Sayyed Nasrallah: Hezbollah will Bear Responsibility More than Ever, Talk of Hezbollah Ruling Lebanon A Big Lie

Zeinab Essa

Hezbollah Secretary General His Eminence Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah delivered on Friday a speech celebrating 31 years on the founding of Jihad  Al-Binaa Association.

In a ceremony held at Dahyieh [The southern Suburbs of Beirut], Sayyed Nasrallah praised the efforts of the Association in serving the people.

“One of the main characteristics of the Resistance is that the military choice was sided by cultural, political, health, social and steadfastness aspects,” he added, pointing out that “Jihad Al-Binaa institution is subject to American sanctions is part of the resistance from the very beginning and we are proud of it.”

Sayyed Nasrallah further stated that “Until 2000, the Association provided great services for the rehabilitation of destroyed homes, compensation and assistance in the agricultural field.”

“Two weeks on the end of the July war, no one was left on streets and this is an unprecedented experience in the human history,” he recalled.

In parallel, Sayyed Nasrallah highlighted that “from the embrace of Jihad Al-Bina Association, the experience of the Wa’ed Foundation was launched with the support of Iran and the assistance provided by the government.”

“One of the tasks of Jihad Al-Bina is combating desertification and spreading the culture of afforestation,” he revealed, clarifying that “over the past years, approximately 10 million and 600,000 trees have been planted.”

On this level, His Eminence underscored that “After 2006, Jihad Al-Binaa’s main responsibility turned to the agricultural sector.”

Meanwhile, Sayyed Nasrallah urged all sides to support the agriculture sector and to encourage farmers. “How much is the share of the agricultural sector in ‘Cedre’?”

Calling for adopting 26 Zu Al-Qa’dah to 1 Zu Al-Hijjah as the family week, Sayyed Nasrallah went on to say: “We are all working to educate and rehabilitate people and to set real plans to preserve the family.”

On the recent Lebanese state budget, His Eminence wondered: “Did the previous governments witness discussions over the budget as it did this year?”

“In the economic and financial issue, Hezbollah will bear the responsibility more than any time ago because of its new and influential position in the Lebanese equation,” he announced, pointing out that “The state budget was discussed in a serious manner and some of our recommendations were endorsed.”

Regarding the recent debate on the employment of Palestinian refugees, Sayyed Nasrallah said: “The accusations that Hezbollah is inciting the Palestinian refugees to protest are indeed regrettable.”

“There is a big difference between the Palestinian worker and the foreign worker because he has no country to return to,” he said, noting that “the issue of Palestinian employment must be approached in its strategic and political dimension.”

According to His Eminence, “The issue of Palestinian employment has nothing to do with neutralizing them.”

“The subject of Palestinian employment must be dealt with quietly, humanely and objectively,” he added, urging “a Palestinian-Lebanese dialogue.”

On another level, Sayyed Nasrallah emphasized that “Hezbollah is not a ruler in Lebanon, but what is going is against its desires and aspirations.”

“One of the aim of the fabrications that Hezbollah is ruling Lebanon aims at making it responsible for all the gaps in Lebanon. Some claim that Hezbollah is ruling Lebanon and controlling the government and parliament. This is the biggest lie,” he said.

His Eminence went on to say:  “One of the goals of inciting against Hezbollah is also to incite the foreign countries, specifically America.”

He also called for referring this incitement to the judiciary because it has great repercussions.

Regarding the latest incident in Qabershmoun, Sayyed Nasrallah confirmed  that Hezbollah has never intervened in the incident of Qabershmoun in Mount Lebanon.

“We respect our allies and do not pressure them; their decision is independent. What we have done is supporting the position of former Minister Talal Arslan. Our ally is aggrieved and the incident truly would have undermined civil peace and his demand is rightful,” he unveiled.

His Eminence addressed the government by asking: “What logic prevents you from discussing the issue of the killing attempt of your colleague minister in the government?”

“When Hezbollah has a problem with someone, we would stand up in his face openly,” he clarified, announcing Hezbollah’s “support for holding the cabinet session as soon as possible and to discuss the Qabershmoun issue at the meeting.”

Sayyed Nasrallah also stated that “the accusations aims to pressure us to pressure Arslan.”

On another level, His Eminence categorically denied the “Israeli” representative’s claim at the United Nation’s Security Council that Hezbollah is using the Beirut port to transfer arms. “These allegations aim at imposing guardianship on the port, the airport and the borders, to achieve what they [the “Israelis”] failed to achieve during the July aggression. ”

“We welcome the decision of Palestine Authority President Mahmoud Abbas to stop the agreements with the occupying entity, which is also exhausted by the cessation of security coordination,” he added, emphasizing that “ending the security coordination between the Palestinian Authority and the “Israeli” occupation is a weapon that the Authority should use.”


Hypocrisies About Refugees

July 05, 2019

Hypocrisies About Refugees

by Eric Zuesse for The Saker Blog

Here are two visuals from the latest annual U.N. report about the world’s refugee situation, “UNHCR Global Trends 2018”, and though these images don’t pack the emotional punch of a child’s corpse that has just been washed upon a beach after drowning when his family had attempted to escape from a country that the U.S. and its allies were ‘trying to make free’ by bombing it to hell, each of these two pictures below contains a much bigger and more important message than does any such tear-jerking image or anecdote, but each of these pictures requires a bit of intelligence in order to understand it:

The first picture shows the result of the U.S. regime’s regime-change wars under Obama and Trump, in Syria and Venezuela especially. (Syria by using Al Qaeda in Syria to lead jihadists to bring down the Government, and Venezuela by strangulating sanctions that have produced an economic blockade which prohibits food and medicine from being able to reach the population). The 9-year earlier “UNHCR Global Trends 2009”, which covered the end of the George W. Bush Presidency, had reported that “There were 43.3 million forcibly displaced people worldwide at the end of 2009,” and that this was up from 42.0 million in 2008. The “UNHCR Global Trends 2007” said only that “available information suggests that a total of 67 million people had been forcibly displaced at the end of 2007”, and so there might have been a reduction during the later years of Bush’s Presidency. In any case, the number of “forcibly displaced people” was stable during the final years of Bush’s second term and the entirety of Barack Obama’s first term, until 2012. 2011 was the first year of the Arab Spring uprisings, which were a CIA production, as was documented by two books from Ahmed Bensada, each of which was well reviewed by Stuart Jeanne Bramhall, in her two articles, one on 18 January 2014, and the other on 25 October 2015. Of course, the impression that the American public was presented about the Arab Spring uprisings is that those were spontaneous. Actually, Obama came into office in 2009 hoping to overthrow Syria’s Government.

So, whereas the numbers had been stable for Obama’s first term of office, all hell broke loose throughout his second term, with his invasions of Libya and Syria, plus his continuation of George W. Bush’s occupations of both Afghanistan and Iraq. And, now, under Trump, the number is back again to GWB’s peak level and rising.

As I noted on June 30th under the headline “U.S. Government Tops All For Creating Refugees”, “the U.S. regime’s regime-change operations produce around half of the entire world’s refugee-problem.” That fact is shown in the second visual here. (Just look at Syria and Venezuela there.) What the first visual shows is that the U.S. regime’s attempts to overthrow the Governments of Syria and of Venezuela caused those global totals to soar. Those two nations alone accounted for nearly half of the global total, and part of the rest was from America’s prior invasions: Afghanistan, Iraq, the U.S.-backed coup in Honduras in 2009, etc. America’s invasions and attempted coups (such as in Venezuela) provided the dynamos that drove those rising numbers of refugees.

Max Blumenthal and Ben Norton at The Gray Zone headlined on June 19th, “This celebrated Western-funded nonprofit collaborated with al-Qaeda to wage lawfare on Syria” and documented how U.S.-and-allied billionaires and the U.S. Government fund “lawfare,” a war in international courts, and not only a huge international propaganda campaign to demonize Bashar al-Assad, in order to overthrow him. I had previously documented that “U.S. Protects Al Qaeda in Syria”. Actually, Obama bombed Syria’s army at the oil center city of Deir Ezzor on 17 September 2016 in order to enable both Al Qaeda and ISIS to take over that city. The U.S. team talk a storm against “terrorism” but quietly (along with the monarchs of Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Qatar) sponsor it as being “boots-on-the-ground” fighters — proxies there, instead of U.S. troops — to bring down leaders such as Muammar Gaddafi and Bashar al-Assad.

So, when the U.S. and its allies complain about the refugee crisis, and pontificate against “dictators,” and assert international law when they are the worst violators of international law, maybe they enjoy fooling their own public, but outside the U.S. alliance, their lying and evil are obvious. It even shows up clearly in the UNHCR’s statistics (such as those visuals). Obviously, China, Russia, Iran, Venezuela, and other nations that the U.S. regime labels as ‘enemies’, are not to blame for those tens of millions of refugees. The U.S. and its allies definitely are to blame for it. This isn’t a situation where the pot is calling the kettle black, but instead it’s one where the pot is calling the fresh-fallen snow black, and in which only propagandistic ’news’ media refuse to reveal this to their audiences. The snow is white, and the U.S. regime and its allies are red, covered with their tens of millions of victims’ blood and flaming misery.

International poll after international poll finds that the country which is considered to be “the greatest threat to peace in the world today” by the most people worldwide is the U.S., but that Americans don’t think it’s true. So: who is right? Americans? Or the rest of the world? Now, why would people outside the U.S. believe that way? Maybe it’s because of “communist propaganda”? The most important thing to recognize is that the U.S. is a dictatorship. That scientifically demonstrated fact explains a lot. None of these sanctions and coups and invasions against countries that had never invaded nor in any way endangered the U.S. could exist otherwise than this, because any dictatorship is based upon lies. Invading Iraq was based upon lies. Invading Afghanistan was based upon lies. Invading Syria was based upon lies. Invading Libya was based upon lies. The economic sanctions against Russia are based upon lies.American foreign policies are based upon lies. It’s no wonder, then, why Americans are so misinformed.


Investigative historian Eric Zuesse is the author, most recently, of  They’re Not Even Close: The Democratic vs. Republican Economic Records, 1910-2010, and of  CHRIST’S VENTRILOQUISTS: The Event that Created Christianity.

Sayyed Nasrallah Warns of ‘The Deal of Century’s Consequences: “Israel” Views Hezbollah A Strategic Threat

Zeinab Essa

Hezbollah Secretary General His Eminence Sayyed Nasrallah delivered on Saturday a speech in which he tackled various topics.

In a televised speech on the Liberation and Resistance Day, Sayyed Nasrallah called for a huge participation in Al-Quds Day next Friday.

“This year, participating in Al-Quds Day is very important because the Palestinian cause is facing the biggest conspiracy,” he added, pointing out that “The title of Al-Quds Day this year is to confront the ‘Deal of Century’.”

Meanwhile, His Eminence hailed the fact that there exists an overwhelming Palestinian rejection and a firm stance on boycotting the US economic conference to be held in Bahrain.

He further praised the position of the Bahraini scholars, people and political forces that expressed their rejection that Manama becomes a land that embraces the first step of the ‘Deal of the century’.”

In addition, Sayyed Nasrallah warned that the US initiative is aimed at liquidating the Palestinian cause.

“The conflicts in the Gulf as well as the threats facing Iran are related to the ‘Deal of the Century’,” he revealed.

On the title of the speech, Sayyed Nasrallah confirmed that “what happened on May 25, 2000 had very important consequences.”

“The “Israeli” enemy is seriously and around the clock dealing with the fact that there is a real force the exists in Lebanon,” he added, thanking “all those who offered sacrifices until the liberation was achieved.”

On the same issue, His Eminence underscored that “Lebanon is no longer seen as weak but as strong.”

““Israel” and the US recognize Lebanon’s power and are plotting to get rid of it,” he stated.

In parallel, His Eminence underscored that “the US would have offered southern Lebanon to “Israel” if Hezbollah did not exist.”

“Lebanon is not in a position of weakness. We are standing up for our rights concerning Shebaa Farms, Kfarchouba village as well as the northern section of Ghajar [village],” he went on to say.

Moreover, the Resistance Leader recalled that “After liberation, the enemy and its allies are seeking to destroy Hezbollah, which was immune to all conspiracies.”

““Israelis” describe Hezbollah as a strategic threat to its entity in an attempt to mobilize support and provoke the international community against it.”

“The statement of the Lebanese President and the army’s leadership on the adherence to the liberation of the Shabaa farms was strong,” Sayyed Nasrallah stated, reiterating Hezbollah’s  support for the state and stand with it regarding the demarcation of borders and adherence to all rights in land and water.

He also declared that “Lebanon can stop the Zionist “Israeli” entity from plundering its oil and gas reserves.”

“Hezbollah is part of the deterrent force and has prevented the Israeli enemy from achieving its ambitions,” His Eminence remarked, pointing out that “with the strength of the army, the people and the resistance, we have been able to keep Lebanon strong in the face of our enemy.”

Sayyed Nasrallah also urged the Lebanese to realize their strength in preserving the sovereignty, security, present and future of Lebanon.”

As Hezbollah Leader announced His party’s adherence to Lebanon’s oil rights,  He unveiled that he is optimistic about the possibility of achieving a great victory in this issue.

On another level, Sayyed Nasrallah warned that “Bahrain’s conference may open the door to the settlement of the Palestinians in Lebanon and other countries.”

“The Lebanese agree on rejecting the settlement of Palestinians in Lebanon,” he said, calling “for a quick meeting between Lebanese and Palestinian officials to seriously discuss and develop a plan to confront the threat of resettlement.”

On another level, Sayyed Nasrallah confirmed that “the Lebanese agree on the importance of the return of Syrian refugees to their country.”

“The Lebanese suffer from  the economic and social consequences of the displacement of Syrian refugees,” he said, pointing out that “the US does not want the displaced Syrians to return to their country before the Syrian presidential elections.”

According to His Eminence, “One of the reasons and forms of preventing the Syrians from returning to their country is by encouraging them to stay in Lebanon.”

“There are allegations to intimidate the Syrians from returning to their country,” he said, noting that “the Lebanese agree on the principle of returning the Syrian refuges but disagree on the means to apply it.”

Stressing that “Lebanon is able to face any “Israeli” attempt to take our oil resources,” Sayyed Nasrallah  unveiled that some “Gulf states are pressuring Lebanon to avert the return process through encouraging the Syrian refugees to overstay and intimidating them of return to their country.”

On the internal front, Sayyed Nasrallah recalled that “from the beginning, Hezbollah stressed that the file of the battle of corruption needs patience.”

“In the battle of corruption, there is a need for a renaissance and a national strategy. We will be at the forefront of this confrontation,” he clarified, pointing out that “Hezbollah’s position in the battle of corruption has created a national effort and all the Lebanese have begun to talk about it.”

His Eminence also mentioned that there exists “files that will be revealed soon and we will submit them to the judiciary after completing the budget.”

“We do not want anyone to say that Hezbollah has prevented waste and corruption, but we must reach the goal of ending them,” he said, noting that “unfortunately, there are taxes and fees on the poor and low income group

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President Assad: Only Syrians Decide Country’s Destiny


February 17, 2019

The Syrian President Bashar al-Assad said that holding elections of  local councils on time proves the strength of the Syrian people and the state.

President al-Assad,  in a speech  during  his meeting with heads of local councils from all provinces on Monday added that the elections proves the failure of enemies’ bet to turn the Syrian state into a failed state unable to perform its tasks.

President al-Assad stressed that issuing law no. 107 was a significant step for enhancing effectiveness of the local administrations.

The President said that the launch of development projects locally will be integrated with the strategic projects of the state and this in itself is an investment of financial and human resources.

He added that one of the positive aspects of local administration’s law is to broaden the participation in the development of the local community that manages resources.

President al-Assad said that with liberating every inch, there is an agent or a traitor who collapsed after their sponsors betrayed them.

“After the improvement of field situation, we have the opportunity to make a qualitative leap in the work of the local administration that would reflect on all walks of life,” the President said.

President al-Assad added that the local units have become more able today to perform their tasks without depending on the central authority.

He stressed that the policies of some states towards Syria depended on supporting terrorism and promoting the attempt to apply a comprehensive decentralization to undermine the authority of the state.

President al-Assad underlined that the partition scheme isn’t new and it doesn’t stop at the borders of the Syrian state, but it covers the region as a whole.

President al-Assad added “the scheme of imposing hegemony on the world led by the US hasn’t changed and our people’s resistance has become more solid, affirming that the homeland isn’t a commodity and it is sacred and it has its real owners and not thieves.”

“After all of those years, the agents haven’t learnt that nothing gives man his value except his real belonging,” the President said, affirming that the only way to get rid of misguidance is to join the reconciliations and to hand over the arms to the Syrian state.

The President added “We have been able to eliminate terrorism thanks to our armed forces and the support by the supporting forces, the allies, the friends and the brothers.”

The President said “It couldn’t have been possible to protect the homeland without the unified popular will through different segments of the Syrian society.”

“The Syrian people have a deep-rooted history and they have resisted terrorism…We achieve victory with each other not on each other,” President al-Assad said.

President al-Assad said that that the Syrian state is working to return displaced people who left  their homes due to terrorism as their return is the only way to end their suffering.

He underlined that the absence of belonging to the homeland is the weapon used by the outside to target our homeland.

“The absence of belonging to the homeland is the fuel which is used by the foreign parties to target our homeland,” President al-Assad said, adding that the Syrian state works on the return of all the displaced due to terrorism because their return is the only way to end their suffering.

The President noted that the states concerned in the file of refugees are hindering their return and the main basis of the scheme hatched against Syria is the issue of the refugees which has been prepared before the beginning of the crisis.

He indicated that the issue of refugees has been a source of corruption that has been exploited by a number of states which are supporting terrorism, and the return of refugees will deprive those from the political and material benefit.

“The file of the refugees abroad is an attempt by the states which support terrorism to condemn the Syrian state,” the President said, adding ” We will not allow the sponsors of terrorism to transform the Syrian refugees into a political paper to achieve their interests.”

The President called upon everyone who left the homeland due to terrorism to contribute to the reconstruction process as the homeland is for all of its people.

“Our national awareness has foiled the sinister scheme of our enemies which hasn’t finished yet…Some are still entrapped by the schemes of partition hatched by our enemies,” President al-Assad said.

President al-Assad asserted that “Dialogue is necessary, but there is a difference between the proposals that create dialogue and others which create partition and we should focus on the common things.”

“Criticism is a necessary issue when there is a default but it should be objective,” the President noted.

The President stressed that dialogue should be a fruitful one that is based on facts and not emotions, adding that such dialogue differentiates between those who have real problems and those who are opportunistic.

He noted that social media have contributed to a certain extent to the deterioration of the situation in the country.

“We all know that we are in a state of blockade, and we should deal with this positively and cooperatively,” he said, adding that “we shouldn’t think that war is over, and this is addressed to both citizens and officials alike.”

The President pointed out that “We are facing four wars. The first war is a military one; the second is the blockade, the third is via the internet and the forth is the war launched by the corrupt people.”

The state of negligence that happened recently in relation to shortage of gas cylinders is due to the lack of transparency on the part of the institutions concerned towards the citizens, the President noted.

Her stressed that the current situation demands great caution, explaining that since the enemies have failed through supporting terrorism and through their agents, they will seek to create chaos from inside the Syrian society.

He went on saying that the major challenge now is providing the basic living materials to the citizens that are suffering due to the blockade.

“The blockade,” he said, “is a battle in itself. It is a battle of attack and retreat similar to the military battles.”

The President said that those who suffer need to have their problems dealt with, not to listen to rhetorical speeches.

He highlighted the important role the Local Administration plays since “no matter how much honesty, integrity and how many good laws we have, they cannot be managed centrally.”

The President added that “We have laws, but we lack the standards and mechanisms, which even if they exist are weak and not good, and without the standards we will not be able to solve any problems, therefore we have to be practical in our dialogues.”

The President went on saying that

“Suffering is the justification for looking for rights, but it cannot be a justification for treating the truth unfairly, and the truth says that there is war, terrorism and  blockade, and the truth is that there is a lack of morality and there are selfishness and corruption, and part of these facts are out of our hands partially but not entirely.”

The President said that rebuilding the minds and reforming the souls is the biggest challenge, not the reconstruction of the infrastructure.

“When our enemies started the war, they knew that they would leave us destructive infrastructure, and they know that we will reconstruct it, but the hardest thing is to deal with the intellectual structure and we should not fail in that,” the President said.

The President stressed that the future of Syria is decided exclusively by the Syrians.

He said the sovereignty of states is a sacred thing, and that if this sovereignty is violated through aggression and terrorism, this does not mean abandoning its essence, which is the independent national decision.

The President stressed that “the constitution is not subject to bargaining. We will not allow the hostile states to achieve any of their objectives through their agents who hold the Syrian nationality.”

He added that hostile countries are still insisting on their aggression and obstruction of any special process if it is serious like Sochi and Astana.

He said that any role of the UN is welcomed if it is based on the UN Charter.

The President reaffirmed that there will be no dialogue between the national party and the agents, stressing that it is the people’s steadfastness and their support to the Syrian Arab Army is what has protected the homeland.

He went on saying that those who conspired against Syria have failed in their reliance on the terrorists and the agents in the political process, and therefore they have moved to the third stage, which is activating the Turkish agent in the northern areas.

The President made it clear that

“Syria will be liberated to the last inch, and the interferers and occupiers are enemies.”

President al-Assad addressed the groups that serve as agents to the US saying:

“the Americans will not protect you, and you will be a tool for bargaining in their hands. Only the Syrian Arab Army can defend you.”

“When we stand in one trench and aim in the same direction instead of aiming at each other, no threat can make us worried no matter how big,” the President said.

He added

“We will not forget our kidnapped citizens, hundreds of whom have been liberated. We will not stop working until liberating them and we will not spare any chance to ensure their return.”

The President said

“We all have responsibility and a national obligation to stand by the families of the martyrs and the injured.”

“The big recovery and stability will only be achieved through eliminating all the terrorists to the last one,” he stressed.


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ولدت الحكومة… فهل ستنجح في مواجهة التحديات؟

فبراير 1, 2019

ناصر قنديل

– بعد تسعة شهور ولدت الحكومة اللبنانية، وبدت المحاصصة القائمة على الحساب الطائفي عنصر التعثر الأبرز، وستبقى تظلل المسار الحكومي عند كل منعطف، فتعطل أي أمل حقيقي بمكافحة الفساد الذي يحتمي أصلاً بالمحاصصة الطائفية، وستستقوي المحاصصة على كل وعود إصلاحية، في اعتماد الكفاءة بدلاً من المحسوبية في التوظيف، وستنجح المحاصصة الطائفية بتقاسم المشاريع والتلزيمات والأموال الموظفة من مؤتمر سيدر وغيره، وستنجح المصارف القائمة على المحاصصة ذاتها بنيل نصيبها الوافر من عائدات خدمة الدين وضخّ المزيد من سندات الخزينة، ويمكن تهنئة القيمين على تشكيل الحكومة بنجاحهم في استبعاد أي تمثيل للقوى غير الطائفية، والعابرة للطوائف، تأكيداً للشراكة في ارتكاب جرم المحاصصة الطائفية بكامل الوعي وعن سبق الإصرار.

– اللبنانيون يريدون أن يأملوا خيراً من الحكومة، وأن يقال لهم إنها ستطلق العجلة الاقتصادية وربما تنجح في حل مشاكل الكهرباء والنفايات، وستستفيد من الأموال التي ستضخها القروض لتحريك مشاريع مجدية تخلق المزيد من فرص العمل وتمنح المزيد من الآمال، لكن التجارب المشابهة منذ ثلاثة عقود تقول العكس، وبقوة. فهل سنشهد تغييراً في مقاربة ملفات الكهرباء والنفايات والاتصالات والنفط والغاز، ونحن نسمع عن شركات يجري تأسيسها هنا وهناك ووكالات لشركات أجنبية تسجل على قدم وساق، ومفاوضات على أشكال جديدة من التلزيم تتيح وضع اليد لحيتان مال قدامى وجدد على القطاعات القديمة والجديدة؟

– الحكومة ستعيش كما يفترض لأربعين شهراً، هي المدة التي تفصلنا عن الانتخابات النيابية المقبلة، وهي المدة الباقية لينجز عهد الرئيس ميشال عون بعضاً من الوعود ويحقق بعضاً من الآمال، وسيكون الرئيس ميشال عون وتياره السياسي وفريقه القيادي، وعلى رأسه الوزير جبران باسيل أكبر الخاسرين من فشل الحكومة، حيث سيكون لسان حال الناس في حال الفشل، أن التيار الذي لم يحقق وعوده في ظل وجوده في رئاسة الجمهورية وبحضور نيابي كبير وحجم وزاري وازن، لا يحق له أن يخاطب الناس طلباً لتجديد الثقة به نيابياً ورئاسياً بعد هذا الفشل، ولن يفيد في شيء الحديث عن تعطيل مارسه الآخرون، ففي لبنان دائماً هناك آخرون.

– الرئيس سعد الحريري المحاط بتراجع المكانة السعودية وتراجع مكانته فيها، وبتقدم مكانة سورية وتردّده بالتقدم نحوها، سيواجه ضغوطاً خارجية لربط التمويل بالموقف من سلاح المقاومة، وإغراءات تغطية الحصول على مشاريع تدر مالاً لرجال الأعمال المحيطين به، لكن معيار النجاح والفشل قبيل الانتخابات المقبلة سيكون في قدرته على تقديم وقائع تتصل بحياة الناس وخدماتها ومستوى معيشتها وثقتها بالدولة ومكان الكفاءة فيها ومكانتها بين دول المنطقة، وليس بقدرة ماكينته الانتخابية على التحرك وإنفاق المال. والفشل في هذه الحكومة سيعني مواجهة الحريري وتياره للإستحقاق الإنتخابي المقبل في ظروف أشد قسوة من الاستحقاق الذي مضى.

– ثلاثة أشياء يمكن لرئيسي الجمهورية والحكومة ولتياريهما والحكومة معهما فعلها، تعوّض الخلل في مقاربة الواقع السياسي المحلي والإقليمي، لها مفعولها وآثارها الاقتصادية المفصلية، وأولها السير بقانون انتخاب جديد خارج القيد الطائفي وفقا للتمثيل النسبي، عبر صيغة مجلسي النواب والشيوخ التي نص عليها الدستور، وذلك وحده يضمن بيئة سياسية متحررة من المحاصصة الطائفية يمكن فيها منح الكفاءات أملاً، وقطع الطريق على الفساد وفتح باب المساءلة والمحاسبة. وثانيها تخطي كل التعقيدات العربية وغير العربية في العلاقة مع سورية، والتوجه لمصلحة لبنانية عليا بالتكامل مع سورية، كرئة اقتصادية وفرصة ثمينة نادرة، وشريك في التاريخ والجغرافيا، وليس فقط تحت شعار حل قضية النازحين. وثالثها المجاهرة بأن أولوية لبنان الدفاعية ليست مناقشة مستقبل سلاح المقاومة بل الحصول على شبكة دفاع جوي أو تأمين حماية المظلة الجوية السورية أو الروسية السورية، لوضع حد للانتهاكات التي لن يفعل من يدعون لبنان لنزع سلاح المقاومة، في مواجهتها شيئاً، لبنان المنيع والمحصن بوجه العدوان الإسرائيلي والمتشارك مع سورية في خطط التكامل والإعمار، والذاهب لدولة لا طائفية تتيح مكافحة الفساد وتفتح طريق الأمل للكفاءات، هو لبنان الذي تستطيع هذه الحكومة اعتباره وعدها وجوهر بيانها الوزاري، إن أرادت وأراد القيمون عليها عدم الفشل، والوصول للاستحقاق الانتخابي المقبل بأقل المخاطر على لبنان، وعلى مستقبل الحياة السياسية والاقتصادية والأمنية، أمام فرضيات تعمق العصبيات والتوترات الطائفية وتآكل القوى الوسطية لحساب متطرفي الطوائف الأصليين.

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حساب الأرباح والخسائر نتيجة القمة العربية في بيروت 2019

يناير 22, 2019

العميد د. أمين محمد حطيط

لم تكن التجاذبات والاشتباكات التي سبقت القمة العربية في بيروت ورافقتها خلال انعقادها لم تكن هذه الاشتباكات من الحجم والمستوى البسيط العادي، بل كانت في بعض وجوهها عميقة جدّية تؤكد حالة الانقسام الداخلي اللبناني والعربي الإقليمي وصولاً الى الدولي حول مسائل كبرى، يحاول البعض إلباسها أقنعة أو التلطّي وراء أقنعة تحجبها.

لقد ظهر أن محاصرة القمة العربية في بيروت جاءت من الداخل والخارج معاً، حصاراً رغب البعض بأن يكون حصاراً للعماد عون ولعهده، وشاء البعض الآخر بأن يكون حصاراً للبنان الذي يحتضن المقاومة او الذي يمتنع عن السير بإملاءات خارجية تحاصر المقاومة او تعزل لبنان عن سورية او تجعله طرفاً في الاشتباك العربي بين المحاور الخليجية التي تريد أن تتمدد لتكون محاور إقليمية برعاية غربية واضحة.

لكن لبنان وبقيادة من العماد عون شخصياً وبدعم مباشر او خفي من قوى وطنية وإقليمية، رفض الانصياع للإملاءات واختط لنفسه سياسة خارجية مضمونها الأساسي: كيف يحمي نفسه ويحفظ حقوقه أولاً ثم كيف يحفظ حقوق الآخرين وعلاقاته وصداقته الاستراتيجية معهم دون أن يتسبب ذلك في عداء او قطيعة مع الآخرين.

لم تكن مهمة لبنان سهلة، فقد كانت بصعوبة مَن يريد أن يجمع الجمر والماء في إناء واحد ويحفظ النار من دون أن تنطفئ كما يحفظ الماء دون أن تتبخّر، أي أن لبنان كان يعرف أن المهمة هذه هي في الحقيقة مهمة شبه مستحيلة إن لم نقل إنها مستحيلة بالمطلق، ومع ذلك قبل لبنان ورئيسه العماد عون التحدّي وسار في الإعداد للقمة تحت شعار قمة حتى بدون رؤساء او ملوك وأمراء، قمة بمن حضر مهما كان عدد الحاضرين ومهما كان مستواهم الوظيفي في بلدانهم، لأن لبنان فهم من الحصار والتضييق أن النجاح هنا يتمثل بالانعقاد بذاته قبل أي أمر آخر.

وهنا لا بدّ من التذكير بأنه عندما استحصل لبنان على موافقة عربية باستضافة القمة، لم يكن بهوية أو مواقف غير التي له اليوم، وبالتالي إن ذرائع الباحثين عن سبب لتعطيل القمة كلها مردودة عليهم، فكل ما يحاولون تسويقه من حجج انما كان قائماً قبل عرض الاستضافة وقبل قرار الموافقة العربية عليها، فلماذا إذن هذا الانقلاب على القمة وحشد الأسلحة لنحرها وتالياً الإساءة الى لبنان والإضرار به؟

ومن جهة أخرى نسأل هل طاقات المعرقلين اختصرت في الحجم الذي مارسوه ضد القمة؟ ام أن هناك محاذير خشيها هؤلاء فامتنعوا عن الذهاب إلى أبعد مما ذهبوا اليه في التقزيم والعرقلة والإفشال؟ فلماذا عرقلوا ولماذا امتنعوا عن الذهاب الى الأبعد؟

أما عن العرقلة والتحجيم فإننا نرى أن أسبابه تعود الى رغبة أميركية خليجية بالضغط على لبنان ليراجع سياسته تجاه المقاومة وتجاه سورية وأن يلتزم بإملاءات «النأي بالنفس» الخادعة التي تترجم حقيقة عداء ضد سورية والتحاقاً بالمحاور الأخرى التي عملت وتعمل ضد المقاومة ومحور المقاومة. وبالتالي كان مستوى الحضور والتراجع الدراماتيكي عن الوعود بحضور هذا الرئيس او ذاك الأمير غايته القول بأن على لبنان أن «يراجع سياسته ويحسن سلوكه» حتى يستحق التفافاً عربياً بمستوى القمة حوله وإلا فانه «لن ينال هذا الشرف». فالعرب لا يستسيغون لبنان العنفوان والمقاومة، ولا يتقبلون بسهولة لبنان المنتصر على «إسرائيل».

أما عن الامتناع عن الذهاب الى الأبعد وصولاً الى حد تطيير القمة أو تأجيلها، أو إفشالها كلياً، فإن سببه عائد الى أن ذلك لو حصل سيصيب الجامعة العربية ذاتها قبل أن يصيب لبنان. فالجامعة هي التي دعت والجامعة هي التي قرّرت ولبنان يتفضل على الجامعة بالضيافة والاستضافة. والجامعة اليوم تحت تأثير ضغط القوى الخاضعة للقرار الأميركي وأميركا بحاجة اليوم على الإبقاء ولو نظرياً على ورقة هذه الجامعة حتى تعود الى استعمالها عند الحاجة.

ومن جهة أخرى يعلم الجميع أن الذهاب الى الأبعد قد يدفع العماد عون وهو رجل كلمة وقرار وموقف ورجل شجاعة ورأي معاً، يدفعه للذهاب الى الأبعد أيضاً وبإمكانه أن يفعل سواء على الصعيد الداخلي او الصعيد الخارجي الإقليمي، وليس من مصلحة هؤلاء دفع العماد عون الى مواقف لا تريحهم. وهذا لا يعني ان العماد لن يقدم الآن، وفي ظل ما حصل من تضييق، على اتخاذ قرارات من هذا القبيل تشمل العلاقة مع سورية ومسالة تشكيل الحكومة وسواها مما قد يجد الرئيس مصلحة وطنية وصيغة انتقامية في اتخاذه.

أما عن حصيلة المواجهة حول القمة وفيها وبدون غوص في القرارات الـ 29 التي اتخذت والتي وفقاً لما نعتقد لن تكون أحسن حالاً من قرارات سبقتها في القمم العربية السالفة التي بقيت حبراً على ورق فإن أهم ما يعنينا من أمر القمة وما أحاط بها ما يلي:

إن مجرد انعقادها في الظروف التي سادت، كان فيها تحدٍّ ربحَهُ لبنان، صحيح أن التأجيل بسبب غياب سورية كان مفيداً في وجه من الوجوه وكان موقفنا واضحاً بهذا الصدد ، لكن الانعقاد مع تمسك لبنان بوجوب عودة سورية وكشف هزالة المواقف العربية من المسألة كان له قيمة سياسية يبنى عليها لاحقاً ويشكل نجاحاً للبنان في هذا المجال.

معالجة مسألة النزوح السوري وضرورة العودة الآمنة دونما ربط بالحل السياسي، كما تريد قوى العدوان على سورية أمر يشكل أيضاً نجاحاً للبنان ولسورية أيضاً، حيث شكل قرار النازحين واللاجئين أساساً يبنى عليه في المواقف الدولية مستقبلاً لمصلحة سورية ولبنان معاً وطبعاً لمصلحة النازحين السوريين الذين يريد الغرب اتخاذهم رهينة أو ورقة ضغط على سورية في إطار الحل السياسي.

أكد لبنان رغم الكثير من العوائق والظروف الذاتية والموضوعية أنه يتمتع بقدرات هامة في مجال الأمن والتنظيم وإدارة اجتماعات من هذا النوع وبهذا المستوى. وفي هذا أيضاً كسب وطني معنوي يحجب الى حد بعيد الخسائر والنفقات المادية التي تكبّدها لبنان في هذا السياق.

أما عن المقاطعين والمعرقلين وفي أي مكان او موقع وجدوا فقد كشفوا أنفسهم وفضحوا قدراتهم المحدودة في التأثير على أمر بحجم ما حصل. وقد يكون ذلك درساً يستفاد منه، ويبقى أن نقول كلمة لممتهني جلد الذات، إنه في المسائل الوطنية يجب أن تتقدم صورة الوطن ومصلحته على مصالح الشخص وذاتيته وأنانيته ولو لحظة واحدة…

أستاذ جامعي وباحث استراتيجي

ليس زمن العمل العربي المشترك… والحصاد مواقف

يناير 21, 2019

ناصر قنديل

– يكشف توقيت القمة العربية الاقتصادية بعيداً عن قضايا النقاش اللبناني حول دعوة سورية، والموقف من المشاركة الليبية، أنها لا تأتي في زمن العمل العربي المشترك، وأن الرهان على مبادرات يتقدم بها فريق عربي يفترض أن النأي بالنفس عن النزاعات التي تنتج الاهتراء في الوضع العربي، يمكّنه من تجسير الهوة والخروج بمقررات بناءة في مجال العربي المشترك، هو مجرد حلم أو وهم، وأن حضور قمة مخصصة لشأن اقتصادي تنموي يتحول قضية سياسية دولية تشكل قضية أساسية في زيارة وزير الخارجية الأميركية إلى المنطقة ولقاءاته مع حكامها. وتصير كل المقررات ذات الطابع الاقتصادي مجرد حبر على ورق لن تبصر النور لأنها تحتاج الإرادة السياسية التي تقرّر تمويلاً يبدو واضحاً أنه صار بغير يد أصحاب القرار العرب، في ظل التوجه الأميركي نحو إحصاء القرش الذي يخرج من أي صندوق عربي نحو البلدان التي تشتبه واشنطن بصلتها بقوى المقاومة، وربطه بشروط سياسية تتصل بالموقف من المقاومة نفسها. هذا هو حال الموقف من المصرف العربي لإعادة الإعمار سيكون، وخصوصاً في سورية، وهو حال المساهمات العربية في موازنة الأونروا.

– لبنان بعد القمة لا يستطيع التحدث عن حصاد عملي كمثل مصرف الإعمار أو تبني قضية النازحين السوريين وعودتهم إلى بلادهم، أو تمويل الأونروا التي قررت واشنطن منع التمويل عنها، والتعامل مع لبنان نفسه كافٍ ليقرأ اللبنانيون حال الوضع العربي، وأن يكتفوا بقراءة حصاد المواقف لا الأعمال والتوقعات، وفي المواقف لا يمكن إلا تسجيل مجموعة من النقاط سجلها لبنان والمعني بالقمة واحد وهو رئيس الجمهورية العماد ميشال عون ووزير الخارجية جبران باسيل، وقد نجحا بقوة في تثبيت موقف لبناني متميّز من موقع العلاقة بسورية، ودورها العربي وخطورة غيابها عن المشهد العربي الرسمي، وتربط الغياب والحضور بقرار يصدر من الخارج، لدرجة يمكن القول إن كلمة وزير الخارجية في هذا المجال كانت غاية في القوة والوضوح والتعبير عن الخيار الثابت مع سورية، بحيث امتصت مواقفه كل التباينات التي سبقت القمة والموقف من عقد القمة بغياب سورية، وجاء كلام رئيس الجمهورية عن عدم معرفة موقف سورية من العودة إلى الجامعة ليثبت من جهة أن موقف لبنان ليس تعبيراً عن طلب سوري، بل ليقول لهم ربما تقرّرون عودة سورية ويكون لها شروط للعودة، مكمّلاً للكلام الذي قاله وزير الخارجية.

– في شأن دعم وتمويل عودة النازحين السوريين إلى بلدهم خاض لبنان صراعاً مريراً وفشل في الحصول على موقف عربي داعم لفصل العودة عن مسارات الحل السياسي وشروطه، ما أكد أن بمستطاع لبنان أن يستخدم منبر القمة أكثر مما يستطيع انتزاع مواقف وقرارات تنسجم مع رؤيته للمصلحة العربية، لأن القرار العربي في القضايا الحساسة ليس عربياً بكل أسف، لكن لبنان نجح في حشر العرب في الزاوية في قضية اللاجئين الفلسطينيين، حيث نجح بسبب فشل مشروع صفقة القرن وقوة حضور الفلسطينيين في ساحات المواجهة، فتضمّن إعلان بيروت الصادر عن القمة الذي تفادى دعم عودة النازحين السوريين إلى بلدهم بمعزل عن الحل السياسي، نصاً صريحاً عن دعم تمويل الأنروا وصولاً لعودة اللاجئين الفلسطينيين وفقاً للقرار الأممي 194، وهو أمر بلا شك يشكل إصابة في مرمى كل أصحاب المشاريع الهادفة لتصفية القضية الفلسطينية.

– فريق الرابع عشر من آذار المراهن على تحويل الجدل حول حضور سورية ومشاركة ليبيا إلى مشروع ربح لخياراته السياسية يتجلى بانضباط رئيس الجمهورية ووزير الخارجية بالموقف السعودي أصيب بالإحباط، وزاده إحباطاً حضور أمير قطر والتعليق الرسمي على حضوره بالحديث عن حصار قطر وحصار القمة، وترميم العلاقة بين الحلفاء يحتل الأولوية طالما لا خسائر في جوهر المواقف.

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