Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine (11-17 February 2021)

 February 18, 2021

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (11-17 January 2021)

Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine

11 – 17 February 2021

  • Palestinian woman dies of heart attack during violent IOF raid into her house in Nablus
  • IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem: 19 Palestinians wounded
  • Two IOF incursions into eastern Gaza, and two shootings reported at fishing boats western Gaza Strip
  • In 106 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 71 civilians arrested, including 13 children and a woman
  • IOF delivers 20 demolition notices to houses in Nablus and Bethlehem; 5 buildings were self-demolished in occupied East Jerusalem and evacuation notices served to several buildings in the city
  • Settler-attacks: settlers kidnap a Palestinian man in Tulkarm, and attack civilian homes and vehicles in Nablus and Ramallah
  • IOF hinder the entry of Covid-19 vaccines into the Gaza Strip for two days
  • IOF established 69 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 13 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary           

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians that are mostly conducted after midnight and in the early morning hours. Additionally, IOF conducted widescale demolition operations; and served demolition and cease-construction notices, mostly in the northern Jordan valleys, eastern West Bank. Settler attacks continued this week, particularly attacks on civilian houses and vehicles in Nablus.

Also, the Israeli occupation authorities stalled the entry of 2,000 Covid-19 vaccines into the Gaza Strip for two days. The vaccines were sent by the Ministry of Health in Ramallah.

This week, PCHR documented 199 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

On 17 February 2021, 67-year-old Rahma Khalil Abu-Ahour, from Abu Nujaym village in eastern Bethlehem, died of a heart attack she suffered during an IOF raid into her nephew’s house where she was visiting. Additionally, IOF shot and injured 19 civilians in its attacks on peaceful protests in the West Bank: 4 at a protest in Beit Dajan – Nablus; 9 others at two protests in Kafr Qaddum – Qalqilya; and 6 by Salfit’s northern entrance.

In the Gaza Strip, two IOF shootings were reported on agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip, and twice at fishing boats off Gaza’s northern shore.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 106 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 71 Palestinians were arrested, including 13 children and a woman.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted 2 limited incursions into eastern Khan Younis and Northern Gaza.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 12 incidents:

  • Nablus: 11 demolition notices served (4 houses, 6 barracks and water tank) in central Jordan valleys; and 13 demolition notices (houses) in Yatma.
  • Hebron: barracks served demolition notice in Halhul.
  • Bethlehem: 3 houses served demolition notices in al-Khader.
  • East Jerusalem:
  • 5 self-demolitions: an external room overlooking the al-Aqsa Mosque; an apartment in Sur Baher; 2 barracks in Silwan; an apartment building in Shu’afat.
  • IOF served an apartment building an evacuation order in Silwan.
  • An Israeli court rejected the appeal of 4 families to annul the evacuation order issued against their homes in Sheikh Jarrah.
  • A house was demolished in Ras al-Amud.
  • Metal fence surrounding a plot of land in Jabel Mukaber removed.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 8 settler-violence incidents:

  • Hebron: shepherds and a Palestinian family assaulted in eastern Yatta
  • Nablus: assault on civilians and worshippers in Khan al-Laban; a farmer was also assaulted in the area. A bus and civilian houses were assaulted in Asira al-Qibliya and Qusra. Also, a car was set on fire.
  • Tulkarm: civilian was kidnapped while at his land; IOF later released him.
  • Ramallah: assaults on the vehicles of Palestinian workers parked near “Shilo” settlement, which is established on the lands of Turmus Ayya in northeastern Ramallah.

 Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity

  • At approximately 01:30 on Thursday, 11 February 2021, IOF moved into Ramallah in the center of the West Bank. Meanwhile, Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at IOF, who responded with teargas canisters to disperse them. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Friday, 12 February 2021, a peaceful protest took off in front of Beit Dajan village council, east of Nablus, north of the West Bank, at the call of the villagers and with the participation of the National Action Factions in Nablus, towards lands under the threat of confiscation, east of the village. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers, annexation wall and deal of the century. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. The protestors chanted slogans again against the Israeli occupation and settlers. IOF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, 4 protestors were shot with live bullets and taken to Rafidia hospital for treatment. Also, many protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 12:30 on Friday, 12 February 2021, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinian young men. IOF chased Palestinian young men gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired live and sponge bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, 8 protestors were wounded; one was wounded in his face while the rest wounded in their lower limbs.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Salfit, suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinian young men against lands under the threat of confiscation in favor of settlement projects. IOF chased Palestinians gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, 6 civilians were directly hit with teargas canisters.
  • At approximately 14:30 on Saturday, 13 February 2021, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinian young men. IOF chased Palestinian young men gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired live and sponge bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, an 18-year-old male was wounded with a sponge grenade in his thigh.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and stationed in al-Khelwa neighborhood. IOF established military checkpoints at the neighborhood entrances, searched Palestinian civilians and checked their IDs. During which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones, Molotov Cocktails and fireworks at IOF, who chased the protestors in the neighborhood and fired heavy rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. As a result, dozens of Palestinians suffocated due to teargas inhalation. Also, IOF arrested Mohammed Hatem Abu al-Hawa (19) and withdrew later.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, and off al-Sudaniyia Shore, west of Jabalia refugee camp, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, opened heavy fire around them until 21:30, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 20:00 on Sunday, 13 February 2021, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Ras Karkar village, northwest of Ramallah, stationed in several areas and checked civilians’ IDs. IOF deployed between residential houses and patrolled the area, causing fear among the villagers and forcing the shop owners to close at gunpoint. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF, who chased the stone-throwers and fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, many stone-throwers suffocated due to teargas inhalation. At 22:00, IOF withdrew towards the village’s main entrance and established a military checkpoint there.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Monday, 15 February 2021, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniyia Shore, west of Jabalia refugee camp, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, opened heavy fire around them, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.

Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 11 February 2021:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Jalqamus village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Abdul Baset Abed al-Hajj (48) and Abdul Rahim Sami Suleiman al-Hajj (40) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (8) civilians; Mohammed Hamdi Abu Maria (50), Saqer Mahmoud Abu Maria (46), Ayesh Naser Ikhlaiel (26), Lo’ay Shehda ‘Alqam (35), Mohammed Sameer Abu Maria (20), Abdullah Mohammed Ikhlaiel (20), Mohammed Bassam al-‘Allama (20), and Issa Hashem Bahr (22).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into al-Jalamah village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mahmoud Anis Sha’ban (35) and Mohammed Ali Yehya (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Shu’afat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yasine Taha’s (27) house and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Islam Emad Hashash (17).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. They raided and searched Mohammed As’ad Abu Khalifa’s (40) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Bireh, and stationed at al-Jinan neighborhood. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nadeem Saleem Ghaith (22).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Deir Nidham village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Naser Saqer al-Soufi (18), and Musallam Dawoud Yehya (19).
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF arrested Ra’fat Na’eem Abu Akr (53), from al-Doha, west of Bethlehem, while present in one of the Khader village’s streets, south of the city.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Waheed Eid Shabana (52), from al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, while present in Salah al-Dein street in the city center. IOF claimed that his presence in that area was not legal due to holding the West Bank ID card, and he was taken to al-Bareed police center until they returned him to the West Bank on the morning of the next day.

Shabana’s wife, an Israeli ID holder, said that her husband grew up, educated, and lived in Jerusalem, but his father moved to live in Ramallah in the 80s due to arresting Waheed when he was only 14. She added that her husband returned to Jerusalem after spending 4-years in the Israeli prisons, despite losing his right to obtain the Jerusalem ID card. After they got married he applied to the competent authorities to obtain unification four times, but his requests were rejected for security reasons. Shabana’s wife stated that she and her husband were arrested in June 2020, and they were mistreated and insulted at “Oz” police center in Jerusalem, as they stayed outside waiting their turns in the cold weather, then she was released without being investigated but Waheed was taken to al-Zaytouna military checkpoint. However, she mentioned that her husband was prevented to live between his sons, ages between 23-13, and from living in the city that he grew in, in addition to preventing him from his work and livelihood under the pretext of the illegal residence.

  • At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into Ein al-Beida village in the northern valleys, east of Tubas. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Maram Hikmat Abu Mutarea’ (28).
  • IOF carried out (15) incursions in Zeita, Attil, Nur Shams refugee camp, Tulkarm refugee camp, Tulkarm, and Kafr al-Dik villages, east of Salfit; Zababdeh, Arranah, and Umm al-Tut villages, southeast of Jenin; Tell, Badhan, and Sebastia in Nablus governorate; Dura, Samu, and Arrub refugee camp, in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 12 February 2021:

  • At approximately 13:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Monthir Atiya (20) and Mohammed Ahmed Atiya (19), from al-Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem, while present in Damascus Gate area in the occupied city, after finishing the Friday prayers in the Aqsa Mosque. IOF took them to al-Bareed police center in Salah al-Dein street.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF stationed at al-Jib military checkpoint, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Laith Eid Barakat (29) and his brother Ahmed (27), from al-Nabi Samwil village, while passing through the checkpoint. It should be noted that the village is surrounded by the annexation wall, and its residents can pass to Jerusalem and the West Bank only through al-Jib checkpoint, and no one is allowed to pass through it despite being registered on the checkpoint passers’ list.
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into al-Shuhada village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched Rabea Fadel Wishahi‘s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF arrested Ahmed Abdul Hafiz Atiya (17), while heading to a medical center in the Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem, to receive treatment. IOF took him to al-Bareed police center in Salah al-Dein street.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF severely beaten and arrested Sufian Ahmed Abu Nab (20), causing wounds and bruises that required taking him to hospital while he was under arrest.
  • IOF carried out (11) incursions in Azzun and Kafr Thulth villages, east of Qalqilya; Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin; Arraba and Kafr Ra’i, southwest of Jenin; Sanur, Bir al-Basha, and al-Jalamah, southeast of Jenin; Nablus, Tall, and Huwwarah in Nablus governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 13 February 2021

  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin; Azmut, northeast of Nablus; Sa’ir, Dura, and Nuba villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 14 February 2021:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Ashraf Sbeitan (16) and Mohammed Samer Abu al-Hawa (16) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Shu’afat neighborhood, north of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses belonging to Abu Khudair’s family and arrested (4) children; Saif Waleed Abu Khudair (16), his brother Mohammed (17), and their cousins, Abdul Rahman Abu Khudair (16) and Mohammed Emad Abu Khudair (17).
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Bab Huta neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Majd Khaled Sharifa’s (20) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services at Moscovia Detention Centre. It should be noted that Sharifa was accused of throwing stones at the settlers’ cars and arrested on 18 June 2017, when he was 16, and spent 11-months in the Israeli prisons.
  • IOF carried out (8) incursions in Zububa and Jalamah, southeast of Jenin; Deir Sharaf, west of Nablus; Izbat Shufa, southeast of Tulkarm; Fawwar refugee camp, Dhahiriya, Beit Ummar, and Sa’ir villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 15 February 2021:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Balata al-Balad village, east of Nablus. They raided and searched Hatem Mawhoob Dweikat’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Ram village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; the photojournalist Saif al-Dein al-Qawasmi (19), Zuhair Ahmed al-Hinnawi (22), and Wissam Ra’ed al-Hinnawi (19), and released them after several hours. It should be noted that Wissam is a former prisoner, and he was injured with a rubber bullet in his left eye during clashes with the Israeli soldiers several years ago.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into a village north of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Abu Danhash’s house and arrested Oday Issam Abu Danhash (22), and his brother Qusai (25).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron, and stationed in the center of the camp. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Mohammed Jameel Nassar (19) and Assem Wael Awadallah (18).
  • At approximately 02:20, IOF moved into Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched Mazen Seitan Abu al-Rab’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Surda, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Qusai Alaa’ Bazzar’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into Araqah village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) children; Mahdi Saleh Yehya (15), Oday Tamim Yehya (15), and Shukry Hasan Lotfi (15).
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into Azzun, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched Saleem Mohammed Badwan’s (48) farm and arrested him along with his son (22).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Aida refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Tareq Mahmoud Abu Srour’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Deir Nidham village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Ibrahim Ahmed al-Tamimi (21), Obay Saleh al-Tamimi (20), and Abdul Rahman Mohammed al-Tamimi (18).
  • At approximately 08:20, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved 50-squaremeters to the west of the border fence, east of Jabalia, north of the Gaza Strip. They leveled and combed lands that were previously leveled amidst Israeli sporadic shooting. At approximately 10:00, IOF withdrew, and no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF arrested Ahmed Subhi al-Sous (22), from Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron, while passing through a temporary military checkpoint established at the entrance of the camp.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF reinforced with dozens of military vehicles moved into Ras Karkar village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided Sufian Abdullah Abu Fukhaida’s house in the eastern side of the village, evicted its residents and seized the house, and got on the top of the house and prevented anyone from entering it. Meanwhile, people of the village gathered, and quarrels occurred between them and the Israeli soldiers to withdraw from the house. At approximately 02:15, they withdrew and headed to a three-stories house which is under destruction belonging to Hamdi Fadel Samhan, as they stuck the Israeli flag on the top of the house and turned it into a military barrack.

Tuesday, 16 February 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Rami Ahmed Abu Zneid (37) and Wael Abdul Aziz Abu Zneid (46). No arrests were reported.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Yatta, south of Hebron, and stationed in al-Karmel area. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Sami Issa Shatat (44) and Hatem Mahmoud Makhamra (49). No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Yaser Dawoud Mansour (54), a member of Hamas Movement in the dissolved legislative council, and Adnan Ahed Asfour (58), a leader in Hamas Movement.
  • Around the same time, IOF infantry units reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Silwad, northeast of Ramallah. They deployed and stormed dozens of houses and arrested (19) civilians, including 2 children, and underwent to field investigation for three consecutive hours and half, before releasing 14 of them. IOF kept three young men and two children under arrest and took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees are: Mohammed Abdul Hameed Awwad (16), Ahmed Yousef Ayyad (17), Mahdi Abdul Qader Hammad (19), Tareq Ziyad Hamed (28), and Mohannad Sameer al-Tawil (20), who is a former prisoner.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Ramallah, and stationed in Kadoura refugee camp adjacent to the city. They raided and searched Ra’fat Shihda Abu Shaqra’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Salem village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Shadi Ghassan Jabara (30).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Rujeib village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Eyad Ahmed Rawajba (32).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into the southern side of Hebron. They raided and searched al-Ja’bari’s houses and arrested (3) civilians; Mos’ab Omar al-Ja’bari (19), Ammar Mahmoud al-Ja’bari (52), and his son Emad (22).
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF stationed at Checkpoint 300, north of Bethlehem, arrested Akram Emran al-Atrash (25), while passing through the checkpoint back from his work in Israel to his home in al-Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Rujeib, Urif, southeast of Nablus; Beit Kahil and Fawwar refugee camp in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 17 February 2021:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Mostafa Abu Romouz (21) and Mohammed Maher Mutair (23) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and bulldozers 50-meters to the east of al-Fukhkhari village, east of Khan Yunis. They leveled and combed lands along the border fence amidst Israeli sporadic shooting which continued for hours before deploying again inside the abovementioned fence.

 Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 09:00 on 11 February 2021, IOF accompanied with an Israeli Civil Administration SUV moved into ‘Ein Shebli in the Central Jordan Valleys, northeast of Nablus. The Civil Administration officer notified 4 houses, 6 barracks and a water tank with demolition under the pretext of unlicensed construction in Area C.
No.NameNotified Facility
1-Shehdah ‘Abed Rabboh Abu al-Kabbash5 barracks; each is 200 sqms
2-Nabil Mohammed ShtayyahAn under-construction house (80 sqms)
3-Aisha Mohammad ShtayyahAn under-construction house (100 sqms)
4-Nizam Khader ShtayyahA 60-sqm barrack
5-Shukri ShtayyahAn under-construction house (100 sqms)
6-Moussa Ka’abnahAn under-construction house (100 sqms) and 5 barracks; each is 120 sqms
7-Ministry of AgricultureA 500-cbm water tank established 10 years ago
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with an Israeli Civil Administration vehicle moved into northern Halhoul, north of Hebron. The Civil Administration officer handed Khairy ‘Abdel Qader al-Herbawi military order no. (1797) relevant to the demolition of a tinplate and steel barrack built on an area of 20 sqms.  The demolition notice was issued allegedly for building in Area C and gives al-Herbawi only 96 hours from the date he received the notice.  Al-Herbawi was supposed to graze sheep in that barrack as he owns 8 dunums in the area.
  • On Thursday afternoon, IOF handed 3 Palestinians 3 demolition notices in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem, allegedly for having no license. The Coordinator of al-Khader Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission, Ahmed Salah, said that Isma’il Mohammed Mousa, ‘Ali Salim Mousa and his son Ahmed were handed demolition notices for their houses in Abu Soud area, west of the village, allegedly for unlicensed construction, after Beit El Court rejected their appeal against the demolition decision.  Salah added that Mousa Family has suffered a lot due to the ongoing IOF campaign for years against them.  He said that Ismail’s Mousa’s house (70 sqms) shelters 7 persons, was demolished in 2014. The houses of ‘Ali Salim Mousa and his son, Khaled, are 80 sqms each.  Salah added that ‘Ali Mousa’s house was demolished four times within the last ten years under the pretext of unlicensed construction and for its location approximate to the annexation wall.  Salah also said that the houses of ‘Ali Mousa’s other sons, Mohammed and Ahmed, are threatened of demolition, which renders 20 persons  under the threat of losing their houses and becoming displaced.  It should be noted that Abu Soud area is adjacent to the bypass road around the village and is considered the only outlet for urbanization in the western side of al-Khader village.
  • On Friday morning, 12 February 2021, Abu Hedwan Family self-demolished an outside room built of steel and shed cloth and overlooking al-Aqsa Mosque, pursuant to the Israeli Municipality’s decision issued under the pretext of unlicensed construction. Mohammed Abu Hedwan, one of the family members, said that the room was built few years ago in the Dung Gate (Magharba) neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.  He said that it was not covered in the beginning but later roofed with shed cloth to protect it from rain.  Abu Hedwan explained that the family built the room so that all its members gather inside as their houses are very narrow and small.  He added that the Israeli Municipality sent them a notice to demolish the room and threatened them last week either to demolish it themselves or the Israeli Municipality crews will do and fine them with the demolition fees.  Abu Wahdan also said that the room is 90 sqms near al-Aqsa Mosque, 70 members of Abu Hedwan family benefited from it by using it as a family council to receive guests.
  • On Saturday afternoon, 13 February 2021, Nemer Khalil Nemer self-demolished his residential apartment in Sur Baher neighborhood, south of occupied East Jerusalem, pursuant to the Israeli Municipality’s decision under the pretext of unlicensed construction. The house’s owner, Nemer Khalil Nemer, said that the apartment was built in 2015 on an area of 85 sqms, and he recently started repairing it so that his son, Jihad, and wife live in it.  However, the Israeli Municipality issued a decision to demolish it and gave him until Monday morning to implement the decision.  Nemer said that he was forced to implement the demolition decision and collect the rubble to spare himself the demolition fees imposed by the Israeli Municipality.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Sunday, 14 February 2021, IOF accompanied with an Israeli Civil Administration SUV moved into Yatma village, southeast of Nablus. The Civil Administration officer notified 13 houses of the demolition in Hazouret As-Sha’b, Khelet Qudeiri and Zaytoun Jabarin area, west of the village, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C.

Those affected were as follows:

No.NameNotified FacilityNumber of Family MembersNotes
1-Anwar Yousif Moti’a NajjarUnder construction house (120 sqms) 
2-Mo’in ‘Abdel Qader Najjar2-storey house and a roof (each floor is 150 sqms while the roof is 70 sqms)Ready
3-Mohammed Mahmoud Muti’a ‘Najjar2-storey house; each floor is 130 sqmsReady
4-Ahmed Nabih Tawfiq NajjarA 160-sqm houseReady
5-Mohammed Amjad Najjar2-sotey house (150 sqms)Under construction
6-Yahiya Wajih Najjar2-stoey house; each floor is 170 sqms7, including 4 childrenInhabited
7-Ahmed ‘Adnan Ahmed Sanobar2-storey houseUnder construction
8-Iyad ‘Ata Abu Baker2-storey house; each floor is 170 sqms6, including 3 childrenInhabited
9-Mus’ab ‘Ata Abu Baker2-storey house; each floor is 150 sqms3, including 1 childInhabited
10-Anas Mohammed Farah Najjar2-storey house; each floor is 150 sqms6, including 4 childreninhabited
11-Nidal Ahmed ‘Abdel Fattah Sanobar2-storey house; each floor is 140 sqms6, including 2 childrenInhabited
12-Mohammed Mahmoud farah Najjar2-storey house; each floor is 130 sqmsUnder construction
13-Yazid Mohammed Khudeir2-storey house; each floor is 130 sqms8, including 4 childreninhabited
  • On Sunday morning, 14 February 2021, ‘Awadallah family continued the demolition of their 2-storey residential building in Sho’afat neighborhood, north of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, pursuant to the Israeli Municipality’s decision allegedly for unlicensed construction.

Jihad ‘Awadallah stated that his family’s residential building was built 20 years ago, and its construction cost nearly half a million shekels. He added that the building comprised two apartments, each with an area of ​​120 sqms; one of them was uninhabited while the other was for his brother Mohammad and his family after he prepared it and paid more than 100,000 shekels to live in it.  However, he had to leave it a while ago, after the Israeli municipality had haunted the family via courts and imposing fines of more than 120,000 shekels. ‘Awadallah added that at the end of last year, the Israeli court issued its final decision to demolish the building and gave them until 05 January 2021, to implement the decision.  As a result, the family had to demolish part of the building at the time, and today it resumes the demolition with the help of workers and vehicles, which cost them around 70,000 Shekels.

  • On Sunday afternoon, 14 February 2021, the Israeli occupation authorities handed Batn al-Hawa Families’ lawyer in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, a decision by the Israeli Magistrate Court to vacate a residential building belonging to Younis Shehadah and his sons in favor of Ateret Cohanim Jewish organization.

Ibrahim Shehadah, Younis Shehadah’s son, said that he was surprised with the Magistrate Court’s decision to vacate his family’s building comprised of 5 residential apartments and give them till next July to implement it.  Shehadah said that his father presented all the papers to the court that prove he has lived in the building since before 1967.  He added that “all the allegations are void and fake, and we will resort to the courts to refute them although we know that the Israeli judiciary will not bring us justice,” emphasizing they would stay at their home and stick to it.  Ibrahim also said that his father has not received the eviction decision yet, but their lawyer, Yazid Qe’awar, has it.  He added that his father and siblings live in the residential building comprised of 5 apartments in Batn al-Hawa neighborhood.  It should be noted that Younis Shehadah (83), his wife and children, Yousif, Mohammed, ‘Ali and ‘Alaa and their families of 22 members live in the building.

Head of Batn al-Hawa Neighborhood Committee, Zuhair al-Rajabi, said that 9 families out of 87 families have so far received eviction decisions from the Israeli courts from, indicating that most of them have filed appeals to the decisions, and others are waiting for the responses to their appeals. It is noteworthy that the families that received eviction decisions in Batn Al-Hawa neighborhood are: Dweik, Shweiki, ‘Awad Jaber al-Rajabi, ‘Odah, Jawad Abu Nab, ‘Abd Jaber al-Rajabi, Selm Ghaith, Rushdi Abu Ramouz and Shehadeh. The eviction decisions issued by the Israeli courts against the Palestinian families in favor of “Ateret Cohanim” settlement association came under the pretext of the land on which the houses are built belonged to the Yemeni Jews in 1892. Al-Rajabi indicated that the Israeli courts stated issuing eviction decisions against the residents of Batn al-Hawa neighborhood in 2015. The number of residents at risk of eviction ranges from 850 to 1000. He added that the Neighborhood Committee, in cooperation with human rights organizations, filed a case before the Israeli court against the “Ateret Cohanim” settlement association. The committee also filed a request to the Palestinian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to stop the political evacuation decisions supported by the Israeli government, which aims to displace about 1,000 Palestinians.

  • On Monday afternoon, 15 February 2021, the Israeli District Court rejected the appeal filed by 4 Palestinian families from Karam al-Ja’ouni area in Sheikh Jarrah, north of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, demanding the court to stop evacuation of their houses in favor of Israeli settlers, who claim their ownership of the land, where the houses are built.

The families’ lawyer, Sami Irshayed, said that the Israeli District Court rejected the appeal filed against the decision of the Magistrate Court to evict the families of Iskafi, Kurd, Ja’ouni and Al-Qasem from their houses in favor of settlers, and the families were given until 02 May to implement the eviction decisions.  The families’ lawyer, Sami Irshayed, added that Israeli bodies claimed ownership of the land where the families’ properties are built in the “Karam al-Ja’ouni” neighborhood in Sheikh Jarrah, and it was registered in 1972.  Thus, the Magistrate Court issued an eviction decision against the aforementioned families last October, and the families filed an appeal to the District Court which was rejected on Monday. The families intend to go to the Supreme Court to file another appeal. Lawyer Irshayed explained that the residents of the “Karam al-Ja’ouni neighborhood” in Sheikh Jarrah have lived in their houses since 1956, upon an agreement between the Jordanian government represented by the “Ministry of Construction and Development” and UNRWA, to provide residences for 28 refugee families in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, in exchange for giving up their UNRWA relief cards, and one of the conditions was to pay a symbolic rent, provided that the property will be authorized for housing after 3 years, but this has not been done.  Several years following the occupation of Jerusalem, the Israeli authorities began to pursue the residents of Sheikh Jarrah and demand that they vacate their houses under the pretext of “ownership of the land.”

  • At approximately 07:00 on Tuesday, 16 February 2021, Israeli Municipality bulldozers demolished a house built of bricks and fortified tinplate in Ras Kabsah area in Ras al-Amud neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of building without a license.

The houseowner, Jihad Hasan Abu Romouz (40), said that he was surprised with IOF surrounding his house on Tuesday morning, ordering him and his children to leave and vacate the house contents.  He added that IOF did not allow him to take all his house contents and demolished it on the furniture, rendering him and his family homeless, without any prior warning in light of this cold rainy weather.  Abu Romouz said that he built the house last November with 2 rooms of bricks and a barrack of steel and fortified tinplate that included a living room, kitchen and toilet on an area of 90 sqms.  Jihad Abu Romouz lived in the house with his wife and 2 sons, Mohammed (12) and Qosay (10).  Abu Romouz added that the Israeli Municipality bulldozers demolished last August a 90-sqm house and re-demolished it on Tuesday morning under the pretext of building without a license although the Israeli Municipality refused to give him a license to build the area.

  • At approximately 11:00, the Israeli Municipality bulldozers removed an iron fence surrounding a 55-sqm land in Deir As-Sanah in Jabal Mukaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, and damaged construction materials belonging to Amjad Talab.

Amjad Talab said that he set cement foundations on an area of 25 sqms to build a house, but the Israeli Municipality handed him a demolition decision and forced him to destroy it a month and a half ago.  Talab also said that the Municipality bulldozers raided his land in the morning and removed the fence and steel angles surrounding it in addition destroying bricks, cement and sand that were in the place.

Settler attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property

  • At approximately 09:00 on Friday, 12 February 2021, a group of settlers from “Karmiel” settlement established on Palestinian lands confiscated from eastern Yatta, south of Hebron, moved into Sedet al-Tha’lah area near the settlement. The settlers attempted to attack shepherds with their sheep in their lands.  IOF intervened after the shepherds refused to leave.  The settlers attempted to attack the family of Mahmoud Mohamad Shonaran who lives in one of the caves in the area.  It should be noted that the Israeli authorities declared the area state lands under the jurisdiction of the State of Israel; the Palestinian landowners filed a complaint before the Israeli Supreme Court to restore their ownership.
  • At approximately 12:00 on Friday, settlers under IOF’s protection attacked worshippers while performing Friday Prayer in the Ottoman Khan threatened to be confiscated in eastern al-Laban village, southeast of Nablus. IOF fired teargas canisters at the worshippers; as a result, many suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and were treated on the spot.
  • At approximately 16:20, a group of settlers chased Mohammed Nabil Kattanah, from An-Nazla al-Gharbiya village, north of Tulkarm, while being in his land namely al-Mughraqah in the eastern side of the village and kidnapped him to “Hermesh” settlement. IOF released him at 18:30 following the Israeli Military Liaison’s intervention.
  • At approximately 16:55 on Saturday, 13 February 2021, settlers from “Yitsahar” settlement in eastern ‘Asiret al-Qabaliyah, southeast of Nablus, under IOF’s protection threw stones at Palestinian houses. The local residents confronted the settlers and IOF, who fired teargas canisters at them.  As a result, a number of them suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • Around the same time, settlers from “Esh Kodesh” settlement established in eastern Qusra village, southeast of Nablus, under IOF’s protection, threw stones at Palestinian houses. The local residents confronted the settlers and IOF, who fired teargas canisters at them.  As a result, a number of them suffocated due to teargas inhalation and were treated on the spot.  The settlers burnt tires of a car belonging to ‘Awad Mahmoud Ahmed ‘Odah.
  • At approximately 16:30 on Sunday, 14 February 2021, a group of settlers from “Yitzahar” settlement established on southeastern lands of Nablus threw stones at a public transport bus belonging to Bisan Busses Company at ‘Asira al-Qibliya village in al-Hawouz area. As a result, the bus sustained damage, but no injuries were reported among its passengers, noting that the bus was driven by Naser Mousa ‘Abdel ‘Aziz ‘As’ous (51) from Burin village and carries 15 passengers.
  • At approximately 23:30 on Moday, 15 February 2021, settlers from “Levona” settlement established on Al-Laban As-Sharqiya village lands, southeast of Nablus, threw stones at Salah Majed Samih Daraghmah (27) while he was planting olive seedlings in his land, south of the village, and beat him up. As a result, he sustained bruises all over his body and was taken to Rafida Governmental Hospital in Nablus for treatment.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 16 February 2021, a group of settlers from “Shilo” settlement established on Turmus Ayya village, northeast of Ramallah, attacked the buses carrying Palestinian workers parked near the settlement and punctured their tires.

Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

On Monday, 15 February 2021, Israeli authorities denied the entry of 2000 doses of Coronavirus vaccine into the Gaza Strip. These doses were sent from the Palestinian Ministry of Health (MOH) in Ramallah, but Israeli authorities refused its entry as the political leadership in Israel had not yet approved the Palestinian Authority’s request to transfer the vaccine to Gaza. The Palestinian Minister of Health, Dr. May Al-Kailah emphasized in a press statement that the Israeli authorities prevented the entry of 2000 doses of Russia’s Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine into the Gaza Strip. IOF allowed the entry of the vaccines on Wednesday.

The West Bank:

In addition to 108 permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 62 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 2 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 12 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Nabi Salih village.
  • On Saturday, 13 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Nabi Salih village and near “Halamish” settlement, northeast of the city.
  • On Sunday, 14 February 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints on a road connecting between Ni’lin and Shuqba villages, at Ras Karkar village’s intersection, at the entrance to Nabi Salih village, and at the entrance to Deir Nidham village.
  • On Monday, 15 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Nabi Salih and Silwad villages.
  • On Tuesday, 16 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint near ‘Atara village, north of the city.

Jericho:

  • On Monday, 15 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint near “Ma’aleh Ephraim” settlement, north of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 02 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 11 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village and at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 12 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village and near al-Nashnash intersection, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 13 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint near al-Nashnash intersection, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 14 February 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, at the entrance to Za’atara village and near al-Nashnash intersection, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 15 February 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Tuqu village, at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village and near Al-Khader village entrance, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 16 February 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Beit Jala village, at the western entrance to Tuqu village and near Dar Salah Bridge, east of the city.
  • On Wednesday, 17 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint near al-Nashnash intersection, south of Bethlehem.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 11 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at Beita village intersection and on Madama village’s bridge, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Friday, 12 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at al-Moraba’a intersection, which connects between Nablus’ eastern and southern villages.
  • On Sunday, 14 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to An-Nassariya village, northeast of Nablus.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 11 February 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Yatta city, Idhna village, at the southern entrance to Hebron, and at the entrance to Fawwar refugee camp
  • On Friday, 12 February 2021, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Awwa and Idhna village, at the northern entrance to Halhul city, at the western entrance to Hebron, and at the entrance to Jalael village.
  • On Saturday, 13 February 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Al-Arroub refugee camp, and at the entrances to Surif, Beit Awwa and Tarrama villages.
  • On Sunday, 14 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Hebron and at the northern entrance to Halhul city.
  • On Monday, 15 February 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Awwa and Idhna villages, and at the eastern entrance to Dura City. Beit Ummar village, at the northern entrance to Halhul city, at the southern entrance to Yatta, and at the eastern entrance to Dura village.
  • On Tuesday, 16 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Ummar and Ash-Shuyukh villages.

Qalqilya:

  • On Friday, 12 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to the city.
  • On Tuesday, 16 February 2021, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Azzun, Izbat al-Tabib and Jit villages, and at the eastern and southern entrances to the city.

Salfit:

  • On Friday, 12 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Salfit.
  • On Saturday, 13 February 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Kifl Haris and Kafr ad-Dik villages, at the entrance to Salfit.
  • On Tuesday, 16 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Salfit.

Critics of President Joe Biden’s first foreign policy speech

Critics of President Joe Biden’s first foreign policy speech

February 15, 2021

from Zamir Awan for the Saker Blog

The only optimistic part of President Joe Biden’s first foreign policy speech is, “We’re also stepping up our diplomacy to finish the war in Yemen — a war which has produced a humanitarian and strategic catastrophe. I’ve asked my Middle East squad to ensure our support for the United Nations-led initiative to enforce a truce, open humanitarian channels, and restore long-dormant peace talks. This morning, Secretary Blinken appointed Tim Lenderking, a career foreign policy officer, as our special representative to the Yemen war. And I appreciate his doing this. Tim is a life — has a lifetime of experience in the region, and he’ll work with the U.N. representative and all parties of the conflict to push for a diplomatic resolution. And Tim’s diplomacy will be reinforced by USI- — USAID, working to guarantee that humanitarian aid reaches the Yemeni people suffering un- — an unendurable [sic] — unendurable destruction. This war has to finish. And to underline our commitment, we are terminating all American support for offensive operations in the war in Yemen, including relevant arms sales. Mr. Secretary, it’s great to be here with you. And I’ve been seeing forward a long time to be able to call you “Mr. Secretary.”

It is yearned that there will be an end to bloodshed and loss of human lives.

The most important is he believed, “As I said in my opening address, we will heal our alliances and involve with the world once again, not to meet yesterday’s challenges, but today’s and tomorrow’s. American leadership must encounter this new era of advancing authoritarianism, including the growing ambitions of China to rival the United States and the determination of Russia to damage and disorder our democracy.”

He pointed out to strengthen alliances to counter China and Russia. It means a new cold-war he is going to launch. The world has hurt a lot during the cold war from the 1850s to the 1980s. Although the former USSR was disintegrated as a result of cold-war, the rest of the world has suffered a lot. There is a fear that if a new cold war is initiated against Russian and China, it will divide the world again, hate will be promoted. The lessons learned from the previous cold-war promoted understanding, tolerance, cooperation, and harmony, to develop the world into a better place for our next-generations.

On the other hand, ex-President Trump has annoyed and humiliated the allies so much that some are unwilling to be part of any alliance created to spread hate and coerce any other nation.

The most important ally, Germany, is annoyed, and Chancellor Angela Merkel alleged that the “cold war of alliance” is a new diplomacy devising type since the United States’ Biden administration came to power. It is “the starkest manifestation that one country resists the growth of another country.” Germany believes that China has the right to the upswing. The United States has no right to force other European countries into compliance with the “selfishness” practice of serving the United States. She has condemned the US Biden administration for “forming gangs” against China. The “cold war alliance” act open-minded European countries and the World why Germany asserted this position. She made it clear that Germany will not participate in any US-led activities aimed at “encirclement and suppression” China. She also endorses other countries not to join in this “hegemonic” behavior! Because it will procure no other benefits besides damaging European unity and world economic recovery! She said that the new U.S. Secretary of State Blincoln unabashedly dispensed new threats and sanctions against China in Washington. At the same time, he harshly condemned Europe and should not sign an investment treaty with China behind its back. Great disgust, anxiety, and restlessness in Europe.

Spain, France, and Switzerland shared similar views. Youth in Europe are quite mature and are opposing any initiative for the cold-war.

Regarding the U.S. as custodian of democracy is a false narrative. The U.S. was involved in killing democracy in some of the countries and supporting dictatorship in many countries. The toplinig of democratically elected Adil Morsey, the President of Egypt, is a typical example. Supporting General Sesi is openly supporting dictatorship. U.S. history is full of hypocrisy where they have openly endorsed dictators in their own interests. In the Middle-east, Africa, and many other parts of the world, the U.S. is standing with certified dictators. Even today, the U.S. is supporting many dictators around the globe. The U.S. has double standards and stands with dictators when their interests coincide.

Regarding human rights, the U.S. was using human rights as a political tool to coerce some countries while engaged in human rights violations in the middle-East, Latin America, South America, Africa, and other parts of the world, etc. President Joe Biden was part of policymaking under various presidents in the past to launch a crusade against Muslims, war-crimes in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria, etc. He may be in the habit of dictating American terms and conditions during the unipolar world. He may need to change this type of mindset.

Recently, the U.S. uses this tool to coerce China and make propaganda of Hong Kong and Xinjiang issues and keep criminals silent on Human rights violations in Kashmir and Palestine. India and the State of Israel are the two countries that have surpassed the record of human rights violations, but the U.S. is being a close ally with them, kept eyes closed.

Although President Joe and Trump’s rivalry is their internal issue, it seems that President Joe is determined to undo all initiatives and policies launched by President Trump. From Pandemic to foreign policies, he has indicated to reverse Trump’s policies. He has hinted out undo troops withdrawal from Afghanistan, as announced by President Trump earlier. It might have severe consequences on the regional peace and stability. However, President Joe Biden’s approach to re-engage Iran for Nuclear Deal is positive thinking.

President Joe has been served under various Administrations during the last few decades. He is well-matured, well-mannered, and familiar with diplomatic etiquettes, and may not embarrass others. But President Joe is still in the mindset of a unipolar world, where the U.S. was the only superpower. He needs to re-evaluate the geopolitics and understand the revival of Russia and the rise of China. With this changed geopolitics, he needs to assert in an acceptable manner. His team, especially the scholars, intellectuals, and think tanks , may advise him appropriately.

The world needs peace and stability much more than ever. Understanding, tolerance, and harmony is the only option to cooperate with each other to turn the world into a safer place to live with dignity and honor. Any initiative to serve humanity is welcomed, and any policy disgracing humankind is rejected by all equally.

Author: Prof. Engr. Zamir Ahmed Awan, Sinologist (ex-Diplomat), Editor, Analyst, Non-Resident Fellow of CCG (Center for China and Globalization), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan. (E-mail: awanzamir@yahoo.com).

GIDHR to Biden: Put an End to the War on Yemen

GIDHR to Biden: Put an End to the War on Yemen

By Staff, GIDHR.org

On the Global Day of Action for Yemen, the Gulf Institute for Democracy and Human Rights addressed US President Joe Biden urging him to put an end to the war on Yemen.

Dear President Joe Biden,

We, in the Gulf Institute for Democracy and Human Rights [GIDHR], are writing to you to offer our congratulations on your election.

We are, also, writing to bring to your attention the unprecedented crisis in Yemen due to the war launched by Saudi and Emirati led coalition.

Targeting civilians

The Saudi and Emirati led coalition directly target Yemeni residential neighborhoods, schools, markets, leaving civilian casualties, without being held responsible for their crimes. It is estimated that, until November 2020, more than 100,000 Yemenis [including thousands of children and women] were directly targeted and killed.

These attacks are blatant violations to the international law which guarantees protecting the lives of civilians and children during armed conflicts. They also amount to be described as war crimes, whose perpetrators and those who ordered the attacks should be prosecuted.

Imminent Catastrophe

The high levels of food insecurity and acute malnutrition which knock on the Yemenis’ doors are alarming, especially with the spread of Covid-19 pandemic. Many people lost their jobs what to lead to an increase in the population rate who lost the ability to secure their needs, and an increase in the rate of those who need humanitarian aid.

The designation of Houthis as a foreign terrorist organisation by the former US secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, raised the concerns of worsening the famine and the humanitarian conditions in the country.

In this context, Mark Lowcock, the director general of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, called for the decision to be reversed. He warned the UN that “the likely humanitarian impact of the US decision would be a large-scale famine on a scale that we have not seen for nearly 40 years.”

David Beasley, the UN food chief, described the situation as “literally a death sentence to hundreds of thousands, if not millions of innocent people, in Yemen”.

The systematic destruction of farms, fisheries, sewage, sanitation plants and much more had brought more suffering to the Yemeni people. UN reports estimate that two-thirds of Yemenis are already hungry and half of them do not know what their next meal is. Quarter the population suffer from malnutrition, ranging from moderate to severe, including more than two million children.

Blockade and siege

For nearly six years, Yemenis have been facing a blockade on all their ports, preventing humanitarian aid, food, medications, fuel, and any other goods from entering the country.

The blockade has been contributing to the humanitarian disaster which the Yemeni people are facing.

The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs estimated that 131,000 Yemenis have died from indirect causes such as lack of food, health services and infrastructure. All these causes are results of the Saudi and Emirati led war on Yemen, their direct targeting of civilians and the blockade they are enforcing, starving millions and killing tens thousands of Yemenis.

Recommendations:

We are aware of your statements to end US support for Saudi Arabia’s military intervention in Yemen. Hence, we urge you to:

  • End the US support of Saudi Arabia’s war on Yemen as soon as possible.
  • Stop the arms sales to Saudi Arabia and United Arabic Emirates.
  • Pressure the international community and the coalition, especially Saudi Arabia and United Arabic Emirates, to end the blockade enforced on Yemeni ports.
  • Hold the perpetrators and the instigators of the war crimes committed against the Yemeni people accountable and refer them before fair trials.
  • Compensate the victims of this war.
  • Reconstruct Yemen.

Yours sincerely,

Gulf Institute for Democracy and Human Rights [GIDHR]

‘Beyond Vietnam’: Where Do We Go from Here?

January 14, 2021

Martin Luther King (1929 – 1968)

By Benay Blend

In “Beyond Vietnam” (1967), his speech delivered at the Riverside Church in New York, Martin Luther King opened by quoting from Clergy and Laymen Concerned about Vietnam. “A time comes when silence is betrayal,” King explained, then concluded: “That time has come for us in relation to Vietnam.”

King’s words that followed still ring true today. In what was perhaps the most significant, but least appreciated, speeches of his career, King warned against falling into “conformist thought,” in particular regarding official policy during times of war.

There is no war today like Vietnam, but there is an ongoing foreign policy that commits imperialist acts abroad. As Peter Dreier notes, over 50 years since King’s Riverside Church address, the US remains involved in several ground wars as well as a war on “terrorism,” which is principally a battle against Muslims as well as immigrants, the latter of whom are motivated to flee their countries because of US-sponsored violence abroad.

In particular, there is foreign aid that goes, among other destinations, to the state of Israel. In this way, the Unites States allows the Zionist state to continue its Occupation of Palestinians by using all the brutality that we used in Vietnam.

As Ramzy Baroud observes, by going against “not only the state apparatus” but also the “liberal hierarchy” which posed as if they were his allies, King’s self-described “inner truth” cost him some support. “It was a lonely, moral stance,” wrote Michelle Alexander. “And it cost him.”

In her landmark Opinion Piece published one year ago in the New York Times, Alexander goes on to hold up King’s example as a standard that still holds true today. In particular, Alexander is concerned with questioning her own silence on what she calls “one of the great moral challenges of our time: the crisis in Israel-Palestine.”

Alexander circumvents King’s well-known advocacy for Israel’s “right to exist” by suggesting that “if we are to honor King’s message and not merely the man, we must condemn Israel’s actions.”

It is impossible to know how King’s position on the Middle East would have changed over time. Building on Alexander’s piece, David Palumbo-Liu cites King’s opposition to apartheid South Africa as a clue to how he would feel towards the same practices in Israel today.

“The fact that King explicitly linked colonialism and segregation suggests that he would indeed recognize the expansion of the occupation as a settler-colonial project. If he did, he would then have to reevaluate his support for Israel pre-1967, as so many others have in recent years. He might well have come to recognize the absolute continuity between the 1948 dispossession, exile, and colonization of Palestinians and the post-1967 occupation.”

Indeed, Hagai El-Ad, executive director of B’Tselem, Israel’s largest human rights organization, has just called for the end of “the systematic promotion of the supremacy of one group of people over another,” i.e. apartheid very similar to what existed in South Africa.

In other ways King’s voice speaks to present-day concerns. In his 1968 call for an “economic bill of rights,” King challenged the notion that this country could afford both “guns and butter,” a conundrum that still prevails today. “We have come to see that this is a myth,” he explained, “that when a nation becomes involved in this kind of war, when the guns of war become a national obsession, social needs inevitably suffer.”

Theoretically we are not at war. On the other hand, as long as we give military aid to countries that repress their people we are not at peace. At a time when Congress continues to propose huge increases in the country’s military budget by cutting programs for the poor, King’s speech holds true today.

As Ramzy Baroud observes, there has been very little direct aid to Americans struggling under the impact of the virus, yet Congress continues to provide Israel with enormous sums of money ostensibly for defense. In reality, these funds are very much needed at home.

“The mere questioning of how Israel uses the funds – whether the military aid is being actively used to sustain Israel’s illegal occupation of Palestine, finance Jewish settlements, fund annexation of Palestinian land or violate Palestinian human rights,” Baroud explains, remains a “major taboo.”

Many years ago, Reverend King described “adventures like Vietnam” as “some demonic, destructive suction tube” that drew “men and skills and money” into the effort to keep it going. What would he think now of massive funds that go to another country which oppresses its people in ways similar to the Jim Crow South in which King was born?

At the closing of her memorial to Martin Luther King, Alexander pledges “to speak with greater courage and conviction about injustices beyond our borders, particularly those that are funded by our government, and stand in solidarity with struggles for democracy and freedom. My conscience leaves me no other choice.”

King, too, chose to address his vision “beyond Vietnam,” thereby to “a world that borders on our doors.”

In a statement regarding the January 6th right-wing riots in D.C., the US Peace Council reiterated that guns at the expense of butter were part of the root cause of disaffection. “While a record $740B military appropriation sailed through Congress with only 20 Democrats in opposition,” the statement read, “desperately needed reforms that benefit working people have been sidetracked.”

Moreover, the statement refuted a comment often heard in response to recent riots. According to the press and much of social media, what happened at the Capital was “sedition,” because this is America, and its “not who we are.” In reality, notes the Peace Council, what is happening today

“is a microcosm of what the capitalist financial institutions and elites have wreaked upon the planet through trade agreements and an imperialist foreign policy that has suppressed populations through illegal acts of interference, aggression, and economic warfare designed to create the conditions for exploitation, the theft of land and resources and environmental destruction.”

Because the root causes of our problems extend beyond our borders, the Council calls for solutions very much in the manner of King’s focus on the global nature of oppression. Accordingly, the statement concludes that:

“A unified grassroots mass movement is needed to address the fundamental class contradictions of the system as a whole and not limit itself to fighting against the symptoms solely by seeking cosmetic changes through elections and reforms from above. We need to bring all contingents of the people’s movement — labor, social justice, civil rights, human rights, environmental, peace — together under a single coordinated network, with a clear agenda that addresses the root causes of the present crisis and not only its variegated symptoms.”

In this way, more people will come to understand that the catastrophes we face will not be solved as long as what we allow to be done in our name abroad comes home to our nation’s capital. King knew that local police, in conjunction with para-military hate groups, used violence in much the same way as the far-right factions that more recently invaded D.C.

In both cases, the Klan and other groups were/are motivated by a desire to oppose the struggle for civil rights at home. Nevertheless, “our actions cannot be limited to the US,” concludes the US Peace Council, “because if the global elites are willing to oppress and exploit people anywhere, the crises we face will continue.”

The United States, concluded King, is “on the side of the wealthy, and the secure, while we create a hell for the poor.” In order to solve domestic problems while promoting global peace, he suggested “giv[ing] up the privileges and the pleasures that come from the immense profits of overseas investments,” and, he might have added, ending aid to countries like Israel that use the funds to wreak violence on Palestinians under the Occupation.

With “Beyond Vietnam,” concludes Baroud, King “courageously broke free from the confines of American exceptionalism,” thereby joining the civil rights struggle to “a worldwide movement of struggles against racism, colonialism and war.”

In 2021, it is more important now than ever to heed King’s words. Indeed, as Baroud suggests, “new strategies” will have “to replace the old ones” for the Palestinian struggle to succeed. His vision calls for unity among all factions, bringing together Palestinians in the homeland and elsewhere to formulate a blueprint for One Democratic State that would grant the Right of Return.

Harking back to King’s international idea, Baroud calls for “a global solidarity movement that rallies behind a unified Palestinian vision,” a plan that bypasses official circles that have done little to promote peace. While Baroud’s strategy focuses on freedom for the Palestinian people, if such a movement becomes one of transnational mutuality, it would be possible to bring about the liberation of all oppressed people worldwide, thereby remaining true to the “other, more revolutionary, radical and global King” that Baroud explains is more often “hidden from view.”

– Benay Blend earned her doctorate in American Studies from the University of New Mexico. Her scholarly works include Douglas Vakoch and Sam Mickey, Eds. (2017), “’Neither Homeland Nor Exile are Words’: ‘Situated Knowledge’ in the Works of Palestinian and Native American Writers”. She contributed this article to The Palestine Chronicle.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine 17 – 23 December 2020

Source

  • 6 Palestinian civilians wounded, including 1 child, in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem
  • 6 shootings reported at Palestinians and agricultural lands, and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 68 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 45 civilians arrested, including 6 children and 2 women
  • Demolition of 4 houses, including 1 self-demolished, and 4 barracks, and confiscation of tools and equipment in Jerusalem and Hebron
  • Escalated settler-attacks in the West Bank: 330 trees uprooted, Palestinian ran over and others assaulted, vehicles assaulted as well
  • IOF established 79 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 2 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians that are mostly conducted after midnight and in the early morning hours. This week witnessed an escalation in settler attacks, mainly uprooting and cutting trees and seedlings, assaults on civilian houses and vehciles, and assaults on civilians as one was ran over by a car. Settlers’ attacks maxed on Monday, as the settlers carried out 12 assaults all under IOF protection across the West Bank. Additionally, IOF demolitions of Palestinian homes and properties continued as part of Israel’s de facto annexation and under various pretexts in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

This week, PCHR documented 193 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

Six civilians, including a child, were wounded during IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank: a child was wounded near the Annexation Wall in Jenin; 4 civilians were wounded in an IOF incursion into Nablus; and a sixth person was wounded in IOF shooting at his vehicle in Hebron before arresting him. Additionally, dozens of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation, which was used by IOF to suppress protests and during incursions into Palestinian cities.

In the Gaza Strip, 6  IOF shootings were reported at civilians, journalists, farmers, shepherds and agricultural lands, and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 68 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 45 Palestinians were arrested, including 6 children and 2 women.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 6 incidents, including:

  • Occupied East Jerusalem: barn self-demolished, and 2 houses were demolished (one by its owners) in Silwan; two commercial barracks and a wall in Jabel Mukaber and Wadi Jier area were demolished.
  • Hebron: 2 houses, barracks and water well were demolished in Khirbet al-Simia, west of as-Samu; manual digging equipment and power generator were also confiscated in Khirbet Zanuta, eastern ad-Dhahiriya.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 19 settler-violence incidents:

  • 250 trees uprooted in Kisan village, eastern Bethlehem;
  • Assault on several houses and shepherds and a Palestinian ran over in Hebron;
  • Water irrigation system, and orange trees cut in Khan al-Laban in Nablus;
  • 30 olive tree seedlings cut in Al-Mughayyir, northeastern Ramallah.
  • 50 olive tree seedlings south east of Nablus.

On Monday, 21 December 2020, witnessed an increase in settler assaults, as PCHR fieldworkers documented 12 assaults, including settler protests, assaults on vehciles and civilians and chanteing discriminative slogans across the West Bank.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  • Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity
  • At approximately 02:30 on Thursday, 17 December 2020, IOF moved into Ramallah in the center of the West Bank and stationed in ‘Ein Musbah neighborhood. IOF raided and searched Mo’tasem Ayman Zaloum’s (21) house and arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination. When IOF withdrew from the city, a group of Palestinian young men gathered, set fire to tires and threw stones at IOF, who responded with rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 03:00, a large number of IOF accompanied with dozens of Israeli soldiers and Special Forces moved into Dheisheh refugee camp. IOF raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Suliman Diyrieh (18) and Hussain Eyas Diyrieh (18). Meanwhile, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF, who attacked the protestors, chased them on the camp’s streets and fired heavy teargas canisters in the area. As a result, many protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 09:30, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis, fired live bullets at a group of journalists, farmers and a staff of the Ministry of agriculture, who were present 200 meters away from the border fence, east of al-Fukhari village, to follow up on the IOF incursion into the area and the warnings they had put on for farmers yesterday. Due to the heavy shooting, the journalists, farmers and staff of the Ministry of agriculture were forced to leave; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into ‘Anin village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank, and stationed near the village’s High School. IOF fired teargas canisters on the school’s yards. As a result, many teachers and students suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Friday, 18 December 2020, and for the ninth consecutive week, a peaceful protest took off in Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus, with the participation of the National Action Factions in Nablus, which started from the village Council heading to the lands under threat of confiscation east of the village. The protesters raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers, annexation wall and the Deal of Century.  When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. IOF suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • Around the same time, a peaceful protest took off in the center of al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah, at the call of the villagers, towards lands under the threat of confiscation and in protest to the establishment of new settlement outposts in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to the village. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers and annexation wall. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. The protestors chanted slogans again against the Israeli occupation and settlers. IOF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, 9 4 civilians sustained rubber bullets wounds in their lower extremities and received treatment on the spot. Also, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 14:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyia area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at a military checkpoint established at the northern entrance to Hebron, so-called Checkpoint (56). IOF chased the stone-throwers in the village’s market and fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, many stone-throwers suffocated due to teargas inhalation. The clashes continued until 17:00; no arrests among the protestors were reported.
  • At approximately 12:00 on Saturday, 19 December 2020, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, northeast of Deir al-Balah city in the center of Gaza Strip, fired live bullets and teargas canisters at Palestinian shepherds; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF stationed near the annexation wall, west of Araqah village, west of Jenin, north o the West Bank, opened fire at Eyad Ghasan Mohammed Shalameesh (15), from Burqin village, wounding him in his right leg. IOF claimed that he approached the annexation wall halls. Shalameesh was taken to Khalil Suliman Hospital for treatment.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Monday, 21 December 2020, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank, and stationed on al-Basha Street in Ras al-‘Ein neighborhood, south of the city. IOF raided a 6-storey building belonging to Abu Daher family. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF vehicles. Violent clashes erupted between IOF and Palestinian young men, resulted in the injury of 4 civilians with Two-Two bullets in their feet. The wounded civilians were taken to Rafidia Hospital for treatment. Before IOF withdrawal, they arrested ‘Anan Saleem Yousef Abu Duhair (43) and took him to his company located on the 2nd floor of the building. IOF searched the company and confiscated a PC set, DVR and some documents.
  • At approximately 06:30, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire around them until 07:30, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 12:25,  IOF stationed in (16) military site, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds approached the border fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 14:15,  IOF stationed in (16) military site, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened heavy fire at Palestinian shepherds approached the border fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Bureij refugee camp, opened fire at agricultural lands; no casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 02:00 on Tuesday, 22 December 2020, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Abu Safia area, east of Jabalia refugee camp in northern Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at the border area; no causalities or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire around them until 07:30, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 23 December 2020, IOF opened fire at a vehicle belonging to Ahmed Faisal ‘Arafat al-Rajbi(21), from Bani Na’im village, while present in al-Jalajel area, east of Hebron, wounding him with a live bullet in his back. IOF chased al-Rajbi’s vehicle and detained him for half an hour without providing aid to him.  Al-Rajbi was arrested and then taken via an Israeli ambulance. It should be noted that IOF prevented a staff of the Palestine Red Crescent Society from reaching and helping him. 
  1. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 17 December 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Jamal Rabah al-Haj (29). IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Ras al-Amoud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Asma’ Mohammed Owais’s (24) house and arrested her. Owais was taken to one of the police stations in the city, she was interrogated for several hours before releasing her. It should be noted that Owais’s brother, Baker Mohammed Owais (22) was arrested 3-weeks ago.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF arrested Ra’eda Sa’eed al-Khalili (37), while performing prayers at Bab al-Rahma, in the Aqsa Mosque. IOF took her to one of the investigation centers in the city, and released her, after several hours of investigation, on conditions that banning her entry to the Aqsa Mosque for a week. It should be noted that al-Khalili was arrested 8 times from the same place.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stormed a store in al-Wad street, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and arrested the store owner’s son, Naji Akram Zughayyar (26).
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Birzeit, north of Ramallah; and Aqabat Jabr refugee camp, southwest of Jericho governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 18 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into al-Eizariya, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hashem Mohammed Rajabi’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF stationed at Mazmouriya checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Alaa Mansour Khleif (29), while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 13:50, IOF stationed at ‘Inab military checkpoint, east of Tulkarm, arrested Zeid As’ad Fuqaha (17), from Anabta, east of Tulkarm. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested Tareq al-Joulani (18), while present near Bab al-‘Amoud area in the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to one of the investigation centers in the city.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into Zububa, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Osama Hesham Atatra (37).
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF moved into Zababdeh village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Zeidan ‘Ar’arawi (22).
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Jenin and Jaba villages, south of Jenin. No arrested were reported.

Saturday, 19 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ameer Sami Abu al-Hawa (19) and Abdul Rahman Eyad al-Hidra (24) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 10:30, IOF arrested Zeid As’ad Foqaha (19), from Anabta, east of Tulkarm, while referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services, that recently summonsed him. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF arrested Nabil Saleh Abdullah (38), from Kisa village, south of Bethlehem. IOF prosecuted his vehicle near the entrance of al-Maniya village, southeast of the city.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into the eastern neighborhood in Jenin, north of the West Bank. They arrested Yamen ‘Atiq (17) and Ibrahim Taher al-Sa’di (17), while present on the entrance of Ganim evacuated settlement, near the abovementioned site.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Beit Kahil and al-Shuyukh in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 20 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Anabta, east of Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohannad Ahmed Hammad (19).
  • At approximately 01:45, IOF moved into Huwara, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Oday Jamal Owda (19).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Azzun, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sa’eed Ziyad Abu Haniya (24) and confiscated his vehicle.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Mousa Obaid (17), while present near the eastern entrance of al-Isawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to one of the investigation centers in the city.
  • At approximately 18:00, Israeli Intelligence Services arrested Waheeb Khaled Abu al-Hums (18), from al-Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. while referring to al-Bareed police station in Salah al-Dein street, that recently summonsed him via a phone call. IOF extended his arrest until the next day.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Burin, southeast of Nablus; Hebron, Halhul, Sa’ir and Surif villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 21 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Omar Marwan Obaid (20) and Ameen Omar Hamed (24) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ahmed Younis al-Ghoul’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mahmoud Kamel al-‘Ayya (36).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and Yazan Abdul Razek Hannoun (19) and Saber Mohammed Shaqfa (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Eizariya, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mo’ayad Ahmed al-Khateeb (26) and Ali Eisa Mamdouh (21), and confiscated a vehicle belonging to Atta Maher Hamdan.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Abdullah Zaghloul al-Na’san’s (25) house and arrested him. Additionally, IOF confiscated a white vehicle holding an unregistered plate belonging to Mansour al-Haj Bishara, a prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved 200-meters to the east of al-Shawka village, east of Rafah. They levelled and combed 48-acres of planted with vegetables, and irrigation networks, and deployed again at approximately 09:00.

Following are the details of the damages:

  1. A 5-dunum land planted with peas, and an irrigation network at a 30-dunum land belonging to Nahed Hamdi Madi.
  2. A 5-dunum land planted with peas, and an irrigation network at a 30-dunum land belonging to Mohammed Hamdi Madi.
  3. A 5-dunum land planted with potatoes, and an irrigation network at a 30-dunum land belonging to Sameer Hamdi Madi.
  4. A 7-dunum land planted with potatoes, and an irrigation network at a 40-dunum land belonging to Ishaq Mansour Abu Mo’ammar.
  5. A 10-dunum land planted with potatoes, belonging to Abdullah Mahmoud Matbouli.
  6. An 8-dunum land planted with peas, belonging to Jamal Mohammed Madi.
  7. An 8-dunum land planted with peas, belonging to Hamad Marzouq Madi.
  • At approximately 12:20, IOF arrested Ahmed Abd Atiya (19) and Hussain Mahmoud Atiya (18), while present near the entrance of Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took them to one of the police centers in the city.
  • At approximately 15:40, IOF stationed at Ariel rotary, south of Kifl Haris, arrested Ahmed Isma’el Abu Naser, from Dir Istiya, north of Salfit, after chasing him between the olive trees. IOF released him after the intervention of the Palestinian Military Liaison. It should be noted that Ahmed is a person with disability.
  • At approximately 22:30, IOF arrested (3) civilians while present at the Madaris neighborhood, at al-Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took them to al-Bareed police center in Salah al-Dein street in Jerusalem. The arrestees are: Mohammed Haitham Mustafa (18), Mohammed Mousa Mostafa (18), and Younis Wissam Abu al-Hums (18).
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Tulkarm and Tulkarm refugee camp. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 22 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Abwein, northwest of Ramallah, and stationed in the center of the village. They raided and searched Majdi al-Khayyat’s house, after bombing the main door, and detained all the house members in the balcony, and damaged the house contents. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Dhahiriya, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Bassam al-Battat’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Aqabat Jabr refugee camp in Jericho; Hebron, Beit Ummar, Adisa, east of Sa’ir, Hadab al-Fawwar village in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 23 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched Mahmoud Omar Sadiq Kmeil’s (17) house, who was killed in 21 December 2020, on grounds of accusing him of carrying out a shooting attack near Bab Hutta in Jerusalem. IOF interrogated Mahmoud’s family for over than an hour. Meanwhile, IOF raided Mohammed Tawfiq Mohammed Kmeil’s (17) house, in the same area, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Salfit, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nizar Mohammed Darabiya (26), from Gaza living in Salfit.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Arouj village, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Munir Mohammed Ta’amra’s (37) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Teqoa, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Qusai Ali Abu Mfarreh’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Malek Abdul Rahim Sidr (16), while present near Bab al-Rahma, one of the Aqsa Mosqu’s gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Mirka, southeast of Jenin, al-Lubban Qablan and SEBASTIA in Nablus; Halhul; and Imreish in Hebron. No arrest were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • On Sunday morning, 20 December 2020, ‘Ali Rweidi self-demolished a barrack he uses for grazing animals in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, pursuant to the Israeli Municipality decision for unlicensed construction and banning animal-grazing near houses.

‘Ali Rweidi said that he built the barrack 5 years ago on an area of 145 sqm for grazing sheep and chicken.  He added that the Israeli Municipality has haunted him since 2016 under the pretext of grazing animals near residential houses in occupied Jerusalem.  Only few weeks ago, the municipality crews handed him a notice to demolish his barrack himself or it would and then fine him ILS38,000.  Rweidi said that he had to self-demolish the barrack although it is adequately far from the neighbors’ houses and none of them complained.  He added that he incurred huge losses as he had to sell the animals less than the original price before demolishing the barrack.

  • At approximately 08:30, IOF backed by military and Israeli Civil Administration vehicles, including an excavator and a bulldozer, moved into Kherbet al-Simiya, west of as-Samu village, south of Hebron.  The soldiers deployed in the area and the vehicles started the demolition of 2 houses, a barrack and water well.
No.OwnerFacilityNotes
 Shehdah Rezq al-Qawa’in and his family of 5, including 3 childrenA house (100 sqm), barrack (600 sqm) and water well (300 m³) House inhabited
 Ahmed Soliman al-Qawa’in and his family of 16, including 13 children and 2 women,A house (120sqm)House inhabited

The demolition was for alleged illegal construction in Area C as an Israeli Civil Administration officer handed the 2 owners notices to stop work 3 years ago.  The 2 civilians hired a lawyer to obtain licenses but had not received any response from the competent committee even until the demolition was carried out.  It should be noted that the 2 civilians live in Israel and come from time to time to stay in their houses for completing the construction works in the barrack in order to move the sheep there and then permanently stay.  Moreover, the Israeli authorities vacated the houses before the demolition.

  • On Monday afternoon, 22 December 2020, Shahirah Ghaith self-demolished her house in Wadi Qaddoum neighborhood in Silwan, southern Old East Jerusalem, pursuant to Israeli Municipality decision for unlicensed construction.

Ghaith stated that she separated from her husband 10 years ago and have 5 children, 3 girls and 2 boys, whom she raises on her own.  She said that only few months ago, she built the house (70 sqm) of tin plates and 2 rooms with a kitchen and bathroom with her brothers’ help due to her poor economic conditions.  She moved in with her family last September; however, the Municipality did not leave her alone and issued a decision to demolish the house.  She added that she hired a lawyer to postpone the decision but was surprised with the police officers in the morning surrounding her house.  When she asked them why, one of them told her that the Municipality refused to freeze the demolition, so the bulldozers will demolish the house next day and she will be pay the demolition costs (ILS 70,000).  She then asked the officers to help them with the demolition to avoid paying the fine. =

  • At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 22 December 2020, IOF accompanied by a Civil Administration SUV and a truck moved into Kherbet Zanouta, east of ad-Dhahiriya village, south of Hebron.  The soldiers deployed at the Kherbet Zanouta’s entrance while the Israeli Civil Administration crew started confiscating hand digging tools, a generator  and vehicles belonging to Soliman al-Battat, who was digging a water well in Sho’eib al-Khdeirat’s land.  The Civil Administration officer took photos of the area dug and hanged a notice to stop work near it.  They then arrested Soliman al-Battat and withdrew, but later released him.  It should be noted that the Israeli authorities had noticed a week ago 10 facilities, including residential rooms in al-Kherbeh, allegedly for unlicensed construction.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF demolished a commercial barrack in Wadi al-Jeer area between Abu Dis and Al-Eizariya villages, east of occupied East Jerusalem, allegedly for unlicensed construction.  Mahmoud al-Basha, who owns the barrack, said that the Israeli Municipality demolished a barrack he used for auto-repair and was built of bricks, steel and tin plates on an area of 150 sqm allegedly for unlicensed construction.
  • In the evening, the Israeli Municipality vehicles demolished Kazem Abu Shafe’a’s house in al-Bustan neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of unlicensed construction.

Abu Shafe’a, 28, stated that the IOF accompanied by the Israeli Municipality crews moved into the Al-Bustan neighborhood in Silwan, and unexpectedly surrounded his house starting to demolish it with light vehicles. Abu Shafe’a added that he built the house on an area of ​​50 sqm last August to live with his wife and two children near his family in the neighborhood. Abu Shafe’a added that he had to build a small unlicensed house consisting of two rooms and utilities, to avoid rented houses, which cost huge amounts of money in Jerusalem. Abu Shafe’a pointed out that the Israeli Municipality crews had raided his house last October and handed him a decision to stop construction works, and after a week they handed him an administrative demolition order for the house.  On the same day evening, they raided his house and started the demolition, ordering him to destroy the iron staircase leading to his house; otherwise. the crews will return and demolish it.

Settler attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property

  • On Thursday morning, 17 December 2020, Israeli settlers uprooted 250 trees in a Ayoub Youssif ‘Abiyat’s land, in Kisan village, east of Bethlehem.  Ahmed Ghazal, Deputy Head of the village council, stated that settlers from “Abbi Nahal” settlement established on Kisan village lands raided the land under the IOF protection, uprooted 250 trees and stayed there for few hours.  Ghazal added that the recent escalation of settlers’ attacks aims at seizing lands from Kisan village to annex them to their settlement.  He said that the settlers intensified their assaults in the  last 2 days as last night they raided the village and threw stones at some houses and attacked farmers and shepherds an hour before using their wild dogs which tore and killed many sheep.  As a result, the villagers confronted the settlers and forced them to leave the area.
  • At approximately 01:30 on Friday, 18 December 2020, settlers from “Mitzpe Yair settlement outpost established on the Palestinian lands of eastern Yatta, south of Hebron, attacked the 2 houses belonging to Mohammed ‘Ali Jabrin (63) and Isma’il Mohammed Jabrin (53) in Kherbet Sha’b al-Batem in al-Masafer area, east of Yata, south of Hebron.  They also assaulted the 2 civilians and insulted them.

‘Ali Mohammed Jabrin made the following statement to PCHR fieldworker:

“I woke up to knocks on my house door.  As soon as I had put my clothes on, 2 settlers opened the room door and entered; one of them in his 30s and namely Youssef whom I know.  He started shouting at me by asking where his stolen sheep was.  I was astonished at his attitude and told him I do not know what he was talking about.  My kids woke up and stood at the room corner in fear while the settler kept shouting and was flashing with a torch at me and my kids.  He then kicked twice my right leg and asked one of my sons to go to his uncle Ismail who lives near us in order to call the Israeli police.  The settler said in Arabic “I will go to Ismail” and then rushed to my brother’s house.  I stood at the house door and it was very dark while I could hear screams coming from my brother Ismail’s house.  When the settler left, I learnt from my brother that the settler entered the house shouting and woke up his children after disarranging their bed blankets.  He also attempted to assault Ismail allegedly searching for stolen sheep.” 

  • At approximately 04:30 on Friday, 18 December 2020, five settlers from “Mitzpe Yair settlement outpost assaulted ‘Omer Jebril Ahmed Hoshiyah’s (37) house in the Center area, east of Yata, south of Hebron.  The settlers severely beat Hoshiyah in front of his family and held him outside for a hour, claiming they were searching for stolen sheep.  As a result, Hoshiyah sustained various injuries.

Samirah Mohammed Rashed Hoshiyah (64) said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

“I live in the Center area in Masafer Yata with my husband and 37-year-old son and his wife and 3 kids.  We live in rooms built of bricks and tin plates.  At approximately 04:30, I heard cars’ movement near the house and noticed cars and torches lights, but I did not care about what was going on outside as I thought they were Palestinian workers going to their work in Israel.  Shortly, I woke my son ‘Omer to tell him what is going on outside, so their wife and kids woke up as well.  Few minutes later, the house door was opened, and we were surprised  with 2 settlers in plain clothes screaming in Arabic “where is the master here?” my son  approached them, but the 2 settlers pushed him to the ground and started punching him all over his body.  I shouted at them, but the settler shut the door.  My daughter-in-law and her children started crying.  I opened the door again to ask the settlers what they want from him, but none of them answered and took him inside their vehicle; meanwhile, 2 other settlers arrived and opened the sheep barn and searched it. My daughter-in-law and I started taking the sheep back inside and no one spoke to us. This remained until 6:00 when the settlers released my son ‘Omer. His mouth was bleeding and one of his teeth was broken. Later, we learned that settlers were searching for sheep they claim were stolen from them.”

  • Early on the same day, settlers from the “Price Tag” group in “Ma’ale Levona” settlement outpost, which is established on the lands of Al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya village, southeast of Nablus, northern West Bank, attacked Khan al-Laban area, east of the village. The settlers sabotaged the water system there, broke the doors leading to it and broke the orange trees.  It should be mentioned that Khan al-Laban is an old building established in the Ottoman era and has been exposed to daily raids by settlers under the protection of the IOF, aiming to seize and connect it with the surrounding settlements in the village.
  • At approximately 19:00, a group of settlers from ” Adei Ad” settlement established on Al Mughayyir village lands, northeast of Ramallah, sneaked into the eastern agricultural area near the eastern entrance to the village.  The settlers cut 30 olive seedlings (planted 5 to 6 years ago) belonging to Rawhi Marouh al-Na’san (66).  The settlers withdrew back to their settlement.
  • On Sunday, 20 December 2020, settlers from the “Price Tag” groups in  “Ahyah” outpost, established on the eastern lands of Jaloud village, southeast of Nablus, uprooted 50 olive seedlings in Mohammed Fawzi Haj Mohammed’s land that were planted only days ago in the eastern village area.
  • At approximately 13:00, settlers from “Mitzpe Yair settlement outpost established on the Palestinian lands of eastern Yata, south of Hebron, assaulted ‘Issa Mahmoud Yousif Jabrin (43) while shepherding in al-Zweirah area and forced him to leave with his sheep.

‘Issa Jabarin said to PCHR fieldworker:

“I was shepherding in al-Zweirah area, east of Kherbet Sha’b al-Batm, where I live, when one of the settlers namely Youssef, who is in his 30s and lives in “Mitzpe Yair settlement outpost, arrived holding a stick and started hitting the sheep to distance them.  When I tried to stop him, he grabbed my neck and tried to chock me. I pushed him away, and he stepped back and did a phone call.  Few minutes later, 3 settlers from the same settlement were coming towards me that when I knew the settler Youssef had called them for help in order to attack me.  I took my 150 sheep and left the area.  Now, I cannot shepherding anymore in fear of the Israeli settlers’ attacks.”

  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 21 December 2020, settlers from “Asfar” settlement established on the eastern lands of Sa’ir village, north of Hebron, attacked shepherds who were in al-Qanoun area  and unleashed their dogs towards the shepherds, forcing them to leave the area to their houses.  Two settlers’ vehicles them chased the shepherds to their houses in al-Qanun area, and when young men present there attempted to stop the settlers, a setter’s vehicle ran over Subhi Mohammed ‘Abdel Fattah Shalaldah (33) and threw him on the street.  As a result, Shalaldah sustained bruises all over his body.  This area has been under the attacks of “Asfar” settlers, particularly shepherds.
  • At approximately 15:30 on Monday 21 December 2020, settlers crowded at the entrance to “Shavei Shomron” settlement that connects Nablus and Tulkarm, west of Nablus.  The settlers rioted the streets and threw stones at the Palestinian civilian cars traveling on the street.  As a result, Sadeq Sedqi Sadeq Khatatbah (24), from Beit Foriq village, northeast of Nablus, was hit with a stone in the head while traveling his car on the street and then taken to Rafidia Governmental Hospital in Nablus, where his wound required 10-15 stitches and had a puffed left eye.
  • At approximately 16:30, groups of settlers gathered at the intersection of Kafr Qaddoum village, north of Salift, to provoke the Palestinians traveling their cars near the intersection and later withdrew.
  • At approximately 17:00, tens of settlers from  “Givat Harsina and Kiryat Arba” settlements established on the Palestinian lands of eastern Hebron vlosed the Bypass Road (60) leading to Hebron.  The settlers threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles before the very eyes of the IOF and Israeli police, who tried to provide protection for them.  At approximately 18:00, a settler attacked with stones a truck travelled by Mohammed Ziad al-Tmeizi (35) from Ethna village, west of Hebron and his nephew, MAhmpud Ayatullah al-Tmeizi (13) near the intersection of Deit ‘Aynoun.  As a result, the rear window’s glass was broken and shattered to wound the child in his forehead.  Al-Tmeizei had to pull his car over and informed the Israeli police about what happened.  He then took his nephew to al-Ahli Hospital in Hebron for treatment while the road remained close in front of the Palestinian vehicles until late at night.
  • At approximately 19:00, tens of settlers gathered near Huwara checkpoint and at the intersection of  Yitzhar” settlement, southeast of Nablus, and rioted on the street.  They mobbed on the main street in Huwara village chanting in Hebrew “Death to Arabs” and  this village belongs to them and provoking Muslims by saying “Allahu Akbar.”
  • At approximately 19:10, settlers gathered at Za’tarah intersection, south of Nablus, and threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles traveling by.  At approximately 23:10, the settlers withdrew, and no damage to the vehicles was reported.
  • In the evening, groups of settlers gathered to riot the streets, intersections and roads to the Palestinian villages of al-Mughayyir, Taybeh, Beitin, Burqa, and ‘Ayoun al-Haramiyah (on the main Ramallah-Nablus Street) in Ramallah and al-Bireh, but no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:30 on Tuesday, 22 December 2020, settlers on Ramallah-Nablus Street near Al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya village, south of Nablus, attacked with sticks and stones a Skoda black car travelled by Eyad ‘Eid Sa’id from al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah.  They severely  beat him with the sticks, causing him bruises and wounds all over his body and damage to his car and its all four windows.  The settlers later withdrew to ” Eli” settlement established on the lands of Al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya village.

II. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to 108 permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 79 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 6 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Sunday, 20 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Monday, 21 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to to Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 17 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint under ‘Atara village’s bridge, north of the city.
  • On Saturday, 19 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Beitin village and under ‘Atara village’s bridge.

Bethlehem:

  • At approximately 23:00 on Monday, 21 December 2020, IOF closed al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, and prevented vehicles’ movement. The checkpoint was later opened.
  • On Monday, 21 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, at the entrance to Jab’a village and in al-Nashnash area, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 22 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, in ‘Aqabet Hassnah area and in al-Nashnash area, south of the city.
  • On Wednesday, 23 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Tuqu village and near al-Nashnash intersection, south of the city.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 17 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 18 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 19 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho, and at the entrance to Ein ad-Duyuk village, north of the city.
  • On Sunday, 20 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.


Nablus:

  • On Friday, 18 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints in al-Muraba’a area near Tell village and in (17) area on Nablus- Asira_ash-Shamaliya main road, north of Nablus.
  • On Saturday, 19 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Asira_ash-Shamaliya village.
  • On Sunday, 20 December 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints near the intersection of “Yitzhar” settlement, at Madama village intersection, at the entrance to Beita village, at Al-Lubban_al-Gharbi village intersection, and at the intersection of  “Bracha” settlement, southeast of Nablus.
  •  On Monday, 21 December 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at Madama village intersection, at the entrance to Beita village, near “Yitzhar” settlement, at Sarra village intersection, and at the intersection of “Shafi Shimron” settlement.
  • On Tuesday, 22 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at Beita village intersection, near Sebastia village intersection, and in al-Moraba’a area near Tell village.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 17 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Yatta city and at the northern entrance to Halhul city.
  • On Saturday, 19 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Awwa, Beit Ummar, Susya village, and Fawwar refugee camp.
  • On Sunday, 20 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Hebron, and at the entrances to Khasa and Idhna villages.
  • On Monday, 20 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Halhul city and at the western entrance to Hebron.
  • On Tuesday, 22 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhul city and at the northern entrance to Yatta city.
  • On Wednesday, 23 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints on Wadi Sa’ir road, on Zaif road, north of Yatta city, and at the entrance to Farsh al-Hawa village, west of Hebron.

Jenin:

  • On Thursday, 17 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Arraba village, southwest of Jenin.
  • On Friday, 18 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection of Jab’ village and at the intersection of Zububa village.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 17 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Azzun and Izbat al-Tabib villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Friday, 18 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints under Azzun village’s bridge and at the entrance to Izbat al-Tabib villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Saturday, 19 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Qalqilya, Azzun and Izbat al-Tabib villages, east of Qalqilya. The checkpoints were removed later. 
  • On Monday, 21 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kafr Laqif village, east of the city.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 17 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Istiya and Kifl Haris villages, north of Salfit.
  • On Friday, 18 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Kafr ad-Dik and Deir Ballut villages, at the northern entrance to Salfit, and at the entrance to Kifl Haris villages, north of Salfit.
  • On Saturday, 19 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 20 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Ballut, Haris and Kifl Haris villages, west of Salfit.
  • On Monday, 21 December 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Haris and Kafr ad-Dik, Deir Ballut and Kifl Haris villages and at the northern entrance to Salfit.

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Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine (10 – 16 December 2020)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (10 – 16 December 2020)

10 – 16 December 2020

·         Palestinian with disability succumbs to wounds sustained in IOF shooting at Qalandia Checkpoint

·         16 Palestinian civilians wounded, including 1 woman, in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem

·         Uninhabited house shelled, and 5 shootings reported at agricultural lands, and once at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip

·         In 107 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 94 civilians arrested, including 13 children and a woman

·         Limited incursion into eastern Khan Younis and pamphlets were left demanding farmers harvest their lands

·         2 houses and a shop self-demolished in Jerusalem, and 30 cease-construction and demolition notices served in the West Bank

·         Settler-attacks: settlers assault a child in Jerusalem, others built a hut and assaulted Palestinian civilians and a journalist in Hebron

·         IOF established 46 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 6 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

 

 

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians that are mostly conducted after midnight and in the early morning hours. This week, IOF demolitions of Palestinian homes and properties continued as part of Israel’s de facto annexation and under various pretexts in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, IOF also served wide-scale demolition and cease-construction notices and confiscated several vehicles. Also, Israeli settlers continued their assaults on Palestinian civilians and their attempts to seize Palestinian lands located near settlements.

This week, PCHR documented 187 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

On 11 December 2020, Abdul-Naser Waleed Halaweh (56), a Palestinian man with disability, succumbed to wounds he sustained on 17 August 2020 after Israeli soldiers shot him as he was travelling via Kalandia checkpoint, northeastern occupied East Jerusalem. Also, 16 civilians, including a woman, were wounded during IOF incursion into Nablus; 10 civilians wounded in two separate incidents in Ramallah, a woman was wounded while inside her home in Tulkarm, which is located near the annexation wall; a Palestinian man was wounded in IOF suppression of Kafr Qaddum weekly protest; 3 sustained wounds in an IOF incursion into Tulkarm, and another was wounded in a similar incursion into Nablus.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF shelled (arterially) an uninhabited house in southeastern Gaza, causing damage. Additionally, 5 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands, and once at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 107 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them.7During this week’s incursions, 94 Palestinians were arrested, including 13 children and a woman.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted an incursion into eastern Khan Younis, and put signs demanding farmers harvest their crops within 200 meters from the border fence

Demolitions:

 PCHR documented 12 incidents, including:

  • Ramallah: garbage truck confiscated in Al-Mazra’a Algharbeyeh.
  • Occupied East Jerusalem: shop and two houses self-demolished; 2 residential barracks removed and confiscated; demolition and raising at Yusufia cemetery near Bab al-Asbat Minaret.
  • Nablus: coffee streetcar confiscated, and a caravan used as a car wash in Huwara; 5 cease-construction notices served to 4 houses and 1 barracks in Qaryut village.
  • Jericho: 2 tractors confiscated, and work stopped at an agricultural land.
  • Tubas: an SUV and a tractor confiscated in the northern Jordan valleys.
  • Jenin: 11 demolition notices served against street food carts
  • Hebron: 14 cease-construction notices served to houses and barracks; 500 meters of stone walls demolished; and 19 dunums razed.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 4 settler-violence incidents: assault on a child in occupied East Jerusalem; a hut built on Palestinian land near “Kiryat Arba” settlement and Palestinian civilians were assaulted in the area; a journalist assaulted in Hebron.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

     I.            Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity

·         At approximately 07:30 on Thursday, 10 December 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire around them, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.

·         On Friday, 01 December 2020, ‘Abed al-Naser Waleed Halawa (56) succumbed to wounds he sustained on Monday, 17 August 2020, after Israeli soldier opened fire at him while passing through Qalandia military checkpoint, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. Halawa, a person with a disability (deaf and mute) living in Nablus, was shot and killed by IOF when he passed Kalandia military through vehicles lane. IOF claimed that he attempted to stab an Israeli soldier and did not obey their orders. Halawa was taken to Shaare Zedek Hospital in West Jerusalem for treatment. Faten Halawa, Abed al-Naser’s sister, said that her brother, a deaf-mute man who has 3 sons, got out of his house on Monday heading to his sister’s house in occupied East Jerusalem. Abed al-Naser told his family that he wants to visit his sister and perform prayers at al-Aqsa Mosque. Faten pointed out that IOF conducted some changes at Kalandia checkpoint, so her brother accidentally crossed from the area designated for the soldiers crossing. She clarified that Israeli soldiers shouted at her brother, but he did not hear them. Meanwhile, IOF opened fire at him, wounding him with several live bullets in his feet. He was then taken to an Israeli hospital, where he stayed for 3 months. During which, he underwent 4 surgeries, and was waiting other surgeries before returning him to Nablus 2 weeks ago. Halawa added that her brother was in a serious health condition when he arrived at Nablus, as he lost his memory and did not know any of his family members. Halawa said that: “It seems that the drugs had a great effect on him, as he was losing his appetite for food. Few days later, his health condition was deteriorated until he died at dawn.”

·         At approximately 07:00, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Kafr Malik village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, during which, they deliberately fired a barrage of teargas canisters between Palestinians’ houses. As a result, many villagers suffocated due to teargas inhalation. IOF incursion into the village continued until 10:00. They then withdrew from the eastern entrance to the village, closed it with sand berms and stationed there. Meanwhile, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered near the village’s eastern entrance and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF, who clashed with them and fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. As a result, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation. The clashes continued, during which, a military SUV crashed a civilian car carrying 3 Palestinians. IOF immediately opened fire at the car, wounded two of its passengers and arrested another one. The passengers were identified as:

1.      The driver, Ahmed ‘Abdullah Ba’irat (26), who was shot with a rubber bullet in his hand;

2.      Shaker Anwar Shaker (26), whose left hand was fractured when he attempted to flee from the car; and

3.      Mohammed Mostafa Hamayil (28), who was arrested by IOF and taken to an unknown destination.

The wounded civilians were taken to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah for treatment.

  • At approximately 08:00, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israeli, east of Khan Yunis, opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern Al-Fukhari village; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00, a peaceful protest took off in the center of al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah, at the call of the villagers, towards lands under the threat of confiscation and in protest to the establishment of new settlement outposts in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to the village. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers and annexation wall. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. The protestors chanted slogans again against the Israeli occupation and settlers. IOF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, 9 4 civilians sustained rubber bullets wounds in their lower extremities and received treatment on the spot. Also, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 13:30, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in al-Taweel Mount area, east of al-Bireh city, and threw stones at a military checkpoint established near “Psagot” settlement, which is established on the village’s eastern lands. IOF chased the stone-throwers and fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, many protestors suffocated dye to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot. No casualties or arrests among the protestors were reported.
  • At approximately 16:20, IOF conducted a military training near the annexation wall established on Far’un village lands, south of Tulkarm. As a result, Subiha Nemer Omar (42) was shot with a live bullet in her shoulder while present in her house located near the mentioned training site and taken to Dr. Thabet Governmental Hospital for treatment. 
  • At approximately 12:30 on Saturday, 12 December 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinians. IOF chased the protestors, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, a 22-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his foot.
  • At approximately 14:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyia area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at a military checkpoint established at the northern entrance to Hebron, so-called Checkpoint (56). IOF chased the stone-throwers and fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, many young men suffocated dye to teargas inhalation. The clashes continued until 17:00; no arrests among the protestors were reported.
  • At approximately 17:15, IOF moved into Showika suburb, north of Tulkarm. IOF chased Palestinian young men gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, 3 civilians were wounded; 2 with rubber bullets and one with a teargas canister. IOF also arrested ‘Obada Jamal al-Badou (22) and withdrew later.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis, fired several live bullets around a sanitation truck in eastern Khuzaʽa village; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:45, IOF stationed in (16) military site, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds approached the border fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Monday, 14 December 2020, IOF stationed in (16) military site, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds approached the border fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.

Mohammed al-Nasher’s house was shelled in eastern Gaza City

  • At approximately 22:00, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israeli, fired an artillery shell at uninhabited house belonging to Mohammed Yousef ‘Abed al-Kareem al-Neser (24), 1200 meters to the west of the border fence, east of Gaza Valley, south of Gaza City. As a result, the house sustained material damage; no casualties were reported. The targeted house was comprised of one floor built on an area of 100 square meters and 2 rooms, living room, kitchen and bathroom.  Mohammed Yousef ‘Abed al-Kareem al-Neser said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: “ while I was on my way back to my family house in Gaza Valley village (Juhor ad-Dik), south of Gaza City, after inviting my friends to attend my wedding next day, I heard loud explosion near our house, so I harried up. When I arrived there, I saw my uninhabited house was burning. My relatives and I tried to put out the fire until the arrival of the Palestinian Civil Defense teams who put out the fire. My house sustained material damage. It should be noted that the security situation was stable in the area, and I do not know why IOF targeted the house.”
  • At approximately 12:15, IOF stationed in (16) military site, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds approached the border fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Tuesday, 15 December 2020, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian young men gathered, set fire to tires and threw stones at Israeli infantry units. IOF immediately fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them to disperse them. As a result, a 20-year-old male, from Nablus, sustained live bullet shrapnel in his face and received treatment at Rafidia Hospital. Also, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Bireh city and deployed along the main street in front of al-Bireh municipality. IOF raided and searched Zakaria Jehad al-Nahhas’ (44) house and arrested him. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at IOF, who clashed with them and fired teargas canisters and sound bombs at them. As a result, dozens of civilians, including two journalists namely Moahmmed Turukman and Kareem Khamasia, suffocated due to teargas inhalation 

  II.            Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 10 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed near the UNRWA distribution center. They deployed between Palestinian houses causing fear and panic among civilians. They raided, searched and destroyed the contents of several houses after breaking the doors, and arrested (12) civilians. The arrestees were taken to the watch tower established at the western entrance of the camp, by foot, to be investigated by the Israeli Intelligence services’ officers who threatened them to storm their houses if they continued throwing stones at Bypass Road (60). At approximately 07:00 on the next day, the arrestees were released. The arrestees are: Ammar Mohammed Jawabra (27), Samed Mahmoud Jawabra (35), Ammar Mahmoud Jawabra (30), Nader Jaser al-Sharif (34), Moheeb Mahmoud al-Najmi (25), Salah Emad al-Kindawi (26), Ma’moun Rasheed Abu Jouda (28), Salah Mohammed al-‘As’as (27), Mohammed Fathi al-Yasouri (26). Fathi Jaber al-Badawi (63), Wael Fathi al-Badawi (41), and Mostafa Maher Abu Warda.

Meanwhile, IOF stormed and searched several places as; the headquarter of the Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees (UPWC), the office of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), and Abu Judeh Print shop that owned by Abdul Rahman Sufian Abu Judeh (36), where IOF confiscated equipment estimated at (4,000 NIS).

Fathi Abu al-Badawi said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF brutally stormed his house and his son’s house, Wael, and damaged the contents of the house after detaining his family in the living room.

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Jamal Mohammed Brighith (62) and Mo’tasem Sameer Brighith (26) and took them to “Gush Etzion” settlement’s detention center, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into Tubas, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and handed Mus’ab Jaser Siyaj (35), works as a soldier in the Palestinian National Security Forces, a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 03:15, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Kobar, north of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched five houses and arrested (5) civilians; Tamer Hisham al-Barghouthi (32), Montaser Mahmoud Yousef (28), Alaa Farhat Yousef (25), Ra’ed Abdullah al-Fahel (22), and Tha’er Tawfiq al-Barghouthi (26); who was released in the morning of the next day.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Mahmoud Afana and Ali Fayez Salah, and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Shuyukh al-Arrub village. They raided and searched Zakariya Mahmoud Owaidat’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Ein al-Sultan refugee camp, in western Jericho. They raided and searched Mohammed Khamis al-Jahalin’s (50) house and arrested his two sons Ibrahim (24) and Ali (19).
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF arrested Ammar Mohammed Jawabra (26) and Moheeb Mohammed al-Najmi (25), from al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, after being summoned for investigation by the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF moved into al-Dahra neighborhood in al-Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mansour Ali Naser (22) and Mohammed Belal Abu al-Hums (23) and took them to al-Bareed police station in Salah al-Dein street, for investigation. IOF released them after two hours.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Shu’afat neighborhood, north of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Naser Subhi Abu Khudair’s (59) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Abu Khudair who is one of the Palestinian National Movement leaders, and belongs to the PFLP, was wounded while preparing an explosive device (bomb) in the beginning of 80’s. However, he was arrested more than 12 times and spent almost about 16 years in the Israeli prisons.
  • IOF carried out (13) incursions in Hajja, east of Qalqilya; Tayasir, east of Tubas; Zububa. Jalamah, and Jaba’, in Jenin governorate; Kafr Qallil and Sebastia in Nablus governorate; Sa’ir, Tabaqa, and Idhna, in Hebron governorate; Qarawat Bani Zeid, Deir Ghassana, and Mazari al-Nubani, in Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 11 December 2020:

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Qablan, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Belal Sharif al-Emla (25).
  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mus’ab Mahmoud Muhaisen’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Bireh, and stationed in al-Khan street. They raided and searched Fadi Abdul Dayim al-Faransi’s (29) house and arrested him. Meanwhile, another IOF was raiding al-Faransi’s store, next to their house, after breaking the door of the store, and damaged all its contents.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Ras Kabsa area in al-Eizariya, wast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Jehad Damdoum’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:25, IOF stationed at the entrance of al-Lubban al-Sharqiya village, southeast of Nablus, arrested Mohammed Raja Owais (16) and Mohammed Yousef Owais (16), from the village. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF stationed at the entrance of Huwara military camp, southeast of Nablus, arrested Isma’el Mohammed Isma’el (20), from Tell village, southwest of Nablus. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF arrested (3) civilians while present in al-Wad street in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF severely beaten and took them to one of the police centers in the city. The arrestees are; Mohammed Taha (21) and Rajeh Riyashi (23), and the third one is still not identified.
  • IOF carried out (9) incursions in Nablus, Asira al-Qibliya, Sarra, and tall villages in Nablus governorate; Ti’inik and Silat al-Harithiya villages, west of Jenin; Arraba, southwest of Jenin; Hebron and Bani Na’im in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 12 December 2020:

  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Taysir Yousef Muhaisen’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Qusai Ibrahim Hazayla (19), while present near Bab Hutta, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF severely beaten and took him to one of the police centers in the city.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mousa Haitham Mustafa (15) and Mohammed Baker Mustafa (22) and arrested them.

Sunday, 13 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Saf street, in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Firas Ibrahim al-Yamani (34) and Saleh Abed al-Harimi (45) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Karkafi street, in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Mohammed Abdul Ghani Salhab (18), Mustafa Emad Salhab (18), and Nour Khaled Qaraqi’ (20).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Eizariya, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Atta Maher Hamdan’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yazan Khaled Mohsen’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:15, IOF arrested Laith Basem Ja’ara (22), from Tulkarm, while referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services, that recently summonsed him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Hazem Zakaria Owaidat (20), from al-Shuyukh village, north of Hebron. Owaidat was arrested while he was on his way back home from his university in Birzeit.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, arrested Mohammed Essam Hammad (20), from ‘Arraba, southwest of Jenin. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

Monday, 14 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Zawata, west of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Alaa Ahmed Hmaidan (44).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched three houses and arrested (3) civilians; including two children. The arrestees are: Feras Zakaria al-Qiq (18), Fo’ad Amjad Hadoush (17), and Amjad Ayed al-Titi (17).
  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Kifl Haris, north of Salfit. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ahmed Zeid Saleh (23).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Alaa Abdul Naser Abu Shanab (24).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Lo’ay Abdullah Ghaith’s (45) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested the wounded child Omar Ahmed Mahmoud (16), while going out of the Aqsa Mosque in the ocuupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to one of the police centers in the city and extended his arrest until the next Thursday.

It should be noted that Mahmoud was shot with a rubber bullet below his eye while present in front of his house in al-Isawiya, during the clashed between IOF and the village’s young men on 06 December 2020.

  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Saleh Bader Abu ‘Asab (20) and Mohammed Baker Mustafa (21) and handed them summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Zububa, west of Jenin; Nablus and Jamma’in, southeast of Nablus; Idhna and Beit Kahil, in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 15 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, huge Israeli forces accompanied with dozens of Israeli soldiers and special forces moved into Obaid neighborhood, northwest of Isawiya village. They raided and searched dozens of houses. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered, they threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who chased the demonstrators and responded by firing teargas canisters. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation, and 8 civilians, including 2 children, were arrested. The arrestees are: Mohammed Yaser al-Jayyar (14), Rawhi Yaser al-Jayyar (16), Mohammed Issa Bader (23), Mohammed Haitham Mustafa (18), Mahmoud Mousa Mustafa (18), Adam Fadi Mustafa (19), Rasheed Mousa Darwish (18), and Mahmoud Sultan Derbas (24).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Jaber Abu Sil (20) and Rabah Belal Fdailat (23), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hizma, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Fathi Kan’an’s (58) house and arrested him along with his wife, Najla’ Mohammed Kan’an (51).

Fathi Kan’an said that he was released after an hour of his arrest at Benjamin police station in Jaba’ village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, and his wife was referred to Ariel investigation center. Kan’an said that he was surprised to see the IOF and the police dogs storming his house in Tublas, in Hizma village. They broke the front door, raided and searched the house and the garden around the house accurately, then took him and his wife to Benjamin police station. Kan’an explained his concerns about his wife, who was arrested for the first time, and suffers from several chronic illnesses since years and needs special health care and medicines. He added that this was not the first time that IOF storm and search his house, they moved into his house several times before arresting his son, Hamza (23), 12 days ago, and he is still under arrest in Ofer detention center in Ramallah. Fathi notified that his son was arrested several times for investigation and spent 17 months in the Israeli prisons. Fathi also mentioned his other son, Sufian, was also detained in Ofer prison for two years and half, without issuing any sentence against him. It is important to mention that Fathi’s eldest son, Mohammed (29), was shot killed by the Israeli soldiers near Hizma cemetery at the end of July 2017.

  • At approximately 03:20, IOF moved into Birzeit, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ibrahim Shamasna’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Montaser Riyad Abu Srour (24) and Hamza Abdul Aziz Abu Srour (26) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood, in al-Isawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Hamza Obaid’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF raided and searched two houses belonging to Tha’er Riyad Abu Lafi (31) and Nader Ahmed Halahla (28) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF arrested Sami Fteiha (34), while present near Bab al-Asbat, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to one of the detention centers in the city and released him after issuing a decision of banning his entry to the Aqsa Mosque for 6-months.
  • At approximately 18:15, IOF moved into Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Hassan Abdul Qader ‘Amer (22).
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Ayman Onaid (20), while present near his house in Obaid neighborhood, northwest of Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Iraq Burin, southeast of Nablus; Halhul, al-Shuyukh and Beit Kahil in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 16 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Sami al-Ja’bari’s (37) house in al-Sheikh neighborhood and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Qarawat Bani Hassan, west of Salfit. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Bara’ Sa’ed Assi (23), Mustafa Ya’qoub Assi (25), and Ahmed Moheeb Mir’y (21).
  • At approximately 01:45, IOF moved into Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Mahdi Ayman Abu Sirr (22), Hamad Mohammed Abu Jamous (21), a medical student at al-Najah University, and Emad Shukry al-Buth (21).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Zohdi Hesham Awad’s house and arrested his two sons; Mohammed (16) and Sharif (15).
  • At approximately 02:20, IOF moved into Dura al-Qar’, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mohammed Subhi Hamdan’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nidal Ya’qoub Nfei’at (31).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and a Bulldozer moved into Silwad, east of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched the house of the prisoner Mo’ath Saleh al-Najjar, and detained his family in one room, then confiscated a Gust vehicle belonging to Mo’ath’s father without providing any previous verbal or written notice.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and bulldozers moved 100-meters to the East of Abasan al-Kabira and Khuza’a, east of Khan Yunis. They combed and levelled lands adjacent the border fence to the south, east of al-Fukhari, as they extended the incursion to 200-meters, and combed a well-prepared agricultural land. They put banners written in Arabic and Hebrew stating: “Farmers, your crops have breached the area allowed for farming, if all crops are not harvested in the declared period they will be removed.” Later, the deployed again inside the abovementioned border fence.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Ein Beit al-Ma’ refugee camp, Zawata, Deir Sharaf, Sebatia, Tell, and Einabus villages in Nablus governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF accompanied by 3 Civil Administration SUVs and a trailer moved into Huwara town in southeastern Nablus, northern West Bank. They stationed in Ras-Zeid area, south of the town, and confiscated Abdul-Fatah Yusuf Damdey’s tin-plated coffee cart (8sqm). They also confiscated Jamal Khader Oda’s tin-plated caravan (24 sqm) intended for use as a carwash. IOF claimed the confiscations were due to illegal presence in Area C.
  • Also on Thursday, Mounir ‘Eweisat self-demolished his shop in al-Madaris street in Jabel Mukaber, southeastern occupied East Jerusalem, pursuant to the Israeli Municipality decision for unlicensed construction.

‘Eweisat stated that his family shop (35 sqm) is more than 40 years old, and that he and his brother turned it into a grocery store four years ago. Since then, the Israeli Municipality in Jerusalem has haunted him with demolition notices and dozens of raids into the shop, the last of which was three days before the demolition when they handed him a final demolition notice for him to carry out; otherwise, Municipality crews would conduct the demolition and bill him, and on top of that fine him dozens of Israeli shekels for building violations. ‘Eweisat added that the shop was the only source of income for his family of five and noted that it would be very difficult for him to find a job especially with the coronavirus crisis.

  • Early on Saturday, 12 December 2020, Mahmoud and Mohammed Khaled Mousa al-Khales self-demolished their houses in Silwan, southern Old East Jerusalem, pursuant to Israeli Municipality decision for unlicensed construction. Mohammed’s house sheltered a family of 5, including 3 children. And Mahmoud’s sheltered a family of 7, including 5 children.

Their father, Khaled al-Khales, stated that he had built both houses for his sons a year ago on an area of 180 sqm. He added that since the construction was finalized, the Israeli Municipality followed him with demolition orders. He hired a lawyer and engineers who filed for a license, but the Municipality refused to approve it. Almost two months ago, the Municipality attempted to demolish the houses but one of the construction vehicles broke down and could not finalize the demolition; they withdrew and billed the family ILS 70,000 for the demolition. The Municipality order the family to finish the demolition; al-Khales sons complied with the decision to avoid another fine that could exceed ILS300,000.

  • At approximately 10:30 on Sunday, 13 November 2020, IOF accompanied by a Civil Administration SUV moved into Qaryut, southeastern Nablus, northern West Bank. They stationed in Adababis area, opposite “Shiloh” and “Shafut Rachel” settlements. They posted 5 cease-construction notices on 4 houses and a barracks for alleged illegal construction in Area C. The notices granted a two-week period for objections, until 30 December 2020.
No.NameFacilityNotes
 Ammar Ibrahim Mousa2-story house (200sqm each)Ready for move-in
 Ibrahim Amin I. Mousa1-story house (120sqm)In final construction stages
 Aysar M. Y. Mousa1-story house (130 sqm)In final construction stages
 Suliman Z. Ar-Rashaydeh200 sqm residential barracksIn final construction stages
 Zaied Ar-Rashaydeh50sqm house (room and bathroom)In final construction stages
  • At approximately 12:40 on Sunday, IOF stationed on a military point in northern Ramallah, shot tear gas and stun grenades at farmers in Ein Harasheh area in the southern parts of al-Mazra’ al-Gharbieh town. The forces cornered a municipal garbage truck, forced its driver off and confiscated it. No casualties or arrests were reported. It should be noted that Ein Harashed is targeted for Israeli settlement expansion projects and witnesses escalated settler-attacks; also, Israeli authorities ban any construction by the indigenous people in prelude to its confiscation.
  • Early on Monday, 14 December 2020, IOF construction vehicles removed and confiscated two residential barracks in al-Za’atreh community in az-Za’ayyem village, eastern occupied East Jerusalem, for alleged unlicensed construction. The barracks are property of brothers Imran and Murad M. Azza’atreh.

Chairman of az-Za’ayyem village council stated that IOF construction vehicles removed Imran and Murad Za’atreh’s barracks (70sqm each) which housed 4 individuals. It should be noted that the az-Za’ayyem area residents live in proximity to the annexation wall, an Israeli military checkpoint and a metal gate that controls their movement, which has turned their lives into a true tragedy. Israeli authorities had replaced a checkpoint that separated az-Za’ayyem from At-Tur village with a huge metal gate, which opened for 4 hours a day. After an appeal to the Supreme Court of Israel, the gate is now open 8 hours a day solely for entry into az-Za’ayyem.

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF reinforced with a construction vehicle and the Civil Administration moved into Khirbet Zanuta, western ad-Dhahiriya city, 20 km south of Hebron City. The Civil Administration distributed 14 cease-construction notices to Palestinians in the area for alleged construction without license in Area C. The area has a population of 70 persons, who live in tin-plated rooms and rely on sheep farming for a living. They had built a tan-plated school in the area, that was demolished by IOF and then rebuilt by the community; the Israeli Civil Administration has targeted the school ever since with demolition notices.
NameFacilityDescriptionAreaYearFamilyChildrenFundingNotice typeNotice No.
Shihda KhdeiratHouseTin-plated16sqm20182PersonalCease-construction
Shihda KhdeiratSheep farming barracksTin-plated with plastic roofing120sqm20202PersonalCease-construction30871
Basem KhdeiratRoomStones and tin plates30sqm201842PersonalCease-construction30869
Hamad KhdeiratBarracks for sheep farmingPlastic cover and pipes100sqm201984PersonalCease-construction30870
Amer al-TulDwellingPlastic cover and pipes40sqm199475PersonalCease-construction30862
Ahmed al-TulBarracks for sheep farmingPlastic cover and pipes80sqm201831PersonalCease-construction30863
Suliman al-TulResidential roomConcrete floor and tin plates30sqm201563PersonalCease-construction30864
Suliman al-TulArborTin plates20sqm201063PersonalCease-construction30864
Suliman al-TulBarracks for sheep farmingPlastic roofing90sqm201863YMCACease-construction30873
Mohammed al-TulDwellingConcrete floor and tin plates35sqm201486YMCACease-construction30866
Bajis al-TulDwellingTin plates36sqm20142YMCACease-construction
Faris SamamraBarracks for sheep farmingPlastic roofing and pipes150sqm20181711YMCACease-construction30861
Susya village councilRoomTin plates40sqm2020OrganizationsCease-construction30872
ClinicRoomTin plates20sqm2020OrganizationsCease-construction30872
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF accompanied by a Civil Administration SUV moved into Um al-Qiba area in the northern Jordan valley, eastern Tubas, northern West Bank. They stationed in Ad-Dababis area and immediately confiscated Mahdy Daraghmeh’s SUV, Chairman of al-Maleh and al-Madareb Bedouin Community Council. They also confiscated a tractor; both vehicles were taken to an Israeli military camp and detained allegedly for working in Area C.
  • Early on Tuesday, 15 December 2020, Israeli bulldozers continued the demolitions at the Yusufia cemetery near Bab al-Asbat Minaret for the second consecutive day, after it had demolished its stairway two weeks ago.

Mustafa Abu Zahra, Head of the Committee for the Preservation of Islamic Cemeteries in Jerusalem, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that the Israeli municipality demolished a large portion of the cemetery’s northern wall and the land adjacent to decades old graves. The demolition is part of the Israeli authorities’ plan to establish the “Biblical garden path” project around occupied Jerusalem’s fence.

For his part, Ahmed Dajani, Executive Director of the Committee for the Preservation of Islamic Cemeteries in Jerusalem, said that Municipality crews demolished the cemetery’s stairway two weeks ago; which is used to access both the cemetery, al-Aqsa Mosque and the Old City via Bab al-Asbat. The Municipality demolished its northern wall and nearby graves. Dajani condemned the Israeli Municipality’s intent to establish a park in the area as it is not needed and that the Yusufia cemetery is overcrowded with graves and needs expansion rather than confiscating parts of it.

It should be noted that the idea of “Biblical garden path” project appeared in 1970, but in the recent years, it was escalated and developed. This project is concentrated in areas surrounding Al-Aqsa Mosque and Jerusalem’s historic fence and the area surrounding occupied East Jerusalem in addition to areas overlooking it, especially the southern, eastern, and northern areas.

  • At approximately 11:00, IOF accompanied by several military and Civil Administration vehicles, including construction vehicles, moved into Souba area in Idhna town western Hebron. The soldiers deployed in the area while the construction vehicles proceeded to demolish 500-meter stone walls and razed 19 dunums of agricultural lands: 9 dunums of 20-year-old almond trees; 7 dunums of 20-year-old olive trees; 3 dunums of 10-year-old cactus. The land is owned by Ali Amer Abriosh, and the demolition was allegedly for work in Area C.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Wednesday, 16 December 2020, an Israeli military force reinforced with military vehicles moved into az-Zubaidat village in the northern Jordan valleys, northern Jericho. Israeli Civil Administration employees stopped Fadi Abdallah Zbaidat, and Mansour H. Zbaidat from working in their lands under pretext of being State lands; the soldiers confiscated two Fiat 466 tractors and transported them to “Argaman” settlement.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Wednesday, IOF accompanied by a Civil Administration SUV moved into ‘Anin village, western Jenin, northern West Bank. The Civil Administration employee served 11 demolition notices to food and beverage carts near the annexation wall for alleged illegal work in Area C; they were given a one week period to execute the demolition. The carts are property of: Radi and Mahmoud Khdour; Aseed, Yazeed and Waleed Issa; Ismail Yassin; Assem Issa; Hakam and Ashraf Yassin; and Mohammed Issa.

Settler attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property

  • On Thursday evening, 10 November 2020, an Israeli settler assaulted Samir Alaa Rowaydy (6) while present in front of his house in al-Ain area, Silwan, southern occupied East Jerusalem.

Rowaydy’s father, Alaa, stated to PCHR that the settler assaulted his son while he was with his cousin, Mohammed (8), a few meters from the house. The settler pushed the boy and kicked him in the stomach and foot then chased him and his cousin into the house, insulting them. He added that his son was terrified and unable to speak or move, he called him an ambulance that transported him to receive treatment and he called the police. Rowaydy filed a complaint with the police and presented them with medical reports.

  • Early on Friday, 11 December 2020, a group of settlers built a hit on Aref Jaber’s land in Al Baqa’a eastern Hebron, near “Kiryat Arba” settlement. Jaber stated to PCHR fieldworker that “I received a call that settlers built a hut inside my 50 dunum land in al-Baqa’a area while Israeli soldiers were present in the area. I went there my relative Saher Jaber and we spoke with the soldier; the settlers attacked us and pushed us out, throwing stones at my vehicle breaking its rear window; meanwhile, the soldiers did nothing to stop them. We went to “Kiryat Arba” police station to file a complaint.”
  • At approximately 11:00 on Saturday, 12 December 2020, a settler assaulted journalist Mohannad Kofeisheh (28) before the Israeli soldiers near Gilbert military checkpoint, established on the entrance of Tel Rumeida neighborhood while shooting a report on the coronavirus pandemic.

Kofeisheh made the following statement to PCHR fieldworker:

“I work for Palestine Sports TV and freelance with different media agencies. At approximately 11:00 on Saturday, I was near Gilbert checkpoint where a group of settlers was present and one of them said in Hebrew, which I understand, “I am going to beat him.” I approached one of the soldiers in the area and told him what I heard, and while I was speaking to him a settler approached me and hit me on the head, so I photographed him with my camera. The soldier yelled at me and told me and the settler to step away after a group gathered around us. Approximately 15 minute later an Israeli police force arrive in the area and I told a policeman what happened and showed him the photo of the settler and filed a complaint with him. Later, I went home and received a call from the Israeli police who ordered me to go to Gilbert checkpoint. Upon my arrival, they asked me to accompany them to the Ibrahimi Mosque police station to identify the settler; I went and stayed there for 30 minutes where I was told that I am under arrest as the settler had filed a complaint against me. I was taken to “Beitar Illit” police station via a police car in western Jerusalem. I was there for an hour; I was then admitted to an investigation room where I was investigated on the incident. I showed the investigator the footage on my camera which documented the settler’s assault on me. I was left in the hall and the police brought in the settler who stayed with the investigator for an hour and a half. The investigator ordered my release after I signed an unpaid bail of ILS3,000.

  • At approximately 12:00 on Sunday, 13 December 2020, a group of settlers from “Kiryat Arba” settlement assaulted civilian homes in al-Uddeisa village, northern Hebron. In an attempt to control the land. The settlers cursed the residents and threatened to burn their homes. The attack was preceded by settlers building a hut on Jaber family lands the day before.

IV. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to 108 permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 64 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 6 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF shut the eastern entrance to Kafr Malik town, northern Ramallah for four hours.
  • On Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF shut Beit El DCO checkpoint from 18:00 – 22:00 hindering traffic.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF established two temporary checkpoints at the entrance of Teqoa own and Akbat Hasna area.
  • On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF established two temporary checkpoints at the entrance of Teqoa and Akbat Hasna area.
  • At approximately 15:30 on Saturday, 12 December 2020, IOF shut the Container checkpoint hindering traffic. It was reopened later.
  • On Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF established 3 temporary checkpoints on the entrance to Beit Jala, Teqoa and al-Khader.
  • On Monday, 14 December 2020, IOF established 4 temporary checkpoints on the western entrances to Teqoa and Husan towns, and at the entrance to Akbat Hasna area and Marah Rabah village.
  • On Tuesday, 15 December 2020, IOF established 4 military checkpoints on the northern and western entrances to Teqoa town, Fureidis village, and in Akbar Hasna area.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 12 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho and at the intersection of al-Mo’arajat road, connecting between Jericho and Ramallah.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of “Shafi Shomron” settlement, west of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of “Shafi Shomron” settlement, west of Nablus.
  •  On Monday, 14 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Burin, Tell and Madama villages, south of Nablus.
  • On Tuesday, 15 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint in the northern bridge of Madama village, southeast of Nablus. 


Jenin:

  • On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at al-Maniyia village square, northeast of Jenin.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Halhul village, at the southern entrance to Hebron and at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Fawwar refugee camp and at the northern entrance to Yatta city.
  • On Saturday, 12 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp, at the western entrance to Hebron and at the entrances to Susya and as-Samu villages.
  • On Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to as-Samu, Ash-Shuyukh and Tarqumiyah villages, and at the southern entrance to Hebron.

Qalqilya:

  • On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Jit village, north of Qalqilya, and removed it later.
  • On Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Jit and Azzun villages, east of Qalqilya.

Salfit:

·         On Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.

·         On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Salfit and prevented the city residents from entering or exciting it and allowed them to pass later.

·         On Saturday, 12 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Ballut and Deir_Istiya villages.

·         On Tuesday, 15 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Kafr ad-Dik village, west of Salfit; at the entrance to Kifl_Haris village, north of Salfit; and at the entrance to Salfit.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine (03 – 09 December 2020)

Source

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  • IOF shot and killed Palestinian, northeast of Ramallah
  • 19 Palestinian civilians wounded, including 6 childern, in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem
  • 3 shootings reported at agricultural lands, and 3 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 93 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 77 civilians arrested, including 7 children and a woman
  • IOF demolished and confiscated 10 barracks in Ramallah and Jericho and distributed 9 cease-construction notices in Hebron
  • 9,000 settlement units constructed on the land of Jerusalem International Airport in occupied East Jerusalem
  • Settler-attacks: an attempt to burn a church in occupied East Jerusalem and 90 trees cut and uprooted in Salfit
  • IOF established 61 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

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Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, in a new crime of excessive use of lethal force, IOF killed a Palestinian during the suppression of a peaceful protest in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah. PCHR notes the recurrence of similar crimes, as PCHR’s staff documented the killing of 22 Palestinian civilians, including 6 children and a woman, by IOF since the beginning of 2020 in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Also, PCHR’s fieldworkers monitored and documented IOF targeting of children during the suppression of protests and during incursions into the West Bank cities in recent weeks.

Furthermore, IOF demolitions of Palestinian homes and properties continued as part of Israel’s de facto annexation and under various pretexts in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

This week, PCHR documented 180 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

IOF killed a Palestinian child and wounded 19 other civilians, including 6 children, in excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem. On 04 December 2020, ‘Ali Ayman Naser Abu ‘Alia (14) was killed and 4 other civilians were wounded during the suppressing of a peaceful protest in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to  al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah. IOF killed the child without any justification and without the presence of any threat to the soldiers’ lives.

Also, 2 civilians were wounded during IOF incursion into Nablus; 7 civilians wounded, including 2 children- one sustained wounds in his eye, in occupied East Jerusalem; 2 civilians wounded in Jericho; and 4 others wounded in Dheisheh camp in Bethlehem.

In the Gaza Strip, 3  IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands, and 3 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 93 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them.7During this week’s incursions, 77 Palestinians were arrested, including 7 children and a woman. It should be noted that the woman was arrested twice.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted a limited incursion into northern Gaza Strip.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 8 incidents, including:

  • Ramallah: 2 barracks demolished in Deir Dibwan village and another barrack confiscated in eastern al-Mughayyir village;
  • Tubas: 2 excavators confiscated in northern Jordan valleys;
  • Occupied East Jerusalem: 9,000 settlement units constructed on the land of Jerusalem International Airport (Qalandia);
  • Bethlehem: 180 olive trees uprooted in al-Khader village;
  • Jericho: 7 barracks confiscated;
  • Hebron: houses and barns served 9 cease-construction notices.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 4 settler-violence incidents: 80 olive trees cut in Yasuf village; 10 olive and fig trees uprooted in western Haris village in Salfit; and a settler attempted to burn the Gethsemane Church in the Mount of Olives area in occupied East Jerusalem.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity
  • At approximately 00:00 on Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank, and stationed in the city’s eastern side. The IOF secured the entry of dozens of buses carrying settlers towards the Joseph’s tomb to perform prayers. Meanwhile, Palestinian young men gathered, set fire to tires and threw stones at IOF, who responded with rubber bullets and teargas canisters. As a result, 2 young men sustained rubber bullet wounds and received treatment at Rafidia Hospital. The wounded were: an 18-year-old male who was shot with a rubber bullet in his face, causing fractures in his teeth and mouth; and a 19-year-old male who was shot with a rubber bullet in his right foot. Also, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 08:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire around them, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • In new crime of excessive use of lethal force, Israeli occupation forces (IOF) killed on Friday, 04 December 2020, a Palestinian child and wounded 4 other civilians during the suppression of a peaceful protest in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah. The child died few hours after sustaining a live bullet in his abdomen without any justification or posing threat to the soldiers’ lives. According to investigations conducted by the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR), at approximately 11:00 on Friday, a peaceful protest took off in the center of al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah, at the call of the villagers, towards lands under the threat of confiscation and in protest to the establishment of new settlement outposts in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to the village. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers and annexation wall. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. Following the Friday prayer, the protestors chanted slogans again the Israeli occupation and settlers. IOF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, 4 civilians sustained rubber bullets wounds in their lower extremities and received treatment on the spot. At approximately 13:30, as the clashes were ongoing, Israeli soldiers shot at ‘Ali Ayman Naser Abu ‘Aliya (14), wounding him with a live bullet in his abdomen below the lung on the right side of his body. Abu ‘Aliya was immediately taken via a Palestinian Red Crescent Socitey (PRCS) ambulance to the Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah, where he underwent a surgery. At approximately 18:00 on the same day, medical sources pronounced him dead. The medical report showed that the bullet penetrated the liver and ruptured it.
  • At approximately 12:20, IOF suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinian civilians in protest at lands confiscations in favor of settlement projects. IOF chased the protestors gathered in the area and clashed with them. During which, IOF fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many protestors sustained bruises.
  • At approximately 14:45, IOF stationed at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing, northern Beit Hanoun, opened fire sporadically at adjacent border areas. Farmers were panicked due to the heavy shooting; no injuries or damage were reported.
  • At approximately15:45, IOF stationed north of al-Sifa area, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, causing fear among Palestinian civilians, who approached the fence, and forcing them to flee; no casualties or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyia area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at a military checkpoint established at the northern entrance to Hebron, so-called Checkpoint (56). IOF chased the Palestinian men in the village’s market and threw sound bombs and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. As a result, many young men suffocated dye to teargas inhalation. IOF re-positioned behind the cement cubes placed in front of the checkpoint while the young men continued to throw stones at them. Meanwhile, a photojournalist working at Wafa News Agency, Mashhour Hasan al-Wahwah (37), was in the area to cover the clashes, but an Israeli soldier threatened him, prevented him from covering the clashes and denied his access to the area. Few hours later, IOF chased the young men again and al-Wahwah followed them. During which, an Israeli soldier approached al-Wahwah, shouted at him and cursed him. When al-Wahwah tried to talk with the soldier, the latter kicked him twice in his legs and ordered him to leave. Al-Wahwah tried to talk with the officer, who was on duty, but in vain. The clashes continued until 18:00; and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off al- al-Sudaniya Shore, northwest of Jabalia camp, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles and opened heavy fire around them, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  •  At approximately 08:30 on Saturday, 05 December 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire in their direction, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:10 on Sunday, 06 December 2020, IOF stationed along the Gaza-Israel border fence, east of Khan Yunis, fired live bullets towards agricultural lands east of Khuzaʽa; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 20:30 on Sunday, 06 December 2020, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, closed the village’s main street and established checkpoints near al-Arba’een mosque in the center of the village and at the entrances to nearby neighborhoods. During which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov Cocktails at IOF, who chased the protestors and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, Omar Ahmed Khalil Mahmoud (16) was shot with a rubber bullet below his left eye while present in front of his house. He was then taken to Hadassah Ein Kerem Hospital in West Jerusalem for treatment. It should be noted that Isawiya village has been the target of recurrent IOF incursions in the past year, where IOF carries out arrest campaigns against civilians under the pretext of being wanted persons, fire live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at Palestinian civilians and their houses and properties.

The wounded child Omar Mahmoud

  • At approximately 05:00 on Monday, 07 December 2020, a large Israeli force accompanied with dozens of Israeli soldiers and Special Forces moved into Dheisheh refugee camp, south of Bethlehem, where they raided and searched dozens of houses after blowing up their doors and causing fear among the inhabitants. During which, Palestinian young men gathered and threw empty bottles and Molotov Cocktails at IOF, who chased them on the village streets and fired heavy live bullets and sound bombs at them. As a result, 3 young men sustained gunshot wounds in their legs and received treatment at Beit Jala Hospital. Also, IOF arrested 4 civilians: Shehab Hasan Mezher (47), Mohammed Nedal Abu ‘Akar (27), and the siblings Mohammed (27) and Na’iem Abu ‘Akar (26).
  • At approximately 08:00, a large Israeli force accompanied with dozens of Israeli soldiers and Special Forces moved into Kalandia refugee camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Khaled ‘Abed al-Raouf Hamad’s house and arrested his sons Mo’ath (26) and Mohammed (28), taking them to an unknown destination. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF and their vehicles. IOF chased the protestors on the village streets and fired heavy live bullets and teargas canisters at them. As a result, 5 civilians, including a child, were shot with live bullets and taken to the Palestine Medical Complex for treatment. The wounded were identified:
  1. ‘Ali Hasan ‘Abed al-Qader (16), who was shot with a live bullet in the chect;
  2. ‘Ali Khaled ‘Abed al-Raouf Hamad (24), who was shot with a live bullet in the abdomen;
  3. Mohammed Ibrahim Saleh ‘Ali, who was shot with a live bullet in the thigh;
  4. Ahmed ‘Abed al-‘Aziz al-Roum, who was shot with a live bullet in his foot; and
  5. Mohammed Ibrahim Khalil Nser, who was shot with a live bullet in the foot.
  • At approximately 14:45, IOF stationed at Kalandia military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem, opened fire at Mohammed Mazen Abu Laban (24), wounding him with live bullets. IOF claimed that Abu Laban attempted to carry out a stabbing-attack. Abu Laban was taken to Hadassah Hospital, where his health condition was classified as serious. According to a video recording, Abu Laban attempted to pass the checkpoint through the vehicles lane, which is forbidden to pedestrians, IOF warned him and then shot him. In the same context, Israeli media stated that the young man, who was wounded at the military checkpoint did not carry a weapon or a knife and IOF opened fire at him because he did not obey their orders. It should be noted that Abu Laban, Shabab al-Amari’s Football Club reserve goalkeeper, was heading to a match VS Jabel Mukaber team, which took place at Faisal al-Husseini Stadium in al-Ram village, north of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 03:30 on Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF moved into Aqabat Jaber camp, southwest of Jericho. IOF were deployed in the camp, during which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF. Violent Clashes erupted between the protestors and IOF, who immediately fired teargas canisters, sound bombs and rubber bullets at the protestors. As a result, 2 civilians sustained sound bombs shrapnel wounds; the first was an 18-year-old male, who sustained shrapnel wounds in his abdomen while the second was a 24-year-old male, who sustained shrapnel wounds in his foot. Both of them received treatment on the spot. In the meantime, IOF raided and searched houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Akram al-Moqaiti (26), and the two siblings Yehia (20) and Yousef (18) Naseem al-Moqaiti.
  1. II. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 03 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-al-Mashrou’ area in al-Eizariya, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed al-Kalouni’s house and arrested his sons Samer (23) and Ibrahim (20).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Jadawil area in Beit Jala. They raided and searched Mohammed Naser Abu Sheikha’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:30, IOF moved into al-Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Oday Issam Abu Nassar (22) and Laith Kareem al-Atrash (18) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 05:30, IOF moved into al-Funduq area, east of Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ali Maher Taim (30).
  • At approximately 16:30, IOF stationed at al-Hamra military checkpoint in central valleys, north of the West Bank, arrested the two siblings Sanad (24) and Ali Sharif Ahmed Ali (26), from Jaba’ village, south of Jenin, taking them to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Yatta, Beit Ummar, and Beit ‘Amra villages in Hebron governorate; Qarawat Bani Zeid, northwest of Ramallah governorate; and Birzeit, north of Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 04 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Wadea’ Dawoud Alian’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Burqa village, northwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sa’eed Mohammed Hajja (38), and Abdul Halim Emad Daghlas (19).
  • At approximately 11:00, a group of Mista’arvim (Israeli Special Unit dressed like Palestinians) sneaked into southern Nablus. They used a white Mercedes bus, stationed on al-Ta’awon street, and surrounded a building belonging to al-Alfi family. Meanwhile, several military vehicles moved into the area coming from al-Tur mount, south of the city, to provide protection for the special unit. Before their withdrawal, IOF arrested Mo’ayad Nimir al-Alfi (47), claiming that he had been wanted for years ago, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF arrested Mahmoud al-Jondi (28), after getting out from al-Aqsa Mosque through Bab Huta, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, taking him to a police station in the city.
  • At approximately 01:15, IOF moved into New Nablus, south of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They surrounded and stormed s house belonging to Emad Mohammed al-Shami (50), a Lieutenant in the Preventive Security Service, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:30, IOF arrested Fathi Yassine Abu Srour (31), while present in Caritas area, north of Bethlehem, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF arrested Belal Ju’aiwi (24), while riding his bicycle near Rachel’s Tomb, north of Bethlehem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

Saturday, 05 December 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Bab Huta neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Omar Mousa Ajlouni’s house and took his two sons Sufian (22) and Saif (19), to a police station in the city.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed Hamed al-Natsha’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli Intelligence Services arrested Mohammed Hamza Obaid (14), from al-Issawiya village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem, after investigating with him for several hours in al-Bareed police station in the city. Obaid’s arrest was extended for the next day.

At approximately 12:00, IOF arrested Hanadi Mohammed al-Halawani (42), while attempting to enter the Aqsa Mosque through Bab al-Asbat Minaret, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took her to al-Maskoubiya police station. Al-Halawani said that, in the morning, IOF summonsed her for investigation. At approximately 12:00, IOF arrested her near Bab al-Asbat, and investigated with her about the writing on her coat: wearing a coat written on it “Bab al-Rahma is Ours” and “al-Aqsa is a Belief”. When Handi denied the charge, the investigators attempted to pressurize her to sign a decision that ban her entry to the Aqsa Mosque and Jerusalem’s Old City again, but she refused and preferred to be arrested and referred to the court rather than banning her from entering the abovementioned places. The Israeli Intelligence Services released her after threatened her to be arrested. It should be noted that IOF arrested the teacher, al-Halawani, after storming her house several times, and she was investigated several times and banned from entering the Aqsa Mosque for up to 14-months.

  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Beit Kahel, Yatta, Tarqumiyah, and Imreish, in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.
  • Sunday, 06 December 2020:
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Omar Khalil Abu al-Hawa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sami Naji Nazzal (24).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Zeita, north of Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Rabah Abdul Fattah Libdi (30), who is a former prisoner.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Eyad Ali Irsheed’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF stationed at Huwara military checkpoint, south of Nablus, arrested Mohammed Nasr al-Dein Allan (36), who is a lawyer from Einabus village, southeast of Nablus.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Khaldoun Taha Dari’s (23) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into al-Wad neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Ra’fat Sameeh Najeeb’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into al-Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Shadi Issa Ma’ali’s (40) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Ma’ali was arrested several times and served 12 years in the Israeli prisons on charge of belonging to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and participating resisting the Israeli occupation.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya and Beita, southeast of Nablus; Sa’ir and al-‘Aroub refugee camp in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 07 December 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in Bab al-Zawiya. They opened the main door, raided and searched Irsheed Printing House that belongs to Jehad Hussain Irsheed, destroyed its contents, and confiscated some of Jehad’s children’s pictures, Oday and Dania, who were killed in the Israeli offensive of 2015.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Sheikh neighborhood in the southern area of Hebron. They raided and searched Mahmoud Hamdi Shabana’s (44) house and confiscated his laptop. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Azzun, east of Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abdul Razzaq Emad Swaidan (17).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Nahalin, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Theib Abdul Hamid Najajera’s (58) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Najajera is a governmental teacher who served several years in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into Kafr Thulth, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Adel Sameeh Shawahna (22) and Murad Ammar Shawahna (19).
  • At approximately 05:10, IOF moved into Kafr Ni’ma, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Riyad Ahmed Abdo’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into al-Rashayida village, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Sa’eed Suliman Owda Fawarqa’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into Ras Khmis neighborhood in Shu’afat refugee camp, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Mohammed Ali’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF arrested Hanadi Mohammed al-Halawani (42), while present near Bab Huta, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s gates. IOF took her to a police station in the Old City and interrogated her for several hours before she was released on a condition that she will be banned from entering the Aqsa Mosque for a week, and she will later return to receive a new 6-month ban.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into al-Bustan neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mohammed Waleed al-Rajabi’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into Bab Huta, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Omar Mousa al-‘Ajlouni’s (51) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Beita, southeast of Nablus; Zububa, west of Jenin; Dura, Beit ‘Amra and al-Samu, in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.
  • Tuesday, 08 December 2020:
  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Marwan Obaid’s house and arrested his sons; Omar (24) and Mohammed (20).
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahil, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mahmoud Ra’ed Asafra’s (21) house and arrested him.

At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Za’tara village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Khaled Ibrahim Tafesh’s (55) house, who was a member in the dissolved Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC), and handed his son, Mos’ab (28), a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services. It should be noted that Tafesh is a former prisoner who was arrested several times and spent 8-years in the Israeli prisons in separate periods; part of which was under the administrative arrest.

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Dahiya neighborhood, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nidal Atef Abu Rmaila (49).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Harmala village, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Abdullah Awad Abayat (28), Isma’el Khalil al-Zeir (43), and Hamza Taleb Abu Dayya (20).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron and stationed in al-Dahar, Safa, and Asida neighborhoods. They raided and searched three housesand arrested (3) civilians including two children; Majdi Mershed Za’aqiq (16), Ibrahim Rami Za’aqiq (16), and Obaida Ghazi ‘Aadi (29). IOF blew up the door of Ghazi’s house, while Ghazi’s wife was behind the door attempting to open it. As a result, Qamar Ahmed ‘Aadi (55) sustained several bruises.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Judeida village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sameh Hussam Abu Mariam (20).

At approximately 07:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint in the entrance of Susya village, north of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They stopped the vehicles and checked the ID cards of the passengers. Meanwhile, IOF stopped a vehicle carrying the teachers of Susya Elementary School and arrested two of them: Amjad Badr Shraiteh (41) and Isma’il Ali Nawaj’a (44). Nisreen Nawaj’a, principal of Susya Elementary School, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: “After arresting the two teachers, we decided to sit-in the checkpoint and refused to leave without Nawaj’a and Shraiteh, as we were suffering from various harassments for two weeks while passing through the abovementioned checkpoint. Sometimes, the teachers had to take dirt roads to reach the school; as they were not allowed to pass through that checkpoint under the pretext of security purposes, even though, the students joined in the sit-in until the IOF released the two teachers after an hour”.

  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Sami Mutair’s (32) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services on the next day.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF arrested Mo’ath Abu Arafa (32), while he was on duty in the occupied East Jerusalem. Abu Arafa was taken to one of the investigation centers in the city and interrogated for several hours about giving religious lessons at the Aqsa Mosque. IOF released him on condition that banning his entry to the Aqsa Mosque for a week and return for investigation after that period.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested Firas Khairy Katana (22), from al-Nazla al-Gharbiya, north of Tulkarm, while present near the border fence adjacent to Zeita village, north of Tulkarm. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out incursions in Nablus. no arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 09 December 2020:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Qarawat Bani Hassan, west of Salfit. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Laith Adnan Rayyan (25).
  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Deir al-Hatab village, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Salman Ahmed Emran (39).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Bal’a village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (7) former prisoners and released them later. The arrestees were: Mohammed Emad Barabra, Talal Abu Yassine, Ja’far Ayman Shahrour, Tha’er Rida Mer’i, Naser Khalil Abu Dayya, Atiya Wael Mahmoud, and Essam Ghazi Jitawi.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al-Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and neighborhoods and arrested (4) civilians: Kamel Jalal Nakhla (25), Maher Ayyoub Dalaisha (45), Ya’qoub Mostafa Hussain (27), and Fadi Nayef Alian (40). IOF released Nakhla and Dalaisha on the same day evening.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Taqoa village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Abu Mfarreh’s house and took his sons Ahmed (18) and Mohammed (17), to unknown destinations.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with six military vehicles stationed in Abu Safiya Gate, northeast of Jabalya, north of the Gaza Strip, moved 100 meters to the north of the border fence with Israel. They levelled and combed lands that were previously levelled amidst sporadic shooting. At approximately 10:00, IOF withdrew, and no casualties were reported.
  • Also during the day, IOF conducted 8 incursions into Palestinian territory without any arrests reported: Jaba’, southern Jenin; Sebastia, northwestern Nablus; Shufa, Anabta, Deir al-Ghusun, Zeita and Far’un in Tulkarm.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 03 December 2020, an Israeli force backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with a Civil Administration vehicle and a bulldozer stormed the eastern area of Deir Dibwan village, east of Ramallah. IOF bulldozer demolished 2 barracks built of steel pillars and tin plates on an area of 120 sqm, 2 tents, a tent used for storing animal feed built on an area of 40 sqm, a barn built on area of 200 sqm. All of these facilities were used for grazing sheep and owned by Atef Awawdah Shalabi, from Deir Dibwan village. IOF also dismantled 6 steel feeding and watering equipment and confiscated them. The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • At approximately 10:50 on Sunday, 06 December 2020, IOF stormed Atouf area, east of Tammun village, southeast of Tubas in northern valleys, north of the West Bank. IOF confiscated 2 diggers owned by Aman Rabah Gharib Bani Ouda and Diya’a Bani Ouda, from the abovementioned village. IOF confiscated the 2 diggers while both Ayman and Diya’a were paving an agricultural road in for the village’s council. Confiscation was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • On the same Sunday, the Organization and Construction Department at the Israeli Municipality in occupied Jerusalem announced approved construction of 9 thousand settlement units in “Atrout” settlement established on Qalandiya and Beit Hanina village’ lands, north of occupied East Jerusalem. According to the Israeli Civil Administration Commission, thousands of new settlement units will be constructed over 600 dunums in-lieu of Jerusalem’s abandoned international airport. IOF seized these lands in the 1970s. It should be noted that the Israeli settlement expansion plan in Atrout was laid out years ago, but it was frozen more than once due to international political pressures rejecting Israeli settlements in lands occupied in 1967. Jerusalem’s international airport was located on Qalandiya lands, north of occupied Jerusalem and it was the oldest airport in Palestine as it was constructed in 1920 during the British mandate of Palestine on an area of 650 dunums. Until the Israeli occupation in 1967, the airport was used for tourism and commercial purposes from and to Jerusalem before the outbreak of the Second Intifa in 2000.
  • On Monday morning, 07 December 2020, IOF uprooted hundreds of olive trees and grape vines after they leveled lands in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. Al-Khader Village’s Municipality said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF uprooted more than 30 olive seedlings after they leveled a land owned Yaseen Khader Essa, in Wadi al-Shami area. IOF also leveled a 6-dunums land in al-Absiya area in the abovementioned village owned by Rezeq Mohammed Husein Salah. Leveling the land led to uprooting 100 olive trees and 50 grapes seedlings. It should be noted that IOF lately committed many violations against Palestinian farmers in al-Khader village, including leveling and seizing lands, uprooting trees and preventing landowners from approaching them. These Israeli practices are in favor of settlement expansion activities.
  • At approximately 06:00 on Tuesday, 12 December 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle and truck mounted crane stormed al-Qaboun area, east of Al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah. The area has been inhabited by a Bedouin community for 20 years. Israeli authorities brought workers from private companies and dismantled  and confiscated a barrack built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 90 sq.m; it is owned  by Hasan Sueliman Abu al-Kabash, and used for grazing sheep. The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C) according to Oslo Accords.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle, a truck mounted crane, and a bulldozer stormed al-Auja village, north of Jericho. IOF deployed in the area and surrounded it and brought workers from a private company; they dismantled and confiscated 7 under-construction barracks built of steel pillars and bricks (uninhabited). One of these barracks was used to  store barley and wheat crops for feeding sheep and livestock. The bulldozer also confiscated crops. The demolition and confiscation were under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The demolition details were as follows:
Affected personfacility
Mohammed Yaseen Mousa RashaidahUnder-construction barrack built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 70 sqm.
Zawada Suleiman Saleem Abu Khraish Under-construction barrack built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 70 sqm.
Farea Yaseen RshaidahUnder-construction barrack used for grazing sheep and livestock built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 30 sqm
Khalaf Fares RashaidahUnder-construction barrack used for grazing sheep and livestock built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 30 sqm
Sulieman Dawoud Tarif al-ZayedA barrack built of bricks and steel used to store on an area of 200 sqm
Hani Ata Dawoud al-ZayedUnder-construction barrack used for grazing sheep and livestock built of steel pillars and bricks on an area of 30 sqm
Ata Daoud Tarif al-ZayedUnder-construction barrack built of bricks and steel on an area of 80 sqm
  • At the same time, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle and a truck mounted crane stormed Khirbat al-Simia, west of as-Samu village, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed in the area while the Civil Administration officers dismantled a barrack built of bricks on an area of 100 sqm, used for grazing sheep and it is owned by Riyad Abdul Karim Ghayad al-Salamin. Before IOF withdrew from the area, the Civil and Administration officer handed al-Salamin a paper of the confiscated items. Israeli authorities also handed al-Salamin a notice called “stop destruction of archeological sites” on 11 December 2020.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Wednesday, 09 December 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle stormed Khirbat al-Jawaya, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The Civil Administration officer fixed a number of notices a notice to stop construction works at residents and livestock barns under the pretext of illegal construction and gave them until 30 December 2020, to submit the required legal document before the Committee at the Civil Administration. The notices were as follows:
Affected personfacilityAreaConstruction yearDescription of constructionFundingFamily membersChildrenNotice No.Financial costConstruction
Ahmed Hammad Mohammed Nawaja’aWater well160sqm2005A holeorganization6331141
Ahmed Hammad Mohammed Nawaja’ahouse310sqm2018Under constructionpersonal643114380cement
Ra’ef Kahlid Mohammed Nawaj’a3 houses200sqm2020Under constructionpersonal4231140cement
Essa Mohammed Husein Shawahintent50sqm2020Construction completepersonal11931142Tent
Mousa Hasan Husein Shawahinbarn60sqm2019Construction completedpersonal6431144 Cement
Moamed Ahmed Mahmoud ShawhinA house40sqm2019Under constructionpersonal4231146200,00cement
Adham Ahmed Mahmoud ShahinA house100sqm2019Under constructionpersonal4231148120,000cement
Mohammed Ali Mohammed HuseinA house100sqm2019Under constructionpersonal4231148120,000bricks
Ayed Eyada ShawahinLivestock barrack60sqm2018Construction completepersonal84206751bricks

Khirbat al-Jawaya is located in eastern Yatta, south of Hebron and inhabited with 300 persons, who work in agriculture and the construction sector. This area is located in Area (C) according to the Oslo Accords. At the southern and eastern outskirts of the Khirbah, we find the Bypass Raod (60) and “Ma’on” settlement a mere one kilometer away. IOF’s settlement expansion activities on Palestinians’ lands, resident of Khirbat al-Jawaya are unable to conduct any construction in the area.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 11:30 on Thursday, 03 December 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from Taffuh settlement established at lands of Yasouf village, east of Salfit, uprooted 42 olive trees in al-Karm eastern area, southeast of Yasouf village, using electric equipment. The land is owned by brothers Shaher and Ali Mohammed Theeb Yaseen.

Ali Theeb Yaseen said to PCHR’s fieldworker that his eldest son headed to al-Karm eastern area, east of the city to check on the olive trees planted a month ago. He found the fence cut off and olive trees uprooted as settlers uprooted 42 olive trees from his land and 13 olive trees from his Brother’s land.

  • At approximately 14:20 on Friday, 04 December 2020, an Israeli settler stormed the Church of all Nations or Basilica of the Agony located at Mount of Olives, east of occupied East Jerusalem, and attempted to set fire into it before the church’s guards and the area residents interfered. They extinguished the fire and caught the settler and handed him to the Israeli police.

According to the church’s guard, Fadi al-Moghrabi, a settler poured diesel and attempted to set fire into some seats in the church. However, some civilians intervened and prevented him. Al-Moghrabi emphasized that fire caused damage to some seats and the floor.

The Israeli police also announced that they detained an Israeli (49), who lives in Jerusalem and attempted to set fire to the Basilica of the Agony in occupied East Jerusalem by pouring a flammable liquid inside it, causing damage.

According to the spokesperson of the Fire Department, 4 crews arrived at the place; luckily, the fire did not spread throughout the church, but it was full of smoke. It should be noted that the Church of all Nations or Basilica of the Agony is located at the Mount of Olive in Jerusalem near “Gethsemane” Garden and it was built above the rock where Christians believe that Jesus prayed before his arrest and crucifixion. It is noteworthy that the church was built between 1919 and 1924 and funded by several countries. The church is distinguished by its facade as it is backed by a row of pillars and a mosaic painting on its top that symbolically portrays Jesus as the link between God and mankind.

  • On Saturday morning, 05 December 2020,  a group of Israeli settlers from “ Rahalim settlement” established on Yasouf village lands, east of Salfit, cut off 38 olive trees in al-Mahawer area, southeast of Yasouf area using an electric saw. The land is owned by Rajeh and Reda Mahmoud Atiyani.

Rajeh Atiyani said to PCHR’s fieldworker: “When I headed to my land at 08:30 on Saturday morning to spray pesticides, I found  that 38 olive trees were cut off from my land and 16 others were cut off  from my brother’s land as settlers used an electric saw to cut the trees. Rajeh emphasized that his land was attacked several times before.

  • At approximately 08:30 on Monday, 07 December 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from “Revava” settlement established at lands of Haris village, north of Salfit, uprooted 10 olive trees at Khelat Abu al-Ola area, west of Haris village. The land is owned by heirs of Ya’qoub Ouda Hasan Sultan.

III. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 61 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 4 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • At approximately 14:40 on Monday, 07 December 2020, IOF closed Qalandiya military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem after they opened fire a Palestinian civilian at the checkpoint and later reopened it.
  • On the same day, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrances to ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Tuesday, 08 December 2020 IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, and under al-Khader village’s bridge, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 04 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, and near al-Nashash intersection, south of the city.
  • On Saturday, 05 December 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, the western entrance to Husan village, near al-Nashash intersection, near Deir Salah village’s bridge, and at Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho. IOF continued establishing checkpoint until Sunday, 06 December 2020, as soldiers searched civilians’ vehicles and checked their ID cards.
  • On Sunday, 06 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrane to Beit Jala, Jannata, Jab’a villages, near Deir Salah village’s bridge, east of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 07 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, the entrance to Marah Rabah village, at Aqabat Hasna area, leading to villages, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, and the entrances to Nahalin and Wadi Rehal villages.

Nablus:

  • On Friday, 04 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection to Al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya village, branching from Ramallah – Nablus Street, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Saturday, 05 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at entrance to Asira ash-Shamaliya village, north of Nablus.
  • On Monday, 07 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Beita village, al-Marba’a area near the entrance to Tal village, and at Nablus – Jenin main road, northwest of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 04 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Silat ad-Dhahr village, southwest of Jenin.
  • On Monday, 07 December 2020, IOF established2 checkpoints at the entrance to Jalamah village, and at the intersection of Arraba village.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: Al Aroub refugee camp, Sa’ir village’s northern entrance, and Halhoul southern entrance.
  • On Friday, 04 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Ash-Shuyukh village, and Beit Ummar village.
  • On Saturday, 05 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to:  Beit Awwa, Bani Na’im, and Surif villages.
  • On Sunday, 06 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Fawwar refugee camp, Ash-Shuyukh, Beit Ummar and Beit Awwa villages.
  • On Monday, 07 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at: Fawwar refugee camp, Ash-Shuyukh, Beit Ummar, and Beit Awwa villages.
  • On Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at Hebron’s southern entrance, and Halhoul’s southern entrance.
  • On Wednesday, 09 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at Halhoul’s northern entrance, Hebron’s southern entrance, Al Aroub refugee camp, and Susya village.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints between Jayyous and Azzun villages, and at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On 04 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at under the bridge of Azzun village, at the entrance to Jit village, and the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Izbat at-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 03 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection to Kifl Haris village, west of Salfit.
  • On Friday, 04 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at northern entrance to Salfit.
  • On Tuesday, 08 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.

Isolated and Alone. Palestinian Children Held in Solitary Confinement by Israeli Authorities for Interrogation

By Defense for Children International – Palestine

Global Research, December 04, 2020

Defense for Children International – Palestine 1 December 2020

Between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2019, Defense for Children International – Palestine (DCIP) documented 108 cases in which Palestinian children arrested by the Israeli military were held in isolation for two or more days during the interrogation period.

The average duration of isolation in this data set was 14.3 days. Nearly 40 percent, 43 children, endured a prolonged period of isolation of 16 or more days. While mainly studying adult prisoner populations, numerous scientific sources indicate that after 15 days “some of the harmful psychological effects of isolation can become irreversible.”1

The longest documented period of isolation was 30 days, while the shortest was three days. Quteiba B. was 16 years old when he was arrested on September 23, 2018, and was subjected to 30 days of isolation in Israel’s Asqalan interrogation and detention center, located inside Israel. The 108 children whose cases were documented by DCIP were all boys aged between 14 and 17 years old, of whom 70 were aged 17, 30 were aged 16, seven were aged 15, and one was aged 14.

The children were accused of a range of offenses by Israeli authorities, predominantly throwing stones, Molotov cocktails or grenades; 76 children in the data set were accused of such offenses. A further 22 children were accused of weapons possession, and 10 children were accused of involvement with a military cell. Other accusations ranged from incitement on Facebook and plotting an attack, to membership in a banned organization or aiding a wanted individual.

Of the 108 cases, some children were detained at multiple locations, however, at least 52 children were held at Al-Jalame (also known as Kishon) interrogation and detention center; at least 29 children were held at Petah Tikva interrogation and detention center; at least 32 were held at Megiddo prison and at least 14 were held at Al-Mascobiyya interrogation and detention center in Jerusalem. These facilities are located inside Israel, and all are operated or controlled by the Israel Prison Service (IPS) and the Israel Security Agency. Palestinian children are often transferred between centers during a period of detention.

Solitary confinement of children under international law

International law prohibits the use of solitary confinement and similar measures constituting cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment against children, defined as any person under 18 years old.3 The practice of solitary confinement, in addition to corporal punishment, placement in a dark cell, or any other punishment that may compromise the physical or mental health of the child may, in some cases, amount to torture.4

The U.N. Special Rapporteur on Torture, Mr. Juan Méndez, has noted “[t]here is no universally agreed upon definition of solitary confinement.”5 However, solitary confinement generally refers to the physical and social isolation of individuals who are confined to their cells for 22 to 24 hours a day, without meaningful human contact.6

In a 2016 statement, Mr. Méndez defined the types of human interaction that may constitute meaningful contact. “Isolation entails the lack of meaningful social contact for the detainee, whether by means of interaction with other inmates or penitentiary staff, visits, or participation in work, educational, and leisure activities, or sports. [ . . . ] The international law of human rights mandates significant human contact both within and outside of prison, including with fellow prisoners and with prison staff not strictly dedicated to security functions.”7

International law recognizes that children are inherently different from adults because they are still developing both physically and psychologically. Consequently, children are afforded special protections under international law, and the threshold for actions constituting grave human rights violations is lowered when the victim is a child. For example, the prohibition against torture is one of few absolute and non-derogable human rights standards. It applies to any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on any person for a number of reasons.8 However, the victim’s age and relative position of inferiority must be taken into consideration when assessing whether treatment or punishment may be classified as torture.9

Specifically, “[c]hildren experience pain and suffering differently to adults owing to their physical and emotional development and their specific needs. In children, ill-treatment may cause even greater or irreversible damage than for adults. Moreover, healthy development can be derailed by excessive or prolonged activation of stress response systems in the body, with damaging long-term effects on learning, behaviour and health.”10Year-in-Review: Worst Abuses Against Palestinian Children in 2017

International juvenile justice standards, which Israel has obliged itself to implement by ratifying the U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in 1991, require that children should only be deprived of their liberty as a measure of last resort, must not be unlawfully or arbitrarily detained, and must not be subjected to torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Israel’s human rights obligations apply not only inside Israel, but also extend to the territory it occupies, including the Occupied Palestinian Territory.11

In 2011, the U.N. Special Rapporteur on Torture, Mr. Juan Méndez, called for an absolute prohibition on the use of solitary confinement on children, in a report submitted to the U.N. General Assembly.12

The U.N. Committee on the Rights of the Child considers the solitary confinement of children, for any duration, to be cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment and, in some cases, even torture.13

Mr. Méndez has stipulated that even the use of solitary confinement for the stated purpose of separating juveniles or other vulnerable detainees from segments of a prison population is “unjustified unless they actually request protection.”14

DCIP finds that the physical and social isolation of Palestinian children for interrogation purposes, without their explicit request or consent, during pre-charge and pretrial military detention by Israeli authorities, and where there is limited or no meaningful human contact, is a practice that constitutes solitary confinement. DCIP considers the aforementioned practice by Israeli authorities to amount to torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment.

While Israeli officials consistently argue that international human rights law, specifically the treaties Israel has ratified, does not apply to Palestinians living under Israeli occupation in the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip, these arguments have found no international support and have been consistently rejected by the International Court of Justice and several U.N. human rights treaty bodies when assessing Israel’s obligations under international law toward Palestinians in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.15

Solitary confinement solely for interrogation purposes

Evidence and documentation collected by DCIP overwhelmingly indicates that the isolation of Palestinian children within the Israeli military detention system is practiced solely to obtain a confession for a specific offense or to gather intelligence under interrogation.

DCIP has found no evidence demonstrating a legally justifiable use of isolation of Palestinian child detainees, such as for disciplinary, protective, or medical reasons.

The practice has been used, almost exclusively, during pre-charge and pretrial detention. The practice is not generally employed after children have been convicted and are serving their sentences.

Isolation of Palestinian children typically follows a military arrest and transfer period, during which many children are subjected to numerous human rights violations.

While in isolation, the children experience minimal human contact and also commonly report significantly worse cell conditions compared to the cells in which they were placed during other periods of detention.

Almost all interrogations of Palestinian children held in isolation are carried out without prior consultation with or the presence of a lawyer or a family member. Further, children are often exposed to abuse and torture during interrogations.

Coercive tactics, including the use of informants, are frequently used and may cause children to unintentionally incriminate themselves or to issue false confessions.

Arrest and transfer

Israeli forces frequently arrest Palestinian children at night. In 71 out of 108 cases (66 percent), children held in solitary confinement reported being detained from their homes between midnight and 5 a.m. by heavily armed Israeli soldiers.

Israeli forces typically gather all the occupants of the house, regardless of age, in one area or room and demand identification.
Physical violence against family members, including other children in the home, is common. Generally, Israeli forces
separate the wanted child from his family within the home for questioning and to confirm his identity. Some children report
being subject to physical and verbal abuse and intimidation. Israeli forces often search the home during the raid resulting in
the destruction of property. Mobile phones and other items are confiscated during the raids. Once a child’s identity has been verified, Israeli forces detain and take the child into custody, removing them from the home.

Children and their families are rarely informed of the reasons for arrest, or the location where the child will be detained.

In almost all cases, children’s hands are tied behind their backs with plastic cords, often to their discomfort, rather than standard metal handcuffs, and most are blindfolded. In the solitary confinement cases documented by DCIP, all 108 children had their hands bound, and 102 out of 108 children (94 percent) were blindfolded during their arrest and transfer.

Children are also subjected to verbal and physical abuse and intimidation when taken to a military vehicle. Once inside, they are often forced to sit on the floor, bound and blindfolded, and surrounded by Israeli forces, where this abuse often continues. In 77 out of 108 cases (71 percent), children endured some form of physical violence following arrest.

They are subsequently transferred to a military base or directly to an interrogation facility.

Isolation and cell conditions

Palestinian child detainees are held in solitary confinement at detention facilities located inside Israel. These facilities include Petah Tikva interrogation and detention center in central Israel, near Tel Aviv; Al-Jalame interrogation and detention center (Kishon) in northern Israel, near Haifa; and Al-Mascobiyya interrogation and detention center in Jerusalem.

Across these locations, children reported significantly worse cell conditions during periods of isolation compared to other periods of detention in which they were not isolated. The conditions in isolation cells are commonly characterised by inadequate ventilation, 24-hour yellow lighting, no windows, unsanitary bedding and toilet facilities and hostile architectural features such as wall protrusions.

Children describe being held in isolation in a small cell measuring approximately 5 feet by 6.5 feet (1.5 meters by 2 meters). The children report either sleeping on a concrete bed, on the floor, or on a thin mattress that is often described as “dirty” and “foul smelling.” There are no windows and no natural light. The only source of light comes from a dim yellow bulb that is reportedly kept on at all hours. Meals are passed to children through a flap in the door. Cell walls are reported to be gray in color with sharp or rough protrusions that are painful to lean against. Children frequently report that the paint of the cell walls and the lighting inside hurt their eyes.

No meaningful human contact

During isolation, Palestinian children have limited or no meaningful social contact. This includes an absence of access to rehabilitative, educational, recreational and therapeutic activities or services.

Palestinian children held in isolation solely for interrogation purposes are denied access to family visits. Typically, these children experience limited contact only with facility guards, interrogators and informants. Meals are passed to children through a flap in the door, leaving children with virtually no non-adversarial or meaningful human contact.

Palestinian children who are not detained in isolation are transferred to military courts where a military judge may extend their detention, and at which they may see their parents and a lawyer. However, Palestinian children held in isolation solely for interrogation purposes have their detention extended by military judges at the detention facility itself; further forestalling contact between children and their families and lawyers.

Read full report here.

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Featured image is an illustration by DCI-PThe original source of this article is Defense for Children International – PalestineCopyright © Defense for Children International – PalestineDefense for Children International – Palestine, 2020

The Palestinian children of Karmiel know what Israeli apartheid is

Orly Noy is a journalist and a political activist based in Jerusalem.

Orly Noy

3 December 2020 11:09 UTC

The nation-state law has been invoked to reject a petition by students for reimbursement of their bus fares to Arabic-language schools

An Israeli flag flies in the northern city of Karmiel on 3 November (AFP)

Less than a day after Israel’s nation-state law was approved by the Knesset, Haaretz published a commentary by Jonathan Lis addressing its practical significance. “The nation-state law is mainly a symbolic measure designed to enshrine national values in a basic law,” he wrote.

Considerable commentary of this nature was heard at the time: Israel is defined as a Jewish state, with all the concomitant discriminatory ramifications. Many sought on that basis to mute criticism of the new law. Others understood that the law, officially legalising apartheid within Israel’s borders, would be more than merely symbolic.

Lawyer Hassan Jabareen, founder of the legal defence group Adalah, whose petition against the law has been pending for more than two years, described it nicely to me at the time: If hitherto Arab citizens could turn to the courts for help in fighting discrimination in the name of the law, from now on the legal system itself can validate apartheid, also in the name of the law.

Confiscated land

A 30 November article in Haaretz proves just how correct Jabareen’s point was, as the Krayot Magistrate’s Court recently cited the nation-state law as grounds to reject a petition from Arab children in Karmiel seeking reimbursement for their bus fares to Arab schools outside the town, since there are no Arab schools in Karmiel.

“Karmiel, a Jewish city, was founded to strengthen Jewish settlement in the Galilee,” Senior Registrar Yaniv Luzon wrote in his decision. “Establishing an Arabic-language school … [and] funding school transportation for Arab students, for anyone who needs it anywhere, could change the demographic balance of the city and damage its character.”   

The experience of more than seven decades proves that the Israeli legal establishment is an integral part of the system of Jewish superiority

It might be worth noting the founding circumstances of the “Jewish city” of Karmiel, whose character the chief registrar is so concerned about: Karmiel was established in 1964 on land confiscated from surrounding Arab villages.

Karmiel is one of more than 700 communities the state has built for the Jewish population since Israel’s founding, compared with none built for the Arab population – apart from a few towns in the Negev designed for the orderly resettlement of Bedouins whose lands the state coveted.

Though the two populations have grown at a similar rate since 1948, the apartheid land-use policy, which confiscates land from one population to build towns for the other, has so constricted Arab towns geographically that many of their residents have been forced to find housing in nearby Jewish towns.

But apartheid is unhappy with that too, apparently. It does not want Arabs in Jewish towns, and it also does not want to let them live on their own lands, separately. On the one hand, outright theft; on the other, a sense of superiority and racial purity.

‘Equal rights as individuals’

Back in the day, when the nation-state law was brought before the Knesset, its initiator, Avi Dichter, made the following appeal to Arab citizens: “You will be able to live as a national minority among us and enjoy equal rights as individuals, but not equality as a national minority.” 

Now, Senior Registrar Luzon clarifies, based on the nation-state law, even “living among us” is not a real option, because maintaining Jewish demographic superiority is an explicit goal of the law itself. That is, even if theoretically the Arab residents of Karmiel were prepared to send their children to the city’s Jewish schools – where they would be exposed to racist, militaristic indoctrination that, among other things, normalises the occupation – that would not be a solution. Their very presence in the city is unwanted, and fighting against it is considered legitimate and lawful.

Protesters denounce Israel’s nation-state law in the village of Jatt in October 2018 (AFP)
Protesters denounce Israel’s nation-state law in the village of Jatt in October 2018 (AFP)

The person who ought to have been battling for the rights of these students who petitioned the court for help is Education Minister Yoav Galant, who voted in favour of the nation-state law. Given the court’s decision, it is worth noting again the deception in the distinction made by Dichter between individual rights and national rights for Palestinian citizens. 

Has the massive confiscation of land belonging to Arab citizens been done on an individual or a national basis? Is the discrimination against Arab students carried out on an individual or a national basis? Is abandoning the security of Arab citizens and ignoring their victimisation by organised crime an individual or a national trend? Is preventing Arab families from making their homes in Jewish towns via residential screening committees happening on an individual or a national basis? 

Just one service was accomplished by the nation-state law for the public discourse in Israel, and that was tearing the mask away from all these manipulative and false distinctions.

Persecuting Palestinian identity

The children of Karmiel did not petition the court to allow them to wave a Palestinian flag or sing the Palestinian anthem in the city’s streets. They petitioned for the right to live in their city and study at a school where their language is spoken, and where they will not be viewed as inferior citizens. The court made it clear that their Palestinian identity makes them inferior and unwanted; that their very existence is a threat, by law.Why acknowledging Israeli apartheid is not enough

The country’s Arab citizens are persecuted for wanting to be who they are. Their Palestinian identity is what makes them, in the eyes of the Zionist government, less than fully reliable citizens. The intra-Zionist argument is only about limits to their rights, which are never material and are always conditional.

True, institutional and racist discrimination against Arab citizens of Israel existed even before the nation-state law. But with its passage, the parliament of Israel proudly proclaimed the legitimacy of the state’s apartheid foundations. Apartheid became the law of the land.

Although many petitions against the nation-state law are still pending, the experience of more than seven decades proves that the Israeli legal establishment is an integral part of the system of Jewish superiority. It is the gatekeeper. In that sense, Luzon has simply done what is expected of him.

The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye.

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Saudi Arabia’s abominable human rights record

November 30, 2020 – 11:33

By Stephen Lendman

Stephen Lendman is an American award-winning author, syndicated columnist, and Research Associate of the Centre for Research on Globalization (CRG).

Like the U.S., Israel, and other rogue states, the Saudis operate by their own rules in flagrant violation of international laws, norms, and standards. It’s the world’s head-chopping/public whippings capital. Anyone can be targeted for exercising free expression, human rights activism, or other forms of dissent against despotic rule.

They’re also vulnerable for not praying at designated times, improper dress code, non-observance of gender segregation, and other nonconformity with Wahhabi extremism.

Its documented high crimes include state-sponsored murder, torture, arbitrary arrests, and detentions, supporting ISIS and other terrorist groups, partnering in U.S. regional wars, banning free elections, denying due process and judicial fairness, prohibiting religious freedom, human trafficking, kidnappings, committing crimes of war and against humanity, along with virtually every other rule of law breach imaginable.

In mid-November, the London Daily Mail reported the following: “Saudi interrogators forced jailed women’s rights activists to perform sex acts, hung them from ceilings and ‘tortured’ them with electric shocks,” citing a report, titled: “A Stain on World Leaders and the G20 Summit in Saudi Arabia: The shameful detention and torture of Saudi women.”

The report explained that in May 2018, “10 human rights defenders who had successfully campaigned” to end the prohibition against women driving were arrested and detained. 

Weeks later, nine more arrests and detentions followed. Targeted individuals were activists for women’s rights in the kingdom. A few are males who support gender equality were also arrested. Most individuals targeted remain detained. It was learned that they were “subjected to torture, inhuman and degrading conditions of detention, solitary confinement, and unfair trial processes.”

In the report, human rights lawyer Baroness Helena Kennedy called on G20 nations to boycott the virtual November 21-22 Riyadh summit until wrongfully detained women are free. Other charges included forcing them to watch pornography, along with performing other sexual acts on interrogators.

One detained woman was reportedly told: “I’ll do whatever I like to you, and then I’ll dissolve you and flush you down the toilet.” Another woman said Saudi King Salman’s younger brother, Prince Khalid bin Salman, oversaw what went on, at one point saying:  “I can do anything I like to you.”

Commenting on her report, Baroness Kennedy said horrendous abuses endured by detained women in the kingdom wouldn’t be tolerated in “decent nation(s),” adding: “Being expected to deliver for interrogators, what that has done to the soul of a woman is so terrible.”

Saudi abuses against nonviolent activist women are typical of how their ruling authorities always operate — showing contempt for the rights of ordinary people, tolerating no dissent.

Crown prince Mohammad bin Salman (MBS) is the kingdom’s torturer assassin-in-chief. He personally signed off on the October 2018 brutal murder and dismemberment of Jamal Khashoggi in the kingdom’s Istanbul consulate. In 2017, he arrested and detained hundreds of royal family members and Saudi businessmen. Held under house arrest at Riyadh’s Ritz-Carlton hotel, they were forced to pay tens or hundreds of billions of dollars in cash and assets to the regime for release — MBS grand theft on the phony pretext of rooting out corruption. 

He consolidated power by eliminating rivals and terrorizing potential ones. Royal family members, Saudi businessmen, and others in the kingdom not willing to affirm loyalty to his rule risk arrest, detention, torture, and elimination.

Since appointed crown prince in June 2017 — gaining power because his of father’s mental and physical deterioration — he’s ruthlessly gone all-out to solidify it unchallenged. He likely OK’s sexual and other torture of detained women activists.

UN secretary-general Guterres is largely silent about Western, Israeli and Saudi high crimes, serving their interests instead of condemning them. As long as Saudi Arabia is oil-rich, its wealth used to invest in Western countries and buy their weapons, as well as partnering in their regional wars, their ruling authorities will turn a blind eye to the worst of kingdom high crimes.
 

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Biden and the Middle East: Misplaced optimism

Khalil al-Anani

25 November 2020

The Arab region in general will not rank high on the list of foreign priorities for the incoming US president

US president-elect Joe Biden speaks in Wilmington, Delaware, on 19 November (AFP)

There has been a state of optimism in the Arab world since the announcement of Democratic candidate Joe Biden’s win in the US presidential election.

Even if the optimism is justified, especially in light of the disasters and political tragedies that the Arab region has witnessed and lived through over the past four years under President Donald Trump, this optimism is somewhat exaggerated. Some believe that the region under Biden will witness radical changes, breaking with Trump’s negative legacy – but I don’t think that will happen.

We need to dismantle the various issues that Biden is expected to engage with over the next four years in order to understand whether the situation will remain as it is, or undergo radical change. 

During the Biden era, the Arab region in general is not expected to rank high on the list of US foreign priorities. There are many reasons for this, including Biden’s vision, which does not stray far from the view of former US President Barack Obama on global issues and international conflicts, with Asia and the Pacific given priority over all other matters. 

The US relationship with China is an important file for any US administration, whether Republican or Democratic. As the rise of China represents an economic and security threat to the US, the Obama administration moved its foreign-policy compass towards China and the Pacific region. For Biden, China will continue to represent a top priority. 

The issue has become even more urgent in the wake of Trump’s more hostile policies towards China over the past four years. Observers will be watching as to whether Biden can put an end to what the average US citizen sees as Chinese encroachment and hegemony in global markets, at US expense. Some saw Trump’s China policies as a historic victory, due to the imposition of tariffs on US imports from China. 

The importance of accountability for China might be one of the few issues that has consensus among Americans of all orientations, but there are differences in how the issue is approached and handled. While Republicans, especially under Trump, use the confrontational method through the well-known strategy of “maximum pressure”, the Democrats prefer dialogue and cooperation with Beijing.

Iran, Israel and Arab authoritarians

In the Arab region, the three issues expected to dominate Biden’s agenda are the US relationships with Iran, Israel and the authoritarian regimes in Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the UAE.

We may witness an important shift in US policy towards Iran, especially on the nuclear file and Trump-era sanctions, which resulted in unprecedented levels of pressure on Tehran since the unilateral US withdrawal from the nuclear deal in 2018.

It is expected that Biden will bring the US back to the nuclear deal, but with new conditions – unless the Trump administration, in alliance with Israel, Saudi Arabia and the UAE, launches military strikes, as Trump has reportedly contemplated.

Biden and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu meet in Jerusalem in 2010 (Reuters)
Biden and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu meet in Jerusalem in 2010 (Reuters)

As for the US-Israel relationship, and in particular the issue of a two-state solution and normalisation with Arab countries, we can expect the status quo to continue. Despite Biden’s embrace of the two-state solution and rejection of Israeli attempts to impose a fait accompli on Palestinians, Biden is not expected to prevent Israel from annexing parts of the occupied West Bank.

US pressure on more Arab countries to normalise with Israel, as Trump pushed with the UAE, Bahrain and Sudan, may diminish. But this does not mean the Biden administration would impede any such normalisation. On the contrary, Biden welcomed the Gulf normalisation deals with Israel.

The issue of Israel’s security and qualitative superiority is a subject of agreement among Republicans and Democrats alike; none can imagine this changing under the Biden administration.

Condemnation without action

As for the US relationship with Arab authoritarian regimes, particularly with respect to support for human rights and democracy, while Biden may not support human rights violations – especially in Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the UAE – he is not expected to exert great pressure on these countries if the violations continue.

A Biden administration, for example, would not likely cut off military aid to Egypt, or halt arms sales to Saudi Arabia or the UAE as an objection to the Yemen war or their miserable record on issues of democracy and human rights – despite Biden’s pledge to the contrary during his election campaign. 

Statements and condemnations may be issued from time to time, but it is unlikely that they will translate into real policies and actions. While Biden will not consider someone like Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi his “favourite dictator”, as Trump did, he will not likely sever the relationship or punish Sisi seriously for his flagrant violations of human rights in Egypt.

Perhaps optimists in the Arab world should be wary of getting too hopeful about the incoming Biden administration and the potential for regional change. If it is true that the number of bad guys around the world will decrease due to Trump’s departure from power, this does not necessarily mean that the good guys will make a comeback with Biden coming to power.

Khalil al-AnaniKhalil al-Anani is a Senior Fellow at the Arab Centre for Research and Policy Studies in Washington DC. He is also an associate professor of political science at the Doha Institute for Graduate Studies. You can follow him on Twitter: @Khalilalanani.

Canada, U.S. have ‘selective’ approach toward human rights: lawyer

By Mohammad Mazhari

November 23, 2020 – 10:56

Sari Bashi, a consultant for Democracy in the Arab World Now (DAWN)

TEHRAN – A human rights lawyer says the U.S. and Canada follow double standards toward human rights, noting that they “support human rights selectively”.

In an interview with the Tehran Times, Sari Bashi, a consultant for Democracy in the Arab World Now (DAWN), says that U.S. policy in terms of human rights is not consistent. 

“Unfortunately, the United States and Canada support human rights selectively, and the United States, in particular, has not done nearly enough to call out its allies for human rights abuses,” Bashi points out.

Canada and the U.S. accuse other countries of human rights violations while they themselves sell weapons to tyrannical regimes in West Asia, which are used against defenseless people, especially in Yemen. 

Canada claims a global reputation as a human rights defender, while the Ottawa government has a bad record when it comes to the rights of the indigenous peoples. According to reports revealed by the Human Rights Watch, the Natives are deprived of the right to safe drinking water, and police mistreat and abuse indigenous women and girls.

Bashi also says the U.S. is misusing its influence to allow its allies, such as Israel, to commit crimes.

 The following is the text of the interview:

Q: Certain Western states have a bad record in view of human rights, so are these countries entitled to condemn other countries?

  A: I think the fact that all authorities abuse human rights do not disqualify any particular government from raising human rights issues with others. Certainly, the best way to encourage respect for human rights is to lead by example, and every government in the world that has invested more energy in improving in own human rights record could be more credible to criticize other government who may not be; but at the same time I think it is always legitimate to raise the issue of human rights abuses and we should make sure that we are holding our governments accountable to universal standards of human rights as articulated by international instruments.

“We should make sure that we are holding our governments accountable to universal standards of human rights as articulated by international instruments,” the consultant for Democracy in the Arab World Now (DAWN) says. Q: When it comes to Israeli crimes against Palestinians, why do countries like Canada and the U.S. give full support to Tel-Aviv? How is it possible that Israel wins such support?

A: I think lack of accountability for Israeli violations of human rights and international law against Palestinians reflects a weakness in accountability of the international system.

Unfortunately, the UN Security Council cannot act in the Israel-Palestine case because of the veto power of powerful members, especially the United States, while other mechanisms of accountability such as the International Criminal Court are struggling to have jurisdiction over war crimes committed in Palestine. So we have a lot of work to do in obtaining a stronger mechanism of accountability, and the fact that Israel enjoys such a strong military and financial support from the United States reflects a distorted political system in which the U.S. as a superpower is using its significant influence to allow its allies to commit abuses.

Q: Why is Canada not really concerned about human rights violations when it clinches arms deals with a value of 15 billion dollars with Saudi Arabia? Is it justifiable to say that Canada is not aware that these weapons are used against children and women in Yemen?

A: Canada, like all countries, has a responsibility to ensure that it does not violate human rights or international humanitarian law including in its military deals; so selling weapons to actors who are committing war crimes in Yemen will be a violation of Canada’s obligations and certainly, the Canadian government and the Canadian people have a responsibility to ensure that their foreign policy respects human rights and does not contribute to war crimes. 

Q: Washington has imposed harsh sanctions on Iran that are hampering Iran’s access to medicine. At such a hard time, countries like Canada have been cooperating with Washington in pushing ahead with its unilateral sanctions by refusing to sell humanitarian goods to Iran.  What is your comment?

 A: Unfortunately, the United States and Canada support human rights selectively, and the United States, in particular, has not done nearly enough to call out its allies for human rights abuses. At DAWN, we believe that U.S. policy should be consistent. So the same standard in terms of respecting human rights that are applied towards Iran should also be applied towards Israel and every other country because these are universal standards of how government should treat the people under their control.

Q: Why have Western countries, especially Canada and the U.S., preferred to turn a blind eye to Khashoggi’s murder while they knew that Mohammed bin Salman was directly responsible for that crime? How could Saudis distract attention away from their crimes and influence human rights bodies in the UN?

A: I think the lack of accountability for the murder of Jamal Khashoggi reflects a weakness in the system of international politics and especially the United States, which is selling Saudi Arabia billions of dollars in the arms trade and providing diplomatic cover that allows the Saudi government to act with impunity. The lack of accountability for Jamal Khashoggi’s murder regarding the role of Mohammad Bin Salman indicates that real change is needed. What is encouraging is that in the United States, there is pressure not just from the American people but also in the American Congress seeking accountability, and I remind that the U.S. Congress has required the federal government to provide information about those responsible for Jamal Khashoggi’s murder in the form of a DNI (Director of National Intelligence) report that was to be published last year. Unfortunately, the Trump administration has ignored that mandate and refused to release the report.  The refusal is the subject of litigation in U.S. courts, and we hope that the incoming administration will follow the law and do what Congress has required, which is to reveal what American intelligence services know about the murder of Jamal Khashoggi. 

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Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine (12- 18 November 2020)

Source

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12 – 18 November 2020

  • In 101 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 77 civilians arrested, including 5 children
  • Annexation and settlement expansion: Israel issues calls for tenders for the construction of 1,365 settlement units
  • IOF demolished 5 houses and confiscated 6 tractors; several establishments in the West Bank and East Jerusalem served demolition notices
  • Settler-attacks: settlers steal 20 sheep in Ramallah and assault a child in Hebron
  • IOF established 80 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 16 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, the Israeli Ministry of Construction and Housing and the Israel Lands Authority issued a call for tenders for construction of 1,257 settlement units in “Givat Hamatos” settlement, which was established on the lands of Beit Safafa village, southern occupied East Jerusalem. These units would connect “Gilo” and “Har Homa” settlements with “Talpiot” settlement.

The construction of these settlement units would seal off Bethlehem from Beit Safafa village and southern occupied East Jerusalem and will entail further restrictions and obstacles on Palestinians’ freedom of movement and access to their lands.

This Israeli bidding was released 4 days after Israel’s approval to construct 108 settlement units in “Ramat Shlomo” settlement, northern occupied East Jerusalem. With these two bids, Israel is resuming construction in two settlements, where expansion efforts were frozen in 2014 due to international pressures. These tenders coincide with escalated IOF demolition and confiscation of Palestinian properties and lands, particularly in Area “C” in the West Bank.

PCHR fears that Israeli intends to accelerate settlement expansion before President-elect Joe Biden assumes US presidency on 20 January 2021, as it is reported that Israel plans to approve the construction of at least 13,000 settlement units in occupied East Jerusalem.

This week, PCHR documented 215 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

Twelve Palestinian civilians, including 2 children, sustained wounds in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank: 6 were wounded, including one child who lost sight in his eye due to his injury, in an IOF raid into Qalandiya refugee camp in Jerusalem; 3 others sustained wounds in IOF raid into Qaddura refugee camp in Ramallah; and 2 others, including 1 child, in IOF suppression of Kafr Qaddoum’s weekly protest against settlement expansion activities; and a photojournalist was wounded while covering clashed in Hebron.

In the Gaza Strip, 4 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip, and once against fishing boats, western Gaza. Israeli war planes launched an airstrike on a vacant land in eastern Rafah.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 101 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 77 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children. In Gaza, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Khan Younis.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 15 incidents, including:

  • Bethlehem: house foundations, a retaining wall and concrete floor demolished in Beit Jala; one house and heritage sites razed, as well as a retaining wall and farm road in al-Walaja ; tractor confiscated in Tuqu’; and an agricultural barracks, a house, and a water well demolished in Artas.
  • Tubas: 5 tractors and excavator confiscated; room and pool demolished; a tin-plated barracks that is used for shelter was dismantled in the northern Jordan valleys.
  • East Jerusalem: call for tenders for the construction of hundreds of settlement units; 4 commercial barracks demolished and 2 houses self-demolished in Jabel Mukaber
  • Hebron: settlement road constructed, and 8 demolition notices served in Yatta.
  • Nablus: an under-construction facility was demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented two settler-violence incidents: 20 sheep stolen from north-eastern Ramallah; and a child was assaulted in Hebron.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 02:20 on Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF backed my military vehicles moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah.  They stationed in Wadi al-Sheikh area, where the soldiers deployed between the neighborhoods.  Some of them raided Mo’atasem Zibar’s (22) house while dozens of Palestinian young men gathered to throw stones at the IOF infantry forces.  The soldiers fired sound bombs and teargas canisters randomly at the stone-throwers and between houses.  As a result, some stone-throwers suffocated.  The clashes continued until 04:30 when IOF withdrew and deliberately collided Najjab al-Barghouthi’s black Ford car that was parked on the roadside, causing damage to the backside of it.

Over the last few days, Kobar has witnessed several house raids and incursions by the IOF that included searches of Zibar family houses and others. Many members of the family were detained and arrested to put pressure on former prisoner Raed Yousif Zibar to surrender himself. It should be noted that Mo’atasem is the former prisoner’s nephew.

  • At approximately 07:00, IOF attacked an elderly man, Mohammed ‘Abdel Hamid Jaber Sleibi (74), from Beit Ummar, north of Hebron, when he was with his daughters in their land in Wadi Abu al-Rish in western Beit Ummar to harvest olives.  As a result, he sustained bruises.

Sleibi said to PCHR fieldworker that:

“I went in the morning with my daughters to my land in Wad Abu al-Rish area in western Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, to harvest olives. As my land is located near Beit Ein settlement that was established in the 1980s, it has always been subject to settlers’ continuous attacks.  Around half an hour after arriving, 4 IOF soldiers approached and ordered us to leave.  I told them that I would call the Israeli Military Liaison to inform them about my presence in the land.  One of the soldiers then came to push me and I fell on the ground.  He started beating me with riffles’ butts on my right side.  My daughters ran to me and started screaming at the soldiers, who insisted we leave the land.  we went back home but I felt pain in my right side.  Later, I filed a complaint to the Israeli police about what happened.”

  • At approximately 13:20, IOF stationed inside the Israel-Gaza border, eastern Khan Younis, opened fire at the agricultural lands and bird hunters in eastern Khuza’a adjacent to the border.  No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Ramallah towards Qaddura Refugee Camp in the city center.  IOF stationed at the entrance to the camp and patrolled the streets.  A number of Palestinian young men gathered to throw stones at the soldiers, who chased them and started shooting live bullets and firing teargas canisters.  As a result, 3 civilians sustained bullet injuries in the lower extremities and were taken by a Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS) ambulance to Palestine Medical Complex in the City.  IOF later withdrew from the city, and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00, villagers from Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus, and representatives of the National Action Factions in Nablus organized a peaceful protest, which started from the village council heading to the lands under threat of confiscation east of the village.  The protesters raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers, annexation wall and the Deal of Century.  When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. IOF suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF stationed inside the Gaza-Israel border fence, east of al-Bureij, central Gaza Strip, opened fire at the agricultural lands.  No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area and clashed with them, firing live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a 17-year-old child was injured with teargas canister in the waist, and another 18-year-old was injured with a teargas canister in the head.
  • At approximately 13:00, Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyah area in central Hebron and threw stones and empty bottles at the checkpoint, known as Checkpoint 56 and established at the entrance to the closed Shuhadaa’ Street leading to Tel Rumeida area. IOF stepped out of their vehicles and stationed behind cement cubes, firing teargas canisters randomly in the area.  They chased the stone-throwers on Wad al-Tofah Street and the area near Mahrouqat Hassounah Court.  As a result, a photojournalist, Hazem Jamil Ragheb Bader, was injured with a sound bomb in the right leg and treated on the spot by another journalist, who was present to cover the events.  Bader was then taken in his car to al-Ahli Hospital, where it was found that the injury caused a calf muscle tear. The clashes continued until 16:00; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 16:20, Palestinian young men gathered at the northern entrance to al-Bireh.  Some of them approached al-Mahkamah Military Checkpoint established near “Beit El” settlement, north of al-Bireh and threw stones at the checkpoint.  The soldiers chased the stone-throwers and fired teargas canisters and sound bombs at them.  As a result, a number of them suffocated due to teargas inhalation. The clashes continued until 18:00, but no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:15 on Saturday, 14 November 2020, IOF gunboats stationed off al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, sporadically opened heavy fire at them, causing fear and panic among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 05:00 on Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF warplanes launched 4 missiles at a vacant land near the area where the former Gaza International airport was located, eastern al-Shokah village, east of Rafah. no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF stationed adjacent to the annexation wall established on al-Midya village lands, west of Ramallah, randomly fired teargas canisters and sound bombs at the Palestinian workers, who were trying to enter Israel for work.  As a result, 2 civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 18:30 on Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF stationed inside the Gaza-Israel border fence, east of al-Maghazi, central Gaza Strip, opened fire at the agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:00, an IOF infantry unit moved into al-Thaher area, south of Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, where “Karmei Tzur” settlement is established on the Palestinian lands.  IOF soldiers deployed in the agricultural lands and when they approached houses, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones.  The soldiers chased the young men and fired teargas canisters and sound bombs randomly at them.  As a result, some of the young men suffocated due to teargas inhalation while IOF arrested Aysar Mohammed Za’aqiq (17) and took him to the IOF camp in the settlement.
  • At approximately 13:30 on Tuesday, 17 November 2020, large numbers of Israeli forces stormed Kafr ‘Aqab village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They stationed along Jerusalem – Ramallah Road, adjacent to Qalandiya refugee camp, set military checkpoints, checked civilians’ ID cards, deployed the village neighborhoods, and gave fines to the passersby, who do not wear face masks. Large numbers of Israeli soldiers raided commercial shops and imposed big fines on their owners, alleging that they did not commit with the Israeli government instruction to combat the outbreak of corona virus. In the meantime, young men gathered at the entrance to Qalandiya refugee camp and threw stones, fireworks, and Molotov Cocktails at IOF, causing the injury of one Israeli soldier. An Israeli force immediately stormed the camp and fired live ammunition, rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors and clashed with civilians for 2 hours. As a result, the window shield of 9 vehicles was smashed. Furthermore, 6 civilians, including a child, were shot with rubber bullets. They were transferred to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah. The child was directly shot in his eye with a rubber bullet, and he lost sight as a result of that. Dozens of civilians also suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. The wounded civilians were identified as: Bashar Ahmed Elian Hamad (16), Yusuf Mohammed Taha Abu Latifa, Mohammed Fayez Ya’qoub, Mohammed Sami Mtair, Mahmoud Khalid Hamad, and Jadallah Husam Obeid.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Wednesday, 18 November 2020, IOF stationed inside the Gaza-Israel border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at the agricultural lands, east of al-Fukhari town, adjacent to the fence.  No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:30, IOF backed by military vehicles stormed Tuba village in Masafer Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers searched civilians’ houses. In the meantime, Ahmed Omer Mohammed Jendiyah (27), a volunteer at the Israeli Information Center for Human Right in the Occupied Territory, arrived at the scene to document the incident. Israeli soldiers attacked him by heavily beating him. They pushed him into the ground and confiscated his camera. Half an hour later, the soldiers returned the camera to Ahmed and ordered him to leave the area.
  • At approximately 14:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in al-Tawil Mountain area, east of al-Birah. They threw stones at the Israeli checkpoint established near “Psagot” settlement, which is established on lands, east of the city. Israeli soldiers chased stone-throwers in the area and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.

II. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 12 November 2020:

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Abdullah Bassam Abu Ghannam (21) and Hasan Yasin Hmaidi (19) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Abdul Aziz Mutair (21) and Anas Shaher al-Khatib (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:50, IOF moved into Nur Shams refugee camp in Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Samer Mahmoud Jaber (21).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Majed Salem Abu Zahra’s (36) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Nablus. North of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Obada Saher Abu Sir (21).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Saf street and al-Fawaghera neighborhood in Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Emad Ali al-Harimi (19) and Jebril Khalil Kawazba (25) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beita village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ayoub Riyad Bani Shamasnah (23).
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested ‘Areen Haitham al-Za’aneen (25), from Wadi al-Juz, while present near al-Asbat Gate area in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and took him to al-Qishla investigation center. The following evening, IOF released him with a 1-week bn on entry to al-Aqsa Mosque and order to return for investigation after this period. It should be noted that Za’aneen is a paramedic in the Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS) and a former prisoner who was released less than a month ago.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into al-Sharea al-Jadid area in al-Tur neighborhood, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Abdul Rahman Eyad al-Hidra’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Sa’ir and Samu in Hebron governorate; Jenin and Beit Dajan, northeast of Nablus; Jayyous, north of Qalqiliya; and Azun, east of Qalqiliya. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 13 November 2020:

  • At approximately 03:20, IOF moved into Askar refugee camp, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Nahed al-Nadi (25).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Jayyous village, northeast of Qaqiliya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Yazeed Jehad Slim (21).
  • At approximately 11:43, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They arrested ‘Aqeel Es’eed ‘Afif Moqbel (19), from the abovementioned village, and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF detained Mo’ath Abu ‘Arafa (32), after going out of the Aqsa Mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in al- Qishla police station on the next Sunday.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the main street between Nablus and Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They arrested Ra’ed Mohammed Qar’an (25), from Qalqilya.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Hableh village, south of Qalqilya, south of the West Bank. They arrested Fahmi Khaled ‘Attal (17), from the abovementioned village.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed at al-Zaytouna military checkpoint, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Omar Hasan Nofal, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 18:45, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Bizzariya village, northwest of Nablus. They arrested Waleed Issam Asfour (26), from Nour Shams refugee camp, east of Tulkarm. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Silwad, east of Ramallah governorate; and Salim village, northeast of Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 14 November 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Alaa’ Mahmoud Younis Thawabta’s (19) house and arrested him. At approximately 16:00, IOF stormed the house again and arrested his brother, ‘Ammar (15).
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF arrested one of the Palestinian National Security Forces’ soldiers, Monjed Salama Debis (23), while passing through a temporary military checkpoint established on the entrance of Beit Jala village. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Burin, southeast of Nablus; Arraba, southwest of Jenin; al- Dhahiriya, Beit Ummar, and Edhna villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 15 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in Wad al-Hareya area. They raided and searched Anas Hatem Qfaisha’s (29) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched Ameer Sa’eed Abu Hadid’s (34) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the road that connected Nablus with villages located to the southeast of Nablus. They arrested Mahmoud Saleem Yamien (45), from Nablus, and took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Dura and al-Dhahiriya in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 16 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Wadi Qadum neighborhood in Silwan, southeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Obada Nidal Dandis’s (25) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Obada is a former prisoner who spent 50-months in the Israeli prisons and released in 2018.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahl village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Osaid Sabri al-Zuhour (29), and Izz al-Dein Ibrahim Shihada (30).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron and stationed near the UNRWA distribution center. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Basem Haitham al-Badawi (17), and Waleed Abdul Latif Jawabra (25).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Sa’ir village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mousa Shaker Jabarin’s house and arrested his two sons: Wael (32) and Mohammed (28).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Haitham Nasim Khwais (20), Ameer Maher Abu Jom’a (25), and Fareed Eyad Abu al-Hawa (19).
  • At approximately 04:30, a group of Mista’arvim (Israeli Special Unit dressed like Palestinians) sneaked into Kobar village, north of Ramallah governorate. They used a white vehicle with a Palestinian registration plate and holding the name of “Brothers Transportation” and stationed at the main roundabout in the center of the village. Meanwhile, 8 Israeli military vehicles stormed to provide protection to the Special Units; they surrounded, raided and searched Mo’taz Mohammed Mahmoud Zibar (26) and Yehya Hussam al-Barghouthi’s (32) houses, and arrested them.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into ‘Anata village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Mousa Jamal Salama (23), Yousef (21) and his brother Mohammed Mahmoud Hilwa (24).
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed at the entrance of Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, arrested Baha’ Bassam al-‘Allami (18), and Mahmoud Ahmed al-‘Allami (18), while present near the military watchtower, claiming that they were throwing stones at the tower. IOF took them to the detention center of “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed at Inab military checkpoint, east of Tulkarm, arrested Samir Raja Ahmed al-Khateeb (31), from al-Far’a refugee camp, south of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, arrested Mahmoud Hammad Shraiteh (43), from Yatta in Hebron governorate, while passing through the checkpoint. He was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF arrested the deputy mayor of al-Izariya village, Mohammed Hasan Mattar (41), while passing through a military checkpoint on the entrance of the abovementioned village. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

Tuesday, 17 November 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Sa’ir, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Khalil Sa’eed al-Faroukh’s (27) house in the center of the village and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Jaba’ village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nayef Khalil Khamamera (38).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Birzeit village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ya’ad Abu Ayyash (21), a student at Birzeit University, and Yousef Mousa Hosha (57).
  • At approximately 02:35, IOF moved into Deir al-Hatab village, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mahmoud Abdullah al-Namrouti’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:45, IOF moved into ‘Askar refugee camp, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Mohammed Ashraf Azmi al-‘Ashibi’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into al-Masaken al-Sha’biya neighborhood, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Mohammed Omar Hashash’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Akram Mo’een Johar’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Karkafa area in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Abdul Rahim Faraj Salhab’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians; Majd Marwan Dari (19), Mohammed Emad Dari (19), Wadea’ Tawfiq Abu al-Hums (27), and Mahmoud Omar Ghrayyeb (28).
  • At approximately 07:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and bulldozers moved 100-meters to the east of al-Fukhary village, east of Khan Younis. They leveled and combed lands along the border fence then redeployed after hours.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF stationed at the Container military checkpoint, north of Bethlehem, arrested Mahmoud Hammad Shraiteh (21), from al-Karmel area in Yatta, south of Hebron governorate, while heading to Ramallah.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF stormed and searched one of the stores in Qalandiya refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem, and arrested Ibrahim (36) and his brother Abdullah al-Mallah (30).
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Bab al-Asbat road in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched As’ad Ali ‘Ajaj’s (44) house and arrested him.

Ali Ajaj, the detainee’s father, said that he was surprised to see huge numbers of the Israeli soldiers storming his house without knowing the reason. They searched the house and the ID cards of all the people in the house and then took his son, As’ad, to an investigation center. It should be noted that As’ad ‘Ajaj was banned from entering al-Aqsa Mosque for 6 months, and he was detained several times from inside the mosque.

  • At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohannad Naser Mahmoud’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF severely beaten and arrested Naseem Harbi Obaid (23), while present near al-Arba’in Mosque in the center of the Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. He was taken to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Sanur, southeast of Jenin; Yatta and Tarqumiyah villages in Hebron governorate; and al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 18 November 2020:

  • At approximately 12:30, IOF moved into Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Yehya Jamal Sowah (20), Rami Samir Abu Samra (35), and Abdullah Khader Rasras (35).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Tulkarm refugee camp, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Adnan Ahmed Khader al-Hosari (53).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hamada Mohammed Sarahna (17), and the policeman in the Palestinian Police Services, Mahmoud Abdul Karim Hamash (35), and arrested them. It should be noted that Hamash was a former prisoner who spent a year and half under the administrative detention in al-Naqab al-Sahrawi prisons “Ktsi’ot” and released in April 2019.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm refugee camp, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mathna Fo’ad Raba’ (24), from Jabal Abu Taqa in Tulkarm.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Nasib Mohammed Obaid’s (48) house and arrested his son, Mohammed (20).
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed at Mavi Dutan military checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Mahmoud Mohammed Nazzal (22), from Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. He was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, arrested Ala’ Omar Zakarna (21), from Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. He was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:30, IOF arrested 2 Palestinians while referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem after summonsing them. The arrestees are: Ra’ed Khalil al-‘Amour (42) and Maher Nabil Tarawa (29), from Taqu’, east of Bethlehem.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Sebastiya, northwest of Nablus; Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin; and Beit Rima, northwest of Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • On Thursday morning, 12 November 2020, Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished a house foundation, a retaining wall, and a concrete floor in Beit Jala, under the pretext of building without a license. Hasan Brijiyah, Head of the Popular Anti-Settlement Committee in Bethlehem, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that a number of Israeli bulldozers stormed Beit Jala amid tight security measures and started demolishing foundations of Nicolas Awad’s under-construction house in Beir Ounah neighborhood. IOF also demolished a retaining wall and a concrete land owned by Monther al-Walaji in al-Jadawel area in the center of Beit Jala.
  • At approximately 06:00 on the same Thursday, IOF demolished a house and a number of archeological remains and retaining walls. IOF also leveled an agricultural land in Ein al-Juweizah are, northeast of al-Walaja, northwest of Bethlehem, under the pretext of building without licensing.

Khader al-A’raj, Head of al-Walaja Village Council, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that an Israeli force accompanied with a bulldozer stormed Ein neighborhood, northeast of the village, and demolished an under-construction house and retaining wall owned by Mohammed Abu al-Haija under the pretext of building without a license. Al-A’raj clarified that IOF demolished Abu al-Haija house that is built on (120sqm) for the third consecutive time. He added that IOF demolished 2 archeological remains, that were previously restored, owned by Abu al-Tin family. IOF also demolished an agricultural road that lead to Khelat al-Hour area; the road is used by farmers to reach their lands. For years, al-Walaja village is subjected to recurrent attacks by settlers represented in demolishing dozens of houses and handing demolition and halt the work notifications and leveling lands and retaining wall in favor of settlement expansion. It should be noted that Ein al-Weijah area is one of the areas that are mostly targeted with demolition processes under the pretext of non-licensing as the Israeli municipality in occupied Jerusalem considers the land affiliated to it and it prevent construction in it. Therefore, half of the area residences are threatened to be expelled out of their houses.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Friday13 November 2020, Israeli authorities started paving a settlement road that is A new settlement road that extends from the Bypass Road (60) through civilians’ lands in Ma’in village, and reaches Avigal settlement established on Palestinian confiscated lands, east of Yatta, south of  Hebron. The lands are owned to al-Hamamdah family. IOF imposed severe restrictions on civilians, which prevent them from using or reclaiming it under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C) as work in it requires a previous permit from the Israeli Civil Administration Office that do not allow civilians to use or retrieve their lands.
  •  On Friday evening, 13 November 2020, IOF sized an agricultural tractor and forced its owner to leave his land in Tuqu village, east of Bethlehem at gunpoint. 

Tayseer Abu Mefreh, Head of Tuqu Village Council, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF stormed al-Arabiya area, north of the village, and forced Mahmoud Hasan al-Sabbah to leave is land while he was plowing it. IOF confiscated his tractor. Abu Mefreh added that al-Sabbah plows and saws his plant each year and owns the deeds to the land.

  • At approximately 14:30 on Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF stormed al-Rawq area, east of Kherbat al-Haidiya in Jordan’s northern valleys, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. They confiscated 4 tractors; three of them belong to Jamal Mohammed Qasem Bani Ouda, while the fourth belongs to Yusuf Husein Asmar Basha, both are from the abovementioned Kherba. IOF confiscated the tractors under the pretext of illegal work in Area (C).
  • On the same Sunday, the Israeli Ministry of Construction and Housing and the Land Authority issued a call for tenders for construction of 1,257 settlement units in “Givat Hamatos” settlement, which was established on the lands of Beit Safafa village, southern occupied East Jerusalem. These units would connect “Gilo” and “Har Homa” settlements with “Talpiot” settlement.

The construction of these settlement units would seal off Bethlehem from Beit Safafa village and southern occupied East Jerusalem and will entail further restrictions and obstacles on Palestinians’ freedom of movement and access to their lands.

It should be noted that “Givat Hamatos” settlement is a neighborhood of temporary housing projects, built on an area of 170 dunums and bordered by “Talpiot” settlement from the north and “Gilo” settlement from the south, and Beit Safafa village from the west. “Givat Hamatos” is considered among the last areas of open lands in Jerusalem that fall adjacent to the 1967 border line; it is a rocky land with few demolished buildings and mostly abandoned trailers. Consequently, the Israeli announcement carries greater significance than it shows, it is not merely the creation of new residential units in a settlement as it appears; in fact, it would be the first new Israeli neighborhood to be established on the 1967 border-line in East Jerusalem in the last 20 years.

The Israeli government had previously conducted such a construction in 1997, when “Har Homa” settlement was first established only two days after signing the first Hebron Protocol with Palestinians. Nowadays, “Har Homa” settlement houses more than 50,000 settlers.

This Israeli bidding was released 4 days after Israel’s approval to construct 108 settlement units in “Ramat Shlomo” settlement, northern occupied East Jerusalem. With these two bids, Israel is resuming construction in two settlements, where expansion efforts were frozen in 2014 due to international pressures.

These tenders coincide with escalated IOF demolition and confiscation of Palestinian properties and lands, particularly in Area “C” in the West Bank.

  • At approximately 07:00 on Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF bulldozers demolished an agricultural barracks, a residential house, and a water well in Khelat al-Nahlah area in Artas village, south of Bethlehem under the pretext of non-licensing.

Hasan Brijiyah, Head of the Popular Anti-Settlement Committee in Bethlehem, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF demolished a house inhabited with 5 individuals and built on an area of (80sqm) owned by Mohammed Romi, who have official document of his property. Brijiyah clarified that the Israeli bulldozers demolished a water well, adjacent to the abovementioned house and then leveled large areas. He added that Israeli authorities notified Romi three times before demolishing his house. Brijiyah mentioned that IOF also demolished an agricultural barrack owned by Mahmoud Shuweiki before their withdrawal from the area.

It should be noted that Khelat al-Nahlah area is a high hill where Israeli settlers established their mobile houses for several years and they are secured by an Israeli military force around the clock. Despite that these lands’ owners filed a judicial complaint at the Israeli District Court in Jerusalem, which issued a decision for settlers to evacuate; the Israeli authorities encourage settlers’ existence and protect them for the importance of the area. IOF seek to empty this area from Palestinians and seize it to expand the boundaries of “Efrat” settlement established in the south of Bethlehem and connect it with “Tuqu’” settlement established on the east side of Bethlehem. It should be noted that Khelat al-Nahla area is located between “Efrat” settlement and “Givat Eitam” settlement outpost established in Khelat al-Qutun nearby area.

Khelat al-Nahla area and Tuqu’ village fall within the Israeli Plan (E2), which is a settlement project aiming at isolating Bethlehem from the southern countryside and from southern West Bank. This isolation can be done by linking “Efrat” settlement with “Tuqu’” settlement by the road of “Givat Eitam” settlement outpost. According to the project, Israeli authorities will seize control of over 1182 dunums as they have already announced building 2500 settlement units in this area to complete isolate Bethlehem from other cities.

  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF accompanied with Civil and Administration vehicle and a bulldozer stormed al-Dowar area, west of Deir Sharaf village, west of Nablus, north of the West Bank. The bulldozer demolished an under-construction facility built on an area of (350sqm) under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The facility, which is a store’s floor and pillars is owned by Fares Montaser Abdul Jabbar Yaseen, from Asira ash-Shamaliya village, north of Nablus.
  • At the same time, IOF demolished a number of industrial facilities at the intersection of ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of building without a license.

Taha al-Refa’i, Head of Anata village, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that a large Israeli force accompanied with bulldozers stormed Anata village’s main street from the eastern side ad closed the intersection in both sides in front of civilians’ vehicles. They demolished 2 commercial barracks owned by Salem and Adeeb al-Qawasmah, 2 other commercial barracks that includes vegetables stall, a barrack, a fence that surrounds 2-dunum land and includes a shop selling spare parts owned by Mohammed Ibrahim Helwah.

On 10 November 2020, Israeli authorities demolished a carwash, a barrack, and a wall in Anata village. The process of demolishing commercial facilities recently is part of IOF’s constant violations against Palestinian civilians and their property in the area. Israeli Construction Supervisory Committee revealed recently that it will issue new tenders within a few weeks for the construction of new settlement units under plan 23185/a. This new settlement project, if implemented, would completely seal off the eastern area of occupied East Jerusalem and would encircle (Anata, At-Tur, Hizma) areas to deny any future expansion possibilities towards the east.

  • At the same time, Mohammed Qanbar and his son Atiyah implemented the Israeli Municipality’s decision and self-demolished their houses under the pretext of building without licensing. Mohammed stated to PCHR that he and his son had to demolish their houses after the Israeli police arrived at the place several times and ordered them to do that or the municipality staff  will implement the demolition decision and will force them to pay the demolition costs estimated at NIS 100,000. Qanbar clarified that he received a demolition notice 3 months ago and his lawyer managed to delay the demolition process until 10 November 2020, during which the lawyer applied to license the house; however, the municipality did not consider the application. Qanbar pointed out that he and his wife and 2 children lived in the house for 7 years in addition to his son’s family, who lived in a nearby house. Both houses were built on an area of 170sqm.
  • At approximately 10:11, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle and 2 bulldozers stormed Atouf Palin, east of Tammun village in Jordan’s northern valleys, north of the West Bank. A bulldozer demolished a residential room built of concrete and zingo sheets on an area of (40sqm) owned by Rami Bani Ouda, from Atouf village, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The same Israeli force stormed Furush Beit Dajan village, adjacent to Jordan’s central valleys. The bulldozer demolished a250-cubic meter water pool owned by Khalousi Abdul Rahim Haj Mohammed, from Furush Beit Dajan village. The pool was built of tin-plates and was funded by the European Union and was present in the land for more than 15 years.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF backed by a military vehicle and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle stormed Masafer area in Yatta, south of Hebron. The Civil Administration officer handed 4 military notices with No. 1797 to demolish facilities within 96 hours under the pretext of illegal construction, and they were as follows:
Affected PersonFacilityDescriptionDistanceArea
Jamil Mahmoud al-AmourbathroomTin plates and bricks1sqmSarourah
Hatem Mahmoud MakhamrahAgricultural roomTin plates and bricks20sqmAl-Mofaqera
Rasmi Yusuf Abu ArarmresidenceTin plates and bricks50sqmAl-Rakiz
Service CouncilWater supply systempipes—-Safi al-Fuqa

It should be noted that IOF based this demolition on Military Order No. 1797 of 2018, which allows the “building inspector” at the Israeli Civil Administration, to issue a demolition/removal order on any construction that is not completed within 6 months, or has been occupied for less than 30 days after the inspector’s visit. This type of notices deprives Palestinians of their right to defend their houses and facilities, as the High Court of Israel refuses any petitions made to freeze or cancel such notices. Furthermore, demolition notices based on Military Order No. 1797 deprive citizens from applying for licensing their targeted buildings.

  • At approximately 13:50, IOF stormed Atouf Plain, east of Tammun village, southeast of Tubas in Jjordan’s northern valleys, north of the West bank. IOF confiscated a digger owned by Ayman Rabah Gharib Bani Ouda, from Tammun village. Ayman was paving an agricultural road in favor of the village council. IOF confiscated the digger under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle, a number of staffs, and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Farsiya, east of Tubas in Jordan’s northern valleys, north of the West Bank.  The staff dismantled a residential barracks roofed with tin-plates and steel pillars on an area of 40sqm in addition to a bathroom and confiscated them. IOF also confiscated a 2cubic-meter water tank funded by “ACTED” organization. IOF claimed that the demolition of the water tank and barracks owned by Radad Hamed Rezeq Daraghmah, from Kherbat al-Faresiya, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).

The same Israeli force stormed Um al-Jamal village in Joedan’s northern valleys as the staff started to dismantle an arbor built of steel and shader sheets built by activists to protect children and civilians from rains. IOF claimed that the demolition was due to illegal construction in Area (C).

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 20:00 on Friday, 13 November 2020, a group of settlers from “”Sons of Hills” group moved from the Israeli new settlement ourpost established east of At-Tayba village, northeast of  Ramallah, and attacked Ka’abna Bedouin Community in the village’s outskirts. The settler sneaked into the livestock barrack and stole about 20 sheep aged between 6 months and 2 years, owned by Farah Ibrahim al-Ka’abna. After that settlers returned to the settlement outpost.
  • It should be noted that settlers, who called themselves “Sons of Hills” established the settlement outpost in 2019 on Palestinians’ lands, east of al-Tyba village, on an area of 9 dunums. The settlement is about 200 meters far away from “Rimonim” settlement established on the village lands.
  • At approximately 13:30 on Wednesday, 18 November 2020, a settler from “Ramat Yishai” settlement outpost established on Palestinians’ confiscated lands in Tal al-Ramidiyah neighborhood in the center of Hebron, attacked Haitham Tayseer Abu Aishah (15) and punched him on his face while Haitham was on his way home with his father. When Haitham’s father attempted to move the settler away from his son, an Israeli soldier approached him and punched on his back, so, he fell on the ground. After that, Israeli back-ups arrived at the area as Haitham returned home with his father. Later on, Abu Aishah filed a complaint at the Israeli police.

V. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 80 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 16 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday evening, 12 November 2020, established a checkpoint at the Biddu village’s tunnel.
  • On Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem.
  •  On Wednesday, 18 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Al Jib village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at Tuqu, al-Khader, and Beit Fajjar villages, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints the northern and western entrances to Tuqu, Husan, and Tuqu villages, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Saturday, 14 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Marah Rabah villages and near “’Osh Ghurab” area, east of Beit Sahour village, and at Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Beit Jala, Tuqu, Marah Rabah villages in Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the northern and western entrance to Tuqu village, entrance to Maah Rabah village, and Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 17 November 2020, established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Tuqu and Husan villages and near al-Nashash area, south of the city.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints under the bridge of ‘Atara village, north of Ramallah, and at the entrance to  Ein Yabrud village, east of Ramallah.
  • On Wednesday, 18 November 2020, IOF closed the northern entrance to al-Bira, leading to Jalazone refugee camp, and north of Ramallah. The soldiers searched Palestinian civilians’’ vehicles, checked their ID cards, and obstructed the traffic movement. The closure continued for 3  and half hours.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Fasayil village, north of Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 14 November 2020, IOF tightened its military measures at “Al-Hamra” checkpoint, north of Jericho, obstructed the traffic movement for civilians, and checked their ID card and established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Nablus – Tubas road, northeast of Nablus.
  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Majdal Bani Fadil village, and al-Bathan road linking between Nablus and Tubas.
  • On Saturday, 14 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Shavei Shomron settlement, west of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Asira ash-Shamaliya village, and at Einabus village square.
  • On Monday, 16 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Shavei Shomron settlement (the road linking between Nablus and Jenin).

Jenin:

  • On Sunday, 15 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kufeirit village, southwest of Jenin.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at Sa’ir and Idhna villages and al-Aroub refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at: Hebron’s southern entrance, Beit Kahel, and Kharsa villages.
  • On Saturday, 14 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at Beit Awwa, al-Hadab, and Surif villages, and al-Aroub refugee camp.
  • On Monday, 15 November 2020, IOF established 6 checkpoints at the Halhoul northern entrance to (Nabi Yunus), Beit Einun, Beit Ummar villages, Hebron’s southern entrance, Yatta and Idhna village.
  • On Tuesday, 17 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at Hebron’s southern entrance (al-Harayeq), ad-Dhahiriya, Beit Ummer, and Bani Na’im villages.
  •  On Wednesday, 18 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at Halhoul southern entrance, and al-Aroub refugee camp, and  ad-Dhahiriya village.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Izbat at-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Friday, 13 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Izbat at-Tabib village, at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya, the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya. These checkpoints were removed; no arrests were reported.

Tulkarm:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of “Innab” settlement, east of Tulkarm.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 12 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrances to Deir Istiya, north of Salfit.

The Secret Agenda of the World Bank and IMF

The Secret Agenda of the World Bank and IMF
Koenig is a Research Associate of the Centre for Research on Globalization.Peter is an economist and geopolitical analyst. He is also a water resources and environmental specialist. He worked for over 30 years with the World Bank and the World Health Organization around the world in the fields of environment and water. He lectures at universities in the US, Europe and South America. He writes regularly for online journals such as Global Research; ICH; New Eastern Outlook (NEO) and more. He is the author of Implosion – An Economic Thriller about War, Environmental Destruction and Corporate Greed – fiction based on facts and on 30 years of World Bank experience around the globe.
Peter is also co-author of Cynthia McKinney’s book “When China Sneezes: From the Coronavirus Lockdown to the Global Politico-Economic Crisis” (Clarity Press – November 1, 2020) Peter

November 17, 2020

by Peter Koenig for the Saker Blog

The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) work hand in glove – smoothly. Not only are they regularly lending huge sums of money to horror regimes around the world, but they blackmail poor nations into accepting draconian conditions imposed by the west.

In other words, the WB and the IMF are guilty of the most atrocious human rights abuses.

You couldn’t tell, when you read above the entrance of the World Bank the noble phrase, “Our Dream is World Free of Poverty”.

To this hypocrisy I can only add, ”…And we make sure it will just remain a dream.” This says both, the lie and the criminal nature of the two International Financial Institutions, created under the Charter of the United Nations, but instigated by the United States.

The front of these institutions is brilliant. What meets the eye, are investments in social infrastructure, in schools, health systems, basic needs like drinking water, sanitation – even environmental protection – over all “Poverty Alleviation”, i.e. A World Free of Poverty. But how fake this is today and was already in the 1970’s and 1980’s is astounding. Gradually people are opening their eyes to an abject reality, of exploitation and coercion and outright blackmail. And that, under the auspices of the United Nations. What does it tell you about the UN system? In what hands are the UN? – The world organization was created in San Francisco, California, on 24 October 1945, just after WWII, by 51 nations, committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights.

The UN replaced the League of Nations which was part of the Peace Agreement after WWI, the Treaty of Versailles. It became effective on 10 January 1920, was headquartered in Geneva Switzerland, with the purpose of disarmament, preventing war through collective security, settling disputes between countries, through negotiation diplomacy and improving global welfare. In hindsight it is easy to see that the entire UN system was set up as a hypocritical farce, making people believe that their mighty leaders only wanted peace. These might leaders were all westerners; the same that less than 20 years after the creation of the noble League of Nations, started World War II.

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This little introduction provides the context for what was eventually to become the UN-backed outgrowth for global theft, for impoverishing nations, around the world, for exploitation of people, for human rights abuses and for shoveling huge amounts of assets from the bottom, from the people, to the oligarchy, the ever-smaller corporate elite – the so-called Bretton Woods Institutions.

In July 1944 more than 700 delegates of 44 Allied Nations (allied with the winners of WWII) met at the Mount Washington Hotel, situated in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, United States, to regulate the international monetary and financial order after WWII. Let’s be sure, this conference was carried out under the auspices of the United States, the self-declared winner of WWII, and from now on forward the master over the financial order of the world – which was not immediately visible, an agenda hidden in plain sight.

The IMF was officially created to ‘regulate’ the wester, so-called convertible currencies, those that subscribed to apply the rules of the new gold standard, i.e. US$ 35 / Troy Ounce (about 31.1 grams). Note that the gold standard, although applicable equally to 44 allied nations was linked to the price of gold nominated in US dollars, not based on a basket of the value of the 44 national currencies. This already was enough reason to question the future system. And how it will play out. But nobody questioned the arrangement. Hard to believe though that of all these national economists, none dared question the treacherous nature of the gold-standard set-up.

The World Bank, or the Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), was officially set up to administer the Marshall Plan for the Reconstruction of war-destroyed Europe. The Marshall Plan was a donation by the United Stated and was named for U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall, who proposed it in 1947. The plan gave $13.2 billion in foreign aid to European countries that had been devastated physically and economically by World War II. It was to be implemented from 1948 to 1952 which of course was much too short a time, and stretched into the early 1960s. In today’s terms the Marshall plan would be worth about 10 time more, or some US$ 135 billion.

The Marshall Plan was and still is a Revolving Fund, paid back by the countries in question, so that it could be relent. The Marshall Plan money was lent out multiple times and was therefore very effective. The European counterpart to the World Bank-administered Marshall Fund was a newly to be created bank set up under the German Ministry of Finance, The German Bank for Reconstruction and Development (KfW – German acronym for Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau”).

KfW, as the World Bank’s European counterpart still exists and dedicates itself mostly to development projects in the Global South, often in cooperation with the World Bank. Today there is still a special Department within KfW that deals exclusively with Marshall Plan Fund money. These funds are used for lending to poor southern regions in Europe, and also to prop up Eastern European economies, and they were used especially to integrate former East-Germany into today’s “Grand Germany”.

Two elements of the Marshall Plan are particularly striking and noteworthy. First, the reconstruction plan created a bind, a dependence between the US and Europe, the very Europe that was largely destroyed by the western allied forces, while basically WWII was largely won by the Soviet Union, the huge sacrifices of the USSR – with an estimated 25 to 30 million deaths. So, the Marshall Plan was also designed as a shield against communist Russia, i.e. the USSR.

While officially the Soviet Union was an ally of the western powers, US, UK, and France, in reality the communist USSR was an arch-enemy of the west, especially the United States. With the Marshall Plan money, the US bought Europe’s alliance, a dependence that has not ended to this day. The ensuing Cold War against the Soviet Union – also all based on flagrant lies, was direct testimony for another western propaganda farce – which to this day, most Europeans haven’t grasped yet.

Second, The US imposition of a US-dollar based reconstruction fund, was not only creating a European dollar dependence, but was also laying the ground work for a singular currency, eventually to invade Europe – what we know today, has become the Euro. The Euro is nothing but the foster child of the dollar, as it was created under the same image as the US-dollar – it is a fiat currency, backed by nothing. The United Europe, or now called the European Union – was never really a union. It was never a European idea, but put forward by US Secret Services in disguise of a few treacherous European honchos. And every attempt to create a United Europe, a European Federation, with a European Constitution, similar to the United States, was bitterly sabotaged by the US, mostly through the US mole in the EU, namely the UK.

The US didn’t want a strong Europe, both economically and possibly over time also militarily (pop. EU 450 million, vs US pop. 330 million; 2019 EU GDP US$ 20.3 trillion equivalent, vs US GDP US$ 21.4 trillion. Most economists would agree that a common currency for a loose group of countries has no future, is not sustainable. In comes the European Central Bank (ECB), also a creation inspired by the FED. The ECB has really no Central Bank function. It is rater a watch dog. Because each EU member country has still her own Central Bank, though with a drastically reduced sovereignty.

Out of the currently 27 EU members only 19 are part of the Euro-zone. Those countries not part of the Eurozone, i.e. Czech Republic, Denmark, Hungary, Sweden – and more, have preserved their sovereign financial policy and do not depend on the ECB. This means, had Greece opted out of the Eurozone when they were hit with the 2008 / 2009 manufactured “crisis”, Greece would now be well on her way to full recovery. They would not have been subject to the whims and dictate of the IMF, the infamous troika, European Commission (EC), ECB and IMF, but could have chosen to arrange their debt internally, as most debt was internal debt, no need to borrow from abroad.

In a 2015 bailout referendum, the Greek population voted overwhelmingly against the bailout, meaning against the new gigantic debt. However, the then Greek President Tsipras, went ahead as if the referendum had never taken place and approved the huge bailout despite almost 70% of the popular vote against it.

This is a clear indication of fraud, that no fair play was going on. Tsipras and / or his families may have been coerced to accept the bailout – or else. We may never know, the true reason why Tsipras sold his people, the wellbeing of the Greek people to the oligarchs behind the IMF and World Bank – and put them into abject misery, with the highest unemployment in Europe, rampant poverty and skyrocketing suicide rates.

Greece may serve as an example on how other EU countries may fare if they don’t “behave” – meaning adhere to the unwritten golden rules of obedience to the international money masters.

This is scary.

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And now, in these times of covid, it is relatively easy. Poor countries, particularly in the Global South, already indebted by the plandemic, are increasing their foreign debt in order to provide their populations with basic needs. Or so they make you believe. Much of the debt accumulated by developing countries is domestic or internal debt, like the debt of the Global North. It doesn’t really need foreign lending institutions to wipe out local debt. Or have you seen one of the rich Global North countries borrowing from the IMF or the World Bank to master their debt? – Hardly.

So why would the Global South fall for it? Part corruption, part coercion, and partly direct blackmail. – Yes, blackmail, one of the international biggest crimes imaginable, being committed by the foremost international UN-chartered financial institutions, the WB and the IMF.

For example, the whole world is wondering how come that an invisible enemy, a corona virus hit all 193 UN member countries at once, so that Dr. Tedros, Director General of WHO, declares on 11 March a pandemic – no reason whatsoever since there were only 4,617 cases globally – but the planned result was a total worldwide lockdown on 16 March 2020. No exceptions. There were some countries who didn’t take it so seriously, like Brazil, Sweden, Belarus, some African countries, like Madagascar and Tanzania – developed their own rules and realized that wearing masks did more harm than good, and social distancing would destroy the social fabric of their cultures and future generations.

But the satanic deep dark state didn’t want anything to do with “independent” countries. They all had to follow the dictate from way above, from the Gates, Rockefellers, Soroses, et al elite, soon to be reinforced by Klaus Schwab, serving as the chief henchman of the World Economic Forum (WEF). Suddenly, you see in Brazil, a drastic surge in new “cases”, no questions asked, massive testing, no matter that the infamous PCR tests are worthless according to most serious scientists (only sold and corrupted scientists, those paid by the national authorities, would still insist on the RT-PCR tests). Bolsonaro gets sick with the virus and the death count increases exponentially – as the Brazilian economy falls apart.

Coincidence?

In comes the World Bank and / or the IMF, offering massive help mostly debt relief, either as grant or as low interest loans. But with massive strings attached: you must follow the rules laid out by WHO, you must follow the rules on testing on vaccination, mandatary vaccination – if you conform to these and other country-specific rules, like letting western corporations tap your natural resources – you may receive, WB and IMF assistance.

Already in May 2020 the World Bank Group announced its emergency operations to fight COVID-19 had already reached 100 developing countries – home to 70% of the world’s population with lending of US$ 160 billion-plus. This means, by today, 6 months later and in the midst of the “Second Wave” the number of countries and the number of loans or “relief’ grants must have increased exponentially, having reached close to the 193 UN member countries. Which explains how all, literally all countries, even the most objecting African countries, like Madagascar and Tanzania, among the poorest of the poor, have succumbed to the coercion or blackmail of the infamous Bretton Woods Institutions.

These institutions have no quarrels in generating dollars, as the dollar is fiat money, not backed by any economy – but can be produced literally from hot air and lent to poor countries, either as debt or as grant. These countries, henceforth and for pressure of the international financial institutions will forever become dependent on the western masters of salvation. Covid-19 is the perfect tool for the financial markets to shovel assets from the bottom to the top.

In order to maximize the concentration of the riches on top, maybe one or two or even three new covid waves may be necessary. That’s all planned, The WEF has already foreseen the coming scenarios, by its tyrannical book “Covid-19 – The Great Reset”. It’s all laid out. And our western intellectuals read it, analyze it, criticize it, but we do not shred it apart – we let it stand, and watch how the word moves in the Reset direction. And the plan is dutifully executed by the World Bank and the IMF – all under the guise of doing good for the world.

What’s different from the World Bank and IMF’s role before the covid plandemic? – Nothing. Just the cause for exploitation, indebtment, enslavement. When covid came along it became easy. Before then and up to the end of 2019, developing countries, mostly rich in natural resources of the kind the west covets, oil, gold, copper and other minerals, such as rare earths, would be approached by the WB, the IMF or both.

They could receive debt relief, so-called structural adjustment loans, no matter whether or not they really needed such debt. Today these loans come in all forms, shapes and colors, literally like color-revolutions, for instance, often as budget support operations – I simply call then blank checks – nobody controls what’s happening with the money. However, the countries have to restructure their economies, rationalizing their public services, privatizing water, education, health services, electricity, highways, railroads – and granting foreign concessions for the exploitation of natural resources.

Most of this fraud – fraud on “robbing” national resources, passes unseen by the public at large, but countries become increasingly dependent on the western paymasters – peoples’ and institutional sovereignty is gone. There is always a corrupter and a corruptee. Unfortunately, they are still omni-present in the Global South. Often, for a chunk of money, the countries are forced to vote with the US for or against certain UN resolutions which are of interest to the US. Here we go – the corrupt system of the UN.

And of course, when the two Bretton Woods organizations were created in 1944, the voting system decided is not one country, one vote as in theory it is in the UN, but the US has an absolute veto right in both organizations. Their voting rights are calculated in function of their capital contribution which derives from a complex formula, based on GDP and other economic indicators. In both institutions the US voting right and also veto right is about 17%. Both institutions have 189 member countries.
—–

Covid has laid bare, if it wasn’t already before, how these “official” international, UN-chartered Bretton Woods financial institutions are fully integrated in the UN system – in which most of the countries still trust, maybe for lack of anything better.

Question, however: What is better, a hypocritical corrupt system that provides the “appearance”, or the abolition of a dystopian system and the courage to create a new one, under new democratic circumstances and with sovereign rights by each participating country?

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (22– 28 October 2020)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (22– 28 October 2020)

22- 28 October 2020

  • IOF assault and murder Palestinian boy near Ramallah
  • 6 Palestinian civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank
  • shootings reported at agricultural lands and 1 other against fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • IOF demolished 5 houses in Jerusalem, and another under-construction house in Jenin; several demolition and cease-construction notices served in Hebron, Bethlehem and Salfit
  • IOF established 53 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 7 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF assaulted and killed a Palestinian child, and wounded 6 Palestinian civilians in excessive use of force. IOF also continued to create new-facts on the ground by maintaining its policy of demolishing, confiscating and razing Palestinian houses and properties for its settlement expansion schemes in the West Bank. Israeli-settler attacks witnessed an increase against farmers and agricultural lands as this time of the year marks the olive harvest season.

This week, PCHR documented 181 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

On Sunday dawn, 25 October 2020, IOF assaulted and killed Amer Snobar (17) near Turmus Ayya, northern Ramallah. While IOF denied assaulting Snobar, an eyewitness who accompanied the murdered child confirmed that Israeli soldiers assaulted him; this was further confirmed by the medical report which determined the cause of death as a blunt trauma to the neck. Also this week, 6 civilians sustained wounds in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank, 5 were wounded in IOF suppression of Kafr Qaddum – Qalqilya weekly protest against settlement expansion; another civilian was shot and wounded with a live bullet prior to his arrest in a raid into Jenin.

In the Gaza Strip, three IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands eastern Khan Younis and Central Gaza; and once at fishing boats off Gaza’s northern sea. Additionally, IOF warplanes launched two airstrikes on vacant lands eastern Khan Younis.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 102 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 81 Palestinians were arrested, including 6 children and a woman.

IOF detained Minister Walid Assaf, head of the National Commission against the Annexation Wall and Colonies, at “Beit El” District Coordination Office (DCO) checkpoint in al-Bireh and confiscated official documents and mail as well as the Minister’s vehicle’s government license plate. Minister Assaf and his driver were detained for half an hour in a military SUV.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 12 violations, including:

  • East Jerusalem: Car repair shop served demolition notice; and a house was self-demolished. Two-storey building demolished in Shu’fat Camp; another two-storey building demolished in Sur Baher; and three houses demolished in Baryet al-Sawahra and Abu-Hindi Bedouin Valley, in Abu Dis.
  • Hebron: two houses, a water well and an electric company served cease-construction notices (total 4); agricultural residence demolished, as well as 2 barracks and a small house.
  • Bethlehem: two houses (occupied) served demolition notices in Al Maniya village; new settlement project ratified for the expansion of “Nokdim” settlement, which is established on the stolen lands of Beit Ta’mir and Tuqu’ villages.
  • Salfit: 3 dunums razed; 3 cease-construction notices served: a pitch designed under international standards; a playground for persons with disabilities; the 3 dunums that were razed.
  • Jenin: an under-construction facility was demolished.

Settler-attacks: 100 olive trees damaged in Al-Mughayyir village, eastern Ramallah.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  • Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  1. At approximately 05:00 on Thursday, 22 October 2020, IOF moved into Jenin, and stationed in its eastern neighborhood. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Osama Mahmoud Suliman al-Sa’di (20), and opened fire at Nateq Hussam Hantouli (23), claiming that he resisted the arrest and attempted to flee. Hantouli was shot with a live bullet in his leg, and he was transferred to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 06:30, IOF stationed inside the border fence with Israel east of Deir al-Balah, opened fire at agricultural lands by the landfill, west of the border fence, and no injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 01:40 on Friday, 23 October 2020, Israeli warplanes launched 2 missiles, one of them by a drone, at an agricultural land in al-Fukhari, southeast of Khan Younis; causing damages and no casualties were reported.  A few minutes later, the warplanes launched another two missiles at an agricultural land in al-Qarara, east of Khan Younis; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest attended by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 5 civilians were shot; a 44-year-old man sustained a rubber bullet in the head; an 18-years-old was hit with 3 rubber bullets to his back and a sound bomb to his chest; the three others sustained rubber bullets in their lower extremities.
  • At approximately 07:20 on Saturday, 25 October 2020, IOF stationed inside the border fence with Israel, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a. No casualties were reported.
  • On Sunday dawn, 25 October 2020, IOF assaulted and killed Amer Snobar (17) near Turmus Ayya, northern Ramallah. While IOF denied assaulting Snobar, an eyewitness who accompanied the murdered child confirmed that Israeli soldiers assaulted him; this was further confirmed by the medical report which determined the cause of death as a blunt strike to the neck.

According to PCHR’s information, at approximately 01:10, Sakher Mostafa al-Najjar (18), was with his friend, Amer Abdul Rahim Ahmed Snobar (17), from Yatma village, southeast of Nablus, trying to fix their car, near Hugo Chavez Hospital, by Turmus Ayya entrance, north of Ramallah. Meanwhile, an Israeli military vehicle arrived, six Israeli soldiers stepped out of the vehicle and chased al-Najjar and Snobar who tried to flee the area. Al-Najjar managed to escpae, and the soldiers caught Snobar, pinned him to the ground, and buttstroke him. The soldiers later transferred him to Hugo Chavez Hospital in Turmus Ayya village, where he was determined dead before arrival.

Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS) emphasized to PCHR’s fieldworker that at approximately 01:21, they received a phone call from the Israeli military liaison to notify them that there was a wounded civilian on the entrance of Turmus Ayya village, north of Ramallah. Immediately, PRCS sent an ambulance to the scene, but was informed upon arrival that the victim was transferred to Hugo Chavez Hospital. The ambulance went to the hospital, where the victim was identified as Amer Snobar and he was determined dead before arrival to the hospital. At approximately 01:46, Snobar’s body was referred to Palestine Medical Center in Ramallah.

Sakher Mustafa al-Najjar (18), said through a video recording that he was driving his car on Nablus-Ramallah road, then the car broke down near “Eli” settlement, established on the lands of al-Lubban, Sawiya, and Qaryut villages. He said that he went into town, and brought along his friend, Amer Snobar, and an illegal black Hyundai car, and dragged the broken car towards al-Mughayyir village to fix it. As soon as they arrived at the village, they attempted to fix it but that the engine would not run. Meanwhile, an Israeli military SUV passed by them and did not do anything to them, then another Israeli GMC vehicle came and six Israeli soldiers came out of it and chased al-Najjar and Snobar, who fled in different directions. The soldiers caught Snobar and buttstroke him until he fell to the ground.

The Israeli authorities denied attacking Snobar and claimed that he fell on the ground and lost his consciousness. However, the Israeli army spokesperson said in a tweet that, “troops responded to an incident north of Ramallah after rocks were hurled at an army vehicle. Initial details suggest that upon the arrival of the troops… the two suspects tried to escape by foot,” it said. “While fleeing, one of the suspects apparently lost consciousness, collapsed and hit his head. The suspect was not beaten by our troops.”

Ahmed al-Bitawi, director of Palestine Medical Center, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: “after receiving Snobar’s dead body and pursuant to clinical examination, we found signs of blunt trauma and bruises on the back of his neck which caused the death”.

  • At approximately 01:00 on Monday, 26 October 2020, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They deployed and established checkpoints at the village’s entrances and closed the village. IOF searched the vehicles and ID cards of Palestinians before letting them leave the village. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at the civilians. As a result, dozens of civilians in the area suffocated due to teargas inhalation, and Naseem Harbi Obaid (23), was arrested.
  • At approximately 06:30, IOF moved into Salfit village. They shot 3 sound bombs at the Preventive Security headquarter in Salfit, although none of the Services’ members were present around it.
  • At approximately 19:35, IOF gunboats stationed off al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 2 nautical miles, opened heavy fire at them and light bombs in the sky, causing fear and panic among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on Wednesday, 28 October 2020, IOF stationed inside the border fence with Israel, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara village, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No casualties were reported.

II. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 22 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Aida refugee Camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ahmed Ibrahim ‘Owais’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beitunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mohanad Jaradat’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Balou’ neighborhood in central al-Bireh city, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched ‘Odai Saleh Abu Shamma’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Halhul city in northern Hebron. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested Yehia Sadeq Jahshan (26), Mohammed Mahmoud al-Sa’di (14), Mohammed Helmi ‘Aqel (27), Mohammed Saqer al-Baou (27), and Thaier Jamal Modiyia (25).
  • At approximately 02:35, IOF moved into Beita village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Hazem Ahmed ‘Awad Hamayil’s (26) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in Huwara village.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Awarta village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Samer Saleem Sa’ied Shurab’s (44) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in Huwara village.  
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Idhna village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Omar Salimiyia’s (44) house and arrested his wife Suhair Ahmed al-Batran (37), taking her to an unknown destination. It should be noted that on 30 October 2019, al-Batran was shot with a live bullet by IOF stationed near al-Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron’s Old City, under the pretext that she attempted to carry out a stabbing attack. Al-Batran was taken to an Israeli Hospital and was released few months later. Also, al-Batran was arrested several times during this year; last of which was on 12 October 2020.
  • At approximately 03:20, IOF moved into Tammun village, southeast of Tuban, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses and arrested Thair Jameel Bani ‘Odah (28).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Beit Rima village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested ‘Atah Hazem al-Remawi (30), ‘Izz al-Deen Fayiz Rahima (22) and Sadam Tayseer al-Remawi (31). Next day morning, Sadam was released.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed on al-Salam Street. They raided and searched Saber Ibrahim al-Najar’s (22) house and arrested him.  
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Rafat village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Fadel Tayseer Taha (46) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:20, IOF moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested ‘Issa Nazmi Mahmoud Hashash (23) and Mahmoud Mohammed Sabti (22).
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into Wadi Qaddum neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested Hani ‘Owida (20) Fadi ‘Owaida and Yunis ‘Owida (21).
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stationed at a military checkpoint established at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron, arrested Yousef Ashraf Jawabrah (19), taking him to a detention center in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF stationed at al-Za’im military checkpoint, east of occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Yousef Belal Abu al-Humus (21), from Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, while passing through the checkpoint.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Bal’a village, north of Tulkarm; Duea city, as-Samu, Deir al-‘Asal and Hadab villages in Hebron; and Madama village in Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 23 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. IOF were deployed in the village streets, and they closed all the village entrances. Also, IOF fired flare bombs and conducted a thorough inspection in the village neighborhoods. In addition, dozens of houses were raided and searched and 7 civilians, including a child, were arrested. The arrestees were identified as Mohammed Khaled Mahmoud (16), ‘Abed al-Rahman Thair Mahmoud (19), Mohammed Waleed Mahmoud (18), Yazan ‘Imran ‘Obaid (20), Moa’tasem Hamza ‘Obaid (18), Sami Salah Dari (19), and Naser Mohammed Abu Riyalah (23).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al-Fawaghrah neighborhood, central of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed al-Qari (24) and Khalil al-Qari (22) and arrested them. 
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Omar Rushdi al-Jamal (23) and Ashraf Naser Mofeed Tahina (26) and confiscated NIS 3000 and a mobile.
  • At approximately 05:05, IOF moved into al-Yamun village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses and arrested Ahmed Ameen Nawahdah (25).
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Jameel Akram Abu Hashash (25), from Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron, after stopping him at a military checkpoint established at the camp entrance.
  • At approximately 16:00, Israeli police arrested Sa’ied Hussain Mohammed Barabrah, from Bal’a village, east of Tulkarm, while present in al-Aqsa Mosque yards in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Barabrah was taken to a detention center in the city, noting that he is a former prisoner.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at the eastern entrance to Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested ‘Atallah Omar ‘Atallah ‘Issa (25), from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus.
  • At approximately 21:15, IOF stationed at a military checkpoint established at the entrance to Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah, arrested Mohammed Kareem Abu ‘Arab (21), from Am’ari refugee camp, southeast of al-Bireh city in northern Ramallah.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Hebron City, ad-Dhahiriya, Nuba and Imreish in Hebron; Asira al-Qibliya, southeast of Nablus; and Deir Istiya village in Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 24 October 2020

IOF carried out (3) incursions in Iraq Burin and Beit Dajan villages in Nablus; and Zububa village, west of Jenin.  No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 25 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into several neighborhoods in Hebron. They raided and searched 4 houses and handed Fahmi Salama al-Ja;bary (33), Yaser Mohammed Zaid (37), Hitham ‘Ali Shawer (39) and Mohammed Hamad al-Bitar (28) summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service (Shabak) in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Aida refugee Camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed ‘Adel Hajajrah (28) and Ra’fat Riyad Malash (30) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 11:50, IOF stationed at al-Mahkama checkpoint established near “Beit El” settlement, north of al-Bireh city, detained a vehicle belonging to the Minister of the Wall and Settlement Authority, Walid Assaf, while passing through the checkpoint to leave the city. An Israeli soldier ordered the vehicle’s driver and Assaf to step out of the vehicle and detained them for half an hour inside a military SUV. IOF searched the vehicle and confiscated its license plate in addition to other documents and maps that were in the vehicle.  
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mohammed ‘Adnan Mohammed Abu al-Hawa’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tulkarm City, Illar village, north of Tulkarm; and Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 26 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Sebastia village, northwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Ayham Nahed Rezeq ‘Aqel’s (25) house and arrested him, in addition to confiscating his mobile phone.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Al-Tabaqa village, south of Dura, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched ‘Aref Salama al-Hribat’s (39) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Muthalath al-‘Aqaba area, south of Dura, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Musheer ‘Abed al-Qader al-Shahateet’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Handaza area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Nedal Ibrahim Abu ‘Ahour (46) arrested him. It should be noted that ‘Ahour was arrested in June 2020. He also suffers from kidney failure, and he was diagnosed with cancer in the Israeli jail. ‘Ahour’s health condition has deteriorated. Despite his critical health condition, the Israeli authorities transferred him to the administrative detention, but they retracted their decision and transferred him a month later. Since that period, he has been receiving treatment between the hospital and the house, and the occupation forces have arrested him again.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested 3 civilians, including a child. The arrestees were identified as Sadam Suliman Mahmoud al-Sa’di (19), Mujahed al-Dabous (24); both are from the eastern neighborhood, and Hani ‘Ata Abu Remilah (16), from al-Jbirat neighborhood, south of the city. 
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Khalayil al-Louz area, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Feras Ibrahim al-‘Abiyat’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF established a checkpoint on Jericho road, north of the West Bank. They arrested Sa’d Hassan Zaghlawan (20), from Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus.
  • At approximately 07:20, IOF moved into Deir Abu Mash’al village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to the leader of the Popular Front Mofeed Hasan ‘Ata (61) and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Saffa village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Rashad Mohammed Yousef Karja’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed at Huwara checkpoint, at the eastern entrance to Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested Hamdi Saleh Hamdan (23), from Nablus.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Halhul city, Hadab_al-Fawwar village, Al-Arroub refugee camp, and Sikka village in Hebron; and Kafr ad-Dik, Bruqin and Rafat villages. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 27 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched 3 houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Hisham al-Shareef (16), Ma’an Nayif al-Badawi (16) and Qasem Mohammed al-Ra’I (17).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Hebron and stationed in al-Zahda area. They raided and searched Nouh Khaled Abu ‘Isha’s (34) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nablus and stationed on 16 Street in Rafidia neighborhood, west of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched a house belonging to journalist ‘Abed al-Rahman As’ad ‘Aref al-Daher (38), producer at An Najah Media Center, and arrested him and confiscated his mobile phone.
  • At approximately 02:25, IOF moved into Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Raied Shehada Sharaka’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Judeida village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Barra’ Hussain Hasan Abu Maryam’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:50, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched houses and arrested Kan’an Kan’an al-Khatib (32).
  • At approximately 04:20, IOF moved into NurShams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched ‘Aref Marwan Shehab’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Ramadin village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Nawaf Sarhan al-Zagharnah’s (66) house and arrested him along with his son Mohammed (39).
  • At approximately 22:00 on Tuesday, 27 October 2020, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Raouf Khowais’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Halhul and Tarqumiyah villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 28 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Hamza Mohammed Abu Riyalah (20) and Mostafa Thaier Mahmoud (23) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Tammun village, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF moved into Samer ‘Abed al-Qader Bani ‘Odah’s house and withdrew later. No arrests among civilians were reported.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Qarawat Bani Hassan village, west of Salfit. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging0 to ‘Izz al-Deen Mahmoud Mer’I (24) and Sa’ied Hamad Mer’i (26) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Jaba’ village, south of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to prisoners Ahmed Fayiz Salatnah and ‘Eid Mohammed Hamamrah and withdrew later. No arrests among civilians were reported.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ahmed ‘Eid Khwais (19) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:15, IOF moved into Kafr Malik village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Rasheed Rasem Hamayils’ (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:30, IOF moved into Karkafa neighborhood, central of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Hitham Omar ‘Awaad (21) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF accompanied with Israeli Intelligence officers raided, searched and surrounded the offices of the Directorate of Forensic Science and Directorate of preaching and guidance belonging to the Islamic Endowment Department (Awqaf) in Bab al-Selselah area in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They confiscated some documents and devices from the offices and arrested head of the Directorate of Forensic Science, deputy director general of al-Aqsa Mosque, Najeh Dawoud Bakirat (64) and the Awqaf employee Saif Sameera, taking them to a detention center in the city. At approximately 18:00, Israeli authorities released head of the Directorate of Forensic Science and the Awqaf employee, provided that they will be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for 7 days and summoned for investigation a week later.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Kobar village, north of Ramallah; and Sa’ir and Bani Na’im villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • On Sunday, 25 October 2020, the Israeli municipality notified Haitham Mohammed Mustafa to demolish his shop designated for repairing vehicles in Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem and gave him time until tomorrow under the pretext of illegal construction.

Haitham Mustafa said to PCHR’s fieldworker that the Israeli Nature and Parks Authority and the municipality issued in 2015 a decision to demolish his shop under the pretext of building without a license and demolished it in March 2016. In January 2019, Mustafa implemented the Israeli municipality’s decision and self-demolished his shop so that he would not pay a financial fee of NIS 80,000 for the municipality crews. Mustafa highlighted that IOF stormed his shop again on Sunday morning and threatened him to demolish his shop and impose a high fine on him if he did not self-demolish his shop until the evening hours of the next day.

  • At approximately 11:00 on the same Sunday, IOF accompanied with the Israeli Civil Administration officers stormed Ighziwa area, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed the area while the Civil Administration officer fixed 4 notifications to halt construction under the pretext of building without licensing in Area (C), and they included:
  1. Electricity network with (1500m) long that supplies Mohammed Mousa Makhamrah’s house.
  2. Under-construction water well with capacity of (80cm) owned by Aziz Mohammed Dawoud.
  3. An under-construction house built on (80sqm) owned byMousa Salem Abu Fanar.
  4.  An under-construction house built on (70sqm) owned by Sale Mousa Abu Fanar.
  • In the evening hours, IOF notified 2 residential houses in Al Maniya village, southeast of Bethlehem under the pretext of illegal construction. 

Zayed Kawazbah, Head of Al Maniya Village Council said that the 2 houses built on (180sqm) and inhabited with 18 individuals owned by Issa and Assaf Adel al-Faroukh. Kawazbah clarified that the notification included a period of 96 hours to carry out the demolition. It should be noted that Israeli authorities recently notified a number of houses in the village, the last of which was a notification of 2 residential houses built on (200sqm) owned and inhabited by Yusuf and Shadi Mousa Jabarin for 6 years, under the pretext of building without licensing.

  • At approximately 06:00 on Monday, 26 October 2020, IOF leveled 3 dunums owned by Zeyad Zuhud from lands affiliated to Salfit, uprooted about 60 olive trees that were implanted 30 – 100 years ago in the abovementioned areas, confiscated a number of trees, and destroyed stones chains surrounding the land under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C), which is under the Israeli control. IOF also handed 3 notices to halt construction for 3 places: rehabilitation of the football stadium, park for people with, disabilities, and the land leveled near the abovementioned site.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Monday, 26 October 2020, IOF accompanied with the Civil Administration vehicle and a digger, stormed At-Tayba village, west of Jenin. They demolished an under-construction house build on (150sqm) owned by Ahmed Mahmoud Ali Jabarin in the western neighborhood of the village, adjacent to the annexation wall under the pretext of illegal construction on Area (C).
  • In the evening hours, the Israeli government approved the start of a new settlement project aiming at constructing settlement units, east of “Nokdim” settlement established on lands of Tuqu and Beit Ta’mir villages, east of Bethlehem.

Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF approved a detailed structural plan to seize control over dozens of dunums, west of Bethlehem in favor of Israeli settlement expansion, particularly in Jibjib area Block (11) and Khelet Hareth Block (12), north of Battir village. Breijieh emphasized that Battir village has been exposed to attacks by IOF as caravans were set, settlement roads were paved, and Palestinian farmers and civilians were attacked in the area. Battir village is known with its hill, valleys, agricultural and stone terraces, and the irrigation network that was built in the Roman era and fed with springs and groundwater. The Israeli escalating settlement activities and measures in this area would affect the tourism trail in Battir village that starts from Beit Jala to Battir village. Settlement will make this area unsecure and would lead to decrease the Palestinian rural tourism.

  • In the evening hours, Majed Mustafa al-Saleimeh implemented the Israeli municipality’s decision and self-demolished his house in Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of building without licensing.

Al-Saleimeh said to PCHR’s fieldworker that he built a new house near his family’s house on (80sqm) so he, his wife and son Tareq would live in it. Al-Saleimeh said that the Israeli municipality immediately issued 2 consecutive decisions for his house, the first was to halt construction and the second was to demolish it. Al-Saleimeh added that he attempted to freeze the demolition decision and delay it to obtain a license. However, the Israeli court issued recently its final decision to demolish the house.al-Saleimeh pointed out that he completed constructing his house 3 weeks ago. He is forced now to demolish his house, particularly after the Israeli police raided his house several times and threatened him if he did not do it himself, the Municipality bulldozers will demolish the house and impose a large fine on him.

  • At approximately 07:00 on Tuesday, 27 October 2020, Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished an under-construction building owned by Adli Sobhi Hamuod in Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of building without a license. Hamoud said to PCHR’s fieldworker that large numbers of IOF accompanied with municipality bulldozers, stormed al-Al-Waqaf neighborhood in Shu’fat refugee camp, surrounded the building from all sides, prevented civilians from approaching it and started demolishing it. Hamoud emphasized that he constructed the 2-story building a year ago. The first floor includes 6 stores, each of them was (8sqm). As for the second floor, it included 2 residential apartments. The building was built on (700sqm). Hamoud added that the municipality crews handed him 3 notifications to halt demolition during the year before constructing the second floor, so he had to construct the cement pillars only. Hamoud pointed out that the municipality crews suddenly raided his building and began demolishing it. It should be noted that the building is located in al-Awqaf neighborhood within the boundaries of Shu’fat refugee camp affiliated to the UNRWA and is far from the annexation wall. Hamoud pointed out that none of the houses in the area is licensed
  • At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 27 October 2020, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles accompanied with Civil Administration officers, a digger, and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat Birin, west of Bani Na’im village, east of Hebron. They demolished an agricultural residence built of bricks and tin plates on (40sqm) and comprised of 2 rooms owned by Bilal Mohammed Sadeq al-Rajbi, who lived in it along with his family of 5 individuals, including 3 children. IOF claimed that the demolition was due to illegal construction. The Israeli Civil Administration Department notified al-Rajbi on 24 August 2020, to demolish his residence after 96 hours of the delivering the notification upon Military Order No. (1797) issued in 2018.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles accompanied with Civil Administration officers, 2 diggers, and a bulldozer stormed Simya area, west of as-Samu village, south of Hebron. The bulldozers demolished a barrack built of tin plates on (100sqm) that is used as a livestock, 2 rooms built of tin plates on (40sqm) and inhabited by a family of 5 individuals, and a barrack built of tin plates on (50sqm) used as tree nursery owned by Jamal Mahmoud Abu E’qail, under the pretext of illegal construction. Israeli authorities notified E’qail on 18 October 2020, of the demolition upon Military Order No. (1797), which gives Palestinians 96 hours to demolish the building.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Wednesday, 28 October 2020, IOF municipality crews demolished a 2-story building owned by Mohammed Salman Tarshan in Sur Baher village, south of occupied East Jerusalem under the pretext of non-licensing.

Tarshan said to PCHR’s fieldworker that dozens of Israeli soldiers stormed Omari Mosque Street and completely closed it as the bulldozers demolished the building without previous warning. Tarshan clarified that the building was comprised of 2 old commercial shops that were built in 1940, in addition to a house that he built 5 months ago. The municipality issued a demolition decision in June against the house that was ready for living. Tarshan emphasized that he attempted to freeze the demolition decision and license the house. His lawyer submitted an appeal and deposited NIS 50, 00 to keep the building until the court issue its decision. The Municipality agreed on the organization application. However, Tarshan was surprised of the demolition on Wednesday morning because the court did not issue its final decision to demolish the house, despite of the decision issued earlier this month to freeze house-demolitions in occupied East Jerusalem. Tarshan said that the Israeli municipality demolished his house and the 2 shops with no decision issued to demolish them. The municipality servants forced the shops’ tenants to remove their contents and then demolished them. IOF surrounded the building from all sides and denied Tarshan and his lawyer from approaching it and refused to answer the lawyer’s phone calls to prevent demolishing the shops. It should be noted that the house was built on (100sqm) and comprised of 3 rooms, a kitchen and a bathroom, while each of the shops was built on (70sqm).

  • In the morning hours, Israeli authorities demolished 2 residences in as-Sawahira village in addition to another one in Wadi Abu Hindi Bedouin community, which is part of lands of Abu Dis village, east of occupied East Jerusalem.

Yunis Ja’far, Chairman of as-Sawahira Defense Committee said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF demolished a 30-square-meter residence owned by Shaker al-Sarkhi and demolished a residence owned by Ismail Khalil Hathalin. Mohammed Hijazi, anti-settlement activist in Badiyat al-Quds area, said that IOF demolished a residence in Wadi Abu Hindi Bedouin community, which part of Abu Dis village’s lands, overlooking to “Kedar” settlement when they were attempting to carry out demolition processes in as-Sawahira village. Hijazi pointed out that the residence is owned by Omer Suleiman, whose father is a prisoner in the Israeli jails.

Palestinian have been living in Badiyat al-Quds area since 1948, after IOF forced them to leave Negev desert, south of occupied Palestine. The Israeli government seeks to depart all Bedouin communities, east of occupied Jerusalem to establish a Settlement Project (E 1). According to Palestinian experts, this project aim at seizing control over 12,000 dunums that expand from Jerusalem lands to the Dead Sea in order to empty the area from any Palestinian existence as part of the IOF’s project to separate south of the West Bank from its center.

  • Israeli Settlers’ Attacks
  • At approximately 08:00 on Monday, 26 October 2020, Husein Iseid Abu Alia, from Al-Mughayyir village, east of Ramallah, went to his land in “Abu al-Mowas” area, west of the abovementioned village, for security coordination previously announced by the Israeli Liaison. When approached the area, he found out that 100 olive trees were cut off, knowing that these trees are implanted for 30 – 70 years. It should be noted that this area is located near the Israeli “Adi Ad” settlement outpost.

IV. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the movement of goods and individuals between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 53 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 7 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday evening, 22 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures Beit Iksa checkpoint, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem, and obstructed the traffic movement for civilians.
  • On Friday, 23 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Biddu village’s tunnel, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Saturday morning, 24 October 2020, IOF established Qalandiya an Beit Iksa checkpoints at in front of the traffic movement and tightened their arbitrary measures at Jaba’ checkpoint, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, causing severe traffic jam.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 22 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western and northern entrances to Tuqu village and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 23 October 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Nahalin village, northern entrance to Tuqu village, east of Bethlehem, and Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 24 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, , and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Marah Rabah village, and near al-Nashash intersection, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 26 October 2020, IOF established 7 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Tuqu village, the western enterance to Beit Fajjar village, the western entrance to Husan village, between Nahalin and Jab’a villages, at Aqabat Hasna area, and near al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 27 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at: the northern entrance to Tuqu village, western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, and the entrance to al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 22 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to “Beit El” settlement, north of Al-Bireh.
  • On Friday, 23 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints under the bridge of ‘Atara village, and the intersection of “Halamish” settlement, northwest of Ramllah.
  • On Saturday, 24 October 2020, IOF tightened their measures at “al-Mahkama” checkpoint near “Beit El” settlement, north of Al-Bireh. The soldiers obstructed the traffic movement and searched civilians’ ID cards. IOF also established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to “Beit Ur al-Fauqa” and Deir ‘Ammar village, west of Ramallah.
  • On Wednesday, 28 October 2020, IOF tightened their measures at “al-Mahkam” checkpoint near “Beit El” settlement, north of Al-Bireh. The soldiers obstructed the traffic movement and searched civilians’ ID cards.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 22 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Hebron’s western entrance, Al-Arroub refugee camp, and Beit ‘Amra village.
  • On Friday, 23 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Hebron’s western entrance, Khelet al-Maya Road, and Idhna.
  • On Saturday, 24 October 2020, IOF established 2checkpoints at the entrances to: al-Fawar refugee camp, and Hebron’s western entrance.
  • On Sunday, 25 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to: al-Arroub refugee camp, Hebron’s southern entrance.
  • On Monday, 26 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Halhul southern entrance (al-Fahs).
  • On Wednesday, 28 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: Ash-Shuyukh, Beit ‘Amra, and Bani Na’im villages.

Nablus:

On Sunday, 24 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beita village, southeast of Nablus.

Salfit:

  • On Friday, 24 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Kafr ad-Dik village, west of Salfit.
  • On Monday, 26 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Ballut  village, between Deir Ballut  and Rafat villages, west of  Salfit, and at the entrances to Kifl Haris and Haris village, north of Salfit. .

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 22 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the east of Jit village, between Jayyous and Azzun villages, and the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Friday, 23 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (15– 21 October 2020)

 in Weekly Reports

15 – 21 October 2020

  • 5 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children and a journalist, wounded in IOF excessive use of force
  • shootings reported at agricultural lands and 2 others against fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 97 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 95 civilians arrested, including 8 children
  • Collective punishment policy: IOF seals a detainee’s room in Jenin
  • Settler-attacks: Olive trees damaged, and lands flooded with wastewater in the West Bank
  • IOF established 85 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 9 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks rendered 5 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force. IOF also continued to create new-facts on the  ground by maintain its policy of demolishing, confiscating and razing Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes. Israeli-settler attacks witnessed an increase against farmers and agricultural lands as this time of the year marks the olive harvest season.

The publishing of this report is accompanied by the rapidly deteriorating health condition of on-hunger-strike Palestinian administrative detainee Maher al-Akhras (50); al-Akhras has been on hunger strike since the first day of his arrest by IOF on 27 July 2020, marking the 87th consecutive day in protest to his detention without charge or trial. Al-Akhras continues to be locked in under administrative detention despite his critical health. PCHR renews its call upon the international community to pressure Israel to release al-Akhras, as no legal means can be pursued for this purpose due to the nature of administrative detention which is conducted without charge or trial. PCHR urges the High Commissioner for Human Rights and Special Rapporteur for the Occupied Palestinian Territory in 1967 to intervene immediately to facilitate his release.

This week, PCHR documented 178 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 5 civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank, including 2 children and a journalist. The journalist was shot and wounded due to IOF oppression of a protest in Ramallah, 2 Palestinians sustained wounds in IOF suppression of Kafr Qaddum – Qalqilya weekly protest; 2 children wounded in clashes in Hebron.

In the Gaza Strip, 2 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip. Israeli warplanes launched an airstrike at a vacant land eastern Deir al-Balah, Central Gaza.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 97 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 95 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children.

Collective Punishment Policy: As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF sealed Nazmi Asfour’s room; Asfour is imprisoned by Israel and he is from Yabad village in Jenin.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 7 violations, including:

  • Tubas: construction vehicle and truck confiscated; tin-plated barracks (100sqm) demolished, and a spring razed.
  • East Jerusalem: store vacated for demolition, and a tent was demolished;
  • Hebron: 4 facilities demolished;
  • Qalqilya: supermarket demolished;
  • Jericho: a house (made of bricks and tin plates) demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 2 attacks: 25 olive trees damaged in Qaryut; agricultural lands flooded with wastewater in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

 I. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity

  • At approximately 18:00 on Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF stormed the main road of Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They deployed between civilians’ houses and stores, positioned on the rooftops of the buildings and forced stores’ owners to close shop. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses in al-Mahmoud neighborhood, and arrested Mohammed Dawoud Mahmoud (16). Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered at the entrance of the neighborhood and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF vehicles, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Friday, 16 October 2020, villagers from Barqa village, east of Ramallah, organized a peaceful demonstration, attended by Waleed Assaf, the head of the National Commission against the Annexation Wall and Colonies, and a number of foreign solidarity activists. The demonstrators gathered and launched from al-Nour mosque, in the center of the village, heading to the agricultural lands in Ra’s al-‘Aqaba area, northwest of Barqa, adjacent to Bypass (60). The protest was against settlers’ attacks on their lands during the annual olive harvest, as the protestors sang their national slogans calling for ending the occupation and condemning its crimes. As they arrived, they found a group of settlers, protected by the Israeli forces, who attempted to prevent Palestinians from entering their lands for the olive harvest, but the protestors confronted them and managed to access their lands. IOF fired rubber bullets, teargas canisters and sound bombs. The clashes resulted in dozens of protestors suffocating due to teargas inhalation, and (4) civilians were hit with rubber bullets, including the journalist Hisham Abu Shaqra, a photographer at the Anadolu Agency, who was hit with a rubber bullet in the neck. The injured civilians were taken to Palestine Medical Center in Ramallah. During the clashes, IOF attacked the three journalists; Emad Mohammed Is’eid Khaled Sabarna and Abood Younis, by pushing and assaulting them. The clashes continued until 11:00; the settlers set fire to 5 perennial olive trees, parts of them were damaged before the villagers succeeded in putting out the fire.
  • At approximately 12:30 on Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest attended by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 2 civilians were shot; one of them was shot in his chest, and the other was shot in his lower limbs.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Batn al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and deployed between civilians’ houses and stores, and started searching civilians and checking their ID cards. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 17 October 2020, a group of Palestinian activists organized a peaceful protest near the bypass road (317), east of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. The participants raised Palestinian flags and chanted national slogans, until the Israeli forces came and banned the participants to move further. Meanwhile, IOF attacked Suliman Eid al-Hathalin (70), and took him to their military vehicles, and then to a detention center in “Carmiel” settlement; he was released an hour later.
  • At approximately 16:00, a group of young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiya area, in the center of Hebron, where the Israeli soldiers established a military checkpoint on the entrance of al-Shuhada’ closed street. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by chasing the stone-throwers and firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes continued until approximately 19:00 and resulted in 2 children sustaining wounds; a 14-year-old was shot in the head, and a 13-year-old was shot in the right leg. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 08:25 on Sunday, 18 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened heavy fire at them causing fear and panic among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened fire at them and a number of flare bombs in the sky, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, Israeli warplane fired 2 missiles at an empty land east of Wadi al-Salqa village, east of Deir al-Balah, no injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 07:20 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF stationed inside the border fence with Israel east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a, and no injuries were reported. At approximately 14:30, IOF opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara, and no injuries were reported.

II. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 15 October 2020:

  • At approximately 12:35, IOF moved into Sebastya village, northwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ayham Nahed Aqel (21) and Shahed Arafat Kayed (20).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Arafat Hamdan (19) and Mohammed Khalil Hamdan (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jabal al-Mawalih area, in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Awwad Awwad’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Yitma village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Moheeb Lafi Snobar (21) and Oday Ahmed Snobar (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Anas Maher Jouda (23) and Mo’taz Nazih Badawna (21) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:40, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Nobough Najm al-Barghouthi (33) and Melad Tawfiq Sha’ban (32) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Azoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched three houses belonging to Montaser Abdullah Zemari (30) and Esam Rasheed Radwan (31) and his brother Mohammed (33) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kafl Hares village, north of Salfit. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yehya Abdul Fattah al-As’ad (20) and Salem Mohammed Abu Mas’oud (23) and arrested them. Meanwhile, IOF raided and searched Abdul Salam Mahmoud Abu Ya’qoub’s (30) house, by broking the door of the house.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al0Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched dozens of houses and arrested (12) civilians including 4 children and took them to al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem. (Arrestees names are available at PCHR).
  • During dawn hours, IOF moved into al-Zawiya village, west of Salfit. They raided and searched Sohaib Ibrahim Shuqair’s house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Amjad Gharouf and As’ad Ajaj, while documenting the entrance of a Gulf delegation to al-Aqsa Mosque under the Israeli forces’ heavy protection and took them to one of the investigation centers in the occupied city.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Khalayil al-Lawz area, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Morad Melsh’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested Mohammed Khaled Toffaha (21), from the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, while present in al-Sultan Suliman street in the occupied city center. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Tubas and Sebastya in Nablus governorate, Deir Istiya and al-Zawiya villages in Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 16 October 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Owa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Qusai Ghazi al-Shalash’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ashraf Samir Jawabra’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:40, an Israeli infantry unit moved into al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Samir Fayez al-Tirawi (50) and Musallam Yousef Ghawanmah (20).
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Dawoud Amer (34), while passing through it. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbiya village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ibrahim Mohammed Ladadwa’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Lo’ay Ashraf Mahmoud’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Hebron and Beit Kahel in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 17 October 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested 3 civilians, including 2 siblings, taking them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Jevara Ma’an al-Namoura (24), Akram (33)  and Kayed (30) Mohammed al-Fasfous.
  • IOF carried out (10) incursions in Sebastia and Beit Dajan villages in Nablus; Halhul city and Nuba, Taffuh and Hadab villages in Hebron; and Yatma, Iraq Burin, Urif, and Tell villages in Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 18 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ibrahim Nimer al-Nouri’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Khaled Abu al-Hawa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF stationed at al-Za’im military checkpoint, east of occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Mohammed Murshed Za’aqeeq (24), from Beit Ummar village in northern Hebron, while passing through the checkpoint.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested Yousef Ashraf Jawabrah (19) after stopping him at a military checkpoint, at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. Jawabrah was taken to a detention center in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tarqumiyah in Hebron; Jalazone camp in northern Ramallah .No arrests were reported.

Monday, 19 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Adam Yousef ‘Obaid’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Saf Street in central Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner ‘Abed al-Hado ‘Aref Hammad and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Deir Jarir village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Yehia Mosbah ‘Alawi’s (26) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Beit El” settlement, north of Al-Bireh.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Ibrahim Rashad Sowan (21) and Hozaifa ‘Abed al-Naser Ghanem (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Mohammed Helwa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Majd Mohammed Mutair (24) and Fahmi Mohammed ‘Edwan (21) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. They raided and searched 4 houses, from which they arrested Saleem Mazen Jawabrah (19), Qusai Sakem al-Badawi (19), Tamer Samer al-Badawi (20), and Mohammed Jamal al-Badawi (21).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Mohammed Yehia Mutair (29) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched ‘Abed al-Qader ‘amer Abu ‘Ishah’s (59) house and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:58, IOF moved into ‘Atouf village in Central Jordan Valley, east of Tammun village, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF stationed in the village’s eastern side, where they prevented ‘Ayid Mostafa ‘Abed al-Razeq Bani ‘Odah from casting his house roof. IOF also detained the workers’ IDs and ordered the mounted-crane truck owner to leave the village.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Fatama Rabah Abu al-Humus (17) and Sadeen Fadi Mostafa (17) while present on Salah al-Deen Street in central occupied East Jerusalem. IOF pushed them under the pretext that they did not wear masks and imposed fines of NIS 1500 on them. Both of them were taken to a police station on Salah al-Deen Street. Meanwhile, Palestinian young men gathered in the area to help the two girls and verbal altercation erupted between them and IOF. 
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, one of al-Aqsa Mosque neighborhoods. They raided and searched Hamza al-Joulani’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested al-Aqsa Mosque guards Saied al-Salimah (48) and Issa Barakat (42) from their workplace in the al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, taking them to al-Qashla Police Station. They were interrogated for several hours and released later, provided that they will be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for a week.
  • At approximately 18:50, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ameen ‘Obaid’s (46) house and arrested him along with his son ‘Odai (20). It should be noted that ‘Odai served 18 months in the Israeli jails, and he was released few hours before raiding his house.
  • IOF carried out (1) incursion in Al-Bireh city. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 20 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hitham Mer’i Shehada (34) and Saif Hafzi Abu Lebda (27) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Abu Subaieh’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Nour Waleed Mohammed Musbah’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 12:15, IOF stationed at the entrance to  Jit village, north of Qalqilya, arrested Khaled ‘Ali Redwan (26), from Nabi Ilyas village, east of Qalqilya.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm’s eastern neighborhood. They raided and searched a restaurant in the mentioned neighborhood and arrested Amjad Mohammed Ahmed Abu Shanab (45), who is working the restaurant, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed near the entrance to Izbat al-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya, arrested 3 civilians, from Azzun village. The arrestees were identified as Yehia ‘Abed al-Hafiz ‘Ali Edwan (22), Mohammed Qaher Abu Haniyia (22) and Majd Radi Ahmed Radi (24).
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed at Tayaseer military checkpoint, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank, arrested Hitham Nedal Qasrawi (19), from Tubas, while returning from his workplace and passing through the checkpoint.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tulkarm city and in Deir al-Ghusun and Zeita villages in northern Tulkarm .No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 21 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Aida Camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Wesam Yousef Badawna (20) and Mostafa Ibrahim Qanees (34) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:55, IOF moved into Beitunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ahmed Riyad Shehada’s house and arrested his sons ‘Abed al-Hadi (22) and Mohammed (26).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Kalandia Camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mostafa Mohammed Mutair (20) and Osama Nai’em Hamad (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Hamza Habes ‘Alami’s (20) house and arrested him. 
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Ayoub neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mahmoud Mohanad ‘Odah (15) and Sultan Samer Sarhan (15) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Dawha village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Anas ‘Adnan Malash (25) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kafr Qallil village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses and arrested Thaier Waleed ‘Abed al-Jaleel Ahmed ‘Amer (40).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Wadi Abu Freha area, north of Beit Sahour city. They raided and searched Mohammed Ibrahim ‘Abiyat’s (42) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ash-Shuyukh village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Marwan Mohammed Hasasnah’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Nasrallah Mahmoud Mahmoud (18) and Taj al-Deen Maher Muhaisin (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli infantry unit moved into Sebastia village, southwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They arrested Ramzi Naser al-Haj (20), ‘Ali Maher Ghazal (19) and Khaled Nadi ‘Azzam (20).
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Yatta, Surif and Idhna villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Collective Punishment Measures

  • As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF sealed a room belonging to a Palestinian imprisoned by Israel.

According to PCHR’s fieldworker, at approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF accompanied with a truck loaded with plastic pipes filled with water and other materials moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, northern West Bank. They stationed in the village’s southern neighborhood and surrounded ‘Asfour family 3-storey building that shelters 3 families (20 persons, including 8 children). The building is owned by 3 brothers, including Nazmi Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour (49), who is imprisoned by Israel on charges of killing an Israeli soldier in Ya’bad village on 12 May 2020. IOF locked the three families in a room on the ground floor; then soldiers went up to ‘Asfour’s bedroom on the third floor, closed the room and hung a small board on its door written on it: “The room was closed with polyurethane foam (a flammable substance that has an unpleasant odor), upon an order issued by the Israeli military commander.” At approximately 06:30, IOF withdrew, but the family was unable to enter the building due to the foul smell stemming from the substance placed in the room.

Ra’fat ‘Atiyia Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour (25) stated the following to PCHR’s fieldworker:

At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF raided our 3-storey house in al-Saliymah neighborhood in Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. The house shelters 3 siblings and their families. I live on the 1st floor along with my father ‘Atiya Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour, my mother, and my brother; while my uncle Rebhi and his family of 7 members live on the 2nd floor; and my uncle Nazmi and his family of 9 members live on the 3rd floor. IOF detained us in one room located on the 1st floor. Meanwhile, some soldiers went up to the third floor and entered my uncle’s bedroom, who is a prisoner in Israeli jails, and closed it upon an order issued by the Israeli military commander. My family denies all charges against my uncle Nazmi. IOF stayed in the building until 6:30. After their withdrawal, we headed towards the third floor, but we could not enter the building due to the unpleasant smell emanating from the material placed in the room. I could see a board written on it “Upon a decision issued by the Israeli military commander, the room was closed with polyurethane foam.”

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 14:05 on Thursday, 14 October 2020, IOF stormed Al-Hamma village in Jordan’s northern valleys, southeast of Tubas, north of the West bank. IOF confiscated a bulldozer and a truck, which were beside an agricultural road that was paved in the abovementioned village. The confiscated bulldozer and the truck that were owned by Obai Mustafa Kamel Thaher, from Ain Al Beida village in Jordan’s northern valleys were taken to “Mehola” settlement in the northern valleys without any confiscation paper.  IOF claimed that the confiscation was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • On Saturday morning, 17 October 2020, Ayman Mousa Ja’abis started evacuating his commercial shop in al-Salah neighborhood in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem in order to self-demolish to implement the Israeli Municipality’s decision under the pretext of illegal construction.

Ja’abis said that he established his 60-square-meter shop to sell construction materials in 2015. After one week of his construction, Israeli municipality raided the shop and handed Ja’abis the demolition decision. Ja’abis clarified that he headed to the Israeli court to freeze the demolition decision and he hired a lawyer and an engineer to start measures of obtaining the shop. He added that the Israeli municipality rejected giving him a license under the pretext of establishing “The American Road” Project and imposed a fine of NIS 70,000 in addition to the lawyer and the engineer’s fees. Ja’abis emphasized that IOF lately raided his shop and gave 72 hours to demolish it, or the municipality crews will demolish it and then impose him demolition costs. Therefore, he had to self-demolish his shop. Ja’abis said that his shop was his sole source of income for him and his family comprised of 7 individuals and he searched for a small shop in the village and nearby villages, but he failed to find one.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles, a bulldozer, and 2 diggers, and accompanied with Civil Administration officers stormed al-Fakhit area, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed in the area while the bulldozers demolished  4 facilities owned by  Akram Sari Mohammed Nawajah (45):
  • A tent comprised of shader and built on (20sqm) and used as a store.
  • A residential room built of bricks and tin plate on (30sqm).
  • Barracks build of tin plate and rocks on (130sqm) and used for sheltering 100 sheep.
  • A barn built of shader and rocks on an area of (80sqm).
  • At approximately 10:40 on Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration officers and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Farisiyah village in Jordan’s northern valleys, east of Tubas. The demolished a barracks built on (100sqm) used for living owned by Radad Hamed Rezeq Daraghmah. The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The bulldozer also demolished a water spring that was repaired more than 7 years ago by a group of hydrologists. Demolishing it caused damage to a fish project. IOF also confiscated a vehicle and power engine owned by Daraghmah.
  • At approximately 00:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, IOF accompanied with a bulldozer stormed Qalqilya. They demolished a market stall built on (500sqm) owned by Abdulla Abdul Fattah Yasin and Mahdi Redwan Dawoud, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (G) that is under the IOF’s control. It should be noted that the demolition implemented before the end of the appeal period to the Israeli Supreme Court as no final decision was issued for the demolition. The owners received a demolition notice 4 months ago and they hired a lawyer who filed a case. However, the submitted appeal received no response.
  •  On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF demolished a tent in Beit Iksa village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem and forced its owner to leave it by force. Beit Iksa Village’s Municipality stated that IOF stormed north of the village and demolished a tent owned by Khalil Abu Dahouk and forced him to leave the area along with his sheep. It should be noted that Beit Iksa village faces difficult conditions as IOF established a permanent checkpoint at its entrance and they prevent civilians from entering or leaving it, except under impossible conditions. IOF also deny this village’s resident from communication with other adjacent villages. Beit Iksa village also is subjected to harassments by IOF that seek to isolate it from other villages. IOF allow Beit Iksa village’s residents to live and construct in 700 dunums only of a 7398 dunums of the village. The Israeli the Israeli Civil Administration  seize control of most of the village distance and use it to prevents its residents from urban expansion in the village that is surrounded by the annexation wall. IOF also confiscated large areas of Beit Iksa lands for various purposes, such as establishing “Ramot” and “Har Shmuel” Settlements in addition to the annexation wall that isolates the village of its agricultural lands.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by several military SUVs and accompanied with Civil Administration officers and a digger stormed “Tal Al-Samadi” area in Jiftlik village, north of Jericho. They demolished a house built of bricks and tin plates on (40sqm) owned by Hasan Salem Ka’abna under the pretext of illegal construction.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 06:00 on Saturday, 17 October 2020, Bilal Mohammed Raja went to his land in al-Sahlat area, east of Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus near Shvut Rachel settlement, to harvest the olive. Raja found out that Israeli settlers broke and uprooted 25 olive trees, knowing that these trees were implanted 6 years ago.
  • On Monday morning, 19 October 2020, a group of setters from “Elon Moreh” settlement established on lands of Salim, Azmut , and Deir al-Hatab villages, northeast of Nablus, pumped waste-water from inside their settlement to civilians’ lands implanted with olive trees in the eastern side of Deir al-Hatab village, coinciding with the time to harvest the olive, which caused  big loss for farmers after the trees were polluted.

V. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 58 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 9 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Beit Ijza village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, east of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the northern entrance to Tuqu village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, and the southern entrance to Nahalin village, west of the city.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, northern entrance to al-Khader village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 20 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, and the square of Fureidis village, east of Bethlehem.
  •  On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection to Tuqu village, the intersection to al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ras Karkar village, west of Ramallah.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the intersection of At-Tayba village ( at the road linking between Ramallah and Jericho), east of Ramallah, the entrance to Ein Yabrud village, east of the city, and the main entrance to Nabi Salih village, northeast of Ramallah.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Yatta, Dura, and as-Samu village.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Surif and Bani Na’im villages.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: al-Fawar refugee camp, Ash-Shuyukh village, Hebron’s southern entrance, and Kharsa village.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: Hebron’s northern entrance, al-Aroub refugee camp, and Jalajel village.
  • On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established 7 checkpoints at the entrances to Idhna village, al-Fawar refugee camp, ad-Dhahiriya village, Hebron’s southern, entrance, and northern entrances, and as-Samu village.

Nablus:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sarra village, southwest of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at al-Marba’a area ( at the road linking between villages in southeast and southwest of Nablus).
  • On Monday 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sebastia village (at the road linking between Nablus and Jenin).

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection to Zahrat al-Fenjan, and the entrance to Az-Zawiya village, south of Jenin.
  • On Sunday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Yabad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a t the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Istiya village, north of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the road linking between Azzun and Jayyous villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho. The soldiers searched civilians and checked their ID cards.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint near the Arab Development Society, east of Jericho.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint  at the southern entrance to Jericho.
IOF closed prisoner Nazmi ‘Asfour’s room in Jenin

15 – 21 October 2020

  • 5 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children and a journalist, wounded in IOF excessive use of force
  • shootings reported at agricultural lands and 2 others against fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 97 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 95 civilians arrested, including 8 children
  • Collective punishment policy: IOF seals a detainee’s room in Jenin
  • Settler-attacks: Olive trees damaged, and lands flooded with wastewater in the West Bank
  • IOF established 85 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 9 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks rendered 5 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force. IOF also continued to create new-facts on the  ground by maintain its policy of demolishing, confiscating and razing Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes. Israeli-settler attacks witnessed an increase against farmers and agricultural lands as this time of the year marks the olive harvest season.

The publishing of this report is accompanied by the rapidly deteriorating health condition of on-hunger-strike Palestinian administrative detainee Maher al-Akhras (50); al-Akhras has been on hunger strike since the first day of his arrest by IOF on 27 July 2020, marking the 87th consecutive day in protest to his detention without charge or trial. Al-Akhras continues to be locked in under administrative detention despite his critical health. PCHR renews its call upon the international community to pressure Israel to release al-Akhras, as no legal means can be pursued for this purpose due to the nature of administrative detention which is conducted without charge or trial. PCHR urges the High Commissioner for Human Rights and Special Rapporteur for the Occupied Palestinian Territory in 1967 to intervene immediately to facilitate his release.

This week, PCHR documented 178 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 5 civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank, including 2 children and a journalist. The journalist was shot and wounded due to IOF oppression of a protest in Ramallah, 2 Palestinians sustained wounds in IOF suppression of Kafr Qaddum – Qalqilya weekly protest; 2 children wounded in clashes in Hebron.

In the Gaza Strip, 2 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip. Israeli warplanes launched an airstrike at a vacant land eastern Deir al-Balah, Central Gaza.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 97 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 95 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children.

Collective Punishment Policy: As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF sealed Nazmi Asfour’s room; Asfour is imprisoned by Israel and he is from Yabad village in Jenin.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 7 violations, including:

  • Tubas: construction vehicle and truck confiscated; tin-plated barracks (100sqm) demolished, and a spring razed.
  • East Jerusalem: store vacated for demolition, and a tent was demolished;
  • Hebron: 4 facilities demolished;
  • Qalqilya: supermarket demolished;
  • Jericho: a house (made of bricks and tin plates) demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 2 attacks: 25 olive trees damaged in Qaryut; agricultural lands flooded with wastewater in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

 I. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity

  • At approximately 18:00 on Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF stormed the main road of Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They deployed between civilians’ houses and stores, positioned on the rooftops of the buildings and forced stores’ owners to close shop. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses in al-Mahmoud neighborhood, and arrested Mohammed Dawoud Mahmoud (16). Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered at the entrance of the neighborhood and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF vehicles, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Friday, 16 October 2020, villagers from Barqa village, east of Ramallah, organized a peaceful demonstration, attended by Waleed Assaf, the head of the National Commission against the Annexation Wall and Colonies, and a number of foreign solidarity activists. The demonstrators gathered and launched from al-Nour mosque, in the center of the village, heading to the agricultural lands in Ra’s al-‘Aqaba area, northwest of Barqa, adjacent to Bypass (60). The protest was against settlers’ attacks on their lands during the annual olive harvest, as the protestors sang their national slogans calling for ending the occupation and condemning its crimes. As they arrived, they found a group of settlers, protected by the Israeli forces, who attempted to prevent Palestinians from entering their lands for the olive harvest, but the protestors confronted them and managed to access their lands. IOF fired rubber bullets, teargas canisters and sound bombs. The clashes resulted in dozens of protestors suffocating due to teargas inhalation, and (4) civilians were hit with rubber bullets, including the journalist Hisham Abu Shaqra, a photographer at the Anadolu Agency, who was hit with a rubber bullet in the neck. The injured civilians were taken to Palestine Medical Center in Ramallah. During the clashes, IOF attacked the three journalists; Emad Mohammed Is’eid Khaled Sabarna and Abood Younis, by pushing and assaulting them. The clashes continued until 11:00; the settlers set fire to 5 perennial olive trees, parts of them were damaged before the villagers succeeded in putting out the fire.
  • At approximately 12:30 on Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest attended by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 2 civilians were shot; one of them was shot in his chest, and the other was shot in his lower limbs.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Batn al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and deployed between civilians’ houses and stores, and started searching civilians and checking their ID cards. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 17 October 2020, a group of Palestinian activists organized a peaceful protest near the bypass road (317), east of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. The participants raised Palestinian flags and chanted national slogans, until the Israeli forces came and banned the participants to move further. Meanwhile, IOF attacked Suliman Eid al-Hathalin (70), and took him to their military vehicles, and then to a detention center in “Carmiel” settlement; he was released an hour later.
  • At approximately 16:00, a group of young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiya area, in the center of Hebron, where the Israeli soldiers established a military checkpoint on the entrance of al-Shuhada’ closed street. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by chasing the stone-throwers and firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes continued until approximately 19:00 and resulted in 2 children sustaining wounds; a 14-year-old was shot in the head, and a 13-year-old was shot in the right leg. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 08:25 on Sunday, 18 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened heavy fire at them causing fear and panic among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened fire at them and a number of flare bombs in the sky, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, Israeli warplane fired 2 missiles at an empty land east of Wadi al-Salqa village, east of Deir al-Balah, no injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 07:20 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF stationed inside the border fence with Israel east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a, and no injuries were reported. At approximately 14:30, IOF opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara, and no injuries were reported.

II. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 15 October 2020:

  • At approximately 12:35, IOF moved into Sebastya village, northwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ayham Nahed Aqel (21) and Shahed Arafat Kayed (20).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Arafat Hamdan (19) and Mohammed Khalil Hamdan (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jabal al-Mawalih area, in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Awwad Awwad’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Yitma village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Moheeb Lafi Snobar (21) and Oday Ahmed Snobar (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Anas Maher Jouda (23) and Mo’taz Nazih Badawna (21) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:40, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Nobough Najm al-Barghouthi (33) and Melad Tawfiq Sha’ban (32) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Azoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched three houses belonging to Montaser Abdullah Zemari (30) and Esam Rasheed Radwan (31) and his brother Mohammed (33) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kafl Hares village, north of Salfit. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yehya Abdul Fattah al-As’ad (20) and Salem Mohammed Abu Mas’oud (23) and arrested them. Meanwhile, IOF raided and searched Abdul Salam Mahmoud Abu Ya’qoub’s (30) house, by broking the door of the house.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al0Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched dozens of houses and arrested (12) civilians including 4 children and took them to al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem. (Arrestees names are available at PCHR).
  • During dawn hours, IOF moved into al-Zawiya village, west of Salfit. They raided and searched Sohaib Ibrahim Shuqair’s house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Amjad Gharouf and As’ad Ajaj, while documenting the entrance of a Gulf delegation to al-Aqsa Mosque under the Israeli forces’ heavy protection and took them to one of the investigation centers in the occupied city.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Khalayil al-Lawz area, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Morad Melsh’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested Mohammed Khaled Toffaha (21), from the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, while present in al-Sultan Suliman street in the occupied city center. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Tubas and Sebastya in Nablus governorate, Deir Istiya and al-Zawiya villages in Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 16 October 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Owa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Qusai Ghazi al-Shalash’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ashraf Samir Jawabra’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:40, an Israeli infantry unit moved into al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Samir Fayez al-Tirawi (50) and Musallam Yousef Ghawanmah (20).
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Dawoud Amer (34), while passing through it. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbiya village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ibrahim Mohammed Ladadwa’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Lo’ay Ashraf Mahmoud’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Hebron and Beit Kahel in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 17 October 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested 3 civilians, including 2 siblings, taking them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Jevara Ma’an al-Namoura (24), Akram (33)  and Kayed (30) Mohammed al-Fasfous.
  • IOF carried out (10) incursions in Sebastia and Beit Dajan villages in Nablus; Halhul city and Nuba, Taffuh and Hadab villages in Hebron; and Yatma, Iraq Burin, Urif, and Tell villages in Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 18 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ibrahim Nimer al-Nouri’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Khaled Abu al-Hawa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF stationed at al-Za’im military checkpoint, east of occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Mohammed Murshed Za’aqeeq (24), from Beit Ummar village in northern Hebron, while passing through the checkpoint.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested Yousef Ashraf Jawabrah (19) after stopping him at a military checkpoint, at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. Jawabrah was taken to a detention center in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tarqumiyah in Hebron; Jalazone camp in northern Ramallah .No arrests were reported.

Monday, 19 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Adam Yousef ‘Obaid’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Saf Street in central Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner ‘Abed al-Hado ‘Aref Hammad and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Deir Jarir village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Yehia Mosbah ‘Alawi’s (26) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Beit El” settlement, north of Al-Bireh.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Ibrahim Rashad Sowan (21) and Hozaifa ‘Abed al-Naser Ghanem (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Mohammed Helwa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Majd Mohammed Mutair (24) and Fahmi Mohammed ‘Edwan (21) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. They raided and searched 4 houses, from which they arrested Saleem Mazen Jawabrah (19), Qusai Sakem al-Badawi (19), Tamer Samer al-Badawi (20), and Mohammed Jamal al-Badawi (21).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Mohammed Yehia Mutair (29) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched ‘Abed al-Qader ‘amer Abu ‘Ishah’s (59) house and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:58, IOF moved into ‘Atouf village in Central Jordan Valley, east of Tammun village, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF stationed in the village’s eastern side, where they prevented ‘Ayid Mostafa ‘Abed al-Razeq Bani ‘Odah from casting his house roof. IOF also detained the workers’ IDs and ordered the mounted-crane truck owner to leave the village.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Fatama Rabah Abu al-Humus (17) and Sadeen Fadi Mostafa (17) while present on Salah al-Deen Street in central occupied East Jerusalem. IOF pushed them under the pretext that they did not wear masks and imposed fines of NIS 1500 on them. Both of them were taken to a police station on Salah al-Deen Street. Meanwhile, Palestinian young men gathered in the area to help the two girls and verbal altercation erupted between them and IOF. 
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, one of al-Aqsa Mosque neighborhoods. They raided and searched Hamza al-Joulani’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested al-Aqsa Mosque guards Saied al-Salimah (48) and Issa Barakat (42) from their workplace in the al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, taking them to al-Qashla Police Station. They were interrogated for several hours and released later, provided that they will be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for a week.
  • At approximately 18:50, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ameen ‘Obaid’s (46) house and arrested him along with his son ‘Odai (20). It should be noted that ‘Odai served 18 months in the Israeli jails, and he was released few hours before raiding his house.
  • IOF carried out (1) incursion in Al-Bireh city. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 20 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hitham Mer’i Shehada (34) and Saif Hafzi Abu Lebda (27) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Abu Subaieh’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Nour Waleed Mohammed Musbah’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 12:15, IOF stationed at the entrance to  Jit village, north of Qalqilya, arrested Khaled ‘Ali Redwan (26), from Nabi Ilyas village, east of Qalqilya.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm’s eastern neighborhood. They raided and searched a restaurant in the mentioned neighborhood and arrested Amjad Mohammed Ahmed Abu Shanab (45), who is working the restaurant, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed near the entrance to Izbat al-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya, arrested 3 civilians, from Azzun village. The arrestees were identified as Yehia ‘Abed al-Hafiz ‘Ali Edwan (22), Mohammed Qaher Abu Haniyia (22) and Majd Radi Ahmed Radi (24).
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed at Tayaseer military checkpoint, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank, arrested Hitham Nedal Qasrawi (19), from Tubas, while returning from his workplace and passing through the checkpoint.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tulkarm city and in Deir al-Ghusun and Zeita villages in northern Tulkarm .No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 21 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Aida Camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Wesam Yousef Badawna (20) and Mostafa Ibrahim Qanees (34) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:55, IOF moved into Beitunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ahmed Riyad Shehada’s house and arrested his sons ‘Abed al-Hadi (22) and Mohammed (26).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Kalandia Camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mostafa Mohammed Mutair (20) and Osama Nai’em Hamad (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Hamza Habes ‘Alami’s (20) house and arrested him. 
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Ayoub neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mahmoud Mohanad ‘Odah (15) and Sultan Samer Sarhan (15) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Dawha village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Anas ‘Adnan Malash (25) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kafr Qallil village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses and arrested Thaier Waleed ‘Abed al-Jaleel Ahmed ‘Amer (40).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Wadi Abu Freha area, north of Beit Sahour city. They raided and searched Mohammed Ibrahim ‘Abiyat’s (42) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ash-Shuyukh village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Marwan Mohammed Hasasnah’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Nasrallah Mahmoud Mahmoud (18) and Taj al-Deen Maher Muhaisin (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli infantry unit moved into Sebastia village, southwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They arrested Ramzi Naser al-Haj (20), ‘Ali Maher Ghazal (19) and Khaled Nadi ‘Azzam (20).
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Yatta, Surif and Idhna villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Collective Punishment Measures

  • As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF sealed a room belonging to a Palestinian imprisoned by Israel.

According to PCHR’s fieldworker, at approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF accompanied with a truck loaded with plastic pipes filled with water and other materials moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, northern West Bank. They stationed in the village’s southern neighborhood and surrounded ‘Asfour family 3-storey building that shelters 3 families (20 persons, including 8 children). The building is owned by 3 brothers, including Nazmi Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour (49), who is imprisoned by Israel on charges of killing an Israeli soldier in Ya’bad village on 12 May 2020. IOF locked the three families in a room on the ground floor; then soldiers went up to ‘Asfour’s bedroom on the third floor, closed the room and hung a small board on its door written on it: “The room was closed with polyurethane foam (a flammable substance that has an unpleasant odor), upon an order issued by the Israeli military commander.” At approximately 06:30, IOF withdrew, but the family was unable to enter the building due to the foul smell stemming from the substance placed in the room.

Ra’fat ‘Atiyia Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour (25) stated the following to PCHR’s fieldworker:

At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF raided our 3-storey house in al-Saliymah neighborhood in Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. The house shelters 3 siblings and their families. I live on the 1st floor along with my father ‘Atiya Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour, my mother, and my brother; while my uncle Rebhi and his family of 7 members live on the 2nd floor; and my uncle Nazmi and his family of 9 members live on the 3rd floor. IOF detained us in one room located on the 1st floor. Meanwhile, some soldiers went up to the third floor and entered my uncle’s bedroom, who is a prisoner in Israeli jails, and closed it upon an order issued by the Israeli military commander. My family denies all charges against my uncle Nazmi. IOF stayed in the building until 6:30. After their withdrawal, we headed towards the third floor, but we could not enter the building due to the unpleasant smell emanating from the material placed in the room. I could see a board written on it “Upon a decision issued by the Israeli military commander, the room was closed with polyurethane foam.”

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 14:05 on Thursday, 14 October 2020, IOF stormed Al-Hamma village in Jordan’s northern valleys, southeast of Tubas, north of the West bank. IOF confiscated a bulldozer and a truck, which were beside an agricultural road that was paved in the abovementioned village. The confiscated bulldozer and the truck that were owned by Obai Mustafa Kamel Thaher, from Ain Al Beida village in Jordan’s northern valleys were taken to “Mehola” settlement in the northern valleys without any confiscation paper.  IOF claimed that the confiscation was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • On Saturday morning, 17 October 2020, Ayman Mousa Ja’abis started evacuating his commercial shop in al-Salah neighborhood in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem in order to self-demolish to implement the Israeli Municipality’s decision under the pretext of illegal construction.

Ja’abis said that he established his 60-square-meter shop to sell construction materials in 2015. After one week of his construction, Israeli municipality raided the shop and handed Ja’abis the demolition decision. Ja’abis clarified that he headed to the Israeli court to freeze the demolition decision and he hired a lawyer and an engineer to start measures of obtaining the shop. He added that the Israeli municipality rejected giving him a license under the pretext of establishing “The American Road” Project and imposed a fine of NIS 70,000 in addition to the lawyer and the engineer’s fees. Ja’abis emphasized that IOF lately raided his shop and gave 72 hours to demolish it, or the municipality crews will demolish it and then impose him demolition costs. Therefore, he had to self-demolish his shop. Ja’abis said that his shop was his sole source of income for him and his family comprised of 7 individuals and he searched for a small shop in the village and nearby villages, but he failed to find one.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles, a bulldozer, and 2 diggers, and accompanied with Civil Administration officers stormed al-Fakhit area, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed in the area while the bulldozers demolished  4 facilities owned by  Akram Sari Mohammed Nawajah (45):
  • A tent comprised of shader and built on (20sqm) and used as a store.
  • A residential room built of bricks and tin plate on (30sqm).
  • Barracks build of tin plate and rocks on (130sqm) and used for sheltering 100 sheep.
  • A barn built of shader and rocks on an area of (80sqm).
  • At approximately 10:40 on Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration officers and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Farisiyah village in Jordan’s northern valleys, east of Tubas. The demolished a barracks built on (100sqm) used for living owned by Radad Hamed Rezeq Daraghmah. The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The bulldozer also demolished a water spring that was repaired more than 7 years ago by a group of hydrologists. Demolishing it caused damage to a fish project. IOF also confiscated a vehicle and power engine owned by Daraghmah.
  • At approximately 00:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, IOF accompanied with a bulldozer stormed Qalqilya. They demolished a market stall built on (500sqm) owned by Abdulla Abdul Fattah Yasin and Mahdi Redwan Dawoud, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (G) that is under the IOF’s control. It should be noted that the demolition implemented before the end of the appeal period to the Israeli Supreme Court as no final decision was issued for the demolition. The owners received a demolition notice 4 months ago and they hired a lawyer who filed a case. However, the submitted appeal received no response.
  •  On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF demolished a tent in Beit Iksa village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem and forced its owner to leave it by force. Beit Iksa Village’s Municipality stated that IOF stormed north of the village and demolished a tent owned by Khalil Abu Dahouk and forced him to leave the area along with his sheep. It should be noted that Beit Iksa village faces difficult conditions as IOF established a permanent checkpoint at its entrance and they prevent civilians from entering or leaving it, except under impossible conditions. IOF also deny this village’s resident from communication with other adjacent villages. Beit Iksa village also is subjected to harassments by IOF that seek to isolate it from other villages. IOF allow Beit Iksa village’s residents to live and construct in 700 dunums only of a 7398 dunums of the village. The Israeli the Israeli Civil Administration  seize control of most of the village distance and use it to prevents its residents from urban expansion in the village that is surrounded by the annexation wall. IOF also confiscated large areas of Beit Iksa lands for various purposes, such as establishing “Ramot” and “Har Shmuel” Settlements in addition to the annexation wall that isolates the village of its agricultural lands.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by several military SUVs and accompanied with Civil Administration officers and a digger stormed “Tal Al-Samadi” area in Jiftlik village, north of Jericho. They demolished a house built of bricks and tin plates on (40sqm) owned by Hasan Salem Ka’abna under the pretext of illegal construction.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 06:00 on Saturday, 17 October 2020, Bilal Mohammed Raja went to his land in al-Sahlat area, east of Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus near Shvut Rachel settlement, to harvest the olive. Raja found out that Israeli settlers broke and uprooted 25 olive trees, knowing that these trees were implanted 6 years ago.
  • On Monday morning, 19 October 2020, a group of setters from “Elon Moreh” settlement established on lands of Salim, Azmut , and Deir al-Hatab villages, northeast of Nablus, pumped waste-water from inside their settlement to civilians’ lands implanted with olive trees in the eastern side of Deir al-Hatab village, coinciding with the time to harvest the olive, which caused  big loss for farmers after the trees were polluted.

V. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 58 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 9 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Beit Ijza village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, east of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the northern entrance to Tuqu village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, and the southern entrance to Nahalin village, west of the city.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, northern entrance to al-Khader village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 20 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, and the square of Fureidis village, east of Bethlehem.
  •  On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection to Tuqu village, the intersection to al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ras Karkar village, west of Ramallah.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the intersection of At-Tayba village ( at the road linking between Ramallah and Jericho), east of Ramallah, the entrance to Ein Yabrud village, east of the city, and the main entrance to Nabi Salih village, northeast of Ramallah.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Yatta, Dura, and as-Samu village.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Surif and Bani Na’im villages.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: al-Fawar refugee camp, Ash-Shuyukh village, Hebron’s southern entrance, and Kharsa village.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: Hebron’s northern entrance, al-Aroub refugee camp, and Jalajel village.
  • On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established 7 checkpoints at the entrances to Idhna village, al-Fawar refugee camp, ad-Dhahiriya village, Hebron’s southern, entrance, and northern entrances, and as-Samu village.

Nablus:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sarra village, southwest of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at al-Marba’a area ( at the road linking between villages in southeast and southwest of Nablus).
  • On Monday 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sebastia village (at the road linking between Nablus and Jenin).

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection to Zahrat al-Fenjan, and the entrance to Az-Zawiya village, south of Jenin.
  • On Sunday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Yabad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a t the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Istiya village, north of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the road linking between Azzun and Jayyous villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho. The soldiers searched civilians and checked their ID cards.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint near the Arab Development Society, east of Jericho.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint  at the southern entrance to Jericho.
IOF closed prisoner Nazmi ‘Asfour’s room in Jenin

15 – 21 October 2020

  • 5 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children and a journalist, wounded in IOF excessive use of force
  • shootings reported at agricultural lands and 2 others against fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 97 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 95 civilians arrested, including 8 children
  • Collective punishment policy: IOF seals a detainee’s room in Jenin
  • Settler-attacks: Olive trees damaged, and lands flooded with wastewater in the West Bank
  • IOF established 85 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 9 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks rendered 5 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force. IOF also continued to create new-facts on the  ground by maintain its policy of demolishing, confiscating and razing Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes. Israeli-settler attacks witnessed an increase against farmers and agricultural lands as this time of the year marks the olive harvest season.

The publishing of this report is accompanied by the rapidly deteriorating health condition of on-hunger-strike Palestinian administrative detainee Maher al-Akhras (50); al-Akhras has been on hunger strike since the first day of his arrest by IOF on 27 July 2020, marking the 87th consecutive day in protest to his detention without charge or trial. Al-Akhras continues to be locked in under administrative detention despite his critical health. PCHR renews its call upon the international community to pressure Israel to release al-Akhras, as no legal means can be pursued for this purpose due to the nature of administrative detention which is conducted without charge or trial. PCHR urges the High Commissioner for Human Rights and Special Rapporteur for the Occupied Palestinian Territory in 1967 to intervene immediately to facilitate his release.

This week, PCHR documented 178 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 5 civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank, including 2 children and a journalist. The journalist was shot and wounded due to IOF oppression of a protest in Ramallah, 2 Palestinians sustained wounds in IOF suppression of Kafr Qaddum – Qalqilya weekly protest; 2 children wounded in clashes in Hebron.

In the Gaza Strip, 2 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip. Israeli warplanes launched an airstrike at a vacant land eastern Deir al-Balah, Central Gaza.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 97 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 95 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children.

Collective Punishment Policy: As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF sealed Nazmi Asfour’s room; Asfour is imprisoned by Israel and he is from Yabad village in Jenin.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 7 violations, including:

  • Tubas: construction vehicle and truck confiscated; tin-plated barracks (100sqm) demolished, and a spring razed.
  • East Jerusalem: store vacated for demolition, and a tent was demolished;
  • Hebron: 4 facilities demolished;
  • Qalqilya: supermarket demolished;
  • Jericho: a house (made of bricks and tin plates) demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 2 attacks: 25 olive trees damaged in Qaryut; agricultural lands flooded with wastewater in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

 I. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity

  • At approximately 18:00 on Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF stormed the main road of Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They deployed between civilians’ houses and stores, positioned on the rooftops of the buildings and forced stores’ owners to close shop. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses in al-Mahmoud neighborhood, and arrested Mohammed Dawoud Mahmoud (16). Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered at the entrance of the neighborhood and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF vehicles, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Friday, 16 October 2020, villagers from Barqa village, east of Ramallah, organized a peaceful demonstration, attended by Waleed Assaf, the head of the National Commission against the Annexation Wall and Colonies, and a number of foreign solidarity activists. The demonstrators gathered and launched from al-Nour mosque, in the center of the village, heading to the agricultural lands in Ra’s al-‘Aqaba area, northwest of Barqa, adjacent to Bypass (60). The protest was against settlers’ attacks on their lands during the annual olive harvest, as the protestors sang their national slogans calling for ending the occupation and condemning its crimes. As they arrived, they found a group of settlers, protected by the Israeli forces, who attempted to prevent Palestinians from entering their lands for the olive harvest, but the protestors confronted them and managed to access their lands. IOF fired rubber bullets, teargas canisters and sound bombs. The clashes resulted in dozens of protestors suffocating due to teargas inhalation, and (4) civilians were hit with rubber bullets, including the journalist Hisham Abu Shaqra, a photographer at the Anadolu Agency, who was hit with a rubber bullet in the neck. The injured civilians were taken to Palestine Medical Center in Ramallah. During the clashes, IOF attacked the three journalists; Emad Mohammed Is’eid Khaled Sabarna and Abood Younis, by pushing and assaulting them. The clashes continued until 11:00; the settlers set fire to 5 perennial olive trees, parts of them were damaged before the villagers succeeded in putting out the fire.
  • At approximately 12:30 on Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest attended by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 2 civilians were shot; one of them was shot in his chest, and the other was shot in his lower limbs.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Batn al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and deployed between civilians’ houses and stores, and started searching civilians and checking their ID cards. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 17 October 2020, a group of Palestinian activists organized a peaceful protest near the bypass road (317), east of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. The participants raised Palestinian flags and chanted national slogans, until the Israeli forces came and banned the participants to move further. Meanwhile, IOF attacked Suliman Eid al-Hathalin (70), and took him to their military vehicles, and then to a detention center in “Carmiel” settlement; he was released an hour later.
  • At approximately 16:00, a group of young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiya area, in the center of Hebron, where the Israeli soldiers established a military checkpoint on the entrance of al-Shuhada’ closed street. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by chasing the stone-throwers and firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes continued until approximately 19:00 and resulted in 2 children sustaining wounds; a 14-year-old was shot in the head, and a 13-year-old was shot in the right leg. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 08:25 on Sunday, 18 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened heavy fire at them causing fear and panic among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened fire at them and a number of flare bombs in the sky, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, Israeli warplane fired 2 missiles at an empty land east of Wadi al-Salqa village, east of Deir al-Balah, no injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 07:20 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF stationed inside the border fence with Israel east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a, and no injuries were reported. At approximately 14:30, IOF opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara, and no injuries were reported.

II. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 15 October 2020:

  • At approximately 12:35, IOF moved into Sebastya village, northwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ayham Nahed Aqel (21) and Shahed Arafat Kayed (20).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Arafat Hamdan (19) and Mohammed Khalil Hamdan (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jabal al-Mawalih area, in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Awwad Awwad’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Yitma village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Moheeb Lafi Snobar (21) and Oday Ahmed Snobar (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Anas Maher Jouda (23) and Mo’taz Nazih Badawna (21) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:40, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Nobough Najm al-Barghouthi (33) and Melad Tawfiq Sha’ban (32) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Azoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched three houses belonging to Montaser Abdullah Zemari (30) and Esam Rasheed Radwan (31) and his brother Mohammed (33) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kafl Hares village, north of Salfit. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yehya Abdul Fattah al-As’ad (20) and Salem Mohammed Abu Mas’oud (23) and arrested them. Meanwhile, IOF raided and searched Abdul Salam Mahmoud Abu Ya’qoub’s (30) house, by broking the door of the house.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al0Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched dozens of houses and arrested (12) civilians including 4 children and took them to al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem. (Arrestees names are available at PCHR).
  • During dawn hours, IOF moved into al-Zawiya village, west of Salfit. They raided and searched Sohaib Ibrahim Shuqair’s house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Amjad Gharouf and As’ad Ajaj, while documenting the entrance of a Gulf delegation to al-Aqsa Mosque under the Israeli forces’ heavy protection and took them to one of the investigation centers in the occupied city.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Khalayil al-Lawz area, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Morad Melsh’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested Mohammed Khaled Toffaha (21), from the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, while present in al-Sultan Suliman street in the occupied city center. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Tubas and Sebastya in Nablus governorate, Deir Istiya and al-Zawiya villages in Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 16 October 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Owa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Qusai Ghazi al-Shalash’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ashraf Samir Jawabra’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:40, an Israeli infantry unit moved into al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Samir Fayez al-Tirawi (50) and Musallam Yousef Ghawanmah (20).
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Dawoud Amer (34), while passing through it. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbiya village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ibrahim Mohammed Ladadwa’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Lo’ay Ashraf Mahmoud’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Hebron and Beit Kahel in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 17 October 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested 3 civilians, including 2 siblings, taking them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Jevara Ma’an al-Namoura (24), Akram (33)  and Kayed (30) Mohammed al-Fasfous.
  • IOF carried out (10) incursions in Sebastia and Beit Dajan villages in Nablus; Halhul city and Nuba, Taffuh and Hadab villages in Hebron; and Yatma, Iraq Burin, Urif, and Tell villages in Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 18 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ibrahim Nimer al-Nouri’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Khaled Abu al-Hawa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF stationed at al-Za’im military checkpoint, east of occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Mohammed Murshed Za’aqeeq (24), from Beit Ummar village in northern Hebron, while passing through the checkpoint.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested Yousef Ashraf Jawabrah (19) after stopping him at a military checkpoint, at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. Jawabrah was taken to a detention center in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tarqumiyah in Hebron; Jalazone camp in northern Ramallah .No arrests were reported.

Monday, 19 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Adam Yousef ‘Obaid’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Saf Street in central Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner ‘Abed al-Hado ‘Aref Hammad and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Deir Jarir village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Yehia Mosbah ‘Alawi’s (26) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Beit El” settlement, north of Al-Bireh.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Ibrahim Rashad Sowan (21) and Hozaifa ‘Abed al-Naser Ghanem (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Mohammed Helwa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Majd Mohammed Mutair (24) and Fahmi Mohammed ‘Edwan (21) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. They raided and searched 4 houses, from which they arrested Saleem Mazen Jawabrah (19), Qusai Sakem al-Badawi (19), Tamer Samer al-Badawi (20), and Mohammed Jamal al-Badawi (21).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Mohammed Yehia Mutair (29) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched ‘Abed al-Qader ‘amer Abu ‘Ishah’s (59) house and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:58, IOF moved into ‘Atouf village in Central Jordan Valley, east of Tammun village, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF stationed in the village’s eastern side, where they prevented ‘Ayid Mostafa ‘Abed al-Razeq Bani ‘Odah from casting his house roof. IOF also detained the workers’ IDs and ordered the mounted-crane truck owner to leave the village.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Fatama Rabah Abu al-Humus (17) and Sadeen Fadi Mostafa (17) while present on Salah al-Deen Street in central occupied East Jerusalem. IOF pushed them under the pretext that they did not wear masks and imposed fines of NIS 1500 on them. Both of them were taken to a police station on Salah al-Deen Street. Meanwhile, Palestinian young men gathered in the area to help the two girls and verbal altercation erupted between them and IOF. 
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, one of al-Aqsa Mosque neighborhoods. They raided and searched Hamza al-Joulani’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested al-Aqsa Mosque guards Saied al-Salimah (48) and Issa Barakat (42) from their workplace in the al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, taking them to al-Qashla Police Station. They were interrogated for several hours and released later, provided that they will be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for a week.
  • At approximately 18:50, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ameen ‘Obaid’s (46) house and arrested him along with his son ‘Odai (20). It should be noted that ‘Odai served 18 months in the Israeli jails, and he was released few hours before raiding his house.
  • IOF carried out (1) incursion in Al-Bireh city. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 20 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hitham Mer’i Shehada (34) and Saif Hafzi Abu Lebda (27) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Abu Subaieh’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Nour Waleed Mohammed Musbah’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 12:15, IOF stationed at the entrance to  Jit village, north of Qalqilya, arrested Khaled ‘Ali Redwan (26), from Nabi Ilyas village, east of Qalqilya.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm’s eastern neighborhood. They raided and searched a restaurant in the mentioned neighborhood and arrested Amjad Mohammed Ahmed Abu Shanab (45), who is working the restaurant, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed near the entrance to Izbat al-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya, arrested 3 civilians, from Azzun village. The arrestees were identified as Yehia ‘Abed al-Hafiz ‘Ali Edwan (22), Mohammed Qaher Abu Haniyia (22) and Majd Radi Ahmed Radi (24).
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed at Tayaseer military checkpoint, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank, arrested Hitham Nedal Qasrawi (19), from Tubas, while returning from his workplace and passing through the checkpoint.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tulkarm city and in Deir al-Ghusun and Zeita villages in northern Tulkarm .No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 21 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Aida Camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Wesam Yousef Badawna (20) and Mostafa Ibrahim Qanees (34) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:55, IOF moved into Beitunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ahmed Riyad Shehada’s house and arrested his sons ‘Abed al-Hadi (22) and Mohammed (26).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Kalandia Camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mostafa Mohammed Mutair (20) and Osama Nai’em Hamad (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Hamza Habes ‘Alami’s (20) house and arrested him. 
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Ayoub neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mahmoud Mohanad ‘Odah (15) and Sultan Samer Sarhan (15) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Dawha village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Anas ‘Adnan Malash (25) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kafr Qallil village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses and arrested Thaier Waleed ‘Abed al-Jaleel Ahmed ‘Amer (40).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Wadi Abu Freha area, north of Beit Sahour city. They raided and searched Mohammed Ibrahim ‘Abiyat’s (42) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ash-Shuyukh village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Marwan Mohammed Hasasnah’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Nasrallah Mahmoud Mahmoud (18) and Taj al-Deen Maher Muhaisin (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli infantry unit moved into Sebastia village, southwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They arrested Ramzi Naser al-Haj (20), ‘Ali Maher Ghazal (19) and Khaled Nadi ‘Azzam (20).
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Yatta, Surif and Idhna villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Collective Punishment Measures

  • As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF sealed a room belonging to a Palestinian imprisoned by Israel.

According to PCHR’s fieldworker, at approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF accompanied with a truck loaded with plastic pipes filled with water and other materials moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, northern West Bank. They stationed in the village’s southern neighborhood and surrounded ‘Asfour family 3-storey building that shelters 3 families (20 persons, including 8 children). The building is owned by 3 brothers, including Nazmi Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour (49), who is imprisoned by Israel on charges of killing an Israeli soldier in Ya’bad village on 12 May 2020. IOF locked the three families in a room on the ground floor; then soldiers went up to ‘Asfour’s bedroom on the third floor, closed the room and hung a small board on its door written on it: “The room was closed with polyurethane foam (a flammable substance that has an unpleasant odor), upon an order issued by the Israeli military commander.” At approximately 06:30, IOF withdrew, but the family was unable to enter the building due to the foul smell stemming from the substance placed in the room.

Ra’fat ‘Atiyia Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour (25) stated the following to PCHR’s fieldworker:

At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF raided our 3-storey house in al-Saliymah neighborhood in Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. The house shelters 3 siblings and their families. I live on the 1st floor along with my father ‘Atiya Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour, my mother, and my brother; while my uncle Rebhi and his family of 7 members live on the 2nd floor; and my uncle Nazmi and his family of 9 members live on the 3rd floor. IOF detained us in one room located on the 1st floor. Meanwhile, some soldiers went up to the third floor and entered my uncle’s bedroom, who is a prisoner in Israeli jails, and closed it upon an order issued by the Israeli military commander. My family denies all charges against my uncle Nazmi. IOF stayed in the building until 6:30. After their withdrawal, we headed towards the third floor, but we could not enter the building due to the unpleasant smell emanating from the material placed in the room. I could see a board written on it “Upon a decision issued by the Israeli military commander, the room was closed with polyurethane foam.”

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 14:05 on Thursday, 14 October 2020, IOF stormed Al-Hamma village in Jordan’s northern valleys, southeast of Tubas, north of the West bank. IOF confiscated a bulldozer and a truck, which were beside an agricultural road that was paved in the abovementioned village. The confiscated bulldozer and the truck that were owned by Obai Mustafa Kamel Thaher, from Ain Al Beida village in Jordan’s northern valleys were taken to “Mehola” settlement in the northern valleys without any confiscation paper.  IOF claimed that the confiscation was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • On Saturday morning, 17 October 2020, Ayman Mousa Ja’abis started evacuating his commercial shop in al-Salah neighborhood in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem in order to self-demolish to implement the Israeli Municipality’s decision under the pretext of illegal construction.

Ja’abis said that he established his 60-square-meter shop to sell construction materials in 2015. After one week of his construction, Israeli municipality raided the shop and handed Ja’abis the demolition decision. Ja’abis clarified that he headed to the Israeli court to freeze the demolition decision and he hired a lawyer and an engineer to start measures of obtaining the shop. He added that the Israeli municipality rejected giving him a license under the pretext of establishing “The American Road” Project and imposed a fine of NIS 70,000 in addition to the lawyer and the engineer’s fees. Ja’abis emphasized that IOF lately raided his shop and gave 72 hours to demolish it, or the municipality crews will demolish it and then impose him demolition costs. Therefore, he had to self-demolish his shop. Ja’abis said that his shop was his sole source of income for him and his family comprised of 7 individuals and he searched for a small shop in the village and nearby villages, but he failed to find one.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles, a bulldozer, and 2 diggers, and accompanied with Civil Administration officers stormed al-Fakhit area, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed in the area while the bulldozers demolished  4 facilities owned by  Akram Sari Mohammed Nawajah (45):
  • A tent comprised of shader and built on (20sqm) and used as a store.
  • A residential room built of bricks and tin plate on (30sqm).
  • Barracks build of tin plate and rocks on (130sqm) and used for sheltering 100 sheep.
  • A barn built of shader and rocks on an area of (80sqm).
  • At approximately 10:40 on Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration officers and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Farisiyah village in Jordan’s northern valleys, east of Tubas. The demolished a barracks built on (100sqm) used for living owned by Radad Hamed Rezeq Daraghmah. The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The bulldozer also demolished a water spring that was repaired more than 7 years ago by a group of hydrologists. Demolishing it caused damage to a fish project. IOF also confiscated a vehicle and power engine owned by Daraghmah.
  • At approximately 00:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, IOF accompanied with a bulldozer stormed Qalqilya. They demolished a market stall built on (500sqm) owned by Abdulla Abdul Fattah Yasin and Mahdi Redwan Dawoud, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (G) that is under the IOF’s control. It should be noted that the demolition implemented before the end of the appeal period to the Israeli Supreme Court as no final decision was issued for the demolition. The owners received a demolition notice 4 months ago and they hired a lawyer who filed a case. However, the submitted appeal received no response.
  •  On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF demolished a tent in Beit Iksa village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem and forced its owner to leave it by force. Beit Iksa Village’s Municipality stated that IOF stormed north of the village and demolished a tent owned by Khalil Abu Dahouk and forced him to leave the area along with his sheep. It should be noted that Beit Iksa village faces difficult conditions as IOF established a permanent checkpoint at its entrance and they prevent civilians from entering or leaving it, except under impossible conditions. IOF also deny this village’s resident from communication with other adjacent villages. Beit Iksa village also is subjected to harassments by IOF that seek to isolate it from other villages. IOF allow Beit Iksa village’s residents to live and construct in 700 dunums only of a 7398 dunums of the village. The Israeli the Israeli Civil Administration  seize control of most of the village distance and use it to prevents its residents from urban expansion in the village that is surrounded by the annexation wall. IOF also confiscated large areas of Beit Iksa lands for various purposes, such as establishing “Ramot” and “Har Shmuel” Settlements in addition to the annexation wall that isolates the village of its agricultural lands.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by several military SUVs and accompanied with Civil Administration officers and a digger stormed “Tal Al-Samadi” area in Jiftlik village, north of Jericho. They demolished a house built of bricks and tin plates on (40sqm) owned by Hasan Salem Ka’abna under the pretext of illegal construction.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 06:00 on Saturday, 17 October 2020, Bilal Mohammed Raja went to his land in al-Sahlat area, east of Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus near Shvut Rachel settlement, to harvest the olive. Raja found out that Israeli settlers broke and uprooted 25 olive trees, knowing that these trees were implanted 6 years ago.
  • On Monday morning, 19 October 2020, a group of setters from “Elon Moreh” settlement established on lands of Salim, Azmut , and Deir al-Hatab villages, northeast of Nablus, pumped waste-water from inside their settlement to civilians’ lands implanted with olive trees in the eastern side of Deir al-Hatab village, coinciding with the time to harvest the olive, which caused  big loss for farmers after the trees were polluted.

V. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 58 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 9 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Beit Ijza village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, east of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the northern entrance to Tuqu village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, and the southern entrance to Nahalin village, west of the city.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, northern entrance to al-Khader village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 20 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, and the square of Fureidis village, east of Bethlehem.
  •  On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection to Tuqu village, the intersection to al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ras Karkar village, west of Ramallah.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the intersection of At-Tayba village ( at the road linking between Ramallah and Jericho), east of Ramallah, the entrance to Ein Yabrud village, east of the city, and the main entrance to Nabi Salih village, northeast of Ramallah.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Yatta, Dura, and as-Samu village.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Surif and Bani Na’im villages.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: al-Fawar refugee camp, Ash-Shuyukh village, Hebron’s southern entrance, and Kharsa village.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: Hebron’s northern entrance, al-Aroub refugee camp, and Jalajel village.
  • On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established 7 checkpoints at the entrances to Idhna village, al-Fawar refugee camp, ad-Dhahiriya village, Hebron’s southern, entrance, and northern entrances, and as-Samu village.

Nablus:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sarra village, southwest of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at al-Marba’a area ( at the road linking between villages in southeast and southwest of Nablus).
  • On Monday 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sebastia village (at the road linking between Nablus and Jenin).

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection to Zahrat al-Fenjan, and the entrance to Az-Zawiya village, south of Jenin.
  • On Sunday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Yabad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a t the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Istiya village, north of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the road linking between Azzun and Jayyous villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho. The soldiers searched civilians and checked their ID cards.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint near the Arab Development Society, east of Jericho.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint  at the southern entrance to Jericho.
IOF closed prisoner Nazmi ‘Asfour’s room in Jenin

15 – 21 October 2020

  • 5 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children and a journalist, wounded in IOF excessive use of force
  • shootings reported at agricultural lands and 2 others against fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 97 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 95 civilians arrested, including 8 children
  • Collective punishment policy: IOF seals a detainee’s room in Jenin
  • Settler-attacks: Olive trees damaged, and lands flooded with wastewater in the West Bank
  • IOF established 85 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 9 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks rendered 5 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force. IOF also continued to create new-facts on the  ground by maintain its policy of demolishing, confiscating and razing Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes. Israeli-settler attacks witnessed an increase against farmers and agricultural lands as this time of the year marks the olive harvest season.

The publishing of this report is accompanied by the rapidly deteriorating health condition of on-hunger-strike Palestinian administrative detainee Maher al-Akhras (50); al-Akhras has been on hunger strike since the first day of his arrest by IOF on 27 July 2020, marking the 87th consecutive day in protest to his detention without charge or trial. Al-Akhras continues to be locked in under administrative detention despite his critical health. PCHR renews its call upon the international community to pressure Israel to release al-Akhras, as no legal means can be pursued for this purpose due to the nature of administrative detention which is conducted without charge or trial. PCHR urges the High Commissioner for Human Rights and Special Rapporteur for the Occupied Palestinian Territory in 1967 to intervene immediately to facilitate his release.

This week, PCHR documented 178 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 5 civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank, including 2 children and a journalist. The journalist was shot and wounded due to IOF oppression of a protest in Ramallah, 2 Palestinians sustained wounds in IOF suppression of Kafr Qaddum – Qalqilya weekly protest; 2 children wounded in clashes in Hebron.

In the Gaza Strip, 2 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip. Israeli warplanes launched an airstrike at a vacant land eastern Deir al-Balah, Central Gaza.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 97 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 95 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children.

Collective Punishment Policy: As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF sealed Nazmi Asfour’s room; Asfour is imprisoned by Israel and he is from Yabad village in Jenin.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 7 violations, including:

  • Tubas: construction vehicle and truck confiscated; tin-plated barracks (100sqm) demolished, and a spring razed.
  • East Jerusalem: store vacated for demolition, and a tent was demolished;
  • Hebron: 4 facilities demolished;
  • Qalqilya: supermarket demolished;
  • Jericho: a house (made of bricks and tin plates) demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 2 attacks: 25 olive trees damaged in Qaryut; agricultural lands flooded with wastewater in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

 I. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity

  • At approximately 18:00 on Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF stormed the main road of Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They deployed between civilians’ houses and stores, positioned on the rooftops of the buildings and forced stores’ owners to close shop. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses in al-Mahmoud neighborhood, and arrested Mohammed Dawoud Mahmoud (16). Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered at the entrance of the neighborhood and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF vehicles, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Friday, 16 October 2020, villagers from Barqa village, east of Ramallah, organized a peaceful demonstration, attended by Waleed Assaf, the head of the National Commission against the Annexation Wall and Colonies, and a number of foreign solidarity activists. The demonstrators gathered and launched from al-Nour mosque, in the center of the village, heading to the agricultural lands in Ra’s al-‘Aqaba area, northwest of Barqa, adjacent to Bypass (60). The protest was against settlers’ attacks on their lands during the annual olive harvest, as the protestors sang their national slogans calling for ending the occupation and condemning its crimes. As they arrived, they found a group of settlers, protected by the Israeli forces, who attempted to prevent Palestinians from entering their lands for the olive harvest, but the protestors confronted them and managed to access their lands. IOF fired rubber bullets, teargas canisters and sound bombs. The clashes resulted in dozens of protestors suffocating due to teargas inhalation, and (4) civilians were hit with rubber bullets, including the journalist Hisham Abu Shaqra, a photographer at the Anadolu Agency, who was hit with a rubber bullet in the neck. The injured civilians were taken to Palestine Medical Center in Ramallah. During the clashes, IOF attacked the three journalists; Emad Mohammed Is’eid Khaled Sabarna and Abood Younis, by pushing and assaulting them. The clashes continued until 11:00; the settlers set fire to 5 perennial olive trees, parts of them were damaged before the villagers succeeded in putting out the fire.
  • At approximately 12:30 on Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest attended by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 2 civilians were shot; one of them was shot in his chest, and the other was shot in his lower limbs.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Batn al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and deployed between civilians’ houses and stores, and started searching civilians and checking their ID cards. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 17 October 2020, a group of Palestinian activists organized a peaceful protest near the bypass road (317), east of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. The participants raised Palestinian flags and chanted national slogans, until the Israeli forces came and banned the participants to move further. Meanwhile, IOF attacked Suliman Eid al-Hathalin (70), and took him to their military vehicles, and then to a detention center in “Carmiel” settlement; he was released an hour later.
  • At approximately 16:00, a group of young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiya area, in the center of Hebron, where the Israeli soldiers established a military checkpoint on the entrance of al-Shuhada’ closed street. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by chasing the stone-throwers and firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes continued until approximately 19:00 and resulted in 2 children sustaining wounds; a 14-year-old was shot in the head, and a 13-year-old was shot in the right leg. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocating due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 08:25 on Sunday, 18 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened heavy fire at them causing fear and panic among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off  al-Sudaniya shore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, and in al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 4 nautical miles, opened fire at them and a number of flare bombs in the sky, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, Israeli warplane fired 2 missiles at an empty land east of Wadi al-Salqa village, east of Deir al-Balah, no injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 07:20 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF stationed inside the border fence with Israel east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a, and no injuries were reported. At approximately 14:30, IOF opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara, and no injuries were reported.

II. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 15 October 2020:

  • At approximately 12:35, IOF moved into Sebastya village, northwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ayham Nahed Aqel (21) and Shahed Arafat Kayed (20).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Arafat Hamdan (19) and Mohammed Khalil Hamdan (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jabal al-Mawalih area, in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Awwad Awwad’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Yitma village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Moheeb Lafi Snobar (21) and Oday Ahmed Snobar (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Anas Maher Jouda (23) and Mo’taz Nazih Badawna (21) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:40, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Nobough Najm al-Barghouthi (33) and Melad Tawfiq Sha’ban (32) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Azoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched three houses belonging to Montaser Abdullah Zemari (30) and Esam Rasheed Radwan (31) and his brother Mohammed (33) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kafl Hares village, north of Salfit. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yehya Abdul Fattah al-As’ad (20) and Salem Mohammed Abu Mas’oud (23) and arrested them. Meanwhile, IOF raided and searched Abdul Salam Mahmoud Abu Ya’qoub’s (30) house, by broking the door of the house.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al0Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched dozens of houses and arrested (12) civilians including 4 children and took them to al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem. (Arrestees names are available at PCHR).
  • During dawn hours, IOF moved into al-Zawiya village, west of Salfit. They raided and searched Sohaib Ibrahim Shuqair’s house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Amjad Gharouf and As’ad Ajaj, while documenting the entrance of a Gulf delegation to al-Aqsa Mosque under the Israeli forces’ heavy protection and took them to one of the investigation centers in the occupied city.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Khalayil al-Lawz area, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Morad Melsh’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested Mohammed Khaled Toffaha (21), from the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, while present in al-Sultan Suliman street in the occupied city center. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Tubas and Sebastya in Nablus governorate, Deir Istiya and al-Zawiya villages in Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 16 October 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Owa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Qusai Ghazi al-Shalash’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ashraf Samir Jawabra’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:40, an Israeli infantry unit moved into al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Samir Fayez al-Tirawi (50) and Musallam Yousef Ghawanmah (20).
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Dawoud Amer (34), while passing through it. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbiya village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ibrahim Mohammed Ladadwa’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Lo’ay Ashraf Mahmoud’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Hebron and Beit Kahel in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 17 October 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested 3 civilians, including 2 siblings, taking them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Jevara Ma’an al-Namoura (24), Akram (33)  and Kayed (30) Mohammed al-Fasfous.
  • IOF carried out (10) incursions in Sebastia and Beit Dajan villages in Nablus; Halhul city and Nuba, Taffuh and Hadab villages in Hebron; and Yatma, Iraq Burin, Urif, and Tell villages in Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 18 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ibrahim Nimer al-Nouri’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Khaled Abu al-Hawa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF stationed at al-Za’im military checkpoint, east of occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Mohammed Murshed Za’aqeeq (24), from Beit Ummar village in northern Hebron, while passing through the checkpoint.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested Yousef Ashraf Jawabrah (19) after stopping him at a military checkpoint, at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. Jawabrah was taken to a detention center in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tarqumiyah in Hebron; Jalazone camp in northern Ramallah .No arrests were reported.

Monday, 19 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Adam Yousef ‘Obaid’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Saf Street in central Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner ‘Abed al-Hado ‘Aref Hammad and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Deir Jarir village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Yehia Mosbah ‘Alawi’s (26) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Beit El” settlement, north of Al-Bireh.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Ibrahim Rashad Sowan (21) and Hozaifa ‘Abed al-Naser Ghanem (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Mohammed Helwa’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Majd Mohammed Mutair (24) and Fahmi Mohammed ‘Edwan (21) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. They raided and searched 4 houses, from which they arrested Saleem Mazen Jawabrah (19), Qusai Sakem al-Badawi (19), Tamer Samer al-Badawi (20), and Mohammed Jamal al-Badawi (21).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Mohammed Yehia Mutair (29) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched ‘Abed al-Qader ‘amer Abu ‘Ishah’s (59) house and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:58, IOF moved into ‘Atouf village in Central Jordan Valley, east of Tammun village, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF stationed in the village’s eastern side, where they prevented ‘Ayid Mostafa ‘Abed al-Razeq Bani ‘Odah from casting his house roof. IOF also detained the workers’ IDs and ordered the mounted-crane truck owner to leave the village.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Fatama Rabah Abu al-Humus (17) and Sadeen Fadi Mostafa (17) while present on Salah al-Deen Street in central occupied East Jerusalem. IOF pushed them under the pretext that they did not wear masks and imposed fines of NIS 1500 on them. Both of them were taken to a police station on Salah al-Deen Street. Meanwhile, Palestinian young men gathered in the area to help the two girls and verbal altercation erupted between them and IOF. 
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, one of al-Aqsa Mosque neighborhoods. They raided and searched Hamza al-Joulani’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested al-Aqsa Mosque guards Saied al-Salimah (48) and Issa Barakat (42) from their workplace in the al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, taking them to al-Qashla Police Station. They were interrogated for several hours and released later, provided that they will be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for a week.
  • At approximately 18:50, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ameen ‘Obaid’s (46) house and arrested him along with his son ‘Odai (20). It should be noted that ‘Odai served 18 months in the Israeli jails, and he was released few hours before raiding his house.
  • IOF carried out (1) incursion in Al-Bireh city. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 20 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hitham Mer’i Shehada (34) and Saif Hafzi Abu Lebda (27) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Abu Subaieh’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Nour Waleed Mohammed Musbah’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 12:15, IOF stationed at the entrance to  Jit village, north of Qalqilya, arrested Khaled ‘Ali Redwan (26), from Nabi Ilyas village, east of Qalqilya.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm’s eastern neighborhood. They raided and searched a restaurant in the mentioned neighborhood and arrested Amjad Mohammed Ahmed Abu Shanab (45), who is working the restaurant, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed near the entrance to Izbat al-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya, arrested 3 civilians, from Azzun village. The arrestees were identified as Yehia ‘Abed al-Hafiz ‘Ali Edwan (22), Mohammed Qaher Abu Haniyia (22) and Majd Radi Ahmed Radi (24).
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed at Tayaseer military checkpoint, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank, arrested Hitham Nedal Qasrawi (19), from Tubas, while returning from his workplace and passing through the checkpoint.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tulkarm city and in Deir al-Ghusun and Zeita villages in northern Tulkarm .No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 21 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Aida Camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Wesam Yousef Badawna (20) and Mostafa Ibrahim Qanees (34) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:55, IOF moved into Beitunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ahmed Riyad Shehada’s house and arrested his sons ‘Abed al-Hadi (22) and Mohammed (26).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Kalandia Camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mostafa Mohammed Mutair (20) and Osama Nai’em Hamad (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Hamza Habes ‘Alami’s (20) house and arrested him. 
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Ayoub neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mahmoud Mohanad ‘Odah (15) and Sultan Samer Sarhan (15) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Dawha village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner Anas ‘Adnan Malash (25) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kafr Qallil village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched houses and arrested Thaier Waleed ‘Abed al-Jaleel Ahmed ‘Amer (40).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Wadi Abu Freha area, north of Beit Sahour city. They raided and searched Mohammed Ibrahim ‘Abiyat’s (42) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ash-Shuyukh village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Marwan Mohammed Hasasnah’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Nasrallah Mahmoud Mahmoud (18) and Taj al-Deen Maher Muhaisin (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli infantry unit moved into Sebastia village, southwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They arrested Ramzi Naser al-Haj (20), ‘Ali Maher Ghazal (19) and Khaled Nadi ‘Azzam (20).
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Yatta, Surif and Idhna villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Collective Punishment Measures

  • As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF sealed a room belonging to a Palestinian imprisoned by Israel.

According to PCHR’s fieldworker, at approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF accompanied with a truck loaded with plastic pipes filled with water and other materials moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, northern West Bank. They stationed in the village’s southern neighborhood and surrounded ‘Asfour family 3-storey building that shelters 3 families (20 persons, including 8 children). The building is owned by 3 brothers, including Nazmi Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour (49), who is imprisoned by Israel on charges of killing an Israeli soldier in Ya’bad village on 12 May 2020. IOF locked the three families in a room on the ground floor; then soldiers went up to ‘Asfour’s bedroom on the third floor, closed the room and hung a small board on its door written on it: “The room was closed with polyurethane foam (a flammable substance that has an unpleasant odor), upon an order issued by the Israeli military commander.” At approximately 06:30, IOF withdrew, but the family was unable to enter the building due to the foul smell stemming from the substance placed in the room.

Ra’fat ‘Atiyia Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour (25) stated the following to PCHR’s fieldworker:

At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF raided our 3-storey house in al-Saliymah neighborhood in Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. The house shelters 3 siblings and their families. I live on the 1st floor along with my father ‘Atiya Mohammed Yunis ‘Asfour, my mother, and my brother; while my uncle Rebhi and his family of 7 members live on the 2nd floor; and my uncle Nazmi and his family of 9 members live on the 3rd floor. IOF detained us in one room located on the 1st floor. Meanwhile, some soldiers went up to the third floor and entered my uncle’s bedroom, who is a prisoner in Israeli jails, and closed it upon an order issued by the Israeli military commander. My family denies all charges against my uncle Nazmi. IOF stayed in the building until 6:30. After their withdrawal, we headed towards the third floor, but we could not enter the building due to the unpleasant smell emanating from the material placed in the room. I could see a board written on it “Upon a decision issued by the Israeli military commander, the room was closed with polyurethane foam.”

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 14:05 on Thursday, 14 October 2020, IOF stormed Al-Hamma village in Jordan’s northern valleys, southeast of Tubas, north of the West bank. IOF confiscated a bulldozer and a truck, which were beside an agricultural road that was paved in the abovementioned village. The confiscated bulldozer and the truck that were owned by Obai Mustafa Kamel Thaher, from Ain Al Beida village in Jordan’s northern valleys were taken to “Mehola” settlement in the northern valleys without any confiscation paper.  IOF claimed that the confiscation was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • On Saturday morning, 17 October 2020, Ayman Mousa Ja’abis started evacuating his commercial shop in al-Salah neighborhood in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem in order to self-demolish to implement the Israeli Municipality’s decision under the pretext of illegal construction.

Ja’abis said that he established his 60-square-meter shop to sell construction materials in 2015. After one week of his construction, Israeli municipality raided the shop and handed Ja’abis the demolition decision. Ja’abis clarified that he headed to the Israeli court to freeze the demolition decision and he hired a lawyer and an engineer to start measures of obtaining the shop. He added that the Israeli municipality rejected giving him a license under the pretext of establishing “The American Road” Project and imposed a fine of NIS 70,000 in addition to the lawyer and the engineer’s fees. Ja’abis emphasized that IOF lately raided his shop and gave 72 hours to demolish it, or the municipality crews will demolish it and then impose him demolition costs. Therefore, he had to self-demolish his shop. Ja’abis said that his shop was his sole source of income for him and his family comprised of 7 individuals and he searched for a small shop in the village and nearby villages, but he failed to find one.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles, a bulldozer, and 2 diggers, and accompanied with Civil Administration officers stormed al-Fakhit area, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed in the area while the bulldozers demolished  4 facilities owned by  Akram Sari Mohammed Nawajah (45):
  • A tent comprised of shader and built on (20sqm) and used as a store.
  • A residential room built of bricks and tin plate on (30sqm).
  • Barracks build of tin plate and rocks on (130sqm) and used for sheltering 100 sheep.
  • A barn built of shader and rocks on an area of (80sqm).
  • At approximately 10:40 on Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration officers and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Farisiyah village in Jordan’s northern valleys, east of Tubas. The demolished a barracks built on (100sqm) used for living owned by Radad Hamed Rezeq Daraghmah. The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). The bulldozer also demolished a water spring that was repaired more than 7 years ago by a group of hydrologists. Demolishing it caused damage to a fish project. IOF also confiscated a vehicle and power engine owned by Daraghmah.
  • At approximately 00:00 on Tuesday, 20 October 2020, IOF accompanied with a bulldozer stormed Qalqilya. They demolished a market stall built on (500sqm) owned by Abdulla Abdul Fattah Yasin and Mahdi Redwan Dawoud, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (G) that is under the IOF’s control. It should be noted that the demolition implemented before the end of the appeal period to the Israeli Supreme Court as no final decision was issued for the demolition. The owners received a demolition notice 4 months ago and they hired a lawyer who filed a case. However, the submitted appeal received no response.
  •  On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF demolished a tent in Beit Iksa village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem and forced its owner to leave it by force. Beit Iksa Village’s Municipality stated that IOF stormed north of the village and demolished a tent owned by Khalil Abu Dahouk and forced him to leave the area along with his sheep. It should be noted that Beit Iksa village faces difficult conditions as IOF established a permanent checkpoint at its entrance and they prevent civilians from entering or leaving it, except under impossible conditions. IOF also deny this village’s resident from communication with other adjacent villages. Beit Iksa village also is subjected to harassments by IOF that seek to isolate it from other villages. IOF allow Beit Iksa village’s residents to live and construct in 700 dunums only of a 7398 dunums of the village. The Israeli the Israeli Civil Administration  seize control of most of the village distance and use it to prevents its residents from urban expansion in the village that is surrounded by the annexation wall. IOF also confiscated large areas of Beit Iksa lands for various purposes, such as establishing “Ramot” and “Har Shmuel” Settlements in addition to the annexation wall that isolates the village of its agricultural lands.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by several military SUVs and accompanied with Civil Administration officers and a digger stormed “Tal Al-Samadi” area in Jiftlik village, north of Jericho. They demolished a house built of bricks and tin plates on (40sqm) owned by Hasan Salem Ka’abna under the pretext of illegal construction.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 06:00 on Saturday, 17 October 2020, Bilal Mohammed Raja went to his land in al-Sahlat area, east of Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus near Shvut Rachel settlement, to harvest the olive. Raja found out that Israeli settlers broke and uprooted 25 olive trees, knowing that these trees were implanted 6 years ago.
  • On Monday morning, 19 October 2020, a group of setters from “Elon Moreh” settlement established on lands of Salim, Azmut , and Deir al-Hatab villages, northeast of Nablus, pumped waste-water from inside their settlement to civilians’ lands implanted with olive trees in the eastern side of Deir al-Hatab village, coinciding with the time to harvest the olive, which caused  big loss for farmers after the trees were polluted.

V. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 58 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 9 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Beit Ijza village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, east of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the northern entrance to Tuqu village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, and the southern entrance to Nahalin village, west of the city.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, northern entrance to al-Khader village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 20 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, and the square of Fureidis village, east of Bethlehem.
  •  On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection to Tuqu village, the intersection to al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ras Karkar village, west of Ramallah.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the intersection of At-Tayba village ( at the road linking between Ramallah and Jericho), east of Ramallah, the entrance to Ein Yabrud village, east of the city, and the main entrance to Nabi Salih village, northeast of Ramallah.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Yatta, Dura, and as-Samu village.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Surif and Bani Na’im villages.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: al-Fawar refugee camp, Ash-Shuyukh village, Hebron’s southern entrance, and Kharsa village.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: Hebron’s northern entrance, al-Aroub refugee camp, and Jalajel village.
  • On Wednesday, 21 October 2020, IOF established 7 checkpoints at the entrances to Idhna village, al-Fawar refugee camp, ad-Dhahiriya village, Hebron’s southern, entrance, and northern entrances, and as-Samu village.

Nablus:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sarra village, southwest of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at al-Marba’a area ( at the road linking between villages in southeast and southwest of Nablus).
  • On Monday 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sebastia village (at the road linking between Nablus and Jenin).

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection to Zahrat al-Fenjan, and the entrance to Az-Zawiya village, south of Jenin.
  • On Sunday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Yabad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a t the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Friday, 16 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Istiya village, north of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the road linking between Azzun and Jayyous villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Sunday, 18 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 15 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho. The soldiers searched civilians and checked their ID cards.
  • On Saturday, 17 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint near the Arab Development Society, east of Jericho.
  • On Monday, 19 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint  at the southern entrance to Jericho.
IOF closed prisoner Nazmi ‘Asfour’s room in Jenin
PCHR’s fieldworker, Emad Abu Hawash documents IOF demolition in Hebron

The 2020 Election: Nothing Will Change

By Robert Fantina

Global Research, October 25, 2020

With the first of three scheduled presidential debates (aka brawl) between President Donald Trump and his opponent, former vice-president Joe Biden, now history, the pundits will fall all over themselves to determine what it all means. Who won? Did either candidate deliver a fatal blow to the election chances of the other? Did Biden disprove the Trump-encouraged rumors about his senility? Did Trump manage to sway any undecided voters?

We will not dwell here on the fact that many other, highly-qualified candidates are running for president (this writer, a U.S. citizen who moved to Canada fifteen years ago, will vote for Gloria La Riva of the Party for Socialism and Liberation for president).

No, with all the discussion about Trump and Biden, it is beneficial, this writer thinks, to consider what continues to happen in the world, that has lost the attention of the press, and therefore, the public. We will present a short, albeit incomplete, list.

Internationally:

  • Millions of people in Yemen, many of them children, risk starvation due to the U.S.-supported Saudi Arabian assault on that nation.
  • Palestinians still live under the harshest and most brutal conditions in the world, all financed and supported by the United States.
  • The U.S. war against the people of Afghanistan continues in it’s nineteenth year. A large segment of the Afghan population now has never known anything but war.
  • The people of Iran continue to struggle in many ways – economically and medically – against U.S. sanctions, imposed when the U.S., against the wishes of the other participants of the agreement and most of the world community, violated the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
  • The people of Venezuela struggle against sanctions, also imposed by the United States, because they had the temerity to re-elect a president displeasing to the U.S. Trump and his cohorts say that Nicholas Maduro is not the legitimate president, forgetting or ignoring the fact that Trump himself did not win the majority vote in the 2016 U.S. presidential election. His odious opponent in that election, Hillary Clinton, did.
  • Migrant children continue to be caged at theS. – Mexico border.
  • The U.S. continues to maintain the most cordial relations with some of the world’s major violators of human rights, including Israel and Saudi Arabia. This should not be surprising, since the U.S. itself made the list of ’10 Global Hotspots for Major Human Rights Violations in 2017’, and things have only worsened since then.
  • As India heads towards genocide in Kashmir, the U.S. government, not wanting to annoy the Indian government, ignores it, as it ignores the Israeli genocide of the Palestinians.

Domestically Trump vs Biden: Lose/Lose for Palestine

It is, perhaps, whimsical for this writer to hope that the public will concern itself with these issues, and ponder carefully the upcoming election. Yes, another Supreme Court appointment by Trump could turn back the U.S. clock to a time of very limited consumer protections, a further reduction of environmental regulations, and greater racial inequality (even worse than it is today), and a host of other hard-won victories. Black lives will not matter; international law will continue to be held in contempt (although that is business-as-usual for the U.S.), and U.S. warmongering and war-making will continue, with all the destruction and slaughter of innocent men, women and children that that always brings.

There are some people who believe a Biden presidency will usher in change. Has hell frozen over? He has a long record in government of ‘business as usual’, so looking for change from him and the Democratic Party is an exercise in futility.

Others praise Trump as an effective leader, one who has done much to help the people of the nation.  This narrative deserves a prominent place with ‘Goldilocks and the Three Bears’, ‘Cinderella’, ‘Jack and the Bean Stalk’ and other fairy tales. It, like them, has no basis in reality and is simply a figment of the collective right-wing imagination.

The United States, from its earliest years, has a been a force for violence, destruction and death on the global stage. As its wealth and power have increased, so have its violent tendencies. It overthrows foreign governments, invades sovereign nations, issues crippling sanctions against governments and individuals that displease it, and threaten its allies if they don’t follow along.

The 2020 election will change none of this.

It is said that a sign of insanity is doing the same thing repeatedly and expecting a different result. Unless and until the public stops looking to the Democratic and Republican Parties for solutions to problems, leadership in troubled times and assistance in creating and maintaining a peaceful world, no election will alter the tragic and violent trajectory of the United States. The longer that recognition is delayed, the more people will suffer, in the U.S. and around the globe.

*

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Featured image is from InfoWarsThe original source of this article is Global ResearchCopyright © Robert Fantina, Global Research, 2020

European Hypocrisy: Empty Words for Palestine, Deadly Weapons for Israel

October 21, 2020

Palestinian PM Mohammad Shtayyeh makes a speech via video conference at the European Parliament Committee meeting on Foreign Affair. (Photo: via WAFA)

By Ramzy Baroud

In theory, Europe and the United States stand on completely opposite sides when it comes to the Israeli occupation of Palestine. While the US government has fully embraced the tragic status quo created by 53 years of Israeli military occupation, the EU continues to advocate a negotiated settlement that is predicated on respect for international law.

In practice, however, despite the seeming rift between Washington and Brussels, the outcome is, essentially, the same. The US and Europe are Israel’s largest trade partners, weapon suppliers and political advocates.

One of the reasons that the illusion of an even-handed Europe has been maintained for so long lies partly in the Palestinian leadership itself. Politically and financially abandoned by Washington, the Palestinian Authority of Mahmoud Abbas has turned to the European Union as its only possible savior.

“Europe believes in the two-state solution,” PA Prime Minister, Mohammad Shtayyeh, said during a video discussion with the European Parliament’s Committee on Foreign Affairs on October 12. Unlike the US, Europe’s continued advocacy of the defunct two-state solution qualifies it to fill the massive gap created by Washington’s absence.

Shtayyeh called on EU leaders to “recognize the State of Palestine in order for us, and you, to break the status quo.”

However, there are already 139 countries that recognize the State of Palestine. While that recognition is a clear indication that the world remains firmly pro-Palestinian, recognizing Palestine as a State changes little on the ground. What is needed are concerted efforts to hold Israel accountable for its violent occupation as well as real action to support the struggle of Palestinians.

Not only has the EU failed at this, it is, in fact, doing the exact opposite: funding Israel, arming its military and silencing its critics.

Listening to Shtayyeh’s words, one gets the impression that the top Palestinian official is addressing a conference of Arab, Muslim or socialist countries. “I call upon your Parliament and your distinguished Members of this Parliament, that Europe not wait for the American President to come up with ideas … We need a third party who can really remedy the imbalance in the relationship between an occupied people and an occupier country, that is Israel,” he said.

But is the EU qualified to be that ‘third party’? No. For decades, European governments have been an integral part of the US-Israel party. Just because the Donald Trump administration has, recently, taken a sharp turn in favor of Israel should not automatically transform Europe’s historical pro-Israel bias to be mistaken for pro-Palestinian solidarity.

Last June, more than 1,000 European parliamentarians representing various political parties issued a statement expressing “serious concerns” about Trump’s so-called Deal of the Century and opposing Israeli annexation of nearly a third of the West Bank. However, the pro-Israel US Democratic Party, including some traditionally staunch supporters of Israel, were equally critical of Israel’s plan because, in their minds, annexation means that a two-state solution would be made impossible.

While US Democrats made it clear that a Joe Biden administration would not reverse any of Trump’s actions should Biden be elected, European governments have also made it clear that they will not take a single action to dissuade – let alone punish – Israel for its repeated violations of international law.

Lip service is all that Palestinians have obtained from Europe, as well as much money, which was largely pocketed by loyalists of Abbas in the name of ‘State-building’ and other fantasies. Tellingly, much of the imaginary Palestinian State infrastructure that was subsidized by Europe in recent years has been blown up, demolished or construction ceased by the Israeli military during its various wars and raids. Yet, neither did the EU punish Israel, nor did the PA cease from asking for more money to continue funding a non-existent State.

Not only did the EU fail to hold Israel accountable for its ongoing occupation and human rights violations, it is practically financing Israel, as well. According to Defence News, a quarter of all of Israel’s military export contracts (totaling $7.2 billion in 2019 alone) is allocated to European countries.

Moreover, Europe is Israel’s largest trading partner, absorbing one-third of Israel’s total exports and shipping to Israel nearly 40% of its total import. These numbers also include products made in illegal Jewish settlements.

Additionally, the EU labors to incorporate Israel into the European way of life through cultural and music contests, sports competitions, and in a myriad other ways. While the EU possesses powerful tools that can be used to exact political concessions and enforce respect for international law, it opts to simply do very little.

Compare this with the recent ultimatum the EU has given the Palestinian leadership, linking EU aid to the PA’s financial ties with Israel. Last May, Abbas took the extraordinary step of considering all agreements with Israel and the US to be null and void. Effectively, this means that the PA would no longer be accountable for the stifling status quo that was created by the Oslo Accords, which was repeatedly violated by Tel Aviv and Washington. Severing ties with Israel also meant that the PA would refuse to accept nearly $150 million in tax revenues that Israel collects on behalf of the PA. This Palestinian step, while long overdue, was necessary.

Instead of supporting Abbas’ move, the EU criticized it, refusing to provide additional aid for Palestinians until Abbas restores ties with Israel and accepts the tax money. According to Axios news portal, Germany, France, the UK and even Norway are leading the charge.

Germany, in particular, has been relentless in its support for Israel. For months, it has advocated on behalf of Israel to spare Tel Aviv a war crimes investigation by the International Criminal Court (ICC). It has placed activists, who advocate the boycott of Israel, on trial. Recently, it has confirmed the shipment of missile boats and other military hardware to ensure the superiority of the Israeli navy in a potential war against Arab enemies. Germany is not alone. Israel and most European countries are closing ranks in terms of their unprecedented military cooperation and trade ties, including natural gas deals.

Continuing to make references to the unachievable two-state solution, while arming, funding and doing more business with Israel is the very definition of hypocrisy. The truth is that Europe should be held as accountable as the US in emboldening and sustaining the Israeli occupation of Palestine.

Yet, while Washington is openly pro-Israel, the EU has played a more clever game: selling Palestinians empty words while selling Israel lethal weapons.

– Ramzy Baroud is a journalist and the Editor of The Palestine Chronicle. He is the author of five books. His latest is “These Chains Will Be Broken: Palestinian Stories of Struggle and Defiance in Israeli Prisons” (Clarity Press). Dr. Baroud is a Non-resident Senior Research Fellow at the Center for Islam and Global Affairs (CIGA) and also at the Afro-Middle East Center (AMEC). His website is http://www.ramzybaroud.net

Two Misfortunes Dissolve the Saudi Crown Prince within a Week

Two Misfortunes Dissolve the Saudi Crown Prince within a Week

By AlKhaleej Today

According to a high-level source to “Saudi WikiLeaks,” the recommendation of the European Parliament to reduce the level of representation at the G20 summit to be hosted by Riyadh, via video link on November 21-22, “was a strong shock to the Crown Prince.”

The source, who preferred to remain anonymous, said that bin Salman had “gone crazy” and proceeded to smash the contents of his office and shout at his aides.

The source stated that the Crown Prince made several contacts that evening with European personalities. To know the merits of the parliamentary decision, however, these personalities “did not give anything to the prince, who aspires to present his achievements at the next summit.”

The European Parliament called for a reduction in the level of representation at the G20 summit to be hosted by Riyadh, via video link on November 21-22. Because of human rights violations inside and outside the Kingdom.

Parliament issued its statement last Thursday with this recommendation to the European Union and its member states, and said that its goal is to avoid legitimizing impunity for human rights violations and illegal and arbitrary detentions in Saudi Arabia.

Parliament called in a letter to the President of the European Council, Charles Michel, and the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, to place human rights at the center of all discussions of the G20.

The message urged that the summit event be used to demand the release of all prisoners of conscience and women human rights defenders in Saudi Arabia, and for real accountability for those involved in the assassination of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

The other disaster, revealed by the “Tactical Report” website, concerned with intelligence affairs, after US President Donald Trump was infected with the Corona virus.

Reports from Riyadh quoted the Saudi crown prince as saying: The kingdom should be prepared for changes in Saudi-American relations if Democratic candidate “Joe Biden” wins over President Trump in the upcoming US presidential elections in November.

Bin Salman added: The election of Biden will turn the situation upside down in the United States, and will force the Kingdom to take new matters into consideration.

He revealed that these concerns increased regarding the results of the US elections after the announcement of President Trump’s infection with the Corona virus. In addition, there are many reports from the Saudi embassy in Washington indicating that Biden’s chances of winning are increasing.

The crown prince recently contacted a number of President Trump’s close aides, particularly his son-in-law and senior adviser, Jared Kushner.

“Kushner” assured the Saudi crown prince that the poll results are not confirmed and that the percentage of voters who support “Trump” will increase during the remaining four weeks before the elections. However, Kushner’s assurances did not convince Bin Salman.

Anticipating any “surprises”, bin Salman asked the Saudi ambassador to Washington, Princess Rima Bint Bandar bin Sultan bin Abdulaziz, to obtain details from within the Democratic Party regarding the current course of the situation.

Princess Reema was also tasked with inquiring about the opinions of senior Democratic officials about the future of Saudi-American relations in the event Biden becomes president.

The Saudi crown prince was also very concerned about Biden’s recent statements, which pledged to reassess US relations with Saudi Arabia if elected.

Until the past two weeks, bin Salman showed little interest in Biden’s statements, as he relied on President Trump’s confidence and on reports from Washington that claimed that Biden had no chances of winning.

However, recent events in the United States, including Trump’s admission to a military hospital, have changed the views of the Saudi crown prince in this regard.

And the famous American journalist Bob Woodward revealed in his latest book entitled “Anger” that Trump boasted that he had succeeded in “rescuing” Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman after the assassination of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, on October 2, 2018, inside his country’s consulate in Istanbul.

The excerpts of the book revealed that Trump boasted, in one of their recorded interviews, that he had succeeded in “saving” bin Salman, whom Congress held responsible for the assassination of Khashoggi.

In his new book, “Anger,” which the Business Insider news site published excerpts from, Woodward recounts how Trump told him in an interview he had on January 22 that “I saved him,” in response to a question about bin Salman’s relationship with the murder.

According to the journalist, Trump made clear in the recorded interview that he had prevented Congress from pursuing bin Salman. Trump said, according to these excerpts: “I succeeded in getting Congress to leave it alone. I succeeded in stopping them.”

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (01– 07 October 2020)

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01– 07 October 2020

  • Civilian shot dead by IOF near ‘Annab checkpoint in Tulkarm;
  • 18 Palestinian civilians, including 2 childern, wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank;
  • 15 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya; 2 others in Nablus and Jenin; and a child sustained critical wounds in occupied East Jerusalem.
  • 4 shootings reported at agricultural lands and 4 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip;
  • In 112 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 102 civilians arrested, including 15 children;
  • IOF conducts two  incursions into the border areas central and southern Gaza Strip, where they sprayed agricultural  lands with pesticides;
  • A bulldozer confiscated in Nablus; and 62 olive trees cut and burned by settlers in Salfit;
  • IOF established 68 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints.

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF killed a civilian in Tulkarm, under the pretext of throwing Molotov Cocktails. Furthermore, IOF attacks rendered 18 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force, including 2 children, in the West Bank. In addition, settlers’ attacks and confiscation of Palestinians’ properties continued, under the pretext of working without permits.

This week, PCHR documented 197 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: on 05 October 2020, IOF killed Sameer Ahmed ‘Abed al-Jaleel Hamidy (24), from Beit Lid village in eastern Tulkarm, near ‘Annab military checkpoint in Tulkarm, and kept his corpse in custody. IOF claimed that they targeted a group of civilians who threw Molotov cocktails at them. Although there were no eyewitnesses present at the time of the incident to confirm or deny the Israeli account; IOF could have used less lethal force especially that the Israeli military sites are fortified, and there was no serious threat or danger even if the sites were targeted with Molotov cocktails.

Furthermore, 18 civilians, including 2 children, wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank; 15 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya; 2 others in Nablus and Jenin; and a child sustained serious wounds in occupied East Jerusalem.

In the Gaza Strip, 4 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and 4 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 112 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 102 Palestinians were arrested, including 15 children.

In Gaza Strip, IOF conducted 2 incursions into eastern Bureij refugee camp and eastern Khan Yunis; during which, Israeli drone sprayed agricultural lands in border area with pesticides, east of Khan Yunis, and arrested a child who sneaked into Israel and released him later.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented one violation in Nablus, where IOF stopped working in an agricultural land and confiscated a bulldozer.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 2 attacks: 12 olive trees cut and 50 others burned in Salfit.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

IOF declared closing the West Bank and Gaza Strip crossings on Friday, 02 October 2020, and Saturday, 03 October 2020, due to Jewish holiday of “Sukkot.”

The Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories said that West Bank crossings will be closed during the abovementioned days, except for the following crossings: Barta’a checkpoint, Nabi Ilyas checkpoint for residents in seam points, and Ni’lin checkpoint, which will be opened and operated as usual on Fridays. The Coordinator added that only humanitarian and life-saving cases will be allowed to travel through Beit Hanou “Erez” crossing, while Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum)  will be closed.

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  I. IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

  • At approximately 11:00 on Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF moved into Qatanna village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Saleem Mahmoud Shamasna’s (50) house, arrested him and confiscated his vehicle. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered near Shamasna’s house and threw stones at Israeli soldiers who responded by firing rubber bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers and chased them. Resulted in a number of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation. It should be noted that Shamasna served almost about 7 years in the Israeli prisons in separate periods; in the last of which he spent 18 months in administrative detention.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a village, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Sabastia village, northwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank, and stationed in al-Athar area, west of the city. Dozens of young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers who responded with live bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters. As a result, Adham Anwar al-Sha’er (29), from Barqa village, was shot and injured with a live bullet in his left eye while sitting with 3 of his friends in a restaurant, 30 meters away from the soldiers. Adham was taken to Rafidia Governmental Hospital for treatment and then he was transferred to al-Najah Hospital, where he underwent a surgery to remove his eye. It should be noted that Adham was shot while he was playing cards with his friends and he was not participating in the events, so there was no justification or reason to shot him.

Adham Anwar al-Sha’er said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: “At approximately 22:00 on Thursday, 01 October 2020, while I was sitting in Sebastia Caffe in al-Athar area, west of Sebastia, northwest of Nablus, and playing cards with 3 of my friends. I saw about 30 Israeli soldiers stationed 30 meters away from the caffe’s garden, but we did not care because we are accustomed to such incursions. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers who responded with rubber bullets and teargas canisters. During the clashes, my friends and I entered the caffe and continued our game. As soon as we stood up, an Israeli soldier targeted me with a live bullet in my left eye. After 2 minutes I lost my consciousness and woke up in the ambulance. I was taken to Rafidia Governmental Hospital where they told me that I lost my left eye. Lately, my family informed me that I was transferred to al-Najah Hospital in Nablus, and at approximately 10:00, on the next day I underwent a 3-hours surgery at al-Najah Hospital, and my left eye was removed. Later, I will have cosmetic operations in the removed eye”.

  • At approximately 02:30 on Friday, 02 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Khan Younis, south of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area and opened fire at them, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF stationed near the annexation wall, adjacent to Faroun village, south of Tulkarm, banned the entry of the Palestinian workers into Israel through one of the holes in the annexation wall, even if they had permits. Meanwhile, verbal altercation erupted between the workers and the Israeli soldiers; during which, the soldiers attacked the workers. As a result, Ra’fat Ghaleb Mansour (32), from Kafr Qalil, east of Nablus, sustained 2 fractures in his leg after an Israeli soldier severely pushed. Mansour was taken to Dr. Thabit Thabit Governmental Hospital in Tulkarm.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established on Kafr Qaddum village lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest where dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Meanwhile, IOF fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 13 civilians, including a child, were wounded. (PCHR keeps the names of the wounded civilians).
  • At approximately 17:10, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a, adjacent to the border fence with Israel. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 16:30 on Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established on Kafr Qaddum village lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest where dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Meanwhile, they fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, two civilians were shot with live bullets; one in the lower limbs and the other in the waist.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Fukhari village, adjacent to the border fence with Israel. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They were deployed in the village neighborhoods, where they established a temporary military checkpoint at the western entrance and searched the Palestinian vehicles. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers. IOF immediately moved into ‘ Obaid neighborhood from the western entrance and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at the demonstrators. The clashes continued for 2 hours. As a result, dozens of civilians suffered teargas inhalation. Also, Ahmed Haitham Mahmoud (19) and Lo’ay Ashraf Mahmoud (23) were arrested.
  • At approximately 21:00 on Sunday, 04 October 2020, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hizma village, north of occupied East Jerusalem, stationed at the city entrance and patrolled the streets. Dozens of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with live bullets and teargas canisters. As a result, Ameer Ghazi Salah al-Dein (16), was shot with a live bullet in his head and was taken with the PRC’s ambulance to one of the Ramallah’s hospitals. Medical sources described his health as critical due to a skull fracture. Lately, IOF withdrew from the village and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:30 on Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank, and stationed in Jabal Abu Thuhair and Khillat al-Suha, southeast of the village. Dozens of young men gathered and throw stones at the Israeli soldiers who responded with live bullets and teargas canisters. As a result, an 18-years-old civilian, from Khillat al-Suha, was shot with a live bullet in his pelvis and he was taken to Dr. Khalil Suliman Hospital. Many civilians suffered teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot. Before their withdrawal, IOF raided and searched Ahmed Khairy Khalaf’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:45 on Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara village, adjacent to the border fence with Israel. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 19:20, IOF stationed in a temporary military checkpoint established at the entrance of ‘Inab settlement, east of Tulkarm, fired several live bullets near the checkpoint. Later, the Israeli authorities announced in a statement that they monitored 3 Palestinian civilians throwing Molotov Cocktails at a military site in the area, and that IOF opened fire at them, targeting one of them. Israeli media stated that the wounded civilian was killed after being shot with a live bullet in his chest, and IOF kept his body in custody while and the two other civilians flee. The killed civilian was identified as Sameer Ahmed Hamidi (24), from Beit Lid, east of Tulkarm. Hamidi was a member in the Student Union Council in al-Khadouri University, and he was a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons, and was released 2 years ago. PCHR’s fieldworker said that the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) officially informed Hamidi’s family about the death of their son. Although there were no eyewitnesses present at the time of the incident to confirm or deny the Israeli account; IOF could have used less lethal force especially that the Israeli military sites are fortified, and there was no serious threat or danger even if the sites were targeted with Molotov cocktails.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya offshore, west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within (3-5 nautical miles) and opened fire at them causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 06:40 on Tuesday, 06 October 2020, IOF along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi refugee camp, opened fire at agricultural lands, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 09:20 on Tuesday, 06 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya offshore, west of Jabalia, and al-Waha, northwest of Beit Lahia, in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and sporadically opened fire at them, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00 on Wednesday, 07 October 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sudaniya offshore, west of Jabalia, and al-Waha, northwest of Beit Lahia, in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, opened heavy fire at them and fired sound bombs, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.

    II. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 01 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 4 civilians, including 2 children. The arrestees were identified as: Isma’il Sameer al-Fayoumi (17), ‘Odai Hussni al-Najjar (9), Moatasem Wael ‘Awadallah Zaydat (19), and Yazan Mahmoud al-Najjar (18).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Dhahiriya village in southern Hebron, where they raided and searched Ashraf Hussain Hasan Jabareen’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:10, IOF moved into Deir Abu Mash’al village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 2 civilians, including a child. The arrestees were identified as Sa’d Ahmed Salem (19) and Mansour Ahmed Mostafa ‘Ata (17).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Ashraf Khaled al-Hadra (22) and Baker ‘Emad al-Moghrabi (27) and withdrew later.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched 2 houses, from which they arrested Hamad Niam Ikhlayil (17) and Suliman Mohammed Abu Dayyiah (16), taking them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 02:10, IOF moved into Al-Mazra’a al-Sharqiya village in Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Sameh Hussain Shikha (27), Ja’far Suliman Abu ‘Aliyia (25) and Mohammed Jad Hussain Hifa (22).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed in al-Dahiyia area. They raided and searched Waheeb Hamdi Abu Hadeed’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Isawiya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched dozens of houses, from which they arrested 16 civilians, including 5 children, and withdrew later. (PCHR keeps the names of the arrestees).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested ‘Adnan Saier Abu Howila (19).
  • At approximately 04:25, IOF moved into Azzun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched two houses belonging to ‘Abed al-Shaheed Na’iem Zamari (21) and Sa’ied Ayoub Zamari (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Tammun village, southeast of Tubas, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Ghazi Mostafa Basharat (28).
  • At approximately 05:50, IOF moved into Sanur village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 2 siblings identified as Mohammed (22) and Saif (24) Yousef Farouq al-‘Eisiyia.
  • At approximately 06:30, IOF backed by military vehicles moved 100 meters to the east of Khuzaʽa village, east of Khan Yunis. They leveled and combed lands that were previously leveled amidst Israeli sporadic shooting.  However, no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed ‘Emad Dari’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Wadi Al-Joz neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Hanadi Mohammed al-Helwani (42) and arrested her, taking her to a police station in the city. Few hours later, al-Helwani was released after threatening her to re-arrest her if she would not stop inciting against Israeli authorities and police on social media.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF stationed at Mavi Dotan checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Ahmed Salah Nazzal (24), from Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank.

IOF carried out (5) incursions in ‘Ein Yabrud village, north of Ramallah; Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus; Idhna village and Al-Arroub refugee camp; and Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 02 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Moatasem Abu al-Hawa (27) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Yatta village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched three houses belonging to Khaldoun ‘Ayed Shreteh, Nazieh Mahmoud Shreteh and Mohammed Mahmoud Shreteh and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:10, IOF moved into Beitunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Hasan Yousef Dawoud Darakhil’s (65) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Bireh city, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Nour Mohammed ‘Abed al-‘Aziz al-Qadi’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:20, IOF backed by 8 military vehicles moved 50-100 meters to the west of the border fence, east of Bureij refugee camp in the central of Gaza Strip. They leveled and combed lands and repaired the border barbed-wire fence. At approximately 09:30, IOF redeployed along the border fence.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF arrested Nehad Bader Zaghir (43), a former prisoner, while he was in al-Qataneen area in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and took him to a police station in the city. Few hours later, Zaghir was released.
  • At approximately 21:40, IOF arrested Saif Nader Ibrahim (15) and Wadee’ Qasem Shaheen (15) while they were near al-Anfaq military checkpoint, west of Beit Jala city, under the pretext of throwing a Molotov Cocktail at the checkpoint.
  • IOF carried out (7) incursions in Birzeit city, northwest of Ramallah; Zububa and Rummanah villages, west of Jenin; and Dur, Beit al-Rush, Tarrama and ‘Oyoun Abu Saif villages in Hebron.No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 03 October 2020

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Um al-Dalia area, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Sameeh Saleem Qafisha’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF arrested al-Aqsa Mosque’s guards Mohammed al-Shalalda and Ahmed al-Dalal while they were in their workplace in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, taking them to a police station in the city. The Islamic Endowment Department (Awqaf) stated that the Israeli police released the guards after interrogating them for several hours. The Islamic Endowment Department clarified that the police released the guards without any conditions. It added that the guards were arrested without any reasons. Al-Awqaf stated that IOF recently deported many guards and al-Awqaf employees from al-Aqsa Mosque; among them was Zeenat Abu Sobeih, Head of the Guards at Al-Aqsa Mosque.
  • IOF carried out (8) incursions in al-Bireh city, Al-Mazra’a al-Sharqiya and Abu_Shukheidim villages, north of Ramallah; Sebastia village, northwest of Nablus; Beit Kahil, Beit Ummar and ad-Dhahr villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 04 October 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Silwad village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mohanad Sameer al-Tawil (20), Jum’a Hasan Hammad (19), Handala Sameer Hammad (22), Mohammed Moneer Hammad (21), Sarhan Akram Hammad (20), ‘ADEL Maher Hammad (21), and Mo’min Haroun Hammad (20).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to ‘Ali Yousef Taqatqah (20) and ‘Adel Abu Ya’qoub Derieh (27) and arrested them. It should be noted that both of them were previously arrested by IOF.
  • At approximately 11:20, IOF who were patrolling at Yitzhar bypass road, southwest of Tell village, southwest of Nablus, arrested Kareem ‘Abed al-Men’iem Ramadan (35) while picking olive trees, under the pretext of a lack of necessary permission and coordination.
  • At approximately 14:00, Israeli drone sprayed agricultural lands with pesticides along the border fence, starting from eastern al-Qarara village towards al-Faraheen area in Abasan_al-Kabira, east of Khan Yunis. IOF claimed that they sprayed the agricultural lands to get rid of the weeds, and for security reasons. As a result, the Palestinian farmers’ crops sustained damage.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Montaser ‘Ali al-‘Ajlouni (21), from Hebron’s Old City, while passing on the closed Shuhada Street. He was taken to an investigation center in “Kiryat Arba” settlement”, east of Hebron.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Tamer ‘Azi al-Shawamrah (29), from Um al-Sharayet area, south of Ramallah, while passing through the checkpoint.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Far’un village and Kafa area, south of Tulkarm; Sa’ir and as-Samu villages in Hebron; and Deir al-Ghusun village, north of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 05 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Yatta, south of Hebron. They raided and searched ‘Esam Fayiz Hoshieh’s (55) house, locked his family members in one room, and arrested him along with his son Amjad (24) before their withdrawal.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank, and stationed in al-Hafiryat area, east of the city. They raided and searched ‘Izz al-Deen Jamal Dowikat’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Fawzi ‘Obaid (23) and Mohammed Marwan ‘Obaid (20) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed in Jabal Jouhar area. They raided and searched Ayman Riyad al-Ja’bari’s (40) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank, and stationed in Jabal Abu Dahir area. They raided and searched Ahmed Khairy Suliman Khalaf’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:50, IOF moved into Beitunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mohammed Qart’s (21) house and arrested him. IOF also confiscated his motorcycle.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Jab’ village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Fayiz Hamdan Salatna (19) and ‘Eid Mohammed ‘Eid Hamamrah (20) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed ‘Emad Thawabta (22) and ‘Abed al-Raheem Subhi al-Kar (24) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 4 civilians, including 2 siblings and their uncle. The arrestees were identified as ‘Abdullah Bader Abu ‘Asab (19), Eyad Mostafa al-Asmar (37) and Mousa (19) and Mohammed (17) Hitham al-Asmar.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed at al-Jalma military checkpoint, north of Jenin, arrested Fadi Samer Zakarna (19), from Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Ghadeb ‘Obaid (31) and Moatasem Hamza ‘Obaid (18) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF arrested Waheeb Abu al-Humus (26) while he was in front of his house in Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 22:30, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Hasheem’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Dura city, Fawwar refugee camp, Beit Ummar village in Hebron; and Far’un and Beit Lid villages, south of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported. Also, IOF fired flare bombs during their incursions.

Tuesday, 06 October 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched ‘Othman Mostafa al-Ja’bari’s (39) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Ezion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Dura City, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in Qarwash area. They raided and searched Mohammed ‘Amer Gazzaz’s (23) house and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested 6 civilians, including a child, and took them to a police station in the city. The arrestees were identified as Mohammed Ibrahim ‘Obaid (19), Tareq Mousa ‘Obaid (20), Reda Mohammed ‘Obaid (16), Majd Basheer Ahmed (22), Mohammed Thaier Mahmoud (20), and Mohammed Mahmoud Mahmoud (19).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed ‘Emad al-Badawi’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Hejjra village, east of Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Ghassan Ibrahim Masharqah’s (33) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into Ramallah, where they raided and searched Sufian Bassam Meqdad’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into ad-Dhahiriya village, south of Hebron, and stationed Wadi al-Ghamari neighborhood. They raided and searched ‘Ahed ‘Ali al-‘Aqabi’s (39) house and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched ‘Abed al-Rahman Ayman al-Bashiti’s (16) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF arrested Deputy of Fatah Movement Secretary, Yaser Hasan Darwish (39), while he was in Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Aqabat Jaber refugee camp; Tulkarm City; and Ash-Shuyukh and Sa’ir villages. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 07 October 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beita village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Qassam ‘Enad al-Jaghoub’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Aida Camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched People’s Committee Office after blowing up its doors. Head of People’s Committee for Services, Sa’eed al-‘Izzah, said that IOF deliberately damaged the office in addition to nearby houses within terror campaigns. He clarified that IOF damaged and blew up the People’s Committee office doors before storming it. They also damaged a number of nearby houses. Al-‘Izzah pointed out that the the People’s Committee office belongs to the Refugee Affairs Department and works to serve the camp residents and provides humanitarian services for them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Yatta city, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Husam Tayseer Rab’i’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched ‘Ali Baheej Bassa’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Hashimia village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched Hassan Nayif Mohammed Jarar’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:45. IOF moved into Qusra village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Waleed Tawfiq Salama (22) and Ibrahim Yousef Darwih (24).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mo’min Ahmed Mostafa Saba’nah’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched Bashar ‘Abed al-‘Aleem Da’na’s (37) house and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF raided al-Jamla school for boys, which is located in Wa’ret al-Erfan area in northern Jenin. IOF detained the teachers and the school guard’s IDs. They then raided the headmaster room, opened the digital video recorder (DVR), copied all material from it.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested ‘Emad Ahmed Jadallah (35), from Tarrama village, south of Dura City, southwest of Hebron, after he headed for investigation in the Israeli Intelligence Services (Shabak) in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem. The Israeli Intelligence Services summoned Jadallah via a phone call, and he was taken to a detention center in the settlement.
  • At approximately 15:15, IOF stationed adjacent to Zikim military base along the coastal border fence of the northern Gaza Strip, arrested ‘Izz al-Deen Sa’ieed Slman Abu Qeleeq (16), from the Bedouin village. Abu Qeleeq sneaked into the Israel via the border fence. Two hours later, IOF released him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Kafr Qaddum village, east of Qalqilya; and Yatta, as-Samu and al-Sima villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • At approximately 12:00 on Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF moved into Furush Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus in Jordan’s northern valleys, north of the West Bank. They headed towards a bulldozer that was excavating a water tank for irrigating crops in a plot of land belonging to Thabet Mohammed Redwan Thabet, from Beit Dajan village. IOF ordered the bulldozer’s owner to halt working, checked the ID cards of him, the land’s owner and his friend and questioned them for 2 hours. After that, IOF confiscated the bulldozer, which is owned by Harbi Abu Dahilah, from Jiftlik village in Jordan’s northern valleys and took it to an unknown destination under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • On Sunday, 04 October 2020, Othmaniya Mohammed Othman, from Kafr ad-Dik village, west of Salfit, learnt that Israeli settlers attacked her land and cut olive trees with electric saw in Khaneq al-Kuhul area.

Her son, Mansour Nasser Mansour (39) said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

” on Sunday morning, my father went to his land like other farmers who did the same to harvest their olive trees. My mother inherited this land from my grandfather. My father noticed that the olive trees were cut recently as they went to the land on 29 September 2020, and there was no attack on the land. It should be noted that Israeli settlers attacked a land of our neighbor, Abed Suleiman Ali Ahmed.”

  • At approximately 15:00 on Wednesday, 07 October 2020, Israeli settlers from “ Leshem” settlement established on Palestinians’ lands in Deir Ballut, west of Salfit, set fir on a land called “Ereq al-Tout”, east of the village. As a result, 50 olive trees in a plot of land owned by Yusuf, Mustfa, and Eftaih Abdullah, from Deir Balمut village, were burnt.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

IOF declared closing the West Bank and Gaza Strip crossings on Friday, 02 October 2020, and Saturday, 03 October 2020, due to Jewish holiday of “Sukkot.”

The Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories said that West Bank crossings will be closed during the abovementioned days, except for the following crossings: Barta’a checkpoint, Nabi Ilyas checkpoint for residents in seam points, and Ni’lin checkpoint, which will be opened and operated as usual on Fridays.

The coordinator added that Beit Hanmoun “Erez” crossing will be partially opened for humanitarian and “lifesaving” cases during certain work hours, while the goods’ crossing “Kerem Shalom” will be closed.

Furthermore, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 68 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 3 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, tightened the closure imposed on al-Aqsa Mosque and occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and intensified the military checkpoints at al-Aqsa Mosque gates and in its vicinity and in its alleys due to the Jewish holiday of “Sukkot”, which        starts in the evening hours of the same day and ends after a week.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF established5 checkpoints at the western and northern entrances to Tuqu village, the entrance to Beit Fajjar and Husan villages, Aqabet Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Tuqu, Beit Fajjar, and Jannata villages, and Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem and near al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Tuqu, Beit Fajjar, Marah Rabah and Husan villages.
  • On Sunday, 04 October 2020, IOF established 6 checkpoints at the western entrance to Beit Jala. Western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the entrances to Tuqu and al-Khader villages, the entrance to Al Jab’a village, and near al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrance to Beit Jala, Tuqu, Marah Rabah villages, Aqabat Hasnah area, leading to villages west of Bethlehem, near al-Nashash area, south of the city.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint between Ein Yabrud, and Dura al-Qar’ villages, north of Ramallah.
  • On Friday, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Jalazone refugee camp, northwest of Ramallah.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Abu Masha’al village, northwest of Ramallah.
  • On Tuesday, 06 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Nabi Salih village, west of Ramallah.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: Ash-Shuyukh, Karma, and Bani Na’im villages.
  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Hebron’s western entrance, and al-Fahes Road, south of Hebron.
  • on Sunday, 04 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Einun, Idhna, Beit Ummar, and as-Samu.
  • On Monday 05 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Bani Na’im, and Beit Ummar villages, and Wadi Risha road, west of Idhna village.
  • On Wednesday, -7 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the western entrance to Hebron, Beit Awwa, Kharsa villages and al- Arroub  refugee camp.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of ” Shavei Shomron” settlement (on Nablus – Tulkarm main road), west of Nablus.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Sharaf village ( linking between Tulkarm and Nablus), west of Nablus. IOF also closed the road linking between Qusra and Jalud villages, southeast of Nablus, with sand barriers  using a bulldozer.

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin.
  • On Sunday, 04 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection to Arraba village, southwest of Jenin.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ti’inik village, southwest of Jenin.
  • On Tuesday, 06 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Ti’inik village, southwest of Jenin, and the entrance to Arraba village, northeast if Jenin.

Salfit:

  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the western entrance to Kafr ad-Dik village, west of Salfit.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Istiya and Hares villages, north of Salfit.
  • On Tuesday, 06 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the eastern entrance to Salfit, the western entrance to Kafr ad-Dik village, eastern entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya and the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya, Azzun, and Izbat al-Tabib villages, east of Qalqilya.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 01 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 02 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Al-Auja village, west of Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 03 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Monday, 05 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Al-Auja village, west of Jericho.
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