#STANDWITHISSA: Issa Amro Stood Against Israel’s Settler State and is About to Pay a Heavy Price

By Miko Peled

Source

Anyone familiar with the Israeli occupation and the violence of the settlers would find the following story impossible and unthinkable, however, Issa Amro was able to pull it off.

Occupied Hebron — “Israel wants to steal our history. They want to focus only on one small part of the history and ignore all the rest,” Issa Amro told me in an interview for the “Miko Peled Podcast,” (also available at Mikoeled.com). Issa was talking about why Israeli settlers are so keen to take over Tel Rumeida, a hill overlooking the city of Hebron. It is a hill that contains an archaeological and historical gold mine. Not because it contains actual gold, but because along with the ancient olive trees that have been alive and have sustained people who lived in Hebron for thousands of years, it contains proof of an ancient civilization and continuous life that goes back thousands of years.

Violent extremist take over

The city of Hebron has the misfortune of having been invaded by extreme religious Zionist settlers. These are settlers who have a very particular reading of Biblical stories and are extremely violent and uncompromising. Their hate for Palestinians knows no bounds and like other Zionists, these settlers have no regard for the actual historical significance of the city of Hebron, but only see it in terms of their narrow, fanatic reading of the Old Testament.

Zionists in general, and the Zionist settlers in Hebron, in particular, feel that Old Testament stories represent history and completely disregard the fact that archaeological evidence points in a different direction. They interpret the archaeology in a way that satisfies their greed, their bigotry, and their desire to take the city away from its rightful inhabitants, the Palestinians of Hebron.

These fanatic settlers serve an important role within the larger Zionist takeover of Palestine. The method that Zionists have always used in order to take over land, even before the state of Israel was established, was to send young ideological zealots who are willing to use violence to forcibly take over Palestinian land. Then, they send in the military and claim that the area is a military base or is required for military use. Then the military leaves and invites settlers back to create a permanent settlement.

A portion of Tel Rumeida has already been taken over by settlers, but they will not be content until the entire Hill is in their hands. One man has made it his mission in life to make sure that this does not happen. This man, Issa Amro, was recently convicted by an Israeli military court of a list of charges that read like a textbook of civil disobedience. While he is yet to be sentenced, sentencing is expected to take place on February 8, 2021. There is reason to believe he will be serving time in an Israeli military prison. His only crime is that he dared to stand up to the vicious violence of fanatic Zionist settlers and the Israeli Army which is at their service using the tool of civil disobedience and non-violent resistance.

“I’m going to murder you Issa Amro!”

A couple of years ago I had the opportunity to take a few friends to visit Hebron. We met with Issa and he was kind enough to give us a tour of the city, the city in which he was born and now can only walk along roads in which he, as a non-Jew, is permitted to walk. It just so happens that the house in which he was born has been closed off by the Israeli army and Issa cannot access it.

As we reached a point in the city where non-jews (or rather Palestinians) are not permitted to walk, we saw a soldier standing and next to him a young settler who could not have been more than 14 years old. The boy looked at Issa and said to him in Hebrew, “Issa,  I am going to come and murder you one of these days.” He repeated this statement and then turned to the soldier and they gave each other a high-five. That is the environment in which Issa and hundreds of thousands of Palestinians have to live because of the Zionist occupation of Hebron.

Saving a house in Hebron

Anyone familiar with the Israeli occupation in Palestine and the violence of the settlers and the Israeli military would find the following story impossible and unthinkable, however, Issa Amro was able to pull it off.

One house that was strategically placed on Tel Rumeida, and from which one can see the entire Old City of Hebron, was about to be taken over by settlers. It had gone through the process of the military takeover and was then handed over to settlers. Issa managed to find the Palestinian owner of the house and rent it from him legally. It had cost Issa agony, arrest, detention, endless interrogations, and required the intervention of hundreds of activists from around the world, but in the end, Issa was able to salvage the house from the settlers and establish a center from which he runs one of the most effective grassroots operations in Palestine, Youth Against Settlements (YAS).

Tel Rumeida Hebron
Miko Peled, left, with Issa Amro at YAS Center in Tel-Rumeida, Hebron. Photo | Miko Peled

The work of Issa Amro and Youth Against Settlements includes documenting human rights violations by the army and settlers. Their work also includes organizing creative nonviolent actions, establishing and renovating community spaces such as a community center, kindergarten, woman empowerment center, and the beginnings of a cinema for which Issa may go to jail. Palestinians in Hebron are constantly at risk of forced displacement, and empowering this community in the most vulnerable areas through home repair, protective presence, and distributing charity is a crucial part of the local grassroots activism of Issa and the YAS.

Sentenced for civil disobedience

After a trial that has lasted several years and finally ended late in 2020, a military judge, Lt. Colonel Menahem Lieberman, himself is a religious Zionist settler who emigrated from the United States and has close ties to the settler community in Hebron, found Issa guilty of six out of the 18 counts of which he was charged. The indictment with 18 charges was presented in summer 2016, roughly three weeks after a campaign to establish a cinema in Hebron began.

THE CHARGES – CONVICTED:

  • First count – assaulting a public servant
  • Fifth count – participating in a rally without a permit
  • Eight count – participating in a march without a permit
  • Tenth count – obstructing a soldier
  • Seventeenth count – participating in a march without a permit
  • Eighteenth count – participating in a march without a permit

Between the time that this is published and February 8, at which time the judge will rule regarding sentencing, there is still time to act in order to help Issa Amro.

For information regarding the campaign please visit the Friends of Hebron where you can publish photos of yourself holding a sign in support of Issa, publish a video statement telling why you believe Issa Amro should go free. You can also call or email elected officials and reach out to your community centers, activist groups, local charities, religious organizations, and churches to request they release statements in support of Issa and contact your local elected and unelected officials.

Anyone wanting to help out is also encouraged to reach out to writers, journalists, celebrities, professors, and notable community members and ask them to make public statements or write editorials about the case. Friends of Hebron is also circulating a petition you can sign and send to others.

The risk of losing invaluable historical monuments and forgetting the rich history of Palestine is real. Doing what we can to prevent that is our responsibility as people of conscience for future generations. The first step is to stand with Palestinians like Issa Amro.

WATCH: Armed Jewish Settlers Attack Palestinian Homes in Hebron

December 19, 2020

Armed Jewish settlers, escorted by Israeli soldiers, attack Palestinian homes in Hebron. (Photo: Video Grab)

Dozens of armed Jewish settlers, escorted by Israeli occupation soldiers, attacked today several Palestinian homes after raiding the neighborhood of Tel Rumeida in the city of Hebron (Al-Khalil), according to the Palestinian news agency WAFA.

WAFA correspondent said the illegal Jewish settlers pelted stones at the homes, shouted profanities and racist slogans at Palestinian citizens and threatened to evict them out of the neighborhood.

PCHR: Israeli Human Rights Violations Palestine Report August 27 – September 02, 2020

PCHR

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-faceted violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF wounded 6 Palestinian civilians, including a child in excessive use of force during raids into Palestinian cities and suppression of peaceful protests in the West Bank. IOF also continued its policy of demolishing and destroying Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes.

End of this week, Dawoud Tal’at al-Khatib (48) died inside Ofer Prison due to a heart attack, only four months before his release date. Al-Khatib, from Bethlehem, had been imprisoned by Israel for the past 18 years, and had suffered extremely difficult health conditions during his years in prison, the latest of which was a heart attack in 2017. The determination to continue his detention aggravated his critical health condition, finally dying of a heart attack on 02 September 2020.

The curfew continues in the Gaza Strip for the second week in a row to limit the spread of coronavirus after cases were discovered outside quarantine centers. PCHR fears a catastrophic deterioration in living conditions if the curfew is maintained for a lengthy period without a protection mechanism for the poor, unemployed and limited-income families, as well as daily workers who have lost their sources of income due to the state of emergency and curfew. PCHR warns of the catastrophic implications of coronavirus spread in the Gaza Strip, especially with its already-exhausted health care system due to 14 years of illegal and inhumane blockade and collective punishment policies imposed by IOF on the Gaza Strip.

This week, PCHR documented 151 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: IOF wounded 6 civilians, including a child in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank: 2 civilians, including a child, wounded in Jenin; 1 injury during clashes in Hebron; 2 in IOF suppression of Kufur Qaddoum protest in Qalqilia; and an injury in Bethlehem. IOF assaulted an elderly Palestinian in Tulkarem, dragged on the ground and severely beaten and humiliated in an incident that was documented by media and journalists.wIsraeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

In the Gaza Strip, IOF opened fire 5 times at agricultural lands eastern Khan Younis and Rafah, southern Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 70 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 38 Palestinians were arrested, including 6 children and a journalist. In Gaza, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Rafah, southern Gaza Strip.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 7 violations, including:

Settler-attacks: PCHR documented arson attack on a vehicle and anti-Arab vandalization in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: On Monday, 31 August 2020, Israeli authorities declared the re-opening of Karem Abu Salem Crossing, allowing the re-entry of fuel and construction material into the Gaza Strip.

Israeli authorities also decided to re-expand the fishing area as it was before the recent punitive measures imposed on the Gaza Strip. This came after an understanding had been reached to contain the Israeli escalation in the Gaza Strip, which began on 10 August. During which, Israel imposed punitive measures on Gaza, in alleged response to the launch of incendiary balloons towards Israeli settlements adjacent to the Gaza Strip.

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

For the second consecutive week, curfew is still imposed on the Gaza Strip to contain the outbreak of coronavirus, especially after coronavirus cases were confirmed outside the quarantine centers in the Gaza Strip. As a result, the suffering of Gaza Strip population has increased, PCHR fears a catastrophic deterioration in living conditions if the curfew is maintained for a lengthy period without a protection mechanism for the poor, unemployed and limited-income families, as well as daily workers who have lost their sources of income due to the state of emergency and curfew.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

I. Shooting and Other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity

  • At approximately 02:00 on Thursday, 27 August 2020, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles stormed al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They patrolled the camp streets and stationed in the southern area while soldiers deployed between civilians’ houses in the center of the camp. A number of soldiers raided and searched a 3-storey house that includes 5 apartments for Abu Hashhash family. The soldiers Iyad Mahmoud Ahmed Abu Hashhash (40)’s apartment and attacked him by severely beating him and arrested him. The soldiers also attacked Iyad’s brother Yaqoub (35) and heavily beaten hit his nose, causing its fracture, after they raided his apartment. The soldiers handcuffed Yaqoub and took him to his brother’s apartment and began beating both brothers with their hands, feet and their rifles’ butts. As a result, Iyad and Yaqoub fainted. After IOF’s withdrawal of the house, taking Iyad with them, Yaqoub was transferred to al-Ahli Hospital where received medical treatments as doctors selected an appointment for his nose surgery. When Yaqoub returned home, he found out that Israeli soldiers stole NIS 5,800 that were in his bedroom. It should be noted that Israeli soldiers raided the house a month ago and attacked Yaqoub and broke his nose as he previously underwent a surgery for his nose.
  • At approximately 23:30 on Thursday, 27 August 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Shoka village, east of Rafah, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:30 on Friday, 28 August 2020, a number of Palestinian young men gathered at Bab al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada’a closed street. A number of Israeli soldiers fired sound bombs at the stone-throwers. The young men dispersed in Beir al-Sabe’a and Wadi al-Tuffah areas and returned to the checkpoint and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed behind cement cubes and threw stones at them again. The soldiers fired live bullets at them. As a result, an 18-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in his left knee. The soldiers chased him and arrested him, taking him to the checkpoint. At approximately19:30, a military ambulance arrived at the area and transferred the wounded civilian to the Governmental Hospital in Hebron. His injury was classified as moderate.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Saturday, 29 August 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kufur Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area. Clashed with them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 2 civilians were shot with 2 live bullets in their lower extremities.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Sunday, 03 August 2020, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles stormed al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron and stationed near the UNRWA distribution center. The soldiers patrolled between neighborhoods and threw many leaflets threatening the camp’s residents due to the so-called “violence and riots and continued throwing of stones.” In the meantime, dozens of young men gathered and threw stones at IOF’s infantry units while the latter indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at stone-throwers and between houses. As a result, a number of stone-throwers suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. Clashes between IOF and young men continued until 02:30 when IOF fired a barrage of live bullets in the air to withdraw from the camp. Neither arrests nor house raids were reported.
  • At approximately 02:15 on the same Sunday, IOF stormed Hebron and stationed on al-Malek Faisal street and deployed between houses. They raided and searched Carpentry and furniture factory owned by Taha Abu Suneinah family after opening the door with special tools. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF while the latter indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters. Asa result, a sound bomb fell in the Internal Medicine Department’s room in Aaliyah Governmental Hospital, which adjacent to the incidents area. Patients, as a result of that, patients, who are infected with Covid-19 About 25 patients also suffocated and they were taken to other departments in the hospital. At approximately 04:00 on the same day, IOF withdrew from the area. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 20:30 on Monday, 31 August 2020, IOF signed to guard the annexation wall in the northeast of Faqqua village, northeast of Jenin, opened fire at Mahmoud Taleb Mahmoud Shaheen (18), while he was returning home, which is 200 meters away from the above-mentioned wall. As a result, Shaheen was shot with a live bullet in his right leg and he was transferred to Dr. Khalil Suleiman Hospital in Jenin for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 03:50 on Tuesday, 01 September 2020, IOF stormed al-Saf and al-Mahd streets in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Shadi Mohammed al-Harimi (31) and Touni Asa’ad Qatan (27). In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered near al-Mahd Square and threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at IOF stationed in the area while the latter immediately fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of young men suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF stationed at lands of Shufah and Jbarah villages, southeast of Tulkarem, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased the young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. IOF attacked Khairi Hanoun (64), from Anabta village, east of Tulkarem, by beating him on his feet. They detained him and released him after an hour and half. IOF further attacked many journalists, who were covering the protests, including: Fadi Yaseen, photographer of Palestine TV. Many civilians, in addition, suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 00:20 on Wednesday, 02 September 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of al-Qararah village, adjacent to the border fence.
  • At approximately 04:00, on the same Wednesday, IOF stationed at a military watchtower established in Rachel’s Tomb area, adjacent to Bilal Ben Rabah Mosque, north of Bethlehem, opened fire at a 32-year-old civilian while walking in the area. As a result, he was shot with a live bullet in his foot. He was transferred to Beit Jala Hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 04:15, IOF stormed Ash-Shuhada village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. IOF surrounded a house owned by Ihab Hatem Husein Darwish Asous (27). In the meantime, a number of Palestinian civilians gathered and threw stones at IOF while the latter responded with live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a 16-year-old child was shot with 2 live bullets. He was transferred to Dr. Khalil Suleiman Governmental Hospital for medical treatment. IOF arrested civilian Asous before they withdrew from the village.
  • At approximately 08:30 on the same Wednesday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’a village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.

II. Incursions and Arrests:

Thursday, 27 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Biddu village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ayyoub Mohammed al-Khadour’s (28) house and arrested him. It should be noted that al-Khadour was a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Qutna village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mos’ab Saleem Shamasna’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Jabal Hindaza village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Na’eem Mousa Abu ‘Ahour’s (18) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Abu ‘Ahour was wounded with a live bullet to his leg while present around al-Quds power station near Bilal Bin Rabah Mosque, on the northern entrance of Bethlehem.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into al-‘Arqa village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched Nael Mohammed Yehya’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:10, IOF moved into Rujeib village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Khalil Abdul Khaleq Mohammed Dwaikat’s house, who stabbed an Israeli soldier in Bitah Tikva in Israel on 26 August 2020, to take the measures of the house before the demolition. It should be noted that the Israeli authorities uses the demolition as a collective punishment policy against the Palestinian families.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-‘Abayat village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Omar Khaled Ayyad’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Qarawat Bani Zeid village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Amer Bassam Sneif’s (31) house and arrested him. Later, IOF released him.
  • At approximately 03:50, IOF moved into Beit Loqya village, southwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Najeeb Ahmed Najeeb Mafarja’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:30, IOF moved into Jin Safout village, east of Qalqilia. They raided and searched Karam Khamees Shobaki’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and bulldozers moved 100-meters in al-Shwaika village, east of Rafah, south of the Gaza Strip. They launched from al-Motabaq Gate adjacent to the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel. They combed and leveled lands and redeployed again at approximately 11:00.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Ghassan Alian (55), from Bitir, west of Bethlehem, after referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of the city.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Beit Ammer, Hadab al-Fawwar, Sa’eer villages in Hebron; Faqoua’, southeast of Jenin; Tayaseer, east of Tubas; Karf Ein, northwest of Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 28 August 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Bara’ Abdul Hai Jawabra’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:50, IOF moved into Azun village, east of Qalqilia. They raided and searched Karam Fares Shbaita’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 22:30, IOF arrested 3 civilians while present in al-Wad street in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, after severely beaten them. IOF took them to al-Qishla investigation center in the Old City. The arrestees are: Khaled al-Sokhn (23), Abdullah al-Julani (28), and Mohammed Zein (21).
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Hebron, al-Fawwar refugee camp, and Yatta in Hebron governorate; Yamoun, west of Jenin; Kufur Qaddoum and Hibla, east of Qalqilia. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 29 August 2020:

  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-Bostan street in Obaid neighborhood, west of al-‘Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mo’tasem Hamza Obaid’s (17) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Obaid was arrested 10 days prior and released on house arrest for two weeks.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in al-Samoua’, Hebron, Beit Ammer, and al-Mowreq villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 30 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Nahaleen village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mahmoud Maher Shakarna (17) and handed Hamdan Yousef Fannoun (32) a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in Gush Etzion settlement, south of the city.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Shwaika suburb, east of Tulkarem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Sameer Abdul Qader Mohammed Omar (47), and Sameh Adnan Mohammed Obaid (31), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF set an ambush near Haddad Resort, east of Jenin, north of the West Bank, arrested Yaser Waleed Khuzeima (30), from Qabatya, southeast of Jenin, after stopping and searching his car. IOF took him to an unknown destination and left his car. It should be noted that Khuzeima is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stopped a bus and forced (4) children to get out of it in order to arrest them, in the central Jerusalem, and took them to “al-Bareed” police station in Salah al-Dein street. The arrestees are: Ahmed Dari (17), his sister Noumi (16), Yasmine Qaisiya (16), and Sajeda Abu Roumi (16).
  • Eyewitnesses said that IOF stopped and searched a bus in Nablus street, and checked their ID cards, and forced some of them to get out of the bus claiming that they were not wearing their masks properly. They added that IOF beaten an pushed some of them and arrested (4) students returning from their schools to their houses in al-‘Isawiya. As a result, Qaisiya and Abu Roumi were released on bail, Dari was released after several hours on condition that to be under the house arrest for two days, and banning her entry to Damascus Gate “Bab al-‘Amoud” for 10 days.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Sabastya, northwest of Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 31 August 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli infantry unit moved into Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched Saif al-Dein Mahmoud al-Ja’bari’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mohammed Hilal al-Titi’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Anata village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Mahmoud al-Rifai’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF arrested Khalaf Hussain Obaidallah (26), while present at Kisan village’s entrance, southeast of Bethlehem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta village, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Ameer Farid al-Basti’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:45, a group of Mista‘arvim (Israeli Special Unit disguised as Palestinian civilians) arrested Nizar Issa Obaid (22), from Kufur Qaddoum, east of Qalqilia, while working in al-Natour petrol station in Tulkarem. According to a surveillances camera that documented the incident, a vehicle with a Palestinian registration plate came to the police station, when Obaid came to refill their vehicle, two men got out of the car and arrested him.
  • At approximately 23:00. The Israeli Intelligence Services summonsed 3 members of Fatah Movement in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, for investigation in al-Bareed police station in Salah al-Dein street. Shadi al-Mtawr, Fatah Movement secretary in Jerusalem, said that the Israeli Intelligence Services summonsed Fawzi Sha’ban, Mohammed Abu Sowi, and Ahmed al-‘Abbasi, to investigate them about their presence in a meeting about the demolition of houses in Silwan. IOF released them after several hours on bail (3,000 NIS/each) and with a 3-month ban from attending al-Bostan neighborhood’s sit in in Silwan for 3 months.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Ethna, Surif, and Karma villages in Hebron governorate; and Tulkarem. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 01 September 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Hebron, and stationed at al-Salam street. They raided and searched Ma’moun Hussain al-Natsha’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Dura and al-Samoua’ in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 02 September 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Yatta, south of Hebron, and stationed in Roq’a area. They raided and searched Shadi Bader al-‘Amour’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into al-Fridis village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Jom’a Abu Moheimed’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the house of the Photojournalist, Mohammed Qarout Edkaik’s (27) house, arrested him, and confiscated his equipment, cameras, and many of his files and personal papers.Samer Edakaik, Mohammed’s brother, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF stormed, searched, and confiscated several cameras, wireless device, personal papers, and a laptop belonging to Mohammed. He confirmed that IOF handcuffed his brother and took him to “al-Bareed” police station in Salah al-Dein street.It should be noted that Edkaik is a photojournalist in al-Jazeera channel and many other news agencies, and he is a social media activist, who has thousands of followers.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Hebron, Ethna, Beit Owa, and Deir Samit villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and Settler Violence in the West Bank:

a. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 27 August 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into ‘Arraba village, southwest of Jenin. The military construction vehicles demolished Rami Ahmed Abu Mashaikh’s under-construction bakery, which was built on an area of 170 square meters 3 months ago. It should be noted that 12 days ago, IOF notified to stop working in the bakery as a prelude to demolish it, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C. Also, IOF notified Mostafa ‘Ali Hammad to demolish his carpenter shop for similar reason.
  • On Sunday, 30 August 2020, Khaled Mahmoud Mohammed Basheer implemented Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house in Jabal al-Mokkaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Basheer said that 3 months ago, he built for his son a 50-square-meter house comprised of a room, a kitchen and a bathroom. Basheer clarified that the Israeli municipality staff along with the Ministry of Interior raided his house 2 weeks ago and handed him a demolition notice. Basheer added that he was forced to self-demolish his house to avoid paying demolition costs estimated at NIS 100,000 for the municipality staff. He also said that in 2014, the municipality staff demolished his son Mahmoud’s house in al-Sal’ah neighborhood in Jabal al-Mokkaber village and imposed a fine of NIS 80,000 of him under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • On Monday, 31 August 2020, ‘Odai and ‘Abed al-Salam al-Razem implemented Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished their houses in al-Ashqariyia neighborhood in Beit Hanina village, north of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Abed al-Salam al-Razem said that his family comprised of 6 persons and his brother’s family comprised of 3 persons are living in their 65-square-meter house from 8 years. He clarified that 5 years ago, the municipality staff raided their houses and notified his brother to demolish the houses, in addition to imposing a fine of NIS 40,000 on them. ‘Abed al-Salam added that during the past years, he and his brother attempted to license the houses, but in vain. He also said that the Israeli court issued the final demolition decision against their houses a month ago, and if they would not implement it, the municipality staff will do so and force them to pay the demolition costs estimated at NIS 125,000.
  • At approximately 06:30 on Tuesday, 01 September 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Tuqu village, southeast of Bethlehem, where they ordered Mohammed Fahed Shawareeh to stop construction work in his house and confiscated the construction material. Mayor of Tuqu village, Tayseer Abu Mefreh, said that IOF seized construction materials from Shawareeh’s under-construction house. He added that Shawareeh was handed a cease-construction notice a week ago, under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Wednesday, 02 September 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Masafer area in Yatta, south of Hebron. IOF were deployed between Palestinians’ houses while military construction vehicles demolished 2 tin-plate-houses, under the pretext of non-licensing.

The demolitions were as follows:

Mahmoud ‘Isaa Rab’i: House made of tin plates and bricks, with 16 inhabitants;

Mahmoud ‘Isaa Rab’i: Barracks made of tin plates and bricks, for livestock;

Fadel ‘Isaa Rab’i: House made of tin plates and bricks, with 15 unhabitants.

  • It should be noted that on 23 February 2012, Israeli authorities distributed 2 cease-construction notices to the two house and barrack.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Beren village in eastern Hebron. IOF were deployed between Palestinians’ houses while military construction vehicles demolished Faraj Mohammed Ghaith’s 40-square-meter room built of bricks, under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Deir Dibwan village, east of Ramallah. IOF brought special Israeli workers to dismantle and confiscate 3 residential tents, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C.

The residential tents belong to:

Suliman Mostafa Ka’abnah: dismantling and confiscating a residential tent sheltering his family comprised of 7 persons.

‘Oda ‘Awwad Ka’abnah: dismantling and confiscating a residential tent sheltering 8 persons.

Suliman Salem Ka’abnah: dismantling and confiscating a residential tent sheltering 8 persons.

  • It should be noted that IOF demolished properties belonging to the mentioned civilians for the 2nd time and without a prior warning, noting that these properties were previously demolished on 25 August 2020.

b. Israeli Settler Violence

  • At approximately 02:30 on Friday, 28 August 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Price Tag” group, attacked the southern side of Asira al-Qibliya village, southeast of Nablus. The settlers set Wael Mousa ‘Asayrah’s vehicle ablaze and vandalized his house walls with racist slogans.
Israeli settlers set fire to Palestinian-owned vehicle near Nablus

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (29 July – 12 August 2020)

Weekly Reports – Palestinian Centre for Human Rights

Israeli Violations of Human Rights

29 July – 12 August 2020

  • Palestinian woman killed and 19 civilians, including 2 paramedics, shot and wounded, in IOF excessive use of force:
    • 9 injuries were documented in IOF suppression of Kufuor Qaddoum, Qalqilya protests;
    • 7 injured, including 2 paramedics, in IOF suppression of a protest in Tarmesi’yah; and
    • 2 other injuries in Nablus and Tulkarm.
  • 23 shootings reported at agricultural land; and twice s at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip;
  • In 176 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 160 civilians arrested, including 9 children and 4 women;
  • IOF harden closure restrictions over the Gaza Strip, as its sole commercial crossing is closed, and the fishing area is reduced to 8 nautical miles;
  • IOF warplanes strike Gaza Strip;
  • 11 houses demolished, including 7 self-demolished, in occupied East Jerusalem; multiple demolition and cease-construction notices served in the West Bank;
  • 4 construction vehicles and 3 water pumps confiscated, and agricultural lands confiscated, and others razed in the West Bank;
  • Settler-attacks in the West Bank: 3 siblings, a woman and 2 children, wounded in Hebron and arsenal attacks on 2 vehicles in Qalqilya;
  • IOF established 57 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 15 Palestinians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. IOF did not restrict its attacks during the days Palestinian Muslims celebrated Eid al-Adha holiday. During the reporting period, IOF killed a Palestinian woman and wounded 19 others across the West Bank. PCHR asserts that IOF used lethal force when they withdrew from the area without the presence of any threat or danger to soldiers’ lives. This falls within the shoot first and justify later policy that IOF have consistently implemented against Palestinian civilians. Furthermore, IOF warplanes launched several airstrikes against the Gaza Strip, while they mainly bombarded agricultural lands that did not render human loss, the airstrikes terrorized and frightened the civilian population in targeted areas.

Ever since announcing its plans to annex West Bank territories, including occupied East Jerusalem, IOF has continued systematic demolitions and land razing, establishing roads for settlements in an accelerated manner. The past two weeks witnessed widescale demolitions of houses and agricultural lands in the West Bank.

This week, PCHR documented 303 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, including closure of certain territories, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information documented in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: On 07 August 2020, IOF killed Dalia Ahmed Suliman Stiti (24) with a live bullet that hit her chest as she was shutting her window in Jenin, northern West Bank. Furthermore, IOF shot and wounded 19 Palestinians: 9 injured in excessive use of force against the weekly peaceful protest in Kufuor Qaddoum in Qalqilya; 7 others in IOF suppression of a protest in Tarmesi’yah, northern Ramallah, including 2 paramedics. Two others were wounded in separate incidents: a Palestinian was shot and wounded as IOF shot him directly before his arrest in Nablus; and another was shot during a shooting near the Annexation Wall in Tulkarm.

In Gaza, IOF opened fire at agricultural lands 23 times and twice at fishing boats in eastern ang western Gaza Strip. IOF warplanes also launched several airstrikes on the Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 176 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 160 Palestinians were arrested, including 9 children and 4 women. IOF also conducted two limited incursions into eastern Khan Younis and northern Gaza Strip.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 33 violations, including:

  • East Jerusalem: agricultural room demolished, as well as 11 houses, including 7 self-demolished;
  • Bethlehem: cease-construction notices served to 2 houses and 100 olive tree seedlings uprooted;
  • Hebron: demolition of a wall and a 100 sqm floor; also, a tin-plated brick home demolished; 3 water pumps confiscated; military watchtower established on Palestinian civilians’ lands; tent and barn demolished;
  • Northern Valley: 2 tractors confiscated; and demolition notices served to several houses and facilities;
  • Jenin: 9 cease-construction and demolition notices served to over 200 years old buildings and caves; and other facilities, new housing buildings and water tanks;
  • Salfit: 15 dunums of agricultural lands owned by Palestinians confiscated; and 18 cease-construction notices served to 7 houses, including 3 under-construction, an agricultural room, a plastic house and land rehabilitation;
  • Ramallah: excavator confiscated in eastern Ramallah; two agricultural facilities demolished;
  • Tubas: excavator confiscated;
  • Jericho: approximately 100 palm tree seedlings razed and uprooted;
  • Kisan village: over 200 dunums of the village’s lands confiscated;
  • Qalqilya: agricultural lands razed as prelude to their confiscation in Kafr Thulth village, eastern Qalqilya.

PCHR also documented 4 settler attacks: 10 sheep dead in Ramallah; 3 siblings, a woman and 2 children, wounded and bruised in settlers’ attack on Tel Rumeida neighbourhood in central Hebron; 2 cars set on fire and a vehicle assaulted and its windshield broken in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

On Monday, 10 August 2020, Israeli authorities  announced the closure of Karm Abu Salem crossing starting from Tuesday, 11 August 2020 and until further notice, except for the transportation of goods for vital humanitarian cases and fuel. According to Israeli Coordinator of Government Activities in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, the decision was taken “in response to the launch of incendiary balloons and breaching security calm.” On Wednesday evening, 12 August 2020, IOF announced reducing the Gaza Strip’s fishing area from 15 to 8 nautical miles.

This decision falls under the framework of the complete, illegal and unhumanitarian closure policy imposed by the Israeli authorities on the Gaza Strip since June 2007, as the  Gaza Strip crossings have witnessed tightened restrictions on the movement of goods and persons.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 09:30 on Wednesday, 29 July 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence , east of al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. The shooting continued sporadically for 15 minutes. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 30 July 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed  along the border fence, northeast of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 31 July 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established on lands of Kafer Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased Palestinian young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, 7 civilians were shot with rubber bullets throughout their bodies.
  • At approximately 00:10 on Sunday, 02 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of al-Qararah village, adjacent to the border fence. The shooting recurred twice at 16:20 and 21:20 on the same day, east of Khuza’ah village. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:20 on Monday 03 August 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed adjacent to Khan Younis shore, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area. Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and ad to sail back to the shore, fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • After 20 minutes, an Israeli military warplane launched 2 missiles at an agricultural land in al-Qrarah village, northeast of Khan Younis. The attack caused a large hole in the land. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 02:20 on the same Monday, IOF stormed al-‘Aqrabaniyah village, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They surrounded Abdul Rahman Husni Husein Jbarah’s (23) house. Jbarah managed to leave the house before IOF, who claim that he is wanted for them,  raided it. IOF chased Jbarah, who was about 400 meters away from the house. They took over a civilian vehicle, and opened fire at him, wounding him while he was at the vehicle’s back chair. IOF  arrested Jbarah, who was wounded and bleeding from his face, taking him to an unknown destination, the vehicle’s windshield was shattered after the shooting, causing wounds to its driver, Abdullah Ammar “Mohammed Basem” al-Sha’ar (20), and his cousin Ezz Eden Amed “Mohammed Basem” al-Sha’ar (17), who was accompanying him, with minor wounds. IOF  arrested Abdullah and Ezz Eden al-Sha’ar and took them to a military camp, adjacent to al-Hamrah checkpoint. Al-Sha’ar civilians were interrogated about their relationships of Jbarah. IOF released al-Sha’ar civilians at 07:00 on the same day morning after ensuring that there is no relationship between them and Jbarah. Jbarah was wounded in his face and is health condition is serious. Jbarah was transferred to New Rehabilitation Hospital Tel HaShomer.
  • At approximately 23:30 on the same Monday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence.
  • At approximately 04:00 on Tuesday, 04 August 2020, a large Israeli military force stormed Aqabet Jaber refugee camp, southwest of Jericho in the center of the West Bank. A number of Palestinian young men gathered in the vicinity of the camp and threw stones at Israeli soldiers while the later responded with a barrage of rubber bullets, sound bombs, and tear gas canisters. As a result, 2 civilias were shot with rubber bullets in their lower extremities. They were transferred to Jericho Hospital in the city for medical treatment. In the meantime, Israeli soldiers raided and searched several houses and arrested Ali Mohammed Raslan (26) and Ayman Hekmat al-Ewadat (57). In the evening hours, IOF released al-Ewadat.
  • At approximately 16:15 on the same Tuesday IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:40 on Wednesday, 05 August 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at a group of Palestinian farmers. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:45 on the same Wednesday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. The shooting recurred in the same area at 21:00 on the same day evening. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 06 August 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Gaza Valley (Juhor al-Deek), south of Gaza City, opened fire at agricultural lands. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 19:30 on the same Thursday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village. No casualties were reported.
  • In the early dawn hours on Friday, 07 August 2020, a Palestinian woman was killed by Israeli occupation forces (IOF) after being shot with a live bullet in her chest while closing the window in her house in Jenin, northern West Bank. The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) points out that IOF used lethal force when they withdrew from the area without the presence of any threat or danger to soldiers’ lives. This falls within the shoot first and justify later policy that IOF have consistently implemented against Palestinian civilians.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 02:30 on Friday, IOF moved into al-Jabriyat neighborhood, southwest of Jenin, northern West Bank. They surrounded Khaled Suliman Abu Hasan’s house near al-Riyad School. IOF interrogated Abu Hasan inside his house until 04:00.  Five minutes later, while Israeli military vehicles were preparing to withdraw, IOF fired a sound bomb and several live bullets at Bassam Samodi’s 3-storey house. As a result, Samodi’s wife, Dalia Ahmed Suliman Stiti (24), was injured and shot with a live bullet in her chest, penetrating her liver, pancreas, and aorta.  Stiti’s family said to PCHR’s fieldworker that their daughter Dalia, a mother of two (9-month, 2 years), woke up after hearing IOF’s incursion into the village. She headed towards the living room’s window to close it after IOF fired a sound bomb. In the meantime, IOF stationed on the street, 50 meters away from Stiti’s house, opened fire at her on her 3rd floor apartment, wounding her in the chest. Stiti walked several steps and then fell to the living room floor in a pool of her blood. The Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS)’s crew, who were in the area to rescue the injuries, immediately arrived at the house and took Stiti to Dr. Khalil Suliman Hospital. Stiti was admitted to Intensive Care Unit (ICU), due to her critical health condition and she was pronounced dead at 14:30.

Ayman Mohammed Abu Qabilah (31), the ambulance diver who transferred Stiti, said that he heard a sound of a bomb explosion followed by 4 live bullets from the area where IOF stationed, 50 meters away from where he was present in front of Smoudi family’s house. After that Qabilah felt that the ambulance was targeted. In the meantime, he heard the residents screaming they had an injury in the house, so he rushed to the house along with other paramedics to find out that the injured civilian was Dalia Stiti and her injury was serious. The ambulance was also targeted with 2 live bullets; one of them penetrated from the left side to the paramedic’s chair; while the other bullet penetrated the driver’s chair.

  • At approximately 07:50 on Friday, 07 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of al-Qararah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on the same Friday, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established on lands of Kafer Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in his thigh.
  • At approximately 13:30 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00 on the same Friday, IOF suppressed a peaceful in Tarmesi’yah village, northeast of Ramallah in the center of the West Bank. The protest took off from the center of the village into its main entrance in protest against the Israeli settlement expansion in the area. IOF used excessive force injuring 7 civilians, including 2 paramedics:
  1. Hamzah Mohammed Ma’ali (27), paramedic at Al-Asmar Emergency Medical Service, was hit with a tear gas canister in his face.
  2. Mohammed Malash (29), paramedic at the Palestinian Medical Relief Society, was shot with a rubber bullet in his foot and a tear gas canister in his face. Other civilians sustained rubber bullets in their lower extremities.
  • At approximately 08:40 on Saturday, 08 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of al-Fukhari, adjacent to the border fence. The shooting recurred at 17:30 in eastern Abasan village, east of Khan Younis. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00 on the same Saturday, 08 August 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafer Qaddoum village, north of Qalqiliyah, suppressed a peaceful protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 44-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in his back and a 22-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in his thigh.
  • At approximately 19:05, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and sporadically opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (at 3 nautical miles) and pumped water at them. Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:25 on Sunday, 09 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, adjacent to Buret Abu Samrah, north of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands adjacent to the border fence. As a result, Palestinian farmers panicked and had to leave their lands fearing for their lives. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 08:00 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:20 on the same Sunday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:50 on the same Sunday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands for 15 minutes. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on Monday, 10 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on Tuesday, 11 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah and al-Fukhari villages, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:30 on the same Tuesday, IOF stationed at the annexation wall gates established on lands of Faroun village, south of Tulkarm, fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians, who attempted to pass through the gate. As a result, a 24-year-old civilian, from Qifin village, north of Tulkarm, was shot with a rubber bullet in his right hand.
  • At approximately 18:15 on Wednesday, 12 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at the border area, adjacent to the border fence. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  1. Incursions and arrests:

Wednesday, 29 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and arrested two civilians: Saleh Ayed al-Rajabi (33) and Nabeeh Nabil al-Sharbati (28).
  • At approximately 01:50, IOF moved into ‘Aseera al-Shamaleya village, north of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Hamza Abdullah Mohammed Yasine (26).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Talouza, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested three civilians; Fares Rasheed Hashayka (24), Mohammed Emad Hanajera (23), and Nabeel Kamel Dababseh (45).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Dheisheh refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Murad Khaled al-Hayek (28) and Ahmed Salah al-Sar’awi (26) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into ‘Anata village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Khaleel Ahmed Hilwa and Mohammed Hasan Hilwa, and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Kherbet Makhoul village in the northern valleys, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abdul Raheem Bsharat (55), and his son Sakher (25).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Tulkarm refugee camp, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Ahmed Hasan Matrouk’s (48) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Nour Shams refugee camp, in Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mahmoud Ahmed al-Izza’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Wadi al-Joz neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hanadi Mohammed al-Halawani’s (41) house and arrested her. After a few hours, IOF released her on condition of paying (1,000 NIS), and banning her entry to the occupied East Jerusalem for 3 weeks. It should be noted that al-Halawani is a former prisoner and she is a teacher who was banned from entering the Aqsa Mosque several times.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Saf street, in the Central Bethlehem. They raided and searched Salah Awwad Jawarish’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:10, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians; Basem Ghassan al-‘Ataba (33), Alaa Mohammed al-Shubairy (36), Mo’ath Ahmed Mousa (29), Alaa (Mohammed Eyad) Fatayer (22), and Abbas Sulaiman (Mohammed kamal) Fatayer (37).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Askar refugee camp, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Asem Anan Fawzi Bushkar (17), and his brother Isalm (21).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Jabal Hendaza area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Hasan Nawawera (30), and Salah Yousef al-‘Abayat (26), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 06:35, IOF reinforced with several military bulldozers, moved 100-meters to the east of ‘Abasan village, east of Khan Younis. They leveled and combed lands along the border fence before they redeployed.
  • At approximately 06:50, IOF stationed at Beit Fouriq military checkpoint, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested Foad Fawwaz Fawzi Hanani (25), from the village. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 09:10, IOF stationed at ‘Awarta military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested Khaled Jamal Abu al-So’oud (17). IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • In the morning hours, IOF stationed at Salem military court’s gate, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank, arrested Muhanna Khaled al-Sharqaqi (44), from al-Zababeda village, northeast of Jenin. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 14:20, IOF moved into Kherbat al-Hadedeya in the northern valleys, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ashraf Husain Busharat (40).
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Abu Mish’al neighborhood, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched three houses and arrested three civilians before they released them after three hours. The arrestees are: Mohammed Abdul Hafiz Zahran (23), Husain Hasan Zahran (26), and Samhan Abdul Salam Zahran (24).
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Rujeib village, southeast of Nablus; Dura and al-Thahereya, in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Thursday, 30 July 2020:

  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Rujeib village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Dawoud Akram Rawajba (44).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Isalem Majdi Qadah (17).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into ‘Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mus’ab Mohammed Kawamla’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Waleed Jamal ‘Aseeda (23) and Mahmoud Musatafa ‘Aseeda (29).
  • At approximately 03:05, IOF moved into Salim village, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mus’ab ‘Akef Shtayyeh (25) and Obaida Kamal Jabbour (28).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Khaled Ali Swailem (22) and Abdul Haq Mazen Khadraj (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Salfit. They raided and searched Abdul Rahim Tayseer Shaheen’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF arrested two of the Aqsa Mosque’s guards, Mohannad al-Ansari (38) and Mohammad Zughaiar (32), while on duty at the mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took them to al-Qishla police station in the city and released them after several hours on condition of banning their entry to the mosque for a week.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Jet village, northeast of Qalqilya, and arrested Mus’ab Mousa Mir’ai (22), from Qarawat Bani Hasan, west of Salfit.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Silat ad-Dhahr and Zububa villages in Jenin governorate, Hebron and Yatta in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 31 July 2020:

  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in al-Thaheriya, al-Samoua’, and Deir Sammit villages in Hebron governorate, and Az-Zawiya village, west of Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 01 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Omar Maher Obaid’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Rummana, Zububa and Ya’bad villages in Jenin governorate, Sa’eer, Mowreq, and Sourif in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 02 August 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Omar Yaser Shwaiky’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:50, IOF moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested three children; Islam Kamel Abu Shamala (17), Ahmed Yousef Abu Bakr (17), and Nabeel Na’el Abu Baker (17).
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Sameer Najeeb (26) while present in al-Wad neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods, and took him to al-Qishla police station. IOF released him after several hours on condition that banning his entry to the Aqsa Mosque for 6 months.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF moved into al-Fureidis village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Hazem Hashem Abu Muhaimed’s house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Zububa village, west of Jenin; Sa’eer, Nouba, al-Hadab, and al-‘Aroub refugee camp in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 03 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Bassam Alian (22) and Faisal Loay Obaid (19) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Batn al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Adam Qara’een’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Aseera al-Shamaleya, north of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians and released them after several hours. The arrestees are: Abdul Aziz Amer Rawajeba (22), Fares Bassam al-Shouly (30), Ja’far Omar Rawajeba (26), and Oqba Fayez al-Shouly (28).
  • At approximately 11:50, IOF stationed at bypass road, northeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank, arrested Mo’tasem Husni Abu Hanana (34), from Arana village. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Hussam Hasan Abu Husain, from Hebron, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed at Shu’fat refugee camp checkpoint, arrested Ahmed Abu Salah and Mohammed Abu Zaki, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into al-Wad neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Zakareya al-Bakri’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Sa’eer, Nouba, al-Hadab, and al-‘Aroub refugee camp in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 04 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Kathem Monther Obaid’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Rasheed Ali Awad’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Nafisa Mohammed Khwais (68), while present in the Aqsa Mosque’s yard in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took her to “Bab al-Asbat” police station.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Ourif village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Yousef Omar Shehada (35) and Mohannad Faleh Shehada (26).
  • At approximately 02:40, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched Fadi Omar Abu Snaina’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:45, IOF moved into al-Zababeda village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ameer Issam al-Sharkawi (21).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Jinan neighborhood, in the Central al-Beira, north of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Faraj Ali al-Qadi’s house and arrested her daughter Tasnim (28). IOF also handed him a summons to let his son, Mustafa (20), refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in Ofer detention.
  • At approximately 15:50, IOF stationed at “Mevo Dotan” military checkpoint, west of ‘Arraba, southwest of Jenin, arrested Montaser Ahmed Samadi (24), from Qabatiya, southeast of the city. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-Izareya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Alaa Ayman al-Sharbati’s (29) store and arrested him. It should be noted that Alaa is Ayman al-Sharbati’s son who is sentenced to life.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF arrested Mustafa Faraj al-Qadi (20), while referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services in Ofer detention, in Bitounya, west of Ramallah.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Deir Samit and Sourif in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 05 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Ahmed Mohammed Abu Amro (20), Salim Ali Mouh (23) and Bilal Ra’ed Sidr (22).
  • At approximately 01:45, IOF moved into Kafr Qalil, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians: Mohannad Ali Qanni (28), Khaled Na’eem Qanni (34), Ali Yehya Qanni (25), and Sharif Bassam Mansour (30).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Daheya neighborhood, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Aziz Omar Dwaikat (36).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Hasan Ahmed Hijja’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and arrested three civilians: Jehad Isma’el al-Najjar (24), Mohammed Faisal al-Najjar (25), and Mo’ath Yousef al-Najjar (23).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Abu Fraiha neighborhood in Beit Sahour. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Tareq Mousa al-‘Abayat (35) and Mohammed Ibarhim al-‘Abayat (40) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Deir al-Hatab, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Oday Ra’ouf Hussain (28).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Sinjil village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hisham Adel Fuqaha (27) and Yasin Ibrahim Fuqaha (23) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Yazan Ahmed Ba’jawi (23), a student at al-Najah National University in Nablus.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Izza refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Abdul Fattah Shu’aib Abu Shu’aira’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30. IOF moved into Tubas, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Hakim Khaleel Fuqaha (28), from his house near al-Furqan Mosque, north of the city. It should be noted that Hakim is a person with disable.
  • At approximately 04:50, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Jalazon refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Tahreer Mahmoud Zeid (24) and Reyad Ramadan Alian (29).
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF summonsed the teacher Hanadi Mohammed al-Halawani (41), who is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons, via a phone call to immediately refer to al-Qishla investigation center in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. As soon as she arrived, she was handed a decision that banning her travel abroad for 4 more months.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF stationed at al-Mahkama military checkpoint, near “Beit Eil” settlement, north of al-Beira, arrested Bashar Mohammed Safi (22), from Ramallah. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested the student Mohammed Ali al-Takrouri (22), Chairman of the Student Union at al-Quds Open University, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF stationed at Beit Fourik military checkpoint, on the northeastern entrance of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested three civilians from Balata refugee camp, east of the city, and took them to unknown destinations. The arrestees are: Adham Eyad Mustafa (22), Ameed Zeyad Mustafa (19), and Mohammed Ramadan Mustafa (20).
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Kafr Qaddoum, northeast of Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Thursday, 06 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Mohammed Izz al-Dein Teilekh (16) and Yousef Osama al-‘Anati (17).
  • At approximately 01:40, IOF moved into Izbat al-Ashkar village, south of Qalqilya. They raided and searched Anwar Fares Nimir’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Samoua’ village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Saleh Isma’el al-Badareen’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Sa’eer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Qutaiba Idris Jaradat’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Ein Arik village, west of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Wasfi Nafiz Zeita’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Masakn al-Sha’beya neighborhood, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Najeh Samara’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Ahmed Taleb Haj Mohammed’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beit Loqya village, west of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Mo’tasem Ali Dar Assi’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Beit Sira village, west of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Owda Mohammed al-Haj’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:40, IOF moved into Beit Ur al-Tahta village, west of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Saad Asaad Dar Mousa’s (34) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Rayan Emran Alqam (22) and Mohammed Ismael ‘Anati (17), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into butchery shop in Dowar al-Daheya neighborhood in Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the shop and arrested the son of the shop owner, al-Miqdad Eisa Qirsh. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

Friday, 07 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:40, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched Omar Saleh Nayef Abu al-Rab’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Naser Mahfouz’s (10) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Hindaza area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohmmed Ateya Soboh’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Kamal Issa Dababesa’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Faqou’a village, northeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Ameer Monther Massad’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Dheesha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Hamza Bilal al-Dibis’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Wadi Qana village, to the west of Deir Estia village, north of Salfit. They raided the village and arrested Yousef Ahmed Ridwan (27), from Azoun village, east of Qalqilya, while he was on a hiking trip.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Ethna, Sourif, Nouba, and Karma villages. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 08 August 2020:

  • IOF carried out an incursion in al-Jarousheya village, north of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 09 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Kherbet Um al-Kheir, to the east of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Eid Yamen al-Hathalin’s (74) house and took him to Karmi’el settlement and released him after two hours.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hizma village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Laith Malek Subaih’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Faqou’a village, northeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested three civilian who were arrested before. The arrestees are: Sayaf Khaleel Massad (34), Melad Fo’ad Massad (48), and Mohammed Jamal Arram (35).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beitillu village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Naser Mohammed Abu Zeyada’s (47) house, the chairman of the village council, and arrested him. IOF released him after several hours.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Samoua’ village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Yousef Mohammed Mahaiq’s house and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:50, IOF moved into al-Janeya village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ashraf Mohammed Mazloum’s (43) house and arrested him. After three hours, IOF released him.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in al-Thahereya and Tarqoumya. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 10 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians including a child. The arrestees are: Alaa Ahmed Dirbas (18), Fares Yaser Darwish (19), Tayseer Yousef Muhaisen (16), and Mohammed Nidal Abu Akar (20).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Ein al-Sultan refugee camp, northwest of Jericho governorate. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ya’qoub Abu Lawi (26) and Ehab al-Kalouni (28) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Daheyat al-Salam in Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Omar al-‘Anati’s (23) house and arrested him.

Tuesday, 11 August 2020:

  • At approximately 00:15, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Deir Sharaf village, west of Nablus, arrested Ali Abu Sitta (26), from Bal’a village, north of Tulkarm. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Yatta village, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Faisal Mohammed al-Najjar’s (45) house and arrested him along with his wife, Maha al-Najjar (38) and his two sons; Mohammed (20), and Mousa (19).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Qalqilya village. They raided and searched Ammar Yousef Dwaikat’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Halhoul, Hebron, and Nouba in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 12 August 2020:

  • At approximately 00:15, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, south of Nablus, arrested Firas Abdul Khaleq (33), from Deir al-Ghossoun village, north of Tulkarm. IOF took him to an unknown destination before they released him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Qafin village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Emad Ibrahim To’ma’s (48) house and arrested him. It should be noted that To’ma is the General Director of the Ministry of Prisoners and Executives Affairs in Tulkarm, and he is a former prisoner who spent 12-years in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Duha village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ahmed Abdul Hadi Shamroukh’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Qafin village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Mustafa Yousef To’ma’s (40) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Nour Shams refugee camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Fathi Qar’awi’s house, the deputy in the dissolved Legislative Council. IOF directly threatened him and his sons of arrest if they contacted with external authorities. No arrests were reported.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Deir al-Ghossoun village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Abdul Rahman Zeidan’s house, the deputy in the dissolved Legislative Council. IOF directly threatened him of arrest if he contacted with external authorities. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 08:45, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles to the north of Bouret Abu Samra area, north of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, and moved 100-meters to the south of the border fence. They leveled and combed lands that were previously leveled amidst Israeli sporadic shooting, which caused fear and panic among farmers. At approximately 10:30, IOF withdrew; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Ali al-Kaswani’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF detained dozens of civilians after passing through a gate in the annexation wall established at Daheyat Shwaika village, in Tulkarm. IOF closed the gate and prevented civilians from entering it and released them later.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF arrested Ahmed Tawfiq Fuqaha (31), from ‘Anabta village, north of Tulkarm, while heading to the Israeli Intelligence Services’ headquarter.
  • Around the same time, IOF arrested two female farmers behind the annexation wall established on al-Zaweya village, west of Salfit, and banned them from returning to their houses by closing the gate. The arrestees are: Hamda Shuqair (79) and Jazila Shuqair (77). IOF released them later.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbeya village, north of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians. The arrestees are: Azmi Sufian Shraiteh (24), Mousa Hasan Ladadwa (22), Mohammed Akram Ladadwa (26), and his brother Saif (19).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Silwad, northeast of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Jalal Ra’ed Abdul Mo’ez (26) and Abdul Aziz Ahmed Soboh (23) and arrested them.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tulkarm, Dura, and Imreish villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • At approximately 10:00 on Wednesday, 29 July 2020, IOF accompanied with military vehicles moved into Fraseen village, southwest of Jenin, where they distributed 9 cease-construction and demolition notices to old houses, caves and facilities built 200 years ago, in addition to new residential houses and water tanks. IOF ordered to implement the notices within few days. The distributed notices were as follows:
  • Khaled Mohammed ‘Amarnah’s 50 -square-meter room built of bricks and roofed with tin plates, 15- square-meter store and wood columns, in addition to handing him cease-construction notices to a chicken coop and sheep barrack.
  • ‘Emad Mahmoud ‘Amarnah’s 60-square-meter residential room built of bricks.
  • Mahmoud Ahmed ‘Amarnah’s 80- square-meter residential room built of bricks.
  • Wajdi Mohammed ‘Amarnah’s 60-square-meter residential room built of bricks.
  • Mohammed Jameel Hersha’s water tank that feeds the village.
  • Basel Fayiz ‘Amarnah’s 30-square-meter residential room, chicken coop, wood columns, 80-sqaure-meter sheep barrack, and 60-square-meter residential room.
  • Ahmed Mahmoud ‘Amarnah’s 150-square-meter cave.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Wednesday, 29 July 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Istiboul area in Yatta city, south of Hebron. IOF were deployed in the area while military construction vehicles demolished ‘Adnan ‘Imran Abu Isninah’s walls surrounded his 10 dunums, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. It should be noted that Israeli authorities handed Isninah a 96-hour demolition notice No. (1779), so there is not enough time to challenge before competent Israeli authorities.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stationed on settlement road (90), which is adjacent to al-Zabidat village, north of Jericho, confiscated 2 diggers and prevented their owners from plowing their agricultural land. The confiscated diggers belong to Mohammed ‘Ali Mohammed Zobidat and Ahmed Mohammed Farhan Zobidat.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Beit ‘Awaa village, southwest of Hebron. IOF were deployed in the area while the military construction vehicles demolished foundations of a 100-square-meter house belonging to Mo’ath Hafiz Salem al-Sowati (22), under the pretext of non-licensing. It should be noted that Israeli authorities handed al-Sowati a 96-hour demolition notice No. (1779). Al- Sowati’s house is located 200 square meters away from the annexation wall.
  • At approximately 20:00 on Wednesday, 29 July 2020, IOF moved into Rafat village, west of Salfit, where they distributed a military order to confiscate 15 dunums from Hariqat al-Hamyanah area, under the pretext of being in Area C. These dunums belong to Basem Sebti ‘Ayyash, Nasheet Sebti ‘Ayyash, ‘Abed al-Latif Sati ‘Ayyash, and ‘Amirah Sati ‘Ayyash. Nasheet Sebti ‘Ayyash said that: “ I have been working in this agricultural land (30 dunums) for 20 years and it belongs to me and my brothers. I planted it with olive trees years ago. The land is far from the annexation wall and it was the first time that Israeli authorities notified us, claiming that this land is a state-owned land. The Israeli allegations are not true, as I never had to stop planting or rehabilitating my land. The Israeli notice gave us 45 days to challenge before the competent Israeli authorities.”
  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 30 July 2020, IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Sahal area, which is adjacent to al-Moghair village. IOF confiscated Mohammed Naji al-Na’san’s digger while conducting excavation works in the area, under the pretext of illegal work in Area C.
  • At approximately 10:30 on Saturday, 01 August 2020, IOF moved into Kherbet ‘Atouf, southeast of Tubas, where they confiscated Za’ir Mostafa Bsharat’s digger while he was excavating a water line for the villagers.
  • At approximately 09:20 on Sunday, 02 August 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Kafur al-Deek village in western Salfit, where they distributed 9 cease-construction notices to 7 houses; 3 of them are under-construction, an agricultural room, and a greenhouse, under the pretext of being in Area C. The notified houses and properties belong to Islam ‘Abed al-Ghani, Ibrahim Naji, Hadi Naji, Ibrahim Taha, Tamer Taha, Naji Taha, Mahmoud Naji, Husam al-Deek, and Feras al-Deek. It should be noted that Israeli authorities gave them mentioned civilians until 11 August 2020 to challenge against the notices.
  • At approximately 09:40, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Khirbet ar-Ras al Ahmar in northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas, where they distributed demolition notices to houses, barracks and farms belonging to Mohammed ‘Issa Jahaleen, Jameel Suliman Bani ‘Odah and Saier Saqer Bani ‘Odah.
  • On Monday, 03 August 2020, Israeli authorities seized at least 200 dunums from Kisan village lands, east of Bethlehem. They also notified Hussain ‘Abdullah ‘Abiyat to demolish his barrack. Ahmed Ghazal, Head of the village council, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF moved into al-Tina area, south of the village, and denied civilians’ access to their lands, under the pretext of confiscating the lands for military purposes. Also, IOF notified ‘Abiyat to demolish his livestock barrack and gave him 24 hours to leave, or he will be arrested and prosecuted.
  • On the same day, Eyad Abu Subeih implemented the Israeli Municipality order and self-demolished his house located in ‘Ein al-Jowizah neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Abu Subeih said that the Israeli Court issued a final demolition decision against his 110-square-meter house built 3 years ago and sheltered 10 persons. Abu Subeih clarified that last month, IOF raided and attacked his house several times, but the lawyer managed to delay the demolition decision.
  • At approximately 13:20 on 04 August 2020, IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Dir Balout village, west of Salfit, where they distributed 9 notices to uproot olive trees belonging to 8 families, under the pretext of being in Area C. In addition, IOF distributed another notice to stop reclaiming a plot of land in Ta’mor area. The notified lands belong to the heirs of: ‘Issa Hasan ‘Issa, ‘Abdullah Musa and Dar Damara.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Wednesday, 05 August 2020, Israeli bulldozers demolished 3 residential houses in ‘Ain al-Louza neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Khaled Abu Tayieh, Chairman of Silwan Land Defense Committee, said that Israeli municipality staff along with special Israeli forces and police officers moved into in ‘Ain al-Louza neighborhood, where they closed all entrances and stationed on streets. IOF then surrounded 3 houses belonging to al-Qaq and ‘Amro families and demolished them. Abu Tayieh clarified that Israeli bulldozers demolished Samer and Suliman al-Qaq’s 250-square-meter houses sheltering 10 persons; most of them are children. He added that regarding Shareef ‘Amro’s 50-square-meter house, which was built in 2000, Israeli authorities issued a demolition decision against ‘Amro’s house in 2010, but the demolition was delayed with paying a fine of NIS 5000. Ten days earlier, ‘Amro was informed about the final demolition decision.
  • In the morning, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Kherbet ‘Allan in al-Shofa area, north of al-Jeftlik village, north of Jericho. IOF were deployed in al-Kherba while the military construction vehicles uprooted at least Anwar Abu Joda’s 100 palm seedlings planted 2-4 years ago.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into al-‘Issaweya village, adjacent to al-Za’eem village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. IOF demolished 2 agricultural rooms built of bricks and tin plates and other sheds placed in agricultural lands. The agricultural rooms and sheds belong to ‘Obaid and Abu Jum’a families. Mohammed Abu al-Humus, Member of al-‘Issawiyia Follow-up Committee, said that IOF along with Beit Eill Municipality’s staff moved into agricultural lands reclaimed by Murad Anwar ‘Obaid and Mohammed ‘Ataa ‘Obaid, demolished sheds and a fence surrounding the lands, and leveled the lands. Abu al-Humus added that Israeli bulldozers also demolished 2 agricultural room belonging to ‘Obaid and Abu Jum’a families and confiscated agricultural tools. Abu al-Humus pointed out that these agricultural lands are threatened to be confiscated in favor of the settlement project “E1”.
  • On the same day, IOF accompanied with military construction vehicles moved into Rantees village, northwest of Ramallah, where they demolished agricultural facilities, under the pretext of non-licensing. The demolished facilities were as follows:
  1. Mostafa Jamal Hosha’s 60-square-meter agricultural facility built of bricks and wood, roofed with tin plates and used for planting vegetables and fruits.
  2. Mo’ath ‘Ayed al-Khatib’s 80-square-meter agricultural facility built of bricks and wood, roofed with tin plates and used for planting vegetables and fruits.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 06 August 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Wad Jehish area, west of Sosiya village, south of Yatta in southern Hebron. IOF were deployed in the area while the military construction vehicles demolished Hisham Khalil Nawaj’ah’s 40-square-meter house built of bricks and tin plates, under the pretext of non-licensing. It should be noted that in June 2020, Israeli authorities handed Nawaj’aj a demolition notice, but he could not delay the demolition due to the closure of Israeli institution under the pretext of the outbreak of coronavirus.
  • On Friday, 07 August 2020, IOF distributed 2 cease-construction notices to inhabited houses in al-Minyia village, southeast of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Head of al-Minyia village council, Zayed Kawazbah, said that the notified 150-square-meter houses sheltering 14 persons belong to ‘Asaf and ‘Issa ‘Adel al-Faroukh.
  • On Friday, Nihad Subeih Shoqirat implemented the Israeli municipality decision and self-demolished his 2-storey house in al-Sal’a neighborhood in al-Mukaber Mount area, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Shoqirat said that he started to build his house in 2012 and he lived in it last year. During this period, he attempted to license the house, but the municipality refused and issued a demolition notice against it. Shoqirat clarified that during the past years, he managed to delay and freeze the demolition several times, but in July 2019 the municipality refused to delay the demolition. In April 2020, the Israeli municipality held another hearing, stressed the demolition against Shoqirat’s house and imposed a fine of NIS 145,000 on him. Shoqirat added that on 07 July 2020, he headed to the Israeli District Court to appeal the demolition decision, but in vain. The Israeli Municipality gave him a month to implement the demolition or it will do so and impose heavy fines on him. Shoqirat pointed out that he sold all his possessions and savings to build his house, which costs more than one million US dollars. He added that his 160-square-meter house sheltered 11 persons.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Monday, 10 August 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Kafur Thulth village, east of Qalqilya. They leveled agricultural lands and placed water pipes as a prelude to seize the area.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 10 August 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Thaghrah area, east of Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron. IOF confiscated Moneer Hasan Barghith’s 3 water pumps used for irrigating crops and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Etizon” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into al-Tawana village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. IOF, who were deployed in the village, established a military watchtower in a plot of land near “Hafat Ma’oun” settlement, which is established on Palestinians’ confiscated lands. Israeli authorities claimed that there was a military decision to establish the watchtower for military purposes.
  • On Monday, 10 August 2020, Khaled Abu Ta’ah implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house in al-Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, north of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Abu Ta’ah said that he built a new house a year and a half ago near his family’s house built since 1960. He added that the construction of his house took about two months, during which the Israeli municipality issued a demolition decision against it. He was able to postpone and freeze the decision, but the court issued the final decision last month and the municipality gave him a month to implement the demolition or it will do so. Abu Ta’ah clarified that he attempted to license the house several times, but in vain. He added that he and his family comprised of 8 members live in the old house, and he was forced to build the new 85-square-meter house for his son to live in it after he gets married. Abu Ta’ah said that he and his sons vacated the house and self-demolished it to avoid paying the demolition costs for the municipality staff.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Tuesday, 11 August 2020, Israeli bulldozers demolished a 2-storey residential facility sheltering 25 persons, in addition to a nearby residential apartment (120 sqm) belonging to al-Tahan family in Wadi Qaddoum neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Khaled Abu Taieh, Member of the Silwan Lands Defense Committee, said that the Israeli bulldozers and municipality staff raided al-Tahan family facility after completely surrounding it and then demolished it. Abu Taieh added that the 2-storey facility (400 sqm) belong to Wael, Nader and ‘Alaa al-Tahan. Wael al-Tahan said that he and his brothers built the facility in 1992 and after few months, the Israeli municipality issued a decision to seize lands from Ras al-‘Amoud and Wadi Qaddoum neighborhoods, under the pretext of being public utilities. Wael clarified that after several years, the Israeli municipality issued a demolition notice against their facility, under the pretext of non-licensing. In addition, the municipality notified his brothers that the land will be used for public utilities. Wael said that during the past years, he managed to delay the demolition several times and attempted  to license the house, but in vain. Also, the municipality imposed a fine of NIS 280,000 on his family, who attempted to license the house before building it, but the municipality refused. It should be noted that Israeli authorities escalated the demolition of houses in occupied East Jerusalem in 2020, as they demolished over 90 facilities, including buildings, residential houses, agricultural and commercial facilities, walls, and barracks. It is noteworthy that the number of facilities demolished this year until August is more than the facilities that were demolished throughout the past year, noting that the demolitions stopped during the emergency period that was taken to limit the spread of the Coronavirus. Last July, more than 20 houses were demolished in occupied East Jerusalem, half of them self-demolished. During the first 10 days of August, ten houses were demolished; 7 were self-demolished.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Sosiyia village, south of Yatta in southern Hebron. IOF were deployed between Palestinains’ house while Israeli Civil Administration officers demolished and confiscated Ahmed Jaber Hammad Nawaj’ah’s 30-square-meter tent built of steel columns and sheds. IOF also confiscated Mahmoud Khaled Nawaj’ah (32)’s concrete mixer and 10 steel columns, in addition to handing him a cease-construction notice to his under-construction room, under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • On the same time, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Fakheet area in southern Hebron. Israeli Civil Administration officers dismantled Jameel Mohammed al-‘Amour’s tent built of sheds and steel columns and confiscated it, under the pretext of non-licensing. The tent sheltered 8 members, including 4 children.
  • At approximately 10:30, IOF moved into Kafur al-Deek village, west of Salfit. They detained a concert pump and 2 trucks belonging to al-Marsah company while working in Hadi Nabil Naji’s plot of land. It should be noted that Naji’s land is threatened to be confiscated, as it is located in al-Sha’ab area. IOF forced the company’s owner, Fadi Mahmoud Sarsour, to sign a pledge not to transfer the concrete and work in Area C.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Maghayir al-‘Abeed area in southern Hebron. IOF demolished Shehadah Mohammed Makhamrah’s 100-sqaure-meter tent built of sheds and steel columns and used for breeding sheep, under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • On the same day, IOF uprooted 100 olive seedlings and leveled agricultural lands in Khelet al-Nahlah area, south of Bethlehem. Hasan  Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that IOF leveled ‘Amer Abu Zaghreet’s agricultural land (1.5 dunum) and demolished a retaining wall, under the pretext of being an antiquities area. It should be noted that Khelet al-Nahlah area is exposed to a settlement attack, as 1,200 dunums were seized in order to establish a settlement outpost called “Givat Eitam.”
  • On the same day, ‘Aziz ‘Eliyan implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house in al-Mukaber Mount area, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Eliyan said that 10 years ago, he added a 100-square-meter building to his old house in order to shelter his family comprised of 9 members. ‘Eliyan clarified that the Israeli Municipality issued a demolition notice against the new building and he managed to delay the demolition for several years. Two weeks ago, IOF raided his house and informed him about the final demolition decision. IOF gave him until the mid of August to implement the demolition or the municipality staff will do so.
  • At approximately 22:00, Ibrahim Abu Subi’ah implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house near Beit Safafa village, south of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Abu Subi’ah said that he built his house in 2001 on his land near Beit Safafa village. Abu Subi’ah clarified that his 3-storey house (600 sqm) costs millions of shekels. He added that when he finished the construction of his house, the municipality fined him of NIS 150,000. Abu Subi’ah paid $ 60,000 to the lawyer who managed to delay and freeze the demolition decision for several times. Abu Subi’ah pointed out that he was shocked when IOF raided his house and handed him the administrative demolition notice. Abu Subi’ah immediately phoned his lawyer, Sami Rasheed, who attempted to delay the demolition, but in vain. Abu Subi’ah was forced to self-demolished his house to avoid paying the demolition costs for the municipality staff.
  • On Wednesday, 12 August 2020, Abu Jum’a family implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house in Khelet al-‘Ein area in al-Tour neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Ibrahim Abu Jum’a said that he and his brother Mohammed were forced to self-demolished their house after the lawyer informed them that there was no legal way to stop the demolition of their house, and that the Israeli municipality would force them to pay the demolition costs estimated at NIS 70,000. Abu Jum’a clarified that they started to build their 180-square-meter house (2 floors) in April 2020 and the house was still under-construction. Abu Jum’a pointed out that he was handed the first demolition notice in 20 April 2020 and the second notice on 03 May 2020. He headed to the court which refused the appeal against the demolition and decided to implement the demolition within 14 days. Abu Jum’a added that his lawyer extended the demolition decision for 3 months and paid NIS 25,000. The lawyer phoned Abu Jum’a and informed him that he no longer could delay the demolition, so Ibrahim and his brother were forced to self-demolished their house.
  • Israeli Settler Violence
  • On Saturday, 01 August 2020, 10 sheep died  after they were poisoned while grazing them in a pastoral area, close to a settlement outpost established on Kherbet Jeb’eet lands in al-Moghair village, northeast of Ramallah. The sheep’s owner accused the settlers of intentionally poisoning  his sheep. According to information obtained by PCHR’s fieldworker that Fadel Ibrahim Hamed headed to a pastoral area in Kherbet Jeb’eet lands, adjacent to a settlement outpost, to graze his sheep. In afternoon, Hamed took his 20 sheep and returned to the barn. After that, he was shocked when he saw his sheep died together within  few minutes. He immediately brought a veterinarian to treat them , and it turned out the sheep were poisoned. As a result, 10 sheep died while the rest sustained pain.
  • At approximately 13:00, 3 siblings, a woman and 2 children, sustained bruises after Israeli settlers attacked them in Tal al-Ramida neighborhood in the central of Hebron. According to PCHR’s investigations, a group of Israeli settlers chased and attacked Marwa ‘Emad Abu Shmaisah (17) while she was present in front of her family house and carrying her niece, Tarteel Taninah (6 months). Marwa’s brother ‘Awni (21) attempted to confront the settlers, meanwhile, IOF arrived at the area and attacked the family as well. As a result, Marwa’s sister Madleen (27) sustained bruises in her right foot, her brother Saleh (15) sustained wounds in his hand. In addition, IOF arrested ‘Awni and took him to an investigation center in “Kiryat Arba’” settlement. Half an hour later, IOF took Marwa and her mother Fayiza Abu Shamisah to a police station to file a complaint. In the evening, all of them were released.

Marwa Abu Shmaisah said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:  ” At approximately 13:00 on Saturday, my niece Tarteel and I were heading to the grocery store near our house. When we were on our way back to the home, Israeli settlers chased me, spitted on me, cursed me, and grabbed my hair. I ran away towards the house and shouted. My brother ‘Awni (21) saw me, caught me quickly and pushed the settlers to keep them away from me. In the meantime, IOF arrived and gathered in front of our house. My family got out of the house and the settlers cursed them. One of the settlers threw empty bottle at us, wounding my sister Madleen (27) in her right foot. After that, an Israeli police patrol arrived at the house, raided it, arrested my brother ‘Awni, and took him with them. Half an hour later, the Israeli police arrived at our house again and asked me to accompany them to the investigation center in “Kiryat Arba” settlement in order to take my statement of what happened and my mother escorted me there. After interrogating us, we were released at 19:30, and my brother ‘Awni was also released. ”

  • At approximately 02:30 on Tuesday, 04 August 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Hafat Jel’ad” settlement outpost, which is established on Fer’ata village lands, northeast of Qalqilya, moved into the outskirts of the village. The settlers set 2 vehicles on fire; the first was a taxi belonging to Marwan Ahmed Taweel, while the second was a private car for Sharhabeel al-Taweel. The settlers also vandalized the vehicles with racist slogans.
  • At approximately 22:30 on Tuesday, 11 August 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Yatizhar” settlement, southeast of Nablus, threw stones at a vehicle passing on the street. As a result, the vehicle’s windshield was broken. It should be noted that the vehicle’s driver Hisham ‘Adoun (54) along with his wife ‘Abla Mostafa al-Tamouni and their son Fathi (27) were coming from Tulkarm and heading towards ‘Orta village, southeast of Nablus.
  • Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

Gaza Strip:

On Monday, 10 August 2020, Israeli authorities  announced the closure of the Gaza Strip’s sole commercial crossing “Karm Abu Salem”. According to PCHR’s follow-up, on Monday, 10 August 2020, Israeli authorities  announced the closure of Karm Abu Salem crossing starting from Tuesday, 11 August 2020, except for the transportation of goods for vital humanitarian cases and fuel. According to Israeli Coordinator of Government Activities in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, the decision was taken “in response to the launch of incendiary balloons and breaching security calm.”

This decision falls under the framework of the complete, illegal and unhumanitarian closure policy imposed by the Israeli authorities on the Gaza Strip since June 2007, as the  Gaza Strip crossings have witnessed tightened restrictions on the movement of goods and persons.

Regarding commercial crossings, Israeli authorities continue to impose strict restrictions on the entry of goods classified as “dual use materials.” The Israeli authorities officially list 62 items as “dual use items” which contain hundreds of goods and basic materials. The items on the “dual-use goods” list are essential to the life of the population, so imposing restrictions on them contribute to the deterioration of infrastructure and the deterioration of economic, health and education conditions. Israeli authorities also continue to ban the export of Gaza Strip products, excluding limited quantities that do not surpass 5% of Gaza’s monthly exports before the closure in June 2007.

As to the crossing dedicated for movement of individuals, the extreme measures enforced by the Israeli authorities on the freedom of movement from and to the Gaza Strip via Beit Hanoun crossing are still in effect. Since early March 2020, restrictions imposed by the Israeli authorities and the Palestinian Authority continued for the purpose of combating the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19). These measures decreased and limited the number of persons and categories allowed to travel, as all categories were banned travel, except for limited humanitarian cases, and only patients are allowed to travel for treatment abroad.

On Wednesday, 12 August 2020, Israeli authorities announced  reducing the allowed fishing area off the Gaza sea to 8 nautical miles.

The Israeli Broadcasting Corporation stated that Israeli Defense Minister Benny Gantz ordered to immediately reduce the allowed fishing area from 15 to 8 nautical miles until further notice in response to the launch of incendiary balloons from the Gaza Strip.

Zakaria Baker, Head of the Fishermen Committees  in Gaza, said that Israeli gunboats chased Palestinian fishing boats off the Gaza sea and ordered them to sail within the allowed fishing area. Baker added that Israeli naval forces fired a barrage of live bullets and pumped water at the fishermen who were forced to flee.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 57 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 15 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Ramallah and al-Bireh:

  • On Tuesday, 04 August 2020, IOF established a checkpoint on a main street leading to al-Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah.

Jericho:

  • On Tuesday, 04 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Jericho and on al-Mo’arajat road (between Jericho and Ramallah).
  • On Monday, 10 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Jericho.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 29 July 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Ethna and Sa’ir villages and at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 31 July 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Shayyoukh village, on Beit ‘Aynoun road and at the southern entrance to Hebron.
  • On Sunday, 02 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Hebron and at the entrance to Ethna village.
  • On Monday, 03 August 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp, and at the entrances to Beit Ummer and Dir Samet villages.
  • On Wednesday, 05 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhoul city and at the southern entrance to Hebron.
  • On Thursday, 06 August 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Sa’ir, Beit Ummer and Raboud villages, and at the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 07 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Hebron and at the southern entrance to Halhoul city.
  • On Saturday, 08 August 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp, at the entrance to Sima village, at the northern entrance to Yatta, and at the western entrance to Hebron.
  • On Sunday, 09 August 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Sa’ir, Wad al-Shajinah and Ethna villages.
  • On Monday, 10 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Sureef and Beit ‘Aynoun villages.
  • On Tuesday, 11 August 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Ethna and Kerza villages and at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Wednesday, 12 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp and at the southern entrance to Halhoul village.

Nablus:

  • On Saturday, 01 August 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at ‘Ainabous village square, southeast of the city.
  • On Sunday, 02 August 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints between Jaloud and Qasrah villages, at the entrance to Qaryout village and at al-Maslakh square, east of the city.
  • On Monday, 03 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at “Shafi Shamroun” intersection and at al-Moraba’ah intersection, south of the city.

Jenin:

  • On Thursday, 30 July 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ya’boud village, southwest of the city.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 30 July 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Merda village, north of Salfit.
  • On Saturday, 08 August 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Merda village, north of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 30 July 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to ‘Azoun and ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb villages, east of the city.
  • On Sunday, 02 August 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to Qalqilya and at the entrances to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb, ‘Azoun and al-Nabi Iyyas villages.
  • On Sunday, 06 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Qalqilya and at the entrances to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village.
  • On Tuesday, 11 August 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Qalqilya and at the entrances to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb and Hebla villages.

Tulkarm:

  • At approximately 08:15 on Tuesday, 11 August 2020, IOF closed a hole in the annexation wall established on Far’oun village lands, south of Tulkarn. IOF also detained a bus carrying Palestinians while heading to Israel. IOF fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the Palestinians, and prevented them from entering and exiting the hole, the entrance for workers employed in Israel.

PCHR: Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (23– 28 July 2020)

Source

Summary

Israeli forces continued to commit crimes and multi-faceted violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized by the excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, the Israeli’s excessive use of force rendered 3 injuries among Palestinian civilians, including a child, during raids and attacks on peaceful protests in the occupied West Bank.

Since announcing its plans to annex West Bank territories, including occupied East Jerusalem, the Israeli state has continued systematic demolitions and land razing, establishment of exclusive roads for settlements in an accelerated manner.

This week, PCHR documented 125 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli forces and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, including closure of certain territories, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information documented in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

PCHR would like to note that its Weekly Report on Israeli Violations of Human Rights in the oPt will not be published next week as Eid al-Adha is celebrated. PCHR confirms that the following report will cover a two-week period.

Israeli forces shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: Israeli soldiers shot and wounded 3 Palestinians, including a child, in excessive use of force against the weekly peaceful protest in Kufur Qaddoum in Qalqilia; Israeli forces also used live bullets 4 times in raids into West Bank cities.

In Gaza, Israeli forces opened fire at agricultural lands once and 4 times at fishing boats in eastern and western Gaza Strip.

Israeli forces incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: Israeli soldiers carried out 64 incursions into the West Bank. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, inciting fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 64 Palestinians were detained, including 12 children and 1 woman.

Israeli soldiers also conducted two limited incursions into eastern Rafah and northern Beit Hanoun, southern and northern Gaza Strip.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: Israeli authorities continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 14 violations, including:East Jerusalem: 3 warehouses demolished in Wadi al-Hilweh in Silwan village; 14 dunams razed and 5 barracks demolished in al-‘Isawiya; and 1 house vacated in prelude to self-demolishing it;Bethlehem: 3 houses received cease-construction notices; 4 cattle barns (barracks) confiscated;Hebron: 5 cease-construction delivered to 2 houses, an agricultural room and a barracks; 2 demolition notices for a cave used as a house and a barn; and a machine confiscated;Nablus: confiscation of machinery and vehicles used in reconstruction of a road in the Industrial area in Wadi al-Sham area;Salfit: demolition notice delivered of a room.

PCHR also documented 3 illegal Israeli settler attacks: attack on a quarry, wheel loader and excavator set on fire in Nablus; al-Bir wal Ihsan Mosque set on fire in al- Bireh; and suspicion of settler attack on cattle in north-eastern Jericho where 70 sheep died from poisoning.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst blockade in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

This was amplified by the restrictions put in place by Israeli authorities since March 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic, that had already had grave implications on the humanitarian and economic situation of the Gaza Strip population. Of all the Gaza Strip’s border crossings, only 2 currently function: Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) for movement of goods and Beit Hanoun (Erez) for movement of individuals. The Israeli authorities continued to impose restrictions on the entry of goods classified as “dual-use items”,[1] despite their importance in reviving the market, manufacturing and maintenance. As to Beit Hanoun crossing, it is almost completely closed except for emergency humanitarian cases. Lately, a very limited number of individual cases of patients who have obtained medical referrals and financial coverage to Israel were able to travel, and some others referred to Israeli organizations working in the field of health for assistance in coordination.

Meanwhile, Israeli authorities continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent military checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to detention.

I. Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity

  • At approximately 07:00 on Thursday, 23 July 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. Israeli gunboats also fired flare bombs in the same area at 13:10 on the same day. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 24 July 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed at the northern entrance established on lands of Kufur Qaddoum village, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated. Israeli troops chased young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them, and fired rubber-coated steel bullets, sound bombs and tear-gas canisters, resulting in 3 civilians injuries, including a child who was shot with a rubber bullet in his waist.
  • At approximately 15:20 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers stationed at “Eyal” crossing established north of Qalqilia, fired live rounds, rubber-coated steel bullets, sound bombs and tear-gas canisters at civilians who were present in the area. Israeli soldiers claimed that the locals threw stones. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 03:15 on Saturday, 25 July 2020, while storming Qalqilia, Israeli soldiers fired live and rubber-coated steel bullets, sound bombs and tear-gas canisters at Palestinian civilians’ homes. Israeli soldiers claimed that locals threw stones. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:30, July 25, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:00 on the same Saturday, Israeli troops, stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, opened fire at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’a village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 19:40 on the same Saturday, Israeli troops stationed adjacent to the annexation wall established in Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit, indiscriminately opened fire at Palestinian workers, while attempting to pass through the annexation wall for work in Israel. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:30 on Sunday, 26 July 2020, Israeli troops stormed Deir Estia village, north of Salfit and heavily fired sound bombs, claiming that a bus carrying Israeli settlers was stoned on the main street. Israeli troops withdrew from the villages at 03:00 on the same day. Neither casualties nor arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Sunday, 26 July 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.

II. Incursions and Detentions:

Thursday, 23 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Jama’een village, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and detained Hamza As’ad Zeitawi (25).
  • Around the same time, Israeli soldiers reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed around Wad al-Hareya. They raided and searched Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) secretary Nizar Abdul Aziz Ramadan’s (59) house and detained him and his son Ahmed (27). They took them to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, Israeli soldiers reinforced with several military vehicles moved into northern Hebron. They raided and searched the former minister Eisa Khayrat al-Ja’bari’s (58) house and took him to where army vehicles were stationed. Meanwhile, Israeli soldiers raided and searched Alaa Mohammed Mujahed’s (50) house, and detained him. Israeli soldiers released al-Ja’bari after investigating with him at the Israeli Intelligence Services’ office in Etzion, who threatened him from committing any illegal activities.
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli soldiers moved into al-Dheesha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Omar Yousef Mana”s (21) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli soldiers moved into Jabal al-Mawaleh area, in the central Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ahmed Burhan Daraghma’s (19) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Aqabat Jabt refugee camp, southwest of Jericho. They raided and searched two houses and detained Mohammed Taleb Yaghi (17) and Abdullah Mahmoud Yaghi (19).
  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mahmoud Yousef al-Ghalith’s (18) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 08:00, Israeli forces moved into Shu’fat refugee camp in East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and detained the Secretary-General of Fatah Movement, Adham al-Hindi.
  • At approximately 08:15, Israeli forces reinforced with 5 military vehicles, moved 100-meters to the south of the border fence, at Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossing’s eastern security passage, northwest of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip. They razed and combed lands that were previously levelled amidst a sporadic Israeli shooting which caused fear among farmers. At approximately 10:30, Israeli soldiers withdrew, and no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00, Israeli forces stationed at Shu’fat military camp, detained Adam Mansour al-Rashq (17), while passing through the military checkpoint. They took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 20:30, a group of Musta’ribeen (Israeli Special Unit disguised as Palestinian civilians), moved into al-‘Isawiya neighborhood in East Jerusalem. When they arrived to Martyr Mohammed Obaid neighborhood in the city, they wore their masks and stepped out of the car and abducted Mo’ath Owaiwi (12). Israeli forces took him to an unknown destination.
  • Israeli forces carried out (6) incursions in al-Samoua’, Karza, and Halhoul in Hebron; al-Am’Ari refugee camp, Um al-Sharayet in al-Beira. No detentions were reported.

Friday, 24 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:20, Israeli forces moved into Tubas, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and detained (3) civilians: Osaid Mahmoud Saleh (20), Emad Sayel Abdul Razik (32), and Lo’ay Rasheed Daraghma (28).
  • At approximately 15:00, Israeli forces stationed at a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Beit Einoun village, east of Hebron, detained Eisa Adel al-Haroush (26), from Yatta. Israeli soldiers65 took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 15:14, Israeli forces stationed at Huwara checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, detained Omar Ahmed Shamasna (27), from Jayyous village in Qalqilia governorate. Israeli soldiers took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 15:30, Israeli forces stationed at Huwara checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, detained Yaser Abed Hashash (19), from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. Soldiers took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:30, Israeli forces stationed at Elon Moreh settlement, northeast of Nablus, detained Ahmed Mohammed Hashash (17) and Marwan Bassam Hashash from in Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. They took them to an unknown destination.
  • Israeli forces carried out (2) incursions in Hebron and al-Shoyoukh in Hebron governorate. No detentions were reported.

Saturday, 25 July 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and detained (4) civilians including 2 children. The detainees are: Mohammed Emran Obaid (18), Yazan Emran Obaid (23), Zein el-Dein Muhanna (13), and Mohammed Hamza Obaid (12).
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli forces stationed at Nazlet Zeid checkpoint, west of Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin, detained Rima Abdul Fattah Kilany (16), from the city. Israeli soldiers took her to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 14:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Ahmed al-Rajabi’s (13) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 18:00, Israeli forces severely beat and detained (3) children while present in al-Wad neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s neighborhoods, and took them to one of the police stations in the city. The detainees are: Abdulrahman Ayman al-Bashiti (16), his brother Hatem (14), and Nabil Nidal Sidr (17).
  • Israeli forces carried out (4) incursions in Dura, Beit Kahel, Beit Marsm, and Deir al-‘Asal villages in Hebron governorate. No detentions were reported.

Sunday, 26 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Qalqilia and stationed in three entrances. They raided and searched a number of houses and detained (3) civilians: Mohammed Nour Yaseen (20), Wajdi Moeen al-Shanti (20), and Wesam Hamadah Yaseen (20).
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched the PLC Member of Hamas Movement, Nayef Mohammed Mahmoud Rajoub’s (62) house and detained him. Israeli soldiers released Rajoub from “Ofer” prison, west of Ramallah.
  • At approximately 03:20, Israeli forces reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron. They raided and searched the PLC Member of Hamas Movement, Hatem Qafishah’s (58) house and detained him. At approximately 10:00, Qafishah was released from a detention center in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli forces stationed at Erez crossing, north of the Gaza Strip, detained Sa’eed Harbi Abdul Fattah al-Shurafa (37), from al-Tuffah neighborhood in Gaza City, who is married with 2 children and a Franchise owner of DHL Company. Israeli soldiers detained al-Shurafa after he drove his vehicle into an Israeli gate to deliver and receive mail. They took al-Shurafa to an unknown destination and confiscated his vehicle.
  • At approximately 15:00, Israeli forces stationed at Erez crossing, north of the Gaza Strip, detained Mansour Ibrahim Mansour (18), who have a Jerusalemite ID card, while leaving the Gaza Strip to study in Abu Dis University in Jerusalem.
  • Mansour’s father, a former prisoner who served 11 years in the Israeli prisons from 1988 to 1999 and married to a Jerusalemite woman who lives in Jerusalem, and he lives in Gaza city, said that his son headed to Erez crossing at 11:00 to go to occupied East Jerusalem to study in Abu Dis University. Mansour’s father added that he received a phone call from his wife’s family informing him that Israeli police informed them that Mansour was detained, and he is detained in al-Ouz detention center.
  • At approximately 16:30, Israeli police stationed adjacent to Bab al-Rahma, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, arrested Mohammed Ma’moun al-Sheikh (28), from Ras al-Amoud neighborhood in Silwan village, in the occupied East Jerusalem and took him to a police station in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.
  • At approximately 21:30, Israeli forces stationed at a temporary military checkpoint, established at the entrance of Jeet village, north of Qalqilia, and detained Jamila Salman Daghamesh, from Jericho.

Monday, 27 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Samoua’ village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched three houses and detained (3) civilians: Eisa Mohammed al-Hawameda (25), Mohammed Ibrahim al-Hawameda (29), and Ayman Ali Abu ‘Arqoub (30).
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Silat al-Thuhr village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and detained Maher Abdul Latif al-Akhras (49).
  • Around the same time, Israeli soldiers moved into Jaba’ village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and detained Emara Abdul Latif Fashafisha (29).
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli soldiers moved into ‘Anata village and Shu’fat refugee camp in East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and detained (4) civilians: Ya’qoub Qawasmi, Abdullah al-Bakri, Ali al-Rashq, and Ra’fat Kayali.
  • At approximately 07:30, Israeli soldiers, reinforced with several military vehicles and bulldozers, moved 100-meters in al-Shawka village, east of Rafah, south of the Gaza Strip. They combed and levelled lands along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli soldiers stationed at Huwara military checkpoint, on the eastern entrance of Nablus, north of the West Bank, detained Oday Yehya Hamada (18), from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:00, Israeli soldiers stationed at Huwara military checkpoint, on the eastern entrance of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested Baker Emran Hashash (21), from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. Israeli soldiers took him to an unknown destination.
  • Israeli soldiers carried out (5) incursions in Sebastia and Rujeib in Nablus; al-Zababeda, east of Jenin; Beit Kahel and Hebron in Hebron governorate.

Tuesday, 28 July 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli soldiers moved into Aqabat Jabr Refugee camp, southwest of Jericho. They raided and searched three houses and broke the back window of Jamal Sukkar’s vehicle, while storming his house, and detained Mahmoud Sami Abu Atta (28).
  • At approximately 07:00, Israeli soldiers moved into Wad Qaddoum neighborhood, in Silwan, in East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Nidal Abd al-Wadoud Dandis’s house and detained his two sons: Obada (23) and Oday (18). It should be noted that Obada is a former prisoner who spent 50-months in the Israeli prisons and was released last January.
  • Israeli army carried out (7) incursions in Nablus, Sebastia, and Qublan in Nablus governorate; Um al-Tout village, east of Jenin; Deir Samit, Nouba, and Yatta villages in Hebron governorate.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank

a. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • On Thursday, 23 July 2020, Israeli authorities demolished 3 stores in Wadi Hilweh neighborhood in Silwan village, under the pretext of using the land for public utility. Wadi Hilweh Information Center – Silwan stated that joint crews from the Israel Nature and Parks Authority, Israeli Municipality and Israeli forces raided Marwan Siyam’s plot of land in Bab al-Magharebah area in Wadi Hilweh neighborhood. The municipality staff demolished the 3 stores with manual tools, under the pretext of using the land for public utility. Othman Siyam, a store owner, said that the plot of land belongs to his family and the stores are established on the land before occupying Jerusalem. He added that the Israeli Municipality notified his family in October and November 2019, claiming that the land is for public utility, and his family challenged the municipality decision. Siyam also clarified that his family was shocked when Israeli soldiers raided the land and vacated the stores to demolish them, upon a decision issued by the legal advisor at the Israel Nature and Parks Authority. Siyam added that Elad settlement association attempted several times to raid his family land and conducted excavation works on it, but his family confronted them. He said that the municipality notified his family and the Israel Nature and Parks Authority seized the land.
  • On Friday, 24 July 2020, Israeli authorities notified to stop construction works in 3 houses in Beit Sakaria village, south of Bethlehem. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that Israeli soldiers moved into Beit Sakaria in the central of “Gush Etizon” settlement, where they distributed 3 cease-construction notices to Mohammed Ibrahim ‘Atallah’s houses, under the pretext of non-licensing. It should be noted that Beit Sakaria village is exposed to a fierce settlement attack, which prevents its residents from urban expansion in order to seize their lands and displace them.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Sunday, 26 July 2020, Israeli soldiers backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Khelet al-Forn area in southern Hebron. IOF were deployed between Palestinians’ houses while the Israeli Civil Administration officers distributed 2 cease-construction notices, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. The 2 notices included: Yousef Suliman al-Hanjory’s residential rooms, kitchen and bathroom built of tin plates on an area of 80 square meters; and Ja’far Mohammed al-Qadi’s tin-plate house and foundations built on an area of 70 square meters.
  • At approximately 09:30 on Monday, 27 July 2020, Israeli soldiers moved into ‘Asirah al-Qabaliyia village, southeast of Nablus. Israeli soldiers seized equipment and machineries that were working to rehabilitate a street located in the industrial area in Wadi al-Sham, north of the village, under the pretext of working in Area C. This equipment belongs to Shahir Hanini’s company. It is noteworthy that the village local council has been working on this street for almost three years without objection, and yesterday they started paving it.
  • On the same day, Israeli soldiers seized 4 barracks used for breeding livestock in Nahaleen village, west of Bethlehem. Municipality Mayor, Subhi Zaydan, said that Israeli forces moved into ‘Ain Fares area and seized Ibrahim, Mahmoud and Mousa Hasan Shakarna’s barracks. It should be noted that Nahaleen village is exposed to recurrent attacks by Israeli soldiers and settlers, in addition to distributing cease-construction notices and levelling agricultural lands.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 28 July 2020, Israeli forces backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet Bereen, west of Bani Na’iem village in eastern Hebron. Israeli forces were deployed between Palestinians’ houses while Israeli Civil Administration officers stopped a truck belongs to Hebron Municipality and confiscated it. Also, Israeli forces distributed 2 demolition notices to ‘Imran Burqan’s old cave used for breeding animals and to Yousef al-‘Ajlouni’s barn built of tin plates and bricks, under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • ‘Abed al-Rahman ‘Abed al-Fattah Tamizy’s 300-square-meter barrack built of tin plates and used for breeding livestock.
  • Rezeq Mohammed Isma’il Salimiyia’s 40-square-meter agricultural room built of concrete and roofed with tin plates.
  • Fadel Ahmed ‘Abed al-Fattah Salimiyia’s 45-square-meter agricultural room built of concrete and roofed with tin plates.
  • On the same day, Israeli forces accompanied with Israeli Municipality staff moved into al-‘Isawiya village in occupied East Jerusalem. Israeli military construction vehicles levelled 14 dunams and demolished 5 barracks. Mohammed Abu al-Humus, Member of al-‘Isawiya Follow-up Committee, said that, Israeli troops accompanied with Israeli Municipality staff levelled lands in northern and western of al-‘Isawiya village and detained vehicles parked near the lands. IOF also confiscated sheep, horses and dogs from the area.
  • On the same day, Eyad Abu Subieh was forced to vacate his house in Silwan village in occupied East Jerusalem as a prelude to self-demolish it upon a decision issued by the Israeli Supreme Court. Abu Subieh said that: ” I was shocked when Israeli municipality bulldozers raided my house and vacated it 2 weeks ago. I headed to the Israeli Supreme Court to challenge and the lawyer managed to delay the demolition for 21 days. During this period, I appealed the demolition decision before the court, but in vain.”
  • In the evening, Israeli troops placed mobile houses in lands, which were previously levelled in Kisan village, east of Bethlehem. Hasan Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that Israeli troops placed 2 mobile houses in Kisan village lands, near “Ebi Hanahel” settlement.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into al-Zawiyia village, west of Salfit. They handed Ibrahim Mostafa As’ad Shoqair a notice to demolish his agricultural room in the western area, under the pretext of being in Area C.

b. Israeli Settler Violence

  • On Thursday, 23 July 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Price Tag group”, attacked Ayman ‘Abdullah Zitawi’s quarry in Jama’een village, southeast of Nablus. Also, the settlers vandalized the quarry walls with racist slogans, set a digger and a bulldozer ablaze and fled later.
  • On Monday, 27 July 2020, Israeli settlers moved into al-Bireh city , where they set al-Bar and al-Ihsan mosque ablaze and vandalized its walls with racist slogans. Mayor of al-Bireh municipality, ‘Azzam Isma’il, said that Israeli settlers moved into the city, vandalized the mosque’s interior walls and set its facilities ablaze. The imam of the mosque, Sheikh Ghassan Abdul Salam al-‘Adassi, said that at approximately 03:00, he went to the mosque before dawn prayer. When he arrived at the mosque, he smelled a smoke from the mosque’s facilities. He entered the bathroom and saw flames. Al-‘Adassi said that flammable materials were poured through the bathroom window on the floor. He also said: “I immediately called the civil defense to put out the fire and they claimed that there was a defect in the mosque’s electrical wires.”
  • On Tuesday, 28 July 2020, 70 sheep died after they were poisoned while grazing them in a pastoral area, close to “Naamat” settlement, northeast of Jericho. The sheep’s owner accused the settlers of intentionally poisoning his sheep. According to information obtained by PCHR’s fieldworker that Ahmed Khaled Zawahra (78) headed to a pastoral area in al-‘Ojah village, near “Naamat” settlement, to graze his sheep. In afternoon, Zawahra took his 110 sheep and returned to the barn. After that, he was shocked when he saw his sheep died together within few minutes. He immediately brought a veterinarian to treat them , and it turned out the sheep were poisoned. As a result, 70 sheep died while the rest sustained pain.

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (05 – 11 March 2020)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (05 – 11 March 2020)

Israeli violations of human rights in the occupied Palestinian territory

05 – 11 March 2020

  • Palestinian child killed and 14 civilians injured, including a journalist in excessive use of force by Israeli occupation forces against Palestinians at al-‘Arma Mountain in Nablus
  • 6 Palestinians wounded by IOF in Qalqilyah, occupied East Jerusalem and Ramallah
  • 9 shootings reported against agricultural lands and three at Palestinian fishing boats in eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • During 80 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem: 91 civilians arrested, including 4 children.
  • 400 olive tree seedlings and a residential tent uprooted in Bethlehem and Ramallah, and two construction vehicles confiscated in Hebron
  • “Sovereignty Road” project ratified in eastern occupied Jerusalem, intended to isolate Palestinian neighbourhoods from Jerusalem.
  • Collective punishment policy: IOF demolishes two houses of prisoners’ families
  • Settlers attacked Palestinian civilians, civilian houses and vehicles and cut trees in the West Bank
  • IOF established 36 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank, where a Palestinian civilian was arrested

Summary

This week, PCHR documented 159 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli occupation forces (IOF) and settlers in the occupied Palestinian territory.  As part of its excessive use of lethal force, IOF killed a Palestinian child in Nablus and wounded others. Moreover, IOF continued to use excessive force against the peaceful protests organized against Trump’s Peace Plan for the Middle East known as the “Deal of Century” that violates the rights of the Palestinian people and is in conflict with the United Nation (UN) resolutions and international law.  Meanwhile, settlers backed up by IOF continued to seize more civilian property and attack civilians and their property. It should be mentioned that the state of emergency declared by the Palestinian National Authority in face of the spread of Coronavirus in Bethlehem, and declaring the latter a closed area, had its implications on PCHR’s efforts to document human rights violations in the oPt.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: in excessive use of force against protests in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, IOF killed a Palestinian child and wounded 20 civilians, including a journalist, the child was killed and 14 were wounded during IOF’s suppression of protesters on al-‘Urmah Mountain in Nablus, including 2 deemed in critical condition. The rest of the casualties (6) were wounded in IOF attacks in Qalqilyah, occupied East Jerusalem and Ramallah.

In the Gaza Strip, 9 shootings by IOF were reported against the agricultural lands in the southern and central Gaza Strip while 1 shooting was reported against Palestinian fishing boats off the northern Gaza Strip shore.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 80 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 91 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children.  Meanwhile, in the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted a limited incursion in eastern Buraij refugee camp, central Gaza Strip.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: PCHR documented 5 IOF operations, including demolitions, land razing, and demolition notices: excavation operations at Palestinians’ lands in occupied East Jerusalem, two construction vehicles confiscated in Hebron, 400 olive trees uprooted in Bethlehem, a barracks used for cattle dismantled and a residential tent demolished in Ramallah. Furthermore, “Sovereignty Road” project was ratified in area E1 eastern occupied East Jerusalem, which intends to isolate Palestinian neighbourhoods from Jerusalem, to apply Israeli sovereignty.

PCHR also documented 8 settler-attacks: cars and houses attacked in Nablus; dozens of grape vines cut in al-Khader village, southern Bethlehem, and assault on a civilian and houses in Hebron during Purim Jewish holiday.

Collective punishment policy

IOF demolished two Palestinian prisoners’ houses in Ramallah: Yazan Mghames in Beirzeit northern Ramallah; and Walid Hanatsheh, in al-Teereh neighbourhood western Ramallah.

Israeli closure policy and Restrictions on Movement: on Friday, 06 March 2020, IOF declared a complete security lockdown on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip for Purim.

IOF announced the lockdown from mighnight Sunday, 08 March 2020, until Thursday, 12 March 2020. The decision applied to Kerm Shalom crossing, the Gaza Strip’s sole commercial crossing with Israel for 24 hours, Monday – Tuesday.

As such, IOF did not allow exit or entry into Israel, except for humanitarian cases and medical emergencies, after acquiring the approval of the Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories.

On Wednesday, 11 March 2020, IOF declared increased restrictions on Beit Hanoun Crossing and all West Bank checkpoint under the pretext of responding to the spread of Coronavirus.

 This comes in a time when the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted and they are subject to arrest. This week, IOF arrested 1 Palestinian at a temporary military checkpoints.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity
  2. Excessive Use of Force against Protests in the West Bank

IOF suppressed peaceful protests that took part in the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, condemning the U.S President Donald Trump’s Middle East peace Plan known as “Deal of the Century” that was declared on 28 January 2020. In most of the protests, Palestinians gathered near seam zones and chanted national slogans as some of them threw stones at IOF. IOF responded with live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, 2 civilians sustained live bullets wounds and dozens suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. IOF also arrested 5 civilians, including 2 children. The protests were as follows:

  • A protest near the annexation wall gate, east of al-‘Erqah village, west of Jenin. IOF suppressed the protestors and arrested 4 civilians, including 2 children: Yazan Rasem Yahiya (19), Mousa (17), Basel Nezar Waked (25), and Mohammed Issam Waked (16). Many civilians also suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • A protest at the northern crossing established on Qalqiliyah city lands. IOF chased Palestinian young men, who gathered in the area. Clashes erupted in the area in which IOF fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a 30-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in his face and a 47-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in the right hand.
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 08:30 on Friday, 06 March 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of al-Qararah village. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:00 on the same Friday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village; No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00 on the same Friday, IOF moved into al-Wad Street in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched houses of Mohammed Murad Najib (20) and Hesham Mohammed al-Bashiti (19) and arrested them. In the meantime, a number of young men protested on al-Wad Street, adjacent to Bab al-Majles, one of al-Aqsa Mosque gates, and threw stones and fired live bullets at IOF soldiers. The soldiers fired sound bombs and rubber bullets at the protestors.
  • At approximately 14:30 on Saturday, 07 March 2020, IOF soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At the same time, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of al-Qararah village, east of Khan Younis, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00 on the same Saturday, IOF moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. The soldiers deployed the city neighborhoods, established checkpoints at its entrances, prevented civilians from entering or exiting the village, and searched civilian’s vehicles before allowing them to enter the village. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men protested at the entrance to Obeid neighborhood, north of the village and threw stones, fireworks and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli soldiers. An Israeli force moved into the neighborhood and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. Clashes erupted in the area and continued for 3 hours. As a result, 2 civilians were hit with sound bombs shrapnel and they were taken to a medical center in the village to receive medical treatment. IOF arrested Moneer Mo’ammer Obeid (18) and Yazan Bassam Rushud Obeid (23).
  • At approximately 08:00 on Sunday, 08 March 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands in eastern al-Fukhari village, east of Khan Younis. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of al-Qararah village, east of Khan Younis. The shooting recurred at 21:00 on the same day. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:15 on the same Sunday, IOF moved into Qabatiyah village, southeast of Jenin. In the meantime, a number of children and youngsters gathered and threw stones at IOF’s vehicles. IOF responded with tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 15:30 on the same Sunday, IOF moved into Burin village, southeast of Nablus, and stationed in al-Baten area, east of Burin village. A number of Palestinian children gathered and threw stones at IOF vehicles. IOF fired tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and they received medical treatment on the field.
  • At approximately 21:30 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, fired live bullets and flare bombs in the sky of the area. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 06:00 on Monday, 09 March 2020, IOF gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire and chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 2 nautical miles. Fishermen were forced to flee from the area fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on the same Monday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi refugee camp in central Gaza Strip, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at Palestinian shepherds, adjacent to the border fence. The shooting continued sporadically until the evening hours. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 10 March 2020, IOF soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Abasan al-Kabirah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 19:00 on the same Tuesday, an Israeli infantry unit moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, claiming that Israeli soldiers stationed at the entrance to the camp they were stoned. When the soldiers arrived at the area where UNRWA storehouses are, a number of young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers. The soldiers chased the stone-throwers between houses and indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.  IOF withdrew from the  Neither arrests nor house raids were reported.
  • Simultaneously, IOF moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus and stationed in al-Berkah area, west of the village. In the meantime, a number of civilians gathered and threw stones at IOF vehicles, and the latter fired rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and they received medical treatment on the field. IOF chased the protestors and dispersed them. IOF also arrested 2 civilians namely: Hazem Omer Hendi (25) and Bara’a Abdul Fattah Eshtiyah (23).
  • At approximately 02:00 on Wednesday, 11 March 2020, an Israeli military force moved into Deir Netham village, northwest of Ramallah. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered at the village’s main entrance and threw stones at Israeli soldiers, while the latter heavily responded with rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and they received medical treatment. IOF also arrested Ramez Mohammed Yahiyah al-Tamimi (15) and Osamah Mohammed Yahiyah al-Tamimi (17) and took them to an unknown destination.
  • In a new crime of excessive use of force, on Wednesday, 11 March 2020, IOF killed a Palestinian child and wounded 14 others, including a journalist, when they suppressed a protest in al-‘Armah Mount, southeast of Beta village in Nablus, north of the West Bank. 2 civilians’ injuries were deemed critical condition.
  • According to PCHR investigations, approximately at 05:00 on Wednesday, Israeli forces backed by at least 40 military vehicles and 2 construction vehicles moved into al-‘Arma Mountain, and proceeded to suppress a civilian gathering (dozens) who had an overnight sit-in starting at 20:00 on Tuesday, 10 March 2020, as IOF provided protection for settlers. IOF fired live and rubber bullets, as well as tear gas canisters at the civilian gathering in order to disperse them. Clashed erupted until 07:00 Wednesday morning. As a result, IOF aggression resulted in the injury of 14 civilians. Mohammed Abdulkarim Khassab Hamayel (15) was shot with a live bullet in the head and deemed critical, until his death was announced at 12:00 today at the Intensive Care Unit at Rafidia Hospital in Nablus. Among those wounded was journalist Baker Mohammed Abdulhaq (30) who was shot with a rubber bullet in his left leg while covering the incident for Palestine TV; two others were deemed in an extremely critical conditions, while dozens suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and were attended to in the field.

According to eyewitnesses’ statement to PCHR fieldworker, IOF did not allow paramedics to evacuate the wounded, including Hamayel (15) and left them to bleed on the ground for more than half an hour before ambulance were allowed to enter after the area was forcibly evacuated from all civilians. All of the above occurred despite the fact that the civilian gathering did not pose any danger to the lives of Israeli soldiers.

This is the 3rd IOF raid into al-‘Arma Mountain in the past 2 weeks against civilian gatherings intended to obstruct settlers’ overtake of the area, where 146 Palestinians sustained wounds.

Al-‘Arma Mountain is one of the highest points of altitude in Nablus governorate (843m above the sea level), and it has an historic site (60 dunums) and it is part of Bita village, southeast of Nablus. Israeli settlers intend to control it and annex it to settlements “Givat Arnon” and “Etmar” under religious pretexts.

  1. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 05 March 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Barqin village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched Mohammed Omran Sabbah’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Samoa’ village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Oday Mohammed Mahmoud Rawashda’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Jenin. They raided and searched Sayed Ibrahim Sayed’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Fare’a refugee camp, south of Tubas. They raided and searched Omar Fathi al-Shafe’i’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • In the same context, IOF moved into Burin village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Ahmed Ali Eid’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Kharas, west of Hebron. They raided and searched four houses and arrested (4) civilians: Romel Kamel Atwan (42), Shaher Aziz Halahela (42), Younis Owda al-Haroub (39), and Isma’el Ahmed al-Haroub (29). It should be noted that Romel was arrested in Nafha Prison and released on 13 February 2020 after serving a sentence of 18-years, and Shaher was released on 19 March 2019, after serving 17-years sentence in Nafha prison.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Sourif, west of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Wa’d al-Haq Mohamed al-Hedmi (30) and Rami Mohammed Ehdoush (38).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Beit Ummer, north of Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and handed (3) civilians summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services (Shen Bet) in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem. The (3) civilians are: Saqer Ahmed Sabarna (36), Waheeb Nimir ‘Alqam (35), and Mazen Hussain al-Tit (33).
  • At approximately 21:40, IOF moved into Qalqiliya. They aided and searched Adel Suliman Abu Duhail’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Sabastya, Qaryout in Nablus, Tafouah, and Hebron in Hebron Governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 06 March 2020:

  • At approximately 14:30, IOF moved into Batn al-Hawa in Solwan, soth of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Monthir Hamza al-Rajabi’s (21) house and took him to Salah al-Deen police station. IOF released him after several hours without conditions.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Birzeit, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a university student’s apartment and arrested (7) civilians from Tulkarm; Mohammed Mahmoud Thawabta (21), Yazeed Kamal Abdul Dayem (21), Mohammed Hasan Jaber (21), Aseed Abdul Fattah Sa’eed (22), Ahmed Farah (19), Mohammed Naser (22), and Rayyan Kharyoush (20).
  • At approximately 03:20, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Barakat Raed Nakhla’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Foad Jamal al-Shawish’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in al-Shoyoukh, Beit al-Roush, and al-Thahereya in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 07 March 2020:

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Abu Snaina (20) and Mustafa Abu Snaina (21), and took them to the police station in the city, while present in front of their house in al-Wad Street, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Hebron and Yatta in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 08 March 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Thawri neighborhood, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided Ibrahim Jameel Ghaith’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Jabal al-Mokaber neighborhood, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Khaled Amer Alian Owaisat’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Loay Ashraf Mahmoud’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Sourif, Abu al-‘Asja, and Beit Amrah villages in Hebron.

Monday, 09 March 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Qalandya refugee camp and Kafr Aqab, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Ahmed Jom’aa Sajdeya (27), Mohammed Yaser Hammad (29), and Omar Eid (26). It should be noted that Sajdeya’s right hand was amputated in November 2014 during the clashes near Qalandya military checkpoint, north of the occupied East Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yehya Jamal Sowi (32) and Eyad Mohammed Naser (40) and arrested them. Later, IOF released Eyad Naser.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jenin. They raided and searched Nidal Fayez Abu al-Teen’s (52) house and arrested him and his son Baha’ (25). IOF also moved into Mohammed Jamal al-Hourani’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched four houses and arrested (4) civilians: Abdul Kareem Khaled Abu Sel (22), Amro Khaled al-Badawi (19), Majed Tayseer al-Titi (24), and Ahmed Izzat al-Sabatin (21).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Kharsa village, southwest of Hebron they raided and searched two houses belonging to Nehad Yousef Awawda and Abdul Halim Mohammed al-Talahma. No arrests were reported.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Heela village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Shaher Rabea’ Dawoud’s house and no arrests were reported.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Monjed Mohammed Radwan (28) and Khaled Hussain Abed Rabboh (20), and arrested them. Lately, IOF released Khaled.
  • At approximately 03:10, IOF moved into Betein village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched Hadi Abdullah Hamed’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Solwad, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hasan Tayseer Hammad (20) and Saleh Abdullah Seyagha (19), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF backed by five military construction vehicles, moved 200 meters west of the border fence, east of al-Buraij. A warplane was flying in the area while the construction vehicles were leveling the land and repairing the barbed wire along the border fence. At approximately 17:30, the military construction vehicles redeployed again along the border fence.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Alian neighborhood, in al-Issaweya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a restaurant in the neighborhood and arrested Mohammed Ibrahim Hamdan (26).
  • IOF carried out 3 incursions in Halhoul and Sa’eer villages, in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 10 March 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Ram village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hamouda Baker Jabarin’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beita municipality, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (8) civilians and took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees are: Monawar Abdul Rahman Bani Shamsa (55), Raed Abdul Raheem Dawoud (50), Hussain Dawoud Bani Shamsa (22), his brother Ibrahim (26), Jihad Fayez Hamayel (24), his brother Fayez (22), Saif Hamayel (22), and Abdul Salam Mo’la (50), who is a university professor.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Awrta village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Abdul Salam Mohammed Awwad’s (48) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF around the same time, IOF moved into Kafr Tholth village, east of Qalqiliya. They raided and searched Ali Rafiq Mohammed Shawahna’s (40) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Auserin village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Samer Hamdi Nayef Mifleh’s (25) house and took him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOFD moved into Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Omran Kareem Abu Sbaih’s (25) house and arrested him. After a few hours, IOF released him on condition of banning him from entering al-Aqsa Mosque for a month.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Hebron, and stationed in Korbet Zaheda area. They raided and searched Fareed Hmaidan al-‘Awiwi’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF moved into Dari neighborhood in al-Issaweya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ma’moun Mostafa Dari’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Yatta, Hadab, and al-Fawwar refugee camp in Hebron.

Wednesday, 11 March 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians: Mohammed Mousa Ajjawi (32), Yousef Naser Salah al-Deen (24), Mohammed Zuhair Bal’awi (27), Ahmed Asa’ad Nabhan (23), and Emad Ghassan Hab al-Reeh (21). IOF took the arrestees to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and handed (3) civilians summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Ofar Detention” in Betounya. The civilians are: Hamza Mohammed Qindah, Ahmed Abu Zir, and Anwar Mohammed Abu Salem.
  • At approximately the same time, IOF moved into Abu-Shekhdem village, northern Ramallah, raided and searched several civilian houses. IOF delivered 3 civilians notices to appear before the Israeli Intelligence Service at “Ofer” Prison in Bitunia village, west of the city: Hamzah Mohammed Sherif Qindah, Ahmed Abu-Zer and Anwar M. S. Abusalem.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Deer Abu Mishal village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (2) civilians including a child; Abdul Rahman al-Barghouthi (17) and Mohammed Darwish ‘Atta (19).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into several neighborhoods in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Mohammed Sandouqa (20), Salah al-Razim (18), and Mohammed Hijazi (24).
  • At approximately 05:30, IOF moved into Um al-Safa village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Issam Hamad (25).
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stopped and arrested Ehab Yousef al-Jabareen (30), from Yatta, south of Hebron, while passing through a temporary military checkpoint on the northern entrance of the city.
  • At approximately 18L30, IOF arrested (5) civilians near Salah al-Deen Police Station after severely beaten them. Anwar Obaid said to PCHR’s fieldworker that a group of Israeli soldiers tried to arrest the prisoner Yaser Obaid’s father and sister, then her son with dozen of civilians attempted to defend them. A fight occurred between them, and the IOF severely beaten and arrested (3) of them along with Mrs. Obaid and her daughter who were released after a few minutes.  The arrestees are: Mohammed Bassam Obaid (23), Mohammed Bassam Alian, and Mohammed Mobtasem Obaid (19).
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Abu Qash, Borham, Birzeit villages in Ramallah, Hebron, Tarqoumeya, Beit Ummer in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  1. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities
  • At approximately 15:00 on Thursday, 05 March 2020, the Israeli Nature Authority staff raided and conducted excavation works in Mohamed Dawoud al-‘Abasi (90)’s plot of land located in Wadi al-Rababh neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. ‘Abed al-Kareem Abu Sninah, Head of Wadi al-Rababah Village Council, said that the Israeli Nature Authority has targeted the area for the past 20 years to establish new settlement projects. He also pointed out that a court hearing will be held on 22 March to make a decision on the neighborhood lands, and it seems that storming the land by the Nature Authority staff was to influence the court’s decision. Abu Sninah added that as a result of storming the neighborhood lands, the residents confronted the Nature Authority staff and forced them to stop excavation works.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Sunday, 08 March 2020, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbit Berin, east of Hebron. The Israeli soldiers were deployed into the area, where they confiscated Mohamed Ahmed Abu Turki’s 2 JCB diggers while reclaiming agricultural lands. It should be noted that Kherbit Berin is located in Area C, where working is banned without getting a prior permission from the Israeli authorities.
  • On Monday, 09 March 2020, IOF uprooted hundreds of olive seedlings from Wadi Fokeen village, west of Bethlehem. Wadi Fokeen Village Council stated that 400 olive seedlings belonging to Mohamed Mahmoud al-Hroub were uprooted from Sha’b Bohour area, west of the village.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF backed by a mounted-crane truck and a vehicle carrying workers from private companies moved into Kherbet Jab’eet in al-Moghair village, northeast of Ramallah. The workers dismantled Anees Mahmoud Abu ‘Alia (43)’s 100-sqaure-meter barrack built of tin plates and used for breeding livestock. The IOF also demolished Abu ‘Alia’s residential tent that was sheltered 6 persons, including 4 children, and confiscated a generator from it, under the pretext of being a closed military zone.
  • On Monday, Israeli Defense Minister, Naftali Bennett, approved the project of the so-called “road of sovereignty” in Area ( E1),east of occupied East Jerusalem, which aims at isolating Palestinian neighborhoods from occupied East Jerusalem and  imposing  Israeli sovereignty in area E1. According to 0404 New and Media Website, the road will connect the Palestinian neighborhoods of Anata, Ezzaim, Hizma and Ar-Ram, north of the Israeli settlement Maale Adumim, to one another, ensuring that Palestinians and Israelis do not drive on the same road. Bennett said in a statement that “Sovereignty Road” will allow Palestinian vehicles to move without crossing inside the Maale Adumim settlement, near Israeli communities, and will enable the building of settlement units in area E1. The 0404 New and Media Website stated the planning procedures will now begin in cooperation with the Ministry of Transport, which will be responsible for its implementation.

“We are giving a green light to the ‘sovereignty road’ today” to connect Jerusalem and Ma’aleh Adumim, Bennet said. “The project will improve the quality of life of the residents of the area, prevent unnecessary friction with the Palestinian population, and most importantly – enable the continuation of building in the settlements. Imposing sovereignty in deeds, not in words. We will continue that way,” he continued.

It should be noted that building “Sovereignty Road”  allows the Israeli occupation authorities to annex the area known as E1 and settle in it, in addition to separating the  northern West Bank from its south and undermining any opportunity to establish a sovereign Palestinian state.

  • Israeli Settler Violence
  • At approximately 14:45 on Saturday, 07 March 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Yatizhar” settlement, which is established in the eastern side of Madama village, southeast of Nablus, attacked the outskirts of Madamarn village from the eastern side and threw stones at the Palestinians’ houses, under the IOF protection. In the meantime, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at the settlers and IOF, who fired tear gas canisters at them. As a result, my Palestinians suffocated to due tear gas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 17:15, Israeli settlers, from “Yatizhar” settlement, which is established in the eastern side of Bureen village, southeast of Nablus, attacked the outskirts of Bureen village from the eastern side and threw stones at the Palestinians’ houses, under the IOF protection. In the meantime, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at the settlers and IOF, who fired tear gas canisters at them. As a result, my Palestinians suffocated to due tear gas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • On Tuesday, 10 March 2020, dozens of Israeli settlers cut grape vines in al-Khader village, south of Bethlehem. Hasan  Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall  Resistance Commission, said that settlers cut many grape vines in Faghour area, which is surrounded by “Daniel”, “Eliezer” and “Efrat” These grape vines belong to ‘Abed al-Salam Ahemed al-Seer. Breijieh also said that the settlers take the opportunity after declaring a state of emergency in the oPt in order to seize Palestinian lands and damage the crops.

It should be noted that during the past 2 weeks, the Israeli settlers uprooted at least 800 trees in al-Khader village and 400 seedlings in Wadi Kofeen.

  • At approximately 00:30 on Wednesday, 11 March 2020, while Palestinian vehicles travelling on Hawarah main street, south east of Nablus, a vehicle with Israeli registration plates stopped. Meanwhile, 3 settlers carrying sticks stepped out of the vehicle and attacked Palestinian vehicles travelling on the street. The settlers also attacked 2 Palestinian young men, who attempted to confront them, and broke their vehicle rear window. The young men fled and headed to the Israeli Police Station to file a complaint. The young men were identified as Salah Wael Lotfi Khamous (23), who sustained bruises in his back, and Wa’d Ghazi Dawoud Shehada (23), who was hit with a stick in his right shoulder. Both of them headed to Rafidia Hospital for treatment.
  • At approximately 10:00, Israeli settlers organized tours on Tal al-Ramitha neighborhoods streets in the center of Hebron to celebrate the Jewish “Purim” Holiday. During that, the settlers attacked Palestinian residents and cursed them. They also chanted slogans against Arabs, under the IOF protection.
  • Around the same time, a group of settlers attacked and cursed Palestinian residents on al-Shuhada Street while celebrating the Jewish “Purim” Holiday. The daily life of the Palestinian residents in the closed neighborhoods of Hebron has been disrupted due to the large number of settlers. The closure included the main entrance to al-Shuhaha Street.
  • At approximately 11:45, Israeli settlers, from the “Price Tag” group”, attacked the western entrance to Hawarah village, near “Yatizhar” settlement square. They threw stones at Mo’taz Sadeq Qasrawi’s house and broke it windows. They also broke the windows of 3 vehicles parked Mohamed ‘Abed al-‘Aziz Ahmed Harezlah’s in house yard, 200 meters away from Yatizhar” settlement square.
  • At approximately 18:00, Israeli settlers, from “Kiryat ‘Arba’” settlement, were performing prayers in celebration of the Jewish Purim Holiday. In the meantime, Israeli settlers threw stones at Palestinians houses in Wadi al-Nasara neighborhood, east of al-Ibrahimi Mosque. As a result, Mohanad Khalawi al-Ja’bari (30) sustained wounds in his head after being hit with a stone. He was taken to the Governmental Hospital in the city to receive treatment.
  • Collective Punishment Policy
  • As part of the collective punishment policy applied by the Israeli forces against Palestinian families of those accused of carrying out attacks against the Israeli forces and/or settlers, IOF demolished the prisoners  Yazan Maghamis and Waleed Hanatsha’s houses in Birzeit, north of Ramallah, and al-Tira neighborhood.

According to PCHR’s investigations, on Thursday, 05 March 2020, IOF backed by dozens of military construction vehicles  moved into Birzeit in northern Ramallah. Dozens of Israeli soldiers stepped out of military vehicles and were deployed between houses. They heavily fired sound bombs in the center of the city. In the meantime, a large number of IOF raided the prisoner Yazan Maghamis’s 150-sqaure-meter house and completely demolished it, so many Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at IOF who responded with rubber bullets and tear gas canisters. As a result, many civilian suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and received treatment on the spot by PRCS staff.

  • At approximately 02:30, at least 200 Israeli soldiers accompanied with 20 military construction vehicles moved into al-Tira neighborhood, which is located in the western side of Ramallah. The Israeli soldiers were deployed on the neighborhood streets and at it entrances. They also turned the neighborhood into a closed military zones and prevented anyone from entering or exiting it. IOF fired rubber bullets and sound bombs at Palestinians’ vehicles and buildings. During which, IOF raided a 6-story residential building comprising of 13 apartments. They raided the prisoner Waleed Hanatsha’s 170-square-meter apartment after forcing all it the residents to get out and locking them in another apartment. IOF destroyed the apartment walls with hand hammers. Meanwhile, clashes erupted between the IOF and the neighborhood residents who threw stones and empty bottles and set fire to tiers. The IOF responded with rubber bullets and tear gas canisters. As a result, 2 civilians were shot with rubber bullets in their lower limbs and treated on the spot by PRCS staff, who classified their injuries as minor. Also, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.

It should be noted that on 10 January 2020, the Israeli authorities  handed demolition notices to the families of prisoners Yazan ‘Abdullah Maghamis, who was arrested on 11 September 2019, and Waleed Hanatsha, who was arrested on 03 October 2019,  after being accused of participation in the attack at Ein Bubin near Deir Bzai’a village, west of Ramallah on 23 August 2019, which caused the killing of Israeli female settler and injuring her father and brother.

  • Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

Gaza Strip

  • On Friday, 06 March 2020, Israeli authorities decided to impose a security cordon on the West Bank and Gaza Strip for security reasons, coinciding with the Jewish Holiday “Purim.”

Moreover, the Israeli authorities declared that the closure would be started on Sunday 08 March and ended on Thursday, 12 March. The decision included the closure of Karem Abu Salem Crossing, the only commercial crossing in the Gaza Strip, on Tuesday.

Upon this decision, the humanitarian, medical and exceptional cases would be allowed to pass through the crossing, according to the approval of the government’s coordinator in the Palestinian Territories.

  • On Wednesday, 11 March 2020, Israeli authorities declared the closure of Erez Crossing due to coronavirus.
  • The Israeli authorities stated that on Thursday 12 March 2020, humanitarian cases, prominent businessmen (BMC Card holders), workers, and West Bank Palestinians (under 50) with valid permits will be allowed to enter Israel from the West Bank crossings.
  • The Israeli authorities decided to continue the closure imposed on the Bethlehem and prevent citizens ’movement, under the pretext of confronting the spread of coronavirus, while preventing the residents of Bethlehem from entering Israel until further notice.
  • Furthermore, workers and BMC Card holders are allowed to enter Israel from Hebron crossings not from the 300 crossing (Rachel Crossing).
  • The new decision included that the ongoing closure of  Beit Hanoun (Erez )crossing, except for urgent humanitarian cases. These instructions are valid until Saturday 14 March, and appropriate decisions will be taken regarding the subsequent period, according to the Israeli decision.

West Bank

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 36 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested one of them.

The military checkpoint were as follows:

  • Jerusalem:
  • On Monday, 09 March 2020, IO closed Qalandia military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem, and al-Zaytoun military checkpoint, east of the city, in front of vehicles movement. The checkpoints were later opened.
  • On Tuesday, 10 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Bir Nibalah village, northwest of occupied East Jerusalem.
  • Bethlehem:
  • On Thursday, 05 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints near the intersection of al-Nashnash area, south of Bethlehem, and at the western entrance to Hosan villages.
  • On Friday, 06 March 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints near the intersection of al-Nashnash area, near ‘Aqbet Hasna area, and at the northern entrance to Taqou’a village.
  • Hebron:
  • On Thursday, 05 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Halhoul village and at the entrance to Ethna village.
  • On Friday, 06 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Shayyoukh and Beit Kahel villages.
  • On Saturday, 07 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Ethna village and on Wad al-Shajinah Road.
  • On Sunday, 08 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoint the northern and southern entrances to Hebron.
  • On Monday, 09 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints on Khelet al-Mai Road and at the entrance to Kharsa village.
  • On Tuesday, 10 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Ethna and Beit Kahel villages.
  • On Wednesday, 11 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp and at the northern entrance to Halhoul.

Nablus:

  • On Sunday, 08 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to “Homish” settlement, northwest of Nablus.

Jenin:

  • On Sunday, 08 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the south-eastern entrance to al-Zababda village, southeast Jenin. The stopped Palestinians vehicles and checked their IDs.

Tubas:

  • On Thursday, 05 March 2020, IOF stationed at al-Tayaseer checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Tubas tightened their arbitrary measures against civilians who cross the checkpoint and undergo thorough searches before being allowed to cross.
  • Qalqiliyah:
  • On Thursday, 05 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to ‘Azoun village and under the bridge of ‘Azoun village.
  • Tulkarm:
  • On Sunday, 08 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint between Sida and ‘Alar villages, north of the city.
  • Salfit:
  • On Sunday, 08 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Dir Balout and Kaful Hares villages.
  • Ramallah
  • On Saturday, 07 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Nabi Salah village and near ‘Atara village bridge, north of Ramallah.
  • On Sunday, 08 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to al-Nabi Salah village. They also closed the metal detector gate established on the main street leading to al-Jalazoun refugee camp for 2 hours.
  • On Monday, 09 March 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to al-Nabi Saleh and Dir Abu Mish’al villages, northwest of Ramallah.
  • Jericho:
  • On Thursday, 05 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Monday, 09 March 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.

Palestinians in Hebron’s Neighborhood Suffer Incessant Attacks by Settlers, Soldiers

Source

Residents of the souther Hebron neighborhood of al-Harika have suffered incessant soldier and military-backed settler harassment ever since the settlement of Kiryat Arba was built next door in 1972. In five months this year, we documented five such attacks. These and other cases previously documented by B’Tselem illustrate how fragile, exposed and unpredictable life is in the neighborhood. The intolerable living conditions created by Israel’s policy drive Palestinians to abandon homes and businesses in the neighborhood.

For more videos, click link: https://www.btselem.org/video/2019112…

שגרת כיבוש: תושבי שכונת אל-חריקה שבחברון סובלים יומם ולילה מתקיפות של מתנחלים וחיילים שכונת אל-חריקה נמצאת בחלקו הדרומי של מרכז העיר חברון (אזור H2) וגרים בה כ-3,000 תושבים פלסטינים. מאז הקמתה של ההתנחלות קריית ארבע בצמוד אליה בשנת 1972, סובלים תושבי אל-חריקה מהתנכלויות בלתי פוסקות של מתנחלים בחסות הצבא ושל חיילים. בחודשים יולי-נובמבר השנה תיעדנו חמש מהתקיפות הללו. אלה, כמו-גם מקרים שתיעד בצלם לאורך השנים מעידים עד כמה שבריריים, חשופים, ולא צפויים, הפכו חייהם של הפלסטינים בשכונה. מדיניותה של ישראל יוצרת מציאות חיים מייאשת ובלתי אפשרית עבורם וכך מובילה לנטישה של בתים ובתי עסק פלסטיניים. לסרטונים נוספים, לחץ על הקישור : https://www.btselem.org/hebrew/video/… روتين الاحتلال: سكّان حيّ الحريقة في الخليل يعانون ليلًا نهارًا من اعتداءات المستوطنين والجنود

Israel to ‘double’ number of settlers in al-Khalil with new project

Sunday, 01 December 2019 2:29 PM

Source

US Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-MN) (L) talks with Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) during a rally with fellow Democrats before voting on H.R. 1, or the People Act, on the East Steps of the US Capitol on March 08, 2019 in Washington, DC. (AFP photo)

A picture taken on December 1, 2019 shows the settlement of Negohot (R), located near the Palestinian village of Beit Awwa (L), in the Israeli-occupied West Bank. (By AFP)

Israel has announced a controversial plan to construct a new settlement in the heart of the West Bank city of al-Khalil (Hebron) that will purportedly accommodate as many settlers as are currently housed in the city.

Israel’s Minister for Military Affairs Naftali Bennett announced the decision on Sunday, saying he had ordered officials to notify the al-Khalil municipality of the decision to build the new Israeli settlement, which is planned to be constructed in a wholesale market complex.

The planned project will “double” the number of Israeli settlers in the city, Bennett said.

Al-Khalil (Hebron) is a flashpoint of clashes between Palestinians and Israeli settlers.

Hundreds of Israeli settlers, backed by tens of thousands of soldiers, occupy significant parts of the city center.

An Israeli settler looks over his flock as they feed in the West Bank village of Beit Awwa, southwest of al-Khalil (Hebron), on December 1, 2019. (Photo by AFP)

The Israeli settlers and forces harass the Palestinians in the city on an almost daily basis.

The announcement comes at a time of political turmoil in Israel, after general elections in April and September that ended in a deadlock. Neither Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu nor his main opponent has managed to secure a parliamentary majority.

Bennett’s New Right party is leaning heavily on settlers for support at the polls, as the prospects of a third snap election looms large.

More than 600,000 Israelis live in over 230 settlements built since the 1967 Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and East Jerusalem al-Quds.

The United Nations Security Council has condemned Israel’s settlement activities in the occupied territories in several resolutions. Less than a month before US President Donald Trump took office, in December 2016, the Council adopted Resolution 2334, calling on Israel to “immediately and completely cease all settlement activities in the occupied Palestinian territories, including East Jerusalem” al-Quds.

Palestinians want the West Bank as part of a future independent Palestinian state with East Jerusalem al-Quds as its capital.

Weekly report on israel’s terrorism on Palestinians (29 August – 04 September 2019)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (29 August – 04 September 2019)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (29 August – 04 September 2019)

Israeli violations of human rights in the occupied Palestinian territory 

29 August – 04 September 2019

 

  • Great March of Return in Eastern Gaza Strip: 1 Civilian killed and 93 others injured, including 33 children, a woman, 2 journalists, and a paramedic.

 

  • West Bank: 4 civilians injured, including a child and a human rights defender.

 

  • During 85 incursions into the West Bank: 91 civilians, including 8 children and 2 women, arrested

 

  • A Palestinian forced to self-demolish his house in the occupied East Jerusalem, while an under-construction mosque, a well and 2 agricultural rooms demolished in eastern Hebron.

 

  • 3 Israeli military orders to seize lands in eastern Bethlehem, and 3 attacks reported by settlers against Palestinian civilians and their property in the West Bank.

 

  • 5 shooting incidents reported against Palestinian fishing boats off Gaza shores.

                                                

  • 34 temporary checkpoints erupted in the West Bank, where 9 Palestinian civilians were arrested.

 

Summary

 

During the reporting period, PCHR documented 139 violations of the international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli forces and settlers in the occupied Palestinian territory.

As part of the Israeli violations of the right to life and bodily integrity, Israeli forces killed a Palestinian civilian and injured 93 Palestinian civilians, including 33 children, a woman, 2 journalists, and a paramedic, were injured at the Great March of Return in the Gaza Strip.  Meanwhile, 4 were injured in the West Bank, including a child and a human rights defender.

As part of the Israeli incursions and house raids, Israel carried out 85 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, and raided civilian houses, attacking and enticing fear among residents in addition to shooting in many incidents. As a result, 91 Palestinians were arrested, including 8 children and 2 women.  In the Gaza Strip, the Israeli forces carried out one limited incursion into the central Gaza Strip, and arrested 4 Palestinians who tried to infiltrate via the border fence.

Under the settlement expansion activities in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 7 violations, including forcing a civilian to self-demolish his house in Silwan village in Jerusalem under the pretext of non-licensing, and demolishing an udner-construction mosque, a water well and 2 agricultural rooms in Khelet al-Baqar in eastern Hebron.  Further, the Israeli forces issued 3 military orders to seize lands in eastern Bethlehem.  The settlers also carried out 3 attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property in the West Bank.

During the reporting period, the Israeli naval forces continued their attacks against the Palestinian fishermen and their equipment at sea though sailing within the allowed fishing area.  This week witnessed 5 shooting and chasing incidents against the fishermen and their boats.

In terms of the Israeli closure policy, it should be highlighted that Israel continues its closure of the Gaza Strip for the 14th consecutive year, severely restricting the freedom of movement of persons and goods and isolating the Gaza Strip from the West Bank and the rest of the world. Meanwhile, the West Bank is divided into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilians movement is restricted and others are arrested.

 

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity

 

  1. Excessive Use of Force against the Great March of Return in the Gaza Strip

The 72th Great March of Return took off in eastern Gaza Strip on Friday, 30 August 2019, titled In Commemoration of Our Martyrs.” As a result of the Israeli use of excessive force, a man was killed and 93 civilians injured, including 33 children, a woman, 2 journalists and a paramedic.

The incidents were as follows:

 

  • Northern Gaza Strip: At approximately 16:30 on Friday, 30 August 2019, hundreds of civilians marched towards the central tent of the Great March of Return (GMR) in Abu Safiyah area, northeast of Jabalia, north of the Gaza Strip. The protest involved activities such as national songs of the Palestinian heritage, speeches by political leaders in addition to raising the Palestinian flag. At approximately 17:00, Israeli forces stationed behind sand berms and in military vehicles along the border fence, fired live and rubber bullets as well as teargas canisters at the protesters. As a result, 29 of them were injured, including 13 children and a photojournalist: 20, including 6 children, were shot with live bullets and their shrapnel; 5, including 4 children, were hit with rubber bullets; and 4, including 3 children, were hit with tear gas canisters, including 2 children. The wounded photojournalist, Ibrahim Nasser Hussain Abu-Marsa (26), was shot in the chest with a rubber bullet. The wounded civilians were transferred via ambulances of the Ministry of Health and Union of Health Work Committees to the Indonesian and al-‘Awdah Hospitals. Medical sources classified their injuries between minor and moderate.
  • Gaza City: at approximately 16:30 on Friday, 30 August 2019, hundreds of civilians marched in eastern Malakah area, east of Gaza City. Speeches, theatrical performances and other segments were performed at the protest central encampment. Dozens of protestors approached the fence and threw stones with slingshots at Israeli soldiers. The soldiers fired live and rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, 7 were injured, including 4 children and a photojournalist: 3 with live bullets, 3 with rubber bullets and 1 with a tear gas canister. The wounded paramedic, Mohammed Ismail Sa’ed Abu Qadous (32) was hit with a rubber bullet to his right foot. The wounded photojournalist Ali Hassan Jadallah (29), sustained a rubber bullet to the head. Mr. Jadallah works for Anadolu News Agency.
  • Central Gaza Strip: at approximately 15:00, hundreds of civilians, including women, children and families, took part in the eastern Bureij refugee camp protests; tens of them gathered adjacent to the border fence at a range varying between 2 – 70 meters. at approximately 17:10, a  number of protestors raised the Palestinian flags, fired balloons and threw stones with slingshots at Israeli soldiers. The Israeli soldiers, reinforced with several military SUVs, fired live and rubber bullets in addition to teargas canisters at them. As a result, 10 civilians were wounded, including 2 children:7 were shot with live bullets and their shrapnel, 1 was shot with a rubber bullet and 2 were hit with tear gas canisters. before the protests were concluded at approximately 19:00, Israeli forces arrested 3 young men after crossing the border fence in eastern al-Buraij refugee camp.
  • Khan Younis:  hundreds Tens approached the border fence and attempted to throw stones, and firecrackers and raised Palestinian flags in addition to chanting national songs. Israeli forces fired live and rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at protesters, wounding 20 civilians, including 7 children: 12 received medical treatment on the spot, and 8 others, including 3 children, were transferred to hospitals. Bader Nabil Suleiman Abu-Mousa (24), from Khan Younis, was critically wounded with a live bullet to the head while present few steps from the main border fence. Abu Mousa was taken to the field medical point and then transferred to Gaza European Hospital where he stayed in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) until he was pronounced dead at approximately 11:00 on Saturday, 31 August 2019.
  • Rafah: hundreds participated in the eastern Shokah protests, where folklore shows, and speeches were held. Palestinian Minitry of Health honored Izz-al-Deen Samsoum (12) for volunteering with the medical crews during last week’s protest, and photojournalist Hidra al-Sharif who captured Samsoum in action. Dozens approached the border fence and threw stones at the shielded Israeli soldiers, who responded with live and rubber bullets and teargas canisters against the protestors. As a result, 27 civilians were injured, including 7 children and a PRCS paramedic. It was documented that 10 were hit with live bullets and their shrapnel, 14 were hit with rubber bullets and 3 were directly hit with tear gas canisters. The wounded paramedic was identified as: Ashraf Shafiq Hussain al-Khatib (41), shot in the back with a rubber bullet.
  1. Excessive Use of Force against Protests in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem
  • At approximately 13:30 on Friday, 30 August 2019, Palestinians from Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah launched their weekly peaceful protest and headed towards the village’s eastern entrance that has been closed by Israeli forces for the past 15 years in favor of “Kedumim” settlement. The demonstrators chanted national slogans demanding end of the occupation and protested the Israeli forces’ crimes against Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. The protestors threw stones at the Israeli soldiers stationed behind sand berms while the soldiers fired sponge-tipped bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 3 civilians, including an international human rights defender, were injured.
  • At approximately 18:00 on Wednesday, 04 September 2019, Palestinians from Zawata village square, west of Nablus launched a peaceful protest, called for by the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO). The protest headed to Eskan al-Oufuq Housing project in Ijnisinya and al-Naqura villages, northwest of the city, they protested the Israeli forces’ incursions to the area and their attempt to transfer it to a military training area. The participants raised Palestinian flags and chanted national slogans. When they approached the abovementioned area, Israeli soldiers stationed in the area entrance, on roadsides and behind their military vehicles, fired tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, a number of protestors suffocated due tear gas inhalation.
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 06:50 on Thursday, 29 August 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia shore in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and chased them. This attack recurred at approximately 12:10 on the same day. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 10:30 on Friday, 30 August 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and chased them. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 10:35 on Saturday, 31 August 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and chased them. The attack recurred at approximately 18:00 on the same day. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:00 on Monday, 02 September 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Jabalia shore in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and chased them. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Tuesday, 03 September 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and chased them. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; no arrests were reported.
  1. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 29 August 2019:

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Ezzah refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested Husein Jalal Masalmah (25) and Suleiman Abdul Karim al-‘Ajouz (24).
  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into several neighborhoods in Yatta, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested 10 civilians and took them to unknown destination.

(The names of the arrestees are available at PCHR)

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Ya’bud village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested 7 civilians, including a young man and his father namely: Yazan Ahmed Hamarshah (22), ‘Oqab Nafe’at (57), his son ‘Antar (20), As’ad ‘Essam QAniri (23), Mohammed Jihad Abu Baker (27), Mohammed Husein ‘Amarnah 928) and Abdullah Bassem ‘Obadi (25).
  • At the same time, Israeli forces moved into Surif village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to ‘Ala’a Mohammed Barath’eyah (36) and then arrested him.
  • At the same time, large Israeli forces moved into Nahalin village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mahmoud Mohammed Najajrah (14) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Thaheriyah village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to ‘Ezzat Mohammed Samamrah and then arrested his sons: Shadi (23) and ‘Ezzat (25).
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Yasser Darwish (38), Secretary of Fatah Movement in the village, and then arrested him. It should be noted that Darwish was arrested 3 times within 10 days on charge of organizing a summer camp in al-‘Issawiyah village sponsored and funded by the Palestinian Authority (PA).
  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into Beit Liqia village, southwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed ‘Atiyah ‘Asi (26) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Ram village, north of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Salah Eden Nasser Sa’edah (15) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 16:00, Israeli forces stationed at al-Karama border crossing with Jordan arrested Mariam ‘Ali Ahmed Abu ‘Obeid (30) while returning back from United Arab Emirates to Jenin.
  • Israeli forces carried out (3) incursions in Hebron and al-Samou’a village, south of the city; Sebastia village, northwest of Nablus. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 30 August 2019:

  • At approximately 02:00,Israeli forces moved into Halhoul, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to ‘Anan Yusuf Zama’rah (22) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces moved into Ni’lin village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Hasan Dabbous (30), a photojournalist, and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, Israeli soldiers stationed in eastern al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip, arrested 4 civilians while attempting to sneak through the border fence into Israel. The arrestees were identified as: Mahmoud Husni Salamah al-‘Oudat (25), Farij Farhan Ahmed Abu Thaher (28), Malek Hani Ibrahim Abu Mandil (28) and Ramadan Yusuf Suleiman Abu Ghulah (24); all of them are from al-Maghazi.
  • Israeli forces carried out (4) incursions in Surif and Beit ‘Awa villages in Hebron; ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqiliyah, and Kafel Hares village, north of Salfit. No arrests were reported.

                                           

Saturday, 31 August 2019:

  • At approximately 02:50, Israeli forces moved into Kuber village, north of Ramallah. Meanwhile, number of children and young men gathered and threw stones at them. The soldiers chased the protestors and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of young men sustained tear gas inhalation and fainted. Furthermore, another Israeli force raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested 2 children namely ‘Obaidah Khaldoun al-Barghuthi (17) and Nassrallah Ahmed Mesh’al (22). The Israeli forces incursion continued for 3 hours before they withdrew from the village.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli forces backed by 6 military construction vehicles moved about 100 meters from the border fence into east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip. The vehicles leveled lands and repaired the barbed wire along the border fence. The incursion continued until 15:40 on the same day after which the Israeli forces were redeployed along the border fence.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli authorities banned holding the Holy Family League in the playground of Burj Luq Luq Social Center Society  in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City claiming that its funded by the PA. Lawyer Mohanned Jbarah said to PCHR’s fieldworker that Israeli forces and Intelligence Service officers raided the society’s head office, forced the teams participating in the league to leave the playground, closed its doors and fixed the ban decision, signed by the Israeli Minister of Internal Security. Jbarah mentioned that Israeli forces arrested Nasser Ghaith, Head of Burj Luq Luq Society, and Montaser Edkedak, Director of the society, in addition to ‘Ala’a Jamjoum and Khaled al-Sayyad, coordinator of the League. In the evening hours, the arrestees were released on condition not access the society building for 5 days.
  • Israeli forces carried out (3) incursions in al-Fawar refugee camp, al-Majd and Tawas villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 01 September 2019

  • At approximately 00:30, Israeli forces established a temporary military checkpoint on Qalqiliyah – Nablus Street. They checked Palestinian civilians’ ID cards and then arrested Ra’ed Mohammed Qar’an (25), Tamer Saleh Qar’an (25) and Oseid Feras Abu Lebdah (26); all of them are from Qalqiliya.
  • At approximately 00:50 on Sunday, 03 September 2019, Israeli forces established a temporary military checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Kafer Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah, then arrested Bassem Hasan Barha (25), an officer at the Palestinian Preventive Security Service (PPS), and later released him.
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Kuber village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Abdul Karim Rajeh al-Barghuthi. Two soldiers pushed him; let a police dog attack him, wounding him in the foot. They then hand cuffed him and detained him in a room. Furthermore, the soldiers arrested Abdul Karim and his wife Wedad al-Barguthi (61), a lecturer in Birzeit University. It should be noted that on Saturday, 31 August 2019, Israeli forces arrested Abdul Karim’s son Karmel Abdul Karim al-Bargjuthi (29) at a military checkpoint while returning from Hebron to Kuber village.
  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Halhoul, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to ‘Aziz Habib Rushdi (16) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, an Israeli force moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Shadi Mohammed ‘Atiyah (18) and the arrested.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli soldiers, who deployed near al-Haram al-Ibrahimi in the center of Hebron’s Old City, arrested Abdul Hadi Mohammed Abu Suneinah (15) under the pretext of not obeying the soldier’s orders. Abu Suneinah was transferred to a police station in “Kiryat ‘Arba’” settlement, east of the city.
  • At approximately 23:20, Israeli forces established a checkpoint near Kafel Hares village (Ariel Square), north of Salfit. They checked Palestinian civilians ID cards and their vehicles and then arrested Ra’fat Marwan Yamin (22), from Jeet village, north of Qalqiliyah.
  • Israeli forces carried out (7) incursions in Hebron, al-Thaheriyah and Emrish villages in Hebron; Eskaka village, east of Salfit; Kafer al-Deek village, east of the city and Qalqiliyah. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 02 September  2019:

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Issawiyah, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested (8) civilians namely: Mahmoud ‘Abdul Ra’ouf Mahmoud (21); Fadi Mohammed Hussain Atiya (24); Ahmed Jamal Atiya (24); Ahmed Jihad Atiya (19); Ahmed Salah Dari (22); Mohammed Mohammed Muhaisen (21); Saleh Ahmed Dari (20); and Emad Taha Aburyala (23).
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Bethlehem, and stationed on al-Saf Street. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested ‘Ayyad Jamal al-Harimi (26) and Mohanned Jaber Matahen (23).
  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Yatta, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Yahiya Saleh al-Amour (35) and then arrested him.
  • At the same time, Israeli forces moved into Abu Dese village, east of occupied East Jerusalem, and stationed in al-Ras neighborhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ibrahim Mahmoud ‘Ariqat (20) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ghassan Mahmoud Abu Hashhash (40) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Surif village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Baha’a Youssef ‘Ar’ar (35) and then arrested him.
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Kharas village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Tha’er ‘Aziz Halahla (39) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Wad neighborhood, in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to Nour Salim al-Shalabi (21) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Hisham Mohammed Rajoub (60) and Mohammed Youssef Shaheen (34) and then arrested them.
  • At the same time, Israeli forces moved into Sangal village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Qusai Eyad Masalma (20), a student at Birzeit University, and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, Israeli soldiers established a temporary checkpoint at Bait Ummer village entrance, north of Hebron. They stopped and searched Palestinian vehicles, checked passengers’ ID cards and then arrested Nadeem Mohammed Sabarna (33).
  • Israeli forces carried out (6) incursions in Hebron, Nuba, Taffuh and Beit Kahel villages in Hebron; Hares village, north of Salfit; and Hablah village, south of Qalqiliyah. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 03 September 2019:

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into ‘Anabtah village, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested (5) civilians: Zaher ‘Amer Barakat (27), Banan Mansour Abu Daqer (22), Yazeed Tayseer ‘Abdul Dayem (21), Hasan Tayseer Fareed Aburaya (23), and Mohammed Saif Abu Asal (19).
  • At the same time, Israeli forces moved into Yatta, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Husein Harizat (50) and then arrested him anf his son Husein (21).
  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Kharsa, south of Dura, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Montaser ‘Essa Salem Shadidi (46) and then arrested him.
  • At the same time, Israeli forces moved into ‘Arqan ‘Awad area, west of Dura, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Yusuf Salem Qazaz (44) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Balatat al-Balad area, east of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Eyad Maher Mahmoud al-Adawi (24) and then arrested him.
  • At the same time, Israeli forces moved into ‘Arqan ‘Awad area in Hebron and stationed in al-Harayeq area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Suheib Mahmoud Fafisha (25) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Kafer al-Lubad village, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ehab Zeyad Mohammed Rajab (18) and then arrested him.
  • At the same time, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses after which they arrested 3 children namely: Wahid Hamdi Abu Maria (17), Qais Mohammed Kamel Abu Mariah (17) and Malek ‘Ayesh Kahlil Abu Maria (17).
  • At approximately 02:40, Israeli forces moved into ‘Alar village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a house belonging to Jamil Jamal Ja’ar (18) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Mohammed Moneer Kathem ‘Obeid (24) and Tareq Feras Mustafa (22).
  • Israeli forces conducted (10) incursions in Kuber, Beit Rema, al-Nabi Saleh, Deir Ghasanah and Birzeit villages in Ramallah; Dura, Tarqumiya and Taramh village in Hebron; Hares village, north of Salfit; and Hablah village, south of Qalqiliyah. No arrests were reported.

 

Wednesday, 04 September 2019:

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Yatta, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ahmed Omer Abu Sabhah (38) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into ‘Askar refugee camp, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mo’taz Marwan Fayez Abdul Jawad (28) and Rami Ayman Husein Abu Hdaib (25) and then arrested them.
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into ‘Askar refugee camp, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Abdul Qader Khalil Abdul Qader Qatnani (19) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Roujeb village, east of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Abdul Kareem Majed al-Halabi (44) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Taqou’a’ city, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Riyad Talal al-‘Amour (16); and Mousa Mahmoud al-‘Amour (19) and then arrested them.
  • Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Bethlehem and stationed in Jabal al-Mawaleh neighborhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Anas Isma’el Nawawrah (26) and then arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Barqa village, northwest of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Nafea’ Ahmed Salah (25) and then arrested him.
  • At the same time, Israeli forces moved into Sa’ir village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Hatem Tayeh Shalaldah (40) and then arrested him.

 

  • Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank including occupied East Jerusalem

 

  1. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities

 

 

  • At approximately 19:00 on Sunday, 01 September 2019, Ma’moun Jalajel implemented the Israeli Municipality decision to self-demolished and dismantled his commercial facility in al-Bostan neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Jalajel said that he forced to self-demolish his facility after the Israeli Municipality staff handed him an administrative demolition notice on Sunday morning, noting that he received a summons to refer to the municipality a month ago under the pretext of non-licensing. Jalajel said that he built his facility of tin plates 2 months ago, pointing out that the municipality office ordered him to completely demolish his 30-sqaure-meter facility.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Monday, 02 September 2019, Israeli forces backed by military construction vehicles and Israeli Municipality Officers moved into Khilet al-Bakar area in Eastern Hebron. The soldiers were deployed in the area while an under construction mosque (100 m²) and a water well (70 m³) were destroyed under the pretext of non-licensing. They also destroyed two agricultural rooms (60 m²) property of Bilal Elyan al-Rajbi.
  • On Wednesday, 04 September 2019, Israeli authorities issued three military orders to seize lands in Beit Jala city, Taqou’a and al-Rashida villages. According to Hasan Barijiyah, Head of the Wall and Settlement Resistance in Bethlehem, the first one ordered the seizure of lands, owned by Palestinians from Beit Jala and al-Khader village. He also highlighted that these orders fall under the Israeli settlement expansion schemes to overtake hundreds of dunums for construction on Bypass road (60), connecting Jerusalem to “Gush Etzion.“ He also mentioned that the second military order entailed seizure of lands in al-Rashyda village, east of Bethlehem, to expand “Ma’ale Amos” settlement; and the third one was to seize lands in Taqou’a village for the expansion of “Nokdim”
  1. Israeli Settler Violence

 

 

  • On Saturday, 31 August 2019, Israeli settlers attacked Ayman Khalil Sa’d, from Artas village in southern Bethlehem, while present in his land near “Gush Etzion“ settlement, south of the city. As a result, he sustained bruises and wounds in his face; he was transferred to Bethlehem Arab Society for Rehabilitation Hospital. Eyewitnesses said that a group of Israeli settlers, from “Gush Etzion“ settlement, attacked and severely beat Sa’d when he prevented them from entering his land, seized by Israel and currently considered part of the settlement.
  • At approximately 04:00 on Sunday, 01 September 2019, a group of Israeli settlers, from “Kochav Hashakher settlement, attacked a vehicle belonging to Rafiq Saleem Abu ‘Aliyia (33) with stones, damaging its structure. Moreover, the settlers attacked with stones other vehicles, causing fear among the vehicles’ owners and passengers.
  • On Tuesday, 03 September 2019, a group of Israeli settlers, under the Israeli forces’ protection, leveled lands in Wadi Makhrour area, west of Beit Jala, in order to build a settlement outpost in the area. Hasan Barijiyah, Head of the Wall and Settlement Resistance in Bethlehem, said that a group of Israeli settlers moved into Wadi Makhrour area, where they leveled lands and surrounded them with barbed wires. In addition, the settlers set up a generator and a mobile home in the area. Barijiyah added that the settlers’ attack paves the way for the Israeli authorities to seize dozens of Palestinians dunums in Beit Jalal. It should be noted that the Palestinian Ministry of Tourism & Antiquities issued a press release, highlighting that this attack is a violation of international law and conventions for the protection of heritage, in particular the Convention concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage of 1972, the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, the Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, and the 2001 UNESCO Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity.
  • At approximately 18:30 on Wednesday, 04 September 2019, a group of Israeli settlers, from “ Yatizhar“ settlement, which is established in the southern side of Madama village, south of Nablus, attacked the southern area of the village under the Israeli forces’ protection. The settlers burned herbs and damaged olive trees. The Palestinians did not know the number of trees damaged because they were denied access to their lands. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinians gathered and threw stones at the Israeli settler and soldiers, who fired gas canisters at them. As a result, Basam Wajeeh Yousef Qat (16) was wounded with a tear gas canister in his mouth and then taken to Rafidia Hospital in Nablus. Moreover, many of the village’s residents suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and were treated on the spot.

 

  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

                                  

The Gaza Strip

As the Israeli closure of the Gaza Strip enters its 14th consecutive year this July, severe restrictions on the freedom of movement of persons and goods enhance the de facto separation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Moreover, Israeli naval forces imposed a blockade, chased fishermen, opened fire at them, and confiscated their fishing equipment. During the reporting period, 5 shooting incidents and chasing fishermen and their boats were documented.

Note: No updates occurred on the state of the crossing during the reporting. On 01 September 2019, Israeli authorities declared the entry of fuel supply needed to operate the Gaza Power Plant, allowing the re-operation of the third generator that was shut down a few days ago. It should be noted that the Israeli authorities decreased the fuel supply to the Gaza Power Plant by half. The decision made by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netenyahu was in response to the firing of rockets towards Israel.

West Bank

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. Israeli forces established 34 temporary checkpoints, where 8 civilians were arrested. Moreover, a Palestinian woman was arrested while returning through King Hussein Bridge.

 

The military checkpoint were as follows:

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 29 August 2019, Israeli forces established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Sa’ir, Beit Ummer and al-Karmel villages.
  • On Friday, 30 August 2019, 2 similar checkpoints were established at the southern entrance to Hebron and at the entrance to Yatta.
  • On Saturday, 31 August 2019, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Sa’ir and Sureef villages.
  • On Sunday, 01 September 2019, 3 similar checkpoints were established at the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp, at the southern entrance to Halhoul village and at the entrance to Ethna village.
  • On Monday, 02 September 2019, Israeli forces established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp, at the southern entrance to Hebron, at the northern entrance to Halhoul village, and on Beit ‘Awaa village road.
  • On Tuesday, 03 September 2019, 2 checkpoints were established at the entrances to al-Dahiriyia and Ethna villages.

Ramallah and al-Bireh:

  • On Friday, 30 August 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Kherbitha al-Mosbah village, west of Ramallah.

 

  • On Saturday, 31 August 2019, Israeli forces established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Termas’iyia village, northeast of Ramallah; at the entrance to al-Nabi Saleh village; and at “Halmish“settlement square, northwest of the city.
  • On Sunday, 01 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Bierzit , north of Ramallah.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 29 August 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Friday, 30 August 2018, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to al-Jeftlik village, north of Jericho.

Nablus:

  • At approximately 16:30 on Thursday, 29 August 2019, Israeli forces closed with sand berms and rocks the southern entrance to Usreen village, south of Nablus. The Israeli forces claimed that Palestinian civilians threw stones at the Israeli vehicles while passing the mentioned road.
  • At approximately 19:00 on Monday, 02 September 2019, Israeli forces stationed at checkpoint of “Shavei Shomron” settlement, northwest of Nablus, obstructed the movement of Palestinian civilians’ vehicles until midnight.

Tulkarm:

  • At approximately 20:00 on Sunday, 18 August 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint under Jabara village bridge, south of Tulkarm.
  • Qalqiliyia:

 

  • At approximately 17:00 on Friday, 30 August 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village, east of Qalqiliyia.
  • At approximately 18:30 on Saturday, 31 August 2019, Israeli forces re-established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village, east of Qalqiliyia.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village, east of Qalqiliyia.
  • At approximately 00:30 on Sunday, 03 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint on Qalqiliyia-Nablus Road, where they checked Palestinians’ IDs and then arrested 3 civilians.
  • At approximately 00:50, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Kafur Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyia, and then arrested a civilian.

Salfit:

 

  • At approximately 18:00 on Thursday, 29 August 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Dir Ballout village, west of Salfit.
  • At approximately 23:45 on Friday, 30 August 2019, a similar checkpoint was established at the entrance to Qarawet Bani Hassan village, northwest of the city.
  • At approximateloy 23:20 on Sunday, 03 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint near Kaful Hares village, north of Salfit, where they checked Palestinians’ IDs and searched their vehicles. A civilian was arrested at the mentioned checkpoint.

Trump’s «Deal of the Century» Hasn’t a Hope of Bringing Peace

By Yehuda Shaul, The Guardian

Here in Jerusalem [al-Quds], we await publication of Donald Trump’s “deal of the century”, which is expected to be released in the coming weeks. The US president has promised it will bring an end to a century-long conflict between “Israelis” and our Palestinian neighbors.

But the Trump administration’s vision for peace looks doomed only to further entrench the occupation, as a recent remark from Jason Greenblatt, Trump’s Middle East peace envoy, demonstrated.

Greenblatt retweeted a picture posted by Uri Karzen, a leader in the “Israeli” settler community in the West Bank city of Hebron [a-Khalil]. The picture showed an Iftar celebration in Hebron [al-Khalil] attended by both “Israeli” settlers and a few Palestinians. “We are laying the groundwork for peace,” wrote Karzen. Greenblatt, in his retweet, commended the event: “Groundwork for peace indeed!” he wrote. “A wonderful example of what could be possible.”

As a former “Israeli” soldier who served in Hebron [al-Khalil], the largest Palestinian city in the West Bank, I can say first-hand that it is not a model of coexistence, but rather of segregation.

Hebron [al-Khalil] is home to about 230,000 Palestinians. But some 850 “Israeli” settlers live in the city’s heart. I served as one of 650 combat soldiers permanently stationed in the city in order to protect this small and insular group of settlers.

In 1994, Baruch Goldstein, from the adjacent “Israeli” settlement of Kiryat Arba, entered the Tomb of the Patriarchs in Hebron [al-Khalil] and opened fire on Palestinians during morning prayers, murdering 29 and injuring more than 100. Ostensibly to protect settlers from retaliation by Palestinians after the massacre, the army closed Shuhada Street, the city’s central road, as well as the vegetable, wholesale and meat markets. Closures intensified during the second intifada. In the years that followed, “Israeli” policies, including closures of main roads and markets, and settler and army violence made Palestinian life in the city unbearable, turning the once vibrant center into a ghost town.

It was against this backdrop in 2001-2003 that I found myself serving on the military patrol that accompanied engineers to weld shut the doors of Palestinian homes and shops on Shuhada Street, to close roads for Palestinian vehicular and pedestrian traffic, or turn them “sterile” in the parlance of the “Israel” Occupation Forces [IDF]. I can’t forget the graffiti I saw sprayed on some doors: “Arabs to the crematorium”, “Arabs out” or “Revenge” besides Stars of David.

That racism manifested itself in regular violence: settlers attacked Palestinian pedestrians or neighbors, sometimes even sending their children to do the same. As a soldier, I had orders not to intervene. We were there to protect the settlers, I was told, not the Palestinians.

I was not only a bystander to these events. Around the clock, my unit went on missions whose goal we were explicitly told was “to make our presence felt” in order to “create a feeling among the Palestinian population of being pursued”. During these missions, we would enter random Palestinian homes in the middle of the night, waking up sleeping families for the sole purpose of intimidation, or search random shops during daytime hours. These patrols were perhaps the most routine part of my service in Hebron.

In the years since I finished my military service, none of this has changed. Through my work with Breaking the Silence, an organization of “Israeli” veterans I co-founded that works to bring about an end to the occupation, I know that soldiers who served after me continue to this day to make their presence “felt” in all sorts of ways.

Though Greenblatt uses a joint settler-Palestinian Iftar to claim that we are on our path towards peace, that is meaningless when Palestinians still cannot walk on major roads in their biggest West Bank city. Is this the future Greenblatt dreams of for us? Settler violence is still rampant. The more than 100 physical movement obstacles set up by the army inside the city make routine movement a daily ordeal for thousands. Two different legal systems continue to exist in Hebron [al-Khalil], as is true throughout the West Bank – one for Palestinians [military law] and one for settlers [civil law].

The true objectives of more than half a century of “Israel’s” military occupation over the Palestinians are clearer in Hebron [al-Khalil] than anywhere else – to achieve Palestinian subjugation in a segregated and unequal reality.

If we were in 1950s Alabama, would Greenblatt say that a joint meal between white and black people was the way forward? Or would he recognize that the way to achieve equality is to end the legal system of discrimination and ensure the protection of equal rights? Hebron [al-Khalil] is no different – the only solution is the end to the occupation.

‘They have punished the victims’: Hebron struggles 25 years after Ibrahimi mosque massacre

zzat Karaki, centre, demonstrating with Youth Against Settlements for the reopening of Shuhada Street on 22 February 2019 (MEE/Megan Giovannetti)

The repercussions of the attack are still felt keenly by Palestinians in Hebron, who have seen their rights eroded and their formerly bustling city centre turn into a ghost town

By 

in

Hebron, occupied West Bank

“Since the massacre, everything changed.”

Jamal Fakhoury, 40, struggles to find the right words to describe his hometown.

With a furrowed brow and damp eyes, he utters: “Every day it’s a difficult life for Hebron.”

Fakhoury is reflecting on the Ibrahimi mosque massacre – the 25th anniversary is on Monday – and its impact on the southern occupied West Bank city.

On 25 February 1994, a Jewish-American settler named Baruch Goldstein opened fire on Palestinian worshippers inside the Ibrahimi mosque – also known as the Tomb of the Patriarchs – in the centre of the Old City of Hebron.

We are not humans at all. We are numbers

– Izzat Karaki, activist with Youth Against Settlements

Goldstein killed 29 men in an instant, and injured well over 100 more. Six other Palestinians were killed by Israeli security forces in the ensuing chaos.

Although it is the biggest city in the West Bank, Hebron’s residents are interconnected in almost every way through its cultural and family structures. Nearly every citizen has ties to the Ibrahimi mosque massacre through some relative, friend or neighbour.

“A settler from the US came and killed Palestinians,” Izzat Karaki, a 29-year-old activist with the Palestinian-led group Youth Against Settlements (YAS), said exasperatedly. “And after that they punish us, the victims.”

Beyond mourning for the lives lost, the attack has also affected the people of Hebron – and its generations to come – in a profound and structural way.

Full of life

“Before the massacre, I felt something like peace in the old city,” Fakhoury recalls.

He is from the Old City and still resides there, just around the corner from Shuhada Street and the mosque.

Along some two kilometres, Shuhada Street is tightly packed with shops sitting below several-storey high homes. The road leads directly to the Ibrahimi mosque and once stood as the heart of the Old City.

Munir, 65, owns a shop directly across from the mosque that remains open to this day. He likes to show laminated pictures to passing tourists of the bustling Shuhada Street back in its heyday, brimming with cars and people.

Munir shows a photo of Shuhada Street in the days before the massacre, back when the road was the bustling centre of Hebron (MEE/Megan Giovannetti)
Munir shows a photo of Shuhada Street in the days before the massacre, back when the road was the bustling centre of Hebron (MEE/Megan Giovannetti)

He does point out that the First Intifada, which started in 1988, only ended in 1993, five months before the massacre. “The six years of the Intifada were really not a normal time,” he said, pointing out that the area around the mosque “was part of the ‘playground’ where the Intifada took place”.

But, he explains, “before, this area was full of life”.

“We used to have four people working in this place,” Munir continues, showing the shop where he is standing. “Today, it is me alone and I am also taking care of two stores which belong to my neighbours.”

Collective punishment

“After the massacre, the mosque was closed for six months, and they [Israeli forces] closed Shuhada Street,” Karaki tells MEE.

For nearly three months, Karaki said, Palestinian residents of Hebron lived under an Israeli-imposed curfew while military checkpoints were built in the Old City – checkpoints that are still present today.

The aftermath of the Ibrahimi mosque massacre Hebron on 25 February 1994 (AFP)
The aftermath of the Ibrahimi mosque massacre Hebron on 25 February 1994 (AFP)

When the Tomb of the Patriarchs and the surrounding area was reopened to the public, the religious site had now been divided into two – a synagogue on one side, a mosque on the other.

Palestinians were no longer allowed to drive cars in the area, Munir says, and the number of Israeli soldiers and cameras around the Ibrahimi mosque dramatically increased.

The post-massacre changes made to the city were in a lot of ways a preface to the dramatic transformation that the Hebron Protocol was to create three years later.

The 1997 agreement between the Israeli government and the Palestine Liberation Organisation divided the city into two areas: Palestinian Authority-controlled H1 and Israeli military-controlled H2.

In H2, making up nearly 20 percent of Hebron, some 40,000 Palestinians currently live under Israeli military law, while the 800 Israeli settlers in H2 are ruled by Israeli civil law.

“Animals here have rights more than us,” Karaki exclaims. “Any cat, any dog can go to Shuhada Street. But me? I cannot.”

“Why? What did I do? We are not human at all.”

In the wake of the Hebron Protocol, shops were permanently closed in H2, and many Palestinians were driven out of their homes, many of whom “by military order”, Karaki explains.

The harsh living conditions and restricted freedom of living and movement in H2 drove many Palestinians out – turning the bustling city centre into a ghost town.

“We are talking about 1,827 shops closed and 140 apartments empty,” Karaki adds.

There are currently 20 permanent checkpoints inside the city of Hebron, dominating Palestinians’ lives with curfews and indiscriminate closures.

It is now necessary to go through two separate checkpoints just to enter the Ibrahimi mosque.

“When I go to my home every day they check my ID,” Fakhoury says, “I wait 20 minutes behind the checkpoint near the mosque.”

“If you don’t have your ID you are not allowed to get in or to pass through the checkpoint,” Karaki concurs. “We are not humans at all. We are numbers.”

Monitoring group expelled

The massacre led to the creation of the Temporary International Presence in Hebron (TIPH), an international organisation meant to monitor the situation in the city and document violations of international law and human rights.

In its 22-year-long presence, TIPH filed more than 40,000 incident reports – many of which Karaki says the Palestinians Authority can take to the International Criminal Court.

Jamal Fakhoury waits in line at one of 20 Israeli army checkpoints in H2 (MEE/Megan Giovannetti)
Jamal Fakhoury waits in line at one of 20 Israeli army checkpoints in H2 (MEE/Megan Giovannetti)

But last month, the Israeli administration refused to renew TIPH’s mandate, forcing it out of the city.

Fakhoury, like many Palestinians in the Old City, enjoyed TIPH and felt safe with its monitors’ presence.

“I think it will be difficult now with no one watching the problems,” Fakhoury says. He fears things “will get worse, because the Israeli government doesn’t like to tell people what is happening here”.

There are currently four Israeli settlements inside the city of Hebron – Avraham Avino, Beit Romano, Tel Rumeida, Beit Hadassah – all established well before the 1994 massacre.

But since the expulsion of Palestinian from H2, it has become easier for Israelis to occupy Palestinians homes.

“Usually settlers focus on the empty houses,” Karaki explains. “Where there is an empty house, they occupy it and change it from a Palestinian (home) to a settlement.”

With TIPH gone, Palestinians fear that they will witness an increase in both settlement expansion and settler violence.

“When I go to my home I need to protect myself, protect my home,” Karaki says.

Citing the Fourth Geneva Convention as an example, he says: “On paper, soldiers are here to protect me like they protect settlers. But unfortunately, we see something different.”

Hope for the future?

YAS has stepped in recently to fill in the void left by TIPH. Its activists walk around the Old City most mornings, monitoring settler activity and protecting Palestinian children on their walk to school.

On Friday, YAS organised its 10th annual “Open Shuhada Street” demonstration to denounce the ongoing situation in Hebron – just like every year in the past quarter century. Israeli forces reportedly fired tear gas and rubber-coated steel bullets at demonstrators, injuring at least two Palestinians, including a 13-year-old boy.

“Here, nothing changes,” Munir says. “It’s the same year after year after year.”

But despite the grim circumstances, Karaki says it is important for him as an activist to keep fighting with a purpose.

“Often people are shocked when I say if there is a tomorrow, there is hope,” he says.

But his optimism is dampened by what he and all Palestinians in Hebron have witnessed for years.

“Usually when tomorrow comes, it only gets worse.”

This article is available in French on Middle East Eye French edition.

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