From The Memory of The People: Flowers, Dancing and a Defeated “Israeli” Occupation Army

From The Memory of The People: Flowers, Dancing and a Defeated “Israeli” Occupation Army

By Nour Rida

Lebanon – Many are the photos and videos that rerun the joy and emotions of people returning to their homes and villages in Lebanon, after long years of “Israeli” occupation to their land.

25 May, celebrated as a national holiday and considered as one of the most important days in Lebanon’s modern history is dubbed Resistance and Liberation Day. After two decades, people recall the day when they tasted the sweetness of returning back to their homes, lands and villages and reunited with their loved ones, and the day when the detainees saw the sun again after long years of torture and imprisonment in “Israeli” prisons set up inside the Lebanese territory; like the infamous Khiam prison.

Fatima, 65 years old, told al-Ahed news that she was on a vacation in Lebanon. She had been living abroad all her life, driven out of Lebanon due to the civil war and then the “Israeli” occupation of Lebanon.

“I remember that day so well. As soon as we heard the news, that the ‘Israeli’ army was withdrawing, we poured down to the streets in Beirut to celebrate, and to find out more about what was happening. I had not been to the South of Lebanon for many years because of the occupation. So we instantly rode our car and moved towards the South with the other thousands of cars to go back home. People were throwing rice and flowers, giving out sweets and candy, it was sort of a wedding or parade and you just could see the smiles and tears of joy everywhere.”

Mariam, 73 year old housewife who comes originally from Jizzine, a village in South Lebanon with a Christian majority, told al-Ahed news that on that day, rumors were spreading like fire at the beginning that the Hezbollah, or Lebanese resistance movement was killing people all across the South of Lebanon and that no one should even think of going to the South at the moment.

“My husband said this was definitely rubbish, he had been friends with many of the resistance fighters and he said he knew well that was not the case. We are Christians, but we lived a long life of friendship and love with our Muslim neighbors, who cared for us more than our own family members sometimes. Soon we joined the cars moving towards the South on that day, only to find out what my husband was saying: these are rumors of hatred and bigotry by ‘Israel’ and their allies inside Lebanon.”

On that day, many marched back to their homes and villages on foot. It was like waves of human beings were flocking back to their land of which they were deprived by the “Israeli” occupation.

“My aunt shows in one of the videos on that day,” Amal said.

Amal was a kid at the time, but she knows the stories by heart. She has been listening to these stories for 20 years now, and today she turns 30. She was born on this same day only 10 years before the “Israeli” so-called invincible army withdrew from Lebanon.

“Many took to the streets, dancing, chanting, embracing each other and tossing rice and flowers in the air in celebration. I was a kid but I still vaguely remember how we were standing at the doorsteps of our house and people were celebrating; my aunt shows in one of the videos dancing and throwing flowers right in front of our house.”

Sara, for her part, was the daughter of an agent who worked for the “Israeli” occupation in its Lahed Army, or what was known as the SLA [South Lebanon Army]. It was an army in which Lebanese people were hired to help the “Israeli” occupation, and hence it was an army of national traitors. Sara wanted to speak anonymously; it still bothers her that her father was a traitor and an agent who worked for the “Israeli” occupation.

“I cannot hide from the past, and I cannot forget that he is my father. We were so scared when the ‘Israelis’ fled and people said we will be killed and humiliated by Hezbollah, but until this day none of the Hezbollah people did us wrong. The only one humiliated was my father, when he fled to the Galilee camp and later told us how badly they were treated until he managed to leave to Canada after a few weeks of ill treatment and lack of any basic needs or respect,” Sara described.

She went on to say “He later came to Lebanon and was jailed for three years because of cooperating with the ‘Israeli’ occupation army.”

The 2000 liberation of Lebanon was a turning point in the history of Lebanon and the region, from which people and societies can draw lessons and inspiration. Western media attempts across the years are crystal clear, trying to misrepresent history or hide the told and untold stories. But facts cannot be concealed. The stories of the people, the marching of the people on foot all the way to the South, the videos and the photos and audio-visual history, the tears of joy and longing, the blood of the martyrs and the some 150 Khiam Lebanese detainees whose scars still speak of “Israeli” torture cannot be buried.

It was the resistance fighters and the people who hand in hand liberated their land. As Timor Goksel, former spokesman and senior advisor to UNIFIL had said once on the popular move: “Back in 2000, it was the march of the people before the Liberation which amazed me the most…The starting point was in the village of Kantara towards the village of Taybe. Hundreds of children, women, and men marched towards freedom.”

In 1979, Goksel was assigned as Press Information Officer/Spokesman to UNIFIL at South Lebanon’s Nakoura and later became a Senior Adviser of UNIFIL in 1995.

Goksel said that historically, “Israel” never left a country without something in return, but this only time was a withdrawal for nothing in return; that’s why this time it was a success.

Hence, what speaks stronger than all these memories is the fact that the once unbeatable “Israeli” army faces a deterrence power in the region imposed by the Lebanese resistance. And so, 2000 was not only a memory in the minds and hearts of the people with stories told and some others untold. May 25 2000 is a day when the political, military and strategic equations in the Lebanon, the region and the entire world changed.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Palestine (14 – 20 May 2020)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (14 – 20 May 2020)

Posted by PCHR

14 – 20 May 2020

Palestinian killed in Hebron for alleged attempt to ram Israeli soldiers with his car

  • 11 Palestinian civilians sustained wounds, including a child, in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
  • 11 shootings reported against agricultural lands and 4 times at Palestinian fishing boats in eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 72 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 66 civilians arrested, including 7 children and 2; 1 limited incursion into eastern Gaza
  • 2 houses and residential barracks demolished; and 8 cease-construction notices distributed to 8 houses, and confiscation of lands in the West Bank
  • Settlers attacks in the West Bank: Palestinian child stabbed, 3 civilians assaulted; 70 olive trees cut, and lands razed.
  • IOF established 69 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 17 Palestinians on said checkpoints

Summary

 This week, IOF killed a Palestinian man alleging that he rammed soldiers with his car in Hebron; and continued its attacks on Yabad village, arresting civilians in a manifestation of the Israeli collective punishment policy. Furthermore, this week witnessed increased settler attack, as settlers stabbed a boy, razed lands and cut olive trees.

This week, PCHR documented 174 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.  The restrictions imposed under the state of emergency have hindered our fieldwork team’s ability to cover all incidents in the oPt and were forced to collect information via phone from trusted local sources. As such, this report is an incomprehensive record of Israeli violations of human rights against Palestinians in the oPt, as IOF continues its attacks against civilians despite the exceptional circumstances that have overcome the whole world in the face of a life-threatening viral pandemic.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: IOF shot and wounded 11 Palestinian civilians in excessive use of force; 2 fishermen at northern Gaza sea; 3 during suppression of civilian protest in Nablus; 3 in occupied East Jerusalem; a child in Hebron and 2 in Jericho and Yabad village in Jenin.

In Gaza, 11 shootings against agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip were reported, as well as 4 shootings during Israeli naval forces chasing of Palestinian fishing boats at Gaza sea.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 72 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 66 Palestinians were arrested, including 7 children and 2 women. IOF maintained its collective punishment practices in Yabad village, southwest of Jenin, conducting 7 raids and arresting 12 civilians, including a mother and her daughter who were arrested twice.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Buraij refugee camp, central Gaza Strip.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 7 violations, including: scheme to confiscate dozens of dunums of Palestinians’ agricultural lands, southwest of Jenin, for the expansion of a settlement and establishment of resort for settlers. A barracks was destroyed, a barn and a well in the Jordan Valley; a residential barracks and 3 cattle-raising tents in eastern Ramallah; notice to halt construction at 8 houses and an agricultural room; two houses demolished and an agricultural room in Bethlehem; notice to halt work in an agricultural land in Salfit and a cottage confiscated in Hebron.

PCHR also documented 10 settler attacks: throwing stone and assaulting a civilian, 30 olive trees cut, lands set on fire in Nablus; lands razed in the Jordan Valley; 40 olive trees cut in Bethlehem; Palestinian car sabotaged in Ramallah; child stabbed in eastern Jerusalem; 15 dunums of land razed in Tulkarm; assault on a civilian and his child in Hebron.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 06:00 on Thursday, 14, May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 3 nautical mils). Israeli gunboats also fired a number of artillery shells in the vicinity of the fishing boats. The attack continued until 09:00 on the same day. The attack caused fear among other fishermen who sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on the same Thursday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds. As a result, the shepherds had to leave the area fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:30 on the same Thursday, Israeli soldiers stationed at military checkpoint established at Beit ‘Awa village’s entrance, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron, fired live bullets at a vehicle, claiming that its driver carried out a run-over attack against a soldier, who was near a military watchtower, and wounding him as stated by the Israeli army. the shooting resulted in the injury of the vehicle driver, Baha’a Eden Mohammed Abdullah ‘Awawdah (19) with several live bullets. Israeli authorities declared later the death of Baha’a, who was from Deir Samet village, adjacent to the place of incident, and kept his dead body under their custody. IOF also summoned Baha’s father for investigation in the military watchtower and released him an hour later. IOF did not allow Baha’s father to see his son’s dead body and there was no eyewitnesses to see what really happened at the checkpoint.
  • At approximately 16:30 on the same Thursday, Israeli soldiers stationed along border fence, east of Rafah, opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern al-Shokah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00 on the same Thursday, an Israeli infantry unit moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, deployed between houses and patrolled the streets. A number of Palestinian youngsters gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers. The soldiers chased stone-throwers and indiscriminately fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 16-year-old child was shot with a live bullet in his foot. He was taken to the Governmental Hospital in Hebron. IOF later withdrew from the camp; no arrests or incursions were reported.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Friday, 15 May 2020, IOF reinforced with military vehicles moved into Aqabet Jaber refugee camp, north of Jericho. They raided and searched several houses, 2 of them owned by ‘Ali Na’el Abu al-‘Asal and Yusuf Qatash. Another Israeli force deployed patrolled the camp streets. Dozens of Palestinian young men gathered in the camp streets and threw stones, empty bottles and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli soldiers and the latter responded with rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a 19-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in his foot. Israeli soldiers continued chasing the young men and heavily attacked 3 young men namely: Fathi Mohammed Mo’aiqel, Mohammed Nader Qatash, and Mohammed Hamidat. As a result, the 3 young men sustained minor wounds and they received medical treatment on the field. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 05:30, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip chased and opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 3 nautical miles). IOF also fired live and rubber bullets at a fishing boat. As a result, 2 fishermen, from al-Shati refugee camp, west of Gaza City, namely:
  1. Ahmed Mousa Ramadan Abu ‘Amirah (24), was shot with a rubber bullet in his head; and
  2. Nidal Mousa Ramadan Abu ‘Amirah (38), was shot with several rubber bullets.

Furthermore, the fishing boat’s engine sustained partial damage and 11 fishing nets were lost and damaged.

Fisherman, Nidal Mousa Ramadan Abu ‘Amirah, said to PCHR’s fieldworker: ” At approximately 04:30, my brother Ahmed, my son Mohamed and I headed to the sea in northwest of Beit Lahia for fishing. We sailed at 3 nautical miles (the allowed fishing area). At approximately 05:30, an Israeli gunboat approached us and Israeli naval forces fired live and rubber bullets at us. As a result, my brother Ahmed  sustained a rubber bullet wounds in his head and fainted on the boat board. Also, the fishing boat’s engines sustained damage and stopped working. The Israeli naval forces approached our boat again and damaged a 600-meter-long fishing nets. Fifteen minutes later, a Palestinian fishing boat approached us and helped my bother Ahmed while another fishing boat tied our broken boat and tried to pull it to a safe area. During which, Israeli naval forces targeted our boat again and I sustained metal balls wounds in my left foot and hand. Despite the extreme danger, the fishermen were able to pull us to a safe area. After that, my brother Ahmed was taken to al-Shifa Hospital, where his injuries were classified as moderate.”

  • At approximately 07:40 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah opened fire at Palestinian shepherds. As a result, the shepherds had to leave the area fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00 on the same Friday, on the anniversary of the Nakba Day, a peaceful protest took part from the center of al-Sawiyah village, southeast of Nablus into lands threatened to be confiscated in al-Wad area, north  of al-Sawiyah village, adjacent to Rahalim settlement. The participants raised Palestinian flags, carried a number of olives seedlings to implant them instead of the trees that were uprooted a month ago. The participants were surprised with IOF that deployed in the area and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters to disperse the participants. As a result, 3 Palestinian civilians were wounded. They were taken to the Governmental Hospital in Nablus for medical treatment. The wounded civilians were identified as:
  1. A 54-year-old civilian, from al-Sawiyah village, sustained burns in his hand and bruises throughout his body due to the explosion of a sound bomb;
  2. A 37-year-old  civilian, from Tamoun village, southeast of Tubas, was shot with a rubber bullet in his head; and
  3. A 40-year-old civilian, from al-Sawiyah village, southeast of Nablus, sustained a fracture in his left hand sue to the explosion of a sound bomb.

Furthermore, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas canisters.

  • At approximately 20:00 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers fired several flare bombs in the vicinity of Kherbat Mnaizel, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. As a result, winter cereal crops in a two-donum land belonging to Rashid family caught fire.
  • At approximately 22:30 on the same Friday, a number of Palestinian young men and children protested near an Israeli military border point in al-Jabal area in the center of  Abu Dese village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. The protestors threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli vehicles. As a result, one of the military vehicles caught fire. An Israeli force immediately raided the village, and heavily fired live ammunition and tear gas canisters at the civilians and clashed with them in the area. As a result, 3 civilians were shot with  live bullets in their lower extremities and they were identified as:
  1. Ahmed Abdullah Saleh Khanafsah, was shot with an explosive live bullet  in his hand;
  2. Mohaned Mohammed Jamal al-Kahtib was shot with several live bullets in his thigh; and
  3. Awwad Ali Younis Halabiyah was shot with a live bullet in his thigh. Eyewitnesses said that IOF established a military checkpoint near al-Izariyah village’s entrance, east of occupied Jerusalem. They stopped an ambulance belonging to Palestine Red crescent Society (PPCS) that was transferring 3 of the wounded civilians and deliberately delayed it for 20 minutes before allowing it to move after the wounded civilians’ ID cards were photographed.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Saturday, 16 May 2020, IOF moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed adjacent to UNRWA distribution center. A number of Palestinian young men gathered in the area and threw stones at Israeli armored military vehicles. The soldiers also chased stone-throwers and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of stone throwers suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. No incursions were reported.
  • At approximately 01:25 on the same Saturday, IOF patrolling on Nablus-Ramallah Street, near Beta village’s square, southeast of Nablus, indiscriminately opened fire at a Palestinian civilian riding a motorcycle at the entrance of the abovementioned village. IOF also chased the civilians and arrested him after he fall from his motorcycle taking him to an unknown destination. The arrestee was identified later as: Qais Jihad Helal al-Jaghoub (19), from Beta village.
  • At approximately 08:00 on the same Saturday, 16 May 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:15 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 20:45 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Gaza Valley (Johur al-Deek), southeast of Gaza city, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00 on Sunday, 17 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest if Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). Israeli gunboats also fired a number of flare bombs in the vicinity of the fishing boats. As a result, fishermen panicked and sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:35 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:40 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence. East of al-Maghazi in central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:00 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:20 on Monday, 18 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest if Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:35 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 19:00 on the same Saturday, IOF moved into Aqabet Jaber refugee camp, north of Jericho. They raided and searched a house belonging to Sheikh Shaker Omarah (60), leader at Hamas Movement, and arrested him. When IOF withdrew, clashes erupted between them and Palestinian young men at the camp’s entrance. Israeli heavily soldiers fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 22:00 on Wednesday, 20 May 2020, an artillery shell fired by the Israeli occupation forces stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip, in addition to flare bombs at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.

Continued Attacks on Yabad Village:

IOF continue to attack Yabad village, southwest of Jenin, since Tuesday , 12 May 2020, after an Israeli soldier was killed after being hit with a stone from one of the rooftops. IOF conducted demolitions, arrests and assaults on civilians, closing main and sub-roads with sand berms and cement cubes; and heavily opened fire amidst collective punishment’s tight measures.

In addition to last week’s attacks documented in last week’s report, PCHR documented the following:

  • On Thursday morning, 14 May 2020, IOF raided and searched a number of houses in Yabud village, southwest of Jenin. they arrested 4 civilians, including a child, namely: Khalid Rebhi Mohammed Abu Baker (13), Ala’a Adnan Abu Baker (25), Mohammed Jihad Helmi Abu Baker (22), and Yusuf Qais Amarnah (28).
  • A number of civilians gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at military vehicles stationed in the village. IOF fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 26-year-old civilian was shot with a live bullet in the foot. He was taken to Dr. Kahlil Suleiman Hospital for medical treatment and his injuries were classified as moderate. Furthermore, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • On Friday morning, 15 May 2020, IOF raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 civilians, including a female and her child, who were arrested on Tuesday, 12 May 2020, from their house and released on the same day. The arrestees were identified as Suheilah Mohammed Abu Baker (42), her child Iman Nathmi Abu Baker (12), and Bara’a Bassam al-Sheikh Khalil (19). IOF released Suheilah and her child in the same day evening after they were questioned for several hours.
  • At approximately 06:00 on the same Friday, IOF raided and searched a house belonging to Adnan Yaseen Hamarshah, who suffer an impaired disability, in Yabud village. IOF maltreated the house residents and heavily attacked them by beating them.

According to information received by PCHR from Hamarshah family, IOF reinforced with about 30 to 40 soldiers raided and searched a house owned by Adnan Yaseen Hamarshah (55) in al-Bayarah neighborhood, east of the abovementioned village. The soldiers broke the house’s main door blowing it up and provoked the residents and shouted at them. The soldiers also separated men and women, each in a room. Adnan Hamarhsha, the house owner and a former prisoner and his sons, Anas (20) and Omer (28), who are also former prisoners. Omer has been out of the prison for 2 weeks along with their uncle. The soldiers questioned Anas at the beginning while heavily beaten him as an inspector attempted to strangulate him more than once, which provoked his father, Adnan. Adnan asked the soldiers: why do you act like this” in Jewish language. Israeli soldiers suddenly beaten Adnan with their legs and hands, legs and the rifles’  butt until he bled from his head and fell from his wheelchair into the ground. Adnan’s brother  attempted to help  him, but the soldiers attacked him by heavily beating him. The soldiers withdrew later from the house without offering first aid for Adnan. Palestinian ambulances arrived at the village, and offered first aid for Adnan. He was taken to Dr. Khalil Suleiman Hospital in Jenin for medical treatment. Doctors found out that a large cut in his head that needed 35  stitches.

  • At approximately 10:00 on the same Saturday, 16 May 2020, IOF raided and searched a number of houses in the abovementioned houses. They arrested 3 civilians, including a female and her daughter, who were arrested for the third time, namely: Suheilah Mohammed Abu Baker (42), her daughter Iman Nathmi Mahmoud Abu Baker (12) and Rabah Turkman (19). IOF questioned the detainees and released them later.
  • On Sunday morning, 17 May 2020, IOF raided and searched several houses and arrested Mojahid Majd Amarnah (20) and Nidal Ya’qoub Nafi’at (31).
  • At approximately 03:30 on Tuesday, 19 May 2020, IOF moved into Yabad village, southeast of Jenin. they raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mohammed Qais Amarnah (25) and Abdullah Abdul Rahim Abu Baker (23) and arrested them.
  1. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 14 May 2020:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Shwaika suburb, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Bader Ahmed al-‘Areed’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF stationed at the eastern entrance of Qalqilya, arrested Mohammed Bashar Ju’aidi (40), from Qalqilya. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed at the western entrance of Ezbit al-Tabib, east of Qalqilya, arrested Majdi Majed Hasan Qur’an. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF stationed on a temporary military checkpoint near Arraba, southwest of Jenin, arrested Tha’er Fathi Amarna (32) and Alaa’ Subhi Ali Abu Baker (25), from Ya’bod, southwest of Jenin governorate. IOF took them to unknown destinations.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF stationed at the entrance of Kafr Qadoum village, north of Qalqilya, arrested Aqel Ramzi Aqel (21) and Mousa Abdul Latif Ali (17) and released them later.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint established on the western entrance of Taqoua’ village, east of Bethlehem, arrested Yousef Ali Thawabtah (16) and Mohammed Ra’fat Dereyah (16). IOF took them to unknown destinations.

Friday, 15 May 2020:

  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Obaid village, west of al-Issaweya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Akram Fadi Ali Mustafa (18) and Adnan Obaid (23), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 17:10, , IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Bita village, on Nablus Ramallah street, southeast of Nablus governorate, arrested three civilians and confiscated their private vehicle. IOF took the arrestees to unknown destinations, the arrestees are: Bashar Abdul Karim Mer’ai (30), Islam Hamed al-Jaghoub (25), from Beita village, and Karam Azzam Tayeh (26), from Araq al-Tayeh northwest of Nablus. It should be noted that all of the abovementioned arrestees were former prisoners in the Israeli prisons.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Deir Sharaf and Sebastya in Nablus; al-Shoyoukh and Tarqoumya in Hebron governorate; Badros and al-Mughayar villages in Ramallah. no arrests were reported.

Saturday, 16 May 2020:

  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied east Jerusalem. They raided and searched Majd Salah Derbas’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Aseera al-Shamaleya, northwest of Nablus governorate; al-Laban al-Sharkeya and Ainabous villages southwest of Nablus governorate, and al-Beira. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 17 May 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron Governorate. They raided and searched Eyad Ayman Fayez Abu Alian’s (44) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in al-Salam neighborhood. They raided and searched Motaz Theeb al-Owaiwi’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummer, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Ahmed Abu Maria’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Waleed Hein Mizyen’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Beit Fujjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ammar Mahmoud Thawabta’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 21:50, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on al-Bathan road between Nablus and Tubas, on the northern entrance of Nablus governorate, arrested Omar Abdullah Munya (25), from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus.
  • In the evening hours, The Israeli Minister of Internal Security issued a decision to close “Volunteer for Hope Institution” for 6 months, in charge of working for the PA in Jerusalem, and arrested its director. Ahmed Jalajel, the public information officer of the institution, said that the Israeli intelligence Services stormed the institution office in Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem, and handed them the closure decision which was signed by the Internal Security Minister. Jalajel added that the closure decision is in breach of an agreement law application in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, through implementing activities and work for the PA in Jerusalem. Jalajel confirmed that the institution is providing help for youth, children, women, marginal families, and persons with disabilities for 2 years. The Lawyer Khaldoun Najem said that the Israeli Authorities arrested the director of the institution, Silvia Abu Laban, and took her to al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem for investigation.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Jabara village, south of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 18 May 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF stationed near “Bawabat al-Madrasa” east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip. Dozens of soldiers moved out of the border fence to repair the barbed wire along the border fence.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hadab al-Fawwar village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Wa’d Jamal al-Badawi (19) and Mus’ab Ayed Asfour (22).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Naseem Tayseer al-Titi’s (17) house and took him to where the military vehicles were located. Around the same time, IOF moved into Adam Mohammed Tafesh’s (22) house, and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem. At approximately 04:00, IOF withdrew from the refugee camp along with the arrested child.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hindaza village, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Abbas Shihada al-Ta’mari’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Obaid’s house, they severely beaten and arrested his two sons; Mahmoud (22) and Abdullah (18).
  • At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into al-Tawr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Khaled Abu al-Hawa’s house and arrested his two sons: Ahmed (19) and Yousef (18).
  • At approximately 04:35, IOF moved into Misleya village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested: Ahmed Nabeeh Abu al-Rab (25) and Talal Naser Turkman (22).
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the house of the former prisoner Huthaifa Bader Halabeya’s (34) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Huthaifa was released from the Israeli prisons 5-months ago after his hunger-strike for 67-days as a denial of being administratively detained.
  • In evening hours, IOF stationed at al-Karama crossing between the West Bank and Jordan, arrested Mohammed Ameen Abu Daqqa (22), who’s suffering a kidney cancer, Mohammed is a father of two sons living in Abasan, east of Khan Younis. He was arrested while he was in his way back to the Gaza Strip after receiving treatment in Jordan hospitals for several months.

Abu Daqqa’s brother said to PCHR’s fieldworker that Mohammed left the Gaza Strip through Rafah border crossing to Jordan 9-months ago for treatment. Mohammed was not able to return from Rafah border crossing due to the flight restrictions of the Coronavirus pandemic, so he stayed in Jordan until he got a permit to return to Gaza through al-Karama crossing. He added that his family received a phone call from the Israeli Intelligence Services to inform them that Mohammed was arrested and referred to al-Majdal prison.

  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Kferit village, southwest of Jenin, Talouza, Sebastya in Nablus, and Far’oun village, south of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Thursday, 19 May 2020:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into several neighborhoods in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and handed Hisham Mohammed al-Bashiti (19) and Nidal Bader al-Zughayar (47) summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services. Furthermore, IOF arrested (5) civilians claiming that they were present at the reception of the former prisoner and the activist Nihad Bader Zughayar (42), who was released in 17 May, and banned from entering Jerusalem for 2 weeks. The arrestees are: Ra’ed Bader Zughayar (45), Adham Anwar al-Za’tary (19), Abdullah al-Joulani (19), Mohammed Ahmed al-Joulani (23), and Ahmed Abdullah Abu Ghazalah (51).

It should be noted that IOF released them at approximately 17:00, on bail of (500 NIS) for each and under house arrest until next Friday.

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ali Eyad Jaber’s (18) house and took him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed on the military watchtower established on the main entrance of al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah, arrested Mohammed Khaled Hamada, Ameer Abu Owda, Yazan Abu Owda, and Mohammed Amjad Safi, from al-Jalazoun refugee camp. They were arrested while they were cutting the street adjacent to the military watchtower. IOF took them for investigation inside the watch tower, and released them later.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Deir Samit village, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Baha’ al-Dein Mohammed al-Awawda’s (19) house, who was killed after the IOF shooting him dead on Thursday, 14 May 2020. IOF detained the family in one room and searched the house precisely, then they released and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Thawri neighborhood, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Yehya Mousa al-Daqqaq’s house and arrested his son Mohammed (24), and handed his son Mousa (27) a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Dura al-Qar’a, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Hasan Yaseen Hamdan’s (26) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Hamdan is a former prisoner.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Nassar (32) and Qais (22) al-Barghouthi’s houses and arrested them.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into al-Obaideya village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Qutaiba Mahmoud Khalifa’s (19) hous, while he was out of the house, and arrested his father for several hours to put pressure on Qutaiba to surrender himself. After two hours, Qutaiba surrendered and his father was released.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF arrested Hamza Nimir (41), the guard of al-Aqsa Mosque, while he was inside the mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to one of the investigation centers in the city and released him after several hours.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF arrested Abdullah Waleed Syam (26), after severely beaten him in al-Wad street in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF arrested Ahmed Jawdat al-Shawish (27), while he was present near al-Asbat (Lion’s Gate) one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s gates), after severely beaten him and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Munir Salah al-Basti’s (25) house and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 21:30, IOF moved into al-Tawr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Oday Fadi bu Jum’a’s (16) house and arrested him. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

Wednesday, 20 May 2020:

  • IOF carried out two incursions in al-Fawwar refugee camp and Karza village in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities
  • On Thursday, 14 May 2020, settlements council in northern West Bank declared a plan to confiscate and seize dozens of Palestinians’ agricultural dunums, southwest of Jenin, in favor of expanding a settlement and building a resort for settlers. Based on a statement by the council, it is planning to build a recreation resort on a 37-dunum area near Reihan Settlement, west of Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. The project has been approved by the council’s chairman Yossi Dagan.
  • At approximately 11:00 on the same day, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet Ras al-Ahmar in northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas. The military construction vehicles demolished a barrack, a sheep barn and an artesian water well, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. The IOF’s attacks were as follows:
  1. Saqer ‘Izzat Bani ‘Odah’s 50-square-meter barrack was demolished.
  2.  Suliman Jameel Suliman Bani ‘Odah’s 200-square-meter sheep barn was demolished.
  3. Mowafaq Fakhri Daraghmah’s artesian water well was demolished.

IOF also confiscated 25 water pipes; each one is 8 meters long.

  • At approximately 12:20 on Thursday, 15 May 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Mo’arajat area, south of al-Taiba village in eastern Ramallah. The military construction vehicles demolished a 160-square-meter residential barrack built of tin plates and steel columns, under the pretext of non-licensing. The barrack was sheltering 8 members, including 3 children. IOF also demolished 3 tents used for breeding livestock and confiscated them, under the pretext of non -licensing in Area C. The demolished barrack and tents belong to ‘Eid Fazza’ Ka’abna.
  • On the same day, Israeli authorities notified 8 under-construction houses and 2 agricultural rooms in Nahaleen village, west of Bethlehem, to stop construction works in them, under the pretext of non-licensing. Nahaleen Municipality Mayor, Subhi Zidan, said that the notified houses are located in Khelet al-‘Adas, Tayel and Wadi Salem areas. Among those notified facilities were: Mo’taz Hasan Najajrah’s under-construction house and Mousa Hasan Ghayada and Mohamed Jameel Fanoun’s agricultural rooms. Zidan clarified that Nahaleen village is exposed to a settlement attack, especially during the emergency state to combat coronavirus. The latest of these attacks was the notification of 8 houses, a park and retaining walls in Bakoush area 3 days ago to expand “Gush Etizaon” settlement’s boundaries. Zidan added that there is a settlement institution called “Regavim” that posted a video on its social media pages, saying: “It is following the urban expansion of the Palestinians, and this hinders the annexation plan and other plans that will be conducted in the area.”
  • At approximately 17:00 on Friday, IOF moved into Qattan al-Jami’ area in Dirsitiyia village, north of Salfit. IOF handed Hussain ‘Abed al-Raheem Zaidan a notice to stop cultivating his land, under the pretext of working in Area C and working in an area belongs to “Yakir” settlement. IOF gave Zidan 30 days to remove all plants and return the land to its previous status and ordered him to pay the plants removal’s cost. Zidan said that:” we were returning from Ramllah after spending a holiday and heading to our house in Dirsitiyia village. When we arrived at our house, we saw vehicles entered Qattan al-Jami’ land. I drove my car and headed there to see what happens. Meanwhile, a person, from Qarawet Bani Hassan area, phoned me and informed me that the Israeli Civil Administration officers found him near my plot of land and handed him a notice to remove 80 plants within a month or an Israeli force will do so and I will pay all costs.”
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 18 May 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Beit ‘Aynoun village in northern Hebron. IOF were deployed in the eastern neighborhood of the village while Israeli Civil Administration officers confiscated Hisham Mohamed ‘Eida’s 15-square-meter mobile wooden hut, under the pretext of construction in Area C. It should be noted that Israeli authorities seized ‘Eida family lands 4 years ago and established a mobile settlement outpost on them, overlooking “Kiryat ‘Arba’” settlement.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF demolished 2 houses and an agricultural shed in al-al-Walajah village in western Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Mohamed Harbi Abu Sdoud said that IOF moved into Nab’iet al-Hadafa area and demolished his 50-square-meter house comprised of 2 rooms and their facilities, in addition to his uncle Fakhri ‘Abdullah Abu al-Sdoud’s 80-square-meter-house comprised of 2 stories. It should be noted that IOF demolished Fayiz ‘Abed Rabu’s 80-square-meter agricultural shed.

Israeli Settler Violence

  • At approximately 22:00 on Thursday, 14 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Ytizhar” settlement, which is established on Nablus south-eastern village, hide on a hill adjacent to Yatizah bypass road and threw stones at Palestinians’ vehicles passing on the road. No injuries among Palestinians were reported.
  • On Friday, 15 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from a settlement outpost established on Palestinians’ lands in Abu Qandoul area in northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas, leveled Palestinians lands in the area, connected a 4 km underground water line and placed a water tank on Palestinians’ lands.
  • On Saturday, 16 May 2020, settlers cut dozens of olive trees in Nahaleen village, west of Bethlehem. Deputy of Nahaleen Municipality Mayor, Hani Fanoun, said that settlers, from “Jaf’out” settlement, which is established on Bethlehem southern lands, cut 40 olive trees in Wadi Jamjoum area. These trees belong to the siblings Na’iem, Taha and Yousef ‘Abed al-Rahman Fanoun and Mohamed Yousef Fanoun. It should be noted that Nahaleen village is lately exposed to a settlement attack as many inhabited and under-construction houses, retaining walls, and other facilities were notified.
  • At approximately 14:30 on the same day, Israeli settlers, from “Ytizhar” settlement, which is established on Nablus south-eastern lands, attacked Eyad Fawzi Hasan Hussain (41), from ‘Einabous village, while he was present in the outskirts of the village from the northern side. As a result, Hussain sustained bruises and wounds throughout his body and taken to Rafida Hospital for treatment.
  • At approximately 17:00 on Saturday, 16 May 2020, Mohamed Baseem Mohamed Mostafa Najjar, from Yatma village, southeast of Nablus, found that 30 olive trees were cut and their twigs were broken in his plot of land in Jabal Subaieh area. It should be noted that Jabal Subaieh area is threatened to be confiscated for settlement purposes, and this attack was carried out by the settlers.
  • At approximately 19:20 on Sunday, 17 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from “‘Adi ‘Ad” settlement, which is established in al-Seder Ras al-Shiekh area, northeast of Ramallah, damaged Yazan Faisal ‘Abed al-Kareem Dawabsha (25)’s vehicle. Dawabsah is a dentist from Doma village, southeast of Nablus.
  • At approximately 23:00, an Israeli setter stabbed Mohamed Fadi al-Natsha (17) with a knife while the latter walking on al-Mosrarah street, adjacent to Bab al-‘Amoud area in the central occupied East Jerusalem. As a result, al-Natsha sustained moderate wounds in his neck and received treatment at Hadasa Hospital in West Jerusalem. Based on a statement by the Israeli police, IOF arrested the attacker. Al-Natsha stated that while he was heading to meet his friend on al-Mosrarah street, an Israeli settler chased him and asked him to talk with him several times, but he did not respond and complete walking. He added: ” the settler cursed me, so I stopped to know what he wants. Meanwhile, he pulled me, got his knife out, stabbed me in my neck, and flee”. Al-Natsha said:  I  suffocated and became unable to breathe. I then headed to my friends who were few meters away and told them about what happened with me. We went to a police patrol present in the area and told them about the incident details. They phoned an ambulance, which arrived half an hour later.”
  • At approximately 08:00 on Monday, 18 May 2020, an Israeli settler, under IOF’s protection, leveled 15 dunums planted with olive trees in an area located between ‘Izbet Shofa and Kafa, southeast of Tulkarm, under the pretext of belonging to ” Avni Haivets” settlement, which is established western of the mentioned villages. The land is owned by the heirs of Ahmad ‘Aref and Hamid family, from Shufa and Kafa villages.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Monday, 18 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Ramati Yashai” settlement outpost, which is established on the Palestinian confiscated lands in Tal al-Rimitha neighborhood in central Hebron, attacked Tayseer Hamed Abu ‘Isha, who lives in the settlement outpost. The settlers beat and spat on Abu ‘Isha while he was returning to his house with his son Hitham, noting that IOF were in the area and did not intervene or stop them.
  • At approximately 19:30 on Tuesday, 19 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Rehlim” settlement, which is established on al-Sawiyia village lands in the northern side, southeast of Nablus, burned dozens of Palestinians’ dunums planted with olive trees and wheat in al-Wad area. The Palestinians managed to extinguish the fire later.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods
  • West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 69 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 17 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Tuesday, 19 May 2020, IOF established dozens of temporary checkpoints near occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and inside it. They denied Palestinian worshipers’ access to the city, except for its residents, and prevented them from reviving “Laylat al-Qadr“, a holy night  which coincides with the 27th night of Ramadan at the Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 15 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at al-Tiba village intersection and on a road connecting between Shaqbiyia and Qibiyia villages, northwest of Ramallah.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 14 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints near al-Nashash area and at the entrances to Janata and Taqou’a villages, east of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 15 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints near al-Nashash area and at the entrances to Beit Jala and Beit Fajjar villages.
  • On Saturday, 09 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 14 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Samou’a and al-Dahiriyia village.
  • On Friday, 15 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Hebron, at the entrance to Ethna village and on ‘Oyoun Abu Saif road.
  • On Sunday, 17 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Shayyoukh village and at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Monday, 18 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Ethna and Beit ‘Awaa villages and at the southern entrance to Hebron.
  • On Wednesday, 20 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Hebron and at the entrance to al-Dahiriyia village.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 14 May 2020, IOF closed Surra gate at the southwestern entrance to Nablus, and Madama gate at the southern entrance to the city.
  • On Friday, 15 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint between Madama and ‘Oreef villages, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Saturday, 16 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection of al-Moraba’a village and at the entrance to ‘Orta village, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 17 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of al-Moraba’a village at the southern entrance to Nablus.
  • On Monday, 18 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at Ytizhar intersection at the south-eastern entrance to Nablus, and at al-Moraba’a intersection at the southern entrance to Nablus.
  • On Tuesday, 19 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Asira al-Shamaliyia village, at the northern entrance to Nablus.

Tulkarm:

  • On Saturday, 16 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to ‘Anbata and ‘Izbet Shofa villages.

Salfit:

  • On Saturday, 16 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Kaful Hares and Merda villages, north of the city.
  • On Sunday, 17 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Kaful Hares village, north of the city.

Qalqiliyia:

  • On Sunday, 17 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Jenisafout and ‘Azoun villages, and between al-Nabi Iyyas and Jayyous villages, east of Qalqiliyia.

20 YEARS AFTER THE UNCONDITIONAL ISRAELI WITHDRAWAL FROM LEBANON: WHAT HAS BEEN ACHIEVED? (1)

Posted on  by Elijah J Magnier

A woman mocking an Israeli tank left behind when withdrawing from south of Lebanon in the year 2000, using its cannon as a hanger to dry cloths. Photo by @YounesZaatari

By Elijah J. Magnier: @ejmalrai

We were Hezbollah trainers. It is an organisation that learns quickly. The Hezbollah we met at the beginning (1982) is different from the one we left behind in 2000”. This is what the former Chief of Staff and former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Gabi Ashkenazi, said twenty years after the Israeli unconditional withdrawal from Lebanon.

For the first time we met a non-conventional army, but also an ideological organisation with deep faith: and this faith triumphed over us. We were more powerful, more technologically advanced and better armed but not possessing the fighting spirit …They were stronger than us”. This is what Brigadier General Effi Eitam, Commander of the 91st Division in counter-guerrilla operation in south Lebanon said. 

Alon Ben-David, senior defence correspondent for Israel’s Channel 13, specialised in defence and military issues, said: “Hezbollah stood up and defeated the powerful Israeli Army”.

Former Prime Minister Ehud Barak, the architect of the Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon, said: “The withdrawal didn’t go as planned. The deterrence of Hezbollah and its capability increased greatly. We withdrew from a nightmare”. Barak meant he had planned to leave behind him a buffer zone under the control of his Israeli proxies led by the “South Lebanon Army” (SLA) commander Antoine Lahad. However, his plans were dismantled and the resistance forced Lahad’s men to run towards the borders, freeing the occupied buffer zone. As they left Lebanon, the Israeli soldiers said: “Thank God we are leaving: no one in Israel wants to return”.

Israeli soldiers are happy to leave Lebanon in the year 2000.

In 1982, Israel believed the time had come to invade Lebanon and force it to sign a peace agreement after eliminating the various Palestinian organisations. These groups had deviated from the Palestinian compass and had become embroiled in sectarian conflict with the Lebanese Phalange, believing that “the road to Jerusalem passed through Jounieh” (the Maronite stronghold on Mt. Lebanon, northwest of Beirut, a slogan used by Abu Iyad). Israel intended Lebanon to become the domicile of its Palestinian conflict. It failed to realise that in so doing it was letting the Shiite genie out of the bottle. Signs of this genie began to appear after the arrival of Sayyed Musa al-Sadr in Lebanon and the return of students of Sayyed Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr from Najaf to their home country and residency in the Lebanese Bekaa. Also, the victory of Imam Khomeini and the “Islamic revolution” in Iran in 1979 was not taken into consideration by Israel, and the potential consequences for the Lebanese Shia were overlooked.

The 1982 Israeli invasion triggered the emergence of the “Islamic resistance in Lebanon”, which later became known as “Hezbollah”, and it forced Israel to leave Lebanon unconditionally in 2000. This made Lebanon the first country to humiliate the Israeli army. Following their victory over the Arabs in 1949, 1956, 1967 and 1973, Israeli officials had come to believe they could occupy any Arab country “with a brass band”.

Israeli soldiers exited through the “Fatima Gate” (on the Lebanese border, also known as Good Fence, HaGader HaTova) under the watchful eyes of Suzanne Goldenberg on the other side of the border. She wrote: “After two decades and the loss of more than 1000 men, the chaotic Israeli withdrawal from southern Lebanon leaves its northern flank dangerously exposed, with Hezbollah guerrillas sitting directly on its border. The scale of the Israeli fiasco was beginning to unfold… After the Israelis pulled out of Bint Jubayl in the middle of the night, their SLA allies, already in a state of collapse in the centre of the strip, simply gave up. Branded collaborators, they and their families headed for exile. Behind them, they left tanks and other heavy equipment donated by their patrons. Shlomo Hayun, an Israeli farmer who lives on Shaar Yeshuv farm, said of the withdrawal, “This was the first time I have been ashamed to be Israeli. It was chaotic and disorganised.”

Israeli withdrawal (2000) crossing Fatima Gate.

What did Israel and its allies in the Middle East achieve?

In 1978, Israel occupied a part of southern Lebanon and in 1982, for the first time, it occupied an Arab capital, Beirut. During its presence as an occupation force, Israel was responsible for several massacres amounting to war crimes. In 1992, Israel thought that it could strike a death blow to Hezbollah by assassinating its leader, Sayyed Abbas Al-Mousawi. He was replaced by his student, the charismatic leader, Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah. Nasrallah has proved to be more truthful than the Israeli leaders, and thus capable of affecting the Israeli public through his speeches, as Israeli colonel Ronen, chief Intelligence officer for the Central Command of Israel Defence Forces, has said.

The new Hezbollah leader showed his potential for standing up to and confronting Israel through TV appearances. He mastered the psychological aspects of warfare, just as he mastered the art of guerrilla war. He leads a non-conventional but organised army of militants “stronger than several armies in the Middle East,” according to Lieutenant General Gadi Eisenkot, the former Israeli Chief of Staff. 

The Israeli doctrine relies on the principle of pre-emptively striking what is considered as a potential threat, in order to extinguish it in its cradle. Israel first annexed Jerusalem by declaring it in 1980 an integral part of the so-called “capital of the state of Israel”. In June 1981, it attacked and destroyed the Iraqi nuclear reactor that France had helped build. In 2007, Israel struck a building in Deir Ezzor, Syria, before it was completed, claiming that the government had been building a nuclear reactor.

6 years after its withdrawal, Israel declared war on Lebanon in 2006, with the aim of eradicating Hezbollah from the south and destroying its military capacity. Avi Kober, a member of the department of political studies at Bar Ilan University and researcher at the Israeli BESA centre said: “The war was conducted under unprecedented and favourable conditions the like which Israel has never enjoyed – internal consensus, broad international support (including tacit support on the part of moderate Arab States), and a sense of having almost unlimited time to achieve the war objectives. The IDF’s performance during this war was unsatisfactory, reflecting flawed military conceptions and poor professionalism and generalship. Not only the IDF fail in achieving battlefield decision against Hezbollah, that is, denying the enemy’s ability to carry on the fight, despite some tactical achievements, throughout the war, it played into Hizballah’s hands.”

“Soon we shall pray in Jerusalem” (Portray Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah).

Israel withdrew from the battle without achieving its goals: it was surprised by Hezbollah’s military equipment and fighting capabilities. Hezbollah had managed to hide its advanced weapons from the eyes of Israeli intelligence and its allies, who are present in every country including Lebanon. The result was 121 Israeli soldiers killed, 2,000 wounded, and the pride of the Israeli army and industry destroyed in the Merkava Cemetery in southern Lebanon where the Israeli advance into Wadi al-Hujeir was thwarted. 

Hezbollah hit the most advanced class Israeli destroyer, the INS Spear saar-5, opposite the Lebanese coast. In the last 72 hours of the war, Israel fired 2.7 million bomblets, or cluster bombs, to cause long-term pain for Lebanon’s population, either through impeding their return or disrupting cultivation and harvest once they did return. “An unjustified degree of vindictiveness and an effort to punish the population as a whole”, said the report of the UN commission of inquiry conducted in November 2006 (Arkin M. W. (2007), Divining Victory: Airpower in the 2006 Israel-Hezbollah War, Air University Press, Alabama, pp 67-71).

The battle ended, Israel withdrew again, closed the doors behind its army, raised a fence on the Lebanese borders, and installed electronic devices and cameras to prevent any possible Hezbollah crossing into Palestine.

When Israel’s chief of staff Gabi Ashkenazi said “Israel instructed Hezbollah in the art of war”, he was right. Hezbollah has learned from the wars that Israel has waged over the years. In every war, Hezbollah saw the necessity of developing its weapons and training to match and overcome the Israeli army (which is outnumbered) and which enjoys the tacit support of Middle Eastern regimes and the most powerful western countries. Hezbollah developed its special forces’ training and armed itself with precision missiles to impose new rules of engagement, posing a real threat to the continuity of the permanent Israeli violations of Lebanon’s sovereignty.

Today, Hezbollah has sophisticated weapons, including the armed drones that it used in Syria in its war against the Takfirists, and precision missiles that can reach every region, city and airport in Israel. It has anti-ship missiles to neutralize the Israeli navy in any future attack or war on Lebanon and to hit any harbour or oil platform. It is also equipped with missiles that prevent helicopters from being involved in any future battle. The balance of deterrence has been achieved. Hezbollah can take Israel back to the Stone Age just as easily as Israel envisages returning Lebanon to the Stone Age.

Hezbollah is Israel’s worse nightmare, and it was largely created by the Israeli attempt to overthrow the regime in Lebanon, occupy Lebanon, and impose an agreement that Israel could then mould to its own liking. But the tables were turned: a very small force emerged in Lebanon to become a regional power whose powerful support was then extended to the neighbouring countries of Syria and Iraq. The harvest journey has begun.

Proofread by:  Maurice Brasher and C.G.B.

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PCHR: Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (07 – 13 May 2020)

Source

Israeli forces continued to violate Palestinians’ human rights and commit crimes against civilians and their properties, conducting raids into Palestinian cities without regard to the state of emergency declared across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) since 06 March 2020, in the efforts put forward to combat the spread of coronavirus. Military raids are conducted without proper attention to prevention and safety standards to mitigate the risk of transmitting coronavirus to Palestinian territory, as the virus is widespread throughout Israel. PCHR’s concerns over Israeli raids still stand, as those raids undermine preventive measures adopted by the government.

Meanwhile, settlers backed up by Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) continued to seize more civilian property and attack civilians and their property. This week, Israeli forces launched an arrest campaign against prominent Palestinian figures who work for the Palestinian Authority (PA), in a continuation of Israeli systematic efforts to combat the presence and work of the PA in occupied East Jerusalem. PCHR reiterates its concern over the Israeli occupation’s policy of banning any preventive measures by the Palestinian Authority in occupied East Jerusalem, especially that Israel has adopted lenient measures in the city despite its responsibility for it under international law as an occupying power.

This week, the Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) documented 168 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. The restrictions imposed under the state of emergency have hindered our fieldwork team’s ability to cover all incidents in the oPt and were forced to collect information via phone from trusted local sources. As such, this report is an in-comprehensive record of Israeli violations of human rights against Palestinians in the oPt, as IOF continues its attacks against civilians despite the exceptional circumstances that have overcome the whole world in the face of a life-threatening viral pandemic.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: IOF killed Zaid Qaisiya (16) early on Wednesday, 13 May 2020; and wounded 24 Palestinian civilians, including 4 children, in excessive use of force in both the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. The child was killed after he was shot with a live bullet in the head while on the rooftop of his 4-storey home; as a result, he fell to the ground. Additionally, 7 injuries were documented including 4 children, one of whom was arrested, in two raids into al-Fawar refugee camp in Hebron.

In Kufur Qaddoum, IOF suppressed a protest and wounded 6 civilians. One Palestinian was shot and wounded in occupied East Jerusalem as IOF alleged he attempted a stabbing attack. In the Gaza Strip, 4 fishermen were shot and wounded with rubber bullets in two separate incidents in the northern Gaza sea.

Dozens of civilians suffocated due to inhalation of tear-gas fired by IOF during its raids into Palestinian cities. IOF committed 4 shootings against agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip, and 6 shootings were reported against Palestinian fishing boats off the western Gaza Strip shore.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 72 incursions into the West Bank. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, inciting fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 89 Palestinians were arrested, including 19 children, 3 women and a journalist.

The largest number of attacks and arrests were at Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, as up to the writing of this report, IOF continue to raid the village since Tuesday, 12 May 2020, after IOF announced that one of its soldiers were killed after being hit with a stone from one of the rooftops. IOF have since conducted raids, and a large arrest campaign involving entire families, abused the civilian population, closed streets and fired heavy live fire in measures that align with Israel’s collective punishment policy. PCHR documented 34 arrests, including 2 women and 6 children.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted two incursions into eastern Khan Younis and Central Gaza; and arrested 2 fishermen at northern Gaza sea.

Restrictions on Journalistic Work

Israeli Intelligence Services handed Palestine TV correspondent in Jerusalem, Christeen Khaled al-Rinawi (31), a decision signed by the Israeli Public Security Minister, Gilad Erden, extending the closure of Palestine TV’s office in East Jerusalem, and ban its activities in Jerusalem and Israel for six additional months.

Collective Punishment Policy

As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against the families of Palestinians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF demolished Palestinian detainee’s, Qassam Abdul Karim al-Barghouthi family home in Kobar village, north of Ramallah, at dawn on Monday, 11 May 2020.

On Friday, 01 May 2020, IOF Mohamed ‘Alaa Jameel Risha’s (19) family a demolition notice. Risha was arrested and wounded after carrying out a stabbing attack on 28 April 2020 in Kafar Saba city in Israel.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank. PCHR documented 6 violations, including: 5 demolition notices of a house, 3 barracks and a yard in Nablus; 8 notices to halt construction of 8 houses, a park, walls and electric poles in Nahalin village, west of Bethlehem; iron bridges and digging equipment confiscated in Hebron; and a decision to confiscate Ibrahim Mosque lands in Hebron for a project intended to create Jewish majority in the city, by building an elevator, cafeterias and special route to facilitate raids by Jewish persons to the mosque. Additionally, the foundation of an under-construction house was razed in Jericho.

PCHR also documented 5 settler attacks: a raid into al-Gabt area, 30 olive trees destroyed; anti-Arab vandalism in Ramallah; assault on a Palestinian in occupied East Jerusalem; and houses attacked and vandalized, assault on a civilian a theft of his sheep in Nablus; 24 olive trees sabotaged in Qalqilia.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons or goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

1.Violation of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity; Shooting and Other Violations

  • At approximately 08:30 on Friday, 08 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily fired live and rubber bullets at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (2 nautical miles). As a result, 3 fishermen were injured: Majed Fadel Hasan Baker (59), was shot with a rubber bullet in his head, Mohammed Omran Sabri Baker (26), was shot with a rubber bullet in his hand, and Mohammed Suhail Baker (25) sustained bruises as a result of pumping water at the oat. The wounded fishermen were transferred to al-Shifa Hospital for medical treatment.In the same incident, 2 fishing boats were damaged; the first one , property of Hasan Baker, sustained several bullets that damaged it and its engine, while the second boat, property of Sabri Mahmoud Sa’ied Baker, sustained several bullets that damaged it and its engine as well. The fishermen were able to pull the damaged boats. The Israeli naval forces’ shooting and chasing continued until 11:00, causing fear and panic among the fishermen and forcing them to flee.Fisherman Mohamed ‘Imran Sabri, told PCHR’s fieldworker that:”At approximately 05:00, 3 of my brothers and I headed to the sea for fishing by boat. At approximately 09:00, Israeli gunboats chased the boat and opened fire at us. An Israeli gunboat approached the boat, ordered us to take off our clothes, and pumped wastewater at us, noting that we were sailing within the allowed fishing area (less than 3 nautical miles). As a result, I sustained rubber bullet wounds and bruises while the boat’s engine sustained damage and stopped working. The chasing and shooting continued for 3 hours before the fishermen were able to help us and take us to seaport.”
  • At approximately 11:20 on the same Friday, IOF stationed at “Eyal” crossing, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear-gas canisters at them. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 14:30 on the same Friday, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kufur Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated against settlement activities and demanded to open the village’s street, which has been closed since 2003. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear-gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians sustained rubber-coated steel bullet wounds, 2 of them in the head and the 2 others in the back and thigh.
  • At approximately 14:50 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds. As a result, the shepherds had to leave the area fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on the same Friday, IOF closed the main entrance to Aboud village with iron gate. In response, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in the vicinity and threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli soldiers stationed at the village entrance. The soldiers chased the protestors between houses and indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear-gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of protestors suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. Later, IOF withdrew from the village; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 16:50 on Saturday, 09 May 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kufur Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 30-year-old young man was shot with a rubber bullet in his leg and a 21-year-old young man was shot with a rubber bullet in his right hand.
  • At approximately 18:50 on the same Saturday, IOF stationed at the annexation wall, adjacent to Zeta village, north of Tulkarem, fired live bullets at a number of Palestinian workers when they attempted to enter Israel through the wall’s gate. As a result, a 28-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in his right leg. He was transferred to Thabet Thabet Hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 07:00 on Sunday, 10 May 2020, IOF assigned to guard the annexation wall, adjacent to Far’oun village, north of Tulkarem, opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers. As a result, a 50-year-old civilian, from al-Fare’ah refugee camp, south of Tubas, was shot with a live bullet in his left leg. He was taken to Tulkarem Hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 07:50 on the same Sunday, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily fired live and rubber bullets at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). IOF also confiscated the fishing nets of some boats. As a result, fishermen panicked and sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00 on the same Sunday, Israeli soldiers fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at a group of Palestinian youngsters, who were present in Ein al-Deblah area, adjacent to al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron. As a result, 3 children were wounded and one of them was arrested: a 16-year-old child was shot with a live bullet in his left foot. The arrested child was identified as Morad Bassam al-Bayed (12). He was taken to Soroka Medical Center in Israel. No information about al-Bayed’s injury. As a result, of that, Israeli soldiers closed al-Fawar refugee camp’s entrance with an iron gate and banned vehicles’ movement.
  • At approximately 19:30 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the border fence, adjacent to Faroun village, south of Tulkarem, fired live bullets at a number of Palestinian workers when they attempted to enter Israel for work through the wall’s gate. As a result, 3 civilians sustained live bullet wounds in their lower extremities. They were taken to Dr. Thabet Thabet hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Monday, 11 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and sporadically fired live and rubber bullets at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (2 – 4 nautical miles). The attacks continued on and off until 08:00 on the same day. As a result, fishermen panicked and had to sail back to the shore; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 04:20 on Monday, 11 May 2020, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Qifin village, northeast of Tulkarem. They raided and searched Awni Ra’ed Awni Mas’as Ta’mah’s (29) house. They searched the house and arrested Ta’mah. At the same time, IOF raided and searched a house owned by the family of Arqam Riyad Khalid Harshah (25) in the same area. IOF opened fire at Harshah claiming that he attempted to run away. As a result, he was shot and injured with a live bullet in his left foot. IOF also damaged the vehicle of Harshah’s father and broke his cell phone after he quarrelled with the Israeli force. IOF arrested Riyad Harsha before they withdrew from the village. It should be noted that Harshah is a former prisoner.
  • At approximately 08:00 on the same Monday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of al-Fukhari village, adjacent to the border fence; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Tuesday, 12 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and had to sail back to the shore; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:45 on the same Tuesday, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fisherman Nidal Ashraf Mahmoud al-Hessi (24), from Jabalia was shot and injured with a live bullet in his left shoulder when he was on board a fishing boat. Al-Hessi was taken to the Indonesian Hospital for medical treatment and his injury was classified as minor. The attack caused fear among other fishermen who sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:30 on the same Tuesday, Israeli soldiers stationed at Qalediyah military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem, opened fire at Ibrahim Ahmed Balal, from Yatta village, south of Hebron, alleging that he attempted to carry out a stab attack at the checkpoint. As a result, Balal was shot with a live bullet in his abdomen. He was taken to Shaare Zedek Medical Center in West Jerusalem for medical treatment.Israeli media claimed that Balal arrived at the vehicles side at the checkpoint, jumped out of a van and attempted to stab an Israeli guard stationed at the checkpoint with a screwdriver. However, the security guards noticed him and opened fire at him.Association of Prisoners and Ex-Prisoners Affairs said that the health condition of Balal was initially serious, but did improve. The association clarified after its lawyer visited the wounded prisoner that he is currently at Shaare Zedek Medical Center as he sustained a live bullet in his abdomen. The Prisoners’ Association emphasized that the Israeli Magistrates Court in Jerusalem decided to expand the detention of Balal until next Monday, claiming pending investigation.
  • At approximately 19:40, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF that was patrolling near the entrance to Tarmas’iya village, northeast of Ramallah, heavily beat Mohammed Nassar Shehadah (27), from Abu Falah nearby village, by their rifles after they forcibly stepped him out of his vehicle when he was driving back home. As a result, he sustained minor wounds in his head and hand.
  • In a new crime of excessive use of lethal force, on Wednesday, 13 May 2020, IOF killed a Palestinian child and wounded 4 others, including a child, during their incursion to al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron. The child was killed after he was shot with a live bullet in his head when he was at the roof of his 4-storey house, causing his fall on the ground.According to PCHR’s investigation, at approximately 05:20 on Wednesday morning, IOF moved into al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron, using a Palestinian vehicle. They stationed in Jabrin neighborhood and about 20 soldiers stepped out of the military vehicles that immediately left the camp. The soldiers knocked on a number of houses and threatened civilians as they were searching for the family of Anas Ayman Atiya al-Haliqawi (20). The soldiers raided Anas’s house and arrested him.In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers while the latter responded with sound bombs and tear-gas bombs. The young men continued throwing stones. When Israeli soldiers arrived at the main street in the center of the camp, at approximately 05:45, and about 250 meters away, a soldier fired several live bullets at a roof of a 4-storey house, overlooking the main street where child Zaid Fadel Mohammed Qaisiyah (16) and his 2 relatives were watching the incidents. Zaid was shot with a live bullet in his head and fell on the ground. A number of the neighbors arrived after the 2 girls shouted and transferred him via a civilian vehicle to Abu al-HHasan al-Qasem Hospital in Yatta, south of Hebron, where his death was pronounced.In the meantime, clashes increased between stone throwers and Israeli soldiers when the latter withdrew to the east of the camp towards al-Hadab area, adjacent to the camp. Israeli soldiers stationed in al-Jorn area indiscriminately fired live bullets at stone throwers. As a result, 4 civilians, including a child, sustained live bullets throughout their bodies. They were transferred via ambulances belonging to Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS) to al-Ahli Hospital in Hebron and Abu al-Hasan al-Qasem in Yatta. The wounded civilians were as follows: a 19-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in the right and left knees ,a 17-year-old child was shot with a live bullet in his right thigh, causing a femur fracture, a 19-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in the abdomen was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), and a 19-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in the chest and he too was admitted to the ICU in al-Ahli Hospital. Israeli soldiers withdrew from the camp at approximately 06:30, taking with them Anas al-Haliqawi.
  • At approximately 06:30 on Wednesday, 13 May 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, adjacent to the border fence; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:30 on Wednesday, 13 May 2020, , Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen were forced to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00 on the same Wednesday, family of fishermen Mohammed Abdul Razeq Saeed Baker (49) and Mahmoud Aziz Redwan Baker (23) received a phone call from the Israeli Intelligence Service informing them that Mohammed and Mahmoud are under arrest and they were taken to Asqalan investigation center.According to the statement of Thabet Mohammed Abdul Razeq Baker (25), Mohammed’s son: “At approximately 16:00 on Tuesday, 12 May 2020, my father, Mohammed Baker left with fisherman Mahmoud Baker for fishing using a fishing hook and took a boat owned by my father. We later were surprised with a phone call from the Israeli Intelligence Service informing us that my father and Mahmoud were arrested without any other information about how or when they were arrested. It should be noted that the Israeli naval forces chased the boat north of Gaza Strip shore on Tuesday, evening and Wednesday morning.

Continued Attacks on Ya’bad Village

Up to the writing of this report, IOF continue to violate Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, since Tuesday dawn, 12 May 2020, after an Israeli soldier killed when a rock was dropped on his head from a house roof. IOF conducted incursions and large-scale arrests, including whole families; assaulted village residents; closed roads; and heavily opened fire under collective punishment measures.

PCHR documented the arrested of 34 Palestinians, including 2 women and 6 children. According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 03:00 on Tuesday, 12 May 2020, IOF moved into Ya’bad village. Meanwhile, the village residents gathered and confronted them with stones and empty bottles. IOF immediately fired toxic tear-gas canisters, sound bombs, and rubber bullets. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear-gas inhalation and received treatment at the scene. During that, IOF raided and searched houses, from which they arrested 4 civilians, including 2 siblings, and withdrew later. The detainees were identified as: Marseel Lotfi Abu Baker (22), ‘Ali Mohamed Nazmi Abu Baker (21), and the two siblings Yazan (22) and Anas (23) Kamel Abu Shammalah.

At approximately 08:20, IOF declared the death of a soldier when a rock was dropped on his head during its incursion at dawn, into Ya’bad village. IOF moved into the village for the second time amidst heavy fire of live ammunition and sound bombs. A number of Palestinian civilians gathered and threw stones at Israeli vehicles. Clashes erupted between IOF and civilians, as many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. An Israeli force stationed near Asfour family house. IOF claimed that the soldier was standing next to Asfour’s house when he was killed. Therefore, IOF raided and searched the house in addition to many houses in the area and assaulted their inhabitants. At approximately 13:00 on the same day, IOF arrested 15 civilians; 13 of them are members of Asfour family, including 2 women and 6 children. IOF also arrested Haitham Farid Abu Baker (18), Nasser Bassam Abu Baker (18), from their houses, and Ahmed Na’el Farasini (22), from the street (PCHR keeps the names of the arrestees).

During the IOF’s incursion, Palestinian civilians were locked in rooms inside their houses, mainly ‘Asfour family, and subjected to assault and interrogation before being taken to an unknown destination. IOF also arrested Hitham Fareed Abu Baker (18) and Naser Bassam Abu Baker (18) from their homes, and arrested Ahmed Nael Faraseny (22) from the street.

At approximately 19:30, IOF moved into Ya’boud village again and raided houses, including ‘Asfour family house. They closed some sub-roads amidst clashes and heavily firing of live ammunition, tear gas canisters and sound bombs. IOF continued to move into Ya’bad village until Wednesday morning, 13 May 2020. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 12 civilians, most of them are siblings.

2. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 07 May 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Kharas village, west of Hebron. They patrolled the street between civilian’s houses, then they raided and searched Tha’er Aziz Halahla’s (41) house and put him with his family in one room before arresting him. It should be noted that Halahla spent almost about 14-months in the Israeli prisons, and at the end of 2018, he was released after spending 20-months under the administrative detention.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahel village, northwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed Ali Hasan Zuhour’s (39) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in the northern area of the city. They raided and searched Bashar Arafat al-Qawasmah’s (33) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of al-Eizariya village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Tha’er Abdul Naser Nakhleh (30), the Secretary of Fatah movement in al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. IOF took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that Nakleh who was a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons, is a lecturer in political science at al-‘Asriya College, and he currently supervises sterilization, prevention and quarantine of returning workers from Israel, in Jalazoun camp.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Amateen village, north of Qalqilya; Ta’nq and Rummana villages, west of Jenin; Tal and Ma’dama villages, in Nablus governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 08 May 2020:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Ethna village, west of Hebron, and stationed in Wad Risha neighborhood. They raided and searched Nimir Ahmed Abu Juhaisha’s (44) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed near the UNRWA schools in the city. IOF deployed between the civilian’s houses, they raided and searched two of them and arrested two children; Salem Fadi Jawabra (14) and Ayham Jamil Jawabra (16).
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hakam Sary Mohammed Ali’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Shwaika suburb, north of Tulkarem; Azoun village, east of Qalqilia; Tal and Ma’dama villages in Nablus governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 09 May 2020:At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Silwan village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mohammed Mofeed Khadour’s (23) house and arrested him.At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Tawr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched the former prisoner Daniel Zuhair Abu Nasra’s (19) house and arrested him.At approximately 10:00, IOF stationed at Za’tara temporary military checkpoint, southwest of0020 Nablus governorate, arrested Mohammed Dawoud al-Namrouti’s (26) house, from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. IOF took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that al-Namrouti is a student at the American Arab University in Jenin.Around the same time, IOF stationed at one of the temporary military checkpoints on al-Ibrahimi Mosque in the city center of Hebron’s Old City, arrested Haneen Ali Farajallah (20), from Ethna village. IOF claimed that she was in possession of a knife, and she was taken to “Kiryat Arba’” settlement’s investigation center east of the city.IOF carried out (3) incursions in Kufur Qaddoum, north of Qalqilia; Farqoua’a village, northeast of Jenin; and Aqbat Jabr refugee camp, south of Jericho. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 10 May 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Bit Sourik village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Adham Aref Abdul Nabi Qandil’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Qutna village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Wael Mahmoud Abdul Rahman al-Faqih’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF moved into Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the Journalist Anan Eisa Najeeb’s (47) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:45, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on Yetsahar rotary, on the southwestern entry of Nablus. IOF arrested Sameer Jamil Mahmoud Abu Asab (46), from al-Quds street, west of the city, who works with the Palestinian Police. Sameer was driving his own car along with his sister, Fatma Abu Asab (33) and her two daughters; Enas (11 months) and Rafat (6 days), heading to his house to have Iftar with the family. IOF ordered him to turn back because the checkpoint was closed. When he was turning back, he saw a settler’s car behind him, so he asked him to give him a way to reverse, but the Israeli soldier immediately attacked him in his car. IOF took him out of the car and severely beaten him to his head until the blood covered his face, then they threw him on the ground for more than 3 hours. One of the Palestinian civilians who was there took Fatma and her daughters to the family house, while Palestinian military liaison came and took Sameer to Rafidia Governmental Hospital for treatment at approximately 18:30.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mustafa Eyad Ghazala (17) and Mohammed Khaled Sharifa (21), and arrested them.

Monday, 11 May 2020:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into the southern area of Hebron. They raided and searched Jamal Mohammed Banat’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched Firas Zeyad Abu Sunaina’a (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into several neighborhoods in Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians: al-Sheikh Anan Omar Rafiq al-Shami (38), Zaher Arif al-Shishtari (56), a leader at the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and he suffers chronic diseases, Sa’ed Mansour al-Masri (42), and Sultan Mohammed al-Qamari (25).
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved 100-meters to the east of Khuza’a, east of Khan Younis, south of the Gaza Strip. They levelled and combed lands before they were redeployed inside the border fence again after hours.
  • At approximately 09:00, the Israeli Intelligence Services summonsed the Palestine TV correspondent in Jerusalem, Christeen Khaled al-Rinawi (31), via a phone call to refer to al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem. As soon as she arrives, they handed her a decision signed by the Israeli Public Security Minister, Gilad Erden, extending the closure of Palestine TV’s office in East Jerusalem, and ban its activities in Jerusalem and Israel for six more months.It should be noted that al-Rinawi was summonsed 5 times in the last 6 months due to her work as a correspondent at Palestine TV in Jerusalem. Furthermore, on 20 November 2019, the Israeli Authorities closed the office of Palestine TV in al-Sawana neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and arrested the Palestine TV’s staff, then they handed them a decision of banning them from working inside the occupied Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Anas Mohammed Abu al-Hums (24), while passing through Street No.1 in the central occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Silwan in the south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched dozens of houses and arrested (13) civilians including 4 children after they severely beaten them, then they took them to “Salah al-Deen Street” police station to investigate with them in charge of “throwing stones and fireworks”. The arrestees are: Mohammed Abdullah Abu Nab (22), Omar Jamil al-Zughul (16), Ahmed Hammoud Shuyat (17), Yazan Hamed Jaber (22), Ameer Jawad Jaber (17), Ali Eyad Jaber, Mohammed Omar Mattar (23), Ameer Omar Mattar, Wissam Sa’eed al-Karaki (26), Muntaser Nidal Abu Nab (18), Ameer Abdul Rahman (16), Dawoud Nidal al-Taweel, and Qusai Wael Abu Nab (19).
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southwest of Nablus, arrested Tamer (33) and his brother Nayef Khaled Nayef (31), from Kafr Qalil, southeast of Nablus. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Azmout and Sabastia in Nablus, Birzeit and Burham, north of Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

3. Collective Punishment PolicyAs part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against the Palestinians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, on Monday, at dawn, 11 May 2020, Israeli occupation forces (IOF) demolished a house belonging to Palestinian detainee, Qassam Abdul Karim al-Barghouthi in Kobar village, north of Ramallah.

According to investigation conducted by the Palestinian Centre for Human rights (PCHR), IOF reinforced with more than 25 military SUVs, armored personnel carriers, and a bulldozer, moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They stepped out of their military vehicles, deployed in the village streets and between houses, topped houses’ roofs, and closed the entrance leading to the house of Palestinian detainee, Qassam Abdul Karim al-Barghouthi (26) and indiscriminately fired tear-gas canisters in the village neighborhoods. Large number of Israeli forces raided the above-mentioned house to implement the demolition decision received by the family on 11 February 2020. IOF accuses al-Barghouthi, who has been detained since 26 August 2019, of participation in bombing attack that occurred in “Ein Bubin” area, adjacent to Deir Bzai’a village, west of Ramallah on 24 August 2019, which caused the killing of an Israeli female soldiers and wounding her father and brother.

At approximately 03:30 at dawn, IOF started demolishing the 2-story house, which was built on an area of 180 square meters where al-Barghouthi and his parents and brother lived. IOF completely demolished the upper floor and caused cracks in the lower floor. At approximately 05:40 on the same day, IOF withdrew of the village amidst heavily firing tear gas canisters. Clashes erupted between IOF and Palestinian young men; no casualties were reported.

It should be noted that IOF raided the al-Barghouthi’s house on 02 January 2020, in which they searched the house in barbarian way and damaged its contents. Also, the engineering unit took the house measurements and made holes in the internal walls in order to demolish it. IOF also raided the house before on 07 November 2019.

4. Settlement Expansion and Settler Violence in the West Bank

a. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities

  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 11 May 2020, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Sahel area, south of Salem village, northeast of Nablus. The Israeli Civil Administration officers hanged 4 demolition notices on an under-construction house and 3 barracks, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C. The notified facilities belong to:1. Nadeem Rabeeh Rohi Ishteih: a 250-square-meter barrack.
    2. ‘Abed al-Men’iem Rohi Hamed Ishteih: a 200-square-meter barrack.
    3. Mubarak Fayiz Ishteih: a 300-square-meter barrack.
    4. Saif al-Deen Ghaleb Mohamed Ishteih: a 170-square-meter under-construction house.
  • Around the same time, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Dowar area, south of Hewarah village, southeast of Nablus. The Israeli Civil Administration officers handed Ra’oul Lotfi Mousa a notice to stop levelling a yard located near his shops, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C.
  • On Monday, 11 May 2020, Israeli authorities ordered the halt of construction of 8 houses, a park, retaining walls, and electric utility poles in Nahaleen village, west of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Deputy of Nahaleen Municipality Mayor, Hani Fanoun, said that IOF notified to stop working in 8 inhabited houses and other under-construction houses in Bakous area, south of the village. He clarified that the inhabited houses belong to: Mahmoud ‘Abdullah Najajrah (3 storey), ‘Esam Mahmoud Shakarnah (1 storey), and Amjad Yousef Ghayada (1 sotrey); while the under-construction houses belong to: Lotfi Fares Najajrah, Hazza’ As’ad Najajrah, ‘Adel Rateb Najajrah, Hisham Na’iem Shakarnah, and Diad Isma’il Shakarnah (1 storey). Also, Saleem Rashad Najajrah and Saber Mahmoud Mostafa’s retaining walls and electric utility poles were notified. It should be noted that, Israeli authorities have lately increased the policy of lands’ confiscation and seizure in Nahaleen village in favor of settlement expansion, as the village is surrounded by several settlements and 90% of its lands are classified as Area C, according to Oslo Accords.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Farsh al-Hawa area in western Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers confiscated Sarhan Naser al-Deen’s excavation tools used for reclaiming his agricultural land, under the pretext of working in Area C.
  • On Tuesday, 12 May 2020, the office of the Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories (COGAT) issued a decision to seize Palestinian land near Ibrahimi Mosque for establishing an elevator and a ramp for the illegal settlers to reach the mosque. This comes upon instructions issued by the Israeli Defense Minister, Naftali Bennett, on 04 May 2020, stressing the need to complete the project within 60 days. The project includes the construction of a parking lot, an elevator, and a ramp for the illegal settlers who storm the mosque. According to Israeli media, COGAT has informed the Hebron’s municipality and the PA about the Civil Administration’s intent to push forward with plans for the project and complete it within 60 days. The project had previously been approved by the Israeli judicial system, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, and Foreign Minister Yisrael Katz. This settlement project threatens to seize historic facilities near al-Ibrahimi Mosque and withdraw the building and planning power from Hebron’s municipality and grant it to the Israeli Civil Administration.
  • On Wednesday, 13 May 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Fasayel village, north of Jericho. IOF were deployed in the village while military construction vehicles demolished 160-square-meter under-construction house foundations. Also, Israeli Civil Administration officers dismantled Suliman Musallam Sawarka’s 160-square-meter barrack used for breeding livestock, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C.

b. Israeli Settler Violence

  • At approximately 21:00 on Thursday, 07 May 2020, at least 8 Israeli settlers, from “Hlmish” settlement, which is established on the north-western lands of Ramallah, moved into al-Ghibt area in the outskirt of Um Safa village, northwest of the city. Palestinian young men confronted the settlers and threw stones at them before their withdrawal and no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Thursday, 07 May 2020, an Israeli settler beat a bus driver, Montaser Ahmed ‘Issa (23), with a stick and unleashed his dog at him while ‘Issa’s bus was stopping in a bus station near “Pisgat Zeev” settlement, which is established on Beit Haninah village’s lands, north of occupied East Jerusalem. As a result, he sustained serious wounds throughout his body. ‘Issa said that while he was stopping in a buse station adjacent to“Pisgat Zeev” settlement, Israeli man and woman got into the bus with a dog. ‘Issa asked the man to step the dog out of the bus because he would be held accountable.‘Issa added: ” the man cursed me and beat me with a broomstick used for cleaning the bus. I attempted to flee, but the man unleashed his dog at me, causing serious wounds throughout my body”. ‘Issa clarified that he asked security officers staying in the bus station to help him, but in vain. The man stole ‘Issa’s cell phone and money. Issa’s friend helped him and phoned the ambulance, which took him to the hospital. ‘Issa fainted while he was on his way to the hospital, where he received treatment.
  • On Friday, 08 May 2020, at least 15 Israeli settlers, from “Shillo” settlement, which is established on the north-eastern lands of Ramallah, cut olive trees and broke their twigs in Abu Hanoun area in Kherbit Jab’iet, east of al-Moghir village, northeast of Ramallah. Also, the settlers damaged barbed wires surrounded Rohi Merweh al-Na’san and Sameer Khaled Abu ‘Alia’s agricultural lands, and entered and damaged around 30 olive trees planted 5 years ago.
  • On Saturday, 09 May 2020, an Israeli settler, from ” Ya’qoub Dalia” settlement, stole a crops from an agricultural land in Kherbit Bir al-‘Ad, east of Yatta, south of Hebron.
  • On Wednesday, 13 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Givat Asaf” settlement, which is established on Ramallah’s eastern lands, moved into Biten village, east of the city. The settlers vandalized the village’s walls and houses before their withdrawal.

Read the full PCHR here.

“Israeli Soldier Killed by Stone While Invading West Bank Town”

Source

May 12, 2020 2:32 PM

During a pre-dawn invasion of the northern West Bank on Tuesday, a 21-year old Israeli soldier was killed by Palestinians who dropped a large stone from a rooftop on his head while he was in the street. The soldier who was killed was identified as Staff Sgt. Amit Ben Ygal.

According to the Israeli daily Ha’aretz, Ygal was among a battalion of soldiers with the Golani Brigade who invaded the village of Ya’bad, southwest of the city of Jenin in the northern West Bank, around 4:00 in the morning on Tuesday.

Many villagers were awake at the time, to eat their pre-dawn meal and prepare for the day of fasting during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. So the soldiers, who often engage in pre-dawn raids but usually do so while residents are sleeping, instead were met by angry youth who demanded that they leave their town.

The Israeli military reported that the Golani Brigade was invading the village in order to abduct two Palestinians that they suspected of ‘terrorism’, and another two who were suspected of having thrown stones at soldiers during previous invasions.

Amit Ben Ygal

The person who dropped the stone on the soldier has not been identified, but Israeli troops have issued a complete lockdown order on the village and are searching house-by-house, interrogating the residents and preventing them from leaving their homes.

Following the initial invasion, dozens of soldiers and armored vehicles stormed the town, and initiated very violent and extensive searches of homes and buildings, and abducted at least eighteen Palestinians, including a father and his three children.

Media sources in Jenin said the soldiers abducted Mohammad Atiyya Abu Bakr along with his brothers Thabet, Bassel and Ra’fat, in addition to Ribhi Mohammad Abu Bakr, along with his wife, his daughter Eman, 15, and his sons Mohammad and Khaled.

The soldiers also abducted Anas Kamer Abu Shamla and his brother Yazan, in addition to assaulting and wounding their brother, Mohammad.

The soldiers also shot two young men with rubber-coated steel bullets and caused dozens to suffer the severe effects of teargas inhalation.

The soldiers also stormed and ransacked many homes, including the properties of Bassem Lufti Abu Bakr, Sa’ed Omar Abu Bakr, Atiyya Younis Asfour, in addition to his brothers Nathmi and Ribhi, and interrogated them for several hours.

Furthermore, the soldiers also occupied the rooftops of many homes, especially in the as-Salma neighborhood, while more soldiers were deployed in the town’s streets and around it, completely isolating it.


  • First Published On May 12, 2020 at 13:19

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (30 April – 06 May 2020)

Posted by PCHR

30 April – 6 May 2020

  • IOF raids into oPt: a dangerous vulnerability in Palestinian preventive measures to combat the spread of coronavirus
  • Israeli occupation escalates personal attacks on Palestinian public figures in occupied Eastern Jerusalem to ban Palestinian Authority’s work
  • 13 Palestinian civilians sustained wounds, including 3 children in the West Bank
  • shootings reported against agricultural lands and 4 times at Palestinian fishing boats in eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 63 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 59 civilians arrested, including 5 children, a poet (woman) and a journalist
  • Collective Punishment Policy: Demolition notice delivered to a prisoner’s family house in Tulkarm
  • 5 notice to halt construction at 3 houses, an agricultural room, and water well in Salfit; civilian properties bulldozed and a settlers road dug in the West Bank
  • Settlers attacks in the West Bank: houses attacked and vandalized, Palestinian civilian assaulted and robbed of his sheep;
  • IOF established 38 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and roads closed

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to violate Palestinians’ human rights and commit crimes against civilians and their properties, conducting raids into Palestinian cities without regard to the state of emergency declared across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) since 06 March 2020, in the efforts put forward to combat the spread of coronavirus. IOF raids are conducted without proper attention to prevention and safety standards to mitigate the risk of transmitting coronavirus to Palestinian territory, as the virus is widespread throughout Israel. PCHR’s concerns over Israeli raids still stand, as those raids undermine preventive measures adopted by the government. Meanwhile, settlers backed up by IOF continued to seize more civilian property and attack civilians and their property. This week, IOF launched an arrest campaign against prominent Palestinian figures who work for the Palestinian Authority (PA), in a continuation of Israeli systematic efforts to combat the presence and work of the PA in occupied East Jerusalem. PCHR reiterates its concern over the Israeli occupation’s policy of banning any preventive measures by the Palestinian Authority in occupied East Jerusalem, especially that Israel has adopted lenient measures in the city despite its responsibility for it under international law as an occupying power.

This week, PCHR documented 134 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.  The restrictions imposed under the state of emergency have hindered our fieldwork team’s ability to cover all incidents in the oPt and were forced to collect information via phone from trusted local sources. As such, this report is an incomprehensive record of Israeli violations of human rights against Palestinians in the oPt, as IOF continues its attacks against civilians despite the exceptional circumstances that have overcome the whole world in the face of a life-threatening viral pandemic.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 13 Palestinian civilians, including 3 children, were shot and wounded in excessive use of force by IOF. Among those wounded, 6 sustained their wounds in IOF attacks on workers attempting to sneak into Israel via the Annexation wall in Jenin, Qalqilya and Tulkarem. While 6 others, including 3 children, were wounded during IOF suppression of a protest in Kufur Qaddoum, Qalqilya, West Bank. Another civilian was wounded in an IOF raid to Jericho. Dozens of civilians suffocated due to inhalation of tear gas fired by IOF during its raids into Palestinian cities. IOF committed12 shootings against agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip, and 4 shootings were reported against Palestinian fishing boats off the western Gaza Strip shore.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 63 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 59 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children, a poet (woman) and a journalist. This week, IOF launched an arrest campaign against prominent Palestinian figures who work for the Palestinian Authority (PA), in a continuation of Israeli systematic efforts to combat the presence and work of the PA in occupied East Jerusalem.

Collective Punishment Policy

On Friday, 01 May 2020, IOF Mohamed ‘Alaa Jameel Risha’s (19) family a demolition notice. Risha was arrested and wounded after carrying out  a stab attack on 28 April 2020 in Kafar Saba city in Israel.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 9 violations, including: 2 plantation grounds, a laundromat in Bethlehem, 4 notices to halt construction at 2 houses, an agricultural room and a water well in Salfit; agricultural tools confiscated while digging a water wll in Qalqilya, an agricultural room demolished in Tubas, water pool bulldozed and iron barracks dismanteled in Jericho, a notice to halt construction at a house in Jenin and a settlement road dug in Hebron.

PCHR also documented 4 settler attacks: houses attacked and vandalized, assault on a civilian a theft of his sheep in Nablus; 24 olive trees sabotaged in Qalqilya.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 03:00 on Thursday, 30 April 2020, IOF stationed along the annexation wall, adjacent to Zeta village, north of Tulkarm, opened fire at Palestinian workers. As a result, 2 civilians, from Ajjah village in Jenin, were shot and injured. IOF arrested one of the wounded civilians, namely Eyad Adanan Zuhair Ma’li (26), who was shot with a live bullet in his abdomen. The other civilian aged 41years old was shot with a live bullet in the left knee. He was transferred to Khalil Suleiman Governmental Hospital.
  • At approximately 06:50 on the same Thursday, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and were forced to flee from the see. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 06:50 on Friday, 01 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and were forced to flee from the see. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00 on the same Friday, IOF stationed along the annexation wall, adjacent to Hablah village, south of Qalqiliyah, opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers when they attempted to enter Israel through the annexation wall’s gate for work . As a result, a 23-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in his right leg and a 21-year-old young man was also shot with a live bullet in his right leg. The wounded civilians, who are from Qalqiliyah, were transferred to Dr. Darwish Nazal Hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 14:30 on the same Friday, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafer Qaddoum village, north of Qalqiliyah, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated to protest against closing the road for more than 16years. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area. Clashes erupted in the area in which IOF fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the young men. As a result, 6 civilians, including 3 children, were shot and injured with rubber bullets throughout their bodies.
  • At approximately 16:00 on the same Friday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of al-Shoka village, east of Rafah, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:20 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in central Gaza Strip, fired flare bombs at agricultural lands, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:00 on Saturday, 02 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and were forced to flee from the see. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:50 on the same Saturday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF stationed along the annexation wall, adjacent to Hablaha village, south of Qalqiliyah, opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers when they attempted to enter Israel through the wall’s gate for work. As a result, a 30-year-old civilians was shot with 2 live bullets in his feet. He was transferred to Dr. Darwish Nazal Hospital in Qalqiliyah for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 03:00 on Sunday, 03 May 2020, IOF moved into Aqabet Jaber refugee camp, southwest of Jericho. They stationed in the southern area of the camp. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men protested and threw stones and Molotov Cocktails  at Israeli soldiers. The soldiers chased the young men and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, an 18-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in his foot. He was transferred to Jericho Hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 07:20 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the border fence, adjacent to Far’oun village, south of Tulkarm, fired live bullets at a number of Palestinian workers when they attempted to enter Israel through the wall’s gate for work. As a result, a 26-year-old young, from Tulkarm,  man was shot with a rubber bullet in his right leg. He was transferred to Thabet Thabet Hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 22:00 on the same Sunday, IOF moved into al-Tour neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They stationed on Slaman al-Faresi Street in the center of the neighborhood. In the meantime, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and fireworks at Israeli soldiers while the later responded with rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, dozens of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 03:00 on the same Sunday, IOF reinforced with military SUVs moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, deployed between houses and patrolled the area, causing fear among the residents. They raided and searched Islam Mahmoud Jawabrah’s (19) house, searched it and arrested Islam and took him to the area where the military vehicles stationed. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers. The soldiers chased the young man and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of stone throwers suffocated due to tear gas canisters. At approximately 05:00 on the same day, IOF withdrew from the camp taking the arrested civilian with them.
  • At approximately 06:30 on Monday, 03 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and were forced to flee from the see. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:00 on the same Monday, IOF reinforced with dozens of military SUVs moved into Kafer Aqab village, north of occupied East Jeruslem. They stationed in several sites in the villages, and checked the ID cards of passersby and wrote fines for some others, who were not wearing the muzzle as the Israeli government forces all people to wear it when they leave their homes in light of their procedures to combat the spread of corona virus. Israeli soldier also raided dozens of commercial shops and wrote  exorbitant fines for their owners. In the meantime, dozens of Palestinian young men protested and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers while the later responded with rubber bullets, and sound bombs. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. They received medical treatment on the field.
  • At approximately 19:00 on the same Monday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands in the vicinity of the land fill. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Tuesday, 05 May 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, fired live bullets and sound bombs at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’a village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Wednesday, 06 May 2020, IOF reinforced with several military SUVs moved into Bani Na’im village, in Hebron. They patrolled the streets and fired sound bombs indiscriminately at Yaqin and Khelat al-Mas’ourah areas without a reason. As a result, residents. IOF later withdrew from the village; no other raids were reported.
  1. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 30 April 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Jabal al-Mawaleh area, in central Bethlehem. They raided and searched Sufian Mohammed Ajaj’s (34) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Owa village, southwest of Hebron Governorate. They raided and search Mahmoud Waseem Masalmah’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Shweika suburb, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ameer Ameed Abu Hashish (22), Majdi Mohammed Dar A’mar (23), and his brother Saleem (24), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:55, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Jericho, and stationed on the city center. They raided and searched Ahmed Hazem Jahalin’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Betounya, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ibrahim Awad al-Najar’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Seelat al-Thuhr village, south of Jenin; Deir Sharaf and Tal villages in Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 01 May 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beit Sera village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Mohammed Ra’ed Anqawi (22), Ibrahim Suliman Anqawi (20), and Mohammed Yaser Anqawi (20).
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Salem, Ourif, Surra, and Qasra villages in Nablus; al-Samoua and Deir Samit villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 02 May 2020:

  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Eyad Mos’ab Ghazalah (17) and Mohammed Reyad al-Joulani (22), and arrested them.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in al-Jaftalek village, north of Jericho. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 03 May 2020:

  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (7) civilians including a child: Samer Anwar Obaid (34), Adam Kayed Mahmoud (19), Mo’tasem Hamza Obaid (16), Waleed Dawoud Alian (24), Qusai Abdullah Alian (22), Tamer Ali Mahmoud (21), and Mohammed Ramadan al-Masri (20).
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Azoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians including a child: Akram Tayseer Saleem (15), Mohmmed Ali Redwan (24), and Mansour Asem Saleem (19).
  • At approximately 18:30, IOF who were on patrol in al-Bayada neighborhood, southeast of Nablus, arrested Deya’ Omar Darawshah (22) and Izzat Majed Awwad (22), while they were collecting beans from their land. IOF took them to Howara military camp, and released them at approximately 21:30 of the same day.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Aqraba, southeast of Nablus Governorate, and Izbt al-Tabib, east of Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 04 May 2020:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Qafin village, northeast of Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abed Basel Biqawi (28) and Bara’ Sameer Ammar (20), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Mahmoud Ishaq Abu Hashhash (26) and Obaida Jaber al-Titi (21).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Wad Risha, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Abdul Fattah Ata Abu Jhaisha’s (25) houses and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:45, IOF moved into Abu Shukhaidm village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Zeyad Mohammed Abu Salem’s (26) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Zeyad is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 04:40, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Marka village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nawras Firas Sbaih (19), and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Nablus. They raided and searched Ameed al-Houtari’s (18) house, east of the city, and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Awni Dawoud Ateya’s (53) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF arrested Ameen Omar Hamed (26) while present near the western entrance to al-Issaweya village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in al-Jabreyat neighborhood, Arraba village in Jenin, and Askan new camp in Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 05 May 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Qutna villae, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Kayed Taha’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Owa village, southwest of Hebron Governorate. They raided and searched Sameer Subhi Masalmah’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood, west of al-Issaweya village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (7) civilians: Mahmoud Ramadan Obaid (23), Deya’ Ayman Obaid (24), Yousef Ali al-Kaswani (22), Abdullah Ata Derbas (18), Yousef Dawoud Muhaisen (43), Ameer Awwad, and Mahmoud Mohammed Obaid (23).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched the house of the Secretary General of the National People’s Congress, Belal Hashim al-Natsheh (57), and his director Mo’ath al-Ashhab (52). IOF took them to al-Maskoubeya investigation center in West Jerusalem.

Lawyer Ahmed Safeya said that the Israeli Magistrate Court extended the arrest of General Bilal al-Natsheh, the Secretary-General of the Popular National Congress in Jerusalem, and his director Moaz Al-Ashhab, to the next day, to present them to the court again at approximately 14:00. Safeya confirmed that the Israeli Authorities immediately investigated with al-Natsheh and al-Ashhab which deteriorated the health condition of al-Natsheh. Al-Natsheh was referred to “Shi’ari Tsediq” the Israeli Hospital for treatment with an ambulance.

IOF’s spokesperson announced that they arrested (7) civilians, who were distributing food aids to needy families during the Coronavirus pandemic in charge of violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem.

  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Towr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the Poetry Rania Hatem’s (38) house, and took her to al-Maskoubeya investigation center in West Jerusalem. IOF released her in the noon after investigating with her about violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched the volunteer in the Palestinian Civil Defense; Jadallah Saeed al-Ghoul’s (41) house, and took him to al-Maskoubeya investigation center in West Jerusalem. It should be noted that al-Ghoul was released after investigating with him about violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Wadi al-Jooz neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched the Eng. Mustafa Amin Abu Zahra’s (68) house, Member of the High Islamic Authority in the Occupied Jerusalem, and Chairman of the Committee for the Care of Islamic Cemeteries in the Palestinian Endowments, and took him to al-Maskoubeya investigation center in West Jerusalem. In the noon, IOF released him after investigating with him about violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Jabal al-Mukaber neighborhood, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the journalist Tamer Obaidat’s (34) house and took him to al-Maskoubeya investigation center. IOF released him after investigating with him about violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 09:30, IOF moved into Beit Hanina village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched, assistant Secretary-General of the Popular National Congress in Jerusalem, Emad Awad’s (48) house and took him to al-Maskoubeya investigation center. At approximately 15:00, IOF released him after investigating with him about violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF moved into Qafin village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Mahmoud Fawwaz Ammar’s house and confiscated the surveillances cameras of his house.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Omran Lo’ay al-‘Aweiwi (16) and Mohammed Mahmoud (17), after severely beaten them, then they were taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Silwan village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Yazan Emad Syam’s (25) house and arrested him.

Wednesday, 06 May 2020:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Taqoua, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yousef Jamal al-Sabbah (22) and Yaseen Yousef al-Sabbah (22), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 21:00m IOF moved into Silwan village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched the volunteer in the Palestinian Civil Defense; Jadallah Saeed al-Ghoul’s (41) house, and took him to al-Maskoubeya investigation center in West Jerusalem. It should be noted that al-Ghoul was arrested for investigation on the dawn of the previous day after investigating with him about violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem.

III. Collective Punishment Policy

  • As part of the collective punishment policy applied by the IOF against the Palestinian families of those accused of carrying out attacks against the Israeli forces and/or settlers,  IOF handed a demolition notice for a prisoner’s family in Tulkarm. According to PCHR’s follow-up, at approximately 02:00 on Friday, 01 May 2020, IOF moved into Tulkarm camp and raided a house belonging to Mohamed ‘Alaa Jameel Risha (19), who was arrested and wounded after carrying out a stab attack on 28 April 2020 in Kafar Saba city in Israel. IOF handed Risha’s family a demolition notice. Meanwhile, many Palestinian young men gathered in the area and IOF fired tear gas canisters at them, under the pretext of throwing stones. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  1. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem
  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities
  • At approximately 07:00 on Thursday, 30 April 2020, Israeli bulldozers leveled an agricultural nursery in Joret al-Sham’ah, south of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that IOF bulldozed Mahmoud Ahmed Abu Hammad’s agricultural nursery in Wadi al-Nies village, under the pretext of non-licensing. He pointed out that IOF notified to demolish other houses and barracks in different areas in Bethlehem.
  • On Thursday morning, Israeli bulldozers demolished a carwash in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. Eng. Eyad Abu Surra, said that IOF moved into Um Rokba area, south of al-Khader village, and demolished Mohamed Ibrahim Da’dou’s under-construction carwash, under the pretext of non-licensing. He pointed out that Um Rokba area is exposed to a systematic demolition of houses and shops by IOF.
  • At approximately 09:30 on Sunday, 03 May 2020, IOF moved into Qarawet Bani Hassan village, west of Salfit. They expelled Palestinian shepherds from Nowiatif area while breeding livestock and ordered them not to return, under the pretext of being state-owned lands. IOF also distributed 3 notices to stop construction work in 2 houses and an agricultural room in Nowiatif area, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C, and gave them until 24 June 2020 (to hold a session during which it will be decided to either demolish the building or return it to its previous status). The distributed notices were as follows:
  1. Jala Kan’an Rayan, stop construction work in an agricultural room built of tin plates.
  2. ‘Abed al-Hakeem Mohamed Mer’I, stop construction work in his 2-storey-house.
  3. Yaseen Nabil Mer’I, stop construction work in his 2-storey-house.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF moved into Khelet Nejarah area in Dirsitiyia village, north of Salfit. They distributed notices to stop construction work in Moneer Khalil Ahmed Mansour’s water well, under the pretext of working in Area C and in a natural reserve. IOF identified 10 June 2020 to hold a court session in Beit Eill during which it will be decided to either demolish the building or return it to its previous status.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF confiscated equipment belonging to Ras ‘Atiyia Cooperative Assocation for Agricultural Development, claiming that the association excavated an artesian well between Ras ‘Atiyia and Magharet al-Dab’ah villages, which are classified as Area C. IOF also confiscated a mounted-crane truck belonging to the association while excavating a new well in Tayseer Mohamed Mara’bah’s land to alleviate the water crisis that encounters farmers in the area.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 04 May 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-‘Aqaba village, east of Tayaseer village in Tubas. They demolished Murad ‘Awni Saleh Jaber’s 36-square-meter agricultural room built of brick and roofed with tin plates  in al-‘Aqaba village, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C.
  • On Monday, 04 May 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet ‘Allan in al-Shona area, north of Jericho. IOF were deployed in the area while the military construction vehicles demolished a 300-square-meter water pool. The Israeli Civil Administration officers dismantled Anwar Abu Jouda’s 160-square-meter barrack built of tin plates and used for breeding livestock before confiscating it, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. It should be noted that Israeli authorities and the Israeli Civil Administration Department handed Abu Jouda a demolition notice on 26 April 2020, upon Military order No. (1797), which gives Palestinians 96 hours to challenge before Israeli authorities. The new military order came into force in the West Bank on 1/4/2019, and its details hinder any attempt to challenge before the Israeli court.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 05 May 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Daher al-‘Abed village, southeast of Jenin. The Israeli Civil Administration officers hanged a notice on ‘Ameed Bassam Sameeh ‘Amarnah’s house door to stop working in his 220-square-meter house, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C.
  • At approximately 14:00, Israeli authorities built a new road on the Palestinians’ lands, which were confiscated from al-Swati family in Faqiqis village, southwest of Hebron, to connect “Negohout” settlement with “Mirchalim” settlement outpost.  Israeli authorities seek to expand “Negohout” settlement on the Palestinian confiscated lands and prevent their owners from accessing them from many years ago. It should be noted that the Settlement Sub-Committee in the Israeli Authorities announced a detailed plan for the construction of settlement units, buildings and roads in the “ Negohout ” settlement on Palestinians confiscated lands, west of Dura city in Hebron. The detailed plan was published on the website of the Israeli Ministry of Interior on 14 February 2018. The plan No. (A / 1/521) allocates 291 dunums and aims to change land uses from agricultural lands to residential areas designated for the construction of new settlement units. This plan came to expand the settlement established on Palestinian lands since the early 1980s, and to build more settlement units.
  • Israeli Settler Violence
  • At approximately 01:55 on Thursday, 30 April 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Hafat Gilad ” settlement, which is established on Surra village lands, southwest of Nablus, attacked Palestinians’ vehicles parked in front of their owners’ houses in the eastern area, western neighborhoods and on the village streets. They also vandalized Khaled Mohamed al-Hendy’s house walls and punctured the tires of 14 vehicles before leaving. PCHR keeps the names of affected persons.
  • On the same day, settlers, from “ Gilad ” settlement, attacked Amateen village lands, north of Qalqiliyia. They broke Riyad Sadeeq Beri’s 24 olive trees planted in al-Ahmar Mount area, north of the village.
  • At approximately 21:40 on Sunday, 03 May 2020, a group of settlers gathered in al-Zaytouna square, southeast of Nablus, under the IOF protection. They carried out riots in the area and no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Wednesday, 06 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Homish” settlement, which was established on Burqa village lands, northwest of Nablus, attacked Harbi Mohamed ‘Ali ‘Abdo (50), from Beit Amareen village, while breeding sheep in Bab Wad area. ‘Abdo was severely beaten, his left leg was fractured and 20 of his sheep was stolen by the settlers. The village residents helped him and returned 250 of his sheep. They phoned the Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS) to send an ambulance, which took him to Rafidia Hospital.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods
  • West Bank:
  • In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the movement of goods and individuals between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 38 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, and checked their IDs.

Jerusalem:

  • On Sunday, 03 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Jabei’ village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 30 April 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Janata and Taqou’a villages and in ‘Aqabet Hasna area, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 01 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Janata and Taqou’a villages and in ‘Aqabet Hasna area, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 03 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint in ‘Aqabet Hasna area, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Wednesday, 06 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Taqou’a and Janata villages, east of Bethlehem.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 30 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Bani Na’iem village, east of Hebron.
  • On Saturday, 02 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Yatta, at the southern entrance to Hebron, and at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Sunday, 03 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ethna village, west of Hebron.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Monday, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Bani Na’iem village, east of Hebron.
  • At approximately 10:00, Israeli authorities closed with cement cubes Abu Touq road, which connects bwteen Beit Ummer and Bypass road (60).
  • On Tuesday, 05 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beit ‘Awaa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron.
  • On Wednesday, 06 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp and at the entrance to Bani Na’iem village (Wad al-Jouz).

Nablus:

  • On Friday, 01 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Qasrah village, southeast of  Nablus, and on ‘Oreef-‘Asirah al-Qabaliyia villages road. IOF also closed Surra village entrance, southwest of Nablus.
  • On Saturday, 02 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint on’Oreef-‘Asirah al-Qabaliyia villages road, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 03 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Dir Sharafi village at the western entrance to Nablus. IOF also closed Hawarah checkpoint, at the south-eastern entrance to Nablus, and tightened their arbitrary measures at Za’tarah checkpoint against Palestinians who cross the checkpoint and undergo thorough searches before being allowed to cross.

Jenin:

  • On Wednesday, 06 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ta’nak village, on Jenin-Hifa Street, west of Jenin.

Qalqiliyia:

  • On Friday, 01 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village and at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.
  • On Saturday, 02 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village and at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.
  • On Sunday, 03 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village and at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.
  • On Monday, 04 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village and at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.
  • On Tuesday, 05 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village and at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.

Salfit:

  • On Monday, 04 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Salfit and at the entrance to Burqeen village, west of Salfit.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 30 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint on the main street, near “Beit Eill” settlement, which leads to al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah.
  • On Saturday, 02 May 2020, IOF closed with cement cubes the main entrance to Kafur Malek village, northeast of Ramallah, and prevented Palestinians from entering and exiting the village. The entrance was re-opened on Sunday, 03 May 2020.
  • On Sunday, 03 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint, searched Palestinian civilians, and checked their IDs.

Veteran Commander Deals a Blow to the ‘Israeli’ Military

Veteran Commander Deals a Blow to the ‘Israeli’ Military

By Staff

An ‘Israeli’ commander who entered an alleged Hezbollah tunnel with his soldiers informed his colleagues about his decision to retire in wake of the punishment he was subjected to.

Commander of the college of command and Staff unexpectedly announced to his commanders Major Joel Strick and Major Itai Virov that he intends to quit his job this summer.

Brigadier General Rafi Milo’s decision followed the incident in which he passed through an alleged Hezbollah tunnel into Lebanon, without receiving approval to do this. After ‘Israeli’ newspaper Yedioth Ahrotnoth revealed the case, Milo was punished by Chief of Staff Aviv Kochavi, who decided to delay his promotion.

Milo said: “To the extent that the punishment is too severe, I am retiring.”

The decision deals a severe blow to the Zionist military, forming a loss of the commander with the most operational experience assigned to a bold combatant, former commander of the Egoz unit, commander of the Golani patrol, 13th Golani commander, commander of the 13th squadron, and commander of the Galilee Division.

According to Yedioth Ahronoth, Milo is one of the rare commanders in the Zionist military, possessing much experience in guerilla warfare that describe the current wars carried out by the ‘Israeli’ occupation army.

Milo’s friends attempted to convince him to backtrack his decision, but their efforts were futile.

Additionally, Kochavi himself is expected to pressure him to stay in the military, the paper said, suggesting that the possibility of this option seems dismal.

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