Palestinian Resistance running in the New Legislative Elections Simulates Insanity,إستراتيجية فلسطينية واقعية في مقابل انتخابات تحاكي الجنون

**Please scroll down for the Arabic original version **

Palestinian Resistance running in the New Legislative Elections Simulates Insanity

عمرو علان - Amro 🇵🇸 (@amrobilal77) | Twitter
* Palestinian writer and Political researcher

Amro Allan

First published in Global Research

“Insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results:” this quote is wrongly attributed to Einstein, but regardless of who said it, this is what best describes the Palestinian resistance participation in the new Palestinian legislative elections. The new elections are being sold as the way for reconciliation between Fatah and Hamas. However, the Palestinian division occurred in the light of the results of the 2006 legislative elections, and as a direct result of the contrast between Hamas and Fatah strategies towards the Palestinian cause. 

The strategies of the Palestinian factions have not changed since the previous elections. On the contrary, the Palestinian Authority (which in fact represents Fatah) has become entrenched further with the occupation, and the foreign actors’ stance against the Palestinian resistance has become more rigid. And it is stands to reason that a significant change in at least one of these two factors is a prerequisite to expect different outcome of any new elections 

So, away from the slogans of the reconciliation between Palestinian factions and the accompanied PR campaigns, what does each of the Palestinian factions hope to achieve from these elections?  And more importantly, what is the solution to break the siege imposed on the Palestinian resistance in Gaza?

The Palestinian Authority (PA)

In January 2020, the former U.S. administration announced the ‘deal of the century’; this deal in fact exposed the hidden intention of the successive U.S. administrations. This announcement was preceded by the Zionist Entity revealing its intention to annex the West Bank. Add to this, the ‘Jewish nation-state’  laws which the Zionist Entity passed in 2018 that may lead to transportation of the Palestinians in the 1948 territories out of their homes. After all these developments, Mahmoud Abbas declared Oslo Accords dead and the end of the security coordination with the occupation. With this, a glimmer of hope within the Palestinian factions that the PA had finally benefited from its disastrous experience over the past 30 years has emerged. It was said at the time that it was possible for Fatah to agree with the other Palestinian factions on the basis of civil resistance to the occupation. And a meeting of the Secretaries-Generals of the Palestinian factions was held in Beirut on this basis. However, soon the hope of any change in the performance of the PA evaporated. The PA continued to coordinate fully with the ‘Israelis’ forces in order to thwart any attempt to resist the occupation and continued to suppress any popular movement on the ground, no matter how peaceful it was. The PA relentlessly suppressed Even the peaceful popular demonstration of solidarity with the hunger-striking detainee Maher al-Akhras at the time. Then came the shocking statement of Hussein al-Sheikh, the PA Civil Affairs Minister, when he announced the return of the PA diplomatic relations with ‘Israel’ to how it was, including the security coordination- which in truth never ceased. 

It has become clear to most observers that the PA function has become limited to two tasks: first, collecting financial aid; and second, paving the way (knowingly or unknowingly) for the occupation to accomplish its aims of annexing what little that remains of the West Bank. 

By stifling any form of Palestinian movements, peaceful or otherwise, to resist the occupation’s changing the facts on the ground, the Pa has become de-facto complicit of the occupation. Hence, all PA talk still possessing a Palestinian national project becomes no more than empty rhetoric. Because even he who believes in the negotiations as the only path to attain Palestinian rights does not strip himself of all negotiation leverages as the PA has indeed done. The PA has become a mockery of itself. It now mimics the French government of Vichy or the South Lebanon Army; with the difference that the last two had a project, regardless of our view of their projects, whereas the PA no longer has a task to speak of. These are not labels that can be given lightly or as a matter of populism, nor it is a call for internal fighting which must be avoided at all cost, especially in the presence of the occupation. But this is a description of the current situation that must be taken into account when assessing any future Palestinian strategy.

Thus, it can be reasoned that the goal of Mahmoud Abbas and the PA from the elections is to renew their legitimacy, or more precisely to take allegiance from Hamas and the rest of the Palestinian factions, and then to return to the vortex of what they call peace process and with no horizons in sight, of course. 

Hamas and the Palestinian resistance factions

Hamas and the Palestinian resistance are going through an evident crisis, because of their limited options and their failure to lift the 15-year siege imposed on the Gaza Strip. It can be argued that the origins of the blockade were Hamas’s strategic miscalculations to run in the 2006 legislative elections- which did not secure Hamas any immunity nor protected it as it had hoped. Notwithstanding this argument, the occupation remains the prime source of the blockade. The Zionist Entity is the holder of the blockade keys and no one else. This is the primary fact and must not be ignored when formulating any   strategy to dismantle the blockade.

It is not a secret that Hamas is hoping that running in the upcoming elections will lead to lifting the blockade or at the very least easing it. This presents two assumptions: either Hamas competes against Fatah to win the majority in the legislative elections or runs with Fatah on the same party list. Suppose it is the former, and Hamas wins the election. In that case, Hamas will face a repeat of the 2006 scenario if there is no change in the Palestinian faction’s policies nor any change in the key international players’ stance towards the Palestinian resistance. 

But if Hamas runs in the elections on a party list with Fatah, and it agrees to be a minority in the legislative elections, it will become an opposition party within the Oslo system. At which point, they will be obliged to play according to the Oslo rules. We observe the emergence of two parallel lines on the Palestinian scene- that can never converge. One represents the PA which has become linked to the occupation (and part of it, in reality), and which does not believe in any form of confrontation with the occupation, even a peaceful one; whilst the other believes in Resistance to restore Palestinian rights. As a result, the resistance factions will find themselves facing the same current dilemma. With the difference that this time they will have given to the opposite side new ammunition to use against them. The Palestinian resistance will be required internally and internationally to respect the elections’ results and hand over the Gaza Strip to the PA before any easing of the blockade takes place.  And because the blockade keys are with the occupation, the Palestinian resistance will have to follow the Zionist Entity’s definition of handing over control of the Gaza Strip. And that means the disarmament of the Palestinian resistance and nothing else.

The solution to break the siege on the Palestinian resistance

It must be recognized first that finding a solution to the Gaza crisis is not a simple task, because the blockade is linked first and foremost to the occupation itself and is only one of its   symptoms. Nevertheless, what deserves attention is that the Occupation Entity has allowed a lot of financial aid to the PA in Ramallah and even to the Gaza Strip, whenever the status quo nears the point of collapse in the West Bank or Gaza. This indicates that the Zionist Entity fears an explosion in either of these arenas. For instance, Netanyahu retreated from his decision to announce the West Bank’s annexation fearing the break of a third intifada based on the estimates of his security advisers and nothing else. This casts doubt on the idea that the West Bank    is not ready for a popular movement and a third intifada. It is true that starting a popular movement is not without many obstacles, first of which   is the presence of the PA intelligence services, who are now directly coordinating with the Shin Bet. Nevertheless, is it really possible that the Palestinian factions are short of the means to motivate people and move onto the street if they put their mind to it?

In addition to what has been said, if we put the blockade imposed on the Palestinian resistance in its broader context as part of the economic war imposed on all resistance forces in the region, movements and states alike, the lifting of the siege on Gaza clearly becomes a common interest for all these actors. And this calls for the Palestinian factions to try to formulate a unified strategy with all the resistance forces in the region (i.e. the Axis of Resistance) to lift the blockade. It is, of course, obvious that this requires rounds and rounds of discussion, and that any strategy to break the siege with the support of the Axis of Resistance will be a medium-term strategy, but this remains the more productive option. Engaging in uncalculated adventures such as new elections will only lead to more time-wasting, even according to the most optimistic estimates.

Conclusion

The siege imposed on the Palestinian resistance in the Gaza Strip is a vital component in the overall strategy of the Zionist Entity, and any counter plan to break the siege that does not take in account this fact is bound to fail. Therefore, steps that can change the equations on the ground and the development of a comprehensive national Palestinian strategy are paramount for dismantling the siege. Today the Palestinians have a realistic opportunity to impose withdrawal of the occupation from the 1967 territories through a   third intifada. This would undoubtedly change all the existing equations on the ground. 

What is put forward in this article are only thoughts for deliberation. The formulation of a complete future Palestinian strategy needs the participation of many minds. But what this article has tried to avoid is sugar-coating the reality, simplifying the status quo, and providing solutions that appear attractive on the outside but bear the seeds of their own failure in the inside.

* Palestinian writer and Political researcher

إستراتيجية فلسطينية واقعية في مقابل انتخابات تحاكي الجنون

عمرو علان - Amro 🇵🇸 (@amrobilal77) | Twitter
*كاتب فلسطيني وباحث سياسي

عمرو علان

First published in Arabic in Al-Akhbar Fri 5 Feb 2021

الأخبار الجمعة 5 شباط 2021

«الجنون هو أن تكرّر الفعل نفسه أكثر من مرّة وتتوقّع نتائج مغايرة». يُنسب هذا الاقتباس خطأ إلى آينشتاين، لكن بغضّ النظر عمّن كان قائله الحقيقي، لعلّه أفضل ما يُوَصِّف حالة انتخابات المجلس التشريعي الفلسطيني المزمع إجراؤها قريباً. لقد وقع الانقسام الفلسطيني، أصلاً، على ضوء نتائج انتخابات عام 2006 التشريعية، وكنتيجة لتباين النظرة بشأن الاستراتيجيات بين حركتَي «حماس» و«فتح»، ومنذ ذلك الحين، لم يطرأ أيّ تغيير على الظروف الداخلية الفلسطينية من ناحية المواقف، ولا الرؤى تجاه المشروع الوطني الفلسطيني، ولا الموقفان الخارجيان الدولي والعربي قد تبدّلا بشيء. بل على العكس، زاد انحدار السلطة الفلسطينية وارتباطها بالاحتلال داخلياً، وزاد الموقفان الدولي والعربي نكراناً للحق الفلسطيني وصلفاً تجاه القوى الفلسطينية عموماً، فكيف إذن يمكن توقّع أن تكون نتائج الانتخابات الجديدة أفضل من سابقتها، وأن تؤدّي إلى مصالحة فلسطينية؟ فما الذي يبتغيه، إذن، كلّ طرف من هذه الانتخابات بعيداً عن الشعارات المعلنة وحملات العلاقات العامّة؟ وما هو الحل للخروج من حالتَي المراوحة والتيه الواضحتين في الوضع الفلسطيني؟

السلطة الفلسطينية

مع إعلان الإدارة الأميركية السابقة عن صفقة القرن، هذه الصفقة التي تمثل التوجه الحقيقي للإدارات الأميركية المتعاقبة، وما تلاها من إفصاح الكيان الصهيوني عن مسعاه لضمّ أراضي الضفّة الغربية، ناهيك بسَنّ قوانين يهودية الدولة التي تهدّد أصل وجود فلسطينيّي أراضي الـ48 في ديارهم، ظهر بصيص أمل ولو كان ضئيلاً عن احتمالية كون السلطة قد استفادت من تجربتها الكارثية، خلال الأعوام الثلاثين الماضية، عندما أعلن محمود عباس عدم الالتزام بمخرجات أوسلو ووقف التنسيق الأمني، وقيل حينها إنّه يمكن التوافق بين سائر القوى الفلسطينية على أرضية الحدّ الأدنى في مقاومة الاحتلال على أساس المقاومة الشعبية. وعلى وقْع ذلك، تمّ عقد اجتماع أمناء الفصائل في بيروت، لكن سرعان ما تبدّد الأمل في أي تبدّل ولو كان طفيفاً في أداء السلطة، فقد استمرت السلطة في التعاون الكامل مع قوات الاحتلال بهدف إحباط أيّ محاولة لمقاومة الاحتلال، وتابعت قمع أيّ حراك شعبي على الأرض مهما كان سلمياً، وحتى مجرّد التظاهرة الشعبية السلمية للتضامن مع الأسير المضرب عن الطعام آنذاك، ماهر الأخرس، تمّ قمعها دون هوادة. وتبع ذلك تصريح حسين الشيخ مستهزِئاً بعقول كلّ الشعب الفلسطيني بلا استثناء، عندما أعلن ما أسماه «انتصار الشعب الفلسطيني» وعودة التنسيق الأمني رسمياً (ويا دار ما دخلك شر).

لقد بات جلياً من طريقة تعاطي السلطة الفلسطينية مع الواقع الفلسطيني، أنّ وظيفتها صارت محصورة بأمرين لا ثالث لهما؛ الأول: تحصيل المخصّصات، والآخر: تمهيد الأرضية في الضفة الغربية – بعلم أو بدون علم – كي يُنجِز الاحتلال مشروعه بابتلاع ما بقي من أراضي الضفة عبر منعها لأيّ شكل من أشكال المقاومة أو الحراك من أجل التصدّي لخطوات الاحتلال التي يستمر بتنفيذها على أرض الواقع. وكلّ حديث عن مشروع وطني فلسطيني لدى السلطة ما هو إلا صرخات في البرّية، فحتى من كان يؤمن بطريق المفاوضات لتحصيل حقوقه لا يعمد إلى تجريد نفسه من كلّ ما لديه من أوراق ضغط أو تفاوض من تلقاء ذاته. وعلى هذا، صارت السلطة الفلسطينية تحاكي حكومة فيشي الفرنسية أو جيش لحد الجنوبي مع فارق أنّه كان لهذين الأخيرين مشروع، بغضّ النظر عن رأينا في مشروعيهما، بينما لا يوجد أي أفق مستقبلي أو مشروع للسلطة الفلسطينية، هذه ليست توصيفات يمكن إطلاقها بِخِفّة أو من باب الشعبوية، ولا هي دعوة إلى الاقتتال الداخلي الذي يجب اجتنابه بأيّ ثمن، ولا سيما في ظلّ وجود الاحتلال، لكن هذا توصيف لواقع حال يجب أن يؤخذ في الحسبان عند تقدير أيّ موقف.

وإذا ما ألقينا نظرة فاحصة، نجد أنّ السلطة فعلياً باتت تمثّل مشروع الفلسطيني المهزوم. لذلك، نجد محمود عباس يقول إنّه سيفاوض ويستمر بالمفاوضات والاستجداء عساه يُحصِّل شيئاً من الحقوق الفلسطينية، ويُعلّل ذلك بكون الفلسطيني جرّب الطرق الأخرى ولم يحصل على مراده لأنّ الظروف الدولية والإقليمية والداخلية في غير مصلحته، بحسب فهمه غير الدقيق ولا الواقعي. لكن يغيب عن هذا التصوّر أنّه حتى خيار الاستسلام غير متاح للفلسطيني الموجود في الضفة وأراضي الـ48، فالكيان الصهيوني لم يَعُد يخفي مشروعه في هضم أراضي الضفة وترحيل سكانها عاجلاً أم آجلاً، وربما يكون مردّ التشويش في هذا التصوّر تجاهل أصل المشروع الصهيوني الذي هو مشروع إحلالي يقوم على اقتلاع السكان الأصليين للأرض وإحلال المستوطنين مكانهم، وقد ساعد في ظهور هذا التصوّر بروز بعض الأطروحات المشوِّهة لحقيقة الصراع من قبيل نظريات الفصل العنصري (الأبارتايد)، أو أنّ القضية الفلسطينية هي قضية كرامة أو مساواة. لكنّ المفارقة، هنا، أنّ خيار الاستسلام ربما يكون متاحاً لأهالي غزّة إذا ارتضوا العيش بذلّة تحت سيطرة الصهيوني، وليس لباقي سكّان المناطق الأخرى في أرض فلسطين. نكتفي بهذا القدر كي لا نستطرد عن أصل النقاش الحالي أكثر.

بناءً على هذا العرض، يمكن الخلوص إلى كون هدف محمود عباس والسلطة عموماً من إجراء الانتخابات هو تجديد شرعيتها، أو أخذ البيعة من حركة «حماس» وباقي الفصائل، بتأييد خطّها السياسي إن صحّ وصفه بالخط سياسي، ومن ثم لتعود إلى دوّامة ما يسمونه مفاوضات سلام وبلا أيّ أفق طبعاً، بينما تواصل تأدية دورها الوظيفي في تأمين الحماية لقوات الاحتلال والمستوطنين، ريثما يُجْهِز الكيان الصهيوني على باقي أراضي الضفة وعلى الوجود السكاني لأهالي الضفة وأراضي الـ48.

«حماس» وفصائل المقاومة

تمرّ «حماس» بأزمة خيارات واضحة وحقيقية، بسبب إخفاقها في فكّ الحصار عن قطاع غزة، هذا الحصار الذي تشارك فيه السلطة ذاتها وبعض الدول العربية المتواطئة، والذي بات يشكّل عبئاً على أهالي القطاع ويتسبّب في عجز الحكم في غزة عن تأمين الكثير من الحاجيات الأولية للغزّيين، ناهيكم بتعطيل حركة الدخول والخروج من وإلى القطاع، ما حوَّل قطاع غزة إلى سجن مفتوح بكل معنى الكلمة. ويمكن المحاجّة بأنّ منشأ الحصار كان بسبب تقدير «حماس» الاستراتيجي الخاطئ الذي خاضت بموجبه الانتخابات التشريعية في عام 2006، التي لم تؤمّن للحركة أي حصانة ولا هي حمت ظهرها كما كان مرجواً، لكن بعيداً عن كلّ هذا النقاش يبقى الاحتلال هو مصدر الحصار الأول والأخير، ومفتاح فكّه ليس مع أحد سواه، لا مع السلطة ولا مع تلك الدول العربية المتواطئة، وهذا أمر أساسي لا يصحّ تجاهله عند صياغة أي استراتيجية لفكّ الحصار.

بناءً على ما سلف، يمكن استنتاج أنّ «حماس» تأمل من دخول الانتخابات فكّ الحصار أو تخفيفه على أقلّ تقدير، وهذا بالتالي يطرح فرضيّتين: إما دخول «حماس» الانتخابات على أساس المغالبة، وإمّا خوضها على أساس المشاركة بصيغة قائمة مشتركة مع «فتح» أو بصيغة أخرى يُتّفَق عليها.

فإذا كانت الانتخابات مغالبة، واستطاعت «حماس» الفوز بالأكثرية، عندها نكون أمام تكرار سيناريو عام 2006 بحذافيره، طالما لا تغيير في المواقف الداخلية للأطراف ولا تبديل للمواقف الدولية كما ذكرنا. وأما إذا كانت الانتخابات بالمشاركة وارتضت «حماس» أن تكون أقلية، أو إذا ما فشلت في تحقيق الأغلبية بالمغالبة ففي الحالتين ستتحوّل إلى معارضة ضمن منظومة أوسلو، وعندها ستكون ملزمة باللعب وفق قواعدِه، وفي ظلّ وجود خطّين متوازيين على الساحة الفلسطينية لا يتقاطعان، أحدهما بات مرتبطاً بالاحتلال عضوياً وبالطبيعة لا يؤمِن بأيّ شكل من أشكال مجابهة الاحتلال حتى ولو كانت سلمية، والآخر يؤمِن بالمقاومة كسبيل لاستعادة الحقوق.

فستجد «حماس» وسائر فصائل المقاومة نفسها أمام ذات المعضلة الحالية، لكن هذه المرة ستكون قد منحت للطرف المقابل ذخيرة جديدة للاستقواء عليها، فهي ستكون مطالبة داخلياً ودولياً باحترام نتائج الانتخابات وتسليم قطاع غزة قبل أيّ تخفيف للحصار. وهنا لن ينفع التذاكي فالحصار مفتاحه مع الاحتلال والآخرون هم مجرد تفصيل كما جادلنا، وتسليم القطاع لدى الكيان الصهيوني يعني تسليم كلّ فصائل المقاومة لسلاحها الموجود فوق الأرض وتحت الأرض ولا شيء دون ذلك.

لكن يردُّ البعض بأنّ دخول الانتخابات يمكن أن يمنح «حماس» وسائر فصائل المقاومة وضعاً في الداخل الفلسطيني يماثل وضع حزب الله في لبنان، وهنا يمكن قول الآتي: من الصعب مقارنة وضع قطاع غزة وحال فصائله بالحالة اللبنانية، لا من ناحية وجود سوريا على الحدود اللبنانية التي لا تشارك في حصار لبنان، والتي فوق ذلك تشكّل خطّ إمداد لحزب الله منها وعبرها، ولا من ناحية قوة حزب الله الذي بلغ مرحلة من القدرة التسليحية يستطيع معها تبديل معادلات إقليمية. ومع هذا، يجب الانتباه إلى أنّ من يطْبِق الحصار على غزّة هو الكيان الصهيوني بشكل مباشر، بينما يعدّ الأميركي الوحيد الذي لديه قدرة على ممارسة أشكال من الحصار على لبنان. وكان الأميركي يتَّبِع في الفترات الماضية استراتيجية المساكنة في لبنان لحسابات معقّدة ومخاوف لديه لا مجال لذكرها هنا، بينما تخلّى اليوم عن فكرة المساكنة، وهذا ما يفسر الضغط الاقتصادي الذي يمرّ به لبنان بالأساس، بالإضافة إلى عوامل داخلية لبنانية أخرى مساعِدة. وخلاصة القول أنّ جميع قوى المقاومة في الإقليم تتعرّض، اليوم، لحصار مالي واقتصادي تتفاوت فعاليته وآثاره تبَعاً لظروف كلّ فصيل وجغرافياً موقع تواجده.

الخروج من حالة المراوحة

استعرضنا في ما سبق كيف أنّ دخول «حماس» الانتخابات لن يفضي إلى حلٍّ لحصار غزة، بل يرجّح أن يؤدّي إلى نتائج عكسية تعود بالضرر على المقاومة الفلسطينية. هذا ولم نفصل في المخاطر على المشروع الوطني الفلسطيني وثوابته وأهدافه لضيق المساحة. وقبل الخوض في الحلول، يجب الاعتراف بداية بأنّ إيجاد حلّ لأزمة غزة ليس بالأمر الهيّن كون الحصار مرتبطاً أولاً وأخيراً بالاحتلال ذاته وما هو إلّا أحد أعراضه، وهو ضريبة تدفعها قوى المقاومة إلى جانب ضرائب أخرى كثيرة يتحمّلها كلّ من يسعى إلى التحرير كما جادلنا. لكن يجب أيضاً الإشارة إلى أمر آخر جدير بالانتباه، وهو سماح كيان الاحتلال لقدر من المساعدات المالية بالوصول إلى سلطة رام الله، وحتى قطاع غزّة، كلّما أوشك الوضع على الانهيار، سواءً في الضفة أو قطاع غزة. وهذا يشير بوضوح إلى أنّ ما يخشاه العدو هو حصول انفجار في أيٍّ من هاتين الساحتين، ويبدو أنّ العدو بات مدركاً لمكامن ضعفه واختلال موازين القوى لغير مصلحته أكثر من إدراك بعض الفلسطينيين لهذه الوقائع، فنجد بنيامين نتنياهو يتراجع عن قراره الذي استثمر فيه كثيراً بإعلان ضمّ أراضي الضفة الغربية تحسّباً لانفجار الانتفاضة في أراضي الـ67، بناءً على تقديرات أجهزته الأمنية ولا شيء سوى ذلك، وهذا يدحض الفكرة القائلة بكون الضفة مترهّلة وغير حاضرة للتحرّك شعبياً. صحيح أنّ الحراك الشعبي دونه صعاب عديدة، أوّلها وجود جيش من مخبري أجهزة السلطة الذين باتوا يأتمرون بأمر الشاباك مباشرة، لكن هل يُعقل أن تعدم الفصائل الوسيلة في تحريك الشارع؟

وفي المقابل، فليس مردّ التذمّر الشعبي ضيق الحال المعيشي فقط، لكنّ حالتَي السكون والمراوحة اللتين يعيشهما الوضع الفلسطيني هما سببان لا يمكن تجاهلهما، حيث كون هذا الوضع يوحي بانسداد الأفق على الصعيد الوطني، وفي هذه الحالة تطفو المصاعب المعيشية على السطح لتأخذ موقع الصدارة على القضايا الوطنية الأخرى. وهذه ليست دعوة للهروب إلى الأمام كما ربما سيحاجج البعض، فأيّ حراك شعبي في الضفة هذه المرة ستكون حظوظه في فرض الانسحاب على كيان الاحتلال من أراضي الـ67 مرتفعة للغاية، بناءً على استقراء التوازنات الدولية والإقليمية وحالة التراجع التي يعيشها الكيان الصهيوني. ولا تغرّنكم حالة انهيار بعض الأعراب أمام هذا الكيان، فهؤلاء مصيرهم مرتبط بهذه المنظومة الاستعمارية وليس بمقدورهم تعديل موازين القوى بشكل حقيقي، ويصحّ فيهم القول الشعبي: «عصفور يسند زرزور».

بالإضافة إلى ما تَقدَّم، إذا ما وضعنا الحصار المفروض على قوى المقاومة الفلسطينية في إطاره الأوسع كجزء من الحرب المفروضة على كلّ قوى المقاومة في الإقليم أحزاباً ودولاً، كما نوّهنا في الفقرة السابقة، يصير فكّ الحصار عن غزة مصلحة مشتركة لكلّ هذه الأطراف مجتمعة، ويستدعي العمل من جهة الفصائل الإسلامية والوطنية الفلسطينية على محاولة صياغة استراتيجية موحّدة مع كلّ قوى المقاومة في الإقليم. ندرك كون هذا الأمر يلزمه جولات وجولات من التباحث، وكون أيّ استراتيجية لفكّ الحصار بالتوافق مع القوى الداعمة ستكون من طبيعة الاستراتيجيات المتوسّطة المدى، لكن هذا يظلّ أجدى من الدخول في مغامرات غير محسوبة العواقب كالانتخابات، التي لن تؤدي إلّا إلى المزيد من إضاعة الوقت بحسب أكثر التقديرات تفاؤلاً.

خاتمة

حصار قوى المقاومة في غزة ليس بالأمر الثانوي ضمن استراتيجية العدو، لهذا لا يُتوقع أن تفلح الخطوات الملتوية ولا الهروب من حقيقة الأمر في فكّه، ويلزم لذلك خطوات من شأنها تبديل المعادلات على الأرض، ومشروع وطني متكامل. واليوم، أمام الشعب الفلسطيني فرصة واقعية لفرض الانسحاب على الكيان الصهيوني من أراضي الـ67 عبر انتفاضة ثالثة، وهذا من شأنه بلا شك تبديل كل التوازنات القائمة، وما تمّ طرحه في هذا المقال هو عبارة عن أفكار للنقاش والتداول كون الأمر يحتاج إلى العديد من العقول للخروج باستراتيجية مجدية. يقول المثل الإنكليزي: «يُغَلِّف الموت بالسُّكَّر»، كناية عن عدم مواجهة الأمور على حقيقتها، وهذا ما حاول هذا المقال تفاديه بدلاً من تبسيط الوضع القائم وتقديم حلول ظاهرها سهل وباطنها فشل، وتبقى هذه هي ضريبة التحرير والمقاومة التي لا مناص من دفعها.

* كاتب فلسطيني وباحث سياسي

انتخابات فلسطينيّة تحاكي الجنون

انتخابات فلسطينيّة تحاكي الجنون
فلسطيني يستخدم المقلاع لرشق الحجارة خلال مواجهات بين المتظاهرين وقوات الاحتلال في الضفة الغربية ضدّ مصادرة الأراضي (أ ف ب )
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الجمعة 5 شباط 2021

«الجنون هو أن تكرّر الفعل نفسه أكثر من مرّة وتتوقّع نتائج مغايرة». يُنسب هذا الاقتباس خطأ إلى آينشتاين، لكن بغضّ النظر عمّن كان قائله الحقيقي، لعلّه أفضل ما يُوَصِّف حالة انتخابات المجلس التشريعي الفلسطيني المزمع إجراؤها قريباً. لقد وقع الانقسام الفلسطيني، أصلاً، على ضوء نتائج انتخابات عام 2006 التشريعية، وكنتيجة لتباين النظرة بشأن الاستراتيجيات بين حركتَي «حماس» و«فتح»، ومنذ ذلك الحين، لم يطرأ أيّ تغيير على الظروف الداخلية الفلسطينية من ناحية المواقف، ولا الرؤى تجاه المشروع الوطني الفلسطيني، ولا الموقفان الخارجيان الدولي والعربي قد تبدّلا بشيء. بل على العكس، زاد انحدار السلطة الفلسطينية وارتباطها بالاحتلال داخلياً، وزاد الموقفان الدولي والعربي نكراناً للحق الفلسطيني وصلفاً تجاه القوى الفلسطينية عموماً، فكيف إذن يمكن توقّع أن تكون نتائج الانتخابات الجديدة أفضل من سابقتها، وأن تؤدّي إلى مصالحة فلسطينية؟ فما الذي يبتغيه، إذن، كلّ طرف من هذه الانتخابات بعيداً عن الشعارات المعلنة وحملات العلاقات العامّة؟ وما هو الحل للخروج من حالتَي المراوحة والتيه الواضحتين في الوضع الفلسطيني؟


السلطة الفلسطينية

مع إعلان الإدارة الأميركية السابقة عن صفقة القرن، هذه الصفقة التي تمثل التوجه الحقيقي للإدارات الأميركية المتعاقبة، وما تلاها من إفصاح الكيان الصهيوني عن مسعاه لضمّ أراضي الضفّة الغربية، ناهيك بسَنّ قوانين يهودية الدولة التي تهدّد أصل وجود فلسطينيّي أراضي الـ48 في ديارهم، ظهر بصيص أمل ولو كان ضئيلاً عن احتمالية كون السلطة قد استفادت من تجربتها الكارثية، خلال الأعوام الثلاثين الماضية، عندما أعلن محمود عباس عدم الالتزام بمخرجات أوسلو ووقف التنسيق الأمني، وقيل حينها إنّه يمكن التوافق بين سائر القوى الفلسطينية على أرضية الحدّ الأدنى في مقاومة الاحتلال على أساس المقاومة الشعبية. وعلى وقْع ذلك، تمّ عقد اجتماع أمناء الفصائل في بيروت، لكن سرعان ما تبدّد الأمل في أي تبدّل ولو كان طفيفاً في أداء السلطة، فقد استمرت السلطة في التعاون الكامل مع قوات الاحتلال بهدف إحباط أيّ محاولة لمقاومة الاحتلال، وتابعت قمع أيّ حراك شعبي على الأرض مهما كان سلمياً، وحتى مجرّد التظاهرة الشعبية السلمية للتضامن مع الأسير المضرب عن الطعام آنذاك، ماهر الأخرس، تمّ قمعها دون هوادة. وتبع ذلك تصريح حسين الشيخ مستهزِئاً بعقول كلّ الشعب الفلسطيني بلا استثناء، عندما أعلن ما أسماه «انتصار الشعب الفلسطيني» وعودة التنسيق الأمني رسمياً (ويا دار ما دخلك شر).
لقد بات جلياً من طريقة تعاطي السلطة الفلسطينية مع الواقع الفلسطيني، أنّ وظيفتها صارت محصورة بأمرين لا ثالث لهما؛ الأول: تحصيل المخصّصات، والآخر: تمهيد الأرضية في الضفة الغربية – بعلم أو بدون علم – كي يُنجِز الاحتلال مشروعه بابتلاع ما بقي من أراضي الضفة عبر منعها لأيّ شكل من أشكال المقاومة أو الحراك من أجل التصدّي لخطوات الاحتلال التي يستمر بتنفيذها على أرض الواقع. وكلّ حديث عن مشروع وطني فلسطيني لدى السلطة ما هو إلا صرخات في البرّية، فحتى من كان يؤمن بطريق المفاوضات لتحصيل حقوقه لا يعمد إلى تجريد نفسه من كلّ ما لديه من أوراق ضغط أو تفاوض من تلقاء ذاته. وعلى هذا، صارت السلطة الفلسطينية تحاكي حكومة فيشي الفرنسية أو جيش لحد الجنوبي مع فارق أنّه كان لهذين الأخيرين مشروع، بغضّ النظر عن رأينا في مشروعيهما، بينما لا يوجد أي أفق مستقبلي أو مشروع للسلطة الفلسطينية، هذه ليست توصيفات يمكن إطلاقها بِخِفّة أو من باب الشعبوية، ولا هي دعوة إلى الاقتتال الداخلي الذي يجب اجتنابه بأيّ ثمن، ولا سيما في ظلّ وجود الاحتلال، لكن هذا توصيف لواقع حال يجب أن يؤخذ في الحسبان عند تقدير أيّ موقف.
وإذا ما ألقينا نظرة فاحصة، نجد أنّ السلطة فعلياً باتت تمثّل مشروع الفلسطيني المهزوم. لذلك، نجد محمود عباس يقول إنّه سيفاوض ويستمر بالمفاوضات والاستجداء عساه يُحصِّل شيئاً من الحقوق الفلسطينية، ويُعلّل ذلك بكون الفلسطيني جرّب الطرق الأخرى ولم يحصل على مراده لأنّ الظروف الدولية والإقليمية والداخلية في غير مصلحته، بحسب فهمه غير الدقيق ولا الواقعي. لكن يغيب عن هذا التصوّر أنّه حتى خيار الاستسلام غير متاح للفلسطيني الموجود في الضفة وأراضي الـ48، فالكيان الصهيوني لم يَعُد يخفي مشروعه في هضم أراضي الضفة وترحيل سكانها عاجلاً أم آجلاً، وربما يكون مردّ التشويش في هذا التصوّر تجاهل أصل المشروع الصهيوني الذي هو مشروع إحلالي يقوم على اقتلاع السكان الأصليين للأرض وإحلال المستوطنين مكانهم، وقد ساعد في ظهور هذا التصوّر بروز بعض الأطروحات المشوِّهة لحقيقة الصراع من قبيل نظريات الفصل العنصري (الأبارتايد)، أو أنّ القضية الفلسطينية هي قضية كرامة أو مساواة. لكنّ المفارقة، هنا، أنّ خيار الاستسلام ربما يكون متاحاً لأهالي غزّة إذا ارتضوا العيش بذلّة تحت سيطرة الصهيوني، وليس لباقي سكّان المناطق الأخرى في أرض فلسطين. نكتفي بهذا القدر كي لا نستطرد عن أصل النقاش الحالي أكثر.

بناءً على هذا العرض، يمكن الخلوص إلى كون هدف محمود عباس والسلطة عموماً من إجراء الانتخابات هو تجديد شرعيتها، أو أخذ البيعة من حركة «حماس» وباقي الفصائل، بتأييد خطّها السياسي إن صحّ وصفه بالخط سياسي، ومن ثم لتعود إلى دوّامة ما يسمونه مفاوضات سلام وبلا أيّ أفق طبعاً، بينما تواصل تأدية دورها الوظيفي في تأمين الحماية لقوات الاحتلال والمستوطنين، ريثما يُجْهِز الكيان الصهيوني على باقي أراضي الضفة وعلى الوجود السكاني لأهالي الضفة وأراضي الـ48.

«حماس» وفصائل المقاومة

تمرّ «حماس» بأزمة خيارات واضحة وحقيقية، بسبب إخفاقها في فكّ الحصار عن قطاع غزة، هذا الحصار الذي تشارك فيه السلطة ذاتها وبعض الدول العربية المتواطئة، والذي بات يشكّل عبئاً على أهالي القطاع ويتسبّب في عجز الحكم في غزة عن تأمين الكثير من الحاجيات الأولية للغزّيين، ناهيكم بتعطيل حركة الدخول والخروج من وإلى القطاع، ما حوَّل قطاع غزة إلى سجن مفتوح بكل معنى الكلمة. ويمكن المحاجّة بأنّ منشأ الحصار كان بسبب تقدير «حماس» الاستراتيجي الخاطئ الذي خاضت بموجبه الانتخابات التشريعية في عام 2006، التي لم تؤمّن للحركة أي حصانة ولا هي حمت ظهرها كما كان مرجواً، لكن بعيداً عن كلّ هذا النقاش يبقى الاحتلال هو مصدر الحصار الأول والأخير، ومفتاح فكّه ليس مع أحد سواه، لا مع السلطة ولا مع تلك الدول العربية المتواطئة، وهذا أمر أساسي لا يصحّ تجاهله عند صياغة أي استراتيجية لفكّ الحصار.

بناءً على ما سلف، يمكن استنتاج أنّ «حماس» تأمل من دخول الانتخابات فكّ الحصار أو تخفيفه على أقلّ تقدير، وهذا بالتالي يطرح فرضيّتين: إما دخول «حماس» الانتخابات على أساس المغالبة، وإمّا خوضها على أساس المشاركة بصيغة قائمة مشتركة مع «فتح» أو بصيغة أخرى يُتّفَق عليها.

فإذا كانت الانتخابات مغالبة، واستطاعت «حماس» الفوز بالأكثرية، عندها نكون أمام تكرار سيناريو عام 2006 بحذافيره، طالما لا تغيير في المواقف الداخلية للأطراف ولا تبديل للمواقف الدولية كما ذكرنا. وأما إذا كانت الانتخابات بالمشاركة وارتضت «حماس» أن تكون أقلية، أو إذا ما فشلت في تحقيق الأغلبية بالمغالبة ففي الحالتين ستتحوّل إلى معارضة ضمن منظومة أوسلو، وعندها ستكون ملزمة باللعب وفق قواعدِه، وفي ظلّ وجود خطّين متوازيين على الساحة الفلسطينية لا يتقاطعان، أحدهما بات مرتبطاً بالاحتلال عضوياً وبالطبيعة لا يؤمِن بأيّ شكل من أشكال مجابهة الاحتلال حتى ولو كانت سلمية، والآخر يؤمِن بالمقاومة كسبيل لاستعادة الحقوق.

فستجد «حماس» وسائر فصائل المقاومة نفسها أمام ذات المعضلة الحالية، لكن هذه المرة ستكون قد منحت للطرف المقابل ذخيرة جديدة للاستقواء عليها، فهي ستكون مطالبة داخلياً ودولياً باحترام نتائج الانتخابات وتسليم قطاع غزة قبل أيّ تخفيف للحصار. وهنا لن ينفع التذاكي فالحصار مفتاحه مع الاحتلال والآخرون هم مجرد تفصيل كما جادلنا، وتسليم القطاع لدى الكيان الصهيوني يعني تسليم كلّ فصائل المقاومة لسلاحها الموجود فوق الأرض وتحت الأرض ولا شيء دون ذلك.

لكن يردُّ البعض بأنّ دخول الانتخابات يمكن أن يمنح «حماس» وسائر فصائل المقاومة وضعاً في الداخل الفلسطيني يماثل وضع حزب الله في لبنان، وهنا يمكن قول الآتي: من الصعب مقارنة وضع قطاع غزة وحال فصائله بالحالة اللبنانية، لا من ناحية وجود سوريا على الحدود اللبنانية التي لا تشارك في حصار لبنان، والتي فوق ذلك تشكّل خطّ إمداد لحزب الله منها وعبرها، ولا من ناحية قوة حزب الله الذي بلغ مرحلة من القدرة التسليحية يستطيع معها تبديل معادلات إقليمية. ومع هذا، يجب الانتباه إلى أنّ من يطْبِق الحصار على غزّة هو الكيان الصهيوني بشكل مباشر، بينما يعدّ الأميركي الوحيد الذي لديه قدرة على ممارسة أشكال من الحصار على لبنان. وكان الأميركي يتَّبِع في الفترات الماضية استراتيجية المساكنة في لبنان لحسابات معقّدة ومخاوف لديه لا مجال لذكرها هنا، بينما تخلّى اليوم عن فكرة المساكنة، وهذا ما يفسر الضغط الاقتصادي الذي يمرّ به لبنان بالأساس، بالإضافة إلى عوامل داخلية لبنانية أخرى مساعِدة. وخلاصة القول أنّ جميع قوى المقاومة في الإقليم تتعرّض، اليوم، لحصار مالي واقتصادي تتفاوت فعاليته وآثاره تبَعاً لظروف كلّ فصيل وجغرافياً موقع تواجده.

الخروج من حالة المراوحة

استعرضنا في ما سبق كيف أنّ دخول «حماس» الانتخابات لن يفضي إلى حلٍّ لحصار غزة، بل يرجّح أن يؤدّي إلى نتائج عكسية تعود بالضرر على المقاومة الفلسطينية. هذا ولم نفصل في المخاطر على المشروع الوطني الفلسطيني وثوابته وأهدافه لضيق المساحة. وقبل الخوض في الحلول، يجب الاعتراف بداية بأنّ إيجاد حلّ لأزمة غزة ليس بالأمر الهيّن كون الحصار مرتبطاً أولاً وأخيراً بالاحتلال ذاته وما هو إلّا أحد أعراضه، وهو ضريبة تدفعها قوى المقاومة إلى جانب ضرائب أخرى كثيرة يتحمّلها كلّ من يسعى إلى التحرير كما جادلنا. لكن يجب أيضاً الإشارة إلى أمر آخر جدير بالانتباه، وهو سماح كيان الاحتلال لقدر من المساعدات المالية بالوصول إلى سلطة رام الله، وحتى قطاع غزّة، كلّما أوشك الوضع على الانهيار، سواءً في الضفة أو قطاع غزة. وهذا يشير بوضوح إلى أنّ ما يخشاه العدو هو حصول انفجار في أيٍّ من هاتين الساحتين، ويبدو أنّ العدو بات مدركاً لمكامن ضعفه واختلال موازين القوى لغير مصلحته أكثر من إدراك بعض الفلسطينيين لهذه الوقائع، فنجد بنيامين نتنياهو يتراجع عن قراره الذي استثمر فيه كثيراً بإعلان ضمّ أراضي الضفة الغربية تحسّباً لانفجار الانتفاضة في أراضي الـ67، بناءً على تقديرات أجهزته الأمنية ولا شيء سوى ذلك، وهذا يدحض الفكرة القائلة بكون الضفة مترهّلة وغير حاضرة للتحرّك شعبياً. صحيح أنّ الحراك الشعبي دونه صعاب عديدة، أوّلها وجود جيش من مخبري أجهزة السلطة الذين باتوا يأتمرون بأمر الشاباك مباشرة، لكن هل يُعقل أن تعدم الفصائل الوسيلة في تحريك الشارع؟

وفي المقابل، فليس مردّ التذمّر الشعبي ضيق الحال المعيشي فقط، لكنّ حالتَي السكون والمراوحة اللتين يعيشهما الوضع الفلسطيني هما سببان لا يمكن تجاهلهما، حيث كون هذا الوضع يوحي بانسداد الأفق على الصعيد الوطني، وفي هذه الحالة تطفو المصاعب المعيشية على السطح لتأخذ موقع الصدارة على القضايا الوطنية الأخرى. وهذه ليست دعوة للهروب إلى الأمام كما ربما سيحاجج البعض، فأيّ حراك شعبي في الضفة هذه المرة ستكون حظوظه في فرض الانسحاب على كيان الاحتلال من أراضي الـ67 مرتفعة للغاية، بناءً على استقراء التوازنات الدولية والإقليمية وحالة التراجع التي يعيشها الكيان الصهيوني. ولا تغرّنكم حالة انهيار بعض الأعراب أمام هذا الكيان، فهؤلاء مصيرهم مرتبط بهذه المنظومة الاستعمارية وليس بمقدورهم تعديل موازين القوى بشكل حقيقي، ويصحّ فيهم القول الشعبي: «عصفور يسند زرزور».
بالإضافة إلى ما تَقدَّم، إذا ما وضعنا الحصار المفروض على قوى المقاومة الفلسطينية في إطاره الأوسع كجزء من الحرب المفروضة على كلّ قوى المقاومة في الإقليم أحزاباً ودولاً، كما نوّهنا في الفقرة السابقة، يصير فكّ الحصار عن غزة مصلحة مشتركة لكلّ هذه الأطراف مجتمعة، ويستدعي العمل من جهة الفصائل الإسلامية والوطنية الفلسطينية على محاولة صياغة استراتيجية موحّدة مع كلّ قوى المقاومة في الإقليم. ندرك كون هذا الأمر يلزمه جولات وجولات من التباحث، وكون أيّ استراتيجية لفكّ الحصار بالتوافق مع القوى الداعمة ستكون من طبيعة الاستراتيجيات المتوسّطة المدى، لكن هذا يظلّ أجدى من الدخول في مغامرات غير محسوبة العواقب كالانتخابات، التي لن تؤدي إلّا إلى المزيد من إضاعة الوقت بحسب أكثر التقديرات تفاؤلاً.

خاتمة

حصار قوى المقاومة في غزة ليس بالأمر الثانوي ضمن استراتيجية العدو، لهذا لا يُتوقع أن تفلح الخطوات الملتوية ولا الهروب من حقيقة الأمر في فكّه، ويلزم لذلك خطوات من شأنها تبديل المعادلات على الأرض، ومشروع وطني متكامل. واليوم، أمام الشعب الفلسطيني فرصة واقعية لفرض الانسحاب على الكيان الصهيوني من أراضي الـ67 عبر انتفاضة ثالثة، وهذا من شأنه بلا شك تبديل كل التوازنات القائمة، وما تمّ طرحه في هذا المقال هو عبارة عن أفكار للنقاش والتداول كون الأمر يحتاج إلى العديد من العقول للخروج باستراتيجية مجدية. يقول المثل الإنكليزي: «يُغَلِّف الموت بالسُّكَّر»، كناية عن عدم مواجهة الأمور على حقيقتها، وهذا ما حاول هذا المقال تفاديه بدلاً من تبسيط الوضع القائم وتقديم حلول ظاهرها سهل وباطنها فشل، وتبقى هذه هي ضريبة التحرير والمقاومة التي لا مناص من دفعها.

مقالات ذات صلة



Zionists’ Efforts to Coopt the BLM Movement: Can Racists Be Anti-Racist?

February 14, 2021

Palestinian artists painting George Floyed on the walls on UNRWA office, in Gaza. (Photo: via UNRWA Website)

By Benay Blend

On February 6, 2021, Black Lives Matter co-founder Alicia Garza announced that she was pulling out of a World Values Network online gala with Rabbi Shmuley Boteach, a prominent American Zionist.

“They approached me about having a conversation about the importance of solidarity between black communities and Jewish communities,” she explained, then thanked Palestinian American activist Linda Sarsour for amplifying the larger picture.

According to journalist Michael Brown, Garza has a history of denouncing other public figures who joined propaganda trips to Israel. Boteach’s gala, Brown continued, appears just as egregious, for it “follow[s] Boteach’s years of backing the racist Donald Trump, thereby making a mockery of the efforts promoted by Black leaders and the wider Black community to advance racial justice and decolonization.”

Placed within a larger context, Boteach’s move comes at a time when Zionists are increasingly fearful of the Boycott, Divestment Sanctions Movement (BDS)’s success. Coupled with the International Criminal Court (ICC)’s decision to investigate Israel for War Crimes, any support for Palestinian rights will undoubtedly come under attack.

There is a long history of Pan-African support for Palestine which has resulted in Zionists denouncing that alignment. In a lecture series “Palestine and Us: Black and Palestinian Solidarity,” Ahmad Abuznaid traced the history of Black support for Palestine as well as the fall-out from it. Referring to Malcolm X’s Zionist Logic (1964), Abuznaid explained that this statement drew from Malcolm X’s shift from Black Nationalist to a more Pan-Africanist position, particularly after he saw connections between Pan-Arabists, represented by Egypt’s Gamal Abdel Nasser, and Pan-Africanists that he was beginning to support.

After the 1967 war, Black Radicals began to move away from seeing Zionism as a liberation movement to viewing it as a colonialist venture, much like the colonialism that was oppressing Africans around the world. Following in this direction, Ethel Minor, a leader in the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), wrote a piece in their newsletter entitled “Third World Round-up: The Palestine Problem: Test Your Knowledge,” leading to a split between those, like Kwame Ture (Stokely Carmichael) who would continue to support Palestine on principle, and others who feared that without taking a more “balanced position,” one that included mention of the Holocaust, there would be loss of funding.

Indeed, as Ture made clear“immediately after the statement, phone calls rang in and the checks stopped coming.” Today, organizations, politicians and others who depend on funding are leery of taking a principled stance on Palestine, because, much like what happened with SNCC, Zionist supporters will use whatever means necessary to launch a targeted smear campaign of anyone who is critical of the Israeli state.

For example, in the aftermath of the Black Lives Matter movement’s 2014 platform that denounced the US government’s military aid to Israel, there were claims of “one-sided” and “unfair” from pro-Israel commentators who rejected the coalition’s critique. Several years before B’tselem’s quite similar statement, which was either ignored completely or applauded for its courage, BLM charged the following:

“The US justifies and advances the global war on terror via its alliance with Israel and is complicit in the genocide taking place against the Palestinian people. Israel is an apartheid state with over 50 laws on the books that sanction discrimination against the Palestinian people.”

The BLM platform also drew ire for its support of BDS. Fear of its success continues to motivate Zionists into the present time. In a piece for Haaretz, Rabbi Dan Dorsch of Atlanta declared that the mainstream Jewish community, and also Palestinian Government officials, have rejected BDS.

He continued that connecting the Black struggle in American to that of Palestinians is “unquestionably shortsighted and will only undermine the credibility of the movement and the important cause of civil rights in America”.

Like several years before, when pro-Israel donors withdrew their funds from SNCC, Rabbi Dorsch was warning that the pattern would continue as long as BLM lent its support to Palestine. Returning to the question of whether Zionists can be anti-racist, the short answer is an emphatic “no.” Quoting a message from Jewish Voice for Peace: “If you oppose racism, you should oppose Zionism too.”

As BDS successes grow and the ICC moves closer to investigate Israel for war crimes, pro-Israel groups will increasingly try to sever anti-racist movements in the US from their ties to Palestinians. Nevertheless, given several factors—the historic connections between Palestine and anti-colonial movements around the world, coupled with the waning acceptance of Progressive Except Palestine–Israel will not succeed.

For example, in a recent article Ramzy Baroud noted that

“Israeli efforts at co-opting Africa countries received a major setback on Saturday, February, 6 when the African Union issued a strong statement of solidarity with Palestine, condemning Israel’s illegal settlement activities and the US’s so-called ‘Deal of the Century’.”

In return, Palestinians have supported movements against injustice around the globe. Documenting a new round of Palestinian uprisings within the Zionist entity, Gaza-based journalist Wafaa Al-Udaini chose to use a photo from another protest against the Israeli regime.

Dating back a year to the shooting of Iyad al-Halak, an unarmed autistic Palestinian man, Palestinians in the picture also hold signs calling attention to the killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis the previous week, an extralegal murder that they link with al-Halak.

While Palestinians understand the connections between their struggles and anti-colonial movements in other countries, many liberals in the U.S. do not. Nevertheless, as Marc Lamont Hill and Mitchell Plitnick outline in their new book, Except for Palestine: The Limits of Progressive Politics, the days are over when so-called progressive public figures can join the anti-racist struggle at home while accepting gifts from Zionist organizations who fully support the Israeli apartheid state.

As Sarah Doyel notes in her review of Hill and Plitnick’s book, the authors observe that

“Democrats will take to the global stage to champion victims of other humanitarian crises, but Palestinians in Gaza living in what is commonly described as ‘the world’s largest open-air prison’ somehow merit little succor in the liberal worldview.”

Their work, Doyel concludes, is “a crucial and ultimately hopeful tool that better equips progressives to combat injustices within their own political circles.” Combined with the work of members of anti-colonial coalitions, some of whom convinced Alicia Garza to withdraw from Shmuley’s gala, perhaps anti-Zionists in the future will be strong enough to resist what will surely be increasing attacks on their political alignment with Palestinians.

– Benay Blend earned her doctorate in American Studies from the University of New Mexico. Her scholarly works include Douglas Vakoch and Sam Mickey, Eds. (2017), “’Neither Homeland Nor Exile are Words’: ‘Situated Knowledge’ in the Works of Palestinian and Native American Writers”. She contributed this article to The Palestine Chronicle.

Israel will pull out all the stops to avoid facing war crimes charges

An ICC ruling has panicked Israeli officials who can now be investigated, but they will likely respond with intensified threats 

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is gaza%20rubble%202014%20afp.jpg
A Palestinian girl walks on the rubble around her family’s home in Gaza in 2014 (AFP)
Jonathan CookJonathan Cook, a British journalist based in Nazareth since 2001, is the the author of three books on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He is a past winner of the Martha Gellhorn Special Prize for Journalism. His website and blog can be found at: http://www.jonathan-cook.net

Jonathan Cook

11 February 2021 11:04 UTC 

Israel has been sent into a tailspin by a ruling last week from the war crimes court in The Hague. Senior Israeli officials, including possibly Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, can now be held accountable for violations of the laws of war in the occupied Palestinian territories.

The decision by judges at the International Criminal Court  (ICC) does not ensure Israelis will be put on trial for war crimes – not yet, at least. But after years of delay, it does settle the question of whether the Palestinian territories of East Jerusalem, the West Bank and Gaza fall under the court’s jurisdiction. They do, say the judges. 

While Israel is only too aware of what its top war crimes suspects have been up to, Netanyahu is right to observe that last week’s ruling by the ICC is a political one

Perhaps the most preposterous – if entirely predictable – of the reactions to the ICC’s decision came from Netanyahu himself. 

That the door is now open for Israelis to be investigated for war crimes is the reason Israeli leaders from across the political spectrum responded so angrily to the ruling. The court’s chief prosecutor has already completed a preliminary inquiry, in which she concluded there was a legal basis for a full investigation.

At the weekend, he falsely declared in a video in English, intended for foreign audiences, that the ICC was investigating Israel for what he called “fake war crimes” – and then attributed its imagined actions to “pure antisemitism”. He also threw in a reference to the Nazi Holocaust for good measure.

There was no little irony to his claims. On Friday, Netanyahu denounced the judges’ ruling as proving that the ICC was “a political body and not a judicial institution”. In fact, it is Netanyahu who is playing politics, by character-assassinating the court in what should be a purely legal and judicial matter. He hopes to use antisemitism smears, Israel’s favoured tactic, to keep the ICC’s investigators at bay. 

Court officials have already shown an interest in pursuing three separate lines of inquiry: Israel’s attacks on Gaza that have left large numbers of Palestinian civilians dead; the repeated lethal shooting of Palestinian protesters at Gaza’s perimeter fence; and decades of illegal Israeli settlement-building on occupied land, which has often entailed the ethnic cleansing of Palestinians.

Attack on aid boat

Whatever Netanyahu’s current protestations, the truth is that Israel’s own legal teams have long advised that its military commanders, government ministers and senior administrators are vulnerable to prosecution. That is why they have travelled for many years with a special “panic button” on their phones to alert local diplomatic staff of the threat of arrest at a foreign airport. 

Just such an incident occurred in 2013, when former navy commander Eli Marom hit the button after he wrongly suspected border officials at London’s Heathrow airport were preparing to arrest him under so-called “universal jurisdiction” laws.

Three years earlier, Marom had approved a lethal attack in international waters by navy commandos on an aid convoy of ships trying to break Israel’s blockade of Gaza.

Demonstrators chant slogans during a 2016 rally in Istanbul, Turkey, marking the sixth anniversary of the 2010 Mavi Marmara flotilla incident (AFP)
Demonstrators chant slogans during a 2016 rally in Istanbul, Turkey, marking the sixth anniversary of the 2010 Mavi Marmara flotilla incident (AFP)

Marom had reason to be nervous. Earlier, in 2005, a retired general, Doron Almog, hid on an El Al plane for two hours after landing at Heathrow before quickly taking off again, to avoid a UK arrest warrant over the demolition of 59 Palestinian homes. Scotland Yard reportedly allowed Almog to escape rather than engage in a gun battle trying to arrest him.

In fact, Israel knows enough about which of its senior officials have broken international law – and how – that last summer it compiled a secret list of hundreds who were most likely to be investigated for war crimes.  

Bid to terrorise court

But while Israel is only too aware of what its top war crimes suspects have been up to, Netanyahu is right to observe that last week’s ruling by the ICC is a political one. 

In fact, the court’s treatment of Israel has been deeply mired in politics ever since the Palestinian Authority acceded to the ICC in 2015. Western allies have sought repeatedly to intimidate and strong-arm the court to ensure Israeli officials are not tried for war crimes.The PA, the ICC and Israel

It is no coincidence that ICC judges found the backbone to assert jurisdiction over the occupied territories immediately after Donald Trump stepped down as US president. His administration had waged a campaign to intimidate the court, which included a ban on ICC staff entering the US and threats to freeze their assets.

The timing of the ICC’s ruling may also be related to the fact that its chief prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, is due to quit her post in a few months. She is unlikely to launch any investigations of Israelis before then, leaving the task to her successor.

Such a delay will buy Israel more time. And under an onslaught of pressure, the new chief prosecutor may be persuaded that Israel – despite decades of law-breaking – is not a high enough priority to justify the court’s limited resources. 

Campaigning begins 

Just such a campaign has already begun. On Sunday, the Israeli foreign ministry sent an urgent, classified cable to dozens of its ambassadors, urging them to recruit their respective capitals to a campaign to put pressure on the ICC.

On Monday, Foreign Minister Gabi Ashkenazi – a former military chief of staff who is almost certainly on Israel’s secret list of war crimes suspects – rang his counterparts in foreign capitals, urging them to help. That will likely include lobbying for a more sympathetic chief prosecutor to replace Bensouda.

There will continue to be many large obstacles – few of them related to law – that need to be dealt with before any Israelis end up in the dock at The Hague

Israeli media reported security sources as saying that several ICC member states had already agreed to tip Israel off should they learn that any arrest warrants have been issued against Israelis.

Already, the Biden administration in the US, Germany and the Australian government, stalwart defenders of Israel, have issued denunciations of the ICC decision – and implicitly the international norms of war the court is supposed to uphold. 

Responding to Germany’s attack on the court, Hanan Ashrawi, a former senior Palestinian official, tweeted on Tuesday: “So your ‘legal view’ supersedes the ruling of the ICC judges and the resolutions of the UN [General Assembly]? No self-respecting state should accept instructions from (or intimidation by) Israel.”

Other states, with their own self-interested calculations, may soon follow suit. Those that have allied themselves most closely with the US-led “war on terror”, including the UK, have every reason to ensure that Israel – a state very much in the “western diplomatic club” – is not held to account for war crimes of the kind they too have committed. They prefer that the ICC continues to limit its indictments to African leaders. 

Behind-the-scenes lobbying and intimidation may explain the seemingly perverse reasoning of the ICC in December to close its investigation of UK officials without issuing any indictments. It did so even while accepting that British forces had likely committed war crimes in Iraq. Israel may hope for a similar, fudged reprieve.

Shielding Israel

The reality is that the case against Israel was always going to depend on political factors far more than legal ones once it became vulnerable to investigation. But the shielding of Israel over war crimes was evident long before Palestine’s ratification of the Rome Statute in 2015.

Six years earlier, for example, Israel orchestrated a campaign of intimidation against a celebrated South African jurist, Richard Goldstone, over the report of his UN committee into Israel’s 2009 attack on Gaza. The report found Israel and Hamas responsible for committing war crimes, and possibly even graver crimes against humanity.

Richard Goldstone, the UN investigator who probed the 2009 Gaza conflict, attends a media conference in Geneva in July 2009 (AFP)
Richard Goldstone, the UN investigator who probed the 2009 Gaza conflict, attends a media conference in Geneva in July 2009 (AFP)

Goldstone repudiated his strongest findings months later after the personal campaign against him culminated in the South African Zionist Federation barring him from attending his grandson’s bar mitzvah.

Similarly, “universal jurisdiction” rules, which allow foreign citizens to seek the arrest of an official suspected of violating international law if his or her state refuses to adjudicate, have never been enforced in practice against Israelis. 

Foot-dragging by ICC

The ICC had an opportunity to investigate Israeli officials over the attack in international waters on the Mavi Marmara aid flotilla to Gaza in 2010. Ten Turkish civilians, one of whom was also an American citizen, were killed by Israeli commandos who boarded the ships. Israel is losing the fight to obscure its apartheid character

Instead, Bensouda chose in 2014 not to proceed with the case initiated by the Comoros, the flag under which the boat was sailing. In an appeal last year, ICC judges criticised her for a series of “errors” in reaching that decision, in refusing to reconsider after they mandated she do so, and in failing to investigate the incident again in 2019.

But the judges concluded it was “unclear” what power they themselves had to rectify these failings and so did not ask for a further review.

Delays and buck-passing have also plagued the ICC’s latest ruling. The court has been foot-dragging on jurisdiction issues ever since 2015. There will continue to be many large obstacles – few of them related to law – that need to be dealt with before any Israelis end up in the dock at The Hague.

Slivers of hope

Nonetheless, last week’s ruling offers Palestinians a few slivers of hope. It confirms that Israel’s battle to deny the Palestinian fight for statehood is not entirely going its way. And it suggests that the post-Trump political climate may turn out to be more stormy for Israel than expected. Its leaders may have to be slightly more cautious about the scale and visibility of the war crimes they approve. 

The real test is whether it can rise above the name-calling and gaslighting to apply international law in a way that truly protects Palestinians

The court may settle to leave the sword of a possible investigation hanging over Israel, hoping that alone will be enough to curb Israel’s worst excesses, such as plans to annex swaths of the West Bank. 

Or the ICC may trust that its jurisdiction ruling will serve as a wake-up call to the Israeli Supreme Court, whose failures to enforce international law in the occupied territories paved the way to The Hague. But settling for any of these outcomes will be more evasion by the court, more playing politics. 

The test of whether the ICC is a judicial body rather than a political one is not, as Netanyahu demands, that it refuse to investigate Israel. The real test is whether it can rise above the name-calling and gaslighting to apply international law in a way that truly protects Palestinians. 

The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye.

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Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine 04-10 January 2021

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory 04-10 January 2021

Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine

04 – 10 February 2021

  • Palestinian killed by settlement guard in Mount Al-Risan
  • IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem: 19 Palestinians wounded, including six children
  • Four IOF shootings reported at agricultural lands, and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 95 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 95 civilians arrested, including 7 children
  • Two houses demolished; 21 residential tents, 11 barracks and sheep barn destroyed; and 4 pools and 3 wells razed in the West Bank
  • Settler-attacks: attacks on civilians across the West Bank, and a settler attacks the Romanian Orthodox Church in east Jerusalem
  • Collective punishment policy: house of Palestinian imprisoned by Israel was demolished
  • IOF established 69 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 13 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary                               

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians that are mostly conducted after midnight and in the early morning hours.

This week, a settler killed a Palestinian civilian at Mount al-Risan in Ramallah; and another settler attacked the Romanian Orthodox Church. Settlers also conducted wide scale attacks on Palestinian lands and houses and at intersections. Additionally, IOF conducted widescale demolition operations; and served demolition and cease-construction notices, mostly in the northern Jordan valleys, eastern West Bank.

This week, PCHR documented 209 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

On 05 February 2021, Israeli settler (security guard) killed Khaled Maher Nofal (32); the settler shot Nofal in Mount al-Risan area, western Ramallah. IOF announced that Nofal arrived at an Israeli farm and attempted to break into a house; quarreled with a settler before being shot. IOF also announced that Nofal did not carry any weapon.

Additionally, IOF shot and injured 19 civilians, including six children, in excessive use of force against civilians in the West Bank: 10 at two protests in Kafr Qaddum – Qalqilya; 3, including a child who was arrested after his injury, in Ramallah; 4, including a child, in Jenin; another Palestinian was injured after his arrest; two more children sustained injuries in Bethlehem.

In the Gaza Strip, four IOF shootings were reported on agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip, and twice at fishing boats off Gaza’s northern shore.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 95 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 95 Palestinians were arrested, including 7 children.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted 4 incursions into eastern Beit Hanoun, Deir al-Balah, Khan Younis and Rafah.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 12 incidents:

  • Hebron: an under-construction house was demolished; and 4 demolition notices were served, and 4 tents were demolished in al-Towana village.
  • Ramallah: 3 water wells demolished in Al-Mughayyir village.
  • Tubas: 12 residential tents demolished and confiscated; as well as 11 barracks and a sheep barn owned by 9 Palestinian families in Kherbet Yazra; also, 5 tents were removed in Kherbet Humsa in northern Jordan valleys.
  • Nablus: 13 demolition notices served (11 houses and 2 barracks) in Sarra.
  • East Jerusalem: abandoned house demolished in Sheikh Jarrah
  • Bethlehem: demolition notice (barracks used for cattle).
  • Jericho: 4 rainwater collection pools razed.
  • Salfit: 13 cease-construction notices served (11 houses, a playground, and a street).

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 9 settler-violence incidents:

  • East Jerusalem: attack on Romanian Orthodox Church
  • Nablus: assault on Khan al-Laban, and civilian houses in Asira al-Qibliya
  • Hebron: shepherds assaulted in al-Twana village
  • Salfit: 60 olive and citrus trees uprooted; Palestine TV crews assaulted while covering open media day
  • Ramallah: civilians assaulted in Sinjil
  • Bethlehem: settler scheme discovered to establish a community in al-Baidya al-Sahrqia

Collective Punishment:

Within the Israeli collective punishment policy practiced against Palestinians and the families of those accused of carrying out actions against IOF or settlers, on Wednesday, 10 February 2020, IOF demolished Mohammed Kabha’s house in Tura, Jenin. Kabha is imprisoned by Israel.

 Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity

  • On Friday dawn, 05 February 2021, Israeli settlers killed a Palestinian civilian after opening fire at him in Mount al-Risan area in Ras Karkar village, west of Ramallah. According to Israeli media, at approximately 03:30, Khaled Maher Nofal (32), from Ras Karkar village, arrived via his car at Sde Ephraim farm, which is established by Israeli settlers on Palestinians’ lands in Mount al-Risan area. Nofal attempted to enter an Israeli settler’s house, where hand-to-hand fighting occurred between Nofal and an Israeli settler. Meanwhile, another Israeli settler, a security guard in the area, opened fire at Nofal, killing him immediately. The Israeli authorities declared later that they did not find any weapons with Nofal.

Nofal’s family told PCHR’s fieldworker that at approximately 05:00, a large number of Israeli soldiers raided and searched their house and told them that Khaled sustained serious wounds, and he is receiving treatment at a hospital in Israel. IOF claimed that Nofal attempted to carry out an attack in an Israeli farm. IOF also asked Nofal’s father to look at his son clothes and belongings on an Israeli soldier’s cellphone. Nofal’s father and his son Mohammed were taken to the scene in Mount al-Risan area. Upon their arrival, they saw Khaled’s car parked there, but IOF did not allow them to see his corpse. Next day morning, the family received a phone call from the Palestinian Liaison office informing them that Khaled died, and IOF refused to deliver his corpse. It should be noted that Khaled was married with a 4-year-old child.

  • At approximately 07:55, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis, opened fire at agricultural lands, east of Abasan village; no causalities were reported.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of al-Showka village, opened fire at agricultural lands; no causalities were reported.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinian young men. IOF chased Palestinian young men gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired sponge bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, 5 civilians, including a child, were shot with rubber and sponge bullets in their lower limbs and one was shot in his back.
  • At approximately 14:30 on Friday, 05 February 2021, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Kafr Malik village, northeast of Ramallah, and stationed in the village’s eastern side. IOF deployed between Palestinians’ houses and indiscriminately fired teargas canisters at them, breaking solar heaters above ‘Abed al-Qader Sa’ied’s house. Also, dozens of civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation. During which, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF, who immediately responded with rubber bullets. Violent clashes erupted in the area, during which, Wesam Yousef ‘Aqel (17) headed towards the bypass road adjacent to the village. When he arrived there, IOF opened fire at him, wounding him with 2 live bullets in his foot and hand, and then arrested him. Wesam also sustained a teargas canister shrapnel wounds in his eye. At approximately 16:00, IOF released him and delivered him for the Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS)’s ambulance, which took him to Beit Jala Governmental Hospital for treatment. Medical sources classified his medical health as stable. Clashes between IOF and Palestinian young men continued until 17:30. During these clashes, IOF chased the stone-throwers and fired rubber bullets at them. As a result, a 24-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his foot and was taken to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah for treatment.
  • At approximately 18:30, IOF stationed on “60” street, which is located near “Ofra” settlement, east of Ramallah, opened fire at 3 civilians while present near the eastern entrance to Silwad village, near the mentioned street. As a result, a 22-year-old male, from Jalazone refugee camp, was shot with a live bullet in his left thigh, while another male sustained fractures in his foot. Both of them were taken to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah for treatment.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Saturday, 06 February 2021, IOF stationed in a military watchtower established at the entrance to Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, indiscriminately fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at Palestinian vehicles parked near the village’s entrance. IOF claimed that Palestinian young men threw stones at them. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation. Also, IOF closed the village’s entrance, established a checkpoint there, stopped Palestinians’ vehicles, and checked the passengers’ IDs.
  • At approximately 14:30 on Saturday, 06 February 2021, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinian young men. IOF chased Palestinian young men gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired sponge bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, 5 civilians, including a child, were shot with rubber and sponge bullets in their lower limbs; two of them were shot in their face and back.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and stationed in al-Nakhla neighborhood. IOF established military checkpoints at the neighborhood entrances, searched Palestinian civilians and checked their IDs. During which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones, Molotov Cocktails, and fireworks at IOF, who chased the protestors in the neighborhood and fired heavy rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. IOF withdrew later from the neighborhood; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:15 on Sunday, 07 February 2021, Israeli gunboats stationed off Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, opened sporadic fire around them and pumped water at them, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:20, IOF moved into Jenin and stationed in the Old City. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at IOF, who responded with live and rubber bullets, teargas canisters and sound bombs. As a result, 2 civilians, including a child, were shot with live bullets in their lower limbs. Also, IOF ran over another civilian, wounding him in his left ankle. The wounded civilians were taken to Dr. Khalil Suliman Hospital for treatment. Moreover, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot. During IOF incursion, they raided and searched Osama Hasan Naser Salah’s (25) house and arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 03:45 on Monday, 08 February 2021, IOF moved into Tal’at al-Khuboz area, southwest of Jenin, and topped houses’ roofs. Nour ‘Abed al-Kareem Mohammed al-Betawi (31) knew that IOF stationed near his 2-storey house, so he went up to the house roof to look at the soldiers. When he arrived at the roof, IOF stationed in a nearby house roof opened fire at him, wounding him with a live bullet in his chest from the left side, and 3 other bullets penetrated the house wall. Al-Betawi went down quickly to his wife, Nadiyia al-Betawi, and told her that he was wounded. Al-Betawi heard IOF entered his brothers Omar and Mahmoud’s house located in the ground floor, so he went down to them and told them he was wounded. Al-Betawi’s wife followed him while she was carrying her 4-month daughter and crying. IOF provided first aid to al-Betawi, arrested him, and threw a sound bomb in the house before leaving.

Nadiyia al-Betawi (23) said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: “At approximately 04:00 on Monday, my husband Nour ‘Abed al-Kareem Mohammed al-Betawi (31), our 4-month daughter and I were sleeping in our house located in Tal’at al-Khuboz area, southwest of Jenin. Our house is comprised of 2 floors; we live in the 1st floor while my brothers- in- law Omar and Mahmoud live in the ground floor. My husband woke me up and told me that IOF were present near the house. He got off the bed and went to the roof. Few minutes later, he returned and told me that he was wounded in his chest. I screamed for help, meanwhile, IOF entered our house and headed to the ground floor. My husband went down, and I followed him shouting “he was wounded”. The soldiers asked my husband how he was wounded. He told them by IOF soldiers on our neighbor’s roof. The soldiers provided first aid to him and I asked them to call an ambulance, but they fired a sound bomb at me while I was carrying my daughter. Fifteen minutes later, they arrested my husband and took him to an unknown destination. The following morning, I went up to the roof and I saw that 3 live bullets had penetrated the house wall. I informed the camp’s head about what happened, and she conducted many calls to help us, noting that my husband is not a wanted person and I do not know why IOF opened fire at him.” Also, IOF raided and searched Ahmed Marwan al-Ghoul’s (15) house in Jenin camp, and arrested him.

  • At approximately 07:30 on Monday, 08 February 2021, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis, opened fire at agricultural lands and Palestinian shepherds, east of al-Qarara village, no causalities were reported.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed near the annexation wall, near Barta’a military checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, opened fire at Palestinian workers who attempted to enter Israel through the wall holes for working. As a result, a 29-year-old male was shot with a live bullet in his foot and taken to Dr. Khalil Suliman Hospital for treatment.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Tuesday, 09 February 2021, a large number of Israeli soldiers and Special Forces moved into Dheisheh refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mostafa Ibrahim Da’amsah (21) and Islam Mohammed Sabateen (19). During which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered on Hebron-Jerusalem Street and threw empty bottles and Molotov cocktail at IOF, who attacked the protestors, chased them on the camp’s streets and fired heavy live bullets and sound bombs at them. As a result, a 17-year-old child was shot with a live bullet in his foot and taken to Beit Jala Hospital for treatment.
  • At approximately 08:40, Israeli gunboats stationed off Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, and off al-Sudaniyia Shore, west of Jabalia refugee camp, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, opened heavy fire around them until 10:00, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF moved into Tuqu village, east of Bethlehem. They established military checkpoints on the village’s main streets and stationed in the center of the village. Israeli soldiers topped Palestinians’ houses’ roofs. During which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF, who responded with live and rubber bullets and teargas canisters. Clashes between IOF and Palestinians continued for over 3 hours. As a result, Mahmoud Sameeh Sabbah (9) was hit with a teargas canister in his head and taken to a hospital for treatment. Also, dozens of civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation. IOF arrested Riyad Talal ‘Issa al-‘Amour (16) while walking on the street and withdrew later.
  • At approximately 15:00 on Wednesday, 10 February 2021, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis, opened fire at agricultural lands in ‘Abasan village; no causalities were reported.

Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 04 February 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Eizariya, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Alaa Bassam Odwan (26), Ashraf Mohammed al-Yassini (21) and Fares Ramzi Warny (17).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Deir Sammit southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Naji Saleem al-Horoub (24).
  • At approximately 01:55, IOF moved into Jaba’, south of Jenin. Dozens of civilians gather and threw stones at the Israeli vehicles. As a result, several civilians suffered teargas inhalation and treated on the spot. Meanwhile, IOF raided and searched several houses and arrested Mo’een Othman Hamamra (27), and Khaled Mohammed Fashafsha (62). Later, IOF released Fashafsha.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Hadaf neighborhood, west of Jenin. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ibrahim (32) and Amro Khaled Hammad (31) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00. IOF moved into Aida refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Fares Khader Zriena (21), and Malek Nayef Zboun (28).
  • At approximately 16:35, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint at the entrance of al-Nassariya village, in the middle valleys, north east of Nablus, north of the West Bank. IOF arrested (3) civilians; Abdallah Mohammed Meskawy (24), Sa’eed Abdullah Majdalawi (24), from Balata refugee camp, and Yousef Ahmed Masa’eed (23), from Tubas.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into Asira al-Shamaliya, north of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Esmat Jamil al-Shouli (72).
  • Around the same time, IOF arrested Ahmed Mahmoud Jouda al-Harami (24), from Abu Nujaym village, south east of Bethlehem, while present near “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of the city.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Beit Ummar, Samu, and Simia villages in Hebron governorate; Kafr Ra’i and Fahma villages in Jenin governorate. No arrested were reported.

Friday, 05 February 2021:

  • At approximately 23:00, IOF stationed at al-Za’eem military checkpoint, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Mahmoud Khalil al-Hadra (17), while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Qabalan, southeast of Nablus; Tura, and Nazlet Zeid, southwest of Jenin; Hebron and Taffuh in Hebron governorate. No arrested were reported.

Saturday, 06 February 2021:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Talal Yousef al-Sammak’s (40) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Sanniriya and Qalqilya. No arrested were reported.

Sunday, 07 February 2021:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Sami Obaid’s house and arrested his sons; Anwar (23) and Mohammed (16).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Obaidat neighborhood, in Jabel Mukaber, southeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yazan Arafat Obaidat (16) and Khaled Ibarhim Obaidat (23) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into Haris village, north of Salfit. They raided and searched Ra’ed Nayef Souf’s house, which contains 3-stories, in the western side of the village, and categorized into B Area. IOF took the measurements of the house without a known reason.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Deir Istiya, north of Salfit. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hosny Abdul Hadi Ajarma and Mohammed Abdul Raheem Zeidan, from al-Khayusa neighborhood in the western side of the city, which categorized into B Area. IOF took the measurements of the two houses; each has 3-stories, and claimed that they are updating the maps, and not a prelude to demolish it.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Nitham Abu Romouz (39), while present in the Aqsa Mosque, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and took him to al-Qishleh police center in the Old City. IOF handed him a decision that banning his entry to the Aqsa Mosque for a week. It should be noted that he was banned from entering the Aqsa Mosque several time, in total of 3 years in separate periods.
  • At approximately 14:20, IOF arrested Hosney Tareq Abed (21), from Beit Lid, south of Tulkarm, while passing through a checkpoint established near Abu Dis, while heading to Abu Dis University, east of Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF moved into Azzun, east of Qalqilya. IOF raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Mohammed Bassam Abu Haniya (22), Oday Samir Abu Haniya (24), and Adham Shaher Saleem (24).
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Jenin and Tura villages in Jenin governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 08 February 2021:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Bireh and stationed inside of the city. They raided and searched Mo’ayad Amjad al-Eryan’s (22) house and arrested him. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers who responded by firing teargas canisters and sound bombs and arrested (4) civilians. The arrestees are: Mohammed Borhan Daraghma (25), Abdul Rahman al-Tawil (21), Adham Hammouda Kharoubi (21), and Mohammed Mahmoud Omeira (21).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ibrahim Sultan Nazzal (24) and Sanad Hasan Nazzal (26) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Bizzariya village, northwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Aws Jehad Salem (20).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into the southern area of Hebron. They raided and searched Etaf Mohammed Rajabi’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:10, IOF moved into Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Mahmoud Hamza (14), Mohammed Khaled Hammad (18), and his brother Hasan (26).
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF moved into Ras al-Amud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Nadi al-Hashlamoun’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF, stationed at Bab al-Ghawanima, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s Gates in the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Mustafa Abu Zahra (69), Head of the Committee for the Preservation of Islamic Cemeteries in Jerusalem, while getting out of the Mosque. IOF took him to Moscovia Detention Centre where they handed him a summons that bans his entry to the Aqsa Mosque and Jerusalem’s Old City for 15-day, then he was released.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, arrested Mohammed Emad Az’ar (32), from Qabalan, southeast of Nablus. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF arrested (4) Arab Israelis while present east of the al-Aqsa Mosque, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and took him to al-Qishleh police center in the Old City. IOF handed them decisions that banning their entry to the Aqsa Mosque for a week before releasing them. Two of the arrestees were identified; Majd Kabha (18) and Ameer Abu Atta (26).
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF stationed at Qalandiya military checkpoint, north of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Mahmoud Zughayyar (27), while passing through the checkpoint. IOF confiscated his vehicle and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 18:30, IOF arrested Hazem Wael al-Sharbati (27), while present near Bab Hutta, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s Gates, in the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to one of the police centers in the city.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Kafr Qalil, southeast of Nablus; Dura and Deir Sammit in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 09 February 2021:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Hamza Zaki Khwais (18), Mohammed Hatem Abu al-Hawa (19), and Zeid Abu Sbitan (18). Meanwhile, IOF severely beaten Mostafa Dawoud Abu al-Hawa (15), while present in al-Qa’, and he was taken to the hospital.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Issa Horoub’s (22) house, from al-Namous neighborhood, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Ram village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ishaq Abu Hadwan’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Sary Issam al-Barghouthi’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Madama village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Yousef Ziyada (22).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Dhahiriya, south of Hebron. They raided and searched ‘Ahed Samer Abu Sharekh’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Edhna village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Mujahed Mohammed Abu Juhaisha’s (37) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:30, a group of Mista’arvim (Israeli Special Unit dressed like Palestinians) sneaked into Jenin. They used a vehicle with a Palestinian registration plate and raided two houses belonging to Qaid Munir Hamdan (21) and Nabil Jamil Jarrar (25) and arrested them. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 09:50, IOF reinforced with 4 military vehicles “4 bulldozers and a jeep”, moved 50-100 meters to the west of the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah. They leveled and combed lands for 5 hours before they redeployed inside the abovementioned fence.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF arrested the Aqsa Mosque’s guard, Ammar Othman Bkeir (43), while present in al-Silsila Gate area, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.
  • At approximately 16:10, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved 50-meters to the west of the border fence. They launched from the (16) military site, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, leveled and combed lands amidst sporadic shooting before they withdrew at approximately 16:45. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF stationed at ‘Inab military checkpoint, arrested Nihad Suliman Sakran (44), from Nour Shams refugee camp, east of Tulkarm.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Nablus, Tubas and Tammun, in Tubas governorate; Fawwar refugee camp and Bani Na’im in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 10 February 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Abu Roumi’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Faqir area, east of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Mohammed Khaled Jebreel Makhamera’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Mahmoud Jebreel Makhamera’s (55) house, and no arrested were reported.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Tuwani village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Khaled Suliman al-‘Adra’s (50) house, an activist in the Popular Resistance Committees, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Samed Mahmoud Salah (20) and Hasan Khaled Salah (21) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Dahiya neighborhood, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Hasan Helmi Toffaha (21).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Quds street, adjacent to Balata refugee camp, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Omar Salama (21).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Sa’ir, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Ahmed Jabarin’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Eizariya village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Abdul Aziz Khaled Damoudim’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kafr Ra’i, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched Ahmed Mustafa Melhem’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into ‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed in the middle of the camp. They raided and searched Hamza Shehda Abu Sil’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Basem Qasem Taza’a (22) and Yousef Basem Kmeil (18) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF station at Huwara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, arrested (3) civilians; Mohammed Issam Abu Hantash (26), Khaled Ammar Hashash (20), and Sameer Abdul Karim Hashash (18). IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 05:30, IOF moved into Ein Yabrud, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians; Ali Shaker Sara (23), Khaled Suhail Sara (22), Mohammed Akram Fareed (24), Maher Malik Howaij (23), and Baha’ Mohammed Atiya (23). Furthermore, IOF confiscated Atiya’s vehicle for allegedly an illegal registration plate.
  • At approximately 05:35, IOF moved into al-Mazra’a al-Sharqiya village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nafez Shehada Hijaz (43) and Fares Ahmed Shibli (19). IOF released them later.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Beitin village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched (5) houses belonging to Ameen Bassam Jarab’a, Fo’ad Kan’an Abdul Jalil, Jamal Asmar al-Barqawi, Abdul Rahman Mohammed al-Sheikh, and Mohammed Obaida al-Hamzawi, and arrested them. IOF took them to a detention center in “Beit El” settlement and released them after hour and a half.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and bulldozers moved 100-meters east of the Fukhkhari village, east of Khan Yunis. They combed and leveled lands adjacent to the border fence heading to the south. At approximately 11:30, they moved 100-meters into al-Shawka village, east of Rafah, they leveled and combed lands before they deployed again at approximately 15:00.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested the photojournalist of WAFA News Agency Mashhour Hussain al-Wahwah (38), while present near Susia village, south of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. IOF searched his vehicle thoroughly and released him an hour later.

 Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 08:00 Thursday, 04 February 2021, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with 2 Israeli Civil Administration vehicles and a bulldozer moved into Wad Abu Hethwah area, east of Deir Sammit village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron. The soldiers deployed in the area while the vehicles demolished a 140-sqm under-construction dwelling built of bricks and concrete belonging to Noah Zeeb Saleh al-Horoub under the pretext of unlicensed construction in Area (C).  Part of al-Horoub thirty-member family, including 4 women and 20 children, were supposed to move in.  The vehicles also destroyed the 450-sqm electricity network supplying the area by cutting the cables and wooden pillars.  The demolition occurred for the second time upon a military order (1797).  Moreover, a tent set by activists near the house demolished months ago was confiscated along with barbed wires brought by Mahmoud Mohammed Iqteil whose nearby house was notified of demolition.

It should be noted that the Israeli Administration handed al-Horoub and other civilians notices to stop construction works on 19 July 2020 under the pretext of unlicensed construction.  IOF ordered them in the notices to stop immediately the construction works and set 16 August 2020 as the date for the Supreme Regulatory Council’s inspection subcommittee to convene in its headquarter in “Beit El” settlement  in order to discuss the demolition or returning the place to its previous state.  After a while, the Israeli authorities notified again the facilities to be demolished.

  • At approximately 00:07 on Monday, 08 February 2021, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with the Israeli Civil Administration vehicle, bulldozer and excavator moved into eastern al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah. They destroyed 3 water wells supplying the family of Fadel Ibrahim Hamed Abu ‘Alia (41) and the families of his 2 sons, ‘Omran (25) and ‘Amer (20), who all depend on the wells to meet their daily needs and for grazing the sheep.  The demolition in ‘Ein al-Rashash area in Kherbet Jab’eet, where the mentioned family members live, allegedly for the presence of these wells in an archeological site and under so-called (property of the state), which is under the Israeli control.  The targeted area is in eastern al-Mughayyir village and surrounded from the west by the “Angels of Peace” settlement outpost, whose settlers poisoned the Abu ‘Alia’s sheep and killed 16 of them last year.  The area is under constant attacks by settlers from time to time.  The settlers levelled the area and built a road in Kherbet Jab’eet to access “‘Adi ‘Ad” settlement established on the northern lands of the village.
  • At approximately 07:45 on Monday, 08 February 2021, IOF accompanied with 3 Israeli Civil Administration vehicles, 2 cranes, a car with workers inside and a bulldozer moved into Yerza Kherbet in the Northern Jordan Valleys, east of Tubas. The bulldozer and workers immediately dismantled and confiscated 12 residential tents, 11 barracks and a sheep tent owned by 9 Palestinian families.

Those affected were as follows:

 NameDamage
11.    Harb Soliman Ifreij Abu Lekbash2.    Walid Soliman Ifreij Abu LEkbash3.    Mohammed Soliman Ifreij Abu Lekbash1.    4 residential tents (each is 40 sqms)2.    sheep barracks funded by the EU (each is 50 sqms)3.    sheep barns were completely ( each is 400 sqms)4.    Shed clothes were confiscated
2- 1.    Isma’il Ifreij ِ  Abu Lekbash2.    Nazem Ifreij Abu Lekbash3.    Nizam Ifreij Abu Lekbash1.   Residential tents (each tent is 45 sqms)2.   sheep barracks (each is 150 sqms)3.   barracks used for straw storage4.   open 400-sqm  barns demolished5.   Barbed wires confiscated
3-1.    Abdel Ghani ‘Abdel Karim al-‘Awawdah2.    Wanes ‘Abdel Karim al-‘Awawdah3.    Mo’az ‘Abdel Karim al-‘Awawdah 1.   tents dismantled and confiscated (180 sqms):2.   residential tents  (each is 25sqms)3.   A sheep barn (300 sqms)

IOF then moved into Kherbet Humsah in the Northern Jordan Valleys, east of Tubas, and uprooted 5 tents; each is 40 sqms, used for sheep and owned by Harb, Mohammed and Walid Soliman Ifreij Abu Lekbash.  This was the third time the tents were confiscated and demolished within a week.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Monday, 08 February 2021, IOF accompanied with an Israeli Civil Administration SUV moved into al-Rous area, west of Sarra village, southwest of Nablus. IOF handed 11 houses and 2 barracks 13 notices under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C) and their location near the “Havat Gilad” settlement.

Those affected were as follows:

 NameNotified FacilityNumber of Family MembersNotes
1-‘Abdel Baset Mohammed Turabi2-storey house built on area of 120 sqms7, including 5 childrenHe has lived in the house for 15 years
2-‘Abdel Qader Mohammed ‘Abdel Qader Turabi2-storey house built on area of 120 sqms8, including 4 childrenHe has lived in the first floor for 20 years and the second floor was recently built for his son Saif
3-‘Asem ‘Abdel Qader Mohammed Turabi100-sqm floorUninhabited and in last finishes
4-Zuhdi Maher Zuhdi Abu Turabi150sqm barrack built of bricks and roofed with tinplateUsed as an aluminum workshop
5-Mohammed Rawhi ‘Abdullah Turabi2-storey house built on an area of 130 sqms5, including 3 children, Inhabited
6-Helmi Mahmoud ‘Ali Turabi2-storey house built on an area of 150 sqms5, including 3 children, Inhabited
7-Shadi Najeh Mohammed Turabi100-sqm floor–           Under-construction
8-Ayman Mohammed Sharif GHanem140-sqm floor7, including 5 children, Inhabited
9-Taysir Mohammed Sharif Ghanem150-sqm house5, including 3 children, Inhabited
10-MA’moun Ibrahim Khalil Ghanem100-sqm house7, including 5 children, Inhabited for 10 years
11-Ahmed Ibrahim Khalil Ghanem130-sqm house5, including 3 children, Inhabited
12-Faris Mohammed Faris Ibrahim2-storey house built on an area of 170sqms7, including 5 children, Inhabited
13-‘Abdel Rahim ‘Abdel Majid Mohammed Ghanem400-sqm barrackUsed as an animal barn

At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by 2 military vehicles and accompanied with an Israeli Civil Administration vehicle moved into At-Tuwani village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron.  The soldiers deployed in the village while the Israeli administration officer notified civilians to demolish 4 facilities under the pretext of unlicensed building in Area C.  The notices were as follows:

AffectedFacilityAreaFacility DescriptionUsed asType of noticeNumberNote
Mohammed ‘Issa Rab’ieBarrack70 sqmsTinplates and steelLivestock barnDemolition32117Sheltering 50 sheep
Ashraf Mahmoud al-‘AmourDwelling100sqmBrick and tinplateResidentialDemolition31530Sheltering 10 persons
SameWater well70 cbmsConcreteCollecting waterDemolition31531
Fadel Mohammed al-‘AmourAgricultural room20sqmsStones, clay and tinplateAgricultural equipmentDemolition31532
Hatem Mahmoud MakhamrahTent30sqmsShed cloth and angelsMilitary notice1779
  • At approximately 00:30 on Tuesday, 09 February 2021, the Israeli municipality bulldozers demolished an inhabited house in an old cave in al-Sheikh Jarrah in occupied East Jerusalem, belonging to Amnah Mohammed ‘Ata Yousif without a decision to demolish it.

The house’s owner, Amnah Yousif, said that the house belonged to her father Mohammed ‘Atah Yousif who built it on a land belonging to the endowments before 1948 in an old cave.  Yousif said that none has lived in the house since her mother’s death in 1995, but she comes from time to time to check it.  Yousif said that she was surprised with the demolition of the house despite there was no decision by the Municipality to demolish it.  She said that she only received only one day before an Israeli municipality decision preventing her from accessing the house within 15 days until she brings papers to the municipality and hire a lawyer to have an appointment at the court.  Yousif said that the decision also would force her to pay 25,000 shekels if she approached the house within the mentioned period.  Yousif emphasized that the Israeli municipality exploited the decision issued to demolish the house, which was 55sqms and included 2 rooms, a kitchen and a bathroom in addition to a yard.  She added that although the house was old, but it had an amazing view as it overlooks the intersection and main entrance to al-Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood.

In the afternoon, the Israeli authorities issued a notice to demolish a barrack for grazing sheep in al-Fardis area, east of Bethlehem.  Director of the Bethlehem Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, Hasan Breijiyeh, said that the IOF and Israeli Civil Administration moved into the area and fixed a notice to demolish a livestock farm belonging to Soliman Ahmed al-Wahsh under the pretext of unlicensed construction and gave its owner only a week to implement the decision.  It should be noted that the Israeli authorities target the Palestinian houses and facilities in al-Fardis area, east of Bethlehem, to prevent any Palestinian existence.  They also seize control of al-Fardis Historical Mountain full of Romanian remains and invest it in a blatant violation of the international laws.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Wednesday, 10 February 2021, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with the Israeli Civil Administration vehicle, mounted-crane truck and an excavator moved into Kherbet ‘Alan in al-Shonah area, north of Al-Jiftlik village, north of Jericho in the Central Jordan Valleys. IOF deployed in al-Kherbeh and levelled 3 rainwater collection pools belonging to Munir ‘Othman Nasasrah and Naser Mohammed Zbeidat used for irrigation of agricultural crops.  The levelling was carried out allegedly for unlicensed construction in Area C and without any prior warning, noting that this is the second time the IOF level this are
  • At approximately 09:30 on Wednesday, 10 February 2020, IOF moved into Yasuf village in eastern Salfit, and served 13 cease construction notices to 11 houses, a playground and a street, allegedly for non-licensing construction in area C.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Rakiz area, east of Yatta city, south of Hebron. IOF deployed between Palestinians’ houses while Israeli Civil Administration officers demolished 3 tents established by al-Tawana village council in solidarity with Abu ‘Arram family, whose son Haroun (23) was wounded by IOF on 01 January 2021. IOF also confiscated 2 mobile bathrooms used by Rasmi Yousef Abu ‘Arram family. The Israeli Civil Administration officers handed Abu ‘Arram a list of confiscated items. After that, IOF moved into Susya village, south of Yatta city, and confiscated Ghaled Yunis al-Shamasti’s residential tent sheltering 5 persons, including 3 children, under the pretext of non-licensing. IOF wandered in Yatta eastern area, where they confiscated Mur family’s mobile bathroom from al-Tawameen area.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet Um al-‘Ubar, near Marj Na’jah village, north of Jericho. Israeli military construction vehicles demolished Hussain Saleh Suliman Daraghmah’s tin-plate water pool used for irrigating agricultural crops, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. It should be noted that on 05 February 2021, the Israeli Civil Administration officers handed Daraghmah a demolition notice upon Military order (1797), which gives Palestinians 96 hours to challenge before Israeli authorities. The new military order came into force in the West Bank on 01 April 2019 and its details hinder any attempt to challenge before the Israeli court.

Settler attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property

  • At approximately 23:00 on Thursday, 04 February 2021, an Israeli settler attacked the Romanian Orthodox Church in in occupied East Jerusalem’s al-Musrara neighborhood, attempting to raid it. As a result, the Church gates and main yard sustained damage.  Head of the Romanian Palestinian Friendship Association, Hashem Abu Lafi, said that a settler attacked the Church after breaking one of its doors’ lock and a surveillance camera.  He added that this attack was part of a long series of attacks by Israeli extremist settlers and attempts to attack the clerks there.  Meanwhile, the Israeli police issued a statement on Sunday morning saying that a 41-year-old Israeli was arrested on suspicions of causing damage to the Romanian Orthodox Church in Jerusalem.  The Israeli newspapers commented on that statement by saying that the suspect threw stones and bottles at the church yard in al-Musrara area, and the Israeli police opened an investigation where they found out that the suspect threatened in the last weeks that he would burn the church.

It should be noted that the Romanian Orthodox Church is considered one of the most prominent churches located in a settlers’ community in Jerusalem.

  • At approximately 14:00 on Friday, 05 February 2021, settlers from “Hilltop Youth” group under the IOF protection attacked eastern Khan Lubban, which is an archeological site on the main Ramallah-Nablus Street, southeast of Nablus. Many citizens gathered in front of al-Khan and confronted the settlers with stones, while the IOF threw teargas canisters to disperse the citizens.  As a result, many of them suffocated due to teargas inhalation.

Lately, the Israeli settlers’ attempts to raid the Ottoman Khan escalated and were followed by clashes between the IOF and Settlers and the residents.

Khan al-Lubban is an archeological site established in the ottoman era and has a spring beneath it.  Settlers have attempted for years to take over it while these attempts recently escalated over the last few months; they attack it every weekend and damage its contents.  Also, the IOF bulldozers previously demolished recent works and developments added to the site for its protection.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Saturday, 06 February 2021, a group of settlers from “Ma’on” settlement established on al-Tawani village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron, threw stones at the shepherds, who were grazing in the pastures near the settlement. The settlers chased the sheep, forcing the shepherds to leave for fear of being attacked.
  • At approximately 16:00, a group of settlers from “Yitsahar” settlement attacked the eastern outskirts of ’Asira al-Qibliya village, southeast of Nablus, and threw stones at the houses there. Neither casualties nor damage was reported.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Sunday, 07 February 2021, settlers from Brukhin settlement uprooted 30 olive and citrus trees from a land belonging to Yousif Mohammed Jebril Sabrah, from Burqin village, west of Salfit, and stole 84 steel angles from the same land in addition to cutting the surrounding fence. This was not the first time the Israeli settlers attack this land.

Yousif Sabrah said that what the Israeli settlers damaged was a project funded by the French International Relief in coordination with the Municipality of Burqin, which provided workers.  This project was to help me reclaiming my land after it was destroyed by the settlers in the first time.”

  • On Monday morning, 08 February 2021, Israeli settlers declared their intention to establish a community in al-Badiya Sharqiyah in Bethlehem. The Director of the Bethlehem Wall and Settlement Resistance Commission, Hassan Breijiyeh, stated that settlers had distributed a leaflet declaring their intention to establish a community in that area in favor of settlement expansion. Breijiyeh pointed out that during the past few days, settlers plowed and planted the land while the citizens confronted them and expelled them from it.
  • At approximately 10:40, a group of settlers from “Ma’ale Levona” settlement outpost under the IOF protection attacked citizens who were plowing their agricultural lands in Ras al-‘Aqabah area, northeast of Sinjil village, northeast of Ramallah. The settlers attempted to expel the farmers by force and pushed Soliman Kararah (33) who owns a vacant area of land in the area; part of it is planted with olive trees and the other part is planted with winter crops.  “Ma’ale Levona” agricultural settlement outpost is located near this area as settlers their own livestock and a cow farm.  The area has been always under settlers’ constant attacks to prevent citizens’ access to the area.
  • At approximately 16:00, a group of settlers from Brukhin settlement cut with an electric saw and hand tools 30 olive trees from a plot of land belonging to Mohammed Ayoub ‘Ali Ahmed, who lives in Kafr ad-Dik village, west of Salfit.
  • On 21 January, a large group of settlers from “Nikodim” settlement moved into a hill in Badiyet Bethlehem al-Sharqiyah after making 2 dirt streets preluding to seize it. It should be noted that the hill is around 800 dunums and extend to the Dead Sea belonging to al-Zawahrah family near Jeb al-Theeb village that is 20 kilometers away from Bethlehem.  It should be noted that the plan to seize the hill is an official one supported by the Israeli government and settlement organizations who fund the settlers as part of a huge Israeli settlement project connected with other projects established in the Jordan Valleys.  Breijiyeh pointed out that if the hill was seized, the Israeli organizations would have the eastern Badia area under their control in Kisan and al-Rashayidah villages in addition to Jeb al-Theeb village, which is around thousands of uninhabited dunums but planted with different trees. Breijiyeh said that those who seize this area call themselves “Hilltop Youth”, who have a long history in seizing mountains and hills across the West Bank.
  • At approximately 11:00, the security guards of “Ariel” settlement attacked the Palestine TV crew while covering the Israeli settlers’ attacks on “the Open Press Day” near the northern entrance to Salfit. The settlers attacked the photojournalists while on Livestream and took their press IDs.  They tried to confuse the journalists and forced them to leave from the northern entrance.

Collective Punishment Measures

Within the Israeli Collective Punishment Policy, IOF Demolishes House of Palestinian Prisoner in Jenin

  • As part of the IOF collective punishment policy against the Palestinians accused of carrying out attacks against IOF or settlers, on Wednesday, 10 February 2021, IOF demolished a house belonging to the family of Mohammed Kabha, a Palestinian prisoner in the Israeli jails from Toura village, southwest of Jenin.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 12:00 on Wednesday, IOF accompanied by a bulldozer, Special Unit Members, and Engineering and Explosive Devices teams of experts moved into Tourah village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank.  They surrounded Mohammed Marouh Soliman Kabha’s (42) house in the village center and forced its residents to leave along with 10 other families living in nearby houses. IOF fired tear gas canisters and sound bombs to cause fear among civilians and prevent them from approaching.  Afterwards, IOF planted explosives inside the second and third floors and remotely detonated them at approximately 20:00, completely destroying both floors.  The second floor is 150 sqm and the third floor (a roof) is 70 sqm. Kabha’s wives, Donia Ayoub Kabha (30) and Manar Saleh Kabha (29) and their three children lived in the house.

 It should be noted that on Wednesday, 03 February 2021, the Supreme Court of Israel approved the demolition of Mohammed Kabha’s house. Kabha was arrested by the IOF on 24 December 2020 after accusing him of killing an Israeli female settler, Esther Horgen, in an attack in Ahrash Ya’bad , whose body was found on 21 December 2020.

It should be noted that this the first demolition carried out by IOF within its collective punishment policy in 2021 while IOF demolished 6 houses on the same grounds last year, displacing dozens of Palestinians.

Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West Bank:

In addition to 108 permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 69 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 13 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Sunday, 07 February 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints on Jerusalem-Jericho Street, and at the entrances to Hizma, Biddu, and Al-Eizariya villages.
  • On Tuesday, 09 February 2021, IOF stationed at al-Jab’ military checkpoint, which connects between Jerusalem, Jericho and Ramallah, tightened their measures and obstructed vehicles’ movement.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 04 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints on a road connecting between Ras Karkar and Deir Ibzi villages, and at the entrance to Aboud village.
  • On Friday, 05 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beitillu village.
  • On Saturday, 06 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the eastern entrance to Silwad villages and on Ein Yabrud village’s bridge.
  • On Sunday, 07 February 2021, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrance to Birzeit city, at the entrance to Deir Ibzi village, on a road connecting between Ras Karkar and Deir Ibzi villages, at Ein Siniya village’s intersection, and near Atara village’s bridge.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 04 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the eastern and northern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 05 February 2021, IOF stationed at al-Hamra military checkpoint, north of Jericho, tightened their measures, obstructed Palestinians’ vehicles’ movement, and checked the passengers’ IDs. IOF also established 2 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 06 February 2021, IOF stationed at al-Hamra military checkpoint, north of Jericho, tightened their measures, obstructed Palestinians’ vehicles’ movement and checked the passengers’ IDs. IOF also established 4 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho, at the entrance to Ein ad-Duyuk village, and on al-Mo’arajat road.
  • On Sunday, 07 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Monday, 08 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint on al-Mo’arajat road.
  • On Tuesday, 09 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 04 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 06 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the western entrance to Tuqu village, east of the city.
  • On Sunday, 07 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Nahalin village and near al-Nashnash intersection, south of the city.
  • On Monday, 08 February 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Husan village, at the northern entrance to Tuqu village and in ‘Aqabet Hassnah area, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 09 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the western entrance to Tuqu village, east of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 09 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Husan village, west of the city.

Nablus:

  • On Sunday, 07 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at Bizzariya village’s intersection, northwest of Nablus, and on Madama village’s bridge, southeast of the city.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 04 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhul city and at the western entrance to Hebron.
  • On Friday, 05 February 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Awwa and Idhna villages and at the entrance to Fawwar refugee camp.
  • On Saturday, 06 February 2021, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Awwa, Idhna and Susya villages, at the southern entrance to Halhul city and at the southern entrance to Hebron.
  • On Monday, 08 February 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to Beit Ummar village, at the northern entrance to Halhul city, at the southern entrance to Yatta, and at the eastern entrance to Dura village.
  • On Tuesday, 09 February 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Hebron, at the entrance to Idhna village, and at the entrance to Fawwar refugee camp.
  • On Wednesday, 10 February 2021, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Susya, Sa’ir, Ash-Shuyukh, Bani Na’im, and Beit Awwa villages.

Tulkarm:

  • At approximately 08:00 on Saturday, 06 February 2021, IOF closed with cement cubes a road leading to Deir al-Ghusun village and prevented Palestinians’ vehicles from entering the village.

Qalqilya:

  • On Saturday, 06 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Azzun village, east of the city.
  • On Sunday, 07 February 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Jayyous, Izbat al-Tabib and Azzun villages, east of the city.
  • On Monday, 08 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Azzun village, east of the city.

Salfit:

  • On Saturday, 06 February 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Ballut, Deir Istiya and Kifl Haris villages.
  • On Sunday, 07 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Deir Ballut village and at the northern entrance to Salfit.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine 28 January – 03 February 2021

Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory 28 January – 03 February 2021

28 January – 03 February 2021

  • Palestinian killed at “Gush Etzion” junction in alleged stab attack
  • IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem: 13 Palestinians wounded, including two children
  • Four IOF shootings reported at agricultural lands, and once at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 123 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 137 civilians arrested, including 22 children
  • 51 homes and facilities demolished, displacing dozens of Palestinians in northern Jordan valleys
  • 1 commercial facility demolished, as well as 3 houses (one self-demolished) in occupied East Jerusalem; another house was demolished in Hebron; and 51 street vendor carts and stands removed in Jenin
  • Supreme Court of Israel ratifies house demolition of Palestinian imprisoned by Israel
  • Settler-attacks: attacks on civilians in Qalqilya and 8 car windows smashed
  • IOF established 76 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 8 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians that are mostly conducted after midnight and in the early morning hours.

This week witnessed a continued escalation in IOF demolitions particularly in the northern Jordan valleys, which witnessed 3 razing operations that displaced more than 20 families. IOF also dismantled and destroyed dozens of street vendor carts and stands near Jalamah checkpoint and the Annexation Wall in Jenin, depriving dozens of Palestinians of their livelihoods.

This week, PCHR documented 237 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

IOF killed Mohammed Hussain Mohammed Amr (36), from Hebron, on 31 January 2021, in an alleged stab attack on the “Gush Etzion” junction, southern Bethlehem. PCHR investigations indicate that IOF could have resorted to a less lethal force to control Amr. Also this week, IOF shot and injured 13 civilians, including two children, in excessive use of force against civilians in the West Bank: 8 shot and wounded, including one child, in IOF attack on Kafr Qaddum – Qalqilya weekly protest; 3, including a child, were shot near the Annexation Wall in Tulkarm and Jenin; and 2 others were shot and wounded in Kafr Malik, Ramallah.

In the Gaza Strip, four IOF shootings were reported on agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip, and once at fishing boats off Gaza’s northern shore.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 123 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 137 Palestinians were arrested, including 22 children.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 15 incidents:

  • Northern Jordan valleys: 8 barracks demolished ( 5 used for cattle, and 3 for residence); 28 homes and facilities demolished in Hemsa al-Foqa, displacing 85 Palestinians including 45 children. Also, 15 tents, used for residential purposes and for cattle, were demolished along with other properties of9 Palestinian families in Kherbet Hemsa al-Bikai’a.
  • East Jerusalem: tin-plated residence home demolished in as-Sawahira; house self-demolished in Jabel Mukaber; commercial facility self-demolished in Ras al-Amud; another under-construction house was demolished in Anata.
  • Hebron: agricultural room self-demolished; 3 cease-construction notices served to 3 houses, and an under-construction house was demolished
  • Jenin: 40 street carts removed near Jalamah checkpoint; 11 other street vendor stands were removed near the Annexation Wall.
  • Nablus: notice served to remove fence surrounding a land in Sebastia.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 3 settler-violence incidents that included assaults on civilians in Qalqilya and breaking the windows of 8 vehicles in Salfit.

Collective Punishment:

Within the Israeli collective punishment policy practiced against Palestinians and the families of those accused of carrying out actions against IOF or settlers, the Supreme Court of Israel ratified on 03 February 2021 the decision to demolish Mohammed Kabha’s home in Tura, Jenin. Kabha is imprisoned by Israel.

 Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity
  • At approximately 01:30 on Thursday, 28 January 2021, IOF moved into Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah. Meanwhile, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at IOF, who responded with teargas canisters to disperse them. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF accompanied with Israeli intelligence officers moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Marwan Muneer Dari’s (47) house after blowing up their doors, beat his family members and electrocuted them with stun guns. IOF also arrested Marwan’s sons Mohanad (13) and Majd (19), taking them to Moscovia Detention Centre in west Jerusalem. Marwan said that at least 10 soldiers attacked his sons, electrocuted them with stun guns, pushed them to the ground, handcuffed them, prevented them from wearing clothes or shoes, blindfolded them, and took them in the cold weather to an unknown destination. Marwan added that when he attempted to help one of his sons, Israeli soldiers beat him with gun butts, fracturing his bottom teeth.
  • At approximately 04:40, IOF moved into Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah. In the meantime, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF, who responded with teargas canisters, sound bombs, live and rubber bullets to disperse them. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot. IOF also raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 3 civilians, including 2 children. The arrestees were identified as Mohammed Raed Masarwa (16), Mahmoud Mohammed al-Ghaleeth (17) and Mohammed Ahmed Sharaka (29).
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF stationed near the annexation wall on Zeita village’s lands, north of Tulkarm, opened fire at Palestinian workers who attempted to enter Israel for working. As a result, a 25-year-old male, from Zeita village, north of Tulkarm, was shot with a live bullet in his lower limbs.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed along the border fence with Israel, east of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at border areas, causing fear among Palestinian farmers. No causalities or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 12:30 on Friday, 29 January 2021, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinian young men. IOF chased Palestinian young men gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired sponge bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, 8 civilians, including a child were shot with sponge bullets in their limbs; a child was shot in his head; a civilian was shot in his abdomen; and another civilian was shot in his waist.
  • On Sunday, 31 January 2021, IOF killed a Palestinian civilian, claiming that he attempted to carry out a stabbing attack at “Gush Etzion” junction, south of Bethlehem. According to PCHR’s investigations, IOF could have used less lethal force. PCHR’s fieldworker stated that at approximately 06:00, an Israeli soldier stationed behind a sand berm near “Gush Etzion” intersection, south of Bethlehem, opened fire (5 m distance) at a Palestinian male, who was walking on the street and suddenly ran towards the soldier. The Palestinian male was wounded. He then fell on the ground and bled to death. IOF detained his corpse and took it to an unknown destination. IOF declared later that the Palestinian male attempted to carry out a stabbing attack at “Gush Etzion” intersection against Israeli soldiers, who could have neutralized him immediately. Israeli authorities published a video clarifying the incident, and the video showed the Palestinian male while he was walking on the sidewalk and suddenly running towards a soldier stationed behind a sand berm. During which, the Palestinian male was trying to pull out  a sharp tool, which later turned out to be a small knife attached to a stick. The soldier, who was 5 meters away from the Palestinian male, opened fire at him and directly hit him, killing him immediately. It should be noted that the Palestinian male did not pose threat to the life of the soldier, who could have used less lethal force or could have arrested him. It was later found that the victim is Mohammed Hussain ‘Amro (36), married with 3 children from Wad al-Jeef area, east of Halhul city, north of Hebron. ‘Amro was working in the cleaning services of Halhul municipal. At approximately 23:00, IOF summoned the victim’s brother Suliman to Halhul city northern intersection, told him about what happened and interrogated him before releasing him. It should be noted that on 05 January 2021, and in similar circumstances, IOF killed ‘Ahed ‘Abed al-Rahman Quqas Ikhlayil (25), from Hebron, in the same area, claiming that he attempted to carry out a stabbing attack.  “Gush Etzion” complex is comprised of 20 settlements and random settlement outposts, and the intersection there is fortified and full of advanced surveillance cameras and guards.
  • At approximately 14:05, IOF stationed in military site no. 16, north of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds who approached the border fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. No causalities or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 07:23 on Monday, 01 February 2021, IOF stationed near the annexation wall, near Barta’a checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, opened fire at Palestinian workers who attempted to enter Israel through openings in the wall. As a result, 2 workers were shot and injured with live bullets in their lower limbs. At approximately 17:33, IOF stationed in the same area re-opened fire at Palestinian workers, wounding 2 of them, including a 15-year-old child, with live bullets in their lower limbs. The wounded were taken to Dr. Khalil Suliman Hospital in Jenin for treatment.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and stationed in al-Hedra neighborhood. IOF established military checkpoints at the neighborhood entrances, searched Palestinian civilians and checked their IDs. During which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones, Molotov Cocktails and fireworks at IOF and their vehicles. IOF immediately attacked the protestors, chased them in the neighborhood streets and fired rubber bullets and heavy teargas canisters at them. As a result, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation. IOF also arrested 3 civilians after severely beating them and electrocuting them with stun guns. The arrestees were: ‘Ali Sameer Abu Ghannam (22), Mostafa Mohammed Abu al-Hawa (28) and Mo’taz Khaled Abu al-Hawa (19).
  • At approximately 03:00 on Tuesday, 02 February 2021, IOF moved into Kafr Malik village, northeast of Ramallah. In the meantime, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at IOF, who responded with teargas canisters, sound bombs, rubber and live bullets to disperse them. As a result, two civilians sustained wounds; a 22-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his foot; and a 19-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his thigh. Both of them received treatment on the spot. Also, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation.  IOF raided and searched several houses and arrested Fadi Ahmed Shokat ‘Imrah (23). They also handed Yaseen Ahmed B’irat’s family a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service (Shabak) in “Ofer” prison, west of Ramallah.
  • At approximately 07:30 on Tuesday, 02 February 2021, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Deir al-Balah city and Maghazi refugee camp, in the center of the Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:15 on Wednesday, 03 February 2021, Israeli gunboats stationed off Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, and off al-Sudaniyia Shore, west of Jabalia refugee camp, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3-6 nautical miles, opened heavy fire around them and pumped water at them, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of al-Shoka village, east of Rafah, fired teargas canisters at Palestinian farmers. As a result, many farmers suffocated to due teargas inhalation, and were forced to leave.
  1. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 28 January 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Hizma, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians; Mohammed Hussain al-Khateeb (19), Ali Yasser Kan’an (24), Waleed Salem al-Khateeb (20), and Mohammed Hamza Mobarak (23).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Eizariya village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Islam Bassam Odwan’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Araqa village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) children; Ahmed Nidal Yehya (15), Abdul Rahman Abdullah Salah (15), and Ibrahim Ammar Salama (15).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Halhul, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Yaser Ahmed Zama’ra’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Karf Aqab, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Izz al-Dein Atef Mutair (24) and Rajab Maher Mutair (26) and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Omar Zaki Khwais’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:10, IOF moved into Aqabat Jabr refugee camp, southwest of Jericho. They raided and searched Mohammed al-Mimi’s (23) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services at Beit El DCO checkpoint, in the southern entrance of Jericho.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mahmoud Dawoud Afana’s (59) house and arrested him along with his son, Mo’tasem (27). IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kafr Ni’ma village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and handed Alaa’ Baker Naser (18) a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Ofer” detention, west of Ramallah. Meanwhile, IOF arrested (4) civilians; Mohammed Sameer Abu ‘Adi (23), his brother Ahmed (29), Mohammed Sa’di Naser (22), and Mohammed Suliman Abu ‘Adi (23).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kafr Thulth, east of Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Arkan Yousef Abu Safiya (23).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Azzun, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians including a child; Yehya Wael Shbeita (26), Mohammed Emad Shbeita (18), and Waleed Isma’el Redwan (15).
  • At approximately 03:45, IOF moved into al-Yamun village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Omar Kamel al-Ja’bari (32).
  • At approximately 03:55, IOF moved into Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Omar Zakarna (24).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Yousef Hisham Arafa’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF arrested Alaa Baker Naser (18), from Kafr Ni’ma, west of Ramallah, while referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Ofer” detention, west of Ramallah.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mohammed Ayyoub Abu Hadwan’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed at Beit Furik military checkpoint, northeast of Nablus, arrested Anas Basel Abu al-Reesh (23), from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus, and took him to an unknown destination. After four hours and half, IOF arrested (3) children from the abovementioned camp. The arrestees are: Omar Emran Hashash (16), Ameer Naser Hashash (17), and Hamadallah Ahmed Hashash (16).
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Marwan Obaid (21) and Ali Sufian Obaid (19), while present near the western entrance of al-Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Mohammed Ma’moun Muhaisen (17), Hasan Belal Mahmoud (18), and Mahmoud Sa’di al-Rajabi (25).
  • IOF carried out (8) incursions in Atuf village southeast of Tubas; Beita, Qusra, Asira al-Shamaliya, and Sebastia in Nablus governorate; Dhahiriya, Beit Ummar, and al-Shuyukh in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 29 January 2021:

  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of then occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yazan Emran Obaid’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF arrested Ahmed Ayesh Obaid (23), while present near the western entrance of al-Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to one of the investigation centers in the city.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Samu and Dura in Hebron governorate; Tulkarm; Qarawat Bani Hassan, west of Salfit; Saffarin and Beit Lid, south of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 30 January 2021:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Obaidat neighborhood in Jabal al-Mukaber neighborhood, southeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Mousa Obaidat (20) and Maher As’ad Obaidat (19) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 07:30, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Mo’taz Kamal Fahmawi (26), Mohammed Fayez Nasra (25), and Mosallam Sa’eed Masarwa (23).
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Dawood Mahmoud Abu al-Hawa’s (19) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Abu al-Hawa spent several days in the Israeli prisons, and he was released 6-days ago.
  • IOF carried out (10) incursions in Qabatiya and Misilyah; Ya’bad, Arraba and Kafr Ra’i in Jenin governorate; Hebron and Surif in Hebron governorate; Jayyous, Azzun, and Sir in Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 31 January 2021:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (2) civilians; Khaled Saleh Hashash (21) and Mohammed Kayed Hashash (19).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Ahmed Ali Zakarna (19), Bashar Mahmoud Abu al-Rab (20), and Mohammed Ali Abu al-Rab (19).
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF arrested Basel Dawood Abu Sbeih (22), from Hebron, after stopping him at a temporary military checkpoint established on the southern entrance of Hebron.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into al-Hara al-Wusta area (central quarter) in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Marwan Othman al-Ghoul’s (47) house, the chairman of Silwan football club, and confiscated several documents and files. Meanwhile, IOF headed to the club, they raided and searched it and then they took al-Ghoul to Moscovia Detention Centre.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into al-Thawri neighborhood, south of the occupied East Jerusalem, and threatened to break the doors if they did not open. They raided and searched the school, the classes, and the club next to the school.

Eng. Ahmed al-Safadi, the former principal of Silwan School, said that while he was with the engineering crew of the Ministry of Education in the school yards making surveys for the school walls and yards, they were surprised to see large numbers of Israeli soldiers storming the school. Al-Safadi clarified, after IOF stormed the school, they called the school principal, Suha Shwaiky, and head of the sport club close to the school, to open all the classes and rooms in order to search them. He added that IOF only found books and stationery and withdrew from the school and no confiscates were reported.

Monday, 01 February 2021:

  • At approximately 00:45, IOF moved into al-Nabi Elias village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Omar Khaled Jaber (25), a soldier in the Palestinian Security Forces.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Ahmed Abu Shanab (25).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Lo’ay Monjed Qazzaz’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Abdul Baset Abu Alya’s (48) house and arrested his sons; Abdul Rahman (22) and Watan (19).
  • At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into Hebron, and stationed at Ein Sara street. They raided and searched Abdul Haleem al-Oweiwi’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Isma’el Dawood Abu al-Hawa (15) and Ra’ed Hazem al-Sayyad (16) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 21:15, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Jit village, east of Qalqilya, and arrested Mohammed Jawad Qafini (22), from Tulkarm.
  • At approximately 22:30, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Azzun village, east of Qalqilya, and arrested Yehya Ali Odwan (22), from the village.
  • IOF carried out (8) incursions in Jalamah, Beit Qad, Arranah, Faqqua, Yamun, and Jaba’ villages in Jenin governorate; Far’un village and Nour Shams refugee camp, east of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 02 February 2021:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Isma’el Ahmed al-Awawda’s (55) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed in the center of the camp. They raided and searched (4) houses and arrested (4) civilians, two of them were children. The arrestees are: Bashar Yaser Hassan (15), Nimir Hasan Jawabra (16), Jamal Nawwaf Jawabra (18), and Ahmed Ra’fat al-Badawi (20).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Taffuh, west of Hebron, and stationed in the west of the village. They raided and searched three houses and arrested (3) civilians; Ghassan Mohammed Irzeiqat (32), Waleed Mahmoud Irzeiqat (28), and Yousef Abdul Kareem Irzeiqat (29).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Qatanna village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ashraf Ibrahim Shamasna’s (37) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Barta’a village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (9) civilians; Mo’nes Marwan Qabha (27), Baker Nafe’ Qabha (26), Ma’moun As’ad Qabha (27), Ahmed Mahmoud Qabha (28), Orwa Abdul Qader Jad (28), Suhail Nasif Jad (25), Mohammed Jad Jad (32), and his brothers Haitham (35) and Anan (26).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Tura village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched Riyad Ayyoub Qabha’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Abdul Salam al-As’ad (16).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Tammun, southeast of Tubas. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Monawar Mohammed Bsharat (47), along with his son, Fahed (23).
  • At approximately 03:50, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Ramallah, and stationed in several neighborhoods in the city. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Wissam Saqer Hanaisha (28), and Atta Khattab (30).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Beitunia, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Naseem Sami Owda (26), and Diaa’ Mahmoud al-Faroukh (26).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Ahmed Riyad Hashash (24), Ahmed Naser Hashash (20), and Saleh Mohammed Abu Asab (38).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Jenin, and stationed in al-Hadaf area and Burqin valley near Jenin refugee camp. They raided and searched Ahmed I’temad Qasrawi’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Yaser al-Jayyar’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF arrested Nathir Mohammed Nassar (23), after referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem, after summonsing him via a phone call.
  • Around the same time, IOF arrested Yassin Ahmed Ba’irat (22), from Kafr Malik village, northeast of Ramallah. While referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Ofer” detention, west of Ramallah.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Obeid neighborhood in al-Isawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They stormed and searched a fish store and arrested Saif Ramadan Obaid (25).
  • At approximately 21:15, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the main street between Nablus and Qalqilya. They arrested Mohammed Qaher Abu Haniya (22), Bara’ Qaher Abu Haniya (25), and Mahmoud Khaldoun Redwan (26), from Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Ya’bad and Burqin in Jenin; Shuqba and Budrus in Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 03 February 2021:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Nablus, and stationed in the eastern side of the city, in “Joseph Tomb” area to secure the entry of dozens of settlers to the Tomb. The settlers prayed then IOF secured their withdrawal.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Kafr al-Dik village, west of Salfit. They raided and searched several houses and arrested the lawyer Hussam Abdul Hakim al-Dik (34).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Eizariya, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Ibrahim Hafez al-Warni (16), Abdullah Mohammed Ma’touq (19), and Salam Salah (22).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Qasem Saba’na (27).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Shwiaka, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ayman Khaled Obaid (23), Wassim Maher As’ad (20), and Yousef Mohammed Muhanna (24).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested two civilians: Ibrahim Mostafa Abu Awad (21), and Mohammed Bassam Ghatasha (22).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Hizmah, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians, including a child. The arrestees are: Hamad Ali al-Khateeb (34), Owda Ahmed Askar (25), Bashar Askar al-Khateeb (25), Qusai Hamed al-Khateeb (19) and his brother, Fadi (16).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Ibrahim Hussain Abu Ayyash (20), and Izzat Ahmed Awad (25).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Sebastia, northwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians; the twins Naser and Nasr Ahmed al-Sha’er (19), Malik Medhat Kayed (22), and Assem Abdul Majeed Dababsa (20).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Asira al-Shamaliya, north of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Azzam Emad Jawabra (23).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Teqoa, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians including two children. The arrestees are: Ahmed Suliman Abu Mfarreh (17), Bashar Hatem Sabbah (16), Ahmed Owdallah al-‘Ammour (29), Oday Mohammed al-‘Ammour (22) and Awadallah Adel al-‘Ammour (19).
  • At approximately 11:30, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Jericho. They arrested Samer Mohammed Abu Murad (19) from Jenin refugee camp and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into al-Thawri neighborhood, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several stores and arrested Ehab Zakariya Nasr al-Dein (42), and Rabea’ Nidal Ghaith (32).
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Yatta, Sa’ir, and al-Aroub refugee camp, in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 28 January 2021, the Israeli Municipality bulldozers demolished an agricultural room in Khelet al-Nahel area in Wadi Rahhal village, south of Bethlehem, allegedly for unlicensed construction.
  • Rami Abu ‘Ahour, Head of Wadi Rahhal village council, said that IOF moved into Khelet al-Nahlah area and demolished a 20-sqm agricultural room belonging to Na’im Mohammed Mustafa Radi and levelled areas of Palestinian agricultural land. They uprooted dozens of olive trees and beat up Mousa Mohammed Herzallah, causing him bruises.
  • Around the same time, IOF backed up by military vehicles and accompanied with an Israeli Administration vehicle and crane moved into al-Wad al-Ahmar area, north of Fasayil village in the Northern Jordan Valley, north of Jericho. IOF deployed in the area and surrounded it.  They brought workers from Israeli private companies to dismantle 8 barracks; 5 were used for grazing sheep and 3 were residential.  Those barracks belong to Ibrahim Soliman Abu ‘Arouj (48) and his son Ra’fat (27) and were demolished without a prior warning allegedly for building in Area C.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF backed by 2 military vehicles and accompanied with an Israeli Administration vehicle and a truck moved into Um al-Rayan area in as-Sawahira village, east of occupied Eat Jerusalem. The Civil Administration officers dismantled a tinplated dwelling built on area of 60 Sqms and a barrack for grazing sheep belonging to Isma’il Saray’ah and confiscated them allegedly for unlicensed construction.
  • On Saturday morning, 31 January 2021, Mazen ‘Abdel Fattah ‘Awawdah, from Deir Sammit village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron, self-demolished an agircutotural room built of bricks and tinplate on an area of 15 Sqms in his land near the annexation wall 4 months ago in western Deir Sammit. The demolition came after ‘Awawdah received a military notice to demolish the room within 72 hours, during which he could not file any challenge before the competent authorities in the Israeli Administration.
  • His son, Mousa (30), said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: “we carried out the demolition fearing that the military bulldozers would enter and damage our land as well as cutting olive trees. Moreover, the demolition decision did not give us the enough time to challenge it.”                                   
  • At approximately 10:00 on Sunday, 01 February 2021, IOF backed by a military vehicle and accompanied with an Israeli Administration vehicle moved into Khelet al-Fara near Umm el Amad village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed in the area while the Israeli Administration officer handed Fawzi Hammad Khalil Abu Tabikh 3 notices to stop construction works in 3 dwellings that shelter his family of 15 members: his 3 wives and children.  The notices were allegedly for unlicensed construction in Area C, noting that IOF previously handed Abu Tabikh notices to stop work when he started constructing those dwellings back in 18 July 2018.
  • On Monday morning, 01 February 2021, Israeli occupation forces (IOF) carried out a large-scale demolition operation against civilian properties in Hemsa al-Foqa area in the northern Jordan valleys, eastern Tubas. Twenty-eight homes and facilities were demolished, displacing 85 Palestinians, including 45 children in the operation. These demolitions are part of an accelerated campaign by IOF to demolish and destroy Palestinians’ homes and properties in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, under the Israeli annexation and settlement-expansion schemes in what can only be considered an act of ethnic cleansing against the indigenous Palestinian population.
  • According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 08:45 on Monday, IOF accompanied by Israeli Civil Administration SUVs and construction vehicles, moved into Kherbet Hemsa al-Foqa in the northern Jordan valleys, eastern Tubas. Immediately, workers accompanying IOF proceeded to demolish and dismantle civilian homes and sheep barns, loaded them onto their trucks and confiscated their contents. The demolition included 14 residential tents, 7 tents and 5 barracks for cattle; the destroyed structures belonged to 11 families (85 civilians, including 45 children) who were rendered homeless. IOF told the affected area’s residents to accompany them to be transferred to Ein Shibley area, west of Al-Hamra checkpoint in the central Jordan valleys; however, they refused to leave the area. IOF threatened the residents that they would return the following day and expel them from Hemsa al-Foqa. It should be noted that on 03 November 2020, IOF conducted a wide-scale demolition campaign in the same area that included the demolition of 70 homes and facilities and displacing 60 Palestinians (mostly children).
  • At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 02 February 2021, IOF accompanied with a truck-mounted crane moved through al-Jalama village entrance on Jenin- Nazareth Street near al-Jamalah Checkpoint, north of Jenin. IOF removed 40 stalls for selling vegetables, fruits and food supplies near al-Jalamah checkpoint after confiscating all the contents, including the vegetables, fruits, strollers and tin plates, under the pretext of being located near the checkpoint.  Some owners of the stalls were identified as Mohammed, Rayeq, Mahmoud and Fayez Sha’aban; Ahmed Zidat, Walid Abu Zahow; Mazen NAssar; Ahmed Abu Hannanah; Mohammed Abu Shahlah; Mohammed Abu Jomhour; Mohammed al-‘Ejawi; Mohammed Jerar; Ma’an Qasrawi; Papers al-Sa’di and Monjeh Jaramnah.   The owners’ losses were estimated at more than ILS30,000.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF accompanied with the Israeli Civil Administration SUV moved into the archeological site near al-‘Aaj Palace in western Sebastia village, northwest of Nablus. The Civil Administration officer stuck a notice to remove the fence surrounding the 3.5-dunum land owned by Mustafa Yousef Sokar from the village under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C.
  • In the evening, Mo’ataz Ahmed Khalil self-demolished his house in al-Shayyah area in Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, pursuant to the Israeli Municipality’s decision allegedly for unlicensed construction.

The houseowner, Moa’taz Khalil, said that he built his house 10 years ago where he lived with his wife and 2 kids, Norsin and Wadi’a.  Khalil added that the Israeli Municipality has been haunting him since he moved to his house.  Over the last years, the Israeli court held 9 hearings for the house and fined him with 24,000 shekels.  Khalil said that the Israeli court asked his lawyer in the last hearing to pay 35,000 shekels as a guarantee until the next hearing on 17 February or he demolishes the house within a month.  The lawyer informed the court that he cannot afford it as he has been unemployed since last March due to coronavirus pandemic.  Khalil added that an Israeli officer arrived at the house and threatened him if he did not demolish his house, he will be forced to pay 50,000 shekels as well as the demolition costs for the Israeli Municipality officers.  As a result, he had to self-demolish his house with his brothers’ help so that he spares himself the high demolition costs, which he cannot afford.  Khalil also said that his 50Sqm house is comprised of 2 rooms and a bathroom in addition to an old room built on an area of 20 Sqms.  Khalil pointed out that building his house cost him 200,000 shekels and he had to pay tens of thousands of shekels as lawyer’s fees over the last years.

  • On the same evening, Ihsan Abu al-So’oud self-demolished his commercial facility in Ras al-‘Amoud, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, pursuant to the Israeli Municipality’s decision allegedly for unlicensed construction. The facility’s owner said that he had owned an automobile repair shop in Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood for 17 years on an area of 120 Sqms. Abu al-So’oud added that when renewed the shop 7 years ago, the Israeli municipality chased him and imposed construction fines of more than 70,000 shekels and he still pays for it.  Abu al-So’oud also said that the court held several hearings for the shop, and in the last one, it issued a final decision to demolish it and gave him 21 days to carry out the demolition.  As a result, he had to implement the demolition decision by himself although the shop was the only source of living for him and his sons who work with him.
  • At approximately 06:45 on Wednesday, 03 February 2021, IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration SUVs and workers in Israeli private companies and backed by 2 bulldozers and 3 truck mounted cranes moved into Kherbet Humus (al-Baqi’ah) in the Northern Jordan Valleys, east of Tubas. Immediately, the bulldozers and accompanied workers demolished and dismantled dwellings and sheep barns and loaded them on the cranes.  They confiscated them along with all the residential contents.  The demolition included 15 residential and sheep barn tents in addition to other property belonging to 9 Palestinian families.  They also confiscated 2 cars belonging to the Wall Resistance Commission and another car belonging to Ayman Rabah Bani ‘Odah.
Person AffectedDamage
1-Harb Soliman Ifreij Abu Kabbash and his brother Mohammed3 sheep barns demolished and confiscated (800 meters)3 residential tents demolished and confiscated (120 meters)An open sheep barn demolished (700 meters)A mud oven demolishedA 40-meter tent confiscated
2-‘Abdel Ghani al-‘Awawdah and his sons Anas and Mo’azA sheep barrack demolished and confiscated (200 meters)A feeds barrack demolished and confiscated (100 meters)2 residential tents demolished and confiscated (90 meters each)A mobile bathroom demolished and confiscated2 water tanks confiscated
3-Isma’il Freij Abu al-Kabbash and his sons, Nazem and Nizam,3 mobile bathrooms demolished2 sheep tents demolished (200 meters)Residential tents (80 meters) demolished2 tents confiscated (90 meters)A mud oven demolishedA water tank confiscated

In the evening, IOF headed to Kherbet Humus al-Foqa and removed 4 tents set by Palestinians to protect the residents whose dwellings were demolished in the last few hours.

  • At approximately 07:00 on Wednesday, 03 February 2021, IOF accompanied with an Israeli Civil Administration SUV and a bulldozer moved into ‘Anin village, west of Jenin. Immediately, the bulldozer demolished 11 stalls near the annexation wall in al-Thaher area near ‘Anin School for Boys in western ‘Anin.  Those stalls were the only source of income for their owners as they sell food supplies for the workers heading to work in Israel via the holes in the wall.  IOF expelled the owners after damaging the contents under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C.  It should be noted that IOD notified the stalls’ owners on 16 February 2020 of removing them.  On 17 January 2021, IOF damaged contents of the stalls belonging to Radi, Mahmoud and Mohammed Yehia Khaddour; Osayd, Yazid and Walid Yousif ‘Issa; Isma’il Khalil Yasin; ‘Issam Dawwas ‘Issa; Hakam and Ashraf Hussein Yasin; and Mohammed Nader ‘Issa.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF bulldozers demolished an under-construction house and 70-meter fences in Marj al-‘Anati area in ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of unlicensed construction. Taha No’man, ‘Anata Mayor, said that IOF demolished an under-construction house which included a concrete-roofed room and fences belonging to ‘Abdel Majeed ‘Eid Ziyad, under the pretext of unlicensed-construction. No’man said that the Israeli authorities demolished 12 facilities in ‘Anata village last January and still carry out a fierce demolition campaign against houses and facilities in the village.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF backed by a military vehicle and accompanied with an Israeli Civil Administration vehicle and two excavators moved into ​​Khelet al-Forn, south of Hebron. IOF deployed in the area while vehicles began to demolish a 200-Sqm under construction house belonging to Mohammed Jamal al-Sarsour. The demolition was carried out allegedly for illegal construction in Area C. The Israeli authorities had previously notified al-Sarsour to stop construction work and demolish it.

Kherbet Khelet al-Forn is located in southern Hebron, west of the Bypass Road 60, opposite to the intersection leading to the “Bani Hefer” settlement built on the Bani Na’im village.  The village is inhabited by 150 persons; most of them are Bedouins who came from Beersheba and bought part of its lands.  The residents work in agriculture and sheep grazing.

Settler attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property

  • At approximately 19:15 on Thursday, 29 January 2021, a group of Israeli settlers closed the main street that connects Nablus with Qalqilya (Street 55.) Immediately, citizens from Izbat al-Tabib village in eastern Qalqilya, attempted to open the street and prevent settlers from closing it.  IOF then fired sound bombs and teargas canisters to disperse the citizens and beat some of them, including the head of the village council, Bayan al-Tabib, IOF detained a number of citizens and later released them.
  • At approximately 10:20, a group of settlers sneaked into the Jinsafut village outskirts in eastern Qalqilya. And when they were recognized, citizens confronted them and forced them to leave, especially after citizens’ calls to gather in the area.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Monday, 01 February 2021, a group of settlers moved into Kafl Haris village, north of Salfit, under the pretext of visiting tombs to perform religious rituals inside. During which, settlers attacked Palestinian vehicles and houses and threw stones at them.  As a result, windows of 8 vehicles were broken and a house’s lighting.

Collective Punishment Measures:

As part of the IOF’s collective punishment policy against the families of Palestinians accused of carrying out attacks against it and/or settlers, the Israeli Supreme Court approved the demolition of a prisoner’s house in Jenin.

On Wednesday, 03 February 2021, the Israeli Supreme Court approved the demolition of a house belonging to Mohammed Kabha, a Palestinian prisoner in the Israeli jails from Tourah village, southwest of Jenin. IOF accused Kabha of killing an Israeli female settler, Esther Horgen, in an attack in Ahrash Rihan on 20 December 2020.  The Court decided to demolish 2 floors of the house where he lived with his wife and 3 kids.

  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West Bank:

In addition to 108 permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 76 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 8 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 28 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Hizma village, east of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Friday, 29 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at Az-Za’ayyem village intersection and at the western entrance to Isawiya village, northeast of the city.
  • On Sunday, 31 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Biddu village and at the intersection of Al-Ram village, north of occupied East Jerusalem.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 28 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint on a road connecting between Ras Karkar and Deir Ibzi villages, west of the city.
  • On Friday, 29 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ni’lin village.
  • On Saturday, 30 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beit Ur al-Fauqa village.
  • On Sunday, 31 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sinjil village.
  • On Tuesday, 02 February 2021, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Silwad, Turmus Ayya, Sinjil, and Deir Abu Mash’al villages, and on a road connecting between Ras Karkar and Deir Ibzi villages, west of the city.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 28 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint in ‘Aqabet Hussina area.
  • On Friday, 29 January 2021, IOF closed al-Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, and re-opened it later. IOF also established 2 checkpoints in in ‘Aqabet Hussina area and near al-Nashnash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 30 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint near the entrance to Beit Jala city.
  • On Sunday, 31 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village and at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 01 February 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village and near al-Nashnash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 02 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village and near al-Nashnash area, south of Bethlehem.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 28 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho, and at the entrance to Ein ad-Duyuk village.
  • On Friday, 29 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 30 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Sunday, 31 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint on al-Mo’arajat road, which connects between Ramallah and Jericho.
  • On Monday, 01 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Jericho, and near the intersection of Ein ad-Duyuk village.
  • On Tuesday, 02 February 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.

Jenin:

  • On Thursday, 28 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint between Silat al-Harithiya and Ti’inik villages, west of Jenin.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 28 January 2021, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the southern and western entrances to Hebron, at the entrances to Bani Na’im and Jalajel villages, and at the entrance to Fawwar refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 29 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Awwa and Idhna villages, at the northern entrance to Halhul city.
  • On Saturday, 30 January 2021, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Sa’ir, Beit Ummar and Idhna villages, at the southern entrance to Hebron, and at the northern entrance to Halhul city.
  • On Sunday, 31 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Beit Ummar village and at the southern entrance to Halhul city.
  • On Wednesday, 03 February 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Idhna and Yatta, at the southern entrance to Hebron, and at the northern entrance to Halhul city.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 28 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Izbat al-Tabib village, east of the city.
  • On Friday, 29 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Azzun and Jayyous villages, north of the city.
  • On Saturday, 30 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Azzun village, at the southern entrance to Qalqilya, and between Jayyous and Nabi Ilyas villages, east of the city.
  • On Monday, 01 February 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Azzun village and at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 28 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint twice at the northern entrance to Salfit.
  • On Friday, 29 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.
  • On Saturday, 30 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Ballut, Kifl Haris and Kafr ad-Dik villages, west of Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 31 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Salfit and at the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 02 February 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Ballut and Kifl Haris villages, and at the northern entrance to Salfit.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine 21- 27 January 2021

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory 21- 27 January 2021

Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine

21- 27 January 2021

  • Child killed in Salfit in alleged stab attack
  • IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem: 9 Palestinians wounded, including a child and a journalist
  • Two IOF shootings reported at agricultural lands, and three at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 101 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 97 civilians arrested, including 10 children and 2 women
  • Patient companion arrested at Beit Hanoun “Erez” Crossing, northern Gaza Strip
  • Israeli decision to confiscate 600 dunums from Deir Istiya, Salfit
  • 5 establishments demolished in Jerusalem; mosque foundation demolished, and 14 demolition notices served in Hebron
  • 10,300 trees razed, cease-construction and demolition notices served to 3 houses in the northern Jordan valleys
  • Settlers seized an 800 dunums hill in Bethlehem and attack houses and vehicles in the West Bank
  • IOF established 74 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 5 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians that are mostly conducted after midnight and in the early morning hours.

Additionally, this week witnessed a continued escalation in settler attacks, mainly stone throwing at civilian houses and vehicles in the West Bank. Also, IOF demolitions of Palestinian homes and properties continued in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem; a wide-scale confiscation and seizure campaign of Palestinian lands was conducted by IOF in the West Bank.

This week, PCHR documented 225 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

IOF wounded 9 Palestinians, including a child and a journalist, in excessive use of force against civilians in the West Bank. Atallah Mohammed Rayan (17) was killed by IOF on 26 January 2021 near Haris village intersction, northern Salfit, after IOF alleged he attempted to stab a soldier. PCHR investigation into the incident indicates that IOF could have controlled the teen using a less lethal force. Additionally, 4 Palestinains, including a jouranlists, were wounded by IOF in separate incidents during the occupation forces’ incursions into Ramallah and al-Bireh; 3 were wounded in IOF attacks on two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum – Qalqilya; and a child was wounded in IOF incursion into Jenin refugee camp, and another Palestinain was injured in IOF incursion into occupied East Jerusaelm.

In the Gaza Strip, two IOF shootings were reported on agricultural lands eastern Khan Younis, and three shootings on fishing boats off Gaza’s northern shore.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 101 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 97 Palestinians were arrested, including 10 children and 2 women.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF arrested a patient’s companion at Beit Hanoun “Erez” Crossing.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 14 incidents:

  • Tubas: 2 houses received demolition notices in Kherbet Yerza; a cease-construction notice served to a house in Kherbet al-Meyta. Also, 7 tents and sheep barns dismantled in the northern Jordan valleys; 10,000 forest trees and 300 olive trees destroyed in a 400 dunum land in Kherbet Einon.
  • Salfit: Confiscation decision of 600 dunums from Deir Istiya.
  • Bethlehem: demolition notices to an agricultural room and a water tank in al-Khader village; under-construction house demolished in al-Walaja.
  • Nablus: al-Khan spring demolished and a steel fence in Khan al-Laban; 5 demolition notices served to 4 buildings and a barracks in Asira ash-Shamaliya.
  • Occupied East Jerusalem: 5 establishments demolished, and a land razed in Anata.
  • Hebron: 14 demolition notice served in Khirbet Zanuta; mosque foundations demolished in Kherbet Um Qassa; lavatory dismantled in al-Rakeez village, eastern Yatta.
  • Settler-attacks:PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 16 settler-violence incidents:
  • Ramallah: Palestinian vehicle assaulted near Burqa wounding a 3-year old.
  • Bethlehem: settlers constructed two roads and seized an 800 dunum hill in Baddyet Bethlehem (east); civilian vehicles assaulted on the bypass road between Za’atara and Teqoa and the “Kfar Etzion” settlement junction. Also, 3 dunums were razed in Al-Masara and shepherds were assaulted.
  • Nablus: settler attacks and stone thrown on vehicles near Hawara checkpoint, “Yitzhar” settlement and Burin and in southeastern Nablus. Settlers also attacked civilian houses in Burin and Madama.
  • Qalqilya: civilian vechiles assaulted by Jinsafut entrance.
  • Hebron: settler attacks on vehicles travelling on Bypass Road (60); 100 olive tree seedlings uprooted and shepherds assaulted.
  • Salfit: 100 olive trees damaged in Kafr ad-Dik.

 Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity
  • At approximately 04:50 on Thursday, 21 January 2021, IOF moved into al-Bireh city, north of Ramallah, and stationed in al-Balou’ neighborhood. They raided and searched Amal Mo’amer ‘Arabi Nakhlah’s (17) house and arrested him. During which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at IOF, who responded with teargas canisters and sound bombs. As a result, journalist, Mohammed Turukman (24) was shot and injured with a rubber bullet in the right shoulder and was taken to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah for treatment. Also, dozens of civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 14:15, IOF stationed in military site no. 16 along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds who approached the fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, and stationed in ‘Obaid neighborhood, west of the village. IOF established a military checkpoint at the village entrance, searched Palestinian civilians and checked their IDs. During which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones, Molotov Cocktails and fireworks at IOF, who responded with rubber bullets and heavy teargas canisters; no casualties were reported. IOF arrested Mohammed ‘Aziz ‘Obaid (17) and withdrew later.
  • At approximately 22:30, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and stationed in al-Nakhla and al-Qa’ neighborhoods. IOF established military checkpoints at the neighborhood entrances, searched Palestinian civilians and checked their IDs. During which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones, empty bottles and fireworks at IOF, who responded with rubber bullets and heavy teargas canisters; no casualties were reported. IOF arrested Ahmed Marwan Abu Jum’a (21), Ibrahim Nader Abu Hatab (19) and Ibrahim Khaled al- Haniti (18) and withdrew later.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Friday, 22 January 2021, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis, opened fire at agricultural lands, east of Al-Fukhari village; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Friday, 21 January 2021, a peaceful protest took off in front of Deir Jarir village council, northeast of Ramallah, in the center of the West Bank, towards lands under the threat of confiscation and in protest to the establishment of new settlement outposts in al-Shurfa area, where Israeli settlers set up a tent and a water tank on the village’s agricultural lands. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation and settlers. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. The protestors performed the Friday prayer on the lands under the threat of confiscation while Israeli soldiers surrounding them. Following the Friday prayer, the protestors chanted slogans again against the Israeli occupation and settlers. IOF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 12:30 on Friday, 22 January 2021, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinian young men. IOF chased Palestinian young men gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, a 22-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his hand, causing fractures in it, and was taken to a hospital for treatment.
  • At approximately 12:30 on Saturday, 23 January 2021, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinian young men. IOF chased Palestinian young men gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, a 20-year-old male was hit with a teargas canister in his elbow and an 18-year-old male was hit with a teargas canister in his back.
  • At approximately 13:30, dozens of Palestinian young men, from Yatta City, along with international and Israeli peace activists organized a peaceful protest at the entrance to Tawameen village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and banners written on them slogans against settlement, and chanted slogans. The protest was organized a day after Israeli settlers’ arrival at caves belonging to Mur family in Tawameen village and damaged its contents. In the meantime, a large number of IOF arrived at the area and fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, many protestors and journalists suffocated due to teargas inhalation. IOF also prevented the journalists from photographing, declared the area as a closed-military zone and threatened the protestors to be arrested. Meanwhile, a number of Israeli settlers arrived at the area, cursed the protestors and attempted to beat them. The protestors withdrew from the area while journalists passed through the Bypass road in order to reach Susya village, where their vehicles were parked. While they were on their way, a number of Israeli settlers attacked them and unleashed their dogs towards them, forcing them to flee. As a result, journalist Hamza Hattab (37), a reporter of “Wafa” news agency, sustained bruises in his hand; and journalist Mashhour al-Wahwah, cameraman at“Wafa” news agency, sustained bruises. In the meantime, the settlers gathered and chanted racist slogans against Arabs.
  • At approximately 18:20, Israeli gunboats stationed off Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, and off al-Sudaniyia Shore, west of Jabalia refugee camp, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, opened sporadic fire around them and fired flare bombs in the sky, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 21:50, Israeli gunboats stationed off Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, and off al-Sudaniyia Shore, west of Jabalia refugee camp, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3-6 nautical miles, opened sporadic fire around them and fired flare bombs in the sky, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:30 on Sunday, 24 January 2021, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Deir Abu Mash’al village, northwest of Ramallah, and closed the village’s main entrance and sub-roads. IOF vehicles stationed in the center of the village, near Deir Abu Mash’al mixed school. Meanwhile, a number of Israeli soldiers stepped out of the vehicles, deployed in the neighborhoods’ entrances, raided and searched several houses, and fired teargas canisters around them. IOF detained Fateh Rezeq Zahran (28) while present in front of his house, handcuffed him, took him to Israeli vehicles, and interrogated him for half an hour before releasing him. During which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers and vehicles. IOF immediately attacked the protestors, chased them in the village’s neighborhoods and fired live and rubber bullets, teargas canisters and sound bombs at them. As a result, two protestors were wounded and taken to Palestine Medical Complex for treatment. The wounded were identified as: a 20-year-old male, who was shot and injured with a live bullet in his foot; and a 22-year-old male who was shot and injured with a rubber bullet in his foot. Also, many protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot. IOF also detained at least 25 civilians at the village’s main entrance and prevented them from enter the village. The IOF incursion into the village continued until 17:30. This IOF action came as a collective punishment policy after unknown persons threw stones at a vehicle belonging to a female settler passing through the settlement road “64”, which connects between Deir Abu Mash’al and “Hallamish” settlement.
  • At approximately 09:15 on Monday, 25 January 2021, Israeli gunboats stationed off Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, and off al-Sudaniyia Shore, west of Jabalia refugee camp, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3-6 nautical miles, opened heavy fire and fired shells around them for an hour, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:30, IOF moved into Iraq Burin village, south of Nablus, north of the West Bank. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at IOF, who responded with teargas canisters to disperse them. As a result, many protestors suffocated to due teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 17:15, IOF moved into Sanur village, south of Jenin, north of the West Bank. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at IOF, who responded with teargas canisters to disperse them. As a result, many protestors suffocated to due teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 00:30 on Tuesday, 26 January 2021, IOF moved into Tubas city, north of the West Bank. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at IOF, who responded with teargas canisters to disperse them. As a result, many protestors suffocated to due teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at IOF, who responded with teargas canisters, sound bombs and live and rubber bullets to disperse them. As a result, a 16-year-old child was shot and injured with a live bullet in his left thigh and taken to Dr. Khalil Suliman Hospital for treatment. Also, many protestors suffocated to due teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot. Before IOF withdrawal from the city, they raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested ‘Ali Ahmed ‘Ali ‘Amer (20) , from Jenin refugee camp, and ‘Imran ‘Emad al-Deen Ahmed Saqer (22), from Wad Burqin.
  • On Tuesday, 26 January 2021, IOF killed a Palestinian child on ‘Aber al-Samera Street near Haris village intersection, north of Salfit, under the pretext that he attempted to stab an Israeli female soldier. PCHR’s investigations points out that IOF could have controlled the child by using less lethal force.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 11:30, while the child was walking on ‘Aber al-Samera street, few meters away from the vehicles lane,  female and male soldiers were walking in front of him heading to a military checkpoint established on the street, 20 meters away. Verbal altercation erupted between the two soldiers and the child and then developed to a fist fight. Few moments later, a third soldier present in the area intervened and shot the child, wounding him directly. A number of Israeli soldiers gathered around the child who fell on the ground, beat him with gun butts and left him to bleed out without providing first aid until he succumbed to his wounds. Forty minutes later, the soldiers took him via an Israeli ambulance to an unknown destination.

The Israeli spokesperson said that a Palestinian child attempted to stab a female soldier several times before the soldiers neutralized him. It should be noted that Israeli authorities did not publish any video corroborating the incident, despite that there were cameras in the area. It was found later that the victim is ‘Atallah Mohammed Rayan (17), from Qarawat Bani Hassan village, west of Salfit. PCHR’s fieldworker said that Rayan is a senior high school student and he used to head to his father’s marble factory in Rujeib village after returning from school. PCHR points out that IOF could have controlled the child without killing him, and that even if the Israeli claims were true, the child did not pose threat to the lives of the soldiers who could have controlled him, arrested him and used less lethal force against him without killing him and leaving him to bleed out without providing first aid, despite the presence of an Israeli medical crew.

At approximately 17:00, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Qarawat Bani Hassan village, west of Salfit. They raided and searched Rayan’s house and interrogated all the family members. During which, IOF informed Rayan’s family that he attempted to stab a female soldier; Rayan’s family denied having any information about the incident or that their son intended to carry out a stab attack, expressing their shock to what happened to him. During the IOF incursion into the village, Palestinian young men threw stones at IOF and clashes erupted between them. IOF fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters at the young men; no casualties were reported.

  • At approximately 16:00, IOF attacked and severely beat a Palestinian male while present near “Beitar Illit” settlement, which is established on Husan, Nahalin and Wadi_Fukin villages’ lands, southwest of Bethlehem. Eyewitnesses stated that the guards of “Beitar Illit” settlement severely beat Hider Eyad Hider Hamamra (24), from Husan village, while he was at the entrance to the settlement, causing bruises to him. He was taken to a hospital for treatment.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Hizma village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, and stationed in the center of the village. IOF raided and searched several shops. During which, Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF, who attacked the protestors, chased them in the eastern neighborhood and fired rubber bullets, teargas canisters and heavy sound bombs at them. As a result, Qusai Hamed Shareef al-Khatib (21), was shot and injured with a live bullet in his foot and was taken to a hospital for treatment.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Wednesday, 27 January 2021, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Kafr_Malik village, northeast of Ramallah, and stationed in the village’s eastern side. The IOF deployed between civilians’ houses and indiscriminately fired teargas canisters at them. During which, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF, who chased the stone-throwers and fired rubber bullets, teargas canisters and sound bombs at them. As a result, a 20-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his foot and was taken to a medical center in Silwad village. Also, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation. The IOF incursion continued until 19:00; no arrests were reported.
  1. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 21 January 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Surif, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Abdul Rahman Hazem Hadoush’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron and stationed at several neighborhoods in the city. They raided and searched four houses and arrested (4) civilians; Mohammed Maher Bader (59), a member at the dissolved legislative council, Mohannad As’ad al-Tawil (40), Dia’ Hesham Zaheda (34), and Arafat Mohammed al-Qawasmi (38).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Hosny Isma’el Za’aqiq’s (59) house and arrested his two sons Isma’el (25) and Nidal (21).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Hussain Thabet Ba’jawi (26).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed As’ad Nazzal (22).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Aqabat Jabr refugee camp. Southwest of Jericho. They raided and searched Mahmoud Arafat Jalaita’s (29) house and arrested him. Meanwhile, IOF arrested Ahmed Bassam al-Mimi (18), while present in al-Quds street in the southern entrance of the camp.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Kobar, north of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched three houses in al-Tahta neighborhood and arrested (3) civilians; Jameel Mohammed Daraghmeh (38), Naseem Abdul Salam al-Barghouthi (25), and Mohye Wissam al-Barghouthi (24). Meanwhile, another IOF stormed Ali Waheed al-Barghouthi’s house in the center of the village, opened fire at the windows and doors of the house and threw sound bombs inside it, then they severely beaten and arrested his son, Alaa’ (27).

Alaa’s mother said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

“While I was sleeping, I heard the Israeli soldiers using loud speakers calling my husband by saying “Ali, get out of your house”, they kept calling him for 30 minutes without storming the house, so my son Alaa and I went to open the door. As soon as we opened the door, the Israeli soldiers came in,  caught, and handcuffed Alaa and started beating him with their riffles’ butts and detained him out of the house. And then, one of the soldiers ordered me to wake up my daughters, but I told him to let them sleep, so he said: “If you are worried about your daughters, get them out of the house in 3 minutes,” and then he threw a sound bomb inside the house, so I ran out of the house with my daughters, and they were very scared. My daughter, Mira (7), was running barefoot while she was crying all the way until we arrived at my mother in law’s house, next to ours. We kept looking at our house, and saw the Israeli soldiers beating Alaa nonstop, noting that Alaa was ill a few day ago, and the doctors told him that he better gets rest to recover. However, the soldiers ordered us to get out of the houses, and one of them confiscated the mobile phone of my 17-years-old daughter, investigated with Alaa and asked him about his father, Alaa replied that his father is at work. Immediately, they stormed and searched the house thoroughly and damaged its contents and opened fire at the walls and the windows. In the end, they threatened me while I was trying to give Alaa a jacket because it was cold outside and he was not feeling well, but they refused and arrested him two hours after the raid.”

  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ayoub Baha’i Obaid’s (29) house and arrested him, and handed his brother, Roshdi (24), a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Fatema Khader’s (65) house and took her to al-Qishleh police center and released her after several hours of investigation on conditions that ban her entry to the Aqsa Mosque for a week and ordered her to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services on Thursday.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint at the entrance of Izbat al-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya, and arrested Shaddad Hisham Odwan (25), from Azzun, east of Qalqilya.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in al-Shuyukh and Beit Ula villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 22 January 2021:

  • At approximately 01:05, IOF moved into Asira al- Shamaliya, north of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Amjad Afif Sawalmah (30) and his brother Ali (29).
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Majd al-Dein Maher Fhaidat’s (15) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Fhaidat is suffering heart issues, and he underwent open-heart surgery since years, and he needs continued medical follow-up. Furthermore, Fhaidat’s father was a former prisoner and he died inside the Israeli prisons in 2005 due to medical negligence.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF arrested Majed Ragheb al-Jo’ba (40), while present near al-Sahera Gate “Herod’s Gate”, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s gates. IOF took him to al-Bareed police center in Salah al-Dein street.

It should be noted that al-Jo’ba is a former prisoner who spent 7-years in the Israeli prisons on charge of belonging to Hamas Movement, and his activities within the Aqsa Youth Group. Furthermore, IOF banned al-Jo’ba from entering Jerusalem and the West Bank for 6-months in 2018, and allowed him to present only in the occupied territories of 1948 and Eizariya, east of Jerusalem, and renewed that decision several times for separated periods, summonsed him and threatened of taking serious actions against him.

Saturday, 23 January 2021:

  • At approximately 05:10, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mo’taz Ziyad Saba’na (21).

Sunday, 24 January 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron and stationed in several neighborhoods. They raided and searched several houses and handed six civilians summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion”, south of Bethlehem. The civilians are: Ahmed Yaser al-Sharbati (40), Anas Sidqi al-Jo’ba (39), Mohameed Redwan al-Hashlamoun (41), Yousef Othman Salhab (38), Yazan Emad Nairoukh (27), and Taleb Mahmoud al-Dwaik (36).
  • At approximately 01:15, IOF moved into Qabatia, southeast of Jenin, and stationed at Jabal al-Damuni area. They surrounded a Hyundai vehicle and arrested 3 civilians inside it, bombed the vehicle and took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees are: Ahmed Hasan Abu al-Rab (26), Jehad Abu al-Rab (24), and Majdi Kmeil (25).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Ra’fat Deiriya’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, Israeli Infantry Unit stormed and searched Mohammed Mostafa al-Jamal’s (38) house, in the southern side of Hebron’s Old City, and arrested him.
  • In morning hours, IOF stormed Dome of the Rock Mosque, in the Aqsa Mosque, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They prevented the restoration works inside it for the second consecutive day. The Islamic Endowments (Waqf) Department in Jerusalem stated that IOF banned the restoration crew from continuing their duty inside the Dome of the Rock Mosque, as they started restoring the ground two weeks ago.

The Supreme Islamic Council in Jerusalem said in a statement that the Israeli police interrupted all the restoration works in the Aqsa Mosque, took photos of ID Cards of the workers and technicians, banned them from working in the Mosque and threatened them of arresting if they attempted to continue their work in the Mosque. They added, the Israeli police is working on stopping all the activities and works of the Construction Committee in the Aqsa Mosque, and prevented the restoration works in places that need immediate restoration. Also, the Israeli Authorities prevented the entry of the most basic materials needed for restoration, as they were left unable to do their restoration or maintenance duties in the Mosque facilities, in addition to their employees who are exposed to prosecution or threatens of arrest or exit.

  • At approximately 12:30, IOF moved into the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Saber Mohammed Abu Nab’s (16) house, severely beaten and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ameer Khaled al-Malki’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:20, IOF arrested (4) children while present near the entrance of Beit Ijza village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem, and took them to unknown destinations. The arrestees are: Majd Ramadan Abu Kafia (10), Mo’tasem Ahmed Ghareeb (9), Mohammed Saleem Ghareeb (10), and Aysar Mousa Salem (10).
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF arrested Mohammed Hisham al-Bashiti (46), while present in Bab al-Asbat “Lions’ Gate” area, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s Gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. It should be noted that the Israeli Authorities are attacking the family of Mohammed al-Bashiti, in order to pressurize them to leave their house which overlooks the Mosque, as al-Bashiti family stated that the Israeli Authorities wanted to desperate us to take our house. Mohammed al-Bashiti’s sons are always exposed to arrests and attacks, as his elder son, Hisham (20), was arrested for the first time when he was 13, and now he is under arrest on charge of throwing stones. Referring to the second son, Hatem (18), he was arrested and summonsed dozens of times with his younger brother Abdul Rahman (16), who was arrested up to 20-times last year, despite of suffering of diabetes.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Sa’ir and al-Mowreq villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 25 January 2021:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Dheisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohannad Fahmi Qawar (24), his brother Rani (19), and Adham Jamal Farraj (29).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mohammed Hatem Abu al-Hawa’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Kafr Ni’ma village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Mohammed Sayed Abu ‘Adi (47), Mohammed Nabil Abdo (20), and Mohammed Naji Abdo (22).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beitunia, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ahmed Noah Hreish’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Mahdi al-Rashq’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Birzeit, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Tha’er Abdul Raheem Washha’s (41) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Beit Rima, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Omar Jameel al-Rimawi’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stationed at Beit Hanoun “Erez” checkpoint, arrested a man while accompanying his wife, who is a brain cancer patient.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 08:00, Walaa Mohammed Mostafa al-Refa’i (35), married with 3 children from al-Maghazi camp, headed to Beit Hanoun “Erez” Crossing with his wife Walaa Nabil Mahmoud al-Refa’i (33), who has a brain tumor. Mrs. Al-Refa’i has a scheduled surgery at al-Maqassed Hospital. At approximately 11:00, an Israeli soldier took Mr. Al-Refa’i for investigation, while the patient remained waiting in the hall. At 16:30, the Israeli soldier ordered Mrs. Al-Refa’i to travel alone or to return to the Gaza Strip. She told the Israeli soldiers that she was going to have a brain surgery and could not go alone; she was instructed to have her companion replaced by someone else. Mrs. Al-Refa’i’s mother joined her and they went to al-Maqassed Hospital in occupied East Jerusalem. At approximately 19:00, Mr. al-Refa’i phoned his wife and told her that he is detained by Israeli authorities and was taken to Ashkelon Prison.

  • At approximately 13:00, IOF arrested Sherin Khalil al-A’raj (49), from al-Walaja village, northwest of Bethlehem, while present near the Magistrate Court in the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took her to “Petah Tikva” investigation center, and extended her arrest for 7-days, and prevented her from meeting her lawyer.

It should be noted that al-A’raj is living out of oPt, and she is a UN employee for more than 15 years and hold UN travel documents. Noting that the Israeli Authorities banned al-A’raj from entering Palestine for 5 years, and she was summonsed and arrested when she came to visit the West Bank to spend the vacation with her family.

  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Ras al-Amud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Haitham Hisham al-‘Abbasi’s (30) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in al-Maskoubiya police Center in West Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF stationed at Shu’afat refugee camp’s military checkpoint, arrested Fadi Zakaria Kashur (32) and Hussam Naser Yaghmour (28), while passing through the checkpoint.

Tuesday, 26 January 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Shu’afat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched dozens of houses and arrested (9) civilians, claiming that they were throwing stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers. The arrestees are: Mo’taz Jaradat, Yazan Saya’ra, Bara’ Saya’ra, Hamza Jaradat, Mahmoud Alqam, Hamido Alqam, Yasine Taha, Qotaiba Farhan, and Mohammed Farroukh.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Balata refugee camp, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Abdul Kareem Hashash (20).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nur Shams refugee camp in Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Fadi Nizar Jab’awi (24) and Oday Issam Qasem (23).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Eizariya village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Nizar Eyad Bassa (22) and Hussam Mohammed Far’oun (18) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Qalqilya, north of the West Bank, and stationed in the center of the city. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Abdullah Zuhair Walwil (30), Abdul Rahman Belal Hijjawi (20), and Qasem Abdul Raheem Nazzal (35).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Marah Rabah village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Qusai Hani Taqatqa’s (16) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ahmed Jameel al-Silwadi’s (18) house amd arrested him.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF arrested Yazan Emad Nairoukh (27), from Hebron, after referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem. Nairoukh received a summons when IOF raided his house in the previous day.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF handed Samed Asila (51), Head of al-Aqsa Mosque Night Guards, a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services. Lately, the Israeli police increased bothering the Aqsa Mosque’s guards and Islamic Endowments (Waqf) Department’s employees.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into the African Community Quarter, near al-Majlis Gate, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s Gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Jehad Naser Qaws’s (26) house and took him to one of the investigation centers in the city. It should be noted that Qaws was arrested three times during this month.
  • At approximately 20:10, IOF moved into Qalqilya, north of the West Bank, and stationed in the middle of the city. They chased a group of young men claiming that they were throwing stones at the Israeli soldiers in the southern checkpoint area. Later, IOF arrested ‘Asef Azzam Owda (16).
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Khalil Atta Abu al-Hawa’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Tayasir, east of Tubas; Beit Ummar, Halhul, and al-Shuyukh villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 27 January 2021:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Wadi Shaheen area in Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ameer Sameer Tabanja’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hizma, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians; Owda al-Khateeb (24), Osama Ali al-Khateeb (29), Adel Issam al-Khateeb (19), Mos’ab Abdul Rahman al-Khateeb (27), and Nadeem Abdul Hameed al-Khateeb (26).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Sebastia, northwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ayham Nahed Aqel (22).
  • At approximately 02:20, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Birzeit, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Majdi Naser Washha (27) and Mohannad Najeeb Saif (24) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Madama, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Thabet Nassar Ezzat Nassar (43).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Tammun, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mostafa Hussain Bani Owda (25).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Qabatiya southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Tareq Ziyad Abu al-Rab (20), and Anwar Nidal Saba’na (22).
  • At approximately 03:45, IOF moved into Burqin village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ghassan Mohammed Ali Shalamish (41), along with his sons; Haitham (18) and Eyad (15).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Nizar Mohammed Nawaj’a (33), working at the Palestinian Intelligence Services, and Issa Ali al-Najjar (36).
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed at Mevo Dotan checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Mostafa Faisal Zakarna (20), from Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (7) incursions in Tubas, Zububa, west of Jenin; Ramallah, Beitunia, and Silwad in Ramallah governorate; Fawwar refugee camp and Beit Ummar in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 10:30 On Sunday, 24 January 2021, IOF accompanied with an Israeli Civil Administration SUV moved into Kherbet Yerza in the Northern Jordan Valley in eastern Tubas, north of the West Bank. The Civil Administration officers handed 2 notices for 96 hours regarding 2 houses belonging to Rami and Hafiz Na’im Hafiz Masa’id.
  • On the same day, the Israeli authorities declared on its Civil Administration website that they will confiscate 600 dunums from the agricultural lands of Deir Istiya village, north of Salfit, in favor of Karnei Shomron and Immanuel settlements, west of the village. According to the Israeli authorities’ announcement, they will change the agricultural lands into industrial lands regarding Immanuel settlement and confiscate the lands of nature resorts, yards, and services in favor of settlement residential units in Area C, settlement area in al-Bala’ah neighborhood, and Khelet al-Karsone.  The lands that will be confiscated in favor of Immanuel settlement are around 300 dunums belonging to Mahmoud ‘Abed Mahmoud ‘Afounah and his siblings; Yousif al-Haj Dawoud Jadallah; and ‘Abdullah Abu Salem Hazeem.  Also, 300 other dunums will be confiscated from Deir Istiya village in favor of Karnei Shomron belonging to ‘Abdel Rahman Qaddourah ‘Ali; ‘Abdel Fattah Mahmoud Mansour; and Ahmed Mustafa ‘Issa Abu Hajlah.

It should be noted that the Israeli authorities gave the mentioned civilians 60 days to challenge the decision; they started the legal proceedings.

  • On Sunday evening, 24 January 2021, IOF notified to demolish an agricultural room and a water tank in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem, under the pretext of unlicensed construction.
  • Hasan Breijiyeh, Director of Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission, said that IOF notified to demolish an agricultural room belonging to Ibrahim Soliman Salah in Wad al-Shami area, west of the village, under the pretext of unlicensed construction. Breijiyeh added that IOF notified also to destroy a water tank used by the farmers in the area.
  • At approximately 06:30 on Monday, 25 January 2021, IOF accompanied with an Israeli Administration SUV, a bulldozer and crane moved into al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya village, southeast of Nablus. IOF surrounded Khan al-Lubban, which is an ottoman caravansary located in the eastern side of the village. The bulldozer destroyed al-Khan Spring and a 40-meter iron fence and confiscated it. IOF also destroyed and confiscated 2 steel gates of al-Khan gates along with a mobile bathroom belonging to Khaled al-Daraghmah, who lives in al-Khan as well, to expel him and seize control of al-Khan.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF accompanied with an Israeli Civil Administration moved into Kherbet al-Mayetah in the Northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas. The Civil Administration officer handed a notice to stop construction works in an under-construction house belonging to Khaled ‘Ali Salamah al-Faqir from al-Kherbeh.  IOF took photos of the civilian houses there and notified 2 residential rooms belonging to ‘Adnan ‘Abdel Mahdi Ghayyad al-Salamin in Zeraa’ ‘Awwad Community in the Northern Jordan Valley under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF demolished 5 facilities and levelled a plot of land in ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of unlicensed construction.

Mayor of ‘Anata village, Taha al-Refa’ie, said that IOF accompanied with bulldozers moved into Marj al-‘Anati area in the village and started destroying a fence belonging to Waleed ‘Aref al-‘Ajaleen and another belonging to ‘Alaa’ Abu Shames in addition to a barrack used as a store belonging to ‘Abdel Baqi Helweh and another one of 200 sqm used as a horses stable belonging to Samer al-Natshah.  Al-Refa’ie added that before their withdrawal, IOF demolished a barrack belonging to Mohammed Ibrahim Helwah and levelled the land surrounding a gas station belonging to Amin Ja’afrah near the village entrance.

  • At approximately 10:30, IOF accompanied with an Israeli Civil Administration SUV moved into al-Sarih area and Khelet al-Lahham near the northern entrance to ‘Asirah village, northwest of Nablus. The Civil Administration officer handed 5 demolition notices for 4 buildings and a barrack in the area under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C

The persons affected were:

NameNotified Facilitynotes
1-Mohammed ‘Abdel Jalil al-SholiA 7-storey residential building comprised of 23 apartments and shops ( each floor is 180 sqms)The building shelters 9 families 30 persons, including 19 children
2-Sa’id Salim Mohammed YasinA house built on an area of 89 sqmsIt shelters a family of 6, including 3 children
3-Bader al-Deen Ahmed ‘Abdullah HamadnahA 2-storey house; first floor is 116 sqms and the second is 160 sqmsIt shelters 2 families of 5
4-Mohammed Mahmoud Sa’id NajiA 3-storey house; the first floor is 116 sqms, the second is 240 sqms, and the stairwell is 20 sqms.It shelters 2 families of 10, including 4 children
5-Nabil Hamed Mousa HamadnahA house of a first 35sqm floor and 184sqm second floorIt shelters 6 persons, including 4 children
6-Hussein Sa’id HamadnahA barrack roofed with tin plates and built of bricks on an area of 120 sqms in 1779Used as a store for the family
  • At Approximately 10:30 on Monday, 25 January 2021, IOF demolished an under construction house in al-Walaja village, northwest of Bethlehem, under the pretext of unlicensed construction.

Khader al-A’araj, Head of Al-Walajah Village Council, said that IOF moved into Khelet al-Samak, northwest of the village, and demolished a 2-storey under-construction house built on an area of 190 sqm belonging to Mohammed ‘Abdul Latif Jayousi, from Jerusalem.  Al-A’araj added that following the demolition, clashes erupted in the area between the village young men and Israeli soldiers, who heavily fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters; as a result, the protesters suffocated due to teargas inhalation.  IOF also arrested Nabil Ahmed al-Teen (16) and severely beat him.

  • At approximately 11:00 on Monday, 25 January 2021, IOF backed by a military vehicle and accompanied with an Israeli Civil Administration vehicle moved into Kherbet Zanuta, west of ad-Dhahiriya village and located 20 kilometers south of Hebron. The Civil Administration officer distributed 14 demolition notices under the pretext of unlicensed construction in Area C.  Nearby localities include ad-Dhahiriya to the northwest and Khirbet Shweika to the northwest, as well as two Israeli settlements, “Teneh Omarim” to the west and “Shim’a” to the east. The Meitarim industrial zone just to its east was built for the settlers. The village has a population of 70 citizens, who live in rooms built of tin plates, stones, and clay and in caves.   On 14 December 2020, IOF handed notices to stop construction works in those facilities, and the new notices included the following:
Person affectedFacilityDescriptionAreaBuilt inFamilyChildren (male)WomenChildren (female)Funded byNotice
Shehdah Soliman Hamad KhdeiratDwellingTin plates16sqm201821SelfDemolition order
Same personA barrack for grazing sheepTin plates, shade cloth and stones120sqm20202SelfDemolition order
Basim Melhem Hamad KhdeiratResidential roomStones and tin plates30sqm2018421SelfDemolition order
Same personSheep barrackShade cloth and iron pipes100sqm2019841SelfDemolition order
‘Amer ‘Amer Isma’il al-TolDwellingShade cloth, tin plates and iron pipes40sqm19947514SelfDemolition order
Ahmed ‘Arm al-TolSheep barrackStones, tin plates and iron pipes80sqm20183114SelfDemolition order
‘Aser Shafiq Soliman al-TolResidential roomTin plates and concrete slab30sqm2015631SelfDemolition order
Same personPergolaTin plates20sqm2010631SelfDemolition order
Same personSheep barrackShade cloth and iron angles90sqm2018631YMCADemolition order
Same personDwellingTin plates and concrete slab35sqm2014631YMCADemolition order
Fares Hasan Fares SamamrahSheep barrackPipes and shade cloth150sqm2018171123YMCADemolition order
Susya village councilA roomTin plates40sqm2020OrganizationsDemolition order
ClinicA roomTin plates20sqm2020OrganizationsDemolition order
MAghidah ‘Ali Ahmed BattahA roomTin plates40sqm201921Her ownNotice to stop construction works
  • At approximately 10:45 on Tuesday, 26 January 2021, IOF accompanied with 3 Israeli Civil Administration SUVs and other vehicles with workers and an excavator, moved into Khirbat Al-Burj in the Northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas. The workers immediately dismantled tents and sheep barns belonging to 5 Palestinian families and confiscated them.
No.Person affectedDamage
1-Mustafa Khalil Warrad Zawahrah2 tents dismantled and confiscated (160sqms for each)A 130sqm sheep barn confiscated and dismantled
2-Khalil Warrad Zawahrah2 sheep barns confiscated and dismantled (130sqms and 80sqms)A 100sqm Pergola confiscated
3-Redwan Khalil Warrad Zawahrah3 tents uprooted and confiscated (180sqms for each)A 120sqm sheep barn dismantled and confiscated
4-Nayef Mohammed Saray’ah al-FaqirA 160sqm sheep barn destroyed and confiscatedA 60sqm sheep tent uprooted and confiscated
5-Radi Khalil Warrad Zawahrah2 sheep tents uprooted and confiscated (160sqms for each)

Afterwards, IOF headed to Hamamat al-Maleh in the Northern Jordan Valleys, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank.  IOF uprooted and confiscated 2 tents; one was residential and the other was used for sheep.  Each tent was 60 sqms and belonged to Burhan ‘Ali Zamel Daraghmah.

  • At approximately 05:00 on Wednesday, 27 January 2021m IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet Um Qussa, east of Yatta city, south of Hebron. IOF deployed in the area and demolished a 120-sqaure-meter floor and concrete columns built in August 2018 to establish a mosque in the area. It should be noted that the Israeli Civil Administration officers handed Palestinian civilians military orders to demolish the mosque on 25 January 2021, under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers and environmental and nature crews moved into Kherbet ‘Aynoun, east of Tubas. Israeli soldiers cut and damaged 10 thousand forest trees and 300 olive trees planted 8 years ago in 400 dunums. These trees were planted within a project funded by the Brazilian Consulate.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Rakiz village, east of Yatta City. The Israeli Civil Administration officers dismantled and confiscated a two-square-meter lavatory belonging to Mohammed Hasan Abu ‘Arram (44), under the pretext of non-licensing in Area “C”. 

Settler attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property

  • On Thursday morning, 21 January 2021, Israeli settlers from “Nickodem” settlement established on the eastern lands of Bethlhem, moved into a hill in eastern Badia of Bethlehem after making two roads to reach it in order to seize control over it.

Hasan Breijiyeh, Director of the Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission in Bethlehem said that the hill that was stormed by settlers is 800 dunums and extend to the Dead Sea belonging to the family of al-Zawahrah.  Breijiyeh added that the settlers moved into the hill with their cars on the same day morning under IOF’s protection after making 2 dirt roads to reach it.  Breijiyeh added that this crowned a series of measures taken by the settlers over months in the area, including recurrent raids and making roads and other measures that were all under the very eyes of the IOF and their protection, encouraging settlers to seize more Palestinian lands.  Breijiyeh also said that the owners of the hill have papers proving their ownership of it and that they have not received any confiscation notices in this regard.  He explained that the plan to seize the hill is an official one supported by the Israeli government and settlement organizations who fund the settlers as part of a huge Israeli settlement project connected with other projects established in the Jordan Valleys.  Breijiyeh pointed out that if the hill was seized, the Israeli organizations would have the eastern Badia area under their control in Kisan and al-Rashayidah villages in addition to Jeb al-Theeb village, which is around thousands of uninhabited dunums but planted with different trees. Breijiyeh said that those who seize this area call themselves “Hilltop Youth”, who have a long history in seizing mountains and hills across the West Bank.

  • At approximately 20:00, settlers gathered at the crossroads of Huwara checkpoint, “Yitzahar” settlement, Burin village and Shilo traffic lights, southeast of Nablus. The settlers rioted the streets and threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles crossing the crossroads.
  • At approximately 20:30, a group of settlers from “Yitzahar” settlement established on the southeastern lands of Nablus, north of the West Bank, attacked the Palestinian vehicles traveling on Ramallah-Nablus Road near Burin village intersection and broke the windshield of a car belonging to ‘Abdel Karim Idris ‘Odah, from Huwara village.
  • Around the same time, a group of settlers attacked near Burqa village, northeast of Ramallah in central West Bank a Palestinian car driven by Hanin Walid Sawaftah (26) and accompanied by her husband ‘Alaa Ihsan Sawaftah (36) and her 2 children, Jad (3) and Majd (6), from Ramallah. They were on their way to Tubas to visit their family in the city.  As a result, Jad was injured in the head and taken to the Palestine Medical Complex for treatment.

‘Alaa Sawaftah said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

“At approximately 20:30 on the same day, I was with my wife Hanin Walid Sawaftah who was driving the car along with our kids Jad and Majd.  We were on our way out of Ramallah heading to Tubas to visit our family, taking Burqa village road, northeast of Ramallah.  When we approached the village, we were surprised with settlers gathering at the village intersection and throwing stones at our vehicle.  As a result, a stone hit the window next to my wife and another in the backside window, breaking the glass and wounding Jad’s face.  Many stones also fell on the car before my wife could drive away to DCO Checkpoint at the western entrance to Ramallah, where there were Israeli soldiers and police. My wife stopped at the checkpoint and told them what happened.  The Israeli police brought a paramedic who gave us first aid and then called a Palestinian ambulance.  My child and I got in the ambulance while my wife came in the car to the Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah, where we were all checked by the doctors, but Jad sustained cuts in the face and was treated.  We left the hospital home in Ramallah.”

  • At approximately 20:30, dozens of Israeli settlers protested on the bypass road between Za’atarah and Teqoa villages, east of Bethlehem, and threw stones at the civilians.

Eyewitnesses said that the settlers were under the protection of IOF and closed the bypass road in front of the Palestinian cars.  They threw stones at the civilian cars and caused damage to some of them.

  • At approximately 21:00, dozens of Israeli settlers at Kfar Etzion settlement’s intersection, south of Bethlehem, for the fifth consecutive week.

Eyewitnesses said that the settlers were under the protection of IOF and raised slogans demanding Arabs to leave.  They closed the main street in front of the Palestinian cars and threw stones at the civilian cars, causing damage to some of them.

  • At approximately 22:00, a group of settlers gathered at Jinsafut village, east of Qalqilya, and threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles. As a result, the windshield and side window of a car belonging to Mohammed Mahmoud ‘Abdel Karim Yousif were broken.  The settlers also threw stones at the houses belonging to Falah Mohammed Bashir and ‘Alaa Mohammed Bashir, breaking the house windows.  The settlers also punctured wheels of a car belonging to Khaled ‘Abdel Rahman Bashir.
  • At approximately 17:00 on Friday, 22 January 2021, dozens of settlers from “Karmei Tzur” settlement established on the confiscated Palestinian lands, north of Halhoul, north of Hebron, gathered on Bypass Road (60) leading to Hebron. The settlers threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles and obstructed their movement.  No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 20:00, a group of settlers gathered on Bypass Road (60) leading to the southern entrance to Hebron near “Beit Hagai” settlement and stopped the Palestinian vehicles. They obstructed their movement and chanted slogans against Arabs.  During which, IOF closed the road, forcing the Palestinian drivers to take the internal roads for fear of settlers.
  • On Saturday, 23 January 2021, Israeli settlers under the protection of IOF levelled vacant areas of land in al-Mo’asara village, south of Bethlehem, to make an Israeli settlement road connecting “Migdal Oz” settlement with “Efrat” settlement established on Bethlehem lands.

Hasan Breijiyeh, Director of the Settlement and Colonization Resistance Commission in Bethlehem, said that the Israeli authorities levelled a 3-dunum land belonging to Soliman Mousa Breijiyeh near “Migdal Oz” settlement on Beit Fajjar village lands near al-Ma’asara village, south of Bethlehem.  They started establishing a new settlement road connecting “Migdal Oz” settlement with “Efrat” settlement.  The landowner, Soliman Breijiyeh, said that he was surprised with the Israeli settlers’ moving into the area on the same day morning.  They levelled a land near the “Migdal Oz” settlement.  Breijiyeh added that he went to the Israeli police in “Beitar Illit” settlement and them to the police in “Etzion” settlement attempting to stop the settlers’ attack on his land.  However, the Israeli police did not receive his complaint, forcing him to stay in his land to prevent settlers from building the settlement road through his land.  Breijiyeh said that despite having papers proving ownership of the land, the IOF have always prevented him from approaching or exploiting his land under the pretext of being located near the settlement.

  • At approximately 15:00, a group of settlers from the “Price Tag” groups made their way from “Yitzahar” settlement established on Madma village, southeast of Nablus, and attacked the southeastern outskirts of the village. They threw stones at a house belonging to Mashhour Mohammed Qot, but no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00, a group of settlers from the “Price Tag” groups made their way from “‘Arousa” settlement outpost established on the eastern Burin village lands, southeast of Nablus, attacked the eastern outskirts of the village and threw stones at a house belonging to Ibrahim ‘Adel ‘Eid, but no casualties were reported.
  • On the same day, a group of settlers from the “Protectors of Mountains” group damaged 100 olive trees in a land belonging to Jamal ‘Ali Ahmed in Kafr ad-Dik village in Salfit.

Jamal Ahmed said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

“at approximately 10:00, I received a phone call from a friend in the village telling me that he saw the olive trees in my land destroyed and the land damaged.  I headed there immediately in Hriket al-‘Aweinah area in Thaher Subh Mount, north of Kafr Ad-Dik village in Salfit, I found the olive trees (around 100) destroyed.  I own 50 dunums in the area; 18 of them were attacked.  I have filed many cases before the Israeli courts in this regard since the ninety’s, and no final ruling has been issued so far to expel us from the land; however, a previous decision was issued by the Supreme Court in ‘Ofer in 1990 saying this land is a private property but in vain because the settlers continued to carry out their almost weekly attacks in the area.  These settlers call themselves the “Protectors of Moutnains”.  They riot lands, damage and break trees.  I bought these 100 seedlings 6 years ago and they cost me 50 shekels for each.  The rest trees were damage by settlers previously and are useless now.”

  • At approximately 09:00 on Monday, 25 January 2021, settlers attacked shepherds and prevent them from herding sheep in the area surrounding their settlements established on Kisan village lands, east of Bethlehem.

According to Ahmed Ghazal, Head of Kisan village Council, said that “Ibei HaNahal” settlers threw stones at the shepherds from Kisan village, wounding Khalaf ‘Abayat after a stone hit him.  The settlers used their dogs to attack the sheep and prevented shepherds from herding sheep in the lands surrounding the village near their settlement established on the Palestinian lands.  Ghazal added that the settlers’ attacks against the shepherds in Kisan recently escalated in addition to seizing vacant areas of lands and demolishing barracks.

  • On the same morning, a group of settlers from “Kiryat Arba” settlement established on confiscated Palestinian lands moved into eastern Hebron. Settlers uprooted about 100 olive seedlings planted one year ago from a 25-dunum land belonging to Aref Mohammad Omar Jaber (44) in al-Baqa’a area next to the aforementioned settlement. It is noteworthy that around two months ago, settlers built a room of bricks and wood on the aforementioned civilian’s land in an attempt to seize it. Jaber filed several complaints before the Israeli police about the recurrent attacks of settlers on his land.
  • At approximately 10:00, a group of settlers from “Ma’on” settlement established on the confiscated Palestinian lands in eastern Yatta, south of Hebron, attacked shepherds while herding their sheep in Sedet al-Tha’lah area, forcing them to leave the land. The Israeli authorities declared the area as a state property and started establishing settlement roads to reach the agricultural projects established by settlers there.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West Bank:

In addition to 108 permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 74 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 5 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Saturday, 23 January 2021, IOF tightened their measures at Jaba’ checkpoint, which connects between Jerusalem and Ramallah, and obstructed vehicles’ movement.
  • On Sunday, 24 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Tuesday, 26 January 2021, IOF tightened their measures at Jaba’ checkpoint, which connects between Jerusalem and Ramallah, and obstructed vehicles’ movement.
  • On Wednesday, 27 January 2021, IOF tightened their measures at Jaba’ checkpoint, which connects between Jerusalem and Ramallah, and obstructed vehicles’ movement. IOF also established 2 checkpoints at the eastern entrance to Hizma village and at Jaba village’s square, east of occupied East Jerusalem.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 21 January 2021m IOF established 2 checkpoints under the bridge of Atara village and at the entrance to Ein Yabrud village.
  • On Friday, 22 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir_Ibzi village.
  • On Saturday, 23 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Silwad, Deir_Ibzi and Nabi Salih villages.
  • On Sunday, 24 January 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beitin, Aboud, Ein Yabrud and Deir Dibwan villages.
  • On Monday, 25 January 2021, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Nabi Salih, Deir_Ibzi, Ras Karkar, Sinjil and Ein_Siniya villages.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 21 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrances to Tuqu village, at the northern entrance to Beit Fajjar village, and near al-Nashnash intersection, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 22 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrances to Tuqu village, at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, and near al-Nashnash intersection, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 24 January 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the western entrances to Tuqu village, at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, in ‘Aqabet Hussina area, and near al-Nashnash intersection, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 25 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, at the western entrance to Husan and near al-Nashnash intersection, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 26 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the western entrances to Tuqu village and near al-Nashnash intersection, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Wednesday, 27 January 2021, IOF stationed at al-Container checkpoint tightened their measures. IOF also established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village and in ‘Aqabet Hussina area.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 21 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 22 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 23 January 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho, at the entrance to Ein ad-Duyuk and on al-Mo’arajat road.
  • On Sunday, 24 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Monday, 25 January 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the intersection of al-Auja village, near the Arab Construction Project Association, east of the city, at the southern entrance to the city, and at the entrance to Ein ad-Duyuk village.
  • On Tuesday, 26 January 2021, IOF closed al-Hamra checkpoint for 3 consecutive hours, north of Jericho. IOF also obstructed the vehicles’ movement, forcing Palestinian civilians to pass through sub-roads. IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho and at the intersection of al-Auja

Nablus:

  • On Saturday, 23 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints near the intersection of Sarra village and neat the entrance to Tell village.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 21 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to ad-Dhahiriya and Sa’ir villages.
  • On Friday, 22 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Halhul city and at the entrances to Beit Ummar and Idhna villages.
  • On Saturday, 23 January 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Ummar, Beit Awwa, Khasa, and Ash-Shuyukh village.
  • On Sunday, 24 January 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Hebron, and at the entrances to as-Samu and Bani Na’im villages.
  • On Tuesday, 26 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhul city and at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 21 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Azzun village, east of the city, and at the northern entrance to Qalqilya and at the entrance to Hableh village.
  • On Friday, 22 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint between Izbat al-Ashqar and Kafr_Thulth village, east of the city.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 21 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Kafr ad-Dik and Deir Ballut villages, west of Salfit, and at the entrance to Salfit.
  • On Friday, 22 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Ballut and Kafr ad-Dik villages, north of Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 24 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Qarawat_Bani_Hassan, Kifl_Haris and Deir Ballut villages, west of Salfit.

Related

⁨انتخابات كلٌ يغني على ليلاه – New Elections or a Third Intifada?⁩

** Please scroll down for the English machine translation **

انتخابات كلٌ يغني على ليلاه

عمرو علان - Amro 🇵🇸 (@amrobilal77) | Twitter
*كاتب فلسطيني وباحث سياسي

عمرو علان

عربي 21، الجمعة 29 يناير\كانون الثاني 2021

تدخل القوى الفلسطينية معترك انتخابات المجلس التشريعي التي تم التوافق على إجرائها وكلٌ يغني على ليلاه، فمحمود عباس يسعى من وراء هذه الانتخابات إلى الحصول على إقرار بكونه الممثل الشرعي لكل الفصائل الفلسطينية في الضفة وقطاع غزة، وعينه على طاولة مفاوضات جديدة تُعْقَد بمباركة إدارة جو بايدن الأمريكية، وعلى استئناف تلقي المخصصات من الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية والكيان الصهيوني، فهو لم يَعُدْ عنده أي شيء آخر ليقدمه للفلسطينيين، سوى ربما المزيد من تنسيقه الأمني “المقدس” مع قوات الاحتلال وبلا أدنى خجل، ولا يحتاج الإنسان إلى الكثير من العناء لتوقُّع مصير هذه المفاوضات، فيكفي النظر إلى تجربة الثلاثة عقود المنصرمة، وإذا كان هذا غير كافٍ فيمكن الاستئناس بما قاله جو بايدن مؤخرا عندما بشّرنا بأن التوافق بين أطراف النزاع يحتاج إلى المزيد من الوقت، وطبعا الكيان الصهيوني مستمر أثناء ذلك في تنفيذ مشروعه بقضم القليل المتبقي من أراضي الضفة عبر زيادة الاستيطان، وصولا إلى تهجير من تبقّى من سكان الضفة لأن الصهيوني يريد الأرض دون البشر الذين عليها، ويقدر أحد أصحاب الرأي بأنه لن يمضي الكثير من الوقت قبل أن يبدأ المستوطنون بحملات الإرهاب ضد سكان الضفة، حملات بدأت بوادرها بالظهور من خلال القتل الاعتباطي لبعض سكان أراضي 67، ولِما لا والسلطة الفلسطينية صارت وظيفتها الوحيدة حفظ أمن المستوطنين موفرةً بذلك للكيان الغاصب أرخص احتلال عرفه التاريخ، هذا ولم نتحدث عن الانتشار المريب للسلاح غير المنضبط بين أيادي بعض المشبوهين من أهالي 48، الذي أدى إلى حصول عدة جرائم في الشهور الماضية.

إن كل ما شهدناه من سياسة الحرد التي اتبعها محمود عباس فترة حكم دونالد ترامب، وصولا إلى اجتماع أمناء الفصائل الفلسطينية في بيروت لم يكن إلا مجرد مناورات تكتيكية، والمضحك المبكي أنه كان يُصرّح طيلة تلك الفترة عن تمسكه باستراتيجية المفاوضات العقيمة، لكن هناك على الساحة الفلسطينية من لا يريد أن  يسمع.

أما حركة حماس فهي تأمل من وراء هذه الانتخابات الخروج من المأزق الذي وضعت نفسها فيه بعد خوضها انتخابات عام 2006، لعلها تستطيع تخفيف وطأة الحصار الظالم على قطاع غزة، وهنا يُطرح السؤال الوجيه الذي يرِدْ على لسان الكثيرين: كيف لانتخابات جديدة أن تؤدي إلى انهاء الانقسام بينما كان منشأ الانقسام انتخابات 2006 بالأصل؟

واهمٌ من يظن أن حصار فصائل المقاومة الفلسطينية في قطاع غزة سببه الانقسام، الحصار يا سادة سببه تمسك المقاومة الفلسطينية بالحقوق والثوابت الوطنية، وحملها عبء قضية فلسطين المقدسة، ومربط فرس الحصار عند كيان الاحتلال لا عند سواه، لذلك أي محاولات لفك الحصار أو تخفيفه لا تمر عبر الاشتباك مع العدو الذي يفرض الحصار لن تكون ذات جدوى، ولن تفضي إلا إلى المزيد من تعمق الأزمة وإضاعة الوقت والجهود.

تشهد الضفة هذه الفترة حالة غليان لا يمكن تجاهلها، والعمليات الفردية والبطولية المستمرة تدلل عل أن النار تحت الرماد، فلا يمر أسبوع دون حصول عملية أو اثنتين، فأيهما أجدى؟ تأطير هذه الطاقات وتفعيل الحراك الشعبي وصولا إلى الانتفاضة، أم تنفيس هذا الغضب الشعبي الكامن عبر دخول انتخابات غير مقتنع بجدواها غالبية الشعب الفلسطيني؟

شعبنا بعمومه مدرك لكون فكرة انتخابات تحت حراب الاحتلال الذي يتحكم بكل مفاصل الحياة في الضفة الغربية ما هي إلا مزحة سمجة، لكن أحد أخطر عواقب هذه المزحة السمجة إدخال الإحباط في نفوس الشباب الغاضب في الضفة وتثبيط هممه.

خروج المقاومة الفلسطينية من أزمتها وتخفيف الحصار الظالم المفروض عليها لن يكون عبر سلوك الطريق الأسهل غير المجدي بل من خلال الطريق الأنجع حتى ولو كان الأصعب، والانتفاضة الثالثة سيكون من شأنها قلب المعادلات وتغيير الوقائع، ناهيكم عن فرصتها الحقيقية في دحر الاحتلال عن أراضي 67 دون قيد أو شرط في ظل حالة التراجع التي يعيشها العدو الصهيوني، والتي باتت تتحدث عنها مراكز دراسات العدو ذاته، ولا يغرنكم حالة التذمر الشعبي من صلافة العيش وضيق الحال، فلتبدأ الخطوات الجدية اتجاه حراك شعبي منظم وانتفاضة جديدة وستجدون خلفكم مارد اسمه الشعب الفلسطيني، يعض على الجراح ويربط الحجَر على المَعِدة لكتم الجوع – متمثلا بالرسول الأعظم – في سبيل الهدف الوطني الأسمى. 

New Elections or a Third Intifada?

Amro Allan

عمرو علان - Amro 🇵🇸 (@amrobilal77) | Twitter
*Palestinian writer and Political researcher

Arabi 21, Friday January 29 2021

On the 15th of January Mahmoud Abbas called for new elections to be held in the next couple of months in the occupied territories. But let us ignore the fundamental contradiction of holding a poll in an occupied territory under the watch of the occupation forces for now, and try to look in the motives behind this step.

We believe that each of the Palestinian factions is planning to run in this elections with a different ulterior motive.

First, Mahmoud Abbas is seeking  recognition as the legitimate representative of all Palestinian factions in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. And all he has in mind is a new negotiating table held with the blessing of the new Joe Biden administration, and to resume receiving financial support from the United States of America and the Zionist Entity.  That is because he no longer has anything else to offer  to the Palestinians, except perhaps more security coordination with the occupation forces without any hint of shame. 

The outcome of this new negotiations is predictable, at least from the experience of the last three decades. And if this is not enough, we can draw on what Joe Biden has said recently when he warned that a consensus between the parties to the conflict needs more time. Of course, the Zionist Entity will continue to implement its project of annexing the little that remains from the West Bank lands by increasing settlement activities, with the aim to displace the remaining Palestinians in the West Bank. The Zionist Entity wants the land without the people on it. One expert envisages that it will not be long before the settlers start a campaigns of terror against the inhabitants of the West Bank; campaigns that began to appear through the arbitrary killing of some of the inhabitants of the territories occupied in 1967. And why not, when the Palestinian Authority sole function has become to maintain the security of the settlers. Thus, providing  the usurped entity the cheapest  occupation  in  history.

And we have not mentioned the suspicious appearance of uncontrolled weapons in the hands of some shady individuals in the territories occupied in 1948, which led to several homicides in the past few months alone.

All the steps that we witnessed from Mahmoud Abbas hinting to the withdrawal from the Oslo Accord during the days of Donald Trump was nothing but   a tactical maneuver. And the irony is that he was openly reaffirming all along his adherence to his futile strategy of negotiations.

Turning to Hamas, we find that it hopes that the new elections will break the deadlock in which they set themselves up after the last elections in 2006. Also, they hope to ease the unjust blockade on the Gaza Strip as they believe that a new elections will lead to unity between Hamas and Fatah. But here the valid question arises: how can new elections lead to an end to the division between Hamas and Fatah, when the elections of 2006 was what caused the current division in the first place?

In any case,, all who think that the siege of the Palestinian  resistance  factions in the Gaza Strip is because of the current division are deluded. The siege, gentlemen, is because of the Palestinian resistance’s adherence to the Palestinian’s national rights and principles, as well as carrying the burden of the holy cause of liberating Palestine.

The siege locks are in the hands of the Occupation Entity and not in Abbas’s hands nor any one else. Thus, any attempts to dismantle or ease the siege do not pass through the clash with the occupation which imposes the blockade will be sterile, and will only lead to further deepening of the crisis and wasting more time and efforts.

We have been witnessing a boiling situation over the passed year or two in the West Bank that cannot be ignored, and the continuous individual and heroic operations almost on a weekly bases clearly indicate that the fire is under the ashes. So which is more useful then, Framing  these energies and activating the popular movement to the intifada, or venting this underlying popular anger by running a new elections? 

The Palestinians in their majority are not convinced of the usefulness of this new elections. Our people in general are aware that the idea of elections under the bayonets of the occupation, which controls every detail of the life in the West Bank, is nothing but a joke. But one of the most serious consequences of this silly joke is to introduce dismay in the hearts of angry youth in the West Bank and discourage them.

The Palestinian resistance’s exit from its crisis, and the easing of the unjust siege imposed on it will not be through the easier and useless way, but through the most effective way, even if it is the more difficult one. And a third intifada will change the status-quo and the facts on the ground. Not to mention its real chance to force the occupation withdrawal from the 1967 territories without conditions.

Today the Zionist Entity is witnessing a real deterioration due to many reasons. Even ‘Israel’ thinktanks and strategic  centers acknowledge this deterioration , and it would be wise of the Palestinians to build on these new conditions. 

Finally, to the Palestinian resistance factions we say, do not be fooled by the discontent displayed by many Palestinians because of the present harsh economic situation in Palestine, let the serious steps towards an organised popular movement and a new intifada begin, and you will find behind you a giant called the Palestinian people, who will bear their wounds, and tie the stone on the stomach to bate the hunger as Prophet Muhammad, peace be on him, once did, for the sake of the supreme Palestinian national goal.

HRW: “Israel” Systematically Repressed Palestinians in 2020

HRW: “Israel” Systematically Repressed Palestinians in 2020

By Staff, Agencies

Human Rights Watch [HRW] says the apartheid “Israeli” regime “systematically repressed and discriminated” against Palestinians last year.

HRW said in a report on the year 2020 that the “Israeli” regime’s practices “far exceeded the security justifications” it often gave.

In the occupied West Bank, including East al-Quds [Jerusalem], the “Israeli” Occupation Forces [IOF] martyred 20 Palestinians and injured at least 2,001 as of October 5, HRW cited figures presented by the United Nations [UN] Office of Coordination for Humanitarian Affairs [OCHA].

“‘Israeli’ authorities have rarely held accountable security forces who used excessive force or settlers who attacked Palestinians,” HRW said.

It also cited the “Jerusalem [al-Quds] Legal Aid and Human Rights Center” as saying that the apartheid  “Israeli” entity held, as of September, the bodies of 67 Palestinians martyred since 2015.

The apartheid “Israeli” regime said in September last year that it would use the bodies of deceased Palestinians as bargaining chips to have the bodies of IOF members purportedly held by resistance factions in Gaza released.

The HRW also criticized the entity’s 13-year-old siege of the Gaza Strip and other restrictions imposed on the Palestinians in the enclave.

“These restrictions, not based on an individualized assessment of security risk, robbed with rare exceptions the 2 million Palestinians living there [the Gaza Strip] of their right to freedom of movement, limited their access to electricity and water, and devastated the economy,” the organization said.

The HRW also denounced the “Israeli” move to tighten the restrictions in August as “unlawful collective punishment.”

The report added that, “Egypt also sharply restricted the movement of people and goods at its Rafah crossing with Gaza.”

The New York-based group also said that the apartheid “Israeli” regime facilitated the further transfer of “Israelis” into settlements constructed in the occupied West Bank, slamming the practice as “a war crime”.

The HRW referred to a report by Peace Now in which the “Israeli” group said the “Israeli” entity last year approved the construction of more settler units in the occupied West Bank – 12,159 as of October 15 –more than in any other year since the group began tracking those statistics in 2012.

More than 600,000 “Israeli” settlers live in over 230 settlements built since the 1967 “Israeli” occupation of the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and East al-Quds.

All “Israeli” settlements are illegal under international law as they are built on occupied land.

The HRW also cited OCHA as saying that the “Israeli” entity demolished 568 Palestinian houses and other structures in the West Bank, including in East al-Quds, as of October 19, 2020, leaving 759 people displaced.

Most buildings were demolished under the pretext of lacking “Israeli” building permits, which are almost never given.

Referring to about 600 checkpoints and other permanent obstacles set up by the entity within the West Bank as of June, the HRW said, “‘Israeli’ forces routinely turn away or humiliate and delay Palestinians at checkpoints without explanation.”

Anis al Naqqash: how Soleimani and Mugniyeh helped Palestine

PCHR Demands Relief for Workers Hurt by the Coronavirus Pandemic

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Date: 14 December 2020

Time: 08:00 GMT

The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights follows with concern the humanitarian conditions of Gaza Strip’s workers under the government-imposed restriction to curb the spread of the coronavirus, including nighttime curfew and weekend shutdowns that stated last Saturday, 11 December 2020. PCHR warns of the catastrophic deterioration in the living conditions of thousands of workers who lack the minimum standards for dignified life due to the shutdown or reduced work in the facilities they work in. PCHR demands the Palestinian government and the Gaza authorities to support these workers without political or geographical discrimination.

According to PCHR’s follow-up, at least 160,000 workers, mostly daily workers who earned a living through daily work in institutions and facilities that had shutdown or reduced operations due to the Covid-19 pandemic, mainly factories, shops, schools, universities and daycares, as well as, wedding halls, restaurants, coffee shops, popular markers and in transportation. These workers have lost their sources of income and their means to support their families’ minimum needs. Some workers were let go or their hours/workdays were reduced, others had pay cuts inflicted on their already low wages; 80% received wages below the minimum wage decided in the Council of Ministers decision No. 11 of 2012, which set the minimum wages at 1,450ILS/month, and minimum wages for daily workers, especially those working on ad-hoc basis, to 64 ILS/day.

PCHR has monitored the government interventions to support workers who lost their sources of income. The Palestinian government, through the “Waqfat Ezz” Fund – Ministry of Social Development, has released a one-time relief payment of USD 150-200 to 5,000 workers from the Gaza Strip.[1] The Gaza authorities, mainly the Ministry of Labor, released a one-time relief payment of USD 100 for 81,850 workers affected by the pandemic in four installments. According to Eng. Maher Abu-Raya, Director General of Employment at the Ministry of Labor, said that the Gaza government’s relief payment was funded by the Gaza-Ministry of Finance, the Qatari fund and the International Committee of the Red Cross.

The government action to relieve the pandemic’s negative impact on the Gaza Strip’s workers during the state of emergency do not meet their minimum needs and did not cover all affected workers. Also, the fact that these were one-time payments does not support workers’ livelihoods, especially that they have been out of work for a lengthy period. Even more, many workers and union members complained that they were deprived of any government aid and it was not distributed on a clear criterion.

Even before the curfew was imposed, which is deemed necessary for the sake of public safety, the people of the Gaza Strip suffered from harsh living conditions with high rates of unemployment and poverty due to the Israeli-imposed closure on the Gaza Strip for the last 14 years and the accompanying restrictions on the movement of persons and goods, the ban on exports, targeted attacks on the industrial and production sectors and destroying 70% of both sectors during past Israeli offensives on the Gaza Strip.

All of the above was a main contributing factor to the increased unemployment rate in the Gaza Strip to 45% (i.e. 217,100 unemployed workers) and resulted in a 53% poverty rate among its population. Meanwhile, more than 62.2% of the Gaza population suffer from food insecurity according to the UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

In light of its fear of deteriorating living conditions for the Gaza Strip workers, especially per-day workers, in the case of a prolonged emergency situation, PCHR:

  • Believes that the Israeli-imposed closure on the Gaza Strip has led to this catastrophic situation, and the international community bears responsibility for the continuation of the closure for 14 years, due to its utter failure to take effective measures to end the closure, which encouraged Israel to act as a State above the law and to perpetrate further violations of international human rights law and humanitarian law;
  • Calls on the Palestinian government to create clear mechanisms for the relief of the Gaza Strip workers and expand the scope of support for workers affected by the pandemic, as the support should include all workers in all sectors, especially daily workers. Thus, we can ensure that workers enjoy a decent standard of living, and are able to provide their basic needs;
  • Calls upon the Palestinian government to find alternatives and solutions to help the affected workers; prominently the government should apply the Labor Law as a legal umbrella to preserve workers’ rights during these compelling circumstances; also, governmental support should be given to affected companies and institutions to be able to fulfill their duties towards their employees; and
  • Calls upon the Palestinian government to follow up on the commitment of private companies and institutions to paying workers’ wages during the lockdown, as stipulated in Article 38 of the Labor Law, which remains in force during the declared state of emergency, while underlining the importance of government support to affected companies and institutions to be able to fulfill their duties to their employees.

[1] Gaza – Palestine General Federation of Trade Unions data

Israel’s Honeymoon with the United Arab Emirates Is Grotesque

By Belén Fernández

Global Research,

December 10, 2020Jacobin 7 December 2020

Since normalizing relations in September, Israel and the United Arab Emirates have teamed up to do what both do best: trample on democratic freedoms, commit atrocities, and whitewash occupation.

***

Back in 2010, the New York Times’ Thomas Friedman issued the following complaint: “Destructive critics dismiss Gaza as an Israeli prison, without ever mentioning that had Hamas decided — after Israel unilaterally left Gaza — to turn it into Dubai rather than Tehran, Israel would have behaved differently, too.”

Never mind that Israel never “left” Gaza — or that even if Hamas had managed to transform the diminutive Palestinian coastal enclave into the capital of Iran, international law would not have authorized the Israelis to then convert it into the “world’s largest open-air prison.” It’s also unclear how any territory could be turned into Dubai while under siege and frequent bombardment, or how Gazans would go about building malls with ski slopes — or building anything, for that matter — when Israel intermittently blocks construction materials from coming into the narrow strip of land.

Now, courtesy of the September normalization agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates — the culmination of a long-standing clandestine love affair — it seems the Palestinians will finally get to experience a taste of Dubai. (And Emirati alcohol consumers will get a taste of Israeli-made wine from the illegally occupied Golan Heights.)

In a recent CNN dispatch titled “The UAE and Israel’s whirlwind honeymoon has gone beyond normalization,” correspondent Ben Wedeman writes of the “mutual enthusiasm” infecting the Israeli government and the federation of Arab sheikhdoms, so much so that the UAE “appears to have dropped, in practical terms, any objections to Israel’s occupation of Arab lands.” That’s no accident. Disappearing the occupation is a primary function of normalization, fitting right in with the Friedmanite approach to Middle East peace, which posits that, if the Palestinians would just stop bitching about being occupied and massacred and get on with their lives, they, too, could be Dubai — the equivalent of telling a person in a burning house to simply ignore the flames.A Special Relationship Born in Hell: The US Should Cut all Ties with War Criminal Israel

Wedeman catalogues the perks of the overzealous Emirati-Israeli honeymoon: mutual visa exemption, the aforementioned wine, an excursion to the UAE by Israeli settler leaders from the West Bank, direct flights between Tel Aviv and Abu Dhabi scheduled to start early next year, and an arrangement where the UAE will “finance with the US and Israel a project to ‘modernize’ Israeli checkpoints in the West Bank used to control and monitor the movement of Palestinians.”

Presumably, “modernization” does not mean that Israeli soldiers will stop beatingkilling, detaining, and otherwise abusing Palestinians at checkpoints. But perhaps the Emiratis can help install state-of-the-art mobile maternity wards to deal with the Palestinian women forced to give birth there.

To be sure, it’s not like the checkpoints aren’t “modern” enough already. As NBC News reported last year, Microsoft has “invested in a startup that uses facial recognition to surveil Palestinians throughout the West Bank, in spite of the tech giant’s public pledge to avoid using the technology if it encroaches on democratic freedoms.”

That’s no turnoff for the UAE, where democratic freedoms are entirely absent and the slightest criticism of the government is grounds for detentiontorture, or disappearance. And what do you know: Emirati-Israeli collaboration regarding surveillance far predated the official unveiling of amorous bilateral relations. In 2015, a Middle East Eye article quoted a description of Abu Dhabi’s Israeli-installed mass civil spying system: “Every person is monitored from the moment they leave their doorstep to the moment they return to it. Their work, social and behavioral patterns are recorded, analyzed and archived.”

Call it modern barbarism — a right-wing neoliberal dream where basic rights are supplanted by skyscrapers, artificial islands, the annual Dubai Shopping Festival, and other distracting obscenities built on the backs of a migrant work force toiling in “virtual slavery.”

For their normalization efforts, Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Abu Dhabi crown prince Mohammed bin Zayed have been nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize. Perverse, unless you recall that former US president Barack Obama, the man who ordered the dropping of at least 26,171 bombs on seven Muslim-majority countries in 2016 alone, also received the prize. “Peace,” meanwhile, is not currently an option for Palestinians, Yemenis, and other regional inhabitants whose lives are sacrificed in the interest of arms industry profits and similar fixtures of “modernity” — all with US backing, and an imperial narrative that insists Iran is the one causing all the trouble.

So the honeymooners are getting off scot-free, whether for killing 2,251 people in Gaza in a matter of fifty days or for helping oversee the sexual torture of Yemeni detainees and mass starvation of Yemeni children as part of the Saudi-led coalition. And as normalization forges ahead, it’s nothing short of terrifying that anyone finds this normal.

*

Note to readers: please click the share buttons above or below. Forward this article to your email lists. Crosspost on your blog site, internet forums. etc.

Belén Fernández is the author of The Imperial Messenger: Thomas Friedman at WorkMarytrs Never Die: Travels through South Lebanon, and, most recently, Exile: Rejecting America and Finding the World. She is a contributing editor at Jacobin.

Featured image is from DesertpeaceThe original source of this article is JacobinCopyright © Belén FernándezJacobin, 2020

From Turtle Island to Palestine: There is No Going Back to “Normal”

December 8, 2020

Gaza authorities are desperately trying to contain the spread of the COVID-19 disease.(Photo: Fawzi Mahmoud, The Palestine Chronicle)

By Benay Blend

Shortly before Thanksgiving social media was abuzz with news that President-Elect Joe Biden had conferred with New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Arden over what measure to take regarding the Coronavirus crisis in the States. At the time of their conversation, New Zealand had just 58 active cases of the virus, all in managed isolation facilities. Moreover, because of strict lockdowns, it had recorded just over 2000 cases and 25 deaths. In contrast, over 255,000 lives have been lost in the United States, where new restrictions do not match New Zealand’s lockdown.

“I offered to him and his team access to New Zealand health officials in order to share their experience on things we’ve learnt on our Covid-19 journey,” Ardern said, but she cautioned that replicating the nation’s model everywhere may not be possible.

“While New Zealand has a number of natural advantages that have assisted us in managing the virus,” she explained, “I do absolutely believe that international cooperation continues to be key to getting the virus under control and we are happy to work with any country to share our knowledge and data if it’s helpful.”

It’s good that Biden is opening channels for communication that Trump preferred to close. Nevertheless, there is more to do than just the immediate problem of containing a virus that exposed all of the country’s preexisting problems.

Without those extra measures it will be pandemic redux the next time that there is a crisis. For the United States and for Palestine, both internally and in relationship with each other, there never was a “normal” which reflected models of social justice.

“Our country needs to get it together and start taking care of its people during a pandemic,” explains Rep. Rashida Tlaib. “There is no vaccine that will cure the economic hardship that COVID-19 has caused our communities.”

Perhaps the most important idem post-Covid idem will be healthcare. Writing for Black Agenda Report, Margaret Flowers warns that in a time of rising unemployment in which workers are losing, too, their healthcare, anything less than universal healthcare is unacceptable.

“In a time of the COVID-19 pandemic when over 250,000 people have already died and the University of Washington predicts  over 500,000 deaths by the end of February,” writes Flowers, “we cannot allow a repeat of the failed ACA [Affordable Care Act].” Since its inception, she points out, health insurance and pharmaceutical corporate profits have risen while people still cannot afford to pay for healthcare.

Moreover, Flowers writes, the “racist roots of healthcare in this country run as deep as the slavery underpinnings of policing.”  There is no vaccine, however, to end police shootings of civilians, in particular the poor and people of color. For example, I live in New Mexico, a state with a liberal governor, yet the police recently murdered Rodney Applewhite, a young black man who was simply traveling through on his way to visit his mother.

“The community has a right to know what happened to Rodney,” said Selinda Guerrero, who belongs to the two groups–Building Power for Black New Mexico and Millions for Prisoners New Mexico—responsible for organizing a protest on November 4th in Santa Fe. “We have a right to know, and transparency has not happened yet. [New Mexico State Police] have not revealed what happened to Rodney on the side of that rural highway.”

It is no coincidence that Palestinians suffer, too, at the hands of Israeli police, as almost every time a shooting makes news here there is a similar instance there. On November 4th, not long after Applewhite’s death, Israeli occupation forces murdered 13-year-old Ali Ayman Abu-Alayya while he was participating in a peaceful anti-settlement protest.

Not only do Palestinians endure the same restrictions as the poor and people of color in the US—lack of adequate health care and compensation for paychecks lost while sick, not to mention unemployment—they are doing so under the added layer of the occupation.

Writes Yumna Patel: “It’s become increasingly clear that the last two months of 2020 aren’t going to be as easy as we thought — in Palestine, or anywhere else.”

Without an end to the occupation, the outlook for 2021 does not bode well. Apparently, Israel has agreed to transfer millions of doses of COVID-19 treatment to Palestinian medical workers in the coming weeks. Even so, there is no vaccine to take the place of resistance as it is the only cure for the Occupation.

There is no remedy for the violence of settler-colonial regimes, whether in Palestine or the United States, except for world-wide decolonial movements. Moreover, as Ramzy Baroud explains,

“Any solidarity that deviates from the current aspirations of Palestinians – as articulated by their fighting women and men, by their prisoners on hunger strikes, by their students fighting for the right to education, by these resilient, but often neglected voices – is not true solidarity.”

Writing for Adalah Justice Project, Sumaya Awad and Sandra Tamari warn that “if we limit our demands to what is pragmatic or politically expedient, our movements for justice will always fall short. Let’s dream bigger than what the Democratic Party is selling as progress. Let’s collectively demand the world we know is possible, one where oppressed peoples, from Palestine to Kashmir to Flint, rise up to take control of their own lives.”

In a post-Covid world, there will be no change from above, as President-elect Joe Biden has surrounded himself with old-guard politicians devoted to maintaining the status quo, whether it be national healthcare, support for Israel, prison abolition, or all of the other fault lines exposed by the Coronavirus.

– Benay Blend earned her doctorate in American Studies from the University of New Mexico. Her scholarly works include Douglas Vakoch and Sam Mickey, Eds. (2017), “’Neither Homeland Nor Exile are Words’: ‘Situated Knowledge’ in the Works of Palestinian and Native American Writers”. She contributed this article to The Palestine Chronicle.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (05- 11 November 2020)

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05 – 11 November 2020

  • In 96 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 94 civilians arrested, including 9 children, 2 women (including a journalist)
  • IOF raids a hospital in Tulkarm and fired sound bombs inside its premises, inciting fear among patients and medical crews
  • IOF demolished a house and a car wash in Jerusalem, and bulldozed an aluminium workshop in Hebron
  • IOF established 70 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, Kamal N. Abu-Wa’ar, a 46-year-old Palestinian imprisoned by Israel for the last 17 years was pronounced dead on Tuesday evening, 10 November 2020, at Shamir Medical Center in Israel. The late Abu-Wa’ar, originally from Yabad village near Jenin, suffered throat cancer and his health had been steadily declining for over a year. Abu-Wa’ar is the second prisoner to die in Israeli prison this year.

Abu-Wa’ar’s death shed a light on the general decline in the living conditions for thousands of Palestinians in Israeli prisons, and reveals the extent of punitive measure Israel shamelessly adopts against them; namely medical negligence, as Israeli authorities delay offering needed medical treatment, and do not provide the necessary medications for hundreds of prisoners with chronic and dangerous diseases. This manifestation is a serious violation of the occupation authority’s duties to provide humane imprisonment conditions and health care pursuant to the Fourth Geneva Convention stipulations, particularly Articles 85 and 125.

IOF also continued to create new facts on the ground by maintaining its policy of demolishing, confiscating and razing Palestinian houses and properties for its settlement expansion schemes in the West Bank.

This week, PCHR documented 180 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

Seven Palestinian civilians, including 3 children, sustained wounds in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank; as well as one fisherman in Gaza. Also this week, IOF raided Dr. Thabet Thabet Hospital in Tulkarem, northern West Bank; fired sound bombs in the emergency room terrorizing patients and medical crews and causing damage.

In the Gaza Strip, six IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip; and two other shooting incidents against fishing boats, western Gaza.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 96 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 94 Palestinians were arrested, including 9 children and 2 women (one is journalist). In Gaza, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Central Gaza.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 7 incidents, including:

  • Bethlehem: a Palestinian was served a notice to vacate his land for planned confiscation; an agricultural room was demolished;
  • East Jerusalem: Demolitions in Wadi Al-Rababa – Silwan village; a car wash, container and barracks were demolished in ‘Anata; and a house demolished in Sur Baher.
  • Hebron: an aluminium workshop destroyed; 5 cease-construction served to 3 Palestinians for alleged unlicensed construction.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented an incident where a group of settlers detained a Palestinian in his land in al-Rajman area, Beit Dajan, Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 17:00 on Thursday, 05 November 2020, IOF gunboats stationed off al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 2 nautical miles, opened heavy fire and pumped water at them, causing fear and panic among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:00 on Friday, 06 November 2020, IOF stationed near the annexation wall along Eastern Toura village borders, west of Jenin, opened fire at a 25-year-old civilian, from Nazlet Zeid village, when he was near the security fence. As a result, he was injured with a bullet in the right shoulder.
  • At approximately 09:40, IOF stationed inside the Gaza-Israel border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in Central Gaza Strip opened fire at the agricultural lands by the landfill, west of the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00, Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyah area in central Hebron and threw stones and empty bottles at the checkpoint established at the entrance to the closed Shuhadaa’ Street leading to Tel Rumeida area. IOF fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers and chased them to the market area, forcing shops to close.  The clashes continued until 18:00, but no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 12:30 on Saturday, 07 November 2020, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area and clashed with them, firing rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a 22-year-old civilian was injured with a rubber bullet in the back while another 20-year-old was injured with a rubber bullet in the foot.
  • At approximately 16:00, an IOF infantry unit moved from the watchtower established at the western entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp, into the refugee camp, north of Hebron.  The soldiers deployed between houses, and young men gathered in the area and confronted the troops by throwing stones at them.  The soldiers chased the stone-throwers through the neighborhoods, firing sound bombs and teargas canisters.  As a result, a number of young men suffocated due to teargas inhalation.  The soldiers were in the camp until 18:00 while no house raids were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF gunboats stationed off al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 1 nautical mile and opened heavy fire at them.  As a result, Mohammad ‘Ali Yasin Zayed (26),  fisherman from Beit Lahia, sustained a minor injury caused by a rubber bullet in the left thigh when he was on a boat with his brother, Maysarah (18). The shooting and chasing also caused fear and panic among fishermen and forced them to flee.
  • At approximately 07:00 on Sunday, 08 November 2020, IOF stationed inside the Gaza-Israel border fence, northeast of al-Bureij in central Gaza Strip, fired teargas canisters at bird hunters, west of the border fence.  No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF stationed inside the border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at the agricultural lands and a sanitation truck in eastern ‘Abasan town adjacent to the fence.  No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 20:00, Karam Eyad Mahmoud Sammar (17) from al-Yamun village, northwest of Jenin, sustained various bruises all over his body  after being assaulted by IOF when he was near the security fence in Rumana village to the western side of Jenin.  An ambulance arrived and took him to the Governmental Hospital in Jenin. Sammar was trying to infiltrate into Israel via the security fence seeking a job opportunity. 
  • At approximately 01:30 on Monday, 09 November 2020, IOF raided Dr. Thabet Thabet Governmental Hospital, IOF moved into the Hospital’s western yard in Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. One of its soldiers fired sound bombs inside the Emergency Department, causing fear among patients and their companions and some damage. 
  • At approximately 08:00 on Monday, 09 November 2020, IOF inside the border fence, northeast of al-Bureij in central Gaza Strip fired teargas canisters at some bird hunters, west of the border fence.  No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:30 on Tuesday 10 November 2020, IOF stationed inside the Gaza – Israel border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at the adjacent agricultural lands in eastern Qarara. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into ‘Ebeid neighborhood, west of al-‘Isawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.  They deployed in the neighborhood and established checkpoints at the main entrance.  Meanwhile, young Palestinian men protested and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov Cocktails at the IOF, who responded by firing rubber-coated metal bullets, teargas canisters and sound bombs at the protesters.  IOF arrested Anwar Sai ‘Abeid (22).
  • Also on Tuesday evening, Kamal N. Abu-Wa’ar, a 46-year-old Palestinian imprisoned by Israel for the last 17 years was pronounced dead on Tuesday evening, 10 November 2020, at Shamir Medical Center in Israel. The late Abu-Wa’ar, originally from Yabad village near Jenin, suffered throat cancer and his health had been steadily declining for over a year.

In October 2019, Abu-Wa’ar, who was imprisoned at Jalbou’ prison, was diagnosed with throat cancer and transferred to Rambam Hospital in Haifa for chemotherapy, which was delivered to him via a chest-tube. His health condition rapidly deteriorated, as he suffered breakdown of platelets, extreme fatigue, and difficulty breathing, dysphasia, and extreme weight loss as he required tube feeding, according to the Commission of Detainees Affairs. Last July, Abu Wa’ar contracted COVID-19 and was transferred from Jalbou’ prison to Ramla Prison Clinic. He was put on an assistive breathing device; but unfortunately, his health continued to decline, and he was transferred back to Shamir Medical Center where he was pronounced dead yesterday.

Abu-Wa’ar’s death shed a light on the general decline in the living conditions for thousands of Palestinians in Israeli prisons, and reveals the extent of punitive measure Israel shamelessly adopts against them; namely medical negligence, as Israeli authorities delay offering needed medical treatment, and do not provide the necessary medications for hundreds of prisoners with chronic and dangerous diseases. This manifestation is a serious violation of the occupation authority’s duties to provide humane imprisonment conditions and health care pursuant to the Fourth Geneva Convention stipulations, particularly Articles 85 and 125.

Also, Abu-Wa’ar’s death highlights the persistent Israeli disregard for repeated calls for the release of dozens of Palestinian prisoners with chronic and serious diseases who have spent many years behind bars, all the while neglecting its duty to provide them with adequate health care services. Many Palestinian prisoners lost their lives due to this deliberate indifference, the latest victim was Sa’di Khalil al-Gharabli (74) from Gaza City, who died on 08 July 2020, after spending 26 years in imprisonment, and had suffered chronic diseases, including prostate cancer; yet, he was left to die in prison.

  • At approximately 06:50 on Wednesday, 11 November 2020, IOF stationed inside the Gaza-Israel border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at the adjacent agricultural lands and bird hunters, east of Khuza’a. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF stationed by the annexation wall near “Oranit” settlement, southern Qalqilya, opened fire at a group of Palestinians attempting to cross into their lands to harvest olive trees in Azzun Atma village. As a result, Mo’nes M. I. Younis (16) from Sanniriya village, Qalqilya, sustained three rubber-bullet injuries in the abdomen and feet. He was immediately transported to Yaser Arafat Hospital in Salfit for treatment.
  • At approximately 13:00, a group of Palestinians gathered by the entrance of Fawwar refugee camp, Hebron, where IOF maintain a military watchtower. The group blocked the road and set tiers ablaze. Two IOF patrols arrived at the camp’s main road and were met with stones; soldiers chased the boys across fields and fired stun grenades and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, many suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. The clashes continued until 17:00, during which IOF closed the camp’s entrance and banned traffic to and from the camp.
  • At approximately 15:00, a group of young men and boys gathered by the entrance to Beit Ummar village, northern Hebron, where IOF maintain a military watchtower. The group threw stones at the watchtower and set tires on fire. IOF military vehicles arrived at the village; soldiers chased the stone-throwers in Asida area and fired stun grenades and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, many suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. The clashes continued until18:30, IOF fired rubber bullets and injured a 14-year-old boy in his right hand, and a 16-year-old boy in his left leg. They were both transported to the emergency department in the village.
  • At approximately 15:30, a group of young men and boys gathered by al-Bireh’s northern entrance and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at al-Mahkama military checkpoint, established near “Beit El” settlement, north of al-Bireh. A group of soldiers fired tear gas and stun grenades, as well as rubber bullets and clashes erupted causing dozens of cases of tear-gas inhalation. IOF chased and arrested: Amro A. Arar (19); Ahmed H. Dar Omar (20) from Qarawat Bani Zeid village, northwestern Ramallah. The group gathered again and threw stones at the soldiers stationed behind cement blocks; the soldiers responded with shooting tear gas canisters, directly aimed at the boys, and chased them. They arrested 6 Palestinians, including 2 children and detained them inside al-Mahkama checkpoint. The arrestees are: Mounir S. Abu-Arkoub (17), from Kafr Ein village; Yousif A. Dardas (17) and Khaled M. al-Masri (24) from Abwein village; Fathi M. Fahel (20) from Kobar village; Amer A. Qendah (18), from Abu Shukheidim village; and Baraa Shalaldeh (20), from Ramallah.

II. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 05 November 2020:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast to the occupied East  Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yazan Amjad Obaid’s (19) house and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Khillat Hadour, the southern area of Hebron. They raided and searched Abdullah Wissam Abu Shamsiya’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Illar, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians and released them later. The arrestees are: Emad Ahmed Abu Esba, Nazeer Mohammed Nassar, Jameel Jamal Ja’ar, Jaser Mohammed Kharouf, and Nader Salem Kharouf.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Attil village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Marwan Mahmoud Sidqi and Amjad Adnan Abu Khalil. They were released later.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Deir al-Ghusun village, north of Tulkarm. They arrested Fo’ad Mohammed al-Qeb and released him later.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Seida village, north of Tulkarm, and arrested Lo’ay Fadi al-Ashqar and Fadi Monther Raddad. IOF released them later.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Abu Freiha area in Beit Sahur. They raided and searched Hamada Omar Abayat’s (30) house and took him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yazan Amjad Obaid (19), and Yazan Emran Obaid (18), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Abdullah Mohammed Rasras’ (25) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Deir Sharaf village, west of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Fakher ‘Aqil As’ad Zaghloul (22).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Ali Shalalida’s house and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into Azun, east of Qalqiliya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians. The arrestees are: Abdul Karim Yaser Hussain (24), Mostafa Sufian al-Riyashi (23), and Zeid Fathi Swaidan (19).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Beit Rima village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ghassan Ehsan al-Rimawi’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stormed a bird’s store bear Road 90 in al-Auja village, north of Jericho governorate. They raided and searched the store which belongs to Omar Nasrallah al-Salaima and confiscated about 20 birds (various kinds).
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Wadi al-Joz, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched the Secretary General of the Clans of Jerusalem and Palestine, and head of the Arab Jerusalem Campaign, Abdullah Hasan ‘Alqam (53), and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ali Mohammed al-Kaswani’s (18) house and took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Sebstia in Nablus governorate; al-Nazla al-Sharqiya and al-Wusta, north of Tulkarm; Azun, east of Qalqilya; and Kafr Ne’ma, west of Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 06 November 2020:

  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbiya village, north of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Laith Mahmoud Ladadwa’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. They deployed among civilians’ houses and stormed two houses belonging to Najeeb Awni Hawil (30) and Ahmed Mahmoud Nasharti (28).
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Beit Kahil and Deir al-‘Asal, in Hebron governorate; Ramallah and Bituniya, west of Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 07 November 2020:

  • At approximately 22:00, IOF arrested Hamza al-Tamimi (22), from Dahiyat al-Salam area in Anata, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem, while appearing for a summons from the Israeli Intelligence Services, and he was brought to the court the next morning. It should be noted that al-Tamimi was arrested a day before his wedding day.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested Mosbah Majed al-Waridat (33), from al-Thahiriya, south of Hebron, while present near the border fence near “Meitar” military checkpoint, west of the village. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed at Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Monjed Mohammed al-Darawish (27), from Dura, south of Hebron governorate, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions into Yatta, Hebron and Surif. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 08 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into the prisoner Nazmi Mohammed Abu Baker’s (49) house, from Yabad, west of Jenin. They raided and searched the house and no arrests were reported. It should be noted that Abu Baker was accused of killing an Israeli soldier by throwing a stone at his head in an IOF raid into the village in May 2020.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians; Ahmed Marwan Abu Jom’a (20), Ameer Ra’ed Abu Mfareh (21), Mohammed Naji Abu Jom’a (18), and Abdullah Mohammed Abu Jom’a (19).
  • At approximately 10:00, Ali Belal Taha (17), from Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem, surrendered himself to al-Ramla prison to serve his 4 and a half months sentence. Taha was previously injured by IOF.

Bilal Taha stated that his son, Ali, received a summons to surrender himself after being sentenced to jail last week. Taha would stay in al-Ramla prison for 2 weeks (within the COVID-19 preventive measures) then he will be transferred to al-Damoun prison to serve the full duration of his sentence. Taha said that his son was injured in 02 July 2019, while passing through Shu’fat refugee camp’s checkpoint, when IOF opened fire at him and shot him in the leg.  IOF arrested him while he was bleeding; despite the injury they assaulted him and detained him in a room before transferring him to the hospital via an Israeli ambulance. His family knew nothing about him, and they were banned from accompanying him. Taha added that Ali spent 14 days under arrest in the hospital despite his injury, then he was released on an open-ended house arrest in Beit Hanina. In September 2019, his sentence was reduced from the house arrest in Beit Hanina to house arrest in his house in Shu’fat refugee camp. He also mentioned that Ali had received 8 surgeries and is still in need for two others.

  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Shady Saad al-Mtour’s (44) house, the Secretary of Fatah movement in Jerusalem, and handed him a summons to refer to al-Maskoubeya investigation center in West Jerusalem.

Fadi al-Mtour, Shady’s brother, said that the Israeli Intelligence Services interrogated his brother for several hours and then they handed him a decision signed by the Israeli Minister of Internal Security that imposed restrictions on his movement claiming that he was perpetuating Palestinian sovereignty inside Jerusalem and threatening the security of Israel. Fadi added that his brother was prevented from making any activities in Jerusalem or providing any assistances, even humanitarian, for the city residents; he was also banned from organizing or participating in any conferences or events in the city. It should be noted that this decision came after dozens of decisions, summonses, and arrests against Mr. al-Mtour, including banning his entry to al-Aqsa Mosque and Jerusalem’s Old City, and prohibition on his contact with 22 activists and prominent figures.

  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed at Bab Huta, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, arrested Shady Talal Abu Snaina (26). He was taken to one of the police stations in the city.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF arrested 3 civilians from al-Jalama village, north of Jenin, attempted to enter Israel through the annexation wall’s gate for work. IOF took Mohammed Yaser Sha’ban, Mohammed Zakaria Hamdan, and Fadi Mohye Abu Farha to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Bab Huta, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Rami Saleh al-Fakhouri’s (29) house and confiscated all the cell phones in the house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into al-Sa’diya neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Mohammed Khaled Hazina’s (24) house, confiscated all the cell phones in the house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Silwan’s central neighborhood, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Marwan Othman al-Ghoul’s (46) house, director of Silwan GYM, and handed him a summons to refer to the Maskoubeya police station on the next day.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions into Seida town, northeastern Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 09 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Salah al-Masa’eed’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in al-Binouk and Abu Hilal neighborhoods. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Mohammed Yousef Shahin (29) and Mo’ayad Waleed Amro (19).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Ta’mir village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians including 3 brothers. The arrestees are: Murad Mohammed Abu Muhaimed (38), Mohammed Hashem Abu Muhaimed (42), Salah Jom’a Abu Muhaimed (25), and his brothers Mo’taz (29) and Fo’ad (28).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Eizariya, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ibrahim Fayez Murar’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Qaffin, north of Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Emad Fahmi Zaghloul (38). It should be noted that IOF confiscated his cell phone, money, and searched his office in al-Ashqar complex area, in Tulkarm.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in Ein Sara area. They raided and searched Nidal Salah Zughaiar’s house and arrested his two sons; Mos’ab (25) and Salah (29).
  • At approximately 02:40, IOF moved into Nablus. They raided and searched several stores; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qalandiya refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Laith Ammar (22) and Eyad al-Shahham’s (23) houses and arrested them.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Samer Abu Riyala (16) and Eisa Thafer Abu Riyala’s (16) family home and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Shawawra village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched the former prisoner Oday ‘Adi Ibrahim Salim’s (31) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of the city.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at Nablus-Jerusalem road, 3-kilometers away from al-Mahkama military checkpoint, established near “Beit El” settlement, north of al-Bireh, north of Ramallah governorate, detained Palestine TV staff while heading to Jiftlik village, north of Jericho.

Photojournalist, Mohammed Awawda (24), said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

“At approximately 12:30, I was heading with 5 of the Palestine TV staff including the driver Mohammed Mousa, Maryam al-Tarifi, Abdul Karim Abu Sharif, and Hamed Nammoura from Jericho to Ramallah to shoot a TV program in Jiftlik village, north of Jericho governorate. When we arrived at Nablus-Jerusalem road, an Israeli police vehicle intercepted our way and the policemen surrounded, stopped and searched our car, ID cards and recording equipment. They detained us for 30 minutes claiming that they were doing the search procedure, before they let us continue on our way”.

  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into Batn al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Khaldoun Izzat Salah’s (47) house and took him to al-Bareed police station in Salah al-Dein street, in the center of the occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 18:30, IOF stationed at Yitzhar military checkpoint at the entrance of Huwara village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested the journalist Bushra Jamal al-Tawil (27), and took her to Hasharon detention center in Israel.

Montaha al-Tawil, Bushra’s mother, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

“In the morning, Bushra left for Jenin with a friend for shopping. At approximately 18:30, she called me and told me that IOF stopped her vehicle at Yitzhar military checkpoint, examined her ID, and detained her. Bushra told me that an Israeli intelligence officer called her and informed her that she was under arrest and to be taken to Hasharon prison.”

It should be noted that the first time IOF arrested al-Tawil was on 06 July 2011, and she was sentenced to 16 months in jail, but was released within five months in the 2011 prisoner exchange deal. She was re-arrested on 02 July 2014 and sentenced to serve the remaining period of her 2011 imprisonment. On 17 May 2015, she was released after spending 10 and a half months in lock-up. In 2017, IOF arrested al-Tawil on administrative arrest, after raiding and searching her home. Again in 2019, she was arrested for her journalistic work, recording sit-ins for ex-Palestinian prisoners. She was released after 8 months in administrative detention.

  • At approximately 20:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ma’moun Muhaisen’s house and arrested his sons Mo’men (19) and Mohammed (16). IOF took them to unknown destinations.
  • At approximately 21:50, IOF stationed at the entrance of Qusra village, southeast OF Nablus, arrested (3) civilians from the village, and released them later. The arrestees are: Ahmed Nimir Owda, Hammam Mohammed Mosbah, and Khaled Ibrahim Owda.
  • IOF carried out one incursion into Sebastia, Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 10 November 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Yabad village, southwestern Jenin; they raided and searched Mohammed A. Hamarshe’s (30) home and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Silat ad-Dhahr town, southwestern Jenin; they raided and searched Naief H. al-Qady’s (28) family home and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:20, IOF moved into Kafr Qallil village, south of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and withdrew at approximately 04:40. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into Mas-ha village in Salfit; soldiers raided and searched several houses and arrested Belal S. Amer (22).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed in the center of the camp. They raided and searched two houses and arrested two children; Ammar Mohammed Jawabera (16), and Eyad Hani Ja’ara (15).
  • At approximately 04:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in Kureisa area. They raided and searched Eyad Mohammed Abdullah Rajoub’s (33) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Halhul, north of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Mohammed Jehad al-Wawi’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF reinforced with 4 military construction vehicles moved 100 meters into the border fence by Deir al-Balah, Gaza Strip, then proceeded towards al-Maghazi. They razed the lands and later redeployed back on the Israeli side.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into the Youth Center at Shu’fat refugee camp, northeastern occupied East Jerusalem. They searched the center for two hours and seized several documents. Before withdrawing, IOF arrested Mohammed al-Bahri, Director of the Center, and escorted him to a detention center in the city.

The Youth Center issued a press statement highlighting that this is the second raid of its kind to the center and arrest of its director without legal cause within the year and it is motivated by the growing impact of the center in the refugee camp.

  • At approximately 18:00, Israeli special forces arrested Ahmed Hasan al-Lawzi (26), while on duty in a-Lawzi Gas Station in Jerusalem-Ramallah street, near Qalandiya military checkpoint, north of the occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s old city, raided and searched several houses and served summonses to three Palestinians: Ahed al-Resheq – Jerusalem Regional Committee member; Raed Hijazi – Jerusalem Mayor; and Naser Qaws – Head of Jerusalem’s The Palestinian Prisoners Society.

Wednesday, 11 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:50, IOF stormed Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mo’ath Mohammed al-Ghandour.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF backed by several military vehicles stormed Fawwar refugee camp, south of Heborn. They raided 3 houses and arrested Hasan Karam Zaghmout (27), Ibrahim Ali Abu Wardah (21), and Jawad Zeyad Hadeeb (26).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF backed by several military vehicles stormed Sa’ir village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ali Mousa Jaradat’s (30) house and arrested him.
  •  At approximately 03:00, IOF stormed Fawwar refugee camp, in the center of Ramallah. They raided and searched Hamada Nakhlah’s (25) family house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF stormed Um Al-Sharayet neighborhood in the center of al-Birah, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house owned Ayman Abed Abu Sareea (26) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF backed by several military vehicles stormed Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They patrolled the streets  and stationed in the eastern neighborhood. The soldiers deployed between houses and a number of them raided a 4-story building owned by Zebar family; each floor has 6 apartments. After blowing up the doors of the ground floor, which consists of a store and shops, the soldiers raided Mahmoud Yusuf Zebar’s (44) apartment and arrested him and his son Shadi (21). The soldiers also raided the apartment of Mahmoud’s brother Mohammed (43) and arrested him. The detainees were taken to the apartment of their brother Ra’ed and arrested his wife Nedaa Mohammed Suleiman (38). IOF further raided a house owned by Wa’el Yusuf al-Taqez (43) and arrested him. It should be noted that Israeli soldiers raided and searched Ra’ed’s house on 01 November 2020 and arrested his son Marcel. IOF released Nedaa Suleiman on the same evening.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stormed al-Tour neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mahmoud Ahmed Ashayer (17) and Na’im Ibrahim Ashayer (13) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF accompanied with a vehicle full of settlers stormed Kafl Hares village, north of Salfit. They stationed at the village’s square and broadcast Jewish songs in the area.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stormed al-Thawri neighborhood, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched a house owned by Redwan Jamal Amro (34), Head of the Manuscripts Department at Al-Aqsa Mosque. They ruined the house contents and confiscated cell phones, PCs and a number of papers and books and then arrested Amro.

IOF’s arrest of Redwan was part of an Israeli campaign that escalated lately against al-Aqsa Mosque officers, especially those affiliated with Islamic Endowments (Awqaf) Department’s and Mosque’s guards. Few days ago, IOF raided and searched Directorate of Forensic Science Services near Bab al-Asbat and arrested head of the Directorate of Forensic Science, deputy director general of al-Aqsa Mosque, Najeh Dawoud Bakirat (64) and denied him access to the Old City, al-Aqsa Mosque and all roads leading to it for 6 months. IOF are targeting al-Aqsa officers and guards by arresting them, deporting them, in addition to harassment acts to dissuade them from protecting  and securing al-Aqsa Mosque.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • On Thursday, 05 November 2020, Israeli authorities notified Yusuf Rayan to evacuate his land in Khalayel Al-Louz village, southeast of Bethlehem, in preparation to its confiscation alleging that the land falls under the sovereignty of the State of Israel.

Hasan Brijiyah, Head of the Popular Anti-Settlement Committee in Bethlehem, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that Israeli authorities notified Yusuf Rayan to evacuate his agricultural land (dozens of dunums implanted with olive trees) in Khalayel Al-Louz village, alleging that this land is part of the State of Israel. Brijiyah also said that this practice is an example of the intense restriction policy imposed by IOF on civilians, especially that Khalayel Al-Louz,  Khelat Al Quton, and Khelat al-Nahlah areas, are excessively attacked by IOF and settlers for being  adjacent to “Efrat” and “Tuqu’ “ settlements which were established on Palestinians’ lands, east of Bethlehem.

  • On Monday morning, 09 November 2020, IOF’s bulldozers demolished an agricultural room owned by Yusuf Abu Hammad under the pretext of non-licensing. The room was located between Jurat ash-Sham’a and Wadi and Nis villages, south of Bethlehem,.

Abu Hammad said to PCHR’s fieldworker that the demolition shocked him, especially that he had built the room many years ago in his own land. Abu Hammad added that IOF alleged that the tin-plated 30-sqm room was built without a license.

  • At approximately 06:00 on Monday, 09 November 2020, the Israel Nature and Parks Authority’s crews and vehicles, secured by dozens of Israeli soldiers, stormed Wadi al-Rababah neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They carried out demolitions in the area. Eyewitnesses stated to PCHR’s fieldworker that the neighborhood’s residents confronted IOF’s vehicles in order to stop the demolition. Israeli soldiers fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the residents and attempted to disperse them. However, the residents withstood and forced the Israeli Nature and Parks Authority’s crews and vehicles to withdraw from the neighborhood. Before their withdrawal, IOF arrested Mahmoud Samrin (47).

Israeli Municipality and the Israeli Nature and Parks Authority have latterly intensified bulldozing and demolishing of Palestinians’ lands in Wadi al-Rababah neighborhood in Silwan village, for the intended purpose of establishing new settlements. IOF use force during these operations, despite of the previous judicial decision to stop them. Wadi al-Rababah is subjected to recurrent attacks by Israeli settlers in order to seize control of it under the pretext of being absentee-owned lands.  Wadi al-Rababah neighborhood is located in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, it was built on 350 dunums implanted with fruit and olive trees that are property of Silwan village residents. The neighborhood that has about 100 houses and a mosque is threatened of evacuation and confiscation of more than 100 dunums of these lands to establish the so-called ““National Park” project. Wadi al-Rababh area has a strategic importance as it is only 400 meters away from al-Aqsa Mosque and it is also located between al-Bustan neighborhood and the western side of occupied Jerusalem. Therefore, this area connects the western and eastern parts of the city. In addition, this area contains Canaanite, Roman and Islamic remains.

  • At approximately 08:0 on Tuesday, 10 November 2020, IOF backed by several military vehicles and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle and a bulldozer stormed Hebron’s northern neighborhood, adjacent to the bypass road. They demolished a 100 sqm, tin-plated aluminum workshop. The workshop is owned by Loai Abdul Rahim Ahmed al-Shani, and it was built one year ago. Israeli authorities handed the Military decision No. (96/ 1797) to al-Shani on Wednesday, 14 November 2020.

The military decision No. (1797) issued in 2018, allows the Civil Administration officer to issue a decision to demolish of remove any building where construction was not completed within 6 months or it was inhabited by it residents for less than 30 days from the date of the inspector’s arrival to the site.

This kind of notices deprive civilians their right to defend their houses or facilities. The Israeli Supreme Court also refuse the file an appeal to freeze or cancel these notices. Civilians further are  denied of applying a license for their targeted houses due to the short legal period allowed by the military order.

  • On Tuesday, 10 November 2020, IOF demolished several commercial facilities in ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied east Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of building without a license.

‘Anata village Municipality stated that Israeli Civil Administration bulldozers stormed the village from its southern entrance and demolished a car wash, a container, and a barrack owned by Ammar al-Salaimeh under the pretext of building without a license. The car was adjacent to “Pisgat Ze’ev” settlement established on Palestinian lands, north of ‘Anata village.  The municipality emphasized that the car wash, the container, and the barrack were built on an area of 150sqm 5 months ago. IOF also leveled the land where the facilities were built before they withdrew from the village.

  • At approximately 09:00 on Wednesday, 11 November 2020, IOF backed by 2 military vehicles and accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle stormed Tawana village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed between houses while the Civil Administration officer handed 5 demolition notices to three civilians under the pretext of building without a license. These notices were as following:
Affected PersonFacilityDescriptionDistanceType of notification
Fadel Mohammed Ibrahim al-AmourAgricultural roomBricks and tin plates30sqmWritten summons
Ashraf Mahmoud al-AmourAgricultural roomBricks and tin plates65sqmHalt work
Ashraf Mahmoud al-AmourWater wellBricks and tin plates100sqmHalt work
Mohammed Issa Rab’iAgricultural residence———80sqmSummons
Mohammed Issa Rab’iWater wellBricks and tin plates90sqmSummons

Israeli authorities handed civilians notices in the form of summonses alleging that the facility’s owner, which has been served a previous notice, did not submit any legal documents before the Israeli competent authorities to settle his case.

  • At approximately 16:00 on Wednesday, 11 November 2020, Israeli municipality crews demolished Odai Rabaiya’s house in Sur Baher village, south of occupied East Jerusalem under the pretext of building without license. IOF also arrested Mohammed and Ahmed Robaiya after they heavily beat them.

Rabaiya stated to PCHR’s fieldworker that he was shocked when IOF raided his house. The municipality crews emptied its contents and closed the whole area and then demolished the house. Rabaiya emphasized that he and his family of 5, including 4 children, have been living in the house since 2016. The Israeli Municipality issued a decision in 2017 to demolish the house. He managed to delay the decision several times and the municipality imposed a construction fine of NIS 55,000 on him, that he is still paying to this date. Rabaiya added that last July, the Israeli court gave him 21 days before applying the demolition, but he managed to delay it until early this month through his engineer and lawyer. The Israeli municipality rejected to freeze or delay the demolition decision and informed him that he must proceed with self-demolishing his house without defining a time limit.

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 13:10, Monday, 10 November 2020,  a group of Israeli settlers detained Tareq Abu Ghunaim in his land in al-Rajman area, adjacent to Beit Dajan village, east of Nablus. The settlers searched his cell phone, questioned him, and released him later.

V. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 70 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 3 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against

Individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday evening, 05 November 2020, IOF tightened its arbitrary measures at Beit Iksa checkpoint, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem, obstructed the traffic movement for civilians, and established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Al-Eizariya village, and Biddu village’s tunnel.
  • On Saturday morning, 07 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Anat village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
  •  At approximately 9:00 on Sunday, 08 November 2020, IOF closed Qalandiya military checkpoint for hours under the pretext of suspicious object, causing severe traffic jam.
  • On Monday, 09 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem.
  •  At approximately 18:30 on Tuesday, 10 November 2020, IOF closed Qalandiya military checkpoint for hours, causing a sever traffic jam.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 05 November  2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 06 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints the northern and western entrances to Tuqu village, the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, and in Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 07 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Sunday, 08 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, the entrances to Husan and Nahalin villages, and in Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 09 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 10 November 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 3 checkpoints at the entrances  to Jannatah and Tuqu village, at Aqabat Hasnah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 06 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Birzeit village, north of Ramallah.
  • On Saturday, 07 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint under the bridge of ‘Atara village, north of Ramallah.
  • On Sunday, 08 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beitin village, east of Ramallah.
  • On Monday, 09 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Nabi Salih village, northwest of Ramallah.

Tubas:

  • On Sunday 08 November 2020, IOF stationed at “Tayasir” Checkpoint, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank, tightened its military measures, obstructed the traffic movement, and checked civilians’ ID cards.

Jericho:

  • On Saturday, 07 November 2020, IOF established 3checkpoints at the northern entrance to Jericho, southern entrance to Jericho, and the road linking between Jericho and Ramallah.
  • On Sunday, 08 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 05 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beit Furik village, east of Nablus.
  • On Friday, 06 November 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the entrance to Beit Furik villahe, west of Nablus and closed the gate established at the abovementioned entrance and reopened it later.
  • On Monday, 09 November 2020, IOF tightened  its measures at Beit Furik checkpoint, east of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Sunday, 08 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ti’inik village.
  •  On Monday, 09 November 2020, IOF tightened its measures at Beit Furik checkpoint, east of Nablus.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 02 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the al-Aroub refugee camp, and Surif village.
  • On Friday, 06 November 202, IOF established 4 checkpoints at: Hebron’s southern entrance, Sa’ir, Beit Einun, and Beit Awwa villages.
  • On Saturday, 07 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at Kharsa and Beit Awwa villages, Hebron’s southern entrance and Beit Ummar village.
  • On Sunday 08 November 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the western entrance to Hebron, Idhna, Bani Na’im, ad-Dhahiriya, and Beit Kahel villages.
  • On Monday, 09 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to  Beit ‘Amra, and Idhna villages.
  • On Wednesday, 11 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Fawar refugee camp, Sa’ir, Ash-Shuyukh, and Idhna villages.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 05 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Izbat at-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Friday, 06 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Izbat at-Tabib village, Azzun village, and the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Sunday, 08 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Jit village, north of Qalqilya.
  •  On Monday, 09 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Jit village, north of Qalqilya, eastern entrance to Qalqilya.

Tulkarm:

  • On Saturday, 07 November 2020, IOF tightened its measures at Izbat Shufa checkpoint, south east of Tulkarm .

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 05 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Istiya, Deir Ballut, Hares villages and northern entrance to Salfit.
  • On Saturday, 07 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance Deir Istiya village, and the northern entrance to Salfit.
  • On Monday, 09 November 2020, an Israeli force established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Ballut and Kafr ad-Dik villages, west of Salfit.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (29 Oct. 04 Nov. 2020)

Source

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (29 Oct. 04 Nov. 2020)

29 October – 04 November 2020

  • In 82 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 57 civilians arrested, including 7 children, 2 women and a journalist
  • Collective punishment policy: IOF demolished family home of Palestinian imprisoned by Israel
  • IOF demolished 70 homes and facilities, displacing 60 Palestinians; and confiscated tractors and other properties in the northern Jordan valleys
  • Settler-attacks: trees and electric poles cut; irrigation system destroyed in Nablus
  • IOF established 47 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 6 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF and Israeli police assaulted several Palestinian civilians in excessive use of force. IOF also continued to create new facts on the ground by maintaining its policy of demolishing, confiscating and razing Palestinian houses and properties for its settlement expansion schemes in the West Bank. This week, Kherbet Hemsa al-Foqa in the northern Jordan valleys witnessed a destruction campaign against its Palestinian community that displaced dozens of civilians. Also, Israeli settlers continued to assault Palestinian farmers and agricultural lands.

This week, PCHR documented 151 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

Six Palestinian civilians, including 4 children, sustained wounds in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank: 3 children, one classified in critical condition, were wounded after IOF targeted their vehicle in Jenin; another child sustained wounds in clashes in Hebron; meanwhile, 2 other civilians were wounded in IOF suppression of Kafr Qaddum – Qalqilya weekly protest against settlement expansion.

In the Gaza Strip, two IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands eastern Khan Younis; and four other shooting incidents against fishing boats off Gaza’s northern sea.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 82 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 57 Palestinians were arrested, including 7 children and 2 women. In Gaza, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Central Gaza.

Collective Punishment Policy:

Israeli occupation forces continue to practice its collective punishment policy against the families of Palestinians accused of being involved in acts of resistance against IOF or settlers. On Sunday evening, 01 November 2020, IOF demolished Khalil Abdul Khaliq Mohammed Dwaikat’s family home in Rujeib, southeastern Nablus, northern West Bank. Dwaikat is currently imprisoned by Israel.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 5 violations, including:

  • Ramallah: verbal notice to the new temporary offices of the Military Medical Services’ Rescue and Emergency HQ in al-Bireh, under the pretext of being in area C.
  • Hebron: under-construction house demolished, and 8 cease-construction notices served to shelters and a water well.
  • Tubas: 9 tractors, 5 water tanks, 5 carts and 2 private vehicles confiscated; 70 homes and facilities demolished, displacing 60 civilians (mostly children): 11 residential tents, 27 barracks, some used for housing, and several barns, as well as, kitchens, mobile-lavatories, water tanks and other properties. IOF also confiscated two tractors and a private Subaru car.
  • East Jerusalem: house demolished, and a barracks used as a stable.

Settler-attacks: PCHR documented 3 separate settler attacks: electric poles cut, irrigation system destroyed, plantation raided and damaged in As-Sawiya town; olive trees cut, and piece of land fenced with barbed wire near “Yitzhar” settlement, in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 08:20 on Thursday, 29 October 2020, IOF stationed inside the Gaza – Israel border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at the adjacent agricultural lands in eastern Khuza’a. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:50, IOF gunboats stationed off al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 2 nautical miles, opened heavy fire and pumped water at them, causing fear and panic among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF stationed behind a truck parked on the roadside of Jenin-al-Nasrah Street, north of Jenin, opened fire at a passing white Palestinian Hyundai car traveling towards Jenin.  As a result, 3 children, who were in the car and are all from Jenin refugee camp, were injured.  The car driver, who was not injured, did not stop and continued driving to Dr. Khalil Soliman Governmental Hospital in Jenin, where doctors found out that Mahmoud Ahmed Mousa Khalil Halayjah (15) was injured with a bullet that penetrated his back and punctured his lungs.  Halayjah was classified as critical, and he was referred to An-Najah  Hospital in Nablus for treatment.  Regarding the other 2 injuries, one (15) sustained a shrapnel wound to the back while the other (17) sustained shrapnel wounds to the head.  Later, IOF claimed that they opened fire at the car because a homemade pipe bomb was thrown from it at an Israeli force stationed on the bypass road.  However, the injured children refuted the Israeli claims according to the statement made by one of them to PCHR fieldworker.
  • At approximately 07:15 on Friday, 30 October 2020, IOF stationed inside the border fence with Israel, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at the agricultural lands, east of Khuza’a, adjacent to the border fence.  No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00, villagers from Beit Dajan village, northeast of Nablus, and representatives of the National Action Factions in Nablus organized a peaceful protest, which started from the village council heading to the lands under threat of confiscation in al-Marhan and al-Masyaf areas, northeast of the village.  The protesters raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers, annexation wall and the Deal of Century.  When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. IOF suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area and clashed with them, firing live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a 24-year-old civilian was injured with a rubber bullet in the hand.
  • Following the Friday Prayer at al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, IOF suppressed a mass protest against the caricatures insulting Prophet Muhammad.  They assaulted the protesters and arrested 3 civilians, including a photojournalist.

According to PCHR’s follow-up, thousands of worshippers gathered in al-Qibli Chapel yard at al-Aqsa Mosque, and chanted Takbirs (Allahu Akbar: a common Islamic Arabic expression meaning God is Great) and slogans against the cartoons insulting Prophet Muhammad.  They made their way to the Rock of the Dome yard and reached the Council Door.  As they were exiting al-Aqsa, IOF surrounded and assaulted them, attempting to obstruct their way.  IOF repeated the assault against protesters on al-Wad Street, closed the area with iron barriers, and forcibly dispersed them.  In this incident, IOF arrested 3 civilians and took them to the detention facilities.  The arrestees were identified as ‘Abdel ‘Afo Bassam Zaghir (28), a photojournalist, Ahmed Idkeik (20), and Sameh D’eis (41).

  • At approximately 17:30, 3 Israeli soldiers physically assaulted (punched and kicked) Mohammed ‘Aref Mohammed Jaber (17) near his house in Jaber neighborhood, east of al-Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron’s Old City. Jaber’s family tried to rescue him, but the soldiers took him to a military SUV stationed in the area.  He was then taken “Kiryat Arba” settlement, east of Hebron. According to Jaber’s father, the soldiers assaulted his son after settlers attacked him.  He added that when his family were trying to keep the soldiers away from his son, a soldier struck his wife on the face.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Saturday, 31 October 2020, IOF prevented farmers from Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, from harvesting the olive trees in their lands in Abu al-Reesh area near “Beit Ein” settlement.  IOF fired teargas canisters at the farmers while being in their agricultural fields.  As a result, a number of farmers suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 15:00 on Saturday, 31 October 2020, Palestinian young men gathered in al-Zawiyah Gate area in central Hebron and threw stones at the military checkpoint established at the entrance to the closed Shuhadaa’ Street. IOF chased the stone-throwers on Wad al-Tofah Street and in the Clock Tower area and fired sound bombs and teargas canisters.  As a result, many civilians in the market suffocated due to teargas inhalation and shops had to close.  The clashes continued until 18:00; during which, IOF fired rubber bullets, wounding a 14-year-old child with a bullet in the right foot.  He was taken to Hebron Governmental Hospital for medical treatment. 
  • At approximately 16:30 on Saturday, 31 October 2020, IOF stationed at the “northern entrance” established on Kafr Qaddum lands, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest organized by dozens of Palestinian civilians. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area and clashed with them, firing live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a 45-year-old civilian was injured with a rubber bullet in the lower back.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF gunboats stationed off al-Waha area, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 2 nautical miles, opened heavy fire at them and sound bombs around them, causing fear and panic among fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 12:30 on Monday afternoon, 02 November 2020, Israeli police officers assaulted Zakaria Mohammed Ibrahim (52) from Biddya village, west of Salfit, after chasing and detaining him on al-Kassarat road in Jamma’in village, south of Nablus.

Zakaria Ibrahim said that:

“While on my way to work in al-Kassarat area, I was surprised with Israeli police officers chasing me.  When I stopped, the armed police officers got out of the car, forcibly took me out my car, and started beating me until I fainted.  A Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS) ambulance took me to Yasser ‘Arafat Governmental Hospital in Salfit.  All of this happened in full view of the Magen David Adom (MDA) crews, who were in the area.  When I woke up at the hospital, I learnt that I was given a ticket.”

  • At approximately 15:30 on Monday, Israeli naval forces stationed at sea off the Gaza northern seashore, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing at 3 nautical miles; they opened heavy fire at them causing fear and panic among the fishermen, who fled the area and no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 18:40 on Tuesday, 03 November 2020, Israeli naval forces stationed at sea off the Gaza northern seashore, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing at 3 nautical miles; they opened heavy fire at them causing fear and panic among the fishermen, who fled the area and no casualties were reported.

II. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 29 October 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into the eastern area of Nablus, north of the West Bank, and stationed in “Joseph Tomb” area to secure the entry of dozens of settlers to the Tomb. The settlers prayed then IOF secured their withdrawal.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Wadi Abu Freiha in Beit Sahour. They raided and searched Tareq Mousa al-‘Abayat’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Tabaqa village, south of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Hesham Ismael Abu Hawash’s (39) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Fawagrah Lane, in Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Tal’at al-Khatib’s (27) house and arrested him. It should be noted that the abovementioned civilian is Dawoud al-Khatib’s brother, the prisoner who was dead at Ofer prison due to heart attack on 03 September 2020.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Marah Rabah village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to the two former prisoners Anwar Ahmed al-Faqih (40) and Khalil Qasem al-Sheikh (42) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Mahmoud Abu al-Hawa (17) and Haitham Naseem Abu Khwais (17) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:20, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Mohammed Ziyad al-Sa’di (20), Ahmed Hussam Abu Tabeekh (21), and Abdullah Burhan Abdul Haleem (19).
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Wadi al-Joz neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Fadi Abdullah Mtawar’s (41) house and arrested him. IOF released him after several hours on a 7,000 NIS bail and house arrest for 5 days and ordered him to return to the investigation center at a later time.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Saleh Abu Akar (24), from Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem, while passing through a temporary military checkpoint near Gush Etzion settlement, south of Bethlehem. IOF severely beat him, and he was taken to Hadassah Hospital in West Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF arrested Jehad Naser Qaws (26), while present near Bab al-Sahera area, in the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF severely beaten him and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Sur Baher neighborhood, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Eyad Mohammed Atoun’s (47) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in al-Maskoubeya investigation center in West Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF arrested Mahmoud Ashraf Obaid (16), from al-Isawiya village, while present in Bab al-‘Amoud area in the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF severely beaten him and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF stationed at the northern entrance of Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit, arrested Emad Mahmoud al-Qaq (17), and took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (7) incursions in Halhul, al-Thahiriya village in Hebron governorate, Atel, Tulkarm, and Balaa villages in Tulkarm governorate, Qalqilya and Jayyous, north of Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 30 October 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Hadab village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Mahmoud Yousef al-‘Arjan’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Bassam Ahmed al-Qawasma’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Azzun village, east of Qalqiliya. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Osama Mohanna Mish’al (20), and Ibrahim Mohammed Emran (20).
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Bashar Najeeb (20) and Ahmed Najeeb (19), while present in al-Wad street in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.
  • At approximately 21:30, IOF stationed at al-Za’eem military checkpoint, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Hamida Alaa’ Dirbas (18), while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in al-Samu, Yatta, Beit Ula, and Hasakah villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 31 October 2020:

  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin; Rujeib, southeast of Nablus; al-Beira, Beit Ummar and Beit Ula villages in Hebron governorate; Kafr al-Deik, west of Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 01 November 2020:

  • At approximately 05:30, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Marsil Ra’ed Zibar (18), and Mohannad al-Izza (37).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Birzeit, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Suhail Saleem Abu Dayya’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hanina village, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They surrounded and raided Karam Mahmoud Amro’s (39) house and detained his wife and 4 children, the oldest of whom is 8. Female soldiers searched his wife and continued searching and damaging the house for an hour and a half. Amro was detained and transferred to an armored personnel carrier parked outside. He was thrown on the ground, cuffed with zip tie handcuffs and blindfolded, a soldier struck him on the neck and he shortly fainted. Amro was released and transferred to al-Ahli Hospital in Hebron.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Bab Huta village, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Hamza Sa’di al-Julany’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF into Wadi al-Joz neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mofeed Zeyad Sa’eeda’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into al-Thawri neighborhood, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Omar Mohammed Shwaiky’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Yabad, southwest of Jenin; and Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 02 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Shaher Ali al-Ra’i (51) and Mohammed Ahmed al-Ra’i (65) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:40, IOF moved into Izbat al-Jarad area, southwest of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Mohammed Qasem Jawabera’s (55) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beitunia, west of Ramallah, and stationed at the Old City. IOF surrounded, raided and searched Khitam al-Sa’afin’s (57) house, the president of the Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees. She was taken to Ofer investigation center, southwest of Ramallah. It should be noted that al-Sa’afin was arrested in 02 July 2017 and spent 3 months in administrative arrest.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Beira, north of Ramallah governorate. IOF stormed Shatha Zeyad al-Tawil’s (21) house and arrested her.
  • At approximately 02:40, IOF moved into Ramin village, south of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Jamal Jamil Ismael Borhom’s (55) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ramallah and stationed in al-Masioun neighborhood. They raided and searched Ahmed Mohammed al-Ra’i’s (60) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, the Israeli Intelligence Services phone called the Palestine TV correspondent, journalist Christine Khaled al-Rinawi (31), and asked her to appear at al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem. At approximately 15:00, she arrived there and interrogated on the charge of violating the Israeli Minister of Internal Security’s 2019 decision, to close the Palestine TV office, and banning its activities in Jerusalem and Israel. Rinawi was released on bail of 3,000 NIS.

It should be noted that the Israeli Intelligence Services summonsed al-Rinawi about 7 times in one year for her work at Palestine TV in Jerusalem. On 20 November 2019, Israeli authorities closed Palestine TV office in al-Sawana neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, arrested the staff, and banned them from working with Palestine TV inside Jerusalem.

  • At approximately 22:45, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint at the northern entrance of Birzeit, north of Ramallah. They arrested Amal Mo’amar Nakhla (16), from al-Tira neighborhood in Ramallah, and took him to an unknown destination. Amal’s father stated that his son suffers a serious health conditions, he had undergone a surgical operation in the lungs two months and half ago and is still receiving intensive treatment.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Bani Na’im, al-Hadab, Beit ‘Amra, and Beit al-Rush villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 03 November 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, and stationed in Kaa al-Hara area. IOF stormed and searched two houses and arrested two civilians; Qusai Ahmed Abu Hashem (19), and Majed al-Hindi (18). IOF took them to “Gush Etzion” settlement detention center, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and no arrests were reported.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Khilat Assaf, behind Nour Shams refugee camp in Tulkarm. They raided and searched Mohammed Ahmed Shabrawi’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Jab’ village, south of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sari (33), and his brother Obaida Majeed Fashafisha (29).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Nidal Khaled Nabhan al-Barghouthi (29) and Mo’men Kifah al-Barghouthi (23) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 06:30, IOF reinforced with 5 military vehicles moved 100-meters to the west of the border fence, east of al-Bureij, heading to al-Maghazi and Deir al-Balah in the south. They combed and leveled lands and redeployed again inside the border fence, south of Khan Younis at approximately 14:30.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF stationed at Dotan military checkpoint, south of Jenin, arrested Ali Mohammed Abu Baker (22), while returning to his house. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in al-Beira and Turmus Ayya villages in Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 04 November 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Qabatiya, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Ahmed Khalil Nazzal (21), Hatem Omar Nazzal (37), and Mohammed Faisal Kmeil (22).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-Tur village in the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians; Khalil al-Hedra, Yousef al-Hedra, Ibrahim al-Hedra, Hamada al-Hedra, and Mostafa al-Hedra.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Isma’el Mahmoud al-Amassi (58), fom al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron, while passing through a temporary military checkpoint established on the southern entrance of Hebron. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

III. Collective punishment policy

IOF continue to practice its collective punishment policy against the families of Palestinians accused of being involved in acts of resistance against IOF or settlers. On Sunday evening, 01 November 2020, IOF demolished Khalil Abdul Khaliq Mohammed Dwaikat’s family home in Rujeib, southeastern Nablus, northern West Bank. Dwaikat is currently imprisoned by Israel.

According to PCHR’s follow-up, at approximately 22:30 on Sunday, IOF, accompanied by several military vehicles, including a bulldozer, raided Rujeib town; IOF soldiers spread in the northern part of the town, mounted the roofs of several houses in the area and blocked the entrance to Dwaikat’s (46) family home, while randomly shooting tear gas canisters. A group of soldiers raided the house to execute a demolition decision that the family were previously notified of; the decision was issued by the Supreme Court on 25 October 2020, and granted the family until 18:00 on Sunday, 01 November 2020 to vacate. IOF accuses Dwaikat, who has been detained since 26 August 2020, of committing a stab-attack in Petah Tikva in Israel, where rabbi Shai Ohayon was killed.

At approximately 23:30, the forces began demolishing the two-story house (150 sqm). The house was home for Dwaikat’s wife, Najwa Khairy, and his five daughters, four of whom are children. They also uprooted 15 olive trees and other fruitful trees and demolished a retaining wall (length: 25 m; height: 2 m). The forces withdrew at approximately 02:00 on Monday, amidst heavy shooting of tear gas canisters. After their withdrawal, clashes erupted between IOF soldiers and Palestinians, during which several Palestinians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and received treatment in the field.

It should be noted that IOF had previously raided the family house on 26 August 2020, interrogated both Dwaikat’s wife and his brother-in-law regarding Dwaikat and his work. At the time, a member of IOF’s Engineering Unit took the house measurements in a prelude to its demolition. IOF informed the family of the demolition decision verbally before withdrawing. The following day, Dwaikat’s brother, Khaled, submitted a complaint with HaMoked, who submitted a complaint with the Supreme Court, and the demolition decision was frozen within a month. On 25 October 2020, HaMoked and the family were shocked to learn that the Court had convened and issued a decision to demolish the house with one week notice to the family to evacuate, i.e. until the evening of the day the demolition was executed.

IV. Settlement expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • At approximately 03:00 on Thursday, 29 October 2020, IOF moved into Jabel Tawil area in al-Bireh, northern Ramallah; the soldiers raided the temporary Rescue and Emergency HQ of the City’s Military medical services. Mohammed Salah al-Qadi, a paramedic, stated to PCHR that IOF soldiers raided the office and gave us a verbal warning to evacuate the premises and threatened to demolish it, without giving a written notice under pretext it was established in area C.
  • At approximately 15:00 on Monday, 02 November 2020, IOF, accompanied by several military construction vehicles and Israeli Civil Administration vehicles, moved into Khirbet Igzawey in souther Yatta, southern Hebron. They proceeded to demolish Kamal Issa Dababsa’s under-construction house (100 sqm), which was intended to shelter him and his family of 7. The demolition was alleged for unlicensed construction; Dababsa was previously served a military demolition notice No. 1779 on 20 October 2020.

It should be noted that IOF based this demolition on Military Order No. 1797 of 2018, which allows the “building inspector” at the Israeli Civil Administration, to issue a demolition/removal order on any construction that is not completed within 6 months, or has been occupied for less than 30 days after the inspector’s visit. This type of notices deprives Palestinians of their right to defend their houses and facilities, as the High Court of Israel refuses any petitions made to freeze or cancel such notices. Furthermore, demolition notices based on Military Order No. 1797 deprive citizens from applying for licensing their targeted buildings.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 12:00 on Tuesday IOF, accompanied by Israeli Civil Administration SUVs and construction vehicles, moved into Kherbet Hemsa al-Foqa in the northern Jordan valleys, eastern Tubas. The construction vehicles proceeded to demolish 70 civilian properties, including barracks and residential tents that sheltered 11 families (total 60 persons, mostly children). IOF demolished 11 residential tents, 27 barracks, some used for housing, and several barns, as well as, kitchens, mobile-lavatories, water tanks and other properties. IOF also confiscated two tractors and a private Subaru car.

  • At approximately 14:00, IOF accompanied by several military construction vehicles and Israeli Civil Administration vehicles, moved into Buweib village in eastern Yatta. IOF distributed several cease-construction notices for alleged unlicensed construction in area C.
OwnerEstablishmentAreaNotice type
Khalil H. Adda’ajnaConcrete storehouse200 m²Cease-construction
Mahmoud K. H. Adda’ajnaConcrete storehouse200 m²Cease-construction
Mohammed M. Adda’ajnaConcrete storehouse200 m²Cease-construction
Tayseer O. MahainaWater well150 mCease-construction
Mohammed O. MahainaTin-plated barracks400 m²Cease-construction
Burhan J. MahainaTin-plated barracks150 m²Cease-construction
Hassan M. Adda’ajnaTin-plated barracks150 m²Cease-construction
Mohammed A. HlikaqweyTwo rooms (tin-plated and made of bricks)70 m²Cease-construction
  • Also on Tuesday, IOF demolished, IOF demolished a house and barracks in Beit Hanina and Jabel Mukaber in occupied East Jerusalem under pretext of non-licensed construction.

According to Wadi Hilweh Information Center, IOF accompanied by Municipal officers and construction vehicles moved into Beit Hanina in occupied Eastern Jerusalem, blocked several roads and surrounded Amjad Idris’ house and proceeded to demolish it. Idris stated that the Israeli Municipality demolished his house as he was preparing to move-in with his family of 4.. He added that he had started building his home a month and a half ago and had prepared it for his family’s move-in. He added that IOF handed him a cease-construction order 10 days ago.

IOF also demolished a barracks used as a stable and razed a concrete-plot in Jabel Mukaber in occupied East Jerusalem.

  • Israeli Settlers’ Attacks
  • Early on Friday, 30 October 2020, a group of settlers from “Rehelim” settlement, established on stolen lands of As-Sawiya village, southeastern Nablus, cut several electric poles with chainsaws. They also destroyed an irrigation network on the western side of town before fleeing back into the settlement.
  • At approximately 02:54 on Sunday, 01 November 2020, 3 settlers in a grey vehicle, attacked Mohammed I. al-Khatib’s plantation, “Iloul Plantation,” located by As-Sawiya village entrance. The settlers uprooted several seedlings and caused damage as documented by the site’s surveillance cameras.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Tuesday, 03 November 2020, Mohammed Naser al-Din M. S. Allan (37), and his 73-year-old father, went to their 7-dunum land in As Sawma’ah area, northern Huwara in eastern Nablus. The land is planted with olive trees. Upon their arrival, they discovered that settlers from “Yitzhar” settlement cut 25 olive trees that are more than 30 years old. They also found that settlers established a metal fence in their land (3*2*1) in a prelude to confiscation of their land for the sake of expanding “Yitzhar.”

Mr. Allan stated to PCHR fieldworker that:

            “At approximately 11:00 on Tuesday, neighbors told me that we have security clearance from the IOF watchtower near “Yitzhar” settlement that allows us to enter our land. I went with my father only to find that settlers had assaulted our land and cut at least 25 olive trees (more than 30 years old) with chainsaws and installed a metal fence within, in a prelude to confiscating our land for the benefit of expanding “Yitzhar” settlement. A few months ago, settlers established a road that connects our land with the settlement. I immediately filed a complaint, through Huwara Municipality’s lawyer, with the Israeli courts where I presented all official property deeds and titles that prove my ownership. The case is still pending.”

IV. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 47 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested of them. IOF reinforced its restrictions on freedom of movement on its permanent military checkpoints. The following is a detailed record of the restrictions on the freedom of movement and temporary checkpoints established in the oPt that our fieldworkers managed to document.

Jerusalem:

  • On Friday afternoon, 30 October 2020, IOF closed Qalandiya checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem for few hours after claiming there was stone-throwing in the area, causing traffic jam.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 29 October 2020, IOF tightened its measures at the Container checkpoint, east of Bethlehem and established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Husan village and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 30 October 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Saturday, 31 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Tuqu village, the western entrance to Beit Fajjar and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Sunday, 01 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the entrance to Jannatah village, the entrance to Beit Jala, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 30 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Sinjil village, east of Ramallah.
  • On Saturday, 31 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to al-Janyah village, west of Ramallah.
  • On Monday, 02 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Sijil village, near Bridge of ‘Atara village and the villages of ‘Ein Siniya and Yabrud in Ramallah.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 29 October 2020, IOF established 6 checkpoints at the entrances to ‘Ayoun Abu Seif, Kharsa, Beit ‘Awwa and Beit Ummar and the entrance to al-Arroub refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 30 October 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the villages of Beit Ummar and Sa’ir and al-Arroub refugee camp.
  • On Saturday, 31 October 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Fawwar refugee camp, Beit Kahil, southern Hebron and Kharsa village.
  • On Sunday, 01 November 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Idhna village, Fawwar refugee camp, and northern Hebron.
  • On 04 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Ummar village, Al Aroub refugee camp and al-Kum village, as well as Hebron City’s western entrance.

Jericho:

On Sunday, 01 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 29 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Qusra village on Street 505 connecting Za’atarah checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, with Jericho, northwest of Nablus.
  • On Saturday, 31 October 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at Zububa village on Jenin-Jaffa Street, west of Jenin, northwest of Nablus.

Salfit:

  • On Sunday, 01 November 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit..

Qalqilya:

  • On Sunday, 01 November 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints on the entrance to Azzun village and the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Monday, 02 November 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to ‘Ezet al-Tabib, ‘Ezbet Salman and ‘Ezbet Jal’oud  villages and at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.

RCF: Ramzy and Zarefah Baroud on Gaza’s History of Resistance (WATCH)

October 22, 2020

Ramzy and Zarefah Baroud discuss Gaza’s history of resistance. (Photo: video grab)

By Rachel Corrie Foundation

The Gaza Strip has been made into an Israeli combat zone with the decided aim of crushing Palestinian resistance. Israeli weapons, most of which are courtesy of Washington, have for, at least, 14 years turned Gaza into the world’s largest open air prison. But neither prison nor siege have ended the Palestinian struggle for freedom. Palestinians in Gaza, as elsewhere, are determined to claim their rights, no matter how high the price.

The discussion touches on the stories of real Palestinians who have paid a high price for their resistance, in all of its forms.

For more information on Ramzy’s latest book, These Chains Will Be Broken, follow this link.

Dr. Ramzy Baroud is a journalist and the Editor of The Palestine Chronicle. He is the author of five books on Palestine, including My Father Was a Freedom Fighter, The Last Earth and his latest, These Chains Will Be Broken: Palestinian Stories of Struggle and Defiance in Israeli Prisons (Clarity Press, Atlanta). Baroud is a Non-resident Senior Research Fellow at the Center for Islam and Global Affairs (CIGA), Istanbul Zaim University, and at the Johannesburg-based Afro-Middle East Center (AMEC). His website is ramzybaroud.net.

Zarefah Baroud is a recent Master’s graduate from the University of Washington, researching American aid programs to the Israeli military. She works for American Muslims for Palestine in Washington DC and produces advocacy and education based content surrounding the Palestinian struggle. Baroud has published various articles on CounterPunch, Common Dreams, Socialist Worker, and others.

(Rachel Corrie Foundation)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (24– 30 September 2020)

Source

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (24– 30 September 2020)

24 – 30 September 2020

  • 17 Palestinian civilians, including a child and a journalist, wounded in IOF excessive use of force:
  • 11 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya; 2 others in Ramallah; 3, including a journalist, in Nablus; and a child in Hebron.
  • Israeli naval forces drown and damage 3 Palestinian boats;
  • 2 shootings reported eastern Gaza Strip;
  • In 62 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 49 civilians arrested, including 7 children, a woman, and a person with disability;
  • West Bank: IOF demolished 4 houses, 3 residential tents, and 7 barracks; 3 dunums razed and lands confiscated;
  • Palestine TV denied from covering demolition in Tubas, and its broadcast vehicle confiscated;
  • Settler-attacks: 50 olive trees burned; 2 farms attacked in Nablus and Bethlehem;
  • IOF established 54 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 8 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks rendered 9 Palestinian civilians wounded in excessive use of force, including a child and a journalist in the West Bank. IOF also continued its policy of demolishing and destroying Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes.

In another evidence of the systematic Israeli policy against press crews, and Palestinian and international media agencies operating in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), IOF confiscated Palestine TV vehicle and handed its driver a confiscation warrant, under the pretext that the vehicle and Palestine TV its staff were present in a closed military zone in Jordan Valley, east of Tubas, to obstruct their work and prevent them from revealing the truth about Israeli violations. PCHR considers these violations part of a well-planned scheme to isolate the oPt from the rest of the world and to eliminate stories about IOF crimes against Palestinian civilians in the oPt.

This week, PCHR documented 35 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: 9 civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank; 11 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya; 2 others in Ramallah; 3, including a journalist, in Nablus; and a child in Hebron.

In the Gaza Strip, 2 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and twice at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip. Israeli naval forces drowned and damaged 3 Palestinian boats.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 62 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 49 Palestinians were arrested, including 7 children, a woman and a person with disability. In Gaza, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Rafah.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 9 violations, including:

  • Bethlehem: 3 residential tents and 5 barracks demolished; 3 dunums razed;
  • Hebron: 3 houses served cease-construction notices, concrete pump and cement mixer confiscated; and 2 houses (built of bricks and tin-plates) demolished;
  • Tubas: 1639 sqm confiscated; 2 houses demolished in the Northern Valley; and 2 cars confiscated, including Palestine TV’s car.
  • Nablus: tin-plated barracks demolished;
  • Jericho: barracks demolished.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers documented 2 attacks: 50 Perennial olive trees burned, southern Bethlehem; and two poultry farms assaulted with stones and sharp tool, one in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Also, internal restrictions continued in the Gaza Strip for the fifth consecutive week to contain the outbreak of coronavirus, after coronavirus cases were confirmed outside the quarantine centers in the Gaza Strip. As a result, the suffering of Gaza Strip population has increased especially in terms of health and the economy.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

        I. IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

  • At approximately 00:00 on Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF stationed near Tal al-‘Asur street adjacent to the entrance of Kafr Malek village, west of Ramallah governorate, opened fire at a Palestinian vehicle while entering the abovementioned village. As a result, Mahmoud Farouq Ba’irat (18), was hit with a live bullet to his leg; and Jehad Fahed Ba’irat (19), was hit with a live bullet in his shoulder. Meanwhile, IOF prevented the access of the Palestinian Red Crescent’s medical personnel to the scene and took the two injured Palestinians to an Israeli hospital. IOF called the families of both Mahmoud and Jihad Ba’irat and informed them that their sons went into surgery at “Shaare Zedek” Medical Center in Israel. They told them that their health was stable, and that their detention was extended pending investigation, claiming that they threw Molotov cocktails at IOF.
  • At approximately 03:15, IOF moved into Ein al-Sultan refugee camp, in the central Jericho governorate. Dozens of young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at the Israeli soldiers who responded by firing sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. The clashes continued for about an hour and half, and no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:30 on Friday, 25 September 2020, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuzaa and al-Qarara, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 10:30, Nablus residents with the participation of the Factions of National Action in Nablus gathered in front of al-Abrar Mosque in Asira al-Qibliya, southeast of Nablus to hold a peaceful protest that was occurred heading to the Khilat al-Sakhra area, east of Nablus. The protestors raised the Palestinian flags and sang against the occupation, annexation and the Deal of the Century. As soon as they arrived, they found a large number of the Israeli soldiers are waiting for them, they suppressed the protest and fired live bullets, rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters against the peaceful protestors. As a result, three civilians were injured including the journalist Naser Suliman Shtayyeh (49), working at Flasha Agency, hit with a teargas canister to his back and treated in the spot; and the two other injuries were a 35-year-old man who was hit with a tear gas canister to his face, and the other one (25), was hit with a rubber bullet to his leg.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 7 civilians were shot with direct rubber bullets and sound bombs; two to the head, one in the chest, one in the hand, one in the back and the rest sustained rubber bullets in the limbs.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Saturday, 26 September 2020, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall between the Gaza Strip and Israel, opened fire at agricultural lands and Palestinian shepherds, east of al-Shawka, east of Rafah. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 15:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered at Bab al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada’a closed street. A number of Israeli soldiers fired sound bombs, live bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers and chased them. Resulted in a number of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation and forced the owners of the stores to close their stores.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians, including a child, were shot with rubber bullets in their limbs, and one was hit in his back.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Sunday, 27 September 2020, an Israeli infantry unit coming from “Karmei Tzur” settlement, stormed al-Thuhr neighborhood, south of Beit Ummar, and deployed between civilians’ houses. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with sound bombs, rubber bullets and teargas canisters against the stone-throwers. As a result, IOF withdrew at approximately 19:00, leaving a number of Palestinian civilians suffering teargas inhalation, and no incursions or arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 19:00 on Monday, 28 September 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed at sea off al-Soudaniya area, in western Jabaliya, opened fire and water pumped Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 5-6 nautical miles. As a result, 3 fishing boats were severely damaged and sank, and no injuries were reported. The 3 fishing boats belonged to fishermen from al-Shati’ refugee camp, west of the Gaza Strip. Following are the details:
  1. Boat belonging to Ali Nafiz Salah (34), a boat used for lighting, fishermen were able to retrieve the boat later; 27 boat lights and a generator were lost.
  2. Boat belonging to Adel Sa’eed Abu Riyala (47), whose boat sank and was not found.
  3. 10 boat lights damaged; the boat belongs to Mahmoud Khalil Abu Riyala (34).
  • At approximately 07:15 on Tuesday, 29 September 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahiya in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and intermittently opened fire at them, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They deployed between civilians’ houses, established checkpoints at the village’s entrances and closed the village. IOF searched the vehicles and ID cards of Palestinians before letting them leave the village. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber and live bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. The clashes continued for over than 3 hours and resulted in dozens of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation, and Younis Sufian Obaid (17), and Mohammed Wael Obaid (23), were arrested.
  • At approximately 19:30 on Wednesday, 30 September 2020, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Surif, west of Hebron, and stationed in al-Qrinat area, and deployed between civilians’ houses. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. As a result, a 16-year-old child was shot in his chest and he was referred to the PRC in Hebron by an ambulance. Medical sources described his health condition as moderate. No arrests were reported.

       II. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 24 September 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Bab Huta neighborhood, one of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City neighborhoods. They raided and searched Sufiyan al-‘Ajouni’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF raided ‘Adnan Yousef Mostafa Jaradat’s (53) house located at the entrance to Silat_al-Harithiya village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. IOF ordered ‘Adnan to bring all his money before searching the house. ‘Adnan’s wife, Salam Burhan Jaber, brought NIS 6400 and gave them to the Israeli officer.  After that, IOF were deployed in the house as a prelude to search it. Before their withdrawal, IOF wrote on a paper the value of the confiscated money, ordered ‘Adnan to sign on the paper and handed it to him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar  village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched ‘Abdullah Ibrahim Abu Mariyia’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah, where they raided and searched Mostafa Jamal al-Remhi’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ashraf ‘Abdullah al-Masry (43) and Mohammed Ashraf Abu al-Humus (21) and arrested both of them.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF arrested Ahmed Yaser al-Razem (24) and Mohammed Khaled Hazinah (23) while they were near Bab Huta Gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, and took them to a police station in the Old City.
  • At approximately 21:30, IOF arrested Yousef Ya’qoub al-Rashq (20) while he was near Bab Huta Gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, and took him to a police station in the Old City.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Yousef ‘Ali al-Kaswani (22) and arrested him. It should be noted that al-Kaswani was arrested 3 times during the past 6 months; latest of which was a week ago. Al-Kaswai has been placed under house arrest for 3 months.
  • IOF carried out (7) incursions in Zububa village, west of Jenin; Anabta village, east of Tulkarm; Kafr Qaddum village, east of Qalqilya; and Yatta, Beit Awwa, Sa’ir, and Hadab villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 25 September 2020

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. IOF raided and searched Yazan Jamal ‘Atallah’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Shuyukh al-Arrub village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Kamal ‘Awidat’s ( 29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF moved into al-Sa’diyia neighborhood, one of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City neighborhoods. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Nehad Bader Younis Zaghir (42), and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:20, IOF stationed at a temporary checkpoint established at the entrance to ‘Anin village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank, arrested Yousef al-Shami (26), from Jenin camp, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF arrested Basem Mohammed ‘Asaliyia (46) and his son Malek (19) after severely beating them while they were near Alsilsila Gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates. They were then taken to a police station in the city.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Far’un village, east of Tulkarm; and Halhul city and Hebron city in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 26 September 2020

  • At approximately 12:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Mobtasem ‘Obaid (20) while he was at the eastern entrance to Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF stationed near the annexation wall in al-Dahra area, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank, arrested 3 children, including 2 siblings, and took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Mostafa (13) and Mohammed (12) Yousef ‘Asa’d Khalil Yaseen, and Mohammed Ayman Khalil Yaseen (13).

Sunday, 27 September 2020

  • At approximately 13:00 on Sunday, 27 September 2020, the two children Saied Mohammed al-A’war (17) and Mohamed Subhi Zaloum (17) surrounded themselves to the Moscovia Prison in West Jerusalem, in order to complete their trial procedures after they were placed under 5-month actual and house arrest, in addition to deporting them away from their house located in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.  It should be noted that al-A’war and   Zaloum surrounded themselves as a prelude to take them to Damon Prison until issuing a sentence against them. Both of them were accused of throwing Molotov cocktails at a bus carrying settlers. The two children were arrested on 05 April 2020 after raiding their houses in Silwan village. They were taken and interrogated in Ashkelon prison for 22 days; during which they were beaten, caused and shackled (shabeh) for several hours. After that, they were transferred to Megiddo Prison and then to  Damon Prison. The court extended their arrest until issuing the indictment. Al-A’war and Zaloum’s lawyer, Mohammed Mahmoud, submitted applications to the District Court, calling for releasing them and placing them under a house arrest, but the court refused his request. The lawyer filed an appeal to the Israeli Supreme Court and managed to release them on parole on 06 April 2020.

Monday, 28 September 2020

  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Husan village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohammed Mahmoud ‘Atiyia Shosha’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.  They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, ‘Emad al-Deen Khalil ‘Abisan (33) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF who were patrolling near “Elon Moreh“ settlement, which is established on Beit Furik, Deir al-Hatab and Salem villages lands, northeast of Nablus, arrested 4 civilians. IOF claimed that those civilians had Molotov cocktails. It turned out later that the arrestees are from Ein Beit al-Ma’ refugee camp, west of Nablus, and IOF took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Mohammed Eyad Hamdi (18), Kareem Shaheen (19). Mohammed Akram Hamdi (19), and Mohammed Jalal Abu al-Reesh (18).
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Dura city, Beit Ula, al-Hadab and Beit ‘Amra villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 29 September 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed ‘Emad al-Badawi’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF stationed at Jit village intersection, north of Qalqilya, arrested ‘Alaa Hussam Nassar (20), from Anabta village, east of Tubas, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Issawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Qusai ‘Abed ‘Olayan (22), Mohammed Mousa Mostafa (19) and Yunis Wesam Abu al-Humus (18).
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into al-Salam suburb in Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hazem Ayman al-Tamimi’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Khalil Mohammed ‘Abed al-Latif’s (45) shop and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF stationed at Deir Ballut intersection, west of Salfit, arrested Mo’taz Mousa Hussain Bari (22), from Immatain village in eastern Qalqilya, while heading to his workplace in Israel.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Immatain village in eastern Qalqilyia. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mousa Hussain Bari (49) and Mo’az Ibrahim Yamen (20) and arrested them.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Far’un village, east of Qalqilya; and Sa’ir, Imreish, Ash-Shuyukh, and Beit Einun villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 30 September 2020

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested 2 civilians; one of them was with disability while the other was a child. The arrestees were identified as Aows Mousa al-Salibi (20), a person with disability, and Obai Yousef Abu Mariyia (16).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Idna village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Shadi Hasan al-Batran’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 3 civilians, including a child. The arrestees were identified as Hamza Khowis (18), Ayham Abu Jum’a (16) and Mohammed Abu Ghannam (22).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested ‘Ali Mousa al-‘Ajouri (21) and Saif Majed al-‘Ajouri (18).
  • At approximately 11:30, IOF moved into Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Shadi ‘Abdullah al-Motawer (43), Fatah Movement Secretary, and arrested him. It should be noted that al-Motawer was deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for several months, and he is exposed to ongoing harassments by Israeli Intelligence Service; last of which was in mid-September 2020. Also, al-Motawer’s wife was deported to the West bank and her residency was withdrawn.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Wednesday, 30 September 2020, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, where they raided and searched ‘Ayida Mohammed al-Sedawi’s (60) house and arrested her.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Jalazone refugee camp, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 2 siblings identified as Ahmed (24) and Yaseen (26) Mohammed al-‘Araishi.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • At approximately 07:00 on Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF demolished 3 residential tents  and 5 barracks to graze sheep in Kisan village, east of Bethlehem, under the pretext of  building without licensing. Ahmed Ghazal, Head of Kisan Village’s Council, said that IOF stormed Tina area, east of Kisan village, completely closed it, and prevented civilians from entering or leaving the village. He added that IOF bulldozers also demolished 5 barracks and 3 tents owned by Saleh Ahmed Obayat, Issa Abdullah Ghazal, and Salah Ahmed Obayat.
  • At approximately 10:00 on the same Thursday, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles accompanied with Civil Administration officers stormed Masafer Yatta area, south of Hebron and stationed in Ma’in area. Israeli authorities handed civilians 3 notices to halt construction in their houses under the pretext of building without licensing. Following are details of the notices:
  1. An under-construction house built on (100sqm); property of Issa Jamal Hamamdah.
  2. An under-construction house built on (110sqm); property of Ibrahim Mohammed Dababsa.
  3. An under-construction house built on (90sqm); property of Ibrahim Shehadah No’man.
  • On the same day, IOF issued a military order No. (20/12/H) to confiscate a 1,639 square meters from a land owned by Adnan Mustafa Amin Daraghmah in Kherbat Ghazal area in Jordan’s northern valleys to expand a water pumping station from an artesian water well feeding Israeli settlements and  military camps.
  • At approximately 11:30 on Saturday, 26 September 2020, IOF backed by 2 military construction vehicles accompanied with Civil Administration officers stormed al-Khaldiyah area, east of Yatta area, south of Hebron. The soldiers raided a construction site and Israeli authorities prevented a concrete pump and mixer from reaching the site, detained them for a short time before confiscating them under the pretext of illegal work in Area (C).
  • At approximately 10:20 on Tuesday, 29 September 2020, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle and 2 bulldozers stormed Kherbat Yarza in Jordan’s northern valleys, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF demolished 2 houses built on (60sqm) owned by Hafeth and Rami Nai, Hafeth Masaeed under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C). IOF also prevented Palestine TV Satellite crews from covering the incidents and confiscated their vehicle.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 10:20, on Monday, 29 September 2020, the Palestine TV reporter in Tubas, Ameer Shaheen, headed to Kherbet Yerza in northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas, to cover the demolition of two houses by IOF. The reporter arrived at the area in a Palestine TV vehicle, driven by Suliman Hejjeh (34). Upon their arrival, the two journalists saw an SUV of the Israeli Civil Administration present in the area to secure the demolition of two houses by Israeli bulldozers. Shaheen stepped out of the vehicle, 500 meters away from the two houses, and started to photograph the demolition. Meanwhile, Hejjeh said that: “Five minutes after our arrival, an Israeli liaison officer came and asked for my ID card and I gave it to him. He took it to another officer and then returned and told me to take everything from the vehicle because he would confiscate under the pretext of being in a closed military zone. They confiscated the vehicle and took it to an unknown destination after allowing us to take our belongings from it. The officers handed me a confiscation warrant.” Hejjeh added that his colleague Shaheen continued to photograph the demolition for half an hour until it was over. He called Tubas Governor and told him about the incident. The Governor sent a taxi for them to take them to Palestine TV office in Tubas.

  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stormed al-Baqi’ah hell in Jordan’s northern valleys, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank. IOF confiscated a vehicle owned by Yusuf Qasem Mohammed Abu Arrah, a farmer, and handed him a paper of the confiscation decision.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration bulldozer stormed al-Sababah area, east of Howarah area, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. The bulldozer demolished a barrack built of zinco sheets on (120sqm) owned by Jamil Jamal Khader, from Howara village. Khader  built  the barrack 3 months ago and cost him NIS 20,000 to use it as a car wash, but he was surprised  of a notice fixed on the barrack’s walls by IOF 4 days ago to demolish it within 96 hours under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • At approximately 08:00 on Wednesday, 30 September 2020, IOF uprooted dozens of olive trees after they leveled a land in Husan village, west of Bethlehem and demolished a pergola and pertaining walls.

Mohammed Sibatin, Head of Husan Village Council, said that IOF uprooted dozens of olive trees after leveling lands (estimated of 3 dunums) of many farmers in Kherbat Hammoudah, west of the village. Sibatin emphasized that IOF demolished pertaining walls and a pergola that was used as a store and implanting owned by Adel Sa’di Shushah under the pretext that these lands are under the Israeli full control and no one is allowed to enter them or prepare them. Sibatin also said that Israeli soldiers lately escalated their military measures against Palestinian farmers in the abovementioned area as they prevented them from approaching their lands adjacent to “Beitar Illit” settlement established on civilian’s lands, west of Bethlehem.

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles accompanied with Civil Administration officers, a bulldozer, and a digger stormed Shi’b al Batin in al-Masafer area, southeast of Yatta, south of Hebron. The soldiers deployed between civilians’ houses while the bulldozer demolished 2 houses built of tin plates under the pretext of building without a license. The demolition included the following:
FacilityDistanceDescriptionConstruction yearOwnerIndividuals
Residential house50sqmBricks and tin plates2011Mohammed Ishaq Mahmoud Jabrin11
Residential house50sqmBricks and tin plates2011Mousa Ishaq Mahmoud Jabrin3
tent20sqmShader and pipes2015Mousa Ishaq Mahmoud Jabrin3
  • At the same time, IOF accompanied with Civil Administration vehicle ( bulldozer) stormed Jiftlik village, north of Jericho, north of the West Bank. The bulldozer demolished a barrack built of zinco sheets on (100m)owned by Hasan Salem Mousa al-Ka’abnah, from Jiftlik village. Al-Ka’abnah used part of the barrack as a home for him and his family comprised of 10 individuals, most of them are children, and the other part as animals’ barn. The demolition came under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and their Property

  • On Friday, 25 September 2020, Israeli settlers burnt 50 olive trees in Wadi al-Shami area, southwest of al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. Mohammed Brijiyah, Head of Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission said that Israeli settlers from “Neve Daniel” settlement established on lands of al-Khader village, burnt 50 olive trees implanted for more than 20 years in Wadi al-Sham area, southwest of al-Khader village, owned by Amin Khader Salah.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Saturday, 26 September 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from the group of “Paying the Price”, from Esh Kodesh settlement outpost, southeast of Nablus, attacked Ras al-Nakhel area, east of Qasrah village, adjacent to the abovementioned The settlers attacked 2 poultry farms, one of them is owned by Fadi Awatlah and Adli Mohammed Rezeq and the other is owned by Abdul Haki, al-Wadin using stones and sharp tools. The settlers  punctured the water tanks feeding the land with sharp tools, damaged electricity panels, water and cooling pumps,  and  sat fire into a land owned by Adli Mohammed Rezeq, as a tractor and an illegal car were completely burnt before civilians gathered and  extinguished the fire. In the meantime, clashes erupted between settlers and civilians and Israeli soldiers intervened in favor of the settlers and protected them and took them back to the settlement outpost. Clashes between Israeli soldiers and civilians continued during which the soldiers fired tear gas canisters. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.

        IV. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

IOF declared closing the West Bank and Gaza Strip crossings on Sunday, 27 September 2020, and Monday, 28 September 2020, due to Jewish holiday of “Yom Kippur.”

The Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories said that West Bank crossings will be closed during the abovementioned days, except for the following crossings: al-Zaytoun crossing, Checkpoint 300/Bethlehem Road, Qalandiya Checkpoint in Jerusalem Suburbs, Barta’a checkpoint, Nabi Ilyas checkpoint for residents in seam points. The Coordinator added that these crossings will work on a limited  scope for humanitarian and urgent cases and for specific groups of people, who can enter Israel through their permits.

In the Gaza Strip, Israeli authorities declared that only humanitarian  and life-saving cases will be allowed to travel through Beit Hanou “Erez” crossing, while Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum)  will be closed.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 54 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 8 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF established metal detector gates, and put cement cubes at the entrances to Arab neighborhoods in occupied East Jerusalem and completely closed them, obstructing the traffic movement in all neighborhoods. This was coincided with Israel’s celebration of Jewish holiday of “Yom Kippur”, in which it is prohibited to use vehicles and all kinds of transportations until late hour on the next day evening. It should be noted that the Israeli government declared  on 22 September 2020, imposing a wide-scale lockdown that included several sectors, coinciding with the widespread of coronavirus  as they impose huge fines on occupied East Jerusalem’s residents who move about 1000 meter away from their houses or leave their house to do their business without a permit.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to ‘Atara village’s bridge, Silwad, and Ein Yabrud villages, in Ramallah.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Tuqu village, the entrance to Nahalin village, Aqabet Hasanah area leading to villages, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 25 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to  al-Khader, Bet Fajjar, and Nahalin villages, west of Bethlehem.
  • On Saturday, 26 September 2020, IOF completely closed military Checkpoint (300), north of Bethlehem” in front of civilians’ movement and tightened their measures at “al-Nafaq” and al-Container checkpoints. IOF also  established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Fajjar, Tuqu, Nahalin, and Marah Rabah villages, near al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF established 6 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Fajjar and Tuqu villages, the entrances to Nahalin, Ash-Shawawra, and Marah Rabah villages,  and near al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Monday, 26 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Tuqu village, and near al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Tuesday, 29 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Jala, Beit Fajjar, Tuqu, and al-Kahder villages.
  • On Wednesday, 30 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, and Aqabet Hassnah leading to villages west of Bethlehem.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: Beit Awwa village, Hebron’s southern entrance, and Kharsa village
  • On Friday, 25 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Jalajel and Beit villages, Hebron’s western entrance, and ad-Dhahiriya village.
  • On Saturday, 26 September 2020, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Awwa village, al-Fawar refugee camp, Hebron’s western and eastern entrances, and Bani Na’im village.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF closed al-Ibrahim Mosque in the center of Hebron’s Old City and prevented Palestinian civilians from approaching it or performing prayers in it. Israeli authorities claimed that the closure was due to “Simchat Torah”
  • On Monday, 26 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to as-Samu villages, and Al-Arroub refugee camp.
  • On Tuesday, 29 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Kharsa village, and Beit Ummar village.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 24 September 2020, IOF established2 checkpoints at the entrance to Beita village, branching from Nablus-Ramallah street, at intersections of Sarra village, branching from Nablus-Qalqilya street, southwest of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Qabalan village, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Monday, 28 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint near the intersection of Deir Sharaf village (on Nablus – Tulkarm main road), west of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Sunday, 27 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin.

Salfit:

  • on Saturday, 27 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Monday, 28 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kafr al-Deek village, west of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • on Saturday, 27 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kafr Laqif village, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Tuesday, 29 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.

Tulkarm:

  • On Monday, 28 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrances to Saffarin village, southeast of Tulkarm.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (17– 23 September 2020)

Source

September 24, 2020 – Palestinian Centre for Human Rights

17 – 23 September 2020

  • Palestinian dentist dies of heart attack after an Israeli stun grenade fell next to him near the annexation wall in Jenin;
  • 9 Palestinian civilians wounded in IOF excessive use of force:
  • 8 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya, and the 9th was wounded in Tulkarm;
  • shootings reported at agricultural lands and 3 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip;
  • In 84 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 68 civilians arrested, including 4 children;
  • Israel imposed lockdown on the West Bank and sealed off Gaza crossing for the Jewish New Year;
  • 2 Palestinians from Gaza arrested, one at Erez Crossing while travelling for medical treatment abroad; and another after attempting to sneak into Israel;
  • IOF demolished a house, wedding hall, and an apartment in Ramallah and Tulkarm; lands confiscated in Hebron and Nablus;
  • Settler-attacks: 16 dunums razed, a farm destroyed, and 1050 trees uprooted in Salfit and Nablus;
  • IOF established 59 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 5 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF attacks caused the death of Palestinian dentist, and wounded 9 Palestinian civilians in excessive use of force during raids into Palestinian cities. IOF also continued its policy of demolishing and destroying Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes.

The curfew continues in the Gaza Strip for the fifth consecutive week to limit the spread of coronavirus after cases were discovered outside quarantine centers. PCHR warns of the catastrophic implications of coronavirus spread in the Gaza Strip, especially with its already-exhausted health care system due to 14 years of illegal and inhuman closure and collective punishment policies imposed by IOF on the Gaza Strip.

This week, PCHR documented 166 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: IOF attacks caused the death of Palestinian dentist and wounded 9 civilians in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank. Nedal Mohammed Akram Jabarin (54) died after he suffered a heart attack after Israeli soldiers fired concussion grenades approximate to him, near the Annexation Wall, southwestern Jenin, northern West Bank. The dentist was en route to his clinic, located in a village inside Israel. As to civilian injuries: 8 were wounded in IOF suppression of two peaceful protests in Kafr Qaddum in Qalqilya, and the 9th was wounded in Tulkarm;

including a child and a journalist: 4 were wounded, including journalist Nasser Shtayyeh (52) from Salem village who sustained a live bullet in the neck, at Kafr Qaddum weekly protest against settlement expansion activities in Qalqilya; another civilian sustained wounds near the Annexation Wall in Jenin, and a child was wounded in IOF raid into Ramallah.

In the Gaza Strip, 3 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands and 3 others at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 84 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 68 Palestinians were arrested, including 4 children. In Gaza, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Rafah.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 11 violations, including:

  • Ramallah: house and support wall demolished;
  • Bethlehem: demolition notice served to an under-construction house;
  • Hebron: a tin-plated room, stone chains, and an agricultural room were demolished; cease-work for a treatment centre, two excavators and trucks were confiscated; also, a 70 m³ concrete-built water tank was demolished. IOF also demolished a 600 m electric-network. Several land plots were razed, including one made with ready mix concrete. A sit-in tent was confiscated; and military confiscation orders of 3000 m² were served, as follows:
  • Nablus: confiscation notice for 803 meters for “Tomer” settlement (considered an agricultural community).
  • Tubas: demolition notices for two agricultural facilities (barracks);
  • Tulkarm: wedding hall and an apartment demolished (area of approximately 900 m²).

Settler-attacks: 16 dunums of fruitful-trees razed, an entire farm demolished, and 950 trees uprooted. Additionally, settlers demolished a caravan, fences and support-walls, an several Zawiyas in Salfit. In Nablus, settlers uprooted at least 100 olive trees.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

On Thursday, 17 September 2020, Israeli authorities declared a full security lockdown on the West Bank, and closed Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) and Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossings for the Jewish New Year. The lockdown continued from Friday morning until Monday, 21 September 2020, during which Palestinians were not allowed to enter Israel, except for humanitarian, medical and urgent cases after obtaining a special permit from the Coordinator Office in the Territories. IOF usually imposes a full-scale closure and restriction on Palestinian’s movement during the Jewish holidays.

Meanwhile, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Also, internal restrictions continued in the Gaza Strip for the fifth consecutive week to contain the outbreak of coronavirus, after coronavirus cases were confirmed outside the quarantine centers in the Gaza Strip. As a result, the suffering of Gaza Strip population has increased especially in terms of health and the economy.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

 I. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity

  • At approximately 12:30 on Friday, 18 September 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and intermittently opened fire at them for an hour, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 18 September 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians were shot; one of them was shot to his head, and the rest was shot to their limbs.
  • At approximately 14:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered at Bab al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada’a closed street. A number of Israeli soldiers fired sound bombs, live bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers and chased them around Be’er Sheva and Beir al-Hums streets. Resulted in a number of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation.
  • Also on Friday evening, a Palestinian dentist died after he suffered a heart attack due to Israeli soldiers’ firing of concussion grenades approximate to him, near the Annexation Wall, southwestern Jenin, northern West Bank. The dentist was in route to his clinic, located in a village inside Israel.

According to PCHR investigations, at approximately 14:30 on Friday, Israeli occupation forces (IOF) deployed by the Annexation Wall, near Barta’a checkpoint, southwestern of Jenin, shot stun grenades and teargas canisters at Palestinians attempting to cross into Israel via holes in the annexation wall, some going to work in Israel. Several stun grenades fell near the late dentists, Nedal Mohammed Akram Jabarin (54), from al-Marah neighborhood in Jenin, while he was at least 100 meters away from the gates. Jabarin was going to his dental clinic in Barta’a village, located behind the annexation wall. As a result, he suffered a heart attack and was transported to Dr. Khalil Suleiman Governmental Hospital in Jenin where he was pronounced dead. Jabarin’s family confirmed to PCHR’s fieldworker that the dentist did not suffer any illnesses or any health problems.

It should be noted that the late Dr. Jabarin had two dental clinics, one in Jenin and the other in Barta’a village; the latter was recently opened, and he was heading for work at the Barta’a clinic when he was killed. Dr. Jabarin went through one of the holes in the annexation wall due to the Israeli-imposed full lockdown on the West Bank since Friday morning for the Jewish New Year; the lockdown will continue until Sunday midnight, as well as the 3-week complete lockdown announced in Israel due to the coronavirus pandemic.

While stun and tear gas grenades are widely used across the globe to disperse protests and gatherings, they are often used by IOF in violation of international standards which prohibit shooting such grenades directly at people. This practice has led, in dozens of cases, to death and extreme injuries. Additionally, the explosion of stun grenades near targeted persons causes temporary hearing loss as well as direct injuries.

  • At approximately 00:30 on Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Ali al-Kaswani’s (22) house and arrested him. Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded by firing rubber and live bullets and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. Resulted in dozens of civilians in the area suffered teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 09:15, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and intermittently opened fire at them for an hour, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:30, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Fukhari village, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians were shot with live bullets; one to the shoulder, two in the back, and the fourth sustained a bullet in the thigh.
  • At approximately 21:00, an Israeli infantry unit stormed the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and deployed between civilians’ houses causing fear and panic. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with teargas canisters against the stone-throwers. As a result, a number of Palestinian civilians suffered teargas inhalation, and no incursions or arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on Sunday, 20 September 2020, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron and stationed near the UNRWA distribution center. IOF stopped and searched the Palestinian vehicles and checked their ID cards. A group of young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with sound bombs and teargas canisters randomly against the stone-throwers and houses. As a result, a number of Palestinian civilians suffered teargas inhalation, and no incursions or arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:10 on Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF moved into Anabta village, east of Tulkarm, and fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at Palestinian civilians, claiming that they were exposed to stone-throwing. As a result, a 20-years-old civilian was shot with a direct teargas canister to his lower limbs, and he was taken to the hospital for treatment.
  • At approximately 02:30 on Tuesday, 22 September 2020, IOF moved into al-Issawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ibrahim Abu Shammala (21) and Hamada Abu Shammala (19). Meanwhile, a group of young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the Israeli soldiers, who responded with rubber bullets and teargas canisters against them. As a result, dozens of Palestinian civilians suffered teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 07:30, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of al-Qarara village, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 07:40 on Wednesday, 23 September 2020, IOF stationed inside the annexation wall, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands east of Khuza’a village, adjacent to the abovementioned border fence. No injuries were reported.
  • At approximately 08:00, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and intermittently opened fire at them, causing fear and panic among the Palestinian fishermen forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.

  II. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 17 September 2020:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Zububa village, west of Jenin, where they raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Khaled ‘Abdullah Jaradat (20), Rafeeq Mohanad Rafeeq ‘Amarnah (21), Taleb ‘Abdullah Jaradat (22), Ahmed Maher Sa’ied Sha’abnah (20), and Ahmed Rafeeq Mohammed ‘Amarnah (20).
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Yatta city in southern Hebron, where they raided and searched Yunis Mohammed al-Najjar’s (39) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched three houses, from which they arrested Ahmed ‘Abed al-Rahman Abu Sel (20), Mohammed Khaled Abu Sel (19) and Jehad ‘Emad al-Titi (22).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mo’ath Nehad ‘Obaid (22) and Akram Ghadeb ‘Obaid (18) along with his brother Mohammed (26).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Harsh al-Sa’ada area, east of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested two siblings Ahmed (22) and Mohammed (24) Ziyad Abu Kharj.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Lid village, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched ‘Emad ‘Abed al-Raheem al-Rayys’s (49) house and arrested his him along with his son Ja’far (18).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beit Iba village, west of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mojahed Jamal Saleem’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kafr Dan village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mohammed Fareq ‘Abed (34) and Mohammed Ahmed Salah (38).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed in Abu Ktilah neighborhood. They raided and searched two houses, from which they arrested Ahmed Fahed al-Natsha (30) and Mansour Ahmed al-Natsha (28).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Ni’lin village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mo’tasem Salem Srour’s (23) house and arrested him. Srour was later released after interrogating him for few hours.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit. They raided and searched two houses belonging to ‘Ali Mahmoud al-Qaq (22) and Ibrahim Foad Khalil Abu Ya’qoub (24) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 13:40, an Israeli special undercover unit “Mista’arvim” sneaked into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank, via a bus with a Palestinian license plate and stationed near Ya’bad fuel station. They arrested Mohammed Mahmoud ‘Awidat Zakarna (26), from Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin, taking him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, where they raided and searched Ibrahim Mohammed al-Natsha’s (24) house and arrested him. Few hours later, al-Natsha was released provided that he would be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for a week, and then he will return to al-Qashla Police Station to renew his deportation.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Tammun village in  Tubas; in Saffarin, southeast of Tulkarm; and in Al-Bireh and Birzeit in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 18 September 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hanthaza area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Jameel ‘Abed Jawareesh’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF stationed at lions gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, arrested 7 civilians while getting out of al-Aqsa Mosque and took them to al-Qashla police station for interrogation. The arrestees were identified as: Rami Salah al-Fakhori (29), Ibrahim Mohammed al-Natsha (24), Jehad Naser Qawas (26), Ahmed ‘Abdullah Abu Ghazala (51), Ahmed al-Natsha, Rafat Sameeh Najeeb (32), and ‘Esam ‘Abdullah ‘Emirah (72). After interrogating them for few hours, Israeli police released ‘Esam‘Emirah and Rafat  Najeeb provided that they would be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for 6 months, in addition to imposing a fine of NIS 5000 on them, under the pretext of inciting Palestinians and organizing illegal assembly.. Also, Israeli police released Rami al-Fakhori  provided that he would be deported from al-Aqsa Mosque for  a week.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed at al-Hamra military checkpoint in central Jordan Valley, north of the West Bank, arrested Khaled Mohammed al-Bazour (33) from Raba village, southeast of Jenin.
  • At approximately 19:20, IOF backed by military vehicles moved 100 meters towards al-Shawka village in eastern Rafah, south of the Gaza Strip. The military vehicles leveled and combed lands before they redeployed along the border fence.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF arrested Hamza Abu Nab (17) while he was near Herod Gate, central of occupied East Jerusalem. Abu Nab was severely beaten and taken to “ al-Breed” police station on Salah al-Deen street.
  • IOF carried out (8) incursions in Sebastia, Madama, Burin, and Sarra villages in Nablus; and As-Samu, Surif and Haska villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 19 September 2020

  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Arraba village, southwest of Jenin; and in Al-Bireh  and Beit Ummar and Nuba villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 20 September 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hebron, where they raided and searched Adham Ziyad Abu ‘Aisha’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Deir Sammit village, southwest of Dura city, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Islam Sabri Daib Masalma’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed at lions gate, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, arrested ‘Abdullah al-Joulani (20) and Mohammed ‘Atieq (20), taking them to a police station in the city.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Beit Furik village, northeast of Nablus; and as-Samu, ad-Dhahiriya and Kerza villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 21 September 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Sa’ir village in Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed ‘Isaa Shalaldah’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Anabta village in  eastern Tulkarm, where they raided and searched Khairy Sa’ied Hanoun’s (60) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Isawiya  village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Malek Mostafa’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to journalist Mohammed Qarout Edkidak (27) and handed him a notice to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Moscovia “ police station in west Jerusalem. It should be noted that IOF arrested Edkidak 3 weeks ago after storming his house and interrogated him in al Bareed police station about his journalistic work and owning drone for aerial photography. Edkidak was released next day dawn on bail.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Qalqilyia, where they raided and searched Mo’tasem Mohammed Nazzal’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF and accompanied with military vehicles moved into Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus, and patrolled the village streets. They arrested Omar ‘Atallah Hazem (13) and Mohammed Sa’adah Khalil (14) and released them later in front of “Ali” and “Shvut Rahel” settlements near the village.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in An-Nassariya, Salim, Azmut, and Madama villges in Nablus; and Ash-Shuyukh and Deir al-‘Asal villages in Hebron.No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 22 September 2020

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Aida Camp, north of Bethlehem, where they raided and searched Mohammed Ziyad ‘Ateeq’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Khaled Hamad’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Handaza area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Aseed Hasan al-Wardayn’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Marah Rabah village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Moneer Nasee, Taqatqah’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Marah Rabah village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Husam Mohammed al-Sheikh’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:20, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Saied Mahmoud Nakhla (62), Leader of the Islamic Jihad Movement, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:40, IOF moved into Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Rashad Mohammed Hammad (27) and Mujahed Mahmoud al-Najjar (30) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into Beit Rima village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Fadi Bajes al-Remawi’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:40, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Ni’lin village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched ‘Abdul Qader Mostafa al-Khawaja’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF arrested Mohammed al-Zain (25), from al-Thawri neighborhood in southern occupied East Jerusalem, while he was on al-Wad Street in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Al-Zain was severely beaten and taken to al-Qashla Police Station. Few hours later, al-Zain was released after paying a fine of NIS 500, under the pretext of violating COVID-19 rules, and was deported 1000 meters away from his house.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Birzeit village, north of Ramallah; and Sa’ir, Khasa and Halhul villages. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 23 September 2020

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into as-Samu village in southern Hebron, where they raided and searched Mohammed Eyad Khalila’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hebron and stationed in Johar Mount area. They raided and searched Mohammed Ahmed Abu Hamida’s (40) house and withrew later. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into      Beit Fajjar village in southern Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to a former prisoner, Shaher ‘Isaa Taqatqah’s (25) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Tubas city, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested ‘Obada Shareef ‘Abed al-Razeq (29), taking him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF stationed at Mavi Dotan checkpoint, southwest of Jenin, arrested Saleh Khaled Sadeq Yaseen “Kmail” (18) and Hafiz Ibrahim Zayoud “ Kmail” (40), from Qabatiya village, southeast of Jenin.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Burqa village, northwest of Nablus; and Al-Arroub refugee camp and Al-Majd village in Hebron.  No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • At approximately 02:20 on Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF reinforced with military construction vehicles and 2 bulldozers stormed Beit Sira village, west of Ramallah and stationed at the entrance to al-Latroun street (443), adjacent to the village’s intersection. They demolished Mohammed Ismail Anqawi’s house (37).

Mohammed said to PCHR’s fieldworker that he started constructing his 2-story house on (100sqm) in 2010, and he and his family lived in it on 10 May 2020.  Anqawi emphasized that on 15 June 2020, he received a notice from the Israeli Civil Administration to demolish his house under the pretext non-licensing and illegal construction in Area (C) according to the 1993 Oslo Accords. He added that he headed to Israeli courts more than one and the appeals decisions to demolish the house were rejected. On the same day, at dawn, he was surprised when IOF completely demolished his house.  Anqawi pointed out that the house cost him about NIS 300,000.

  • On Thursday, morning 17 September 2020, IOF notified an under-construction house in Tuqu village, southeast of Bethlehem and confiscated a concrete pump. Mayor of Tuqu village, Tayseer Abu Mefreh, said that IOF stormed al-Halqoum area, west of the village and notified Faisal Mohammed al-Amou to halt construction in his under-construction house. Abu Mefreh said that IOF notified his 2-story house built on (140 sqm) under the pretext of non-licensing. He added that IOF confiscated a concrete pump from al-Ma’moun Concrete Factory while pouring cement on his house. IOF threatened Abu Mefreh of not working on the house he would be subject to legal prosecution.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Tibah, east of Tarqumiyah village, northwest of Hebron. The soldiers deployed the area and the bulldozer demolished a tinplate room built on (16 sqm) and stone chain fixed with barbed wire around the ground owned by Mohammed Nayef Mahmoud Shalalfah (45), from Tarqumiyah village.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF backed by 2 military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers and a bulldozer stormed Kherbat al-Jomjomah, north of Hebron. They demolished an agricultural room built of bricks and tinplate on (70 sqm) and a 70-sqaure-meter water well owned Ashraf Mohammed al-Hamouri under the pretext of non-licensing and illegal construction in Area (C). Israeli authorities gave notices to halt construction in the site on 05 November 2020.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF fixed a notice on an electricity column in Madama village, southeast of Nablus, to confiscate 803 meters of a basin No. (7) in Nabe’a Fasayel, al-Zummarah area, well No. (3) affiliated with Madama village lands, south of the village, in order to establish a water purification plant in favor of Tomer agricultural settlement.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF reinforced with Israeli Civil Administration vehicles stormed Jordan northern valleys, east of Tubas, north of the West Bank. Israeli authorities fixed to notices on agricultural facilities’ walls owned by Rami and Hafeth Masaeed. The notices were to remove the 2 facilities within 96 hours under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (c).
  • At approximately 15:00 on Tuesday, 22 September 2020, IOF backed by several military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers stormed Zif village, northeast of Yatta, south of Hebron. They stationed a land donated from the owners of the Senneh family belongs to Cancer Patients Charitable Society that was leveled to build a treatment center. The soldiers stopped the construction vehicles’ work and confiscated 2 diggers, 2 trucks owned by civilians from Abu Romouz family. It should be noted that this land that has been worked on for 2 months is about 18 dunums.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 23 September 2020, IOF backed by 6 military construction vehicles and bulldozer stormed Kherbat Jbarah village, south of Tulkarm. They demolished a wedding hall and an apartment built on (900 sqm) owned by Jawhar Farah Abu Jaber and registered under his step-mother’s name, Hanan Hamed Abu Jaber, from al-Tiaba city, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (G). The property was under the threat of confiscation in favor of constructing an industrial zone for settlements in the abovementioned area. It should be noted that the period to appeal the wedding hall case before the Supreme Court has not ended as 12 days remain; meanwhile, a final demolition order had not been issued.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Khelet Taha area, south of Dura City, southwest of Hebron. IOF were deployed in the area, while military construction vehicles demolished Mohammed Mahmoud Qateel’s water tank and electrical power network, in addition to electricity poles belonging to Dura Municipality. IOF also demolished Mofeed ‘Abed al-Rahman Hamdan’s concrete floor.

Moreover, IOF confiscated a sit-in tent established by the village residents a month ago to protest against declaring the area as state-owned lands.  It should be noted that on 14 September 2020, Israeli authorities served the aforementioned civilians 96-hour demolition notices, Military orders No. 1797, that gave the concerned civilians 4 days to sort out their legal matters before the demolition and removal. The military decision No. (1797) issued in 2018, which authorizes the Israeli Civil Administration inspector to issue a demolition or removal decision against any building, in which construction has not been completed within (6 months) or has not yet been inhabited (30 days) from the date of the inspector’s arrival to the site.

This kind of notices deprives civilians of their right to defend their houses or facilities. The Israeli Supreme Court also refuses all appeals submitted to freeze or cancel these notices. Also, civilians are denied the opportunity to license their targeted properties, because of the limited time period granted in the military order.

  • At approximately 10:40, IOF backed by Civil Administration vehicle and a bulldozer stormed Bab Shehab area, south of Ni’lin  village, west of Ramallah. The bulldozer demolished a retaining wall built of bricks and cement. The land is surrounded with an agricultural land (1 dunum and 200 meter) owned by Husein Fayez al-Khawaja. The demolition decision came with no prior warning under the pretext of illegal construction in Area (C).
  • On Wednesday morning, Israeli authorities handed civilians in the southern area in Hebron a decision to confiscate 3000 square meters of civilian’s lands distributed on several areas ( the confiscation was for military purposes), which expires 21 December 2022, and civilians have the right to submit an appeal to obtain compensation from the competent authorities. Israeli authorities use these decisions to establish watchtowers, most of the sites defined in the decision are classified as H2 area, which fall under the Israeli jurisdiction according to Oslo Accords

Israeli Settlers’ Attacks

  • At approximately 17:00 on Thursday, 17 September 2020, an group of Israeli settlers accompanied with bulldozers stormed Bedia village, west of Salfit, secured by IOF. the settlers attacked civilians’ lands in Khelat Eliyah and Abu Sharoukh area and leveled 16 dunums planted with fruitful trees, completely demolished a farm, uprooted 950 trees, demolished a caravan, and fences and retaining walls and corners. Following are details of the demolition construction:
Owner’s namePlot NumberItem NumberItem NameType of AttackLand area
Saleem Mohammed67Khelat EliyanLeveling 4 dunums, uprooting 100 olive trees, 500 almonds, 10 figs, 20 grapes, 2 citrus, demolishe 280-meter fence, demolish 70 corners,   and demolish 500-meter retaining walls4 dunums
Kamel Yusuf Salamah and Wael Yusuf Salamah612Khelat EliyanLeveling 6 dunums, uprooting 100 olive trees, qnd 50 almods, 40 figs, and 40 grapes, demolishing 640-meter fence, and 200-meter retaining wall6 dunums and 993 meters
Dawoud Abdul Rahman Abdullah Hassan21Abu SharoukhDemolishing a 30-square caravan, uprooting more than 20 olive trees, leveling a 50-meter fence. Demolishing a 50 meter retaining wall5 dunums and 967 meters
  • On Friday morning, 18 September 2020, a group of Israeli settlers from the group of “Paying the Price” attacked took part from “Rahlim” settlement, southeast of Nablus, into the northern area in As-Sawiya, southeast of Nablus, near the abovementioned settlement. They uprooted 100 olive trees, each tree is 50 years old, owned by Ahmed Khairi Abdul Rahman, Motlaq Mousa Motlaq Abu Ras, Abdullah Yusuf Abdullah Abu Ras, and Oudah Abdul Karim al-Khatib.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

On Thursday, 17 September 2020, Israeli authorities declared a full security lockdown on the West Bank, and closed Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) and Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossings for the Jewish New Year. The lockdown will continue from Friday morning until Monday, 21 September 2020, during which Palestinians were not allowed to enter Israel, except for humanitarian, medical and urgent cases after obtaining a special permit from the Coordinator Office in the Territories. IOF usually imposes a full-scale closure and restriction on Palestinian’s movement during the Jewish holidays.

Gaza Strip:

  • The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Of all the Gaza Strip’s border crossings, only 2 currently function: Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) for movement of goods and Beit Hanoun (Erez) for movement of individuals. The Israeli authorities continued to impose restrictions on the entry of goods classified as “dual-use items”, despite their importance in reviving the market, manufacturing and maintenance. As to Beit Hanoun crossing, it is almost completely closed except for emergency humanitarian cases. Lately, a very limited number of individual cases of patients who have obtained medical referrals and financial coverage to Israel were able to travel, and some others referred to Israeli organizations working in the field of health for assistance in coordination.

For the third consecutive week, curfew is still imposed on the Gaza Strip to contain the outbreak of coronavirus, especially after coronavirus cases were confirmed outside the quarantine centers in the Gaza Strip. As a result, the suffering of Gaza Strip population has increased, and there are warns of catastrophic deterioration in their living conditions, especially if the state of emergency is maintained for a lengthy period without establishing mechanisms to protect the poor, unemployed and day laborers, and support low-income households who lost their incomes due to the state of emergency and curfew.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 59 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 5 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Beit Anan village, and the northern entrance to al-Ram village, north of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • On Thursday, 18 September 2020, IOF imposed a complete closure on neighborhoods and villages of occupied East Jerusalem and restricted its measures on all checkpoints that connects between the West Bank cities and occupied East Jerusalem, within measures taken by the Israeli government to combat the spread of corona virus, which is increasing, especially during the Israeli holidays. IOF also denied access of workers from the West Bank, including permits holders, from entering occupied Jerusalem and Israel, except for diplomatic and international missions, humanitarian cases and emergency medical cases after prior coordination for them.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF tightened their measures at Qalandiya military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem and Jaba military checkpoint connecting between occupied Jerusalem, Ramallah, and Jericho cities, and they obstructed the traffic movement.
  • On Sunday, 20 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Biddu village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.

Ramallah:

  • At approximately 21:00 on 21 September 2020, IOF established a military checkpoint near ‘Atara village’s bridge, north of Ramallah. They searched vehicles, checked civilians’ ID cards and confiscated 2 vehicles with illegal Israeli registration plate owned by Ouda Abu Rajilah and Hasan al-Bazar, from ‘Atara village. On the same day, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: al-Mazra’a eastern village, Silwad, and Ein Yabrud village, Ramallah.
  • On the same day, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: al-Mazra’a eastern, Silwad, and Ein Yabrud villages in Ramallah.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to Marah Rabah village, the western entrance to Tuqu village, near al-Khader village, Aqabet Hasnah area, leading to villages west of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday 18 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western and northern entrances to Tuqu village, east of Bethlehem, and in Aqabet Hasnah area, leading to villages in west of the city.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF closed al-Container” checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, obstructed the vehicles’ movement, and established 4 checkpoints at the northern entrances to Tuqu village, western entrance to Beit Fajjar village, the entrance to Marah Rabah village, and near al-Nashash area, south of Bethlehem.
  • On Sunday, 20 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Rashiadah and Marah Rabah villages, near the entrances to Jannatah and Tuqu villages, Aqabet Hasaniah area, leading to villages in west of Bethlehem, and near the intersection of al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF tightened their measures at al-Container checkpoint, northeast of Bethlehem and established 6 checkpoints at the entrances to Tuqu, Beit Fajjar , Jannatah, and Nahalin villages, Aqabet Hasaniah area leading to villages west of Bethlehem, and near the intersection al-Nashash area, south of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 22 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beit Fajjar area, south of Bethlehem.

Jericho:

  • On Friday, 18 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to: Idhna village, al-Aroub refugee camp, and al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 18 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Ummar, and Bani Na’im villages
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrances to Hebron, al-Fawar refugee camp, and ad-Dhahiriya village.
  • On Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to: Hebron’s southern entrance, entrance to Yatta city, Bani Na’im village’s entrance, and al-Fawar refugee camp.

Nablus:

  • On Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersections of Shavei Shomron settlement, west of Nablus.
  • On Wednesday, 23 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Howarah village entrance, southeast of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Friday, 18 September 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersections of Ya’bad village, and Arana village’s intersection.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection if Arana village, northeast of Jenin.
  • On Wednesday, 23 September 2020IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kfairet village’s entrance, west of Jenin.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit.
  • On Saturday, 19 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.
  • On Sunday, 20 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kifl Haris village, north of Salfit

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Friday, 18 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Izbat al-Tabib village, and the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Tuesday, 22 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Azzun village, east of Qalqilya.

Tulkarm:

  • On Thursday, 17 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Qifin village, north of Tulkarm.
  • On Monday, 21 September 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ertah Suburb, south of Tulkarm.

Hamas Official To Al-Ahed: Unity A Slap in the Face of Normalization That Stabbed Palestinian Cause’s Back

Hamas Official To Al-Ahed: Unity A Slap in the Face of Normalization That Stabbed Palestinian Cause’s Back

By Mahdi Qashmar

Day by day, the Arab League proves that it seeks issues that have nothing to do with Arabs’ concerns and anxieties. Its stance concerning normalization was perhaps the most notable proof in this context. Some of its members became Arabs just when it comes to the identity as the Palestinian cause is now absent from their projects. It rather seems that the top priority for some member states is to target the Palestinian cause, perhaps they please the Zionists and the Americans at a time when the plot had become greater than anyone can imagine.  

In a conversation with “Al-Ahed News”, representative of Palestinian resistance movement “Hamas” in Lebanon, Ali Baraka, regretted the Arab League’s decision, which rejected the Palestinian draft resolution that condemned the UAE-‘Israel’ normalization deal.

Baraka considered that it was a stab in the back of the Palestinian cause and people, noting that this decision encourages the Zionist enemy to continue its criminality and aggressive actions, whether by continuing the siege on the Gaza Strip, the West Bank annexation plan, or ignoring the Palestinian people’s rights.    

Baraka called on all Arab states to back the Palestinian position that refused the “Deal of the Century”, the annexation plan, and the normalization with the Zionist enemy.

He also noted that the most important move that “Hamas” and the Palestinian factions could make was unifying all Palestinian parties, promoting national unity, and building a common strategy to face the “Deal of the Century”, the annexation plan and the normalization schemes. He added that “it was the reason for which “Hamas” had participated, at the leadership level, in the conference for Secretaries-General of all Palestinian factions in Beirut, through which an agreement had been reached to establish three Palestinian committees to continue the joint action in order to establish a unified national leadership to end division and achieve national reconciliation.”

The “Hamas” official stressed that resistance movement is ready to cooperate with all Palestinian factions in order to strengthen the home front and protect the Palestinian cause from Zionist-American schemes to slap the face of all conspiracies targeting this central cause.

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