Rethinking Israel’s Blank Check in Light of Palestinian Teen’s Death with US Weapon

By Jessica Buxbaum

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JERUSALEM — Last year, Israeli forces killed a Palestinian teenager with an American gun. Now human rights organizations, activists, and politicians are calling on the United States to investigate the killing and stop the flow of military support to Israel.

On Dec. 4, 2020, Israeli forces fatally shot Ali Abu Aliya in the stomach while he was watching a protest against the establishment of a new settlement in the West Bank. It was his fifteenth birthday. According to Defense for Children International – Palestine (DCIP), Aliya wasn’t participating in the demonstration and did not pose a threat to Israeli soldiers.

“Under international law, intentional lethal force is only justified in circumstances where a direct threat to life or of serious injury is present,” DCIP said. “However, investigations and evidence collected by DCIP regularly suggest that Israeli forces use lethal force against Palestinian children in circumstances that do not appear to be warranted and may amount to extrajudicial or [willful] killings.”

Aliya’s death drew international condemnation and prompted the Israeli military police to launch a criminal investigation. In the U.S., calls are growing for President Joe Biden’s administration to investigate Aliya’s killing, given that he was shot with a weapon made on American soil.

American dollars fueling human rights abuses

Israel is the largest recipient of U.S. foreign assistance, acquiring an estimated $3.8 billion annually in aid. Roughly $800 million of the funds is dedicated to purchasing weaponry from inside Israel. In addition to American dollars maintaining Israel’s occupation of Palestine, American weapons are also being used in the deadly violence against Palestinians.

Aliya was shot with a Ruger rifle, a gun manufactured in the U.S. by Connecticut-based Sturm, Ruger & Company, Inc. This isn’t the first instance of the Ruger firearm being used by the Israel Defense Forces. The Ruger 10/22, the semiautomatic sniper rifle that killed Aliya, has been used by Israeli forces as far back as 1987 during the First Intifada (Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation). Despite Sturm, Ruger & Co.’s code of ethics, the company has a distribution partnership with Israel.

The Arms Export Control Act and the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 contain provisions barring the sale of American weaponry to countries engaging in gross violations of human rights. And under the nation’s Leahy Law, the U.S. government is prohibited from providing assistance to foreign security forces committing human rights violations, such as extrajudicial killing.

With these laws in mind, American Muslims for Palestine (AMP) — along with 29 human rights organizations including Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International USA, and DCIP — sent a letter to the State Department urging the agency investigate Aliya’s death “as a possible case of extrajudicial killing that is subject to sanctions under the Leahy Law.”

“The United States is obligated to investigate whether our tax dollars have contributed to gross violations of human rights,” AMP’s advocacy director, Raed Jarrar, told MintPress News. “Every year around 1,000 foreign units will get suspended,” Jarrar said. “It’s a very strong system that works very well in other parts of the world, but it has not been implemented a single time in Israel.”

The State Department responded to AMP’s letter addressing military training in the U.S. but not the larger issue of the U.S.’s yearly, billion-dollar military aid package to Israel. Currently, AMP is drafting a coalition response to the State Department. “What we are trying to do now is to say ‘enough is enough,’” Jarrar said. “It is time to hold Israel and all other foreign countries accountable. It’s time to hold all countries to the same standard.”

For Jarrar, the Biden administration’s decision on whether to follow through with the AMP letter’s requests is not just a matter of morality but a matter of law. “If the Biden administration chooses to break U.S. law and continue to equip and arm foreign units accused of gross violations of human rights, that will not only be a political issue, it’ll also be a legal violation,” Jarrar said.

A new administration, a new congress: greater accountability?

Human rights organizations aren’t the only ones pushing for an end to military support to Israel in light of Aliya’s killing. Just a few days after Aliya’s death, Rep. Betty McCollum (D-MN) entered a statement into the Congressional Record, calling on the then “incoming administration of President-Elect Biden to investigate Israel’s killing of Ali Abu Aalya, as well as Israel’s ongoing pattern of using state sponsored military violence against Palestinian children.” McCollum explained:

 Members of Congress and the American people deserve to know whether U.S. taxpayer funding to Israel’s Ministry of Defense is being used directly or indirectly to facilitate or enable violence against Palestinian children. Committing human rights abuses with impunity and with U.S. taxpayer aid is intolerable and there must be accountability on the part of the U.S. Government.”

McCollum introduced a bill in 2019 and a bill in 2020, both of which focus on U.S. military funding to Israel. Promoting Human Rights for Palestinian Children Living Under Israeli Military Occupation Act bars foreign funds from being used for the military detention, interrogation, abuse, or ill-treatment of children. The bill currently has 24 cosponsors. The Israeli Annexation Non-Recognition Act, currently with 11 cosponsors, bans certain funds from supporting activities in West Bank areas annexed by Israel and activities facilitating annexation.

Grassroots activists are pressuring congressional leaders to stop the flow of American weapons to Israel. The US Campaign for Palestinian Rights launched a call to action demanding Congress hold Israel accountable and cease arms sales. And, on a more local level, Massachusetts Peace Action released a similar direct-action initiative for Massachusetts residents to urge their representatives to support the aforementioned bills.

The U.S. has been a great ally to Israel since the state’s inception, with some experts even arguing that Israel can’t survive without American financial support. But as Americans become increasingly critical of the Israeli government, foreign assistance is put under a microscope.

Recent polls have shown that Americans—particularly Democrats, Millennials, and Gen-Z’ers—believe Israel has too much influence on American politics and support conditioning aid to Israel. This public shift is reflected in congressional support. “There’s been a really magnificent movement in Congress in the last two years.” AMP’s Jarrar said, continuing:

When I moved to Washington, D.C. 15 years ago, we used to have four or five members of Congress willing to step outside of the pro-Israel, hardcore line. And now sometimes we have 50 or 60 members of Congress who sign on to letters demanding accountability and justice in Israel and Palestine. So, the tide is definitely shifting and this administration feels the heat from Congress and change will come.”

Whether it’s Rep. McCollum, “the squad,” or Sen. Bernie Sanders, more and more of Congress’ progressive wing is speaking out against Israel’s actions. The majority of Americans and Congress are still largely supportive of Israel, but voices from the pro-Palestinian camp are getting louder.

With a slew of domestic problems spurred by the coronavirus, Americans want greater transparency when it comes to how their tax dollars are spent. And they appear less willing to tolerate their government’s complicity in human rights abuses in foreign nations.

“Public opinion has been shifting not only on Israel, but on the idea that the United States government can give its allies a blank check,” Jarrar said. “There’s a clear movement saying our government has to stop contributing to human rights abuses abroad. And Israel is no exception to that.”

Israel: How a Trifecta of Court Cases Could Cement King Bibi’s 12-Year Reign

Image result for Israel: How a Trifecta of Court Cases Could Cement King Bibi’s 12-Year Reign

By Miko Peled

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Three separate court cases have converged in Israel to provide Netanyahu the cover he needs to maintain power amid an endless stream of controversies.

Three judicial matters have been in Israeli headlines recently, all of them very serious in nature and all likely to serve Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in the upcoming Israeli elections.

The first is the indicted prime minister’s court hearing in early February regarding his ongoing corruption case. The second is that the prosecutor at the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that the territories Israel occupied in 1967 are within its jurisdiction, meaning that many Israelis may well be the subject of war-crimes investigations. The third is an Israeli court ruling from January 2021 banning the 2003 film “Jenin, Jenin,” made by Palestinian actor and director Mohammad Bakri. The film documents the atrocities committed by IDF forces in the Jenin refugee camp in the spring of 2002. All three are likely to raise serious concerns among the highest echelons of the Israeli government.

Yet even as these court cases loom over him, his government, and the Israeli military, and with national elections rapidly approaching, for Netanyahu these crises present opportunity. Taking the familiar pages from the Trump playbook, Netanyahu can turn every accusation of corruption into an attack by liberals, any claims of war crimes, or even misconduct by Israeli forces, into an attack on all Jews by antisemitic forces. Only in Netanyahu’s Israel could so many problems be a blessing.

Indeed, Netanyahu and his supporters claim that the corruption charges against him represent persecution of the prime minister by the liberal press and a biased judicial system. He is leading the charge to attack the ICC and has already stated that its decision is antisemitism raising its ugly head again. As for “Jenin, Jenin,” it is being universally condemned in Israel and is characterized as libelous and totally false.

When you are Benjamin Netanyahu, the best card player in the casino of Israeli politics — when you are the one who knows how to play everyone else in the room, possessing decades of experience — there’s nothing better than a good crisis. It helps to rally people around you. As a matter of fact, dealing with crises is what Netanyahu does best.

Indictment? No problem!

According to the Times of Israel, because Netanyahu’s corruption case has been in the news cycle for close to five years already, “[a]ny political fallout is already baked into the views, poll responses, and voting calculations on all sides.” In other words, nobody cares, and the election results will not be affected in any significant way.

Furthermore, the Times states that many of Netanyahu’s supporters “agree with Netanyahu that he is being unfairly targeted by a politicized prosecution.” Those who feel that the accusations of corruption against him have merit argue that “the advantages he brings as a leader far outstrip any possible malfeasance claimed in the indictment.” In fact, polls quoted in the Times show that “up to 54 percent of Israelis think he’s the best prime ministerial candidate.”

a politicized prosecution.” Those who feel that the accusations of corruption against him have merit argue that “the advantages he brings as a leader far outstrip any possible malfeasance claimed in the indictment.” In fact, polls quoted in the Times show that “up to 54 percent of Israelis think he’s the best prime ministerial candidate.”

Making a deal with the devil

When no crisis is available, Netanyahu creates his own. Tensions along the border with Syria, a threat from Iran, or an impending War on Gaza are the usual favorites and work very well.

In recent days Netanyahu and his Likud Party signed an agreement with the most right-wing elements in the Zionist political spectrum. The worst neo-fascist religious fanatics within Israel have always been his natural allies and he has now come to an official agreement with them on a vote-sharing deal called “surplus votes.” Under the agreement, “Likud promised that Netanyahu would include Religious Zionism MKs ‘in any government he forms.’” That means that after Knesset votes are counted and applied towards seats in the Israeli Parliament, any leftover votes must be shared with Israel’s militant, right-wing religious fanatics.

Surplus vote-sharing agreements are widely used in Israeli elections and allow parties to ensure that extra votes do not go to waste. Instead, the parties utilize them through special agreements with other parties.

While the vote-sharing agreement has irked many in the center and what is sometimes referred to as the center-left of Israeli politics, it shows once again that Netanyahu calls the shots as he sees fit. If other members of the Knesset and even of his own party are unhappy, well then, they are welcome to go elsewhere. However, with nowhere else to go, year after year and election after election, not only do members of his party come running to him, members of the other parties do too.

The parties with which Netanyahu’s Likud signed the vote-sharing agreement include the far-right Religious Zionism Party and the openly racist “Otzma Yehudit,” or Jewish Might. Members of these parties support an ideology that includes expelling Palestinians who refuse to declare loyalty to Israel and accept diminished status in an expanded Jewish state. Some party members also support LGBT conversion therapy. These fanatic religious-Zionist parties represent armed gangs that openly terrorize Palestinians across the country.

The International Criminal Court ruling

After lengthy deliberations that led to a landmark decision, the International Criminal Court ruled that it has jurisdiction over war crimes committed by Israel in the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and East Jerusalem. This ruling opens the door to possible criminal charges against Israeli military personnel and potentially even against government officials.

Netanyahu called the international tribunal’s decision “pure antisemitism,” a meritless claim he failed to explain. The ruling addresses specific incidents in which the Israeli military was involved and has absolutely nothing to do with Jewish people.

After nearly 20 years, court ruling bans Jenin Jenin

Israel’s Central District Court has banned the screening of the 2003 documentary film “Jenin Jenin” and ordered the confiscation of all copies of the film in the country. In addition, the court ordered the film’s director, Mohammed Bakri, to pay Lt. Col. Nissim Magnagi, one of the reservist officers who was allegedly present during the assault on the Jenin refugee camp and was shown for a brief moment in the film, 175,000 shekels in damages on top of 50,000 shekels in legal expenses.

One has to question the merits of banning a film in 2021 when it was made in 2003. There are no public screenings of the film and the only viewers that watch it do so online — and that of course cannot be banned. The fine, however, is a blow and it has yet to be seen what will happen when the decision reaches a higher court for appeal.

Of the three judicial issues stated here, only one pertains to Netanyahu and is likely to have little or no effect on his chances to win the elections. The other two only confirm what the Israeli electorate already believes, that the International Criminal Court is antisemitic and that a film made by a Palestinian showing Israeli military crimes must be a vicious, libelous lie, and the common wisdom is that Netanyahu knows better than anyone how to deal with the anti-Semites.

The Israeli electorate is used to both crises and to the controversy surrounding Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. The results of the next election, just like the results of the three previous ones, are almost guaranteed to go in his favor.

Court Rules Palestinian Filmmaker Must Pay Damages To Israeli Soldier Who Took Part in Massacre

Miko Peled – Author. Writer. Speaker. Human Rights Activist.

By Miko Peled

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“Jenin, Jenin” documents a deadly Israeli assault on a Palestinian refugee camp that left hundreds of civilians dead and over fifteen hundred wounded, and its release has caused an uproar in Israeli society.

In a particularly draconian decision, an Israeli court has ruled that the documentary film “Jenin, Jenin” will be banned from screening in Israel. Additionally, all copies of the film must be collected and destroyed. The court went even further and ordered producer, director, and actor Mohammad Bakri, the man behind the film which documents the Israeli assault on the Jenin refugee camp, must pay damages to an Israeli officer who participated in the massacre and appears in the film for about five seconds. 

Israel’s military invasion of the Palestinian refugee camp in Jenin and the slaughter which followed took place in March of 2002. The army entered the camp with tanks, special forces, commando units, and several reservist brigades. The camp was bombarded from the air and from the ground. Several hundred Palestinian fighters fought heroically, armed with nothing but semiautomatic rifles and rudimentary guerrilla warfare skills. Twenty-five Israeli soldiers lost their lives in the camp and countless Palestinians, mostly civilians, were killed.

Silencing the survivors’ point of view

Jenin, Jenin” includes testimony from people of all ages who lived through the Israeli assault on the camp. There is no question that hearing the descriptions and experiences of the survivors of that awful trauma is heart-wrenching. But Bakri himself never makes any direct accusations in the film. He shows footage of Israeli soldiers, tanks, and armored personnel carriers, and of Palestinians being arrested, but at no point in the movie is an actual accusation made and it is clear that the only perspectives offered in the film are from those who live in the camp.

Protests erupted in Israel as soon as the movie was shown. Bakri was called a Nazi and slandered by the press and the public for daring to show what Palestinians had experienced at the hands of the Israeli soldiers who entered the camp. Soldiers who had participated in what is known as “The Battle of Jenin” demanded that Israeli authorities censor the movie and not allow theaters to show it, and they eventually got their way.

Jenin Refugee Camp
Palestinian rescue workers search for human remains in the rubble of the Hawashin district. No heavy equipment was available during the first days after the fighting had ended, and rescue workers had to dig through the rubble with their hands. Jenin Refugee Camp, 2002. Peter Bouckaert | Human Rights Watch
Jenin Refugee Camp
A young boy is treated at the Jenin hospital moments after he and his friend were wounded in an explosion in the Jenin refugee camp. His friend died the next morning. The Jenin refugee camp was strewn with leftover Palestinian explosives and unexploded Israeli ordinance after the attack, causing additional injuries and deaths. Jenin Refugee Camp, 2002. Peter Bouckaert | Human Rights Watch

The film was banned by the Israeli Film Ratings Board on the premise that it was libelous and might offend the public. Bakri appealed the decision and the case went all the way to the Israeli Supreme Court, which ultimately overturned the board’s decision. Since then, those who have participated in the assault have been looking for ways to challenge the film. 

In November 2016, Nissim Meghnagi, a reserve officer who took part in Operation Defensive Shield, also known as the massacre at the Jenin refugee camp, sued Bakri for 2.6 million shekels, the equivalent of around 745,000 U.S. dollars. In his suit, Meghnagi claimed that he appears in, and was named in the film and that it libeled Israeli soldiers by presenting them as war criminals. 

Bakri argued, correctly, that the purpose of the lawsuit was persecution and political silencing, and that the movie makes no accusation against Meghnagi specifically. It only shows, Bakri continuously yet fruitlessly claimed, the point of view of the Palestinians who experienced the onslaught on the camp. Still, the District Court in the Israeli-occupied city of Lyd ruled in Meghnagi’s favor and ordered Bakri to pay Meghnagi the equivalent of $55,000. Now the case is expected to go back to the Supreme Court.

A History of War Crimes

Israeli forces did not allow the Red Cross or any other international observers to enter the camp for many days after the assault was over. This allowed them to clean up the camp before anyone from the outside was able to witness what had been done.

Israeli authorities, courts, media, and public opinion tend to view Palestinian claims regarding human rights abuses, violence, and massacres committed by military units as lies. Internal investigations by the military and other Israeli government agencies rarely find Israeli forces guilty of any crimes.

The reason that “Jenin, Jenin” created such a strong reaction in Israel is that the people involved, and even those who were not directly involved, know that Israel has a history of atrocities and war crimes. Israel claims that the IDF is the “most moral army in the world,” yet almost every single Israeli has either been witness to or knows someone who has witnessed – or even committed – atrocities. 

Committing war crimes of all kinds is a deeply rooted tradition in the Israeli military. It goes back to the earliest days of the pre-state era when Zionist militias operated before an actual Israeli Army was formed. These militias were turned into an organized army in the middle of the 1948 ethnic cleansing campaign of Palestine. They were in the midst of committing a horrendous crime for which no one has yet been brought to justice when they became an official army and when Jewish Zionist settlers in Palestine became citizens of a newly established Apartheid State, a state whose very establishment was a war crime.

This is why there is such opposition to the movie and to Mohammad Bakri himself amongst Israelis. Bakri touched an open nerve and because as a Palestinian with Israeli citizenship, he also happens to be a household name among Israelis, Israelis are furious at him. Bakri dared to enter the camp and to talk to its residents without showing what is commonly known as “the other side.”  Furthermore, as is made very clear throughout the movie, the spirit of the people in the camp remains undefeated. 

Over and over again throughout the movie, we hear survivors of the assault, even as they sit on the rubble of their own homes, repeat that they will rebuild the camp house by house and that they will never surrender. This is hardly the message that Israelis – who only a short time before had voted for the notorious Ariel Sharon to be their prime minister – want to hear.

The Driver of a D9

On May 31, 2002, Israeli journalist Tsadok Yehazkeli, working for the Israeli daily Yediot Aharonot, published an article in Hebrew about the driver of a D9 bulldozer who went by the moniker, “Bear the Kurd.” “Bear” made a name for himself during the assault on the Jenin refugee camp, when for 72 hours straight he drove his bulldozer into countess houses and destroyed everything in his path, ramming into homes regardless of whether or not they were inhabited. 

He was quoted as saying “I made them a football stadium,” and “I have no regrets. I’m proud of my work,” and, “I never gave the people a chance to run out of the houses before I ran over them and ruined the houses with my bulldozer.” None of this is shown or mentioned in Bakri’s film yet it provides a picture of the atmosphere among the Israeli troops that entered the camp.

The army unit in which the D9 driver operated went on to receive a medal for its actions during the assault, and the man known as “Bear the Kurd” became a hero to the troops. Because so many were buried under the rubble, to this day no one knows how many Palestinians were killed in 2002 at the Jenin refugee camp.

It is hard to anticipate what the Israeli Supreme Court will rule when it hears the Bakri case. However, in a state that was built on war crimes and atrocities, one may expect that all branches of government will work together to keep the truth from coming out. Either way, few Israeli war crimes are as documented as this one, and so “Jenin, Jenin” must be viewed and shared widely.

Israel & United States Unite Efforts In Large-Scale Strikes On Iranian Infrastructure In Syria

South Front

The first two weeks of 2021 have, so far, been marked by an incredible increase in Israeli activity in the skies over Syria.

The most intense strike took place on January 13 morning hitting multiple Syrian and Iranian-affiliated targets in the province of Deir Ezzor, including the underground base of the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Corps near al-Bukamal.

The pro-opposition Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that Israeli strikes have killed 57 and wounded another 37. Pro-government sources confirmed only 5 casualties.

The airstrikes were so numerous that even Abu Yatem al-Katrani – the commander of the Iraqi Popular Mobilization Units (PMU) 4th Brigade was killed in an airstrike.

The Israeli operations were carried out with the assistance of the United States – it provided intelligence and Israeli struck on them. Former CIA Director, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo was reportedly discussing the airstrikes with Yossi Cohen, chief of Israel’s spy agency Mossad.

The US support of Tel Aviv’s aerial raids is a clear message to Iran, and is a very open support to Israel’s undeclared war against Iran, which it has been waging in Syria since hostilities began.

All of the airstrikes in the first two weeks of 2021 are the most significant by Israel, and over all, since the beginning of the war in Syria. They were so significant, that Damascus even accused Tel Aviv of carrying out the strikes in very open support of ISIS militants which the Syrian Arab Army is hunting.

Meanwhile, there appears to be a sense of urgency, or a sense of danger in the air, as the United States reinforced its troop positions in the Omar oil fields with artillery pieces and other equipment.

The US troops, together with their local proxies also hold frequent drills in the area, to keep ready, for some future unknown escalation.

Prior to New Year’s Eve, Iran’s top nuclear scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh was assassinated, in what Tehran claimed to be an elaborate Israeli operation.

Additionally, since around the same time, a farewell strike on Iran has been expected from US President Donald Trump, and the general chaos in the US ahead of Joe Biden stepping into office has been used by Israel as a chance to inflict as much damage as possible on Tehran and its allies.

Russia, at the same time, appears to also be preparing for an escalation of some sort, by building up its forces and is lying in wait.

Israel appears dead set on continuing its crusade against Iran and its allies in Syria. An urgency is felt, since Biden is unlikely to support Tel Aviv as much as Trump did, and every possible chance should be used. This is all in spite of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu removed the photo of Donald Trump from his Twitter, but all is fair in love and war.

Finally, both the American and Russian forces appear to be biding their time, waiting for an escalation that, with tensions at the breaking point appears closer than ever.

The year began with terrorist attacks in Syria, increased Israeli strikes, Iran threatening against any aggression against it, and the two most significant players in the face of Moscow and Washington are expecting an escalation, and no amount of preparation would be enough for the incoming storm.

US nuclear submarine comes in close contact with Iranian anti-submarine chopper: video

Iran ends massive war games in Strait of Hormuz, issues stern warning to enemies: photos

BY NEWS DESK 2021-01-14

BEIRUT, LEBANON (6:00 P.M.) – A U.S. nuclear submarine was spotted making close contact with an Iranian military chopper this week, in a new escalation in the Persian Gulf region.

In a video released by the Iranian media and shared on social media, the U.S. nuclear submarine can be seen making close contact with the Iranian anti-submarine helicopter, the SH-3D, in the Persian Gulf waters.

The video, which is shared below, was allegedly take on Thursday, January 14th, in the Persian Gulf; however, the U.S. and Iranian forces have yet to comment on this close approach.

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The Assassin’s Creed: Murder As Israeli State Policy

By Jeremy Salt

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“If our dreams for Zionism are not to end in the smoke of assassins’ pistols and our labor for its future to produce only a new set of gangsters worthy of Nazi Germany, many like myself will have to reconsider the position we have maintained for so long in the past.” — Winston Churchill, November, 1944, from his address to the House of Commons on the murder of Britain’s Resident Minister in the Middle East, Lord Moyne, by two members of the zionist terrrorist organization, Lehi. [1]
Mohsen Fakhrizadeh Terror df757

Israel’s crimes against Iran in the past decade include the sabotage through the Stuxnet virus of the centrifuges in its nuclear development program,  the killing through missile attack of its militia members in Syria, the sabotage of its Natanz nuclear plant in July this year and the murder in recent years of five of its leading nuclear scientists,  most recently, a few days ago, Mohsen Fakhrizadeh.

Each of these attacks would have been carried out at least with the approval of the US government, if not the active involvement at some level of both the US and its puppet Iranian terrorist organization, the MEK (Mujahedin e-Khalq). In reverse,  Israel would have been closely involved in the US assassination of  Qasim Suleimani in Iraq in January this year.  These murders might be state operations but are no different in their brazen nature,  their illegality and their brutality from hits organised by Mafia gangs.  In the case of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh,  a distinguished physicist,  he was apparently dragged from his car during the attack and finished off in the middle of the road.  The crime was so heinous that even voices usually hostile to Iran (including the New York Times and former CIA director John Brennan) were appalled.

Each of these attacks is a casus belli for war. Two can play at this game, which means that by these attacks, Israel is virtually inviting the assassination of its own political leaders and military commanders, or its senior representatives abroad. That Iran does not strike back, in the same way, is not necessarily a sign that it does not have the capacity to organise such retaliation.  Apart from the criminality and violations of international law that such actions represent,  Iran is never going to strike back at a time of Israel’s choosing.

Nevertheless, the government is under pressure from its own people to deal a devastating counter-blow, not necessarily against individuals but against Israeli infrastructure such as the port at Haifa.  Each of these provocations pushes Iran closer to the edge, as intended by Israel.  The repeated refusal of the government to respond is being criticised in Iran as a sign of weakness,  as the more Israel gets away with the more it will try to get away with. At the same time, even though Israel is responsible, an Iranian reprisal would trigger off a large-scale military response by Israel and full-scale war that no one in their right mind would want. It is a further sign of the moral void at their centre that Netanyahu and many of the fanatics around him do want such a war and are prepared to drop bombs on live nuclear reactors to achieve their aims

The general view seems to be that Israel did this so Biden would not be able to sign back on to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) nuclear agreement from which Trump withdrew the US in 2018. That may be so, but Netanyahu might have calculated that this latest savagery would be the final spark igniting the war he has wanted for years.  Either of these outcomes would suit him.

There are always parallels in history and for Israel’s attempts to provoke an open war with Iran, one parallel would be Israel’s attempts to draw Egypt’s President Gamal Abd al Nasser into war in 1967.  This was no ‘preemptive’ war but another war of choice.  1948 was the first, because only through war could the zionists seize  Palestine, at least most of it.  1967 was the second,  launched to destroy Egypt’s armed forces, to destroy Nasser’s Arab world leadership, and to occupy the rest of Palestine. 

It was strikingly successful. All Palestine ended up under occupation and the Egyptian military was shattered.  Nasir’s pan Arab leadership was not destroyed but gravely weakened by Egypt’s failure to see the war coming and defend itself.

Just as Israel has been trying to draw Iran into the open through the assassination of its scientists and the sabotage of its nuclear plants,  so in the year before the 1967 war it set out to draw Nasser into the open through provocations along the Syrian armistice line.  These took the form of incursions by armored tractors into the DMZ, triggering off shelling by the Syrian army and then air attacks by Israel.  

Although Israel was determined to destroy any Arab nationalist government and to destroy Arab nationalism itself, the main target of these provocations was Nasser.  He was the foremost Arab champion and Israel wanted him where it could get at him.  It knew that sooner or he would have to respond to its provocations on the Syrian front by taking action on the Egyptian front.

When Israel shot down six Syrian planes in April 1967, the ball started to roll.  Israeli politicians talked of going further than ever before, of teaching Syria a lesson, and even of invading Syria and occupying Damascus, 15 years ahead of its invasion of Lebanon and occupation of Beirut. 

By the second week of May, war was regarded as inevitable.  Nasser moved troops and tanks into Sinai and called for the withdrawal of the UN Emergency Force (UNEF) from the armistice line.  Although Israel was the aggressor in the 1956  war, UNEF forces were inside Egypt because Israel refused to accept them on its side of the armistice line, and as usual, it got its way. 

On May 22 Nasser closed the Straits of Tiran, the entrance point to the Gulf of Aqaba, but without actually blocking them to Israeli shipping.  Under pressure,  however,  to stand up to the Israelis,  he had moved the final piece on the board that set the stage for war. 

Israel repeated the rhetoric of 1948.  İt was again being threatened with extermination and annihilation at the hands of an Arab ‘ring of steel.’ In fact,  it knew, and so did the CIA, that it would easily defeat any Arab army or combination of Arab armies.  Behind the panic deliberately set in motion among the Israeli population,  the generals could not wait to get going.   They vowed to be on the banks of the Suez Canal within a week. This was an opportunity  – one they had created – that Israel could not afford to miss. The military would deliver a knockout blow: according to Yigal Allon, “There is not the slightest doubt about the outcome of this war and each of its stages.”

And so it turned out to be.  On the Arab side, there is not the slightest doubt that Nasser did not want war. His threats were those of the Arab champion and his intended audience the Arab world,  but behind the scenes, he was looking for a way out of the crisis into which he had been maneuvered. An Egyptian delegation led by  Vice-President Zakaria Muhi Al-Din was due to fly into Washington on June 7 for talks to begin the following day on bringing the crisis to an end. On June 5, with the window of the opportunity for war about to close,  Israel attacked.

There is symmetry in all of these wars. Israel plays the role of the victim even while preparing to attack.  In 1948 Chaim Weizmann talked of extermination while assuring the Americans behind the scenes that the Arab armies counted for nothing. Israel’s arrogance was checked in the first week of the 1973 war, with humiliation at the hands of Hizbullah waiting in 2000 and 2006.  Yet if there is a learning curve Israel does not see it, an example of what long ago US Senator J. William Fulbright called the “arrogance of power.”

Israel applies the same tactics at the micro as well as the macro level.  On the West Bank and Gaza, it murders and massacres, and when there is a Palestinian response it has its rationale for more crushing blows.  On the West Bank, this usually takes the form of enlarging settlements or building new ones. 

From the Zionist point of view, this has been a good year.  Following the establishment of diplomatic relations with Israel by the UAE and Bahrain, the UAE has gone as far as blocking entry visas to the citizens of a dozen Muslim countries while allowing Israelis visa-free entry.  Talks in Saudi Arabia between Netanyahu and Muhammad bin Salman – apparently arranged without the knowledge of the king – open the way to the establishment of diplomatic relations, although for the time being this is not expected.  MBS can give Israel most of what it wants without needing to come into the open, and as the nominal custodian of the two holy places such a move would enrage Muslims around the world,  with explosive consequences possible at the time of the hajj.

Israel’s strategic advances also include the commercial,  military, and strategic relationship it is establishing in the eastern Mediterranean with Greece and the Greek government of southern Cyprus, which has already allowed Israeli military units to train on the island because of the similarity of the topography to southern Lebanon. Successfully playing off fears of Iran in the Gulf,  Israel plays off Greek rivalry with Turkey in the eastern Mediterranean.  

Able to attack from the very centre of the central Arab lands – occupied Palestine – Israel is now steadily moving into a position that will eventually enable it to threaten Arab states and Iran from the periphery, from the gulf in the southwest and from the northeastern corner of the Mediterranean.  It has pushed these doors open and on the basis of all its past behavior, it will keep pushing until it gets what it wants.

The assassination of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh has antecedents dating back to the barrel bomb murders in Palestinian markets in the 1930s, the assassination of Lord Moyne in Cairo on November 6,  1944,  the blowing up of the King David Hotel in 1946, the assassination of Count Folke Bernadotte in 1948  and the massacres and destruction that have marked the zionist presence in the Middle East ever since.  Whether the enemy is a state, an organization, or an individual,  the enemy must be destroyed.   The standing refusal of the international ‘community’ to punish Israel for any of these crimes only encourages the zionist state to go still further.

Speaking to the House of Commons after the murder of Lord Moyne, Churchill, a strong advocate of Zionism all along,  remarked that “If there to be any hope of a peaceful and successful future for Zionism  these wicked activities must cease and those responsible for  them must be destroyed root and branch.” [2] These wicked activities have never ceased, those responsible for them have never been destroyed root and branch, the smoke of the assassins’ pistols now hangs over an entire region and Zionism has produced generations of criminals fully worthy of Nazi Germany.    

No state can endlessly endure Israel’s provocations. Iran and Hizbullah are playing the long game, compared to Netanyahu’s greed for instant satisfaction but at some point, there will be a limit to what they can endure and then there will be war,  possibly if not probably the most devastating in the modern history of the Middle East.  What will the international ‘community’ say then? It will be far too late to regret that it should have done something to stop Israel earlier.

Endnotes

[1] Catrina Stewart ‘Sir Winston Churchill: Zionist hero,’ Independent, November 3, 2012[2] ‘Palestine (Terrorist Activities) in the House of Commons at 12am on 17th November, 1944.’ theyworkforyou.com/debates/?id=1944-11-17a.2242.1  For more on Commons debate on the murder of Lord Moyne,  see also api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1944/nov/07/assassination-of-lord-moyne#S5CV0404PO_19441107_HOC_294  Churchill assured the House that the Zionists had lost a good friend in Lord Moyne.  According to Yitzhak Shamir, however, one of the architects of the murder, and a terrorist who later became an Israeli Prime Minister (like Menahim  Begin), Moyne was an anti-semite who did not believe in a Jewish nation or a Jewish people.  See Joanna Seidel ‘Yitzhak Shamir: why we killed Lord Moyne,’ Times of Israel, July 5, 2012. 

Response to Fakhrizadeh’s assassination in Iran time الردّ على اغتيال فخري زاده بتوقيت إيران

Response to Fakhrizadeh’s assassination in Iran time

Munther Suleiman and Jafar al-Jaafari

Security experts agreed that the operation required high-level intelligence and professionalism capabilities that only professional states possessed for “state terrorism” operations.

Immediately after the assassination of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh (November 27th), Siham accused the Israeli-Mossad intelligence service of u.S. cooperation, not only from the Iranian side concerned, but also from the “semi-official” U.S.side.

The scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh has been at the top of the u.S. most wanted list since the time of former President George W. Bush, Jr., and “Israeli”, evidence that Israeli intelligence officials acknowledged that an earlier attempt on his life had been prepared and delayed at the last minute. Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu reviewed Dr. Mohsen Fakhrizadeh’s name at a media festival in 2018, boasting: “Remember that name:Fakhrizadeh.”

We can say that the United States also acknowledged the “unofficial” words of President Trump himself during the first hours of the assassination, by posting a tweet on his official account conveying the news about “Israeli” sources, and in Hebrew, which he did not master at all.

He soon recalled the man’s history in the media, as “the father of the nuclear bomb, and in recent years he has been working on a project to reduce the size of the nuclear warhead and enable it to maintain its effectiveness in the phase of the entry of the carrier ballistic missile into the atmosphere towards the target”.

The reasons for the assassination and the more likely possibilities for how it occurred remain subject to the availability of accurate operational information, which is unlikely to be completed soon for reasons of confidentiality, and we have a return below to discussit.

Later on the day of the assassination, the New York Times revealed what a “high-ranking U.S. source” told her, saying that “Israel is responsible for carrying out the assassination,” without explaining his identity or why he was sure of the perpetrator.

The assassination coincided with the U.S. mobilisation of additional military resources, with the Navy announcing the movement of the Nimitz nuclear aircraft carrier stationed in the region, as the decision to withdraw a number of U.S. troops from Afghanistan matured, u.S. commanders said.

Moving the nuclear carrier into the region may not be sufficient to conclude that a military attack is about to take off, assuming u.S. operational experience and military doctrine and requiring the movement of a number of other naval pieces, reinforced by missile-carrying submarines, destroyers and cruisers.

The weapon of assassination of scientists entered active service with political decision makers since the beginning of the era of nuclear technology in the early 1940s, with an American plan to “kidnap or assassinate” German physicist Werner Heisenberg in 1942, given the scientific gap at the time between the progress of German technology and the inevitability of its success in the manufacture of a nuclear bomb, and parallel U.S. efforts in the “ManhattanNuclear Program”.

William Toby, an American nuclear energy expert at harvard University, said that “the most important thing to achieve is to postpone, not stop, the nuclear program of the. adversary, and perhaps form a deterrent to the accession of other minds and competencies to the program” (November 27, 2020).

Toby stressed the “denial of responsibility” space provided by the weapon of assassination of scientists to the aggressor, given the complexities of any state’s nuclear programme, as well as the nature of direct military action and its crucial identity. He also warned of the short- and medium-term adverse consequences of the effectiveness of the assassination, as the attacking party would lead to a reduction in the ceiling of cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and “possibly an end to cooperation with it altogether”.

After the assassination, there was unprecedented confusion in the narrative of the Iranian authorities, and the multiplicity of officials who gave their opinions, but the most prominent common factor is the detection of a security gap in The Iranian agencies, not the first in the targeting of their scientists, which led to what led to it.

It is certain that since 2007 we have witnessed a series of bombings that killed four Iranian scientists and failed another operation. Their activities were said to have been in the process of developing Iran’s nuclear program, ranging from “toxic gas possibly the real source of an accident at the facility, to remote-controlled explosion, and direct shooting at a car carrying the person concerned.” Now, a new narrative is echoed by the use of a marching aircraft and infrared surveillance devices also controlled by remotes.

The successive Iranian statements were not based on a specific narrative, except that the assassination is considered a war decision, but we witnessed 3 interpretations or jurisprudence that simulate the mechanisms of carrying out the operation: the car Of Fakhrizadeh was subjected to a barrage of bullets, in conjunction with the explosion of a locomotive before his arrival, which slowed down his movement, a human ambush reinforced by about 12 elements, including snipers, and the firing of a “remote-controlled machine gun” prayers of bullets.

The latest theory – remote-based machine gun – is not entirely excluded as electronic technologies advance, especially “sophisticated weapons. through the use of robots,” according to The Forbes Weekly (November 30, 2020).

The magazine, quoting its military sources, confirmed that an innovative weapon for remote shooting and firing was used in Syria “through the Free Syrian Army in the vicinity of Idlib city in 2013”, and the prototypes of it moved to the control and use of Kurdish forces and elements of “ISIS”, according to a 2016 U.S. army report, entitled “Remote control of sniper weapons and machine guns by terrorists and insurgents.”

With an intense targeting of the U.S. tank tower in Afghanistan and Iraq, u.S. military command replaced the human element in the tower through the CROWSsystem, which allows remote control ofa weapons center, and provided the Norwegian company Kongsberg with some 200,000 such systems for the U.S. Army, a system reinforced with thermal camera technologies, introduced to service on U.S. combat vehicles..

Infrared landscape technology is available in the U.S. commercial market, albeit with relatively low specifications for military models, manufactured by the American Network of Technology(ATN),supplied by U.S. Special Forces. One of its features is remote control of night binoculars, which is reinforced by a ballistic computer to ensure accuracy..

One of the most prominent conclusions of the report of the magazine mentioned what it described as the “positive advantages” of that weapon, namely, reducing the element of adventure by killing or arresting the control of the weapon to zero, and the impossibility of monitoring and tracking the coordinates of the source of the attack.

The magazine suggested that the use of remote weapons left no trace of Iranian investigators, despite one of the official narratives that indicated that there was evidence at the site linking the attack to Israeli agencies, and that the “concealment of the identity” of the executor was the main motive behind the use of this technology by a number of countries using drones, for example.

Security and military experts agree that this operation “constitutes a major security breach that necessitated high-level intelligence and professionalism capabilities that are possessed only by professional states for “state terrorism” operations, and that the perpetrator discovered a loophole in the internal security system in Iran, and exploited it and was able to carry it out, enabling it to succeed,” which refutes one of the Iranian narratives that its intelligence services were “aware of an imminent attack.”

In a purely political dimension, since wars are the application of politics with other tools, according to Carl von Klaus Fitz, the centre of gravity for the objectives of the process is shifting to the conflict between American politicians, given president-elect Joe Biden’s conciliatory statements that he will resume U.S. membership in the international nuclear agreement, “with some conditions tightened and others added.”

From this perspective, U.S. observers specifically emphasise the “postponement” of iran’s promised response, leaving time for the next administration to deal positively with the international agreement, and possibly a return to the elimination of some U.S. sanctions imposed by the outgoing Trump administration.

In this regard, the fact of the official U.S. hostility to the Iranian regime and its roots should not be. overlooked, and from time to time the incident of the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and the detention of its employees for several years with the victory of the Iranian revolution in 1979.

At the same level, one recognizes the consensus of U.S. decision makers not to allow Iran to possess nuclear knowledge and weapons, based on the commitment of the ruling institution in its entirety and currents “to maintain Israel’s superiority over all countries in the region” with qualitative weapons that are forbidden to other parties, individually or collectively, to acquire, Indeed, some senior U.S. strategists argue: “Regardless of the identity of the U.S. president, hostility will continue in relations with Iran as we have seen and seen over the past four decades, and Iran will continue to blame the United States and Israel for any incidents they face in the foreseeable future, whether or not they are found to be involved.”

With these lines written, the possibility of postponing the Iranian retaliatory strike, not the possibility of its cancellation, is reinforced by the view of the internal interactions in the israeli crisis entity, and the flexible statements of President-elect Biden on the Iranian nuclear file, accompanied by an argument at home iran about the tactic and the short-term strategy for the best response to the assassination, as factors that will not make Tehran rush a military/security response, to keep it a margin of movement and appropriate options, depending on the schedule, not the schedule ofothers.

الردّ على اغتيال فخري زاده بتوقيت إيران

منذر سليمان   جعفر الجعفري

خبراء أمنيون أجمعوا على أنّ العملية استلزمت قدرات استخباريّة واحترافاً عالي المستوى لا تملكه إلا الدول المحترفة لعمليات “إرهاب الدولة”.

فور تنفيذ عمليّة اغتيال محسن فخري زاده (27 تشرين الثاني/نوفمبر)، توجّهت سهام الاتهام إلى جهاز الاستخبارات “الإسرائيلي – الموساد”، بتعاون أميركيّ، ليس من الجانب الإيرانيّ المعنيّ الأوّل بذلك فقط، بل من الجانب الأميركي “شبه الرسمي” أيضاً.

العالم محسن فخري زاده كان على رأس قائمات المطلوبين أميركياً منذ عهد الرئيس الأسبق جورج بوش الابن، و”إسرائيلياً”، بدليل اعتراف مسؤولي استخبارات “إسرائيل” بأنّ محاولة سابقة لاغتياله تم إعدادها وتأجَّل تنفيذها في اللحظات الأخيرة. أما رئيس الوزراء بنيامين نتنياهو، فقد استعرض اسم الدكتور محسن فخري زاده في مهرجان إعلامي عقده في العام 2018، متبجّحاً: “تذكّروا هذا الاسم: فخري زاده”.

 بوسعنا القول إنَّ الولايات المتّحدة اعترفت أيضاً بكلام “غير رسمي” على لسان الرئيس ترامب نفسه خلال الساعات الأولى للاغتيال، بنشره تغريدة في حسابه الرسمي ينقل فيها الخبر عن المصادر “الإسرائيلية”، وباللغة العبريّة التي لا يتقنها مطلقاً.

وسرعان ما استُحضر تاريخ الرجل في الإعلام، بوصفه “أب القنبلة النووية، وأنه انكبّ يعمل في السنوات الأخيرة على مشروع تصغير حجم الرأس الحربي النووي وتمكينه من الاحتفاظ بفاعليته في مرحلة دخول الصاروخ الباليستي الحامل إلى الغلاف الجوي نحو الهدف”.

 حيثيات الاغتيال والاحتمالات الأكثر ترجيحاً لكيفية وقوعه، تبقى مرهونة بتوفر معلومات عملياتية دقيقة، وهو أمر يستبعد إنجازه قريباً لدواعي السرّية، ولنا عودة أدناه لمناقشة الأمر.

في وقت لاحق من يوم الاغتيال، كشفت صحيفة “نيويورك تايمز” عما أخبرها به “مصدر أميركي رفيع المستوى”، قائلاً “إن إسرائيل هي المسؤولة عن تنفيذ الاغتيال”، من دون أن توضح هُويته أو سبب يقينه من الفاعل.

 تزامن الاغتيال مع حشد الولايات المتحدة موارد عسكرية إضافية، بإعلان سلاح البحرية عن تحرك حاملة الطائرات النووية “نيميتز” للمرابطة في المنطقة، مع نضوج قرار سحب عدد من القوات الأميركية من أفغانستان، بموجب تصريحات القادة الأميركيين.

 ربما لا يشكّل تحريك الحاملة النووية إلى المنطقة عاملاً كافياً للاستنتاج بأنَّ هجوماً عسكرياً على وشك الانطلاق، إذ تفترض الخبرة العملياتية والعقيدة العسكرية الأميركية وتتطلَّب تحريك عدد من القطع البحرية الأخرى، تعززها غواصات حاملة للصواريخ ومدمّرات وطرادات.

 سلاح اغتيال العلماء دخل الخدمة الفعلية عند صناع القرار السياسي منذ بدء عصر التقنية النووية مطلع عقد الأربعينيات من القرن الماضي، بمخطط أميركي “لخطف أو اغتيال” عالم الفيزياء الألماني فيرنر هايزنبيرغ في العام 1942، نظراً إلى الفجوة العلمية آنذاك بين تقدم التقنية الألمانية وحتمية نجاحها في صنع قنبلة نووية، والجهود الأميركية الموازية في “برنامج مانهاتن” النووي.

 الخبير الأميركي في الطّاقة النووية لدى جامعة “هارفرد” العريقة، ويليام توبي، اعتبر أنَّ “أقصى ما تطمح إلى تحقيقه الجهة المنفّذة لاغتيال علماء الطاقة النووية هو تأجيل وليس إيقاف سير البرنامج النووي للخصم، وربما تشكيل عامل ردع لانضمام عقول وكفاءات أخرى إلى البرنامج” (27 تشرين الثاني/نوفمبر 2020).

وشدّد توبي على ما يوفّره سلاح اغتيال العلماء من مساحة “إنكار المسؤولية” للطرف المعتدي، نظراً إلى تعقيدات البرنامج النووي لأيّ دولة، وإلى طبيعة العمل العسكري المباشر وهويته الحاسمة أيضاً. وحذّر أيضاً من النتائج العكسية على المديين القصير والمتوسط من فعالية الاغتيال، إذ سيقود الطرف المعتدى عليه إلى خفض سقف التعاون مع الهيئة الدولية للطاقة النووية، “وربما إنهاء التعاون معها بالكامل”.

في بُعد ساحة الاغتيال، لوحظ ارتباك غير مسبوق في سردية السلطات الإيرانية، وتعدّد المسؤولين الذين أدلوا بدلوهم، لكنَّ العامل المشترك الأبرز هو الكشف عن ثغرة أمنيّة في الأجهزة الإيرانيّة، ليست الأولى في استهداف علمائها، أدّت إلى ما أدت إليه.

 الثّابت أمامنا أننا شهدنا منذ العام 2007 سلسلة عمليات تفجير أدت إلى مقتل 4 علماء إيرانيين وفشل عملية أخرى. وقد قيل إن نشاطاتهم كانت في سبيل تطوير البرنامج النووي الإيراني، وتراوحت الآليات بين “غاز سام ربما مصدره الحقيقي حادث عرضي في المنشأة، إلى التفجير بالتحكم عن بُعد، وإطلاق النار مباشرة على سيارة تُقلّ الشخصية المعنية”. والآن، تتردّد سردية جديدة عبر استخدام طائرة مسيّرة وأجهزة مراقبة تعمل بالأشعة تحت الحمراء أيضاً يتم التحكم بها عن بعد.

التصريحات الإيرانية المتتالية لم تستند إلى سردية معينة، سوى أن الاغتيال يعتبر قرار حرب، بل شهدنا 3 تفسيرات أو اجتهادات تحاكي آليات تنفيذ العملية: تعرض سيارة فخري زاده لوابل من الرصاص، بالتزامن مع انفجار قاطرة قبل وصوله، ما أدى إلى إبطاء حركته، وكمين بشري معزز بنحو 12 عنصراً، من ضمنهم قناصة، وإطلاق “رشاش بتحكّم عن بعد” صليات من الرصاص.

النظرية الأخيرة – رشاش عن بعد – ليست مستبعدة تماماً في ظل تقدم التقنيات الإلكترونية، وخصوصاً “أسلحة متطورة عبر استخدام الإنسان الآلي”، بحسب أسبوعية “فوربز” الأميركية (30 تشرين الثاني/نوفمبر 2020).

أكّدت المجلة، نقلاً عن مصادرها العسكرية، أن سلاحاً مبتكراً للتصويب والإطلاق عن بُعد استخدم في سوريا “عبر جيش سوريا الحر في محيط مدينة إدلب في العام 2013″، وانتقلت النماذج الأولية منه إلى سيطرة واستخدام القوات الكردية وعناصر “داعش”، بحسب تقرير للجيش الأميركي في العام 2016، بعنوان “التحكّم عن بعد لأسلحة قناصة ورشاشات من قبل الإرهابيين والمتمردين”.

ومع استهداف مكثّف لاصطياد برج الدبابة الأميركية في أفغانستان والعراق، استبدلت القيادة العسكرية الأميركية العنصر البشري في البرج عبر نظام “CROWS”، الذي يسمح بالتحكّم عن بعد بمركز أسلحة، زوّدت الشركة النرويجية “كونغزبيرغ” بنحو 200،000 نظام من هذا النوع للجيش الأميركي وهو نظام معزّز بتقنيات الكاميرا الحرارية، تم إدخالها الخدمة على العربات القتالية الأميركية.

تقنية المناظر الليلة العاملة بالأشعة تحت الحمراء متوفرة في السوق التجاري الأميركي، وإن بمواصفات متدنية نسبياً عن النماذج الحربية، وهي من صناعة شركة “الشبكة الأميركية للتقنية” (ATN)، زوّدت بها القوات الخاصة الأميركية. ومن ميزاتها التحكّم عن بعد بالمناظير الليلية، وهي معزّزة بحاسوب “باليستي” لضمان الدقّة.

من أبرز استنتاجات تقرير المجلّة المذكورة ما وصفته من “ميزات إيجابية” لذاك السلاح، وهي تقليص عنصر المغامرة بمقتل أو اعتقال المتحكّم بالسلاح إلى الصفر، واستحالة رصد وتعقّب إحداثيات مصدر الهجوم.

ورجَّحت المجلّة أنَّ استخدام السلاح عن بُعد لم يترك أي أثر يستفيد منه المحقّقون الإيرانيون، على الرغم من إحدى السرديات الرسمية التي أشارت إلى توفّر أدلة في الموقع تربط الهجوم بالأجهزة الإسرائيلية، بل إن “اخفاء هوية” المنفّذ هو الدافع الرئيسي وراء تسخير عدد من الدول لتلك التقنية باستخدام الطائرات المسيّرة، على سبيل المثال.

الخبراء الأمنيون والعسكريون يجمعون على أنّ هذه العملية “تشكل خرقاً أمنياً كبيراً استلزم قدرات استخباريّة واحترافاً عالي المستوى لا تملكه إلا الدول المحترفة لعمليات “إرهاب الدولة”، وأن الفاعل اكتشف ثغرة ما في المنظومة الأمنيّة الداخليّة في إيران، فاستغلَّها واستطاع أن ينفذ منها، ما مكّنه من النجاح”، وهو ما يفنّد إحدى السرديات الإيرانية بأن أجهزة استخباراتها كانت “على علم بهجوم وشيك”.

في البعد السياسيّ الصرف، بما أنَّ الحروب هي تطبيق للسياسة بأدوات أخرى، وفق كارل فون كلاوس فيتز، ينتقل مركز الثقل لأهداف العملية إلى الصراع الدائر بين الساسة الأميركيين، في ظلّ تصريحات مواربة للرئيس المنتخب جو بايدن، بأنه سيستأنف عضوية الولايات المتحدة في الاتفاق النووي الدولي، “مع تشديد بعض الشروط وإضافة أخرى”.

ومن هذا المنظار، يؤكّد المراقبون الأميركيون تحديداً “تأجيل” الرد الإيراني الموعود، كي يترك فسحة زمنية للإدارة المقبلة للتعامل إيجابياً مع الاتفاق الدولي، وربما العودة إلى إلغاء بعض العقوبات الأميركية التي فرضتها إدارة الرئيس ترامب المنتهية ولايته.

في هذا الصدد، لا يجوز إغفال حقيقة العداء الأميركي الرسمي للنظام الإيراني وتجذّره، والتذكير بين فترة وأخرى بحادثة السفارة الأميركية في طهران واحتجاز موظفيها لعدة سنوات مع انتصار الثورة الإيرانية في العام 1979.

وفي المستوى عينه، يدرك المرء إجماع صنّاع القرار الأميركي على عدم السماح لإيران بامتلاك المعرفة النووية وصنع الأسلحة، استناداً إلى التزام المؤسّسة الحاكمة بكامل أجنحتها وتياراتها “بضرورة الحفاظ على تفوّق إسرائيل على جميع الدول في المنطقة” بأسلحة نوعية ممنوع على الأطراف الأخرى، منفردة أو مجتمعة، اقتناؤها، بل يذهب بعض كبار الاستراتيجيين الأميركيين إلى القول: “بصرف النظر عن هوية الرئيس الأميركي، فسيستمرّ العداء في العلاقات مع إيران كما رأينا وشهدنا خلال العقود الأربعة الماضية، وستستمرّ إيران في لوم الولايات المتحدة وإسرائيل على أيّ حوادث تتعرض لها في المستقبل المنظور، سواء ثبت تورطهما فيها أم لا”.

مع كتابة هذه السّطور، تتعزّز إمكانيّة تأجيل الضّربة الانتقامية الإيرانيّة، وليس إمكانية إلغائها، إذ ينظر إلى التفاعلات الداخلية في الكيان الإسرائيلي المتأزّم، والتصريحات المرنة للرئيس المنتخب بايدن حول الملفّ النووي الإيراني، مصحوبة بجدال في الداخل الإيراني حول التكتيك والاستراتيجية القصيرة المدى للرد الأفضل على جريمة الاغتيال، باعتبارها عوامل لن تجعل طهران تتسرع برد عسكري/أمني، لتبقي لديها هامشاً من الحركة والخيارات المناسبة، بحسب جدولها، وليس جدول الآخرين.

محسن فخري زادة

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Fakhrizadeh Assassination, Peak of US and ‘Israeli’ Cowardness

Fakhrizadeh Assassination, Peak of US and ‘Israeli’ Cowardness

By Elham Hashemi

Tehran – One week after the assassination of the Iranian nuclear scientist Fakhrizadeh, al-Ahed news went on the streets of Tehran to ask people their opinion and feelings on the matter.

Nuclear scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh was killed in a military-style ambush last week on the outskirts of Tehran. The attack saw a truck bomb explode and gunmen open fire on Fakhrizadeh’s vehicle.

Sara Sadat, a student at Beheshti University told al-Ahed news “Trump and the US administration do not have the guts or courage to confront Iran directly and that is why they always resort to covert ops. This is the peak of cowardness and I am not surprised. Anyways it is obvious that such acts of war will not stop the Iranian people from continuing what they started. We have all the right to advance and all the right to enjoy our rights as human beings.”

Mohamad Reza who works at a shipping company for his part said that “my abhorrence towards ‘Israel’ and the US regime keeps increasing with their heinous crimes. They breach human rights, kill, destroy, and then claim their rights are being violated. This is very silly and I think that not only the people of the region but also the people of the world are starting to realize more and more the dual standards and lying of these two supremacy powers. We will not forget the blood of our martyrs and the least to do is take revenge. They will keep living in fear forever.”

Moussa, who was taking a walk on Vali Asr near the famous Mellat park, told al-Ahed that he was outrageous when he heard the news of the assassination. He pointed out “Trump and his allies think that by killing our scientists we will stop our activities. We never sought nuclear arms and all we are doing is trying to use peaceful technology to better our lives. Is that too much for them to take? That Iranians enjoy a good life? I am outrageous but I remain silent, I know our country will do something about this and Trump and “Israel” will for sure regret their actions.”

Lila’s opinion reflects that of many other Iranians. Lila told al-Ahed news “The US keeps proving it is not a friend. The incidents that take place keep proving that Mossad supporters and agents are in the country. So please from now on when a suspect is arrested or someone is sentenced to death do not come and teach us human rights and cry over the story, while lying and telling the world we are terrorists. We have the right to protect ourselves and the criminals must be punished.”

A senior US administration official said “Israel” was behind the assassination of Iran’s top nuclear scientist but declined to give details about whether the Trump administration knew about the attack before it was carried out or provided support.

However, an “Israeli” TV report on November 21 reported that “Israel” and the US are planning to increase pressure on Iran with “covert operations” and economic sanctions during US President Donald Trump’s final weeks in office, which implies that the US is involved in the act of violence.

Of course it is important to keep in mind that Secretary of State Mike Pompeo visited “Israel” less than two weeks before the attack was carried out, part of a regional trip that included the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. President Donald Trump has given Pompeo carte blanche to continue carrying out the administration’s “maximum pressure” campaign over the next two months, the official said, adding that there will be more US sanctions on Iran this week and next.

Weapon Used in Nuclear Scientist’s Assassination Made in ‘Israel’ – Report

Weapon Used in Nuclear Scientist’s Assassination Made in ‘Israel’ - Report

By Staff, Agencies

The remains of the weapon used in the Friday assassination of senior nuclear scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh show that it was made in the Zionist entity, an informed source has told Press TV.

The source made the revelation on Monday, saying the weapon collected from the site of the terrorist act bears the logo and specifications of the ‘Israeli’ military industry.

Additionally, Iran’s Ministry of Intelligence said it had obtained “new leads” on the identity of the perpetrators and that the information “will be publicized very soon.”

A former head of the Defense Ministry’s Organization of Defensive Innovation and Research, Fakhrizadeh was targeted in a terrorist attack involving at least one explosion and machinegun fire in the town of Absard near Tehran.

Relatively, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif tweeted that the assassination bears all the hallmarks of the ‘Israeli’ regime.

The history of Tel Aviv’s sabotage targeting Iran’s nuclear energy program is as old as the program itself.

Many observers believe the Zionist entity is not able to carry out such dangerous operations without the prior information and support of the United States which left a landmark nuclear deal with Iran in 2015.

The Zionist entity possesses the Middle East’s sole nuclear arsenal estimated to contain at least 200 warheads. The occupying regime maintains a policy of ambiguity concerning its nuclear weapons, neither confirming nor denying publicly that it has the capability.

Unlike Iran, it also refuses to join the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty [NPT] and does not allow any international inspection of its nuclear weapons program.

Related News

العالم النوويّ الإيرانيّ…. والردّ؟

جريمة اغتيال

العميد د. أمين محمد حطيط

لا يحتاج الباحث لوقت أو جهد كبير للقول وهو متيقّن أنّ «إسرائيل» أقدمت على اغتيال العالم الفيزيائي النووي الشهيد محسن فخري زادة في داخل إيران، فـ «إسرائيل» في استراتيجيتها تعتمد قتل أعلام العدو في كلّ المجالات لتمنع عدوها من الاستفادة من طاقاتهم القيادية أو العلمية أو أيّ طاقات أخرى وفي أيّ مجال في سياق عملها باستراتيجية «حرمان العدو من مصادر القوة»، و«إسرائيل» تظهر وبشكل يومي انّ المشروع النووي الإيراني يقضّ مضاجعها، لأنها كما تروّج وتخشى من تطور هذا المشروع الى درجة الوصول الى تصنيع القنبلة النووية وعندها تسقط طمأنينة «إسرائيل» الى وضع التفوّق العسكري في المنطقة، التفوّق الذي يعطيها الاطمئنان الى استمرارية الوجود كما تزعم، ولأجل ذلك تقود «إسرائيل» الحرب الشعواء على هذا البرنامج وتحشد كلّ من تستطيع الوصول اليه ضده، ولأجل ذلك وقف نتنياهو قبل سنتين مهدّداً علانية إيران ومشيراً الى عالمها النووي زادة قائلاً «احفظوا هذا الاسم» في أوقح عملية تهديد تمارس على الهواء مباشرة.

فـ «إسرائيل» قتلت العالم زادة، هذه حقيقة واقعة، وفرضت السؤال على إيران والعالم أيّة تداعيات ستكون لهذه الجريمة وكيف ستردّ إيران، خاصة أنّ المنطقة والعالم يمرّان في مرحلة حساسة ودقيقة في ظلّ ما يمكن تسميته متغيرات انتقال السلطة في الولايات المتحدة الأميركية وتحوّلات العلاقات بين «إسرائيل» وبعض الدول العربية في سياق ما يُسمّى «التطبيع» الذي انطلق قطاره بدفع أميركي ترامبي، فضلاً عن تعقيدات المشهد الميداني في أكثر من منطقة في الشرق الأوسط وجواره بدءاً من لبيبا الى اليمن وسورية والعراق الخ…

لكن قبل مناقشة ما تقدّم لا بدّ من الإشارة الى مسألة الاغتيال بذاتها والإجابة على سؤال حول نجاح المعتدي في تنفيذ جريمته ونقول لا شكّ في أنّ هذه الجريمة تشكل خرقاً أمنياً كبيراً استلزم قدرات استخباريّة واحترافاً عالي المستوى لا تملكه إلا الدول المحترفة لعمليات «إرهاب الدولة «، وان الفاعل اكتشف ثغرة ما في المنظومة الأمنيّة الداخليّة في إيران فاستغلها واستطاع ان ينفد منها ما مكنه من النجاح في تنفيذ خطته الاجرامية، وبالمناسبة نقول لا يوجد نظام أمني في العالم يمكن أن تصل درجة الإحكام فيه الى المستوى المطلق بنسبة 100%، فمهما جهد المسؤول وعمل للوصول الى الإحكام المطلق يبقى هناك شيء، صغيراً كان أو كبيراً، يمنعه من تحقيق النجاح المطلق في الإحكام. واليوم سيكون على إيران البحث في الثغرة أو الثغرات التي نفذ منها العدو لمعالجتها بالقدر الأعلى لمنع تكرار ما حصل.

ونعود إلى مسألة التداعيات والردّ على الجريمة، ونقول إنّ مَن أمر بعملية الاغتيال ونفذها أيّ «إسرائيل» وفريق ترامب طبعاً، أراد وضع إيران في وضع من اثنين فإما ان تتقبّل الضربة وتبتلعها منتظرة بايدن لتعالج معه الملف النووي ولا تردّ هنا حتى لا تتدحرج الأمور الى حرب شاملة تجبر أميركا على التدخل ويكون التدمير الواسع لإيران ولمحور المقاومة، أو أن تردّ إيران أولاً ويتبعها محور المقاومة ما يستدرج أميركا الى الردّ وخلط الأوراق وصياغة المسرح والمشهد الميدانيّ بشكل يقطع الطريق على بايدن ويمنعه من تنفيذ خطته في إعادة إحياء التوقيع الأميركي على الاتفاق النووي الإيراني مع ما يوجبه من رفع العقوبات على إيران. أيّ أنّ «إسرائيل» في خطتها تجد الربح في الوضعين؛ فهي رابحة إنْ لم يحصل الردّ لأنها تكون جنت مكسباً بلا مقابل وأفلتت من العقاب، أو تكون افشلت خطة بايدن قبل أن ينطلق في تنفيذها. فهل هذه هي الحقيقة الحصرية؟

لا نعتقد أنّ مصلحة إيران ومعها مَن تبقى من محور المقاومة وبكلّ مكوّناته، لا أعتقد انّ مصلحتهم ان يحبسوا أنفسهم أسرى الحرب الشاملة وإعادة التوقيع الأميركي على الاتفاق النووي، خاصة أنهم يعلمون أنّ العدو شرس ووقح وفاجر لا يتورّع عن استغلال أيّ جزئية وهن في مواقفهم اذ يفسّرها فوراً بأنها ضعف او تردّد وخوف فيقدم على التصعيد في العدوان، ثم من قال إن بايدن الآتي باسم الديمقراطيّين الى الحكم هو حمامة سلام ستتصرّف بعيداً عن إملاءات الدولة العميقة، ومن يضمن ان يحدث بايدن انقلاباً حقيقياً في السياسة الأميركية في الشرق الأوسط، وهل ننسى أنّ بايدن كان نائب الرئيس الديمقراطي أوباما الذي أشعل نار الحريق العربي المسمّى تزويراً بأنه «ربيع عربي»؟ أو انّ الديمقراطيين هم مَن دمّروا لبيبا ومنعوا إعادة تشكل دولتها حتى الآن، أو انّ بايدن هو صاحب مشروع التقسيم للسيطرة المباشرة على الجزء انْ لم تتمكن اميركا من السيطرة على الكلّ لأنّ المبدأ لديه «ان اميركا وحدها يجب ان تقود العالم؟».

يجب أن يتعامل محور المقاومة مع هذه الحقائق والوقائع وقد كان مهماً جداً وفي موقعه في الزمان والظروف كلام السيد على الخامنئي مرشد الثورة الإسلامية في إيران، عندما قال «جرّبنا مسار التفاوض لرفع العقوبات ولم نحصل على نتيجة ترضي، وعلينا أن نجرّب مساراً آخر»، وكان مهماً أيضاً قرار مجلس النواب الإيراني المتخذ بعد اغتيال الشهيد زادة، والذي أكد فيه على الحكومة وفي مهلة 3 أشهر السعي الى رفع العقوبات او التنصّل من التزاماتها في الاتفاق النووي بما في ذلك رفع مستوى التخصيب الى 20% ووقف التعاون مع وكالة الطاقة الذرية الدولية وعدم استقبال مفتشيها في طهران خاصة أنّ الجزء الأكبر من هؤلاء هم جواسيس لأميركا ويظنّ انهم أسهموا بطريقة أو بأخرى في عملية الإعداد لاغتيال الشهيد زادة.

على ضوء ذلك نقول إنّ الردّ على جريمة الاغتيال ينبغي أن يكون حتمياً من أجل منع إرساء «سياسة الإفلات من العقاب» ما سيشجّع «إسرائيل» على المضيّ قدماً في اعتماد الاغتيال وسيلة أساسية في الصراع، فالردّ يجب أن يكون حتمياً وموجعاً من أجل حماية مَن تبقى من علماء ومن أجل الانتقام والثأر لدم الشهيد. كما يجب أن يكون الردّ من أجل ترميم او معالجة الندوب التي أحدثها الاغتيال في صورة او هيبة الأمن الإيراني، ولذلك يجب أن يكون الردّ من طبيعة مركبة في بعض جزئياتها شيء من طبيعة الاغتيال ذاته لتفهم «إسرائيل» انّ في بنيتها الأمنية ثغرات أيضاً يمكن النفاد منها.

أما الحذر وإعداد الحسابات للحرب الشاملة فإننا نميل الى القول بانّ أحداً من معسكر أعداء إيران ومحور المقاومة جاهز للحرب الشاملة، وهم يهوّلون بها في إطار حرب نفسيّة، لكنهم لا يجرؤون عليها، لانّ أيّ حرب مقبلة ستكون خلافاً لسابقاتها، ستكون حرباً لا متماثلة ولا يقوى معسكر العدوان على مجاراة معسكر المقاومة بها، لذلك نظنّ بانه مهما بلغت قسوة الردّ على «إسرائيل» عقاباً لها على جريمتها فإنّ الأمور ستبقى تحت السيطرة ولن تنزلق الى حرب شاملة، لأنّ العدو يعرف انّ الحرب الشاملة ليست في مصلحته.

ونختم بالقول إنّ الردّ الحتمي الآتي ينبغي أن يكون من القوة والتأثير بحيث يعزز معادلة الردّ الاستراتيجي الفاعل الذي يحمي محور المقاومة وجوداً ودوراً ومصالح، ردّ يقوم على أركان ثلاثة: الركن الداخلي وفيه تحسين أداء المنظومة الأمنية الإيرانية وسدّ الثغرات فيها، وسياسي لوضع المجتمع الدولي أمام مسؤولياته حيال دولة مارقة تمارس «إرهاب الدولة»، وعسكري أمني تختار إيران زمانه ومكانه ليأتي موجعاً لـ «إسرائيل» يمنعها عن التكرار.

أستاذ جامعي – باحث استراتيجي.

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حرب الاغتيالات المفتوحة من طهران إلى فلسطين

محمد صادق الحسيني

يقول الإمام علي عليه السلام:

“… فإذا نزلتم بعدو أو نزل بكم، فليكن معسكركم في قبل الاشراف، أو سفاح الجبال، أو أثناء الأنهار… واجعلوا لكم رقباء في صياصي الجبال، ومناكب الهضاب… واعلموا أنّ مقدّمة القوم عيونهم، وعيون المقدمة طلائعهم، وإياكم والتفرّق، فإذا نزلتم فأنزلوا جميعاً، وإذا ارتحلتم فارتحلوا جميعاً، وإذا غشيكم الليل فاجعلوا الرماح كفّة، ولا تذوقوا النوم إلا غراراً…”.

هي حرب الاغتيالات الجبانة إذن بديلاً عن حرب المواجهة الميدانية كما توقعناها وحذرنا منها…!

ولا بدّ لنا ان نحزم أمرنا ونستعدّ لها على كلّ المستويات وبكلّ ما أوتينا من قوة وحيلة.

نعم لقد أوذينا كثيراً في استشهاد عالم الفيزياء الأول في إيران البروفيسور محسن فخري زاده.

وبالمناسبة فهو صاحب إنجازات علمية مهمة جداً آخرها كما أعلنت الجهات الإيرانية كلّ الإنجازات المتعلقة بمواجهة وباء كورونا.

هو أيضاً رجل منظومة الدفاع الإيرانية المقتدرة ومساعد وزير الدفاع لشؤون البحث والتحقيق العلمي.

لكنه قطعاً هو ليس عبد القدير خان (إيران) صاحب القنبلة الباكستانية، كما يحاول العدو الصهيوني الإيحاء بذلك كذباً وزوراً بهدف اتهام إيران بالتسلح النووي..!

هل تتذكّرون عشرات الاغتيالات لعلماء عرب ومسلمين بينهم سوريون ومصريون وعراقيون وآخرهم عالم الفيزياء الفلسطيني فادي البطش!؟

هم يضربون في العلم والعلماء ولا عزاء لنا إلا الحكمة والحزم وشجاعة الإقدام في اللحظة التي تختار قيادتنا.

هو نال كلّ ما يريد في الدنيا والآخرة؛ هنيئاً له. ونحن خسرناه وهي ضربة مؤلمة لا ننكرها، لكن انْ فكّر أحد، أيّ أحد، بأنّ أيّ مشروع علمي قد توقف او سيتوقف في إيران باغتيال عالم هنا او هناك فهو واهم.

فكلّ بقعة من إيران مختبر للعلوم ومنظومة للدفاع.

عن الانتقام والردّ والإجراءات العقابية نترك الكلام لأصحاب العلاقة والمعنيين وفي مقدّمهم إمام المقاومة وسيدها الخراساني العظيم الإمام السيد علي الخامنئي ربان هذه السفينة، والذي يعرف تماماً كيف يدافع عن أبنائه ويحفظ لهم كراماتهم.

لكن الدرس البليغ الذي نستخلصه ولا بدّ أن نسجله هنا هو:

1

ـ أميركا كما ربيبتها الاسرائيلية عدو واحد لا يقبل القسمة على اثنين. وهما من خططا وأشرفا على عملية الاغتيال الجبانة هذه كما في عمليات اغتيال العلماء النوويين السابقة.

2

ـ الحوار والمفاوضات مع هذا العدو المتوحش حول المبادئ والسياسات العامة والإنجازات بكلّ مستوياتها سمّ قاتل. ومَن لم يتعلم الدرس بأنّ هؤلاء غير موثوقين كما يقول السيد القائد: إما أنه لا يعرف ألف باء السياسة أو لا يعرف ألف باء الغيرة والحياء.

3

ـ منذ الإنزال الاسرائيلي في أبو ظبي والذي سمّيناه بالإنزال خلف خطوط التاريخ والجغرافيا، قلنا إنها حالة إعلان حرب “إسرائيلية” استخبارية ضدّ إيران وليست مجرد تطبيع…!

وحسب اعتقادنا فإنّ التحقيقات حول الاغتيال اليوم ستؤكد ما نعتقده بانّ ابن سلمان ورهطه في بقايا قراصنة الساحل متورّطون في هذا العمل الإجرامي الجبان وغيره.

وذلك من خلال تدريب وتجهيز صغار العملاء من منظمة منافقي خلق ومثلهم من بائعي الضمير والوجدان ومرتزقة البترودولار.

4

ـ بالوثائق والمعلومات فإنّ كلّ أجهزة الأمم المتحدة من الصحة العالمية الى الطاقة الذرية، انما هي حسب العقيدة الأميركية أجهزة تابعة للجيش الأميركي.

تفصيل ذلك وماذا ينبغي علينا فعله أمر موكول لأصحاب الشأن وكل ذي عقل حصيف.

المعركة مفتوحة ولم تنته بعد، وبرنامج اغتيالاتهم لن يتوقف عند هذا الحدّ، وساحة عملهم ليست إيران فقط.

كلّ ساحات محور المقاومة مسرح متاح لعملياتهم.

قلنا ذلك من قبل، نعيد ونكرّره هنا… العدو يعمل ليل نهار محاولاً إيقاف دورتنا العلمية والدفاعية. وقياداتنا تعرف ذلك تماماً وهي على قدر الموقف. أُسود لا تهاب أحداً الا الله وثقتنا بها عالية جداً، والأمر لله من قبل ومن بعد.

بعدنا طيبين قولوا الله…

Biden will not end the ‘deal of the century’ – Palestinian leaders are acting in haste

Joseph Massad

24 November 2020 

The goal of the US ‘peace process’ has long been – and will continue to be under Biden – the obliteration of Palestinian resistance to Israeli colonisation

People denounce the ‘deal of the century’ in the occupied West Bank on 28 February 2020 (AFP)

Since the election of Joe Biden as the next US president, reports of the death of the “deal of the century” have been greatly exaggerated. The Palestinian Authority (PA) has felt a sense of relief that its love affair with Israel and Israel’s allies could finally resume. 

The PA had cut off official security coordination with Israel in May, and cooled relations with Bahrain and the UAE after they opened diplomatic relations with Israel this summer. The PA used the pretext that President Donald Trump’s “deal” was detrimental to Palestinian interests.  

In the wake of Biden’s election, the PA declared the deal and annexation plans to be “no longer on the table”. It officially resumed security coordination with Israel, citing assurances from Israel that it would comply with prior agreements it had signed with the PA.

This came just days after Israel opened bidding on the construction of a new Jewish colonial settlement intended to cut off occupied East Jerusalem from the West Bank. The PA has also restored its ambassadors to Bahrain and the UAE. 

Palestinian prisoners

These PA moves seek to appeal to Biden, who is expected to be more sympathetic to their cause than Trump. And so, instead of announcing that the PA was looking forward to being welcomed back into the US capital, the adamantly anti-Palestinian New York Times, the US “newspaper of record”, announced that “in a bold move to refurbish their sullied image in Washington, the Palestinians are laying the groundwork for an overhaul to one of their most cherished but controversial practices, officials say: compensating those who serve time in Israeli prisons, including for violent attacks.” 

Israel has been demanding for decades that the PA not support the families of Palestinians killed by Israel, let alone the families of Palestinian prisoners of war. The US Congress “repeatedly passed legislation to reduce aid to the Palestinians by the amount of those payments”, which were also cited by Trump when he cut funding to the PA in 2018.

Biden will be little different from Trump who, in fact, was little different from Obama or previous presidents

The New York Times added that “Palestinian officials eager to make a fresh start … are heeding the advice of sympathetic Democrats who have repeatedly warned that without an end to the payments, it would be impossible for the new administration to do any heavy lifting on their behalf”. 

This is an important example of how Biden will be little different from Trump who, in fact, was little different from Obama or previous presidents. Biden has vowed not to move the US embassy back to Tel Aviv, nor to rescind US recognition of Israel’s illegal annexation of that city. Perhaps the only difference is that Biden may restore aid to the PA, while curtailing support to families of Palestinian prisoners – details of which are “being hammered out in Ramallah”, according to the Times.  

Security coordination

But as the “deal of the century” is predicated on the premise that the US and Palestinians must give Israel everything it wants, it remains unclear why the PA thinks the deal is no longer on the table. After all, the PA has acted in accordance with that very premise by resuming security coordination with Israel, returning its ambassadors to the Gulf states, and negotiating cuts to support for prisoners’ families – all without getting anything in return. 

The issue of financial support to Palestinian prisoners’ families is, in fact, a central feature of how the US “peace process” has always been premised on coercing Palestinians and other Arabs to join the US in legitimising Israeli colonial conquests and delegitimising any resistance to them. 

An Israeli border guard fires tear gas towards Palestinians in Bethlehem in 2017 (AFP)
An Israeli border guard fires tear gas towards Palestinians in Bethlehem in 2017 (AFP)

Since the 1993 Oslo I Accord, the PA has committed to stamping out all Palestinian resistance to Israeli colonisation of Palestinian lands, collaborating with Israel either by informing on or handing over resistors to Israeli security forces, or by having its own security agencies imprison or kill them. Why, then, Israel and the US complain, would the PA support their families?

This is to be contrasted with the fact that Israel and the US have always rewarded Israeli Jews who massacre Palestinians. A minuscule number of Israeli soldiers who kill Palestinians have ever been prosecuted, and even fewer found guilty, as has been documented by Israeli human rights groups and others. 

Israeli impunity

Last year, an Israeli soldier who fatally shot an unarmed 14-year-old Palestinian boy was sentenced to a month in military prison. The boy’s father told the New York Times: “This is unjust.” He said he feared that the soldier’s sentence would “encourage his colleagues to kill in cold blood”. 

Also last year, the Israeli army exonerated its soldiers in the killing of a Palestinian double-amputee protesting at the Gaza fence who was shot in the chest. The army said it could not ascertain that its soldiers were the ones who killed him. Another Israeli border police officer who killed yet another Palestinian teenager in 2014 was sentenced two years ago to nine months in prison, having been praised by the judge as “excellent” and “conscientious”. Biden victory means the end of an era for Netanyahu

Read More »

As for the Israeli military medic who shot dead an already injured Palestinian lying on the ground in 2016, he was sentenced to 18 months in prison, a year of probation and a demotion. His sentence was later decreased to 14 months, of which he served only nine before being released. 

These are neither aberrant nor new examples; they harken back to the establishment of Israel. Late Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, who expelled the Palestinian population of the city of Lydda in 1948 and devised the “break-their-bones” policy against Palestinians during the First Intifada, is celebrated in Israel and the US as a “hero” for peace. He never went to jail for his crimes.  

Nor did former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, who, dressed in drag, headed a commando unit that assassinated several Palestinian leaders in their homes in Beirut in 1973. He, like Rabin, is hailed as a hero. 

In October 1956, the Israeli army committed a horrific massacre against its own Israeli-Palestinian citizens in the village of Kafr Qasim, when its soldiers shot dead 49 men, women and children coming home from their fields after a day of work, and injured dozens more.  

Despite an initial government cover-up, a trial took place and prison sentences were handed down in October 1958 to eight officers ranging from eight to 17 years. Appeals were filed, and all the sentences were reduced with all the convicted killers released by 1960, having spent their sentence in a sanatorium in Jerusalem, and not in a prison cell.

Officer Gabriel Dahan, convicted of killing 43 Palestinians, was appointed as officer responsible for Arab affairs in the city of Ramle in September 1960. The brigadier most responsible for giving the orders for the massacre, Yshishkar Shadmi, had a separate trial, and was found guilty of a “technical error” and fined one cent. 

Better deal next time?

What Biden and his friends are demanding of the PA today is precisely what Israel and Trump also demanded: namely, that it consider Israeli conquest, colonisation and occupation of Palestinian land – including the killing of Palestinians who resist (or do not resist) Israel – as heroic acts.

Since the PA did right by Israel and the US when it agreed in Oslo to quash any resistance to these Israeli heroic acts, it must continue to do so by not supporting the families of Palestinian prisoners or martyrs. 

It has always been the same deal, which is what Trump tried valiantly to impress upon the world

The goal of the PA, as envisaged by the Oslo Accords, is not only to obliterate any remaining resistance to Israel, but also to quash the Palestinian people’s will to resist their insidious coloniser once and for all. That was the essence of the US “peace process” in the 1970s and 1980s, of the Oslo deal, of former US President Bill Clinton’s Camp David offer in 2000, and of Trump’s “deal of the century“.  

It has always been the same deal, which is what Trump tried valiantly to impress upon the world. The much-awaited Biden, however, will be sure to indulge the PA. He will pretend, alongside the PA, that Palestinians will get a new and better deal next time.

The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye.

Joseph Massad is Professor of Modern Arab Politics and Intellectual History at Columbia University in New York. He is the author of many books and academic and journalistic articles. His books include Colonial Effects: The Making of National Identity in Jordan, Desiring Arabs, The Persistence of the Palestinian Question: Essays on Zionism and the Palestinians, and most recently Islam in Liberalism. His books and articles have been translated to a dozen languages.

Canada, U.S. have ‘selective’ approach toward human rights: lawyer

By Mohammad Mazhari

November 23, 2020 – 10:56

Sari Bashi, a consultant for Democracy in the Arab World Now (DAWN)

TEHRAN – A human rights lawyer says the U.S. and Canada follow double standards toward human rights, noting that they “support human rights selectively”.

In an interview with the Tehran Times, Sari Bashi, a consultant for Democracy in the Arab World Now (DAWN), says that U.S. policy in terms of human rights is not consistent. 

“Unfortunately, the United States and Canada support human rights selectively, and the United States, in particular, has not done nearly enough to call out its allies for human rights abuses,” Bashi points out.

Canada and the U.S. accuse other countries of human rights violations while they themselves sell weapons to tyrannical regimes in West Asia, which are used against defenseless people, especially in Yemen. 

Canada claims a global reputation as a human rights defender, while the Ottawa government has a bad record when it comes to the rights of the indigenous peoples. According to reports revealed by the Human Rights Watch, the Natives are deprived of the right to safe drinking water, and police mistreat and abuse indigenous women and girls.

Bashi also says the U.S. is misusing its influence to allow its allies, such as Israel, to commit crimes.

 The following is the text of the interview:

Q: Certain Western states have a bad record in view of human rights, so are these countries entitled to condemn other countries?

  A: I think the fact that all authorities abuse human rights do not disqualify any particular government from raising human rights issues with others. Certainly, the best way to encourage respect for human rights is to lead by example, and every government in the world that has invested more energy in improving in own human rights record could be more credible to criticize other government who may not be; but at the same time I think it is always legitimate to raise the issue of human rights abuses and we should make sure that we are holding our governments accountable to universal standards of human rights as articulated by international instruments.

“We should make sure that we are holding our governments accountable to universal standards of human rights as articulated by international instruments,” the consultant for Democracy in the Arab World Now (DAWN) says. Q: When it comes to Israeli crimes against Palestinians, why do countries like Canada and the U.S. give full support to Tel-Aviv? How is it possible that Israel wins such support?

A: I think lack of accountability for Israeli violations of human rights and international law against Palestinians reflects a weakness in accountability of the international system.

Unfortunately, the UN Security Council cannot act in the Israel-Palestine case because of the veto power of powerful members, especially the United States, while other mechanisms of accountability such as the International Criminal Court are struggling to have jurisdiction over war crimes committed in Palestine. So we have a lot of work to do in obtaining a stronger mechanism of accountability, and the fact that Israel enjoys such a strong military and financial support from the United States reflects a distorted political system in which the U.S. as a superpower is using its significant influence to allow its allies to commit abuses.

Q: Why is Canada not really concerned about human rights violations when it clinches arms deals with a value of 15 billion dollars with Saudi Arabia? Is it justifiable to say that Canada is not aware that these weapons are used against children and women in Yemen?

A: Canada, like all countries, has a responsibility to ensure that it does not violate human rights or international humanitarian law including in its military deals; so selling weapons to actors who are committing war crimes in Yemen will be a violation of Canada’s obligations and certainly, the Canadian government and the Canadian people have a responsibility to ensure that their foreign policy respects human rights and does not contribute to war crimes. 

Q: Washington has imposed harsh sanctions on Iran that are hampering Iran’s access to medicine. At such a hard time, countries like Canada have been cooperating with Washington in pushing ahead with its unilateral sanctions by refusing to sell humanitarian goods to Iran.  What is your comment?

 A: Unfortunately, the United States and Canada support human rights selectively, and the United States, in particular, has not done nearly enough to call out its allies for human rights abuses. At DAWN, we believe that U.S. policy should be consistent. So the same standard in terms of respecting human rights that are applied towards Iran should also be applied towards Israel and every other country because these are universal standards of how government should treat the people under their control.

Q: Why have Western countries, especially Canada and the U.S., preferred to turn a blind eye to Khashoggi’s murder while they knew that Mohammed bin Salman was directly responsible for that crime? How could Saudis distract attention away from their crimes and influence human rights bodies in the UN?

A: I think the lack of accountability for the murder of Jamal Khashoggi reflects a weakness in the system of international politics and especially the United States, which is selling Saudi Arabia billions of dollars in the arms trade and providing diplomatic cover that allows the Saudi government to act with impunity. The lack of accountability for Jamal Khashoggi’s murder regarding the role of Mohammad Bin Salman indicates that real change is needed. What is encouraging is that in the United States, there is pressure not just from the American people but also in the American Congress seeking accountability, and I remind that the U.S. Congress has required the federal government to provide information about those responsible for Jamal Khashoggi’s murder in the form of a DNI (Director of National Intelligence) report that was to be published last year. Unfortunately, the Trump administration has ignored that mandate and refused to release the report.  The refusal is the subject of litigation in U.S. courts, and we hope that the incoming administration will follow the law and do what Congress has required, which is to reveal what American intelligence services know about the murder of Jamal Khashoggi. 

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Syria 3rd Secretary at the UN Alya Ali Fires Back at the Israeli Rep.

November 11, 2020 Arabi Souri 

Syria 3rd Secretary at United Nations Alya Ali

The Third Secretary in the Syrian mission to the United Nations, Alya Ali, responds to Israeli allegations against Syria at the official session of the Fourth Committee on Special Political Issues and Decolonization, held on November 3, 2020.

The Syrian delegate listed only a few of Israel’s crimes against the Palestinians and Arabs since its establishment and before that, including the assassination of the Swedish UN ambassador, Falk Bennadot, the cross-border attacks against Syria in violation of the forces separation decision of 1974, and the theft of Syrians’ lands in the occupied Golan, among others.https://videopress.com/embed/N3eDaLZ3?preloadContent=metadata&hd=1The video is also available on Bitchute and YouTube.

Following is the English translation of the reply of the Syrian Representative Alya Ali:

Thank you, Mr. President.

I would like to touch on the following points:

First, Syria is a founding member state of the United Nations at the San Francisco conference in 1945, when the Zionist Stern and Haganah gangs were killing Palestinians, stealing their land, and assassinating the Swedish international mediator Count Falk Bernadotte by blowing up the hotel in which he was staying in Jerusalem.

Secondly, Israel is obligated under the 1974 Agreement on the Separation of Forces in the occupied Syrian Golan not to launch any military operations across the separation line. I advise the Israeli representative to review the reports of UNDOF forces confirming the occurrence of frequent Israeli violations of this agreement sponsored by the United Nations.

Israel Bombs an Elementary School in Quneitra Southwest of Syria

Third, Israel has not implemented Security Council Resolution No. 497 of 1981, which demanded that it abolish the imposition of its laws on the occupied Syrian Golan, instead, it proceeded with measures to steal the lands of the Syrians in the occupied Golan and established partnership projects with the American Genie Oil and Gas Company, headed by former US Vice President Dick Cheney, for exploration of oil in the Golan, with the consequent confiscation of thousands of hectares of farms, cutting down trees, closing water springs, and expelling the Syrian population from their villages and lands.

Fourth, it is known that the General Assembly’s decision to accept the membership of the Israeli entity in the United Nations stipulates that it be a peace-loving country, something that has never been achieved since 1948 it has occupied the UN agenda around the clock with its aggressive and criminal actions against the Palestinian people and its neighbors. The 800 resolutions adopted by the General Assembly and the 88 resolutions adopted by the Security Council against it bear witness to the relevance of what we say.

Fifthly, the Israeli entity has not joined any of the agreements banning weapons of mass destruction when it possesses 200 nuclear warheads and their means of delivery threatening its neighbors and other countries, while my country, Syria, is a party to all agreements banning weapons of mass destruction.

I leave this comparative scene in the attention of my colleagues, and thank you, Mr. President.

End of the transcript.

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How a Black Evangelical Denomination was Duped into “Blessing” Israel

Glen Plummer Social Media

By Kathryn Shihadah

Source

“There are more than 40 million Black Americans, they spend more than $1.3 trillion a year, so we’re a measurable market, a measurable group of people, easily identified, and we think we can also contribute to the advancement of Israel.”  – Glenn Plummer, Bishop of Israel

The Church of God in Christ, or COGIC, is certainly not the first evangelical group to embrace the state of Israel. But unlike most evangelical denominations, this one is mostly African American. Its leadership includes the newly-minted and first-ever “Bishop of Israel,” Dr. Glenn R. Plummer, who now resides in Jerusalem – and he cherishes his new post.

The Plummers’ move from their Detroit home is the culmination of a years-long targeted outreach by pro-Israel organizations to the African American Christian community, including a carefully curated public relations campaign that oscillates between portraying Israel as a victim of Palestinian violence and ignoring Palestinian existence completely.

The mission: American dollars for Israel

Plummer defines his mission in terms of creating mostly commercial ties between African Americans and Jewish Israelis. The two million Muslim and Christian Palestinians who live in Israel do not figure into his plans. As he explains it:

It’s a perfect time to show our support for the Jewish people, and for Israel in particular, and we intend to do that in very tangible ways. There are more than 40 million Black Americans, they spend more than $1.3 trillion a year, so we’re a measurable market, a measurable group of people, easily identified, and we think we can also contribute to the advancement of Israel.”

Plummer, pictured in a matching tracksuit and Nike fanny pack, with a member of his congregation during a 2019 tour in Jerusalem. Photo | COGIC

Plummer’s wife, who now claims the title “the first lady of Israel,” adds that the couple hopes to correct what she calls “misunderstandings” about Israel among Black Americans. “God blesses those who bless Israel, she said, “We want to make sure that Black Americans understand that the way to bless Israel is to speak well of Israel.”

Last month, the foundation Israel Allies named Plummer one of Israel’s “Top 50 Christian Allies.”

African American views on Israel

Black Americans as a group are primarily Protestant – a characteristic usually associated with robust support for Israel – but also predominantly Democrats, the less pro-Israel party. 

Most African American Christians lean left when it comes to the Jewish State. Less than half — 48 percent — endorse Israel, and 27 percent sympathize with the Palestinians.

Although traditional religious teaching in many denominations calls on believers to support Israel, the majority of Black Christians sympathize equally with both Israeli and Palestinian struggles (seventy percent); over forty percent also believe that Israel denies Palestinians their basic human rights and that Israeli laws discriminate against Palestinians (about the same percentage say they don’t know).

The link: pro-Israel charity

The modern African American connection to Israel can be traced back to the late American Rabbi Yechiel Eckstein, who in 1983 created a collaborative charity called the International Fellowship of Christians and Jews (IFCJ). Eckstein has since grown it into a $100 million-a-year organization. IFCJ claims to support the Israeli military, provide aid to needy Jewish families, and promote Jewish emigration to Israel.

Eckstein addresses a Baptist Church in Detroit during the Martin Luther King Day weekend. Photo | Phil Lewis | The Fellowship

In 2014, after over thirty years of cultivating support for the Jewish state among White American Christians, Eckstein began pursuing the African American Christian community. He found the work tricky. Black Christians, after all, tend to be Democrats and not supportive of the more hawkish pro-Israel policies for which he sought backing. But Eckstein had a secret weapon.

He targeted COGIC because of one particular doctrine: a belief that the creation of the State of Israel was ordained by God.

Selective pilgrimage

By 2015 a group of COGIC ministers, including the Plummers, visited Israel with Eckstein, taking in a hand-picked list of Jewish and Christian holy sites, a bomb shelter in Tel Aviv, and the Holocaust memorial.

In 2017, with financial assistance from Hobby Lobby, another COGIC group visited Israel. Notably, the week-long trip did not include Bethlehem, which is in Palestinian territory, or any meetings with Palestinians. A senior COGIC delegate explained that the purpose of the visit was to focus on the strength of Israel, adding, “that’s not to say the Palestinian issue is not deserving of consideration as well. Anything that helps humanity.”

The itinerary for African American church leaders included a stop in southern Tel Aviv, where most of Israel’s 45,000 African asylum-seekers live. The group discussed the challenges these immigrants faced, including racism and economic inequity. But again, the narrative was incomplete.

Israel has been openly trying for over ten years to stop the flow of refugees from Africa and to deport those already present. Human Rights Watch reported that it “recognized fewer than one percent of asylum applicants,” choosing instead to “bully” them or ignore their applications. The government even funded a wall on its border with Egypt and then initiated a policy of detention and expulsion, housing African refugees in large camps in the middle of the southern desert.

Despite the carefully curated itinerary, one church leader summed up his takeaway from the trip thusly, “[D]espite the achievement of some [Africans in Israel], educational and economic inequity remain.”

“From Ferguson to Palestine”

Just before the COGIC trip to Israel, the U.S. saw a surge of Black support for the Palestinian cause – something Plummer has yet to acknowledge.

The summer of 2014 highlighted the parallel issues faced by African Americans and their Palestinian brethren. As Blacks in America protested the killing of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Israel waged a brutal war against the people of Gaza. Over 2,200 Palestinians were killed, 65 percent of them civilians. More than 500 Palestinian children lost their lives in the Israeli campaign along with 73 Israelis, just eight percent of whom were civilians.

The 2015 Black Solidarity Statement with Palestine, signed by over 1,000 activists and 39 organizations, was born of this shared adversity and read, in part:

The past year has been one of high-profile growth for Black-Palestinian solidarity. Out of the terror directed against us—from numerous attacks on Black life to Israel’s brutal war on Gaza and chokehold on the West Bank—strengthened resilience and joint-struggle have emerged between our movements.

Neighborhood watch

Bishop Plummer and his wife made their new home in an upscale Israeli suburb of Jerusalem called Mevaseret Zion, a neighborhood whose backstory is noteworthy if one is willing to search it out.

Before 1948, Mevaseret Zion was the site of the mostly-Arab Palestinian village of Qalunya, population: 1,056. The violent Jewish paramilitary force, the Haganah, destroyed the village as recounted by historian Walid Khalidi, author of “All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948.” The village was one of over five hundred depopulated and demolished in the wake of Israel’s creation.

Plummer poses with African members of the IDF in Jerusalem in 2016. Photo | COGIC

Ottoman records indicate that it had been in existence since at least 1596. Its Palestinian farmers grew (and paid taxes on) wheat, barley, and vegetables, and tended citrus and olive trees.

Kerem Navot, a non-profit Israeli group that monitors land policy, recently pointed out that Mevaseret Zion lies partly inside Palestine. But instead of resolving the trespassing issue, Israel recently approved plans for further construction in the town, requiring the appropriation of yet more Palestinian land.

Zooming toward racism

On June 4, Bishop Plummer participated in a video conference vigil hosted by Yehudah Glick on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. Its objective: to pray for racial reconciliation in the United States following the death of George Floyd.

Plummer and his colleagues may not have been aware that following a 1967 agreement, only Muslims are supposed to be allowed to perform religious rituals on the Temple Mount, the site of the Al-Aqsa Mosque and one of Islam’s most revered sites.

In recent years, Israeli radicals have stormed the mosque compound more and more frequently, often under the protection of Israeli police. Despite having exclusive access to the Wailing Wall, a nearby Jewish holy site, they storm the compound under the auspices of a desire to pray in the mosque compound, a move seen by many Muslims as intentionally provocative. Yehudah Glick’s prayer vigil was both illegal and provocative.

Glick also ignored the fact that both the religious establishment and the Israeli government openly discriminate against the Palestinians in their midst to the point that many experts have described the government’s actions as apartheid. And even as Glick urged his listeners to chant “no more violence,” his country observed the 53rd anniversary of its brutal occupation of Palestine.

Israel’s widely publicized narrative of innocence overshadows the reality of its intolerance, though both Israeli and Palestinian historians have chronicled it thoroughly.

The state of Israel displaced 750,000 Palestinians in 1948 simply because they were not Jewish. It defied international law by refusing to allow them to return; appropriated 78 percent of their land in 1948, and occupied the rest in 1967, with no end in sight.

Numerous human rights organizations have been tallying and reporting on Israel’s decades of ongoing human rights abuses.

In Gaza alone 7,400 Palestinians have been killed through direct Israeli violence (thousands more due to lack of food and medicine caused by the now fourteen-year-old blockade); during the same time period, about 250 Israelis were been killed by Palestinians in Gaza.

Glick mourned the May 25 death of George Floyd and the nationwide unrest in its aftermath. He left unspoken the name of Eyad al Hallak, a disabled Palestinian man executed by Israeli police on May 30 in Jerusalem – not far from where Glick’s own vigil was held.

Hollywood Star Mark Ruffalo Calls out Israel’s Apartheid (VIDEO)

October 9, 2020

Source

Hollywood A-lister Mark Ruffalo has a long history of speaking out for Palestinian rights. (Photo: via Facebook)

Hollywood A-lister Mark Ruffalo called out Israeli apartheid during an interview on the Mehdi Hasan Show aired yesterday.

Speaking to the British journalist, Ruffalo said: “My connection to Palestine came through Palestinians and hearing their stories and then watching this asymmetrical warfare being enacted upon them.”

“That kind of inequality, that kind of oppression, that kind of apartheid.”

The Avengers star has a long history of speaking out for Palestinian rights, during Israel’s 2014 war on Gaza, Ruffalo slammed the Israeli army for blowing up Al-Wafa Hospital killing dozens of patients.

“There is no reason why an ally of America shouldn’t be held to the standards of any other country in the world, especially an ally. And what I see there is wrong,” he added.

(MEMO, PC, Social Media)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (24– 30 September 2020)

Source

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (24– 30 September 2020)

24 – 30 September 2020

  • 17 Palestinian civilians, including a child and a journalist, wounded in IOF excessive use of force:
  • 11 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya; 2 others in Ramallah; 3, including a journalist, in Nablus; and a child in Hebron.
  • Israeli naval forces drown and damage 3 Palestinian boats;
  • 2 shootings reported eastern Gaza Strip;
  • In 62 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 49 civilians arrested, including 7 children, a woman, and a person with disability;
  • West Bank: IOF demolished 4 houses, 3 residential tents, and 7 barracks; 3 dunums razed and lands confiscated;
  • Palestine TV denied from covering demolition in Tubas, and its broadcast vehicle confiscated;
  • Settler-attacks: 50 olive trees burned; 2 farms attacked in Nablus and Bethlehem;
  • IOF established 54 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 8 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks rendered 9 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force, including a child and a journalist in the West Bank. IOF also continued its policy of demolishing and destroying Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes.

In another evidence of the systematic Israeli policy against press crews, and Palestinian and international media agencies operating in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), IOF confiscated Palestine TV vehicle and handed its driver a confiscation warrant, under the pretext that the vehicle and Palestine TV its staff were present in a closed military zone in Jordan Valley, east of Tubas, to obstruct their work and prevent them from revealing the truth about Israeli violations. PCHR considers these violations part of a well-planned scheme to isolate the oPt from the rest of the world and to eliminate stories about IOF crimes against Palestinian civilians in the oPt.

This week, PCHR documented 35 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 9 civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank; 11 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya; 2 others in Ramallah; 3, including a journalist, in Nablus; and a child in Hebron.

In the Gaza Strip, 2 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip. Israeli naval forces drowned and damaged 3 Palestinian boats.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 62 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 49 Palestinians were arrested, including 7 children, a woman and a person with disability. In Gaza, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Rafah.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 9 violations, including:

  • Bethlehem: 3 residential tents and 5 barracks demolished; 3 dunums razed;
  • Hebron: 3 houses served cease-construction notices, concrete pump and cement mixer confiscated; and 2 houses (built of bricks and tin-plates) demolished;
  • Tubas: 1639 sqm confiscated; 2 houses demolished in the Northern Valley; and 2 cars confiscated, including Palestine TV’s car.
  • Nablus: tin-plated barracks demolished;
  • Jericho: barracks demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 2 attacks: 50 Perennial olive trees burned, southern Bethlehem; and two poultry farms assaulted with stones and sharp tool, one in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Also, internal restrictions continued in the Gaza Strip for the fifth consecutive week to contain the outbreak of coronavirus, after coronavirus cases were confirmed outside the quarantine centers in the Gaza Strip. As a result, the suffering of Gaza Strip population has increased especially in terms of health and the economy.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

        I. IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

  • At approximately 00:00 on Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF stationed near Tal al-‘Asur street adjacent to the entrance of Kafr Malek village, west of Ramallah governorate, opened fire at a Palestinian vehicle while entering the abovementioned village. As a result, Mahmoud Farouq Ba’irat (18), was hit with a live bullet to his leg; and Jehad Fahed Ba’irat (19), was hit with a live bullet in his shoulder. Meanwhile, IOF prevented the access of the Palestinian Red Crescent’s medical personnel to the scene and took the two injured Palestinians to an Israeli hospital. IOF called the families of both Mahmoud and Jihad Ba’irat and informed them that their sons went into surgery at “Shaare Zedek” Medical Center in Israel. They told them that their health was stable, and that their detention was extended pending investigation, claiming that they threw Molotov cocktails at IOF.
  • At approximately 03:15, IOF moved into Ein al-Sultan refugee camp, in the central Jericho governorate. Dozens of young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers who responded by firing sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. The clashes continued for about an hour and half, and no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:30 on Friday, 25 September 2020, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuzaa and al-Qarara, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 10:30, Nablus residents with the participation of the Factions of National Action in Nablus gathered in front of al-Abrar Mosque in Asira al-Qibliya, southeast of Nablus to hold a peaceful protest that was occurred heading to the Khilat al-Sakhra area, east of Nablus. The protestors raised the Palestinian flags and sang against the occupation, annexation and the Deal of the Century. As soon as they arrived, they found a large number of the Israeli soldiers are waiting for them, they suppressed the protest and fired live bullets, rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters against the peaceful protestors. As a result, three civilians were injured including the journalist Naser Suliman Shtayyeh (49), working at Flasha Agency, hit with a teargas canister to his back and treated in the spot; and the two other injuries were a 35-year-old man who was hit with a tear gas canister to his face, and the other one (25), was hit with a rubber bullet to his leg.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 7 civilians were shot with direct rubber bullets and sound bombs; two to the head, one in the chest, one in the hand, one in the back and the rest sustained rubber bullets in the limbs.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Saturday, 26 September 2020, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall between the Gaza Strip and Israel, opened fire at agricultural lands and Palestinian shepherds, east of al-Shawka, east of Rafah. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 15:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered at Bab al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada’a closed street. A number of Israeli soldiers fired sound bombs, live bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers and chased them. Resulted in a number of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation and forced the owners of the stores to close their stores.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians, including a child, were shot with rubber bullets in their limbs, and one was hit in his back.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Sunday, 27 September 2020, an Israeli infantry unit coming from “Karmei Tzur” settlement, stormed al-Thuhr neighborhood, south of Beit Ummar, and deployed between civilians’ houses. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with sound bombs, rubber bullets and teargas canisters against the stone-throwers. As a result, IOF withdrew at approximately 19:00, leaving a number of Palestinian civilians suffering teargas inhalation, and no incursions or arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 19:00 on Monday, 28 September 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed at sea off al-Soudaniya area, in western Jabaliya, opened fire and water pumped Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 5-6 nautical miles. As a result, 3 fishing boats were severely damaged and sank, and no injuries were reported. The 3 fishing boats belonged to fishermen from al-Shati’ refugee camp, west of the Gaza Strip. Following are the details:
  1. Boat belonging to Ali Nafiz Salah (34), a boat used for lighting, fishermen were able to retrieve the boat later; 27 boat lights and a generator were lost.
  2. Boat belonging to Adel Sa’eed Abu Riyala (47), whose boat sank and was not found.
  3. 10 boat lights damaged; the boat belongs to Mahmoud Khalil Abu Riyala (34).
  • At approximately 07:15 on Tuesday, 29 September 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahiya in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and intermittently opened fire at them, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They deployed between civilians’ houses, established checkpoints at the village’s entrances and closed the village. IOF searched the vehicles and ID cards of Palestinians before letting them leave the village. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber and live bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. The clashes continued for over than 3 hours and resulted in dozens of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation, and Younis Sufian Obaid (17), and Mohammed Wael Obaid (23), were arrested.
  • At approximately 19:30 on Wednesday, 30 September 2020, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Surif, west of Hebron, and stationed in al-Qrinat area, and deployed between civilians’ houses. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. As a result, a 16-year-old child was shot in his chest and he was referred to the PRC in Hebron by an ambulance. Medical sources described his health condition as moderate. No arrests were reported.

       II. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 24 September 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Bab Huta neighborhood, one of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City neighborhoods. They raided and searched Sufiyan al-‘Ajouni’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF raided ‘Adnan Yousef Mostafa Jaradat’s (53) house located at the entrance to Silat_al-Harithiya village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. IOF ordered ‘Adnan to bring all his money before searching the house. ‘Adnan’s wife, Salam Burhan Jaber, brought NIS 6400 and gave them to the Israeli officer.  After that, IOF were deployed in the house as a prelude to search it. Before their withdrawal, IOF wrote on a paper the value of the confiscated money, ordered ‘Adnan to sign on the paper and handed it to him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar  village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched ‘Abdullah Ibrahim Abu Mariyia’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah, where they raided and searched Mostafa Jamal al-Remhi’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ashraf ‘Abdullah al-Masry (43) and Mohammed Ashraf Abu al-Humus (21) and arrested both of them.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF arrested Ahmed Yaser al-Razem (24) and Mohammed Khaled Hazinah (23) while they were near Bab Huta Gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, and took them to a police station in the Old City.
  • At approximately 21:30, IOF arrested Yousef Ya’qoub al-Rashq (20) while he was near Bab Huta Gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, and took him to a police station in the Old City.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Yousef ‘Ali al-Kaswani (22) and arrested him. It should be noted that al-Kaswani was arrested 3 times during the past 6 months; latest of which was a week ago. Al-Kaswai has been placed under house arrest for 3 months.
  • IOF carried out (7) incursions in Zububa village, west of Jenin; Anabta village, east of Tulkarm; Kafr Qaddum village, east of Qalqilya; and Yatta, Beit Awwa, Sa’ir, and Hadab villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 25 September 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. IOF raided and searched Yazan Jamal ‘Atallah’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Shuyukh al-Arrub village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Kamal ‘Awidat’s ( 29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF moved into al-Sa’diyia neighborhood, one of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City neighborhoods. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Nehad Bader Younis Zaghir (42), and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:20, IOF stationed at a temporary checkpoint established at the entrance to ‘Anin village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank, arrested Yousef al-Shami (26), from Jenin camp, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF arrested Basem Mohammed ‘Asaliyia (46) and his son Malek (19) after severely beating them while they were near Alsilsila Gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates. They were then taken to a police station in the city.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Far’un village, east of Tulkarm; and Halhul city and Hebron city in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 26 September 2020

  • At approximately 12:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Mobtasem ‘Obaid (20) while he was at the eastern entrance to Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF stationed near the annexation wall in al-Dahra area, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank, arrested 3 children, including 2 siblings, and took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Mostafa (13) and Mohammed (12) Yousef ‘Asa’d Khalil Yaseen, and Mohammed Ayman Khalil Yaseen (13).

Sunday, 27 September 2020

  • At approximately 13:00 on Sunday, 27 September 2020, the two children Saied Mohammed al-A’war (17) and Mohamed Subhi Zaloum (17) surrounded themselves to the Moscovia Prison in West Jerusalem, in order to complete their trial procedures after they were placed under 5-month actual and house arrest, in addition to deporting them away from their house located in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.  It should be noted that al-A’war and   Zaloum surrounded themselves as a prelude to take them to Damon Prison until issuing a sentence against them. Both of them were accused of throwing Molotov cocktails at a bus carrying settlers. The two children were arrested on 05 April 2020 after raiding their houses in Silwan village. They were taken and interrogated in Ashkelon prison for 22 days; during which they were beaten, caused and shackled (shabeh) for several hours. After that, they were transferred to Megiddo Prison and then to  Damon Prison. The court extended their arrest until issuing the indictment. Al-A’war and Zaloum’s lawyer, Mohammed Mahmoud, submitted applications to the District Court, calling for releasing them and placing them under a house arrest, but the court refused his request. The lawyer filed an appeal to the Israeli Supreme Court and managed to release them on parole on 06 April 2020.

Monday, 28 September 2020

  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Husan village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Mahmoud ‘Atiyia Shosha’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.  They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, ‘Emad al-Deen Khalil ‘Abisan (33) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF who were patrolling near “Elon Moreh“ settlement, which is established on Beit Furik, Deir al-Hatab and Salem villages lands, northeast of Nablus, arrested 4 civilians. IOF claimed that those civilians had Molotov cocktails. It turned out later that the arrestees are from Ein Beit al-Ma’ refugee camp, west of Nablus, and IOF took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Mohammed Eyad Hamdi (18), Kareem Shaheen (19). Mohammed Akram Hamdi (19), and Mohammed Jalal Abu al-Reesh (18).
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Dura city, Beit Ula, al-Hadab and Beit ‘Amra villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 29 September 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed ‘Emad al-Badawi’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF stationed at Jit village intersection, north of Qalqilya, arrested ‘Alaa Hussam Nassar (20), from Anabta village, east of Tubas, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Qusai ‘Abed ‘Olayan (22), Mohammed Mousa Mostafa (19) and Yunis Wesam Abu al-Humus (18).
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into al-Salam suburb in Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hazem Ayman al-Tamimi’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Khalil Mohammed ‘Abed al-Latif’s (45) shop and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF stationed at Deir Ballut intersection, west of Salfit, arrested Mo’taz Mousa Hussain Bari (22), from Immatain village in eastern Qalqilya, while heading to his workplace in Israel.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Immatain village in eastern Qalqilyia. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mousa Hussain Bari (49) and Mo’az Ibrahim Yamen (20) and arrested them.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Far’un village, east of Qalqilya; and Sa’ir, Imreish, Ash-Shuyukh, and Beit Einun villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 30 September 2020

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested 2 civilians; one of them was with disability while the other was a child. The arrestees were identified as Aows Mousa al-Salibi (20), a person with disability, and Obai Yousef Abu Mariyia (16).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Idna village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Shadi Hasan al-Batran’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 3 civilians, including a child. The arrestees were identified as Hamza Khowis (18), Ayham Abu Jum’a (16) and Mohammed Abu Ghannam (22).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested ‘Ali Mousa al-‘Ajouri (21) and Saif Majed al-‘Ajouri (18).
  • At approximately 11:30, IOF moved into Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Shadi ‘Abdullah al-Motawer (43), Fatah Movement Secretary, and arrested him. It should be noted that al-Motawer was deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for several months, and he is exposed to ongoing harassments by Israeli Intelligence Service; last of which was in mid-September 2020. Also, al-Motawer’s wife was deported to the West bank and her residency was withdrawn.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Wednesday, 30 September 2020, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, where they raided and searched ‘Ayida Mohammed al-Sedawi’s (60) house and arrested her.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Jalazone refugee camp, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 2 siblings identified as Ahmed (24) and Yaseen (26) Mohammed al-‘Araishi.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • At approximately 07:00 on Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF demolished 3 residential tents  and 5 barracks to graze sheep in Kisan village, east of Bethlehem, under the pretext of  building without licensing. Ahmed Ghazal, Head of Kisan Village’s Council, said that IOF stormed Tina area, east of Kisan village, completely closed it, and prevented civilians from entering or leaving the village. He added that IOF bulldozers also demolished 5 barracks and 3 tents owned by Saleh Ahmed Obayat, Issa Abdullah Ghazal, and Salah Ahmed Obayat.
  • At approximately 10:00 on the same Thursday, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles accompanied with Civil Administration officers stormed Masafer Yatta area, south of Hebron and stationed in Ma’in area. Israeli authorities handed civilians 3 notices to halt construction in their houses under the pretext of building without licensing. Following are details of the notices:
  1. An under-construction house built on (100sqm); property of Issa Jamal Hamamdah.
  2. An under-construction house built on (110sqm); property of Ibrahim Mohammed Dababsa.
  3. An under-construction house built on (90sqm); property of Ibrahim Shehadah No’man.
  • On the same day, IOF issued a military order No. (20/12/H) to confiscate a 1,639 square meters from a land owned by Adnan Mustafa Amin Daraghmah in Kherbat Ghazal area in Jordan’s northern valleys to expand a water pumping station from an artesian water well feeding Israeli settlements and  military camps.
  • At approximately 11:30 on Saturday, 26 September 2020, IOF backed by 2 military construction vehicles accompanied with Civil Administration officers stormed al-Khaldiyah area, east of Yatta area, south of Hebron. The soldiers raided a construction site and Israeli authorities prevented a concrete pump and mixer from reaching the site, detained them for a short time before confiscating them under the pretext of illegal work in Area (C).
  • At approximately 10:20 on Tuesday, 29 September 2020, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle and 2 bulldozers stormed Kherbat Yarza in Jordan’s northern valleys, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF demolished 2 houses built on (60sqm) owned by Hafeth and Rami Nai, Hafeth Masaeed under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). IOF also prevented Palestine TV Satellite crews from covering the incidents and confiscated their vehicle.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 10:20, on Monday, 29 September 2020, the Palestine TV reporter in Tubas, Ameer Shaheen, headed to Kherbet Yerza in northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas, to cover the demolition of two houses by IOF. The reporter arrived at the area in a Palestine TV vehicle, driven by Suliman Hejjeh (34). Upon their arrival, the two journalists saw an SUV of the Israeli Civil Administration present in the area to secure the demolition of two houses by Israeli bulldozers. Shaheen stepped out of the vehicle, 500 meters away from the two houses, and started to photograph the demolition. Meanwhile, Hejjeh said that: “Five minutes after our arrival, an Israeli liaison officer came and asked for my ID card and I gave it to him. He took it to another officer and then returned and told me to take everything from the vehicle because he would confiscate under the pretext of being in a closed military zone. They confiscated the vehicle and took it to an unknown destination after allowing us to take our belongings from it. The officers handed me a confiscation warrant.” Hejjeh added that his colleague Shaheen continued to photograph the demolition for half an hour until it was over. He called Tubas Governor and told him about the incident. The Governor sent a taxi for them to take them to Palestine TV office in Tubas.

  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stormed al-Baqi’ah hell in Jordan’s northern valleys, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF confiscated a vehicle owned by Yusuf Qasem Mohammed Abu Arrah, a farmer, and handed him a paper of the confiscation decision.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration bulldozer stormed al-Sababah area, east of Howarah area, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. The bulldozer demolished a barrack built of zinco sheets on (120sqm) owned by Jamil Jamal Khader, from Howara village. Khader  built  the barrack 3 months ago and cost him NIS 20,000 to use it as a car wash, but he was surprised  of a notice fixed on the barrack’s walls by IOF 4 days ago to demolish it within 96 hours under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • At approximately 08:00 on Wednesday, 30 September 2020, IOF uprooted dozens of olive trees after they leveled a land in Husan village, west of Bethlehem and demolished a pergola and pertaining walls.

Mohammed Sibatin, Head of Husan Village Council, said that IOF uprooted dozens of olive trees after leveling lands (estimated of 3 dunums) of many farmers in Kherbat Hammoudah, west of the village. Sibatin emphasized that IOF demolished pertaining walls and a pergola that was used as a store and implanting owned by Adel Sa’di Shushah under the pretext that these lands are under the Israeli full control and no one is allowed to enter them or prepare them. Sibatin also said that Israeli soldiers lately escalated their military measures against Palestinian farmers in the abovementioned area as they prevented them from approaching their lands adjacent to “Beitar Illit” settlement established on civilian’s lands, west of Bethlehem.

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles accompanied with Civil Administration officers, a bulldozer, and a digger stormed Shi’b al Batin in al-Masafer area, southeast of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed between civilians’ houses while the bulldozer demolished 2 houses built of tin plates under the pretext of building without a license. The demolition included the following:
FacilityDistanceDescriptionConstruction yearOwnerIndividuals
Residential house50sqmBricks and tin plates2011Mohammed Ishaq Mahmoud Jabrin11
Residential house50sqmBricks and tin plates2011Mousa Ishaq Mahmoud Jabrin3
tent20sqmShader and pipes2015Mousa Ishaq Mahmoud Jabrin3
  • At the same time, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle ( bulldozer) stormed Jiftlik village, north of Jericho, north of the West Bank. The bulldozer demolished a barrack built of zinco sheets on (100m)owned by Hasan Salem Mousa al-Ka’abnah, from Jiftlik village. Al-Ka’abnah used part of the barrack as a home for him and his family comprised of 10 individuals, most of them are children, and the other part as animals’ barn. The demolition came under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and their Property

  • On Friday, 25 September 2020, Israeli settlers burnt 50 olive trees in Wadi al-Shami area, southwest of al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. Mohammed Brijiyah, Head of Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission said that Israeli settlers from “Neve Daniel” settlement established on lands of al-Khader village, burnt 50 olive trees implanted for more than 20 years in Wadi al-Sham area, southwest of al-Khader village, owned by Amin Khader Salah.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Saturday, 26 September 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from the group of “Paying the Price”, from Esh Kodesh settlement outpost, southeast of Nablus, attacked Ras al-Nakhel area, east of Qasrah village, adjacent to the abovementioned The settlers attacked 2 poultry farms, one of them is owned by Fadi Awatlah and Adli Mohammed Rezeq and the other is owned by Abdul Haki, al-Wadin using stones and sharp tools. The settlers  punctured the water tanks feeding the land with sharp tools, damaged electricity panels, water and cooling pumps,  and  sat fire into a land owned by Adli Mohammed Rezeq, as a tractor and an illegal car were completely burnt before civilians gathered and  extinguished the fire. In the meantime, clashes erupted between settlers and civilians and Israeli soldiers intervened in favor of the settlers and protected them and took them back to the settlement outpost. Clashes between Israeli soldiers and civilians continued during which the soldiers fired tear gas canisters. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.

        IV. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

IOF declared closing the West Bank and Gaza Strip crossings on Sunday, 27 September 2020, and Monday, 28 September 2020, due to Jewish holiday of “Yom Kippur.”

The Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories said that West Bank crossings will be closed during the abovementioned days, except for the following crossings: al-Zaytoun crossing, Checkpoint 300/Bethlehem Road, Qalandiya Checkpoint in Jerusalem Suburbs, Barta’a checkpoint, Nabi Ilyas checkpoint for residents in seam points. The Coordinator added that these crossings will work on a limited  scope for humanitarian and urgent cases and for specific groups of people, who can enter Israel through their permits.

In the Gaza Strip, Israeli authorities declared that only humanitarian  and life-saving cases will be allowed to travel through Beit Hanou “Erez” crossing, while Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum)  will be closed.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 54 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 8 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF established metal detector gates, and put cement cubes at the entrances to Arab neighborhoods in occupied East Jerusalem and completely closed them, obstructing the traffic movement in all neighborhoods. This was coincided with Israel’s celebration of Jewish holiday of “Yom Kippur”, in which it is prohibited to use vehicles and all kinds of transportations until late hour on the next day evening. It should be noted that the Israeli government declared  on 22 September 2020, imposing a wide-scale lockdown that included several sectors, coinciding with the widespread of coronavirus  as they impose huge fines on occupied East Jerusalem’s residents who move about 1000 meter away from their houses or leave their house to do their business without a permit.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to ‘Atara village’s bridge, Silwad, and Ein Yabrud villages, in Ramallah.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Tuqu village, the entrance to Nahalin village, Aqabet Hasanah area leading to villages, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 25 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to  al-Khader, Bet Fajjar, and Nahalin villages, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 26 September 2020, IOF completely closed military Checkpoint (300), north of Bethlehem” in front of civilians’ movement and tightened their measures at “al-Nafaq” and al-Container checkpoints. IOF also  established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Fajjar, Tuqu, Nahalin, and Marah Rabah villages, near al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF established 6 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Fajjar and Tuqu villages, the entrances to Nahalin, Ash-Shawawra, and Marah Rabah villages,  and near al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 26 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Tuqu village, and near al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 29 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Jala, Beit Fajjar, Tuqu, and al-Kahder villages.
  • On Wednesday, 30 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, and Aqabet Hassnah leading to villages west of Bethlehem.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: Beit Awwa village, Hebron’s southern entrance, and Kharsa village
  • On Friday, 25 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Jalajel and Beit villages, Hebron’s western entrance, and ad-Dhahiriya village.
  • On Saturday, 26 September 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Awwa village, al-Fawar refugee camp, Hebron’s western and eastern entrances, and Bani Na’im village.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF closed al-Ibrahim Mosque in the center of Hebron’s Old City and prevented Palestinian civilians from approaching it or performing prayers in it. Israeli authorities claimed that the closure was due to “Simchat Torah”
  • On Monday, 26 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to as-Samu villages, and Al-Arroub refugee camp.
  • On Tuesday, 29 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Kharsa village, and Beit Ummar village.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF established2 checkpoints at the entrance to Beita village, branching from Nablus-Ramallah street, at intersections of Sarra village, branching from Nablus-Qalqilya street, southwest of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Qabalan village, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Monday, 28 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint near the intersection of Deir Sharaf village (on Nablus – Tulkarm main road), west of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin.

Salfit:

  • on Saturday, 27 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Monday, 28 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kafr al-Deek village, west of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • on Saturday, 27 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kafr Laqif village, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Tuesday, 29 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.

Tulkarm:

  • On Monday, 28 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrances to Saffarin village, southeast of Tulkarm.

Palestine – Anniversary of the Death of a Child – 30 September 2000

Palestine – Anniversary of the Death of a Child – 30 September 2000

October 04, 2020

By Peter Koenig for the Saker Blog

Palestine under siege for 72 years. A UK-prompted UN decision in 1947 allowed David Ben-Gurion, then the head of the Jewish Agency, to proclaim on May 14, 1948, the establishment of the State of Israel.

Mandatory Palestine in 1946

The United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine, a UN proposal, recommended a partition of “Mandatory Palestine” at the end of the British Mandate. “Mandatory Palestine” (picture to the left depicting Mandatory Palestine in 1946 – source: Wikipedia) was a geopolitical entity established between 1920–1948 in the region of Palestine, under the terms of the League of Nations Mandate for Palestine. On 29 November 1947, the UN General Assembly adopted the Plan as Resolution 181 (II).

This fastidious date and controversial decision in 1948 brought about misery for generations of people – Palestinians – on their own land, inflicted by a tiny country implanted on Palestine – but supported by a super-power to the point that this tiny country, called Israel, has itself become a super-power – on the verge of expanding herself not only over Palestinian territory, but over the entire Middle-East.

It shall not happen.

This tiny country, ruled by a minority of power-greedy Zionists, linked to a worldwide Zionist-dominated network over the western financial system, and hellbent to rule the world – as the Chosen People, has violated countless UN Resolutions calling for a halt of her deadly aggression on the Palestinian people. And not only on Palestine, but to stop her interference all over the Middle-East, Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Iran – to mention just a few. To no avail.

The tragic and murderous photo series depicts the 20th Anniversary of just one indescribable crime. But it is also symbolic for Israeli-perpetrated atrocities that have been slaughtering Palestinians for the last 72 years – indiscriminately, children, women, men – and no end is in sight, because the west looks on and tolerates. It tolerates one outrageous brutality after another.

Tolerance with financial gain.

Weapons sales to Israel flourish – and trade with Israel is unaffected – as the Jewish people, victims of the Holocaust – that, indeed, shall never be forgotten! – are being used by their Zionist masters to continue instilling guilt on Europe, the world. It’s a strategy that works wonders. The victims cum guilt have become an alibi for today’s Israel getting literally away not just with murder, but with an ongoing genocide.

As things stand today, Israel is about to take over and absorb the Palestinian West Bank without serious opposition from its western NATO allies, the very hypocritical west that is officially propagating peace talks after peace talks – no end. Indeed, no end. Because Peace is not wanted. The United States of America wants full domination of the Middle-East. Its one of the planet’s most energy rich areas, but also one of the most strategic gateways between Eurasia and Africa. So, the symbiotic relationship of the tail wagging the dog, between Israel and the US of A will go on.

Should that take-over by Israel of the Westbank happen, then the entire once “Mandatory Palestine” would become Israel. This may be the “geopolitical” strategy, but are the people at large – all over the globe – aware of this diabolical plan?

When the legendary “Crack” – “There is a Crack in Everything, that’s how the Light Gets In” (“Anthem”, Leonard Cohen, London 2008 – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6wRYjtvIYK0&feature=emb_rel_pause) – will open our minds to the reality of what we humans are doing to ourselves, to humanity – to our fellow sentient beings – we may finally act and choose Justice over Greed, Love over Hate and Peace over War.


Peter Koenig is an economist and geopolitical analyst. He is also a water resources and environmental specialist. He worked for over 30 years with the World Bank and the World Health Organization around the world in the fields of environment and water. He lectures at universities in the US, Europe and South America. He writes regularly for online journals such as Global Research; ICH; New Eastern Outlook (NEO) and more. He is the author of Implosion – An Economic Thriller about War, Environmental Destruction and Corporate Greed – fiction based on facts and on 30 years of World Bank experience around the globe. He is also a co-author of The World Order and Revolution! – Essays from the Resistance.

Peter Koenig is a Research Associate of the Centre for Research on Globalization.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (17– 23 September 2020)

Source

September 24, 2020 – Palestinian Centre for Human Rights

17 – 23 September 2020

  • Palestinian dentist dies of heart attack after an Israeli stun grenade fell next to him near the annexation wall in Jenin;
  • 9 Palestinian civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force:
  • 8 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya, and the 9th was wounded in Tulkarm;
  • shootings reported at agricultural lands and 3 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip;
  • In 84 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 68 civilians arrested, including 4 children;
  • Israel imposed lockdown on the West Bank and sealed off Gaza crossing for the Jewish New Year;
  • 2 Palestinians from Gaza arrested, one at Erez Crossing while travelling for medical treatment abroad; and another after attempting to sneak into Israel;
  • IOF demolished a house, wedding hall, and an apartment in Ramallah and Tulkarm; lands confiscated in Hebron and Nablus;
  • Settler-attacks: 16 dunums razed, a farm destroyed, and 1050 trees uprooted in Salfit and Nablus;
  • IOF established 59 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 5 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks caused the death of Palestinian dentist, and wounded 9 Palestinian civilians in excessive use of force during raids into Palestinian cities. IOF also continued its policy of demolishing and destroying Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes.

The curfew continues in the Gaza Strip for the fifth consecutive week to limit the spread of coronavirus after cases were discovered outside quarantine centers. PCHR warns of the catastrophic implications of coronavirus spread in the Gaza Strip, especially with its already-exhausted health care system due to 14 years of illegal and inhuman closure and collective punishment policies imposed by IOF on the Gaza Strip.

This week, PCHR documented 166 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: IOF attacks caused the death of Palestinian dentist and wounded 9 civilians in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank. Nedal Mohammed Akram Jabarin (54) died after he suffered a heart attack after Israeli soldiers fired concussion grenades approximate to him, near the Annexation Wall, southwestern Jenin, northern West Bank. The dentist was en route to his clinic, located in a village inside Israel. As to civilian injuries: 8 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya, and the 9th was wounded in Tulkarm;

including a child and a journalist: 4 were wounded, including journalist Nasser Shtayyeh (52) from Salem village who sustained a live bullet in the neck, at Kafr Qaddum weekly protest against settlement expansion activities in Qalqilya; another civilian sustained wounds near the Annexation Wall in Jenin, and a child was wounded in IOF raid into Ramallah.

In the Gaza Strip, 3 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and 3 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 84 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 68 Palestinians were arrested, including 4 children. In Gaza, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Rafah.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 11 violations, including:

  • Ramallah: house and support wall demolished;
  • Bethlehem: demolition notice served to an under-construction house;
  • Hebron: a tin-plated room, stone chains, and an agricultural room were demolished; cease-work for a treatment centre, two excavators and trucks were confiscated; also, a 70 m³ concrete-built water tank was demolished. IOF also demolished a 600 m electric-network. Several land plots were razed, including one made with ready mix concrete. A sit-in tent was confiscated; and military confiscation orders of 3000 m² were served, as follows:
  • Nablus: confiscation notice for 803 meters for “Tomer” settlement (considered an agricultural community).
  • Tubas: demolition notices for two agricultural facilities (barracks);
  • Tulkarm: wedding hall and an apartment demolished (area of approximately 900 m²).

Settler-attacks: 16 dunums of fruitful-trees razed, an entire farm demolished, and 950 trees uprooted. Additionally, settlers demolished a caravan, fences and support-walls, an several Zawiyas in Salfit. In Nablus, settlers uprooted at least 100 olive trees.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

On Thursday, 17 September 2020, Israeli authorities declared a full security lockdown on the West Bank, and closed Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) and Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossings for the Jewish New Year. The lockdown continued from Friday morning until Monday, 21 September 2020, during which Palestinians were not allowed to enter Israel, except for humanitarian, medical and urgent cases after obtaining a special permit from the Coordinator Office in the Territories. IOF usually imposes a full-scale closure and restriction on Palestinian’s movement during the Jewish holidays.

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Also, internal restrictions continued in the Gaza Strip for the fifth consecutive week to contain the outbreak of coronavirus, after coronavirus cases were confirmed outside the quarantine centers in the Gaza Strip. As a result, the suffering of Gaza Strip population has increased especially in terms of health and the economy.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

 I. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity

  • At approximately 12:30 on Friday, 18 September 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and intermittently opened fire at them for an hour, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 18 September 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians were shot; one of them was shot to his head, and the rest was shot to their limbs.
  • At approximately 14:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered at Bab al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada’a closed street. A number of Israeli soldiers fired sound bombs, live bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers and chased them around Be’er Sheva and Beir al-Hums streets. Resulted in a number of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation.
  • Also on Friday evening, a Palestinian dentist died after he suffered a heart attack due to Israeli soldiers’ firing of concussion grenades approximate to him, near the Annexation Wall, southwestern Jenin, northern West Bank. The dentist was in route to his clinic, located in a village inside Israel.

According to PCHR investigations, at approximately 14:30 on Friday, Israeli occupation forces (IOF) deployed by the Annexation Wall, near Barta’a checkpoint, southwestern of Jenin, shot stun grenades and teargas canisters at Palestinians attempting to cross into Israel via holes in the annexation wall, some going to work in Israel. Several stun grenades fell near the late dentists, Nedal Mohammed Akram Jabarin (54), from al-Marah neighborhood in Jenin, while he was at least 100 meters away from the gates. Jabarin was going to his dental clinic in Barta’a village, located behind the annexation wall. As a result, he suffered a heart attack and was transported to Dr. Khalil Suleiman Governmental Hospital in Jenin where he was pronounced dead. Jabarin’s family confirmed to PCHR’s fieldworker that the dentist did not suffer any illnesses or any health problems.

It should be noted that the late Dr. Jabarin had two dental clinics, one in Jenin and the other in Barta’a village; the latter was recently opened, and he was heading for work at the Barta’a clinic when he was killed. Dr. Jabarin went through one of the holes in the annexation wall due to the Israeli-imposed full lockdown on the West Bank since Friday morning for the Jewish New Year; the lockdown will continue until Sunday midnight, as well as the 3-week complete lockdown announced in Israel due to the coronavirus pandemic.

While stun and tear gas grenades are widely used across the globe to disperse protests and gatherings, they are often used by IOF in violation of international standards which prohibit shooting such grenades directly at people. This practice has led, in dozens of cases, to death and extreme injuries. Additionally, the explosion of stun grenades near targeted persons causes temporary hearing loss as well as direct injuries.

  • At approximately 00:30 on Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Ali al-Kaswani’s (22) house and arrested him. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber and live bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. Resulted in dozens of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 09:15, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and intermittently opened fire at them for an hour, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:30, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Fukhari village, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians were shot with live bullets; one to the shoulder, two in the back, and the fourth sustained a bullet in the thigh.
  • At approximately 21:00, an Israeli infantry unit stormed the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and deployed between civilians’ houses causing fear and panic. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with teargas canisters against the stone-throwers. As a result, a number of Palestinian civilians suffered teargas inhalation, and no incursions or arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on Sunday, 20 September 2020, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron and stationed near the UNRWA distribution center. IOF stopped and searched the Palestinian vehicles and checked their ID cards. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with sound bombs and teargas canisters randomly against the stone-throwers and houses. As a result, a number of Palestinian civilians suffered teargas inhalation, and no incursions or arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:10 on Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF moved into Anabta village, east of Tulkarm, and fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at Palestinian civilians, claiming that they were exposed to stone-throwing. As a result, a 20-years-old civilian was shot with a direct teargas canister to his lower limbs, and he was taken to the hospital for treatment.
  • At approximately 02:30 on Tuesday, 22 September 2020, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ibrahim Abu Shammala (21) and Hamada Abu Shammala (19). Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with rubber bullets and teargas canisters against them. As a result, dozens of Palestinian civilians suffered teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 07:30, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara village, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 07:40 on Wednesday, 23 September 2020, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a village, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 08:00, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and intermittently opened fire at them, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.

  II. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 17 September 2020:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Zububa village, west of Jenin, where they raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Khaled ‘Abdullah Jaradat (20), Rafeeq Mohanad Rafeeq ‘Amarnah (21), Taleb ‘Abdullah Jaradat (22), Ahmed Maher Sa’ied Sha’abnah (20), and Ahmed Rafeeq Mohammed ‘Amarnah (20).
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Yatta city in southern Hebron, where they raided and searched Yunis Mohammed al-Najjar’s (39) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched three houses, from which they arrested Ahmed ‘Abed al-Rahman Abu Sel (20), Mohammed Khaled Abu Sel (19) and Jehad ‘Emad al-Titi (22).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mo’ath Nehad ‘Obaid (22) and Akram Ghadeb ‘Obaid (18) along with his brother Mohammed (26).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Harsh al-Sa’ada area, east of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested two siblings Ahmed (22) and Mohammed (24) Ziyad Abu Kharj.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Lid village, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched ‘Emad ‘Abed al-Raheem al-Rayys’s (49) house and arrested his him along with his son Ja’far (18).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Iba village, west of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mojahed Jamal Saleem’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kafr Dan village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Fareq ‘Abed (34) and Mohammed Ahmed Salah (38).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed in Abu Ktilah neighborhood. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested Ahmed Fahed al-Natsha (30) and Mansour Ahmed al-Natsha (28).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Ni’lin village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mo’tasem Salem Srour’s (23) house and arrested him. Srour was later released after interrogating him for few hours.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit. They raided and searched two houses belonging to ‘Ali Mahmoud al-Qaq (22) and Ibrahim Foad Khalil Abu Ya’qoub (24) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 13:40, an Israeli special undercover unit “Mista’arvim” sneaked into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank, via a bus with a Palestinian license plate and stationed near Ya’bad fuel station. They arrested Mohammed Mahmoud ‘Awidat Zakarna (26), from Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, where they raided and searched Ibrahim Mohammed al-Natsha’s (24) house and arrested him. Few hours later, al-Natsha was released provided that he would be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for a week, and then he will return to al-Qashla Police Station to renew his deportation.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Tammun village in  Tubas; in Saffarin, southeast of Tulkarm; and in Al-Bireh and Birzeit in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 18 September 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hanthaza area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Jameel ‘Abed Jawareesh’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF stationed at lions gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, arrested 7 civilians while getting out of al-Aqsa Mosque and took them to al-Qashla police station for interrogation. The arrestees were identified as: Rami Salah al-Fakhori (29), Ibrahim Mohammed al-Natsha (24), Jehad Naser Qawas (26), Ahmed ‘Abdullah Abu Ghazala (51), Ahmed al-Natsha, Rafat Sameeh Najeeb (32), and ‘Esam ‘Abdullah ‘Emirah (72). After interrogating them for few hours, Israeli police released ‘Esam‘Emirah and Rafat  Najeeb provided that they would be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for 6 months, in addition to imposing a fine of NIS 5000 on them, under the pretext of inciting Palestinians and organizing illegal assembly.. Also, Israeli police released Rami al-Fakhori  provided that he would be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for  a week.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed at al-Hamra military checkpoint in central Jordan Valley, north of the West Bank, arrested Khaled Mohammed al-Bazour (33) from Raba village, southeast of Jenin.
  • At approximately 19:20, IOF backed by military vehicles moved 100 meters towards al-Shawka village in eastern Rafah, south of the Gaza Strip. The military vehicles leveled and combed lands before they redeployed along the border fence.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF arrested Hamza Abu Nab (17) while he was near Herod Gate, central of occupied East Jerusalem. Abu Nab was severely beaten and taken to “ al-Breed” police station on Salah al-Deen street.
  • IOF carried out (8) incursions in Sebastia, Madama, Burin, and Sarra villages in Nablus; and As-Samu, Surif and Haska villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 19 September 2020

  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Arraba village, southwest of Jenin; and in Al-Bireh  and Beit Ummar and Nuba villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 20 September 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched Adham Ziyad Abu ‘Aisha’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Deir Sammit village, southwest of Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Islam Sabri Daib Masalma’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed at lions gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, arrested ‘Abdullah al-Joulani (20) and Mohammed ‘Atieq (20), taking them to a police station in the city.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Beit Furik village, northeast of Nablus; and as-Samu, ad-Dhahiriya and Kerza villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 21 September 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Sa’ir village in Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed ‘Isaa Shalaldah’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Anabta village in  eastern Tulkarm, where they raided and searched Khairy Sa’ied Hanoun’s (60) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Isawiya  village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Malek Mostafa’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to journalist Mohammed Qarout Edkidak (27) and handed him a notice to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Moscovia “ police station in west Jerusalem. It should be noted that IOF arrested Edkidak 3 weeks ago after storming his house and interrogated him in al Bareed police station about his journalistic work and owning drone for aerial photography. Edkidak was released next day dawn on bail.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Qalqilyia, where they raided and searched Mo’tasem Mohammed Nazzal’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF and accompanied with military vehicles moved into Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus, and patrolled the village streets. They arrested Omar ‘Atallah Hazem (13) and Mohammed Sa’adah Khalil (14) and released them later in front of “Ali” and “Shvut Rahel” settlements near the village.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in An-Nassariya, Salim, Azmut, and Madama villges in Nablus; and Ash-Shuyukh and Deir al-‘Asal villages in Hebron.No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 22 September 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Aida Camp, north of Bethlehem, where they raided and searched Mohammed Ziyad ‘Ateeq’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Khaled Hamad’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Handaza area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Aseed Hasan al-Wardayn’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Marah Rabah village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Moneer Nasee, Taqatqah’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Marah Rabah village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Husam Mohammed al-Sheikh’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:20, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Saied Mahmoud Nakhla (62), Leader of the Islamic Jihad Movement, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:40, IOF moved into Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Rashad Mohammed Hammad (27) and Mujahed Mahmoud al-Najjar (30) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Beit Rima village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Fadi Bajes al-Remawi’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:40, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Ni’lin village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched ‘Abdul Qader Mostafa al-Khawaja’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF arrested Mohammed al-Zain (25), from al-Thawri neighborhood in southern occupied East Jerusalem, while he was on al-Wad Street in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Al-Zain was severely beaten and taken to al-Qashla Police Station. Few hours later, al-Zain was released after paying a fine of NIS 500, under the pretext of violating COVID-19 rules, and was deported 1000 meters away from his house.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Birzeit village, north of Ramallah; and Sa’ir, Khasa and Halhul villages. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 23 September 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into as-Samu village in southern Hebron, where they raided and searched Mohammed Eyad Khalila’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed in Johar Mount area. They raided and searched Mohammed Ahmed Abu Hamida’s (40) house and withrew later. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into      Beit Fajjar village in southern Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Shaher ‘Isaa Taqatqah’s (25) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Tubas city, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested ‘Obada Shareef ‘Abed al-Razeq (29), taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF stationed at Mavi Dotan checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Saleh Khaled Sadeq Yaseen “Kmail” (18) and Hafiz Ibrahim Zayoud “ Kmail” (40), from Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Burqa village, northwest of Nablus; and Al-Arroub refugee camp and Al-Majd village in Hebron.  No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • At approximately 02:20 on Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF reinforced with military construction vehicles and 2 bulldozers stormed Beit Sira village, west of Ramallah and stationed at the entrance to al-Latroun street (443), adjacent to the village’s intersection. They demolished Mohammed Ismail Anqawi’s house (37).

Mohammed said to PCHR’s fieldworker that he started constructing his 2-story house on (100sqm) in 2010, and he and his family lived in it on 10 May 2020.  Anqawi emphasized that on 15 June 2020, he received a notice from the Israeli Civil Administration to demolish his house under the pretext non-licensing and illegal construction in Area (C) according to the 1993 Oslo Accords. He added that he headed to Israeli courts more than one and the appeals decisions to demolish the house were rejected. On the same day, at dawn, he was surprised when IOF completely demolished his house.  Anqawi pointed out that the house cost him about NIS 300,000.

  • On Thursday, morning 17 September 2020, IOF notified an under-construction house in Tuqu village, southeast of Bethlehem and confiscated a concrete pump. Mayor of Tuqu village, Tayseer Abu Mefreh, said that IOF stormed al-Halqoum area, west of the village and notified Faisal Mohammed al-Amou to halt construction in his under-construction house. Abu Mefreh said that IOF notified his 2-story house built on (140 sqm) under the pretext of non-licensing. He added that IOF confiscated a concrete pump from al-Ma’moun Concrete Factory while pouring cement on his house. IOF threatened Abu Mefreh of not working on the house he would be subject to legal prosecution.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Tibah, east of Tarqumiyah village, northwest of Hebron. The soldiers deployed the area and the bulldozer demolished a tinplate room built on (16 sqm) and stone chain fixed with barbed wire around the ground owned by Mohammed Nayef Mahmoud Shalalfah (45), from Tarqumiyah village.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF backed by 2 military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Jomjomah, north of Hebron. They demolished an agricultural room built of bricks and tinplate on (70 sqm) and a 70-sqaure-meter water well owned Ashraf Mohammed al-Hamouri under the pretext of non-licensing and illegal construction in Area (C). Israeli authorities gave notices to halt construction in the site on 05 November 2020.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF fixed a notice on an electricity column in Madama village, southeast of Nablus, to confiscate 803 meters of a basin No. (7) in Nabe’a Fasayel, al-Zummarah area, well No. (3) affiliated with Madama village lands, south of the village, in order to establish a water purification plant in favor of Tomer agricultural settlement.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF reinforced with Israeli Civil Administration vehicles stormed Jordan northern valleys, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank. Israeli authorities fixed to notices on agricultural facilities’ walls owned by Rami and Hafeth Masaeed. The notices were to remove the 2 facilities within 96 hours under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (c).
  • At approximately 15:00 on Tuesday, 22 September 2020, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers stormed Zif village, northeast of Yatta, south of Hebron. They stationed a land donated from the owners of the Senneh family belongs to Cancer Patients Charitable Society that was leveled to build a treatment center. The soldiers stopped the construction vehicles’ work and confiscated 2 diggers, 2 trucks owned by civilians from Abu Romouz family. It should be noted that this land that has been worked on for 2 months is about 18 dunums.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 23 September 2020, IOF backed by 6 military construction vehicles and bulldozer stormed Kherbat Jbarah village, south of Tulkarm. They demolished a wedding hall and an apartment built on (900 sqm) owned by Jawhar Farah Abu Jaber and registered under his step-mother’s name, Hanan Hamed Abu Jaber, from al-Tiaba city, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (G). The property was under the threat of confiscation in favor of constructing an industrial zone for settlements in the abovementioned area. It should be noted that the period to appeal the wedding hall case before the Supreme Court has not ended as 12 days remain; meanwhile, a final demolition order had not been issued.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Khelet Taha area, south of Dura City, southwest of Hebron. IOF were deployed in the area, while military construction vehicles demolished Mohammed Mahmoud Qateel’s water tank and electrical power network, in addition to electricity poles belonging to Dura Municipality. IOF also demolished Mofeed ‘Abed al-Rahman Hamdan’s concrete floor.

Moreover, IOF confiscated a sit-in tent established by the village residents a month ago to protest against declaring the area as state-owned lands.  It should be noted that on 14 September 2020, Israeli authorities served the aforementioned civilians 96-hour demolition notices, Military orders No. 1797, that gave the concerned civilians 4 days to sort out their legal matters before the demolition and removal. The military decision No. (1797) issued in 2018, which authorizes the Israeli Civil Administration inspector to issue a demolition or removal decision against any building, in which construction has not been completed within (6 months) or has not yet been inhabited (30 days) from the date of the inspector’s arrival to the site.

This kind of notices deprives civilians of their right to defend their houses or facilities. The Israeli Supreme Court also refuses all appeals submitted to freeze or cancel these notices. Also, civilians are denied the opportunity to license their targeted properties, because of the limited time period granted in the military order.

  • At approximately 10:40, IOF backed by Civil Administration vehicle and a bulldozer stormed Bab Shehab area, south of Ni’lin  village, west of Ramallah. The bulldozer demolished a retaining wall built of bricks and cement. The land is surrounded with an agricultural land (1 dunum and 200 meter) owned by Husein Fayez al-Khawaja. The demolition decision came with no prior warning under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • On Wednesday morning, Israeli authorities handed civilians in the southern area in Hebron a decision to confiscate 3000 square meters of civilian’s lands distributed on several areas ( the confiscation was for military purposes), which expires 21 December 2022, and civilians have the right to submit an appeal to obtain compensation from the competent authorities. Israeli authorities use these decisions to establish watchtowers, most of the sites defined in the decision are classified as H2 area, which fall under the Israeli jurisdiction according to Oslo Accords

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 17:00 on Thursday, 17 September 2020, an group of Israeli settlers accompanied with bulldozers stormed Bedia village, west of Salfit, secured by IOF. the settlers attacked civilians’ lands in Khelat Eliyah and Abu Sharoukh area and leveled 16 dunums planted with fruitful trees, completely demolished a farm, uprooted 950 trees, demolished a caravan, and fences and retaining walls and corners. Following are details of the demolition construction:
Owner’s namePlot NumberItem NumberItem NameType of AttackLand area
Saleem Mohammed67Khelat EliyanLeveling 4 dunums, uprooting 100 olive trees, 500 almonds, 10 figs, 20 grapes, 2 citrus, demolishe 280-meter fence, demolish 70 corners,   and demolish 500-meter retaining walls4 dunums
Kamel Yusuf Salamah and Wael Yusuf Salamah612Khelat EliyanLeveling 6 dunums, uprooting 100 olive trees, qnd 50 almods, 40 figs, and 40 grapes, demolishing 640-meter fence, and 200-meter retaining wall6 dunums and 993 meters
Dawoud Abdul Rahman Abdullah Hassan21Abu SharoukhDemolishing a 30-square caravan, uprooting more than 20 olive trees, leveling a 50-meter fence. Demolishing a 50 meter retaining wall5 dunums and 967 meters
  • On Friday morning, 18 September 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from the group of “Paying the Price” attacked took part from “Rahlim” settlement, southeast of Nablus, into the northern area in As-Sawiya, southeast of Nablus, near the abovementioned settlement. They uprooted 100 olive trees, each tree is 50 years old, owned by Ahmed Khairi Abdul Rahman, Motlaq Mousa Motlaq Abu Ras, Abdullah Yusuf Abdullah Abu Ras, and Oudah Abdul Karim al-Khatib.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

On Thursday, 17 September 2020, Israeli authorities declared a full security lockdown on the West Bank, and closed Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) and Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossings for the Jewish New Year. The lockdown will continue from Friday morning until Monday, 21 September 2020, during which Palestinians were not allowed to enter Israel, except for humanitarian, medical and urgent cases after obtaining a special permit from the Coordinator Office in the Territories. IOF usually imposes a full-scale closure and restriction on Palestinian’s movement during the Jewish holidays.

Gaza Strip:

  • The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Of all the Gaza Strip’s border crossings, only 2 currently function: Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) for movement of goods and Beit Hanoun (Erez) for movement of individuals. The Israeli authorities continued to impose restrictions on the entry of goods classified as “dual-use items”, despite their importance in reviving the market, manufacturing and maintenance. As to Beit Hanoun crossing, it is almost completely closed except for emergency humanitarian cases. Lately, a very limited number of individual cases of patients who have obtained medical referrals and financial coverage to Israel were able to travel, and some others referred to Israeli organizations working in the field of health for assistance in coordination.

For the third consecutive week, curfew is still imposed on the Gaza Strip to contain the outbreak of coronavirus, especially after coronavirus cases were confirmed outside the quarantine centers in the Gaza Strip. As a result, the suffering of Gaza Strip population has increased, and there are warns of catastrophic deterioration in their living conditions, especially if the state of emergency is maintained for a lengthy period without establishing mechanisms to protect the poor, unemployed and day laborers, and support low-income households who lost their incomes due to the state of emergency and curfew.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 59 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 5 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Beit Anan village, and the northern entrance to al-Ram village, north of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Thursday, 18 September 2020, IOF imposed a complete closure on neighborhoods and villages of occupied East Jerusalem and restricted its measures on all checkpoints that connects between the West Bank cities and occupied East Jerusalem, within measures taken by the Israeli government to combat the spread of corona virus, which is increasing, especially during the Israeli holidays. IOF also denied access of workers from the West Bank, including permits holders, from entering occupied Jerusalem and Israel, except for diplomatic and international missions, humanitarian cases and emergency medical cases after prior coordination for them.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF tightened their measures at Qalandiya military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem and Jaba military checkpoint connecting between occupied Jerusalem, Ramallah, and Jericho cities, and they obstructed the traffic movement.
  • On Sunday, 20 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Biddu village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.

Ramallah:

  • At approximately 21:00 on 21 September 2020, IOF established a military checkpoint near ‘Atara village’s bridge, north of Ramallah. They searched vehicles, checked civilians’ ID cards and confiscated 2 vehicles with illegal Israeli registration plate owned by Ouda Abu Rajilah and Hasan al-Bazar, from ‘Atara village. On the same day, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: al-Mazra’a eastern village, Silwad, and Ein Yabrud village, Ramallah.
  • On the same day, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: al-Mazra’a eastern, Silwad, and Ein Yabrud villages in Ramallah.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to Marah Rabah village, the western entrance to Tuqu village, near al-Khader village, Aqabet Hasnah area, leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday 18 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western and northern entrances to Tuqu village, east of Bethlehem, and in Aqabet Hasnah area, leading to villages in west of the city.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF closed al-Container” checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, obstructed the vehicles’ movement, and established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrances to Tuqu village, western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the entrance to Marah Rabah village, and near al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 20 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Rashiadah and Marah Rabah villages, near the entrances to Jannatah and Tuqu villages, Aqabet Hasaniah area, leading to villages in west of Bethlehem, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF tightened their measures at al-Container checkpoint, northeast of Bethlehem and established 6 checkpoints at the entrances to Tuqu, Beit Fajjar , Jannatah, and Nahalin villages, Aqabet Hasaniah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem, and near the intersection al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 22 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beit Fajjar area, south of Bethlehem.

Jericho:

  • On Friday, 18 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: Idhna village, al-Aroub refugee camp, and al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 18 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Ummar, and Bani Na’im villages
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrances to Hebron, al-Fawar refugee camp, and ad-Dhahiriya village.
  • On Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: Hebron’s southern entrance, entrance to Yatta city, Bani Na’im village’s entrance, and al-Fawar refugee camp.

Nablus:

  • On Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersections of Shavei Shomron settlement, west of Nablus.
  • On Wednesday, 23 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Howarah village entrance, southeast of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 18 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersections of Ya’bad village, and Arana village’s intersection.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection if Arana village, northeast of Jenin.
  • On Wednesday, 23 September 2020IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kfairet village’s entrance, west of Jenin.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 20 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Friday, 18 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Izbat al-Tabib village, and the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Tuesday, 22 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.

Tulkarm:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Qifin village, north of Tulkarm.
  • On Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ertah Suburb, south of Tulkarm.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Palestine(10– 16 September 2020)

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Israeli Violations of Human Rights in Palestine

10 – 16 September 2020

  • 6 Palestinian civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force;
  • shootings reported at agricultural lands and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip;
  • In 80 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 68 civilians arrested, including 9 children, 2 women, and a journalist;
  • 2 Palestinians from Gaza arrested, one at Erez Crossing while travelling for medical treatment abroad; and another after attempting to sneak into Israel;
  • IOF conducts 2 incursions into eastern Gaza Strip;
  • 4 houses and a residential building self-demolished; other demolition notices distributed in occupied East Jerusalem;
  • 3 construction vehicles confiscated, road-construction and land rehabilitation blocked; 9 cease-construction and demolition notices served in the West Bank;
  • IOF established 70 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 5 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF wounded 6 Palestinian civilians, including a journalist and a child, in excessive use of force during raids into Palestinian cities. IOF also continued its policy of demolishing and destroying Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes.

The curfew continues in the Gaza Strip for the second week in a raw to limit the spread of coronavirus after cases were discovered outside quarantine centers. PCHR warns of the catastrophic implications of coronavirus spread in the Gaza Strip, especially with its already-exhausted health care system due to 14 years of illegal and inhuman closure and collective punishment policies imposed by IOF on the Gaza Strip.

This week, PCHR documented 169 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: IOF wounded 6 civilians in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank, including a child and a journalist: 4 were wounded, including journalist Nasser Shtayyeh (52) from Salem village who sustained a live bullet in the neck, at Kafr Qaddum weekly protest against settlement expansion activities in Qalqilya; another civilian sustained wounds near the Annexation Wall in Jenin, and a child was wounded in IOF raid into Ramallah.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF opened fire twice at agricultural lands and twice at fishing boats, eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 80 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 68 Palestinians were arrested, including 9 children, 2 women, and a journalist. In Gaza, IOF arrested two Palestinians, both from Khan Younis: one at Erez Crossing while travelling for treatement abroad via the crossing; and the other was arrested while attempting to enter Israel. IOF also conducted two incursions into eastern Central Gaza and Gaza governorates.

Demolitions:

IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 11 violations, including:

  • East Jerusalem: 4 houses, and a residential building, self-demolished; demolition notices served to houses and a mosque and an order to vacate a house;
  • Jenin: road construction interrupted, and a construction vehicle confiscated;
  • Hebron: 9 cease-construction and demolition notices served to 3 houses, a sheep barn, agricultural lands and an electric network;
  • Tulkarm: construction vehicle confiscated;
  • Bethlehem: road rehabilitation work interrupted, and a construction vehicle confiscated.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

For the third consecutive week, curfew is still imposed on the Gaza Strip to contain the outbreak of coronavirus,  especially after coronavirus cases were confirmed outside the quarantine centers in the Gaza Strip. As a result, the suffering of Gaza Strip population has increased, PCHR fears a catastrophic deterioration in living conditions if the curfew is maintained for a lengthy period without a protection mechanism for the poor, unemployed and limited-income families, as well as daily workers who have lost their sources of income due to the state of emergency and curfew.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

   I. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity

  • At approximately 07:00 on Friday, 11 September 2020, IOF signed to guard the annexation wall near Thahr al-Abed village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank, fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at a number of Palestinian workers, attempting to enter Israel for work. As a result, a 22-year-old civilian, from Qafen village, north of Tulkarm, north of the West Bank, was shot with a teargas canister to his mouth and he was transferred to Dr. Khalil Suleiman Hospital in Jenin for medical treatment. His wound was described as moderate.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 11 September 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians were shot; including the journalist Naser Shtayyeh (52) who was shot with a live bullet to his neck.
  • At approximately 15:00 on Saturday, 12 September 2020, • a number of Palestinian young men gathered at Bab al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada’a closed street. A number of Israeli soldiers fired teargas canisters at the stone-throwers, resulted in a number of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation. The clashes continued until 17:30, when the Israeli soldiers fired rubber bullets at them. As a result, a 13-year-old child was shot with a rubber bullet to his face, and he was taken to the Governmental Hospital in Hebron.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Sunday, 13 September 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3-6 nautical miles) and opened fire at them causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:00, an Israeli infantry unit stormed the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp that leads to Bypass Road (60) and deployed between civilians’ houses. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with live bullets and teargas canisters against the stone-throwers. As a result, a number of the Palestinian civilian suffered teargas inhalation, and no incursions or arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara village, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Abasan al-Kabira and Abasan al-Jadida villages, adjacent to the border fence with Israel. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 01:30 on Monday, 14 September 2020, IOF moved into al-Zawiya village, west of Salfit. They shot sound bombs and teargas canisters in the streets and arrested Ashraf Farah Qadous and Mohammed Zuhair Qadous, and released them later.
  • At approximately 03:15 on Tuesday, 15 September 2020, IOF moved into Ramallah and stationed in al-Masyoun neighborhood. A number of young men gathered, and threw stones at Israeli soldiers, who responded by shooting sound bombs, teargas canisters and live bullets. As a result, a 16-year-old child, from Um al-Sharayet neighborhood, was shot with a shrapnel of a teargas canister to his neck and leg, and he was taken to Palestine Medical Center in Ramallah.
  • At approximately 13:30 on Tuesday, 15 September 2020, IOF closed the military checkpoint established on the entrance of al-Shuhada street and banned the students of Qurtuba School, located in the middle of al-Shuhada St, street from leaving for 30 minutes. Meanwhile, a number of young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by shooting sound bombs and teargas canisters randomly at the Palestinian civilians, forcing them to close their stores and leave. As a result, many civilians suffered teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 05:45 on Wednesday, 16 September 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (2-6 nautical miles) and opened fire and sound bombs at them causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No injuries were reported.

  II. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 10 September 2020:

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF stationed at the “Container” military checkpoint, northeast of Bethlehem, arrested Bara’ Tayseer Jaber (26), from Jenin refugee camp, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Ammer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ammar Bader Mahmoud Ikhlayel’s (41) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Marwan Mahmoud Eissa Fararja’s (33) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Sa’eer village, north of Hebron, and stationed in al-Shifa area. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Jehad Khaled Shalaleda (34), and the journalist Abd al-Mohsen Tayseer Shalaleda (28), who were taken to unknown destinations. At approximately 11:00, they were released from the “Gush Etzion” settlement’s detention center, south of Bethlehem.

Abdul Mohsen Shalaleda said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

While me and my family were sleeping, we heard knocks on our door, so I opened the door of the house to see the Israeli occupation soldiers surrounding the house. They ordered me to wear my clothes and bring my cell phone with me and accompany them. They took me along with my uncle, Khaled Shalaleda, by one of their military vehicles to al-Fardis military camp, south of Bethlehem, before we were taken to “Gush Etzion” settlement, were I was interrogated about my journalistic work. At approximately 11:00, we were released.”

  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Shuyukh village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Qassam Mousa Halayqa’s (37) house and took him to an unknown destination. At approximately 11:00, he was released from “Gush Etzion” settlement’s detention center, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF stationed at the “Container” military checkpoint, northeast of Bethlehem, arrested Abdul Ra’ouf Ahmed Jaradat (20), from Jenin refugee camp, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF claimed that he possessed a gun in his car. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF arrested Shady Mohammed Abu Akar (34), from Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem, while present near “Etzion” rotary south of the city, and took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that Abu Akar is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • In evening hours, IOF stationed adjacent to the border fence with Israel, east of Khan Younis, arrested Sharaf Mahmoud Ramadan al-Shami (26), from Bani Suhaila village, east of Khan Younis, while attempting to sneak inside the border fence. His father said to PCHR’s fieldworker that Sharaf left the house at approximately 20:00, and on Friday, 11 September 2020, they received a phone call from the Israeli army to notify them that Sharaf was arrested and taken to al-Majdal “Ashkelon” prison.
  • IOF carried out (8) incursions in Ti’inik, Zububa, and Faqqua villages in Jenin; Tubas, al-Aqaba, and Talluza, north of Nablus; Deir Istiya, north of Salfit; and Birzeit, north of Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 11 September 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Khalil Mahmoud Eissa al-Najjar’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians including two children. The arrestees are: Ali Sufian Obaid (18), Younis Sufian Obaid (15), Yazan Emran Obaid (20), and Mohammed Ibrahim al-Kharouf (15). They were released after several hours of investigation in “al-Barid” police station, on condition of house arrest for 5 days and paying (500 NIS) for each.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF arrested Amjad Othman Rasheed al-Far (25), from Qalqilya, while present in the eastern entrance of Qalqilya. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Dura and al-Fawwar refugee camp, in Hebron governorate. no arrests were reported.

Saturday, 12 September 2020

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Arroub refugee camp in northern Hebron. They raided and searched Khader Mahmoud Madi’s (27) house and arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Jiftlik village in northern Jericho, central of the West Bank. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hitham Ibrahim Ahmed Jahaleen (22) and Bahaa’ Hasan Jahaleen (20) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF stationed at al-Jalma checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jenin, arrested Saddam Mahmoud al-Sa’di (20) and Kamal Mohammed Ameen al-Sa’di (20), from Halima al-Sa’diyia neighborhood in western Jenin, after stopping their motorcycle. During their arrest, Saddam and Kamal were beaten and released 8 hours later, while their motorcycle was confiscated.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Halhul city and Ash-Shuyukh village in Hebron; and Al-Mughayyir village and Al-Bireh city in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 13 September 2020

  • At approximately 01:40, IOF moved into Qalqilya, where they raided and searched ‘Ali Yousef Shareeem’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Attil village in northern Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Naserallah Omar Shalabi (20) and Fadi ‘Ali ‘Abed al-Hafiz (23) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Showika suburb in northern Tulkarm. They raided and searched Mohammed Moneer E’mar’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Deir Sammit village, southwest of Dura city, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in al-Roq’a area. They raided and searched Mohammed Foad Rayan’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Ras al-Amud neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched ‘Abed al-Raheem Mahmoud Barbar’s (80) house and arrested him, taking him to MoscoviaPolice Station in West Jerusalem. It should be noted that Barbar is the father of detainee Majd Barbar, who has served 19 years and several months of his 20-year sentence.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-Sa’diyia neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Harees Hijazi’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Hebron city and Beit Ummar village in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 14 September 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mahmoud al-Selwadi al-Ashqar’s (53) house and arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination. Al-Ashqar was interrogated for few hours and later released.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Qarawat Bani Hassan village, where they raided and searched Mousa Ya’qoub ‘Assi’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kafr Ein, northwest of  Ramallah. They raided and searched Saleh Omar al-Refa’i’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Mahmoud Mohammed Hasan Fasfous’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF arrested the Fatah movement’s secretary in Jerusalem, Shadi Mutwar (43) and his wife after stopping their vehicle in Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem, taking them to MoscoviaPolice Station in West Jerusalem. Lawyer Khaldon Najem said that Israeli authorities released the secretary of the Fatah movement in Jerusalem, Shadi Mutour, and his wife provided that Mutwar’s wife and their 5 children would be under Israeli-imposed house arrest as a prelude to displace her from occupied East Jerusalem, after her residency in the city was withdrawn. Najem pointed out that Israeli authorities imposed the house arrest on Mutwar’s wife until issuing a decision on her case filed to the Israeli District Court regarding withdrawing her residency by the Israeli Interior Ministry and deciding to displace her away from her house and children. Israeli authorities claimed that her husband poses a threat to the state security. It should be noted that Mutwar got married in 2006 and after several years, her wife got a residence permit in Jerusalem, which was later withdrawn. It is noteworthy that Mutwar was deported from al-Aqsa Mosque few months ago, and he is exposed to ongoing harassments by Israeli Intelligence Service in Jerusalem.
  • In evening, IOF stationed at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing in northern Gaza Strip, arrested Mohammed Tayseer Saleem Sawali (36), from Qizan al-Najjar area in Khan Yunis, while traveling to receive treatment at al Mutlaa Hospital via Erez crossing. Sawali’s father said to PCHR’s fieldworker that his son Mohammed, married and has one child, is diagnosed with cancer 6 months ago, and he obtained a medical referral to al Mutlaa Hospital. At approximately 13:00 on Monday, his son arrived at Erez crossing with his mother Asmahan Mohammed Taleb Sawali (52). After that, Israeli Intelligence Service summoned Mohammed for interrogation. At approximately 19:00, IOF informed Mohammed’s mother, who was in the crossing waiting hall, that her son was arrested, ordering her to return to Gaza. Asmahan was returned to Gaza and quarantined while Mohammed is still under Israeli arrest.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Kharbatha al-Misbah  village in Ramallah, and as-Samu and Karma villages in Hebron.No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 15 September 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Baqa ash-Sharqiyya village and Nur Shams refugee camp in Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Loai Zidan Jaber (43), from Nur Shams camp, and Rasem Mohammed ‘Odah (40), from Baqa ash-Sharqiyya village.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 10 civilians, including 5 children, taking them to a police station in the city.  PCHR keeps the names of the arrestees.
  • At approximately 02:40, IOF moved into Ramallah, and stationed in al-Masayif neighborhood. They raided and searched Hassan Ishtayieh Abu al-Razi’s (53) house and arrested him. Al-Razi, a former prisoner, was released on the same day.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Tour neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Hamza Abu al-Hawa (20), Fadi Khwais (18), Mohammed Abu Jum’a (18), and Mohammed Abu Ghannam (19).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Baqa ash-Sharqiyya village, northeast of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Hekmat Fawzi Mohammed Khalaf’s (34) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF reinforced with 4 military vehicles moved 100 meters to the west of border fence with Israel, east of Gaza Valley (Juhor al-Deek), southeast of Gaza City. They leveled and combed lands along the border fence  before they redeployed again at approximately 15:00.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef ‘Alawi Hamdan’s (27) house and arrested him. Also, Israeli police summoned Rami Fakhori, Rohi Kalghasi, Jehad Qawas, Mohammed Hazinah, and Hisham Basheti for interrogation in al-Qashla Police Station, west Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and handed 5 civilians notices to refer to Israeli Intelligence Service for interrogation in al-Qashla police station. After interrogating them, the civilians were handed a one-week deportation notices away from al-Aqsa, Mosque with the possibility of extending the deportation decision for several months. The deportees were identified as: isham Mohammed al-Bashiti (19), Hehad Naser Qawas (26), Rami Salah Fakhouri (29), Rohi Mahmoud al-Kalghasi (24), and Mohammed Naser Hazinah (25).
  • At approximately 17:00, an Israeli special undercover unit “Mista’arvim” sneaked into Burqin village, west of Jenin, via a van with Palestinian registration plate, and stationed near a fuel station. They arrested Mohammed Eyad Hasan Matahen (17), from Jenin refugee camp, while present in the village outskirts, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF raided and searched a house belonging to Hanadi Mohammed al-Halwani (42), a former prisoner, and arrested her. After interrogating her for several hours in MoscoviaPolice Station in west Jerusalem, she was released on bail of NIS 5000 and provided not to communicate with several persons mentioned in the investigation.
  • At approximately 21:10, IOF stationed at ‘Inab military checkpoint east of Tulkarm, arrested Ahmed Fawzi Tawfiq al-Wawi (27), from Bal’a village in northern Tulkarm.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Hizma village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested Ayman and Mohammed Khader ‘Aqab Salah al-Deen.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Asira al-Qibliya and Sebastia villages in Nablus; and Surda village and al-Ersal neighborhood in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 16 September 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into al_Jib village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem, where they raided and searched Rowad Mohammed Jameel Khalifa’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Umm Salamuna village, south of Bethlehem, where they raided and searched Murad Jehad Mohammed Taqatqah’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Marah Rabah village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohanad Mohammed Khalil al-Shiekh (18) and Mo’taz Mohammed Mostafa al-Sheikh (18) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Sa’ir village, east of Hebron, where they raided and searched Hamed Omar Jaradat’s (40) house. IOF were later withdrew  and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 02:55, IOF moved into Qalqilya, where they raided and searched Mohammed Sameeh Jaber’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched Hamed Taha Abu Isninah’s (36) house and handed him a notice to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in ” Gush Etzion ” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Silat ad-Dhahr village, south of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched two houses belonging to As’ad Ameen ‘Abed al-Rahmen Hantoli (42), Mayor of Silat ad-Dhahr village Municipality, and Fahed ‘Abed al-‘Aziz Shaker Za’rour (35) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Wadi Abu Friha area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Montaser ‘Adnan al-‘Abiyat (26) and Zayid Mohammed al-‘Abiyat (45) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF reinforced with 5 military vehicles moved 100 meters to the west of border fence with Israel, northeast of al-Bureij refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip. They leveled and combed lands along the border fence and then  moved to southeast of al-Maghazi camp. Later, they redeployed along the border fence.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into al-Sowana neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem, where they raided and searched Ya’qoub Mahmoud Abu ‘Asab’s (48) house. IOF confiscated NIS 21,000 from ‘Asab’s house, under the pretext that the money was disbursed  from terrorist bodies.  Amjad Abu ‘Asab, Ya’qoub’s brother and Head of the Committee of Families of Prisoners in Jerusalem, said that IOF raided and searched his brother’s house and confiscated NIS 21,000. They also handed Ya’qoub’s wife a military order issued by the former defense minister, Bennett, ordering  Israeli soldiers to seize the money, under the pretext that the money was disbursed to his brother through terrorist bodies “the Ministry of Detainees Affairs  “. It should be noted that Ya’qoub was arrested several times and served 15 years in the Israeli jails.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Dura and Beit Ummar villages. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • On Saturday morning, 12 September 2020, Mohammed and his brother Mustafa Jom’ah al- Salaimah implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished their apartments in Wadi Qadum neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing.

Mohammed al-Salaimah  said that  he and his brother  started constructing a 2-story building in Wadi Qadoum neighborhood and each floor has one apartment  (80 sqm). In the meantime, the Israeli municipality stormed the construction area and issued  a demolition decision under the pretext of building without licensing, thus, the 2 siblings stopped the construction. Al-Salaimah added that he intended to prepare his apartment to live in it after his marriage. However, he and his brother had to self-demolish their houses with hand tools to avoid paying more fines and the demolition costs for the municipality, which exceed NIS 100,000. It should be noted that the construction process cost al-Salaimah siblings about NIS 170,000, most of it was lent.

  • At approximately 11:00 on Sunday, 13 September 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers stormed Labid area, south of Araqah, adjacent to the annexation wall, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. IOF the village’s Council from completing the construction of a 200-meter long  Labid Road  that was cut off by the annexation wall  since its establishment in 2003, as the council started working on it 3 days ago. This road links between Araqah village and Ya’bad and Khirbat et Tarim villages and serves villages in west of Jenin  by connecting it with Nablus, Jenin and Tulkarm. IOF also detained workers for some time before they take over a bulldozer owned by Maher Mohammed Hasan Abu Asab, from al-Yamoun village, west of Jenin, under the pretext of illegal work in Area (C). The bulldozer  was used in favor of Araqah Village’s Council.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 14 September 2020, Israeli Municipality crews stormed several neighborhoods in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem and distributed summonses and demolition notices to several facilities, including al-Qa’qa’ Mosque in Ein al-Louza neighborhood in Silwan in the abovementioned village, under the pretext without licensing. Eyewitnesses said that the Municipality crews accompanied with Israeli police officers stormed Kuroum Qamar Ein al-Fuqa, and Abu Tayeh neighborhoods in the village. They also served  demolition notices at several facilities, including the house of the Secretary of Fatah Movement, Ahmed al-Abbasi, which is established for more than 20 years, and a 35-square-meter house owned by Iyad al-Abasi in Ein al-Fuqa area, which is established for more than 12 years. The Municipality crews also hanged a decision to demolish al-Qa’qa’ Mosque in Ein al-Louza and gave the residents 21 days to challenging the decision and if they did not challenge it and attend the court’s session, the court will implement the demolition decision within a month. Sheikh Hani Abu Dayyah, Emam of al-Qa’qa’ Mosque said to PCHR’s fieldworker  the he was surprised with the demolition decision set by the Israeli Municipality officers in the  mosque under the pretext of not paying the imposed fines on the Mosque construction. Sheikh Hani emphasized that constructing the mosque does not require a license from Israeli Municipality  and he did not receive any financial fine so he would pay it. He added that the mosque was established 8 years and was reconstructed and expanded 3 years ago with a distance of 110 sqm. The mosque is built of bricks and include a prayer hall for men and a bathroom  as hundreds of worshipers pray in it. The mosque that is necessary for the area was built from the residents’ donations.
  • At the same time, IOF backed by a military construction vehicle accompanied with the Israeli Civil Administration officers stormed At-Tuwani village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed between civilians’ houses while the Civil Administration officers gave 3 demolition notices that included:
  1. An under-construction house built on 60 square meters owned by Mosab Mor Rab’ie.
  2. An under-construction house built on 50 square meters owned by Mahmoud No’man Abu Aram.
  3. A livestock barn built of tin plates on an area of 80 square meters owned by Mohammed Essa Rab’ie.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF reinforced with a military construction vehicle accompanied with the Israeli Civil Administration officers stormed Khelat Taha area, south of Dura, southwest of Heborn. The Civil Administration officer photographed  a number of under-construction residential buildings in the area and fixed on their walls 6 demolition notices with the number (1779). These notices give civilians 4 days to complete their legal affairs before the demolition is implemented.

The military decision No. (1797) issued in 2018, allows the Civil Administration officer to issue a decision to demolish of remove any building where construction was not completed within 6 months or it was inhabited by it residents for less than 30 days from the date of the inspector’s arrival to the site.

This kind of notices deprive civilians their right to defend their houses or facilities. The Israeli Supreme Court also refuse the file an appeal to freeze or cancel these notices. Civilians further are  denied of applying a license for their targeted houses due to the short legal period allowed by the military order. The following notices are included:

Affected PersonsTargeted Facility
Mohammed Mahmoud Qatil200-square-meter land prepared to build a house on it
Dura MunicipalityElectricity network with 300 meters long / plastic water tank
Mofeed Abdul Rahman HamdanUnder-construction house built on 70 meters and inhabited by family of 8 individuals
Mofeed Abdul Rahman HamdanConcrete floor prepared for building a house
Mofeed Abdul Rahman Hamdan150-square-meter land
Mofeed Abdul Rahman Hamdan150-square-meter land
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF stormed the land threatened to be confiscated near Khirbet Jubara village, in Tulkarm. IOF confiscated a bulldozer owned by Yazan Mesbah Masarwah, from Faroun village, while he was working in the area and handed him a notice to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service.
  • In the evening hours, the Israeli Supreme Court issued a decision against Ezzat Salah’s family to evacuate their house in Wadi Helwah in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem in favor of “Elad” Settlement Association.
  • The family’s lawyer, Nael al-Rashed, said to PCHR that the Israeli Supreme Court gave Salah family until 05 November 2020, to implement the eviction decision. The court also decided to compensate the family as a protected tenant with a sum of NIS 361,000. Al-Rashed explained that the “Elad” Settlement Association managed  to seize most of the property  after they bought it except for the Salah family’s apartment, which was classified as a “protected tenant”, has lived since 1968.

Al-Rashed added that the Magistrate’s Court, the District Court, and the Supreme Court issued a decision in favor of “Elad” Settlement Association to evict the family from their house even though it is a “protected tenant,” based on laws that enable the property owner to evict the tenants, when needed when they are not able to use of benefit from it if the Salah family stayed in the house as the room and the apartment share the same entrance of the house and the room has no benefits according to “Elad” Settlement Association’s claims.

The house owner, Ezzat Salah, said that during the past years, he was subjected to financial temptations and harassments from settlers, in an attempt to force him to give up his house where he lived for decades.

  • In the same day evening, Walid Mousa Abu Edahim implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished residential building in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem under the pretext of building without licensing. Walid said that he returned to Jerusalem in 1998 from Jordan where he was settled after his brother’s death by drowning to raise his orphan children. Therefore, he built a residential building in 2000 so his family and his brother family live in it. Abu Edhaim emphasized that the building was built on 500 square meters and comprised of 2 floors; 4 apartments and 3 stores. He added that he received a demolition notice in 2004 under the pretext of building without licensing. Since that date until 2018, Abu Edhaim sought to obtain a license, but to no avail. That cost him more than NIS 700,000 ( U.S $ 200,00) distributed on fines and lawyers’ fees and litigation procedures.

Abu Edahim pointed out that the Israeli court gave him time to 2019, to complete his affairs and obtain a license for his house, but to no vain. Therefore, he was given the option  either to allow the Israeli Municipality to destroy the house and pay NIS150,000 fine for the demolition costs or to demolish his house by himself. Therefore, he had to self-demolish his building. Abu Edahim said that before the demolition his family, his brother’s family, his married son, and another tenant ( about 22 person ) lived in the house and all of them now became homeless without a shelter.

  • On the same evening, Osamah Taleb Zahaika implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house in al-Mokaber Mount neighborhood, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of building without a licensing. Zahaika said that he built his 79-square-meter house in 2014 from bricks and tin plate. The house was comprised of 2 rooms and their benefits where Zahaika, his wife and 3 children live in. Zahaika emphasized that the Israeli Municipality pursued him few year ago and imposed a fine of NIS 25,000. He attempted to obtain construction license, but in vain. Therefore, Zahaika had to self-demolish his house after the Israeli police raided his house and notified him of the demolition decision and gave him one day to implement it.
  • On Tuesday evening, 15 September 2020, Saoud Adnan al-Qanbar implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house in al-Mokaber Mount neighborhood, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of building without a licensing. Al-Qanbar said that he built his 100 square-meter house in 2015, which was comprised of 3 rooms, a living room, kitchen, and bathroom where he, his wife and his 6 children ( the eldest one is 16 years old and the youngest one is 3 years old) lived in it. Al-Qanbar emphasized  that the Israeli Municipality pursued him few months after  his house was built. In 2018, the Israeli Municipality issued a demolition  decision and imposed a fine of NIS 45,000. Al-Qanbar added that  during the past five years, he attempted to obtain a construction license  and paid  NIS 80,000 for the lawyer and engineer, but in vain. He also said that he had to self-demolish his house  after the Israeli police raided his house two days ago and threatened him if he did not self-demolish his house, he would pay a fine of NIS 90,000 for the Israeli Municipality.
  • Also on Tuesday evening, IOF stopped the work on a road rehabilitation project that links between Kisan village and al-Rashayida village, east of Bethlehem, and confiscated a bulldozer. Ahmed Ghazal, Head of Kisan Village’s Council, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF stopped the work  in a road rehabilitation project that links between a common cemetery for Kisan and al-Rashayida villages  and confiscated a bulldozer under the pretext of non-licensing and  the road is located in Areas (C) that is under full Israeli control .

 VI. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

Gaza Strip:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Of all the Gaza Strip’s border crossings, only 2 currently function: Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) for movement of goods and Beit Hanoun (Erez) for movement of individuals. The Israeli authorities continued to impose restrictions on the entry of goods classified as “dual-use items”, despite their importance in reviving the market, manufacturing and maintenance. As to Beit Hanoun crossing, it is almost completely closed except for emergency humanitarian cases. Lately, a very limited number of individual cases of patients who have obtained medical referrals and financial coverage to Israel were able to travel, and some others referred to Israeli organizations working in the field of health for assistance in coordination.

For the fourth consecutive week, curfew is still imposed on the Gaza Strip to contain the outbreak of coronavirus, especially after coronavirus cases were confirmed outside the quarantine centers in the Gaza Strip. As a result, the suffering of Gaza Strip population has increased, and there are warns of catastrophic deterioration in their living conditions, especially if the state of emergency is maintained for a lengthy period without establishing mechanisms to protect the poor, unemployed and day laborers, and support low-income households who lost their incomes due to the state of emergency and curfew.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 70 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 5 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Friday, 11 September 2020, IOF established a military checkpoint at the entrance to Anata village, north east of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Wednesday, 16 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Report Says Bahrain to Announce Normalization with ‘Israel’ In Nearest Future. Who’s Next?

Capture

By Staff, Agencies

Report Says Bahrain to Announce Normalization with ‘Israel’ In Nearest Future. Who’s Next?

Bahrain is expected to become the next Gulf kingdom to formally and shamelessly normalize ties with the ‘Israeli’ entity, a Zionist official told Kan public broadcaster Wednesday.

According to the report, the kingdom is expected to announce its bold move after an accord between the Zionist regime and the United Arab Emirates has been signed.

The official was cited as saying that Washington seeks to host the ceremony where the Tel Aviv regime and Abu Dhabi will sign a treaty formalizing their diplomatic ties in mid-September.

The US is said to be pushing for the accord to be signed before the Rosh Hashana, the Jewish New Year holidays, which begin on September 18.

Unashamed with all ‘Israeli’ war crimes and crimes against humanity in the occupied Palestinian lands, Bahrain is pushing for the process to speed up as well after long-running talks on the prospect.

Bahrain was one of the countries that US State Secretary Mike Pompeo visited during his recent Middle East tour centered on the ‘Israeli’-UAE normalization.

At the time, it claimed that it rejects normalizing ties with the Zionist entity as it informed Pompeo that it remained committed to a so-called two-state solution and backed the Arab ‘Peace’ Initiative — a plan that, among other items, vows normalization between ‘Israel’ and Muslim nations once a Palestinian state with a capital in East al-Quds has been established.

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