several times, the latest of which was earlier this month, as he was released with a 6-month ban on entering al-Aqsa Mosque.

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Sa’ed Ibrahim al-Badawi’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Awwa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Mohammed Abdul Hamid Masalma’s (33) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Bab Hutta neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Ahmed Abdullah Abu Ghazala’s (51) house, a former prisoner, and arrested him along with his wife. They were later released.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Rawhi Ahmed al-Jayyar’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF arrested Abdul Rahman al-Bashiti (16), while present near his house in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and took him to one of the detention centers in the city. It should be noted that al-Bashiti has diabetes and he was arrested more than 9 times along with his two brothers; Hatem (17) and Hisham (19). Mohammed al-Bashiti’s house is subject to daily harassments from IOF, as it is frequently raided for the purpose of terrorizing, arresting or summonsing its occupants.

Monday, 23 November 2020:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ibrahim Mohammed Abu Ayyash’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:35, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Ja’far Hidada (20), Omar Mansour (18), and Hisham ‘Awawida (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Sa’ir, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Ibrahim Jaradat’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Biddya, west of Salfit. They patrolled, raided and searched several houses; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Murad Najeeb (20), from the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, while heading to his work via a temporary military checkpoint established near Road (1). IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to ‘Atta Mohammed Derbas (22) and Isma’el Ra’ed Naser (21) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Tha’er Salman Abu Sbaih’s (26) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services at al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem. It should be noted that Sbaih was formerly imprisoned by Israel.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF arrested Jehad Naser Qaws (26), while present near Bab al-Sahera “Herod’s Gate”, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s gates. IOF took him to al-Bareed police station in Salah al-Dein street in central Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 16:30, IOF stationed at the entrance of Beit Awwa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate, and arrested Ayoub Mohammed al-Masalma (19) after stopping him and claiming that he was found in possession of a knife. It should be noted that Ayoub is a person with disability, and he was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF stationed Mavi Dutan military checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Ali Mohanad Marzouq (23), from Jenin, north of the West Bank. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed at the southern entrance of the Ibrahimi Mosque in the center of Hebron’s Old City, arrested Hani Waleed Qfaisha (17), claiming that he was found in possession of a knife. He was taken to a police station in “Kiryat Arba” settlement.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on a road leading to Jericho, north of the West Bank. IOF arrested Tareq Ziyad al-Jallad (38), from Jenin, north of the West Bank. IOF took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that Tareq is the companion of the director of the Preventive Security Service in Jenin, Mohannad Marzouq.

Tuesday, 24 November 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Thahiriya, south of Hebron, and stationed in the center of the village. They raided and searched a blacksmith shop belonging to Ibrahim Isma’el Abu Allan (48), using special equipment to open the doors; IOF confiscated all the contents and damaged all equipment. Abu Allan’s losses are estimated at (300,000 NIS). Meanwhile, another group of soldiers was raiding and searching Abu Allan’s house, located next to the shop. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Furiq village, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Naseem Mousa Henani (33).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Awarta village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mo’in Faisal Awwad (25). Meanwhile, IOF raided and searched Majdi Jalal Qawariq’s (27) house, and clashed with the Qawariqs, and assaulted them with their riffles. As a result, Mohammed Jalal Qawariq (19) was injured before he was arrested along with his brother, Majdi. IOF took them to Huwara military camp, east of Nablus. Mohammed was released after an hour and half, and he was taken to Rafidia Governmental Hospital in Nablus where he was diagnosed with skull fracture and deep wound in the head that took five stitches.

Mohammed Jalal Qawariq (19) said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

“While I was sleeping in our house in Awarta village, southeast of Nablus, I heard a quarrel between my brothers Hamdi (25) and Izz al-Dein (17), and Israeli soldiers who were looking for Majdi. When I intervened, they started beating all of us with their riffles’ butts so they hit me to my head and face until the blood covered my whole face, then they handcuffed and blindfolded me and put me in one of their vehicles and took me to Huwara military camp. I was untied in  military the camp and taken to an investigation room for interrogation about the incident. While I was being interrogated, they brought my brother, Majdi, so I had the chance to see and talk to him before they took him to another room. An hour and a half later, they ordered me to wash my face and then transferred me with their vehicles to the entrance of the village and kept Majdi under arrest. As soon as I arrived to my house, my family took me to Rafidia Governmental Hospital in Nablus where I was diagnosed with skull fracture and deep wounds in the head that took five stitches, and they kept me under 24 hours observation, before they allowed me to check out the next day”.

  • At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into Ramallah and deployed around al-Manara square in the city center, and another Israeli force stationed in Qaddura refugee camp near the city. They raided and searched three houses and arrested (3) civilians; Majd Sameer al-Khawaja (29), Ahmed Wael Afana (26), and Ashraf Saleem al-Roum (28).
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF stationed at Mavi Dutan military checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Mohammed Amer Jaradat (26), from Tayasir village, west of Jenin. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Karma village, east of Dura. They raided and searched Eisa Hussain Abu Sheikha’s (50) house and arrested his son, Hussain (21).
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Amjad Obaid’s house and arrested his sons, Abdullah (14) and Mohammed (21). IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 20:35, IOF moved into Bruqin, west of Salfit. They patrolled, raided and searched several houses then withdrew. No arrests were reported.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Birzeit, al-Mughayyir and al-Jalazone refugee camp, in Ramallah governorate; Dura and Hebron in Hebron governorate; Izbat Jal’ud village, southeast of Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 25 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Awwa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched four houses and arrested (4) civilians; Nidal Yaser Masalma (40), Sajed Isma’el Masalma (35), Sameeh Abdul Qader Masalma (39), and Yousef Hasan Masalma (44).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with two military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Anas Mahmoud Abu Shousha’s (16) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Ein al-Ma’ refugee camp, west of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Hasan Khaled Mabrouk (23).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Amro Jehad Abu Zarifa (21), from his house in Abu Zarifa building.
  • Around the same time, IOF move into Kobar village, north of Ramallah governorate, and stationed at Al-Buwayda area in the eastern part of the village. They raided and searched Mohammed Mahmoud Zibar’s (51) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with two military vehicles moved into Hebron and stationed in al-Sheikh neighborhood. They raided and searched Kamal Mohammed al-‘Ajlouni’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Shadi Khwais’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in al-Samu, Rabud, al-Shuyukh villages in Hebron governorate; Beitunia, west of Ramallah governorate; and Sebastya in Nablus governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 13:00 on Thursday, 19 November 2020, Israeli authorities handed a civilian a demolition notice for an agricultural room in al-Walaja village, west of Bethlehem. Activist Ibrahim Awadallah said to PCHR’s fieldworker that an Israeli force stormed Orouq Znaid area, south of al-Walaja village. They handed Ahmed Mohammed Awaddlah a demolition notice for an agricultural room built on an area of 20sqm due to the lack of obtaining a construction license. IOF lately notified Taha Awaallah, Ahmed’s brother, to demolish his agricultural structures. Israeli authorities have increased their demolitions and demolition orders for several facilities in various areas in the village.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF stormed Qalqilya. They handed Fares Rafiq Nazzal a demolition notice for his commercial barrack, which is built on an area of (360sqm), east of Qalqilya. Nazzal said to PCHR that demolishing the barrack will cost him a loss of NIS 200,000.
  • At approximately 15:00 on Friday, 20 November 2020, IOF seized construction materials in al-Walaja village, northwest of Bethlehem. Activist Ibrahim Awadallah said to PCHR’s fieldworker that and Israeli force stormed the village and seized construction materials ( bricks, cement, steal, and stones) that were allocated for construction of a third floor at the village medical clinic. Awadallah added that IOF handed the medical clinic of stop-work orders 3 times under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • On Sunday morning, 22 November 2020, Israeli authorities handed a civilian a cease-construction notice in a water well in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem and confiscated an excavator under the pretext of non-licensing. Ahmed Salah, Head of al-Khader Village’s Municipality, said that IOF handed Ahmed Rezeq Issa a stop-work order in a water well in Wadi al-Bayyar area, adjacent to “Efrat” settlement established on lands, south of Bethlehem. Salah added that IOF also confiscated an excavator owned by Issa and handed him a paper to refer to a military court on 30 November 2020. It should be noted that Israeli authorities plan to annex al-Khader village lands to expand their settlements as in the recent year, several structures were demolished for the lack of licensing and dozens demolition notices were served to property owners. Furthermore, the settlement bypass road that crosses the village  is a real nightmare for its residents, who fear that their children might be attacked by Israeli settlers, especially with the recurrent run-over attacks on the main street.
  • At approximately 11:00, on Monday23 November 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with a Civil Administration vehicle and a bulldozer stormed al-Jomjomah area, north of Halhoul, north of Hebron. The bulldozer demolished Mohammed Atiya Ebeido’s under construction home (a 120-square-meter concrete floor and pillars). Ebeido is from Hebron; and he had been served a military demolition order (1779) on 15 November 2020.
  • At approximately 08:30 on Tuesday, 24 November 2020, an Israeli force backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with a Civil Administration vehicle and a bulldozer stormed Ras al-Zaytoun area, south of Ras Karkar village, northwest of Ramallah. The bulldozer leveled an agricultural land owned by No’man Abdul Fattah Nofal, as they claimed plans to construct a sewage line from “Talmon” community settlement established on the Ras Karkar lands. On 09 September 2020, IOF uprooted 22 olive trees owned by Nofal as employees from private Israeli companies established a barbed wire fence surrounding Nofal’s 44-dunum land and banned his access to it; the move was motivated by a plan to construct a dirt road to connect “Talmon” settlement complex.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stormed Khelat Eliyan area in Biddya village, west of Salfit. They completely closed the area, started paving a new road connecting Khelat Hassan and Khelat Eliyan areas, and seized a mobile house (caravan) used as a store for agricultural materials owned by Mo’en Mohammed Hassan, from Biddya village. It should be noted that the abovementioned area is threatened to be confiscated as it was previously surveyed by IOF.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Wednesday, 25 November 2020, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles and accompanied with 2 Civil Administration vehicles, a bulldozer, and a digger stormed Masafer area in Yatta, south of Hebron. The bulldozers demolished 9 small structures, including rooms and lavatories under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). the demolition process was as follows:
Affected PersonAreaFacilityDescriptionAreaFamily membersChildrenType of notification
Rasmi Yusuf Mohammed YusufKherbat al-RakizresidenceTin plates and bricks50sqm86Military Order No.1797
Hatem Mahmoud MakhamrahKherbat al-RakizAgricultural roomTin plates and bricks30sqmMilitary Order No.1797
Jamil Mahmoud al-AmourKherbat SarourahAgricultural roombricks2sqm53Military Order No. 1797
Fayez Ibrahim MakhamrahMaghayer al-AbeedresidenceTin plates and bricks40sqmMilitary Order 1797
Fayez Ibrahim MakhamrahMaghayer al-Abeedbathroomsbricks2sqmConstruction of demolished structure
Jaber Ali Mohammed DababsahKhelat al-Dabe’aresidencebricks70sqm86Construction of demolished structure
Jaber Ali Mohammed DababsahKhelat al-Dabe’abathroombricks2sqm86Construction of demolished structure
Amer Ali Mohammed DababsahKhelat al-Dabe’aresidenceTin plates and bricks70sqm53Construction of demolished structure
Amer Ali Mohammed DababsahKhelat al-Dabe’aresidenceTin plates and bricks20sqm53Construction of demolished structure
  • Israeli authorities confiscated a 1.5-kilomter pipeline that connects water between Kherbat Safi and Kherbat al-Majaz. Residents of Kherbat Safi, about 100 individuals who depend on this pipeline to supply them with water. IOF also damaged a 20mplastic water tank in Kherbat Jabna and destroyed a 150m irrigation network. IOF further removed barbed fences surrounding a land (1 dunum) and uprooted 5 olive trees that were implanted 5 years ago owned by Mohammed Issa Rab’ie.
  • At approximately 09:00, an Israeli force backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with a Civil Administration vehicle and a truck-mounted crane in addition to a digger stormed Tal al-Samad area, in Jiftlik village, north of Jericho. IOF were also accompanied by employees from private Israeli companies, who dismantled and confiscated a residential caravan built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 40sqm and inhabited by 4 individuals. They also uprooted and confiscated a tent used for grazing sheep owned by Hasan Salem Ka’abneh. IOF claimed that the demolition was for illegal construction in an archaeological area.

It should be noted that IOF demolished Ka’abnah’s tin-plated barracks on 21 October 2020.

  • At approximately 07:30 on Wednesday, 25 November 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with a Civil and Administration vehicle, a bulldozer and a truck, stormed the eastern area of Al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya village, northwest of Ramallah. The bulldozer demolished a barrack built of bricks and steel on an area of 30sqm used for grazing sheep, in addition to an under-construction commercial shop built on an area of 60sqm owned by Omar Ra’ed Abu Salem. IOF claimed the demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with a Civil and Administration vehicle, a truck-mounted crane, and 2 bulldozers, stormed Fasayil village in Jordan’s northern valleys, north of Jericho. They demolished 3 houses and a group of barracks built of steel and bricks used for grazing sheep. These barracks also include 2 health facilities, 4 water tanks, a cement oven, and a steel fence. IOF claimed the demolition was for illegal construction.
OwnerType of Facility
Ahmed Mosalam Suleiman Sawarkah2 structures built of bricks on an area of 150sqm and inhabited with 16 individuals, including 2 wives and 11 children.A group of adjacent barracks built of steel and bricks on an area of 700sqm, and 300sqm barns (steel-fenced) used for grazing sheep.2 health facilities, 4 water tanks, and a cement oven 
Tayseer Ahmed Mosalm SawarkahResidential structure built of bricks on an area of 150sqm and inhabited with 4 individuals, including 2 children
Ibrahim Salama Khalil ObaiyatA barrack built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 100sqm as it was divided to two sections; the first was used for grazing sheep and the second was used for storing animal feed.
Dawoud Salama Khalil ObaiyatA barrack built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 100sqm as it was divided for two sections; the first was used for grazing sheep and the second was used for storing animal food.It should be noted that Ibrahim Obaiyat and his brother Salama have 2 daughters with disabilities
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with a Civil and Administration vehicle, a bulldozer, and a digger, stormed Khelat al-Natsh near Jawhar Mount neighborhood in the southern area in Hebron. They demolished a 2-stoey house owned by Sa’ad Zakaria Mustafa Edris. The first floor was built on 100 sqm and the second floor, which was not roofed, was built on an area of 120sqm. IOF claimed the demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). it should be noted that Edris was preparing the first floor in his house so he and his family comprised of 7 individuals, including 5 children would live in it.

Early this month, Edris received a Military Order No. 1779 to demolish his house. Israeli authorities use this military order on any construction that is not completed within 6 months. This type of military orders gives civilians 4 days for of the delivery date, which constitutes an obstacle in submitting the required documents for the competent authorities in Israeli courts.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 16:20 on Thursday, 19 November 2020, settlers from the group of “Paying the Price” moved from “Homesh” settlement, south of Jenin  (a settlement that was evacuated in 2005, but settlers dailthrew stones at a house owned by Rami Ayed Elwan Abu Osbah with stones, smashing the windows glass in addition to his vehicle’s windshield. Following that, the village residents gathered and confronted settlers with stones and forced them to leave the area.
  • On Friday morning, 20 November 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from “Nahal” settlement established on lands of Kisan village, which is about 20 kilometers away to the east of Bethlehem, leveled lands for a number of civilians from Ghazal family that are adjacent to the settlement in a preamble to annex it to the settlement.

Ahmed Ghazal, Head of Kisan Village’s Council, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that the leveling process was carried out under IOF strict security as those settlers uprooted dozens of trees, changing the landmarks. Ghazal stresses that Israeli authorities recently escalated leveling and demolition processes in Kisan village, indicating an Israeli plan in favor of “Ma’ale Amos” and “Nahal” settlements established on the village lands. Accordingly, there will a new settlement plan aim at displacing the village residents amounted of 800 individuals.

  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 21 November 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from “Havat Ma’on” settlement outpost raided a house in Kherbat al-Rakiz, which is adjacent to the abovementioned settlement that was established on confiscated lands from the area. Settlers attempted to raid a house owned by Hatem Mahmoud Makhamrah (36) and verbally insulted the house residents. In the meantime, a number of residents from Kherbat al-Tuwana nearby arrived at the area, which forced settlers leave the area under IOF’s security.
  • On Sunday morning, 22 November 2020, Israeli settlers attacked Sa’ad Salah and his son Mohanad in Shushahla village, south of al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. This attack was within a series of settlers’ attacks against Salah and his son to force them leave the village, which is almost evacuated in order to confiscate it. Mohanad Sa’ad Salah (39) said to PCHR’s fieldworker that he and his father were grazing sheep in the village lands when armed settlers from Elazar settlement established on the village lands attacked them, threw stones at them, and attempted to force them leave their land at gunpoint. However, Mohanad and his father confronted them.

Salah emphasized that he is constantly attacked by IOF and settlers to force his family, who is the sole one living in the village, to leave his land so that the confiscate it. It should be noted that Muhanned’s family comprised of 4 individuals ( his father, wife, and daughter Sedara 25) is the only family that still lives in Shushahla village that is surrounded with settlements from its all sides. Due to settlers attacks and depriving them of basic services, the village residents amounted about 200 persons had to leave their village in the 1970s and live in al-Khader village. Israeli authorities also prevent the village residents from returning and preparing their old houses or expand them and deprive them from power and other services. Walking is the only way to reach the village that is located above a mount on the road linking between Hebron and Jerusalem. Nothing left of village that have been established for more than 150 years, but few houses built of tin plates. Salah and his son insist on living in his house despite of the difficult circumstances and lack of basic life services. This small family that was deported from the village decades ago in light of IOF threats chose to return at the beginning of 1999s and refused to leave it, despite of the primitive life they live.  It should be noted that Salah family was severely attacked by settlers who in 2014, ran-over Slaha’s daughter Sedra ( who was 9 years back then). In 2016, settlers also burned the family’s house and wrote racist slogans on its walls.

  • At approximately 15:30 on Sunday, 22 November 2020, an Israeli settler named “Kubi” kidnapped Nour Eden Riyad Mash’ati (14), from Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus, north of the West bank, while he was present at the southern side of the village. Nour Eden was one kilometer away from the set-in tent established in the eastern side of the village to protect lands threatened of confiscation. The settler took the child to the new settlement outpost established in the east of the abovementioned village. In the meantime, village residents and the Palestinian Military Liaison intervened to free the child. The settler handed the child to IOF that were resent in the area. Two hours later, IOF released the child.
  • At approximately 11:30 on Monday, 23 November 2020, a group of Israeli settlers, from Yitzhar Street linking between Nablus and Qalqilya, attacked Tareq Ma’zouz Mohammed Hantash (19), from Baqat al-Hatab village, east of Qalqilya, while he was heading from Tulkarm to Jamma’in village as he works as salesman. The windshield of Hantsh’s vehicle was smashed and the front doors were damaged as settlers attempted to reach him, but he managed to drive away from the area.

Tareq said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

“At approximately 11:30, I was driving my vehicle on “Yitzhar Street and heading to work in the morning. There was a long vehicles’’ line on the street due to an accident. I saw my colleague, who is also a salesman, as he was skipping the vehicles line. I called him to inform him that I was on the same street behind the vehicles line, so he told me to flee from the area for Israelis settlers are throwing stones at vehicles. Accordingly, I attempted to turn back, but was surprised by another settlers’ bus surrounding me. Settlers stepped out of the bus and attempted to open the vehicle’s doors, but I locked them, so they threw big stones at the vehicle breaking all the windshield in an attempt to reach and attack me. I finally managed to flee from the area and returned to my place in the line. Fixing the vehicle’s windshield cost me about NIS 550, but I did not fix the doors yet.” 

  • At approximately 18:10 on Tuesday, 24 November 2020, a settler attacked Wa’el Ref’at Mashhour Sultan (43), from Hares village, north of Salfit, by pepper-spraying at his face when both vehicles stopped next to each other at the stop sign at Jinsafut village’s square, east of Qalqilya. As a result, Wa’el’s left eye was harmed and he was transferred to Darwish Nazal Hospital for medical treatment.

Wa’el Said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

“I was heading to Al-Funduq village, east of Qalqilya, and stopped at the stop sign at Jinsafut village’s square, a black vehicle stopped next to mines as a I heard a sound, so I looked at the vehicle. There was a religious settler with braids and wearing a hat in addition to 2 settlers. He started insulting me in Jewish language. I asked him if he was a policeman and he replied: “I will show you who I am. The settler took out something like a weapon and began spraying something on me. I looked at my hands and eye and saw blood. I was frightened and said to the young man who was next to me that I am dying. Later, the young men told me not to be afraid because this was gas. An Israeli force arrived at the area and questioned us. I told them that:” the place is full of cameras and you can watch everything happened to me.” I was taken to Darwish Nazal Hospital in Qalqilya for medical treatment.”

  • At approximately 09:00 on Wednesday, 15 November 2020, Israeli settlers from “Brukhin” settlement established at lands of Bruqin and Kafr ad-Dik villages, moved into al-Wadat area, north of Bruqin village, west of Salfit. The settlers uprooted 45 olive trees owned by Yusuf Sabrah. Yusuf said to PCHR’s fieldworker that this is the third time Israeli settlers attack his 8-dunum land.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 60 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested13 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Friday evening, 20 November 2020, IOF closed Qalandiya checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem in front of the traffic movement and reopened it later. At approximately 22:00 on Friday, 21 November 2020, IOF closed Qalandiya checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem, and Jaba’a checkpoint, northeast of the city, and reopened it later.
  • On Sunday, 22 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 19 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 20 November 2020, IOF established 5checkpoints the northern and western entrances to Tuqu, Jannata ,Husan, and Nahalin villages, and near the intersection of Kfar Etzion South of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 21 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 122 November 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Jala, Jannata, Za’atara and Wadi Fukin villages, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 23 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the eastern entrance to Maah Rabah village, western entrance to Tuqu village, and the western entrance to Beit Fajajr village, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 24 November 2020, established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Jala, the northern entrance to Tuqu village, between Nahalin and Husan villages and near Aqabat Hasnah area, west of the city.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 19 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to  Ein Qiniya village, northwest of the city.
  • On Saturday, 21 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Turmus Ayya village, east of the city.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 19 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 20 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to
  • On Sunday, 22 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.

Nablus:

  • On Sunday, 22 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to “Yitzhar” settlement, southeast of Nablus and the intersection of “Shavei Shomron” settlement, west of Nablus.
  • On Tuesday, 24 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sebastia village, west of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Tuesday, 24 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the western entrance to Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 19 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Awwa village, the road of Abu Risha, west of Idhna village, northern entrance to Yatta and Hebron’s western entrance.
  • On Friday, 20 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Kharsa, Beit Awwa, and Beit Ummar villages, Halhoul’s southern entrance.
  • On Saturday, 21 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to: Hebron’s southern entrance (al-Fahs) and the entrance to Idhna village.
  • On Sunday, 22 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at Halhoul’s northern entrance, and Yatta’s entrance.
  • On Monday, 23 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Bani Na’im and Beit Ummar villages.
  • On Tuesday, 24 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at Hebron’s southern entrance, Sa’ir and Beit Einun villages, and Hebron’s western entrance.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 19 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the Azzun village’s bridge, and the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Friday, 20 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to to Azzun village’s bridge, the eastern entrance to Qalqilya, and at the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Monday, 23 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection to Jinsafut village, east of Qalqilya.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 19 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Salfit’s northern entrance, the entrance to Deir Ballut village, and west of Salfit.
  • On Monday, 23 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the western entrance to Hares village, northern entrance to Salfit, the entrance to Kifl Haris village, the northern entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.

From Turtle Island to Palestine: There is No Going Back to “Normal”

December 8, 2020

Gaza authorities are desperately trying to contain the spread of the COVID-19 disease.(Photo: Fawzi Mahmoud, The Palestine Chronicle)

By Benay Blend

Shortly before Thanksgiving social media was abuzz with news that President-Elect Joe Biden had conferred with New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Arden over what measure to take regarding the Coronavirus crisis in the States. At the time of their conversation, New Zealand had just 58 active cases of the virus, all in managed isolation facilities. Moreover, because of strict lockdowns, it had recorded just over 2000 cases and 25 deaths. In contrast, over 255,000 lives have been lost in the United States, where new restrictions do not match New Zealand’s lockdown.

“I offered to him and his team access to New Zealand health officials in order to share their experience on things we’ve learnt on our Covid-19 journey,” Ardern said, but she cautioned that replicating the nation’s model everywhere may not be possible.

“While New Zealand has a number of natural advantages that have assisted us in managing the virus,” she explained, “I do absolutely believe that international cooperation continues to be key to getting the virus under control and we are happy to work with any country to share our knowledge and data if it’s helpful.”

It’s good that Biden is opening channels for communication that Trump preferred to close. Nevertheless, there is more to do than just the immediate problem of containing a virus that exposed all of the country’s preexisting problems.

Without those extra measures it will be pandemic redux the next time that there is a crisis. For the United States and for Palestine, both internally and in relationship with each other, there never was a “normal” which reflected models of social justice.

“Our country needs to get it together and start taking care of its people during a pandemic,” explains Rep. Rashida Tlaib. “There is no vaccine that will cure the economic hardship that COVID-19 has caused our communities.”

Perhaps the most important idem post-Covid idem will be healthcare. Writing for Black Agenda Report, Margaret Flowers warns that in a time of rising unemployment in which workers are losing, too, their healthcare, anything less than universal healthcare is unacceptable.

“In a time of the COVID-19 pandemic when over 250,000 people have already died and the University of Washington predicts  over 500,000 deaths by the end of February,” writes Flowers, “we cannot allow a repeat of the failed ACA [Affordable Care Act].” Since its inception, she points out, health insurance and pharmaceutical corporate profits have risen while people still cannot afford to pay for healthcare.

Moreover, Flowers writes, the “racist roots of healthcare in this country run as deep as the slavery underpinnings of policing.”  There is no vaccine, however, to end police shootings of civilians, in particular the poor and people of color. For example, I live in New Mexico, a state with a liberal governor, yet the police recently murdered Rodney Applewhite, a young black man who was simply traveling through on his way to visit his mother.

“The community has a right to know what happened to Rodney,” said Selinda Guerrero, who belongs to the two groups–Building Power for Black New Mexico and Millions for Prisoners New Mexico—responsible for organizing a protest on November 4th in Santa Fe. “We have a right to know, and transparency has not happened yet. [New Mexico State Police] have not revealed what happened to Rodney on the side of that rural highway.”

It is no coincidence that Palestinians suffer, too, at the hands of Israeli police, as almost every time a shooting makes news here there is a similar instance there. On November 4th, not long after Applewhite’s death, Israeli occupation forces murdered 13-year-old Ali Ayman Abu-Alayya while he was participating in a peaceful anti-settlement protest.

Not only do Palestinians endure the same restrictions as the poor and people of color in the US—lack of adequate health care and compensation for paychecks lost while sick, not to mention unemployment—they are doing so under the added layer of the occupation.

Writes Yumna Patel: “It’s become increasingly clear that the last two months of 2020 aren’t going to be as easy as we thought — in Palestine, or anywhere else.”

Without an end to the occupation, the outlook for 2021 does not bode well. Apparently, Israel has agreed to transfer millions of doses of COVID-19 treatment to Palestinian medical workers in the coming weeks. Even so, there is no vaccine to take the place of resistance as it is the only cure for the Occupation.

There is no remedy for the violence of settler-colonial regimes, whether in Palestine or the United States, except for world-wide decolonial movements. Moreover, as Ramzy Baroud explains,

“Any solidarity that deviates from the current aspirations of Palestinians – as articulated by their fighting women and men, by their prisoners on hunger strikes, by their students fighting for the right to education, by these resilient, but often neglected voices – is not true solidarity.”

Writing for Adalah Justice Project, Sumaya Awad and Sandra Tamari warn that “if we limit our demands to what is pragmatic or politically expedient, our movements for justice will always fall short. Let’s dream bigger than what the Democratic Party is selling as progress. Let’s collectively demand the world we know is possible, one where oppressed peoples, from Palestine to Kashmir to Flint, rise up to take control of their own lives.”

In a post-Covid world, there will be no change from above, as President-elect Joe Biden has surrounded himself with old-guard politicians devoted to maintaining the status quo, whether it be national healthcare, support for Israel, prison abolition, or all of the other fault lines exposed by the Coronavirus.

– Benay Blend earned her doctorate in American Studies from the University of New Mexico. Her scholarly works include Douglas Vakoch and Sam Mickey, Eds. (2017), “’Neither Homeland Nor Exile are Words’: ‘Situated Knowledge’ in the Works of Palestinian and Native American Writers”. She contributed this article to The Palestine Chronicle.

‘In My Heart, I am a Palestinian‘: Palestine Mourns Legendary Footballer Diego Armando Maradona

November 25, 2020

By Palestine Chronicle Staff

The 20th century’s greatest footballer, Diego Armando Maradona, died in San Andrés, Argentina, at the age of 60. The Argentine Football Association reported that the cause of death was cardiac arrest.

Maradona has been struggling with various health crises in recent years, the most recent of which was earlier this month when he reportedly suffered from a brain hemorrhage. 

Maradona’s fans around the world expressed their shock and deep sadness for his passing. Palestinians were not an exception. However, for Palestinian football fans, Maradona represented more than a mere player, arguably the best in the world. He was something else entirely. 

“In Palestine, you cannot hate Maradona. Your only option is to love him and you couldn’t have any negative opinion about him,” Palestinian journalist and editor of The Palestine Chronicle Ramzy Baroud said. “Maradona inspired something in us as a collective – a man of small built, from a terribly poor background, brown like us, fiery like us and passionate like us, making his way to the top of the world. For us, it was not about football or sports. It was about hope. It felt as if anything was possible.”

“You can only imagine our excitement when we learned that Maradona cared for Palestine, and made many gestures in support of our struggle. Our joy was complete. Indeed, until the very end, he took moral stances for Palestine, affirming, once more, in July 2018 that ‘In my heart, I am a Palestinian,” Baroud added.

The statement of solidarity was communicated then to Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas. However, this was not the only instance in which Maradona was vocal in his support of the Palestinian cause.

For example, in 2012, Maradona described himself as “the number one fan of the Palestinian people .. I respect them and sympathize with them.” 

During the Israeli war on Gaza in the summer of 2014, Maradona expressed his outrage. “What Israel is doing to the Palestinians is shameful,” he said in a statement. 

Also, in that same year, media reports spoke of negotiations between the Palestinian Football Association and the Argentinian football legend, who was rumored to be the next coach of the Palestinian national team during the 2015 AFC Asian Cup. 

“Growing up in Gaza, we loved Maradona. In fact, personally, I loved and played football because of him. Whenever he played, whether for Argentina, Napoli or other teams, we would drop everything and gather in front of our small black and white television set to watch him play,” Baroud said. 

In Palestine, we share the struggles of all oppressed, working-class people everywhere, and, in turn, we say ‘In our collective Palestinian heart, we are Argentinians; we Are South Americans,” Baroud added.  

“Thank you, Maradona. You will forever represent something beautiful in all of us.”

(The Palestine Chronicle)

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