Dr. Bashar Al-Jaafari’s Statement During the Security Council Session on the Political and Humanitarian Situation in Syria Bashar al-Jaafari at the Security Council 11/25/2020

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Al-Jaafari: countries hostile to Syria, particularly the US and Turkey, support terrorist organizations and separatist militias

25 November، 2020
New York, SANA

Syria’s permanent representative to the UN, Dr. Bashar al-Jaafari, said that countries hostile to Syria, on top of them the US and Turkey, continue their violations of the international law, UN conventions and Security council resolutions relevant to the crisis in Syria through supporting the terrorist organizations, separatist militias and perpetrating crimes against the Syrian people and looting their resources.

“The US occupation and its tools of separatist militias continue their practices aiming at looting the Syrian State resources, furthermore, the US occupation forces have lately excavated the antiquities in Hasaka and stolen large quantities of treasures and gold in the presence of French and Israeli experts at archaeological site in al-Malkiyah city and unearthed 12 historic tombs dating back to the Roman era,” al-Jaafari added in a statement to the UN Security council through video on the situation in Syria.

He added that the stolen priceless antiquities which date back to thousands of years are being smuggled through northern Iraq and Turkey in a preparation for transporting them to other destinations, stressing that these crimes are part of continued ones being perpetrated by the terrorist organization of Daesh with the aim of securing the financial resources for its terrorist acts.

Al-Jaafari reiterated that the political process, facilitated by the UN, is possessed and led by the Syrians and that making the work of the Committee for Discussing the Constitution a success entails respecting its principles being agreed upon, in addition to refusing any external interferences and any attempts by some states to impose timetables, adding that only the Syrian people have the right to determine their destiny.

He also renewed Syria’s condemnation, in the strongest terms, the visit of the US Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, to the Israeli settlements in the Occupied Syrian Golan and the West Bank on Nov 19th, referring that this visit emphasizes the absolute bias of the current US administration until the very end of its mandate to the Israeli occupation Entity.

Regarding the International Conference on the return of Syrian Refugees recently held in Damascus on 11th and 12th of November, al-Jaafari affirmed that it has constituted a significant step to the efforts of Syrian State and its allies to ensure the voluntary, safe and good return of the displaced to their areas and their original residences.

Baraa Ali/ Mazen Eyon

Syria’s International Conference On Refugees Is A Masterclass In Balancing

12 NOVEMBER 2020

By Andrew Korybko

American political analyst

Syria

The kinetic phase of the Hybrid War of Terror on Syria has mostly drawn to a close, as evidenced by the milestone event of the country hosting an international conference on the return of refugees, which resulted in several significant outcomes that speak to the masterful execution of its “balancing” strategy and raise hope that the Arab Republic will eventually transform into the Eastern Mediterranean terminal point of China’s visionary W-CPEC+ corridor across Eurasia.

Strategically Disarming “Weapons Of Mass Migration”

Syria’s international conference on the return of refugees is a milestone event for the country’s war which shows that the kinetic phase of the Hybrid War of Terror against it has mostly drawn to a close. President Assad’s keynote speech saw the Syrian leader thanking his Russian and Iranian wartime allies for their help getting to this point and encouraging his compatriots abroad to finally return home. He claimed that some of their host countries are exploiting them for financial and other reasons, strongly hinting that they’re being used against their will as “Weapons of Mass Migration” like Ivy League scholar Kelly M. Greenhill earlier described such a phenomenon. In connection with that, President Assad condemned those states which continue to impose illegal sanctions against the Arab Republic, which has disincentivized some refugees from returning home and thus results in artificially perpetuating this historic humanitarian crisis that was initially sparked by their external war of regime change aggression against his people through terrorist means.

Syria’s “Balancing” Act

Thankfully, Syria can count on its Russian and Iranian wartime allies to help reconstruct the ruined country and thus facilitate the return of millions of refugees to their homeland. To this end, Russia promised to allocate $1 billion as well as open up a trade mission in Damascus while Iran suggested setting up an international fund for this purpose. Both countries seem poised to enter into a “friendly competition” with one another for reconstruction contracts and market space which can only work out to Syria’s ultimate benefit. The Arab Republic is therefore expected to retain its carefully calibrated “balancing” act between them, wisely doing its utmost to prevent the emergence of any complete dependence on either of them in the future. This strategy is consistent with what it’s always pursued over the decades and represents its masterful execution which too many other small- and medium-sized states previously attempted but to no avail. Even worse, many of Syria’s peers saw this strategy backfire on them, thus leading to either their ruin or full dependence on one partner.

Full credit goes to Syria’s world-class diplomats for being able to manage such a difficult policy with such success. Not only are they “balancing” between Russia and Iran, but they also managed to attract the important participation of other countries in their international refugee conference, most curious of which for some observers is Pakistan. Those who only casually follow Syrian affairs might have missed it, but Islamabad recently dispatched massive medical aid to the Arab Republic. This and its participation in the international conference show that the “global pivot state” (which the author previously referred to it as) is capable of bold foreign policy moves independent of its close American, Saudi, and Turkish partners. Pakistan, just like Syria, is also practicing its own “balancing” act between its aforementioned three traditional partners and its three newest ones of Russia, China, and Iran. In fact, it can be argued that Pakistan and Syria are in the process of synergizing their respective “balancing” strategies for the betterment of Eurasia.

Pakistan’s Serendipitous Chance In Syria”

To explain, not only is Syria “balancing” between Russia and Iran, but also between India and Pakistan too. Although Damascus and Delhi have a long history of close relations, Presidential Advisor Bouthaina Shabaan told the Hindustan Times in August 2017 that her country is becoming hesitant about India’s role in its reconstruction after Prime Minister Modi’s highly publicized trip to “Israel” where he did everything from sign intergovernmental deals solidifying their de-facto alliance to even walking barefoot with Netanyahu along the beach. The author realized at the time that this is “Pakistan’s Serendipitous Chance In Syria” whereby Islamabad could flex its anti-Zionist credentials to present itself as a much more credible partner than pro-Zionist Delhi in pursuit of strengthening the two state’s historic relations that reached their high point in 1974 after a Pakistani pilot flying a Syrian jet shot down an “Israeli” fighter flying over the occupied Golan Heights. Syria’s diplomats were evidently receptive to Pakistan’s outreaches, hence the steady improvement of ties.

The Winding Road To W-CPEC+

It’s not just nostalgia for their Old Cold War-era ties nor their shared hatred of “Israel” that’s bringing them closer together nowadays, but pro-Chinese Silk Road pragmatism. The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is the flagship project of China’s Belt & Road Initiative (BRI), and its western branch corridor (W-CPEC+) through Iran has the chance of not only reaching Russia by running parallel with the stalled North-South Transport Corridor (NSTC) across Azerbaijan but can also extend as far as Syria via Iraq. China is the little-discussed third economic force apart from Russia and Iran which is engaged in a “friendly competition” with its partners to develop Syria, and the improvement of Syrian-Pakistani relations as is presently happening could result in W-CPEC+ extending from the Pacific Ocean to the Eastern Mediterranean through Iran, Iraq, and Syria, all of which are allied with one another. It’ll of course take a lot of political will from all sides — not least of all Pakistan — to see this ambitious vision through, but if successful, then it could revolutionize Mideast geopolitics.

All five countries — China, Pakistan, Iran, Russia, and Syria — would benefit from this outcome. The People’s Republic is the world’s second-largest economy and actively eyeing more positions in the Eastern Mediterranean to complement its prospective ones in “Israel”, albeit via more geopolitically reliable mainland routes than the maritime ones connecting it to the self-professed “Jewish State”. Pakistan has an interest in bolstering its credential as the “global pivot state” by having CPEC serve as the platform for integrating Eurasia more closely together. Iran, which is desperately seeking all manner of sanctions relief, is reportedly negotiating a gargantuan economic agreement with China and would certainly benefit by facilitating more East-West trade through its territory. As for Russia, its recent control over Tartus means that it could profit from any Syrian export of Chinese products through that port. As for the Arab Republic itself, its expected benefit is that this vision would accelerate its reconstruction and allow it to finally actualize its pre-war “Five Seas Strategy”.

Concluding Thoughts

All told, Syria’s international conference on the return of refugees was about much more than just its titular topic. Reading between the lines of the details that have since been revealed about this milestone event, it was actually a masterclass in Syria’s “balancing” strategy. The Arab Republic proved that its diplomats are among the most highly skilled in the world after successfully “balancing” between Russia and Iran, as well as India and Pakistan, all with the aim of fulfilling its visionary “Five Seas Strategy” which some argue was partially responsible for provoking the Hybrid War of Terror that’s been viciously waged against it for almost an entire decade already. In the best-case scenario, Syria will eventually serve as the Eastern Mediterranean terminal point of the W-CPEC+ corridor connecting that strategic body of water with the Pacific Ocean via a several-country-long mainland commercial corridor. The successful fulfillment of this vision would revolutionize not only Mideast geopolitics, but also Eurasian geopolitics as a whole, which thus makes it an urgent priority for all.

Syrian President highlights importance of Russian military inside Syria

By News Desk -2020-10-02

BEIRUT, LEBANON (1:10 P.M.) -Syrian President, Bashar Al-Assad, sat down for an interview with the Russian Zevzda TV channel on Friday to discuss a number of topics, including the Russian military’s presence in Syria.

During the interview, the Syrian President stressed the importance of the Russian military bases on the territory of his country, pointing out that their importance lies in ensuring security and stability in Syria and combating global terrorism.

“In Syria today we are dealing with international terrorism and Russia is helping us to achieve security and stability, but after the elimination of terrorism there is another role that Russia will play at the international level by urging the international community and different countries to implement international law.”

He pointed out that “there is an imbalance between the powers in the current system of international relations and Russia must restore the lost balance.”

The Syrian President noted that the Russian military presence plays a large and important role, not only in Syria, but in the whole world.

“The Russian presence is to ensure security and make the world order more just and balanced. Of course, if the West abandons its aggressive policy of using its military power to create problems in the world, Russia may not need such a policy as well, but the world today needs to the balance you mentioned,” the Syrian President said.

September marked the fifth anniversary of the Russian military’s intervention in the Syrian conflict. Since their entry into the war, the Russian military has helped the Syrian Armed Forces defeat the Islamic State (ISIS/ISIL/IS/Daesh) and retake several parts of the country.

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Russia Affirms its Support to Syria Economically, Politically, and Militarily

September 9, 2020 Arabi Souri

Russia High-level Delegation in Damascus to Support Syria

Russian Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs led a high-level delegation to the Syrian capital Damascus to affirm Moscow’s position towards its oldest continuous and reliable friend, and at times a close ally, in the face of an unprecedented dirty war of terror and attrition waged against it by the world’s superpowers and super-rich countries.

The delegation included the Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov and a host of business representatives, the visit included a meeting with President Bashar Assad and resulted in a number agreements covering the rebuilding of Syria’s infrastructure and emphasizing on Syria’s sovereignty, territorial unity and integrity.

In addition to facing the NATO-sponsored merciless terrorists, US proxy separatist militias, and the blockade, the COVID 19 measures added further burden to the Syrian economy, with sporadic forest fires in one of its remaining fertile regions not infested by the terrorists or occupation forces.

The following is a compiled report by the Lebanese Al Mayadeen news station covers the important outcomes of the visit and side of the press conference held by the Russian Deputy Prime Minister, and the Syrian and Russian foreign ministers Walid al-Muallem and Sergey Lavrov:

https://videopress.com/embed/VzcBrQzD?preloadContent=metadata&hd=1The video is also available on BitChute.

Transcript of the English translation:

The work on the Syrian track depends on what was reached between the Russian, Iranian and Turkish presidents, with the support and approval of the Syrian leadership, and that what unites the three countries’ views is seeking to prevent the Iraqi and Libyan scenario despite the differences in viewpoints.

With regard to the issue of Syria’s sovereignty, territorial unity, and integrity, all the charters and documents issued through the Astana track, like all the Russian-Turkish bilateral agreements, literally stipulate the two countries ’commitment to the sovereignty, unity, and territorial integrity of Syria, noting that the territories under the control of the Syrian government have expanded significantly after signing the additional Russian-Turkish memorandum.

Of course, there are significant differences in the positions of Moscow, Ankara, and Tehran on how to conduct the Syrian settlement, and we can see them in the statements of the representatives of these countries, but what unites Russia, Iran, and Turkey is the steadfast pursuit of preventing a recurrence of the Iraq or Libya scenario. Our joint action within the framework of the Astana process depends on the imperative of respecting the sovereignty, independence, unity, and territorial integrity of Syria, the importance of preventing any external interference in its internal affairs, and the importance of preventing any external incitement to the separatist atmosphere.

Syrian Foreign Minister Walid al-Muallem said that the debate on the Syrian constitution will continue until an agreement is reached, indicating that what will come out of the constitutional committee will be submitted to a popular referendum.

Foreign Minister Walid al-Muallem: With regard to the next constitution, this is up to what the members of the Constitutional Committee reach from both sides, if they want to amend the existing constitution or produce a new constitution, in both cases the product will be submitted to a popular referendum in order to ensure that it represents the widest popular representation.

There is no timetable for (preparing) the constitution. This constitution occupies special importance and a popular sanctity that cannot be completed in a hurry under pressure. This must be accomplished in a way that achieves the aspirations of the Syrian people. The debate on it will continue until they reach an understanding among themselves, and it has nothing to do with the presidential elections.

Russian Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs, Yuri Borisov, said: Most of the areas rich in natural resources are outside the control of the Syrian government, which constitutes an obstacle to the Syrian trade, given that it is an important source of revenue.

Russian Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs Yuri Borisov: Unfortunately, we have to admit that most areas rich in oil and gas are currently outside the control of the Syrian government, bearing in mind that the gas and oil trade were an important source of revenue for the Syrian budget and the same is related to fertile agricultural areas, and this fact harms food security Syria is also forced to import oil and grains after it was exporting them. The draft of the new agreement on expanding commercial, industrial, and economic cooperation between Russia and Syria includes more than 40 new projects, including reconstruction projects for energy institutions and infrastructure for the energy sector, in addition to the reconstruction of a number of hydroelectric power stations that were built by the Union (USSR) or with the participation of Soviet experts, in addition, a work contract has been signed for a Russian company on the Syrian coast to extract oil at sea, and this contract is awaiting its ratification.

The tragic situation in Syria and these obstacles are caused by the destructive position of the American administration, in addition to the unwillingness of the Kurds to communicate with Damascus and hand over control to the legitimate government in Damascus over the agricultural areas and oil and gas fields.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov is in Damascus for the first time in eight years, accompanied by a large delegation, to strengthen relations between Moscow and Damascus.

Economically, Moscow seemed to continue to strengthen economic cooperation through agreements to be signed between Russia and Syria. Politically, regarding the Syrian presidential elections, Lavrov was clear by saying: The elections are the sovereign decision of the Syrian Arab Republic. While it was confirmed by Minister Al-Moallem that the Syrian presidential elections are taking place on schedule next year.

Minister Lavrov’s statements did not deviate from the expectations and readings prior to his arrival in Damascus. The Russian minister folded the eight years from the time of his first visit and the Syrian war with three titles as a way out that Damascus needs to get out of the complexities of the crisis, in the work of the Constitutional Committee, economic cooperation, and the completion of the war on terror.

It was not arbitrary that the Russian Deputy Prime Minister, Yuri Borisov, sat on one platform with the Russian and Syrian Foreign Minister Lavrov and Al-Muallem. Giving the economic dimension a place in the visit to Damascus was one of its most important goals in the agreements to rebuild the infrastructure in the energy and economy sector and expand Russian investments to alleviate the consequences of Caesar’s sanctions.

The few hours in the presidential palace also carried many messages, and the presidential statement went beyond just pre-registering the points of agreement between the two parties, but turned into a message about a partnership to be held in the war on economic sanctions and overcoming the blockade.

President Assad Receives Visiting Russian Delegation Headed by Dy PM Borisov and FM Lavrov
Russian Delegation in Damascus Meet President Assad
Russian Delegation Meeting President Bashar Assad

The meeting confirmed the continuation of the political process through the Astana track, which set a horizon and an exit point for the war in the hands of Moscow, Tehran, and Damascus, and continues to neutralize the Western powers that seek to divide Syria, and in the work of the Constitutional Committee in Geneva without a timetable for rewriting or amending the constitution, and there is no political solution except from inside Syria. According to UN Resolution 2254, in conjunction with the elimination of the remaining hotbeds of terrorism, to prevent a recurrence of the Libya and Iraq scenario in Syria.

Moscow sends to Damascus a high-level political and economic delegation to re-establish the general lines of its strategy in support of the Syrian state, and Moscow realizes that its position in the Syrian file is an essential part of its rise again in the world, but it is also mainly in ensuring fundamental issues that confirm the unity of soil and the Syrian map.

Dima Nassif – Damascus, Al-Mayadeen

End of the report by Al Mayadeen

When the whole world’s economies struggle from the consequences of COVID 19 and the strict measures implemented to contain it, the western hypocrite and criminal officials doubled-down their sanctions on the Syrian people, who are still fighting ISIS which the west itself claim is the worst terrorist organization, claiming they are helping them by killing them slowly, Trump imposed his Caesar Act regime of sanctions, not applied to any other country on the planet, and the European Union renewed their draconian sanctions for a further year.

The Pentagon Threatening to Revive ISIS

Jaafari Demands UN Halt Terrorists without Borders, Looters of Syria

Hearing is Not Like Seeing: NATO’s Terrorists Burning Syrian Wheat Crops – Video

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HOW HEZBOLLAH WILL HIT ISRAEL: IS GENERAL WAR AN OPTION?

Posted on  by Elijah J Magnier

By Elijah J. Magnier: @ejmalrai

“I warn Hezbollah: don’t disturb the calm on the borders with Lebanon”, said the Israeli spy Chief Yossi Cohen at a high-tension moment between Israel and Hezbollah. This statement was provoked by the Israeli violation of Syrian sovereignty and its bombing of Damascus airport, where Hezbollah announced that one of its militants had been killed. The Israeli media are mainly concerned, not if Hezbollah will hit back, rather when and how– and whether the hit would lead to a general war.

The Israeli military command has moved the Golani brigade thirteen infantry to the command of the Galilea division (in the northern command for the front with Lebanon) as part of the measures to counter Hezbollah’s possible retaliation along the Lebanese border. However, in 2006 (when Israel was expecting similar action) these same measures helped very little:  Hezbollah attacked and was able to abduct a number of Israeli soldiers.

Israeli generals shared their analysis earlier this year confirming that Israel is no longer in a position to declare war on Hezbollah and win. Such a war would push Israel back dozens of years due to the inevitable level of destruction, together with results both unexpected and unforeseen. Israel has lost the preventive hit advantage that its leaders have adopted since 1948, and it has failed to impose its own rules and deterrence.

Hezbollah always considers the possibility of war and prepares its forces as if war could break out tomorrow. However, neither Hezbollah nor Israel wants to see a tit-for-tat knee-jerk response that moves everything towards a larger war. Israel needs to accept the hit, and understand that flying over Syria is no longer a holiday flight- and that killing Hezbollah militants will not go unpunished. In the old days, Israel used to set the rules of engagement and the direction of the game: those days are over.

Proofread by:   Maurice Brasher and C.G.B.

Copyright © https://ejmagnier.com   2020 

UNSC Approves Extending Al-Qaeda Border Crossing to Idlib for One Year

Source

July 12, 2020 Arabi Souri

NATO Friends in Syria - UNSC - Nusra Front ISIS FSA Al Qaeda Terror SDF Kurds
NATO Friends in Syria

UNSC, the United Nations Security Council, passed a new resolution on Syria to allow humanitarian aid introduction into Syria through one border crossing.

After a long heated deliberation between the members of the United Nations Security Council, members who support Al Qaeda and want to prolong the terror war on Syria spearheaded by NATO member states, and those who want to adhere to international law and respect the sovereignty of an establishing member state of the United Nations, Syria.

The existing mandate for sending ‘humanitarian aid’ into Syria expired yesterday, the 10th of July. The new resolution allows extending the introduction of ‘humanitarian aid’ through Bab Al Hawa border crossing with NATO member state Turkey into Idlib, the last stronghold of al-Qaeda in Syria. The extension is for one year.

This means that any other border crossing run by any other party than the Syrian Government is considered as illegal and the Syrian armed forces and their allies are not only allowed to target, but are obliged to do so.

NATO member states Germany and Belgium penned the initial draft resolution to extend the crossings for one year and increase the number of such crossings to 6. The situation today is totally different than when the 2165 UN resolution was passed in 2014, now that US-sponsored terrorist groups have lost the majority of the territories they gained back then, and the Syrian state increased its presence all over, therefore, logically, there’s no need for more crossings now, rather what was needed is enabling the Syrian state to eliminate all terrorist groups, not provide them with humanitarian and non-humanitarian aid to prolong the suffering of the Syrian people further.

Three countries abstained from the vote on the new UNSC resolution: Russia, China, and the Dominican Republic, there were no vetoes allowing the new resolution penned by NATO member states Germany and Belgium to pass.

Russia and China vetoed the previous draft resolution penned by NATO member states Germany and Belgium extending the border crossings to one year and adding new crossings, Russia presented a counter draft that very much is similar to the one passed but was vetoed by NATO member states because it includes a demand to lift the inhumane unilateral coercive measures against the majority of the Syrian people, and the new compromise was finally introduced.

Russia’s opposition to the resolution remained because it’s ignoring the request of the UN Secretary-General to include in it the demand to lift off the unilateral coercive measures (draconian sanctions) imposed on the Syrian people, the 18 million of them not living in the last ‘safe haven’ of al-Qaeda in Idlib province, but Russia didn’t veto the new resolution since there are civilians that might benefit from this crossings until Idlib is cleaned from NATO-sponsored terrorists.

ما بين بوتين والأسد أقوى من «بازارات» السياسة…!

ما بين بوتين والأسد أقوى من «بازارات» السياسة…! – جريدة البناء ...

محمد صادق الحسيني

كثر أخيراً الكثير من الكلام وفيه الغث والسمين عن خلافات في الرؤى بين روسيا بوتين وسورية الأسد، وذهب كثيرون من دون علم ولا مسؤولية عن نية مزعومة لدى القيادة الروسية بالضغط باتجاه تغيير القيادة في سورية أو ما سمّوه تغيير الرئيس بشار الأسد، وهو ادّعاء لا يصحّ إلا مع مرضى النفوس ممن ينطبق عليهم المثل الإيراني الشهير:

«الكافر يقيس الناس على معتقده…»!

ظناً منهم أنّ كلّ عالم السياسة هو كعلاقتهم الذئبية مع سيدهم الأميركي…!

صحيح أن التاريخ ليس وحده من يعطي العلاقات السورية الروسية الحاليّة، ذات الطبيعة الاستراتيجية المتينة طبيعتها، وإنما الاقتصاد والسياسة والأمن والضرورات العسكرية للطرفين. وهذا يعني أن العلاقات الحاليّة مبنيّة على أسس القانون الدولي الشديدة الوضوح، في تنظيم العلاقات بين الدول، وكذلك الأمر فهي مبنية على المصالح المتبادلة للطرفين.

ومن نافل القول أيضاً أنّ هذه العلاقات، التي تزداد ترسّخاً في الوقت الحاضر، ليست علاقات جديدة، بل هي موجودة منذ استقلال سورية عن الاستعمار الفرنسي، منتصف أربعينيات القرن العشرين. وتعمّقت هذه العلاقات بعد توقيع اتفاقية التعاون المشترك بين البلدين، سنة 1955، والتي أثارت حفيظة القوى الاستعمارية الدولية يومها وعلى رأسها الولايات المتحدة، التي اتهمت سورية بأنها تجنح لأن تصبح دولة شيوعية مرتبطة بالاتحاد السوفياتي وقاعدة لتوسيع نفوذه في المنطقة…!

وقد قامت تلك القوى الاستعماريّة بمحاولة فاشلة لتطويق سورية ووقف تعاونها مع الاتحاد السوفياتي، وذلك من خلال العمل على إنشاء حلف عسكري معادٍ للاتحاد السوفياتيّ، أُطلق عليه اسم حلف بغداد، بحيث يضمّ العراق الملكيّ والأردن وتركيا وبريطانيا والولايات المتحدة. وقد رفضت سورية ومصر عبد الناصر هذا الملف العدواني العسكري وقاومته بكلّ الوسائل حتى أسقطته وتمّ دفنه بعد عدوان 1956 على مصر وتكريس الدور السوفياتي في «الشرق الاوسط»، اقتصادياً وسياسياً وعسكرياً.

ولكن المحاولات الاستعمارية الأوروبية، بقيادة الولايات المتحدة الأميركية بعد العدوان الثلاثي، لإسقاط سورية ومنعها من تمتين علاقاتها مع الاتحاد السوفياتي، قد استمرّت وتمّ تصعيدها عبر ما أطلق عليه: «مبدأ آيزنهاور»، الذي اعلن عنه الرئيس الأميركي آنذاك، أيزنهاور، في رسالة أرسلها إلى الكونغرس الأميركي، وجاء فيها أن الولايات المتحدة مستعدة لتقديم المساعدة الاقتصادية والسياسية والعسكرية، لأيّ دولة في «الشرق الاوسط» تطلب ذلك.

ولم يمضِ وقت طويل حتى طلبت الإدارة الأميركية، من عضو الناتو تركيا، بالبدء بالتحرّش بسورية عسكرياً. وبالفعل بدأت تركيا بحشد الآلاف من جنودها على الحدود السورية… وقد بلغ التوتر ذروته في 18/8/1957 إثر تعيينات وتغييرات أجراها الرئيس السوري شكري القوتلي على قيادات الجيش السوري، اعتبرتها الولايات المتحدة انقلاباً شيوعياً نقل سورية الى المعسكر السوفياتي. وهو ما دفع تركيا (الناتو) إلى دقّ طبول الحرب ضد سورية. إلا انّ تهديد الزعيم السوفياتي، نيكيتا خروتشوف، بقصف تركيا بالصواريخ إن هي اعتدت على سورية، الأمر الذي دفع المعسكر الغربي بالتراجع عن نيات العدوان وسحب تركيا حشودها عن الحدود السورية وإنهاء الأزمة في شهر 10/1957. وبهذا يكون مبدأ أيزنهاور هو الآخر قد سقط تماماً وانتهت أحلام الولايات المتحدة بالسيطرة على سورية، بحجة التصدي لتمدّد النفوذ السوفياتي في «الشرق الأوسط».

وكما كانت خطط العدوان الاستعماري الأوروأميركي ضدّ سورية، في خمسينيات وستينيات وسبعينيات القرن الماضي، متواصلة ضدّ سورية والدول العربية الأخرى المعادية للاستعمار، إلا أنها وفِي جزء كبير منها كانت تستهدف المصالح السوفياتيّة، ومن ثم الروسية بعد انهيار الاتحاد السوفياتي، في المنطقة والعالم، وذلك عبر تكريس سيطرة الولايات المتحدة على بحار وأسواق العالم. وكان للسيطرة على البحر المتوسط، من قبل الأساطيل الأميركية، أهمية مزدوجة خدمة للمصالح الأمنية العسكرية والاقتصادية لكلّ من الولايات المتحدة والكيان الصهيوني.

ولا بدّ هنا من العودة بالذاكرة الى السياسات الأميركيّة، المعادية لسورية، منذ بداية القرن الحالي، وصولاً الى اغتيال الحريري في لبنان واستصدار القرار 1559 من مجلس الأمن وإرغام الجيش السوريّ على الانسحاب من لبنان وافتعال أزمة دولية لحصار وتدمير سورية، بعد اتهامها زوراً باغتيال الحريري. ولكن فشل هذه الحملة وصمود سورية قد دفع قوى العدوان الاستعماريّ الى إشعال حرب 2006 ضدّ لبنان، أملاً من واشنطن في تحقيق الهدف بإخضاع سورية وإنهاء دورها، المتمثل في كونها خط الدفاع الأول عن القضايا العربية، وفي مقدمتها قضية فلسطين، وكذلك لكونها قلعة أمام السيطرة الأميركية على المنطقة.

أما عن علاقة كلّ هذا مع طبيعة العلاقات السورية الروسية واكتسابها صفة العلاقات الاستراتيجية، فلا بدّ من توضيح بعض النقاط، لإظهار حقيقة العلاقة الجدلية، بين المصلحة الروسية وتلك السورية في التعاون العسكري والسياسي والاقتصادي، والتطور والنمو اللذين شهدته هذه العلاقات، منذ بدء الحرب الكونية العدوانية على سورية، سنة 2011. وأهم هذه النقاط هي التالية:

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ـ اتفاقية التعاون المشترك، بين سورية والاتحاد السوفياتي، الموقعة سنة 1971، والتي شكلت قاعدة تعاون صلبة، على مختلف الصعد وبينها الصعيد العسكري، حيث حصل الاتحاد السوفياتي آنذاك على نقطة ارتكاز بحرية لأسطوله، الذي يقوم بمهمات الدوام القتالي في البحر الأبيض المتوسط.

ورغم تعثر عمليات الاسطول الروسي لبضع سنوات، بعد سقوط الاتحاد السوفياتي سنة 1991، الا ان بداية الالفية الحاليّة قد أعادت الحياة الى هذا الوجود البحري الروسي في المتوسط. وهو الوجود الذي يعتبر، من وجهة نظرنا، القوة الروسية التي تتواجد على خط الدفاع الأول عن أسوار موسكو، حتى قبل بدء العدوان على سورية. وليس علينا إلا أن نتذكر، بأن الاساطيل الأميركية والبريطانية والفرنسية والايطالية، التي شاركت في حروب التدخل، التي بدأتها البحرية البريطانية، في شهر حزيران سنة 1918، عندما نفذت عملية إنزال بحري على ميناء مورمانسك Murmansk في المحيط المتجمّد الشمالي، وسيطرت عليه، نقول إنّ هذه الأساطيل قد تحركت للهجوم على روسيا من البحر المتوسط الى مضائق البوسفور والدردنيل وصولاً الى البحر الأسود، جنوب روسيا، حيث وصلت الأساطيل الفرنسية والبريطانية واليونانية والايطالية الى ميناء اوديسا (حالياً في أوكرانيا)، بالإضافة الى قوة بحرية أميركية، قوامها 8000 من عناصر المارينز، قد تم إنزالها على سواحل ڤلاديڤوستوك، في أقصى الجنوب الشرق الروسي، وبدأت جميع هذه القوات، ومن خلال عمليات منسقة، بمهاجمة الأراضي الروسية… ولكنهم فشلوا في اختراق الأراضي الروسية واحتلال أجزاء منها.

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ـ كما أنّ اتفاقية التعاون السورية الروسية، المذكورة أعلاه، قد شكلت أرضية لقيام وزارة الدفاع السوفياتية بتعزيز الوجود العسكري السوفياتي في طرطوس، بعد أن قرّر السادات يوم 8/7/1972 الاستغناء عن خدمات المستشارين العسكريين السوفيات في مصر، وهو الأمر الذي وصفه الزعيم السوفياتي ليونيد بريجنيف بأنه أكبر هدية للولايات المتحدة من دون ثمن.

الى جانب ذلك فقد شكلت هذه الاتفاقية القاعدة التي قام بموجبها الاتحاد السوفياتي بتسيير 900 رحلة جوية، لطيران النقل العسكري، لنقل 15000 طن من المعدات العسكرية للجيش السوري، بعد حرب تشرين 1973، وذلك لتعويض الخسائر التي لحقت بقوات الجيش. كما تمت إقامة جسر بحري بين روسيا واللاذقية للغرض نفسه.

ولا بدّ، في هذا الصدد، من التأكيد على ان الاتحاد السوفياتي لم يكن ليقوم بكلّ تلك العمليات، التي اعتبرها استثماراً استراتيجياً في علاقاته مع سورية، لم يكن ليقوم بذلك لو لم يكن على قناعة بأنّ الدور السوري في التصدّي لمحاولات الهيمنة الأميركية في العالم هو دور أساسي.

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ـ وقد تأكد هذا التقدير السوفياتي العميق، للدور السوري، سنة 2010، عندما حصل الهجوم الدبلوماسي الاقتصادي الأميركي الأوروبي التركي الخليجي على روسيا الاتحادية، وذلك عندما قام الرئيس الفرنسي، نيكولا ساركوزي، بترتيب قمة رباعية في دمشق، ضمّت إلى جانبه الرئيس بشار الأسد ورئيس الوزراء التركي، رجب طيب ردوغان، والذي لم يكن رئيساً لتركيا بعد، وأمير قطر، الشيخ حمد بن خليفة آل ثاني.

وقد عقدت هذه القمة في دمشق، بتاريخ 27/5/2010، حيث عرض هؤلاء على الرئيس الأسد ما يلي:

أ ـ عرض الفرنسي العمل على إعادة دمج سورية في المجتمع الدولي وتقديم مساعدات اقتصادية أوروبية لها.

ب ـ أما أردوغان فقد عرض الضغط على «إسرائيل»، حيث كان يعمل وسيطاً في المحادثات غير المباشرة بين سورية والكيان الصهيوني، عرض تكثيف الضغط على «إسرائيل» للوصول الى حلّ لمشكلة الجولان المحتلّ.

ج ـ أما أمير قطر فقد عرض على الرئيس السوري تمويلات وقروض تصل الى 150 مليار دولار.

وذلك في مقابل موافقته على:

بناء خط أنابيب لنقل الغاز من جمهوريات آسيا الوسطى، السوفياتية سابقاً أذربيجان وتركمانستان، وإيران بعد إسقاط الحكم فيها، الى جانب الغاز القطري، ومن العراق أيضاً الذي كان لا زال تحت الاحتلال الأميركي، بحيث يمرّ هذا الخط من شمال شرق سورية ليصل الأراضي التركية ويتابع مسيره من هناك عبر بلغاريا… رومانيا المجر وصولاً الى النمسا، حيث ستقام محطة توزيع لهذا الغاز لكلّ أنحاء أوروبا. وقد سمّي هذا المشروع في حينه: خط غاز نابوكو Nabucco وهو مشروع كان يحظى بدعم أميركي أوروبي كامل وبدأ التحضير لإقامته سنة 2002، بينما تم التوقيع على الاتفاق الخاص بالتنفيذ، من قبل كل من: تركيا/ رومانيا/ بلغاريا/ المجر/ النمسا/ بتاريخ 13/7/2009. وذلك لمنافسة روسيا، أو بالأحرى لضرب الصادرات الروسية من الغاز الى أوروبا، خاصة أنّ روسيا كانت تخطط لإقامة خط أنابيب لتصدير الغاز، من جنوب روسيا إلى أوروبا، اسمه ساوث ستريم South Stream، الذي استبدلته روسيا بخط آخر اطلقت علية اسم تورك ستريم Turk Stream، وتمّ افتتاحه قبل أشهر.

ـ تجميد علاقات سورية مع إيران.

ـ وقف دعم حزب الله وحركتي حماس والجهاد الإسلامي في فلسطين.

ومن المعلوم طبعاً انّ الرئيس بشار الأسد قد رفض رفضاً قاطعاً تلبية أيّ من هذه الشروط. وربما يكون مفهوم لدى الكثيرين رفض الرئيس الأسد قطع علاقاته مع إيران وحزب الله والمقاومة الفلسطينية، ولكن ما قد يصعب فهمه على الكثيرين هو أسباب رفض الرئيس الأسد، وبشكل قاطع، الموافقة على مشروع خطوط الغاز.

ولكن السياق التاريخي للعلاقات الروسية السورية، الذي عرض أعلاه، لا بدّ انّ يساعد في فهم خلفيات وموجبات هذا الموقف السوري الصلب، وبالتالي الموقف الروسي الداعم عسكرياً للرئيس الأسد منذ عام 2015. إذ إنّ صانع القرار السوري يعلم تماماً ان موضوع خط الغاز المذكور لم يكن مشروعاً تجارياً عادياً وإنما كان مخططاً استراتيجياً أميركياً يرمي الى إخراج روسيا من أسواق الغاز الأوروبية، وإلحاق أكبر الأضرار باقتصادها بهدف شل قدرتها على مواصلة عمليات التحديث والتنمية والتطوير للدولة الروسية بشكل عام وللقوات المسلحة الروسية بشكل خاص.

من هنا، ومن منطلق الوفاء للصديق الصدوق، الاتحاد السوفياتي السابق ووريثته القانونية الحاليّة، جمهورية روسيا الاتحادية، فإنّ الرئيس الأسد، وبالاستناد الى الأخلاق السياسية العليا التي يتمتع بها، فقد قرّر أن يقيم خط صدّ عن موسكو لعلمه، المبني على تحليل دقيق للأبعاد الاستراتيجية لخطوته تلك، وذلك لأنّ التآمر على مصالح روسيا كان سيُمَكِّن دول الاستعمار الغربي بإلحاق أضرار كبيرة بروسيا وبسورية تتابعاً ونتيجة لذلك. وهو ما جعل الولايات المتحدة وأذنابها، من صهاينة وأعراب وعثمانيين جدد ودول أوروبية مُستَعْمَرَةٍ من قبل الولايات المتحدة تلجأ الى الخطة البديلة، ألا وهي تدمير سورية وتفكيكها كدولة، أملاً منها في تدمير خط الدفاع الأمامي عن موسكو. ولكن الصمود الأسطوري للشعب السوري وجيشه ورئيسه وتزايد الخطر على كيان الدولة السورية وما بدأ يلوح في الأفق محدودية قدرة الدولة السورية على مواصلة الحفاظ على حصونها على شواطئ المياه الدافئة، ونظراً للأهمية الاستراتيجية الفائقة لهذه المياه، فقد قرّرت القيادة الروسية التدخل مباشرة وبالقوة العسكرية اللازمة، لدعم صمود الحصون السورية.

وقد مثَّل هذا القرار تحركاً استراتيجياً قلب موازين القوى الدولية، خاصة أنّ سورية وروسيا قد اتفقتا، بعد التدخل العسكري الروسي، على تعزيز التعاون العسكري بين البلدين، على قاعدة اتفاقيات قانونية ورسمية طويلة المدى، تم بموجبها ليس إقامة قاعدة حميميم الجوية وطرطوس البحرية، فحسب وانما إيجاد الاطار القانوني اللازم لذلك، حسب الأصول والقوانين الدولية، خدمة للمصلحة الاستراتيجية للدولتين.

من هنا فإنّ العلاقات السورية الروسية ليست علاقات قائمة على الانتهازية او التسلط او الاستغلال، وانما هي استمرار لنهج من التعاون المثمر الذي يخدم المصالح الاستراتيجية المشتركة للبلدين.

وهي بالتالي ليست علاقات خاضعة لمزاج البازارات السياسية ولا لقوانين السيطرة والهيمنة، التي تمارسها الولايات المتحدة مع أذنابها في العالم، وانما هي علاقات متكافئة تعكس مستوى عميقاً جداً من الفهم والتحليل السياسي العلمي والموضوعي الذي هو أساس كل قرارٍ صائب.

وهذا هو السر الذي يقف وراء متانة هذه العلاقات واستحالة تعرضها للخلل بسهولة عند أول تباينات في قراءة هذا الحدث او ذاك من وقائع السياسة اليومية وتحولاتها الموسمية…!

بعدنا طيّبين قولوا الله…

الرئيس حافظ الأسد… وقصة اللقاء الأول

علي ناصر محمد Archives - وكالة أوقات الشام الإخبارية

علي ناصر محمد

الرئيس حافظ الأسد… وقصة اللقاء الأول – جريدة البناء | Al-binaa ...

شكلت وفاة القائد العربي الكبير حافظ الأسد خسارة كبيرة ليس لسورية وشعبها فقط، بل للشعوب العربية قاطبة في وقت من أصعب الأوقات في تاريخ الوطن العربي، إذ خسرتْ برحيله زعيماً، عنيدًا، صلباً، رابط الجأش، لا يأبه للضغوط، صاحب رؤية تاريخية مُدعَّمة بالثقة في النفس ومؤمنة بتحقيق هدفها في النهاية. رجل فكر وأيديولوجيا قومية في وقت واحد.

كان رحمه الله آخر القادة العرب الذين شكلوا التاريخ الحديث للمنطقة. غير أنّ أثره كان أقوى من الجميع فرؤياه الثاقبة ومواقفه المبدئية وموقفه المقاوم للاحتلال، ورفضه العنيد لتقديم تنازلات، فيما يتعلق بالأرض العربية المحتلة، وتمسكه بالحقوق المشروعة للشعب العربي الفلسطيني، حوّلت سورية إلى قوة سياسية إقليمية. ولهذا سيذكر التاريخ للرئيس الراحل أنه لم يحوِّل سورية إلى عملاق سياسي له حضوره ونفوذه على امتداد الوطن العربي فحسب، بل سيذكر له أيضاً ودائماً أنه صمد واستمر في الصمود وواجه كل الضغوط الساعية للانتقاص من الحق العربي، وأنه ظلّ متمسكاً بتصميمه ألا يوقع سوى على سلام شامل وعادل ومشرف.

كما سيذكر التاريخ حافظ الأسد كرجل أعطى سورية الاستقرار واستمرارية الحكم وأكد أهمية بلاده في المنطقة، واستطاع مدَّ خيمة الأمن عليها طوال ثلاثين عاماً عقب سنوات من الانقلابات المتلاحقة والقلاقل وعدم الاستقرار السياسي. إنه، باعتراف الجميع، أول زعيم عربي سوري يذهب بهذا القطر العربي إلى مركز الفاعلية الذي لا تستطيع قوة دولية أو إقليمية تجاهل دوره وتأثيره.

لقد طبع الراحل سياسات المشرق العربي، وعموم المنطقة العربية ببصمات قوية لمواقفه وأفكاره وممارساته على مدى ما يزيد على ثلاثة عقود من الزمن.

ولا يخفى على أحد أنّ تلك الفترة من تاريخ سورية شهدت خطوات كُبرى على صعيد بناء سورية الحديثة القوية، وهو ما لم يكن متوافراً ولا متحققاً قبله في السنوات الأربع والعشرين التي سبقت الحركة التصحيحية، لكثرة الانقلابات والتغييرات التي أحدثت حالة من عدم الاستقرار منعت سورية وشعبها حتى من التقاط الأنفاس، فحوّل المكانة الاستراتيجية لسورية التي كانت هدفاً للصراعات الإقليمية والدولية يدور الصراع عليها إلى شوكة الميزان في التوازنات الإقليمية وأصبح أحد اللاعبين السياسيين الكبار في المنطقة.

وقد تمكّن من تحقيق ذلك بما عرف عنه من حنكة واقتدار في مضمار إدارة السياسة والتخطيط الاستراتيجي، والتصريف التكتيكي الفذّ للمواقف، والتحري الدقيق للخيارات البرنامجية، ولم يكن ذلك يرجع إلى موقع سورية الجغرافي والسياسي في قلب مصهر التناقضات كما يفترض فحسب، بل يعود في كثير منه، وبشهادة المحللين السياسيين، إلى جَلَده ودهائه وكفاءته النادرة في تطويع الممتنع، وفي استثمار تداعيات التناقض في بناء رأسمال القوة.

وقد تمتع الراحل العظيم، حتى باعتراف خصومه، بعقل استراتيجي، وبالرغم من التموّجات التي كان بعضها عارماً فقد حقق لسورية استقراراً وثباتاً، ولعب دوره في عملية السلام بحذق سياسي نادر، فنال عن جدارة لقب الرقم الصعب ولذلك فإنّ رحيل حافظ الأسد ترك فراغاً سياسياً في منطقة الشرق الأوسط كأحد اللاعبين الكبار، باعتباره رجل الاستراتيجية الواقعية بشهادة أعدائه قبل أصدقائه.

كان الرئيس الراحل قارئاً جيداً للتاريخ بشكل عام، وللتاريخ العربي والإسلامي بشكل خاص. قراءة الأحداث ووقائع الماضي، بمعنى الاستلهام من وقائعه وأحداثه العظام وخرج بالكثير من العبر والدروس. وكان يدرك دوره ودور بلاده في التاريخ العربي والإسلامي، حيث إنّ سورية صنعت عقوداً طويلة من هذا التاريخ. وكان يدرك أنّ سورية كانت وما زالت بموقعها الاستراتيجي وبتراثها القومي وتاريخها السياسي العربي، من أهم الأقطار العربية في مواجهة المشروع الصهيوني لإقامة «إسرائيل» في قلب الوطن العربي، في فلسطين، ثم لمواجهة تمدّده خارج فلسطين بعد هزيمة حزيران 1967، ومن ثم كانت سورية على الدوام منذ نجاح هذا المشروع – بشقيه – ولا تزال هدفا للتآمر الرئيسي والتخريب السياسي الداخلي والمخططات الصهيونية عموماً. ولذلك فإنّ الصمود الذي أبداه الرئيس الراحل حافظ الأسد حتى اللحظة الأخيرة من حياته في مواجهة المطامع «الإسرائيلية»، وإصراره على المطالبة باستعادة كلّ الأراضي المحتلة في الجولان وباقي الأراضي العربية المحتلة، نابع من موقف قومي يعتمد على التمسك بالحقوق الشرعية الثابتة، وعلى الشرعية الدولية التي نادت بذلك. لقد رحل الأسد وهو مجلّل بالفخار ومعه كل العرب وسورية بالطبع لأنه رفض التوقيع على سلام ناقص، سلام غير عادل، رفض أن يركع للضغوط أو ينحني للرياح. رحل بعد أن قدمت سورية بقيادته كل ما في وسعها لتحرير جنوب لبنان الذي أسعده ولا شك في أيامه الأخيرة ولذا ستبقى ذكراه في الوجدان العربي كمثل سنديانة قوية صلبة لم تقتلعها رياح الصراعات، ولا العواصف الإقليمية والدولية.

إنّ رجلاً في مكانة حافظ الأسد يترك تأثيراً لا يُنسى على التاريخ وعلى السياسة، وعلى من أتاح لهم القدر أن يلتقوا به.. وقد كنتُ من الذين جمعهم القدر مع الراحل الكبير، وتعود معرفتي الشخصية بهذا القائد الفذ إلى نيسان – أبريل عام 1970 حين كان وزيراً لدفاع، وقبيل الحركة التصحيحية في تشرين من العام نفسه، وكنت قادماً من عدن للقائه بوصفي وزيراً للدفاع في اليمن الديمقراطية.

كان هذا أول لقاء لي بحافظ الأسد، وأذكر أنه ترك في نفسي انطباعات رائعة منذ ذلك اللقاء. إذ كان الراحل العظيم يتمتع بصفات نادراً ما يتمتع بها القادة الذين يتحملون أعباء ومسؤوليات كتلك التي تحمّلها حافظ الأسد. ورغم أن حافظ الأسد، بوصفه وزيراً للدفاع وقائداً لسلاح الطيران في مرحلة كانت سورية كلها ما تزال مهمومة بإزالة آثار نكسة حزيران وإعادة بناء قواتها المسلحة، فقد منحني من الوقت وأنصت إليّ باهتمام شديد. كانت تلك ميزة يتمتع بها القائد الراحل، وكان على شيء من الرقة واللطف، مع ذاكرة مذهلة وقدرة على التركيز الذهني قلّ مثيلها.

كان هادئ القسمات، خافت الصوت مع وضوح النبرة، وكان كريماً أيضاً في المساعدات التي طلبتها لبلادي، لم يتردّد رغم الظرف الصعب الذي تمر به سورية والذي كنت أعرفه، بل لبى كلّ ما طلبناه لتعزيز القدرة العسكرية لقواتنا المسلحة التي كانت في طور النشأة والتكوين بعد أن نال اليمن الجنوبي استقلاله الوطني من الاستعمار البريطاني في نوفمبر 1967م. كانت معركته قومية في الأساس وكان هذا المنطلق من ثوابته، لذا لعب الخبراء السوريون الذين رافقوني على الطائرة نفسها التي أعادتني إلى عدن دوراً هاماً في إنشاء الكلية العسكرية في عدن، كأول أكاديمية عسكرية تدرس العلوم الحديثة، كما قدموا عونا لا يُقدّر بثمن في إعادة بناء القوات المسلحة ووضع القوانين والتشريعات المتعلقة بوزارة الدفاع وتنظيم مختلف الأسلحة. كما أرسل عدداً من الطيارين والمدربين على الطائرات الروسية ميغ 17 قبل عودة طيارينا من التدريب في الاتحاد السوفياتي، وأرسل أيضاً بعثة طبية لإدارة المستشفيات العسكرية..

بعد ذلك توالت اتصالاتي بالراحل، وتكرّرت لقاءاتي به، وكنت أحرص على الدوام خلال زياراتي إلى الخارج، خاصة بعد أن أصبحت رئيساً للوزراء ورئيساً لبلادي، فيما بعد، على أن تكون دمشق محطة مهمة فيها، ولقاء الرئيس الأسد في الصدارة دائماً. وكان رحمه الله مغرماً بالتاريخ وقارئاً جيدا له، وبقدر ما كان يتحدث عن موقف سورية ورؤيتها، فإنه كان يبدي حرصا شديدا على التعرف على تطورات الأوضاع في اليمن والخليج العربي وحرصا شديدا على استقرار الأوضاع في هذه المنطقة الحيوية. وكان يعرف الكثير من أوضاعها ويتابعها بدقة، ويرى في وحدة اليمن وعلاقات حسن الجوار والتعاون مع محيطها في الجزيرة والخليج خير دعم لسورية ولدول المواجهة في صراعها القومي مع العدو «الإسرائيلي».

تعدّدت لقاءاتي بالرئيس الراحل بعد ذلك في العديد من المناسبات والمنعطفات الحاسمة، سواء بالنسبة لسورية أو بالنسبة لليمن أو لي شخصياً، وفي كل المواقف، وفي أصعب الظروف فإنّ الرئيس الأسد أبدى على الدوام دعماً وتأييدا لليمن ولقضاياه وعلى رأسها الوحدة اليمنية، وأبدى معي تعاطفا لا حدود له في الأوقات الصعبة والمحن الشديدة، وكان هذا نوعاً من الوفاء النادر للأصدقاء قلما نجد له مثيلاً في هذا الزمن الصعب.

ورغم أنني زرت العديد من عواصم العالم، والتقيت العديد من زعمائه عرباً وأجانب، فإنّ دمشق والرئيس الأسد يظلان في قلبي ووجداني وفكري إلى درجة أنني اخترت دمشق مقراً لإقامتي وأسرتي بعد مغادرتي السلطة واليمن ومقراً للمركز العربي للدراسات الاستراتيجية الذي أسّسته بدعمه ومساندته، وعقدنا المؤتمر التأسيسي له في دمشق تحت رعايته الكريمة في أبريل – نيسان عام 1995م.

لقد ودَعت سورية منذ عشرين عاماً باني نهضتها الحديثة، الرئيس حافظ الأسد، بأكثر ما يمكن لبلد أن يودع به قائده.. بالوفاء والعرفان… فعلت ما هو أبعد، فقررت تكريس نهجه والاستمرار على خطاه، من خلال إجماعها على نجله الدكتور بشار الأسد.

عشرون عاما مرّت على غياب الرئيس حافظ الأسد، لم يعد المشهد كما كان في حياته، جرت أمور كثيرة في سورية واليمن وليبيا ولبنان وفلسطين وفي أماكن أخرى من الوطن العربي والعالم، لكنّ سورية ظلت في قلب الأحداث كما كانت، ولا يزال الصراع يدور عليها وحولها وهي دائماً عصية على الكسر، وهذا قدرها، باعتبارها صانعة السلام والحرب، فلا حرب بدونها ولا سلام أيضاً بدونها. ووسط هذه العواصف يكون غيابه مؤلماً..

*الرئيس اليمني الأسبق.

كيف يُواجَه «قانون قيصر» الإجراميّ ومشتقاته وأمثاله…؟

العميد د. أمين محمد حطيط

تصاعدَ التهويل واشتدّت الحرب النفسية التي تشنّها أميركا على سورية وحلفائها والمتعاملين معها في المجال الاقتصادي والمالي تهويل وضغوط من باب تطبيق “قانون قيصر” الأميركي الكيدي الإجرامي الذي يستهدف خنق الاقتصاد السوري وتجويع الشعب السوري عبر عزل سورية عن العالم اقتصادياً ومنع التعامل معها على أيّ صعيد مالي واستثماري، بقصد دفعها إلى موقع تتخلى فيه عن انتصاراتها في الحرب الكونية التي استهدفتها خلال 10 سنوات ولا تزال، ثم القبول بشروط الاستسلام الأميركي التي طالما رفضتها منذ العام 1973 وحتى اليوم.

بيد أنّ القانون الذي أقرّه الكونغرس الأميركي مستنداً إلى أسباب موجبة لفقها تحت عنوان “محاسبة النظام السوري لانتهاكه حقوق المدنيين السوريين وسلامتهم” يشكل (أيّ القانون) أكبر طعنة لهذه الحقوق في أبسط أشكالها من حيث الغذاء والدواء ومتطلبات العيش الأوّلي الضروري، ولا يغيّر من طبيعته ومفاعيله الإجرامية وتصنيفه كجريمة ضدّ الإنسانية، ادّعاء أميركا انه لن يمسّ بمصالح المدنيين. فأميركا احترفت النفاق والتزوير وتستسهل الكذب والخداع فتقتل الإنسان مدّعية أنها تقدّم له مساعدة للحياة.

فأميركا التي تتشدّق بحقوق الإنسان وتشنّ الحروب زاعمة السعي لحمايتها تحترف وبكلّ وقاحة انتهاك حقوق الإنسان أينما كان. فالسياسة لدى أميركا هي سياسة جمع المال وتراكم الثروات لطبقة من الرأسماليين على حساب الإنسان أينما وجد ولنا في ما يحصل اليوم في مدن أميركا وشوارعها من اضطرابات ومواجهات سببها العنصرية وانتهاك حقوق الإنسان خير مثال على ما نقول، حيث إنّ الحكومة الأميركية تتصرف خلافاً لما تتشدّق به حول حقوق الإنسان إلى الحدّ الذي يجعلنا نعتقد ونؤمن بأنّ مقولة “حماية حقوق الإنسان” هي سلعة أميركية معدّة للتصدير وللاستهلاك الخارجي فقط وليس للتطبيق والاستعمال الداخلي”.

إنّ أميركا وتحت عنوان “حماية حقوق الإنسان السوري”، سنّت قانوناً لتقتل هذا الإنسان ولتشنّ عليه حرباً تؤدي إلى القتل الممنهج عبر قرارات تتخذها هيئاتها الدستورية وتفرضها على العالم في تجاوز واضح لسيادة الدول واستقلالها. ونحن نفهم أنّ تتخذ أميركا تدبيراً تلزم به نفسها ضدّ دولة ما، وهذا حقّ سيادي لها، أما أن تفرض تدبيراً هي قرّرته، وتلزم به دولاً أخرى فهو أمر في منتهى العدوان والانتهاك للسيادة الوطنية لأيّ دولة أجنبية تكرهها أميركا على تطبيق قراراتها العدوانية.

فالجريمة الأميركية من باب “قانون قيصر” ومشتقاته وأمثاله من التدابير الكيدية التي تسمّيها أميركا “عقوبات” خلافاً لمدلول الكلمة الاصطلاحي قانوناً هي جريمة ضدّ الإنسانية يرتكبها من ليس له الصلاحية بالقيام بها. لأنّ العقوبة هي ما تقرّره وتفرضه جهة مخوّلة شرعاً وقانوناً بحقّ طرف وضع تحت سلطتها وكان لها حياله صلاحية العقاب. وأميركا ليست وليّ أمر سورية وليست مخوّلة من أيّ جهة دولية بأن تكون شرطي العالم بل إنها جعلت لنفسها هذه الصلاحية افتئاتاً على القانون والشرعية الدولية وأحكام وقواعد القانون الدولي العالم. وتكون الجريمة الأميركية من باب هذا القانون مركبة من جرائم عدة أوّلها التصدّي لأمر ليس من صلاحيتها، ثانيها عدوان على شعب لم يمارس هو وحكومته أيّ سلوك عدائي ضدّها وثالثها انتهاك لسيادة الدول التي تكرهها أميركا على التقيّد بقانونها. وهنا يطرح السؤال كيف نواجه القرار حتى نعطل مفاعيله ثم هل من طريق لمحاسبة أميركا على جريمتها المتمثلة بهذا القانون وسواه من الجرائم المشابهة؟

نطرح هذا مع علمنا بأنّ أميركا تتصرّف على أساس أنها فوق القانون وأن ليس من سلطة في العالم قادرة على محاسبتها وهي في الوقت الذي تطالب بملاحقة الدول أمام القضاء الدولي لا تقبل بأن تلاحق كدولة أو يلاحق أفرادها لدى هذا القضاء الذي لم توقع على اتفاقيات إنشائه.

أما عن المواجهة فإنها برأينا تكون بمنع تحقيق القرار لأهدافه التي هي في الحدّ الأدنى:

1

ـ إطالة أمد الصراع في سورية ومنعها من تحرير ما تبقى من أرضها في يد الإرهاب أو تحت الاحتلال التركي أو الأميركي وترى انّ الخنق الاقتصادي يعطل العمل العسكري ويمنع الحسم.

2

ـ حمل الشعب السوري على العودة إلى الشارع والانفضاض من حول قيادته تحت وطأة الجوع والمطالبة أو الاستجابة للمطالب الأميركية بإسقاط النظام.

3

ـ منع حلفاء سورية من مساعدتها ومنع تمتين أواصر العلاقات البينية معها وبشكل أدق منعهم من الانتظام في دورة إعادة البناء التي تعمّق الحلف أو الأحلاف الاستراتيجية بين سورية وأصدقائها.

4

ـ عرقلة عودة سورية إلى الانتظام في المنظومة الدولية كدولة قوية مؤثرة متمسكة باستقلالها وسيادتها، رافضة أيّ تبعية أو تنازل عن حقوقها وحقوق الأمة خاصة في فلسطين.

هذه هي الأهداف المباشرة التي ترمي أميركا إلى تحقيقها من خلال تطبيق قانون قيصر وأمثاله مما سبق أو قد يلحق من تدابير كيدية تتخذها بحقها وتباهي بها وبكلّ وقاحة وفجور، مؤكدة أنها تؤلم سورية كما سمعنا جيمس جيفري المبعوث الأميركي إلى سورية والمنطقة الذي باهى وبكلّ صلف “انّ تدابير أميركا تسبّبت بانهيار الليرة السورية”… (ما تسبّب بضائقة اقتصادية مسّت المواطن السوري بلقمة عيشه ودواء دائه).

وعليه فإنّ مواجهة هذا التدابير يجب أن تتركز قبل كلّ شيء على منعها من تحقيق أهدافها عبر سلة من التدابير التي تفهم أميركا بأنّ خطتها الإجرامية لن تنجح، ولن تحقق رغباتها في استسلام سورية. فسورية التي عانت ما عانت وضحّت ما ضحّت خلال حرب الدفاع عن نفسها وحققت الانتصار الاستراتيجي التاريخي في إفشال العدوان عليها من المستحيل ان تضيّع ما قدّمت وضحّت به وتسلّم لأميركا بما تريد بمجرد أنها مارست التضييق الاقتصادي عليها. وانّ في الردّ السوري الأوّلي على القانون هذا برفض الإذعان للشروط والإملاءات الأميركية ما يؤكد أنّ سورية اتخذت قرارها بالمواجهة الدفاعيّة ويبقى وضع استراتيجية الدفاع الاقتصاديّ ومطالبة كلّ مَن يعنيه الأمر في الداخل السوري والخارج بالقيام بدوره في هذا الدفاع. دفاع يكون مركباً من تدابير عسكرية وإعلامية واقتصادية وسواها التي تقدّر سورية وحلفاؤها نجاعتها خاصة في مجال:

أ ـ العمل العسكري: حيث سيكون من المفيد العودة إلى الميدان سريعاً واستغلال الظرف الدولي والأميركي القائم والانشغال التركي الحالي واستئناف معركة تحرير إدلب التي اتخذ قرار تحريرها بشكل لا عودة عنه. وسيكون هذا الأمر محرجاً لأميركا عندما يتمّ إنجاز التحرير لأنها ستجد نفسها وحيدة في احتلال شمال شرقي الفرات وستجد إمكان انطلاق المقاومة لمنع إنضاج الحالة الانفصاليّة أمرأ في متناول يد الشعب والدولة السورية وعندها ستوقن أن لا طائل من قيصر وقانونه لأنّ الدولة السورية تعمل لاجتثاث أسس المشروع الأميركي في سورية.

ب ـ العمل الشعبي والإعلامي والحرب النفسية إذ بعد أن أثبت الشعب مناعته في مواجهة الضغوط الأجنبية وقدرته على التحمّل، فإنّ تحصين هذه المناعة والقدرة سيكون مطلوباً من أجل تمتين علاقة الشعب بقائده وحكومته وإفهام أميركا أنّ الجوع لن يخرج الشعب عن مبادئه. طبعاً ويجب أن يترافق ذلك مع أقصى ما يمكن من تدابير من أجل تخفيف الضغط الاقتصادي على الشعب، وهنا ننوّه بما شهدته السويداء مؤخراً من تظاهرات شعبيّة تؤكد رفض العدوان الأميركي وتتمسّك بالدولة المركزية وقيادتها.

ج ـ أما الدور المعوّل عليه وبشكل أساسي فهو دور الحلفاء خاصة إيران وروسيا والصين، وهم جمعاً أو فرادى، قادرون على تحدّي أميركا في قانونها وقادرون على كسر إرادتها ولنا في عملية ناقلات النفط الإيراني الخمس إلى فنزويلا خير مثال. إن بضعة مليارات من الدولات مع عمل شركات هذه الدول داخل سورية كافية لتعطيل مفاعيل قانون قيصر.

د ـ وأخيراً يكون مفيداً جداً الذهاب إلى السوق المشرقيّة والتكامل الاقتصاديّ بين الدول التي تحيط بسورية، لبنان والعراق، إيران ما يعطل مفاعيل انهيار العملة في هذه الدول ويشجع الإنتاج والتبادل البيني للسلع من دون الخضوع لسلطان الدولار.

إنّ سورية ومعها وحلفاؤها خاصة إيران وروسيا والصين قادرون مجدّداً على إفشال أميركا في جريمتها الجديدة، وقادرون على إفهامها أنّ قانونها يسري عليها هي ولا يتجاوزها للغير وان قرارها ليس قدراً، ومن انتصر على أميركا في الميدان وفي مواجهة الإرهاب وفي الحرب النفسية والسياسية قادر أيضاً على إضافة انتصار جديد في المجال الاقتصادي. فأميركا اليوم تتراجع وتنهشها الاضطرابات والارتباكات وغير مؤهّلة لتحقيق نصر مهما كانت طبيعته.

*أستاذ جامعي – خبير استراتيجي

Syria responds to offer to ease sanctions after US mocks economic crisis

By News Desk -2020-06-09

BEIRUT, LEBANON (6:30 P.M.) – Syria criticized the statements of the American envoy, James Jeffrey, about the current situation in Syria, stressing that it affirms that the United States is looking at the region with “Israeli eyes”, and it also represents a recognition by Washington of its responsibility for the suffering of the Syrian people.

An official source in the Syrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs told state-owned SANA, “The intensification of sanctions is the other side of the declared war on Syria after the aggressive project staggered in the face of successive defeats of its tools from terrorist groups,” according to the Syrian News Agency.”

The source said, “These statements confirm once again that the United States is looking at the region with Israeli eyes, because the demands that Jeffrey talks about are old and renewed Israeli demands to impose their control on the region.”

He continued: “This American policy, which constitutes a flagrant violation of the most basic human rights and international humanitarian law, will fail again in the face of the Syrians insistence to adhere to the sovereignty of their homeland and the independence of their political and economic options.”

The U.S. envoy to Syria, James Jeffrey, said in a video interview with a number of Syrians abroad two days ago that the U.S. sanctions against Damascus “contributed to the collapse of the value of the Syrian pound” and that “the Syrian regime is no longer able to manage an effective economic policy, or launder money from Lebanese banks, due to the economic crisis that is also affecting Lebanon. ”

He added that “the U.S. Congress stood behind (Caesar’s law), and that the sanctions covered by the law to protect Syrian civilians, will automatically affect any economic activity, as well as any dealings with the Iranian regime.”

The U.S. administration recently approved the “Caesar Law” which comes into effect this month.

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S. Nasrallah Says Syria Emerged Victorious in Universal War, Warns ‘Israel’ against Any Folly

Sayyed Nasrallah Mustafa Badreddine martyrdom anniversary
http://program.almanar.com.lb/episode/110834
Click the link or the picture

S. Nasrallah Says Syria Emerged Victorious in Universal War, Warns ‘Israel’ against Any Folly

Marwa Haidar

Hezbollah Secretary General Sayyed Hasan Nasrallah on Wednesday responded to all those who cast doubt about the outcome of the Syrian War by stressing that Damascus has emerged victorious in the universal war which was waged by hegemonic powers against it.

In a televised address on the fourth martyrdom anniversary of senior commander Mustafa Badreddine (Zoulfikar), Sayyed Nasrallah warned Israeli officials and commanders against committing any folly in Syria that could lead to the explosion of the region.

His eminence addressed the Israeli people, saying that Zionist officials are lying on them and creating fake goals and fake victories in Syria.

Meanwhile, the Hezbollah S.G. warned some Lebanese sides against betting on the ‘regime topple’ in Syria, calling for restoring ties between Lebanon and Syria as a key step to solve major problems in Lebanon including the economic ones.

Sayyed Nasrallah dismissed reports on an alleged conflict between Iran and Russia over Syria, noting that such reports are part of psychological warfare following the defeat of the scheme launched by the US and other hegemonic powers.

About the Occasion

Sayyed Nasrallah started his speech by offering condolences over the martyrdom of Imam Ali (a.s.) in Laylat Al-Qadr.

He said that the first Imam for Shiites is the first Muslim figure who stood against the Kharijites, noting that the Takfiri ideology which Hezbollah and its allies have been facing in the last years is an extension to Kharijites’ doctrine.

His eminence also saluted the nurses on their day, praising them for being in the front line of the battle against coronavirus.

Shifting to the occasion of the speech, Sayyed Nasrallah stressed that the leadership in Hezbollah is keen to commemorate the martyrdom anniversaries of its commanders and fighters who scarified themselves for the path of Resistance.

Sayyed Nasrallah then talked about the characteristics of the Martyr Badreddine and narrated his experience with him during the Israel aggression on Lebanon in 1996 and during the Syrian war which was erupted in March 2011.

“Martyr Mustafa Badreddine had high morals and powerful spirit which we really need in order to overcome all kinds of challenges. He was courageous and confident commander who inspired all fighters whom he led.”

“Commander Badreddine was the head of Hezbollah’s central command during April War in 1996. His leadership of the battle led to the victory in that year, ahead of the victory during the liberation of south Lebanon in 2000.”

The War in Syria

Sayyed Nasrallah then elaborated on the Syrian war and Hezbollah’s involvement in it.

In this context, he stressed that the reason behind the war in Syria was neither related to the regime in Damascus nor to the person of President Bashar Al-Assad, but rather it was because Syria was out of the US control.

“Syria which refused to surrender to the US was in the heart of the Middle East’s equations.”

Talking about Hezbollah’s participation in the Syrian War, Sayyed Nasrallah noted that the leadership in Hezbollah knew that such step would have negative repercussions.

“However, the extent of threats posed by such scheme against Syria and Palestine prompted us to go there.”

He said that Martyr Badreddine had fought the Takfiri militants in Syria alongside commander of Iran’s Quds Force General Qassem Suleimani, who was martyred earlier this year in a US drone strike on Baghdad airport.

“Martyr Badreddine was leading the battles in Syria shoulder to shoulder alongside Martyr General Qassem Suleimani. Martyr Badreddine was certain of victory despite the Syrian military losses at the first stage of the war.”

Meanwhile, Sayyed Nasrallah responded to all those who cast doubt on the outcome of the Syrian War by saying: “Syria emerged victorious at the end of a universal war. It has survived a scheme which aimed at dividing it. Of course there still are some regions like Idlib that are not liberated but in all Syria has triumphed.”

His eminence noted that Syria has been subjected to different forms of pressure by hegemonic powers in order to secure by political means achievements that could not be reached by military means.

“Hegemonic powers continue to exert political pressure, psychological war and impose sanctions on Syria following the military victory.”

No Conflict between Iran, Russia

Sayyed Nasrallah on the other hand, put reports on alleged conflict between Iran and Russia over Syria in the context of continuous Psychological war against Syria.

“Iran is not engaged in an influence war with any side, neither with Russia, nor with any other country. Its goal is to prevent Syria’s fall in hands of US and Zionist entity.”

His eminence underlined that Iran doesn’t interfere in the internal affairs of Syria, noting that Tehran is keen to preserve Syria’s independence, integrity and sovereignty.

Meanwhile, he noted that it is normal that Iran and Russia have different assessments to the situation in Syria.

‘Idiot’ Israeli DM Making Fake Victories

Talking about the latest remarks by Israeli officials on Syria, Sayyed Nasrallah stressed that the Zionist entity is alarmed about Syria because Israeli officials believe that Syria poses a threat to the Zionist entity.

“Israeli defense minister is lying on his people and the world. He is talking about fake victories in Syria.”

“The Israelis lose the war in Syria, and they have been targeting all what is related to missiles manufacturing in Syria, because they believe that missile pose high risk to Israel.”

“The Israelis believe that Syria poses risk to them and they are concerned over the presence of Iran and Resistance movements there,” his eminence added.

Sayyed Nasrallah described Israeli defense minister as ‘idiot’ over remarks he made about alleged Iranian withdrawal from Syria by the end of 2020.

“‘Israel’ set fake goal for Syria since there have been no Iranian troops in Syria but rather there have been military advisers who train forces and coordinate Tehran’s support to Damascus.”

His eminence stressed, meanwhile, that the decision to reduce number of Hezbollah fighters was coordinated with the Syrian Army and was following the military achievement, not military losses as alleged by the Zionist officials.

Lebanon-Syria Ties

The Hezbollah S.G. stressed the importance of restoring ties between Lebanon and Syria, calling on some sides in Lebanon to stop betting on toppling the Syrian regime or making some changes in this regard.

“The financial and economic situation is the number one concern for the Lebanese people, and restoring ties with Syria is the only way to solve major problems including the economic ones.”

“Smuggling between Lebanon and Syria is one of the major problems that can’t be solved without coordination with the Syrian state.”

Commenting on some calls for deploying UN forces along the Lebanese-Syrian border, Sayyed Nasrallah denounced such calls, stressing that this is one of the major goals of July War in 2006, “and we totally refuse such move.”

At the end of his speech, Sayyed Nasrallah urged the people in Lebanon to strictly abide by measures aimed at battling coronavirus.

Source: Al-Manar English Website

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Zasypkin: Syria’s sovereignty and territorial integrity are above all considerations

Source

Wednesday, 29 April 2020 10:16

BEIRUT, (ST)- Russian Ambassador to Lebanon Alexander Zasypkin has stressed that for Russia, Syria’s sovereignty and territorial integrity are above all considerations, noting the strong and strategic relations between the two countries.

In an interview with “al-Mayadeen TV” last night, Zasypkin said that Russia will continue adopting a principled stance and policy towards Syria, affirming that there is no deal with any party regarding Syria.

He reiterated that Syria’s future is decided only by the Syrians without any foreign interference and that the Syrian government is sparing no effort to solve the crisis in the country.

 Zasypkin made it clear that the recent media forgery that targeted Russia’s stance on developments in Syria was done after hacking the website of the Russian Federal Agency and through showing the personal position of a former Russian diplomat as if it were the official position of Russia. He indicated that it is not the first time that such forgery takes place.

On Tuesday, the Russian embassy in Beirut affirmed that all the fake news recently circulated by some media outlets and social media networks about Russia’s position towards what is happening in Syria are part of a misleading malicious scheme that is doomed to failure.

Hamda Mustafa

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روسيا وسورية: اثر التسريبات الإعلامية وحقيقة العلاقة

العميد د. أمين محمد حطيط

من غير سابق إنذار فتح بعض الإعلام الروسي النار على سورية ورئيسها، بشكل قاد بعض المتسرّعين من المحللين إلى القول بأنّ روسيا قلبت ظهر المجن لسورية وعقدت صفقة مع أميركا وتركيا تخلّت بموجبها عن الرئيس الأسد، وانّ هناك انقلاباً ينذر بتغيير روسي جذري قريب في سورية، فهل هذا صحيح وما إمكان تحققه؟

قبل النقاش في الأمر لا بدّ من العودة إلى بدء العدوان المركب على سورية في العام 2011، حيث التزمت روسيا موقف الحذر الذي ترجمته معارضة سياسية للعدوان مع امتناع عن التدخل الميداني والاكتفاء بمراقبة السلوك الإرهابي الذي تقوده أميركا لإسقاط سورية وتغيير قيادتها وإلحاقها بمنطقة النفوذ الأميركي في المنطقة. ورغم أنّ المشروع الأميركي كان من شأنه في حال نجاحه تهديد المصالح الروسية في المنطقة، فإنّ روسيا حاذرت المواجهة مع أميركا واختارت العمل الدبلوماسي المقيّد الذي لا يمنع أميركا من استمرار العدوان، لكنه لا يترك أميركا طليقة اليد في المجال السياسي الدولي لفعل ما تشاء على الساحة السورية ولهذا جمعت روسيا في سلوكها بين الفيتو الذي مارسته في مجلس الأمن ضدّ مشاريع القرارات التي تمسّ بمصالح سورية، وبين الإحجام عن التدخل العسكري نصرة للحكومة السورية. سلوك اعتمدته بخلفية الشكّ بقدرة النظام السوري على الصمود ورغبة في إشعار أميركا أنها ليست وحدها في المنطقة.

بيد أنّ سورية وبقدراتها الذاتية ومدعومة من محور المقاومة سفّهت أحلام قوى العدوان عليها وصمدت إلى حدّ اقتنعت روسيا فيه بأنّ دعمها لها إنْ حصل لا يمكن ان يذهب هدراً، وإنْ تركها وحدها في مواجهة العدوان فلن يكون في مصلحة روسيا خاصة إذا انتشر الإرهاب خارج سورية، متذكرة المقولة التاريخية أنّ «الدفاع عن موسكو يبدأ على أسوار دمشق»، لكلّ هذا استجابت روسيا في العام 2015 للطلب السوري وللتشجيع الإيراني وحرّكت جيشها بقوته النارية من طيران ومنظومات صاروخية وجو فضائية لتقديم الإسناد الناري للجيش العربي السوري الذي يكافح الإرهاب على أرضه.

ومع الدخول العسكري الروسي إلى سورية، اختلط الأمر على الكثير وقلة عرفوا حقيقة العلاقة أما الآخرون فمنهم من ظنّ انّ التدخل الروسي هو وضع يد على سورية ومنهم من رأى انّ روسيا دخلت مع سورية في حلف عسكري استراتيجي عضوي يجعلها عدواً لمن تعاديه، وصديقاً لمن تصادقه، وغاب عنهم انّ لروسيا سياستها التي تتقاطع مع سورية في أمور وتعاكسها في أمور أخرى، وأنّ وجودها العسكري في سورية له مهمة محدّدة تتصل بالحرب على الإرهاب ومنعه من إسقاط النظام. فمهمتها محدّدة لا تتعداها إلى مواجهة «إسرائيل» او محاربة تركيا او الخصومة مع دول الخليج، وحتما ليست لقتال أوروبا أو أميركا إذ بقي هؤلاء في القاموس الروسي خارج دائرة العداء رغم انّ أميركا تصنّف روسيا عدواً.

لقد تعرّضت روسيا لأكثر من اختبار في سورية، وتصرفت في التعامل مع هذه الاختبارات بذهنية الطامح لإشغال مقعد في الصف الأمامي الأول دولياً، والعامل لاجتثاث الإرهاب من كامل الأرض السورية، ولم تحاول فرض انتداب على سورية التي لا يمكن أن تتقبّل أصلاً هذا الأمر من أيّ جهة أتى، ولكنها كانت وما زالت تحاول إسداء النصح للحكومة السورية والتعامل مع الأطراف التي لا صلة قائمة بينها وبين سورية بالشكل الذي تراه هي أنه يخدم أهدافها. فعقدت تفاهمات مع أميركا تمنع الصدام معها، ووضعت قواعد للتعامل مع التدخل الإسرائيلي في سورية، وجذبت تركيا إلى استانة للانضمام اليها مع إيران لتشكيل ثلاثية رعاية حلّ في سورية واستقبلت أكثر من طرف سوري وإقليمي ودولي للبحث بحلول للمسألة السورية. وهنا شاب الغموض في تحديد موقع روسية وصلتها بكلّ تلك الأطراف غموض زادت خطورته مع حملة بعض الإعلام الروسي ضدّ الرئيس الأسد إلى الحدّ الذي ذهب البعض بعيداً في التأويل والقول إنّ روسيا بدأت مسار البحث عن بديل له قبل الانتخابات المقبلة في العام 2021 فما هي الحقيقة؟

بداية نقول بأنّ سورية ليست مستعمرة روسية وليست تحت الوصاية الروسية، ولو كانت سورية بصدد قبول وصاية او استعمار او انتداب خارجي لما قاتلت دفاعاً عن استقلالها 9 سنوات حتى الآن. وبالتالي وفي معرض تحديد طبيعة علاقة روسيا بسورية يجب الانطلاق من مسلّمة استقلال سورية وسيادتها، وعلى سبيل المثال نقول إنّ روسيا وقعت على بيان جنيف في 30 حزيران 2012 الذي يتضمّن النص على مرحلة انتقالية تفضي إلى خروج الرئيس الأسد، ولكن سورية عملت كما ترى مصلحتها السيادية وأجرت انتخابات رئاسية في العام 2014 جدّدت للرئيس في موقعه وسقط البيان في غياهب النسيان.

إنّ روسيا تعلم ذلك، وتذكر انّ كثيراً من الاتفاقات التي عقدت بينها وبين أطراف تناهض سورية بقيت في الأدراج لأنّ سورية تحتفظ لنفسها بحق قبول أو رفض أيّ شيء وفقاً لمصالحها الوطنية. فروسيا تلتقي مع الآخرين على نقاط لا تقبل بها سورية وتعمل في كلّ السبل بعكسها، ومنها على سبيل المثال ما يُقال عن وجود تفاهم تركي أميركي روسي على منع الحسم العسكري في الميدان السوري أو تأخيره إلى ما بعد الاتفاق السياسي على شكل الدولة ونظامها كما والعمل على خروج إيران والقوى العسكرية التي تدور في فلكها من سورية، وأخيراً إحداث تغييرات بنيوية جذريّة في النظام السوري يهجر نظام القوة القومية والوطنية المركزي ويقيم نظام التعددية الذي يشبه أنظمة الضعف في لبنان والعراق.

بيد أنه مهما كان من أمر التفاهم او الخلاف، فإنّ روسيا تعلم جيداً رفض سورية لكلّ ما تقدّم من تفاهمات تخالف إرادتها، وأنها، أيّ سورية، أعلمت كلّ من يعنيه الأمر أنها تفضل الحرب على الإرهاب على الحلّ السياسي، وترفض إشراك من يستمرّ مقاتلاً في الميدان في المفاوضات السياسية أو تحديد مستقبل النظام، كما ترفض أيّ نوع من الوصاية او التدخل في صياغة الدستور السوري او تحديد شكل النظام، وترفض أيّ مسّ بحدود سورية او التنازل عن أيّ شبر منها بما في ذلك الجولان. وأخيراً تؤكد سورية على حقها في إنشاء شبكة العلاقات الدولية التي تناسبها ممارسة لسيادتها واستقلالها ما يعني رفض الإملاءات حول الدور الإيراني فيها.

فسورية، كما روسيا، يعلم كلّ منهما مناطق الاتفاق والخلاف والتباين. ويدرك الطرفان حاجة الواحد للآخر من دون ان تكون الحاجة السورية مدخلاً للتنازل عن السيادة والاستقلال. وسورية تعرف حدود الدعم الروسي لها وعمق العلاقة الروسية ـ «الإسرائيلية»، ورفض روسيا لأيّ مواجهة مع أي من أطراف الحلف الأطلسي و»إسرائيل» على الأرض السورية مهما كان حجم العدوان من قبلهم. ومع هذا تراهن على استمرار الدعم الروسي في المجال العسكري لمحاربة الإرهاب في حدود ما ذكر وتثق بالعلاقة الاستراتيجيّة مع روسيا، لكنها لا تصل إلى حدّ التسليم لروسيا بالقرار في سورية او توكيل روسيا بالتفاوض نيابة عن سورية. وهي تقدّر وقوف روسيا إلى جانبها في الميدان وفي مجلس الأمن وفي مواجهة خصومها خاصة في مسائل وحدة سورية وسيادتها على أرضها وثرواتها.

في الخلاصة نقول إنّ العلاقات الروسية السورية ليست من الطبيعة التي تفترض التطابق في كلّ شيء، وليست من الطبيعة التي تجعل طرفاً يسيطر على آخر ويملك قراره ويصادر سيادته، بل إنّ هناك مناطق اتفاق وأخرى فيها خلاف، وبما انّ الإعلام يصطاد في مناطق الخلاف فلا يكون من المفاجئ أن نسمع ونقرأ مواقف في غير مصلحة هذا المقام أو ذاك، لكن العبرة تبقى لما يصدر عمّن بيده القرار وصلاحية رسم السياسة. وفي هذا المجال نقول إنّ العلاقة الروسية السورية في موقع يناسب الطرفين قوة ووضوحاً وطمأنينة، ولن يكون هناك أيّ أثر للقنبلة الصوتية التي أطلقها بعض الإعلام المدفوع الأجر. فسورية قوية بذاتها ومحور مقاومتها ولن يُملى على شعبها شيء لا يريده. حقيقة يعلمها الجميع كما يعلمون انّ مقام الرئيس الأسد واستمراره في موقعه هو موطن من مواطن قوة سورية رمز انتصارها ولا يجرؤ أحد على العبث به.

*أستاذ جامعي – خبير استراتيجي.

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Syria and Iran Suspicious of Turkish Commitment to Moscow Understandings

April 22, 2020 Arabi Souri

President Bashar Assad Receives Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif in Damascus
President Bashar Assad Receives Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif in Damascus

President Bashar Al Assad received in Damascus the Iranian Minister of Foreign Affairs Muhammad Javad Zarif, that would be a normal and regular bilateral friendly meeting, but at a time of a global lock-down especially on air flights due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic preventive measures, there must be something of top urgency.

Visiting minister Zarif met with his Syrian counterpart Minister Walid Muallem at the Syrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs first then they both moved to the Syrian Presidency where President Assad received Minister Zarif. Minister Zarif has an important message to deliver in person to President Assad from the Iranian leadership, and this message cannot be conveyed by a video or phone conference.

Following this meeting in Damascus, the Kremlin stated that Russian President Vladimir Putin discussed with the Turkish Erdogan by a phone call the recent developments in Syria, preparations for the coming virtual summit, and added that the ‘Presidents renewed their confirmation of the unconditional compliance with the principles of Syrian sovereignty.’

At least, that’s what most political and military observers and analysts are arriving at. The real Axis of Evil led by the USA and its NATO and regional cronies have not stopped their daily war crimes business even during the times when their own countries are ‘allegedly’ facing the pandemic, Saudis continue to bomb Yemen although they claimed they are abiding by a truce due to the pandemic, Israel bombing everywhere even though they failed to establish a government despite three consecutive ‘elections’ and the increasing number of deaths attributed to coronavirus there, Trump forces continue shipping more illegals, weapons, gears, and trying to expand their presence northeast of Syria, and also in the southeast of the country, and the worse of them all the Turkish madman Erdogan continue following his destructive ultra evil dream of dominance on whatever extra inch and whoever extra servant he can get his filthy hands over.

Russian President Putin threw yet one more rope to rescue the Turkish pariah Erdogan early last month March when he accepted to receive him in Moscow and Erdogan, the hypocrite double-faced anti-Islamic Muslim Brotherhood he is, pretended to accept terms to solve the issues with his terrorists presence in the Syrian northwestern province Idlib, something if the Russians believed he would they would erase all the image the world painted about their intelligence and principled foreign policy.

Lebanese Al Mayadeen news channel has a couple of reports in line of the above-mentioned addressing these latest developments, the full transcript of the English translation of the video reports below:

Full transcript of the English translation of the above reports:

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad said that Turkey’s actions on the ground expose the truth of its intentions by not adhering to the agreements concluded, whether in Astana or Sochi. During his meeting with Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, the political parties discussed, including the Constitutional Committee, the Astana process, and developments in the Syrian north.

As for Zarif, he condemned the current Western attempts to reinvest the issue of chemical weapons in Syria, describing this behavior as shameful.

Zarif’s talks in Damascus come a year after his last visit in the midst of the global air embargo, and he asks many questions and explanations regarding the timing of the visit.

There were no statements by Minister Zarif in the corridors of the Syrian Foreign Ministry after his meeting with his Syrian counterpart Walid al-Muallem in front of the cameras that had waited for an hour. It seems Zarif considered sufficient the Iranian Foreign Ministry statement issued before his arrival to discuss bilateral relations, regional and political developments in the anti-terrorism file.

The Syrian Presidency statement, on its part, condemned the political investment exercised by Washington in facing the Corona epidemic and stressed that the meeting dealt with developments in the political track, the Astana process and the developments in Idlib.

However, the implementation of the Moscow protocol is stalled a month after it started without running a single patrol until the moment or removing the militants six kilometers on both sides of the Aleppo-Latakia road, or removing the militants six kilometers on both sides of the Aleppo-Latakia road, it seems that it warranted an Iranian-Syrian consultations to discuss the situation in the province. Iranian positions indicated that the Moscow agreement, in which the Russians rushed the cease-fire in light of the clear field victory for the Syrian army and allies and the approach to wresting control of international roads and reaching the Turkish borders, remains a question in Tehran and Damascus about the extent of the commitment of Ankara, which Damascus still sees as an occupier that is strengthening its occupation by building military bases under the pretext of observation points, as it pledged, and not to be just a new maneuver by the armed groups to mobilize themselves for a new confrontation that does not seem far from now.

Zarif in Damascus is in a declared and speedy visit despite the air embargo measures in all countries of the world. This means that the visit is inseparable in the context of the Syrian-Iranian mistrust about the situation in Idlib, and that there is no compromise on the role of the allies and no sharing of any political or field solution without them.

The above was by Dima Nassif, for Al-Mayadeen from Damascus.

In parallel, the top aide to the Iranian foreign minister for special political affairs, Ali Asghar Haji, said that a meeting would be held via the Internet this week between the foreign ministers of the countries guaranteeing the Astana Accord to discuss the ‘Syrian file.’

Haji confirmed in a statement to Sputnik that he had taken into consideration the holding of an online meeting due to the spread of Coronavirus and the result of important and rapid events in the Syrian file.

Zarif’s visit in the time of Coronavirus indicates the preparation of a new leap in the time of the upcoming Sochi understandings, but the green light for the expected Tehran summit may indicate that Turkey is taking seriously the evacuation of international highways from terrorist groups.

An Insight by Al Mayadeen’s Qasim Izz al-Din:

Minister Zarif indicated that Iran is not abandoning the axis of the resistance after the assassination of General Soleimani, which may suggest affirming the support of the Syrian army in Idlib and the political support for Syria in rapprochement with Turkey at the request of Ankara.

The Tehran postponed summit previously overthrown by Turkey by counting on Western countries that supported what it called the right of Turkey in Idlib, so Ankara invited it to a summit that did not know success in Istanbul. But the Syrian army’s insistence on opening international roads and liberating Saraqib upset the equations, and pushed Erdogan to pledge again at the recent Moscow summit to separate terrorist groups from ‘moderate Turkish factions’.

Syria’s willingness to restore international roads with Russian-Iranian support has narrowed the margin of Turkish maneuvering on betting on time in the hope of avoiding the collision with Jabhat al-Nusra, but what can be postponed for a month cannot be postponed forever.

Between the options of implementing the Sochi and Moscow understandings or opening the roads by force, Turkey appears to have no choice but to dissolve the al-Nusra Front or integrate it into the Spring Shield groups away from international roads or engage them with groups against dissidents such as the Hurras Uddin.

The agreement on the upcoming Tehran summit indicates Turkey’s progress in implementing the Moscow understandings, as well as a new leap in the Tehran summit towards a political solution and reconstruction in Syria.

In the event of Ankara’s delay, the Syrian army will complete the path by restoring roads and lands.

End of the English transcript of the report’s translation.

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WHY DO YOU SUPPORT SYRIA?

Posted in Syria on April 2, 2020 by Eva Bartlett

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I get asked that a lot by Syrians who are genuinely curious or surprised by support of Syria by a non-Syrian.

And it’s sometimes hard to give a good reply, or at least a concise one, because the reasons are manifold.

Yesterday, I posed the question to followers on Facebook. The replies were fantastic:

Kamel El-Cheikh well I can tell you my personal experience with Syria. I was born in Lebanon of Shia Muslim decent, immigrated to Canada at 7 years old, became a proud Canadian Lebanese. The reason why we immigrated is that Lebanon was attacked by Israel and was already in a civil war because of Israel. We went to Syria to seek refuge many times and my experiences there were very pleasant.

Now, the tables have turned as Israel wants a puppet government in Syria so the Syrians fled to Lebanon for the same reasons. Both the Syrians and Lebanese helped each other in these imperialistic cases of the zionist agenda. So what you say from someone who hasn’t visited in over 30 years is not only your well learned opinion but is a fact for all the middle east. Your words as the proxy went on from 2011 until now echo the experience of my mom and dad telling me to look the other way at 5 years old because a few of our neighbours were killed by war planes as we either flee to Beirut or Syria and eventually Canada. This is why I have become a humanitarian supporting the oppressed or speaking for the voiceless or making good friends who are real journalist like you Eva.

Hendrick Smit Because the country is populated by kind people who do not deserve the atrocities of a proxy war?

Chris Edwards Could start from just being against Israel/US wars and then you get attached to the country and its people.
Cause they are brave and baring the brunt of the enemy and its proxies.

Valentina Capurri Because Western countries had no right to invade it and destroy it as they did. As someone living in one of these countries, it is my responsibility to make clear I do not support the crimes committed by my own government.

Eros Zagaglia I’d support any country enduring what Syria is enduring, terrorism, US empire plans. Plus, I discovered very friendly people and a great tradition. A gem in the Arab world

Donal Taaffe Because it has been unfairly and illegally attacked by international criminals like the US, UK, Israel etc. who then lied about a non existent civil war

Patrick Corbett For all the good reasons above (or below). And because Syria for me is a beacon on a dark night showing the way to the victory of a people’s fight for sovereignity, peace and solidarity in the face of brutal imperialism. They fight for us as well; we need to acknowledge their sacrifice for all.

Esteban El Suizo Because beautiful Syria with its intelligent and kind-hearted people is a main cradle of human civilization, some of the most valuable monuments in the world, including six Unesco World Heritage Sites, are located in Syria. True culture and civilization is found all over in Syria, not in junk countries without past & future like Saudi-Arabia. I LOVE this.
Because Syria is an undefeated stronghold against Zionist & colonial NWO-arrogancy. I LOVE this, too.

Cecilia Nunez Because as MLK rightly said: “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly.”


Branka Furi Trogrlic Syrian people have the right for self determination. Any foreign country which object that, forcing them to change, can not call themselves democratic countries. Those are imperialists.

Chris Vlaar I support it like I support Libya and Iraq, countries that have been obliterated, raped and murdered because of money (resources) and power. And not many seem to care.

Kari Angelique Jaquesson Westphalian sovereignty

It is a matter of principle for me.
Syria is a sovereign country with inviolable borders, and every Syrian has the unquestionable right to self-determination over their country and leadership without foreign intervention or meddling.

Then, also, I have fallen very fond of Syria and Syrians and I regard president Assad as a very competent and loyal leader, however affection, admiration or like/approval/ or not of leadership is not relevant when it comes to principle.

Either one believes in sovereignty or not, simple as that. I do.
Rima Najm Because I’m a human being with a functioning brain.

Rima Bidan Its the best country in the world enjoying a sublime cuture and a decent past
Its origin is respected, its climate is amazing…moderate and of four seasons… which means healthy food and nice weather, the land is generous, the people are good “if left alone” in the past religion was not a problem ,now if you are not aware and highly educated and open minded you would fall in the conflict… I believe and love the mentality of the leader and his wife but I hate the corruption and favouratism all aroundSo sad I left it in 2017 but promise to be back and enjoy my life thereAll can be fixed and done better in the coming years due to people like you Eva… inside and out

Bjarni Thomas I support Syria because it is the right thing to do.
Because if my country was being attacked from all sides, I would want the international community to support my country too.

O’Leathlobhair Keith I will never stand by silently and watch the bully of the playground terrorize an innocent kid.

Jean Sievers I support Syria because they are a sovereign country in their own right. All countries supposedly under International Law have the right to be autonomous. This isn’t how it works, in reality, the US Empire has a long history of invading countries that say no to their Imperial demands.

Ketil Øynes I hate imperialism and especially the role the US has taken upon themselves as the world police, when anyone with 2 braincells can see, that they are warmongers with no care for peoples life or international law.

Suzanne Sanders Because Syria isn’t trying to invade and colonize where I live. I don’t respect bullies! yes, I don’t respect my govt!

Michael Darr Because it’s where my grandparents were born and my ancestors are buried and it is me and I am it.
Carrie Lavender Because you, Eva, taught me the truth about Syria ever since I found you & Vanessa Beeley in 2016 h/t Caity Johnstone. Ever since then, I became fascinated with Syria and fell in love with it b/c of the kind-heartedness, steadfastness and unbending will of its ppl to defeat evil and stand in truth against all odds—against the Satanic empire of the military industrial complex with its lies, arming of terrorists & draconian sanctions.

George Makhlouf Makhlouf As first hand eye witness who went to Syria with a group of fact finders, I found that the propaganda machine in the US and the whole West beside the collaborator reactionary regimes in the gulf and the blood suckers ottomans all are behind the global conspiracy against Syria. Syria is the victim number one of dirty Zionists.

Judith Tanner Because some of the people I most highly regard in the world live there showing the rest of us what resilience and courage and kindness and inclusion looks like, even in the midst of war.

Zach Fresa Because I am a human being

Tiger Osullivan Eva I have followed your work in here since you have started it, me and lots of fellow Syrians see in you a very dedicated journalist with a big portion of dignity, integrity, honesty, morality wrapped with warm emotions and compassion…. you knew since the beginning what was going on in our beloved Syria, and you stood by us even when 99% of the world media was spreading fake news to deteriorate the image of our country and it’s regime….

I can talk for hours about how we appreciate your efforts standing by the oppressed side, but I will summon all that with one phrase: “Syria loves you EVA.” 

ماهر أبوعسله الأسد You are Syrian my dear Eva more than a lot of Syrians

Babsi Schie I supported Syria as I started to see the play in place here in my home, Egypt.I realized they were victims of endless propaganda and that the reality presented in media doesn’t reflect the reality in the ground. Having gone through “Arab Spring” and the following counter revolution to dispose of the MB ruling in 2013, which I fully supported after Morsi called for a no-fly zone over Syria in April 2013, totally was w Syria and followed closely (daily) since 2012. Eid Wahda!

Ingunn No Gun Walsøe Because e I want the people to be able to chose how they want to live. I do not support the western founded religious extremists who want to implement sharia laws in Syria

Caro Ball Support for the Palestinians, and standing up against the Zio and Western Imperialist agendas, not to mention the unity of the Syrian people and love and respect for their President and army, just a few of the reasons why I love Syria.

Ramon Carrera Because no sovereign nation should be used as fodder for other more powerful nations to extract their sovereign wealth. Also to used to extend its geo political policies.

Richard Langlois Because I consider all the evidence with an open mind and its clear to me that the Western narrative is a lie.
I have no reason to distrust the Syrians but every reason to distrust the West.

Bridget Thomas Whitehead Because I have never believed the media and political lies by Western governments.

Kirill Kalinin Because unlike other countries its legitimate government has a chance to restore constitutional order and become a success story against colour revolutions

Birgit Lenderink I support any sovereign nation to choose its’ own leadership. Syria is a sovereign nation. The people of Syria have chosen their leadership. Period.

Bambang Ardayanto Because of this: ” We are born to love , love is our mother ” ~ ( Rumi said). But the Deep State and Devil Alliances of warmonger and the greedy of arm industry and bloody oil want to occupy Syria and destroy it like they do in Iraq & Libya also Yemen through other hands . Then if success , they will do the same with Iran.

Todd Deatherage Because they are good and kind people, accepting of others, fantastic musicians and artists, who are under a good administration that doesn’t discriminate against anyone or any group, as long as they respect others.

Genaro Efrain Martinez Oropeza Because of the love of her people , their self determination and their strength for not kneeling to Evil Empire’s interest , I’m Venezuelan I feel first hand what they are fighting for, Natura Guide and Protect Syria

Riahi Youssef We support Syria because both the government and the people are fighting a just cause

David Webster Syrians have just as much right to life, liberty and the pursuit of tail as anybody else.

Arthur Illner To defend Syria’s national independence is to defend the national independence of all countries

Michael Keefer Because I value justice and the search for truth, and I know that Syria has been the victim of a filthy proxy war–engineered by Western powers and their Middle Eastern satrapies, and carried out by those powers and the merciless fanatics who have been their tools.

It has been a war as well of smears, slander, deliberate inversions of actuality, and vicious lies–and the corporatist media and Western opposition parties, as well as many supposedly oppositional intellectuals, have been fully complicit in disseminating that propaganda.

I honour the courage of the Syrian people in resisting multiple attacks upon their country, and I honour the integrity of those journalists, academics, activists and whistleblowers who have laboured to expose falsehoods and tell the truth.

Riaz Malik Because the alternate is disastrous.

Earl Cheffield I support the truth because there is no democracy without truth and the war on Syria like the war on Libya and the war on Iraq and the war on Aghanistan before it, is a war based on lies, therefor it is a war on truth itself and a war on democracy.

Colin Brace Because Syria is a key link in the Axis of Resistance. 

Miguel Reis Cause i love the history of Civilization, i believe in secularism, in int.law, in solidarity and above all Righteousness.

Ahmad Hayek Syria is your second home you just have to visit to see that

Emmanuel R. Sabater Supporting Syria is supporting the truth.

Ostarra Langridge Because Syria was wickedly and insidiously attacked by the very evil and insidious Empire

Guy Crittenden Syria today is what Spain was in the 1930s — a rallying point for progressives opposed to the spread of fascism. So far, Syria has held the line, which is impressive since it the leading industrialized nations have tried to destroy it for eight years. Understanding what was attempted on Syria reveals the true nature of the American empire and its vassal states.

Don Harder I support Syria for the exact opposite reason I don’t support the country of my birth. Syria is a non aggressor state. It and its people are victims just like Iraq, Libya, Afghanistan, Serbia and sadly, many dozens of others. They deserve their right to exist peacefully as all humans do.

Stella Emm Because it is the first time my eyes were open to the blatant corruption and lies of war, ‘organisations’ and government corruption.
Because I’ve never seen more dignified people dealing with criminality that ‘my government’ imposed on them.

Because I never knew how everyday people can close their eyes to their own crimes against Syria.
Because they taught me what ‘proxy war’ looks like.
Because I never knew the true meaning of ‘hero’ and ‘martyr’ until I met Syria.
Because Syria inspires me to be a better ‘me’.
Because Syrians inspire strength as well as faith.
Because Syria showed me its far better to stand and speak than sit and cover my ears.
Because Syria is a rare jewel of the world and worth fighting for.
Because I respect their President, their people and their sovereignty
Because Syria fights for me, so I will fight for Syria  

Sam Novid Before the war, I visited Syria. People were extremely kind and helpful to me. As soon as they found I was “ajnabi” (meaning foreginer), they paid for my taxi fare or gave me extra help (I.e. going out of their way to make sure i found my destenation, even holding my arms which is a sign of friendship, etc.)…I was so impressed that I made a promise to myself to help Syrians if I see them in Iran. For years I was looking out to help a Syrian until the war broke out, and after learning what’s really going on (thanks to Eva’s eye opening talk at UN), I became an advocate for Syria thinking that’s the way I can finally repay their hospitability and kindness.
__________
Funny story regarding the word “ajnabi”:
We also use the Arabic word “ajnabi” in Iran too, but unlike the original Arabic meaning, this word has a very negative connotation and a very specific usage in Persian. It is exlcusvily used in political context of Western imperialism (mostly British or American governments or their agents, like CIA or MI6.)
The first time a security guard (casually) asked me if I was an “ajnabi”, I almost screamed saying “NO, NO, NO, I am Iranian, I am not an ajnabi”, thinking he might arrest me as a spy or something, which is doubly funny since back then I was barely an adult, and looked much younger (I think Iooked 15)….The guard must have thought I was crazy. lol….when I was called ajnabi again, I realized it just means foreigner, and not an imperialist agent .

Peggy Howells Initially Syria was just a name to me. I knew very little about the country, although, I knew enough about our wars to be skeptical of mainstream reports. A link to the preview of Tim Anderson’s ‘Dirty War on Syria’ was shared on a WikiLeaks thread. From there I because interested to learn more of the country and its people, and began to make Syrian friends. The more I learned, the more I came to love the country and its brave and clever people. And its champions in the West, such as yourself Eva. I will visit one day and I expect it will be like going home. In fact, my own country is becoming less and less recognizable. Syria to me represents hope. Its struggle is a struggle of light against darkness. I look forward to day when every inch has been liberated. We need our victories. There have been too many countries destroyed.

Pye Ian Aside from core sovereignty issues, it’s a bulwark of defense against “Syrian War Lies and the Greater Israel Project”

Linda S. Heard Syria has been unfairly treated by the West ever since Assad blasted Blair over the Iraq War. Since reporting on Syria has been not only angled but peppered with outright lies. Assad did not open the door to foreign terrorists, the US despatched most of them and the U.K. ramped up the anti-government propaganda with its funding of the White Helmets and Syrian Observatory. The idea that Syria would deploy chemical weapons on the very day UN inspectors came to Damascus was absolutely bonkers. This entire tragic episode was triggered by the usual Arab Spring crowd but was hijacked by big powers out for regime change on behalf of Israel. Thanks to Putin they have failed but still will not give up trying.

Malu Ribeiro After the history of NATO and US interference, yes, with Israel in the background, maybe as the boss (this part I admit, of IS in LA, I’ve only been learning in recent years), people have to be wilfully blind not to see how the Empire works! over 59 interventions in LA, I don’t even know how many in the ME, always fomenting fake Cold War and destabilisation of Europe, … we’ve to see who’s the problem!!
Plus,  … hhhh … I lived my childhood in BR and Syrians brought delicious food to Sao Paulo and are very productive members of the community … I’ve never met a dumb or lazy syrian, as stereotypes go … if anyone thinks a little, we’re all a little syrian .. 

Brian Gray As an anti-imperialist and in understanding myself as a neo-Platonic Humanist, importantly because of my affiliation with the LaRouche political movement, actively involved as a fulltime activist from 1976 to 1981 and continueing as an advocate of LaRouche policies… I support and have supported the sovereign nation of Syria going back to Hafez al Assad’s administration with the understanding that the attacks on the Assad leadership is typical of the dying desperate British/US/NATO axis’ strategy against any all sovereign nations that don’t abide by the dictates of the so-called “rules-based” western neo-liberal “democracies” and importantly are sanely aligning with the opportunities for global peace thru global development and reconstruction offered by China’s BRI and Russia’s EAEU. When Vladimir Putin finally had had enough of the British/US/NATO deployment and protection of their terrroist proxies so-called “civil war” which was gaining momentum in threatening the Assad government and deployed Russian military into Syria on September 30th 2015… the world profoundly changed.

William Nolan Syria is a beautiful country with ancient roots. Its people are warm and generous. Various Christian and Muslim sects live side by side in harmony. The majority love their elected president.
The U.S. and its allies tried to do to Syria what they did to Libya so they could install a puppet government.
The Syrian people united against the Salafist terrorists who attacked them and, with the help of allies, beat back the barbarian hoards.
My heart and soul are with the Syrian people. May they once again live in peace, harmony and prosperity.

Carlos Tierra Because Syria deserves the right to self-determine – without the genocidal U.S and Zionist Israel interfering with that.

Peter Karig It was around 2015 or 2016 I think when I became informed about Syria and the false flag gas attacks. It was you, Vanessa, and Catlin Johnstone who really got my attention first, and then for some reason I became obsessed. Syria is obviously nothing like what western media says it is, and Assad, his wife, the Syrian army, they are in reality greatly loved. Syria is also a beautiful country that doesn’t need to be destroyed and turned into a terrorist jihadist hell hole.

Michael Robertson No written statement from me can describe fully or adequately express the monumental RESPECT I hold for both the Syrian and Palestinian people..Their unbelievable sacrifice and bravery astounds and humbles me every day compounding the absolute shame I feel as a UK citizen for the evil actions of my own country

Ahmed Amado Asgher Because Syrians are generally good people and educated. They respect their women and they have an ancient history. They are also made up of various ethnic groups with diverse religeous beliefs, who have lived together in peace for many generations. Sadly Saudis with tacist American and Israeli approval wrecked Syria by causing chaos in that land. It is a known fact that most of these thugs were Al-Qaeda recruits paid for by the Saudis. They had no regard for life nor for the ancient historical sites in Syria. I am 72 years, travelled the world and read/write 3 languages fluently, including Arabic.

Roula Alhassan *Because Syria is a country in itself, with its strength and steadfastness in the face of all challenges, even if these challenges were against any other country, it would have completely collapsed….
*Because its leadership, its people and its army are the same in opinion and wisdom.
*Because its people grew up loving the homeland and other people.
* Because it is my home.

Kef Elmassih For the same reason I support Palestine…“…Because it is a just cause, a noble ideal, a moral quest for equality and human rights.” – Edward Said

Peter Bagwasi Any normal person would stand with the innocent against the devil.

Stewart Ollett The list of countries that oppose apartheid Israel is getting shorter. Russia and Iran (in this instance) take a bow….. Shame on the West…

Hector Williams A secular Christian, I support the govt which protects them. As someone who loathes neocons, globalists, wahhabis, banderites and Zionist s, I also support the people who fight against them!!!

Rina Paki because it is the true and correct thing to do!

Huss Sureh Because Syria is with the truth and the truth is with Syria!!!

John Thatcher Because they are fighting against US/Israeli tyranny.Plus disgraceful regimes like S Arabia.

Greg Schnürle Because I am fed up with the Anglo-American lies since they created and supported the `Mudshahedin´ in Afgahnistan to kill Soviets and gave money, weappons and training to the modern islamistic Terrorists the whole world is now suffering from.*And from here:

Antony Moore How Syria has survived the onslaught of Western backed terrorists is staggering and only by the grace of god with a little help from Russia, Iran etc. I’m disgusted at UK government involvement and will wholeheartedly support the Syrian people in their fight even if I can only supply morale support, plus a few letters to my local MP.

John Eichman After researching the conflict in Syria via numerous independent sources and mainstream media it is clear that Syria is the latest victim/target in western imperialism and as such deserves my support.

Dmitry Drozdov Because they’re being bullied

Nigel Hanrahan 1. The whole structure of international relations, even with the presence of the US Empire, rests upon the sovereignty of states, etc.. If one state can be attacked, then any state can be attacked. This isn’t even particularly radical. It’s simply advocacy for law-governed international relations instead of the current fake law-governed international relations.

2. anti-imperialist solidarity, natch. And if you don’t know what imperialism is, or don’t think it’s a problem, then you are part of the problem.

3. Because Syria has a great an ancient culture that I don’t want to see harmed. “In their rich variety and diversity, and in the reciprocal influences they exert on one another, all cultures form part of the common heritage of humanity”. [UNESCO]

Poppy Sage You and Vanessa Beeley doing great job being there while other so called journalists are just following the regime plan change by the Pentagon. Gen Wesley Clark made it clear it was a long time plan to get Assad out along with other Mideast leaders. White Helmets also obvious, real criminals.

Kevin Tang I call out what’s wrong is wrong. What’s being done to Syria since 2011 is simply wrong.

Thomas P. Ross On June 22, 2006 my wife’s granddaughter (my step granddaughter) was killed by a single act of violence by a baby sitter in Virginia Beach. She was 15 months old. That death left a permanent void in our lives.

In 2012 Syrian Girl, (Mimi al Laham) began posting news articles including videos published by al Qaeda of Iraq and Jabhat al Nusra, (al Qaeda of Syria). The videos would be uploaded to You Tube and would remain there for about 7 or 8 hours and then be taken down by You Tube as they violated their content policy. I noticed that these videos were of ordinary citizens or police officers or Al Assad’s forces (SAA) being put to death in the most inhumane ways imaginable and I started to understand that it made no sense that our media was claiming Assad was killing his own people, when the video’s shown on You Tube were of his own army members being killed by what appeared to be religious zealots. I didn’t know anything about Wahhabism at the time, but Mimi al Laham provided an education of what was really going on in Syria and it all began to make sense. I followed the battles from any alternative media I could find. I grew a greater distrust for our media. I knew what was being reported by our media was a vast lie promulgated by all the major networks.

Having experienced the great loss we suffered losing our Kristen, I recognized that my country was causing that same loss for untold numbers of people living in Syria and in Libya. Except the loss might even be considered as being greater because the loss was just not a mother or father but in many cases, the bread winner and/or the nurturer. I wondered how many children were orphaned and were required forage on their own.

I could not comprehend that my government could be responsible for any of this but I knew it was true. And by my government’s actions, that made EVERYONE in my country complicit in these crimes. I spoke out every chance I had to anyone and everyone who would listen. I posted every article I could find relating to the crimes that were being committed in Syria and our country’s involvement. I convinced some. I irritated many. And I caused many to think I was a little crazy retelling what I believed to be true when it was in absolute conflict with what our media was reporting.

But I believed it was more important to convince people as to the truth even if it meant people lost respect for me. Knowing the loss we suffered losing our grandchild to a single act of violence, I knew the grief was felt no less to those experiencing death in Syria. That is the problem with many people throughout the world including many people in the United States. Many of us have a tendency to believe that some lives matter more than others. The adoption by many idiots in my country that we should make America great again plays into this illusion that we are or should be superior to the other people of this world. I am ashamed of my country. It is not the country I grew up knowing and loving as a child.

But the job of bringing attention to the plight of the Syrian people is not over. They are still under U.S. sanctions and those sanctions should be removed. And our forces are still in Syria. We are stealing the oil of the Syrian people and we are still supporting terrorists. I can not ever, in any capacity, undo the harm my country has caused the Syrian people. But I can still bring attention to their plight in my country and offer my own apology, insignificant as it is.

Here is the story of my granddaughter. Her death was worthy enough to report. But to be honest, in a perfect world, every person who lost their lives to our proxy terrorists in Syria deserve to have their names immortalized forever, here in the United States, on a vast memorial, names etched in granite near the Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool in Washington D.C. so that we all understand our crime and deter us from ever repeating it.
Donna Nassor I support Syria because it is the right thing to do. My country and its collaborators are responsible for so much suffering there. It is my duty to speak out, share the truth and work toward an end to the proxy war. During my visits to Syria I am uplifted and welcomed by Syrians. I am grateful they understand the difference between my government and individuals who support Syria. I will not stop my advocacy until Syrians achieve 100% victory and all of interlopers are gone.

Dimitri Kiriakidis I have that strange feeling that Syria is my country…. I see myself in the face of every Syrian soldier or citizen

Porgi Amor many reasons…
1) your previous speaking engagements with Canadian Peace Congress, which of course debunked what Canadians were being fed (by the biased CBC news coverage)
2) your in depth account of the fake white helmets
3) your description of humanitarian corridors, allowing the Syrian people to escape from terrorism & also allowing the terrorists to walk away
4) your unwavering consistency in reporting
5) your believability
6) your humanity in acknowledging others, like Mark Taliano, Vanessa Beeley, Cory Morningstar, etc.
7) Donald Lafleur’s brief trip to Syria
8) your previous coverage of Palestine

Areti Spiropoulos Because it has stood the test of time. Because it is a beautiful and ancient culture. Because it has been done wrong too many times by the imperialists west. Because Assad.

Verena Eiwen At some point what we are spoonfed through the MSM did not make sense anymore – so I researched, found your and Vanessas writing, found Janices writing, as well as the writing of a German law student with Syrian roots. The Syrian people must be exceptional in every way- and what the US led coalition is doing to them is abhorrent. They deserve any help they can get. I have deepest respect for all these men and women and children for fighting a truly unfair and „for all the wrong reasons“ war. Thank you for going there and writing about the truth.

Bonnie Hamilton Syria is a sovereign country with a democratically elected president voted for by I believe 80% of voters.
Regime change and pinning fake false flag attacks on Assad in order to carry out this agenda is evil and nothing more than resource and land grabbing by those who feel they have the power to do this to any country that has something they want or stands in their way.
Let’s ask the Syrians what THEY want.
Get all troops out including white helmets.
I don’t buy for one minute that Assad ever carried out attacks on his people. On insurgents fighting against his army, probably. Against his own people? I will never believe that. There’s zero proof.

Kev Har Because the Syrians and their leader have been brutally and visciously attacked by a cowardly playground bully.

Briannette Zatapatique Because over the years Assad’s narrative and the Syrian narrative – provided by you and others has remained a constant time line, logical and never changing or reverse engineered. The Western narrative is constantly changing – as soon as lies are told, more lies are needed to cover them up. As simple as that.*I applaud and agree with these comments, and after coming here 14 times now, many of those for months-long visits (2016), I would also add: because of the people of Syria.

Here are some additional reasons [more on my Syria playlist]:

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Here are some additional reasons [more on my Syria playlist]:

انتهت الدولة الممسوكة ولم تقُم الدولة المتماسكة

 ناصر قنديل

مع الشعور بالمهانة والذل اللذين يقبضان على أنفاسنا، ونحن نرى مشهد وصول العميل عامر فاخوري إلى أحضان الرئيس الأميركي دونالد ترامب، تغمرنا التساؤلات حول كيف تمكن الأميركيون من النجاح في ترتيب هذا الانتهاك السافر لما هو أبعد من سيادتنا، وصولاً لوصمة عار أصابت كرامتنا الوطنية، في ظل زمن نعتز ونفتخر بأنه زمن المقاومة التي حرّرت وحققت النصر تلو الآخر، وهي تزداد قوة وتصير الرقم الأصعب بلا منازع في معادلات المنطقة، لكنها تبدو الرقم الضعيف في معادلة الدولة اللبنانية.

لن تغيّر من قناعة أيّ وطني أو مقاوم، كل دموع التماسيح التي يذرفها أدعياء السيادة وهم يصبّون جام غضبهم على المقاومة، ولا يهمهم أن يكون الأميركي قد قام بانتهاك سيادتنا، بقدر ما يعنيهم تسجيل الشماتة وزرع الشكوك. فالعمالة ستبقى تحمل اسماً واحداً هو العمالة وستبقى جريمة لا يسقطها مرور الزمن، والأميركي سيبقى هو الراعي والحامي لفكرة العمالة، والذين يلوذون به سيبقون أحصنة طروادة لتفكيك عناصر القوة في بلدنا، وسيبقون مشاريع جاهزة للانقضاض على أحلامنا التي أصيبت في الصميم مع هذا المشهد المخزي والمشين الذي وسم لبنان المقاوم والمنتصر على العدوان.

نستذكر ما قبل وما بعد التحرير، والمقاومة لم تكن بقوتها اليوم، ونتساءل هل كان هذا ليحدث في عهد الرئيس العماد إميل لحود، قائداً للجيش أو رئيساً للجمهورية، ونقطع بالجواب نفياً، ونستذكر أن حروباً خيضت على تلك المرحلة وجرى توصيفها كمرحلة سوداء مرّة بوصفها بأنها نموذج عهد الوصاية، ومرّة بزمن النظام الأمنيّ، والمقاومة وجمهورها ومحبوها لم يمانعوا في التعامل بإيجابية مع دعوات الخروج من الدولة الممسوكة، التي كان عنوانها الدور السوري في لبنان، وهو دور سيبقى، مهما قيل فيه من الذين لم يقدّموا شهيداً واحداً في مواجهة الاحتلال الإسرائيلي طوال عشرين عاماً، مصدر القوة التي نشأت في كنفها الدولة ونمى في حضنها مشروعها ومؤسساتها، وطويت في ظلاله صفحة الحرب الأهلية.

سورية ليست معنية بهذا النقاش، وهي بالحزم والجزم والقول النهائيّ الذي لا رجعة عنه، لن تعود للعب دور في لبنان ولو طلب منها كل اللبنانيين ذلك، فقد اختبرت سورية قوتها وهي خارج لبنان، كما اختبرت مصر في حرب الاستنزاف مع جمال عبد الناصر قوتها بعد الانسحاب من اليمن، واكتشفت سورية في تجربتها مع الحرب التي خيضت عليها، مكانة مفهوم السيادة الوطنية كمحرّك معنوي للشعوب، وبمثل ما ترفض أن يتدخل أحد في شؤونها قررت أنها لن تتدخل بشأن أحد، ولذلك ليس أمام اللبنانيين وهم يقولون لا للدولة الممسوكة إلا أن يبقوا على كلامهم لأنهم لن يجدوا من يتولى إمساكها مجدداً، وبالتالي عليهم الاختيار بين دولة الجزر والشظايا التي يعيشون في ظلها، والتي يسهل اختراقها والتلاعب بها كما قالت الأيام السوداء لعمليّة اختطاف جزار الخيام، رغم ملفه القضائي الذي أعيد فتحه، وتهريبه بطائرة من معبر غير شرعي عبر السفارة الأميركية في عوكر، وبين الدولة المتماسكة، الدولة التي لا يخشى فيها القاضي على مصالحه ويخاف العقوبات أو يضعف أمام الإغراءات، ولا ينطق إلا بالحق بلسان الشعب اللبناني، ولا يجرؤ فيها أي كان على العبث بسيادتها، والسير بين شقوقها العسكرية والأمنية والدبلوماسية.

خرجنا من الدولة الممسوكة ولم ندخل الدولة المتماسكة، فصرنا مجموعة جزر وشظايا، تحكم علاقاتها مصالح تخصّ كلاً منها وسياسات تسيّر كلاً منها، وحسابات تتحكم بكلّ منها. وها نحن في الملف المالي كما في الملف الأمني كما في الملف القضائي نشعر بهشاشة الدولة، وضعفها كفكرة، وغيابها كمشروع.

Foreign Ministry: anti-Syria western stances increase Syria's insistence on defending its people and preserving its sovereignty

ST

Tuesday, 17 March 2020 20:19 

Syria has asserted that the hostile Western attitudes towards it will only increase its insistence on defending its people, preserving its sovereignty and independent national decision, and reconstructing what was destroyed by terrorism.

An official source in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates said in a statement to SANA today that what was stated in the American-British-German statement on the occasion of the nine-year anniversary of the terrorist war targeting Syria reaffirms that these countries continue to support terrorist organizations to prolong the war on the Syrian people, especially after their failure to achieve their goals due to the steadfastness of the Syrians and the successive achievements of the Syrian Arab Army.

“The false lamentation and hypocrisy that characterized the colonial West’s rhetoric on human rights in Syria is disgusting due to the fact that the west is the reason for the bloodshed of the Syrians and their continued suffering as a result of the unjust war and the sanctions that affect the life of the Syrian citizen and their livelihood. The West is the reason behind the displacement of millions due to the terrorism and aggression on Syria which failed to achieve its goals thanks to the liberation of many territories of the Syrian Arab Republic and Syria’s firm steps to restore security and stability to all Syrian areas”, the source added. 

The source pointed out that these countries flagrantly violated the international law through supporting terrorism and continuing to interfere in internal affaires of states and through its responsibility for the effects of this unjust war on the lives of Syrians. This flagrant violationrequires the international community to condemn these policies and hold those responsible accountable for the crimes they committed, especially as their statements are considered solid evidence of this.

“The Syrian Arab Republic reaffirms that such Western positions will only increase its insistence on continuing to defend its people, preserving its sovereignty and its independent national decision, and the reconstruction of what was destroyed by terrorism”, the source added. “The future of Syria is an exclusive right for Syrians, and Western leaders must realize that as they were expelled in the past, their project in Syria will be doomed to a catastrophic fail. The West statements will not help them to cover up their failed policies and their catastrophic effects on the interests of their citizens in particular and stability in the world in general.

Inas Abdulkareem

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Turkey “will” take action in Idlib if agreement with Russia is not implemented: Erdogan

Russian electronic warfare caused major problems for Turkish aircraft in Syria: report

By News Desk -2020-03-09

Ankara could take unilateral action in the Syrian region of Idlib unless the agreements with Russia are implemented, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said in Istanbul on Sunday.

“We retain the right to clear that site in our own way in case the promise given to us about the location of Operation Spring Shield [in Idlib] is not kept. We reached an agreement [with Russia] to resolve the Idlib crisis without any further bloodshed. If not, we will be going on along the path we have set for ourselves,” Erdogan said aired by NTV channel.

Apart from that, he said that at least 59 Turkish troops had been killed in that Syrian region over the past month.

Erdogan claimed that the Turkish military “have neutralized 3,400 troops of the [Syrian] regime” in Idlib.

At the talks in Moscow on March 5, the Russian and Turkish presidents, Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan, agreed a ceasefire along with other measures aimed at resolving the crisis in Syria’s Idlib region.

Under the agreements, fighting should be stopped along the entire contact line after ceasefire comes into effect on March 6. Starting on March 15, Russia and Turkey are to start jointly patrolling the area along the M4 highway, where a security corridor will be established.

Moscow and Ankara reiterated commitment to Syria’s sovereignty and agreed to continue fight against terrorism.

Source: TASS

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Iran, Syria, Hezbollah, Ansarullah is the front line, not China-Russia

March 02, 2020

Paul Schmutz Schaller for The Saker Blog

During the last days, we saw dramatic changes in the Syrian situation. For the fourth time in the last years, Turkey invaded Syria. But the actual invasion is quite different since it is directly targeted against the Syrian army. This was confirmed, on March 1, by the Turkish defense minister and, on March 2, by Erdogan.

The Turkish aggression is carried out by thousands of troops, by thousands of military vehicles, and by air forces, including a significant number of armed drones. Concerning the concrete situation on the ground, there are different narratives. Apparently, on February 27, over thirty of invading Turkish military personnel were killed by a strike coming from Syria, Russia, or both; these Turkish military personnel were mixed with terrorist forces and therefore difficult to discern. Subsequently, there was obviously some confusion among the Syrian side and its allies, which allowed the Turkish army to make some important casualties.

In the last weeks, the Syrian Army had made big progresses against he terrorists around Idleb. The latter were on the brink of complete collapse. Turkey did not want to accept their defeat and this was the reason for the Turkish aggression. It is certainly true that Turkey was an ally of the terrorist forces in Syria during the whole war. But this time, the Turkish army fights directly together with the terrorists against the Syrian army. This has created a new situation, even if it is not yet a full-scale war; for example, some of the so-called Turkish „observation posts“ are surrounded by the Syrian army, but were not attacked.

The Syrian army is quickly adapting to the new situation. In particular, on March 2, the crucial city Saraqeb (on the junction of the two highways M4 and M5) could be recaptured from the Turkish and terrorist forces. The Syrians have declared a no-fly-zone over the region (Russian planes being the unique exception) and they are bringing more air defense systems to the front, in order to confront the Turkish air attacks. It also seems that the Syrian army has decided to postpone the liberation of the M4 between Saraqeb and Lattakia in order to concentrate on the more essential M5 between Damascus and Aleppo.

Hezbollah has lost some fighters by the Turkish aggression. On March 1, a massive funeral with thousands of people was hold in Beirut. On February 29, for the first time, the Iranian Advisory Center in Syria published a statement, warning the Turkish side of „the great risks of continuing the aggression against Syria“. We can conclude that these close allies of the Syrian army also adjust their position, closely monitoring the new developments.

Since Russia decided in 2015, on the request of the Syrian government, to actively support the Syrian army, it was always clear that the aim was the fight against terrorism. There is no doubt that Russia will continue with these politics. On the other hand, with respect to the Turkish invasion, it is not to expect that Russia will militarily intervene directly. Of course, Russia will defend the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Syria, but merely on the political and diplomatic level. However, there will be some major grey zone since the fight against terrorism cannot simply be distinguished from the fight against the Turkish invaders.

Very probably, the planned meeting (March 5) between Putin and Erdogan in Moscow will not resolve the problem of the Turkish invasion. One may expect that Putin will put some red lines in order to avoid a full-scale war between Syria and Turkey. Moreover, he will insist that the Syrian side is the just side. But Russia cannot handle the Turkish aggression. This is a problem between Turkey on the one hand and Syria, together with her regional allies, on the other hand. China will have a similar position. There will be diplomatic, economical, and some political support for Syria from China, but not much more, at least not openly.

I think that it is completely wrong to criticize Russia or China for these positions. They are not the masters of an alternative world. They cannot dictate a political agenda. They have neither the strength nor the intention of doing so. No country should expect that its problems will be solved by China and/or Russia. It is also wrong to see Putin as the one big infallible chess player who holds the reins. As leader of his country he has his point of view just as the leaders of the other players have their point of view. Nobody is in the possession of the absolute truth. However, the history of Russia and China shows that these countries are loyal to her allies and do not exchange them like clothes. As permanent members of the Security Council they will defend the interests of Syria. But they will continue to have as good as possible relations with USA, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey.

China and Russia are strong and influential countries, but the creation of a post-Western world needs quite a few other countries. Militarily speaking, the current front line between the Western empires and the new world is in the Middle East (West Asia). On the one hand, we have the aggressive countries USA, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Turkey. The other side is represented by Iran, Syria, Hezbollah, and Ansarullah (Yemen). One may add some forces in Iraq. At present, these are the regions were the sharpest fights took place. The impulses and the directives for these forces do not come from Russia nor from China. They come from the Middle East herself.

Iran, Syria, Hezbollah, and Ansarullah all have their proper strength, experience, autonomy, and leadership. Each one has achieved great successes against mighty enemies. Of course, they collaborate and there is much mutual support. The victories of each are also the victories of all. With the Turkish invasion in Syria, they are confronted with a new task. But Turkey is not as strong as it seems. Politically, the country is divided and Erdogan has not at all the support of the whole people for his invasion. His supporters are merely ultra-nationalists and fascists. Moreover, his aggressive politics in the region (Syria, Iraq, Libya, Cyprus, Greece) has not produced many friends. His politics seem to be utterly adventurous. And militarily speaking, Syria, Hezbollah, and Iran are experimented opponents. I am very confident that Erdogan will suffer a shameful defeat. The Syrian nation and people have already showed that they are able of immense sacrifices, that they are heroic fighters and great patriots.

The reactions on Soleimani’s assassination have changed the Middle East. Erdogan will not be able to stop this movement. His government has chosen the wrong side. The „new“ Middle East is modifying the relations with all other countries. The world should get used to a new Middle East: more autonomous, more self-confident, stronger. Which is very valuable for the whole planet.

The Gangster!

ST

 Sunday, 01 March 2020 07:58

President Erdogan of Turkey has indeed lost what remained of his brain! In a mafia and gang-like show, Erdogan called on Russia, which has been pioneering the fight against terrorism, to get out of his way and allow his occupying forces to invade the more of Syria!

Erdogan, the liar and butcher, claimed in his yesterday hallucinations that the Syrian people demanded him to send his occupying forces , if not thousands of multinational terrorists into Syria!

The Syrians have every legitimate right to defend their country; has Erdogan any right to invade Syria!? Erdogan’s occupation troops were mingled with terrorists, who were too dressed in Turkish military uniforms. Should the Syrian Army and its allies welcome by roses the invading terrorists!

Erdogan’s so-called observation posts, used merely to support and take part in the war of terrorists against Syrians, might be after his crazy threats, legitimate targets. Why should Erdogan take pride in killing many Syrians and  many of their anti-terrorism allies!!? Simply because he himself is a terrorist.

This Ottoman terrorist is but a threat to the entire world. Erdogan the criminal is trying to play the role of a victim! The majority of the Syrians abroad, left in fear of terrorism, want to return back to their country. This terrorist prevents them!

As the Sputnik accurately transmitted, Turkish soldiers invaded Northern Syria. Turkish soldiers were killed while being in Syria. Idlib is not under dispute. It is part of Syria. Turkey is the aggressor nation, not the victim. If we had a fair and balanced media we would all be informed of that salient fact, not set up to support further actions against Syria for the ‘crime’ of trying to repel invaders from its territory.

The classic George Orwell novel ‘1984’ was meant as a warning to society about the destructive and freedom sapping nature of oligarchs and tyrannical nation state, not a user manual for the powerful in the 21st century but recent events in Syria highlight yet again the incredible ability of the rulers of the world in the West to use their compliant and sycophant media to create narratives that belong in fairy tales, not news bulletins.

War is Peace. Freedom is Slavery. Ignorance is Strength. These are the three mottos inscribed on the Ministry of Truth building of the nation of Oceania in Orwell’s dystopian 1948 masterpiece which imagined a society of totalitarianism and perpetual war in 1984, thirty five years in the future as Orwell sat in a small farmhouse on the Scottish island of Jura to construct his warning to the world in the post WWII era. Totalitarianism may not be universal or at least recognized as such by all but perpetual war is certainly an underlying feature of the 21st century world. It used to be the case that arms companies were created to feed wars but nowadays wars are created to feed arms companies.

When a sovereign nation is attacked and/or invaded they have an inalienable right to defend themselves and repel invaders. Isn’t it pathetic to witness the brutal suppression of thousands of firefighters and other public service workers by heavily armed police in France for the ‘crime’ of protesting against damaging pension changes reported as legitimate ‘public order’ and ‘crowd control measures’ but actions by the Syrians against terrorists and foreign army invaders as being aggressive and tyrannical?

Our world is indeed more Orwellian by the day. In such an era of lies and distortions those who speak truth to power will be more brutally repressed.

Dr. Mohamad Abdo Al-Ibrahim

alibrahim56@hotmail.com   

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