Statement: “Death Of Palestinian Detainee Not Confirmed”

Source

 July 7, 2020 9:28 AM  Saed Bannoura

The Israeli Prison Service has not yet officially informed the Palestinians or the Red Cross of the death of a Palestinian detainee in prison, while the current information reveals that the detainee is likely clinically dead. However, despite various conflicting reports, many confirming the detainee’s death.

Former political prisoner, researcher and the head of the Studies and Documentation Committee of the Palestinian Commission of Detainees and Ex-Detainees, has informed the International Middle East Media Center (IMEMC) that the Israeli Prison Service has not informed to any party that the detainee, Sa’ad al-Gharabily, 75, has died, and only announced he is in a critical condition, or possibly clinically dead.

Ferwana added that his department is still awaiting an official confirmation about the detainee’s condition, and held Israel fully responsible for his life, especially amidst the lack of proper medical treatment to the detainees.

“We can only hope that al-Gharabily is alive, and we wish him a full recovery; we also hold Israel fully responsible for what happens to him,” Ferwana told the IMEMC, “All that we know, especially since Israel is not providing much information, is that the detainee is still alive, but in a very critical condition.”

It is worth mentioning that al-Gharabily is from the Gaza Strip, and was taken prisoner in the year 1994, before he was sentenced to life in prison after being convicted of participating in attacks against Israeli occupation targets.

Ferwana voiced an appeal to media outlets to refrain from publishing unconfirmed reports, that are largely conflicting and only cause more agony and suffering to the families of the detainees. His statements came after various media outlets, journalists and activists, published reports, or posts, claiming the detainee has died in prison, even though no official confirmation was ever made.

“The issue of the detainees is a humanitarian cause; it is not a subject for media outlets to deal with it as breaking news, competing on who publishes first before all others,” Ferwana told the IMEMC, “Media outlets and social media activists must be aware of the facts, and should never publish such reports before they are officially confirmed or denied.”

“It is already always difficult to get any news from the Israeli prisons, detention centers, and interrogation facilities. Israel’s lack of cooperation with human rights groups and the Red Cross, makes getting such news nearly impossible,” Ferwana said, “I call on all individuals, media outlets, officials, institutions, and political factions to refrain from making statements and publishing hasty reports without official confirmations. We also need to always respect the families, and what they go through in these conditions.”

“A martyr is not a number, is not a new breaking news item; we need to wait; we need to confirm before we make official statements and issue press releases,” Ferwana concluded, “to those who just want to publish, those who claim to know the full truth, if I could whisper in their ears, I would say please have compassion and respect to the feeling of others, respect the people, respect their minds, and then, they will respect you back.”

PCHR: Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (25 Jun – 01 July 2020)

Source

July 2, 2020 6:28 PM  PCHR

Summary

Israeli forces continued to commit crimes and multi-faceted violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including invasions into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, Israeli Forces’ excessive use of force rendered 9 injuries among Palestinian civilians, including a child and a paramedic, during raids and attacks on peaceful protests in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, which have also witnessed wide-scale demolitions and distribution of demolition notices of civilian houses and properties over the past several weeks, as Israeli occupation authorities prepare to commence its annexation plan of large parts of West Bank territories.

This week, Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) documented 155 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli soldiers and settlers in the occupied Palestinian territories (oPt).

Shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: Israeli Forces shot and wounded 9 Palestinians, including a child and a paramedic, in excessive use of force against a Kufur Qaddoum weekly protests against the occupation and settlement activities in the West Bank.
In Gaza, 5 shootings against agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip were reported; and once against fishing boats sailing in northern Gaza sea.

Incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: Israeli Forces carried out 74 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 77 Palestinians were arrested, including 6 children and 3 women. In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted 3 limited incursions into eastern Rafah, Khan Younis and Central governorate.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 5 violations, including:

PCHR also documented 4 settler attacks that included assault in Qalqilia and Salfit that rendered 3 civilians with bruises, and arsenal attacks on agricultural lands in Nablus and Ramallah.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, since the PA ended security coordination with Israeli authorities in May 2020, hundreds of critically ill patients whose condition cannot afford delays in treatment were denied travel. This week, 2 children died because they were unable to travel for treatment abroad. This was amplified by the restrictions put in place by IOF since March 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic, that had already had grave implications on the humanitarian and economic situation of the Gaza Strip population.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.
 
I. Violation of the Right to Life and to Bodily Integrity/Shooting and other Violations

  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 25 June 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, in eastern Khan Younis. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00 on the same Thursday, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in agricultural lands, adjacent to al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron, and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a temporary checkpoint leading to Bypass road (60). Israeli soldiers chased stone-throwers and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of young men suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 22:00 on the same Thursday, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Rafah shore in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (6 nautical miles). Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 07:50 on Friday, 26 June 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at Palestinian shepherds present in lands adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 26 June 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kufur Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased young men, who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, nine civilians, including a child and a paramedic, were shot with rubber bullets. The child was shot with a rubber bullet in his shoulders and the paramedic was shot in his mouth while others sustained rubber bullets in their shoulders, except for one who was shot with a rubber bullet in his back. (Names of the wounded civilians are available at PCHR)
  • At approximately 13:15 on the same Friday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, in eastern Khan Younis. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00 on the same Friday, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in Bad al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at a military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada street known as Checkpoint (56), which is closed. Israeli soldiers immediately fired tear gas canisters at stone-throwers and chased them between commercial shops into Abu al-Hums area. Confrontations between IOF and Palestinian young men continued until 17:00 on the same day, in which a number of young men suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 08:30 on Saturday, 27 June 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, northeast of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at agricultural lands for 30 minutes. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 27 June 2020, IOF stationed at Qalandia military roadblock, north of occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Ahmed Wajih Wahdan (22), a person with mobility impairment, and beat him severely, alleging that he has a knife. As a result, Wahdan sustained bruises all over his body. IOF also took Wahdan to “Atrout” settlement’s police station established on Qalandia village’s lands for investigation.Mohammed Wahdan, Ahmed’s brother, said that his brother, who is a roving street vendor at the above-mentioned checkpoint suffers from impaired mobility in his right foot and hand. Mohammed denied the news published by news agencies, including Israeli media, that his brother attempted to carry out a stab attack. Mohammed also said that his brother was arrested near the gate where he used to sell water. Mohammed added that according to eyewitnesses’ statement, Israeli soldiers ordered his brother to move backwards few steps and when he did, they immediately arrested him and beat him. It should be noted that Wahdan is from Qalandia, north of occupied East Jerusalem. Wahdan sustained a fracture in his nose, wounds in his head and foot and bruises throughout his body after IOF attacked him.
  • At approximately 20:00 on the same Saturday, an Israeli force reinforced with several military SUVs stormed al-Samou’s village, south of Hebron. They patrolled the village streets, stationed in its center, and deployed between houses. A number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers, who indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of stone-throwers suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. IOF withdrew from the village later. Neither arrests nor house incursions were reported.
  • At approximately 15:40 on Monday, 29 June 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at agricultural lands for 30 minutes no casualties were

 
II. Incursions and Arrests:

Thursday, 25 June 2020:

  • At approximately 12:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ali Ahmed al-Harsh’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Habayel village in Abu Dis, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hamza Hesham Erekat’s (28) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Erekat’s cousin is Ahmed Mustafa Erekat (26), who was killed by the Israeli soldiers at the “Container” military roadblock last Tuesday, when IOF claimed that the victim attempted to carry out a run-over attack.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Nour Shams refugee camp, in Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ahmed Izzat Zendiq (25).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (8) civilians: Mohammed Hamza Obaid (21), Mohammed Khalil Awwad (21), Awwad Ra’ed Kleib (24), Younis Wissam Abu al-Hums (18), Wadea’ Dawoud Alian (20), Khaled Dia’ Muhaisn (17), Yousif Tareq Darwish (22), and Ahmed Abdulsalam Abu al-Roumi (21).
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Jit village, northeast of Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mo’aweya Ali al-Sidda (26).
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mahmoud Khudair Alian (17), and Mohammed Mousa Mostafa (21), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 16:20, IOF stationed near Ofer detention in Betounia, west of Ramallah, arrested (4) civilians while waiting out of the detention to welcome a Palestinian detainee, from Deir Jreir, to be freed. The arrestees are: Qusai Dawoud Olwi (22), Jehad Mohammed Ajaj (27), Aysar Zeyad Shuja’eya (26), and Ibrahim Abdul Wahab Olwi (23).
  • In the late night hours, IOF stationed at Za’tara military roadblock, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested an officer in the National Security, Ahmed Amin ‘Antari (38), from Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin, IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin; al-Nabi Saleh and Birzeit, in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 26 June 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Burin village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Ghassan Zeidan al-Najjar’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:45, IOF moved into Barqa village, northwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Ali Mohammed Saif’s (37) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at al-Za’eem military checkpoint, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Anwar Sami Obaid (23), and took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that the Israeli Authorities arrested and summonsed Obaid for more than 6 times in the latest months, and he spent up to 20-months in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF deployed in Hebron’s Old City’s neighborhoods, searched and arrested Ahmed Hussain al-Natshah (18), while present near the building of Shari’a court. IOF took him to the police station at “Kiryat Arba’” settlement, east of Hebron.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Jama’in and Kafr Qalil, southeast of Nablus; Jayous and Qalqilia, in Qalqilia governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 27 June 2020:

  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested the Head of the Aqsa Mosque Murabitun Committee, Yousef Ibrahim Mukhaimar (48), while present near al-Asbat Gate, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s gates. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested Mo’men Mohammed Rihan (26), from Tal village, south of Nablus. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Kifl Hares, north of Salfit. No arrests were reported

Sunday, 28 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Bilal Abu al-Zaki (24), and Qasem Halabeyah (26), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ahmed Mohammed Hammad’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in Daheyat al-Zaytoun area. They raided and searched Adnan Younis Abu Tabana’s (50) house and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched four houses and arrested (3) civilians including a child and handed Ahmed Emad al-Badawi (23) a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem. The arrestees are: Ahmed Emad al-Badawi (14), Ahmed Mohammed Adawi (18), and Ahmed Ra’fat al-Badawi (23).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Taqoua’ village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ali Yousef Jabareen (25), and Ahmed Salem Sabbah (20), and handed them summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Qalqilia and Hebla villages in Qalqilia governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 29 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahl, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Oday Hasan al-Khateeb’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Osama Reyad Turkman (19) and Baha’ Adnan Abu Baker (27) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Jalama, northeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Abdullah Ahmed Abu Farha’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Thaheriya village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Mo’ath Mohammed al-Qaisiya’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Dura al-Qara’ village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Amjad Hassan al-Rabei’i’s (32) house and arrested him. It should be noted that the above-mentioned civilian was a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 04:20, IOF moved into Silwad, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Awni Fares Hammad’s (40) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and bulldozers, moved 100-meters from al-Mtabaq Gate on the border fence, to al-Shawka village, east of Rafah, south of the Gaza Strip. They levelled and combed lands. At approximately 11:30, IOF redeployed again.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Beit Hanin neighborhood, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the house of the director of the “Women Development and Empowerment” association, Elham No’man Abu Sbaih (43) house and arrested her along with her son, Ahmed Khader Abu Sbaih (18). Elham’s husband, Khader Abu Sbaih, said that the Israeli “Yasam” special patrol unit aggressively stormed their house, they severely beaten and arrested his son, Ahmed, while he was sleeping. They damaged the house contents and confiscated several documents belonging to Elham, before they arrested her and her son, Ahmed.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stationed at Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Rima’ Mahmoud al-Shabrawi (40), known as “Abu al-Reem”, from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus, north of the West Bank. Rima’ works at the Palestinian Security Services, and he was taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 21:00, a group of Mista’arvim (Israeli Special Unit dressed like Palestinian), sneaked to al-Nasra street, northeast of Jenin, and stationed near al-Basateen park. They arrested a worker in the park, Hamza Mohammed Rahhal (20), from Jenin, north of the West Bank, and took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Deir al-Ghsoun and Tulkarem, in Tulkarem governorate; Derastya and Kifl Hares, in Salfit governorate. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 30 June 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into ‘Araba, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mahmoud Mustafa Merdawi’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Shadi Mwafaq Badawna’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Nahaleen, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several; houses and arrested (4) civilians: Ahmed Mohye al-Dein Fannoun (24), Khaldoun Mahmoud Fannoun (31), Hassan Mohammed Najajera (23), and his brother Abdul Halim (20).
  • At approximately 08:45, IOF reinforced with several military bulldozers, moved 100-meters to the east of ‘Abasan al-Kabira and ‘Abasan al-Jadida villages,east of Khan Younis. They leveled and combed lands that were previously levelled amidst Israeli sporadic shooting and redeployed to the north of the border fence after hours.
  • At approximately 11:20, IOF reinforced with 8 military vehicles and bulldozers, moved 100-meters to the west of the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in the Central Gaza Strip. They levelled, combed lands and done maintenance work along the border fence, and then headed to the east of al-Maghazi before they redeployed again at approximately 14:30.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Beit Daqqo village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Ali Dawoud’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF arrested the lawyer Salah Hasan al-Hamouri (35), a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons, while present in a medical center in al-Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, north of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to an unknown destination.It should be noted that al-Hamouri is a French national, and he was sentenced to prison 3 times, in the first sentence he spent about two years before he was released, then he re-arrested again on 2005, and sentenced to 7 years, but he was released after 6 years and a half in the Gilad Shalit prisoner exchange deal in 2011. On 23 August 2017, IOF put him on administrative detention, he was arrested while working as a fieldworker for al-Dameer Association for Human Rights; al-Hamouri spent more than 11-months in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Silwan village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Eslam Mas’oud Zaytoun’s (15) house and arrested him.

Wednesday, 01 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into several neighborhoods in the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched dozens of houses and carried out wide arrests campaign on charge of violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem. The head of the family committee of Jerusalem prisoners, Amjad Abu Asab, that IOF arrested (13) civilians from al-Issaweya, al-Tawr neighborhood, Wadi al-Jouz, and Silwan. The arrestees are: Mohammed Khalil ‘Amira, Ahmed Musallam Abu al-Rab, Oday Mousa al-Sha’er, Bassam Ghaith, Ra’ed al-Ashhab, Mohammed Obaid, Ahmed Mahayna, Ehab Abu Sbitan, Waleed al-Sayyad, Mohammed Khwais, Jawad Jouda and Akram al-Salayma.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Harbi Mohammed Dawoud (26), living in al-Ma’moun St., and Yazan Abdul Naser Zagha (19), and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into ‘Askar al-Balad village, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Mansour Bashar Mansour’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • In the same context, IOF moved into Izbet al-Jarad, east of Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abdul Karim Zeyad al-Hamshari (31).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Thanaba village, east of Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Suliman Husni Saleem Khraisha (37).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Sayel Tahseen Ramadan (40) and Ayoub Ahmed ‘Aseeda (40) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Ramallah, and stationed in al-Teira neighborhood, southwest of the city. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Elia’ Abu Hijla (20), a student at Birzeit University; and Haneen Nassar Fadayel (35), the wife of the prisoner Rami Rizk Fadayel.
  • At approximately 04:20, IOF moved into al-Jalazon refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mahdi Naser Samad’a’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Birzeit, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Amjad ‘Ahed Samhan’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested Amir Issa Za’tara (25), while present near Bab al-Sahera area in the central Old City of Jerusalem. He was taken to “al-Bareed” police station in Salah al-Dein Street.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Ein Yabrod and Batn al-Hawa in Ramallah; Kreesa, Nuba, and Hebron villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and Settler Violence in the West Bank

a. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • On Thursday, 25 June 2020, Israeli military construction vehicles demolished a wall and 2 under-construction houses in ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Anata village council stated that IOF moved into al-Boq’an neighborhood and demolished Saied al-Khatib’s 2-storey under-construction house (200 sqm). The village council clarified that IOF also moved into al-Najma neighborhood, where they demolished ‘Alaa ‘Alqam’s 2-storey house (150 sqm) and a wall surrounding Majdi al-Fahidat’s house ( 80 sqm).
  • At approximately 13:00 on Sunday, 28 June 2020, IOF moved into Beit Iksa village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem and levelled a plot of land. Eyewitnesses said that IOF, backed by military construction vehicles raided Hamayil family’s plot of land and levelled it. Eyewitnesses added that IOF closed the village entrance, surrounded the area and established a tent before levelling the land. It should be noted that Beit Iksa village is inhabited by nearly 2000 citizens and is surrounded by the annexation wall and the Israeli settlements.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 30 June 2020, IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Tawana, al-Rakeez and al-Mofaqarah villages in eastern Yatta, south of Hebron. They distributed 8 notices to demolish and stop working in houses, agricultural rooms, a water well, and a barn.
  • At approximately 06:00, Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished ‘Atiyia Isam’il Mutair and Hayat Dawoud Muhasin’s houses in al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Atiyia Mutair said that Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished a 40-square-meter building comprised of a room, kitchen and bathroom and built in May 2020. Mutair clarified that this building was attached to his old house built in 2013 to shelter his son family. Hayat Muhasin said that she was shocked when Israeli municipality staff raided her 80-square-meter house to demolish it.
  • At approximately 09:00, Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished Yaseen Za’atrah’s house in Dir al-Sunna neighborhood in al-Mukaber Mount village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Za’atrah said that IOF surrounded his house in the morning and forcibly got his family out of the house. They then started to demolish it over its contents. Za’atrah clarified that the municipality staff raided his house in 2013 and ordered him to stop construction. After that, the municipality imposed a fine of NIS 48,000 on him and he is still paying it.
    The municipality then hung a demolition notice on his house in December 2019. Za’atrah said that he headed to Israeli courts to appeal against the demolition notice, but in vain. He added that the municipality ordered him to self-demolish the house, but the construction vehicles’ owners refused to demolish the house, because it is located in a mountainous area. Za’atrah’s house sheltering 7 persons was built on an area of 84 square meters and comprised of 3 rooms, a kitchen and a bathroom.

b. Israeli Settler Violence

  • On Thursday, 25 June 2020, Israeli settlers threw stones at a vehicle belonging to Mohammed ‘Abed al-Hafiz Za’rour (28), from Sir village in Qalqilya. As a result, Za’rour, who suffers from epilepsy, started to lose conscious and received treatment in Rafidia Hospital while his vehicle sustained damage. Za’rour said;
    “At approximately 23:00 on Thursday, 25 June 2020, I was returning from my workplace in Jericho and heading to Sir village. When I arrived at Duma village intersection, I saw a vehicle carrying 3 settlers parked on the street. Two settlers stepped out of the vehicle and the third settler threw a stone at my vehicle, breaking the window. I was afraid and managed to flee towards ‘Aqraba village. I phoned one of my relatives who helped me and took me to the hospital.”
  • At approximately 14:00 on Saturday, 27 June 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Jaf’at Roneem” settlement, which is established in the eastern area of Burin village, southeast of Nablus, set Palestinians’ lands ablaze. As a result, dozens of dunams were burnt.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Sunday, 28 June 2020, Israeli settlers, from ‘Adi ‘Ad settlement outpost, which is established on al-Moghir village lands, east of Ramallah, set Palestinians’ lands ablaze in al-Seder area. As a result, 40 olive trees belonging to Rateeb ‘Abdullah Na’san were burnt.
  • On Tuesday, 30 June 2020, Israeli settlers severely beat Ibrahim Mohammed ‘Assaf (52) and Majdi Najem ‘Issa (45), from Bidiyia village, west of Salfit, while heading to Khellet Hassan area, northwest of the village. As a result, both of them sustained bruises throughout their bodies and received treatment later. Ibrahim ‘Assaf said;
    “At approximately 20:00 on Tuesday, 30 June 2020, my friend Madji and I headed to Khellet Hassan area, where we found 4 settlers. The settlers opened fire at us. We attempted to flee, but they caught us and severely beat us. I fainted and then regained consciousness while they were still beating me. They were speaking in Hebrew and I understood what they were saying. They wanted to kill me in Wadi Qana area, but they reversed their decision. They gave us our IDs and told us that they believed that we are security officers. We were released later and taken to hospital by the village residents.”

‘Set Them All Free’: Child Detention in American and Israeli Prisons

Source

June 30, 2020

By Benay Blend

Referring to the gravity of the coronavirus pandemic, a federal judge in Los Angeles on June 26, 2020, ordered the release of migrant children detained in the country’s three family detention centers. Some have been held since last year.

The mandate refers to children who have been held for more than 20 days in centers run by Immigration and Customs Enforcement, two in Texas and one in Pennsylvania. According to the ruling, 124 children were living in those places since June 8, and some of them have tested positive for the virus. This number is separate from the US Department of Health and Human Services centers for unaccompanied children that contained around 1,000 children in early June.

In her order, Judge Dolly M. Gee of the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California denounced the Trump administration for ignoring recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). To stall the spread of the virus in detention facilities, the agency had endorsed social distancing, the wearing of masks, and treatment for those who tested positive.

“The family residential centers are on fire,” she wrote, adding that this is no time for “half measures.”

Because of the pandemic, Judge Gee wrote, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) should work with “all deliberate speed” to release the children either together with their parents or sent to family sponsors.

“Some detained parents facing deportation brought their children to this country to save them from rampant violence in their home countries,” said Peter Schey, counsel for the class of detained children, “and would prefer to see their child released to relatives here rather than being deported with the parent to countries where children are routinely kidnapped, beaten and killed.”

Amy Maldonado, an attorney who works with detained families, said Gee “clearly recognized that the government is not willing to protect the health and safety of the children, which is their obligation.”

“They need to make the sensible choice and release the parents to care for their children,” she said of the government. Under terms of the Flores Settlement, the government can be forced into releasing children but not their parents, so that family separation occurs again unless the immigration rights group demands the release of entire families from detention.

More than 2,500 people in ICE holdings have tested positive for COVID-19. Although approximately 900 people considered at medical risk have been released, ICE refused to discharge more because it deems most of the family detainees to be “flight risks” because they are set to either be deported or appear in court.

Family separation has a long history in the United States beginning with children taken from their parents during slavery in the American South. As Shaun King observes, while children locked in cages is surely an “abomination,” it is also as deeply entrenched in American culture as “Facebook and Disneyland” seem to be.

During the 250 years of slavery in the American South millions of African family members were separated from each other. Ripped from their homelands, sold at auction blocks across the South, African parents, children, brothers and sisters would do their best to reunite after the Civil War.

Not only were enslaved African children sold away from their families, claims King, but Native American children, too, were forcibly sent to boarding schools where they suffered under harsh discipline and corporal punishment. In Our History is the Future (2019), historian Nick Estes (Lower Brule Sioux Tribe) writes that “the system…was as much about taking the children hostage as it was using them as leverage to coerce the behavior of reservation leadership,” (p. 118) and this continued until the 1970s.

Finally, in The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Color-Blindness (2010), Michelle Alexander traces the “rebirth of a caste-like system” that relegates millions of African American prisoners to a “permanent second-class status” by robbing them of their rights won in the 1960s. By focusing on the War on Drugs, Alexander shows that the U.S. criminal justice system is little more than a “contemporary system of racial control” that targets black men for petty crimes and consequently decimates communities.

Given these examples, it’s clear that “this nation has mastered separating parents and children,” as King asserts, but in fact, it is guilty of so much more. As he explains: “What’s happening right now in our country is, without question, a human rights catastrophe.” Yet, when others respond with statements like: “This is not the American I know and love,” his immediate reply is: It is.

It is also the same America that funds and supports the detention of Palestinian children in Israeli military jails. As reported by the US Campaign for Palestinian Rights, Israel detains and prosecutes between 500 and 700 Palestinian children in military courts per year.

Not only do such courts lack due process guarantees, they have a conviction rate of 99.74 percent. During their time in the penal system, these children are subjected to various kinds of physical and emotional abuse when neither their parents nor their lawyers are there to protect them.

According to Samidoun: Palestinian Prisoner Solidarity Network, conditions inside Israeli jails are particularly deadly now due to systemic medical neglect in the face of the coronavirus. If this motivated the release of children from detention in America, surely Palestinian prisoners, especially the youth, deserve the same consideration.

On May 1, 2019, Rep. Betty McCollum (D-MN) reintroduced legislation in Congress that would prohibit US tax dollars from funding the Israeli military detention of Palestinian children. H.R. 2407, Promoting Human Rights for Palestinian Children Living Under Military Occupation Act, is the follow-up to H.R. 4391, in the last Congress, which totaled 31 sponsors.

“By introducing H.R. 2407,” writes Ramzy Baroud,

“McCollum has broken several major taboos in the US government. She unapologetically characterizes Israel’s violations of Palestinian rights with all the correct terms – ‘torture’, ‘abuse’, and so on… Moreover, she calls for conditioning US military support for Israel on the latter’s respect for human rights.”

The time is ripe. The Palestinian rights movement, writes Alex Kane, has helped push Democratic public opinion away from unqualified support for Israel. Jamaal Bowman’s declared victory over Rep. Engel this past week shows this to be the case.

Rep. McCollum agrees:

“I strongly believe there is a growing consensus among the American people that the Palestinian people deserve justice, equality, human rights, and the right to self-determination. It is time to stand with Palestinians, Americans, Israelis, and people around the world to reject the destructive, dehumanizing, and anti-peace policies of Prime Minister Netanyahu and President Trump.”

Neither Bowman’s campaign nor McCollum’s stance represent a forum for challenging the foundation of the US-Israel relationship, but these steps do question Israel’s regard for human rights. As Justine Teba (Tesuque and Santa Clara Pueblo) notes, it took a movement to free the children. It happened because of ongoing protests at ICE detentions centers, these movements aren’t being talked about in mainstream media because they’re are undeniable PROOF of movement power and PROOF that this is how we get things done in an unjust system. I see the see first-hand accounts of these actions online. Do you think the state just decided on a whim to let their child prisoners free?”

In These Chains Will Be Broken: Palestinian Stories of Struggles and Defiance in Israeli Prisons (2020), Ramzy Baroud records a total of 5,250 political prisoners in Israel, a number he predicts will be growing because Palestinians will continue to resist.

Expect an increase, too, because on July 1, various Palestinian factions and support groups have called for a Day of Rage to protest the annexation of all illegal settlements in the West Bank and large swaths of the Jordan Valley, consuming the remaining areas under Palestinian control. Here in Albuquerque, New Mexico, the Red Nation has called for a car parade ending with a rally at Tiquex Park.

If justice is truly indivisible, in the words of Martin Luther King, then all prisoners—in America and Occupied Palestine–deserve the same demands to ensure their release from COVID-infested prisons.

– Benay Blend earned her doctorate in American Studies from the University of New Mexico. Her scholarly works include Douglas Vakoch and Sam Mickey, Eds. (2017), “’Neither Homeland Nor Exile are Words’: ‘Situated Knowledge’ in the Works of Palestinian and Native American Writers”. She contributed this article to The Palestine Chronicle.

For Palestinian journalists, violence by Israeli forces comes with the job

Source

Violations against reporters, including physical attacks and arrests, have increased in recent months, especially in Jerusalem
Israeli border guards scuffle with a photojournalist covering clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinian protesters, north of Ramallah last year (AFP)
By 
 in
Occupied Jerusalem


Cornered and afraid, 23-year-old Palestinian journalist Sondus Ewies spoke nervously to a group of Israeli officers who gathered around her while she was filming at the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound last month.
“I didn’t do anything. I was just filming and doing my job,” she recalled telling them. 
Ewies took out her international press card, hoping to avoid detention, but she was met with a cold shrug by an officer who replied: “This is a false card which we do not recognise.”

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Israeli officers detained Ewies and confiscated her personal phone. She was then taken in for questioning and handed a three-month ban on visiting the mosque compound, located in occupied East Jerusalem.
This was not her first run-in with Israeli authorities. Ewies has been stopped multiple times while on air and has also been beaten while she was covering various protests. 
She told Middle East Eye that she was more afraid of the temporary ban than the actual detention.
Ewies lives in the Palestinian neighbourhood of Ras al-Amoud, just south of the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, making the latter a central part of her journalistic work. She said she was counting down the hours to enter the mosque compound after it was closed for two months due to the coronavirus pandemic
Many Palestinian journalists face arrest and temporary bans from the compound on the grounds that they had filmed settler incursions there or Israeli forces assaulting worshippers.
In 2016, Israeli authorities drew up blacklists containing names of Palestinians, including journalists, prohibited from entering the compound. 
Since the beginning of June, Israeli authorities have issued around 10 summons to journalists and photographers for interrogation due to their coverage of political events. 

Ban on Palestinian news organisations 

Ewies is one of many journalists who have endured harassment by Israeli forces while on duty.
Well-known local reporter Christine Rinawi, 31, had been working at Palestine TV, a station operating under the Palestinian Authority’s (PA) public Palestinian Broadcasting Corporation, for 10 years when she was detained in December 2019.
‘The officer told me … “You are forbidden from working in Jerusalem, whether in the street, underground or next to the bathroom or salon”‘
– Christine Rinawi, reporter
The month before, then-Israeli public security minister Gilad Erdan had issued a decision to close down the offices of Palestine TV for six months, claiming that its operation was a violation of the Oslo Accords, which banned the PA’s presence in Israeli-occupied East Jerusalem. The order was renewed in May 2020. 
Immediately after the closure, the station’s staff in Jerusalem decided to challenge the decision and carry on with their work.
During the third episode of a live broadcast programme in December, Israeli forces detained presenter Dana Abu Shamsia and cameraman Amir Abed Rabbo. Rinawi and another cameraman, Ali Yassin, were also detained shortly afterwards and taken to an interrogation centre. 
For Rinawi, the closure of Palestine TV was part and parcel of Israel’s restrictions on the Palestinian media’s documentation of Israeli abuses.
“They tried to assault us and they treated us like criminals,” she told MEE.
“The officer told me: ‘go work in Bethlehem or Ramallah. You are forbidden from working in Jerusalem, whether in the street, underground or next to the bathroom or salon’.” 
During the course of Palestine TV’s initial six-month closure, Israeli intelligence summoned Rinawi five times for questioning.
Palestine TV is not the only Palestinian news outlet to be banned in Jerusalem by Israeli authorities. In recent years, Al Quds, Palestine Today, Qpress and the Elia Youth Media Foundation were all targeted with bans.

Israeli soldier confront Palestinian journalist

A recent report found that Israeli authorities carried out 760 violations against the media in 2019 (AFP)

Over the years, Rinawi has suffered assaults as she performed her job. In 2019, she was pushed and shoved by Israeli soldiers during a live broadcast, which was interrupted four times. 
In 2015, shrapnel from a sound bomb hit her eye as she covered the situation at the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
A year earlier, she and her cameraman were shot with rubber-coated bullets while they reported the events that unfolded after the kidnapping and killing of Palestinian teenager Mohammed Abu Khdeir.

More dangerous than weapons

Ata Owaisat, 50, from the town of Jabal al-Mukaber in Jerusalem, began his career as a photojournalist 19 years ago. He worked with the Associated Press news agency and Israeli news organisation Yedioth Ahronot. 
He said that he has lost count of the number of times Israeli soldiers had broken his camera equipment.
“One of them told me word for word that ‘your camera is more dangerous than weapons’,” he told MEE.
“I have been beaten and humiliated while doing my work, faced obstructions and was questioned, strip-searched, interrogated and banned from Al-Aqsa”. 
Owaisat’s journalistic career was abruptly brought to an end in 2013, when he suffered a severe injury and ensuing psychological trauma, including PTSD. He said he finds it difficult to talk about that day.

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On 8 March 2013, Owaisat picked up his camera and went to cover clashes at Al-Aqsa, where Israeli forces were firing stun grenades and rubber-coated metal bullets at Palestinians protesting against Israeli violations in the compound.
Owaisat was hit in the mouth by a metal object he couldn’t identify, which caused severe bleeding.
“I lost part of my teeth, upper lip and my face was deformed,” he recalled.
After he was hit, Owaisat momentarily lost consciousness but was soon awakened to kicks and insults before losing consciousness again.
Ambulance crews transferred him to the hospital. 
“I saw death with my own eyes,” he said.
Afterwards, Owaisat faced many difficulties with eating, speaking and even smiling. He underwent multiple operations to restore his face and teeth.
He also stopped working for a year, after which he received a medical report detailing the psychological trauma preventing him from resuming his work.

Widespread restrictions

Along with journalists in Jerusalem, Palestinians across the occupied West Bank and the besieged Gaza Strip also face a plethora of violations.
The Palestinian Centre for Development and Media Freedoms (Mada) reported 18 such violations during the month of May, including physical attacks, arrests and the closure of offices across the Palestinian territories. 
A recent report by the Palestinian Journalists Syndicate Freedoms Committee also found that Israeli authorities carried out 760 violations in 2019. 
Nasser Abu Bakr, the president of the syndicate, commented on the issue, saying that Israel focuses its restrictions and obstruction of journalists in Jerusalem, which it considers its capital. 
He added that such incidents have increased in recent months, leading the syndicate to alert the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) to the high number of infractions against journalists in Jerusalem and have called on it to intervene.
Abu Bakr told MEE that a delegation from the IFJ had demanded that the Israeli government stop its violations and recognise the international press card, to no avail.
“We provide support as much as we can. We have a meeting at the union next week, and the reality of journalists in Jerusalem will be the first on our agenda,”  he said.

PCHR: Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (18 – 24 Jun 2020)

Source

June 25, 2020 10:26 PM

Summary

Israeli forces continued to commit crimes and multifaceted violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including invasions into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, the Israeli military’s excessive use of force killed 1 civilian, rendered 22 injuries among Palestinian civilians, including a child during raids and attacks on peaceful protests in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, which have also witnessed wide-scale demolitions and distribution of demolition notices of civilian houses and properties over the past several weeks, as Israeli occupation authorities prepare to commence its annexation plan of large parts of West Bank territories.

This week, the Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) documented 191 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli Forces and settlers in the occupied Palestinian territories (oPt).
 
IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: IOF shot and wounded 22 Palestinians, including a child, with live and rubber-coated steel bullets in a show of excessive use of force against unarmed civilians in the West Bank.

In Gaza, 6 shootings against agricultural lands in eastern Gaza Strip were reported; and once against fishing boats sailing in northern Gaza sea.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 105 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 88 Palestinians were arrested, including 7 children and 4 women.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 24 violations, including;

  • Hebron: confiscation of sheep barn, caravan, oil pump and archaeological pillars, and distributed two cease-construction notices to two houses;
  • Bethlehem: construction on a settlement-road;
  • East Jerusalem: 2 civilians forced to self-demolish their homes, demolition notices given to two buildings and a house at al-Madares St.; several demolition notices in al-‘Isawiya; 3 houses demolished; confiscation al-Abbasy family land in Silwan village; confiscation a blacksmith workshop and tools; raid on mechanic shops in al-Sawahra and Abu-Dis;
  • Nahalin village: car wash and a house demolished; notice to evacuate a land and to cease rehabilitation work at an agricultural land; and confiscation of a construction vehicle;
  • Salfit: notice to cease-construction on an agricultural room and a rainwater well; 1 house self-demolished and another residential building (3-storey) demolished; other demolitions included: 1 residential facility; 7 small commercial facilities; 1 barracks; under-construction apartment and sports center wall;
  • Ramallah: demolition of 3 houses, including 1 under-construction;
  • Northern Jordan Valley: 48 olive trees bulldozed.

PCHR also documented 2 illegal Israeli settler attacks that included assault in Bethlehem and Ramallah that injured 4 civilians.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Furthermore, since the PA ended security coordination with Israeli authorities in May 2020, hundreds of critically ill patients whose condition cannot afford delays in treatment were denied travel.

This week, 2 children died because they were unable to travel for treatment abroad. This was amplified by the restrictions put in place by IOF since March 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic, that had already had grave implications on the humanitarian and economic situation of the Gaza Strip population.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

 
I. Violation of the Right to Life and to Bodily Integrity/Shooting and other Violations

  • At approximately 08:10 on Friday, 19 June 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, adjacent to the border area. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 19 June 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kufur Qaddoum village’s lands, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF the young concussion grenades, and tear-gas canisters at them. As a result, 10 civilians, including a child, were shot and injured with shrapnel and rubber-coated steel rounds. (The names of the wounded civilians area available at PCHR)
  • At approximately 15:00 on Friday, 19 June 2020, IOF suppressed a peaceful protest at the northern entrance to al-Bireh city called for by national factions in Ramallah and al-Bireh to pretest against the Israeli annexation plan to part of the West Bank lands. Israeli soldiers stationed at al-Mahkamah checkpoint, adjacent to “Beit Eil” settlement, north of the city, fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, dozens of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 07:30 on Saturday, 20 June 2020, reinforced with military SUVs stormed al-Maghir village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses. In the meantime, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered and threw atones and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli soldiers stationed in the center of the village. Israeli soldiers opened fire at the civilians. As a result, a 22-year-old young man was shot with a rubber-coated steel round in his head. He was transferred to Palestine Medical Complex for treatment.
  • At approximately 07:30 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence in eastern al-Maghazi area in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:30 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at a group of civilians in lands adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:10 on Sunday 21 June 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Deir al-Balah shores in central Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishermen and their boats. Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:30 on the same Monday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds in lands adjacent to the border area. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:30 on the same Monday, IOF stationed at al-Hamrah checkpoint, north of the West Bank, fired rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians, who gathered near the checkpoint after Israeli soldiers stationed at the above-mentioned checkpoint prevented dozens of Palestinian buses from crossing the checkpoint to participate in a protest in Jericho against the Israeli annexation plan to be implemented in the next month. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas canisters. They received medical treatment on the field.
  • At approximately 15:00 on the same Monday, a number of civilians gathered in Bab al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at Military Checkpoint (56) established at the entrance to al-Shuhada’a street, which is closed. Israeli soldiers chased stone-throwers and indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of young men suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 16:00on the same Monday, an Israeli infantry unit stormed al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. Israeli soldiers indiscriminately fired tear gas canisters at the camp’s main street claiming that they were stoned. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated to tear gas inhalation. The infantry unit withdrew later from the camp. Neither casualties nor houses incursions were reported.
  • At approximately 17:30 on the same Monday, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in “al-Qatou’a” area, west of Deir Abu Mash’al village, adjacent to the settlement street linking between “Halmish” settlement, north west of Ramallah, to confront Israeli settlers protected by IOF, who carried out riots in the area. They young men threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at settlers’ vehicles passing through the above-mentioned street. Israeli soldiers immediately fired rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, Mos’ab Abu Ata (15) was shot with a rubber bullet in his foot. He was taken via an Israeli ambulance that handed him over to a PRCS ambulance, which referred him to Palestine Medical Complex for treatment.
  • At approximately 22:40 on the same Monday, IOF moved into Nablus from the eastern entrance (Beit Furik) and southern entrance (Howarah) and stationed in the eastern area of the city, to secure the entry of dozens of buses carrying settlers to the above-mentioned area in order to perform prayers in “Joseph’s Tomb” in Balatat al-Balad village. A number of Palestinian civilians gathered and set tires on fire, put barricades, and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli vehicles. IOF immediately fired rubber bullets and sound bombs at civilians to disperse them. As a result, a 24-year-old young man was shot with a rubber bullet in right hand. He was transferred to Rafidia Governmental Hospital for medical treatment. Many also were suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. They received medical treatment on the field.
  • On Tuesday evening, 23 June 2020, Israeli Forces killed a Palestinian young man after opening fire at his vehicle, which collided into the traffic island in the center of al-container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem. IOF claimed that the victim attempted to carry out a run-over attack, but according to the information collected by the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) the victim was in fact was en route to pick up his mother, in preparation for his sister’s wedding, which was supposed to be held in the evening in Abu Dies village. PCHR stresses that IOF used disproportionate force, especially that the victim posed no real threat to the soldiers’ lives in light of the heavy fortifications at the checkpoint.
     According to PCHR’s investigations and eyewitness testimonies, at approximately 15:53 on Tuesday, Ahmed Mostafa Mousa Erekat (26), from Abu Dis village in occupied East Jerusalem, was waiting in queue at al-container military checkpoint in eastern Bethlehem, to cross into Bethlehem where he was supposed to pick up his mother and sisters from a beauty salon in the city and return to Abu Dies village to attend his sister, Eman’s wedding. At approximately 15:55, when Erekat vehicle approached the checkpoint, it deviated from its path and collided into the traffic island opposite the glass room where Israeli border guard soldiers stationed. The soldiers immediately opened fire at the vehicle, wounding Erekat with several live bullets in his upper body. They pulled him out of the vehicle, threw him on the ground and prevented Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS)’s medical crew from approaching him or providing first aid; leaving him to bleed to death on the ground at the checkpoint.
  • At approximately 15:25 on the same Tuesday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Wadi al-Douh area, northeast of Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at the border area and fired a number of tear gas canisters. Palestinian shepherds who were adjacent to the border fence, panicked and left the area. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 08:25 on Wednesday, 24 June 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Blah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire agricultural lands, adjacent to border area. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 18:00 on the same Wednesday, dozens of Palestinian outraged young men at the killing of Ahmed Mustafa Oraiqat (27) gathered in front of Ahmed’s house in Abu Dis village, east of occupied East Jerusalem as the protest took part in all the village streets. The protestors chanted slogans condemning the killing of Qraiqat, headed to the Mount area in the village, and threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli military vehicles. A large Israeli force immediately stormed the village and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors and clashed with them for 4 hours. At approximately 13:00 on the same day, confrontations between IOF and Palestinian young men took part in Ras Kabsah area, adjacent to al-‘Izariyah village, during which IOF fired a barrage of tear gas canisters. As a result, a house owned by Walid Hatem al-Huseini was completely burned after it was hit with many tear gas canisters. Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS) said that its crews offered medical treatment to 9 persons who were shot with rubber bullets and more than 28 persons suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and they received medical treatment on the field.

 
II. Incursions and Arrests:

Thursday, 18 June 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jabal Handaza area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Hatem Yousef al-Refati’s (37) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Bani Na’eem village, east of Hebron. They raided and searched Yehya Khader Humaidat’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Nahaleen, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Bara’ Ibrahim Shakarna’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Sourif village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Malek Tayseer Ghunaimat’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ammer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed Haitham Slaibi’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:10, IOF moved into Jayyous village, northeast of Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Suhaib Wael Shamasnah (21).
  • At approximately 04:20, IOF moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbeya village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Sa’ed Taha al-Khatib’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with 8 military vehicles, moved into al-Beira and stationed in Um al-Sharayit neighborhood. They raided and searched Majd Ibrahim al-Boushi’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into Kafr Tholth village, northeast of Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mahmoud Sameeh Shawahna (22).
  • At approximately 04:40, an undercover unit from the IOF “Mista’arvim” moved into ‘Aqabat Jabr refugee camp, southwest of Jericho. They sneaked by a Ford mini-bus carrying Palestinian registration plates and stationed in front of Mohammed Abdul Karim Abu Zeina’s (27) house and arrested him. Meanwhile, IOF stormed the village and surrounded their house and covered the unit’s withdrawal and took Zeina to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Adam Shafiq Obaid’s (20) house and handed Obaid a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 05:15, IOF moved into Jinsafut village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abdul Rahman Mahmoud Bashir (28), and Sami Abdul Rahman Mahmoud Shubair (33).
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested Fadi Ali Alian (34), the guard of the Aqsa Mosque’s guard, while working in the mosque’s yard in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to one of the investigation centers in the city.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and handed (4) civilians summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services; Anwar Sami Obaid (22), Mohammed Ayman Obaid (20), Mohammed Esmat Obaid (20), and Yousif Ali al-Kaswani (22).
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Azoun village, east of Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Qais Zahran Owda (22).
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, north of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Osaid Mor’eb Jaghoub (22), from Bita village, southeast of the city. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 21:50, IOF stationed in front of Gate (104) established adjacent to the annexation wall, west of Tulkarem, arrested Ibrahim Hussam Mahmoud Darwish (23) and ‘Amer Mahmoud Helal (25), from Tulkarem.
  • IOF carried out (7) incursions in ‘Atouf, southeast of Tubas, Kafr Qalil and Bita, Southeast of Nablus, al-Nabi Saleh and Betounia in Ramallah, Azoun, east of Qalqilia, and Ezbit Shofa, north of Tulkarem. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 19 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Kreesa village, east of Dura, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Husain Ali Husain Shawaheen’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:55, IOF moved into Qafin village, north of Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians: Mohammed Nabil Mahmoud To’ma (26), Ahmed Nabil Mohammed Sabbah (28), Ridwan Nasr al-Dein Ajouli (27), and Adeeb Mohammed Sabbah (24).
  • After Friday prayers, dozens of Susya village’s civilians, south of Hebron, a peaceful protest against the Israeli Authorities’ decision of annexing more areas in the West Bank on July 1. Meanwhile, IOF and group of Susya settlers arrived and tried to ban the protestors from entering the main street and prevented the journalists from documenting the incident. After dispersing the protestors, IOF withdrew, and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 13:50, IOF stationed at the entrance of Salem military court, west of Jenin, arrested Abdul Rahman Taha Abu Sereya (25), from Jenin refugee camp. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:20, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Mghayer village, northeast of Ramallah, and stationed at the main rotary of the village. They raided and searched two houses and arrested a man and a child; Mo’ayad Rayeq al-Na’san (17) and Rajeh Fayeq al-Na’san (20).
  • IOF carried out (11) incursions in Jenin and Qabatya, southeast of Jenin; Kafr Ra’i, southwest of Jenin; Bita, southeast of Nablus; Jericho, Termas’eya, and Na’leen, in Ramallah; Kafr Tholth, east of Qalqilia; Ra’s ‘Ateya, east of Tulkarem; and al-Zaweya, north of Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 20 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Kharas village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Tha’er Aziz Halahela’s (41) house and confiscated his Laptop, and no arrest was reported. It should be noted that Halahela was detained a month ago.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hasan Khaled Alian’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, arrested Ali Jamal Abu Salah (28), from ‘Arraba village, southwest of the Jenin. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Derastya, north of Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 21 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast if the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (9) civilians including (4) children. The arrestees are: Omar Marwan Obaid (18), Mahmoud Marwan al-‘Anati (21), Mahmoud Marwan Owda (16), Hasan Yaser Darweesh (14), Mohammed Murad Dari (17), Mohammed Sameeh Alian (14), Mohammed Nasim Obaid, Mahmoud Abdu Ra’ouf Mahmoud (23), and Ahmed Eyad Awda. IOF also handed Ahmed Khalil Obaid (20) and As’ad Dari (23) summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ammer, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Hamad Yousef Mohammed Bahr (26) and Mohammed Ibrahim Mustafa Sabarna (24). Meanwhile, IOF stormed al-Manasra furniture store in Safa, the northern neighborhood of the city, they opened the store’s doors with special tools, and started searching until 02:30. IOF withdrew and took the arrestees to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Yatta, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Eyad Diab Abu Qbaita’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:20, IOF moved into Dura al-Qara’, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Salim Edris Hamdan (32) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOFD reinforced with two military vehicles moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbeyya village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ra’fat Mohammed Saleem Abu Rabea’s (45) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into al-Rahmah Gate praying hall, east of al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They arrested one of the mosque’s guards and (5) civilians including (2) children and took them to al-Qashla police station in Jerusalem’s Old City. After several hours of investigation, IOF released them on condition that banning their entry to the Aqsa Mosque for a week and refer to the police station to extend their banning decision again for several months. The arrestees are: Abdul Karim Qa’oud, Shifa’ Abu Ghalya (18), Aya Abu Nab (21), Aya Ma’touq (18), Mayar al-Natsheh (16), and Maram al-Natsheh (17).

Monday, 22 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Tayaseer village, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Eyad Mithqal Daraghma (35), Duham Fayez Subaih (28), works at the Palestinian National Security, and Zahi Ahmed Abu Muhsen (45).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Beit Fujjar, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Akram Taqateqa’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:20, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the occupied West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Waseem Jehad Nazzal (25), Ahmed Ibrahim al-Sheikh (18), and his brother Mohammed (19).
  • At approximately 05:30, IOF moved into ‘Anabta village, north of Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Marwan Salim Hannoun (23).
  • At approximately 06:25, IOF moved into Zeita village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Bader Mazen Sayed Ahmed (24).
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF stationed at Howara’s main street in Howara village, southeast of Nablus, arrested (3) civilians from Bita village while presented near a fast-food restaurant. IOF took Sa’eed Rabah Dwaikat (18), Aseel Naser Dwaikat (19), and Ahmed Yaser Dwaikat (18), to unknown destinations.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Bita, southeast of Nablus; Yatta, Sa’eer, and Beit Ammer, in Hebron; Beit Sirra and Na’leen in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 23 June 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (9) civilians, and took them to al-Maskoubeya investigation center, then released them after several hours on financial bail of 10,000 NIS and home confinement. The arrestees are: Mhmoud Shafiq Obaid (20), Amjad Ali Obaid (24), Mohammed Waleed Obaid (21), Ali Mohammed Obaid, Majd Nayef Mustafa (19), Tamer Darwish (21), Eyas Hussain Obaid, Nayef Waseem Obaid (18), and Mahmoud Ramadan Obaid (23).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qalandia refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Isma’el Ahmed Abu Latifa (28), Abdullah Mohammed Alqam (26), and Anas Mohammed Ya’qoub (24).
  • At approximately 03:10, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Kobqr village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mujahed Basel al-Barghouthi’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Saf street in Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ibrahim Maher Khamees (18) and Nidal Ibrahim Abu ‘Ahour (41) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Wadi Hilwa village in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ibtisam Sharaf’s (50) house and arrested her.
  • At approximately 18:40, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the main entrance of al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, arrested Wahbi Ehsan al-Rimawi (29), from Beit Rima village, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF stationed at al-Mahkama checkpoint, near Beit Eil settlement north of the city, arrested Mustafa Mahmoud Ghawanma (17) and Ahmed Ali Safi (17).
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Qabatya, north of the occupied West Bank. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 24 June 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Sawahra al-Sharqeya, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Noah Fahd Za’atra’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Wael Ali Abu Qamar (44) and Yousef Mohammed al-Ra’i (39). Meanwhile, a special unit headed to arrest Bara’ (24) and his brother Hussain Ali Abtali, in Jaljoulia street in the city.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Halhoul, north of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Oday Younis al-Douda (24) and Mohammed Younis al-Bow (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Sameer Zayyat’s (46) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron and stationed at al-Duhdah neighborhood. They raided and searched Mathna Omar al-Qawasma’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into ‘Azoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Belal Mohammed Miskawi (39), and Ibrahim Shaker Shbaita.

 
III. Settlement Expansion and Settler Violence in the Occupied West Bank

i. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Illegal Settlement Expansion Activities

  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 18 June 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Tawana village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. IOF were deployed between Palestinians’ houses while the Israeli Civil Administration officers got Jamal Mohammed ‘Issa Rab’i (44)’s sheep out of the barn and confiscated the shed and steel pipes, under the pretext of establishing the barn without getting a permission from the Israeli Civil Administration Department.
  • On Thursday, the Israeli Nature Authority staff raided al-‘Abasi family land in Silwan’s Wadi al-Rababah neighborhood to seize and confiscate it. Eyewitnesses said that the Israeli Nature Authority staff moved into the land and started working on it, so the land’s owners confronted them. During which, the Israeli Nature Authority staff pepper-sprayed ‘Abasi family members, including the elderly Mohamed Dawoud (90). As a result, they sustained burns in their faces and suffocated. The Israeli police arrived at the area and informed al-‘Abasi family that the Israeli Nature Authority staff could gardening the land upon the court’s decision and if they have any objection, they could head to the court.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli Municipality staff along with officers from the Israeli Ministry of Interior moved into the eastern lands of al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, where distributed demolition and eviction notices. Mohammed Abu al-Humus, Head of the Follow-up Committee in al-‘Isawiya village, said that Israeli authorities distributed demolition and eviction notices in al-‘Isawiya village in favor of establishing National Parks on Palestinians’ lands. He added that Israeli authorities prevented the village residents from construction and demolished their houses, in addition to distributing notices every week, under the pretext of non-licensing. He also clarified that Israeli authorities refused to endorse the structural map that enables the residents to build and expand.
  • On the same day, IOF demolished a car wash in al-Manshiyia village, near Taqou’a village, east of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Mayor of Taqou’a Municipality, Tayseer Abu Mefreh, said that IOF moved into ak-Manshiyia village and demolished ‘Ali al-Khatib’s 70-square-meter car wash, under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • On the same day, Israeli military construction vehicles bulldozed a house in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Ahmed Salah, Head of al-Khader village, said that IOF moved into Kherbet ‘Alia in Um Rokba area in al-Khader village and demolished Sameer Ahmed Salah’s house comprised of 2 rooms and a kitchen and built of tin plates. Salah clarified that the house sheltered 6 persons. It should be noted that IOF demolished Salah’s 150-square-meter house 6 months ago.
  • On Saturday, 20 June 2020, Eyad and Feras Nabeel Da’nah implemented the Israeli Municipality order and self-demolished their houses in Hosh al-A’war area in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Feras Da’nah said that he was handed 2 demolition notices months ago and due to the outbreak of coronavirus, the Israeli municipality delayed the demolition. Since then, he went to several lawyers to stop the demolition, but in vain. Da’nah clarified that the municipality staff prevented him from completing the construction and ordered his brother ‘Alaa to vacate the 2 houses and self-demolish them, or they will pay the demolition costs for the municipality. He added that he submitted an application to license the houses and informed the municipality that he will pay all fines, but it refused. Da’nah pointed out that he borrowed NIS 10,000 in order to build the two houses and got a loan to live in the house with his two brothers.
  • On Sunday, 21 June 2020, Israeli authorities notified a Palestinian civilian to vacate his agricultural land in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that IOF notified Bassam Khalil Jaber Ghunaim to vacate his 6 dunums of agricultural lands in Khelt al-Fahem area in al-Khader village. It should be noted that al-Khader village residents are continuously exposed to IOF and settlers’ attacks, including levelling lands, uprooting trees and preventing farmers’ access to their lands.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet Bereen, west of Bani Na’iem village, west of Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers handed Fayiz Imraziq al-Faqeer and Isma’il Joudi Burqan notices to stop construction works in their 50-square-meter houses built of bricks and tin plates.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Sunday, 21 June 2020, IOF moved into Khelet Kharoub area in Burqeen village, west of Salfit. They distributed a notice to stop construction works in an agricultural room and a water well, in addition to hanging another notice on an agricultural room’s wall, under the pretext of being in Area C. The room owner, ‘Abed al-Fattah Samarah, said that IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Khelet Kharoub area, where I built an agricultural room and a water well. They also hanged a notice on the wall of an agricultural room built 8 months ago.
  • On Sunday, 21 June 2020, IOF stopped reclaiming agricultural lands and confiscated a bulldozer in Nahaleen village, west of Bethlehem. Hani Fanoun, Deputy of Nahaleen Municipality Mayor, said that IOF moved into Thour al-Za’faran area, south of the village, and stopped reclaiming agricultural lands. They then confiscated a bulldozer working in the land and detained its owner. Fanoun added that IOF threatened Nahaleen Municipality and Palestinian civilians not to return to the area and work on it, under the pretext of being under Israeli sovereignty.
  • On the same day, Israeli bulldozers, under IOF protection, built a new road for Israeli settlers in Nahaleen village. The new road will connect the two settlements “Beitar Illit” and “Gush Etizon”. IOF imposed tight measures on civilians to deny their access to the area. The building of this road will isolate 4 dunums of the village lands from its surrounding in a proactive step to control these lands planted with different types of trees.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 23 June 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Wad al-A’war area, south of Hebron. The military construction vehicles demolished Thair Farah ‘Abed al-Motaleb Ghaith’s 30-square-meter agricultural room, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Zaif area, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers confiscated a 20-square-meter mobile caravan and a diesel fuel dispenser belonging to Ahmed Abu Rajab, who was handed a list of confiscated items to refer to the competent authorities in “Gush Etizon” settlement.
  • At the same time, IOF seized equipment from a blacksmith workshop and raided an automobile repair shop in al-Sawhrah and Abu Dies villages, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem. Activist Mohammed Hijazi said that a large force of IOF moved into al-Sawhrah village and seized equipment from ‘Urwa Ja’afrah’s blacksmith workshop. He added that IOF moved into Abu Dies village, where they raided and searched Nouh Za’atrah’s automobile repair shop.
  • On the same day, IOF demolished Mohammed al-Rajbi’s house in al-Bostan neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • Mohammed al-Rajbi said that IOF accompanied with Israeli Municipality staff raided his house sheltering him, his wife and their 4 children and demolished it with manual machineries, because their construction vehicles could reach the house location. Al-Rajbi added that he built his house in March 2020 and during that period, he received notices to stop construction works. When he lived in the house in May 2020, the Israeli Municipality issued an administrative demolition order against his house. Al-Rajbi also said that he attempted to freeze the demolition order, but in vain. After that, the court gave him until 15 June to vacate the house. Al-Rajbi clarified that his 130-square-meter house costs NIS 100,000, and that he could not self-demolish his house despite the high demolition costs that would be imposed on him after the municipality crews carried out the demolition.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Tawameen area, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers confiscated hand tools used for excavation from Barakat Mahmoud Barakat Mur’s land.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Thaghrah area, east of Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron. IOF raided Khaled Yousef Berighith’s house and confiscated stone pillars. IOF handed Berighith a list of confiscated items and withdrew later.
  • On Tuesday, 23 June 2020, Israeli Municipality staff hanged demolition orders on 2 buildings and a house in Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Hussain Mohamed al-‘Abasi said that the municipality hanged a demolition order on his building comprising of a shop and 2 apartments; the first sheltering 4 persons and building on (75 sqm), and the second sheltering 7 persons and building on (40 sqm). Also, Israeli Municipality staff hanged a demolition order on Sa’ied ‘Ali al-‘Abasi’s 110-square-meter building comprising of 2 floors; each one includes 2 apartments sheltering 16 persons. It should be noted that al-‘Abasi’s building was built 60 years ago. Al-‘Abasi said that the municipality staff informed all the notified buildings’ owners that their houses will be demolished under the pretext of construction without licensing, noting that all buildings were established 25-60 years ago.
  • At approximately 07:30 on Wednesday, 24 June 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Betunia village, west of Ramallah. IOF demolished ‘Abed al-‘Aziz ‘Odah al-Farroukh’s under-construction house (110 sqm), under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C.
  • At approximately 08:00, Israeli Municipality staff demolished a floor comprised of 2 residential apartments in al-Raba’ia neighborhood in al-Mukaber Mount area, south of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Ra’fat Rabai’a, an apartment’s owner, said that he was shocked when the municipality staff raided his house and demolished it, noting that a court session was supposed to be held on afternoon regarding the demolition order. Rabai’a added that the municipality staff used manual machineries to demolish the 3rd He also said that each floor was comprised of 2 apartments and built 25 years ago. He clarified that in April 2020, he repaired the house roof built of bricks, so the municipality issued an order to stop working and appointed a court session. Rabai’a said he his apartment sheltered his family comprising of 5 persons while the 2nd under-construction apartment was for his brother Mohammed.
  • At approximately 09:00, Israeli municipality bulldozes demolished Sharhabeel ‘Alqam’s house in Beit Haninah neighborhood, north of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Alqam said that the municipality staff bulldozed his house, although a court session was supposed to be held at 13:30. He added that his 120-square-meter house, sheltered 9 persons and was built 2 months ago.
  • At approximately 09:15, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Beit Sira village, west of Ramallah. IOF were stationed at the entrance to al-Latroun Street, near a military checkpoint established there. The military construction vehicles demolished Ahmed Fayiz Abu Safia’s under-construction house (90 sqm), under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C. Meanwhile, clashes broke out between Palestinian young men and IOF, who indiscriminately fired a barrage of sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the stone-throwers. As a result, olive trees in the area were set ablaze. The Palestinian civil defense vehicles immediately arrived and put out the fire. It should be noted that Israeli authorities did not notify the mentioned house prior to the demolition.
  • At approximately 09:30, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Bardalah village, west of Jericho in northern Jordan valley. The military construction vehicles bulldozed 84 olive trees from agricultural lands and workers from private companies cut the trees with saws. The damaged trees belong to al-Rabai’a family, and they were as follows:(58) olive trees planted 9 years ago, property of ‘Izzat Faleh Mahmoud Raba’ia, were damaged.
    (13) olive trees planted 12 years ago, property of Mohmoud Faleh Mahmoud Raba’ia, were damaged.
    (7) olive trees planted 12 years ago, property of Hazza’ Faleh Mahmoud Raba’ia, were damaged.
  • At approximately 16:40, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Jabal area in al-Tira neighborhood, southwest of Ramallah. The military construction vehicles demolished Natheer Mohammed’s under-construction house (160 sqm), under the pretext of non-licensing.

ii. Israeli Settler Violence

  • On Friday, 19 June 2020, Israeli settlers beat and pushed Wadee’ Fadi Salah (15), from al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. As a result, he sustained bruises throughout his body and received treatment in Beit Jala Governmental Hospital. Activist Ahmed Salah said the Israeli settlers attacked Salah while staying near his house in Abu Sowd area, west of the village. They chased and pushed him from a great height, causing bruises and wounds throughout his body. He was then taken to a hospital in Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 12:00 on Tuesday, 23 June 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Nahleel” settlement, which is established on Ras Karkar lands, west of Ramallah, attacked Ratib ‘Othman Abu Fikhidah (62) , his son ‘Othman (28) and his grandson Moheeb (18) while present in their agricultural lands in the village outskirts. As a result, they sustained wounds and bruises throughout their bodies and received treatment at Palestine Medical Complex.

PCHR: Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (June 11 – 17, 2020)

Source

June 18, 2020 11:59 PM

Summary

The Israeli forces continued to commit crimes and multi-pronged violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, Israeli Forces’ excessive use of force rendered 9 injuries among Palestinian civilians, including 3 journalists in the West Bank. Additionally, IOF continued home-demolitions in the West Bank, and distribution of demolition and cease-construction notices while it continues land razing for the establishment of settlement-roads, as Israeli occupation authorities prepare to commence its annexation plan of large parts of West Bank territories.

This week, PCHR documented 183 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.

Israeli Forces shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: IOF shot and wounded 9 Palestinians, including 3 journalists, in excessive use of force against them in the West Bank: 5 were shot, including the 3 journalists, in dispersal of Kufur Qaddoum protest in Qalqilia; and 4 in occupied East Jerusalem.

In Gaza, 4 shootings against agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip were reported; and twice against fishing boats sailing in northern Gaza sea. Additionally, Israeli warplanes carried out two missile-attacks on vacant lands in eastern Rafah, and southeastern Gaza.

Israeli Forces incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 74 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 75 Palestinians were arrested, including 16 children and a woman. In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted 1 limited incursion into northern Gaza Strip.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, PCHR documented 7 violations, including;Bethlehem: Palestinian banned access to his land; and lands and walls razed for the establishment of two settlement-roads;East Jerusalem: 1 house self-demolished and another residential building (3-storey) demolished; other demolitions included: 1 residential facility; 7 small commercial facilities; 1 barracks; under-construction apartment and sports center wall;Ramallah: 3 demolition and evacuation notices to civilian houses.

PCHR also documented 8 settler attacks: arson attacks on a car and agriculture lands and assault on a civilian; terror attacks on residential tents, barns, and solar cells destroyed in Nablus; and assaults on civilian houses in Hebron.

Collective punishment policy: IOF took the measures of Nathmi Abu-Baker’s home, from Ya’bad in Jenin, who is imprisoned by IOF allegedly for throwing a stone that killed an Israeli soldier. This move is a prelude to demolishing Abu-Baker’s home which falls under the systematic Israeli collective punishment policy.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: The Gaza Strip continues to suffer the worst blockade in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel. It should be noted that coordination for the travel of patients and others via the crossing have stopped since the Palestinian General Authority for Civil Affairs’ (GACA) work was suspended pursuant to Palestinian President announcement on 19 May 2020 that the State of Palestine and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) are no longer bound by treaties and agreements with the American and Israeli governments and all consequent obligations to such treaties and agreements, including security.

The PA decision was motivated by the annexation plans of over 30% of West Bank area intended by Israel with the support of the current U.S. Administration under President Trump.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

I. Violation of the Right to Life and to Bodily Integrity/Shooting and other Violations:

  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 12 June 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at Kufur Qaddoum village’s lands, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sponge-tipped bullets sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, 5 civilians, including 3 journalists, were shot with rubber bullets in their lower extremities. IOF targeted an ambulance with rubber bullets when it was on its way to rescue the wounded civilians.
  • At approximately 01:30 on the same Friday, a peaceful protest took part from the center of Ni’lin village, west of Ramallah into the annexation wall in Abu Laimoun area, to protest against the Israeli annexation plan to part of the West Bank lands. The protestors chanted slogans to Israeli occupation and condemns IOF crimes against Palestinians. the protestors threw stones at IOF stationed at the annexation wall while the latter fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 15:00 on the same Friday, IOF suppressed a protest called for by Palestinian national factions in al-Zubeidat village, north of Jericho. The protest was organized against the Israeli annexation plan of parts of the West Bank lands and Palestinian northern valleys areas.
    At approximately 16:20, IOF stationed along the border fence, northeast of Beit Hanoun, in northern Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at lands adjacent to the border fence and fired a number of tear gas canisters . As a result, Palestinian shepherds, who were in the area, panicked and left the area fearing for their lives. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 15:15, on Saturday, 13 June 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, in eastern Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at Palestinian shepherds. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on Sunday, 14 June 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of Khan Younis. Palestinian farmers, as a result, of that, panicked and had to leave their lands fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:30 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed at “al-Container” military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, detained Mahmoud Mohammed Taqatqah (26), officer at the Palestinian national security service, when he was returning from his work office in Jericho. IOF attacked Taqatqah, heavily beating him, questioned him before they released him. Eyewitnesses said that Israeli soldiers attacked Taqatqah, who is from Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem after they checked his ID card and recognized the nature of his work. Taqatqah sustained bruises throughout his body.
  • At approximately 13:10 on Monday, 15 June 2020, an Israeli drone fired 2 missiles at an empty land, in eastern al-Shoka village, east of Rafah. No casualties were reported.
  • Ten minutes later, and Israeli drone fired a missile at an open land, east of Johor al-Deek village, southeast of Gaza City. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 05:30 on Tuesday, 16 June 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). Fishermen as a result of that had to sail back fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00 on the same Tuesday, IOF stationed along the border fence, northeast of Bethlehem in northern Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands adjacent to the border fence. As a result, Palestinian shepherds panicked and left the area. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 18:00 on the same Tuesday, an Israeli force reinforced with a number of military SUVs stormed al-Matar neighborhood in Kafer Aqab village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. The soldiers deployed in the neighborhood and raided several commercial shops. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers. The soldiers fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors as clashes erupted in the area. As a result, 5 civilians were wounded; 4 of them were shot with rubber bullets in their lower extremities, and one was wounded after felling on the ground according to Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS)’s crews.
  • At approximately 21:00 on the same Tuesday, IOF stormed al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. The soldiers deployed in the neighborhoods, established checkpoints at the village entrances, prevented civilians from entering or leaving it, and searched vehicles before allowing them to leave the village. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men protested at the entrance to Obeid neighborhood, west of the village and threw stones, fireworks, and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli soldiers. A large Israeli force immediately stormed the neighborhood and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the Palestinian protestors. Confrontations that erupted between the young men and IOF continued for 3 hours. As a result, 2 civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. IOF also arrested Abdullah Ra’fat Mahmoud (16) before they withdrew from the village.
  • At approximately 07:00 on Wednesday, 17 June 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.

II. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 11 June 2020:

  • At midnight, IOF arrested Ahmed Taleb Thiyab (22), from Kafer Qalil village, southeast of Nablus, while he was working in Ariel settlement, northeast of Salfit. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Azoun village, east of Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested a man and child; Zakariya Shbaita Abdul Hamid Shbaita (16), and Ahmed Khaled Sabri Badwan (20).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Rashayda village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Salem Eisaa Rashayda’s (55) house and arrested his son Shaher (30).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Beit Fujjar Municipality, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians including two children; Jebril Nasim Ali Taqatqah (16), Amir Murad Taqatqah (16), and Eissa Mohammed Ayyad al-Harimi (21).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Am’ari refugee camp, south of al-Beira. They raided and searched several houses and threw sound bombs which caused fear among civilians, and arrested Mustafa Abdul Karim Abu Shawish (22).
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint established under Otara’s bridge, north of Ramallah, arrested Mohammed Ramadan al-Haq (26), and Mohammed Ahmed Ibrahim al-Haq (23), from al-Am’ari refugee camp, north of al-Beira.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at Eyal checkpoint, north of Qalqilia, arrested Ibrahim Mo’een Khalil al-Shaikh (22), from ‘Azoun, east of Qalqilia, while passing through the checkpoint.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of al-‘Aqaba village in the northern valley. They stopped the Palestinian vehicles, checked their ID Cards and turned them back after notifying them that these lands have been annexed. Meanwhile, IOF arrested Wajeeh Abdullah Dabk (50), Council Chairman of Tayasir Village; and Mo’ayad Dwaikat (45); and took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint established on the entrance of Kafr Laqf, east of Qalqilia, arrested Ayoub Abdul Latif Odwan (22), from Azoun village, east of Qalqilia.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF stopped and arrested Zayed Mohammed Khudairat (45), from al-Thaheriya village, south of Hebron, on a temporary military checkpoint on the eastern entrance of the village.
  • At approximately 16:30, IOF stationed near “Ma’ale Efraim” settlement established on al-Jaftalk, north of Jericho, arrested Yaser Abdul Karim Khater, from Ein al-Sultan refugee camp, while passing through the checkpoint.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tafouh and Deir al-‘Asal villages in Hebron Governorate, and al-Owja village, northeast of Jericho. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 12 June 2020:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Barqa village, southwest of Nablus. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ammar Ragheb Mohammed Salah (24) and Abdul Qader Sa’eed Salah (24) and arrested them.
    Around the same time, IOF moved into Ezbet Shofa village, east of Tulkarem. They raided and searched Ahmed Zuhair Safarini’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested Mohammed al-Sanjalawi (32), al-Aqsa Mosque’s guard, while working in the mosque’s yard in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to al-Qashla investigation center and released him after a few hours. Eyewitnesses said that al-Sanjalawi was arrested on grounds of interrupting a Jewish-American tourist while recording a video about the Al-Aqsa Mosque to correct some information to her and explained the religious and historical importance of the Mosque for Muslims around the world.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Wad Abu Kabir in Nahalin village, southwest of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Afif Fanoun’s (37) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood, west of al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Abdullah Alaa al-‘Awaiwi’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:30, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint near Jericho, arrested Ahmed Nasr Turkman (24), from Qabatya, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 22:10, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Kaful Hares village, north of Salfit, arrested Khaled Ibrahim Qadous (28), from al-Zaweya village, west of Salfit.
    IOF carried out an incursion in al-Beira. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 13 June 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Wad al-Hurya, the southern area of Hebron. They raided and searched three houses belonging to Na’eem Mahmoud Jabara, Jawad Ayed Jabara, and Zeidan Jabara. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 14:40, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, south of Nablus, arrested Mohammed Salim Zuhd (25), from Salfit.
  • At approximately 16:20, IOF stationed at ‘Annab military checkpoint, east of Tulkarm, arrested Hamza Khairy al-Qabaj (29), from ‘Anabta, east of Tulkarem. Qabaj is a member of the national security forces.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into al-Hara al-Wosta in Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) children; Hamza Waleed al-Nabulsi (16), and his brother Ayoub (14), and their cousin Omar al-Nabulsi (14).

Sunday, 14 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Omar al-Badawna (23), and Osaid al-Dein Abu Shu’aira (17), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Harmala, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ibrahim Wajeeh Atallah’s (23) house and arrested him.
    At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Wadi al-Jouz neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Qasim Mohammed Totah (23), Yousef al-Salti (19), and Mohammed al-Salti (24).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mustafa Mohammed Nayfa (24), and Murad Rabea’ (22), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 11:30, IOF stationed in Salim Court, west of Jenin, north of the occupied West Bank, arrested ‘Ateya Jamal Nabhan (18), from Jenin refugee camp, west of the city. ‘Ateya was heading to his brother Mohammed’s (20) trial who is a medicine student at the Arab American University and arrested since 02 June 2020.
  • In the morning, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint near Barta’a village, southwest of Jenin, north of the occupied West Bank. They arrested Qusai Rabea’ Mer’ai (26), from Kafr Dan, west of Jenin.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF chased a white Skoda jeep with a Palestinian registration plate driven by two unidentified persons, in Faroush Beit Dajn village in the northern valleys, north of the West Bank. IOF stopped them in Jawad Jawdat Hamed’s (48) house yard; they arrested them and confiscated their Jeep, then arrested the house owner. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Hebron and Sa’eer village. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 15 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:20, IOF moved into Betin village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Amjad Kan’an Hamed (22), and Ahmed Yasi Alwan (24), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Barqa village, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Abdul Hameed Mohammed Salah’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Kobr village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Marwan Adeeb al-Barghouthi’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Kafr Ne’ma village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Abed Radwan Abu ‘Aadi and Suhail Jameel Ataya. IOF handed them summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into al-Tour neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians including a child; Jamal Emad al-Za’tari (20), Sari Sami Abu al-Hawa (17), and Mohammed Naji Abu Jum’a (18). al-Za’tari’s family said that the Israeli Intelligence Services and IOF stormed their house and started beaten their son Jamal before arresting him. They also arrested his two brothers Ahmed (22) and Mohammed (25), after heading to al-Maskoubeya police station to check on their brother Jamal. al-Za’tari’s family added that they were surprised to see IOF in their house, so Jamal got out of his room and asked them to not enter the rooms because his mother and sister were alone there. Meanwhile, IOF started beaten, insulting and cursing him, then they hit Jamal’s mother and sister Houzan. It should be mentioned that IOF arrested Jamal without allowing him to wear his shoes, as he was getting ready to go to work.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with two military vehicles and infantry unit moved from Zikim Military Base, northwest of Beit Lahia 50-meters to the west of the border fence. They levelled and combed lands that were previously levelled amidst Israeli sporadic shooting. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Obada Bassam Syam’s (19) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem immediately. When he referred, they investigated with him for hours and extended his arrest until Thursday.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF moved into al-Tour neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ahmed Walid Abu Sbaitan (22), and Mahdi Salim Jwailis (21), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mahmoud Ramadan Obaid (23) and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in al-Maskoubeya police station in west Jerusalem, on the morning of the next day.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Sir village, north of Qalqilia, and Derastya, north of Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 16 June 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ammer, north of Hebron, and stationed in several neighborhoods. They raided and searched four houses and arrested (4) civilians: Waheed Hamdi Abu Maria (52), Mohammed Shehda Slaibi (22), Suliman Jawdat Bahr (21), and Nour Mohammed Slaibi (18).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Younis Arafat Basal’s (44) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hafiz Ibrahim Abu Baker (20), and ‘Amer Abdul Rahman Ba’jawi (20), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Am’ari refugee camp, south of al-Beira. They deployed between civilians’ houses, raided and searched, causing fear among civilians. They raided and searched Hamza Mohammed al-Bis’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF reinforced with two military vehicles moved into southern Hebron. They raided and searched Ra’ed Yaqin al-Jabari’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF severe beaten and assaulted with electric guns, a group of Palestinian civilians, after a quarrel between them and IOF near Bab al-Majles, one of gates of the Al-Aqsa Mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, ended in the arrest of (3) civilians. The arrestees are: Abdul Rahman Ayman al-Bashiti (16), Adham Anwar al-Za’tari (18), and Mohammed Dawoud al-Tiryaki (19).
  • IOF carried out (7) incursions in Bal’in, Burham, al-Tira, Ramallah al-Tahta, and Batn al-Hawa in Ramallah; and Sebastia and Qafr Qalil in Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 17 June 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles into Hebron, and stationed in Wad Abu al-Qamara. They raided and searched two houses and arrested two children: Mustafa Samir al-Zeir (16) and Majdi Fawwaz al-Rajoub (16).
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into Bir Ayoub neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses including the former prisoner Abdul Men’im Mohammed al-A’awar’s (51) house and arrested his wife, Eman Fatafita (46), his son Jibril (19), and for children, Sultan Mahran Shwaiki (15), Amer Walid Syam (17), and his brother Adam (15), and Mahdi Mofid Khadour (15). It should be noted that Emaan Fatata is Mohammed al-A’awar’s mother, who was arrested two years ago, and she was supposed to go with a group of Jerusalemite families to visit her son in prison, especially that they have been deprived visitation rights for more than 4 months. Ms. Fatata’s arrest denied her seeing her son. Additionally, Abdulminem al-A’awar, her husband, has been detained for the past 3 weeks and is under intensive investigation at Maskoubeya center.
  • At approximately 11:00, an undercover unit from the IOF “Mista’arvim” moved into Qabatya, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. The sneaked by two cars carrying Palestinian registration plates and stationed in the western neighborhood. The unit arrested Suliman Adnan Tazazra’a (22) and took him to unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in al-Samoua’ and Hebron. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and Settler Violence in the West Bank

a. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities

  • At approximately 14:00 on Friday, 12 June 2020, IOF prevented Ahmed ‘Obaid al-Hafiz Sawad from completing excavation works conducted in his plot of land in Sha’b al-‘Arab area in Nahaleen village, west of Bethlehem, under the pretext of being under the IOF control. Mayor of Naheleen Municipality, Subhi Zidan, said that IOF moved into the village and stationed in Wad Abu Kbeer and Sha’b al-‘Arab areas amidst firing tear gas canisters and sound bombs. Zaidan clarified that IOF moved into a site , which includes bulldozers and trucks for Sawad, under the pretext of conducting excavations and levelling an area under the Israeli control.
  • On Friday, 12 June 2020, ‘Ali Rabi’ah implemented the Israeli Municipality order and self-demolished his house comprised of 2 under-construction apartments (180 sqm) in Surbaher village, south of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Rabi’ah said that the Israeli Municipality issued a demolition order against his house or the its staff will do so and Rabi’ah will pay the demolition costs estimated at NIS 80,000. He pointed out that his family attempted to license the house, but in vain. He added that his family stated to build this house in March 2019.
  • On Sunday, 14 June 2020, IOF levelled al-Khader village lands, south of Bethlehem. The Wall and Settlement Resistance authority stated that Israeli bulldozers, under the IOF protection, uprooted and damaged dozens of fruitful trees. IOF claimed that lands’ levelling aims to build a new bypass road for settlers.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Monday, 15 June 2020, Israeli construction vehicles demolished a residential building comprised of 3 floors in Ras Shehdad area in Shu’fat camp, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. According to PCHR’s investigations, IOF moved into the area and were deployed on the main street. They then moved into Ras Shehdad neighborhood and imposed a military cordon on the area, in addition to closing the main street. The military construction vehicles demolished ‘Alqam family house comprised of 3 floors, each one includes 2 apartments (160 sqm), and 4 stores belonging to Hasan ‘Alqam and Osama Ahmed ‘Alqam. Hasan ‘Alqam said that the Israeli Municipality staff demolished the house, despite the family’s objection to the Israeli Supreme Court and depositing NIS 40,000, as the demolition took place before the end of the specified period of challenge. ‘Alqam stated that the house was built in the beginning of 2020 and the municipality issued a demolition order against it under the pretext of non-licensing and being near the annexation wall. He pointed out that house sheltered 30 persons, including 18 children.
  • At approximately 17:00 on Monday, 15 June 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Beit Sira village, west of Ramallah, and stationed at the entrance to al-Latroun Street. The Israeli Civil Administration officers distributed demolition notices for 3 houses located near the mentioned street, ordering their owners to evacuate within 4 days, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Tuesday, 16 June 2020, IOF demolished several facilities and walls in Abu Dies and al-Sawahra villages, east of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Former Head of al-‘Aizariyia village Council, Bassam al-Bahar, said that IOF accompanied with military construction vehicles raided al-Quds University in Abu Dies village, where they demolished the eastern wall of its under-construction stadium. The military construction vehicles then moved into al-Sawahra village and demolished Dawoud Salama Shoqirat’s barrack, an under-construction apartment, 7 shops belonging to ‘Abdullah and Tariq al-Sekhi, and under-construction residential facility belonging to ‘Ali Sowan and Mohamed al-A’raj.
  • IOF levelled agricultural lands and demolished retaining walls in al-Makhrour area, west of Bethlehem. The Wall and Settlement Resistance authority stated that IOF bulldozed agricultural lands and retaining walls to build a settlement street on Palestinians’ agricultural lands.

III. b. Israeli Settler Violence

  • At approximately 00:45 on Thursday, 11 June 2020, Israeli settlers attacked the outskirts of Zita Jama’een village, southeast of Nablus. The settlers set Rasheed ‘Ali Mahmoud Hansah’s vehicle ablaze while it was parking in front of his house in Wad area. As a result, the vehicle’s left side and front were set ablaze. The village residents’ neighbors could put out the fire later. The settlers also vandalized Hansah’s house walls with racist slurs.
  • Hanash (50) said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: ” A approximately 00:50 on Thursday, 11 June 2020, while my family and I were asleep in our house, my son Mohamed heard a loud explosion in our house. He immediately headed to the window to see what is happening. He saw my vehicle was set ablaze from the left side. He came immediately to my room and wake me up. We headed to the vehicle to put the fire out and the neighbors helped us. After that, the neighbors told me that they saw racist slurs written on my house walls, so I knew that the settlers did so. I phoned the Palestinian police and the head of the village council and told them what happened.”
  • At approximately 10:30, Israeli settlers, from “Homish” settlement, which is established in al-Qababat area, west of Burqa village, southwest of Nablus, attacked and threw stones at Naseem Mohamed Ameen Hejah (43), a police officer at PA. As a result, he sustained bruises in the left side of his waist and laceration the right leg veins. It should be noted that Hejah was in his plot of land in al-Mosareb area along with his friend Fateem Salah and Fateem’s son, Nasrallah. When they saw the settlers approach, they flee towards the village, but Naseem rolled on the hill and fell on the ground, so the settlers controlled him and threw stones at him. He was then taken to Rafidia Hospital for treatment.
  • On Friday, 12 June 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Kiryat ‘Arba’” settlement, which is established on the Palestinians confiscated lands, east of Hebron, attacked with stones al-Ja’bari family’s houses in Wad al-Hussain area and broke the windows of vehicles parked in the area. The settlers withdrew later and no injuries among civilians were reported.
  • At approximately 10:00, Israeli settlers, from “Sosiya” settlement, which is established on the Palestinians confiscated lands, south of Hebron, moved into Sosiya village and wandered between residential tents. The Palestinian civilians confronted them and forced them to leave.
  • At approximately 18:30 on Friday, 12 June 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Yitzhar” settlement, which is established on Palestinian confiscated lands, southeast of Nablus, set fire to Palestinians’ agricultural lands. As a result, dozens of dunams planted with wheat and olive trees and were set ablaze before putting out the fire.
  • At approximately 22:00, dozens of Israeli settlers gathered at the entrance to Qasrrah village, southeast of Nablus, and on the main street extending from Za’tarah checkpoint to Jericho. They carried out riots on the street until mid-night.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Saturday, 13 June 2020, armed settlers, from “Hafat Ma’oun” settlement, moved into Palestinians’ lands in al-Tawana village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. They attempted to attack Palestinian civilians while present their agricultural lands and cursed at them.
  • At approximately 10:45 on Monday, 15 June 2020, four Israeli vehicles carrying at least 25 settlers moved into al-Fajem area in the central Jordan Valley, southeast of Nablus. The settlers cut the sheds of residential and livestock tents with sharp tools. These tents belong to ‘Atiyia Qasem Bani Muniyia and his brother Zuhir, and their neighbor Basem Bani Jaber. They settlers also damaged 4 solar cells and stole 8 batteries belonging to ‘Atiyia Qasem Bani Muniyia.

Collective Punishment Policy

As part of the collective punishment policy applied by the Israeli forces, against Palestinian families of those accused of carrying out attacks against the IOF and/or settlers, IOF took a measurement of a house belonging to a Palestinian detainee as a prelude to demolish it. According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 15:00 on Thursday, 11 June 2020, IOF raided Nathmi Mahmoud Abu Baker (49)’s house in Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. Abu Baker was accused of dropping a rock on an Israeli soldier’s head and killing him on 12 May 2020. IOF took the house measurements as a prelude to demolish it, noting that the 170-square-meter houses is comprised of 3 floors.

~ PCHR

200 Latin American Jurnos Urge Release of Palestinian Colleagues from “Israeli” Prisons

200 Latin American Jurnos Urge Release of Palestinian Colleagues from “Israeli” Prisons

By Staff, Agencies

Approximately two hundred Latin American journalists and news organizations signed an open letter and sent to the United Nations Commissioner for Human Rights called for the release of Palestinian journalists held in “Israeli” prisons.

The Journalist Support Committee has declared that about twenty journalists have languished in Israeli prisons without charge for years and are victims of torture and abuse.

Below is the letter:

Open letter to the High Commissioner for Human Rights calling for the release of Palestinian prisoners detained in “Israeli” jails

To: Mrs. Michelle Bachelet, High Commissioner for Human Rights.

Subject: Humanitarian request for the release of prisoners detained in “Israeli” jails.

The undersigned Latin American organizations and personalities appeal to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to exert pressure on the “Israeli” authorities for the immediate release of Palestinian journalists imprisoned in “Israeli” jails.

We express our deep concern at the huge and growing spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in “Israel” and the occupied Palestinian territories, and our fear that this situation may affect hundreds of prisoners, including the 19 Palestinian journalists detained in “Israeli” jails.

Palestinian detainees face a death threat from this virus, given that “Israeli” prisons do not guarantee the smallest living conditions, in addition to the medical negligence that has already killed dozens of Palestinian prisoners over the years.

We address our request to the High Commissioner and to all members of the United Nations, for urgent action to be taken in the release of detainees in the context of this deadly pandemic, which can easily violate prison facilities, and in the face of the failure of administrations to adhere to international law, especially the 3rd and 4th Geneva Conventions of 1949, with respect to resolving the situation of Palestinian prisoners and imprisoned journalists.

ماذا قال زاهر الخطيب يوم رفض اتفاق 17 أيار عام 1983؟

رمزي عبد الخالق

كلما مرّت الذكرى المشؤومة لاتفاق 17 أيار يتبادر إلى الأذهان فوراً اسما زاهر الخطيب ونجاح واكيم كونهما النائبين الوحيدين من بين أعضاء مجلس النواب المنتخب عام 1972، اللذين حضرا الجلسة ورفضا الاتفاق، رغم ما قد يستتبع ذلك الرفض يومها من تهديد لحياتهما الشخصية وما قد يطال عائلتيهما من مخاطر وأذى.

لقد آثر الرجلان أن يسجلا موقفهما للتاريخ في وقفة عزّ لم يكن لها نظير بين السياسيّين في تلك الفترة، حيث وافق 65 نائباً على الاتفاق وامتنع 4 عن التصويت وغاب 19 نائباً، فيما تعملق زاهر ونجاح من تحت قبّة البرلمان وتماهيا مع عمالقة المقاومة الذين كانوا يسجلون البطولات في الميدان تباعاً، بدءاً من سوق الخان في حاصبيا حيث انطلقت صواريخ القوميين الاجتماعيين على مستعمرات الجليل في 21 تموز 1982، وأسقطت شعار «سلامة الجليل»، ثم العمليات البطولية في الجبل، (عاليه والرملية وغيرها…) لتأتي العمليات النوعية في بيروت لا سيما عملية «الويمبي» وبطلها القومي الشهيد خالد علوان، وهي العملية المفصلية التي جعلت ضباط العدو وجنوده يولولون راجين أبناء بيروت ألا يطلقوا النار عليهم لأنهم منسحبون، ليبدأ من «الويمبي» زمن اندحار العدو عن عاصمتنا الجميلة بيروت ثمّ عن أرضنا الطيبة في الجبل والجنوب والبقاع الغربي، وصولاً إلى الانتصار الكبير في 25 أيار 2000، والذي نحيي اليوم عيده العشرين.

سمير (@samir_304) | Twitter

كان المقاومَان زاهر الخطيب ونجاح واكيم، كمَن يستشرف الزمن الآتي، كانا على يقين بأنّ هذا الاتفاق لن يعيش، لأنه ولد مشوّهاً وغير قابل للحياة، خاصة أنه يفترض موافقة دول وأطراف لم تشارك في المفاوضات، وتحديداً الدولة السورية التي لم تكتف برفض الاتفاق بل وفّر قائدها الرئيس الراحل حافظ الأسد كلّ سبل الدّعم للمقاومة، ما أدّى إلى إسقاط الاتفاق في أقلّ من عام واحد، حيث، وبعد شهر واحد على انتفاضة 6 شباط 1984، قرّرت الحكومة اللبنانية في 5 آذار 1984 اعتبار الاتفاق «باطلاً» وإلغاء «كلّ ما يمكن أن يكون قد ترتّب عليه من آثار».

هناك بالطبع الكثير من التفاصيل التي يمكن سردها في هذا السياق، لا سيما في ما يخصّ بطولات المقاومين جميعاً، وفي الطليعة الشهداء والاستشهاديون، وحكايات المجد والبذل والعطاء والتضحية بكلّ شيء حتى بالأرواح والدماء التي تجري في العروق، وهي ملك الأمة متى طلبتها وجدتها، وقد حصل هذا بالفعل، وها نحن نحتفل اليوم بعيد التحرير، تحرير لبنان من الاحتلال الصهيوني، وعسى أن نحتفل في يوم لم يعد بعيداً أبداً بتحرير كلّ أرضنا المحتلة في شبعا وكفرشوبا والجولان وفلسطين، كلّ فلسطين…

في هذا الحيّز سنعود إلى ما قاله النائب والوزير السابق زاهر الخطيب في جلسة مجلس النواب التي تمّ فيها إقرار اتفاق 17 أيار السيّئ الذكر… علماً أنّ أصحاب هذا الاتفاق في لبنان لا يزالون إلى اليوم، هم وورثتهم، عند النقطة نفسها التي توهّموا فيها أنهم أخذوا لبنان إلى حيث يريدون هم ومَن خلفهم، ولم يفطنوا بعد إلى أنّ مشروعهم بل المشروع «الإسرائيلي» كله سقط وهُزم وولّى مع رموزه إلى غير رجعة…

في قضايا الشعوب والأوطان، قد لا يحتاج المرء، كثيراً، لكثير من الأدلة والتحليلات ليستخرج الحقّ من الباطل، وليميّز الصحيح من الخطأ، وقد تبدو الأمور في مثل هذه القضايا المصيرية، محدودة في إطار خيارين اثنين لا ثالث لهما:

الخيار الأول: نعم، هو الالتزام بخيار المساومة على الحرية، وطرح الأمور على قاعدة التمييز والمفاضلة، بين السيّئ والأسوأ، أو بين مثالية وواقعية، أو إمكانية واستحالة، هذا خيار تُطرح فيه الأمور بهذا الشكل.

والخيار الآخر: هو خيار التمسك بالحقّ، خيار الالتزام بالقضية العادلة، بالحرية الكاملة غير منقوصة وغير مُجزّأة، لأنّ الذي يمنحك جزءاً من حريتك، هو في ذات الوقت يسلبك الجزء الآخر من هذه الحرية. والحقائق والوقائع التي أثبتها التاريخ، تؤكد أنّ الشعوب التي تدخل مع حكّامها، أو غزاتها، أو مستعمريها، بمساومة على جزء، ولو ضئيل من حريتها، فهي في ذات الوقت وعلى المدى الطويل، توقّع على وثيقة عبوديّتها.

في إطار هذين الخيارين، قد يبدو ما أقول كلاماً جميلاً، ويدخل في باب الخطب الحماسية، والتنظيرات الجميلة والمبادئ الفاضلة، كلّ ذلك قد يعطي هذا الانطباع، ولكنني من منطق علمي وحسب، أجد لهذين الخيارين في النهاية، جذراً موضوعياً علمياً على أساسه أطرح الأمور، وفي ضوئه أحدّد الموقف.

بين المساومة على الحرية، يجد كلّ من هذين المفهومين، معياره العلمي، أساساً في الالتزام بالمنهج الفكري العلمي السياسي الوطني المبدئي، بالمعيار الذي هو معيار الالتزام بالحقيقة الاجتماعية، معيار الالتزام بالحقيقة الإنسانية، في ضوء هذا المعيار، معيار الالتزام والولاء للفكر المنهجي العلمي، وقد لا أكون بحاجة إلى الدخول في التبحُّر، بمضمون الاتفاقية والنصوص، أقول مُسبقاً، قد لا أحتاج إلى قراءة النص لأرفض الاتفاق، وهذا، ليس لأنني من هواة الرفض المُطلق! وليس لأنني، عبثاً، من أصحاب الآراء الجاهزة والأفكار المسبقة والمواقف الجاهزة. لا!

قد لا أحتاج إلى قراءة النص لأرفض الاتفاق، لأنني، علمياً، أرى أنّ أيّ اتفاق في النهاية يأتي دائماً وأبداً حصيلة نسبة القوى القائمة بين الطرفين اللذين يتفقان.

إذن، ليس من موقع الرفض المطلق، أو من قاعدة عدمية، أقول أرفض الاتفاق، إنما أقول إنه جاء حصيلة موازين قوى، هي فعلاً، التي تحدّد في كلّ نص، سواء كان لدستور، أو اتفاق، أن يكرّس النصّ بأحكامه ومضامينه، هي نسبة القوى الفاعلة في هذا المجتمع، بقواه المتصارعة، ليكون دستوراً لصالح هذه الفئة الاجتماعية أو الطبقة أو تلك، وحين يكون نصاً لاتفاق فهو مُسبقاً، سيحدّد حتماً، نسبة موازين القوى لهذه الدولة أو تلك، وبالتالي مضمون النص، سيأتي حتماً ليس حصيلة وفاق، بقدر ما هي علمياً، حصيلة موازين للقوى.

هذا، في ما يختصّ بالجذر الموضوعي لرفض الاتفاق علمياً من حيث المبدأ. أما، ودون التبحُّر بالأسباب القانونية، لا شك أنّ رفض الاتفاق أيضاً، ليس فقط من حيث المبدأ، أو من زاوية علمية، بل من زاوية قانونية ومبدئية ووطنية، يجد مثل هذا الموقف جذره العلمي.

الفكر القانوني له أسسه العلمية، وإلا ماذا يعني في الفقه الحديث وفي القوانين الدولية، أن تُعتَبَر الاتفاقات التي تُبرم في ظلّ الاحتلالات باطلة بُطلاناً مطلقاً، أو قابلة للإبطال من قبل الدولة المقهورة؟ لماذا الفكر القانوني، والذي جاء نتيجة منطق تطوُّر الشعوب، لماذا يُقرّ مثل هذا المبدأ، لو كان هذا القانون لا يجد جذره في ثمار كفاح تطوُّر البشرية والفكر العلمي الذي أنتج الفكر القانوني في مساره؟ لماذا يعتبر الاتفاق قابلاً للإبطال، عندما يُبرَم في ظلّ الاحتلال؟ لأنّ من الطبيعي، أن تكون الدولة مسلوبة الحرية، مُنتقص من إرادتها، مكرهة، ومُفسدٌ، هذا الإكراه المادي أو المعنوي أو العسكري، مكرهٌ لهذه الإرادة، وبالتالي مفسد للرضى الذي هو أحد أهمّ أسباب شروط التعاقد، سواء الشخصي أو الدولي.

بهذا المقياس القانوني، دون أن أعرض وإياكم كلّ وجهات نظر الفقهاء الدوليين الباحثين في القانون الذين أقرّوا بديهيات تأتي لتردّ على تفاسير قانونية راجت في الوسط الشعبي، أجد أنه لا بدّ أن أعرض ولو موجزاً لبعضها، خاصة تلك التي جاءت، مثلاً لتقول إنّ هذا الاتفاق كان تطويراً لقرارات الهدنة وليس إلغاء لها، أو أنّه لا يقيم صلحاً أو سلاماً مع «إسرائيل»، أو أنّه لا يحدّ من الحرية أو ينتقص من السيادة، أو أنّه لا يقرّ مبدأ تطبيع العلاقات… وإلى ما هنالك.

ليس صحيحاً ما رُوِّج، وما أقوله، ليس من عندياتي، جهابذة القانون في هذا المجلس، عندما ناقشوا، داخل اللجان، وكبار المفكرين القانونيّين الذين تقدّموا بدراسات حول هذه الاتفاقية، أكدوا أنها تشكل صلحاً مع «إسرائيل»، لأنه وفق القانون الدولي، مجرّد إنهاء حالة الحرب، لا بدّ وأن تنتهي هذه الاتفاقية بصلح. كبار المفكرين في القانون الدولي أكدوا ذلك، وهنا يمكن العودة إلى الدكتور أبو غيث، الجلبي، الدكتور المجذوب، في دراسات قانونية تتناول هذا الجانب، لا أرى أنّ مهمّتي في هذه الجلسة أن أعرض، تفصيلياً، بدراسة قانونية ما يبرّر رفض هذا الاتفاق، إنما ليس صحيحاً أنّ يُقال إنه ليس معاهدة صلح، وهو معاهدة صلح، وليس صحيحاً أن يُقال إنّ هذا الاتفاق لا يشكل اعترافاً، هذا الاتفاق يشكل اعترافاً بـ «إسرائيل»، لأنّ الاعتراف بدولة ما هو التسليم بوجودها من جانب الدولة المُعترِفة وقبولها كعضو في الجمعية الدولية. وأيضاً لا يمكن القول للحظة من نهار، أنّ هذا الاتفاق لا يُنهي حالة العداء مع «إسرائيل»، أو أنه لا يحدّ من حرية نقد السياسة الصهيونية التوسعية الاستيطانية، وكشف مخاطرها وأطماعها، في لبنان قبل سائر البلدان، والمخاطر التي تطال لبنان، فيما لو قامت تسوية شاملة، هي أكبر بكثير من أن تطال سائر البلدان العربية، لأنّ لبنان شكّل، أولاً وأخيراً، بحكم موقعه وتركيبته، التحدّي الأول للصهيونية، وهو أكثر المتضرّرين (في) حالة عقد صلح مع «إسرائيل» في هذا المجال.

الاتفاق من الزاوية القانونية

عرضاً، أشرتُ إلى بعض البديهيات القانونية، أما من الزاويتين الوطنية والمبدئية، فهو كما يأتي: حتى في ذهن وقناعات أهل الواقعية، حتى في قناعات القابلين بالاتفاق، إنّ هذا الاتفاق لم يعد بوسع أحد من القابلين به، أن يدافع عنه من موقع مبدئي، أو من موقع وطني، بل إنّ الدفاع عنه انتقل من موقع اعتباره انتصاراً سياسياً، أو مكسباً وطنياً، أو موقفاً مبدئياً، انتقل الدفاع عن الاتفاق من هذا الموقع، بعد أن بان حجم التنازلات التي تمسّ وتنتقص من سيادته، وبعد أن باتت القناعة مُطلقة، أنّ هذا الاتفاق كان خيار أهون الشرور، وكانت رغبة، لو لم يكن هناك إكراه لكي نضطر إلى التوقيع عليه، أصبح الدفاع عن هذا الاتفاق، من موقع أنه… عملياً، براغماتياً، يحقق حلاً لا يمكن بالواقع أن نلجأ إلى حلول أخرى!

السؤال الذي تكثّف هنا، هو ذاك الذي يقول إلى أيّ مدى إذن، بصرف النظر عن المقياس العلمي والمقياس القانوني، أو المبدئي أو الوطني، يصبح من حقنا المشروع، عند إجابتنا، عند محاولة محاورتنا لأهل الواقعية، للعمليين، ونريد أن نكون عمليين، عندما نناقشهم، من حقنا المشروع أن نسأل، هل فعلاً وواقعياً، مثل هذا الاتفاق يحقق الانسحاب «الإسرائيلي»؟ إلى أيّ مدى، عملياً، مثل هذا الاتفاق يحقق الانسحاب؟ وإذا كان لا يحقق الانسحاب، ففي أيّ سياق أتى؟ ومن أجل أيّ غاية وُقِّع، أو يطالب بالإبرام عليه؟ وأكثر من ذلك، من سيكون المسؤول؟ من الذي سيتحمَّل في النهاية، المسؤولية السياسية، في حال، أنّ هذا الاتفاق لم يحقق الانسحابات؟ هل صحيح أنّ نهج التفاوض لم يكن لُيثمر أكثر مما أثمر؟

ما هو دور الموقف العربي في إنتاج مثل هذا الاتفاق؟ هل سقطت فعلاً كلّ البدائل؟ هل سقطت المقاومة الشعبية المسلحة أو سقط النهج الذي كان يقودها؟ هل، فعلاً لا يُمكن الإفادة من قرارات المجتمع الدولي ومجلس الأمن؟ هل، فعلاً، لا يشكل مثل هذا الإطار، إطاراً دبلوماسياً ملائماً للذين يريدون التحرير في ظلّ قرارات مجلس الأمن؟

أرى أنّ بحث الاتفاق، لا يمكن إلا أن يتناول هذه المسائل، إذا شئنا فعلاً أن نتحاور، إذا شئنا فعلاً أن نكون مثاليين، إذا شئنا فعلاً أن نكون واقعيين عمليين منطقيين، فنرى سويّة إلى أيّ مدى هذا الاتفاق يحقّق الغاية المرجوّة عملياً وواقعياً بتحقيق الانسحابات.

على السؤال الأول: إنني أدخل مباشرة في الإجابة على هذا السؤال، لأهميته، فهو يكثّف محور هذا الاتفاق ومبرّره.

هل فعلاً يحقّق الانسحاب؟ إنّ السببين الهامّين اللذين يقرّران ضرورة الإجابة على هذا السؤال هما التاليين:

أولاً: اتساع حجم التيار الذي يتوق إلى الخلاص بعد سنوات تسع من الإنهاك والتآكل، بعد الاجتياح الصهيوني الذي دمّر وارتكب المجازر والجرائم، هناك تيّار أصبح توّاقاً في ظلّ الذلّ والتخاذل العربي، أصبح توّاقاً للخلاص بأيّ ثمن، فكان أحد الأسباب.

السبب الثاني: والذي يجب أن لا يُغيَّب عند درس إمكانية تحقّق الانسحابات، في ضوء هذا الاتفاق، هو ضرورة فهم، وإعادة فهم الظروف التاريخية التي هُيّئت من أجل خدمة هذا الاتفاق. بمعنى آخر، منذ اللحظة الأولى التي وُقِّع فيها الاتفاق، بات الانطباع الشامل لدى الناس، وقد أقول لدى معظم الناس: نأمل أن تنسحب سورية كي نخلص من هذه الأزمة.

ومع الأسف، قدّم الإعلام، القابلين بالاتفاق أو المقتنعين بأنه يحقّق انسحاباً، قدّم صيغة الخلاص، مشروطة بالانسحاب السوري. فبات الانطباع الطبيعي المشروع عند المواطن، لم يعد البحث بالاحتلال «الإسرائيلي» والاجتياح، بل باتت المعزوفة التي تتكرّر لدى كلّ الناس: نأمل بأن ينسحب السوريون لأنه ربط مثل هذا الاتفاق كله، بهذا الشرط.

السؤال المطروح: لو سلّمنا جدلاً، علماً، إنني من حيث المبدأ أرفض الاتفاق، لو سلمنا جدلاً بالاعتبارات التي أشرت إليها، لو سلّمنا جدلاً بالمقياس العملي، أنّ سورية، إذا انسحبت يتحقّق الخلاص، فتنسحب «إسرائيل»؟

التساؤل الذي يطرح نفسه، عفواً، وبشكل بديهي، في حال لم تنسحب سورية: من الذي يتحمّل المسؤولية السياسية؟ أكثر من ذلك! دولة رئيس مجلس النواب صرّح بحذر، ومتخوِّفاً من أجل المصلحة الوطنية العليا، (صرّح) أكثر من مرة أنه إذا تمّ انسحاب «إسرائيلي» جزئي حتى الأوّلي، حتى يقول «إنّ هذا ما حذّرنا منه مراراً، فإنّ الاتفاق، يكون قد أضفى صفة الشرعية على الاحتلال «الإسرائيلي» وكان دائماً من المُنذرين الرافضين لمبدأ الانسحاب الجزئي.

في هذه الحالة نعطي الاحتلال صفة شرعية.

السؤال المطروح: من يتحمّل في حال لم تنسحب «إسرائيل» مسؤولية توفير الغطاء لشرعية الاحتلال؟ السؤال الأكبر، أو الأسئلة الكبرى، وهنا شأننا كنواب، أن نتوجّه للسلطة السياسية التي خاضت المفاوضات، نقول: ألم تكن الحكومة على علم مسبق بحدود الموقف السوري؟ رفضه…؟ مدى قبوله إلخ… ألم تكن أميركا تعلم بذلك؟ أكثر من ذلك! إذا كانت أميركا ترى أنّ الاتفاق ليس فقط لا يحقّق الانسحاب، إذا لم تنسحب سورية، فلماذا عجّل لبنان بالتوقيع على هذا الاتفاق؟ وهل (هناك) ثمة غاية أخرى، تبطنها أميركا أو «إسرائيل»، من خلال الحصول على مثل هذا الاتفاق؟ مثل هذا التساؤل يؤدّي بنا إلى التأكيد على ما يلي:

أولاً: نستخلص أنّ الاتفاق الذي عقد بين لبنان و»إسرائيل» بوصاية أميركية، مُعلقاً الانسحاب على توافر إرادة ثالثة ليست طرفاً في الاتفاق، وهي رافضة للانسحاب كما يبدو.

إنّ أميركا كانت على علم مُسبق بالموقف السوري، تبيّنته، طبعاً، من خلال مشاوراتها وتحليلاتها، ومع ذلك دفعت بلبنان، واستجاب لبنان ليوقع على مثل هذا الاتفاق.

لبنان، في النهاية، لا يستطيع فرض إرادته على سورية، «إسرائيل» لا تستطيع حمل سورية على الانسحاب طوعاً، إلا إذا كانت هناك احتمالات أخرى، أميركا تعلن أنها لا تستطيع أن تُكره سورية على الانسحاب، طالما أنّ مجرد التوقيع على الاتفاق لا يحقّق إذن، مجرد التوقيع لا يحقق الانسحابات المرجوة، وتنفيذها يبقى مُعلقاً على إرادة ثالثة ترفض الانسحاب. فلماذا، بالمنطق البراغماتي وقّع الاتفاق وما هي الغاية، في الاستعجال، من التوقيع؟

الجواب: لماذا وقع الاتفاق، في أيّ سياق، ومن أجل أية غاية؟ عندما يكون الطرف في المعادلة «إسرائيل»، حين نتكلم عن أسباب توقيع الاتفاق بالذات، والأهداف التي من أجلها وقع، الإجابة هنا، تصبح مرتبطة وغير منفصلة عن المعطيات التالية:

أولاً: ما هو الدور الذي تطمح إليه «إسرائيل» أصلاً منذ تأسيسها، والذي كان علّة وجودها؟ وما هي الأهداف المباشرة التي خاضت «إسرائيل» حربها في لبنان من أجل تحقيقها؟

صلة الاتفاق مع الشروط التاريخية لولادة «إسرائيل»

وبالتالي، هل كان لتوقيع الاتفاق، في هذه المرحلة بالذات، صلة عضوية مباشرة مع الشروط التاريخية لولادة «إسرائيل» وأطماعها التاريخية في المنطقة التي أشار إليها الزميل الأستاذ لويس أبو شرف؟ في هذا الإطار، تدعيماً للمطامح التاريخية التي أشار إليها زميلي، أقف بكلّ احترام عند ما سبق واستكشفه المرحوم الشيخ موريس الجميّل حول أطماع «إسرائيل» ومدى ارتباط توقيع هذا الاتفاق، في هذه اللحظة، مع الشروط التاريخية لأطماع «إسرائيل».

في دراسة له، عرضتُ مضامينها في جلسة اللجان المشتركة، وفي الجلسة السرية، أرى من واجبي أمام المجلس، منعقداً في هيئته العامة، أن أذكِّر بالأصالة عن نفسي، وبالرؤية العلمية، ومن خلالها، استخرج القانون الذي يؤكّد أنّ «إسرائيل» دفعت، مع أميركا، بلبنان أن يوقع هذا الاتفاق، لا ليُنفَّذ، بل ليشكل ورقة أساسية، تكون محطة في مسار مخطّطها التآمري، وأطماعها التاريخية في المنطقة. في كرّاس له تحت عنوان «مشاريع إسرائيل وسياسة النعامة» في هذه المحاضرة منذ 23 سنة، حول المؤتمر الصهيوني الأول المنعقد في القدس سنة 1947، صفحة 15 من الكراس يقول المرحوم الشيخ موريس الجميّل:

«ارتأى المؤتمر الصهيوني الرأسمالي العالمي المنعقد في القدس، أن يقرّ ضرورة تحمُّل عجز ميزانية دولة إسرائيل، إلى أن تصبح هذه البلاد مُجهَّزة، بحيث تستطيع القيام بدورها كمحطة عالمية لمفترق الطرق، ومستودع لتلقّي البضائع وتوزيعها، كما سيفرضه، حتماً، تقدّم فن النقل ووسائله في العالم.

وطلب المؤتمر الصهيوني من المتموِّلين الكبار، أن يتحمَّلوا عجز دولة إسرائيل إلى ما بعد تجهيز البلد لتأمين الدور المذكور. وعندئذٍ سيستعيضون، أيّ «المتموِّلون»، أضعاف أضعاف ما كانوا قد دفعوه لهذه الدولة، بفضل ما سيجنونه من مرور الصفقات التجارية، والتبادل التجاري والمالي على أرض إسرائيل»، ومن شاء أن يتعمّق في هذه النقطة، يقول الشيخ موريس، بإمكانه أن يراجع «هنري كوستو» في مؤلفه «رجال المال يقودون العالم». ثم ينتقل، دون أن أطيل عليكم إلى مطامع «إسرائيل» في مياه لبنان وأرضه، ويؤكد ما يجري اليوم على ساحة الجنوب من تجهيزات تقنية، طبعاً، هادفة إلى سرقة مياه الليطاني، وهذا ما تردّد على لسان أكثر من مسؤول لبناني، حذّر من مخاطر مثل هذه التجهيزات التي تقوم بها «إسرائيل» هناك.

من هذا المنطلق، يهمّني أن أؤكد أنّ هذا الكرّاس الذي وجدتُه في مكتبة المرحوم أنور الخطيب، أرى أن لو كان الشيخ موريس الجميّل لا يزال حيّاً، وكُتبت له الحياة حتى هذه اللحظة، لكان رفض هذا الاتفاق ورفضه معه أنور الخطيب، لأنهما، أدركا مسبقاً، أنّ لـ «إسرائيل» مطامع، وأنّ هذه المحطة، في هذه المرحلة بالذات، التي نعقد فيها اتفاقاً مع «إسرائيل» يأتي في سياق تحقيق أطماع آنية، في سياق تحقيق مطامع تاريخية، كانت دائماً سبب علّة «إسرائيل» في هذه المنطقة.

هذه حقائق نجد جذورها في رؤية سياسية علمية واضحة، ومن حقنا المشروع، في ضوئها، أن نؤكد أنّ هذه الوثيقة التي وُقّعت في النهاية، لا تحقق الانسحاب، بل تشكل مخرجاً سياسياً للمتفاوضين، يكفي «إسرائيل» أن تحصل على هذا الاتفاق موقّعاً «حبراً على ورق»، لأنها، بهذا الاتفاق، يمكن أن تحقق الأهداف التالية:

أولاً: هذا الاتفاق طالما لم تتحقّق الانسحابات الأخرى، أيّ بعد إبرام الاتفاق، يضفي على وجودها، أو على بقائها، وجوداً شرعياً، هذا الاتفاق يضفي على الاحتلال صفة الشرعية. أكثر من ذلك! يعطي «إسرائيل» صكّ براءة ذمة عن كلّ الجرائم والمجازر التي ارتكبتها. أكثر من ذلك، فهو يكرِّس الاعتراف بدولة «إسرائيل»، بشرعية وجودها، وبالتالي، إذا كانت هذه هي الأهداف التي دفعت أميركا و»إسرائيل» أن تستعجل لبنان بالتوقيع على هذا الاتفاق، عندها (تصبح) مقولة، اجتياح لبنان من أجل تخليصه، أو لتحريره، أو من أجل ضمان سلامة الجليل، أكذوبة، وإلا، لماذا رافق الغزو العسكري، لماذا واكبه تطبيع اقتصادي على الأرض؟ كان محور اهتمامنا في كلّ المرحلة التي سبقت، هذا التطبيع الاقتصادي والاجتماعي والثقافي والإعلامي! حتى (الإعلام) الأميركي الصهيوني الذي كان يُروِّج لمنطق: إما احتلال دائم، أو ثمن ضروري لا بدّ من دفعه، وفي هذا السياق، كان أمام «إسرائيل» خياران أيضاً: إما، فعلاً، الهيمنة الكاملة، وتحقيق أهدافها الاستراتيجية بصلح مع لبنان و»صهينته»، وإما إعادة ترتيب المخطّط الزمني، واعتبار أنّ هذا الاتفاق، ولو كان حبراً على ورق، بحدّ ذاته، يحقق لها أهدافاً آنية، يُضفي معها على الاحتلال شرعية، وهذا ما (تبغيه) «إسرائيل» على الأرض، تستمرّ بالتطبيع، وبحكم هذا الاتفاق، باقية طالما أنّ الانسحابات لم تتحقّق.

أيها الزملاء الكرام، تكريس الاحتلال وتعزيزه في الجنوب، ممارسات الاحتلال، تجلّياته بسعد حداد، الحرس الوطني، اللجان المحليّة، التجهيزات التقنيّة، إلى ذلك وسواها…

الترويج أو التمهيد للانسحاب من الجبل، تفادياً لضغط العمليات التي تشنُّها مجموعات المقاومة الوطنية، تنظيم هجوم سياسي وإعلامي ودبلوماسي يعيد لـ «إسرائيل» الاعتبار الذي فقدته عالمياً إثر غزوها للبنان.

وُقِّع ليشكل مخرجاً سياسياً لـ «إسرائيل»

يعني مثل هذا الاتفاق ليس فقط يردّ الاعتبار لـ «إسرائيل»، بل يعيد التماسك الداخلي، داخل بنية الكيان «الإسرائيلي». عملياً: «نحن خلص اتفقنا مع لبنان»، وبالتالي، كلّ التناقضات التي كانت تهزّ هذا الكيان المصطنع، هذا الاتفاق، يأتي ليحلّ لها، (لإسرائيل)، المشكلة. نعم، هذا الاتفاق لا يحقق الانسحاب، بل وُقِّع ليشكل مخرجاً سياسياً لـ «إسرائيل» وهي مستفيدة منه، حتى لو لم يُنفَّذ، وهي أصلاً وقّعته ولا تريد تنفيذه..

إنّ «إسرائيل» تبغي من هذا الاتفاق، وفق قناعاتي، أن يبقى ورقة سياسية بيدها، طالما أنها على قناعة. وأنا أرى أنّ الحكومة مسؤولة، لأنها خاضت معركة التفاوض والاتفاق، وهي التي تتحمّل المسؤولية السياسية في حال لم تتحقّق الانسحابات.

أنا من شأني، من الموقع اللبناني أقول، كنائب، يا حكومة لبنانية، كان من المفروض أن تعي وتدركي مسبقاً مدى حدود القبول، (أو) الرفض السوري وعلى هذا الأساس تخوضين معركتك. أنا مهمتي كنائب لبناني، أن أجابه السلطة السياسية التي خاضت وتحمّلت مسؤولية التفاوض. شأن سورية وسواها شأن عربي.

إذن هذا الاتفاق لا يحقق الانسحاب ووقع ليشكل منفَذاً، في النهاية، حتى على هذا المستوى، لـ «إسرائيل» ويعطيها «صك براة ذمة» وتبريراً وشرعية لوجودها أو بقائها في سياق تحقيق أهداف آنية وتاريخية استراتيجية.

هل كان يمكن لهذا النهج من التفاوض، أو للتفاوض، أن يثمر أفضل مما أثمر؟ هل كان يمكن أن يكون بالإمكان أفضل مما كان؟ مثل هذه المقولة التي تتردّد: ما هو دور الموقف العربي في نتاج مثل هذا الاتفاق؟ أنا، برأيي، لا يمكن، فعلاً، الإجابة على هذين السؤالين: مدى ما يمكن أن يثمره نهج التفاوض، أو مسؤولية الموقف العربي، الذي ساهم في إنتاج مثل هذا الاتفاق، يقتضي تثبيت حقيقتين (نذكر بهما):

1

ـ موازين القوى هي في النهاية التي تحدّد حصيلة التفاوض.

2

ـ إنّ تكريس مبدأ المفاوضات، على هذه القاعدة، يشكل أحد أهداف «إسرائيل». يعني:

اسمحوا لي، بكلّ صدق، أن أعيد بعض ما سبق وأكدناه في حوارنا داخل اللجان، أو ما سبق وأعلنّاه، حول مبدأ رفضنا للتفاوض كنهج. وكان مبرّر رفض مبدأ التفاوض، أساسه، أيضاً، موقف علمي مسبق، وليس (موقفاً عدمياً أو سلبياً) بالمطلق. يعني للذين يقولون بمبدأ التفاوض، أنا أقول إنّ الشعوب في تاريخها تعرّفت على المفاوضات عندما احتُلّت، أو غُزيت في عقر دارها. هذا ليس بدعة في تاريخ الشعوب. التفاوض كحقيقة، أثبتتها وظهرت في التاريخ، يعني على سبيل المثل، الشعب الفيتنامي تفاوض مع الأميركيين، التقى في باريس 1968، على طاولة المفاوضات مع أعدائه.

هنا (إزاء) مبدأ التفاوض، قد يقول (ثمة) قائل: لماذا أنت، أيها اللبناني، ترفض مبدأ التفاوض مع عدوك «الإسرائيلي»، وتقرّ مبدأ التفاوض الذي خاضه الفيتنام، مثلاً؟

مشروع مثل هذا السؤال، أو مثل هذا التفاوض جرى أيضاً في سياق الثورات الأخرى. ولكن السؤال المطروح بأيّ أفق كان يُخاض التفاوض؟

عندما التقت، مثلاً، في التاريخ، وزيرة الخارجية الفيتنامية مع فيليب حبيب، آتي بهذا المثل لأنّ المفاوض يومها عن الأمريكيين كان فيليب حبيب! قالت له: في كلّ مفاوضات يجب أن يملك أحد الطرفين ورقة، أنت تملك حقّ الانسحاب، وتمكيني من استعادة سيادتي على بلادي. وأنا أملك حقّ أن أترك لجنودك الانسحاب بسلام، وعندما أستردّ سيادة بلادي وسيادتي على وطني. يعني، عندما كانت هذه المفاوضات تتمّ على الأرض، كان هناك شعار أساسي: قاوموا الاحتلال، وبالتالي لا بأس عندها عندما تأتون إلى طاولة المفاوضات، شرط أن يكون التفاوض يُخاض تحت شعار التحرير الشامل، ودون تقديم أيّ تنازلات مبدئية على السيادة والاستقلال.

من حيث مبدأ التفاوض، لم أعطِ مثلاً حركة المقاومة الفلسطينية، ولا الأنظمة العربية التي خاضت «حروب»، لا…

سبق وقال الزميل الأستاذ لويس أبو شرف ماذا أنتجت الحروب؟ لكي يخلص طبعاً بنتيجة أنّ الحروب لا تأتي (نتيجة) يعني في التاريخ هناك حروب عادلة خيضت بأفق التحرير الشامل، وهناك حروب أنتجت هزائم. من الحروب التي أنتجت هزائم طوال 35 سنة هي الحروب التي خاضتها إما الأنظمة، أو قيادة حركة المقاومة الفلسطينية، لماذا؟ لأنّ الحروب كانت تُخاض في إطار تحسين الموقع التفاوضي، مع التسليم سلفاً، والقبول مسبقاً، بالحلّ السلمي، والانخراط بمؤامرة التسوية السلمية، كحلّ للنزاع العربي ـ الصهيوني. يعني لم تخض المفاوضات ولم تخض الحروب العربية، بأفق التحرير الشامل كما خيضت لدى المقاومة الفرنسية عندما جابهت المحتلّ النازي، أو (الفيتناميين) أو (الكوبيين)، وهذا مقاس استخرجه من التاريخ، ولا يعني مطلقاً، أنني أصبحت كوبياً أو فيتنامياً أو فرنسياً عندما أقول لا، لم تسقط المقاومة الشعبية المسلحة، إنما الذي سقط هو النهج السياسي الذي قاد هذه المقاومة على أرضية القبول مسبقاً بـ «جنيف»، وعلى أرضية القبول مُسبقاً بأنّ الحرب التي نخوضها ليست حرب تحرير، بل حرب تحريك لتحسين الموقع التفاوضي، من أجل حلّ المشكلة، لا على أساس تحرير شامل، ولكن على أساس تحسين موقع تفاوضي… هذه حقائق يجب قولها، لأنه لا يجوز الانتقاص من شهادات ودماء لأبطال يستشهدون وهم يقاتلون المحتلّ. إنّ الطعن بالمقاومين الفرنسيين الذين تحدّوا «المحتلّ النازي» والمقاومين اللبنانيين الذين تصدّوا للمحتلّ الصهيوني، هؤلاء، لا يجوز أن يطعن بدمائهم أو شهادتهم، هؤلاء كان يمكن أن يحتضنوا، فيما لو تمّ التنسيق بين العمل الثوري، بين العمل المسلح، بين عمل الكفاح الشعبي المسلح، وبين الأطر الديبلوماسية تنسق كلّ واحدة في ما بينها تماماً، كما تمّ التنسيق لدى الشعوب المكافحة، ما بين العمل الدبلوماسي وما بين العمل الشعبي المسلح.

إنني من موقع الوفاء، للشهداء الذين سقطوا في الحروب التي خيضت بأفق وشعارات ليست غايتها التحرير الشامل.

إنني من موقع الوفاء لجماهير شعبنا في لبنان وفي ساحة الوطن العربي. من موقع هذا الوفاء أقول، إنّ المجابهة الشعبية المسلحة لم تسقط، ولكن الذي سقط هو النهج الذي ساد، من جهة حركة التحرُّر العربي، أو من جهة ثانية الأنظمة العربية.

من هذا الموقع أختم قائلاً: أنه، لمن يريدون التحرير في ظلّ قرارات المجتمع الدولي وقرارات مجلس الأمن، تبقى مثل هذه القرارات ومثل هذا الإطار صالحاً. أما أن تأتي «إسرائيل» لتموّل المقاومة، فهذه مقولة خاطئة باعتقادي كثيراً! لم تكن النازية لتموِّل المقاومة الفرنسية، ولم يكن الأميركيون ليموِّلوا المقاومة الفيتنامية! ولم تكن للحظة من نهار، «إسرائيل» لتموِّل الأبطال المقاومين الذين يتصدّون للاحتلال الصهيوني، وهي لن تسعى إلى تمويلهم، لأنّ الذين يقاتلون اليوم، هم الذين دفنوا في صبرا وشاتيلا كلّ التنظيرات وكلّ المساومات، وكلّ الأفكار البالية، وكلّ الايديولوجيات التي أدّت إلى توليد هذا الاتفاق، هذا النهج الذي أدّى إلى توليد هذا الاتفاق، كما سبق وولّد اتفاق «كامب دايفيد».

لا ذاك الاتفاق كان صاعقة في سماء صافية، ولا هذا الاتفاق جاء صاعقة في سماء صافية. إنه نهج سياسي ساد في الساحة مدة 30 – 35 سنة، وهو الذي ولّد هذه الاتفاقيات ولم تتمّ، والتي تنتقل بنا من انهيار إلى انهيار، ومن انتكاسة إلى انتكاسة.

إنّ الالتزام بالمقاييس الصحيحة، التي التزمت بها شعوب الأرض منذ بدء التاريخ، في مجابهتها للمحتلين، حقيقة تاريخية لا يمكن نقضها، لا يمكن رفضها، لا يمكن إدارة الظهر لتجارب الشعوب التي جابهت المحتلين. هذه حقيقة، ولكن لها شروطها: شروط عدم المهادنة والمساومة، عدم تحويل العمل السياسي إلى عمل ارتزاقي، عدم الطعن بالجماهير والإساءة إليها. وإنما كما سبق وأكدت، منذ اللحظة الأولى التي خيضت فيها المفاوضات: إننا معنيون كلنا، ولا يظننّ أحد أنّ مهمة التحرير في لبنان، هي وقف على المجلس النيابي. قلت ذلك وأكرّر، إنها مهمة تاريخية يقع عبئها على كلّ الشعب اللبناني، بجميع فئاته أن تتنظم طاقاته في إطار برنامج يوفّر مستلزمات الصمود، ويخوض معركة التحرير بأفق التحرير الشامل. من هذا المنطلق، جاءت لتؤكد صحة هذه المقولة، الإحصائيات التي نسمعها بلسان «إسرائيل»: خمسمئة قتيل «إسرائيلي» وثلاثة آلاف جريح.

ما يهزُّ الكيان الصهيوني، اليوم، أمرٌ لم تتمكن المقاومة الفلسطينية أن تحققه منذ 1965 حتى 1982. وهنا، لا طعناً بمبدأ المقاومة، ولا طعناً بالفداء فهو أشرف ما يمكن أن يكون في حياة الإنسان، وإنما طعن، نعم بالنهج الارتزاقي المرتبط الذي قاد هؤلاء المناضلين، والذي أجهض الثورة وأجهض إمكانية التحرير…

اسمحوا لي إذن، باسم شعبنا وباسم المقاومين الرافضين للاحتلال، باسم الصامدين والمتصدّين، وباسم المعتقلين في «أنصار» وفي سجون وأقبية «إسرائيل».. باسم عذابات جماهير شعبنا والأمهات الثكالى، والأطفال اليتامى..

باسمهم جميعاً، أرفض هذا الاتفاق، وأطلب من المجلس الكريم أن يرفض هذا الاتفاق من أجل لبنان، من أجل شعب لبنان، ومن أجل كرامة الوطن والمصلحة الوطنية العليا…

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Palestine (14 – 20 May 2020)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (14 – 20 May 2020)

Posted by PCHR

14 – 20 May 2020

Palestinian killed in Hebron for alleged attempt to ram Israeli soldiers with his car

  • 11 Palestinian civilians sustained wounds, including a child, in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
  • 11 shootings reported against agricultural lands and 4 times at Palestinian fishing boats in eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 72 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 66 civilians arrested, including 7 children and 2; 1 limited incursion into eastern Gaza
  • 2 houses and residential barracks demolished; and 8 cease-construction notices distributed to 8 houses, and confiscation of lands in the West Bank
  • Settlers attacks in the West Bank: Palestinian child stabbed, 3 civilians assaulted; 70 olive trees cut, and lands razed.
  • IOF established 69 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 17 Palestinians on said checkpoints

Summary

 This week, IOF killed a Palestinian man alleging that he rammed soldiers with his car in Hebron; and continued its attacks on Yabad village, arresting civilians in a manifestation of the Israeli collective punishment policy. Furthermore, this week witnessed increased settler attack, as settlers stabbed a boy, razed lands and cut olive trees.

This week, PCHR documented 174 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.  The restrictions imposed under the state of emergency have hindered our fieldwork team’s ability to cover all incidents in the oPt and were forced to collect information via phone from trusted local sources. As such, this report is an incomprehensive record of Israeli violations of human rights against Palestinians in the oPt, as IOF continues its attacks against civilians despite the exceptional circumstances that have overcome the whole world in the face of a life-threatening viral pandemic.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: IOF shot and wounded 11 Palestinian civilians in excessive use of force; 2 fishermen at northern Gaza sea; 3 during suppression of civilian protest in Nablus; 3 in occupied East Jerusalem; a child in Hebron and 2 in Jericho and Yabad village in Jenin.

In Gaza, 11 shootings against agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip were reported, as well as 4 shootings during Israeli naval forces chasing of Palestinian fishing boats at Gaza sea.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 72 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 66 Palestinians were arrested, including 7 children and 2 women. IOF maintained its collective punishment practices in Yabad village, southwest of Jenin, conducting 7 raids and arresting 12 civilians, including a mother and her daughter who were arrested twice.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Buraij refugee camp, central Gaza Strip.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 7 violations, including: scheme to confiscate dozens of dunums of Palestinians’ agricultural lands, southwest of Jenin, for the expansion of a settlement and establishment of resort for settlers. A barracks was destroyed, a barn and a well in the Jordan Valley; a residential barracks and 3 cattle-raising tents in eastern Ramallah; notice to halt construction at 8 houses and an agricultural room; two houses demolished and an agricultural room in Bethlehem; notice to halt work in an agricultural land in Salfit and a cottage confiscated in Hebron.

PCHR also documented 10 settler attacks: throwing stone and assaulting a civilian, 30 olive trees cut, lands set on fire in Nablus; lands razed in the Jordan Valley; 40 olive trees cut in Bethlehem; Palestinian car sabotaged in Ramallah; child stabbed in eastern Jerusalem; 15 dunums of land razed in Tulkarm; assault on a civilian and his child in Hebron.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 06:00 on Thursday, 14, May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 3 nautical mils). Israeli gunboats also fired a number of artillery shells in the vicinity of the fishing boats. The attack continued until 09:00 on the same day. The attack caused fear among other fishermen who sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on the same Thursday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds. As a result, the shepherds had to leave the area fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:30 on the same Thursday, Israeli soldiers stationed at military checkpoint established at Beit ‘Awa village’s entrance, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron, fired live bullets at a vehicle, claiming that its driver carried out a run-over attack against a soldier, who was near a military watchtower, and wounding him as stated by the Israeli army. the shooting resulted in the injury of the vehicle driver, Baha’a Eden Mohammed Abdullah ‘Awawdah (19) with several live bullets. Israeli authorities declared later the death of Baha’a, who was from Deir Samet village, adjacent to the place of incident, and kept his dead body under their custody. IOF also summoned Baha’s father for investigation in the military watchtower and released him an hour later. IOF did not allow Baha’s father to see his son’s dead body and there was no eyewitnesses to see what really happened at the checkpoint.
  • At approximately 16:30 on the same Thursday, Israeli soldiers stationed along border fence, east of Rafah, opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern al-Shokah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00 on the same Thursday, an Israeli infantry unit moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, deployed between houses and patrolled the streets. A number of Palestinian youngsters gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers. The soldiers chased stone-throwers and indiscriminately fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 16-year-old child was shot with a live bullet in his foot. He was taken to the Governmental Hospital in Hebron. IOF later withdrew from the camp; no arrests or incursions were reported.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Friday, 15 May 2020, IOF reinforced with military vehicles moved into Aqabet Jaber refugee camp, north of Jericho. They raided and searched several houses, 2 of them owned by ‘Ali Na’el Abu al-‘Asal and Yusuf Qatash. Another Israeli force deployed patrolled the camp streets. Dozens of Palestinian young men gathered in the camp streets and threw stones, empty bottles and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli soldiers and the latter responded with rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a 19-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in his foot. Israeli soldiers continued chasing the young men and heavily attacked 3 young men namely: Fathi Mohammed Mo’aiqel, Mohammed Nader Qatash, and Mohammed Hamidat. As a result, the 3 young men sustained minor wounds and they received medical treatment on the field. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 05:30, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip chased and opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 3 nautical miles). IOF also fired live and rubber bullets at a fishing boat. As a result, 2 fishermen, from al-Shati refugee camp, west of Gaza City, namely:
  1. Ahmed Mousa Ramadan Abu ‘Amirah (24), was shot with a rubber bullet in his head; and
  2. Nidal Mousa Ramadan Abu ‘Amirah (38), was shot with several rubber bullets.

Furthermore, the fishing boat’s engine sustained partial damage and 11 fishing nets were lost and damaged.

Fisherman, Nidal Mousa Ramadan Abu ‘Amirah, said to PCHR’s fieldworker: ” At approximately 04:30, my brother Ahmed, my son Mohamed and I headed to the sea in northwest of Beit Lahia for fishing. We sailed at 3 nautical miles (the allowed fishing area). At approximately 05:30, an Israeli gunboat approached us and Israeli naval forces fired live and rubber bullets at us. As a result, my brother Ahmed  sustained a rubber bullet wounds in his head and fainted on the boat board. Also, the fishing boat’s engines sustained damage and stopped working. The Israeli naval forces approached our boat again and damaged a 600-meter-long fishing nets. Fifteen minutes later, a Palestinian fishing boat approached us and helped my bother Ahmed while another fishing boat tied our broken boat and tried to pull it to a safe area. During which, Israeli naval forces targeted our boat again and I sustained metal balls wounds in my left foot and hand. Despite the extreme danger, the fishermen were able to pull us to a safe area. After that, my brother Ahmed was taken to al-Shifa Hospital, where his injuries were classified as moderate.”

  • At approximately 07:40 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah opened fire at Palestinian shepherds. As a result, the shepherds had to leave the area fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00 on the same Friday, on the anniversary of the Nakba Day, a peaceful protest took part from the center of al-Sawiyah village, southeast of Nablus into lands threatened to be confiscated in al-Wad area, north  of al-Sawiyah village, adjacent to Rahalim settlement. The participants raised Palestinian flags, carried a number of olives seedlings to implant them instead of the trees that were uprooted a month ago. The participants were surprised with IOF that deployed in the area and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters to disperse the participants. As a result, 3 Palestinian civilians were wounded. They were taken to the Governmental Hospital in Nablus for medical treatment. The wounded civilians were identified as:
  1. A 54-year-old civilian, from al-Sawiyah village, sustained burns in his hand and bruises throughout his body due to the explosion of a sound bomb;
  2. A 37-year-old  civilian, from Tamoun village, southeast of Tubas, was shot with a rubber bullet in his head; and
  3. A 40-year-old civilian, from al-Sawiyah village, southeast of Nablus, sustained a fracture in his left hand sue to the explosion of a sound bomb.

Furthermore, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas canisters.

  • At approximately 20:00 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers fired several flare bombs in the vicinity of Kherbat Mnaizel, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. As a result, winter cereal crops in a two-donum land belonging to Rashid family caught fire.
  • At approximately 22:30 on the same Friday, a number of Palestinian young men and children protested near an Israeli military border point in al-Jabal area in the center of  Abu Dese village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. The protestors threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli vehicles. As a result, one of the military vehicles caught fire. An Israeli force immediately raided the village, and heavily fired live ammunition and tear gas canisters at the civilians and clashed with them in the area. As a result, 3 civilians were shot with  live bullets in their lower extremities and they were identified as:
  1. Ahmed Abdullah Saleh Khanafsah, was shot with an explosive live bullet  in his hand;
  2. Mohaned Mohammed Jamal al-Kahtib was shot with several live bullets in his thigh; and
  3. Awwad Ali Younis Halabiyah was shot with a live bullet in his thigh. Eyewitnesses said that IOF established a military checkpoint near al-Izariyah village’s entrance, east of occupied Jerusalem. They stopped an ambulance belonging to Palestine Red crescent Society (PPCS) that was transferring 3 of the wounded civilians and deliberately delayed it for 20 minutes before allowing it to move after the wounded civilians’ ID cards were photographed.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Saturday, 16 May 2020, IOF moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed adjacent to UNRWA distribution center. A number of Palestinian young men gathered in the area and threw stones at Israeli armored military vehicles. The soldiers also chased stone-throwers and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of stone throwers suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. No incursions were reported.
  • At approximately 01:25 on the same Saturday, IOF patrolling on Nablus-Ramallah Street, near Beta village’s square, southeast of Nablus, indiscriminately opened fire at a Palestinian civilian riding a motorcycle at the entrance of the abovementioned village. IOF also chased the civilians and arrested him after he fall from his motorcycle taking him to an unknown destination. The arrestee was identified later as: Qais Jihad Helal al-Jaghoub (19), from Beta village.
  • At approximately 08:00 on the same Saturday, 16 May 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:15 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 20:45 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Gaza Valley (Johur al-Deek), southeast of Gaza city, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00 on Sunday, 17 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest if Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). Israeli gunboats also fired a number of flare bombs in the vicinity of the fishing boats. As a result, fishermen panicked and sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:35 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:40 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence. East of al-Maghazi in central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:00 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:20 on Monday, 18 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest if Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:35 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 19:00 on the same Saturday, IOF moved into Aqabet Jaber refugee camp, north of Jericho. They raided and searched a house belonging to Sheikh Shaker Omarah (60), leader at Hamas Movement, and arrested him. When IOF withdrew, clashes erupted between them and Palestinian young men at the camp’s entrance. Israeli heavily soldiers fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 22:00 on Wednesday, 20 May 2020, an artillery shell fired by the Israeli occupation forces stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip, in addition to flare bombs at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.

Continued Attacks on Yabad Village:

IOF continue to attack Yabad village, southwest of Jenin, since Tuesday , 12 May 2020, after an Israeli soldier was killed after being hit with a stone from one of the rooftops. IOF conducted demolitions, arrests and assaults on civilians, closing main and sub-roads with sand berms and cement cubes; and heavily opened fire amidst collective punishment’s tight measures.

In addition to last week’s attacks documented in last week’s report, PCHR documented the following:

  • On Thursday morning, 14 May 2020, IOF raided and searched a number of houses in Yabud village, southwest of Jenin. they arrested 4 civilians, including a child, namely: Khalid Rebhi Mohammed Abu Baker (13), Ala’a Adnan Abu Baker (25), Mohammed Jihad Helmi Abu Baker (22), and Yusuf Qais Amarnah (28).
  • A number of civilians gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at military vehicles stationed in the village. IOF fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 26-year-old civilian was shot with a live bullet in the foot. He was taken to Dr. Kahlil Suleiman Hospital for medical treatment and his injuries were classified as moderate. Furthermore, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • On Friday morning, 15 May 2020, IOF raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 civilians, including a female and her child, who were arrested on Tuesday, 12 May 2020, from their house and released on the same day. The arrestees were identified as Suheilah Mohammed Abu Baker (42), her child Iman Nathmi Abu Baker (12), and Bara’a Bassam al-Sheikh Khalil (19). IOF released Suheilah and her child in the same day evening after they were questioned for several hours.
  • At approximately 06:00 on the same Friday, IOF raided and searched a house belonging to Adnan Yaseen Hamarshah, who suffer an impaired disability, in Yabud village. IOF maltreated the house residents and heavily attacked them by beating them.

According to information received by PCHR from Hamarshah family, IOF reinforced with about 30 to 40 soldiers raided and searched a house owned by Adnan Yaseen Hamarshah (55) in al-Bayarah neighborhood, east of the abovementioned village. The soldiers broke the house’s main door blowing it up and provoked the residents and shouted at them. The soldiers also separated men and women, each in a room. Adnan Hamarhsha, the house owner and a former prisoner and his sons, Anas (20) and Omer (28), who are also former prisoners. Omer has been out of the prison for 2 weeks along with their uncle. The soldiers questioned Anas at the beginning while heavily beaten him as an inspector attempted to strangulate him more than once, which provoked his father, Adnan. Adnan asked the soldiers: why do you act like this” in Jewish language. Israeli soldiers suddenly beaten Adnan with their legs and hands, legs and the rifles’  butt until he bled from his head and fell from his wheelchair into the ground. Adnan’s brother  attempted to help  him, but the soldiers attacked him by heavily beating him. The soldiers withdrew later from the house without offering first aid for Adnan. Palestinian ambulances arrived at the village, and offered first aid for Adnan. He was taken to Dr. Khalil Suleiman Hospital in Jenin for medical treatment. Doctors found out that a large cut in his head that needed 35  stitches.

  • At approximately 10:00 on the same Saturday, 16 May 2020, IOF raided and searched a number of houses in the abovementioned houses. They arrested 3 civilians, including a female and her daughter, who were arrested for the third time, namely: Suheilah Mohammed Abu Baker (42), her daughter Iman Nathmi Mahmoud Abu Baker (12) and Rabah Turkman (19). IOF questioned the detainees and released them later.
  • On Sunday morning, 17 May 2020, IOF raided and searched several houses and arrested Mojahid Majd Amarnah (20) and Nidal Ya’qoub Nafi’at (31).
  • At approximately 03:30 on Tuesday, 19 May 2020, IOF moved into Yabad village, southeast of Jenin. they raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mohammed Qais Amarnah (25) and Abdullah Abdul Rahim Abu Baker (23) and arrested them.
  1. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 14 May 2020:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Shwaika suburb, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Bader Ahmed al-‘Areed’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF stationed at the eastern entrance of Qalqilya, arrested Mohammed Bashar Ju’aidi (40), from Qalqilya. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed at the western entrance of Ezbit al-Tabib, east of Qalqilya, arrested Majdi Majed Hasan Qur’an. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF stationed on a temporary military checkpoint near Arraba, southwest of Jenin, arrested Tha’er Fathi Amarna (32) and Alaa’ Subhi Ali Abu Baker (25), from Ya’bod, southwest of Jenin governorate. IOF took them to unknown destinations.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF stationed at the entrance of Kafr Qadoum village, north of Qalqilya, arrested Aqel Ramzi Aqel (21) and Mousa Abdul Latif Ali (17) and released them later.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint established on the western entrance of Taqoua’ village, east of Bethlehem, arrested Yousef Ali Thawabtah (16) and Mohammed Ra’fat Dereyah (16). IOF took them to unknown destinations.

Friday, 15 May 2020:

  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Obaid village, west of al-Issaweya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Akram Fadi Ali Mustafa (18) and Adnan Obaid (23), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 17:10, , IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Bita village, on Nablus Ramallah street, southeast of Nablus governorate, arrested three civilians and confiscated their private vehicle. IOF took the arrestees to unknown destinations, the arrestees are: Bashar Abdul Karim Mer’ai (30), Islam Hamed al-Jaghoub (25), from Beita village, and Karam Azzam Tayeh (26), from Araq al-Tayeh northwest of Nablus. It should be noted that all of the abovementioned arrestees were former prisoners in the Israeli prisons.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Deir Sharaf and Sebastya in Nablus; al-Shoyoukh and Tarqoumya in Hebron governorate; Badros and al-Mughayar villages in Ramallah. no arrests were reported.

Saturday, 16 May 2020:

  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied east Jerusalem. They raided and searched Majd Salah Derbas’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Aseera al-Shamaleya, northwest of Nablus governorate; al-Laban al-Sharkeya and Ainabous villages southwest of Nablus governorate, and al-Beira. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 17 May 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron Governorate. They raided and searched Eyad Ayman Fayez Abu Alian’s (44) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in al-Salam neighborhood. They raided and searched Motaz Theeb al-Owaiwi’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummer, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Ahmed Abu Maria’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Waleed Hein Mizyen’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Beit Fujjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ammar Mahmoud Thawabta’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 21:50, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on al-Bathan road between Nablus and Tubas, on the northern entrance of Nablus governorate, arrested Omar Abdullah Munya (25), from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus.
  • In the evening hours, The Israeli Minister of Internal Security issued a decision to close “Volunteer for Hope Institution” for 6 months, in charge of working for the PA in Jerusalem, and arrested its director. Ahmed Jalajel, the public information officer of the institution, said that the Israeli intelligence Services stormed the institution office in Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem, and handed them the closure decision which was signed by the Internal Security Minister. Jalajel added that the closure decision is in breach of an agreement law application in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, through implementing activities and work for the PA in Jerusalem. Jalajel confirmed that the institution is providing help for youth, children, women, marginal families, and persons with disabilities for 2 years. The Lawyer Khaldoun Najem said that the Israeli Authorities arrested the director of the institution, Silvia Abu Laban, and took her to al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem for investigation.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Jabara village, south of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 18 May 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF stationed near “Bawabat al-Madrasa” east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip. Dozens of soldiers moved out of the border fence to repair the barbed wire along the border fence.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hadab al-Fawwar village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Wa’d Jamal al-Badawi (19) and Mus’ab Ayed Asfour (22).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Naseem Tayseer al-Titi’s (17) house and took him to where the military vehicles were located. Around the same time, IOF moved into Adam Mohammed Tafesh’s (22) house, and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem. At approximately 04:00, IOF withdrew from the refugee camp along with the arrested child.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hindaza village, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Abbas Shihada al-Ta’mari’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Obaid’s house, they severely beaten and arrested his two sons; Mahmoud (22) and Abdullah (18).
  • At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into al-Tawr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Khaled Abu al-Hawa’s house and arrested his two sons: Ahmed (19) and Yousef (18).
  • At approximately 04:35, IOF moved into Misleya village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested: Ahmed Nabeeh Abu al-Rab (25) and Talal Naser Turkman (22).
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the house of the former prisoner Huthaifa Bader Halabeya’s (34) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Huthaifa was released from the Israeli prisons 5-months ago after his hunger-strike for 67-days as a denial of being administratively detained.
  • In evening hours, IOF stationed at al-Karama crossing between the West Bank and Jordan, arrested Mohammed Ameen Abu Daqqa (22), who’s suffering a kidney cancer, Mohammed is a father of two sons living in Abasan, east of Khan Younis. He was arrested while he was in his way back to the Gaza Strip after receiving treatment in Jordan hospitals for several months.

Abu Daqqa’s brother said to PCHR’s fieldworker that Mohammed left the Gaza Strip through Rafah border crossing to Jordan 9-months ago for treatment. Mohammed was not able to return from Rafah border crossing due to the flight restrictions of the Coronavirus pandemic, so he stayed in Jordan until he got a permit to return to Gaza through al-Karama crossing. He added that his family received a phone call from the Israeli Intelligence Services to inform them that Mohammed was arrested and referred to al-Majdal prison.

  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Kferit village, southwest of Jenin, Talouza, Sebastya in Nablus, and Far’oun village, south of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Thursday, 19 May 2020:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into several neighborhoods in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and handed Hisham Mohammed al-Bashiti (19) and Nidal Bader al-Zughayar (47) summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services. Furthermore, IOF arrested (5) civilians claiming that they were present at the reception of the former prisoner and the activist Nihad Bader Zughayar (42), who was released in 17 May, and banned from entering Jerusalem for 2 weeks. The arrestees are: Ra’ed Bader Zughayar (45), Adham Anwar al-Za’tary (19), Abdullah al-Joulani (19), Mohammed Ahmed al-Joulani (23), and Ahmed Abdullah Abu Ghazalah (51).

It should be noted that IOF released them at approximately 17:00, on bail of (500 NIS) for each and under house arrest until next Friday.

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ali Eyad Jaber’s (18) house and took him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed on the military watchtower established on the main entrance of al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah, arrested Mohammed Khaled Hamada, Ameer Abu Owda, Yazan Abu Owda, and Mohammed Amjad Safi, from al-Jalazoun refugee camp. They were arrested while they were cutting the street adjacent to the military watchtower. IOF took them for investigation inside the watch tower, and released them later.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Deir Samit village, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Baha’ al-Dein Mohammed al-Awawda’s (19) house, who was killed after the IOF shooting him dead on Thursday, 14 May 2020. IOF detained the family in one room and searched the house precisely, then they released and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Thawri neighborhood, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Yehya Mousa al-Daqqaq’s house and arrested his son Mohammed (24), and handed his son Mousa (27) a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Dura al-Qar’a, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Hasan Yaseen Hamdan’s (26) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Hamdan is a former prisoner.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Nassar (32) and Qais (22) al-Barghouthi’s houses and arrested them.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into al-Obaideya village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Qutaiba Mahmoud Khalifa’s (19) hous, while he was out of the house, and arrested his father for several hours to put pressure on Qutaiba to surrender himself. After two hours, Qutaiba surrendered and his father was released.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF arrested Hamza Nimir (41), the guard of al-Aqsa Mosque, while he was inside the mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to one of the investigation centers in the city and released him after several hours.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF arrested Abdullah Waleed Syam (26), after severely beaten him in al-Wad street in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF arrested Ahmed Jawdat al-Shawish (27), while he was present near al-Asbat (Lion’s Gate) one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s gates), after severely beaten him and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Munir Salah al-Basti’s (25) house and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 21:30, IOF moved into al-Tawr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Oday Fadi bu Jum’a’s (16) house and arrested him. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

Wednesday, 20 May 2020:

  • IOF carried out two incursions in al-Fawwar refugee camp and Karza village in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities
  • On Thursday, 14 May 2020, settlements council in northern West Bank declared a plan to confiscate and seize dozens of Palestinians’ agricultural dunums, southwest of Jenin, in favor of expanding a settlement and building a resort for settlers. Based on a statement by the council, it is planning to build a recreation resort on a 37-dunum area near Reihan Settlement, west of Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. The project has been approved by the council’s chairman Yossi Dagan.
  • At approximately 11:00 on the same day, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet Ras al-Ahmar in northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas. The military construction vehicles demolished a barrack, a sheep barn and an artesian water well, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. The IOF’s attacks were as follows:
  1. Saqer ‘Izzat Bani ‘Odah’s 50-square-meter barrack was demolished.
  2.  Suliman Jameel Suliman Bani ‘Odah’s 200-square-meter sheep barn was demolished.
  3. Mowafaq Fakhri Daraghmah’s artesian water well was demolished.

IOF also confiscated 25 water pipes; each one is 8 meters long.

  • At approximately 12:20 on Thursday, 15 May 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Mo’arajat area, south of al-Taiba village in eastern Ramallah. The military construction vehicles demolished a 160-square-meter residential barrack built of tin plates and steel columns, under the pretext of non-licensing. The barrack was sheltering 8 members, including 3 children. IOF also demolished 3 tents used for breeding livestock and confiscated them, under the pretext of non -licensing in Area C. The demolished barrack and tents belong to ‘Eid Fazza’ Ka’abna.
  • On the same day, Israeli authorities notified 8 under-construction houses and 2 agricultural rooms in Nahaleen village, west of Bethlehem, to stop construction works in them, under the pretext of non-licensing. Nahaleen Municipality Mayor, Subhi Zidan, said that the notified houses are located in Khelet al-‘Adas, Tayel and Wadi Salem areas. Among those notified facilities were: Mo’taz Hasan Najajrah’s under-construction house and Mousa Hasan Ghayada and Mohamed Jameel Fanoun’s agricultural rooms. Zidan clarified that Nahaleen village is exposed to a settlement attack, especially during the emergency state to combat coronavirus. The latest of these attacks was the notification of 8 houses, a park and retaining walls in Bakoush area 3 days ago to expand “Gush Etizaon” settlement’s boundaries. Zidan added that there is a settlement institution called “Regavim” that posted a video on its social media pages, saying: “It is following the urban expansion of the Palestinians, and this hinders the annexation plan and other plans that will be conducted in the area.”
  • At approximately 17:00 on Friday, IOF moved into Qattan al-Jami’ area in Dirsitiyia village, north of Salfit. IOF handed Hussain ‘Abed al-Raheem Zaidan a notice to stop cultivating his land, under the pretext of working in Area C and working in an area belongs to “Yakir” settlement. IOF gave Zidan 30 days to remove all plants and return the land to its previous status and ordered him to pay the plants removal’s cost. Zidan said that:” we were returning from Ramllah after spending a holiday and heading to our house in Dirsitiyia village. When we arrived at our house, we saw vehicles entered Qattan al-Jami’ land. I drove my car and headed there to see what happens. Meanwhile, a person, from Qarawet Bani Hassan area, phoned me and informed me that the Israeli Civil Administration officers found him near my plot of land and handed him a notice to remove 80 plants within a month or an Israeli force will do so and I will pay all costs.”
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 18 May 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Beit ‘Aynoun village in northern Hebron. IOF were deployed in the eastern neighborhood of the village while Israeli Civil Administration officers confiscated Hisham Mohamed ‘Eida’s 15-square-meter mobile wooden hut, under the pretext of construction in Area C. It should be noted that Israeli authorities seized ‘Eida family lands 4 years ago and established a mobile settlement outpost on them, overlooking “Kiryat ‘Arba’” settlement.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF demolished 2 houses and an agricultural shed in al-al-Walajah village in western Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Mohamed Harbi Abu Sdoud said that IOF moved into Nab’iet al-Hadafa area and demolished his 50-square-meter house comprised of 2 rooms and their facilities, in addition to his uncle Fakhri ‘Abdullah Abu al-Sdoud’s 80-square-meter-house comprised of 2 stories. It should be noted that IOF demolished Fayiz ‘Abed Rabu’s 80-square-meter agricultural shed.

Israeli Settler Violence

  • At approximately 22:00 on Thursday, 14 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Ytizhar” settlement, which is established on Nablus south-eastern village, hide on a hill adjacent to Yatizah bypass road and threw stones at Palestinians’ vehicles passing on the road. No injuries among Palestinians were reported.
  • On Friday, 15 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from a settlement outpost established on Palestinians’ lands in Abu Qandoul area in northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas, leveled Palestinians lands in the area, connected a 4 km underground water line and placed a water tank on Palestinians’ lands.
  • On Saturday, 16 May 2020, settlers cut dozens of olive trees in Nahaleen village, west of Bethlehem. Deputy of Nahaleen Municipality Mayor, Hani Fanoun, said that settlers, from “Jaf’out” settlement, which is established on Bethlehem southern lands, cut 40 olive trees in Wadi Jamjoum area. These trees belong to the siblings Na’iem, Taha and Yousef ‘Abed al-Rahman Fanoun and Mohamed Yousef Fanoun. It should be noted that Nahaleen village is lately exposed to a settlement attack as many inhabited and under-construction houses, retaining walls, and other facilities were notified.
  • At approximately 14:30 on the same day, Israeli settlers, from “Ytizhar” settlement, which is established on Nablus south-eastern lands, attacked Eyad Fawzi Hasan Hussain (41), from ‘Einabous village, while he was present in the outskirts of the village from the northern side. As a result, Hussain sustained bruises and wounds throughout his body and taken to Rafida Hospital for treatment.
  • At approximately 17:00 on Saturday, 16 May 2020, Mohamed Baseem Mohamed Mostafa Najjar, from Yatma village, southeast of Nablus, found that 30 olive trees were cut and their twigs were broken in his plot of land in Jabal Subaieh area. It should be noted that Jabal Subaieh area is threatened to be confiscated for settlement purposes, and this attack was carried out by the settlers.
  • At approximately 19:20 on Sunday, 17 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from “‘Adi ‘Ad” settlement, which is established in al-Seder Ras al-Shiekh area, northeast of Ramallah, damaged Yazan Faisal ‘Abed al-Kareem Dawabsha (25)’s vehicle. Dawabsah is a dentist from Doma village, southeast of Nablus.
  • At approximately 23:00, an Israeli setter stabbed Mohamed Fadi al-Natsha (17) with a knife while the latter walking on al-Mosrarah street, adjacent to Bab al-‘Amoud area in the central occupied East Jerusalem. As a result, al-Natsha sustained moderate wounds in his neck and received treatment at Hadasa Hospital in West Jerusalem. Based on a statement by the Israeli police, IOF arrested the attacker. Al-Natsha stated that while he was heading to meet his friend on al-Mosrarah street, an Israeli settler chased him and asked him to talk with him several times, but he did not respond and complete walking. He added: ” the settler cursed me, so I stopped to know what he wants. Meanwhile, he pulled me, got his knife out, stabbed me in my neck, and flee”. Al-Natsha said:  I  suffocated and became unable to breathe. I then headed to my friends who were few meters away and told them about what happened with me. We went to a police patrol present in the area and told them about the incident details. They phoned an ambulance, which arrived half an hour later.”
  • At approximately 08:00 on Monday, 18 May 2020, an Israeli settler, under IOF’s protection, leveled 15 dunums planted with olive trees in an area located between ‘Izbet Shofa and Kafa, southeast of Tulkarm, under the pretext of belonging to ” Avni Haivets” settlement, which is established western of the mentioned villages. The land is owned by the heirs of Ahmad ‘Aref and Hamid family, from Shufa and Kafa villages.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Monday, 18 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Ramati Yashai” settlement outpost, which is established on the Palestinian confiscated lands in Tal al-Rimitha neighborhood in central Hebron, attacked Tayseer Hamed Abu ‘Isha, who lives in the settlement outpost. The settlers beat and spat on Abu ‘Isha while he was returning to his house with his son Hitham, noting that IOF were in the area and did not intervene or stop them.
  • At approximately 19:30 on Tuesday, 19 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Rehlim” settlement, which is established on al-Sawiyia village lands in the northern side, southeast of Nablus, burned dozens of Palestinians’ dunums planted with olive trees and wheat in al-Wad area. The Palestinians managed to extinguish the fire later.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods
  • West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 69 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 17 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Tuesday, 19 May 2020, IOF established dozens of temporary checkpoints near occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and inside it. They denied Palestinian worshipers’ access to the city, except for its residents, and prevented them from reviving “Laylat al-Qadr“, a holy night  which coincides with the 27th night of Ramadan at the Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 15 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at al-Tiba village intersection and on a road connecting between Shaqbiyia and Qibiyia villages, northwest of Ramallah.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 14 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints near al-Nashash area and at the entrances to Janata and Taqou’a villages, east of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 15 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints near al-Nashash area and at the entrances to Beit Jala and Beit Fajjar villages.
  • On Saturday, 09 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 14 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Samou’a and al-Dahiriyia village.
  • On Friday, 15 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Hebron, at the entrance to Ethna village and on ‘Oyoun Abu Saif road.
  • On Sunday, 17 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Shayyoukh village and at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Monday, 18 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Ethna and Beit ‘Awaa villages and at the southern entrance to Hebron.
  • On Wednesday, 20 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Hebron and at the entrance to al-Dahiriyia village.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 14 May 2020, IOF closed Surra gate at the southwestern entrance to Nablus, and Madama gate at the southern entrance to the city.
  • On Friday, 15 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint between Madama and ‘Oreef villages, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Saturday, 16 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection of al-Moraba’a village and at the entrance to ‘Orta village, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 17 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of al-Moraba’a village at the southern entrance to Nablus.
  • On Monday, 18 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at Ytizhar intersection at the south-eastern entrance to Nablus, and at al-Moraba’a intersection at the southern entrance to Nablus.
  • On Tuesday, 19 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Asira al-Shamaliyia village, at the northern entrance to Nablus.

Tulkarm:

  • On Saturday, 16 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to ‘Anbata and ‘Izbet Shofa villages.

Salfit:

  • On Saturday, 16 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Kaful Hares and Merda villages, north of the city.
  • On Sunday, 17 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Kaful Hares village, north of the city.

Qalqiliyia:

  • On Sunday, 17 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Jenisafout and ‘Azoun villages, and between al-Nabi Iyyas and Jayyous villages, east of Qalqiliyia.

PCHR: Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (07 – 13 May 2020)

Source

Israeli forces continued to violate Palestinians’ human rights and commit crimes against civilians and their properties, conducting raids into Palestinian cities without regard to the state of emergency declared across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) since 06 March 2020, in the efforts put forward to combat the spread of coronavirus. Military raids are conducted without proper attention to prevention and safety standards to mitigate the risk of transmitting coronavirus to Palestinian territory, as the virus is widespread throughout Israel. PCHR’s concerns over Israeli raids still stand, as those raids undermine preventive measures adopted by the government.

Meanwhile, settlers backed up by Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) continued to seize more civilian property and attack civilians and their property. This week, Israeli forces launched an arrest campaign against prominent Palestinian figures who work for the Palestinian Authority (PA), in a continuation of Israeli systematic efforts to combat the presence and work of the PA in occupied East Jerusalem. PCHR reiterates its concern over the Israeli occupation’s policy of banning any preventive measures by the Palestinian Authority in occupied East Jerusalem, especially that Israel has adopted lenient measures in the city despite its responsibility for it under international law as an occupying power.

This week, the Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) documented 168 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. The restrictions imposed under the state of emergency have hindered our fieldwork team’s ability to cover all incidents in the oPt and were forced to collect information via phone from trusted local sources. As such, this report is an in-comprehensive record of Israeli violations of human rights against Palestinians in the oPt, as IOF continues its attacks against civilians despite the exceptional circumstances that have overcome the whole world in the face of a life-threatening viral pandemic.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: IOF killed Zaid Qaisiya (16) early on Wednesday, 13 May 2020; and wounded 24 Palestinian civilians, including 4 children, in excessive use of force in both the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. The child was killed after he was shot with a live bullet in the head while on the rooftop of his 4-storey home; as a result, he fell to the ground. Additionally, 7 injuries were documented including 4 children, one of whom was arrested, in two raids into al-Fawar refugee camp in Hebron.

In Kufur Qaddoum, IOF suppressed a protest and wounded 6 civilians. One Palestinian was shot and wounded in occupied East Jerusalem as IOF alleged he attempted a stabbing attack. In the Gaza Strip, 4 fishermen were shot and wounded with rubber bullets in two separate incidents in the northern Gaza sea.

Dozens of civilians suffocated due to inhalation of tear-gas fired by IOF during its raids into Palestinian cities. IOF committed 4 shootings against agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip, and 6 shootings were reported against Palestinian fishing boats off the western Gaza Strip shore.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 72 incursions into the West Bank. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, inciting fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 89 Palestinians were arrested, including 19 children, 3 women and a journalist.

The largest number of attacks and arrests were at Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, as up to the writing of this report, IOF continue to raid the village since Tuesday, 12 May 2020, after IOF announced that one of its soldiers were killed after being hit with a stone from one of the rooftops. IOF have since conducted raids, and a large arrest campaign involving entire families, abused the civilian population, closed streets and fired heavy live fire in measures that align with Israel’s collective punishment policy. PCHR documented 34 arrests, including 2 women and 6 children.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted two incursions into eastern Khan Younis and Central Gaza; and arrested 2 fishermen at northern Gaza sea.

Restrictions on Journalistic Work

Israeli Intelligence Services handed Palestine TV correspondent in Jerusalem, Christeen Khaled al-Rinawi (31), a decision signed by the Israeli Public Security Minister, Gilad Erden, extending the closure of Palestine TV’s office in East Jerusalem, and ban its activities in Jerusalem and Israel for six additional months.

Collective Punishment Policy

As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against the families of Palestinians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF demolished Palestinian detainee’s, Qassam Abdul Karim al-Barghouthi family home in Kobar village, north of Ramallah, at dawn on Monday, 11 May 2020.

On Friday, 01 May 2020, IOF Mohamed ‘Alaa Jameel Risha’s (19) family a demolition notice. Risha was arrested and wounded after carrying out a stabbing attack on 28 April 2020 in Kafar Saba city in Israel.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank. PCHR documented 6 violations, including: 5 demolition notices of a house, 3 barracks and a yard in Nablus; 8 notices to halt construction of 8 houses, a park, walls and electric poles in Nahalin village, west of Bethlehem; iron bridges and digging equipment confiscated in Hebron; and a decision to confiscate Ibrahim Mosque lands in Hebron for a project intended to create Jewish majority in the city, by building an elevator, cafeterias and special route to facilitate raids by Jewish persons to the mosque. Additionally, the foundation of an under-construction house was razed in Jericho.

PCHR also documented 5 settler attacks: a raid into al-Gabt area, 30 olive trees destroyed; anti-Arab vandalism in Ramallah; assault on a Palestinian in occupied East Jerusalem; and houses attacked and vandalized, assault on a civilian a theft of his sheep in Nablus; 24 olive trees sabotaged in Qalqilia.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons or goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

1.Violation of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity; Shooting and Other Violations

  • At approximately 08:30 on Friday, 08 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily fired live and rubber bullets at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (2 nautical miles). As a result, 3 fishermen were injured: Majed Fadel Hasan Baker (59), was shot with a rubber bullet in his head, Mohammed Omran Sabri Baker (26), was shot with a rubber bullet in his hand, and Mohammed Suhail Baker (25) sustained bruises as a result of pumping water at the oat. The wounded fishermen were transferred to al-Shifa Hospital for medical treatment.In the same incident, 2 fishing boats were damaged; the first one , property of Hasan Baker, sustained several bullets that damaged it and its engine, while the second boat, property of Sabri Mahmoud Sa’ied Baker, sustained several bullets that damaged it and its engine as well. The fishermen were able to pull the damaged boats. The Israeli naval forces’ shooting and chasing continued until 11:00, causing fear and panic among the fishermen and forcing them to flee.Fisherman Mohamed ‘Imran Sabri, told PCHR’s fieldworker that:”At approximately 05:00, 3 of my brothers and I headed to the sea for fishing by boat. At approximately 09:00, Israeli gunboats chased the boat and opened fire at us. An Israeli gunboat approached the boat, ordered us to take off our clothes, and pumped wastewater at us, noting that we were sailing within the allowed fishing area (less than 3 nautical miles). As a result, I sustained rubber bullet wounds and bruises while the boat’s engine sustained damage and stopped working. The chasing and shooting continued for 3 hours before the fishermen were able to help us and take us to seaport.”
  • At approximately 11:20 on the same Friday, IOF stationed at “Eyal” crossing, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear-gas canisters at them. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 14:30 on the same Friday, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kufur Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated against settlement activities and demanded to open the village’s street, which has been closed since 2003. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear-gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians sustained rubber-coated steel bullet wounds, 2 of them in the head and the 2 others in the back and thigh.
  • At approximately 14:50 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds. As a result, the shepherds had to leave the area fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on the same Friday, IOF closed the main entrance to Aboud village with iron gate. In response, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in the vicinity and threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli soldiers stationed at the village entrance. The soldiers chased the protestors between houses and indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear-gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of protestors suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. Later, IOF withdrew from the village; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 16:50 on Saturday, 09 May 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kufur Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 30-year-old young man was shot with a rubber bullet in his leg and a 21-year-old young man was shot with a rubber bullet in his right hand.
  • At approximately 18:50 on the same Saturday, IOF stationed at the annexation wall, adjacent to Zeta village, north of Tulkarem, fired live bullets at a number of Palestinian workers when they attempted to enter Israel through the wall’s gate. As a result, a 28-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in his right leg. He was transferred to Thabet Thabet Hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 07:00 on Sunday, 10 May 2020, IOF assigned to guard the annexation wall, adjacent to Far’oun village, north of Tulkarem, opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers. As a result, a 50-year-old civilian, from al-Fare’ah refugee camp, south of Tubas, was shot with a live bullet in his left leg. He was taken to Tulkarem Hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 07:50 on the same Sunday, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily fired live and rubber bullets at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). IOF also confiscated the fishing nets of some boats. As a result, fishermen panicked and sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00 on the same Sunday, Israeli soldiers fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at a group of Palestinian youngsters, who were present in Ein al-Deblah area, adjacent to al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron. As a result, 3 children were wounded and one of them was arrested: a 16-year-old child was shot with a live bullet in his left foot. The arrested child was identified as Morad Bassam al-Bayed (12). He was taken to Soroka Medical Center in Israel. No information about al-Bayed’s injury. As a result, of that, Israeli soldiers closed al-Fawar refugee camp’s entrance with an iron gate and banned vehicles’ movement.
  • At approximately 19:30 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the border fence, adjacent to Faroun village, south of Tulkarem, fired live bullets at a number of Palestinian workers when they attempted to enter Israel for work through the wall’s gate. As a result, 3 civilians sustained live bullet wounds in their lower extremities. They were taken to Dr. Thabet Thabet hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Monday, 11 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and sporadically fired live and rubber bullets at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (2 – 4 nautical miles). The attacks continued on and off until 08:00 on the same day. As a result, fishermen panicked and had to sail back to the shore; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 04:20 on Monday, 11 May 2020, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Qifin village, northeast of Tulkarem. They raided and searched Awni Ra’ed Awni Mas’as Ta’mah’s (29) house. They searched the house and arrested Ta’mah. At the same time, IOF raided and searched a house owned by the family of Arqam Riyad Khalid Harshah (25) in the same area. IOF opened fire at Harshah claiming that he attempted to run away. As a result, he was shot and injured with a live bullet in his left foot. IOF also damaged the vehicle of Harshah’s father and broke his cell phone after he quarrelled with the Israeli force. IOF arrested Riyad Harsha before they withdrew from the village. It should be noted that Harshah is a former prisoner.
  • At approximately 08:00 on the same Monday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of al-Fukhari village, adjacent to the border fence; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Tuesday, 12 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and had to sail back to the shore; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:45 on the same Tuesday, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fisherman Nidal Ashraf Mahmoud al-Hessi (24), from Jabalia was shot and injured with a live bullet in his left shoulder when he was on board a fishing boat. Al-Hessi was taken to the Indonesian Hospital for medical treatment and his injury was classified as minor. The attack caused fear among other fishermen who sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:30 on the same Tuesday, Israeli soldiers stationed at Qalediyah military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem, opened fire at Ibrahim Ahmed Balal, from Yatta village, south of Hebron, alleging that he attempted to carry out a stab attack at the checkpoint. As a result, Balal was shot with a live bullet in his abdomen. He was taken to Shaare Zedek Medical Center in West Jerusalem for medical treatment.Israeli media claimed that Balal arrived at the vehicles side at the checkpoint, jumped out of a van and attempted to stab an Israeli guard stationed at the checkpoint with a screwdriver. However, the security guards noticed him and opened fire at him.Association of Prisoners and Ex-Prisoners Affairs said that the health condition of Balal was initially serious, but did improve. The association clarified after its lawyer visited the wounded prisoner that he is currently at Shaare Zedek Medical Center as he sustained a live bullet in his abdomen. The Prisoners’ Association emphasized that the Israeli Magistrates Court in Jerusalem decided to expand the detention of Balal until next Monday, claiming pending investigation.
  • At approximately 19:40, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF that was patrolling near the entrance to Tarmas’iya village, northeast of Ramallah, heavily beat Mohammed Nassar Shehadah (27), from Abu Falah nearby village, by their rifles after they forcibly stepped him out of his vehicle when he was driving back home. As a result, he sustained minor wounds in his head and hand.
  • In a new crime of excessive use of lethal force, on Wednesday, 13 May 2020, IOF killed a Palestinian child and wounded 4 others, including a child, during their incursion to al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron. The child was killed after he was shot with a live bullet in his head when he was at the roof of his 4-storey house, causing his fall on the ground.According to PCHR’s investigation, at approximately 05:20 on Wednesday morning, IOF moved into al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron, using a Palestinian vehicle. They stationed in Jabrin neighborhood and about 20 soldiers stepped out of the military vehicles that immediately left the camp. The soldiers knocked on a number of houses and threatened civilians as they were searching for the family of Anas Ayman Atiya al-Haliqawi (20). The soldiers raided Anas’s house and arrested him.In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers while the latter responded with sound bombs and tear-gas bombs. The young men continued throwing stones. When Israeli soldiers arrived at the main street in the center of the camp, at approximately 05:45, and about 250 meters away, a soldier fired several live bullets at a roof of a 4-storey house, overlooking the main street where child Zaid Fadel Mohammed Qaisiyah (16) and his 2 relatives were watching the incidents. Zaid was shot with a live bullet in his head and fell on the ground. A number of the neighbors arrived after the 2 girls shouted and transferred him via a civilian vehicle to Abu al-HHasan al-Qasem Hospital in Yatta, south of Hebron, where his death was pronounced.In the meantime, clashes increased between stone throwers and Israeli soldiers when the latter withdrew to the east of the camp towards al-Hadab area, adjacent to the camp. Israeli soldiers stationed in al-Jorn area indiscriminately fired live bullets at stone throwers. As a result, 4 civilians, including a child, sustained live bullets throughout their bodies. They were transferred via ambulances belonging to Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS) to al-Ahli Hospital in Hebron and Abu al-Hasan al-Qasem in Yatta. The wounded civilians were as follows: a 19-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in the right and left knees ,a 17-year-old child was shot with a live bullet in his right thigh, causing a femur fracture, a 19-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in the abdomen was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), and a 19-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in the chest and he too was admitted to the ICU in al-Ahli Hospital. Israeli soldiers withdrew from the camp at approximately 06:30, taking with them Anas al-Haliqawi.
  • At approximately 06:30 on Wednesday, 13 May 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, adjacent to the border fence; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:30 on Wednesday, 13 May 2020, , Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen were forced to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00 on the same Wednesday, family of fishermen Mohammed Abdul Razeq Saeed Baker (49) and Mahmoud Aziz Redwan Baker (23) received a phone call from the Israeli Intelligence Service informing them that Mohammed and Mahmoud are under arrest and they were taken to Asqalan investigation center.According to the statement of Thabet Mohammed Abdul Razeq Baker (25), Mohammed’s son: “At approximately 16:00 on Tuesday, 12 May 2020, my father, Mohammed Baker left with fisherman Mahmoud Baker for fishing using a fishing hook and took a boat owned by my father. We later were surprised with a phone call from the Israeli Intelligence Service informing us that my father and Mahmoud were arrested without any other information about how or when they were arrested. It should be noted that the Israeli naval forces chased the boat north of Gaza Strip shore on Tuesday, evening and Wednesday morning.

Continued Attacks on Ya’bad Village

Up to the writing of this report, IOF continue to violate Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, since Tuesday dawn, 12 May 2020, after an Israeli soldier killed when a rock was dropped on his head from a house roof. IOF conducted incursions and large-scale arrests, including whole families; assaulted village residents; closed roads; and heavily opened fire under collective punishment measures.

PCHR documented the arrested of 34 Palestinians, including 2 women and 6 children. According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 03:00 on Tuesday, 12 May 2020, IOF moved into Ya’bad village. Meanwhile, the village residents gathered and confronted them with stones and empty bottles. IOF immediately fired toxic tear-gas canisters, sound bombs, and rubber bullets. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear-gas inhalation and received treatment at the scene. During that, IOF raided and searched houses, from which they arrested 4 civilians, including 2 siblings, and withdrew later. The detainees were identified as: Marseel Lotfi Abu Baker (22), ‘Ali Mohamed Nazmi Abu Baker (21), and the two siblings Yazan (22) and Anas (23) Kamel Abu Shammalah.

At approximately 08:20, IOF declared the death of a soldier when a rock was dropped on his head during its incursion at dawn, into Ya’bad village. IOF moved into the village for the second time amidst heavy fire of live ammunition and sound bombs. A number of Palestinian civilians gathered and threw stones at Israeli vehicles. Clashes erupted between IOF and civilians, as many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. An Israeli force stationed near Asfour family house. IOF claimed that the soldier was standing next to Asfour’s house when he was killed. Therefore, IOF raided and searched the house in addition to many houses in the area and assaulted their inhabitants. At approximately 13:00 on the same day, IOF arrested 15 civilians; 13 of them are members of Asfour family, including 2 women and 6 children. IOF also arrested Haitham Farid Abu Baker (18), Nasser Bassam Abu Baker (18), from their houses, and Ahmed Na’el Farasini (22), from the street (PCHR keeps the names of the arrestees).

During the IOF’s incursion, Palestinian civilians were locked in rooms inside their houses, mainly ‘Asfour family, and subjected to assault and interrogation before being taken to an unknown destination. IOF also arrested Hitham Fareed Abu Baker (18) and Naser Bassam Abu Baker (18) from their homes, and arrested Ahmed Nael Faraseny (22) from the street.

At approximately 19:30, IOF moved into Ya’boud village again and raided houses, including ‘Asfour family house. They closed some sub-roads amidst clashes and heavily firing of live ammunition, tear gas canisters and sound bombs. IOF continued to move into Ya’bad village until Wednesday morning, 13 May 2020. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 12 civilians, most of them are siblings.

2. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 07 May 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Kharas village, west of Hebron. They patrolled the street between civilian’s houses, then they raided and searched Tha’er Aziz Halahla’s (41) house and put him with his family in one room before arresting him. It should be noted that Halahla spent almost about 14-months in the Israeli prisons, and at the end of 2018, he was released after spending 20-months under the administrative detention.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahel village, northwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed Ali Hasan Zuhour’s (39) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in the northern area of the city. They raided and searched Bashar Arafat al-Qawasmah’s (33) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of al-Eizariya village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Tha’er Abdul Naser Nakhleh (30), the Secretary of Fatah movement in al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. IOF took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that Nakleh who was a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons, is a lecturer in political science at al-‘Asriya College, and he currently supervises sterilization, prevention and quarantine of returning workers from Israel, in Jalazoun camp.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Amateen village, north of Qalqilya; Ta’nq and Rummana villages, west of Jenin; Tal and Ma’dama villages, in Nablus governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 08 May 2020:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Ethna village, west of Hebron, and stationed in Wad Risha neighborhood. They raided and searched Nimir Ahmed Abu Juhaisha’s (44) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed near the UNRWA schools in the city. IOF deployed between the civilian’s houses, they raided and searched two of them and arrested two children; Salem Fadi Jawabra (14) and Ayham Jamil Jawabra (16).
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hakam Sary Mohammed Ali’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Shwaika suburb, north of Tulkarem; Azoun village, east of Qalqilia; Tal and Ma’dama villages in Nablus governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 09 May 2020:At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Silwan village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mohammed Mofeed Khadour’s (23) house and arrested him.At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Tawr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched the former prisoner Daniel Zuhair Abu Nasra’s (19) house and arrested him.At approximately 10:00, IOF stationed at Za’tara temporary military checkpoint, southwest of0020 Nablus governorate, arrested Mohammed Dawoud al-Namrouti’s (26) house, from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. IOF took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that al-Namrouti is a student at the American Arab University in Jenin.Around the same time, IOF stationed at one of the temporary military checkpoints on al-Ibrahimi Mosque in the city center of Hebron’s Old City, arrested Haneen Ali Farajallah (20), from Ethna village. IOF claimed that she was in possession of a knife, and she was taken to “Kiryat Arba’” settlement’s investigation center east of the city.IOF carried out (3) incursions in Kufur Qaddoum, north of Qalqilia; Farqoua’a village, northeast of Jenin; and Aqbat Jabr refugee camp, south of Jericho. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 10 May 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Bit Sourik village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Adham Aref Abdul Nabi Qandil’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Qutna village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Wael Mahmoud Abdul Rahman al-Faqih’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF moved into Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the Journalist Anan Eisa Najeeb’s (47) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:45, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on Yetsahar rotary, on the southwestern entry of Nablus. IOF arrested Sameer Jamil Mahmoud Abu Asab (46), from al-Quds street, west of the city, who works with the Palestinian Police. Sameer was driving his own car along with his sister, Fatma Abu Asab (33) and her two daughters; Enas (11 months) and Rafat (6 days), heading to his house to have Iftar with the family. IOF ordered him to turn back because the checkpoint was closed. When he was turning back, he saw a settler’s car behind him, so he asked him to give him a way to reverse, but the Israeli soldier immediately attacked him in his car. IOF took him out of the car and severely beaten him to his head until the blood covered his face, then they threw him on the ground for more than 3 hours. One of the Palestinian civilians who was there took Fatma and her daughters to the family house, while Palestinian military liaison came and took Sameer to Rafidia Governmental Hospital for treatment at approximately 18:30.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mustafa Eyad Ghazala (17) and Mohammed Khaled Sharifa (21), and arrested them.

Monday, 11 May 2020:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into the southern area of Hebron. They raided and searched Jamal Mohammed Banat’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched Firas Zeyad Abu Sunaina’a (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into several neighborhoods in Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians: al-Sheikh Anan Omar Rafiq al-Shami (38), Zaher Arif al-Shishtari (56), a leader at the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and he suffers chronic diseases, Sa’ed Mansour al-Masri (42), and Sultan Mohammed al-Qamari (25).
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved 100-meters to the east of Khuza’a, east of Khan Younis, south of the Gaza Strip. They levelled and combed lands before they were redeployed inside the border fence again after hours.
  • At approximately 09:00, the Israeli Intelligence Services summonsed the Palestine TV correspondent in Jerusalem, Christeen Khaled al-Rinawi (31), via a phone call to refer to al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem. As soon as she arrives, they handed her a decision signed by the Israeli Public Security Minister, Gilad Erden, extending the closure of Palestine TV’s office in East Jerusalem, and ban its activities in Jerusalem and Israel for six more months.It should be noted that al-Rinawi was summonsed 5 times in the last 6 months due to her work as a correspondent at Palestine TV in Jerusalem. Furthermore, on 20 November 2019, the Israeli Authorities closed the office of Palestine TV in al-Sawana neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and arrested the Palestine TV’s staff, then they handed them a decision of banning them from working inside the occupied Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Anas Mohammed Abu al-Hums (24), while passing through Street No.1 in the central occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Silwan in the south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched dozens of houses and arrested (13) civilians including 4 children after they severely beaten them, then they took them to “Salah al-Deen Street” police station to investigate with them in charge of “throwing stones and fireworks”. The arrestees are: Mohammed Abdullah Abu Nab (22), Omar Jamil al-Zughul (16), Ahmed Hammoud Shuyat (17), Yazan Hamed Jaber (22), Ameer Jawad Jaber (17), Ali Eyad Jaber, Mohammed Omar Mattar (23), Ameer Omar Mattar, Wissam Sa’eed al-Karaki (26), Muntaser Nidal Abu Nab (18), Ameer Abdul Rahman (16), Dawoud Nidal al-Taweel, and Qusai Wael Abu Nab (19).
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southwest of Nablus, arrested Tamer (33) and his brother Nayef Khaled Nayef (31), from Kafr Qalil, southeast of Nablus. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Azmout and Sabastia in Nablus, Birzeit and Burham, north of Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

3. Collective Punishment PolicyAs part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against the Palestinians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, on Monday, at dawn, 11 May 2020, Israeli occupation forces (IOF) demolished a house belonging to Palestinian detainee, Qassam Abdul Karim al-Barghouthi in Kobar village, north of Ramallah.

According to investigation conducted by the Palestinian Centre for Human rights (PCHR), IOF reinforced with more than 25 military SUVs, armored personnel carriers, and a bulldozer, moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They stepped out of their military vehicles, deployed in the village streets and between houses, topped houses’ roofs, and closed the entrance leading to the house of Palestinian detainee, Qassam Abdul Karim al-Barghouthi (26) and indiscriminately fired tear-gas canisters in the village neighborhoods. Large number of Israeli forces raided the above-mentioned house to implement the demolition decision received by the family on 11 February 2020. IOF accuses al-Barghouthi, who has been detained since 26 August 2019, of participation in bombing attack that occurred in “Ein Bubin” area, adjacent to Deir Bzai’a village, west of Ramallah on 24 August 2019, which caused the killing of an Israeli female soldiers and wounding her father and brother.

At approximately 03:30 at dawn, IOF started demolishing the 2-story house, which was built on an area of 180 square meters where al-Barghouthi and his parents and brother lived. IOF completely demolished the upper floor and caused cracks in the lower floor. At approximately 05:40 on the same day, IOF withdrew of the village amidst heavily firing tear gas canisters. Clashes erupted between IOF and Palestinian young men; no casualties were reported.

It should be noted that IOF raided the al-Barghouthi’s house on 02 January 2020, in which they searched the house in barbarian way and damaged its contents. Also, the engineering unit took the house measurements and made holes in the internal walls in order to demolish it. IOF also raided the house before on 07 November 2019.

4. Settlement Expansion and Settler Violence in the West Bank

a. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities

  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 11 May 2020, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Sahel area, south of Salem village, northeast of Nablus. The Israeli Civil Administration officers hanged 4 demolition notices on an under-construction house and 3 barracks, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C. The notified facilities belong to:1. Nadeem Rabeeh Rohi Ishteih: a 250-square-meter barrack.
    2. ‘Abed al-Men’iem Rohi Hamed Ishteih: a 200-square-meter barrack.
    3. Mubarak Fayiz Ishteih: a 300-square-meter barrack.
    4. Saif al-Deen Ghaleb Mohamed Ishteih: a 170-square-meter under-construction house.
  • Around the same time, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Dowar area, south of Hewarah village, southeast of Nablus. The Israeli Civil Administration officers handed Ra’oul Lotfi Mousa a notice to stop levelling a yard located near his shops, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C.
  • On Monday, 11 May 2020, Israeli authorities ordered the halt of construction of 8 houses, a park, retaining walls, and electric utility poles in Nahaleen village, west of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Deputy of Nahaleen Municipality Mayor, Hani Fanoun, said that IOF notified to stop working in 8 inhabited houses and other under-construction houses in Bakous area, south of the village. He clarified that the inhabited houses belong to: Mahmoud ‘Abdullah Najajrah (3 storey), ‘Esam Mahmoud Shakarnah (1 storey), and Amjad Yousef Ghayada (1 sotrey); while the under-construction houses belong to: Lotfi Fares Najajrah, Hazza’ As’ad Najajrah, ‘Adel Rateb Najajrah, Hisham Na’iem Shakarnah, and Diad Isma’il Shakarnah (1 storey). Also, Saleem Rashad Najajrah and Saber Mahmoud Mostafa’s retaining walls and electric utility poles were notified. It should be noted that, Israeli authorities have lately increased the policy of lands’ confiscation and seizure in Nahaleen village in favor of settlement expansion, as the village is surrounded by several settlements and 90% of its lands are classified as Area C, according to Oslo Accords.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Farsh al-Hawa area in western Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers confiscated Sarhan Naser al-Deen’s excavation tools used for reclaiming his agricultural land, under the pretext of working in Area C.
  • On Tuesday, 12 May 2020, the office of the Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories (COGAT) issued a decision to seize Palestinian land near Ibrahimi Mosque for establishing an elevator and a ramp for the illegal settlers to reach the mosque. This comes upon instructions issued by the Israeli Defense Minister, Naftali Bennett, on 04 May 2020, stressing the need to complete the project within 60 days. The project includes the construction of a parking lot, an elevator, and a ramp for the illegal settlers who storm the mosque. According to Israeli media, COGAT has informed the Hebron’s municipality and the PA about the Civil Administration’s intent to push forward with plans for the project and complete it within 60 days. The project had previously been approved by the Israeli judicial system, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, and Foreign Minister Yisrael Katz. This settlement project threatens to seize historic facilities near al-Ibrahimi Mosque and withdraw the building and planning power from Hebron’s municipality and grant it to the Israeli Civil Administration.
  • On Wednesday, 13 May 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Fasayel village, north of Jericho. IOF were deployed in the village while military construction vehicles demolished 160-square-meter under-construction house foundations. Also, Israeli Civil Administration officers dismantled Suliman Musallam Sawarka’s 160-square-meter barrack used for breeding livestock, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C.

b. Israeli Settler Violence

  • At approximately 21:00 on Thursday, 07 May 2020, at least 8 Israeli settlers, from “Hlmish” settlement, which is established on the north-western lands of Ramallah, moved into al-Ghibt area in the outskirt of Um Safa village, northwest of the city. Palestinian young men confronted the settlers and threw stones at them before their withdrawal and no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Thursday, 07 May 2020, an Israeli settler beat a bus driver, Montaser Ahmed ‘Issa (23), with a stick and unleashed his dog at him while ‘Issa’s bus was stopping in a bus station near “Pisgat Zeev” settlement, which is established on Beit Haninah village’s lands, north of occupied East Jerusalem. As a result, he sustained serious wounds throughout his body. ‘Issa said that while he was stopping in a buse station adjacent to“Pisgat Zeev” settlement, Israeli man and woman got into the bus with a dog. ‘Issa asked the man to step the dog out of the bus because he would be held accountable.‘Issa added: ” the man cursed me and beat me with a broomstick used for cleaning the bus. I attempted to flee, but the man unleashed his dog at me, causing serious wounds throughout my body”. ‘Issa clarified that he asked security officers staying in the bus station to help him, but in vain. The man stole ‘Issa’s cell phone and money. Issa’s friend helped him and phoned the ambulance, which took him to the hospital. ‘Issa fainted while he was on his way to the hospital, where he received treatment.
  • On Friday, 08 May 2020, at least 15 Israeli settlers, from “Shillo” settlement, which is established on the north-eastern lands of Ramallah, cut olive trees and broke their twigs in Abu Hanoun area in Kherbit Jab’iet, east of al-Moghir village, northeast of Ramallah. Also, the settlers damaged barbed wires surrounded Rohi Merweh al-Na’san and Sameer Khaled Abu ‘Alia’s agricultural lands, and entered and damaged around 30 olive trees planted 5 years ago.
  • On Saturday, 09 May 2020, an Israeli settler, from ” Ya’qoub Dalia” settlement, stole a crops from an agricultural land in Kherbit Bir al-‘Ad, east of Yatta, south of Hebron.
  • On Wednesday, 13 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Givat Asaf” settlement, which is established on Ramallah’s eastern lands, moved into Biten village, east of the city. The settlers vandalized the village’s walls and houses before their withdrawal.

Read the full PCHR here.

Israeli Troops Abduct Dozens of Palestinians including Women and Children

South Front

 May 12, 2020 8:19 PM

Israeli troops reportedly abducted, late on Monday evening and early on Tuesday morning, dozens of Palestinian residents, throughout the Israeli-occupied West Bank.

The Ramallah-based Palestinian Prisoners’ Society (PPS) reported that Israeli troops began their abduction campaigns, in the West Bank town of Ya’bad, near Jenin city, where Israeli soldiers rounded up 16 residents, including a little girl and two women.

In a statement, the society noted that among those abducted are several sets of family members, including Yazzan and Kamal Abu Shammala, along with Mohammad Abu Baker and Marcile Abu Baker.

Local sources in Ya’bad said that the Israeli invasion of the town, was met with strong resistance by local civilians, who responded with stone throwing, since the early hours of Tuesday.

The invasion of Ya’bad came shortly after an Israeli soldier was pronounced dead during an Israeli attack on the town.

The abduction by Israeli soldiers included some 12 residents, including Nazmi Abu Baker, his wife Suheila and little girl, Eman, as well as their grandson, Ali.

They also included resident Rebhi Abu Baker, his wife Jojoud and three other family members, Mohammad, Khaled and Ahmad. Three more residents, identified as Ahmad Qabaha, Haitham Abu Baker and R’afat Abu Baker.

In the West Bank town of Silwad, east of Ramallah city, Israeli troops abducted Palestinian ex-prisoner, Abdelrahman Hammad, 19. While other Israeli troops abducted Feras Abu Snaina, 21, from the West Bank city of Hebron.

In addition, in the northern West Bank city of Qalqilia, one more resident was abducted and then released.

In the internationally-recognized occupied East Jerusalem, where more than 100,000 Palestinians live, Israeli troops invaded the Silwan neighborhood, late on Monday evening, and abducted 13 Palestinian youths.

The PPS confirmed that the 13 youths were taken to the Almaskoubiya detention center. The society identified the abducted youths as Amir Mattar, Mohammad Mattar, Ali Jaber, Mahmoud Jaber, Amir Jaber, Yazzan Jaber, Dawood Tawil, Wessam Karky, Montaser Abu Nab, Qusay Abu Nab, Mohammad Abu Nab, Omar Alzaghal and Ahmad Shuwayat.

The PPS held Israeli occupation authorities fully responsible for the well-being of Palestinian prisoners, in the context of the Coronavirus pandemic, inside Israel and across the West Bank.

The society denounced what it termed a deliberate Israeli collective punishment against the Palestinian people, by means of the invasion of Ya’bad town, as well as abduction campaigns, throughout the West Bank.

It is important to note, that the Palestinian woman being detained by Israeli forces in the photo was not provided a face-mask for her protection, but rather it was used as a blindfold.

This exposes the absence of concern or consideration by the occupation army, for the health and safety of the Palestinian people.

Image: Mu’tasem Saqf al-Heit

Related News

النائب خوري: أميركا تهدّد الأردن بالويل إن لم تسلّم أحلام التميمي

البناء

قال النائب طارق خوري أمس، إن الولايات المتحدة الأميركية تحاول مقايضة المساعدات الاقتصادية للأردن بمواقف ضد قضية فلسطين لتمرير صفقة القرن المزعومة.

وأشار في تصريح صحافي، إن أميركا تهدد المملكة بالويل والثبور في حال لم تسلم الأسيرة الفلسطينية المحرّرة أحلام التميمي.

وأشار خوري إلى أن الأردن ماضٍ في الثبات على موقفه من فلسطين ومن «صفقة القرن» ملكاً وحكومةً وشعباً.

وأضاف: أما آن الأوان لإعادة تقييم تحالفاته السياسية والعودة إلى محيطه القومي، وإعادة النظر في الاتفاقيات الموقعة مع العدو الصهيوني؟ ألا يستدعي ذلك أن يسعى إلى تحقيق نوع من الاكتفاء الذاتي ضمن الإمكانات والموارد المتاحة؟

ونوّه خوري إلى أن الاكتفاء الذاتي شرط ملحّ لاستقلالية الدول وقرارها وسيادتها، وإسقاط مفهوم «طعمي التمّ، تستحي العين».

وكان سبعة أعضاء جمهوريين في الكونغرس الأميركي قد حذروا الأردن، من أن الولايات المتحدة قد تتجه إلى فرض عقوبات على عمان، ما لم تقدم على تسليم المواطنة الأردنية فلسطينية الأصل أحلام التميمي لواشنطن.

وقالت صحيفة «هآرتس» الصهيونية، إن الأعضاء السبعة وجهوا في 30 أبريل المنصرم رسالتهم التحذيرية إلى سفير الأردن لدى واشنطن، ونشرتها جمعية الضغط السياسي EMET الموالية للكيان الصهيوني.

وأشارت الصحيفة إلى أن أهمية هذه الرسالة تكمن في أن كاتبها هو عضو الكونغرس الجمهوري غريغ ستيوب، عن ولاية فلوريدا، ووقعها أعضاء بالكونغرس مشهورون بصلتهم الوثيقة بإدارة ترامب.

وأطلق سراح التميمي، التي تحمل الجنسيتين الفلسطينية والأردنية في صفقة عام 2011، حيث يتهمها الكيان الصهيوني بتدبير تفجير مطعم بيتزا في مدينة القدس، فيما صدر حكم قضائي أردني قبل أعوام يقضي بعدم تسليمها للولايات المتحدة.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (30 April – 06 May 2020)

Posted by PCHR

30 April – 6 May 2020

  • IOF raids into oPt: a dangerous vulnerability in Palestinian preventive measures to combat the spread of coronavirus
  • Israeli occupation escalates personal attacks on Palestinian public figures in occupied Eastern Jerusalem to ban Palestinian Authority’s work
  • 13 Palestinian civilians sustained wounds, including 3 children in the West Bank
  • shootings reported against agricultural lands and 4 times at Palestinian fishing boats in eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 63 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 59 civilians arrested, including 5 children, a poet (woman) and a journalist
  • Collective Punishment Policy: Demolition notice delivered to a prisoner’s family house in Tulkarm
  • 5 notice to halt construction at 3 houses, an agricultural room, and water well in Salfit; civilian properties bulldozed and a settlers road dug in the West Bank
  • Settlers attacks in the West Bank: houses attacked and vandalized, Palestinian civilian assaulted and robbed of his sheep;
  • IOF established 38 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and roads closed

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to violate Palestinians’ human rights and commit crimes against civilians and their properties, conducting raids into Palestinian cities without regard to the state of emergency declared across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) since 06 March 2020, in the efforts put forward to combat the spread of coronavirus. IOF raids are conducted without proper attention to prevention and safety standards to mitigate the risk of transmitting coronavirus to Palestinian territory, as the virus is widespread throughout Israel. PCHR’s concerns over Israeli raids still stand, as those raids undermine preventive measures adopted by the government. Meanwhile, settlers backed up by IOF continued to seize more civilian property and attack civilians and their property. This week, IOF launched an arrest campaign against prominent Palestinian figures who work for the Palestinian Authority (PA), in a continuation of Israeli systematic efforts to combat the presence and work of the PA in occupied East Jerusalem. PCHR reiterates its concern over the Israeli occupation’s policy of banning any preventive measures by the Palestinian Authority in occupied East Jerusalem, especially that Israel has adopted lenient measures in the city despite its responsibility for it under international law as an occupying power.

This week, PCHR documented 134 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.  The restrictions imposed under the state of emergency have hindered our fieldwork team’s ability to cover all incidents in the oPt and were forced to collect information via phone from trusted local sources. As such, this report is an incomprehensive record of Israeli violations of human rights against Palestinians in the oPt, as IOF continues its attacks against civilians despite the exceptional circumstances that have overcome the whole world in the face of a life-threatening viral pandemic.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 13 Palestinian civilians, including 3 children, were shot and wounded in excessive use of force by IOF. Among those wounded, 6 sustained their wounds in IOF attacks on workers attempting to sneak into Israel via the Annexation wall in Jenin, Qalqilya and Tulkarem. While 6 others, including 3 children, were wounded during IOF suppression of a protest in Kufur Qaddoum, Qalqilya, West Bank. Another civilian was wounded in an IOF raid to Jericho. Dozens of civilians suffocated due to inhalation of tear gas fired by IOF during its raids into Palestinian cities. IOF committed12 shootings against agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip, and 4 shootings were reported against Palestinian fishing boats off the western Gaza Strip shore.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 63 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 59 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children, a poet (woman) and a journalist. This week, IOF launched an arrest campaign against prominent Palestinian figures who work for the Palestinian Authority (PA), in a continuation of Israeli systematic efforts to combat the presence and work of the PA in occupied East Jerusalem.

Collective Punishment Policy

On Friday, 01 May 2020, IOF Mohamed ‘Alaa Jameel Risha’s (19) family a demolition notice. Risha was arrested and wounded after carrying out  a stab attack on 28 April 2020 in Kafar Saba city in Israel.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 9 violations, including: 2 plantation grounds, a laundromat in Bethlehem, 4 notices to halt construction at 2 houses, an agricultural room and a water well in Salfit; agricultural tools confiscated while digging a water wll in Qalqilya, an agricultural room demolished in Tubas, water pool bulldozed and iron barracks dismanteled in Jericho, a notice to halt construction at a house in Jenin and a settlement road dug in Hebron.

PCHR also documented 4 settler attacks: houses attacked and vandalized, assault on a civilian a theft of his sheep in Nablus; 24 olive trees sabotaged in Qalqilya.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 03:00 on Thursday, 30 April 2020, IOF stationed along the annexation wall, adjacent to Zeta village, north of Tulkarm, opened fire at Palestinian workers. As a result, 2 civilians, from Ajjah village in Jenin, were shot and injured. IOF arrested one of the wounded civilians, namely Eyad Adanan Zuhair Ma’li (26), who was shot with a live bullet in his abdomen. The other civilian aged 41years old was shot with a live bullet in the left knee. He was transferred to Khalil Suleiman Governmental Hospital.
  • At approximately 06:50 on the same Thursday, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and were forced to flee from the see. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 06:50 on Friday, 01 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and were forced to flee from the see. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00 on the same Friday, IOF stationed along the annexation wall, adjacent to Hablah village, south of Qalqiliyah, opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers when they attempted to enter Israel through the annexation wall’s gate for work . As a result, a 23-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in his right leg and a 21-year-old young man was also shot with a live bullet in his right leg. The wounded civilians, who are from Qalqiliyah, were transferred to Dr. Darwish Nazal Hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 14:30 on the same Friday, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafer Qaddoum village, north of Qalqiliyah, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated to protest against closing the road for more than 16years. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area. Clashes erupted in the area in which IOF fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the young men. As a result, 6 civilians, including 3 children, were shot and injured with rubber bullets throughout their bodies.
  • At approximately 16:00 on the same Friday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of al-Shoka village, east of Rafah, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:20 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in central Gaza Strip, fired flare bombs at agricultural lands, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:00 on Saturday, 02 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and were forced to flee from the see. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:50 on the same Saturday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF stationed along the annexation wall, adjacent to Hablaha village, south of Qalqiliyah, opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers when they attempted to enter Israel through the wall’s gate for work. As a result, a 30-year-old civilians was shot with 2 live bullets in his feet. He was transferred to Dr. Darwish Nazal Hospital in Qalqiliyah for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 03:00 on Sunday, 03 May 2020, IOF moved into Aqabet Jaber refugee camp, southwest of Jericho. They stationed in the southern area of the camp. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men protested and threw stones and Molotov Cocktails  at Israeli soldiers. The soldiers chased the young men and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, an 18-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in his foot. He was transferred to Jericho Hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 07:20 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the border fence, adjacent to Far’oun village, south of Tulkarm, fired live bullets at a number of Palestinian workers when they attempted to enter Israel through the wall’s gate for work. As a result, a 26-year-old young, from Tulkarm,  man was shot with a rubber bullet in his right leg. He was transferred to Thabet Thabet Hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 22:00 on the same Sunday, IOF moved into al-Tour neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They stationed on Slaman al-Faresi Street in the center of the neighborhood. In the meantime, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and fireworks at Israeli soldiers while the later responded with rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, dozens of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 03:00 on the same Sunday, IOF reinforced with military SUVs moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, deployed between houses and patrolled the area, causing fear among the residents. They raided and searched Islam Mahmoud Jawabrah’s (19) house, searched it and arrested Islam and took him to the area where the military vehicles stationed. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers. The soldiers chased the young man and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of stone throwers suffocated due to tear gas canisters. At approximately 05:00 on the same day, IOF withdrew from the camp taking the arrested civilian with them.
  • At approximately 06:30 on Monday, 03 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and were forced to flee from the see. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:00 on the same Monday, IOF reinforced with dozens of military SUVs moved into Kafer Aqab village, north of occupied East Jeruslem. They stationed in several sites in the villages, and checked the ID cards of passersby and wrote fines for some others, who were not wearing the muzzle as the Israeli government forces all people to wear it when they leave their homes in light of their procedures to combat the spread of corona virus. Israeli soldier also raided dozens of commercial shops and wrote  exorbitant fines for their owners. In the meantime, dozens of Palestinian young men protested and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers while the later responded with rubber bullets, and sound bombs. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. They received medical treatment on the field.
  • At approximately 19:00 on the same Monday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands in the vicinity of the land fill. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Tuesday, 05 May 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, fired live bullets and sound bombs at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’a village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Wednesday, 06 May 2020, IOF reinforced with several military SUVs moved into Bani Na’im village, in Hebron. They patrolled the streets and fired sound bombs indiscriminately at Yaqin and Khelat al-Mas’ourah areas without a reason. As a result, residents. IOF later withdrew from the village; no other raids were reported.
  1. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 30 April 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Jabal al-Mawaleh area, in central Bethlehem. They raided and searched Sufian Mohammed Ajaj’s (34) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Owa village, southwest of Hebron Governorate. They raided and search Mahmoud Waseem Masalmah’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Shweika suburb, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ameer Ameed Abu Hashish (22), Majdi Mohammed Dar A’mar (23), and his brother Saleem (24), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:55, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Jericho, and stationed on the city center. They raided and searched Ahmed Hazem Jahalin’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Betounya, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ibrahim Awad al-Najar’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Seelat al-Thuhr village, south of Jenin; Deir Sharaf and Tal villages in Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 01 May 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beit Sera village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Mohammed Ra’ed Anqawi (22), Ibrahim Suliman Anqawi (20), and Mohammed Yaser Anqawi (20).
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Salem, Ourif, Surra, and Qasra villages in Nablus; al-Samoua and Deir Samit villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 02 May 2020:

  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Eyad Mos’ab Ghazalah (17) and Mohammed Reyad al-Joulani (22), and arrested them.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in al-Jaftalek village, north of Jericho. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 03 May 2020:

  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (7) civilians including a child: Samer Anwar Obaid (34), Adam Kayed Mahmoud (19), Mo’tasem Hamza Obaid (16), Waleed Dawoud Alian (24), Qusai Abdullah Alian (22), Tamer Ali Mahmoud (21), and Mohammed Ramadan al-Masri (20).
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Azoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians including a child: Akram Tayseer Saleem (15), Mohmmed Ali Redwan (24), and Mansour Asem Saleem (19).
  • At approximately 18:30, IOF who were on patrol in al-Bayada neighborhood, southeast of Nablus, arrested Deya’ Omar Darawshah (22) and Izzat Majed Awwad (22), while they were collecting beans from their land. IOF took them to Howara military camp, and released them at approximately 21:30 of the same day.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Aqraba, southeast of Nablus Governorate, and Izbt al-Tabib, east of Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 04 May 2020:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Qafin village, northeast of Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abed Basel Biqawi (28) and Bara’ Sameer Ammar (20), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Mahmoud Ishaq Abu Hashhash (26) and Obaida Jaber al-Titi (21).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Wad Risha, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Abdul Fattah Ata Abu Jhaisha’s (25) houses and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:45, IOF moved into Abu Shukhaidm village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Zeyad Mohammed Abu Salem’s (26) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Zeyad is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 04:40, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Marka village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nawras Firas Sbaih (19), and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Nablus. They raided and searched Ameed al-Houtari’s (18) house, east of the city, and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Awni Dawoud Ateya’s (53) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF arrested Ameen Omar Hamed (26) while present near the western entrance to al-Issaweya village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in al-Jabreyat neighborhood, Arraba village in Jenin, and Askan new camp in Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 05 May 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Qutna villae, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Kayed Taha’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Owa village, southwest of Hebron Governorate. They raided and searched Sameer Subhi Masalmah’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood, west of al-Issaweya village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (7) civilians: Mahmoud Ramadan Obaid (23), Deya’ Ayman Obaid (24), Yousef Ali al-Kaswani (22), Abdullah Ata Derbas (18), Yousef Dawoud Muhaisen (43), Ameer Awwad, and Mahmoud Mohammed Obaid (23).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched the house of the Secretary General of the National People’s Congress, Belal Hashim al-Natsheh (57), and his director Mo’ath al-Ashhab (52). IOF took them to al-Maskoubeya investigation center in West Jerusalem.

Lawyer Ahmed Safeya said that the Israeli Magistrate Court extended the arrest of General Bilal al-Natsheh, the Secretary-General of the Popular National Congress in Jerusalem, and his director Moaz Al-Ashhab, to the next day, to present them to the court again at approximately 14:00. Safeya confirmed that the Israeli Authorities immediately investigated with al-Natsheh and al-Ashhab which deteriorated the health condition of al-Natsheh. Al-Natsheh was referred to “Shi’ari Tsediq” the Israeli Hospital for treatment with an ambulance.

IOF’s spokesperson announced that they arrested (7) civilians, who were distributing food aids to needy families during the Coronavirus pandemic in charge of violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem.

  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Towr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the Poetry Rania Hatem’s (38) house, and took her to al-Maskoubeya investigation center in West Jerusalem. IOF released her in the noon after investigating with her about violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched the volunteer in the Palestinian Civil Defense; Jadallah Saeed al-Ghoul’s (41) house, and took him to al-Maskoubeya investigation center in West Jerusalem. It should be noted that al-Ghoul was released after investigating with him about violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Wadi al-Jooz neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched the Eng. Mustafa Amin Abu Zahra’s (68) house, Member of the High Islamic Authority in the Occupied Jerusalem, and Chairman of the Committee for the Care of Islamic Cemeteries in the Palestinian Endowments, and took him to al-Maskoubeya investigation center in West Jerusalem. In the noon, IOF released him after investigating with him about violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Jabal al-Mukaber neighborhood, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the journalist Tamer Obaidat’s (34) house and took him to al-Maskoubeya investigation center. IOF released him after investigating with him about violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 09:30, IOF moved into Beit Hanina village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched, assistant Secretary-General of the Popular National Congress in Jerusalem, Emad Awad’s (48) house and took him to al-Maskoubeya investigation center. At approximately 15:00, IOF released him after investigating with him about violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF moved into Qafin village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Mahmoud Fawwaz Ammar’s house and confiscated the surveillances cameras of his house.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Omran Lo’ay al-‘Aweiwi (16) and Mohammed Mahmoud (17), after severely beaten them, then they were taken to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Silwan village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Yazan Emad Syam’s (25) house and arrested him.

Wednesday, 06 May 2020:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Taqoua, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yousef Jamal al-Sabbah (22) and Yaseen Yousef al-Sabbah (22), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 21:00m IOF moved into Silwan village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched the volunteer in the Palestinian Civil Defense; Jadallah Saeed al-Ghoul’s (41) house, and took him to al-Maskoubeya investigation center in West Jerusalem. It should be noted that al-Ghoul was arrested for investigation on the dawn of the previous day after investigating with him about violating the law of the application, which criminalizes any work of the Palestinian Authority in the occupied Jerusalem.

III. Collective Punishment Policy

  • As part of the collective punishment policy applied by the IOF against the Palestinian families of those accused of carrying out attacks against the Israeli forces and/or settlers,  IOF handed a demolition notice for a prisoner’s family in Tulkarm. According to PCHR’s follow-up, at approximately 02:00 on Friday, 01 May 2020, IOF moved into Tulkarm camp and raided a house belonging to Mohamed ‘Alaa Jameel Risha (19), who was arrested and wounded after carrying out a stab attack on 28 April 2020 in Kafar Saba city in Israel. IOF handed Risha’s family a demolition notice. Meanwhile, many Palestinian young men gathered in the area and IOF fired tear gas canisters at them, under the pretext of throwing stones. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  1. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem
  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities
  • At approximately 07:00 on Thursday, 30 April 2020, Israeli bulldozers leveled an agricultural nursery in Joret al-Sham’ah, south of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that IOF bulldozed Mahmoud Ahmed Abu Hammad’s agricultural nursery in Wadi al-Nies village, under the pretext of non-licensing. He pointed out that IOF notified to demolish other houses and barracks in different areas in Bethlehem.
  • On Thursday morning, Israeli bulldozers demolished a carwash in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. Eng. Eyad Abu Surra, said that IOF moved into Um Rokba area, south of al-Khader village, and demolished Mohamed Ibrahim Da’dou’s under-construction carwash, under the pretext of non-licensing. He pointed out that Um Rokba area is exposed to a systematic demolition of houses and shops by IOF.
  • At approximately 09:30 on Sunday, 03 May 2020, IOF moved into Qarawet Bani Hassan village, west of Salfit. They expelled Palestinian shepherds from Nowiatif area while breeding livestock and ordered them not to return, under the pretext of being state-owned lands. IOF also distributed 3 notices to stop construction work in 2 houses and an agricultural room in Nowiatif area, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C, and gave them until 24 June 2020 (to hold a session during which it will be decided to either demolish the building or return it to its previous status). The distributed notices were as follows:
  1. Jala Kan’an Rayan, stop construction work in an agricultural room built of tin plates.
  2. ‘Abed al-Hakeem Mohamed Mer’I, stop construction work in his 2-storey-house.
  3. Yaseen Nabil Mer’I, stop construction work in his 2-storey-house.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF moved into Khelet Nejarah area in Dirsitiyia village, north of Salfit. They distributed notices to stop construction work in Moneer Khalil Ahmed Mansour’s water well, under the pretext of working in Area C and in a natural reserve. IOF identified 10 June 2020 to hold a court session in Beit Eill during which it will be decided to either demolish the building or return it to its previous status.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF confiscated equipment belonging to Ras ‘Atiyia Cooperative Assocation for Agricultural Development, claiming that the association excavated an artesian well between Ras ‘Atiyia and Magharet al-Dab’ah villages, which are classified as Area C. IOF also confiscated a mounted-crane truck belonging to the association while excavating a new well in Tayseer Mohamed Mara’bah’s land to alleviate the water crisis that encounters farmers in the area.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 04 May 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-‘Aqaba village, east of Tayaseer village in Tubas. They demolished Murad ‘Awni Saleh Jaber’s 36-square-meter agricultural room built of brick and roofed with tin plates  in al-‘Aqaba village, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C.
  • On Monday, 04 May 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet ‘Allan in al-Shona area, north of Jericho. IOF were deployed in the area while the military construction vehicles demolished a 300-square-meter water pool. The Israeli Civil Administration officers dismantled Anwar Abu Jouda’s 160-square-meter barrack built of tin plates and used for breeding livestock before confiscating it, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. It should be noted that Israeli authorities and the Israeli Civil Administration Department handed Abu Jouda a demolition notice on 26 April 2020, upon Military order No. (1797), which gives Palestinians 96 hours to challenge before Israeli authorities. The new military order came into force in the West Bank on 1/4/2019, and its details hinder any attempt to challenge before the Israeli court.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 05 May 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Daher al-‘Abed village, southeast of Jenin. The Israeli Civil Administration officers hanged a notice on ‘Ameed Bassam Sameeh ‘Amarnah’s house door to stop working in his 220-square-meter house, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C.
  • At approximately 14:00, Israeli authorities built a new road on the Palestinians’ lands, which were confiscated from al-Swati family in Faqiqis village, southwest of Hebron, to connect “Negohout” settlement with “Mirchalim” settlement outpost.  Israeli authorities seek to expand “Negohout” settlement on the Palestinian confiscated lands and prevent their owners from accessing them from many years ago. It should be noted that the Settlement Sub-Committee in the Israeli Authorities announced a detailed plan for the construction of settlement units, buildings and roads in the “ Negohout ” settlement on Palestinians confiscated lands, west of Dura city in Hebron. The detailed plan was published on the website of the Israeli Ministry of Interior on 14 February 2018. The plan No. (A / 1/521) allocates 291 dunums and aims to change land uses from agricultural lands to residential areas designated for the construction of new settlement units. This plan came to expand the settlement established on Palestinian lands since the early 1980s, and to build more settlement units.
  • Israeli Settler Violence
  • At approximately 01:55 on Thursday, 30 April 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Hafat Gilad ” settlement, which is established on Surra village lands, southwest of Nablus, attacked Palestinians’ vehicles parked in front of their owners’ houses in the eastern area, western neighborhoods and on the village streets. They also vandalized Khaled Mohamed al-Hendy’s house walls and punctured the tires of 14 vehicles before leaving. PCHR keeps the names of affected persons.
  • On the same day, settlers, from “ Gilad ” settlement, attacked Amateen village lands, north of Qalqiliyia. They broke Riyad Sadeeq Beri’s 24 olive trees planted in al-Ahmar Mount area, north of the village.
  • At approximately 21:40 on Sunday, 03 May 2020, a group of settlers gathered in al-Zaytouna square, southeast of Nablus, under the IOF protection. They carried out riots in the area and no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Wednesday, 06 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Homish” settlement, which was established on Burqa village lands, northwest of Nablus, attacked Harbi Mohamed ‘Ali ‘Abdo (50), from Beit Amareen village, while breeding sheep in Bab Wad area. ‘Abdo was severely beaten, his left leg was fractured and 20 of his sheep was stolen by the settlers. The village residents helped him and returned 250 of his sheep. They phoned the Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS) to send an ambulance, which took him to Rafidia Hospital.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods
  • West Bank:
  • In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the movement of goods and individuals between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 38 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, and checked their IDs.

Jerusalem:

  • On Sunday, 03 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Jabei’ village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 30 April 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Janata and Taqou’a villages and in ‘Aqabet Hasna area, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 01 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Janata and Taqou’a villages and in ‘Aqabet Hasna area, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 03 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint in ‘Aqabet Hasna area, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Wednesday, 06 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Taqou’a and Janata villages, east of Bethlehem.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 30 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Bani Na’iem village, east of Hebron.
  • On Saturday, 02 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Yatta, at the southern entrance to Hebron, and at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Sunday, 03 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ethna village, west of Hebron.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Monday, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Bani Na’iem village, east of Hebron.
  • At approximately 10:00, Israeli authorities closed with cement cubes Abu Touq road, which connects bwteen Beit Ummer and Bypass road (60).
  • On Tuesday, 05 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beit ‘Awaa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron.
  • On Wednesday, 06 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp and at the entrance to Bani Na’iem village (Wad al-Jouz).

Nablus:

  • On Friday, 01 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Qasrah village, southeast of  Nablus, and on ‘Oreef-‘Asirah al-Qabaliyia villages road. IOF also closed Surra village entrance, southwest of Nablus.
  • On Saturday, 02 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint on’Oreef-‘Asirah al-Qabaliyia villages road, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 03 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Dir Sharafi village at the western entrance to Nablus. IOF also closed Hawarah checkpoint, at the south-eastern entrance to Nablus, and tightened their arbitrary measures at Za’tarah checkpoint against Palestinians who cross the checkpoint and undergo thorough searches before being allowed to cross.

Jenin:

  • On Wednesday, 06 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ta’nak village, on Jenin-Hifa Street, west of Jenin.

Qalqiliyia:

  • On Friday, 01 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village and at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.
  • On Saturday, 02 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village and at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.
  • On Sunday, 03 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village and at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.
  • On Monday, 04 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village and at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.
  • On Tuesday, 05 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village and at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.

Salfit:

  • On Monday, 04 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Salfit and at the entrance to Burqeen village, west of Salfit.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 30 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint on the main street, near “Beit Eill” settlement, which leads to al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah.
  • On Saturday, 02 May 2020, IOF closed with cement cubes the main entrance to Kafur Malek village, northeast of Ramallah, and prevented Palestinians from entering and exiting the village. The entrance was re-opened on Sunday, 03 May 2020.
  • On Sunday, 03 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint, searched Palestinian civilians, and checked their IDs.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (23 – 29 April 2020)

Posted by PCHR

23 – 29 April 2020

  • IOF raids into oPt: a dangerous vulnerability in Palestinian preventive measures to combat the spread of coronavirus
  • 3 Palestinian civilians sustained wounds in IOF suppression of protests in Kufur Qaddoum in Qalqilya, West Bank
  • 12 shootings reported against agricultural lands and once at Palestinian fishing boats in eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 57 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem: 39 civilians arrested, including 5 children
  • Residential tent destroyed in Jericho, and 24 demolition and cease-construction notices distributed in Salfit and Bethlehem
  • Settlers attacks in the West Bank: trees cut in Nablus, lands razed in Salfit, and a settler-tent established in western Bethlehem;
  • IOF established 27 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank, roads closed and 2 civilians arrested at IOF checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to violate Palestinians’ human rights and commit crimes against civilians and their properties, conducting raids into Palestinian cities without regard to the state of emergency declared across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) since 06 March 2020, in the efforts put forward to combat the spread of coronavirus. IOF raids are conducted without proper attention to prevention and safety standards to mitigate the risk of transmitting coronavirus to Palestinian territory, as the virus is widespread throughout Israel. PCHR’s concerns over Israeli raids still stand, as those raids undermine preventive measures adopted by the government. Meanwhile, settlers backed up by IOF continued to seize more civilian property and attack civilians and their property. Furthermore, PCHR expresses its concern over the Israeli occupation’s policy of banning any preventive measures by the Palestinian Authority in occupied East Jerusalem, especially that Israel has adopted lenient measures in the city despite its responsibility for it under international law as an occupying power.

This week, PCHR documented 111 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.  The restrictions imposed under the state of emergency have hindered our fieldwork team’s ability to cover all incidents in the oPt and were forced to collect information via phone from trusted local sources. As such, this report is an incomprehensive record of Israeli violations of human rights against Palestinians in the oPt, as IOF continues its attacks against civilians despite the exceptional circumstances that have overcome the whole world in the face of a life-threatening viral pandemic.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 3 Palestinian civilians were shot and wounded in IOF suppression of a protest in Kufur Qaddoum, Qalqilya, West Bank. Dozens of civilians suffocated due to inhalation of tear gas fired by IOF during its raids into Palestinian cities. IOF opened fire 9 times during raids into the West Bank; 12 shootings against the agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip that resulted in killing a number of sheep in Deir al-Balah, and one shooting was reported against Palestinian fishing boats off the northern Gaza Strip shore.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 57 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 39 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 3 violations, including: dismantling and confiscation of a livestock barracks, demolition of a residential tent in Jericho, and 22 notices to cease construction were distributed at houses and facilities in Salfit, and 2-barracks in Bethlehem received a demolition notice. PCHR also documented 3 settler attacks: 33 olive trees sabotaged in Nablus, lands razed in Iskaka village, eastern Salfit, and a settler tent established in western Bethlehem.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

Israeli authorities declared that Commercial crossings in the West Bank will operate on Tuesday, 28 April 2020 until 13:00, and will resume its work as usual starting on Thursday, 30 April 2020. Israeli authorities declared the closure of Karem Abu Salem Crossing on Tuesday and Wednesday, 28-29 April 2020, and it will re-open on Thursday.

This comes in a time when the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 00:40 on Thursday, 23 April 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:00 on the same Thursday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 19:30 on the same Thursday, IOF moved into al-Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Obeid neighborhood, west of the village when the residents were eating at iftar time. Israeli soldiers indiscriminately fired tear gas canisters at houses though no clashes occurred in the area and streets were fully empty of people. As a result, dozens of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 21:00 on the same Thursday, IOF moved into Abu Tayeh neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a number of commercial shops and wrote fines to their owners, claiming that they violated the orders issued by the Israeli government in light of combating the spread of coronavirus. When Israeli soldiers confiscated the goods of a roving street vendor, a verbal altercation occurred between them and the vendor, in which the soldiers heavily fired tear gas canisters in the air. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Friday, 24 April 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah, sporadically opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at agricultural lands for 15 minutes. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on the same Friday, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafer Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area when clashes erupted, during which, IOF fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the young men. As a result, a 21-year-old young man was shot with a rubber bullet in his abdomen.
  • At approximately 16:30 on the same Friday, 24 April 2020, IOF searched al-Mahajer area in Azoun village, east of Qalqilya, and indiscriminately opened fire at the abovementioned area. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:40 on Saturday, 25 April 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kuffor Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased young men, who were in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 40-year-old man was shot with a rubber bullet in his neck and a 30-year-old man was shot with a rubber bullet in his face. IOF also fired live bullets at water tanks that were at houses roofs. As a result, 5 water tanks belonging to: Morad Mahmoud Eshtaiwi, Jihad Mahmoud Eshtaiwi,Mazen Basim Eshtaiwi, Abdullah Mousa Ali, and Riyad Mohammed Eshtaiwi.
  • At approximately 18:00 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, northeast of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire and fires tear gas canisters at agricultural lands for 15 minutes. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 18:40, IOF stationed adjacent to the border fence in Zeta village, north of Tulkarm, fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians, claiming they were stoned. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 22:30, IOF moved into Azzoun village, east of Qalqiliyah, fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians, claiming they were stoned when they patrolled the area. As a result, several civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 13:50 on Sunday, 26 April 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canister at agricultural lands. The shooting continued sporadically until 17:00 on the same day. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:40 on Monday, 27 April 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at Palestinian shepherds. The shooting continued sporadically in the area for 3 hours. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:00 on the same Monday, Israeli soldiers stationed along hr border fence, northeast of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at agricultural lands. The shooting continued sporadically until 16:40 on the same day. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 20:00 on the same Monday, IOF moved into Obeid neighborhood in al-Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They surrounded a stadium that exists in the neighborhoods to prevent the people from performing prayers in it on alleged violation of orders issued by the Israeli governments. When the worshippers gathered in front of the stadium, IOF only allowed 20 of them to enter the stadium and banned the rest of the worshipers. In the meantime, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones, fireworks, and Molotov at Israeli soldiers and the latter responded with rubber bullets and sound bombs. As a result, dozens of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into al-Rihiyah village, south of Hebron, and patrolled the village streets. A number of Palestinian  young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers. The soldiers chased the young men and indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. IOF withdrew later from the village; no raids were reported.
  • At approximately 07:40 on Tuesday, April 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, northeast of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at agricultural lands. The shooting sporadically continued for 15 minutes; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:50 on the same Tuesday, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen were panicked and sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:45 on the same Tuesday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, northeast of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. The shooting sporadically continued  for 30 minutes; neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 09:30 on the same Tuesday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at Palestinian shepherds. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 12:30 on the same Tuesday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canister at Palestinian shepherds. The shooting continued for 30 minutes. As a result, a number of sheep and a donkey, owned by Ali Fraih Abu al-‘Ajin (25), Khalil Suleiman al-Tarabin (30), and Fares Hamed Abu Nasser (25) died. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on Wednesday, 22 April 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza strip, opened fire and fired tear gas canisters at agricultural lands. The shooting continued sporadically until 16:30 on the same day. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  1. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 23 April 2020:

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF infantry unit moved into several neighborhoods in Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Hamza Raja Ghaith (18), and Rajab Raji Ghaith (19).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Taqoua’, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Anan Mousa al-Badan (21), and Hamza Ameen Sabbah (28). IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Azoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Abdulah Mostafa Ridwan (25), and Sa’eed Farouk Abu Haneya (26), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Wadi Ma’ali, in the Central Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ibrahim Atta al-Heremi’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Saf Street, in the Central Bethlehem. They raided and searched Murad Abdullah Abu ‘Ahour’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Kafr Ne’ma village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Ali Mahmoud Khwaira (30), Samer Abdul Jaber Eshtayyeh (24), and Isma’el Salah al-Deek.
  • At approximately 04:50, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. They raided and searched Amro Shami al-Shami’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:55, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into ‘Arraba, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched Wissam Khaled Abu Salah’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into al-Thawri neighborhood, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Essam Sidr’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 09:30, IOF moved into Shwaika suburb in Tulkarm. They raided and searched Mohammed Ahmed Abdul Kareem al-Najjar’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF arrested Jihad Ahmed Na’alwa (35), from al-Shwaika suburb, north of Tulkarm, while the Israeli Security Services were investigating with him in the Israeli military liaison office. IOF took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that Jihad is a former prisoner in the Israeli prison.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF, stationed near Ofer detention in Betounya, west of Ramallah, arrested Ahmed Nour Nakhla, Mohammed Salha, and Ateya Dwaik. Three hours later, they were released.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Silat al-Thahr, south of Jenin; Deir Sharaf and Tal villages in Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 24 April 2020:

  • At approximately 03:20, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Jenin. They raided and searched Omar Hatem As’ad’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Adam Yousef Rwaidi (11), while present in front of his house in Ein al-Lawza neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF claimed that Adam threw stones at them and he was taken to one of the investigation centers in the village.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Ma’dama village. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 25 April 2020:

  • IOF carried out (8) incursions in Beta, Aqraba, al-Saweya, Majdal Bani Fadel, Duma, Odla, and Ousrien villages in Nablus Governorate; and Betounya, west of Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 26 April 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Towr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Omar Mohammed Abu Ghannam’s (23) house and arrested them. It should be noted that Omar is Ali Abu Ghannam’s (16) brother who was killed by Israeli Border Police as they alleged the late child attempted to stab an Israeli soldier in April 2015, at al-Za’eem checkpoint, east of Jerusalem.
  • Around the same time, IOF infantry units moved into Tarqoumeya, northwest of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Tareq Ali Fatafta (38) and Kayed Mohammed Fatafta (35).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Ahmed Kayed Mahmoud (26), Mohammed Esmat Obaid (19), and Mohammed Awad al-Bitouni (24).
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mohammed al-Shalabi’s (45) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Ma’dama village, southeast of Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 27 April 2020:

  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed at Beit Eil temporary military checkpoint in the western entry to Ramallah, arrested the lawyer Amro Zeyad al-Sal’ousn (36), from Nablus, and took him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Sawana neighborhood, east of the occupied Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched ‘Akrama Sa’eed Sabri’s (81) house, and threatened him with arrest for his latest statements about al-Aqsa Mosque. It should be noted that ‘Akrama is the Head of the High Islamic Supreme Council and preacher of al-Aqsa Mosque.Sabri’s family said that an IOF force with more than 10 intelligence officers and 50 police officers surrounded their house before storming it. They threatened Shaikh Akrama with arrest and told him he would be held responsible if prayers are held at al-Aqsa mosque in the current period, inferring that he would be banned for life from access to al-Aqsa Mosque. They added that IOF took photos from the inside and outside of their house. Shaikh Sabri had previously stated that he would call for reopening al-Aqsa Mosque if the holy site were to be opened by Israeli police for settlers, as the Temple groups have been mobilizing thousands of its supporters to raid the al-Aqsa Mosque in thousands on the first day the holy site is opened.

It should be noted that Shaikh Sabri is under a 4-month ban from entering al-Aqsa Mosque for earlier statements and calls for Muslims to perform prayers at al-Aqsa Mosque.

  • At approximately 16:30, IOF moved into Wadi al-Jouz neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Hanadi Mohammed al-Halawani’s (41) house and warned her against publishing any material calling for the opening of the al-Aqsa Mosque on Facebook.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood in al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hussain Shadi Obaid’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Azmout, northwest of Nablus, and Azoun, east of Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 28 April 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians including two children: Mahmoud Abd Dawoud Mahmoud (24), Majd Mahmoud Mahmoud (15), Adel Naser Mahmoud, Mohamed al-Tutanji, and Mousa Haitham Mustafa (14).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Qarawat Bani Hassan, west of Salfit. They raided two houses belonging to Mostafa Maher Assi (25) and Taqi Munir Rayyan (26), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF infantry units moved into Ethna, west of Hebron. They deployed between the houses and stormed Mohamed Omar Sulaimeya’s (20) house and arrested him. An explosive device was detonated in the house before the storming which caused the injury of his father, Omar Issa Sulaimeya (42).
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Deir al-Hatab and Azoun in Qalqilya Governorate; Beit Lid, Baqa al-Sharqeya and al-Nazla al-Sharqeya villages in Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 29 April 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Sour Baher village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Ahmed Atoun’s (26) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Mohammed’s father is Ahmed Mohammed Atoun, member of the dissolved Legislative Council, who was banned from entering Jerusalem many years ago by a decision from the Israeli Interior Minister.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Abdul Rahman Marwan al-Hashlamoun’s (17) house and arrested him.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities
  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 23 April 2020, IOF accompanied with a mounted-crane truck and a vehicle carrying workers from private companies moved into Satieh area in ‘Ain al-Dayouk village, northwest of Jericho. The workers dismantled a 50-square-meter caravan used for breeding livestock and put it the mounted-crane truck for confiscation. IOF also removed Yousef ‘Eliyn Mohamed Ka’abnah’s residential tent sheltering 8 persons, including 5 children, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C.
  • At approximately 11:30 on Sunday, 26 April 2020, IOF moved into Qarawet Bani Hassan village, west of Salfit, and distributed notices to stop working in 22 houses and facilities, under the pretext of non-licensing and being in Area C. The notices included 12 under-construction houses, 3 inhabited houses, 3 agricultural rooms, 3 sheds, 3 water wells, and a wall surrounding a house in al-Ras, Qattan al-Taweel, Khelet al-Qaren and al-Habaier areas. PCHR keeps the names of the notified facilities and houses’ owners.
  • On Tuesday, 28 April 2020, Israeli authorities notified to demolish 2 barracks in Bethlehem and gave their owners 96 hours to challenge. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that IOF notified to demolish 2 barracks; the first one belongs to Moha,ed Mousa Zarinah in Bir ‘Ona area and the second belongs to ‘Aref Hussain ‘Eid in Jouret al-Sham’ah, under the pretext of non-licensing. It should be noted that IOF demolished 2 houses and 3 barracks belonging to Zarinah during the past 5 years in the same area to deport him from his land and seize it for settlement purposes.
  • Israeli Settler Violence
  • On Friday, 24 April 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Rahaleem” settlement, which is established on al-Sawiyia village lands, southeast of Nablus, cut Hamad Saleh Jazy’s 33 olive trees planted 30-40 years ago with saw and broke their twigs.
  • At approximately 19:00, Israeli settlers, from “Neve Nehemiah” settlement outpost, leveled Askaka village’s lands, east of Salfit. These lands belong to the heirs of Harb Daher Lami, Mohamed ‘Abed al-Qader Harb and ‘Abed al-Raheem Harb; and to Nazmi Hamed Harb, Mohsen ‘Abed al-Qader Abi Daher and Sameer Harees Lami.
  • On Saturday, 25 April 2020, Israeli settlers set up a tent in Palestinians’ lands in al-Jab’a village, southwest of Bethlehem. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that Israeli settlers set up a tent in Wadi al-Khanzeer area and escalated their attacks during Coronavirus crisis. The latest of these attacks was establishing a mobile house in Khelet Nahla area, south of Bethlehem and planting hundreds of seedlings in Zainab Abu Isninah’s lands in Khelet al-Qutton area, south of Beth It should be noted that IOF seized the lands of Khelet al-Qutton village in 2004, under the pretext of being State-owned lands.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

Israeli authorities declared that Commercial crossings in the West Bank will operate on Tuesday, 28 April 2020 until 13:00, and they will return to function as usual on Thursday, 30 April 2020 as usual.

Israeli authorities declared the closure of Karem Abu Salem Crossing on Tuesday and Wednesday, 28-29 April 2020, and it will re-open on Thursday.

West Bank:

  • In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the movement of goods and individuals between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 27 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 4 of them.

Jerusalem:

  • On Sunday, 26 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Qalandia and Baldou villages.
  • At approximately 17:00 on Tuesday, 28 April 2020, IOF closed Qalandia and Sho’fat military checkpoints and obstructed vehicles’ movement under the pretext of “Israel Independence Day 72”.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 23 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint in ‘Aqbet Hasna area, on the main road leading to Bethlehem’s western villages.
  • On Friday, 24 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint under al-Shawawrah village’s bridge, east of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 26 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Jala and Taqou’a villages.
  • On Monday, 27 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Biet Jala city and Hasna area.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 23 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Ethna village and at the western entrance to Hebron.
  • On Friday, 24 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kharsa village, south of Dura, southwest of Hebron.
  • On Saturday, 25 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to al-Zaytoun suburb, south of Hebron.
  • On Sunday, 26 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpints at the entrance to Bani Na’iem village and at the southern entrance to Hebron (al-Fahs).
  • On Monday, 27 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit ‘Awaa and Kharsa villages.
  • On Tuesday, 28 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Yatta (Zaif), south of Hebron.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 23 April 2020, IOF closed ‘Ortah and Hawarah checkpoints at the south-eastern entrance to Nablus, so the only outlet for Nablus southern villages became Yatizhar bypass road and the only entrance to the village became through Dir Sharaf village, the western entrance to Nablus.
  • On Friday, 24 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at Yatizhar intersection, which connects between Hawarah and Yatizhar St.), southeast of Nablus.

:

Salfit:

  • At approximately 10:20 on Thursday, 24 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Salit and removed it later.
  • At approximately 14:35 on Thursday, 24 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Dir Balout village, north of Slafit, and re-established it after 24 hours.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Thursday, 24 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the western entrance to Hares village, north of Salfit, and removed it later.
  • At approximately 21:00 on Saturday, 26 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Dir Balout village, west of Salfit, and removed it later.
  • On Tuesday, 28 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Salfit and at the western entrance to Hares village.

Qalqiliyia:

  • At approximately 22:30 on Saturday, 26 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village, east of Qalqiliyia.
  • On Wednesday, 29 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village and at the southern entrance to Kafur Laqef village.

Tulkarm:

  • At approximately 19:00 on Thursday, 24 April 2020, IOF closed with a metal-detector gate the entrance to Safareen village, southeast of Tulkarm, and re-opened it later.

Ramallah:

  • On Saturday, 25 April 2020, IOF closed with a metal-detector gate the main entrance to Dir Abu Mish’al village, northwest of Ramallah.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (16 – 22 April 2020)

Posted by PCHR

16 -22  April 2020

  • IOF raids into oPt: a dangerous vulnerability in Palestinian preventive measures to combat the spread of coronavirus
  • Israeli occupation authorities impede Palestinian efforts to combat coronavirus in occupied East Jerusalem
  • 10 Palestinian civilians sustained wounds, including 9 in the West Bank and a fisherman in Gaza
  • 12 shootings reported against agricultural lands and 5 at Palestinian fishing boats in eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 39 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem: 38 civilians arrested, including 5 children and a woman
  • Café, barracks and barn destroyed and notices of demolition of two houses and agricultural rooms in the West Bank
  • Settlers attacks in the West Bank: assaults on civilians, olive trees uprooted and sabotaged in the West Bank
  • IOF established 10 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank, roads closed and 2 civilians arrested at IOF checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to violate Palestinians’ human rights and commit crimes against civilians and their properties, conducting raids into Palestinian cities without regard to the state of emergency declared across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) since 06 March 2020, in the efforts put forward to combat the spread of coronavirus. IOF raids are conducted without proper attention to prevention and safety standards to mitigate the risk of transmitting coronavirus to Palestinian territory, as the virus is widespread throughout Israel. PCHR’s concerns over Israeli raids still stand, as those raids undermine preventive measures adopted by the government. Meanwhile, settlers backed up by IOF continued to seize more civilian property and attack civilians and their property. Furthermore, PCHR expresses its concern over the Israeli occupation’s policy of banning any preventive measures by the Palestinian Authority in occupied East Jerusalem, especially that Israel has adopted lenient measures in the city despite its responsibility for it under international law as an occupying power.

This week, PCHR documented 89 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.  The restrictions imposed under the state of emergency have hindered our fieldwork team’s ability to cover all incidents in the oPt and were forced to collect information via phone from trusted local sources. As such, this report is an incomprehensive record of Israeli violations of human rights against Palestinians in the oPt, as IOF continues its attacks against civilians despite the exceptional circumstances that have overcome the whole world in the face of a life-threatening viral pandemic.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 10 Palestinian civilians were shot and wounded by IOF as the latter continues its excessive use of force; 9 in the West Bank and 1 fisherman in Gaza. IOF opened fire 5 times during raids into the West Bank; 12 shootings against the agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip while 5 shootings were reported against Palestinian fishing boats off the northern Gaza Strip shore.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 39 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 38 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children and a woman. Also, IOF conducted two limited incursions into southern and northern Gaza Strip.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented the demolition of a café, barracks and barn; demolition notices to a house in Nablus and another one in Bethlehem; 4 notice to cease work at agricultural rooms in Hebron and confiscation of a “Mercedes Benz” truck and a construction vehicle in Jericho.

PCHR also documented 6 settler attacks: uprooting and sabotaging olive trees in Qalqilya; assaults on a Palestinian and uprooting of olive trees in Ramallah; banning Palestinians from working in their lands and assault on a Palestinian and theft of two sheep in Hebron.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

Israeli authorities declared  that Beit Hanoun “Erez” Crossing and West Bank Crossings will be opened on 16 April 2020 after a 5-week closure, under the pretext of confronting the fast-spreading coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak.

This comes in a time when the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 08:50 on Thursday,16 April 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’a village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:00 on the same Thursday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Gaza Valley (Juhor al-Deek), southeast of Gaza City, fired tear gas canisters at Palestinian shepherds. As a result, the shepherds had to leave the area fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 12:30 on Friday, 17 April 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence in eastern al-Shoka village, east of Rafah, opened fire at agricultural lands, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on the same Friday, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafer Qadoum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 23-year-old young man was shot with a rubber bullet in the head, a 49-year-old man was shot with a rubber bullet in his chest and a 25-year old young man was shot with a rubber bullet in the left leg.
  • At approximately 13:40 on the same Friday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:15 on Saturday, 18 April 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northeast of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and sporadically opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing are (2 – 3 nautical miles). The attack continued from time to time until 10:00 on the same day. As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:50 on Saturday, 18 April 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, fired tear gas canisters at a group of Palestinian farmers in eastern Khuza’a village, adjacent to border fence. no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:30 on the same Saturday, Israeli gunboats stationed at sea off al-Balakhiyah area, northwest of Gaza City, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (4 nautical miles). As a result, a fishing boat owned by Ahmed Ahmed Hasan Zedan (29), from al-Shati refugee camp, sustained live bullets. As a result, the boat was broken. Fishermen also panicked and sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00 on the same Saturday, IOF stationed along the border fence, northeast of the Agriculture School, north of Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at the border area adjacent to the border fence. As a result, Palestinian shepherds and a number of farmers, whose lands are adjacent to the border area, panicked. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 07:40 on Sunday, 19 April 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, fired tear gas canisters at a group of Palestinian farmers, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:50 on the same Sunday, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of al-Balalikhah area, northwest of Gaza City, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (5 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen were forced to  flee fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the border fence, north of the Agriculture School, north of Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at the border area, adjacent to the border area. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 13:30 on Monday, 20 April 2020 IOF stationed at Za’tarah checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, detained and attacked 3 civilians, from Jenin, by their feet and rifle’s butt  at the checkpoint before they released them. The wounded civilians were transferred to Rafidiya Hospital in Nablus for medical treatment. The wounded civilians were identified as: Ra’ed Yusuf Suleiman Khanfar (43), who works at the Palestinian national security service, sustained bruises in his right shoulder; Nasim Omer Mustafa Salah (22), sustained bruises in front side of his neck, lower back, right thigh, abdomen and a fracture  in his left hand; and Suheib Maher Tawfiq Abu Obeid  (23) sustained bruises in the lower back.
  • At approximately 15:30 on the same Monday, IOF stationed along the border fence, southeast of Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at the border area, adjacent to the border fence. Palestinian shepherds and a number of farmers, whose lands are adjacent to the border fence, panicked. Neither casualties nor material was reported.
  • At approximately 22:00 on the same Monday, a number of Palestinian young men and youngsters protested at the western entrance to Taqou’s village, east of Bethlehem. They threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers stationed in the military watchtower near the abovementioned entrance. Israeli soldiers fired live bullets at the protestors. As a result, a civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in the thigh and was arrested by IOF. He was taken to Sha’arei Tzedek Hospital in West Jerusalem, for treatment. IOF claimed in a statement that Israeli soldiers saw a number of Palestinians who were about to throw Molotov Cocktails at a military site. Israeli soldiers opened fire at them and wounded one of them. The wounded civilian received medical treatment on the field and was taken via an Israeli ambulance to a hospital in Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Tuesday, 21 April 2020, IOF stationed in the vicinity of the annexation wall, north of Qalqilya, fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at a group of Palestinian civilians, claiming that they were stoned. As a result, a 22-year-old civilian was shot with a live bullet in the right foot. He was transferred to Darwish Nazal Hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 09:30 on the same Tuesday, Israeli gunboats stationed  northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased  and opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area(3 nautical miles). As a result, a fishing boat’s engine was broken owned by fisherman Fahed Ziyad Hasan Baker (43), from al-Shati refugee camp, west of Gaza City. IOF surrounded and opened fire at the boat for 10 minutes and withdrew after that. Palestinian fishermen managed to drag the boat to Gaza Sea port. The owner’s son, Ziyad Fahed Baker (25) was shot with a rubber bullet in his head. He was taken to al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza City and his injury was classified as minor.
  • At approximately 13:20 on the same Tuesday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds. The shepherds were forced to leave the area fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:15, on the same Tuesday, IOF stationed along the border fence, north of the Agriculture School, north of Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at the border area. Palestinian shepherds and a number of famers, whose lands are adjacent to the border fence, panicked. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 18:00 on the same Tuesday, IOF moved into Kuber village, north of Ramallah and stationed in the vicinity of the western entrance to the village. A number of Palestinian young men protested  and threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli soldiers and the latter chased them and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 32-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in his abdomen. He was transferred to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 21:30 Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 2 – 4 nautical miles). IOF also fired a number of artillery shells in the vicinity of the boats. As a result, fishermen panicked and fled from the area. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Wednesday, 22 April 2020, IOF moved inot al-Sawahrah eastern village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched family houses of Ibrahim Mohammed ‘Ali Halsah (25), who was killed an hour after he carried out a run-over attack and stabbed an Israeli soldiers at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem. In the meantime, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli soldiers while the latter responded with live and rubber bullets and tear gas canisters. As a result, a civilian was shot with a rubber bullet  and another civilian sustained wounds in his face according to the statement of Palestine Red Crescent Society. IOF arrested 3 civilians, including the victim’s, Ibrahim, mother, ‘Aeshah Halsah (54) before they withdrew from the village.
  • At approximately 15:30 on the same Wednesday, IOF stationed southeast of Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at the border area adjacent to the border fence. As a result, Palestinian shepherds and a number of farmers, whose lands adjacent to the border fence, panicked. No casualties were reported.
  1. Incursions and arrests

Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 16 April 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Talfit village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Mujahed Mohammed al-Talfiti’s (36) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 09:00, Israeli Intelligence Services summoned Palestine TV reporter in Jerusalem, Christine Khaled Rinawi (31), via a phone call to refer to al-Maskoubeya Police Station in West Jerusalem, at approximately 22:00 of the same day.

Al-Rinawi said that the Israeli Intelligence Services investigated with her for 3 consecutive hours about her work at Palestine TV and the media messages that she spread via TV and her Facebook page. She added that the Security Officers accused her that she did not commit to the Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan decision to ban the TV staff from doing any work for 6 months, which was expired two days ago. Al-Rinawi said that she was threatened by the Israeli Authority to renew the decision of banning the Palestine TV staff in Jerusalem again. Six months ago, IOF has shut down Palestine TV office in Jerusalem, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, arrested and barred its employees from doing any work for the TV in Jerusalem.

  • At approximately 09:30, IOF summoned Head of Silwan Institutions, Fawzi Ghaleb Sha’ban (56), via a phone call to refer to al-Maskoubeya Police Center in West Jerusalem.

Sha’ban said that the Israeli security services investigated with him for 5 consecutive hours about the medical check-ups and the emergency room’s services provided to the civilians in Silwan, which was established after increasing the cases number of Coronavirus and the clear deliberate neglect by the Israeli Authorities. Sha’ban said that he refused to be released on their conditions which are bail and 5 days of home confinement, so he was released without conditions.

  • IOF carried out (7) incursions in Hebron and Tarqoumeya in Hebron Governorate, Nablus Awarta, and Salem villages in Nablus Governorate, al-Maddeya, Na’leen in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 17 April 2020:

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF chased the Palestinian farmer Shihada Salama Makhamra (50) while he was passing with his shepherds in al-Hamra area heading to al-Masafer, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. Basel Suliman al-Adra (24) was documenting the settler’s violations, when two of the Israeli soldiers came and ordered him to give them his camera, but he refused. IOF beaten al-Adra and seized his camera, then they tried to arrest him, when al-Tawani village people gathered and intervened which allowed al-Adra to leave. During that time, a group of settlers arrived from “Ma’on” settlement and pulled their guns at the civilians which forced them to leave their lands.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF severely beaten and arrested (4) civilians including children, while present in Qanater Khudair neighborhood in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. The arrestees are: Anas Mustafa Marqasto (19), Abdul Rahman Daher l-Sharbati (16), Mohammed Taha (24), and Waseem Taha (20).

Eyewitnesses said that IOF quarreled with Qanater Khudair people due to issuing tickets for a group of them claiming that they breached the IOF orders to reduce the Coronavirus infection. During that, IOF came and arrested 4 civilians.

  • At approximately 20:20, IOF reinforced by several military vehicles moved into Ya’bud, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched Khaled Mohammed Abu Baker’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in al-Asja and Raboud villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 18 April 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into several neighborhoods in Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians: Yaqoub Mohammed Ramadan (18), Adham Mohammed Ramadan (19), Nayef Ali al-Rajabi (20), Marwan Ali Ghaith (20), and Salem Saleh Abu Shukhaidim (20).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Obaideya village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Zaid Nour Rabay’a’s (20) house and arrested him.

Sunday, 19 April 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Share’ al-Salam area, in Hebron. They raided and searched anti-settlement activist Mohammed Ahmed Zughayar’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched Suhaib Ali al-Junaidi’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Silwan village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Rasheed Kayed Abu Sara’s (16) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF stationed at Mafi Dutan temporary military checkpoint near ‘Araba, southwest of Jenin, arrested Murad Mohmoud Abu Salah (25). IOF took him to an unknown destination.

Monday, 20 April 2020:

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Taqoua’ village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mousa Mohammed al-‘Amour’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Deir Samit village, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched four houses and arrested (4) civilians: Basheer Salama al-Haroub (30), Mohammed Wael al-Haroub (29), Mohammed Dawoud al-Haroub (24), and Issa Mohammed al-Haroub (22).
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at Mafi Dutan temporary military checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Basel Mohammed Atatera (17), from the abovementioned village, and took him to an unknown destination.

Thursday, 21 April 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Far’oun village, south of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Abdul Rahman Mohammed Omar’s (17), and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nahaleen village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hasan Ibrahim Fanoun (29) and Mohammed No’man Ghayatha, and arrested them. IOF also handed Saif Ahmed Najajera (23) a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of the city.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Ya’bud, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Kareem Kamal Abu Baker (19) and Antar Oqab Nufai’at (20), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with 9 military vehicles, moved 100-meters from Abu Safeya Gate, north of the Gaza Strip, to the west of the border fence. They leveled and combed lands that were previously leveled amidst Israeli sporadic shooting. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF arrested Marzouq Hashima (31) while present in al-Wad Street in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Marzouq was taken to one of the investigation centers in the village.

Wednesday, 22 April 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Deir Samit village, southwest of Hebron Governorate. They raided and searched Ra’fat Nimir Masalma’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Abu Roman area, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Anas Ali al-Najjar’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:20, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Deir Jarir, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abdul Rahman Mosbah Olwi (21). It should be noted that Olwi is a student at Birzeit University.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and bulldozers, moved 100-meters from the border fence with Israeli into al-Shouka neighborhood, east of Rafah, south of the Gaza Strip. They leveled and combed lands before they redeployed again at approximately 12:00.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians including a child: Mohammed Awni Ateya (15), Mohammed Omar Ateya (20), and Ahmed Jamal Ateya (24).
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Betounya, al-Jalazoun refugee camp, and Sarda villages in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  1. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities
  • At approximately 12:00 on Friday, 17 April 2020, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Froosh Beit Dajan, northeast of Nablus. The Israeli Civil Administration officers handed Ahmed Ibrahim Banayyat a notice to demolish his 120-square-meter house, that is under construction, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C.
  • At approximately 00:00 on Saturday, 18 April 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into al-‘Ojah village, northeast of Jericho. The soldiers were deployed in the area, where they confiscated Tayseer Mohamed Jaraheed’s truck and bulldozer, under the pretext of working in Area C.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Sunday, 19 April 2020, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Tiba are, east of Tarqumiyia village, northwest of Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers hanged 3 notices on agricultural rooms to stop working under the pretext of non-licensing. The notices were as follows:
  1. ‘Ayed Mohamed Fataftah: stop working in his 50-square-meter agricultural room built of bricks and roofed with tin plates.
  2. Kayed Ahmed Fataftah: stop working in his 60-square-meter agricultural room and its facilities. The room was built of bricks and roofed with concrete.
  3. Tareq Mohamed Zabaniyia: stop working in his 70-square-meter agricultural room and its facilities. The room was built of bricks and roofed with concrete.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 20 April 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Athar area, west of Sabastiyia village, northwest of Nablus. IOF demolish Nael Rizeq Diyab al-Sakha’s 50-square-meter café. On 05 February 2020, IOF handed al-Shakha a demolition notice and gave him until 26 February 2020 to implement the demolition, under the pretext of “illegal construction”. It should be noted that IOF demolished al-Sakha’s café, which was built in the same area 4 years ago.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Mas’ouda area, southwest of Barqah village, northwest of Nablus. IOF demolished Mosheer Suliman Saif’s barrack and livestock barn. It should be noted that on 05 February 2020, IOF hanged a demolition notice on Saif’s 150-square-meter facility and gave him until 26 February 2020 to implement the demolition, under the pretext of “illegal construction”. On 07 March 2019, IOF demolished Saif’s house located in the same area, under the pretext of illegal construction.
  • IOF notified a Palestinian civilian, from Jorat al-Sham’ah village, south of Bethlehem, to demolish his agricultural barrack, under the pretext of non-licensing. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that IOF handed Mohamed Ahmed Abu Hammad a notice to demolish his 120-square-meter barrack.
  • On Tuesday, 21 April 2020, IOF notified Saleh Mohamed al-Mahsari to demolish his under-construction house in Um Rokba area in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that IOF notified al-Mahsari to demolish his 130-square-meter house within 96 hours, under the pretext of non-licensing. Breijieh pointed out that IOF escalated their attacks against Um Rokba area, where many houses are threatened to be demolished and stop construction works in them.
  • At approximately 10:00 on the same day, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with the Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Toni village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers handed Jamal Mohamed ‘Issa al-Yateem a notice to stop working in a 40-square-meter residential room, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C.
  1. Israeli Settler Violence
  • At approximately 17:00 on Thursday, 14 April 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Helmish” settlement, which is established on Tal al-Qastal lands in Ramallah, severely beat with sticks ‘Issa ‘Abed al-Ghani Qattash and his brother Mousa, from al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of the city, while present in their agricultural land. As a result, they sustained moderate wounds and bruises and received treatment at Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Monday, 20 April 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Karmi Yatsour” settlement, which is established on Beit Ummer village lands, attacked al-Bowirah area, under the IOF protection. The settlers and IOF prevented Slaibi family from reclaiming their land and forced them at gunpoint to leave. It should be noted that al-Bowirah area witnesses recurrent IOF’s attacks, under the pretext of throwing stones at Israeli settlers.
  • Around the same time, at least 15 Israeli settlers, from “‘Adi ‘Ad” settlement, attacked ‘Abed al-Qader ‘Abdullah al-Kouk’s agricultural land in al-Seder area in Termas’iyia village, northeast of Ramallah. The settlers damaged a barbed wire surrounding the land and cut about 22 olive trees planted 5 years ago.
  • Israeli settlers, from “Kodomin” settlement, raided Ahmed ‘Abdullah Barham’s land in Khelet al-Natsh area in Kafur Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilya. The settlers damaged 35 olive trees, uprooted 19 others and broke the twigs of at least 16 trees.
  • On Tuesday, 21 April 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Adi ‘Ad” settlement, attacked Jameel ‘Abdullah Na’san’s agricultural land, under the IOF protection. The settlers cut al least 30 olive trees planted 10 years ago in Abu Lemwas area in al-Moghair village, northeast of Ramallah.
  • At approximately 13:00, two Israeli settlers, from ” Matsi Yaier” settlement outpost, which is established on the confiscated Palestinian lands, east of Yatta, south of Hebron, attacked Jebreel No’man Na’meen (55) while returning with his sheep to his house in Kherbet Qawawees. The settlers stole two sheep and left the area.
  • Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

Israeli authorities declared  that Beit Hanoun “Erez” Crossing and West Bank Crossings will be opened on 16 April 2020 after closing them for 5 weeks, under the pretext of confronting the fast-spreading coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak.

  • West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the movement of goods and individuals between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 10 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 2 of them.

Hebron:

  • On Friday, 17 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to al-Dahriyia village, south of Hebron.
  • On Monday, 20 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Kharsa and al-Dahiriyia villages.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 16 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint between ‘Azoun and Kafur al-Thulth villages, east of Qalqilya. The checkpoint was later removed.
  • On Thursday, 16 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Friday, 17 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint between ‘Izbet al-Tabeeb and ‘Azoun villages, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Saturday, 18 April 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints between ‘Azoun and Kafur al-Thulth villages, between ‘Azoun and Izbet al-Tabeeb village, and at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.

Tubas:

  • On Thursday, 16 April 2020, IOF stationed at al-Tayasser checkpoint, at the eastern entrance to Tubas, tightened their arbitrary measures against the Palestinian civilians who cross the checkpoint and undergo thorough searches before being allowed to cross.

Jenin:

  • On Sunday, 19 February 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kafereet village, southwest of Jenin.

Nablus:

  • At approximately 17:50 on Sunday, 19 April 2020, IOF closed with sand berms and cement cubes al-Moraba’a intersection, connecting between Nablu and other villages located in south-eastern of Nablus. They also closed the metal detector gate placed on Ma’dama bridge, under al-Moraba’a intersection.
  • On Monday, 20 April 2020, IOF closed ‘Ortah and Hawarah checkpoints at the south-eastern entrance to Nablus, so the only outlet for Nablus southern villages became Yatizhar bypass road and the only entrance to the village became through Dir Sharaf village, the western entrance to Nablus.

Press Institutions Urge Secure Release of Palestinian Journalists amid Coronavirus

Source

Press Institutions Urge Secure Release of Palestinian Journalists amid Coronavirus

By Staff, Agencies

More than a dozen press institutions have appealed to United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet to pressure the Zionist regime to release Palestinian journalists being held in ‘Israeli’ occupation prisons and detention centers amid the coronavirus pandemic.

The eighteen institutions, in a letter addressed to the Chilean politician on Monday, expressed great concern over the increasing cases of infection with the novel coronavirus in the Zionist entity and the ‘Israeli’-occupied Palestinian territories, warning that they fear the deadly disease could afflict thousands of Palestinian inmates, including journalists, in ‘Israeli’ prisons.

The institutions noted that Palestinian prisoners’ lives are at risk in the Zionist jails in light of COVID-19 pandemic since the prisons lack basic medical equipment and prevalent medical negligence has claimed the lives of dozens of the detainees in the past years.

They finally urged the UNHCR and the international community to take proper measures aimed at releasing the detainees from Zionist prisons amid the coronavirus outbreak, and compel the ‘Israel’ Prison Service [IPS] to provide access to detention facilities and abide by the rules of the international law, particularly Article 3 and 4 of the Geneva Conventions.

Turkey’s official Anadolu news agency, citing a statement by Deputy of Palestinian Journalist Syndicate Tahseen al-Astal, reported on April 17 that at least 13 journalists are currently being held in ‘Israeli’ prisons.

The Palestinian journalists are held in detention so that they could not cover crimes of ‘Israeli’ occupation soldiers against Palestinian people.

Palestinians mark Prisoner Day amid fears of Corona virus spread in Israeli jails

Source

 Friday, 17 April 2020 16:40 

The Palestinians mark today Prisoner Day in honour of the Palestinian detainees in Israeli jails and their sacrifices in the battle of steadfastness in defence of their people’s legitimate rights amid international silence towards the flagrant Israeli violations.

Endorsed by the Palestinian National Council in 1974, The Palestinian Prisoner Day is commemorated this year  amidst grave fears of the Palestinian families  in light of the occupation authorities’ medical negligence and their rejection to take any precautionary measures to protect the captives against the spread of the Corona virus.

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas demanded from the international community and its legal and humanitarian organizations to put pressure on the occupation authorities to release them in light of the accelerated spread of the Corona virus pandemic.

The Palestinian Foreign Ministry said that the Palestinian detainees in Israeli jails are facing the danger of the fatal virus which penetrated into Israeli prisons because of the occupation authorities’ deliberate medical negligence.

Several Palestinians bodies in charge of captives affairs said that about 5000 Palestinians captives are being detained by the occupation authorities including 41 women and 180 children. They stressed that there are 700 captives suffering from chronic diseases calling for sending an international medical committee to the Palestinian inmates’ cells  to be briefed about their deteriorating health conditions. 

K.Q

Dr. Ashrawi: Palestinian Prisoners are Hostages to Israel’s Gratuitous Cruelty and Must be Released

Friday, 17 April 2020

On the Day of the Palestinian Prisoner, the Palestinian leadership renews its call for the release of all Palestinians imprisoned by Israel.  According to a press release sent today to Syria Times e-newspaper, the member of the PLO Executive Committee Dr. Hanan Ashrawi said that Palestinian political prisoners languishing in Israeli detention centers and prisons are hostages to Israel’s gratuitous cruelty and victims of its regime of oppression and subjugation, which has maintained this illegal occupation for decades.  Dr. Ashrawi made it clear that approximately 5000 Palestinians are currently imprisoned by Israel in deplorable conditions, including 432 so-called administrative detainees languishing in prison without charge or trial. “In violation of international humanitarian law, Israel subjects Palestinians to a myriad of racist and illegitimate laws that deny them their basic rights to due process and justice. On the Day of the Palestinian Prisoner, the Palestinian leadership renews its call for the release of all Palestinians imprisoned by Israel. This call takes on added urgency, as 700 Palestinian prisoners suffer from chronic illnesses and other underlying conditions that make them especially vulnerable during the COVID-19 pandemic, ” Dr. Ashrawi added.  She asserted that as the Palestinian people confront the challenges of colonial occupation and this vicious virus, Israel has persisted in its illegal policies against Palestinian prisoners.  “Israel has denied Palestinian prisoners access to family and lawyer visits and refused to take any preventive measures inside prisons, including testing for COVID-19, even after 1 prisoner tested positive upon release and several occupation officers in prisons have tested positive. Israel has also persisted in its illegal policy of arbitrary mass detention of Palestinians. Since the outbreak of the pandemic, Israeli occupation forces have detained 357 Palestinians across the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem. Among those detained are 48 children.” Dr. Ashrawi concluded by saying: “As an occupying power, Israel has undeniable and binding obligations under international law. It is directly responsible for the life and health of all prisoners and must face consequences for its grave violations of international law. We call on all human rights defenders and relevant international organizations to support our call for the release of Palestinian prisoners and their protection from this deadly virus.” Basma Qaddour

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بمناسبة يوم الأسير الفلسطيني رسالة مفتوحة إلى مَن يهمّه الأمر

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أنا واحد من هؤلاء الأسرى، عشت بينهم عشرات السنين، كان من الممكن أن أكون رقماً آخرَ يضاف الى العدد الإجمالي للأسرى، 5000، فيصبح 5551.

أرقام اعتدنا على سماعها في كل صباح ومساء، وما عادت تعني لنا شيئاً. تحررت مؤخراً، لا لكي اصمت، وانما كي احكي الحكاية، حكاية من بقوا داخل الأسر، حكاية ما يجري هناك داخل سجون الاحتلال الإسرائيلي.

انا هنا، كي أصرخ صرختهم، وكي أحكي وجعهم.

أنا قادم من هناك، من معتقلات تعيش خارج الزمن، وخارج العصر والحياة، وخارج القانون، وخارج أي شرعية أخلاقية او إنسانية، كل شيء هناك مباح أمام الجلاد، يفعل ما يشاء، ولا أحد يبالي، يزجنا بالآلاف داخل المعتقلات ولا أحد يسأل. يحاصرنا الجلاد بسياطه وعصيه وأسلاكه وقضبانه وجدرانه العاليه،، ويحاصرنا النسيان والإهمال والذاكرة العربية المفقودة أصلاً. عصي الجلاد تؤلمنا، ويقتلنا أكثر، ذلكم الصمت الذي يلفنا من كل جانب.

ذهبت النخوة العربية وما عاد لها أي أثر، كنا يوماً عناوين بارزة، تبدأ بها نشرات الأخبار والمهرجانات الاحتفالية والخطب والقصائد، يوم قمنا بأعمالنا النضالية ضد الاحتلال، كل بطولة من تلك البطولات التي هزت الكيان الصهيوني، مرتبطة بشخص او أشخاص عديدين. المحتل يعاقبنا على ما قمنا به بالسجن مدى الحياة عشرات المرات، والذاكرة العربية أخذت البطولة، وتركت صاحبها في الأسر لعشرات السنين. أي انفصام في ذاكرة تمجد البطولة وتدفن البطل!! أي نخوة تلك، التي تشتعل لدى سماعها نبأ عملية فدائية ضد هذا المحتل، وتنطفئ امام سنوات الأسر الطويلة!! أي شعر ذاك الذي يمجد بطولات المناضلين الفلسطينيين في الوطن المحتل، ويصمت دهراً، أمام ما يلاقيه الأسرى في سجون الاحتلال.

فلسطين ليست مجرد اسم في الهواء، وليست مجرد قضية معلقة في الفضاء، فلسطين هي الإنسان الفلسطيني، هي الأرض الفلسطينية، هي الأسير الفلسطيني، هي أسرة الشهيد الفلسطيني، هي من هدمت منازلهم، ومنعوا من الخروج من القرية، ومَن أهينوا وضربوا على الحواجز، فلسطين هي العمال الذين يقفون بالآلاف على المعابر في منتصف الليل بانتظار فرصة عمل داخل الكيان، فرصة عمل قد تأتي وقد لا تأتي، فلسطين هي العمال الذين يدخلون تهريباً الى فلسطين المحتلة عام 48 للعمل في مهن وحرف لا يتنازل الإسرائيلي للقيام بها، وفي ظروف تذكرنا بالعبودية، وإذا ما ضبط هذا الفلسطيني متلبساً بجرم «العمل الشريف من أجل لقمة العيش»، يُزج به في سجون الاحتلال. عمال خارج القانون وخارج الزمن وخارج الذاكرة العربية. منسيون، تماماً مثلنا نحن الأسرى، نعيش خارج الزمن وخارج الذاكرة العربية.

نحن الأسرى في سجون الاحتلال، لسنا مجرد تقارير في ملفات المخابرات الإسرائيلية، ولسنا مجرد أرقام في الذاكرة العربية التي تفرح كلما ارتفع الرقم.

لكل أسير منا اسم وهوية، وذكريات طفولة في شوارع قريته. لكل أسير أسرة تنتظره، أم تعدّ سنوات الاعتقال ليس بالأيام وإنما بالثواني، وتعدّ ما تبقى لإبنها كي يتحرّر بأجزاء من الثانية، تحسب كل يوم، كم عيداً مرّ، وكم عيداً سيمرّ، كم وجبة إفطار مرّت، وكم وجبة إفطار ستمرّ. لكل أسير فتاة كان يحبها، وقد اتفقا على ترتيبات الخطبة أو الزواج، بعضهن ما زلن ينتظرن، والبعض الآخر هجرن أو أجبرن على الهجران لانعدام الأمل، وبقي هذا الحب المكلوم معلقاً على جدران السجن، يحرق قلب الأسير كل لحظة لسنوات طوال.

لسنا أرقاماً في الذاكرة العربية، وإنما للبعض منا أبناء، وبنات ولدن في عام الاعتقال ذاته، وكبروا، وأصبحت أعمارهم بعدد سنوات أسر الأب، تحتفل الإبنة بعيد ميلادها العشرين، لتتلقفها الذاكرة، وتصوب قلبها الى السجن، ويتحول الاحتفال الى تراجيديا عشرينية الأسر، تخرج من بيتها يوم زفافها، بعد أن تأجل الموعد عشرات المرات، على أمل أن يشارك الأب في زفاف ابنته، وعندما يفقد الجميع الأمل بكل الفرص الضائعة وغير الضائعة، الفرص الحقيقية والفرص المفترضة في عالم الخيال، يقام الفرح اليتيم بغياب الأب الممدّد على سرير في زنزانة، يقضي ذاك اليوم وتلك الليلة، في استحضار مشاهد مأخوذة من عالم الخيال، لزواج ابنته في عالم الواقع! يمضي عمره وكل سنوات الأسر، وهو ممزق، بين خياله الرحيب وواقعه المرير!

لسنا أرقاماً في الذاكرة العربية، وإنما للبعض منا زوجة تنتظر، اعتُقل العريس يوم زفافه، او قبل أن يتمم شهر العسل، وبقيت الفرحة معلقة في الهواء، وبقيت الأحلام وخطط المستقبل متناثرة، بين مكان الفرح وجدران السجن!

تمضي السنون، وخطط المولود القادم تؤجل من عام الى آخر، اختاروا الاسم، ورسموا مستقبل الطفل القادم، الذي لم يأت بعد، لأن الذاكرة العربية غيّبت اسم الأب، وأطفأت أنوار حفل الزفاف!

عشرون عاماً في الأسر، والعد التنازلي لا يتوقف، وفرص الإنجاب في قلق، العمر البيولوجي للإنجاب، لا ينتظر الذاكرة العربية كي تستيقظ، كل شيء مهدّد بالانهيار من حوله، وان لم يأت المولود هذا العام فلن يأتي ابدًا!

لا بأس من الانتظار أشهراً عدة، ربما يأتي المجهول بما يوقظ الذاكرة العربية، وتمنحه فرصة أخيرة، بولادة أحلام من رحم هذه الذاكرة، كي ينقذ القارب من الغرق.

صمت يطبق من حوله، ولا شيء يتغير، يقرّر أن يتصرف، فإن لم يقدم هو على المغامرة، فلن تفيده تلك النخوة النائمة، فيخاطر، ويهرّب نطفة، منه، لتلتقي مع نصفه الآخر، تتحدّى كل قوانين وإجراءات الجلاد، وتتحد مع نصفها الآخر، لتتكون أحلام، في رحم المعاناة والقهر والحرمان!

ما عادت تهمه كل الأيام والشهور والسنين المتبقية، وما عادت تعني له النخوة العربية أي شيء، سيان عنده، إن استفاقت من سباتها أم لم تستفق!

هي تسعة أشهر، وستأتي أحلام معلنةً انتصاره على جدران السجن وعلى النسيان،، خاض معركته بمفرده، بعد أن جرد من بطولته، وتخلّى عنه الجميع، وترك وحيداً في الميدان.

خاطر بكل شيء وتحدّى، تسعة اشهر، توازي كل سنوات الأسر التي مرّ بها، تولد أحلام بعد أن مرت بكل مراحل التهريب!

طفلة خارج الزمن، وخارج المنطق، وخارج القانون، وبكل تأكيد، خارج الذاكرة العربية!

هي تشبهنا بكل شيء، بولادتها تحكي حكايتنا، تروي كل شيء.

أحلام… اصرخي صرختنا… قولي لهم من أنتِ… لا تصمتي… أيقظي ما تبقى من الذاكرة العربية… ايقظي ما تبقى من النخوة العربية!

قولي لهم: (أريد أبي… لقد سلبه الاحتلال حريته وسنوات عمره، وأخذتم أنتم بطولته، أريد ما تبقى من أبي، إنه لي وحدي، ارسلني خارج الأسر كي أدافع عنه، وأصرخ صرخته، وأحكي وأشكو وجعه!

أرسلني إلى وطني في هذه الدنيا، بعد ان انتظر عشرات السنين، ولم يصله منكم سوى الصمت، ولا شيء غير الصمت…

أريد أبي حياً، أعيش معه ما تبقى له من عمر، قبل أن يتحوّل الى ذكرى مدفونة في التراب، عندها لن أصدقكم، ولن أصدق كل قصائدكم وأشعاركم وأغانيكم، التي تمجد ذكرى أبي).

عميد الأسرى السوريّين المحررين

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Palestine(09 – 15 April 2020)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (09 – 15 April 2020)

By PCHR

Israeli violations of human rights in the occupied Palestinian territory

09 – 15 April 2020

  • IOF raids into oPt: a dangerous vulnerability in Palestinian preventive measures to combat the spread of coronavirus
  • Israeli occupation authorities impede Palestinian efforts to combat coronavirus in occupied East Jerusalem; and threatens public safety by allowing workers to return to the West Bank without prior coordination
  • Real threats arise on the lives of Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails within the coronavirus pandemic
  • 3 Palestinian civilians sustained wounds, including a worker in Qalqilya and 2 fishermen in Gaza
  • 3 children wounded after a device left by IOF in Hebron exploded
  • 11 shootings reported against agricultural lands and 5 at Palestinian fishing boats in eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • During 26 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem: 26 civilians arrested, including 3
  • Construction vehicle confiscated under pretext of operating in area C in Nablus
  • Settlers attacks in the West Bank: 2 children wounded, trees and lands sabotaged, and 2 tents erected
  • IOF established 13 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and put roadblocks; 5 civilians were arrested at IOF checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to violate Palestinians’ human rights and commit crimes against civilians and their properties, conducting raids into Palestinian cities without regard to the state of emergency declared across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) since 06 March 2020, in the efforts put forward to combat the spread of coronavirus. IOF raids are conducted without proper attention to prevention and safety standards to mitigate the risk of transmitting coronavirus to Palestinian territory, as the virus is widespread throughout Israel. PCHR’s concerns over Israeli raids still stand, as those raids undermine preventive measures adopted by the government. Meanwhile, settlers backed up by IOF continued to seize more civilian property and attack civilians and their property. Furthermore, PCHR expresses its concern over the Israeli occupation’s policy of banning any preventive measures by the Palestinian Authority in occupied East Jerusalem, especially that Israel has adopted lenient measures in the city despite its responsibility for it under international law as an occupying power. PCHR has also been increasingly wary of Palestinian prisoners’ situation in Israeli jails under the coronavirus pandemic; instead of adopting the necessary measures to protect inmates from the pandemic, Israeli authorities have adopted a number of measures that further violate prisoners’ rights. PCHR reiterates its calls for the Israeli authorities to urgently and immediately adopt the necessary measures for the protection of Palestinian prisoners from COVID-19, and calls for immediate release of all imprisoned patients, elderlies, women, and children.

This week, PCHR documented 71 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.  The restrictions imposed under the state of emergency have hindered our fieldwork team’s ability to cover all incidents in the oPt and were forced to collect information via phone from trusted local sources. As such, this report is an incomprehensive record of Israeli violations of human rights against Palestinians in the oPt, as IOF continues its attacks against civilians despite the exceptional circumstances that have overcome the whole world in the face of a life-threatening viral pandemic.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 3 Palestinian civilians were shot and wounded by IOF; 1 during suppression of civilians at Qalqilya; and 2 fishermen in Gaza. Also, 3 children sustained wounds as a suspicious device left by IOF exploded in Hebron. IOF opened fire 5 times during raids into the West Bank; 11 shootings against the agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip while 5 shootings were reported against Palestinian fishing boats off the northern Gaza Strip shore.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 26 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 26 Palestinians were arrested, including 3 children. Meanwhile, in the Gaza Strip, IOF arrested 3 young Palestinians while attempting to cross into Israel through the border fence area in Rafah; they were released after investigation.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented the confiscation of a construction vehicle in Beit Dojon village, northeast of Nablus, under the pretext of working in area C.

PCHR also documented 8 settler attacks: sabotaging olive trees seedlings in Ain Qesis, al-Khader village, southern Bethlehem; raids into Palestinian cities and neighbourhoods and a settlers’ tent erected in Salfit; 2 children assaulted an a settlers’ tent erected in Hebron; sewer water pumped into Bethlehem lands; and olive trees cut in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

For the fifth consecutive week, Israeli authorities continued to impose restrictions on Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing and West Bank Crossings under the pretext of confronting the fast-spreading coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak.

IOF continued to impose closure declared on Wednesday 08 April 2020, on the pretext of the Jewish Passover holiday. Israeli authorities stated that the closure that has already been imposed on the Palestinian areas will remain the same, as entry through the crossings will be allowed only for exceptional humanitarian cases and urgent medical cases.

In the Gaza Strip, Israeli authorities still continued to impose restrictions on Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing, except humanitarian cases would be allowed to pass through the crossing. Concerning Karem Abu Salem  (Kerem Shalom) Crossing, the crossing will be operated on a limited scale.

Also, Israeli authorities closed Erez Crossing on Wednesday and Thursday, 08/09 April 2020, and on Tuesday and Wednesday, 14/15 April 2020.

This comes in a time when the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 07:50 on Thursday, 09 April 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen Obai Adel Mohammed Jarbou’a (21) and Ahmed Abdul Fattah Ahmed al-Shurafi (23), from al-Shati refugee camp in Gaza City, were shot with several rubber bullets throughout their bodies. They were transferred to the Indonesian Hospital and their injuries were classified.
  • At approximately 19:00 on the same Thursday, IOF moved into Abu Tayeh neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a number of commercial shops and imposed a fine on their owners, claiming that they violated the Israeli government orders within combating the spread of coronavirus. When IOF raided a shop owned by Mahmoud Wa’el Abu Tayeh, the soldiers quarreled with him, so they heavily beat him. In the meantime, dozens of Palestinian young men attempted to protect Abu Tayeh, but Israeli soldiers  heavily fired live bullets and sound bombs in the air to disperse them. Israeli soldiers also arrested 4 young men after they beat them and they were identified as: Ala’a Tawfiq Abu Tayeh (22),his brother Ahmed (19), Mahmoud Wa’el Abu Tayeh (37) and his brother Mohammed.
  • At approximately 13:20 on Friday, 10 April 2020, IOF stationed at the eastern entrance established at lands of Kafer Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian young men participated, to demand opening the eastern street, which has been closed since 2003. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. They received medical treatment by the Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS) crews. Several live bullets hit a water tank on house’s roof of Asem Kamal ‘Aqel, causing its damage.
  • At approximately 15:00 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah, opened fire at agricultural lands. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 23:20 on the same Friday, IOF stationed along the border fence, south of Qalqilya, fired tear gas canisters at the Palestinian security services units and the emergency crews while they were watching water ferries to control the movement of workers from the West Bank to Israel after IOF opened them within the spread of corona virus  under fears it would be used to smuggle workers.
  • At approximately 08:20 on Saturday, 11 April 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah, opened fire at agricultural lands and Palestinian farmers. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 09:30 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:40 on the same Saturday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, fired tear gas canisters at a group of Palestinian farmers, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Sunday, 12 April 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza strip, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’a and Abasan villages, adjacent to the border fence. The shooting continued at 11:30 on the morning, east of Abasan village; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00 on the same Sunday, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives. The shooting recurred at 22:25 on the same day; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:15 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the border fence, north of the Agriculture School, north of Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at the border area, adjacent to the border fence. As a result, Palestinian shepherds and a number of farmers, whose lands are near the border area, panicked. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:45 on the same Sunday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi, opened fire at agricultural lands and Palestinian farmers. The shooting continued sporadically until 18:00 on the same day. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 14:30 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the border fence, north of Qalqiliyah, fired rubber bullets and sound bombs at a 22-year-old Palestinian young man, adjacent to Qalqiliyah, when he attempted to enter Israel for work. As a result, he was shot and injured with 3 rubber bullets in his right leg. The young man was transferred via a PRCS ambulance to the governmental hospital in Tulkarm.
  • At approximately 20:00 on the same Sunday, IOF moved into Obeid neighborhood, west of al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They deployed between houses and checked the residents’ ID cards. In the meantime, a number Palestinian young men protested and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers while the latter responded with sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. They received medical treatment on the field.
  • At approximately 06:30 on Monday, 13 April 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boat sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 2 – 3 nautical miles). IOF also pumped water at the boats. The attack continued from time to time until 09:55 on the same day. As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:30 on the same Monday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of al-Qararah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00 on the same Monday, 3 Palestinian children, from Bani Dar neighborhood, southeast of Hebron, sustained various wounds due to the explosion of a suspicious object from the remnants left by the Israeli forces, when the children were grazing sheep in the area. The wounded children identified as: Jamal Fares Jamal al-Badawai (13), Riyad Fares Jamal al-Badawi (16),a dn Mohammed Bilal Arafat Abu Turki (17), were transferred to the governmental hospital in Hebron.
  • At approximately 17:40 on the same Monday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 06:30 on Tuesday, 13 April 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (2 – 3 nautical miles), the stack continued sporadically until 07:50 on the same day. As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 21:30 on Tuesday, 14 April 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Shokah village, east of Rafah in southern Gaza Strip, fired live bullets and flare bombs when 3 Palestinian young men attempted to sneak into Israel. IOF later declared that they arrested the 3 young men after they sneaked into Israel. IOF questioned the 3 young men and then released them.
  1. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 09 April 2020:

  • IOF carried out an incursion in Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 10 April 2020:

  • At approximately 10:50, IOF moved into Kafr Qadoum, northeast of Qalqilya, and re-stormed it again at approximately 08:50, setting ambushes for the purpose of arresting civilians before the starting of the weekly march. No arrests were reported.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Ein Qinya, northwest of Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 11 April 2020:

  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Nahalin village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Taha Fannoun’s (23) house and arrested him. Mayor of Nahalin, Subhi Zaidan, said that IOF arrested Mohammad Taha Fannoun, who suffers from difficulties in pronunciation, after raiding his house in the Nahalin. Zaidan also stated that the IOF deliberately spit on the ground and walls during the raid.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Issaweya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Deya’ Ayman Obaid’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint in the Ibrahimi Mosque, in the Central Hebron’s Old City, arrested Mahdi Mohammed Abu Snaina (19). IOF claimed that Mahdi did not obey to the IOF’s orders. Mahdi was released after hour and a half.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Aqabat Jabr refugee camp, south of Jericho. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 14 April 2020:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mo’aweya Abdul Latif Ridwan (25), and Mahmoud Nidal Salim (24), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Beit Ummer, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Baha’ Ra’ed Ekhlaiel’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:10, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint near Azoun village, east of Qalqilya, and arrested Wajdi Tawfiq al-Jayyousi (29), from Tulkarm. IOF took Wajdi to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into the agricultural lands of Um al-Mawaker, west of Salfit. They arrested ‘Ameer Azzam Aziz Mar’i (22) and his brother Abdulah (24), and confiscated their mobile phones and ID cards, claiming that they were working in an agricultural land belonging to the State of Israel. IOF released them later.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into Betin village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Karam Hashem Zain al-Deen, and Mohammed ayman Taher (22).

Monday, 13 April 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Karkafa neighborhood, in Bethlehem. They raided and searched Shadi Mohammed Hasasna’s (34) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Zawata village, west of Nablus. They raided and searched Ahmed Ateya Mousa’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:10, IOF moved into Betounya, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ibrahim Naser Abu Radaha’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:40, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Beira. They stormed two houses in Um al-Sharayet and Sateh Marhaba neighborhoods, and arrested two civilians; one of them is a member of the Legislative Council dissolved by the authority. The arrestees are: Mohammed Hasan Abu Tair (69) and Abdul Jawad Omar Hamayel (30).
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stationed at Salem detention center, west of Jenin, arrested Suhaib Nasr Jarrar (31) from Barqin village, west of Jenin. IOF arrested him after the Israeli Intelligence Services summonsed him. It should be noted that IOF arrested Suhaib 3 times before and spent several years in the Israeli prisons. Furthermore, IOF killed his father and brother.

Tuesday, 14 April 2020:

  • At approximately 04:40, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Beira, they raided and searched two houses in Sateh Marhaba neighborhood and arrested Omar Abu al-Rab (27), and Lo’ay al-Sho’la (25).
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at the border fence, east of Faqou’a village, northeast of Jenin, arrested Mohammed Jamil Abu Khamees (32), and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 18:20, IOF stationed at the border fence northwest of Tawra village, southwest of Jenin, arrested two children; Abdul Rahmad Mo’ayad Qabha (15) and Aysar Muthanna Qabha (13), and took them to an unknown destination. At approximately 21:50, the two children were released after the intervention of the Palestinian liaison.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched the house of the Secretary of Fatah Movement, Ahmed al-Abbasi (53), and handed his family a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Ouz” police station, southeast of Jerusalem.

al-Abbasi said that the Israeli Intelligence Services phone called him and ordered him to refer immediately to the Barid police station on Salah al-Deen Street. While he was on his way he informed that IOF stormed his house and left a summons for him to refer to “Ouz” police station, southeast of Jerusalem. IOF investigated with him about the establishing of the Coronavirus medical center which is funded by the Palestinian Ministry of Health in Silwan. Al-Abbasi also was interrogated for his interview with a Palestinian channel where he talked about the efforts of the Palestinian Ministry of Health to prevent the spread of the Coronavirus in the occupied East Jerusalem. Al-Abbasi added that IOF released him next day at approximately 04:30, in condition of banning him from leaving his house for 5 days, and signed a bail of (5000NIS) and cut the connections of the emergency committees in the city. After a few hours of releasing him, IOF re-summonsed him for investigation and forced him to pay bail of (500) NIS claiming that he was present in the medical center which is funded by the Palestinian Ministry of Health.

  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ein Silwan Mosque yard, the place which the emergency committee specified to Coronavirus checkup, which is funded by the Palestinian Ministry of Health.

IOF carried out (3) incursions in Kharbet Bani Hareth, Badrs, and Shabtin, in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities
  • At approximately 11:00 on Wednesday, 15 April 2020, IOF accompanied with a military SUV moved into Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus. They confiscated a bulldozer belonging to Yousef Sari Yousef Nasasrah (58), from Beit Foreek village, while working in ‘Adel Abu Helwan’s land, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. IOF forced Nasasrah at gunpoint to drive the bulldozer toward “Makhoura” settlement in northern Jordan Valley and allowed him to leave later.

Israeli Settler Violence

  • On Sunday, 12 April 2020, Israeli settlers broke olive seedlings in ‘Ain Qisees lands in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that settlers broke at least 50 olive seedlings from Safi al-Deen Mohamed Da’dou’s land. Breijieh pointed out that since the beginning of the emergency state declared in Bethlehem, Israeli settlers  escalated their attacks against Palestinian farmers and their properties as they damaged hundreds of trees and seedlings in  the lands of al-Khader, Wadi Fokeen, Hosan and Wadi Rahaal villages.
  • At approximately 20:00, three settlers attacked and pepper-sprayed Samour (16) and Wajeh (17) al-Rajbi while they were playing in al-Salayimah neighborhood in Hebron’s Old City. Both of them were taken to Mohamed ‘Ali al-Mohtaseb Hospital. In the meantime, Palestinian young men gathered to confront the settlers, so IOF closed a fence surrounded al-Salayimah and Ghaith neighborhoods.
  • At approximately 14:30, Israeli settlers drove their vehicles and attempted to enter Qarawet Bani Hassan village lands, west of Salfit. Meanwhile, members of the village protection committee and Palestinian farmers intercepted them.
  • On Monday, 13 April 2018, Israeli settlers, from “Gush Etizon” settlement, south of Bethlehem, pumped wastewater at agricultural lands planted with grape vines in Wadi Shakheet, east of Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron. As a result, farmers suffered financial losses and their lands sustained material damage. It should noted that it was the second time that the settlers pumped wastewater at dunums belonging to Bahar and Sabarna families.
  • At approximately 17:00, settlers, from “Borkheen” settlement, attacked Kafur al-Deek village, west of Salfit. They set up tents on ‘Abed al-Hameed Suliman ‘Ali Ahmed’s land and withdrew at 20:50.
  • At approximately 19:00, four settlers attempted to move into Qirah village, north of Salfit. The village emergency committee intercepted them before handing them to IOF at 22:30 through the Palestinian Liaison office.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli settlers attacked Palestinian lands in Tal al-Ramidah neighborhood. The settlers set up tents near Youth against Settlement Center, which is surrounded by “Ramati Yashi” settlement. When the village residents intervened to prevent them, IOF infantry unit moved into the area, dispersed the settlers and removed the tents.
  • At approximately 08:15 on Tuesday, 14 April 2020, Palestinian farmer Mahmoud Rateb Mahmoud Hussain, from Qaryout village, southeast of Nablus, headed to his plot of land (42 dunums) in Khela area to plow it, upon a prior security coordination with the Israeli authorities. When Hussain entered his land, he was shocked to find that 12 Roman olive trees were cut from the root and their stems confiscated, rs 2 days ago. It should be noted that Hussain is allowed to visit his land 6 days a year to harvest the crops and plow it, upon the security coordination.
  • Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

For the fifth consecutive week, Israeli authorities continued to impose restrictions on Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing and West Bank Crossings under the pretext of confronting the fast-spreading coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. These restrictions were declared on Wednesday ,11 March 2020, and still continued, except humanitarian cases would be allowed to pass through the crossing.

IOF continued to impose closure declared on Wednesday 08 April 2020, on the pretext of the Jewish Passover holiday. Israeli authorities stated that the closure that has already been imposed on the Palestinian areas will remain the same, as entry through the crossings will be allowed only for exceptional humanitarian cases and urgent medical cases.

In the Gaza Strip, Israeli authorities still continued to impose restrictions on Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing, except humanitarian cases would be allowed to pass through the crossing. Concerning Karem Abu Salem  (Kerem Shalom) Crossing, the crossing will be operated on a limited scale.

Also, Israeli authorities closed Erez Crossing on Wednesday and Thursday, 08/09 April 2020, and on Tuesday and Wednesday, 14/15 April 2020.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the movement goods and individuals between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 13 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 5 of them, including 2 children.

Hebron:

  • At approximately 09:00 on Saturday, 11 February 2020, IOF closed with metal detector gate the entrance to Bani Na’iem village, east of Hebron. As a result, the residents were forced to access their homes through dirt and long roads.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOD established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ethna village, west of Hebron.
  • At approximately 17:00 on Sunday, 12 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of al-Saheb area, south of Hebron.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Monday, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beit ‘Awaa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron.
  • In evening, IOF closed with cement cubes the entrance to Zeef village, north of Hebron.
  • On Wednesday, 15 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Ethna village and on a road connecting between Beit ‘Omrah and Karma villages.

Tulkarm:

  • On Monday, 13 April 2020, IOF stationed at ‘Inab military checkpoint, east of Tulkarm, tightened their measures and obstructed vehicles movement.
  • On the same day, IOF stationed at ‘Izbit Shofa military checkpoint, east of Tulkarm, tightened their measures, obstructed vehicles movement and photographed their registration plates.

Salfit:

  • On Saturday, 11 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Dir Ballout village, north of Salfit.
  • On Monday, 13 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint between Rafat and Dir Balout villages, west of Salfit. At approximately 22:30, IOF re-established the checkpoint, but no arrests were reported.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 09 April 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Nabi Saleh and Dir Abu Mish’al villages.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 09 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to the settlement St.90 in the center of al-‘Awja village.
  • On Saturday, 10 April 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of al-Jeftlik village, north of the city.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine 26 March – 1 April 2020

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Israeli violations of human rights in the occupied Palestine

26 March – 1 April 2020

  • IOF raids into oPt continue in stark disregard for cautionary measures to combat Coronavirus, which has spread in Israel
  • Palestinian civilian succumbs to wounds sustained in IOF shooting in Nablus
  • 4 Palestinian civilians sustained wounds, including 3 in the West Bank and 1 fisherman in Gaza
  • shootings reported against agricultural lands and 4 at Palestinian fishing boats in eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • During 60 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem: 32 civilians arrested, including 7 children.
  • Limited incursion into northern Gaza Strip
  • 3 under-construction houses bulldozed in Jenin, property confiscated including 8 tents, 4 which used as a clinic and a mosque in the Northern Valley
  • 2 Palestinians wounded and shepherds assaults by settlers in Hebron
  • IOF established 11 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank, and roads blocked with sand berms

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to violate Palestinians’ human rights and commit crimes against civilians and their properties, conducting raids into Palestinian cities without regard to the state of emergency declared across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) in the efforts put forward to combat the spread of Coronavirus. PCHR is concerned that Israeli raids undermine preventive measures adopted by the government. Meanwhile, settlers backed up by IOF continued to seize more civilian property and attack civilians and their property. 

This week, PCHR documented 98 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.  As the state of emergency enters its 4th week, as well as the extreme Israeli restrictions on movement of individuals, have hindered our fieldwork team’s ability to cover all incidents in the oPt and were forced to collect information via phone from trusted local sources. As such, this report is an incomprehensive record of Israeli violations of human rights against Palestinians in the oPt, as IOF continues its attacks against civilians despite the exceptional circumstances that have overcome the whole world in the face of a life-threatening viral pandemic. 

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: on 01 April 2020, Islam Abdulghani Dwaikat (21) succumbed to wounds he sustained in IOF shooting against civilians protesting at al-‘Arma Mountain in Nablus on 11 March 2020. Also, this week 4 Palestinian civilians were shot and wounded by IOF, 3 in the West Bank and a fisherman in Gaza. 

In the Gaza Strip, 8 shootings by IOF were reported against the agricultural lands in the southern and central Gaza Strip while 4 shootings were reported against Palestinian fishing boats off the northern Gaza Strip shore. No injuries were reported. 

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 50 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 32 Palestinians were arrested, including 7 children.  Meanwhile, in the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted a limited incursion into northern Gaza Strip. 

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: PCHR documented 11 IOF operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: bulldozing and burying a water well in Tubas, demolition of a water well and 2 agricultural rooms in Salfit; evacuation notice for Um Al-Khair pasture reservoir, eastern Yatta, southern Hebron; a barracks demolished, confiscation of property and 8 tents, some used as clinics and a mosque in the Northern Valley; uprooting and confiscation of 300 olive seedlings; notice to halt work at a barracks; evacuation of a land and removal of a tent, and notice to halt construction at a house in Hebron; a notice to halt construction at an agricultural room and a cement wall in Tulkarm; and 3 under-construction houses demolished in Jenin under the pretext of unlicensed construction in Area (C). 

PCHR also documented 3 settler attacks: assaulting civilians and shepherds in Hebron. 

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: Israeli authorities continued to impose restrictions on Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing and West Bank Crossings under the pretext of confronting the fast-spreading Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. These restrictions were declared on Wednesday, 11 March 2020, and still continued, except humanitarian cases that would be allowed to pass through the crossing. This comes in a time when the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel. 

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity 
  • At approximately 06:30 on Thursday, 26 March 2020, IOF gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the limited fishing area ( 2 – 3 nautical miles). The shooting recurred from time to time until 09:00 on the same As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 07:45 on the same Thursday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis opened fire at agricultural lands, in eastern Abasan village, east of Khan Younis, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 27 March 2020, IOF stationed at the entrance to Kafer Qaddoum village, east of Qalqiliyah, fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at a group of Palestinian civilians, who gathered in the area. As a result, a 50-year-old civilian was shot and injured with a rubber bullet in his right leg. 
  • At approximately 14:00 on the same Friday, IOF soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, west of the border fence; no casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 14:40 on the same Friday, IOF stationed at “Eyal” Checkpoint, north of Qalqiliyah, fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians, claiming that they were stoned; no casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the limited fishing area (2 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; no casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 17:20, IOF stationed at the annexation wall gate, adjacent to Qifin village, north of Tulkarm, fired rubber  bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians who were in the area, claiming they were stoned. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 12:00 on Saturday, 08 March 2020, IOF gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the limited fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 18:00 on the same Saturday, IOF moved into Kafer Qadoum village, east of Qalqiliyah. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian children gathered and threw stones at IOF vehicles and the latter responded with live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, an 18-year-old civilian was hit with a live bullet shrapnel in the right hand and a 20-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in the left hand. IOF also arrested 2 brothers namely: Islam (14) and Laith Abdul Rahman Ali (17). 
  • At approximately 23:00 on the same Saturday, IOF moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, and stationed in Dari neighborhood in the center of the village. A number of Palestinian young men and youngsters gathered and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov Cocktails at IOF soldiers. As a result, 2 Israeli military vehicles caught fire. An Israeli force immediately moved into the neighborhood, fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters and clashed with civilians. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. IOF arrested Aiham Basem Dari (32) before they withdrew from e the village. 
  • At approximately 06:00 on Sunday, 29 March 2020, IOF gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the limited fishing area ( 3 nautical miles). As a result, fisherman Khalil Mohsen Khalil Abu Ryalah (25), from al-Shati refugee camp, west of Gaza City, was shot with a rubber bullet in his face. IOF also confiscated fishing nets (15 piece) of fisherman Mahmoud Khalil Abu Ryala’s (33) boat. The shooting made fishermen fear, so they sailed back to the shore. No  casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 17:00 on the same Sunday, IOF moved into Obeid neighborhood, west of al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a number of houses. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF soldiers. Israeli soldiers indiscriminately fired tear gas canisters in the area. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and they received medical treatment on the field. IOF also arrested Yazan Omran Obeid (23) and Taha Ayesh Obeid (21). 
  • At approximately 17:50 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the annexation wall, adjacent to Shuweikah village, east of Tulkarm, fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at a group of Palestinian civilians who were in the area, claiming they were stoned. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 22:00 on the same Sunday, IOF moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, and stationed at the western entrance to the village. They established a temporary checkpoint in and searched civilians’ vehicles before allowing them to enter the village. A number of Palestinian young men and children gathered at the entrance to Obeid neighborhood, west of the village, and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov Cocktails at IOF soldiers. As a result, 2 Israeli military vehicles caught fire. Suddenly, large Israeli forces moved into the neighborhood and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the civilians and clashed with them. IOF also arrested: Mohammed Hamzah Obeid (16), Yazan Bassam Obeid (20), and Ahmed Mohammed Mahmoud (21) before they withdrew from the village. 
  • At approximately 08:30 on Monday, 30 March 2020, IOF gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the limited fishing area ( 3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and fled away fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 13:15 on the same Monday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of al-Qarman street, east of Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at the border area adjacent to the border fence. As a result, Palestinian shepherds and farmers, whose agricultural lands are nearby, panicked. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported. 
  • At approximately 13:30 on Monday, 30 March 2020, about 30 Palestinian civilian took part adjacent to the Great March of Return (GMR) camp, in Khuza’a village, east of Khan Younis, without any official calls for protests in the second anniversary of launching the GMR protests and the 44th anniversary of Land Day. The protestors threw stones at IOF stationed along the border fence and the latter responded with live bullets and tear gas canisters. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 17:20 on the same Monday, 30 March 2020, IOF soldiers stationed along the border fence, southeast of al-Buraij refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties. 
  • At approximately 09:45 on Tuesday, 31 March 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at the border area. As a result, Palestinian shepherds and a number of farmers, whose lands are near the border fence, panicked; no casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 18:00 on the same Tuesday, IOF moved into Sour Baher village, south of occupied East They surrounded a van carrying dozens of Food parcels to be distributed on 200 poor families in the village. This was in light of the crisis facing the villages residents for 2 weeks due to the imposed restrictions on movement in addition to the residents’ temporary unemployment within the preventive measures to limit the spread of  Coronavirus. Eyewitnesses said that IOF stopped the van and checked the driver’s ID card, questioned him about the Food parcels and demanded him of the receipt. IOF also surrounded the food store, attacked the residents who were in the area, fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters to disperse them, confiscated all the food parcels, and arrested 4 civilians; two of them were identified: Mohammed Atoun and Mahdi Atoun. 
  • Simultaneously, IOF soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire agricultural lands, west of the border fence. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 09:10 on Wednesday, 01 April 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 16:50, Palestinian medical sources at the Istishari Arab Hospital in al-Raihan neighborhood, southwest of Ramallah, declared the death of Islam Abdul Ghani Duweikat (21), succumbing to wounds he sustained on 11 March 2020. According to PCHR’s investigations, Duweikat was shot with a rubber bullet in the head and he deemed in critical condition. Duweikat was injured when IOF suppressed dozens of civilians who gathered in al-‘Armah Mountian, southeast of Beta village, southeast of Nablus, upon calls  launched by Israeli settlers on their websites to raid the mountain. On that day morning, IOF reinforced with about 40 military SUVs and 2 bulldozers moved into the abovementioned mount from 6 directions and suppressed residents, who spent their night in the area, by firing live and rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at them. As a result of clashes that erupted in the area, Mohammed Abdul Karim Hamayel (15) was killed and 14 civilians were injured, including Duweikat, whose injury was very serious. Duweikat was receiving treatment until his death was announced on the same day evening.
  1. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 26 March 2020:

  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Halhoul and Tarqoumya vilages in Hebron, Shwaika neighborhood in Tulkarm, and ‘Arraba, southwest of Jenin. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 27 March 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Kharsa village, south of Hebron. They patrolled in the streets without wearing protective clothing in light of the Coronavirus “Covid-19” outbreak in Israel.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hebron, and stationed in Khallat Hadour and Eissa neighborhoods. IOF patrolled in the main streets without wearing protective clothing in light of the Coronavirus “Covid-19” outbreak in Israel. IOF withdrew and no arrests were reported. 
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into several neighborhoods in Israeli-occupied section of Hebron’s Old City known as “H2”. No arrests were reported. 
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Kafl Hares in Salfit, Asala and Izbet al-Tabib villages in Qalqilya. No arrests were reporting. 

Saturday, 28 March 2020:

  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, southeast of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Naser Darweesh’s (16) house and arrested him.

Sunday, 29 March 2020:

  • IOF carried out an incursion in Khrbet Jabara, southeast of Tulkarm. No arrests were reporting.

Monday, 30 March 2020:

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, southeast of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ahmed Fayez Mahmoud’s (29) house and arrested him. 
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Solwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Omar Basem al-Zughaiar’s (26) house and arrested him. 
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested Tamer Khalaf (34) while present in Bab al-Sahera, in the Central East Jerusalem. Tamer was taken to al-Bareed Police Station in Salah al-Deen Street. 
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Sa’eer and Ethna in Hebron. No arrests were reporting.

Tuesday, 31 March 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00 IOF stormed al-Arba’een Mosque, in the central al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF attacked and severely beaten dozens of young men while praying in the Mosque’s yard, and arrested Mer’ai Derbas (46) and took him to one of the investigation centers in the city.

The follow-up committee in the village said that IOF forced dozens of young men to pay fine of (250 NIS) while heading to buy some necessities from the grocery. Furthermore, IOF forced two families to pay fines while waiting for a released prisoner in front of Salah al-Deen investigation center in the city. IOF also forced 5 young men to pay fines claiming that they were not committed to the prevention measures of the Corona virus. The committee said that, “IOF claimed that the people of al-Issaweya are not committed to the prevention measures of the Coronavirus while they storm and move into the village several times a day without wearing protective clothing, disposable masks and gloves or keeping the personal space between each other, or any other prevention measures”. 

  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood, west of al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They arrested (3) civilians while present around their houses, the arrestees are: Hussam Sameeh Alian (19), Mohammed Mousa Mostafa (18), and Nour al-Deen Maher Muhaisen (19). 
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested (3) civilians while present near the western entrance of al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. The arrestees are: Fadi Abu al-Hams, Dawoud Derbas, and Majd Derbas. 
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF moved into al-Karantina area, in southern Hebron. They arrested (3) children after checking their ID Cards, and took them to al-Hisba Old Market then to Keryat Arba’ Settlement Police Station, east of Hebron. The arrestees are: Mohammed Haron al-Tawil (14), Wael Anwar al-Taweel (17), and Emad Bassam al-Taweel (17).

Wednesday, 01 April 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Adham Naser Sebta (20) and Mohammed Mousa Mostafa (18) and arrested them. It should be noted that IOF arrested Mostafa in the previous day and released him in the evening hours and rearrested him after hours. 
  • Around the same time, IOF severely beaten and arrested (3) civilians from Solwan village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees are: Yazan Syam (25), Mohammed Sa’eed Awwad (34), and Nour Asfour. 
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Izareya village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hasan Ashraf Abu al-Reesh’s (20) house and arrested him. 
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved from Military station No.16, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, 50-meters west of the border fence. They leveled and combed lands that were previously leveled amidst Israeli sporadic shooting. However, no casualties were reported. 
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Ein al-Lawza neighborhood in Solwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Jameel al-A’war (42) and Sobhi Zalloum (54), and handed them summonses to refer to al-Qishla Police Station. 
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Darweesh Issa (18), while present around al-Arba’een Mosque, in the Central al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. Mohammed was taken to an unknown destination. 
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF arrested Sa’ed Yousef Obaid (21) while present near the eastern entrance of Obaid neighborhood, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. Sa’ed was taken to an unknown destination. 
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Nablus, Beit Kahl, and Shoyoukh al-Aroub villages in Hebron Governorate. No arrests were reporting.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  1. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities
  • At approximately 05:45 on Thursday, 26 March 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Tayaseer village in eastern Tubas. The military construction vehicles demolished Mohamed Yousef Suliman Dabak’s water well, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. 
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Wadi Srida area in western Salfit. The military construction vehicles demolished ‘Aziz Yousef ‘Abdullah’s water well and agricultural room, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. 
  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 26 March 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Um al-Khair nature reserve in eastern Yatta, south of Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers hanged a seven-day eviction notice on the nature reserve under the pretext of being a training military site. The Israeli authorities ordered the residents of Um al-Khiar village to evacuate the nature reserve and return it to  normal or the Israeli authorities will do so and force the residents to pay all costs. 

It should be noted that on Wednesday, 03 July 2019, Israeli authorities  accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers destroyed a pastoral reserve in Um al-Khair village in eastern Yatta. They uprooted at least 500 trees planted 15 years ago. Additionally, on 24 August 2019, Israeli authorities demolished 4 water wells in Um al-Khair village.

The pastoral reserve  was established in 2003 on al-Hathaleen family lands (750 dunums) in cooperation with the Union of Agricultural Work Committees. 

  • At approximately 11:00 on Thursday, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Dir Buziq village in northern Jordan Valley, southeast of Tubas. The military construction vehicles demolished the village council’s 70-sqaure-meter barrack with its contents estimated at NIS 2,500. IOF also confiscated a generator, a water pump, sheds, 8 tents, a solar cell, a concrete mixer,  bricks, iron, and other equipment, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. The confiscated items are estimated at NIS 6,500. 
  • Israeli authorities uprooted Sameer ‘Ayid al-Shalaldah’s 300 olive seedlings planted in 20 dunums in Wadi Sa’ir area , north of Hebron. Al-Shalaldah found a 24-hour eviction notice issued on 08 March 2020, was hanged on his plot of land. The Israeli authorities exploited the state of emergency declared on 06 March 2020 by the PA to combat Coronavirus (Covid 19) and carried out more attacks against Palestinians. 
  • At approximately 06:00 on Friday, 28 March 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Khelet Irmilah area in al-Zawiyia village, west of They demolished Salah ‘Abed al-Latif Raddad’s agricultural room, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. Head of al-Zawiyia village, Mahmoud ‘Abdullah Moqidy, said that at approximately 06:00 on Friday, 28 March 2020, 2 Palestinian men phoned and informed me that IOF demolished an agricultural room belonging to Salah Raddad. I arrived at the area at 07:00 and found that IOF bulldozed the room and withdrew later. 
  • At approximately 07:00 on Tuesday, 31 March 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Kherbit Jebara, south of Tulkarm. IOF demolished Khaled Rasheed Hussain ‘Abed al-Rahman’s agricultural room and cement wall (280 m), under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. 
  • At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 31 March 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet al-Tabban in southern Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers handed ‘Issa Mohamed Hamamda (50) a notice to stop working in a 110-square-meter barrack built of tin plates and used for breeding livestock. 
  • Around the same time, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Khebet al-Mofaqara in southern Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers handed Ahmed Mesleh Hamamda a notice to evacuate his 50 dunums and remove a tent, where he and his family live after demolishing their house, under the pretext of non-licensing. 
  • At approximately 08:00 on Wednesday, 01 April 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into al-Wa’irah area in western Jenin. IOF demolished 3 under-construction houses under the pretext of being near the annexation wall and non-licensing in area C. The demolished houses belong to:
  1. Tareq ‘Abed al-Razeq ‘Abed al-Rahman Abu Hammad: a 110-square-meter under-construction house.
  2. Rabei’ ‘Abed al-Razeq ‘Abed al-Rahman Abu Hammad: a 140-square-meter under-construction house.
  3. Mostafs Tayseer ‘Abed al-Rahman Abu Hammad: a 110-square-meter under-construction house.

It should be noted that IOF notified the houses’ owners on 26 January 2020, as a prelude to demolish them.

 At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet al-Taiba, east of Tarqumiyia village, northwest of Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers handed Yunis Mohamed Ghareeb (44) a notice to stop construction works in his 100-sqaure-meter house, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. It should be noted that Israeli authorities attempt to seize al-Taiba’s lands in favor of settlement expansion in ” Adwara” settlement. 

  1. Israeli Settler Violence
  • At approximately 08:00 on Friday, 27 March 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Hafat Ma’oun” settlement, which is established on Palestinians’ lands in eastern Yatta, south of  Hebron, attacked  Palestinian shepherds  in al-Hamra area, east of al-Tawana village. The settlers forced the shepherds at gunpoint to leave . Meanwhile, the village residents gathered and photographed what happened. One of the settlers unleashed his at Hussain Saber al-Hereni (32), who photographed them. As a result, al-Hereni sustained wounds in his left hand and taken to Abu al-Hasan al-Qasem Hospital by a PRCS ambulance. 
  • At approximately 11:00 on Saturday, 28 March 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Hafat Ma’oun” settlement, which is established on Palestinians’ lands in eastern Yatta, south of Hebron, attacked  Palestinian shepherds  in al-Hamra area, east of al-Tawana village and forced them to leave . As a result, Adeeb Ghanem al-Hereni sustained fractures in his right hand fingers. The village residents gathered and IOF arrived at the area. They fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the residents, who suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. 
  • At approximately 11:00 on Tuesday, 31 March 2020, from ” Ma’oun” settlement, which is established on Palestinians’ lands in eastern Yatta, south of Hebron, attacked  Palestinian shepherds  in al-Tawana village  and indiscriminately opened fire around them. As a result, the shepherds were forced to leave. IOF arrived at the area and denied Palestinians’ access to their lands. 
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

For the fourth consecutive week, Israeli authorities continued to impose restrictions on Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing and West Bank Crossings under the pretext of confronting the fast-spreading coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. These restrictions were declared on Wednesday ,11 March 2020, and still continued, except humanitarian cases would be allowed to pass through the crossing.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individual movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 11 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles and checked their IDs.

The military checkpoint were as follows:

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 26 March 2020, IOF closed with metal-detector gate the main entrance to Bani Na’iem village, east of Hebron, denying Palestinians’ access to Bypass road (60).
  • On Friday, 27 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Beit ‘Awaa village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron.
  • On Saturday, 28 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kharsa village, south of Dura, southwest of Hebron.
  • On Monday, 30 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ethna village, west of Hebron.
  • On Tuesday, 31 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Yatta and Tarama villages.

Jenin:

 On Thursday, 26 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of ‘Araba village, southwest of Jenin.

Salfit:

 On Friday, 28 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Burqeen and Dirsitiyia villages.

 On Saturday, 29 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Hares and Kaful Hares villages.

 On Sunday, 29 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Dir Balout village.

 Tulkarm:

 On Saturday, 29 March 2020, IOF tightened their arbitrary measures at ‘Inab military checkpoint.

 At approximately 08:00 on Tuesday, 31 March 2020, IOF closed with sand berms agricultural roads connecting between Kafa and Shofa villages. IOF raided greenhouses while Palestinian farmers were working inside them and forced them to leave at gunpoint. Also, IOF closed all nearby entrances.

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