A Night of Atrocities at “Israeli” Prison: Bleeding Palestinians Left in Rain with No Food or Toilets

By Staff, Haaretz

Here’s what happened on the night of March 24 in Ketziot Prison in Al-Naqab:

Far from the eyes of the public: 100 Palestinian prisoners, bound hand and foot with plastic handcuffs, were thrown to the ground, beaten with clubs and shot with Tasers. When morning broke, the plastic cuffs were replaced with steel ones, and they were shackled to one another in pairs. They were left like that for a day and a half, under the open sky in the desert cold, without water, without food, without toilets. Most were wounded, some were bleeding. The rain that fell on them mingled with the blood flowing from their injuries.

They were wounded when Special Forces of the “Israel” Prison Service, Border Police and regular police force – a total of about 300 warders and officers – invaded their wing.

The situation had become particularly fraught between the Ketziot warders and the prisoners after the latter’s cellphones were jammed – by means of measures that terrified the prisoners because of their perceived radiation hazard, and infuriated them as well because now they were even more cut off than ever from their families. Afterward came the stabbing and then the brutal acts of punishment and revenge by the IPS and police forces against the inmates in wing A-4. They used Tasers and clubs on nearly every prisoner in the wing. Dozens were wounded, eight were taken to the hospital by helicopter.

Very little about these events was reported in the media. This week, however, an opportunity arose to hear a full report about what actually happened last month, from a prisoner who was released from Ketziot two weeks ago. He, too, was wounded in the furor and needed hospital treatment even after his release.

Mohammed Salaima, his wife, Ruseila, and their two children – 2-year-old Yazar and 8-month-old Mayis, who was born while her father was in Ketziot – live in a small one-room apartment in the neighborhood of Jabel Kurbaj in Al-Khalil [Hebron]. He’s a smiling, stocky baker of 25.

On March 29, five days after the unrest broke out at Ketziot, Salaima finished his jail term and returned home. For three hours, Salaima described the events of the night of March 24, which he referred to as the “night of the crimes” and the “night of the atrocity.”

The trouble began with the announcement of the installation of jamming devices on February 18, in wing A-4 where more than 110 prisoners are housed in six tents. At the time, there were three or four smuggled cell phones in the wing, and the inmates used them in rotation: A prisoner could make one 15-minute call every three days.

The prison warders informed the inmates about the jamming devices, Salaima says, confirming that the decision was made by “Israeli” Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan, ahead of the election on April 9, as a show of their toughness with Hamas detainees.

The prison management announced that a search would be carried out in wing A-4 and that the inmates would be moved elsewhere while it was being conducted. There were now about 100 prisoners in the cellblock, some having been released in the meantime. At first, “Israeli” service claimed that the move would only last for two hours. Then they said it was for the night, but ultimately the inmates were ordered to take their gear with them because they were being moved to wing A-3, which had been evacuated, for two weeks. The transfer proceeded quietly at first, with 10 inmates walking over at a time, until only a few detainees remained in A-4.

The whole transfer procedure was accompanied by members of Special Forces from the IPS and the police: Masada, Yamam, Yamar and Keter. Now they burst inside, forcibly. Some 300 of them were arrayed against the inmates, most of them already in A-3, a few still in A-4. Not one prisoner escaped the blows of the clubs or the Taser, says Salaima, adding that the beatings were indiscriminate and that they turned the prison wings into a battlefield. Forty-five inmates were wounded. He tried to hide in a corner but was clubbed; the scars on his forehead and his nose testify to that.

“They broke legs, arms, noses, chins, ribs,” he says, about the Special Forces that had been brought in. “Masada shot, and Yamar, Yamam and Keter did the beating.” About 340 Taser shells were fired at the Palestinian Prisoners, and around 15 to 20 dogs also took part in the operation to suppress the prisoners, and wounded a few of them. The melee lasted for three or four hours, into the night, according to Salaima.

That was followed by the shackling of prisoners’ hands and feet, who were then left outside, under the nighttime sky. For 36 hours the inmates remained like that – bound, hungry, thirsty, bruised, and exposed to the cold, on the ground.

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Palestinians behind «Israeli» Bars

Designed By Abeer Mrad

In the Occupied Palestinian territories, the “Israeli” entity has built 22 prisons in which it unjustly detains approximately 7000 Palestinians among those are men, women and children of all walks of life.

Palestinians behind «Israeli» Bars

 

 

israel (apartheid state) Pharmaceutical Firms Test Medicines on Palestinian Prisoners

Israel Pharmaceutical Firms Test Medicines on Palestinian Prisoners
By Middle East Monitor

Israeli Professor Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian revealed yesterday that the Israeli occupation authorities issues permits to large pharmaceutical firms to carry out tests on Palestinian and Arab prisoners, Felesteen.ps reported.

The Hebrew University lecturer also revealed that the Israeli military firms are testing weapons on Palestinian children and carry out these tests in the Palestinian neighbourhoods of occupied Jerusalem.

Speaking in Columbia University in New York City, Shalhoub-Kevorkian said that she collected the data while carrying out a research project for the Hebrew University

“Palestinian spaces are laboratories,” she said. “The invention of products and services of state-sponsored security corporations are fueled by long-term curfews and Palestinian oppression by the Israeli army.”

In her talk, entitled “Disturbing Spaces – Violent Technologies in Palestinian Jerusalem”, the professor added:

“They check for which bombs to use, gas bombs or stink bombs. Whether to put plastic sacks or cloth sacks. To beat us with their rifles or to kick us with boots.”

Last week, Israeli authorities refused to hand over the body of Fares Baroud, who passed away inside Israeli prisons after suffering from a number of diseases. His family fear that he could have been used for such tests and Israel is afraid this could be revealed through forensic investigations.

5,000 tests on prisoners

In July 1997, Israeli newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth reported remarks for Dalia Itzik, chairman of a parliamentary committee, acknowledged that the Israeli Ministry of Health had given pharmaceutical firms permits to test their new drugs of inmates, noting that 5,000 tests had already been carried out.

Robrecht Vanderbeeken, the cultural secretary of Belgium’s ACOD trade union, warned in August 2018 the population of the Gaza Strip is being “starved to death, poisoned, and children are kidnapped and murdered for their organs.”

This follows previous warnings from Palestinian Ambassador to the United Nations Riyad Mansour who said the bodies of Palestinians killed by Israeli security forces “were returned with missing corneas and other organs, further confirming past reports about organ harvesting by the occupying power.”

Featured image: Palestinian activists take part in a protest in solidarity with Palestinian prisoners in Israeli prisons [Source: Almanar News English/Twitter]

Tension in Al-Naqab Prison as Detainees Protest Installation of Disturbance Devices

By Staff

Occupied Palestine – Palestinian detainees in the al-Naqab desert prison are getting prepared to escalate their protests, in objection to the ‘Israeli’ occupation regime’s oppressive policies and the installation of disturbance devices around the prison.

In this respect, liberated detainee Abdul Nasser Farawneh, the Head of Studies Department at the Society of Detained and Liberated Palestinian Prisoners, said that “the situation in al-Naqab Prison is moving towards escalation because the prison’s administration will install disturbance devices around the prison’s sections,” adding that “detainees inside the prison are worried about the influence of those devices and believe that they will cause cancer for them.”

Farawneh told al-Ahed website that “in less than a week, two Palestinian detainees set themselves ablaze inside the al-Naqab desert prison in protest of installing the devices and against the Zionist prisons’ administration’s attempts to humiliate detainees.”

Farawneh further noted that some 160 Palestinian detainees inside the occupation’s prisons suffer from chronic diseases, around 30 of them are diagnosed with cancer.

He also urged all of Palestinians, the presidency, government, factions, institutions and crowds to stand in solidarity with them and rush to an urgent movement to stop that oppressive and humiliating measures committed by the prisons’ administrations against the detainees.

It is good to restate that there are around 5700 Palestinian detainees inside ‘Israeli’ prisons, including 49 female detainees, 230 children and 1500 detainees in the al-Naqab prison.

Earlier, the Palestinian Prisoner Club warned of escalation in the al-Naqab Prison as a result of the ‘Israeli’ administration’s treatment of detainees, adding that “there is a state of alert in the section of tents inside al-Naqab detention camp, and its administration started bringing ambulances and fire trucks in preparation to any confrontation that may break out inside the section.”

He also uncovered that the prison’s administration started installing disturbance devices around the section 4 days ago, in addition to escalating oppression, storming and naked inspection, creating tension between the detainees and the administration.

Farawneh warned of such practices, which hint to preparations to oppressing any confrontation that might take place inside the section, especially after the prisons’ administrations increased its oppressive measures against the detainees since the beginning of the year.

Earlier on January 21, more than a 100 detainees were injured in the Zionist Ofer Prison west of Ramallah as the so-called Prison Service Forces attacked them, using rubber bullets, gas, sound bombs, batons and dogs, during which three rooms were totally burnt.

“Israeli” Authorities Submit to Palestinian Prisoners’ Demands to Cancel New Sanctions

Local Editor

Palestinian Prisoners’ leadership announced that “understandings were reached with the ‘Israeli’ prison administration, ending the tension in all prisons.”

The leadership said “the understandings include preserving the dignity, rights and benefits of the prisoners in Ofer Military Prison.”

Ofer, which includes 1,200 prisoners, including about 100 children, has been subjected to a series of incursions since January 20 by four “Israeli” repression units.

As a result of these attacks, some 100 prisoners were injured, most of whom suffered fractures and wounds due to severe beatings.

Source: U-News, Edited by website team

1,200 Palestinian Detainees Start Hunger Strike in “Israeli” Ofer Prison

Local Editor

More than 1,200 Palestinian detainees in Zionist Ofer Prison yesterday launched an open-ended hunger strike, in protest against the occupation’s continuous violations against them.

In further details, the Palestinian Prisoners’ Club [PPC] said that about 150 Palestinian prisoners were wounded when the “Israeli” Special Military Police stormed Ofer on Monday morning.

According to the PPC, six prisoners suffered from fractures, 40 were wounded in their heads and had stitches and the others suffered injuries as a result of the use of rubber bullets and tear gas.

In response to the violent Zionist crackdown, prisoners refused to eat and rejected offers by the prison administration to meet with detainee representatives unless all factions were represented in the meeting.

Source: News Agencies, Edited by website team

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Tales of torture from israel’s prisons

Tales of Torture From Israel’s Prisons

As Israel prepares to worsen conditions for Palestinian prisoners, we asked six former inmates about their experiences.

by &
Palestinian boys raise up their hands with chains, during a protest to show their solidarity with hunger striking Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails, May 4, 2017 [File: Hussein Malla/AP)

Palestinian boys raise up their hands with chains, during a protest to show their solidarity with hunger striking Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails, May 4, 2017 [File: Hussein Malla/AP)

Earlier this month, Israel’s Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan announced plans to “worsen” already horrific conditions for Palestinian prisoners in Israel’s jails.

According to the Palestinian prisoners’ rights group Addameer, there are nearly 5,500 Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails, including 230 children and 54 women. Of that number, 481 prisoners are held without trial – under the guise of an unlawful practice known as “administrative detention”. 

Speaking to reporters on January 2, Erdan disclosed some aspects of his plan, but a sinister context was missing from the story.

The minister said the prisoners will be denied “cooking rights”, yet failed to mention that many prisoners, especially during the first stage of their detention, are tortured and denied food altogether. “The plan also includes preventing members of the Knesset from visiting Palestinian detainees,” Erdan added but did not mention how hundreds of Palestinian prisoners are already denied access to lawyers and family visitations on a regular basis.

There is no reason to doubt the Israeli minister’s words when he vows to worsen conditions for Palestinian prisoners. However, the horrific conditions under which thousands of Palestinians are held in Israeli jails – which itself is a violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention – are already at a stage that can only be described as inhumane as they fail the minimum standards set by international and humanitarian laws.

No one is as qualified to describe Israeli prison conditions as Palestinian prisoners, who experienced every form of physical and psychological torture, and have spent years, sometimes decades, fending for their humanity every hour of every day.

We spoke to six freed prisoners, including two women and a child, who shared their stories with us, with the hope that their testimonies would help the world understand the true context of Erdan’s latest plan.

I was only 16 when I decided to wear an explosive belt and blow myself up among Israeli occupation soldiers. It was all I could do to avenge Muhammad al-Durrah, the 12-year-old Palestinian child who was brutally killed by Israeli soldiers in front of television cameras in September 2000. When I saw the footage of Muhammad huddling by his father’s side, as soldiers showered them both with bullets, I felt powerless. That poor child. But I was arrested, and those who helped me train for my mission were killed three months after my detention.

Wafa’ Samir Ibrahim al-Bis was born in the Jablaiya refugee camp in Gaza. She was 16-years-old when she was detained on May 20, 2005. She was sentenced to 12-years in prison after she was convicted of attempting to carry out a suicide mission targeting Israeli soldiers. She was released in 2011 in a prisoner swap between the Palestinian Resistance and Israel [Courtesy of Ramzy Baroud and Abdallah Aljamal]

I was tortured for years inside the Ramleh prison’s infamous Cell nine, a torture chamber they designated for people like me. I was hanged from the ceiling and beaten. They put a black bag on my head as they beat and interrogated me for many hours and days. They released dogs and mice in my cell. I couldn’t sleep for days at a time. They stripped me naked and left me like that for days on end. They didn’t allow me to meet with a lawyer or even receive visits from the Red Cross.

They had me sleep on an old, dirty mattress that was as hard as nails. I was in solitary confinement in Cell number nine for two years. I felt that I was buried alive. Once they hanged me for three days nonstop. I screamed as loud as I could, but no one would untie me.

When I was in prison, I felt so lonely. Then one day, I saw a little cat walking among the rooms, so I kept throwing her food so that she would be my friend. Eventually, she started coming inside my cell and would stay with me for hours. When the guards discovered that she was keeping me company, they slit her throat in front of me. I cried for her more than I cried for my own fate.

A few days later, I asked the guard for a cup of tea. She came back and said: “stick your hand out to grab the cup”. I did, but instead she poured boiling water on my hand, causing third-degree burns. I have scars from this incident to this day and I still need help treating my hand.

I cry for Israa’ Ja’abis, whose whole body has been burned yet she remains in an Israeli jail.

I often think of all the women prisoners I left behind.

In May 2015, I wanted to visit my family living in the West Bank. I was missing them terribly as I hadn’t seen them for years. But as soon as I arrived to the Beit Hanoun (Eretz) Crossing, I was detained by Israeli soldiers.

My ordeal on that day started at about 7:30 in the morning. Soldiers searched me in such a humiliating way. They probed every part of my body. They forced me to undress completely. I stayed in that condition till midnight.

In the end, they chained my hands and feet, and blindfolded me. I begged the officer in charge to allow me to call my family because they were still waiting on the other side of the crossing. The soldiers agreed on the condition that I use the exact phrase: “I am not coming home tonight,” and nothing more.

Sana’a Mohammed Hussein al-Hafi was born in the West Bank. She moved to the Gaza Strip after meeting her future husband. She spent 10 months in prison and a further five months under house arrest for transferring money to a ‘hostile entity (Hamas)’ [Courtesy of Ramzy Baroud and Abdallah Aljamal]

Then more soldiers arrived. They threw me in the back of a large military truck. I felt the presence of many dogs and men surrounding me. The dogs barked and the men laughed. I was so scared.

I was taken to the Ashkelon military compound, where I was searched again in the exact same degrading manner, and placed in a very small cell with a dim light. It smelled terrible. It was very cold although it was early summer. The bed was tiny and filthy. The covers too. The soldiers took all of my possessions, including my watch.

I couldn’t sleep, as I was interrogated every few hours. I would sit on a wooden chair for long periods of time to be subjected to the same routine, filled with shouting and insults and dirty language. I was kept in the Ashkelon compound for seven days. They allowed me to shower once, with very cold water.

At night, I heard voices of men and women being tortured; angry shouts in Hebrew and broken Arabic; doors slamming in a most disturbing manner.

At the end of that week, I was transferred to HaSharon prison, where I was relieved to be with other Palestinian female prisoners, some minors, some mothers like me, and some old ladies.

Every two or three days, I was taken out of my cell for more interrogation. I would leave at dawn and return around midnight. Occasionally, I was put in a large military truck with other women and taken to military court. We were either chained individually or to each other. We would wait for hours only to be told that the court session had been postponed to a later date.

In our cells, we struggled to survive under harsh conditions and medical neglect. Once an old woman prisoner collapsed. She had diabetes and was receiving no medical attention. We all started screaming and crying. Somehow, she survived.

I was in prison for ten months. When I was finally released from prison, I was put under house arrest in Jerusalem for another 5 months. I missed my family. I thought about them every hour of every day. No words can describe how harrowing that experience was, to have your freedom taken away, to live without dignity and without rights.

No words.

The day I saw my mother
Fuad Qassim al-Razam

I have experienced both psychological and physical torture in Israeli jails, which forced me to confess to things I did and didn’t do.

Fuad Qassim al-Razam was born in the Palestinian city of Jerusalem. He spent 31 years in prison for killing an Israeli soldier and an armed settler among other charges [Courtesy of Ramzy Baroud and Abdallah Aljamal]

The first phase of detention is usually the most difficult because the torture is most intense and the methods are most brutal. I was denied food and sleep and I was left hanging from the ceiling for hours. At times I was left standing in the rain, naked, tied to a pole, with a bag on my head. I would be left in that condition the whole day, while occasionally getting punched, kicked and hit with sticks by soldiers.

I was forbidden from seeing my family for years, and when I finally was allowed to see my mother, she was dying. An ambulance brought her to Beir Al-Saba’ prison, and I was taken in my shackles to see her. She was in terrible health and could no longer speak. I remember the tubes coming out of her hands and nose. Her arms were bruised and blue from where the needles entered her frail skin.

I knew it would be the last time I would ever see her, so I read some Quran to her before they took me back to my cell. She died 20 days later. I know she was proud of me. When I was released, I was not allowed to read verses from the Quran by her grave as I was deported to Gaza immediately after the prisoner exchange in 2011.

One day I will visit her grave.

‘They burned my genitals’
Mohammed Abul-Aziz Abu Shawish

I was arrested by Israel seven times; the first time I was six-years-old. That was in 1970. Then, they accused me of throwing rocks at Israeli soldiers. I was arrested again when I was a teenager. That time I was beaten up and an Israeli officer lit a match under my genitals. They stripped my clothes off and placed my underwear in my mouth to muffle my screams. I felt pain when I tried to use the bathroom for many days after that incident.

Mohammed Abul-Aziz Abu Shawish was born in the Nuseirat Refugee camp in Gaza in 1964. His family is originally from Barqa, a village in southern Palestine that was ethnically-cleansed in 1948. He spent 9 years in prison after being charged with possessing a weapon and being a member of the Fatah movement [Courtesy of Ramzy Baroud and Abdallah Aljamal]

My last imprisonment was the longest. I was detained on April 23, 1985, and remained in jail for 9 years to be released after the signing of the Oslo Accords.

Even in prison, our fight for our rights never ceased. We fought through hunger strikes and they fought us back with isolation and torture. As soon as the prison administration would concede to our demands, to end our strike, they would slowly deprive us from everything we had achieved. They would withhold food, prevent family visitations, even prevent us from meeting with our own prison mates. They often confiscated our books and other educational materials for no reason whatsoever.

When I was released on January 8, 1994, I joined the prisoner rehabilitation unit in the Labour Ministry. I tried my best to help my fellow freed prisoners. Since I retired, I wrote a book entitled: Before My Tormentor is Dead, detailing the years of my imprisonment.

I am not a trained writer, I just want the world to know of our plight.

‘They detained my family’
Shadi Farah

I was arrested on December 30, 2015, when I was only 12-years-old. I was released on November 29, 2018. At the time, I was the youngest Palestinian prisoner in Israeli jails.

Shadi Farah was arrested in his home in Jerusalem at the age of 12. He was accused of trying to kill Israeli soldiers with a knife they found at his house [Courtesy of Ramzy Baroud and Abdallah Aljamal]

My interrogation took place in the Maskoubiah prison in Jerusalem, specifically in Cell number four. After days of physical torture, sleep deprivation and severe beating, they imprisoned my whole family – my mom and dad and sisters and brothers.

They told me that my family was held captive because of me and they would only be released if I confessed to my crimes. They swore at me with profanity I cannot repeat. They threatened to do unspeakable things to my mom and sisters.

After each torture session, I would return to my cell so desperate to sleep. But then soldiers would wake me up by slapping my face, kicking me with their boots and punching me in the stomach.

I love my family, and when they used to prevent them from visiting me, it broke my heart.

‘Prisoners are heros’
Jihad Jamil Abu-Ghabn

In prison, my jailers tried to break my spirit and take away my dignity, not just through violence, but also through specific techniques meant to humiliate and demoralise me.

Jihad Jamil Abu-Ghabn spent nearly 24 years in Israeli jails for participating in the first Intifada and for being involved in the killing of an Israeli settler. He was released in 2011 [Courtesy of Ramzy Baroud and Abdallah Aljamal]

They often placed a bag with a most foul smell over my head, which led me to vomit repeatedly inside the bag. When the bag was removed, I would be left with a swollen face and a massive headache from the intermittent deprivation of oxygen.

Throughout my interrogation (which lasted for months), they had me sit on a chair with uneven legs for hours on end. I could never find a comfortable position, which left me with permanent pain in my back and neck.

At times they would introduce ‘prisoners’ to my cell, claiming to be genuine members of the Palestinian Resistance. I would later discover that these prisoners were actually collaborators who were trying to trick me into confessing. We called these collaborators assafir (birds).

Palestinian prisoners are heroes. No words can describe their legendary steadfastness and unfathomable sacrifices.

Yousef Aljamal contributed to this article.

The views expressed in this article are the authors’ own and do not necessarily reflect Al Jazeera’s editorial stance. 

شخصية العام: نائل البرغوثي

 عبد القادر عقل

شخصية العام: نائل البرغوثي

رفض البرغوثي عرض الإبعاد عن فلسطين وقَبِل الإقامة الجبرية في رام الله (أي بي أيه )

سلفيت | يبدأ عام جديد في حياة كل الناس، وعام آخر يقرّب نائل البرغوثي من السنة الأربعين في السجن. أكثر من نصف عمر القضية الفلسطينية قضاها «جنرال الصبر» أسيراً. ارتاح فيها لثلاث سنوات فقط، بين 2011 و2014، وهذا الأصعب: أن تتنشّق الحرية، أن تتعرّف إلى وجوه أصدقائك القدامى، أن تتعرّف إلى الحاسوب والإنترنت… وفجأة ينتهي الحلم. هذا الرجل تعلّم أن يتشبّث بحقوقه ويرفض المساومات. فمنذ الصغر، عندما حاول زميل الدراسة أخذ كتاب التاريخ منه، قاوم بكلّ ما يمكن للطفل أن يقاوم، كما رفض اقتراح المعلم تقسيم الكتاب إلى جزءين. اعتُقل وهو فتى، طالب في الثانوية العامة، لتمرّ عليه 34 عاماً، ثم سنوات الحرية الثلاث، ثم سبع سنوات من الأسر ليصير عمره الآن 62 عاماً، ولا يزال يواجه حكمه القديم: المؤبّد. ومع أنه يعلم تمام العلم أن لا حرية من القيد إلا بصفقة تبادل جديدة تشمله، فإن «جنرال الصبر» هو عنوان عائلته المُقاتِلة التي لا تستقيل من الأجداد إلى الأحفاد، منذ سجن نائل وعمر وفخري في 1978، إلى دم صالح في 2018، وبينهما أجيال من الشهداء والأسرى، آخرهم الشهيد صالح الذي شارك في تنفيذ إطلاق نار قرب مستوطنة «عوفرا»، وسط الضفة.

«أتمنّى الاستلقاء ساعة فقط تحت شمس قريتي كوبر وفوق ربيعها». سرٌّ صغير نقله الأسير الفلسطيني نائل البرغوثي، لوالدته، أثناء إحدى زياراتها إليه في سجون العدو. ومع أنه حقّق أمنيته بعد 34 عاماً، لم يكن أبوه أو أمه على قيد الحياة عندما خرج ليشهدا تلك اللحظة. ليت الوجع انتهى هنا، إذ لم يكمل ثلاث سنوات من «الحرية المشروطة»، حتى لاقى أسوأ مصير يمكن أن يتعرّض له أسير محرّر. فما إن تنفّس الصعداء عقب «صفقة شاليط» عام 2011، حتى أعاد العدو اعتقاله في 2014. هذا ملخّص سيرة «أقدم سجين (سياسي) في العالم»، يدخل عامه الـ 39 في السجن، فصلت ما بينها سنوات في «سجن أكبر، سماؤه بلا قضبان»، كما يصف.
قبل سبع سنوات، في تبادل «وفاء الأحرار» الكبير، كان بإمكان نائل أن يتّخذ قرار الإبعاد، شأنه شأن عدد من الأسرى المُفرَج عنهم آنذاك، ويجنّب نفسه هذا المصير، لكنه كان سيحرم ذاته تحقيق أمنية الاستلقاء تحت شمس كوبر. لذلك قال: «اقتراح الاحتلال إبعادنا خارج فلسطين مرفوض، ولن نقبل إلا العودة إلى عائلاتنا». ما إن خرج في 11/10/2011، ولم يمرّ سوى اثني عشر يوماً، حتى حقّق أمنية والدته وعَقد قرانه على الأسيرة المحررة إيمان نافع (من قرية نعلين غربي رام الله). وفي حفلة زفافه، قال لوسائل الإعلام: «كما ترون: عرس وطني، وإن شاء الله يكون امتداداً لعرسٍ أكبر بتحرر (باقي) إخواننا الأسرى».

اعتقُل نائل في 1978 وتحرّر في 2011 ثم اعتُقل في 2014

في لقاء آخر (23/11/2011)، يسأله محاوره عبر التلفزيون: «كيف بدت لك قريتك، وما هي مشاعرك بعد 33 عاماً في السجون». ينسى «أبو النور» نفسه وهو يصف قريته التي رفض أن يُبعَد عنها، مسهباً في الحديث عن «سحر الطبيعة» الذي بدا أن له حصّة واسعة في شخصيته. يستدرك: «لم أتنسّم حريتي كلياً، فأبناء شعبي تنقصهم حقوقهم، وحياتهم ليست طبيعية كباقي العالم، إنني أعيش في سماء بلا قضبان، وحريتي منقوصة رغم أن الوضع مريح نوعاً ما». في ختام اللقاء، يصفه المذيع بـ«الأب الروحي للحركة الأسيرة»، لكنه يعترض بشدة: «عفواً، لست الأب الروحي، خلفنا وبعدنا جاء عشرات الجنود المجهولين، يجب تسليط الضوء على الأسرى كافة».

سنوات «الحرية»

مقابل رفض نائل الإبعاد، فُرضت عليه الإقامة الجبرية في محافظة رام الله والبيرة، وكان ممنوعاً عليه أن يخرج من حدودها. صحيح أنه لم ينل المساحة التي نالها مَن قَبِل الإبعاد أو أُجبر عليه، لكنه نجح في نيل أمنيته بالاجتماع مع عائلته وتوأم روحه، قريته كوبر، وضريحَيْ والديه، كما نفّذ وصية والدته. استثمر البرغوثي سنوات الحرية المؤقتة في دراسة التاريخ في جامعة القدس المفتوحة، كما شارك شقيقه عمر الفرحة بزفاف نجل الأخير، الشهيد صالح (منفذ عملية فدائية قرب مستوطنة «عوفرا» الشهر الماضي).

رغم «حريته» المنقوصة، شارك في الفعاليات المتضامنة مع الأسرى في رام الله، كما بقي حريصاً على الحضور في المناسبات الاجتماعية، وزيارة ذوي الشهداء، ومنهم عائلة الشهيد عبد الحميد حامد في بلدة سلواد، شرقي رام الله، رغم مرور 28 عاماً على استشهاده. وبينما كانت الشمس في كبد السماء خلال تموز/ يوليو 2013، أصّر نائل على أن يحمل على كتفيه جثمان رفيق أسره أحمد أبو السكر، طوال التشييع، إذ قال: «أبو السكر حمل قضية فلسطين 27 سنة في السجون، فلنحمله 27 دقيقة على الأكتاف».

أيضاً، عاد نائل الشغوف بالأرض وطبيعتها الساحرة إلى تقاليد المزارع الريفي، ليحقّق أمنية من أمنيات السجن، فزرع عشرات الأشجار بيديه في حديقة أمام منزله واعتاد الاعتناء بها يومياً، كما التقط صحافيون صوراً له أثناء تربيته بعض الماشية. مرّت تلك الأيام كحلم جميل لم يتخيّل نائل، وعشرات المحرّرين، أن ينتهي بسرعة، عقب إعادة اعتقالهم عام 2014 في ردّ فعل واسع على قتل ثلاثة مستوطنين إسرائيليين في الخليل. منذ ذلك الوقت، قضى «أبو النور» ثلاثين شهراً بتهمة «التحريض عبر إلقائه محاضرة»، وبعد انتهاء المدة، أعاد العدو إليه حكمه السابق بالمؤبد، بذريعة «ملف أو تهمة سرية».

خارج الزمن

على مدار 34 عاماً، رفض العدو الإفراج عن «جنرال الصبر» في صفقات التبادل كافة، فاكتفى «أبو اللّهب» بتقديم التهاني إلى رفاقه المحرّرين الذين سبقوه، ومنهم شقيقه عمر الذي نال حريته أول مرة في 1985 خلال صفقة أبرمتها «الجبهة الشعبية ــــ القيادة العامة». ولم يشهد التاريخ أن نائل البرغوثي تخلّف عن أي إضرابٍ جماعي للحركة الأسيرة منذ اعتقاله في 1978، إذ بدأ إضرابه الأول عن الطعام لثلاثة أيام للمطالبة بتحسين جودة الطعام التي تقدمه إدارة السجون (يُعدّه الأسرى الجنائيون وغير الأمنيين). وجراء رفض الإدارة طلبهم، أضربوا عن الوجبات الغذائية المطهُوَّة لنحو نصف عام، واكتفوا بالخبز واللبن والفواكه وما شابهها من الأصناف غير المطبوخة، ثم رضخ العدو في النهاية وسلّمهم المطبخ.

قالت الوالدة لابنها في وصيتها: «ليت إيمان نافع تكون من نصيبك يا نائل!» (أي بي أيه )

يقول مُقرّبون إن نائل بدأ حياته يافعاً مقبلاً على دراسة الفكر التقدمي اليساري، لكنه سرعان ما تحوّل إلى العسكرة منخرطاً في صفوف «الكتيبة الطلابية» التابعة لـ«فتح»، إذ وجد فيها ما يلبّي عنفوانه وحماسته، وبقي كذلك حتى 1992، عندما اتجه نحو الالتزام الديني، واختار أن يُكنّى بـ«أبو النور». مع توقيع اتفاق «أوسلو» وتَسلّم السلطة الفلسطينية (1994)، نُقل نائل إلى سجن بئر السبع بعدما مكث أحد عشر عاماً في سجن جنيد في مدينة نابلس، قضى ثماني سنوات منها في زنزانة واحدة. بعد نقله بمدة قصيرة (1995)، قرّر العيش داخل أقسام حركة «حماس».

خلال أحد أيام 1997، فوجئ البرغوثي بعصفور يرتجف ويلتقط أنفاسه الأخيرة ولا يقوى على الطيران، محاولاً أن ينفض عن نفسه غبار سجن نفحة. أمسك الأسير الإنسان بالأسير العصفور ونفخ في منقاره، وأمدّه بقطرات الماء، ثم تنفّس العصفور وحلّق عالياً. يصف أسرى محرّرون نائل بـ«الرجل الوحدوي»، و«القارئ النهم»، و«واسع الاطلاع وكثير الإلمام في موضوعات شتى». ويقولون إن هذه الشخصية الآسرة للرجل الصابر تمتزج بالتواضع وتغلب عليها روح الفكاهة.

«المدرسة البرغوثية»

«درهم شرف خير من بيت مال». هذه المقولة كرّرتها أم نائل، فَرحة، لابنيها على مدى سنوات، وقالتها في الزيارة الأخيرة لنائل. ولما بَلَغتها أمنية ابنها في الاستلقاء على بساتين قريته وتحت شمسها، قالت لمراسل صحيفة «هآرتس» العبرية: «شو رأيك أخطفك، بس شوي، عشان أبادلك بنائل». بعدها، زرعت «الحجّة فرحة» شجرة ليمون باسم نائل في كوبر، وواظبت لسنوات على إحضار عبوات المياه لسقايتها من سجن نجلها، بل قطفت ثمرها ومرّرته إليه في السجن، قبل أن يمنَع العدو إدخال الليمون. وما إن لحظ نائل تعبها من نقل المياه من السجن، والليمون إليه، حتى توقف عن طلبه سقاية الشجرة.

توفّي والده في 2004 ووالدته في 2005 وتزوّج بأسيرة محررة

ذات مرة، تعمّد أحد جنود العدو تكرار المناداة على والدته محرّفاً اسمها: «فرخة! فرخة»، فردّت عليه: «فرخة! بس أنجبت ديوك يلعنوا أبوك». لم تعرف فرحة الكلل أو الملل، وجابت غالبية سجون العدو لزيارة ابنَيها نائل وعمر، كما خاضت معظم الإضرابات خارج السجون تزامناً مع إضراب أبنائها في الداخل. في 18/10/2005، انتظر الشقيقان نائل وعمر صوت والدتهما في برنامج الأسرى عبر إحدى الإذاعات. كانت وصاياها الأخيرة على الملأ: «درهم شرف ولا بيت مال يا حبايب قلبي… ليت إيمان نافع* تكون من نصيبك يا نائل!». ثم بعد يوم توفّيت الأم.
قبلها بسنة، أي في 2004، كانت زيارة الأب، صالح، الأخيرة لنجله نائل بعد منعٍ استمرّ سنوات. وبعدها توفّي الأب وتلقّى نائل وشقيقه عمر (المُعاد اعتقاله آنذاك) الخبر المفاجئ. آنذاك، ساق القدر الأخوين إلى الالتقاء في «معبار بئر السبع»، وبينما لهيب الشوق ينطفئ، عادت نار الفراق، إذ همس زميلٌ أسيرٌ في أذن الآخر: «المُسنّ بالثياب الزرقاء والعصا (صالح) لم يأتِ للزيارة… لقد مات!». أما الشقيقة الوحيدة لنائل، وكان عمرها 12 عاماً عند اعتقاله، فتزوجت وصار لديها أولاد ثم أحفاد، قبل أن يتحرّر هو في «صفقة شاليط». والآن عاد عمر، «أبو عاصف، إلى السجون مجدداً عقب استشهاد نجله صالح المحتجز جثمانه.

في مؤتمرٍ صحافي في التاسع عشر من الشهر الجاري، طالبت العائلة بالكشف عن تفاصيل ما حدث لنجلها صالح (استشهد في 12/12). ثم قرأ رئيس «هيئة شؤون الأسرى» السابق عيسى قراقع، رسالة «جنرال الصبر» لعائلته، إذ قال فيها:

«نُعزيكم باستشهاد صالح البرغوثي فارساً مقاتلاً، وأسال الله الفرج لأخينا أبو عاصف وابنه، وستتشرّفون بأنكم كنتم من الذين قدموا أرواحهم فداء للحرية وللقدس، ونشدّ على أياديكم وسنبقى على عهد الشهداء».

* إيمان نافع: أسيرة تحرّرت عام 1997، وكانت قد اعتُقلت في 1987، وحوكمت بالسجن 15 عاماً ونصف عام، بتهمة التخطيط لعملية فدائية.

أنقر على الصورة لتكبيرها

«القسام» لنائل: ستعانق الحرية من جديد

في الثامن عشر من الشهر الماضي، أرسل نائل البرغوثي من داخل سجنه رسالة بمناسبة مرور 38 عاماً على اعتقاله، لم يفصل بينها سوى «الحرية غير المكتملة». يقول أبو النور: «أصدق التحيات والمحبة أبعثها لكم من خلف 38 جداراً هي سنوات الأسر التي لم تحجبني عنكم… نعيش الأمل الذي يظلّلنا بقبس من نور الشهداء»، مضيفاً: «من خلف 38 عاماً، أقول لكم إن الشعب الذي أراد الحياة لن ينال إلا النصر». وجاء في الرسالة أيضاً: «الاحتلال لن يستطيع زرع الخذلان في نفسنا، لأننا نستند إلى جدار الله أولاً، ثم جدار كلّ من سار بخطى واثقة على درب من صنع الكرامة والعزة لأمتنا من المحيط إلى الخليج».

بعد يومين من رسالته، ردت «كتائب القسام»، الذراع العسكرية لحركة «حماس»، عبر تغريدة للمتحدث باسمها أبو عبيدة: «التحية الجهادية لأسطورة السجون وأيقونة المقاومة والصمود نائل البرغوثي، ونقول له: كما كسرنا القيد في وفاء الأحرار، سنكسر أنف المحتل وستعانق الحرية من جديد بإذن الله».

الطفولة والسجن: من «أبو اللهب» إلى «أبو النور»

المكان: قرية كوبر، شمال غرب رام الله، وسط الضفة المحتلة. الزمان: الثالث والعشرون من تشرين الأول/أكتوبر 1957. الحدث: صالح البرغوثي وزوجته فَرْحة على موعدٍ مع قدوم المولود الثاني لهما، نائل. ما إن بلغ هذا الطفل الرابعة من عمره، حتى سافر لأول مرة في حياته إلى الأردن مع أمه، لزيارة خاله المريض علي. وفي العام نفسه، زار المملكة مجدداً لتهنئة خاله بالإفراج عنه من السجون الأردنية.
بدأ نائل دراسته الابتدائية في مدرسة كوبر، لكنه في المرحلة الثانوية انتقل إلى بلدة بيرزيت، شمال رام الله. هناك، طلب من أساتذته تحويل اسم مدرسته إلى «مدرسة الثورة»، في وقت كانت فيه أجواء «حرب حزيران» 1967، أو ما تُسمّى «النكسة»، تحفر عميقاً في وعي كل فلسطيني، كما كانت «حركة التحرير الوطني الفلسطيني» (فتح) قد أعلنت انطلاقتها آنذاك.
في 1972، كانت أولى محطات العمل الثوري الفعلي للبرغوثي، إذ انخرط مبكراً في التظاهرات، ونجح في إنشاء علاقات مع الشباب الثوار الذين يكبرونه سناً في جامعة بيرزيت. ومن أبرز المسيرات الطلابية التي تقدّم صفوفها تظاهرة منددة باغتيال العدو «الكماليْن وأبو يوسف النجار» في بيروت عام 1973، ثم مسيرات يوم الأرض في 1976.

«أبو اللهب» هو اللقب المؤقّت الذي لازم نائل منذ السبعينيات حتى بداية التسعينيات، وأُطلق عليه لشهرته في إشعال إطارات السيارات خلال المواجهات في بيرزيت، لكنه تمكن في وقت قياسي من تجاوز مرحلة التظاهر والعمل الجماهيري (خلال سنتين فقط) إلى الكفاح المسلح. اعتقله العدو أول مرة في كانون الثاني/يناير 1978، وزَجّ به في سجن رام الله، لكن أُطلق سراحه بعد صموده، وجراء إخفاق المخابرات الإسرائيلية في توجيه لائحة اتهام إليه.

ثم في نيسان/أبريل التالي، وجد نائل نفسه في التحقيق مرة أخرى داخل السجن نفسه لأربعة أشهر. وبعد 12 يوماً، اعتَقل العدو شقيقه الأكبر عمر وابن عمه فخري، وحُكم على ثلاثتهم بالسجن المؤبد بتهم «قتل ضابط إسرائيلي شمال رام الله، وحرق مصنع زيوت داخل الأراضي المحتلة عام 1948، وتفجير مقهى في القدس المحتلة». داخل قاعة محاكمتهما، رفض الشقيقان وابن عمهما الاعتراف بشرعية محكمة العدو والإقرار بالذنب أو طلب الاستعطاف، فبدأ صراخ القاضي العسكري، وضرب بيديه على الطاولة صارخاً: «مؤبد مؤبد مؤبد». في تلك اللحظة، وقف الثلاثة وغنّوا: «ما بنتحول ما بنتحول يا وطني المحتل… هذي طريقنا واخترناها وعرة بنتحمل»، لتعلو فوقها زغاريد أمِّ «أبو النور» فَرْحة.

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