The Transnational Hezbollah Commander: Sayyed Abbas Mousawi

Israa al-Fass and Marwa Haidar

“This resistance is our source of pride. It taught us everything. The resistance taught us that we can make strength out of our weakness,” said Sayyed Abbas Al-Mousawi, former Hezbollah Secretary General who was assassinated by Israeli occupation on February 16, 1992.

Sayyed Abbas was known for his resistance movement that knew no boundaries. Starting by Lebanon and Palestine, and not ending by Syria, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan, Sayyed Abbas considered Palestine as the primary cause of the Muslim nation. He saw the resistance as a transnational movement that can’t only operate in one battlefield.

Palestine Was the Spark

Sayyed Abbas AlMousawi

Inspired by a youth who was the first Lebanese to be martyred in a battle with Israeli occupation in 1968 in Jordan, Sayyed Abbas, who was 15 years old back then, went to Syria’s Zabadani to take part in a training camp established by Fatah Palestinian resistance movement.

The senior commander then decided to apply himself to Hawza studies. He affiliated with leading Lebanese Shia cleric Imam Sayyed Mousa Al-Sadr in the southern town of Tyre. After that, he joined Hawza of Grand Ayatollah Sayyed Mohammad Baqer Al-Sadr in the holy city of Najaf. Sayyed Mohammad Baqer Al-Sadr was an influential Shia cleric, philosopher, political leader, and founder of the Daawa Party of Iraq.

Upon his arrival to Lebanon in 1978, when the Baathist regime expelled all non Iraqi clerics, Sayyed Abbas founded Al-Muntathar Hawza in Baalbeck. He believed that the role of this Hawza was not limited to the Shiite arena in Lebanon. In March 1978, the Israeli enemy launched an aggression on Lebanon in which it managed to occupy areas located to the south of Litani River. At time, Sayyed Abbas played pivotal role in mobilizing the Lebanese people for resistance.

Sayyed Abbas was highly inspired by the victory of the Islamic Revolution led by Imam Sayyed Ruhollah Khomeini in 1979. The revolution in Iran represented for the former Hezbollah S.G. a glimpse of hope in face of the US hegemony and Israeli oppression.

Establishing Hezbollah

Following the Israeli occupation of south Lebanon in June 1982, Sayyed Abbas returned to Lebanon from Tehran along with Sheikh Ragheb Harb, Lebanese cleric who was well-known for his anti-Israel stances and then was a senior Hezbollah commander. The two men worked at the end of that year on establishing the resistance movement, Hezbollah.

“The Islamic Resistance in south Lebanon. We called it Islamic because its ideology ad spirit is Islam. However, it is for all the oppressed people across the world,” Sayyed Abbas said about Hezbollah, the Islamic Resistance in Lebanon.

In that year (1982), Sayyed Abbas headed a delegation representing Hezbollah to Iran, where they met Imam Khomeini who blessed their efforts, telling them that “he sees victory on their foreheads,” according to “Jihad and Martyrdom Leader” documentary which explores the life of Sayyed Abbas.

Sacred Defense in Ahvaz

Later in 1983, Sayyed Abbad headed for Iran’s Ahvaz to take part in the sacred defense during the war launched by the Baathist regime in Iraq.  Imam Khomeini dispatched his personal delegate Sheikh Abbas Al-Kaabi who urged Sayyed Abbas to go back to Lebanon, stressing that the Lebanese battlefield needed him more.

When he returned to Lebanon, Sayyed Abbas tried to strengthen ties with other Muslim clerics from outside the Shiite arena in a bid to boost Islamic unity and unify resistance movements allover Lebanon.

He coordinated resistance efforts with both Sheikh Said Shaaban in the northern city of Tripoli and Sheikh Maher Hammoud in the southern city of Sidon.

Resistance Path of Victory

ormer Hezbollah Secretary General Sayyed Abbas Al-Mousawi with resistance fighters (photo from archive)

“Sayyed Abbas presented the resistance as a path of victory not only as a path of martyrdom,” Hezbollah Secretary General Sayyed Hasan Nasrallah described his predecessor in the documentary which was aired on Al-Manar TV.

Sayyed Abbas was the military commander of the Islamic Resistance in south Lebanon. He personally oversaw resistance operations which forced the Israeli enemy to withdraw from Beirut and then from Sidon to the southern villages and towns.

Visits to Pakistan, Afghanistan, Kashmir

In March 1990, Sayyed Abbas went to Pakistan, to take part in a pro-Palestine conference. In that visit he toured 17 Pakistani villages, where he tackled Israeli oppression, importance of resistance and US schemes in the region. After that, Sayyed Abbas visited Afghanistan, where he met with fighters against Soviet troops, and then he went to Kashmir.

Hezbollah S.G.

In April 1991, and following years of hard work in ranks of the Islamic Resistance, Sayyed Abbas was elected to be Hezbollah Secretary General. Sayyed Nasrallah narrates in the “Jihad and Martyrdom” documentary how long it took to convince Sayyed Abbas that he has to accept this post.

“After ten days of attempts to convince him, Sayyed Abbas accepted to assume his duties as the Secretary General of Hezbollah,” according to Sayyed Nasrallah.

Upon his election, Sayyed Abbas was maintained strong relation with resistance fighters as well as with Lebanese people whom was keen to serve them. He raised the slogan of “We Are All at Your Service,” referring to securing basic needs of the people in light of the state’s absence in several areas especially in south, Bekaa and Beirut southern suburb.

Martyrdom and Will

Sayyed Abbas was assassinated in February 16 1992, when he was returning from south Lebanon where there was a ceremony marking the martyrdom anniversary of Sheikh Ragheb Harb. Israeli Apache helicopters fired missiles at his motorcade, killing him, his wife, his five-year-old son, and four others.

Following his martyrdom, Sayyed Hasan Nasrallah succeeded Sayyed Abbas, whose primary will was to “preserve the Islamic Resistance.”

Source: Al-Manar Website

Voice Message from Former Hezbollah SG Martyr Sayyed Abbas al-Mousawi to His Family in 1983: Preserve Faith & Education (Video) 

محنة العراق بين الأسباب الداخلية والتدخل الخارجي

ديسمبر 28, 2019

د. وفيق إبراهيم

يتدحرج العراق بسرعة من أزمة تبدو سياسية في ظاهرها، الى قضية وطنية كبرى تهدّد بالتحوّل الى صراع مكشوف بين أقاليم عرقية ومذهبية.

هذا لا ينفي السمات الطبقية والسياسية للانتفاضة الشعبية التي تجتاح العراق منذ ثلاثة أشهر متواصلة في المناطق الجنوبية وبعض أنحاء العاصمة بغداد وجوارها.

ما يُشجّع على استيعاب أفضل لحركة جماهيرية عفوية ضاقت ذرعاً بالفساد السياسي الذي يدكّ أرض الرافدين منذ 2003 تقريباً ويحرم أهلها من المياه العذبة والبنى التحتية وفرص العمل والحياة الكريمة ويستوعب أكثر من ضرورة الفصل بين هذه الانتفاضات المحقة وبين انخراط سياسي فيها لا ينتمي اليها، إلا بالتحريض والعمل على تأجيجها لتصبح مبرراً لصراعات قد تؤدي الى تمزيق العراق الى اكثر من كانتونات.

وإلا كيف نفهم حركة رئيس الجمهورية برهم صالح الذي رفض تطبيق المادة 76 من الدستور العراقي التي تنصّ على تسليم الرئيس اسم المرشح لرئاسة مجلس الوزراء على أن يكون منبثقاً من الكتلة الأكبر في المجلس النيابي.

وبما أن الدوائر الدستورية أفتت بأن كتلة «البناء» التي يترأسها هادي العامري هي الأكبر، فكان لزاماً على الرئيس برهم صالح إعلان مرشحها اسعد العيداني رئيساً للحكومة ومكلفاً بتشكيلها.

لكنه وفي إطار مناورة لم يصدقها أحد، أعلن رفضه هذا التكليف، وهذا ليس من حقه الدستوري، مؤكداً في رسالة الى رئيس المجلس النيابي الحلبوس استعداده للاستقالة مستولداً بذلك نيراناً اضافية تزيد من حدة الاضطرابات التي أدّت حتى الآن الى نحو 500 قتيل وآلاف الجرحى، في تظاهرات مفتوحة اندس فيها مأجورون يطلقون النار على المتظاهرين والقوى الأمنية معاً، وتبين أن الفاعلين هم من بقايا حزب البعث التابع للرئيس السابق صدام حسين، ومندسّين محسوبين على الاخوان المسلمين وبعض الإماراتي، بالاضافة الى الدور الأميركي الواضح الذي يتدخل في العراق انطلاقاً من تسع قواعد عسكرية تنتشر من الحدود السورية وحتى أعالي كردستان.

ان كل الاطراف السياسية الإقليمية والدولية ذات صلة بالأزمة العراقية، وجدت فرصتها التاريخية السانحة لتتدخل ببعد وحيد وهو القضاء على بنى سياسية عراقية متحالفة مع ايران وسورية، هذا فضلاً عن قوى عراقية ككتلتي «سائرون والحكمة» التي تعتقد أن هذه التظاهرات قد تتيح لهما احتكار رئاسة مجلس الوزراء من المنافسين في حركة «البناء».

هناك ايضاً لاعب مهم وهو المرجعية الإسلامية العليا التي لا تمارس السياسة إلا من زاوية مصلحة عموم العراقيين وأمن البلاد.

لكنها لا تستطيع الولوج في لعبة اختيار الأسماء المناسبة، لما تشكله من ضرر بالإجماع العراقي حولها، لذلك نجدها مأزومة لكنها نجحت في دفع مجلس النواب الى الموافقة على قانون انتخابات جديد، وتضغط لإجراء انتخابات عاجلة لإعادة انتاج طبقة سياسية جديدة تتلاءم مع مطالب الانتفاضة الشعبية، وبذلك تكون المرجعية قد اسهمت في مشروع لحل الازمة الشعبية الداخلية ووضعت حداً لتدخلات القوى الداخلية التاريخية المهزومة وارتباطاتها الإقليمية والأميركية.

ويبدو أن القوى السياسية العراقية تفضل الدخول في معادلة تشكيل حكومة جديدة لتهرب من انتخابات تبدو نتائجها المرتقبة بأنها لمصلحة الانتفاضة الشعبية.

ضمن هذا السياق، يجب استيعاب ان ما فعله برهم صالح هو مزيد من تأزيم الأزمة لمصلحة إحداث فراغ دستوري في مجلس وزراء ينتج القرار في العراق، وممارسة لعبة التعطيل يندرج في إطار السياسات نفسها التي يلعبها الاميركيون في العراق، فكيف يمكن لبرهم أن يذهب هذا المنحى وهو الذي يعرف مدى ارتباط الإصلاح الداخلي بالصراع بين المكونات العرقية والمذهبية والاحتلال الاميركي والادوار الخليجية والتركية، كما يعرف ايضاً ان كردستان التي ينتمي اليها محكومة من آل البرزاني الذين ينهبون موازنتها ونفطها ويبيعونه لتركيا، وهو لا يجهل أن آل البرزاني يتحضّرون لاعلان استقلالية اقليمهم نسبياً وربما الى حدود الانفصال الكامل، لذلك فإن اعتكافه في كردستان يأتي مثابة تشجيع على التقسيم وتشجيع لقوى الوسط على انتهاج الأسلوب نفسه، وهنا يأتي فوراً مدى التأثير الأميركي على برهم وأمثاله.

هل هذا يعني ان الانتفاضة الشعبية ليست اصيلة؟ إنها اكثر من ذلك لأنها تأتي رداً على فساد سياسي تشكل القوى التي حكمت العراق منذ 2003، عمودها الرئيسي، وهي نفسها التي تشكل الغالبية النيابية وتتحالف مع إيران التي لا علاقة لها بهذا الفساد.

ما هو المطلوب اذاً؟ ليس معقولاً أن تتقدم كتلة البناء بترشيح أسعد العبداني محافظ مدينة البصرة المحرومة من أبسط أنواع الخدمات العامة، حتى من مياه الشرب، ويوجد فيها أعلى نسبة بطالة وفساد، فجاء هذا الترشيح ليشكل تحدياً للمتظاهرين الذين يشكل أهالي الجنوب نحو 90 بالمئة منه، وعاصمتهم البصرة التي تحوّلت في الخمس عشر عاماً الاخيرة أرضاً يباساً جافة تحتاج الى كل شيء وتحتجب ويعمها فقر غير مسبوق.العراقالىأين؟نصيحةالمرجعية بالانتخابات العاجلة ضرورة، على أن يليها تشكيل للحكومة وفق ترشيح من تختاره الكتلة الأكبر، واستعادة الممكن من لاموال المنهوبة ، بذلك يجري تجديد الطبقة السياسية التي يجب أن تحكم العراق ببرنامج عمل عنوانه إنقاذ أرض الرافدين من الفقرالمدقع والاحتلال الأميركي

“Death to the Islamic Republic” they chant now- and they call themselves Iranians

January 18, 2020

By Aram Mirzaei for The Saker Blog

Nobody has escaped the news of the so called “popular demonstrations” in Iran during the recent days. Hundreds of thousands of articles, updates and tweets have been made on this matter, and many have talked about what the reasons behind these protests have been. Many videos show groups so called Iranians tearing down the pictures of Martyr Qassem Soleimani, while others chant “death to the Islamic Republic” and “death to Khamenei”. Thousands of such people have appeared across Iran and many of those Iranians outside of Iran cheer on them while the Empire takes every chance to attack Iran as these protests are used by the Western Media to wage psychological warfare on the Islamic Republic.

This marks a new stage in the audacity of dissent in the Islamic Republic. In order to understand what I’m talking about; we should take a trip back in history to recognize the sworn enemies of the Islamic Republic. The Islamic Republic has since the beginning of its existence had two mortal, existential enemies – the MEK cult and the Monarchists. For a while, the Communists were a force too to be reckoned, especially in the 1980’s.

The MEK cultists, advocating “Islamic Marxism”, seek to replace the Islamic Republic’s old and conservative policies with their “modern interpretation”. In their quest for power, they’ve committed heinous acts, such as terrorism and treason, to the point where even the US, Canada and the European Union, enemies of Iran, had listed them as a terrorist organization. They have since lifted the designation and have been grooming them into becoming a “viable opposition group”.

After the 1979 revolution, the Islamic Republic had managed to drive away or execute most Monarchists and many of their supporters went into exile in the West, mostly the US, where they continued their opposition. With most of Iran’s wealth taken away by the monarchists in exile, the Islamic Republic defended by a group of ill-trained and poorly equipped group of men calling themselves “Army of Guardians of the Islamic Revolution”, fought against internal and external enemies during most of the 1980’s. The invading Iraqi Army, Communist guerrilla groups, MEK cultists armed by the Saddam regime, and separatist groups were fought vigilantly during the entire war with neighboring Iraq.

One by one, they were defeated and driven out of the country, into exile and the Islamic Republic won the battle for its survival. The communists were all but destroyed and driven into exile and the once powerful Tudeh party was split into several factions. The war ended when the MEK terrorist group were defeated in 1988, after they had been armed by the Saddam regime and launched an invasion into their own country. Saddam, who had been armed and supported by Western countries, including the US, was driven back from Iranian land and the war with Iraq resulted with a status quo ante bellum, and over a million dead Iranians. With the MEK driven back into Iraq, the Islamic Republic had survived this tremendous test and stood its ground and yet many more challenges stood in its way in the coming years. Only a year after the end of the war, the founder of the Islamic Republic, Imam Khomeini passed away, leaving what many believed would be a vacuum for his successor to fill. The morning after Khomeini’s death, on June 4, 1989, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei was elected as the new Leader of the Islamic Revolution despite not belonging to the rank of Marja (Grand Ayatollah), as required by the constitution, although this requirement was later removed through amendments to the constitution.

Throughout Khamenei’s rule, several rounds of rather large and widespread protests have struck Iran. The first significant one occurred in 1999, when students in Tehran protested against the closure of a reformist newspaper. The next challenge was the 2009 presidential elections and the aftermath of widespread protests due to the alleged election fraud in which Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was elected president for a second term. Both of these incidents were marked by violence and disaffection among the protesters, yet they never chanted against the Islamic Republic, they never rioted and attacked security forces in the ways that we have seen recently. In both of those protests, the protestors were pro-reformist and chanted in support for ex-president Mohammad Khatami and the presidential candidate of the 2008 elections – Mir Hossein Mousavi.

Yes, the 2009 protests were foreign backed, but not in the same obvious ways that we see today. For the first time in November 2019, I witnessed slogans calling for the death of Khamenei and outright regime change. The heinous act of tearing down Martyr Qassem Soleimani’s show these people’s absolute contempt for the Islamic Republic, but it also shows something else: that they are not protesting due to poor living standards or lack of freedom. It would make absolutely no sense to tear down the poster of Martyr Soleimani if they were poor or feeling oppressed since Martyr Soleimani’s struggle was mainly conducted abroad in an effort to liberate the region from the hands of tyrants. In fact, Iranians have Martyr Soleimani and the Quds Force to thank for their own safety from terrorism, as Imam Khamenei once said: “If we were not fighting Daesh in Aleppo or Mosul, we would be fighting them in the streets of Kermanshah and Tehran.”

If poverty was an issue, then the government reform to the gas subsidies should be welcomed by the poor since that money will now go to the poorest families in Iran. Yet the same “protestors” instead turned to rioting and set fire on banks and government buildings, rather strange isn’t it?

One should also take note of some curious things this time around. We all know that Iran announced that it accidentally shot down the Ukrainian airliner. On that same day, small anti-government began to spring up in Tehran, mainly led by university students, chanting “death to the liars”, the only problem is that nobody lied. Iran admitted to have accidentally downed that plane. Yes. it took a few days, because there had to be an investigation first before drawing any conclusions, despite whatever evidence other countries supposedly had. It’s not like these countries, allies of the Terrorist Empire, haven’t lied and pinned incidents on Iran before…

In any case, the media have been very anxious for this news. Barely any mention on the Yellow vests and the violent protests in Chile, instead they focus on a couple of thousands of protestors, with rather shady agendas, compared to the 25 million Iranians that mourned for Qassem Soleimani, and portray it as if three poster-tearing “free Iranians” represent the true Iranian sentiment for Martyr Soleimani.

Interestingly, the calls for foreign intervention among these protestors and their supporters abroad is on the rise. The so called protestors and their Twitter fans also deliberately spread videos of these “proud Iranians” who refused to step on the US and Israeli flags, as a way to bait US public support for “American help” while chanting that “the US and Israel aren’t our enemies, our enemy is right here”. There is no question as to who and what these so-called protestors represent. On some videos one can hear pro-Monarchist and pro-MEK chants. MEK communiques such as their social media platforms are filled with active propaganda and calls for regime change. Threats are constantly issued to the Islamic Republic along with instructions and encouragement to attack security forces and military bases. These people openly stand with the Terrorist Empire against their own country – and they dare to call themselves Iranians.

The Monarchists, MEK and the Terrorist Empire want people to believe that Monarchist Iran was a modern and prosperous country. In truth, Iran was a country in decline during the monarchy era, starting from the era of the Qajar dynasty in the late 1700s to the early 1900s, and continuing with the Pahlavi era to 1979. It was a country were up until 1978, 60% of the population were illiterate, where large parts of the population lived without electricity or running water, and a large majority of the country’s oil belonged to foreign powers, with a leader who had come to power through a foreign backed coup. Only the Islamic Republic has successfully ended 200 years of humiliation in the face of foreigners. Only the Islamic Republic can defend Iran from US colonialism. Only the Islamic Republic can lead the region into a rebellion with the aim of kicking the US out of West Asia. They have done more for Iran than any king has since the fall of the Great Safavid dynasty. True Iranian Patriots would wish for an independent Iran where she has retained her culture, instead of having switched it out for Western culture.

This is the Islamic Awakening. For the first time in more than a century, the Islamic world can regain its long lost honor and free itself from the shackles of colonialism and imperialism. But only with the Islamic Republic..

Historic Recurrence: Soleimani Immortalized

Jihad Sermon 27

By Nour Rida

A favorite theory of mine [is] that no occurrence is sole and solitary, but is merely a repetition of a thing which has happened before, and perhaps often.” Mark twain

The concept of historic recurrence has been applied to the overall of history of the world. Repetitive patterns in history provides what some theorists call the Doctrine of Eternal Recurrence. People, who see things with a worldly or materialistic perspective, simply get on with their lives and hope these appalling trends and conditions will go away. This school of thought believes that history is a human construct.

Conversely, the Graeco-Roman and the biblical tradition contributed to the history of this idea. This historic recurrence concept also exits in Shia belief, with one additional dimension that positivists do not believe in: Metaphysics. To understand Shia thought, one cannot but take the spiritual facet into consideration. In Shia thought, one needs to recognize the direction of world affairs and their connection to Quranic history.

Islam and the Qur’an believe that the process of inner and outer changes should proceed side by side so that man may reconstruct his inner faculties that is his spirit, his thinking, his will and his inclinations. This inner infrastructure should be in complete harmony with the outer superstructure.

Man cannot accept truth and act uprightly so long as a desire for a change for the better does not have a firm hold on his heart and he does not rebuild himself from within. Society cannot be shaped in a befitting manner unless man’s heart is replete with human values representing truth. Otherwise any talk of truth will be hollow and meaningless. One of the most important marks of a person’s faith or commitment to religious or ethical values is his readiness to defend that belief with life itself if necessary.

In Shia tradition, Hussein, the Grandson of Islam’s Prophet Mohamad is a martyr par excellence, who was killed to raise the issue of resisting injustice.  Martyr, according to Britannica encyclopedia, is one who voluntarily suffers death rather than deny his religion by words or deeds; such action is afforded special, institutionalized recognition in most major religions of the world. The term may also refer to anyone who sacrifices his life or something of great value for the sake of principle.

History recurrence and Ashura

How does this relate to recurrence in history? Hussein is an ideal for the oppressed vs. oppressors, justice vs. injustice, and to defend human values and piety. Ashura marks the martyrdom of Hussein and 72 of his companions in 680 AD in what is known today as the city of Karbala, Iraq. They refused to pledge allegiance to the tyrant ruler of that time, Yazid. The Battle of Karbala between a small group of supporters and relatives of Hussein and a larger military detachment from the forces of the Umayyad caliph represents the war as one between good and evil. Hussein’s martyrdom is considered by the Shia community as a symbol of humanity’s struggle against injustice, tyranny and oppression. Ashura has, according to Shia though, religious, spiritual, political, cultural, military and epistemological dimensions. This Ashura historical event formed a paradigm shift in Shia tradition and is one of the main pillars of the Islamic Republic of Iran. It does not matter if you are Shia or not, as long as you are oppressed you will be provided support in face of tyranny.

The moral fabric of society began to decay as Yazid ruled with his own interests in mind. Hussein was highly respected within society, and his endorsement would carry great weight. Yazid needed a man like Hussain to follow his rule in order to provide legitimacy to his corrupt government. But Hussain was a man of morals and strived for social justice. Hussain could not sit and endorse Yazid and spoke out against him, despite it being a risk to his life.

Hussein was martyred to preserve Islam and its teachings, and to defend justice and human values. His legacy is invoked as a source of strength when people face insurmountable challenges. The epic of Karbala is ultimately a legacy of resistance against wrong, with a central hero whose sacrifice immortalized him.

Immortalizing Soleimani

On Friday, 3rd of January 2020, US President Trump declared himself standing behind the assassination of head of the Quds Forces, General Qassem Soleimani. In 2015, Candidate Trump confused the Quds Force, an elite Iranian military unit then led by high-profile Maj. Gen. Qassim Soleimani, with the Kurds, a high-profile ethnic group in the Middle East. Well anyways, it is not the first time he does not seem to know his stuff. Gen. Soleimani had played a major role in defending Iran against its enemies and assisting regional countries fight foreign occupation and terrorism. He gradually became known as an adept commander during the US-backed Saddam Hussein 8-year war against Iran. He gradually became a forefront figure as he assisted regional states and helped fight US-backed terrorist groups a.k.a Daesh. In the recent years, the IRGC commander emerged as a key strategist and ingenious commander leading Iranian military advisers assisting Syrian and Iraqi troops in battles against terrorists.

Thinking he might run away from impeachment or get a full strike on preparing for a stronger presidential campaign, Trump ordered the assassination. Soleimani was killed and Trump turned him more alive than ever; he immortalized him. Iranians poured into the streets like never before; only once seen in the history of Iran when founder of the Islamic Revolution Imam Khomeini passed away. Iranians see Trump as a ‘terrorist in a suit’.

During the Karbala epic, Yazid was the embodiment of evil, as is Saddam Hussein, Osama bin Laden, Daesh, American Imperialism, ‘Israeli’ apartheid, African apartheid and the like; the analogy can be drawn here.

Paradigm shift: beginning of US withdrawal

The US rejects to see any form of independence, sovereignty or autonomy in the Middle East, not to mention that it’s all about the oil and economy.  In their book Going to Tehran, the Leveretts, former US National Security Council staffers, argue that the Islamic Republic is a powerful, rational actor in the Middle East. In their book, and based on their visits to Iran and first-hand experience, they note that it enjoys political legitimacy internally and is faithful to its constitution and accountable to its people. It is also the main impediment to the United States’ hegemonic dominance in the region. Since the 1979 paradigm shift of the Islamic Revolution, and Iran choosing to be independent and different, US governments have been putting immense pressure on the country; it has broken the norm of accepting colonialism and imperialism and chose to stand up for its values. Since then, the US consecutive governments and through a mainstream narrative has been launching soft and hard wars against Iran.

Trump killed Soleimani, the paradigm shift and a new beginning started. In retaliation for the assassination operation, Iran fired dozens of rockets hitting the two-trillion worth American military base in Iraq of Ain al-Assad. Iran broke the norms, and broke the US army invincibility just like Lebanon’s resistance broke the ‘Israeli’ army’s invincibility in 2000 when it forced the ‘Israeli’ occupation forces to withdraw from Lebanon. Today, Iran vows that the final revenge for the Soleimani will be only one thing: A US total withdrawal from the region.

Just like the martyrdom of Hussein preserved human values and Islam, the martyrdom of Soleimani and all those who believe in resisting oppression, hegemony, tyranny and imperialism will be fruitful. 

Analysis: Historical inevitability of ‘1979 US embassy’ event in Iraq: not now, but soon

Thursday, 02 January 2020 12:47 PM 

Supporters of Iraq’s Hashd al-Sha’abi force hold placards depicting trampled US symbols reading in Arabic “Welcome” during a protest outside the US embassy in the Iraqi capital Baghdad on January 1, 2020 to condemn the US air strikes that killed 25 Hashd fighters over the weekend. (Photo by AFP)

By Ramin Mazaheri

Ramin Mazaheri is the chief correspondent in Paris for Press TV and has lived in France since 2009. He has been a daily newspaper reporter in the US, and has reported from Iran, Cuba, Egypt, Tunisia, South Korea and elsewhere. He is the author of the books ‘I’ll Ruin Everything You Are: Ending Western Propaganda on Red China’ and the upcoming ‘Socialism’s Ignored Success: Iranian Islamic Socialism.’

The recent protests at the US embassy/city-state/Superman fortress of solitude in Iraq undoubtedly served notice of what the 2020s will bring for Iraq: freedom from three decades of US domination and terrorism.

The protests were shocking for many reasons. Iraq has been under the boot of the US for so long many around the world thought such resistance was impossible. Pity the poor, underestimated Iraqis: even when they did engage in civic disobedience the West sought, as usual, to give all the credit/blame to Iran. After dominating them so long, the West is incapable of seeing Iraqis as a people/culture with the power of self-determination. The endless refrain is “Iran-backed militias”, but it is Iraqis who staff those militias and who crossed into the Green Zone.

The past few days have produced much for us to comment about, but what good are such comments regarding the Iraqi context if we divorce ourselves from their past few decades?

There was a lot of debate, first provoked by the British medical journal The Lancet, about the death toll from Gulf War II, but few seem to remember the horrific death toll from Gulf War I of Bush père: 400,000 Iraqi dead, half of them civilians. Just 300 deaths combined among the anti-Iraq axis.

That’s a stunning figure which should not be forgotten, but to the “blame Iran” crowd in the West this war never happened. In fact, Gulf War I to Americans is something of a joke: the images of precision missiles going down chimneys, ecstatically broadcast in a ratings uber-bonanza for the still-new 24-hour news of CNN, helped “restore pride” to an America whose last conflict was Vietnam. The short-lived economic boom of the 1990s followed, and Gulf War I was barely an afterthought immediately.

Top cleric condemns US strikes on PMU bases, urges respect for Iraq sovereignty

Top cleric condemns US strikes on PMU bases, urges respect for Iraq sovereigntyThe drone strikes killed at least 27 individuals and wounded 51 others.

Sanctions, however, are not a ratings bonanza for CNN – the blockaded Cubans, allegedly starving North Koreans and the horrifically-sanctioned Iraqis (which ran until Gulf War II) do not provide exciting, pride-swelling, jingoism-fuelling footage. Quite the opposite, which is why the US runs no such footages; they didn’t have to ban footage of dead US soldiers for Gulf War I, but the “free press” of the US allegedly remained “free” even when they did just that for Gulf War II. One would think that in the “blame Iran” crowd one or two Americans might point out that this era of Husseinian splendor amid everyday want (and during the last era of global economic expansion) might have produced just a bit of anti-American resentment which may still linger?

Gulf War II came, but has it really gone? Is Iraq any different than a French neo-colonial subject in Africa, with foreign troops protecting the interests of foreign capital and not the welfare of the people?

Questions worth answering, but the “blame Iran” crowd only insists that the Gulf War II devastation of Iraq – maybe unparalleled since the “Korean conflict” – is the fault of non-belligerent Tehran. The destruction of infrastructure capital, the wasting/fleeing of human capital, the lives ruined by death/maiming/psychological trauma – this is all too much for a human to fully grasp, but one should not take the approach of the US and make no effort to grasp it at all.

This lack of effort at self-reflection is very typically American even within their own society – if America’s leaders will push a McCarthy-era Russophobia wave for three years just to avoid honest discussion of the failures of the Democratic Party and “democracy with American characteristics”, then why should we expect those leaders to be honest about Iraq? Why should we ask those leaders to honestly account for the murders, bombings, assassinations, strangulations and corruption they ordered for three decades?

Given the three decades of US domination and occupation, how can anyone be surprised by the recent protests targeting their embassy?

Indeed, many Iraqis, especially their young, are probably saying, “Why did it take so long to get here?”

A protester wearing the Iraqi flag stands outside the US embassy in the Iraqi capital Baghdad on January 1, 2020 during a demonstration. (Photo by AFP)

Two thousand nineteen was a momentous year in the Middle East because a local nation proved for the first time in two centuries that they have technological and military parity with Western capitalist-imperialists in the war theater of the Middle East. That country is Iran, which already began proving 40 years ago that they have a political, intellectual and artistic (cinema) culture equal to or better than, and certainly more modern and “of the historical moment”, than that of the West. What we saw on these Western new year’s eve protests in Iraq is a spreading confirmation of these slow, long-running historical trends, processes and facts. 

The protests were cheered by many worldwide of course: even if the Western political and media elite has these insane anti-Iran and pro-US capitalism-imperialism blinders on, the average person does not. Many hoped the protests would turn into a new Tahrir Square, like in Egypt, but they were disbanded after only two days.

That seems like a sad development, but the people of Iraq, Iran and their allies realize that sending out a force is no good unless that force can be controlled. Egypt was not under foreign occupation, after all. Many Iraqis justifiably feel they are at war and the embassy protests were an “attack” – it was not a place to spontaneously express patriotism and see how that may or may not coalesce. 

I suggest that the protest force was sent home because the damage has been done. After all, has the Green Zone ever been so breached?

The psychological and cultural consequences of this two-day affair are nothing but positive for Iraqis and nothing but negative for Americans and their corrupt, self-interested allies.

US airlifts forces to Iraq embassy amid protests

US airlifts forces to Iraq embassy amid protestsFootage shows US military aircraft dropping off as many as 100 marines to the American Embassy in Baghdad amid angry anti-US protests.

It is thus very similar to Iran’s military victories in 2019 – shooting down a drone, stopping a British-flagged tanker: these are not enormous military victories but they are enormously symbolic. They are not the momentous result of long battles but instead herald the very beginning of new long-term forces which are increasing in inevitability every moment.

Yet again in the past year, American planners were dumbfounded, scared and did not know how to react. The US is not powerless in Iraq but for a long moment they felt that way – for a long moment Iraqis felt powerful over Americans. These are not small cultural and psychological things, given the Iraqi historical context.

On a larger level: Hussein came to power by repressing the intersection of democracy and Islam with as much bloody zeal as any Western neo-imperialist. He fought a war at the behest of the West to destroy the Iranian democratic revolution because it dared to unify these two ideas, and proved that they are not acids and bases. When Hussein insisted that Iraqi Baathists are equal to their secular Western counterparts, the West destroyed his country with a blockade and then occupation.

The role of Baathism in Iraq is up to Iraqis to decide, not me. However, its history – and for many reasons beyond their control – is not very stirring, to say the least. If a majority of Iraqis want more of an intersection between Islam and Iraqi democracy than what Baathism tolerated, they do have an example to look at – Iran. It is precisely because Iran provides this example that they are the root of all evil in the Muslim world to Western capitalist-imperialists and Islamophobes. It is not only that Iranians have created a successful society on par with the top Western nations, but the West most certainly needs a scapegoat, due to their history in the region. 

A 1979 US embassy occupation is an historical inevitability in Iraq – we thought maybe this was it, but it was not.

In pictures: Iraqis hold angry protest outside US Embassy

In pictures: Iraqis hold angry protest outside US EmbassyIraqi protesters gather outside the US Embassy in Baghdad to condemn American airstrikes on PMU bases. Here are some exclusive photos.

Perhaps Iraq is truly not ready? They have been rather debilitated for several decades, after all. Nor does Iraq have a shah to kick out first – an embassy occupation for Iraqis would seemingly be the start of their revolution, whereas in Iran the occupation came nine months after the victory of their revolution.

Iraq is not Iran, of course, but the recent events at the Baghdad embassy show that both cultures view the presence of the US in their country as a major, major source of domestic strife and problems.

The reason a US embassy occupation in Iraq is an historical inevitability is because – despite the “blame Iran” propaganda – there is no chance that the US and Iraqis can have a mutually beneficial co-existence due to:

1) the presence of American soldiers,

2) the three decades of violent war, sanctions and occupation waged by the US,

3) the network of corruption created by US capitalist-imperialist influence and ideology, which ensures only and always a subservient role for Iraq, and which purposely disempowers their full potential,

4) the very ideology, practices and culture of the Washington, which are predicated on competition, violence and corruption, which makes them fundamentally opposed to mutually-beneficial cooperation.

(The views expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect those of Press TV.)

The Instability of the East: Between Western Arrogance and Iranian Influence

January 1, 2020

Maaz

Any observer, biased or not, can clearly notice that the east was always unstable throughout history, however, what puts someone in awe is the relative stability in the west and the insusceptible regimes there.

After the Middle East’s borders were drawn relatively randomly between weird zigzags in the deserts and strange lines in mountains, the years of peace there can be counted to a number less than 10. East Europe and South East Asia are no different, with proxy wars and regime changes every now and then.

However, the thing is that these countries, from Egypt, Lebanon, and Iraq to Yugoslavia, Romania, and Ukraine, to Vietnam and such, is that they lack a national identity and common conscious causing them to shift from a camp to another with every regime change. These countries with time proved to be no more than puppet states where the supreme leader, king, or dictator can dictate the foreign policy and type of governance then get scratched and set on different grounds and political camps by the successor.

Modern Middle Eastern politics, or to be more precise and free this area from this dehumanizing phrase by calling it southwest Asia, was shaped after Egypt signed the peace treaty with Israel and Iran emerged as a counterbalance in the Arab – Israeli conflict after the 1979 revolution. During those days, the central and most agonizing political and military crisis was the ongoing tug of war between Israel, an irregular entity in the east, and the homogenous Muslim Arab nations.

With Egypt out of this war along with Jordan and Lebanon sinking deeper in its own political sectarian war, the Palestinian nation and resistance groups found themselves vulnerable to a final attack by the Israel army, IDF, strong enough to end the core of this struggle and finally integrate Gaza and the west bank into the so-called ‘state of Israel.’ And as events unfolded, the IDF triumphed through its invasion of Lebanon in 1982 and laid the foundation of the day of victory against what it called ‘terrorist Palestinian groups’ that threatened the security and well being of the citizens in the Galilee. Yet what no one expected is the emerge of non-state actors that one day with the help of a new emerging regional power to challenge Israel and not only the Galilee with few unguided and ineffective M-21OF 122mm missiles launched from southern Lebanon.

When SL Khomeini’s long fought for revolution overthrew the US assigned and backed dictator of Iran, kings of the kings “Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi”, Iran like almost every eastern nation not only shifted political camps but changed its Persian identity to an Islamic identity. Yet Khomeini did not lead an Islamic revolution to end it at the borders of Iran, his ideology was a region-wide anti-oppression anti-imperialist Islamic movement aimed to aspire the Muslims in the east.

And regardless of how the post events of the revolution happened, between unfair excluding of several political parties and the exile after intimidation of thousands connected to the murderous dictatorship of the shah, the new regime in Iran was not established by force but rather with a national referendum with a 98% turnout and 99% support. Yet for a first glance, these numbers might look odd, but their genuineness was demonstrated by the internal unity and cooperation during the Iraq – Iran war. Khomeini set the foundation of a democratic state supervised by an Islamic constitution written by the elite from Iran, Iraq and even Lebanon. Add to that anyone can argue that Iran is a dictatorship, but why bother with biased prejudiced DC-based think tanks that never studied law or understood the power limitation of each official in the republic.

The foundation of the current work of the current IRI foreign policy started in the late 1960s-1970s before the establishment of the republic itself by educating the masses and building up a conscious. It started with the work and words of the unjustly killed Shia scholars Sayid Mohamamd Baqr al-Sadr and Sayid Mohammed Baqr al-Hakim by the then supported USA president Saddam Hussein and with the work of the prominent scientific and military figure Mustafa Chimran in Lebanon. Mohammad Baqr was laying the foundation of an Iraq free from the Baathist regime who not only oppressed a whole religious sect in Iraq but rather genocided a race and forcefully created a refugee crisis in northern Iraq by Arabizing Kurdish cities.

While in Lebanon, the Lebanese Resistance movement Amal, was founded by Lebanese, born in Iran, scholar Sayid Moussa al Sadr, who arrived in Lebanon in 1959 to lead a civil revolution in the favor of the marginalized and poor Shia citizens of south and north Lebanon. Although these two causes might be different in detail, they were related in one thing: “Western-backed regimes”. Saddam enjoyed a healthy relationship with the USA, France, and the USSR who assisted him with weapons and experts from Europe to fortify his rule. Germany had its fair share of experts in Saddam’s MOD too.

Similarly in Lebanon, the USA initiated for the first time its Eisenhower Doctrine in which the U.S. announced that it would intervene to protect regimes it considered threatened by international communism on the 17th of July 1958 and later in assisting against the SSNP led coup. And thinking about it, it was the 1950’s the decade when the USA became a hated nation for Iranians when it led a coup against the democratically elected government of Mohammad Mossadegh. The USA in this decade took UK’s rule and became the new world police deciding who is fit for democracy and who is not.

Therefore, throughout the ME and Asia, several nations were being nourished on the hate of the United States of America whom they considered a force that is willing to battle every movement and government it considered unfit to its ‘standards of democracy.’ And so it was, and events started to unfold with coups orchestrated by the CIA in more than 15 nations and invasions that went deep even into the jungles of Vietnam.

However, what sets the atrocities and brutality of what the USA did from those done by China or Russia or any other regime in modern times is that they were done under the banner of democracy and free rights and free speech.

It’s the hypocrisy and lies of the West that made it impossible to feel warm-hearted toward them again. Add to that, it’s the selectivity of how Americans deals with state and non-state groups and the unjust naming of groups on the terror list that made things worse. For example, it seems that the USA is fond of the Gulf states that have a very bad human rights record, no elections, and a long list of minority persecution and murder, while it seems to be going against Iran and Syria with maximum pressure through sanctions and limited confrontations although both have elections and remarkable minority coexistence.

Moreover, the USA labels Hezb Allah on its terror list way back from 1996-1997, although Hezb Allah was formed as a reaction to the USA backed IDF invasion of Lebanon in 1982. Hezb Allah kept resisting up to the year 2000 when IDF left Lebanon on the 25th of May. Hezb Allah, unlike the IDF, never deliberately killed civilians during its wars with Israel.

On the other hand, USA labels Kataeb Hezb Allah, Asaeb Ahl Al haq, and other Iraqi groups as terrorist although they were created only as a response to USA’s invasion to Iraq in 2003. The Invasion led by USA and its allies that not only killed and injured up to a million Iraqi, but devastated Iraq and crippled the state till today. Kataeb and Asaeb, Hezb Allah, and the likes did turn to Iran for help in military aid, but does this mean that Hezb Allah, Asaeb, and the likes are Iranian proxies?

Generally speaking, a proxy is a group of pawns doing the work on the behalf of another. However, it seems that the word proxy in Middle Eastern politics has taken a more dehumanizing and mercenary vibe to it aimed to underestimate and devalue the effort and work of a certain group and shorthand it into a sectarian maniac tier groups used by Iran to spread its ‘terror’ in the middle east. Yet this term that sounds childish to use in international circles, became the dominant word used by American foreign policymakers today. Although if anyone read the 2019 American MOD report about Iran, they’d notice that the term partner is used to describe Hezb Allah and other groups in the middle east that are aligned with Iran ideologically. Thus we can conclude without any doubt that the USA has chosen to put its political interest and bias ahead of any reasonable and fair understanding of events in a show of arrogance and childish understanding of the complexity of the Middle East. USA is failing in the exact way the UK failed to understand the Middle East when it tried to shape its boundaries and future.

What happened today in Iraq and the march on the American embassy by the families of the 30 Kataeb Hezb Allah members killed by USAF ‘in retaliation’ is another example of how dangerous things can escalate to. Kataeb Hezb Allah and Asaeb Ahl Al Haq have more than 60,000 veteran soldiers who are ready to storm every single American base in Iraq and massacre the soldiers in retaliation of the unjust killing of Iraqi and PMF soldiers but chose not to. They even refrained from entering the embassy compound and chose to pressure a parliamentary resolution that forces USA forces to leave. If the USA was wiser they would have asked the Iraqi security forces to investigate the 107mm missile launches and capture the people responsible.

Not only would they have respected Iraq’s sovereignty, but rather actually knew who is really after these attacks and presented them as the criminals for attacking an Iraqi base and killing Iraqi and American soldiers.

Things kept evolving and events unfolding to a day when the USA is being challenged by Russia and China over world power, and its ally KSA in Yemen over influence, and its ally Israel by Hezb Allah over existence. The Anti-American axis today massed power and strength enough to challenge the existence of Israel and USA in the Middle East, with only time that will show how the limited attacks by both sides will lead to the war that will end one of the two combatants once and for all.

Sayyed Nasrallah Advising and Graduating: Patience and Piety Come First

When Hezbollah Secretary General His Eminence Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah returned to Al-Montathar Islamic Seminary [Hawza]

By Latifa al-Husseini

Beirut – In the midst of all the hustle and bustle around us, there are superior things. There is the forgiving religion. Its believers are fully devoted to it, to its values and to its origins. They are not distracted from God’s revelation and knowledge. They are students who took a unique path, choosing to delve deeper into Islamic law and pursue it as a way of life.

After ten years of hard work, eight students from Imam Al-Montathar (PBUH) Islamic Seminary [Hawza] in Baalbek completed their studies in Islamic sciences. It is time to wear the turban of Ahl al-Bayt (PBUH). [the Prophet’s household]. It is the peak of bliss for them, equivalent to dreams, let alone when a Hashemi Muhammadi leader is putting those turbans on their heads, making them preachers of belief and faith.

The coronation took place on December 11, the 14th of Rabi’ al-Thani of the Islamic calendar. Eight graduates from Al-Muntathar Hawza were hosted by the Secretary General of Hezbollah. The religious “edifice” had been informed of Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah’s approval to sponsor the graduation of its students in person and was decided to take place last Wednesday. The hawza and its students were prepared.

The time came. Teachers and students were summoned to one of the halls where the security preparations there allowed Sayyed to attend. The attendees gathered. Both the occasion and the circumstance were exceptional. The sponsor of the ceremony has arrived.

There was confusion as the “Secretary” entered. Moments of amazement quickly turned into excitement. While His Eminence shook hands with the students and teachers and warmly embraced them, the director of the hawza’s administrative affairs Sheikh Bilal Awada was introducing them.

The time allotted for the ceremony was limited, so it soon commenced. Verses from the holy Quran was read by one of the students, Sheikh Mohammad Amhaz. Then, the head of Hezbollah’s Sharia council, Sheikh Mohammad Yazbek, welcomed the attendees and thanked His Eminence for sponsoring the graduation for a third year in a row. Sayyed, then, started his address.

As a former student in this hawza, it is special to Sayyed as it reminds him of his early days of jihad in Baalbek. Sayyed started his speech by recalling one of the most important stages in Hezbollah’s rise religiously and as a resistance, the 80s. 

“The hawza has a special place, and whenever Sheikh Mohammad Yazbek asks me to sponsor such ceremonies, I quickly accept because I cannot refuse it,” Sayyed said.

According to Sheikh Mohammad Amhaz, Sayyed’s speech was divided into two parts: the first was recommendations directed at students of Islamic sciences, in which he stressed that “today we need the insight of the religious clerics, especially among students of Islamic sciences, accompanied with piety in particular”.

Sayyed Nasrallah Advising and Graduating: Patience and Piety Come First

Sayyed stressed, “Our goal as religious scholars and students, equally, is to be with all social classes and not one without the other.”

Sayyed recalled his experience when he was a student in the of Najaf Al-Ashraf seminary and his memories with Sheikh Ahmed Al-Sheikh, who was a colleague in Islamic studies and a friend of his. He elaborated extensively on the very difficult living circumstances in Iraq during the days of the Baathist regime, when he was about 18 years old. Students of religious sciences were subject to dangerous circumstances. They faced possible liquidation, being killed or even kidnapped. During that period, the Baathists doubled their targeting of hawza students, and he was one of them. Things reached a dead end. Until he became homeless. So, he had to leave the country and head back to Lebanon. However, several obstacles stood in his way. When he entered Iraq, the officer at the passport control did not stamp his passport. The stamp proves he legally entered the country. But a divine miracle prevented the situation from getting worse. The passport control did not notice the missing stamp, and His Eminence as well as his brothers were able to return to their country safely.

Sayyed Nasrallah Advising and Graduating: Patience and Piety Come First

His Eminence told this touching story for a reason, according to Sheikh Mohammad Amhaz. Sayyed wanted to give us an example of the hardship he faced while he sought Islamic studies. He wanted to encourage us as religious scholars to rely on God in adversity before prosperity, to follow the path of guidance until the end and endure hardships, for there is nothing that can stop our scholastic path, be it security or political circumstances.

The second part of Sayyed speech, which spanned for about two continuous hours, tackled the internal Lebanese affairs, especially in light of what it has been witnessing for more than 50 days. Sayyed emphasized that we might go through difficult economic conditions, but this requires patience, farsightedness and endurance.

“We have always been accustomed to being aided by God during difficult circumstances,” Sayyed added. “We depend on God and on everyone shouldering their responsibilities. Our dependence is on God.”

Sitting with Sayyed is captivating. Nothing could distract us during his presence, Sheikh Amhaz points out. The atmosphere of warmth and love took over the occasion, which was far from military and extreme seriousness. However, Sheikh Amhaz adds, “We tried to make use of our time with His Eminence. The meeting holds a deeper meaning to us. There is no place here for superficial matters.”

The time for putting on the turbans neared. The names of the graduates were put on each turban. The scene was preserved and photographed, but Sayyed made sure to organize the filming process himself. He gave instructions and directions on how to take pictures and from which angle. He looked like a real expert, says Sheikh Amhaz.

Sheikh Amhaz pauses well at that moment, describing it as “impressive and beyond all sanctities, but mixed with uneasiness and fear of the responsibilities the newly turbaned clerics will shoulder.”

Sayyed gave the graduates a lot of advice. But he gave one special recommendation to Sheikh Muhammad Amhaz since he recites and memorizes the Quran. His Eminence advised him to always keep reading the Quran. And he specifically told him, “Your turban to me is conditional on you continuing to read the Quran, especially since some clerics ignore this aspect after wearing the turban … We must persevere and work in this direction, so that the focus is not only on Husseini oratory.”

The students of Islamic studies spent three hours of affability with Sayyed Nasrallah. The time spent overflowed with feelings of devotedness and piety. It was also mixed with the values of worship, obedience to the Lord and devotion to the path of his Messenger. According to everyone present, the sponsor of the occasion seemed firm but modest, fortified but ascetic. The verse {Forceful against the disbelievers, merciful among themselves.} applies to him. 

Following are the names of the graduating students:

Sheikh Hassan Al-Nimr

Sheikh Hussein Al-Nimr

Sheikh Hassan Al-Baba

Sheikh Khalil Yassin

Sheikh Abbas Chalhoub

Sheikh Abbas Sadiq

Sheikh Mohammad Amhaz

Sheikh M0hammad Al-Ahmad

The Rise and Fall of ISIS صعود وسقوط داعش

August 10, 2019

by Ghassan Kadi for The Saker Blog

A year or two ago, I would have never imagined that I would be writing an article with this title, at least not this soon; but things change.

If anything, my previous articles about ISIS which I wrote back between 2014 and 2017 were very alarming and predicted the worst, but again, things change, and back then there were many reasons to feel alarmed.

I have reiterated in that era of the past that the ISIS ideology had deep roots in fundamentalist Islam, and I still have this view. I have professed many times that this fundamentalist doctrine had been in place long before Christopher Columbus set a foot on American soil and that we cannot blame the CIA, Israel, the UK, or the West in general for the creation of this ideology, and I am not retracting. I have also said that those fundamentalist views do not represent real Islam, and there is no change in heart on this aspect either. So what has changed?

In this context, we are talking about the ideological rise and fall of ISIS. We are not talking about the political aspects and the horde of players who helped create, manipulate and employ ISIS for different reasons and agendas. With all of those players however, ISIS needed the support base, and that support base was the Muslim youth who are disenchanted by world events and the manner the world views Islam. Furthermore, they are disgruntled by the governments of the Muslims World and their links to the West: links they consider as treasonous and shameful. It was this mindset that was the recruitment base for ISIS; not the Pentagon.

So for the benefit of clarification, I must herein emphasize that there has always been a perverted version of Islam that founded itself on violence; in total contradiction to the Quranic teachings that clearly forbid coercion and oppression. This version was finally committed to a written doctrine, written by Ibn Taymiyyah; the founding doctrine of the Wahhabi Saudi sect.

When the West “discovered” this doctrine, it tried to employ it to its advantage, and this was how Al-Qaeda and ISIS were created, with Al-Qaeda’s role to hurt the USSR in Afghanistan, and ISIS to topple the legitimate and secular Syrian Government.

The not so funny thing about ISIS was that when the proclamation of creating the Islamist state back in mid-2014, the Caliphate passion became something easy to grow and self-nurture in the hearts and minds of many Sunni Muslims across the globe; including moderate ones.

Harking back at what happened back then; one honestly cannot blame them much. After all, many of the then Iraqi ISIS commanders and fighters were former Saddam-era Iraqi Army personnel. Many of them have even actually walked away from the “dictator” in the hope that the “regime change” was going to be for the better, only to soon realize the state of mess and mayhem that the American invasion created.

Before ISIS “had the chance” to show its ugly face, may moderate Muslims thought that this new force emerging out of Mesopotamia, one that does not recognize the border lines that Western colonialists have drawn between Sham (Syria) and Iraq, one that wants to unite Muslims, is perhaps “the one” to go for and support.

Ironically, most of those Muslims today look back at those days and either forget or wish to forget that at one stage, at some level, deep down in their hearts they supported ISIS, albeit not fully knowing what it stood for.

It was this subtle and covert support for ISIS by some elements of the global Sunni rank-and-file that gave ISIS a fertile ground for luring in recruits and that was the major cause for concern.

If anyone looks for evidence that supports this statement, then he/she need not go further than looking at the recent history of terror attacks in the EU (especially France) and the UK.

After the horrendous Bastille Day attack in Nice in the summer of 2016, a new direction for terror was established, and the perpetrator proved that one does not need a weapon to kill. His weapon was a truck, and he didn’t even need to buy it. He rented it.

After this infamous attack and what followed it, I among many others, predicted more of such events, and they continued for a while, and then suddenly they stopped. Why? This is the question.

For ISIS to be have been able to keep its momentum and growing support base, it needed to gain the hearts and minds of Muslims. But to do so, it needed to score victories and be able to revive Muslim nostalgia. Both are equally important.

In the beginning, it boasted its victories and the biggest of which was the takeover of Mosul; Iraq’s second largest city. This was how the ears of many Muslims worldwide pricked up and poised themselves to hear more. Some jumped on the band wagon straight away, but the majority braced and waited for more evidence that ISIS in general, and Baghdadi in specific, are the right ones to trust and follow.

Image result for isis crimes

What followed the capture of Mosul by ISIS however was nothing short of disgrace for ISIS; one that exposed its true inner ugliness. And instead of being able to capitalize on its initial momentum and promising to achieve more of it by adopting at least some of the virtues of Islam, ISIS turned its inability to achieve further military victories into a blood bath, looting and a sex slave market.

Image result for isis crimes

Before too long, even some of the most ardent Muslim supporters of ISIS turned away from it, and then against it, to the degree that they now even forget or deny that they once supported its baby steps.

What is interesting to note is that the move from secularism to Islam has not changed in the Muslim world. An increasing number of Muslim girls are wearing the Hijab with or without ISIS, but ISIS itself has lost its sway with the general Sunni Muslim populace.

What is interesting to see is that the definition of what is a “real Muslim” is changing, and changing quickly. And whilst the move towards Hijab and all what comes with it is still going full steam ahead, there seems to be a growing trend in the Muslim World towards moderation.

The ISIS fundamentals of black and white doctrine seem to be becoming increasingly tolerant of certain shades of grey. Even some personal Facebook friends and friends of friends who have brandished their photos performing Pilgrimage at Mecca don’t seem to be at dis-ease posting other photos brandishing a Heineken. To someone outside the Muslim Faith this may not sound like a big deal, but in reality, it is.

This all sounds good, but what has happened here really?

ISIS has definitely lost the plot. Fortunately for the world, irrespective of who are/were the people “behind” ISIS, its recruitment base had to come from Muslims; especially the youth. Having lost the ability to draw more recruits and enthusiasts who pledge their actions and lives to Baghdadi without even having to be formal ISIS members, ISIS as an organization and a name is now a spent force, and dare I say a figment of the past.

This however does not mean that the Muslim community has “immunized” itself against potential new ISIS-like organizations and agendas.

The initial rise of ISIS could have well been the result of a nostalgic remnant of a certain belief system that many Muslims did not even want to investigate and study properly to see if it really and truly conforms with the Teachings of Islam and all other religions. The fall of ISIS however heralds a new unprecedented era in the Muslim mind, and this calls for great optimism.

Perhaps for the first time in the history of Islam ever since its inception, Muslims are now beginning to examine some teachings they inherited. Even Saudi Arabia and its infamous Saudi Crown Prince Mohamed Bin Salman (MBS) seem to be sick and tired of the old rules and dogmas that allow this and prohibit that; based on no foundation at all. I have never been a fan of MBS, but having lived in Saudi Arabia for a while, I had always thought that this country would never allow women to drive, never ever. The fact that he changed this is a great step in the right direction. This does not take away from MBS’s genocidal activities in Yemen of course, but on the dogmatic side of things, this is a huge step towards reform. In Saudi Arabia there is also a call to have a second take on the Hadith (the spoken word of Prophet Mohamed) in an attempt to identify certain teachings that promote violence and that are incompatible with Islam. The rationale behind this is that they were never the words of the Prophet to begin with and that they might have been injected into the huge discourse by others with political agendas. Such an initiative was totally unfathomable only up till a few years ago.

Does this mean that we are seeing the end of Muslim fundamentalist-based violence? Hopefully we are, but the real answer to this question is for the whole Muslim community to answer.

The truth is that ISIS may be done and dusted, but the ideology behind lives on.

It is hoped for that the actions of ISIS will be remembered for eternity. It is hoped that Muslims realize that if they truly want to pursue the fundamentalist dreams of conquest and world dominion, then they cannot distance themselves from the legacy of ISIS. It is hoped that they look forward to a new world that is open to all religions and doctrines.

I am a firm believer that God created man in His own image, and part of this image is goodness and love of goodness; and Muslims are part of this creation. After all, Muslims, all Muslims believe in the Hadith that says: “The best people are those who most benefit to other people”. Russia and Syria might have won the military war on ISIS, but it is Muslims who have won the spiritual fight. Muslims: 1, ISIS: 0.

ِArabic Translation 

By UP

صعود وسقوط داعش

غسان كادي

 ، لم أكن أتخيل منذ عام أو عامين أبداً أنني سأكتب مقالًا بهذا العنوان؛

في ذلك الوقت كانت هناك أسباب كثيرة للشعور بالقلق، لكن الأمور تتغير.

في مقالاتي السابقة حول داعش التي كتبت في الفترة ما بين 2014 و 2017 كانت مقلقة للغاية وتوقعت الأسوأ ،  لكن الأمور تغيرت .

في تلك الحقبة الماضية كررت أن أيديولوجية داعش لها جذور عميقة في الإسلام الأصولي ،وقلت أيضًا أن تلك الآراء الأصولية لا تمثل الإسلام الحقيقي ولا يزال لدي هذا الرأي. فالعقيدة الأصولية كانت موجودة قبل فترة طويلة من اكتشاف الأرض الأمريكية وعليه لا يمكننا اتهام وكالة الاستخبارات المركزية أو إسرائيل أو المملكة المتحدة أو الغرب عمومًا بإنشاء هذه الأيديولوجية، وأنا هنا لا أتراجع. إذن ما الذي تغير؟

 في هذا السياق، نتحدث عن الصعود ولسقوط الأيديولوجي لداعش، ولا نتحدث عن الجوانب السياسية واللاعبين الذين ساعدوا في إنشاء وتوظيفها لأسباب وجداول أعمال مختلفة. لأنه مع توفر كل هؤلاء اللاعبين، كانت داعش بحاجه إلى بيئة حاضنة وقاعدة الدعم، وكانت البيئة الحاضنة وقاعدة الدعم هي الشباب المسلم المحبط بالأحداث العالمية والطريقة التي ينظر بها العالم إلى الإسلام والاستياء من حكومات العالم الإسلامي وروابطهم الخائنة والمخزية بالغرب. هذا الاحباط والاستياء مكن البنتاغون من التوظيف السياسي لداعش.

لذلك لا بد أن أشدد هنا على الوجود الدائمً لنسخة منحرفة من الإسلام تأسست على العنف ؛ في تناقض تام مع التعاليم القرآنية التي تمنع بوضوح الإكراه والقمع. نسخة كتبها ابن تيمية ؛ العقيدة المؤسسة للطائفة الوهابية السعودية.

عندما “اكتشف” الغرب هذه العقيدة المنحرفة، حاول أن يوظفها لصالحه ، وهكذا تم إنشاء القاعدة وداعش، القاعدة لإلحاق الأذى بالاتحاد السوفيتي في أفغانستان، وداعش لإسقاط الشرعية والعلمانية الحكومة السورية.

 لا شك ان إعلان داعش عن إنشاء الدولة الإسلامية في منتصف عام 2014 ، أيقظ الحنين والأمل بعودة الخلافة في  قلوب وعقول العديد من المسلمين السنة في جميع أنحاء العالم ؛ بما في ذلك المعتدلين. وبصراحة لا يمكن إلقاء اللوم عليهم كثيرا. بعد كل شيء ، فإن العديد من قادة ومقاتلي داعش العراقيين كانوا في السابق من أفراد الجيش العراقي في عهد صدام. لقد ابتعد كثير منهم عن “الديكتاتور” على أمل أن يتم “تغيير النظام” للأفضل ، لكنهم انضموا لداعش يسبب حالة الفوضى التي أحدثها الغزو الأمريكي.

قبل أن تظهر داعش وجهها القبيح ، ربما اعتقد المسلمون المعتدلون أن هذه القوة الجديدة الخارجة من بلاد ما بين النهرين ، والتي لا تعترف بالحدود التي رسمها المستعمرون الغربيون بين الشام (سوريا) والعراق ، هي القوة التي تستطيع توحيد المسلمين، والتي يجب دعمها .

ومن المفارقات، أن معظم هؤلاء المسلمين عندما ينظرون اليوم إلى الوراء، إما ينسون أو يودون أن ينسوا أنهم في مرحلة ما، في أعماق قلوبهم، أيدوا داعش ، وإن كانوا لا يعرفون تمامًا معنى ذلك.

هذا الدعم الخفي والسري لداعش من قبل بعض التيار السني العالمي هو الذي أعطى داعش أرضية خصبة لجذب المجندين وكان ذلك هو السبب الرئيسي للقلق.

إذا كان أي شخص يبحث عن أدلة تدعم هذه المقولة، فلن يحتاج الا إلى أبعد النظر في الهجمات الإرهابية في الاتحاد الأوروبي (وخاصة فرنسا) والمملكة المتحدة.

في الهجوم المروع الذي وقع يوم الباستيل في نيس في صيف عام 2016 ، أثبت مرتكب الجريمة أنه لا يحتاج إلى سلاح ليقتل. كان سلاحه شاحنة ، ولم يكن بحاجة لشرائها. فقد استأجرها.

وبعد هذا الهجوم المشين وما تلاه ، توقعت من بين أشياء كثيرة أخرى حدوث المزيد من هذه الأحداث ، التي استمرت لفترة، ثم توقفت فجأة.

لماذا ا؟ هذا هو السؤال.

لتتمكن داعش من الحفاظ على دعم بيئتها الحاضنة المتنامية ، كانت تحتاج إلى كسب قلوب وعقول المسلمين. وللقيام بذلك ، كان من الضروري تسجيل الانتصارات لإحياء حنين المسلمين للخلافة.

في البداية ، تفاخرت داعش بانتصاراتها وكان أكبرها الاستيلاء على الموصل. ثاني أكبر مدن العراق. وهكذا أصبحت آذان العديد من المسلمين في جميع أنحاء العالم تستعد وتهيئ نفسها لسماع المزيد. قفز البعض على عربة داعش مباشرة ، لكن الغالبية استعدت وانتظرت للحصول على مزيد من الأدلة على أن داعش بشكل عام ، والبغدادي على وجه الخصوص ، هما الشخصان المناسبان للثقة والمتابعة.

لكن ما أعقب استيلاء داعش على الموصل لم يكن أقل من وصمة عار كشفت عن قبحها الداخلي الحقيقي. وبدلاً من أن تتمكن داعش من الاستفادة من زخم انتصارها الأول ووعدها بتحقيق المزيد من ذلك من خلال ابراز من فضائل الإسلام على الأقل ، حوّلت داعش عجزها عن تحقيق المزيد من الانتصارات العسكرية إلى حمام دم ونهب وسوق للاسعباد الجنسي.

قبل مضي وقت طويل ، حتى ابتعد بعض أكثر المؤيدين الإسلاميين المتحمسين لداعش عنها ، ثم تحولوا  ضدها ، لدرجة أنهم الآن نسوا أو أنكروا أنهم أيدوا ذات مرة خطواتها الاولى .

 ما يثير الاهتمام هو ان فقدان داعش سيطرتها على عامة المسلمين السنة لم ينعكس على عملية الانتقال من  العلمانية إلى الإسلام لم يتغير في العالم الإسلامي. فعدد يرتدي عدد الفتيات المسلمات المحجبات يزداد

وما يثير الاهتمام هو أن تعريف “المسلم الحقيقي” يتغير ويتغير بسرعة. وبينما لا يزال ارتداء الحجاب وكل ما يأتي معه في تزايد ، يبدو أن هناك اتجاهًا متزايدًا في العالم الإسلامي نحو الاعتدال.

يبدو أن أساسيات مذهب داعش الأسود والأبيض أصبحت أكثر تسامحًا مع بعض ظلال الرمادي. حتى بعض الأصدقاء الشخصيين على وأصدقاء الأصدقاء قاموا بتلوين صورهم وهم يؤدون رحلة الحج في مكة المكرمة ،و لا يبدو أنهم لا يرغبون في نشر صور أخرى تحمل علامة هاينكن. بالنسبة لشخص من خارج الديانة الإسلامية ، قد لا يبدو هذا أمرًا كبيرًا ، لكنه في الواقع كذلك.

كل هذا يبدو جيدا ، ولكن ما حدث هنا حقا؟

بالتأكيد فقد فشلت مؤامرة داعش لحسن الحظ بالنسبة للعالم ، وبغض النظر عمن يكون / كان “وراء” تنظيم “داعش” ، كان المسلمين خاصة الشباب قاعدة التجنيد؛ فقدت داعش القدرة على جذب المزيد من المجندين والمتحمسين الذين نذروا أفعالهم وحياتهم للبغدادي دون الحاجة حتى إلى أن يكونوا أعضاء رسميين ، وأصبحت  داعش كمنظمة واسم الآن قوة مستهلكة ، وأتجرأ على القول، صورة من الماضي

لكن هذا لا يعني أن المجتمع المسلم “قام بتحصين” نفسه ضد المنظمات وجداول الأعمال المحتملة الجديدة المشابهة لداعش.

كان من الممكن أن يكون الصعود الأول لداعش هو  بقايا حنين لنظام معتقد معين لم يرغب الكثير من المسلمين حتى في دراسته بشكل صحيح لمعرفة ما إذا كان يتوافق حقًا مع تعاليم الإسلام وجميع الأديان الأخرى. لكن سقوط داعش يبشر بعهد جديد لم يسبق له مثيل في العقل الإسلامي ، وهذا يستدعي تفاؤلًا كبيرًا.

ربما لأول مرة في تاريخ الإسلام منذ نشأته ، بدأ المسلمون الآن في دراسة بعض التعاليم التي ورثوها. حتى في المملكة العربية السعودية وولي العهد السعودي الأمير محمد بن سلمان  يبدو أنهما سئموا من القواعد والعقائد القديمة التي تسمح بهذا وتحظر ذلك ؛ بدون أي أساس على الإطلاق.

لم أكن من عشاق محمد بن سلمان، ولكني كنت أعيش في المملكة العربية السعودية لفترة من الوقت ، وكنت أظن دائمًا أن هذا البلد لن يسمح أبدًا للنساء بقيادة السيارات، لكن هذا حدث وهو خطوة كبيرة في الاتجاه الصحيح و خطوة كبيرة نحو الإصلاح يجب ان لا تنسينا الإبادة الجماعية التي تقوم بها السعودية في اليمن بالطبع.

في المملكة العربية السعودية ، هناك أيضًا دعوة لإعادة النظر في الحديث (الكلمة المنطوقة للنبي محمد) في محاولة لتحديد التعاليم المنسوبة للنبي التي تروج للعنف والتي تتعارض مع االقرآن واعتبارها احاديث منحولة تم حقنها من قبل الآخرين لتبرير اجندات سياسية. مثل هذه المبادرة لم تكن ممكنة على الإطلاق قبل بضع سنوات.

هل هذا يعني أننا نشهد نهاية للعنف الإسلامي القائم على الأصولية؟ نأمل أن نكون ، لكن الإجابة الحقيقية على هذا السؤال هي برسم المجتمع المسلم بأسره.

والحقيقة هي أن داعش يقد هزمت ولكن الأيديولوجية الكامنة ورائها ما زالت مستمرة.

من المأمول أن يتذكر  المسلمون أفعال داعش إلى الأبد وأن يلفظوا إرث تنظيم الدولة الإسلامية وأحلامها الأصولية المتمثلة في الفتح والسيطرة على العالم ، من المأمول أن يتطلعوا إلى عالم جديد مفتوح لجميع الأديان والمذاهب.

أنا من أشد المؤمنين أن الله خلق الإنسان على صورته ، وجزء من هذه الصورة هو الخير ومحبة الخير ؛ والمسلمون جزء من هذا الخلق. بعد كل شيء ، المسلمون ، جميع المسلمين يؤمنون بالحديث الذي يقول:  “خير ا النَّاس انفعهم ” للنَّاس

ربما تكون روسيا وسوريا قد ربحت الحرب العسكرية على داعش ، ولكن المسلمين هم الذين فازوا في المعركة الروحية. المسلمون: 1 ، داعش: 0.

كيف تقتل سورية مشروع التقسيم .. أمام عيني أمه أميريكا؟؟

كيف تقتل سورية مشروع التقسيم .. أمام عيني أمه أميريكا؟؟

بقلم نارام سرجون

لاتستهويني في الحياة الا أسرار الأسرار التي تشبه الصور الضوئية التي ان خرجت للضوء قبل معالجتها في الغرف المظلمة احترقت .. ومن طبيعة الأسرار أنها تشبه الأجنة في الارحام .. نتابعها تنمو وتكبر ولكننا لانصل اليها ولانراها و ننتظر خروجها لنتأمل ملامحها .. وان خرجت في غير مواعيدها ماتت ..

لكن هذه حرب لاتشبه غيرها من الحروب لأنها حرب ليست فيها أسرار .. فالعدو واضح جدا .. والنوايا واضحة جدا .. وما ينشر من وثائق ويقال في الخطب يفوق في خطورته مايكتب عليه أنه سري للغاية .. ظاهرها هو أكذب مافيها وباطنها هو أصدق مافيها .. وطاهرها أقذر مافيها .. فليست الحرية ولاقضية الانسان هي هدف أي من القادمين بالثورة .. بل كل مافيها حرب متعلقة بخطوط الطاقة وخطوط النفوذ ومنصات السيطرة على مفاتيح القرن الحالي وقضم الجغرافيا والتهام خطوطها .. وتقسيم الدماء والأديان والأوطان الى شظايا ..

ولكن هل نستطيع أن نقول بثقة الآن بأن المشروع الأميريكي لخلق الشرق الأوسط الجديد قد تعرض لهزيمة كبيرة .. أو هل صار مشروع التقسيم غير قابل للحياة؟؟ اذا فشل مشروع الشرق الأوسط الجديد فان هذا يعني أن التقسيم هو الذي قصم ظهره .. لأنه لشرق أوسط جديد من دون دويلات جديدة وتقسيم للجغرافيا ..

المعطيات كلها تقول بان الشرق الأوسط الجديد لن يولد وأن هذا الجنين الذي زرعته أميريكا في بطن الثورة السورية لتحمله كالأم وتغذيه من مشيمتها يموت في بطن أمه .. وتموت معه خطوط التقسيم التي بشرتنا بها كل الخطب والمعاهد والسياسيين ..

علينا أن ندرك داعش هو قلب الثورة وعصبها الذي تراهن على ثباته مهما قيل انها تتناقض معه لأن المعارضة السورية وبعد الأخذ بنصيحة روبرت فورد اقتنعت بأن تلجأ الى قهر الدولة السورية بمخالب داعش .. فورد في لقاءاته مع المعارضين السوريين كان يقول بان النظام شرس للغاية ولايمكن قهره الا بخلق قوة اكثر شراسة منه وتتفوق عليه في قوة الرعب .. ولذلك فان داعش السورية هي نسخة أنتجتها المعارضة السورية مع المخابرات الغربية والتركية والسعودية وهي مأخوذة من النموذج العراقي أو لنقل بأن المعارضة السورية وحلفاءها استدعت داعش من العراق أو فتحت لها الأبواب سرا (بنصيحة غالية من روبرت فورد) للانضمام الى جهود الثورة السورية العسكرية .. والمعارضة تعلم ان خبرات داعش عالية جدا وفيها خيرة النخب العسكرية للعهد السابق في العراق والتي أعيدت ادلجتها مذهبيا بعد الصدمة النفسية لسقوط بغداد الذي عزي للمؤامرة التي تورطت فيها المعارضة “الشيعية” .. فكانت داعش مبرمجة بعد ذلك لاستهداف النقيض المذهبي لها .. وقبلت المعارضة السورية العرض بتدخل داعش العراقية في الحرب السورية وفق منظورها المذهبي وأنتجت منها معادلة التلاقي بأن المعارضة السورية سنية وسترد بالمثل على جريمة المعارضة العراقية الشيعية .. وكان لابد ان تلتقي المعارضة السورية التي أخذت دور المعارضة العراقية في شقها الشيعي تماما في التحالف مغ الغرب واستنساخ عملية اسقاط البعث السوري كونه يمثل -برأيها – نقطة الثأر الكبرى الجاذبة للجمهور السني الحانق لأنه يشكل نقيضا مذهبيا للمعارضة السورية تماما كما فعلت المعارضة العراقية في استدعاء المزاج المذهبي الشيعي ضد البعث العراقي الذي مثله الرئيس صدام حسين ومجموعته ..

لذلك فان قوة التقسيم والتمزيق للخريطة السورية كانت تتركز في داعش لأن صناع الثورة كانوا يراهنون على قوة داعش في دعم مشروع التقسيم لأن مشروع التقسيم الكبير هو ما كلفت به داعش باطلاقه بعد فشل اطلاقه من وسط سورية بحرب طائفية في حمص (بابا عمرو) .. ومنحت كل التسهيلات لها عبر فتح أسواق النفط والتجارة عبر تركيا واسرائيل .. وكان من الواضح أن هناك تنسيقا ميدانيا عاليا بين داعش والنصرة وأن هناك تقاسما وتناوبا على الجبهات بينهما مهما قيل عن حالة صراع مزعوم .. فقد اقتطع كل تنظيم جغرافيته وشعبه وموارده ونقاط حدوده ونوافذه وبدا في عملية الانعزال عن الآخر والاستقلال والدفاع عن مكاسبه ضد الآخر وتكفيره دون محاولة تدمير الخصم .. وكان هذا مايلفت النظر في أن التنظيمين فيهما كل مايجمع ويتوافقان في الرايات والأهداف والمنطق والطريقة ولكن مع هذا كانا ينفصلان جغرافيا وسياسيا في حين كان كل واحد منهما يقوم بتسهيل عمل الآخر عسكريا .. فكلما تقدم الجيش السوري على حساب النصرة تحركت داعش وضربت الجيش في وسط ظهره وبالعكس .. فبعد تحرير حلب تحركت داعش نحو تدمر وهددت حمص لأنه كان هناك اعتقاد أن الجيش سيتوجه الى ادلب حيث النصرة تخشى الهزيمة .. وكلما توجه تركيز الجيش نحو داعش تحركت النصرة للتخفيف عن داعش كما حصل عندما تحركت النصرة في حماة وجوبر وحركت الجبهات عندما ظهرت نية للجيش لمسابقة الاميريكيين نحو المنطقة الشرقية وتدمير خطوط داعش ..

ان داعش في الحقيقة هي قلب “الثورة السورية” ونجاح الثورة العسكري يعتمد على قوة داعش التي أظهرت بأسها في المنطقة الشرقية وعصفت بنقاط الجيش القوية .. وجميعنا نذكر جون كيري عندما قال بأن الاميريكيين يراقبون داعش وهي تتمدد نحو تهديد العاصمة دمشق لاجبار الأسد على التفاوض معنا .. وكان واضحا أن الغاية من خلق داعش على خط الفرات كان لمنحها حيزا جغرافيا واسعا في الصحراء بحيث تتولى المنطقة الشرقية الفاصلة بين سورية والعراق .. لكن لم يكن من المتوقع ان تتمكن داعش من السيطرة على اكثر من ذلك الفراغ الصحراوي لأن داعش لايقوى على التمدد كثيرا لاعتبارات متعلقة بامكاناته فهو لايملك الفائض العددي للانتشار الا في مدن الصحراء حيث الكثافة السكانية محدودة .. وهو لايملك الفائض العددي للتمدد نحو الداخل السوري الكثيف سكانيا حيث ستتولى النصرة هذا الأمر .. كما أن عملية الفصل الجغرافي والانفصال ضد رغبات السكان لاتقدر عليها الا منظمة فائقة الجريمة غنية بالعناصر الأجنبية التي لاتنتمي الى المجتمع المحلي وقوامها مهاجرون من أصقاع الأرض بحيث أنها تمارس الرعب والترهيب دون موانع قانونية لردع اي تمرد أو قوة رفض .. وبحيث يكون قرار التقسيم قائما بقوة الأمر الواقع ولاتدفعه قرارات دولية فتتجنب الدول الراعية لمشروع التقسيم الاحراج أو اللوم أو الاتهام المباشر بأنها ترعى التقسيم .. الذي يبدو انفصالا طبيعيا بقوة العنف الذي يفرض نفسه حتى وان بقيت داعش لسنوات طويلة منطقة خارج الشرعية الدولية وتعيش وكانها (مثلث برمودا) أو كيان شاذ عن النظام الدولي لايقبل الترويض ولايكبح جماحه ..

أما جبهة النصرة فانها تكمل مالاتقدر عليه داعش حيث تتولى عملية مشاغلة الجيش السوري ومنعه من الحشد ضد داعش .. وهي تنظيم مشابه لداعش لكن العنصر السوري فيه أكثر وضوحا وهو متغلغل في الريف السوري مما يسمح له بالاستناد الى حاضنة معقولة .. وهذا التنظيم كان يتم تحضيره كي يتحول الى كيان سياسي يمكن التفاوض معه بحيث يتم الاعتراف به دوليا ليحكم الجزء الغربي من سورية بعد تدمير الدولة السورية ولايخوض اي حرب تحرير مع داعش شرقا وبذلك يتم التقسيم شرقا وغربا ..بكيانين اسلاميين يتقاسمان النفوذ ويتبع كل منهما مرجعيته الخاصة وشرعيته .. وهذا ماسيؤدي بالساحل الى النضوج للانفصال والتفكك أوتوماتيكيا وقد يتبعه جبل العرب كنتيجة اجبارية .. وبذلك يكون التقسيم قد أنجز بفضل داعش والنصرة ..

وفي هذا المشروع لن يكون للأكراد حصة كبيرة في التقسيم وذلك لأن تركيا هي من يشرف على قوة الكيانين الاسلاميين اللذين يمحقان اي قوة كردية تفكر بالانفصال والابتعاد بكيان مستقل شمال سورية ..

وقد تمكنت الديبلوماسية الروسية والسورية من تفعيل الورقة الكردية ضد تركيا باعلان دستور قيل بأن روسيا اقترحته وفيه لم تتم الاشارة الى عروبة الجمهورية السورية وهو يعني عرضا شهيا للأكراد لايضاهيه اي عرض قدم لهم من قبل الأميريكيين الذين لم يقدروا على القول علنا بأنهم سيلجمون الأتراك ويمنعهونهم عن سحق الاحلام الكردية حيث أن من سيتصدر لهذا الدستور هو تركيا قبل أي طرف .. وطبعا تحاول اميريكا بالمقابل الاحتفاظ بالأكراد عبر التلويح بدعمهم وتسليحهم ضد رغبة تركيا ..

كانت عملية تحرير حلب هي أول ضربة قاصمة لمشروع التقسيم لأن النصرة هزمت في حلب وظهر أنها تعرضت لضربة موجعة جدا حيث خسرت خيرة مقاتليها ومعاقلها وبدت أنها تترنح فهي لم تعد منذ تحرير حلب قادرة على القيام سوى بعمليات محدودة وهذا كان واضحا بعد عمليتي حماة وجوبر .. اللتين فشلتا .. والملاحظ أن هذا الضعف انعكس على اداء داعش العسكري أيضا التي تأثرت بشكل ملحوظ بهزيمة النصرة كثيرا في تفاعل غريب متبادل بين التنظيمين اللذين يبدوان مرتبطين بنفس حبل السرة .. ولذلك فان النصرة ستتأثر أكثر اذا ماهزمت داعش وفق نفس الملاحظة والمنظور ..

وهنا ظهرت المناروة الذكية الثانية فهي اقتراح تخفيف التصعيد في مناطق متفرقة وفيها تواجد للنصرة وهي ضربة أخرى قوية لمشروع التقسيم الذي أوكل الى داعش والنصرة .. واختيرت مناطق تخفيف التصعيد بعناية لعزل النصرة وبحيث أنه لايمكن قيام كيانات في هذه المناطق .. بل ان ادلب التي هي الأقرب الى تركيا لن تقدر تركيا على اقتراح انفصالها او الحاقها بها لأن ذلك سيعني أنها يجب أن تعترف بالمقابل بكيان كردي على غرار الكيان الادلبي .. فاذا قامت بسلخ ادلب مثلا فان انسلاخ الشمال الكردي سيكون النتيجة التالية لأنها قدمت المبرر القانوني والشرعي والميداني لذلك ولاتستطيع القول بأنها ترفض كيانا كرديا اذا قبلت بكيان مستقل مشوه في ادلب .. وسيكون القلق الكردي في أقصى مستوياته وهو يرى نفسه محاصرا بين كيان ادلب وكيان اسلامي على نهر الفرات .. وعندها لن تقف روسيا وسورية حائلا أمام انفعال الحركة الكردية التي ستصاب بالرعب من هذا الفخ وسيطلق لها العنان ضد تركيا .. وهذا هو هاجس تركيا .. وقد سمع الاتراك رسائل روسية صريحة بهذا الخصوص قيلت على شكل نصائح ودية بأن اي محاولة لسلخ ادلب او عزلها ككيان غالبا ما سيتلوه حرب كردية تركية حتى الموت تصل الى أحشاء تركيا لن تقدر روسيا على كبح جماحها ولن تقدر على مساعدة تركيا لتجنبها خاصة اذا ما غذتها الحكومة السورية من منطق انها تريد مساعدة شعبها في المنطقة الكردية ليدافع عن نفسه ..

واذا ما تحرك الجيش واسترد المنطقة الشرقية مع الحشد الشعبي العراقي فان شيئين سيتحطمان هما: الثورة السورية ومشروع التقسيم .. فمن غير داعش في الشرق لا تقسيم .. ومن غير داعش في الشرق فان القوى العسكرية المتبقية للارهاب ليست ذات شأن بدليل أن اقصى ماتقدر عليه النصرة قدمته في معركة حلب ولكنها هزمت وسحقت في تلك المعركة الكبيرة .. ومن لايصمد في حلب التي حشد العالم فيها لمنع سقوطها فانه لن يصمد في ادلب الا اسبوعين او ثلاثة .. فالقوة الحقيقية الآن في الرقة والمنطقة الشرقية ..

وتم اقتراح المناطق خفيفة التصعيد لتشكل بؤرة لتبريد الحرب وهي ستظهر وكانها استجابة لاقتراح ترامب في ايجاد مناطق باردة يعود اليها اللاجئون .. فيما يتم تحريك قوات ضخمة في نفس الوقت نحو المنطقة الشرقية لأن استطلاع الحلفاء كان يراقب منذ فترة التحركات في الجنوب وعلى الأراضي الاردنية والتي فهم منها انه للتوغل في جنوب سورية ووصل خط الفرات بجنوب سورية بحيث تلتقي القوات الاميركية في المنطقة الشرقية مع القوات الامريكية ومرتزقتها في الجنوب السوري على شكل قوس يكمل عزل شرق سورية عن غربها بشكل كتيم ..على الرغم أن الغاية الرئيسية منها هي فقط منع القوات السورية من التحشيد نحو المنطقة الشرقية وابقائها في الجنوب مستعدة لاحتمال التحرك الغربي نحو المنطقة الجنوبية .. وبذلك تكون هذه القوات مغناطيسا يمسك بحديد وفولاذ الجيش السوري ويمنعه من تهديد داعش .. لأن داعش هي قلب التقسيم .. وقلب الثورة السورية التي ستسقط بسقوط داعش المخلب الأسود للثورة السورية ..

الاميريكيون يحسون أنهم يجب أن يفصلوا الشرق باي ثمن ولكن محور المقاومة تابع سيره نحو المنطقة الشرقية وفي نفس الوقت أظهر اعلاميا رصده الدقيق لصور الحشود الغربية والمرتزقة في الجنوب كي يقول بصراحة أنه يقظ وان الحشود مرصودة وان ضربها سهل للغاية وان تورطها قد يكلفها غاليا ..

مما سبق نجد أن الديبلوماسية السورية ليست ساذجة وهي تتعامل مع خريطة معقدة جدا ببراعة تحسب لها وأن العقل السياسي السوري متقد ويتفاعل مع كل التحركات بهدوء وطمأنينة .. وهذا من اسباب ثقتنا به وعدم انجرافنا وراء العواطف والانفعالات تجاه كل ما يقال وما تروجه الدعاية .. والسبب هو اننا نتعامل مع حرب واضحة لا أسرار فيها ولاحجب .. بل كل شيء على الطاولة ..وكل الأطراف وضعت أقنعتها جانبا فلم يعد هناك حاجة لارتداء الأقنعة في حفلات لا يتنكر فيها أحد .. الا الأغبياء الذين يمثلون علينا دور الثوار والمعارضين السوريين .. ونحن نرمقهم ونراقبهم ونرى الألوان والأصبغة تذوب عن وجوههم واشعارهم وشعاراتهم ..

Who Owns SMART News Agency That Broadcasted Khan Sheikhoun Images?

Nidal Hmede

Turkey has once again started producing one of its episodes in its long series on the Syrian war. This time it used the chemical weapon, which almost led to a US military attack on Syria in 2013 following a purported attack in Damascus’ Ghouta neighborhood. The attack occurred during the beginning of the second term of Barack Obama’s presidency. Now, with the start of Donald Trump’s era, the attempt has returned using chemical weapons against a Syrian city to prompt the US to launch a direct military attack against the Syrian state.

 

Who Owns SMART News Agency That Broadcasted Khan Sheikhoun Images?


This time, the plan partially succeeded. But the Russian military presence formed a barrier preventing Washington from opening a large front against Syria. This as well as the fact that US military decision makers were convinced of Washington’s inability to fight a major war in the world after its financial and moral loss in Iraq. Also US military leaders are more cautious in going to war than the US intelligence agency (CIA), which works according to plots where it can to maintain its role and presence. Therefore, this apparatus was and still is the closest to the current Turkish rulers, coordinating their support for Takfiri factions in Syria, which have been fighting in all fields since 2011.

In Khan Sheikhoun, the images that were broadcast to most television channels around the world depicting the victims of the chemical bombardment were broadcast from the site of the attack through the SMART News Agency, which is owned by the Syrian opposition figure Shamsi Sarkis. The company is based in Gaziantep in Turkey.

Sarkis, who lived in France all his life until the outbreak of the Syrian war, is the son of another Syrian opposition figure Sarkis Sarkis, whose name was associated with the oil-for-food program organized by the US intelligence and the regime of Saddam Hussein in cooperation with Kofi Annan in the nineties.

Through this theft and fraud operation, Sarkis Sarkis gathered a huge fortune estimated in the tens of millions of dollars at the expense of the Iraqi people’s blood and poverty. He went from being chased, poor and destitute in French cities, to owning hotels across France and apartments in the most prestigious Parisian neighborhoods, thanks to the oil-for-food program.

Sarkis, a member of the Iraqi Baath Party that included Syrian opposition groups, did not stop from attacking the regime in Syria even though senior officials of the Iraqi Baath Party turned to Syria during the US occupation. During the period of Chirac’s rule and the issuance of Resolution 1559, Sarkis Sarkis worked on inciting a military attack on Syria. He also had close ties to the former Syrian opposition figure Akram Al-Hourani and he bankrolled the printing of Hourani’s memoirs.


Akram Al-Hourani is the father of opposition figure Fida Hourani, who hosted the US and French ambassadors Robert Ford and Eric Shuvalih in the city of Hama on Friday, July 9, 2011.

Fida Hourani was the president of the Damascus Declaration for Democratic Change, which was established in 2005 and whose members were Syrian dissidents who took the lead in requesting American military intervention in Syria, including Riad Seif, Haytham al-Maleh, Michel Kilo and Anas al-Abdah. The Syrian Muslim Brotherhood also had a major role in the declaration.

These are the same faces you see since George W. Bush announced America’s decision to reshape the Middle East according to its interests. The same people, but with different banners and new names; fictitious companies fabricated for a while, which disappear so that this same person creates a second, third, and countless companies.

Do you remember the American project to support the media against the axis of resistance in the Arab world? The oil-for-food program in Iraq was one of its means of securing funds.Al-Ahed News

11-04-2017 | 11:15

SAUDI ARABIA: REIGN OF TERRORISM IN THE KINGDOM OF SLEAZE; LATAKIA: ARMY AND AF SLASH LIFELINES TO TERRORIST ERDOGHAN

(Image courtesy of Middle East Monitor and caricaturist Latuff)

Yesterday, I discussed Saudi Arabia’s almost guaranteed role in the downing of the Russian Metrojet airliner which departed Sharm Al-Shaykh, Egypt, carrying over 200 passengers and crew returning to St. Petersburg in Russia.  This is hardly the beginning of the intimate relationship this barbaric Stone Age kingdom of apes and cockroaches has with international terrorism.  The roots of the love affair with mass murder actually goes back decades to the Saudi flair for building mosques around the world and plying their Wahhabist clerics with enough money to insure obedience whenever the circumstances require.

Forget for a moment the deep Saudi involvement with the September 11 attack on the World Trade Center.  Forget the fact that the Saudis and Qataris have a vital stake in blocking the natural gas pipeline from Iran, across Iraq, to Syria for export to Europe which will put to death the banana plantation of Qatar.  Forget that Saudi Arabia is the most oppressive regime on earth with laws reminiscent of those promulgated by Hammurabi, Assur-Nasir-Pal or Neanderthal Man.  Forget that women cannon drive cars in their monarchy of squat; that you can’t have a cold beer on a hot day; that you can’t go to the cinema even though you can watch the same thing on satellite television; that a woman cannot travel without permission from her simian husband or some even more apelike male close relative; that you have to believe in their fake god or else; that you cannot build a church on their stinking sand dunes; that they crucify people they behead.  Forget all these things, but, remember this:

That they have swindled their own people out of trillions of petrodollars by siphoning off profits from oil and concluding illusory contracts for arms and technology most of which resulted in absolutely nothing but the purchase of England.  If the Saudis and Qataris were to withdraw their money from banks on the Isle of Man, the entire sceptered island with all its pretensions would sink like a stone merd in a cesspool of memories.  If you want to know why Cameron is the slave of these monkeys and why he is so bloody terrified of doing anything to offend them, “cherchez l’argent”.  The banks on the Isle of Man know fully well how the Saudi regime is financing terror.  The English government deliberately ignores all reporting statutes to permit the Saudis to prosecute their war crimes against the people of Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Yemen, Egypt, and, now, Russia.  Nobody fears this disclosure more than David Cameron whose own crimes against humanity are now fully ripe and parallel to those of his predecessor, Tony Blair.  If you want to know why he is so vehement in his opposition to Jeremy Corbyn’s potential rise to power in the U.K., it’s because Corbyn will put an end to this charade and rid England, once and for all, of the Arabian troglodytes who infest the English corridors of power.  And, it’s not only England, as so many Americans now know.

We have said this before: it all started out in 2007 as revealed by Wikileaks.  The plan to destabilize Syria and overthrow its legitimate sitting government was hatched back then by a committee of criminals made up of Saudis, Englishmen, Americans, Jordanians, Germans and French.  Turks did not participate because at that time, Erdoghan enjoyed excellent relations with everybody on the block.  Right?……..Right.   The “mindermast” for the project was none other than the CIA-spook and crypto-diplomat, Robert Ford. (“Mindermast” is a mastermind invented by the great British comedy team of Beyond the Fringe in one of their legendary skits. Using the word “mastermind, you see, demoralized those trying to capture him.)  He was aided and abetted by his French counterpart in Damascus, Eric Chevalier (no relation to Maurice).  Together they assembled the teams which would coordinate the war crimes against the people of Syria.  This was the democratic and civilized West at its best and most predictable.

The project required the right moment.  Syria’s vaunted internal security system was frightfully adept at keeping rats out and the Ford team knew that a mere blip on the radar inside Syria would be tantamount to rushing at a nest of wasps.  They had to have the right time.

They also needed the right president.  Hafez Al-Assad, Dr. Assad’s father and predecessor,  fought an ugly 4 year war with a kaleidoscope of terrorists, referred to conveniently as the Muslim Brotherhood, and finally annihilated them at Hama where your editor, Ziad, was situated in February of 1982 to watch the events unfold.   Dr. Assad was analyzed by the CIA’s Psychiatric Profile Office as a modest person with an aversion to excessive force.  He was also, to some degree, westernized with an obsession for the internet and science.  In other words, he would be a soft touch.  But, you still needed the right moment in order to vex the entrenched security supremos who would more than make up for the president’s sheepish personality.

You also had to have, as part of this plan, a member state capable of financing the revolt.  That was a no-brainer.  Both Qatar and Saudi Arabia had, at that time, reams of cash deposited in British banks.  All it took was a look askance and the process would move very smoothly.

Time?  Which time?  When would the project start?  Enter the Arab Spring.  President Assad was interviewed about this phenomenon and he brushed aside suggestions that events in Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen and Libya could spread to Syria.  He felt that the economy, which was at a 6% annual growth rate, with hundreds of millions of dollars being deployed for massive tourist development, thanks to the Arabian plutocrats, with excellent cooperation from Turkey, would dispel any fear of such a metastatic process in his country.  It just couldn’t happen.  The people were too happy.

To make this section a bit shorter and more to the point:  the project depended upon two events:  The first was an on-going demonstration of popular discontent.  That was started in Der’ah and spread to cities like Homs and Idlib.  Surprisingly, it did not catch on in Hama, a city which already pocketed the wages of insurrection in 1982.  The second was predicted to be “mass defections from the army and security services”.  The Americans, especially, studied the downfall of Romanian dictator, Caucescu, whose reliance on the security services was misplaced once the army took the side of the people.  It was imperative that the army also join the Syrian insurrectionists – who would be mostly discontented Sunnis with some minorities backing them.  BUT, THE PROJECT WAS A FLOP.

The Army did not lose many soldiers or officers to defections.  With the exception of some bigoted dead-career failures like ‘Abdul-Jabbaar Al-‘Uqaydi and Riyaadh Al-As’ad, the army remained very cohesive and loyal to the state.  What to do now that the force which was arrayed against the government simply did not have the oomph to assault the capital or even occupy a neighborhood?  You needed to get “support”.  The word “nusra” means exactly that.  You had to get support for the nascent insurrection against the massive Ba’ath infrastructure in Syria.  Without hundreds of thousands of mercenaries to give support,  the poorly trained, underpopulated and incompetent gangs of terrorists would be facing the full weight of the 300,000 man standing army of Syria, its hundreds of thousands of Ba’ath Party stalwarts and the pervasive, ubiquitous, all-seeing internal security services.  But, how can you get the “supporting” savages?

The Saudis stepped up to the plate as the only member of this cabal of mass murderers.  They had deep contacts with the terrorists of Iraq – even deeper with many disgruntled former Sunni officers in Saddam’s army, Alqaeda in Iraq, and its leaders.  They also had the tens of thousands of mosques they had financed all over the world.  The mosques they funded were inevitably led by militant Wahhabist money-grubbing hypocrites who would not hesitate to spread the call of “Jihad” in Syria.  And that’s exactly what they did.  Imagine how effective they were in snookering thousands of their “pious” degenerates from mosques in England, Germany, France, Belgium and Spain.  And now imagine how critical it was to maintain the financial health of these mosques in Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Iraq and all the peninsular countries who would form the backbone of the “support” forces which would engulf Syria and its people in a cauldron of fire that would continue until the ouster of its sitting secular president, Dr. Bashar Al-Assad.  BUT,  IT DIDN’T WORK.

All the money spent on buying reporters like Charley Rose, CNN, ABC, NBC, the NYT, WSJ, and the list goes on ad nauseam….all this and the attempt to shake down Vladimir Putin….the drop in oil prices which boomeranged right in their hideous Wahhabist faces…all that and more, with chicanery reaching levels of obnoxiousness worthy of Zionism…..open dealings with Mileikowski……millions upon millions spent on Turkish cooperation and salaries for downtrodden Third World grunts dreaming of the Paradise which, if they were truly lucky, would be death and respite from the unctuous hypocrisy of the stinking Wahhabist regime which daily robs its own people of any self-respect or dignity.

Biden admitted it. Saudi Arabia funds terrorism. But, Saudi Arabia is your ally, Mr. Biden.  Turkey aids and abets terrorists.  Turkey is a member of NATO.  France has a war criminal in office by the name of Hollande – his popularity level now below 12% – and he calls our president illegitimate.  He hungers so much for Saudi lucre, you can smell his froggy sweat all the way across the lake.  He has sold out to the devil.

Today, Saudi students don’t have the money to study overseas because the House of Saud has stolen every penny.  They stole money and sent it to terrorists.  They preferred the interests of terrorists over those of their own people.  They are illegitimate.  They have no future in any Arabian government.  They have no future in Arabia.

____________________________________________________________

LATAKIA:  With all the noise now about the impending SAA attack on the terrorist lines in Kuwayris, you would think there is no other news.  Not so.  We are seeing a sea-change in the balance of forces on the Turkish border in Latakia.

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Ghumaam:  The SAA has now successfully dismantled all booby traps and IEDs in this area.  The entire Ghumaan area is rat free.  This means, you will not see any more missiles being fired at the provincial capital.  It was here, from Ghumaan where the Turk-supported murdering rodents fired Saudi-supplied rockets at our people in Latakia.  All the mountaintops here are cleansed.  A command-control center for all terrorist groupings was found yesterday and it contained a treasure-trove of CDs and other very incriminating evidence which will be used to prosecute the war criminals of Turkey and Saudi Arabia.

Jabal Al-Firk:  All hills surrounding the area now liberated by the SAA.

Jubb Al-Za’roor:  The SAA killed 22 rodents here an took over 15 prisoners.  3 field hospitals were discovered filled with Turk-manufactured pharmaceuticals and Saudi-supplied cocaine.  The Captagon slated for delivery is still in Beirut with its Saudi mule.  A Hell Cannon was also destroyed along with a 23mm Doschka, 20 gas canisters readies for detonation, C-4 and TNT and stolen pharmaceuticals from Syrian clinics.

_________________________________________________________________

NEWS AND COMMENT:

Nuland a liar?  No. No way. Try this one:

John Esq. sends this stimulating video about a Syrian medical student. Very fine production:


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Izzat Eldori killing and the relationship between Saddam’s Baath and Daash

Update

غطية خاصة | مقتل عزت الدوري | جاسم الجزائري | الاتجاه

تغطية خاصة | تطورات مقتل عزت الدوري | د احمد الشريفي | الاتجاه

IRAQ: THE DEATH OF ‘IZZAAT IBRAAHEEM AL-DOORI
 

IZZAAT IBRAAHEEM AL-DOORI

He has looked better in the past.  Iraqi militias put him and his companions to death after several hours following his tracks.  He was killed in convoy.

His fake-looking red hair and beard were tell-tale signs of a madman.  As it turned out, he was pretty stupid too.  He was the only man in the Saddam government who could criticize Fearless Leader openly.

He acted as Saddam’s  uncle and confidant.  In truth, though, he was no Ba’athist because he sold his soul to the stinking rat Erdoghani Turks and guided his “Odessa Organization” toward ISIS.  It was he, more than anyone else, who put together the rape of Mosul.

He is now confirmed dead in Hamreen in Salaahuddeen Province.

Fingerprints and DNA confirm the identity.  Now the Americans can deal him out of their decks of cards.

مع الحدث | مقتل الدوري والعلاقة بين البعث الصدامي وداعش | العالم

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Syrian Arab Army Reports ~ Syrian Armed Forces marked Independence Day, terrorists killed in different areas

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Syrian Armed Forces mark Independence Day

Armed Forces mark Independence Day

The Army and Armed Forces marked the 69th anniversary of Syria’s independence and the evacuation of French occupation, pledging to continue along the footsteps of their forefathers who sacrificed much for Syria’s independence, sovereignty, and unity.

Unit commanders and heads of facilities delivered speeches on this occasion, vowing to continue fighting against terrorism, plots of division, conspiracies, and the new forms of colonialism and hegemony.

Celebrations on this occasion included military displays and drills and sports activities, in addition by artistic performances by the Military Theatre troupe and military bands.

The Veterans League also marked Independence Day with a festivity in which participants recalled the heroics and bravery of the forefathers, which are setting an example for the army today in its battle against terrorism.

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Army strikes terrorists hard in different areas

18/4/2015 ~ Damascus Countryside – Units of the army and the armed forces on Saturday struck terrorists hard in different Syrian regions, killing scores of terrorists and inuring many others.

Damascus countryside

The army killed scores of Jabhat al-Nusra terrorists in Khan al-Shih town in Damascus Countryside.

A military source told SANA that units of the army and the armed forces carried out several operations against terrorists’ dens, killing scores of them and injuring others, in addition to destroying their arms and ammunition.

Meanwhile, the Takfiri terrorist organizations admitted on their pages on the social networking websites that seven of their members were killed and scores were injured.

SANA field reporter said an army unit destroyed an arms cache belonging to Jabhat al-Nusra terrorists in the farms of Zibdin village south of eastern Ghouta in Damascus countryside, killing many of them including Arab mercenaries from Morocco, Libya, Jordan and Palestine.

In Zamalka, terrorists from “Islam Brigade” suffered heavy losses during a military operation against their gatherings near al-Hassan Mosque, admitting the death of Wael al-Bazzeh, Salem, al-Midani, Jihad al-Awjeh and Fouad al-Taweel.

Meanwhile, an army unit destroyed three vehicles for terrorists, one of them equipped with a heavy machinegun in Alia farms on the outskirts of Douma city, killing the terrorists Mohammad Fattouh Hamada, Ali al-Rezz, Fahd al-Bika’i, Salah Abdul-Razzak and Said Mayasseh.

In Qalamoun mountains close to the Lebanese borders, an army unit launched accurate strikes against the dens of Jabhat al-Nusra terrorists in Esal al-Ward, destroying a heavy machinegun and killing a number of terrorists.

In Zabadani where the army achieved significant progress over the past few weeks, an army unit destroyed a den for terrorist organizations in al-Sultana area inside Zabadani city, killing and wounding many terrorists.

Daraa

The  army destroyed two vehicles for Jabhat al-Nusra terrorists and the so called ”al-Muthanna movement” after  tracking them on the western entrance of Kafr Shams town in the north western countryside of  Daraa province, a military source said.

Another army unit carried out a special operation to the north of al-allaqiat hill which borders Deir al-Adas town, killing a number of terrorists and injuring others.

An army unit killed members of the terrorist organization affiliated to Jabhat al-Nusra in Dael town, 14 km to the north of Daraa city, west of al-Barraq village in al-Lajat area and west of the Old Customs and Um al-Daraj in Daraa al-Balad.

Other units eliminated a number of terrorists and injured others in the surroundings of al-Yadouda and al-Bajabeje neighborhood and destroyed a vehicle along with the terrorists on board near the meteorology department in Daraa al-Balad.

Hundreds of people from Nawa city in Daraa southern province gathered on Friday to protest against Jabhat al-Nusra terrorist organization, calling for expelling the terrorists out of the city.

The participants denounced the crimes committed by terrorists, mainly besieging the residents and stealing their properties, shouting slogans that condemn the terrorists’ dark thoughts which they impose on the Locals.

Homs

Units of the army and armed forces hunted the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) terrorist organization, carrying out special military operations against it, killing many of its members and destroying their vehicles, weapons and ammunition to the southwest of Rahoum village in the countryside of Homs Province.

A military source told SANA that army units directed heavy blows against the ISIS gatherings and hideouts, killing and injuring many of terrorists in the village of Jbab Hamad, al-Twinan Mountain, Yatimiyeh Mountain, in the surroundings of the oil and gas fields in al-Twinan, al-Shaer and Jazal.

The army units also struck the Takfiri terrorist organizations in the eastern countryside of Homs, killing and injuring many of their members in the villages of Um Sahrij, Arshouneh, al-Salhiyeh and Habrah al-Gharbiyeh.

Another unit of the army killed and injured many of Jabhat al-Nusra terrorists and others of the so-called Homs brigade, al-Farouk battalions, destroying their weapons and ammunition in Talbiseh in the northern countryside of Homs.

Quneitra

An army unit carried out an operation in the village of al-Samadaniye in the eastern countryside of Quneitra province, resulting in destroying a terrorist hideout along with the weapons and ammo inside it, killing and injuring a number of terrorists.

Idleb

Army units eliminated a number of terrorists, injured others, and destroyed their hideouts and vehicles in Idleb city and its surroundings, and in Bakfalon, Ein al-Bardeh, Abu al-Duhour, Tal Salmo, Khan Sheikhoun, Loreen, Taftanaz, al-Tamane’a, Falioun, Ein Sheib, Ehsem, Mar’ean, al-Muqbileh, Kafr Lata, Saraqeb, Sarmin, and Khirbet al-Asadiye in Idleb countryside.

Aleppo

Army units eliminated a number of terrorists, injured others, and destroyed their hideouts and vehicles in the areas of al-Layramoun, the Airforce Academy, Bani Zeid, al-Manasher, the soap factory, Ramleh, Sheikh Ahmad, Shamer, Bab al-Hadid, Qadi Askar, Khan al-Asal, Rasm al-Kbar, al-Jdaideh, Kwayres, Sisako, Bashkoi, and al-Radwaniye in Aleppo and its countryside.

Raqqa

Army units destroyed two hideouts for ISIS terrorists north of al-Tabaqa city in Raqqa countryside.

Hama

Army units targeted terrorist concentrations and hideouts in Tal Tar’a, Eidon, Hasraya, Jana al-Ulbawi, Masoud, Qleib al-Thawr, and Tabaret el-Deebeh in Hama countryside, eliminating a number of terrorists and destroying vehicles, some of them equipped with heavy machineguns, along with the terrorists on board.

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Syrian Army launches more operations, leaving many terrorists killed

17/4/2015 ~ The army carried out more operations against positions of terrorist organizations on Friday, killing many of their members and destroying their weapons and ammunition.

Homs

Units of the army carried out concentrated operations in Rahoum village east of Homs city, killing a number of terrorists from the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), in addition to destroying their arms and ammunition, a military source said.

Other army units targeted terrorists from Jabhat al-Nusra and the so-called “Ahrar al-Sham” group in the villages of al-Sultaniyeh, Arshouneh, Abu Huwadit and al-Barghouthiyeh in the eastern countryside of Homs province.

Many were killed in the operations, the source told SANA.

Army units destroyed terrorists’ hideouts in the eastern countryside of Homs province, killing many of their members including Moukheiber al-Ashour, the “emir” of Jabhit al-Nusra in Salam Sharqi village, a military source said.

Metsher al-Ashour and Abdullah al-Hamidi were also identified among the terrorists killed during the army’s operations in the villages of Salam Sharqi, al-Khreija, Oum al-Rais, Masa’ada, and the hills surrounding al-Mhsairfeh.

Another army unit destroyed terrorist concentrations and hideouts in the village of Deir Foul in Talbiseh area in Homs’ northeastern countryside.

In Palmyra countryside, the army directed intense strikes against concentrations and hideouts of ISIS terrorists, killing and injuring a number of them in Jbab Hamad village, al-Twainan and Yatimiye mountains, and near the Twainan, al-Shaer, and Jazal oil and gas fields.

Hama

Army units clashed with terrorists including members of Jabhet al-Nusra and “Ahrar al-Cham Islamic Movement” terrorist organizations in the area surrounding Tal Milh, al-Jbin and al-Hmimat in Hama northern countryside.

A number of terrorists were killed during the clashes, including Mohammad Nayef al-Saeed, while a heavy vehicle used by terrorists was destroyed in the nearby village of al-Latamina along with two 14.5mm machineguns in in the area surrounding Tal Milh village.

Another army unit eliminated many terrorists in the villages of al-Mestriha, Hesraya, and Sekik, and in Sarha in al-Salamiye area, in addition to killing terrorists in the villages of al-Ramla and al-Aziziye.

Aleppo

Army units killed scores of terrorists in the area south of Nubul and al-Zahra towns in the northern countryside of Aleppo province.

Units of Army and armed Forces clashed with members of Jabhat al-Nusra terrorist organization in the al-Ma’mel area which extends between al-Joud association and Byanon town in the northern countryside of Aleppo.

The clashes resulted in the destruction of vehicles, ammo and weaponry in addition to the killing of many terrorists while others escaped leaving their weapons behind.

Terrorist organizations also suffered heavy losses in personnel and equipment in Aleppo countryside. Adnan Jneid Abu Hilal, who is the leader of Jabhat al-Nusra in the southern countryside of Aleppo, was identified among the dead.

Idleb

Units of Army carried out special operations against terrorist organizations’ dens and gatherings in the southern and southwestern countryside of Idleb.

Large number of terrorists were killed or injured during the operations.

Massive losses were inflicted on the terrorists due to Army operations against their gatherings in the ancient Tal Dinet site, in addition to the death of tens of terrorists in Talit Karima, Sarmin, al-Nirab and Kaminas.

An army unit eliminated 12 terrorists from Ahrar al-Sham Islamic Movement and destroyed a vehicle equipped with heavy machine gun in Taftanaz town in Idleb countryside.

In the northwest of Idleb city, an Army unit destroyed two terrorists’ dens with all weapons and ammo inside in al-Ankawi and Qastoon villages.

The Army targeted with intensive strikes terrorists’ hideouts in Kourin, al-Tanjara, al-Makbal, Failon and Kafr Lata in the southern and southwestern countryside of Idleb.

A number of terrorists were killed, others were injured and their ammo and weaponry were destroyed.

Daraa

The army carried out intensive operations against the gatherings of terrorist organizations in al-Bitar Farm in the area surrounding Attman town to the north of Daraa city, killing scores of them.

Army units targeted in accurate operations terrorist organizations’ hideouts south of the Old Customs, east of the Technical Institution and south of the Post Office in Daraa al-Balad.

The operations resulted in the death of many terrorists, the injury of many others and the destruction of their weaponry and equipment.

Quneitra 

A unit of the army and armed forces killed a number of Jabhat al-Nusra terrorists north of al-Murabbaat village in the countryside of the southern Quneitra province.

Other army Units carried out heavy operations against gatherings of terrorists in al-Hamidiyeh village west of Quneitra city, killing a number of them and injuring others, in addition to destroying their vehicles and equipment.

The army also killed more terrorists in Um Batieh village in the eastern countryside of Quneitra province.

Sweida

Army units and local popular defense forces destroyed terrorist hideouts in the area of Kou’a Hadar in the northern countryside of Sweida province, killing and injuring a number of the terrorists and arresting two of them.

The army also confiscated weapons and ammo, including 54 rocket shells made in America, which the terrorists were transporting from al-Lajjat area on the administrative line between Daraa and Sweida provinces to the Badiya desert in the east of Sweida.

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Syrian Army operations against terrorists continue after more gains made

16/4/2015 ~ After assuming control of villages in Idleb and capturing more strategic hills in al-Zabadani in Damascus countryside, the army continued stepped-up operations on Thursday, hemming in terrorists in various areas across the country.

Aleppo 

The army killed a number of terrorists, destroying their vehicles in Salah al-Din, Bab al-Haddid, al-Rashideen, al-Laeramon, Khan al-Asal and al-Ramouseh in Aleppo and its countryside.

 Homs

The army repelled a terrorist attack against Jebb al-Jarrah and Maksar al-Hossan villages in the countryside of the central Homs province.

The assault against the villages was launched by terrorists from the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), according to a military source.

Many of the assailants were killed at the army’s hands.

Meanwhile, the army carried out concentrated operations against hideouts of terrorist organizations in the villages of Um Sahrij, Um al-Rish, Rajm al-Qassr, Masaada and to the north of al-Msheirfeh al-Shamaliyeh, leaving many terrorists dead and their weapons and vehicles destroyed.

In al-Houleh area in northern Homs, an army unit killed more terrorists as it targeted their gatherings in al-Samalil village.

The army carried out intensive operations against terrorist organizations in al-Waer neighborhood in Homs, killing many terrorists and injured many others.

In the northern countryside of Homs, units of Army targeted Jabhat al-Nusra hideouts in Um Sharshoh, inflicting heavy losses upon them and destroying their weapons and ammunition.

Another Army unit destroyed terrorists’ gatherings and dens in al-Rastan city.

 Quneitra 

The army foiled Thursday an attack by Jabhat al-Nusra terrorists on al- Samadaniyeh al-Sharqiyeh village in the countryside of the southern Quneitra province.

An army unit clashed with Jabhat al-Nusra terrorists who came from al-Ajraf village towards al-Samadaniyeh al-Sharqiyeh village, with the clashes leaving scores of the terrorists dead or wounded, while their vehicles were destroyed, a military source explained in a statement to SANA.

Other units of the army killed many members of terrorist organizations in a special operation in the villages of Rasm al-Shoula and al-Hamidiyeh in western Quneitra. The terrorists’ arms and ammunition were destroyed.

More terrorists were also killed and others were injured during an operation that targeted their dens in Um Batina village in the eastern countryside of the province, according to the source.

~

R E L A T E D : Jihadist Mercenaries Killed

  • IRAQ: THE DEATH OF ‘IZZAAT IBRAAHEEM AL-DOORI

IZZAAT IBRAAHEEM AL-DOORI

He has looked better in the past.  Iraqi militias put him and his companions to death after several hours following his tracks.  He was killed in convoy.

His fake-looking red hair and beard were tell-tale signs of a madman.  As it turned out, he was pretty stupid too.  He was the only man in the Saddam government who could criticize Fearless Leader openly.

He acted as Saddam’s  uncle and confidant.  In truth, though, he was no Ba’athist because he sold his soul to the stinking rat Erdoghani Turks and guided his “Odessa Organization” toward ISIS.  It was he, more than anyone else, who put together the rape of Mosul.  He is now confirmed dead inHamreen in Salaahuddeen Province.

Fingerprints and DNA confirm the identity.  Now the Americans can deal him out of their decks of cards.

  • LEBANON-SYRIAN BORDER:  A DESERTER FROM THE SYRIAN ARMY WHO WAS KILLED BY ISIS IS FOUND WITH MULTIPLE GUNSHOT WOUNDS.

Arsaal

In Lebanese ‘Arsaal, just across the foothils of the Qalamoon, Lebanese security agents found the body of the missing Syrian Army deserter and terrorist, Yahyaa Zahraa.

He deserted his post in 2013 and joined the Fake Syrian Army. He used to be a part of the SAA’s Electronic Warfare Corps before he decided to join the winning team of Col. Riyaadh Al-As’ad, General Saleem Idrees, GeneralMustafaa Al-Shaykh and all the other has-beens who are lining up at the Australian embassy in Ankara to get a plane ticket down to Darwin or any city abutting the Outback.

He led a branch of the FSA called the Tajammu’ Ahraar Al-Qalamoon. (Yawn)  His family and friends allege he was kidnapped and killed by ISIS.  This rodent was originally from the liberated town of Yabrood.

~SAA-you-will-be-safe-20150226

 

~

SOURCES:
SANA
Syrianperspective
Submitted by SyrianPatriots
The real SyrianFreePress.NETwork at
https://syrianfreepress.wordpress.com/?p=44991

River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   

The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!

Iraqi Security Forces Kill Former Vice President Izzat Al-Douri in Salahuddin

Local Editor

Izzat al-Douri

Salahuddin Governor Raed al-Jabbouri announced that the security forces carried out a pre-emptive operation in eastern Tikrit, killing the former Iraqi Vice President to Saddam Hussein, Izzat al-Douri.

“The security forces were able to kill the former Vice President and one of al-Baath Party commanders, Izzat al-Douri, during an operation near Aalas oil fields in Tikrit,” al-Jabbouri said in a press statement.

Al-Jabbouri did not reveal further information about the operation.

Source: Al-Manar Website

17-04-2015 – 16:12 Last updated 17-04-2015 –  


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ISIS’ fighting doctrine: Sorting fact from fiction


Iraqi special forces search a house in the Jurf al-Sakhr area, north of the Shia shrine city of Karbala on October 30, 2014, after they retook the area from Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) jihadists over the weekend after months of fighting to regain ground. (Photo: AFP-Haidar Hamdani)
Published Friday, October 31, 2014

A careful and specialized examination of the strengths and weaknesses of the fighting doctrine and the military performance of suicidal salafi jihadi groups, such as the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), is yet to be done. Such a study has not been carried out by official military authorities in countries directly affected, such as Iraq and Syria, or by scholars specialized in studying these groups. Nevertheless, it is possible to review some of the information on the issue found in different publications.

Let us begin with the simple but valuable remarks written by a rank and file Iraqi fighter in the Iraqi army nicknamed Abu Musa, whom we had referred to previously in an articlepublished in Al-Akhbar [in Arabic] on October 21.
This fighter participated in many of the armed confrontations with ISIS after the fall of Mosul on June 10, 2014. He noted with his piercing vision and insight and through his personal combat experience certain observations which he posted on social networking sites on July 15. In these observations, which were printed by several Iraqi newspapers and news websites, he summarized the principles of ISIS’ offensive and defensive operations and how they should be responded to.
Sniping, booby-trapping and suicide bombings
This fighter tells us that during attack operations, ISIS uses mortar shells and rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs), then pushes its fighters who are carrying these bombers and heavy machine guns – DShK 1938 (Dushka) – to reign down heavy fire on the enemy while its snipers hunt resisters at the height of the attack.
We can conclude from this observation that the important contribution by ISIS lies in the intensity of firepower during a swift attack and in changing the definition and function of sniping from a marginal and clandestine security tactic outside the context of the main battle to a tactic of engagement not only within the battle but at its peak. This development has achieved important results on the ground.
Abu Musa adds that
“in cases of attack from remote distances or long-range engagement, ISIS sends suicide bombers driving trucks or car bombs and other fighters some of them carrying explosive belts but not all of them are booby-trapped to instill terror in the ranks of those resisting them. Then they send detachments armed with heavy machine guns (PKC and Dushka) to the battle that is, by now, almost decided in their favor.”

We notice then that suicide attack operations are not only meant to inflict heavy losses within the ranks of the enemy, but to strike at its psychological cohesion and morale.

We notice then that suicide attack operations are not only meant to inflict heavy losses within the ranks of the enemy, but to strike at its psychological cohesion and morale. There is a recent example of this that we can cite. Blowing up a booby-trapped fuel tank near al-Mosul Hotel the day the city fell had a tremendous impact psychologically and in terms of morale, as acknowledged by a senior military Iraqi commander.

As to how ISIS organizes its defense when it is attacked, Abu Musa noted that
“ISIS’ resistance is simple and easy, especially in street battles where the Iraqi army’s traditional combat method of reliance on infantry should be changed to reliance on snipers equipped with advanced, long-range scoped sniper rifles and on armored vehicles equipped with single, double or quadruple barreled machine guns.”
He added:
“Killing ISIS members in any clash by well-hidden snipers throws them off balance and prompts them to make mistakes that nearly push them to suicide as they reveal their whereabouts, becoming easy prey to security forces with all their weapons.”
Abu Musa concluded:
“Whoever wants to defeat ISIS has to rely on snipers equipped with advanced sniping rifles and on armored vehicles that protect their personnel against ISIS snipers and are equipped with single and double barreled dushkas in addition to increasing the number of PKC-carrying security forces in every company or brigade. Finally, providing air cover is very important in battles against ISIS but it might lose its value during short-range combat because enemies’ trenches are so close.”
Increasing the number of well-trained snipers, which Abu Musa noted and called for emulating, is not the decisive factor in ISIS’ defensive strategy.
There is another element that is no less important, namely, densely and intelligently booby-trapping the areas being defended with improvised explosive devises (IEDs) and mines. This way a fighter attacking ISIS’ defenses is caught between two fires, the fire of the snipers stationed in high places and the fire of the mines and IEDs that completely pave the target area. This three-pronged strategy (sniping, booby-trapping and suicide bombings) has succeeded in all the cities that ISIS militants entered and from which government forces have not been able to expel them. Falluja and Tikrit serve as the best examples of this strategy.
The more important question is why don’t government forces and the civilian forces helping them embrace this strategy and abandon the traditional method adopted back in World War I of attacking with piles of infantry units to prevent more cities from falling, especially that these plans have become public and well-known?
The writings of Abu Musa and others like him about the importance of snipers were taken into consideration. There has been talk that the Iraqi military leadership is moving towards more reliance on snipers. Information has been published – even though keeping military secrets requires not publishing such information – about campaigns to prepare and train thousands of snipers in many provinces. The authorities have benefited from individuals with “innately or naturally good aiming skills.” It was said that the number of volunteers in just the province of Dhi Qar reached 5,000 snipers. However, these measures have not paid off yet in a tangible way.
The ongoing battle of Kobane, where fighters from the People’s Protection Units close to the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) in Turkey are defending the city against ISIS militants, provides a valuable lesson in this regard.
These fighters, despite their modest weapons capabilities compared with ISIS’ heavy weaponry, relied on snipers and small and mobile fidayeen units. They have heroically persevered so far and have inflicted heavy losses on their enemy which has disappointed those who have counted on Kobane’s defeat, including US and Turkish generals claiming to “fight terrorism.” These fighters have, at minimum, delayed the sacking of their city and they might be able to prevent it altogether if they are armed well and provided with effective air cover.
Recognizing ISIS’ strengths
Since we are discussing ISIS’ combat performance and war strategy, let us consider their areas of strength as observed by Hisham al-Hashimi, an Iraqi scholar who is well-versed in the affairs of salafi jihadi groups. His writings explain the vast difference between the media image of ISIS and its allies created by Iraqi security, media and political officials and the reality on the ground. This discrepancy between the reality and the fabricated image is a disservice to those designing a sound military strategy aimed at defeating this enemy. He who does not know his enemy well and provides a false image of him to his people and his army will not be able to win. As the old saying goes, you have to know your enemies in order to defeat them.

[There is a] vast difference between the media image of ISIS and its allies created by Iraqi security, media and political officials and the reality on the ground.

 Let us briefly review what we think is the most important part of Hashimi’s observations.
Hashimi notes that ISIS has a specialized military leadership council that plans, oversees and leads military operations. Other sources say that most members of this council were officers in the army under the former Iraqi regime who have a lot of experience including the group’s caliphate, Ibrahim Awwad al-Samarrai or Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi – who was an officer in the army – and his four senior aids. Hashimi also underscores the strength and skill of the group’s intelligence and security agency which no hostile agency has been able to penetrate or obstruct. According to specialized sources, this military council consists of eight to 13 members, all of them Iraqi. It is led by four men who were senior officers under Saddam and headed by a former colonel whose nom de guerre is Hajji Bakr and who joined the group under its slain leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi.
Hashimi points out that the group’s leaders know the geography of the land they are fighting for very well. They use military deception and hit and run tactics, they create weak combat axes with a lot of media fanfare to distract from the next target and they use the element of surprise and the shock doctrine when waging an attack. We saw that in the battles to control Hit, Kabisa and al-Kilo 35 area on October 13 while the main secret target all along was the centers of Ramadi and Haditha.
Even though I agree with the essence of what Hashimi says, I have reservations about the claim that “they know the geography of land they are fighting over.” Even if that were true, its significance will still be in question for two reasons. One, ISIS’ enemies are also Iraqis fighting on their land and they know its geography well. Two, the majority of second-tier leaders and middle cadres in ISIS are foreigners and not Iraqis, so it is impossible for them to know the geography of the country more than its people.
We can also agree with what Justin Bronk, a research analyst in the military sciences program at the Royal United Services Institute in London, wrote. He rightly pointed to another ISIS military advantage.“A particular speciality is outflanking defensive positions and then mopping up defenders who attempt to retreat. The tactic is as much psychological as it is kinetic, and is greatly magnified by the horrendous and public brutality ISIS has systematically exhibited wherever it has gained control.
Even well-motivated and equipped troops are likely to contemplate tactical withdrawals if outflanked and in danger of being surrounded by an unknown number of fanatical mass murderers with apparently superior weaponry and tactics. Whereas in Mosul, the defenders are poorly motivated, even small ISIS attacks are capable of provoking mass panic and routs.”
This psychological warfare that Bronk is talking about, saw its worst expression in the despicable Speicher massacre committed by ISIS militants which tainted them and whoever defends them or justifies their crimes with eternal shame. However, some analysts, eyewitnesses from the area and controversial MP Mishaan al-Jabouri accused supporters of Saddam Hussein’s regime and relatives of a number of his officials who were executed of carrying out this massacre while falsely raising ISIS flags. Names and pictures of these people killing unarmed prisoners have been published. More than 1,700 soldiers and prisoner students at the air force college were killed in this massacre.
ISIS’ bloody and immoral tactic of killing prisoners prompted some military units not to withdraw even when withdrawal was the right decision and was necessary, only to be encircled and later stormed by the enemy. This is what happened in Saqlawiyah and Sajar camps in Anbar province resulting in a catastrophe and human losses. The Iraqi leadership bears responsibility for these losses and for failing to avoid them.

[T]he deciding factor in Kobane’s perseverance … is not the air strikes by the international coalition but the strength, courage and flexibility of the heroic Kurdish resistance’s tactics on the ground and their willingness to sacrifice.

ISIS’ strategy, however, failed in the battle of Ain al-Arab/Kobane against Kurdish Syrian fighters. Even though the outcome of the battle has not been decided yet, the steadfastness of those defending the city this entire time is a huge military victory for them. Bronk continues: “Kobane is an unusual operation for ISIS fighters in some respects, … Despite having surrounded Kobane and conducting aggressive and apparently well-coordinated infiltration attempts from multiple approaches, the sort of street-to-street “meat grinder” that Kobane has become does not play to ISIS’s strengths.

Against an enemy with nowhere to retreat to and air support, a numerically limited force such as ISIS that normally relies as much on psychological effects as firepower to take ground faces a tough challenge. This is just as well since on the ground, it is only the bravery of lightly armed Kurdish fighters standing between ISIS and control of the town. Airstrikes are essential but could not keep ISIS out of the town alone.”
In other words, the deciding factor in Kobane’s perseverance, as Bronk argues and we agree with him wholeheartedly, is not the air strikes by the international coalition but the strength, courage and flexibility of the heroic Kurdish resistance’s tactics on the ground and their willingness to sacrifice. That is how they defeated the ISIS myth and tangibly proved that it is not a legend but just a myth that can easily be disproved and defeated.
River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   
The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!

Bernard-Henri Lévy set general policies for ISIS and arranged oil-rich Arab kingdoms funding

Meet with the devil: Bernard-Henri Lévy


A senior Ba’athist officer, who joined ISIS in its campaign occupying large part of Iraq and Syria, has confessed that in 2010 Bernard-Henri Lévy, the renown French Zionist philosopher and political activist, met with Al-Qaeda’s high-ranking leaders including Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi and conferred about plans which can enable terrorist groups such as ISIS to conquer Middle-Eastern Arab countries in future.

The Ba’athist officer divulged to his interrogators that it was Lévy who set the general policies for ISIS and later the oil-rich Arab kingdoms began funneling money to the hard-line organization.

Recently an Algerian newspaper, Al Shorouq, published a document signed by Iraqi former dictator’s secretary warning about Lévy attempts to set up a notorious terrorist group inside Iraq even before the US 2003 invasion.

Bernard-Henri Lévy who holds dual Israeli and French nationalities is accomplice in orchestrating a long list of bloody coups and revolutions in many countries, notably in Syria, Libya and Ukraine.

Lévy is also famous for his anti-Islam stance. Back in 2006 he participated in an Israeli sit-in alongside Salman Rushdie , the author of the blasphemous novel ‘The Satanic Verses’ , and defended Kurt Westergaard , the Danish cartoonist who created the profane cartoon of the Islamic prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

In June 2013, Edward Snowden leaked classified information from the National Security Agency that the British and American intelligence and the Mossad worked together to create the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) in Lévy played a crucial role in this regard. Snowden said intelligence services of three countries created ISIS, a terrorist organization that is able to attract all extremists of the world to one place, using a strategy called “the hornet’s nest”.

Interestingly, Hillary Clinton, the former US secretary of State, acknowledged in her newly published memoir that US government created ISIS and referred to Lévy describing him as the mastermind behind the ISIS military success.

 

Peace Rally: Canada Out Of Iraq

Saturday October 25, 2014
2:30 pm
U.S. Consulate – 360 University Avenue (just north of Osgoode subway station)

Why we say NO to Canada’s war in Iraq

We have all seen the pictures and read the reports abut the brutal sectarian group ISIS in Iraq and Syria and many people want to “do something” to stop the terror. However, the US led bombing campaign, that Canada has just joined, is not going to help.

Here’s why we say no to the war in Iraq and Syria.

It will make things worse
– Every bombing campaign kills civilians and every civilian killed means more recruits for ISIS.
– The actions of the US and its allies are legitimizing ISIS as an anti-imperial force to people in the region.
– Already, the airstrikes have led opponents such as the Jabhat al-Nusra to join in common cause with ISIS. Bombing is making these groups stronger.

ISIS is a product of US-led war in the region

-The US invasion of Iraq in 2003 killed 1 million people, destroyed infrastructure and the economy and fueled sectarian divisions due to a US mandated constitution that gives power and resources to groups based on religious or ethnic identity.
-The US stoked sectarian divisions to halt a unified opposition to their rule.
-Western powers have flooded Syria with weapons which have now and will continue to fall into the hands of ISIS

It won’t work

-ISIS can simply melt into the heavily populated cities and hide.
-Many of the forces that have created ISIS were present in Iraq after the invasion in 2003 including former Baath party members and sectarian groups. Even with hundreds of thousands of troops on the ground, the US was unable to stop these groups.
-ISIS receives support from people in Saudi Arabia, a key western ally that beheads roughly 80 people a year. The response from the west to Saudi support for ISIS is to arm them. Canada sold them $10 billion in weaponry last year. Unless that source of money and weapons ends, ISIS will continue.

This is a continuation of George Bush’s war, a war based on lies

-The US went to war in 2003 based on fake intelligence about weapons of mass destruction. It was never about bringing peace or security, but about controlling oil resources.

This war is fueling Stephen Harper’s agenda to militarize Canada

Under the Conservatives, military spending has reached its highest levels since World War II. There are now plans to expand Canadian military bases around the world. And the military is fast becoming a central thread in the fabric of society.
– Harper is using this moment to deport US Iraq war resisters from Canada so he can silence their calls for peace.
– 69 per cent of Canadians opposed the last war on Iraq in 2003. The only party to support the war then and now are the Conservatives.

Canadians were right to oppose war in Iraq in 2003. We need to stand up again and say no to perpetual war!

Get Canada out of Iraq

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River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   

The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!

DR. ASSAD’S DILEMMA AND NATO’S RIPENING WAR CRIMES AGAINST SYRIA AND THE KURDS

Don’t let them pearlies fool you.  These are the fangs of vipers. 

 Dr. Assad faced a Morton’s Fork: let them bomb in Syria to kill ISIS terrorist sociopaths or condemn their aggression as outside the scope of U.N. mandated action.  If he condemns U.S. strafing of ISIS positions in Syria, he is bound to declare war against the United States triggering the Syrian/Iranian Mutual Defense Pact which would have very costly consequences for all concerned.  If he lets them bomb in Syria, he risks alienating many members of the Ba’ath Party whose own hostility to all foreign interference on sovereign Syrian soil is a matter of record.  He has opted for the first scenario with the Syrian state media largely reflecting this fact.  And, to be fair, so far the fears of some that the American campaign against ISIS is nothing more than a “Jaleela’s Dowry” (read: Trojan Horse) in order to scorch the Syrian Army have proven to be unfounded.  So far.  (Even this author penned an article using the metaphor of the rear door when one couldn’t get in through the front.)

Dr. Assad’s gambit has exposed fissures within the Western camp’s projected facade of unified action and belief.  He has already demolished the American, British, French and German pretense to being pro-democracy states.  By closing down all avenues for Syrian citizens in those countries to vote in the July Syrian presidential elections, their own strident hypocrisies were laid bare and their violations of the same U.N. Charter which they all claimed to uphold were in bold relief.

 

They declared the elections a “farce” while the international media filmed hundreds of thousands of Syrians queuing up in long lines at Syrian embassies, in other nations like Lebanon and Ecuador,  to vote for their president in a direct election that was rebuttal to the Western posturing.  The farce, you see, was the nauseating spectacle of their own Western double-speak.

There is no point in beating a dead horse.  The statements coming from London, Washington, Paris, Berlin, Riyaadh, Doha, Ankara and a few other minor countries, mostly NATO members, all evidence an intent to overthrow the legitimate, sitting government of the Syrian Arab Republic – a member and co-founder of the United Nations.  Remarks by John Kerry, Hillary Clinton, Laurent Fabius and Ahmet Davutoghlu were made publicly.  Kerry would say: “…Assad has no place in Syria’s future.”  Erdoghan of Turkey has gone even further by saying his nation’s priority is the overthrow of the Assad government.  These statements were made officially in the full light of day – unlike Joe Biden’s recent honesty at Harvard where he “revealed” Arab state’s and Turkey’s involvement in funding and promoting terrorism in Syria – an honest declaration made in an unofficial capacity.  Or was it, official?

That the United States is a vicious violator of international law is not lost on anyone but the most tunnel-visioned mole.  Chapter I, Article 2, Paragraph 3 of the U.N. Charter provides clearly that

All Members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered.”

But, now, we have to remember that the U.S., Jordan, “israel”, Britain and France, were all setting up training camps in Jordan, at Al-Mafraq and Al-Zarqaa`, to train so-called “rebels” to oust the sitting president of the Syrian Arab Republic. We also know that the British “handled” thousands of foreign Jihadist terrorists in Turkey and helped Ankara to facilitate the transfer of these bearded apes into Syria in order to destroy the country.  These allegations are proven by a plethora of video evidence.  But, Turkey has gone even one step further on the way to war crime immortality and the Hypocrisy Hall of Fame.

In the same U.N. Charter, Chapter I, Article 2, Paragraph 4, it is provided:

“All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.” 

The United States is bombing Syria today without even the slightest effort to debate the issue at the U.N.S.C.  The only fig leaf behind which the gangster Obama regime can hide is the fact that Dr. Assad has chosen the first scenario we mentioned herein-above.  By not complaining too much; having Dr. Faysal Miqdaad, Deputy Foreign Minister, visibly displaying glee while discussing America’s war on ISIS; clearly snubbing his nose at Russian and Iranian misgivings about the American campaign, Dr. Assad has, in effect, acceded to an air campaign against the Turk-sponsored murderers of ISIS.  Again, here, he has suckered the U.S. into an admission it would have preferred not to make:  The U.S. had to give the Syrian government notice of its intent, and thereby, act out the protocols of recognition.  That American harridan Samantha Powers, at the U.N., delivered the message to Permanent Delegate, Dr. Bashar Al-Ja’afari, is even more proof of that.

Erdoghan has been described by experts as a “megalomaniac”.  But, that doesn’t mean he’s stupid.  When the Syrian government was banking on Kurdish PKK support in taking the war to Turkey, Erdoghan cleverly involved convict, Abdullah Ocalan, who is doing a life-sentence on Imrali Island for his role in alleged “terrorist” acts against Turkey, in negotiations to resolve the festering problem of Kurdish autonomy.  For months, he has been able to buy time and  several buffers in order to create the illusion of progressing talks toward the Kurdish Holy Grail.  All the while, as the thick-headed Kurds were feverishly counting their chickens, Erdoghan was putting together ISIS – training it using disaffected former Saddamist Sunni officers and Turkish military specialists.  Even as Erdoghan helped Ocalan to assassinate Sakine Cansiz in Paris, the Kurdish PKK, led by Mesut Kiryilan, took the bait, hook, line and sinker.

But, as ISIS starts to move into Kobaani (Arabic: ‘Ayn Al-‘Arab), right on the Turk border, with promised atrocities to entertain western readers for months to come,  the Kurds finally started to wake up.  Even Ocalan, who bargained everything away for a wide-screen television, is now reportedly threatening to pull out of some of history’s most meaningless negotiations. Erdoghan, however, trumped the Kurds when they least expected it.  He had an extra ace of diamonds in the pinochle deck.  You see, with ISIS doing the Turkish dirty work of smashing Kurdish military power, he has maneuvered himself into “Fat City”.  The Kurds will be weakened and chastened while Dr. Assad will have to deal with a burgeoning ISIS in the north.

So what is going on with the United States bombing ISIS?  How is it that Turkey and the U.S., once bonded over the need to oust Dr. Assad, are now at odds over the existence of what Erdoghan believes is his best route to that end?  The answer must be that the U.S. is not bombing ISIS except in the most peripheral way.  Is it possible that the U.S. would attack ISIS seriously in Iraq while doing nothing substantial in Syria?  I think that’s largely true.  With the Nusra rats moving from Aleppo in large numbers towards Al-Raqqa in order to connect with ISIS there, the American bombing campaign appears to have no effect in blunting their desire to sit under an American umbrella.  Is it possible that the U.S. is moving toward the creation of a trans-border Iraqi/Syrian Sunni state which would exist as another puppet enclave to accomplish the following:

1.  Block forever the extension of the Iran-Iraq-Syrian natural gas pipeline;

2.  Block forever Iranian overflights to supply and aid Hizbollah;

3.  Act as a permanent base for American and Turkish projections of power in the Near East;

4.  Hold sway over areas rich in petroleum, mostly Iraqi;

5.  Isolate Assad between Jordan, the Zionist Settler State and Turkey.

Sound implausible?  Not to Joe Biden or the imperialist rats in England and France.  Remember it was Biden who wrote an infamous article for the New York Times about dividing Iraq into 3 countries.  It may be that a new state is planned for the region – a Caliphate totally in synch with Saudi Arabian Wahhabism.  It’s a state that neutralizes the Shi’is and nullifies their Fatimid Crescent.  It is a base from which the war criminal Erdoghan can operate his machinery of death and nihilism.  This is America at its most malevolent.

River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   

The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!

How The West Created ISIS

By

Abdullah

King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, right, speaks with US President Barack Obama.(AP/Hassan Ammar)

Part 1 – OUR TERRORISTS

“This is an organisation that has an apocalyptic, end-of-days strategic vision which will eventually have to be defeated,” Gen Martin Dempsey, chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, told a Pentagon press conference in August.

Military action is necessary to halt the spread of the ISIS/IS “cancer,” said President Obama. Yesterday, in his much anticipated address, he called for expanded airstrikes across Iraq and Syria, and new measures to arm and train Iraqi and Kurdish ground forces.

“The only way to defeat [IS] is to stand firm and to send a very straightforward message,” declared Prime Minister Cameron. “A country like ours will not be cowed by these barbaric killers.”

Missing from the chorus of outrage, however, has been any acknowledgement of the integral role of covert US and British regional military intelligence strategy in empowering and even directly sponsoring the very same virulent Islamist militants in Iraq, Syria and beyond, that went on to break away from al-Qaeda and form ‘ISIS’, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, or now simply, the Islamic State (IS).

Since 2003, Anglo-American power has secretly and openly coordinated direct and indirect support for Islamist terrorist groups linked to al-Qaeda across the Middle East and North Africa. This ill-conceived patchwork geostrategy is a legacy of the persistent influence of neoconservative ideology, motivated by longstanding but often contradictory ambitions to dominate regional oil resources, defend an expansionist Israel, and in pursuit of these, re-draw the map of the Middle East.

Now despite Pentagon denials that there will be boots on the ground – and Obama’s insistence that this would not be another “Iraq war” – local Kurdish military and intelligence sources confirm that US and German special operations forces are already “on the ground here. They are helping to support us in the attack.” US airstrikes on ISIS positions and arms supplies to the Kurds have also been accompanied by British RAF reconnaissance flights over the region and UK weapons shipments to Kurdish peshmerga forces.

Divide and rule in Iraq

“It’s not that we don’t want the Salafis to throw bombs,” said one US government defense consultant’]);”>US government defense consultant in 2007. “It’s who they throw them at – Hezbollah, Moqtada al-Sadr, Iran, and at the Syrians, if they continue to work with Hezbollah and Iran.”

Early during the 2003 invasion and occupation of Iraq, the US covertly supplied arms to al-Qaeda affiliated insurgents even while ostensibly supporting an emerging Shi’a-dominated administration.

Pakistani defense sources interviewed by Asia Times in February 2005 confirmed that insurgents described as “former Ba’ath party” loyalists – who were being recruited and trained by “al-Qaeda in Iraq” under the leadership of the late Abu Musab Zarqawi – were being supplied Pakistan-manufactured weapons by the US. The arms shipments included rifles, rocket-propelled grenade launchers, ammunition, rockets and other light weaponry. These arms “could not be destined for the Iraqi security forces because US arms would be given to them”, a source told Syed Saleem Shahzad – the Times’ Pakistan bureau chief who, “known for his exposes of the Pakistani military” according to the New Yorker, was murdered in 2011. Rather, the US is playing a double-game to “head off” the threat of a “Shi’ite clergy-driven religious movement,” said the Pakistani defense source.

This was not the only way US strategy aided the rise of Zarqawi, a bin Laden mentee and brainchild of the extremist ideology that would later spawn ‘ISIS.’

According to a little-known November report for the US Joint Special Operations University (JSOU) and Strategic Studies Department, Dividing Our Enemies, post-invasion Iraq was “an interesting case study of fanning discontent among enemies, leading to ‘red-against-red’ [enemy-against-enemy] firefights.”

While counterinsurgency on the one hand requires US forces to “ameliorate harsh or deprived living conditions of the indigenous populations” to publicly win local hearts and minds:

“… the reverse side of this coin is one less discussed. It involves no effort to win over those caught in the crossfire of insurgent and counterinsurgent warfare, whether by bullet or broadcast. On the contrary, this underside of the counterinsurgency coin is calculated to exploit or create divisions among adversaries for the purpose of fomenting enemy-on-enemy deadly encounters.”

In other words, US forces will pursue public legitimacy through conventional social welfare while simultaneously delegitimising local enemies by escalating intra-insurgent violence, knowing full-well that doing so will in turn escalate the number of innocent civilians “caught in the crossfire.” The idea is that violence covertly calibrated by US special operations will not only weaken enemies through in-fighting but turn the population against them.

In this case, the ‘enemy’ consisted of jihadists, Ba’athists, and peaceful Sufis, who were in a majority but, like the militants, also opposed the US military presence and therefore needed to be influenced. The JSOU report referred to events in late 2004 in Fallujah where “US psychological warfare (PSYOP) specialists” undertook to “set insurgents battling insurgents.” This involved actually promoting Zarqawi’s ideology, ironically, to defeat it: “The PSYOP warriors crafted programs to exploit Zarqawi’s murderous activities – and to disseminate them through meetings, radio and television broadcasts, handouts, newspaper stories, political cartoons, and posters – thereby diminishing his folk-hero image,” and encouraging the different factions to pick each other off. “By tapping into the Fallujans’ revulsion and antagonism to the Zarqawi jihadis the Joint PSYOP Task Force did its ‘best to foster a rift between Sunni groups.’”

US soldiers in Fallujah

US soldiers in Fallujah

The US military operation in Fallujah, largely justified on the claim that Zarqawi’s militant forces had occupied the city, used white phosphorous, cluster bombs, and indiscriminate air strikes to pulverise 36,000 of Fallujah’s 50,000 homes, killing nearly a thousand civilians, terrorising 300,000 inhabitants to flee, and culminating in a disproportionate increase in birth defects, cancer and infant mortality due to the devastating environmental consequences of the war.

To this day, Fallujah has suffered from being largely cut-off from wider Iraq, its infrastructure largely unworkable with water and sewage systems still in disrepair, and its citizens subject to sectarian discrimination and persecution by Iraqi government backed Shi’a militia and police. “Thousands of bereaved and homeless Falluja families have a new reason to hate the US and its allies,” observed The Guardian in 2005. Thus, did the US occupation plant the seeds from which Zarqawi’s legacy would coalesce into the Frankenstein monster that calls itself “the Islamic State.”

Bankrolling al-Qaeda in Syria

According to former French foreign minister Roland Dumas, Britain had planned covert action in Syria as early as 2009: “I was in England two years before the violence in Syria on other business,” he told French television: “I met with top British officials, who confessed to me that they were preparing something in Syria. This was in Britain not in America. Britain was preparing gunmen to invade Syria.”

Leaked emails from the private intelligence firm Stratfor, including notes from a meeting with Pentagon officials, confirmed that as of 2011, US and UK special forces training of Syrian opposition forces was well underway. The goal was to elicit the “collapse” of Assad’s regime “from within.”

Since then, the role of the Gulf states – namely Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, and Jordan (as well as NATO member Turkey) – in officially and unofficially financing and coordinating the most virulent elements amongst Syria’s rebels under the tutelage of US military intelligence is no secret. Yet the conventional wisdom is that the funneling of support to Islamist extremists in the rebel movement affiliated to al-Qaeda has been a colossal and regrettable error.

The reality is very different. The empowerment of the Islamist factions within the ‘Free Syrian Army’ (FSA) was a foregone conclusion of the strategy.

Clinton

United States Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (R) greets Turkey’s Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu (L), United Arab Emirates’ Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed al-Nahyan (2nd L) and British Foreign Minister William Hague, in Tunis.

Yet as noted by Dahr Jamail, one of the few unembedded investigative reporters in Iraq after the war, the proliferation of propaganda linking the acceleration of suicide bombings to the persona of Zarqawi was not matched by meaningful evidence. His own search to substantiate the myriad claims attributing the insurgency to Zarqawi beyond anonymous US intelligence sources encountered only an “eerie blankness”.

In its drive to depose Col. Qaddafi in Libya, NATO had previously allied itself with rebels affiliated to the al-Qaeda faction, the Islamic Fighting Group. The resulting Libyan regime backed by the US was in turnliaising with FSA leaders in Istanbul to provide money and heavy weapons for the anti-Assad insurgency. The State Department even hired an al-Qaeda affiliated Libyan militia group to provide security for the US embassy in Benghazi – although they had links with the very people that attacked the embassy.

Last year, CNN confirmed that CIA officials operating secretly out of the Benghazi embassy were being forced to take extra polygraph tests to keep under wraps what US Congressman suspect was a covert operation “to move surface-to-air missiles out of Libya, through Turkey, and into the hands of Syrian rebels.”

With their command and control centre based in Istanbul, Turkey, military supplies from Saudi Arabia and Qatar in particular were transported by Turkish intelligence to the border for rebel acquisition. CIA operatives along with Israeli and Jordanian commandos were also training FSA rebels on the Jordanian-Syrian border with anti-tank and anti-aircraft weapons. In addition, other reports show that British and French military were also involved in these secret training programmes. It appears that the same FSA rebels receiving this elite training went straight into ISIS – last month one ISIS commander, Abu Yusaf, said, “Many of the FSA people who the west has trained are actually joining us.”

The National thus confirmed the existence of another command and control centre in Amman, Jordan, “staffed by western and Arab military officials,” which “channels vehicles, sniper rifles, mortars, heavy machine guns, small arms and ammunition to Free Syrian Army units.” Rebel and opposition sources described the weapons bridge as “a well-run operation staffed by high-ranking military officials from 14 countries, including the US, European nations and Arabian Gulf states, the latter providing the bulk of materiel and financial support to rebel factions.”

The FSA sources interviewed by The National went to pains to deny that any al-Qaeda affiliated factions were involved in the control centre, or would receive any weapons support. But this is difficult to believe given that “Saudi and Qatari-supplied weapons” were being funneled through to the rebels via Amman, to their favoured factions.

Classified assessments of the military assistance supplied by US allies Saudi Arabia and Qatar obtained by the New York Times showed that “most of the arms shipped at the behest of Saudi Arabia and Qatar to supply Syrian rebel groups… are going to hardline Islamic jihadists, and not the more secular opposition groups that the West wants to bolster.”

Lest there be any doubt as to the extent to which all this covert military assistance coordinated by the US has gone to support al-Qaeda affiliated factions in the FSA, it is worth noting that earlier this year, the Israeli military intelligence website Debkafile – run by two veteran correspondents who covered the Middle East for 23 years for The Economist – reported that: “Turkey is giving Syrian rebel forces, including the al-Qaeda-affiliated Nusra Front, passage through its territory to attack the northwestern Syrian coastal area around Latakia.”

In August, Debkafile reported that “The US, Jordan and Israel are quietly backing the mixed bag of some 30 Syrian rebel factions”, some of which had just “seized control of the Syrian side of the Quneitra crossing, the only transit point between Israeli and Syrian Golan.” However, Debkafile noted, “al-Qaeda elements have permeated all those factions.” Israel has provided limited support to these rebels in the form of “medical care,” as well as “arms, intelligence and food…

“Israel acted as a member, along with the US and Jordan, of a support system for rebel groups fighting in southern Syria. Their efforts are coordinated through a war-room which the Pentagon established last year near Amman. The US, Jordanian and Israeli officers manning the facility determine in consultation which rebel factions are provided with reinforcements from the special training camps run for Syrian rebels in Jordan, and which will receive arms. All three governments understand perfectly that, notwithstanding all their precautions, some of their military assistance is bound to percolate to al-Qaeda’s Syrian arm, Jabhat Al-Nusra, which is fighting in rebel ranks. Neither Washington or Jerusalem or Amman would be comfortable in admitting they are arming al-Qaeda’s Nusra Front in southern Syria.”

This support also went to ISIS. Although the latter was originally founded in Iraq in October 2006, by 2013 the group had significantly expanded its operations in Syria working alongside al-Qaeda’s al-Nusra until February 2014, when ISIS was formally denounced by al-Qaeda. Even so, experts on the region’s Islamist groups point out that the alleged rift between al-Nusra and ISIS, while real, is not as fraught as one might hope, constituting a mere difference in tactics rather than fundamental ideology.

ISIS

Officially, the US government’s financial support for the FSA goes through the Washington DC entity, the Syrian Support Group (SSG), Syrian Support Group (SSG) which was incorporated in April 2012. The SSG is licensed via the US Treasury Department to “export, re-export, sell, or supply to the Free Syrian Army (‘FSA’) financial, communications, logistical, and other services otherwise prohibited by Executive Order 13582 in order to support the FSA.”

In mid-2013, the Obama administration intensified its support to the rebels with a new classified executive order reversing its previous policy limiting US direct support to only nonlethal equipment. As before, the order would aim to supply weapons strictly to “moderate” forces in the FSA.

Except the government’s vetting procedures to block Islamist extremists from receiving US weapons have never worked.

A year later, Mother Jones found that the US government has “little oversight over whether US supplies are falling prey to corruption – or into the hands of extremists,” and relies “on too much good faith.” The US government keeps track of rebels receiving assistance purely through “handwritten receipts provided by rebel commanders in the field,” and the judgement of its allies. Countries supporting the rebels – the very same which have empowered al-Qaeda affiliated Islamists – “are doing audits of the delivery of lethal and nonlethal supplies.”

Thus, with the Gulf states still calling the shots on the ground, it is no surprise that by September last year, eleven prominent rebel groups distanced themselves from the ‘moderate’ opposition leadership and allied themselves with al-Qaeda.

By the SSG’s own conservative estimate, as much as 15% of rebel fighters are Islamists affiliated to al-Qaeda, either through the Jabhut al-Nusra faction, or its breakaway group ISIS. But privately, Pentagon officials estimate that “more than 50%” of the FSA is comprised of Islamist extremists, and according to rebel sources neither FSA chief Gen Salim Idris nor his senior aides engage in much vetting, decisions about which are made typically by local commanders.

Part 2 – THE LONG WAR

 

Follow the money

Media reports following ISIS’ conquest of much of northern and central Iraq this summer have painted the group as the world’s most super-efficient, self-financed, terrorist organisation that has been able to consolidate itself exclusively through extensive looting of Iraq’s banks and funds from black market oil sales. Much of this narrative, however, has derived from dubious sources, and overlooked disturbing details.

One senior anonymous intelligence source told Guardian correspondent Martin Chulov, for instance, that over 160 computer flash sticks obtained from an ISIS hideout revealed information on ISIS’ finances that was completely new to the intelligence community.

Mideast Iraq Al-Qaida Baghdadi

“Before Mosul, their total cash and assets were $875m [£515m],” said the official on the funds obtained largely via “massive cashflows from the oilfields of eastern Syria, which it had commandeered in late 2012.” Afterwards, “with the money they robbed from banks and the value of the military supplies they looted, they could add another $1.5bn to that.” The thrust of the narrative coming from intelligence sources was simple: “They had done this all themselves. There was no state actor at all behind them, which we had long known. They don’t need one.”

“ISIS’ half-a-billion-dollar bank heist makes it world’s richest terror group,” claimed the Telegraph, adding that the figure did not include additional stolen gold bullion, and millions more grabbed from banks “across the region.”

This story of ISIS’ stupendous bank looting spree across Iraq made global headlines but turned out to bedisinformation. Senior Iraqi officials and bankers confirmed that banks in Iraq, including Mosul where ISIS supposedly stole $430 million, had faced no assault, remain open, and are guarded by their own private security forces.

How did the story come about? One of its prime sources was Iraqi parliamentarian Ahmed Chalabi – the same man who under the wing of his ‘Iraqi National Congress’ peddled false intelligence about Saddam’sweapons of mass destruction and ties to al-Qaeda.

In June, Chalabi met with the US ambassador to Iraq, Robert Beecroft, and Brett McGurk, the State Department’s deputy assistant secretary of state for Iraq and Iran. According to sources cited by Buzzfeedin June, Beecroft “has been meeting Chalabi for months and has dined at his mansion in Baghdad.”

 

Follow the oil

But while ISIS has clearly obtained funding from donors in the Gulf states, many of its fighters having broken away from the more traditional al-Qaeda affiliated groups like Jabhut al-Nusra, it has also successfully leveraged its control over Syrian and Iraqi oil fields.

In January, the New York Times reported that “Islamist rebels and extremist groups have seized control of most of Syria’s oil and gas resources”, bolstering “the fortunes of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, or ISIS, and the Nusra Front, both of which are offshoots of al-Qaeda.” Al-Qaeda affiliated rebels had “seized control of the oil and gas fields scattered across the country’s north and east,” while more moderate “Western-backed rebel groups do not appear to be involved in the oil trade, in large part because they have not taken over any oil fields.”

Jabhut al-Nusra

Yet the west had directly aided these Islamist groups in their efforts to operationalise Syria’s oil fields. In April 2013, for instance, the Times noted that al-Qaeda rebels had taken over key regions of Syria: “Nusra’s hand is felt most strongly in Aleppo”, where the al-Qaeda affiliate had established in coordination with other rebel groups including ISIS “a Shariah Commission” running “a police force and an Islamic court that hands down sentences that have included lashings.” Al-Qaeda fighters also “control the power plant and distribute flour to keep the city’s bakeries running.” Additionally, they “have seized government oil fields” in provinces of Deir al-Zour and Hasaka, and now make a “profit from the crude they produce.”

Lost in the fog of media hype was the disconcerting fact that these al-Qaeda rebel bread and oil operations in Aleppo, Deir al-Zour and Hasaka were directly and indirectly supported by the US and the European Union (EU). One account by the Washington Post for instance refers to a stealth mission in Aleppo “to deliver food and other aid to needy Syrians – all of it paid for by the US government,” including the supply of flour. “The bakery is fully supplied with flour paid for by the United States,” the Post continues, noting that local consumers, however, “credited Jabhat al-Nusra – a rebel group the United States has designated a terrorist organisation because of its ties to al-Qaeda – with providing flour to the region, though he admitted he wasn’t sure where it comes from.”

And in the same month that al-Qaeda’s control of Syria’s main oil regions in Deir al-Zour and Hasaka was confirmed, the EU voted to ease an oil embargo on Syria to allow oil to be sold on international markets from these very al-Qaeda controlled oil fields. European companies would be permitted to buy crude oil and petroleum products from these areas, although transactions would be approved by the Syrian National Coalition. Due to damaged infrastructure, oil would be trucked by road to Turkey where the nearest refineries are located.

“The logical conclusion from this craziness is that Europe will be funding al-Qaeda,” saidJoshua Landis’]);”>Joshua Landis , a Syria expert at the University of Oklahoma.

Just two months later, a former senior staffer at the Syria Support Group in DC, David Falt, leaked internal SSG emails confirming that the group was “obsessed” with brokering “jackpot” oil deals on behalf of the FSA for Syria’s rebel-run oil regions.

“The idea they could raise hundreds of millions from the sale of the oil came to dominate the work of the SSG to the point no real attention was paid to the nature of the conflict,”said Falt, referring in particular to SSG’s director Brian Neill Sayers, who before his SSG role worked with NATO’s Operations Division. Their aim was to raise money for the rebels by selling the rights to Syrian oil.

 

Tacit complicity in IS oil smuggling

Even as al-Qaeda fighters increasingly decide to join up with IS, the ad hoc black market oil production and export infrastructure established by the Islamist groups in Syria has continued to function with, it seems, the tacit support of regional and western powers.

Baiji oil refinery

According to Ali Ediboglu, a Turkish MP for the border province of Hatay, IS is selling the bulk of its oil from regions in Syria and Mosul in Iraq through Turkey, with the tacit consent of Turkish authorities: “They have laid pipes from villages near the Turkish border at Hatay. Similar pipes exist also at [the Turkish border regions of] Kilis, Urfa and Gaziantep. They transfer the oil to Turkey and parlay it into cash. They take the oil from the refineries at zero cost. Using primitive means, they refine the oil in areas close to the Turkish border and then sell it via Turkey. This is worth $800 million.” He also noted that the extent of this and related operations indicates official Turkish complicity. “Fighters from Europe, Russia, Asian countries and Chechnya are going in large numbers both to Syria and Iraq, crossing from Turkish territory. There is information that at least 1,000 Turkish nationals are helping those foreign fighters sneak into Syria and Iraq to join ISIS. The National Intelligence Organization (MIT) is allegedly involved. None of this can be happening without MIT’s knowledge.”

Similarly, there is evidence that authorities in the Kurdish region of Iraq are also turning a blind eye to IS oil smuggling. In July, Iraqi officials said that IS had begun selling oil extracted from in the northern province of Salahuddin. One official pointed out that “the Kurdish peshmerga forces stopped the sale of oil at first, but later allowed tankers to transfer and sell oil.”

State of Law coalition MP Alia Nasseef also accused the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) of secretly trading oil with IS: “What is happening shows the extent of the massive conspiracy against Iraq by Kurdish politicians… The [illegal] sale of Iraqi oil to ISIS or anyone else is something that would not surprise us.” Although Kurdish officials have roundly rejected these accusations, informed sources told the Arabic daily Asharq Al-Awsat that Iraqi crude captured by ISIS was “being sold to Kurdish traders in the border regions straddling Iraq, Iran and Syria, and was being shipped to Pakistan where it was being sold ‘for less than half its original price.’”

An official statement in August from Iraq’s Oil Ministry warned that any oil not sanctioned by Baghdad could include crude smuggled illegally from IS:

“International purchasers [of crude oil] and other market participants should be aware that any oil exports made without the authorisation of the Ministry of Oil may contain crude oil originating from fields under the control of [ISIS].”

“Countries like Turkey have turned a blind eye to the practice” of IS oil smuggling, said Luay al-Khateeb, a fellow at the Brookings Doha Center, “and international pressure should be mounted to close down black markets in its southern region.” So far there has been no such pressure. Meanwhile, IS oil smuggling continues, with observers inside and outside Turkey noting that the Turkish government is tacitly allowing IS to flourish as it prefers the rebels to the Assad regime.

According to former Iraqi oil minister Isam al-Jalabi, “Turkey is the biggest winner from the Islamic State’s oil smuggling trade.” Both traders and oil firms are involved, he said, with the low prices allowing for “massive” profits for the countries facilitating the smuggling.

 

Buying ISIS oil?

Early last month, a tanker carrying over a million barrels in crude oil from northern Iraq’s Kurdish region arrived at the Texas Gulf of Mexico. The oil had been refined in the Iraqi Kurdish region before being pumped through a new pipeline from the KRG area ending up at Ceyhan, Turkey, where it was then loaded onto the tanker for shipping to the US. Baghdad’s efforts to stop the oil sale on the basis of its having national jurisdiction were rebuffed by American courts.

In early September, the European Union’s ambassador to Iraq, Jana Hybášková, told the EU Foreign Affairs Committee that “several EU member states have bought oil from the Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS) terrorist organisation that has been brutally conquering large portions of Iraq and Syria,” according to Israel National News. She however “refused to divulge the names of the countries despite being asked numerous times.”

A third end-point for the KRG’s crude this summer, once again shipped via Turkey’s port of Ceyhan, was Israel’s southwestern port of Ashkelon. This is hardly news though. In May, Reuters revealed that Israeli and US oil refineries had been regularly purchasing and importing KRG’s disputed oil.

Meanwhile, as this triangle of covert oil shipments in which ISIS crude appears to be hopelessly entangled becomes more established, Turkey has increasingly demanded that the US pursue formal measures to lift obstacles to Kurdish oil sales to global markets. The KRG plans to export as much as 1 million barrels of oil a day by next year through its pipeline to Turkey.

The Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline

Among the many oil and gas firms active in the KRG capital, Erbil, are ExxonMobil and Chevron. They are drilling in the region for oil under KRG contracts, though operations have been halted due to the crisis. No wonder Steve Coll writes in the New Yorker that Obama’s air strikes and arms supplies to the Kurds – notably not to Baghdad – effectively amount to “the defense of an undeclared Kurdish oil state whose sources of geopolitical appeal – as a long-term, non-Russian supplier of oil and gas to Europe, for example – are best not spoken of in polite or naïve company.” The Kurds are now busy working to “quadruple” their export capacity, while US policy has increasingly shifted towardpermitting Kurdish exports – a development that would have major ramifications for Iraq’s national territorial integrity.

To be sure, as the offensive against IS ramps up, the Kurds are now selectively cracking down on IS smuggling efforts – but the measures are too little, too late.

A new map

The Third Iraq War has begun. With it, longstanding neocon dreams to partition Iraq into three along ethnic and religious lines have been resurrected.

White House officials now estimate that the fight against the region’s ‘Islamic State’ will last years, and may outlive the Obama administration. But this ‘long war’ vision goes back to nebulous ideas formally presented by late RAND Corp analyst Laurent Muraweic before the Pentagon’s Defense Policy Board at the invitation of then chairman Richard Perle. That presentation described Iraq as a “tactical pivot” by which to transform the wider Middle East.

Brian Whitaker, former Guardian Middle East editor, rightly noted that the Perle-RAND strategy drew inspiration from a 1996 paper published by the Israeli Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies, co-authored by Perle and other neocons who held top positions in the post-9/11 Bush administration.

The policy paper advocated a strategy that bears startling resemblance to the chaos unfolding in the wake of the expansion of the ‘Islamic State’ – Israel would “shape its strategic environment” by first securing the removal of Saddam Hussein. “Jordan and Turkey would form an axis along with Israel to weaken and ‘roll back’ Syria.” This axis would attempt to weaken the influence of Lebanon, Syria and Iran by “weaning” off their Shi’ite populations. To succeed, Israel would need to engender US support, which would be obtained by Benjamin Netanyahu formulating the strategy “in language familiar to the Americans by tapping into themes of American administrations during the cold war.”

The 2002 Perle-RAND plan was active in the Bush administration’s strategic thinking on Iraq shortly before the 2003 war. According to US private intelligence firm Stratfor, in late 2002, then vice-president Dick Cheney and deputy defense secretary Paul Wolfowitz had co-authored a scheme under which central Sunni-majority Iraq would join with Jordan; the northern Kurdish regions would become an autonomous state; all becoming separate from the southern Shi’ite region.

The strategic advantages of an Iraq partition, Stratfor argued, focused on US control of oil:

“After eliminating Iraq as a sovereign state, there would be no fear that one day an anti-American government would come to power in Baghdad, as the capital would be in Amman [Jordan]. Current and potential US geopolitical foes Iran, Saudi Arabia and Syria would be isolated from each other, with big chunks of land between them under control of the pro-US forces.

Equally important, Washington would be able to justify its long-term and heavy military presence in the region as necessary for the defense of a young new state asking for US protection – and to secure the stability of oil markets and supplies. That in turn would help the United States gain direct control of Iraqi oil and replace Saudi oil in case of conflict with Riyadh.”

MapThe expansion of the ‘Islamic State’ has provided a pretext for the fundamental contours of this scenario to unfold, with the US and British looking to re-establish a long-term military presence in Iraq in the name of the “defense of a young new state.”

In 2006, Cheney’s successor, Joe Biden, also indicated his support for the ‘soft partition’ of Iraq along ethno-religious lines – a position which the co-author of the Biden-Iraq plan, Leslie Gelb of the Council on Foreign Relations, now argues is “the only solution” to the current crisis.

Also in 2006, the Armed Forces Journal published a map of the Middle East with its borders thoroughly re-drawn, courtesy of Lt. Col. (ret.) Ralph Peters, who had previously been assigned to the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence where he was responsible for future warfare. As for the goals of this plan, apart from “security from terrorism” and “the prospect of democracy”, Peters also mentioned “access to oil supplies in a region that is destined to fight itself.”

Map2

In 2008, the strategy re-surfaced – once again via RAND Corp – through a report funded by the US Army Training and Doctrine Command on how to prosecute the ‘long war.’ Among its strategies, one scenario advocated by the report was ‘Divide and Rule’ which would involve:

“… exploiting fault lines between the various Salafi-jihadist groups to turn them against each other and dissipate their energy on internal conflicts.”

Simultaneously, the report suggested that the US could foster conflict between Salafi-jihadists and Shi’ite militants by:

“… shoring up the traditional Sunni regimes… as a way of containing Iranian power and influence in the Middle East and Persian Gulf.”

One way or another, some semblance of this plan is in motion. Last week, Israeli foreign minister Avigdor Leiberman told US secretary of state John Kerry:

“Iraq is breaking up before our eyes and it would appear that the creation of an independent Kurdish state is a foregone conclusion.”

The rise of the ‘Islamic State’ is not just a direct consequence of this neocon vision, tied as it is to a dangerous covert operations strategy that has seen al-Qaeda linked terrorists as a tool to influence local populations – it has in turn offered a pretext for the launch of a new era of endless war, the spectre of a prolonged US-led military presence in the energy-rich Persian Gulf region, and a return to the dangerous imperial temptation to re-configure the wider regional order.

The mysterious link between the US military prison Camp Bucca and ISIS leaders

A flag of the Islamic State (IS) is seen on the other side of a bridge at the frontline of fighting between Kurdish Peshmerga fighters and Islamist militants in Rashad, on the road between Kirkuk and Tikrit, on September 11, 2014. (Photo: AFP-Jez)
Published Saturday, September 13, 2014
Beyond conspiracy theories – which are often justified in an era where everything appears as though it is part of a plan or a scheme – we have the right to ask why the majority of the leaders of the Islamic State (IS), formerly the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), had all been incarcerated in the same prison at Camp Bucca, which was run by the US occupation forces near Omm Qasr in southeastern Iraq.
In the context of conspiracy theories, there are a lot of rumors about links between IS and the US intelligence or affiliated organizations. But to what extent are these theories credible? Is there evidence that corroborate them?
These questions seem legitimate, provided that ready-made answers are not accepted without convincing evidence. However, it is difficult to get this kind of evidence, and we might need another Edward Snowden or WikiLeaks to learn the real truth about the relationship between IS and US intelligence.
Yet not having this evidence should not prevent us from trying to gather some clues that may not amount to definitive evidence, but which will no doubt question the narrative that fully exonerates US intelligence from involvement with the jihadis.
First of all, most IS leaders had passed through the former U.S. detention facility at Camp Bucca in Iraq. So who were the most prominent of these detainees?

Abu Ayman al-Iraqi… also “graduated” from Camp Bucca, and currently serves as a member on IS’ military council.

The leader of IS, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, tops the list. He was detained from 2004 until mid-2006. After he was released, he formed the Army of Sunnis, which later merged with the so-called Mujahideen Shura Council.
What happened during Baghdadi’s detention in Bucca remains a mystery. Some press reports said he had been detained as a “civilian” in prison for 10 months in 2004, while other reports stated he was captured by the US forces in 2005 and held for four years at Camp Bucca. This latter possibility is unlikely, given that Baghdadi had formed the Army of Sunnis and joined the Mujahideen Shura Council shortly before the assassination of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in June 2006. This is while bearing in mind that this council was established in January 2006, which makes it more likely that Baghdadi had been released either in late 2005 or early 2006.
It should be noted that after the Army of the Sunnis merged with the Mujahideen Shura Council, the Americans were able to successfully hunt down the leaders of al-Qaeda in Iraq, starting with Zarqawi in 2006, and not ending with Abu Omar al-Baghdadi and Abu Hamza al-Muhajir in 2010, the death of the former being the event that paved the way for Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi to become the organization’s leader.
Another prominent IS leader today is Abu Ayman al-Iraqi, who was a former officer in the Iraqi army under Saddam Hussein. This man also “graduated” from Camp Bucca, and currently serves as a member on IS’ military council.
Another member of the military council who was in Bucca is Adnan Ismail Najm. He was known as Osama al-Bilawi (Abu Abdul_Rahman al-Bilawi). IS named the operation for the “invasion of Mosul” after him. He was detained on January 2005 in Bucca, and was also a former officer in Saddam’s army. He was the head of a shura council in IS, before he was killed by the Iraqi army near Mosul on June 4, 2014.
Camp Bucca was also home to Haji Samir, aka Haji Bakr, whose real name is Samir Abed Hamad al-Obeidi al-Dulaimi. He was a colonel in the army of the former Iraqi regime. He was detained in Bucca, and after his release, he joined al-Qaeda. He was the top man in ISIS in Syria, but was killed in Aleppo in the first week of January 2014.
According to the testimonies of US officers who worked in the prison, the administration of Camp Bucca had taken measures including the segregation of prisoners on the basis of their ideology. This, according to experts, made it possible to recruit people directly and indirectly.

Former detainees had said in documented television interviews that Bucca, which was closed down in September 2009, was akin to an “al-Qaeda school.”

Former detainees had said in documented television interviews that Bucca, which was closed down in September 2009, was akin to an “al-Qaeda school,” where senior extremist gave lessons on explosives and suicide attacks to younger prisoners. A former prisoner named Adel Jassem Mohammed said that one of the extremists remained in the prison for two weeks only, but even so was able to recruit 25 out of 34 inmates who were there. Mohammed also said that U.S. military officials did nothing to stop the extremists from mentoring the other detainees.
While Camp Bucca is the common denominator among most IS leaders, another one is the fact that a majority of them were officers in the Baathist army, which explains the ease with which the radical group has been able to infiltrate the clans and coax some of their leaders into joining its ranks.
Another noteworthy point is that none of the leaders who had emerged out of Bucca and who were subsequently killed, were killed in U.S. airstrikes, but rather at the hands of the Iraqi army, the Syrian army, or in fighting with other armed groups.
What had happened in Bucca then? What were the circumstances that made all those former detainees subsequent leaders in the extremist group? These questions require answers and serious investigations. No doubt, we will one day discover that many more leaders in the group had been detained in Bucca as well, which seems to have been more of a “terrorist academy” than a prison.
The final point that cannot be ignored is that the creation of ISIS has greatly weakened al-Qaeda.
This article is an edited translation from the Arabic Edition.
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The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!
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