IMPRESSIONS FROM AN INFORMAL MEETING WITH ASMA AL-ASSAD, SYRIA’S FIRST LADY

By Eva Bartlett

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*(All photos taken from the Facebook page “Asma al Assad – Syria’s First Lady“)

I had been sitting in a small entrance room for what seemed less than a minute when the door opened and Syria’s first lady, Her Excellency Asma al-Assad, greeted me with a warm smile, welcoming me inside a slightly larger sitting room. In official meetings I had had over the years in Syria, I was accustomed to a secretary or assistant escorting me into the meeting room. Asma al-Assad, however, does things up close and personal.

Over the years in Syria, I had heard from people I encountered that she and President Assad routinely meet with their fellow Syrians in crowded venues, mixing and engaging with the people. I had also seen countless photos and videos of the Assads visiting Syrians in their homes around the country.

While I have been to Syria over a dozen times in the past seven years, it had never occurred to me to request a meeting with the first lady. But when that opportunity recently presented itself, I leapt at the chance to speak with one of the most beloved figures in Syria, and to hear her thoughts on her country, her fellow Syrians, and on the plights they are all in. And as it turned out, it was a chance to hear her poignant insights on her role as a mother, a citizen, the wife of the President and a leader in her own right.

Even before assuming the role of Syria’s first lady, Asma al-Assad made it a priority to focus on the development of Syria, and over the years since she’s headed organizations focusing on a range of development issues, including financial, educational and vocational. To effectively work on the many issues she does, her level of awareness of Syrians’ situation on the ground is crucial.

She has travelled widely around Syria, to the smallest villages, to meet with those who could benefit from the various organizations she heads. Videos abound of the first lady, and also the president, visiting wounded soldiers, families of martyrs, cancer patients, and impoverished Syrians, greeting them with hugs and kisses to their cheeks. They often sit with them on the floor of their homes, listening to them talk about their experiences.

In fact, in an interview she gave in 2002, Asma al-Assad explained:

“I wanted to meet [ordinary Syrians] before they met me. Before the world met me. I was able to spend the first couple of months wandering around, meeting other Syrian people. It was my crash course. I would just tag along with one of the many programmes being run in the rural areas. Because people had no idea who I was, I was able to see people completely honestly, I was able to see what their problems were on the ground, what people are complaining about, what the issues are. What people’s hopes and aspirations are. And seeing it first-hand means you are not seeing it through someone else’s eyes. It was really just to see who they are, what they are doing.”

As I already had an appreciation for what she’s accomplished I approached our recent meeting with a great degree of admiration for the person she is and the compassion she exudes.

Since this meeting was not a formal interview, I did not seek to record the over two hours of conversation with Her Excellency. Immediately after leaving, however, I did jot down as many notes about our conversation as I could recall, and will do my best to do justice to what Asma al-Assad said, sometimes quoting her but in general paraphrasing her words.

Also, while I wish to express the respect she deserves in her role as the first lady, and whereas most would call her Your Excellency, I’m also aware that she isn’t fond of titles and fanfare, one of many traits evidencing her humility. Thus, to find middle ground I will either refer to her as the first lady or Asma al-Assad.

Finally, although I’ve begun this essay with focus on Asma al-Assad and her character, what follows is really about Syria, through her eyes, and at some points my own. From the way she spoke, it is very clear that everything she does for her country is for her country, and she does so with an admirably passionate commitment.

I was admittedly anticipating our meeting, wondering how it might unfold. As it turned out, from the initial greeting, conversation flowed naturally and comfortably, which I attribute not only to Asma al-Assad’s ability to put those she meets with at ease very quickly, but also to the genuine interest and attention she pays everyone she meets.

She asked about my family, and was concerned about my own well being—to which my answer was something along the lines of: I’m very gratefully in the place I would most want to be right now. She asked about my experiences in Palestine in general, and my years in Gaza specifically. This was not feigned interest, as the first lady has consistently shown support for Palestine.

In late 2008/early 2009, when Israel was committing a massacre of Palestinian civilians in Gaza who had nowhere to flee, I was living in Gaza, and during the war riding in ambulances, documenting Israel’s war crimes. For three weeks, civilians were bombarded relentlessly—including with White Phosphorous, DIME, dart (flechette) bombs, drone strikes, Apache and tank shelling, and the massive one ton bomb airstrikes. In the end, Israel’s assault killed over 1400 Palestinians.

During an interview she gave to CNN at the time, Syria’s first lady spoke on the horrors which Palestinians were enduring during the massacre and also due to the inhumane Israeli siege on Gaza, rendering Gaza a prison. She spoke movingly of the over 80 percent of Palestinians in Gaza reliant on food aid to merely survive, the nearly 1 million (there are far more now) who don’t have access to clean water, and on many of the other sordid realities about life under siege in Gaza.

“This is the 21st Century. Where in the world could this happen? Unfortunately, it is happening. Just imagine your children living in Gaza. Mothers in Gaza can’t cook. Why can’t they cook? Because they don’t have access to fuel, they don’t even have access to the basic foodstuffs that are required to get a meal together, so children don’t eat. You put your children to bed at night and you expect to see them in the morning. That’s a luxury that people in Gaza just do not have. So what would it be like for you, living under those circumstances?”

WORKING FOR SYRIANS

During our meeting I commented on her work drive, knowing that throughout the past months when around the world things have slowed to a halt she has continued working on issues related to Syria’s development and empowering Syrians from all walks of life.

In May she participated in a workshop with staff of Jarih al-Watan (The Nation’s Wounded), a national veteran support program created in 2014 to help injured soldiers rebuild their lives and reintegrate back into society. The program provides support in several key areas including physical rehabilitation, mental health, education grants, vocational training and financial aid for small and medium enterprises.

The first lady explained that working hard is natural for her. She graduated from university quite young and started working professionally at age 21. When it comes to her work for Syrians, it’s more than her natural drive, it is something she is compelled to do for her country.

She talked to me about her cancer treatment (2018-2019), saying that people likely expected her to stay home, to discontinue work or at least work less because she was ill and undergoing treatment. But for her, how could she, for example, delay a child from getting treatment for a hearing aid, or delay a patient from getting medical care, “simply because I was feeling tired.”

Most people who have had a cold or flu would stay home during their illness, justifiably so. That Asma al-Assad refused to do so while enduring cancer treatment and all of the painful and exhausting side effects speaks volumes to her devotion to her people, a point worth stressing given that Western media has done their utmost to vilify her and the President.

Apart from her development work, the first lady quietly works to change antiquated mindsets on how to do things in Syria. She is also keen to encourage people in general, especially children, including her own, to think for themselves.

“We are trying to encourage young people to ask questions and think critically, which should be in line with democracy and freedom of opinion…”

Encouraging critical thinking and questioning of everything are traits that make for a more open society. For at least the past decade, the US and allies have preached about wanting freedom and democracy in Syria. But while gushing about freedom, they were funding and supporting terrorism, illegally occupying Syrian land, stealing Syrian oil, and prolonging terrorism in the country.

The forward-thinking approach Asma al-Assad embodies could lead to changes for the better in Syria. Yet, because the West is on a mission to impose a government which will do America’s bidding, people and policies that are actually good for Syria are dismissed and ridiculed by America and her allies.

Meanwhile, ironically, in Western countries, censorship has become increasingly rife, with dissenting voices being deleted from Youtube, Twitter, and Facebook, and with critical articles on current events being labelled as “fake news” by Western-government affiliated so-called “fact checkers”.

The first lady noted, “People are being steered by a narrative. They are not allowed to have an opinion any longer. There’s now no freedom of speech in the West.”

IMPACTS OF AMERICA’S DEADLY SANCTIONS

In June, America again ratcheted up its decades-old sanctions on Syria, adding a new round of sanctions meant to utterly debilitate the people of Syria— who’ve already suffered nearly ten years of war.

Every day where I am now in Syria, I hear and see things that drive home just how utterly brutal the US sanctions are: a friend whose aunt can’t get the medications needed for her cancer, another friend whose cousin died as a result of not getting the medications he needed for his chronic illness.

The sanctions are deliberately targeting Syrian civilians, and that is the intent of the United States. The US pretext of “helping Syrians” by sanctioning their country is sociopathic double-speak. The reality is they are slowly killing Syrians.

Under the latest sanctions, civilians are denied medicines, access to up to date medical equipment, and as a consequence, denied medical treatment.

The first lady spoke on how much harder life has gotten for Syrians.

“The medical equipment in Syria (like radiotherapy) needed to treat cancer patients is outdated and it is getting harder and harder to maintain these machines and keep them working. With the sanctions, chemotherapy drugs have become harder to source decreasing the likelihood of patients surviving cancer. If I was facing cancer now instead of two years ago, I wouldn’t be able to get the needed treatment. This is the case for Syrians now.”

I asked about importing the materials needed for local manufacturing. But the problem is, she told me, companies cancel contracts for fear of being punished by the US for violating sanctions.

The first lady asked me what I noticed in recent visits to Syria. I said that I had imagined things would be better after the 2018 liberation of eastern Ghouta and other areas occupied by terrorists and the cessation of their daily mortar and missile attacks on residential areas of Damascus.

But although there is peace, people I meet are despondent about the future. Young people want to leave, to find work or study abroad. And while Syria has started to rebuild, the truth is we don’t know how long that will take, particularly given that the latest sanctions target reconstruction as well. Nor do people know how or when the economy will improve.

The shattered economy is largely a product of ten years of terrorism, war, the sanctions, and the US-Turkish theft and destruction of Syria’s resources, particularly oil. The Syria-wide bout of crop fires in wheat and barley growing regions has devastated farmers and contributes to the country’s economic woes. Farmers blame US and Turkish occupation forces for deliberately setting some of the fires, with Turkish forces even allegedly firing on farmers to keep them from extinguishing the flames.

Destroying the economy, starving the people, bringing people to their knees, in hopes they will vote against their president. That is the US strategy.

However, the US and allies have from day one underestimated the Syrian people. Syrians have shown the world the meaning of steadfastness, facing the most powerful nations and their terrorist proxies, and rising undefeated. But doing so with untold, tragic losses.

HONOURING THE SACRIFICES OF SYRIAN SOLDIERS

The first lady spoke of supporting micro businesses as a long term strategy to improve the economy for all, not just for some. This is something she’s been doing for nearly twenty years in Syria, with a variety of initiatives on microfinance, funding and training.

Tied into this is the vocational training that enables startup projects.

This June, at Nasmet Jabal, in a mountainous area in northwestern Syria, I saw wounded former Syrian soldiers receiving vocational training, learning cheese and yogurt making, staples of the Syrian diet. In previous years, at a Damascus community centre supported by the Syria Trust, I saw women learning sewing skills, likewise to enable them to be employed or start their own businesses.

When speaking of her and her husband’s approach to raising their children, Asma al-Assad noted the importance of their children knowing the sacrifices of Syrian soldiers, stressing that her children are able to do the most basic things in life—walk, study, even just be alive—precisely because the army has defended Syria, and in many cases with soldiers paying a deep price in doing so.

This is one reason their three children frequently appear with the first lady and president in their visits to wounded soldiers.

Last month at the vocational training, I heard the testimonies of a number of such wounded soldiers, suffering injuries that should be life-shattering. But like wounded soldiers I’ve met over the years, they shared an inspirational drive to rebuild their lives, physically, materially and emotionally

In February 2011, Vogue published a surprisingly honest article on the first lady and her work for Syria, titled “Asma al-Assad: A Rose in the Desert.” Although Vogue later removed it from their website, I would encourage people to read the archived copy. It gives a detailed sense of the work and life of the first lady. The author spent several days with Asma al-Assad, getting informative glimpses into the workings of her foundations, and of the first lady herself.

I was told some months ago that when the first lady learned of the title, she was not pleased as one might have expected.

“I am not the only rose, you are all roses,” she said to a room of women at the Syria Trust for Development.

Throughout Syria’s history women have played prominent roles, from Queen Zenobia in the 3rd century AD, to women defending Syria against terrorism, to Nibal Madhat Badr first female Brigadier General in the Syrian Army, to the mothers of martyrs.

Syria’s Vice President, Najah Al-Attar, is a woman, as is Bouthaina Shaaban, media and political advisor to the president. Armenian MP Nora Arissian and former independent MP Maria Saadeh are among countless others.

Asma al-Assad also balked at the portrayal of Syria as a desert, a portrayal physically depicting the country as a vast sandy region, but also incorrectly implying a lack of culture and education, a sense of backwardness.

Just as the cultural mosaic is vast and varied, so is Syria’s landscape, with snowy mountains, steaming coastal areas replete with citrus and banana trees, rolling hills in the northwest, and yes desert areas to the east.

Anyone who has had the fortune to come to Syria likewise is aware of how empowered women are, how rich the culture is, and how valued education is. Art and music flourish here. Teenagers participate in science Olympiads.

In the past four months, I’ve had some opportunities to see more of Syria’s beautiful landscapes that I’ve described. Prior to the war, Syria was a popular tourist destination, particularly for its rich culture and landscapes, as well as for its ancient areas and cities and historic sites.

But historic and cultural sites aside, there is an aspect of Syria’s history and culture that the first lady is extremely worried about losing: the intangible culture, customs passed down through generations. A dialect gets lost because people who fled an area sometimes will not return.

She told me of a village woman who still hand makes Freekah (whole grains of wheat harvested while still green) in the traditional way. But most young people in the village have left, so that tradition won’t be passed down.

Syria is trying to document its intangible culture, a monumental task considering how much there is to document.

FINAL THOUGHTS

I’ll conclude by saying that whereas over the past decade there has been a systematic effort by Western media, politicians and government-aligned “human rights” groups to vilify the first lady, president and army, the reality on the ground is in stark contrast to the propaganda emanating from Washington.

Anyone who has followed the war on Syria, and the Western aggression against so many nations, will be aware that one of the first things America and allies does is to vilify the leadership, those same leaders they may have previously praised as being moderate.

The abrupt removal shortly after publication by Vogue of its feature on the first lady is a perfect example of the media being directed to not allow any positive reflections on Syria’s key figures. Only cartoonish denominations are allowed in Western media now. The 2002 interview with Asma al-Assad which I referenced at the start was published in the Guardian, an outlet which has since become a prime source of the most vile war propaganda against Syria and the whitewashing of terrorists’ crimes.

Meeting Syria’s first lady confirmed what I already knew from speaking with countless Syrians over the years, and from observing from afar the work she does: she is a strong, intelligent, down to earth, and compassionate woman dedicated to empowering and helping her fellow Syrians.

I am extremely grateful for the time I had with her. At a time of global instability, sitting with Asma al-Assad was calming and inspiring.

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Palestine Bleeds: Execution of Autistic Man is Not an Exception but the Norm

Source

June 10, 2020

The mother of Iyad Hallaq, an autistic Palestinian man who was killed by Israeli forces in Jerusalem. (Photo: via Social Media)

By Ramzy Baroud

A 32-year-old man with the mental age of an 8-year-old child was executed by Israeli soldiers on May 30, while crouching behind his teacher near his special needs school in the Old City of Jerusalem.

The cold-blooded murder of Iyad Hallaq might not have received much attention if it were not for the fact that it took place five days following the similarly heartbreaking murder of a 46-year-old black man, George Floyd, in Minneapolis, at the hands of American police.

The two crimes converge, not only in their repugnancy and the moral decadence of their perpetrators but also because countless American police officers have been trained in Israel, by the very Israeli ‘security forces’ that killed Hallaq. The practice of killing civilians, with efficiency and callousness, is now a burgeoning market. Israel is the biggest contributor to this market; the US is the world’s largest client.

When thousands of people rushed to the streets in Palestine, including hundreds of Palestinian and Israeli Jewish activists in Jerusalem, chanting “Justice for Iyad, justice for George”, their cry for justice was a spontaneous and heartfelt reaction to injustice so great, so blatant.

Hallaq’s story might appear particularly unique, as the ‘suspected terrorist’ was killed while merely walking in King Faisal Street in Jerusalem, on his way to take out the trash. He was afraid of soldiers and terrified of blood.

“He was also afraid of the armed police officers who stood along the route to the special needs center he went to, where he participated in a vocational training program,” the Israeli newspaper, Haaretz, reported.

Hallaq’s many fears, which may have appeared exaggerated by his family, turned out to be true. Even an autistic person in Palestine is not safe from the vengeance of soldiers.

But Iyad Hallaq did not need to die for Israel to maintain its pathological sense of ‘security’. The fact that he was already shot and wounded, and found bleeding in a roofless garbage room in Jerusalem’s Old City, was not enough to spare him that horrific fate. The fact that the man screamed in agony while hiding behind his caregiver, who pleaded with the soldiers, begging them to stop puncturing his already bleeding body with more bullets, was also not enough.

Still, the soldiers stepped forward, and from a very close range, fired three bullets into Hallaq’s midsection as he lay wounded on his back. Instantly, the young man, the ‘apple of the eyes of his parents’, ceased breathing.

“He was our mother’s love, her entire life,” Iyad’s sister, Diana said in an interview with +972 magazine., adding:

“She would hold his hand like he was a baby, and he would walk with her to the market, or the mosque or the clothing store. He was like her shadow. She worried about him and whether other kids would bother or hurt him.”

Caught off guard by the grisly nature of the murder and the mental state of the victim, Israel’s spin doctors moved quickly to contain the damage, initially spreading lies that Hallaq was carrying a toy gun at the time of the shooting, then backing off, promising an investigation.

But what is there to investigate? In recent years, the Israeli army has upgraded its code of conduct, adopting a shoot-to-kill policy of any Palestinian they suspect of attempting to harm Israeli occupation soldiers, even when the alleged Palestinian ‘attacker’ is no longer posing a threat.

In the case of Gaza, where protesters are separated from Israeli snipers by barbed wire and nearly a mile-long empty space, the Israeli military issued orders, as of June 2019, to shoot and kill ‘key instigators’ of the mass protests even while ‘at rest’. Hundreds of people have been killed in Gaza’s Great March of Return in this way, and the ‘key instigators’ included medics, journalists, young boys, and girls.

Indeed, the killing of Palestinian civilians is a regular occurrence. It is the devastating routine with which Palestinians have been forced to co-exist for many years and for which Israel was never ever held accountable.

Only one day before Hallaq was murdered, Fadi Samara Qaad, 37, was killed by Israeli occupation soldiers while driving his car near the Palestinian village of Nabi Saleh, west of Ramallah.

The Israeli military immediately claimed that Qaad “tried to ram his car into a group of soldiers” before they opened fire, killing him on the spot.

This is the go-to Israeli military pretense that is often offered when a Palestinian driver is shot and killed by Israeli soldiers. Otherwise, the Palestinian victim, whether a man, a woman, or a child, is often accused of carrying a ‘sharp object’.

Hallaq’s mental disability might have spared him, in the eyes of some, from being that archetypical ‘terrorist’, although the Israeli army immediately raided his house, looking for ‘evidence’ that would implicate him and be useful in their sinister propaganda.

In the case of Qaad, a Palestinian worker, on his way to join his wife in a nearby town to celebrate the Muslim Eid holiday, the Israeli army statement suffices, no questions asked.

This is the same stifling logic that has prevailed in Palestine for so many years, and counting. Children are killed for throwing stones at men with guns, who have invaded their homes and villages; pregnant women are gunned down at Israeli army checkpoints; men with amputated legs on wheelchairs shot by snipers while protesting and demanding their freedom.

All of this is taking place in the complete absence of any promising political horizon. Even the protracted and ultimately useless ‘peace process’ has been halted in favor of greater American backing of Israel and of the Israeli government’s mad rush to expand illegal Jewish settlements.

To secure his colonial accomplishments – read: land theft – Israel’s Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, is about to reveal the crown jewel of his legacy, as he prepares for the expansion of Israel’s borders through the annexation of yet more Palestinian land.

Inspired by the common struggle that ties them with their African-American brethren, Palestinians are now left only with their cries for justice: Palestinian lives matter, hoping, for once, the world may hear and echo their screams and, perhaps, do something.

– Ramzy Baroud is a journalist and the Editor of The Palestine Chronicle. He is the author of five books. His latest is “These Chains Will Be Broken: Palestinian Stories of Struggle and Defiance in Israeli Prisons” (Clarity Press, Atlanta). Dr. Baroud is a Non-resident Senior Research Fellow at the Center for Islam and Global Affairs (CIGA), Istanbul Zaim University (IZU). His website is www.ramzybaroud.net

PCHR Welcomes the Response of the Prosecution of the International Criminal Court to the Observations of Amici Curiae, Legal Representatives of Victims, and States.

 Posted by PCHR

Ref:42/2020

On 30 April 2020, the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) submitted a 60-page document to the Pre-Trial Chamber I responding to the observations of amici curiae, legal representatives of victims, and States concerning the situation in the State of Palestine. The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) welcomes the Prosecutor’s re-affirmation of her position that there is a reasonable basis to initiate an investigation into the situation in Palestine and that the Court has territorial jurisdiction over the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and Gaza Strip. PCHR reiterates it support for the work of the Prosecutor as it moves towards opening an investigation, pending a ruling from the Pre-Trial Chamber I on the Court’s territorial jurisdiction, and contends that it is important that such steps are taken soon with the aim of realizing Court’s goal, which is bringing perpetrators of war crimes and crimes against humanity to justice.

PCHR along with other Palestinian human rights organizations have engaged extensively with the ICC, and in particular the Office of the Prosecutor, in bringing about an investigation.  To date the Palestinian organisations have submitted seven substantial communications along with thousands of files of photographic and other evidence recorded through Eyewitness. The latest was a review paper submitted on 29 April 2020 entitled” Response to Arguments Raised in Amici Curiae Submissions in the Situation in the State of Palestine Before the International Criminal Court” to provide additional guidance on the territorial jurisdiction of the Court and move the situation in Palestine towards a criminal investigations.

The recent worrying development indicate that the Court must move as quickly as possible to put an end for Israel’s lack of accountability. On 6 April 2020, Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, and Chairman of Kahol Lavan party, Benny Gantz, published a joint statement concerning the formation of an emergency coalition government, promising potential annexation of substantial parts of the West Bank, which Israel will use to facilitate the theft of Palestinian land. As the ICC constitutes the last hope for accountability for Palestinian victims, it is crucial that it takes steps to put an end to Israel’s impunity.

PCHR is well aware that the ICC Prosecutor is working under extreme pressure due to recent attacks and threats by the United States and Israel, and praises the Court for taking a position that reflects the view of Palestinian human rights organizations, and the victims they represent, despite the difficult circumstances they operate under. Therefore, PCHR calls on the international community, including the State Parties to the Rome Statute, to support the Prosecutor’s efforts in pursuing justice and accountability for Palestinian victims. In particular, PCHR calls upon states who presented amici curiae arguing against the Court’s territorial jurisdiction to adopt the arguments and analysis presented in the Prosecutor’s submission.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (23 – 29 April 2020)

Posted by PCHR

23 – 29 April 2020

  • IOF raids into oPt: a dangerous vulnerability in Palestinian preventive measures to combat the spread of coronavirus
  • 3 Palestinian civilians sustained wounds in IOF suppression of protests in Kufur Qaddoum in Qalqilya, West Bank
  • 12 shootings reported against agricultural lands and once at Palestinian fishing boats in eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 57 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem: 39 civilians arrested, including 5 children
  • Residential tent destroyed in Jericho, and 24 demolition and cease-construction notices distributed in Salfit and Bethlehem
  • Settlers attacks in the West Bank: trees cut in Nablus, lands razed in Salfit, and a settler-tent established in western Bethlehem;
  • IOF established 27 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank, roads closed and 2 civilians arrested at IOF checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to violate Palestinians’ human rights and commit crimes against civilians and their properties, conducting raids into Palestinian cities without regard to the state of emergency declared across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) since 06 March 2020, in the efforts put forward to combat the spread of coronavirus. IOF raids are conducted without proper attention to prevention and safety standards to mitigate the risk of transmitting coronavirus to Palestinian territory, as the virus is widespread throughout Israel. PCHR’s concerns over Israeli raids still stand, as those raids undermine preventive measures adopted by the government. Meanwhile, settlers backed up by IOF continued to seize more civilian property and attack civilians and their property. Furthermore, PCHR expresses its concern over the Israeli occupation’s policy of banning any preventive measures by the Palestinian Authority in occupied East Jerusalem, especially that Israel has adopted lenient measures in the city despite its responsibility for it under international law as an occupying power.

This week, PCHR documented 111 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.  The restrictions imposed under the state of emergency have hindered our fieldwork team’s ability to cover all incidents in the oPt and were forced to collect information via phone from trusted local sources. As such, this report is an incomprehensive record of Israeli violations of human rights against Palestinians in the oPt, as IOF continues its attacks against civilians despite the exceptional circumstances that have overcome the whole world in the face of a life-threatening viral pandemic.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 3 Palestinian civilians were shot and wounded in IOF suppression of a protest in Kufur Qaddoum, Qalqilya, West Bank. Dozens of civilians suffocated due to inhalation of tear gas fired by IOF during its raids into Palestinian cities. IOF opened fire 9 times during raids into the West Bank; 12 shootings against the agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip that resulted in killing a number of sheep in Deir al-Balah, and one shooting was reported against Palestinian fishing boats off the northern Gaza Strip shore.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 57 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 39 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 3 violations, including: dismantling and confiscation of a livestock barracks, demolition of a residential tent in Jericho, and 22 notices to cease construction were distributed at houses and facilities in Salfit, and 2-barracks in Bethlehem received a demolition notice. PCHR also documented 3 settler attacks: 33 olive trees sabotaged in Nablus, lands razed in Iskaka village, eastern Salfit, and a settler tent established in western Bethlehem.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

Israeli authorities declared that Commercial crossings in the West Bank will operate on Tuesday, 28 April 2020 until 13:00, and will resume its work as usual starting on Thursday, 30 April 2020. Israeli authorities declared the closure of Karem Abu Salem Crossing on Tuesday and Wednesday, 28-29 April 2020, and it will re-open on Thursday.

This comes in a time when the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 00:40 on Thursday, 23 April 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:00 on the same Thursday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 19:30 on the same Thursday, IOF moved into al-Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Obeid neighborhood, west of the village when the residents were eating at iftar time. Israeli soldiers indiscriminately fired tear gas canisters at houses though no clashes occurred in the area and streets were fully empty of people. As a result, dozens of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 21:00 on the same Thursday, IOF moved into Abu Tayeh neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a number of commercial shops and wrote fines to their owners, claiming that they violated the orders issued by the Israeli government in light of combating the spread of coronavirus. When Israeli soldiers confiscated the goods of a roving street vendor, a verbal altercation occurred between them and the vendor, in which the soldiers heavily fired tear gas canisters in the air. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Friday, 24 April 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah, sporadically opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at agricultural lands for 15 minutes. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on the same Friday, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafer Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area when clashes erupted, during which, IOF fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the young men. As a result, a 21-year-old young man was shot with a rubber bullet in his abdomen.
  • At approximately 16:30 on the same Friday, 24 April 2020, IOF searched al-Mahajer area in Azoun village, east of Qalqilya, and indiscriminately opened fire at the abovementioned area. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:40 on Saturday, 25 April 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kuffor Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased young men, who were in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 40-year-old man was shot with a rubber bullet in his neck and a 30-year-old man was shot with a rubber bullet in his face. IOF also fired live bullets at water tanks that were at houses roofs. As a result, 5 water tanks belonging to: Morad Mahmoud Eshtaiwi, Jihad Mahmoud Eshtaiwi,Mazen Basim Eshtaiwi, Abdullah Mousa Ali, and Riyad Mohammed Eshtaiwi.
  • At approximately 18:00 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, northeast of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire and fires tear gas canisters at agricultural lands for 15 minutes. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 18:40, IOF stationed adjacent to the border fence in Zeta village, north of Tulkarm, fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians, claiming they were stoned. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 22:30, IOF moved into Azzoun village, east of Qalqiliyah, fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians, claiming they were stoned when they patrolled the area. As a result, several civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 13:50 on Sunday, 26 April 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canister at agricultural lands. The shooting continued sporadically until 17:00 on the same day. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:40 on Monday, 27 April 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at Palestinian shepherds. The shooting continued sporadically in the area for 3 hours. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:00 on the same Monday, Israeli soldiers stationed along hr border fence, northeast of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at agricultural lands. The shooting continued sporadically until 16:40 on the same day. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 20:00 on the same Monday, IOF moved into Obeid neighborhood in al-Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They surrounded a stadium that exists in the neighborhoods to prevent the people from performing prayers in it on alleged violation of orders issued by the Israeli governments. When the worshippers gathered in front of the stadium, IOF only allowed 20 of them to enter the stadium and banned the rest of the worshipers. In the meantime, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones, fireworks, and Molotov at Israeli soldiers and the latter responded with rubber bullets and sound bombs. As a result, dozens of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into al-Rihiyah village, south of Hebron, and patrolled the village streets. A number of Palestinian  young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers. The soldiers chased the young men and indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. IOF withdrew later from the village; no raids were reported.
  • At approximately 07:40 on Tuesday, April 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, northeast of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at agricultural lands. The shooting sporadically continued for 15 minutes; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:50 on the same Tuesday, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen were panicked and sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:45 on the same Tuesday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, northeast of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. The shooting sporadically continued  for 30 minutes; neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 09:30 on the same Tuesday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at Palestinian shepherds. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 12:30 on the same Tuesday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canister at Palestinian shepherds. The shooting continued for 30 minutes. As a result, a number of sheep and a donkey, owned by Ali Fraih Abu al-‘Ajin (25), Khalil Suleiman al-Tarabin (30), and Fares Hamed Abu Nasser (25) died. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on Wednesday, 22 April 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at agricultural lands. The shooting continued sporadically until 16:30 on the same day. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  1. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 23 April 2020:

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF infantry unit moved into several neighborhoods in Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Hamza Raja Ghaith (18), and Rajab Raji Ghaith (19).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Taqoua’, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Anan Mousa al-Badan (21), and Hamza Ameen Sabbah (28). IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Azoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Abdulah Mostafa Ridwan (25), and Sa’eed Farouk Abu Haneya (26), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Wadi Ma’ali, in the Central Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ibrahim Atta al-Heremi’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Saf Street, in the Central Bethlehem. They raided and searched Murad Abdullah Abu ‘Ahour’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Kafr Ne’ma village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Ali Mahmoud Khwaira (30), Samer Abdul Jaber Eshtayyeh (24), and Isma’el Salah al-Deek.
  • At approximately 04:50, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. They raided and searched Amro Shami al-Shami’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:55, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into ‘Arraba, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched Wissam Khaled Abu Salah’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into al-Thawri neighborhood, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Essam Sidr’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 09:30, IOF moved into Shwaika suburb in Tulkarm. They raided and searched Mohammed Ahmed Abdul Kareem al-Najjar’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF arrested Jihad Ahmed Na’alwa (35), from al-Shwaika suburb, north of Tulkarm, while the Israeli Security Services were investigating with him in the Israeli military liaison office. IOF took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that Jihad is a former prisoner in the Israeli prison.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF, stationed near Ofer detention in Betounya, west of Ramallah, arrested Ahmed Nour Nakhla, Mohammed Salha, and Ateya Dwaik. Three hours later, they were released.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Silat al-Thahr, south of Jenin; Deir Sharaf and Tal villages in Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 24 April 2020:

  • At approximately 03:20, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Jenin. They raided and searched Omar Hatem As’ad’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Adam Yousef Rwaidi (11), while present in front of his house in Ein al-Lawza neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF claimed that Adam threw stones at them and he was taken to one of the investigation centers in the village.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Ma’dama village. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 25 April 2020:

  • IOF carried out (8) incursions in Beta, Aqraba, al-Saweya, Majdal Bani Fadel, Duma, Odla, and Ousrien villages in Nablus Governorate; and Betounya, west of Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 26 April 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Towr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Omar Mohammed Abu Ghannam’s (23) house and arrested them. It should be noted that Omar is Ali Abu Ghannam’s (16) brother who was killed by Israeli Border Police as they alleged the late child attempted to stab an Israeli soldier in April 2015, at al-Za’eem checkpoint, east of Jerusalem.
  • Around the same time, IOF infantry units moved into Tarqoumeya, northwest of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Tareq Ali Fatafta (38) and Kayed Mohammed Fatafta (35).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Ahmed Kayed Mahmoud (26), Mohammed Esmat Obaid (19), and Mohammed Awad al-Bitouni (24).
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mohammed al-Shalabi’s (45) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Ma’dama village, southeast of Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 27 April 2020:

  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed at Beit Eil temporary military checkpoint in the western entry to Ramallah, arrested the lawyer Amro Zeyad al-Sal’ousn (36), from Nablus, and took him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Sawana neighborhood, east of the occupied Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched ‘Akrama Sa’eed Sabri’s (81) house, and threatened him with arrest for his latest statements about al-Aqsa Mosque. It should be noted that ‘Akrama is the Head of the High Islamic Supreme Council and preacher of al-Aqsa Mosque.Sabri’s family said that an IOF force with more than 10 intelligence officers and 50 police officers surrounded their house before storming it. They threatened Shaikh Akrama with arrest and told him he would be held responsible if prayers are held at al-Aqsa mosque in the current period, inferring that he would be banned for life from access to al-Aqsa Mosque. They added that IOF took photos from the inside and outside of their house. Shaikh Sabri had previously stated that he would call for reopening al-Aqsa Mosque if the holy site were to be opened by Israeli police for settlers, as the Temple groups have been mobilizing thousands of its supporters to raid the al-Aqsa Mosque in thousands on the first day the holy site is opened.

It should be noted that Shaikh Sabri is under a 4-month ban from entering al-Aqsa Mosque for earlier statements and calls for Muslims to perform prayers at al-Aqsa Mosque.

  • At approximately 16:30, IOF moved into Wadi al-Jouz neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Hanadi Mohammed al-Halawani’s (41) house and warned her against publishing any material calling for the opening of the al-Aqsa Mosque on Facebook.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood in al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hussain Shadi Obaid’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Azmout, northwest of Nablus, and Azoun, east of Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 28 April 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians including two children: Mahmoud Abd Dawoud Mahmoud (24), Majd Mahmoud Mahmoud (15), Adel Naser Mahmoud, Mohamed al-Tutanji, and Mousa Haitham Mustafa (14).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Qarawat Bani Hassan, west of Salfit. They raided two houses belonging to Mostafa Maher Assi (25) and Taqi Munir Rayyan (26), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF infantry units moved into Ethna, west of Hebron. They deployed between the houses and stormed Mohamed Omar Sulaimeya’s (20) house and arrested him. An explosive device was detonated in the house before the storming which caused the injury of his father, Omar Issa Sulaimeya (42).
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Deir al-Hatab and Azoun in Qalqilya Governorate; Beit Lid, Baqa al-Sharqeya and al-Nazla al-Sharqeya villages in Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 29 April 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Sour Baher village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Ahmed Atoun’s (26) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Mohammed’s father is Ahmed Mohammed Atoun, member of the dissolved Legislative Council, who was banned from entering Jerusalem many years ago by a decision from the Israeli Interior Minister.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Abdul Rahman Marwan al-Hashlamoun’s (17) house and arrested him.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities
  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 23 April 2020, IOF accompanied with a mounted-crane truck and a vehicle carrying workers from private companies moved into Satieh area in ‘Ain al-Dayouk village, northwest of Jericho. The workers dismantled a 50-square-meter caravan used for breeding livestock and put it the mounted-crane truck for confiscation. IOF also removed Yousef ‘Eliyn Mohamed Ka’abnah’s residential tent sheltering 8 persons, including 5 children, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C.
  • At approximately 11:30 on Sunday, 26 April 2020, IOF moved into Qarawet Bani Hassan village, west of Salfit, and distributed notices to stop working in 22 houses and facilities, under the pretext of non-licensing and being in Area C. The notices included 12 under-construction houses, 3 inhabited houses, 3 agricultural rooms, 3 sheds, 3 water wells, and a wall surrounding a house in al-Ras, Qattan al-Taweel, Khelet al-Qaren and al-Habaier areas. PCHR keeps the names of the notified facilities and houses’ owners.
  • On Tuesday, 28 April 2020, Israeli authorities notified to demolish 2 barracks in Bethlehem and gave their owners 96 hours to challenge. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that IOF notified to demolish 2 barracks; the first one belongs to Moha,ed Mousa Zarinah in Bir ‘Ona area and the second belongs to ‘Aref Hussain ‘Eid in Jouret al-Sham’ah, under the pretext of non-licensing. It should be noted that IOF demolished 2 houses and 3 barracks belonging to Zarinah during the past 5 years in the same area to deport him from his land and seize it for settlement purposes.
  • Israeli Settler Violence
  • On Friday, 24 April 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Rahaleem” settlement, which is established on al-Sawiyia village lands, southeast of Nablus, cut Hamad Saleh Jazy’s 33 olive trees planted 30-40 years ago with saw and broke their twigs.
  • At approximately 19:00, Israeli settlers, from “Neve Nehemiah” settlement outpost, leveled Askaka village’s lands, east of Salfit. These lands belong to the heirs of Harb Daher Lami, Mohamed ‘Abed al-Qader Harb and ‘Abed al-Raheem Harb; and to Nazmi Hamed Harb, Mohsen ‘Abed al-Qader Abi Daher and Sameer Harees Lami.
  • On Saturday, 25 April 2020, Israeli settlers set up a tent in Palestinians’ lands in al-Jab’a village, southwest of Bethlehem. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that Israeli settlers set up a tent in Wadi al-Khanzeer area and escalated their attacks during Coronavirus crisis. The latest of these attacks was establishing a mobile house in Khelet Nahla area, south of Bethlehem and planting hundreds of seedlings in Zainab Abu Isninah’s lands in Khelet al-Qutton area, south of Beth It should be noted that IOF seized the lands of Khelet al-Qutton village in 2004, under the pretext of being State-owned lands.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

Israeli authorities declared that Commercial crossings in the West Bank will operate on Tuesday, 28 April 2020 until 13:00, and they will return to function as usual on Thursday, 30 April 2020 as usual.

Israeli authorities declared the closure of Karem Abu Salem Crossing on Tuesday and Wednesday, 28-29 April 2020, and it will re-open on Thursday.

West Bank:

  • In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the movement of goods and individuals between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 27 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 4 of them.

Jerusalem:

  • On Sunday, 26 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Qalandia and Baldou villages.
  • At approximately 17:00 on Tuesday, 28 April 2020, IOF closed Qalandia and Sho’fat military checkpoints and obstructed vehicles’ movement under the pretext of “Israel Independence Day 72”.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 23 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint in ‘Aqbet Hasna area, on the main road leading to Bethlehem’s western villages.
  • On Friday, 24 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint under al-Shawawrah village’s bridge, east of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 26 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Jala and Taqou’a villages.
  • On Monday, 27 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Biet Jala city and Hasna area.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 23 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Ethna village and at the western entrance to Hebron.
  • On Friday, 24 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kharsa village, south of Dura, southwest of Hebron.
  • On Saturday, 25 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to al-Zaytoun suburb, south of Hebron.
  • On Sunday, 26 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpints at the entrance to Bani Na’iem village and at the southern entrance to Hebron (al-Fahs).
  • On Monday, 27 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit ‘Awaa and Kharsa villages.
  • On Tuesday, 28 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Yatta (Zaif), south of Hebron.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 23 April 2020, IOF closed ‘Ortah and Hawarah checkpoints at the south-eastern entrance to Nablus, so the only outlet for Nablus southern villages became Yatizhar bypass road and the only entrance to the village became through Dir Sharaf village, the western entrance to Nablus.
  • On Friday, 24 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at Yatizhar intersection, which connects between Hawarah and Yatizhar St.), southeast of Nablus.

:

Salfit:

  • At approximately 10:20 on Thursday, 24 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Salit and removed it later.
  • At approximately 14:35 on Thursday, 24 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Dir Balout village, north of Slafit, and re-established it after 24 hours.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Thursday, 24 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the western entrance to Hares village, north of Salfit, and removed it later.
  • At approximately 21:00 on Saturday, 26 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Dir Balout village, west of Salfit, and removed it later.
  • On Tuesday, 28 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Salfit and at the western entrance to Hares village.

Qalqiliyia:

  • At approximately 22:30 on Saturday, 26 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village, east of Qalqiliyia.
  • On Wednesday, 29 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village and at the southern entrance to Kafur Laqef village.

Tulkarm:

  • At approximately 19:00 on Thursday, 24 April 2020, IOF closed with a metal-detector gate the entrance to Safareen village, southeast of Tulkarm, and re-opened it later.

Ramallah:

  • On Saturday, 25 April 2020, IOF closed with a metal-detector gate the main entrance to Dir Abu Mish’al village, northwest of Ramallah.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine 26 March – 1 April 2020

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Israeli violations of human rights in the occupied Palestine

26 March – 1 April 2020

  • IOF raids into oPt continue in stark disregard for cautionary measures to combat Coronavirus, which has spread in Israel
  • Palestinian civilian succumbs to wounds sustained in IOF shooting in Nablus
  • 4 Palestinian civilians sustained wounds, including 3 in the West Bank and 1 fisherman in Gaza
  • shootings reported against agricultural lands and 4 at Palestinian fishing boats in eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • During 60 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem: 32 civilians arrested, including 7 children.
  • Limited incursion into northern Gaza Strip
  • 3 under-construction houses bulldozed in Jenin, property confiscated including 8 tents, 4 which used as a clinic and a mosque in the Northern Valley
  • 2 Palestinians wounded and shepherds assaults by settlers in Hebron
  • IOF established 11 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank, and roads blocked with sand berms

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to violate Palestinians’ human rights and commit crimes against civilians and their properties, conducting raids into Palestinian cities without regard to the state of emergency declared across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) in the efforts put forward to combat the spread of Coronavirus. PCHR is concerned that Israeli raids undermine preventive measures adopted by the government. Meanwhile, settlers backed up by IOF continued to seize more civilian property and attack civilians and their property. 

This week, PCHR documented 98 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.  As the state of emergency enters its 4th week, as well as the extreme Israeli restrictions on movement of individuals, have hindered our fieldwork team’s ability to cover all incidents in the oPt and were forced to collect information via phone from trusted local sources. As such, this report is an incomprehensive record of Israeli violations of human rights against Palestinians in the oPt, as IOF continues its attacks against civilians despite the exceptional circumstances that have overcome the whole world in the face of a life-threatening viral pandemic. 

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: on 01 April 2020, Islam Abdulghani Dwaikat (21) succumbed to wounds he sustained in IOF shooting against civilians protesting at al-‘Arma Mountain in Nablus on 11 March 2020. Also, this week 4 Palestinian civilians were shot and wounded by IOF, 3 in the West Bank and a fisherman in Gaza. 

In the Gaza Strip, 8 shootings by IOF were reported against the agricultural lands in the southern and central Gaza Strip while 4 shootings were reported against Palestinian fishing boats off the northern Gaza Strip shore. No injuries were reported. 

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 50 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 32 Palestinians were arrested, including 7 children.  Meanwhile, in the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted a limited incursion into northern Gaza Strip. 

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: PCHR documented 11 IOF operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: bulldozing and burying a water well in Tubas, demolition of a water well and 2 agricultural rooms in Salfit; evacuation notice for Um Al-Khair pasture reservoir, eastern Yatta, southern Hebron; a barracks demolished, confiscation of property and 8 tents, some used as clinics and a mosque in the Northern Valley; uprooting and confiscation of 300 olive seedlings; notice to halt work at a barracks; evacuation of a land and removal of a tent, and notice to halt construction at a house in Hebron; a notice to halt construction at an agricultural room and a cement wall in Tulkarm; and 3 under-construction houses demolished in Jenin under the pretext of unlicensed construction in Area (C). 

PCHR also documented 3 settler attacks: assaulting civilians and shepherds in Hebron. 

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: Israeli authorities continued to impose restrictions on Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing and West Bank Crossings under the pretext of confronting the fast-spreading Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. These restrictions were declared on Wednesday, 11 March 2020, and still continued, except humanitarian cases that would be allowed to pass through the crossing. This comes in a time when the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel. 

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity 
  • At approximately 06:30 on Thursday, 26 March 2020, IOF gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the limited fishing area ( 2 – 3 nautical miles). The shooting recurred from time to time until 09:00 on the same As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 07:45 on the same Thursday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis opened fire at agricultural lands, in eastern Abasan village, east of Khan Younis, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 27 March 2020, IOF stationed at the entrance to Kafer Qaddoum village, east of Qalqiliyah, fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at a group of Palestinian civilians, who gathered in the area. As a result, a 50-year-old civilian was shot and injured with a rubber bullet in his right leg. 
  • At approximately 14:00 on the same Friday, IOF soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, west of the border fence; no casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 14:40 on the same Friday, IOF stationed at “Eyal” Checkpoint, north of Qalqiliyah, fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians, claiming that they were stoned; no casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the limited fishing area (2 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; no casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 17:20, IOF stationed at the annexation wall gate, adjacent to Qifin village, north of Tulkarm, fired rubber  bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians who were in the area, claiming they were stoned. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 12:00 on Saturday, 08 March 2020, IOF gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the limited fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 18:00 on the same Saturday, IOF moved into Kafer Qadoum village, east of Qalqiliyah. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian children gathered and threw stones at IOF vehicles and the latter responded with live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, an 18-year-old civilian was hit with a live bullet shrapnel in the right hand and a 20-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in the left hand. IOF also arrested 2 brothers namely: Islam (14) and Laith Abdul Rahman Ali (17). 
  • At approximately 23:00 on the same Saturday, IOF moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, and stationed in Dari neighborhood in the center of the village. A number of Palestinian young men and youngsters gathered and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov Cocktails at IOF soldiers. As a result, 2 Israeli military vehicles caught fire. An Israeli force immediately moved into the neighborhood, fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters and clashed with civilians. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. IOF arrested Aiham Basem Dari (32) before they withdrew from e the village. 
  • At approximately 06:00 on Sunday, 29 March 2020, IOF gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the limited fishing area ( 3 nautical miles). As a result, fisherman Khalil Mohsen Khalil Abu Ryalah (25), from al-Shati refugee camp, west of Gaza City, was shot with a rubber bullet in his face. IOF also confiscated fishing nets (15 piece) of fisherman Mahmoud Khalil Abu Ryala’s (33) boat. The shooting made fishermen fear, so they sailed back to the shore. No  casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 17:00 on the same Sunday, IOF moved into Obeid neighborhood, west of al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a number of houses. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF soldiers. Israeli soldiers indiscriminately fired tear gas canisters in the area. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and they received medical treatment on the field. IOF also arrested Yazan Omran Obeid (23) and Taha Ayesh Obeid (21). 
  • At approximately 17:50 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the annexation wall, adjacent to Shuweikah village, east of Tulkarm, fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at a group of Palestinian civilians who were in the area, claiming they were stoned. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 22:00 on the same Sunday, IOF moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, and stationed at the western entrance to the village. They established a temporary checkpoint in and searched civilians’ vehicles before allowing them to enter the village. A number of Palestinian young men and children gathered at the entrance to Obeid neighborhood, west of the village, and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov Cocktails at IOF soldiers. As a result, 2 Israeli military vehicles caught fire. Suddenly, large Israeli forces moved into the neighborhood and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the civilians and clashed with them. IOF also arrested: Mohammed Hamzah Obeid (16), Yazan Bassam Obeid (20), and Ahmed Mohammed Mahmoud (21) before they withdrew from the village. 
  • At approximately 08:30 on Monday, 30 March 2020, IOF gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the limited fishing area ( 3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and fled away fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 13:15 on the same Monday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of al-Qarman street, east of Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at the border area adjacent to the border fence. As a result, Palestinian shepherds and farmers, whose agricultural lands are nearby, panicked. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported. 
  • At approximately 13:30 on Monday, 30 March 2020, about 30 Palestinian civilian took part adjacent to the Great March of Return (GMR) camp, in Khuza’a village, east of Khan Younis, without any official calls for protests in the second anniversary of launching the GMR protests and the 44th anniversary of Land Day. The protestors threw stones at IOF stationed along the border fence and the latter responded with live bullets and tear gas canisters. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 17:20 on the same Monday, 30 March 2020, IOF soldiers stationed along the border fence, southeast of al-Buraij refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties. 
  • At approximately 09:45 on Tuesday, 31 March 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at the border area. As a result, Palestinian shepherds and a number of farmers, whose lands are near the border fence, panicked; no casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 18:00 on the same Tuesday, IOF moved into Sour Baher village, south of occupied East They surrounded a van carrying dozens of Food parcels to be distributed on 200 poor families in the village. This was in light of the crisis facing the villages residents for 2 weeks due to the imposed restrictions on movement in addition to the residents’ temporary unemployment within the preventive measures to limit the spread of  Coronavirus. Eyewitnesses said that IOF stopped the van and checked the driver’s ID card, questioned him about the Food parcels and demanded him of the receipt. IOF also surrounded the food store, attacked the residents who were in the area, fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters to disperse them, confiscated all the food parcels, and arrested 4 civilians; two of them were identified: Mohammed Atoun and Mahdi Atoun. 
  • Simultaneously, IOF soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire agricultural lands, west of the border fence. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 09:10 on Wednesday, 01 April 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 16:50, Palestinian medical sources at the Istishari Arab Hospital in al-Raihan neighborhood, southwest of Ramallah, declared the death of Islam Abdul Ghani Duweikat (21), succumbing to wounds he sustained on 11 March 2020. According to PCHR’s investigations, Duweikat was shot with a rubber bullet in the head and he deemed in critical condition. Duweikat was injured when IOF suppressed dozens of civilians who gathered in al-‘Armah Mountian, southeast of Beta village, southeast of Nablus, upon calls  launched by Israeli settlers on their websites to raid the mountain. On that day morning, IOF reinforced with about 40 military SUVs and 2 bulldozers moved into the abovementioned mount from 6 directions and suppressed residents, who spent their night in the area, by firing live and rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at them. As a result of clashes that erupted in the area, Mohammed Abdul Karim Hamayel (15) was killed and 14 civilians were injured, including Duweikat, whose injury was very serious. Duweikat was receiving treatment until his death was announced on the same day evening.
  1. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 26 March 2020:

  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Halhoul and Tarqoumya vilages in Hebron, Shwaika neighborhood in Tulkarm, and ‘Arraba, southwest of Jenin. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 27 March 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Kharsa village, south of Hebron. They patrolled in the streets without wearing protective clothing in light of the Coronavirus “Covid-19” outbreak in Israel.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hebron, and stationed in Khallat Hadour and Eissa neighborhoods. IOF patrolled in the main streets without wearing protective clothing in light of the Coronavirus “Covid-19” outbreak in Israel. IOF withdrew and no arrests were reported. 
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into several neighborhoods in Israeli-occupied section of Hebron’s Old City known as “H2”. No arrests were reported. 
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Kafl Hares in Salfit, Asala and Izbet al-Tabib villages in Qalqilya. No arrests were reporting. 

Saturday, 28 March 2020:

  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, southeast of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Naser Darweesh’s (16) house and arrested him.

Sunday, 29 March 2020:

  • IOF carried out an incursion in Khrbet Jabara, southeast of Tulkarm. No arrests were reporting.

Monday, 30 March 2020:

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, southeast of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ahmed Fayez Mahmoud’s (29) house and arrested him. 
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Solwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Omar Basem al-Zughaiar’s (26) house and arrested him. 
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested Tamer Khalaf (34) while present in Bab al-Sahera, in the Central East Jerusalem. Tamer was taken to al-Bareed Police Station in Salah al-Deen Street. 
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Sa’eer and Ethna in Hebron. No arrests were reporting.

Tuesday, 31 March 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00 IOF stormed al-Arba’een Mosque, in the central al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF attacked and severely beaten dozens of young men while praying in the Mosque’s yard, and arrested Mer’ai Derbas (46) and took him to one of the investigation centers in the city.

The follow-up committee in the village said that IOF forced dozens of young men to pay fine of (250 NIS) while heading to buy some necessities from the grocery. Furthermore, IOF forced two families to pay fines while waiting for a released prisoner in front of Salah al-Deen investigation center in the city. IOF also forced 5 young men to pay fines claiming that they were not committed to the prevention measures of the Corona virus. The committee said that, “IOF claimed that the people of al-Issaweya are not committed to the prevention measures of the Coronavirus while they storm and move into the village several times a day without wearing protective clothing, disposable masks and gloves or keeping the personal space between each other, or any other prevention measures”. 

  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood, west of al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They arrested (3) civilians while present around their houses, the arrestees are: Hussam Sameeh Alian (19), Mohammed Mousa Mostafa (18), and Nour al-Deen Maher Muhaisen (19). 
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested (3) civilians while present near the western entrance of al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. The arrestees are: Fadi Abu al-Hams, Dawoud Derbas, and Majd Derbas. 
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF moved into al-Karantina area, in southern Hebron. They arrested (3) children after checking their ID Cards, and took them to al-Hisba Old Market then to Keryat Arba’ Settlement Police Station, east of Hebron. The arrestees are: Mohammed Haron al-Tawil (14), Wael Anwar al-Taweel (17), and Emad Bassam al-Taweel (17).

Wednesday, 01 April 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Adham Naser Sebta (20) and Mohammed Mousa Mostafa (18) and arrested them. It should be noted that IOF arrested Mostafa in the previous day and released him in the evening hours and rearrested him after hours. 
  • Around the same time, IOF severely beaten and arrested (3) civilians from Solwan village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees are: Yazan Syam (25), Mohammed Sa’eed Awwad (34), and Nour Asfour. 
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Izareya village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hasan Ashraf Abu al-Reesh’s (20) house and arrested him. 
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved from Military station No.16, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, 50-meters west of the border fence. They leveled and combed lands that were previously leveled amidst Israeli sporadic shooting. However, no casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Ein al-Lawza neighborhood in Solwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Jameel al-A’war (42) and Sobhi Zalloum (54), and handed them summonses to refer to al-Qishla Police Station. 
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Darweesh Issa (18), while present around al-Arba’een Mosque, in the Central al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. Mohammed was taken to an unknown destination. 
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF arrested Sa’ed Yousef Obaid (21) while present near the eastern entrance of Obaid neighborhood, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. Sa’ed was taken to an unknown destination. 
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Nablus, Beit Kahl, and Shoyoukh al-Aroub villages in Hebron Governorate. No arrests were reporting.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  1. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities
  • At approximately 05:45 on Thursday, 26 March 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Tayaseer village in eastern Tubas. The military construction vehicles demolished Mohamed Yousef Suliman Dabak’s water well, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. 
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Wadi Srida area in western Salfit. The military construction vehicles demolished ‘Aziz Yousef ‘Abdullah’s water well and agricultural room, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. 
  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 26 March 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Um al-Khair nature reserve in eastern Yatta, south of Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers hanged a seven-day eviction notice on the nature reserve under the pretext of being a training military site. The Israeli authorities ordered the residents of Um al-Khiar village to evacuate the nature reserve and return it to  normal or the Israeli authorities will do so and force the residents to pay all costs. 

It should be noted that on Wednesday, 03 July 2019, Israeli authorities  accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers destroyed a pastoral reserve in Um al-Khair village in eastern Yatta. They uprooted at least 500 trees planted 15 years ago. Additionally, on 24 August 2019, Israeli authorities demolished 4 water wells in Um al-Khair village.

The pastoral reserve  was established in 2003 on al-Hathaleen family lands (750 dunums) in cooperation with the Union of Agricultural Work Committees. 

  • At approximately 11:00 on Thursday, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Dir Buziq village in northern Jordan Valley, southeast of Tubas. The military construction vehicles demolished the village council’s 70-sqaure-meter barrack with its contents estimated at NIS 2,500. IOF also confiscated a generator, a water pump, sheds, 8 tents, a solar cell, a concrete mixer,  bricks, iron, and other equipment, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. The confiscated items are estimated at NIS 6,500. 
  • Israeli authorities uprooted Sameer ‘Ayid al-Shalaldah’s 300 olive seedlings planted in 20 dunums in Wadi Sa’ir area , north of Hebron. Al-Shalaldah found a 24-hour eviction notice issued on 08 March 2020, was hanged on his plot of land. The Israeli authorities exploited the state of emergency declared on 06 March 2020 by the PA to combat Coronavirus (Covid 19) and carried out more attacks against Palestinians. 
  • At approximately 06:00 on Friday, 28 March 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Khelet Irmilah area in al-Zawiyia village, west of They demolished Salah ‘Abed al-Latif Raddad’s agricultural room, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. Head of al-Zawiyia village, Mahmoud ‘Abdullah Moqidy, said that at approximately 06:00 on Friday, 28 March 2020, 2 Palestinian men phoned and informed me that IOF demolished an agricultural room belonging to Salah Raddad. I arrived at the area at 07:00 and found that IOF bulldozed the room and withdrew later. 
  • At approximately 07:00 on Tuesday, 31 March 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Kherbit Jebara, south of Tulkarm. IOF demolished Khaled Rasheed Hussain ‘Abed al-Rahman’s agricultural room and cement wall (280 m), under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. 
  • At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 31 March 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet al-Tabban in southern Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers handed ‘Issa Mohamed Hamamda (50) a notice to stop working in a 110-square-meter barrack built of tin plates and used for breeding livestock. 
  • Around the same time, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Khebet al-Mofaqara in southern Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers handed Ahmed Mesleh Hamamda a notice to evacuate his 50 dunums and remove a tent, where he and his family live after demolishing their house, under the pretext of non-licensing. 
  • At approximately 08:00 on Wednesday, 01 April 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into al-Wa’irah area in western Jenin. IOF demolished 3 under-construction houses under the pretext of being near the annexation wall and non-licensing in area C. The demolished houses belong to:
  1. Tareq ‘Abed al-Razeq ‘Abed al-Rahman Abu Hammad: a 110-square-meter under-construction house.
  2. Rabei’ ‘Abed al-Razeq ‘Abed al-Rahman Abu Hammad: a 140-square-meter under-construction house.
  3. Mostafs Tayseer ‘Abed al-Rahman Abu Hammad: a 110-square-meter under-construction house.

It should be noted that IOF notified the houses’ owners on 26 January 2020, as a prelude to demolish them.

 At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet al-Taiba, east of Tarqumiyia village, northwest of Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers handed Yunis Mohamed Ghareeb (44) a notice to stop construction works in his 100-sqaure-meter house, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. It should be noted that Israeli authorities attempt to seize al-Taiba’s lands in favor of settlement expansion in ” Adwara” settlement. 

  1. Israeli Settler Violence
  • At approximately 08:00 on Friday, 27 March 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Hafat Ma’oun” settlement, which is established on Palestinians’ lands in eastern Yatta, south of  Hebron, attacked  Palestinian shepherds  in al-Hamra area, east of al-Tawana village. The settlers forced the shepherds at gunpoint to leave . Meanwhile, the village residents gathered and photographed what happened. One of the settlers unleashed his at Hussain Saber al-Hereni (32), who photographed them. As a result, al-Hereni sustained wounds in his left hand and taken to Abu al-Hasan al-Qasem Hospital by a PRCS ambulance. 
  • At approximately 11:00 on Saturday, 28 March 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Hafat Ma’oun” settlement, which is established on Palestinians’ lands in eastern Yatta, south of Hebron, attacked  Palestinian shepherds  in al-Hamra area, east of al-Tawana village and forced them to leave . As a result, Adeeb Ghanem al-Hereni sustained fractures in his right hand fingers. The village residents gathered and IOF arrived at the area. They fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the residents, who suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. 
  • At approximately 11:00 on Tuesday, 31 March 2020, from ” Ma’oun” settlement, which is established on Palestinians’ lands in eastern Yatta, south of Hebron, attacked  Palestinian shepherds  in al-Tawana village  and indiscriminately opened fire around them. As a result, the shepherds were forced to leave. IOF arrived at the area and denied Palestinians’ access to their lands. 
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

For the fourth consecutive week, Israeli authorities continued to impose restrictions on Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing and West Bank Crossings under the pretext of confronting the fast-spreading coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. These restrictions were declared on Wednesday ,11 March 2020, and still continued, except humanitarian cases would be allowed to pass through the crossing.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individual movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 11 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles and checked their IDs.

The military checkpoint were as follows:

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 26 March 2020, IOF closed with metal-detector gate the main entrance to Bani Na’iem village, east of Hebron, denying Palestinians’ access to Bypass road (60).
  • On Friday, 27 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Beit ‘Awaa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron.
  • On Saturday, 28 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kharsa village, south of Dura, southwest of Hebron.
  • On Monday, 30 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ethna village, west of Hebron.
  • On Tuesday, 31 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Yatta and Tarama villages.

Jenin:

 On Thursday, 26 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of ‘Araba village, southwest of Jenin.

Salfit:

 On Friday, 28 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Burqeen and Dirsitiyia villages.

 On Saturday, 29 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Hares and Kaful Hares villages.

 On Sunday, 29 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Dir Balout village.

 Tulkarm:

 On Saturday, 29 March 2020, IOF tightened their arbitrary measures at ‘Inab military checkpoint.

 At approximately 08:00 on Tuesday, 31 March 2020, IOF closed with sand berms agricultural roads connecting between Kafa and Shofa villages. IOF raided greenhouses while Palestinian farmers were working inside them and forced them to leave at gunpoint. Also, IOF closed all nearby entrances.

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (05 – 11 March 2020)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (05 – 11 March 2020)

Israeli violations of human rights in the occupied Palestinian territory

05 – 11 March 2020

  • Palestinian child killed and 14 civilians injured, including a journalist in excessive use of force by Israeli occupation forces against Palestinians at al-‘Arma Mountain in Nablus
  • 6 Palestinians wounded by IOF in Qalqilyah, occupied East Jerusalem and Ramallah
  • 9 shootings reported against agricultural lands and three at Palestinian fishing boats in eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • During 80 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem: 91 civilians arrested, including 4 children.
  • 400 olive tree seedlings and a residential tent uprooted in Bethlehem and Ramallah, and two construction vehicles confiscated in Hebron
  • “Sovereignty Road” project ratified in eastern occupied Jerusalem, intended to isolate Palestinian neighbourhoods from Jerusalem.
  • Collective punishment policy: IOF demolishes two houses of prisoners’ families
  • Settlers attacked Palestinian civilians, civilian houses and vehicles and cut trees in the West Bank
  • IOF established 36 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank, where a Palestinian civilian was arrested

Summary

This week, PCHR documented 159 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli occupation forces (IOF) and settlers in the occupied Palestinian territory.  As part of its excessive use of lethal force, IOF killed a Palestinian child in Nablus and wounded others. Moreover, IOF continued to use excessive force against the peaceful protests organized against Trump’s Peace Plan for the Middle East known as the “Deal of Century” that violates the rights of the Palestinian people and is in conflict with the United Nation (UN) resolutions and international law.  Meanwhile, settlers backed up by IOF continued to seize more civilian property and attack civilians and their property. It should be mentioned that the state of emergency declared by the Palestinian National Authority in face of the spread of Coronavirus in Bethlehem, and declaring the latter a closed area, had its implications on PCHR’s efforts to document human rights violations in the oPt.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: in excessive use of force against protests in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, IOF killed a Palestinian child and wounded 20 civilians, including a journalist, the child was killed and 14 were wounded during IOF’s suppression of protesters on al-‘Urmah Mountain in Nablus, including 2 deemed in critical condition. The rest of the casualties (6) were wounded in IOF attacks in Qalqilyah, occupied East Jerusalem and Ramallah.

In the Gaza Strip, 9 shootings by IOF were reported against the agricultural lands in the southern and central Gaza Strip while 1 shooting was reported against Palestinian fishing boats off the northern Gaza Strip shore.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 80 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 91 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children.  Meanwhile, in the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted a limited incursion in eastern Buraij refugee camp, central Gaza Strip.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: PCHR documented 5 IOF operations, including demolitions, land razing, and demolition notices: excavation operations at Palestinians’ lands in occupied East Jerusalem, two construction vehicles confiscated in Hebron, 400 olive trees uprooted in Bethlehem, a barracks used for cattle dismantled and a residential tent demolished in Ramallah. Furthermore, “Sovereignty Road” project was ratified in area E1 eastern occupied East Jerusalem, which intends to isolate Palestinian neighbourhoods from Jerusalem, to apply Israeli sovereignty.

PCHR also documented 8 settler-attacks: cars and houses attacked in Nablus; dozens of grape vines cut in al-Khader village, southern Bethlehem, and assault on a civilian and houses in Hebron during Purim Jewish holiday.

Collective punishment policy

IOF demolished two Palestinian prisoners’ houses in Ramallah: Yazan Mghames in Beirzeit northern Ramallah; and Walid Hanatsheh, in al-Teereh neighbourhood western Ramallah.

Israeli closure policy and Restrictions on Movement: on Friday, 06 March 2020, IOF declared a complete security lockdown on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip for Purim.

IOF announced the lockdown from mighnight Sunday, 08 March 2020, until Thursday, 12 March 2020. The decision applied to Kerm Shalom crossing, the Gaza Strip’s sole commercial crossing with Israel for 24 hours, Monday – Tuesday.

As such, IOF did not allow exit or entry into Israel, except for humanitarian cases and medical emergencies, after acquiring the approval of the Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories.

On Wednesday, 11 March 2020, IOF declared increased restrictions on Beit Hanoun Crossing and all West Bank checkpoint under the pretext of responding to the spread of Coronavirus.

 This comes in a time when the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted and they are subject to arrest. This week, IOF arrested 1 Palestinian at a temporary military checkpoints.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity
  2. Excessive Use of Force against Protests in the West Bank

IOF suppressed peaceful protests that took part in the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, condemning the U.S President Donald Trump’s Middle East peace Plan known as “Deal of the Century” that was declared on 28 January 2020. In most of the protests, Palestinians gathered near seam zones and chanted national slogans as some of them threw stones at IOF. IOF responded with live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, 2 civilians sustained live bullets wounds and dozens suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. IOF also arrested 5 civilians, including 2 children. The protests were as follows:

  • A protest near the annexation wall gate, east of al-‘Erqah village, west of Jenin. IOF suppressed the protestors and arrested 4 civilians, including 2 children: Yazan Rasem Yahiya (19), Mousa (17), Basel Nezar Waked (25), and Mohammed Issam Waked (16). Many civilians also suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • A protest at the northern crossing established on Qalqiliyah city lands. IOF chased Palestinian young men, who gathered in the area. Clashes erupted in the area in which IOF fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a 30-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in his face and a 47-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in the right hand.
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 08:30 on Friday, 06 March 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of al-Qararah village. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:00 on the same Friday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village; No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00 on the same Friday, IOF moved into al-Wad Street in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched houses of Mohammed Murad Najib (20) and Hesham Mohammed al-Bashiti (19) and arrested them. In the meantime, a number of young men protested on al-Wad Street, adjacent to Bab al-Majles, one of al-Aqsa Mosque gates, and threw stones and fired live bullets at IOF soldiers. The soldiers fired sound bombs and rubber bullets at the protestors.
  • At approximately 14:30 on Saturday, 07 March 2020, IOF soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At the same time, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of al-Qararah village, east of Khan Younis, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00 on the same Saturday, IOF moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. The soldiers deployed the city neighborhoods, established checkpoints at its entrances, prevented civilians from entering or exiting the village, and searched civilian’s vehicles before allowing them to enter the village. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men protested at the entrance to Obeid neighborhood, north of the village and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli soldiers. An Israeli force moved into the neighborhood and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. Clashes erupted in the area and continued for 3 hours. As a result, 2 civilians were hit with sound bombs shrapnel and they were taken to a medical center in the village to receive medical treatment. IOF arrested Moneer Mo’ammer Obeid (18) and Yazan Bassam Rushud Obeid (23).
  • At approximately 08:00 on Sunday, 08 March 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands in eastern al-Fukhari village, east of Khan Younis. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of al-Qararah village, east of Khan Younis. The shooting recurred at 21:00 on the same day. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:15 on the same Sunday, IOF moved into Qabatiyah village, southeast of Jenin. In the meantime, a number of children and youngsters gathered and threw stones at IOF’s vehicles. IOF responded with tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 15:30 on the same Sunday, IOF moved into Burin village, southeast of Nablus, and stationed in al-Baten area, east of Burin village. A number of Palestinian children gathered and threw stones at IOF vehicles. IOF fired tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and they received medical treatment on the field.
  • At approximately 21:30 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, fired live bullets and flare bombs in the sky of the area. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 06:00 on Monday, 09 March 2020, IOF gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire and chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 2 nautical miles. Fishermen were forced to flee from the area fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on the same Monday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi refugee camp in central Gaza Strip, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at Palestinian shepherds, adjacent to the border fence. The shooting continued sporadically until the evening hours. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 10 March 2020, IOF soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Abasan al-Kabirah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 19:00 on the same Tuesday, an Israeli infantry unit moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, claiming that Israeli soldiers stationed at the entrance to the camp they were stoned. When the soldiers arrived at the area where UNRWA storehouses are, a number of young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers. The soldiers chased the stone-throwers between houses and indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.  IOF withdrew from the  Neither arrests nor house raids were reported.
  • Simultaneously, IOF moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus and stationed in al-Berkah area, west of the village. In the meantime, a number of civilians gathered and threw stones at IOF vehicles, and the latter fired rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and they received medical treatment on the field. IOF chased the protestors and dispersed them. IOF also arrested 2 civilians namely: Hazem Omer Hendi (25) and Bara’a Abdul Fattah Eshtiyah (23).
  • At approximately 02:00 on Wednesday, 11 March 2020, an Israeli military force moved into Deir Netham village, northwest of Ramallah. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered at the village’s main entrance and threw stones at Israeli soldiers, while the latter heavily responded with rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and they received medical treatment. IOF also arrested Ramez Mohammed Yahiyah al-Tamimi (15) and Osamah Mohammed Yahiyah al-Tamimi (17) and took them to an unknown destination.
  • In a new crime of excessive use of force, on Wednesday, 11 March 2020, IOF killed a Palestinian child and wounded 14 others, including a journalist, when they suppressed a protest in al-‘Armah Mount, southeast of Beta village in Nablus, north of the West Bank. 2 civilians’ injuries were deemed critical condition.
  • According to PCHR investigations, approximately at 05:00 on Wednesday, Israeli forces backed by at least 40 military vehicles and 2 construction vehicles moved into al-‘Arma Mountain, and proceeded to suppress a civilian gathering (dozens) who had an overnight sit-in starting at 20:00 on Tuesday, 10 March 2020, as IOF provided protection for settlers. IOF fired live and rubber bullets, as well as tear gas canisters at the civilian gathering in order to disperse them. Clashed erupted until 07:00 Wednesday morning. As a result, IOF aggression resulted in the injury of 14 civilians. Mohammed Abdulkarim Khassab Hamayel (15) was shot with a live bullet in the head and deemed critical, until his death was announced at 12:00 today at the Intensive Care Unit at Rafidia Hospital in Nablus. Among those wounded was journalist Baker Mohammed Abdulhaq (30) who was shot with a rubber bullet in his left leg while covering the incident for Palestine TV; two others were deemed in an extremely critical conditions, while dozens suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and were attended to in the field.

According to eyewitnesses’ statement to PCHR fieldworker, IOF did not allow paramedics to evacuate the wounded, including Hamayel (15) and left them to bleed on the ground for more than half an hour before ambulance were allowed to enter after the area was forcibly evacuated from all civilians. All of the above occurred despite the fact that the civilian gathering did not pose any danger to the lives of Israeli soldiers.

This is the 3rd IOF raid into al-‘Arma Mountain in the past 2 weeks against civilian gatherings intended to obstruct settlers’ overtake of the area, where 146 Palestinians sustained wounds.

Al-‘Arma Mountain is one of the highest points of altitude in Nablus governorate (843m above the sea level), and it has an historic site (60 dunums) and it is part of Bita village, southeast of Nablus. Israeli settlers intend to control it and annex it to settlements “Givat Arnon” and “Etmar” under religious pretexts.

  1. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 05 March 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Barqin village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched Mohammed Omran Sabbah’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Samoa’ village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Oday Mohammed Mahmoud Rawashda’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Jenin. They raided and searched Sayed Ibrahim Sayed’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Fare’a refugee camp, south of Tubas. They raided and searched Omar Fathi al-Shafe’i’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • In the same context, IOF moved into Burin village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Ahmed Ali Eid’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Kharas, west of Hebron. They raided and searched four houses and arrested (4) civilians: Romel Kamel Atwan (42), Shaher Aziz Halahela (42), Younis Owda al-Haroub (39), and Isma’el Ahmed al-Haroub (29). It should be noted that Romel was arrested in Nafha Prison and released on 13 February 2020 after serving a sentence of 18-years, and Shaher was released on 19 March 2019, after serving 17-years sentence in Nafha prison.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Sourif, west of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Wa’d al-Haq Mohamed al-Hedmi (30) and Rami Mohammed Ehdoush (38).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Beit Ummer, north of Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and handed (3) civilians summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services (Shen Bet) in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem. The (3) civilians are: Saqer Ahmed Sabarna (36), Waheeb Nimir ‘Alqam (35), and Mazen Hussain al-Tit (33).
  • At approximately 21:40, IOF moved into Qalqiliya. They aided and searched Adel Suliman Abu Duhail’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Sabastya, Qaryout in Nablus, Tafouah, and Hebron in Hebron Governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 06 March 2020:

  • At approximately 14:30, IOF moved into Batn al-Hawa in Solwan, soth of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Monthir Hamza al-Rajabi’s (21) house and took him to Salah al-Deen police station. IOF released him after several hours without conditions.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Birzeit, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a university student’s apartment and arrested (7) civilians from Tulkarm; Mohammed Mahmoud Thawabta (21), Yazeed Kamal Abdul Dayem (21), Mohammed Hasan Jaber (21), Aseed Abdul Fattah Sa’eed (22), Ahmed Farah (19), Mohammed Naser (22), and Rayyan Kharyoush (20).
  • At approximately 03:20, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Barakat Raed Nakhla’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Foad Jamal al-Shawish’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in al-Shoyoukh, Beit al-Roush, and al-Thahereya in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 07 March 2020:

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Abu Snaina (20) and Mustafa Abu Snaina (21), and took them to the police station in the city, while present in front of their house in al-Wad Street, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Hebron and Yatta in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 08 March 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Thawri neighborhood, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided Ibrahim Jameel Ghaith’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Jabal al-Mokaber neighborhood, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Khaled Amer Alian Owaisat’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Loay Ashraf Mahmoud’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Sourif, Abu al-‘Asja, and Beit Amrah villages in Hebron.

Monday, 09 March 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Qalandya refugee camp and Kafr Aqab, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Ahmed Jom’aa Sajdeya (27), Mohammed Yaser Hammad (29), and Omar Eid (26). It should be noted that Sajdeya’s right hand was amputated in November 2014 during the clashes near Qalandya military checkpoint, north of the occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yehya Jamal Sowi (32) and Eyad Mohammed Naser (40) and arrested them. Later, IOF released Eyad Naser.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jenin. They raided and searched Nidal Fayez Abu al-Teen’s (52) house and arrested him and his son Baha’ (25). IOF also moved into Mohammed Jamal al-Hourani’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched four houses and arrested (4) civilians: Abdul Kareem Khaled Abu Sel (22), Amro Khaled al-Badawi (19), Majed Tayseer al-Titi (24), and Ahmed Izzat al-Sabatin (21).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Kharsa village, southwest of Hebron they raided and searched two houses belonging to Nehad Yousef Awawda and Abdul Halim Mohammed al-Talahma. No arrests were reported.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Heela village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Shaher Rabea’ Dawoud’s house and no arrests were reported.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Monjed Mohammed Radwan (28) and Khaled Hussain Abed Rabboh (20), and arrested them. Lately, IOF released Khaled.
  • At approximately 03:10, IOF moved into Betein village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Hadi Abdullah Hamed’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Solwad, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hasan Tayseer Hammad (20) and Saleh Abdullah Seyagha (19), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF backed by five military construction vehicles, moved 200 meters west of the border fence, east of al-Buraij. A warplane was flying in the area while the construction vehicles were leveling the land and repairing the barbed wire along the border fence. At approximately 17:30, the military construction vehicles redeployed again along the border fence.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Alian neighborhood, in al-Issaweya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a restaurant in the neighborhood and arrested Mohammed Ibrahim Hamdan (26).
  • IOF carried out 3 incursions in Halhoul and Sa’eer villages, in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 10 March 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Ram village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hamouda Baker Jabarin’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beita municipality, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (8) civilians and took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees are: Monawar Abdul Rahman Bani Shamsa (55), Raed Abdul Raheem Dawoud (50), Hussain Dawoud Bani Shamsa (22), his brother Ibrahim (26), Jihad Fayez Hamayel (24), his brother Fayez (22), Saif Hamayel (22), and Abdul Salam Mo’la (50), who is a university professor.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Awrta village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Abdul Salam Mohammed Awwad’s (48) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF around the same time, IOF moved into Kafr Tholth village, east of Qalqiliya. They raided and searched Ali Rafiq Mohammed Shawahna’s (40) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Auserin village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Samer Hamdi Nayef Mifleh’s (25) house and took him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOFD moved into Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Omran Kareem Abu Sbaih’s (25) house and arrested him. After a few hours, IOF released him on condition of banning him from entering al-Aqsa Mosque for a month.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Hebron, and stationed in Korbet Zaheda area. They raided and searched Fareed Hmaidan al-‘Awiwi’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF moved into Dari neighborhood in al-Issaweya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ma’moun Mostafa Dari’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Yatta, Hadab, and al-Fawwar refugee camp in Hebron.

Wednesday, 11 March 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians: Mohammed Mousa Ajjawi (32), Yousef Naser Salah al-Deen (24), Mohammed Zuhair Bal’awi (27), Ahmed Asa’ad Nabhan (23), and Emad Ghassan Hab al-Reeh (21). IOF took the arrestees to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and handed (3) civilians summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Ofar Detention” in Betounya. The civilians are: Hamza Mohammed Qindah, Ahmed Abu Zir, and Anwar Mohammed Abu Salem.
  • At approximately the same time, IOF moved into Abu-Shekhdem village, northern Ramallah, raided and searched several civilian houses. IOF delivered 3 civilians notices to appear before the Israeli Intelligence Service at “Ofer” Prison in Bitunia village, west of the city: Hamzah Mohammed Sherif Qindah, Ahmed Abu-Zer and Anwar M. S. Abusalem.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Deer Abu Mishal village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (2) civilians including a child; Abdul Rahman al-Barghouthi (17) and Mohammed Darwish ‘Atta (19).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into several neighborhoods in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Mohammed Sandouqa (20), Salah al-Razim (18), and Mohammed Hijazi (24).
  • At approximately 05:30, IOF moved into Um al-Safa village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Issam Hamad (25).
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stopped and arrested Ehab Yousef al-Jabareen (30), from Yatta, south of Hebron, while passing through a temporary military checkpoint on the northern entrance of the city.
  • At approximately 18L30, IOF arrested (5) civilians near Salah al-Deen Police Station after severely beaten them. Anwar Obaid said to PCHR’s fieldworker that a group of Israeli soldiers tried to arrest the prisoner Yaser Obaid’s father and sister, then her son with dozen of civilians attempted to defend them. A fight occurred between them, and the IOF severely beaten and arrested (3) of them along with Mrs. Obaid and her daughter who were released after a few minutes.  The arrestees are: Mohammed Bassam Obaid (23), Mohammed Bassam Alian, and Mohammed Mobtasem Obaid (19).
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Abu Qash, Borham, Birzeit villages in Ramallah, Hebron, Tarqoumeya, Beit Ummer in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  1. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities
  • At approximately 15:00 on Thursday, 05 March 2020, the Israeli Nature Authority staff raided and conducted excavation works in Mohamed Dawoud al-‘Abasi (90)’s plot of land located in Wadi al-Rababh neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. ‘Abed al-Kareem Abu Sninah, Head of Wadi al-Rababah Village Council, said that the Israeli Nature Authority has targeted the area for the past 20 years to establish new settlement projects. He also pointed out that a court hearing will be held on 22 March to make a decision on the neighborhood lands, and it seems that storming the land by the Nature Authority staff was to influence the court’s decision. Abu Sninah added that as a result of storming the neighborhood lands, the residents confronted the Nature Authority staff and forced them to stop excavation works.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Sunday, 08 March 2020, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbit Berin, east of Hebron. The Israeli soldiers were deployed into the area, where they confiscated Mohamed Ahmed Abu Turki’s 2 JCB diggers while reclaiming agricultural lands. It should be noted that Kherbit Berin is located in Area C, where working is banned without getting a prior permission from the Israeli authorities.
  • On Monday, 09 March 2020, IOF uprooted hundreds of olive seedlings from Wadi Fokeen village, west of Bethlehem. Wadi Fokeen Village Council stated that 400 olive seedlings belonging to Mohamed Mahmoud al-Hroub were uprooted from Sha’b Bohour area, west of the village.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF backed by a mounted-crane truck and a vehicle carrying workers from private companies moved into Kherbet Jab’eet in al-Moghair village, northeast of Ramallah. The workers dismantled Anees Mahmoud Abu ‘Alia (43)’s 100-sqaure-meter barrack built of tin plates and used for breeding livestock. The IOF also demolished Abu ‘Alia’s residential tent that was sheltered 6 persons, including 4 children, and confiscated a generator from it, under the pretext of being a closed military zone.
  • On Monday, Israeli Defense Minister, Naftali Bennett, approved the project of the so-called “road of sovereignty” in Area ( E1),east of occupied East Jerusalem, which aims at isolating Palestinian neighborhoods from occupied East Jerusalem and  imposing  Israeli sovereignty in area E1. According to 0404 New and Media Website, the road will connect the Palestinian neighborhoods of Anata, Ezzaim, Hizma and Ar-Ram, north of the Israeli settlement Maale Adumim, to one another, ensuring that Palestinians and Israelis do not drive on the same road. Bennett said in a statement that “Sovereignty Road” will allow Palestinian vehicles to move without crossing inside the Maale Adumim settlement, near Israeli communities, and will enable the building of settlement units in area E1. The 0404 New and Media Website stated the planning procedures will now begin in cooperation with the Ministry of Transport, which will be responsible for its implementation.

“We are giving a green light to the ‘sovereignty road’ today” to connect Jerusalem and Ma’aleh Adumim, Bennet said. “The project will improve the quality of life of the residents of the area, prevent unnecessary friction with the Palestinian population, and most importantly – enable the continuation of building in the settlements. Imposing sovereignty in deeds, not in words. We will continue that way,” he continued.

It should be noted that building “Sovereignty Road”  allows the Israeli occupation authorities to annex the area known as E1 and settle in it, in addition to separating the  northern West Bank from its south and undermining any opportunity to establish a sovereign Palestinian state.

  • Israeli Settler Violence
  • At approximately 14:45 on Saturday, 07 March 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Yatizhar” settlement, which is established in the eastern side of Madama village, southeast of Nablus, attacked the outskirts of Madamarn village from the eastern side and threw stones at the Palestinians’ houses, under the IOF protection. In the meantime, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at the settlers and IOF, who fired tear gas canisters at them. As a result, my Palestinians suffocated to due tear gas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 17:15, Israeli settlers, from “Yatizhar” settlement, which is established in the eastern side of Bureen village, southeast of Nablus, attacked the outskirts of Bureen village from the eastern side and threw stones at the Palestinians’ houses, under the IOF protection. In the meantime, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at the settlers and IOF, who fired tear gas canisters at them. As a result, my Palestinians suffocated to due tear gas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • On Tuesday, 10 March 2020, dozens of Israeli settlers cut grape vines in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. Hasan  Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall  Resistance Commission, said that settlers cut many grape vines in Faghour area, which is surrounded by “Daniel”, “Eliezer” and “Efrat” These grape vines belong to ‘Abed al-Salam Ahemed al-Seer. Breijieh also said that the settlers take the opportunity after declaring a state of emergency in the oPt in order to seize Palestinian lands and damage the crops.

It should be noted that during the past 2 weeks, the Israeli settlers uprooted at least 800 trees in al-Khader village and 400 seedlings in Wadi Kofeen.

  • At approximately 00:30 on Wednesday, 11 March 2020, while Palestinian vehicles travelling on Hawarah main street, south east of Nablus, a vehicle with Israeli registration plates stopped. Meanwhile, 3 settlers carrying sticks stepped out of the vehicle and attacked Palestinian vehicles travelling on the street. The settlers also attacked 2 Palestinian young men, who attempted to confront them, and broke their vehicle rear window. The young men fled and headed to the Israeli Police Station to file a complaint. The young men were identified as Salah Wael Lotfi Khamous (23), who sustained bruises in his back, and Wa’d Ghazi Dawoud Shehada (23), who was hit with a stick in his right shoulder. Both of them headed to Rafidia Hospital for treatment.
  • At approximately 10:00, Israeli settlers organized tours on Tal al-Ramitha neighborhoods streets in the center of Hebron to celebrate the Jewish “Purim” Holiday. During that, the settlers attacked Palestinian residents and cursed them. They also chanted slogans against Arabs, under the IOF protection.
  • Around the same time, a group of settlers attacked and cursed Palestinian residents on al-Shuhada Street while celebrating the Jewish “Purim” Holiday. The daily life of the Palestinian residents in the closed neighborhoods of Hebron has been disrupted due to the large number of settlers. The closure included the main entrance to al-Shuhaha Street.
  • At approximately 11:45, Israeli settlers, from the “Price Tag” group”, attacked the western entrance to Hawarah village, near “Yatizhar” settlement square. They threw stones at Mo’taz Sadeq Qasrawi’s house and broke it windows. They also broke the windows of 3 vehicles parked Mohamed ‘Abed al-‘Aziz Ahmed Harezlah’s in house yard, 200 meters away from Yatizhar” settlement square.
  • At approximately 18:00, Israeli settlers, from “Kiryat ‘Arba’” settlement, were performing prayers in celebration of the Jewish Purim Holiday. In the meantime, Israeli settlers threw stones at Palestinians houses in Wadi al-Nasara neighborhood, east of al-Ibrahimi Mosque. As a result, Mohanad Khalawi al-Ja’bari (30) sustained wounds in his head after being hit with a stone. He was taken to the Governmental Hospital in the city to receive treatment.
  • Collective Punishment Policy
  • As part of the collective punishment policy applied by the Israeli forces against Palestinian families of those accused of carrying out attacks against the Israeli forces and/or settlers, IOF demolished the prisoners  Yazan Maghamis and Waleed Hanatsha’s houses in Birzeit, north of Ramallah, and al-Tira neighborhood.

According to PCHR’s investigations, on Thursday, 05 March 2020, IOF backed by dozens of military construction vehicles  moved into Birzeit in northern Ramallah. Dozens of Israeli soldiers stepped out of military vehicles and were deployed between houses. They heavily fired sound bombs in the center of the city. In the meantime, a large number of IOF raided the prisoner Yazan Maghamis’s 150-sqaure-meter house and completely demolished it, so many Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at IOF who responded with rubber bullets and tear gas canisters. As a result, many civilian suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and received treatment on the spot by PRCS staff.

  • At approximately 02:30, at least 200 Israeli soldiers accompanied with 20 military construction vehicles moved into al-Tira neighborhood, which is located in the western side of Ramallah. The Israeli soldiers were deployed on the neighborhood streets and at it entrances. They also turned the neighborhood into a closed military zones and prevented anyone from entering or exiting it. IOF fired rubber bullets and sound bombs at Palestinians’ vehicles and buildings. During which, IOF raided a 6-story residential building comprising of 13 apartments. They raided the prisoner Waleed Hanatsha’s 170-square-meter apartment after forcing all it the residents to get out and locking them in another apartment. IOF destroyed the apartment walls with hand hammers. Meanwhile, clashes erupted between the IOF and the neighborhood residents who threw stones and empty bottles and set fire to tiers. The IOF responded with rubber bullets and tear gas canisters. As a result, 2 civilians were shot with rubber bullets in their lower limbs and treated on the spot by PRCS staff, who classified their injuries as minor. Also, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.

It should be noted that on 10 January 2020, the Israeli authorities  handed demolition notices to the families of prisoners Yazan ‘Abdullah Maghamis, who was arrested on 11 September 2019, and Waleed Hanatsha, who was arrested on 03 October 2019,  after being accused of participation in the attack at Ein Bubin near Deir Bzai’a village, west of Ramallah on 23 August 2019, which caused the killing of Israeli female settler and injuring her father and brother.

  • Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

Gaza Strip

  • On Friday, 06 March 2020, Israeli authorities decided to impose a security cordon on the West Bank and Gaza Strip for security reasons, coinciding with the Jewish Holiday “Purim.”

Moreover, the Israeli authorities declared that the closure would be started on Sunday 08 March and ended on Thursday, 12 March. The decision included the closure of Karem Abu Salem Crossing, the only commercial crossing in the Gaza Strip, on Tuesday.

Upon this decision, the humanitarian, medical and exceptional cases would be allowed to pass through the crossing, according to the approval of the government’s coordinator in the Palestinian Territories.

  • On Wednesday, 11 March 2020, Israeli authorities declared the closure of Erez Crossing due to coronavirus.
  • The Israeli authorities stated that on Thursday 12 March 2020, humanitarian cases, prominent businessmen (BMC Card holders), workers, and West Bank Palestinians (under 50) with valid permits will be allowed to enter Israel from the West Bank crossings.
  • The Israeli authorities decided to continue the closure imposed on the Bethlehem and prevent citizens ’movement, under the pretext of confronting the spread of coronavirus, while preventing the residents of Bethlehem from entering Israel until further notice.
  • Furthermore, workers and BMC Card holders are allowed to enter Israel from Hebron crossings not from the 300 crossing (Rachel Crossing).
  • The new decision included that the ongoing closure of  Beit Hanoun (Erez )crossing, except for urgent humanitarian cases. These instructions are valid until Saturday 14 March, and appropriate decisions will be taken regarding the subsequent period, according to the Israeli decision.

West Bank

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 36 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested one of them.

The military checkpoint were as follows:

  • Jerusalem:
  • On Monday, 09 March 2020, IO closed Qalandia military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem, and al-Zaytoun military checkpoint, east of the city, in front of vehicles movement. The checkpoints were later opened.
  • On Tuesday, 10 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Bir Nibalah village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • Bethlehem:
  • On Thursday, 05 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints near the intersection of al-Nashnash area, south of Bethlehem, and at the western entrance to Hosan villages.
  • On Friday, 06 March 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints near the intersection of al-Nashnash area, near ‘Aqbet Hasna area, and at the northern entrance to Taqou’a village.
  • Hebron:
  • On Thursday, 05 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Halhoul village and at the entrance to Ethna village.
  • On Friday, 06 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Shayyoukh and Beit Kahel villages.
  • On Saturday, 07 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Ethna village and on Wad al-Shajinah Road.
  • On Sunday, 08 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoint the northern and southern entrances to Hebron.
  • On Monday, 09 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints on Khelet al-Mai Road and at the entrance to Kharsa village.
  • On Tuesday, 10 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Ethna and Beit Kahel villages.
  • On Wednesday, 11 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp and at the northern entrance to Halhoul.

Nablus:

  • On Sunday, 08 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to “Homish” settlement, northwest of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Sunday, 08 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the south-eastern entrance to al-Zababda village, southeast Jenin. The stopped Palestinians vehicles and checked their IDs.

Tubas:

  • On Thursday, 05 March 2020, IOF stationed at al-Tayaseer checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Tubas tightened their arbitrary measures against civilians who cross the checkpoint and undergo thorough searches before being allowed to cross.
  • Qalqiliyah:
  • On Thursday, 05 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to ‘Azoun village and under the bridge of ‘Azoun village.
  • Tulkarm:
  • On Sunday, 08 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint between Sida and ‘Alar villages, north of the city.
  • Salfit:
  • On Sunday, 08 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Dir Balout and Kaful Hares villages.
  • Ramallah
  • On Saturday, 07 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Nabi Salah village and near ‘Atara village bridge, north of Ramallah.
  • On Sunday, 08 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to al-Nabi Salah village. They also closed the metal detector gate established on the main street leading to al-Jalazoun refugee camp for 2 hours.
  • On Monday, 09 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Nabi Saleh and Dir Abu Mish’al villages, northwest of Ramallah.
  • Jericho:
  • On Thursday, 05 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Monday, 09 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.

Israeli Justice… a Futile Chase

caged but undaunted

Israeli Justice… a Futile Chase

 

“Doctrine of Futility”

Seventeen years ago, 23 year old Rachel Corrie (a Washington State volunteer with the International Solidarity Movement) was crushed to death by an armored military bulldozer as she stood on top of a mound of dirt trying to prevent the dozer from destroying a civilian home in the Southern Gaza Strip village of Rafa. Wearing a bright orange vest and shouting out at the bulldozer through a megaphone, Corrie was murdered for the temerity of her unarmed act of peaceful defiance. More than a dozen years later the Israeli Supreme Court rejected her parents’ suit to hold Israel’s military accountable for her death. In finding that an “explicit statutory provision of the Knesset overrides the provisions of international law”, the Israeli High Court sacrificed well more than a century…

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Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (19– 25 December 2019)

19 – 25 December 2019

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (19– 25 December 2019)

  • 45 Palestinians shot and injured, including 18 children, 3 women and a journalist, by IOF near the Gaza border fence at Great March of Return (GMR) protests in eastern Gaza.
  • 7 shootings reported against Palestinian agricultural lands, and 3 shootings reported against Palestinian fishing boats, east and west of Gaza Strip Shore
  • During 121 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 76 civilians arrested, including 8 children and 5 women.
  • During 2 incursions into the Gaza Strip: 4 Palestinian civilians arrested, including 3 children; one of them was shot and injured, while attempting to sneak into Israel in eastern Gaza Strip.
  • 4 houses in occupied Jerusalem and Hebron demolished, while vehicles confiscated from the West Bank cities.
  • 10 settlers’ attacks reported, including burning and puncturing tires, throwing stones at vehicles and uprooting trees in the West Bank.
  • 71 temporary checkpoints erupted in the West Bank, where 4 Palestinian civilians were arrested

Summary

This week, PCHR documented 224 violations of the international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli occupation forces (IOF) and settlers in the occupied Palestinian territory. This week witnessed an increase of Israeli violation regarding demolition and settlement activities in addition to settlers’ attacks and incursions. They were as follows:

As part of the Israeli shooting and excessive use of force:

In terms of excessive use of force, IOF wounded 45 Palestinian civilians, including 18 children and 3 women, on the 85th Friday of the Great March of Return and Breaking the Siege protest (GMR) in eastern Gaza Strip. IOF shot and injured 11 civilians with live bullets and shrapnel; 4 of them deemed in serious health conditions, in addition to targeting protestors’ upper body. As a result, many civilians injured despite the peaceful nature of the protests in the 5 encampments. Moreover, 7 shootings were reported by IOF at agricultural lands in the Gaza Strip; while 3 shootings were reported by the Israeli gunboats against the Palestinian fishing boats, east and west of the Gaza Strip; no casualties were reported. Furthermore, a civilian shot and injured in the lower part of his body and arrested while attempting to sneak into Israel via the border fence.

Under IOF incursions and house raids in addition to arresting Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 121 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, arresting and/or injuring many others. During this week’s incursions, 76 Palestinians were arrested, including 8 children and 5 women.  In the Gaza Strip, IOF carried out 2 incursions in eastern Khan Younis and northern Gaza Strip; no levelling works were reported.

Under the settlement expansion activities in the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, PCHR documented 12 IOF violations that included banning farmers from afforestation of their lands in Tulkarm and Kisan village, east of Bethlehem, claiming that these lands are confiscated by IOF; demolishing 2 residential tents; levelling works to expand  ” Shvut Rachel” settlement established in lands of Jaloud village in Nablus; demolishing livestock barns, confiscating water tanks and an agricultural tractor in Tubas; demolishing 2 houses in Jerusalem; confiscating a bulldozer and digger; and demolishing 2 houses in Hebron.

PCHR also documented 10 settler-attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property, including puncturing vehicles’ tires, writing racist slogans in Jerusalem; attacking farmers in Bethlehem; writing racist slogans in Hebron; uprooting 300 olive trees in Bethlhem; throwing stones at vehicles in Nablus; setting fire in 2 vehicles in Qalqiliyah; attacking ‘Ain al-Helwas spring in Northern Jordan Valleys; raiding  Solomon’s Pools’ archaeological site, south of Bethlehem; putting the “Menorah Lampstand” at the roof of Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron Old City; and cutting 35 olive trees in Ramallah.

In terms of the Israeli closure policy, on 19 December 2019, Israeli authorities decided to decrease the fishing area from 10 to 6 nautical miles off the Gaza Strip shores, before increasing it to 15 nautical miles in southern Gaza Strip shores starting from Tuesday morning, 24 December 2019. This comes in a time where the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel.  Meanwhile, the West Bank is divided into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilians movement is restricted and they are subject to arrest. In this week, IOF established 71 temporary checkpoints and arrested 4  Palestinians.

Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity

  1. Excessive Use of Force against Protests in the Gaza Strip

On the 85th Friday, 20 December 2019, weekly protests were launched in eastern Gaza Strip, in solidarity with Hebron Governorate, which has been lately the target of Israeli settlement schemes. This Friday’s protest titled: “Hebron is a thorn in the way of efforts to create a Jewish majority”, resulted in the injury of 45 civilians, including 18 children, 3 women and a journalist.

The incidents were as follows:

  • Northern Gaza Strip: demonstrations took place in northeast of Jabalia, and northern Gaza Strip. A few protesters threw stones at IOF stationed along the border fence. Israeli attacks resulted in the injury of 15 civilians, including 6 children, a woman and a journalist; one of them was deemed in serious condition: 3 civilians, including a child and 3 of them, including a girl and an elderly woman, were shot with live bullets and shrapnel; 11, including 3 children, were shot with rubber bullets; and a child was hit with a tear gas canister. The wounded journalist, Thair Khaled Fahmi Abu Rayash (24), was shot with a rubber bullet in his left leg. ‘Emad Fraij Mohammed Soboh (43), was deemed in  serious condition after being shot with a live bullet that entered his back and exited his abdomen.
  • Gaza City: protests took part in Malaka area in eastern Gaza City. IOF shot and injured protestors with live and rubber bullets as well as tear gas canisters. As a result, a child was shot with a rubber bullet in the face.
  • Central Gaza Strip: IOF stationed behind sand berms and in military SUVs along the border fence in eastern al-Buriej Camp fired live and rubber bullets as well as tear gas canisters at protestors. The shooting which lasted until 17:00, resulted in the injury of 6 civilians, including a woman and a child: 3 were shot with live bullets and 3 were shot with rubber bullets. The wounded were taken to al-Aqsa Hospital in Deir al-Balah: Ibrahim Mahmoud Saleh Abu Khashab (24), was deemed in serious condition after being shot with a live bullet in his abdomen and admitted to Intensive Care Unit (ICU), while others’ injuries were classified between moderate to minor. Furthermore, dozens of protestors suffocated due to tear gas inhalation; some of them were treated on spot while others were taken to hospitals.
  • Khan Younis: Hundreds civilians joined today’s protests in Khuza’ah area in eastern Khan Younis.  Most of the protesters stayed in the encampment for the activities while only few dozens gathered near the border fence and attempted to throw stones and Molotov cocktails. IOF fired live and rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 9 civilians, including 2 children and a woman, were shot with rubber bullets. Moreover, dozens of protestors suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • Rafah: hundreds of protestors gathered in eastern al-Shawka neighborhood while others remained at the protest encampment, where speeches and theatrical performances were performed. Dozens attempted to approach the fence and throw stones. IOF fired live and rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at protestors. As a result, 14 civilians, including 8 children, were injured; 2 were deemed in serious condition, including a child: 5 shot with live bullets, 5 with rubber bullets and 4 were hit with tear gas canisters. Those sustained serious wounds were identified:
  • Hazem Khaled Abu Jaridah (20), who was shot with a live bullet in his neck and referred to the Gaza European Hospital.
  • Basel ‘Abdul Raouf Salam al-Lolahi (15), who was shot with a live bullet upper his thigh.
  1. Excessive Use of Force against Protests in the West Bank
  • At the end of Friday prayer on 20 December 2019, dozens of civilians carrying olive trees to implant them in al-Qubeyat area, which is threatened to be confiscated by IOF. Al-Qubeyat area is located near “Homesh” settlement that is unpopulated, northwest of Nablus. When the protestors approached the abovementioned area, a number of soldiers were waiting them. The soldiers dispersed the protestors by firing tear gas canisters at them and chasing them.
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 07:30 on Thursday, 19 December 2019, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence in eastern Khan Younis, north of the Gaza Strip, fired a number of tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, northeast of the city. As a result, many farmers, the area residents and schools’ students suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. Abu al-‘Ala’a al-Ma’ari School for girls, which is about 1 kilo meter away from the border fence, was evacuated for few minutes.
  • At approximately 09:15 on the same Thursday, Israeli gunboats stationed in northwest of Beit Lahia, in northern Gaza Strip, pumped water at a fishing boat that was moored at a distance of 2 nautical miles. The boat is owned by Zuhair Abdul Rahman Zuhair al-‘Amoudi (21), from al-Shati refugee camp, west of Gaza City. As a result, the boats sustained damage, including 6 searchlights, a generator, and a number of fishing nets in the area.
  • At approximately 16:00 on the same Thursday, a number of Palestinian young men, gathered at the western entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a watchtower located in the camp’s main entrance. The soldiers chased stone-throwers and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 23:05 on the same Thursday, Israeli warplanes launched 2 missiles at an empty land in eastern al-Shoka village, east of Rafah in southern Gaza Strip. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:50 on Friday, 20 December 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern of the Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles. As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:00 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence in eastern al-Shoka village, east of Rafah, fired tear gas canisters at a number of Palestinian shepherds. As a result, the shepherds suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and left the area.
  • At approximately 21:00 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah, opened fire at agricultural lands adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on Sunday, 22 December 2019, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij, opened fire at agricultural lands adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:00 on the same Sunday, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia, northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at a fishing boat that was moored at a distance of 1.5 nautical miles. The boat is owned by Fahed Zeyad Hasan Baker (43), from al-Shati refugee camp, west of Gaza City. As a result, 8 searchlights were broken.

It should be noted that this kind of boats is called “Felucca Boats”, which is uninhabited boat where lambs are installed on it to gather the fish around it to facilitate fishing. Fishermen usually leave these boats in the water. At approximately 16:00 on the same Sunday, fisherman Baker went to check the boat and found all the searchlights were damaged after Israeli naval forces opened fire at them.

  • At approximately 07:30 on Monday, 23 December 2019, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence in eastern Khan Younis, opened fire at a group of bird hunters, east of al-Farahin neighbourhood in ‘Abasan. As a result, bird hunters left the area fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00 on the same Monday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence in eastern al-Buraij, opened fire at Sami Namer Salem al-Nabahin (32) when he attempted to sneak through the border fence to Israel. As a result, al-Nabahin was wounded in his lower extremities and arrested by IOF and taken to Soroka Medical Center for treatment. Al-Nabahin (32), from al-Buraij refugee camp, was interrogated at the hospital and released at approximately 16:00 on the next day evening via Erez crossing, north of the Gaza Strip.
  • At approximately 19:30 on the same Monday, IOF stationed along the border fence fired flare bombs and artillery shells at the east of Wadi al-Salqa village, east of Deir al-Balah. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:00 on Wednesday, 25 December 2019, a number of Palestinian young men gathered at the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and threw stones at Israeli military vehicles stationed near the military watchtower. Israeli soldiers chased stone-throwers between houses and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of young men suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. The clashes continued until 18:00 on the same day. The soldiers arrested Mohammed Mahmoud Jawabrah (18) and Jamal Nawaf Jawabrah (19).

Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 19 December 2019:

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into ‘Eliyan neighborhood in al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They arrested Ahmed Abdul Salam Abu Roumi (19)  and beat him after raiding and searching his house.
  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Mousa Jalamnah (20), from the eastern neighborhood in the city.
  • At the same time, IOF moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of the city. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nidal Rebhi al-Shalabi (23) and Walid Jamal Mohammed Husein (26).
  • At approximately 01:00, an Israeli force, reinforced with several military SUVs, moved into al-Thahriyah village, south of Hebron, and stationed in Duma area. They raided and searched the house of Ibrahim Mahmoud Hawarin (40) and withdrew later from the area. No casualties were reported.
  • Half an hour later, an Israeli forces , reinforced with several military SUVs, moved into Beit Kahel village, northwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed Sami al-‘Atawnah (23)’s house and arrested him. The same force also raided and searched other houses of al-‘Atawnah family. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. A number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers. The soldiers chased the protestors between residential buildings and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result,  a number of young men suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. In the meanwhile, IOF raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 civilians, including a child, namely: Mousa ‘Essa Sharakah 917), Jihad Mesbah Abu Sbaih (23), and ‘Eliyan Jihad Sharakah (46). An Israeli Intelligence officer phone called ‘Elyain’s wife and ordered her to turn on her son Jihad.
  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into Abu Shkhiedem village, north of Ramallah. They arrested Kamal Faisal Qendah (25) after they raided and searched his house.
  • At the same time, IOF moved into ‘Ein Yabrud village, northeast of Ramallah. They arrested Suleiman Samih Qatash (14) after raiding and searching his house.
  • At approximately 15:30, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence in eastern al-Buraij area, arrested 3 Palestinian children, who attempted to sneak into Israel and cross the border fence. The arrested children were identified as: Mahmoud Ahmed Abdul Qader al-Dabbagh (16), Mohanned Tahseen Faraj (17), Osamah Omer Shehdah al-Khaldi (16), all of them are from al-Buraij refugee camp. At approximately 02:30 on the next day, IOF released the them through Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossing.
  • IOF carried out (12) incursions in Dura and al-Shuyoukh village in Hebron; ‘Alar village in Tulkarm; ‘Azzoun village in Qalqiliyah; Haras village in Salfit; al-Zababdah village, southeast of Jenin; Madama village, southeast of Nablus; Birzeit, Kuber, Betunia, Abu Qash and Sarda villages in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 20 December 2019:

  • At approximately 08:30, IOF moved into the northern entrance to Talfit village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched commercial shops located at the village main entrance and confiscated the recordings of the surveillance cameras, the head office of the Village Council and a house.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Nablus and Qabatiyah, southeast of Jenin. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 21 December 2019:

  • At approximately 08:30, IOF moved into al-Ras al-Ahmar area in the Northern Jordan Valleys. They raided and searched a number of residential tents and then withdrew from the area. No arrests were reported.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in ‘Azzoun and Juyous villages in Qalqiliyah; al-Samou’a, Yatta, Beit al-Roush al-Fouqa, and Sa’ir villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 22 December 2019:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Hendazah area, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Hasan al-Wardiyan (42)’s house and hnded him a summons to refer to Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of the city.
  • At approximately 01:40, an Israeli force , reinforced with a number of military SU, moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron, and stationed in Khelat al-‘Ain and al-Thuhor areas. The soldiers deployed between houses and patrolled the area. They raided and searched 3 houses of Jawdat Suleiman Bahar and his brother Jawad, Mohammed ‘Essa Bahar, and Mohammed Mohsen Za’aqiq. The soldiers used police dogs during their search and locked each family in a room for 2 hours. They also damaged the houses’ contents. Before their withdrawal, the soldiers arrested Suleiman Jawdat Suleiman Bahar (19) and Mohsen Mohammed Mohsen Za’aqiq (19).
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Bab al-Rahmah prayer hall, east of al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem. They arrested Netham Rushdi Abu Romouz (38) while performing prayers. Abu Romouz was chased several times by the Israeli police due to his constant presence at al-Aqsa Mosque and denied access to al-Aqsa Mosque 3 times. Meanwhile, more than 80 settlers stormed al-Aqsa Mosque square.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Taqou’a village, east of Bethlehem. They banned municipality crews from practicing their job at the village northern entrance and detained a number of them. Taiseer Abu Mefreh, head of Taqou’a’s Municipality said that IOF moved into the village northern entrance during the municipality crew’s work. The soldiers banned them and detained a number of them claiming that the crew need a permit from Israeli authorities to do their job.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Mohammed ‘Ali Hasan Shana’ah (32), from ‘Anata village, north of Qalqiliyah, taking him to “Gilad Zohar” settlement established in the east of Far’ata village. Shana’ah was released after being questioned about a Palestinian flag that was present near his house.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF moved into ‘Ain al-Baida village, east of Tubas. They raidd and searched the house of Abdullah Mustafa Qabha and confiscated a forklift claiming that it was stolen. Qabha confirmed that he owns the forklift and he bought it from Jerusalem and have the purchase papers. He added that the cost of the forklift was about NIS 20,000.
  • At the same time, IOF arrested Abdul Rahman Kahlil Mohammed Mahmoud (39) while he was at his vehicle in north of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Mahmoud is from al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem and served 17 years in the Israeli prison and was released in last February.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into ‘Obeid neighborhood in al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested 3 civilians, including 2 children, namely: Ahmed Moneer ‘Obeid (14), Ahmed Maher ‘Obeid (16) and Amir Abdullah ‘Awad (19).
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF moved into Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses of Mohammed Salah Abu Madi (16) and Omer ‘Amer Abu Madi (18) and arrested them.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Yatma and Qablan villages, southeast of Nablus. Durra; Hebron; Nuba; and Taffuh villages in Qalqiliyah.

Monday, 23 December 2019:

  • At approximately 01:00, an Israeli force , reinforced with several military SUVs, moved into Surif village, northwest of Hebron. They raided and searched 3 houses and arrested 3 civilians namely: Nadim Khalid Ghuneimat (24), ‘Odai Khalid Ghuneimat (26) and Loai Hasan Abu Saleh (19).
  • At the same time, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Nayef Abu Shanab (23)’s house and arrested
  • At approximately 01:40, IOF moved into ‘Alar village, north of Tulkarm. They arrested Diya’a Namer ‘Adnan Taqatqah (25) after they raided and searched his house.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They arrested Rawhi Mahmoud al-Kalaghasi (23) after they raided and searched his house.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF, reinforced with several military SUVs, moved into Ethna village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Shaher Rayan Tamizi (33)’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:20, IOF moved into Ni’lin village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested 3 civilians namely: Mohammed Salah Sorour (24), Hamed Ibrahim Srour (23) and Sadeq Yasser Sorour (25).
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Bab al-Rahmah prayer hall in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They arrested and attacked 4 women, who are constantly present in the area and attend religious seminars at al-Aqsa Mosque. IOF claimed that these women were present in the path of Israeli settlers’ incursions. The arrested women were identified as: Fatmab al-Sous (57), Sou’ad Ghurab (60), Lawaheth al-Shuyoukhi (55) and Elham Abu Sbaih (51). It should be noted that arresting these women coincided with the incursion of more than 232 settlers of al-Aqsa Mosque square from Bab al-Magharbah area. The settlers were secured by Israeli police that restricted the entrance of Palestinian civilians and students receiving religious lessons at al-Aqsa Mosque and detained ID cards of some of them.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli soldiers stationed at Checkpoint (160), east of the Ibrahimi Mosque in the center of Hebron’s Old City, arrested Nour Eden Ra’ed Hasan (16), a child with a disability, claiming that they found a knife with him. The soldiers took him to a police center.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested ‘Ali Hashem Abu ‘Ayash (19), from Beit Ummer village, north of Tulkarm, after detaining him at a temporary checkpoint near the entrance at al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. Abu ‘Ayash was taken to a detention center in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At the same time, IOF moved into Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Majd Ismail al-‘Abasi (21)’s house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Ouz” police station, south of occupied Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF arrested 3 children adjacent to Bethlehem’s northern entrance. The arrestees were identified as Abdullah ‘Essa al-Najjar (15), ‘Ezz Eden Majed al-‘Ezzah (15), and Mohammed Bashir al-‘Ezzah (15).
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Sa’ir and Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 24 December 2019:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into ‘Aqabat Jaber refugee camp, south of Jericho. They raided and searched Shadi Mohammed Abu Hadid (26)’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Daqu village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Khaled Bassam Dawoud (33)’s house and arrested him.
  • At the same time, IOF moved into Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Adam Fathi al-Ghoul (24) and ‘Asef Omer Abdul Ghani (22).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Nablus and stationed in Nablus neighborhood. They raided and searched Osama Emad al-Masimi (30)’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, an Israeli force, reinforced with military SUVs, moved into Beit ‘Awa village, west of Durra, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Yahiya Mahmoud Saleh (23)’s house and arrested him.
  • At the same time, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested 3 civilians, including a child, namely: Omer Kayed Taqatqa (22), Fadi Fayez Taqatqa (23) and Sanad Amjad Taqatqa (16).
  • At approximately 03:00, an Israeli force, reinforced with several military SUVs, moved into Halhoul, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Eyad al-Baw (33) and arrested him.
  • At the same time, an Israeli force, reinforced with several military SUVs, moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron, and stationed in Saf neighborhood. They raided and searched 2 houses and arrested ‘Obeid Ghazi Hasan ‘Adi (20) and Nadim Falah Mohammed Abu ‘Ayash (28).
  • At the same time, IOF moved into Sebastia village, northwest of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Ja’afar ‘Aziz Haroun Kayed (19).
  • At the same time, IOF moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses after which they arrested 13 civilians, including a child, and took them to an unknown destination.

(The names of the arrestees are available at PCHR)

  • At approximately 03:20, IOF, reinforced with a number of military SUVs moved into Um al-Sharayet and Sateh Marhaba neighborhoods in the southern side of the city. A number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli vehicles. IOF chased the protestors between houses and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them; no casualties were reported. In the meanwhile, Israeli soldiers raided and searched a number of houses, including the house of Ahmed Suleiman Qatamesh (69), political writer and researcher in the Palestinian cause affairs, and arrested him. Qatamesh served more than 12 years in the Israeli prison as he was arrested several times. Israeli soldiers also raided and searched Diya’a Jamil Nawarah (20), a students at Birzeit University from Sateh Marhaba neighborhood, and arrested him.
  • At the same time, IOF moved into Betunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Akram Mohammed Salmah (27)’s house and arrested him.
  • At the same time, IOF moved into Ramallah and stationed in al-Irsal neighborhood. They arrested Ja’far ‘Aziz Kayed (21), a student at Birzeit University, after they raided and searched his house.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Tour neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Daniel Zuhair Abu Nasrah (18)’s house, and beat and arrested him.
  • At approximately 00:00, IOF, reinforced with a number of military SUVs, moved about 100 meters into the east of ‘Abasan villages, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip. They leveled lands adjacent to the border fence for hours and later redeployed along the border fence.
  • IOF carried out (23) incursions in Tal and ‘Iraq burin villages, southeast of Nablus; Yatta, Masafer Yatta, Surif, al-Rihiyah villages and al-Fawa refugee camp in Heborn; al-Zababdah, Rabab, Masliyah, Sanour, al-Silah al-Harithiyah, Romanah and Ta’nak villages in Jenin; Deir Sharaf, Qablan, Yatma and Madama villages in Nablus; Kuber, Deir Netham and al-Mazra’a al-Gharbiyah villages, north of Ramallah; Jericho and al-‘Ouja villages, northeast of Jericho.

Wednesday, 25 December 2019:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF, reinforced with a number of military SUVs, moved into Kherbat Um al-Safa, southeast of Yatta, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 civilians namely Ibrahim Hasan Dawoud (22), Majdi Mahmoud Dawoud (19) and Mohammed Mahmoud Dawoud.
  • At approximately 01:30, an Israeli force, reinforced with a number of military SUVs, moved into al-Samou’s village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed ‘Omran al-Daghamin (33)’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:15, IOF, reinforced with a number of military SUVs, moved about 100 meters into the south of the border fence, north of Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip. they leveled and combed lands that were leveled previously and sporadically opened fire at the area. At approximately 22:30 on the same day evening, IOF withdrew from the area; no casualties were reported.
  • In the morning, IOF arrested Ahmed ‘Ali Wahdan (21), from Jenin refugee camp, while passing through a temporary checkpoint established by IOF in the west of
  • IOF carried out (12) incursions in Nablus, Deir Sharaf, ‘Aqraba, Burin, Madama and ‘Ourta villages in Nablus; al-Zababdah and Zabuba villages in Jenin; al-Burj, Dura, Hebron ad Beit Awla villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.
  1. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem
  1. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities
  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 21 December 2019, IOF moved into Middle Mount area, southeast of Tulkarm. They prevented civilians from planting trees in their lands, claiming these lands were confiscated and forcing the farmers to leave the area at gunpoint.

The farmers had planted part of the lands with olive and forest seedlings as part of activities organized by the national factions in Tulkarm and local councils in the villages of al-Kafriyat and ‘Ezbet Shofah.  Those activities came after the Israeli government announced seizure of 788 dunums of these lands in favor of a new industrial settlement area.  According to this project, the agricultural area will turn into industrial and commercial areas where there are transportation, buildings, public institutions, car parking and roads for the new industrial settlement.

  • On the same day morning, an Israeli military force moved into agricultural lands in Kisan village, east of Bethlehem. They prevented the lands’ owners from plowing their lands and forced them to leave after threatening to arrest them.

Hussein Ghazal, an activist, said that IOF moved into this 100-dunum land and the officer in charge informed the Palestinian farmers that they are only allowed to enter their lands if they refer to the Military Governance office in “Gosh ‘Etzion” settlement complex in order to obtain an entry permit.  Ghazal said that IOF impose obstacles before lands’ owners, preluding to seize the lands as the settlers in the nearby settlements  continuously chase and attack farmers; the latest was against farmer ‘Atallah Ibrahim ‘Abyat when settlers sic their dogs on him.

  • At approximately 08:00 on Monday, 23 December 2019, IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers and a construction vehicle moved into Kherbet Tana, northeast of Nablus. The construction vehicle demolished 2 residential tents of 50 square meters belonging to Hakam Zohdi Nasasrah and Yousif Fayez Nasasrah and confiscated their pillars.  They then damaged the trees planted by the Ministry of Agriculture and the international and local organizations in Tana Nature Reserve, which is around 90 dunums and planted with 3000 forest trees.
  • At approximately 08:30 on the same day, IOF accompanied with a construction vehicle moved into Khelet Abu Salah in the Northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas. The construction vehicle demolished residential tents and sheep barns in addition to confiscating drinking water tanks, aiming to displace farmers.

Those affected were:

  1. Ibrahim Sa’id Zayed Abu Thaher: his 60-square-meter tent, which sheltered 9 family members, including 5 children, was demolished as well as a barrack for sheep; and a water tank was confiscated.
  2. Zainab Soliman Salem Abu Thaher: his 60-square-meter sheltering 2 persons was demolished as well as a 120-square-meter sheep barn; and a water tank was confiscated.
  • During the demolition, IOF detained ‘Aref Ahmed Tawfiq Daraghmah (50), B’tselem’s fieldworker, in his own car. After the demolition, an Israeli officer sat next to Daraghmah in his car and forced him to drive to Bak’out settlement, where a Civil Administration officer handed Daraghmah a decision to confiscate his car after telling him that he makes trouble for the Israeli soldiers and settlers in the valleys.  Daraghmah was released but his car was confiscated and taken to al-Mazkouh camp around 2 kilometers away from the settlement.
  • On the same day morning, IOF construction vehicles was leveling in favour of expanding and building more settlement units in ” Shiloh” and “Shvut Rachel” settlements established on the lands of Jaloud, Qaryout and Qesrah villages, southeast of Nablus. Building these units came despite the decision issued last year by the Israeli High Court to stop all the construction and expansion works in “Shvut Rachel” settlement and despite the challenge filed by the Jaloud and Qaryout village councils via “Yish Din” Organization against the plan of expanding “Shiloh” settlement and building more than 175 new settlement units. Although the challenge is being considered by the High Court, IOF started leveling Jaloud village lands without waiting for the final court ruling.
  • At approximately 06:00 on Tuesday, 24 December 2019, Israeli Muncipality construction vehicles demolished a house belonging to Shqeirat Family in “Khelet al-‘Abed” area in al-Mukaber Mount village, south of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of building without a license. The house was built in 2016 on an area of 260 square meters and divided into 3 residential units sheltering Montaser Salah Shqeirat with his wife and child; and Amin Salah Shqeirat with his wife and 4 children.

Montaser Shqeirat, one of the houses’ owners, said that Israeli Muncipality staffs raided his family house in the early morning and expelled the house residents despite the cold weather in addition to banning them from taking out the house contents.

He added that the Israeli municipality staffs only took out some furniture before starting the demolition.  He also said that the Israeli Municipality imposed on him an “unlicensed construction fine” of 120,000 NIS, forcing the family to pay it monthly.  It should be noted that the municipality surrounded the family house last month to demolish it; however, the demolition decision was frozen.  The court later rejected the decision to freeze the demolition, so the municipality staffs headed on that morning and carried out the demolition.

  • At approximately 10:00 on the same day, the Israeli municipality construction vehicles demolished a residential under-construction building in al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of unlicensed construction.

Jamal ‘Ata ‘Elian said that the Israeli vehicles demolished his building for the second time consecutively as it was of 3 floors and demolished last May.  He added that after months of the first demolition he rebuilt it so he can live there with his family and started the licensing measures.  However, on that day morning, he was surprised with the Israeli municipality staffs demolishing the building, which comprised of 2 floors; the ground floor used as a parking and the first floor as an apartment to shelter his family.

  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Thaghret al-Shabak area adjacent to Bypass Road (60), northeast of Hebron. They stormed an agricultural land of 14 dunums belonging to Nabil Munir Baraghit (55) and his brothers and then declared the area as a closed military zone.  They prevented the vehicles from plowing the land and confiscated a construction vehicle belonging to Mohammed ‘Omer Abu Ayyash and an excavator belonging to Samer Mohammed Ikhalyel.  They took the confiscated vehicles to “Gosh ‘Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.  It should be noted that the mentioned land is located near “Beit al-Berkah” that was seized months ago by the Israeli settlers, claiming they bought it from a Swedish organization
  • Around the same time, IOF accompanied with a vehicle belonging to the Civil Administration moved into Kherbet Ghwein, west of al-Samou’a village, south of Hebron. The soldiers were deployed between houses while the excavator started demolishing a house belonging to Ibrahim Khader Isma’il Hawamdah (46) and sheltering his 10-member family.  The 100-square-meter house built of tin plates was demolished under the pretext of unlicensed construction.

It should be mentioned that the Israeli authorities notified on 03 July 2019 to demolish the new building within 96 hours under the pretext of building without a license.  The family then challenged the demolition notice before the court while the Israeli authorities again notified the house under the pretext of rioting archeology. The court rejected the challenge 2 months ago and issued a decision to demolish the building.

  • At approximately 11:30, IOF moved into Moghayer al-‘Abid area, southeast of Yata, southwest of Hebron. The excavator demolished a 66-square-meter dwelling built of bricks and tin plates and belonging to Fayez Ibrahim Shehadah Abu ‘Aram and his 4 member family.  It should be noted that the Israeli authorities notified the dwelling’s owner that they would demolish it within 96 hours, not giving the family enough time to prepare a legal file to challenge the decision before the Beit El Military Court.
  • On Wednesday morning, 25 December 2019, the Israeli construction vehicles leveled lands in favor of expansion activities and construction of new settlement units in “Yitsihar” settlement that was established on the lands of Madma, Burin, ‘Asirah al-Qabaliyah, ‘Einabous and Howarah villages, southeast of Nablus. Eyewitnesses said that the IOF leveled those lands in an area in southern Madama village that is classified Area “B” in a prelude to confiscate it.
  1. Israeli Settler Violence
  • At approximately 02:00 on Thursday, 19 December 2019, Israeli settlers moved into al-Khalaylah neighborhood, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem. They punctured the tires of Palestinian vehicles and wrote racist slogans on the walls threatening the Palestinian residents.  Recently, the attacks by the “Price Tag” extreme groups against the Palestinian property repeated, especially burning vehicles and puncturing tires in Jerusalem.

It should be mentioned that IOF always arrive at the scene, interrogate the Palestinian civilians and take their testimonies.  However, the incidents are always recorded anonymously.  The Price Tag groups include extreme settlers who carry out hostilities against the Palestinians in the West Bank and occupied Jerusalem.

  • On the same day morning, Israeli settlers moved into Kisan village, east of Bethlehem, and prevented the Palestinian farmers from plowing their lands. They forced the farmers to leave and attacked ‘Atallah Ibrahim ‘Abayat (53).  They sic their dogs on him, and he was taken to Beit Jala Governmental Hospital to receive medical treatment.

Ahmed Ghazal, Deputy Head of the Kisan Village Council, said “settlers from “Evi Hanahel” settlement beat up the mentioned farmer and sic their dogs on him.  As a result, ‘Abayat sustained various wounds and taken to Beit Jala Hospital for medical treatment.”  Ghazal added that the settlers attacked ‘Abayat after he refused to obey their orders to leave his land for them, noting that such attacks recently recurred and shepherds have become afraid for their lives.

  • At approximately 04:20, 2 settlers from Giv’at Ha’avot settlement outpost established on the lands of eastern Hebron arrived at the house of ‘Abdel Karim Mahmoud al-Ja’bari in al-Hussein Valley adjacent to the outpost and wrote racist slogans against Arabs signed by the “Price Tag” groups on 2 vehicles parked on the main road.
  • At approximately 06:00, settlers moved into the lands al-Ghawit Valley area in al-Khader village, west of Bethlehem. They uprooted 300 olive trees and seized them.

The land’s owner, Hisham al-Barmil, said that he was surprised with a call from his neighbors telling him about what happened.  He immediately headed to his 30-dunum land to see hundreds of the trees that were planted tens of years ago uprooted and seized by settlers.  It should be mentioned that it was not the first attack by settlers on the area as 2 months ago they attacked plantings in the area, causing losses to the farmers.

  • At approximately 15:30 on the same day, settlers from Yitsihar settlement established on the lands of Burin, Madma, ‘Asiret al-Qabilah and ‘Orif villages, southeast of Nablus, threw stones at the Palestinian cars traveling on “Yitsihar” Bypass Road and Madma Bridge near “Yitshar” settlement. As a result, the windshield of a bus belonging to Redwan Ma’arouf Hussein ‘Asayrah (58) was broken.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Friday, 20 December 2019, settlers from “Havat Gilad” settlement moved into the southeastern area of Fre’ata village, north of Qalqilya. They set fire to 2 vehicles belonging to Saher ‘Abdel Rahim Rafiq Salim and Thaer Raed ‘Abdel Rahim Salim. They wrote racist slogans against Arabs on the floor and walls of a house belonging to Saher ‘Abdel Rahim Salim.

‘Abdel Men’em Shana’ah, Head of Fre’ata Village Council, said:

“At approximately 02:30 on Friday, 20 December 2019, one of the area residents called to tell me that the area and cars were on fire.  I immediately headed to the area, where 2 cars parked in front of Saher Salim’s house were on fire, but we could not do anything. The Civil Defense arrived to extinguish the fire, and the area was full of racist slogans on the walls and floor of Saher Salim’s house.  Next morning, we contacted the competent authority to tell them about what happened.”

  • On the same day morning, settlers moved into the Northern Valleys area, east of Tubas. They started repairing ‘Ein al-Helweh Spring that is used by the Valleys’ farmers for drinking and irrigation.  The farmers said that they were surprised with settlers’ repairing the spring, aiming to seize it and prevent civilians from using it.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 21 December 2019, around 100 armed Israeli settlers moved into ancient Solomon’s Pools, south of Bethlehem. They wandered with their dogs and bathed in the springs while others swam in one of the pools under the IOF protection.  It should be mentioned that settlers come to the pools from time to time under the IOF protection and the area residents are afraid of the Israeli territorial appetites although the pools are located in Area “A” and many Palestinian projects are established there.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 23 December 2019, Israeli settlers under the IOF heavy guard placed the “Menorah” lampstand on the roof of al-Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron’s Old City. This step is part of the settlers’ ongoing attempts to take over the mosque that started in 1994 when a settler carried out a massacre against the worshippers in the mosque.
  • On the same day afternoon, Israeli settlers from “‘Aadi ‘Aad” settlement under the IOF protection cut and damaged 35 olive trees in a land belonging to Ratib Haj Na’asan in al-Seder area in al-Moghir village, northeast of Ramallah.

Nash’at Nas’asan (38) said that at approximately 15:30 on the same day he saw 10 settlers approaching the barbed wire surrounding the trees in al-Seder area.  They destroyed it and then entered the land to cut the olive trees and damage the branches.  They then fled away to their settlement.

  • Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

Gaza Strip

On Thursday morning, 19 December 2019, IOF decided to decrease the allowed fishing area between 6 to 10 nautical miles off the Gaza Strip shore.

Nizar ‘Ayash, Head of the Palestinian Fishermen’s Syndicate in the Gaza Strip, said that the Israeli authorities informed the Palestinian Civil Affairs of reducing the fishing area all the way to the northern Gaza Strip to 6 nautical miles, and to 10 nautical miles in the central and southern Gaza Strip.  It should be noted that the allowed fishing area before the decision was 15 nautical miles off the southern Gaza Strip.  However, Maj. Gen. Kamil Abu Rukun, known as the Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories, said that the fishing area will be expanded back to 15 nautical miles starting from Tuesday, 23 December 2019 at 08:00.  He added that the Gaza fishing area expansion would remain only as long as Gaza fishermen stayed within the permitted boundaries.

West Bank

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 70 temporary checkpoints and arrested 3Palestinian civilians.

The military checkpoint were as follows:

Jerusalem:

  • At approximately 13:00 on Sunday, 22 December 2019, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beit Daqo village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem. They denied the movement of hundreds of cars and civilians for hours.  Eyewitnesses said that the checkpoint is being almost daily established, especially in the peak hours, only aiming at obstructing civilians’ daily life.
  • On the same day, IOF established 3 checkpoints at Jaba’a village intersection, the entrance to Badou village and the entrance to ‘Anata village in occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Monday, 23 December 2019, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of al-Ram village, north of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Tuesday, 24 December 2019, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Badou village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Sunday, 22 December 2019, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance of Nahalin village, intersection of al-Freides village, in ‘Aqabet Hasnah area and at the western entrance to Housan village.
  • On Monday, 23 December 2019, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Taqou’a village, near the intersection of al-Nashash, in ‘Aqbet Hasnah area and at the western entrance to Taqou’a village.
  • On Tuesday, 24 December 2019, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Taqou’a village, the entrance to Beit Jala, the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village and ‘Aqbet Hasnah area near the main road to the western villages of Bethlehem.

Hebron: 

  • On Thursday, 19 December 2019, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Halhoul, and no arrests were reported.
  • On Friday, 20 December 2019, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to al-‘Aroub refugee camp, al-Nabi Mousa, and Halhoul and northern entrance to Hebron.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Saturday, 21 December 2019, IOF closed the entrances to the villages in Yatta, south of Hebron and established checkpoints. They denied Yatta residents access to the main road under the pretext that a marathon would be organized by settlers.  The closure continued for 4 consecutive hours, forcing the Palestinian civilians to take roads that are far away from the main road.
  • On the same day, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Hahoul and the entrance to Tarqoumia village. On Sunday, 22 December 2019, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Hebron and the entrances to Ethna, al-Shyoukh and Deir Razeh villages.
  • On Monday, 23 December 2019, IOF established 3 checkpoints at al-Fawar refugee camp, al-Thaheriyah village and al-Kom village.
  • On Tuesday, 24 December 2019, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to al-‘Aroub refugee camp, Beit Ummar village and Deir Samit village.
  • On Wednesday, 25 December 2019, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Aroub refugee camp, Sa’ir village, Yatta and al-Thaheriyah village.

Ramallah and al-Bireh:

  • On Thursday, 19 December 2019, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit ‘Or village and al-Jalazone refugee camp.
  • On Monday, 23 December 2019, IOF established 3 similar checkpoints at the entrances to al-Nabi Saleh and ‘Otarah villages, northwest of Ramallah.
  • On Tuesday, 24 December 2019, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to al-Nabi Saleh village.

Qalqiliyah and Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 19 December 2019, IOF established checkpoints at the entrances to ‘Azoun village in Qalqiliyah and Deir Balout village in Salfit. On Friday, 20 December 2019, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Ezbet al-Tabib village in Qalqiliyah. On Saturday, 21 December 2019, IOF established checkpoints at the entrances to ‘Ezbet al-Tabib and Jeet villages in Qalqiliyah.
  • On Sunday, 22 December 2019, IOF established checkpoints at the entrance to al-Nabi Elias in Qalqiliyah, at the northern entrance to Salfit and at the entrance to Marda village. At approximately 17:00 on Monday, 23 December 2019, IOF closed the entrances to Salfit City and the entrances to Yasouf and Kafl Haris villages in Salfit.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 19 December 2019, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Qeblan village, southeast of Nablus and at the southern entrance to Tal village, southwest of Nablus. On Friday, 20 December 2019, IOF stationed at ‘Awerta checkpoint at the southern entrance to Nablus tightened their arbitrary restrictions against the Palestinian civilians who cross the checkpoint and undergo thorough searches before being allowed to cross.
  • On Monday, 23 December 2019, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Bita village branching from Ramallah-Nablus Street. On the same day, IOF obstructed the movement at the checkpoints of Shavi Shamron, northwest of Nablus; Za’tarah, southeast of Nablus; and Beit Forik village, northeast of Nablus.  They checked the passengers’ ID cards, but no arrests were reported.
  • On Tuesday, 23 December 2019, IOF established a checkpoint in al-Moraba’ah area that connects the villages of Tal, Burin and ‘Iraq Burin with Nablus, south of the city.

Jenin:

  • On Saturday, 21 December 2019, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to al-Zababdah village and at the entrance to ‘Arabah village, southwest of Jenin.
  • On Monday, 23 December 2019, IOF established a checkpoint on the Bypass Road, northeast of Jenin. They stopped the Palestinian vehicles and checked the passengers’ ID cards. However, no arrests were reported.

Great Return March: Dozens of Palestinians Injured by ‘Israeli’ Forces

Great Return March: Dozens of Palestinians Injured by ‘Israeli’ Forces

By Staff, Agencies

Dozens of Palestinians have been wounded by ‘Israeli’ forces during protests against the Tel Aviv regime near the fence separating the besieged Gaza Strip from the ‘Israeli’ occupied territories.

The Gazan Health Ministry said 30 people were injured during the 85th Friday of protests in the eastern part of Gaza.

Ashraf al-Qedra, the spokesman for the ministry, said in a tweet that eight of the wounded had been shot with live ammunition fired by Zionist troops.

The “Great March of Return” rallies have been held every week since March 30 last year. The Palestinians want the return of those driven out of their homeland by the ‘Israeli’ occupation.

At least 307 Palestinians were martyred by ‘Israeli’ occupation soldiers since the beginning of the rallies while more than 18,000 others were wounded, according to the Gazan Health Ministry.

In March, a United Nations fact-finding mission found that ‘Israeli’ forces committed rights violations during their crackdown against the Palestinian protesters in Gaza that may amount to war crimes.

Gaza has been under Zionist siege since June 2007, which has caused a decline in living standards.

Related News

ICC to Probe War Crimes in Palestinian Territories

Source

December 20, 2019

The International Criminal Court’s chief prosecutor said Friday she wanted to open a full investigation into war crimes in the Palestinian territories, sparking a furious reaction from the Zionist entity and welcome by Palestine.

“I am satisfied that there is a reasonable basis to proceed with an investigation into the situation in Palestine,” ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda said in a statement.

“In brief, I am satisfied that war crimes have been or are being committed in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip,” she added, without specifying the perpetrators of the alleged crimes.

She said that before opening a full probe, she would ask the ICC to rule on the territory over which it has jurisdiction because of the “unique and highly contested legal and factual issues attaching to this situation.”

“Specifically, I have sought confirmation that the ‘territory’ over which the Court may exercise its jurisdiction, and which I may subject to investigation, comprises the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and Gaza.”

She urged judges to rule on the court’s jurisdiction “without undue delay”.

The prosecutor added however that she did not require any authorization from judges to open a probe as there had been a referral from Palestine, who joined the court in 2015.

US Support, Palestinian and Israeli Reactions

The issue is highly sensitive, with then White House national security adviser John Bolton threatening last year to arrest ICC judges if they moved against Israel or the United States.

Tel Aviv and Washington have both refused to sign up to the court, which was set up in 2002 to be the only global tribunal trying the world’s worst crimes, war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Bensouda launched a preliminary probe in January 2015 into allegations of war crimes and crimes against humanity in the Zionist entity and the Palestinian territories, in the wake of the 2014 Gaza war.

A full ICC investigation could possibly lead to charges against individuals being brought. States cannot be charged by the ICC.

“Palestine welcomes this step as a long overdue step to move the process forward towards an investigation, after nearly five long and difficult years of preliminary examination,” the Palestinian statement said.

Israeli Prime Minister Banjamin Netanyahu, however, lashed out at what he called a “dark day for truth and justice”.

“The ICC prosecutor’s decision has turned the International Criminal Court into a political tool to delegitimize the State of Israel,” he said.

The ICC’s preliminary investigation has looked at the 2014 war which left 2,251 dead on the Palestinian side, the majority civilians, and 74 on the Israeli side, most of them soldiers.

Source: Agencies

Hamas Warns: “We Won’t Allow Zionist Entity to Pick Time, Place of Each Clash”

Hamas spokesman Fawzi Barhoum

أكلت يوم أكل الثور الأبيض I was eaten since the day the white bull was eaten

Senior Palestinian Resistance Cmdr. Assassinated in Gaza Strike

Source

November 16, 2019

Hamas spokesperson Fawzi Barhum said on Saturday that the Zionist entity will bear “the results of its ongoing aggression faced with the opposition and the Palestinian people.”

“We won’t allow Israel to pick the time and place of each clash,” he added, Walla reported.

Barhoum further stated that a joint command of all Gaza-based factions was established to jointly decide how to respond in the future to Israeli attacks.

Occupation warplanes struck Hamas posts during Saturday night, two days after fragile ceasefire went into force following a round of fighting between the occupation army and Islamic Jihad group, another resistance movement in the Gaza strip.

The latest escalation began early on Tuesday (November 12) with Israeli targeted assassination of Bahaa Abu al-Ata, a top commander of Islamic Jihad.

That 42-year-old’s killing in a raid targeting his house triggered retaliatory rocket fire from Islamic Jihad at the occupied territories.

Source: Israeli media

Related

الاحتلال الإسرائيلي يغتال القيادي في سرايا القدس بهاء أبو عطا The Israeli occupation assassinates the leader in Al – Quds Brigades Bahaa Abu Atta

الاحتلال الإسرائيلي يغتال القيادي في سرايا القدس بهاء أبو عطا

الميادين نت

نعت سرايا القدس الجناح العسكري لحركة الجهاد الإسلامي أحد أبرز قياداتها الشهيد بهاء سليم أبو العطا، الذي أعلن جيش الاحتلال الإسرائيلي عن استهداف مبنى في غزة كان الشهيد متواجد فيه، بعملية مشتركة بين الجيش والأمن العام.

وتوعدت سرايا القدس برد قادم يزلزل الكيان الصهيوني، كما توعدت بالعمل على استكمال مسيرة تحرير كامل فلسطين.

وقالت لجان المقاومة إن العدو ارتكب حماقة كبيرة باقدامه على ارتكاب هذه الجريمة، مؤكدة أن الاحتلال سيدفع ثمن جرائمه المستمرة بحق الشعب الفلسطيني، والمقاومة ستثأر لدماء الشهيد البطل بهاء أبو العطا.

وكشفت وسائل إعلام إسرائيلية أن عملية الاغتيال أوصى بها رئيس الأركان ورئيس الشاباك، وأقرها رئيس الحكومة ووزير الأمن.

وأفاد مراسل الميادين عن اطلاق عدة صليات ورشقات من الصواريخ من قطاع غزة باتجاه المستوطنات الإسرائيلية، وقصف إسرائيلي مضاد استهدف شمال مدينة غزة.

وأعلن رئيس لجنة تنسيق إدخال البضائع إلى غزة أن الجانب الإسرائيلي أغلق معبر كرم أبو سالم التجاري من اليوم وحتى إشعار آخر، في حين صدرت تعليمات من مجلس اشكول وبلدية سديروت عن توقع رد فلسطيني بعد عملية الجيش الإسرائيلي، وتوجيهات للبقاء قرب الأماكن المحصنة، وتعطيل الدراسة والزراعة في الأماكن القريبة من القطاع، على أن تسري هذه التوجيهات منذ السادسة من صباح اليوم لغاية صباح الغد.

وأكدت وسائل إعلام إسرائيلية أن الدراسة لن تقام في مبان خفيفة غير محصنة اليوم في كل مستوطنات الجنوب والوسط وتل أبيب، بالإضافة إلى توقف حركة القطارات بين عسقلان وبئر السبع نتيجة الأوضاع المستجدة في محيط غزة

وشهدت مدينة غزة قصفاً إسرائيلياً، قبيل تنفيذ عملية اغتيال الشهيد أبو عطا، وأعلنت وزراة الصحة الفلسطينة عن استشهاد مواطن ومواطنة وإصابة 2 آخرين بجراح مختلفة شرق حي الشجاعية.

Translation

The Israeli occupation assassinates the leader in Al – Quds Brigades Bahaa Abu Atta

The Al-Quds Brigades, the military wing of the Islamic Jihad movement, announced killing one of its most prominent leaders in Gaza, the martyr Bahaa Salim Abu al-Atta, the Zionist entity, targetd a building in Gaza where the martyr was present, in a joint operation between the army and public security.

The Al-Quds Brigades have vowed to respond to the zionist entity’s defeat, and it has vowed to work to complete the process of the liberation of the whole of Palestine.

The resistance committees said that the enemy committed a great folly by committing this crime, stressing that the occupation will pay the price for its continuing crimes against the Palestinian people, and the resistance will avenge the blood of the heroic martyr Bahaa Abu Alat.

Israeli media revealed that the assassination was recommended by the chief of staff and the head of the Shabak, and approved by the prime minister and the minister of security.

Al-Mayadeen correspondent reported that several prayers and rocket attacks were fired from the Gaza Strip toward israeli settlements and israeli counter-artillery shelling north of Gaza City.

The chairman of the Coordination Committee for the Introduction of Goods into Gaza announced that the Israeli side had closed the Karam Abu Salem commercial crossing from today until further notice, while instructions had been issued by the Ashkol Council and the Municipality of Sderot to expect a Palestinian response after the Israeli army operation, and directives to stay near fortified areas, and to disrupt study and agriculture in places near the Gaza Strip, provided that these directives would apply from 6 a.m. to tomorrow morning.

Israeli media confirmed that the study will not be held in light, non-fortified buildings today in all settlements in the south, central and Tel Aviv, in addition to the suspension of train traffic between Ashkelon and Beersheba as a result of the new conditions in the gaza area.

Gaza City witnessed Israeli shelling, just before the assassination of martyr Abu Atta, and the Palestinian Ministry of Health announced the death of one citizen and the injury of 2 others to the east of The Shujaiyaneigh borhood.

Weekly report on israel’s terrorism on Palestinians (31 October – 06 November)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine Territory (31 October – 06 November)

Israeli violations of human rights in the occupied Palestinian territory

31 October – 06 November 2019

  • Palestinian civilian killed and another wounded in an Israeli airstrike on Khan Younis as IOF carried out dozens of airstrikes across the Gaza Strip

 

  • 147 Palestinian civilians shot and injured by IOF, including 55 children, 3 women, 2 paramedics and 1 journalist at GMR protests in Eastern Gaza Strip
  • West Bank: 4 civilians shot and injured, including 2 children

 

  • During 89 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 73 civilians arrested, including 12 children and 3 women, including:
  • Palestinian Minister for Jerusalem Affairs, Fadi al-Hedmi; Member of the Dissolved Palestinian Legislative Council, Khaleda Jarar; and writer Ali Jaradat.

 

  • 10 military orders and notices issued for the confiscation of 3630 dunums in the West Bank
  • Residential Building demolished and 10 demolition notices issued in occupied East Jerusalem; a barn and a tent bulldozed in Hebron

 

  • Settlers continued their attacks against Palestinian farmers in the olive-harvest season in the West Bank for the 5th consecutive week

 

  • 5 shootings reported at Palestinian agricultural lands, and 4 shootings at the Palestinian fishing boats, east and west of Gaza Strip

                                                

  • 42 temporary checkpoints erupted in the West Bank: 3 Palestinian civilians were arrested

 

  • Palestinian merchant from the Gaza Strip arrested at Beit Hanoun “Erez” Crossing.

 

 

Summary

                                               

This week, PCHR documented 165 violations of the international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli occupation forces (IOF) and settlers in the occupied Palestinian territory.

As part of the Israeli violations of the right to life and bodily integrity:

In the Gaza Strip, IOF killed a Palestinian civilian and wounded another in an airstrike on Khan Younis as IOF warplanes carried out several strikes across the Gaza Strip.  Moreover, IOF wounded 147 Palestinian civilians, including 55 children, 3 women, 2 paramedics and a journalist on the 81st Friday of the Great March of Return and Breaking the Siege protest (GMR). In addition, seven shootings at agricultural lands and shepherds were documented near the eastern side of the Gaza-Israel border while 4 shootings were reported at fishing boats in the western Gaza Strip.  No casualties were reported. Meanwhile in the West Bank, IOF wounded 4 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children, in separate incidents.

Under IOF incursions and house raids, 89 incursions into the West Bank were reported. Those incursions include raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, arresting and/or injuring many others. During this week’s incursions, 73 Palestinians were arrested, including 12 children and 3 women.  Among the arrestees was Khaledah Jarrar, Member of the Dissolved Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC); ‘Ali Jaradat, a writer, and Fadi al-Hedmi, Minister for Jerusalem Affairs, who was later released.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF carried out a limited incursion during which it leveled lands it had previously bulldozed amidst continued shooting. No injuries were reported.

Under the settlement expansion activities in the West Bank, PCHR documented 10 military orders and 10 military notices to seize 3630 dunums in the West Bank and Jerusalem.  Moreover, IOF demolished a residential building and distributed 10 demolitions notices in occupied East Jerusalem; meanwhile a tent and barn were demolished in Hebron by IOF. Also, 4 settler-attacks were documented against farmers in the olive-harvest season.

In terms of the Israeli closure policy, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, aggravating the humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Meanwhile, the West Bank is divided into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilians’ movement is restricted and others are arrested.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity

 

  1. Excessive Use of Force against the Great March of Return in the Gaza Strip

IOF continued its excessive use of lethal force against GMR peaceful protests organized by Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip.

On 01 November 2019, Israeli forces wounded 147 civilians, including 55 children, 3 women, 2 paramedics and a journalist in the 81st Friday titled: “Down with the Balfour Declaration.”

Thousands of civilians took part in the GRM in the five encampments across the Gaza Strip, where some protestors raised the Palestinian flags and chanted national slogans and attempted to set tires on fire, throw stones, Molotov Cocktails and firecrackers at the Israeli forces, who responded with excessive force.

The incidents were as follows:

 

  • Northern Gaza Strip: demonstrations took part adjacent to Abu Safiyah area protests, northeast of Jabalia, and in southeast of Beit Hanoun. Israeli forces’ attacks against protestors resulted in the injury of 47 civilians, including 22 children, 2 women and a paramedic: 24 with live bullets and shrapnel, including 13 children; 19 with rubber bullets, including 9 children, a woman and a paramedic; and 4 were hit with tear gas canisters, including a woman. Shady Fayez Awadallah Awadallah (33), a paramedic, was shot with a rubber bullet in his right leg; Moath Mohammed Mohammed Abu-Amira (25) was shot in the head with a live bullet, and he is in extremely critical condition.
  • Gaza City: IOF shot and injured 12 civilians, including 3 children: 7 with live bullets and shrapnel and 5 with rubber bullets. It is notable that participation at the Malakah area has significantly decreased and participants are generally less active and remain within the vicinity of the established tents. Furthermore, a park was established in the area and named “al-Awda” (The Return) Park.
  • Central Gaza Strip: Protestors burnt tires, a coffin with the Israeli flag on it and a figurine of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, and hrew stones and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli forces. IOF shot and injured 16 civilians, including 7 children and a woman: 7 with live bullets, 2 with rubber bullets, and 7 were hit with tear gas canisters.
  • Khan Younis: IOF’s’ attacks resulted in the injury of 33 civilians, including 13 children and a paramedic: 7 with live bullets and shrapnel. Many protestors suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and received treatment in the field. A few protestors set tires on fire adjacent to the border fence. Sami Moussa Abu-Moustafa (35), a paramedic, sustained a rubber-bullet-wound to his left hand. Abu-Moustafa volunteers with the Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS); IOF targeted a PRCS ambulance with rubber bullets, shattering its windshield with no injuries.
  • Rafah: IOF shot and injured 39 civilians, including 10 children and a journalist; 3 were deemed in critical: 27 with live bullets and shrapnel, 8 with rubber bullets, and 4 were hit with tear gas canisters. Abdul Rahman Mohammed Deeb al-Khatib (42), a freelance journalist, sustained a rubber-bullet wound to his right arm. Ahmed Jum’a al-Lolahy (20) and Mohammed Saleh Ahmed Abu-Jarbou’ (20) were shot in their lower extremities with live bullets, and Mahmoud Abdul Rahman Ramadan Abu-Taim (18) sustained a live bullet to the head; all three are in critical condition.
  1. Excessive use of force in the West Bank:
  • At approximately 19:00 on Saturday, 31 October 2019, IOF dispersed a peaceful protest in Bab al-‘Amoud area in the centre of occupied East Jerusalem in solidarity with Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike in Israeli prisons. Israeli police attacked participants and then arrested 4 young men. Eyewitnesses said that IOF dispersed a group of Palestinians, who were chanting national slogans in support to the prisoners in Bab al-‘Amoud area. The soldiers chased and attacked them physically and arrested Farah Sa’eed Bayadsah (29), a lawyer at Addameer, Danan Mustafa Ruweidi (23), Omer al-Khatib and Mo’ayad Debah. The eyewitnesses added that IOF detained the arrestees in a room in Bab al-‘Amoud area, surrounded the area and attempted to forcibly keep civilians away from the area. The arrestees were later taken to Salah Eden police centre. Few hours later, IOF released Ruweidi, al-Khatib and Debah with a 2-week ban on entering Bab al-‘Amoud area and Salah Eden Street, while Bayadsah was released with no conditions.
  • At approximately 18:00 on Friday, 01 November 2019, dozens of Palestinians youngsters gathered at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers stationed at the camp’s entrance. The soldiers fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at them, wounding a 16-year-old child with a live bullet in the left thigh. The child was transferred via a PRSC ambulance to Abu al-Hasan al-Qasem Hospital in Yatta, south of Hebron for treatment.
  • At approximately 17:00 on Saturday, 02 November 2019, IOF dispersed a peaceful protest organized on Salah Eden Street, in the centre of occupied East Jerusalem in solidarity with Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike in Israeli prisons for the third time a week. They attacked the protestors and arrested Ahmed Hussein al-Safadi (45), Member of the National Action Commission. Eyewitnesses stated that IOF surrounded the participants, who raised pictures of prisoners on hunger strike in Israeli prisons, and forcibly dispersed them with the help of the Israeli mounted police and arrested journalist Ahmed al-Safadi and took him to Salah Eden police centre for investigation.
  • At the same time, dozens of Palestinian young men and children, gathered in Bab al-Zawhiyah area in the centre of Hebron. They threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at the military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada’a street entrance. The soldiers chased stone-throwers until they reached ‘Alia Hospital’s square, causing fear among the patients, and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of them suffered due to tear gas inhalation.
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 09:00 on Friday, 01 November 2019, IOF stationed in eastern Khan Younis area in the southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern Khuza’ah village for half an hour. A live bullet hit the window of Hafez Hussein Mohammed al-‘Amour’s 80-square-meter house, home to a family of 4 and located at least 1 kilometer away from the border fence.
  • At approximately 21:30 on the same Friday, Israeli gunboats stationed in western Jabalia shore in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 – 5 nautical miles and chased them. As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing fire their lives; neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • On Saturday dawn on 02 November 2019, A Palestinian civilian was killed and another was wounded in an Israeli airstrike that targeted a house, which is used as a resort, southwest of Khan Younis, within a series of Israeli airstrikes throughout the Gaza Strip.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 01:37, an Israeli drone fired a missile near Mahmoud Hamzah al-Farah’s 60sqm summer house located on a 1-dunum land in an agricultural area in al-Mawasi, southwest of Khan Younis.  Few minutes, later an IOF warplane fired a missile at the house and destroyed it completely causing a huge crater.  As a result, Ahmed Mohammed ‘Abdullah al-Shahri (27) was killed and his body was retrieved from the rubble, while Khamis Ayman Khamis ‘Abdin (24) sustained wounds and bruises in the head, back and hands.  ‘Abdin stated to PCHR fieldworker that he and al-Shahri were sleeping at the summer house, which his family looks after, when they were woken up by the sound of an explosion and then a louder one.  He recalls waking up later to find himself in Nasser Hospital sustaining various injuries and then he learnt that his friend was killed.  It is noteworthy that there were no armed groups related sites near the targeted area.

This attack was part of a series of airstrikes on 12 military sites and agricultural lands across the Gaza Strip.

Later on, Avichay Adraee, Spokesperson of the Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF), said in a statement that IOF warplanes carried out several airstrikes on several Hamas targets, including a military navy site, an air defense site, another site with an anti-missile shooting simulator, military training, weapons manufacturing and storage sites; as well as, Hamas underground networks in the northern, central and southern Gaza Strip.

Refuting the Israeli claims, all initial data collected by PCHR fieldworker, who visited the targeted house and land in Khan Younis, emphasize that the targeted area is civilian as are the victims.

  • At approximately 07:00 on Sunday, 03 November 2019, IOF assigned to guard the annexation wall, opened fire at Mohammed Ahmed Mass’oud Jaradat (32), from Sela al-Harithiyah villages west of Jenin. As a result, Mohammed was shot with a live bullet to the left leg while attempting to sneak into Israel through ‘Anin village, west of the city. Mohammed was transferred to Salem military camp where a PRCS ambulance took him to Khalil Suleiman Hospital in Jenin for treatment.
  • At approximately 14:00 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed in eastern Khan Younis, sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern Khuza’ah village for few minutes; neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 09:30 on Monday, 04 November 2019, IOF stationed in eastern Khan Younis, sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern Khuza’ah village for few minutes; neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 20:00 on Monday, 04 November 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed adjacent to western Jabalia shore, north of the Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire and chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 – 6 nautical miles. As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 05:40 on Tuesday, 05 November 2019, assigned to guard the annexation wall, opened fire at Faisal Ibrahim Ghanamah (24), from Sela al-Harithiyah village, west of Jenin. As a result, Ghanamah was shot with 2 live bullets in the legs while attempting to sneak into Israel through Thuhor al-‘Abed village, southwest of Jenin. Ghanamah was transferred via a PRCS ambulance to Khalil Suleiman Hospital in Jenin for treatment.
  • At approximately 07:30 on the same Tuesday, Israeli gunboats stationed adjacent to western Jabalia shore, north of the Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire and chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles. As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 01:50 on Wednesday, 06 November 2019, Israeli soldiers stationed adjacent to eastern al-Shoka village, east of Rafah, opened fire at Palestinian agricultural lands; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:30 on the same Wednesday, Israeli soldiers stationed adjacent to eastern Khan Younis, south of the Gaza strip, opened fire at Palestinian agricultural lands in eastern al-Qararah village; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on the same Wednesday, Israeli gunboats stationed in northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire and chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles. The shooting continued from time to time until 09:00 on the same day morning. As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 15:00 on the same Wednesday, IOF moved into al-Thaher area, south of Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron, claiming that they were stoned from behind the border fence adjacent to “Carmi Tsur” settlement established on Palestinian confiscated lands. The soldiers raided a house were a number of construction workers presented in the area and then arrested Rami Tawfiq al-‘Alami (17), taking him into the mentioned settlement. The soldiers fired rubber bullets at a number of children, who were in the area. As a result, Omer ‘Arafat Za’aqiq (17), was shot with a rubber bullet to the left leg. He was transferred to a military camp in “Carmi Tsur”

Second: Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 31 November 2019:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Kafr Qalil village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Ahmed Ali Sabri’s (29) house, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Fourik village, east of Nablus. They raided and searched Murad Rebhi Nasasra’s (37) house, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ramallah, and stationed in al-Irsal neighborhood. They surrounded the house of the former MP Khaleda Kanan Mohammed Jarrar (56). IOF raided and searched her house then she was arrested and taken to the investigation center at “Ofer” prison, southwest of Ramallah. It should be mentioned that Jarrar has been banned from travelling internationally since 1998. Then an administrative detention was issued against her on April 2015, and then she was released on 28 February 2019, after serving a total of 20 months in detention since July 2017.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Batn al-Hawa and al-Teera neighborhoods in Ramallah. They raided and searched the house of prisoner Samer Mina al-Arabeed (44); no arrests were reported. It should be noted that on 25 September 2019, al-Arabeed was arrested and taken to “Ofer” detention at “al-Maskoubeya” investigation center in Jerusalem where he was tortured, and accused of participating in “Ein Bubin” explosion in Deir Ibzi, west of Ramallah on 23 August 2019. IOF also raided and searched Waleed Mohammed Hanatsha’s house, the financial director at Union of Health Work Committees, who was arrested since 03 October 2019.
  • At approximately 04:40, IOF moved into al-Beira, and stationed in al-Baloa’ neighborhood north of the city. They raided and searched Ali Abdulraheem Jaradat’s (64) house, and searched their ID cards and then arrested him. I should be noted that Jaradat is a journalist and writer, and he spent a total 14 years in IOF prisons on separate periods.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Aida refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses then arrested (3) civilians: Alaa Hmaidan Mtour (27); Araz Akram al-Wa’ra (23); and Fadi Darweesh Abu Srour (39).
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Zwata village, west of Nablus, and stationed around the Palestinian special police forces’ station. IOF established a temporary military checkpoint at the entrance of the village, checked civilians vehicles and ID cards. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into Wadi al-Joz neighborhood, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem’s old city. They raided and searched Hanadi Mohammed al-Halawani’s (38) house, and her husband’s store, Ibrahim Abdullah Abu Ghalya (51). IOF then took Ibrahim to al-Maskoubeya investigation center in the West Jerusalem.

Al-Halawani said that IOF stormed and searched her house, arrested her husband and scared her little son, Mohammed, and confiscated cameras and surveillances devices from her house while she was outside. It should be mentioned that Hanadi is one of al-Aqsa Mosque female guards who was ordered to keep a distance of 200 meters from Bab al-Silsila for two months. Additionally, she was banned from entering al-Aqsa Mosque for six months two weeks ago. For the second day in row, IOF is targeting the female guards’ houses, as they raided and searched Ayda al-Sidawi’s (59) house.

  • At approximately 20:00, IOF, stationed at Za’tara checkpoint, south of Nablus, arrested Ahmed Amer Nour (22) from Anabta, east of Tulkarm, and took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Beit Oula, Nuba, Bani Na’em, in Hebron; Izbet al-Tabeb village, east of Qalqelya; Murda village, north of Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 1 November 2019:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Ramallah, and stationed in al-Masyoun neighborhood. They raided and searched Hassan Khader Ishtaya’s (52) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Beit Loqya, southwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ahmed Mohammed Bader’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Jalazon refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Abdullah Jamal Mubarak’s (36) house and arrested him. It should be noted that the abovementioned civilian was a former prisoner for 5 years.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood in al-Issaweya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Faisal Lo’ay Abed’s (18) house and arrested him.

IOF carried out (6) incursions in Dura and Hebron villages; Ya’bod village, southwest of Jenin; Qariout village, southeast of Nablus; Kafl Hares, north of Salfit; Azoun village, east of Qalqelya. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 2 November 2019:

  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya secondary school, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They stormed and searched the school yard and classes, then they hit the student Saleh Taha al-Taweel (16), the school head teacher, and the school guard, then they arrested them. Mahmoud Fayez Mahmoud, a member of school parents committee in al-Issaweya, said that IOF stormed the school and arrested the student al-Taweel after beaten him. IOF also attacked Tareq Jalajel, the school head teacher, the school guard, and another student, then they threw sound bombs. Mahmoud said that the member of school parents committee in al-Issaweya announced the school strikes in all the village’s schools to protest against the IOF attack on the sanctity of the school and endanger the lives of students.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF, stationed in al-Jeep military checkpoint, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, arrested Wadea’ Abdulrazik Farraj (26), from Bethlehem while he was back from his work through this checkpoint. He was taken to an unknown destination.

IOF carried out (7) incursions in Hebron and Yeta villages ; Ain Yabrud, Beit Loqya, Kafr Malek, Kafr Ne’ma villages, in Ramallah; Hibla village, south of Qalqelya. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 03 November 2019:

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Bab Hata neighborhood, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses, and arrested (3) civilians: Rowad Ma’moun al-Razim (24); Wissam Mohammed Thalji Sidr (29); and Yousif Khaled al-Loulou (23).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Nablus. They raided and searched several houses, and arrested (2) civilians: Kamal Ibrahim Abu Zarifa (58) from al-Jabal al-Shamali in Nablus; and Mohammed Eid Sbaih Sobhi Tabanja (39) from Khilla al-Amoud, south of Nablus.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. They raided and searched Maher Mohammed Harb’s (48) house, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:45, IOF moved into Jenin. They raided and searched several houses, and arrested Rami Hisham Abu Farha (23); and Aseel Dia’ al-Zara’eni (27).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Bet Fourik village, east of Nablus. They raided and searched Ayman Arif Haj Mohammed’s (55) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Raba village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched Khaled Basel al-Bazour’s (30) and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved to Dura village, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in al-Sharaf neighborhood. They raided and searched Moa’taz Ali Abu Znaid’s (22) house. Before the withdrawal, IOF handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli intelligence service in “Gosh Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At the same time, IOF moved into al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Dawoud Zakaria Mousa’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into ‘Awerta village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses from which they arrested Nabih Abdul ‘Aziz ‘Awad (57) and Mohammed Sa’eed Yusuf ‘Awad (34).
  • At the same time, IOF moved into ‘Asirah northern village, north of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Ja’afar Omer Abul ‘Aziz Rawajbah (23), ‘Ali Nour Eden Daraghmah (38) and ‘Ali Omer Hamed al-Shuoli (22).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into ‘Arabah village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched a house of Mahmoud Mustafa Mardawi (23), a student at the American Arab School in Jenin, and arrested him. It should be noted that most of the abovementioned arrestees, from north of Ramallah, are activists at the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al-Sowanah neighborhood, north of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They arrested Fadi ‘Arafat al-Hadmi (43), Minister of Jerusalem Affairs, from his house after attacking him in front of his family. Al-Hadmi, who was arrested for the third time and summoned for dozens of times since he took office, was taken to an investigation center in occupied Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 20:00, an Israeli Infantry unit raided and searched ‘Emad ‘Awni Abu Shamsiyah’s (45) house in Tal al-Ramidah neighborhood in Area classified (H2) in the center of Hebron, searching for young men IOF claimed had entered it. An Israeli officer ordered Abu Shamsiyah and his son ‘Awni, who had a surgery on his left leg 3 days ago, to tell him about the young men, who were in their house. After a fight erupted between Abu Shamsiyah, his son and the soldiers, the latter attacked ‘Awni and kicked him on his wounded leg. Fayzah (40), ‘Awni’s mother, attempted to intervene to stop ‘Awni’s arrest, but the soldiers pushed her away and she fell on the ground. The soldiers also attacked ‘Awni’s father and Bassam Rajab Abu ‘Aishah (60), who was in the house, when he also intervened. An hour later, the soldier arrested ‘Awni; he was later released to the Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS), which arrived at the military checkpoint (56). IOF fired live bullets in the air to disperse the crowding civilians and arrested Abu ‘Aishah and Fayzah Abu Shamsiyah, taking them to detention center in “Kiryat Arba” settlement, east of the city. At approximately 00:00, Fayzah Abu Shamsiyah was released and fined with NIS 500 until the court appointment, while Abu ‘Aishah was transferred to “Ofer” military prison, southwest of Ramallah.
  • IOF carried out incursions in al-‘Aroub refugee camp and Karmah village in Hebron; and Hablah village, south of Qalqiliyah.

Monday,04 November 2019:

  • At approximately 00:15, IOF moved into Nablus and stationed in al-Makhfiyah neighborhood, west of the city. They raided and searched student accommodation on Mahmoud Abdul Rahim Street and arrested Mustafa Suleiman Khalil Abu al-Rab (21), a student at En-Najah National University from Sir Village, southeast of Jenin.
  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into ‘Asirah northern village, north of Nablus. They raided and searched ‘Ala’a Monther Sawalmah’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved to Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. They raided and searched Oday Shawqi Staiti’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Fayeq Nassif Habash (28); Mohammed Habash (32) and Mohammed Younis (26).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mo’men Abd al-Ghaffar Abu Shamseya (22) and Ahmed Mohammed al-Yamani (35), and then arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Ram village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ibrahim Sameer Kana’an’s (45) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Yeta village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mousa Gabriel al-Amour (30) and Hasan Ibrahim al-Harini (28), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Izareya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the house of the Palestinian Police Officer Amjad Na’em al-Khateeb (52). IOF took him and his son Na’em (16) to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Nazlet Issa village, north of Tulkarm. They searched the vehicles and the ID cards and arrested Owda Reyad Owda Tholthen (25), from Kafr al-Lobad, east of the village; he was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Kafr Na’ma village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Tamer Abdu’s (20) house, and then arrested him. It should be noted that Tamer was a former prisoner.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Deir Abu Misha’l village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Saleh Ahmed Ata’s (25) house, and arrested him.
  • IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem three times on this day, during which they arrested Mohammed Ramzi Mhaisen (13) while he was standing in front of his house and took him to an unknown destination. IOF also arrested 3 other children: Isma’el Yousif Mhaisen (15); Waseem Eyad Dari (17); and Omar Ahmed Mahmoud (14).

IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tulkarm; Faroun village, south of the city; Hawara village, south of Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 05 November 2019:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested 3 civilians, including a child. The arrestees were identified as ‘Issa Ahmed ‘Abed al-Fatah Ta’amrah (22), Hasan Mohamed Hasan Moqbel (25), and Yaseen ‘Adel Ahmed Za’aqeeq (16).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched Waseem Ja’far Abu ‘Isha (20) house and then arrested him.

IOF carried out (8) incursions in Qalqiliyia, Fer’itah and Kafur Qaddoum villages, northeast of the city; Dura and al-Dahiriyia villages in Hebron; and Serda, Kafur Ni’mah and Abu Qash villages in Ramallah and al-Bierah. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 06 November 2019:

 

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into ‘Aydah refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mohamed Hamdi al-Masa’eed (25) and Ashraf Mahmoud al-Shaiekh (19) and then arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-‘Izzah refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Nawaf Isma’il al-Qaisi’s (45) house and then arrested him. It should be noted that al-Qaisi was arrested, noting that he is a cancer patient and suffers poor health condition.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-‘Issawiyia village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested 3 civilians, including 2 children. The arrestees were identified as Akram Ghadeb ‘Obaid (17), Mohamed Sami ‘Obaid (15) and Majd Basheer Ahmed (18).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Beit Jala and stationed in al-Jadawel neighborhood. They raided and searched Mohamed Nader Jawarish (17) house and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles headed to Abu Safiyia Gate, 50 meters to the west of border fence, northeast of Jabalia, north of the Gaza Strip. They leveled and combed lands that were previously leveled amidst Israeli sporadic shooting.  No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:00, Israeli forces arrested Mohamed Naser Hussain al-Badawi (17) while present in al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. He was then taken to an unknown destination.
  • On evening hours, IOF arrested Jamal Mousa Hasan al-Zaini (57), from Khan Yunis, while traveling via Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing in northern Gaza Strip. According to the Palestinian Liaison, IOF detained al-Zaini and interrogated him before informing them that he was arrested. Al-Zaini’s wife said to PCHR’s fieldworker that her husband left his house on Wednesday morning and headed to Eres Crossing in order to travel to the West Bank through businessman permit. She added that she knew that her husband was arrested though media.

IOF carried out (4) incursions in Hebron, Samou’a, Bani Na’iem and Sureef. No arrests were reported.

  1. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem
  1. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities

 

  • On Thursday, 31 October 2019, IOF hanged notices and maps on the steel fence, erected as a 1st step towards the completion of the annexation wall, southwest of Jenin. The notices announced the continued seizure of large parts of Jenin lands, for the 15th Rabee’ Abu Baker, Public Relations Officer in Ya’bod Municipality, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF issued a decision to renew the seizure of 409 dunums from Ya’bod, Barta’ah, al-‘Arqah, Zebdah, Nazlet al-Yad, and Daher al-‘Abed villages as a prelude to the completion of the annexation wall. These notices and maps were signed by Nadav Padan, IOF Commander in Judea and Samaria.
  • On Saturday, 02 November 2019, Israeli authorities notified Hezmah and al-Ram villages, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, of the confiscation of hundreds of Palestinians’ dunums for settlement expansion. Mayor of Hezmah Municipality, Musallam Abu Helo, said that the Israeli authorities handed the Palestinian Liaison a notice to seize at least 500 dunums from Hezmah village, which is located adjacent to “Adam” settlement and 3 others. It should be noted that Hezmah village connects the West Bank’s north with its south, and is one of the main roads for Jerusalem-West Bank traffic. Mayor of al-Ram Municipality, Raqi al-Ghazawnah, said that the Palestinian Liaison handed the municipality decisions to seize a total of 39.9 dunums of al-Ram village lands. It should be noted that the Israeli authorities recently escalated its seizure policy in the West Bank and occupied Jerusalem.
  • On Saturday, IOF distributed notices and maps to seize 126 dunums from Majdal Bani Fadel village, southeast of Nablus, for the expansion of 3-km street that connects the village’s intersection to the checkpoint of ”Ma’ale Ephraim”
  • On Sunday, 03 November 2019, IOF distributed notices and maps signed by Nadav Padan, IOF Commander in Judea and Samaria, to seize 36 dunums from Tubas village and expand “Psagot “settlement in northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas.
  • On Monday, 04 November 2019, Israeli authorities notified dozens of Palestinians in al-Jab’a village, southwest of Bethlehem, of an order to seize 2000 dunums from their agricultural lands in order to expand “Beit Ayin” settlement, established on the lands of al-Jab’a, Nahaleen, Sureef, and Safa villages. Diab Masha’lah, Head of al-Jab’a village council, said that dozens of Palestinians found seizure notices placed in their lands in Nassar Mount, Wadi al-Khanzeer, and al-Khour areas while heading to harvest olive trees. The notices concerned at least 2000 dunums located adjacent to the annexation wall. Masha’lah added that “Beit Ayin” settlement’s settlers flooded a plot of land belonging to Mohamed Ibrahim Abu Loha with water in order to prevent his sons from harvesting the olive trees.
  • In the same context, on Monday, the Israeli authorities distributed notices to seize 66 dunums from Beit Doqo village lands, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem. A press release issued by the village council stated that Israeli authorities handed the Palestinian Liaison decisions to seize 66 dunums from the village lands. It should be noted that during this week Israeli authorities issued many seizure notices for thousands of dunums from different areas in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem for settlement expansion.
  • On the same day, Beit Loqiyia Municipality stated in a press release that IOF handed a military decision to seize 150 dunums from the village, west of Ramallah. The municipality clarified that it contacted the Wall and Settlement Resistance Authority and competent bodies to follow –up on the issue.
  • On the same day, the Israeli authorities issued notices to seize 243 dunums from the lands of Sureef village, northwest of Hebron. Mohamed ‘Edwan, Mayor of Sureef Municipality, said that Palestinian farmers found notices to seize their lands in Khelet Abu Ghnaim, al-Mansarah, and ‘Ain Hamam areas near “Beit Ayin” settlement. The mentioned lands belong to Ghanimat Family.
  • On Tuesday, 05 November 2019, IOF distributed notices and maps signed by Nadav Padan, IOF Commander in Judea and Samaria, to seize 60.4 dunums from the lands of Jablun and Faqou’a villages, northeast of Jenin. The decision enters into force from the date of its signature and ends on 31 December 2022. The owners of these lands have the right to challenge within 7 days through the Liaison and Coordination Office or the Legal Adviser Office in Jenin.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, the Israeli Municipality bulldozers demolished a residential building belonging to Mo’tasem Mahmoud ‘Abasi in Abu Tayieh neighborhood in Silwan, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Al-‘Abasi said that the Israeli Municipality staff accompanied with a large number of police officers, border guard officers and special forces, surrounded his residential building, forced them out and proceeded to demolish it. Al-‘Abasi said that he managed to delay the demolition decision several times before, but he did not know that the court approved the decision. Al-‘Abasi clarified that his building was established in 2011 and in 2018 he paid a fine for the Israeli Municipality estimated at NIS 72,000, in addition to paying a monthly bill of NIS 1255 to avoid the demolition. Al-‘Abasi added that his building comprised of 2 story; each one built on an area of 100 square meters and sheltered 9 persons. It should be noted that Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished 6 shops belonging to Al-‘Abasi family in last June.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Tuesday, Israeli Municipality staff moved into many neighborhoods in al-‘Issawiyia village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. Mohamed Abu al-Humus, Head of the Follow-up Committee in al-‘Issawiya village, said that the municipality staff took photos of buildings and streets and distributed 10 notices as well as summonses under the pretext of building without licensing.
  • On the same day, Haaretz Newspaper stated that the Israel’s housing cabinet approved to build a cable-car route adjacent to al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem. The route would reportedly pass from West Jerusalem’s German Colony district over the Mount of Olives to the al-Magharebah Gate adjacent to East Jerusalem’s al-Aqsa Mosque compound. The cable -car will ferry up to 3,000 people an hour about 1.4km (0.9 miles) from West Jerusalem to the Western Wall in occupied East Jerusalem. According to Israel Hayoum, the service will operate 73 cable cars per hour with each able to carry 10 people. The plan has drawn widespread opposition from architects, local Palestinian residents and environmentalists who criticized the expected damage to the historic landscape of the Old City. In addition, critics say the cable car will not solve the area’s transportation and access problems. They also said that the project would mar Jerusalem’s Old City and bolster the Jewish presence in the Palestinian neighborhood of Silwan.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Wednesday, 06 November 2019, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with a vehicle of the Israeli Civil Adminstration moved into Mughair al-‘Abid area, southeast of Yatta, south of Hebron. They demolished 2 residential tents belonging to Mohamed ‘Ali Mohamed Dababsah and ‘Amer Mohamed Dababsah, in addition to demolishing and confiscating a livestock barn belonging to Nuzha Makhamrah, under the pretext of non-licensing. It should be noted that the tents were donated by PRCS after destroying their houses few months ago. Furthermore, IOF notified Mohamed ‘Ali Dababsah to demolish his house built 2 weeks ago within 96 hours.

        

  1. Israeli Settler Violence

 

  • On Friday, 01 November 2019, farmers from Dir Hatab village, east of Nablus, were shocked to find their olives already harvested by settlers from “Alon Moreh The olive trees are located in Khelet Shehada, Khelet Abu Ramlah, Bab al-Maghar, Ras Hazem, and Khelet Skik. The trees belong to Shehada ‘Abed al-Baqi Shehada ‘Amer, Nedal ‘Ali Dawoud Zamel, and Hussain Qasem Hussain. The farmers discovered that at least 30 olive trees planted 70 years ago from Shehada ‘Amer’s land were uprooted in order for the construction of a road connecting between 2 settler-houses built in the area and a barn for an Israeli settler.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 02 November 2019, an Israeli settler attempted to enter a plot of land belonging to Badawi Jadallah for breeding his livestock. Jadallah’s land is located near “Negohot” settlement, which is established on Palestinians’ lands in southern Dura, southwest of Hebron. Jadallah attempted to prevent the settler from entering the land, meanwhile, an Israeli force arrived at the area and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • On Sunday, 03 November 2019, Palestinian farmers entered their lands in al-Talmah area, north of al-Sawiyia village in southern Nablus, upon a prior security coordination. The farmers were surprised that their crops were already harvested by settlers from “Rahim” settlement, and then called media and Palestinian Liaison to inform them about what happened. These lands belong to Fayiq Sa’ied Abu Ras and his sons, Bashar Saleh Metleq Abu Ras and his sons, ‘Amer Mousa Abu Ras and his sons, ‘Odah ‘Abed al-Kareem al-Khatib, Nawaf ‘Izz al-Deen al-Khatib, Ghaleb Saleh Sa’ied, and Mahmoud Faisal Sa’ied. Afterwards, IOF expelled the farmers from their lands, confiscated their belongings and canceled the security coordination until further notice. It should be noted that IOF prevents Palestinian farmers from entering their lands, which are isolated behind the annexation wall and surrounded by settlements, and only allows them in during the olive harvesting season.
  • On Tuesday, 05 November 2019, Palestinian farmers were allowed to enter their lands in Area C for harvesting olive trees, upon a prior security coordination. Tayseer Mostafa Basheer al-Nobani and his family, from the Eastern Laban neighborhood, headed to their 30-dunum- plot of land near “Eli” settlement and found out that it was harvested by settlers.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

West Bank

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 42 temporary checkpoints and arrested 3 civilians.

 

The military checkpoint were as follows:

 

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 31 October 2019, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhoul village, and at the entrances to Samou’a and Ethna villages.
  • On Friday, 01 November 2019, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Shayyoukh, al-Dahiriyia and Beit Ummer villages, and at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Saturday, 02 November 2019, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhoul village, and between Beit ‘Awaa and Samou’a villages.
  • On Sunday, 03 November 2019, 4 similar checkpoints were established at the entrances to Beit Ummer, al-Shayyoukh and al-Moreq villages, and at the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp.
  • On Tuesday, 05 November 2019, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Ethna, Beit Kahel and al-Majd villages, at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp, and on Khelet al-Mayaa road in Yatta.
  • On Wednesday, 06 November 2019, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Shayyoukh and al-Hadab villages.

Ramallah and al-Bireh:

  • On Friday, 01 November 2019, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Nabi Saleh, Dir Abu Mish’al, and al-Moghair villages, and at the intersection of “Hemlish” settlement.
  • On Saturday, 02 November 2019, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Nabi Saleh and Dir Abu Mish’al villages, and at ‘Ain Sina Square.
  • On Sunday, 03 November 2019, a similar checkpoint was established at the entrance to Ras Karkar village.
  • On Monday, 04 November 2019, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Dir Abu Mish’al village and on al-Mo’arajat Road.

Qalqiliyah:

  • At approximately 18:40 on Thursday, 31 October 2019, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.
  • At approximately 21:30, a similar checkpoint was established at Jeet village intersection, northeast of the city.
  • On Sunday, 03 October 2019, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia, and at the entrances to Heblah and Jal’oud villages.
  • At approximately 20:40 on Tuesday, 05 November 2019, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Jeet village, northwest if Qalqiliyia.
  • At approximately 22:45, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to the city.
  • At approximately 09:20 on Wednesday, 06 November 2019, a similar checkpoint was established at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.

Salfit:

  • At approximately 19:00 on Thursday, 31 October 2019, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Kaful Hares village, north of Salfit.
  • At approximately 23:15 on Saturday, 02 October 2019, a similar checkpoint was established at the northern entrance to Salfit village.
  • At approximately 18:20 on Tuesday, 05 November 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kafur al-Deek village, west of Salfit

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (31 October – 06 November)

Weekly report on israel’s terrorism on Palestinians (10 – 16 Oct. 2019)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (10 – 16 October 2019)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (10 – 16 October 2019)

Israeli violations of human rights in the occupied Palestinian territory 

10 – 16 October 2019 

  • Great March of Return in Eastern Gaza Strip: 78 civilians injured, including 31 children.
  • West Bank: 4 civilians injured, including a child in the West Bank 
  • During 74 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 65 civilians arrested, including 5 children and 5 women
  • Israeli forces raided the Public Administration office of the Union of Health Work committee 
  • 4 houses demolished in Hebron and Bethlehem, and a civilian was forced to self-demolish his house in Jerusalem 
  • Hundreds of settlers raided al-Aqsa Mosque yards in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and performed prayers 
  • Settlers attacked 2 volunteer foreigners in Burin village, in Nablus and farms in Bethlehem 
  • 6 shootings reported against Palestinian agricultural lands, eastern Gaza Strip, and 4 shootings reported against Palestinian fishing boats off Gaza Strip Shore 
  • Israeli forces closed the Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron for 2 days due to Jewish holidays 
  • Complete closure imposed on the Gaza Strip and the West Bank for Jewish holidays                                                
  • 49 temporary checkpoints erupted in the West Bank, where 2 Palestinian civilians were arrested. 

 

Summary 

During the reporting period, PCHR documented 157 violations of the international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli forces and settlers in the occupied Palestinian territory.

As part of the Israeli violations of the right to life and bodily integrity, Israeli forces wounded 78 Palestinian civilians, including 31 children, on 78th Friday of the Great March of Return in the Gaza Strip. Meanwhile in the West Bank, the Israeli forces wounded 4 Palestinian civilians, including a child near the annexation wall.

It was notable that for the past two weeks, shooting incidents against Palestinian civilians attempting to sneak into Israel without permits through the annexation wall, north of the West Bank, escalated. Israel had left gateways in the wall for Palestinian farmers to access their lands behind the wall; however, Palestinians use these gates to sneak into Israel for work. PCHR’s investigations affirm that Israeli occupation forces could have arrested those young men or keeping them away from the annexation wall without resorting to fire.

As part of the Israeli incursions and house raids, Israel carried out 74 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, and raided civilian houses, attacking and enticing fear among residents in addition to shooting in many incidents. As a result, 65 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children and 5 women. During this week, as part of its policy to restrict the work of civil society organizations, Israeli occupation forces raided the office of UHWC in al-Birah, Ramallah and damaged its equipment and contents. Two weeks ago, the Israeli occupation forces raided the head office of ADDAMEER Prisoner Support and Human Rights Association in Ramallah.

As part of Israeli attacks against Palestinian fishermen in the Gaza Strip, 4 shootings were reported by the Israeli gunboats against the Palestinian fishing boats at sea within the allowed limited area for fishing while 6 shootings were reported against the agricultural lands in eastern Gaza Strip in addition to one limited incursion into the northern Gaza Strip.

Under the settlement expansion activities in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 4 violations relevant to house demolitions, including 5 houses in Hebron and Bethlehem and 8 attacks by settlers, including attacking 2 international volunteers in Burin village in Nablus and a famer in Bethlehem in addition to puncturing vehicles’ tires in Salfit.

In terms of the Israeli closure policy, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation in the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods and ongoing isolation of the Gaza Strip from the West Bank and the rest of the world. Meanwhile, the West Bank is divided into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilians’ movement is restricted and others are arrested.

Moreover, during the reporting period, Israel imposed a complete closure on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip for Jewish Holidays that will start on Sunday morning, 13 October 2019, and end on Monday, 21 October 2019.  According to Israeli occupation forces’ declaration, the West Bank and Gaza strip crossings, will be closed during this period except for urgent cases that includes people, who have special permits.

 

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity 
  1. Excessive Use of Force against the Great March of Return in the Gaza Strip

Israeli occupation forces continued its excessive use of lethal force against the “Great March of Return” peaceful demonstrations organized by Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the peaceful protests in the West Bank against Israeli occupation forces’ crimes and settlement activities.

According to fieldworkers’ observations, the 78th Friday titled: “Our Martyr Children,” witnessed large participation of civilians aced with excessive and lethal force by Israeli forces despite the peaceful nature of the demonstrations. At approximately 15:00 on 04 October 2019, protests started across the five GMR encampments until 19:00, and involved activities such as speeches and theatrical performances. Hundreds of civilians protested at varied distances from the border fence across the Gaza Strip, and threw stones, firecrackers and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli forces. As a result, 78 civilians were injured, including 31 children. PCHR’s fieldworkers documented thar 2 civilians, including 2 children, sustained serious wounds while 22 others were shot with live bullets and their shrapnel in addition to others being shot in the upper body due to targeting them directly with rubber bullets and tear gas canisters.

The incidents were as follows:

 

  • Northern Gaza Strip: Israeli occupation forces’ attacks against protestors resulted in the injury of 21 civilians, including 8 children: 6, including a child, were shot with live bullets and shrapnel; 11, including 4 children, were shot with rubber bullets; and 4, including 3 children, were hit with tear gas canisters. Samer Wael Rajab al-Refi (23), from al-Toufah neighborhood, sustained serious wounds after being shot with a live bullet in his neck.
  • Gaza City: Israeli forces’ attacks against protestors resulted in the injury of 6 civilians, including 2 children: 3 with live bullets and shrapnel; and 3 with rubber bullets.
  • Central Gaza Strip: Israeli shooting and firing tear gas canisters at protestors resulted in the injury of 15 civilians, including 10 childrenone of them deemed in critical condition: 10 were shot with live bullets and shrapnel, and 5 were hit with tear gas canisters. All of them were then taken to al-Aqsa Hospital, where their injuries ranged between minor and moderate. Furthermore, dozens of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and received medical treatment on the spot while others were taken to hospitals. Bahaa’ Mostafa Salama Abu Rokaab (17), from al-Zawayda village, sustained serious wounds after being shot with a live bullet in his abdomen.
  • Khan Younis: Israeli forces fired live and rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at the protestors, wounding 11 civilians, including 3 children; one of them deemed in extremely critical condition. All of them were transferred to hospitals. Among those wounded, a civilian was shot with a live bullet, and 5 were shot with rubber bullets and hit with tear gas canisters. In addition, many civilians sustained superficial bullet wounds and suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. They received treatment on the spot. ‘Alaa Hani al-‘Abasi (13) sustained serious wounds after being hit with a tear gas canister in his head. He was then taken to the Gaza European Hospital to receive treatment.
  • Rafah: Israeli shooting and firing tear gas canisters at protestors resulted in the injury of 25 civilians, including 8 children; 4 of them were shot with live bullets and shrapnel, 20 were shot with rubber bullets, and one was directly hit with a tear gas canister.
  1. Excessive use of force in the West Bank:
  • At approximately 13:30 on Friday, 11 October 2019, Palestinians from Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah launched their weekly peaceful protest and headed towards the village’s eastern entrance that has been closed by Israeli forces for the past 16 years in favor of “Kedumim” settlement. The demonstrators chanted national slogans demanding end of the occupation and protested the Israeli forces’ crimes against Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. The protestors threw stones at the Israeli soldiers stationed behind sand berms while the soldiers fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, Ahmed Emad Shtaiwi (19) was shot with a live bullet to the chest. Moreover, a number of civilians suffered tear gas inhalation.
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 06:00 on Thursday, 10 October 2019, Israeli forces assigned to guard the annexation wall fired live bullets at Mahmoud Bahjat Amin Jaradat (39), from al-Silah al-Harithiyah village, west of Jenin while. As a result, Mahmoud was shot with a live bullet to the right leg while attempting to sneak into Israel through the gate in the wall established on lands Thuhor al-‘Abed village, west of Ya’bud village, southwest of Jenin. He was then taken to Khalil Suleiman Hospital in Jenin to receive medical treatment.
  • At approximately 09:00, Israeli occupation forces stationed in eastern Khan Younis border area fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands in eastern Khuza’ah village. The shooting sporadically continued for half an hour; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:30 on Friday, 11 October 2019, Israeli forces assigned to guard the annexation wall fired live bullets at Ahmed Bassam Mohammed Kamil (25), from Qabatiyah village, southeast of Jenin. As a result, he was shot with a live bullet in the foot while attempting to sneak into Israel through the gate established on lands of Thuhor al-‘Abed village, west of Ya’bud village, southwest of Jenin.
  • At approximately 07:45 on Friday, 11 October 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, opened fire and chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles. The shooting continued until 10:00 on the same day. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 06:40 on Saturday, 12 October 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, opened fire and chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 06:40 on Sunday, 13 October 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire and chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 14:30 on the Same day, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence, in eastern al-Shuhada’a cemetery, east of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Jabalia Municipality crew, who were working in the landfill area. As a result, a live bullet hit the equipment; no casualties were reported. It should be noted that the municipality crew obtained a permit from the Palestinian General Authority for Civil Affairs (GACA) for their equipment, which include 2 bulldozers. It should be noted that at approximately 12:00 on Wednesday, 09 October 2019, Israeli occupation forces opened fire at the same crew in the same area despite obtaining a permit from the GACA.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 14 October 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed in western Rafah shore in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 08:00 on the same day, Israeli forces stationed in eastern Kahn Younis border area opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern ‘Abasan al-Kabirah for few minutes; no casualties were reported. At approximately 15:10, Israeli forces opened fire again at agricultural lands in eastern Khuza’ah and al-Fukhari villages; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:30 on the same day, Israeli soldiers stationed in eastern al-Shoka border area, east of Rafah, opened fire at the agricultural lands; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Tuesday, 10 October 2019, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence in eastern al-Shoka village, east of Rafah, opened fire at Shepherds. As a result, the shepherds were forced to leave the area; no casualties were reported.

At approximately 07:00 on Wednesday, 16 October 2019, Israeli forces opened fire at Bara’a Mohammed Fareez Te’mah (17), from Qifin village, north of Tulkarm. As a result,  Mohammed was shot with a rubber bullet to the right hand while attempting to sneak into Israeli through the annexation wall’s gate established on lands of Thohur al-‘Abed village, southwest of Jenin.

 

Second: Incursions and Arrests

 

Thursday, 10 October 2019: 

  • At approximately 02:15, Israeli occupation forces moved into Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to Sultan Kamal al-Sa’di (27) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli occupation forces, reinforced by heavy military vehicles, moved into Dura village, southwest of Hebron and stationed in al-Hijra neighborhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ahmed Ishaq Abu Hushhush (33). He was then arrested and taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli occupation forces, reinforced by heavy military vehicles, moved into Beit Owa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Bara’ Isma’el al-Masalma (24) and Eyad Ra’ed al-Masalma (27). He was then arrested and taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 07:00, Israeli occupation forces moved into al-Auja village, northeast of Jericho. They raided and searched a house belonging to Abdullah Khaled Ajouri (33) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:20, Israeli occupation forces moved into Deir Nizam village, northwest of Ramallah, and stationed in al-Hadeeqa area, where there was event organized by Deir al-Nizam high School in cooperation with al-Ro’ya International Foundation. Dozens of school students and young men gathered on the main street and threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers, who fired in response teargas canisters. As a result, a number of students and teachers suffered teargas inhalation and they were treated on the spot. Furthermore, they arrested Ramiz Mohammed Yehya al-Tamimi (13) and took him to “Helmish” investigation center. He was released at approximately 23:40 on the same day.

Note: Israeli occupation forces carried out (9) incursions in Hebron and Dora villages in Hebron; Jeious and Qalqilya in Qalqilya; Beit Led in Tulkarm; ‘Aboud and Deir Abu Mesha’al in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 11 October 2019:

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli occupation forces moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Samir Hasan Hashash (22) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli occupation forces, reinforced by heavy military vehicles, moved into Bani Na’em village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mahmoud Mohammed al-Khadour, and then handed his two sons; Mohammed (24) and Khalil (27) summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence service in “Ghosh ‘Etzion”, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 05:15, Israeli occupation forces, reinforced by heavy military vehicles, moved into al-Bira village and stationed in Sateh Marhaba neighborhood. They raided and searched head office of UHWC in Sateh Marhaba neighborhood, and fired teargas canisters. Ali Ahmed Mahmoud Abdulrahman, the Chairman of the Board of Directors of UHWC said to PCHR’s fieldworker: “At approximately 07:00, I was at my house in Abi Ghoush village in Jerusalem; I received a phone call telling me that the Israeli occupation forces broke the doors and stormed UHWC head office in Sateh Marhaba. I immediately headed there and saw the two main doors were forcibly opened; they ransacked the office, disabled the phone lines and the elevator, ruined two drugs refrigerators and threw the drugs on the ground. The neighbors told me that the Israeli soldiers packed by 17 military machines stormed the head office and fired teargas canisters at approximately 05:15, and left at 06:00. Finally, there’s no justification to storm such charitable organization which does not pose any threat or danger, and its objectives are clear for serving citizens”.
  • At approximately 05:30, Israeli forces moved into Ramallah, and stationed in al-Irsal neighborhood, they raided and searched a house belonging to Hadi al-Tarsha (20) and then arrested him. Around the same time, another Israeli occupation force moved into al-Teera neighborhood, they raided and searched a house belonging to Mais Waleed Hanatsha (20) and then arrested her. It should be noted that Hadi and Mais are students at Birzeit University, and Mais’s father is a prisoner in the Israeli jails since 03 October 2019.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli occupation forces stationed in the Council Gate (Bab al-Majlis), in the occupied East Jerusalem’s old city, arrested Mohammed Musbah Abu Sbaih (17) while coming out from al-Aqsa Mosque and took him to “al-Qishla” investigation center in the old city of Jerusalem. A few hours later, he was released, provided that banned his entry to al-Aqsa Mosque for 15 days.
  • At approximately 15:00, Israeli occupation forces stationed on Beit Foriq checkpoint at the northeast entry to Nablus arrested Mohammed Ahmed Hanani (16) and ‘Aref Nazeer Hanani (15), from Beit Foriq. They arrested and took them to an unknown destination. On the morning of the next day, ‘Aref was released while they kept Mohammed arrested.
  • At approximately 18:30, Israeli occupation forces moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mahmoud Mostafa Zaid (23) and Mahmoud Yoused Zaid (18), and then arrested them.
  • Israeli occupation forces carried out (9) incursions in Hebron, al-Samou’, and Beit Umor villages in Hebron; Kafr Zibad, Deir al-Qhusoun, Anabata, Anteel, and Tulkarm in Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

 

Saturday, 12 October 2019:

 

  • Israeli occupation forces carried out (2) incursions in the northern Dora village and al-Fawwar refugee camp in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 13 October 2019:

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli occupation forces moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (11) civilians including a child namely: Mo’tasim Hamza Obaid (16); Mohammed Ibrahim Darweesh (26); Khaled Mousa Mostafa (21); Adam Shafeeq Obaid (19); Mohammed Marwan Obaid (19); Khaled Waleed Obaid (22); Deya’ Ayman Obaid (23); Hatem Hasan Zumorod (19); Nadeem Mostafa al-Safadi (19); Mohammed Mousa Hamdan (19); and Firas Akram Zagheir (24).
  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli occupation forces, reinforced by heavy military vehicles, moved into Bani Na’em village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Yehya Ali Mousa Manasra (45) and then arrested him and his daughter Maryam (21), and took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli occupation forces, reinforced by heavy military vehicles, moved into Dora, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Bassam Hamad al-Zeer (54), and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli occupation forces moved into Anabta village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Zaher ‘Amer abdulkarim Barakat (27) and Yazan Tyseer Sobhi Abduldayem (21), and then arrested them.
  • Israeli occupation forces carried out (3) incursions in Deir Samit village, al-Fawwar refugee camp, and Dora village in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 14 October 2019:

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli occupation forces moved into Salwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s old city. They raided and searched a house belonging to Adnan Tawfeq Ghaith (45), the governor of Jerusalem. And then they arrested him and took him to “al-Maskoubeya” investigation center. Lawyer Rami Othman said that Adnan Ghaith was arrested at dawn on charge of working with the Palestinian Authority (PA) inside Jerusalem, and he was released in the evening of the same day on bail of 5.000 NIS.
  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli occupying forces moved into Beit Hanina, north of occupying East Jerusalem’s old city. They raided and searched a house belonging to Shady Abdullah al-Mtour (42), the secretary of Fateh Movement in Jerusalem, and then he was arrested and taken to “al-Maskoubeya” investigation center. It should be mentioned that al-Mtour was accused on charge of working with the Palestinian Authority (PA) inside Jerusalem, and he was released at approximately 23:00 of the same day on bail of 5,000 NIS.
  • At approximately 21:30, Israeli occupation forces moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, and stationed around al-Arba’een Mosque in the center of the village, and then arrested Nasrallah Ibrahim Mhmoud (17) and Munir Darbas (23).
  • Israeli occupation forces carried out (4) incursions in Beit Umor, Surif, Karma, Beit Oula villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 15 October 2019:

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli occupation forces, reinforced by heavy military vehicles, moved into Beit Umor, north of Hebron and stationed in al-Shaikh neighborhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ali Mohammed Ali al-Allami (38) and took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that the Israeli Construction and Organization Department demolished the abovementioned house two weeks ago, claiming that the building is non-licensed.
  • Around the same time, Israeli occupying forces moved into Deir Abu Misha’al, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Ali Zahran (20) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli occupation forces moved into al-Sa’deya neighborhood, one of the Jerusalem’s old city neighborhoods. They raided and searched a house belonging to Rawhi Mahmoud al-Kalghasi (22) and then arrested him.
  • Israeli occupation forces carried out (2) incursions in Sa’eer and al-Shoyoukh villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

 

Wednesday, 16 October 2019:

                   

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli occupation forces moved into Bal’a village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ibrahim Abdul Qader Salama searching for weapons. The soldiers handcuffed Salama, and blindfolded him and then detained him in the military vehicle. They also stole NIS 10,000 from the house without giving the family a confiscation notice. Salama said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

“At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 16 October 2019, we heard sound of knocking on the door while we were sleeping. When I got up from the bed, I was startled with Israeli soldiers in front of me as they opened the door with a special tool. They raided the house, entered all room, and detained my wife and children in a room and me in another room. They then handed cuffed me and blindfolded my eyes and took me to the military vehicles outside the house. When the soldiers finished searching the house at approximately 03:30, they brought me back to the room and kept me hand cuffed and blindfolded. We found out that the soldiers stole about NIS 10,000, which belongs to my job as I own a Shawarma Restaurant and it is not strange that I have that amount of money on a daily basis.”

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli occupation forces moved into Qalqiliyah. They raided and searched 3 houses belonging to Wesam Bilal Duweiri (27), Wasfi Mohammed Dawoud (56), Hasan Ibrahim Melhem (46) and then arrested them.
  • At the same time, Israeli occupation forces backed by several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron and stationed in al-Bayadah area. They raided and searched 3 houses and then arrested Montaser Abdul Hamid Moheisen (26), Ward Ibrahim Yusuf ‘Awad (19) and ‘Ala’a Mahmoud al-‘Awawdah (26).
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli occupation forces moved into Abu dese village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Yusuf Ahmed ‘Ariqat (20) and then arrested him.
  • At the same time, an Israeli occupation forces backed by several military vehicles moved into Bani Na’im village, east of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ayoub Mohammed Rashid Tarairah (29) and the arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:15, Israeli occupation forces moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Omer Salamah Hashash (20) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli occupation forces moved into Betunia village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched a number of houses and the arrested Tha’er Mohammed ‘Ali Bader (43), his brother Ashraf (39) and Tamer (30).
  • At approximately 03:30, an Israeli occupation force backed by several military vehicles moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron and stationed in Rajm Abu Hilal area. They raided and searched 2 houses after which they arrested Saddam Husein Masharqa (28), Hamzah Nader ‘Azmi Abu Hleil (28).
  • At approximately 13:30, Israeli occupation forces moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses after which they arrested 7 civilians namely: Mohammed Mousa Mustafa (20), Mohammed Zakaria ‘Eliyan (19), Yazan Zakaria ‘Eliyan (22), Ahmed Khalid Abu Shamala (21), Younis Mohammed Abu al-Humus (23), Abdul Qader Mahmoud Abu Saimah (19) and Qasem Monir Derbas (20).
  • At approximately 08:20, Israeli occupation forces backed by a number of military construction vehicles moved about 100 meters into the south of the border fence, northeast of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip. The vehicles leveled lands that were previously leveled along with sporadic shooting at the area. At approximately 11:00 on the same day, Israeli occupation forces withdrew from the area; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 12:00, Israeli forces stationed at Qalandiya military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Ismail Amin Nawahdah (71), al-Aqsa Mosque Khatib, and took him to al-Mascubiyah detention center for investigation.

Lawyer Khaldoun Najem said that Israeli Intelligence Services released Sheikh Nawahdah at approximately 18:00 on the same day, on condition to deny him access to al-Aqsa Mosque for 11 days after investigation with him about last Friday’s speech in al-Aqsa Mosque. Israeli authorities claimed that Nawahdah incites people against them. Sheikh Nawahda stressed through investigation with him that all laws ensured the freedom of expression. Nawahdah also denied that the Friday speech was inciteful. Lawyer Najem was concerned that by arresting, Sheikh Nawahdah, Israeli occupation forces might intend to intervene in Friday’s speeches in al-Aqsa Mosque. Najem also pointed out that Israeli occupation forces adopt escalating policy towards the condition in Jerusalem, including their attempt to intervene in Friday prayer’s speeches, which is un acceptable.

  • Israeli occupation forces carried out (3) incursions in Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin; Tal village, west of Nablus; Beit Furik village, north of Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Collective Punishment:

  • At approximately 05:00 on Friday, 11 October 2019, an Israeli force backed by several military vehicles accompanied by a vehicle of the engineering unit, moved into Birzeit village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house of prisoner Yazan Husein Maghames (25), which is comprised of one floor. The soldiers detained the family members in the house’s balcony, searched the house contents and then took its measurements and made holes in the walls to demolish the house. The soldiers verbally informed the family that they will demolish the house. Maghames was arrested on 11 September 2019, by Israeli soldiers, who arrested him from his house and took him to “Ofer” prison where he was interrogated in al-Mascubiyah detention centre in Jerusalem. Maghames was charged with participation in the attack at Ein Bubin near Deir Bzai’a village, west of Ramallah on 23 August 2019, which caused the killing of Israeli female settler and injuring her father and brother.

This decision is part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against families  of Palestinian individuals accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli forces and/or settlers.

 

  1. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank including occupied East Jerusalem
  1. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities

 

  • At approximately 01:00 on Thursday, 10 October 2019, Israeli forces backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with a vehicle of the Israeli Civil Administration, an excavator and a bulldozer moved into Sha’b al-Haratheen area in southern Hebron. The military construction vehicles demolished two 20-sqaure-meter houses built of tin plates and sheds, under the pretext of non-licensing. The demolished houses belong to Jameel Mahmoud al-Ka’abnah (55) and his son Mahmoud (24). A solar panel was confiscated as well.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli forces demolished 2 houses; one of them was under-construction, in Kisan village, east of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Head of Kisan village council, Sadam ‘Abiyaat, said that Israeli forces moved into the village and demolished Ayman Ya’qoub Ghazal’s 150 square-meter house, which sheltered 4 people. The Israeli forces also demolished another 120-sqaure-meter under-construction house belonging to Sadam’s brother, Amjad. ‘Abiyaat added that the Israeli authorities moved into the village 20 days ago and notified the two siblings to demolish their houses. He pointed out that clashes erupted between the village’s residents and Israeli forces, who fired tear gas canisters and sound bombs at them during the demolition.
  • At approximately, 09:00 on the same day, Israeli forces moved into Wadi al-Makhrour area, west of Beit Jala, and raided a demolished restaurant belonging to Ramzi Qisiyah. It should be noted that the Israeli forces demolished the restaurant few weeks ago and confiscated its contents. They then returned and demolished the restaurant’s floor. Wadi al-Makhrour lands were lately attacked by the Israeli forces and settlers. Moreover, Israeli settlers set up a mobile house in the center of the area. All these attacks aim at building a settlement outpost in the center of Wadi al-Makhrour area.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 15 October 2019, Mohamed al-Atrash self-demolished 2 under-construction floors of his building in Wadi al-Humus neighborhood in Surbaher village, south of occupied East Jerusalem. The Israeli Supreme Court issued the demolition decision under the pretext that the building overlooked a security street established on the village’s lands. Hamada Hamada, Head of the Defense Committee of Wadi al-Humus Lands, said that the building is located in an area classified as Area A, according to Oslo Agreement, and its owner obtained a license from the Palestinian National Authority (PNA). However, the Israeli military governor issued a demolition decision against the building, under the pretext that it is located near a security street. He pointed out that the Israeli Supreme Court did not approve the demolition decision. Hamada added that al-Atrash self-demolished parts of his building, comprising of 4 floors built on an area of 400 square meters. Al-Atrash clarified that he was forced to implement the demotion for fear of damaging the other floors.

It should be noted that on 22 July 2019, the Israeli authorities demolished 10 residential buildings, comprising of 72 apartments; 3 of them were inhabited while the others were under-construction, in Wadi al-Humus neighborhood. They also blow-up 4 floors of Mohamed Idrees Abu Tair’s 7-floor building, under the pretext of overlooking a security street. The Israeli authorities claimed that the construction in Wadi al-Humus neighborhood obstructs the Israeli security officers’ work. Moreover, the Israeli forces refused residents’ proposed alternatives to the Israeli court, such as removing the fence and turning it into a wall or using advanced technology to prevent sneaking incidents. It is noteworthy that the Palestinian citizens in Jerusalem are living a real construction crisis, as they could not meet the complex procedures required by the Israel Municipality, in exchange for granting them construction permits. These procedures take years and cost tens of thousands of dollars.  The municipality deliberately obstructs Palestinians’ construction efforts in order to expand the Israeli neighborhoods by allocating large amounts of money to build them and create “Greater Jerusalem”.

 

  1. Israeli Settler Violence
  • At approximately 16:30 on Friday, 11 October 2019, a group of Israeli settlers, who were present in Zohar hill near Jenasafout village, on Nablus-Qalqiliyia Road, threw stones at a taxi driven by Jehad Mostafa ‘Ali Ramadan (47), from Tal village, southwest of Nablus. As a result, the vehicle’s windshield was broken.
  • At approximately 01:30 on Sunday, 13 October 2019, a group of Israeli settlers moved into Merda village, north of Salfit, where they punctured the tires of 6 vehicles and wrote slogans against Arabs on them. They also wrote slogans on the walls of 2 houses. Head of Merda village council, Bassam Ebdah, said that a group of Israeli settlers moved into the village from the eastern side, through the Bypass road. They then attacked Palestinian civilians’ houses and vehicles, noting that the village residents did not woke up, but they later saw them via surveillance camera recordings. The recordings showed that the settlers were masked and carrying bags on their backs. The affected vehicles belong to: Shawqi ‘Emad Abu Baker, Mohamed ‘Aref Ebdah and Monther Ahmed Mohamed Ebdah. The settler wrote slogans on the walls of Zahi and Zohdi Rashid Masour’s houses.
  • At approximately 10:00, a group of Israeli settlers severely beat Fadel Ahmed Hamdan (68) while harvesting olive trees in al-Walaja village, southwest of Bethlehem. He was then taken to al-Hussain Hospital in Beit Jala to receive treatment. Fadel’s son, Wesam, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that his father was harvesting olive trees from his plot of land in “Biet ‘Ail” settlement; meanwhile, 10 Israeli settlers brutally beat him with sticks. As a result, his father’s hand was fractured while his head was wounded. He was then taken to al-Hussain Hospital for treatment.  It should be noted this was not the first time that the settlers attack the village’s farmers while harvesting olive trees. The Israel authorities annually gave the residents permits allowing them to access their lands for harvesting olive trees, but this year the famers did not get permission, so they were forced to harvest the trees for fear of stealing the crop by the settlers or damaging it due to bad weather.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Monday, 14 October 2019, at least hundreds of Israeli settlers raided al-Aqsa Mosque’s yards in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, from al-Maghareba Gate, under the tight Israeli forces’ protection. This coincided with arresting 5 Palestinian worshipers from the mosque’s yards and transferring them to investigation centers. Eyewitnesses said that the Israeli police issued in the morning a decision to evacuate Bab al-Rahma Mosque, coinciding with storming the mosque’s yards by settlers and intelligence officers. Furthermore, Israeli police arrested 5 Palestinian civilians, who came from Israel to perform prayers, and later released them.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 15 October 2019, hundreds of Israeli settlers raided al-Aqsa Mosque from al-magharebah Gate, under the tight Israeli forces’ protection, on the Jewish Sukkot Holiday. The Islamic Endowment (Awqaf) Department stated that at least 400 Israeli settlers raided al-Aqsa Mosque and wandered in its yards, under tight Israeli forces and intelligence officers’ protection. The department clarified that the settlers performed prayers in the mosque while Israeli police imposed tight restrictions on Palestinians’ entering to the mosque, checked their IDs and detained some of them. Furthermore, Israeli police arrested Belal Mohamed ‘Ali (43), while present near al-Rahma Mosque in eastern al-Aqsa Mosque and took him to an investigation center.
  • On the same day morning, the Israeli Municipality opened ‘Ain Haninah site, west of al-Walaja village, west of Bethlehem, to Israeli settlers and prevented Palestinians ‘entering. Haaretz Newspaper pointed out that the site was opened amid tight security measures by Israeli police officers and border guard officers, who closed a road leading to Palestinian villages.
  • At approximately 04:25 on Wednesday, 16 October 2019, a group of Israeli settlers moved into Dir ‘Ammar village, northwest of Ramallah, where they punctured the tires of 5 vehicles and wrote slogans on them, in addition to writing slogans against Arabs on the village’s walls. Head of the Dir ‘Ammar village council, Hasan Rushdi, said that the attack occurred in “al-Maghshi” area, near “Talmoun” settlement and that was the first time that the settlers attacked the residents’ properties. The affected vehicles belong to: Yaser Felfel ‘Awda, Thair Felfel ‘Awda, Khaled Abu ‘Arifah, Isma’il al-Ja’ouni, and ‘Abed al-Elah ‘Awda.
  • At approximately 11:30 on Wednesday, 16 October 2019, at least 20 Israeli settlers, from “Yatizhar” settlement, moved into the south-eastern of Nablus, where they attacked an international solidarity group comprising of 15 members with stones and sticks. The international solidarity group was helping Palestinian farmers in harvesting olive trees. As a result, 2 of them sustained wounds. The settlers also set fire to the area, burning dozens of dunums planted with olive trees. The wounded were identified as:
  1. Izaik Jasmin Histoun (32), from Chicago, who sustained wounds in his head.
  2. Jim Kohen (71), from United Kingdom, who sustained wounds in his right hand, back and leg.
  • At approximately 13:00 on the same day, hundreds of Israeli settlers raided al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, on the 3rd day of Israeli Sukkot Holidays. In addition, Israeli forces arrested 3 Palestinian women while present near al-Selselah Gate and beat them. The Islamic Endowment (Awqaf) Department stated that at least 900 Israeli settlers raided al-Aqsa Mosque in the morning while over 200 other settlers raided it in afternoon via al-Magharebah Gate, under the tight Israeli forces and police officers’ protection. Among those raided the mosque were the Israeli Minister of Agriculture, Uri Ariel, and dozens of extremist settlers. The settlers performed prayers in the mosque yards and at its gates, especially near al-Selselah Gate. The settlers attempted to attack and cursed journalists and Palestinians banned from entering the mosque. The Israeli forces arrested 3 Palestinian women identified as Madleen Mohamed ‘Issa (27), Hanadi Mohamed Saleh al-Helwani (38), ‘Aydah al-Sidawi (59), noting that all of them were banned from entering the mosque for 4-6 months.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

West Bank

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. Israeli forces established 49 temporary checkpoints and arrested 2 civilians.

 

The military checkpoint were as follows:

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 10 October 2019, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Nabi Saleh and Dir Abu Mish’al villages. They stopped Palestinains’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs.
  • On Friday, 11 October 2019, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Nabi Saleh village and in ‘Ain Sinah square. They stopped Palestinains’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs.
  • On Saturday, 12 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to al-Jalazoun refugee camp. They stopped Palestinains’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs.
  • On Sunday, 13 October 2019, Israeli forces established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Biet ‘Ur al-Foqah village, at the intersection of al-Taiba village, and in “Hemlish” settlement square near al-Nabi Saleh village.They stopped Palestinains’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs.

On Monday, 14 October 2019, Israeli forces established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to ‘Ain Yabroud, ‘Ain Sinah and Sinjel villages, at the main intersections of city (al-Nabi Saleh- ‘Aboud- Dir Abu Mish’al- Beit Rima). They stopped Palestinains’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs.

  • On Tuesday, 15 October 2019, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoint in “Hemlish” settlement square near al-Nabi Saleh village, and at the intersection of al-Jeftlik village, north of Jericho. They stopped Palestinains’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs.
  • On Wednesday, 16 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Dir Baziegh village, west of Ramallah.They stopped Palestinains’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 10 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho. They stopped Palestinains’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs. No arrests among them were reported.
  • On Friday, 11 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho. They stopped Palestinains’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs. No arrests among them were reported.
  • On Tuesday, 15 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho. They stopped Palestinains’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs. No arrests among them were reported.
  • On Wedneday, 16 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the intersection of al-Jeftlik village, north of Jericho. They stopped Palestinains’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs. No arrests among them were reported.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 10 October 2019, Israeli forces established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Samou’a, bani Na’iem, al-Moreq, and Ethna villages. They stopped Palestinains’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs, No arrests among them were reported.
  • On Friday, 11 October 2019, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Dahiriyia village and at the southern entrance to Hebron.
  • On Saturday, 12 October 2019, Israeli forces established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Shayyoukh, Sureef and Beit Ummer villages, and on Abu Risha Road.
  • On Sunday, 13 October 2019, Israeli forces established 4 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhoul, at the entrance to Yatta, at the southern entrance to Hebron, and at the entrance to Beit Kahel village.
  • On Monday, 14 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Halhoul and no arrests among Palestinians were reported.
  • On Tuesday, 15 October 2019, Israeli forces established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Fawar and al-‘Aroub refugee camps, and at the entrances to Samou’a and Beit Ummer villages.
  • On Wednesday, 16 October 2019, Israeli forces established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Halhoul village, at the southern entrance to Hebron, and at the entrance to Yatta village.
  • Jenin:

 

  • At approximately 13:00 on Tuesday, 15 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the intersection of the American University, southeast of Jenin. They stopped Palestinians’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs; No arrests among them were reported.

Nablus:

  • At approximately 13:30 on Thursday, 10 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint on Road (17), on ‘Asirah-Nablus Road. They stopped Palestinains’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs, No arrests among them were reported.
  • At approximately 16:30 on Friday, 11 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at al-Tota intersection northwest of Nablus.
  • At approximately 10:30 on Tuesday, 15 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint on Nablus New Road, south of Nablus, at the southern entrance to the city. They stopped Palestinians’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs, No arrests among them were reported.

Qalqiliyia:

  • At approximately 13:45 on Friday, 11 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Azoun village, east of Qalqiliyia. They searched Palestinians’’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs. The checkpoint was later removed.
  • At approximately 20:0 on Saturday, 12 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Azoun village, east of Qalqiliyia. They searched Palestinains’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs. The checkpoint was later removed.
  • At approximately 21:45 on Saturday, 12 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the intersection of Amateen village, north of Qalqiliyia. They searched Palestinains’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs. The checkpoint was later removed.
  • At approximately 18:00 on Sunday, 13 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Qalqiliyia. They searched Palestinains’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs. They then arrested Riyad ‘Ali al-Taneeb (27), from Qalqiliyia.
  • At approximately 17:20 on Sunday, 13 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Izbit al-Tabeeb village, east of Qalqiliyia. They searched Palestinians’’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs. The checkpoint was later removed.

Salfit:

 

  • At approximately 19:30 on Friday, 11 October 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Hares village, north of Salfit. They searched Palestinians’’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs. The checkpoint was later removed.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kaful Hares village, north of Salfit. They searched Palestinians’’ vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs. The checkpoint was later removed

Gulf Concessions to «Israel» Have Yielded Nothing in Return

Gulf Concessions to «Israel» Have Yielded Nothing in Return

By Kamel Hawwash, TRT

The utopia of the Middle East free from conflict is not within reach at the moment. Conflict is likely to characterize the region for years if not decades to come. The people of the region are the victims, especially the youth, who in many countries were born into conflict, and it is the only life they’ve known.

“Israel” is at the heart of several conflicts. It remains in occupation of Palestinian, Syrian and Lebanese land. In recent months, it has attacked targets in Syria, Lebanon and even Iraq. The justification this time was that it was countering Iran’s presence.

In previous decades, it attacked targets in Tunisia and Sudan. “Israel’s” planes attacked both Iraqi and Syrian nuclear facilities and its operatives killed nuclear scientists in Syria, Iran and Iraq.

It is also worth remembering that its operatives killed a Palestinian, Mahmoud Al Mabhouh, in a hotel in Dubai in 2010. In 2016, “Israel” was thought to have killed Mohammed Al Zawari, a Tunisian drone expert, who it claimed worked with Hamas’ al-Qassam brigade. In 2018, Palestinian academic Fadi Al Batsh was killed in Malaysia and “Israel” was again the prime suspect.

Its repeated attacks on the beleaguered Gaza strip have left thousands dead, tens of thousands wounded and scores of homes destroyed. It has annexed illegally occupied East Jerusalem [al-Quds] and the Syrian Golan Heights.

“Israel” has not only denied Palestinian refugees the right to return in accordance with international law, but it has also been working to remove their status as refugees and to close down UNRWA.

“Israel” claims the UNRWA, which provides jobs and relief to the Palestinian refugees, perpetuates the conflict with the Palestinians. However, this is a conflict that started when it was created through violence, resulting in the expulsion of 750,000 Palestinians to neighboring Arab states, in which they continue to languish in desperate conditions.

“Israel” also continues to settle its population illegally on occupied land in Palestine and the Golan Heights.

“Israel” is likely the most destabilizing and aggressive state in the region, which the international community needs to reign in, rather than treat it with kid-gloves. None of its aggressive actions has led to any accountability, either by individual states or the international community.

Now, the most aggressive state in the Middle East is developing a “non-aggression pact” with some Gulf States.

The claim comes from “Israel’s” so-called Foreign Minister, Israel Katz, who further claimed that he met with several foreign ministers from Arab Gulf states on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly last month, as reported by Channel 12 news recently.

The TV channel claimed that Katz presented his Gulf counterparts with a draft text of the intended pact, which was drawn up by the so-called “Israeli” Foreign Ministry.

It reportedly highlights the opportunity to advance common interests in the context of the threat posed by Iran and is drafted in accordance with the principles of international law. Yes, you read that correctly. The Middle Eastern country responsible for serial breaches of international law when it comes to conflicts with its neighbors, especially the Palestinians, suddenly sees international law as a reference point for this ‘pact’.

“Israel” currently sees an opportunity to make gains it could only have only dreamt about just a few years ago. The Trump Administration has handed it not only significant wins that it can offer but pushed the narrative to “Israel’s” neighboring states that the greatest threat they pose is not from “Israel”, but Iran.

This has all been allowed by the United States’ unilateral decisions recognizing Jerusalem [al-Quds] as “Israel’s” so-called capital and recognizing “‘Israeli’ sovereignty” over the Golan Heights. The US Special Envoy for negotiations, Jason Greenblatt presented the “Israeli” prime minister with a map showing the Golan Heights as part of “Israel”. While these recognitions were only made by the US and the rest of the world has rejected it, Netanyahu is happy to bank these for now and to push for others to follow the American lead.

Next on the list is likely to be the annexation of vast swathes of the West Bank, which one can be relatively confident in thinking would then be endorsed by US President Donald Trump. This would be an act of political aggression that will deal a fatal blow to any possibility of “peace” between the “Israelis” and the Palestinians.

In the past few years, some Gulf States have warmed relations with “Israel”, allowing sporting teams to compete on Arab soil and “Israeli” ministers, including the prime minister himself to visit these countries.

However, what has “Israel” offered in return to convince these states that further normalization and a “non-aggression pact” would help bring stability and peace nearer? The answer is a resounding nothing.

In other words, “Israel” takes and never gives. It wants to see the “Israeli” flag fly over Gulf capitals but will not recognize the Palestinian people’s rights.

Before racing to sign a “non-aggression pact” with “Israel”, Gulf States should insist it first ends its status as the most aggressive state in the region. Until then, they should pour cold water on their normalization efforts. The time for normalization and pacts is not now.

A peaceful Middle East is more out of reach now than it’s ever been in recent history.

Gaza Fights For Freedom: Sneak Preview Of Empire Files Documentary — Rebel Voice

The story of Gaza is one that deserves to be told. Sadly, Zionism has gotten its bloodstained claws upon the western MSM and is refusing to let go. Israel and its supporters know that if the truth were to find its way into the minds of the population of this planet, then the rogue Zionist […]

via Gaza Fights For Freedom: Sneak Preview Of Empire Files Documentary — Rebel Voice

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