IOF Shoots Down Own Drone Over Occupied Golan Heights, Suspecting It Came From Lebanon

IOF Shoots Down Own Drone Over Occupied Golan Heights, Suspecting It Came From Lebanon

By Staff, Agencies

The “Israeli” army said on Friday it shot down an “Israeli” Occupation Force [IOF] drone overnight near Jabal al-Shaykh [Mount Hermon] in the occupied Golan Heights after suspecting that it came from Lebanese territory.

The army said it is investigating the incident which happened overnight.

Later, warning sirens sounded Friday morning in several settlements in the [Galilee], near the “Israeli” entity’s border with Lebanon, but the IOF said no rockets were fired at the entity.

In a statement, the IOF said the sirens were activated over a suspected intrusion into “Israeli” entity territory by a drone, which later turned out to be false.

This comes amid heightened tension in the region, as the “Israeli” entity fears Hezbollah would retaliate the killing last month of one of its fighters in an “Israeli” airstrike in Syria.

The IOF had raised its level of readiness on the border, as military officials work to assess the impact of a massive explosion at Beirut port on Tuesday, which killed dozens of people.

Israel announces new attack against Syrian Army as border situation deteriorates

By News Desk -2020-08-03

BEIRUT, LEBANON (11:40 P.M.) – The Israeli Army announced this evening that its fighters launched an attack against military targets in Syria, describing the airstrikes as a response to an operation on Sunday.

According to a statement from the Israeli Army to Reuters, among the targets included in the strikes were Syrian observation sites, intelligence-gathering systems, anti-aircraft batteries and command bases.

The IDF spokesperson, Avichay Adraee, said in a tweet that the attacks came in response to the operation to plant improvised explosive devices that had been foiled yesterday in the southern part of the occupied Golan Heights.

He added: “The IDF considers the Syrian regime responsible for any operation that originates from its territory, and will continue to act with determination against any action that violates the sovereignty of the State of Israel.”

The source would add that their air defenses managed to intercept the enemy missiles; however, a military source told Al-Masdar that some of the Israeli projectiles did in fact hit the Al-Quneitra Governorate, at the strategic hilltop of Tal Al-Ahmar

Army Abducts Five Palestinians In Nablus, One Near Jerusalem

 August 3, 2020 4:11 PM  IMEMC

Israeli soldiers abducted, earlier Monday, five Palestinians near the northern West Bank city of Nablus, and one near Bethlehem, south of occupied Jerusalem.

Several army jeeps invaded ‘Aseera ash-Shamaliya town, north of Nablus, before the soldiers stormed and violently searched many homes.

The soldiers then abducted five Palestinians, identified as Ja’far Rawajba, Aqaba Fayez Shouli, Fares Bassam Shouli, Bassem Hamid Shouli, and Mohammad Ahmad Sawalma.

In addition, the soldiers abducted a young man, identified as Husam Hasan Abu Hussein, while crossing the Container Roadblock, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Related News

UPDATED: Israeli Army ‘in Combat’ with Hezbollah as Tensions Rise

Source

July 27, 2020

Explosions and gunfire were reported in the Shebaa Farms border area of the Israeli-Lebanese border. (Photo: via Twitter)

Israel on Monday reported a “security incident” on the Lebanese border leading to an exchange of fire, amid heightened tensions with Hezbollah.

Explosions and gunfire were reported in the Shebaa Farms border area of the Israeli-Lebanese border, after suspected clashes between with Hezbollah forces.

The Israeli military said it was engaged in “ongoing combat” at the border areas, enforcing a lockdown for civilians.

“Following the security incident in the Mount Dov area… residents are asked to stay in their houses. Any kind of activity in open areas is forbidden,” an army statement said.

Twitter

The Israeli military closed roads and told locals to stay in their homes, which has been the site of tensions between the two sides in recent days.

“We are in the midst of a complicated event,” said Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, on hearing news on the clashes.

Earlier, Netanyahu warned he would not allow Syria or Lebanon to be used as a base for attacks on Israel.

“We maintain the policy that I set years ago: we will not allow Iran to establish itself on our border. Lebanon and Hezbollah will be responsible for any attack against us that comes of Lebanon,” he said, according to Haaretz.

Twitter

A journalist with the pro-Hezbollah media outlet Al-Manar claimed that Israel carried out an unprovoked attack on Lebanese territory on Monday, posting an image that appeared to show the impact of artillery fire.

It comes after expected Hezbollah retaliation for the killing of one of its operatives in an Israeli airstrike in Syria last week.

Israel has bolstered its military defenses on the border region in response to the threats, with further reinforcements sent after the incident.

Hezbollah said it has increased its readiness “to monitor activities” and was expected to issue a statement on the incident later in the day.

UPDATE:

Hezbollah denied in a statement today that such a clash has taken place or that fighters belonging to the group attempted to penetrate Israeli defenses. It also warned Israel that a response to the killing of its top member Kamil Muhsin (who was killed in an Israeli bombing targeting an area adjacent to the Damascus International Airport last week) is “coming for sure.”

The statement also said that today’s attack by Israel which “targeted the village of Habariya, wounding one civilian, will not at all be met with silence” from the Lebanese resistance.

(Al-Araby Al-Jadeed, PC, Social Media)

Israel Reinforces Troops Near Golan Heights Fearing Hezbollah Retaliation To Strikes On Syria

South Front

The Middle East is rapidly moving towards a new round of confrontation between the US-Israeli bloc and Iranian-led Shiite forces.

On July 26, the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) deployed M109 Doher howitzers near the separation line with Lebanon. The deployment of howitzers became the latest in a series of broad measures employed by the IDF near Lebanon recently. Earlier, the 13th “Gideon” Infantry Battalion of the IDF’s elite 1st “Golani” Brigade reinforced troops near the border. The number Israeli Hermes 450 drone reconnaissance flights also significantly increased over southern Lebanon. Additional IDF units were also deployed in the occupied Syrian Golan Heights. On top of this, the IDF announced that it will hold the Lebanese government responsible “for all actions emanating from Lebanon”.

These measures followed the July 20 Israeli strike on Syria, which resulted in the death of a member of Lebanese Hezbollah. Over the past years, Hezbollah has been one of the main supporters of Syrian Army operations against ISIS and al-Qaeda. Tel Aviv increases its strikes on what it calls Hezbollah and Iranian-affiliated targets in Syria every time when the Syrian Army launches active actions against terrorists and seems to be very concerned by the possibility of a Hezbollah response to the July 20 attack.

If Israel is really set to conduct strikes on Hezbollah targets in Lebanon to the retaliatory action by Hezbollah, this scenario could easily evolve into a wider border confrontation between Hezbollah and the IDF.

At the same time, tensions between local resistance groups and the US-led coalition grew in Iraq. On July 24, the Islamic Resistance in Iraq, Ashab al-Kahf, announced that its forces had shot down an unmanned aerial vehicle of the US military over the province of Saladin. The group claimed that the UAV was downed by some ‘new weapon’ and released a photo showing the launch of what appears to be an anti-aircraft missile, likely a man-portable air-defense system.

On the same day, four unguided rockets struck the Pasmaya military camp, which is located 60km south of Baghdad. One of the rockets hit a garage for armoured vehicles, while another one targeted the barracks of the security unit. Two other rockets landed in an empty area. Despite causing some material damage, the rocket attack did not result in any casualties. No group has claimed responsibility for the attack.

The Pasmaya military camp is known to be hosting troops of the U.S.-led coalition and is used for training of Iraqi troops. On July 25, the coalition withdrew its forces from the camp and handed it over to the Iraqi military. According to the official statement, the coalition trained 50,000 personnel and invested $5 million into the creation of training infrastructure there.

Earlier in 2020, the US-led coalition withdrew its forces from several smaller military camps across the country. Some sources tried to present this as a withdrawal from Iraq due to the increasing attacks on coalition forces by anti-US Shiite paramilitary groups. These attacks increased significantly after the assassination of Iraqi Popular Mobilization Units Deputy Commander Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis and Iranian Quds Force Commander Qasem Soleimani in a US drone strike on Baghdad International Airport on January 3, 2020. The attack put the region on the brink of the US-Iranian war and caused a public outcry against the US military presence in Iraq. However, in fact, the US has not been withdrawing its troops from the country, but rather redeploying them to larger bases. The US military even brought Patriot surface-to-air missile systems to provide additional protection to its forces. It also continues isolated attacks on positions of the Popular Mobilization Units, an official branch of the Iraqi Armed Forces that Washington describes as terrorist groups and Iranian proxies.

On July 26, several large explosions rocked the al-Saqer military camp near the district of Dora south of Baghdad. The Al-Saqer military camp hosts forces of the Popular Mobilization Units (PMU) as well as the Iraqi Federal Police. Large quantities of ammunition, which were stored in the camp, exploded. Iraqi Security Media said the ammunition exploded as result of “high heat” and “poor storage”. Nevertheless, sources affiliated with the PMU rejected these speculations. Local sources claimed that the explosions were caused by US drone strikes. An MQ-1 Predator combat drone was spotted over the al-Saqer military camp just after the incident. This was the second situation of this kind that happened in al-Saqer. In 2019, a US drone strike hit a weapon depot at the camp.

The current situation sets almost no prospects for a de-escalation in Iraq. The main goal of attacks by local Shiite groups is to force the US to withdraw troops from the country. At the same time, the US is not planning to withdraw its forces and uses these attacks to justify the increase of its campaign against pro-Iranian forces in the Middle East.

ماذا تعني فرضيّة معركة بين حربين؟

ناصر قنديل

يعود استخدام مصطلح معركة بين حربين لستينيات القرن الماضي والأزمة التي نشبت بين واشنطن وموسكو حول كوبا، وعرفت بأزمة خليج الخنازير، عندما عزمت واشنطن على غزو شبه الجزيرة الكوبية، وعزمت موسكو على نشر صواريخ نووية على أراضيها، وكاد التصادم بين المشاريع يؤدي إلى الانفجار، فخرج معارضو التصعيد في واشنطن يحذرون من حرب عالمية ثالثة، وكان جواب دعاة التصعيد أنها لن تكون حرباً عالمية بل ستكون «معركة بين حربين»، والمقصود أنها معركة وليست مجرد إطلاق نار بسيط، لكنها لن تتحوّل إلى حرب، بل هي معركة بين حرب وقعت هي الحرب العالمية الثانية وحرب لم تقع هي الحرب العالمية الثالثة، وأن هذه المعركة سترسم موازين القوى مجدداً، حتى لو شهدت استخداما للسلاح النووي فسيكون استخداماً تكتيكياً موضعياً، يمنع نشوب الحرب العالمية الثالثة. وفي النهاية فازت المخاوف من الإنزلاق للحرب على تسويق فرضية المعركة، وتمت تسوية النزاع بتراجع متوازن، فتخلت واشنطن عن غزو كوبا وتعهدت بالامتناع، وتخلت موسكو عن نشر صواريخها النووية في كوبا وتعهدت بالامتناع.

استعاد منظرو الحرب في كيان الاحتلال نظرية المعركة بين حربين في توصيف ما يقوم به جيش الاحتلال من عمليات حربية في سورية، لتكبير حجرهم وتظهير جيشهم بمقدرات استراتيجية ليست عنده، فوصفوا الغارات بأنها جزء من معركة بين حربين، حرب تموز 2006، وحرب مقبلة، والتوصيف فيه الكثير من المبالغة، فالمعركة لم تقع بعد، وما يجري هو ضربات متفرقة تتفادى الحرب والمعركة في آن واحد، وشرط المعركة بين حربين غير متوافر هنا، في عمليات جيش الاحتلال، وهو جاهزية الفريقين المتقابلين للحرب وعزمهما على المضي قدماً، ونجاح كل منهما بقوة الردع التي يملكها بفرض خوض الحرب بضوابط وسقوف تجعلها معركة بين حربين، وتعيد ترسيم التوازنات، وبناء معادلات القوة. أما عمليات جيش الاحتلال في سورية، فهي تتراوح بين ضربات تكتيكية لتأخير جهوزية المقاومة في بناء قدراتها الرادعة وخصوصاً في مجال الصواريخ الدقيقة وتعترف بالعجز عن منع المقاومة من ذلك، لأنها تخشى الحرب والمعركة معاً، ورسائل سياسية تتصل بقواعد الاشتباك ومشاريع تعديلها من طرفي المواجهة، صعوداً وهبوطاً. وهي هنا بالتأكيد أقل من حرب ومعركة، أو رسائل إعلامية لداخل الكيان أو للجماعات المناوئة للدولة السورية في لحظات تعرّضها للهجوم لرفع معنوياتها، وهذه لا تستحق إدراجها بمنزلة المعركة بين حربين. فهل يمكن أن تتوافر الآن شروط المعركة بين حربين؟

المؤشرات التي تتيح مثل هذا الاستنتاج، تبدأ من حجم الاحتباس السياسي في العلاقات بين محورين متقابلين، محور تقوده واشنطن ومحور تقوده طهران في كل ملفات النزاع، ويضاف إليها التوقيت الحساس المرتبط بحجم الضائقة الاقتصادية في واشنطن بسبب الركود والإقفال الاقتصادي، وفي طهران بسبب العقوبات والحصار، وتحول الهم الاقتصادي مع هاجس مواجهة كورونا هموماً تتقدم الهموم السياسية، وفوقهما التوقيت السياسي المرتبط باقتراب الانتخابات الرئاسية الأميركية، وفيما تشكل الضغوط الأميركية على الجبهتين اللبنانية والسورية محاولة لتفاوض غير مباشر على شروط للانسحاب الأميركي مقابل ضمانات لأمن الكيان ومصالحه، بانسحاب إيران وقوى المقاومة من سورية، يصير للتجاذب الدائر وظيفة ذات وزن استراتيجي لا يمكن التساهل بمساراته ومعانيه، بينما كيان الاحتلال في ظرف صعب يجعله عاجزاً عن خوض حرب، لكنه عاجز عن تلقي ضربة، ومحور المقاومة بالمقابل عاجز عن المبادرة لحرب، وعاجز عن قبول تعديل قواعد الاشتباك لتحمل تبعات ضربة دون رد، ومع ارتفاع لهجة التهديد على لسان رئيس حكومة الاحتلال بالردّ على أي ردّ تقوم به المقاومة ينكشف عجز الكيان عن تحمّل ضربة، وينفتح احتمال تحوّل رد المقاومة على الغارة التي استهدفت محيط مطار دمشق واستشهد بنتيجتها أحد مجاهدي المقاومة، إلى بوابة لتصعيد يمكن أن يشكل فرصة لمعركة بين حربين، بما تعنيه من الامتناع عن الدخول في مواجهة مفتوحة شاملة، والسعي لاختبار المقدرات المتقابلة أملاً برسم معادلات وتوازنات جديدة.

The occupation entity waited for a foot and a half كيان الاحتلال «ناطر عالحيط على إجر ونص»

by nasser kandil

 ناصر قنديل

في بيان من سطرين نعت المقاومة الإسلامية الشهيد علي كامل محسن وأعلنت أنه استشهد في الغارات التي شنّها جيش الاحتلال على مواقع قرب مطار دمشق ليل أمس الأول، فدخل كيان الاحتلال في حال وصفته القنوات العبرية بـ “رعب الشمال”، وبدأت الأسئلة الكبرى تطرح على الطاولة في حوارات كل القنوات التي حفلت بضيوف من المحللين العسكريين، وكان الضيف الدائم، شريطاً مسجلاً للأمين العام لحزب الله السيد حسن نصرالله، يقول فيه إنه إن قتل أو اغتيل مجاهد من المقاومة فإن على كيان الاحتلال تحمل التبعات ومسؤولية النتائج، وإن الردّ سيكون حتميا والبادئ أظلم.

EddtRb7X0AI_UYZ

بعض الأسئلة التي يطرحها المحللون في الكيان من نوع، هل أجهضت عملية القصف الضغوط التي تستهدف حزب الله في لبنان، ومنحته فرصة الإمساك بزمام المبادرة، سواء بوجه دعوات الحياد التي فقدت قضيتها مع التذكير بالاستهداف لفريق لبناني تتم دعوته لتسليم سلاحه. وبعض الأسئلة الأخرى من نوع هل ارتكب رئيس الحكومة بنيامين نتنياهو الخطأ القاتل فمنح حزب الله الفرصة لصمت غامض يحبس الأنفاس، لمدة يتحكم خلالها بأعصاب اللاعبين الكبار الدوليين والإقليميين، تحت شعار السيد نصرالله الشهير، “بدكن تنطروا عالحيط واقفين على إجر ونص”، وكل الأسئلة تنطلق من أن تراكم الاحتباس والاحتقان في المنطقة محوره طرفان في النهاية هما كيان الاحتلال والمقاومة، وأن دور إيران وأميركا مرتبط بهذا المحور الحاكم بين المقاومة والكيان، ولذلك يصير القلق مشروعاً من أن تتحول أي حسابات متسرّعة وخطوات غير واثقة من النتائج إلى مدخل لمواجهة تبدأ من رد على عمل طائش خرق قواعد الاشتباك كما هو الحال الآن، فيتسبب الردّ بخسائر غير قابلة للاحتمال وتفرض رداً، ويبدأ سجال الرد والرد على الرد، وهو ما يمكن أن يتحوّل إلى نقطة انزلاق نحو مواجهة تخرج عن السيطرة، بينما لجم هذا المسار يفرض تسويات وتنازلات، ستطلب من كيان الاحتلال، باعتباره الطرف الأكثر حاجة لمنع هذا الانزلاق، بينما ستكون المقاومة مرتاحة لوضعها، فهي وفقاً لكل محللي الكيان قد تجد في جولة التصعيد فرصة لخلق معادلات جديدة تنتهي بتسوية وقواعد اشتباك ترفع معايير الردع المعاكس.

يسألون عن إطلالة قريبة للسيد نصرالله، فلا يجدون جواباً، ويقرأون كل ما ينشر على المواقع التي تمثل حزب الله ومؤسسات إعلام المقاومة فلا يجدون جواباً، وهكذا يقول مقدّمو حلقات الحوار، في قنوات الكيان، إن الكيان كله يقف على الحائط منتظراً على رٍجل ونصف، من دون أن يملك قادة الكيان في المستويين السياسي والعسكري القدرة على التكلم، فهم صامتون لأنهم لا يعرفون ماذا يقولون، ولم يجرؤ أحد منهم على القول بلغة العنتريات السابقة، إنهم جاهزون للمواجهة ولا يأبهون للنتائج ويضمنون النصر. فالصمت خير معبر على ضفة المقاومة عن الشعور بالقوة، والصمت خير معبر على ضفة الكيان عن الشعور بالضعف.

– البعض بين المحللين طرح سؤالاً بقي من دون جواب، ماذا لو كانت الجهوزية التي بشّر بها الإعلام الحربي، بفيديو “أنجز الأمر” و”انتهى”، كانت رسالة تحذيرية آنية وليست مبدئيّة فقط، تعني أن سورية وإيران وحزب الله قد اتخذوا قراراً برد طال انتظاره، وأنه سيكون مشتركاً وشاملاً على كل الغارات السابقة، مع أول عملية تمنح الفرصة للردّ وفقاً لقواعد الاشتباك المعمول بها، كما هو الحال الآن، فتصير العملية التي تبدو في الظاهر محدودة انزلاقاً لما لا تُحمد عقباه!

أخبار متعلقة

First Response Ambush Ambiguity: Marking of Time’s Deadly Agony Update الانتظار القاتل أول الردّ: غموض التربُّص

First Response Ambush Ambiguity: Marking of Time’s Deadly Agony
اول الرد الإنتظار القاتل – نقاط على الحروف – صوت آية حسن

ناصر قنديل

يعرف الأميركيّون و”الإسرائيليون” أن جوهر ما تدور حوله الضغوط على المقاومة يتصل بضمانات تريدها واشنطن لتل أبيب قبل الانسحاب من المنطقة، والضمانات تتصل بمستقبل وجود المقاومة في سورية ومستقبل الحدود البرية والبحرية للبنان مع فلسطين المحتلة قانونياً كإطار لفتح الباب للبحث بمستقبلها الأمني، ويعرفون أن ميدان المواجهة العسكرية هو ميدان تفوق للمقاومة بمثل ما هو الميدان المالي ساحة تفوق أميركيّة، ولذلك فإن الغارة التي شنها جيش الاحتلال قرب مطار دمشق وارتقى بنتيجتها شهيد للمقاومة، بما تمنحه للمقاومة من حق الردّ وفقاً لمعادلة أرساها الأمين العام لحزب الله السيد حسن نصرالله قبل سنة، ولا زالت سارية حتى تاريخ الغارة الأخيرة واستشهاد المقاوم علي محسن، تفتح ميدان التفوق الذي تنتظره المقاومة في هذا السجال المتعدّد الوجوه والأدوات، والممتد لشهور قليلة مقبلة حتى الانتخابات الرئاسية الأميركية، فلماذا يتوقعون من المقاومة سرعة توظيف الرصيد المتاح لها عبر رد محسوم، بينما بيدها مراكمة فوائد هذا الرصيد قبل صرفه؟

حال الذعر في كيان الاحتلال، واهتراء الجملة العصبية للكيان كتجمع استيطانيّ، بالتحفز لتلقي صفعة لا يعرف مكانها ولا زمانها ولا نوعها ولا حجمها، هو جزء من الفوائد لرأسمال قابل للصرف بتوقيت المقاومة، والارتباك في صفوف جيش الاحتلال الذي بدأت علائمه بحادث الأمس الذي أودى بحياة جندي سيتفاقم كلما طال الانتظار وتكثر تداعياته، والمساءلة السياسية للحكومة ورئيسها على التوريط الذي تسبّبوا به للكيان بالوقوع تحت ضغط رعب الشمال ستشهد المزيد مع الانتظار الصعب والقاتل، وسيرافق كل ذلك ركود في الأسواق يزيد على ركود كورونا كما هي حال كل توتر مصيري تمرّ به الأسواق الاقتصادية، فلمَ يتوقع بعض المتحمّسين أن تسارع المقاومة للردّ؟

في شهور السجال المالي والسياسي والميداني القليلة المقبلة، صارت المبادرة بإدارة الشق الميدانيّ منها بيد المقاومة، حتى تقرّر صرف رصيدها، وشكل الصرف ونوعه وحجمه، وطالما لم تقم المقاومة بصرف رصيدها فلن يجرؤ جيش الاحتلال على ارتكاب حماقة جديدة، وسيحرص الأميركي على التمهل في خطوات مالية وسياسية، وسيكون بيد المقاومة تقدير حجم الحاجة السياسية والميدانية للجرعة العسكرية التي يجب أن يحملها الردّ، والتوقيت الذي يلبي تكتيكاتها في قلب رؤيتها للتوازنات الاستراتيجية، ودرجة الاهتراء في جسد الكيان الذي سيزداد توترا وتظهر عليه علائم الوهن وتزيد. وربما يكون ملف الترسيم الذي يريد له الأميركيون و”الإسرائيليون” أن يفتح ويختم سريعاً بعدما تيقنوا من رفض عروضهم السابقة، ومثله العروض البديلة لمقايضة الانسحاب الأميركيّ من سورية بانسحاب قوى المقاومة وإيران منها، بعدما تيقنوا من سقوط هذه العروض، الساحة التي يتعلمون تقديم التنازلات فيها، وهم يتحفزون لتلقي الصفعة المرتقبة، فلمَ يعتقد البعض أن السرعة هي علامة القوة؟

الأكيد والثابت أن الدقائق التي فصلت بذكاء بين إعلان ارتقاء الشهيد أثناء أداء واجبه الجهادي، وبين إعلان ارتقائه بنتيجة الغارة قرب مطار دمشق، ستمرّ طويلة في ترجمتها الميدانية، بالقدر الذي تراه قيادة المقاومة، التي وضعت معادلة الرد ومثلها معادلة الجهوزية، وقالت إن الأمر أنجز وانتهى، ولا تعديل ولا تبديل في كليهما، فما أجمل الانتظار الذي يشبه بمفاعيله مفاجآت حرب تموز في مثل هذه الأيام، ومعادلة أنظروا إليها إنها في البحر تحترق، ومعادلة حيفا وما بعد حيفا وما بعد ما بعد حيفا!

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العدوّ يخضع لـ«تأديب ما قبل العقاب» وقواته التزمت «الوقوف على إجر ونص»

ابراهيم الأمين السبت 25 تموز 2020


إسرائيل مستنفرة وتنتظر الردّ

العدوّ يخضع لـ«تأديب ما قبل العقاب» وقواته التزمت «الوقوف على إجر ونص»
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من المفيد في حالة الصراع مع العدو أن نضع أنفسنا مكانه. أن نحاول بناء منظومة المعطيات التي تسمح له بتقدير الموقف. وبالتالي اتخاذ الخطوات، سواء كانت وقائية أو دفاعية أو هجومية. ومن الممكن الاعتقاد بقوة، أن «تغييرات ما» طرأت على العقل الإسرائيلي في الأشهر القليلة الماضية. وهي تغييرات تخص كل الأعداء في الشمال، وخصوصاً إيران. ويسود انطباع بأن قيادة العدو، بالتعاون مع جهات نافذة في الإدارة الأميركية، تعتقد أنه يمكن «اغتنام الفرصة» في هذه اللحظات العصيبة عالمياً، سياسياً واقتصادياً وصحياً، لأجل القيام بـ«إجراءات تعطل برامج إيران في المجالَين النووي والعسكري»، وأن الأمر يمكن القيام به حتى ولو تطور إلى مواجهة. وفي هذه الحالة، يبدو العقل الإسرائيلي عاملاً على فكرة جوهرية، وهي أن يكون الاشتباك مع إيران وحلفائها ليس مع إسرائيل وحدها، بل مع أميركا أساساً.

لنضع جانباً ما يجري في إيران. ثمة من يمكنه هناك احتساب القواعد وتقدير الموقف واتخاذ القرار. لكن ما يجري في سوريا ولبنان له قواعد تأخذ بشكل أساسي موقع وموقف الرئيس بشار الأسد. لا يمكن محاصرة الرجل أو ضغطه لأجل القيام بردّ مباشر على الاعتداءات الإسرائيلية. والقرار هنا مرتبط بالمصلحة الاستراتيجية، لأن هدف العدو من أي مواجهة في سوريا هو ضرب قواعد حماية النظام. ورهان إسرائيل أن ذلك يؤدي حكماً إلى إحداث ضرر كبير في برامج محور المقاومة بكامله. ولذلك، يمكن استعادة القواعد التي تولّت روسيا رعايتها ومختصرها يقول: روسيا لن تمنع إسرائيل من توجيه ضربات موضعية إلى خصومها من إيران وحزب الله في سوريا. لكنها لن تسمح لها بدخول طائراتها إلى السماء السورية. ولن تسمح لها بأن تضرب مراكز أو منشآت تهدد النظام. لكن للمعادلة الروسية إضافتها التي تقول: روسيا تتفهّم أي رد فعل يقوم به الإيرانيون أو حزب الله من سوريا، لكنها تعرف أن الجهتين لن تبادرا إلى أعمال من شأنها تهديد مصالح النظام الاستراتيجية. لكن المهم هنا، أن روسيا، وكما أنها لن تمنع إسرائيل من الهجوم، لن تقدر على منع إيران وحزب الله من الردّ.

العدو الذي يتصرف في سوريا بـ«راحة أكثر» من أي ساحة أخرى، لا يتوقف عن استهداف مراكز ذات طابع عسكري داخل الأراضي السورية، لكن استخدامها يكون في غالب الأحيان من قبل إيران أو حلفائها، حتى ولو كان بينهم سوريون. وهذه الهجمات على ضررها، لم تلامس حد تهديد البرنامج الاستراتيجي لمحور المقاومة بما يوجب الرد عليها بطريقة مشابهة. وهو أمر يعرفه العدو جيداً، وخصوصاً لناحية إدراكه العملاني بأن كل هذه الهجمات لم تدفع محور المقاومة إلى التوقف عن عملية بناء قدراته العسكرية الاستراتيجية. ولمن يهتم من الجمهور لمعرفة حجم الضرر، يمكنه العودة إلى تصريحات قادة العدو بأن كل هذه الهجمات لم تصب أكثر من عشرة بالمئة من برنامج المقاومة، فهل لنا أن نتخيل ماذا يعني نجاح المقاومة بتنفيذ 90 بالمئة من برنامجها؟

عند هذا الحدّ، يجب العودة إلى العقل الإسرائيلي حيال التصرف مع حزب الله على وجه التحديد. ليس حصراً لأن الحزب يمثل العمود الفقري لقوى المقاومة في المنطقة، بل لكون العدو يعتقد، وهو محقّ، بأن حزب الله يملك القدرات البشرية والتقنية والخبرات التي تسمح له بالمشاركة في إدارة هذه البرامج الاستراتيجية، بما في ذلك التي يُعمل على بنائها في سوريا، وخصوصاً أن الحزب يملك فعلياً ثقة إيران وسوريا، إضافة إلى ثقة كل القوى الرئيسَة في محور المقاومة. وبالتالي، فإن العدو يركز ضمناً على شكل تعطيل أو احتواء دور حزب الله في هذا المجال.

لكنّ إسرائيل تعرف، نتيجة خبرة 35 سنة، أن التعامل مع حزب الله ليس كما مع غيره، سواء كان قوى أو حكومات أو حتى أفراداً. وبالتالي، فإن على العدو أن يحسب في كل مرة الكثير من العناصر عندما يقوم بعمل قد يصيب حزب الله صدفة أو عن طريق «الخطأ المدروس». وهذا ما يجعل العدو مقيداً بصورة شبه كاملة في لبنان، ومقيداً بصورة كبيرة جداً في المناطق التي يوجد فيها عناصر من الحزب، أو يحتمل أن يكونوا موجودين فيها.

في سوريا، أصاب العدو في الخريف الماضي، مركزاً يديره الحرس الثوري الإيراني، لكن كان فيه كوادر من حزب الله. صحيح أن العدو يحرص على عدم إيذاء عناصر الحزب مباشرة، لكنه يرتكب الأخطاء، عمداً أو سهواً. وهو يعرف بأن عليه تحمّل مسؤولية ما يقوم به. ولمّا حاول في الخريف الماضي تبرير الأمر، وأنه سعى إلى الإبلاغ عن الهجوم قبل حصوله ووصل به الأمر إلى حد الاعتذار عن استهداف شباب المقاومة، إلا أن قيادة حزب الله بعثت برسالة واضحة بأن لكل خطأ ثمناً. ويومها، سعت المقاومة إلى تثبيت حقها في معاقبة العدو على الخطأ، لكنه عقاب يستهدف ليس حصراً تدفيعه الثمن، بل ردعه ومنعه من تكراره. وكانت عملية أفيفيم، التي لن يصدق أحد – ما عدا المقاومة وإسرائيل – أن عدم وقوع قتلى فيها كان نتيجة خطأ عسكري، لا نتيجة قرار.

اليوم عاد العدو إلى ارتكاب الخطأ نفسه. صحيح، أن الغارة على موقع قرب مطار دمشق مطلع الأسبوع الجاري يبررها العدو بأنها في سياق عمله ضد «التمركز الإيراني» في سوريا، لكنه تصرّف هذه المرة، مصحوباً بمناخات تحتاج إلى تدقيق، ولا سيما «نزعة التفلّت» من القيود السائدة لدى بعض أركان مؤسستَيه العسكرية والأمنية، هؤلاء الذين يراهنون بقوة على «تبدلات في المعطيات تسمح برفع سقف المواجهة مع إيران والحزب». وهذه التبدلات، كما يظهر في كل المعطيات المتداولة عند من يهمهم الأمر، تركز على أن حزب الله يمرّ بمرحلة «كبح جراء الأزمات السياسية والاقتصادية والصحية التي تواجه لبنان».

عند هذه النقطة، يجب فهم أن العقل الإسرائيلي كان يعمل وفق قاعدة أن ظروف الحزب في لبنان لا تسمح له بالقيام بـ«ردّ تناسبي» من النوع الموجع بطريقة «تمنع» العدو من تكرار المحاولة. ورغم ذلك، يلجأ العدو، وكما جرت العادة، إلى استعدادات، أساسها الاتصالات السياسية والعمل السياسي – الأمني الهادف إلى محاولة إقناع الحزب أو «مَن يمون عليه» بعدم الرد؛ وبقية عناصرها تتعلق بالاستعداد لمواجهة قد تبدأ بصدام موضعي وتنتهي إلى جولة قتالية أو ربما حرب واسعة.

ليل الإثنين الماضي، أغار طيران العدو على موقع قرب مطار دمشق. وبعد ساعات، علم الإسرائيليون أن احد الشهداء هو من حزب الله. فبادرت قيادة قوات الاحتلال ومؤسساتها الأمنية إلى إطلاق برنامج عمل أساسه الاستنفار والاستعداد على طول الجبهة الشمالية، متوقعين رداً من قبل المقاومة. وقد شملت الإجراءات الميدانية والاستطلاعية التقنية كل المنطقة الممتدة من ساحل الناقورة غرباً في لبنان حتى الحدود الشرقية للجولان السوري المحتل، وكل المنطقة المتاخمة للحدود. وتزامناً، باشرت قوات الاحتلال تنفيذ خطة وقائية تشمل المستوطنات المليئة بالسكان والقواعد العسكرية ونقاط المراقبة الحدودية. كما سارعت إلى الطلب من القوات الحليفة أو الصديقة، من الجيش الأميركي في قاعدة التنف إلى قوات الطوارئ الدولية العاملة في جنوب لبنان، القيام بما يسمح بتكوين صورة واقعية ودقيقة عما يمكن أن يقوم به حزب الله. وفي جنوب لبنان، وصل الأمر بعدد من مراقبي القوات الدولية إلى القيام بدوريات مكثفة في نقاط محددة، حيث يعتقد العدو أن رجال المقاومة يمكن أن ينتشروا فيها أو أن يتموضعوا لأجل القيام بعمليات عسكرية.

لكن العدو سعى في المقابل إلى رهن خطواته بأشياء أخرى، من بينها مراقبة تصرفات وتصريحات قيادة حزب الله. وبعدما تنفّس بعض قادة العدو الصعداء عند انتشار البيان الأول لنعي الشهيد علي محسن، بالقول بأنه سقط أثناء قيامه بواجبه الجهادي، عاد التوتر مع انتشار بيان نعي جديد، يقول بأن الشهيد سقط جراء الاعتداء الإسرائيلي. لكن العدو ازداد ارتباكاً وقلقاً عندما تم توزيع البيان الجديد من قبل جهات في إعلام المقاومة، ولكن ليس عبر بيان رسمي. فيما ترقب العدو خروج الأمين العام للحزب السيد حسن نصرالله لإطلاق موقف من المسألة، وهو ترقب مستمر إلى الآن. ففي دائرة القرار عند العدو، ثمة مَن يفكر بأنه في حال أطل السيد حسن، فسوف يحسم الأمر. فيما يعتقد بعضهم، أو يراهن، على أن عدم صدور موقف رسمي أو خطاب علني، يُبقي الباب مفتوحاً أمام خيار «عدم الرد» أو «الرد الشكلي». وفي هذه النقطة، سرعان ما يعود العدو ليقدّم رهانه ربطاً بالأوضاع الداخلية للبنان. وكان أبرز من تناول هذا الموضوع هو قائد المنطقة الشمالية في جيش العدو أمير برعام الذي قال لـ«هآرتس» إن لبنان يعاني أوضاعاً صعبة للغاية وإن حزب الله لديه انشغالاته الداخلية الكثيرة التي تقيده. لكن الجنرال نفسه عاد ليتحدث عن الخطرين الرئيسين: «قوات الرضوان والصواريخ الدقيقة». ومثل كل قائد عسكري أو مسؤول أمني لدى العدو، فإن ذكر الرضوان والصواريخ يجب أن يعالج بجرعة من التهديدات الكبيرة. وهي تهديدات يريد قادة العدو الرد من خلالها على ما يعتبرونه «الحرب النفسية التي يقودها حزب الله ضدنا». قال برعام: «نصرالله هو بطل العالم في الحرب النفسية»!
عند هذه النقطة، يمكن العودة مرة جديدة إلى العقل الإسرائيلي. الآن، حين يرفع جيش الاحتلال من مستوى استنفاره على الحدود مع لبنان، ويعزز قواته العسكرية والأمنية وأذرع جيشه كافة، لا يزال مصدر القلق «الإدراك العميق بأن الردّ آت». لكن ما يزيد من القلق هو «صمت حزب الله». في المرة السابقة، أطل السيد حسن نصرالله وقال لهم: «انتظرونا على إجر ونص»!. هذه المرة لم يقل لهم ذلك، لكنهم لا يتحملون هذا المستوى من «التأديب قبل العقاب». ربما الناس عندنا، أو حتى المستوطنون، يعتقدون أن عملية إخلاء عسكرية وأمنية لمنطقة حدودية شاملة وبعمق عدة كيلومترات، أمر سهل. بينما هو في حقيقة الأمر عمل منهك على الصعيد اللوجستي، ومكلف مادياً، لكن الأهم، هو إهانة كبيرة لجيش يعتد بنفسه ويأتي من يلزمه بالاختباء لفترة غير محددة. وهذا بالضبط ما حاول العدو القيام به منذ ليل الإثنين الماضي. أي أن يقوم باتخاذ تدابير وإجراءات احترازية، تزيل أهدافاً محتملة من أمام مهداف حزب الله، لكنها لا تلزمه «الخضوع» لعقاب «الإجر ونص».

ما يفوت العدو أن مبدأ الردّ ليس حاجة شكلية لحماية صورة المقاومة، بل هو حاجة مركزية لحماية منجزات المقاومة، وتبقى كلفته أقلّ بكثير من كلفة عدم الردّ


عملياً المشكلة في العقل الإسرائيلي، ليست في كونه «لا يفهم على حزب الله»، بل في كونه لا يزال يتجاهل قاعدة رئيسَة تقوم على فكرة المراكمة في الإنتاج وفي تثبيت الوعي وفي تثبيت الحق في المقاومة. وبالتالي، فإن قواعد الاشتباك التي قامت مع الوقت، منذ عام 1982 إلى الآن، إنما حصلت بجهد وتضحيات قلّ نظيرهما في تاريخ الصراع مع العدو. وكانت المقاومة على الدوام تعرف أن هناك كلفة كبيرة، ليس لعمليات المقاومة وحسب، بل لحماية منجزات المقاومة. وهذا ما تدرّج في حماية الناس منذ عام 1993 إلى اليوم، كما هو الحال بالنسبة إلى ملف الأسرى في سجون العدو. وبالتالي، فإن العدو الذي يفهم عقل المقاومة، عليه أن يدرك حقيقة مركزية تتعلق بأن أصل الرد ليس سببه «صورة أمام الجمهور». صحيح أن هذه الصورة أساسية، لكنها لم تكن لتوجد لولا أن الحزب يقدر على توفيرها وعلى حمايتها. وهذا يقود إلى استنتاج بسيط وسهل، ولكن قاسٍ بالنسبة إلى العدو، ومفاده: أن كلفة عدم الرد هي الأعلى وهي التي تجر خلفها أكلافاً كثيرة في كل الأمكنة، وليس على جبهة الاحتلال فقط. وبالتالي، عندما قرر الحزب، وخرج السيد حسن في خطابه الحاسم، لم يقم بذلك انفعالاً أو تحت ضغط الناس. إنما فعل ذلك انسجاماً مع المسار المفترض لحماية منجزات المقاومة. وهذا ما يجعل عدم الرد غير وارد على الإطلاق.
أما عن الرد وكلفته، فهناك محاولة إسرائيلية لتهديدنا بكلفة مفترضة مسبقاً، والقول لنا، بأن حق الرد صار مكلفاً أكثر مما تعتقدون. ومن قال له بأنه مكلف بأكثر مما نعتقد؟ وهل لديه يقين بأن كلفة الرد على رده، ستكون متناسبة مع قدرته على التحمل؟ ومن قال بأن جبهته الداخلية أكثر تحصيناً من جبهتنا الداخلية؟ ومن قال بأن مشاكله السياسية والاقتصادية والصحية ليست قائمة ومؤثرة في كل ما يقوم به اليوم؟ والأهم، من قال للعدو أو أفهَم قادته، بأن عدم الرغبة في إشعال الجبهة يعكس ضعفاً في الإرادة أو في الإمكانات؟ هذا هو موقع الاختبار الفعلي هذه الأيام.
وما ينبغي قوله عن «فلسفة الرد»، هو ما يجب أن يكون واضحاً ليس عند العدو وحده، بل عند الجمهور اللبناني، سواء عند الذين يؤمنون بخيار المقاومة وقدراتها وكلفتها، أو عند الذين ينشطون اليوم ضمن الاستراتيجية الأميركية – الإسرائيلية – السعودية التي تحاول تحميل المقاومة كلفة الخراب الاقتصادي في البلاد.

تحاول إسرائيل عدم دفع الثمن مرتين، مرة بالتأديب مع «وقفة الإجر ونص» ومرة ثانية عند تعرّضها للضربة، وجوابها الوقائي، استنفار بصوت خافت، والتهديد بردّ واسع


بالنسبة إلى جمهور المقاومة، الأمر واضح وليس فيه من جديد. هو برنامج مديد، مرّ عليه جيلان، وتنتظره أجيال حتى إنهاء ما يُسمى «إسرائيل». وعندما تخطط المقاومة لرد معين، فهي تأخذ في الاعتبار كل العناصر المرتبطة بهذا الرد. وتضع في حساباتها أن العدو قد يرتكب حماقة إضافية ويذهب إلى مواجهة. ومثل المحطات السابقة، فإن المقاومة تنتظره بما لا يسرّه ولا يسرّ حلفاءَه هنا أو في البعيد.

أما بالنسبة إلى الذين يعتقدون أنهم يقدرون على إطلاق حملة تستهدف المقاومة وتهدف إلى منعها من ممارسة حقنا جميعاً بالدفاع عن أنفسنا، فهؤلاء فاتهم أنها لن تكون المرة الأولى التي يعمدون فيها إلى هذا الفعل الشنيع. ومن نسي منهم، فليعد إلى وثائق ويكيليكس التي تفضح رغباتهم بنجاح حرب العدو. وهؤلاء، ربما عليهم هذه المرة، التنبه إلى أن خيانتهم لا يمكن أن تبقى كل الوقت من دون حساب، حتى ولو كانت قيادة المقاومة دائمة الرأفة بهم.

الحاصل في الساعات الماضية، أن العدو سرّع من الإجراءات التي ستقود حتماً إلى عملية إخلاء غير معلنة لكل المواقع في المنطقة الشمالية. لقد التزم العدو قرار التأديب الذي بات معروفاً بإجراء «الإجر ونص»، حتى ولو كان يحاول القيام به من دون ضجة ليمنع العار عنه. لكن ما يقوم به بدأ يبث الذعر أكثر لدى المستوطنين. وهي إجراءات تحاكي «تقديرات استخباراتية» بأن الرد حاصل. وإذا كان إعلام العدو حاول ملْء الفراغ الرسمي، وعمد إلى نشر تصورات وسيناريوهات لرد المقاومة، لكنها تقع جميعاً، ضمن الصندوقة نفسها. المخيلة الإسرائيلية، لا تقترب – أو هي لا ترغب بالاقتراب – من ملامسة احتمالات تعكس «عقل الصدمة» التي مثّلته عمليات المقاومة على مرّ السنين. ربما يجدر بقادة العدو فهم أن «صمت المقاومة» هو أيضاً جزء من الحرب النفسية التي تسبق عادة أي عمل تقرر القيام به. لكن تُرك لمَن بيدهم الأمر اختيار اللحظة المفيدة للبعث برسالة واضحة لا تحتمل التأويل… لننتظر!

«إسرائيل” اعتدت…والمقاومة ستردّ حتماً…فماذا بعده؟

العميد د. أمين محمد حطيط

تصرّ “إسرائيل” على الزعم بوجود قوات عسكرية إيرانية في سورية تتمركز بين دمشق والجولان وأنها تشكل خطراً على “الأمن الإسرائيلي”، لذا قرّرت التدخل العسكري للضغط على هذه القوات لإجبارها على الرحيل، وقد ادّعى نتنياهو انّ هذه الضغوط النارية أدّت بالفعل الى ضمور في الوجود الإيراني في سورية بشكل يشجع على مزيد من العمليات لاستكمال الانسحاب، ولأجل هذا تدّعي “إسرائيل” أنها كثفت عملياتها وطوّرتها الى العمق السوري في إطار ممارسة الضغوط الميدانية القصوى ضدّ الوجود الإيراني في سورية.

بيد أنّ الزعم الإسرائيلي يجافي الحقيقة في أكثر من موضع، أولاً لجهة طبيعة الوجود الإيراني إذ ليس لإيران قوات عسكرية ومراكز عسكرية قائمة استقلالاً عن القوات السورية، بل لديها كما أكدت مراراً خبراء عسكريون جاؤوا الى سورية بطلب من الحكومة الشرعية فيها ومهمّتهم تتركز على توفير ما يمكن من دعم للقوات السورية في حربها الدفاعية في مواجهة من شنّ الحرب الكونيّة التي تستهدفها. ثانياً لم يتراجع الوجود العسكري الإيراني حجماً ولم يتغيّر بطبيعته بتأثير من الاعتداءات “الإسرائيلية” وإذا كان قد تغيّر حجمه، فإنه تغيّر صعوداً وليس تراجعاً ما يؤكد فشل “إسرائيل” في تحقيق شيء من هدفها المعلن ولذلك نتجه للقول بأنّ للعدوان “الإسرائيلي” على سورية أهدافاً غير التي تعلنها.

أما عن وجود حلفاء إيران بخاصة حزب الله فإنّ وجوده في سورية وجود قتالي، وهو يجاهر به، وقد نفذه بناء على طلب من الشرعية السورية وعملاً بقاعدة تلتزمها المقاومة وأعلنتها جهاراً تقول “نكون حيث يجب أن نكون” وحزب الله في سورية لأنه رأى انّ عليه ان يكون فيها للدفاع عن المقاومة وعن محور المقاومة عبر مساعدة الجيش العربي السوري في إطار حربه الدفاعية في وجه عدوان شاركت فيها دول إقليمية ودولية حشدت أكثر من 300 ألف مسلح وإرهابي سوري وغير سوري لإسقاط قلعة المقاومة الوسطى.

إنّ اعتراض “إسرائيل” على قتال حزب الله الى جانب الجيش السوري أو السعي لمواجهته يشكل عدواناً مكتمل العناصر على سورية وحزب الله معاً، ولذلك كان واضحاً وقاطعاً الأمين العام لحزب الله بتوجيه إنذار الى “إسرائيل” مفاده انّ “أيّ مسّ بمقاوم او عنصر من عناصر الحزب يعمل في سورية سيردّ عليه من أيّ مكان في لبنان داخل او خارج مزارع شبعا”، وأرسى قائد المقاومة بمقولته تلك قاعدة اشتباك إضافية ومعادلة واضحة للمواجهة مع العدو من شأنها ان تحمي المقاومة وعناصرها على كلّ المستويات في سورية واختبرت “إسرائيل” جدية هذه المعادلة بعد أن نفذت المقاومة عملية “افيفيم” منذ أشهر حيث استهدفت بصواريخها المضادة للدروع قافلة “إسرائيليّة” داخل فلسطين المحتلة ثأراً لمقاومين استهدفتهم الطائرات الإسرائيلية.

ولكن يبدو أنّ “إسرائيل” تريد اليوم أن تختبر المقاومة مجدّداً بعد كثير من التطورات الإقليمية والداخلية اللبنانية، فأقدمت على عدوان جوي استهدف أحد مواقع حزب الله في ضواحي دمشق، ما أدّى الى استشهاد مقاوم من الحزب، وكعادته فإن الحزب لا يخفي شهداءه بل يفاخر بهم وإنْ كان يمتنع أحياناً لضرورات أمنية او عملانية عن تحديد مكان الاستشهاد وسببه، إلا أنه هذه المرة أعلن كلّ شيء عن الشهيد محسن الذي كان يرابط في سورية قادماً من بلدته عيتيت في جنوب لبنان. فنعى الحزب شهيده مؤكداً أنه قضى بنار عدوانية إسرائيلية استهدفت موقعه في سورية، نعي – إعلان يؤكد انّ شروط الردّ على العدوان متوفرة جميعها وفقاً للمعادلة الناظمة للمواجهة وبالتالي ليس الأمر بحاجة الى قرار بالردّ. فالقرار حتميّ طالما انّ شروطه اكتملت أما التنفيذ، فإنه يبقى خاضعاً لظروف عملانية لا تقيّدها سياسة.

بيد أنّ أسئلة تطرح هنا منها: لماذا استهدفت “إسرائيل” حزب الله الآن؟ وهل تريد أن تخرج من معادلة الردع الاستراتيجي المتبادل مع حزب الله؟ وهل يشكل عدوانها نقطة إضافية في مسار التهيئة للحرب ضدّ الحزب؟ أو لاستدراجه إليها؟ في ظلّ ما يروّج له من مؤثرات سلبية تحاصر حزب الله في الداخل اللبناني، حيث أضاف البطريرك الراعي الى مشاكل لبنان المؤلمة ملفاً خلافياً متفجراً بطرحه حياد لبنان في هذا التوقيت!

لقد سبق لـ “إسرائيل” أن اتخذت قراراً بالتنقيب عن الغاز في جوار البلوك 9 من المنطقة الاقتصادية اللبنانية، قرار يؤثر سلباً على حقوق لبنان في المنطقة البحرية المتنازع عنها، ما يجعل تنفيذه بمثابة تحدّ واستدراج لمواجهة عسكرية مع لبنان تردّ فيها المقاومة على العدوان الإسرائيلي من أجل حماية الغاز اللبناني، لكن “إسرائيل” وعبر القنوات الدبلوماسية وجهت رسائل غير مباشرة أوحت بأنّ القرار الإسرائيلي بالتنقيب هو قرار مستأخر التنفيذ وقد تكون وظيفته الفعلية والحقيقية الضغط على لبنان لجره الى طاولة التفاوض والقبول بحلّ أميركي يراعي مصلحة “إسرائيل”. وهكذا عطل المفعول التفجيري للقرار وبقي شبح المواجهة والحرب بعيداً.

اما الآن ومع المتغيّرات المتسارعة في لبنان والإقليم فإنّ طرح الأسئلة حول العدوان الجوي الإسرائيلي واستهداف المقاومة في سورية، مبرّر ويجب البحث عن هدف “إسرائيل” الحقيقي منه خاصة أنه منذ نعي حزب الله شهيده يُسجل سلوك عسكري إسرائيلي مريب في منطقة الحدود، ففضلاً عن الاستنفار الشامل استقدمت “إسرائيل” تعزيزات عسكرية كبيرة من المشاة والمدرّعات توحي بأنها تستعدّ لعمل عسكري ما، فهل ستكون الحرب وسيكون العدوان الجوي بطاقة الدعوة اليها؟ لكن وقبل مناقشة مسألة الحرب من عدمها نرى أنّ هناك ثلاثة أهداف رمت “إسرائيل” اليها مستغلة الواقع اللبناني الداخلي والضغط الأميركي هي:

1

ـ اختبار حزب الله وقدرته أو قراره في الردّ في ظلّ انشغاله بالوضع الداخلي في لبنان بعد المتغيّرات الأخيرة إثر التدابير الخانقة التي فرضتها أميركا على لبنان وسورية، وبعدما أحدثه طرح البطريرك الراعي من خلافات وسجالات حادة.

2

ـ محاولة “إسرائيل” الخروج من معادلة حماية المقاومين في سورية المعادلة التي أرساها السيد نصر الله كما وتريد فصل الميدان السوري عن الميدان اللبناني وهو ما يسعى محور المقاومة لجعلهما جبهة واحدة.

3

ـ مواصلة “إسرائيل” تنفيذ ما يقول عنه نتنياهو من استراتيجية الضغوط القصوى لإخراج إيران وحلفائها من سورية والتأكيد على نجاح هذه السياسة.

أما عن السؤال الآخر أيّ هل سيكون ردّ المقاومة مدخلاً للحرب؟

بداية نقول إنّ المقاومة ملزمة بالردّ والردّ حتمي لأكثر من اعتبار، وهو ردّ سيشكل في طبيعته ومكانه، تأكيداً على قوة وقدرة حزب الله المتصاعدة حجماً وفعالية، ردّ يوجه رسائل ضرورية الآن لكلّ معنيّ بالشأن، كما انه سيشكل عقاباً لـ “إسرائيل” على جريمتها، وثأراً لدم الشهيد، كما يشكل تثبيتاً صارماً لمعادلة الردع وقواعد الاشتباك الأساسية والإضافية.

أما عن الذهاب إلى الحرب فإننا نذكّر بأنّ المقاومة لا تزال تعمل بالاستراتيجية الدفاعية، وهي وإنّ كانت تنفذ بعض العمليات الهجومية فإنها تنفذها في معرض الدفاع، وهو أمر مألوف ومشروع، فإذا أرادت “إسرائيل” أن تثبت بأنّ قراراتها بالتنقيب عن النفط ثم استهداف المقاومة في سورية هي أعمال استدراج للحرب وتنتظر ردّ المقاومة لتشنّها أو أن تضع المقاومة بين خيارين إما الحرب او السكوت، فإنها لن تجد من المقاومة سكوتاً تشتهيه بل ستجد ناراً بمستوى ما يفرضه التحدّي.

وبالتالي الردّ واقع حتماً وعلى “إسرائيل” ان تختار بين ابتلاع الردّ الآتي لا محالة مهما كان حجمه وتأثيره أو الذهاب الى الحرب التي لا تسعى اليها المقاومة الآن، لكنها على أتمّ الجهوزية لها، جهوزية لم تؤثر فيها كلّ أعمال الصخب والضجيج والتحدّيات المتنوّعة في الداخل اللبناني أو الإرهاب الأميركي… ومع ذلك لا نزال نرى أنّ الحرب مستبعدة الآن و”إسرائيل” قبل غيرها تعرف أنّ الحرب ليست في مصلحتها… لكنها تحاول أن تبتزّ وتناور لتكسب شيئاً تظنّ انّ تحققه ممكن. ثم تحصد الخيبة.

*أستاذ جامعي – خبير استراتيجي

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Israeli strikes in Syria: why a Hezbollah retaliation is inevitable

Date: 23 July 2020

Author: lecridespeuples

A Hezbollah combatant was killed in the Israeli attack on Damascus. Israel expects a response.

Sources: Al-Mayadeen Web, July 21, 2020, and Al-Mayadeen TV, July 22, 2020

Translation: resistancenews.org

Video : https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x7v63yo

After Hezbollah announced the death of one of its fighters in the Israeli attack on Damascus on Monday evening, Israeli media reported “fear and vigilance in Israel” over Hezbollah’s expected response at the Lebanese-Palestinian border.

On Tuesday, July 21, Hezbollah announced the martyrdom of Ali Kamel Mohsen, who found martyrdom during the Israeli assault on the outskirts of Damascus airport on Monday evening.

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Martyr Ali Kamal Mohsein

Israeli media reported the “fear prevailing in Israel over the expected Hezbollah response, which announced that one of its members was killed in yesterday’s attack on Syria.”

Roi Kais, commentator on Arab affairs for the Israeli channel Kan, said in a tweet that Hezbollah’s announcement of the martyrdom of one of its members “certainly changes the picture.

Kais added: “Here we have to remind of Hassan Nasrallah’s equation: Any member of Hezbollah killed in Israeli attacks on Syria will be avenged by a retaliatory response at the Lebanese border.”

For his part, commentator and strategic issues analyst Yoni Ben-Menachem spoke on Twitter about “the vigilance in the Israeli security establishment for fear of a response from Hezbollah on the northern border.

It should be noted that regional sources have today denied to Al-Mayadeen the information that an Iranian officer was killed as a result of the Israeli aggression in Damascus’ outskirts.

A Syrian military source stated on Monday evening that 7 soldiers were injured, reporting as well material damage as a result of the assault.

Syrian air defense systems intercepted the majority of missiles fired by Israeli planes against southern Damascus from the occupied Golan.

UPDATE: On July 23, Al-Mayadeen announced that Israeli army drills planned at the Lebanese border have been canceled, and that one Israeli soldier died and another was injured when their vehicle overturned in the occupied Shebaa farms (confirmed by Times of Israel): even before the Hezbollah missiles which will not be long in coming—, fear is enough to avenge their martyr!

***

Reminder: the previous Hezbollah retaliations following similar incidents

Destruction of 3 Israeli armored vehicles on January 28, 2015, following an Israeli strike that killed 6 Hezbollah members in Quneitra

The equation announced by Nasrallah in his speech of January 30, 2015

The retreat of Israeli soldiers —replaced by wooden dummies— across the border with Lebanon following the assassination of two Hezbollah operatives in Damascus in August 2019

Hezbollah strike on Israeli armored personnel carrier after the killing of two of  its operatives in Damascushttps://www.dailymotion.com/embed/video/x7kl8z7

See also:

Nasrallah Promises Imminent Retaliation: No Israeli will be Safe, Netanyahou is Campaigning with the Blood of his People

Nasrallah: Hezbollah has no more ‘Red Lines’, all Israel can be Targeted

Nasrallah: IDF has turned into a Hollywood Army

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“Any amount counts, because a little money here and there, it’s like drops of water that can become rivers, seas or oceans…” Hassan Nasrallah

ISRAEL FEARS HEZBOLLAH’S RESPONSE FOR ITS FIGHTER KILLED IN SYRIA’S DAMASCUS

Source

A fighter of Hezbollah was killed in the recent Israeli airstrikes on the Syrian capital, Damascus, the Lebanese group announced on July 21.

The airstrikes, which took place on July 20, targeted a number of positions and military bases in Damascus’ outskirts. At least seven Syrian service members were injured as a result of the airstrikes.

The killed Hezbollah fighter was identified as Ali Kamel Mohsen, aka “Jawad”, a revenant from the southern Lebanese village of Aaitit.

Israel Fears Hezbollah's Response For Its Fighter Killed In Syria’s Damascus
Ali Kamel Mohsen, aka “Jawad.”

Hezbollah’s announcement caused wariness in Israel. The Lebanese group always responds to any attack on its personnel in Lebanon or Syria.

In August of 2019, two fighters of Hezbollah were killed in Israeli airstrikes on Damascus. The group responded within a week by targeting an Israeli military vehicle with an anti-tank guided missile in Upper Galilee.

According to Israeli media report, Tel Aviv has placed its military and security forces on highly alert after Hezbollah’s announcement. Air-defense systems were also deployed near the border with Lebanon.

Hezbollah will probably respond to the Israeli attack soon. A limited military response, similar to the last attack in Upper Galilee, would not lead to any serious confrontation with Israel.

MORE ON THIS TOPIC:

PCHR: Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (09– 15 July 2020)

Source

July 17, 2020 3:04 AM  PCHR

Summary

Israeli forces continued to commit crimes and multi-faceted violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, a civilian was killed by Israeli forces while he was walking with his friend in Kifl Hares village.

In addition, the army’s excessive use of force rendered 9 injuries among Palestinian civilians during raids and attacks on peaceful protests in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Furthermore, Israeli forces continued to arrest and raid the houses of those working with the Palestinian security services in the West Bank.

Over the past several weeks, the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, witnessed wide-scale demolitions and distribution of demolition notices of civilian houses and properties as well as confiscation of lands for establishing roads for settlements. This week witnessed an increase confiscation lands decisions, especially in al-‘Isawiya village in occupied East Jerusalem.

This week, Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) documented 168 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.

Israeli military shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: On 09 July 2020, Israeli forces shot and killed Ibrahim Mostafa Abu Ya’qoub (33) without justification while he was walking with his friend on a street, 600 meters away from the settlement street so-called “Aber al-Samerah”, in north Salfit. On 13 July 2020, Aseen Mahmoud Hamad Duhair(34), from Rafah, succumbed to wounds she sustained after Israeli warplanes targeted her uncle’s house on 04 August 2014. It should be noted that due the Israeli attack, Duhiar suffered a spinal fracture, causing paraplegia or paralysis.

Israeli forces shot and wounded 9 Palestinians, including a child, in excessive use of force against peaceful protests in the West Bank: 2 in separate incidents in Salfit, 2 in suppression a peaceful protest in Nablus; and 5 were wounded in IOF raid into al-‘Isawiya in occupied East Jerusalem.

In Gaza, 5 shootings against fishing boats were reported; and once against agricultural lands western and eastern Gaza Strip.

Israeli military incursions and detention of Palestinian civilians: The Israeli military carried out 96 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, inciting terror among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 76 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children. During raids, a Palestinian vehicle was seized.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: The Israeli authorities continued their settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 13 violations, including:

  • East Jerusalem: demolition of 2 houses; 1 self-demolished, a demolition notice given to a building in Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, and confiscation of dozens of dunams.
  • Bethlehem: 2 demolition notices and 2 cease-construction notices distributed, and 3 mixers and a concrete pump confiscated.
  • Salfit: 1000 square meters confiscated upon a military order.
  • Hebron: demolition of a 2-story house comprising of 2 apartments, 70 olive trees uprooted and confiscated, 70-square-long stone chains demolished, agricultural lands levelled, and an agricultural room demolished.
  • Tulkarem: a barrack and a cement wall demolished.

PCHR also documented 2 settler attacks: assault and vandalization on Palestinians’ vehicles in Laban al-Sharqiyia village, and establishing a settlement road in southern Hebron.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst blockade in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Furthermore, since the Palestinian Authority (PA) ended security coordination with Israeli authorities in May 2020, hundreds of critically ill patients whose condition cannot afford delays in treatment were denied travel. This was amplified by the restrictions put in place by Israeli forces since March 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic that had already had grave implications on the humanitarian and economic situation of the Gaza Strip population. Recently, a very limited number of individual cases of patients who have obtained medical referrals and financial coverage to Israel were able to travel, and some others referred to Israeli organizations working in the field of health for assistance in coordination.

Meanwhile, Israeli forces continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.
 
1. Violation of the Right to Life and to Bodily Integrity/Shooting

  • On Thursday, 09 July 2020, IOF shot dead a Palestinian civilian without justification while he was walking with his friend in Kifl Hares village. According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 23:00 on Thursday evening, Israeli forces deployed in an olive field in Kifl Hares village, north of Salfit, fired 4 – 5 live bullets at 2 Palestinians who were walking on a street, 15 meters away from the olive field. The olive field is about 600 meters away from a bypass road by Israeli settlers and IOF and links between several Israeli settlements and sites. As a result, Palestinian Ibrahim Mustafa Abu Yaqoub (33), from Kifl Hares village, was shot with a live bullet in his neck. Abu Yaqoub’s friend and two passersby transferred his via a civilian vehicle to Yasser Arafat Hospital, but he died before arriving to the hospital.

“At approximately 13:00 on Thursday, 09 July 2020, I called my friend Ibrahim and informed him that I am on my way to his house in Kifl Hares village in Salfit. We went out and made a phone call with one of our friends and told him that we are going to visit him, but the said that he went to Bedia village. Therefore, we decided to go back to Ibrahim’s house. While we were walking on the street, we heard a sound of gunfire as we were near Ali Saleh Hamad’s house next to olive fields that were about 15 meters away from our place. I thought that the shooting was far away, but Ibrahim suddenly stopped and said: “Haitham call my family and tell them that I got shot”. I was surprised because I thought that the gun fire was around us as IOF fired 4 – 5 sporadic live bullets. Ibrahim said he was shot in his chest and asked me to call his family. I thought he was joking, but I saw his shirt was covered with blood and he fell on the ground. I immediately called his brother. 2 young men, who were in the other side of the street, rushed to me and one of them namely Sari, moved Ibrahim to his vehicle and we all stepped into it. We attempted to leave from the village’s main entrance, but the shooting renewed from the olive field again. We returned to Hares village’s road and took Ibrahim to Salfit Hospital. However, Ibrahim died 10 minutes later and stopped moving as blood came out of his mouth. I later learnt that Israeli soldiers were deployed among the olive field, noting that for the last 5 five days, Israeli forces have been storming the village and deploying between olive trees. Four days ago, an Israeli military vehicle stopped me and an officer said to me, that if stoning did not stop in the village’s main street, they would carry out killings.”

  • Simultaneously, Israeli forces deployed in another olive field in the same village, as they were about thousand meters away of the above-mentioned olive field, opened fire in the adjacent neighborhoods. As a result, a 15-year-old child , from Kifl Hares villages, was shot with a live in his foot while being present adjacent to a house located in the main street, which about 10 meters away from the olive The child was transferred to Istishari Arab Hospital in Ramallah and his injury was classified as moderate. According to Israeli media, IOF alleged that they opened fire in the area after a Molotov cocktails was thrown at “Aber al-Samerah” street, south of the Kifl Hares village.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Friday, 10 July 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed adjacent to the border fence in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area. Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 11:30 on the same Friday a peaceful protest took part from the center of Asirah northern village, north of Nablus, into lands threatened to be confiscated in al-Marj and Beit al-Zaki areas in Ebal Mount, east of the above-mentioned village. The protest was organized upon calls national factions in Nablus. The participants raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against Israeli forces, settlers, Israeli annexation plan, and the U.S president Donald Trump’s Middle East plan. When the participants arrived at the area, a large number of IOF were waiting for them in the area. The participants performed Friday prayer in the above-mentioned land while Israeli soldiers were surrounding OF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, Hazem Yusuf Taher Yaseen (46), was shot with a sound bomb in his right hand that caused amputation of the middle finger and fracture in his index finger. A 52-year-old man also was shot with a sound bomb in his left leg that caused fracture in his leg’s instep. Another civilian’s leg was fractured after he was pushed by Israeli forces. The wounded civilians were transferred to al-Najah Hospital in Nablus for medical treatment. Many civilians also suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and they received medical treatment on the field. Israeli forces detained Yazan Khalid Yaseen (25), from the same village, severely beat him with their legs and rifles’ butt, dragged him on the ground, and took him to an unknown destination. Yaseen was later released and he referred to al-Najah Hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 13:00 on the same Friday, Israeli forces stationed at the northern entrance to Kufur Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians. Israeli forces chased young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. Many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 14:00 on the same Friday, Israeli forces stationed in the vicinity of a military watchtower established on lands of Kufur Qaddoum village, north of Salfit, fired live bullets at dozens of Palestinians participating in a funeral procession of Ibrahim Mustafa Abu Yaqoub, who was killed by IOF the previous day. Israeli forces chased young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 22-year-old young man was shot with a rubber bullet in his right leg.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Saturday, 11 July 2020, Israeli forces stormed al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They deployed in the village neighborhoods, established checkpoints at its entrances and searched vehicles before allowing them to leave the village. In the meantime, a number of young men protested at Al Mahmoud neighborhood’s entrance, west of the village, and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli soldiers. A large Israeli force immediately stormed the neighborhood, fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at civilians and clashed with them. As a result, 5 civilians were injured, 4 of them were shot with rubber bullets and the fifth was hit with tear gas shrapnel. Two civilians also sustained burns to their faces after Israeli soldiers pepper-sprayed them. IOF arrested Sa’di Mahmoud and his sons Mohammed (23) and Ahmed (20) and withdrew from the village.
  • At approximately 03:00 on Sunday, 22 July 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of the Gaza Strip, chased and sporadically opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 18:00 on Monday, 14 July 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Rafah in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 4 nautical miles ). Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 22:40 on the same Monday, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of the Gaza Strip, chased and sporadically opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 – 5 nautical miles). Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Wednesday, 15 July 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Gaza Valley (Johur al-Dee), south of Gaza city, opened fire at agricultural lands, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:50, on the same Wednesday, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Rafah in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (6 nautical miles) and fired flare bombs. Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.

II. Incursions and Detentions

Thursday, 09 July 2020:

  • At approximately 12:00, Israeli forces detained Rami Mohammed Ghaith (26), while present near al-Baraq (Wailing Wall) in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and took him to one of the investigation center in the city.
  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Ras Ateya village, south of Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and detained Tareq Majed Mara’ba (17).
  • At approximately 01:25, Israeli forces moved into Mithlon village southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Majed Hafiz Na’irat’s (53) house, head of health department in Mithlon village, and detained him.
  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Sa’eer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and detained Sowah Atta Jaradat (45) and Wajdi Nayef Mohammed Jaradat (23).
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in al-Daheya area. They raided and searched Mohammed Salah al-Qawasma’s (24) house and detained him.
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Ayman Obaid (21) and Omar Ahmed Mahmoud (16), and detained them.
  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Betounia, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Fahmi Assi’s house and detained his daughter Ruba Fahmi Assi (18), a student in Birzeit University.
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit Anan village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Obaid al-Mutairy (24) and Mo’ath Mujahed al-Mutairy (20), and detained them.
  • At approximately 03:20, Israeli forces moved into al-Beireh, north of Ramallah, and stationed at Um al-Sharayt neighborhood, southeast of al-Beira. They raided and searched Hussain Mohammed Hussain Abu Kwaik’s (65) house, one of Hamas Movement leaders, detained him and took him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Am’ari refugee camp, southeast of al-Beira, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Jamal Mohammed al-Taweel’s (57) house, one of Hamas Movement leaders, detained him and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and detained (4) civilians: Allam Sami Massad (51), Bassam Hassan Tayeh (49), Abdulla Afeef Zakarna (57), and Mazen Mohammed Zreiki (58).
  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces reinforced with two military vehicles moved into al-Shoyoukh village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Eid Halayqa’s (39) house and no detentions were reported.
  • At approximately 04:30, Israeli forces moved into Qalqilia. They raided and searched Abdul Rahman Mahmoud Hanini’s (24) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 10:00, the Israeli Intelligence Services moved into Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Shady Saad al-Mtawar’s (44) house, the Secretary of Fatah movement in Jerusalem, and handed him a summons to refer to al-Muskobeya investigation center in West Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF moved into Khillat Hassan, west of Salfit. They raided and searched Azmi Taha Hamdan’s (24) house and detained him.
  • In the evening of the same day, Israeli forces established a temporary military checkpoint between Ramallah and Jenin, north of the West Bank. IOF detained Mohammed Falah Yousef Owais (26), from Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. Israeli forces took him to an unknown destination.
  • Israeli forces carried out (10) incursions in al-Jadida and Siries, southeast of Jenin; Ein al-Bida, east of Tubas in the northern valleys; Silwad in Ramallah; Ein al-Sultan refugee camp and Jericho, in Jericho governorate; Qafin in Tulkarem; Hebla in Qalqilia; Kifl Hares and Derastya in Salfit. No detentions were reported.

 
Friday, 10 July 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Mahmoud Mohammed Shamisty’s (40) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into the southern area of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and detained Amjad Mahmoud Jaber (22) and Malek Haroun Jaber (19).
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Abdullah Sami Dwaik’s (17) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Jaba’ village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Zeyad Zaki Twam’s (25) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 12:00, Israeli forces stationed at Za’tara military roadblock, southeast of Nablus, detained Shady Mahmoud Mohammed Hammad (33), member of the Palestinian National Security, from al-‘Arqa village, west of Jenin. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Sa’deya neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Tamer Mohammed al-Khalafawi’s (22) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 21:40, Israeli forces established a temporary military roadblock at the entrance of Jebia village, north of Ramallah, stopped Ra’d al-Barghouthi’s (35) car while driving with his friend, Mohammed Ali Saleem (31), and detained them. IOF released them after several hours but confiscated their car, under the pretext of being illegal.
  • Israeli forces carried out an incursion in Tayaseer village, east of Tubas. No detentions were reported.

 
Saturday, 11 July 2020:

  • At approximately 00:40, Israeli forces stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested Ibrahim Samir al-Banna (28), member of the Palestinian National Security, from Askar refugee camp, northeast of Nablus. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Siraj Eshaq Abu Hashhash’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Eissa Ali Abu Arram’s (40) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:40, Israeli forces moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Adham Omar Qabha (25), Mohammed Bassam Ba’jawi (35).
  • At approximately 04:10, Israeli forces moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abd Rabbo Khaled Hashash (21) and Fathi Hani Abu Rizq (20).
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli forces arrested Ahmed Ali al-Mallah (26) while present near Qalqndia refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

 
Sunday, 12 July, 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli army, reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Yazeed Mohammed Abu Eisha’s (20) house, in Ras al-Joura neighborhood, and detained him.
  • Israeli forces carried out (4) incursions in al-Samoua’ and Dura villages in Hebron governorate; Hares and Kifl Hares villages, north of Salfit. No detentions were reported.

 
Monday, 13 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Towr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and detained (3) civilians; Mohammed Tayseer Abu Sbaitan (29), Ahmed Khaled Abu Ghannam (21), and Mousa Abu Ghannam.
  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Thawri neighborhood, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mo’taz Waleed Shwaiky’s (18) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Ein al-Lawza neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied east Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mousa Na’eem Fatafita’s (33) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Hindaza, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Huthaifa Yasser Abayat’s (23) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into ‘Arraba village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and detained (3) civilians; Ahmed Adnan Suliman Murdai (33), Ja’far Fawzi Abdullah Abu Salah (53), and Hassan Ramzi Hussain Abu Salah (43). IOF released Ja’far Abu Salah in front of “Mafi Dutan” settlement on the entrance of Arraba at approximately 10:00.
  • At approximately 04:30, Israeli forces moved into Abayat village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mahmoud Abdul Karim Ayyad (29) and Mohammed As’ad Nawawra (26), and detained them.
  • At approximately 06:00, Israeli forces moved into Taqoua’, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Salem al-Sabbah’s (24) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 07:00, Israeli forces stationed at al-Nafaq military checkpoint, west of Beit Jala, detained Mustafa Kamel Ayesh (21), and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:00, Israeli forces stationed at the end of al-Wad street, near Bab al-Majles, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, detained (5) civilians including 3 children. The detainees are: Abdul Rahman Ayman al-Bashiti (16), his brother Hatem (14), Ameer Mohammed al-Malki (19), Mustafa Mousa Abu Sanina (19), and Suhaib Abu Saleh (16).
  • At approximately 18:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Wad street in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched al-Aseel Deserts store, and detained its owner Jehad Nazmi Abu Sbaih (37).
  • Israeli forces carried out (3) incursions in ‘Allar village, north of Tulkarem; Kifl Hares and Hares villages, north of Salfit. No detentions were reported.

 
Tuesday, 14 July 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Anas Awni Abu Balaha’s (25) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Barqin village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Abdullah Hasan Soboh’s (19) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Jadida village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Thafer Sami Zaqouq’s (20) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 03:50, Israeli forces moved into Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mujahed Ayed Flaih’s (28) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 07:00, Israeli forces moved into Hizma village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hasan al-Khateeb’s house and detained his sons, Hamada (30) and Omar (24).
  • Israeli forces carried out (3) incursions in Hebron, Sa’eer, and Yatta, in Hebron governorate. No detentions were reported.

 
Wednesday, 15 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Kafr Ein village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Hussam Yousef al-Barghouthi’s (30) house house and detained him.
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Silat al-Thuhr village, south of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Jarrah Abdullah Hantouli (25) and Mofeed Fathi Za’rour (35), and detained them.
  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Urif village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Khaled Mustafa Sbbah’s (22) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces infantry unit moved into Beit Rima, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Saleem Rasem al-Rimawi’s (36) house and detained him. It should be noted that al-Rimawi is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons for 9 consecutive years.
  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces moved into Deir Abu Mish’al village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Wael Mohammed Atta (27) and Taha Hussain al-Barghouthi (29), and detained them.
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Kobar village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided anmd searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Maher al-Barghouthi (26) and Fladimir Majed al-Barghouthi (45), and detained them.
  • At approximately 05:20, Israeli forces moved into Ramallah, and stationed in al-Masayef neighborhood, in the northern side of the city. They raided and searched Husni Mohammed Dars’s (47) house and detainedhim. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • Israeli forces carried out (6) incursions in al-Nabi Saleh, Deir al-Swadan, Um Safa, ‘Aroura, and Berzeit, in Ramallah; and Burin village, south east of Nablus. No detentions were reported.

 
III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

a. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 09:00 on Friday, 10 July 2020, Israeli authorities notified to demolish parts attached to 2 inhabited houses in al-Walajah village, west of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Activist Ibrahim ‘Awadallah said that Israeli forces notified Ahmed Mohammed ‘Awadallah and Mohammed ‘Abdullah Rabah to demolish parts attached to their houses in ‘Ain Jowizah area, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Awadallah added that the notification gave the houses’ owners until next Sunday to implement it, or they will bear the demolition costs. It should be noted that ‘Ain Jowizah area is exposed to a settlement attack, including demolishing houses and retaining walls and stop construction works in other houses.
  • At approximately 13:00 on the same day, Israeli forces moved into Um Rokba area and distributed notices to stop construction works in 2 inhabited houses located in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. The first 330-square-meter house belongs to Nader ‘Abed al-Salam Salah, and the second 500-square-meter house belongs to Mohammed Mahmoud Salah. Also, IOF detained 3 mixers and a concrete pump from Mohammed’s house.
  • On Sunday, 12 July 2020, Israeli Municipality staff raided al-Tahan family’s facility in Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. The municipality staff informed the family to evacuate the facility comprising of 3 apartments as a prelude to demolish it. Weal Tahan clarified that the Israeli Municipality issued a demolition notice against the facility built in 1990, under the pretext of non-licensing. He added that in 1993 the municipality issued a decision to confiscate the land for the “public benefit” and began pursuing the family after construction on their land. Tahan added that many hearings were held to stop demolition and confiscation, but in vain. Tahan said that the municipality imposed a fine of NIS 260,000 on the family and they paid it. Tahan pointed out that 5 families lived in the facility.
  • On the same day, Bahaa’ ‘Adnan Zaytoun implemented the Israeli Municipality order and self-demolished his house in Bir Ayoub neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Zaytoun said that the Israeli Municipality threatened him to pay heavy fines if its staff implemented the demolition. He added that his 75-square-meter house sheltering 6 persons, including 4 children, was built 4 years ago. It should be noted that since the beginning of this year, Israeli authorities forced 25 Jerusalemite families to self-demolish their houses or they will pay the demolition costs. Regarding the Israeli Municipality staff, they demolished 31 houses in occupied East Jerusalem since the beginning of 2020, in addition to 11 facilities and an under-construction house. Israeli authorities imposed many obstacles on Jerusalemites citizens and refused to license their houses.
  • On Monday, 13 July 2020, Israeli Municipality staff hanged eviction notices on dozens of dunams in al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of being state owned-lands. Mohammed Abu al-Humus, Member of al-‘Isawiya Follow-up Committee, said Israeli police officers accompanied with the Israel Lands Administration staff hanged notices on Palestinian lands confiscated in 1967. Parts of these lands were given to Hadasah Hospital to establish parking and other facilities, and were given to expand “French hill” The owners of these lands are prohibited from using the rest of their lands. Abu al-Humus clarified that the dunams belong to ‘Eliyan, Mostafa, Derbas, Abu Reyalah, Darwish, Mahmoud, and ‘Obaif families. Abu al-Humus added that the notices ordered the owners to demolish and remove all constructions and trees from the land. It should be noted that Israeli authorities recently distributed dozens of eviction notices in al-‘Isawiya village for settlement expansion.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Monday, 13 July 2020, Israeli forces backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet Bereen, southwest of Bani Na’iem village, east of Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers handed Ya’qoub Ishaq Ya’qoub Burqan and As’ad Yousef Burqan final demolition notices against their under-construction house (120 sqm). The notices gave them 7 days to challenge. It should be noted that the Israeli authorities notified the mentioned civilians on 07 June 2020 to stop construction works in their house comprising of 2 apartments and gave them until 17 June 2020 to challenge. Fareed Burqan, Head of the Village Council, said that;
    “I went with the owners of the house to the Israel Lands Administration Department in order to challenge the decision, but Israeli soldiers there prevented us from entering, under the pretext of the Coronavirus pandemic.”
  • At approximately 09:00, Israeli forces backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-‘Adisa area, south of Sa’ir village, north of Hebron. The soldiers were deployed in the area while the Israeli Civil Administration officers cut Yousef Isma’il Yousef Jaradat’s 70 olive trees plated 5-10 years ago and confiscated them. This land is located within a land of 350 dunams, adjacent to “Kiryat Arba ” settlement, east of Hebron, and Israel considers it as state-owned land. It should be noted that Jaradat was previously handed a seizure notice by Israeli forces.
  • At approximately 09:30, Israeli forces backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Khelet al-‘Eidah area, east of Hebron. The Israeli bulldozer demolished a 70-meter-long stone chains and levelled Nemer Fahmi Mostafa Jaber’s 2-dunam land, under the pretext of being state-owned land. The losses were estimated at NIS 40,000. It should be noted that Israeli authorities distributed eviction notices on 17 March 2020.
  • At approximately 10:00, Israeli forces backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Boq’ah area, east of Hebron. IOF leveled Mohammed Mostafa ‘Awwad Jaber’s agricultural land (1.5 dunams), under the pretext of being state-owned land and near the bypass road (60) and “Kiryat ‘Arba’” and “Karsina” settlements. It should be noted that on 05 July 2015, Israeli authorities demolished stone chains surrounding the agricultural land. On 03 May 2015, the Israeli authorities notified Jaber to vacate the agricultural land within 45 days and return it to its previous status, under the pretext of being state-owned land, or he will pay the eviction costs to the Israeli authorities. During the previous years, Jaber had obtained a land reclamation project from the agricultural labor committees, which included a 10-dunam plot of land, a water well, barbed wire and stone chains. The Israeli bulldozers demolished the water well and stone chains and razed the agricultural land. They also confiscated irrigation networks, fertilizer, generator, and pesticide spraying machine. At the beginning of 2014, Jaber reclaimed the land at his own expense and rebuilt part of the chains that had been destroyed by IOF, but the Israeli Civil Administration Department issued new notifications against the land, so he bulldozed it for the 2nd time.
  • At approximately 13:00, Israeli forces moved into ‘Izbet Shofa village in eastern Tulkarem, where they demolished a barrack and a cement wall surrounding ‘Amer Mohammed Hamed’s parking. Also, Israeli forces demolished another wall surrounding Malek Abu Safiyia’s land, under the pretext of being in Area C.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Wednesday, 15 July 2020, Israeli military construction vehicles demolished Ghassan Mostafa Shoqirat’s residential house in al-Mokaber Mount area, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Shoqirat (24) said that Israeli forces moved into Shoqirat neighborhood, closed the area surrounding his 120-square-meter house and demolished it. Shoqirat clarified that Israeli forces handed him a fine and withdrew later.
  • At approximately 10:00, Israeli forces backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers move into Beit Marsam village, west of Dura, southwest of Hebron. Israeli forces demolished Mahmoud ‘Abed al-‘Aziz al-Sharha’s 60-square-meter agricultural room built of bricks and tin plates. Al-Sharha’s losses were estimated at NIS 24,000. It should be noted that the Israeli Civil Administration Department handed al-Sharha a cease-construction notice on 02 June 2020, and handed him a demolition notice on 03 July 2020.

b. Israeli Settler Violence

  • At approximately 03:00 on Thursday, 09 July 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Price Tag” groups, attacked al-Laban al-Sharqiyah village, southeast of Nablus. The settlers attacked Palestinian civilians’ vehicles parked in front of their owners’ houses and on the village streets. Also, they vandalized the vehicles with racist slurs and punctured the tires of 8 of them before leaving. PCHR keeps the names of affected persons.
  • At approximately 10:00, Israeli settlers, under Israeli army protection, built a new road connecting between “Ma’oun” settlement and a dairy farm established on Palestinian confiscated lands in Um Zaytouna area, east of Yatta in southern Hebron. Israeli forces seized these lands upon the Israeli Military Order No. 59 “Order Concerning State Property (Judea & Samaria)” (1967) established the ‘Custodian of Government Property’ to take control of land owned by the Jordanian Government (occupied in 1967).

Hezbollah Army Deployed on Lebanon’s Border to Destabilize Israel’s Security- Zionist Commander Israeli Chief of Staff in Desperate Attempt to Boost Occupation Forces’ Morale

Source

 July 11, 2020

Amid the Zionist pressures to change the missions of the UNIFIL troops so that they comply with the Israeli interests, the enemy’s foreign ministry organized a tour for the foreign diplomats along the Palestinian borders with Lebanon.

The foreign diplomats listened to explanations from the Israeli military commanders who aimed at provoking the international community against Hezbollah resistance ahead of the extension of the UNIFIL mandate, calling for expanding the missions of the international forces to guard the border of the entity.

The commander of the Galilee Division in the Zionist Army Shlomy Bandar instigated the diplomats against the Lebanese Resistance, saying that Hezbollah army is deployed on Lebanon’s border to destabilize Israel’s security.

Israeli Chief of Staff in Desperate Attempt to Boost Occupation Forces’ Morale

July 12, 2020

Israeli Chief of Staff Lt.-Gen. Aviv Kochavi

Israeli Chief of Staff Aviv Kochavi is attempting to raise morale of occupation forces, Al-Manar’s editor of Israeli affairs Hasan Hijazi reported on Thursday.

Citing an article by Kochavi on Israeli daily Yedioth Ahronoth, Hijazi said that the Israeli chief of staff “is trying to rehabilitate the humanitarian resource in the occupation army. However, the Israeli forces only rely on technology.”

“Concerning the humanitarian resource in the Israeli military, ombudsman Yitzhak Brick talked earlier in details about the failure of this resource when he reported that the land corps were not ready for any future war,” Hijazi said.

Al-Manar’s editor quoted Kochavi as saying in the Israeli daily: “Through analyzing most of the (army’s) resources we have to add an important one which is the humanitarian one, which means the qualifications of the soldiers and officers.”

The Israeli chief of staff also cited David Ben Guorion, the founder of the Zionist entity, who said that Israeli soldiers and officers should be highly qualified.

“We have to facilitate conditions in a bid to encourage our youth to head for military duty and don’t be worry about their lives,” Hijazi quoted Kochavi as saying in the article.

“The humanitarian resource is the ‘capital’ which makes the Israeli military one of the most high-quality armies in the world,” Kochavi added.

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Israeli Soldiers Kill A Palestinian, Injure Another, Near Salfit

July 10, 2020 2:04 AM  IMEMC News

The Palestinian Health Ministry has confirmed, on Thursday at night, the death of a Palestinian man who was shot by Israeli soldiers near the main intersection of Kifl Hares town, north of Salfit in central West Bank, and added that the soldiers injured Palestinian teen.

The Ministry stated that the soldiers shot Ibrahim Mustafa Abu Yacoub, 33, with a live round in his neck, causing life-threatening wounds.

It added that Palestinian medics rushed the seriously wounded Palestinian to Salfit Governmental Hospital, where succumbed to his injuries.

The soldiers also shot and injured a Palestinian teen man with a live round in his thigh.

There were no protests when the soldiers opened fire at the Palestinians who were just walking near the main entrance of the town, which was blockaded by the army four days ago, and the soldiers have been preventing the Palestinians from entering or leaving it.

Eyewitnesses said Abu Ya’coub was just walking with a few of his friends when the soldiers targeted them with live fire without any cause or justification.

Essam Abu Yacoub, the head of Kifl Hares Town Council, said the slain Palestinian, and the wounded teen, Mohammad Abdul-Salam Abu Ya’coub, 17, were just walking in the area when the soldiers directly targeted them with live fire. The soldiers were on the military tower which was installed at the entrance of the town.

He added that a vehicle of colonialist Israeli settlers was in the area, and that the colonists also opened fire at the Palestinians.

Salfit Governor, Abdullah Kamil, said the Israeli army has escalated its violations against the civilians, and called on all factions, and the Palestinian people, to unite in facing the Israeli aggression against them, their homes, lands and their holy sites amidst the planned illegal annexation of large areas of the occupied West Bank.

“This despicable and ugly crime is just one of a series of Israeli violations against our people in every part of occupied Palestine,” Kamil added, “This is yet another cold-blooded murder; Ibrahim and his friends were just walking in their town; there was no reason for the soldiers to open fire at them in the first place, let alone to deliver the fatal shots.”

The slain Palestinian is the brother of Agricultural Engineer and the Director of the Ministry of Environmental Affairs, Marwan Abu Ya’coub.


PCHR: Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (02– 08 July 2020)

Source

July 10, 2020 3:56 AM

Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR)

Summary

Israeli forces continued to commit crimes and multi-faceted violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF’s excessive use of force rendered 21 injuries among Palestinian civilians, including two children, during attacks on peaceful protests in the West Bank.

Furthermore, in Salfit, armed illegal Israeli settlers shot and injured two Palestinian civilians, one critically.

During the reporting period, Sa’di Khalil al-Gharabli (74), a Palestinian from Gaza, died in Israeli prison after spending 26 years in confinement. Al-Gahrabli died at Kaplan Medical Center in Israel, where he was recently transferred from al-Ramlah prison after his health condition deteriorated. Al-Gharabli suffered a prostate cancer, high blood pressure and diabetes, which he developed while in prison.

Over the past several weeks, the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem witnessed wide-scale demolitions and distribution of demolition notices of civilian houses and properties as well as confiscation of lands for establishing roads for settlements. This development comes as Israeli occupation authorities prepare to commence its annexation plan of large parts of West Bank territories.

This week, PCHR documented 145 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli and settlers in the occupied Palestinian Territories (oPt).

Israeli Forces shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: Israeli forces shot and wounded 21 Palestinians, including 2 children, in excessive use of force against peaceful protests in the West Bank: 2 in Nablus; and 12, including 2 children, in Kufur Qaddoum weekly protests; and 7 were wounded in military invasion into Abu Dis village in occupied East Jerusalem.

In Gaza, opened fire at fishermen on 6 separate occasions; Israeli warplanes also launched several airstrikes on the Gaza Strip, one against a farm, and another on an agricultural land in al-Zaitoun neighborhood, eastern Gaza City. The airstrikes resulted in damage to the farm and nearby homes.

Israeli army incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: Israeli Forces carried out 78 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them.

During this week’s incursions, 71 Palestinians were arrested, including 4 children and a woman. Forces confiscated Palestinian property, including cash and gold jewellery.

In the Gaza Strip, Israeli Forces stationed at Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossing arrested a Palestinian from Gaza while en route to Tel HaShomer Hospital in Israel for a bone marrow donation for his ill brother.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 13 violations, including:

PCHR also documented 3 settler attacks that included firearm assault in Salfit that rendered 2 Palestinian civilians wounded, one critically, as well as arsenal attacks on private lands in Nablus, and racist verbal assaults in Hebron.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: The Gaza Strip continues to suffer the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Furthermore, since the PA ended security coordination with Israeli authorities in May 2020, hundreds of critically ill patients whose condition cannot afford delays in treatment were denied travel. This was amplified by the restrictions put in place by IOF since March 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic, that had already had grave implications on the humanitarian and economic situation of the Gaza Strip population.

Recently, a very limited number of individual cases of patients who have obtained medical referrals and financial coverage to Israel were able to travel, and some others referred to Israeli organizations working in the field of health for assistance in coordination.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.
 
I. Violation of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity/Shooting and other Violations:

  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 02 July 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed north west of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and sailed back to the shore. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:00 on the same Thursday, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron. They threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a military checkpoint established at the entrance to al-Shuhada’a Street, which is closed. Israeli soldiers fired several rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at stone-throwers and chased them between commercial shops. As a result, a number of stone-throwers suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 20:30, Israeli gun boats stationed west of Rafah in southern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (6 nautical miles). They surrounded 2 fishing boats and arrested 4 fishermen who were on board. Namely: Mohammed Zeyad Ali Syam (24), Emad Omer Mohammed al-Bardawil (22), Wadee’a Ismail Mohammed al-Bardawil (22) and Khalid Sameer Ali al-Bardawil (23).
  • At approximately 11:30 on Friday, 03July 2020, a peaceful protest took part from the center of Asirah northern village, north of Nablus, into lands threatened to be confiscated in al-Marj and Beit al-Zaki areas in Ebal Mount, east of the above-mentioned village. The protest was organized upon calls of the village residents and with participation of national factions in Nablus. The participants raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against IOF, settlers, Israeli annexation plan, and the U.S president Donald Trump’s Middle East plan. When the participants arrived at the area, a large number of IOF were waiting for them in the area. The participants performed Friday prayer in the above-mentioned land while Israeli soldiers were surrounding them and chanted slogans against IOF and settlers at the end of the prayer. IOF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 2 civilians were wounded; one of them was shot with a live bullet in his left leg and the other was shot in his chest with a sound bomb.
  • It should be noted that Israeli settlers recently established 2 houses in the area and brought their belongings and sheep to it and seized control over the area adjacent to a military camp established in the above-mentioned mount in premier to establish a settlement outpost, alleging that there is a historical shrine for them in the area, knowing that 6000 dunams of lands are owned by Palestinians in the area that is threatened to be confiscated.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kufur Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased young men who gathered in the area, confronted them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 12 civilians, including 2 children, were shot with rubber bullets. (the names of the wounded civilians are available at PCHR)
  • At approximately 17:00 on the same Friday, an Israeli infantry unit stormed al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. Soldiers indiscriminately fired tear gas canisters between houses alleging that a military watchtower established at the camp’s entrance was stoned. Many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 21:00 on the same Friday, a number of Palestinian young men gathered near al-Jabal area in Abu Dis village, east of occupied east Jerusalem, and threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at an Israeli military border point established in the area. A large Israeli force stormed the village and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors and civilians as confrontations erupted in the area. As a result, 7 civilians were wounded. One of the wounded was shot with a live bullet in his body’s lower limb and, causing him severe bleeding and he was transferred to a local hospital. Other wounded civilians were shot with rubber bullets and they received medical treatment on the field. Also, 13 civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and 3 sustained burns.
  • At approximately 23:30 on the same Friday, IOF stormed Zabuba village, west of Jenin. a number of Palestinian young men gathered in the center of the village and threw stones at Israeli military vehicles that raided the village. Israeli soldiers immediately fired tear gas canisters at stone-throwers and chased them. A number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and they received medical treatment on the field. IOF also arrested Mojahed Nayaz Jaradat (17) and released him later.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Saturday, 04 June 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles ). Fishermen, as a result, of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00 on Sunday, 06 July 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Rafah in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (4 nautical miles). Fishermen, as a result, of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 22:20 on the same Sunday, Israeli warplanes launched a missile at a shepherds farm built on an area of 130 square meters owned by Mohsen Mohammed Salamah Abu Namous (53), in east of al-Zaytoun neighborhood, east of Gaza City. As a result, part of tools used for grazing the sheep and the farm’s outward wall were destroyed. No casualties were reported. The bombardment also caused partial damage in 3 nearby houses owned by Abu Namous family.
  • At the same time, Israeli warplanes launched 4 missiles at an agricultural land, east of al-Zaytoun neighborhood, east of Gaza City. As a result, civilians’ houses that are in the area sustained partial damage. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:30 on Monday, 06 July 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed adjacent to Khan Younis shore in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area. Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 15:00 on Tuesday, 07 July 2020, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyah area, set tire on fire, and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada’a street, which is closed. Israeli soldiers immediately fired rubber bullets, sound bombs, and tear gas canisters at the young men and chased them. As a result, a number of stone-throwers suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • On Wednesday, 08 July 2020, Palestinian detained in Israeli prisons for the past 26 years, Sa’di Khalil al-Gharabli (74) from Gaza City, was pronounced dead in Kaplan Medical Center where he was recently transferred from al-Ramlah prison after his health condition Al-Gharabli suffered a prostate cancer, high blood pressure and diabetes, which he developed while in prison.PCHR communicated with al-Gharabli’s family after contradictory news about his death emerged the previous day due to the deterioration of his health condition. Accordingly, PCHR’s lawyer attempted to visit al-Gharabli in Kaplan Medical Center, but the hospital administration informed him that he should obtain the approval of the prison service. When PCHR’s lawyers contacted al-Ramlah Prison’s administration where al-Gharabli was detained, they stalled and refused his request for a visit permit.Al-Gharabli, has been detained since 1994 and sentenced to life imprisonment. The Israeli authorities disregarded the repeated calls for his release as is standard in such humanitarian cases, despite their knowledge of the deterioration of his health. Al-Gharabli was left to die in prison despite his age and having spent a very long period in prison.

 
II. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 02 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Ramin village, eats of Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Khaled Adnan Mohammed Salman (28).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron and stationed in Ras al-Joura. They raided and searched Mohannad Hussain Falah al-Natsha’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Alaa Mohammed al-Titi’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mahmoud Abdul Rahman Khalaf (26).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Saf street, in the central Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ramadan Zeyad Janazra’s (26) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” Settlement, south of the city.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Omar Yousef Makharza’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:05, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Omar al-Jamal (31), from his house in al-Marah neighborhood, and Nasser Zeidan al-Jada’ (32), from his house in Kharouba neighborhood, north of the city.
  • At approximately 05:30, IOF moved into al-Tiba village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Aws Ibrahim Ali Jabarin’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:00, Israeli special unit arrested Nidal Na’eem Abu Akar (52), while present in Caritas area, north of Bethlehem, and took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that Abu Akar is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 18:30, IOF severely beat and arrested Ehab Mohammed Abu Sunaina (18), while present near Bab al-Asbat “Lions’ Gate”, which is one of the Al-Aqsa Mosque gates in Jerusalem, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Eyewitnesses said that IOF stationed at Bab al-Asbat, stopped Abu Sunaina to check his ID card before they severely beat him and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in al-Ma’ajeen neighborhood, west of Nablus. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 21:10 on Thursday, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and sporadically opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.

Friday, 03 July 2020:

  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Zububa village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Hussam Jamal As’ad Jaradat’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into al-Taur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Hijazi Nazmi Abu Sbaih’s (36) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Ein Yabroud and Bettin villages in Ramallah, and ‘Atouf village, southeast of Tubas in the northern valleys. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 05 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed near the UNRWA distribution center. They deployed between the Palestinian houses in the northern areas of the camp, raided and searched Abdul Karim Khaled Abu Sil’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli infantry unit moved into al-Ras neighborhood, west of Ethna, west of Hebron, coming from the western gate established adjacent to the annexation wall. IOF stormed 3 houses under construction, 200-meters away from the annexation wall, belonging to Farajallah family. IOF conducted a training session inside the houses that included shooting and withdrew from the area in the early morning.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint at Jerusalem-Jericho street, the main road leading to al-Khan al-Ahmar village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Saleh Majdi Saleh Abu Zeid (20), from Birzeit.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Ein Yabroud and Bettin villages in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 06 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Kherbet Bani Harith, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Adnan Tal’at Hamouda (27) and Mohammed Motea’ Hamouda (24) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:40, IOF moved into Ein Yabroud village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Farhan Hosni Dahabra and Adel Nadeem Hoy, and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into south of Hebron. They raided Mashhour Mahmoud al-‘Ajlouni’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:40, IOF moved into Deir Ghasana, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mo’tasem Naser Mes’hal’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Tha’er Tawfiq al-Barghouthi’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Beit Rima village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Saher Omar al-Barghouthi’s (57) house in al-Batha neighborhood, the father of the PCHR’s fieldworker, Huda al-Barghouthi. Huda said that IOF detained all the family in one room in the house and ordered her to call her brother, Emran, to surrender himself; otherwise they will arrest his family. Meanwhile, IOF accurately searched the house and confiscated a golden ring, cigarettes, and (1,300 NIS), and arrested Saher and his son Saddam (30). Later, IOF released Saher and Saddam and ordered them to surrender Emran. However, Saher al-Barghouthi received about 7 phone calls from the Israeli security officer to surrender his son Emran or they will storm their house again.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Deir Qdais village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sami Mahmoud Naser (22).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Bettin village, east of Ramallah. They raided and searched Lotfi Tharwat al-Kilani’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF stationed at Beit Hanoun “Erez” checkpoint, north of the Gaza Strip, arrested Abdullah Shaker Mohammed al-Daghma (38), from Tal al-Sultan neighborhood in Rafah. The family of the detainee said to PCHR’s fieldworker that Abdullah, a father of 4 children, was heading to “Sheba Medical Center in Tel Hashomer” in Israel, for a bone marrow donation for his brother Hani (45), who diagnosed with a blood cancer and receiving treatment several months ago in the above-mentioned hospital with a critical health condition.Al-Daghma’s family told PCHR’s fieldworker that after all family members did the necessary medical examinations; Abdullah’s results were the only ones that matched his brother. Accordingly, necessary procedures were conducted for his travel along with his sister. When they arrived at the Israeli side at Erez Crossing, ‘Abdullah was arrested while his sister was sent back to the Gaza Strip and quarantined according to the measures applied in the Gaza Strip.It should be noted that PCHR’s lawyer, in his capacity as legal representative of al-Daghmah, follows up with the Israeli authorities to determine Abdullah’s place of detention and to visit him as soon as possible.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ra’fat Tareq al-Issawi’s (47) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mohammed Ali al-Ghoul’s (16) house, after releasing him from al-Damoun prison where he spent 12-months in. Meanwhile, IOF rearrested him, his brother Ibrahim (18), and their father Ali (44); Mahmoud al-Bazlamit (23), and Ali al-Khayyat (21); on charge of using fireworks. Three hours later, IOF released the detainees under condition of 50 days of house arrest, ban on any connection between them, and ban the celebrations for one month.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in al-Fawwar refugee camp and al-Samoua’ in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 07 July 2020:

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF stationed at Beit Fourik military checkpoint on the northeastern entrance of Nablus, arrested Mohammed Khaled Banhajawi (19) and Qusai Ishaq Shehada (21), from Balata refugee camp, east of the city. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Beit Rima, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians: Saher Omar al-Barghouthi (57), Yehya Samer al-Rimawi (19), Ahmed Husam al-Rimawi (18), Amir Ahmed al-Rimawi (18), and Yousef al-Rimawi (19).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (7) civilians: Majd Ibrahim al-Hamshari (23), Mahmoud Atef Abu Zeina (25), Eslambolly Reyad Bdeir (29), Nour Osama Yasin (23), Mathna Fo’ad al-Masri (22), and Hasan Ra’ed al-Jamala (26).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Anabta village, east of Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abdul Rahman Sabha (33).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Mohammed Sameeh Jabr (28), Mohammed Adel Enaya (38), and Oday Yousef Hanini (Hasayen) (24).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Deir Abu Mesh’al village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mousa Naser Zahran’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Awarta village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mos’ab Abdul Salam Awwad (19).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Mousa Ahmed Abu Hashhash’s house, and no arrest was reported.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested Nahla Sa’eed Syam (31), while present in Bab Hatta, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took her to one of the investigation centers in the city.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood, northwest of al-‘Isawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Harbi Obaid’s (29) grocery, and severely beat and arrested its owner and Eyad Dawoud Obaid (23). IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Hebla and Qalqilia villages in Qalqilia governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 08 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Qarawat Bani Hassan village, west of Salfit. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Salama Azzam Mar’i (21).
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Kufur Qaddoum village, east of Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Rajab al-Qadoumi (35).
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in Karbat Zaheda area. IOF raided and searched Shadi Mohammed Mousa Shaheen’s (45) house and his tobacco factory, which is licensed by the Palestinian National Authority, and confiscated (20) barrels of Glycerin, which is used in manufacturing the tobacco, and arrested Shadi’s son.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Eisa neighborhood, the western side of Hebron. They raided and searched ‘Aa’ed Mohammed Haimouni’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Jeet village, northeast of Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohannad Jamal al-Sidda (25).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood, northwest of al-Issaweya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Marwan Obaid (20) and Mohammed Esmat Obaid (19), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Surif, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Fadi Mohammed Ghuneimat’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:30, IOF stationed Bab al-Asbat, arrested Mohammed Yaser Abu al-Hawa (27), while getting out from the Aqsa Mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and took him to one of the investigation centers in the city. It should be noted that Mohammed is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF arrested the engineer, Bassam Khalil al-Hallaq (62), who is in charge of construction works, inside the Al-Aqsa Mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and took him to one of the investigation centers. It should be noted that IOF arrested al-Hallaq several times on grounds of doing some construction works in the Aqsa Mosque.
  • At approximately 10:00, dozens of IOF and Intelligence Services moved into Daheyat al-Bareed area, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the office of the Maps Department of the Arab Studies Society and arrested it’s director and the expert in maps and Israeli colonies, Khalil Mohammed al-Tafkaji (64), and took him to an unknown destination.It should be noted that al-Tafkaji is an expert in maps and Israeli colonies who follow up and document the settlers’ activities in the oPt, was arrested a few months ago for several hours before he was released.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF arrested Emran Saher Al-Barghouthi (28), from Beit Rima village, northwest of Ramallah, while driving near Hilmich settlement with his father Saher al-Barghouthi (57), heading to Ofer settlement after being summonsed to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services. Day before, Saher was arrested and released on the same day from his house in Beit Rima.
    Saher al-Barghouthi said to PCHR:“My son and I were driving our car heading to the Israeli Intelligence Services office after my son was summoned during my detention. Before we arrived to Helmich settlement, west of Ramallah, an Israeli vehicle crossed our way and arrested Emran, and took the keys of my car and locked me in it. I shouted at the Israeli soldiers while they were severely beating my son, but to no avail. In the end, they took my son and one of the soldiers ordered me to take my car and immediately leave the area, without my son”.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to the judge in the Sharea’ court, Dr. Eyad Mohammed al-‘Abbasi (54) and Jamil Eissa al-‘Abbasi (32) and took them to al-Maskoubeya investigation center. At approximately 19:00, IOF released them on condition that cut the connection between each other and 5 more persons.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF deployed in Hebron’s Old City’s neighborhoods, arrested Khaled Ibrahim al-Batsh (21), awhile present in Khan Shaheen area, and took him to “Kiryat Arba’” settlement’s investigation center, east of Hebron.

III. Settlement Expansion and Settler Violence in the West Bank

a. Demolition and Confiscation of Palestinian Civilian Property for Israeli Settlement Expansion Activities

  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 02 July 2020, Israeli authorities accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers and a vehicle of the Israeli Water Authority (Mekorot) closed the entrance to Ethna village, west of Hebron. IOF stopped 4 trucks for transporting water and confiscated them under the pretext they transported stolen water from the main water line located near the bypass road (60).
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Khelet Mosbah in western ‘Aqrabah village, southeast of Nablus. IOF confiscated 2 diggers belonging to Shaker Shokri Lafi Bani Fadel and Fares al-Jama’ni, under the pretext of illegal working in Area C. Shaker and Fares were building an agricultural street in the area.
    Suhail Sameeh ‘Abed al-Fattah, a digger driver, told PCHR’s fieldworker that “At approximately 12:00, a digger driver and I were building an agricultural road in Khelet Mosbah area in western ‘Aqrabah village, southeast of Nablus, through 2 diggers belonging to Shaker Bani Fadel and Fares al-Jama’ni. During which, we found 4 Israeli vehicles carrying soldiers, who stepped out of the vehicles and approached us. They got into the diggers and forcibly ordered us to step out. They confiscated the diggers under the pretext of illegal working in Area C. IOF took the diggers to an unknown destination and left us in the area.”
  • On Thursday, 02 July 2020, Shalaldah and ‘Arameen families implemented the Israeli Municipality order and self-demolished their houses in al-Sahel neighborhood in al-Tour village, east of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Waleed Shalaldah said that Jerusalem Municipality court issued a decision to stop construction works in the 2 houses, under the pretext of non-licensing.On Wednesday, the Ministry of Interior stated that the demolition order must implement within 72 hours or the 2 families will pay the demolition costs estimated at NIS 10,000 for the municipality. Shalaldah pointed out that his house along with his neighbor ‘Arameen’s house were built few months ago on an area of 130 square meters. Hussain ‘Arameen said that it was supposed to live in the house with his wife and their 8 children.
  • On Sunday, 05 July 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Kherbet ‘Allan in al-Shona area, north of al-Jeftlik village, north of Jericho. IOF were deployed in the area, where they arrested Mousa Ahmed Salem Jahaleen while working in his agricultural land and took him to an unknown destination. Also, IOF confiscated Jahaleen’s bulldozer under the pretext of working in Area C.
  • On Tuesday, 07 July 2020, an Israeli police force accompanied with Israeli Municipality staff moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, for the 2nd consecutive day and hanged demolition notices on 15 residential and commercial facilities, under the pretext of non-licensing. Mohammed Abu al-Humus, Member of al-‘Isawiya Follow-up Committee, said that on Monday and Tuesday morning, IOF accompanied with Israeli Municipality staff moved into al-‘Isawiya village, where they hanged demolition notices on 15 residential and commercial facilities; some of them were under-construction while others were inhabited. He also pointed out that most of the owners obtained decisions from the Israeli Municipality to freeze the demolition.Abu al-Humus added that among the notified facilities were: Rafat Tareq al-‘Issawiy’s house that was bulldozed by IOF in 2013, houses belonging to ‘Eliyan, Dari and Mahmoud families, and Ihsan Abu al-Humus’s barrack. Abu al-Humus clarified that the Israeli Municipality photographed dozens of facilities and streets in the village. He added that the Israeli Municipality recurrent incursions and distributing demolition notices and summonses to refer to the municipality caused confusion and instability among the villagers, who attempt to license their facilities, but in vain.
  • At approximately 06:00 on Tuesday, 07 July 2020, Israeli military construction vehicles demolished a retaining wall in ‘Ein al-Jowizah area, north of al-Walajah village, west of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. An activist Ibrahim ‘Awadallah, from al-Walajah village, said that the Israeli military construction vehicles demolished a retaining wall surrounding Ahmed al-Atrash’s house in ‘Ein al-Jowizah area, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Awadallah pointed out that this area is exposed to a fierce attack by settlers, including demolishing houses and retaining wall, levelling lands, distributing notices to stop construction, and summoning dozens of civilians for investigation.‘Ein al-Jowizah area is located within the Israeli municipality boundaries in occupied East Jerusalem, and its residents are obliged to pay taxes “Arnona” even though they do not have a Jerusalemite identity card. Observers and experts in the settlement issue believe that the Israeli authorities are launching a campaign against al-Walajah village, aiming at completing the construction of the annexation wall and implementing new settlement plans, including confiscating more lands in favor of the so-called “Israeli National Park.”
  • At approximately 06:00 on Wednesday, 08 July 2020, Israel Nature and Parks Authority’s crews accompanied with IOF raided a bricks workshop in Wadi al-Jouz neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. The workshop belongs to civilians from al-Salimah, Marar, Srour and Abu Nab families. The Israel Nature and Parks Authority’s crews and IOF demolished the workshop and confiscated its contents estimated at NIS 500000, under the pretext of being in “National Parks” lands, where construction is prohibited.The workshop owners said that the Israel Nature and Parks Authority’s crews completely surrounded the industrial area in Wadi al-Jouz and raided the workshop. They demolished the workshop and confiscated its contents, including 3 bulldozers, 2 mounted-crane trucks, 14 tractors, concrete emptying and casting machines, tiles and stones. The workshop owners pointed out that the Israel Nature and Parks Authority’s crews handed them along with other workers summonses to refer to the Israel Nature and Parks Authority and Israeli Ministry of Interior and ordered him to pay the transportation and confiscation costs. The workshop owners clarified that the Israel Nature and Parks Authority’s crews implemented the demolition and confiscations before the court hearing, which is slated to be held in August 2020. The workshop owners pointed out that their losses are estimated at NIS 500,000, and many workers lost their work.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF accompanied with a bulldozer raided Eyad Abu Subaieh’s house in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF vacated the house contents as a prelude to demolish it. During which, lawyer Sami Irsheed managed to freeze the demolition order, so the IOF withdrew and stole some of the house contents. Abu Subaieh clarified that his family comprising of 9 members lives in the house from 3 years and after raiding their house, they vacated all its contents for fear of demolishing the house. He added that after the lawyer managed to freeze the demolition for 21 days, they found that IOF stole a piece of gold belonging to his wife, in addition to mobile phones, devices, glasses, and other contents. Abu Subaieh added that he informed a soldier about the stolen items, then the soldier replied: “go and file a complaint!”
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF backed by Israeli military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Hamida area in Yatta, south of Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers demolished a livestock bran built of sheds and iron angels. During which, al-Najada family self-demolished their livestock sheds for fear of confiscating them. It should be noted that Israeli authorities sell the confiscated items in a public auction and if their owners want to recover them, Israeli authorities compel them to pay high financial amounts, impose fines on them and prevent them from using these items in Area C.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israel Nature and Parks Authority’s crews accompanied with IOF raided Omar and Ismai’l Samareen’s plot of land in Wadi al-Rababa neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. The Israel Nature and Parks Authority’s crews and IOF demolished a room built of tin plates and used as a store of agricultural tools, under the pretext of non-licensing. Omar Samareen said that he built 20-square-meter room in his plot of land in Wadi al-Rababah neighborhood 3 years ago to put the agricultural tools in it. He added that he was previously handed several demolition notices, but he appealed the decision and the court did not issue a final decision. Samareen pointed out that the Israeli Municipality and Israel Nature and Parks Authority deprive the lands owners of using their lands, as construction in this area is prohibited.
  • At the same time, IOF handed a notice to seize 689 square meters belonging to Qarawet Bani Hassan lands, west of Salfit. This plot of land is property of Ratib Mohammed ‘Abdullah Khatib, from Sertah village. Khatib said that: ” I was notified by IOF and informed about the seizure notice by the municipality. On 08 July 2020, IOF hanged the seizure notice on my 698-square-meter land located between Bedia and Sertah villages. It should be noted that I previously filed a case in the court about removing a workshop and the court stop the demolition.”
  • At approximately 12:00, Israeli bulldozers demolished foundations of Eyad and Feras Nabil Da’na’s house in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. It should be noted that Eyad and Feras implemented the Israeli Municipality order and self-demolished their house 3 weeks ago, under the pretext of non-licensing. Feras Da’nah said that IOF insisted on raiding the house and demolished its foundations, despite having self-demolished it 3 weeks ago. He clarified that both his family and his brother’s (11 persons) lived in the 140-square-meter house for the past 10 months.
  • At approximately 19:00, Israeli bulldozers cut and broke 200 olive trees in al-Shajarah area in Yasouf village, east of Salfit. These trees belong to the heirs of the Musleh family. Mohammed Musleh said that: “on 08 July 2020, Israeli bulldozes moved into al-Shajarah area in Yasouf village, east of Salfit, where they cut and broke 200 olive trees belonging to me and cousins.” It should be noted that IOF did not hand us any notices to demolish the trees and they suddenly raided the land and bulldozed the trees as a prelude to establish a settlement road.”

b. Israeli Settler Violence

  • At approximately 19:00 on Friday, 03 June 2020, dozens of Israeli settlers, from “Kiryat ‘Arba’” settlement, which is established on Palestinians’ confiscated lands in eastern Hebron, gathered in Palestinian agricultural lands in Wad al-Husain area, east of Hebron. Israeli settlers chanted racist slogans calling for killing Arabs. It should be noted that Israeli forces were present in the area and made no attempt to stop the settlers.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Saturday, 04 July 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Price Tag groups”, set fire to Palestinians’ lands in the western mount in Hawarah village. As a result, dozens of dunams were burnt.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Sunday, 05 July 2020, at least 8 armed settlers opened fire at 4 Palestinian farmers working in their agricultural land in Khelet Hassan area in Bidia village, west of Salfit. As a result, Mohanad Omar Sadeq ‘Asi (52) was shot and injured with a live bullet that settled in his waist; and Dawoud ‘Abed al-Rahman Salama al-Wafiyia (58), was shot and injured with 2 live bullets in the shoulder and neck. Following that, Palestinian young men gathered in the area and confronted the settlers while the mentioned farmers were taken to Yaser ‘Arafat Hospital for treatment. ‘Asi was in critical heath condition, so he was referred to Plension Hospital in Israel.

PCHR: Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine(25 Jun – 01 July 2020) 2 Jul 2020

Source

Summary

Israeli forces continued to commit crimes and multi-faceted violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including invasions into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, Israeli Forces’ excessive use of force rendered 9 injuries among Palestinian civilians, including a child and a paramedic, during raids and attacks on peaceful protests in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, which have also witnessed wide-scale demolitions and distribution of demolition notices of civilian houses and properties over the past several weeks, as Israeli occupation authorities prepare to commence its annexation plan of large parts of West Bank territories.

This week, Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) documented 155 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli soldiers and settlers in the occupied Palestinian territories (oPt).

Shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: Israeli Forces shot and wounded 9 Palestinians, including a child and a paramedic, in excessive use of force against a Kufur Qaddoum weekly protests against the occupation and settlement activities in the West Bank.
In Gaza, 5 shootings against agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip were reported; and once against fishing boats sailing in northern Gaza sea.

Incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: Israeli Forces carried out 74 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 77 Palestinians were arrested, including 6 children and 3 women. In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted 3 limited incursions into eastern Rafah, Khan Younis and Central governorate.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 5 violations, including:

PCHR also documented 4 settler attacks that included assault in Qalqilia and Salfit that rendered 3 civilians with bruises, and arsenal attacks on agricultural lands in Nablus and Ramallah.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, since the PA ended security coordination with Israeli authorities in May 2020, hundreds of critically ill patients whose condition cannot afford delays in treatment were denied travel. This week, 2 children died because they were unable to travel for treatment abroad. This was amplified by the restrictions put in place by IOF since March 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic, that had already had grave implications on the humanitarian and economic situation of the Gaza Strip population.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.
 
I. Violation of the Right to Life and to Bodily Integrity/Shooting and other Violations

  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 25 June 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, in eastern Khan Younis. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00 on the same Thursday, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in agricultural lands, adjacent to al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron, and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a temporary checkpoint leading to Bypass road (60). Israeli soldiers chased stone-throwers and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of young men suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 22:00 on the same Thursday, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Rafah shore in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (6 nautical miles). Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 07:50 on Friday, 26 June 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at Palestinian shepherds present in lands adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 26 June 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kufur Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased young men, who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, nine civilians, including a child and a paramedic, were shot with rubber bullets. The child was shot with a rubber bullet in his shoulders and the paramedic was shot in his mouth while others sustained rubber bullets in their shoulders, except for one who was shot with a rubber bullet in his back. (Names of the wounded civilians are available at PCHR)
  • At approximately 13:15 on the same Friday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, in eastern Khan Younis. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00 on the same Friday, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in Bad al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at a military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada street known as Checkpoint (56), which is closed. Israeli soldiers immediately fired tear gas canisters at stone-throwers and chased them between commercial shops into Abu al-Hums area. Confrontations between IOF and Palestinian young men continued until 17:00 on the same day, in which a number of young men suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 08:30 on Saturday, 27 June 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, northeast of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at agricultural lands for 30 minutes. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 27 June 2020, IOF stationed at Qalandia military roadblock, north of occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Ahmed Wajih Wahdan (22), a person with mobility impairment, and beat him severely, alleging that he has a knife. As a result, Wahdan sustained bruises all over his body. IOF also took Wahdan to “Atrout” settlement’s police station established on Qalandia village’s lands for investigation.Mohammed Wahdan, Ahmed’s brother, said that his brother, who is a roving street vendor at the above-mentioned checkpoint suffers from impaired mobility in his right foot and hand. Mohammed denied the news published by news agencies, including Israeli media, that his brother attempted to carry out a stab attack. Mohammed also said that his brother was arrested near the gate where he used to sell water. Mohammed added that according to eyewitnesses’ statement, Israeli soldiers ordered his brother to move backwards few steps and when he did, they immediately arrested him and beat him. It should be noted that Wahdan is from Qalandia, north of occupied East Jerusalem. Wahdan sustained a fracture in his nose, wounds in his head and foot and bruises throughout his body after IOF attacked him.
  • At approximately 20:00 on the same Saturday, an Israeli force reinforced with several military SUVs stormed al-Samou’s village, south of Hebron. They patrolled the village streets, stationed in its center, and deployed between houses. A number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers, who indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of stone-throwers suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. IOF withdrew from the village later. Neither arrests nor house incursions were reported.
  • At approximately 15:40 on Monday, 29 June 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at agricultural lands for 30 minutes no casualties were

 
II. Incursions and Arrests:

Thursday, 25 June 2020:

  • At approximately 12:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ali Ahmed al-Harsh’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Habayel village in Abu Dis, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hamza Hesham Erekat’s (28) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Erekat’s cousin is Ahmed Mustafa Erekat (26), who was killed by the Israeli soldiers at the “Container” military roadblock last Tuesday, when IOF claimed that the victim attempted to carry out a run-over attack.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Nour Shams refugee camp, in Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ahmed Izzat Zendiq (25).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (8) civilians: Mohammed Hamza Obaid (21), Mohammed Khalil Awwad (21), Awwad Ra’ed Kleib (24), Younis Wissam Abu al-Hums (18), Wadea’ Dawoud Alian (20), Khaled Dia’ Muhaisn (17), Yousif Tareq Darwish (22), and Ahmed Abdulsalam Abu al-Roumi (21).
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Jit village, northeast of Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mo’aweya Ali al-Sidda (26).
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mahmoud Khudair Alian (17), and Mohammed Mousa Mostafa (21), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 16:20, IOF stationed near Ofer detention in Betounia, west of Ramallah, arrested (4) civilians while waiting out of the detention to welcome a Palestinian detainee, from Deir Jreir, to be freed. The arrestees are: Qusai Dawoud Olwi (22), Jehad Mohammed Ajaj (27), Aysar Zeyad Shuja’eya (26), and Ibrahim Abdul Wahab Olwi (23).
  • In the late night hours, IOF stationed at Za’tara military roadblock, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested an officer in the National Security, Ahmed Amin ‘Antari (38), from Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin, IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin; al-Nabi Saleh and Birzeit, in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 26 June 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Burin village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Ghassan Zeidan al-Najjar’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:45, IOF moved into Barqa village, northwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Ali Mohammed Saif’s (37) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at al-Za’eem military checkpoint, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Anwar Sami Obaid (23), and took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that the Israeli Authorities arrested and summonsed Obaid for more than 6 times in the latest months, and he spent up to 20-months in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF deployed in Hebron’s Old City’s neighborhoods, searched and arrested Ahmed Hussain al-Natshah (18), while present near the building of Shari’a court. IOF took him to the police station at “Kiryat Arba’” settlement, east of Hebron.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Jama’in and Kafr Qalil, southeast of Nablus; Jayous and Qalqilia, in Qalqilia governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 27 June 2020:

  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested the Head of the Aqsa Mosque Murabitun Committee, Yousef Ibrahim Mukhaimar (48), while present near al-Asbat Gate, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s gates. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested Mo’men Mohammed Rihan (26), from Tal village, south of Nablus. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Kifl Hares, north of Salfit. No arrests were reported

Sunday, 28 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Bilal Abu al-Zaki (24), and Qasem Halabeyah (26), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ahmed Mohammed Hammad’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in Daheyat al-Zaytoun area. They raided and searched Adnan Younis Abu Tabana’s (50) house and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched four houses and arrested (3) civilians including a child and handed Ahmed Emad al-Badawi (23) a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem. The arrestees are: Ahmed Emad al-Badawi (14), Ahmed Mohammed Adawi (18), and Ahmed Ra’fat al-Badawi (23).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Taqoua’ village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ali Yousef Jabareen (25), and Ahmed Salem Sabbah (20), and handed them summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Qalqilia and Hebla villages in Qalqilia governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 29 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahl, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Oday Hasan al-Khateeb’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Osama Reyad Turkman (19) and Baha’ Adnan Abu Baker (27) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Jalama, northeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Abdullah Ahmed Abu Farha’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Thaheriya village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Mo’ath Mohammed al-Qaisiya’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Dura al-Qara’ village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Amjad Hassan al-Rabei’i’s (32) house and arrested him. It should be noted that the above-mentioned civilian was a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 04:20, IOF moved into Silwad, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Awni Fares Hammad’s (40) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and bulldozers, moved 100-meters from al-Mtabaq Gate on the border fence, to al-Shawka village, east of Rafah, south of the Gaza Strip. They levelled and combed lands. At approximately 11:30, IOF redeployed again.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Beit Hanin neighborhood, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the house of the director of the “Women Development and Empowerment” association, Elham No’man Abu Sbaih (43) house and arrested her along with her son, Ahmed Khader Abu Sbaih (18). Elham’s husband, Khader Abu Sbaih, said that the Israeli “Yasam” special patrol unit aggressively stormed their house, they severely beaten and arrested his son, Ahmed, while he was sleeping. They damaged the house contents and confiscated several documents belonging to Elham, before they arrested her and her son, Ahmed.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stationed at Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Rima’ Mahmoud al-Shabrawi (40), known as “Abu al-Reem”, from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus, north of the West Bank. Rima’ works at the Palestinian Security Services, and he was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 21:00, a group of Mista’arvim (Israeli Special Unit dressed like Palestinian), sneaked to al-Nasra street, northeast of Jenin, and stationed near al-Basateen park. They arrested a worker in the park, Hamza Mohammed Rahhal (20), from Jenin, north of the West Bank, and took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Deir al-Ghsoun and Tulkarem, in Tulkarem governorate; Derastya and Kifl Hares, in Salfit governorate. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 30 June 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into ‘Araba, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mahmoud Mustafa Merdawi’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Shadi Mwafaq Badawna’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Nahaleen, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several; houses and arrested (4) civilians: Ahmed Mohye al-Dein Fannoun (24), Khaldoun Mahmoud Fannoun (31), Hassan Mohammed Najajera (23), and his brother Abdul Halim (20).
  • At approximately 08:45, IOF reinforced with several military bulldozers, moved 100-meters to the east of ‘Abasan al-Kabira and ‘Abasan al-Jadida villages,east of Khan Younis. They leveled and combed lands that were previously levelled amidst Israeli sporadic shooting and redeployed to the north of the border fence after hours.
  • At approximately 11:20, IOF reinforced with 8 military vehicles and bulldozers, moved 100-meters to the west of the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in the Central Gaza Strip. They levelled, combed lands and done maintenance work along the border fence, and then headed to the east of al-Maghazi before they redeployed again at approximately 14:30.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Beit Daqqo village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Ali Dawoud’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF arrested the lawyer Salah Hasan al-Hamouri (35), a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons, while present in a medical center in al-Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, north of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to an unknown destination.It should be noted that al-Hamouri is a French national, and he was sentenced to prison 3 times, in the first sentence he spent about two years before he was released, then he re-arrested again on 2005, and sentenced to 7 years, but he was released after 6 years and a half in the Gilad Shalit prisoner exchange deal in 2011. On 23 August 2017, IOF put him on administrative detention, he was arrested while working as a fieldworker for al-Dameer Association for Human Rights; al-Hamouri spent more than 11-months in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Silwan village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Eslam Mas’oud Zaytoun’s (15) house and arrested him.

Wednesday, 01 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into several neighborhoods in the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched dozens of houses and carried out wide arrests campaign on charge of violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem. The head of the family committee of Jerusalem prisoners, Amjad Abu Asab, that IOF arrested (13) civilians from al-Issaweya, al-Tawr neighborhood, Wadi al-Jouz, and Silwan. The arrestees are: Mohammed Khalil ‘Amira, Ahmed Musallam Abu al-Rab, Oday Mousa al-Sha’er, Bassam Ghaith, Ra’ed al-Ashhab, Mohammed Obaid, Ahmed Mahayna, Ehab Abu Sbitan, Waleed al-Sayyad, Mohammed Khwais, Jawad Jouda and Akram al-Salayma.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Harbi Mohammed Dawoud (26), living in al-Ma’moun St., and Yazan Abdul Naser Zagha (19), and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into ‘Askar al-Balad village, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Mansour Bashar Mansour’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • In the same context, IOF moved into Izbet al-Jarad, east of Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abdul Karim Zeyad al-Hamshari (31).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Thanaba village, east of Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Suliman Husni Saleem Khraisha (37).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Sayel Tahseen Ramadan (40) and Ayoub Ahmed ‘Aseeda (40) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Ramallah, and stationed in al-Teira neighborhood, southwest of the city. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Elia’ Abu Hijla (20), a student at Birzeit University; and Haneen Nassar Fadayel (35), the wife of the prisoner Rami Rizk Fadayel.
  • At approximately 04:20, IOF moved into al-Jalazon refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mahdi Naser Samad’a’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Birzeit, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Amjad ‘Ahed Samhan’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested Amir Issa Za’tara (25), while present near Bab al-Sahera area in the central Old City of Jerusalem. He was taken to “al-Bareed” police station in Salah al-Dein Street.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Ein Yabrod and Batn al-Hawa in Ramallah; Kreesa, Nuba, and Hebron villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and Settler Violence in the West Bank

a. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • On Thursday, 25 June 2020, Israeli military construction vehicles demolished a wall and 2 under-construction houses in ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Anata village council stated that IOF moved into al-Boq’an neighborhood and demolished Saied al-Khatib’s 2-storey under-construction house (200 sqm). The village council clarified that IOF also moved into al-Najma neighborhood, where they demolished ‘Alaa ‘Alqam’s 2-storey house (150 sqm) and a wall surrounding Majdi al-Fahidat’s house ( 80 sqm).
  • At approximately 13:00 on Sunday, 28 June 2020, IOF moved into Beit Iksa village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem and levelled a plot of land. Eyewitnesses said that IOF, backed by military construction vehicles raided Hamayil family’s plot of land and levelled it. Eyewitnesses added that IOF closed the village entrance, surrounded the area and established a tent before levelling the land. It should be noted that Beit Iksa village is inhabited by nearly 2000 citizens and is surrounded by the annexation wall and the Israeli settlements.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 30 June 2020, IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Tawana, al-Rakeez and al-Mofaqarah villages in eastern Yatta, south of Hebron. They distributed 8 notices to demolish and stop working in houses, agricultural rooms, a water well, and a barn.
  • At approximately 06:00, Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished ‘Atiyia Isam’il Mutair and Hayat Dawoud Muhasin’s houses in al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Atiyia Mutair said that Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished a 40-square-meter building comprised of a room, kitchen and bathroom and built in May 2020. Mutair clarified that this building was attached to his old house built in 2013 to shelter his son family. Hayat Muhasin said that she was shocked when Israeli municipality staff raided her 80-square-meter house to demolish it.
  • At approximately 09:00, Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished Yaseen Za’atrah’s house in Dir al-Sunna neighborhood in al-Mukaber Mount village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Za’atrah said that IOF surrounded his house in the morning and forcibly got his family out of the house. They then started to demolish it over its contents. Za’atrah clarified that the municipality staff raided his house in 2013 and ordered him to stop construction. After that, the municipality imposed a fine of NIS 48,000 on him and he is still paying it.
    The municipality then hung a demolition notice on his house in December 2019. Za’atrah said that he headed to Israeli courts to appeal against the demolition notice, but in vain. He added that the municipality ordered him to self-demolish the house, but the construction vehicles’ owners refused to demolish the house, because it is located in a mountainous area. Za’atrah’s house sheltering 7 persons was built on an area of 84 square meters and comprised of 3 rooms, a kitchen and a bathroom.

b. Israeli Settler Violence

  • On Thursday, 25 June 2020, Israeli settlers threw stones at a vehicle belonging to Mohammed ‘Abed al-Hafiz Za’rour (28), from Sir village in Qalqilya. As a result, Za’rour, who suffers from epilepsy, started to lose conscious and received treatment in Rafidia Hospital while his vehicle sustained damage. Za’rour said;
    “At approximately 23:00 on Thursday, 25 June 2020, I was returning from my workplace in Jericho and heading to Sir village. When I arrived at Duma village intersection, I saw a vehicle carrying 3 settlers parked on the street. Two settlers stepped out of the vehicle and the third settler threw a stone at my vehicle, breaking the window. I was afraid and managed to flee towards ‘Aqraba village. I phoned one of my relatives who helped me and took me to the hospital.”
  • At approximately 14:00 on Saturday, 27 June 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Jaf’at Roneem” settlement, which is established in the eastern area of Burin village, southeast of Nablus, set Palestinians’ lands ablaze. As a result, dozens of dunams were burnt.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Sunday, 28 June 2020, Israeli settlers, from ‘Adi ‘Ad settlement outpost, which is established on al-Moghir village lands, east of Ramallah, set Palestinians’ lands ablaze in al-Seder area. As a result, 40 olive trees belonging to Rateeb ‘Abdullah Na’san were burnt.
  • On Tuesday, 30 June 2020, Israeli settlers severely beat Ibrahim Mohammed ‘Assaf (52) and Majdi Najem ‘Issa (45), from Bidiyia village, west of Salfit, while heading to Khellet Hassan area, northwest of the village. As a result, both of them sustained bruises throughout their bodies and received treatment later. Ibrahim ‘Assaf said;
    “At approximately 20:00 on Tuesday, 30 June 2020, my friend Madji and I headed to Khellet Hassan area, where we found 4 settlers. The settlers opened fire at us. We attempted to flee, but they caught us and severely beat us. I fainted and then regained consciousness while they were still beating me. They were speaking in Hebrew and I understood what they were saying. They wanted to kill me in Wadi Qana area, but they reversed their decision. They gave us our IDs and told us that they believed that we are security officers. We were released later and taken to hospital by the village residents.”

PCHR: Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (25 Jun – 01 July 2020)

Source

July 2, 2020 6:28 PM  PCHR

Summary

Israeli forces continued to commit crimes and multi-faceted violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including invasions into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, Israeli Forces’ excessive use of force rendered 9 injuries among Palestinian civilians, including a child and a paramedic, during raids and attacks on peaceful protests in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, which have also witnessed wide-scale demolitions and distribution of demolition notices of civilian houses and properties over the past several weeks, as Israeli occupation authorities prepare to commence its annexation plan of large parts of West Bank territories.

This week, Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) documented 155 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli soldiers and settlers in the occupied Palestinian territories (oPt).

Shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: Israeli Forces shot and wounded 9 Palestinians, including a child and a paramedic, in excessive use of force against a Kufur Qaddoum weekly protests against the occupation and settlement activities in the West Bank.
In Gaza, 5 shootings against agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip were reported; and once against fishing boats sailing in northern Gaza sea.

Incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: Israeli Forces carried out 74 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 77 Palestinians were arrested, including 6 children and 3 women. In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted 3 limited incursions into eastern Rafah, Khan Younis and Central governorate.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 5 violations, including:

PCHR also documented 4 settler attacks that included assault in Qalqilia and Salfit that rendered 3 civilians with bruises, and arsenal attacks on agricultural lands in Nablus and Ramallah.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, since the PA ended security coordination with Israeli authorities in May 2020, hundreds of critically ill patients whose condition cannot afford delays in treatment were denied travel. This week, 2 children died because they were unable to travel for treatment abroad. This was amplified by the restrictions put in place by IOF since March 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic, that had already had grave implications on the humanitarian and economic situation of the Gaza Strip population.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.
 
I. Violation of the Right to Life and to Bodily Integrity/Shooting and other Violations

  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 25 June 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, in eastern Khan Younis. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00 on the same Thursday, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in agricultural lands, adjacent to al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron, and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a temporary checkpoint leading to Bypass road (60). Israeli soldiers chased stone-throwers and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of young men suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 22:00 on the same Thursday, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Rafah shore in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (6 nautical miles). Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 07:50 on Friday, 26 June 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at Palestinian shepherds present in lands adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 26 June 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kufur Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased young men, who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, nine civilians, including a child and a paramedic, were shot with rubber bullets. The child was shot with a rubber bullet in his shoulders and the paramedic was shot in his mouth while others sustained rubber bullets in their shoulders, except for one who was shot with a rubber bullet in his back. (Names of the wounded civilians are available at PCHR)
  • At approximately 13:15 on the same Friday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, in eastern Khan Younis. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00 on the same Friday, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in Bad al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at a military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada street known as Checkpoint (56), which is closed. Israeli soldiers immediately fired tear gas canisters at stone-throwers and chased them between commercial shops into Abu al-Hums area. Confrontations between IOF and Palestinian young men continued until 17:00 on the same day, in which a number of young men suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 08:30 on Saturday, 27 June 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, northeast of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at agricultural lands for 30 minutes. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 27 June 2020, IOF stationed at Qalandia military roadblock, north of occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Ahmed Wajih Wahdan (22), a person with mobility impairment, and beat him severely, alleging that he has a knife. As a result, Wahdan sustained bruises all over his body. IOF also took Wahdan to “Atrout” settlement’s police station established on Qalandia village’s lands for investigation.Mohammed Wahdan, Ahmed’s brother, said that his brother, who is a roving street vendor at the above-mentioned checkpoint suffers from impaired mobility in his right foot and hand. Mohammed denied the news published by news agencies, including Israeli media, that his brother attempted to carry out a stab attack. Mohammed also said that his brother was arrested near the gate where he used to sell water. Mohammed added that according to eyewitnesses’ statement, Israeli soldiers ordered his brother to move backwards few steps and when he did, they immediately arrested him and beat him. It should be noted that Wahdan is from Qalandia, north of occupied East Jerusalem. Wahdan sustained a fracture in his nose, wounds in his head and foot and bruises throughout his body after IOF attacked him.
  • At approximately 20:00 on the same Saturday, an Israeli force reinforced with several military SUVs stormed al-Samou’s village, south of Hebron. They patrolled the village streets, stationed in its center, and deployed between houses. A number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers, who indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of stone-throwers suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. IOF withdrew from the village later. Neither arrests nor house incursions were reported.
  • At approximately 15:40 on Monday, 29 June 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at agricultural lands for 30 minutes no casualties were

 
II. Incursions and Arrests:

Thursday, 25 June 2020:

  • At approximately 12:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ali Ahmed al-Harsh’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Habayel village in Abu Dis, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hamza Hesham Erekat’s (28) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Erekat’s cousin is Ahmed Mustafa Erekat (26), who was killed by the Israeli soldiers at the “Container” military roadblock last Tuesday, when IOF claimed that the victim attempted to carry out a run-over attack.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Nour Shams refugee camp, in Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ahmed Izzat Zendiq (25).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (8) civilians: Mohammed Hamza Obaid (21), Mohammed Khalil Awwad (21), Awwad Ra’ed Kleib (24), Younis Wissam Abu al-Hums (18), Wadea’ Dawoud Alian (20), Khaled Dia’ Muhaisn (17), Yousif Tareq Darwish (22), and Ahmed Abdulsalam Abu al-Roumi (21).
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Jit village, northeast of Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mo’aweya Ali al-Sidda (26).
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mahmoud Khudair Alian (17), and Mohammed Mousa Mostafa (21), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 16:20, IOF stationed near Ofer detention in Betounia, west of Ramallah, arrested (4) civilians while waiting out of the detention to welcome a Palestinian detainee, from Deir Jreir, to be freed. The arrestees are: Qusai Dawoud Olwi (22), Jehad Mohammed Ajaj (27), Aysar Zeyad Shuja’eya (26), and Ibrahim Abdul Wahab Olwi (23).
  • In the late night hours, IOF stationed at Za’tara military roadblock, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested an officer in the National Security, Ahmed Amin ‘Antari (38), from Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin, IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin; al-Nabi Saleh and Birzeit, in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 26 June 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Burin village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Ghassan Zeidan al-Najjar’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:45, IOF moved into Barqa village, northwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Ali Mohammed Saif’s (37) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at al-Za’eem military checkpoint, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Anwar Sami Obaid (23), and took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that the Israeli Authorities arrested and summonsed Obaid for more than 6 times in the latest months, and he spent up to 20-months in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF deployed in Hebron’s Old City’s neighborhoods, searched and arrested Ahmed Hussain al-Natshah (18), while present near the building of Shari’a court. IOF took him to the police station at “Kiryat Arba’” settlement, east of Hebron.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Jama’in and Kafr Qalil, southeast of Nablus; Jayous and Qalqilia, in Qalqilia governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 27 June 2020:

  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested the Head of the Aqsa Mosque Murabitun Committee, Yousef Ibrahim Mukhaimar (48), while present near al-Asbat Gate, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s gates. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested Mo’men Mohammed Rihan (26), from Tal village, south of Nablus. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Kifl Hares, north of Salfit. No arrests were reported

Sunday, 28 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Bilal Abu al-Zaki (24), and Qasem Halabeyah (26), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ahmed Mohammed Hammad’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in Daheyat al-Zaytoun area. They raided and searched Adnan Younis Abu Tabana’s (50) house and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched four houses and arrested (3) civilians including a child and handed Ahmed Emad al-Badawi (23) a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem. The arrestees are: Ahmed Emad al-Badawi (14), Ahmed Mohammed Adawi (18), and Ahmed Ra’fat al-Badawi (23).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Taqoua’ village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ali Yousef Jabareen (25), and Ahmed Salem Sabbah (20), and handed them summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Qalqilia and Hebla villages in Qalqilia governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 29 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahl, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Oday Hasan al-Khateeb’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Osama Reyad Turkman (19) and Baha’ Adnan Abu Baker (27) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Jalama, northeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Abdullah Ahmed Abu Farha’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Thaheriya village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Mo’ath Mohammed al-Qaisiya’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Dura al-Qara’ village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Amjad Hassan al-Rabei’i’s (32) house and arrested him. It should be noted that the above-mentioned civilian was a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 04:20, IOF moved into Silwad, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Awni Fares Hammad’s (40) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and bulldozers, moved 100-meters from al-Mtabaq Gate on the border fence, to al-Shawka village, east of Rafah, south of the Gaza Strip. They levelled and combed lands. At approximately 11:30, IOF redeployed again.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Beit Hanin neighborhood, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the house of the director of the “Women Development and Empowerment” association, Elham No’man Abu Sbaih (43) house and arrested her along with her son, Ahmed Khader Abu Sbaih (18). Elham’s husband, Khader Abu Sbaih, said that the Israeli “Yasam” special patrol unit aggressively stormed their house, they severely beaten and arrested his son, Ahmed, while he was sleeping. They damaged the house contents and confiscated several documents belonging to Elham, before they arrested her and her son, Ahmed.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stationed at Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Rima’ Mahmoud al-Shabrawi (40), known as “Abu al-Reem”, from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus, north of the West Bank. Rima’ works at the Palestinian Security Services, and he was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 21:00, a group of Mista’arvim (Israeli Special Unit dressed like Palestinian), sneaked to al-Nasra street, northeast of Jenin, and stationed near al-Basateen park. They arrested a worker in the park, Hamza Mohammed Rahhal (20), from Jenin, north of the West Bank, and took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Deir al-Ghsoun and Tulkarem, in Tulkarem governorate; Derastya and Kifl Hares, in Salfit governorate. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 30 June 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into ‘Araba, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mahmoud Mustafa Merdawi’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Shadi Mwafaq Badawna’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Nahaleen, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several; houses and arrested (4) civilians: Ahmed Mohye al-Dein Fannoun (24), Khaldoun Mahmoud Fannoun (31), Hassan Mohammed Najajera (23), and his brother Abdul Halim (20).
  • At approximately 08:45, IOF reinforced with several military bulldozers, moved 100-meters to the east of ‘Abasan al-Kabira and ‘Abasan al-Jadida villages,east of Khan Younis. They leveled and combed lands that were previously levelled amidst Israeli sporadic shooting and redeployed to the north of the border fence after hours.
  • At approximately 11:20, IOF reinforced with 8 military vehicles and bulldozers, moved 100-meters to the west of the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in the Central Gaza Strip. They levelled, combed lands and done maintenance work along the border fence, and then headed to the east of al-Maghazi before they redeployed again at approximately 14:30.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Beit Daqqo village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Ali Dawoud’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF arrested the lawyer Salah Hasan al-Hamouri (35), a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons, while present in a medical center in al-Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, north of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to an unknown destination.It should be noted that al-Hamouri is a French national, and he was sentenced to prison 3 times, in the first sentence he spent about two years before he was released, then he re-arrested again on 2005, and sentenced to 7 years, but he was released after 6 years and a half in the Gilad Shalit prisoner exchange deal in 2011. On 23 August 2017, IOF put him on administrative detention, he was arrested while working as a fieldworker for al-Dameer Association for Human Rights; al-Hamouri spent more than 11-months in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Silwan village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Eslam Mas’oud Zaytoun’s (15) house and arrested him.

Wednesday, 01 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into several neighborhoods in the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched dozens of houses and carried out wide arrests campaign on charge of violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem. The head of the family committee of Jerusalem prisoners, Amjad Abu Asab, that IOF arrested (13) civilians from al-Issaweya, al-Tawr neighborhood, Wadi al-Jouz, and Silwan. The arrestees are: Mohammed Khalil ‘Amira, Ahmed Musallam Abu al-Rab, Oday Mousa al-Sha’er, Bassam Ghaith, Ra’ed al-Ashhab, Mohammed Obaid, Ahmed Mahayna, Ehab Abu Sbitan, Waleed al-Sayyad, Mohammed Khwais, Jawad Jouda and Akram al-Salayma.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Harbi Mohammed Dawoud (26), living in al-Ma’moun St., and Yazan Abdul Naser Zagha (19), and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into ‘Askar al-Balad village, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Mansour Bashar Mansour’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • In the same context, IOF moved into Izbet al-Jarad, east of Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abdul Karim Zeyad al-Hamshari (31).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Thanaba village, east of Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Suliman Husni Saleem Khraisha (37).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Sayel Tahseen Ramadan (40) and Ayoub Ahmed ‘Aseeda (40) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Ramallah, and stationed in al-Teira neighborhood, southwest of the city. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Elia’ Abu Hijla (20), a student at Birzeit University; and Haneen Nassar Fadayel (35), the wife of the prisoner Rami Rizk Fadayel.
  • At approximately 04:20, IOF moved into al-Jalazon refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mahdi Naser Samad’a’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Birzeit, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Amjad ‘Ahed Samhan’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested Amir Issa Za’tara (25), while present near Bab al-Sahera area in the central Old City of Jerusalem. He was taken to “al-Bareed” police station in Salah al-Dein Street.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Ein Yabrod and Batn al-Hawa in Ramallah; Kreesa, Nuba, and Hebron villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and Settler Violence in the West Bank

a. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • On Thursday, 25 June 2020, Israeli military construction vehicles demolished a wall and 2 under-construction houses in ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Anata village council stated that IOF moved into al-Boq’an neighborhood and demolished Saied al-Khatib’s 2-storey under-construction house (200 sqm). The village council clarified that IOF also moved into al-Najma neighborhood, where they demolished ‘Alaa ‘Alqam’s 2-storey house (150 sqm) and a wall surrounding Majdi al-Fahidat’s house ( 80 sqm).
  • At approximately 13:00 on Sunday, 28 June 2020, IOF moved into Beit Iksa village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem and levelled a plot of land. Eyewitnesses said that IOF, backed by military construction vehicles raided Hamayil family’s plot of land and levelled it. Eyewitnesses added that IOF closed the village entrance, surrounded the area and established a tent before levelling the land. It should be noted that Beit Iksa village is inhabited by nearly 2000 citizens and is surrounded by the annexation wall and the Israeli settlements.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 30 June 2020, IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Tawana, al-Rakeez and al-Mofaqarah villages in eastern Yatta, south of Hebron. They distributed 8 notices to demolish and stop working in houses, agricultural rooms, a water well, and a barn.
  • At approximately 06:00, Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished ‘Atiyia Isam’il Mutair and Hayat Dawoud Muhasin’s houses in al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Atiyia Mutair said that Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished a 40-square-meter building comprised of a room, kitchen and bathroom and built in May 2020. Mutair clarified that this building was attached to his old house built in 2013 to shelter his son family. Hayat Muhasin said that she was shocked when Israeli municipality staff raided her 80-square-meter house to demolish it.
  • At approximately 09:00, Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished Yaseen Za’atrah’s house in Dir al-Sunna neighborhood in al-Mukaber Mount village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Za’atrah said that IOF surrounded his house in the morning and forcibly got his family out of the house. They then started to demolish it over its contents. Za’atrah clarified that the municipality staff raided his house in 2013 and ordered him to stop construction. After that, the municipality imposed a fine of NIS 48,000 on him and he is still paying it.
    The municipality then hung a demolition notice on his house in December 2019. Za’atrah said that he headed to Israeli courts to appeal against the demolition notice, but in vain. He added that the municipality ordered him to self-demolish the house, but the construction vehicles’ owners refused to demolish the house, because it is located in a mountainous area. Za’atrah’s house sheltering 7 persons was built on an area of 84 square meters and comprised of 3 rooms, a kitchen and a bathroom.

b. Israeli Settler Violence

  • On Thursday, 25 June 2020, Israeli settlers threw stones at a vehicle belonging to Mohammed ‘Abed al-Hafiz Za’rour (28), from Sir village in Qalqilya. As a result, Za’rour, who suffers from epilepsy, started to lose conscious and received treatment in Rafidia Hospital while his vehicle sustained damage. Za’rour said;
    “At approximately 23:00 on Thursday, 25 June 2020, I was returning from my workplace in Jericho and heading to Sir village. When I arrived at Duma village intersection, I saw a vehicle carrying 3 settlers parked on the street. Two settlers stepped out of the vehicle and the third settler threw a stone at my vehicle, breaking the window. I was afraid and managed to flee towards ‘Aqraba village. I phoned one of my relatives who helped me and took me to the hospital.”
  • At approximately 14:00 on Saturday, 27 June 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Jaf’at Roneem” settlement, which is established in the eastern area of Burin village, southeast of Nablus, set Palestinians’ lands ablaze. As a result, dozens of dunams were burnt.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Sunday, 28 June 2020, Israeli settlers, from ‘Adi ‘Ad settlement outpost, which is established on al-Moghir village lands, east of Ramallah, set Palestinians’ lands ablaze in al-Seder area. As a result, 40 olive trees belonging to Rateeb ‘Abdullah Na’san were burnt.
  • On Tuesday, 30 June 2020, Israeli settlers severely beat Ibrahim Mohammed ‘Assaf (52) and Majdi Najem ‘Issa (45), from Bidiyia village, west of Salfit, while heading to Khellet Hassan area, northwest of the village. As a result, both of them sustained bruises throughout their bodies and received treatment later. Ibrahim ‘Assaf said;
    “At approximately 20:00 on Tuesday, 30 June 2020, my friend Madji and I headed to Khellet Hassan area, where we found 4 settlers. The settlers opened fire at us. We attempted to flee, but they caught us and severely beat us. I fainted and then regained consciousness while they were still beating me. They were speaking in Hebrew and I understood what they were saying. They wanted to kill me in Wadi Qana area, but they reversed their decision. They gave us our IDs and told us that they believed that we are security officers. We were released later and taken to hospital by the village residents.”

PCHR: Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (18 – 24 Jun 2020)

Source

June 25, 2020 10:26 PM

Summary

Israeli forces continued to commit crimes and multifaceted violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including invasions into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, the Israeli military’s excessive use of force killed 1 civilian, rendered 22 injuries among Palestinian civilians, including a child during raids and attacks on peaceful protests in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, which have also witnessed wide-scale demolitions and distribution of demolition notices of civilian houses and properties over the past several weeks, as Israeli occupation authorities prepare to commence its annexation plan of large parts of West Bank territories.

This week, the Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) documented 191 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli Forces and settlers in the occupied Palestinian territories (oPt).
 
IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: IOF shot and wounded 22 Palestinians, including a child, with live and rubber-coated steel bullets in a show of excessive use of force against unarmed civilians in the West Bank.

In Gaza, 6 shootings against agricultural lands in eastern Gaza Strip were reported; and once against fishing boats sailing in northern Gaza sea.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 105 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 88 Palestinians were arrested, including 7 children and 4 women.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 24 violations, including;

  • Hebron: confiscation of sheep barn, caravan, oil pump and archaeological pillars, and distributed two cease-construction notices to two houses;
  • Bethlehem: construction on a settlement-road;
  • East Jerusalem: 2 civilians forced to self-demolish their homes, demolition notices given to two buildings and a house at al-Madares St.; several demolition notices in al-‘Isawiya; 3 houses demolished; confiscation al-Abbasy family land in Silwan village; confiscation a blacksmith workshop and tools; raid on mechanic shops in al-Sawahra and Abu-Dis;
  • Nahalin village: car wash and a house demolished; notice to evacuate a land and to cease rehabilitation work at an agricultural land; and confiscation of a construction vehicle;
  • Salfit: notice to cease-construction on an agricultural room and a rainwater well; 1 house self-demolished and another residential building (3-storey) demolished; other demolitions included: 1 residential facility; 7 small commercial facilities; 1 barracks; under-construction apartment and sports center wall;
  • Ramallah: demolition of 3 houses, including 1 under-construction;
  • Northern Jordan Valley: 48 olive trees bulldozed.

PCHR also documented 2 illegal Israeli settler attacks that included assault in Bethlehem and Ramallah that injured 4 civilians.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Furthermore, since the PA ended security coordination with Israeli authorities in May 2020, hundreds of critically ill patients whose condition cannot afford delays in treatment were denied travel.

This week, 2 children died because they were unable to travel for treatment abroad. This was amplified by the restrictions put in place by IOF since March 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic, that had already had grave implications on the humanitarian and economic situation of the Gaza Strip population.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

 
I. Violation of the Right to Life and to Bodily Integrity/Shooting and other Violations

  • At approximately 08:10 on Friday, 19 June 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, adjacent to the border area. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 19 June 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kufur Qaddoum village’s lands, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF the young concussion grenades, and tear-gas canisters at them. As a result, 10 civilians, including a child, were shot and injured with shrapnel and rubber-coated steel rounds. (The names of the wounded civilians area available at PCHR)
  • At approximately 15:00 on Friday, 19 June 2020, IOF suppressed a peaceful protest at the northern entrance to al-Bireh city called for by national factions in Ramallah and al-Bireh to pretest against the Israeli annexation plan to part of the West Bank lands. Israeli soldiers stationed at al-Mahkamah checkpoint, adjacent to “Beit Eil” settlement, north of the city, fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, dozens of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 07:30 on Saturday, 20 June 2020, reinforced with military SUVs stormed al-Maghir village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses. In the meantime, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered and threw atones and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli soldiers stationed in the center of the village. Israeli soldiers opened fire at the civilians. As a result, a 22-year-old young man was shot with a rubber-coated steel round in his head. He was transferred to Palestine Medical Complex for treatment.
  • At approximately 07:30 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence in eastern al-Maghazi area in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:30 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at a group of civilians in lands adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:10 on Sunday 21 June 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Deir al-Balah shores in central Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishermen and their boats. Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:30 on the same Monday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds in lands adjacent to the border area. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:30 on the same Monday, IOF stationed at al-Hamrah checkpoint, north of the West Bank, fired rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians, who gathered near the checkpoint after Israeli soldiers stationed at the above-mentioned checkpoint prevented dozens of Palestinian buses from crossing the checkpoint to participate in a protest in Jericho against the Israeli annexation plan to be implemented in the next month. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas canisters. They received medical treatment on the field.
  • At approximately 15:00 on the same Monday, a number of civilians gathered in Bab al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at Military Checkpoint (56) established at the entrance to al-Shuhada’a street, which is closed. Israeli soldiers chased stone-throwers and indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of young men suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 16:00on the same Monday, an Israeli infantry unit stormed al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. Israeli soldiers indiscriminately fired tear gas canisters at the camp’s main street claiming that they were stoned. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated to tear gas inhalation. The infantry unit withdrew later from the camp. Neither casualties nor houses incursions were reported.
  • At approximately 17:30 on the same Monday, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in “al-Qatou’a” area, west of Deir Abu Mash’al village, adjacent to the settlement street linking between “Halmish” settlement, north west of Ramallah, to confront Israeli settlers protected by IOF, who carried out riots in the area. They young men threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at settlers’ vehicles passing through the above-mentioned street. Israeli soldiers immediately fired rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, Mos’ab Abu Ata (15) was shot with a rubber bullet in his foot. He was taken via an Israeli ambulance that handed him over to a PRCS ambulance, which referred him to Palestine Medical Complex for treatment.
  • At approximately 22:40 on the same Monday, IOF moved into Nablus from the eastern entrance (Beit Furik) and southern entrance (Howarah) and stationed in the eastern area of the city, to secure the entry of dozens of buses carrying settlers to the above-mentioned area in order to perform prayers in “Joseph’s Tomb” in Balatat al-Balad village. A number of Palestinian civilians gathered and set tires on fire, put barricades, and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli vehicles. IOF immediately fired rubber bullets and sound bombs at civilians to disperse them. As a result, a 24-year-old young man was shot with a rubber bullet in right hand. He was transferred to Rafidia Governmental Hospital for medical treatment. Many also were suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. They received medical treatment on the field.
  • On Tuesday evening, 23 June 2020, Israeli Forces killed a Palestinian young man after opening fire at his vehicle, which collided into the traffic island in the center of al-container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem. IOF claimed that the victim attempted to carry out a run-over attack, but according to the information collected by the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) the victim was in fact was en route to pick up his mother, in preparation for his sister’s wedding, which was supposed to be held in the evening in Abu Dies village. PCHR stresses that IOF used disproportionate force, especially that the victim posed no real threat to the soldiers’ lives in light of the heavy fortifications at the checkpoint.
     According to PCHR’s investigations and eyewitness testimonies, at approximately 15:53 on Tuesday, Ahmed Mostafa Mousa Erekat (26), from Abu Dis village in occupied East Jerusalem, was waiting in queue at al-container military checkpoint in eastern Bethlehem, to cross into Bethlehem where he was supposed to pick up his mother and sisters from a beauty salon in the city and return to Abu Dies village to attend his sister, Eman’s wedding. At approximately 15:55, when Erekat vehicle approached the checkpoint, it deviated from its path and collided into the traffic island opposite the glass room where Israeli border guard soldiers stationed. The soldiers immediately opened fire at the vehicle, wounding Erekat with several live bullets in his upper body. They pulled him out of the vehicle, threw him on the ground and prevented Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS)’s medical crew from approaching him or providing first aid; leaving him to bleed to death on the ground at the checkpoint.
  • At approximately 15:25 on the same Tuesday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Wadi al-Douh area, northeast of Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at the border area and fired a number of tear gas canisters. Palestinian shepherds who were adjacent to the border fence, panicked and left the area. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 08:25 on Wednesday, 24 June 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Blah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire agricultural lands, adjacent to border area. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 18:00 on the same Wednesday, dozens of Palestinian outraged young men at the killing of Ahmed Mustafa Oraiqat (27) gathered in front of Ahmed’s house in Abu Dis village, east of occupied East Jerusalem as the protest took part in all the village streets. The protestors chanted slogans condemning the killing of Qraiqat, headed to the Mount area in the village, and threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli military vehicles. A large Israeli force immediately stormed the village and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors and clashed with them for 4 hours. At approximately 13:00 on the same day, confrontations between IOF and Palestinian young men took part in Ras Kabsah area, adjacent to al-‘Izariyah village, during which IOF fired a barrage of tear gas canisters. As a result, a house owned by Walid Hatem al-Huseini was completely burned after it was hit with many tear gas canisters. Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS) said that its crews offered medical treatment to 9 persons who were shot with rubber bullets and more than 28 persons suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and they received medical treatment on the field.

 
II. Incursions and Arrests:

Thursday, 18 June 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jabal Handaza area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Hatem Yousef al-Refati’s (37) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Bani Na’eem village, east of Hebron. They raided and searched Yehya Khader Humaidat’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Nahaleen, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Bara’ Ibrahim Shakarna’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Sourif village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Malek Tayseer Ghunaimat’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ammer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed Haitham Slaibi’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:10, IOF moved into Jayyous village, northeast of Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Suhaib Wael Shamasnah (21).
  • At approximately 04:20, IOF moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbeya village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Sa’ed Taha al-Khatib’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with 8 military vehicles, moved into al-Beira and stationed in Um al-Sharayit neighborhood. They raided and searched Majd Ibrahim al-Boushi’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into Kafr Tholth village, northeast of Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mahmoud Sameeh Shawahna (22).
  • At approximately 04:40, an undercover unit from the IOF “Mista’arvim” moved into ‘Aqabat Jabr refugee camp, southwest of Jericho. They sneaked by a Ford mini-bus carrying Palestinian registration plates and stationed in front of Mohammed Abdul Karim Abu Zeina’s (27) house and arrested him. Meanwhile, IOF stormed the village and surrounded their house and covered the unit’s withdrawal and took Zeina to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Adam Shafiq Obaid’s (20) house and handed Obaid a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 05:15, IOF moved into Jinsafut village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abdul Rahman Mahmoud Bashir (28), and Sami Abdul Rahman Mahmoud Shubair (33).
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested Fadi Ali Alian (34), the guard of the Aqsa Mosque’s guard, while working in the mosque’s yard in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to one of the investigation centers in the city.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and handed (4) civilians summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services; Anwar Sami Obaid (22), Mohammed Ayman Obaid (20), Mohammed Esmat Obaid (20), and Yousif Ali al-Kaswani (22).
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Azoun village, east of Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Qais Zahran Owda (22).
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, north of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Osaid Mor’eb Jaghoub (22), from Bita village, southeast of the city. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 21:50, IOF stationed in front of Gate (104) established adjacent to the annexation wall, west of Tulkarem, arrested Ibrahim Hussam Mahmoud Darwish (23) and ‘Amer Mahmoud Helal (25), from Tulkarem.
  • IOF carried out (7) incursions in ‘Atouf, southeast of Tubas, Kafr Qalil and Bita, Southeast of Nablus, al-Nabi Saleh and Betounia in Ramallah, Azoun, east of Qalqilia, and Ezbit Shofa, north of Tulkarem. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 19 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Kreesa village, east of Dura, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Husain Ali Husain Shawaheen’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:55, IOF moved into Qafin village, north of Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians: Mohammed Nabil Mahmoud To’ma (26), Ahmed Nabil Mohammed Sabbah (28), Ridwan Nasr al-Dein Ajouli (27), and Adeeb Mohammed Sabbah (24).
  • After Friday prayers, dozens of Susya village’s civilians, south of Hebron, a peaceful protest against the Israeli Authorities’ decision of annexing more areas in the West Bank on July 1. Meanwhile, IOF and group of Susya settlers arrived and tried to ban the protestors from entering the main street and prevented the journalists from documenting the incident. After dispersing the protestors, IOF withdrew, and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 13:50, IOF stationed at the entrance of Salem military court, west of Jenin, arrested Abdul Rahman Taha Abu Sereya (25), from Jenin refugee camp. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:20, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Mghayer village, northeast of Ramallah, and stationed at the main rotary of the village. They raided and searched two houses and arrested a man and a child; Mo’ayad Rayeq al-Na’san (17) and Rajeh Fayeq al-Na’san (20).
  • IOF carried out (11) incursions in Jenin and Qabatya, southeast of Jenin; Kafr Ra’i, southwest of Jenin; Bita, southeast of Nablus; Jericho, Termas’eya, and Na’leen, in Ramallah; Kafr Tholth, east of Qalqilia; Ra’s ‘Ateya, east of Tulkarem; and al-Zaweya, north of Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 20 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Kharas village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Tha’er Aziz Halahela’s (41) house and confiscated his Laptop, and no arrest was reported. It should be noted that Halahela was detained a month ago.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hasan Khaled Alian’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, arrested Ali Jamal Abu Salah (28), from ‘Arraba village, southwest of the Jenin. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Derastya, north of Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 21 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast if the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (9) civilians including (4) children. The arrestees are: Omar Marwan Obaid (18), Mahmoud Marwan al-‘Anati (21), Mahmoud Marwan Owda (16), Hasan Yaser Darweesh (14), Mohammed Murad Dari (17), Mohammed Sameeh Alian (14), Mohammed Nasim Obaid, Mahmoud Abdu Ra’ouf Mahmoud (23), and Ahmed Eyad Awda. IOF also handed Ahmed Khalil Obaid (20) and As’ad Dari (23) summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ammer, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Hamad Yousef Mohammed Bahr (26) and Mohammed Ibrahim Mustafa Sabarna (24). Meanwhile, IOF stormed al-Manasra furniture store in Safa, the northern neighborhood of the city, they opened the store’s doors with special tools, and started searching until 02:30. IOF withdrew and took the arrestees to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Yatta, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Eyad Diab Abu Qbaita’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:20, IOF moved into Dura al-Qara’, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Salim Edris Hamdan (32) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOFD reinforced with two military vehicles moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbeyya village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ra’fat Mohammed Saleem Abu Rabea’s (45) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into al-Rahmah Gate praying hall, east of al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They arrested one of the mosque’s guards and (5) civilians including (2) children and took them to al-Qashla police station in Jerusalem’s Old City. After several hours of investigation, IOF released them on condition that banning their entry to the Aqsa Mosque for a week and refer to the police station to extend their banning decision again for several months. The arrestees are: Abdul Karim Qa’oud, Shifa’ Abu Ghalya (18), Aya Abu Nab (21), Aya Ma’touq (18), Mayar al-Natsheh (16), and Maram al-Natsheh (17).

Monday, 22 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Tayaseer village, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Eyad Mithqal Daraghma (35), Duham Fayez Subaih (28), works at the Palestinian National Security, and Zahi Ahmed Abu Muhsen (45).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Beit Fujjar, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Akram Taqateqa’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:20, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the occupied West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Waseem Jehad Nazzal (25), Ahmed Ibrahim al-Sheikh (18), and his brother Mohammed (19).
  • At approximately 05:30, IOF moved into ‘Anabta village, north of Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Marwan Salim Hannoun (23).
  • At approximately 06:25, IOF moved into Zeita village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Bader Mazen Sayed Ahmed (24).
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF stationed at Howara’s main street in Howara village, southeast of Nablus, arrested (3) civilians from Bita village while presented near a fast-food restaurant. IOF took Sa’eed Rabah Dwaikat (18), Aseel Naser Dwaikat (19), and Ahmed Yaser Dwaikat (18), to unknown destinations.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Bita, southeast of Nablus; Yatta, Sa’eer, and Beit Ammer, in Hebron; Beit Sirra and Na’leen in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 23 June 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (9) civilians, and took them to al-Maskoubeya investigation center, then released them after several hours on financial bail of 10,000 NIS and home confinement. The arrestees are: Mhmoud Shafiq Obaid (20), Amjad Ali Obaid (24), Mohammed Waleed Obaid (21), Ali Mohammed Obaid, Majd Nayef Mustafa (19), Tamer Darwish (21), Eyas Hussain Obaid, Nayef Waseem Obaid (18), and Mahmoud Ramadan Obaid (23).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qalandia refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Isma’el Ahmed Abu Latifa (28), Abdullah Mohammed Alqam (26), and Anas Mohammed Ya’qoub (24).
  • At approximately 03:10, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Kobqr village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mujahed Basel al-Barghouthi’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Saf street in Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ibrahim Maher Khamees (18) and Nidal Ibrahim Abu ‘Ahour (41) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Wadi Hilwa village in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ibtisam Sharaf’s (50) house and arrested her.
  • At approximately 18:40, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the main entrance of al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, arrested Wahbi Ehsan al-Rimawi (29), from Beit Rima village, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF stationed at al-Mahkama checkpoint, near Beit Eil settlement north of the city, arrested Mustafa Mahmoud Ghawanma (17) and Ahmed Ali Safi (17).
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Qabatya, north of the occupied West Bank. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 24 June 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Sawahra al-Sharqeya, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Noah Fahd Za’atra’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Wael Ali Abu Qamar (44) and Yousef Mohammed al-Ra’i (39). Meanwhile, a special unit headed to arrest Bara’ (24) and his brother Hussain Ali Abtali, in Jaljoulia street in the city.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Halhoul, north of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Oday Younis al-Douda (24) and Mohammed Younis al-Bow (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Sameer Zayyat’s (46) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron and stationed at al-Duhdah neighborhood. They raided and searched Mathna Omar al-Qawasma’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into ‘Azoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Belal Mohammed Miskawi (39), and Ibrahim Shaker Shbaita.

 
III. Settlement Expansion and Settler Violence in the Occupied West Bank

i. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Illegal Settlement Expansion Activities

  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 18 June 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Tawana village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. IOF were deployed between Palestinians’ houses while the Israeli Civil Administration officers got Jamal Mohammed ‘Issa Rab’i (44)’s sheep out of the barn and confiscated the shed and steel pipes, under the pretext of establishing the barn without getting a permission from the Israeli Civil Administration Department.
  • On Thursday, the Israeli Nature Authority staff raided al-‘Abasi family land in Silwan’s Wadi al-Rababah neighborhood to seize and confiscate it. Eyewitnesses said that the Israeli Nature Authority staff moved into the land and started working on it, so the land’s owners confronted them. During which, the Israeli Nature Authority staff pepper-sprayed ‘Abasi family members, including the elderly Mohamed Dawoud (90). As a result, they sustained burns in their faces and suffocated. The Israeli police arrived at the area and informed al-‘Abasi family that the Israeli Nature Authority staff could gardening the land upon the court’s decision and if they have any objection, they could head to the court.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli Municipality staff along with officers from the Israeli Ministry of Interior moved into the eastern lands of al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, where distributed demolition and eviction notices. Mohammed Abu al-Humus, Head of the Follow-up Committee in al-‘Isawiya village, said that Israeli authorities distributed demolition and eviction notices in al-‘Isawiya village in favor of establishing National Parks on Palestinians’ lands. He added that Israeli authorities prevented the village residents from construction and demolished their houses, in addition to distributing notices every week, under the pretext of non-licensing. He also clarified that Israeli authorities refused to endorse the structural map that enables the residents to build and expand.
  • On the same day, IOF demolished a car wash in al-Manshiyia village, near Taqou’a village, east of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Mayor of Taqou’a Municipality, Tayseer Abu Mefreh, said that IOF moved into ak-Manshiyia village and demolished ‘Ali al-Khatib’s 70-square-meter car wash, under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • On the same day, Israeli military construction vehicles bulldozed a house in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Ahmed Salah, Head of al-Khader village, said that IOF moved into Kherbet ‘Alia in Um Rokba area in al-Khader village and demolished Sameer Ahmed Salah’s house comprised of 2 rooms and a kitchen and built of tin plates. Salah clarified that the house sheltered 6 persons. It should be noted that IOF demolished Salah’s 150-square-meter house 6 months ago.
  • On Saturday, 20 June 2020, Eyad and Feras Nabeel Da’nah implemented the Israeli Municipality order and self-demolished their houses in Hosh al-A’war area in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Feras Da’nah said that he was handed 2 demolition notices months ago and due to the outbreak of coronavirus, the Israeli municipality delayed the demolition. Since then, he went to several lawyers to stop the demolition, but in vain. Da’nah clarified that the municipality staff prevented him from completing the construction and ordered his brother ‘Alaa to vacate the 2 houses and self-demolish them, or they will pay the demolition costs for the municipality. He added that he submitted an application to license the houses and informed the municipality that he will pay all fines, but it refused. Da’nah pointed out that he borrowed NIS 10,000 in order to build the two houses and got a loan to live in the house with his two brothers.
  • On Sunday, 21 June 2020, Israeli authorities notified a Palestinian civilian to vacate his agricultural land in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that IOF notified Bassam Khalil Jaber Ghunaim to vacate his 6 dunums of agricultural lands in Khelt al-Fahem area in al-Khader village. It should be noted that al-Khader village residents are continuously exposed to IOF and settlers’ attacks, including levelling lands, uprooting trees and preventing farmers’ access to their lands.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet Bereen, west of Bani Na’iem village, west of Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers handed Fayiz Imraziq al-Faqeer and Isma’il Joudi Burqan notices to stop construction works in their 50-square-meter houses built of bricks and tin plates.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Sunday, 21 June 2020, IOF moved into Khelet Kharoub area in Burqeen village, west of Salfit. They distributed a notice to stop construction works in an agricultural room and a water well, in addition to hanging another notice on an agricultural room’s wall, under the pretext of being in Area C. The room owner, ‘Abed al-Fattah Samarah, said that IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Khelet Kharoub area, where I built an agricultural room and a water well. They also hanged a notice on the wall of an agricultural room built 8 months ago.
  • On Sunday, 21 June 2020, IOF stopped reclaiming agricultural lands and confiscated a bulldozer in Nahaleen village, west of Bethlehem. Hani Fanoun, Deputy of Nahaleen Municipality Mayor, said that IOF moved into Thour al-Za’faran area, south of the village, and stopped reclaiming agricultural lands. They then confiscated a bulldozer working in the land and detained its owner. Fanoun added that IOF threatened Nahaleen Municipality and Palestinian civilians not to return to the area and work on it, under the pretext of being under Israeli sovereignty.
  • On the same day, Israeli bulldozers, under IOF protection, built a new road for Israeli settlers in Nahaleen village. The new road will connect the two settlements “Beitar Illit” and “Gush Etizon”. IOF imposed tight measures on civilians to deny their access to the area. The building of this road will isolate 4 dunums of the village lands from its surrounding in a proactive step to control these lands planted with different types of trees.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 23 June 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Wad al-A’war area, south of Hebron. The military construction vehicles demolished Thair Farah ‘Abed al-Motaleb Ghaith’s 30-square-meter agricultural room, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Zaif area, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers confiscated a 20-square-meter mobile caravan and a diesel fuel dispenser belonging to Ahmed Abu Rajab, who was handed a list of confiscated items to refer to the competent authorities in “Gush Etizon” settlement.
  • At the same time, IOF seized equipment from a blacksmith workshop and raided an automobile repair shop in al-Sawhrah and Abu Dies villages, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem. Activist Mohammed Hijazi said that a large force of IOF moved into al-Sawhrah village and seized equipment from ‘Urwa Ja’afrah’s blacksmith workshop. He added that IOF moved into Abu Dies village, where they raided and searched Nouh Za’atrah’s automobile repair shop.
  • On the same day, IOF demolished Mohammed al-Rajbi’s house in al-Bostan neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • Mohammed al-Rajbi said that IOF accompanied with Israeli Municipality staff raided his house sheltering him, his wife and their 4 children and demolished it with manual machineries, because their construction vehicles could reach the house location. Al-Rajbi added that he built his house in March 2020 and during that period, he received notices to stop construction works. When he lived in the house in May 2020, the Israeli Municipality issued an administrative demolition order against his house. Al-Rajbi also said that he attempted to freeze the demolition order, but in vain. After that, the court gave him until 15 June to vacate the house. Al-Rajbi clarified that his 130-square-meter house costs NIS 100,000, and that he could not self-demolish his house despite the high demolition costs that would be imposed on him after the municipality crews carried out the demolition.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Tawameen area, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers confiscated hand tools used for excavation from Barakat Mahmoud Barakat Mur’s land.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Thaghrah area, east of Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron. IOF raided Khaled Yousef Berighith’s house and confiscated stone pillars. IOF handed Berighith a list of confiscated items and withdrew later.
  • On Tuesday, 23 June 2020, Israeli Municipality staff hanged demolition orders on 2 buildings and a house in Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Hussain Mohamed al-‘Abasi said that the municipality hanged a demolition order on his building comprising of a shop and 2 apartments; the first sheltering 4 persons and building on (75 sqm), and the second sheltering 7 persons and building on (40 sqm). Also, Israeli Municipality staff hanged a demolition order on Sa’ied ‘Ali al-‘Abasi’s 110-square-meter building comprising of 2 floors; each one includes 2 apartments sheltering 16 persons. It should be noted that al-‘Abasi’s building was built 60 years ago. Al-‘Abasi said that the municipality staff informed all the notified buildings’ owners that their houses will be demolished under the pretext of construction without licensing, noting that all buildings were established 25-60 years ago.
  • At approximately 07:30 on Wednesday, 24 June 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Betunia village, west of Ramallah. IOF demolished ‘Abed al-‘Aziz ‘Odah al-Farroukh’s under-construction house (110 sqm), under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C.
  • At approximately 08:00, Israeli Municipality staff demolished a floor comprised of 2 residential apartments in al-Raba’ia neighborhood in al-Mukaber Mount area, south of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Ra’fat Rabai’a, an apartment’s owner, said that he was shocked when the municipality staff raided his house and demolished it, noting that a court session was supposed to be held on afternoon regarding the demolition order. Rabai’a added that the municipality staff used manual machineries to demolish the 3rd He also said that each floor was comprised of 2 apartments and built 25 years ago. He clarified that in April 2020, he repaired the house roof built of bricks, so the municipality issued an order to stop working and appointed a court session. Rabai’a said he his apartment sheltered his family comprising of 5 persons while the 2nd under-construction apartment was for his brother Mohammed.
  • At approximately 09:00, Israeli municipality bulldozes demolished Sharhabeel ‘Alqam’s house in Beit Haninah neighborhood, north of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Alqam said that the municipality staff bulldozed his house, although a court session was supposed to be held at 13:30. He added that his 120-square-meter house, sheltered 9 persons and was built 2 months ago.
  • At approximately 09:15, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Beit Sira village, west of Ramallah. IOF were stationed at the entrance to al-Latroun Street, near a military checkpoint established there. The military construction vehicles demolished Ahmed Fayiz Abu Safia’s under-construction house (90 sqm), under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C. Meanwhile, clashes broke out between Palestinian young men and IOF, who indiscriminately fired a barrage of sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the stone-throwers. As a result, olive trees in the area were set ablaze. The Palestinian civil defense vehicles immediately arrived and put out the fire. It should be noted that Israeli authorities did not notify the mentioned house prior to the demolition.
  • At approximately 09:30, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Bardalah village, west of Jericho in northern Jordan valley. The military construction vehicles bulldozed 84 olive trees from agricultural lands and workers from private companies cut the trees with saws. The damaged trees belong to al-Rabai’a family, and they were as follows:(58) olive trees planted 9 years ago, property of ‘Izzat Faleh Mahmoud Raba’ia, were damaged.
    (13) olive trees planted 12 years ago, property of Mohmoud Faleh Mahmoud Raba’ia, were damaged.
    (7) olive trees planted 12 years ago, property of Hazza’ Faleh Mahmoud Raba’ia, were damaged.
  • At approximately 16:40, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Jabal area in al-Tira neighborhood, southwest of Ramallah. The military construction vehicles demolished Natheer Mohammed’s under-construction house (160 sqm), under the pretext of non-licensing.

ii. Israeli Settler Violence

  • On Friday, 19 June 2020, Israeli settlers beat and pushed Wadee’ Fadi Salah (15), from al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. As a result, he sustained bruises throughout his body and received treatment in Beit Jala Governmental Hospital. Activist Ahmed Salah said the Israeli settlers attacked Salah while staying near his house in Abu Sowd area, west of the village. They chased and pushed him from a great height, causing bruises and wounds throughout his body. He was then taken to a hospital in Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 12:00 on Tuesday, 23 June 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Nahleel” settlement, which is established on Ras Karkar lands, west of Ramallah, attacked Ratib ‘Othman Abu Fikhidah (62) , his son ‘Othman (28) and his grandson Moheeb (18) while present in their agricultural lands in the village outskirts. As a result, they sustained wounds and bruises throughout their bodies and received treatment at Palestine Medical Complex.

رئيس الموساد السابق يكشف عن «خطّة ثورية» ضدّ حزب الله

ترجمة رامزا صادق

تولى تامير باردو رئاسة جهاز الموساد الإسرائيلي بين العامين 2011-2016. ومن المعلوم أنّ كلّ من يعمل في مجال المخابرات، خاصة أولئك الذين يتولون مواقع قيادية مسؤولة، تبقى لهم صلات ويُكلّفون أحياناً بمهمات استثنائية تجعلهم على اطلاع دائم على بعض الخفايا والخبايا والخطط، ويكون لكلامهم في أيّ مسألة أبعاد ودلالات يجب أخذها في عين الاعتبار.

من هنا تأتي ضرورة قراءة ما ورد في الجزء الثاني من حديث تامير باردو لصحيفة «جيروزاليم بوست»، خاصة أنه تحدث مطوّلاً عن خطّة لم تُنشَر من قبل تهدف للقضاء على حزب الله عن طريق العقوبات التي يقودها تحالف الولايات المتحدة والاتحاد الأوروبي وبعض العرب.

وفقاً لباردو، فإنّ إمكانية تقييد حزب الله بالعقوبات أسهل بعشر مرّات من تقييد إيران. وإذا فعلها الرئيس الأميركي سيكون للعقوبات تأثير كبير على المأزق النووي الإيراني.

لماذا وُصفت هذه الخطّة بـ «الثورية» وما هي آلية تنفيذها؟

يقول باردو في هذا الشأن، «لبنان هو الدولة الوحيدة في العالم التي لديها كيان أقوى من الجيش. حزب الله هو لبنان، إنه جزء من الحكومة ويشارك في جميع القرارات السياسية، هو منفصل عن الجيش، فجيشه ضخم ولديه الكثير من الخبرة القتالية التي لا ينبغي الاستخفاف بها. في حال تمّ فرض جوانب قليلة من العقوبات القاسية على لبنان، فسيكون ذلك أكثر فعاليّة من خوض حرب ضدّ حزب الله.»

ويتابع باردو قائلاً «خلال حرب لبنان الثانية عام 2006، كان هناك مفهوم عام بمهاجمة حزب الله فقط. أمّا الآن فهذا المبدأ عفا عليه الزمن.»

وذهب الرئيس السابق للموساد إلى أبعد من ذلك، مضيفاً: «لا يزال بإمكان إسرائيل شنّ حرب ضدّ حزب الله، لكنّ في الوقت الراهن، لهزيمته بالكامل سيتعيّن علينا غزو شمال لبنان بسبب صواريخه بعيدة المدى. وتشير التقديرات إلى أنّ إرسال قوّات بريّة إلى عمق شمال لبنان من المرجّح أن يؤدّي إلى ارتفاع معدّلات الخسائر في صفوف المدنيين وقوّات الجيش الإسرائيلي عمّا كان عليه خلال الحرب الأخيرة. بالإضافة إلى كلّ هذا، يُقال إنّ الجبهة الداخلية الإسرائيلية أصيبت بحوالي 130.000 صاروخ من حزب الله.»

كما تابع باردو «أصرّ على أنه يمكننا حلّ المشكلة اللبنانية بطرق مختلفة وأكثر ملاءمة. في حال أعلن ترامب فرض عقوبات على لبنان كما فعل ضدّ إيران، فلا يمكن الاقتصاد اللبناني الصمود أكثر من ثلاثة إلى أربعة أشهر، لبنان ليس إيران، هو دولة صغيرة تعتمد على الغرب والدول السنيّة المعتدلة. إنّ هذه الاستراتيجية يمكن أن تغيّر قواعد اللعبة، في حال دمجت بين قدرة ترامب مع فرنسا ودعم دول الخليج المعتدلة لأن لها مصالح مشتركة في تحييد حزب الله في اليمن ومناطق أخرى».

ويردف باردو: «أعتقد أنه من المؤسف للغاية أنّ هذه الاستراتيجية لم يتمّ تنفيذها لأن من الأسهل بكثير على الدول الأخرى أن تترك إسرائيل تواجه وحدها حزب الله. فهم لا يأخذون بالاعتبار دخول إيران إلى سورية من خلال حزب الله وتورّطه مع الميليشيات الشيعية العراقية.»

يضيف باردو «أنّ العقوبات ستضرّ، على المدى القصير، بالسنّة والمسيحيين في لبنان، لكن الضرر سيكون أقلّ كلفة من نشوب حرب بين إسرائيل وحزب الله».

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