Lebanon Stole at Least US 21 Billion Dollars from Syrian Depositors – President Assad

November 5, 2020 Arabi Souri

President Bashar Assad and First Lady Asmaa Assad visited an exhibition in Damascus dedicated to Aleppan industrialists, during his visit President Assad exposed a grand theft of Syrian money by Lebanon.

Syria First Couple visit Aleppo industries exhibition in Damascus

“At the minimum, the estimates at the lowest were 20 billion dollars, and at the maximum, it was 42 billion dollars. We do not have a real figure,” President Assad told the crowd that surrounded the first couple, he added: “This number for an economy like Syria is a frightening number.”

President Assad did not belittle the US and EU blockade coupled with the blockade of their followers around the world against the Syrian people, he drew the timeline of the current crisis with the main factors of the war of terror and war of attrition waged on the country by NATO and stooges which the country is going through for nearly a decade; the Syrian President emphasized on the coinciding of the beginning of the current severe crisis, ‘that Syria never lived through since it independence – in 1945’, with the blocking of depositors accounts by the Lebanese Central Bank starting a year ago.

The following is the English translation transcript of the above video:

First of all thanks to you, were it not for your steadfastness in Aleppo, and if it were not for you decided from the beginning to be positive, effective and have a challenge, which any person needs to succeed, especially in these circumstances, had it not been for all of this, we would not have reached this successful beginning.

When we meet with producers in these special circumstances, difficult circumstances, and harsh conditions that Syria has not lived through since the days of independence, this carries a special message and full of meanings.

3 and 4 years ago, Aleppo was besieged from all sides and the bombing on it did not stop and its production did not stop, so the issue is not the subject of a siege, so if a siege on Aleppo could not affect, the siege on Syria, which is not more severe than the siege on Aleppo, would not be the cause of the problem that we are going through. With it, there are issues that we are affected by, such as the issue of (the United States’ theft of oil), the issue of wheat supplies, the burning of wheat in the northeastern regions, there is no doubt that all of this has an impact, but the economic problem has another reason that no one is talking about, and that is the money that the Syrians withdrew (from Syria) and deposited in Lebanon, and the banks in Lebanon were closed, so we paid the price, this is the essence of the problem that nobody is talking about.

It is easy to always blame the state and the government, mistakes exist with every one and this is another issue, but the current crisis is not related to the blockade, the blockade has been imposed on us for years, this does not mean that the siege is good and the Americans are innocent, no, the blockade directly harms all aspects of life, but the current crisis that started several months ago, caused by this issue (the closure of banks in Lebanon) because the crisis began before the Caesar Act and began years after the blockade, so what coincided with it? It is the money that’s gone.

At the minimum, the estimates at the lowest were 20 billion dollars, and at the maximum, it was 42 billion dollars. We do not have a real figure. This number for an economy like Syria is a frightening number.

End of the transcript.

President Bashar Assad and First Lady - Damascus Exhibition
President Assad accused Lebanon of stealing 20 billion from Syrians

This is not the first time Lebanon worked efficiently as a pawn in the US-led war of terror against Syria, it was a stage where the killing of its former PM Rafic Hariri led to a fruitless international tribunal that lasted for 15 years and cost the Lebanese people about a billion dollars to reach nothing, in the course of its trials it started by a false accusation against the Syrian state for killing the former Lebanese PM which led to the withdrawal of the Syrian troops from Lebanon in 2005, the accusations were dropped after they exhausted their political and economic purpose.

During the current episode of the US-led war of terror on Syria, Lebanon through a number of its pro-Saudi officials was instrumental in smuggling weaponsterrorists, and drugs to contribute to the war against the Syrian people.

This latest theft of the Syrian depositors in the Lebanese banking system upon the US instructions in the last quarter of last year was meant to break the will of the Syrian people to give up to the USA of their sovereignty and freedom what they refused to give to the US-sponsored terrorist groups including Al Qaeda and its offshoots Nusra Front and ISIS for almost a decade.

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Related News

Trump Plots to Kill President Assad, Sends Him Top Delegation Asking for Help!

October 19, 2020 Arabi Souri

US President Donald Trump - Syrian President Bashar Assad
US President Donald Trump – Syrian President Bashar Assad

Trump sent a top official US delegation to Damascus in August begging for help from the Syrian government in regard to a US mercenary and a US citizen of Syrian origins who disappeared in Syria in 2012 and 2017.

The top delegation included Roger Carsten, a career US ambassador tasked to freeing US spies caught on foreign lands, and Kash Patel, a deputy assistant to the US embattled President Donald Trump.

The news of the visit of the US top officials was first reported by the Wall Street Journal and confirmed by a Syrian official at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs who spoke to the Syrian Al Watan Newspaper.

Donald Trump is badly needing any achievement in foreign policy before the presidential elections in his country, especially after failing in every single topic in international relations with foes and enemies alike, even some minor stunts forcing US allies to get closer is marred with uncertainties and destined to fail in the medium and long term, and more importantly, after the miserable conduct of his regime on all domestic policies over the past four years of his unprecedented dictatorship-style ruling despite being the first US president who replaced all his officials during his first term, some of them more than once.

Trump wanted to secure the release of two US citizens who disappeared in Syria, Austin Tice, a freelance mercenary and a former Marine from Texas posing as a journalist, he disappeared in 2012 while training the ‘rebels’ (Al Qaeda Levant) on how to use rocket-propelled grenades against the Syrian army personnel and policemen, in Syria, and Majd Kamalmaz, a US therapist of Syrian origins last seen in 2017.

Syria has never affirmed it has either of the two in its custody while the US insists that they’re held by Syrian law enforcement, or at least can help secure their release. Syria has in the past helped free many US citizens who travel halfway around the planet to find themselves in the wrong hands in the wrong places at the wrong times ‘coincidentally’.

The Syrian source who spoke to Al Watan Newspaper added that the visiting US delegation met with Major General Ali Mamlouk, head of Syria’s national security at his office, and the delegation wanted to discuss a wide range of topics with the Syrian government.

‘This is not the first visit of this high level of US officials to Damascus and has been preceded by three similar visits to Damascus in the past months and years,’ the official source told Al Watan.

President Assad has turned down previous pleas to talk by Donald Trump, one of those pleas was reported by Trump’s former national security advisor Bolton who described the ill-language used by Trump in addressing the Syrian leadership.

Why would Syria accept to help the USA or its president, when the US occupies parts of Syria, helps Israel occupy the Syrian Golan, helps Turkey invade large parts of northern Syria, supports terrorist groups including ISIS in Syriasteals Syrian oil, plots to kill the Syrian president, and imposes inhumane sanctions on the country?! The USA is not that strong, especially in our region, and Syria is not that weak, at all, despite the decade-long war of terror waged against it by the world’s superpowers and super-rich countries.

The source added, as per Al Watan Newspaper: ‘The visiting delegation were surprised to face the same position of Damascus rejecting any discussion or cooperation with Washington before discussing the US troops withdrawal from Syria.’

Damascus insisted on the withdrawal of the occupying American forces from the east of the country and the emergence of real signs of this withdrawal on the ground, the visiting US officials tried to earn Damascus’s cooperation in the ‘American kidnapped’ file, however, Damascus stood its position in prioritizing the US withdrawal first, the Syrian official source conveyed.

The Syrian official source concluded to Al Watan: ‘the Syrian leadership is aware of the influence of the American lobbies on American presidents, their decisions, and their public policies’.

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Damascus and Moscow Facing the Siege… Economy First! دمشق وموسكو بمواجهة الحصار.. الاقتصاد أولاً!

October 16, 2020 Arabi Souri

Russian Military Presence in Syria - Hmeimim Airbase - Moscow - Damascus

Moscow and Damascus realize after five years of the Russian presence in Syria that if Russia leaves its political and military position in Syria, the consequences will be very dangerous for the region.

Dima Nassif, director of Al-Mayadeen office in Damascus, wrote (source in Arabic) the following piece for the Lebanese news channel about the latest developments in the Russian – Syrian relations in light of the latest visit of the Russian top delegation to Damascus followed by a Syrian delegation visit to Moscow:

The visit of the Syrian Minister of Presidential Affairs to Moscow at the head of an economic delegation, a few days ago, may have slipped from media circulation, despite its close connection with the completion of the Russian-Syrian talks or agreements that were reached during the recent visit of the Russian Deputy Prime Minister Borisov and the Russian delegation. It is possible to build on it to launch a Russian-Syrian partnership paper to confront sanctions, including the US ‘Caesar Act‘.

The crowding of readings and interpretations of the visit of the Russian delegation and the presence of Sergey Lavrov after eight years to Damascus can be interpreted as just a temporary Russian economic bargaining – to cross the psychological barrier left by the American pressure on Moscow, to prevent the return of the political process to Geneva, and to exert Russian internal pressure by a current opposing the policy of Putin in Syria – that final understandings must be reached on the Constitutional Committee before the Syrian presidential elections in June 2021.

This visit, as the results confirm, is no further than full support for the Syrian state politically and economically, as it does not come under the heading of Russian initiatives to barter or compromise Damascus’s positions on the political process, the liberation of Idlib, or even eastern Syria. Lavrov’s presence in Damascus was against the backdrop of the “Caesar Act”, not Astana or any other address.

Among the deficiencies of some in Moscow against Damascus are its rigid positions in the face of Russian proposals, which calls for flexibility in negotiations on the part of the Syrian side, and the easing of some formalities that may be interpreted in the way that the Syrian leadership does not wish to cooperate or make any progress in the political process before the elections, repeating the phrase that there is no agreement without agreeing on everything.

On the other hand, Damascus believes that the political process should be based on a long-term strategy, to avoid the traps that Turkey might place through its groups within the opposition delegation, as President Al-Assad spoke in his recent meetings to Russian media.

Columns of cars crowded in front of petrol stations in Syrian cities two months ago did not allow to feel Russian support to alleviate the consequences of the “Caesar Act” and its impact. Then came the huge losses in forest fires and agricultural lands in the countrysides of Lattakia, Homs, Tartous, and Hama, this was quickly seized by the American embassy in Damascus, calling on the Syrian government to protect its citizens, in a naive attempt and unprofessional rhetoric, to test its ability to incite the incubating environment (of the Syrian state), as Caesar (Act) promised in the folds of its goals, without an American understanding of the peculiarity of this environment, which has stood its positions throughout the war, despite all the living and security pressures on its lives.

Moscow, and with it Damascus, after five years of the Russian presence in Syria, are aware that the consequences of Russia leaving its political and military position in Syria will be very dangerous for the region, as the Russian presence aims to ensure security and make the world order more just and balanced, as President Al-Assad said. Ankara’s transfer of the militants from the Muslim Brotherhood and al-Qaeda groups to the Azerbaijan front, and before it to Libya, is only the first sign of the expansion of the Turkish project in the region after its failure in Syria, and it is the basis of Moscow’s involvement in the Syrian war, and will not allow its transfer to its own walls.

Intercontinental Wars – Part 2: The Counterattack

Intercontinental Wars – Part 3 The Open Confrontation


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ديمة ناصيف 

المصدر: الميادين نت

13 تشرين اول 14:02

تدرك موسكو ومعها دمشق بعد 5 سنوات على الوجود الروسي في سوريا، بأنه إذا ما غادرت روسيا موقعها السياسي والعسكري في سوريا فإن التبعات ستكون خطرة جداً على المنطقة.

تدرك موسكو ومعها دمشق بأنه إذا ما غادرت روسيا موقعها السياسي والعسكري فإن التبعات ستكون خطرة جداً على المنطقة
تدرك موسكو ومعها دمشق بأنه إذا ما غادرت روسيا موقعها السياسي والعسكري فإن التبعات ستكون خطرة جداً على المنطقة

قد تكون زيارة وزير شؤون الرئاسة السورية إلى موسكو على رأس وفد اقتصادي، قبل أيام، قد مرَّت بعيداً من التداول الإعلامي، رغم ارتباطها الوثيق باستكمال المحادثات أو الاتفاقيات الروسية السورية، التي تمّ التوصل إليها خلال زيارة نائب رئيس الحكومة الروسية بوريسوف الأخيرة والوفد الروسي، وبات من الممكن البناء عليها لإطلاق ورقة شراكة روسية سورية لمواجهة العقوبات، بما فيها قانون “قيصر” الأميركي.

ازدحام القراءات والتأويلات لزيارة الوفد الروسي وحضور سيرغي لافروف بعد 8 سنوات إلى دمشق، يمكن تفسيره بأنه مجرد مساومة اقتصادية روسية مؤقتة – لعبور الحاجز النفسي الذي خلّفه الضغط الأميركي على موسكو، ومنع إعادة العملية السياسية إلى جنيف، وممارسة ضغط داخلي روسي من قبل تيار يعارض سياسة بوتين في سوريا – بوجوب التوصل إلى تفاهمات نهائية حول اللجنة الدستورية قبل الانتخابات الرئاسية السورية في حزيران/يونيو 2021.

هذه الزيارة، كما تؤكد النتائج، ليست أبعد من دعم كامل للدولة السورية سياسياً واقتصادياً، فهي لا تندرج تحت عنوان مبادرات روسية تقايض أو تساوم مواقف دمشق حول العملية السياسية أو تحرير إدلب أو حتى الشرق السوري. كان حضور لافروف في دمشق على خلفية قانون “قيصر”، وليس أستانة أو أي عنوان آخر.

ومن مآخذ البعض في موسكو على دمشق، مواقفها المتصلّبة في وجه الطروحات الروسية، ما يستدعي إبداء مرونة في التفاوض من جانب الطرف السوري، والتخفف من بعض الشكليات التي قد تُفسَّر على نحو أن القيادة السورية لا ترغب في التعاون أو إنجاز أي تقدم على صعيد العملية السياسية قبل الانتخابات، وترديد عبارة أن لا اتفاق من دون الاتفاق على كل شيء.

في المقابل، ترى دمشق أن العملية السياسية يجب أن تكون مبنية على استراتيجية مرحلية طويلة الأمد، لتجنب أفخاخ قد تضعها تركيا من خلال مجموعاتها داخل وفد المعارضة، كما تحدث الرئيس الأسد في لقاءاته الأخيرة إلى وسائل إعلام روسية.

ولم تسمح أرتال السيارات المزدحمة أمام محطات الوقود في المدن السورية منذ شهرين بتلمّس الدعم الروسي للتخفيف من تبعات “قيصر” ووطأته، ثم جاءت الخسائر الهائلة في حرائق الأحراج والأراضي الزراعية في أرياف اللاذقية وحمص وطرطوس وحماة، الأمر الذي تلقفته السفارة الأميركية في دمشق سريعاً، لتدعو الحكومة السورية إلى حماية مواطنيها، في محاولة ساذجة وخطاب غير محترف، لاختبار قدرتها على تأليب البيئة الحاضنة، كما وعد “قيصر” في طيات أهدافه، من دون فهم أميركيّ لخصوصية هذه البيئة التي ثبتت على مواقفها طيلة الحرب، رغم كل الضغوطات المعيشية والأمنية على حياتها. 

تدرك موسكو، ومعها دمشق، بعد 5 سنوات على الوجود الروسي في سوريا، أن تبعات مغادرة روسيا موقعها السياسي والعسكري في سوريا ستكون خطيرة جداً على المنطقة، فالتواجد الروسي يهدف إلى ضمان الأمن، وجعل النظام العالمي أكثر عدلاً وتوازناً، كما قال الرئيس الأسد. إنّ نقل أنقرة للمسلحين من المجموعات الإخوانية والقاعدية إلى جبهة أذربيجان، وقبلها ليبيا، ليس إلا أولى ملامح توسع المشروع التركي في الإقليم بعد فشله في سوريا، وهو أساس انخراط موسكو في الحرب السورية، ولن تسمح بانتقاله إلى أسوارها.

العقوبات الأميركيّة المتوحّشة


على أبواب الانتخابات الرئاسية الأميركية تطبّق إدارة الرئيس دونالد ترامب حزمة عقوبات على المصارف الإيرانية بالجملة لمنع التعامل معها من كل مصارف العالم، ما يعني وفقاً لوصف وزير الخارجية الإيرانية محمد جواد ظريف إغلاق المنفذ الذي يعرف الأميركيون أنه لا يستخدم إلا لعمليات شراء الغذاء والدواء.

إذا كان الأميركيون يعلمون أن قراراتهم التصعيديّة لن تصيب ما يعتبرونه مصدر انزعاجهم من السياسات الإيرانيّة النوويّة والعسكريّة والإقليميّة، وإذا كان الأميركيون يعلمون أن إجراءاتهم لن تغير في الموقف السياسي لإيران بل ستزيدها تشدداً، وإذا كان الأميركيون يعلمون وفقاً لتجاربهم أن تدفيع الشعب الإيراني عبر صحته وغذائه ثمن قراراتهم لن يؤدي لفك هذا الشعب عن قيادته ودفعه إلى الشوارع، فلماذا يقدمون عليها خلافاً لادعائهم بالفصل والتمييز بين مشاكلهم مع القيادة الإيرانية وادعائهم الحرص على الشعب الإيراني؟

لا جواب سياسي عقلاني يفسر الخطوات الأميركية، والتفسير الوحيد هو أن حياة الشعوب لم تعُد تملك أي حصانة في الألاعيب السياسية الصغيرة فرئيس ضعيف انتخابياً يتوهم أن إظهار صورة الرئيس القوي بالبطش بحياة ملايين البشر قد يحسّن ظروف فوزه لن يتورّع عن أي خطوات متوحشة من أجل كتابة تغريدة تقول إنه رئيس قوي سواء عبر مثل هذه العقوبات أو خوض حرب مدمّرة لا تردعه عنها القيم بل الخشية من التداعيات.

الحال في سورية لا تختلف مع العقوبات الأميركية، حيث يعاني السوريون في سعر عملتهم الوطنية وفي موارد حياتهم، وخصوصاً الصحيّة بسبب العقوبات وتعيش سورية بسببها أزمات محروقات مستدامة تعبيرات مختلفة عن حال التوحّش التي أدخلتها الإدارات الأميركية إلى السياسة الدولية.

إقفال المصارف في مناطق حزب الله والثغرة اللبنانية السوداء…!

 السيد سامي خضرا

يتفنَّن الأميركيون دوماً في التآمر وأذيَّة الشعوب مُرفقين ذلك بكثيرٍ من العنجهية والغرور.

وهذا واضحٌ من خلال سلوك مسؤوليهم ودبلوماسيّيهم الرسميين.

وتُعاني الكثير من الشعوب من الاعتداءات الأميركية العسكرية والأمنية والاقتصادية وغيرها.

ونحن في لبنان كنا نتعرّض دوماً لمثل هذه الاعتداءات المُستمرة على مستوياتٍ مُختلفة، لكنها ازدادت في السنة الأخيرة لتصبح أكثر صلافةً ووقاحةً، خاصةً أنها تجري بتواطؤ داخلي صريح من زعماء وموظفين وجهات كانوا في كلّ تاريخهم وديعةً أميركيةً تُستعمل عند الحاجة!

فالذي يُعانيه اللبنانيون في الأشهر الأخيرة ما هو إلا نتيجة القرارات المؤامرات التي يُنفِّذها الفريق الأميركي الذي يتسلّم الملف اللبناني والذي كان من جملة جرائمه المخالِفة لكلّ القوانين أن هدَّدُوا وفرضوا على المصارف اللبنانية اتباع خطوات معينة وإلا سوف يتعرّضون لعقوبات!

وأقدموا على نماذج لذلك!

وما يؤسَفُ له أنّ المصارف في لبنان ليست بحاجة لتهديد فهي مُنصاعةٌ متواطئةٌ أصلاً.

بل إنّ الكثير من أصحاب ومؤثِّري وأصحاب القرارات في المصارف هم فضلاً عن مصالحهم الأميركية يسيرون مع سياستها بالتلميح ودون حاجة إلى التصريح.

ولعلّ أهمّ اعتداء حصل هذا العام هو مُصادرة كلّ أموال اللبنانيين قاطبة هكذا بطريقةٍ مافيَوِيَّة نظنّ أن لا مثيل لها في العالم أو هي نادرة، وبالرغم من ذلك لم يتحرك أحدٌ تحركاً جدياً للمطالبة بحقوق اللبنانيين!

بل من الإهانة أنّ المسؤولين الأميركيين يُهدّدون ويطرحون خططهم علناً دون استحياء… ولا من مُعلِّق ولا من مُجيب!

وبالأمس تقدّم عددٌ من المسؤولين الأميركيين باقتراح إقفال المصارف في المناطق التي ينشط فيها حزب الله أو له فيها قوة ونفوذ!

هكذا بكلّ وقاحة وبإجراء لم يُعهَد في كلّ أنحاء العالم يريد هؤلاء مع عملائهم داخل لبنان أن يقوموا بخطوةٍ لمُحاصرة جماهير وأنصار مجتمع المقاومة!

وليس مُستغرَباً أن تكون هذه الخطوة من جملة التصرف الأرعن للإدارة الأميركية وأن ينعكس عليها سلباً وليس بالضرورة أن يكون إيجابياً أو لصالحها أو أن يخدم مُخطَّطاتها العدوانية.

فكيف يمكن تحديد فروع المصارف تَبَعاً للمناطق؟

وكيف يمكن تمييز هذا الحيّ عن هذا أو هذه المنطقة عن هذه أو هذا الشارع عن الشارع الآخر؟

وكيف يمكن تحديد المناطق صاحبة النفوذ إنْ كان فيها خليطٌ من الناس؟

ومن يَمنع صاحب المُعاملة أن ينتقل من منطقة إلى أخرى أو من حيّ إلى آخر لإنجاز معاملته؟

إلى العديد من التساؤلات التي نعتقد أنها سوف تزيد من الإرباك والتخبُّط لكلّ الفرَقاء والمواطنين اللبنانيين ومن جملتهم الشخصيات والجهات وأصحاب المصارف الذين أثبتوا طوال هذه الأزمة أنهم ليسوا بمستوى المسؤولية حتى لا نقول أكثر وهم يستحقون ذلك الأكثر…

بل هم فعلاً وحقيقةً يُخربون بيوتهم بأيديهم من شدة غبائهم وانقيادهم!

نحن اليوم وبانتظار هذا القرار وغيره وحتى نكون صادقين وواقعيين لن ننتظر موقفاً إيجابياً لا من الحكومة اللبنانية ولا من الاتحاد الأوروبي ولا من جهة نافذة أخرى، وسوف نعتبر أنّ هذه الإجراءات المُتخمة بالأذيَّة ليست هي التجربة الأولى في حياة الشعوب الصامدة والمكافحة والمناضلة في وجه الاستعمار بما فيهم الأميركي.

ولا زلنا نعيش تجارب الصمود والقوّة ومهما كانت قاسية مع فنزويلا وكوبا وكوريا والهند وإيران وإنْ بِنسب مختلفة… فالحياة سوف تستمرّ.

لعلنا نحن في لبنان نختلف عن التجارب أعلاه بالتالي: في الدول صاحبة تجارب الصمود والقوة هناك سلطة مسؤولة تُخطط وتُنَفذ وتَصمد وتُواجه وتدعم وتضخّ المعنويات…

لكننا نحن في لبنان للأسف متروكون لِقَدَرِنا وتطوُّر الأحداث حتى يُحدِث الله أمراً كان مفعولاً.

فنقطة ضعفنا في لبنان هي:

عدم وجود مخطط حكومي للمواجهة والصمود والتوجيه والدعم بل هناك جهاتٌ وإعلامٌ لا ينام حتى ينتظر المايسترو الأميركي ليَتْلو على إيقاعاته أوجاع مواطنيه ويَتلذَّذ عليه سادياً!

هكذا تحاصر أميركا لبنان وسورية اقتصادياً ومالياً 1/2

باريس – نضال حمادة

مسؤول سابق في صندوق النقد الدولي يقول: احتياط مصرف لبنان 2.5 مليار دولار والباقي دولارات رقمية…

نعود بك أيها القارئ الكريم إلى مقالة «البناء» في شهر تشرين الثاني الماضي بعنوان (مسؤول سابق في صندوق النقد الدولي عشرات ملايين الدولارات تخرج يومياً من لبنان إلى أربيل). عُدنا والتقينا هذا المسؤول السابق في باريس وهو من أصل عربي ليحدّثنا عن تشاؤمه بمستقبل الوضع في لبنان، اقتصادياً وسياسياً وربما أمنياً حسب قوله، يشير إلى أن الأميركي ترك الفرنسي يتحرك قليلاً ثم وضع أمامه كل العراقيل التي يتصوّرها والتي لا يتصوّرها، وبالتالي النتيجة هي أن فرنسا وحدها لا يمكن لها ان تنقذ الوضع في لبنان من دون رضا أميركا.

يقول المسؤول المالي إن احتياطي مصرف لبنان يبلغ مليارين ونصف مليار دولار نقداً، بينما بقيت المليارات هي عبارة عن أرقام على الكمبيوتر لا أكثر، ومصرف لبنان أمام أكثر من معضلة فهو لا يمكن له أن يحوّل هذه الأرقام الى ليرة لبنانية لأنه رقمياً يكون قد خسر كل احتياطه الوهميّ من الدولارات. وهذا ما سوف يسرّع الانهيار المالي، مضيفاً أن مبلغ «الكاش» الموجود يكفي لاستيراد الحاجات الأساسية من النفط والدواء والقمح حتى آخر السنة الحالية.

الاقتصاد السوري تأثر بالانهيار اللبناني، حيث يقول المسؤول المالي الدولي السابق، هناك 40 مليار دولار تعود لرجال أعمال وتجار سوريين. وهذا كل ما يملكونه كانوا وضعوه في المصارف اللبنانية، والآن بعد اكتشاف النهب الذي تعرّضت له ودائعهم أصبحوا من دون إمكانيات للاستيراد وبالتالي انكشف الوضع السوري اقتصادياً كالوضع اللبناني على أزمات تمويل عمليات الاستيراد. وبالتالي شهدنا أزمات متزامنة من نقص في المحروقات في لبنان وسورية، وهذا كان عملاً مقصوداً ومدروساً بعناية، فالنظام المصرفي اللبناني استُخدم معبراً لسحب كميات العملة الصعبة الموجودة في لبنان وسورية تمهيداً لإسقاط البلدين في زمن الصراع على السيطرة على الشرق الأوسط.

ما يريده صندوق النقد من لبنان هو تسليم كامل لكل المرافق المربحة للدولة اللبنانية وبأبخس الأثمان. يقول المسؤول المالي الدولي معقباً أن مبلغ الاحد عشر ملياراً الموعود به لبنان من سيدر لن تسد رمق اللبنانيين إلا لفترة محدودة طالما أن فاتورة الاستيراد السنوي للبنان تعادل ستة عشرَ مليار دولار. وأضاف ان الولايات المتحدة عملت من خلال إغلاق المطالبة بإغلاق الحدود البرية بين لبنان وسورية على تفاقم الأزمة الاقتصادية وجعلها تصل الى مشارف الانهيار.

غداً الجزء الثاني: لعبة المعابر كيف حاصرت أميركا سورية ولبنان؟

حرب المعابر هكذا تحاصر أميركا سورية ولبنان

باريس – نضال حمادة

نكمل كلامنا مع المسؤول السابق في صندوق النقد الدولي، الذي قال إن أميركا أطبقت الطوق على سورية ولبنان عبر السيطرة على المعابر الحدودية في البلدين، بداية في سورية حيث عملت أميركا على منع الدولة السورية من الاستفادة من الوضع العسكري الذي أصبح لمصلحتها، وذلك عبر السيطرة او التحكم بكل المعابر بين سورية ودول الجوار بدءاً من معبر نصيب في الجنوب حيث يرفض الأردن فتحه بحجج واهية ويمدّد فترة إغلاقه دورياً من دون سبب، ويُعتبر معبر نصيب مع الأردن طريقاً مهماً لنقل البضائع السورية الى الخليج العربي واستيراد البضائع من الخارج عبر البر، في المرتبة الثانية يأتي معبر المالكية مع العراق وهو يقع في شرق سورية. هنا يقول الخبير الاقتصادي الدولي إن المعبر من الجهة العراقية يتمركز فيه ويسيطر عليه بالكامل الجيش الأميركي الذي يمنع نقل أية بضائع من سورية وإليه. ويقول إن الحكومة العراقية تخلّت عن المعبر لصالح القوات الأميركية بعد تولي مصطفى الكاظمي منصب رئيس وزراء العراق.

يقول الخبير الاقتصادي الدولي هناك أيضاً في الشرق السوري معبر التنف الذي تسيطر عليه القوات الأميركية، كما تمنع أميركا إيران والعراق وسورية من فتح معبر البوكمال، حيث تنفذ الطائرات الحربية الأميركية غارات متكررة على القوافل التجارية في المنطقة وعلى المواقع العسكرية المحيطة بالمعبر.

في لبنان يبدو الأمر أسهل بسبب وجود حدود بريه مغلقة مع فلسطين المحتلة، وبالتالي تبقى الحدود السورية اللبنانية التي تضغط اميركا لإغلاق ما تبقى سالكاً منها خصوصاً في البقاع الشمالي الذي تأتي المطالبة بإغلاق الحدود بينه وبين سورية ضمن سلم أولويات أجندة صندوق النقد الدولي، يختم المسؤول السابق في صندوق النقد الدولي كلامه.


Eva Bartlett

Eva Bartlett is a Canadian independent journalist and activist. She has spent years on the ground covering conflict zones in the Middle East, especially in Syria and Palestine (where she lived for nearly four years). Follow her on Twitter @EvaKBartlett

US sanctions are part of a multi-front war on Syria, and its long-suffering civilians are the main target
Syrian refugee patients from the makeshift Rukban camp, March 1, 2017 ©  AFP / KHALIL MAZRAAWI

July 13, 2020, RT.com

Eva K Bartlett

The US is waging multiple fronts of war against Syria, including brutal sanctions, while claiming concern over the well-being of Syrian civilians – the vast majority of whom are suffering as a direct result of US policies.

On June 17, the US implemented the Caesar Act, America’s latest round of draconian sanctions against the Syrian people, to “protect” them, America claims. This, after years of bombing civilians and providing support to anti-government militants, leading to the proliferation of terrorists who kidnap, imprison, torture, maim, and murder the same Syrian civilians

Just weeks after these barbaric sanctions were enforced, cue American crocodile tears about Syrian suffering, and claims that Moscow and Damascus are allegedly preventing the delivery of humanitarian aid. More hot air from American hypocritical talking heads who don’t actually care about Syrians’ well-being.America trigger-happily sanctions many nations or entities that dare to stand up to its hegemonic dictates. The word “sanctions” sounds too soft – the reality is an all-out economic war against the people in targeted nations.

Sanctions have, as I wrote last December, impacted Syria’s ability to import medicines or the raw materials needed to manufacture them, medical equipment, and machines and materials needed to manufacture prosthetic limbs, among other things.

Syria reports that the latest sanctions are already preventing civilians from acquiring “imported drugs, especially antibiotics, as some companies have withdrawn their licenses granted to drug factories,” due to the sanctions.

In Damascus, pharmacies I’ve stopped into, when I ask what some of the most sought-after medications are, hypertension medications are at the top.

But sanctions have yet another brutal effect: they wreak havoc on the economy.

The destruction of Syria’s economy is something US envoy for Syria, James Jeffrey, boasted about, reportedly saying that the sanctions “contributed to the collapse of the value of the Syrian pound.”

The website Sanctions Kill notes:

“Currencies are devalued and inflated when sanctions are levied. Countries are pressured to stop doing business with targeted countries. Sanctions violate international law, the UN charter, Geneva and Nuremberg conventions because they target civilians by economic strangulation, creating famines, life-threatening shortages, and economic chaos.”So youhave Western hypocritical talking heads pretending they want to get aid to Syrian civilians while literally cutting them off from medicine and the ability to purchase food. 

Resource theft and arson

But these crimes against humanity don’t suffice for America. The US occupation troops and their Kurdish proxy forces (the SDF) are plundering Syria’s oil resources to the tune of $30 million a month as of last October, according to Russian military estimates.

In early July, SANA reported another convoy leaving Syria to Iraq, loaded with oil thieved from areas under US occupation.Terrorists and US proxy groups are also thieving Syria’s cotton, olives, wheat, and flour.

Further, Syria accuses the US of deliberately setting fire to crops using Apache-dropped thermal balloons.

Civilians from affected areas near Turkish occupation posts likewise blame Turkish forces for setting fires and firing live ammunition upon those who attempt to extinguish the fires, farmers literally watching their livelihoods go up in flames. The Hasakah Agriculture Directorate director likewise blames Turkey for arson of the crops.

Turkish occupation forces are also accused of cutting water supplies at Alouk water pump station, depriving one million people in the Hasakah region of drinking and agricultural water, with no condemnation from the Securit Council.

The poverty and suffering Syrians are enduring these days is unbearable, with prices of basic goods doubled and tripled from just a few months ago, turning what were affordable items into luxuries, particularly for the 7.9 million food-insecure Syrians.

But alarmist Western media and representatives omit the context: the nearly 10 years of war on Syria; the deliberate targeting by terrorists and by US and Turkish occupation forces, and Israel, of Syria’s infrastructure; the looting of oil, wheat and cotton, even allegedly stealing parts of an Idlib power plant for scraps sale in Turkey.Likewise, Aleppo’s heavy industry was thieved during the years when terrorists occupied the industrial zones of the city. Heavy machinery was reportedly trucked in broad daylight to Turkey.With all of these factors, of course there is poverty and a chaotic economy.

A safe resolution rejected

Recently, the UNSC passed a resolution to maintain one humanitarian border crossing from Turkey into Syria, the Bab al-Hawa crossing.

Prior to that, Russia had proposed a resolution enabling the safe delivery of humanitarian aid from within Syria.

On July 11, Russia’s Permanent Mission to the UN issued a statement again noting the need to phase out cross-border deliveries, as the Syrian government has regained much of the territories previously occupied by terrorist factions, and deliveries must be made from within Syria.

The UNSC resolution that passed, however, continues the delivery of aid via Turkey, delivering to the hands of Al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups occupying Idlib. It is with these people the US aid ends up when delivered, from Turkey, not from Syrian territory.

Given that the US has supplied weapons to anti-government extremists in Syria before, it is not illogical to believe they hoped to funnel still more weapons in under the pretext of “aid” deliveries.

Russia’s statement also noted the lack of UN presence in the Idlib de-escalation zone, saying: “It’s not a secret that the terrorist groups, listed as such by the UN Security Council, control certain areas of the de-escalation zone and use the UN humanitarian aid as a tool to exert pressure on [the civilian] population and openly make profit from such deliveries.”

This is what Russia and China opposed, not the delivery of aid. 

Those are details which US Ambassador Kelly Craft slyly omitted when she spoke of callousness and dishonesty being an established pattern. Her verbal guns were aimed at Syria and Russia, but her choice of words perfectly describes US policy towards Syrians.

One only needs to look at US policy towards displaced Syrians in Rukban Camp to see that the US has actively worked to prevent aid deliveries there and prevent Syrians from being evacuated from there. Or the lack of US outcry at Turkey’s prevention of humanitarian convoys from reaching Idlib areas, which while scheduled for last April still hasn’t been successful.

On the other hand, on July 4 the WHO acknowledged the Syrian-Russian delivery of 85 tons of medicines and medical supplies from Damascus to Al Hasakah. On July 9, the Russian Reconciliation Center noted that 500 food packages (2,424 tons) were delivered to Idlib province and Deir-ez-Zor province.

I wonder how many tons of actual aid the US would send…

In case it isn’t yet clear, America is weaponizing and politicizing aid, as it tried to do in Venezuela last year. American representatives posture and bellow, and Russia and Syria quietly go about actually delivering aid to needy Syrians.

The Russian post-resolution statement also critically noted the brutal impact of sanctions on Syria, which, as detrimental to Syrians’ wellbeing as they are, somehow don’t merit the feigned concern of representatives like Craft.

The statement said:

“These coercive measures seriously undermine not only the socio-economic situation in Syria, but also impede activities of many humanitarian NGOs that are ready to help the population in territories controlled by Syrian official authorities.”

If America truly wanted to alleviate the suffering of Syrians, all sanctions against the country and people would be immediately lifted.


The Caesar Act: The Latest Western Attack on Syria Didn’t Drop From a Plane

As Syria struggles to recover from over a decade of US-imposed conflict, it faces a new deadly threat in the form of sweeping sanctions under the Caesar Act.

Western leaders, screw your ‘Sanctions Target the Regime’ blather: Sanctions KILL PEOPLE

As Syria Struggles Under COVID-19 Lockdown, America’s Scorched Earth Policy Ensures Food Insecurity -by Vanessa Beeley–Guilty until proven innocent (again): UN report on alleged Russian ‘war crimes’ in Syria is based on ‘We Say So’ & unnamed sources

UN Security Council adopts Syria cross-border aid resolution, but refuses to address humanitarian costs of sanctions

Guilty until proven innocent (again): UN report on alleged Russian ‘war crimes’ in Syria is based on ‘We Say So’ & unnamed sources

Covid-19 gives cover for US-led coalition to keep up pressure on Syria

Russia & China veto Western resolution on keeping Syria-Turkey border crossings open, but Moscow’s counter-proposal fails

روسيا تَنْصُبُ فخاً لـ «قيصر» في مجلس الأمن الدوليّ!‏

د. وفيق إبراهيم

تشهد أروقة مجلس الأمن الدولي في الأمم المتحدة جدلاً عنيفاً بين روسيا والصين من جهة والأميركيين والأوروبيين والخليجيين من جهة أخرى، حول سبل دعم النازحين السوريين في الشمال الغربي السوري.

انبثقت الخلافات بعد يقين روسي – صيني أن المساعدات المخصصة من الأمم منذ أربعة أعوام على التوالي تذهب بمعدل سبعين في المئة للتنظيمات الإرهابية المسيطرة على المنطقة برعاية تركية، مقابل ثلاثين في المئة إلى المدنيين الموالين لتركيا من التركمان وعائلات الإيغور والإرهابيين الآتين من أوروبا وبعض السوريين.تبين هذه النتيجة أن استمرار منظمات هيئة تحرير الشام والنصرة وحراس الدين وعشرات الكتائب المنبثقة من الإخوان المسلمين والإسلام الصيني والأوروبي الشرقي والخليج وشمال أفريقيا «الشقيقة» مصر، هؤلاء تغطي الأمم المتحدة احتياجاتهم الغذائية مقابل الدعم التسليحيّ من الأميركيين والأتراك والتمويلي من السعوديين وآل زايد الإماراتيين وآل ثاني القطريين.هذه هي الأسباب الوحيدة التي جعلت هذا الإرهاب مستقراً في محافظة إدلب، إنما بتغطية ميدانية من الجيش التركي المتخالط معهم والدعم الأميركي بالتسويات مع الروس وتوفير إسناد ميداني من الشمال الغربي إلى الشرق بالاتجاهين.

هذه الأمور لم تتوضح بجلاء أمام الروس والصينيين إلا بعد إطلاق الأميركيين قانون «قيصر» الإرهابي الذي يصيب بتدابيره نحو 16 مليون سوري في مناطق سيادة دولتهم ونحو ثلاثة ملايين آخرين بشكل غير مباشر، فإذا أضفنا نحو خمسة ملايين نازح سوري منتشرين في بقاع الأرض فلا يتبقى إلا أربعة ملايين فقط يتوزّعون بين مناطق شرقي الفرات من الحدود مع العراق وحتى الحدود مع تركيا بمحاذاة نهر الفرات، هذا إلى جانب سكان الشمال الغربي.فتنكشف هنا اللعبة الأميركية بأن استعمال غطاء الأمم المتحدة لتأمين مواد غذائية واستهلاكية من معابر تركيا والعراق إلى منطقة إدلب إنما هو وسيلة لدعم الإرهاب المنتشر في هذه المناطق بأموال من الأمم المتحدة، وربما هي التي تدفع ثمن السلاح والتدريب منذ أربع سنوات متواصلة.

هناك إذاً مخالفات قانونية كبيرة تواصل الأمم المتحدة ارتكابها وتسيء بها لوظائفها الأساسية القائمة على رعاية العلاقات بين الدول على أساس القانون الدولي، أي أن تعاملها يجب أن يكون حصراً بتغطيات من دول معترف بها دولياً فتتنصل من خلالها بمؤسسات صحية أو طبية واقتصادية أو ثقافية.فلنفترض أن للأمم المتحدة الحق بتوقيع اتفاقات توزيع مواد إنسانية مع تركيا فهل يحق لتركيا توزيع مواد إنسانية في أراضي دولة أخرى ومن دون موافقتها؟

هنا ينبثق سؤال آخر يصرخ بصوت عالٍ متوجهاً إلى أمين عام الأمم المتحدة حول هوية هذا الحق الدولي الذي يبيح للجيش التركي ومخابراته توزيع مواد مختلفة في مناطق سورية تحتلها تركيا؟

الأمر الذي يثير العجب الكبير من تعامل الأمم المتحدة مع دولة محتلة لتوزيع مساعداتها من قبل المحتلين على شعب يتعرّض للاحتلال.وهذا ينطبق أيضاً على معبر اليعربية الذي تسيطر عليه قوات أميركية وأخرى من الإرهاب لنقل معونات أممية إلى تنظيمات الإرهاب وقوات قسد الكردية وتشمل الغذاء والتموين وكميات كبيرة من السلاح.كذلك الحال مع معابر الأردن قبل أن يتمكن الجيش العربي السوري من تحرير مناطقه الجنوبية حتى حدود المملكة الهاشمية، ولم يتبقَ من تلك المنطقة إلا قاعدة التنف عند زاوية الالتقاء بين الحدود السورية والأردنية والعراقية ومخيم الركبان، وهما أكبر مراكز لدعم الإرهاب في البادية والشرق وبعض أنحاء محافظة حوران حول عاصمتها درعا.بالاستنتاج هناك أمم متحدة تتعامل في سورية مع دول تحتل أراضي سورية كالأميركيين والأتراك وبعض القوى الأوروبية، وهذا مناقض للقانون الدولي المنبثق منها والذي يؤكد على أن الدولة المعترف بها في الأمم المتحدة هي الدولة الحصرية الشرعية على أراضيها وفي تعاملاتها مع الخارج.

لذلك منع الروس والصينيون بالاتفاق مع الدولة السورية تجديد المشروع الأمميّ بتزويد منطقة «إدلب المحتلة» بمواد متنوعة، عبر معبري باب الهوى والسلام لأن تركيا هي الموزّع ولأن الإرهاب هو المتلقي والمستفيد، مطالبين بأن تكون الدولة السورية الشرعية هي موقع أي معبرين ينقلان تمويناً للإدلبيين المدنيين بشكل فعلي رابطين أيضاً صدور تقرير عن الأمم المتحدة يشرح أوضاع السوريين الواقعين تحت ظلم «قيصر» واستبداده كل نصف سنة.فكان أن سقط مشروع التجديد الأممي لفتح المعابر التقليدية بإشراف تركي وذلك بفيتو صيني روسي مزدوج.كما لم يمر اقتراح معدل من الصين وروسيا نتيجة لفيتو ثلاثي أميركي – فرنسي – بريطاني مدعوم من الخليج و»إسرائيل».

كما أن مشروع التسوية الألماني – البلجيكي لم ينجح أيضاً بسبب الرفضين الروسي – الصيني.

ماذا يعني هذا الانسداد في الأمم المتحدة؟

تطرح الصين وروسيا تساؤلاً حول الفارق بين سوري إدلبي جائع وبين سوري ينتشر من حلب إلى حماه وحمص ودمشق مع الحدود مع الأردن والعراق المسْتَهدَف بشكل خانق من مشروع قيصر الأميركي، أما الضمانة الثانية التي يطلبها الروس والصينيون هي التأكد من وصول المعونات إلى مستحقيها من المدنيين والفعليين، بما يؤكد أن عصر تموين الإرهاب بواجهة أممية إنسانية وعمق أميركي – إسرائيلي – تركي – خليجي دخل مرحلة التقهقر والتراجع.

وهذا يعني من جهة أخرى وجود روسي – صيني على مجابهة قيصر على طول الخط السوري – الإيراني.وله بعد آخر يتعلق بمستقبل إدلب والتخطيط الروسي – السوري لتحريرها بواحدة من الوسيلتين،

مؤتمر سوتشي وأستانا أي بمفاوضات ثلاثية روسية – إيرانية – تركية، أو بفتح معركة سورية مع تحالفاتها الروسية وحزب الله، لضرب تجمّعات الإرهاب وإبعاد الدور التركي.هنا لا يفهم الأميركيون إلا ضرورة الدفاع عن الإرهاب في إدلب ودعم الأتراك.

لأن تحريرها لا يعني إلا انتقال الجيش العربي السوري إلى الشرق عابراً الفرات وحاملاً أملاً كبيراً بإثارة ذعر الأميركيين المهتمين فقط بسرقة ثروات الشعوب، وهذه سورية والعراق مثلان واضحان للأهداف الأميركية في المنطقة العربية.

Iran-Syria Accord First Step to Defang US Caesar Sanctions – Assad’s Advisor


Bouthaina Shaaban talks to Cathy Newman about Syria - full ...

By Staff, Agencies

Senior Aide to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, Bouthaina Shaaban, hailed a comprehensive military-security deal recently signed with Iran as the first step to overcome sweeping US economic sanctions against the Arab country, saying Damascus has many other options to counter American restrictions.

Shaaban, Assad’s political and media adviser, said in an interview with Yemen’s al-Masirah TV channel on Friday that Syria, like Iran, can turn the siege imposed on her homeland into an opportunity.

“We have many options to defeat the Caesar law,” she said. “The signing of the Iran-Syria military agreement is the first step in this regard.”

During a visit to Damascus on Wednesday, Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff of the Iranian Armed Forces Major General Mohammad Hossein Baqeri signed an agreement with Syrian Defense Minister Ali Abdullah Ayoub to strengthen military and defense ties between the two countries.

The accord came less than a month after Washington imposed new sanctions on Syria under the so-called ‘Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act.’

The sanctions act, which came into effect on June 17 six months after being signed into law by US President Donald Trump, targets individuals and businesses anywhere in the world that operate either directly or indirectly in Syria’s economy.

Shaaban denounced the Caesar Act as an illegal measure, whose implementation amounts to a crime against the Syrian nation.

She also noted that the US law enables the continuation of the US-led aggression against Syria and shows the hostility towards the resistance axis.

Syria, she added, will boost cooperation with other member countries of the resistance front and turn to Russia and China.

“As the blockade made the Islamic Republic of Iran stronger, we can also turn the siege into an opportunity to become stronger,” Shaaban said.


USA seeks to drive regime-change by starving the people of Syria


30 June 2020 

By:Reneva Fourie

The United States of America has intensified its economic warfare against the people of Syria. Battered by a 9-year war that resulted in investment and capital flight; and infrastructure and industry destruction, Covid-19 came as a heavy blow to the ailing Syrian economy. The most devastating however has been the ongoing, escalating, illegally imposed USA-driven, and European Union supported, sanctions against Syria. 

Sanctions barring USA-based companies from trading with Syria were imposed in 2004. In 2011 it was extended to include the financial and energy sectors (this while the USA pillages Syrian oil daily; an act that has been designated as illegal under international law and the rules of war, yet there are no repercussions). On Wednesday, June 17, 2020 the sanctions provisions of the USA so-called ‘Caesar’ Civilian Protection Act of 2019, which extends sanctions to all foreign firms or countries that deal with the government of Syria, came into force.

The government of Syria had largely managed to control their weakening currency during the war, despite its domestic challenges. The value of the currency, however, plummeted over the past three weeks in anticipation, and due to the implementation of, the ‘Caesar’ Act.  The Syrian Pound (SYP), which was trading at around SYP 47 (about R ) to the dollar prior to the war, is now, as at end June 2020, hovering around SYP 2 500 to the dollar.

The impact of these sanctions on the quality of life of the Syrian people has been disastrous. According to UNDP data, Syria’s human development index was on the rise between 2000 and 2010.

The IMF outlook for 2010 was as follows, “The outlook for 2010 points to an overall strengthening in economic performance. The ongoing recovery in Syria’s trading partners is expected to contribute to a gradual increase in exports, remittances, and FDI in 2010.” The currency was beginning to appreciate against the dollar. But the gains made during those years were reversed by the war and subsequent sanctions, and the country experienced a drop of nearly 60 percent in GNI per capita from 2010 to 2016.

As political stability in the country increased recently, the economy was once again beginning to show signs of recovery. Sadly, the ‘Caesar’ Act, will cause a major setback.

Syria, home of some of the oldest cities in the world, has a highly sophisticated and cultured populace, who have relatives across the world. Sanctions have compelled them to do much of their banking, particularly that of an international nature, from Lebanon. Most Syrians have relatives in Lebanon due to the historic ties between the two countries.

Traveling between the two countries is a common practice and goods and medication that could not be accessed in Syria due to sanctions, were still obtainable in Lebanon. All that has now come to an abrupt halt.

Covid-19 has made travel across borders difficult; but threats of sanctions against Lebanon, which has its own economic crisis that pre-dates Covid-19, for trading with Syria, will be the final nail in the coffin. Syria is unable to repair the power stations and water infrastructure that was damaged during the war by the West, Israel, Turkey, and insurgents including Isis and al-Qaeda, as they cannot purchase the parts due to sanctions.

Domestic manufacturing of medicines is waning as ingredients cannot be imported. The exemptions around food and medicines touted by the USA and EU are misleading as they apply mostly to areas that remain outside of government control and their “humanitarian aid” in these occupied areas primarily serves to strengthen counter-revolutionary activities.

Exacerbating the cruelty of the general adverse economic impact of sanctions, are the deliberate actions to undermine food security through the regular burning of staple crops by the USA and Turkey-backed mercenaries. For example, Apache helicopters affiliated to the USA occupation forces dropped thermal balloons on barley and wheat crops in a number of villages surrounding al-Shaddadi city, while Turkey-backed mercenaries set fire to a number of wheat and barley fields in Abu Rasin and Tal Tamir towns.

The intention literally is to starve the people of Syria into submission. According to the World Food Programme, as at June 2020, food prices have increased by a staggering 209 percent in the last year, in which most of the increases occurred over the past weeks. This country, where less than 7.5 percent of the population experienced multidimensional poverty in 2009, now has more than 80 percent of its population living below the poverty line, thanks to the USA and its allies. 

The government of Syria has tried to ease the impact of this economic onslaught on its people, who have already suffered tremendous human losses, by broadening access to food parcels, vouchers, subsidised fuel, and government-subsidised grocery shops.  The interventions are however unsustainable. Domestic and international protests calling for the lifting of sanctions in Syria took place regularly over the past two weeks.

But while there have been reports of protests in Syria, almost none of those reports, even from ‘reputable’ entities, state that the protests were AGAINST the USA and its implementation of the Act. The international protests received little coverage.

Sanctions must be lifted. In fact, the USA’s regime-change agenda in Syria must be stopped.

Sanctions are but one aspect of the continued broader regime-change agenda of the USA. The ‘Statement of Policy’ which serves as a preamble to the ‘Caesar’ Act states, “to support a transition to a government in Syria that respects the rule of law, human rights, and peaceful co-existence with its neighbours.”  The last phrase – ‘peaceful co-existence with its neighbours’ – can only refer to Israel, which illegally occupies the Golan and regularly conducts acts of military aggression against Syria.

It must be noted that prior to the war, neither the UNDP nor the IMF made any reference to corruption, maladministration, and human rights abuses in Syria. It became the buzz word when an alleged Syrian military dissenter codenamed Caesar, after whom the USA Act is named, who in 2014 revealed thousands of photographs supposedly depicting torture in Syrian prisons.

An examination of the photos however revealed that it could not be indisputably proven that the injuries depicted in the photographs were indeed inflicted in government prisons.  In fact, the Human Rights Watch found that at least half the photographs depict the bodies of government soldiers killed by the armed opposition.  This confirmed that the opposition is violent and has killed large numbers of Syrian security forces.

The credibility of ‘Caesar’ is highly questionable given the discrepancies in his ‘evidence’ and the USA’s history for fabricating information to suit its interests. Prof Theodore Postol, a respected expert on missile defence and nuclear weapons, who was part of the Joint Investigative Mechanism that investigated allegations of the use of chemical weapons by the Syrian government, disputed the conclusiveness of the allegation. 

Note further that the preamble does not say ‘peaceful transition’, thereby justifying military intervention.  The military situation remains tense despite the cease-fire negotiated between Russia and Turkey in the northwest of the country, as the USA and Turkey continue to reinforce their troops in Syria.

Turkey-backed insurgents and mercenaries continue to engage in motorcycle and car bombs in areas that are outside of the Syrian government’s control.  And Israel regularly invades Lebanese air space to advance missile attacks on the south of Syria.

In addressing the United Nations earlier this month, the Syrian Ambassador, Bashar al-Jaafari stated, “The crimes and practices perpetrated by the governments of those states (the West, Israel and Turkey) rise to the level of war crimes and constitute a violation of the rules of international law and a direct aggression on the sovereignty, safety, independence and territorial integrity of Syria.”

The continued aggression in Syria cannot be delinked from other developments in the region.  The Israeli government continues to persecute the people of Palestine and is determined to forge ahead with implementing the Trump ‘Deal of the Century’. Tension between Lebanon and Israel remains high.  And USA-led sanctions against Iran remain. 

The USA-Israeli-Turkey alliance with their allies continue to seek hegemony in the region, supposedly to reduce the influence of Iran, Russia, and China. Their relentless aggression has however cost this region too many lives.  The people of the region have also suffered too much due to sanctions. Their actions are tantamount to genocide.

As we join the global demand for an end to racism, we should also call for a just and peaceful world. Implementation of this demand begins with a call for all USA troops to exit West Asia, as well as an end to Israeli aggression in the Middle East.

* Reneva Fourie is a policy analyst specialising in governance, development and security and currently resides in Damascus, Syria.She is also a member of the Central Committee of the South African Communist Party.

This article was first published by Independent  Online,South Africa  

Reem Haddad 


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Al-Moallem: Our fight against terrorism is not over and the “Caesar Act” will be a chance for the Syrian people to perk up their economy


Tuesday, 23 June 2020

DAMASCUS, (ST)- Deputy Premier, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates Walid al-Moallem has affirmed that the real goal behind the so-called “Caesar Act” is to open the door for terrorism to return to Syria as in 2011 and to force Syria to give up its alliance with the resistance and accept normalization with Israel.

 In a press conference on Tuesday, al-Moallem said that the statements made by Mike Pompeo and James Jeffery about the so called “Caesar Act” prove that they are all liars because if they wanted the good of the Syrian people they wouldn’t conspire against their livelihood.

He stressed that there are no exceptions in what is termed as the “Caesar Act” and that the Americans are lying when they claim that this Act doesn’t include medicine or medical supplies.

He pointed out that the Syrian people are used to dealing with unilateral sanctions that have been imposed on them since 1978 under several terms.

 The top Syrian diplomat reiterated that this American legislation will be a chance for the Syrian people to perk up their economy, achieve self-sufficiency and deepen cooperation with friends and allies in all domains, noting that Syria’s war on terrorism hasn’t finished yet.

He wondered if the presence of US forces around Syrian oil fields, the burning of wheat fields and the US threat to friendly countries that want to contribute to reconstructing Syria serve the interests of the Syrian people. He said that the US occupation forces are investing in terrorism and this was proved in transporting leaders of Daesh terrorist organizations by their helicopters to Iraq and in supporting Jabhat al-Nusra and the Turkish regime in their acts of aggression on Syria.

“They are definitely lying when they talk about the interests of the Syrian people,” al-Moallem affirmed.

On the political arena, Al-Moallem affirmed Syria’s commitment to the process of finding a political solution to the crisis in the country and its rejection of any American or non-American foreign interference in the work of the constitutional committee, which must be a Syrian-led process away from any foreign interference.

He reiterated that the Syrians will allow no interference in their constitution and will only recognize a national constitution that will serve the interests of the Syrian people.

On the situation in Idlib, al-Moallem said that Syria behaves according to its priorities, available capabilities and in the light of dialogue with its allies, mainly Russia, pointing out that there is a cessation of hostilities in Idlib pursuant to the Sochi Agreement. “When the terrorists don’t abide by the agreement, our heroic armed forces retaliate directly, but this decision is taken by the military leadership,” said al-Moallem, indicating that the Turkish regime invades northern Iraq, transfers mercenaries to Libya for the sake of oil and occupies lands in Syria to revive the Ottoman ambitions.

The Syrian top diplomat clarified that the popular resistance in the areas under the US occupation is normal, but the strange thing is the illusion of some Kurdish groups which think that the United States will continue to support them.

” I want to tell them that there will come a day when they wake up in the morning and will not find the Americans who actually don’t defend the Kurds’ interests in the region, but the interests and security of “Israel”.

On Syria’s relations with its allies, al-Moallem said that ” we are in close alliance with our Russian friends who have offered sacrifices in the fight against terrorism on the Syrian soil. The Russian support for Syria will continue and consultations between the two sides are done on daily basis. Also Iran is a close friend that will always support Syria. As for China, we consider it as an ally with who Syria has continuous dialogue and we are sure that our friends and allies will not leave Syria alone .”

On Palestine, al-Moallem said that Syria continues to support the Palestinian people and their right to return and build their independent state. “

“We don’t recognize the annexation plans of the Israel occupation with regards to the West Bank. Israel should withdraw from all Arab lands that it has occupied,” al-Moallam made it clear.

Al-Moallem asserted that Syria supports the Libyan National Army and institutions as well as the Libyan sovereignty and territorial integrity. He also reiterated Syria’s support for Egypt’s national security.

Hamda Mustafa

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إلى المطبّلين للعقوبات الأميركية على سورية… انتبهوا


جمال محسن العفلق

أخذ ما يسمّى قانون قيصر أكثر من حجمه إعلامياً، وقانون العقوبات هذا ليس بالجديد على نهج من يدير العملية السياسية في أميركا، فسياسة أميركا تقوم على مبدأ القتل والإبادة ولا يهمّ عدد الضحايا وتاريخ أميركا مشبع بالدم والقتل القصد إما عسكرياً أو اقتصادياً، ولم ننسَ بعد مليون طفل عراقي قتلوا خلال الحصار الأميركي للعراق وقبل دخول القوات الغازية بغداد. والدعم اللا محدود لما يسمّى بقوات التحالف العربي الغازية لليمن حيث سجلت الأمم المتحدة قبل ان تغيّر تقاريرها أنّ هناك عشرين مليون يمني مهدّدون بالهلاك بسبب الحصار والقصف الجوي الممنهج على قرى ومدن اليمن، والذي يستهدف المدارس والمشافي وبيوت المدنيين، وهذا كله بدعم أميركي وغرفة عمليات يديرها ضباط من الكيان الصهيوني وأميركا.

كذلك فإنّ ما يحدث في ليبيا هو بغطاء أميركي وعربي هدفه تقسيم ليبيا وإبادة شعبها.

فـ قانون قيصر الذي يطال الشعب السوري لا يمكن تقديمه كما يحب المطبّلين له على أنّ هدفه هو إنقاذ الشعب السوري، بل حقيقته هي إبادة من تبقى من السوريين والذين تراهم الولايات المتحدة أنهم صمدوا مع جيشهم وحكومتهم، فمنذ بداية العدوان الدولي على سورية كان الرهان على انهيار هذا الشعب خلال مده أقصاها ستة أشهر ولكن المفاجأة كانت بصمود السوريين وتكاتف الحلفاء معهم في صدّ العدوان، وفي المقدمة إيران وحزب الله اللذان قدّما دماء من أجل الحفاظ على سورية ودعم صمودها فتحوّلت السياسة الأميركية الى نهج قديم جديد اتجاه سورية وهي سياسة التجويع من أجل الإذلال والخضوع، فما تريده الولايات المتحدة ليس حرية السوريين كما تدّعي لأنها أصلاً لا يحق لها طلب الحرية وهي الغارقة بالعنصرية وجرائم ضدّ الإنسانية! إنما تدمير سورية، فهذا البلد بالنسبة للصهيونية ليس مجرد مساحة جغرافية بل هو عقيدة مقاومة وهذا ما تجده الولايات المتحدة مخالفاً لأهدافها، فوجود الفكر المقاوم لا يتناسب مع ما يسمّى أمن الكيان الصهيوني ومصالح أميركا في المنطقة…

يساعد أميركا في تطبيق هذا القانون الظالم على الشعب السوري كسر الأنظمة العربية لسرية التعامل مع الكيان الصهيوني وانتقالها إلى العلن وبمبرّرات لا ترتقي الى مستوى الهراء، فيخرج علينا من يقول انّ التعاون مع الكيان الصهيوني يأتي في إطار محاربة وباء كورونا، ووقف المدّ الشيعي، وآخر يجد أن الكيان الصهيوني هو صاحب الأرض الأصلي ولا يجب محاربته في وقت هناك من يعيش في الكيان الصهيوني من الصهاينة أنفسهم ويقول نحن نحتلّ هذه الأرض وهي ليست لنا.

أما سورياً فهناك مجموعة العاملين بأمر الدولار ومهمتهم تجميل هذا القانون واعتباره إنجازاً إنسانياً من الطراز الأول، وهؤلاء يقدّمون أنفسهم على أنهم ممثلو الشعب السوري ومعارضة وطنية، فأيّ وطنية هذه التي توافق على إبادة أمة عمرها سبعة آلاف عام؟

نعم إنّ قانون قيصر سيترك آثاراً اقتصادية جمًة، وخصوصاً أنّ سورية ليست بلداً يعيش حياة طبيعية، فصدور مثل هذا القانون على بلد يعيش منذ عشر سنوات حرباً طاحنة ضدّ الإرهاب ليس بالأمر الذي يمكن تجاوزه ببساطة، هذا ما يعتقده أصحاب القانون ومهندسوه الذين لم يفهموا حتى اليوم أنّ سورية منذ عقود محاصره اقتصادياً وفيها ما يكفي من الموارد التي يمكن العبور فيها نفق الحصار الذي سينكسر عاجلاً أم اجلاً.

فأوراق الردّ التي يملكها محور المقاومة كثيره وما زال في الجعبة الكثير والبداية من إدلب التي سيتمّ فيها تقليم ما تبقى من أظافر الجماعات الإرهابية المحمية من أميركا وهناك منطقة شرق الفرات التي سيُجبر الأميركي على الخروج منها، وبأيّ ثمن، فلا يعني تطبيق القانون أننا انتهينا، فالحرب لا تزال مستمرة، ومن استطاع الصمود عشر سنوات لن تصعب علية سنة إضافية ما دام الهدف هو إنقاذ وطن من الضياع والتفكك.

لقد مارست دول العدوان على سورية كلّ أصناف القتال الإعلامي والحربي والاقتصادي ولن يكون بمقدورهم اليوم إنهاء الحرب التي اختاروا هم بدايتها ولكنهم لن يستطيعوا تحديد موعد نهايتها كما يعتقدون.

وفي آخر رسالة واضحة لمحور المقاومة أن من سيقتلنا سنقتله، ولن يكون بعد اليوم أيّ تفاوض مع من يفكر بتجويعنا او قتلنا تحت اسم حقوق الإنسان وتوازن الطوائف والحرية والديمقراطية الأميركية الكاذبة.



Eva Bartlett

As Syria struggles to recover from over a decade of US-imposed conflict, it faces a new deadly threat in the form of sweeping sanctions under the Caesar Act.

by Eva Bartlett, June 19th, 2020, Mint Press News


Wounded Syrian soldiers, Talib Mu’alla (left) & Inad Ahmed (right)

Talib Mu’alla served as a soldier in the Syrian Arab Army before he was wounded in Aleppo in 2014. As he described the multiple shots he took to his body, I thought it remarkable that he survived.

“A shot (bullet) to my chest, a shot to my stomach, three shots in my spine. My chest, stomach, and intestines ruptured, and I lost a kidney. I was also shot in the right side of my face,” he recounted. “I fell into a coma for 25 days, then woke for a few days and fell back into a coma for another 16 or 17 days. It took two years for me to be able to walk again.”Talib was discharged from the army after his injuries and has since joined an auxiliary of the army. “From  2011 until now, I haven’t taken off my uniform. And I won’t take it off until the war is finished,” he said.

The media’s monsters

As a consequence of the war on Syria, there has been immeasurable loss: the destruction of historic places like Palmyra, Maaloula (the ancient Aramaic village northeast of Damascus), Aleppo’s souqs; and the destruction of city districts in the fight against terrorism. Aleppo’s souqs were being carefully restored when I traveled to Syria in March. Yet, there is still much rebuilding to do and thanks to the Caesar Act, that just got harder.

More appalling than the destruction of Syria’s historic places is the human loss, civilian and military alike. Regarding the latter, little concern is meted out by Western press over the deaths and maiming of members of Syria’s national army. On the contrary, the Syrian Arab Army is portrayed in Western media and by Western politicians as murderers and thugs personally belonging to President Assad and not to Syria.

Nothing could be further from the truth, and indeed countless videos and anecdotes of Syrian soldiers putting their lives on the line in order to protect and save civilians from terrorists are available for any who wish to see them. The army is a conscript army but also includes career soldiers and men and women who voluntarily joined in order to defend their country.

Last August, I interviewed the Syrian Arab Army’s Head of Political Administration, General Hassan Hassan. He noted that the Syrian army “includes in each of its formations, soldiers from all Syrian governorates, with no exception.” This defies Western media’s portrayal of the Syrian army as “Assad’s army” or their claims that those fighting “rebels” (terrorists) are only from the Alawi sect. These types of claims are put forth in an attempt to create the illusion that in Syria, it has been President Assad and “his forces” against disenchanted Sunnis, an utterly false claim.[Read: A Syrian Leader Tells His Country’s Story: An Interview with SAA General Hassan Hassan ]

This sectarianism exists largely in the minds of those backing terrorism in Syria, be they Saudi, Turkish, Qatari, or Western leaders.

When I asked General Hassan to speak more on the army, he replied:

The two greatest armies in modern history have failed to achieve what the Syrian Army has accomplished. In Afghanistan, fewer than 10 percent of the number of terrorists in Syria were able to defeat two armies: the Red Soviet Army and the U.S. Army.

But, the Syrian Army defeated such terrorism. The Syrian Army fought battles that can be classified as new in military science. The Syrian Army fought above ground and underground battles in addition to their battles against the media war, intelligence war, information war, economic war, gang and street-to-street wars. Despite all of that, the Syrian Army achieved victory. Therefore, can we imagine the magnitude of the sacrifices made in this respect by the Syrian Army?”

On various trips to and around Syria over the years I’ve encountered Syrian soldiers in hot zones where terrorists linger nearby and in liberated areas, at checkpoints and in hospitals. Many are young, and others are grey-haired, proud to be serving in the defense of their country and citizens.

Palmyra, July 2016
Aleppo, November 2016

Many drive taxis in their off-hours to compensate for the meagr salary they receive, a salary that doesn’t compare to the hefty salaries paid to members of Gulf and Turkish-backed armed militants.

Together, and with the help of Syria’s allies, they staved off some of the most heinous and powerfully-backed terrorists the modern world has known, but at a great price.

The numbers of wounded soldiers, particularly critically-wounded, are not published, so it is hard to gauge just how large their numbers are. However, given that the war on Syria has raged for nearly a decade, with soldiers fighting well-armed terrorists from around the world–terrorists with the backing of the U.S.-led coalition in Syria — the numbers of martyred and maimed can only be tragically-high.

Wounded veterans prepare for life after war

Given that the U.S. government frequently criticizes the government of Syria for not taking care of its citizens, it’s worth reflecting on the shameful manner in which the U.S. neglects its own veterans of war. But in Syria, a myriad of associations work with war-wounded soldiers to provide prosthetic limbs and rehabilitate them after their injuries, giving them life skills to work or start their own businesses.

Jerih al-Watan (The Wounded of the Homeland), is a veteran support program founded in 2014 by the Syrian Presidency with the support of the Syrian Trust For Development and medical experts. The aim of Jerih al-Watan, according to its Facebook page, is “providing adequate care and appropriate rehabilitation to secure a decent life for the wounded,” from the army, popular defense forces, and internal security forces.”

Jerih al-Watan focuses on physical rehabilitation, social and psychological support as well as vocational training for jobs ranging from construction to food production.

The latter is what I saw last week when I traveled to the Qardaha region in northwestern Syria. A region I had not previously visited, Qardaha is a paradise that the average person may not associate with Syria, as many mistakenly imagine the country to be all desert. It is not, of course.

Traveling a familiar route from Damascus to the coast, I passed rows of greenhouses and the citrus and banana trees that are prevalent in the Tartous and Latakia region and finally moved up along a road lined with pine trees and wildflowers, winding up through the mountainous hills of Qardaha. Photos of martyred soldiers appeared when passing through Qardaha itself, as they do all over Syria.

I reached the training point, where, in the evening, a gorgeous pink sunset descended over the layered hills, the sea in the distance.


Soldiers were receiving training in the skills of cheese and yogurt making, staples of the Syrian diet. They were first shown how to make the products, then had a hand at making them themselves. The final results were the delicious spice-colored yogurt balls and black-sesame-laden cheeses that are ubiquitous in Syria’s restaurants.


With these skills, the soldiers are able to start a small enterprise and support their families.

In between training sessions, wounded soldiers sat chatting in the shade. With their permission, I spoke with some of them about their injuries and feelings about having served in the army. With injuries ranging from vision and speech impairments to difficulties walking or loss of hands, I was struck by the graceful confidence of the injured soldiers.


Instead of wallowing in their injuries, they looked to future prospects, improving their knowledge to improve their lives.

A reservist in the army, Ayet Yusef was wounded in 2013 while serving in Aleppo. “We were attacked at 2 am by armed terrorist gangs. A clash occurred, during which I was wounded by shrapnel in my left eye. I lost sight in that eye. But after treatment, it is now fine.” Yusef, like most wounded soldiers I’ve met, is proud of having served, and even prouder of his injury. “We raise our heads to the sky. We were in the Syrian Arab Army and that is an honor for us. And if they now asked me to serve again, no problem,” he said.

Another soldier, 30-year-old Du’a Ijna, had difficulty speaking as he explained how he was injured in 2011. “We were on patrol in Khan Sheikhoun (Idlib),” he recalled, “A terrorist group attacked and I was wounded by shrapnel to my brain. That affected my hands, legs, and speech. I was paralyzed for a month and a half, but after physiotherapy, it got a little better.”

Jaafar Badran was injured in 2016 while serving in Aleppo. His injury left him without his right hand or left leg. “We resisted the terrorism, and there will be martyrs and wounded among us, and that’s okay. What matters is the country returns to stability.”

Inad Ahmed was injured while serving in Tulul al-Himr, al-Qunaytra. “I was shot in my spinal column, and for three years I couldn’t walk.” Ahmed now walks with a severe limp but speaks with a smile. “I have to be optimistic about what I’m going through and keep looking ahead. What happened happened.”

Just beyond the training location, a beautiful sunset burst out and I thought about the many wounded soldiers, some whose lives were disrupted forever, others who overcame major injuries to the point they could walk, or at least hobble, again. They were all gracious. Some on the shy side, others — including men whose injuries were the worst — gregarious and humorous. Spending time with them was humbling, but also reaffirmed what I already knew about the army: they are some of the most courageous people I’ve met and those who write lies about them should hang their heads in shame for being so far from the truth.


Post-training photo of the group of soldiers who received vocational training. Photo | Eva Bartlett

Initiatives like this, teaching and encouraging economic self-reliance, are more critically-important than ever these days in Syria. After over nine years of war and relentless sanctions on the country, Syria’s economy is as shattered as the cities formerly occupied by terrorist groups. Neither would be devastated had the U.S. and allies not launched its clandestine war against Syria, but they did, and the economic war on Syria will only worsen.

The Syrian Trust, a nonprofit national development organization headed by the first lady of Syria, has been quietly helping soldiers with rehabilitation and prosthetics as well as giving them training, even supplying machinery and other equipment needed for small businesses.

In November 2016, after having visited Aleppo for the fourth time just weeks before the city was finally liberated from the array of terrorist gangs occupying its eastern and southern regions, freeing the people of the hell on earth they’d endured for years — I was back in Damascus and visited the Hamish Hospital in Barzeh, where Jarih al-Watan was manufacturing prosthetic limbs performing physiotherapy for wounded soldiers.

There, I saw many soldiers going through differing degrees of physiotherapy and rehabilitation after having been injured. Many were without one or both legs, others missing hands and arms.

I met Ali, a 30-year-old soldier who lost both his legs in a mine blast a year prior on the Khanasser road to Aleppo. The first time I went to Aleppo in July, the taxi driver told me that Da’esh (ISIS) routinely creeps onto the road at night to lay mines and the SAA in the morning has to clear them so the road is safe for civilians and transport trucks.

Ali was a slight young man, and emblematic of the stoic, strong nature of Syrians fighting this war against terror and for their country. Ten days after losing his lower legs, Ali was walking on artificial ones. When I met him, he was finishing physiotherapy and wants to go back to defending Syria.

I am discharged from the army but I want to go back. We want this war to be over.”

He isn’t the only gravely wounded soldier I’ve met who wanted to return to service. In May 2018, Syrian soldier and incredible photographer Wassim Issa was gravely injured in a terrorist landmine blast that blew off both his lower legs and left him in a coma for two days. When I visited him in the hospital three days after his injury, he was sitting up in bed wearing a huge smile at my visit. Although I already knew him to be a courageous and gentle man, I was surprised at how upbeat he was, having just escaped death and lost his ability to walk.

In subsequent visits over the years, Wassim maintained his positivity that he would walk again. Indeed, by October 2018 Wassim had been fitted with prosthetic limbs and done the needed physio in order to walk again.

On one of my visits, he told me: “I don’t need money, I don’t need a house, I just need peace for my country.”49115126_10161491800425651_446505113624772608_n

A screenshot from a news report shows Wassim Issa in January 2019 via the Facebook page, “Here Lattakia

I met Captain Ali, a Syrian pilot and soldier who was injured five times (more, actually, but he only counts the major injuries), several times in Latakia in July and August of 2016. He was shot by a sniper, the bullet going through his arm, sniped through his hip, shot in his head (requiring 26 stitches), received shrapnel in his chest, and finally lost his left leg to a Da’esh suicide bomber.

Captain Ali was awarded the Russian Medal of courage for his work in the Latakia countryside. He also had stories of the helicopter he was flying being hit on three different occasions but not being downed.

His personality was a mixture of humility, confidence, humour.

Captain Ali in Latakia hospital, 2016

*Meeting with Captain Ali in a Latakia hospital in 2016. Photo | Eva Bartlett

And in Aleppo this past March, I met Ahmed Abo Alkef, 29, in then recently-liberated al-Zahra’a, Aleppo. Alkef joined the army in June 2010 and was close to fulfilling his conscription service when he was shot in the head by a terrorist sniper, leaving him in a coma for several months.

He is now paralyzed on one side of his body, the bullet still in his skull. Like other soldiers I’ve spoken with, Alkef without hesitation to my question replied he is proud of serving in the army and proud of his injury, life-shattering as it is.


Ahmed Abo Alkef, half-paralyzed by his injury after being sniped to his head.

In the Barzeh Center physiotherapy training hall, Ali walked with a young man who appeared to be around the same age, also missing his lower legs.

At the prosthetics factory, the Director, Dr. Yousef Sarraj, stressed that in his experience 25 percent of those patients they treat request artificial limbs specifically with the intent of returning to the battlefront to defend Syria, including the ten officers who are currently waiting for limbs so they return to the battlefront.

While there, the power briefly went out and roughly 20 seconds later, the generators kicked in. Dr. Sarraj noted: “We can overcome problems of power, but we can’t overcome the problem of getting raw materials for the prosthetics.”

Unsurprisingly, Western sanctions on Syria include prohibiting key materials needed in prosthetic limbs manufacturing, including (among many things) resin, the primary material used in the manufacture. According to Dr. Sarraj, to acquire 100 kg of resin would take around one year.

Meeting the needs of sanctions-ravaged Syrians

In addition to its work with injured soldiers, the Syrian Trust For Development also focuses on providing micro-credit, assisting disabled Syrians, supporting children with cancer, rural development, supporting families of missing persons, supporting victims of sexual violence, culture, and heritage, and children’s and women’s issues.

In October 2016, I visited a community center in Barzeh, Damascus, supported by the Syrian Trust. The community center manager, Ahmad al-Khodr told me the center had opened in 2015 and served a diverse community.

“There is a lot of political and religious diversity here in Barzeh, as many people from all over Syria left their homes, due to the war, and settled here in Barzeh. In this community center, you’ll see a small glimpse of Syrian communities around the country. Every day there are more than 400 beneficiaries here, between children, men, and women.

Barzeh and nearby Aysh al-Warwar had big battles. The FSA (Free Syrian Army) was there for a long time. In 2014, there was reconciliation here between the Syrian army and the FSA. This community center is very near the region under truce. So this place is more diverse than other regions of Damascus (in terms of political leanings).”

He explained the Trust’s approach to assisting those in need:

We study the cases to know what are the needs of the people here. We visit their houses. We don’t implement any plan without knowing what is needed and knowing that the plan will meet their needs.

We have a law department which, among other things, helps people who have lost their identity papers during the war.”

Vocational training is offered at the center, including teaching women to sew and men to paint homes.

Sewing training at Barzeh community centre

We also support them with courses on how they can start their own businesses, how to market their products and business. After the workshop we provide them money to start their own businesses, some are loans and others they don’t need to repay. After the courses, we connect the beneficiaries with factories or places of work. And others start their own small businesses.”

Khodr explained that psychological support is offered to women whose husbands were martyred or kidnapped by the FSA or other terrorist groups and to victims of domestic violence. “We teach them to know their rights,” he said.

Children also received psychological support, and for children who have left school because of the war, the Trust gives them special classes to get caught up enough to return to schools.

“This applies to children up to baccalaureate level. We also have classes for people who never studied, elderly who don’t know how to write or read. They receive a certificate from the Syrian government.”

I asked about the women whose husbands might have been members of the FSA or other terrorist groups. “Aren’t you worried that the women will earn money and give it to their husband, to the fighters?”

Khoder replied, “The people who live here are very poor, very in need. They want to live, eat, sleep in peace, they won’t be giving their money to fighters, they need it simply to live. Here we work with beneficiaries as people, not numbers. Other NGOs (UN etc) you’ll see them working in high-class clothing. Here we work with them as brothers and sisters. We work with them whatever their religious or political view. We work with them as humans. They are our brothers and sisters in Syria.”

This last point, about how the Trust deals with those it helps, I saw for myself when Trust employees were talking with the injured soldiers receiving vocational training. They indeed took an interest in the soldiers’ lives, engaging with them as fellow Syrians, to the point that when it was learned that it was the one year birthday of a soldier’s daughter, a cake was procured and we visited the family.

Over the tabbouleh and kibbeh the family offered, as the birthday girl wobbled around the room charming all, the grandfather, himself having served many years in the army, spoke with pride about his wounded son’s service. The personal insights gleaned from conversations and from seeing the state of homes helps the Trust to assess their needs, even needs not mentioned by recipients themselves.

More misery from the West: increased sanctions

In 2020, it’s no secret, and no longer debatable, that the misery Syria’s people have faced for almost a decade—the relentless, savage, terrorism of civilians and military alike—is a product of Western, particularly American, covert and overt meddling.

Western countries use forums like the United Nations as well as government-funded media to further their goals and distort the reality about events on the ground in Syria. The West supports terrorist gangs who have slaughtered and pillaged since the war on Syria started in 2011. In fact, the West and its Gulf allies instigated the non-revolution, flooding money and weapons into Syria before the first protests even emerged.

AsI wrote in 2015:

In 2002, then-Under Secretary of State John Bolton added Syria (and Libya, Cuba) to the “rogue states” of George W Bush’s “Axis of Evil,”…meaning Syria was on the list of countries to “bring democracy to” (aka destroy) even back then.

Anthony Cartalucci’s “U.S. Planned Syrian Civilian Catastrophe Since 2007” laid out a number of pivotal statements and events regarding not only the war on Syria but also the events which would be falsely-dubbed the “Arab Spring.” Points include:

  • General Wesley Clark’s revelation of U.S. plans to destroy the governments of Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, and Iran.
  • Seymour Hersh’s 2007 “The Redirection” on NATO and allies’ arming and training of sectarian extremists to create sectarian divide in Lebanon, Syria and beyond.

The 2009 Brookings Institution report, “Which Path to Persia?,” on plans to weaken Syria and Lebanon, to later attack Iran.

Further, asreported:

  • U.S. funding to the Syrian opposition began flowing under the Bush administration in 2005.
  • Since its founding in October 2011, the Syrian National Council has received $20.4 million from Libya, $15 million from Qatar, $5 million from the UAE.

Former French Minister for Foreign Affairs, Roland Dumas, in aJune 2013 TV interview spoke of his meeting (two years prior) with British officials who confessed that:

Britain was organizing an invasion of rebels into Syria. This operation goes way back. It was prepared, preconceived and planned….”

The Caesar Act

The recent passage of the Caesar Act is the newest level of criminality targeting Syria, even the name of the act is based on a lie. An implementation of yet further brutal sanctions against the people of Syria, it will cause immense suffering, all under the premise of targeting Syria’s leadership and helping Syria’s people. The flawed and hypocritical logic is one which the U.S. has applied to tens of nations who have refused to cower to its hegemony.

Even U.S. envoy for Syria James Jeffrey has acknowledged America’s intentional destruction of Syria’s economy, allegedly stating recently that the sanctions, “contributed to the collapse of the value of the Syrian pound… the Syrian regime is no longer able to manage an effective economic policy… due to the economic crisis that is also affecting Lebanon. ”

In the same statement, Jeffrey claimed the sanctions will “protect” Syrians, a comment far from reality.

Recall that after the sanctions-induced murder of between one million-one and a half million civilians in Iraq, the Western narrative of sanctions as merely targeting leaders of nations has long been exposed for the malevolent lie that it is.

The website Sanctions Kill notes that “Sanctions are imposed by the United States and its junior partners against countries that resist their agendas. They are a weapon of Economic War, resulting in chronic shortages of basic necessities, economic dislocation, chaotic hyperinflation, artificial famines, disease, and poverty. In every country, the poorest and the weakest – infants, children, the chronically ill and the elderly – suffer the worst impact of sanctions.”

In Venezuela, sanctions led to the deaths of 40,000 Venezuelans in 2018 alone.

Heavily-sanctioned for years, Syria faces the same risks.

As Syrian-American activist, Johnny Achi, told me:

The sanctions on Syria have been imposed since I could remember. Firstly in 1979, when the U.S. first designated Syria as a state sponsor of terrorism for its roll in support of the PLO and the Palestinian cause.

‏In 2004, a new set of sanctions was imposed by Bush the son after the U.S. invasion of Iraq, and after Syria refusing to kneel to the demands of the new world order.

Since the so-called “uprisings” began in March 2011, the Obama administration intensely pursued calibrated sanctions to deprive the Syrian government of the resources it needs to quell the terror and violence inflicted on the Syrian population by Obama’s supported Nusra and ISIS terror groups, and to pressure the Syrian president to give in and resign, “to allow for a democratic transition as the Syrian people demand.” Which could not be further away from the truth, since President Assad, by most Western reports, continued to enjoy no less than 70% popularity amongst all Syrians.

All these sanctions up to the new Caesar Act were bearable since Syria has always pride itself of being self-sufficient economically and never needed help from the international community, and refused to be in debt to the IMF or the World Bank.

The Caesar Act of 2019 came in direct response to the series of victories by the Syrian Army against terrorists across the whole country, setting the stage to the final battle of Idlib, the terrorists’ final hotbed.”

Under the sanctions levied by the Caesar Act, Syria cannot import vital medications or the materials to produce them, including for cancer, hypertension, and other critical ailments. Sanctioning Syria’s ability to import medicines, medical equipment, and among many other things, materials for rebuilding, is criminal and an act of terrorism.

As I wrote in a December 2019 editorial for RT:

When I was in Syria last October, a man told me his wife had been diagnosed with breast cancer, but because of the sanctions he couldn’t get her the conventional treatments most in the West would avail of.

In 2016, in Aleppo, before it was liberated of al-Qaeda and co, Dr. Nabil Antaki told me how –because of the sanctions– it had taken him well over a year to get a simple part for his gastroenterology practise.

In 2015, visiting Damascus’ University Hospital, where bed after bed was occupied by a child maimed by terrorists’ shelling (from Ghouta), a nurse told me:

“We have so many difficulties to ensure that we have antibiotics, specialized medicines, maintenance of the equipment… Because of the sanctions, many parts are not available, we have difficulties obtaining them.

In 2018, Syria’s Minister of Health told me that Syria had formerly been dubbed by the World Health Organization a “pioneer state” in providing health care.

“Syria had 60 pharmaceutical factories and was exporting medicine to 58 countries. Now, 16 of these factories are out of service. Terrorists partially or fully destroyed 46 hospitals and 620 medical centers,” he told me.

I asked the minister about the complex in Barzeh, targeted with missile strikes by the U.S. and its allies in April 2018. It turns out that it was part of the Ministry of Health and manufactured cancer treatment medications as well as antidotes for snake or scorpion bites and stings, the antidote also serving as a basic material in the manufacture of many other medicines.

Syrian-American doctor Hussam al-Samman told me about his efforts to send chemotherapy medications to Syria for cancer patients in remission. He jumped through the various hoops of America’s unforgiving bureaucracy to no avail. It was never possible in the first place.

We managed to get a meeting in the White House. We met Rob Malley, a top-notch assistant or adviser of Obama at that time. I asked them: ‘How in the world could your heart let you block chemotherapy from going to people with cancer in Syria?’

The U.S. and allied Western countries imposing the sanctions on Syria should be imprisoned for their crimes against humanity and their support of terrorism in Syria. Yet, there is never justice and the criminals run the show.

Fares Shehabi, a Syrian member of Parliament from Aleppo, highlighted the attack on his country’s economy in 2011:

…when EU backed “rebels” began a systematic campaign of burning & looting thousands of factories in Aleppo, including my own!” The EU, he continued, “sanctioned the Syrian economy to make things worse for our people!”

The latest round of sanctions against Syria, which came into effect on June 17, will target not only the people but also Syria’s ability to rebuild the country. This includes rebuilding the city of Raqqa, utterly destroyed by the U.S.-led coalition in Syria, whose presence is in violation of international law and of Syria’s sovereignty.

“Sanctions Kill” also notes, that, “Currencies are devalued and inflated when sanctions are levied. Countries are pressured to stop doing business with targeted countries. The first sectors affected are generally medicines, cost of food, power, water treatment and other essential human needs. Sanctions violate international law, the UN charter, Geneva and Nuremberg conventions because they target civilians by economic strangulation, creating famines, life threatening shortages, and economic chaos.”

According to the World Food Program, “7.9 million Syrians are food insecure – an increase of 22 percent in just one year. Syria is in the grip of a severe economic crisis, and this is driving levels of food insecurity. Rising food and fuel prices and a depreciating informal exchange rate are making it more difficult for families to access the food they need.”

This is precisely what is occurring in Syria, which, with the help of its allies, is attempting to rebuild. US sanctions will hinder the rebuilding process.

The other day I was chatting with a college student, Naji Kaskas, about how this new round of heightened sanctions affects him. He said:

I started working this year, my savings are in Syrian pounds. Now, they’ve lost half their value, or more. This Caesar Act, what it already has done to us is to contribute to the collapse of the Syrian currency.

We’re unable to buy food like chicken and meat, now, they’re way too expensive. Even milk. We’re not living a normal life, we have anxiety because our future is not stable.

Before, 500 Syrian pounds were equal to US$1 (Note: before 2011 it was around 50 Syrian pounds to the dollar). Now, it has reached 3,000 Syrian pounds, so our salaries are much less now.”

Jordanian political figures denounced the heightened sanctions appropriately as “economic terrorism”, calling them “one of the most dangerous types of crimes against humanity.”

Syrian-American activist Johnny Achi has been back to Syria countless times during the war, including since early 2011. He has seen the effects of the war and also the effects of the sanctions. He told me:

These final sanctions have broken the back of Syrians, whom after 10 years of war are exhausted, resources depleted, and simply put, were looking forward to the rebuilding process and the economic recovery. And that is precisely what these sanctions are meant to stop. Any country, or entity that attempts to help Syria gets back on its feet, will too become a target of the brutal US sanctions.

In a nutshell, what they could not take from us by force, they’re trying to take by punishing and starving an entire population.

But we will always remain resisting. After all that we’ve been through, and all the sacrifices we paid, we have no choice but to continue to live free or die free.”

Indeed, the people of Syria are fighting for their country, families and future, at great personal expense. Meanwhile, the US does everything in its power to destroy their future, country and livelihoods.

Who is really the terrorist state here?

اللجنة الفلسطينيّة للدفاع عن سورية تشكر بوتين السفير الروسيّ: سنزيد دعم ‏دمشق لمواجهة «قيصر»‏ وسأشارك معكم في تظاهرة ‏أريحا ضدّ الضمّ


شكلّت اللجنة الشعبية للدفاع عن سورية في فلسطين المحتلة، وفداً شعبياً ورسمياً، ضمّ رموزاً في الحركة الوطنية الفلسطينية والحركة الأسيرة والحراك الشبابي، شملت شخصيات مناضلة، من الداخل المحتلّ عام 48 ومن القدس المحتلة والضفة الغربية، لزيارة السفارة الروسية في رام الله، لتجديد الشكر لجمهورية روسيا الاتحادية، على مواقفها التاريخية والإنسانية الثابتة إزاء الحق الوطني الفلسطيني والحق الوطني السوري، لا سيما في ظلّ التحدي الكبير الذي يواجهه السوريون والفلسطينيون تحت جرم «قانونين» صهيوأميركيين، (قيصر) في سورية و(الضمّ) في الضفة الغربية.

(التتمة ص8)

وقدّم القيادي الفلسطيني عباس زكي، صورة كاملة عن مجمل الأوضاع الفلسطينية، وكيفية مواجهة قانون الضمّ، كما تحدث عن أهمية الدعم الروسي لسورية لتعزيز صمودها أمام المشاريع الصهيوأميركية التدميرية، وشدّد على أهمية الوحدة الوطنية التي بدونها لا يمكن أن يتخلص الشعب الفلسطيني من محتله، وأكد أهمية الموقف الروسي الداعم للحق الفلسطيني والسوري.

وقال زكي: انّ الشعب الفلسطيني تجاوز قيادته لأنه أكبر منها، وهدا الشعب الجبار يستحق كلّ أشكال الدعم، ونتمنّى أن تكون مظاهرة أريحا غداً الاثنين (اليوم) نقطة فاصلة للحراك الشعبي الفلسطيني، للتعرّف على قوّته وحجمه.

وشرح مدير مركز القدس للاستشارات الاقتصادية والاجتماعية، والقيادي في هيئة العمل الوطني في القدس، وعضو اللجنة الشعبية زياد الحموري، ظروف القدس المحتلة والمقدسيّين في ظلّ سياسة التهويد، وشرح بإسهاب بعض المشاريع الأخيرة التي تنفذها دولة الاحتلال في القدس للفصل بين أحيائها العربية وتشتيت التواصل بينها، وأشار بالتفصيل إلى سياسة إفقار أهل المدينة الأصليين، وأهمية دعم صمودهم وإفشال المخططات الاستعمارية المجرمة، مؤكداً أنها ذاتها أهداف المحتلّ وسيده الأميركي، في دمشق وكلّ سورية.

وتحدّث حسين أبو خضير، والد شهيد فجر القدس محمد أبو خضير، عن طريقة إحراق نجله البطل محمد وهو حي، من قبل مستوطني المحتلّ النازيين، وأشار إلى أهمية فضح الوجه النازي لدولة الاحتلال، وتعريته أمام العالم الحر والضمير الإنساني، ولفت إلى أهمية دعم الصمود السوري في مواجهة المخططات الصهيونية والأميركية، لأنّ سورية هي الداعم الحقيقي لمقاومة الشعب الفلسطيني المشروعة.

وأكد منير منصور، رئيس الحركة الأسيرة في الأراضي المحتلة عام 48، انّ الدعم الروسي للسوريين والفلسطينيين، هو مصلحة روسية الى جانب مصلحة الشعب الفلسطيني الوطنية والقومية، لأنّ إفشال المخططات الأميركية هو مصلحة عليا للإنسانية جمعاء، وأكد أنّ الرهان يكون أولاً على أصحاب الأرض والأوطان المهدّدة، لكن الشعوب المظلومة، في عوز لحلفائها المخلصين. وأضاف منصور أنّ مناضلي شعبنا الاحرار ينظرون الى روسيا نظرة المتعلّق بالأمل، كما نظرة الشعب الفلسطيني الى حلفائنا الأوفياء والحقيقيين، ويحق للشعب المناضل أن يتأمل خيراً بدولة عظمى كروسيا نحترمها ونقدّرها.

ونوّه طاهر سيف، عضو المكتب السياسي لحركة أبناء البلد في المحتلّ 48، الى ضرورة ان تعرف روسيا، كذب دولة الاحتلال، وان تطلع عبر الهيئات الفلسطينية على ما تقوم به تفصيلاً على الأرض، ليس فقط في الضفة والقدس بل في الأرض المحتلّة عام 48 أيضاً، وهذا الاطلاع من قبل سفارة روسيا في فلسطين، سيضيف الكثير من المعلومات في جعبة روسيا عن الوجه الحقيقي لدولة الاحتلال.

من جهته أعرب السفير الروسي د. غوتشا بواتشيدزة عن سعادته البالغة بلقاء الوفد، وإصراره على هذا اللقاء رغم تعليمات وزارة الصحة الروسية بعدم الاجتماع بعدد كبير من الأشخاص، بسبب فيروس «كورونا»، وقال:

صمود الشعب الفلسطيني ووحدته أمر يهمّ روسيا بكلّ مؤسّساتها، ونحن نعمل بقوة على وحدة الشعب الفلسطيني، ونحن ندعم الصمود الفلسطيني في القدس والضفة قولاً وفعلاً، حتى صمود المسجد الأقصى ندعمه وكنت في زيارة خاطفة الى المسجد منذ فترة قصيرة، وسوف أتوجه غداً الاثنين (اليوم) الى المظاهرة الفلسطينية في أريحا، ولن نتخلى عن الشعب الفلسطيني.

وفي الشأن السوري، أكد السفير بواتشيدزة أنّ روسيا بلد مسالم تاريخياً، لم تعتد على ايّ دولة ولا احتلت أي دولة، وتدخلها في بعض الدول كسورية هو تدخل شرعي، لأنه بطلب من قيادة الدولة الشرعية لحفظ أمنها واستقرارها، من مشاريع تفتيتها وتجزئتها، التي باتت واضحة. وفي سورية جيش قوي على الأرض يحتضنه الشعب السوري، ما شجع التدخل الروسي، لمساعدته في حماية وطنه.

وحول قانون قيصر قال السفير إنّ الدعم الروسي لسورية لن يتراجع بل سيزداد، ورحب بشدة برسالة اللجنة الشعبية الموجهة للرئيس بوتين، وقال: رسالتكم محلّ اهتمامنا واهتمام قيادتنا، وسوف تصل للرئيس بوتين بأسرع وقت ممكن، وكونوا على ثقة بأنّ روسيا لن تخذلكم.

وشارك في الوفد: الناشط البارز في الحراك الشبابي محمد قادري، وعضو المكتب السياسي لحزب الشعب الفلسطيني فدوى خضر، وسهى أبو خضير، والدة شهيد فجر القدس.

وفي نهاية اللقاء، قدّم الوفد درعاً رمزية للسفير باسم اللجنة الشعبية للدفاع عن سورية.

وفي ما يلي النص الكامل لرسالة اللجنة الموجهة إلى الرئيس بوتين :

«فخامة رئيس جمهورية روسيا الاتحادية العظيمة

الرئيس فلاديمير بوتين الموقّر

تحية الكفاح والثورة، من الشعب الفلسطيني، إلى فخامتكم ومكانتكم الرفيعة

بفخرٍ واعتزازٍ شديدين، نتوجه إلى فخامتكم، بأسمى آيات التقدير، على الموقف التاريخي والإنساني الثابت، لجمهورية روسيا الاتحادية العظيمة،، إزاء الحق الوطني الفلسطيني المُشرّع، والحق الوطني السوري الشرعي، في مواجهة القوانين الإمبريالية الأميركية، والصهيونية النازية، آخرها، (قانون قيصر) في سورية الشقيقة، و(قانون الضم) في فلسطين المحتلة، وهو أحد مشاريع (صفقة القرن).

إننا في اللجنة الشعبية للدفاع عن سورية في فلسطين – طلاباً، كادحين، مثقفين، مناضلين، ومسؤولين – نهيب بفخامتكم، مواصلة دعم قضايانا العادلة، ونصرة شعبيْنا المظلوميْن، في فلسطين وسورية، أمام الأطماع الأميركية والصهيونية، تلك الأطماع الرامية، إلى التخلّص من القضية الفلسطينية، وإسقاط الدولة السورية الوطنية الشرعية، المتمثّلة بفخامة الرئيس بشار الأسد، لتعجيل التخلّص من القضية الفلسطينية، ولتسريع تحقيق مآرب الإمبريالية الأميركية والصهيونية، في منطقة الشرق الأوسط.

فخامة الرئيس المفدّى بوتين، الذي نجلّه ونحبّه

إنّ التواصل الوطني الفلسطيني، مع السفارات الروسية في فلسطين المحتلة، لم ينقطع منذ تسعة أعوامٍ مضت، وسنستمرّ في هذا التواصل الرائع، ريثما يتحقق النصر السوري فالفلسطيني.

ونحن ندرك أن فخامتكم، هو الرهان الأول والأساس، على صمود وإرادة الشعبيْن السوري والفلسطيني الصامديْن، في وجه التحدّيات الراهنة والقاسية، لكننا، نحتاج حلفاءنا التاريخيين المخلصين لدعم صمودنا، لا سيما، دعم صمود شعبنا في سورية، في التصدّي لِـ (قانون قيصر) الجائر والظالم، بحق الشعب والدولة على السواء.

فخامة الرئيس فلاديمير بوتين

نحن في فلسطين، قوى وطنية ونضالية، تنضوي تحت راية اللجنة الشعبية للدفاع عن سورية، نستبشر بفخامتكم وعدلكم وشجاعتكم وإنسانيتكم خيراً.

نرجو لجمهورية روسيا الاتحادية العظيمة، ولفخامتكم، دوام التقدّم والقوة والازدهار، ودوام التميّز، ومحبة شعوب الأرض المظلومة والمناضلة لكم».

عامر التل: سورية وحلفاؤها سيفاجئون العالم‎ ‎بانتصارهم مجدّداً في مواجهة «قيصر» أميركا


اعتبر رئيس تحرير شبكة «الوحدة» الإخبارية في الأردن عامر التل انّ هزيمة الولايات المتحدة الأميركية وحلفائها العدو الصهيوني وبعض الأنظمة العربية والعثمانيين في سورية والعجز عن تحقيق أهداف المشروع التفتيتي الذي وضعوه لسورية، دفعهم الى إرهاب من نوع آخر وهو الإرهاب الاقتصادي من خلال ما يُسمّى قانون قيصر.

وأكد التل في تصريحات صحافية انّ هذا التوحش الأميركي يؤكد مرة جديدة سقوط الولايات المتحدة من عالم الإنسانية، وأنها باتت إلى جانب العدو الصهيوني العنصري الاستيطاني الإرهابي، العدو الأول للإنسانية جمعاء، لأنها من خلال هذا التوحّش تتعمّد تجويع وقتل شعب بأكمله، بحجج واهية لا علاقة للإنسانية وكلّ القوانين والمواثيق الدولية.

وقال: انّ التداعيات السلبية لهذا الإرهاب الاقتصادي لن تقتصر على سورية فقط وإنما ستمتدّ لتشمل حلفاء سورية والمشرق برمته وخاصة الأردن الذي يعاني من أزمات اقتصادية متلاحقة.

واشار الى انّ حجم التبادل التجاري في الأشهر الأولى لفتح الحدود بين البلدين يبيّن انّ الأردن صدّر الى سورية بـ 30 مليون دولار مقابل استيراد الأردن من سورية بـ 19 مليون دولار ما يؤكد انّ الأردن سيتضرّر في حال الالتزام بما يسمّى قانون قيصر.

ودعا الى تشكيل مجلس التعاون الاقتصادي المشرقي ليشمل الأردن وسورية والعراق ولبنان لمواجهة هذا الإرهاب الأميركي .

وأشار إلى أنّ الكاوبوي الأميركي لم يقف عند حدّ معاقبة خصومه، فهو يهدّد بالعقوبات لحليف أميركا دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة في حال استمرارها بالانفتاح على دمشق .

وأكد انّ سورية وحلفاءها سيفاجئون العالم بخطة اقتصادية سياسية تتضمّن الحلول لكلّ المشاكل التي تعاني منها سورية وستظهر نتائجها الإيجابية ويلمسها الشعب السوري قريباً بحيث يشعر بها المواطن السوري قريباً.

ولفت إلى أنّ الشعب السوري الذي علّم البشرية أبجدية الحرف سيعلّم العالم مرة جديدة كيفية التصدّي لهذا الإرهاب الأميركي المستجدّ، كما علّم العالم كيفية الصمود والتصدي للعصابات التكفيرية، ها هو يحقق الانتصارات المتتتالية على صهاينة الداخل والخارج.

وأعرب التل عن ثقته بحكمة الرئيس بشار الأسد والقيادة السورية وشعبنا في سورية والجيش السوري البطل قاهر الإرهاب ومعهم حلفاء سورية على التصدي على هذا التوحش الأميركي وهزيمته كما هزموا الإرهاب التكفيري قبله، وانهم لن يسمحوا بتحقيق ما عجزت عن تحقيقه في حربها الكونية عليها.

قانون قيصر.. لا تتركوا سورية وحدها!‏

د. عدنان منصور

قبل أن تبدأ الولايات المتحدة بتطبيق قانون «قيصرها» بحق سورية، ثمة أحداث وإجراءات حصلت على الساحة السورية ـ اللبنانية، قبل فترة وجيزة من الموعد المحدّد لبدء تطبيقه يوم 17 حزيران، لتطرح تساؤلات، وتثير علامات استفهام عديدة، كان لا بدّ من التوقف عندها، ونحن في مواجهة ما تضمره وتبيّته واشنطن حيال الدولتين التوأمين سورية ولبنان بشكل خاص، ولدول المنطقة والعالم بشكل عام.

لعلّ ما شاهدناه من تطورات في الأسابيع الأخيرة، ليدفعنا الى تسجيل بعض المواقف والحوادث والتطورات، على الساحتين السورية واللبنانية التي تصبّ في خدمة قانون قيصر، الذي يمعن في الضغوط على النظام، ويشدّد الخناق الاقتصادي والمالي والتجاري على سورية، وعلى مَن يتعاطى معها من دول المنطقة والعالم، بعد سريان مفعول القانون الظالم، الذي به تريد الولايات المتحدة، توجيه ضربات قاتلة لاقتصاد سورية وإنتاجها القومي، وايضاً، لمن يحاول أن يتجاوزه أو يتعاون مع النظام. ولعل الأحداث والتطورات الأخيرة، تدفع بالمراقب المتابع لها، إلى تسليط الضوء على أمور عدة أبرزها:


ـ لقد شهدت سورية مع اقتراب موسم حصاد القمح، سلسلة من الحرائق التي اندلعت بفعل فاعل، ولم تكن صدفة، حيث التهمت النيران مساحات واسعة من الأراضي المزروعة بالقمح، وهو الغذاء الاستراتيجي الذي تعتمد عليه سورية، والتي آثرت منذ عهد الرئيس الراحل حافظ الأسد، تحقيق الاكتفاء الذاتي منه، ليجنّبها مستقبلاً اللجوء الى الدول المصدّرة له، ويبعدها بالتالي عن الابتزاز السياسي من قبل بعض المصدّرين له.

هذه الحرائق المتعمّدة من قبل مجموعات داخلية إرهابية، ومعارضة، والتي تنسّق مع جهات خارجية، تستهدف ضرب الاقتصاد السوري في الصميم، وثروته الغذائية، وإرهاقه أكثر فأكثر، من أجل تحميل الدولة أعباء ثقيلة تضاف إلى الأعباء التي تتحمّلها، جراء الحرب المفروضة عليها منذ تسع سنوات وحتى اليوم. فما عجزت عن تحقيقه قوى العدوان في الحرب العسكرية على سورية، تريد أن تعوّضه بحرب اقتصادية شرسة مدمّرة. وما إحراق محاصيل القمح على مساحات واسعة، إلا ليصبّ في إطار التدمير الممنهج للاقتصاد السوري.


ـ في ظلّ الظروف الحساسة التي تشهدها دول المنطقة، علت أصوات في الداخل اللبناني، من قبل أطراف ما كانت يوماً إلا في خانة العداء ضدّ سورية. لتنبري فجأة تطالب بإقفال معابر التهريب، بذريعة أنها تضرّ باقتصاد ومالية لبنان.

لا أحد مع التهريب، ولا أحد ضدّ القانون. لكن أن نقفل المعابر غير الشرعية ـ وهذا حق ـ ونترك العلاقات الاقتصادية والتجارية والمالية مع سورية، دون ان نفعّل الاتفاقيات والبروتوكولات الموقعة معها، وعدم التواصل الفعلي والجدي مع المسؤولين السوريين، لتنظيم أطر العلاقات الاقتصادية والتجارية والمالية والجمركية، والتنسيق معاً في مواجهة تداعيات قانون قيصر على البلدين، فهذا أمر لا يصبّ في مصلحة لبنان وشعبه، حيث تشكل له سورية على الدوام رئته الشرقية الوحيدة، التي يتنفس منها وهو يطلّ من بابها بصادراته إلى العراق ودول الخليج العربية.


ـ إنّ تحريك الشارع اللبناني الذي يشهد ظروفاً داخلية حساسة وخطيرة، وفي ظلّ أوضاع اقتصادية ومالية ومعيشية ونقدية واجتماعية قاهرة، بمظاهرات مشبوهة، تطالب بنزع سلاح المقاومة، وتحميلها مسؤولية ما يشهده الداخل اللبناني، والتصويب عليها عشوائياً، مدار استغراب واستهجان. فبدلاً من أن تركز هذه التظاهرات على الفساد والحالة المزرية التي أوصلتنا إليها الطبقة السياسية، جاء مرتزقة المظاهرات المدفوعة الثمن من قبل محرّضيهم، وموجّهيهم، ليشوّشوا على المقاومة، ويفرغوا حقدهم وتعصّبهم، تماشياً وتناغماً، مع سياسات وأهداف أطراف داخلية، وإقليمية وخارجية غربية، ما كان هدفها الأول إلا حصار المقاومة وتعطيل دورها، والنيل منها، ومن ثم القضاء عليها وإنهاء وجودها.


ـ انّ قرار الإدارة الذاتية الكردية، بمنع مزارعي محافظة الحسكة ـ وهي الخزان والسلة الغذائية الرئيسة لسورية ـ من تسليم محاصيلهم من القمح للمراكز التابعة لدمشق، يشكل سابقة خطيرة، نظراً لمفاعيله وتأثيراته السلبية الكبيرة على اقتصاد الدولة وعلى الأمن الغذائي للشعب السوري. رغم أنّ وقف تسليم القمح للسلطات السورية، ستترتب عليه خسارة لمزارعي القمح، وأيضاً كساد المخزون. هذا القرار الذي لم يأت من فراغ، وإنما بتوجيه وطلب من رعاة وداعمي الإدارة الذاتية الكردية، الذي ينسجم بالكامل مع قانون قيصر. والأسوأ من ذلك، أنّ مكوّناً من مكوّنات الشعب السوري، يفرض حصاراً على أبناء شعبه، من دون أيّ اعتبار إنساني أو أخلاقي، ليشكل هذا القرار إذا لم تتراجع الإدارة الذاتية الكردية عنه، قمة الخيانة والنذالة بحقّ وطن وشعب. لتثبت الإدارة الذاتية الكردية، مدى عمالتها وتواطئها ودعمها المسبق، من دون تحفظ لقانون قيصر.


ـ لم يقتصر الأمر على الإدارة الكردية، إنما تبعته إجراءات أخرى، لجأت إليها سلطات الاحتلال التركي في الشمال السوري، وفي المناطق التي تسيطر عليها، حيث تفاقمت ممارسات الاحتلال، من خلال سياسات التتريك الممنهجة للمناطق الخاضعة له، لا سيما في أرياف حلب والرقة والحسكة. إنّ الاحتلال التركي، لم يتوقف عن سياسة تغيير الديموغرافيا للبلدات والقرى، وبالذات العربية منها، وتهجير سكانها باستخدام العنف، وتوطين الفصائل الإرهابية وعائلاتهم مكانهم بالقوة والإكراه، وإجبارهم على اعتماد العملة التركية في المناطق المحتلة والتداول بها، وإقامة مراكز رسمية تركية فيها، كالبريد وربطه بالبريد التركي.

وفي سياق الحرب الاقتصادية على سورية، فرضت تركيا منذ أيام قليلة على مؤسسة الحبوب التابعة لها، بتسويق المحاصيل الزراعية في رأس العين، الى تركيا حصراً وبالأسعار المناسبة لها.


ـ منذ بداية الحرب على سورية عام 2011، اعتمد الكرد ـ دون ضوابط أو محاذير ـ على الولايات المتحدة وحلفائها في المنطقة، بما فيها «إسرائيل»، سياسياً، وعسكرياً، ومالياً، ولوجستياً واستخبارياً. وهم الآن ليسوا في وارد العودة الى الحضن السوري، والوقوف بجانب الدولة والقيادة والشعب، وهم في مواجهة قانون قيصر. كما أنهم أيضاً ليسوا بوارد التنصّل من القرارات الأميركية ذات الصلة بسورية، أو عدم الالتزام بها، او تحييد دورهم عنها. فطبيعة العلاقات الأميركية الكردية، وتأثير واشنطن الكبير على الكرد، وتحكّمها بقراراتهم وسياساتهم ومصيرهم، سيجبر الإدارة الذاتية الكردية، كي تكون حصان طروادة لقانون قيصر، الى جانب أحصنة عديدة في المنطقة والعالم. فهي ستشارك من دون حدود، وفق ما يرسمه لها الأميركي، في حصار سورية وشعبها، أياً كانت الأسباب والذرائع الواهية، والنتائج الوخيمة.


ـ ما تريده واشنطن من قانون قيصر، شلّ اقتصاد

سورية، وتضييق الخناق على شعبها، ثم تحميل النظام في ما بعد، المسؤولية الكاملة عن تدهور الأوضاع، ودفع السوريّين إلى التظاهر والعصيان، مدعومين من قوى خارجية معادية، تقوم بترويج لحملة إعلامية واسعة النطاق، ضدّ دور إيران وروسيا، وتشويه دور وتواجد المقاومين من لبنان إلى جانب سورية في مواجهتها للإرهاب، على أنهم السبب الذي دفع بواشنطن الى فرض العقوبات التي يعاني من نتائجها الشعب السوري.

الحقيقة الواضحة هي انّ الولايات المتحدة التي لم تستطع مع حلفائها، وبالذات مع العدو الإسرائيلي، ان تأخذه من سورية بالحرب التي فرضت عليها منذ تسع سنوات، تريد ان تحققه من خلال حرب اقتصادية شرسة ناعمة، متعددة الجبهات والقطاعات، ترمي إلى تركيع النظام، وتجويع الشعب السوري، والاستفراد به، ووضع الدولة السورية أمام خيار واحد من خيارين:

أما القبول برحيل النظام وتسليم السلطة للمعارضة، وأما الخضوع للعقوبات، والحصار والتجويع، وبعد ذلك الاستسلام لمشيئة واشنطن في كلّ صغيرة وكبيرة، من دون قيد او شرط.


ـ لا يقتصر قانون قيصر على سورية لوحدها، كما يظنّ البعض في لبنان، انما يستهدف أيضاً كلّ دولة، وكلّ كيان، أو هيئة أو مؤسسة او أفراد في العالم، يريدون التعاون مع دمشق بأيّ شكل من الأشكال. كما يمنع قانون قيصر، ايّ جهة تقوم بنشاطات تجارية، او مالية، أو صناعية، او استثمارية، لا سيما في قطاع النفط والغاز او غيرها من النشاطات، او تقديم المساعدات وإنْ كانت مجانيّة، لتنشيط القطاعات الصناعية والزراعية والإنتاجية أو المصرفية، مما حمل بعض المصارف الأجنبية العاملة في سورية، الى وقف نشاطها، وإقفال مكاتب فروعها، قبل بدء سريان مفعول قانون قيصر.


ـ انّ قانون قيصر لن يوفر في مفاعيله السلبية لبنان ودول المنطقة، التي تواجه القرارات المذلة، وسياسات الهيمنة التي تمارسها الولايات المتحدة، بحق الشعوب الحرة للمنطقة، الرافضة لصفقة القرن، والتطبيع مع العدو. والخضوع للإملاءات الأميركية. اذ قانون قيصر وانْ استهدف بالدرجة الاولى سورية، إلا انّ تطبيقه، سيلحق الأذى بلبنان واللبنانيين، ودول الجوار. لأنه سيغلق الباب أمام اللبنانيين ويمنعهم تحت التهديد بفرض العقوبات عليهم، من أي تعامل تجاري، او صناعي او خدمي او استثماري. وهذا الأمر سيلحق ضرراً كبيراً باللبنانيين، خاصة بعد إطلاق ورشة إعادة بناء سورية ما بعد الحرب، مما سيحول دون تخفيف الأعباء المعيشية والمالية والتجارية عن اللبنانيين داخل بلدهم. حيث سيحرم قانون قيصر، الصادرات اللبنانية، الصناعية منها والزراعية، ومختلف البضائع من دخول الأراضي السورية، ومنها الى دول الخليج، وهذا ما سيلحق ضرراً كبيراً بالمنتجين، والأفراد والتجار، والصناعيين في هذا المجال.

ولا يقتصر مفعول القانون على لبنان وحده، وإنما سيطال أيضا إيران، رغم أنّ هذه الأخيرة تواجه في الأساس، عقوبات أميركية صارمة.

واشنطن تريد من قانون قيصر، أن يطال بشظاياه دولاً تراها الإدارة الأميركية متمرّدة عليها. فهي تريد من سورية فكّ ارتباطها النهائي مع إيران، ومع المقاومة في لبنان، ووقف الدعم لها. كذلك فكّ ارتباطها مع روسيا، وتقليص العلاقة معها، والعمل على وضع حدّ للتمركز العسكري الروسي ـ الإيراني، وإخراج قوى المقاومة وإبعادها عن سورية. إذ ترى واشنطن، انّ تمدّد التمركز الروسي الإيراني في سورية، وكذلك قوى المقاومة، يشكل تهديداً استراتيجياً لمصالح الولايات المتحدة، و»إسرائيل»، وحلفائها في الشرق الأدنى، لا سيما في منطقة الهلال الخصيب.


ـ انّ المسؤولية الوطنية والقومية، تحتم على الجميع، العمل على احتواء قانون قيصر بكلّ أبعاده وأهدافه، اذ إنّ سورية، ليست معنيّة به وحدها، وهذا لا يتمّ إلا بتضافر الجهود والتنسيق الكامل، بين سورية ولبنان والعراق وروسيا وإيران والصين وغيرها من دول العالم. إذ لا يمكن لهذا القانون التعسّفي، الأحادي الجانب، الذي سنّته دولة بكلّ عنجهيتها، خارج إطار القانون الدوليّ، والشريعة الدولية، لتفرضه في ما بعد، على دول العالم، وتلزمها التقيّد به، غير عابئة بسيادتها، وكرامتها، واستقلالها وحرية قرارها.

لا بدّ من تحرك دولي لكسر هذا القانون، الذي يجسّد شريعة الغاب بكلّ المقاييس، شريعة تعوّدت عليها الولايات المتحدة، وأصبحت جزءاً لا يتجزأ من سلوكها اللاإنساني المقيت، حتى ولو دمّر هذا السلوك وطحن شعوباً بأكملها.

على اللبنانيين أن يدركوا، رغم التهويل بفرض العقوبات عليهم، انه من غير المقبول ان يؤخذ لبنان رهينة بيد قانون قيصر، ومن غير المقبول ان يظلّ أسيراً، ورهينة في يد من يريد السير به الى فلكه، والتحكم بقراره ومصالحه الوطنية، ومنعه من التنفس من خلال رئته الشرقية الوحيدة ـ سورية. يتوجب على لبنان، وعلى مسؤوليه، تفادي الانزلاق والوقوع في الفخ الأميركي المرسوم. لأنه سيكون وبالاً على لبنان وشعبه، عاجلاً أم آجلا. إذ لن يفيده ولا يجديه نفعاً في نهاية المطاف العسل الأميركي المشبع بالسمّ القاتل.

واشنطن تريد إسقاط سورية، لأنه بإسقاطها، ستتهاوى دول المنطقة المعارضة للسياسة الأميركية، كأحجار الدومينو. وهنا تكمن مسؤولية الجميع، للحفاظ على سورية، ودورها، ومكانتها، ومقاومتها، والوقوف الى جانبها مهما كلف الأمر، ولحين إسقاط قانون القرصان.

*وزير الخارجية الأسبق

Exclusive Interview with SYRIA TIMES Newspaper


Wednesday, 17 June 2020 09:52

Ambassador Ja’fari: “Main Victim of Caesar Act is The Syrian Citizen.”

The Caesar Act comes at a time when the whole world is suffering not only in the health arena (Covid-19) but also in the financial one.

 Syria specifically is suffering from great duress. Coming out of a ten year long war which has exhausted the country in all its sectors, Syria now faces more hardship.

Sanctions have long plagued Syria, European and American ones. Since the war started on Syria, the USA and the West have sanctioned Syria, starting with Syrian companies and Syrian individuals and ending with non Syrians that trade with Syria.

The transport of oil and gas to Syria’s ports was forbidden. This had adverse living conditions on the ordinary Syrian citizen. Many Syrians suffered from the cold due to lack of heating fuel and gas. Unable to even guarantee that they had enough gas to cook a simple meal, Syrians resorted to other alternatives like using wood or electricity when and if available.

Today Wednesday 17/6/2020 the Caesar Act comes into effect, punishing the Syrian civilian population in obtaining its most basic needs.

Syriatimes was lucky enough to exclusively interview Syria’s permanent representative to the UN and one of its most vociferous defenders Dr. Bashar Al-Ja’fari.

 Exclusive Interview with SYRIA TIMES Newspaper

June 17, 2020

SyriatimesWhat does the implementation of the Caesar Act mean to the ordinary Syrian?”

–        Ambassador Ja’afari: The unilateral coercive economic measures, mistakenly called sanctions, are based on a shared unethical principle by governments that impose such blockades, based on belief that whoever possesses economic, military and political influence is capable of imposing his own will, decisions and policies on any country in the world by just trapping them commercially, economically and impeding their banking system, while totally ignoring and condoning the fact that these measures are illegal according to international law and the Charter of the United Nations. With regard to the so-called “Caesar’s Act”, let me say that Syria has been subject to US sanctions for decades since 1979 under the pretext of supporting terrorism and threatening the security of Israel, but since the terrorist war on Syria began, the US government has issued eight executive orders to impose or tighten economic, commercial and banking unilateral measures on Syria. These punitive measures, which were accompanied by similar European ones, had and still have clear impact on the Syrian economy and on the Syrian citizen. The main idea behind drafting “Caesar’s Act” is to exercise political pressure and psychological warfare on Syria, because measures contained in this act are already imposed on the Syrian Arab Republic. The main new factor in the act is the practice of economic and financial terrorism on any government or foreign party that might consider doing business with Syria or to contribute to the process of reconstruction. On the other hand, this act focuses more on the status of the Syrian Central Bank, as it is responsible for controlling the exchange rate of foreign currencies, by trying to accuse it of practicing money laundry. Allow me to point out here an important fact, which is that the Western ambassadors in the Security Council have always said publicly in all meetings of the Council regarding the political and humanitarian situation in Syria, that their governments will not contribute and will not allow the reconstruction process to be launched in Syria unless the Syrian government and its allies accept political concessions that these Western governments want. Meaning, they are taking Syria and its people hostages of their own schizophrenic policies. Needless to say, that the required concessions from Syria and its allies are totally incompatible with the national and security interests of Syria, and that they target Syria’s political independent choices and ultimately aim at achieving the mere interests of Westerners and Israel. In conclusion, the practical application of the US economic blockade imposed on Syria and other countries is to prevent any country that is subject to Unilateral Coercive Economic Measures from free and sustainable access to the global banking system and free trade without restrictions or obstacles. This is exactly what the US government and the European Union are doing against the Syrian Arab Republic. When the Syrian government and private banks are prevented from accessing the global banking system and benefiting from its facilities and transfers, this inevitably means that the ability of Syrian commercial institutions and entities is very limited in concluding deals and commercial partnerships and in carrying out import and export operations in a free and stable manner. Consequently, the main victim is the Syrian citizen, because restricting the free movement of trade and import means higher prices, less materials, and weakening the purchasing power of the Syrian citizen.

Syriatimes“Will this act not hurt the very citizen it claims it wants to protect?”

–        Ambassador Ja’afari: It is well known that successive American administrations rely in their foreign policy on specific tools, foremost of which are military power and aggression, economic blockade, and destabilization in order to change legitimate governments. The claims of Americans and Europeans that they impose Unilateral Sanctions in order to protect citizens in some countries are false, and facts on the ground expose that. The Americans and Europeans claim that the sanctions target Syrian government institutions exclusively! Any sane man will ask a question about the role of the government in any country of the world, and the answer is that the government is responsible for providing services to citizens in various fields starting with medicine and food to providing water, electric power and basic services and needs for citizens. Therefore, if the State institutions have been targeted with punitive measures that subsequently means that their capability to perform their primary services role is targeted.

On the other hand, the unilateral measures that target countries such as Cuba, Iran, Venezuela, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and Syria, have been and will always be targeting citizens. These countries, among others such as Russia and China, are a target of these measures because of their political stances against the American and Western hegemony over the world. One of the biggest Western governments lies is that they are seeking to “protect democracy and human rights” in the world by imposing unilateral coercive measures. Everyone knows that the American government and the European Union are the allies of the most brutal dictatorial religious regimes in this world, just as they are the true allies of Israel, which occupies Arab lands to this day.

The Western political mindset knows well that economic embargoes are primarily harmful to citizens, but its political institutions continue to press ahead with punitive measures against people in order to create stifling social crises and push people to stand against their national governments and hold these governments accountable for their suffering.

Syriatimes“The USA claims that the Caesar Act will not affect daily necessities like medicine-How true is that claim?”

–        Ambassador Ja’afari: Most of the illegal measures in the so-called “Caesar Act” are not new, and Syria has been subject to the last wave of unilateral US and European coercive measures since ten years ago until today, and they amount to war crimes and constitute economic and financial crimes of terrorism. These punitive measures cause great economic and social damages, and their profound impact is no less than the impact of the crimes committed by terrorist armed groups against Syria and its people during these years.

 American and Western governments are so brazen. They openly declare that they will continue to impose an economic blockade on Syria until the Syrian state succumbs to their political, economic and military blackmail. They already know that this blockade directly affects health, banking and education sectors, as well as communications, transportation, electricity and basic services sectors, and every sector that relates directly to the daily details of the life of the Syrian citizen.

It is one of the ugliest forms of political hypocrisy embodiment in our world. The United Nations is subject to the pressure of these powers in order to limit the organization’s contribution in Syria to only providing humanitarian relief and refrains from launching projects to rehabilitate infrastructure and reconstruction. These Westerner governments do not find anything wrong with saying that they only allow the flow of humanitarian aid to Syria, but they will not allow the early recovery process that will directly affect the lives of Syrian citizens at home, and will provide the appropriate economic and social conditions for the return of Syrian refugees.

Syriatimes“American and European sanctions have been implemented in Syria for some time now. How is this different?”

–        Ambassador Ja’afari: This new US Act seeks to impose a kind of territorial division on the Syrian state, by excluding the area controlled by the unpatriotic Kurdish separatist factions from the consequences of Caesar Act. The US administration wants to undermine the reconstruction efforts and seeks to deprive the Syrians of their natural resources, paralyze production mechanisms, close production gates, and stop import and export operations, in addition to impeding the normalization of relations with Syria and undermining the contribution of Syrian expatriates to reconstruction efforts.

The so-called “Caesar Act” seeks to stifle Syria politically and economically after Washington was unable to strangle it with terrorist war. What is new in this Act is that it extends to include Damascus’ main allies, such as Russia and Iran, which the Act mentions by name.

In order not to repeat myself, I would say that more than 95% of the punitive measures mentioned in this Act are already imposed on Syria, and what the Americans, along with the Europeans and the Turks want is to target public opinion in Syria, to create a state of uncertainty and weak confidence in the local currency and the ability to promote self-sufficiency and in the capability and credibility of Syria’s allies that fought terrorism with it over the past years and will not abandon it in the face of this economic blockade.

The most important element in this battle is to know the goals of your enemy. Today, we are fully aware that Americans and Europeans want to compensate for their defeat when they supported terrorism, by exerting economic and social pressure on the Syrian state and its allies and preventing them from proving their capability to recover damages caused to the Syrian economy and launch the reconstruction process. In sum, our battle with them is a battle of existence, settling old and new accounts, and targeting the Syrian nation and national identity. We have no option to retreat after we succeeded in our war on terrorism that was and still supported by same governments.

Syriatimes“What can be done politically (in the UN arena) to alleviate the suffering of the Syrian people?’

–        Ambassador Ja’afari: We used to say within the diplomatic community of the United Nations, that this Organization is not a charity, and that what ultimately prevails in it is the logic of political and financial polarization. Needless to say that this does not lead us to despair, as much as, it pushes us to be realistic and to strive with our allies to confront as much as possible the attempt of Western domination of the frameworks of the United Nations by adhering to the provisions of the Charter and international law.

The main dilemma while addressing Unilateral Coercive Measures is that the United Nations periodically rejects and condemns them, but due to Western domination of the United Nations, this Organization has not been able, to date, to adopt clear legal and practical mechanisms or instruments to end these punitive measures or to mitigate their impact on the peoples of the targeted countries. Nevertheless, during the last period, especially with the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic, we were able to push the Secretary-General and relevant international organizations and bodies to issue statements and adopt positions that speak candidly about the profound inhumane impacts of this economic blockade on the peoples of the targeted countries and the ability of the United Nations to achieve global collective solidarity in confronting this health pandemic.

In recent years, the Syrian government has sent many letters and appeals to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council regarding the impact of Unilateral Coercive Economic Measures imposed on the Syrian people. We have succeeded during the past months in creating sufficient lobbying power within the United Nations that embarrassed and provoked the American and European representatives and their governments.

However, the final evaluation is that these Western governments will not abandon the policy of military intervention or the imposition of Unilateral Economic Measures on every country that politically disagrees with them, including friendly countries such as Russia, China and Iran.

Therefore, options and methods of addressing this challenge are mostly national, and should focus on developing economic and industrial strategies that deal with these punitive measures and provide local alternatives to meet basic needs, and build strong and sustainable economic, industrial and banking relationships with our real friends, especially in light of the fact that governments imposing the economic blockade also control international financial institutions such as the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank Group, in order to define the course of the global economy.

Once again, our battle requires complete awareness of the goals of our enemies in the region and the world, and a clear definition of the limits of their capabilities and wills, so that we can address the main goals for which these Unilateral Coercive Measures were imposed, namely economic and social pressure on citizens and limit the state’s ability to secure the basic requirements for life.

Editor in Chief

Reem Haddad

Caesar: Another Failing Attempt to Restrict Syria, Hezbollah

Caesar: Another Failing Attempt to Restrict Syria, Hezbollah

By Nour Rida

On Wednesday, the United States is due to bring into effect the toughest set of sanctions on Syria, as part of the Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act. The Caesar act is a law that was passed in December of 2019 and allows the American administration to impose sanctions on foreign companies, countries, and people who do trade or transactions with Syria.

Mainstream media outlets describes the law’s main intent is as “to punish Bashar al-Assad’s government for atrocities committed against the Syrian people,” using negative ideology to shape the story according to the US political agenda in the region.

The mainstream narrative of Western media is a penetrating medium, capable of creating false consciousness among the viewers. This is something many peoples of Western countries know by now. Looking back at media reports, one can see how positive ideology to describe the Bush administration was used as he was classified as ‘friendly’ and a ‘liberator’ at the time he invaded Iraq. This is one simple example of how media manipulates words and discourse to serve its own goals. Lest we forget the Takfiri terrorist groups in Syria that killed and raped and destroyed across the country regardless of the religious or ethnic background of the people; the US administration would call them “Syrian opposition” and legitimizing their existence and violence.

Back to the topic, today media reports call Syria an oppressive regime and the US claims it stands by the Syrian people by imposing the Caesar act. Words matter, but they cannot change history. The Caesar act imposed on Syria carries the same goals of the US backing and support of terrorist groups in Syria and Iraq throughout the past few years; stopping Bashar al-Assad from supporting the resistance movement in Lebanon of Hezbollah. Hezbollah is the only force by far that has been able to defeat ‘Israel’ and prove its vulnerability.

As said earlier, looking at the geopolitics of the region, it is obvious that the main target of the Caesar act is the Hezbollah resistance movement which constitutes a threat to the ‘Israeli’ apartheid regime. The act aims at breaking the Syrian will and causing uproar across the country as it puts pressure on the people.

The Caesar act seems to be paired with another attempt to cripple the resistance or weaken it that was overlooked by the media. It comes under the pretext of bolstering surveillance capacity of the UNIFIL inside Lebanon. UN chief Antonio Guterres said in a report that video surveillance and sensors already deployed, Guterres called for thermal-imaging cameras, hi-tech binoculars and drones which could strengthen the UNIFIL surveillance capacity.

In a report published Tuesday ahead of the mission’s renewal in August, Guterres said the UNIFIL criticized by the United States and ‘Israel’, needs to be “more agile and mobile” in particular on the Blue Line separating Lebanon from Occupied Palestine.

Guterres said the changes could come from “replacing some heavy infantry functions used for day-to-day activities with reconnaissance functions” using smaller “high-mobility light tactical vehicles and reconnaissance vehicles with improved monitoring capacity.”

The UN head also said he wanted to see construction of observation posts and for UN troops to have modern technology to collect and analyze data and improve their communications. Amid such demands skepticism rises on the real need of such equipment at a sensitive time and place.

Back to the sanctions, what the US has still not realized after its experience of imposing sanctions on Iran- an ally and supporter of Syria and the resistance in the region, is that it has failed to achieve its goal of destroying the resistance and its allies. The attitude of Syria would be similar to that of Iran, the sanctions will probably be an incentive to achieve self-sufficiency. Yes, choking Syria’s economy will hurt and will cause the troubled economy of Lebanon also to deteriorate further, but what does not kill someone only makes him stronger.

It is worth noting that this is not the first time the US imposes sanctions on Syria. In 1979, the US considered Syria a ‘supporter of terrorism’ as it stood by The Islamic Republic of Iran after its victory and overthrow of the US-backed Pahlavi regime. By imposing the act, the US again aims at toppling the resistance axis in the region or bringing about what it calls “change in attitude”.

“The new US sanctions will be far broader in terms of their sectoral targeting, but also, critically, will involve US targeting of other countries and businesses seeking to do business with the Syrian government in a bid to ensure Syria’s tightening economic isolation,” Julien Barnes-Dacey, director of the Middle East and North Africa program at the European Council of Foreign Relations (ECFR), told Al Jazeera.

It is true that imposing sanctions on Syria will make things tough and strangle the reconstruction of the war-hit country after around 9 years of Takfiri terrorist groups destroying Syria, but the US and its allies must keep in mind that Syria has the potential and the infrastructure to reactivate its agricultural and industrial activities. So for media outlets that have been exacerbating their campaigns and picturing Syria in starvation and famine, keep in mind that the Syrians will always manage to have food on the table despite all pressure.

Hezbollah for its turn is the main target behind all this. “Impose sanctions on Syria, force the ending of transactions and import into Lebanon, force the end of Syria-Hezbollah cooperation and it is all sorted out.” This is far from being accurate. The resistance forces in the region including Hezbollah are immune against such attempts. Some Lebanese factors are cooperating with the US and ‘Israel’ to disarm Hezbollah, but that remains to be an unrealized dream. Resistance in face of occupation is a right, and standing up for oneself is an act of self-defense.

That is one important thing to keep in mind. Another important issue to remember is that the US is in decline and this is a fact today. Russia, China and Iran will not abandon Syria and its people. Lebanon as well, stands before the option of moving towards the East, where it can find its way out from American pressure. Whether it is fiber optics and pipe gas lines, the silk road project, the trade corridor designed to reopen channels between China and countries of Central Asia, the Middle East and Europe, these are all considered as potential for cooperation between Syria, Iraq, Iran, Russia, China and Lebanon (if its political factions agree to turn their back to the US and its dictations). It takes bravery, consent and a political decision to stand in face of US coercion, and as the US power declines by the time such a scenario of shifting towards the East and abandoning the US supremacy becomes possible.


By Elijah J. Magnier: @ejmalrai

In mid-June, the US sanctions against Syria will escalate, with the enactment of “Caesar’s Law“, sanctions designed to “pursue individuals, groups, companies, and countries that deal with the Damascus government.” This law – purportedly named after a Syrian army officer who smuggled out thousands of photos of torture by the Syrian army in prisons – is designed to prevent companies and countries from opening diplomatic channels with Syria, and to prevent them from contributing to reconstruction, investment, and the provision of spare parts for the energy and aviation sectors in Syria. The sanctions also affect the Syrian central bank, freezing the assets of individuals who deal with Syria and invalidating any visa to America. Who will abide by this law, and what are its consequences for Syria, Lebanon, and the countries that stand beside Syria?

Torture is a common practice in many nations around the world. Syria practised torture (the case of Maher Arar) on behalf of the United States of America and the Bush administration. At least 54 countries (Middle Eastern and African nations but also western countries like Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Greece, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom and more) supported US “extraordinary renditions” in 2001 and secret detentions under President Barack Obama. Washington thus lacks any moral authority to claim opposition to torture as a basis for its policies. Over recent decades the US has become notorious for authorising gruesome forms of torture, stripping people of their most basic rights, and generally violating human rights in defiance of the Geneva convention and above all the 1984 UN convention against torture. James Mitchell, a CIA contract psychiatrist who helped draft and apply “enhanced interrogation techniques“, disclosed several methods approved by the US administration to torture prisoners placed in detention in “black sites” outside the US, illegally but with official authorisation. Images of torture in Abu Ghraib prisons showed the world that the US use of torture and illegal methods of interrogation against detainees in Iraq. 

Thus, US sanctions on Syria cannot plausibly indicate US concern for human values and opposition to the abuse of power. Moreover, the US administration’s adherence to its own Constitution is in grave doubt, given the reaction of the security forces against demonstrators in America in response to widespread racial discrimination and racially motivated police attacks.

These new US sanctions, under the name of Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act, can in no way be ascribed to some moral value, but rather to the failure by the US, Israel and several Western and Arab countries to change the regime in Syria, and their refusal to acknowledge defeat. They keep trying, and in this case, imagine that through harsh sanctions against Syria and its allies they can achieve what they have failed to accomplish through many years of war and destruction.

In the 1990s, the US imposed sanctions on Iraq (oil-for-food). Hundreds of thousands of Iraqi citizens died as a result of US sanctions on Iraq without Saddam Hussein’s regime and his entourage being affected. Consequently, we can predict that US sanctions in general primarily affect the population and not the leaders.

The US fails to realize that it is no longer the only superpower in the world, and in the Middle East in particular. Russia has done what many thought was impossible and elbowed its way into the Levant to remain in Syria and confront NATO at the borders. China has followed as a rising economic superpower to make its way into the Middle East, mainly Iraq and Syria. Iran has already a strong presence and powerful allies in Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Palestine. These three countries, along with Syria, are playing a leading role in actively eliminating US hegemony in this part of the world.

In Beirut, the government cannot adopt and abide by “Caesar’s Law” and close its gates to Syria. Lebanon’s only land borders are through Syria since Israel is considered an enemy. Any national economic plan to revitalise the abundant local agriculture sector and export to Syria, Iraq or other countries in the Gulf would fail if “Caesar’s Law” were put into effect. Any regenerated industry or import/export from the Middle Eastern countries must go through the “Syrian gate”. Besides, the current Lebanese government risks falling if it implements the US sanctions. Washington is not providing any financial assistance to the Lebanese economy in crisis and clearly has no intention of offering necessary and immediate help to the crippled Lebanese economy. The US, as has become the norm, seeks to impose sanctions and conditions on the nations it targets but offers little in return to affected countries. In the case of Lebanon, its budget deficit is close to 100 billion dollars following decades of corruption and mismanagement.

The government of Prime Minister Hassan Diab is, theoretically, a technocratic and non-political government. It does not consider the US an enemy but neither is it likely to follow US dictates, since it is close to the “March 8 Alliance” whose strongest members are not US friendly. Hence, the only solution for this government or any future government is to go east towards China, Russia and Iran. America will likely lose in Lebanon, with its “March 14 Alliance” allies rendered voiceless and powerless. 

There is no doubt that the Christian party within the “March 8” political group will be challenged and affected by US sanctions. These have an international relationship to look after and maintain as well as external bank accounts. Regardless, “Caesar’s Law” cannot be implemented in Lebanon, whatever the consequences of its violation.

As for Iran, it has already been subject to “maximum pressure” and harsh sanctions increasing year after year since the victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1979, for daring to reject US hegemony. Hence, it has no consideration whatsoever for the US “Caesar’s Law”. Even more, Iran is certainly not unhappy that the US blocked the return and reopening of Gulf countries’ embassies – who dare not disobey the US wishes – in Syria. Gulf companies are no longer in the field as competitors to divide shares in Iran’s reconstruction contracts related to projects in the field of industry, trade and energy. Iran has already challenged US and EU sanctions on Syria by sending oil tankers to Damascus. Also, Tehran sent five tankers to Venezuela, another country suffering from harsh US sanctions. The Gulf and European countries – US’s allies – are thus losing their opportunity to return to Syria, to be involved in its reconstruction and to regain their foothold in the Levant.

As for Russia, it has just signed a deal with the Syrian government to expand its military airport and naval bases in Tartous, Hasaka and Hmeymim. Furthermore, it is supplying Syria with modern military hardware and fulfilling the Syrian army needs to come up to full strength. It supplied Syria with squadrons of the updated MiG-29 fighters this month in a clear message to the US and its “Caesar Act” sanctions.

As for China, it is now in a “cold war” situation over US accusations that Beijing is responsible for the outbreak of COVID-19. The US is seeking to prevent Beijing from doing business with the European market, and particularly to prevent Europe from embracing China’s 5G network and technology. The US administration is also pushing Israel to curtail trade with China and to call off its billion-dollar contracts signed with China to avoid “hurting the relationship with the US”. Moreover, the Iraqi-US relationship took a severe blow when the former Prime Minister Adel Abdel Mahdi signed off on a $20 billion “oil for reconstruction” agreement with China. Thus China, already involved in different projects in Syria, is not likely to abide by “Caesar’s Law”.

As for Syria, it will never accept starvation nor buckle under the US’s economic siege. President Bashar al-Assad is reconstructing the liberated areas under the government forces’ controls. He is rebuilding infrastructure for the Syrian population present in the homeland, excluding the areas abandoned by refugees who fled the country many of whom will not return. The Syrian government is not suffering from the absence of the five to seven million refugees in Idlib, in refugee camps outside the control of the government or in nearby bordering countries. Those refugees are financed and looked after by the international community and the United Nations. This relieves the central government of a considerable financial burden.

Consequently, Syria does not need to reconstruct the refugees’ homes or provide them with oil, electricity, schools, infrastructure and subsidies for as long as Western countries want them to stay outside Syria. The international community wants these refugees to remain away from the central government’s control and is doing everything in its power to prevent their return so as to be able to reject a future Presidential election- where Bashar al-Assad’s victory is guaranteed.

President Assad will work with Iran, Russia and China to secure his needs. Iran has defied US-European sanctions by sending oil tankers to Syria through the Straits of Gibraltar twice. Iran is building drug and medicine factories in Syria, and is also working on other projects that it shares with Russia and China. Syria is heading toward the east, not the west, since that it is the only remaining option left to it. This is the long-awaited dream of the “Axis of Resistance”. Lebanon, Syria and Iraq are looking to Asia to reverse the US-European sanctions against them and their allies in the Middle East. By imposing further unaffordable sanctions on Syria, the US is helping the Levant come out of the US sphere of influence and presence.

Iran, Russia, China and Syria are uniting as allies with an integrated project against US hegemony. There is no place for the domination of one state over another in this gathering of nations because solidarity is required to help Syria, for example, stand as a healthy and reliable country to confront the US. Their strength grows as the weakness of the US becomes more apparent, at a time when President Donald Trump is struggling domestically and his world influence is weakening. Washington is unilaterally imposing sanctions on nations and populations, forcing some allies to follow but also forcing them to consider seriously future possibilities for detaching from this burdensome “umbilical cord.”  

The US “Caesar’s Law” aims to submit and suppress the Syrian nation and people, as Washington has attempted with Iran and Venezuela, so far failing miserably. This policy can no longer be effective because the Russian – Chinese – Iranian alliance has now become important to many countries in the Middle East. The influence of this alliance now extends to the Caribbean Sea. “Caesar’s Law” will turn against its architects: “he who prepared the poison shall end up eating it.”

Proofread by:  Maurice Brasher and  C.G.B.

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سنقترب من دمشق اكثر ونحطم قيصر على قحف أصحابه

محمد صادق الحسيني

‏في شهر 2 من العام 2010 طلبت وزيرة خارجية اميركا من سورية الأسد الابتعاد عن إيران.

‏وقتها كانت واشنطن تحاول عزل إيران عن محيطها ‏ومحاصرتها سياسياً بسبب حدة المواجهة بين واشنطن وطهران حول الملف النووي..

‏الرئيس بشار الأسد دعا الرئيس أحمدي نجاد الى دمشق بمناسبة عيد المولد النبوي الشريف

وقرر الاحتفال بهذا العيد الإسلاميّ الوحدويّ مع نظيره الإيرانيّ في دمشق.

وفي مؤتمر صحافي مشترك مع الرئيس الإيراني رد على هيلاري كلينتون ساخراً منها بالقول:

لقد قرّرنا توقيع اتفاقية «تباعد مع طهران».. (كما طلبتم) لذلك قرّرنا رفع التأشيرات بيننا وبينها..

وهكذا سنقترب من بعضنا أكثر فأكثر، فكان هذا بمثابة الرد المناسب لسورية المقاومة والممانعة…

واليوم ومع دخول قانون قيصر الأميركي الجائر حيز التنفيذ، ثمة وفد رفيع المستوى موجود في دمشق، يتحاور بكل المجالات مع القيادة السورية لرفع كل القيود بين البلدين ليقتربا من بعضهما أكثر فأكثر.

الوفد برئاسة السيد دانائي فر المسؤول الأول عن دور إيران في المساهمة في إعادة الإعمار والبناء في كل من سورية والعراق ولبنان..

وهو رجل من جنس الحاج قاسم سليماني وسفير سابق في العراق، وثائر من ثوار إيران العاملين من أجل تحرير فلسطين…

في الساعات القادمة، وفي خطوة وفاء من الشقيق لشقيقه، سيتم الإعلان في دمشق قريباً جداً عن توافقات مهمة بين إيران وسورية لكسر كل أشكال الحصار على سورية وكسر قانون قيصر على قحف أصحابه…

والله غالب على أمره.

بعدنا طيبين؛ قولوا الله.

فيديوات متعلقة

«قيصر» فرصة ذهبيّة للإنقاذ؟ سفير دولة عظمى: واشنطن تريد خنق لبنان!‏

محمد حميّة

يُغلِف الأميركيّون توجهاتهم التدميرية للدول المناوئة لسياساتهم في المنطقة والعالم بمصطلحات تخدع الرأي العام للدولة المستهدفة والرأي العام العالمي.

فإطلاق مصطلح «قانون» على خطة عقوبات جائرة على الشعب السوري الخارج من حرب كونية منذ حوالي العقد، هو ذروة التضليل وتجميل لصورة الأميركيين لدى الشعوب لتحريضها على حكوماتها ودولها. وعندها يحلُ الانقسام وتقعُ الفتن الداخلية وتضعفُ الدولة لصالح الأحزاب والمذاهب والطوائف والقوميات، ما يتيحُ للأميركيين الانقضاض على الدولة والتحكم بقرارها السيادي والسيطرة على ثرواتها الحيوية المتنوّعة. فالقوانين عادة تهدف الى تنظيم المجتمعات وتطويرها وليس تدميرها وخنق شعوبها!

وهذا ما يحصل في سورية بفرض «قانون» العقوبات الأميركي «قيصر» بإيهام الشعب السوري بأن الهدف معاقبة النظام السوري ودفعه الى وقف جرائمه بحق السوريين، علماً أن الحرب العسكرية في سورية انتهت منذ عامين تقريباً مع بقاء بعض المعارك المجزأة في الشمال والشرق السوريين، فعن أي جرائم يتحدث الأميركيون؟

وهذه السياسة تسري أيضاً على لبنان، حيث يخضع الموقف الرسمي فيه منذ عقود للوصايات المتنوعة وللخضوع، فتوهِم الادارة الأميركية الشعب اللبناني بأنها تعاقب حزب الله، لكونه المسؤول، بحسب زعمها عن الأوضاع الاقتصادية والاجتماعية الصعبة التي يواجهها البلد وبسبب تمسكه بسلاحه ودوره في الإقليم. لذلك تريد واشنطن إقناع اللبنانيين بأن إلحاق حزب الله في دائرة «قيصر» سيدفع الحزب الى رفع قبضته عن الدولة ما يؤدي الى ازدهار وانتعاش اقتصادي في لبنان.

أما الأهداف الخفيّة لهذه السياسة، فتكمن في الاستمرار بسياسة حصار لبنان وتجويع شعبه تمهيداً لإخضاعه للشروط الأميركيّة الاسرائيليّة لا سيما في ملف الحدود البحرية. والملاحظ تسخين الساحة اللبنانية منذ 17 تشرين الماضي توازياً مع تقدم المشروع الأميركي الاسرائيلي الخليجي الجديد للمنطقة المتمثل بـ»صفقة القرن»، وذلك لنفاد الوقت أمام تمرير هذا المشروع قبيل نهاية ولاية الرئيس الأميركي الحالي.

وتُترجم هذه السياسة اليوم في الساحة اللبنانيّة عبر جملة وسائل وتكتيكات:

تصويب المسؤولين الأميركيين على فساد السلطة السياسية الحاكمة عقوداً وذلك لتسييلها بإثارة الشعب ودفعه للنزول الى الشارع والتحكم بشعاراته وحركته واتجاهاته عبر مجموعات تدُسّها واشنطن بين المتظاهرين لتوجيههم نحو الأهداف التي تريدها ووضع الشعب في وجه حزب الله… وألم تكن تعلم أميركا بأن السلطة فاسدة؟ فكيف تعاملت معها كل هذا الوقت؟

إثارة جملة أحداث وتوترات أمنية في الشارع لخلق فتن اجتماعية واستحضار الفتن الطائفية والمذهبية وابتزاز الطبقة السياسية بحركة الشارع لإبقائها تحت إمرتها.

استخدام سلاح الدولار لتقويض الاقتصاد وإفقار كل الشعب بهدف تجويع بيئة المقاومة لدفع قيادة الثنائي أمل وحزب الله للتنازل في الملفات السيادية. وهذا ما كشفه السيد حسن نصرالله أمس الأول بأن أميركا تمنع وصول الدولار الى لبنان وتسعّر الفتنة… سياسة أميركية وصفها الدبلوماسي الأميركي البارز جيفيري فيلتمان خلال أحداث 17 تشرين بالفاشلة وأيّده بذلك النائب السابق وليد جنبلاط. وهنا تكشف أوساط مطلعة على مراهنة بعض الأحزاب السياسية على أن تسقط الحكومة بضربة «قيصر» وسيف الدولار!

تحريك أدواتها الداخلية لفرملة وعرقلة عمل الحكومة والاتفاقات والحلول، كان آخرها اتفاق تخفيض سعر الصرف مع المصرف المركزي فاستنفرت واشنطن أدواتها السياسية و»مافياتها» في قطاعي المصارف والصيرفة لنسف الاتفاق.

فالخطة الأميركية إلهاء لبنان بعملية المفاوضات مع صندوق النقد الدولي، كي ينام لبنان على حرير مساعدات «الصندوق» وتعطيل أي توجّه لحلول أخرى ويجري التذرّع ببعض الأسباب المموّهة لتمديد المفاوضات كالخلاف بين المصرف المركزي والحكومة والمصارف على أرقام الخسائر. وبعد مرور ستة أشهر أو أكثر تحدث الصدمة بإحجام الصندوق (ليس سوى أداة مالية أميركية لفرض الوصاية السياسية) عن تقديم المساعدات بحجج واهية، وحينها يوضع لبنان أمام خيارين أحلاهما مرُ: الخضوع لشروط الصندوق المالية والسياسية والأمنية والعسكرية أو الانهيار الكامل والشامل وما ينتجه من مفاعيل الجوع والفوضى الاجتماعية والاقتتال في الشوارع وذلك بعد تدمير آخر قلاع الصمود النقدي أي البنك المركزي باستنزاف احتياطاته.

فماذا يفعل لبنان حينها؟ ليس أمامه أي خيارات بديلة سوى الخضوع ويكون الأميركيون انتزعوا من لبنان بالاقتصاد ما عجزوا عنه بالحروب العسكرية، وبالتالي لن ينتظر محور المقاومة لحظة السقوط النهائي مكتوف الأيدي ما يعني أن الحرب هي أهون الشرور، بحسب ما تؤكد مصادر عليمة. فالشعب السوريّ وصل الى درجة الجوع لكنه بقي على كرامته وكذلك الشعب اللبناني منذ 17 تشرين حتى الآن، لكن المعروض اليوم أميركياً هو الجوع مع الذُل؛ وهذا لن يمر، تجزم المصادر.

وفي خضم هذه الحرب المفتوحة هل يمكن المواجهة من خلال تحويل «قيصر» الأميركي الى فرصة لإنقاذ لبنان؟ لا سيما أن تداعيات القانون السلبية على لبنان أشد بأضعاف من تداعياته السورية، كما قال السيد نصرالله لكون سورية تشكل رئة لبنان الوحيدة وبالتالي حرمانه من التجارة المباشرة والترانزيت واستجرار الكهرباء والمشتقات النفطية والمشاركة بإعادة الإعمار وحل أزمة النزوح… فهل تبقى بلاد الأرز على قيد الحياة بلا رئتها؟ وهل يمكن الركون الى معادلة أميركيّة قوامها لن نعطيكم المال وننقذكم إلا بشروط قاسية مذلة، ولن نسمح لكم البحث عن موارد وحلول أخرى في دول أخرى!

قرار المواجهة بالوسائل كافة اتخذه محور المقاومة وعبر عنه السيد نصرالله في خطابه الأخير، فحزب الله بحسب مطلعين على موقفه كان يتريّث بقرار الانفتاح على سورية والتوجه شرقاً اقتصادياً، بسبب الضغوط الأميركية الخليجية على الحكومة السابقة وعدم إحراج الحكومة الحالية طالما لم تتخط أميركا الخطوط الحمر الاقتصادية، لكن بعد «قيصر» والتمادي الأميركي بحربها الاقتصادية غير ما قبله. فالتوجه هو لاستخدام العقوبات الجديدة حجة وتحويلها الى فرصة لاتخاذ القرار بالتوجّه الى الشرق ومواجهة ردود الفعل مهما كانت أثمانها. فالمعركة الاقتصادية بالنسبة لحزب الله تساوي الآن الحرب العسكرية مع «اسرائيل» والارهاب باختلاف أدوات المواجهة. والملاحظ توقيت خطاب السيد عشية دخول قيصر حيّز التنفيذ!

أما المواقف السورية والإيرانية والروسية فتتلاقى مع فحوى رسائل السيد نصرالله للأميركيين، وحديث الأمين العام للحزب كان محل متابعة واهتمام شديدين وثناء وتأييد سفير دولة عظمى في لبنان تحوز على دور أساسي في المنطقة، حيث أكد السفير لـ»البناء» أن «الأميركيين يريدون خنق لبنان عبر السياسات التي يتبعونها على الصعيد السياسي والمالي والاقتصادي ويستخدمون الدولار كسلاح لفرض أهدافهم في المنطقة والتحكم بسياسات الدول، معرباً عن خشيته حيال الوضع اللبناني وإزاء النيات الأميركية تجاهه، مشيراً إلى أن «الحرب على لبنان جزء من الحرب الأميركية على دول المنطقة والعالم»، مشدداً على «ضرورة الحفاظ على السلم الأهلي في لبنان والاستقرار والتماسك مع سورية وبقاء الحكومة وتفعيل عملها لمواجهة العاصفة».

أما الإشارة البالغة الأهمية فهي أن حديث السيد نصرالله جاء بعد ساعات على زيارة وزير خارجية إيران محمد جواد ظريف إلى موسكو وتركيا والبيان الصادر عن موسكو بدعم الاقتصاد السوريّ، ما يعزز الربط بين اللقاء الروسي – الإيراني وكلام السيد نصرالله الذي ظهر وكأنه يتحدّث باسم المحور من موسكو الى بيروت مروراً بطهران وبغداد ودمشق وصنعاء. فمواجهة «قيصر» تكون بمزيد من الاتحاد بين دول المنطقة ومحور المقاومة وتشابك الجبهات الاقتصادية والعسكرية.

أما السؤال: هل علينا أن ننتظر اقتحام جيل من «القياصرة» دولنا وشعوبنا حتى ننتفض، ويكون الأوان قد فات!

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