US MILITARY SUPPORT OF SAUDI ARABIA’S HOPELESS WAR IN YEMEN

US Military Support Of Saudi Arabia's Hopeless War In Yemen

South Front

07.10.2019

The US has continued supporting its efforts against the Houthis.Since the beginning of the Saudi-led intervention in Yemen in 2015.

Despite wide-ranging and seemingly endless support, which comes in spite of bombing of civilian targets and other questionable methods of fighting the war, such as using child soldiers from African countries, Saudi Arabia is losing the war vs the Yemeni group.

The US maintains that it assists the Saudi-led coalition fighting in Yemen, because the Houthis are an Iranian-backed group whose “malign influence” must not be allowed to spread any further. Support against the Houthis is allegedly only expressed in weapon deliveries, training assistance, logistics and intelligence support.

However, the US is actively taking part in counterterrorism actions in Yemen, allegedly targeting ISIS and al-Qaeda, but there is little clarity of what exactly is going on in that regard.

In short, the US support for the Kingdom can be summarized in the following groups, laid out in a report focused on the war in Yemen called “Yemen: Civil War and Regional Intervention,” published on September 17th, 2019. [pdf]

Anybody who is even an involuntary and sporadic observer of the situation in Yemen can see that there is no such thing as a Civil War there, but regardless the efforts of the Trump administration, most of which began during the Obama administration are properly presented. Some are simply exaggerated, such as support for UN resolutions on the conflict:

  • Support for U.N. efforts to advance a political process – U.S. policymakers have repeatedly expressed confidence in the role of Special Envoy Griffiths to move the various Yemeni parties toward a political settlement. Moreover, U.S. officials have emphasized Yemen’s unity, saying that “dialogue represents the only way to achieve a stable, unified, and prosperous Yemen.” In September 2019, one U.S. official also announced that the United States was conducting talks with the Houthis to further a negotiated solution to the Yemen conflict.

This would make a difference if it was a bipartisan solution coming from US Congress and supporting by the presidential administration, but currently it is just hollow rhetoric.

  • Condemnation of Iran’s destabilizing role in Yemen – U.S. policymakers have repeatedly portrayed Iran as a spoiler in Yemen, bent on sabotaging peace efforts by lending support to Houthi attacks against Saudi Arabia.

This goes without saying, Iran’s role in anything at all is “destabilizing,” the Islamic Republic is “the enemy” and it must be opposed in any way possible.

  • Assistance for the coalition – According to President Trump’s most recent report to Congress on the deployment of U.S. armed forces abroad, “United States Armed Forces, in a non-combat role, have also continued to provide military advice and limited information, logistics, and other support to regional forces combatting the Houthi insurgency in Yemen. United States forces are present in Saudi Arabia for thispurpose. Such support does not involve United States Armed Forces in hostilities with the Houthis for the purposes of the War Powers Resolution.” In the summer of 2019, President Trump ordered the deployment of a Patriot air defense battery to Prince Sultan Air Base in central Saudi Arabia, as Saudi King Salman reportedly approved the deployment of U.S. forces on Saudi territory. According to the State Department, “We stand firmly with our Saudi partners in defending their borders against these continued threats by the Houthis, who rely on Iranian-made weapons and technology to carry out such attacks.”

It is simply a way to fight against Iran, through supporting the Saudi-led intervention in Yemen and disregarding any atrocities that are carried out, since Saudi Arabia claims it attempts to avoid civilian casualties and tries to protect human rights, but that is still simply a claim that is backed by no concrete efforts whatsoever.

  • Sales of armaments and munitions to Gulf partners – Though the Obama Administration placed a hold on a planned sale of precision guided munitions (PGMs) to Saudi Arabiain 2016, both the Obama and Trump administrations have approved several billions of dollars in major weapons sales to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. When the Trump Administration notified Congress of 22 emergency arms sales in May 2019, Secretary Pompeo cited Iran’s “malign activity” and the need “to deter further Iranian adventurism in the Gulf and throughout the Middle East” as justification for the sales.

Again, any actions that are undertaken are specifically aimed at countering Iran, regardless of whether there’s really any concrete evidence of Iran being present there. Yes, the Houthis are supported by Iran, but it apparently never gets excessive. Iran’s “malign influence” is the be-all and end-all of all justifications.

  • Humanitarian Aid for Yemen – As previously mentioned (see, The Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen), the United States is one of the largest humanitarian contributors in Yemen.

How much of that humanitarian aid reaches those that require it the most, those trapped in al-Hudaydah with the Saudi-led coalition continuing its attacks on the city in spite of the UN-brokered ceasefire surely aren’t being reached by it, or not by a significant part of it.

  • Finally, here comes the other be-all end-all justification – counterterrorism efforts by the US in Yemen – the United States has continued to work with local and regional actors to counter terrorist groups operating in Yemen such as al-Qaeda and ISIS.

These counterterrorism efforts are outlined in a June 2019 letter by Trump to US Congress:

“A small number of United States military personnel are deployed to Yemen to conduct operations against al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and ISIS-Yemen. The United States military continues to work closely with the Republic of Yemen Government (ROYG) and regional partner forces to dismantle and ultimately eliminate the terrorist threat posed by those groups. Since the last periodic update report, United States forces conducted a number of airstrikes against AQAP operatives and facilities in Yemen, and supported the United Arab Emirates-and ROYG-led operations to clear AQAP from Shabwah Governorate. United States Armed Forces are also prepared to conduct airstrikes against ISIS targets in Yemen.”

In 2019 in southern Yemen, AQAP has periodicallystruck both ROYG troops and forces allied with the Southern Transitional Council. Fighting between the ROYG and the STC has raised some concern that a divided south will provide AQAP breathing room to reemerge as a terrorist threat both to Yemen and its neighbors.

Al-Hudaydah, one of the most significant, if not the most significant “stronghold” of the Houthis against the Saudi-led coalition is in the South, thus it would make sense it needs to be overwhelmed in order to defeat the terrorists. Such a justification is not too far from any possible future scenarios.

Regardless of this support, the Saudi-led coalition is losing against the Houthis, and it is losing heavily.

Even the UAE initiated a drawdown, with groups affiliated to it even carrying out strikes on the Saudi-controlled Southern Transitional Council (the “internationally-recognized” Yemen government).

“As previously mentioned, one possible explanation for the summer 2019 phased drawdown of UAE forces from Yemen was out of concern that the reputational damage the UAE had incurred from its active participation in the war in Yemen outweighed the military results it had achieved on the ground after more than four years of warfare.”

Clearly Saudi Arabia and the US have no such worries. After all, following the international outcry against Saudi Arabia’s aerial campaign in Yemen in 2018, Saudi Arabia reportedly invested $750 million in a training program through the U.S. military in helping mitigate civilian casualties. Clearly, they’re putting effort through paying copious amounts of money to silence the most influential “defender” of human rights – the US.

Reports praising US efforts to train and prepare the Saudi army for the fight are numerous, some of the most famous ones are regarding Maj. Gen. Frank Muth, who served as Program Manager (PM) for Saudi Arabian National Guard (OPM-SANG) for two years.

Muth quickly learned that the assignment needed three ingredients to be successful. “First, I had to develop a relationship with the Saudi leadership, and that took time and trust to build those relationships, and over time they trusted our recommendations,” Muth explained. “Of course, it wasn’t just me building the relationship, every Soldier and civilian that works for OPM-SANG plays a tremendous role in developing a strong relationship with their Saudi counterparts.”

He seems to have learned wrong, since his efforts led to quite little in terms of actual military success.

In the lengthy video he explains what transpired at SANG, and how it could’ve been successful back in 2017. In 2019 it is quite obvious that it wasn’t.

Most recently, the Saudi-led coalition’s “success,” in addition to the US’ massive support of its efforts there were once more reinforced.

The Houthis reported that they had carried out a successful months-long operation in southern Saudi Arabia that has resulted in the deaths of 500 Saudi-aligned troops and the capture of approximately 2,000.

Furthermore, the Houthis said that the attack on Aramco’s oil infrastructure was part of the operation, which the US and the Kingdom blamed on Iran. After all, drones and missiles went past several Patriot defense batteries and caused heavy damage, with almost all of them not being stopped. Those that were stopped, were actually aimed poorly, and weren’t really dismantled by the Patriot systems.

فیلد مارشال!@FieldMarshalPSO

Geolocation of Buqayq facilities Air defense systems.
this facilities at least defended by one Patriot PAC-2/3 , 3 Skyguard and one Shahine Batteries.

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Anthony Fenton@anthonyfenton

Saudi-Canadian LAVs as far as the eye can see

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Saudi Arabia has bought fighter jets, warships, air and missile defense systems for billions of dollars. The US even said that it plans to deploy more hardware to Saudi Arabia to defend it, that is surely not to be free, as well.

Regardless, there is very little result in terms of military success and a very large promise that if a larger regional conflict were to start, Saudi Arabia would be very decisively on the losing side of it.

MORE ON THE TOPIC:

Axis of Resistance.The West and its Allies Support al Qaeda and ISIS Globally

Global Research, October 04, 2019

The real Axis of Evil consists of Washington-led NATO and its allies. The magnitude of the human and environmental catastrophe is unimaginable in scope. Western governments and their agencies send strong delusion to North Americans, who remain largely ignorant to the reality of the catastrophe being committed in their names.

The Western War Of Terror, to which our governments remain committed, loots public treasuries to commit and sustain an overseas holocaust, wherein the West and its agencies support, command and control the very same terrorism that they proclaim to be fighting.

Dr. Gideon Polya notes in “An Iraqi Holocaust/ 2.7 Million Iraqi Dead From Violence Or War-imposed Deprivation” that the West’s supremely criminal war against Iraq alone

“led to 2.7 million Iraqi deaths from  violence (1.5 million) or from violently-imposed deprivation (1.2 million),” and that, “the West has now commenced its Seventh Iraq War since 1914 in over a century of Western violence in which Iraqi deaths from violence or violently-imposed deprivation have totaled  9 million. However Western Mainstream media have resolutely ignored the carnage, this tragically illustrating the adage ‘History ignored yields history repeated’.“

The West and its allies support al Qaeda and ISIS globally. They are the proxies, the “boots on the ground” that destroy sovereign, independent countries for their Western permanent-state masters. They are the essence of barbarism and evil, shrouded in torn veils of “plausible deniability” that deceive only those who willfully choose to be deceived.

Happily, the Axis of Resistance is becoming stronger. Each victory for those countries that oppose Western barbarism (including Yemen, Syria and Iraq) is a victory for nation-state sovereignty and territorial integrity, a victory for international law, a victory for dignity and civilization, a victory for truth, justice, peace, and a livable planet.

A multi-polar world order will impose restraints on the lunacy of the U.S-led New World Order, its global war, its predatory, anti-Life political economies, its poverty, and its growing holocaust.  Stripped of its war propaganda, the US-led monster is a global dictatorship that extracts disproportionate wealth from the world to a minute, transnational oligarch class.

Syria, Iraq, Iran, Russia, China, Yemen are all on the front lines against the West’s cancerous foreign policies of normalized Supreme International war crimes, of criminal blockades, of widespread, genocidal mass-murder, and the on-going destruction of a livable planet.

The crimes and their consequences are pre-planned and monstrous. The West murdered almost 600,000 Iraqi children when it intentionally destroyed water plants in Iraq through economic blockades. They bombed water infrastructure in Libya and Syria, and they are using the same tactics in Yemen, as well.  Civilian deaths are intended, planned for, they are mass murder. The predicted diseases, the cholera, are also anticipated.  The UN itself has condemned the cholera epidemic in Yemen as a “man-made disaster.”

Journalist David Pear notes in “The US-Led Genocide and Destruction of Yemen”:

“Since 2015 the cholera epidemic has been spread by biological warfare against Yemen. US bombs dropped by Saudi pilots destroyed Yemen’s public water and sewage systems. The parts, chemicals and fuel to operate Yemen’s water purification and sewage plants are blockaded. Potable water, cholera vaccine, and even individual water purification tablets cannot get in ….

The sewage from non-working treatment plants overflows into streams that run onto agricultural land, thus contaminating vegetables before they go to market. Sewage flows into the cities, residential areas and the refugee camps. Flies swarm over the sewage and spread cholera everywhere. The International Committee of the Red Cross, the Red Crescent, and Doctors Without Borders; hospitals, clinics and disaster relief organizations, and human rights workers have been deliberately bombed.”

Yemen, like its counterparts in the Resistance, seeks its own sovereign political economy, free from externally-imposed “neoliberal” diktats, the privatizations, the international financing and impoverishing “Structural Adjustment Programs”.

Yemen seeks to use its resources for the social uplift of its peoples, as guaranteed by the UN Charter and International law. Yemen seeks justice and truth and peace, as it fights the West’s al Qaeda terrorists, as it withstands the bombs furnished by the West, delivered by Saudi planes, commanded and controlled by the West. And Yemen is winning the war.

Shortly after the Aramco attacks, falsely blamed on Iran, Houthi forces defeated a large Saudi force in the Najran province, capturing 1000’s of soldiers, and littering the battlefield with light armored vehicles (LAVs) – manufactured by General Dynamics Lands Systems in London, Ontario, Canada.

(Instead of making environmentally-friendly fast trains, successive Canadian governments chose instead to manufacture LAVs for their Saudi and al Qaeda allies.)

In Phase Two of the offensive, Yemeni Armed Forces reportedly overtook three Saudi military bases and now control more than 150 square kilometers of Saudi territory.

These victories, as with Syria’s on-going victories over international terrorism, are ushering in a new era of multipolarity, an era that promises to be more resistant to the West’s terrorism, more resistant to the shackles of globalizing “neoliberal” parasitism, and more resistant to Washington’s unipolar agenda of permanent war and poverty – a cancerous agenda , toxic to humanity and toxic to a livable planet.

*

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Mark Taliano is a Research Associate of the Centre for Research on Globalization (CRG) and the author of Voices from Syria, Global Research Publishers, 2017. Visit the author’s website at https://www.marktaliano.net where this article was originally published.


Order Mark Taliano’s Book “Voices from Syria” directly from Global Research.

Mark Taliano combines years of research with on-the-ground observations to present an informed and well-documented analysis that refutes  the mainstream media narratives on Syria. 

Voices from Syria 

ISBN: 978-0-9879389-1-6

Author: Mark Taliano

Year: 2017

Pages: 128 (Expanded edition: 1 new chapter)

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3 Saudi brigades destroyed, scores of mercs captured in Najran offensive: Yemeni Army spox

The spokesman for Yemeni Armed Forces, Brigadier General Yahya Saree, speaks at a press conference in the capital Sana’a on September 28, 2019.

Sat Sep 28, 2019 03:26PM [Updated: Sat Sep 28, 2019 04:17PM

Press TV

The spokesman for Yemeni Armed Forces says three Saudi military brigades were completely destroyed after Yemeni Army troops, backed by allied fighters from Popular Committees, mounted a large-scale military offensive in the kingdom’s southern border region of Najran.

Speaking at a press conference in the capital Sana’a on Saturday evening, Brigadier General Yahya Saree described the major and efficient operation, dubbed God’s Victory, as the biggest-ever since Saudi Arabia and some of its allies embarked an atrocious military campaign on Yemen more than four years ago, noting that the offensive lasted several months and inflicted dramatic losses – both in terms of military hardware and personnel – upon the enemy, the media bureau of Yemen’s Houthi Ansarullah movement said in a statement.

“The operation resulted in the complete destruction of three military brigades of the enemy (Saudi) forces, seizure of large quantities of military equipment, including hundreds of vehicles and armored vehicles, capture of thousands of enemy forces, mostly traitors and the beguiled (Saudi-sponsored Yemeni militiamen loyal to Yemen’s former president Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi). Hundreds more were killed and wounded in the process as well,” Saree pointed out.

The high-profile Yemeni military official highlighted that Saudi commanders, officers and soldiers are among those captured by Yemeni forces and Popular Committees fighters.

“Only 72 hours after the start of the operation, our forces laid full siege to enemy troops. Three brigades of traitors with units of the Saudi army were completely destroyed, and scores of people taken hostage,” Saree said.

He added, “Under the directives of the leadership [of Ansarullah movement, Abdul-Malik al-Houthi], all prisoners were treated according to the principles of Islam, Yemen’s customs and traditions as well as human ethics. Our forces worked to protect thousands of surrendered enemy forces against retaliatory raids by the coalition of aggression.”

Saree then assured all families of the prisoners that Yemeni forces and their allies would take further measures to save them from harm against Saudi-led airstrikes.

The spokesman for Yemeni Armed Forces went on to say that several specialized units of Yemeni Armed Forces participated in the operation in different geographical areas, and that Yemeni army forces and their allies could wrest control over hundreds of square kilometers of land in Najran.

Saudi Arabia and a number of its regional allies launched a devastating campaign against Yemen in March 2015, with the goal of bringing the government of Hadi back to power and crushing Ansarullah.

The US-based Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED), a nonprofit conflict-research organization, estimates that the war has claimed more than 91,000  lives over the past four and a half years.

The war has also taken a heavy toll on the country’s infrastructure, destroying hospitals, schools, and factories. The UN says over 24 million Yemenis are in dire need of humanitarian aid, including 10 million suffering from extreme levels of hunger.

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Two Million Yemeni Children Unschooled – UNICEF

Two Million Yemeni Children Unschooled - UNICEF

By Staff, Agencies

Two million children and teenagers are out of school in war-torn Yemen, a fourth of whom have dropped out since the conflict escalated in March 2015, the United Nations children’s fund reported.

The education of a further 3.7 million children is at risk as teachers’ salaries have not been paid in more than two years, UNICEF said in a statement on Wednesday.

“Violence, displacement and attacks on schools are preventing many children from accessing school,” said Sara Beysolow Nyanti, the UNICEF representative in Yemen.

Saudi Arabia and its allies launched a devastating bombing campaign in the impoverished Middle East country nearly five years ago.

At least 10,000 people have lost their lives in the war and more than 24 million – more than two-thirds of the population – are in dire need of assistance and at possible risk of starvation.

The UN says the country is facing the worst humanitarian emergency followed by Afghanistan, Cameroon and the Central African Republic.

One in five schools in the country can no longer be used as a direct result of the conflict that has devastated Yemen’s already-fragile education system, the UN agency said.

According to UNICEF, 1.8 million children under the age of five are suffering from severe malnutrition.

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CHILDREN ARE KILLED BY AMERICAN WEAPONS IN YEMEN EVERY YEAR. THEN A REFINERY BLOWS UP, AND AMERICA SUDDENLY PAYS ATTENTION | OPINION

Source
Anthony Harwood, FORMER FOREIGN EDITOR OF THE DAILY MAIL

It’s like the start of a bad joke.

Saudi Arabia up in Flames: Riyadh Is Headed for a Major Disaster

Image result for Saudi Arabia up in Flames: Riyadh Is Headed for a Major Disaster
Federico Pieraccini
September 19, 2019

On Saturday September 14, Yemen’s Houthi rebels announced that they had conducted a massive attack on several Aramco plants in Saudi Arabia, including the largest oil refinery in the world in Abqaiq, using 10 drones. On Twitter, dozens of videos and photos showed explosions, flames and the resulting damage.

The move is part of a retaliatory campaign by the Houthis in response to the indiscriminate bombings conducted by the Saudi air force over more than four years. UN estimates speak of more than 100,000 deaths and the largest humanitarian crisis since the Second World War.

The Saudi kingdom finds itself in an increasingly dangerous situation as a result of the retaliatory capacity of the Houthis, able to inflict severe military and economic damage on Riyadh with their missile forces. Estimates suggest that Riyadh is losing something in the region of $300 million a day from the Houthi attacks. On Sunday September 15, a spokesman for the Saudi oil ministry spoke of damage that is yet to be calculated, possibly requiring weeks of repair. Meanwhile, Saudi oil production has halved following the Saturday attack. With a military budget of $200,000, the Houthis managed to inflict damage numbering in the billions of dollars.

House of Saud Isolated

The withdrawal of Egypt and the United Arab Emirates from the conflict in Yemen, driven by their desire to improve relations with Tehran, and the impossibility of the United States intervening directly in the conflict, has created significant problems for the House of Saud. The conflict is considered by the UN to be the largest humanitarian crisis in the world, and Trump has no intention of giving the Democratic presidential contenders any ammunition with which to attack him. Bolton’s dismissal could be one of those Trump signals to the deep state stating that he does not intend to sabotage his re-election hopes in 2020 by starting a new war.

This reluctance by Washington to directly support Israel and Saudi Arabia has aggravated the situation for Riyadh, which now risks seeing the conflict move to its own territory in the south of the country. The Houthi incursions into Saudi Arabia are now a daily event, and as long as Riyadh continues to commit war crimes against innocent Yemeni civilians, the situation will only worsen, with increasingly grave consequences for the internal stability of the Saudi system.

Saturday’s retaliation is the real demonstration of what could happen to the Saudi economy if Mohammed bin Salman (MBS) refuses to sit down and negotiate a way out of one of the worst military disasters of the contemporary era.

The invincibility of US weapons systems is only in Hollywood movies

The Houthis have in recent months managed to strike their targets in Saudi Arabia dozens of times using different aerial means. This highlights once again the total failure of American air-defense systems in the country.

In contrast, the multiple Russian anti-aircraft systems in Syria have achieved a 100% success rate with regard to interceptions, managing to disable (through electronic warfare) all the drones, mortars and missiles launched by jihadists against Russia’s bases in Tartus bases and Latakia.

Blame Iran!

Pompeo blames Tehran for the Yemeni attack on Saudi Arabia, of course without offering any proof. Riyadh and Tel Aviv are increasingly isolated in the Middle East. Washington is only able to offer tweets and paranoia about Iran to help its allies, given that a direct intervention is seen as being too risky for the global economy, not to mention the possibility of the conflict becoming a wider regional conflagration that would sink any chance of reelection in 2020 for the present administration.

Trump, Netanyahu and MBS are concocting a witches’ brew that will bring about a disaster of unprecedented proportions to the region. It is only a matter of time before we see the baleful consequences of their handiwork.

A hypothesis to be discarded

There is some talk doing the rounds that the Saudis conducted a false-flag attack on their own oil refineries, a hypothesis that enjoys a superficial plausibility. The resulting increase in the price of oil could be seen as having a positive effect on Aramco’s share price, it is true. But for the reasons given below, this hypothesis is actually not plausible.

The Houthis develop their own weapons, assisted by the Yemeni army. Used drones would cost less than $20,000 a piece. The military embargo on Yemen (enforced by the US and UK) has created a humanitarian disaster, limiting food and medicine. The delivery of weapons by sea therefore seems unlikely. As repeatedly stated by Mohammad Javad Zarif, the foreign minister of Iran, as well as representatives of Ansarullah, Tehran has no influence on the Houthis.

The Yemeni response is part of an increasing asymmetric logic, which has as its primary objectives the halt to Riyadh’s bombings of Yemen by increasing the costs of doing so such that they become unsustainable. The obvious pressure point is the 20 billion barrels in strategic reserves.

There is no need for a false flag to blame Iran for the work of the Houthis. The corporate media is enough to have the false accusations repeated without the help of the Israelis or US-based neocons.

The Saudis are more cautious, even if unable to decide how to proceed. In Yemen, they have no more cards to play: they do not want to sit down and deal with Ansarullah, Tehran is unassailable, while Tel Aviv is pushing for a conflict, with Riyadh offered to be sacrificed.

I have been writing for months that, sooner or later, an event will occur that will change the regional balance in a possible conflict with Iran. This happened on Saturday, when half of Saudi Arabia’s oil production was brought to a halt by an attack.

Conclusion

There could not be any worse news for the neocons, Wahhabis and Zionists. If the Houthis could inflict such damage using 10 drones, then Tel Aviv, Riyadh and Washington must be having conniptions at the thought of what the Iranians would be capable of doing in the event that they themselves were attacked.

Any power (in this case the US and their air-defense systems) and its close ally would do everything to avoid suffering such a humiliation that would only serve to reveal their military vulnerabilities.

Meanwhile, Netanyahu’s visit to Moscow is seen by many in Israel as a failure. It is confirmed in Tel Aviv that the Zionist state’s recent attacks in Syria have been quashed by Russian intervention, sending an unambiguous message to Netanyahu.

Netanyahu and MBS, I reiterate, are heading towards the political abyss. And given their inability to handle the situation, they will do everything in their power to draw Washington into their plans against Iran.

It is all certainly vain. But in the coming weeks, I expect further provocations and tensions in the Middle East.

ما حقيقة المفاوضات السرية بين أميركا وحركة أنصار الله؟

سبتمبر 9, 2019

د. حكم أمهز

د.حكم أمهز: ابن سلمان نيرون العصر.. مهر عرشه “القدس المحتلة”
تمويهاً للواقع والحقيقة، كان الإعلان من قبل الخارجية الأميركية بأنها تخوض محادثات سرية مع حركة أنصار الله اليمنية بهدف إيجاد حلّ للأزمة اليمنية. توقيت ومكان تصريحات مساعد وزير الخارجية الأميركي لشؤون الشرق الأوسط، ديفيد شينكر، جاءا خلال زيارته الى المملكة العربية السعودية، ما يعكس دلالات فرض القرار الأميركي على السعودية المتخبّطة بالهزائم في المستنقع اليمني.

حاول شينكر ان يحدّد ماهية المحادثات أكثر، بقوله بدأنا إجراء محادثات بقدر الإمكان مع الحوثيين في محاولة لإيجاد حلّ تفاوضي مقبول بالنسبة للجميع بشأن النزاع .

ثم أردف يقول نحن نعمل مع المبعوث الأممي إلى اليمن، مارتن غريفيث، ونقيم اتصالات مع شركائنا السعوديين .

تصريح فيه من الغموض ما يدفع الى طرح الكثير من الأسئلة، هل هي محادثات أو مفاوضات؟ وكيف تجري؟ ومَن يُجريها؟ وأين؟ وكيف؟ وما هي الشروط المطروحة؟

وفقاً لمصادر متابعة، فإنّ المحادثات الجارية هي غير مباشرة بين الأميركيين وحركة أنصار الله، ساحتها سلطنة عُمان، ويديرها رئيس الوفد اليمني المفاوض والناطق الرسمي باسم الحركة محمد عبد السلام، بمساعدة عضده الأيمن عضو الوفد المفاوض عبد الملك العجري.

وللتوضيح أكثر، فإنّ ما يجري هذه الأيام، ترتيبات لمفاوضات محتملة، مع مناقشة شروط حركة أنصار الله للقبول بالمفاوضات، فإنْ أذعن الأميركي لها، يبدأ التفاوض وإلا فلا.

تتولى سلطنة عُمان بشكل أساس، المحادثات التمهيدية غير المباشرة، بين الحركة وواشنطن، وتجري الحركة على جنباتها، اتصالات، مع دول أوروبية، تمثل بعضها في لقاء السفراء الأوروبيّين الذي عقد في الخارجية الإيرانية في طهران وقيل إنه يأتي في إطار مشاورات الجمهورية الإسلامية الإيرانية بغية الحلّ السياسي لأزمة اليمن، وشارك فيه وفد إيراني برئاسة مساعد وزير الخارجية في الشؤون السياسية الخاصة علي أصغر خاجي وهو من كبار الدبلوماسيين الهامين ووفد من أنصار الله برئاسة المتحدث بإسم أنصار الله محمد عبد السلام وسفراء ورؤساء ممثليات أربع دول أوروبية هي بريطانيا وفرنسا والمانيا وايطاليا.

أعقب ذلك تعيين صنعاء ابراهيم الديلمي، سفيراً فوق العادة ومفوضاً في الجمهورية الاسلامية الإيرانية.

أحداث لا تنفصل عن بعضها لا سيما إذا ربطناها، بلقاء عبد السلام، بنائب وزير الخارجية الروسي ميخائيل بوغدانوف، وإجرائه اتصالاً بالسفير الصيني لدى اليمن، ثم لقاء بسفير بريطانيا في اليمن مايكل آرون.

اذن، نفي عضو المكتب السياسي لحركة أنصار الله محمد البخيتي لوجود مفاوضات مع الأميركيين، كان صحيحاً، لأنه ليس هناك من مفاوضات مباشرة فعلاً، اما التصريح الأدق بهذا الشأن، فجاء من العجري، بقوله إنه بـ فرض حصول أيّ حوار مع الولايات المتحدة فسيكون باعتبارها جزءاً من الحرب وتملك الكثير من مفاتيح إيقافها ، مضيفاً «إننا ننظر للدعوات الأميركية بنوع من الريبة ونشك في جديتها ودوافعها سواء انتخابية أو للتخلص من ضغوط الرأي العام أو لإبراء الساحة الأميركية».

المهمّ في الأمر، أنّ طلب اجراء مفاوضات سرية مباشرة بين السعودية من جهة وحركة أنصار الله من جهة ثانية، جاء بطلب من الولايات المتحدة الأميركية وليس من صنعاء، لأسباب ابرزها:

وصول الإدارة الأميركية الى قناعة بأنّ الحلّ لن يكون عسكرياً في اليمن، وكلما طال الوقت كانت الهزيمة الكبرى للسعودية في الساحة اليمنية أقرب. وترامب يريد إخراج نفسه وأتباعه السعودية والامارات من مأزق اليمن بعد ان بدأت صواعق اليمنيين تحرق المطارات والمواقع العسكرية والمحطات النفطية السعودية والإماراتية، ما يهدّد بإسقاط نظاميهما، وتكون أميركا و اسرائيل الخاسر الأكبر.

الرئيس دونالد ترامب يعمل على ترتيب أوضاعه تمهيداً للانتخابات الرئاسية وهو لا يريد أن يفاجَأ بأيّ طارئ، لذا هو يعمل على إيجاد تسوية «هرب» من أفغانستان مع طالبان، ويكثف جهوده للحصول على نتيجة مع نظيره الكوري الشمالي كيم جونغ اون، ويكثف الضغوط على طهران، لإخضاعها، ويسرّع في العمل لطرح «صفقة القرن».

أهداف تدركها صنعاء جيداً، ولا تريد أن تبيع لترامب إلا بالأغلى، خاصة أنّ الطلب الأميركي بالمفاوضات يأتي في أعقاب هزائم السعودية في اليمن، وتصدّع وتشقق تحالف العدوان وآخره صراع النفوذ الإماراتي السعودي في جنوب اليمن، وتحوّل اليمنيين من موقع الدفاع الى موقع الهجوم.

أمام هذه الحقائق فإنّ اليمنيين يشترطون قبل بدء المفاوضات:

1 – التأكد من انّ الأميركيين، جاهزون لإنهاء العدوان.

وقال عضو الوفد المفاوض عبد الملك العجري في اتصال أجريته معه شخصياً ، نحن نعتبر التفاوض معهم الأميركيين طبيعي، لأنهم القيادة الفعلية للعدوان مع الرياض، لكن لم تتأكد لدينا جدّيتهم بعد، بأنهم جاهزون لإنهاء العدوان، وليس فقط لإبراء ساحتهم ، وعندما سألته، وإنْ تأكدتم من جديتهم هل تبدأ بعدها المفاوضات؟ أجاب عندها لكلّ حادث حديث .

2- وقف العدوان ورفع الحصار عن اليمن بما فيه مطار صنعاء، قبل البدء بالمفاوضات.

3 – التفاوض لا يكون مع السعوديين بل مع الأميركيين.

4 – توفير مظلة دولية للمفاوضات، دورها، تأمين الضمانات لتنفيذ ما يتمّ الاتفاق عليه، لأنّ ترامب والسعوديين لا يفون بالتعهّدات . وهناك رأي عند بعض مسؤولي حركة أنصار الله أن يُصادق على أيّ اتفاق محتمل في مجلس الأمن الدولي.

بكلّ الاحوال وبمجرد ان تجبر أميركا الراعي الرسمي للعدوان على اليمن منذ خمس سنوات على طلب مفاوضات مع أنصار الله، فهذا يعني:

1 – اعتراف أميركي بحركة أنصار الله كقوة شرعية يمنية، وبأنها قوة تفاوض بشكل ندّي مع الأميركيين لا من موقع ضعف.

2 – إقرار أميركي بأنّ من انتصر في العدوان على اليمن هم اليمنيون وحركة أنصار الله، ولو كانت الغلبة لتحالف العدوان لما اضطر الرئيس ترامب على طلب المفاوضات بل كان أكمل العدوان حتى أكمل القضاء على اليمن وأهله، والدليل انه حصلت مفاوضات عدة مرات سابقاً، وأسفرت عن اتفاقات، وكان ينقضها الأميركي واتباعه في التحالف العدواني.

3 – فشل منظومات الدفاع الجوي الأميركية الأكثر تطوّراً في صدّ وكشف صواريخ أنصار الله البالستية وطائراتهم المسيّرة التي وصلت الى أقصى الأراضي السعودية والإماراتية، واستهدفت مطارات ومواقع نفطية وعسكرية حيوية. وفي المقابل انتصرت وتفوّقت التقنية البالستية اليمنية، والطائرات المسيّرة المحلية الصنع.

اذن حركة أنصار الله لن تبدأ مفاوضات الا إذا ضمنت الحق اليمنيين وإعادة الحق الى أهله.

خبير في شؤون إيران والشرق الأوسط.

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