Seven countries in five years

Via The Saker

by “Observer”
translated by “lmimkac” (thanks a lot!!)

Seven countries in five years and the US dollar is raising from the dead. Ukraine fulfilled its purpose, ISIL conquering Iraq and Syria, just conquering strategic Koban. Turkey does possum, Kurdistan rejoices. Asad has yet to fall, then comes the Iran and the “New Middle East” will be finished and dollar saved. Or – weaned Russia, China and dependent dollar still petrodollar. So simple!

But first about how the stones fit into a mosaic.

The December’s 2014 hit of all pro-Western news media was a celebration of the weak ruble. Low oil prices with the US sanctions enjoying a robust support of Europe took a penalty and Russia is getting where they want her to be – on her knees. I am just wondering about how the situation would have developed, if Yanukovych had signed the association agreement with the EU. Apparently the US would “only” have built up NATO bases on Ukrainian-Russian border and the next process of targeted weakening of Russian Federation would continue in a “moderate” way – by classical color revolutions to remove Putin (this effort is still ongoing and weakened ruble also fulfills this purpose). But Yanukovych did not sign it and action “Ukraine” was performed in a very bloody way. Today, no one in the US or EU cares about that Ukraine is not far from bankruptcy, they are even not interested in having Ukraine join NATO and that is because it was really never about Ukraine. Ukraine is to only fulfill one purpose: to separate Russia from Europe, to prevent Russia from trading with European countries, but above all – to get rid of Europe’s energy dependence on Russia. And as we will see later on, that was the most important purpose. And because this should have been achieved at any cost (and how else than through the oil and gas taps on the Ukrainian territory), Ukraine would have paid the price to its strategic location by hook or crook. I say “paid the price” because by joining the EU, no country helped itself and Ukraine especially would not (just remember the text of the Association Agreement not to mention the fact that it would become a territory where all European gypsies would be moved to).

But action Majdan eventually served more than if Yanukovych signed the agreement. Majdan has become a trump-card in the hands of the US and EU and the rest has been arranged by the corporate media. And the world has fancied that Russia is evil and Putin is Hitler and therefore it is necessary to defend him and hurriedly flee from him. There was a reason for the anti-Russian sanctions (secured even by the downed Boeing). One year from Majdan and we are where we are – Russia is almost separated from Europe, sells oil for little and its currency is falling. Thanks to this, the US dollar is just getting a few drops of living water and, seeing how the plans are being met, also optimism into the veins. However, it is not time to celebrate yet, more is coming down the road. We have to have a look at other news that would seem to be saying something completely different, but it is not – it still only and only about the dying US dollar.

Seven countries in five years

And it is all about US dollar for many years. Years ago a plan to maintain its hegemony was laid down and it is about to be finished. Ukraine is part of the finale, like ISIL, Kurdistan, Turkey, currently city of Kobani. Before it was a number of other countries and it is revealed only in hindsight what their place in the mosaic is. Even the September 11 could be seen through completely different optics and I am now convinced that this also was a flint stone but necessary – an event to get a public approval to start. And this plan from its very beginning has a clear goal, see this quotation from one speech:

“In 1991 I had a meeting with Paul Wolfowitz (former president of the World Bank and at that time the second deputy of US Department of Defense, which was a very high position) and I told him that he must surely be satisfied with Operation Desert Storm (Kuwait). And he answered: Well, yeah, but not quite, because the truth is that we wanted to get rid of Saddam Hussein and we failed. But there is one thing we have learned – we found out that we can use our military in the Middle East, and the Soviets will not stop us. We now have about five to ten years, to clean up the area from the old Soviet influence before an appearance of a new big superpower that we will be able to challenge us. Subvert the entire Middle East, destabilize it and repaint the map – that was the planned strategy! Ten days after September 11, I was walking in the Pentagon (where else was I supposed to be at that time?) when I was called by the commander of the US coastal waters asking me to come to his office. He told me there that he wanted to let me know that we were going to attack Iraq. Why? I asked him, does it have any connection with the terrorist attacks? Unfortunately, it’s even worse. I have just got this Memorandum from the Ministry of Defence. It says that we have to attack and destroy the governments of seven countries in five years. Let’s start with Iraq, then we move to Syria, Lebanon, Somalia, Sudan and Iran . Is this an official battle plan? – I asked him. Yes, sir! ”

This is a quote from interviews in 1991 and the end of September 2001, as described by the US General Wesley Clark in his speech in October 2007. The full speech is known as a video under the unofficial title “Seven countries in five years’ [ here ]

Let me once again repeat the words of former World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz: “But there is one thing we have learned – we found out that we can use our military in the Middle East, and the Soviets will not stop us. We now have about five to ten years, to clean up the area from the old Soviet influence before an appearance of a new big superpower that we will be able to challenge us.” . And I stress that these words are from 1991! It is not a subject of this article, but – do not you feel that the USA really needed September 11? Already in October, after the attack on the WTC Afghanistan was attacked (and the US is trying to take control of it until present days. It is called an underbelly of Russia i.e. a very sensitive place for Russia) and then everything continued the way we all know.

After Kuwait (An attempt to overthrow S. Hussein in 1991 and confirm that the US can rely on Gorbachev and the Soviets really left USA free hand in this this field) came Afghanistan (October 2001). Next: Iraq (2003 and the overthrow of Hussein), Syria (2011 and a civil war)) Lebanon (strategic territory for Israel and Syria, and the eternal struggle in 2006 Cedar Revolution). Further on, the US got engaged in Africa: Sudan (1996 attacks due to bin Laden’s stay in this area, in 2003 uprising). Under the title “Arab Spring” more African countries are hauled into the play: Libya (2011 overthrow of Gaddafi), Egypt (2011 overthrow of Mubarak). Also, do not miss Algiers (1991 overthrow of the President and still under military rule and martial law) and Morocco (since 1999 ruled by a king Mohamed IV., Who has good relations with the US, so we do not hear much about Morocco). Ethiopia is also a friend of the US (in 1991 turned away from the Soviets and became a security guard American interests through wars with neighboring Eritrea). Next Somalia is also in the US viewfinder (entry of the US Army in 2007) and on the opposite side is even Pakistan, a neighbor of Afghanistan and especially Russia (Al-Kájida assassination of Buth in 2007).

I for a long time did not understand the context of the US engagement in these countries. I had the classic explanation that comes to energy sources in oil-rich countries, but seeing Somalia, Sudan, Ethiopia and others my understanding was elusive. But it only needed to take a good look at a map:

The European Union and the Arab Spring have the same purpose – to expand the US influence to the East

Put aside oil and we can see another US strategic interest in the mentioned countries. And that is the borders that have come under control of the US to exactly according to their plan close the grip on Russia from all sides. So what is happening in Europe since the fall of the Berlin Wall through the EU, in Africa and the Middle East takes place as the Arab Spring. And when, after a few years since the launch of the plan we have a look at the map, from Northern Europe to Southern Africa, almost all countries including the important seas are under the US control.

The south of Europe could be seen in a completely different light and it is clear why Spain and Greece was never allowed to fall, but instead became the most dependent vassals. Also North Africa (Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Egypt) as well as the East (Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia – and I can not stop from remarking that it is no coincidence that Sudan was the second African country, where Ebola appeared and that a conference for the unification of Africa in the fight against Ebola took place in befriended Ethiopia. For primitive peoples it just a simple means of obedience and looking out to the Americans as the gods because they “accidentally” have a cure).

When we examine the Mediterranean coast then all around almost (!) all countries are under the US (EU) control and there is no trace of any Soviet or Russian interests. However. up to two (and now actually three) countries. And these are Lebanon, Syria and now even Turkey. Apart from an indication that there are significant oil and gas reserves in the waters around Greece and Cyprus, the Black Sea is considered a strategic transit and military area where the US plans are only being dented by Lebanon and Syria; but more on that later.

When we go further on to East Africa, we see that the US has control of the whole Red Sea, because the other side is controlled by Saudi Arabia and Israel. And by controlling the Red Sea they also control the Arabian Sea and the Suez Canal!

The “New Middle East” and “Seven countries in five years’ project goes according to the plan, and before there is a grand finale, which will be Iraq, Syria and then Iran, they are trying to to disable Russia by bringing NATO bases close to its borders (hence the involvement of Ukraine, Afghanistan and Pakistan) as well as working to make Russia not economically grow but by far the best option would be to get it economically collapse. And all that is to at any price prevent Russia from rising up to be a competing superpower. And that is the reason for low oil prices in collaboration with the Saudis…

The next map clearly shows why Ukraine is so important and why Putin has gone too far by letting Crimea join Russia. The plan was to have Ukraine and with it another sea, this time Black Sea full of NATO bases and to become part of the US-EU border with Russia. Ukraine should have been “completed” before Turkey becomes the next; Turkey is planned to have a role of alias Ukraine and the main role next to Syria and Iraq. When you walk through the map from the north to the south through the lens of the EU member states and the optics of the Arab Spring, you can see that the plan has progressed a lot since its launch. All of Europe including the countries of the former Soviet Union is united in the EU and now militarily and economically under the influence of the United States, from Norway down to Georgia and Azerbaijan – Ukraine and Crimea, and the whole Black Sea is still being worked on. The entire North and West Africa is under the US control, but the only obstacle in controlling the whole Mediterranean Sea and the whole Middle East, is now Syria and Iraq. And currently Turkey is a country of a paramount strategic importance! Turkey is a neighbor of Syria, Iraq and Iran and has good relations with Russia. And it is so close from there to Crimea, just across the Black Sea. Moreover to Russian Crimea not NATO Crimea. And that is what Putin has committed the most for what he cannot be forgiven (he betrayed the NWO). The Black Sea then has become far greater obstacle than it was expected to be in relation to the role of Turkey.

Turkey is namely a fundamental point through which Europe is planned to become energy independent of Russia or respectively to put aside Russian energy resources from the European reach. It is thus killing two birds with one stone, because both are desirable.

Putin canceled South Stream, petrodollar is on the rise

I started the article with the hit of the December 2014 news that the ruble was weakened. But the bigger hit should be a different December report such as a statement that Putin was to cancel the completion of the South Stream project. In other words – Russia would not deliver gas to Europe via the south route (via the Black Sea) (the northern route, Nord Stream through which the Russian gas is delivered to Germany, is up and running). South Stream was expected to cross the Black Sea to Bulgaria, via Serbia, Hungary, Slovenia and Austria in northeastern Italy with branches to Croatia, Macedonia, Greece and Turkey. Its construction was decided in 2010 and should have been completed the year after. After the Russia-Crimea reunification the US-EU decided to push Putin via South Stream. How much from the Crimea-Russia reunification did the EU scream that South Stream is legally wrong. How much did the EU threaten Austria, Hungary and Bulgaria that the construction must be suspended! Hungary was the most criticized for waiting with the work suspension to the last minute, while Bulgaria announced the end already in June – “The Bulgarian government at the request of Brussels suspended work on the South Stream” until the final cancellation of the project by Putin himself. And now on to the three-hour conference Putin says that the Russian crisis would last more than two years and that then the world would again need Russia’s energy resources. Putin realized that it was whatsoever not about the pipeline or gas transport through Ukrainian territory, but from the beginning it is just and just about shutdown of Russian oil and gas from European markets. Therefore, not only weakened ruble, but especially the withdrawal of Russia from additional gas supplies to Europe is the living water for the US dollar! What the US needs is Europe’s energy dependency on other than Russian resources and Russia deprived of energy markets and thus economically depressed.

The South Stream, and I can add is as a complete mockery of the current EU position headed by A.Merkel. It was her who mostly called for the end of the completion of South Stream, she ordered its termination and when Putin declared that the project would not continue (some servers describe this as the pride and pique, others as punishment for Europe, which has no other source, and by 2015 would have not), it was again Merkel, who mandated Bulgaria to require completion! Otherwise she threatened Russia with courts and penalties for failure to comply with agreements not only to Bulgaria but to the whole EU! So, after Russia is economically weakened by the economic sanctions and low oil prices, it is threatened with more penalties for failure to comply with contracts!

Dollar is getting living water and is rising from the dead. Who would think that the reason is the American shales (that Europe counts on), they are mistaken. The cancellation of the South Stream is moving closer to a plan which is currently being executed by ISIL and to the task actually Turkey is supposed to fulfill. The next map shows an area that is being controlled by ISIL. This area spreads through Iraq and Syria (again two birds with one stone?), But in addition, note city of Kobani on the border with Turkey.

Have a look at this Syrian city and Turkey from other key points:

Ukrainian Majdan and ISIL perform the same task – oil and gas

In 2013, Ukraine had to sign an association agreement with the EU, Yanukovych was pressured from all sides and it was believed that by the end of the year it would have been done. Now it is time to focus on the final point of the plan, which is Syria and Iraq. And Turkey. The Islamic State has existed since 1999, but in 2013 it was radicalized. And by some “accident” after May 2013 the US Senator McCain pays a visit to the future ISIL leaders and during friendly meetings he even got photographed with them. Once again see on the previous map the marked area where the ISIL is most radical: Syria and Iraq (in Iraq, especially those areas where oil is extracted) and the border with Turkey – city of Kobani. Throughout 2014, the main events covered by the mainstream media was ISIL – their expansion and conquest of oil terminals. And because Yanukovych did not sign, we also start hearing about Majdan in Ukraine throughout the year. But the situation is such that in the meantime, “Ukraine” task got complicated by not having the Association Agreement signed up (it is currently being finalized at any cost, even at the cost of bringing Nazis to power). The task “Syria, Iraq, Turkey,” that was too started in accordance with the plan is running independently of the “unfinished” Ukraine plan. And that is despite the fact that year 2014 brought a complication, which was not foreseen and that is the loss of Crimea. However, Ukraine and equally ISIL are about the borders, about the sphere of influence under the US control, about putting Russia on a side-track and taking control of all Eastern energy resources.

A project about how to get oil and gas to Europe while having Russia completely excluded is already in existence since 2002 and is the Nabucco pipeline.

Caspian carbon to Europe passes through Turkey, Middle East carbon carbon goes to Europe via Turkey. Turkey starring and a big Majdan on the horizon

I have long believed that the aim of Europe’s energy independence from Russia promoted by the US and its European slaves is Europe’s dependence on the US shales. This certainly will happen because there will be no other alternative to Europe other than to buy expensive American energy – especially when Putin resigned from the South Stream and Nabucco ended in a fiasco. But no American shale have to supply energy to Europe, Europe is to be dependent on Caspian and the Middle East oil in particular. And one fact is that the energy from both the US shale or from the Middle East will be paid for by the US dollar.

Therefore already in 2002 the project Nabucco was founded. It’s still an unbuilt pipeline, which should reduce Europe’s dependence on Russian gas and oil and it was to bring Caspian gas from Azerbaijan to Europe. Russia sends 120 billion cubic meters of gas per year to Europe and that just across Ukraine, while the capacity of Nabucco was planned to be at 31 billion cubic meters at most. However, if there was also a branch to Iran added, the capacity would be fully covered by its resources only. Since Iranian resources are out of the sight of Europe and the Caspian supplies would be insufficient, Europe in its own interest kept delaying the construction of Nabucco against the US will. However, the biggest problem for Nabucco was Turkey that asked for up to 15 percent of the gas pumped away for their needs. After years of negotiations with the EU Turkey finally gave up this requirement. (Note: Do you also see that when it comes to joining the EU these similarities between Turkey and Ukraine cases are purely coincidental?)

In 2009, when the transport arrangements among Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary and Austria were agreed, the signing of an agreement on the construction of the Nabucco pipeline took place. Turkish Prime Minister called it a historic moment and the EU expected that the first gas independent of Russia, comes to Europe as early as 2014. And this despite the fact that – as was said then – “there are still a few issues, one of which the most pressing is the one from which sites the gas would be pumped for Nabucco . ” It was counted from the beginning on the Azerbaijani sources, then on the fact that there are another large oil and gas reserves in the Caspian Sea so the production volume would gradually increase. In the summer of 2013, however, came the shocking news: The fiasco for the EU and USA, the Nabucco project ends, Europe would remain dependent on Russian gas.

Instead of the Nabucco pipeline Azerbaijan chose to transport gas to Europe TANAP-TAP pipeline, which would lead to the Turkish border via Greece and Albania and to Italy. The main reason behind was lower capital cost and higher gas prices in the South. The EU and USA were especially shocked and Putin rejoiced. The construction of the South Stream pipeline, although already decided in 2007 and sealed in 2010 – regardless of Nabucco – was in my opinion approved only because the Caspian resources do not have enough capacity needed for Europe and only for so long until Nabucco is connected to other sources of oil (Iraq, Iran, Egypt). Only then the dependence on Russia would fully be achieved. Furthermore, the South Stream praised the fact that the Russian Gazprom would only have a 50% stake and the remaining 50% would be split among the German, Italian and Austrian corporations. And, of course, the South Stream was approved under the influence of high expectations from Nabucco project. And suddenly it was all over.

Under the US influence even after the Nabucco cancellation the EU has not given up on finding ways to expel Russian gas from Europe. Again, after long negotiations with Turkey in the end a month before Putin announced the cancellation of South Stream, Turkish President Erdogan signed final documents needed for construction of TANAP-TAP pipeline. It was agreed in late October 2014 that the construction of TANAP-TAP can begin. The first Caspian gas to be transported this way to Turkey would be in 2018 and from Turkey to Europe in 2019. TANAP-TAP pipeline has been projected to bypass Russia and is essentially similar to Nabucco.

When we summarize projects Nabucco, South Stream and TANAP-TAP the EU still has problems to meet the US wishes to get rid of Europe’s energy dependence on Russia. In addition, whether it is Nabucco or TANAP-TAP, Europe always needs Turkey. Turkey is aware of it and dictates the terms, while the EU plays chess with Turkey (this explains not only why Turkey is still not a member of the EU, but it also explains the recent attempts of a color revolution in Turkey). Oil and gas deliveries from Saudi Arabia to Europe, it needs to get in the first place through Syria. Syria is guarded by the Russian interests from one side and it also makes sure the energy flow was not over the Mediterranean sea and on the other side it makes sure it even does not go over Turkey. Syria alongside with Lebanon represents the only setback on the Mediterranean coast and the only country Russia has not left with the post-Soviet anti-Zionist influence. The same problem is Iraq, an ally of Syria (extra full of oil) and also Iran (the largest anti US dollar country full of oil that, however, wants to manage it on their own, not just to feed the petrodollar).

Now we know why suddenly there is such a radical leg of the IS. Why this radical leg is conquering Syria and Iraq, why it is conquering just oil terminals and why exactly rushing to town so insignificant as the Syrian city of Kobani on the border with Turkey. And why Turkey (the second largest army in NATO) suddenly becomes a dead beetle when it comes to fighting ISIL. And why it suddenly becomes an ally, not only of Russia but also ISIL. Turkey has finally understood what was known a long ago – it was to be thrown overboard. And that there is such Majdan ready for Turkey that the Ukrainian one was really just a slight “virus disease”. I want to add that country carrying oil and gas have the same luck as those that have oil and gas – from both the profit is benefited and taken by the USA.

All roads lead to city of Kobani and Ceyhan. NATO Alliance on side of Kurdistan

“Battle of Kobani may rewrite the history of the Middle East,” a headline of one blog says; in which the author among other things writes: Kobani – a city that a few weeks ago was practically not known apart from the Kurds or the inhabitants of Syria. Now that name inflicts media in all corners of our planet, starting with CNN and Chinese CCTV ending. But why are the allies spending so much effort that costs daily Washington and other countries millions of dollars, while the result is not sure at all?

The answers are few. Kobani, a rural town in which 45 thousand people lived before the outbreak of fighting, is defacto the last bastion of the Kurds, and if the Islamic state conquered it, that would have opened the way to the occupation of the territory along the 1200 km long Turkish-Syrian border . Fatal consequences would then be mainly for the Kurds that the Jihadists kill on sight and cut off their heads.

Victory would also strengthen the position of the Islamic State that sends more and more fighters to city of Kobani. The whole world would have shown that it can not stop raids that involve even the most advanced US fighters . Finally, the IS would gain control of the areas that would be used to send much greater amount of smuggled oil and collect millions more dollars.

Turkish hypocrisy – thousands of Kurdish refugees alongside with Turkish soldiers are every day watching the fight in Kobani. The guns of their tanks are pointing to IS positions, but they do not open fire on them. Ankara, in the past, one of the key NATO allies, is refusing to help the Kurds and attack the Jihadists.

Turkish tenacity in which they refuse to retreat raises further speculation. Why did the IS dismiss dozens of detainees Turks, while the Americans, British and Iraqi journalists are being beheaded and videos of their executions sent out to the whole world? Why did they even dismiss relatives of Caliph of the IS held in Turkish prisons or hospitals?And why did 180 Islamic radicals find themselves free, some of whom holding British, Swiss and Macedonian passports and everyone immediately engaged in combat in Iraq and Syria?

Ankara practically did not respond to calls from Syrian Kurds for help. Even the United States failed to persuade Ankara to at least give its air bases to strike against IS. To this day they have start from Bahrain, Qatar and other countries in the Arabian Peninsula.

The massacre of Kurds, who are connected to the Kurdistan Workers Party PKK, in Turkey banned and called a terrorist group, plays Turks into cards. Therefore, Turkey has criticized the US supply of arms and ammunition to the Kurds in Kobani. Conversely Ankara lets the leading members of the so-called Syrian opposition, whether they represent a Front al-Nusrat – al-Qaeda in Syria or even Islamic State, drink in coffee shops in Istanbul.

“Turkey as NATO and IS ally – is a shame of the alliance. The Turkish government has repeatedly indicated publicly that they would not cooperate with NATO in case of possible military action against ISIS until the Jihadists would not start conquering their own borders. And if someone else has the feeling that perhaps the IS would invade Turkey, they will surely be disappointed. Turkey, on the contrary subtly reinforces alliance with ISIS and did not allow NATO forces mobile base on its territory. And if it’s not far enough to the media and intelligence agencies to start examining whether Turkey was committing war crimes, it is at least to to wonder what Turkey can do against NATO itself.

Turkey has for weeks been releasing prisoners – orthodox Muslims or even directly IS members in exchange for Turkish men captured by IS. Among other things they freed a Muslim who murdered in Northern Europe and was caught in Turkey. Turkey that is trying to cover for a genocide from the beginning of the last century perhaps subtly expresses his gratitude.

ISIS with Turkey agreed upon building an embassy in Turkey. So by doing so Turkey has recognized IS as an official and full-fledged nation. With its own actions that are effectively going against NATO Turkey goes even further. Turkey and IS on its borders do not let the Kurds enter city of Kobani. Turks alongside the Islamists do not let the Kurds neither with water nor food across the border to city of Kobani. An adequate reaction would be to exclude Turkey from the alliance and suspend all negotiations on joining the club with the EU. There would come even greater influence of Islam in Europe with it.

It’s a mess, and who in fact could understand it? Nevertheless, it is quite simple – the US decided to sacrifice a good chunk of Turkey’s territory in favor of a new Kurdistan. Turkey borders as they are, would not be valid anymore and the Kurds living here in Syria, here in Iraq and Iran, and also in a great part of Turkey, should have their new great and officially recognized state at the expense of reduction of Syria and especially Turkey and division of Iraq. The emergence of Kurdistan is a goal. Kurdistan, which would be thankful for the expansion of their country so that it would not oppose to oil and gas transits in any direction as it has been done by Turkey, and would become subservient to the US. Turkey, as well as Ukraine pays for its strategic position and as well as Ukraine faces a choice to either sacrifice a piece of their land for the establishment of Kurdistan or prefer to ally with ISIL. Which evil is easier to cope with for Turkey to make a stand against after having the USA forcing it (like Ukraine) to the necessity to choose from?

It is, from early beginning, perhaps obvious to IS leaders that they are supposed to meet the US interests and once a complete breakdown in all the three mentioned countries is achieved, NATO would stop from pretending that it has no power to defeat them and that all the promises (including the Islamization of Europe) are just a grass field. Indeed, even now we can hear from all sides that “the greatest danger for the world is an Islamic state”. And maybe the IS is following this game to get something for themselves. And the IS might know that it is just a matter of time until NATO in alliance with Kurdistan attacks the same Islamists, with whom they are pretending an inability to militarily cope with (which is especially an obvious fact).

What was a friendly meeting with Senator McCain future leaders ISIL in May 2013, when today, all NATO alliance have not a bigger problem than ISIL defeat?

And is not there something strange in the fact that NATO, daring to engage Russia, is losing with some ISIL and to help against IS mobilizes and supports the Kurds? It reminds me very much of the support of the fascists in Ukraine. Turkey so far, as well as Ukraine had quite normal life – whether it was any pipeline in question, Turkey has always had links to the Russian source so to Iranian. The focal point of supply to Turkey is town Ceyhan, a city with finished transit routes from the Middle East. City of Ceyhan is located on the Mediterranean Sea, and it is a short walk to the Syrian Allepa. So having dominated Ceyhan it would be enough to remove Assad from power and oil from Qatar and Saudi-Arabia can freely travel to Europe. Ceyhan lies on the same border line as the Syrian city of Kobani. This begs a question: Is an attack on Syrian Kobani way to get to Turkish Ceyhan and thereby control the border with Syria and Turkey to break the two obstacles in the way of the Middle East energy to Europe? Because why to wait for TANAP-TAP pipeline when you can cancel Turkey and Syria in its present form and establish Kurdistan on the part of their territories and the Middle East carbon path to Europe would almost be complete. And why do not send Qatar, Saudi-Arabian and Israeli carbon to Europe just by getting rid off Assad, take advantage of Ceyhan city and the route to Europe would almost be finished. What it is really all about is Kobani and Ceyhan and the Syrian-Turkish border.

Here is also a video where you can again see the map of ISIL operations around Kobani and you can hear Pentagon stating that American air strikes can not save Kobani from its takeover of the government of ISIL, although there are unspeakable crimes against humanity waiting for the people in this country, until ISIL wins.

Syria, Iran and Turkey know about the plan since 2006

Now I have to return to the very beginning and recall a video, in which Wesley Clark, in 2007, delivered his speech “Seven countries within five years.” Here is a link [here ], and this time I suggest time at around 5:55, where W. Clark says, “And that’s why we collapsing in Iraq. Because Syria and Iran are aware of this plan ”

I do not know what motives led W. Clark, the former Pentagon’s slave, to his speech. There might really be a change in his heart and he really meant it. But his speech raises doubts about the fact that it was delivered a year after maps from 2006 to redraw the borders of the Middle East leaked to the public. These maps also reached Turkey leaving it in a deep shock.

Here are the maps plotting the borders of the Middle East Before and After:

See that Kurdistan that has taken a part of Turkey, Syria and Iraq? And who entire NATO is helping fight ISIS?

The US dollar is rejoicing prematurely

If Syria, Iran and Turkey know the plan from 2006, s Russia certainly knows about it. And quite possibly ISIL leaders also know about it. So we created a classic situation where two are fighting and the third can laugh. The US want to defeat Russia and want to remove her from the position of a global player. And how else then through the energy resources. To do this, the US needs to not only push Russia out of energy markets, but also own a maximum of world energy resources. Why, it’s simple; whoever wants to buy oil and gas, they must first buy the US dollar. Because there is no other way of self-preservation of the USA that it is being threaten by a total bankruptcy. For its plans to work the US need to dominate the whole of Europe economically, so that Europe could only trade with the US (it is almost done) and energetically so it wholly depends on the resources under the US control – whether it’s American-Canadian shale, or Caspian or Middle Eastern source. The ideal would be if China has also become dependent on energy for dollars.

Thus weakened ruble and Putin’s resignation from South Stream is flowing blood into the veins of the petrodollar, but it has not won yet. Majdan in Ukraine finished by connecting Crimea to Russia – a biggest upset of the plan. A Majdan in Turkey is currently evolving in such a direction that a country with the second largest army in NATO is not only helpful to ISIL, but wants to recognize the state that already controls most of the Middle Easte energy resources and get it on its side. At the same time Turkey is increasingly leading friendlier negotiations with Russia – and the media commented that Erdogan meeting with Putin is an event comparable only with Crimea-Russia reunification. Well why not? Turkey is in the same situation as Ukraine and the color of the Black Sea got a completely different shade after Putin was received with royal honors in Turkey.

Unfortunately what that means for the world is anything other than that the US will resort to harsher means than the nazification of Ukraine, Kurdistan or muslimification of Europe or the Middle East to achieve their goals. And Putin will resist. And it looks like Turkey will defend itself too. The war to save the petrodollar is already on the way and USA are playing vabanque with the world. And stupid Europe is helping the very third time in its history.

Let’s follow the developments surrounding Kobani and Ceyhan and watch not only Russian, but also Turkey’s attitude. If the country with the second strongest army in NATO decided instead to ally with artificially created enemy of the US and even link up with Russia, there is truly a global Majdan ahead. But what else could be expected from a desperado before bankruptcy the USA is. One American editor in his article, among others, writes: “If the US knew another way to keep global power than war, would long ago have used it. But because of having Russia weakened and China controlled so it develops just as much as it is allowed, no other option exists than the full control over the world’s energy resources and having the NATO bases closest to the Russian and Chinese border. As a result the world stands before the great world war to maintain the petrodollar’s hegemony. Do you need oil or gas, buy a dollar otherwise forget it. And this is true and especially for Europe, which is fully subdued into the USA services.

The whole situation is very reminiscent of the world after the crash on the NY Stock Exchange in 1929 and subsequent WW II. Even then, the US joined with anyone – Stalin and Hitler promoting genocide from both sides and would eventually join the winner. And today – Christians, Muslims, Jews fight again, the USA needs it!

And finally have a look at the last map [ here ], and notice the position of Israel. It is done in the USA, Europe and Africa and what remains is to control just a little bit of the world on that map. All the “conspiracy” talking about Greater Israel and the Anglo-American-Zionist connection might not seem to be a conspiracy whatsoever.

The purpose of the article is not the view of the Islamists, Kurds and others. The purpose is to illustrate how one country makes what they want of the whole world. And it uses the very same script all the time: “Make the problem and then solve the problem?” or “Use a kick out when used up” until in the finals we are all victims. The main purpose of this article is to show how all the world events are just pebbles in the mosaic of one global power. May God save the world.

Using resources [ here ] and [ here ]

December 29, 2014 – Addition of two very related information:

1) After the collapse of South Stream on December 8 Turkey and Russia agreed to build a pipeline between the two countries, Gazprom already setting up companies for its construction. Meanwhile nameless pipeline is already partially done. Freshly-based company Gazprom Russkaia just lay pipelines along the bottom of the Black Sea and stretch it to Turkey to Greek border. (Black Sea, it again takes on new importance because this probably would not be liked)

2) The title “The fighting in Iraq to help the independence of Kurdistan and the foreign oil companies” – Kurdistan in the last three years (!) has concluded a number of contracts with foreign oil companies, including Exxon Mobil, Total and Chevron oil, and despite the fact that Baghdad is fundamentally against. Kurdistan has managed to prepare large quantities of oil for export using trucks and tankers despite the statement of Baghdad that these are illegal activities. The pipeline for export is now complete and millions of barrels over it were sent to the Mediterranean port of Ceyhan , still not for sale. Tankers, containing 2 million barrels of Kurdish oil, waiting for buyers who are afraid to buy because Baghdad wants to sue anyone who buys this oil. The Kurds have an estimated 45 billion oil and planning to export 400,000 barrels per day ” . A richest deposits are around the city of Kirkuk, which is to become part of Kurdistan

– Observer –

Form an original published by AE News:

Kurdish Forces Seize Dozens of Villages Around Kobane

Published Friday, February 6, 2015

Syrian Kurdish fighters have seized scores of villages from Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) jihadist group around the town of Kobane on the Turkish border, expanding their control in the area, a monitor said Friday.

The Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) captured 101 Syrian villages around Kobane since seizing the town from ISIS on January 26 after four months of fighting, the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.

According to Kurdish ARA news agency, Kurdish forces have regained control over more than 50 villages from ISIS, while Kurdish Rudaw website put the number at 42.

“They now control territory ranging from 15 to 25 kilometers (nine to 16 miles) from Kobane to the east, west and south,” Observatory director Rami Abdel Rahman said.

The small town became a key battleground, with ISIS poised at one point to overrun it and cement its grip on a large stretch of territory along the border.

Since January 26, YPG forces have advanced steadily in the surrounding countryside, recapturing dozens of villages, some no larger than a few dozen homes.

In some villages, they met little resistance, with ISIS fighters withdrawing as they advanced.

But in other places there have been clashes, with the Observatory saying at least 13 ISIS fighters were killed in a YPG ambush Friday.

The Kurdish advance marked the culmination of a battle lasting more than four months in which nearly 1,800 people were killed, including nearly 1,200 ISIS fighters and large numbers of foreign fighters.

Civilians were largely spared in the fighting because the town’s residents evacuated en masse, mostly across the border into Turkey, in the early stages of the battle.

ISIS had poured some of its best foreign fighters into Kobane, according to a US State Department official, but in the last six weeks the losses had begun to cause splits in the ranks.

A victory in Kobane was an important milestone in trying to change the narrative of the militants, who have attracted thousands of foreign fighters to their ranks, mostly disaffected youth drawn by the promise of adventure.

Analysts say the loss of Kobane is both a symbolic and strategic blow for ISIS, which set its sights on the small town in a bid to cement its control over a long stretch of the Syrian-Turkish border.

Since ISIS emerged in its current form in 2013, it has captured large swathes of territory in both Syria and Iraq.

It has declared an Islamic “caliphate” in territory under its control, and gained a reputation for brutality, including executions and torture.

(AFP, Al-Akhbar)


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Kurds Expel ISIS from Kobane as Iraqi Army Retakes Diyala

A picture taken on January 26, 2015 in Sanliufra shows smoke billowing from the Syrian town Kobane, also known as Ain al-Arab, following clashes between Kurdish forces and Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) groups. AFP

Published Monday, January 26, 2015

A Kurdish militia has driven Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) militants out of the Syrian border town of Kobane after months of heavy fighting, a monitor and spokesman said Monday, dealing a crucial blow to the jihadists.

Across the border in Iraq, a top army officer announced troops had “liberated” the Diyala province from ISIS jihadists.

In Syria, the Kurdish advance marked the culmination of a battle lasting more than four months in which nearly 1,800 people were killed.

The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) monitor said the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) had pushed ISIS militants from all of Kobane.

They “expelled all ISIS fighters from Kobane and have full control of the town,” Observatory director Rami Abdel Rahman said.

“The Kurds are pursuing some jihadists on the eastern outskirts of Kobane, but there is no more fighting inside now.”

The monitor said Kurdish forces were carrying out “mopping-up operations” against remaining ISIS forces in the Maqtala district, on the eastern outskirts of the town.

YPG spokesman Polat Jan also announced the news on his Twitter account, writing: “Congratulations to humanity, Kurdistan, and the people of Kobane on the liberation of Kobane.”

Mustafa Ebdi, an activist from the town, told AFP that “fighting has stopped.”

YPG forces are “advancing carefully in Maqtala because of the threat of mines and car bombs,” he added.

US-led air raids in Iraq have been criticized for making a minimal impact on the ground, despite costing $8.3 million per day according to Pentagon estimates.

On Friday, the Pentagon said that ISIS has lost only a tiny fraction of captured territory in Iraq, with only roughly one percent of ISIS-held territory changing hands since the US launched air raids in Iraq on August 8.

The officer overseeing the US-led campaign against ISIS, General Lloyd Austin, head of Central Command, told The Wall Street Journal on Thursday that Iraqi forces would be ready to launch a counter-offensive to recapture the northern city of Mosul by the summer.

“If we did things alone or with some of the other allies on the ground, it could move faster,” he told the newspaper. “But the Iraqis have to do this themselves.”

Heavy coalition bombing

The advance by Kurdish fighters came after 24 hours of heavy bombing by the US-led coalition fighting ISIS in Syria and Iraq.

In a statement, the Pentagon said the coalition had carried out 17 air strikes against ISIS positions in Kobane in the 24 hours from January 25 alone.

The targets included “tactical units” and “fighting positions” as well as an ISIS vehicle and staging areas, the statement said.

The loss of Kobane, also known as Ain al-Arab, would be an important defeat for ISIS.

The group has lost 1,196 fighters since it began its advance on the town on September 16, according to the Observatory.

At one point, the jihadist group looked poised to overrun Kobane, which lies on the Syrian-Turkish border.

It wielded sophisticated weapons captured from military bases in Syria and Iraq and committed hundreds of fighters to the battle.

But Kurdish forces gradually pushed back the jihadists with the help of a group of fighters from Iraq’s peshmerga fighters.

Analysts say the loss of Kobane is both a symbolic and strategic blow for ISIS, which set its sights on the small town in a bid to cement its control over a long stretch of the Syrian-Turkish border.

‘Kobane sets an example’

But its apparent failure in Kobane could put the brakes on its plans for expansion in Syria.

“Despite all that manpower, all that sophisticated weaponry, ISIS couldn’t get the city, so it’s a big blow for their plans and its a great achievement for the Kurds,” Kurdish affairs analyst Mutlu Civiroglu told AFP.

“Kobane sets an example on the ground, showing that when you have skilled fighters on the ground with the support of airstrikes, this danger, these forces, can be stopped and eliminated.”

Civiroglu said YPG forces would likely spend the next few days clearing Kobane before expanding outwards to surrounding villages captured by ISIS.

Civilians were largely spared in the fighting because the town’s residents evacuated en masse, mostly across the border into Turkey, in the early stages of the battle.

Over the border in Iraq, the army announced another defeat for ISIS, with the recapture of Diyala province.

“We announce the liberation of Diyala from the [ISIS] organisation,” Staff Lieutenant General Abdulamir al-Zaidi said.

“Iraqi forces are in complete control of all the cities and districts and subdistricts of Diyala province.”

The general said there would still be clashes however against ISIS in the rural Hamreen mountains, which stretch across multiple provinces, including Diyala.

Iraqi ForcesThe retaking of the Diyala province is a symbolic victory for Baghdad and could clear the way for further advances against the jihadists.

“We announce the liberation of Diyala from the [ISIS] organization,” Staff Lieutenant General Abdulamir al-Zaidi said.

Iraqi forces have regained “complete control of all the cities and districts and subdistricts of Diyala province,” he said.

Diyala has seen months of fighting, especially in the Jalawla and Saadiyah areas in the province’s north, which were held by ISIS, and areas near the town of Muqdadiyah, which the militants repeatedly attacked but never took.

The last battle for a populated part of the province began last Friday in an area of villages near Muqdadiyah, northeast of Diyala capital Baquba.

Zaidi and district council chief Adnan al-Tamimi both said that Iraqi forces are now in control of the entire area.

Zaidi said that 58 members of pro-government forces were killed and 248 were wounded in the fighting, while “more than 50” ISIS fighters died.

He added that there are thousands of bombs left behind by ISIS in villages north of Muqdadiyah, which will be a major challenge to clear.

The general said that there will still be further fighting against ISIS in the rural Hamreen mountains, which stretch across multiple provinces, including Diyala.

The victory could see more forces brought to neighboring Salaheddin province, potentially including militant-held Tikrit.

ISIS spearheaded a militant offensive that began in the northern city of Mosul in June and swept down to overrun much of Iraq’s north.

Iraqi federal forces, Kurdish troops, militiamen, and tribesmen are fighting against the jihadists in various parts of the country.

Monday’s announcement does not mean the problem of violence in Diyala —which suffered from frequent attacks even before the ISIS drive —is over.

Much will depend on how well Iraqi forces are able to hold retaken territory and efforts to reconstruct areas damaged by the fighting.

Despite the successful advances against ISIS, the Iraqi army and pro-government fighters still face major challenges in the battle against the jihadist group, which holds large areas of the country, including the key cities of Mosul, Tikrit and Fallujah.

Since ISIS emerged in its current form in 2013, it has captured large swathes of territory in both Syria and Iraq.

It has declared an Islamic “caliphate” in territory under its control, and gained a reputation for brutality, including executions and torture.

(AFP, Al-Akhbar)

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U.S. Airdrops Weapons to ISIS as Iraqi Army Makes Gains

Global Research, December 30, 2014

Iranian state media claims U.S. military aircraft have once again dropped weapons in areas held by the Islamic State.

Iraqi volunteers fighting against IS in the Yathrib and Balad districts in Iraq’s Salahuddin Province reported the air drops.

Iraq claims it now has the upper hand in the battle to regain territory from the terrorist group.

In October a purported errant airdrop of weapons fell into the hands Islamic State fighters outside Kobani in Syria.

In November Iraqi intelligence sources said the U.S. is actively supplying ISIS with weapons.

“The Iraqi intelligence sources reiterated that the US military planes have airdropped several aid cargoes for ISIL terrorists to help them resist the siege laid by the Iraqi army, security and popular forces,” a report stated.

“What is important is that the US sends these weapons to only those that cooperate with the Pentagon and this indicates that the US plays a role in arming the ISIL.”

The London-based organization Conflict Armament Research previously reported that ISIS fighters are using “significant quantities” of arms including M16 assault rifles marked “property of the US government.”

In June Aaron Klein, writing for WorldNetDaily, reported that members of ISIS were trained in 2012 by U.S. instructors working at a secret base in Jordan, according to informed Jordanian officials.

The U.S. does not admit arming and training ISIS terrorists, although General Martin E. Dempsey, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, admitted in testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee that United States’ Arab allies in the Middle East fund ISIS.

General Thomas McInerney told Fox News in September that the U.S. “helped build ISIS” as a result of the group obtaining weapons from the Benghazi consulate in Libya which was attacked by jihadists in September 2012.

“We backed I believe in some cases, some of the wrong people and not in the right part of the Free Syrian Army and that’s a little confusing to people, so I’ve always maintained… that we were backing the wrong types,” McInerney said.

The U.S. claims it is arming “moderate” mercenaries in Syria to fight against ISIS and the al-Assad government in Damascus despite the fact there are no longer any moderate forces active.

The CIA has shipped weapons to al-Qaeda affiliated groups in Syria since at least 2012, a fact revealed byThe New York Times.

The shipments included more than 160 military cargo flights by Jordanian, Saudi and Qatari military cargo planes landing at Esenboga Airport near Ankara and other Turkish and Jordanian airports. An effort to arm al-Nusra – now fully merged with ISIS – and other jihadist groups has been coordinated by American intelligence.

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Iraqi Hezbollah Brigades Strike ISIL in Salahuddin – Civilians in Kobanê: ‘We will die honourably in our own land’

Iraqi Hezbollah brigades launched an extensive military campaign against ISIL gatherings in different areas in Salahuddin province, killing and injuring scores of terrorists.

Peshmerga forces started a military operation to retake the area of Sinjar, northwestern Iraq, from ISIL terrorists.

Source: Al-Manar Website

18-12-2014 – 00:31 Last updated 18-12-2014 – 19:28


Iraqi Peshmerga break siege on Mount Sinjar


Frontline News : Syria in the Last 48 Hours


ISIS gangs target everyone in the places they occupy, whether armed or unarmed, slaughtering the people they capture with brutal methods. They then do not hesitate to publicise their massacres from their websites and on social media, claiming they perpetrate these acts in the name of ‘Islam’.

After 3 months of attacks on Kobanê the ISIS gangs have been forced back by the resistance of the YPG/YPJ fighters and are suffering heavy losses. The ISIS gangs are now resorting to firing mortars and artillery into civilian areas on an almost daily basis.

Two days ago 3 civilians, including a child, were killed when a mortar shell exploded in Kobanê. Two people were injured.

Fatma Mislim, whose 12-year-old son Mistefa Ebud and husband, 50-year-old Arab Ehmed Ebud were killed and whose 16-year-old daughter Emira Ebud was wounded, explained what happened. “We came from the village of Tewşo and moved in with our relatives. My husband took our animals across to Turkey so that they would be safe, but most of them were stolen, and he sold the rest for half price. While we were near the border Turkish soldiers fired gas at us so we came to the city. When the mortar landed I was at my neighbours’. I learned a shell had fallen on our house. The ISIS savages killed my 12-year-old son. My life is over.”

Fatma Mislim said: “Can human beings do this? They say they are Moslems. Do Moslems chop people’s heads off? This isn’t Islam.? My daughter is still in shock from and cannot sleep from seeing her father and brother in pools of blood.”

‘We will die honourably in our own land’

A friend of the Ebud family, Bılal Tırki, said: “This is not the work of Moslems, it is the work of savages. They bombard us with mortars, but they will not achieve their aims. We will resist to the end and die honourably in our own land. We will not leave even if our houses are destroyed by shells. We would rather die here than go to Turkey.”

‘ISIS gathers savages from different parts of the world…’

Kerho Kino, whose 8-year-old daughter Azize died in a mortar attack on 12 November, said: “What is ISIS, that attracts savages from all over the world, doing here? What do they want from us? My eight-year-old daughter was killed by one of their mortars. I’ve heard they call Kobanê ‘Jerusalem’. Jerusalem is not here, it’s in Israel. If they’re Islamists they should go there. How can Moslems kill other Moslems? We may die but we won’t leave Kobanê. How can we leave when so many of our young people have shed their blood here?”

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Turkey: Security Bill Undermines Rights

Parliament Should Rethink Hasty Measures to Increase Police Powers

<p>Police from the Rapid Deployment Unit in Istanbul, 2014.</p>

December 13, 2014 by

(Istanbul) – The Turkish government’s proposed expansion of police powers to search and detain and for the use of firearms would undermine human rights protections. A number of the proposals in a draft security bill would circumvent the role of prosecutors and judiciary in ways that directly undercut safeguards against the arbitrary abuse of power.

On December 2, 2014, Turkey’s Parliament passed a separate law that also widened police and court powers. The new security bill, published on the parliamentary website on November 25, would stiffen penalties for people involved in some protests and allow provincial governors to instruct police to focus on particular crimes and perpetrators, seemingly usurping the role of prosecutors and judges. Its introduction followed violent protests in southeastern Turkey on October 6 and 7 that left up to 50 people dead.

“The government has already pushed problematic new police measures through parliament, and now it wants to give itself even greater security powers,” said Emma Sinclair-Webb, senior Turkey researcher at Human Rights Watch. “Parliament should put the brakes on and ensure that this bill protects human rights as well as public safety.”

The 43-article “Draft law changing various articles of the Law on the Powers and Duties of the Police and in Statutory Decrees” contains some positive measures. It would, for example, strengthen civilian oversight of the gendarmerie responsible for policing outside towns by tying it more closely to the Interior Ministry. But the bill contains problematic measures that raise significant human rights concerns. In particular the bill would:

  • Broaden police powers to search people and vehicles, removing the current requirement of prior authorization by a prosecutor or court;
  • Citing “serious threats to public order,” give the police the power to detain people for up to 48 hours without the authorization of a prosecutor, raising concerns that the vague nature of this power could effectively facilitate preventive detention and be open to significant risk of abuse;
  • Permit the police to use firearms to prevent an attack in a public place against buildings, vehicles, or people using a gasoline bomb (Molotov cocktail) or “similar weapon.” The breadth of this power gives rise to concern that it will increase the use of deadly force in cases in which such force is disproportionate to the threat at hand and not justified under international standards;
  • Increase the penalties for people participating in violent or “propaganda” demonstrations, in a way likely to lead to increased use of mandatory pretrial detention for protesters; and
  • Give governors the power to instruct police to pursue particular crimes and suspects, an authority currently reserved for prosecutors and judges, breaching the separation of powers between legislative, executive, and judicial organs of state.

The circumstances of the deaths during the violent protests in Diyarbakır and other cities in the mainly Kurdish southeast in the first week of October have not been fully investigated. The protests followed the Kurdish political movement’s strong criticism of the Turkish government’s approach to the siege of the Syrian Kurdish city of Kobani (Ayn al-Arab) by the armed extremist group Islamic State (also known as ISIS).

Senior government figures have spoken of the need to increase penalties against protesters who throw gasoline bombs (Molotov cocktails), and to increase police powers to use lethal force against protesters wielding gasoline bombs.

“The government’s legitimate concern about violent protest should not be a blank check for police powers,” Sinclair-Webb said. “Parliament should amend the bill so that people are protected from arbitrary state action as well as public violence.”

Concerns About the Draft Law
Turkey has a track record of abusive policing, with serious human rights violations occurring regularly during police operations. These include violations of freedom of assembly, unjustified use of lethal force and other excessive use of force, and cases of torture and other prohibited ill-treatment of detainees. These violations have led to repeated criticism and concern from regional and international human rights bodies as well as from nongovernmental groups such as Human Rights Watch. Against this background, the rapid expansion of vague or broad police powers, and the moves to sideline the supervisory role of prosecutors and judges in the exercise of those powers, is particularly alarming.

The main concerns with the draft law lie in three areas: increased police powers without appropriate safeguards, increased powers for provincial governors and deputy governors to direct police investigations, and increased penalties against protesters.

Wider Search Powers
When police stop vehicles for identity checks under the existing provisions of the Law on Police Powers and Duties, the bill would grant wider powers to search people and vehicles without appropriate oversight. Current law requires authorization by a judge or prosecutor, but the draft law would bypass that authority, permitting a senior police officer to authorize searches in writing or verbally, then to submit the search warrants to a judge within 24 hours for after-the-fact approval.

The change would increase the likelihood of arbitrary police searches of cars and people and would allow police to routinely conduct such searches without prior approval from a judge or prosecutor, Human Rights Watch said. The amendment contains no limitations as to particularly time sensitive situations (such as imminent destruction of evidence) or other compelling reasons to be established as justification for not waiting to seek authorization. Nor does the amendment contain a requirement to give the person searched or the owner or person in charge of the vehicle written documentation about the search, which they can use to challenge arbitrary searches. The police’s submission of a warrant for approval after a search has taken place is meaningless as a check against arbitrary abuse.

Preventive Detention
Under a related amendment in the draft bill, police would have the authority to detain a person without a warrant for up to 24 hours for certain crimes committed individually and to detain people for 48 hours “when the spread of violent incidents poses a serious threat to public order during mass incidents.” The 14 crimes for which this authority would apply include assault, murder, theft, violent protest, and crimes under the Anti-Terror Law. When it comes to crimes committed during “mass incidents,” the scope of the power to detain is poorly articulated, without limiting the authority to cases in which people are caught committing acts of violent protest or against whom there is reasonable evidence to indicate specific offending behavior.

As the police would require no prosecutorial or judicial permission under this provision, it leaves open the possibility that someone could be detained if the police think they might commit a crime, amounting to preventive detention, Human Rights Watch said. The law already gives the police a wide scope to detain or remove an individual who poses an identifiable threat to the public, and based on experience with policing in Turkey, this new provision could be used to legitimize and make routine such practices as mass detentions during demonstrations.

Broader Scope for Police Use of Firearms
Perhaps the most problematic provision in the bill extends the right of the police to use a firearm against an individual who “attacks or attempts to attack workplaces, residences, public buildings, schools, hostels, places of worship, vehicles or against open or confined places where there are individuals or crowds by using a Molotov [petrol bomb], explosive, burning, combustible, suffocating, injurious or similar weapon.” While the provision indicates that the police should use a firearm “with the aim of rendering the attack ineffective and to the degree necessary to render it ineffective,” it lacks sufficient safeguards stipulating that the use of lethal force should be a last resort to protect life.

The United Nations special rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, or arbitrary executions, Christof Heyns, expressed concern about inadequate safeguards of use of lethal force by Turkish police following a November 2012 visit to Turkey. A key recommendation of his report concerned the use of force:

96. The laws regulating the use of force by law enforcement officers (Law No. 2559 on the Duties and Powers of the Police; Law No. 2803 on the Organization, Duties and Powers of the Gendarmerie, and related regulation) should be brought in line with international standards. Both proportionality and necessity are crucial components of these standards. The terms “necessity” and “proportionality” in these texts should reflect their interpretation under international law: lethal use of force may be made only as a last resort to protect life. Regulations on the stop warning procedure and on the proportionate use of less lethal weapons should be promulgated and conform to these standards.

The changes in the bill would move Turkey further away from Heyns’ recommendations, Human Rights Watch said.

Increased Penalties Against Protesters
The draft bill includes increased penalties for engaging in violent protest or protest deemed to be “propaganda for terrorist organizations.” Among the problematic elements of these measures, a revision to the Anti-Terror Law (article 7/2) provides for a three to five-year prison sentence for anyone “who conceals or partially conceals their face during a demonstration or public assembly that turns into propaganda for a terrorist organization.” The existing sentence is one to five years. The increase of the minimum sentence means that the accused would automatically be placed in pretrial detention for concealing their face to avoid identification, even if there is no evidence that they have participated in violent activities.

Increased Powers for Provincial Governors
The draft law proposes giving the highest administrative officer of a province, the governor, authority to assume powers that rightly belong to the prosecutorial authorities. The draft bill states that: “Where necessary and where there is a need for urgent measures, a governor can give direct orders to the police chief or public officials to shed light on a crime and to find the perpetrators of the crime.” The provision makes it obligatory for all public officials to comply with such orders.

Because governors are part of the executive branch and are directly appointed by the government in Ankara, allowing them to order police “to shed light on a crime” opens the door to governors directing police investigations, Human Rights Watch said. It would violate the norm under which decisions about the investigation of crimes should the responsibility of prosecutorial authorities and supervision by the judiciary, not political bodies.

Names of Turkish Intelligence (MIT) agents killed in Kobanê and Iraq

SYRIA 360°

Frontline News : Syria in the Last 24 Hours

ANF – KOBANÊ 10.12.2014

There have been many claims of collaboration between Turkey and ISIS. On 29 November ISIS gangs launched an attack from Turkish territory at the Mürşitpınar border gate.

The AhlulBayt News Agency (ABNA) has issued the names of 12 Turkish intelligence (MIT) and special forces operatives who were assumed to be ISIS members and were killed in Mosul and Kobanê.

According to ABNA amongst the Turkish personnel killed in Mosul and Kobanê on the assumption they were ISIS members were former soldiers and MIT operatives.

Names of those killed in Mosul

The ABNA said they had obtained the names of 12 Turkish operatives killed at various times in Kobanê and Mosul, adding: “In an attack during the time of the kidnapping incident in Mosul, an artillery unit of the Iraqi army targeted a MIT ‘safe house’. It was targeted ‘by mistake’ on account of the Turkish operatives being dressed like ISIS militants. It appeared that some of the MIT personnel killed in this house were working at the Turkish consulate (probably in the culture attache section), but never went to the consulate. Their names are as follows:

1- İskender Demir

2- Murat Tin

3- Serdar Karaçam (or Karaçay)

4- Hikmet Y. (found with a Jordanian passport in the name of Muhammed Hammash)

(Bodies taken by Turkey. Name not given of another person reported to have been wounded in this incident).

Killed while trying to infiltrate Kobanê

According to ABNA, 5 special forces operatives were killed as they tried to cross the railway line and infiltrate Kobanê. ABNA said: “From equipment found on these persons it was evident they were Turkish intelligence and special forces operatives, but they were dressed like ISIS militants and had long beards and short moustaches. They had satellite navigation devices and contact information of certain persons working for the MIT in Kobanê. It was understood that these persons were special forces personnel, not ISIS militants, although they were also carrying ID cards given by ISIS to their own fighters.

The names of 4 of the 5 who died are as follows:

1- Mustafa Turan

2- Halil İbrahim T.

3- Hızır K.

4- Murat Çolak (it has been established that this person also used the identity card of certain charities to cross into Iraq and Syria)

(Another corpse, the identity of which could not be ascertained, was taken away by Turkish troops)

3 people killed in Iraq

According to ABNA, 3 people killed in Iraq at various times were found to have had links to the MIT and military intelligence. “Addresses of ‘safe houses’ of Turkish intelligence or the addresses or telephone numbers of persons with direct links to the MIT were found on the bodies of these persons. The corpses were taken by Turkey the next day.”

The names of these persons are as follows:

1- Necmettin Tuna (or Turna)

2- Çağrı Ceyhan (Pilot and lieutenant. Although it was said he had died in a helicopter crash in Kocaeli, in fact he was killed while on a clandestine mission in Iraq of which even his family was not aware)

3-Deniz M.


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ISIS Launches Attack On Syria’s Kobani From Turkey: Activists



BEIRUT (AP) — The Islamic State group launched an attack Saturday on the Syrian border town of Kobani from Turkey, a Kurdish official and activists said, although Turkey denied that the fighters had used its territory for the raid.

The assault began when a suicide bomber driving an armored vehicle detonated his explosives on the border crossing between Kobani and Turkey, said the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and Nawaf Khalil, a spokesman for Syria’s powerful Kurdish Democratic Union Party.

The Islamic State group “used to attack the town from three sides,” Khalil said. “Today, they are attacking from four sides.”

Turkey, while previously backing the Syrian rebels fighting to topple President Bashar Assad in that country’s civil war, has been hesitant to aid them in Kobani because it fears that could stoke Kurdish ambitions for an independent state.

A Turkish government statement on Saturday confirmed that one of the suicide attacks involved a bomb-loaded vehicle that detonated on the Syrian side of the border. But it denied that the vehicle had crossed into Kobani through Turkey, which would be a first for the extremist fighters.

“Claims that the vehicle reached the border gate by crossing through Turkish soil are a lie,” read the statement released from the government press office at the border town of Suruc. “Contrary to certain claims, no Turkish official has made any statement claiming that the bomb-loaded vehicle had crossed in from Turkey.”

“The security forces who are on alert in the border region have … taken all necessary measures,” the statement continued.

Associated Press journalists saw thick black smoke rise over Kobani during the attack. The sound of heavy gunfire echoed through the surrounding hills as armored vehicles took up positions on the border. The Observatory said heavy fighting also took place southwest of the town where the Islamic State group brought in tanks to reinforce their fighters.

Video from the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights purporting to show ISIS militants firing from inside Turkish territory:

Mustafa Bali, a Kobani-based activist, said by telephone that Islamic State group fighters have taken positions in the grain silos on the Turkish side of the border and from there are launching attacks toward the border crossing point. He added that the U.S.-led coalition launched an airstrike Saturday morning on the eastern side of the town.

“It is now clear that Turkey is openly cooperating with Daesh,” Bali said, using the Arabic acronym for the Islamic State. Later in the day, he said the situation was relatively calm on the border after a day of heavy clashes.

The Islamic State group claimed three suicide attacks in Kobani’s border crossing point, the SITE Intelligence Group reported. The group, quoting Twitter accounts linked to the militants, said the suicide attacks were carried out by a Saudi and a Turkmen, adding that one of them was driving a Humvee.

The Islamic State group began its Kobani offensive in mid-September, capturing parts of the town as well as dozens of nearby villages. The town later became the focus of airstrikes by the U.S.-led coalition against the militants.

Kurdish fighters slowly have been advancing in Kobani since late October, when dozens of well-armed Iraqi peshmerga fighters joined fellow Syrian Kurds in the battles. The fighting has killed hundreds of fighters on both sides over the past two months.

The Observatory said Saturday the latest fighting killed at least eight Kurdish fighters and 17 jihadis.

Syria’s Foreign Minister said in a television interview aired Friday night that the U.S.-led coalition’s weeks of airstrikes against militants in Syria had not weakened the Islamic State group. Washington and the U.N. Security Council “should force Turkey to tighten control” of its border in order to help defeat militants, he added.

“Is Daesh today, after two months of coalition airstrikes, weaker? All indications show that it is not weaker,” al-Moallem told Beirut-based Al-Mayadeen TV.

The Islamic State group has declared a self-styled Islamic caliphate in areas under its control in Iraq and Syria, governing it according to its violent interpretation of Shariah law. The group has carried out mass killings targeting government security forces, ethnic minorities and others against it. Associated Press writer Suzan Fraser contributed to this report from Ankara, Turkey.


Witnesses: ISIS vehicle and members came from Turkish side

ANF / İBRAHİM ASLAN / ERSİN ÇAKSU – KOBANÊ 30.11.2014 11:00:11

Eye witnesses spoke to ANF about the suicide attacks the ISIS gangs carried out in Kobanê after crossing into the town from the Turkish side of the border yesterday.

ISIS gangs targeted Kobanê with multiple suicide car attacks using Turkish soil in the Mürşitpınar crossing area along the border with West Kurdistan, Rojava, early yesterday morning. Two ISIS militants carried out suicide attacks at the scene where their bomb-laden vehicles were detonated.

Fierce clashes broke out in the border area as YPG/YPJ (People’s/Women’s Defense Units) fighters strongly responded and repulsed the attacks. ISIS members who went back to the Turkish side, the building of wheat silos of the TMO (soil products office) very close to the border gate, continued to open fire on YPG/YPJ fighters while Turkish soldiers made no intervention as they attacked Kobanê.

Besides the attack from Turkish side, the ISIS gangs also carried out intense attacks from the eastern, southern and western fronts of Kobanê. The attacks were repelled by YPG/YPJ fighters who also blew up two bomb-laden vehicles of the gangs, and destroyed two of the three tanks they used in the onslaught on the southern front.

While the Prime Ministry Directorate General of Press and Information denied reports about the ISIS gangs using Turkish land to attack Kobanê, arguing that these were all fabricated news, statements of eye witnesses, who include civilians and asayesh (security units) members, do entirely contradict the official statement by Turkish authorities.

Witnesses told that the suicide vehicle came form Turkish land, and ISIS members that launched an attack after the explosions came from near the armored vehicles belonging to Turkish security forces. They also pointed out that the Turkish electricity supply was cut along the Kobanê border just before the attacks by ISIS gangs.

Asayesh officer İsmail who witnessed the attacks in Mürşitpınar border crossing area, said the suicide car was detonated at around 5 o’clock Saturday morning, adding that; “I was at the sentry box at the border gate, together with another friend. The bomb-laden car was detonated soon after crossing swiftly from the border gate. We soon later gathered and moved towards the border gate. There were Turkish armored vehicles across our area and the ISIS members were coming from near them. Battle raged out there between us and the gangs. After bringing a wounded comrade to this side, I got to the top of a building where I saw an ISIS member opening fire from a tree on the Turkish side. I fired back on him and also saw a Turkish armored vehicle entering that area three times and people getting out those vehicles.”

Another asayesh officer Elî who was at his position in Kaniya Kurda region on the borderline at the time of the attack, stated that it was not possible for the gangs to come from that side, and that there was no road in that area. Elî told that; “The electricity was unusually cut along the entire borderline beginning from the Mahser village as of 4 in the morning. There was no power cut in other areas.”

Another asayesh officer Mihemed Heqî who was on the watch when the suicide car was detonated, and also suffered an injury in the attack, told the followings; “As my turn of duty was near, which is from 4 to 6 am, they were already attacking us with mortars and heavy weapons from the southern front. Not long after I took over the watch, I heard a sound of chain and the sound of our gate being knocked over. When I looked at the direction where the sound came from, I saw a car coming from Turkey’s side crossing the border gate and moving towards us. It turned the first street and detonated soon after crossing into our side. Houses around us were all demolished as we didn’t understand what was happening. The armored vehicles of Turkey were standing right across us. The suicide car came from near them and there were around 50 other ISIS members there.”

Mihemed Heqî gave the following details regarding the suicide car of the ISIS gangs; “It was a green military vehicle with a heavy weapon installed on it. I saw it as it came from Turkey’s side, crossed the border gate and detonated soon after passing by me. The car came from Turkey side but mortars were being fired from the southern side.”

Another eye witness Doctor Menav Kitkanî who was also on the watch when the attack was carried out told that; “I was trying to see which area had been hit by their mortars when a vehicle coming from the border gate broke into our side and detonated behind our building. I myself saw the car coming from Turkey’s side.”

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50 ISIL Terrorists Killed in Kobani in 24 Hours

Terrorists Killed Local Editor

At least 50 ISIL terrorists have been killed in the past 24 hours in clashes, suicide bombings and US-led air strikes in Syria’s Kobani, a monitor said Sunday.

The opposing UK-based Syrian Observatory said the number of deaths was one of the highest daily tolls for the terrorist group since it launched an assault on the strategic town on the Turkish border in September.

The monitoring group said at least five of those killed were suicide bomb attackers, two of them involved in attacks on the border crossing that separates Kobani from Turkey.

Another 11 were killed in clashes that ensued between Kobani’s Kurdish defenders and the ‘jihadists’ at the border after the bombings, but there was no breakdown for the remaining toll.

The group also said 11 Kurdish fighters were killed in the same period in Kobani, along with one Syrian rebel fighter backing the Kurdish forces.

ISIL began advancing on Kobani on September 16, hoping to quickly seize the small border town and secure its grip on a large stretch of the Syrian-Turkish border.

At one point, it looked set to overrun the town, but Kurdish Syrian fighters, backed by US-led coalition air strikes and an influx of Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga forces, have held back the group.

For now, the town remains roughly evenly divided between ISIL and Kurdish control.

Source: AFP

30-11-2014 – 13:21 Last updated 30-11-2014 – 13:21

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Kurds vs. ISIS: Who is defending Kirkuk’s frontline?


Peshmerga forces deploy to repel any possible ISIS attacks from Mekteb and Halid regions in Kirkuk, Iraq on November 26, 2014. Anadolu Agency/Ali Mukarrem Garip

Published Thursday, November 27, 2014

In a two-part series, Al-Akhbar English examines the mobilization and alliances, as well as challenges, emerging between various Kurdish factions as they confront the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS). The first part explored the prospect of establishing aunited Kurdish army. The following is the second of the series, in which Al-Akhbar English interviews Havel Kani, a PKK field commander based at the outskirts of the Iraqi city of Kirkuk.

Security is tight at the checkpoint entering Kirkuk on the Kirkuk-Baghdad road. Cars and trucks form parallel lines for several hundred metres, as the police proceed to search every vehicle. The city’s security forces fear that Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) bombers may infiltrate the city and carry out attacks, as happened on August 23, 2014, when three simultaneous car bombs killed 15 people and injured 60.

“All main roads coming from the south and west into Kirkuk have been closed to traffic save the Kirkuk-Baghdad road. This is to avoid car bombs and IEDs [improvised explosive devices],” according to Aso Mamand, member of the PUK political bureau in the city.

He adds that the Iraqi Kurdish pershmerga have been shouldering the responsibility for the city’s security, since the Iraqi army dissolved in the face of ISIS’ advance.

“Kurdish cooperation has increased remarkably due to the fight against the Islamic State. There is a strong feeling of solidarity among Kurds and this is a very positive development. However, it is the peshmerga who are leading the fight here. The PKK has offered to help, but they are present just in symbolic numbers.”

Al-Akhbar English drove down the Kirkuk-Baghdad road to the village of Matara, along the frontline with the ISIS. Black flags can be seen fluttering in the wind on the other side of the front, about 1.5 kilometres away. The entrance to the Matara base is manned by peshmerga forces, but dozens of PKK fighters can be found resting from their shift at the front, drinking tea and smoking.

Heval (‘comrade’) Kani is from Kobane. He joined the PKK in the 1990s and spent years in the organisation’s stronghold in the Qandil Mountains. He is one of the PKK field commanders at the Kirkuk front.

Al-Akhbar English: How strong is the PKK presence along the frontline in Kirkuk?

Heval Kani:The PKK has 200 fighters in the Kirkuk region. From their positions, the PKK guerrillas conduct reconnaissance operations behind enemy lines, as well as joint attack operations with the peshmerga. They are deployed as snipers in the first line of defence, while the peshmerga are positioned in the second line with heavy artillery. [This was confirmed by a Kurdish activist who had been to the trenches]. The attack group goes behind enemy lines while the second line of defence provides cover with heavy artillery.

Moreover, the PKK is training able-bodied men and women in the villages along the frontline to defend themselves. Villagers are instructed on how to prepare defence positions and organise shifts for village guards.

Al-Akhbar English: What degree of cooperation is there between the PKK fighters and the peshmerga forces?

HK: As you can see, we share the same premises with the peshmerga: both forces are present in this base. Operations and logistics are organised jointly, and so is the planning, when roles and duties are assigned to the different formations. During an operation, PKK and peshmerga forces have a joint command. For example, two commanders for the former along with two others from the latter. Of course, each commander is responsible to communicate orders to their men, but decisions are taken jointly.

The peshmerga have bigger numbers and heavy weaponry, whereas the PKK operates in very small guerrilla groups of five fighters each, equipped with light weaponry. We don’t need big numbers to be effective, as we are trained in guerrilla warfare. All we need are people committed to the cause. You see this poster? Our comrade Merwan Gezgor had been injured in one operation and, rather than being taken prisoner by ISIS, he blew himself up with a hand grenade.

Al-Akhbar English: Where else is such cooperation in place?

HK: In Makhmour, the PKK has increased its presence and works along with the peshmerga in the same way as in Kirkuk. Along the frontline with IS, we are present with hundreds of fighters. In Shangal, we are organising the so-called Shangal Defence Units by training the local population so that they are able to defend themselves.

Actually, during ISIS’ assault on Shangal, we were able to dispatch forces there in such a quick and effective manner because we have been planning for such an eventuality since 2007, when the then Islamic State in Iraq struck Shangal with suicide bombings. We later offered help to the KDP and the PUK, but they assured us that that wasn’t necessary because all security measures were in place. Now things have changed significantly.

Al-Akhbar English: In what way?

HK: The military cooperation on the ground between different Kurdish groups has created a new atmosphere of optimism and solidarity within the Kurdish camp. This is part of the reason why calls have been renewed to hold a National Congress, which could become a permanent structure, a ‘Kurdish authority’ (marja’iyakurdiya) that would create a joint strategy and defence policy, along with a joint Kurdish defence force. Such a force could be called upon to defend Kurds in all the four parts of Kurdistan, if need be.

Al-Akhbar English: If that is the case, why are Kurdistan Regional Government’s (KRG) officials downplaying the PKK’s presence here?

HK: This subject is very sensitive for the neighbouring countries, such as Iran. [In informal conversations, another PKK commander confirmed that the group had withdrawn its fighters from Khanaqeen and Jalawla due to the proximity to the Iranian border.] Likewise, to be fair, there are still divisions within the Kurdish camp, where some disagree on the creation of a joint defence force, as they are attached to their narrow political interests. Creating this joint structure won’t be easy, but this is our long term strategic aim and we’ll continue working for it. This is also a form of struggle. People are ready, but politicians aren’t.

Al-Akhbar English: If you create a joint force for Kurds, how are the other peoples in Kirkuk, for instance, going to react?

HK: The force should not only be Kurdish. It should be open to the other components of society. In Kirkuk, there are many different peoples, and all should be allowed to participate via the creation of defence units. For example, in Rojava [Syrian Kurdistan], the People’s Protection Units (YPG) have been formed and their name says it all: they are the people’s, not the Kurds’.

Franco Galdini is a freelance journalist and analyst specialising in the Middle East. In 2013, he was the political and media analyst at the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Syria.

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ISIL Faces War of Attrition in Syria’s Kobani


The Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant terrorist group is locked in a war of attrition in the Syrian border town of Kobani, where Kurdish fighters backed by US-led air strikes are mounting fierce resistance.


Two months after ISIL launched a major offensive to try to capture the strategic prize on the Turkish frontier, the terrorists have failed to defeat the town’s Kurdish defenders. “Several weeks ago, it looked like Kobani would fall, but it is now clear that it will not,” said Romain Caillet, a French expert on terrorist movements.

“ISIL controls more than half of the town but is unable to advance further,” he told AFP. Caillet said that foreigners, including French, Uzbek and Chechen militants, have been battling alongside Syrian combatants. “There were even five French (jihadists) killed in a single strike,” he said.

ISIL “now faces a war of attrition that is costing it more than its Kurdish adversaries”, said Rami Abdel Rahman, director of the Britain-based Observatory. Kurdish forces on Wednesday cut off a key supply route used by the militants, according to the Observatory, which monitors the war in Syria through a network of local sources.

Source: AFP

15-11-2014 – 10:11 Last updated 15-11-2014 – 10:1

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‘ISIS Sees Turkey as Its Ally’: Former Islamic State Member Reveals Turkish Army Cooperation




Nov 7, 2014, Newsweek

Via SYRIA Solidarity Movement 

A former member of ISIS has revealed the extent to which the cooperation of the Turkish military and border forces allows the terrorist group, who now control large parts of Iraq and Syria, to travel through Turkish territory to reinforce fighters battling Kurdish forces.

A reluctant former communications technician working for Islamic State, going by the pseudonym ‘Sherko Omer’, who managed to escape the group, told Newsweek that he travelled in a convoy of trucks as part of an ISIS unit from their stronghold in Raqqa, across Turkish border, through Turkey and then back across the border to attack Syrian Kurds in the city of Serekaniye in northern Syria in February, in order to bypass their defences.

“ISIS commanders told us to fear nothing at all because there was full cooperation with the Turks,” said Omer of crossing the border into Turkey, “and they reassured us that nothing will happen, especially when that is how they regularly travel from Raqqa and Aleppo to the Kurdish areas further northeast of Syria because it was impossible to travel through Syria as YPG controlled most parts of the Kurdish region.”

Until last month, NATO member Turkey had blocked Kurdish fighters from crossing the border into Syria to aid their Syrian counterparts in defending the border town of Kobane. Speaking to Newsweek, Kurds in Kobane said that people attempting to carry supplies across the border were often shot at.

National Army of Syrian Kurdistan (YPG) spokesman Polat Can went even further, saying that Turkish forces were actively aiding ISIS. “There is more than enough evidence with us now proving that the Turkish army gives ISIS terrorists weapons, ammunitions and allows them to cross the Turkish official border crossings in order for ISIS terrorists to initiate inhumane attacks against the Kurdish people in Rojava [north-eastern Syria].”

Omer explained that during his time with ISIS, Turkey had been seen as an ally against the Kurds. “ISIS saw the Turkish army as its ally especially when it came to attacking the Kurds in Syria. The Kurds were the common enemy for both ISIS and Turkey. Also, ISIS had to be a Turkish ally because only through Turkey they were able to deploy ISIS fighters to northern parts of the Kurdish cities and towns in Syria.”

“ISIS and Turkey cooperate together on the ground on the basis that they have a common enemy to destroy, the Kurds,” he added.

While Newsweek was not able to independently verify Omer’s testimony, anecdotal evidence of Turkish forces turning a blind eye to ISIS activity has been mounting over the past month.

Omer, the son of a successful businessman in Iraqi Kurdistan, initially went to Syria to join the Free Syrian Army’s fight against Bashar al-Assad, but found himself sucked in to ISIS, unable to leave. He was given a job a communication technician, and worked at the ISIS communications bureau in Raqqa.

“I have connected ISIS field captains and commanders from Syria with people in Turkey on innumerable occasions,” said Omer.

“I rarely heard them speak in Arabic, and that was only when they talked to their own recruiters, otherwise, they mostly spoke in Turkish because the people they talked to were Turkish officials of some sorts because ISIS guys used to be very serious when they talked to them.”

Omer was then transferred to a battalion travelling to fight Kurdish forces in Serekaniya, north-eastern Syria, and describes travelling through Turkey in a convoy of trucks, staying at safehouses along the way, before crossing back into Syria at the Ceylanpinar border crossing.

Before crossing the border back into Syria, he says: “My ISIS commander reassured us once again that it was all going to be all right because cooperation had been made with the Turks. He frequently talked on the radio in Turkish.”

“While we tried to cross the Ceylanpinar border post, the Turkish soldiers’ watchtower light spotted us. The commander quickly told us to stay calm, stay in position and not to look at the light. He talked on the radio in Turkish again and we stayed in our positions. Watchtower light then moved about 10 minutes later and the commander ordered us to move because the watchtower light moving away from us was the signal that we could safely cross the border into Serekaniye.”

Once in Serekaniye, Omer says he surrendered to Kurdish forces when they attacked his camp. He was held for several months before his captors were convinced that he had not been a fighter in ISIS and had not taken part in violence.

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US-led Air Raids Target ISIL Positions, Including an Oil Field


US-led air raids hit positions related to the so-called ISIL terrorist group in the north and east of Syria, including an oil field, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said on Saturday.

US strikes

“Four explosions were heard during the night in Deir Ezzor province (eastern Syria), caused by US-Arab air strikes in the area of the Tanak oil field and an ISIL checkpoint… killing two people,” said the Observatory.

The Britain-based monitoring group said it was unclear whether the casualties were militants or civilians.

The airstrikes were reportedly conducted in response to the militants’ shelling of a camp where displaced people from the Syrian town of Kobani are currently residing.

The arrival of the Iraqi Kurd peshmerga, or “those who face death,” with armored vehicles and artillery, has enabled them to shell ISIL positions around Kobani and take back some villages.

The peshmerga entered Kobani in more than a dozen trucks and jeeps last Friday from Turkey and were given a heroes’ welcome by Turkish Kurds and Syrian Kurdish refugees, angry at Turkey’s refusal to send in its own troops.

The Kurdistan Regional Government, which runs a semi-autonomous region in northern Iraq, has made clear from the outset that its peshmerga fighters, numbering around 150, would not engage in direct combat in Kobani but rather provide artillery support to Syrian Kurds.

“Of course the presence of the peshmerga has been helpful because they’re shelling ISIL positions, destroying their fighters and weapons,” Idris Nassan, a local official in Kobani, said by telephone. “Because of the peshmerga shelling we’ve stopped ISIL advances in the western rural areas as well as the east and southeastern front line of the city,” he told Reuters.

Source: Agencies

08-11-2014 – 14:08 Last updated 08-11-2014 – 14:08

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by Patrick Cockburn, The Independent

Via Mouqawamah Music

Remember the time when Libya was being held up by the American, British, French and Qatari governments as a striking example of benign and successful foreign intervention? It is worth looking again at film of David Cameron grandstanding as liberator in Benghazi in September 2011 as he applauds the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi and tells the crowd that

“your city was an example to the world as you threw off a dictator and chose freedom”.

Mr Cameron has not been back to Benghazi, nor is he likely to do so as warring militias reduce Libya to primal anarchy in which nobody is safe. The majority of Libyans are demonstrably worse off today than they were under Gaddafi, notwithstanding his personality cult and authoritarian rule. The slaughter is getting worse by the month and is engulfing the entire country.

“Your friends in Britain and France will stand with you as you build your democracy,” pledged Mr Cameron to the people of Benghazi.

Three years later, they are words he evidently wants to forget, since there was almost no reference to Libya, the one military intervention he had previously ordered, when he spoke in the House of Commons justifying British airstrikes against Islamic State (Isis) in Iraq.

The foreign media has largely ceased to cover Libya because it rightly believes it is too dangerous for journalists to go there. Yet I remember a moment in the early summer of 2011 in the frontline south of Benghazi when there were more reporters and camera crews present than there were rebel militiamen. Cameramen used to ask fellow foreign journalists to move aside when they were filming so that this did not become too apparent. In reality, Gaddafi’s overthrow was very much Nato’s doing, with Libyan militiamen mopping up.

Human rights organisations have had a much better record in Libya than the media since the start of the uprising in 2011. They discovered that there was no evidence for several highly publicised atrocities supposedly carried out by Gaddafi’s forces that were used to fuel popular support for the air war in the US, Britain, France and elsewhere.

These included the story of the mass rape of women by Gaddafi’s troops that Amnesty International exposed as being without foundation. The uniformed bodies of government soldiers were described by rebel spokesmen as being men shot because they were about to defect to the opposition.Video film showed the soldiers still alive as rebel prisoners so it must have been the rebels who had executed them and put the blame on the government.

Foreign governments and media alike have good reason to forget what they said and did in Libya in 2011, because the aftermath of the overthrow of Gaddafi has been so appalling. The extent of the calamity is made clear by two reports on the present state of the country, one by Amnesty International called “Libya: Rule of the gun – abductions, torture and other militia abuses in western Libya” and a second by Human Rights Watch, focusing on the east of the country, called “Libya: Assassinations May Be Crimes Against Humanity”.

The latter is a gruesome but fascinating account of what people in Benghazi call “Black Friday,” which occurred on 19 September this year, the most deadly day in a three-day assassination spree in the city, in which “the dead included two young activists, members of the security services, an outspoken cleric and five other civilians”.

The activists were Tawfiq Bensaud and Sami Elkawafi, two men aged 18 and 19, who had campaigned and demonstrated against militia violence. Among others who died was a prominent cleric, Seikh Nabil Sati, who was murdered, as well as a young man, Abdulrahman al-Mogherbi, who was kidnapped at the cleric’s funeral and later found dead.

Their murders brought to 250 the number of victims of politically motivated killings this year in Benghazi and Derna, the major cities in eastern Libya. This is not counting the far larger number who have died in military operations between the different militias or the battles that have raged in and around Tripoli.

Without the rest of the world paying much attention, a civil war has been raging in western Libya since 13 July between the Libya Dawn coalition of militias, originally based in Misrata, and another militia group centred on Zintan. A largely separate civil war between the forces of retired General Khalifa Haftar and the Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries is being fought out in the city. Government has collapsed. Amnesty says that torture has become commonplace with victims being “beaten with plastic tubes, sticks, metal bars or cables, given electric shocks, suspended in stress positions for hours, kept blindfolded and shackled for days.”

Libyan troops clash with Islamic extremists in Benghazi last week

Libyan troops clash with Islamic extremists in Benghazi last week

It is easy enough to deride the neo-imperial posturing of David Cameron and Nicolas Sarkozy, or to describe the abyss into which Libya has fallen since 2011. The people whom that intervention propelled into power have reduced a country that had been peaceful for more than half a century to a level of violence that is beginning to approach that of Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. Whatever Western intentions, the result has been a disaster. In Libya, as in Syria today, Western intervention was supposedly in support of democracy, but was conducted in alliance with the Sunni absolute monarchies of the Gulf who had no such aims.

The temptation is to say that foreign intervention invariably brings catastrophe to the country intervened in. But this is not quite true: US air strikes in defence of the Syrian Kurds at Kobani and the Iraqi Kurds in their capital Erbil are justifiable and prevent massacres by Isis. But the drawback is that foreign intervention is always in the interests of the country intervening. These may, for a time, coincide with the real interests of the country where the foreign intervention is taking place, but this seldom lasts very long.

This is the lesson of recent foreign interventions in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya and Syria. Most Afghans wanted the Taliban out in 2001 but they did not want the warlords back, something the Americans found acceptable. The US would fight the Taliban, but not confront the movement’s sponsors in Pakistan, thereby dooming Afghanistan to endless war. In Iraq in 2003, many Iraqis welcomed the US-led invasion because they wanted the end of Saddam Hussein’s rule, but they did not want a foreign occupation. The Americans did not want the fall of Saddam to benefit Iran, so they needed to occupy the country and install their own nominees in power.

In all three cases cited above, the West intervened in somebody else’s civil war and tried to dictate who won. There was a pretence that the Taliban, Saddam, Gaddafi or Assad were demonically evil and without any true supporters. This foreign support may give victory to one party in a civil war, as in Libya, which they could not win by relying on their own strength. In Iraq, the beleaguered Sunni could not fight a US-backed Shia government so it needed to bring in al-Qaeda. Thus the conditions were created that eventually produced Isis.

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Syrian Foreign Minister Muallem: our diplomatic priorities are to ensure resilience, secure more arms

Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Muallem gives a press conference with his Russian counterpart on September 9, 2013 following a meeting in Moscow. AFP/Yuri Kadobnov

Published Thursday, November 6, 2014

Ever since Washington put together an international anti-ISIS coalition, the situation in Syria and the region has become more ambiguous and blurry. The Syrian position has been to accept US airstrikes against the terrorist group as a fait accompli, while Iran continues to object to them and Moscow criticizes them sharply. What is happening inside the Russian-Iranian-Syrian alliance?

The question would disconcert most diplomats, let alone Syrian Foreign Minister Walid al-Muallem, who usually weighs his word very carefully. But, to my surprise, the minister spoke unreservedly, and at the end of our meeting, he told me, “Publish whatever you see fit from what I said. I will let you judge the situation.” Thus, I will have to choose what may be published from a long conversation with Syria’s top diplomat that was not meant for publication, but for “comprehension.” Below is what I judged to be appropriate to publish.

At the end, I came out with a thorough understanding of the workings of Syrian policy. This policy works in all circumstances in accordance with Syria’s own criteria and traditions, based on the fact that it is a pivotal state in the region, a principle that Syria does not compromise on, though it manages its battles with maximum flexibility and caution, in light of the priorities of the stage.

At this point, the priority is to defeat terrorism in Syria.

Muallem, who had just underwent heart surgery, has regained some of his vitality, youthfulness, humor, and cigarettes. His vision is panoramic, without any filters or retouching, and there is no room in it for anger, emotion, impulsiveness, or weakness: it sets out priorities carefully, and manages the international and regional chess game skillfully. It loses in some instances to win in others, and proceeds with caution and confidence towards the goal.

The dangerous game initiated by President Hafez al-Assad in 1970 continues, and the Syrian player remains in position. This is the impression that one comes out after an open discussion with the minister, who has been involved in all the difficult and near-impossible chapters of the Syrian crisis, fulfilling his duty quietly and with confidence; Muallem is reminiscent of the Soviet epoch, and Minister Sergei Lavrov in particular.

We asked Minister Muallem about his relationship with his Russian counterpart. It goes beyond the political and professional to the personal, he said. They are friends in every sense of the word, and are candid with each other and never withhold – friendly of course – criticism where appropriate. In their most recent meeting, Muallem openly expressed to his friend his annoyance over the Russian diplomatic use of the term “our Western partners.” He told him, “Those are not Russia’s partners, but her enemies.” This reflects the depth of the historical relationship between Damascus and Moscow. Let this be our first stop then.

Syrian-Russian relations, as demonstrated during the years of crisis and war, are excellent and special. Damascus is different from other friends of Russia in that it does not use this relationship to blackmail the West. Rather, Syria, culturally and emotionally, leans towards the Russians, who in turn see Syria not just as an ally but as a part of the family. Russia owes its Orthodox faith, that is, one of the key components of its national identity, to Syria. Russia owes Syria at present, just like Iran does, for the regional and international resurgence they achieved, which would not have been possible in the near term were it not for Syrian endurance.

Syrian diplomacy stands on solid ground, represented by the resilience of the republic, and the strength of its army, yet without the implication of arrogance or adventurism. Its current priorities are to manage all issues, so as to ensure continued resilience, to protect Syria from an aggression it cannot cope with, and to secure more arms for its military.

Damascus has made clear to its allies, Russia and Iran, its position on the US-led coalition against ISIS. The coalition put Syria face to face with two options: Rejecting it – without being able to translate this position into a successful military move – would give the hawks in the US administration and Washington’s regional allies the pretext to wage a US-NATO war on Syria, “and we will not give them that pretext,” Muallem says. The second option is political acceptance, which contradicts “our strategy on sovereignty and our political vision.”

Thus we went for the third option, Muallem declared: “realistic acceptance,” without going into the adventure of a losing confrontation, but also without political recognition. Muallem said, “There is no coordination between us and the Americans, or a deal; they notified us, directly, through our envoy to the United Nations, Bashar Jaafari, and through Baghdad and Moscow, that the Coalition strikes will be directed exclusively against ISIS, and will not affect the Syrian army. Do we trust this pledge? For the time being, we are aware that US President Barack Obama, for internal reasons, wants to avoid war with Syria, and wants to intervene only against ISIS through air strikes. We benefit from this, but we do not know how Obama will act, under mounting pressure, which will be more effective if the Republicans manage to win a majority in the US midterm elections. Therefore, we have to be ready. This is what we have explained frankly to the Russians, and asked them to use this time to provide us with advanced weaponry.”

Al-Akhbar: Do you mean the S-300?

Walid Muallem: Yes, and other advanced weapons that would allow the Syrian army to face the challenges ahead.

AA: Have you received the S-300?

WM: No, but we will and other advanced weapons in a reasonable timeframe. Russian defense companies operate under a slow bureaucracy, but the main issue is going to be resolved quickly – that is, the Kremlin’s political approval. This could happen very soon.

AA: Have the Russians approved a $1 billion loan?

WM: We have not requested such a loan. I do not know what the source of this information is, but it is not true. We have sufficient credit facilities from the Iranian ally. As for what we asked for, and was met with understanding and responsiveness by the Russians, it was more important than the loan: a series of economic and trade agreements that will boost the Syrian economy, and enhance [our] resilience and [help in] reconstruction.

AA: Despite your disputes?

WM: There are no disputes, but a different assessment of the situation to face the common challenge. It is us who are running the war, and our positions are governed delicately by the balance of power on the ground. The Russians and the Iranians can take tough positions vis-à-vis the US-led coalition. We are pleased with these stances, and we want them to be sustained, because they hinder aggressive tendencies in the West.

AA: Do you expect a Turkish military assault? Would you confront it?

WM: Our strategic decision is to confront any Turkish aggression militarily. We hope to have, as soon as possible, advanced weapons capabilities that would ensure we could thwart the aggression. However, we do not see a possibility for aggression by Turkey against Syria in the foreseeable future. Turkish conditions for intervention in Syria are still rejected by Washington. Moreover, such an intervention is not approved by Saudi Arabia, Turkey’s main rival in the other camp. This camp is marred by contradictions, of which we benefit. In addition, Turkey’s internal situation is very fragile in light of a possible Kurdish rebellion. The steadfastness of our Kurdish compatriots in Ain al-Arab thwarted Erdogan’s policy, and gave President Obama, on the other hand, meaning for his air campaign. The Turkish position on ISIS’ assault on Ain al-Arab rallied the Kurds everywhere against the Turkish government. Kurds, not only in Turkey, where they number 15 million, are increasingly rallying around the leadership of Abdullah Ocalan, as well as Iraq’s Kurds; with every additional day of steadfastness in Ain al-Arab Massoud Barzani and his ally, Erdogan lose.

AA: But where does Damascus stand on the battle in Ain al-Arab?

WM: Ain al-Arab is Syrian. Its citizens are Syrian. We have supplied and continued to supply it with aid, weapons, and munitions, and will continue to do so. Before the Americans started their air strikes, the Syrian air force was carrying out daily air strikes against ISIS concentrations around Ain al-Arab. But this had to stop because there is no coordination with the Americans on the field.

AA: Is Salih Muslim, the leader of the Syrian Kurdish Democratic Party, a separatist?

WM: No, he is not a separatist. The party has established a self-governing administration for the Kurdish areas caught in the war. He was keen for this administration not to be exclusively Kurdish, and to include Arab tribes in those areas. The Kurdish areas in Syria in Hasakah, Manbij, and Ain al-Arab cannot secede because they are not geographically contiguous, and are also home to other communities. Furthermore, we will not allow nor recognize any secession in Syria. Syria has a mosaic of ethnic, religious, and regional components, and sanctioning any separatism will fragment the state. This will never happen. The alternative is what the state has always been, a secular, national state with multiple components and cultures represented in one framework, which can be developed democratically in line with its position, regional role, and alliances, etc.

The alliance with Iran

AA: In the context of alliances, the Syrian-Iranian alliance appears deep and controversial at once. What is your take on this?

WM: Tampering with this alliance in Iran is unacceptable for Imam Khamenei and his sphere. The possible hindrances come from the liberal sphere. Each time this happens, the imam, the parliament, and the Revolutionary Guards settle the matter in Syria’s favor. Iran has provided us, and continues to provide us, the arms we need, especially Iranian-made munitions. Furthermore, Tehran supports us politically, economically, and financially. We are grateful for this support, and we are confident it will continue, and with it the Iranian senior leadership’s realization of the importance of the alliance with Syria. Sometimes, some Iranian politicians do not appreciate its importance. In my discussions with the Iranian Foreign Minister, Javad Zarif, I told him clearly: The steadfastness in Syria is that what allows you to negotiate from a strong position with the West on the nuclear issue.

AA: Does this mean, then, that religious conservatives in Iran are secular Syria’s closest allies?

WM: Of course, because they are aware of Iranian strategic interests, and are free from pro-Western tendencies.

AA: But are there difficulties with this camp? Have they put pressure on you to change the Syrian position vis-à-vis Hamas?

WM: No, that did not happen. Our position on Hamas and the Muslim Brotherhood is clear and well known to our allies. It is not a matter of debate.

Saudi Arabia and Egypt

AA: Does this stance, which is shared with Egypt and Syria, not open the door to reconciliation with them?

WM: For Egypt, we support the state and the armed forces, without any ambiguity, in the face of violence, terrorism, and religious extremism. Syria and Egypt, at the strategic level, are in the same trench, but the position of the Egyptian leadership regarding Syria, despite the positivity, is not yet up to the level of the common challenge. We hope that this will change soon. We understand the pressures faced by Cairo, especially in the economic field, and the need for Saudi support, but we want Egypt to regain its full Arab role; this begins in Syria.

AA: What about Saudi Arabia – is there a prospect for reconciliation?

WM: The Saudi position on the Muslim Brotherhood is in the context of its conflict with Qatar and Turkey. However, it continues to support terrorist groups, and to incite against Syria and President Bashar al-Assad. This policy is adventurous and will ultimately backfire on Saudi Arabia.

AA: Does Saudi Arabia stand to the right of the United States on Syria as a result of blind hatred? Is it because the president described its leaders after the 2006 war on Lebanon as “half men”?

WM: It’s possible. But I remind you that King Abdullah visited Damascus after that famous speech, and accompanied President al-Assad to Lebanon. Saudi Arabia is hostile to us because of our independent policies toward Lebanon and Iraq; it believes that these policies undercut its regional influence. Also, the continued growth of Syrian-Iranian relations angers Riyadh, and pushes it to work against Syria.

AA: Does this mean that if things progress towards an Iranian-Western-Saudi understanding, and a Syrian-Saudi understanding regarding Lebanon and Iraq, that reconciliation may be reached?

WM: We will spare no opportunity to stop the war on Syria and ensure the safety of the Syrians. But it is those who are paying the price in blood who will decide Syrian policy in the end; this is a political reality, which the war produced. It is no longer possible to manage Syrian policy without the consent of the national public opinion. The Syrians have a certain position on Saudi Arabia because of its funding and support for the aggression on their country. The same goes for Qatar.

AA: Has there been a Qatari attempt for reconciliation?

WM: Yes. But we rejected it. The Syrian people will not accept this reconciliation. If Qatar wants reconciliation then it must take the initiative to halt support for terrorists, and to stop the campaign against Syria.

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ISIS Tortured Kobani Child Hostages

Since the beginning of the Syrian uprising, children have suffered the horrors of detention and torture, first by the Assad government and now by ISIS. This evidence of torture and abuse of children by ISIS underlines why no one should support their criminal enterprise.

(Istanbul) – Kurdish children from the Syrian city of Kobani (or Ain al-`Arab in Arabic) were tortured and abused while detained by Islamic State (also known as ISIS), Human Rights Watch said today. Four children gave detailed accounts of the suffering they endured while held for four months with about 100 other children.

The children, aged 14 to 16, were among 153 Kurdish boys whom ISIS abducted on May 29, 2014, as they traveled home to Kobani. According to Syrian Kurdish officials and media reports, ISIS released the last 25 of the children on October 29. Interviewed one by one in Turkey, where they had fled to safety after ISIS released them in late September, the four boys described enduring repeated beatings with a hose and electric cable, as well as being forced to watch videos of ISIS beheadings and attacks.

“Since the beginning of the Syrian uprising, children have suffered the horrors of detention and torture, first by the Assad government and now by ISIS,” said Fred Abrahams, special advisor for children’s rights at Human Rights Watch. “This evidence of torture and abuse of children by ISIS underlines why no one should support their criminal enterprise.”

ISIS initially stopped about 250 Kurdish students from Kobani as they traveled home after taking their middle school exams in Aleppo on May 29. ISIS released all the girls, around 100, within a few hours, but kept 153 boys at a school in Manbij, a town 55 kilometers southwest of Kobani.

About 50 of the boys escaped or were released between June and September, with about 15 of them apparently being exchanged for ISIS fighters held by the Kurdish armed group, the People’s Protection Units (YPG). In late September, ISIS released about 75 of the remaining boys, including those interviewed by Human Rights Watch. The four children did not know what prompted their release.

An official from the Democratic Union Party (PYD), the main Kurdish political party administering Kobani, told Human Rights Watch that ISIS released the last 25 boys on October 29. The children are making their way to Turkey because of the fighting in Kobani, he said.

According to the four children interviewed by Human Rights Watch, ISIS guards at the Manbij school beat the children who tried to escape, did poorly in compulsory religious lessons, or did anything else perceived by their captors as misbehaving. ISIS gave especially bad treatment to the boys from families that had a relative in the YPG, the children said.

“It was really those whose families were close to the YPG who suffered most,” said one of the boys, aged 15. “They [ISIS] told them to give them the addresses of their families, cousins, uncles, saying ‘When we go to Kobani we will get them and cut them up.’ They saw the YPG as kafir [unbelievers].”

The 15-year-old said ISIS guards used an electric cable to beat children on the hands, back, and soles of their feet, especially when they misbehaved. He described one incident:

One child who muttered “Oh Mother!” when he was caught in another group’s room was strung up, suspended with his hands tied behind his back, one foot tied to his hands, and told he should call on God, not his mother.

The four boys said ISIS divided the children into eight groups, with each group sleeping in a different classroom. Each child received three blankets:two to sleep on the floor and one as a cover. The guards let them bathe once every two weeks. They provided food twice per day but did not allow the children to play outside after some of them escaped.

The children said they got very occasional visits and phone calls from their parents. They were also initially forbidden from speaking Kurdish.

All of the children described being forced to pray five times a day and undergoing intense religious instruction. The teachers also forced them to watch videos of ISIS in combat and beheading captives.

The children said the guards and religious teachers at the school were a combination of Syrian Arabs and people from Jordan, Libya, Tunisia, and Saudi Arabia. The Syrians gave the worst beatings, especially a man named Abu Shehid from near Aleppo, all of them said.

One of the boys, 16, explained more about the frequent beatings:

Those who didn’t conform to the program were beaten. They beat us with a green hose or a thick cable with wire running through it. They also beat the soles of our feet. The tire was used less often. I was once put inside the tire and beaten. They sometimes found excuses to beat us for no reason. The Syrian guards were the worst and beat us the worst. They made us learn verses of the Quran and beat those who didn’t manage to learn them. When some boys tried to escape, the treatment got worse and we were all punished and given less food.

The four boys said they got no explanation for their release beyond that they had finished their religious training. They were given 150 Syrian pounds (US$1), a DVD with religious material, and let go.

In addition to the children abducted in May, ISIS has seized other children and adult male and female civilians from villages near Kobani, and is apparently holding some of them hostage as a bargaining chip for the release of ISIS fighters held by the YPG, four Kurds from the Kobani area told Human Rights Watch (see details below).

Taking hostages is a war crime under international humanitarian law (the laws of armed conflict). The war crime of torture, under international humanitarian law, is the infliction of severe physical or mental pain or suffering for purposes such as obtaining information or a confession, punishment, intimidation, or coercion.

On August 15, the UN Security Council passed resolution 2170, calling on all member states to take national measures to stop the flow of foreign fighters, financing, and arms to ISIS, Jabhat al-Nusra, and any other individual or group associated with al-Qaida.

On September 24, the UN Security Council adopted resolution 2178, urging states to counter terrorism by establishing screening measures, effective border controls, and other steps to prevent the recruitment, organization, and movement of terrorists, including those affiliated with ISIS. The resolution also urged states to improve cooperation, pursue prosecutions, and help build the capacity of other states to fight terrorist groups.

“Governments in the Middle East and the West should swiftly implement the UN Security Council resolutions aimed at curbing support for ISIS,” said Abrahams. “To stem ISIS abuses, governments need to tackle its fundraising and recruitment.”

Other Syrian Kurds Taken Hostage by ISIS

A woman and her daughter-in-law from Kunaftar village near Kobani, interviewed together, said that ISIS had seized two men and 12 women and children after it captured the village on May 21. A document prepared by the YPG listed the names and ages of the 14 people, 6 of whom were children under 10. ISIS released the women and most of the children on June 28, the day before Ramadan began, but four months later were still holding the two men and one 17-year-old boy.

The daughter-in-law, 20, said she was one of those detained and released. She said ISIS held the 14 people in Manbij and interrogated them without violence about the captives’ relations to the YPG. The woman said she gave birth to a baby during her captivity and ISIS guards took her to a hospital for the delivery.

The woman’s mother-in-law said she went to the ISIS commander in Manbij during the group’s detention to complain. “I went to the emir of Manbij, Abu Hashim, to plead for him to release them,” she said. “He said: ‘Let the YPG release our people who they are holding prisoner and we will release them.’”

In Minas village, also near Kobani, ISIS seized seven civilian men when it captured the village in the beginning of October, a male relative of two of the captives told Human Rights Watch. Three of the men had stayed in the village as ISIS advanced; the other four, including two of the man’s uncles, returned after ISIS arrived to get some personal possessions, he said. The man said he called and briefly spoke with one of his uncles after the uncle had been caught.

A 40-year-old farmer from Ghassaniya (Helinj in Kurdish) village said ISIS had abducted four of his nephews, ages 16, 17, 18, and 27 or 28, in late February as they were driving through ISIS-controlled territory en route to Iraqi Kurdistan. The family found their abandoned vehicle at a place called Aliya on the Aleppo-Hassakah road, 10 km west of Tel Tamer, he said. “This area was under ISIS control and I have no doubt that ISIS took them for the purpose of frightening and terrorizing people,” he said.

Two officials from the PYD told Human Rights Watch that the four men are among an estimated 160 men and boys that ISIS abducted from the same location in late February as the group was traveling to Iraqi Kurdistan for work. They reported that none of the group is known to have been released.


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ISIS’ fighting doctrine: Sorting fact from fiction

Iraqi special forces search a house in the Jurf al-Sakhr area, north of the Shia shrine city of Karbala on October 30, 2014, after they retook the area from Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) jihadists over the weekend after months of fighting to regain ground. (Photo: AFP-Haidar Hamdani)
Published Friday, October 31, 2014

A careful and specialized examination of the strengths and weaknesses of the fighting doctrine and the military performance of suicidal salafi jihadi groups, such as the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), is yet to be done. Such a study has not been carried out by official military authorities in countries directly affected, such as Iraq and Syria, or by scholars specialized in studying these groups. Nevertheless, it is possible to review some of the information on the issue found in different publications.

Let us begin with the simple but valuable remarks written by a rank and file Iraqi fighter in the Iraqi army nicknamed Abu Musa, whom we had referred to previously in an articlepublished in Al-Akhbar [in Arabic] on October 21.
This fighter participated in many of the armed confrontations with ISIS after the fall of Mosul on June 10, 2014. He noted with his piercing vision and insight and through his personal combat experience certain observations which he posted on social networking sites on July 15. In these observations, which were printed by several Iraqi newspapers and news websites, he summarized the principles of ISIS’ offensive and defensive operations and how they should be responded to.
Sniping, booby-trapping and suicide bombings
This fighter tells us that during attack operations, ISIS uses mortar shells and rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs), then pushes its fighters who are carrying these bombers and heavy machine guns – DShK 1938 (Dushka) – to reign down heavy fire on the enemy while its snipers hunt resisters at the height of the attack.
We can conclude from this observation that the important contribution by ISIS lies in the intensity of firepower during a swift attack and in changing the definition and function of sniping from a marginal and clandestine security tactic outside the context of the main battle to a tactic of engagement not only within the battle but at its peak. This development has achieved important results on the ground.
Abu Musa adds that
“in cases of attack from remote distances or long-range engagement, ISIS sends suicide bombers driving trucks or car bombs and other fighters some of them carrying explosive belts but not all of them are booby-trapped to instill terror in the ranks of those resisting them. Then they send detachments armed with heavy machine guns (PKC and Dushka) to the battle that is, by now, almost decided in their favor.”

We notice then that suicide attack operations are not only meant to inflict heavy losses within the ranks of the enemy, but to strike at its psychological cohesion and morale.

We notice then that suicide attack operations are not only meant to inflict heavy losses within the ranks of the enemy, but to strike at its psychological cohesion and morale. There is a recent example of this that we can cite. Blowing up a booby-trapped fuel tank near al-Mosul Hotel the day the city fell had a tremendous impact psychologically and in terms of morale, as acknowledged by a senior military Iraqi commander.

As to how ISIS organizes its defense when it is attacked, Abu Musa noted that
“ISIS’ resistance is simple and easy, especially in street battles where the Iraqi army’s traditional combat method of reliance on infantry should be changed to reliance on snipers equipped with advanced, long-range scoped sniper rifles and on armored vehicles equipped with single, double or quadruple barreled machine guns.”
He added:
“Killing ISIS members in any clash by well-hidden snipers throws them off balance and prompts them to make mistakes that nearly push them to suicide as they reveal their whereabouts, becoming easy prey to security forces with all their weapons.”
Abu Musa concluded:
“Whoever wants to defeat ISIS has to rely on snipers equipped with advanced sniping rifles and on armored vehicles that protect their personnel against ISIS snipers and are equipped with single and double barreled dushkas in addition to increasing the number of PKC-carrying security forces in every company or brigade. Finally, providing air cover is very important in battles against ISIS but it might lose its value during short-range combat because enemies’ trenches are so close.”
Increasing the number of well-trained snipers, which Abu Musa noted and called for emulating, is not the decisive factor in ISIS’ defensive strategy.
There is another element that is no less important, namely, densely and intelligently booby-trapping the areas being defended with improvised explosive devises (IEDs) and mines. This way a fighter attacking ISIS’ defenses is caught between two fires, the fire of the snipers stationed in high places and the fire of the mines and IEDs that completely pave the target area. This three-pronged strategy (sniping, booby-trapping and suicide bombings) has succeeded in all the cities that ISIS militants entered and from which government forces have not been able to expel them. Falluja and Tikrit serve as the best examples of this strategy.
The more important question is why don’t government forces and the civilian forces helping them embrace this strategy and abandon the traditional method adopted back in World War I of attacking with piles of infantry units to prevent more cities from falling, especially that these plans have become public and well-known?
The writings of Abu Musa and others like him about the importance of snipers were taken into consideration. There has been talk that the Iraqi military leadership is moving towards more reliance on snipers. Information has been published – even though keeping military secrets requires not publishing such information – about campaigns to prepare and train thousands of snipers in many provinces. The authorities have benefited from individuals with “innately or naturally good aiming skills.” It was said that the number of volunteers in just the province of Dhi Qar reached 5,000 snipers. However, these measures have not paid off yet in a tangible way.
The ongoing battle of Kobane, where fighters from the People’s Protection Units close to the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) in Turkey are defending the city against ISIS militants, provides a valuable lesson in this regard.
These fighters, despite their modest weapons capabilities compared with ISIS’ heavy weaponry, relied on snipers and small and mobile fidayeen units. They have heroically persevered so far and have inflicted heavy losses on their enemy which has disappointed those who have counted on Kobane’s defeat, including US and Turkish generals claiming to “fight terrorism.” These fighters have, at minimum, delayed the sacking of their city and they might be able to prevent it altogether if they are armed well and provided with effective air cover.
Recognizing ISIS’ strengths
Since we are discussing ISIS’ combat performance and war strategy, let us consider their areas of strength as observed by Hisham al-Hashimi, an Iraqi scholar who is well-versed in the affairs of salafi jihadi groups. His writings explain the vast difference between the media image of ISIS and its allies created by Iraqi security, media and political officials and the reality on the ground. This discrepancy between the reality and the fabricated image is a disservice to those designing a sound military strategy aimed at defeating this enemy. He who does not know his enemy well and provides a false image of him to his people and his army will not be able to win. As the old saying goes, you have to know your enemies in order to defeat them.

[There is a] vast difference between the media image of ISIS and its allies created by Iraqi security, media and political officials and the reality on the ground.

 Let us briefly review what we think is the most important part of Hashimi’s observations.
Hashimi notes that ISIS has a specialized military leadership council that plans, oversees and leads military operations. Other sources say that most members of this council were officers in the army under the former Iraqi regime who have a lot of experience including the group’s caliphate, Ibrahim Awwad al-Samarrai or Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi – who was an officer in the army – and his four senior aids. Hashimi also underscores the strength and skill of the group’s intelligence and security agency which no hostile agency has been able to penetrate or obstruct. According to specialized sources, this military council consists of eight to 13 members, all of them Iraqi. It is led by four men who were senior officers under Saddam and headed by a former colonel whose nom de guerre is Hajji Bakr and who joined the group under its slain leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi.
Hashimi points out that the group’s leaders know the geography of the land they are fighting for very well. They use military deception and hit and run tactics, they create weak combat axes with a lot of media fanfare to distract from the next target and they use the element of surprise and the shock doctrine when waging an attack. We saw that in the battles to control Hit, Kabisa and al-Kilo 35 area on October 13 while the main secret target all along was the centers of Ramadi and Haditha.
Even though I agree with the essence of what Hashimi says, I have reservations about the claim that “they know the geography of land they are fighting over.” Even if that were true, its significance will still be in question for two reasons. One, ISIS’ enemies are also Iraqis fighting on their land and they know its geography well. Two, the majority of second-tier leaders and middle cadres in ISIS are foreigners and not Iraqis, so it is impossible for them to know the geography of the country more than its people.
We can also agree with what Justin Bronk, a research analyst in the military sciences program at the Royal United Services Institute in London, wrote. He rightly pointed to another ISIS military advantage.“A particular speciality is outflanking defensive positions and then mopping up defenders who attempt to retreat. The tactic is as much psychological as it is kinetic, and is greatly magnified by the horrendous and public brutality ISIS has systematically exhibited wherever it has gained control.
Even well-motivated and equipped troops are likely to contemplate tactical withdrawals if outflanked and in danger of being surrounded by an unknown number of fanatical mass murderers with apparently superior weaponry and tactics. Whereas in Mosul, the defenders are poorly motivated, even small ISIS attacks are capable of provoking mass panic and routs.”
This psychological warfare that Bronk is talking about, saw its worst expression in the despicable Speicher massacre committed by ISIS militants which tainted them and whoever defends them or justifies their crimes with eternal shame. However, some analysts, eyewitnesses from the area and controversial MP Mishaan al-Jabouri accused supporters of Saddam Hussein’s regime and relatives of a number of his officials who were executed of carrying out this massacre while falsely raising ISIS flags. Names and pictures of these people killing unarmed prisoners have been published. More than 1,700 soldiers and prisoner students at the air force college were killed in this massacre.
ISIS’ bloody and immoral tactic of killing prisoners prompted some military units not to withdraw even when withdrawal was the right decision and was necessary, only to be encircled and later stormed by the enemy. This is what happened in Saqlawiyah and Sajar camps in Anbar province resulting in a catastrophe and human losses. The Iraqi leadership bears responsibility for these losses and for failing to avoid them.

[T]he deciding factor in Kobane’s perseverance … is not the air strikes by the international coalition but the strength, courage and flexibility of the heroic Kurdish resistance’s tactics on the ground and their willingness to sacrifice.

ISIS’ strategy, however, failed in the battle of Ain al-Arab/Kobane against Kurdish Syrian fighters. Even though the outcome of the battle has not been decided yet, the steadfastness of those defending the city this entire time is a huge military victory for them. Bronk continues: “Kobane is an unusual operation for ISIS fighters in some respects, … Despite having surrounded Kobane and conducting aggressive and apparently well-coordinated infiltration attempts from multiple approaches, the sort of street-to-street “meat grinder” that Kobane has become does not play to ISIS’s strengths.

Against an enemy with nowhere to retreat to and air support, a numerically limited force such as ISIS that normally relies as much on psychological effects as firepower to take ground faces a tough challenge. This is just as well since on the ground, it is only the bravery of lightly armed Kurdish fighters standing between ISIS and control of the town. Airstrikes are essential but could not keep ISIS out of the town alone.”
In other words, the deciding factor in Kobane’s perseverance, as Bronk argues and we agree with him wholeheartedly, is not the air strikes by the international coalition but the strength, courage and flexibility of the heroic Kurdish resistance’s tactics on the ground and their willingness to sacrifice. That is how they defeated the ISIS myth and tangibly proved that it is not a legend but just a myth that can easily be disproved and defeated.
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Iran’s Deputy FM Warns against West’s Plots for Syria in Kobani

 Posted on October 31, 2014 by 

Editorial Comment:

Today’s statement confirms the alliance between the YPG-YPJ defense forces and the FSA, which effectively reduces their status to that of  a Turkish-US-NATO counter-revolutionary proxy army that will serve imperialist interests in the region.

An earlier article I published stated:

“The reason why the Kurds of Kobani are to be sacrificed stems from the fact that they are the wrong kind of Kurds. Masoud Barzani and the bourgeois Kurds of the Kurdish Democratic Party (KDP) are the “good Kurds” and the predominant force among the Kurds of Iraq. Their control of almost 45% of Iraqi oil reserves and the booming business that they have been involved in with U.S. oil companies and Israel since their ‘liberation’ with the U.S. invasion makes them a valued asset for the U.S. The same goes for Turkey where despite the historic oppression of Kurds in Turkey, the government does a robust business with the Kurds of Iraq.” (While Da’ash Moves to Slaughter the Kurdish People of Kobanê, the US Bombs Syrian Grain Silos)

Also see:

Da’ash and the Turkish-American Plot to Destroy the Kurdish Revolutionary Experiment in Direct Democracy

That the YPG-YPJ may have been effectively infiltrated,  renders them vulnerable to defeat.

One can hope that this tragic turn of events will be reversed and that they can resurrect the dream that inspired the world.  Their fate rests largely upon the members of the Kurdish Women’s Movement.

Stateless Democracy: How the Kurdish Women’s Movement Liberated Democracy from the State

There are promising reports from Syrian sources today:

TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Hossein Amir Abdollahian lashed out at the western countries and their regional allies for interfering in Syria’s internal affairs, and said helping the Kurdish people of besieged Kobani city should not be used by the West as a pretext for further foreign intervention in the Muslim Arab country.

“Helping the people in the Syrian Kurdish town of Kobani should not be used as an excuse for foreign intervention in the Arab country,” Amir Abdollahian said on Thursday.

He warned against the excessive foreign interferences in Syria, and said, “Those who pursue specific goals are pushing Syria towards disintegration.”

The Iranian deputy foreign minister reiterated that protecting Syria’s territorial integrity and national unity will be in the interest of the Syrian people and all regional countries.

Amir Abdollahian, meantime, criticized the US for its destructive policies which have resulted in the escalation of terrorism and foreign interventions in the Middle East on the pretext of fighting the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) terrorist group.

According to reports, the intense fighting for the strategic town has also forced over 200,000 people to take refuge in neighboring Turkey.

Kobani, Syria’s largest Kurdish city, has seen intense battles over the past tow months as ISIL terrorists are trying to seize the city due to its strategic location.

Earlier this month, Iran’s Chief of Staff Major General Hassan Firouzabadi said the ISIL attack on Kobani is only a plot to provide an excuse for the US-led coalition to start a military build-up in Syria.

“You can smell conspiracy in the air as it seems that they want to victimize the Kobani people to pave the ground for the presence of the coalition’s military presence in Syria,” Firouzabadi said.

“We are truly worried about this massacre and believe that it is a catastrophic crime in mankind history,” he said.

He also smashed the US-led coalition for its selective airstrikes on ISIL-occupied territories which, he said, will further accelerate the ISIL’s operational advances.

Firouzabadi described the ISIL as a mercenary of the regional nations’ enemies, and said all Muslims and peace-seeking people across the world should protest at this situation and keep vigilant against the theatrical moves of the so-called anti-ISIL coalition.

“If the oppressed people of Kobani are assisted, God willing, they will be able to push back the ISIL from Kobani,” he added.

US-Led Anti-ISIL Coalition Doomed to Failure

TEHRAN (FNA)- Tehran’s Provisional Friday Prayers Leader Hojjatoleslam Kazzem Seddiqi said the so-called international coalition against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) is in pursuit of suspicious goals which, he said, will not materialize.

Addressing a large and fervent congregation of the people on Tehran University campus on Friday, Hojjatoleslam Seddiqi said, “This coalition does not pursue benevolent intentions and its members are merely interfering in internal affairs of Syria and Iraq which is doomed to fail soon.”

Last week, Judiciary Chief Sadeq Amoli Larijani underlined that the US and the European countries are behind the wave of Takfiri terrorism in the region in a move to contain Islamic awakening and defame Islam.

“The killing of innocent people and other acts committed by this group have nothing to do with the Shiism and Sunnism; in fact it is one of the colonial policies of the US and the European countries who want to taint the image of Islam by introducing ISIL as Islam,” Amoli Larijani said in a meeting with Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi in Tehran on October 22.

He reiterated that terrorists do not pose a threat just to Iraq, “rather the world powers have more programs to make the Middle East region insecure”.

Amoli Larijani pointed to Iran’s support for Iraq in its fight against the terrorists, and said, “Iran will continue its strong moral and material support for Iraq and Iran’s record in supporting Iraq after the fall of Saddam Hussein clearly indicates this.”

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YPG – YPJ Command Statement, 10.30.14

Posted on October 30, 2014 by Alexandra Valiente


Editorial Comment:

If it is true as the final report here states, that the YPJ-YPG have agreed to align with the counter-revolutionary FSA to “defeat ISIL” in Kobane, there will be no further reports regarding their efforts published on this website. There is no difference between the FSA, al Qaeda, al Nusra and ISIL.  What the globalists have failed to do through all other means they may be attempting to accomplish in Syria by transforming a revolutionary movement with tremendous potential into an imperial proxy army.  Should this occur, there will be no future for this movement in Syria or the Kurdish people’s promising experiment in stateless democracy. The YPJ-YPG would then be defeated from within, but will not take Syria down in the process.

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Press Release 10/30/2014
@DefenseUnitsYPJ @Rojekazad @polatcano
Our forces destroyed 3 vehicles and damaged another one yesterday near the Jaz’ah region. @DefenseUnitsYPJ Oct. 30
Our troops managed to destroy a bus used to transport the terrorists in West Serêkaniyê (Ras al-Ayn) @DefenseUnitsYPJ Oct. 30
Our forces damaged an vehicle last night in an operation targeting the terrorists positioned near Tel Hamis. @DefenseUnitsYPJ Oct. 30

86 gang members killed in Kobanê

YPG (People’s Protection Units) Press Centre has reported in a written statement that attacks by the ISIS gangs to occupy Kobanê continued on the 45th day. A total of 86 gang members were killed in the last 24 hours of violent clashes.The statement pointed out that ISIS gangs were launching large-scale attacks after bringing more reinforcements and heavy weapons from Raqqa, Minbic, Jarablus and Gire Spî (Tal Abyad), and that all the attacks of the gangs were repulsed as they were inflicted major blows.YPG Press Centre stated that on the eastern front, hand-to-hand fighting between YPG forces and ISIS gangs continued along the day and night in the Kaniya Kurda neighbourhood, Municipality Streeet and Azadî Square. Figures as to the casualties couldn’t be made certain yet as clashes in the region are continuing, YPG said, adding that gangs were inflicted a severe blow and 18 members of theirs were ascertained killed in the fighting on the eastern front.On the southern front -the statement said- ISIS gangs launched a major offensive which was harshly responded by YPG forces. A total of 54 members of the gangs were killed in the fighting still going on in this region.

The statement said YPG forces also carried out assaults on the gangs deployed around Kobanê, adding; “1 taxi belonging to the gangs was destroyed, and 4 militants inside killed, in an assault which targeted the gang groups deployed around the village of Helinc to the southeast of Kobanê. 3 other members of the gangs were killed after YPG fighters destroyed a vehicle of theirs near the Izea village on the western front of the town. Another assault by YPG forces targeted 2 vehicles near the village of Minaze, again to the south of Kobanê, leaving at least 7 gang members killed.”

YPG Press Centre added that 16 fighters of the YPG have fallen whilst putting up a brave resistance in the last one day of violent clashes with the gangs.

Clashes getting heavier in Kobanê

Fighting between YPG/YPJ forces and ISIS gangs in Kobanê town of West Kurdistan, Rojava, has got heavier as of Wednesday evening.According to the reports coming through, ISIS gangs have launched a new wave of intensified attacks on the Mürşitpınar border crossing between Kobanê and Pirsus [Suruç] in the evening hours.YPG-YPJ guerrillas are fiercely responding to the rocket, mortar and heavy weaponry attacks of ISIS gangs. Explosions are also being heard from the scene of clashes.YPG sources have reported that a number of ISIS members have been killed in the fighting.

As clashes intensified, an ISIS position near the border gate has been hit by coalition airrcraft late in the evening. Clashes which discontinued for a while after the aerial bombardment restarted later and are still continuing.

Fighting between Protection Units and ISIS gangs has also intensified at the eastern frontline.

In the meantime, peshmerga forces from South Kurdistan haven’t crossed into Kobanê yet. Uncertainity continues as to the time of their entrance into the town under attack by ISIS gangs.

Over 20 ISIS members killed in Sinjar

HPG (People’s Defense Forces) Sinjar Command has released a statement giving information about the intensifying clashes with ISIS gangs around the village of Solak in Sinjar town of South Kurdistan.The statement said HPG guerrillas and YBS (Sinjar Resistance Units) fighters have launched an expansive operation in memory of their comrades fallen fighting in Sinjar. Patriotic circles including tribes, who have no relations with any political groups, are also taking part in the offensive which has been launched in response to the intensified attacks of ISIS gangs in the Solak village region.HPG Sinjar Command stated that an attack was carried out against gangs heading from Solak region to the mountainside Tuesday evening. 7 gang members were killed in the attack which was launched from two directions.According to the statement, 7 members of the gangs were killed and 10 others wounded in another action by Kurdish forces targeting a position and heavy weapon-laden vehicle of the gangs.

HPG said 1 ISIS member was killed in a suicide attack in Solak village Wednesday morning.

The statement remarked that HPG-YBS forces also launched an offensive against the gangs deployed near the Nerka mountain to the east of Solak village this morning. The mountain was entirely cleansed of gangs and taken under control by guerrillas as result of the offensive during which over 10 gang members were killed and many others wounded.

Kurdish forces have also seized large quantities of ammunition belonging to ISIS gangs during the actions and operations of recent days.

HPG Sinjar Command vowed to continue the resistance until Sinjar is liberated and called on everyone to join the ranks of the HPG and YBS in order to complement the fighting and struggle against gangs in Sinjar.

Peshmerga delegation back from Kobanê to Suruç

A delegation of 10 peshmerga fighters who have crossed into Kobanê early Thursday have turned back to Suruç in the evening.Following day-long talks with YPG/YPJ [People’s/Women’s Protection Units] commanders regarding the crossing of their forces and heavy weapons into the town, the delegation has turned back to the Çukobirlik site near the Mürşitpınar border crossing, where 150 peshmerga fighters are still being kept waiting since their arrival yesterday.Turkish military and police forces have in the meantime taken intense measures in the area where the peshmerga units are kept waiting.

Asya Abdullah: There will be coordinated work in Kobanê

PYD Co-President Asya Abdullah, commenting on the peshmerga and FSA forces arriving in Kobanê for the IMC main news bulletin, said: “Up to now the resistance in Kobanê has changed many things for both the YPG/YPJ and the Free Syria Army (FSA). ISIS has suffered significant blows at the hands of the resistance and this new assistance will change the equilibrium further.”  Abdullah added that the peshmerga and FSA groups coming to Kobanê would operate in a coordinated way under the command of the YPG.Answering a question regarding the arrival of peshmerga and FSA forces, the PYD Co-President said they would help to further bolster the resistance against ISIS. She said that the YPG and the FSA had made an alliance previously, and that the Burkan Al Firat forces affiliated to the FSA had been involved in the resistance, adding: “they have also lost fighters in battle”. She said the YPG had assessed a request from the FSA a few days ago, after which the groups had come to Kobanê.Asya Abdullah said the groups would act in a coordinated way, adding: “they will be under the command of the YPG, but the YPG and FSA carry out joint work in Kobanê, therefore work will be coordinated.”

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ISIS – an Anti-Shia Political Tool

28.10.2014 Author: Petr Lvov


In recent days, the Iraqi army has successfully executed a number of strikes against ISIS. Most importantly, Iraqi regular troops have managed to push the Sunni Islamists back from Baghdad, clearing the International Airport and western suburbs near the Abu Ghraib prison. In retaliation the Islamists carried out terrorist attacks in Baghdad that resulted in dozens of civilian deathsYet, it’s safe so say that the situation in Iraq has generally stabilized.

The intense battles are reported in the Syrian city of Kobani, near the borders of Iraq and Turkey. Ankara has finally allowed Iraqi Kurdish Peshmerga to cross the Turkish border in order to help Syrian Kurds. Simultaneously, the US and coalition carry on with air strikes against the positions of the Islamic State’s militants with missiles and bombs, even though these strikes are not particularly effective. Some of the US airdrops that were intended for the defenders of Kobani even ended up in the hands of terrorists.

Pentagon Press Secretary Rear Adm. John Kirby stated that analysts at Central Command and at the Pentagon would be studying the video that was aired on national television, showing militants unpacking one of the US bundles which may serve as confirmation of this fact. In this video, a masked  man dressed in camouflage examines the boxes on the ground with parachutes still attached to them. The boxes are filled with different kinds of ammunition, including grenades and mines. According to Kirby, the Islamists got their hands on the USAF small arms and ammunition supply. The Pentagon stated that they knethat a single bundle ended at the Islamic State territory, but assured journalists that it was subsequently destroyed by an air strike.” However, some experts are convinced that Washington did this on purpose, to strengthen ISIS units which may facilitate their efforts in repelling the Kurdish offensive. The White House is attempting to prolong the tension in the region, otherwise it will have no pretext to bomb Syria.

At the same time, the Iraqi regular troops can hardly be labeled as combat-capable. They are stuck in a state of continuous moral decay. The greatest efforts to repel ISIS militants are made by armed Shiite militias created by the former Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki in June to defend Baghdad from approaching Islamists. Moreover, reports are stating that these Shiite fighters are prepared to launch strikes against IS troops in a number of districts to the north and northeast of the capital in the provinces of Al-Anbar, Diyala, Salaheddin. Therefore, it is possible that Iraqi pro-government forces will be able to eliminate ISIS units in the central and northern Iraq single-handedly.

The most curious fact in this story is that all the prominent Shia leaders in the Middle East perceive the US “anti-terrorist” coalition as the main threat to Baghdad, not the IS militants themselves. It’s also worth mentioning that this very coalition was created after the military success of Shia militia units in mid-September that had managed to knock the Islamists out of two cities in northern Iraq, Amerli and Tal Afar. As a result, for the first time all pro-Iraqi military units, such as Badr Brigade, Asaib Ahl Al-Haq and Hezbollah, joined their efforts against a single enemy… At that time, they could even recapture Mosul as ISIS units were approaching the capital and the province of Al-Anbar, but the Iraqi government refused to initiate this operation for unknown reasons. Apparently, at that point in time Washington realized that the united Shia units had become the dominant force in Iraq yet again, and that they were capable of defeating ISIS, especially with Iran’s assistance.

This fact accelerated US efforts to create a coalition, which included the Sunni monarchies of Saudi Arabia and Jordan. Hence the US coalition is created to deter Shiites, so it couldn’t care less about fighting ISIS. Once again, this demonstrates the prevalence of anti-Shia sentiments in Washington. And the pressure the United States is trying to apply to Iran during negotiations over its nuclear program can only serve as yet more proof.

In addition, the coalition allows Washington to “directly control” the action of ISIS, for example, in preventing the Islamists from attacking the positions of the pro-Western and pro-Israeli Iraqi Kurdish leader Masoud Barzani. At the same time NATO countries began to supply him with large shipments of small arms. Hence the ISIS militants are only fighting Syrian Kurds which have not given up their support of Bashar Assad, leaving Barzani to witness the massacre.

It is becoming increasingly clear that ISIS and its offensive in Iraq and Syria is nothing more than a product of the United States and Israel, who strongly oppose the growing influence of the Shia in the region. Simultaneously, ISIS is used to initiate the collapse of Syria and Iraq, which will serve in the best interests of the US, the Jewish State and the Sunni monarchies of Arabia. 

Once the the Shiites are weakened in the Arab countries this will inevitably lead to a weakening of Iran’s sphere of influence in the Middle East, derailing the plan to create a “Shiite arc” as opposed to a “Sunni crescent” in the region. According to a number of sources, Riyadh is generously paying for the implementation of an “Islamic State project“. So one must agree with the experts, including Americans, that are confident that ISIS has been created to force Iran into  submission. Saudi Arabia is also willing to cover the costs of the air strikes carried out by the United States and its allies. Moreover, these costs are partly forced on Iraq — since this state has an official account at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York on the basis of an agreement on joint defense signed by Nouri al-Maliki.

The Shiite leaders in Iraq fear that the US will deploy its troops in the region. So far, the Shiites are putting up with the existence of the US-Iraq military committee, which is formed by a number of Iraqi officials and several hundred American military advisers. It is possible that, if the United States is going to try to increase its military presence, the Shiite militia will start an armed revolt. Shiites do not want the re-occupation of Iraq.

Meanwhile, according to the secret agreements on defense between Iraq, the United States and Great Britain that were signed on September 11, 2011, Anglo-American troops can be sent to Iraq simply with the consent of Baghdad.

In any scenario, now the threat of the disintegration of Iraq has significantly decreased, although the federalization of the country into three enclaves – Shiite, Sunni and Kurdish — is still possible. Much will depend on how quickly the government in Baghdad is be able to restore its military might and deliver a decisive blow against ISIS.

Peter Lvov, Ph.D in political science, exclusively for the online magazine “New Eastern Outlook”.

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