Amazon, Google Employees: Crimes against Palestinians to Get ’Deadlier’ After Tech Giants Contract with ’Israel

October 13, 2021

Amazon, Google Employees: Crimes against Palestinians to Get ’Deadlier’ After Tech Giants Contract with ’Israel

By Staff, Agencies

Over 1,600 employees at tech giants Amazon and Google have urged their employers to pull out of a contract under which they will sell “dangerous technology” to the Zionist entity and its military and cut all ties with the regime over its atrocities against the Palestinian people.

Initially, more than 90 workers at Google and more than 300 at Amazon anonymously signed an open letter published by the Guardian newspaper on Tuesday, demanding the termination of Project Nimbus, which will provide cloud services for the Tel Aviv regime.

“The technology our companies have contracted to build will make the systematic discrimination and displacement carried out by the ‘Israeli’ military and government even crueler and deadlier for Palestinians,” the employees said in the letter.

“We condemn Amazon and Google’s decision to sign the Project Nimbus contract with the ‘Israeli’ military and government, and ask them to reject this contract and future contracts that will harm our users,” they said.

They underlined the need for the two companies to stop contracting with any militarized organization in the US and beyond.

Project Nimbus is a $1.2bn contract awarded last April to Google and Amazon, which succeeded in beating out bids from Microsoft, Oracle, and IBM, to provide cloud services for the ‘Israeli’ occupation regime and its military.

There are fears that the technology would allow for further illegal surveillance of Palestinians and facilitate the expansion of the Zionist regime’s illegal settlements across the occupied territories.

“This contract was signed the same week that the ‘Israeli’ military attacked Palestinians in the Gaza Strip, killing nearly 250 people, including more than 60 children,” said the “employees of conscience,” referring to the ‘Israeli’ regime’s latest war on Gaza which occurred in May and lasted for 11 consecutive days.

“We cannot look the other way, as the products we build are used to deny Palestinians their basic rights, force Palestinians out of their homes and attack Palestinians in the Gaza Strip, actions that have prompted war crime investigations by the international criminal court.”

In another opinion piece posted hours later on NBC, two workers at the tech giants updated the number of signatories, saying that nearly 1,000 anonymous signatories at Amazon and more than 600 at Google have joined the campaign.

“Since we have no ability to guarantee that the technology we build won’t be used to commit human rights abuses against Palestinians, cutting the contracts entirely is the only ethical option left for our companies,” Gabriel Schubiner, software engineer and researcher at Google, and Bathool Syed, content strategist at Amazon, wrote in the article.

The two employees said they agree with the two companies’ stated commitment to ethics, but also pointed to their hypocrisy. “We want to work for companies that do more than pay lip service to ethical business practices,” they noted.

“Instead, our companies signed contracts that they knew would be highly controversial, yet relinquishes their ability to enforce their own publicly stated principles while attempting to deny workers our say in how our labor is used.”

199 Rights Groups Urge Protection for Rearrested Palestinian Inmates

SEPTEMBER 21, 2021

199 Rights Groups Urge Protection for Rearrested Palestinian Inmates

By Staff, Agencies

Nearly 200 human rights organizations have held the Zionist entity fully responsible for the lives and safety of six prisoners who tunneled their way out of a maximum security Zionist detention center earlier this month and were arrested later.

A total of 199 organizations, in a joint statement released on Monday, called for the formation of an independent international investigation committee to immediately look into the conditions of their detention.

“According to the testimony of lawyers, ‘Israeli’ occupation forces assaulted them harshly from the moment of arrest, causing multiple bodily injuries. The injuries necessitated hospitalization of some of them as they had been subjected to unjustified violence and torture,” the statement read.

“They are deprived of sleep, and have been interrogated after complete sleep deprivation, according to available information. Interrogators have made death threats against some of them, and their relatives have also been arbitrarily arrested for the purposes of revenge.”

The human rights organizations stressed that the mistreatment of the prisoners amounts to a violation of international and humanitarian principles.

They demanded the “urgent formation of an independent, impartial and honest international investigation committee to examine circumstances surrounding the arrest of the six Palestinian prison escapees, and to hold the perpetrators of violations to account.”

The organizations called upon Arab nations and expatriates to advocate for Palestinian prisoners and detainees in Zionist occupation jails, and to raise their cause through social media platforms.

The rights organizations asked the Hague-based International Criminal Court to prosecute ‘Israeli’ prison officials responsible for the torture of Palestinian detainees.

They urged the Arab League and its bodies to support Palestinian prisoners, and to activate effective mechanisms at the international level.

The rights organizations stressed that UN special rapporteurs, especially Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the occupied Palestinian territory Michael Lynk, should actively shed light on the Zionist entity’s systematic torture of Palestinian prisoners and detainees, and take the matter to the United Nations.

On Sunday, the Zionist occupation forces arrested the two remaining prisoners, who had escaped from Gilboa Prison more than two weeks ago.

A former commander of the al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigade in Jenin and five Islamic Jihad members had tunneled their way out through their cell’s drainage system and escaped from the prison on September 6.

There are reportedly more than 7,000 Palestinians held at Zionist jails. Hundreds of the inmates have been apparently incarcerated under the practice of administrative detention.

To A Wider Prison: Bahraini Regime Conditionally Releases Some Political Prisoners

September 16, 2021 

To A Wider Prison: Bahraini Regime Conditionally Releases Some Political Prisoners

By Staff, Agencies

As if the Bahraini regime is just sending political prisoners from small cells to a wider prison…

The Bahraini regime has conditionally released 30 prisoners under new rules allowing electronic monitoring and home detention instead, the government and activists said on Wednesday. Almost all those freed are considered political detainees by rights groups.

The Gulf state has imprisoned thousands of protesters, journalists and activists – some in mass trials – since an anti-government uprising in 2011. It says it prosecutes those who commit crimes in accordance with international law, and rejects criticism from the United Nations and others over the conduct of trials and detention conditions.

Under a 2017 “alternative sentences” law prisoners who had served at least half their sentence in jail were allowed to complete it outside via measures including community service, rehabilitation courses and electronic surveillance.

Last week, the king amended the law to allow a switch to non-custodial punishments at any point in a sentence.

Sayed Ahmed Alwadaei, a Bahraini activist in exile who heads the Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy [BIRD], said 27 of those released this week were political prisoners, and many had been detained when they were juveniles.

“However, they will continue to face severe restrictions on their liberty and these rare releases remain overshadowed by the continued incarceration of hundreds of political prisoners in Bahrain,” said Alwadaei. He called on the government to unconditionally release all political detainees.

One of those released on Sunday night was Kameel Juma Hasan, who was arrested at age 14 and sentenced to 28 years in 2019. The United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention [WGAD] in May said it considered him to have been arbitrarily detained.

Documents seen by Reuters show some release offer conditions including devices to monitor movements and bans on speaking to the press, using social media or any political activities.

Hassan Mushaima, who was arrested in 2011 and jailed for life for anti-government protests, declined a conditional release offer this week, his son Ali Mushaima told Reuters.

Several high-profile government critics remain in prison, including Abduljalil al-Singace who has been on hunger strike for more than 60 days.

Leading human rights activist Nabeel Rajab was released under the alternative sentence law in June 2020.

BIRD estimates that there are over 1,400 political prisoners out of a total prison population in Bahrain of around 3200-3800.

On Wednesday the public prosecution claimed it was considering alternative sentences for six children, without elaborating.

Earlier this year prisoners and security forces clashed inside Jaw prison, and families protested outside, after COVID-19 outbreaks.

Enforced Disappearance: A Crime against Humanity Systematically Practiced by Saudi Arabia

August 31, 2021

Enforced Disappearance: A Crime against Humanity Systematically Practiced by Saudi Arabia

By the European Saudi Organization for Human Rights

On the International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearance, which is commemorated every year on August 30, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres stressed that, despite being “strictly prohibited by international human rights law in all circumstances, enforced disappearances continue to be used worldwide as a means of repression, intimidation and stifling opposition. Lawyers, witnesses, political opposition and human rights defenders are at particular risk of enforced disappearance,” he said. “This deprives families and communities of the right to know the truth about their loved ones, accountability, justice and reparations.”

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia practices enforced disappearance, on a large scale, especially against political detainees and opinion-makers through blatant circumvention and evasion. Most families of the victims are unaware of the fate of their relatives, after they have been detained on the street or in their workplaces, because they have been deprived the right to communicate with them and have no access to a lawyer.

In many cases, after a forced disappearance, that last for hours or days, officials at General Investigation Prisons allow the disappeared person a brief contact to inform his family of his whereabouts, only to return and disappear for periods lasting a year or more, during which he is tortured and denied the right to communicate with the outside world or access a lawyer.

In other cases, enforced disappearance extends without any information about the victim’s whereabouts or the reason for the arrest, for months or years. In light of Saudi Arabia’s intimidation policy against activists and human rights defenders.

The European-Saudi Organization for Human Rights documented the Saudi Arabian government’s use of enforced disappearance as a prelude to torture, extracting confessions, and in many cases the use of these confessions to issue death sentences.

Enforced disappearance is defined, according to the article II of the International Convention for the Protection of Persons from Enforced Disappearance, as “arrest, detention, abduction or any other form of deprivation of liberty by agents of the State or by persons or groups of individuals acting with the authorization, support or acquiescence of the State, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the deprivation of liberty or by concealment of the fate or whereabouts of the disappeared person, which deprives him of the protection of the law”.

During 2021, ESOHR monitored the practice of enforced disappearance by the security services against a number of detainees, including activists:

Abdullah al-Mubaraki:

On July 22, 2021, Al-Mabaheth forces arrested online activist Abdullah bin Awad al-Mubaraki from his home in Yanbu. The family does not officially know the reason for the arrest and news broke from the moment of the arrest. Despite attempts by the family to find out where he is, and to verify his whereabouts from the prisons of Yanbu, Medina and Jeddah, they have been unable to reach him. However, activists believe that the reason for his arrest stems from his expression of opinion, his participation in campaigns on social media to defend political and civil rights, and his opposition to government policies.

Lina al-Sharif

In late May 2021, officials from the Saudi State Security Presidency raided the Sharif family’s home in Riyadh, arresting Dr. Lina al-Sharif and taking her to an unknown location. Before her arrest, al-Sharif had been active on social media, discussing Saudi politics and defending human rights issues in Saudi Arabia.

Abdullah

On May 12, 2021, State Security forces arrested Abdullah Jilan, in Medina, after it stormed his mother’s house and searched him before taking him to an unknown location. Jilan was active on Twitter, calling for his right to work and fundamental freedoms in Saudi Arabia. So far, his fate and whereabouts remain unknown.

Najla Abd El-Aziz:

Saudi security forces arrested activist Najla Abdul Aziz Mohammed al-Marwan on July 20, 2021, from her home in the capital al-Riyadh. Najla is a young divorced woman and a mother of two children. According to reports, Saudi Arabia is still forcibly hiding her after more than a month in detention, and the family has no information about her.

Najla’s Twitter account shows that she welcomed and supported the call to demonstrate in conjunction with Arafa Day. A group of activists launched a hashtag called #Arafat_Day_protest, and called for participation in a campaign against the government’s policies and the Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, with the goal of calling for the release of detainees, in addition to enabling young people’s right to employment, tax removal, and more.

ESOHR also monitored other arbitrary arrests. Local sources said victims were also subjected to enforced disappearance, including Sheikh Abdullah al-Shihri, who was arrested for tweets criticizing statements made by Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman. Among those reported missing are Reina Abdulaziz and Yasmine al-Ghafili.

Continuous Enforced Disappearances:

In addition, Saudi Arabia regularly hides individuals, with no information on their whereabouts for years.

In April 2016, preacher Suleiman al-Darwish disappeared during his visit to Mecca. His family does not know any details about the arrest or its reasons nor has it been officially informed of any information about his whereabouts. However, the Ministry of Interior posted his name on its website, which is dedicated to identifying the names and status of detainees. The statement indicated that he was “under investigation”, but his name was removed after a while.

Al-Darwish is still missing and despite the request from the UN Working Group on Enforced Disappearances for official information from Saudi Arabia on his whereabouts, his whereabouts remain unknown.”

Human rights organizations that received information in May 2012 confirmed to them that Al-Duwaish was transferred directly to the office of Saudi Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman after his arrest, where he beat him.

In August 2015, the Saudi government announced the arrest of Ahmad al-Mughassil in the Lebanese capital, Beirut. Since his arrest six years ago, the family has not been able to contact him or to know his whereabouts. Although Saudi Arabia announced the arrest, it did not announce where he was being held or the charges he is officially facing. Information the family received about the possible murder or death under torture raised concerns that the family could not get any information about his condition since his arrest.

In January 2020, Saudi security forces arrested Mohammed Al Ammar during a military raid in Qatif. The Saudi government announced the arrest of Ammar, who had been on wanted lists for years, but the family was unable to find out where he was, and they did not allow him any visits. In light of information about his severe injury during the arrest. Al-Ammar was not offered a trial, unless his whereabouts were known to be in enforced disappearance.

Hide as an introduction to unfair judgments:

Besides the cases in which individuals are still forcibly disappeared, detainees face harsh sentences, sometimes up to death, despite being subjected to enforced disappearance at the time of arrest. Among them is Mohammed Al-Shakhouri, who was forcibly disappeared by the Saudi government for three days after his arrest, and who was then able to communicate with his family in brief call, not being able to know what he was exposed to for eight months. The organization has also monitored executions of detainees including minors, despite violations there were subjected to including enforced disappearances, such as Abdelkrim al-Hawaj.

According to ESOHR, the Saudi government uses enforced disappearance for a variety of reasons. While in many cases concealment is used as a prelude to torture in order to extract confessions, it is used for reprisal motives that refuse to disclose definitively the status and location of the person forcibly disappeared and to intimidate the community and families.

The organization maintains that Saudi Arabia, through its practice of enforced disappearance, is committing a “crime against humanity” violating its domestic and international laws. And it recalls that no justification for the continuation of this crime can be invoked, as affirmed in the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance: “No exceptional circumstances whatsoever, whether a state of war or the threat of war, internal political instability or any other exception, may be invoked to justify enforced disappearance.”

Pregnant Palestinian Prisoner Appeals for International Intervention to Release Her

August 27, 2021

Anhar al-Deek, 26, is expected to have a cesarean delivery while in Israeli custody. (Photo: via Social Media)

Palestinian Anhar Al-Deek, who is nine months pregnant, has appealed for international intervention to release her from Israeli prison, so she can have her baby at home.

Twenty-six-year-old Al-Deek from the Kafr Ni’ma town, west of Ramallah, has sent a letter to her family urging them to call on the international community to help secure her freedom.

“What should I do if I give birth far from you? I am tied up, how can I give birth via cesarean section when I am alone in prison?” Anhar wrote in her letter to her family, adding: “I am exhausted, and I had severe pains in the pelvis and severe pain in my legs due to sleeping on the prison beds. I do not know how I want to sleep on it after my delivery operation.”

“How do I want to take my first steps after the operation, and how the warden holds my hands in disgust.”

“Israeli prison administration still wants to put me in isolation, my son and me,” she warned.

Anhar has been imprisoned for five months on charges of attempting to carry out a stabbing attack near an illegal settlement outpost, however, no verdict has yet been issued against her yet.

The Israeli prison authorities allowed her husband to visit her only once since her arrest.

Anhar’s mother, Aisha Al-Deek, told Anadolu that her daughter is living in a difficult psychological state, and there are real fears for her life during the birth.

Anhar has been diagnosed with depression and is fretting over her baby being delivered in squalid and dirty conditions, she added.

“We have contacted all the competent human rights and official bodies, consuls and embassies. We do not want anything but to allow Anhar to deliver her baby outside the prison,” Anhar’s mother said.

(MEMO, PC, Social Media)

Islamic Jihad Denounces Assault on Liberated Prisoner Al-Akhras

22 Aug 2021

Source: Al Mayadeen

The family of liberated Palestinian prisoner Maher Al-Akhras protests alongside dozens of Palestinians in front of the police headquarters in Bireh to demand the release of their kin whom the Palestinian Authority arrested.

Visual search query image
Liberated Palestinian prisoner Maher Al-Akhras (Archive)

The family of liberated Palestinian prisoner, Maher Al-Akhras, demonstrated alongside dozens of Palestinians in Bireh, 15 km from occupied Jerusalem, to demand the release of their kin whom the Palestinian Authority Security Forces have arrested during a protest.

The protest was against the assassination of Palestinian human rights activist, Nizar Banat, in Ramallah.

Palestinian Islamic Jihad denounced the attacks carried out by the Palestinian National Security Forces, calling the assault on liberated prisoner Maher Al-Akhras ‘shameful’ to the Palestinian Authority.

PIJ also denounced the PA’s heavy-handed suppression of the Palestinians, who went on a march demanding for the killers of Nizar Banat to be held accountable.

Additionally, the resistance movement called on the Palestinian Authority to free all prisoners and to stop violating rights and liberties.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations Palestine (29 July – 04 August 2021)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (29 July – 04 August 2021)

Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine

29  July – 4 August 2021

  • IOF excessive use of force renders 1 Palestinian killed during funeral
  • 7 Palestinians wounded, one in critical condition, in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank
  • In 129 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 48 civilians arrested, including 3 children and a woman
  • Israeli naval forces arrest 2fishermen and confiscates their fishing boat while at sea
  • IOF raid Bisan Centre for Research and Development and Defense for Children International  (DCI) in Ramallah, and al-Bustan Association in Jerusalem and confiscate items
  • IOF conducts wide-scale demolitions in occupied East Jerusalem and the Jordan Valleys in favor of settlement expansion
  • IOF established 67 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 2 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary                                                                                        

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians, turning the West Bank into isolated blocks of land. Israeli settlement expansion on Palestinian properties and land continued.. Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip enters its 15th year under closure, exacerbating the humanitarian hardships across the territory.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

IOF killed a Palestinian civilian and wounded 7 others in the West Bank. On 29 July 2021, Shawkat K. A. Za’aqeeq (21) died few hours after IOF shooting wounded him, along with 5 other civilians, during the funeral of a child killed by IOF in a previous day in Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, south of the West Bank. This crime is another stark example of IOF murders against Palestinians due to its excessive use of force. Two other Palestinians sustained wounds, one deemed in critical condition, during IOF raid into Jenin. Dozens suffocated due to tear gas inhalation, fired by IOF in its attacks in the West Bank.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 129 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 48 Palestinians were arrested, including 3 children and a woman. This week witnessed an escalation in IOF attacks against Palestinian civil society organizations in the oPt, as IOF raided 3 CSOs and confiscated items: Bisan Centre for Research and Development and Defense for Children International  (DCI) in Ramallah, where IOF broke doors, searched and damaged contents; and al-Bustan Association in Jerusalem where IOF confiscated items and arrested its Director, Qutaiba Owda (30). Owda remains in Israeli custody as of issuing this report.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF arrested 2 fishermen and confiscated their fishing boat while at sea off Gaza’s northern shore. This incident is yet another example of IOF recurrent attacks on Palestinian fishermen, denying them the right to work freely and access to populated fishing area. IOF also conducted a limited incursions into eastern Khan Younis.

Demolitions:

PCHR fieldworkers documented 6 violations:

  • Northern Jordan valleys: 4 Palestinians delivered demolition notices for their homes; tractor confiscated; 3 houses destroyed along with sheep barns and water tanks. IOF confiscated solar panels (belonging to 3 families), a power generator, and private vehicles (belonging to 2 families). IOF demolished 3 dwellings in central Jordan valleys.
  • Occupied East Jerusalem: 3 brothers forced to self-demolish their apartments (3) in al-Tor neighborhood; 16 shops destroyed and a fence near Hizma military checkpoint.
  • Nablus: agricultural room destroyed in Sebastia.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented one settler attack from “Har Brakha” settlement, southeastern Nablus, on Burin village, during the attack settlers cut with chainsaws 6 telecom pillars connected to civilian houses.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

This week, Israeli occupation authorities announced a series of relief measures for Gaza, including expanding the fishing area from 6 to 12 nautical miles, allowing the entry of equipment and goods for projects sponsored by the international community in the Gaza Strip in the food, medicine, and fishing sectors.

However, IOF continue to ban the entry of dozens of goods, including construction materials, and to impose collective punishment measures against the Gaza Strip, by tightening its closure, which entered its 15th year without an end in sight, denying Palestinians from enjoying their full economic, social, and cultural rights.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the 2000 Second Intifada -still closed to this date- and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest, especially at al-Karama border crossing, alongside the Palestinian-Jordanian border.

   I. Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity

  • At approximately 19:00 on Thursday, 29 July 2021, in excessive use of force, a Palestinian civilian died few hours after his injury by IOF along with 5 other civilians during the funeral of a child killed by IOF in a previous day in Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, south of the West Bank.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 13:00 on Thursday, the funeral of Mohammed Moayad Bahjat Shehda Abu Sarah (12), who was killed by IOF on Wednesday when the latter opened fire at his father’s car at the village entrance, started from the central of Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. When the mourners arrived at the intersection leading to the cemetery, a large number of IOF were deployed in the area and closed the street with military vehicles. Also, IOF fired teargas canisters at the mourners, so they were forced to flee towards the cemetery through a sub-road. A large number of villages remained on the street and threw stones at IOF. At approximately 14:00, IOF fired 2 live bullets from a distance of 70 meters at Shawkat Khaled ‘Abdullah Za’aqeeq (21); the first bullet penetrated his upper right abdomen, so he fell to the ground, while the second bullet penetrated his head during his attempt to get up off the ground. A number of Palestinian young men managed to reach Za’aqeeq and took him to a Palestinian Red Crescent ambulance that transferred him to al-Mizan Specialized Hospital, where he underwent a surgery to stop the bleeding. At approximately 19:00, doctors announced Za’aqeeq dead succumbing to his wounds. During the clashes, which continued until 16:00, 5 civilians were shot with live and rubber bullets and taken to hospitals for treatment. It should be noted that during the clashes, IOF used a skunk carrying vehicle and flooded shops with wastewater. IOF continued to station at the village’s entrance, which was closed until night hours.

  • At approximately 18:00 on Saturday, IOF suppressed a peaceful sit-in called by families who are under the threat of evacuating their houses in favor of settlement associations in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, north of occupied East Jerusalem. PCHR’s fieldworker said that in the morning, a large number of IOF were deployed at the neighborhood’s entrances. At approximately 18:00, IOF surrounded the neighborhood, patrolled its intersections, and closed them with iron barriers. They also banned all Palestinians, including journalists and paramedics, from entering the neighborhood and checked their IDs.

Moreover, IOF assaulted Palestinians who organized a sit-in in a tent in the neighborhood, beat them with batons, forcibly vacated the tent, chased the protestors on the neighborhood’s streets, and pumped wastewater at them to disperse them. IOF also intentionally pumped wastewater at press crews and their equipment. Furthermore, IOF arrested Mohammed ‘Odah (16) after beating and pushing him.

It should be noted that a few days ago, Sheikh Jarrah families invited activists and media to gather and participate in the sit-in that was organized in front of the houses threatened with eviction, to support them emphasizing the importance of popular support for their cause, as the Supreme Court session on the displacement of 4 families from the neighborhood approaches. The families threatened of displacement from Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood are: al-Kurd, Iskafi, al-Qasem and al-Ja’ouni. It should be mentioned that the Israeli Central Court had previously ratified the displacement decision.

  • At approximately 22:30 on Monday, 02 August 2021, IOF moved into Jenin-Hifa Street, west of Jenin, and fired teargas canisters at a wedding of Jamal Mohammed Tahayina, which was organized in al-Omara Hall, at the entrance to Silat al-Harithiya village. As a result, many persons suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot. Also, the wedding was canceled due to IOF assault.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Tuesday, 03 August 2021, IOF moved into Jenin to conduct an arrest campaign. During which, a number of Palestinians gathered and threw stones at IOF vehicles. IOF fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at the protestors. As a result, two protestors were injured with live bullets; one of them deemed serious and received treatment at Dr. Khalil Suliman Hospital. Also, many protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.

   II. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 29 July 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched 2 houses and arrested 2 civilians: Nour Khaled Horoub (23), and Mo’taz Mohammed Horoub (21).
  • At approximately 02:35, IOF moved into Tell villages, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Ibrahim Mostafa ‘Abed’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF stormed the head office of Bisan Centre for Research and Development in al-Nahdah Building in al-MAsyoun neighborhood in Ramallah. They searched the Center’s offices, ransacked its contents, and seized 2 computers.

The Centre’s Director, Obay al-Aboudi, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF banged down the Centre’s main door with a tool specifically for demolition and broke the glass of 3 interior doors.  They thoroughly searched all the Centre’s lockers and seized 2 computers: a laptop and a computer set.

It should be noted that Bisan Center for Research and Development is a civil institution progressive democratic and non-profit working to enhance the steadfastness of the Palestinian people.

  • At approximately 05:00, IOF raided the headquarter of Defense for Children International (DCI), located on the first floor of al-Sirtawi building in Sateh Marhaba neighborhood, east of al-Bireh. IOF damaged the main door and searched the contents of the office and confiscated 6 computers and some folders.

According to information obtained by PCHR from ‘Amer Qteish, Director of the Accountability Program at DCI- Palestine, IOF banged down the office door and stayed there for an hour and a half and then withdrew, firing teargas canister all their way out of the building.

  • In the early morning hours, IOF arrested 2 fishermen and confiscated a fishing boat sailing off Gaza northern shore, as part of the Israeli harassment against Palestinian fishermen to prevent them from sailing and fishing freely in areas where fish breed.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 06:00, Israeli gunboats stationed offshore, adjacent to al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing at 3 nautical miles, and heavily opened fire around them. They surrounded a fishing boat belonging to Mohammed Abdul Razik Baker (50), from western Gaza Strip, arrested him along with his son, Mohammed (18), confiscated their fishing boat and took them to unknown destinations. At approximately 12:00, Baker and his son were released and their fishing boat was returned.

  • At approximately 19:30, IOF raided and searched Ma’rouf Ahmed al-Atrash’s (19) house in Beit Jala, west of Bethlehem governorate, and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Sa’ir, Aroub refugee camp and al-Tabqa villages in Hebron; Sebastia and al-Nassariya villages in Nablus governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 30 July 2021

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF raided and searched Mahmoud Mohammed Salah’s (27) house in al-Khader village, west of Bethlehem governorate, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Eissa Mohammed al-Herimi (22), from Hindaza area in Bethlehem governorate, while present in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF raided and searched Hasan Tareq Ghannam’s (22) house in ‘Aqqaba village, west of Tubas, and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in al-Shuyukh village and al-Fawwar refugee camp in Hebron; Ya’bad, Arraba and Jaba’ in Jenin governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 31 July 2021:

  • At approximately 00:10, IOF arrested Belal Khaled Kmeil (28), while passing through a military checkpoint established at the entrance of Misilyah village, southeast of Jenin.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF raided and searched Ahmed Sharif Zeidat’s (35) house in Bani Naim village, east of Hebron, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF raided and searched 2 houses in Hebron’s Old City and arrested Hamad Jameel al-Ja’bari (21), and Abdul Baset Hazem al-Ja’bari (33).
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Idhna and al-Shuyukh villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 01 August 2021

  • At approximately 10:00, Ayham Adnan al-Sha’er (15), from al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, surrendered himself to the Israeli prisons to serve his sentence of 6 months. It should be noted that IOF arrested Ayham last year and then he was released on conditions of the house arrest.
  • At approximately 23:00, Israeli Intelligence Services summonsed Dawoud Mahmoud Abu al-Hawa (19) and Sufian Firas Abu al-Hawa (18), for investigation in Kishle center in West Jerusalem, after storming their houses in al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.

Monday, 02 August 2021:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF raided and searched 2 houses in Jaba’ village, south of Jenin, and arrested Malik Yaser Fashafisha (23), and Emad Ahmed Shaqiqat (22).
  • Around the same time, IOF raided and searched Mohammed Ali Mohsen’s (23) house in Abu Dis, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF raided and searched Jad Essam Nafea’s (20) house in Ni’lin, west of Ramallah, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF raided and searched 3 houses in Beita, southeast of Nablus, and arrested 3 civilians. The arrestees are: Jehad Ahmed Dweikat (30), Karam Mohammed Dawoud (21), and Sa’eed Zuhair Dawoud (20).
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF raided and searched Adnan Mohammed al-Yasini’s (21) house in Ras al-Amud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved 100-meters to the east of al-Qarara village, northeast of Khan Yunis. They leveled and combed lands adjacent to the border fence with Israel for hours before they deployed again.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Shu’afat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Yousef al-Joulani (19) and Isma’el al-Joulani (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 18:45, IOF moved into Qaffin village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Fayez Waleed Sabbah (24) and Ahmed Fathi To’ma (26) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Sheikh Jarrah village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested 3 civilians: Ghaith Ghosha (21), Islam Ghteit (21), and Suhaib Syam (23).
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed at Mevo Dotan military checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Mohammed Shaher Obaid (30), from Anze village. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 21:30, IOF moved into Yamun village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Jamil Ali Khamaysa (55), and his son, Mo’taz (20), and arrested them.
  • IIOF carried out (3) incursions in Salem, Rujeib and Udala villages in Nablus governorate. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 03 August 2021

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into in Ras al-Amud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Tala Younis al-Ghoul’s (19) house and arrested her.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Fadi Mohammed al-Karaki (22) and Mo’taz Ali Obaido (24) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Baten al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Monthir Mahmoud Jamjoum’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Khaled Abu al-So’oud’s (24) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched al-Bustan Association headquarter, arrested its director, Qutaiba Owda (30), and took him to a police center on Salah al-Dein street in Jerusalem.

Amany Owda, vice-president of the association, said that IOF stormed al-Bustan Association office in al-Bustan neighborhood in Silwan, forced them to vacate the office, and started searching and damaging the office contents. She added that IOF confiscated files, documents and computers, and arrested Qutaiba Owda, whose arrest was extended to be presented before the Magistrate Court on the next day, where the court refused to release him and extended his arrest to several more days.

  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Dura and Fawwar refugee camp in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 04 August 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into the eastern side of Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mustafa Hamed al-‘Ajlouni and Hamed Awni Idris (23).
  • At approximately 01:40, IOF moved into Sa’ir village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched 3 houses belonging to Izz al-Dein Ahmed al-Shalalida (25), Hammam Yousef Shalalida (30), and Mohammed Diab al-Tarda (32), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Maher Ahmed Zaytoun’s (16) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. They raided and searched Wa’el Shaker Mashah’s house and arrested his sons; Jameel (22), and Eyad (24).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Wad Abu al-Samn area, south of Hebron. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Hussain Hasan Abu Hussain (33), and his brother, Mohammed (33), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searhed several houses and arrested Islam Mas’oud Zaytoun (13), and Sinan Ibrahim Awwad (19).
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in al-Dhahiriya, al-Karmel village in Yatta, and Bayt Ula in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  III. Demolitions, Confiscations, and Notices

  • At approximately 06:50 on Thursday, 29 July 2021, IOF accompanied with an Israeli Civil Administration SUV moved into ‘Ein al-Helweh area in Northern Jordan Valleys. The Civil Administration officer handed notices to 4 farmers in order to demolish their dwellings under the pretext of its illegal construction in Area C.  Those farmers were identified as ‘Adel Mohammed ‘Awad ‘Alian, Soliman Mohammed Ka’abnah; Hamad ‘Alian ‘Awwad and Fatmah Nassar Soiman Ka’abnah.  IOF also confiscated a tractor belonging to Jamil Soliman Mefdi Bani ‘Odah in the nearby Kherbet Ras al-Ahmar.
  • In the morning, Suhaib and Firas Ahmed al-Dejani self-demolished their houses in Khelet al-‘Ein area in al-Tour neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, pursuant to the Israeli Finance and Interior Ministries’ decision under the pretext of unlicensed construction.

The 2 brothers said to PCHR’s fieldworker they started building a second floor of 200 square meters divided into 3 small apartments, which were finished and fully furnished 4 months ago.  The brothers added that they and their families of 14 members, including 6 children, lived in the 3 apartments, which cost around ILS 700,000, i.e. around $200,000.  They added that the Israeli Municipality has haunted them and issued a demolition decision for the apartments although Khelet al-‘Ein area has an organized lands project. Thus, they hired a lawyer to freeze the demolition decision and start the license procedures, but the Ministry of Finance and Interior insisted on the demolition decision.  As a result, the Israeli police daily raided the houses lately, threatening them to evacuate and demolish their houses as well as giving them until Sunday to carry out the demolition or the municipality will send their crews to do so and impose on them heavy fines.  The brothers said that they did not have money to pay the fines, especially that they borrowed thousands of shekels to finish their apartments.

  • At approximately 02:30 on Wednesday, 04 August 2021, the Israeli municipalities accompanied with 500 Israeli officers, 4 excavators and 2 bulldozers moved into the main road near Hizma military checkpoint, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem and demolished 16 shops in the area in addition to a house fence.

Member of Hizma Municipal administrative committee, ‘Abdulah Salah al-Deen, said that demolition continued for 8 hours; during which 13 shops belonging to ‘Abdel ‘Aziz Shehadah al-Khatib and that support 150 individuals.  The shops were auto repair and car accessories, a carwash, grocery shop, a tile shop and a lathe workshop in addition to garages.  Salah al-Deen said that IOF razed a 1-dunum land belonging to Ahmed Shehadah al-Khatib, which included a shop for construction tools that cost around 300,000 ILS, demolished the shop.  IOF also demolished 2 shops belonging to Salem Abu Markhiyeh for tires.  They also demolished a house fence belonging to Noha al-Khatib after raiding the house and terrified the children.

The shops’ owners said that that their shops were built of cement and bricks 14 years ago and since then the Israeli municipality crews had raided and threatened of demolishing their shops as well as imposing fines under the pretext of unlicensed construction, claiming that the land on which the shops were built is within the Jerusalem Municipal boundaries.  The owners added that over the past few years, they have paid exorbitant sums to lawyers in order to abolish the demolition decision, but IOF raided their shops at 15:00 the day before and gave them 5 hours to self-demolish their shops.  However, they could not vacate their shops that require days to be emptied.  They were surprised in the dawn with IOF’s moving into the area and starting the demolition while the contents were inside, inflicting huge financial losses.

  • The lawyer of the shops’ owners, Medhat Deebah, said that the Israeli District Court abolished 2 months ago a petition filed by the Ragabim Settlement Organization to demolish 16 facilities in Hizma. However, the Israeli Government issued on Thursday afternoon a demolition decision to be implemented within 8 hours despite the closure of the Israeli courts due to the judicial leave, making it not possible to take any procedure that would stop the governmental decision. Deebah said that the governmental decision at this time proves the Israeli Government’s compliance with the settlement organizations’ plans, seeking to deprive the Palestinians of their property and lands.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF accompanied with 3 bulldozers and an Israeli Civil Administration SUV moved into Kherbet Bzeiq in the Northern Jordan Valleys. Immediately, the bulldozers demolished dwellings belonging to 3 families, sheep barns and water tanks and confiscated the solar cells belonging to 5 families and a generator in addition to private cars to other families.
#NameDamage
Nael ‘Ali Khalil al-Hroub2 residential tents demolished and confiscated3 sheep barn tents demolished and confiscated (each tent is 60 sqms)A 200-sqm sheep barnA Solar Cell’s 4 batteries and an invertorA water tank 
Hayel Hussein Mahmoud Turkman2 residential tents demolished and confiscated4 sheep barn tents demolished and confiscated (each tent is 60 sqms)A 350-sqm sheep barnGeneratorSolar panels confiscatedA water tankA Mitsubishi Magnum vehicle  
Mohammed Methqal Daraghmah2 residential tents demolished and confiscated2 sheep barn tents demolished and confiscated (each tent is 60 sqms)A tent used as a kitchen demolished and confiscatedFodders storage tent confiscated and demolished1 solar cell confiscatedA 200sqm open barnA water tank
‘Adel Nasarllah al-Hroub1 solar cell confiscated
Mustafa ‘Ali Nasrallah al-Hroub1 solar cell confiscated
Nemer Mousa Nasrallah al-Hroub1 solar cell confiscated
‘Aziz Khalil Nawaj’ah1 private car confiscated
  • At approximately 09:30, IOF accompanied with a bulldozer and an Israeli Civil Administration SUV moved into the archeological area in western Sebasitia village, northwest of Nablus. Immediately, the bulldozer demolished an agricultural room built of bricks and asbestos on an area of 30sqms in addition to a gate and am iron fence surrounding the land belonging to ‘Abdel ‘Aziz Ra’eq al-Nabulso from Nablus.  This is the third time that this room has been demolished in two years under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C.
  • At approximately 11:30, IOF accompanied with an Israeli Civil Administration SUV moved into Kherbet Thera’a ‘Awwad near Furush Beit Dajan village, north of al-Hamra checkpoint in the central valleys in the northern West Bank. The bulldozers immediately demolished 3 rooms (between 30 and 40 sqms) belonging to ‘Adnan ‘Abdel Mahdi Ghayyad al-Salamin and his sons, ‘Abdel Karim and ‘Abdel Mahdi.  The demolition was under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C.

Settler attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property

  • On Friday morning, 30 July 2021, a group of settlers from “Har Brakha” settlement, east of Burin village, southeast of Nablus, assaulted the southeastern outskirts of Burin village and cut with automatic saws 6 communication poles connected to the houses. They then fled away to their settlement. 

    IV. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip:

The Israeli authorities continued to impose collective punishments against the people of the Gaza Strip, including tightened restrictions on imports and exports, causing a serious deterioration in Palestinians’ enjoyment of their economic and cultural rights.

On Thursday, 29 July 2021, the Israeli occupation authorities announced relief measures for the Gaza Strip, including expansion of the fishing area.

Ghassan Alian,  the Israeli Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories, said in a statement “after a series of assessments for the situation with the approval of the political level, it was decided to expand the Gaza fishing area from 6 to 12 nautical miles as of Friday.” He added, “As of Sunday, the entry of equipment and goods will be permitted for the benefit of projects sponsored by the international community Gaza in the fields of food, medicine, and fishing.” IOF also allowed the entry of electrical and agricultural tools from Israel to the Gaza strip, and mentioned that export of industrial waste from Gaza to Israel.

The statement also included that, “it was decided to allow Palestinians from the Gaza Strip to travel via King Hussein bridge, as per the existing standards.” Additionally, as a one-time measure, 29 private vehicles left at Beit Hanoun crossing, since the beginning of the Israeli aggression on Gaza in May, will be permitted entry.

The West Bank:

In addition to 108 permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of 67 temporary checkpoints that restrict the movement of goods and individuals, where IOF searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 2 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints. IOF reinforced its restrictions on civilians’ freedom of movement at its permanent checkpoints in the West Bank and shut some checkpoints for several hours on multiple occasions.

Hereafter are PCHR documentation of restrictions on the freedom of movement and IOF-established temporary checkpoints across the West Bank this week:

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 29 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Biddu and Al-Eizariya
  • On Friday, 30 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Biddu and Al-Eizariya

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 29 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Tuqu, Beit Fajjar and Nahalin villages, and in ‘Aqabet Hasna area, which leads to Bethlehem’s western villages.
  • On Friday, 30 July 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Wadi Fukin, Tuqu and Husan villages.
  • On Saturday, 31 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Tuqu village, in ‘Aqabet Hasna area and near al-Nashash intersection, south of the city.
  • On Sunday, 01 August 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the western entrance to Tuqu village, east of the city.
  • On Monday, 02 August 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village and at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 03 August 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Wadi Fukin village, in ‘Aqabet Hasna area and near al-Nashash intersection, south of the city.

Ramallah

  • On Thursday,29 July 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Beitillu village, at Halamish intersection, northwest of the city, and at Wadi al-Dalab intersection between Ras Karkar and Deir Ibzi villages.
  • On Friday, 30 July 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the main entrance to Jalazone refugee camp, north of the city.
  • On Sunday, 01 August 2021, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Nabi Salih, Turmus Ayya, Silwad and Ein Siniya villages, and at Halamish intersection, northwest of the city.
  • On Monday, 02 August 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ein Siniya village, north of the city.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 29 July 2021, IOF stationed at al-Hamra checkpoint, north of the city, tightened their arbitrary measures at the checkpoints, checked Palestinians’ IDs and searched their vehicles, which caused a traffic jam.
  • On Friday, 30 July 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Aqabat Jaber refugee camp, southwest of the city.
  • On Saturday, 31 July 2021, IOF stationed at al-Hamra checkpoint, north of the city, tightened their arbitrary measures at the checkpoints, checked Palestinians’ IDs and searched their vehicles, which caused a traffic jam.
  • On Sunday, 01 August 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to the city.
  • On Monday, 02 August 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to the city.

Nablus:

  • On Saturday, 31 July 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Deir Sharaf village, west of the city.
  • On Sunday, 01 August 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sarra village, southwest of the city.

Jenin:

  • On Saturday, 31 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoint at the entrances to Raba and Al-Mansura villages, southeast of the city.
  • On Sunday, 01 August 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ya’bad village, southwest of the city.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 29 July 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Idhna and Khasa villages, and at the northern entrance to Halhul city.
  • On Friday, 30 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Karma and Surif villages, at the southern entrance to Hebron, and at the northern entrance to Yatta city.
  • On Saturday, 31 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to Fawwar refugee camp, at the western entrance to the city, and at the entrances to Bani Na’im and Susya villages.
  • On Sunday, 01 August 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Khasa village, at the southern entrance to Halhul city, and at the northern entrance to Yatta city.
  • On Tuesday, 03 August 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Ummar and Ash-Shuyukh villages.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 29 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Kafr ad-Dik, Deir Istiya and Deir Ballut village, and at the entrance to the city.
  • On Friday, 30 July 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Ballut and Rafat villages, and at the entrance to the city.
  • On Saturday, 31 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Kafr ad-Dik, Deir Istiya and Deir Ballut villages, and at the entrance to Salfit.

Tulkarm:

  • On Friday, 30 July 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beit Lid village, east of the city.

The Right of the Palestinian People to Self-Determination under “Israel’s” Colonial Occupation

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July 29, 2021

Source: Al Mayadeen

Afreen Rizvi

From Palestine and South Africa to the Americas and Australia, settler-colonists [have] violently fought to prevent the indigenous people, that were colonised, from fighting for liberation.

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This article explores Palestine’s right to self-determination under “Israel’s” illegal occupation. This paper seeks to demonstrate that since the Balfour Declaration that was issued by the British Government in 1917, there have been politically driven strategies deployed to gradually liquidate the Palestinian people. The indigenous people of Palestine have been faced with systematic persecution, apartheid policies and brutal occupation; as such, it is submitted that the Palestinian people must be able to exercise their right to self-determination. I will begin with a discussion on self-determination as a right before outlining the historical background of the “Israel”-Palestine issue, and the political allyship of each entity apart. 

Self-Determination in International Law

The principle of self-determination, as it is understood today, evolved from a principle to a right, triggering much debate over the years. It denotes the legal right to peoples to decide their own destiny in the context of international order.[1]There are two aspects to self-determination: internal and external. Internal self-determination is the right of the people to govern themselves without any other interference, this includes the independence to freely choose their own political, economic and social system.[2] External self-determination on the other hand is the right for peoples to determine their own status politically – this allows the establishment of an independent state. After the First World War, and specifically after his famous “Fourteen Points” speech, US President Woodrow Wilson declared that, “Peoples may not be dominated and governed only by their own consent. ‘Self-determination’ is not a mere phrase. It is an imperative principle of action, which statesmen will henceforth ignore at their peril.”[3] The right of self-determination was introduced to the UN Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples in 1960, and subsequently adopted by the UN General Assembly Resolution 1514 in the same year. Additionally, the UN Charter stated that one of the purposes of the United Nations was “respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples.”[4] Upon adopting the Declaration of Decolonisation, the UN underlined the necessity of ending colonialism and through this declared, inter alia, that the right to self-determination was not limited. 

It is important to note that the right of self-determination has been cited extensively by the UN assembly, Security Council, and is enshrined in various treaties as well as in decisions made by the International Court of Justice (ICJ). The following excerpt from the aforementioned declaration was subsequently introduced in Article 1 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and Article 1 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) providing a detailed legal definition of self-determination, and this definition is used in various international and national treaties and documents.[5]

“All peoples have the right to self-determination; by virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social, and cultural development.” 

It is widely accepted that the right of self-determination is applicable to “peoples” in colonial territories, as well as others who do not fall in the category of being colonised or oppressed, the only difference is they have to exercise their rights internally. The right of self-determination is no longer limited to the conventional colonial independence scenarios, such that various ethnic and cultural groups of people within different states effectively rely on the right of self-determination in order to declare their independence.[6] A common argument often presented against the right of self-determination is that the principle of territorial integrity in relation to states is challenged by the principle of self-determination – as it is the will of the people that fundamentally leads to the legitimacy of a state. This indicates that people are not only free to choose their state but also their territorial boundaries. However, in accordance with the Helsinki Final Act of 1975, the United Nations and International Court of Justice demonstrated that there is no contradiction between territorial integrity and the right of self-determination.[7] In that context, it is necessary to add that Koskenneimi argued that “It is doubtful whether the statement of principle was intended to be taken literally… its revolutionary potential was tempered by the Final Acts strong emphasis on territorial integrity.”[8]

In the context of Palestinian self-determination, I submit that “Israel” is a colonial entity that has occupied Palestinian territory; thus, the Palestinian people must be able to exercise this right. It is imperative to note that under international law, only groups categorized as “peoples” have the right to self-determination. The interpretation of “peoples”, however, continues to cause confusion. For example, one may question do all “peoples” need to share one ethnicity or location? If so, where would be the place that gathers people who are a part of multi-ethnic states? With regard to Palestinians, “Israel” has already officially accepted the existence of the “Palestinian peoples” in the Camp David Accords signed with Egypt in the year 1978.[9]

Moreover, it is argued that the right of self-determination can heavily disrupt the essence of peace, such that political communities may resort to force if their demands are not met.[10] Violence was also exhibited in the case of Nigeria after the British authorities recognized three main groups, Igbos, Hausa-Fulani and Yoruba. These groups were legally recognized after seeking independence. These minority groups were effectively excluded from the political sphere and the impact of this devolution caused further ethnic divide and political strife[11]. It is claimed that the violence that erupted between 1965-1967 with Nigerians and Biafrans signified that exercising the right of self-determination leads to political and ethnic turmoil.[12] 

In response to this argument, it is contended that despite self-determination struggles usually portrayed as violent and brutal measures, people should still have the freedom to exercise this fundamental right. It is important to understand that colonial settlers aggressively battled to preserve their right of conquest as their own right to self-determination. Till present day, “Israel” has committed war crimes, most notably in Gaza. From Palestine and South Africa to the Americas and Australia, settler-colonists [have] violently fought to prevent the indigenous people, that were colonised, from fighting for liberation, thus the argument that self-determination leads to violence and brutality does not hold much weight in this context considering it is no different to the measures taken by colonising entities.[13] Further to this, in the past, the UN has failed to sustain peace even with states that exercised their right to self-determination, as noticed with the case of Cyprus.[14] Conflicts among states exist irrespective of self-determination, therefore the premise of this argument is incorrect. It may be more suitable to look beyond the UN paradigm if we ought to find lasting solutions to such conflicts.

The Palestine-Israel Conflict

In order to better understand the Israel-Palestine conflict, it is necessary to present the issue within the historical framework of decolonisation struggles. Historically, the world has witnessed decolonisation struggles beginning with violence as a result of a people being denied independence and liberation by the colonising entity. The Palestinian struggle against the Zionist ethnonationalist entity has lasted since the 20th century; the story of Palestine is on political independence, liberation, and putting an end to the apartheid Israeli regime. Whilst Zionists argue that “Israel” has a historic right to Palestinian land, it is imperative to note that had it not been for the involvement of European imperial powers, most notably Britain, there would have not been any creation of “Israel”. In November 1917, Britain the de facto ruler of Palestine, issued the Balfour Declaration. The eighty-word statement by Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour announced support for the establishment of a “national home for the Jewish people” in Palestine. 

In 1922, five years after the Balfour Declaration, the “League of Nations” approved the British Mandate for Palestine and the establishment of a “Jewish homeland.” The decision of the mandate did not consider the will of the Palestinian people or their fundamental rights. Between 1939 and 1949, there were a series of mass protests that took place against Jewish immigration to Palestine as well as armed Zionist groups launching attacks against the indigenous people of Palestine[15]. It is necessary to note that in 1947, the UN adopted Resolution 181, a partition plan for Palestine which was subsequently rejected by the Palestinians. The UN General Assemblies plan was to partition Palestine between the native Palestinians and the Jewish colonial settlers. Throughout 1948-1949, the Palestinians were attacked by Zionist forces. Villages and hotels were bombed near Haifa demonstrating early signs of ethnic cleansing. In April 1948, one month before the State of “Israel” was created, Zionist forces massacred over 100 250 Palestinians in the city of Deir Yassin[16] which is in close proximity to Jerusalem. In December of 1948[17], the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 194 which allowed the right of return of Palestinian refugees. This is a brief explanation of how the state of “Israel” came into existence. In 1974, Yasser Arafat, a Palestinian Political leader stated:

“The [UN] General Assembly partitioned what it had no right to divide – an indivisible homeland.”

“Israel” consistently and tactically made use of Occupation Law to further acquire Palestinian land whilst simultaneously arbitrarily arresting and targeting Palestinian people through the use of apartheid policies. It is argued that “Israel” has used UNSC Resolution 242 to justify and legitimate these actions through “political framework shaped by U.S intervention”[18] as mentioned by Noura Erakat, a human rights attorney and Palestinian activist. Erakat claims that the Occupation Law failing to regulate Palestinian territories effectively, is a result of a political, not a legal contest. It is asserted that “Israel’s” argument that the Palestinian territories are simply under their administration, would hold no weight were it not for the political powers involved in the region. 

Furthermore, it is also argued that the United States has favoured “Israel” to such an extent that the US dismisses “Israel’s” violation of international law and allows the state to carry out war crimes without facing any repercussions besides blanket statements. As a result of the Occupation Law that “Israel” takes advantage of, Palestinian territories remain occupied, Palestinian people are systematically being ethnically cleansed[19], and their fundamental rights such as the freedom of movement are infringed.

The Human Rights Watch published a report in April 2021, in which it was made very clear that for the past 54 years, Israeli authorities have transferred Jewish Israeli’s to the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OTP) and “granted them a superior status under the law as compared to Palestinians living in the same territory when it comes to civil rights, access to land, and freedom to move, build, and confer residency rights to close relatives.”[20] In 1970, the General Assembly Resolution 2625 added that “Every state has the duty to respect this right in accordance with the provision of the charter.” Therefore, “Israel” and the international community as a whole should not be denying the Palestinians their right to self-determination. Palestine should be able to manage its own affairs without the interference of external and colonial entities. It is important to understand that the Palestinian people have witnessed the occupation of their lands, forced expulsions to neighbouring lands, military bombardment, and erasure of their identity. As such, the struggle for independence and self-determination should be welcomed by all. 

Ali Abunimah, a policy adviser, argues that self-determination “must return to the center of the Palestinian struggle”[21]. To add, Abunimah asserts that the Palestinian right to self-determination can indeed be compatible with the coexistence of Jews. It is claimed that the United States has a long history of deciding the fate of the Palestinian people. For instance, as per the Clinton Parameters, “Israel” would get “Jewish neighbourhoods” and the Palestinians would get “Arab neighbourhoods”. In hindsight, this meant that “Israel” would be allowed to keep the land it has colonised and annexed since 1967, and the people of Palestine would be able to have what is left – which Israeli occupation forces and settlers continue to annex and occupy till today. America’s “peace process” has allowed “Israel” to aggressively maintain their illegal occupation of the Palestinian people.[22] 

Professor Noam Chomsky in his book ‘On Palestine’[23] highlights that “Israel’s” policies are directly connected to the Zionist ideology that “both aim to establish a Jewish state by taking over as much of historical Palestine as possible and leaving in it as few Palestinians as possible.” Chomsky, a Jewish historian and activist, further claims that the international community has “never condemned” the Israeli entity which led to the enormous expulsion of 750,000 people and the destruction of hundreds of villages and towns. In addition to this, Chomsky states that “ethnic cleansing has become the DNA of Israeli Jewish society.” Erasing the Palestinian land and people should be enough of a reason for the remaining people of Palestine to exercise their right to self-determination. There are distinct similarities between Palestine and the apartheid in South Africa. The Israeli Knesset authorises legislation that separates, segregates, and discriminates against the Palestinians. A recent report by Human Rights Watch also backs up this claim:

“Israeli authorities methodically privilege Jewish Israelis and discriminate against Palestinians. Laws, policies, and statements by leading Israeli officials make plain that the objective of maintaining Jewish Israeli control over demographics, political power, and land has long guided government policy.”[24]

The United States of America remains a close ally of “Israel”. The U.S provides financial and military support to “Israel” which has been used criticised by several human rights agencies as this funding is used to perpetrate human rights abuses against the Palestinians, particularly in the Gaza Strip. In the Ten-Year Memorandum of Understanding between the United States and “Israel”, $38 billion has been promised to “Israel” from the U.S beginning in 2016.[25] This includes $3.3 billion in Foreign Military financing and $500 million for missile defence programs. Several U.S politicians declare their support for “Israel” and do not shy away from mentioning “Israel has every right to defend itself” despite the fact that it is “Israel” that is committing heinous crimes against the Palestinian people. As mentioned by Chomsky, as a result of political power and close relationship with the U.S, “Israel” has been able to act with impunity since 1948. The U.S also has a history of blocking UN resolutions[26] against “Israel”. According to UN data, since 1972, the US has vetoed at least 53 United Nations Security Council resolutions that are critical of “Israel”[27]. 

Contrastingly, Palestine does not have such strong allies. Palestinian resistance leaders have announced receiving military and financial support from the Islamic Republic of Iran; however, I submit that as Iran is a sanctioned country, the support offered to Palestine may not be as much as the support offered by the U.S and the UK to “Israel”. The UK has consistently and repeatedly sold arms to “Israel” despite its illegal occupation of Palestine.[28]

In conclusion, the people of Palestine have every right to self-determination, and this can be understood just by investigating the crimes perpetrated by “Israel” against the Palestinians, and the systematic oppression they have faced as a people. Since 1969, the General Assembly has recognised the “inalienable rights of the people of Palestine”[29] In 1974, member states of the UN worked to restore the “Question of Palestine” on the General Assembly agenda, and as such Arab heads of states upheld the “right of the Arab Palestinian people to the return to its homeland and its right to self-determination.”[30] Some weeks later the General Assembly passed resolution 3236 which mentioned “Recognizing that the Palestinian people are entitled to self-determination in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,” and (a) The right to self-determination without external interference”. It should be noted that the General Assembly condemned governments which failed to recognise the right to self-determination and independence of peoples under “colonial and foreign domination”. For the Palestinians to exercise this right, the Israeli entity must vacate from the occupied areas in order to establish an independent Palestinian state. The United Nations has again affirmed its commitment to the Palestinian right to self-determination. In November 2020, the UN General Assembly endorsed a draft resolution once again recognising “the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination, including their right to an independent State of Palestine.”[31] 163 states voted in favour of this resolution, whilst 5 states voted against this, namely: “Israel”, The United States of America, Micronesia, Nauru, and the Marshal Islands. Tomis Kapitan eloquently argues that legitimate residents of Palestine include all Palestinians irrespective of where they are located in Palestine, including Palestinian refugees outside of the country. He states that “expulsion does not remove ones right of residency… Palestinians also retain residency rights in those territories from which they were expelled.”[32] Kapitan asserts that the Palestinian people, as a collective, have the “entitlement to being self-determining in that region [historic Palestine]… not qua Palestinians, but qua legitimate residents. The force used against them has not erased the fact that they are, and are recognized as being; a legitimate unit entitled to participate in their own self-determination.”[33]

Whilst some may argue that the Palestinian right to self-determination is an anti-Semitic stance, it should be duly noted that a Palestinian state would include Jews, Muslims and Christians. It is in fact the Zionist entity that remains anti-Semitic by expulsing and rejecting Jewish natives from enjoying their rights in Occupied Palestine. It should be remembered that the Palestinian right to self-determination is legal and in accordance with international law. For the state of Palestine to be completely independent, colonial settlers will have to return to the European countries they entered from and respect international law. To end, a group of academics including Palestinians and Israelis issued a One State Declaration in 2007, inspired by the South African Freedom Charter and declared: “The historic land of Palestine belongs to all who live in it and to those who were expelled or exiled from it since 1948, regardless of religion, ethnicity, national origin or current citizenship status; Any system of government must be founded on the principle of equality in civil, political, social and cultural rights for all citizens. Power must be exercised with rigorous impartiality on behalf of all people in the diversity of their identities.[34]

sources

[1]https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/self_determination_(international_law)#:~:text=Self%2Ddetermination%20denotes%20the%20legal,destiny%20in%20the%20international%20order.&text=For%20instance%2C%20self%2Ddetermination%20is,right%20of%20%E2%80%9Call%20peoples.%E2%80%9D

[2] Salvatore Senese, ‘External and Internal Self-Determination’ [1989] 16(1) Social Justice <https://www.jstor.org/stable/29766439?seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents&gt; accessed 9 May 2021.
[3] Wilson, War Aims of Germany and Austria (1918).
[4] UN Charter, Art 1 (2).
[5] https://www.un.org/development/desa/indigenouspeoples/wp-content/uploads/sites/19/2018/11/UNDRIP_E_web.pdf

[6] Quane, Helen. 1998. “The United Nations and the Evolving Right to Self-Determination.” The International and Comparative Law Quarterly 47(3): 537–572.

[7] Johan D. Van der Vyer, ‘Self-Determination of the Peoples of Quebec under International Law’ [2012] 10(1) Journal of Transnational Law & Policy 38
[8] Martti Koskenniemi, ‘National Self-Determination Today: Problems of Legal Theory and Practice’ [1994] 43(2) The International and Comparative Law Quarterly <https://www.jstor.org/stable/761238&gt; accessed 10 May 2021.
[9] J Massad, ‘Against Self-Determination’ [2018] 9(2) Humanity 161-191
[10] M Evangelista, ‘Paradoxes of Violence and Self-determination’ [2015] 14(5) Formerly Global Review of Ethnopolitics <https://doi.org/10.1080/17449057.2015.1051811&gt; accessed 3 May 2021.
[11] B Ibhawoh, ‘Testing the Atlantic Charter: linking anticolonialism, self-determination and Universal Human Rights’ [2014] 18(7) International Journal of Human Rights 1-19

[12] Beardsley, Kevin, David E. Cunningham, and Peter B. White. 2015. “Resolving Civil Wars before They Start: The UN Security Council and Conflict Prevention in Self-Determination Disputes.” British Journal of Political Science 47(3): 675–697.
[13] https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/israel-gaza-latest-palestinian-happening-b1852170.html
[14] Tobias Nowak and Charis Van den berg, ‘Alternative Approaches to Self-Determination Applied to the Cyprus Conflict’ [2020] 15(5) Transboundary Legal Studies <https://research.rug.nl/nl/publications/alternative-approaches-to-self-determination-applied-to-the-cypru&gt; accessed 7 May 2021.
[15] https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-role-of-jewish-defense-organizations-in-palestine-1903-1948
[16] M Hogan, ‘The 1948 Massacre at Deir Yassin Revisited’ [2001] 63(2) The Historian <https://www.jstor.org/stable/24450239&gt; accessed 10 May 2021.

[17] https://interactive.aljazeera.com/aje/palestineremix/timeline_main.html
[18] Noura Erakat, ‘Taking the Land without the People: The 1967 Story as Told by the Law’ [2017] 47(1) Journal of Palestine Studies 18-38 
[19] Lucy Garbett, ‘I live in Sheikh Jarrah for Palestinians, this is not a ‘real estate dispute’’ (The Guardian, 17 May 2021) <https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2021/may/17/palestinians-sheikh-jarrah-jerusalem-city-identity&gt; accessed 17 May 2021.
[20] https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/04/27/threshold-crossed/israeli-authorities-and-crimes-apartheid-and-persecution
[21]Ali Abunimah, ‘Reclaiming Self-Determination’ ( Shabaka: The Palestinian Policy Network, 21 May) <https://al-shabaka.org/briefs/reclaiming-self-determination/&gt; accessed 10 May 2021.[22]https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/us-role-peace-process-perspective
[23]Noam Chomsky, On Palestine (Penguin Books 2015)

[24] https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/04/27/threshold-crossed/israeli-authorities-and-crimes-apartheid-and-persecution
[25] https://il.usembassy.gov/ten-year-memorandum-of-understanding-between-the-united-states-and-israel/
[26] https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/5/19/a-history-of-the-us-blocking-un-resolutions-against-israel
[27] https://www.un.org/depts/dhl/resguide/scact_veto_table_en.htm
[28] https://caat.org.uk/resources/countries/israel/
[29] https://www.un.org/unispal/document/auto-insert-196558/
[30] United Nations
[31] https://prc.org.uk/en/news/3213/un-votes-overwhelmingly-in-support-of-palestinian-self-determination
[32] Tomis Kapitan, “Self-Determination,” in Tomis Kapitan and Raja Halwani, The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Philosophical Essays on Self-Determination, Terrorism and the One-State Solution (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), pp. 13-71.
[33] Ibid.
[34] “The One State Declaration,” The Electronic Intifada, 29 November 2007

Related

160 Academics Urge EU to Ban “Israeli” Universities Complicit in Tel Aviv Crimes

July 23, 2021

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By Staff, Agencies

One-hundred and sixty academics from 21 countries demand that the European Union exclude all “Israeli” academic institutions complicit in the regime’s violation of international law and the rights of Palestinians from the EU’s taxpayer-funded research programs.

This is according to the official Palestinian news agency Wafa quoting a press statement issued by the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions [BDS] movement on Friday.

The academics include the past and current recipients of some of the most prestigious EU research funding programs, including the European Research Council and the Marie Sklodowska Curie Fellowship.

The “Israeli” entity’s latest round of violence, the statement said, was part of its “decades-long campaign of repression” against “Palestinians who are an occupied, stateless people under a settler-colonial and apartheid regime.”

The statement commended an existing policy of the EU which bans the allocation of research funds to “Israeli” entities located in the occupied territories.

The European Commission recently announced that research and innovation activities funded by the union must comply with ethical principles and be in conformity with international law. This, however, has not been the case on several occasions.

The EU should extend “the prohibition of European research funds to include ‘Israeli’ institutions complicit in ‘Israel’s’ violations of Palestinian human rights, regardless of where they are situated,” the statement read.

It also pointed to evidence on “the relationship between ‘Israeli’ academic institutions and the systematic state practices of settler colonialism, and the crimes of apartheid and persecution.”

There has been an “emerging consensus among some of the most prominent human rights organizations,” the statement added, and war crimes perpetrated by the “Israeli” entity are characteristic of a single regime expanding from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea.

In recent weeks, nearly 350 academic departments, programs, unions, and associations, and over 23,000 university faculties, staff, and students have endorsed statements supporting the Palestinian rights or calling for accountability measures to end complicity in the entity’s violations.

The BDS movement was initiated in 2005 by over 170 Palestinian organizations that were pushing for “various forms of boycott against ‘Israel’ until it meets its obligations under international law.”

Tens of thousands of volunteers worldwide have since then joined the movement, which calls for people and groups across the world to cut economic, cultural and academic ties to Tel Aviv, to help promote the Palestinian Cause.

Data Leak Raises New Questions over Capture of Princess Latifa

July 22, 2021

Data Leak Raises New Questions over Capture of Princess Latifa

By Staff, The Guardian

For a few days Princess Latifa had dared to think she could relax. An extraordinary plan to escape from a father she said had once ordered her “constant torture” was looking as if it might work, as she sat on a 30-metre yacht on the Indian Ocean, her home city of Dubai further and further away.

Yet the daughter of Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum, the ruler of the glittering Emirati city, still wanted to connect with home, to tell family and friends something of her new-found freedom, sending emails, WhatsApp messages and posting on Instagram from what she thought were two secure, brand new “burner” pay-as-you-go mobile phones.

It was a decision that may have had fateful consequences, according to analysis by the Pegasus project.

At the height of the escape drama, it can now be revealed, the mobile numbers for Latifa and some of her friends back home appeared on a database at the heart of the investigation.

It raises the possibility that a government client of the NSO Group was drawing up possible candidates for some sort of surveillance.

It was late February 2018, and Princess Latifa, then 32, had been desperate to flee her father’s emirate for many years. She had made a “very, very naive” first attempt in 2002, arranging to be driven across the border to neighbouring Oman, but was easily recaptured. This time she hoped it was different, but had prepared for the worst.

When planning her second escape, Latifa had prepared a video to be released online if the latest effort was foiled, explaining why she wanted to quit home. In it, Latifa described how she was beaten and tortured between 2002 and 2005, during which time she was also forcibly injected with sedatives, and once told by her captors: “Your father told us to beat you until we kill you.”

They were extraordinary claims of abuse that were accepted as truthful in a fact-finding judgment from an English judge, part of a custody battle between Sheikh Mohammed and his sixth and former wife, Princess Haya, over their two young children. Part of that continuing case turns on how Dubai’s ruler treated some of his other children, although after the fact-finding ruling, Sheikh Mohammed insisted it had only told “one side of the story”.

Alongside Latifa on the Nostromo was her best friend and confidant, a Finn with a taste for adventure, Tiina Jauhiainen. She had first met the princess at the end of 2010, when she was asked to become her fitness instructor, and had become so close that the princess asked for her help to get out of the country, in an elaborate scheme worthy of a film.

Also on board was Herve Jaubert, a former French spy, who was captaining the vessel. It was Jaubert who had devised the yacht end of the escape plan after Latifa recruited him – Jauhiainen later told a London court he was paid €350,000 – after she had come across a book he had written about escaping from Dubai, after a business deal he was involved in ran into trouble nearly a decade before.

Latifa and Jauhiainen believed their communications, via the yacht’s satellite uplink, were secure.

They had taken some precautions: Jaubert had turned the ship’s tracking device off and their phones were new, with brand new sim cards.

Latifa and Jauhiainen began their escape at 7am on 24 February from downtown Dubai. The princess’s driver had dropped her off to meet her friend for breakfast, then Latifa changed clothes in the cafe’s bathroom, where she ditched her normal mobile phone, leaving it on silent in the bathroom and went on the run.

Likening themselves to the ill-fated Thelma and Louise, the duo drove six hours to Muscat in neighboring Oman. There with the help of Christian Elombo, a former French soldier and a friend of both women, they made a difficult journey by dinghy and jetski, 13 miles out into the ocean to international waters, where Jaubert and the Nostromo were waiting.

Meanwhile, back in Dubai the hunt for the missing princess had started. A day later, on 25 February, Latifa’s phone appeared in the leaked data list, by Dubai’s doing, it is thought, although not much may have been gleaned, given that it had been left behind in the cafe.

Elombo and his friend, who were supposed to leave Oman, were picked up a day later and questioned by the authorities on behalf of the neighboring state. Realizing contact with Elombo had been lost, and becoming a little more nervous, Latifa and Jauhiainen revised their plan. They had intended to go to Sri Lanka, from where Latifa would fly to the US to claim asylum, but instead they opted to land in India.

Yet, it did not appear to matter much, because for the first four days at sea, until 28 February, there was nobody on their tail. Latifa and Jauhiainen were thrilled to have made it, although conditions were not luxurious: there was an ever-expanding number of cockroaches onboard and, apart from watching a few bad movies, there was not much to do. Inevitably they ended up spending time on their phones.

On the same day, 28 February, the numbers of some of her friends began appearing on the list that is determined to have come from Dubai.

At home, one of Latifa’s few freedoms had been skydiving; she had jumped frequently with Jauhiainen among others. But it was other members of the daredevil club whose numbers were being added to the list in the days that followed, including Juan Mayer, a photographer who regularly took pictures of the princess mid-air, which formed the basis of a short magazine feature.

The data indicates other numbers began to appear too: those of Lynda Bouchiki, an events manager, and, more significantly, Sioned Taylor, a Briton who lived in Dubai, working as a maths teacher in a girls’ school. Taylor, too had been a member of the skydiving club.

Both Bouchiki and Taylor had known Latifa from acting as chaperones prior to her flight. After she had been released from prison, the princess was never allowed out of home unsupervised; friends of the princess say that Taylor, in particular, had also become a close friend.

On the Nostromo, Jauhiainen, who spoke to the Guardian in April, remembers Latifa messaging both Taylor and Bouchiki. The latter did not reply, but she clearly remembers that the princess was chatting with Taylor while they were onboard. At one point Latifa even became suspicious, saying: “I’m not sure this is Sioned,” but the communications continued.

What that signified precisely is unclear, but what the database shows is that Taylor’s mobile phone was listed repeatedly – on 1 and 2 March and again on the day Latifa was to be captured, 4 March. Bouchiki’s number appeared again, on 2 March.

Without forensic examination of phones, it is not possible to say whether any attempt was made to infect the devices, or whether any infection attempt was successful.

But at sea, the situation had changed, ominously. Jaubert says it was on 1 March, a day after Latifa’s friends and family were first targeted that he first noticed the first ship following the Nostromo, curiously taking the same route and following at the same speed. Spotter planes followed soon after that.

It was clear they had been picked up by the Indian coastguard. The captain became increasingly nervous, also emailing a campaign group, Detained in Dubai, worrying that he might run out of fuel as he chose to head towards the Indian port city of Goa, and seeking their help. But they were never to arrive.

After 10pm on 4 March, about 30 miles offshore, in an operation authorized by the prime minister, Narendra Modi, at the request of Dubai, around 15 Indian commandos in “full military gear” stormed the yacht, firing stun grenades to incapacitate those onboard.

Latifa and Jauhiainen panicked, running below deck and locking themselves in the bathroom in a desperate attempt not to be seized. Latifa frantically rang Radha Stirling from Detained in Dubai, who said the princess was “frightened, hiding, that there were men outside and that she heard gunfire” on the emergency call.

But the two women had to give themselves up, as smoke poured in through the bathroom vents. They were captured and dragged to the deck, and according to Jauhiainen, Latifa was screaming, in English: “Shoot me here, don’t take me back” as she was dragged off, handed over to waiting Emirati forces, tranquillized and returned to Dubai.

Dubai did not respond to a request for comment. Sheikh Mohammed did not respond, although it is understood he denies having attempted to hack the phones of Latifa or her friends or associates, or ordering others to do so. He has also previously said he feared Latifa was a victim of a kidnapping and that he had conducted “a rescue mission”.

NSO denies the leaked list of numbers is that of “Pegasus targets or potential targets” and says the numbers are not related to the company in any way. Claiming that a name on the list is “is necessarily related to a Pegasus target or potential target is erroneous and false”.

Jauhiainen and Jaubert were released after a short period of detention, with the Finn relocating to London. Latifa was held under house arrest back home, and after a while managed to smuggle out fresh videos to Jauhiainen to tell more about her plight. “I’m a hostage. I am not free. I’m enslaved in this jail,” she angrily said.

But in the past three months there has been a notable change, involving two of the women Latifa tried to message from the boat. In May, Taylor posted a picture on Instagram of Latifa, sitting in a Dubai shopping mall, with her and Bouchiki, to show she was enjoying a degree of freedom at home.

Then, in June a picture followed of Latifa inside Madrid’s main airport, indicating she had been able to travel abroad. “I hope now that I can live my life in peace without further media scrutiny,” the princess said in a statement released by her lawyers, suggesting after the years of conflict some sort of accommodation with her father had been reached.

With the passage of time, it may never be possible to establish definitively how Latifa was recaptured at gunpoint.

NSO said that the fact that a number appeared on the list was in no way indicative of whether that number was selected for surveillance using Pegasus.

Legalized Apartheid: The Israeli Supreme Court Just Cemented Jewish Supremacy into Law

July 16th, 2021

By Jessica Buxbaum

Source

JERUSALEM — In November of last year, an Israeli judge invoked the controversial Jewish Nation-State Basic Law when striking down a lawsuit against the city of Karmiel over funding transportation for two Palestinian students.

In his ruling, the chief registrar of the Krayot Magistrate’s Court, Yaniv Luzon, said that establishing an Arabic-language school in Karmiel or funding transportation for Palestinian Arab students would “damage the city’s Jewish character” and may encourage Palestinian citizens of Israel to move into Jewish cities, thereby “altering the demographic balance.”

Luzon cited Section 7 of Israel’s Jewish Nation-State Law, writing:

The development and establishment of Jewish settlement is a national value enshrined in the Basic Law and is a worthy and prominent consideration in municipal decision-making, including the establishment of schools and the determination of policies relating to the funding of [school] busing [of students] from outside the city.

The students’ father, Kasem Bakri, said of the judge’s decision, “The municipality treats my sons as guests in the best of times and as enemies in the worst of times.” The family was fined 2,000 shekels (roughly $600) and ordered to pay all of the court’s expenses.

The court ruling came just before a Supreme Court hearing on 15 petitions submitted by human rights organizations and Palestinian political leaders challenging the Nation-State Law in December. After only one discussion on the law, the high court last week rejected the petitions and upheld the 2018 law in a 10 to 1 decision.  The single dissenting opinion was from the only Palestinian justice on the court, Justice George Kara.

Swift condemnation of the Supreme Court’s decision

“The Israel Supreme Court approved a law that establishes a constitutional identity, which completely excludes those who do not belong to the majority group. This Law is illegitimate and violates absolute prohibitions of international law,” Adalah – The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel wrote in a press release. Adalah, one of the law’s petitioners, deemed this piece of legislation “a law that clearly shows the Israeli regime as a colonial one, with distinct characteristics of apartheid.”

Israel: Not a Democracy. Apartheid
Activists drop a banner reading “Israel: Not a Democracy. Apartheid” from atop the Israeli military court in Jaffa, July 12, 2020. Photo | Activestills

“The Supreme Court refrained from doing what was essential — to defend the basic right to equality,” Dr. Yousef Jabareen, chair of the Human Rights Forum in the High Follow-up Committee for Arab Citizens of Israel and a former member of the Knesset, said in a statement, adding:

The so-called ‘Jewish Nation-State’ law formalizes in Israeli constitutional law the superior rights and privileges that Jewish citizens of the state enjoy over its indigenous Palestinian minority, who comprise roughly 20% of the population.”

What is the Jewish nation-state law?

In 2018, the Knesset voted to approve the nation-state law by 62 to 55. The basic law essentially legalizes Israel’s apartheid nature and states the following:

  • Exercising the right to national self-determination in the State of Israel is unique to the Jewish people.
  • The name of the state is ‘Israel.’
  • A greater, united Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.

The director of the land and planning rights unit at Adalah, Adv. Suhad Bishara, helped formulate Adalah’s petition against the nation-state law. “The overriding objective of the basic law is to violate both the right to equality and the right to dignity of the Arab citizens of Israel,” she said.

Additionally, the law promotes Jewish settlement and views it as a national value. It also demotes Arabic from one of the two official languages to a “special status.” With the nation-state law’s basic tenets, Palestinian history and identity are effectively erased from the land.

Emphasizing the law’s notion of Jewish settlement and demotion of Arabic, Amnon Be’eri-Sulitzeanu — co-director of Abraham Initiatives, an Israeli nonprofit focused on Jewish-Arab partnership — said the legislation institutionalizes inequality between Israeli Jews and Palestinian citizens of Israel. “It’s creating a situation in which, according to our basic laws, there is a sector in society that is not equal,” Be’eri-Sulitzeanu told MintPress News. “This is something that no democracy can allow.”

In a tweet, Abraham Initiatives advocated for repealing the law, writing that it “establishes the status of Arab citizens in Israel as second-class citizens.”

The nation-state law’s impact

Only a few years old, the nation-state law has already proven it can serve as a legal tool for discrimination and racial segregation.

The Bakri family in Karmiel sued the local municipality over their school transportation costs. Since there isn’t an Arabic-language school in Karmiel, the Bakri children were forced to travel nearly four miles to the town of Rameh for their education. According to the Bakris, the traffic often made the commute more than 30 minutes and cost the family 1,500 shekels (or roughly $460) each month. The family’s lawsuit requested reimbursement for their transportation costs totaling 25,000 shekels (about $7,683).

Nizar Bakri, the children’s uncle and the attorney who filed the lawsuit, condemned the magistrate court’s dismissal of the suit, saying, “The court’s decision wasn’t based on law; it was based on Jewish existence.” Following the ruling, Nizar Bakri filed an appeal with the Haifa District Court. The district court denied the Bakris’ appeal in February but determined the lower court’s reliance on the nation-state law was “fundamentally wrong” and “liable to damage the public’s trust in the courts.”

“The court may have unequivocally ruled that the registrar of the Krayot Magistrate’s Court made a mistake in the use of the nation-state law and its connection to this case, but this ruling should not satisfy the opponents and victims of the nation-state law,” Nizar Bakri told Haaretz.

For Adalah’s Bishara, the district court’s opposition to the magistrate’s court’s use of the nation-state law is irrelevant when it comes to future court decisions, as the grounds for discrimination are officially embedded into law. She explained:

It doesn’t really matter whether it’s explicitly mentioned or not because it’s the legal, constitutional framework that’s there that sets the basic principles of supremacy and of the right to self-determination only for one national ethnic group in the state. This sends a very clear message to all the authorities that you can not only go on with what you have been doing so far in terms of violating the rights of the Palestinian citizens as individuals and as a group, but this will certainly give you more backing to deepen these policies.”

Bishara told MintPress that she anticipates the legislation will add another dimension to Israel’s ongoing discrimination and have huge implications for Palestinians on both sides of the Green Line — not just 1948-occupied Palestine. “Since it speaks about the land of Israel as the historic land of the Jewish people and Jewish settlement as a constitutional value, this combination of both becomes very problematic both in Israel proper and in the Occupied Territories,” she said.

Israel’s long list of discriminatory laws

Globally, the state of Israel touts itself as the “only democracy in the Middle East,” but Dr. Jabareen said the nation-state law “prioritizes the Jewishness of the state over its democratic character,” specifically in “omitting any reference to democracy or equality.” He added:

The nation-state law further marginalizes the Arab-Palestinian community and entrenches Israel’s regime of racial discrimination and deterioration into apartheid. It will lead to more racist, anti-democratic laws, adding to the more than 50 laws already on the books that disadvantage non-Jewish citizens.”

Eyal checkpoint Israel
Palestinian workers cross the Eyal checkpoint, January 10, 2021. Keren Manor | Activestills

According to an Adalah database, Israel has more than 65 laws discriminating against Palestinian citizens of Israel and Palestinians in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT). These laws encompass nearly every facet of daily life, from property and housing rights to citizenship and finances. The following are just a few notable examples:

  • The Admissions’ Committees Law, which permits towns built on state land to deny housing to Palestinians based upon the criterion of “social suitability.”
  • The Nakba Law, which bans groups or schools receiving government funding from commemorating Israel’s 1948 ethnic cleansing campaign against Palestinians during the state’s founding (known as the Nakba or Catastrophe).
  • The Boycott Law, which prohibits calls to boycott Israel. This legislation effectively outlaws the Palestinian-led Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement.
  • The Absentees’ Property Law, which categorizes individuals who were expelled or fled their property after November 1947 as absentees and thereby having no ownership claims to their properties. However, Jews who lost property during this time are allowed to reclaim their land through the Legal and Administrative Matters Law. These laws are often used to displace Palestinian communities, as has been witnessed in the Occupied East Jerusalem neighborhoods of Sheikh Jarrah and Silwan.
  • The Law of Return, which guarantees citizenship to all Jews. No law exists guaranteeing Palestinians the right to citizenship — even if they were born in what is now considered modern-day Israel.
  • The Citizenship Law, which bans citizenship rights to Palestinians living in the OPT who are married to Israeli citizens. Settlers living in the Occupied West Bank are exempt. Israel’s new government failed to extend the law this month, but reunification still remains a significant problem for many Palestinian families.

Codifying apartheid into law

While the principles outlined in the nation-state law have always been part of Israel’s foundation and way of governing, enacting this legislation turns these de facto concepts into de jure ones and opens the floodgates for further inequity.

“This nation-state law is validating racist behavior against Palestinian Arabs,” Kasem Bakri said.

Despite the controversial legislation remaining, Kasem Bakri is steadfast. “I exist here as an Arab person and I have the right to be here,” he said. “Palestinians exist here like the cactus and the olive trees. We will never be gone from here.”

“Israel” Denies Palestinian Families Their Right to Live Together

16 Jul 2021

Source: The Washington Post

By Al Mayadeen

Human rights advocates stressed that “Israel” is turning a fundamental right — to live with one’s spouse and children — into a crime.”

The family reunification ban was enacted in 2003
The family reunification ban was enacted in 2003

Human rights activists reported that the so-called “Israel’s Citizenship Law”, which has been in effect for 18 years, has turned a fundamental right — the ability to live with one’s spouse and children — into a crime, according to a report published by “The Washington Post”.

In cases of family reunification of Palestinian citizens with relatives within occupied Palestine, as in the West Bank, Al-Quds, and Gaza, as well as in several Arab nations, the law prohibits or restricts the awarding of citizenship, residency licenses, and stay permits.

Furthermore, the same report said that advocates described the said Israeli law as discriminatory because it is only applied to Palestinians.

In the aftermath of the Palestinian uprising known as the second Intifada, the family reunification ban was enacted in 2003 as a temporary security measure. Since then, the law has been renewed every year. Israeli lawmakers recently admitted that the initiative continues to gain support, in part due to a desire to preserve Israeli settlers.

Human rights advocates say that Palestinians from Al-Quds (Occupied Jerusalem) are often among those affected by the Citizenship Law.

Furthermore, Palestinians expect that the new Israeli government — led by two supporters of the law, Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett and Foreign Minister Yair Lapid — would renew the law when it comes up for a routine vote this month.

Quick news update from the Saker (July 15th, 2021)

Quick news update from the Saker (July 15th, 2021)

July 15, 2021

Crazy times!

It turns out that the Colombian thugs which killed the President of Haiti were linked to both the DEA and the FBI.  The former agency confirmed that the killer were, indeed, part of a DEA team , but they never got the order to kill anybody.  Right.

[Sidebar for the alternatively gifted: if you are thinking “oh no!  The DEA is a respected branch of the US government, they would never do that“, I remind you that this latest assassination was in many ways very similar to the (failed) coup against Maduro (when they tried to blow him up with a drone) and the (also failed) “invasion from the sea”, again against Maduro (whom they wanted to kidnap and bring to the USA) which was also executed by thugs close to US three letter agencies.]

In the meantime, the Mayor of Miami wants the US military to bomb Cuba.  His logic?  Both Republicans and Democrats bombed sovereign nations in full illegality (no UNSC Resolution).  Does that mean that he wants Russia to bomb the USA for all the truly innumerable cases of human rights and civil right violations committed in the US?

By the way, the riots in Cuba were very limited and short lived, especially if compared to the numerous violent protests in Colombia.

It is also funny to see how Cuban rioters are freedom fighters whereas the protesters of Jan 6th are “terrorists”.

Quod licet Iovi, non licet bovi I suppose…

Putin has just authored a seminal article on the history of Russia and the Ukraine.  See here for the article itself, and for a follow-up interview here.  I won’t write a detailed reaction/analysis of this text for the two following reasons:

  • The facts listed by Putin are uncontroversial, you can find them in any decent history book.  The way the Ukronazis deal with this is to invent a totally new “history” of the Ukraine, but without contributing any facts to substantiate their imaginary reality.
  • As for Putin’s analysis and conclusions, I agree with them.

Finally, there is a lot of things going on in the Ukraine, “Ze” seems to be in real trouble as the Biden Admin seems to be preparing a “post-Ze” period.  Very interestingly, the Ukronazi strongman cum (now ex-) Minister of the Interior, Arsen Avakov, either was resigned or resigned voluntarily.  Most observers agree that the reason for this was to decouple Avakov (which the Empire still needs) from “Ze” (which is totally useless) before “Ze” sinks to the bottom of the ocean.   It is too early to pick a version, but knowing the Ukraine, the info about what just happens will definitely leak and will be made public by the Ukrainian opposition leaders and analysts (Elena Bondarenko, Anatolii Sharii, Rostislav Ishchenko, Mikhail Pogrebinskii, etc.).

Very bad news from France: Macron clearly wants to make anti-Covid vaccines mandatory, first for healthcare workers and, this fall, apparently for everybody.  Knowing the French, there will be violent resistance to this kind of freedom-crushing measures.  A military coup is also always a possibility.  The “great silent one” as the French military is often called might not remain silent, especially not after many French generals warned that France is at the edge of a major collapse.

Yesterday was the National Holiday of France and the cops beat the living crap of the many rioters which took to the streets to protest the policies of the French government.  That is “democracy” at work I suppose 🙂

In Russia, the Moscow Patriarchate, always the obedient mouthpiece for whoever happens to be sitting in the Kremlin, has gone as far as to declare that those who refuse the vaccination are committing a sin!  Here is the original article (in German) about this: https://de.rt.com/russland/120250-russisch-orthodoxe-kirche-impfverweigerer-begehen/ and here is a machine translation into English: https://translate.yandex.com/translate?lang=de-en&url=https%3A%2F%2Fde.rt.com%2Frussland%2F120250-russisch-orthodoxe-kirche-impfverweigerer-begehen%2F.

Keep in mind that Putin himself said that there would never be mandatory vaccinations in Russia, so in this case the Moscow Patriarchate tried to over-please the Kremlin a little too much and, as as result, we have this weird situation of Putin saying that each Russian can decide for himself/herself whether to take a vaccine or not, and the MP adds that “yes, you a free, but say “no” and you are sinning before God”.  Truth be told, these folks are selected for their total obedience, not for their brains…

Of course, there is absolutely NO theological excuse for such a crazy statement, none!  Keep in mind that the person who made that statement is not just some lone, crazy, bishop but the Chairman of the Department for external Church relations of the Moscow Patriarchate, Metropolitan Hilarion.  It don’t get more official than that.  Also, “Patriarch” Kirill used to occupy that function in the past (the Dep of External Relation of the Moscow Patriarchate was simply a franchise of the bad old Soviet KGB) and that is a function which only the most trusted candidates are allowed to ever reach.  You can think of the MP as a combination of Peskov and Zakharova, only dressed up in clerical vestments.

In conclusion, I have a dilemma and I would ask for your opinion: as many of you know, I have a very bad opinion of the Moscow Patriarchate (MP) and I don’t even recognize it as a legitimate part of the Russian Orthodox Church.  I could write up an article explaining it all, but I ALSO am aware that the MP is under attack by all the russophobic factions in the West and under attack by western religious sects (including the woke-home-lobby in both the US and EU).  Last, but certainly not least, there are a lot of people who simply don’t know the history of the MP and who sincerely take it to be a Russian Orthodox Church.  If I break the truth to them, they will be hurt and deeply offended.

I think my latest “cage rattling” exercise about the COVID-deniers proves that I do not shy away from writing deeply unpopular things (writing has never been a popularity contest for me, and since I have no ads and, therefore, no ad-money, I don’t have to worry about my controversial positions affecting my revenue.  But while I have no respect for the attitude, behavior and intolerance of the COVID-deniers, I have a great deal of respect for the Russian Orthodox faithful who know very little about the history of the MP and who very sincerely love their parish priest, possibly even their ruling bishop.  And I do not want to offend these “little ones” (in faith).

So what do I do?  Do I break this abscess and let all the pus out, or shall I wait for better times?

Please let me know.

I will end on a funny note: a US “diplomat” was caught on CCTV stealing a sign along a train track near the city of Tver in Russia.  It was not the FSB or the FSO which caught him, but the local police department.  The “diplomat” was quickly and quietly removed from Russia by the US Embassy.  This happened earlier this Spring, but the Russians released the video (see here) only now.  I knew that US diplomats nowadays were crap, but that kind of kleptocracy really reaches a new low 🙂  Next, the Russians will catch a US “diplomat” exhibiting himself in front of schoolchildren or eating his own feces.  Should that happen, Uncle Shmuel will blame the “KGB” (sic) for using an super dooper and super secret “energy weapon” against the coprophagic “diplomat” (especially if “diversity” in hiring continues to be the #1 criteria for the US government).

Hugs and cheers

The Saker

PS: about the US fleeing from Afghanistan, there is an interesting question which all should ask ourselves.  The question has two parts.  Part one: how many countries has the US invaded, or bombed, or overthrown or otherwise subverted since the end of WWII? and part two: to how many of those countries did the US bring freedom, democracy and progress?

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine(8 – 14 July 2021)

15  July 2021

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (8 – 14  July 2021)

8 – 14  July 2021

  • 13 Palestinians wounded, including 2 children and 1 female, in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank
  • Two IOF shootings reported at fishing boats and agricultural lands, northern Gaza Strip
  • In 126 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 72 civilians arrested, including 3 children, a woman, and a journalist
  • 45 Birzeit University students were arrested at an IOF military checkpoint in Ramallah, while returning from a visit to the demolition site of a Palestinian prisoner’s house
  • Collective punishment policy: IOF demolished the house of a Palestinian man in Israeli prison
  • Demolitions in occupied East Jerusalem:  residential building (4-floor) and sheep barn demolished by IOF, and two houses were self-demolished
  • IOF Demolitions across the West Bank: 11 barracks, 5 used for residence and the others used for commercial purposes; demolition notice served against a graveyard; a health clinic confiscated
  • Israeli settlers’ attacks in the West Bank: olive trees cut, civilians assaulted, and an electric grid damaged
  • IOF established 50 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 2 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary                                                                                        

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians, turning the West Bank into isolated blocks of land. Israeli settlement expansion on Palestinian properties and land continued.. Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip enters its 15th year under closure, exacerbating the humanitarian hardships across the territory.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

Thirteen Palestinians were wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, including two children and a female: 6 were wounded, including 1 child, in IOF attacks on a peaceful protest in Sabeih Mount, Nablus; a shepherd was wounded -and arrested afterwards- in Nablus; 5, including 1 child and a female, were wounded during an IOF incursion into Jenin refugee camp. Another Palestinian sustained critical wounds in Silwan, occupied East Jerusalem. Dozens suffocated due to tear gas inhalation, fired by IOF in its attacks in the West Bank.

In the Gaza Strip, 1OF shooting was  reported against agricultural lands, and another incident was reported against fishing boats at sea, in northern Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 126 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 72 Palestinians were arrested, including 3 children, a woman, a photographer, and a journalist.

In another blatant violations, IOF arrested 45 Birzeit University students on Wednesday, 14 July 2021, after ambushing them with a temporary military checkpoint at the entrance to Turmus Ayya village in Ramallah, while returning from a solidarity visit to Palestinian prisoner, Montaser Shalabi, house -which IOF demolished on 08 July 2021 in practice of its collective punishment policy against Palestinians. Twelve students were later released, while the others remain in IOF custody to this moment.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF arrested 3 Palestinians, including 1 child, while trying to cross the Gaza border fence in eastern Khan Younis. Two were later released, including the child.

Demolitions:

PCHR fieldworkers documented 10 violations:

Hebron: demolition notice served against a graveyard, health clinic confiscated in Yatta, two agricultural rooms destroyed and a wall in eastern Bani Naim.

Occupied East Jerusalem: 4-floor residential building destroyed in Shufat; 2 houses self-demolished in Jabel Mukaber and Silwan; sheep-barn barracks destroyed in Nabi Samuil.

Salfit: 5 commercial facilities (barracks) destroyed in Haris.

Qalqilya: cease-construction notice served against a house (under-construction) and two rooms were demolished in Azzun Atma.

Ramallah: 7 barracks (made with tin-plates) destroyed, including 5 used for residential purposes, 2 for cattle in al-Mughayer.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 3 attacks by Israeli settlers on Palestinian civilians and their properties:

Nablus: electric grid assaulted and 150 olive trees cut.

Hebron: Palestinian civilians and their lands assaulted in Yatta.

Collective punishment

As part of IOF collective punishment policy against Palestinians accused of carrying out attacks against IOF or settlers, on Thursday, 08 July 2021, IOF demolished of Montaser Ahmed ‘Ali al-Shalabi’s family house, Shalabi is a Palestinian from Ramallah imprisoned by Israel allegedly for killing a settler and wounding others in an attack earlier this year.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Israeli authorities continued to impose collective punishments against the people of the Gaza Strip by strictly tightening its closure on the Gaza Strip, which entered its 15th year, without any indication for a solution in the future, depriving the Gaza population from enjoying their economic, social, and cultural rights. This week, IOF loosened its restrictions on the movement of goods and individuals, which were enforced since the May IOF military aggression on Gaza, expanding the fishing area from 9 to 12 nautical miles, and allowed the export of agricultural and fabric goods to Israel, and the import of some raw materials and medical supplies via Karm Abu Salem crossing. IOF also announced that journalists working for international media organizations and the Palestinian Ministry of media would be allowed travel via Beit Hanoun crossing, as well as all those with appointments with foreign embassies or have medical training abroad.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the 2000 Second Intifada -still closed to this date- and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest, especially at al-Karama border crossing, alongside the Palestinian-Jordanian border.

Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity

  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 09 July 2021, a group of Palestinians gathered in central of Beita village, southeast of Nablus, and then headed towards Sabeih Mount, south of the city, where IOF established “ Avitar“ settlement outpost few weeks ago, to protest against the establishment of the outpost there. The Palestinians gathered in the western side of the mount, set fire to tires on a road leading to the mount. IOF indiscriminately opened fire at the protestors and clashed them. During which, the protestors threw stones at IOF, who continued to fire live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at the protestors. The clashes continued until 19:00 and resulted in the injury of 6 protestors, including a child. All of them were taken to Rafidia Hospital for treatment. During the clashes, IOF fired rubber bullets at an ambulance belonging to the Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS), breaking its windshield.
  • Following the Friday prayer, IOF suppressed a peaceful protest organized against settlement in Hizma village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. As a result, dozens of Palestinians suffocated due to teargas inhalation. Afterwards, dozens of Hizma villagers gathered in al-Thaghra area, where they performed the Friday prayer and then headed towards barbed wires that separate al-Thaghra area from the main street, protesting at the establishment of a settlement road in the village lands. The protestors carried Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against settlement. During which, IOF deployed in the area, surrounded the protestors and fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. As a result, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation. It should be noted that Israeli authorities built a settlement road on Hizma village lands, denying Palestinian citizens and shepherds access to their lands.
  • At approximately 21:00 on Sunday, 11 July 2021, IOF moved into Bir Ayoub neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF deployed on the neighborhood streets, closed the main street, established several military checkpoints, searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs, prevented them from entering the neighborhood, and forced them to pass through bypass roads. Afterwards, dozens of Palestinians gathered in the area, threw stones at IOF and their vehicles, and fired fireworks at them. IOF immediately assaulted the protestors, indiscriminately fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them and chased Palestinians who burned columns, where IOF’s surveillance cameras were fixed.

Accordingly, clashes erupted and continued until dawn hours. As a result, Harbi Nidal al-Rajbi (18) was shot with a live bullet in his back while getting out of his house and heading to perform ‘Isha paryer. Al-Rajbi was taken to al-Maqased Hospital in al-Tur neighborhood, east of the city, due to his serious health condition. Nidal’s father said to PCHR’s fieldworker that his son underwent to several surgeries, during which, doctors removed his kidney and part of his spleen. He added that the health condition of his son is still serious, and he receives treatment at the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Al-Rajbi pointed out that IOF raided al-Maqased Hospital looking for his son. Afterwards, the hospital administration intervened and told IOF that Harbi’s health condition is serious and he undergo to a serious surgery. It should be noted that al-Rajbi was arrested by IOF several times, last of which was 2 weeks ago as IOF raided his father shop in al-Bostan neighborhood and severely beat him along with his family members. It should be noted that Harbi suffers from diabetes.

  • At approximately 04:00 on Monday, 12 July 2021, IOF moved into Jenin refugee camp, al-Jabriyat area and Abu Duhair Moubt, adjacent to the camp, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank, where they conducted arrest campaign. During which, a group of Palestinians gathered and confronted IOF vehicles. IOF responded with live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters. As a result, 5 Palestinians, including a child and a girl, were shot with live bullets. PCHR keeps the names of those wounded.
  • At approximately 00:30 on Tuesday, 13 July 2021, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, north of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at border area, but no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:15, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, and off al-Sodaniyia Shore, west of Jabalia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian gunboats sailing within 1-5 nautical miles, opened heavy fire around them and fired flare bombs in the sky, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Wednesday, 14 July 2021, IOF stationed in “Yitzhar“ settlement, which is established on Madama village’s lands in Nablus, opened fire at a Palestinian shepherd, who was breeding his sheep in al-Rasem area. As a result, the shepherd namely Ma’moun Ameen Fayiz Nassar (47), from Madama village, was shot with a live bullet in his foot and arrested later. Ma’moun received treatment at Beilinson Hospital in Israel. 

Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 08 July 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians, including a father with his son. The arrestees are: Dawoud Ahmed Banat (48), his son Ayoub (21), Ehsan Mohammed Tafish (30), Abdullah Mahmoud Tafish (35), and Hisham Rawhi Tafish (29).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Shu’afat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Ahmed al-Hawas’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:40, IOF moved into Tell village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Emad Yousef Raihan’s (54) house, a former candidate on “Jerusalem is our destiny” electoral list of 2021 and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed in Juneid area. They raided and searched Yehya Mohammed Qawasmah’s (39) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Abdul-Salam Ayyad’s (49) house, a member of Abu Dis municipality, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:10, IOF moved into Thinnaba village in Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Eman Khalil ‘Amarnah (52), and her son, Mohammed Belal ‘Amarnah (31).
  • At approximately 03:05, IOF moved into Beita village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Rani Hashem Dweikat’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Khaled Isma’el Abu Ghannam’s (46) house and arrested him. IOF left a summons to his son, Emad (16), to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • Around the same time, IOF arrested Ahmed Yousef Bader (31), an employee in the Palestinian customs police, from Abu Dis, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, while passing through a temporary military checkpoint established near “Ma’ale Adumim” settlement, east of the city.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Ibrahim Sami Mutair (29), from his shop near Qalandiya refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF arrested Khaled al-Zeir (46), from Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, while present on al-Jesir street in Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.
  • At approximately 21:00, a group of Mista’arvim, (Israeli Special Unit dressed like Palestinian civilians), sneaked into Birzeit, north of Ramallah, and stationed at the Old City’s crossroad. They stopped a gray vehicle and arrested the driver, Abdul Rahman Husain al-Jalies (35), and Fares Ahmed Zumra (33), while back home in Jalazone refugee camp, north of the city.
  • IOF carried out (8) incursions in Jalamah and Beit Kad, northeast of Jenin; Deir Sharaf and Beit Iba, west of Nablus; Badhan, north of Nablus; Sarra, Awarta and Usarin, southeast of Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 09 July 2021:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Sa’ir village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched 2 houses and arrested Nassar Eissa Jabarin (40), and his brother, Ayyoub (37).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Bassam Hamed Qufeisha’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate and stationed in Ruq’a area. They raided and searched Isma’el Abdul Hadi Makhamera’s (42) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into Bab Huta neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Sufian Omar al-‘Ajlouni’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF arrested Naser Mohammed Nawaj’a (38), a field researcher at the Israeli Information Centre for Human Rights in the oPt, from Susya village, south of Yatta, after stopping him while returning to the village. IOF released him later.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF arrested three civilians while present in the Aqsa Mosque’s yards in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, after finishing the Friday Prayers, and took them to one of the detention centers in the city. The arrestees are: Ahmed Yasine Kmail (28), from Qabatiya in Jenin governorate; Baker Awni Barri (26), from Immatain in Qalqilya governorate; and Yousef Shehada Khalil (26), from Nur Shams refugee camp in Tulkarm governorate.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Sameer Mohammed Shahin (39), from Hebron, after stopping his vehicle on a temporary military checkpoint established at the entrance of Samu village, south of Hebron.

Saturday, 10 July 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Sameer Mohammed Shahin’s (39), house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Karkafe area in Bethlehem. They raided and searched Hamza Da’dara’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF arrested (3) civilians including a child, while attempting to sneak through the border fence in Khan Yunis. The arrestees are: Qusai Hasan Abu Selmi (17), from Abasan al-Kabeera; Mohammed Ramadan al-Derdisi (20) and ‘Ahed Ahmed Abu Shehada (19), both from Bani Suheila. IOF released Selmi through Erez crossing on the next day morning, and kept al-Derdisi and Abu Shehada under arrest.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Kaubar and Kafr Malik in Ramallah; Beit Ummar, Bayt Kahil, Beit Mirsim and Hadab villages. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 11 July 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Ras al-Amud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mohammed al-Salaima (23) and Mohammed al-Tweity (21) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Khaled Omar Rweidy’s (12) house and arrested him.

Monday, 12 July 2021:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Idhna village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed Abdul Rasoul Bashir’s (44) house, but no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qabatia, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Hussain Amin Samadi (35), and Adham Khaled Abu Aisha (18).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Beita, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Issam Ghassan Hamayil’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Jenin refugee camp, Jabriyat area and Jabal Abu Thhair adjacent to the refugee camp, west of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mo’tasem Omar Steity (37), from Jenin refugee camp, Omar Bayan Abed (28) and his brother, Osaid (20), from Jenin. Meanwhile, IOF opened fire at the protestors who protested against storming their village. As a result, 5 civilians; including a child and a girl, were injured. For more details check “Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity” in this report.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF summonsed Mazen al-Jabari, Director of the Arab Studies Society’s Youth Development Institute, from interrogation in al-Maskobiya police center in West Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ra’fat Tareq al-Isawiya’s (50) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Ra’fat was arrested on the same day of his daughter’s engagement party, and a day before releasing his brother, Medhat, who spent over than 27 years in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Zeid Anwar Rabay’a (26), from Ubeidiya village, east of Bethlehem, while present near Bab al-Amud area in the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Hebron, Dura and ‘Aroub refugee camp in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 13 July 2021:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses, arrested (3) civilians and took them to unknown destinations. The arrestees are: Ahmed Khaled Taqatqa (22), Eyad Nader Taqatqa (20) and Mohammed Akram Taqatqa (26).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Sur Baher village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mo’tasem Emad ‘Atwan (20) and Mousa Zeyad ‘Atwan (21), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into al-Tabqa village, south of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Hani Mohammed Amro’s (37) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Aqraba village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Hammam Waleed Bani Fadel’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:40, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Belal Saleem Salhab’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Mahmoud Hasan Salah (32), while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Ra’ed Hazem al-Sayyad (16) and Na’eem Ibrahim Abu al-Hawa (16) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Bidu village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. they raided and searched Ayyoub Mohammed al-Khadour’s (29) house, arrested him and confiscated his vehicle.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Halhul and Surif villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 14 July 2021:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Ram village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yazan Ahmed Shawabka’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians, including a photojournalist. The arrestees are: the photojournalist Khaled Adnan al-Zebda (30), Hamada Abdullah Badawi (27), Ahmed Mohammed Owda (26), and his brother, Ra’d (28).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beita village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (11) civilians, including a child and 2 siblings. The arrestees are: Adham Sameer al-Shorafa (24), Yousef Mohammed al-Shorafa (28), Hamad Taleb Ma’ali (23), Yousef ‘Ahed Hamayil (26), Rashed Hasan Qawariq (21) and his brother, Ramiz (20), Omar Dawoud Borhom (21), Bayan Abdul Jalil Borhom (21), Emad Faleh Dawoud (31), Qassam Zahi ‘Adili (17), and Na’eem Taleb Dweikat (22).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Teqoa, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Abdullah Adel al-‘Ammour’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:30, IOF raided Turmus Ayya village, northeastern Ramallah, and stationed near the village’s main entrance. IOF soldiers deployed in the agricultural fields near the village entrance and established a temporary military checkpoint. The soldiers stopped a Mercedes bus, property of al-Tamimi company- that carried Birzeit University students on their way back from a solidarity visit to Montasser Shalabi’s family, whose house was demolished b y IOF on 8 July 2021. Shalabi is imprisoned by Israeli allegedly for killing a settler and wounding 2 others in an attack at Zatara checkpoint in southern Nablus.

The soldiers arrested the entire group, 45 students, and took them along. At approximately 23:00, IOF released 12 students while the others remained in custody.

Note: A group of the arrestees’ names is available at PCHR.

  • IOF carried out 2 incursions in Dura and Sa’ir villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolitions, Confiscations, and Notices

  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 08 July 2021, IOF backed by a military vehicle and accompanied with an Israeli Civil Administration vehicle moved into al-Deirat village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron.  The Israeli administration officer handed a notice (final decision) to demolish a cemetery, which the villagers are building in the area.  The cemetery includes a number of graves built of concrete, and on 18 April 2021, IOF handed the villagers a notice to stop the construction works and then confiscated 2 excavators in an agricultural land in the same village under the pretext of working in Area C.
  • At the same time, IOF handed Nasser Abu Khudeir a notice to vacate his house as the Israeli municipality intends to demolish the 4-storey residential building he lives in in Shuafat neighborhood, north of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, within 14 days. The building houses 10 families of 55 individuals.

Abu Khudeir said that an Israeli intelligence officer called him to vacate his house as the municipality intends to carry out the demolition within 14 days.  Abu Khudeir said that the building was established by a number of civilians on a plot of land to the west of the Shuafat structural plan.  The plot of land is planned for construction but located in an unorganized zone.  Abu Khudeir added that the Israeli municipality stopped the construction at the time and imposed a high fine of more than USD 200,000, and in 2005, it issued a decision to demolish the residential building.  During the hearings, the demolition decision was replaced with a decision to close completely all the building’s outlets with bricks.  It should be noted that Ramat Shlomo settlement is only 200 meters away from the building that was established on lands confiscated from Shuafat neighborhood.  Abu Khudeir highlighted that the settlement’s setters raised the building issue at the Israeli municipality, followed up the case of its demolition and then sought for its closure.

‘Ezzatt Ghaith, one of the apartments’ owners in the building under the threat of demolition, said that the building houses 10 different Palestinian families, who prepared their apartments again after 2015 when the owners obtained the decision to lift the closure.  Ghaith added that all the apartments’ owners worked hard to get the building license and did all the necessary legal proceedings.  Thus, the Israeli municipality lately allowed them to submit a request to the Israeli Tabu in order to obtain a building license. The municipality also allowed them to add a floor and a half to the building.  Ghaith said that they were all surprised with the demolition decision as the licensing procedures were going perfectly fine, emphasizing that the Israeli municipality’s decision to demolish the building is part of its collective punishment policy as Naser Abu Khudeir who lives in the building is wanted by the Israeli municipality and intelligence.

  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 12 July 2021, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers and a mounted-crane truck moved into Um Qussa area, east of Yatta city, south of Hebron. IOF deployed around a school and confiscated a tin-plate room (10 sqm) used a clinic, under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • Around the same time, Israeli bulldozers demolished 5 barracks in western Haris village in Salfit, under the pretext of being in Area C. The barracks, which is located on the bypass road (Samaria), belong to Fadi Hasan Saleh Suliman. These tin-plate barracks used as a vegetable shop, an auto repair workshop, a workshop for selling aluminum, a blacksmith workshop, and a carpentry workshop. Fadi Suliman said that this is the fifth time that IOF demolished his barracks, and in each time, he rebuilt them. He added that IOF demolished the barracks over its contents, which caused heavy loses.
  • At approximately 11:30, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers and 2 diggers moved into Wadi al-Joz area, east of Bani Na’im village in eastern Hebron. IOF deployed in the area while the diggers demolished the following facilities:
1.  A 30-sqaure-meter agricultural room built of bricks and tin plates, a water well of 150 cubic metres, and a 100-meter-high cement wall belonging to Nader ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Mahmoud ‘Odah.
2.  A 100-meter-high concrete wall belonging to ‘Azzam ‘Abdul ‘Aziz ‘Odah.
3. A 30-sqaure-meter agricultural room built of bricks and tin plates, a 1.5- square-meter bathroom built of tin plates, and a 100-meter-high concrete wall belonging to ‘Abed al-Salam ‘Azzam al-Qimiri.
  • On Monday, Jamal ‘Ajaj implemented the Israeli Municiplaity order and self-demolished his house in al-Sal’ah neighborhood in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Ajaj said that his 4-story under-construction house ( 110 sqm) was built 3 months ago to live in it with his wife. The house was comprised of 3 rooms, a bathroom and a kitchen. ‘Ajaj clarified that a month ago, the Israeli municipality delivered him an administrative demolition notice, and yesterday evening, he received a phone call from the Israeli police, which gave him 24 hours to implement the demolition or he will be fined NIS 100,000 if the  municipality crews will do so.
  • At approximately 23:00, Mohammed Nassar al-Hussani implemented the Israeli municipality order and self-demolished his house in Wad Qaddoum neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Al-Hussani said that his 124-sqaure-meter house sheltered his family comprised of 7 persons, including 2 children, his father and mother, and his sister. He clarified that his house was built in 2013 and since that time, IOF file lawsuits against him in the Israeli courts and impose fines on him. In 2019, IOF imposed a fine of NIS 40,000 on him. He added that despite all attempts to licsene his house through lawyers and engineers, in January 2021, the Israeli court refused to delay the demolition and issued a decision to implement it. Al-Hussani pointed out that the Israeli police phoned him and told him to self-demolish his house or it will impose a fine of NIS 200,000 on him as a demolition costs. Accordingly, he vacated his house contents and rented a bulldozer to implement the demolition.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 13 July 2021, IOF handed 3 civilians from Azun Atme village, south of Qalqilya, decisions; one to cease-construction of a house which is under-construction belonging to Mohammed Isma’el Younis, and the two others notices to demolish 2 agriculture rooms belonging to Mohammed Ibrahim Younis and Ahmed Abdul Fattah Younis.
  • At approximately 07:00 on Wednesday, 14 July 2021, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles along with 2 vehicles belonging to the Israeli Construction and Organization Department in the (Civil Administration), a bulldozer, truck and a digger moved into Qaboun Complex area, east of Mughayir village, northeast of Ramallah. They demolished 7 barracks (2 used for cattle, and 5 for residence). Furthermore, IOF brought Israeli workers who confiscated 3 tents and a tractor. Following are the details of the damaged priorities:
NameFamily membersChildrenCattlesConfiscated facilitiesnotes
Atallah Hamed Hamed8350· 2 (70 sqm) barracks·        (90 sqm) cattle tent·        Water tank·        6 cattle feeders·        Tractor No prior notices received
Abdullah Jaber Hamed7470·        (60 sqm) residence barrack·        (60 sqm) cattle barackNo prior notices received
Abdul Raheem Atallah al-Qabouni12590·        2 (70 sqm) residential barracks·        (90 sqm)  cattle tentNo prior notices received
Abdullah Hassan al-Qabouni103·        (70 sqm) residential barrack·        (50 sqm) residential tentNo prior notices received
  • At approximately 09 on Wednesday, 14 July 2021, Israeli bulldozers demolished a barrack for cattle belonging to Ibrahim Obaid, in al-Nabi Samuil village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem, and ordered to demolish 2 barracks under the pretext of non-licensing.

Ibrahim Obaid stated that he was surprised when IOF stormed the area and demolished his cattle barrack, noting that demolishing his (26 sqm) barrack will cause him many losses and troubles. It should be noted that IOF handed Mohammed Ayed and Za’al Abu Dahouk 2 notices to demolish their barracks.

Settler attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property

  • On Sunday morning, 11 July 2021, a group of settlers from “Ahya” settlement established on Jalud village’s eastern lands, southeast of Nablus, assaulted the electricity network in Kherbet Sarah in the southeastern area of the village, damaged the network lines and cut the network’s poles.
  • At approximately 10:00, a group of settlers of “Ma’on” settlement east of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate, threw stones at Palestinian shepherds while present in their pastures near the abovementioned settlement, and forced them to leave their lands. Meanwhile, IOF came and did not prevent the settlers from throwing stones and attacking the Palestinian shepherds.
  • On Wednesday, 14 July 2021, a group of settlers launched from “Yitzhar” settlement established on lands southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank, attacked Palestinian agricultural lands in Jabal Salman, eastern side of Burin village. As a result, the Israeli settlers cut 150 olive trees aged between 60-70 using hand and automatic saws and stones, belonging to Mohammed Mustafa Zebin, from Nablus.

Collective punishment:

As part of IOF collective punishment policy against Palestinians accused of carrying out attacks against IOF or settlers, on Thursday, 08 July 2021, IOF demolished the family house of a prisoner  from Ramallah at the Israeli prisons after accusing him of killing a settler and wounding others.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 00:00 on Thursday, IOF backed by dozens of military vehicles moved into Turmus Ayya village, northeast of Ramallah.  They stepped out of the military vehicles and deployed between houses, where 30 soldiers topped the roofs.  Meanwhile, large number of Israeli forces raided the family house of Montaser Ahmed ‘Ali al-Shalabi (44), who has been arrested since 06 June 2021 to carry out the demolition decision, which the family was informed of following IOF’s claims  that the prisoner killed a settler and wounded 2 others at Za’atarah checkpoint, south of Nablus.

IOF forced the neighbors of Shalabi’s house to vacate their houses.  Meanwhile, IOF surrounded another house belonging to the family of the prisoner’s wife, Sanaa’ Hamdi al-Shalabi, who said to PCHR’s fieldworker that she moved to her family house with her 3 children, Sarah, Mohammed and Ahmed, after she received a call from her lawyer on 30 June 2021 informing her of the decision to demolish the house.  After IOF surrounded her family house, she tried to get out and be near her house, but IOF prevented her.  Therefore, she went back to her family house and via the live video on Turmus Ayya page and from her family house window, she watched IOF surrounding her house in the eastern neighborhood near Turmus Ayya School and planting explosives in the walls.  At 06:15, they exploded the house from the inside but part of a floor was still there, so the soldiers again planted explosives in the land under the first floor.  At 08:30, the house was completely blown up and IOF withdrew from the village,

Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip:

The Israeli authorities continued to impose collective punishments against the people of the Gaza Strip, including tightened restrictions on imports and exports, causing a serious deterioration in Palestinians’ enjoyment of their economic and cultural rights.

The Gaza Strip still suffers under the Israeli-imposed closure, which entered its 15th year recently, with extreme restrictions on the movement of goods and individuals, exacerbating the continued deterioration of humanitarian conditions and causing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. For further information, please see PCHR State of the Border Crossing monthly update, and PCHR reports on the closure.

On Monday, 12 July 2021 IOF announced that it would be easing some its restrictions after a few days of calm, including expanding the fishing area from 9 to 12 nautical miles. Also according to the announcement, IOF would allow the import of fishing materials, raw material for production and manufacturing, from Israel to the Gaza Strip via Karm Abu Salem; export of agricultural produce and fabric will be allowed from Gaza to Israel. Additionally, there are facilitations on the movement of individuals via Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossing, namely journalists, medical personnel, and certain humanitarian cases like couples who do not live in the same area will be allowed to travel to and from the Gaza Strip.

The West Bank:

In addition to 108 permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of 50 temporary checkpoints that restrict the movement of goods and individuals, where IOF searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints. IOF reinforced its restrictions on civilians’ freedom of movement at its permanent checkpoints in the West Bank and shut some checkpoints for several hours on multiple occasions.

Hereafter is PCHR documentation of restrictions on the freedom of movement and IOF-established temporary checkpoints across the West Bank this week:

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 08 July 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Biddu village, northwest of the city.
  • On Friday, 09 July 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Bir Ayoub neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.
  • On Tuesday, 13 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Wadi Helwa and ‘Ein al-Louz neighborhoods in Silwan village, at the entrance to al-Thawri neighborhood, and at the entrance to Hizma village, northeast of the city.
  • On Wednesday, 14 July 2021, IOF closed Kalandia military checkpoint after carrying out a shooting attack by unknown person at the checkpoint. IOF chased the person and arrested him. The checkpoint was later opened. Also, IOF established a checkpoint at Biddu village’s tunnel, northwest of the city.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 08 July 2021, IOF established 2checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village and at the entrance to Wadi Fukin village, west of the city.
  • On Friday, 09 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village and at the northern entrance to Nahalin village, west of the city.
  • On Saturday, 10 July 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Tuqu village, and at the northern entrance to Nahalin village, west of the city.
  • On Sunday, 11 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Tuqu village.
  • On Monday, 12 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village and near al-Nashash intersection, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 13 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, at the entrance to Wadi Fukin village, at the intersection of Fureidis village, east of the city.
  • On Wednesday, 14 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village and at the western entrance to Husan village, west of the city.

Nablus:

  • On Sunday, 11 July 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrances to Beita village.
  • On Tuesday, 13 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints between Urif and Asira al-Qibliya villages, and in al-Moraba’a area near the entrance to Tell village, southeast of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Thursday, 08 July 2021, IOF established a checkpoint on Jenin-Hifa Street, west of Jenin.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 08 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Hebron, and at the entrances to Idhna, Bani Na’im and as-Samu villages.
  • On Friday, 09 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Hebron and at the entrance to Beit Ummar village.
  • On Saturday, 10 July 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Surif and as-Samu villages and on Wadi al-Joz road.
  • On Sunday, 11 July 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Halhul City and at the western entrance to Hebron.
  • On Monday, 12 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at at the entrances to Idhna, ad-Dhahiriya and as-Samu villages, and at the entrance to Fawwar refugee camp.
  • On Wednesday, 14 July 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Khasa and Beit Awwa villages, and at the northern entrance to Yatta city.

Salfit:

  • On Monday, 12 July 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Istiya, Deir Ballut and Kafr ad-Dik villages, and at the entrance to Salfit.

Khalida Jarrar Deprived of Bidding Her Own Daughter Farewell

12/07/2021

By Al-Mayadeen

Israeli occupation forces refuse the appeal to release Palestinian prisoner Khalida Jarrar to attend the funeral of her beloved daughter, Suha, tomorrow, and activists carry out a vigil in front of the “Ofer” military prison demanding her release.

Visual search query image
Khalida Jarrar; one of the most prominent Palestinian political and societal figures

Al Mayadeen reporter said that the Israeli occupation forces refused, on Monday, the request to release prisoner Khalida Jarrar to enable her to attend the funeral of her own daughter, Suha, tomorrow.

Earlier today, tens of activists carried out a vigil in front of “Ofer” Prison, west of Ramallah, demanding the immediate release of Khalida Jarrar, where they shouted slogans demanding her freedom and denouncing the occupation. 

وقفة أمام سجن “عوفر” غرب رام الله للمطالبة بالإفراج عن النائب خالدة جرار لتتمكن من تشييع جثمان ابنتها التي توفيت مساء أمس. pic.twitter.com/OmP0PVfRQr— معتز أبوريدة_غزة 𓂆 🇵🇸 (@Abuabraa2110198) July 12, 2021

A campaign was launched to free the imprisoned Palestinian revolutionary Jarrar, and the invitation to it included, “Instead of surrendering to the idea that the revolutionary leader and former Palestinian legislative council member Khalida Jarrar will be denied the right to bury her daughter Suha…. let us work locally and internationally to exert enough pressure on the administration of the occupation forces prisons to have her released in the nearest time possible so that she can bid her daughter farewell, and thus practice her most fundamental human right.”

Activists on social media launched a massive interactive #freeKhalidaJarrar campaign to form enough pressure on the occupation to release the revolutionary Jarrar, who was arrested two years ago and still has almost two months left for her release. 

في آذار الفائت أجريت مقابلة مع زوج خالدة جرار قال إن ما يؤلمها أكثر من الاعتقال خوفها فقدان والدتها،كما حصل خلال اعتقالها السابق حين توفى والدها ولم تتمكن من وداعه.
اليوم تواجه ما هو أكبر من كل مخاوفها إلا تتمكن من وداع طفلتها الوداع الأخير#الحرية_لخالدة_جرار #freeKhalidaJarrar— Aziza J Nofal (@azizanofal) July 12, 2021

حين توفيت جدتي و عمي خلف القضبان
كان إبلاغه و إيصال الخبر له من أصعب الأمور
وبعد إبلاغه أخبرونا رفاقه بردة فعله التي لا تكفي الكلمات لوصفها ،وبعد جهد كبير تمكن
من أخذ ” تصريح وداع ” ليودعها الوداع الأخير
حيث كانت ترقد في المستشفى ،دون ابلاغنا
جاء مكبلًا بيداه و قدماه

-يتبع— hamzehsalameh (@hamzehsalameh99) July 12, 2021

The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine mourned “comrade Suha Jarrar, daughter of imprisoned comrade Khalida Jarrar and revolutionary comrade Ghassan Jarrar,” and launched a local and international campaign to release Khalida Jarrar from the Israeli occupation prisons so that she can attend her daughter’s funeral and bid her farewell.

The Palestinian police announced that they found Suha Jarrar’s body near the Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah. Later on, the Jarrar family announced the death of Suha, indicating that it was of ‘natural’ causes, adding that she was already suffering from diseases.

The family’s statement said that “the initial report” shows that “the cause of death was a severe heart attack, knowing that she was already suffering from some diseases and minor symptoms.”

Khalida Jarrar is one of the most prominent Palestinian political and societal figures. She was renowned for her political, national, and feminist activism and was arrested several times on this basis; the last of which was at the end of 2019.

She is also one of the prominent leaders in the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and was elected as a member of the former Palestinian Legislative Council. During her last detention period, Jarrar was subjected to psychological torture and was deprived of family visits under the pretext of COVID-19. Her family was able to visit her only 3 times during the past one year and four months.   

Undermining Political Rights in Bahrain: A Prolonged Systematic Brutality

12/07/2021

Undermining Political Rights in Bahrain: A Prolonged Systematic Brutality

By Sondoss al-Asaad

Ten years since the onset of the 2011 popular uprising, Manama’s regime has decided to terminate the political action in the country after dissolving all political societies and liquidating their funds on flimsy pretexts, which has been confirmed by Amnesty International in its report, “No one can protect you.”

The report along others highlights the dismantling of political activism in Bahrain by targeting the leaders and members of political societies due to their national stances against corruption, monopoly, brutality and the culture of impunity.

This campaign has been led by the Minister of Justice, Islamic Affairs and Endowments, Khalid bin Ali Al Khalifa, a member of the ruling family and whose personal relation with the peaceful opposition is only characterized by animosity and hostility.

Undermining political action is indeed an arbitrary approach that the authorities insist on following against the opposition, for nothing but to consolidate absolute rule.

This approach has been followed with all opposition political societies, starting with the Islamic Action Society [Amal] and then the top opposition bloc Al-Wefaq National Islamic Society, all the way to the secular National Democratic Action Society [Waad], which was dissolved on May 31, 2017.

The dissolution of Al-Wefaq and the liquidation of its funds came on the basis of malicious allegations, including: Providing an incubating environment for terrorism and extremism; Calling for external intervention in internal national affairs; Inciting violence and encouraging mass rallies and sit-ins; organizing activities that cause strife in the country; Criticizing the performance of the authorities, etc.

Targeting Al-Wefaq continued with the arbitrary detention of Sheikh Ali Salman, the top opposition leader, with the aim of silencing and framing all political associations, and instead formulating sham associations to whiten the face of the regime before the international community.

Definitely, Bahrain’s judiciary is non independent and human rights organizations have frequently described as unjust and subservient to the authority.

This confirms the regime’s public and comprehensive prosecution of all the citizens, turning Bahrain into a big prison in light of the firm popular conviction that Al-Wefaq is not just a political association, but rather a natural organization that reflects the people’s aspirations, due to the broad segment it represents.

Thus, there is no solution in Bahrain without a comprehensive political solution and a genuine political partnership, which guarantee the building of a state of institutions and law, the achievement of justice and development within the framework of a constitutional monarchy similar to the modern kingdoms.

Manama regime must come out of the crucible of exclusivity of public opinion and must engage people in the political process, and thus be able to see the broad horizon of a policy solution that will be reflected in all aspects of life in Bahrain because the marginalization of constitutional institutions has done a great deal of damage to the local economy.

Likewise, the security mentality, the suppression and marginalization of elites, and the importation of an alternative people has impeded human development in the country.

UN Urges Immediate Halt to “Israeli” Demolitions of Palestinian Homes

10/07/2021

UN Urges Immediate Halt to “Israeli” Demolitions of Palestinian Homes

By Staff, Agencies

The illegal demolition of the Palestinian Bedouin community of Humsa al-Baqai’a in the Jordan Valley by “Israeli” forces “raises serious risk of forcible transfer,” the UN warned, calling on Tel Aviv to immediately halt such measures.

“Attempts to force this or any other community to relocate to an alternative location raise a serious risk of forcible transfer. While the ‘Israeli’ authorities have tried to justify this citing their domestic designation of this area for military training, such measures by an occupying power are illegal under international law,” the Humanitarian Coordinator for the occupied Palestinian territory, Lynn Hastings, said in a statement on Friday.

He described the “Israeli” entity’s demolition of Humsa al-Baqai’a and confiscation of properties in the Palestinian community of Humsa al-Baqai’a in the northern West Bank as “disturbing”.

He urged the “Israeli” occupation forces to “immediately halt all further demolitions of Palestinian homes and possessions, allow the humanitarian community to provide shelter, food and water to this most vulnerable community and let these people rebuild their homes in their current location and stay there in safety and dignity.”

The UN official noted that “Israeli” forces blocked access of humanitarian personnel to the families throughout the demolished village.

Hastings said, “When they managed to access the community after the demolition, they found tents, food, water tanks and fodder had all been destroyed or confiscated, leaving people – including children – out in the open, in summer heat, with virtually no basic provisions; even milk, diapers, clothes and toys had been taken.”

According to assessments, he added “six families of 42 people, including 24 children have lost their homes, for the sixth time this year. Thirty-eight structures were demolished or confiscated, most alarmingly, water tanks.”

The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs [OCHA] said in a statement that the so-called “Israeli” Civil Administration [ICA] has confiscated food consignments and detached structures, leaving the residents with no food and water following the demolitions.

The demolitions have also left the villagers with no baby milk powders, clothes as well as personal hygiene products. They also have no fodder and water for their livestock.

Palestinian homes in the Jordan Valley are subjected to demolitions by “Israeli” authorities who claim they lack building permits, despite the fact that the Tel Aviv regime does not provide such permits to Palestinians.

Moreover, the “Israeli” entity orders Palestinians to demolish their own homes or pay the demolition price to the municipality if they refuse to tear down their houses. Palestinians as well as the international community consider “Israeli” demolition politics in the occupied territories illegal.

A United Nations’ human rights investigator on Friday denounced “Israeli” settlements in the West Bank as a “war crime” and warned that Tel Aviv’s “illegal occupation” cannot be cost-free.

Michael Lynk, UN special rapporteur on human rights in the occupied Palestinian territories, was addressing a session of the world body’s Human Rights Council in Geneva.

“I conclude that the ‘Israeli’ settlements do amount to a war crime,” Lynk said.

“I submit to you that this finding compels the international community…to make it clear to ‘Israel’ that its illegal occupation, and its defiance of international law and international opinion, can and will no longer be cost-free,” the UN official added.

In its bi-weekly report on “Israeli” violations on July 2, the OCHA said Israeli forces had either demolished or seized two dozen Palestinian-owned structures in the occupied territories of the West Bank and al-Quds [Jerusalem] in a span of two weeks.

It added that the demolitions were carried out between March 15 and March 28 this year under the pretext that they lacked the necessary construction permits.

Throughout the years, the entity has frequently demolished Palestinian homes, claiming that the structures have been built without permits, which are nearly impossible to obtain.

Saudi Arabia: Why Biden will leave Mohammed bin Salman in charge

Madawi al-Rasheed

2 July 2021 11:43 UTC 

Despite Biden’s rhetoric, American national interests are allied with those of the authoritarian crown prince in Riyadh

US President Joe Biden and Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (AFP)

In the Middle East in general, and Saudi Arabia in particular, many activists and human right defenders hoped that newly elected US President Joe Biden would turn the page on the Trump era, when rulers in the region had carte blanche to continue their authoritarian practices and repressive measures.

Many hoped that Biden would exert pressure on the US’s most loyal Arab dictators to reverse the tide and respond to calls for democracy, ensure freedom of speech, and halt mass executions. 

It is unlikely that Biden will encourage his removal from office or openly challenge his abuse of human rights domestically

But in Riyadh, among other places, such unrealistic wishful thinking is beginning to be dashed. Realpolitik is settling in, to the demise of Washington’s reputation and its endless rhetoric about promoting democracy. 

American myths about the country’s own historical position as the leader of the free world, promoter of democratic values and protector of individual rights are always exposed in the Arab world at the hands of none other than its most loyal man in Riyadh. Indeed, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman continues his campaign of detentionsexecutions and surveillance, unchecked by Washington.

Biden slightly embarrassed the crown prince when his intelligence services published a four-page report that held the Saudi ruler responsible for the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, and placed several suspects on a list of sanctioned operatives. The crown prince himself was untouched by these superficial measures.

Loyal prince

Today, Biden and his advisers remain silent on the future of the Saudi crown prince. But American media and think tanks have been promoting his nemesis, former crown prince Mohammed bin Nayef, who has been placed under house arrest and allegedly suffered ill treatment. Ex-CIA officials want their partner in the war on terror back in the driving seat in Riyadh. 

How can Washington ignore its loyal prince, who allegedly helped save the lives of Americans as he shared intelligence with US security services, they ask. In this view, it’s an American betrayal of bin Nayef, who provided valuable information that helped to foil terrorist attacks on US soil.

Once the darling of the CIA, bin Nayef is now helpless without the US pushing for his release, let alone his rehabilitation, as its man in Riyadh. This sounds like a familiar story: use the man in Riyadh, then dump him when he faces his fate at the hands of his kinsmen.

Mohammed bin Nayef has been promoted by some as an alternative Saudi leader (AFP)
Mohammed bin Nayef has been promoted by some as an alternative Saudi leader (AFP)

In fact, Biden should resist calls to bring back the deposed prince, who never stopped using violence against peaceful activists and put them on trial in the terrorism courts that he established. Mohammed bin Nayef used the pretext of the war on terror to spread fear and torture. His most famous victims included founders of the Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association – activists such as Abdullah al-Hamid, who died in prison, and Sulaiman al-Rashoudi. Activist Waleed Abu al-Khair remains in prison, alongside many others. 

Many of the men and women Mohammed bin Nayef put in prison have been subjected to solitary confinement. Perhaps the arrest of the former crown prince by the current crown prince fulfilled the hopes of those who suffered at his hands for years – but unfortunately, they had no power to arrest him, put him on trial or seek justice. 

Perverse revenge

In his own way, Mohammed bin Salman is punishing the deposed prince, but for different reasons. When the mafia fights its own battles within its own rank-and-file, the weakened society may achieve some perverse sense of revenge that is momentary and emotional. 

But both Mohammed bin Nayef and his empowered cousin, the crown prince, need to be put on trial for crimes against their own citizens. US intelligence services obviously want the devil they know, but many Saudis want justice for their lost sons and tortured relatives, who either linger in prison or have already been executed. Many of their corpses have yet to be returned to their relatives for proper burial. Biden must end Trump’s alliance with Mohammed bin Salman

Many of Mohammed bin Nayef’s old cronies and right-hand men are not only free, but have the gall to protest – among them Saad al-Jabri, who escaped to Canada and is now facing a court case for allegedly stealing billions of dollars when he was in charge of purchasing anti-terrorism and surveillance technology. The court case may shed new light on how the opaque and corrupt interior ministry conducted its affairs and plundered billions under the pretext of fighting terrorism. 

The day will come when the prosecutor, Mohammed bin Salman, will himself face a similar fate for his crimes against activists and dissidents. For now, the Biden administration remains silent on the crown prince’s present and future. It is unlikely that Biden will encourage his removal from office or openly challenge his abuse of human rights domestically. 

So far, Biden has a better record on pushing the crown prince to temper his adventurist foreign policies. It is easier for Biden to force him to seek reconciliation with Qatar, offer a peace treaty to Yemen’s Houthis, flirt with Iran via Iraq, and endear himself to Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

But when it comes to political reforms, a muted US is neither willing nor able to see the merits of promoting a process that will eventually lead the kingdom on a path to democracy. At the moment, US national interests are allied with those of an authoritarian crown prince, so why rock the boat.  

The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye.

Madawi al-RasheedMadawi al-Rasheed is visiting professor at the Middle East Institute of the London School of Economics. She has written extensively on the Arabian Peninsula, Arab migration, globalisation, religious transnationalism and gender issues. You can follow her on Twitter: @MadawiDr

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No Signs of ‘Israeli’ Intentions to Solve Gaza’s Humanitarian Crisis – Sinwar

22/06/2021

No Signs of ‘Israeli’ Intentions to Solve Gaza’s Humanitarian Crisis - Sinwar

By Staff, Agencies

Leader of the Palestinian Islamic Resistance movement Hamas in the besieged Gaza Strip, Yehya Sinwar, expressed dissatisfaction with “bad” talks with United Nations diplomats supporting an Egyptian-brokered ceasefire with ‘Israel,’ saying the Zionist regime has no will to end the humanitarian crisis in the enclave.

UN Middle East peace envoy Tor Wennesland arrived in Gaza on Monday for talks with Hamas leaders, one month after the fragile Egypt-mediated ceasefire ended 11 days of onslaught by the occupying entity on the coastal enclave.

“The meeting was bad, it was not at all positive,” Sinwar told reporters.

“They listened to us attentively. The roots of the problem must be resolved and unfortunately, there are no signs that there are intentions towards solving the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip,” Sinwar added.

Meanwhile, a source in Hamas, who asked not to be identified, also said the UN envoy had delivered a “negative message” from the Tel Aviv regime to Hamas, without giving further details.

The UN declined to make any comment about the meeting.

The Tel Aviv regime claimed Monday that it had allowed the “limited export” of farm produce to begin and trucks carrying clothes and fabrics to leave.

However, Sinwar rejected the claim and said the occupation regime did nothing to change the situation in Gaza.

The occupation regime continues to block international aid, as well as critical fuel deliveries needed for the electricity plant, and restrict movement, including fishermen in the Mediterranean, the Hamas official added.

“It is clear that the occupation continues to practice its policies against us and our people in the Gaza Strip,” Sinwar said.

“We told the representatives of the United Nations that we will not accept this matter.”

Tel Aviv launched the bombing campaign against the besieged Gaza Strip on May 10, following Palestinian retaliation against violent raids on worshipers at al-Aqsa Mosque and the regime’s plans to force a number of Palestinian families out of their homes at the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood of occupied East al-Quds.

Apparently caught off guard by the unprecedented barrage of rockets from Gaza, the Tel Aviv regime announced a unilateral ceasefire on May 21, which Palestinian resistance movements accepted with Egyptian mediation.

According to Gaza’s Health Ministry, 260 Palestinians were martyred in the ‘Israeli’ offensive, including 66 children, 40 women and 16 elderly while 1,948 others were wounded.

In response, Palestinian resistance factions fired more than 4,000 rockets and missiles into the occupied territories, killing 12 Zionist settlers.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine 10 – 16 June 2021

20/06/2021

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory 10 – 16  June 2021

10 – 16  June 2021

  • 7 Palestinians killed in Nablus in IOF excessive use of lethal force in the West Bank, including 2 women, 2 children, and 2 members of Palestinian security services
  • Palestinian dies of wounds sustained in the IOF military aggression on Gaza
  • 19 Palestinians wounded, including 4 children, in the West Bank and Gaza Strip
  • In 101 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 127 civilians arrested, including 11 children, 4 women and 2 wounded persons
  • Limited IOF incursion into eastern Rafah; 3 Palestinians arrested, including 2 children, in eastern Khan Younis
  • Public market banned in occupied Jerusalem and restrictions on Palestinians’ movement vis-à-vis facilitations for settlers to hold the March of the Flags
  • IOF demolishes lands and room in Jerusalem; confiscate 3 residential tents and a sheep barn in Ramallah, and demolish 3 commercial facilities in Nablus
  • Settler-attacks: 450 vines and 46 olive trees destroyed in Bethlehem and Nablus
  • IOF established 25 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 10 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary                                                                                        

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians that are mostly conducted after midnight and in the early morning hours. This week, IOF killed 7 Palestinians, including 2 children and 2 women who were killed near military checkpoints, as IOF continues to adopt its “shoot to kill” policy, particularly near checkpoints and areas with military presence. Since the beginning of this year, PCHR documented the killing of 12 Palestinians, including 3 women and a child, on Israeli military checkpoints and other areas with military presence, mostly for alleged stab-attacks without the presence of a meaningful threat to soldiers’ lives.

IOF continued its raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse, and attacks on civilians; while occupied East Jerusalem witnessed the largest share of IOF attacks with recurrent settler-raids, the organization of the March of the Flags which included wide-scale attacks on Palestinian civilians and the arrest of dozens. Also IOF maintained its demolition and razing activities against Palestinians’ properties and settlers launched attacks on Palestinians and their properties. IOF maintained its collective punishment policy on the Gaza Strip, keeping both Beit Hanoun and Karm Abu Salem crossings shut, with limited operation for conditional exceptional cases.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

7 Palestinians were killed in Nablus in IOF excessive use of lethal force in the West Bank, including 2 women, 2 children, and 2 members of Palestinian security services. In Gaza, a Palestinian man died of wounds sustained in the IOF military aggression on Gaza. Also, 19 Palestinians were wounded, including 4 children in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

In the West Bank, 3 were wounded in Jenin, and one of them was arrested, another was wounded in Silwad, Ramallah; 3 sustained wounds in IOF attacks on a peaceful protest in Kafr Qaddum, Qalqilya, including a child; 6 were wounded in IOF suppression of peaceful protests in Jabal Sbaih, including 3 children. Another man was wounded in Jerusalem, and another critically wounded before his arrest in Jericho. In the Gaza Strip, 4 Palestinians were wounded in eastern Khan Younis. Dozens suffocated due to tear gas inhalation, fired by IOF in its attacks in the West Bank.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 101 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 127 Palestinians were arrested, including 11 children, 4 women, and 2 wounded persons.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Rafah; and arrested 3 Palestinians, including 2 children, after crossing the border fence during a protest in eastern Khan Younis.

Demolitions:

PCHR fieldworkers documented 3 violations:

  • East Jerusalem: agricultural room and lands razed in Isawiya.
  • Ramallah: 3 residential tents, and a sheep barn (with 180 livestock), dismantled and confiscated; IOF also confiscated a water tank and 3 solar panels in Ramun.
  • Nablus: 3 commercial facilities demolished (tin-plate roof and made of bricks).

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 2 attacks by Israeli settlers on Palestinian civilians and their properties:

  • Bethlehem: 450 vines destroyed in al-Khader with poisonous pesticides.
  • Nablus: 46 olive trees damaged and destroyed in Burin.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Israeli authorities continued to impose collective punishments against the people of the Gaza Strip by closing Karm Abu Salem and Beit Hanoun “Erez” Crossings (with partial operation). IOF closed both crossings at the beginning of its military aggression on Gaza on 10 May 2021, and partially opened them for a few days after a ceasefire was declared on 22 May 2021.  This comes in a time where The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  I. Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity

  • On Thursday dawn, the Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) shot dead 3 Palestinians, including 2 security officer and the third was an Islamic Jihad operative, while 2 others were injured; one was a security officer, and the other was an operative who was arrested after his injury. According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 01:30 on Thursday, 10 June 2021, an Israeli Special Force sneaked into Jenin-Nazareth Street, north of Jenin, and stationed near the Palestinian Intelligence Headquarter on the street.  The Israeli Special Force opened fire at a Palestinian vehicle, where 2 persons were inside near the headquarters.  Fire exchanged between the Israeli Special Force and Palestinian Intelligence officers, who were on duty and went out to deal with the shooting near their security headquarter.  As a result, 2 Intelligence officers were killed and a third one was injured.  The officers killed were identified as: lieutenant Adham Yasser Tawfiq ‘Aleiwi (33), from al-Makhfiyeh neighborhood in Nablus, who was shot with a bullet in the head, and Taysir Mahmoud ‘Othman ‘Issa (33), from Sanour village, southeast of Jenin, who was shot with a bullet in the back.  Also, their colleague Mohammed Samer Mneizel al-Bzour (23), a captain from al-Matalah area in Jenin, was wounded with bullets in the chest and abdomen and admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at Dr. Khalil Soliman Governmental Hospital due to his serious condition.  Few minutes later, Israeli military backups arrived via al-Jalamah checkpoint and secured the withdrawal of the Special Force.  They also took the vehicle that was shot in the beginning as well as the persons who were targeted inside.  Later, IOF declared that one of the persons killed was Jamil Basem Ibrahim ‘Amouri (24) and his body was kept in custody while the other, who was injured, was identified as Wissam Mohammed Mahmoud Abu Zaid (23) and was arrested and taken to an unknown destination.  Both were Islamic Jihad operatives.

According to the Israeli “Yedioth Ahronoth” Newspaper, IOF’s initial investigation said that an undercover force from the Yamam Border Police counterterrorism unit surrounded 2 persons inside a vehicle in Jenin to arrest them, claiming the latter wanted to carry out a shooting attack in the coming days.  Meanwhile, one of them tried to escape on feet while the other tried to escape in the vehicle; thus, the Israeli Force opened fire at them, wounding them both.  The Newspaper added that Jamil al-‘Amouri died on the spot while his colleague Wissam was injured and then arrested by the Israeli Force.  IOF claimed they found military equipment, including a bulletproof vest, ammunition, and a weapon. 

According to the same newspaper, the Israeli Forces did not coordinate the raid with the Palestinian Security and once the Force wanted to withdraw from the scene, it was exposed to heavy gunfire that was apparently from 3 Palestinian security officers, who did not recognize the Israeli force.   The newspaper added that the Israeli force responded with fire and killed 2 of the officers and seriously injured a third one.

  • At approximately 10:00, coinciding with holding a court session to consider the eviction of Baten al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan village in favor of settlement associations, IOF arrested 3 Palestinians while suppressing a protest organized in solidarity with Ghaith and Abu Nab families in front of the Israeli District Court on Salah al-Deen Street, in the center of occupied East Jerusalem.

Zuhair al-Rajbi, head of Baten al-Hawa village’s committee, said that IOF suppressed a protest organized in front of the Israeli District Court and beat Palestinian protestors and activists. He added that IOF arrested Basel Doweek, ‘Adel al-Selwadi and Nizam Abu Romuz while participating in the protest and took them to a detention facility in the city. Al-Rajbi pointed out that the Israeli District Court’s judges decided to refer Salem Ghaith and Jawad Abu Nab’s cases to the legal Adviser to the Israeli government, Avichai Mandelblit, and delay the consideration of these cases until 08 July 2021. It should be noted that Israeli associations claimed the ownership of Jews from Yemen over a plot of land (5 dunums and 200 square meters) in Baten al-Hawa neighborhood. Additionally, 86 families of 1300 members are under the threat of forced displacement from their houses established on this plot of land.

  • At approximately 16:00, IOF suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinian young men in Bab al-‘Amoud area in central occupied East Jerusalem, protesting at raiding Bab al-‘Amoud area by the Israeli Knesset member Itamar Ben Gvir, who raised the Israeli flag under the IOF’s intense protection. During the protest, IOF fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters at the protestors and severely beat them. Also, IOF arrested 30 Palestinians, including a child, and took them to al-Bareed Police Center on Salah al-Deen Street.

It should be noted that Ben Gvir called Israeli settlers to organize the March of Flags, which passes through Arabs villages in occupied East Jerusalem towards al-Boraq (Wailing Wall), and to raid al-Aqsa Mosque in response to cancel the protest earlier. Accordingly, Palestinian young men called for confronting the settlers’ raids in Bab al-‘Amoud area, organizing a peaceful protest and raising Palestinian flags. When the Israeli Knesset member Itamar Ben Gvir arrived at Bab al-‘Amoud area, Palestinian protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted national slogans. IOF immediately suppressed them, beat them, fired sound bombs and rubber bullets at them, and pumped wastewater at them to vacate the area completely and secure Ben Gvir along with a group of settlers while present in the area. When Israeli settlers stormed Bab al-‘Amoud area, they cursed Palestinian young men and deliberately obstructed journalists’ work by putting their hats in front of their cameras. Moreover, IOF, who provided full protection for settlers, detained a number of Palestinian protestors in control rooms established at the entrances to Bab al-‘Amoud area, severely beat them and pepper-sprayed them.  Lawyer Feras al-Jebraini said that IOF arrested at least 20 Palestinians from Bab al-‘Amoud area. He clarified that that the detainees were transferred to Salah al-Deen Street police station, and then to the “Nabi Yacoub and Oz” centers for interrogation. He pointed out that many detainees were accused of assaulting the police officer, Special Forces and an Israeli settler, in addition to participating in the clashes erupted in the area. Al-Jebraini added that a number of detainees sustained wounds in their faces and chest and received treatment later. He also said that the detainees were identified as ‘Amer Bader, ‘Abed al-Rahman al-Bukhari, Laith Abu Kaf, Na’iem al-Natsha, Sameer Sarhan, Loai al-Rajbi, Eyad Abu Subeih, Qasem al-Desi, Mohammed al-Fakhouri, Loai al-Qare’, Mahmoud Muhssain, Mahmoud al-Kaswani, Thair Qara’een, Bashar Shoki, Khaled al-Salimah, ‘Abdullah Jaber, Raied al-Sayyad, and Ramzi Mansour.

  • At approximately 22:00 on Thursday, IOF backed by two military vehicles moved into Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron, and stationed near UNRWA school. They deployed in the area and fired teargas canisters at Palestinian young men gathered on a public street, under the pretext of throwing stones at them. As a result, some of the young men suffocated due to teargas inhalation. Later, IOF withdrew, and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 12:00 on Friday, 11 June 2021, a peaceful protest took off from the central of Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah, towards the eastern entrance to the village, against the detention of Palestinians’ corpses. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the occupation. When the protestors arrived at the village’s eastern entrance, IOF stationed on street “60”, which is located near “Ofra“ settlement in eastern Ramallah, fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. Afterwards, violent clashes erupted between them. As a result, a 22-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his head and taken to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah. Also, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinians. IOF chased Palestinians, clashed them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, an 8-year-old child was shot with a rubber bullet in his foot and a 30-year-old man sustained shrapnel wounds, causing laceration in his thigh.
  • On Friday, in a new crime of excessive use of lethal force by the Israeli occupation forces (IOF), a Palestinian child was killed, and 5 others were injured, including 2 children, during the suppression of a peaceful protest against settlement expansion in Beita village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank.

According to investigations conducted by the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR), at approximately 13:00 on Friday, 11 June 2021, and for the 6th consecutive week, a peaceful protest took off from central Beita village, southeast of Nablus, towards Subeih Mount, south of the village, where IOF established “Evyatar” settlement outpost a month ago. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation and settlers. When the protestors arrived at Subeih Mount, where a large number of IOF stationed, the latter indiscriminately opened fire at the protestors. Afterwards, violent clashes erupted, during which, the protestors threw stones at IOF who responded with live and rubber bullets, stun grenades and teargas canisters. The clashes continued until 17:30.  As a result, a Palestinian teenager namely Mohammed Sa’ied Mohammed Hamayil (16), from Beita village, was shot dead with a live bullet, which penetrated his right armpit and then his chest and exited his left arm. Hamayil drew his last breath in the emergency department at Rafidia Governmental Hospital. Moreover, 5 other Palestinians, including 2 children, were injured. Moreover, many protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation.

Hamayil was the 3rd Palestinian killed by IOF during the suppression of peaceful protests against settlement expansion in Subeih Mount as on 14 May 2021, IOF shot dead ‘Issa Suliman Barham Dawoud (38), a prosecutor in Salfit District Court, with a live bullet in the chest. Also, on 28 May 2021, IOF shot dead Zakaria Maher Falah Hamayil (26) with a live bullet in his head during the suppression of a protest in Subeih Mount.

  • At approximately 13:00 on Saturday, 12 June 2021, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinians. IOF chased Palestinians, clashed them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, a 47-year-old man was shot with a rubber bullet in his thigh.
  • On Saturday, a Palestinian woman shot dead by an Israeli Security guard and was left bleeding to death at Qalandia checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem, claiming she attempted to carry out a stabbing attack.  According to PCHR’s investigations, the woman did not pose imminent threat to the soldiers’ lives and could have been controlled without use of excessive force. According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 13:10 on Saturday, 12 June 2021, an Israeli security guard opened fire at a woman approaching them at Qalandia checkpoint and wounded her immediately. She fell on the ground, and IOF left her bleeding to death without providing her first aid. They kept her body in custody, and she was later identified as Ibtisam Khaled Ka’abnah (28), a mother of a child and lived in Jericho.

In its statement, IOF claimed that a Palestinian woman approached the vehicles path at Qalandia military checkpoint and ran with a knife towards the Israeli forces stationed there; however, an Israeli civilian security guard realized what was going on and asked her to stop many times.  She kept walking towards them, and the guard fired several bullets at her.

Many videos showed how IOF blocked medics’ access to the wounded woman, who fell on the ground helplessly for more than half an hour.  Afterwards, IOF searched her clothes, covered her body and then took her away, amid complete closure of the checkpoint.

  • At approximately 08:00 on Sunday, 13 June 2021, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, opened fire at agricultural lands in Khuzaʽa village, east of Khan Yunis. The IOFs shooting continued for few minutes and no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 04:30 on Monday, 14 June 2021, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into al-Jiftlik village, north of Jericho, and stationed in the western neighborhood. IOF deployed between residential houses and patrolled the area, causing fear among the villagers. A number of Israeli soldiers raided and searched houses and locked its residents in one room. The soldiers also used sniffer dogs to search agricultural lands surrounding these houses. During which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF and their vehicles. IOF immediately assaulted the protestors, chased them between residential houses and fired rubber and live bullets, teargas canisters ans sound bombs at them. As a result, Ahmed ‘Abed al-‘Aziz ‘Atawnah (35) was shot with 3 live bullets in his abdomen and waist. IOF arrested ‘Atawnah and took him via a military plane to an Israeli hospital. They also arrested ‘Abed al-‘Aziz Mohammed ‘Atawnah (16).
  • On Tuesday morning, 15 June 2021, Israeli police reinforced its forces in occupied East Jerusalem, specifically around the Old City, and turned it to a military barrack as a prelude to organize and secure March of the Flags, in which thousands of Israeli settlers participate, to celebrate the anniversary of the occupation of Jerusalem according to the Hebrew calendar. The march was organized upon an approval from the Israeli Minister of Internal Security, Omer Bar-Lev, noting that the march was postponed on 10 May 2021, due to the Israeli offensive on the Gaza Strip and firing rockets towards occupied East Jerusalem by Palestinian armed groups. IOF intensified the number of soldiers whether in civilian clothes or in military uniform, reinforced the rapid intervention units, deployed more than 2500 police officers in the area, placed iron barriers at Bab al-‘Amoud entrance, at all the Old City gates and on the main streets such as al-Sultan Suliman and Salah al-Deen Streets. They also forced shops’ owners to close their shops in Bab al-Khalil, al-Haser Market and on al-Wad Street. On the other hand, youth movements and national and Islamic factions called Palestinians to confront the March of flags. Dozens of Palestinians responded to the calls made by these movements and factions and gathered in Bab al-‘Amoud yard at approximately 15:00, but IOF forcefully suppressed and dispersed them towards Nablus and Sultan Suliman Streets. IOF also beat the protestors and arrested some of them. The IOF’s suppression against Palestinians continued until 18:00. It should be noted that thousands of Israeli settlers raided Bab al-‘Amoud yards and its stairs while raising Israeli flags and chanting racist slogans, such as “Death to the Arabs”. The settlers also cursed the Prophet Muhammad, assaulted press crews, and threw water bottles and stones at them. They also assaulted and pushed an elderly woman namely Fatima Khader, so she fainted. Forty minutes later, the March of flags headed towards al-​Boraq (Wailing Wall) through Bab Al-Khalil and passing from the Christian and Jewish neighborhoods, not through the Islamic neighborhood as usual. Following the March, a number of Palestinians gathered in Bab al-‘Amoud yard, chanted national slogans and cleaned the area before suppressing and forcibly dispersing them by IOF, who flooded the area with wastewater. In Omar Ibn al-Khattab yard in the vicinity of Bab Al-Khalil inside Jerusalem’s walls, hundreds of settlers protested, chanted slogans against Arabs and damaged Palestinians’ properties in al-Haser Market and at Bab al-Selselah. During which, hand-to-hand fighting erupted between the Palestinians and settlers on al-Wad Street and in al-Selselah and ‘Aqabet al-Khalidiyia neighborhoods. Afterwards, IOF intervened to secure the settlers and arrested 3 Palestinians. Violent clashes then erupted outside the Jerusalem’s walls, particularly on Sultan Suliman, Salah al-Deen, al-Zahraa’ and Nablus Streets. During which, IOF fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at Palestinians. As a result, a Palestinian was shot with a live bullet while present in al-Mosrarah Market adjacent to Nablus Street. Also, over 30 Palestinians sustained wounds and bruises due to IOF’s attacks and received treatment on the spot. In the evening, the clashed between the Palestinians and settlers spread to many neighborhoods in Jerusalem, especially in Wadi al-Joz, al-Tur, al-Sawwana and al-Isawiya. During those clashes, IOF fired rubber bullets to disperse the protestors. Moreover, Israeli police stated that they arrested 26 Palestinians during the clashes erupted to confront the March of flags. PCHR keeps the names of the arrestees. It is noteworthy that the Zionist religious settlement youth movement has been organizing the March of Flags for nearly 30 years. Tens of thousands of settlers participate in this march while raising Israeli flags, chanting racist slogans against Arabs and Palestinians and wandering occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City streets in an attempt to consolidating the idea of unifying West and East Jerusalem under the full Israeli control.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Tuesday, a group of Palestinians gathered near the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, adjacent to Khuzaʽa village in eastern Khan Yunis. The Palestinians approached the border fence and attempted to rip parts of the barbed wire. Other Palestinains threw stones at IOF stationed along the fence. IOF fired live bullets and teargas canisters at them. The clashes continued for several hours. As a result, 3 Palestinians were shot with live bullets in their limbs and were taken to the European Gaza Hospital in Khan Yunis. Also, IOF arrested 3 Palestinians, including 2 children, while attempting to pass through the fence. The arrestees were identified as Hasan Bassam Mohammed Abu Tibah (17), Moayad Mahmoud Sami al-Breem (17) and Kamal Mahmoud Mohammed al-Breem (18). All of them are from Bani Suheila village in eastern Khan Yunis. At approximately 21:00, a group of Palestinians gathered near the border fence, adjacent to Khuzaʽa village in eastern Khan Yunis, after resuming the “Night Confusion” activities. They threw fireworks at IOF and set fire to tires. IOF responded with live bullets. As a result, a Palestinian was shot with a live bullet in his lower limbs. At approximately 08:30, IOF released the mentioned arrestees.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of al-Shawka village, east of Rafah, opened fire and fired teargas canisters at dozens of Palestinian young men who protested along the border fence and set fire to tires. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:45, medical sources at al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza City, declared the death of Moayad Ahmed Mohammed Hamdan (36), from al-Sekka Street in Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, succumbing to wounds he sustained during the latest Israeli offensive on Gaza. According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 17:30 on Thursday, 13 May 2021, Israeli warplanes fired 3 missiles at Mousa Reda Hamad’s 3-story house on Qa’ al-Beer Street. As a result, 3 persons, including Hamdan, were wounded. It should be noted that Hamdan was walking on the street when Hamad’s house was targeted. The wounded were taken to Beit Hanoun Hospital for treatment. Medical sources at the hospital described Hamdan’s injury as serious. He sustained shrapnel wound in his head, and he was referred for al-Shifa Hospital, where he remained in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) until his death was announced.
  • At approximately 19:30 on Tuesday, 15 June 2021, IOF stationed near the annexation wall in Jalamah village, north of Jenin, opened fire near the wall. As a result, a 22-year-old male was shot with a live bullet in his hand and was taken to Khalil Suliman Hospital.
  • On Tuesday, dozens of Palestinians, from Bethlehem, organized a peaceful protest in front of a metal detector gate fixed on the annexation wall from the northern side, protesting at organizing the March of Flags in occupied East Jerusalem. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted national slogans. In the meantime, Israeli patrols arrived at the area and fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. Afterwards, separate clashes erupted near the military checkpoint (300) and continued for several hours. As a result, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Wednesday, 16 June 2021, IOF killed a Palestinian woman near the entrance to Hizma village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of carrying out run-over and stabbing attacks. According to PCHR’s follow up, IOF fired several live bullets at Mai Khaled Yousef ‘Afana (29) near the entrance to Hizma village. As a result, Mai was wounded with live bullets and was left bleeding to death as IOF prevented medical crews from helping her. IOF claimed in a statement published in Israeli media that Mai attempted to carry out a run-over attack against Israeli soldiers who were present near annexation wall, near Hizma village. They added that Mai stepped out of her car and attempted to carry out a stabbing attack, so Israeli soldiers opened fire at her, wounding her with live bullets before her death was announced later. Hani ‘Afana, Mai’s cousin, said that Mai was a psychologist, and she recently received her PhD degree from Mu’tah University in Jordan. He added that Mai worked at the Faculty of Humanities at Al-Istiqlal University in Jericho, and she was married and mother of a 4-year-old girl. Hani pointed out that the Israeli intelligence service phoned his brother Khaled to inform him about the death of his daughter and summoned him for investigation. This incident is part of an Israeli constant policy of using excessive force, particularly the shoot-to-kill policy against the suspects at the checkpoints and near the Israeli position points.  ‘Afana is the 2nd Palestinian that was killed during this week. Since the beginning of the year, PCHR documented the killing of 12 Palestinians, including 3 women and a child, at the Israeli checkpoints and position points; most of them were killed allegedly for attempting to carry out a stabbing attack without imminent threat to the soldiers’ lives.
  • At approximately 15:00, a group of Palestinian young men and children gathered in central of Beita village, southeast of Nablus, and headed towards Subeih Mount, south of the village, where IOF established a “Evyatar “ settlement outpost few weeks ago. They gathered in the western side of Subeih Mount area to protest against the establishment of “Evyatar “settlement outpost and set fire to tires. IOF indiscriminately opened fire at them. Afterwards, violent clashes erupted in the area, during which, the protestors threw stones at IOF, who responded with live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters. The clashes continued until 17:50. As a result, Ahmed Zahi Ibrahim ‘Issa Dawoud (16) was shot with a live bullet in his head and was taken to Rafidia Hospital, where he was admitted to a surgical operation room due to his critical health condition. At approximately 03:00 on Thursday, 17 June 2021, medical sources declared that death of Dawoud.

 II. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 19 June 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Eizariya, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They launched sound bombs and teargas canisters, raided and searched the house of the journalist, Anan Eisa Najeeb (48), from Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem, who was exiled from Jerusalem last year for 6 months and extended the decision under the pretext that he poses a security threat to the State of Israel. It should be noted that Najeeb is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons, and he was re-arrested several hours before ending the second exile period.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Silwad, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Zeyad Abdul Jalil Hamed’s (58) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Fawaghera neighborhood in Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ibrahim Mohammed Soman’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Jaba’, south of Jenin. They raided and searched Izz al-Dein Freihat Fashafisha’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF arrested Naser Nabil Jaber (32), from Tulkarm, while referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services on a prior summons.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Batin al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ra’ed Hazem al-Sayyad’s (16) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of al-Zawiya village, south of Jenin. Before removing the checkpoint, IOF arrested Ahmed Ali Mousa (22) and li Mohammed Mousa (23), from Mirka village, southwest of Jenin. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:05, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Beita, southeast of Nablus. Before removing the checkpoint, IOF arrested Ahmed Ashraf Abu Thyab (17), from Beita, and took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Hebron, Halhul, Aroub refugee camp and Tarrama, in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 11 June 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Harmala, Rafidia, Beit Falouh, and Rakhma villages in Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians; Mousa Ahmed al-‘Arouj (21), Mousa Raja al-‘Arouj (19), Abdul Rahman Ra’ed al-‘Arouj (18) and Shaher Hasan al-‘Arouj (22).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Bab Huta neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Ni’man Nidal Wazwaz’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into Batin al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Tha’er Qara’een’s (47) house and arrested him. IOF claimed that he assaulted an Israeli settler in the city.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Salhab (20), from the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, while heading to work. IOF took him to one of the investigation centers in the city.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF arrested Ammar Yaser Hammad (26), from Qalqilya, while entering the Aqsa Mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to one of the investigation centers in the city.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF arrested (3) children after getting out of the Aqsa Mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took them to one of the detention centers in the city, and then they released on conditions of the house arrest for 5 days, ban their entry to the occupied Jerusalem’s Old City for 15 days and pay a bail of (300 NIS). The arrestees are: Mohammed Anwar al-‘Abbasi (15), Adam Samer al-‘Abbasi (13) and Yousef Ahmed al-Tawil (15).
  • At approximately 19:45, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Sarra village, branching from Nablus-Qalqilya Street, southwest of Nablus. Before removing the checkpoint, IOF arrested Hamza Suleiman Hashash (22) and his brother, Mo’ath (24), from Balata refugee camp, east of the city. IOF took them to unknown destinations.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF moved into Batin al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched ,ahran Abu Jom’a’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Yatta and Tarqumiyah in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 12 June 2021:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into the southern side of Hebron. They raided and searched 2 houses and arrested Mahmoud Shabana al-Tamimi (39), and Firas Wa’el Abu Sharekh (46).
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint at the eastern entrance of Qalqilya, and arrested Abdullah Ya’qoub Sweidan (17), from Azzun, east of Qalqilya.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF stormed lajee center (for training and development of children in the camp) in Aida refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. IOF arrested (3) children inside the camp: Imran Mahmoud Baraqi’a (14), Ahmed Zakariya Baraqi’a (15) and Abdullah Mohammed Abu Srour (14).
  • At approximately 22:00, Israeli Special Forces severely beaten, assaulted, and arrested (3) civilians while present near al-Maqassed Hospital in al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and took them to one of the detention centers in the city. The arrestees are: Lo’ay al-Kaswani (22), Abdullah al-Hidra (25) and Rami Salah al-Dein (21).
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Bani Na’im, Beit Ummar and Halhul villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 13 June 2021:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into several neighborhoods in Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Na’eem Nabil al-Natshah (62), and handed Nawah Abdul Khaliq Qfaisha (49), Naji Ali Abu Khalaf (42) and Abdul Aziz Mahmoud al-Hadad (46) summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Sa’ir, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Jihad Mahmoud Jaradat’s (39) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into Deir Abu Masha’al village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched 2 houses and arrested 2 civilians including a child. The arrestees are: Anwar Safi Atta (17), and Khaled Ahmed al-Masri (27).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Rantis village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Islam Majed Dannoun’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Faris Harbi Dari’s (26) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Dari is a former prisoner who was released 2 days ago after spending 2 years in the Israeli prisons.
  • In morning hours, IOF banned a local bazaar which was planned to take a place in Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem, as part of the “National Economic Week” events, which was organized by activists and commercial entities in Jerusalem. IOF claimed that the Bazaar was banned because it was sponsored by the Palestinian Authority.

The Beit Hanina Charitable Association stated that the IOF informed them that the Bazaar which supposed to be held in Beit Hanina neighborhood from (11:00 to 17:00) is cancelled. Also, the Israeli army, stationed at Qalandiya military checkpoint, confiscated musical equipment belonging to one of the artists who was on his way to participate in the bazaar. It should be noted that the bazaar was part of the “National Economic Week” event, aimed to promote local products and small businesses, including handicrafts, homemade food, products from farmers’ lands, musical events, and clowns. After cancelling the bazaar, the organizers of the “National Economic Week” campaign stated that: “the Israeli police informed them that the bazaar was cancelled, and they must ask their permission to hold any event, under their complete supervision and restrictions”. The bazaar organizers considered that taking the Israeli permission before holding any bazaar constitute a form of restricting the Palestinian existence in the occupied East Jerusalem and depriving it of any economic perspective.

  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Hamza al-Rajabi (19) and Adnan al-Rajabi (21) and handed them summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Malik Basem Asaliya’s (19) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in al-Kishle investigation canter.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in al-Shuyukh and Dura villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 14 June 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Wadi Abu Fariha area, north of Beit Sahour, north of Bethlehem governorate. They raided and searched Saber Ibrahim Abayat’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Bayt Ula, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Jamal Awni al-‘Adam’s (40) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:40, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Sa’ir, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Omar Adnan Jaradat’s (20) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Jaradat is suffering from electrical shocks in the body which require a special medical care.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Karmel, southeast of Yatta. They raided and searched Montaser Ya’qoub Abu Arram’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Jaba’ village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Issam Khaled Fashafisha (22) and Malik Taleb Hamamera (22) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ya’nad village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Yazeed Abdul Rahim Abed (22) and Mohammed Yousef al-Taher (20) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched Suhaib Bassam Dawoud’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (13) incursions in Fawwar refugee camp, Imreish and Idhna in Hebron; Ilar, Anabta, Bal’a, Kafr al-Labad, Ramin and Kafr Rumman in Tulkarm governorate; Azzun and Baqat al-Hatab, east of Qalqilya; Qalqilya and Marda, north of Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 15 June 2021:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Mirka, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched Raja Ayed Waked’s (42) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Yamun, west of Jenin. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Oday Basit Freihat (22) and Ahmed Maher Freihat (18) and arrested them.

Wednesday, 16 June 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beita, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians, including 2 siblings, one of them with wounds. The arrestees are: Silm Mustafa Hamayil (25), his brother, Saleem (27), and Baraa’ Barakar ‘Adili (25).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Awarta, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Omar Ahmed Abdat (22).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Sa’ir, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Zaytun Halaiqa’s (39) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Taffuh, west of Hebron. They raided and searched 2 houses and arrested Emad Abdul Karim Irzeikat (44), and Wajdi Fayiz al-Tarwa (35).
  • At approximately 03:20, IOF moved into Beit Kahil, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Isam Suliman Atawna’s (42) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Ein Yabrud village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched (5) houses and arrested (5) civilians; Mohammed Adel Hweih (26), Zahi Hatem Hweih (29), Ali Shaker Sarra (21), Khaled Suhail Musleh (28) and Mohammed Akram Fareed (19).
  • At approximately 04:05, IOF moved into Burqa village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians; Hakam Ahmed Baraka (22), Shaheen Mustafa Barakat (19), Hussain Isma’el Abu Samra (29), and Ahmed Sultan Nawabeet (23).
  • At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched 3 houses in Harat al-Sheikh, Ein Sarah and al-Dahdah neighborhoods, and arrested (3) civilians. The arrestees are: ‘Amer Mahmoud al-Ja’bari (37), Suhaib Hamed Mahfouz (44) and Emad Ayed al-Zaro (31).
  • At approximately 13:15, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and bulldozers, launched from the border fence with Israel, moved 100-meters into al-Shawka village, east of Rafah, south of the Gaza Strip. They leveled and combed lands and deployed again behind the border fence at approximately 15:10.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF moved into Shuyukh village, northeast of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Arafat Halaiqa’s (51) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed at a military checkpoint arrested Ayam Nimir al-Rajabi (28), from al-Fahs area, south of the city. IOF claimed that she was in possession of a knife, and she was taken to “Kiryat Arba’” settlement, east of the city.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolitions, Confiscations, and notices

  • On Thursday morning, 10 June 2021, IOF demolished an agricultural room and razed lands in al-‘Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Mohammed Abu al-Hummus, Member of al-‘Issawiya Follow-up Committee, said that Israeli Civil Administration crews demolished an agricultural room and razed areas of lands in the eastern side of the village belonging to Amjad Hasan ‘Ali Mustafa.  The latter was handed a demolition notice from the Municipality of Beit El Settlement, which is  established on the Palestinian lands of northern Ramallah and al-Bireh.

  • At approximately 07:00 on Sunday, 13 June 2021, IOF backed by 2 military vehicles and accompanied with a vehicle belonging to the Israeli Civil Administration, and a truck-mounted moved into a wild area in Ramun village to the west of “Caramillo” military checkpoint, northeast of Ramallah, where al-Ka’abnah family lives in a Bedouin community. IOF brought workers from an Israeli private company.  They dismantled and confiscated 3 residential tents, a sheep barn that shelters 180 sheep, a water tank and 3 solar cells belonging to ‘Abdel Hafiz ‘Awwad Fazza’a al-Ka’abnah and his son Ibrahim, under the pretext of building in area C.
  • At approximately 09:30 on Monday, 14 June 2021, IOF accompanied with an Israeli Civil Administration SUV and 2 bulldozers moved into Deir Sharaf village, west of Nablus. They demolished 3 tinplate-roofed commercial facilities built of bricks on the Tulkarm-Nablus Road, noting that the facilities’ owners were notified of the demolition on 25 May 2021 within 96 hours.  The demolition was carried out in the morning under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C.

Those affected were:

#NameFacilityArea “Sqm”Use
1.       Walid Ahmed Ya’qoub ‘Antari4 commercial facilities320 sqmsUnused
2.       Walid Na’im Mas’oud ‘Antari4 commercial facilities300 sqmsUnused
3.       Rami ‘Abdul Fattah Mahmoud TabariA commercial facility80 sqmsFor cosmetics and detergents

Settler attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property

  • On Friday, 11 June 2021, Israeli settlers destroyed 450 grapevines belonging to Ra’afat Salah in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem, by spraying toxic pesticides at them.

Salah said that settlers from “Sidi Bou’ez” settlement established on western al-Khader village sprayed 450 grapevines with toxic chemicals in his land adjacent to the settlement.  He noticed a difference in the grape leaves when he headed to his land in the morning, so he learnt that his grapevines were sprayed with toxic pesticides.  He took his 2 sons to the hospital immediately fearing that they were poisoned after eating grapes from those vines.  Salah added that this is the fourth time in the last 5 years the Israeli settlers do that.  He said that if he did not discover that his 36 dunums had been sprayed with toxic pesticides, many people who buy grapes and leaves from him would have been poisoned.

  • At approximately 18:00 on Tuesday, 15 June 2021, a shepherd herding his sheep in Bab Khelet al-Ghouleh in southern Burin village, southeast of Nablus, noticed that a group of settlers from “Yitzahar” settlement established on the lands of Burin village cut and broke 47 olive trees. The shepherd thinks that incident occurred in the same morning or in the afternoon before because the leaves are still green.  It should be noted that the assaulted land belongs to Sabri Qassem Zeben (30 trees); Khaled Yousif Zeben (6 trees) and Mojahed and Jihad Mohammed Mousa Zeben (10 trees.)

Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip:

The Israeli authorities continued to impose collective punishments against the people of the Gaza Strip by closing Karm Abu Salem and Beit Hanoun “Erez” Crossings (with partial operation). IOF closed both crossings at the beginning of its military aggression on Gaza on 10 May 2021, and partially opened them for a few days after a ceasefire was declared on 22 May 2021.  This comes in a time where The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West Bank:

In addition to 108 permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of 25 temporary checkpoints that restrict the movement of goods and individuals, where IOF searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 10 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 10 June 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Awarta village, southeast of the city.
  • On Saturday, 12 June 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beita village, southeast of the city.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 10 June 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Idhna and Beit Ummar villages.
  • On Friday, 11 June 2021, IOF established 5 checkpoints on Abu Risha Road, east of Idhna village; at the entrance to Sa’ir village; on Beit Einun Road; at the southern entrance to Hebron; and at the entrance to Ash-Shuyukh village.
  • On Saturday, 12 June 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Halhul city, and at the entrances to Sa’ir and Beit Awwa villages.
  • On Sunday, 13 June 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Bani Na’im, Sa’ir and Beit Kahil villages, and at the southern entrance to Hebron.
  • On Wednesday, 16 June 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp, at the southern entrance to Hebron, and at the entrances to Idhna and ad-Dhahiriya villages.

Salfit:

  • On Saturday, 12 June 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Salfit and at the entrance to Kafr ad-Dik village, west of the city.
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