Apartheid from the Sea to the River

By Jeremy Salt

Source

BTselem apartheid Israel Palestine Latuff 46b11

B’Tselem’s description of Israel an apartheid state is valuable because B’Tselem, Israel’s leading human rights organization, is saying it.  Otherwise, the reaction should be of course it is. B’Tselem applies the word to all of Palestine and not just the remaining territories seized in 1967.  Again, of course it should.  Structural discrimination against the Palestinians is built into every level of government except elections,  which allows Israel repeatedly to tell the world that it is the only democracy in the Middle East, as if the ballot box is the only measure of democracy, blurring the reality unless people take a close look.

Israel and the policy of apartheid were born in the same year, 1948,  Israel as a colonial-settler declared unilaterally over occupied Palestine on May 15 and apartheid as the election-winning policy of South Africa’s National Party on May 26. On December 9 the same year, the UN General Assemby adopted the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.  

The convention describes genocide as acts intended to destroy “in whole or part” a national,  ethnical, racial or religious group.   There is no other way to describe Israel’s intentions in 1948.  Hundreds of Palestinian villages were razed and about 800,000 people driven out of their native land to make way for European settlers.   As for why they had to go there are two reasons:   they were not Jews,  and they were living in a land the zionists wanted to turn into a Jewish state.   

The occupation of the rest of Palestine in 1967 and the military, economic and pseudo-legal weapons used to suffocate the Palestinians in Gaza, the West Bank and East Jerusalem ever since are no more than an extension of what began in 1948.

B’tselem’s declaration revives the debate over whether zionism is a ‘racist’ ideology.  For the victims of racism in other colonized countries,  of course it is. Only in the imperial ‘west,’ with its own long history of racism, occupation and massacre, could the question even arise. 

In fact, racism has been in zionism’s DNA ever since Herzl talked of “spiriting” the Palestians out of their land to make way for a Jewish state.   How to get rid of them was the central consideration of the Zionist planners who followed him.

Everything evil committed against the Palestinians since 1948 speaks to the historical racism of the zionist enterprise.  You don’t treat people with the brutality that has accompanied the zionist march through history if you think they have the same rights as you do. Your soldiers, police and settlers do not kill or massacre people if they think they have the same right to life as they do.

Your state doesn’t create different laws and different rights if it thinks all people should have the same rights and live under the same laws. The state does not give a false right of return to Jews wherever they live and deny the genuine right of return of Palestinians. The state does not declare that the state is the state of the Jewish people and not the state of  its citizens,  Jewish or not.  

On November 10, 1975, the UN General Assembly passed resolution 3379,  describing zionism “as a form of racism and racial discrimination.” The word ‘race’ has no basis in science but everyone knows what it means in practice:   discrimination against specific groups on the basis of religion, ethnicity or skin color.  The Israeli ambassador,  Chaim Herzog,  was so enraged when the resolution was passed (72-35 with 32 abstentions) that he tore up his printout.

The passage of this resolution led to an immediate counter-attack by Israel, supported by the US and other governments.   As always, the bludgeon used was anti-semitism, with the US, from behind the scenes, prodding governments that had voted for the resolution to change their minds.  The tactics worked. On December 16,1991, the General Assembly revoked the resolution in resolution 46/86, passed 111-25 with 13 abstentions and 15 absentees.

Daniel Moynihan, the US ambassador at the UN and a zionist diehard, commented before 3379 was revoked that the UN “is about to make anti-semitism international law.” Of course, the resolution had nothing to do with anti-semitism but was born of the growing need to expose the ideology of a state which even by then had wrought massive destruction in the Middle East.

On the basis of  the commitments it had made to respect UN principles,   Israel was accepted as a UN member (Resolution 273, May 11, 1949), the General Assembly having resolved  that Israel “is a peace-loving State which accepts the obligations contained in the charter and is able and willing to carry  out those obligations.”  The next day it signed a protocol accepting resolution 194 (III) of 1948, setting out the basic rights of the Palestinians, including the right of return to their homeland, and the preservation of their property.

Nothing could have been further from the truth. Even at the time Israel was not “peace loving”: in hindsight the phrase is grotesque.  Neither did Israel have any intention of abiding by the commitments it had made to the Palestinians whom it had ethnically cleansed.  They would never be allowed to return. 

As for their property,  Israel was asked to suspend its ‘’Emergency Applications on Absentee Property’’ until a final peace settlement could be reached.  It responded that the so-called “custodian of absentee property” was acting only as a trustee for the owners,  “whose property is being administered in their interests.” 

This was a blatant lie. The “absentee property” was already being distributed among settlers old and new. It included village and town houses and a mass of agricultural land which had Chaim Weizmann, the state’s first president, in absolute raptures.  So much of it, and all of it acquired at absolutely no cost:

“ … about five million dunums of land [1.235 million acres] at least which could be taken under the plough almost at once,  but we have not yet got the people. In the district between Ramleh and Latrun there are about two milion dunums of the best land in Palestine for which, if we had to buy it, we would have to pay at least LP [Palestine pounds] per dunum and as you know, one could never buy land between Ramleh and Latrun. Now it is all free, overgrown with weeds and it is very doubtful whether the Arabs will ever come back to work it. Eveybody seems to think they have gone for good.”

This master dissembler knew perfectly well that Israel had no intention of allowing  ‘the Arabs’ back,  and as for a land “overgrown with weeds,” it was fertile and intensively worked by Palestinian farmers.

Everything the owners of “absentee property” had left behind was destroyed or stolen, down to furniture and small household items. The houses left standing were handed over to settlers,  senior zionist figures taking some of the best for themselves. 

An additional category was added to the list of absentees. These were the “present absentees” who fled from one part of Palestine to another during the fighting.   They were not allowed back to their original place of residence and their property was stolen too.

The lies told by Israel to secure UN membership were followed by the serial violations of Palestinian rights and international law along the spectrum of human rights which have continued to the present day. 

This being the case,  the rules of the club should surely prevail.  Anyone who joins a club and refuses to abide by the rules is usually warned once, warned twice,  suspended on the third offence and then thrown out if it still ignores the conditions of membership.  

Israel was admitted to the club on the basis of a false application.  It then refused to obey the rules, not once, twice or thrice but thousands of times but is still allowed to remain a member. 

Without the protection of the US, the UN General Assembly almost certainly would have voted for suspension of Israel decades ago and then ejection if it still refused to comply.   Thanks to the US, however, not only does  Israel remain a member but it is never punished for its crimes.

Noam Chomsky has described Israeli apartheid as “much worse” than South African apartheid. On the basis of the number of people who have died as a result of Israel’s racist policies, there is actually no comparison.

Under an apartheid government,  South African police, soldiers and white settlers beat, tortured and killed Africans.  Israeli police, soldiers and settlers do the same to Palestinians but whereas the worst state massacres in apartheid South Africa were Sharpeville (March 21, 1960), when police killed 69 people and wounded 180 others demonstrating against the pass laws,  and Soweto (June 16, 1976),  when at least 176 students (estimates are as high as 700) demonstrating against having to learn Afrikaans were killed,  the victims of Israel’s massacres run into the tens of thousands. 

This state of affairs will continue as long as the “international community” refuses to punish Israel for violation of the laws it has passed to protect human rights and preserve global peace.  Such punishment would be imposed through suspension from the UN and the suspension by governments of diplomatic and trade relations with Israel, but as long as it does not have to pay for its crimes and its contempt for international law it will see no reason to change.   As long as it refuses to change, it will remain a threat to Middle Eastern regional and global peace.

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine 31 December 2020 – 06 January 2021

Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine
31 December 2020 – 06 January 2021
  • Palestinian man killed near “Gush Etzion” Junction, southern Bethlehem, in an alleged stab attack
  • IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem: 30 Palestinians wounded, including 4 children and a paramedic
  • 9 IOF shootings reported at Palestinians and agricultural lands, and 3 times at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 79 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 58 civilians arrested, including 11 children
  • Wide-scale land razing in the West Bank and 4050 trees uprooted; Bethlehem lands’ confiscation decision ratified
  • Occupied East Jerusalem: one house received evacuation order; 6 walls, a water well and a barracks demolished
  • Settler-attacks in the West Bank: 300 trees uprooted; civilians and their properties assaulted
  • IOF established 56 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 2 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints




Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians that are mostly conducted after midnight and in the early morning hours. This week witnessed an escalation in settler attacks, mainly stone throwing at civilian houses and vehicles in the West Bank. Additionally, IOF demolitions of Palestinian homes and properties continued as part of Israel’s de facto annexation and under various pretexts in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

This week, PCHR documented 189 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

IOF killed one Palestinian and wounded 30 civilians, including 4 children and a paramedic in excessive use of force in the West Bank: ‘Ahed ‘Abed al-Rahman Mahmoud Qawqas Ekhlayl (25) from Hebron was killed on 05 January 2021 near “Gush Etzion” Junction in the southern parts of Bethlehem. IOF alleged the victim attempted to stab Israeli soldiers. Moreover, IOF wounded 14 Palestinians, including a child and a paramedic, in its oppression of a peaceful protest in Deir Jarir – Ramallah; 8 others sustained wounds in IOF attack on Kafr Qaddum weekly protest in Qalqilya; another child was injured in IOF attack on another protest in northern Qalqilya; and three sustained wounds, including a father and son, near the Annexation Wall in Jenin. Also, another Palestinian from Hebron was shot from a close distance by Israeli soldiers without any threat to their security; his injury resulted in complete paralysis.

In the Gaza Strip, 9 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands, and three times at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 79 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 58 Palestinians were arrested, including 11 children.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Khan Younis.

Demolitions:

PCHR documented 9 incidents, including:

  • Occupied East Jerusalem: house floor self-demolished; evacuation decision issued against a house in Silwan; 6 walls, a well and a barracks were demolished in Anata.
  • Nablus: construction vehicle detained in Rujeib.
  • Salfit: 550 trees razed in Biddya; 300 dunums razed and 3500 trees uprooted in Deir Ballut.
  • Bethlehem: Israel ratifies land confiscation for settlement expansion; agricultural room demolished in al-Khader.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 16 settler-violence incidents:

  • Salfit: 300 trees uprooted, and a notice of land confiscation placed; sand and blocks put in a land in Deit Ballut.
  • Nablus: attacks on the streets and stones thrown at vehicles passing by the entrance of “Homesh” settlement; assaults with stones on civilian houses in Huwara where a Palestinian woman sustained wounds; attacks on Ramallah – Nablus road damaging a journalist’s vehicle; al-Khan area assaulted and an attempted confiscation of the area.
  • Qalqilya: attacks and stone throwing on the main street near Kafr Qaddum.
  • Hebron: civilians and farmers assaulted in southern Yatta.
  • Bethlehem: sewage water flooded lands in Husan village on wide-scale.

 Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

      I. Shootings and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity
  • At approximately 13:45 on Thursday, 31 December 2020, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Abu Safiyia area, northeast of Jabalia refugee camp in northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at the border area; no causalities or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 15:45, IOF stationed in the memorial site, southeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at the border area, causing fear among Palestinian farmers; no causalities or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 01:40 on Friday, 01 January 2021, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. Meanwhile, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stoned and empty bottles at Israeli vehicles. Israeli soldiers stepped out of the military vehicles, stationed between residential houses and fired teargas canisters and sound bombs at stone-throwers. As a result, many of Palestinian young men suffocated due to teargas inhalation. Clashes continued until 03:00 and IOF withdrew later; no raids to houses were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00, a peaceful protest took off in front of Beit Dajan village council, east of Nablus, north of the West Bank, at the call of the villagers and with the participation of the National Action Factions in Nablus, towards lands under the threat of confiscation, east of the village. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers, annexation wall and deal of the century. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. The protestors chanted slogans again against the Israeli occupation and settlers. IOF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, many protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 11:30, a peaceful protest took off in front of Deir Jarir village council, northeast of Ramallah, in the center of the West Bank, at the call of the villagers and with the participation of the National Action Factions in the area, towards lands under the threat of confiscation and in protest to the establishment of new settlement outposts in al-Shurfa area, where Israeli settlers set up a tent and conducted excavation works on the village’s agricultural lands. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers, annexation wall and deal of the century. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. The protestors performed the Friday prayer on the lands under the threat of confiscation while Israeli soldiers surrounding them. Following the Friday prayer, the protestors chanted slogans again against the Israeli occupation and settlers. IOF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, 14 protestors, including a paramedic and a child, were wounded; 2 were shot with rubber bullets, while the rest sustained teargas canisters shrapnel wounds and received treatment on the spot. The wounded were:
  • The paramedic Ahmed Mohammed ‘Alawi (25), shot with a rubber bullet in his foot;
  • A 20-year-olf male, shot with a rubber bullet in his head.

Both of them were taken to Silwad Medical Center for treatment. Also, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.

  • Around the same time, a group of Palestinian young men gathered in the eastern outskirts of Kafr Malik village, near ‘Ein al-Samiyia area, northeast of Ramallah. The Palestinian young men threw stones at IOF stationed at the entrance to ‘Ein al-Samiyia area, which is closed with sand berms. IOF fired heavy sound bombs and teargas canister at the stone-throwers and chased them between agricultural fields. As a result, many stone-throwers suffocated due to teargas inhalation; no arrests among them were reported.
  • At approximately 12:30, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinian young men. IOF chased Palestinian young men gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, 8 protestors, including 2 children, were shot with rubber bullets and another protestor was shot with a teargas canister.
  • At approximately 13:30, Haroun Rasmi Yousef Abu ‘Arram (23), was shot with a live bullet in his neck from the left side by an Israeli soldier when he attempted to prevent IOF from confiscating an electric generator in Kherbet al-Rakiz, east of Yatta city, south of Hebron. According to investigations conducted by PCHR’s fieldworker, at approximately 13:00 on Friday, 01 January 2021, IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet al-Rakiz, east of Yatta City, south of Hebron, and stationed near Ashraf Khalil Abu ‘Arram’s (39) house. The Israeli Civil Administration officers raided and a searched a cave, where Abu ‘Arram lives, in addition to a tin-plate barrack used for breeding livestock.

The Israeli Civil Administration officers confiscated an electric generator and other tools. When Abu ‘Arram attempted to stop them, an Israeli Civil Administration officer beat him with a gun butt in the left side of his head , pushed him to the ground and kicked him in his back and abdomen. In the meantime, Rasmi Yousef Abu ‘Arram, who lives 150 meters away, arrived at the area and intervened to prevent the Civil Administration officers from confiscated the electric generator, but they assaulted him and pushed him to the ground. Meanwhile, Haroun’s brother also arrived at the area on the same time and attempted to help his father and withdraw the generator. The hand-to-hand combat continued for 3 minutes, during which, an Israeli soldier fired 2 live bullets from 2 meters distance; a live bullet wounded Haroun in his neck, so he fell on the ground. Haroun’s mother and father started to scream, meanwhile, Ashraf quickly drove his relative vehicle in order to take Haroun to a medical center in Yatta city. In the meantime, an Israeli soldier opened fire at the vehicle and punctured its rear tires. Al-Tawana villagers arrived at the area and IOF fired live bullets at them, forcing them to flee. The al-Tawana villagers managed to take Haroun via a vehicle which passed on al-Tawana village road. When they arrived at al-Karmil village intersection, Israeli soldiers attempted to stop them, but the vehicle’s driver did not obey the soldiers’ orders. Haroun arrived at a medical center in al-Karmil village, where he received first aid. After that, Haroun was transferred via an ambulance to Abu al-Hasan al-Qasem Hospital in Yatta city and was admitted to the emergency department at 15:30. The doctors stopped the bleeding and referred him to al-Ahli Hospital in Hebron, where he was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). According to medical sources at al-Ahli Hospital, Haroun was shot with a live bullet in the left side of his neck, causing fractures and laceration in his backbone. Haroun’s four limbs are paralyzed.

  • At approximately 14:25, IOF stationed at “Eyal Crossing”, which is established in northern Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinian young men. IOF chased the young men, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canister at them; a 15-year-old child was shot with a rubber bullet in his right foot.
  • At approximately 20:10, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Islamic Shuhada Cemetery, and off Abu Safiyia area in eastern and northeastern Jabalia refugee camp, opened sporadic fire at the border area and fired flare bombs in the sky; no causalities or material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 06:00 on Sunday, 03 January 2021, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis, opened fire at agricultural lands, east of Khuzaʽa village; no causalities were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Sinjil village, north of Ramallah, and stationed in the western neighborhood. IOF pushed Maher Ahmed ‘Awashrah (10) while he was on his way to the market. As a result, he sustained bruises in his back and neck and received treatment in a medical center in Turmus Ayya village.
  • At approximately 20:25, Israeli gunboats stationed off Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, and off al-SudaniyiaShore, west of Jabalia refugee camp, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 2 nautical miles, opened heavy fire around them and fired flare bombs in the sky, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00 on Monday, 04 January 2021, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Tulkarm, chased stone-throwers and fired sound bombs at them. IOF also raided Dr. Thabet Hospital at 03:10 and fired sound bombs in the hospital, under the pretext that the stone-throwers were hiding there, causing fear among patients, their companions and medical staff. The Palestinian Ministry of Health stated that IOF raided the mentioned hospital and fired 4 sound bombs inside it; a sound bomb in the reception and 3 others in the emergency yard, causing fear and panic among the patients, especially children and elderlies. The ministry emphasized that 81 patients are receiving treatment at the hospital, including 10 premature babies in the nursery department, 5 children in the pediatrics department, 7 patients in the ICU, 13 patients in the obstetrics department, in addition to 39 medical and health staff.
  • At approximately 03:20, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Aqabat Jaber refugee camp, southwest of Jericho. IOF were deployed in the camp and patrolled its streets. During which, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at IOF, who fired sound bombs, teargas canisters, rubber bullets at the protestors and clashed with them. As a result, a 19-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his leg, and a 23-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his thigh. Both of them were taken to Jericho Governmental Hospital.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Maghazi and Bureij refugee camps, in the center of the Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands; no causalities were reported.
  • At approximately 07:30, Israeli gunboats stationed off Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, opened heavy fire around them, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:50, Israeli gunboats stationed off Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles, opened heavy fire around them, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed near the annexation wall, near al-Mariha and Daher al-‘Abed villages, west of Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, opened fire at Palestinian workers who attempted to enter Israel via the annexation wall halls. As a result, 3 civilians, including a father and his son, were wounded and taken to Dr. Khalil Suliman Governmental Hospital in Jenin.
  • Around the same time, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into al-Dawara area, east of Sa’ir village, north of Hebron. IOF were deployed between residential houses. After that, they indiscriminately fired sound bombs at Palestinians’ houses, under the pretext that they were exposed to stone-throwing. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation. At 20:30, IOF withdrew from the village.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF indiscriminately fired teargas canisters at Palestinians’ houses in al-Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, under the pretext that a military watchtower established adjacent to the camp’s entrance was exposed to stone-throwing. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 23:45, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, southeast of Beit Hanoun, east and northeast of Jabalia refugee camp, opened heavy fire at border area; no causalities or damage were reported.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Tuesday, 05 January 2021, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched ‘Abed al-Rahman Mohammed Jawabra’s (62) house in ‘Ereq al-Latoun area and withdrew later. No arrests were reported. During IOF withdrawal from the village, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at IOF vehicles. A number of Israeli soldiers stepped out of the vehicles and fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at the stone-throwers. At approximately 03:00, IOF withdrew from the village.
  • At approximately 11:00, dozens of Palestinians and foreigner activists organized a peaceful protest in lands under the threat of confiscation in al-Jomjoma area, east of Halhul city, north of Hebron. The activists brought olive seedlings and planted them. Meanwhile, IOF arrived at the area and fired teargas canisters and sound bombs at the protestors. As a result, many protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation. IOF also uprooted the olive seedlings, declared the area as a closed military zone and threatened to arrest anyone present in the area. It should be noted that the protest was organized after an Israeli settler set up a tent in al-Jomjoma area a week ago.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF stationed near “Gush Etzion” intersection, south of Bethlehem, killed ‘Ahed ‘Abed al-Rahman Mahmoud Qawqas Ekhlayl (25), from Hebron, with several live bullets under the pretext that he attempted to carry out a stabbing attack. IOF stated that Ekhlayl approached a checkpoint, where a number of Israeli soldiers stationed, in front of “Gush Etzion” petrol station, and carried an ax. IOF also claimed that when they ordered him to stop, he refused, so IOF opened fire at him. IOF in its statement stated that: “ there was an attempt to carry out a stabbing attack near “Gush Etzion” intersection, and the suspect was neutralized.” In addition, Israeli media claimed that another young man was accompanied Ekhlayl, but he managed to escape. It should be noted that Israeli authorities did not publish any video to prove their claims or to show the threat that Ekhlayl posed to the soldiers, especially that “Gush Etzion” intersection is a fortified area, full of advanced surveillance cameras and military watchtowers, and settlement guards are heavily deployed in it. Israel Hayom Newspaper published that the settlement guard opened fire at Ekhlayl. PCHR’s staff continue to investigate the incident, as no Palestinian eyewitnesses were available so far.
  • PCHR also notes that the soldiers could use less lethal force against Ekhlayl such as wounding or arresting him instead of killing him, because he was walking on his feet and did not have a firearm. Following the incident, IOF closed the main street (367), which connects between Bethlehem and Hebron, and established many checkpoints in “Gush Etzion” intersection, causing jam traffic. It should be noted that Ekhlayl was a resident of Safa area in Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, and he had opened a sweets shop in the village less than a month ago. IOF summoned his father and uncles to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service “Shin Bet” for investigation.
  • At approximately 14:35 on Tuesday, 05 January 2021, IOF stationed in (16) military site, northeast of Beit Hanoun village, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds who approached the fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee; no causalities or damage were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on Monday, 04 January 2021, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Bureij refugee camp, in the center of the Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 04:00 on Wednesday, 06 January 2021, IOF moved into Aqabat Jaber refugee camp, southwest of Ramallah. They were deployed between residential houses. In the meantime, a group of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at IOF, who chased the stone-throwers and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, a 20-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his foot and was treated on the spot. Also, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 14:35, IOF stationed in a military site (16), northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds who approached the fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. No casualties of material damage were reported.




       II. Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 31 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Qalqilya and Kafr Thulth, east of Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Fo’ad Na’eem Jitawi (22), and Omar Ayman Shawahna (19).
  • At approximately 02:55, IOF moved into Nur Shams refugee camp and Anabta village, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Oday Samer Jaber (23), who is a former prisoner, Sa’eed Izzat Jaber (22), and Ahmed Tareq al-Nimri (20).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Dheesha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians after beaten them. The arrestees are: Ibrahim Munir Arafa (26), Haidar Izzat Abu Dayya (23), and Ahmed Tawfiq Tayeh (33).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Saf street in Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ahmed Rebhi al-Haremi’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah, and stationed at al-Iskan street. They deployed between civilians’ houses, while dozens of soldiers stormed a 4-storey building, included 6 apartments, and stormed and searched Omar Abdul Raheem al-Barghouthi’s (29) apartment, which is in the ground floor, and arrested him. IOF also raided and searched the houses of Ali al-Ka’ba and Mohannad al-Rayyan.

Haya al-Barghouthi, Omar’s cousin, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:

My husband and I woke up to loud noise in our building; we went out of our apartment to see a number of the Israeli soldiers and border guards in the third floor with the building owner, Shadi. They were shouting loudly “where is al-Barghouthi”, and asked Shadi about Omar’s apartment, and headed there, immediately detonating the front door. Omar lived alone, as his wife was travelling abroad. I asked the soldiers to go and wake Omar up, but they refused and stormed his apartment and started beating him and insulting him, then they handcuffed him and took him to their military vehicle. At approximately 08:00, Saif, Omar’s brother, received a phone call from an Israeli Intelligence Services’ officer, and told him that Omar is in a critical health condition and he was taken to Hadassah Medical Center in Israel, and that the soldiers hit him on his head and all over his body, which caused wounds, bruises, and loss of consciousness”.

  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Beit Ummar, Hebron, Sa’eer, and al-Shuyukh villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 01 January 2021:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Eyad Hasan Abu Obaid’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, arrested Khalil Mo’een Fawzi Mousa (27), from Qaryut village, southeast of Nablus. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 11:30, IOF arrested Eyad Mohammed al-Jo’ba (27), while present near al-Silsila gate, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s Gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City.
  • In the evening hours, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Deir Istiya, north of Salfit. They took the measures of the location and withdrew.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Tarqumiyah and al-Shuyukh in Hebron governorate; Haris village, north of Salfit; Kafr Laqif, Sir and Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 02 January 2021:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Zububa village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Suliman Amarna (19).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed at al-Harayiq area. They raided and searched Tareq Anwar Da’eis’s (41) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:30, IOF stationed at “Eyal” military checkpoint, established in the north of Qalqilya, arrested Ahmed Mahmoud Ayyash (16) and Anis Mohammed Abu Tayba (17).
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Alaa al-Haddad’s (11) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to ‘Ammar Mahmoud Thawabta (15) and Ahmed Jamal Taqateqa (16) and arrested them.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Halhul, Beit Kahil, and Nuba villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 03 January 2021:

  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Jaba’ village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ahmed Mohammed Alawna (21).
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Diya’ Mohammed Obaid’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF reinforced with dozens of military vehicles moved into Deir Nidham village, northwest of Ramallah governorate, after throwing stones at an Israeli settler’s car in the street adjacent to “Halamish” settlement, where the settler suffered serious wounds, according to the Israeli media. However, the Israeli vehicles, IOF, the border guards and the Israeli infantry units surrounded the village and closed the main and western entrances of the village. IOF fired sound bombs and teargas canisters, causing fear and panic among civilians. Meanwhile, they raided and searched dozens of houses and arrested (20) civilians including two children in the main street and detain them for 3 consecutive hours under the investigation. Lately, IOF released 17 civilians while kept the two children and the young man under arrest and took them to an unknown destination. The arrestees are: Sajed Abdul Ghani al-Khateeb (17), Mohammed Kheir al-Tamimi (17), and Osama Firas al-Tamimi (18), who is a student at Birzeit University. IOF established a tent near the main entrance and confiscated all the surveillances cameras of the houses and stores.
  • At approximately 18:00, the Israeli bulldozer combed al-Ein land, near “Wad Rayya”, adjacent to the village, they raided and searched several houses and continued closing the entrances and some streets, then stormed the village and the houses again until Monday’s evening, 04 January 2021.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Yazan (25), and his brother, Islam Kamel Abu Shamla (18).
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Sanniriya and Azun, east of Qalqilya; Sa’ir, Bani Na’im, Samu and Dura, in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 04 January 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Surif, west of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Hadi Mahmoud Ghunaimat (30), and Fadi Mousa Ghunaimat (29).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron. They raided and searched four houses and arrested (4) civilians; Hussam Hasan Abu Hussain (32), Miqdad Abdullah al-Qawasmah (38), Abdul Aziz Abu Sunaina (34), and Mohammed Hamed al-Rajabi (29).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Nablus, from its southern side, Jabal al-Tur, north of the West Bank, and stationed at Nablus’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Alaa Nidal Abu Shamla (25).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Jannata village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Abdul Rahman Sa’eed al-‘Arouj’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:20, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Jericho. They raided and searched Hasan Shaker Ballou’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians including a child; Abdul Rahman al-Bashiti (16), Zakariya al-Bakry (19), and Mustafa Abu Sunaina (18).
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into al-Tur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians, including a child; Hamza Abu Ghannam (19), Fadi Abu Ghannam (17), and Mohammed Abu Sbaitan (22).
  • IOF carried out (1) incursion in Ein al-Sultan refugee camp, in the western side of Jericho. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 05 January 2021:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Eyas Hussain Obaid’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Nablus, entering it from the northern side by checkpoint (17), and stationed in Baker street and Kallet al-Amud neighborhood, northeast of the village. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Yaser al-Madmouj (28), and took him to Millennium Technology Company, where he works. It should be noted that the company’s owner was arrested on 21 December 2020.
  • At approximately 01:40, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Tulkarm refugee camp. They raided and searched Ra’ed Mohammed Qawzah’s (50) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Zeita Jamma’in village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Zakariya Ahmed Rayyan (51) and Jom’a Mahmoud Ramadan (53).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Batin al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Harbi Abdul Samea’ Abu Subaih (43) and his brother, Wajdi (39), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 14:30, IOF stationed on the main entrance to Nabi Saleh village arrested Ahmed al-Rimawy (32) and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Tubas, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses, only 3 of the houses were identified; Oday al-Shahrouri, Munir and his brother Omar Foqaha, and interrogated the civilians, and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Sami al-Fakhouri’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF signed to guard the annexation wall west of Rummanah village, west of Jenin, arrested Kareem Ahmed al-‘Ammour (28), while present near the wall. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into ‘Anin village, west of Jenin. They threatened to destroy and set fire to street carts that were previously served removal notices.
  • IOF carried out 2 incursions in Deir Ballut and Sarta in western Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 06 January 2021:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Nablus, from its eastern entrance. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Subhi Tabanja (38), from Khallat al-‘Amud, southeast of Nablus; and Omar Eyad Staitiya (26), from Zawata village, west of Nablus.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beita, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Yousef Musbah Abu Mazen (23), a water technician employee in Beita municipality.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahil in northern Hebron and raided Mohammed Assafra’s (30) house. They searched and ransacked through the house before arresting Assafra and taking him with them.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Alqa al Fawqa, southern Hebron and raided Ahmed Dodeen’s (40) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Deir Nidham village, northwest of Ramallah. They deployed between civilians houses, raided and searched Ragheb Mohammed al-Tamimi’s (18) house, and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF reinforced with several military and construction vehicles moved 100 meters into Al Fukhkhari, eastern Khan Younis. They razed the area for hours and then withdrew.
III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 08:00 on Friday, 01 January 2021, IOF accompanied with military bulldozers moved into Khelet ‘Elian in Biddya village, west of Salfit. IOF started leveling 550 fruitful trees and retaining walls as well as the fence wires surrounding the land belonging to the heirs of Yousef Salim, ‘Abdel Rahim Salim and Mohammed Salim.

The landowners said that land razing had wiped off the agricultural field that was funded by the International Relief, inflecting a loss of ILS 300,000.  It should be noted that that was the second time the project was destroyed, and the trees uprooted.

Youssef Kamel Youssef Salamah said that:

“IOF moved into the area and closed the entrances, denying citizens and journalists’ access to it.  IOF leveled all the olive, almond, grape and fig trees my cousins and I had planted in a joint project funded by the International Relief.  The uprooted  trees included around 250 olive trees, 100 grapevines, 100 almond trees and 100 fig trees.  We also bought huge amount of sand and brought workers and vehicles to work in the land.”

  • On Saturday morning, 02 January 2021, Amjad Ja’abees self-demolished a concrete slab he built on his land in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, and removed the steel-wired fence surrounding the land, pursuant to the Israeli Municipality’s decision under the pretext of unlicensed construction.

Ja’abees said that last October, he established a concrete slab as a prelude to build a small house on a plot of land he inherited from his family in Jabel Mukaber village.  Ja’abees added that the Israeli Municipality instantly warned him to self-demolish the slab and remove the fence surrounding his land.  However, when he did not obey, the Municipality handed him an administrative decision signed by the Israeli Ministry of Interior regarding the slab and gave him only 7 days to implement the decision; otherwise, the Municipality crews will carry out the demolition and fine him with the costs.  Ja’abees said that the Israeli Municipality previously reject his request for the land use regulation and to have construction license, and this applies to all the surrounding plots of land in the area.

  • On Sunday morning, 03 January 2021, the High Planning Council (HPC) ratified confiscation of Land plots in different areas of Bethlehem to allocate them to settlements.

Hasan Breijiyah, Head of the Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission in Bethlehem said that the Israeli authorities had ratified the allocation of the following land plots for settlement expansion: Land plot no. (8) in al-Shefa and Wad al-Hendi areas in al-Khader village; Land plot no. (1) in Artas village; Land plot no. (4) in ‘Arab Ta’amra and Land plot no. (5) in al-Morouj area.  Breijiyah added that in the morning IOF handed ‘Ali Salim Mousa from al-Khader village a notice to stop construction works in Jabel Abu Sodah area allegedly for being located in an archaeological area.

  • In the afternoon, IOF handed Nizam Abu Romouz a decision to vacate his family house in Batn al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, in favor of settlers.

Abu Romouz Family said that the evacuation decision was issued in absentee in 2016 when court hearings were held in absentee to deliberate the status of the estate without notifying or summoning the family to attend the court or even handing them any judicial notices in this regard.  The family added that the court fined them ILS 7,000 for the court and the settlers’ lawyer fees.  The family also said that they will file an urgent appeal to the District Court’s evacuation decision, denying receiving any judicial notice to seize the land where the estate is established.  It should be noted that the family estate is comprised of 3 floors and shelters 3 families.  The estate is within the “Ateret Cohanim” settlement organization’s plans to seize 5 dunums and 200 sqm from the Central quarter in Batn al-Hawa neighborhood under the pretext of being a Jewish ownership since 1881 as ruled by the Israeli Supreme Court.  It is also noteworthy that 87 families live in the plot of land under the threat of confiscation and evacuation.

  • On Monday morning, 04 January 2021, IOF demolished 6 fences, a water well and an agricultural barrack in ‘Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of unlicensed construction.

Mayor of ‘Anata village, Taha al-Refa’ie, stated that the Israeli Municipality’s vehicles started demolishing a fence belonging to Mohammed al-Bayaa’ and another fence as well as a 40 sqm agricultural barrack and a water well belonging to Jamal ‘Alqam in al-Nejmah neighborhood in eastern ‘Anata near the industrial area.  The demolition came after a week of handing both civilians  demolition notices allegedly for unlicensed construction. Al-Refa’ie added that the Municipality crews demolished 3 more fences in al-Rahinah area belonging to Isma’il Shihah, ‘Othman Abu ‘Omer, Rami Hamdan, and Mahmoud Ahmed Ibrahim and another belonging to Mohammed Helwah in al-Thaher area.  Al-Refa’ie said that the Municipality crews distributed many demolition notices in the nearby area and withdrew.

  • In the same morning, IOF demolished an agricultural room belonging to Lutfi Salah in al-Khader village, west of Bethlehem, under the pretext of unlicensed construction.

Salah said that an Israeli military force raided his land and demolished the room and confiscated its contents, including chairs and water tanks used for irrigation.  Salah added that the demolition was carried out without any prior notification, noting that such tin-roofed rooms do not need a license as it is used for agricultural and storing purposes.

  • At approximately 11:30 on Tuesday, 05 January 2020, IOF accompanied with a Civil Administration SUV moved into Rujeib village, southeast of Nablus, northern West Bank.  They confiscated a bulldozer belonging to Majed Ibrahim ‘Abed Dweikat while working in an under-construction house in Khelet Rajeh area, northeast of Rujeib village, and arrested the driver.  IOF took the driver and the bulldozer to “Huwara” military camp, southeast of Nablus, and later released the driver but kept the bulldozer under custody allegedly for illegal construction work in Area C.
  • At approximately 12:00 on Wednesday, 06 January 2021, IOF backed by 8 bulldozers and tens of SUVs and trucks moved into  Khalet al-‘Abhar Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit, where part of the annexation wall is established on its lands.  IOF leveled a vacant area; around 200 dunums and 3400 olive and olive trees and grapevines planted 5-10 years ago.  IOF also seized a large number of trees after uprooting them.  These leveled lands belong to ‘Ezat Mousa, heirs of Husni ‘Issa Mousa and ‘Abdullah Mousa. 

IOF also handed 5 new notices to the nearby lands’ owners to vacate them as a prelude to confiscate them in favor of settlement expansion.

While land-razing, IOF attacked and beat up the owners of the leveled lands, including Mohammed Husni Mousa and ‘Aisha ‘Abdullah Mousa.

Settler attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property

  • On Thursday morning, 31 December 2020, a group of settlers from “Rafafa”  attacked a plot of land belonging to the head of the village council, ‘Omer Samarah,  in al-Ta’erat area in Haris village, north of Salfit.  The settlers uprooted around 300 olive trees planted on an area of 14 dunums 14 years ago, without any prior warning.  They also left a notice in a plot of land belonging to Khaled Mohammed ‘Ali Shamlawi in the same area, saying that this land is owned by the state and giving the owners 45 days to appeal.
  • At approximately 20:00 on Thursday, 31 December 2020, settlers rioted at the entrance of “Homish” settlement that was vacated in 2005 and established on the lands of Burqa and Silat ad-Dhahr villages, northwest of Nablus.  They also threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles traveling on Nablus-Jenin Street, but no damage was reported.
  • At approximately 21:55 on the same day, a group of settlers from “Yitsahar” settlement established on Nablus lands threw stones at civilian houses in Huwara village, southeast of Nablus.  As a result, Mo’ataz ‘Ezat Qasrawi’s house windows were broken and his wife, Lina Hasan ‘Awad ‘Odah (34) was injured with a stone in her right leg when she was in her bedroom in the first floor of the 2-storey house while her 4 children and husband were in the second floor of the house. 
  • At approximately 22:00, settlers from ” Shiloh” and “Eli” settlement established on the villages of Qaryout and al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya, southeast of Nablus, threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles traveling on Nablus-Ramallah Street.  As a result, a car belonging to Salim ‘Abdel ‘Aziz Salim Bsharat, Palestine TV photojournalist in Tubas, sustained damage; the right door window and mirror were broken while the front and right side sustained damage.
  • On Friday morning, 01 January 2021, settlers from “Leshem” settlement attacked a plot of land belonging to Ya’qoub Hadrous in Khelet Mathar area in Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.  The settler added tons of sand piles on the land, burying the olive trees there, without any prior notice or warning.

‘Omer Ya’qoub Hadrous said that:

“On Friday morning, we found settlers from Leshem settlement transferring piles of sand into my land in Khelet Mathar area, east of Deir Ballut village. We informed the Liaison, and the settlement guardian came after we refused what was going on.  He told the workers who were transferring the piles, “wait until I make a phone call to know if this land belongs to the state or what.”  He made the phone call and immediately ordered them to stop the transfer into this land because it belongs to ‘Omer and not a state property. This talk occurred after they completely covered the land with around 1.5 meter sand and construction remnants, and even if I cleaned it, the land won’t return as it was because it was all ruined.  This means that all the olives were damaged and the land as well.”

  • At approximately 16:55 on Friday, 01 January 2021, a group of settlers from “Shvut Rachel” settlement established on the lands of southeastern al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya village  attacked and tried to seize al-Khan area.  A number of citizens immediately gathered and throw stones at the settlers to force them to go back.  It should be noted that al-Khan is an ottoman site which IOF has been trying to seize for a while.
  • At approximately 18:30, a group of settlers from “Kedumim” settlement gathered on the main street near Kafr Qaddum village in Qalqilya.  They threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles traveling in the area and closed the main street connecting Qalqilya with Nablus to perform religious rituals in the area.
  • At approximately 21:00 on Saturday, 02 January 2021, a group of settlers from ” Beit Yatir” and “Susya” settlements attacked members of al-Nawaj’ah family while plowing their land in Um Lakhous area, south of Yatta, southern Hebron.  The settlers attempted to stop the tractors despite the Israeli court’s decision to prevent settlers from entering that land.  Clashes occurred between the settlers and citizens while IOF patrols and Israeli Civil Administration crews arrived to force settlers leaving the land.
  • At approximately 19:00 on Sunday, 03 January 2021, a group of settlers from the Israeli “Hilltop Youth” group called for protests at the intersections of the main streets  used by the Palestinians.  An hour later, large groups of settlers gathered at the intersections of Adam, northeastern Jerusalem; “Yitsahar” and “Ma’ale Efrayim”, southwestern Nablus; Bypass 60 Ofra; “Pisgat Yahuda” Street on Ramallah-Nablus Street, “Nof Hasharon” settlement; Jit Sarra, southwestern Nablus; and “Shiloh” and “Eli” settlements, southeastern Nablus.  The settler rioted at the intersections and threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles traveling there.
  • At approximately 03:00 on Monday, 04 January 2021, a group of settlers from “Brukhin” settlement moved into Sarta village, west of Salfit.  They threw stones at the Palestinian vehicles and houses, breaking windows of cars belonging to Sa’id Sarsour, Mukhtar ‘Abdullah Sarsour, Mustafa Ibrahim al-Khatib, Mohammed Hisham Sarsour and Ma’zouz Sarsour.  Moreover, wheels belonging of a bulldozer belonging to Youssef Mohammed al-Khatib were punctured.
  • In the morning, settlers from “Beitar Illit” settlement established on the Palestinian lands of Husan, Nahalin and Wadi Fukin villages, southwest Bethlehem, flooded sewage into vacant areas of lands in Husan village, west of the city. 

Husan Village Council stated that settlers flooded sewage into vacant areas of lands planted with grapevines and olive trees, inflecting huge losses and damage in these lands.  The Council added that such attacks are constant as settlers often pump wastewater into Palestinian-owned lands in the villages of Husan, Jab’a, Nahalin and Wadi Fukin.

  • At approximately 19:00, dozens of Israeli settlers gathered on Street no. (1) in central occupied East Jerusalem and closed it, starting to attack Palestinian vehicles and passers-by.

Eyewitnesses said that settlers closed the abovementioned street and nearby Musrara Street and set fire to tires.  They then threw stones at passers-by and Palestinian vehicles, causing damage to them.

  • At approximately 20:00, settlers from “Hilltop Youth” group rioted the streets and threw stones at different intersections, particularly Soliman al-Faresi “Yitzhar” intersection in Huwara village, southeast of Nablus (the entrance to Yitzhar); Beit El Camp Road; Route 60 between Hizma and Jaba’ on Ramallah-Nablus Highway; and al-Nabi Younis intersection in Hebron.
  • At approximately 22:00, dozens of Israeli settlers on Jerusalem-Hebron Street protested near Gush Etzion settlement intersection for the third week consecutively.

Eyewitnesses said that settlers under IOF protection raised slogans calling for Arabs to leave and closed the main streets before Palestinian vehicles.  The settlers threw stones at the vehicles, causing severe damage to them.

  • At approximately 19:00 on Tuesday, 05 January 2021, a group of settlers from “Hilltop Youth” group rioted and threw stones at different intersections, particularly at the entrance to Homish settlement on Jenin-Nablus Road, northwest of Nablus; Soliman al-Faresi “Yitzhar” intersection in Huwara village, southeast of Nablus (the entrance to Yitzhar); Za’atara checkpoint intersection; at the entrance to “Shilo” settlement, southeast of Nablus; Kedumim intersection and completely closed it, southeast of Qalqiliya; and at the entrance to Jurat ash-Sham’a village between “Efrat” settlement and Teqoa on Hebron Road. However, no injuries were reported.
  • On Wednesday morning, 06 January 2021, settlers from “Amihai” settlement established on Jalud village, southeast of Nablus, uprooted and stole 150 olive seedlings from Mahmoud Fawzi Haj Mohammed’s land in Ma’aser Ghzayel area, 100 meters away from the abovementioned settlement.
 IV. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West Bank:

In addition to 108 permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 56 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Thursday, 31 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Anata village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.

Ramallah:

  • On Thursday, 31 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint near the entrance to Ofra settlement, which is established in northeast of Ramallah.
  • On Saturday, 02 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Taybeh village.
  • On Sunday, 03 January 2021, IOF closed Wadi al-Dalb road, which leads to Ras Karkar village, west of Ramallah. IOF also established a checkpoint at the main entrance to the village. They also closed the metal detector gate established at the entrance to Aboud village and established a military checkpoint at the entrance to Nabi Salih village, northwest of the city.
  • On Monday, 04 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection of Shuqba village and at the entrance to Nabi Salih village, northwest of the city.
  • IOF established three military checkpoints on the northern and southern Jericho entrances, and on al-Mo’arajat road intersection.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 31 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint near Um al-Nashnash intersection, south of the city.
  • On Friday, 01 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Beit Jala village, at the western entrance to Tuqu village and in ‘Aqabet Hassnah area, leading to Bethlehem’s western villages.
  • On Saturday, 02 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the western entrance to Tuqu village, in Kermizan area in Beit Jala village and near Um al-Nashnash intersection, south of the city.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 31 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Jericho for 5 consecutive hours.
  • On Friday, 01 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 02 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho, at the entrance to Al-Auja village, and on al-Mo’arajat road (connecting between Jericho and Ramallah).
  • On Monday, 04 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho and at the entrance to Ein ad-Duyuk village, north of the city.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 31 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection of “Shafi Shimron” settlement and at the entrance to Beita village, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 03 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection of “Shafi Shimron” settlement and at al-Moraba’a intersection.

Tubas:

  • On Saturday, 02 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint in al-Me’yar area, east of ‘Atouf village, southeast of Tubas.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 31 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Yatta city and at the entrance to as-Samu village.
  • On Saturday, 02 January 2021, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Awwa and Idhna villages, at the northern entrance to Halhul city, and at the southern and western entrances to Hebron.
  • On Sunday, 03 January 2021. IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhul city and at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp.
  • On Monday, 04 January 2021, IOF established 5 checkpoints at the entrances to Beit Ummar, Sa’ir and Jalajel villages, at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp, and at the southern entrance to Halhul city.
  • On Tuesday, 05 January 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the northern and southern entrances to Hebron and at the entrances to as-Samu and Beit Ummar villages.
  • On Wednesday, 06 January 2021, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Fawwar refugee camp, and at the entrances to ad-Dhahiriya and Beit Kahil villages.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 31 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Kafr Laqif and Azzun villages, at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya, and at the entrance to Izbat al-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya.
  • On Friday, 01 January 2021, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqilya.
  • On Sunday, 03 January 2021, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Azzun and to Izbat al-Tabib villages, east of Qalqilya.

Salfit:

  • On Monday, 04 January 2021, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Kafr ad-Dik, Kifl_Haris, Rafat amd Qarawat_Bani_Hassan villages.

«الجبهة الشعبيّة»: لعزل البطريرك الخائن «ثيوفيلوس الثالث»

تسريبه عقارات وأراضي فلسطينية للعدو جزء لا يتجزأ من التهويد والتوسع الاستيطانيّ

جدّدت الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير فلسطين موقفها بضرورة عزل البطريرك الخائن والفاسد «ثيوفيلوس الثالث» وعدم الاعتراف به ومقاطعته بشكلِ كاملِ في ظل استمرار خيانته للأمانة ومواصلة تسريب المزيد من العقارات للكيان الصهيوني، كان آخرها قيامه بتحويل مباني دير مار إلياس الواقعة في بيت جالا إلى فندق تشرف على إدارته شركة أوروبية مشبوهة من المحتمل جداً أن تكون مملوكة للكيان الصهيوني.

وندّدت الجبهة، في تصريح صحافي، بقيام محافظة بيت لحم والأجهزة الأمنية بمنع إقامة المؤتمر الصحافي للحراك الأرثوذكسي الذي كان بصدد كشف خيوط تسريب الصفقة الجديدة لهذا البطريرك الخائن والفاسد للاحتلال في مدينة القدس.

وأكدت أنّ استمرار هذا البطريرك الخائن بتسريب المزيد من العقارات والأراضي الفلسطينية، هو جزء لا يتجزأ من عملية التهويد والتوسع الاستيطاني للكيان الصهيوني، ومحاولة أيضاً للانقضاض على الرواية والهوية الوطنية، ومحاولة لضرب الجذور التاريخية لأبناء شعبنا المسيحيين وتعلقهم بأرضهم وباعتبارهم جزءاً أصيلاً من الشعب الفلسطيني.

ودعت الجبهة إلى ضغط وطني وشعبي واسع من أجل طرد هذا البطريرك الخائن والفاسد، والتصدي لكل مخططات الكيان الصهيوني وأذنابه الهادفة للاستيلاء على الأراضي والممتلكات الفلسطينية.

وختمت الجبهة بيانها مشيدة بالمواقف الوطنية الأصيلة التي عَبّر عنها رجال الدين المسيحيون المخلصون وفي مقدمتهم النادي الارثوذكسي في بيت جالا والمجلس المركزي الأرثوذكسي في فلسطين، ومختلف الفعاليات الوطنية والمجتمعية والشبابية والنسوية برفضهم وتصديهم لهذا الدور المشبوه الذي يقوم به هذا البطريرك الخائن، داعية السلطة إلى وقف التعاطي السلبي والمريب مع هذه القضية وتَحمُلّ مسؤولياتها على المستوى الدولي من أجل نزع الشرعية عن هذا الخائن، والتحقيق في قضايا تسريب أراضي وممتلكات فلسطينية مماثلة من قبل متنفذين فلسطينيين.

«الجبهة الشعبيّة»: لعزل البطريرك الخائن «ثيوفيلوس الثالث»

تسريبه عقارات وأراضي فلسطينية للعدو جزء لا يتجزأ من التهويد والتوسع الاستيطانيّ

جدّدت الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير فلسطين موقفها بضرورة عزل البطريرك الخائن والفاسد «ثيوفيلوس الثالث» وعدم الاعتراف به ومقاطعته بشكلِ كاملِ في ظل استمرار خيانته للأمانة ومواصلة تسريب المزيد من العقارات للكيان الصهيوني، كان آخرها قيامه بتحويل مباني دير مار إلياس الواقعة في بيت جالا إلى فندق تشرف على إدارته شركة أوروبية مشبوهة من المحتمل جداً أن تكون مملوكة للكيان الصهيوني.

وندّدت الجبهة، في تصريح صحافي، بقيام محافظة بيت لحم والأجهزة الأمنية بمنع إقامة المؤتمر الصحافي للحراك الأرثوذكسي الذي كان بصدد كشف خيوط تسريب الصفقة الجديدة لهذا البطريرك الخائن والفاسد للاحتلال في مدينة القدس.

وأكدت أنّ استمرار هذا البطريرك الخائن بتسريب المزيد من العقارات والأراضي الفلسطينية، هو جزء لا يتجزأ من عملية التهويد والتوسع الاستيطاني للكيان الصهيوني، ومحاولة أيضاً للانقضاض على الرواية والهوية الوطنية، ومحاولة لضرب الجذور التاريخية لأبناء شعبنا المسيحيين وتعلقهم بأرضهم وباعتبارهم جزءاً أصيلاً من الشعب الفلسطيني.

ودعت الجبهة إلى ضغط وطني وشعبي واسع من أجل طرد هذا البطريرك الخائن والفاسد، والتصدي لكل مخططات الكيان الصهيوني وأذنابه الهادفة للاستيلاء على الأراضي والممتلكات الفلسطينية.

وختمت الجبهة بيانها مشيدة بالمواقف الوطنية الأصيلة التي عَبّر عنها رجال الدين المسيحيون المخلصون وفي مقدمتهم النادي الارثوذكسي في بيت جالا والمجلس المركزي الأرثوذكسي في فلسطين، ومختلف الفعاليات الوطنية والمجتمعية والشبابية والنسوية برفضهم وتصديهم لهذا الدور المشبوه الذي يقوم به هذا البطريرك الخائن، داعية السلطة إلى وقف التعاطي السلبي والمريب مع هذه القضية وتَحمُلّ مسؤولياتها على المستوى الدولي من أجل نزع الشرعية عن هذا الخائن، والتحقيق في قضايا تسريب أراضي وممتلكات فلسطينية مماثلة من قبل متنفذين فلسطينيين.

Israeli settlement hits Palestinian dreams and memories of Jerusalem airport

Construction near Palestinian village of Qalandiya has residents reminiscing about when they could still access Jerusalem International Airport

Raafat Awadallah, the head of the Qalandiya village council, points to lands that have been confiscated by Israel due to settlement construction and the separation wall (MEE/Shatha Hammad)

By Shatha Hammad in Qalandiya, occupied Jerusalem

Published date: 19 December 2020 10:24 UTC 

Headers on official papers issued by the Qalandiya local council still bear the icon of an aeroplane, a reminder of the Palestinian dream of one day having their own airport. 

But Israel is inching closer to building an illegal settlement on the site of what was once known as the Jerusalem International Airport, burying with it Palestinian hopes of claiming it as their own. 

Israeli media reported last week that Israeli authorities had approved a plan for the settlement of Atarot with 9,000 housing units, which they described as a move deliberately taking place ahead of the inauguration in January of US President-elect Joe Biden, who has expressed his opposition to settlement construction, which violates international law. 

Located on land that is part of the Palestinian village of Qalandiya, north of occupied East Jerusalem, the airport, the only one in the occupied West Bank and Jerusalem area, has been etched into collective memory since it was established in 1924 under the British Mandate. 

Residents of Qalandiya recall wistfully a time when it was a mainstay of their lives, as they brace for the area to become further out of reach.

Memories from the tarmac

Jerusalem International Airport, covering 4,000 dunams (400 hectares) and known locally as Qalandiya Airport, was built by British Mandate authorities, who used it as a military airport before transferring its administration to the Jordanian government in 1951, two years after the establishment of the state of Israel, during which Jordan operated it as a commercial airport. 

‘It was an indescribable feeling, to get on the plane and see my house and my village below’

– Youssef Awadallah, 84-year-old resident of Qalandiya

In the 1950s and 1960s, the airport contributed to bringing tourism to the West Bank, and witnessed the arrival of delegations from across the Arab world for touristic, cultural and commercial purposes.

While only a few of Qalandiya’s residents had the financial means at the time to take flights from the airport, it remains a part of the memories they cherish. 

Youssef Awadallah, an 84-year-old resident of Qalandiya, told MEE that he was one of the few villagers who travelled in 1963 from the airport, heading to Beirut to continue his studies. 

“As a student at the time, I got a reduction in the ticket price, and I travelled for the first time on the plane from Palestine to Lebanon. It was an indescribable feeling, to get on the plane and see my house and my village below,” Awadallah said.

“We spent our childhood at the airport, receiving and bidding farewell to travellers. We established relationships with airport employees, and they allowed us to be present there, as the children of the village.

“I remember when [Jordanian] King Hussein came and the military parade that was held for him at the airport… these memories have never left my mind.”

Abdelhalim Hamza, 67, told MEE he also spent much of his childhood running with friends on the tarmac. His favourite memories were his trips to buy juice from a small shop that had opened inside the airport. 

“When we didn’t have money, we would exchange the items for eggs or milk,” he said. 

Old homes have been preserved in Qalandiya, despite it being the only area of the village where Israeli authorities allow Palestinians to build (MEE/Shatha Hammad)
Old homes have been preserved in Qalandiya, despite it being the only area of the village where Israeli authorities allow Palestinians to build (MEE/Shatha Hammad)

Hamza also recalled the Israeli army’s occupation of the airport in 1967, when dozens of Israeli jeeps were dispatched to the area.

“I remember the Jordanian army’s withdrawal. The soldiers were very afraid, and they abandoned a new jeep with a machine gun at the entrance to the village. They told us ‘the Israeli army is coming’.

Raafat Awadallah, 63, said his father used to do construction work at the airport in 1920. “My father owned a cart pulled by two horses, which he used to transport stones during the runway construction process,” he told MEE.

One of his most cherished memories, Raafat said, was when he and the other residents of Qalandiya heard through the radio that the late, well-known Egyptian actor and musician Farid al-Atrash, was coming to the West Bank. They all flocked to the airport to receive him.

“We would listen to the radio to know if political or artistic figures were coming to the airport. It was a great pleasure for us,” he said.  

Shrinking village

After Israel occupied the West Bank in the wake of the 1967 Middle East War, the army took control and changed its name to Atarot airport, using it for domestic flights before shutting it down in 2000 at the start of the Second Intifada. 

The airport, which consists of a runway, control tower, and reception hall for arrivals and departures, still stands; the Israeli army operates an aviation factory on the premises. 

The area has now been turned into a military outpost with access or taking photographs forbidden. 

The airport is no longer accessible to residents of Qalandiya. The building with the orange roof on the left is now an Israeli military factory (MEE/Shatha Hammad)
The airport is no longer accessible to residents of Qalandiya. The building with the orange roof on the left is now an Israeli military factory (MEE/Shatha Hammad)

In February, the Israeli government announced that the Atarot settlement would be built on 120 hectares in the area of the former airport. It will include large commercial centres, a hotel, work spaces and other facilities. The settlement is set to fall between Qalandiya and the Palestinian villages of Kafr Aqab and al-Ram. 

If constructed, it will be the first new settlement in East Jerusalem since 1997. 

Khalil Tufakji, director of mapping at the Arab Studies Association, told Middle East Eye he believes certain indicators show that implementation of the settlement plan is close. 

Tufakji pointed out that the Israeli army announced two weeks ago a new building plan for a road and tunnel adjacent to the Qalandiya military checkpoint and the Atarot settlement industrial area, in order to link them to other illegal settlements around Jerusalem. 

He explained that before construction tenders are put out, authorities are expected to publish the plan and map for the settlement for any objections within a month. 

Raafat Awadallah, who heads the Qalandiya village council, told MEE that since 1967 the village’s land has shrunk from 4,000 to 800 dunams (400 to 80 hectares) in order for Israel to build settlements and military infrastructure in the area, as well as the illegal separation wall, which slices through the village. 

“The wall divided the village of Qalandiya into eastern and western parts. It now takes an hour, at times more, to reach the other half. Before that it only took a few minutes,” said Raafat.

In 2016, he said, Qalandiya witnessed an extremely difficult day when the Israeli army demolished 12 residential buildings. 

In 2018, the Israeli army delivered demolition notices to 21 more buildings in the village. 

The last demolition order was issued this month, targeting a section of Raafat’s own home, which has been standing since 1961. The Israeli court also imposed a fine of 60,000 shekels ($18,500).

He expects that matters will only get worse with the implementation of the new settlement plan on the lands of the airport.

“By establishing this project, one of the most important Palestinian dreams will be lost. And we will lose our memories of the airport, where we experienced our childhood,” he said.

Israel plans to expand settlement cutting off Jerusalem from West Bank towns Read More »

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine (10 – 16 December 2020)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (10 – 16 December 2020)

10 – 16 December 2020

·         Palestinian with disability succumbs to wounds sustained in IOF shooting at Qalandia Checkpoint

·         16 Palestinian civilians wounded, including 1 woman, in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank and occupied East Jerusalem

·         Uninhabited house shelled, and 5 shootings reported at agricultural lands, and once at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip

·         In 107 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 94 civilians arrested, including 13 children and a woman

·         Limited incursion into eastern Khan Younis and pamphlets were left demanding farmers harvest their lands

·         2 houses and a shop self-demolished in Jerusalem, and 30 cease-construction and demolition notices served in the West Bank

·         Settler-attacks: settlers assault a child in Jerusalem, others built a hut and assaulted Palestinian civilians and a journalist in Hebron

·         IOF established 46 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 6 Palestinian civilians on said checkpoints

 

 

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians that are mostly conducted after midnight and in the early morning hours. This week, IOF demolitions of Palestinian homes and properties continued as part of Israel’s de facto annexation and under various pretexts in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, IOF also served wide-scale demolition and cease-construction notices and confiscated several vehicles. Also, Israeli settlers continued their assaults on Palestinian civilians and their attempts to seize Palestinian lands located near settlements.

This week, PCHR documented 187 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity:

On 11 December 2020, Abdul-Naser Waleed Halaweh (56), a Palestinian man with disability, succumbed to wounds he sustained on 17 August 2020 after Israeli soldiers shot him as he was travelling via Kalandia checkpoint, northeastern occupied East Jerusalem. Also, 16 civilians, including a woman, were wounded during IOF incursion into Nablus; 10 civilians wounded in two separate incidents in Ramallah, a woman was wounded while inside her home in Tulkarm, which is located near the annexation wall; a Palestinian man was wounded in IOF suppression of Kafr Qaddum weekly protest; 3 sustained wounds in an IOF incursion into Tulkarm, and another was wounded in a similar incursion into Nablus.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF shelled (arterially) an uninhabited house in southeastern Gaza, causing damage. Additionally, 5 IOF shootings were reported at agricultural lands, and once at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 107 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them.7During this week’s incursions, 94 Palestinians were arrested, including 13 children and a woman.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted an incursion into eastern Khan Younis, and put signs demanding farmers harvest their crops within 200 meters from the border fence

Demolitions:

 PCHR documented 12 incidents, including:

  • Ramallah: garbage truck confiscated in Al-Mazra’a Algharbeyeh.
  • Occupied East Jerusalem: shop and two houses self-demolished; 2 residential barracks removed and confiscated; demolition and raising at Yusufia cemetery near Bab al-Asbat Minaret.
  • Nablus: coffee streetcar confiscated, and a caravan used as a car wash in Huwara; 5 cease-construction notices served to 4 houses and 1 barracks in Qaryut village.
  • Jericho: 2 tractors confiscated, and work stopped at an agricultural land.
  • Tubas: an SUV and a tractor confiscated in the northern Jordan valleys.
  • Jenin: 11 demolition notices served against street food carts
  • Hebron: 14 cease-construction notices served to houses and barracks; 500 meters of stone walls demolished; and 19 dunums razed.

Settler-attacks: PCHR fieldworkers reported and documented 4 settler-violence incidents: assault on a child in occupied East Jerusalem; a hut built on Palestinian land near “Kiryat Arba” settlement and Palestinian civilians were assaulted in the area; a journalist assaulted in Hebron.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

     I.            Shooting and other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity

·         At approximately 07:30 on Thursday, 10 December 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha Shore, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, chased Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and opened heavy fire around them, causing fear among the fishermen and forcing them to flee. No casualties were reported.

·         On Friday, 01 December 2020, ‘Abed al-Naser Waleed Halawa (56) succumbed to wounds he sustained on Monday, 17 August 2020, after Israeli soldier opened fire at him while passing through Qalandia military checkpoint, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. Halawa, a person with a disability (deaf and mute) living in Nablus, was shot and killed by IOF when he passed Kalandia military through vehicles lane. IOF claimed that he attempted to stab an Israeli soldier and did not obey their orders. Halawa was taken to Shaare Zedek Hospital in West Jerusalem for treatment. Faten Halawa, Abed al-Naser’s sister, said that her brother, a deaf-mute man who has 3 sons, got out of his house on Monday heading to his sister’s house in occupied East Jerusalem. Abed al-Naser told his family that he wants to visit his sister and perform prayers at al-Aqsa Mosque. Faten pointed out that IOF conducted some changes at Kalandia checkpoint, so her brother accidentally crossed from the area designated for the soldiers crossing. She clarified that Israeli soldiers shouted at her brother, but he did not hear them. Meanwhile, IOF opened fire at him, wounding him with several live bullets in his feet. He was then taken to an Israeli hospital, where he stayed for 3 months. During which, he underwent 4 surgeries, and was waiting other surgeries before returning him to Nablus 2 weeks ago. Halawa added that her brother was in a serious health condition when he arrived at Nablus, as he lost his memory and did not know any of his family members. Halawa said that: “It seems that the drugs had a great effect on him, as he was losing his appetite for food. Few days later, his health condition was deteriorated until he died at dawn.”

·         At approximately 07:00, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Kafr Malik village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses, during which, they deliberately fired a barrage of teargas canisters between Palestinians’ houses. As a result, many villagers suffocated due to teargas inhalation. IOF incursion into the village continued until 10:00. They then withdrew from the eastern entrance to the village, closed it with sand berms and stationed there. Meanwhile, dozens of Palestinian young men gathered near the village’s eastern entrance and threw stones and empty bottles at IOF, who clashed with them and fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them. As a result, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation. The clashes continued, during which, a military SUV crashed a civilian car carrying 3 Palestinians. IOF immediately opened fire at the car, wounded two of its passengers and arrested another one. The passengers were identified as:

1.      The driver, Ahmed ‘Abdullah Ba’irat (26), who was shot with a rubber bullet in his hand;

2.      Shaker Anwar Shaker (26), whose left hand was fractured when he attempted to flee from the car; and

3.      Mohammed Mostafa Hamayil (28), who was arrested by IOF and taken to an unknown destination.

The wounded civilians were taken to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah for treatment.

  • At approximately 08:00, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israeli, east of Khan Yunis, opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern Al-Fukhari village; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00, a peaceful protest took off in the center of al-Mughayyir village, northeast of Ramallah, at the call of the villagers, towards lands under the threat of confiscation and in protest to the establishment of new settlement outposts in Ras al-Teen area near the eastern entrance to the village. The protestors raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against the Israeli occupation, settlers and annexation wall. When the protestors arrived at the area, they found a large number of Israeli soldiers awaiting them. The protestors chanted slogans again against the Israeli occupation and settlers. IOF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors. As a result, 9 4 civilians sustained rubber bullets wounds in their lower extremities and received treatment on the spot. Also, dozens of protestors suffocated due to teargas inhalation.
  • At approximately 13:30, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in al-Taweel Mount area, east of al-Bireh city, and threw stones at a military checkpoint established near “Psagot” settlement, which is established on the village’s eastern lands. IOF chased the stone-throwers and fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, many protestors suffocated dye to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot. No casualties or arrests among the protestors were reported.
  • At approximately 16:20, IOF conducted a military training near the annexation wall established on Far’un village lands, south of Tulkarm. As a result, Subiha Nemer Omar (42) was shot with a live bullet in her shoulder while present in her house located near the mentioned training site and taken to Dr. Thabet Governmental Hospital for treatment. 
  • At approximately 12:30 on Saturday, 12 December 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kafr Qaddum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest organized by dozens of Palestinians. IOF chased the protestors, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, a 22-year-old male was shot with a rubber bullet in his foot.
  • At approximately 14:00, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyia area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at a military checkpoint established at the northern entrance to Hebron, so-called Checkpoint (56). IOF chased the stone-throwers and fired sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, many young men suffocated dye to teargas inhalation. The clashes continued until 17:00; no arrests among the protestors were reported.
  • At approximately 17:15, IOF moved into Showika suburb, north of Tulkarm. IOF chased Palestinian young men gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and teargas canisters at them. As a result, 3 civilians were wounded; 2 with rubber bullets and one with a teargas canister. IOF also arrested ‘Obada Jamal al-Badou (22) and withdrew later.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israel, east of Khan Yunis, fired several live bullets around a sanitation truck in eastern Khuzaʽa village; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:45, IOF stationed in (16) military site, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds approached the border fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Monday, 14 December 2020, IOF stationed in (16) military site, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds approached the border fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.

Mohammed al-Nasher’s house was shelled in eastern Gaza City

  • At approximately 22:00, IOF stationed along the Gaza’s border fence with Israeli, fired an artillery shell at uninhabited house belonging to Mohammed Yousef ‘Abed al-Kareem al-Neser (24), 1200 meters to the west of the border fence, east of Gaza Valley, south of Gaza City. As a result, the house sustained material damage; no casualties were reported. The targeted house was comprised of one floor built on an area of 100 square meters and 2 rooms, living room, kitchen and bathroom.  Mohammed Yousef ‘Abed al-Kareem al-Neser said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: “ while I was on my way back to my family house in Gaza Valley village (Juhor ad-Dik), south of Gaza City, after inviting my friends to attend my wedding next day, I heard loud explosion near our house, so I harried up. When I arrived there, I saw my uninhabited house was burning. My relatives and I tried to put out the fire until the arrival of the Palestinian Civil Defense teams who put out the fire. My house sustained material damage. It should be noted that the security situation was stable in the area, and I do not know why IOF targeted the house.”
  • At approximately 12:15, IOF stationed in (16) military site, northeast of Beit Hanoun, north of the Gaza Strip, opened sporadic fire at Palestinian shepherds approached the border fence, causing fear among them and forcing them to flee. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Tuesday, 15 December 2020, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian young men gathered, set fire to tires and threw stones at Israeli infantry units. IOF immediately fired rubber bullets and teargas canisters at them to disperse them. As a result, a 20-year-old male, from Nablus, sustained live bullet shrapnel in his face and received treatment at Rafidia Hospital. Also, many civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation and received treatment on the spot.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Bireh city and deployed along the main street in front of al-Bireh municipality. IOF raided and searched Zakaria Jehad al-Nahhas’ (44) house and arrested him. Meanwhile, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov cocktails at IOF, who clashed with them and fired teargas canisters and sound bombs at them. As a result, dozens of civilians, including two journalists namely Moahmmed Turukman and Kareem Khamasia, suffocated due to teargas inhalation 

  II.            Incursions and arrests:

Thursday, 10 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed near the UNRWA distribution center. They deployed between Palestinian houses causing fear and panic among civilians. They raided, searched and destroyed the contents of several houses after breaking the doors, and arrested (12) civilians. The arrestees were taken to the watch tower established at the western entrance of the camp, by foot, to be investigated by the Israeli Intelligence services’ officers who threatened them to storm their houses if they continued throwing stones at Bypass Road (60). At approximately 07:00 on the next day, the arrestees were released. The arrestees are: Ammar Mohammed Jawabra (27), Samed Mahmoud Jawabra (35), Ammar Mahmoud Jawabra (30), Nader Jaser al-Sharif (34), Moheeb Mahmoud al-Najmi (25), Salah Emad al-Kindawi (26), Ma’moun Rasheed Abu Jouda (28), Salah Mohammed al-‘As’as (27), Mohammed Fathi al-Yasouri (26). Fathi Jaber al-Badawi (63), Wael Fathi al-Badawi (41), and Mostafa Maher Abu Warda.

Meanwhile, IOF stormed and searched several places as; the headquarter of the Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees (UPWC), the office of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), and Abu Judeh Print shop that owned by Abdul Rahman Sufian Abu Judeh (36), where IOF confiscated equipment estimated at (4,000 NIS).

Fathi Abu al-Badawi said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF brutally stormed his house and his son’s house, Wael, and damaged the contents of the house after detaining his family in the living room.

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Jamal Mohammed Brighith (62) and Mo’tasem Sameer Brighith (26) and took them to “Gush Etzion” settlement’s detention center, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into Tubas, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and handed Mus’ab Jaser Siyaj (35), works as a soldier in the Palestinian National Security Forces, a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 03:15, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Kobar, north of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched five houses and arrested (5) civilians; Tamer Hisham al-Barghouthi (32), Montaser Mahmoud Yousef (28), Alaa Farhat Yousef (25), Ra’ed Abdullah al-Fahel (22), and Tha’er Tawfiq al-Barghouthi (26); who was released in the morning of the next day.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Mahmoud Afana and Ali Fayez Salah, and arrested them.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Shuyukh al-Arrub village. They raided and searched Zakariya Mahmoud Owaidat’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Ein al-Sultan refugee camp, in western Jericho. They raided and searched Mohammed Khamis al-Jahalin’s (50) house and arrested his two sons Ibrahim (24) and Ali (19).
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF arrested Ammar Mohammed Jawabra (26) and Moheeb Mohammed al-Najmi (25), from al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, after being summoned for investigation by the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF moved into al-Dahra neighborhood in al-Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mansour Ali Naser (22) and Mohammed Belal Abu al-Hums (23) and took them to al-Bareed police station in Salah al-Dein street, for investigation. IOF released them after two hours.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Shu’afat neighborhood, north of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Naser Subhi Abu Khudair’s (59) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Abu Khudair who is one of the Palestinian National Movement leaders, and belongs to the PFLP, was wounded while preparing an explosive device (bomb) in the beginning of 80’s. However, he was arrested more than 12 times and spent almost about 16 years in the Israeli prisons.
  • IOF carried out (13) incursions in Hajja, east of Qalqilya; Tayasir, east of Tubas; Zububa. Jalamah, and Jaba’, in Jenin governorate; Kafr Qallil and Sebastia in Nablus governorate; Sa’ir, Tabaqa, and Idhna, in Hebron governorate; Qarawat Bani Zeid, Deir Ghassana, and Mazari al-Nubani, in Ramallah governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 11 December 2020:

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Qablan, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Belal Sharif al-Emla (25).
  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mus’ab Mahmoud Muhaisen’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Bireh, and stationed in al-Khan street. They raided and searched Fadi Abdul Dayim al-Faransi’s (29) house and arrested him. Meanwhile, another IOF was raiding al-Faransi’s store, next to their house, after breaking the door of the store, and damaged all its contents.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Ras Kabsa area in al-Eizariya, wast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Jehad Damdoum’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:25, IOF stationed at the entrance of al-Lubban al-Sharqiya village, southeast of Nablus, arrested Mohammed Raja Owais (16) and Mohammed Yousef Owais (16), from the village. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF stationed at the entrance of Huwara military camp, southeast of Nablus, arrested Isma’el Mohammed Isma’el (20), from Tell village, southwest of Nablus. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF arrested (3) civilians while present in al-Wad street in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF severely beaten and took them to one of the police centers in the city. The arrestees are; Mohammed Taha (21) and Rajeh Riyashi (23), and the third one is still not identified.
  • IOF carried out (9) incursions in Nablus, Asira al-Qibliya, Sarra, and tall villages in Nablus governorate; Ti’inik and Silat al-Harithiya villages, west of Jenin; Arraba, southwest of Jenin; Hebron and Bani Na’im in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 12 December 2020:

  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Taysir Yousef Muhaisen’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Qusai Ibrahim Hazayla (19), while present near Bab Hutta, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF severely beaten and took him to one of the police centers in the city.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mousa Haitham Mustafa (15) and Mohammed Baker Mustafa (22) and arrested them.

Sunday, 13 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Saf street, in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Firas Ibrahim al-Yamani (34) and Saleh Abed al-Harimi (45) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Karkafi street, in the center of Bethlehem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Mohammed Abdul Ghani Salhab (18), Mustafa Emad Salhab (18), and Nour Khaled Qaraqi’ (20).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into al-Eizariya, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Atta Maher Hamdan’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yazan Khaled Mohsen’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:15, IOF arrested Laith Basem Ja’ara (22), from Tulkarm, while referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services, that recently summonsed him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Hazem Zakaria Owaidat (20), from al-Shuyukh village, north of Hebron. Owaidat was arrested while he was on his way back home from his university in Birzeit.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, arrested Mohammed Essam Hammad (20), from ‘Arraba, southwest of Jenin. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

Monday, 14 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Zawata, west of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Alaa Ahmed Hmaidan (44).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched three houses and arrested (3) civilians; including two children. The arrestees are: Feras Zakaria al-Qiq (18), Fo’ad Amjad Hadoush (17), and Amjad Ayed al-Titi (17).
  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Kifl Haris, north of Salfit. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ahmed Zeid Saleh (23).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Tulkarm. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Alaa Abdul Naser Abu Shanab (24).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Lo’ay Abdullah Ghaith’s (45) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested the wounded child Omar Ahmed Mahmoud (16), while going out of the Aqsa Mosque in the ocuupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to one of the police centers in the city and extended his arrest until the next Thursday.

It should be noted that Mahmoud was shot with a rubber bullet below his eye while present in front of his house in al-Isawiya, during the clashed between IOF and the village’s young men on 06 December 2020.

  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-Isawiya, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Saleh Bader Abu ‘Asab (20) and Mohammed Baker Mustafa (21) and handed them summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Zububa, west of Jenin; Nablus and Jamma’in, southeast of Nablus; Idhna and Beit Kahil, in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 15 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, huge Israeli forces accompanied with dozens of Israeli soldiers and special forces moved into Obaid neighborhood, northwest of Isawiya village. They raided and searched dozens of houses. Meanwhile, dozens of young men gathered, they threw stones at the Israeli soldiers, who chased the demonstrators and responded by firing teargas canisters. The clashes resulted in dozens of civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation, and 8 civilians, including 2 children, were arrested. The arrestees are: Mohammed Yaser al-Jayyar (14), Rawhi Yaser al-Jayyar (16), Mohammed Issa Bader (23), Mohammed Haitham Mustafa (18), Mahmoud Mousa Mustafa (18), Adam Fadi Mustafa (19), Rasheed Mousa Darwish (18), and Mahmoud Sultan Derbas (24).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Jaber Abu Sil (20) and Rabah Belal Fdailat (23), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hizma, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Fathi Kan’an’s (58) house and arrested him along with his wife, Najla’ Mohammed Kan’an (51).

Fathi Kan’an said that he was released after an hour of his arrest at Benjamin police station in Jaba’ village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, and his wife was referred to Ariel investigation center. Kan’an said that he was surprised to see the IOF and the police dogs storming his house in Tublas, in Hizma village. They broke the front door, raided and searched the house and the garden around the house accurately, then took him and his wife to Benjamin police station. Kan’an explained his concerns about his wife, who was arrested for the first time, and suffers from several chronic illnesses since years and needs special health care and medicines. He added that this was not the first time that IOF storm and search his house, they moved into his house several times before arresting his son, Hamza (23), 12 days ago, and he is still under arrest in Ofer detention center in Ramallah. Fathi notified that his son was arrested several times for investigation and spent 17 months in the Israeli prisons. Fathi also mentioned his other son, Sufian, was also detained in Ofer prison for two years and half, without issuing any sentence against him. It is important to mention that Fathi’s eldest son, Mohammed (29), was shot killed by the Israeli soldiers near Hizma cemetery at the end of July 2017.

  • At approximately 03:20, IOF moved into Birzeit, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ibrahim Shamasna’s (27) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Montaser Riyad Abu Srour (24) and Hamza Abdul Aziz Abu Srour (26) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood, in al-Isawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Hamza Obaid’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF raided and searched two houses belonging to Tha’er Riyad Abu Lafi (31) and Nader Ahmed Halahla (28) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF arrested Sami Fteiha (34), while present near Bab al-Asbat, one of the Aqsa Mosque’s gates in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to one of the detention centers in the city and released him after issuing a decision of banning his entry to the Aqsa Mosque for 6-months.
  • At approximately 18:15, IOF moved into Qalqilya, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Hassan Abdul Qader ‘Amer (22).
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Ayman Onaid (20), while present near his house in Obaid neighborhood, northwest of Isawiya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Iraq Burin, southeast of Nablus; Halhul, al-Shuyukh and Beit Kahil in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 16 December 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Sami al-Ja’bari’s (37) house in al-Sheikh neighborhood and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Qarawat Bani Hassan, west of Salfit. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Bara’ Sa’ed Assi (23), Mustafa Ya’qoub Assi (25), and Ahmed Moheeb Mir’y (21).
  • At approximately 01:45, IOF moved into Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Mahdi Ayman Abu Sirr (22), Hamad Mohammed Abu Jamous (21), a medical student at al-Najah University, and Emad Shukry al-Buth (21).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Zohdi Hesham Awad’s house and arrested his two sons; Mohammed (16) and Sharif (15).
  • At approximately 02:20, IOF moved into Dura al-Qar’, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mohammed Subhi Hamdan’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Ya’bad, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Nidal Ya’qoub Nfei’at (31).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and a Bulldozer moved into Silwad, east of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched the house of the prisoner Mo’ath Saleh al-Najjar, and detained his family in one room, then confiscated a Gust vehicle belonging to Mo’ath’s father without providing any previous verbal or written notice.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles and bulldozers moved 100-meters to the East of Abasan al-Kabira and Khuza’a, east of Khan Yunis. They combed and levelled lands adjacent the border fence to the south, east of al-Fukhari, as they extended the incursion to 200-meters, and combed a well-prepared agricultural land. They put banners written in Arabic and Hebrew stating: “Farmers, your crops have breached the area allowed for farming, if all crops are not harvested in the declared period they will be removed.” Later, the deployed again inside the abovementioned border fence.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Ein Beit al-Ma’ refugee camp, Zawata, Deir Sharaf, Sebatia, Tell, and Einabus villages in Nablus governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF accompanied by 3 Civil Administration SUVs and a trailer moved into Huwara town in southeastern Nablus, northern West Bank. They stationed in Ras-Zeid area, south of the town, and confiscated Abdul-Fatah Yusuf Damdey’s tin-plated coffee cart (8sqm). They also confiscated Jamal Khader Oda’s tin-plated caravan (24 sqm) intended for use as a carwash. IOF claimed the confiscations were due to illegal presence in Area C.
  • Also on Thursday, Mounir ‘Eweisat self-demolished his shop in al-Madaris street in Jabel Mukaber, southeastern occupied East Jerusalem, pursuant to the Israeli Municipality decision for unlicensed construction.

‘Eweisat stated that his family shop (35 sqm) is more than 40 years old, and that he and his brother turned it into a grocery store four years ago. Since then, the Israeli Municipality in Jerusalem has haunted him with demolition notices and dozens of raids into the shop, the last of which was three days before the demolition when they handed him a final demolition notice for him to carry out; otherwise, Municipality crews would conduct the demolition and bill him, and on top of that fine him dozens of Israeli shekels for building violations. ‘Eweisat added that the shop was the only source of income for his family of five and noted that it would be very difficult for him to find a job especially with the coronavirus crisis.

  • Early on Saturday, 12 December 2020, Mahmoud and Mohammed Khaled Mousa al-Khales self-demolished their houses in Silwan, southern Old East Jerusalem, pursuant to Israeli Municipality decision for unlicensed construction. Mohammed’s house sheltered a family of 5, including 3 children. And Mahmoud’s sheltered a family of 7, including 5 children.

Their father, Khaled al-Khales, stated that he had built both houses for his sons a year ago on an area of 180 sqm. He added that since the construction was finalized, the Israeli Municipality followed him with demolition orders. He hired a lawyer and engineers who filed for a license, but the Municipality refused to approve it. Almost two months ago, the Municipality attempted to demolish the houses but one of the construction vehicles broke down and could not finalize the demolition; they withdrew and billed the family ILS 70,000 for the demolition. The Municipality order the family to finish the demolition; al-Khales sons complied with the decision to avoid another fine that could exceed ILS300,000.

  • At approximately 10:30 on Sunday, 13 November 2020, IOF accompanied by a Civil Administration SUV moved into Qaryut, southeastern Nablus, northern West Bank. They stationed in Adababis area, opposite “Shiloh” and “Shafut Rachel” settlements. They posted 5 cease-construction notices on 4 houses and a barracks for alleged illegal construction in Area C. The notices granted a two-week period for objections, until 30 December 2020.
No.NameFacilityNotes
 Ammar Ibrahim Mousa2-story house (200sqm each)Ready for move-in
 Ibrahim Amin I. Mousa1-story house (120sqm)In final construction stages
 Aysar M. Y. Mousa1-story house (130 sqm)In final construction stages
 Suliman Z. Ar-Rashaydeh200 sqm residential barracksIn final construction stages
 Zaied Ar-Rashaydeh50sqm house (room and bathroom)In final construction stages
  • At approximately 12:40 on Sunday, IOF stationed on a military point in northern Ramallah, shot tear gas and stun grenades at farmers in Ein Harasheh area in the southern parts of al-Mazra’ al-Gharbieh town. The forces cornered a municipal garbage truck, forced its driver off and confiscated it. No casualties or arrests were reported. It should be noted that Ein Harashed is targeted for Israeli settlement expansion projects and witnesses escalated settler-attacks; also, Israeli authorities ban any construction by the indigenous people in prelude to its confiscation.
  • Early on Monday, 14 December 2020, IOF construction vehicles removed and confiscated two residential barracks in al-Za’atreh community in az-Za’ayyem village, eastern occupied East Jerusalem, for alleged unlicensed construction. The barracks are property of brothers Imran and Murad M. Azza’atreh.

Chairman of az-Za’ayyem village council stated that IOF construction vehicles removed Imran and Murad Za’atreh’s barracks (70sqm each) which housed 4 individuals. It should be noted that the az-Za’ayyem area residents live in proximity to the annexation wall, an Israeli military checkpoint and a metal gate that controls their movement, which has turned their lives into a true tragedy. Israeli authorities had replaced a checkpoint that separated az-Za’ayyem from At-Tur village with a huge metal gate, which opened for 4 hours a day. After an appeal to the Supreme Court of Israel, the gate is now open 8 hours a day solely for entry into az-Za’ayyem.

  • At approximately 10:00, IOF reinforced with a construction vehicle and the Civil Administration moved into Khirbet Zanuta, western ad-Dhahiriya city, 20 km south of Hebron City. The Civil Administration distributed 14 cease-construction notices to Palestinians in the area for alleged construction without license in Area C. The area has a population of 70 persons, who live in tin-plated rooms and rely on sheep farming for a living. They had built a tan-plated school in the area, that was demolished by IOF and then rebuilt by the community; the Israeli Civil Administration has targeted the school ever since with demolition notices.
NameFacilityDescriptionAreaYearFamilyChildrenFundingNotice typeNotice No.
Shihda KhdeiratHouseTin-plated16sqm20182PersonalCease-construction
Shihda KhdeiratSheep farming barracksTin-plated with plastic roofing120sqm20202PersonalCease-construction30871
Basem KhdeiratRoomStones and tin plates30sqm201842PersonalCease-construction30869
Hamad KhdeiratBarracks for sheep farmingPlastic cover and pipes100sqm201984PersonalCease-construction30870
Amer al-TulDwellingPlastic cover and pipes40sqm199475PersonalCease-construction30862
Ahmed al-TulBarracks for sheep farmingPlastic cover and pipes80sqm201831PersonalCease-construction30863
Suliman al-TulResidential roomConcrete floor and tin plates30sqm201563PersonalCease-construction30864
Suliman al-TulArborTin plates20sqm201063PersonalCease-construction30864
Suliman al-TulBarracks for sheep farmingPlastic roofing90sqm201863YMCACease-construction30873
Mohammed al-TulDwellingConcrete floor and tin plates35sqm201486YMCACease-construction30866
Bajis al-TulDwellingTin plates36sqm20142YMCACease-construction
Faris SamamraBarracks for sheep farmingPlastic roofing and pipes150sqm20181711YMCACease-construction30861
Susya village councilRoomTin plates40sqm2020OrganizationsCease-construction30872
ClinicRoomTin plates20sqm2020OrganizationsCease-construction30872
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF accompanied by a Civil Administration SUV moved into Um al-Qiba area in the northern Jordan valley, eastern Tubas, northern West Bank. They stationed in Ad-Dababis area and immediately confiscated Mahdy Daraghmeh’s SUV, Chairman of al-Maleh and al-Madareb Bedouin Community Council. They also confiscated a tractor; both vehicles were taken to an Israeli military camp and detained allegedly for working in Area C.
  • Early on Tuesday, 15 December 2020, Israeli bulldozers continued the demolitions at the Yusufia cemetery near Bab al-Asbat Minaret for the second consecutive day, after it had demolished its stairway two weeks ago.

Mustafa Abu Zahra, Head of the Committee for the Preservation of Islamic Cemeteries in Jerusalem, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that the Israeli municipality demolished a large portion of the cemetery’s northern wall and the land adjacent to decades old graves. The demolition is part of the Israeli authorities’ plan to establish the “Biblical garden path” project around occupied Jerusalem’s fence.

For his part, Ahmed Dajani, Executive Director of the Committee for the Preservation of Islamic Cemeteries in Jerusalem, said that Municipality crews demolished the cemetery’s stairway two weeks ago; which is used to access both the cemetery, al-Aqsa Mosque and the Old City via Bab al-Asbat. The Municipality demolished its northern wall and nearby graves. Dajani condemned the Israeli Municipality’s intent to establish a park in the area as it is not needed and that the Yusufia cemetery is overcrowded with graves and needs expansion rather than confiscating parts of it.

It should be noted that the idea of “Biblical garden path” project appeared in 1970, but in the recent years, it was escalated and developed. This project is concentrated in areas surrounding Al-Aqsa Mosque and Jerusalem’s historic fence and the area surrounding occupied East Jerusalem in addition to areas overlooking it, especially the southern, eastern, and northern areas.

  • At approximately 11:00, IOF accompanied by several military and Civil Administration vehicles, including construction vehicles, moved into Souba area in Idhna town western Hebron. The soldiers deployed in the area while the construction vehicles proceeded to demolish 500-meter stone walls and razed 19 dunums of agricultural lands: 9 dunums of 20-year-old almond trees; 7 dunums of 20-year-old olive trees; 3 dunums of 10-year-old cactus. The land is owned by Ali Amer Abriosh, and the demolition was allegedly for work in Area C.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Wednesday, 16 December 2020, an Israeli military force reinforced with military vehicles moved into az-Zubaidat village in the northern Jordan valleys, northern Jericho. Israeli Civil Administration employees stopped Fadi Abdallah Zbaidat, and Mansour H. Zbaidat from working in their lands under pretext of being State lands; the soldiers confiscated two Fiat 466 tractors and transported them to “Argaman” settlement.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Wednesday, IOF accompanied by a Civil Administration SUV moved into ‘Anin village, western Jenin, northern West Bank. The Civil Administration employee served 11 demolition notices to food and beverage carts near the annexation wall for alleged illegal work in Area C; they were given a one week period to execute the demolition. The carts are property of: Radi and Mahmoud Khdour; Aseed, Yazeed and Waleed Issa; Ismail Yassin; Assem Issa; Hakam and Ashraf Yassin; and Mohammed Issa.

Settler attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property

  • On Thursday evening, 10 November 2020, an Israeli settler assaulted Samir Alaa Rowaydy (6) while present in front of his house in al-Ain area, Silwan, southern occupied East Jerusalem.

Rowaydy’s father, Alaa, stated to PCHR that the settler assaulted his son while he was with his cousin, Mohammed (8), a few meters from the house. The settler pushed the boy and kicked him in the stomach and foot then chased him and his cousin into the house, insulting them. He added that his son was terrified and unable to speak or move, he called him an ambulance that transported him to receive treatment and he called the police. Rowaydy filed a complaint with the police and presented them with medical reports.

  • Early on Friday, 11 December 2020, a group of settlers built a hit on Aref Jaber’s land in Al Baqa’a eastern Hebron, near “Kiryat Arba” settlement. Jaber stated to PCHR fieldworker that “I received a call that settlers built a hut inside my 50 dunum land in al-Baqa’a area while Israeli soldiers were present in the area. I went there my relative Saher Jaber and we spoke with the soldier; the settlers attacked us and pushed us out, throwing stones at my vehicle breaking its rear window; meanwhile, the soldiers did nothing to stop them. We went to “Kiryat Arba” police station to file a complaint.”
  • At approximately 11:00 on Saturday, 12 December 2020, a settler assaulted journalist Mohannad Kofeisheh (28) before the Israeli soldiers near Gilbert military checkpoint, established on the entrance of Tel Rumeida neighborhood while shooting a report on the coronavirus pandemic.

Kofeisheh made the following statement to PCHR fieldworker:

“I work for Palestine Sports TV and freelance with different media agencies. At approximately 11:00 on Saturday, I was near Gilbert checkpoint where a group of settlers was present and one of them said in Hebrew, which I understand, “I am going to beat him.” I approached one of the soldiers in the area and told him what I heard, and while I was speaking to him a settler approached me and hit me on the head, so I photographed him with my camera. The soldier yelled at me and told me and the settler to step away after a group gathered around us. Approximately 15 minute later an Israeli police force arrive in the area and I told a policeman what happened and showed him the photo of the settler and filed a complaint with him. Later, I went home and received a call from the Israeli police who ordered me to go to Gilbert checkpoint. Upon my arrival, they asked me to accompany them to the Ibrahimi Mosque police station to identify the settler; I went and stayed there for 30 minutes where I was told that I am under arrest as the settler had filed a complaint against me. I was taken to “Beitar Illit” police station via a police car in western Jerusalem. I was there for an hour; I was then admitted to an investigation room where I was investigated on the incident. I showed the investigator the footage on my camera which documented the settler’s assault on me. I was left in the hall and the police brought in the settler who stayed with the investigator for an hour and a half. The investigator ordered my release after I signed an unpaid bail of ILS3,000.

  • At approximately 12:00 on Sunday, 13 December 2020, a group of settlers from “Kiryat Arba” settlement assaulted civilian homes in al-Uddeisa village, northern Hebron. In an attempt to control the land. The settlers cursed the residents and threatened to burn their homes. The attack was preceded by settlers building a hut on Jaber family lands the day before.

IV. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

The West bank:

In addition to 108 permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals 64 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 6 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals’ movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF shut the eastern entrance to Kafr Malik town, northern Ramallah for four hours.
  • On Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF shut Beit El DCO checkpoint from 18:00 – 22:00 hindering traffic.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF established two temporary checkpoints at the entrance of Teqoa own and Akbat Hasna area.
  • On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF established two temporary checkpoints at the entrance of Teqoa and Akbat Hasna area.
  • At approximately 15:30 on Saturday, 12 December 2020, IOF shut the Container checkpoint hindering traffic. It was reopened later.
  • On Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF established 3 temporary checkpoints on the entrance to Beit Jala, Teqoa and al-Khader.
  • On Monday, 14 December 2020, IOF established 4 temporary checkpoints on the western entrances to Teqoa and Husan towns, and at the entrance to Akbat Hasna area and Marah Rabah village.
  • On Tuesday, 15 December 2020, IOF established 4 military checkpoints on the northern and western entrances to Teqoa town, Fureidis village, and in Akbar Hasna area.

Jericho:

  • On Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Jericho.
  • On Saturday, 12 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the southern and northern entrances to Jericho and at the intersection of al-Mo’arajat road, connecting between Jericho and Ramallah.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of “Shafi Shomron” settlement, west of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of “Shafi Shomron” settlement, west of Nablus.
  •  On Monday, 14 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of Burin, Tell and Madama villages, south of Nablus.
  • On Tuesday, 15 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint in the northern bridge of Madama village, southeast of Nablus. 


Jenin:

  • On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at al-Maniyia village square, northeast of Jenin.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Halhul village, at the southern entrance to Hebron and at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Fawwar refugee camp and at the northern entrance to Yatta city.
  • On Saturday, 12 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to Al-Arroub refugee camp, at the western entrance to Hebron and at the entrances to Susya and as-Samu villages.
  • On Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to as-Samu, Ash-Shuyukh and Tarqumiyah villages, and at the southern entrance to Hebron.

Qalqilya:

  • On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Jit village, north of Qalqilya, and removed it later.
  • On Sunday, 13 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Jit and Azzun villages, east of Qalqilya.

Salfit:

·         On Thursday, 10 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Deir Ballut village, west of Salfit.

·         On Friday, 11 December 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Salfit and prevented the city residents from entering or exciting it and allowed them to pass later.

·         On Saturday, 12 December 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Deir Ballut and Deir_Istiya villages.

·         On Tuesday, 15 December 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to Kafr ad-Dik village, west of Salfit; at the entrance to Kifl_Haris village, north of Salfit; and at the entrance to Salfit.

The Palestinian children of Karmiel know what Israeli apartheid is

Orly Noy is a journalist and a political activist based in Jerusalem.

Orly Noy

3 December 2020 11:09 UTC

The nation-state law has been invoked to reject a petition by students for reimbursement of their bus fares to Arabic-language schools

An Israeli flag flies in the northern city of Karmiel on 3 November (AFP)

Less than a day after Israel’s nation-state law was approved by the Knesset, Haaretz published a commentary by Jonathan Lis addressing its practical significance. “The nation-state law is mainly a symbolic measure designed to enshrine national values in a basic law,” he wrote.

Considerable commentary of this nature was heard at the time: Israel is defined as a Jewish state, with all the concomitant discriminatory ramifications. Many sought on that basis to mute criticism of the new law. Others understood that the law, officially legalising apartheid within Israel’s borders, would be more than merely symbolic.

Lawyer Hassan Jabareen, founder of the legal defence group Adalah, whose petition against the law has been pending for more than two years, described it nicely to me at the time: If hitherto Arab citizens could turn to the courts for help in fighting discrimination in the name of the law, from now on the legal system itself can validate apartheid, also in the name of the law.

Confiscated land

A 30 November article in Haaretz proves just how correct Jabareen’s point was, as the Krayot Magistrate’s Court recently cited the nation-state law as grounds to reject a petition from Arab children in Karmiel seeking reimbursement for their bus fares to Arab schools outside the town, since there are no Arab schools in Karmiel.

“Karmiel, a Jewish city, was founded to strengthen Jewish settlement in the Galilee,” Senior Registrar Yaniv Luzon wrote in his decision. “Establishing an Arabic-language school … [and] funding school transportation for Arab students, for anyone who needs it anywhere, could change the demographic balance of the city and damage its character.”   

The experience of more than seven decades proves that the Israeli legal establishment is an integral part of the system of Jewish superiority

It might be worth noting the founding circumstances of the “Jewish city” of Karmiel, whose character the chief registrar is so concerned about: Karmiel was established in 1964 on land confiscated from surrounding Arab villages.

Karmiel is one of more than 700 communities the state has built for the Jewish population since Israel’s founding, compared with none built for the Arab population – apart from a few towns in the Negev designed for the orderly resettlement of Bedouins whose lands the state coveted.

Though the two populations have grown at a similar rate since 1948, the apartheid land-use policy, which confiscates land from one population to build towns for the other, has so constricted Arab towns geographically that many of their residents have been forced to find housing in nearby Jewish towns.

But apartheid is unhappy with that too, apparently. It does not want Arabs in Jewish towns, and it also does not want to let them live on their own lands, separately. On the one hand, outright theft; on the other, a sense of superiority and racial purity.

‘Equal rights as individuals’

Back in the day, when the nation-state law was brought before the Knesset, its initiator, Avi Dichter, made the following appeal to Arab citizens: “You will be able to live as a national minority among us and enjoy equal rights as individuals, but not equality as a national minority.” 

Now, Senior Registrar Luzon clarifies, based on the nation-state law, even “living among us” is not a real option, because maintaining Jewish demographic superiority is an explicit goal of the law itself. That is, even if theoretically the Arab residents of Karmiel were prepared to send their children to the city’s Jewish schools – where they would be exposed to racist, militaristic indoctrination that, among other things, normalises the occupation – that would not be a solution. Their very presence in the city is unwanted, and fighting against it is considered legitimate and lawful.

Protesters denounce Israel’s nation-state law in the village of Jatt in October 2018 (AFP)
Protesters denounce Israel’s nation-state law in the village of Jatt in October 2018 (AFP)

The person who ought to have been battling for the rights of these students who petitioned the court for help is Education Minister Yoav Galant, who voted in favour of the nation-state law. Given the court’s decision, it is worth noting again the deception in the distinction made by Dichter between individual rights and national rights for Palestinian citizens. 

Has the massive confiscation of land belonging to Arab citizens been done on an individual or a national basis? Is the discrimination against Arab students carried out on an individual or a national basis? Is abandoning the security of Arab citizens and ignoring their victimisation by organised crime an individual or a national trend? Is preventing Arab families from making their homes in Jewish towns via residential screening committees happening on an individual or a national basis? 

Just one service was accomplished by the nation-state law for the public discourse in Israel, and that was tearing the mask away from all these manipulative and false distinctions.

Persecuting Palestinian identity

The children of Karmiel did not petition the court to allow them to wave a Palestinian flag or sing the Palestinian anthem in the city’s streets. They petitioned for the right to live in their city and study at a school where their language is spoken, and where they will not be viewed as inferior citizens. The court made it clear that their Palestinian identity makes them inferior and unwanted; that their very existence is a threat, by law.Why acknowledging Israeli apartheid is not enough

The country’s Arab citizens are persecuted for wanting to be who they are. Their Palestinian identity is what makes them, in the eyes of the Zionist government, less than fully reliable citizens. The intra-Zionist argument is only about limits to their rights, which are never material and are always conditional.

True, institutional and racist discrimination against Arab citizens of Israel existed even before the nation-state law. But with its passage, the parliament of Israel proudly proclaimed the legitimacy of the state’s apartheid foundations. Apartheid became the law of the land.

Although many petitions against the nation-state law are still pending, the experience of more than seven decades proves that the Israeli legal establishment is an integral part of the system of Jewish superiority. It is the gatekeeper. In that sense, Luzon has simply done what is expected of him.

The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye.

Read More »

Biden and the Middle East: Misplaced optimism

Khalil al-Anani

25 November 2020

The Arab region in general will not rank high on the list of foreign priorities for the incoming US president

US president-elect Joe Biden speaks in Wilmington, Delaware, on 19 November (AFP)

There has been a state of optimism in the Arab world since the announcement of Democratic candidate Joe Biden’s win in the US presidential election.

Even if the optimism is justified, especially in light of the disasters and political tragedies that the Arab region has witnessed and lived through over the past four years under President Donald Trump, this optimism is somewhat exaggerated. Some believe that the region under Biden will witness radical changes, breaking with Trump’s negative legacy – but I don’t think that will happen.

We need to dismantle the various issues that Biden is expected to engage with over the next four years in order to understand whether the situation will remain as it is, or undergo radical change. 

During the Biden era, the Arab region in general is not expected to rank high on the list of US foreign priorities. There are many reasons for this, including Biden’s vision, which does not stray far from the view of former US President Barack Obama on global issues and international conflicts, with Asia and the Pacific given priority over all other matters. 

The US relationship with China is an important file for any US administration, whether Republican or Democratic. As the rise of China represents an economic and security threat to the US, the Obama administration moved its foreign-policy compass towards China and the Pacific region. For Biden, China will continue to represent a top priority. 

The issue has become even more urgent in the wake of Trump’s more hostile policies towards China over the past four years. Observers will be watching as to whether Biden can put an end to what the average US citizen sees as Chinese encroachment and hegemony in global markets, at US expense. Some saw Trump’s China policies as a historic victory, due to the imposition of tariffs on US imports from China. 

The importance of accountability for China might be one of the few issues that has consensus among Americans of all orientations, but there are differences in how the issue is approached and handled. While Republicans, especially under Trump, use the confrontational method through the well-known strategy of “maximum pressure”, the Democrats prefer dialogue and cooperation with Beijing.

Iran, Israel and Arab authoritarians

In the Arab region, the three issues expected to dominate Biden’s agenda are the US relationships with Iran, Israel and the authoritarian regimes in Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the UAE.

We may witness an important shift in US policy towards Iran, especially on the nuclear file and Trump-era sanctions, which resulted in unprecedented levels of pressure on Tehran since the unilateral US withdrawal from the nuclear deal in 2018.

It is expected that Biden will bring the US back to the nuclear deal, but with new conditions – unless the Trump administration, in alliance with Israel, Saudi Arabia and the UAE, launches military strikes, as Trump has reportedly contemplated.

Biden and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu meet in Jerusalem in 2010 (Reuters)
Biden and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu meet in Jerusalem in 2010 (Reuters)

As for the US-Israel relationship, and in particular the issue of a two-state solution and normalisation with Arab countries, we can expect the status quo to continue. Despite Biden’s embrace of the two-state solution and rejection of Israeli attempts to impose a fait accompli on Palestinians, Biden is not expected to prevent Israel from annexing parts of the occupied West Bank.

US pressure on more Arab countries to normalise with Israel, as Trump pushed with the UAE, Bahrain and Sudan, may diminish. But this does not mean the Biden administration would impede any such normalisation. On the contrary, Biden welcomed the Gulf normalisation deals with Israel.

The issue of Israel’s security and qualitative superiority is a subject of agreement among Republicans and Democrats alike; none can imagine this changing under the Biden administration.

Condemnation without action

As for the US relationship with Arab authoritarian regimes, particularly with respect to support for human rights and democracy, while Biden may not support human rights violations – especially in Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the UAE – he is not expected to exert great pressure on these countries if the violations continue.

A Biden administration, for example, would not likely cut off military aid to Egypt, or halt arms sales to Saudi Arabia or the UAE as an objection to the Yemen war or their miserable record on issues of democracy and human rights – despite Biden’s pledge to the contrary during his election campaign. 

Statements and condemnations may be issued from time to time, but it is unlikely that they will translate into real policies and actions. While Biden will not consider someone like Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi his “favourite dictator”, as Trump did, he will not likely sever the relationship or punish Sisi seriously for his flagrant violations of human rights in Egypt.

Perhaps optimists in the Arab world should be wary of getting too hopeful about the incoming Biden administration and the potential for regional change. If it is true that the number of bad guys around the world will decrease due to Trump’s departure from power, this does not necessarily mean that the good guys will make a comeback with Biden coming to power.

Khalil al-AnaniKhalil al-Anani is a Senior Fellow at the Arab Centre for Research and Policy Studies in Washington DC. He is also an associate professor of political science at the Doha Institute for Graduate Studies. You can follow him on Twitter: @Khalilalanani.

Israel to Build Over 1,000 Settlement Units in East Jerusalem

November 15, 2020

Illegal Israeli settlement in Jerusalem. (Photo: File)

Israel on Sunday issued a tender for the construction of 1,257 settlement homes in the occupied East Jerusalem, according to local media, Anadolu Agency reports.

The Walla news website said the new settlement units will be constructed in the Givat HaMatos settlement in East Jerusalem, which was occupied by Israel during the 1967 Middle East war.

In 2014, Israel froze a decision to build 2,600 housing units in the same settlement due to international pressure.

There was no comment from Palestinian authorities on the Israeli construction plan.

On Thursday, the Israeli authorities approved the construction of 108 housing units in the Ramat Shlomo settlement in East Jerusalem.

According to Haaretz newspaper, the Israeli government plans to approve thousands of settlement units in East Jerusalem as a pre-empt step before the inauguration of US President-elect Joe Biden on January 20.

Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris stated in their electoral campaign that they would abide by the two-state solution to solve the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, a solution that contradicts with the Israeli settlement activity and Israeli plans to annex parts of the occupied West Bank.

The West Bank, including East Jerusalem, is regarded as an “occupied territory” under international law, thus making all Jewish settlements there illegal.

(MEMO, PC, Social Media)

Judaization Project in Wadi Al-Joz, Occupied Jerusalem with Emirati Support تهويد القدس بالمال الإماراتي

Judaization Project in Wadi Al-Joz, Occupied Jerusalem with Emirati Support

Judaization Project in Wadi Al-Joz, Occupied Jerusalem with Emirati Support

News – Middle East – Occupied Palestine: Emirati companies are ready to participate in a judaization project in occupied Jerusalem, aiming to transform an Arab neighborhood into a technological, industrial and commercial center, to become similar to the industrial zone in San Francisco Bay in California, USA, which is known as Silicon Valley, the municipality of the Zionist enemy has revealed.

he Lebanese newspaper Al-Akhbar said that the deputy mayor of the Zionist entity in occupied Jerusalem, Fleur Hassan-Nahoum, revealed that Emirati companies have expressed their willingness to invest in the “Silicon Valley” project.

According to Nahoum, who spoke to the Hebrew newspaper Makor Rishon, “Emirati businessmen and companies have shown their intense enthusiasm for investment and assistance, especially as it is in our interest to provide job opportunities for the residents of these neighborhoods.”

She pointed out that the Emiratis were motivated to invest in occupied Jerusalem for improving the economic situation of the Jerusalemites and to cut off the Turkish arm as they were provided with information about Turkish influence among Jerusalemites. They have concerns about the moves of the Turkish President, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, through associations there.

Months ago, the entity’s Jerusalem municipality announced the launch of what it claimed was a “new historic plan” for East Jerusalem.

According to the Hebrew Broadcasting Corporation, Kan, “the plan includes a huge project to establish Silicon Valley, which is a huge strategic plan, according to which the areas of the financial and business sector, shops and hotel rooms will be expanded in a large size in the eastern part of Jerusalem.” .

Within the framework of this plan, “within a few years, 200 thousand square meters will be built for commercial establishments and operating centers in the high-tech industries, in addition to 50 thousand square meters for shops, as well as 50 thousand square meters for hotels.

According to the promotional tape published by the municipality, the proposed plan, called “Silicon Valley”, is concentrated in the Wadi Al-Joz neighborhood, and it is part of the government’s five-year plan “to develop Jerusalem and reduce the gaps between its west and east”, at a total cost of about $700 million.

The project deprives the Palestinians of any participation in determining the organizational status of the neighborhoods and places they live. It also affects the lives of more than 300,000 Palestinians, and impedes the possibility of demographic expansion. Silicon Valley’s goal is to connect the two parts of the occupied city within the framework of what is known as “united or greater Jerusalem, the capital of Israel”, and expel the Jerusalemites from their lands by striking the core of their livelihoods.


تهويد القدس بالمال الإماراتي

«سيليكون فالي» نسخة إسرائيلية
هناك مخطّطان يجري الخلط بينهما، ومن المفترض أن يُصادَق نهائياً على مشروع «وادي سيليكون» نهاية العام (أ ف ب )

«سيليكون فالي» نسخة إسرائيلية

«200 ألف متر مربع… ثورة في القدس الشرقية… عشرة آلاف فرصة عمل.. من وادي الجوز إلى وادي سيليكون». عشرات العناوين المماثلة تتصدّر المشهد في القدس المحتلة منذ طرح بلدية الاحتلال واحداً من أضخم المشاريع الاستيطانية الصناعية – التجارية، التي تُهدّد بالقضاء على معالم الأحياء العربية في القدس، وحرمان مئات المقدسيين أرزاقهم. فما حقيقة هذا المشروع؟ وإلى أين وصلت أذرع الأخطبوط الإماراتي في شأن الاستثمار فيه؟قبل خمسة شهور، أطلقت بلدية الاحتلال في مدينة القدس واحدة من أضخم الخطط الاستيطانية، هادفةً إلى تحويل الأحياء العربية إلى مركز تكنولوجي وصناعي وتجاري، لتغدو شبيهة بالمنطقة الصناعية في خليج سان فرانسيسكو في ولاية كاليفورنيا الأميركية، والتي تُعرَف بـ«سيليكون فالي». الهدف، كما أعلنته البلدية الإسرائيلية على لسان رئيسها موشيه ليئون في مقابلة مع صحيفة «إسرائيل اليوم»، هو «توفير أكثر من عشرة آلاف فرصة عمل لسكّان المنطقة ومحيطها، ودفْع شركات التكنولوجيا إلى الاستثمار في المشروع الذي يتضمّن مراكز تجارية وأخرى سياحية كالفنادق وغيرها»، فضلاً عن «تعزيز الثقة بين سكّان هذه المناطق الفلسطينيين وبين البلدية والحكومة الإسرائيليتَين، ولذلك تعمل البلدية أيضاً على ملاءمة مناهج التعليم في المدارس المقدسية لتُلبّي سوق العمل الذي يُعنى به المشروع». هكذا، وفق ادّعاءات ليئون، المعروف بميوله اليمينية المتطرّفة، يُراد «خلق الثقة» لدى سكّان ما يُعرف بـ»القدس الشرقية» من طريق شرائهم بفرص عمل، وتبديل معالم الأحياء العربية التي يقطنونها، فضلاً عن أسرلة مناهج التعليم في المدارس المقدسية، لا بهدف أسرلة الطلبة مثلما هو معمول في المدارس الحكومية الإسرائيلية في مناطق الـ48 المحتلّة، بل بهدف «ملاءمتها مع فرص العمل» فقط!

الخطّة المطروحة، التي تحمل اسم «وادي سيليكون»، تتركّز، بحسب الشريط الترويجي الذي نشرته البلدية، في حيّ وادي الجوز، وهو جزء من الخطة الخمسيّة الحكومية «لتطوير القدس وتقليص الفجوات بين غربها وشرقها» بتكلفة إجمالية تصل إلى نحو 700 مليون دولار. ومن المفترض أن تمتدّ شركات «الهاي – تك» على مساحة 200 ألف متر مربع، فيما الفنادق على مساحة 50 ألف متر مربع، والمراكز التجارية على مساحة 50 ألف متر مربع أخرى. وفي تصريحات رئيس البلدية، يشير الأخير إلى أن ثمّة مشروعاً آخر يستهدف تطوير البنى التحتية والشوارع، حيث من المفترض أن يُحوّل 13 شارعاً إلى ما يُعرَف بشوارع الأرصفة.
في هذا الإطار، يلفت المحامي مهنّد جبارة، في اتصال مع «الأخبار»، إلى أن هناك بلبلة نتيجة «التباس الأمر ربّما على وسائل الإعلام، إذ خلط بعضها بين وادي سيليكون ومشروع تنظيم البنى التحتية والشوارع في مركز مدينة القدس»، موضحاً أنه «قبل أيام فقط، أودعت البلدية مخطّطاً ضخماً يُحدّد سياسات التنظيم الإسرائيلية في مركز المدينة للقدس الشرقية». وبالرغم من أن هذا المشروع يُعدّ له منذ 20 عاماً، فقد أعطت بلدية الاحتلال 60 يوماً فقط للسكّان الفلسطينيين للاعتراض عليه. وفي التفاصيل، يَتبيّن أن من شأن المخطّط أن يُبدّل معالم الشوارع العربية، جاعلاً بعضها شوارع أرصفة ضمن الرؤية الإسرائيلية التي ستعتمدها البلدية لتنظيم العقارات والمباني والمساحات الفارغة في مركز المدينة شرق القدس. يؤدي ذلك، وفق جبارة، إلى «تقييد وحصر أيّ تمدّد عمراني مستقبلي في هذه المنطقة، فضلاً عن أنه يحرم السكّان الأصليين من أيّ مشاركة في تحديد الوضعية التنظيمية للأحياء والأماكن التي يسكنونها». كما أنه يؤثر في حياة أكثر من 300 ألف فلسطيني، ويعيق إمكانية التمدّد الديمغرافي؛ إذ إنه يشترط بناء خمس طبقات فقط لكلّ مبنى، في حين تمنح البلدية المستوطنين اليهود في غرب القدس إمكان البناء حتى 16 طابقاً.

مساحة المشروع الإجمالية نحو 300 ألف متر مربع بين شركات تكنولوجية ومجمّعات تجارية وفندقية


يُطلق على المخطّط المذكور أعلاه اسم «مشروع مركز المدينة شرق»، وهو يبدأ من منطقة المصرارة على الشارع الرقم 1، مروراً بشوارع: السلطان سليمان، وصلاح الدين، والزهراء، والأصفهاني، والرشيد، وشارع عثمان بن عفان في وادي الجوز، وصولاً إلى منطقة الشيخ جراح وفندق «الأمريكان كولوني»، انتهاءً بالشارع الفاصل بين شطرَي المدينة الشرقي والغربي. على أن جبارة يؤكد أن هذا المخطّط «لا علاقة له بما يُتداول أخيراً حول مصادقة البلدية على المخطّط العام لمشروع وادي سيليكون، الذي يهدف إلى إغلاق المنطقة الصناعية في وادي الجوز … ومن المتوقع المصادقة عليه نهاية هذا العام».
وبالعودة إلى هذا الأخير، أي «مشروع وادي سيليكون»، فهو يشمل «تطوير وسائل النقل العام، وتوسيع المساحات الخضراء… وكلية تكنولوجية لتدريب المقدسيين وتدريسهم، وتوفير فرص عمل للنساء العربيات»، كما يدّعي رئيس البلدية الاحتلالية. على أن تغيير معالم الأحياء، وقضم كلّ هذه المساحات بداعي «تطوير القدس الشرقية»، ليس كرمى لعيون أهلها، إذ يبدو واضحاً أن الهدف من المشروع وصل شطرَي المدينة المحتلة في إطار ما يُعرف بـ«القدس الموحّدة أو الكبرى عاصمة لإسرائيل»، وطرد المقدسيين من أراضيهم عبر ضرب صلب معيشتهم وأرزاقهم، وهو السبب الوحيد الذي من أجله قد تترك البلدية الإسرائيلية، التي أهملت لسنوات هذه الأحياء، مناطق ما يعرف بالقدس الغربية لتستثمر في شرق القدس؛ إذ كيف من المفترض أن تُوفّر الخطة فرص العمل وتُحسّن حياة المقدسيين، بينما يتحتّم بموجبها هدم 200 منشأة تجارية وصناعية في المنطقة الصناعية الوحيدة التي لا يزال الفلسطينيون يملكونها في القدس، وترك أصحابها من دون عمل؟
وينبّه مدير «مركز القدس للحقوق الاجتماعية والاقتصادية»، زياد الحموري، إلى أن «المشروع الذي تسوّق له البلدية منذ مدّة خطير جداً، فهو يهدّد 200 عقار بين منشأة صناعية وأمكنة سكنية بالهدم، وسيمتدّ على طول الشارع في حيّ وادي الجوز، حيث من المفترض أن يربط المؤسّسات مثل المدارس الدينية اليهودية، ووزارة الداخلية ومنطقة الجامعة، وغيرها من المؤسسات الواقعة في المستوطنات المحيطة، بعضها ببعض». ويضيف الحموري،
في حديثه إلى «الأخبار»، أن المشروع «سيجعل المنطقة كلّها تبدو كأنها مساحة جغرافية متصلة تمتدّ حتى منطقة رأس العمود، حيث توجد قبور كثيرة لليهود فوق سلوان وجبل الطور، وهذا يعني أن الممرّ الذي سيقوم عليه المشروع هو ممرّ واسع وكبير جداً».

الدور الإماراتي
بعد عودتها من الإمارات الشهر المنصرم، كشفت نائبة رئيس البلدية الاحتلالية في القدس، فلر ناحوم، أن شركات إماراتية أبدت استعدادها للاستثمار في مشروع «وادي السيليكون». لم يبدُ ذلك مستغرباً في ظلّ مسارعة أبو ظبي إلى التطبيع في شتى المجالات، من تلزيم حجّ الفلسطينيين لـ»شركة موانئ دبي»، وفتح الخطّ البحري للشحن إلى ميناء حيفا المحتلة، إلى تسويق النبيذ الإسرائيلي المصنّع في مستوطنات الجولان السوري المحتل، وليس انتهاءً بتسويق البطاطس الإسرائيلية في محال الخضار. ووفق ناحوم، التي تحدّثت إلى صحيفة «ماكور ريشون» الإسرائيلية، فإن «رجال أعمال وشركات إماراتية أبدوا حماستهم الشديدة للاستثمار والمساعدة، وخاصة أن من مصلحتنا توفير فرص عمل لسكّان هذه الأحياء». وعلى الرغم من أن المقدسيين دائماً ما يستقبلون المطبّعين الإماراتيين بالأحذية، ادّعت ناحوم أنهم «يرون في اتفاق السلام مع الإمارات فرصة لتحسين وضعهم المعيشي والاجتماعي – الاقتصادي… هذه فرصة لربط سكان القدس بالإمارات».
لكن اللافت في حديثها هو أن ما حرّك الإماراتيين للاستثمار في القدس «بحجّة تحسين الوضع الاقتصادي للمقدسيين»، هو قطع الذراع التركية؛ إذ إنها قدّمت لهم «معلومات عن النفوذ التركي في أوساط المقدسيين… ولمست تخوّفاتهم من تحرّكات الرئيس التركي، رجب طيب إردوغان، (عبر الجمعيات) هناك». وبحسبها، «غضب الإماراتيون الذين لم يكونوا على دراية بهذه التفاصيل، وأبدوا حماستهم للاستثمار في المشروع، حيث من شأن ذلك أن يُضيّق على أنشطة الأتراك».

Further Betrayal of Palestinians

By The Muslim News

Global Research, October 07, 2020

The Muslim News 25 September 2020

The old idiom says, “possession is nine-tenths of the law”, but in the case of the dispossessed Palestinians, occupation represents one hundred per cent of the law after their land was usurped due to Israel’s creation some 82 years ago. Other Arab territories have been annexed in a succession of wars that followed too.

Justice is further away than ever with the UAE and Bahrain formally becoming the latest Arab countries to sell out their Palestinian brethren by normalising relations with Israel, despite Israel’s continued illegal military occupation of Palestinian land and the expansions of illegal settlements and destruction of Palestinian homes.

Both Arab dictators proceeded to formally sign agreements to normalise relations with Israel at a ceremony hosted by President, Donald Trump, the most pro-Israel US leader since Harry Truman who presided over the recognition of Israel in 1948.

Trump has torn up so many international conventions and norms by moving the US embassy to Jerusalem, despite its special status, as well as handing over Syria’s Golan Heights that have been illegally occupied by Israel for over half a century.

Trump’s “No-Peace/Peace Plan” for Palestine. Netanyahu/Gantz Invited to White House to Discuss “Deal of the Century”

The move by the UAE and Bahrain to the Israeli camp is also a shift to realign the Middle East against Iran, described by Benjamin Netanyahu as Tel Aviv’s biggest enemy. Tehran was one of just a few countries to publicly condemn the normalisation of relations, describing it as “shameful” and a “humiliating act.”

Trump has tried to turn the rest of the world against Iran by trying to destroy the landmark nuclear deal by unilaterally withdrawing. According to Middle East Eye Editor, David Hearst, the new alliance in the Middle East could also be targeted against Turkey’s influence in the region.

The deal was brokered by Trump’s son-in-law, Jared Kushner and former British PM, Tony Blair, who called the deal “a massive and welcome opportunity to recast the politics of the region.”

The former envoy to the Middle East Quartet has spent much of his forced retirement time trying to encourage Arab countries to build cooperation with Israel based on a “shared outlook.”

He is credited with turning the accepted formula of “peace with the Palestinians before normalisation” on its head by effectively relegating their legitimate aspirations for a viable state to the back of the queue.

Perplexingly, apart from dangling the prospects of more US military sales, the UAE is reported to have received a pledge from Netanyahu that Israel will temporarily suspend its plans to annex parts of the occupied West Bank, not to carry out the usurpation of territories already illegally seized for decades.

The new alliances are a further trampling of Palestinian rights by Israel’s incessant illicit encroachments. The theft of their land is a legacy of British colonialism and placing a special responsibility on the UK to put right before might.

The latest Arab alliance, which some suspect comes ahead of Saudi Arabia following suit, is a sad day, not just a more betrayal and as such sets a precedent that there is little sense of justice left in the world.

*

Note to readers: please click the share buttons above or below. Forward this article to your email lists. Crosspost on your blog site, internet forums. etc.The original source of this article is The Muslim NewsCopyright © The Muslim NewsThe Muslim News, 2020

Occupying Palestine Is Rotting ‘Israel’ From Inside. No Gulf ‘Peace’ Deal Can Hide That

Occupying Palestine Is Rotting ‘Israel’ From Inside. No Gulf ‘Peace’ Deal Can Hide That

By Raja Shehadeh – The Guardian

More than a quarter of a century after Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat shook hands on the White House lawn, ‘Israel’ has managed to turn its occupation of Palestinian territory from a burden into an asset. What was for so long a liability – the flagrant violation of international law – has now become a valued commodity. Understanding this development is key to explaining why the ‘Israelis’ are making ‘peace’ with two distant Gulf states but not their closest neighbors, the Palestinians – without whom there can be no real ‘peace.’

‘Israel’ has learned in recent years how to manage the occupation in perpetuity with minimal cost. But from the very beginning of the occupation in June 1967, ‘Israel’ has been unwilling to recognize the Palestinian nation or cede control of the Palestinian territory occupied in order to make ‘peace.’

The evidence to support this claim is easily found in ‘Israel’s’ own archives. Two days after the occupation began, ‘Israel’ passed military order number three, which referred to the fourth Geneva convention relative to the protection of civilian persons in time of war – mandating that military courts apply the provisions of the convention to their proceedings. Four months later, this portion of the order was deleted.

In September 1967, the legal counsel to the ‘Israeli’ foreign ministry, Theodor Meron, was asked by the prime minister, Levi Eshkol, whether building new settlements in the occupied territories would violate the Geneva convention, which prohibits an occupying power from transferring its civilians into the territory seized in war. He answered in the affirmative. But his advice was rejected and the government proceeded from that moment to establish illegal Jewish settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories.

Over the following months, ‘Israel’ began a process that would continue for many years: amending laws governing Palestinian land – from the periods of Ottoman, British mandate and Jordanian control of the territory – to construct a false “legal” basis for the acquisition of land and other natural resources for the establishment of Jewish settlements.

I spent much of my working life, from 1979 until 1993, investigating and resisting ‘Israel’s’ abuses of law in the occupied territories, and warning about the implications of building illegal settlements, all to no avail.

Yet it was not the legal transformations alone that enabled settlements to be built and to flourish. The militant Zionist thinker Vladimir Jabotinsky had written, in the 1920s, that “settlement[s] can … develop under the protection of a force that is not dependent on the local population behind an iron wall which they will be powerless to break down”. And so it was.

There was an added component to the transformation of the laws to enable the settlement project and that was sheer violence by settlers: vigilante actions that seemed to go against the law ‘Israel’ had put down and bound itself to. In the early 80s Al-Haq, a West Bank-based human rights organization that I was then directing, worked hard to document incidents of settler violence.

At the time we naively believed that if only ‘Israelis’ knew what was taking place and the failure of law enforcement to stop it, they would take action to prevent it. We were unaware that it was all part of the ‘Israeli’ struggle for the land. The agents of the orderly ‘state’ can stay within the boundaries of their rewritten laws while the unruly settlers do the work of intimidation and violence to achieve the desired goal. It is all part of the same scheme.

Since the start of the coronavirus pandemic, settler violence in the West Bank has become an almost daily occurrence. It is all out in the open and the government and the courts are on the same page in supporting the settlers and working to achieve the goal of greater ‘Israel.’ The Knesset has passed the regularization bill, which “legalizes” settlements built on privately owned Palestinian land via de facto expropriation.

While Jewish settler violence against the Palestinians rages – preventing Palestinians from working their land or using it as their own, with no real attempt by the ‘Israeli’ military or police to prevent this – ‘Israel’ declares any and all Palestinian resistance to occupation to be terrorism.

When Palestinians began to organize non-violent resistance to the occupation, ‘Israel’ redefined attacks by the army on these unarmed protesters to bring them under the category of “combat operations”. Recently, the villagers of Kafr Qaddum were staging weekly demonstrations against the blocking of a road, which prevented access to their village, because it was claimed that the road passes through a new part of the settlement of Kedumim. The army planted explosives on roads used by the villagers – but the soldiers who took this decision would be immune from prosecution for any injuries caused to the villagers.

With all these “victories” on ‘Israel’s’ part, it has now decided that it can manage the occupation rather than end it. The occupation even began to be seen as an asset. ‘Israel’ has turned the occupied territories into a laboratory for testing weapons and systems of surveillance. ‘Israelis’ now market their crowd control weapons and systems of homeland security to the US, based on testing in the occupied territories. Yet all this financial investment in the occupation – and all the twisting of domestic laws to protect the illegal settlement project, all the political contortions to cultivate authoritarian allies, from Trump to Orban to Bolsonaro – is rotting ‘Israel’ from the inside, turning it into an apartheid ‘state’ that rules over millions of Palestinians without rights.

In Arundhati Roy’s novel The Ministry of Utmost Happiness, one of her characters, Musa, says that if Kashmiris have failed to gain independence from India, at least in struggling for it they have exposed the corruption of India’s system. Musa tells the book’s narrator, an Indian: “You’re not destroying us. It’s yourselves that you are destroying.” Palestinians today might say the same of our struggle with ‘Israel.’

Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine September 3 – 9, 2020

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-faceted violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized by excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF wounded 9 Palestinian civilians in excessive use of force during raids into Palestinian cities. IOF also continued its policy of demolishing and destroying Palestinian houses and facilities for its settlement expansion schemes. Additionally, this week witnessed a significant increase in arrest campaigns against Palestinians, especially in Hebron.

The curfew continues in the Gaza Strip for the second week in a row to limit the spread of coronavirus after cases were discovered outside quarantine centers. PCHR warns of the catastrophic implications of coronavirus spread in the Gaza Strip, especially with its already-exhausted health care system due to 14 years of illegal and inhumane closure and collective punishment policies imposed by IOF on the Gaza Strip.

This week, PCHR documented 164 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the occupied Palestinian territories (oPt). It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information contained in this report is only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: IOF wounded 9 civilians in IOF excessive use of force in the West Bank: 4 were wounded in two separate incidents in Ramallah; 2 (brothers) sustained shrapnel wounds from a bomb used by IOF to open the door to their house in Jenin refugee camp; IOF arrested both brothers after causing them critical wounds; 3 others were wounded near the annexation wall in Qalqilia.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF opened fire 3 times at agricultural lands and once at fishing boats, eastern and western Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 90 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 97 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children and 4 women. In Gaza, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Khan Younis, southern Gaza Strip; also, IOF arrested a mentally ill Palestinian woman after she snuck into Israel through the Gaza Strip’s northern coastal border.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: Israeli occupation authorities continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, PCHR documented 8 violations, including:

Israeli settler-attacks: PCHR documented 3 attacks by settlers in the West Bank: assault on civilians and their vehicles in Ramallah; rocks thrown at civilian houses in Hebron; attack on vehicle in Nablus. It should be noted that several cars sustained damage (shattered glass).

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst blockade in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

For the third consecutive week, curfew is still imposed on the Gaza Strip to contain the outbreak of coronavirus, especially after coronavirus cases were confirmed outside the quarantine centers in the Gaza Strip. As a result, the suffering of Gaza Strip population has increased, PCHR fears a catastrophic deterioration in living conditions if the curfew is maintained for a lengthy period without a protection mechanism for the poor, unemployed and limited-income families, as well as daily workers who have lost their sources of income due to the state of emergency and curfew.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

I. Shooting and Other Violations of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity:

  • At approximately 13:15 on Friday, 04 September 2020, IOF stormed Deir Abu Mashal village, northwest of Ramallah, and stationed in the vicinity of the village’s main entrance. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian civilians gathered and threw stones at IOF while the latter responded with live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a 20-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in his feet and a 19-year-old was shot with a tear gas canister in his neck. The wounded civilians were transferred to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah for medical treatment. IOF closed the village’s main entrance with sand barriers before they withdrew from it at 14:30. A number of young men managed to open the entrance.
  • At approximately 14:00 on the same Friday, a number of young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiya area in the center of Hebron and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada’a closed street. A number of soldiers at the above-mentioned checkpoint fired sound bombs at stone-throwers and then stationed behind cement cubes that were present in front of the checkpoint. The young men gathered again and threw stones at the soldiers while the latter responded with rubber bullets and tear-gas canisters. As a result, a number of young men suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. Clashes between IOF and the young men continued until 18:00. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 07:00 on Saturday, 05 September 2020, IOF stormed Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They surrounded a house owned by Mohammed Fadel Jad’oun (27) in the center of the camp and blew up the door with an explosive bomb. As a result, the door was destroyed, and Mohammed and his brother Ahmed (23) sustained critical wounds resulting from the bomb’s shrapnel and the door’s shattered pieces as they were sleeping behind the door in the first floor of their 2-story house. IOF arrested both brothers and carried them out on stretchers.
  • At approximately 09:30 on the same Saturday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of al-Fukhari village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:30 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Shoka village, east of Rafah, south of the Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds in the area adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 18:00 on the same Saturday, IOF reinforced with several military SUVs stormed al-Mazra’a al-Sharqiya village, northeast of Ramallah. A number of young men gathered at the village’s main entrance and threw stones at military vehicles that were present in the area. A number of young men stepped out of their vehicles and indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at stone-throwers and chased them in the village neighborhoods and streets. Confrontations continued until 21:00 on the same day. Many civilians suffocated due to tear gas canisters. No arrests were arrested.
  • At approximately 21:20 on the same Saturday, IOF stationed near the annexation wall’s gate, adjacent to Hablah village, south of Qalqilia, fired rubber-coated steel bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at a number of Palestinian workers, attempting to enter Israel for work. As a result, 3 civilians, from Qalqilia, were wounded; 2 of them sustained rubber bullets wounds in their lower extremities and the third (19) was shot with a rubber bullet in his jaw and he was transferred to Nablus Specialty Hospital.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Sunday, 06 September 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of al-Fukhari village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:45 on Monday, 07 September 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip chased and sporadically opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). The shooting continued for 2 hours. Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:30, on the same Monday, IOF stormed the cemetery area in the center of Al-Eizariya village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They combed the area. In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at IOF while the latter heavily fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters in the area. As a result, large parts of Omran al-Jerjawi’s house was burned after a number of sound bombs fell in the house.
  • At approximately 00:10 on Tuesday, 08 September 2020, a group of Israeli settlers took part from “Shilo” settlement established on part of Eastern Ramallah villages, into “Ras Etin” area, east of Kafr Malek village, north of Al-Mughira, Deir Jarir, and Tormos-Ayya villages, north east of Ramallah. The area is inhabited by Abu Salama Bedouin family. When settlers stormed the area, its residents gathered and attempted to confront them by throwing stones at them. Israeli forces immediately arrived at the area and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at civilians and clashed with them. As a result, two civilians were shot with rubber-coated steel rounds, both in their feet. Both the injured were transferred to the medical center in Tormos-Ayya village, for treatment.

II. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 03 September 2020:

  • At approximately 00:50, IOF moved into Asira al-Shamaliya village, north of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mohammed Omar Yasin’s (25) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Ammer, north of Hebron, and stationed in Beit Zeita neighborhood. They invaded and searched two houses belonging to Ayman Hamad Abu Maria (20), and Mohammed Waheed Abu Maria (21), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Yatta village, south of Hebron governorate, and stationed in Roq’a neighborhood. They raided and searched Fadi Bader Mohammed al-‘Ammour’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Montaser Sibta (14) and Mahmoud Sa’di al-Rajabi (25) and detained them.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Deir Abu Mish’al village, northwest of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ahmed Omar Zahran (43) and Wael Mohammed Atta (49), who were former prisoners in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 02:40, IOF moved into Tulkarem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Rami As’ad Shalbaya (38) and Mahmoud Shihada Yousef Khalil (28) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Burin, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched Mohammed Mizhir Zibin’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Bal’a village, north of Tulkarem. They raided and searched Osaid Othman Suliman’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Ram village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Shadi Kenana’s (21) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 03:40, IOF moved into Kafr Ne’ma village, west of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians; Saif Mohammed Abdo (27), Ahmed Mahmoud Taha (45), and Maher Mohammed Abdu (34). IOF released Maher Abdu later.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Hizma village, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Fawzi al-Khatib’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • In dawn hours, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. They arrested Ra’ed Fathallah Hantouli (35), from Silat al-Thuhr village, southwest of Jenin. It should be noted that Ra’ed is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 05:00, Israeli forces moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Emad Omar Abu al-Hija’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stationed at one of the temporary military checkpoints established on the entrance of Hebron’s Old City, arrested Dalal Ahmed Erzeikat (29), from Tafouh village, west of Hebron. They claimed that she was in possession of a knife, and she was taken to “Kiryat Arba’” settlement for investigation, east of Hebron.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Nablus and Qarawat Bani Hassan, West of Salfit; Beit Kahel, al-Majd, Shoyoukh al-‘Aroub, and al-Fawwar refugee camp, in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 04 September 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Taqoua’ village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched the house of the former prisoner, Shorouq Mohammed al-Badan (25), and arrested her. It should be noted that IOF released al-Badan two months ago, after spending a year under the administrative arrest in the Israeli prisons. On 15, July 2019, IOF moved into her house in Taqoua’, and she was taken to “Hasharon” prison after referring her to Damon prison. She is a mother of a 3 years old daughter, and she suffered several health deteriorations due to the difficult conditions in the prison.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stationed at “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem, arrested (3) civilians from Hebron’s Old City, after referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services there. The detainees are: Ahed Ghazi Jabrin (20), Khaled Alaa al-Sharif (22), and Haroun Ahed al-Rajabi (19).
  • At approximately 20:55, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint in the entrance of Deir Sharaf village, on the western entrance of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They arrested Malek Adel Mahmoud (26), from Beit Imrin village, northwest of the city.

Saturday, 05 September 2020:

  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested four employees of the Islamic Endowments Department, Hiba Sarhan (a female guard at the mosque), Imran al-Ashhab, Imad Abdeen and Bilal Awadallah, while on duty in the mosque, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They were taken to al-Qishla police station for investigation, and they were released on condition that banning their entry to the mosque for a week. Eyewitnesses said that, Hiba Sarhan attempted to prevent an Israeli officer from entering the Dome of the Rock building from the women’s gate, so the police assaulted and detained three other employees after they intervened to defend Sarhan and prevent her arrest. Immediately, IOF arrived to the scene and arrested the four employees.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mo’tasem Hamza Obaid’s (17) house, severely assaulted and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:08, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint near Jaba’ village, south of Jenin, arrested Tareq Mohammed al-A’raj (23), from Anabta village, east of Tulkarem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Beit Ammer, Hebron, and al-Thaheriya villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 06 September 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mahmoud Nimir Ashwa’s (16) house and arrested him. He was released after several hours of investigation after imposing the house arrest for 5 days, and third-party guarantee.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Hizna village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ibrahim Fayez Sbaih’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Aqabat Jabr refugee camp, southwest of Jericho. They raided and searched Baker Na’el al-Hindi’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:00, IOF stationed on “Container” military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Nour Sa’di al-Hasanat (17), from al-Dheisheh refugee camp, south of the city, while driving his car and passing through the military checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 06:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved 100-meters to the east of Khuza’a, east of Khan Younis. They leveled and combed lands and redeployed to the north of the border fence several hours later.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF stormed al-Aqsa Mosque, in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They mounted the roofs of the Shareya School for boys and the Shareya School for girls, adjacent to the northern and western walls of al-Asqa Mosque. They planted two speakers and electronic devices on the roof of both schools.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into the southern area of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Naseem Maher al-Atrash (29), and Jalal Dawoud Abu Snaina (22).
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in al-Hadab village, al-Hila, east of Yatta; Tarqoumiya, and Sa’eer villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 07 September 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Towr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Sari Sami Abu al-Hawa’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hebron, and stationed in al-Bassa street. They raided and searched Hamza Omar Abdul Qader Abu Aysha’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Qalandia refugee camp, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Atef Mutair’s (27) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbiya village, north of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yehya Hasan Ladadwa (29) and Mohammed Mustafa Shraiteh (35) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:50, IOF moved into Aqabat Jabr refugee camp, southwest of Jericho. They raided and searched Nassar Abu Dahouk’s (40) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:30, IOF arrested Riyad Asfour al-Salaima (26), while present in one of the stores in Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF stationed at (160) military checkpoint established in the east of the Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron’s Old City, arrested Mohammed Montaser al-‘Ajlouni (18), claiming that he was in possession of a knife. IOF took him to “Kiryat Arba’” investigation center, east of Hebron.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF stationed in the “Container” military checkpoint, northeast of Bethlehem, arrested Eissa Nasri Salama Rizkallah (39), from Beit Jala, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 17:40, IOF arrested Adam Darwish, an Algerian tourist, at al-Aqsa Mosque and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yazan Emran Obaid’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 20:00, IOF stationed along the border fence, northwest of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, arrested Mofida Khader Mahmoud al-Ghoul (38), after swimming and sneaking to Zikim military base. IOF opened fire and light bombs in the sky and took her to one of the investigation centers. Her family said that Mofida suffers from mental disorders, she was walking with her family along the fence until she got lost at approximately 19:30. Her family were surprised when they saw the Israeli army’s release about arresting a female while swimming to Zikim military base. At approximately 23:00, she was released through Beit Hanoun “Erez” checkpoint.
  • At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Wadi Rahhal village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Jamal Aref Zeyada’s house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in Gush Etzion settlement, south of the city.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Dura, Deir Samet, al-Thaheriya, and Surif villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 08 September 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli soldiers moved into Marah Rabah village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ahmed Qasem al-Shaikh’s (50) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military checkpoint moved into Beit Ammer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched (4) houses and arrested (4) civilians; Ahmed Khader Abu Maria (55), Saqer Ahmed Sabarna (37), Mo’ayad Hussain al-Tit (28), and Tha’er Ribhi Awad (26).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Bani Ni’ma village, east of Hebron. They raided and searched Munir Faraj Manasra’s (44) house and detained him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Thaheriya village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched (5) houses and arrested (5) civilians; Siham Khalil al-Batat (58), Mohammed Isma’el al-Tol (55), Mahmoud al-Tol (49), Zeid Ali Abu Dayya (43), and Atef Ali Raba’ (42).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Ethna village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Mo’ath Mohammed Abu Jhaisha’s (33) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-‘Asja village, southeast of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They invaded and searched two houses and arrested Ahmed Mahmoud Abu Sondos (41) and Tha’er Jihad Abu Sondos (36).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Deir Samit, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched five houses and arrested (5) civilians; Abdul Baset Owda al-Haroub (50), Owda Mohammed al-Haroub (48), Dia’ Ismael Masalma (33), Sharhabil Badawi Masalma (28), and Mohammed Abdul Hameed Masamla (37).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Surif, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Marwan Abduol Qader Abu Fara’s (38) house and detained him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Yousef Mohammed Abu Afifa (31) and Abdul Fattah Ayed Abu Sil (25).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into several neighborhoods in Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (12) civilians; PCHR keeps the names.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF stormed Birzeit village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house owned by Ezz Khalaf Abdul Mohsen Shalan (19) and arrested him.
  • At the same time, IOF reinforced with several military SUVs stormed Abu Shukheidim village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mahmoud Mousa Ali Qendah’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF stormed Harmalah area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house owned by Mohammed and Yasser Mahmoud Sabbah (37) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military SUVs raided and searched several residential areas in Yatta, Hebron. They raided and searched several houses from which they detained 5 civilians: Ibrahim Eid Suleiman Hathalin (44), Fadel Yusuf Jabarin (40), Hutheifah Isamil Manasrah (33), his brother Qutaiba (31) and Iyad Mohammed Jabrin al-Amour (39).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF stormed al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Essam Darwish (19) and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, Israeli soldiers stationed at Abu al-Resh military checkpoint established south of the Ibrahimi Mosque in the center of Hebron’s Old City, arrested Amenah Abdul Ghani Abu Turki (24) claiming that she had a knife. She was taken to “Kiryat Arba” settlement, east of Hebron.
  • IOF carried out 3 incursions in Silwad and Burham villages in Ramallah; and Yasuf village, east of Salfit.

III. Settlement Expansion and Settler Violence in the West Bank

a. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property

  • On Saturday, 04 September 2020, Israeli authorities issued a seizure decision against 6 dunams and 75 (sqm) from Dir Sam’an area in Kafr ad-Dik village, in addition to 17 other dunams and 915 (sqm) from Kherbet al-Qal’ah in Deir Ballut village, in favor of ” Leshem ” and “ Beduel ” settlements. Israeli authorities gave the lands’ owners 60 days to challenge against the seizure decision.
  • On Monday, 07 September 2020, Israeli authorities notified to demolish 2 livestock barracks and another facility in Kisan village, east of Bethlehem. Ahmed Ghazal, Deputy of Kisan Village Council, said that IOF notified Mahmoud Ibrahim ‘Abiyat to demolish his 2 livestock barracks and another facility near Ma’aleh Amos settlement, and gave him 20 days to evacuate or IOF will demolish and seize them. Ghazal added that Kisan village is exposed to a fierce settlement attack, as Israeli authorities carry out a largest settlement project in Bethlehem, which aims to seize at least 3500 dunams. It should be noted that 3 weeks ago, IOF demolished Hussain ‘Abdullah ‘Abiyat and Talab Ghazal’s barracks in Kisan village.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF leveled 42 dunams planted with olive trees in Khelet al-Jadidah area in Kifl Hares village, north of Salfit, in favor of expanding ” Kiryat Netafim” settlement, which is established on Kifl Hares and Salfit’s village lands. The leveled dunams belong to the heirs of Nimr Abdul Karim Obaid and Saeed Jaber Shamlawi. Thus, the main road that connects Haris and Biddya villages will be transformed into an internal road linking Netafim and Barkan settlements. It should be noted that the lands’ owners did not receive any notices from Israeli authorities before their lands were leveled.
  • At approximately 19:00 on Monday, 07 September 2020, 5 siblings from Serry family implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished their shops in al-Sal’ah neighborhood in Jabel Mukaber village, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Abdullah Serry, one of the shops’ owners, said that he and his 4 siblings built 5 shops (250 sqm) in 2016, which cost NIS 500,000. He clarified that they attempted to license the shops before building them, but in vain. Serry added that few months after building the shops, the Israeli Municipality prosecuted them and imposed a construction fine of NIS 60,000 on them, which they are still paying to this day. After that, the Israeli Municipality issued a demolition notice against the shops, so Serry family hired an engineer and several lawyers in a new attempt to license the shops. Serry indicated that they paid more than NIS 200,000 for lawyers and engineers in fees; therefore, they decided to self-demolish the property to avoid paying more fines and the demolition costs for the municipality which exceed NIS 70,000.
  • On the same day, Israeli Magistrate Court issued an eviction decision against al-Rajbi family building in Baten al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, in favor of “Ateret Cohenim” settlement Association, under the pretext of being a Jewish ownership since 1881. Zuhair Rajbi, Head of Baten al-Hawa neighborhood Committee, said that the Israeli Magistrate Court issued an eviction decision, after the sons of the late Abd al-Fattah al-Rajbi had struggled to protect their property since 2016. Al-Rajbi explained that the court had given the property’s residents until 01 April to implement the eviction. He added that the property is a residential building consisting of 3 apartments and housing 4 families, namely: Hoda al-Rajbi and her daughter Tahani, and her sons Kayed al-Rajbi (10 members), Wael (9 members), and Jaber (9 members). Al-Rajbi pointed out that, several years ago, Ateret Cohenim Association notified the residents to evacuate, demanding the land on which the property is located under the pretext that it belongs to the Jews. Therefore, the family of Abdel Fattah al-Rajbi went to the court to prove their ownership to the property, which they have been living in since the occupation of Jerusalem. Al-Rajbi confirmed that the family would submit their appeal to the District Court in a new attempt to stay on their property. Al-Rajbi stated that the eviction decisions in Baten al-Hawa neighborhood have recently increased. The decision to evacuate the al-Rajabi family was preceded by 4 court decisions issued against Dweik, Shweiki and al-Rajbi families, who fight and struggle to protect their homes. Al-Rajbi added that that these families fall within the “Ateret Cohenim” scheme, aims at seizing 5 dunams and 200 square meters from al-Hara al-Wosta neighborhood lands, under the pretext that these lands belong to Jews from Yemen since 1881. Ateret Cohenim Association claims that the Israeli Supreme Court recognized the ownership of Jews from Yemen over the land. He pointed out that there are 35 residential buildings inhabited by about 80 families established on the land, and all residents have lived in the neighborhood for decades, after they bought lands and properties from their former owners with official documents.
  • On Tuesday, 08 September 2020, Hamed Hammad implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house on al-Ghawanmah road in occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Hammad said that in 1998, he built 2 floors (80 sqm) over his house, overlooking al-Aqsa Mosque. He clarified that after his house was built, Israeli authorities prosecuted him and imposed fines of NIS 87,000 and NIS 20,000 on him. Hammad added that throughout the past years, he attempted to license the 2 houses, but in vain. After that, Israeli court issued a final demolition decision against the 4th floor, where his son Mohammed lives. The Israeli authorities gave Hammad a year and a half to license the 3rd floor, or they will demolish it. Hammad pointed out that he was forced to self-demolish his house to avoid paying fines to the municipality, especially in light of the difficult economic situation due to the outbreak of coronavirus.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Wednesday, 09 September 2020, Israeli forces backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into ‘Arab Ramadin village in southern Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers handed Sameer Hasan al-Malihat (36) and Shokri Ibrahim al-Malihat (44) 2 cease-construction notice to their under-construction houses (70 sqm), under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Ras Karkar village, northwest of Ramallah. The military construction vehicles leveled No’man ‘Abed al-Fattah Nofal’s 22 olive trees. Moreover, workers from Israeli private companies surrounded Nofals’ 44 dunams with barbed wires and denied his access to them, citing the construction of a settlement dirt road to connect “Talmon” settlement complex, which is built on part of Ras Karkar village, and being in Area C as reason for their decision.

b. Israeli Settler Violence

  • At approximately 21:30 on Thursday, 03 September 2020, Israeli settlers, from “ Shilo ” and ” Elia ” settlements in eastern Ramallah, attacked a road connecting between al-Lubban ash-Sharqiya and Tormos-Ayya villages, east of the city. The settlers threw stones at Palestinians’ vehicles passing on the road. As a result, the windshield of Mousa Salah Hamayil’s vehicle was broken. Additionally, the settlers attacked Hamayil and his family, causing bruises to all of them. They were taken to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah to receive treatment. Moreover, the settlers threw stones at Hatem Hamed Shaheen’s vehicle carrying 7 passengers, causing material damage to the vehicle and breaking its windshield. No injuries among the passengers were reported.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 05 September 2020, Israeli settlers, from a settlement outpost in Hebron, threw stones at Palestinians’ houses on al-Shuhada street in Hebron’s Old City, causing fear among the residents. It should be noted that al-Shuhada street and Tal al-Ramida neighborhood witness an intense settler presence, especially on Saturdays every week.
  • On Sunday, 06 September 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Price Tag” group, attacked the southern side of Huwara village, southeast of Nablus, where they broke the windows of Malek Ahmed Sa’adah’s vehicle parked in front of his house. The settlers then fled to the mentioned settlement.

IV. Collective Punishment Policy

  • At approximately 01:00 on Wednesday, 09 September 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Bani Na’im village in eastern Hebron. IOF raided a house belonging to Naser Mahmoud Khalil al-Tarayra, whose son Mohammed (26) was killed by IOF on 30 June 2016, under the pretext of carrying out a stabbing attack resulted in the killing of a female soldier. Israeli soldiers were deployed in the house surroundings, in addition to photographing the house and taking measurements of its outside walls. Also, IOF threatened al-Tarayra family to demolish their house again. It should be noted that on 15 August 2016, Israeli authorities blew up Naser Mahmoud Khalil al-Tarayra’s house, under the pretext that his son Mohammed carried out a stabbing attack in “Givat Kharsina” settlement, which is established on Palestinians’ lands, east of the city. At approximately 00:20, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Explosive Engineering Unit raided and surrounded al-Tarayra’s house. The explosive engineering teams transplanted explosive devices in the house, while Israeli soldiers evacuated civilians from nearby houses taking them to a house located 400 meters away. After the house was blown up, all interior windows were broken.

Related

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (29 July – 12 August 2020)

Weekly Reports – Palestinian Centre for Human Rights

Israeli Violations of Human Rights

29 July – 12 August 2020

  • Palestinian woman killed and 19 civilians, including 2 paramedics, shot and wounded, in IOF excessive use of force:
    • 9 injuries were documented in IOF suppression of Kufuor Qaddoum, Qalqilya protests;
    • 7 injured, including 2 paramedics, in IOF suppression of a protest in Tarmesi’yah; and
    • 2 other injuries in Nablus and Tulkarm.
  • 23 shootings reported at agricultural land; and twice s at fishing boats eastern and western Gaza Strip;
  • In 176 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 160 civilians arrested, including 9 children and 4 women;
  • IOF harden closure restrictions over the Gaza Strip, as its sole commercial crossing is closed, and the fishing area is reduced to 8 nautical miles;
  • IOF warplanes strike Gaza Strip;
  • 11 houses demolished, including 7 self-demolished, in occupied East Jerusalem; multiple demolition and cease-construction notices served in the West Bank;
  • 4 construction vehicles and 3 water pumps confiscated, and agricultural lands confiscated, and others razed in the West Bank;
  • Settler-attacks in the West Bank: 3 siblings, a woman and 2 children, wounded in Hebron and arsenal attacks on 2 vehicles in Qalqilya;
  • IOF established 57 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 15 Palestinians on said checkpoints

Summary

Israeli occupation forces (IOF) continued to commit crimes and multi-layered violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. IOF did not restrict its attacks during the days Palestinian Muslims celebrated Eid al-Adha holiday. During the reporting period, IOF killed a Palestinian woman and wounded 19 others across the West Bank. PCHR asserts that IOF used lethal force when they withdrew from the area without the presence of any threat or danger to soldiers’ lives. This falls within the shoot first and justify later policy that IOF have consistently implemented against Palestinian civilians. Furthermore, IOF warplanes launched several airstrikes against the Gaza Strip, while they mainly bombarded agricultural lands that did not render human loss, the airstrikes terrorized and frightened the civilian population in targeted areas.

Ever since announcing its plans to annex West Bank territories, including occupied East Jerusalem, IOF has continued systematic demolitions and land razing, establishing roads for settlements in an accelerated manner. The past two weeks witnessed widescale demolitions of houses and agricultural lands in the West Bank.

This week, PCHR documented 303 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. It should be noted that the limitations due to the corona virus pandemic, including closure of certain territories, has limited PCHR’s fieldworkers mobility and ability to conduct field documentation; therefore, the information documented in this report are only part of the continued IOF violations.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: On 07 August 2020, IOF killed Dalia Ahmed Suliman Stiti (24) with a live bullet that hit her chest as she was shutting her window in Jenin, northern West Bank. Furthermore, IOF shot and wounded 19 Palestinians: 9 injured in excessive use of force against the weekly peaceful protest in Kufuor Qaddoum in Qalqilya; 7 others in IOF suppression of a protest in Tarmesi’yah, northern Ramallah, including 2 paramedics. Two others were wounded in separate incidents: a Palestinian was shot and wounded as IOF shot him directly before his arrest in Nablus; and another was shot during a shooting near the Annexation Wall in Tulkarm.

In Gaza, IOF opened fire at agricultural lands 23 times and twice at fishing boats in eastern ang western Gaza Strip. IOF warplanes also launched several airstrikes on the Gaza Strip.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 176 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 160 Palestinians were arrested, including 9 children and 4 women. IOF also conducted two limited incursions into eastern Khan Younis and northern Gaza Strip.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 33 violations, including:

  • East Jerusalem: agricultural room demolished, as well as 11 houses, including 7 self-demolished;
  • Bethlehem: cease-construction notices served to 2 houses and 100 olive tree seedlings uprooted;
  • Hebron: demolition of a wall and a 100 sqm floor; also, a tin-plated brick home demolished; 3 water pumps confiscated; military watchtower established on Palestinian civilians’ lands; tent and barn demolished;
  • Northern Valley: 2 tractors confiscated; and demolition notices served to several houses and facilities;
  • Jenin: 9 cease-construction and demolition notices served to over 200 years old buildings and caves; and other facilities, new housing buildings and water tanks;
  • Salfit: 15 dunums of agricultural lands owned by Palestinians confiscated; and 18 cease-construction notices served to 7 houses, including 3 under-construction, an agricultural room, a plastic house and land rehabilitation;
  • Ramallah: excavator confiscated in eastern Ramallah; two agricultural facilities demolished;
  • Tubas: excavator confiscated;
  • Jericho: approximately 100 palm tree seedlings razed and uprooted;
  • Kisan village: over 200 dunums of the village’s lands confiscated;
  • Qalqilya: agricultural lands razed as prelude to their confiscation in Kafr Thulth village, eastern Qalqilya.

PCHR also documented 4 settler attacks: 10 sheep dead in Ramallah; 3 siblings, a woman and 2 children, wounded and bruised in settlers’ attack on Tel Rumeida neighbourhood in central Hebron; 2 cars set on fire and a vehicle assaulted and its windshield broken in Nablus.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

On Monday, 10 August 2020, Israeli authorities  announced the closure of Karm Abu Salem crossing starting from Tuesday, 11 August 2020 and until further notice, except for the transportation of goods for vital humanitarian cases and fuel. According to Israeli Coordinator of Government Activities in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, the decision was taken “in response to the launch of incendiary balloons and breaching security calm.” On Wednesday evening, 12 August 2020, IOF announced reducing the Gaza Strip’s fishing area from 15 to 8 nautical miles.

This decision falls under the framework of the complete, illegal and unhumanitarian closure policy imposed by the Israeli authorities on the Gaza Strip since June 2007, as the  Gaza Strip crossings have witnessed tightened restrictions on the movement of goods and persons.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 09:30 on Wednesday, 29 July 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence , east of al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. The shooting continued sporadically for 15 minutes. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 30 July 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed  along the border fence, northeast of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on Friday, 31 July 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established on lands of Kafer Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased Palestinian young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, 7 civilians were shot with rubber bullets throughout their bodies.
  • At approximately 00:10 on Sunday, 02 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of al-Qararah village, adjacent to the border fence. The shooting recurred twice at 16:20 and 21:20 on the same day, east of Khuza’ah village. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:20 on Monday 03 August 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed adjacent to Khan Younis shore, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area. Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and ad to sail back to the shore, fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • After 20 minutes, an Israeli military warplane launched 2 missiles at an agricultural land in al-Qrarah village, northeast of Khan Younis. The attack caused a large hole in the land. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 02:20 on the same Monday, IOF stormed al-‘Aqrabaniyah village, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They surrounded Abdul Rahman Husni Husein Jbarah’s (23) house. Jbarah managed to leave the house before IOF, who claim that he is wanted for them,  raided it. IOF chased Jbarah, who was about 400 meters away from the house. They took over a civilian vehicle, and opened fire at him, wounding him while he was at the vehicle’s back chair. IOF  arrested Jbarah, who was wounded and bleeding from his face, taking him to an unknown destination, the vehicle’s windshield was shattered after the shooting, causing wounds to its driver, Abdullah Ammar “Mohammed Basem” al-Sha’ar (20), and his cousin Ezz Eden Amed “Mohammed Basem” al-Sha’ar (17), who was accompanying him, with minor wounds. IOF  arrested Abdullah and Ezz Eden al-Sha’ar and took them to a military camp, adjacent to al-Hamrah checkpoint. Al-Sha’ar civilians were interrogated about their relationships of Jbarah. IOF released al-Sha’ar civilians at 07:00 on the same day morning after ensuring that there is no relationship between them and Jbarah. Jbarah was wounded in his face and is health condition is serious. Jbarah was transferred to New Rehabilitation Hospital Tel HaShomer.
  • At approximately 23:30 on the same Monday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence.
  • At approximately 04:00 on Tuesday, 04 August 2020, a large Israeli military force stormed Aqabet Jaber refugee camp, southwest of Jericho in the center of the West Bank. A number of Palestinian young men gathered in the vicinity of the camp and threw stones at Israeli soldiers while the later responded with a barrage of rubber bullets, sound bombs, and tear gas canisters. As a result, 2 civilias were shot with rubber bullets in their lower extremities. They were transferred to Jericho Hospital in the city for medical treatment. In the meantime, Israeli soldiers raided and searched several houses and arrested Ali Mohammed Raslan (26) and Ayman Hekmat al-Ewadat (57). In the evening hours, IOF released al-Ewadat.
  • At approximately 16:15 on the same Tuesday IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:40 on Wednesday, 05 August 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at a group of Palestinian farmers. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:45 on the same Wednesday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. The shooting recurred in the same area at 21:00 on the same day evening. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 06 August 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Gaza Valley (Juhor al-Deek), south of Gaza City, opened fire at agricultural lands. Neither casualties nor material damage were reported.
  • At approximately 19:30 on the same Thursday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village. No casualties were reported.
  • In the early dawn hours on Friday, 07 August 2020, a Palestinian woman was killed by Israeli occupation forces (IOF) after being shot with a live bullet in her chest while closing the window in her house in Jenin, northern West Bank. The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) points out that IOF used lethal force when they withdrew from the area without the presence of any threat or danger to soldiers’ lives. This falls within the shoot first and justify later policy that IOF have consistently implemented against Palestinian civilians.

According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 02:30 on Friday, IOF moved into al-Jabriyat neighborhood, southwest of Jenin, northern West Bank. They surrounded Khaled Suliman Abu Hasan’s house near al-Riyad School. IOF interrogated Abu Hasan inside his house until 04:00.  Five minutes later, while Israeli military vehicles were preparing to withdraw, IOF fired a sound bomb and several live bullets at Bassam Samodi’s 3-storey house. As a result, Samodi’s wife, Dalia Ahmed Suliman Stiti (24), was injured and shot with a live bullet in her chest, penetrating her liver, pancreas, and aorta.  Stiti’s family said to PCHR’s fieldworker that their daughter Dalia, a mother of two (9-month, 2 years), woke up after hearing IOF’s incursion into the village. She headed towards the living room’s window to close it after IOF fired a sound bomb. In the meantime, IOF stationed on the street, 50 meters away from Stiti’s house, opened fire at her on her 3rd floor apartment, wounding her in the chest. Stiti walked several steps and then fell to the living room floor in a pool of her blood. The Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS)’s crew, who were in the area to rescue the injuries, immediately arrived at the house and took Stiti to Dr. Khalil Suliman Hospital. Stiti was admitted to Intensive Care Unit (ICU), due to her critical health condition and she was pronounced dead at 14:30.

Ayman Mohammed Abu Qabilah (31), the ambulance diver who transferred Stiti, said that he heard a sound of a bomb explosion followed by 4 live bullets from the area where IOF stationed, 50 meters away from where he was present in front of Smoudi family’s house. After that Qabilah felt that the ambulance was targeted. In the meantime, he heard the residents screaming they had an injury in the house, so he rushed to the house along with other paramedics to find out that the injured civilian was Dalia Stiti and her injury was serious. The ambulance was also targeted with 2 live bullets; one of them penetrated from the left side to the paramedic’s chair; while the other bullet penetrated the driver’s chair.

  • At approximately 07:50 on Friday, 07 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of al-Qararah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:00 on the same Friday, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established on lands of Kafer Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilya, suppressed a peaceful protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in his thigh.
  • At approximately 13:30 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:00 on the same Friday, IOF suppressed a peaceful in Tarmesi’yah village, northeast of Ramallah in the center of the West Bank. The protest took off from the center of the village into its main entrance in protest against the Israeli settlement expansion in the area. IOF used excessive force injuring 7 civilians, including 2 paramedics:
  1. Hamzah Mohammed Ma’ali (27), paramedic at Al-Asmar Emergency Medical Service, was hit with a tear gas canister in his face.
  2. Mohammed Malash (29), paramedic at the Palestinian Medical Relief Society, was shot with a rubber bullet in his foot and a tear gas canister in his face. Other civilians sustained rubber bullets in their lower extremities.
  • At approximately 08:40 on Saturday, 08 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of al-Fukhari, adjacent to the border fence. The shooting recurred at 17:30 in eastern Abasan village, east of Khan Younis. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00 on the same Saturday, 08 August 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kafer Qaddoum village, north of Qalqiliyah, suppressed a peaceful protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased young men who gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 44-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in his back and a 22-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet in his thigh.
  • At approximately 19:05, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and sporadically opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (at 3 nautical miles) and pumped water at them. Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:25 on Sunday, 09 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, adjacent to Buret Abu Samrah, north of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands adjacent to the border fence. As a result, Palestinian farmers panicked and had to leave their lands fearing for their lives. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 08:00 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:20 on the same Sunday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:50 on the same Sunday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands for 15 minutes. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on Monday, 10 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on Tuesday, 11 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis, fired live bullets at agricultural lands, east of Khuza’ah and al-Fukhari villages, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 00:30 on the same Tuesday, IOF stationed at the annexation wall gates established on lands of Faroun village, south of Tulkarm, fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at Palestinian civilians, who attempted to pass through the gate. As a result, a 24-year-old civilian, from Qifin village, north of Tulkarm, was shot with a rubber bullet in his right hand.
  • At approximately 18:15 on Wednesday, 12 August 2020, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at the border area, adjacent to the border fence. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  1. Incursions and arrests:

Wednesday, 29 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and arrested two civilians: Saleh Ayed al-Rajabi (33) and Nabeeh Nabil al-Sharbati (28).
  • At approximately 01:50, IOF moved into ‘Aseera al-Shamaleya village, north of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Hamza Abdullah Mohammed Yasine (26).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Talouza, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested three civilians; Fares Rasheed Hashayka (24), Mohammed Emad Hanajera (23), and Nabeel Kamel Dababseh (45).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Dheisheh refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Murad Khaled al-Hayek (28) and Ahmed Salah al-Sar’awi (26) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into ‘Anata village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Khaleel Ahmed Hilwa and Mohammed Hasan Hilwa, and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Kherbet Makhoul village in the northern valleys, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abdul Raheem Bsharat (55), and his son Sakher (25).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Tulkarm refugee camp, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Ahmed Hasan Matrouk’s (48) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Nour Shams refugee camp, in Tulkarm, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Mahmoud Ahmed al-Izza’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Wadi al-Joz neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hanadi Mohammed al-Halawani’s (41) house and arrested her. After a few hours, IOF released her on condition of paying (1,000 NIS), and banning her entry to the occupied East Jerusalem for 3 weeks. It should be noted that al-Halawani is a former prisoner and she is a teacher who was banned from entering the Aqsa Mosque several times.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Saf street, in the Central Bethlehem. They raided and searched Salah Awwad Jawarish’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:10, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians; Basem Ghassan al-‘Ataba (33), Alaa Mohammed al-Shubairy (36), Mo’ath Ahmed Mousa (29), Alaa (Mohammed Eyad) Fatayer (22), and Abbas Sulaiman (Mohammed kamal) Fatayer (37).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Askar refugee camp, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Asem Anan Fawzi Bushkar (17), and his brother Isalm (21).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Jabal Hendaza area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Hasan Nawawera (30), and Salah Yousef al-‘Abayat (26), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 06:35, IOF reinforced with several military bulldozers, moved 100-meters to the east of ‘Abasan village, east of Khan Younis. They leveled and combed lands along the border fence before they redeployed.
  • At approximately 06:50, IOF stationed at Beit Fouriq military checkpoint, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested Foad Fawwaz Fawzi Hanani (25), from the village. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 09:10, IOF stationed at ‘Awarta military checkpoint, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested Khaled Jamal Abu al-So’oud (17). IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • In the morning hours, IOF stationed at Salem military court’s gate, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank, arrested Muhanna Khaled al-Sharqaqi (44), from al-Zababeda village, northeast of Jenin. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 14:20, IOF moved into Kherbat al-Hadedeya in the northern valleys, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ashraf Husain Busharat (40).
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Abu Mish’al neighborhood, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched three houses and arrested three civilians before they released them after three hours. The arrestees are: Mohammed Abdul Hafiz Zahran (23), Husain Hasan Zahran (26), and Samhan Abdul Salam Zahran (24).
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Rujeib village, southeast of Nablus; Dura and al-Thahereya, in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Thursday, 30 July 2020:

  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Rujeib village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Dawoud Akram Rawajba (44).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Isalem Majdi Qadah (17).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into ‘Arroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mus’ab Mohammed Kawamla’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:50, IOF moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Waleed Jamal ‘Aseeda (23) and Mahmoud Musatafa ‘Aseeda (29).
  • At approximately 03:05, IOF moved into Salim village, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mus’ab ‘Akef Shtayyeh (25) and Obaida Kamal Jabbour (28).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Khaled Ali Swailem (22) and Abdul Haq Mazen Khadraj (22) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Salfit. They raided and searched Abdul Rahim Tayseer Shaheen’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF arrested two of the Aqsa Mosque’s guards, Mohannad al-Ansari (38) and Mohammad Zughaiar (32), while on duty at the mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took them to al-Qishla police station in the city and released them after several hours on condition of banning their entry to the mosque for a week.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Jet village, northeast of Qalqilya, and arrested Mus’ab Mousa Mir’ai (22), from Qarawat Bani Hasan, west of Salfit.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Silat ad-Dhahr and Zububa villages in Jenin governorate, Hebron and Yatta in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 31 July 2020:

  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in al-Thaheriya, al-Samoua’, and Deir Sammit villages in Hebron governorate, and Az-Zawiya village, west of Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 01 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched Omar Maher Obaid’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Rummana, Zububa and Ya’bad villages in Jenin governorate, Sa’eer, Mowreq, and Sourif in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 02 August 2020:

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Omar Yaser Shwaiky’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 06:50, IOF moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested three children; Islam Kamel Abu Shamala (17), Ahmed Yousef Abu Bakr (17), and Nabeel Na’el Abu Baker (17).
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF arrested Mohammed Sameer Najeeb (26) while present in al-Wad neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods, and took him to al-Qishla police station. IOF released him after several hours on condition that banning his entry to the Aqsa Mosque for 6 months.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF moved into al-Fureidis village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Hazem Hashem Abu Muhaimed’s house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Zububa village, west of Jenin; Sa’eer, Nouba, al-Hadab, and al-‘Aroub refugee camp in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 03 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Bassam Alian (22) and Faisal Loay Obaid (19) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Batn al-Hawa neighborhood in Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Adam Qara’een’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Aseera al-Shamaleya, north of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians and released them after several hours. The arrestees are: Abdul Aziz Amer Rawajeba (22), Fares Bassam al-Shouly (30), Ja’far Omar Rawajeba (26), and Oqba Fayez al-Shouly (28).
  • At approximately 11:50, IOF stationed at bypass road, northeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank, arrested Mo’tasem Husni Abu Hanana (34), from Arana village. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested Hussam Hasan Abu Husain, from Hebron, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed at Shu’fat refugee camp checkpoint, arrested Ahmed Abu Salah and Mohammed Abu Zaki, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into al-Wad neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Zakareya al-Bakri’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Sa’eer, Nouba, al-Hadab, and al-‘Aroub refugee camp in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 04 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Kathem Monther Obaid’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummar, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Rasheed Ali Awad’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF arrested Nafisa Mohammed Khwais (68), while present in the Aqsa Mosque’s yard in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took her to “Bab al-Asbat” police station.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Ourif village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Yousef Omar Shehada (35) and Mohannad Faleh Shehada (26).
  • At approximately 02:40, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched Fadi Omar Abu Snaina’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:45, IOF moved into al-Zababeda village, southeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Ameer Issam al-Sharkawi (21).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Jinan neighborhood, in the Central al-Beira, north of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Faraj Ali al-Qadi’s house and arrested her daughter Tasnim (28). IOF also handed him a summons to let his son, Mustafa (20), refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in Ofer detention.
  • At approximately 15:50, IOF stationed at “Mevo Dotan” military checkpoint, west of ‘Arraba, southwest of Jenin, arrested Montaser Ahmed Samadi (24), from Qabatiya, southeast of the city. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-Izareya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Alaa Ayman al-Sharbati’s (29) store and arrested him. It should be noted that Alaa is Ayman al-Sharbati’s son who is sentenced to life.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF arrested Mustafa Faraj al-Qadi (20), while referring to the Israeli Intelligence Services in Ofer detention, in Bitounya, west of Ramallah.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Deir Samit and Sourif in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 05 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Ahmed Mohammed Abu Amro (20), Salim Ali Mouh (23) and Bilal Ra’ed Sidr (22).
  • At approximately 01:45, IOF moved into Kafr Qalil, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians: Mohannad Ali Qanni (28), Khaled Na’eem Qanni (34), Ali Yehya Qanni (25), and Sharif Bassam Mansour (30).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Daheya neighborhood, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Aziz Omar Dwaikat (36).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Dura, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Hasan Ahmed Hijja’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched several houses and arrested three civilians: Jehad Isma’el al-Najjar (24), Mohammed Faisal al-Najjar (25), and Mo’ath Yousef al-Najjar (23).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Abu Fraiha neighborhood in Beit Sahour. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Tareq Mousa al-‘Abayat (35) and Mohammed Ibarhim al-‘Abayat (40) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Deir al-Hatab, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Oday Ra’ouf Hussain (28).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Sinjil village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Hisham Adel Fuqaha (27) and Yasin Ibrahim Fuqaha (23) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Yazan Ahmed Ba’jawi (23), a student at al-Najah National University in Nablus.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Izza refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Abdul Fattah Shu’aib Abu Shu’aira’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30. IOF moved into Tubas, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Hakim Khaleel Fuqaha (28), from his house near al-Furqan Mosque, north of the city. It should be noted that Hakim is a person with disable.
  • At approximately 04:50, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Jalazon refugee camp, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Tahreer Mahmoud Zeid (24) and Reyad Ramadan Alian (29).
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF summonsed the teacher Hanadi Mohammed al-Halawani (41), who is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons, via a phone call to immediately refer to al-Qishla investigation center in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. As soon as she arrived, she was handed a decision that banning her travel abroad for 4 more months.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF stationed at al-Mahkama military checkpoint, near “Beit Eil” settlement, north of al-Beira, arrested Bashar Mohammed Safi (22), from Ramallah. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF stationed at al-Container military checkpoint, east of Bethlehem, arrested the student Mohammed Ali al-Takrouri (22), Chairman of the Student Union at al-Quds Open University, while passing through the checkpoint. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF stationed at Beit Fourik military checkpoint, on the northeastern entrance of Nablus, north of the West Bank, arrested three civilians from Balata refugee camp, east of the city, and took them to unknown destinations. The arrestees are: Adham Eyad Mustafa (22), Ameed Zeyad Mustafa (19), and Mohammed Ramadan Mustafa (20).
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Kafr Qaddoum, northeast of Qalqilya. No arrests were reported.

Thursday, 06 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Mohammed Izz al-Dein Teilekh (16) and Yousef Osama al-‘Anati (17).
  • At approximately 01:40, IOF moved into Izbat al-Ashkar village, south of Qalqilya. They raided and searched Anwar Fares Nimir’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Samoua’ village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Saleh Isma’el al-Badareen’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Sa’eer village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Qutaiba Idris Jaradat’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Ein Arik village, west of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Wasfi Nafiz Zeita’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Masakn al-Sha’beya neighborhood, northeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Najeh Samara’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Ahmed Taleb Haj Mohammed’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Beit Loqya village, west of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Mo’tasem Ali Dar Assi’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Beit Sira village, west of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Owda Mohammed al-Haj’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:40, IOF moved into Beit Ur al-Tahta village, west of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched Saad Asaad Dar Mousa’s (34) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Rayan Emran Alqam (22) and Mohammed Ismael ‘Anati (17), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into butchery shop in Dowar al-Daheya neighborhood in Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the shop and arrested the son of the shop owner, al-Miqdad Eisa Qirsh. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

Friday, 07 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:40, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They raided and searched Omar Saleh Nayef Abu al-Rab’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Naser Mahfouz’s (10) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Hindaza area, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Mohmmed Ateya Soboh’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Kamal Issa Dababesa’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Faqou’a village, northeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Ameer Monther Massad’s (28) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Dheesha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Hamza Bilal al-Dibis’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Wadi Qana village, to the west of Deir Estia village, north of Salfit. They raided the village and arrested Yousef Ahmed Ridwan (27), from Azoun village, east of Qalqilya, while he was on a hiking trip.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Ethna, Sourif, Nouba, and Karma villages. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 08 August 2020:

  • IOF carried out an incursion in al-Jarousheya village, north of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 09 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Kherbet Um al-Kheir, to the east of Yatta, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Eid Yamen al-Hathalin’s (74) house and took him to Karmi’el settlement and released him after two hours.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hizma village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Laith Malek Subaih’s (19) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Faqou’a village, northeast of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested three civilian who were arrested before. The arrestees are: Sayaf Khaleel Massad (34), Melad Fo’ad Massad (48), and Mohammed Jamal Arram (35).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Beitillu village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Naser Mohammed Abu Zeyada’s (47) house, the chairman of the village council, and arrested him. IOF released him after several hours.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Samoua’ village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Yousef Mohammed Mahaiq’s house and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:50, IOF moved into al-Janeya village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Ashraf Mohammed Mazloum’s (43) house and arrested him. After three hours, IOF released him.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in al-Thahereya and Tarqoumya. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 10 August 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians including a child. The arrestees are: Alaa Ahmed Dirbas (18), Fares Yaser Darwish (19), Tayseer Yousef Muhaisen (16), and Mohammed Nidal Abu Akar (20).
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Ein al-Sultan refugee camp, northwest of Jericho governorate. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Ya’qoub Abu Lawi (26) and Ehab al-Kalouni (28) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Daheyat al-Salam in Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Omar al-‘Anati’s (23) house and arrested him.

Tuesday, 11 August 2020:

  • At approximately 00:15, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Deir Sharaf village, west of Nablus, arrested Ali Abu Sitta (26), from Bal’a village, north of Tulkarm. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Yatta village, south of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Faisal Mohammed al-Najjar’s (45) house and arrested him along with his wife, Maha al-Najjar (38) and his two sons; Mohammed (20), and Mousa (19).
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Qalqilya village. They raided and searched Ammar Yousef Dwaikat’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Halhoul, Hebron, and Nouba in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 12 August 2020:

  • At approximately 00:15, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, south of Nablus, arrested Firas Abdul Khaleq (33), from Deir al-Ghossoun village, north of Tulkarm. IOF took him to an unknown destination before they released him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Qafin village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Emad Ibrahim To’ma’s (48) house and arrested him. It should be noted that To’ma is the General Director of the Ministry of Prisoners and Executives Affairs in Tulkarm, and he is a former prisoner who spent 12-years in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Duha village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ahmed Abdul Hadi Shamroukh’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Qafin village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Mustafa Yousef To’ma’s (40) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Nour Shams refugee camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Fathi Qar’awi’s house, the deputy in the dissolved Legislative Council. IOF directly threatened him and his sons of arrest if they contacted with external authorities. No arrests were reported.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Deir al-Ghossoun village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Abdul Rahman Zeidan’s house, the deputy in the dissolved Legislative Council. IOF directly threatened him of arrest if he contacted with external authorities. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 08:45, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles to the north of Bouret Abu Samra area, north of Beit Lahia, north of the Gaza Strip, and moved 100-meters to the south of the border fence. They leveled and combed lands that were previously leveled amidst Israeli sporadic shooting, which caused fear and panic among farmers. At approximately 10:30, IOF withdrew; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Yousef Ali al-Kaswani’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF detained dozens of civilians after passing through a gate in the annexation wall established at Daheyat Shwaika village, in Tulkarm. IOF closed the gate and prevented civilians from entering it and released them later.
  • At approximately 15:30, IOF arrested Ahmed Tawfiq Fuqaha (31), from ‘Anabta village, north of Tulkarm, while heading to the Israeli Intelligence Services’ headquarter.
  • Around the same time, IOF arrested two female farmers behind the annexation wall established on al-Zaweya village, west of Salfit, and banned them from returning to their houses by closing the gate. The arrestees are: Hamda Shuqair (79) and Jazila Shuqair (77). IOF released them later.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into al-Mazra’a al-Gharbeya village, north of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians. The arrestees are: Azmi Sufian Shraiteh (24), Mousa Hasan Ladadwa (22), Mohammed Akram Ladadwa (26), and his brother Saif (19).
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Silwad, northeast of Ramallah governorate. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Jalal Ra’ed Abdul Mo’ez (26) and Abdul Aziz Ahmed Soboh (23) and arrested them.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Tulkarm, Dura, and Imreish villages in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property
  • At approximately 10:00 on Wednesday, 29 July 2020, IOF accompanied with military vehicles moved into Fraseen village, southwest of Jenin, where they distributed 9 cease-construction and demolition notices to old houses, caves and facilities built 200 years ago, in addition to new residential houses and water tanks. IOF ordered to implement the notices within few days. The distributed notices were as follows:
  • Khaled Mohammed ‘Amarnah’s 50 -square-meter room built of bricks and roofed with tin plates, 15- square-meter store and wood columns, in addition to handing him cease-construction notices to a chicken coop and sheep barrack.
  • ‘Emad Mahmoud ‘Amarnah’s 60-square-meter residential room built of bricks.
  • Mahmoud Ahmed ‘Amarnah’s 80- square-meter residential room built of bricks.
  • Wajdi Mohammed ‘Amarnah’s 60-square-meter residential room built of bricks.
  • Mohammed Jameel Hersha’s water tank that feeds the village.
  • Basel Fayiz ‘Amarnah’s 30-square-meter residential room, chicken coop, wood columns, 80-sqaure-meter sheep barrack, and 60-square-meter residential room.
  • Ahmed Mahmoud ‘Amarnah’s 150-square-meter cave.
  • At approximately 11:00 on Wednesday, 29 July 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Istiboul area in Yatta city, south of Hebron. IOF were deployed in the area while military construction vehicles demolished ‘Adnan ‘Imran Abu Isninah’s walls surrounded his 10 dunums, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. It should be noted that Israeli authorities handed Isninah a 96-hour demolition notice No. (1779), so there is not enough time to challenge before competent Israeli authorities.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF stationed on settlement road (90), which is adjacent to al-Zabidat village, north of Jericho, confiscated 2 diggers and prevented their owners from plowing their agricultural land. The confiscated diggers belong to Mohammed ‘Ali Mohammed Zobidat and Ahmed Mohammed Farhan Zobidat.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Beit ‘Awaa village, southwest of Hebron. IOF were deployed in the area while the military construction vehicles demolished foundations of a 100-square-meter house belonging to Mo’ath Hafiz Salem al-Sowati (22), under the pretext of non-licensing. It should be noted that Israeli authorities handed al-Sowati a 96-hour demolition notice No. (1779). Al- Sowati’s house is located 200 square meters away from the annexation wall.
  • At approximately 20:00 on Wednesday, 29 July 2020, IOF moved into Rafat village, west of Salfit, where they distributed a military order to confiscate 15 dunums from Hariqat al-Hamyanah area, under the pretext of being in Area C. These dunums belong to Basem Sebti ‘Ayyash, Nasheet Sebti ‘Ayyash, ‘Abed al-Latif Sati ‘Ayyash, and ‘Amirah Sati ‘Ayyash. Nasheet Sebti ‘Ayyash said that: “ I have been working in this agricultural land (30 dunums) for 20 years and it belongs to me and my brothers. I planted it with olive trees years ago. The land is far from the annexation wall and it was the first time that Israeli authorities notified us, claiming that this land is a state-owned land. The Israeli allegations are not true, as I never had to stop planting or rehabilitating my land. The Israeli notice gave us 45 days to challenge before the competent Israeli authorities.”
  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 30 July 2020, IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Sahal area, which is adjacent to al-Moghair village. IOF confiscated Mohammed Naji al-Na’san’s digger while conducting excavation works in the area, under the pretext of illegal work in Area C.
  • At approximately 10:30 on Saturday, 01 August 2020, IOF moved into Kherbet ‘Atouf, southeast of Tubas, where they confiscated Za’ir Mostafa Bsharat’s digger while he was excavating a water line for the villagers.
  • At approximately 09:20 on Sunday, 02 August 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Kafur al-Deek village in western Salfit, where they distributed 9 cease-construction notices to 7 houses; 3 of them are under-construction, an agricultural room, and a greenhouse, under the pretext of being in Area C. The notified houses and properties belong to Islam ‘Abed al-Ghani, Ibrahim Naji, Hadi Naji, Ibrahim Taha, Tamer Taha, Naji Taha, Mahmoud Naji, Husam al-Deek, and Feras al-Deek. It should be noted that Israeli authorities gave them mentioned civilians until 11 August 2020 to challenge against the notices.
  • At approximately 09:40, IOF backed by military vehicles moved into Khirbet ar-Ras al Ahmar in northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas, where they distributed demolition notices to houses, barracks and farms belonging to Mohammed ‘Issa Jahaleen, Jameel Suliman Bani ‘Odah and Saier Saqer Bani ‘Odah.
  • On Monday, 03 August 2020, Israeli authorities seized at least 200 dunums from Kisan village lands, east of Bethlehem. They also notified Hussain ‘Abdullah ‘Abiyat to demolish his barrack. Ahmed Ghazal, Head of the village council, said to PCHR’s fieldworker that IOF moved into al-Tina area, south of the village, and denied civilians’ access to their lands, under the pretext of confiscating the lands for military purposes. Also, IOF notified ‘Abiyat to demolish his livestock barrack and gave him 24 hours to leave, or he will be arrested and prosecuted.
  • On the same day, Eyad Abu Subeih implemented the Israeli Municipality order and self-demolished his house located in ‘Ein al-Jowizah neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Abu Subeih said that the Israeli Court issued a final demolition decision against his 110-square-meter house built 3 years ago and sheltered 10 persons. Abu Subeih clarified that last month, IOF raided and attacked his house several times, but the lawyer managed to delay the demolition decision.
  • At approximately 13:20 on 04 August 2020, IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Dir Balout village, west of Salfit, where they distributed 9 notices to uproot olive trees belonging to 8 families, under the pretext of being in Area C. In addition, IOF distributed another notice to stop reclaiming a plot of land in Ta’mor area. The notified lands belong to the heirs of: ‘Issa Hasan ‘Issa, ‘Abdullah Musa and Dar Damara.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Wednesday, 05 August 2020, Israeli bulldozers demolished 3 residential houses in ‘Ain al-Louza neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Khaled Abu Tayieh, Chairman of Silwan Land Defense Committee, said that Israeli municipality staff along with special Israeli forces and police officers moved into in ‘Ain al-Louza neighborhood, where they closed all entrances and stationed on streets. IOF then surrounded 3 houses belonging to al-Qaq and ‘Amro families and demolished them. Abu Tayieh clarified that Israeli bulldozers demolished Samer and Suliman al-Qaq’s 250-square-meter houses sheltering 10 persons; most of them are children. He added that regarding Shareef ‘Amro’s 50-square-meter house, which was built in 2000, Israeli authorities issued a demolition decision against ‘Amro’s house in 2010, but the demolition was delayed with paying a fine of NIS 5000. Ten days earlier, ‘Amro was informed about the final demolition decision.
  • In the morning, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Kherbet ‘Allan in al-Shofa area, north of al-Jeftlik village, north of Jericho. IOF were deployed in al-Kherba while the military construction vehicles uprooted at least Anwar Abu Joda’s 100 palm seedlings planted 2-4 years ago.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into al-‘Issaweya village, adjacent to al-Za’eem village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. IOF demolished 2 agricultural rooms built of bricks and tin plates and other sheds placed in agricultural lands. The agricultural rooms and sheds belong to ‘Obaid and Abu Jum’a families. Mohammed Abu al-Humus, Member of al-‘Issawiyia Follow-up Committee, said that IOF along with Beit Eill Municipality’s staff moved into agricultural lands reclaimed by Murad Anwar ‘Obaid and Mohammed ‘Ataa ‘Obaid, demolished sheds and a fence surrounding the lands, and leveled the lands. Abu al-Humus added that Israeli bulldozers also demolished 2 agricultural room belonging to ‘Obaid and Abu Jum’a families and confiscated agricultural tools. Abu al-Humus pointed out that these agricultural lands are threatened to be confiscated in favor of the settlement project “E1”.
  • On the same day, IOF accompanied with military construction vehicles moved into Rantees village, northwest of Ramallah, where they demolished agricultural facilities, under the pretext of non-licensing. The demolished facilities were as follows:
  1. Mostafa Jamal Hosha’s 60-square-meter agricultural facility built of bricks and wood, roofed with tin plates and used for planting vegetables and fruits.
  2. Mo’ath ‘Ayed al-Khatib’s 80-square-meter agricultural facility built of bricks and wood, roofed with tin plates and used for planting vegetables and fruits.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 06 August 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Wad Jehish area, west of Sosiya village, south of Yatta in southern Hebron. IOF were deployed in the area while the military construction vehicles demolished Hisham Khalil Nawaj’ah’s 40-square-meter house built of bricks and tin plates, under the pretext of non-licensing. It should be noted that in June 2020, Israeli authorities handed Nawaj’aj a demolition notice, but he could not delay the demolition due to the closure of Israeli institution under the pretext of the outbreak of coronavirus.
  • On Friday, 07 August 2020, IOF distributed 2 cease-construction notices to inhabited houses in al-Minyia village, southeast of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Head of al-Minyia village council, Zayed Kawazbah, said that the notified 150-square-meter houses sheltering 14 persons belong to ‘Asaf and ‘Issa ‘Adel al-Faroukh.
  • On Friday, Nihad Subeih Shoqirat implemented the Israeli municipality decision and self-demolished his 2-storey house in al-Sal’a neighborhood in al-Mukaber Mount area, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Shoqirat said that he started to build his house in 2012 and he lived in it last year. During this period, he attempted to license the house, but the municipality refused and issued a demolition notice against it. Shoqirat clarified that during the past years, he managed to delay and freeze the demolition several times, but in July 2019 the municipality refused to delay the demolition. In April 2020, the Israeli municipality held another hearing, stressed the demolition against Shoqirat’s house and imposed a fine of NIS 145,000 on him. Shoqirat added that on 07 July 2020, he headed to the Israeli District Court to appeal the demolition decision, but in vain. The Israeli Municipality gave him a month to implement the demolition or it will do so and impose heavy fines on him. Shoqirat pointed out that he sold all his possessions and savings to build his house, which costs more than one million US dollars. He added that his 160-square-meter house sheltered 11 persons.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Monday, 10 August 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Kafur Thulth village, east of Qalqilya. They leveled agricultural lands and placed water pipes as a prelude to seize the area.
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 10 August 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Thaghrah area, east of Beit Ummer village, north of Hebron. IOF confiscated Moneer Hasan Barghith’s 3 water pumps used for irrigating crops and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service in “Gush Etizon” settlement, south of Bethlehem.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into al-Tawana village, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. IOF, who were deployed in the village, established a military watchtower in a plot of land near “Hafat Ma’oun” settlement, which is established on Palestinians’ confiscated lands. Israeli authorities claimed that there was a military decision to establish the watchtower for military purposes.
  • On Monday, 10 August 2020, Khaled Abu Ta’ah implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house in al-Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, north of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Abu Ta’ah said that he built a new house a year and a half ago near his family’s house built since 1960. He added that the construction of his house took about two months, during which the Israeli municipality issued a demolition decision against it. He was able to postpone and freeze the decision, but the court issued the final decision last month and the municipality gave him a month to implement the demolition or it will do so. Abu Ta’ah clarified that he attempted to license the house several times, but in vain. He added that he and his family comprised of 8 members live in the old house, and he was forced to build the new 85-square-meter house for his son to live in it after he gets married. Abu Ta’ah said that he and his sons vacated the house and self-demolished it to avoid paying the demolition costs for the municipality staff.
  • At approximately 08:00 on Tuesday, 11 August 2020, Israeli bulldozers demolished a 2-storey residential facility sheltering 25 persons, in addition to a nearby residential apartment (120 sqm) belonging to al-Tahan family in Wadi Qaddoum neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, under the pretext of non-licensing. Khaled Abu Taieh, Member of the Silwan Lands Defense Committee, said that the Israeli bulldozers and municipality staff raided al-Tahan family facility after completely surrounding it and then demolished it. Abu Taieh added that the 2-storey facility (400 sqm) belong to Wael, Nader and ‘Alaa al-Tahan. Wael al-Tahan said that he and his brothers built the facility in 1992 and after few months, the Israeli municipality issued a decision to seize lands from Ras al-‘Amoud and Wadi Qaddoum neighborhoods, under the pretext of being public utilities. Wael clarified that after several years, the Israeli municipality issued a demolition notice against their facility, under the pretext of non-licensing. In addition, the municipality notified his brothers that the land will be used for public utilities. Wael said that during the past years, he managed to delay the demolition several times and attempted  to license the house, but in vain. Also, the municipality imposed a fine of NIS 280,000 on his family, who attempted to license the house before building it, but the municipality refused. It should be noted that Israeli authorities escalated the demolition of houses in occupied East Jerusalem in 2020, as they demolished over 90 facilities, including buildings, residential houses, agricultural and commercial facilities, walls, and barracks. It is noteworthy that the number of facilities demolished this year until August is more than the facilities that were demolished throughout the past year, noting that the demolitions stopped during the emergency period that was taken to limit the spread of the Coronavirus. Last July, more than 20 houses were demolished in occupied East Jerusalem, half of them self-demolished. During the first 10 days of August, ten houses were demolished; 7 were self-demolished.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Sosiyia village, south of Yatta in southern Hebron. IOF were deployed between Palestinains’ house while Israeli Civil Administration officers demolished and confiscated Ahmed Jaber Hammad Nawaj’ah’s 30-square-meter tent built of steel columns and sheds. IOF also confiscated Mahmoud Khaled Nawaj’ah (32)’s concrete mixer and 10 steel columns, in addition to handing him a cease-construction notice to his under-construction room, under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • On the same time, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Fakheet area in southern Hebron. Israeli Civil Administration officers dismantled Jameel Mohammed al-‘Amour’s tent built of sheds and steel columns and confiscated it, under the pretext of non-licensing. The tent sheltered 8 members, including 4 children.
  • At approximately 10:30, IOF moved into Kafur al-Deek village, west of Salfit. They detained a concert pump and 2 trucks belonging to al-Marsah company while working in Hadi Nabil Naji’s plot of land. It should be noted that Naji’s land is threatened to be confiscated, as it is located in al-Sha’ab area. IOF forced the company’s owner, Fadi Mahmoud Sarsour, to sign a pledge not to transfer the concrete and work in Area C.
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Maghayir al-‘Abeed area in southern Hebron. IOF demolished Shehadah Mohammed Makhamrah’s 100-sqaure-meter tent built of sheds and steel columns and used for breeding sheep, under the pretext of non-licensing.
  • On the same day, IOF uprooted 100 olive seedlings and leveled agricultural lands in Khelet al-Nahlah area, south of Bethlehem. Hasan  Breijieh, Head of the Bethlehem office of Settlement and Wall Resistance Commission, said that IOF leveled ‘Amer Abu Zaghreet’s agricultural land (1.5 dunum) and demolished a retaining wall, under the pretext of being an antiquities area. It should be noted that Khelet al-Nahlah area is exposed to a settlement attack, as 1,200 dunums were seized in order to establish a settlement outpost called “Givat Eitam.”
  • On the same day, ‘Aziz ‘Eliyan implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house in al-Mukaber Mount area, southeast of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Eliyan said that 10 years ago, he added a 100-square-meter building to his old house in order to shelter his family comprised of 9 members. ‘Eliyan clarified that the Israeli Municipality issued a demolition notice against the new building and he managed to delay the demolition for several years. Two weeks ago, IOF raided his house and informed him about the final demolition decision. IOF gave him until the mid of August to implement the demolition or the municipality staff will do so.
  • At approximately 22:00, Ibrahim Abu Subi’ah implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house near Beit Safafa village, south of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Abu Subi’ah said that he built his house in 2001 on his land near Beit Safafa village. Abu Subi’ah clarified that his 3-storey house (600 sqm) costs millions of shekels. He added that when he finished the construction of his house, the municipality fined him of NIS 150,000. Abu Subi’ah paid $ 60,000 to the lawyer who managed to delay and freeze the demolition decision for several times. Abu Subi’ah pointed out that he was shocked when IOF raided his house and handed him the administrative demolition notice. Abu Subi’ah immediately phoned his lawyer, Sami Rasheed, who attempted to delay the demolition, but in vain. Abu Subi’ah was forced to self-demolished his house to avoid paying the demolition costs for the municipality staff.
  • On Wednesday, 12 August 2020, Abu Jum’a family implemented the Israeli Municipality decision and self-demolished his house in Khelet al-‘Ein area in al-Tour neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Ibrahim Abu Jum’a said that he and his brother Mohammed were forced to self-demolished their house after the lawyer informed them that there was no legal way to stop the demolition of their house, and that the Israeli municipality would force them to pay the demolition costs estimated at NIS 70,000. Abu Jum’a clarified that they started to build their 180-square-meter house (2 floors) in April 2020 and the house was still under-construction. Abu Jum’a pointed out that he was handed the first demolition notice in 20 April 2020 and the second notice on 03 May 2020. He headed to the court which refused the appeal against the demolition and decided to implement the demolition within 14 days. Abu Jum’a added that his lawyer extended the demolition decision for 3 months and paid NIS 25,000. The lawyer phoned Abu Jum’a and informed him that he no longer could delay the demolition, so Ibrahim and his brother were forced to self-demolished their house.
  • Israeli Settler Violence
  • On Saturday, 01 August 2020, 10 sheep died  after they were poisoned while grazing them in a pastoral area, close to a settlement outpost established on Kherbet Jeb’eet lands in al-Moghair village, northeast of Ramallah. The sheep’s owner accused the settlers of intentionally poisoning  his sheep. According to information obtained by PCHR’s fieldworker that Fadel Ibrahim Hamed headed to a pastoral area in Kherbet Jeb’eet lands, adjacent to a settlement outpost, to graze his sheep. In afternoon, Hamed took his 20 sheep and returned to the barn. After that, he was shocked when he saw his sheep died together within  few minutes. He immediately brought a veterinarian to treat them , and it turned out the sheep were poisoned. As a result, 10 sheep died while the rest sustained pain.
  • At approximately 13:00, 3 siblings, a woman and 2 children, sustained bruises after Israeli settlers attacked them in Tal al-Ramida neighborhood in the central of Hebron. According to PCHR’s investigations, a group of Israeli settlers chased and attacked Marwa ‘Emad Abu Shmaisah (17) while she was present in front of her family house and carrying her niece, Tarteel Taninah (6 months). Marwa’s brother ‘Awni (21) attempted to confront the settlers, meanwhile, IOF arrived at the area and attacked the family as well. As a result, Marwa’s sister Madleen (27) sustained bruises in her right foot, her brother Saleh (15) sustained wounds in his hand. In addition, IOF arrested ‘Awni and took him to an investigation center in “Kiryat Arba’” settlement. Half an hour later, IOF took Marwa and her mother Fayiza Abu Shamisah to a police station to file a complaint. In the evening, all of them were released.

Marwa Abu Shmaisah said to PCHR’s fieldworker that:  ” At approximately 13:00 on Saturday, my niece Tarteel and I were heading to the grocery store near our house. When we were on our way back to the home, Israeli settlers chased me, spitted on me, cursed me, and grabbed my hair. I ran away towards the house and shouted. My brother ‘Awni (21) saw me, caught me quickly and pushed the settlers to keep them away from me. In the meantime, IOF arrived and gathered in front of our house. My family got out of the house and the settlers cursed them. One of the settlers threw empty bottle at us, wounding my sister Madleen (27) in her right foot. After that, an Israeli police patrol arrived at the house, raided it, arrested my brother ‘Awni, and took him with them. Half an hour later, the Israeli police arrived at our house again and asked me to accompany them to the investigation center in “Kiryat Arba” settlement in order to take my statement of what happened and my mother escorted me there. After interrogating us, we were released at 19:30, and my brother ‘Awni was also released. ”

  • At approximately 02:30 on Tuesday, 04 August 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Hafat Jel’ad” settlement outpost, which is established on Fer’ata village lands, northeast of Qalqilya, moved into the outskirts of the village. The settlers set 2 vehicles on fire; the first was a taxi belonging to Marwan Ahmed Taweel, while the second was a private car for Sharhabeel al-Taweel. The settlers also vandalized the vehicles with racist slogans.
  • At approximately 22:30 on Tuesday, 11 August 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Yatizhar” settlement, southeast of Nablus, threw stones at a vehicle passing on the street. As a result, the vehicle’s windshield was broken. It should be noted that the vehicle’s driver Hisham ‘Adoun (54) along with his wife ‘Abla Mostafa al-Tamouni and their son Fathi (27) were coming from Tulkarm and heading towards ‘Orta village, southeast of Nablus.
  • Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods

Gaza Strip:

On Monday, 10 August 2020, Israeli authorities  announced the closure of the Gaza Strip’s sole commercial crossing “Karm Abu Salem”. According to PCHR’s follow-up, on Monday, 10 August 2020, Israeli authorities  announced the closure of Karm Abu Salem crossing starting from Tuesday, 11 August 2020, except for the transportation of goods for vital humanitarian cases and fuel. According to Israeli Coordinator of Government Activities in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, the decision was taken “in response to the launch of incendiary balloons and breaching security calm.”

This decision falls under the framework of the complete, illegal and unhumanitarian closure policy imposed by the Israeli authorities on the Gaza Strip since June 2007, as the  Gaza Strip crossings have witnessed tightened restrictions on the movement of goods and persons.

Regarding commercial crossings, Israeli authorities continue to impose strict restrictions on the entry of goods classified as “dual use materials.” The Israeli authorities officially list 62 items as “dual use items” which contain hundreds of goods and basic materials. The items on the “dual-use goods” list are essential to the life of the population, so imposing restrictions on them contribute to the deterioration of infrastructure and the deterioration of economic, health and education conditions. Israeli authorities also continue to ban the export of Gaza Strip products, excluding limited quantities that do not surpass 5% of Gaza’s monthly exports before the closure in June 2007.

As to the crossing dedicated for movement of individuals, the extreme measures enforced by the Israeli authorities on the freedom of movement from and to the Gaza Strip via Beit Hanoun crossing are still in effect. Since early March 2020, restrictions imposed by the Israeli authorities and the Palestinian Authority continued for the purpose of combating the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19). These measures decreased and limited the number of persons and categories allowed to travel, as all categories were banned travel, except for limited humanitarian cases, and only patients are allowed to travel for treatment abroad.

On Wednesday, 12 August 2020, Israeli authorities announced  reducing the allowed fishing area off the Gaza sea to 8 nautical miles.

The Israeli Broadcasting Corporation stated that Israeli Defense Minister Benny Gantz ordered to immediately reduce the allowed fishing area from 15 to 8 nautical miles until further notice in response to the launch of incendiary balloons from the Gaza Strip.

Zakaria Baker, Head of the Fishermen Committees  in Gaza, said that Israeli gunboats chased Palestinian fishing boats off the Gaza sea and ordered them to sail within the allowed fishing area. Baker added that Israeli naval forces fired a barrage of live bullets and pumped water at the fishermen who were forced to flee.

West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 57 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 15 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Ramallah and al-Bireh:

  • On Tuesday, 04 August 2020, IOF established a checkpoint on a main street leading to al-Jalazone refugee camp, north of Ramallah.

Jericho:

  • On Tuesday, 04 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Jericho and on al-Mo’arajat road (between Jericho and Ramallah).
  • On Monday, 10 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern and western entrances to Jericho.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 29 July 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Ethna and Sa’ir villages and at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 31 July 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Shayyoukh village, on Beit ‘Aynoun road and at the southern entrance to Hebron.
  • On Sunday, 02 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the northern entrance to Hebron and at the entrance to Ethna village.
  • On Monday, 03 August 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp, and at the entrances to Beit Ummer and Dir Samet villages.
  • On Wednesday, 05 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhoul city and at the southern entrance to Hebron.
  • On Thursday, 06 August 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Sa’ir, Beit Ummer and Raboud villages, and at the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp.
  • On Friday, 07 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the western entrance to Hebron and at the southern entrance to Halhoul city.
  • On Saturday, 08 August 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp, at the entrance to Sima village, at the northern entrance to Yatta, and at the western entrance to Hebron.
  • On Sunday, 09 August 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Sa’ir, Wad al-Shajinah and Ethna villages.
  • On Monday, 10 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Sureef and Beit ‘Aynoun villages.
  • On Tuesday, 11 August 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Ethna and Kerza villages and at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Wednesday, 12 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to al-‘Aroub refugee camp and at the southern entrance to Halhoul village.

Nablus:

  • On Saturday, 01 August 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at ‘Ainabous village square, southeast of the city.
  • On Sunday, 02 August 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints between Jaloud and Qasrah villages, at the entrance to Qaryout village and at al-Maslakh square, east of the city.
  • On Monday, 03 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at “Shafi Shamroun” intersection and at al-Moraba’ah intersection, south of the city.

Jenin:

  • On Thursday, 30 July 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Ya’boud village, southwest of the city.

Salfit:

  • On Thursday, 30 July 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Merda village, north of Salfit.
  • On Saturday, 08 August 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Merda village, north of Salfit.

Qalqilya:

  • On Thursday, 30 July 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to ‘Azoun and ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb villages, east of the city.
  • On Sunday, 02 August 2020, IOF established 4 checkpoints at the entrance to Qalqilya and at the entrances to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb, ‘Azoun and al-Nabi Iyyas villages.
  • On Sunday, 06 August 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to Qalqilya and at the entrances to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb village.
  • On Tuesday, 11 August 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Qalqilya and at the entrances to ‘Izbit al-Tabeeb and Hebla villages.

Tulkarm:

  • At approximately 08:15 on Tuesday, 11 August 2020, IOF closed a hole in the annexation wall established on Far’oun village lands, south of Tulkarn. IOF also detained a bus carrying Palestinians while heading to Israel. IOF fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the Palestinians, and prevented them from entering and exiting the hole, the entrance for workers employed in Israel.

What I saw in the West Bank

New Report Reveals Israel Demolishes Over 2,000 Palestinian Bedouin Homes per Year

August 03rd, 2020

Source

By Miko Peled

A report published in June of 2020 states that in 2017, 2018 and 2019, the state of Israel demolished over two thousand homes of Palestinian citizens of Israel per year in the Naqab region alone. The report was put together by an Israeli Non-Governmental agency called, “The Negev Coexistence Forum for Civil Equality.”

History

The Naqab, called the Negev in Hebrew, makes up the entire southern half of Palestine, and while it is a desert, it is considered to be a fertile desert. The indigenous people of the Naqab, the Palestinian Bedouin, are a semi-nomadic people and historically cultivated these lands. Zionist mythology that claims the land was barren until the Zionist colonization “made the desert bloom,” is, in fact, a lie.

The British government, which occupied Palestine from 1917-1948, and the Ottoman Empire before that, recognized the rights of the Palestinian Bedouin in the Naqab to their lands. However, from the very beginning of the Zionist colonization of Palestine, the Naqab was targeted and once the State of Israel was established, Bedouin lands were taken.

According to Palestinian professor, Dr. Mansour Nasasra, when the British withdrew from the city of Bi’r Al-Saba in May of 1948, the Palestinian mayor of the city, Shafiq Mustafa raised the Palestinian flag, signaling what was expected to be the start of Palestinian rule over the city. However, the city fell to the Zionist forces on October 21, 1948, a day the Bedouin Palestinians refer to as “Kasret Al-Saba,” or the disaster of Bi’r Al-Saba. According to Dr. Nasasra, the fall of the city, which was considered the capital of the Naqab Bedouin, “meant the end of their economic, cultural and administrative center, as well as of their freedom.” (The Naqab Bedouins, Mansour Nasasra).

Prior to the Zionist conquest of Palestine, close to one hundred thousand Palestinian Bedouin lived in the Naqab. During 1948 all of Palestine was subjected to a ruthless campaign of ethnic cleansing and the Naqab was no exception. Once the Naqab was overtaken by Zionist forces the region was subjected to a fierce campaign of ethnic cleansing allowing less than 10 percent of the native population to remain. The ones who did remain were herded into the northern part of the Naqab called the “Siage” area or fenced area, and the state invested heavily in building modern Jewish-only colonies that provided an excellent lifestyle for the colonizers while depriving the Bedouin of their land and resources.

A Palestinian Bedouin family is pictured in the Bi’r Al-Saba area circa 1945. Photo | Zochrot

Unrecognized towns

The Bedouin communities in the Naqab today make up about 250,000 people, which is about one-third of the total population of the region. They are only permitted to live in 12 percent of the towns in the Naqab, in other words, only 12 percent of the towns in the Naqab are designated for the Palestinian Bedouin citizens. And while the standard of living in the Israeli settlements and cities in the Naqab is among the highest in the country, the Bedouin live mostly in townships and impoverished villages denied the basic most services the state offers Jewish citizens.

Half of the Bedouin Palestinians live in towns that are called “unrecognized.” This means that the state of Israel does not recognize them and provides them with no services. Some of these towns predate the state and others were created by the state. In both cases, the state arbitrarily decided that the areas where these people live are no longer designated for people to live but have been designated for military or other uses by the State.

https://cdn.iframe.ly/EfV7bes?v=1&app=1

The state demands from the population that they vacate to other areas designated for them and they either refuse or are unable to do so. Since the state of Israel does not recognize the community’s right to their lands, it often relocates families onto land that belongs to other families, something the Bedouin quite often refuse to do. Furthermore, the state will often relocate several families to the same plot creating an impossible situation for them.

This lack of recognition is a violation of the rights of these communities. The unrecognized towns and villages receive no services like water, electricity, healthcare, or even roads, and they are constantly under threat of forced displacement, home demolition and land confiscation. When the state does relocate them, it is never to the highly developed wealthy Jewish-only towns but into impoverished overcrowded townships. It is also worth noting that although many of Jewish colonies in the Naqab are agricultural communities, land cultivation is not permitted for the Bedouins.

Relocation

The life of the Palestinian Bedouin is administered not like other citizens of the state of Israel but rather by governmental agencies like the Bedouin Administration Agency and the Ministry of Agriculture, which are run by Israeli Jews and in which the Bedouin Palestinians have no voice. The state wants to confiscate all the Bedouin lands in the Naqab and to relocate them into townships and uses the demolition of homes and other methods as a means to force these communities, which suffer from severe lack of housing and poverty already, into crowded townships where levels of poverty and unemployment are high.

One example is the Palestinian Bedouin village of Ras Jabara, which sits within the municipal boundaries of the city of Dimona. The city was built on lands that historically belonged to this village. Today, there are only 600 people who live in the village and even though they are within the municipal boundaries of the city, they are denied basic rights and services that the Jewish residents of the city receive. They are not even allowed to vote in the municipal elections. In March of 2018, the residents of Ras Jabara received evacuation notices because the city wanted to build a neighborhood for Jews – once again Palestinians are removed because the state wants to build for Jews only. It is likely that this community too will be relocated to one of the nearby townships.

Self demolition

The Bedouin Administration Authority has its own enforcement apparatus which includes a militarized police unit called “Yoav.” They invade the towns in the early morning hours to demolish, destroy, detain, and generally intimidate the residents. When they come to enforce a demolition order the owner of the building is given the option of self-demolition.

Israeli security forces arrive at night to demolish homes in the Bedouin community of Khan al-Ahmar, Sept. 13, 2018. Majdi Mohammed | AP

Self-demolition is often the preferred option because it allows the owners of the property to salvage whatever equipment they may have inside the property and reuse whatever scrap material they have leftover. Because these communities are by and large impoverished, most of the homes and other structures are rudimentary.

Apartheid in the time of COVID

Even with COVID-19 hitting poor communities hard, the Israeli authorities have not let up on harassment of the Bedouin Palestinians. Throughout the Naqab Israeli “enforcing” agencies continue to harass, demolish, arrest and impose outrageous fines. Israel claims that the Palestinian Bedouin of the Naqab are its citizens – a “privilege” that they never sought but was imposed on them – yet they receive none of the privileges the Jewish citizens of the state enjoy.

Feature photo | Palestinian Bedouin children stand on the rubble of two classrooms destroyed by the Israeli army in the village of Abu Nuwar, West Bank. Israel demolished the school saying the EU-funded structure was built without proper permits. Mahmoud Illean | AP

Miko Peled is an author and human rights activist born in Jerusalem. He is the author of “The General’s Son. Journey of an Israeli in Palestine,” and “Injustice, the Story of the Holy Land Foundation Five.”

The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect MintPress News editorial policy.

PCHR: Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (02– 08 July 2020)

Source

July 10, 2020 3:56 AM

Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR)

Summary

Israeli forces continued to commit crimes and multi-faceted violations against Palestinian civilians and their properties, including raids into Palestinian cities that are characterized with excessive use of force, assault, abuse and attacks on civilians. This week, IOF’s excessive use of force rendered 21 injuries among Palestinian civilians, including two children, during attacks on peaceful protests in the West Bank.

Furthermore, in Salfit, armed illegal Israeli settlers shot and injured two Palestinian civilians, one critically.

During the reporting period, Sa’di Khalil al-Gharabli (74), a Palestinian from Gaza, died in Israeli prison after spending 26 years in confinement. Al-Gahrabli died at Kaplan Medical Center in Israel, where he was recently transferred from al-Ramlah prison after his health condition deteriorated. Al-Gharabli suffered a prostate cancer, high blood pressure and diabetes, which he developed while in prison.

Over the past several weeks, the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem witnessed wide-scale demolitions and distribution of demolition notices of civilian houses and properties as well as confiscation of lands for establishing roads for settlements. This development comes as Israeli occupation authorities prepare to commence its annexation plan of large parts of West Bank territories.

This week, PCHR documented 145 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli and settlers in the occupied Palestinian Territories (oPt).

Israeli Forces shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: Israeli forces shot and wounded 21 Palestinians, including 2 children, in excessive use of force against peaceful protests in the West Bank: 2 in Nablus; and 12, including 2 children, in Kufur Qaddoum weekly protests; and 7 were wounded in military invasion into Abu Dis village in occupied East Jerusalem.

In Gaza, opened fire at fishermen on 6 separate occasions; Israeli warplanes also launched several airstrikes on the Gaza Strip, one against a farm, and another on an agricultural land in al-Zaitoun neighborhood, eastern Gaza City. The airstrikes resulted in damage to the farm and nearby homes.

Israeli army incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: Israeli Forces carried out 78 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them.

During this week’s incursions, 71 Palestinians were arrested, including 4 children and a woman. Forces confiscated Palestinian property, including cash and gold jewellery.

In the Gaza Strip, Israeli Forces stationed at Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossing arrested a Palestinian from Gaza while en route to Tel HaShomer Hospital in Israel for a bone marrow donation for his ill brother.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 13 violations, including:

PCHR also documented 3 settler attacks that included firearm assault in Salfit that rendered 2 Palestinian civilians wounded, one critically, as well as arsenal attacks on private lands in Nablus, and racist verbal assaults in Hebron.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: The Gaza Strip continues to suffer the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life.

Furthermore, since the PA ended security coordination with Israeli authorities in May 2020, hundreds of critically ill patients whose condition cannot afford delays in treatment were denied travel. This was amplified by the restrictions put in place by IOF since March 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic, that had already had grave implications on the humanitarian and economic situation of the Gaza Strip population.

Recently, a very limited number of individual cases of patients who have obtained medical referrals and financial coverage to Israel were able to travel, and some others referred to Israeli organizations working in the field of health for assistance in coordination.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.
 
I. Violation of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity/Shooting and other Violations:

  • At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 02 July 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed north west of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and sailed back to the shore. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 15:00 on the same Thursday, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyah area in the center of Hebron. They threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a military checkpoint established at the entrance to al-Shuhada’a Street, which is closed. Israeli soldiers fired several rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at stone-throwers and chased them between commercial shops. As a result, a number of stone-throwers suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 20:30, Israeli gun boats stationed west of Rafah in southern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (6 nautical miles). They surrounded 2 fishing boats and arrested 4 fishermen who were on board. Namely: Mohammed Zeyad Ali Syam (24), Emad Omer Mohammed al-Bardawil (22), Wadee’a Ismail Mohammed al-Bardawil (22) and Khalid Sameer Ali al-Bardawil (23).
  • At approximately 11:30 on Friday, 03July 2020, a peaceful protest took part from the center of Asirah northern village, north of Nablus, into lands threatened to be confiscated in al-Marj and Beit al-Zaki areas in Ebal Mount, east of the above-mentioned village. The protest was organized upon calls of the village residents and with participation of national factions in Nablus. The participants raised Palestinian flags and chanted slogans against IOF, settlers, Israeli annexation plan, and the U.S president Donald Trump’s Middle East plan. When the participants arrived at the area, a large number of IOF were waiting for them in the area. The participants performed Friday prayer in the above-mentioned land while Israeli soldiers were surrounding them and chanted slogans against IOF and settlers at the end of the prayer. IOF immediately suppressed the protest and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 2 civilians were wounded; one of them was shot with a live bullet in his left leg and the other was shot in his chest with a sound bomb.
  • It should be noted that Israeli settlers recently established 2 houses in the area and brought their belongings and sheep to it and seized control over the area adjacent to a military camp established in the above-mentioned mount in premier to establish a settlement outpost, alleging that there is a historical shrine for them in the area, knowing that 6000 dunams of lands are owned by Palestinians in the area that is threatened to be confiscated.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF stationed at the northern entrance to Kufur Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of Palestinian civilians participated. IOF chased young men who gathered in the area, confronted them, and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 12 civilians, including 2 children, were shot with rubber bullets. (the names of the wounded civilians are available at PCHR)
  • At approximately 17:00 on the same Friday, an Israeli infantry unit stormed al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. Soldiers indiscriminately fired tear gas canisters between houses alleging that a military watchtower established at the camp’s entrance was stoned. Many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 21:00 on the same Friday, a number of Palestinian young men gathered near al-Jabal area in Abu Dis village, east of occupied east Jerusalem, and threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at an Israeli military border point established in the area. A large Israeli force stormed the village and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the protestors and civilians as confrontations erupted in the area. As a result, 7 civilians were wounded. One of the wounded was shot with a live bullet in his body’s lower limb and, causing him severe bleeding and he was transferred to a local hospital. Other wounded civilians were shot with rubber bullets and they received medical treatment on the field. Also, 13 civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and 3 sustained burns.
  • At approximately 23:30 on the same Friday, IOF stormed Zabuba village, west of Jenin. a number of Palestinian young men gathered in the center of the village and threw stones at Israeli military vehicles that raided the village. Israeli soldiers immediately fired tear gas canisters at stone-throwers and chased them. A number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation and they received medical treatment on the field. IOF also arrested Mojahed Nayaz Jaradat (17) and released him later.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Saturday, 04 June 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles ). Fishermen, as a result, of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 17:00 on Sunday, 06 July 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Rafah in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (4 nautical miles). Fishermen, as a result, of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 22:20 on the same Sunday, Israeli warplanes launched a missile at a shepherds farm built on an area of 130 square meters owned by Mohsen Mohammed Salamah Abu Namous (53), in east of al-Zaytoun neighborhood, east of Gaza City. As a result, part of tools used for grazing the sheep and the farm’s outward wall were destroyed. No casualties were reported. The bombardment also caused partial damage in 3 nearby houses owned by Abu Namous family.
  • At the same time, Israeli warplanes launched 4 missiles at an agricultural land, east of al-Zaytoun neighborhood, east of Gaza City. As a result, civilians’ houses that are in the area sustained partial damage. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:30 on Monday, 06 July 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed adjacent to Khan Younis shore in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area. Fishermen, as a result of that, panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. Neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 15:00 on Tuesday, 07 July 2020, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in Bab al-Zawiyah area, set tire on fire, and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed at a military checkpoint established at al-Shuhada’a street, which is closed. Israeli soldiers immediately fired rubber bullets, sound bombs, and tear gas canisters at the young men and chased them. As a result, a number of stone-throwers suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • On Wednesday, 08 July 2020, Palestinian detained in Israeli prisons for the past 26 years, Sa’di Khalil al-Gharabli (74) from Gaza City, was pronounced dead in Kaplan Medical Center where he was recently transferred from al-Ramlah prison after his health condition Al-Gharabli suffered a prostate cancer, high blood pressure and diabetes, which he developed while in prison.PCHR communicated with al-Gharabli’s family after contradictory news about his death emerged the previous day due to the deterioration of his health condition. Accordingly, PCHR’s lawyer attempted to visit al-Gharabli in Kaplan Medical Center, but the hospital administration informed him that he should obtain the approval of the prison service. When PCHR’s lawyers contacted al-Ramlah Prison’s administration where al-Gharabli was detained, they stalled and refused his request for a visit permit.Al-Gharabli, has been detained since 1994 and sentenced to life imprisonment. The Israeli authorities disregarded the repeated calls for his release as is standard in such humanitarian cases, despite their knowledge of the deterioration of his health. Al-Gharabli was left to die in prison despite his age and having spent a very long period in prison.

 
II. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 02 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Ramin village, eats of Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Khaled Adnan Mohammed Salman (28).
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron and stationed in Ras al-Joura. They raided and searched Mohannad Hussain Falah al-Natsha’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Alaa Mohammed al-Titi’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mahmoud Abdul Rahman Khalaf (26).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Saf street, in the central Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ramadan Zeyad Janazra’s (26) house and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” Settlement, south of the city.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Omar Yousef Makharza’s (17) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:05, IOF moved into Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Omar al-Jamal (31), from his house in al-Marah neighborhood, and Nasser Zeidan al-Jada’ (32), from his house in Kharouba neighborhood, north of the city.
  • At approximately 05:30, IOF moved into al-Tiba village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Aws Ibrahim Ali Jabarin’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 17:00, Israeli special unit arrested Nidal Na’eem Abu Akar (52), while present in Caritas area, north of Bethlehem, and took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that Abu Akar is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 18:30, IOF severely beat and arrested Ehab Mohammed Abu Sunaina (18), while present near Bab al-Asbat “Lions’ Gate”, which is one of the Al-Aqsa Mosque gates in Jerusalem, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Eyewitnesses said that IOF stationed at Bab al-Asbat, stopped Abu Sunaina to check his ID card before they severely beat him and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in al-Ma’ajeen neighborhood, west of Nablus. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 21:10 on Thursday, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and sporadically opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and had to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.

Friday, 03 July 2020:

  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Zububa village, west of Jenin, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched Hussam Jamal As’ad Jaradat’s (31) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into al-Taur neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Hijazi Nazmi Abu Sbaih’s (36) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (3) incursions in Ein Yabroud and Bettin villages in Ramallah, and ‘Atouf village, southeast of Tubas in the northern valleys. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 05 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed near the UNRWA distribution center. They deployed between the Palestinian houses in the northern areas of the camp, raided and searched Abdul Karim Khaled Abu Sil’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli infantry unit moved into al-Ras neighborhood, west of Ethna, west of Hebron, coming from the western gate established adjacent to the annexation wall. IOF stormed 3 houses under construction, 200-meters away from the annexation wall, belonging to Farajallah family. IOF conducted a training session inside the houses that included shooting and withdrew from the area in the early morning.
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint at Jerusalem-Jericho street, the main road leading to al-Khan al-Ahmar village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Saleh Majdi Saleh Abu Zeid (20), from Birzeit.
  • IOF carried out (2) incursions in Ein Yabroud and Bettin villages in Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 06 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Kherbet Bani Harith, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Adnan Tal’at Hamouda (27) and Mohammed Motea’ Hamouda (24) and arrested them.
  • At approximately 01:40, IOF moved into Ein Yabroud village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Farhan Hosni Dahabra and Adel Nadeem Hoy, and arrested them.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into south of Hebron. They raided Mashhour Mahmoud al-‘Ajlouni’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:40, IOF moved into Deir Ghasana, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mo’tasem Naser Mes’hal’s (25) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Tha’er Tawfiq al-Barghouthi’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Beit Rima village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Saher Omar al-Barghouthi’s (57) house in al-Batha neighborhood, the father of the PCHR’s fieldworker, Huda al-Barghouthi. Huda said that IOF detained all the family in one room in the house and ordered her to call her brother, Emran, to surrender himself; otherwise they will arrest his family. Meanwhile, IOF accurately searched the house and confiscated a golden ring, cigarettes, and (1,300 NIS), and arrested Saher and his son Saddam (30). Later, IOF released Saher and Saddam and ordered them to surrender Emran. However, Saher al-Barghouthi received about 7 phone calls from the Israeli security officer to surrender his son Emran or they will storm their house again.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Deir Qdais village, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Sami Mahmoud Naser (22).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Bettin village, east of Ramallah. They raided and searched Lotfi Tharwat al-Kilani’s (26) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF stationed at Beit Hanoun “Erez” checkpoint, north of the Gaza Strip, arrested Abdullah Shaker Mohammed al-Daghma (38), from Tal al-Sultan neighborhood in Rafah. The family of the detainee said to PCHR’s fieldworker that Abdullah, a father of 4 children, was heading to “Sheba Medical Center in Tel Hashomer” in Israel, for a bone marrow donation for his brother Hani (45), who diagnosed with a blood cancer and receiving treatment several months ago in the above-mentioned hospital with a critical health condition.Al-Daghma’s family told PCHR’s fieldworker that after all family members did the necessary medical examinations; Abdullah’s results were the only ones that matched his brother. Accordingly, necessary procedures were conducted for his travel along with his sister. When they arrived at the Israeli side at Erez Crossing, ‘Abdullah was arrested while his sister was sent back to the Gaza Strip and quarantined according to the measures applied in the Gaza Strip.It should be noted that PCHR’s lawyer, in his capacity as legal representative of al-Daghmah, follows up with the Israeli authorities to determine Abdullah’s place of detention and to visit him as soon as possible.
  • At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ra’fat Tareq al-Issawi’s (47) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mohammed Ali al-Ghoul’s (16) house, after releasing him from al-Damoun prison where he spent 12-months in. Meanwhile, IOF rearrested him, his brother Ibrahim (18), and their father Ali (44); Mahmoud al-Bazlamit (23), and Ali al-Khayyat (21); on charge of using fireworks. Three hours later, IOF released the detainees under condition of 50 days of house arrest, ban on any connection between them, and ban the celebrations for one month.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in al-Fawwar refugee camp and al-Samoua’ in Hebron governorate. No arrests were reported.

Tuesday, 07 July 2020:

  • At approximately 00:00, IOF stationed at Beit Fourik military checkpoint on the northeastern entrance of Nablus, arrested Mohammed Khaled Banhajawi (19) and Qusai Ishaq Shehada (21), from Balata refugee camp, east of the city. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Beit Rima, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (5) civilians: Saher Omar al-Barghouthi (57), Yehya Samer al-Rimawi (19), Ahmed Husam al-Rimawi (18), Amir Ahmed al-Rimawi (18), and Yousef al-Rimawi (19).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (7) civilians: Majd Ibrahim al-Hamshari (23), Mahmoud Atef Abu Zeina (25), Eslambolly Reyad Bdeir (29), Nour Osama Yasin (23), Mathna Fo’ad al-Masri (22), and Hasan Ra’ed al-Jamala (26).
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Anabta village, east of Tulkarem. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Abdul Rahman Sabha (33).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (3) civilians: Mohammed Sameeh Jabr (28), Mohammed Adel Enaya (38), and Oday Yousef Hanini (Hasayen) (24).
  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Deir Abu Mesh’al village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched Mousa Naser Zahran’s house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Awarta village, southeast of Nablus, north of the West Bank. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mos’ab Abdul Salam Awwad (19).
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of Hebron. They raided and searched Mousa Ahmed Abu Hashhash’s house, and no arrest was reported.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF arrested Nahla Sa’eed Syam (31), while present in Bab Hatta, one of al-Aqsa Mosque’s gates, in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took her to one of the investigation centers in the city.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood, northwest of al-‘Isawiya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Ahmed Harbi Obaid’s (29) grocery, and severely beat and arrested its owner and Eyad Dawoud Obaid (23). IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out two incursions in Hebla and Qalqilia villages in Qalqilia governorate. No arrests were reported.

Wednesday, 08 July 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Qarawat Bani Hassan village, west of Salfit. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Salama Azzam Mar’i (21).
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Kufur Qaddoum village, east of Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohammed Rajab al-Qadoumi (35).
  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in Karbat Zaheda area. IOF raided and searched Shadi Mohammed Mousa Shaheen’s (45) house and his tobacco factory, which is licensed by the Palestinian National Authority, and confiscated (20) barrels of Glycerin, which is used in manufacturing the tobacco, and arrested Shadi’s son.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Eisa neighborhood, the western side of Hebron. They raided and searched ‘Aa’ed Mohammed Haimouni’s (30) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Jeet village, northeast of Qalqilia. They raided and searched several houses and arrested Mohannad Jamal al-Sidda (25).
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Obaid neighborhood, northwest of al-Issaweya village, northeast the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Marwan Obaid (20) and Mohammed Esmat Obaid (19), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Surif, west of Hebron. They raided and searched Fadi Mohammed Ghuneimat’s (35) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:30, IOF stationed Bab al-Asbat, arrested Mohammed Yaser Abu al-Hawa (27), while getting out from the Aqsa Mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and took him to one of the investigation centers in the city. It should be noted that Mohammed is a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF arrested the engineer, Bassam Khalil al-Hallaq (62), who is in charge of construction works, inside the Al-Aqsa Mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and took him to one of the investigation centers. It should be noted that IOF arrested al-Hallaq several times on grounds of doing some construction works in the Aqsa Mosque.
  • At approximately 10:00, dozens of IOF and Intelligence Services moved into Daheyat al-Bareed area, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the office of the Maps Department of the Arab Studies Society and arrested it’s director and the expert in maps and Israeli colonies, Khalil Mohammed al-Tafkaji (64), and took him to an unknown destination.It should be noted that al-Tafkaji is an expert in maps and Israeli colonies who follow up and document the settlers’ activities in the oPt, was arrested a few months ago for several hours before he was released.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF arrested Emran Saher Al-Barghouthi (28), from Beit Rima village, northwest of Ramallah, while driving near Hilmich settlement with his father Saher al-Barghouthi (57), heading to Ofer settlement after being summonsed to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services. Day before, Saher was arrested and released on the same day from his house in Beit Rima.
    Saher al-Barghouthi said to PCHR:“My son and I were driving our car heading to the Israeli Intelligence Services office after my son was summoned during my detention. Before we arrived to Helmich settlement, west of Ramallah, an Israeli vehicle crossed our way and arrested Emran, and took the keys of my car and locked me in it. I shouted at the Israeli soldiers while they were severely beating my son, but to no avail. In the end, they took my son and one of the soldiers ordered me to take my car and immediately leave the area, without my son”.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to the judge in the Sharea’ court, Dr. Eyad Mohammed al-‘Abbasi (54) and Jamil Eissa al-‘Abbasi (32) and took them to al-Maskoubeya investigation center. At approximately 19:00, IOF released them on condition that cut the connection between each other and 5 more persons.
  • At approximately 18:00, IOF deployed in Hebron’s Old City’s neighborhoods, arrested Khaled Ibrahim al-Batsh (21), awhile present in Khan Shaheen area, and took him to “Kiryat Arba’” settlement’s investigation center, east of Hebron.

III. Settlement Expansion and Settler Violence in the West Bank

a. Demolition and Confiscation of Palestinian Civilian Property for Israeli Settlement Expansion Activities

  • At approximately 10:00 on Thursday, 02 July 2020, Israeli authorities accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers and a vehicle of the Israeli Water Authority (Mekorot) closed the entrance to Ethna village, west of Hebron. IOF stopped 4 trucks for transporting water and confiscated them under the pretext they transported stolen water from the main water line located near the bypass road (60).
  • At approximately 12:00, IOF accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Khelet Mosbah in western ‘Aqrabah village, southeast of Nablus. IOF confiscated 2 diggers belonging to Shaker Shokri Lafi Bani Fadel and Fares al-Jama’ni, under the pretext of illegal working in Area C. Shaker and Fares were building an agricultural street in the area.
    Suhail Sameeh ‘Abed al-Fattah, a digger driver, told PCHR’s fieldworker that “At approximately 12:00, a digger driver and I were building an agricultural road in Khelet Mosbah area in western ‘Aqrabah village, southeast of Nablus, through 2 diggers belonging to Shaker Bani Fadel and Fares al-Jama’ni. During which, we found 4 Israeli vehicles carrying soldiers, who stepped out of the vehicles and approached us. They got into the diggers and forcibly ordered us to step out. They confiscated the diggers under the pretext of illegal working in Area C. IOF took the diggers to an unknown destination and left us in the area.”
  • On Thursday, 02 July 2020, Shalaldah and ‘Arameen families implemented the Israeli Municipality order and self-demolished their houses in al-Sahel neighborhood in al-Tour village, east of occupied East Jerusalem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Waleed Shalaldah said that Jerusalem Municipality court issued a decision to stop construction works in the 2 houses, under the pretext of non-licensing.On Wednesday, the Ministry of Interior stated that the demolition order must implement within 72 hours or the 2 families will pay the demolition costs estimated at NIS 10,000 for the municipality. Shalaldah pointed out that his house along with his neighbor ‘Arameen’s house were built few months ago on an area of 130 square meters. Hussain ‘Arameen said that it was supposed to live in the house with his wife and their 8 children.
  • On Sunday, 05 July 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles moved into Kherbet ‘Allan in al-Shona area, north of al-Jeftlik village, north of Jericho. IOF were deployed in the area, where they arrested Mousa Ahmed Salem Jahaleen while working in his agricultural land and took him to an unknown destination. Also, IOF confiscated Jahaleen’s bulldozer under the pretext of working in Area C.
  • On Tuesday, 07 July 2020, an Israeli police force accompanied with Israeli Municipality staff moved into al-‘Isawiya village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem, for the 2nd consecutive day and hanged demolition notices on 15 residential and commercial facilities, under the pretext of non-licensing. Mohammed Abu al-Humus, Member of al-‘Isawiya Follow-up Committee, said that on Monday and Tuesday morning, IOF accompanied with Israeli Municipality staff moved into al-‘Isawiya village, where they hanged demolition notices on 15 residential and commercial facilities; some of them were under-construction while others were inhabited. He also pointed out that most of the owners obtained decisions from the Israeli Municipality to freeze the demolition.Abu al-Humus added that among the notified facilities were: Rafat Tareq al-‘Issawiy’s house that was bulldozed by IOF in 2013, houses belonging to ‘Eliyan, Dari and Mahmoud families, and Ihsan Abu al-Humus’s barrack. Abu al-Humus clarified that the Israeli Municipality photographed dozens of facilities and streets in the village. He added that the Israeli Municipality recurrent incursions and distributing demolition notices and summonses to refer to the municipality caused confusion and instability among the villagers, who attempt to license their facilities, but in vain.
  • At approximately 06:00 on Tuesday, 07 July 2020, Israeli military construction vehicles demolished a retaining wall in ‘Ein al-Jowizah area, north of al-Walajah village, west of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. An activist Ibrahim ‘Awadallah, from al-Walajah village, said that the Israeli military construction vehicles demolished a retaining wall surrounding Ahmed al-Atrash’s house in ‘Ein al-Jowizah area, under the pretext of non-licensing. ‘Awadallah pointed out that this area is exposed to a fierce attack by settlers, including demolishing houses and retaining wall, levelling lands, distributing notices to stop construction, and summoning dozens of civilians for investigation.‘Ein al-Jowizah area is located within the Israeli municipality boundaries in occupied East Jerusalem, and its residents are obliged to pay taxes “Arnona” even though they do not have a Jerusalemite identity card. Observers and experts in the settlement issue believe that the Israeli authorities are launching a campaign against al-Walajah village, aiming at completing the construction of the annexation wall and implementing new settlement plans, including confiscating more lands in favor of the so-called “Israeli National Park.”
  • At approximately 06:00 on Wednesday, 08 July 2020, Israel Nature and Parks Authority’s crews accompanied with IOF raided a bricks workshop in Wadi al-Jouz neighborhood, east of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. The workshop belongs to civilians from al-Salimah, Marar, Srour and Abu Nab families. The Israel Nature and Parks Authority’s crews and IOF demolished the workshop and confiscated its contents estimated at NIS 500000, under the pretext of being in “National Parks” lands, where construction is prohibited.The workshop owners said that the Israel Nature and Parks Authority’s crews completely surrounded the industrial area in Wadi al-Jouz and raided the workshop. They demolished the workshop and confiscated its contents, including 3 bulldozers, 2 mounted-crane trucks, 14 tractors, concrete emptying and casting machines, tiles and stones. The workshop owners pointed out that the Israel Nature and Parks Authority’s crews handed them along with other workers summonses to refer to the Israel Nature and Parks Authority and Israeli Ministry of Interior and ordered him to pay the transportation and confiscation costs. The workshop owners clarified that the Israel Nature and Parks Authority’s crews implemented the demolition and confiscations before the court hearing, which is slated to be held in August 2020. The workshop owners pointed out that their losses are estimated at NIS 500,000, and many workers lost their work.
  • At approximately 09:00, IOF accompanied with a bulldozer raided Eyad Abu Subaieh’s house in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF vacated the house contents as a prelude to demolish it. During which, lawyer Sami Irsheed managed to freeze the demolition order, so the IOF withdrew and stole some of the house contents. Abu Subaieh clarified that his family comprising of 9 members lives in the house from 3 years and after raiding their house, they vacated all its contents for fear of demolishing the house. He added that after the lawyer managed to freeze the demolition for 21 days, they found that IOF stole a piece of gold belonging to his wife, in addition to mobile phones, devices, glasses, and other contents. Abu Subaieh added that he informed a soldier about the stolen items, then the soldier replied: “go and file a complaint!”
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF backed by Israeli military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Hamida area in Yatta, south of Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers demolished a livestock bran built of sheds and iron angels. During which, al-Najada family self-demolished their livestock sheds for fear of confiscating them. It should be noted that Israeli authorities sell the confiscated items in a public auction and if their owners want to recover them, Israeli authorities compel them to pay high financial amounts, impose fines on them and prevent them from using these items in Area C.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israel Nature and Parks Authority’s crews accompanied with IOF raided Omar and Ismai’l Samareen’s plot of land in Wadi al-Rababa neighborhood in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. The Israel Nature and Parks Authority’s crews and IOF demolished a room built of tin plates and used as a store of agricultural tools, under the pretext of non-licensing. Omar Samareen said that he built 20-square-meter room in his plot of land in Wadi al-Rababah neighborhood 3 years ago to put the agricultural tools in it. He added that he was previously handed several demolition notices, but he appealed the decision and the court did not issue a final decision. Samareen pointed out that the Israeli Municipality and Israel Nature and Parks Authority deprive the lands owners of using their lands, as construction in this area is prohibited.
  • At the same time, IOF handed a notice to seize 689 square meters belonging to Qarawet Bani Hassan lands, west of Salfit. This plot of land is property of Ratib Mohammed ‘Abdullah Khatib, from Sertah village. Khatib said that: ” I was notified by IOF and informed about the seizure notice by the municipality. On 08 July 2020, IOF hanged the seizure notice on my 698-square-meter land located between Bedia and Sertah villages. It should be noted that I previously filed a case in the court about removing a workshop and the court stop the demolition.”
  • At approximately 12:00, Israeli bulldozers demolished foundations of Eyad and Feras Nabil Da’na’s house in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. It should be noted that Eyad and Feras implemented the Israeli Municipality order and self-demolished their house 3 weeks ago, under the pretext of non-licensing. Feras Da’nah said that IOF insisted on raiding the house and demolished its foundations, despite having self-demolished it 3 weeks ago. He clarified that both his family and his brother’s (11 persons) lived in the 140-square-meter house for the past 10 months.
  • At approximately 19:00, Israeli bulldozers cut and broke 200 olive trees in al-Shajarah area in Yasouf village, east of Salfit. These trees belong to the heirs of the Musleh family. Mohammed Musleh said that: “on 08 July 2020, Israeli bulldozes moved into al-Shajarah area in Yasouf village, east of Salfit, where they cut and broke 200 olive trees belonging to me and cousins.” It should be noted that IOF did not hand us any notices to demolish the trees and they suddenly raided the land and bulldozed the trees as a prelude to establish a settlement road.”

b. Israeli Settler Violence

  • At approximately 19:00 on Friday, 03 June 2020, dozens of Israeli settlers, from “Kiryat ‘Arba’” settlement, which is established on Palestinians’ confiscated lands in eastern Hebron, gathered in Palestinian agricultural lands in Wad al-Husain area, east of Hebron. Israeli settlers chanted racist slogans calling for killing Arabs. It should be noted that Israeli forces were present in the area and made no attempt to stop the settlers.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Saturday, 04 July 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Price Tag groups”, set fire to Palestinians’ lands in the western mount in Hawarah village. As a result, dozens of dunams were burnt.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Sunday, 05 July 2020, at least 8 armed settlers opened fire at 4 Palestinian farmers working in their agricultural land in Khelet Hassan area in Bidia village, west of Salfit. As a result, Mohanad Omar Sadeq ‘Asi (52) was shot and injured with a live bullet that settled in his waist; and Dawoud ‘Abed al-Rahman Salama al-Wafiyia (58), was shot and injured with 2 live bullets in the shoulder and neck. Following that, Palestinian young men gathered in the area and confronted the settlers while the mentioned farmers were taken to Yaser ‘Arafat Hospital for treatment. ‘Asi was in critical heath condition, so he was referred to Plension Hospital in Israel.

Palestinians lose “legal ” battle to save Jaffa’s 200-year-old Muslim cemetery

Tel Aviv court rejects an appeal by Jaffa’s Islamic Council to halt construction of a homeless shelter on grounds of Al-Isaaf Muslim cemetery

Source

Palestinians had protested for weeks against the construction of a homeless shelter over the 18th-century Muslim burial ground (AFP)

By MEE staff

Published date: 7 July 2020 17:54 UTC

A Tel Aviv court has rejected an appeal by Jaffa’s Islamic Council to stop the city from building a homeless shelter on the site of an 18th-century Muslim cemetery. 

Judge Limor Bibi from the Tel Aviv district court revoked a restraining order on Tuesday that had stopped the city from building the shelter and ordered the Islamic Council to pay $2,200 in legal fees.

The Jaffa Islamic Council had filed a legal case claiming that the Tel Aviv municipality – which has jurisdiction over Jaffa – did not have a valid permit to build over the 200-year-old Al-Isaaf cemetery.

Last month an Israeli court ruled that the construction of the homeless shelter would be halted until a hearing on 22 July after weeks of protests during which Israeli forces beat Palestinian citizens who accused the municipality of erasing its heritage.

But the hearing was moved up to Sunday after the Tel Aviv municipality claimed a delay caused by the Islamic Council’s appeal had negatively impacted the municipality’s finances.

Tarek Ashkar, director of the Islamic Council, dismissed the Tel Aviv court’s ruling and said it was “legal acrobatics” and an example of how it was discriminatory towards Palestinians. 

“They could have said the permit was valid, but they didn’t say that,” Askar told Haaretz, who added that the city provided no further documentation for its claims. 

“The system is tipping the scales for the benefit of Tel Aviv’s municipality.”

Tel Aviv’s Mayor Ron Huldai welcomed the decision and said the “court decision proves that the city has worked and continues to work with sensitivity and according to the law”.

Al-Isaaf cemetery, which lies just north of the walls of Old Jaffa near the Hassan Bek Mosque, was built almost 200 years ago. Despite not being in active use for nearly 90 years, the cemetery holds hundreds of Palestinian tombs.

Jaffa was once an epicentre of the Palestinian economy, with some 120,000 people living in and around the flourishing city on the Mediterranean Sea in 1948.

Almost 95 percent of the Palestinian population of Jaffa and its surrounding villages were expelled by Zionist militias during the Nakba, or the catastrophe, that year.

Over the decades, Jaffa’s historic neighbourhoods were progressively demolished and the city shrank into a small town that was then absorbed by the municipality of Tel Aviv.

Related

ROBERT INLAKESH ON HIS DOCUMENTARY, “STEAL OF THE CENTURY: TRUMP’S PALESTINE-ISRAEL CATASTROPHE”

Source

Robert Inlakesh is a Documentary Filmmaker, Journalist, and Middle-East  Analyst

I recently spoke with him on his visits to Occupied Palestine nd in  particular his two-part documentary, “Steal Of The Century’: Trump’s  Palestine-Israel Catastrophe” , the first part of which he released on  June 5.

Watch part 1

Twitter: @falasteen47

Facebook/Youtube: Robert Inlakesh

Robert’s Patreon

Hundreds March In New York Against ‘Israel’s’ West Bank Annexation Scheme

Source

Hundreds March In New York Against ‘Israel’s’ West Bank Annexation Scheme

By Staff, Agencies

Hundreds of protesters marched through New York City to voice opposition to the Zionist entity’s annexation plans in the West Bank and the continued occupation of Palestinian territory as the Tel Aviv regime gears up for a major land grab.

A sizable crowd of demonstrators gathered in Brooklyn for Wednesday’s ‘Day of Rage’ rally, where marchers were seen carrying an array of flags and banners while shouting slogans for a “free Palestine.”

The gathering grew throughout the afternoon, according to local reporters at the scene, who estimated that some 2,000 people turned out for the rally. Though there were no reports of clashes with law enforcement, riot police were present, trying and failing at one point to corral protesters to one side of the street.

Dozens of speakers from local organizations addressed the crowd during the march, while members of Neturei Karta, an anti-Zionist Orthodox Jewish organization, were also spotted at the event carrying elaborate signs and placards.

Similar rallies were also staged in New Mexico and California. Early on Wednesday morning, protesters gathered outside the San Francisco home of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-California) to protest against the annexation plan, calling on the lawmaker to join progressive Democrats in opposing the scheme, local media reported.

The protests come as the Zionist regime moves ahead on plans to annex all Jewish settlements in the West Bank – including in the strategically important Jordan Valley – many of which were built on Palestinian land in defiance of international law.

While the move was initially slated for July 1, on Tuesday Zionist Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu suggested the plan would be delayed as talks continue with Washington, which has yet to give its formal blessing for the land grab.

Related Videos

Related News

%d bloggers like this: