معادلات الصراع والتفاوض بين طهران وواشنطن

يونيو 3, 2019

ناصر قنديل

– التسوية صعبة بين أميركا وإيران إلى حد الاستحالة، ليس بسبب السقوف العالية للخطابات المتبادلة، أو الشروط المتقابلة، بل لأن القضايا الحقيقيّة للصراع يصعب إيجاد تسويات فيها تمنح الفريقين المتقابلين صفة رابح ورابح، وفي قلب هذه القضايا مستقبل «إسرائيل» وأمنها، وقد بلغ المأزق الذي تعيشه «إسرائيل» مدىً يجعلها عاجزة عن تحمل تبعات أي تسوية بالمطلق تضم طهران وواشنطن لا تلتزم فيها إيران بوقف دعمها لحركات المقاومة، وتمنح «إسرائيل» عناصر أمن واطمئنان تفتقدها، وهو ما قصده وزير خارجية عمان بعد لقائه برئيس حكومة الاحتلال بأن «إسرائيل» تحتاج أن نطمئنها إلى أمنها ومستقبلها. والقصد بالـ «نحن» ليس حكام الخليج، بل طهران، وفي هذا الشأن المسألة أكبر من التسوية مع إيران فقوى المقاومة في المنطقة نمت وكبرت وتعاظمت قدراتها وثقتها بنفسها وباتت تفرض معادلات قوة وردع يصعب بل يستحيل كسرها. وبنسبة لا تقل عن «إسرائيل» يعاني حكام الخليج من تداعيات سقوط مهابتهم أمام قوى محلية يتقدمها أنصار الله في اليمن، في معادلة تتصاعد وتكبر ويصعب فيها التراجع إلى الخلف.

– الحرب بالمقابل بين أميركا وإيران أكثر من صعبة بل هي مستحيلة، لأن القدرة الأميركية على إلحاق الأذى بإيران لا نقاش فيها، وبالمقابل القدرة التي تمتلكها إيران وقوى المقاومة على إلحاق الأذى بالقوات والمصالح الأميركية في المنطقة، وبـ«إسرائيل» وبدول الخليج أكبر من قدرة واشنطن وحلفائها في الخليج و«إسرائيل» على التحمل، ونتائج الحرب انفجار مؤشرات أسعار النفط، وإقفال الأبواب أمام إمكانية قطاف سياسي للحرب، التي تعلن إيران أنها لا تسعى إليها، وباتت واشنطن تعلم أن شروط خوضها غير متاحة، ويصعب توفيرها، سواء بحجم ما تحتاج من قوى عسكرية وقدرات مالية وتحضيرات لوجستية وسياسية، وزمن وخريطة طريق، وضمان عدم التوسّع والإصابة القاتلة من الضربة الأولى، ومنع استيلاد إيران لأول قنبلة نووية في ظل الحرب، ولذلك يتصدر المشهد بعد أول اختبار لأمن النفط، التمهيد للتراجع عن التهديد.

– بالتوازي فإن الحدّ الأدنى لأي تفاهم تقدر واشنطن على المجاهرة به، ولو لم يتضمّن ما يفيد «إسرائيل» وحكومات الخليج، يتّصل بالتفاهم النووي والبرنامج الصاروخي الإيراني، وهما أمران لا تستطيع إيران التراجع فيهما، لأن القبول بإعادة وضع التفاهم النووي على الطاولة يعني الاستعداد لإلغاء التفاهم الجديد من أي رئيس جديد للتفاوض من جديد على تفاهم جديد جديد، وتمسك إيران بالتفاهم سقفاً يعني سواها من دول كبرى وقعت على التفاهم ولا يسعها القبول برسالة واشنطن التي تقول إن لا قيمة لأي قوة في العالم ولا أي توقيع ولا أي قرار، وأن الرئيس الأميركي إمبراطور العالم الجديد يملك بشطحة قلمه العريض أن يحلّ مجلس الأمن والدول الدائمة العضوية، ويجعل القرارات الدولية أقل من قيمة الحبر الذي وقعت فيه، والقبول بوضع البرنامج الصاروخي الإيراني على طاولة التفاوض يعني أن إيران ستتقبل التفاوض والتفتيش على منشآتها العسكرية كأمر واقع يلغي كل قيمة لقدراتها العسكرية ومكانتها ومهابتها وصفتها الرادعة.

– بالمقابل لا تستطيع واشنطن العودة للتفاهم النووي كما كان واعتباره إطاراً صالحاً للتفاوض، من ضمن صيغة الخمسة زائداً واحداً، التي أنتجته، كما لا تستطيع واشنطن التراجع عن العقوبات تمهيداً للتفاوض. وهذه شروط الحد الأدنى التي يمكن لإيران قبولها، لذلك تتمّ الوساطات الجدية بكل جدية لمنع التصعيد أكثر مما تأمل هذه الوساطات فتح قنوات التفاوض للتمهيد للتفاهم، والتفاوض غير المباشر الذي تقوم به سويسرا واليابان، ويمكن أن تنضم إليهما روسيا، هو تمهيد لربط النزاع وليس لصناعة الاتفاقات، وبناء عليه وضع صيغة آمنة للتساكن تحت سقف النزاع، ووضع قواعد اشتباك سياسية ومالية وعسكرية تظلل هذا التساكن الطويل، ربما حتى نهاية ولاية الرئيس الأميركي العام المقبل، بل ربما حتى نهاية عمر التفاهم النووي العام 2025، وربط النزاع وقواعد الاشتباك لا بد أن تتضمنا تفاهمات تتصل بتدفق النفط والحد المقبول من الضغط لتطبيق العقوبات، ومحاولات تسويات في اليمن وفي سورية، على قاعدة اعتماد التغاضي حيث يصعب الحصول على التراضي.

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Former French Diplomat: Israeli Leaders Want Washington to Engage on Their Behalf in a “Proxy” Military Adventure Against Iran

ST

Created on Friday, 24 May 2019 20:52

(ST)– As a businessman lost in a foreign land, Trump doesn’t care about the art of diplomacy and is unable to have any empathy with the aspirations and feelings of other countries, according to the former French diplomat Prof. Michel Raimbaud, who believes that the “unpredictable President” proved to have adopted as a guideline number one at least for the beginning of his mandate “to destroy everything that Obama was proud of” and considered to be the bulk of his work, externally as well as internally, including the lessening of the conflict with Iran.

The veteran diplomat told the Syria Times e-newspaper: “Any state is good if buying American arms, and bad if refusing to do so or resisting the pressures or the interests of Washington. On this basis, Iran, deeply involved in the Syrian conflict and supporting the legal government along with the Hezbollah, is a Devil belonging to the Axe of Resistance, and having a “strategic” partnership with Russia.

Last but not least, Iran is of course perceived in the States as being a pitiless enemy of Israel.”

 

He pointed out that all the reports by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) do certify that Teheran has perfectly complied with the obligations imposed by the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA).

A crazy story

Nevertheless, Trump’s administration decided on the 8th of May 2019 to withdraw from the Treaty and impose drastic economic sanctions on Iran, accused of developing a ballistic and atomic Program, under the pretext that the Islamic Republic itself had withdrawn (in retaliation).

“For a couple of weeks, America repeatedly threatened to come to War and managed to escalate the political and military tensions in the region. Let’s read to Trump’s tweets or listen to statements by high-ranking US officials (National Security Advisor John Bolton and State Secretary Mark Pompeo to begin with)…There is no doubt that America poses a threat to Iran and to the region at large, and not vice versa,” Prof. Raimbaud said.

He went on to say: “Trump now declares that he wants to negotiate with Iran, expecting the phone call from the Iranian leadership begging for negotiation. That’s a crazy story, but also a perfect illustration of the Nixon/Kissinger “Madman theory” which inspires – as I have noted very often – the neoconservative power in Washington in its comprehensive policy all over the planet and more specifically in the Arab and Muslim World (America must project abroad the impression that a part of its leadership consists of mad and unpredictable persons, in order to frighten and terrorize the enemies).”

He indicated that a single glance at the map of the Middle East provides the answer to the following question: “Does Iran pose a threat to the United States?”

“The Iranian Territory is physically surrounded and besieged by a dense and tight network of US bases, located in neighboring countries (including Turkey, a NATO member). And we must refer to the omnipresence of Israel in the region, as the real “Beating Heart” of the United States.”

“On the other side of the Atlantic Ocean, thousands and thousands of miles away from the Middle East, have a look at the American borders or anywhere on the “new Continent  and you will search in vain to discover any trace of Iranian military presence.”

The professor, in addition, affirmed that the U.S. is responsible for the tensions and the danger of Global War for the time being.

“For the many “experts” who pretend to have some doubts about the real responsibility in the tensions and the danger of Global War for the time being, in the Middle East and elsewhere, I will recall that at least one gross third, if not fifty per cent, of the military expenses in the World, must be attributed to the United States of America,” he stated.

The diplomat added: “All the strategy supporters and blind allies of America should be conscious of this reality, but I am sure that they are…It is the case for Gulf monarchies and…. of course, Israel.”

He made it clear that the relationship between Iran and America until the Fall of the Shah could be qualified as “a strategic partnership against communism”, but the situation was radically disrupted with the advent of the Islamic Revolution in 1979 and the assault on the American Embassy in Teheran. Since then, the atmosphere between the two countries has remained very stormy and disturbed for the last forty years.

“In this context, the signing of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) in July 2015, commonly known as the “Nuclear Treaty” between Teheran and the Six (US, UK, Germany, France, Russia and China) had slackened the tensions with the western Partners, this appeasement being searched by Obama for ambiguous reasons. The election of Donald Trump after a campaign very aggressive against Iran marked the re-starting-point of the ongoing wave of American hostility,” Prof. Raimbaud stressed.

He referred to the fact that Trump quickly understood that he wouldn’t be in a position to govern without integrating into his staff eminent representatives of the neoconservative “Deep State”, such as John Bolton…, in spite of their frank opposition to his electoral promises or commitments.

In a response to a question about the reason behind Israel’s silence amid growing US-Iran tensions, the diplomat said: “The Israeli government (all the more with Netanyahu) used to have and has got until today many obsessions with all the neighbors, that are considered as potential enemies, beginning with Syria and Hezbollah and Iran. It is well known that the Israeli leaders are dreaming of triggering a War against Iran, one of the countries which feed their nightmare. Having succeeded to make some friends in the Gulf on the basis of a common obsession on an “Iranian danger”, they have done everything and exerted any kind of pressure and blackmail on Washington to engage on their behalf in a “proxy” military adventure against Iran. That’s what is at stake for the time being.”

He concluded by saying: “Right now onwards, why would Israel find it necessary to say something when the tension has reached its upper degree. Why to water your flowers when it is pouring down….?”

US wants to control all the oil in the world

In this context, the International criminal lawyer Christopher C. Black told us that Israel stays quiet because the US orders it to be quiet.

“The US wants to control all the oil in the world if it can and also it wants to control Iran because it brings them closer to encircling Russia,” he said.

Iran does prose a possible threat to US military in the Gulf region.

The Syrian American journalist Steven Sahiounie replied to our question about Israel’s silence by saying: “the Israeli occupation is quiet because they want to appear not involved, but in fact it was Israeli occupation who sent the photos to the US which claimed to show missiles on small boats for Iran.  When all the media wanted to see the photos, the US quickly said new photos showed the missiles were returned.  The US military could not afford to prove that their intelligence is coming from Israel, when everyone knows that Israel is capable of fabrications in order to promote war against Iran.  Israel has to be silent and maintain a low profile.”

He underscored that Iran does prose a possible threat to US military in the Gulf region.

“There is no indication that Iran would attack the US assets, unless Iran was attacked first.  Iran does not want war, but they want sanctions relief, and they know an attack will not help them, in fact it would harm them, so there is no incentive to attack,” the journalist concluded.

Interviewed by: Basma Qaddour

Iran Quadruples Production of 3.67% Enriched Uranium

By Staff, Agencies 

Iran announced on Monday that it has quadrupled the low level uranium enrichment.

Spokesman of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran [AEOI] Behrouz Kamalvandi quoted the director of Natanz uranium enrichment facility, stating that the decision was made by the country’s Supreme National Security Council [SNSC].

“Iran has increased production of 3.67 enriched uranium by fourfold from today,” he announced.

Kamalvandi at the same time noted that the issue “does not mean an increase in enrichment level or a boost in the number of centrifuge machines or a change in the type of centrifuges”.

He said Iran has quadrupled the rate of the 3.67 enriched uranium only by utilizing the existing production capacity.

The spokesman also noted that the Islamic Republic of Iran has informed the International Atomic Energy Organization [IAEA] about the development.

He further stated that the country can easily achieve 190 thousand of SWUs capacity, adding that the move was a message to other parties to the nuclear deal, also known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action [JCPOA].

So, they had better carry out the necessary measures already asked by Iran [SNSC] as soon as possible, he added.

“We will reach the cap of 300 kilograms within few weeks. Our technical requirements and orders by senior officials will determine our next measures.”

He said Iran stops selling any enriched uranium above the 300-kg limit in exchange for yellow cake and also stops selling its heavy water above the limit of 130 tons.

The president also announced that the JCPOA parties will have 60 days to come to the negotiating table and fulfill Iran’s main interests under the nuclear deal, especially regarding oil sales and banking interaction.

If Iran does not achieve the desired results after 60 days, it will take two more measures and stop observing the limit on uranium enrichment to 3.67 percent purity, he added.

Iran looks East amid US trials and tribulations

February 12, 2019

Iran looks East amid US trials and tribulations

by Pepe Escobar (cross-posted with the Asia Times by special agreement with the author)

February 12, 2019

On the 40th anniversary of the Islamic Revolution, this past Friday, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei made an effort to express Iran’s geopolitical stance in simple terms: ‘We have good relations with all nations in the world, we don’t want to break relations with any European nation’, and an explanation of the slogan ‘Death to America’.

The Ayatollah said ‘Death to America’ “means death to Trump, John Bolton and Mike Pompeo. It means death to American rulers. We have no problems with the American people.”

So, the slogan is indeed a metaphor – as in death to US foreign policy as conducted for much of the past four decades.

That includes, of course, the dismantling, by the Trump administration, of the nuclear deal with Iran, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan Of Action (JCPOA).

In a rash rebuke of the centrist government of President Hassan Rouhani and Foreign Minister Muhammad Javad Zarif – who negotiated the JCPOA with the Obama administration, as well as Russia, China, France, the UK and Germany – Khamenei stressed he would not have signed it. His legendary distrust of the US now seems more than vindicated.

Payment system

For the Europeans who signed the JCPOA, what’s left is trying to pick up the pieces. Enter Instex – the Instrument in Support of Trade Exchanges, a mechanism backed by the European Union, with its headquarters in Paris and run by a German banker, which in theory allows European banks and companies to keep trading with Iran without being fined, extra-territorially, by the US Department of Justice, or being totally excluded from the American market.

French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian called it “an important geopolitical gesture.” But a “gesture” may not be enough, especially because initially it just covers humanitarian goods sold to Iran, such as pharmaceuticals, food and medical supplies.

Tehran pays Instex, and Instex reimburses the food and pharma companies involved. Further on down the road, small and medium-sized European companies might also use Instex to trade with Iran without being slapped with US sanctions.

What’s crucial in the long run about Instex is that the mechanism bypasses the US dollar. So, it will be under immense scrutiny all across the Global South. Instex won’t replace the Swift payment system anytime soon, because the capitalization is set at only $1 billion. The thing is whether other heavyweights, such as Russia, China and Turkey, will start using Instex to bypass US dollars and sanctions, trading way beyond “humanitarian goods”.

Instex, although an embryonic response, shows how Brussels and major European capitals are exasperated by the Trump administration’s unilateralism. Diplomats have been saying on and off the record that nothing will prevent the Europeans from doing business with Iran, buying their energy, investing in their market, and bypassing the US dollar in the process.

This has the potential to offer some breathing space to President Rouhani. The latest internal polls reveal that 40 years after the Islamic Revolution, over 70% of Iranians of all social classes have zero trust in any negotiations involving the US government. And that even includes an increasing number of millennials, for whom the Islamic Revolution is just an echo of a distant past.

That may not be the exact sentiment in Teherangeles, California – the capital of the Iranian diaspora, which may number over half a million people worldwide, mostly upper-middle-class. But it does reflect the pulse of the nation.

PayMon, crypto alternative

Over and over again, the Rouhani administration must tackle an insurmountable contradiction. National pride, boosted by Iran recapturing its role as a major power in Southwest Asia, is always undermined by intimations of social despair, as in countless families surviving on less than $200 a month, under rampant inflation and suffering the effects of the non-stop fall of the rial, whatever the feel-good factors constantly exhorted by the government.

An Iranian girl holds a poster of the late founder of the Islamic Republic Ayatollah Khomeini on the 40th anniversary of his return from exile in Paris at his mausoleum in Tehran on February 1. Photo: AFP

Already in regard to Instex, there has been a backlash. Iran has been told it must join the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), a global body that seeks to combat money laundering and the financing of terrorism, and that it must compromise on its missile program, which it regards as non-negotiable. The chief of Iran’s judiciary, Ayatollah Sadeq Amoli Larijani, branded the two conditions set by the Europeans as “humiliating”.

And on the European front, there’s no evidence yet that small companies trust that the Instex payment system will make them immune to retaliatory action by the US.

Iranians though are opening other creative fronts. Four banks – Bank Melli, Bank Mellat, Parsian Bank and Bank Pasargad – have developed a gold-backed cryptocurrency named PayMon, and negotiations are already advanced with the Europeans as well as Russia, Switzerland and South Africa to expand PayMon trading. Iranian officials are adamant that blockchain will be crucial to improve the nation’s economy.

The Iranian move mirrors Venezuela’s action in launching its own oil-backed cryptocurrency, the petro, last October. But count on the Blocking Iran Illicit Finance Act to swing into overdrive in the US Congress.

Meanwhile, Russia and Iran have all but bypassed the US dollar in bilateral trade, using only ruble and rial and “in case of urgent need, the euro, if we have no other options”, according to the Russian Ambassador to Iran, Levan Dzhagaryan.

China, Russia, Iran and Turkey – the four key vectors of ongoing Eurasia integration – are investing in bypassing the US dollar on trade by any mechanism necessary. The Eurasia Economic Union (EAEU) is also working on a common system for “boosting economic sovereignty”, as defined by President Putin. It has free-trade agreements with an array of partners, including China and Iran.

Arab NATO roll-call

This is the background in the run-up towards what is essentially an anti-Iran conference convened by the Trump administration in Warsaw this Wednesday.

No one in Europe that really matters wants to be publicly associated with Iranian demonization. Federica Mogherini, the EU foreign policy chief, is not going. EU-wide businesses increasingly tell their puny political leaders that the way to go is Greater Eurasia – from Lisbon to Vladivostok, from Murmansk to Mumbai, with Tehran in between, and everything linked to the China-driven Belt and Road Initiative.

Poland is an exception. Ruled by hardcore nationalists, it has been lobbying for a permanent US military base, which President Andrzej Duda wants to call “Fort Trump”.

Unable to force France, the UK, Germany and Italy out of doing business with Iran, what’s left for Washington is to have Persian Gulf governors plus Israel assembled in the same room, pledging their efforts towards an ill-defined, anti-Iran Arab NATO.

What this will certainly accomplish inside Iran is to promote even more hardliners and “Principlists” who are lobbying for a return to former President Ahmadinejad’s “Look East” strategy.

Iran is already looking East – considering its top Asian energy clients and the close ties with the Belt and Road Initiative and the EAEU. Team Rouhani now knows, in realpolitik terms, they cannot trust the US; and the EU is an immensely problematic partner. The next major step would be for Iran to become a full member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. China wants it. And Russia wants it.

Venezuela looks to have been targeted for regime change essentially because it’s trying to bypass the US dollar on trade. That should not be a problem for Iran, which has been a target for regime change for decades.

محمد جواد ظريف… حائك السجاد وخيط الحرير

 

فبراير 12, 2019

ناصر قنديل

– أمضى وزير الخارجية الإيرانية محمد جواد ظريف، الذي يزور بيروت اليوم في مهمة دقيقة ومحسوبة في مفهوم ممارسة الدبلوماسية الإيرانية، السنوات العشر الأولى من عمر الثورة الإسلامية، 1978 -1988، في الولايات المتحدة الأميركية ينهل من معين جامعاتها، مجازاً فحائزاً على أول شهادة ماجستير في العلاقات الدولية 1981 ثم الثانية 1984، ثم شهادة الدكتوراه في القانون الدولي والسياسة 1988 تحت عنوان الدفاع الذاتي في القانون الدولي والسياسة. وهي الأطروحة التي تمثل روح وجوهر الدبلوماسية الإيرانية في عهد توليه وزارة الخارجية، عام 2013 بعد تحمله مسؤولية تمثيل إيران في الأمم المتحدة بين عامي 2002 و2007، وقبلها نائب وزير الخارجية لعشر سنوات من عام 1992 إلى عام 2002.

– ظهر اسم فيلسوف الدبلوماسية الإيرانية ومنظرها الأبرز، أول مرة في جولات المواجهة التي تخوضها إيران، وفقاً لفلسفة الدفاع الذاتي في القانون الدولي والسياسة، في الإيحاءات التي قدّمها لمعدّي تقرير بايكر هاملتون عام 2006، كسفير لإيران في الأمم المتحدة رغب صناع السياسة الأميركيون في لحظة الأزمة الكبرى، الاستماع إلى ملاحظاته حول عناصر فشل السياسة الأميركية في غزو العراق وأفغانستان، وسبل الخروج من المستنقع. فكانت بصمات ظريف حاضرة في توصيات اللجنة، التي قامت على الدعوة للاعتراف بحقائق التاريخ والجغرافيا، واعتماد سياسة الانخراط مع القوى الصاعدة، ومنها إيران، بدلاً من مواجهتها، والتخلي عن القوى التي تشيخ وتهرم وتصير أعباء لا يمكن حملها، كحال السياسات العدوانية الإسرائيلية التي يفسر التستر عليها وتوفير الحماية لها أبرز اسباب الكراهية في العالمين العربي والإسلامي للسياسات الأميركية، ومثلها حال السياسات السعودية والخليجية المتخلفة، والموجودة خارج السياسة بمفهومها العلمي والمعاصر.

– الظهور الأبرز لاسم ظريف وصعود نجمه كان مع المفاوضات التي قادها حول الملف النووي لبلاده بين عامي 2014 و2015 وزيراً للخارجية، والتي توّجها بضحكته المفرقعة من منصة شرفة تطل على كاميرات الصحافة والتلفزة، تحولت إلى علامة للنصر الإيراني، قطعت الطريق على كل محاولات التدبيج الإعلامي والبروباغندا الهادفة لتظهير إيران خاسرة من التفاهم النووي في إطار الحرب على معنويات الإيرانيين، وتوظيف التفاهم للعب في الداخل الإيراني. وجاءت الشهادات للمفاوض الإيراني، وللبراعة العلمية، والدبلوماسية، وما تخللها من نصب فخاخ وكمائن، وفتح أبواب ومخارج، وقطب مخفية، وسلاسة وهدوء، وانسجام في الألوان، لتعيد تذكير كتّاب الغرب الذين تناولوا شخصيته، بطباع وخصال حائك السجاد الإيراني، ليطلقوا صفة حائك السجاد، على ظريف التلميذ الذي تأسس فكره السياسي في مدرسة الدكتور علي شريعتي، المثير للجدل لدى الكثير من الإسلاميين، لكن الذي حظي بتقدير كبير لدى الإمام الخميني ومن بعده الإمام علي الخامنئي.

– إضافة للصبر واللعب مع الزمن والإتقان بلا كلل، يتميّز حائك السجاد بميزتين، الحرص على التناظر، وإتقان القطبة المخفية، وهما تشكلان معيار جودة نتاجه وحرفيته. ويستعمل الحائك المحترف خيط حرير ومخرزاً ناعماً لقطبته المخفية، وهي القطبة التي تصل بين خيطين في نسيج سجادته، لا يجب أن يتمكن أي خبير من كشف مكانها، ومن دون أن يؤدي تبديل الخيط إلى تغيير معادلة التناظر التي تشهد بها اللوحات التي ترسمها السجادة الإيرانية، بين مركزها والأطراف المتكررة النماذج اقتراباً من المركز. ومن يراقب الدبلوماسية الإيرانية، خصوصا في ظل رئاسة ظريف لهذه الدبلوماسية سيقع على الكثير من الأمثلة الحية على ثقافة حائك السجاد حامل الدكتوراه في الدفاع الذاتي في القانون الدولي والسياسة. وها هي قطبته المخفية في ربط خيطي، كلمة سيد المقاومة، وموقف إيران، تحضر في زيارته إلى بيروت، بمخرز ناعم وخيط حرير، تتناظر مع المواجهة التي تديرها الدبلوماسية ذاتها لإفشال مؤتمر وارسو، فتغيب أوروبا، بخيط حريري آخر حاك به مخرز ناعم آخر، قطبة مخفية أخرى في الآلية المالية مع أوروبا.

– يتحدث الغربيون عن ظريف كمحارب يلبس قفازات الحرير، لكن الأدب الشعبي الإيراني يتحدث عن خيط الحرير بيد حائك السجاد، بلغة أخرى، باعتباره سلاحه في مواجهة اللصوص، ويتخذونه مثلا للقدرة على الفوز ببرود وهدوء، فيقولون إن الفوز بالحرب هو كالقدرة على الذبح بخيط حرير.

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Enemies’ Iranophobia scheme used to sell arms to Mideast: Iran military chief

This undated photo shows Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff of the Iranian Armed Forces Major General Mohammad Baqeri.

This undated photo shows Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff of the Iranian Armed Forces Major General Mohammad Baqeri.

Sun Feb 10, 2019

Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff of the Iranian Armed Forces Major General Mohammad Baqeri says enemies of the Islamic Republic have intensified their effort to spread Iranophobia with the purpose of signing arms deals with countries in the Middle East.

Speaking to reporters on Sunday, Iran’s military chief added that the Islamic Republic has never had a covetous eye on any regional country over the past four decades, but has maintained advisory presence in regional countries that have been faced with terrorist attacks upon their request.

Iran’s top military commander then noted that the country has been offering advisory assistance to the Syrian and Iraqi governments in the face of Takfiri terrorists, saying, “We will continue our presence in these countries as long as they want and will leave them whenever they do not want. This is contrary to what Americans do, who stay [in regional countries] with force despite opposition of people in those countries and then accuse the Islamic Republic [of interference in other countries’ affairs].”

In an exclusive interview with Press TV in October, spokesman for Iran’s Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) said the Islamic Republic will keep its military advisory presence in Syria as long as Tehran finds it “effective and useful” and as long as the Arab country’s government demands.

Brigadier General Ramezan Sharif said the Islamic Republic has been supporting Syria in accordance with international regulations since the beginning of the crisis in the country.

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Elsewhere in his remarks, Baqeri pointed to recent statements by some European countries about Iran’s missile and defensive capabilities and emphasized, “The defense power of the Islamic Republic of Iran, including [its] missile might, is not negotiable at all.”

He added that instead of making remarks on Iran’s defense capabilities, Europeans should remove obstacles in the way of banking and economic exchanges with the Islamic Republic as a small part of their commitments under the landmark 2015 nuclear agreement, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), reached between Iran and the P5+1 group of countries.

“Europeans have a huge debt to the Iranian nation. Iran has fulfilled all its commitments under the JCPOA and this has been verified by international organizations, particularly the International Atomic Energy Agency,” Baqeri said, adding, “However, member states of the P5+1 group of countries, which were supposed to remove all banking and economic restrictions against Iran, failed to fulfill their commitment. The Americans have quit the JCPOA and other signatories [to the deal] are dawdling when it comes to fulfilling their commitments.

Iranian authorities have invariably asserted that the country’s missile program has not been established for unconventional purposes and is only meant as part of the country’s deterrence capability.

France’s Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian late last month made remarks against Iran’s missile program and its regional role, saying that his country was ready to impose new sanctions on Tehran if no progress was made in talks over its ballistic missile program.

“We have begun a difficult dialog with Iran… and unless progress is made, we are ready to apply sanctions, firmly, and they know it,” Le Drian said, demanding that Iran change its behavior in the region, particularly regarding its presence in Syria.

In reaction to the French foreign minister’s remarks, Iran’s Foreign Ministry Spokesman Bahram Qassemi said the Islamic Republic acts independently in adopting its defense policies and will never allow other countries to interfere in that regard.

Qassemi said, “As we have said time and again, we determine our own defense policies and will not allow others to interfere with such issues.”

Later on February 3, the senior spokesman of the Iranian Armed Forces once again reiterated Iran’s message of peace and friendship to the world, emphasizing that the country seeks no one’s permission to boost its defense capabilities.

“The Islamic Republic of Iran manufactures any equipment it requires to defend the country and will not ask for anybody’s permission in this regard,” Brigadier General Abolfazl Shekarchi told IRNA.

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Nutty Netanyahu Goes Off On One Again, Claims Iran Has Secret Nuclear Warehouse

Netanyahu Claims Iran Has Secret Nuclear Warehouse

Refuses to say if site would violate nuclear deal

Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu shows an atomic warehouse in Tehran during his address at the 73rd session of the United Nations General Assembly on Thursday.

Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu shows an atomic warehouse in Tehran during his address at the 73rd session of the United Nations General Assembly on Thursday.  (AP)

Jason Ditz

Speaking at the UN General Assembly, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu focused, as usual, on Iran, this time showing an aerial photograph he claimed showed a secret “atomic warehouse” in the Iranian capital of Tehran.

He provided no evidence, and details were scant. Netanyahu claimed the site may have contained as much as 15 kg in radioactive material at one point, and demanded the UN go there with Geiger counters. He also demanded the world in general do more against Iran.

Iranian officials were quick to reject the allegations, saying that no such facility exists. The IAEA has yet to say what they intend to do about the claim, which comes with no actual evidence. If anything, this is likely to raise more concerns that Israel is constantly keeping secrets from the international community about not just their own nuclear weapons program, but what they think that they know about others as well.

The P5+1 nuclear deal gives the IAEA virtually limitless access to Iranian sites, but the IAEA may be unwilling to go on a likely wild goose chase where, even in the event they find nothing, Israel will continue to castigate them for not being more hostile toward Iran.

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