I am on trial in Germany for peacefully protesting Israeli apartheid

BDS activist Majed Abusalama shares a court statement he delivered after being tried for protesting an Israeli MK’s talk in Berlin
'It is my civil duty to speak up for my Palestinian community' (AFP)

‘It is my civil duty to speak up for my Palestinian community’ (AFP)

I am in the midst of a nightmare because I dared to call for equality, justice, freedom and dignity for Palestinians. My activism in Germany as part of the international boycott, divestment and sanctions (BDS) movement has landed me before the court.

Last month, charges were levied against me and my two Jewish comrades, Ronnie Barkan and Stavit Sinai. Together, we are known as the #humboldt3, because we peacefully protested a talk at Humboldt University in Berlin by Knesset member Aliza Lavie, who supported Israel’s 2014 war on the besieged Gaza Strip.

I have been deeply touched by the international support we have received throughout this ordeal. However, we still need all human rights defenders and friends of Palestine to stand with us, since we are going through a re-trial following Israeli pressure to convict us.

Many have told me that I will overcome – but what they might not know is that as a three-decade survivor of the Israeli occupation, the experience of violence, oppression and collective punishment has taught me to keep fighting for life.

In the courtroom, sitting as a criminal, I gave the following statement.

Shared humanity

I am standing here on trial as a criminal defendant, along with my comrades, as a result of us daring to speak up publicly against Israel’s crimes against humanity in my beloved Palestine. It came out of my responsibility as a humanist, and as a Palestinian, to respond to Aliza Lavie, who was in the coalition that decided to slaughter, displace, bombard, torture, imprison and obliterate my beloved people in 2014.

It was my moral duty to call her out for her crimes against humanity. Throughout the event, I was silent, only listening in pain as Lavie spoke. I saw her speaking with joy about her so-called democratic country – but in reality, she was rejoicing at the blood of my people, without any shame.

There was one image that I saw in my mind and felt in my heart: that of my friends who lost their limbs while protesting peacefully

There was one image that I saw in my mind and felt in my heart: that of my friends who lost their limbs while protesting peacefully for justice and freedom inside the Gaza ghetto.

I thought of all my family and friends living a brutal, horrific life under Israeli apartheid, imprisoned and illegally collectively punished.

I saw tens of thousands of homes destroyed in Israeli massacres. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians have been rendered homeless as a result of the 2014 Gaza massacre and other Israeli onslaughts.

Your honour, if you were in my place – and you will not be, because you will never understand the feeling of waiting for a bomb to fall on your family’s or your neighbour’s home – you would understand how hard it is to live in this continuous horror.

Collective duty

I was shot in the leg with a live bullet while protesting peacefully – planting olive trees – at the Gaza fence in 2014. Lavie, who has been in the Knesset since 2013, is among those who bear responsibility for the bullet that disabled me for months, and damaged me for a lifetime.

Our actions at Humboldt University should be honoured, as it is the moral duty of every humanist to speak up against criminals, especially those complicit in crimes against humanity. As activists for human rights, this is our collective duty – not only in Israel, but also in Europe and specifically Germany, where we live.

We, human rights advocates, think it is our duty collectively to confront any criminal, not only in Israel, but also in Europe.

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We, the Palestinians and Jews who escaped apartheid in Israel, are here in Germany to fulfill our civil and moral duty to fight for transnational solidarity, equality and justice – to rally all communities together around our shared humanity.

I came to live in Germany as a citizen of this world, hoping that I would no longer suffer under the confinement of Israeli apartheid. But I have discovered that Israeli apartheid is spreading to Germany.

Fear of speaking out

The thousands of Muslims and Palestinians in Germany do not feel safe to speak up. They feel they could be persecuted at any time, simply for shouting “Free Palestine” or dreaming to return freely to their homes, in accordance with the UN-mandated right of return. They fear persecution for calling for equality, dignity, freedom and justice in Gaza.

It is my civil duty to speak up for my Palestinian community

Your honour, for days, I was unable to sleep after encountering the fabrication of us being criminals for speaking up against Israeli apartheid. Yet I realise it is my duty as a future citizen of this country to change the discourse in Germany around Israel’s crimes.

It is my civil duty to speak up for my Palestinian community and for the implementation of international law in our land – and for our freedom to express ourselves and to protest in Germany.

I am standing in front of you today to demand justice, not only for myself and my comrades, but for all those pursuing justice and equality in Germany and Palestine.

The above statement has been edited for length and clarity.

The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye.

Majed Abusalama
Majed Abusalama is a human rights defender, scholar and independent journalist who hails from Jabalia Refugee Camp in Gaza. He has been worked with International and Palestinian non-profit organisations on the intersections of sustainability, reforming aid, entrepreneurship, and organic conflict transformation. He tweets@MajedAbusalama.
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Weekly report on israel’s terrorism on Palestinians (04 April – 10 April 2019)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations  (04– 10 April 2019)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (04– 10 April 2019)

Israeli forces continue systematic crimes in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt)

(04 – 10 April 2019)

  • Israeli forces continued to use excessive force against the peaceful protestors in the Gaza Strip.
  • 115 civilians, including 28 children, 5 women and 3 journalists, were wounded. The injury of 2 of them was reported serious.
  • 4 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children, were wounded in the West Bank.
  • Israeli forces conducted 71 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 3 other incursions into the Gaza Strip.
  • 54 Palestinian civilians, including 13 children, were arrested in the West Bank.
  • 12 of them, including 8children, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem.
  • 2 Palestinian young men sneaked via the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel.
  • Shooting incidents continued against Palestinian farmers and shepherds in the border areas of the Gaza Strip, but no casualties were reported.

 

  • Israeli authorities continued to create a Jewish majority in occupied East Jerusalem.
  • 2 civilians were forced to self-demolish their houses.

 

  • 8 Shooting incidents were reported against the fishing boats in the Gaza Strip Sea.
  • Israeli forces turned the West Bank into cantons and continued to impose the illegal closure on the Gaza Strip for the 13th consecutive year.
  • Israeli forces established 92 permanent checkpoints and 129 temporary checkpoints in the West Bank.
  • 10 Palestinian civilians were arrested at military checkpoints in the West Bank.

 

Summary

 

Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period (04 – 10 April 2019).

 

Shooting:

 

In the Gaza Strip, the Israeli forces continued to use lethal force against the participants in the peaceful protests organized along the Gaza Strip borders, which witnessed the peaceful protests for the 53rd week along the eastern and northern border area of the Gaza Strip. They also continued to use force against Palestinians protesting against the incursions into the West Bank. In the Gaza Strip, Israeli forces wounded 115 civilians, including 28 children, 5 women and 3 journalists. The injury of 2 of those wounded was reported serious. In the West Bank, Israeli forces wounded 4 Palestinian civilians.

 

Injuries in the Gaza Strip from 04 to 10 April 2019 According to the Governorate

 

Governorate Injuries
Total Children Women Journalists Paramedics Critical Injuries
Northern Gaza Strip 22 0 0 0 0 0
Gaza City 45 10 2 0 0 0
Central Gaza Strip 25 12 3 1 0 0
Khan Yunis 8 2 0 2 0 0
Rafah 15 4 0 0 0 2
Total 115 28 5 3 0 2

 

 

  • As part of targeting the Palestinian fishermen in the sea, the Israeli forces continued to escalate their attacks against the Palestinian fishermen, indicating the on-going Israeli policy to target their livelihoods. During the reporting period, PCHR documented 8 incidents were as follows: 4 incidents off al-Waha resort shore; 2 incidents off al-Soudaniya in the northern Gaza Strip, and 2 off Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip.

 

  • As part of targeting the border areas, on 07 April 2019, Israeli forces opened fire at a number of Palestinians, who were collecting gravels near Sofa Site, east of Shokah in eastern Rafah City. However, neither casualties nor damage to property was reported.  The shooting recurred in the abovementioned area on 09 April 2019.

 

  • On the same day, Israeli forces opened fire at the border area adjacent to the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel in the northern Gaza Strip. However, neither casualties nor damage to the property was reported.

 

  • On 08 April 2019, Israeli forces fired flare bombs in the border area in eastern ‘Abasan, east of Khan Younis, and sporadically opened fire. Later, the Israeli media said that the Israeli forces arrested 2 young men who sneaked via the border fence.

 

  • On 09 April 2019, Israeli forces opened fire and fired teargas canisters at the shepherds and workers in eastern al-Fokhari village in the vicinity of Sofa Military Site, southeast of Khan Younis. The shooting recurred in the abovementioned area on 10 April 2019.

 

In the West Bank, the Israeli forces wounded 4 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children, in separate shooting incidents.

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 71 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 4 other incursions into Jerusalem and its suburbs. During those incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 42 Palestinians, including 4 children, from the West Bank, while 12 other civilians, including 8 children, were arrested from Jerusalem and its suburbs.

 

In the Gaza Strip, on 04 April 2019, Israeli forces moved into eastern ‘Abasan al-Jadidah, east of Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip.  They levelled lands along the border fence between Gaza and Israel and headed to the south before redeploying along the border fence in front of al-Farahin neighbourhood, east of ‘Abasan al-Kabirah.

 

On 10 April 2019, Israeli forces moved 100 meters to the southern coastal in the northwestern side of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip.  They leveled and combed lands that were previously leveled amidst Israeli sporadic shooting.  However, no casualties were reported.

 

On 10 April 2019, Israeli forces moved 50 meters into al-Shokah village, east of Rafah City in the southern Gaza Strip.  They levelled lands in front of the Return encampment and later redeployed along the border fence with Israel.

Israeli authorities continued to create a Jewish majority in occupied East Jerusalem.

  • As part of the Israeli house demolitions and notices, on Saturday, 06 April 2019, Nabih al-Basti self-demolished parts of his house in al-Wad neighbourhood in the Old City of occupied East Jerusalem, to apply the Israeli Municipality’s decision and to avoid paying the destruction costs and high fines to the Municipality. The abovmentioned civilian said that the Israeli muncpality forced him to demolish the outside walls and ceiling in addition to the pillars in his house in al-Wad neighbourhood next to “House Peace” Hotel.  It should be noted that in 2016 he self-demolished his house from the inside, rendering it uninhabitable.
  • On 09 April 2019, Razina Family self-demolished their residential building in Bir’Onah in Beit Jala, to apply the Israeli municipality in occupied Jerusalem and to avoid paying the high demolition costs and fines to the municipality. Walid Razina said that the Israeli authorities handed him a notice from the court that before 10 April 2019 the house of his brother, Ayman Rezeq Razinah and his sons, Rezeq, Mohammed and Saleh shall be demolished or they will demolish and force him to pay the expenses.

 

Israeli Forces continued their settlement activities, and the settlers continued their attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property

 

  • As part of settlement expansion and house demolitions, on 07 April 2019, the Israeli forces handed 7 families notices to demolish their dwellings, which are mobile houses built of tin plates and shelter 44 persons, in al-Mofqerah and al-Rakiz Kherbas,s outheast of Yata in the southern Hebron.

 

  • On 08 April 2019, the Israeli Civil Administration distributed notices to evacuate lands belonging to Palestinian civilians in al-Khemar (al-Harayeq) in Batir village, west of Bethlehem. Taysseer Qotash, Head of Batir Municipality said that the Israeli Civil Administration distributed notices among agricultural lands owners in al-Kemar area and ordered them not to enter the lands claiming that these lands belong to the state of Israel. Moreover, the Israeli Civil Administration gave the lands’ owners 30 days starting from the day they received the notices to challenge the decision.

 

  • During the reporting period, the Israeli authorities issued 3 military orders to seize 1191 dunums from the Palestinian agricultural lands. Two of these orders are about the construction of 2 new settlement roads; one in the northern West Bank and the other in the Southern, while the third order is about closing areas for military purposes. Based on the decisions and the attached road plans clarifying their tracks, the construction of these 2 roads would lead to swallowing up hundreds of dunums of Palestinian agricultural lands as well as the dunums already included in the seizure orders.

 

 

  • As part of Israeli settlers’ attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property, PCHR’s fieldworkers during the reporting period 7 incidents carried out by settlers that resulted in the injury of a Palestinian civilian with bruises and another with a stone to the head. Moroever, 8 civilian cars sustained damage.  Most prominent incidents were as follows:
  • On 04 April 2019, stones were thrown at the Palestinian cars passing by “Halmish” settlement intersection, northwest of Ramallah.
  • On 05 April 2019, riots were carried put at the entrance to evacuated “Homash” settlement on Nablus-Jenin Street, northwest of Nablus.
  • On 05 April 2019, ‘Orif village, south of Nablus, was raided.
  • On 07 April 2019, 10 olive trees were uprooted in Kerm al-Dough area, east of Yanoun village, east of Nablus.
  • On 08 April 2019, a group of Israeli settlers threw stones at Palestinian vehicles on the Main Street of Jibia village, north of Ramallah. As a result,  a Palestinian civilian was hit with a stone to the head.
  • On 10 April 2019, a group of settlers from ‘Ein Yabrud village, northeast of Ramallah, attacked Palestinian cars and wrote slogans calling for killing Arabs on the wall of a house belonging to Mustafa Shehadah and the vehicles.

 

 

Details

 

  1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas, and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

 

Thursday, 04 April 2019:

 

  • At approximately 00:45, Israeli forces moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested two Palestinian civilians, including a child, taking them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Mojahed Mahmoud Talal (15) and Mohammad Ayman Nemir Kandeel (21).

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Yamun village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Nowar Mazen Nawahda (22) and ‘Omar Kamel ‘Ezzat al-Ja’bari (25), taking them to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mohammad Suleiman al-Dab’ee (22) and Yusuf Salem Hashash (23), taking them to an unknown destination.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-Masaken al-Shabia neighborhood, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Na’eem Mohammad Abu Turkey (24) and then arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Madama village, south of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Baraa Wajeeh Qit (21) and then arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 02:40, Israeli forces moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Khaldoun Rawhee al-Bargouthi (24) and Yasser Ibraheem Fahel (22) and then arrested them, taking them to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces moved into Na’leen village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ahmad al-Habazy (27) and then arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 05:30, Israeli forces moved into Qabatiya village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to ‘Ezz al-Deen Hassan Mahmoud Kameel, which is located in the eastern neighborhood, and then confiscated money estimated at NIS 5600. After that, the Israeli forces raided a house belonging to Islam Nassry Abu al-Rab, which is located in al-Damouni Mount area, and then confiscated money estimated at NIS 2210. Furthermore, the Israeli forces raided and searched Ibraheem Mohammad Hussien al-Sweity, which is located in al-Zakarna Mount area, and then confiscated money estimated at NIS 1510 under the pretext of “funding terrorism”. The Israeli forces handed the three civilians a warrant for their confiscated money.

 

  • At approximately 07:45, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sodanya shore, west of Jabalia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased and heavily fired sound bombs and live bullets at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within three nautical miles. As a result, the fishermen fled for fear of their lives and no injuries or damage to the boats were reported.

 

  • At approximately 08:00, Israeli forces backed by several military vehicles moved around 100 meters into the east of ‘Abasan al-Jadida, east of Khan Yunis, south of the Gaza Strip. The military vehicles combed and leveled lands along the border fence with Israel towards the south. Few hours later, they redeployed along the border fence adjacent to al-Faraheen neighborhood, east of ‘Abasan al-Kabira.

 

  • At approximately 08:35, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased and heavily fired sound bombs and live bullets at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within approximately two nautical miles. Moreover, the shooting at the Palestinian fishing boats in the same area recurred at approximately 18:15. As a result, the fishermen fled for fear of their lives and no injuries or damage to the boats were reported.

 

  • At approximately 14:30, Israeli forces moved into Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They heavily deployed in the camp and sporadically fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a 16-year-old child was hit with a sound bomb shrapnel.

 

  • At approximately 19:00, Israeli forces moved into ‘Azzun, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched a house belonging to Yazzan Ahmad ‘Omar Qattash (19) and then arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (12) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: ‘Anabta and Kafr Rumman villages, east of Tulkarm; ‘Awarta, Salem, Buirn, and Sebastia villages in Nablus; Beit ‘Ummar and Karma villages and al-‘Aroub refugee camp in Hebron; ‘Arora village, northwest of Ramallah, Birzeit, north of the city, and al-Balou’ neighborhood, north of al-Beira.

 

 

Friday, 05 April 2019:

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Sarta village, northwest of Salfit. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammad Khaled Mahmoud al-Khateeb (57) and then arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 22:00, Israeli forces backed by several military vehicles moved into Mothalath al-Shuhada village, south of Jenin. Meanwhile, Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli military vehicles. The Israeli forces immediately fired live and rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 17-year-old child was hit with a rubber bullet to the head and then transferred to Martyr Dr. Khalil Souliman Governmental Hospital in Jenin to receive treatment.

 

  • Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (9) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Qalqilya; Ya’bad, ‘Araba, Qabatia villages in Jenin; Burin village in Nablus; and Dura, Yatta, al-Karmel and Sa’ir villages in Hebron.

 

 

Saturday, 06 April 2019:

 

  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli gunboats stationed off Khan Yunis shore, south of the Gaza Strip, chased, opened fire and pumped water at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed sailing area. As a result, the fishermen fled for fear of their lives and no injuries or damage to the boats were reported.

 

  • Note:During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (3) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Bani Na’eem and Sa’ir villages and al-‘Aroub refugee camp in Hebron.

 

 

Sunday, 07 April 2019

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron, and stationed in Abu al-Kamara Valley area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Hamza Moussa al-Darabee’ (24) and then arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into Sa’ir village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohanad Mahmoud Jadradat (24) and then arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence with Israel, east of al-Shoka village, east of Rafah, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians, who were collecting gravel, near Sofa military site, and no injuries were reported.

 

  • At approximately 12:00, a group of Israeli undercover “Musta’ribeen” units, dressed like Palestinian civilians, sneaked into al-Sawiya village, south of Nablus, by a car with a Palestinian registration plate. The car stopped at Ramallah-Nablus Street intersection, leading to the adjacent village of Qabalan. The unit’s members stopped a Palestinian car and arrested the driver, taking him to their car and then withdrew. Following that, Israeli forces arrived at the area and confiscated the car, taking it to an unknown destination. After that, it was found that the arrested civilian namely Ahmad Moussa Dwoud Sa’eed (30), from Qabalan village, had driven his parents to al-Samawia village and was arrested by a “Musta’ribeen” unit on his way back.

 

  • At approximately 12:05, Israeli forces stationed in watchtowers at Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at the border area along the border fence with Israel. It should be noted that no injuries or damage to property were reported.

 

  • At approximately 19:10, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Sodanya shore, west of Jabalia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased and heavily fired sound bombs and live bullets at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within three nautical miles. The shooting lasted until 21:30. As a result, the fishermen fled for fear of their lives and no injuries or damage to the boats were reported.

 

Monday, 08 April 2019

 

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched a house belonging to al-Qassem Riad Mohammad Badeir (31) and then confiscated his cell phone. Meanwhile, the Israeli forces raided and searched a house belonging to Basel ‘Assem Abul Lateef ‘Eid Soboh (20). The Israeli forces then withdrew and arrested both civilians, taking them to an unknown destination.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Abu Katila neighborhood in Hebron. They raided and searched two houses belonging to ‘Omar ‘Abdul Mahdi Shawer (23) and ‘Ammar Mohammad al-Qawasma (22) and then arrested them, taking them to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Jenin refugee camp, south of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mohammad Mustafa Qiniry (18) and Ayham Fakhry Saleet (18), taking them to an unknown destination.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Jayyous village in Qalqilya. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Saleh Mohammad Nofal (46) and Yazan Ma’en Mohammad Saleem (23), taking them to an unknown destination.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Yatta village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Talal Khaleel al-Najjar (33) and then arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Sa’ir, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Bassam Hejazi Jaradat (30) and Mohammad Marwan Jaradat (28) and then arrested them, taking them to an unknown destination.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Yazan Mohammad al-Rai’ee (19) and then arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Beira and stationed in al-Shurafa, east of the city. They raided and searched a house belonging to Tariq Khdaira (19) and then arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested Mohammad Bassem al-Tameemi (15) and Moayad (20), taking them to an unknown destination.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Beit Sira village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to ‘Ali Mohammad Abu Safia (16) and then arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that Abu Safia was hit with a rubber bullet to the leg on 08 March 2019 during clashes erupted with the Israeli forces in the village and he is still under treatment.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to ‘Abdul Fatah Mustafa Hamed (24) and then arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 08:10, Israeli forces moved 100 meters into the southern coastal border fence off Zikim Military Base, northwest of Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip. The Israeli military vehicles started to level and comb Palestinian lands amid sporadic shooting. At approximately 11:00, the Israeli forces redeployed along the border fence and no injuries were reported.

 

  • At approximately 08:15, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased and heavily fired sound bombs and live bullets at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within approximately two nautical miles. As a result, the fishermen fled for fear of their lives and no injuries or damage to the boats were reported.

 

  • At approximately 8:45, Israeli gunboats stationed off Khan Yunis shore, south of the Gaza Strip, pumped water and opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within three nautical miles and then chased them. As a result, the fishermen fled for fear of their lives and no injuries or damage to the boats were reported.

 

  • At approximately 20:30, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis, fired flare bombs, east of ‘Abasan al-Jadid, east of Khan Yunis, amid sporadic shooting. Later, Israeli media announced that the Israeli forces arrested two Palestinian civilians while sneaking into Israel and their identities were not revealed.

 

  • At approximately 21:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbia village, north of Ramallah. They patrolled and combed the village’s streets. Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at the Israeli forces. The Israeli forces immediately fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear canisters at them. As a result, a 23-year-old civilian was hit with a live bullet to the waist and then transferred to the Istishari Arab Hospital to receive treatment.

 

 

Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (4) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Mothalath al-Shuhada village, south of Jenin; Qaryut village, south of Nablus; Halhoul and Tafouh villages in Hebron.

 

 

Tuesday, 09 April 2019

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into several neighborhoods in Heborn. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested four civilians, taking them to an unknown destination. The arrestees were identified as Mostafa Mohammad Abu Hussein (25), Anas Salhab al-Tameemi (22), Anas Hatem Qafisha (25), and ‘Omar ‘Abdul Raouf Abu Sninah (27).

 

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to Zeid Ahmad Ba’jawi and then arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 07:00 Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased and heavily fired sound bombs and live bullets at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within approximately three nautical miles. As a result, the fishermen fled for fear of their lives and no injuries or damage to the boats were reported.

 

  • At approximately 07:20, Israeli forces backed by military vehicles and bulldozers and stationed along the border fence with Israel moved around 50 meters into al-Sahwka village, east of Rafah, south of the Gaza Strip. The Israeli bulldozers leveled lands in front of a Return Camp. At approximately 10:45, the Israeli forces redeployed along the border fence with Israel.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence with Israeli, east of al-Sahwka, east of Rafah, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians, who were collecting gravel, near Sofa military site, and no injuries were reported.

 

  • At approximately 13:00, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at shepherds and workers, east of al-Fokhary village in the vicinity of Sofa military site, southeast of Khan Yunis, south of the Gaza Strip. As a result, the shepherds and workers fled for fear of their lives.

 

  • At approximately 19:30, Israeli forces moved into Kifl Haris, north of Salfit. They raided and searched a house belonging to Wajdy Muneer Mufeed Bozeeh (21) and then arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 20:45, Israeli gunboats stationed off western Khan Yunis, south of the Gaza Strip, chased, pumped water and opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed sailing area. As a result, the fishermen fled for fear of their lives and no injuries or damage to the boats were reported.

 

  • Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (6) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Jenin; Qabalan village, south of Nablus; al-Fawar refugee camp, Beit ‘Ummar, al-Fawwar refugee camp, Beit al-Roush and Deir al-‘Assal villages in Hebron.

 

Wednesday, 10 April 2019

 

 

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Dhahiriya, south of Hebron, and stationed in Abu al-Kamara Valley. They raided and searched a house belonging to Qussai Khaled Sa’ada (19) and then arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Silat al-Dhahr, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to ‘Adnan Khaleel Malahma (53) and then arrested him, taking him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that ‘Adnan is a City Council member.

 

  • At approximately 20:45, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis, fired flare bombs, southeast of Khan Yunis, amid sporadic shooting and no injuries were reported.

 

  • Note: During the aforementioned day, Israeli forces conducted (5) incursions in the following areas and no arrests were reported: Surif, Beit ‘Ummar, Tarqumia, al-Kum, and Beit ‘Awwa villages in Hebron.

 

 

Use of Force against Demonstrations in Protest against the U.S. President’s Decision to Recognize Jerusalem as the Capital of Israel:

 

Israeli forces continued its excessive use of lethal force against peaceful demonstration organized by Palestinian civilians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and it was named as “The Great March of Return and Breaking Siege.” The demonstration was in protest against the U.S. President Donald Trump’s declaration to move the U.S. Embassy to it. According to PCHR fieldworkers’ observations, the border area witnessed large participation by Palestinian civilians as the Israeli forces continued to use upon highest military and political echelons excessive force against the peaceful demonstrators, though the demonstration were fully peaceful. The demonstration was as follows during the reporting period:

 

 

Gaza Strip:

 

During the 53rd week of the March of Return and Breaking Siege activities, Israeli forces wounded 115, including 28 children, five women and three journalists. The wounds of two of them were classified as serious. The incidents were as follows:

 

  • Northern Gaza Strip: The Israeli shooting at Palestinian demonstrators, which continued from 16:00 until 19:00, resulted in the injury of 22 Palestinian civilians. Nine of them were hit with live bullets and shrapnel, one with a rubber bullet and 12 were directly hit with tear gas canisters.

 

  • Gaza City: the Israeli shooting at Palestinian demonstrators, which continued from 15:00 until 18:30, resulted in the injury of 45 Palestinian civilians, including ten children and two women. Thirty-nine of them were hit with live bullets and shrapnel, two were hit with rubber bullets and four were directly hit with tear gas canister.

 

 

  • Central Gaza Strip: The Israeli shooting at Palestinian demonstrators, which continued from 14:30 until 18:30, resulted in the injury of 25 Palestinian civilians, including 12 children, two women and a female journalist. Four of them were hit with live bullets and shrapnel and 21 were directly hit with tear gas canisters and rubber bullets. The wounded journalist was identified as Safinaz Baker Mahmoud al-Loh (30), a journalist from Nuseirat working for Amad News Agency, and was hit with a tear gas canister to the right leg.

 

  • Khan Younis: The Israeli shooting at Palestinian demonstrators, which continued from 16:00 until 18:00, resulted in the injury of eight civilians, including two children and two journalists. The injured journalists were identified as Seif Iyad Sh’aban Abul Ghafour (18), a journalist for ‘Ein News Network, who was hit with a tear gas canister to the right arm, and Mohammad ‘Eissa Mohammad Abu Sa’da (26), a photojournalist at Nour News Network, who was hit with a tear gas canister to the left leg.

 

  • Rafah: The Israeli shooting at the demonstrators, which continued from 16:00 until 18:30, resulted in the injury of 15 demonstrators, including four children. Four of them were hit with live bullets and shrapnel, three with rubber bullets and eight were directly hit with tear gas canisters. The injuries of two of them were classified as serious.

 

West Bank:

 

  • At approximately 13:00, on Friday, 05 April 2019, on Friday afternoon, Palestinian peaceful demonstrators started from the center of Kufor Qadoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah, the eastern entrance to the village, which has been closed for 15 years in favor of “Kedumim” settlement established on the village’s lands. The demonstrators chanted national slogans demanding end of occupation and condemning the Israeli forces’ crimes against Palestinian protestors along the eastern border of the Gaza Strip within “The Great March of Return and Breaking the Siege” activities. The demonstrators threw stones at Israeli forces stationed behind sand berms. The Israeli forces immediately fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 24-year-old male was hit with a rubber bullet to the leg.

 

  • At approximately 16:00, on Saturday, 06 April 2019, Palestinian young men gathered along the annexation wall, west of Qalqiliyah, and threw stones at Israeli forces stationed in the area. The Israeli forces immediately fired sound bombs, tear gas canisters and rubber bullets at them. Moreover, the Israeli forces pursued them and arrested Loay Ibraheem Salman Abu Shehab (17).

 

 

 

  1. Continued closure of the oPt

 

Israel continued to impose a tight closure on the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israeli forces continuously tighten the closure of the Gaza Strip and close all commercial crossings, making the Karm Abu Salem crossing the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip, although it is not suitable for commercial purposes in terms of its operational capacity and distance from markets.

Israeli forces have continued to apply the policy, which is aimed to tighten the closure on all commercial crossings, by imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.

 

Israeli forces have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities. The limited quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population of the Gaza Strip.

 

Israeli forces also continued to impose an almost total ban on the Gaza Strip exports, including agricultural and industrial products, except for light-weighted products such as flowers, strawberries, and spices. However, they lately allowed the exportation of some vegetables such as cucumber and tomatoes, furniture and fish.

 

Israel has continued to close the Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the majority of Palestinian citizens from the Gaza Strip. Israel only allows the movement of a limited number of groups, with many hours of waiting in the majority of cases. Israel has continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via the Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel also continued applying the policy of making certain civilian traveling via the crossing interviewed by the Israeli intelligence service to be questioned, blackmailed or arrested.

 

 

Beit Hanoun (“Erez”) crossing, in the north of the Gaza Strip, is designated for the movement of individuals, and links the Gaza Strip with the West Bank.

 

 

 

 

  • Beit Hanoun (“Erez”) crossing, in the north of the Gaza Strip, is designated for the movement of individuals, and links the Gaza Strip with the West Bank.

Movement at Beit Hanoun (“Erez”) crossing

 

(26 March -01 April 2019)

Category 26 March 27 March 28 March 29 March 30 March 31 March 01 April
Patients 51 95 40 1 89 58
Companions 41 88 31 1 72 62
Personal needs 7 1 2 31 14
Families of prisoners
Arabs from Israel 4 7 6 2 2
Diplomats 1
Meetings in Erez 6
International workers 17 3 9 52 21
Travelers Abroad 8 23 2 14
Business people+ BMC 4 1 433 396
Economic and agriculture interviews
Security interviews 1 4
Death cases
Companions’ Deaths
Return to the West Bank 3 1
Christians’ Holidays
Conferences and Training courses 14
Permits’ renewal 2
VIPs
AmbulancesPatient 5 1 3 2
Ambulancescompanion 5 1 3 2

 

  • Beit Hanoun (“Erez”) crossing, in the north of the Gaza Strip, is designated for the movement of individuals, and links the Gaza Strip with the West Bank.

Movement at Beit Hanoun (“Erez”) crossing

 

(02 – 08 April 2019)

Category 02  April 03  April 04  April 05  April 06  April 07  April 08   April
Patients 79 68 43 5 84 86
Companions 66 54 36 1 69 80
Personal needs 23 33 20 4 25 11
Families of prisoners 17 27
Arabs from Israel 5 6 4 9 7
Diplomats 2
Meetings in Erez 3 3
International workers 21 32 56 11 39 20
Travelers Abroad 36 34 17
Business people+ BMC 487 374 315 5 740 380
Economic and agriculture interviews
Security interviews 4 5 2 4 5
Death cases
Companions’ Deaths
Return to the West Bank 13 2 1
Christians’ Holidays
Conferences and Training courses 2 1
Permits’ renewal
VIPs 1
AmbulancesPatient 4 3 1 2
Ambulancescompanion 5 3 1 1

 

Notes:

 

  • On Monday, 08 April 2019, the Israeli authorities allowed 1 person to travel via “Erez” crossing to participate in a tour to Israel.

 

 

  • Following table illustrates temporary and permanent checkpoints and arrests at these checkpoints in the West Bank from 04-10 April 2019:
Governorate Permanent temporary Temporary checkpoints Closed Roads Arrested persons
Jerusalem 13 9
Nablus 10 16 2 1
Jenin 5 9 2
Ramallah 11 15 4
Tulkarm 7 2 1 1
Tubas 2 3 1
Salfit 3 13 1 1
Qalqiliyia 5 17 4 4
Hebron 20 36 9
Bethlehem 11 9 2 1
Jericho 5
Al-Karama Crossing
Total 92 129 24 10

 

 

 

 

Arrests at Military Checkpoints:

 

 

  • At approximately 17:30 on Thursday 05 April 2019, Israeli forces established a military checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Ezbet al-Tabib village in Qalqilia. They arrested Mo’men Hesham Mustafa ‘Odwan (31), taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • Around the same time, Israeli forces established a temporary military checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Azoun village in Qalqilia. They arrested Mohammed Mashhour ‘Abd al-‘Aziz Salim (23), taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 18:30 on Thursday, Israeli forces established a temporary military checkpoint on a street connecting between Jayouss and ‘Azoun villages in Qalqilia. They arrested Omar ‘Abdullah ‘Abd al-Latif Redwan (22), taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 15:00 on Friday, 04 April 2019, Israeli forces at a temporary checkpoint on Nablus-Jenin, south of Jenin, arrested Sayed Ibrahim al-Sayed (23) and Mohammed Jamal al-Sayed (25), from Jenin, taking them to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 16:00 on Friday, Israeli forces stationed at “Arie” settlement square, north of Salfit, arrested Rostom Jamal Mohammed Abu al-Haija (35), from Marda village, while he was passing by the area, taking him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that Rostom works in the Palestinian National Security Forces.

 

  • At approximately 17:00 on Friday, Israeli forces established a temporary military checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Ezbet al-Tabib in Qalqilia. They arrested Youssof Ahmed Saleem (30), taking him to an unknown destination.

 

 

  • On Sunday morning, 06 April 2019, Israeli forces arrested ‘Issam Ibrahim Mohammed Hamed (34), from Shofa village in Tulkarm, while he was working in his agricultural land near Avnei Hefetz settlement established on civilians’ lands, north of Shofa village. They then took him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 08 April 2019, Israeli forces stationed at Za’tara checkpoint, south of Nablus, arrested ‘Abd al-‘Aziz Bassam Abu ‘Obaid (27), from Jenin, taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 19:00 on Tuesday 2019, Israeli forces at a temporary checkpoint at Beit Fajar village’s entrance, south of Bethlehem, arrested ‘Ali Youssof Abu Hussain (20), taking him to an unknown destination.

 

  • Efforts to Create A Jewish majority

 

 

Israeli forces escalated their attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property. They have also continued their raids on al-Aqsa Mosque and denied the Palestinians access to it:

 

 

 

 

Arrests and Incursions:

 

  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 04 April 2019, Israeli police arrested Khader Mohammed al-‘Ajlouni (26) after he opened al-Rahma Gate prayer area’s doors in the eastern side of al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and referred him for interrogation in one of the detention centers in Jerusalem. It should be noted that Israeli police and intelligence service almost daily carry out arrests on grounds of opening al-Rahma Gate prayer area’s doors after the Israeli Magistrate’s Court issued a decision in last March to extend al-Rahma Gate prayer area’s temporary closure when Palestinian worshipers reopened al-Rahma Gate prayer area closed since 2003.

 

  • At approximately 15:30 on Thursday, 04 April 2019, Israeli police arrested al-Aqsa Mosque’s guard, ‘Omran al-Ragbi (38) and beat him, while he was in al-Rahma Gate prayer area in the eastern side of al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Eyewitnesses said that an Israeli police officer wearing his shoes raided the prayer area though ‘Omran attempt to prevent him from entering and photographed him. The eyewitnesses added that the police officer and others, who were with him, confiscated ‘Omran’s phone took him out of the prayer area and beat him. After that, they tied his hands and took him to an Israeli investigation center. It should be noted that this permanently happens with the Israeli forces who provoke the guards and worshipers and raid the prayer areas while wearing their shoes.

 

  • At approximately 13:30 on Friday, 05 April 2019, the Israeli police arrested two Palestinian young men after they went out of al-Aqsa Mosque in Occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They took the two young men to one of the investigation centers in Jerusalem. The arrestees were identified as Tawfiq Fehmi Abu Dhaim (19) and Ahmed Taysseer Abu ‘Arafa (22).

 

  • At approximately 21:00 on Friday, 05 April 2019, Israeli forces moved into al-Wad neighborhood in Occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ra’fat Samih Najeeb (31) and then handed him a warrant to refer him to the Israeli Intelligence Service investigation rooms (4) in al-Maskoubia investigation center in the Western Jerusalem.

 

  • At approximately 23:00, Israeli forces moved into Sour Baher village, south of Occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to ‘Issam Mahmoud Mohammed ‘Omaira (69) and then handed him a warrant to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in al-Maskoubia investigation center in the Western Jerusalem.

 

 

  • At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 10 April 2019, Israeli forces moved into al-Mokaber Mount neighborhood, southeast of Occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched houses and then arrested Mohanned Zaid Mshahara (17) and ‘Amri Slaiman Mshahara (17), taking them to an unknown destination.

 

  • At approximately 03:00 on Wednesday, Israeli forces moved into Silwan village, south of Occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched houses, from which they arrested six children, taking them to an unknown destination. The arrested children were identified as Khader Mohammed ‘Oda (13), Jehad Jawad Abu Rmouz (15), Sultan Maher Sarhan (14), Mohammed Jawad Abu Rmouz (14), and ‘Odai ‘Adnan Ghaith (17).

 

 

Notices and House Demolitions:

 

  • On Thursday afternoon, 04 April 2019, the Israeli District Court issued a decision to demolish four houses belonging to Palestinian civilians in Yassoul Valley neighborhood in Silwan village, south of the Occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of building without a license on lands, where construction is forbidden. Khaled Shwaiki, Member of the Committee for the Defense of Real Estate in Silwan and member of Wad Yasoul neighborhood committee, said that the neighborhood’s residents try since many years to obtain license for their houses and they tabled construction plans to the competent bodies in light of the population growth in the area but they were refused by the municipality. He indicated that the Israel District Court recently issued a decision to demolish four houses in the neighborhood. He mentioned that these four houses belong to Barqan, al-Qaq and Kashour families and were established in 2000. He said that the fines imposed on these families estimated at more than NIS 100,000 for each house. Khaled added that throughout the previous years, Barqan, al-Qaq and Kashour families tried to obtain licenses for their houses from the competent bodies but their requests were refused. In addition, the Israeli District Court issued a decision to demolish them and it will come into force on 14 April 2019. He also said that the Israeli Municipality claims that the area is classified as “a green land,” where construction is not allowed. Moreover, after the families headed to the municipality during the past years, the municipality gave them only 5 to 12 months to license their houses, noting that the procedures for obtaining a license and transferring the land in to an area where construction is allowed, need more than four years. . Khaled Shwaiki indicated that the neighborhood’s residents have tabled plans to organize the area since 2002 have been in the municipality and different courts fighting for an approval on the tabled plans. He added that the neighborhood includes 84 houses, where more than 400 persons live.

 

  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 06 April 2019, Nabih al-Basti self-demolished parts of his house in al-Wad neighborhood in Occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, implementing the Israeli municipality’s decision to avoid paying the demolition’s costs and high fines to the Israeli municipality. Nabih said that the Israeli municipality forced him to self-demolish the outside walls, the ceiling and the rest of the house in al-Wad neighborhood adjacent to House Peace Hotel. It should be noted that in 2016, he demolished his house from the inside so that the house became uninhabitable. He also said that the municipality recently summoned him and ordered him to demolish the rest outside sides of his house under the pretext of vandalizing the heritage of the Old City. Moreover, the municipality gave him the chance to demolish the house until 07 April 2019 or the municipality’s staff would demolish it and so he would be forced to pay the demolition expenses and fines. Nabih added that his house was built on an area of 65 square meters in 1999, and three years ago the municipality issued the final demolition decision after years of delaying and freezing in an attempt to license it. Although Nabih was forced to demolish the house from the inside, he was forced to demolish the outside walls.

 

  • At afternoon hours on Tuesday, 09 April 2019, Zarina family self-demolished their house in Bir Una area in Beit Jala upon a demolition decision by the Israeli municipality and avoiding paying high fines and demolition expenses to the municipality. It should be noted that several months ago, Israeli forces were pursuing Zarina family to force them to demolish their house. Waleed Zarina said that the Israeli authorities and courts handed him a notice from the court to demolish the 2-storey house comprised of four apartments. The house belongs to Waleed’s brother, Ayman Rezeq Zarina and Ayamn’s sons; Rezeq, Mohammed and Saleh. Waleed said that the court ordered him to demolish the house before 10 April 2019 or it will demolish it and force him to pay the demolition expenses. He added that the Israeli court detained his nephew after he refused to sign the demolition order so his family had to pay NIS 230,000 to release him and implement the decision of self-demolition before 10 April 2019. Waleed indicated that the family hired an Israeli lawyer a year ago after the Israeli authorities’ threat to demolish the house. Large amounts of money were paid to the lawyers, but the court decided to demolish the house. Waleed added that the Israeli authorities threatened the family to demolish all their houses, which belong to Waleed’s brothers; Khaled and Raed. He stressed that the Israeli authorities clearly target Bir Una’s residents as the Israeli authorities demolished a house belonging to him beside demolishing another one a year ago. Moreover, a month ago, the Israeli authorities demolished a house and barracks belonging to Waleed’s cousins; Mohammed and Moussa Zarina. Waleed indicated that the Israeli policy against the area and the family made them sustain great economic losses.

 

 

Settlement activities and attacks by settlers against Palestinian civilians and property

 

Israeli forces continued to target the areas in the West Bank classified as C according to Oslo Accord signed by the Israeli government and Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and the areas located in the vicinity of settlements and route of the separation wall in order to expel them from the Palestinian residents for the sake of settlement expansion.

Israeli forces’ attacks:

 

  • At approximately 10:00 on Sunday, 07 April 2019, an Israeli force backed by two military vehicles and accompanied with a vehicle belonging to the Israeli Civil Administration moved into Kherbet al-Mafqara and Kherbet al-Rakeez, southeast of Yatta, south of Hebron. An Israeli civil Administration officer handed seven civilians demolition notices under the pretext of non-licensing. These notices included:
    • A 20-square-meter caravan built of tin plates belonging to Mahmoud Hussain Hamamda and his family comprised of 12 persons.
    • A 20-square-meter caravan built of tin plates belongs to Mohammed Hassan al-Hamamda and his family comprised of nine persons.
    • A 20-square-meter caravan built of tin plates and a 10-square-meter tent belong to Khalil Jaber Hamamda and his family comprised of eight persons.
    • A 20-square-meter caravan built of tin plates belongs to Murad Khalil Jaber Hamamda and his family comprised of five persons.
    • A 20-square-meter caravan built of tin plates belongs to ‘Aamer Khalil Jaber Hamamda and his family comprised of four persons.
    • A 15-square-meter caravan built of tin plates belongs to ‘Adla Khalil Jaber Hamamda.
    • A 20-square-meter caravan built of tin plates belongs to Raed Khalil Jaber Hamamda and his family comprised of five persons.

 

  • On Monday afternoon, 08 April 2019, the Israeli Civil Administration distributed notices to evacuate lands belonging Palestinian civilians in al-Khemar (al-Haraeq) in Batir village, west of Bethlehem. Taysseer Qotash, Head of Batir Municipality said that the Israeli Civil Administration distributed notices to owners of agricultural lands in al-Kemar area and ordered them not to enter the lands claiming that these are state lands. Moreover, the Israeli Civil Administration gave the lands’ owners 30 days starting from the day they received the notices to challenge the decision. Qotash also said that the Israeli Civil Administration notified a number of farmers to demolish wells under the pretext of non-licensing. He indicated that the lands’ owners have documents proving that they own these lands and the Israeli Civil Administration only aim at seizing as many lands as possible and annex them to the nearby settlement outpost.

 

  • During this week, the Israeli authorities issued 3 military orders to seize 1191 dunums from the Palestinian agricultural lands. Two of these orders are about the construction of 2 new settlement roads; one in the northern West Bank and the other in the Southern, while the third order is about closing areas for military purposes. Based on the decisions and the attached road plans clarifying their tracks, the construction of these 2 roads would lead to swallowing up hundreds of dunums of Palestinian agricultural lands as well as the dunums already included in the seizure orders. Those military orders were as follows:

 

First: The Howarah Bypass Road: This road starts from the Za’tara checkpoint and ends on the “Yitzhar” settlement Bypass Road, south of Nablus, noting that it will pass through the lands of Bita, Howarah and Burin villages and between the residents’ houses. Israeli sources said, “The construction of a bypass road costs 250 million shekels. This road will be for both the Palestinians and Israelis. The construction works on the road will start upon the completion of Supreme Court’s proceedings, to which the Palestinians are expected to resort to for challenging this order, noting that it might take up to two years to build it.” According to the plans attached to the seizure order, the bypass road will start from Za’tara military checkpoint, pass by Bita Central Vegetable Market, pass through al-Nejma area, pass by Luna Park, and pass through the mountain, which is in front of the water well, towards Howarah village.

 

Second: Al-‘Aroub Bypass Road: This road starts from “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem, and ends in “Karmei Tzur” settlement, south of Hebron, noting that it will pass through the lands of Beit ‘Ummar village, al-‘Aroub refugee camp and Halhoul. The available information about the above-mentioned road indicates that it will isolate al-‘Aroub refugee camp, Beit ‘Ummar village and parts of Halhoul village. Moreover, the road will pass through the most fertile agriculture lands in Hebron, which are famous for growing almonds and grapes. According to the plans attached to the seizure order, the Bypass Road will pass through parts of Khirbet Om Tale’, Khirbet Briqout, Beit Za’ta, Abu Soda Mount, Fredees, al-Forn Mount, al-Sheikh Valley, al-‘Aroub Valley, Beit ‘Ummar lands, Khirbet al-Khaizaran, al-Hawawer, Ras al-Qady, Khirbet Um al-Daraj, Khirbet Beit Khorat, al-Jomjoma, ‘Ein al-Shonnar, Um Suliman, al-Ramouz, Daher al-Bow, Wardan, lands in Halhoul village.

 

Third: Seizure of new lands from Tubas: The Israeli forces issued 2 military orders signed by the IDF Commander in Judea and Samaria, Nadaf Badan. Under the first order, 283 dunums of Tubas lands will be seized while the second order was about seizure of 101 dunums of Tubas, Tamoun and Tayaseer villages. Moataz Bisharat, a Palestinian official who monitors settlement activity in the Jordan Valley/Tubas, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that the two seizure orders included 384 dunums, while the area of lands that will be isolated was about 42,000 dunums, including the communities of Yerza, Ras al-Ahmar, al-Faw Valley, Kherbit al-Mayitah, parts of Khirbet Samra, al-Maleh, and ‘Ain al-Hilweh. He also said that the Israeli forces closed 70% of Tubas and the northern Jordan Valley lands. The area of the closed lands is 200,000 dunums, including 102,000 dunums from Tubas and 98,700 dunums from Tamoun.  The closure came under the pretext of being in the military training areas, military zones and nature reserves. It should be noted that the Israeli authorities established 10 settlements, 3 new settlement outposts and 7 camps for the Israeli soldiers in those areas.

 

 

Israeli settlers’ attacks:

 

 

  • On Thursday evening, 04 April 2019, dozens of Israeli settlers gathered at the entrance to “Halamish” settlement, north of Ramallah. They started to throw stones at Palestinian cars passing through a square adjacent to the settlement. As a result, throwing stones caused fear among drivers and passengers in the vehicles. No casualties among civilians or damage to their vehicles were reported.

 

  • At approximately 23:00 on Thursday, dozens of Israeli settlers under Israeli forces protection moved into ‘Otra village, southeast of Nablus. The Israeli settlers performed religious rituals and Talmudic prayers in the village. Next day morning, on Friday, 04 May 2019, they withdrew and no more incidents were reported.

 

 

  • At approximately 12:00 on Friday, 05 April 2019, dozens of Israeli settlers under Israeli forces’ protection arrived at the evacuated “Homesh” settlement, northwest of Nablus. They gathered on Nablus-Jenin Street and carried out riots at the entrance to the settlement which continued until the evening. As a result, vehicles started to avoid taking the street due to the Israeli settlers’ attacks against the Palestinian vehicles.

 

  • At approximately 18:15 on Friday, a group of Israeli settlers from “Yitzhar” settlement established in the eastern side of ‘Orif village, south of Nablus, attacked Palestinian civilians’ houses built in the vicinity of the village. Moreover, dozens of civilians gathered and confronted the settlers by throwing stones at them. As a result, the settlers were forced to withdraw and no casualties were reported. It should be noted that the settlers frequently attack ‘Orif village under Israeli forces protection.

 

  • At approximately 10:00 on Sunday, 07 April 2019, a group of settlers from “Itmar” settlement uprooted with automatic saws and a digger ten olive trees in Karm al-Dou area, east of Yanoun, east of Nablus. The 50-year-old trees were planted in a land belonging to ‘Adel ‘Aqel bani Jaber, from ‘Aqraba village, east of Nablus. Moreover, after uprooting the trees, the settlers confiscated the wood and trunks, taking it to “Itmar”

 

  • At approximately 00:00 on Monday, 08 April 2018, a group of Israeli settlers threw stones at Palestinian civilians’ vehicles on the Main Street of Jebia village, north of Ramallah. As a result, Maher Saber Shalash (26) was hit with a stone to the head and his injury was reported minor.

 

  • At approximately 02:00 on Wednesday, 10 April 2019, a group of Israeli settlers attacked ‘Ain Yabroud village, northeast of Ramallah. They attacked Palestinian civilians’ vehicles in front of their owners’ houses, in their vicinity and on the village’s streets and wrote slogans against Arabs and Muslims on vehicles and the walls of Mustafa Shehada’s house. The slogans called for killing and defeat Arabs. Moreover, the Israeli settlers used sharp tools in puncturing ten vehicles tires.

 

 

  • Recommendations to the International Community

 

PCHR warns of the escalating settlement construction in the West Bank, the attempts to legitimize settlement outposts established on Palestinian lands in the West Bank and the continued summary executions of Palestinian civilians under the pretext that they pose a security threat to the Israeli forces. PCHR reminds the international community that thousands of Palestinian civilians have been rendered homeless and lived in caravans under tragic circumstances due to the latest Israeli offensive on the Gaza Strip that has been under a tight closure for almost 11 years. PCHR welcomes the UN Security Council’s Resolution No. 2334, which states that settlements are a blatant violation of the Geneva Conventions and calls upon Israel to stop them and not to recognize any demographic change in the oPt since 1967.  PCHR hopes this resolution will pave the way for eliminating the settlement crime and bring to justice those responsible for it. PCHR further reiterates that the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are still under Israeli occupation in spite of Israel’s unilateral disengagement plan of 2005.  PCHR emphasizes that there is international recognition of Israel’s obligation to respect international human rights instruments and international humanitarian law.  Israel is bound to apply international human rights law and the law of war, sometimes reciprocally and other times in parallel, in a way that achieves the best protection for civilians and remedy for the victims.

  1. PCHR calls upon the international community to respect the Security Council’s Resolution No. 2334 and to ensure that Israel respects it as well, in particular point 5 which obliges Israel not to deal with settlements as if they were part of Israel.
  2. PCHR calls upon the ICC this year to open an investigation into Israeli crimes committed in the oPt, particularly the settlement crimes and the 2014 offensive on the Gaza Strip.
  3. PCHR Calls upon the European Union (EU) and all international bodies to boycott settlements and ban working and investing in them in application of their obligations according to international human rights law and international humanitarian law considering settlements as a war crime.
  4. PCHR calls upon the international community to use all available means to allow the Palestinian people to enjoy their right to self-determination through the establishment of the Palestinian State, which was recognized by the UN General Assembly with a vast majority, using all international legal mechanisms, including sanctions to end the occupation of the State of Palestine.
  5. PCHR calls upon the international community and United Nations to take all necessary measures to stop Israeli policies aimed at creating a Jewish demographic majority in Jerusalem and at voiding Palestine from its original inhabitants through deportations and house demolitions as a collective punishment, which violates international humanitarian law, amounting to a crime against humanity.
  6. PCHR calls upon the international community to condemn summary executions carried out by Israeli forces against Palestinians and to pressurize Israel to stop them.
  7. PCHR calls upon the States Parties to the Rome Statute of the ICC to work hard to hold Israeli war criminals accountable.
  8. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions to fulfill their obligations under article (1) of the Convention to ensure respect for the Conventions under all circumstances, and under articles (146) and (147) to search for and prosecute those responsible for committing grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions to ensure justice and remedy for Palestinian victims, especially in light of the almost complete denial of justice for them before the Israeli judiciary.
  9. PCHR calls upon the international community to speed up the reconstruction process necessary because of the destruction inflicted by the Israeli offensive on Gaza.
  10. PCHR calls for a prompt intervention to compel the Israeli authorities to lift the closure that obstructs the freedom of movement of goods and 1.8 million civilians that experience unprecedented economic, social, political and cultural hardships due to collective punishment policies and retaliatory action against civilians.
  11. PCHR calls upon the European Union to apply human rights standards embedded in the EU-Israel Association Agreement and to respect its obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights when dealing with Israel.
  12. PCHR calls upon the international community, especially states that import Israeli weapons and military services, to meet their moral and legal responsibility not to allow Israel to use the offensive in Gaza to test new weapons and not accept training services based on the field experience in Gaza in order to avoid turning Palestinian civilians in Gaza into testing objects for Israeli weapons and military tactics.
  13. PCHR calls upon the parties to international human rights instruments, especially the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), to pressurize Israel to comply with its provisions in the oPt and to compel it to incorporate the human rights situation in the oPt in its reports submitted to the relevant committees.
  14. PCHR calls upon the EU and international human rights bodies to pressurize the Israeli forces to stop their attacks against Palestinian fishermen and farmers, mainly in the border area.

 

 

 

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Public Document

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The Israeli and the Palestinian tracks المساران «الإسرائيلي» والفلسطيني

The Israeli and the Palestinian tracks

أبريل 9, 2019

Written by Nasser Kandil,

Few days ago before the missiles fell on Tel Aviv and the heroic qualitative Salfit operation, one of the settlers in the courtyard of the Al Aqsa Mosque described the Palestinians as cowards made of sugar and that they did not go to the Al Aqsa Mosque for fear of solving by rain, few days later those made of sugar bombed Tel Aviv with missiles that transcended the iron dome, and few days later a Palestinian youth stabbed a Zionist soldier and disarmed him, then he shot him with that weapon along with number of soldiers and killed three of them. The Palestinian and the Israeli tracks seem contradictory comparing with the past decades. In the past the big talk was by the Palestinians while the big act was done by the Israelis, now the big talk is by the Israeli rulers and settlers while the big acts are done by the Palestinians.

In the past two decades, since the year 2000 the Palestinian and the Israeli tracks were opposite, When Israel was obliged to withdraw without return or negotiation from the South of Lebanon, and the uprising of Al Aqsa Mosque the track was upward in favor of the Palestinians versus a declining Israeli track. Then the liberation of Gaza Strip in 2005 and the Israeli failure in the war of July 2006 occurred. Now, we are in the post – international and regional failure stage which Israel was a part of it through the war on Syria and the growing capacities of the resistance axis. Despite the inability of going to wars Israel went to the philosophy of the wall. Therefore, the announcement of a Jewish state through the expression of the philosophy of wall and the transformation of the US Embassy to Jerusalem form an announcement of the inability to go on in any negotiating project that leads to a political settlement, and the inability to go to wars. So although this has been seen as a sign of power but it is a sign of weakness.

Despite the big division, the Palestinians seem closer to each other politically in the consensus on refusing the negotiation, the American role, and the project of the Deal of the Century although these reasons were never been reasons of political or popular division before, despite the understandings between Fatah and Hamas Movements and their partnership in the elections and the formation of the government, while the Israelis despite their apparent difference in the levels of escalation they seem aware of the existential dilemma of their entity represented in the inability to go to war or to make any compromise. All the fronts are close and the tampering in them is expensive as the compromises which are not less expensive.

There have been major transformations in the region, Israel lost the lead, the Palestinians supported by forces, governments, and the resistance axis obtained more elements of initiative, the open clash with the occupying army and the settlers is as the negotiating path; there is no choice among which the Palestinians divide, the Arab and Western ability to revive the negotiation is declining. Therefore, the resistance option is the only way and it proved its ability to get achievements. It is enough to observe the Israeli escape from the involvement in response to Gaza missiles over Tel Aviv to know how the situations changed. After Israel was creating events as pretexts to go to wars it eases the threat of challenges to justify its flee from the confrontations and wars.

Translated by Lina Shehadeh,

المساران «الإسرائيلي» والفلسطيني

مارس 18, 2019

ناصر قنديل

– قبل أيام على صواريخ تل أبيب وعملية سلفيت النوعية البطولية، خرج أحد المستوطنين في تسجيل من باحة المسجد الأقصى يصف الفلسطينيين بالجبن، باعتبارهم مصنوعين من سكر ولم يخرجوا إلى المسجد الأقصى بسبب المطر خشية الذوبان، وبعد أيام قليلة كان المصنوعون من سكر يقصفون بصواريخ تتخطّى القبة الحديدة وتسقط في تل أبيب، وبعدها بأيام يقوم شاب فلسطيني بطعن جندي صهيوني وتجريده من سلاحه، وإطلاق النار بواسطة هذا السلاح على مجموعة من الجنود فيقتل ثلاثة منهم ويتوارى. ويظهر المساران الفلسطيني والإسرائيلي متعاكسين، يتبادلان الحال العربية الإسرائيلية قبل عقود، يوم كان الكلام الكبير للعرب والفعل الكبير للإسرائيليين، ليبدو اليوم أن الكلام الكبير للإسرائيليين حكاماً ومستوطنين، بينما الأفعال الكبيرة للفلسطينيين.

– خلال العقدين الماضيين، ومنذ العام 2000 سلك المساران الفلسطيني والإسرائيلي اتجاهين متعاكسين، فمنذ إجبار «إسرائيل» على الانسحاب دون مقابل أو تفاوض من جنوب لبنان، ومقابلها اندلاع انتفاضة المسجد الأقصى، بدأ المسار التصاعدي لحساب الفلسطينيين، ومقابله مسار الانحدار الإسرائيلي، وتلاها تحرير غزة عام 2005 والفشل الإسرائيلي في حرب تموز 2006، وها نحن اليوم في مرحلة ما بعد الفشل الدولي والإقليمي الذي كانت «إسرائيل» جزءاً عضوياً منه في الحرب على سورية، وتنامي قدرات محور المقاومة، ذهبت «إسرائيل» نحو تصعيد فلسفة الجدار، رغم كل الصراخ عن القدرة على خوض الحروب، فشكل الإعلان عن دولة يهودية تعبيراً عن فلسفة الجدار، ومثله نقل السفارة الأميركية إلى القدس، إعلاناً عن العجز على السير في أي مشروع تفاوضي نحو تسوية سياسية يعادل العجز عن خوض الحروب، ولو رآه البعض علامة قوة فهو ليس إلا دليل ضعف.

– رغم الانقسام الفصائلي الحاد يبدو الفلسطينيون أقرب سياسياً لبعضهم في الإجماع على رفض التفاوض والدور الأميركي ومشروع صفقة القرن، بصورة لم يسبق أن شكل الموقف من التفاوض ومن نسخ التسوية المعروضة ومن العلاقة مع واشنطن، أسباباً دائمة للانقسام السياسي والشعبي، رغم وجود تفاهمات بين حركتي فتح وحماس وتشاركهما حينها في الانتخابات وتشكيل الحكومة، بينما يبدو الإسرائيليون رغم ظاهر تفرقهم في مستويات الخطاب التصعيدي انتخابياً، مدركين حجم المأزق الوجودي الذي يعيشه كيانهم، والمتمثل بفقدان قدرة الذهاب للحرب أو قدرة الذهاب للتسوية، فالجبهات كلها مقفلة ومخاطر العبث معها مكلفة، والتسويات لا تقل كلفة، وليس في الكيان من يجرؤ على المخاطرة في الاتجاهين.

– ثمة تحولات كبرى جرت في المنطقة، فقدت خلالها «إسرائيل» الإمساك بزمام المبادرة، ومقابلها حدثت تحولات معاكسة امتلك خلالها الفلسطينيون ومن ورائهم قوى وحكومات محور المقاومة، المزيد من عناصر القدرة على المبادرة، حيث الاشتباك المفتوح مع جيش الاحتلال وقطعان المستوطنين، وطريق التفاوض مقفل كخيار يقسم الفلسطينيين، والقدرة العربية والغربية على إنعاش مسار التفاوض تتراجع، وخيار المقاومة يصير طريقاً حتمياً وحيداً، وقد أثبت قدرته على تحقيق الإنجازات، ويكفي النظر في كيفية التهرّب الإسرائيلي من التورط في الرد على صواريخ غزة على تل أبيب لمعرفة تبدل الأحوال الذي نعيش في ظله، بعدما كانت «إسرائيل» تصنع أحداثاً لتتخذها ذرائع لشن الحروب يوم كانت قادرة عليها، صارت تهوّن من خطورة التحديات لتبرير الهروب من المواجهات والحروب، لأنها فقدت هذه القدرة.

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Hamas Won Again

April 10, 2019  /  Gilad Atzmon

hamas won again.jpg

By Gilad Atzmon

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu won a decisive victory yesterday. He is likely to carry on to a fifth term in office. As of this morning, the right-wing bloc has a clear advantage of 65 seats (out of 120) over the centre/left parties and seems more likely to form a coalition.

The meaning of yesterday’s election results are obvious and undeniable. The Israeli left is now marginal, verging on non-existent. The Israeli Labour party has been reduced to a miniature caricature, pretty much the size of Meretz, themselves a parody of left thinking. Needless to mention that these two parties are Zionist to the core. They deny the Palestinian right of return and believe in segregation between Jews and Arabs by means of a two-state solution.

Netanyahu is, beyond doubt, the most sophisticated player in the Israeli political theatre. In the weekend he  vowed to annex the West Bank Settlements. By performing this election ploy, he managed to completely obliterate his hard-line rivals on the right such as Bennett-Shaked’s New Right and even Zehut, which promised to be a ‘rising political force.’ As for this morning neither Zehut nor Bennett, who promised his voters he would be the next Defence Minister, made it to the Knesset.  Netanyahu has also managed to reduce the USA into a subservient colony.  We saw President Trump working hard for his friend in Jerusalem, recognising Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights and castigating Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps as a ‘terror organisation’. But most significantly, Netanyahu is also Hamas’s favourite prime minister.

Hamas knows very well that Israeli centrist government are genocidal in their approach to Arabs and Palestinians in particular. Hamas remembers Ehud Olmert, Tzipi Livni and Ehud Barak. They clearly prefer Bibi. They know very well that Bibi has been anxious to operate in Gaza. Hamas knows very well that Israel is running out of military and political options, let alone solutions to the conflict. Hamas voted Bibi. It entered ceasefire negotiations with Israel just a few days before the election. There is good reason to believe that Hamas would prefer to deal with Netanyahu rather than with a ‘centrist’ party led by three war criminals. Hamas won again, it has pushed Israel into a state of further paralysis. Israel does not have a prospect of a future in the region. Israel may not be defeated by Quasam rockets but by its own Ghetto mentality. 

Norman Finkelstein: Israel is An Apartheid State, Netanyahu is an Obnoxious, Racist, Jewish Supremacist

Norman Finkelstein Interview, March 20, 2019.
Transcript:
Jimmy Dore: Hi everybody! Welcome to the Jimmy Dore Show.
We have a special guest today. Norman Finkelstein is an American political scientist, activist, Professor and author. His primary fields of research are the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the politics of the Holocaust, an interest motivated by the experiences of his parents who were Jewish Holocaust survivors. He’s a graduate of Binghamton University and received his PhD in Political Science from Princeton University.

Welcome, Norman Finkelstein. Thanks for being our guest.

Norman Finkelstein: Thank you for having me.

Jimmy Dore: You know, you’re an expert on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and I just wanted to… You know, most people don’t really know the cause of the conflict, they just know that there is a conflict and that the United States is friendly to Israel because they’re a democracy and they’re the only democracy in the Middle East, as people like to say.

So how would you explain this conflict to people who don’t really know much about it, which is most of the people in the United States, and they certainly don’t know much about it if they watch the TV news. So I don’t think your average person knows anything really about it. So how do you inform people about that conflict, well, how it started and what it’s about?

Norman Finkelstein: I think the most effective way to inform people is by way of analogy. Effectively, what happened to the Palestinian people over the past century is pretty close to what happened to the Native American population in the United States. If you take for example the fate of the Cherokee Indians, who originally resided in the Eastern coast of the United States, and they were gradually pushed, pushed, pushed, until they were ended up in Arkansas. And then they were pushed into a portion of Arkansas, which then, once all White settlers crowded in that portion, became Oklahoma. And so the Cherokee were effectively the victims of a policy of expulsion, “transfer” as you want to call it in the Israeli vernacular. And basically there are obviously differences, and one doesn’t want to pretend as if there are no differences, but to look at the big picture, the big picture I would say, it is not fundamentally different than what happened to the Native population in the US.

Jimmy Dore: Wow! I’ve never heard it described that way before. And you know, ironically, you know, most Americans aren’t too aware of how horrible that’s a chapter in our history either. So the United States gives aid and billions of dollars in funding to Israel every year, and people say that Israel is running an Apartheid State, and that Gaza is an open-air prison. Now are those two things true, and how could that be? How could that be if we’re supporting them?

Norman Finkelstein: Well, I think both are true. Israel both benefits from two facts. Number one: they benefit in the fact that there’s a convergence of interests between US ruling elites and Israel on many basic occasions. So for example, right now, there’s a convergence of interests between the US and Israel in strengthening Saudi Arabia, strengthening the Gulf and trying to contain Iran. That’s a fundamental convergence of interests, and that in part, probably in the most significant part, it explains US support for Israel.

But there is also another factor, and one shouldn’t pretend as if that other factor doesn’t exist, which is to say there’s a very powerful Israel lobby operating in the United States, not unlike the Gun lobby, the Cuba lobby, etc. The Israel lobby is another lobby, very effective, probably one of the most, if not the most effective lobbies operating in Washington. And its core component is a very powerful, articulate and organized American Jewish community, though even there you have to enter qualifications because among younger Jews, there’s certainly a diminishing of support for Israel. But the big picture is, both because of a convergence of interests and because of a powerful, articulate, organized, strategically placed lobby, a lobby that has a lot of influence in the media, a lot of influence in publishing, a lot of influence in journals of opinion, a lot of influence on Hollywood, that lobby has been a major factor in determining aspects of US policy towards Israel.

Now on the second point, I don’t really think it’s any longer controversial whether or not Israel is an Apartheid state. I don’t say this as a polemicist, I’m trying to be objective and dispassionate about the situation. Between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea, now, you could say there are roughly about 12 or 13 million people, roughly. Now that includes the West Bank, it includes East Jerusalem, it includes Gaza. And Israel has controlled the West Bank, East Jerusalem and Gaza, it’s controlled it now for more than a half-century. And the Israeli government has made clear it has no intention whatsoever of returning to the borders from the June 1967 war, that is pre-controlling West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem. So we can’t any longer talk about an occupation, we have to be talking about an annexation. The territories have been de facto annexed. After a half-century, that seems to me to be the reasonable conclusion, there has been a de facto annexation.

So of all that population that stretches from the Mediterranean to the Jordan River, roughly, roughly speaking, about half has either second-class status or overwhelmingly no rights whatsoever within the State: no voting rights, and then from there down they don’t even have rights to property, property can be confiscated overnight and at whim, with the support of the  [Israeli] Courts. So it seems to me, again trying to be rational, trying to be objective and trying to be dispassionate, there’s no other term to describe a situation in which close to half the population, close to half the population either has second-class rights (that would be within Israel proper), or no rights whatsoever (which would be the West Bank and Gaza). That’s an Apartheid situation.

But again that shouldn’t shock us. You have to remember, I don’t know how old you are, but I have a vivid recollection during the last days of the [South African] Apartheid, Ronald Reagan supported the Apartheid regime, as did Margaret Thatcher. They were calling till the very end, you’re recalling, Nelson Mandela and the ANC, the African National Congress, a terrorist organization. So if our government was until the very end, the end of Apartheid, if our government was supporting South Africa, because it’s sort of a bastion of Western-called, you know, Western civilization, whatever you want to call it, in Africa, so for the same reason, they support Israel in the Middle East.

Jimmy Dore: So you think it’s without… Because I you know you say it’s without question that Israel is an Apartheid State, which I agree with. But there are people who question it, people very loudly push back against that and they quote the numbers of Palestinians… Well they say there’s an Arab political party, that’s the third largest party in Israel, and all day they quote numbers of Palestinians who are allowed to vote… What do you say to those arguments?

Norman Finkelstein: Well, first of all, I’m glad you asked the questions, because there’s no effective, no more effective way to have a discussion. And if someone of us has to play the devil’s advocate, in this case it should be you.

First of all, I tried to be clear, I said there’s a gradation of rights in the case of Israel. The Palestinians have second-class rights. Israel has now officially declared that it declared Israel as the Nation-State of the Jewish people. So I for example am Jewish, and if the United States were declared the Nation-State of the Christian people, I would certainly experience that declaration, especially once it becomes enacted in laws, I would certainly experience that as me being a second-class citizen, that is to say I don’t belong here. It’s the State of the Christian people, it’s not my State.

But having said that, let’s keep in mind that it’s not only one component of the Palestinian population that’s under Israeli control or has been effectively annexed by Israel. The West Bank, people in the West Bank, they don’t vote in Israeli elections, they’re not represented in the Israeli Knesset. The people in Gaza, they don’t vote in Israeli  elections, they’re not represented in the Israeli Parliament, the Israeli Knesset. So far, the vast, the vast preponderance of Palestinians currently annexed to the Israeli State, they have no rights whatsoever.

Jimmy Dore: Okay, alright.

Norman Finkelstein: The only way you can get around that is by saying that well, there’s a peace process. But the Israeli government has already made clear, you’d have to be blinder than King Lear not to see that the Israeli government has said we’re not returning to the old Wars [pre-67 borders]. Once you’ve made that Statement, it’s a Declaration of annexation, and if it’s annexation, then you have to accept that when deciding whether or not Israel is an Apartheid State. It can’t be limited to Israel and its pre-67 border: it’s the whole area, including the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, including Gaza.

Jimmy Dore: You know, I’ve heard people say that the majority of the Jewish people don’t support the policy of the Israeli government when it comes to Palestine, Gaza and the West Bank. How could that be? And can you speak about the Likud party, which is like the extremist party, a right-wing party in Israel: what would you say is the percentage of support they actually have in the population inside of Israel and out?

Norman Finkelstein: Well, we should be clear that number one, Benjamin Netanyahu, the Prime Minister of the State of Israel, he’s been the head of State now for about a decade, and he’s gone through many elections. And even though he’s surrounded by what scandal after another, none of these scandals have actually made a big dent in his popularity. And the reason for that, I think, is pretty straightforward, it’s pretty uncontroversial at any rate in my opinion. That is to say Benjamin Netanyahu is an obnoxious, racist, Jewish supremacist. And on all of those descriptives: obnoxious, racist, Jewish supremacist, he’s wholly representative of the Israeli population. And the reason they keep reelecting him despite the scandals, which are always said to be imminently going to bring him down, despite the scandals that never bring him down, it’s because when they look at Benjamin Netanyahu, most of the Israeli population, they see themselves. And they vote for him because in his mental outlook, I wouldn’t really call it values because I don’t think people like Mr. Netanyahu have any values per se, but in terms of mental outlook, contempt for Arabs, contempt for Muslims… Actually, with all due respect to you, Mr. Dore, and to all your listeners, unless they’re Jewish, he has contempt for all of you. These are Jewish supremacists.

But he also happens to be in a separate category a racist, and now even though I don’t like to use the terminology, because it’s too simple and too sloganeering, it happens to be, I think, in these particular circumstances, it’s illuminating. Why do Mr. Netanyahu and Mr. Trump get along so well? Why is Mr. Netanyahu Mr. Trump’s biggest cheerleader in the world? Well, the answer is simple: they both like walls. Mr. Trump wants to build a wall to keep out Mexicans, Mr. Netanyahu wants to build a wall to keep out Arabs.

They both hate Black people. Mr. Netanyahu, when President Obama, the Head of State in the United States, Mr. Netanyahu, he didn’t see it at all amiss, he didn’t see it at all awry for him to come barging in the United States, barging into the Capitol building and instructing, telling Obama what American policy should be towards Iran. I dare say, and of course you’re free to contradict me, it’s inconceivable, it’s inconceivable, had there been a White Head of State, had it been George Bush or even a Jimmy Carter, had it been even a Jimmy Carter, Mr. Netanyahu would not have dared carry on the way he did with Obama. He’s a racist.

And just like Mr. Trump the racist loathes Muslims, so Mr. Netanyahu loathes Black people, which is why he made it a part of his policy to expel the Arab migrants [from Erythrea, Soudan…], about 30,000, who were fleeing a war situation, fleeing very serious, life challenging situations, and came as refugees to Israel. And he ruled it because you have to remember, Mr. Netanyahu he grew up, a large part of his life was spent in the United States. His father was a professor at Cornell University, and they hated Black people, the Schwartzs, the Schwartzs as it’s called, the Black people, they loathe them. And so now, for Mr. Netanyahu to have to face the prospect that the Schwartzs are invading Israel [is unbearable], so they have to go.

And so it’s that same mindset. It’s not values, it’s a mindset. You can choose what descriptive you want for that mindset: some people would say it’s a Nazi mindset, some people would say it’s a fascist mindset, some people would call it a right-wing racist White supremacist mindset, whatever you want to call it. And they have it, and that’s these ruling people.

It’s a sorry thing to have to say, but I’m not one of those people who in the name of political correctness recoil at generalizations. If you could say most White people in the American South, in the pre-Civil Rights era, if you could say most of them were mean, White racist supremacists, very few people would take issue with that quote-unquote “generalization”. But the moment you use exactly those same terms to describe Israel or Israelis, it suddenly becomes politically incorrect. I disagree. If you want to understand the Israeli mentality, these are the Palestinians or Arabs or Muslims, it’s very easy for an American to understand: just look at Alabama, Mississippi and all the other southern States in the pre-Civil Rights era. That’s the mentality. That’s the Israeli mentality. And Mr. Netanyahu, in his mindset, he’s not very much different from a George Wallace or a Lester Maddox, with those who remember that era.

Jimmy Dore: So let me ask you: the Jewish people or the people of Israel, do they not see the tremendous irony that’s actually being played out right now, that the Israeli State was invented as a safe haven for the Jewish people because they’ve been persecuted, and now they turn around, and for the last couple of decades they’ve been doing the exact same thing or a very horrible thing, not the exact same thing, but a very similar thing to the Palestinian people, you know, making them be second-class citizens, stripping them of rights, controlling their movements in and out of wherever they go, and also having economic blockades and medical blockades… And you know, like we’ve said, it’s an open-air prison. Do they really miss the irony of that? Do they not see that?

Norman Finkelstein: Yes, I do think they don’t see it. I do think they miss the irony. First of all, remember that a large portion of Europeans who came to the United States, the Pilgrims, the Puritans, they were fleeing religious persecution. And then they proceeded to inflict a really quite grotesque crimes on the indigenous population when they came here. The fact of the matter is just as the European settlers, White settlers who came here, the Euro-Americans, they couldn’t conceive the domestic population, the indigenous population, they couldn’t conceive them as being human beings of the same order as themselves. They were savages. And in the same way, the Israeli people can’t conceive Arabs or Muslims as being on the same moral order as themselves. They’re terrorists or they’re savages. So I think it’s correct to say that they don’t see anything awry in the way they’re carrying on.

In fact, if you read most of the testimonies of Israelis on the situation there, most Israelis haven’t the slightest of interest in what goes on in the West Bank and Gaza. They live very good lives, they have a very high standard of living, they travel a lot, but for them, the West Bank and Gaza are far-off distant, almost exotic places for Israelis. I know that might come as a surprise, but remember, for example, when I was growing up living in New York City, it’s a compact city as I suppose you know, 99% of White New Yorkers talked about Harlem, were terrified of Harlem, but had never stepped foot in Harlem. They had never seen it, let alone physically placed themselves there. And there was a funny thing back then, when Europeans came over, visitors, you know, young people, you’d ask them where do you live, and they would all say “Harlem, of course”, [Laughter], yeah, because Harlem was exciting, you know, it was clubs, it was jazz… But for White New Yorkers, Harlem was some sight of terror. “Harlem?! You live in Harlem?! Oh my God!”

And I remember when I first went over to the Occupied Territories in 1988, I lived with some families in the West Bank, and when I told Israelis “You know, I went to the West Bank”, they’d say “You went to the West Bank?!” I mean their eyes buldged.  It’s a foreign place to them.

Jimmy Dore: That’s a fascinating… I mean it’s amazing these analogies you’re making, they’re very helpful actually.

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Israeli Media: Resistance Can’t Be Defeated!

Source

manar-06107010015539578651

Israeli Media: Hamas Can’t Be Defeated!

April 1, 2019

Haniyeh

Hamas Palestinian movement cannot be defeated, and invading the coastal enclave would be like fighting in the jungles of Vietnam, Israeli journalist said.

In an article entitled “Israel has no way of winning in Gaza”, Israeli journalists at Ynet, Oded Shalom, said that Hamas is “far behind” the Israeli army in “every military aspect and there is no room for comparison.”

“I am sorry to say that even as the election campaign enters its home stretch, none of the candidates has the courage to speak the truth about the Gaza Strip: Hamas cannot be defeated,” Shalom said.

The Israeli journalist noted meanwhile that the occupation military is equipped with the most modern technology, adding that “: forces from the air, land and sea could precisely hit and destroy any target in the Gaza Strip from miles away. Yet Hamas is invincible, and that is the truth.”

Then, Shalom said that any Israeli invasion of the besieged strip of Gaza would be like fighting in the jungles of Vietnam.

“Invading Gaza will be like fighting in the jungles of Vietnam. The IDF’s technological advantage will diminish in the maze of tunnels that Hamas has dug. The terror group may ask for a temporary cease-fire, but will never surrender, and Israel – subjected to relentless rocket fire, loss of life and damage to property – will agree to such a truce. It will be a rerun of Operation Protective Edge in 2014 and all the other military operations in Gaza that came before. And that, too, is the truth,” Shalom said, referring to Israeli occupation military and to Hamas resistance movement.

In this context, he said Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu is cautious when unleashing the military might of the occupation military on Gaza.

“One good thing that I can say about Netanyahu is that he is the only of the candidates who is not making unrealistic video clips emblazoned with the slogan “Let the IDF win.””

However, Shalom noted that Netanyahu “lacks the courage of leader, like the courage late prime minister Ariel Sharon had when he came up with and gained public opinion for the disengagement from Gaza.”

“A courageous leader should say that Hamas in Gaza cannot be defeated, that those launching firebombs attached to balloons or guerrilla fighters hiding in tunnels cannot be defeated.”

Shalom said meanwhile that the Zionist occupation needs to negotiate with Hamas, but noted that negotiation would take place “by sending suitcases filled with cash but with the mediation of Egypt and the aid of the oil rich Gulf states.”

“We need a long-term cease fire agreement that would include building houses and infrastructure in Gaza. We will not reach a peace deal with Hamas, but we will be able to live next to them in peace,” he added, clarifying that the “balance of terror will be mutual like the balance of terror we have with Hezbollah in Lebanon.”

“But it is our fate to always live by our sword,” the Israeli journalist added.

Source: Israeli media

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The Icons of Return أيقونات العودة

By Yousef Fares, al-Akhbar Newspaper

“Israel” never gets tired of imposing the same occupation experience. It is stupidity or the nature of tyrants that gave rise – knowingly or unknowingly – to the popular icons that occupy a large portion of the society’s emotional state.

The “Israeli” army’s snipers rewrote the details of the story of the Great March of Return. Its heroes are a group of simple people who took to the streets in their thousands on March 30, 2018 to demand their historic right to return to Palestine. This was before the bullets transformed them into unforgettable icons. Others are still alive – and so is the resistance.

A sniper of a different kind

“Even Yasser himself did not expect the ending to be so quick. He might have expected how it would look, but he still had so much he wanted to do,” said a close friend of martyred journalist Yasser Murtaja. Since the first day of the Great March of Return, Murtaja had not left the field. He shot images of what his camera captured and what the snipers hit. The young man spent his 30 years in Gaza, the only city he knew his entire life as he once said. Since the beginning of his career as a journalist, he was able to capture the most beautiful images that reflected his optimism. “Always smiling,” his fellow journalists said, adding that he was one of the few who only had their pictures taken while they were smiling. He also published materials that made people smile but invoked a sense of bewilderment at the same time.

In the devastated Shejaiya neighborhood following the 2014 war, Murtaja filmed his documentary, “Gaza: Surviving Shejaiya”. The story revolves around a girl, Bisan, who he rescued from the rubble. A close bond formed between Yasser and her, allowing him to be Bisan’s only friend and companion through the mental and physical rehabilitation that she underwent following the martyrdom of her family.

He was an ambitious young man. Murtaja was the founder of Ain Media and one of the first individuals to take a picture of Gaza using a drone camera. The residents of the Strip, who never saw their land from an airplane window or from a skyscraper, saw the picture but without knowing it was him who took it. Murtaja was injured on April 4, 2018. Everyone prayed for him to get better. However, he passed away on the same evening to become the first media person to be killed by the “Israelis” in the Great March of Return. His colleagues carried his body as it was photographed using his drone camera.

A child’s patent

The Icons of Return

The image of the child, Mohammed Ayyash, aroused the curiosity of various international agencies. Ayash, who is barely nine years old, filed a patent and an idea in an attempt to overcome the tear gas fired by the “Israeli” army on demonstrators. He heard his father, who was wounded in the first Palestinian Intifada [uprising] (1989), say that onions are the best solution to fight the effect of the gas. Although the “onion mask” is only made up of a medical facemask and an onion he picked from one of the agricultural fields, the child became an icon on social media, as well as among the Arab and international press. After his picture was taken by journalist Osama al-Kahlout, he was honored and hosted by various media and national bodies.

“The onion mask” picture was recorded as one of the funniest, most innocent and challenging scenes. It was a piece of equipment the child had prepared in his bag along with pieces of potatoes because he was expecting that he would enter occupied Palestine on that day. Thinking that the stones thrown at the soldiers come only from refugee camps, he decided to stone the soldiers with potatoes! In this innocent manner, Muhammad recounted the events of that day. He became one of those who translated their actions into a simple language, the language spoken by the rightful owners before their occupiers, who are armed with all the instruments of death.

The revolutionaries in wheelchair

The Icons of Return

What symbol can a picture of a limbless young man leaving his wheelchair and crawling across the eastern border of the Strip present? He chants sometimes, and throws a stone that won’t fall further than a few meters from his body at other times. That is what martyr Ibrahim Abu Thuraya, the first icon of the protests against the American declaration to transfer the US Embassy to occupied Al-Quds, did. His picture and footage of his chants, which spread rapidly, was the beginning of the storm that his death caused on 15/12/2017. Abu Thuraya lost both legs in a bombing that targeted him in 2008. Despite his disability, he was keen to be the first attendee along the border since late 2017. The events of his martyrdom shocked the people in Gaza, as if he was telling them that they had no excuse when the wounded and the disabled head the ranks of the masses.

The Icons of Return

Fadi Abu Salah was Abu Thuraya’s successor. He was not content with just a symbolic participation in rebellion against his disability. He was an active contributor to throwing stones and mobilizing the masses. As in his life, his martyrdom in 14/5/2018 marked a turning point in the Arab and international media coverage of the Great March of Return. His photos contributed to the continuity of the popular momentum.

The first of the angels

A visitor to the house of martyr Razan al-Najjar in the Khuza’a neighborhood east of Khan Younis (south) can understand that the siege and repeated wars would only push a young woman to believe that the occupation is the cause of her crisis as well as that of her peers. Poverty that gave them simplicity, rebellion and redemption is the common factor that brought together Razan and the thousands who participated in protests along the eastern border of the Strip. The 21-year-old was known for her courage and her energy in providing first aid to the injured on the field. She seemed convinced of what she was doing when she said, “I am here at the line of contact. I form a human shield. I came here with courage and strength to save the lives of our brothers. Despite being injured and have a fractured arm, I refused to put a cast so it would not hinder my movement.”

Courageous Razan’s story came to an end when an “Israeli” sniper decided to kill it with a bullet that penetrated her back. The young woman, who was an active volunteer in the medical relief organization, passed away. With her departure, she shed the light on the cause of targeting medical staff during the marches. On the next Friday after her martyrdom, Razan’s mother wore her daughter’s medical coat and joined the marches with tens of Razan’s colleagues.

أيقونات العودة

فلسطين

 يوسف فارس
السبت 30 آذار 2019

غزة | لا تملّ إسرائيل من ممارسة التجربة الاحتلالية نفسها. إنه الغباء، أو طبائع المستبدين التي تصدّر من حيث تدري أو لا تدري أيقونات شعبية تحتل مساحة كبيرة في الحالة الشعورية للمجتمع. الحكاية أعاد قنّاصة جيش العدو كتابة تفاصيلها في «مسيرات العودة الكبرى»، وأبطالها مجموعة من البسطاء الذين خرجوا كعشرات الآلاف في 30 آذار/ مارس 2018، للمطالبة بحقهم التاريخي في العودة إلى فلسطين، قبل أن يحوّلهم الرصاص إلى رموز لا تنسى، وآخرون لا يزالون على قيد الحياة… والمقاومة

«قنّاص» من نوع آخر

«حتى ياسر نفسه لم يكن يتوقع أن تكون النهاية بهذه السرعة، ربما توقّع شكل الخاتمة، لكن في جعبته الكثير مما كان يريد أن يفعله»، هكذا يعلّق أحد أصدقاء الشهيد المصور ياسر مرتجى، مِمَّن عايشوه عن قرب. فمنذ اليوم الأول لـ«مسيرات العودة» لم يترك مرتجى الميدان: يراقب المساحة بين ما تقتنصه عدسة كاميراته، وما يصطاده قناصة الاحتلال. صاحب الأعوام الثلاثين التي قضاها في غزة، المدينة التي لم يشاهد سواها في حياته كما يقول، أبدع منذ بداية عمله الصحافي في أن يلتقط لها أجمل الصور التي تعكس شخصيته المتفائلة. «مبتسمٌ»، يقول زملاؤه الصحافيين، ويضيفون أنه من القلة الذين لا يلتقطون صورهم إلا وهم مبتسمون، ويعمدون إلى نشر مواد تثير الابتسامة والدهشة في آن واحد.

في الشجاعية المدمرة عقب حرب 2014، سجّل شهادته في فيلم وثائقي سمّاه «الشجاعية الناجية»، الذي تدور قصته حول الطفلة بيسان التي أنقذها من بين الركام، ونشأت بينه وبينها علاقة وثيقة أهّلته لأن يكون صديقها الوحيد الذي رافقها في رحلة علاجها الجسدي والنفسي بعد استشهاد عائلتها.

كان الشاب الطموح، مؤسس شركة «عين ميديا»، أول من التقط صورة لغزة بواسطة كاميرا طائرة، شاهدها سكان القطاع الذين لم يروا أرضهم يوماً من نافذة طائرة أو من ناطحة سحاب ليس لديهم مثلها، لكن من دون أن يعرفوا أنه كان هو من التقط الصورة. أصيب مرتجى ظهر الرابع من نيسان/ أبريل 2018، وجمع الدعاء القلوب في انتظار تحسن حالته، لكنه قضى في مساء اليوم نفسه، تاركاً برحيله أول «توقيع» إسرائيلي على الطواقم الصحافية، جسداً مسجّىً على أكتاف زملائه، صُوّر بواسطة كاميراته الطائرة.

براءة اختراع طفولية

أثارت صورة الطفل، محمد عياش، فضول مختلف الوكالات العالمية. عياش، الذي لم يتجاوز الأعوام التسعة، قدّم براءة اختراع وتفكير في محاولة للتغلب على الغاز المسيل للدموع الذي يطلقه الجيش الإسرائيلي بكثافة على المتظاهرين، بعدما كان قد سمع من والده الذي أصيب في الانتفاضة الفلسطينية الأولى (1989) أن البصل هو الحل الأمثل للتخفيف من تأثير الغاز. ورغم أن «قناع البصلة» ليس سوى نبتة بصل التقطها من أحد الحقول الزراعية، وغطّاها بكمامة طبية، فإن الطفل صار بعد هذا المشهد أيقونة ضجّت بها وسائل التواصل الاجتماعي، فضلاً عن الصحافة العربية والدولية. فصورته، التي التقطها الصحافي أسامة الكحلوت، كانت سفيرة له لتكريمه واستضافته في مختلف الهيئات الإعلامية والوطنية.

«قناع البصل» سُجّل كأحد أكثر المشاهد طرافة وبراءة وتحدياً، وكان واحداً من المعدات التي جهزها الطفل في جعبته، وإلى جانبه كان يضع حبات من البطاطا لأنه كان يتوقع أن يدخل في ذلك اليوم إلى فلسطين المحتلة. ولأنه اعتقد أن الحجارة التي ترمى على الجنود ابنة مخيمات اللجوء فقط، قرّر أن يرجم الجنود بالبطاطا! هكذا قدّم محمد سرديته البريئة عن أحداث ذلك اليوم، وصار من الذين ترجموا فعلهم بلغة البسطاء، لغة أصحاب الحق أمام محتليهم المسلحين بكل أدوات الموت.

ثائرو الكراسي المتحركة 

أي رمزية يمكن أن تقدمها صورة شاب مبتور الأطراف يترك كرسيّه المتحرك ويزحف على الحدود الشرقية للقطاع؟! يهتف تارةً، ويلقي حجراً لن يتجاوز جسده بأمتار في تارة أخرى. ذلك ما فعله الشهيد إبراهيم أبو ثريا، أُولى أيقونات الاحتجاج على الإعلان الأميركي لنقل السفارة إلى القدس المحتلة. صورته والمقاطع المصورة لهتافاته التي انتشرت سريعاً، كانت بداية العاصفة التي أحدثها استشهاده يوم 15/12/2017. أبو ثريا كان قد فقد كلتا قدميه في قصف استهدفه عام 2008، ورغم ذلك حرص على أن يكون أول الحاضرين على الحدود منذ نهاية 2017. أحدث استشهاده صدمة تفاعل معها الشارع في غزة، كأنه قال برحيله للجماهير إنه لا عذر لأحد حينما يتقدم المصابون والمقعدون صفوف الجماهير.

كان فادي أبو صلاح خليفة أبو ثريا الأول، إذ لم يكتفِ بالمشاركة الرمزية للتمرد على العجز، بل كان مساهماً فعالاً في رجم الحجارة وتعبئة الجماهير. وكما في حياته، مثّل استشهاده يوم 14/5/2018 حدثاً فارقاً في التغطية الإعلامية العربية والدولية التي نالتها «مسيرات العودة»، وأسهمت صوره في استمرارية الزخم الشعبي.

أول الملائكة 

يمكن زائرَ منزل الشهيدة رزان النجار، في حيّ خزاعة شرقي مدينة خانيونس (جنوب)، أن يفهم أنه ما كان يمكن الحصارَ والحروب المتكررة إلا أن تدفع شابة في عمرها إلى القناعة بأن وجود الاحتلال هو سبب أزمتها كما كل أبناء جيلها. والفقر الذي أورثهم البساطة والتمرد والفداء هو العامل المشترك الذي جمع بين رزان والآلاف الذين داوموا على الحدود الشرقية للقطاع. ابنة الواحد والعشرين ربيعاً، التي عُرفت بجرأتها ونشاطها في تقديم المساعدة الطبية الأولية إلى المصابين في الميدان، بدت مقتنعة بما تقوم به، حين قالت: «أنا هنا على خطوط التماس، أُشكّل درعاً بشرية… جئت إلى هنا وقد امتلكت الجرأة والقوة لأنقذ أرواح إخواننا، ورغم تعرضي للإصابة والكسر في يدي، رفضتُ أن أضع الجبيرة حتى لا تعوق حركتي».

انتهت حكاية رزان الشجاعة من وجهة نظر القناص الإسرائيلي بطلقة اخترقت ظهرها. قضت الشابة التي نشطت في «منظمة الإغاثة الطبية» تطوعاً، وسلطت برحيلها الضوء على قضية استهداف الطواقم الطبية التي لم تسلم خلال المسيرات. في الجمعة التالية لرحيلها، كانت أم رزان تلبس معطف ابنتها الطبي، وتنضم إلى المسيرات برفقة العشرات من زميلاتها المتطوعات.

من ملف : يوم الأرض: العودة أقرب

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