Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Palestine (14 – 20 May 2020)

Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (14 – 20 May 2020)

Posted by PCHR

14 – 20 May 2020

Palestinian killed in Hebron for alleged attempt to ram Israeli soldiers with his car

  • 11 Palestinian civilians sustained wounds, including a child, in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
  • 11 shootings reported against agricultural lands and 4 times at Palestinian fishing boats in eastern and western Gaza Strip
  • In 72 IOF incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem: 66 civilians arrested, including 7 children and 2; 1 limited incursion into eastern Gaza
  • 2 houses and residential barracks demolished; and 8 cease-construction notices distributed to 8 houses, and confiscation of lands in the West Bank
  • Settlers attacks in the West Bank: Palestinian child stabbed, 3 civilians assaulted; 70 olive trees cut, and lands razed.
  • IOF established 69 temporary military checkpoints in the West Bank and arrested 17 Palestinians on said checkpoints

Summary

 This week, IOF killed a Palestinian man alleging that he rammed soldiers with his car in Hebron; and continued its attacks on Yabad village, arresting civilians in a manifestation of the Israeli collective punishment policy. Furthermore, this week witnessed increased settler attack, as settlers stabbed a boy, razed lands and cut olive trees.

This week, PCHR documented 174 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt.  The restrictions imposed under the state of emergency have hindered our fieldwork team’s ability to cover all incidents in the oPt and were forced to collect information via phone from trusted local sources. As such, this report is an incomprehensive record of Israeli violations of human rights against Palestinians in the oPt, as IOF continues its attacks against civilians despite the exceptional circumstances that have overcome the whole world in the face of a life-threatening viral pandemic.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: IOF shot and wounded 11 Palestinian civilians in excessive use of force; 2 fishermen at northern Gaza sea; 3 during suppression of civilian protest in Nablus; 3 in occupied East Jerusalem; a child in Hebron and 2 in Jericho and Yabad village in Jenin.

In Gaza, 11 shootings against agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip were reported, as well as 4 shootings during Israeli naval forces chasing of Palestinian fishing boats at Gaza sea.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 72 incursions into the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, enticing fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 66 Palestinians were arrested, including 7 children and 2 women. IOF maintained its collective punishment practices in Yabad village, southwest of Jenin, conducting 7 raids and arresting 12 civilians, including a mother and her daughter who were arrested twice.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted a limited incursion into eastern Buraij refugee camp, central Gaza Strip.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, PCHR documented 7 violations, including: scheme to confiscate dozens of dunums of Palestinians’ agricultural lands, southwest of Jenin, for the expansion of a settlement and establishment of resort for settlers. A barracks was destroyed, a barn and a well in the Jordan Valley; a residential barracks and 3 cattle-raising tents in eastern Ramallah; notice to halt construction at 8 houses and an agricultural room; two houses demolished and an agricultural room in Bethlehem; notice to halt work in an agricultural land in Salfit and a cottage confiscated in Hebron.

PCHR also documented 10 settler attacks: throwing stone and assaulting a civilian, 30 olive trees cut, lands set on fire in Nablus; lands razed in the Jordan Valley; 40 olive trees cut in Bethlehem; Palestinian car sabotaged in Ramallah; child stabbed in eastern Jerusalem; 15 dunums of land razed in Tulkarm; assault on a civilian and his child in Hebron.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement:

The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity
  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity
  • At approximately 06:00 on Thursday, 14, May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 3 nautical mils). Israeli gunboats also fired a number of artillery shells in the vicinity of the fishing boats. The attack continued until 09:00 on the same day. The attack caused fear among other fishermen who sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:30 on the same Thursday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds. As a result, the shepherds had to leave the area fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 14:30 on the same Thursday, Israeli soldiers stationed at military checkpoint established at Beit ‘Awa village’s entrance, southwest of Dura, southwest of Hebron, fired live bullets at a vehicle, claiming that its driver carried out a run-over attack against a soldier, who was near a military watchtower, and wounding him as stated by the Israeli army. the shooting resulted in the injury of the vehicle driver, Baha’a Eden Mohammed Abdullah ‘Awawdah (19) with several live bullets. Israeli authorities declared later the death of Baha’a, who was from Deir Samet village, adjacent to the place of incident, and kept his dead body under their custody. IOF also summoned Baha’s father for investigation in the military watchtower and released him an hour later. IOF did not allow Baha’s father to see his son’s dead body and there was no eyewitnesses to see what really happened at the checkpoint.
  • At approximately 16:30 on the same Thursday, Israeli soldiers stationed along border fence, east of Rafah, opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern al-Shokah village, adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 22:00 on the same Thursday, an Israeli infantry unit moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, deployed between houses and patrolled the streets. A number of Palestinian youngsters gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers. The soldiers chased stone-throwers and indiscriminately fired live bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 16-year-old child was shot with a live bullet in his foot. He was taken to the Governmental Hospital in Hebron. IOF later withdrew from the camp; no arrests or incursions were reported.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Friday, 15 May 2020, IOF reinforced with military vehicles moved into Aqabet Jaber refugee camp, north of Jericho. They raided and searched several houses, 2 of them owned by ‘Ali Na’el Abu al-‘Asal and Yusuf Qatash. Another Israeli force deployed patrolled the camp streets. Dozens of Palestinian young men gathered in the camp streets and threw stones, empty bottles and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli soldiers and the latter responded with rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. As a result, a 19-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in his foot. Israeli soldiers continued chasing the young men and heavily attacked 3 young men namely: Fathi Mohammed Mo’aiqel, Mohammed Nader Qatash, and Mohammed Hamidat. As a result, the 3 young men sustained minor wounds and they received medical treatment on the field. No arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 05:30, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip chased and opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area ( 3 nautical miles). IOF also fired live and rubber bullets at a fishing boat. As a result, 2 fishermen, from al-Shati refugee camp, west of Gaza City, namely:
  1. Ahmed Mousa Ramadan Abu ‘Amirah (24), was shot with a rubber bullet in his head; and
  2. Nidal Mousa Ramadan Abu ‘Amirah (38), was shot with several rubber bullets.

Furthermore, the fishing boat’s engine sustained partial damage and 11 fishing nets were lost and damaged.

Fisherman, Nidal Mousa Ramadan Abu ‘Amirah, said to PCHR’s fieldworker: ” At approximately 04:30, my brother Ahmed, my son Mohamed and I headed to the sea in northwest of Beit Lahia for fishing. We sailed at 3 nautical miles (the allowed fishing area). At approximately 05:30, an Israeli gunboat approached us and Israeli naval forces fired live and rubber bullets at us. As a result, my brother Ahmed  sustained a rubber bullet wounds in his head and fainted on the boat board. Also, the fishing boat’s engines sustained damage and stopped working. The Israeli naval forces approached our boat again and damaged a 600-meter-long fishing nets. Fifteen minutes later, a Palestinian fishing boat approached us and helped my bother Ahmed while another fishing boat tied our broken boat and tried to pull it to a safe area. During which, Israeli naval forces targeted our boat again and I sustained metal balls wounds in my left foot and hand. Despite the extreme danger, the fishermen were able to pull us to a safe area. After that, my brother Ahmed was taken to al-Shifa Hospital, where his injuries were classified as moderate.”

  • At approximately 07:40 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah opened fire at Palestinian shepherds. As a result, the shepherds had to leave the area fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00 on the same Friday, on the anniversary of the Nakba Day, a peaceful protest took part from the center of al-Sawiyah village, southeast of Nablus into lands threatened to be confiscated in al-Wad area, north  of al-Sawiyah village, adjacent to Rahalim settlement. The participants raised Palestinian flags, carried a number of olives seedlings to implant them instead of the trees that were uprooted a month ago. The participants were surprised with IOF that deployed in the area and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters to disperse the participants. As a result, 3 Palestinian civilians were wounded. They were taken to the Governmental Hospital in Nablus for medical treatment. The wounded civilians were identified as:
  1. A 54-year-old civilian, from al-Sawiyah village, sustained burns in his hand and bruises throughout his body due to the explosion of a sound bomb;
  2. A 37-year-old  civilian, from Tamoun village, southeast of Tubas, was shot with a rubber bullet in his head; and
  3. A 40-year-old civilian, from al-Sawiyah village, southeast of Nablus, sustained a fracture in his left hand sue to the explosion of a sound bomb.

Furthermore, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas canisters.

  • At approximately 20:00 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers fired several flare bombs in the vicinity of Kherbat Mnaizel, east of Yatta, south of Hebron. As a result, winter cereal crops in a two-donum land belonging to Rashid family caught fire.
  • At approximately 22:30 on the same Friday, a number of Palestinian young men and children protested near an Israeli military border point in al-Jabal area in the center of  Abu Dese village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. The protestors threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli vehicles. As a result, one of the military vehicles caught fire. An Israeli force immediately raided the village, and heavily fired live ammunition and tear gas canisters at the civilians and clashed with them in the area. As a result, 3 civilians were shot with  live bullets in their lower extremities and they were identified as:
  1. Ahmed Abdullah Saleh Khanafsah, was shot with an explosive live bullet  in his hand;
  2. Mohaned Mohammed Jamal al-Kahtib was shot with several live bullets in his thigh; and
  3. Awwad Ali Younis Halabiyah was shot with a live bullet in his thigh. Eyewitnesses said that IOF established a military checkpoint near al-Izariyah village’s entrance, east of occupied Jerusalem. They stopped an ambulance belonging to Palestine Red crescent Society (PPCS) that was transferring 3 of the wounded civilians and deliberately delayed it for 20 minutes before allowing it to move after the wounded civilians’ ID cards were photographed.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Saturday, 16 May 2020, IOF moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed adjacent to UNRWA distribution center. A number of Palestinian young men gathered in the area and threw stones at Israeli armored military vehicles. The soldiers also chased stone-throwers and fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of stone throwers suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. No incursions were reported.
  • At approximately 01:25 on the same Saturday, IOF patrolling on Nablus-Ramallah Street, near Beta village’s square, southeast of Nablus, indiscriminately opened fire at a Palestinian civilian riding a motorcycle at the entrance of the abovementioned village. IOF also chased the civilians and arrested him after he fall from his motorcycle taking him to an unknown destination. The arrestee was identified later as: Qais Jihad Helal al-Jaghoub (19), from Beta village.
  • At approximately 08:00 on the same Saturday, 16 May 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Maghazi in central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:15 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 20:45 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Gaza Valley (Johur al-Deek), southeast of Gaza city, opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00 on Sunday, 17 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest if Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). Israeli gunboats also fired a number of flare bombs in the vicinity of the fishing boats. As a result, fishermen panicked and sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:35 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:40 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence. East of al-Maghazi in central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:00 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:20 on Monday, 18 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest if Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 08:35 on the same Saturday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 19:00 on the same Saturday, IOF moved into Aqabet Jaber refugee camp, north of Jericho. They raided and searched a house belonging to Sheikh Shaker Omarah (60), leader at Hamas Movement, and arrested him. When IOF withdrew, clashes erupted between them and Palestinian young men at the camp’s entrance. Israeli heavily soldiers fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 22:00 on Wednesday, 20 May 2020, an artillery shell fired by the Israeli occupation forces stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip, in addition to flare bombs at agricultural lands. No casualties were reported.

Continued Attacks on Yabad Village:

IOF continue to attack Yabad village, southwest of Jenin, since Tuesday , 12 May 2020, after an Israeli soldier was killed after being hit with a stone from one of the rooftops. IOF conducted demolitions, arrests and assaults on civilians, closing main and sub-roads with sand berms and cement cubes; and heavily opened fire amidst collective punishment’s tight measures.

In addition to last week’s attacks documented in last week’s report, PCHR documented the following:

  • On Thursday morning, 14 May 2020, IOF raided and searched a number of houses in Yabud village, southwest of Jenin. they arrested 4 civilians, including a child, namely: Khalid Rebhi Mohammed Abu Baker (13), Ala’a Adnan Abu Baker (25), Mohammed Jihad Helmi Abu Baker (22), and Yusuf Qais Amarnah (28).
  • A number of civilians gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at military vehicles stationed in the village. IOF fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 26-year-old civilian was shot with a live bullet in the foot. He was taken to Dr. Kahlil Suleiman Hospital for medical treatment and his injuries were classified as moderate. Furthermore, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • On Friday morning, 15 May 2020, IOF raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 civilians, including a female and her child, who were arrested on Tuesday, 12 May 2020, from their house and released on the same day. The arrestees were identified as Suheilah Mohammed Abu Baker (42), her child Iman Nathmi Abu Baker (12), and Bara’a Bassam al-Sheikh Khalil (19). IOF released Suheilah and her child in the same day evening after they were questioned for several hours.
  • At approximately 06:00 on the same Friday, IOF raided and searched a house belonging to Adnan Yaseen Hamarshah, who suffer an impaired disability, in Yabud village. IOF maltreated the house residents and heavily attacked them by beating them.

According to information received by PCHR from Hamarshah family, IOF reinforced with about 30 to 40 soldiers raided and searched a house owned by Adnan Yaseen Hamarshah (55) in al-Bayarah neighborhood, east of the abovementioned village. The soldiers broke the house’s main door blowing it up and provoked the residents and shouted at them. The soldiers also separated men and women, each in a room. Adnan Hamarhsha, the house owner and a former prisoner and his sons, Anas (20) and Omer (28), who are also former prisoners. Omer has been out of the prison for 2 weeks along with their uncle. The soldiers questioned Anas at the beginning while heavily beaten him as an inspector attempted to strangulate him more than once, which provoked his father, Adnan. Adnan asked the soldiers: why do you act like this” in Jewish language. Israeli soldiers suddenly beaten Adnan with their legs and hands, legs and the rifles’  butt until he bled from his head and fell from his wheelchair into the ground. Adnan’s brother  attempted to help  him, but the soldiers attacked him by heavily beating him. The soldiers withdrew later from the house without offering first aid for Adnan. Palestinian ambulances arrived at the village, and offered first aid for Adnan. He was taken to Dr. Khalil Suleiman Hospital in Jenin for medical treatment. Doctors found out that a large cut in his head that needed 35  stitches.

  • At approximately 10:00 on the same Saturday, 16 May 2020, IOF raided and searched a number of houses in the abovementioned houses. They arrested 3 civilians, including a female and her daughter, who were arrested for the third time, namely: Suheilah Mohammed Abu Baker (42), her daughter Iman Nathmi Mahmoud Abu Baker (12) and Rabah Turkman (19). IOF questioned the detainees and released them later.
  • On Sunday morning, 17 May 2020, IOF raided and searched several houses and arrested Mojahid Majd Amarnah (20) and Nidal Ya’qoub Nafi’at (31).
  • At approximately 03:30 on Tuesday, 19 May 2020, IOF moved into Yabad village, southeast of Jenin. they raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Mohammed Qais Amarnah (25) and Abdullah Abdul Rahim Abu Baker (23) and arrested them.
  1. Incursions and arrests

Thursday, 14 May 2020:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Shwaika suburb, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched Bader Ahmed al-‘Areed’s (15) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF stationed at the eastern entrance of Qalqilya, arrested Mohammed Bashar Ju’aidi (40), from Qalqilya. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed at the western entrance of Ezbit al-Tabib, east of Qalqilya, arrested Majdi Majed Hasan Qur’an. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 19:30, IOF stationed on a temporary military checkpoint near Arraba, southwest of Jenin, arrested Tha’er Fathi Amarna (32) and Alaa’ Subhi Ali Abu Baker (25), from Ya’bod, southwest of Jenin governorate. IOF took them to unknown destinations.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF stationed at the entrance of Kafr Qadoum village, north of Qalqilya, arrested Aqel Ramzi Aqel (21) and Mousa Abdul Latif Ali (17) and released them later.
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint established on the western entrance of Taqoua’ village, east of Bethlehem, arrested Yousef Ali Thawabtah (16) and Mohammed Ra’fat Dereyah (16). IOF took them to unknown destinations.

Friday, 15 May 2020:

  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Obaid village, west of al-Issaweya, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Akram Fadi Ali Mustafa (18) and Adnan Obaid (23), and arrested them.
  • At approximately 17:10, , IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of Bita village, on Nablus Ramallah street, southeast of Nablus governorate, arrested three civilians and confiscated their private vehicle. IOF took the arrestees to unknown destinations, the arrestees are: Bashar Abdul Karim Mer’ai (30), Islam Hamed al-Jaghoub (25), from Beita village, and Karam Azzam Tayeh (26), from Araq al-Tayeh northwest of Nablus. It should be noted that all of the abovementioned arrestees were former prisoners in the Israeli prisons.
  • IOF carried out (6) incursions in Deir Sharaf and Sebastya in Nablus; al-Shoyoukh and Tarqoumya in Hebron governorate; Badros and al-Mughayar villages in Ramallah. no arrests were reported.

Saturday, 16 May 2020:

  • At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied east Jerusalem. They raided and searched Majd Salah Derbas’s (21) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Aseera al-Shamaleya, northwest of Nablus governorate; al-Laban al-Sharkeya and Ainabous villages southwest of Nablus governorate, and al-Beira. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 17 May 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Yatta, south of Hebron Governorate. They raided and searched Eyad Ayman Fayez Abu Alian’s (44) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in al-Salam neighborhood. They raided and searched Motaz Theeb al-Owaiwi’s (24) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Ummer, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Mohammed Ahmed Abu Maria’s (32) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Waleed Hein Mizyen’s (18) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:00, IOF moved into Beit Fujjar village, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Ammar Mahmoud Thawabta’s (14) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 21:50, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on al-Bathan road between Nablus and Tubas, on the northern entrance of Nablus governorate, arrested Omar Abdullah Munya (25), from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus.
  • In the evening hours, The Israeli Minister of Internal Security issued a decision to close “Volunteer for Hope Institution” for 6 months, in charge of working for the PA in Jerusalem, and arrested its director. Ahmed Jalajel, the public information officer of the institution, said that the Israeli intelligence Services stormed the institution office in Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem, and handed them the closure decision which was signed by the Internal Security Minister. Jalajel added that the closure decision is in breach of an agreement law application in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, through implementing activities and work for the PA in Jerusalem. Jalajel confirmed that the institution is providing help for youth, children, women, marginal families, and persons with disabilities for 2 years. The Lawyer Khaldoun Najem said that the Israeli Authorities arrested the director of the institution, Silvia Abu Laban, and took her to al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem for investigation.
  • IOF carried out an incursion in Jabara village, south of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 18 May 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF stationed near “Bawabat al-Madrasa” east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip. Dozens of soldiers moved out of the border fence to repair the barbed wire along the border fence.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hadab al-Fawwar village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses and arrested Wa’d Jamal al-Badawi (19) and Mus’ab Ayed Asfour (22).
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched Naseem Tayseer al-Titi’s (17) house and took him to where the military vehicles were located. Around the same time, IOF moved into Adam Mohammed Tafesh’s (22) house, and handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services in “Gush Etzion” settlement, south of Bethlehem. At approximately 04:00, IOF withdrew from the refugee camp along with the arrested child.
  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hindaza village, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Abbas Shihada al-Ta’mari’s (22) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into al-Issaweya village, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Mohammed Obaid’s house, they severely beaten and arrested his two sons; Mahmoud (22) and Abdullah (18).
  • At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into al-Tawr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Khaled Abu al-Hawa’s house and arrested his two sons: Ahmed (19) and Yousef (18).
  • At approximately 04:35, IOF moved into Misleya village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and arrested: Ahmed Nabeeh Abu al-Rab (25) and Talal Naser Turkman (22).
  • At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the house of the former prisoner Huthaifa Bader Halabeya’s (34) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Huthaifa was released from the Israeli prisons 5-months ago after his hunger-strike for 67-days as a denial of being administratively detained.
  • In evening hours, IOF stationed at al-Karama crossing between the West Bank and Jordan, arrested Mohammed Ameen Abu Daqqa (22), who’s suffering a kidney cancer, Mohammed is a father of two sons living in Abasan, east of Khan Younis. He was arrested while he was in his way back to the Gaza Strip after receiving treatment in Jordan hospitals for several months.

Abu Daqqa’s brother said to PCHR’s fieldworker that Mohammed left the Gaza Strip through Rafah border crossing to Jordan 9-months ago for treatment. Mohammed was not able to return from Rafah border crossing due to the flight restrictions of the Coronavirus pandemic, so he stayed in Jordan until he got a permit to return to Gaza through al-Karama crossing. He added that his family received a phone call from the Israeli Intelligence Services to inform them that Mohammed was arrested and referred to al-Majdal prison.

  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Kferit village, southwest of Jenin, Talouza, Sebastya in Nablus, and Far’oun village, south of Tulkarm. No arrests were reported.

Thursday, 19 May 2020:

  • At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into several neighborhoods in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched several houses and handed Hisham Mohammed al-Bashiti (19) and Nidal Bader al-Zughayar (47) summonses to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services. Furthermore, IOF arrested (5) civilians claiming that they were present at the reception of the former prisoner and the activist Nihad Bader Zughayar (42), who was released in 17 May, and banned from entering Jerusalem for 2 weeks. The arrestees are: Ra’ed Bader Zughayar (45), Adham Anwar al-Za’tary (19), Abdullah al-Joulani (19), Mohammed Ahmed al-Joulani (23), and Ahmed Abdullah Abu Ghazalah (51).

It should be noted that IOF released them at approximately 17:00, on bail of (500 NIS) for each and under house arrest until next Friday.

  • At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Ali Eyad Jaber’s (18) house and took him to an unknown destination.
  • Around the same time, IOF stationed on the military watchtower established on the main entrance of al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah, arrested Mohammed Khaled Hamada, Ameer Abu Owda, Yazan Abu Owda, and Mohammed Amjad Safi, from al-Jalazoun refugee camp. They were arrested while they were cutting the street adjacent to the military watchtower. IOF took them for investigation inside the watch tower, and released them later.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Deir Samit village, southwest of Hebron governorate. They raided and searched Baha’ al-Dein Mohammed al-Awawda’s (19) house, who was killed after the IOF shooting him dead on Thursday, 14 May 2020. IOF detained the family in one room and searched the house precisely, then they released and no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Thawri neighborhood, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Yehya Mousa al-Daqqaq’s house and arrested his son Mohammed (24), and handed his son Mousa (27) a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Services.
  • At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Dura al-Qar’a, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Hasan Yaseen Hamdan’s (26) house and arrested him. It should be noted that Hamdan is a former prisoner.
  • Around the same time, IOF moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched Nassar (32) and Qais (22) al-Barghouthi’s houses and arrested them.
  • At approximately 07:00, IOF moved into al-Obaideya village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched Qutaiba Mahmoud Khalifa’s (19) hous, while he was out of the house, and arrested his father for several hours to put pressure on Qutaiba to surrender himself. After two hours, Qutaiba surrendered and his father was released.
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF arrested Hamza Nimir (41), the guard of al-Aqsa Mosque, while he was inside the mosque in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to one of the investigation centers in the city and released him after several hours.
  • At approximately 17:00, IOF arrested Abdullah Waleed Syam (26), after severely beaten him in al-Wad street in the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 20:30, IOF arrested Ahmed Jawdat al-Shawish (27), while he was present near al-Asbat (Lion’s Gate) one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s gates), after severely beaten him and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched Munir Salah al-Basti’s (25) house and took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 21:30, IOF moved into al-Tawr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Oday Fadi bu Jum’a’s (16) house and arrested him. IOF took him to an unknown destination.

Wednesday, 20 May 2020:

  • IOF carried out two incursions in al-Fawwar refugee camp and Karza village in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem

  • Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities
  • On Thursday, 14 May 2020, settlements council in northern West Bank declared a plan to confiscate and seize dozens of Palestinians’ agricultural dunums, southwest of Jenin, in favor of expanding a settlement and building a resort for settlers. Based on a statement by the council, it is planning to build a recreation resort on a 37-dunum area near Reihan Settlement, west of Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. The project has been approved by the council’s chairman Yossi Dagan.
  • At approximately 11:00 on the same day, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Kherbet Ras al-Ahmar in northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas. The military construction vehicles demolished a barrack, a sheep barn and an artesian water well, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C. The IOF’s attacks were as follows:
  1. Saqer ‘Izzat Bani ‘Odah’s 50-square-meter barrack was demolished.
  2.  Suliman Jameel Suliman Bani ‘Odah’s 200-square-meter sheep barn was demolished.
  3. Mowafaq Fakhri Daraghmah’s artesian water well was demolished.

IOF also confiscated 25 water pipes; each one is 8 meters long.

  • At approximately 12:20 on Thursday, 15 May 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Mo’arajat area, south of al-Taiba village in eastern Ramallah. The military construction vehicles demolished a 160-square-meter residential barrack built of tin plates and steel columns, under the pretext of non-licensing. The barrack was sheltering 8 members, including 3 children. IOF also demolished 3 tents used for breeding livestock and confiscated them, under the pretext of non -licensing in Area C. The demolished barrack and tents belong to ‘Eid Fazza’ Ka’abna.
  • On the same day, Israeli authorities notified 8 under-construction houses and 2 agricultural rooms in Nahaleen village, west of Bethlehem, to stop construction works in them, under the pretext of non-licensing. Nahaleen Municipality Mayor, Subhi Zidan, said that the notified houses are located in Khelet al-‘Adas, Tayel and Wadi Salem areas. Among those notified facilities were: Mo’taz Hasan Najajrah’s under-construction house and Mousa Hasan Ghayada and Mohamed Jameel Fanoun’s agricultural rooms. Zidan clarified that Nahaleen village is exposed to a settlement attack, especially during the emergency state to combat coronavirus. The latest of these attacks was the notification of 8 houses, a park and retaining walls in Bakoush area 3 days ago to expand “Gush Etizaon” settlement’s boundaries. Zidan added that there is a settlement institution called “Regavim” that posted a video on its social media pages, saying: “It is following the urban expansion of the Palestinians, and this hinders the annexation plan and other plans that will be conducted in the area.”
  • At approximately 17:00 on Friday, IOF moved into Qattan al-Jami’ area in Dirsitiyia village, north of Salfit. IOF handed Hussain ‘Abed al-Raheem Zaidan a notice to stop cultivating his land, under the pretext of working in Area C and working in an area belongs to “Yakir” settlement. IOF gave Zidan 30 days to remove all plants and return the land to its previous status and ordered him to pay the plants removal’s cost. Zidan said that:” we were returning from Ramllah after spending a holiday and heading to our house in Dirsitiyia village. When we arrived at our house, we saw vehicles entered Qattan al-Jami’ land. I drove my car and headed there to see what happens. Meanwhile, a person, from Qarawet Bani Hassan area, phoned me and informed me that the Israeli Civil Administration officers found him near my plot of land and handed him a notice to remove 80 plants within a month or an Israeli force will do so and I will pay all costs.”
  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 18 May 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Beit ‘Aynoun village in northern Hebron. IOF were deployed in the eastern neighborhood of the village while Israeli Civil Administration officers confiscated Hisham Mohamed ‘Eida’s 15-square-meter mobile wooden hut, under the pretext of construction in Area C. It should be noted that Israeli authorities seized ‘Eida family lands 4 years ago and established a mobile settlement outpost on them, overlooking “Kiryat ‘Arba’” settlement.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF demolished 2 houses and an agricultural shed in al-al-Walajah village in western Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Mohamed Harbi Abu Sdoud said that IOF moved into Nab’iet al-Hadafa area and demolished his 50-square-meter house comprised of 2 rooms and their facilities, in addition to his uncle Fakhri ‘Abdullah Abu al-Sdoud’s 80-square-meter-house comprised of 2 stories. It should be noted that IOF demolished Fayiz ‘Abed Rabu’s 80-square-meter agricultural shed.

Israeli Settler Violence

  • At approximately 22:00 on Thursday, 14 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Ytizhar” settlement, which is established on Nablus south-eastern village, hide on a hill adjacent to Yatizah bypass road and threw stones at Palestinians’ vehicles passing on the road. No injuries among Palestinians were reported.
  • On Friday, 15 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from a settlement outpost established on Palestinians’ lands in Abu Qandoul area in northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas, leveled Palestinians lands in the area, connected a 4 km underground water line and placed a water tank on Palestinians’ lands.
  • On Saturday, 16 May 2020, settlers cut dozens of olive trees in Nahaleen village, west of Bethlehem. Deputy of Nahaleen Municipality Mayor, Hani Fanoun, said that settlers, from “Jaf’out” settlement, which is established on Bethlehem southern lands, cut 40 olive trees in Wadi Jamjoum area. These trees belong to the siblings Na’iem, Taha and Yousef ‘Abed al-Rahman Fanoun and Mohamed Yousef Fanoun. It should be noted that Nahaleen village is lately exposed to a settlement attack as many inhabited and under-construction houses, retaining walls, and other facilities were notified.
  • At approximately 14:30 on the same day, Israeli settlers, from “Ytizhar” settlement, which is established on Nablus south-eastern lands, attacked Eyad Fawzi Hasan Hussain (41), from ‘Einabous village, while he was present in the outskirts of the village from the northern side. As a result, Hussain sustained bruises and wounds throughout his body and taken to Rafida Hospital for treatment.
  • At approximately 17:00 on Saturday, 16 May 2020, Mohamed Baseem Mohamed Mostafa Najjar, from Yatma village, southeast of Nablus, found that 30 olive trees were cut and their twigs were broken in his plot of land in Jabal Subaieh area. It should be noted that Jabal Subaieh area is threatened to be confiscated for settlement purposes, and this attack was carried out by the settlers.
  • At approximately 19:20 on Sunday, 17 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from “‘Adi ‘Ad” settlement, which is established in al-Seder Ras al-Shiekh area, northeast of Ramallah, damaged Yazan Faisal ‘Abed al-Kareem Dawabsha (25)’s vehicle. Dawabsah is a dentist from Doma village, southeast of Nablus.
  • At approximately 23:00, an Israeli setter stabbed Mohamed Fadi al-Natsha (17) with a knife while the latter walking on al-Mosrarah street, adjacent to Bab al-‘Amoud area in the central occupied East Jerusalem. As a result, al-Natsha sustained moderate wounds in his neck and received treatment at Hadasa Hospital in West Jerusalem. Based on a statement by the Israeli police, IOF arrested the attacker. Al-Natsha stated that while he was heading to meet his friend on al-Mosrarah street, an Israeli settler chased him and asked him to talk with him several times, but he did not respond and complete walking. He added: ” the settler cursed me, so I stopped to know what he wants. Meanwhile, he pulled me, got his knife out, stabbed me in my neck, and flee”. Al-Natsha said:  I  suffocated and became unable to breathe. I then headed to my friends who were few meters away and told them about what happened with me. We went to a police patrol present in the area and told them about the incident details. They phoned an ambulance, which arrived half an hour later.”
  • At approximately 08:00 on Monday, 18 May 2020, an Israeli settler, under IOF’s protection, leveled 15 dunums planted with olive trees in an area located between ‘Izbet Shofa and Kafa, southeast of Tulkarm, under the pretext of belonging to ” Avni Haivets” settlement, which is established western of the mentioned villages. The land is owned by the heirs of Ahmad ‘Aref and Hamid family, from Shufa and Kafa villages.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Monday, 18 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Ramati Yashai” settlement outpost, which is established on the Palestinian confiscated lands in Tal al-Rimitha neighborhood in central Hebron, attacked Tayseer Hamed Abu ‘Isha, who lives in the settlement outpost. The settlers beat and spat on Abu ‘Isha while he was returning to his house with his son Hitham, noting that IOF were in the area and did not intervene or stop them.
  • At approximately 19:30 on Tuesday, 19 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from “Rehlim” settlement, which is established on al-Sawiyia village lands in the northern side, southeast of Nablus, burned dozens of Palestinians’ dunums planted with olive trees and wheat in al-Wad area. The Palestinians managed to extinguish the fire later.
  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods
  • West Bank:

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. IOF established 69 temporary checkpoints, where they searched Palestinians’ vehicles, checked their IDs and arrested 17 of them. IOF closed many roads with cement cubes, metal detector gates and sand berms and tightened their measures against individuals movement at military permanent checkpoints.

Jerusalem:

  • On Tuesday, 19 May 2020, IOF established dozens of temporary checkpoints near occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City and inside it. They denied Palestinian worshipers’ access to the city, except for its residents, and prevented them from reviving “Laylat al-Qadr“, a holy night  which coincides with the 27th night of Ramadan at the Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem.

Ramallah:

  • On Friday, 15 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at al-Tiba village intersection and on a road connecting between Shaqbiyia and Qibiyia villages, northwest of Ramallah.

Bethlehem:

  • On Thursday, 14 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints near al-Nashash area and at the entrances to Janata and Taqou’a villages, east of Bethlehem.
  • On Friday, 15 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints near al-Nashash area and at the entrances to Beit Jala and Beit Fajjar villages.
  • On Saturday, 09 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to Beit Fajjar village, south of Bethlehem.

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 14 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Samou’a and al-Dahiriyia village.
  • On Friday, 15 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Hebron, at the entrance to Ethna village and on ‘Oyoun Abu Saif road.
  • On Sunday, 17 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrance to al-Shayyoukh village and at the entrance to al-Fawar refugee camp.
  • On Monday, 18 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Ethna and Beit ‘Awaa villages and at the southern entrance to Hebron.
  • On Wednesday, 20 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Hebron and at the entrance to al-Dahiriyia village.

Nablus:

  • On Thursday, 14 May 2020, IOF closed Surra gate at the southwestern entrance to Nablus, and Madama gate at the southern entrance to the city.
  • On Friday, 15 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint between Madama and ‘Oreef villages, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Saturday, 16 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the intersection of al-Moraba’a village and at the entrance to ‘Orta village, southeast of Nablus.
  • On Sunday, 17 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of al-Moraba’a village at the southern entrance to Nablus.
  • On Monday, 18 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at Ytizhar intersection at the south-eastern entrance to Nablus, and at al-Moraba’a intersection at the southern entrance to Nablus.
  • On Tuesday, 19 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance to ‘Asira al-Shamaliyia village, at the northern entrance to Nablus.

Tulkarm:

  • On Saturday, 16 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to ‘Anbata and ‘Izbet Shofa villages.

Salfit:

  • On Saturday, 16 May 2020, IOF established 2 checkpoints at the entrances to Kaful Hares and Merda villages, north of the city.
  • On Sunday, 17 May 2020, IOF established a checkpoint at the southern entrance to Kaful Hares village, north of the city.

Qalqiliyia:

  • On Sunday, 17 May 2020, IOF established 3 checkpoints at the entrances to Jenisafout and ‘Azoun villages, and between al-Nabi Iyyas and Jayyous villages, east of Qalqiliyia.

PCHR: Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in Palestine (07 – 13 May 2020)

Source

Israeli forces continued to violate Palestinians’ human rights and commit crimes against civilians and their properties, conducting raids into Palestinian cities without regard to the state of emergency declared across the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) since 06 March 2020, in the efforts put forward to combat the spread of coronavirus. Military raids are conducted without proper attention to prevention and safety standards to mitigate the risk of transmitting coronavirus to Palestinian territory, as the virus is widespread throughout Israel. PCHR’s concerns over Israeli raids still stand, as those raids undermine preventive measures adopted by the government.

Meanwhile, settlers backed up by Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) continued to seize more civilian property and attack civilians and their property. This week, Israeli forces launched an arrest campaign against prominent Palestinian figures who work for the Palestinian Authority (PA), in a continuation of Israeli systematic efforts to combat the presence and work of the PA in occupied East Jerusalem. PCHR reiterates its concern over the Israeli occupation’s policy of banning any preventive measures by the Palestinian Authority in occupied East Jerusalem, especially that Israel has adopted lenient measures in the city despite its responsibility for it under international law as an occupying power.

This week, the Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) documented 168 violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by IOF and settlers in the oPt. The restrictions imposed under the state of emergency have hindered our fieldwork team’s ability to cover all incidents in the oPt and were forced to collect information via phone from trusted local sources. As such, this report is an in-comprehensive record of Israeli violations of human rights against Palestinians in the oPt, as IOF continues its attacks against civilians despite the exceptional circumstances that have overcome the whole world in the face of a life-threatening viral pandemic.

IOF shooting and violation of right to bodily integrity: IOF killed Zaid Qaisiya (16) early on Wednesday, 13 May 2020; and wounded 24 Palestinian civilians, including 4 children, in excessive use of force in both the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. The child was killed after he was shot with a live bullet in the head while on the rooftop of his 4-storey home; as a result, he fell to the ground. Additionally, 7 injuries were documented including 4 children, one of whom was arrested, in two raids into al-Fawar refugee camp in Hebron.

In Kufur Qaddoum, IOF suppressed a protest and wounded 6 civilians. One Palestinian was shot and wounded in occupied East Jerusalem as IOF alleged he attempted a stabbing attack. In the Gaza Strip, 4 fishermen were shot and wounded with rubber bullets in two separate incidents in the northern Gaza sea.

Dozens of civilians suffocated due to inhalation of tear-gas fired by IOF during its raids into Palestinian cities. IOF committed 4 shootings against agricultural lands eastern Gaza Strip, and 6 shootings were reported against Palestinian fishing boats off the western Gaza Strip shore.

IOF incursions and arrests of Palestinian civilians: IOF carried out 72 incursions into the West Bank. Those incursions included raids of civilian houses and shootings, inciting fear among civilians, and attacking many of them. During this week’s incursions, 89 Palestinians were arrested, including 19 children, 3 women and a journalist.

The largest number of attacks and arrests were at Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, as up to the writing of this report, IOF continue to raid the village since Tuesday, 12 May 2020, after IOF announced that one of its soldiers were killed after being hit with a stone from one of the rooftops. IOF have since conducted raids, and a large arrest campaign involving entire families, abused the civilian population, closed streets and fired heavy live fire in measures that align with Israel’s collective punishment policy. PCHR documented 34 arrests, including 2 women and 6 children.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted two incursions into eastern Khan Younis and Central Gaza; and arrested 2 fishermen at northern Gaza sea.

Restrictions on Journalistic Work

Israeli Intelligence Services handed Palestine TV correspondent in Jerusalem, Christeen Khaled al-Rinawi (31), a decision signed by the Israeli Public Security Minister, Gilad Erden, extending the closure of Palestine TV’s office in East Jerusalem, and ban its activities in Jerusalem and Israel for six additional months.

Collective Punishment Policy

As part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against the families of Palestinians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, IOF demolished Palestinian detainee’s, Qassam Abdul Karim al-Barghouthi family home in Kobar village, north of Ramallah, at dawn on Monday, 11 May 2020.

On Friday, 01 May 2020, IOF Mohamed ‘Alaa Jameel Risha’s (19) family a demolition notice. Risha was arrested and wounded after carrying out a stabbing attack on 28 April 2020 in Kafar Saba city in Israel.

Settlement expansion activities and settlers’ attacks: IOF continued its settlement expansion operations in the West Bank. PCHR documented 6 violations, including: 5 demolition notices of a house, 3 barracks and a yard in Nablus; 8 notices to halt construction of 8 houses, a park, walls and electric poles in Nahalin village, west of Bethlehem; iron bridges and digging equipment confiscated in Hebron; and a decision to confiscate Ibrahim Mosque lands in Hebron for a project intended to create Jewish majority in the city, by building an elevator, cafeterias and special route to facilitate raids by Jewish persons to the mosque. Additionally, the foundation of an under-construction house was razed in Jericho.

PCHR also documented 5 settler attacks: a raid into al-Gabt area, 30 olive trees destroyed; anti-Arab vandalism in Ramallah; assault on a Palestinian in occupied East Jerusalem; and houses attacked and vandalized, assault on a civilian a theft of his sheep in Nablus; 24 olive trees sabotaged in Qalqilia.

Israeli closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement: The Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the history of the Israeli occupation of the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons or goods, humanitarian conditions and bearing catastrophic consequences on all aspects of life. Furthermore, IOF uses Erez Crossing that is designated for movement of individuals as an ambush to arrest Palestinians who obtain permits to exit via Israel.

Meanwhile, IOF continued to divide the West Bank into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation since the Second Intifada and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilian movement is restricted, and they are subject to arrest.

1.Violation of the Right to Life and Bodily Integrity; Shooting and Other Violations

  • At approximately 08:30 on Friday, 08 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily fired live and rubber bullets at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (2 nautical miles). As a result, 3 fishermen were injured: Majed Fadel Hasan Baker (59), was shot with a rubber bullet in his head, Mohammed Omran Sabri Baker (26), was shot with a rubber bullet in his hand, and Mohammed Suhail Baker (25) sustained bruises as a result of pumping water at the oat. The wounded fishermen were transferred to al-Shifa Hospital for medical treatment.In the same incident, 2 fishing boats were damaged; the first one , property of Hasan Baker, sustained several bullets that damaged it and its engine, while the second boat, property of Sabri Mahmoud Sa’ied Baker, sustained several bullets that damaged it and its engine as well. The fishermen were able to pull the damaged boats. The Israeli naval forces’ shooting and chasing continued until 11:00, causing fear and panic among the fishermen and forcing them to flee.Fisherman Mohamed ‘Imran Sabri, told PCHR’s fieldworker that:”At approximately 05:00, 3 of my brothers and I headed to the sea for fishing by boat. At approximately 09:00, Israeli gunboats chased the boat and opened fire at us. An Israeli gunboat approached the boat, ordered us to take off our clothes, and pumped wastewater at us, noting that we were sailing within the allowed fishing area (less than 3 nautical miles). As a result, I sustained rubber bullet wounds and bruises while the boat’s engine sustained damage and stopped working. The chasing and shooting continued for 3 hours before the fishermen were able to help us and take us to seaport.”
  • At approximately 11:20 on the same Friday, IOF stationed at “Eyal” crossing, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear-gas canisters at them. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation.
  • At approximately 14:30 on the same Friday, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kufur Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated against settlement activities and demanded to open the village’s street, which has been closed since 2003. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear-gas canisters at them. As a result, 4 civilians sustained rubber-coated steel bullet wounds, 2 of them in the head and the 2 others in the back and thigh.
  • At approximately 14:50 on the same Friday, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at Palestinian shepherds. As a result, the shepherds had to leave the area fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on the same Friday, IOF closed the main entrance to Aboud village with iron gate. In response, a number of Palestinian young men gathered in the vicinity and threw stones and Molotov Cocktails at Israeli soldiers stationed at the village entrance. The soldiers chased the protestors between houses and indiscriminately fired sound bombs and tear-gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of protestors suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. Later, IOF withdrew from the village; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 16:50 on Saturday, 09 May 2020, IOF stationed at the northern entrance established at lands of Kufur Qaddoum village, north of Qalqilia, suppressed a protest in which dozens of civilians participated. IOF chased the young men, who gathered in the area, clashed with them and fired rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 30-year-old young man was shot with a rubber bullet in his leg and a 21-year-old young man was shot with a rubber bullet in his right hand.
  • At approximately 18:50 on the same Saturday, IOF stationed at the annexation wall, adjacent to Zeta village, north of Tulkarem, fired live bullets at a number of Palestinian workers when they attempted to enter Israel through the wall’s gate. As a result, a 28-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in his right leg. He was transferred to Thabet Thabet Hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 07:00 on Sunday, 10 May 2020, IOF assigned to guard the annexation wall, adjacent to Far’oun village, north of Tulkarem, opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers. As a result, a 50-year-old civilian, from al-Fare’ah refugee camp, south of Tubas, was shot with a live bullet in his left leg. He was taken to Tulkarem Hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 07:50 on the same Sunday, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily fired live and rubber bullets at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). IOF also confiscated the fishing nets of some boats. As a result, fishermen panicked and sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00 on the same Sunday, Israeli soldiers fired live bullets and tear gas canisters at a group of Palestinian youngsters, who were present in Ein al-Deblah area, adjacent to al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron. As a result, 3 children were wounded and one of them was arrested: a 16-year-old child was shot with a live bullet in his left foot. The arrested child was identified as Morad Bassam al-Bayed (12). He was taken to Soroka Medical Center in Israel. No information about al-Bayed’s injury. As a result, of that, Israeli soldiers closed al-Fawar refugee camp’s entrance with an iron gate and banned vehicles’ movement.
  • At approximately 19:30 on the same Sunday, IOF stationed along the border fence, adjacent to Faroun village, south of Tulkarem, fired live bullets at a number of Palestinian workers when they attempted to enter Israel for work through the wall’s gate. As a result, 3 civilians sustained live bullet wounds in their lower extremities. They were taken to Dr. Thabet Thabet hospital for medical treatment.
  • At approximately 02:00 on Monday, 11 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and sporadically fired live and rubber bullets at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (2 – 4 nautical miles). The attacks continued on and off until 08:00 on the same day. As a result, fishermen panicked and had to sail back to the shore; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 04:20 on Monday, 11 May 2020, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Qifin village, northeast of Tulkarem. They raided and searched Awni Ra’ed Awni Mas’as Ta’mah’s (29) house. They searched the house and arrested Ta’mah. At the same time, IOF raided and searched a house owned by the family of Arqam Riyad Khalid Harshah (25) in the same area. IOF opened fire at Harshah claiming that he attempted to run away. As a result, he was shot and injured with a live bullet in his left foot. IOF also damaged the vehicle of Harshah’s father and broke his cell phone after he quarrelled with the Israeli force. IOF arrested Riyad Harsha before they withdrew from the village. It should be noted that Harshah is a former prisoner.
  • At approximately 08:00 on the same Monday, IOF stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire and tear gas canisters at agricultural lands, east of al-Fukhari village, adjacent to the border fence; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Tuesday, 12 May 2020, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen panicked and had to sail back to the shore; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:45 on the same Tuesday, Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fisherman Nidal Ashraf Mahmoud al-Hessi (24), from Jabalia was shot and injured with a live bullet in his left shoulder when he was on board a fishing boat. Al-Hessi was taken to the Indonesian Hospital for medical treatment and his injury was classified as minor. The attack caused fear among other fishermen who sailed back to the shore fearing for their lives. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:30 on the same Tuesday, Israeli soldiers stationed at Qalediyah military checkpoint, north of occupied East Jerusalem, opened fire at Ibrahim Ahmed Balal, from Yatta village, south of Hebron, alleging that he attempted to carry out a stab attack at the checkpoint. As a result, Balal was shot with a live bullet in his abdomen. He was taken to Shaare Zedek Medical Center in West Jerusalem for medical treatment.Israeli media claimed that Balal arrived at the vehicles side at the checkpoint, jumped out of a van and attempted to stab an Israeli guard stationed at the checkpoint with a screwdriver. However, the security guards noticed him and opened fire at him.Association of Prisoners and Ex-Prisoners Affairs said that the health condition of Balal was initially serious, but did improve. The association clarified after its lawyer visited the wounded prisoner that he is currently at Shaare Zedek Medical Center as he sustained a live bullet in his abdomen. The Prisoners’ Association emphasized that the Israeli Magistrates Court in Jerusalem decided to expand the detention of Balal until next Monday, claiming pending investigation.
  • At approximately 19:40, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands adjacent to the border fence. No casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF that was patrolling near the entrance to Tarmas’iya village, northeast of Ramallah, heavily beat Mohammed Nassar Shehadah (27), from Abu Falah nearby village, by their rifles after they forcibly stepped him out of his vehicle when he was driving back home. As a result, he sustained minor wounds in his head and hand.
  • In a new crime of excessive use of lethal force, on Wednesday, 13 May 2020, IOF killed a Palestinian child and wounded 4 others, including a child, during their incursion to al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron. The child was killed after he was shot with a live bullet in his head when he was at the roof of his 4-storey house, causing his fall on the ground.According to PCHR’s investigation, at approximately 05:20 on Wednesday morning, IOF moved into al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron, using a Palestinian vehicle. They stationed in Jabrin neighborhood and about 20 soldiers stepped out of the military vehicles that immediately left the camp. The soldiers knocked on a number of houses and threatened civilians as they were searching for the family of Anas Ayman Atiya al-Haliqawi (20). The soldiers raided Anas’s house and arrested him.In the meantime, a number of Palestinian young men gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers while the latter responded with sound bombs and tear-gas bombs. The young men continued throwing stones. When Israeli soldiers arrived at the main street in the center of the camp, at approximately 05:45, and about 250 meters away, a soldier fired several live bullets at a roof of a 4-storey house, overlooking the main street where child Zaid Fadel Mohammed Qaisiyah (16) and his 2 relatives were watching the incidents. Zaid was shot with a live bullet in his head and fell on the ground. A number of the neighbors arrived after the 2 girls shouted and transferred him via a civilian vehicle to Abu al-HHasan al-Qasem Hospital in Yatta, south of Hebron, where his death was pronounced.In the meantime, clashes increased between stone throwers and Israeli soldiers when the latter withdrew to the east of the camp towards al-Hadab area, adjacent to the camp. Israeli soldiers stationed in al-Jorn area indiscriminately fired live bullets at stone throwers. As a result, 4 civilians, including a child, sustained live bullets throughout their bodies. They were transferred via ambulances belonging to Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS) to al-Ahli Hospital in Hebron and Abu al-Hasan al-Qasem in Yatta. The wounded civilians were as follows: a 19-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in the right and left knees ,a 17-year-old child was shot with a live bullet in his right thigh, causing a femur fracture, a 19-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in the abdomen was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), and a 19-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet in the chest and he too was admitted to the ICU in al-Ahli Hospital. Israeli soldiers withdrew from the camp at approximately 06:30, taking with them Anas al-Haliqawi.
  • At approximately 06:30 on Wednesday, 13 May 2020, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Buraij in central Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands, adjacent to the border fence; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 09:30 on Wednesday, 13 May 2020, , Israeli gunboats stationed northwest of Beit Lahia in northern Gaza Strip, chased and heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within the allowed fishing area (3 nautical miles). As a result, fishermen were forced to sail back to the shore fearing for their lives; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 11:00 on the same Wednesday, family of fishermen Mohammed Abdul Razeq Saeed Baker (49) and Mahmoud Aziz Redwan Baker (23) received a phone call from the Israeli Intelligence Service informing them that Mohammed and Mahmoud are under arrest and they were taken to Asqalan investigation center.According to the statement of Thabet Mohammed Abdul Razeq Baker (25), Mohammed’s son: “At approximately 16:00 on Tuesday, 12 May 2020, my father, Mohammed Baker left with fisherman Mahmoud Baker for fishing using a fishing hook and took a boat owned by my father. We later were surprised with a phone call from the Israeli Intelligence Service informing us that my father and Mahmoud were arrested without any other information about how or when they were arrested. It should be noted that the Israeli naval forces chased the boat north of Gaza Strip shore on Tuesday, evening and Wednesday morning.

Continued Attacks on Ya’bad Village

Up to the writing of this report, IOF continue to violate Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin, since Tuesday dawn, 12 May 2020, after an Israeli soldier killed when a rock was dropped on his head from a house roof. IOF conducted incursions and large-scale arrests, including whole families; assaulted village residents; closed roads; and heavily opened fire under collective punishment measures.

PCHR documented the arrested of 34 Palestinians, including 2 women and 6 children. According to PCHR’s investigations, at approximately 03:00 on Tuesday, 12 May 2020, IOF moved into Ya’bad village. Meanwhile, the village residents gathered and confronted them with stones and empty bottles. IOF immediately fired toxic tear-gas canisters, sound bombs, and rubber bullets. As a result, many civilians suffocated due to tear-gas inhalation and received treatment at the scene. During that, IOF raided and searched houses, from which they arrested 4 civilians, including 2 siblings, and withdrew later. The detainees were identified as: Marseel Lotfi Abu Baker (22), ‘Ali Mohamed Nazmi Abu Baker (21), and the two siblings Yazan (22) and Anas (23) Kamel Abu Shammalah.

At approximately 08:20, IOF declared the death of a soldier when a rock was dropped on his head during its incursion at dawn, into Ya’bad village. IOF moved into the village for the second time amidst heavy fire of live ammunition and sound bombs. A number of Palestinian civilians gathered and threw stones at Israeli vehicles. Clashes erupted between IOF and civilians, as many civilians suffocated due to tear gas inhalation. An Israeli force stationed near Asfour family house. IOF claimed that the soldier was standing next to Asfour’s house when he was killed. Therefore, IOF raided and searched the house in addition to many houses in the area and assaulted their inhabitants. At approximately 13:00 on the same day, IOF arrested 15 civilians; 13 of them are members of Asfour family, including 2 women and 6 children. IOF also arrested Haitham Farid Abu Baker (18), Nasser Bassam Abu Baker (18), from their houses, and Ahmed Na’el Farasini (22), from the street (PCHR keeps the names of the arrestees).

During the IOF’s incursion, Palestinian civilians were locked in rooms inside their houses, mainly ‘Asfour family, and subjected to assault and interrogation before being taken to an unknown destination. IOF also arrested Hitham Fareed Abu Baker (18) and Naser Bassam Abu Baker (18) from their homes, and arrested Ahmed Nael Faraseny (22) from the street.

At approximately 19:30, IOF moved into Ya’boud village again and raided houses, including ‘Asfour family house. They closed some sub-roads amidst clashes and heavily firing of live ammunition, tear gas canisters and sound bombs. IOF continued to move into Ya’bad village until Wednesday morning, 13 May 2020. They raided and searched several houses, from which they arrested 12 civilians, most of them are siblings.

2. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 07 May 2020:

  • At approximately 01:00, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Kharas village, west of Hebron. They patrolled the street between civilian’s houses, then they raided and searched Tha’er Aziz Halahla’s (41) house and put him with his family in one room before arresting him. It should be noted that Halahla spent almost about 14-months in the Israeli prisons, and at the end of 2018, he was released after spending 20-months under the administrative detention.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Beit Kahel village, northwest of Hebron. They raided and searched Ahmed Ali Hasan Zuhour’s (39) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles moved into Hebron, and stationed in the northern area of the city. They raided and searched Bashar Arafat al-Qawasmah’s (33) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 13:00, IOF stationed at a temporary military checkpoint on the entrance of al-Eizariya village, east of the occupied East Jerusalem, arrested Tha’er Abdul Naser Nakhleh (30), the Secretary of Fatah movement in al-Jalazoun refugee camp, north of Ramallah. IOF took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that Nakleh who was a former prisoner in the Israeli prisons, is a lecturer in political science at al-‘Asriya College, and he currently supervises sterilization, prevention and quarantine of returning workers from Israel, in Jalazoun camp.
  • IOF carried out (5) incursions in Amateen village, north of Qalqilya; Ta’nq and Rummana villages, west of Jenin; Tal and Ma’dama villages, in Nablus governorate. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 08 May 2020:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Ethna village, west of Hebron, and stationed in Wad Risha neighborhood. They raided and searched Nimir Ahmed Abu Juhaisha’s (44) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron, and stationed near the UNRWA schools in the city. IOF deployed between the civilian’s houses, they raided and searched two of them and arrested two children; Salem Fadi Jawabra (14) and Ayham Jamil Jawabra (16).
  • At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Shu’fat refugee camp, northeast of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Hakam Sary Mohammed Ali’s (20) house and arrested him.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Shwaika suburb, north of Tulkarem; Azoun village, east of Qalqilia; Tal and Ma’dama villages in Nablus governorate. No arrests were reported.

Saturday, 09 May 2020:At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Silwan village, south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched Mohammed Mofeed Khadour’s (23) house and arrested him.At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Tawr neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched the former prisoner Daniel Zuhair Abu Nasra’s (19) house and arrested him.At approximately 10:00, IOF stationed at Za’tara temporary military checkpoint, southwest of0020 Nablus governorate, arrested Mohammed Dawoud al-Namrouti’s (26) house, from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. IOF took him to an unknown destination. It should be noted that al-Namrouti is a student at the American Arab University in Jenin.Around the same time, IOF stationed at one of the temporary military checkpoints on al-Ibrahimi Mosque in the city center of Hebron’s Old City, arrested Haneen Ali Farajallah (20), from Ethna village. IOF claimed that she was in possession of a knife, and she was taken to “Kiryat Arba’” settlement’s investigation center east of the city.IOF carried out (3) incursions in Kufur Qaddoum, north of Qalqilia; Farqoua’a village, northeast of Jenin; and Aqbat Jabr refugee camp, south of Jericho. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 10 May 2020:

  • At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Bit Sourik village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Adham Aref Abdul Nabi Qandil’s (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Qutna village, northwest of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched Wael Mahmoud Abdul Rahman al-Faqih’s (23) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF moved into Beit Hanina, north of the occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched the Journalist Anan Eisa Najeeb’s (47) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 14:45, IOF established a temporary military checkpoint on Yetsahar rotary, on the southwestern entry of Nablus. IOF arrested Sameer Jamil Mahmoud Abu Asab (46), from al-Quds street, west of the city, who works with the Palestinian Police. Sameer was driving his own car along with his sister, Fatma Abu Asab (33) and her two daughters; Enas (11 months) and Rafat (6 days), heading to his house to have Iftar with the family. IOF ordered him to turn back because the checkpoint was closed. When he was turning back, he saw a settler’s car behind him, so he asked him to give him a way to reverse, but the Israeli soldier immediately attacked him in his car. IOF took him out of the car and severely beaten him to his head until the blood covered his face, then they threw him on the ground for more than 3 hours. One of the Palestinian civilians who was there took Fatma and her daughters to the family house, while Palestinian military liaison came and took Sameer to Rafidia Governmental Hospital for treatment at approximately 18:30.
  • At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Bab Hatta neighborhood, one of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City’s neighborhoods. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mustafa Eyad Ghazala (17) and Mohammed Khaled Sharifa (21), and arrested them.

Monday, 11 May 2020:

  • At approximately 02:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into the southern area of Hebron. They raided and searched Jamal Mohammed Banat’s (38) house and arrested him.
  • Around the same time, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched Firas Zeyad Abu Sunaina’a (29) house and arrested him.
  • At approximately 03:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved into several neighborhoods in Nablus. They raided and searched several houses and arrested (4) civilians: al-Sheikh Anan Omar Rafiq al-Shami (38), Zaher Arif al-Shishtari (56), a leader at the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and he suffers chronic diseases, Sa’ed Mansour al-Masri (42), and Sultan Mohammed al-Qamari (25).
  • At approximately 08:30, IOF reinforced with several military vehicles, moved 100-meters to the east of Khuza’a, east of Khan Younis, south of the Gaza Strip. They levelled and combed lands before they were redeployed inside the border fence again after hours.
  • At approximately 09:00, the Israeli Intelligence Services summonsed the Palestine TV correspondent in Jerusalem, Christeen Khaled al-Rinawi (31), via a phone call to refer to al-Maskoubeya police station in West Jerusalem. As soon as she arrives, they handed her a decision signed by the Israeli Public Security Minister, Gilad Erden, extending the closure of Palestine TV’s office in East Jerusalem, and ban its activities in Jerusalem and Israel for six more months.It should be noted that al-Rinawi was summonsed 5 times in the last 6 months due to her work as a correspondent at Palestine TV in Jerusalem. Furthermore, on 20 November 2019, the Israeli Authorities closed the office of Palestine TV in al-Sawana neighborhood, east of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City, and arrested the Palestine TV’s staff, then they handed them a decision of banning them from working inside the occupied Jerusalem.
  • At approximately 15:00, IOF arrested Anas Mohammed Abu al-Hums (24), while passing through Street No.1 in the central occupied East Jerusalem. IOF took him to an unknown destination.
  • At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Silwan in the south of the occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. They raided and searched dozens of houses and arrested (13) civilians including 4 children after they severely beaten them, then they took them to “Salah al-Deen Street” police station to investigate with them in charge of “throwing stones and fireworks”. The arrestees are: Mohammed Abdullah Abu Nab (22), Omar Jamil al-Zughul (16), Ahmed Hammoud Shuyat (17), Yazan Hamed Jaber (22), Ameer Jawad Jaber (17), Ali Eyad Jaber, Mohammed Omar Mattar (23), Ameer Omar Mattar, Wissam Sa’eed al-Karaki (26), Muntaser Nidal Abu Nab (18), Ameer Abdul Rahman (16), Dawoud Nidal al-Taweel, and Qusai Wael Abu Nab (19).
  • At approximately 23:30, IOF stationed at Za’tara military checkpoint, southwest of Nablus, arrested Tamer (33) and his brother Nayef Khaled Nayef (31), from Kafr Qalil, southeast of Nablus. IOF took them to an unknown destination.
  • IOF carried out (4) incursions in Azmout and Sabastia in Nablus, Birzeit and Burham, north of Ramallah. No arrests were reported.

3. Collective Punishment PolicyAs part of the collective punishment policy adopted by the Israeli forces against the Palestinians accused of carrying out attacks against Israeli soldiers or/and settlers, on Monday, at dawn, 11 May 2020, Israeli occupation forces (IOF) demolished a house belonging to Palestinian detainee, Qassam Abdul Karim al-Barghouthi in Kobar village, north of Ramallah.

According to investigation conducted by the Palestinian Centre for Human rights (PCHR), IOF reinforced with more than 25 military SUVs, armored personnel carriers, and a bulldozer, moved into Kobar village, north of Ramallah. They stepped out of their military vehicles, deployed in the village streets and between houses, topped houses’ roofs, and closed the entrance leading to the house of Palestinian detainee, Qassam Abdul Karim al-Barghouthi (26) and indiscriminately fired tear-gas canisters in the village neighborhoods. Large number of Israeli forces raided the above-mentioned house to implement the demolition decision received by the family on 11 February 2020. IOF accuses al-Barghouthi, who has been detained since 26 August 2019, of participation in bombing attack that occurred in “Ein Bubin” area, adjacent to Deir Bzai’a village, west of Ramallah on 24 August 2019, which caused the killing of an Israeli female soldiers and wounding her father and brother.

At approximately 03:30 at dawn, IOF started demolishing the 2-story house, which was built on an area of 180 square meters where al-Barghouthi and his parents and brother lived. IOF completely demolished the upper floor and caused cracks in the lower floor. At approximately 05:40 on the same day, IOF withdrew of the village amidst heavily firing tear gas canisters. Clashes erupted between IOF and Palestinian young men; no casualties were reported.

It should be noted that IOF raided the al-Barghouthi’s house on 02 January 2020, in which they searched the house in barbarian way and damaged its contents. Also, the engineering unit took the house measurements and made holes in the internal walls in order to demolish it. IOF also raided the house before on 07 November 2019.

4. Settlement Expansion and Settler Violence in the West Bank

a. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities

  • At approximately 10:00 on Monday, 11 May 2020, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Sahel area, south of Salem village, northeast of Nablus. The Israeli Civil Administration officers hanged 4 demolition notices on an under-construction house and 3 barracks, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C. The notified facilities belong to:1. Nadeem Rabeeh Rohi Ishteih: a 250-square-meter barrack.
    2. ‘Abed al-Men’iem Rohi Hamed Ishteih: a 200-square-meter barrack.
    3. Mubarak Fayiz Ishteih: a 300-square-meter barrack.
    4. Saif al-Deen Ghaleb Mohamed Ishteih: a 170-square-meter under-construction house.
  • Around the same time, IOF backed by military vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into al-Dowar area, south of Hewarah village, southeast of Nablus. The Israeli Civil Administration officers handed Ra’oul Lotfi Mousa a notice to stop levelling a yard located near his shops, under the pretext of illegal construction in Area C.
  • On Monday, 11 May 2020, Israeli authorities ordered the halt of construction of 8 houses, a park, retaining walls, and electric utility poles in Nahaleen village, west of Bethlehem, under the pretext of non-licensing. Deputy of Nahaleen Municipality Mayor, Hani Fanoun, said that IOF notified to stop working in 8 inhabited houses and other under-construction houses in Bakous area, south of the village. He clarified that the inhabited houses belong to: Mahmoud ‘Abdullah Najajrah (3 storey), ‘Esam Mahmoud Shakarnah (1 storey), and Amjad Yousef Ghayada (1 sotrey); while the under-construction houses belong to: Lotfi Fares Najajrah, Hazza’ As’ad Najajrah, ‘Adel Rateb Najajrah, Hisham Na’iem Shakarnah, and Diad Isma’il Shakarnah (1 storey). Also, Saleem Rashad Najajrah and Saber Mahmoud Mostafa’s retaining walls and electric utility poles were notified. It should be noted that, Israeli authorities have lately increased the policy of lands’ confiscation and seizure in Nahaleen village in favor of settlement expansion, as the village is surrounded by several settlements and 90% of its lands are classified as Area C, according to Oslo Accords.
  • At approximately 14:00, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Farsh al-Hawa area in western Hebron. The Israeli Civil Administration officers confiscated Sarhan Naser al-Deen’s excavation tools used for reclaiming his agricultural land, under the pretext of working in Area C.
  • On Tuesday, 12 May 2020, the office of the Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories (COGAT) issued a decision to seize Palestinian land near Ibrahimi Mosque for establishing an elevator and a ramp for the illegal settlers to reach the mosque. This comes upon instructions issued by the Israeli Defense Minister, Naftali Bennett, on 04 May 2020, stressing the need to complete the project within 60 days. The project includes the construction of a parking lot, an elevator, and a ramp for the illegal settlers who storm the mosque. According to Israeli media, COGAT has informed the Hebron’s municipality and the PA about the Civil Administration’s intent to push forward with plans for the project and complete it within 60 days. The project had previously been approved by the Israeli judicial system, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, and Foreign Minister Yisrael Katz. This settlement project threatens to seize historic facilities near al-Ibrahimi Mosque and withdraw the building and planning power from Hebron’s municipality and grant it to the Israeli Civil Administration.
  • On Wednesday, 13 May 2020, IOF backed by military construction vehicles and accompanied with Israeli Civil Administration officers moved into Fasayel village, north of Jericho. IOF were deployed in the village while military construction vehicles demolished 160-square-meter under-construction house foundations. Also, Israeli Civil Administration officers dismantled Suliman Musallam Sawarka’s 160-square-meter barrack used for breeding livestock, under the pretext of non-licensing in Area C.

b. Israeli Settler Violence

  • At approximately 21:00 on Thursday, 07 May 2020, at least 8 Israeli settlers, from “Hlmish” settlement, which is established on the north-western lands of Ramallah, moved into al-Ghibt area in the outskirt of Um Safa village, northwest of the city. Palestinian young men confronted the settlers and threw stones at them before their withdrawal and no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:00 on Thursday, 07 May 2020, an Israeli settler beat a bus driver, Montaser Ahmed ‘Issa (23), with a stick and unleashed his dog at him while ‘Issa’s bus was stopping in a bus station near “Pisgat Zeev” settlement, which is established on Beit Haninah village’s lands, north of occupied East Jerusalem. As a result, he sustained serious wounds throughout his body. ‘Issa said that while he was stopping in a buse station adjacent to“Pisgat Zeev” settlement, Israeli man and woman got into the bus with a dog. ‘Issa asked the man to step the dog out of the bus because he would be held accountable.‘Issa added: ” the man cursed me and beat me with a broomstick used for cleaning the bus. I attempted to flee, but the man unleashed his dog at me, causing serious wounds throughout my body”. ‘Issa clarified that he asked security officers staying in the bus station to help him, but in vain. The man stole ‘Issa’s cell phone and money. Issa’s friend helped him and phoned the ambulance, which took him to the hospital. ‘Issa fainted while he was on his way to the hospital, where he received treatment.
  • On Friday, 08 May 2020, at least 15 Israeli settlers, from “Shillo” settlement, which is established on the north-eastern lands of Ramallah, cut olive trees and broke their twigs in Abu Hanoun area in Kherbit Jab’iet, east of al-Moghir village, northeast of Ramallah. Also, the settlers damaged barbed wires surrounded Rohi Merweh al-Na’san and Sameer Khaled Abu ‘Alia’s agricultural lands, and entered and damaged around 30 olive trees planted 5 years ago.
  • On Saturday, 09 May 2020, an Israeli settler, from ” Ya’qoub Dalia” settlement, stole a crops from an agricultural land in Kherbit Bir al-‘Ad, east of Yatta, south of Hebron.
  • On Wednesday, 13 May 2020, Israeli settlers, from ” Givat Asaf” settlement, which is established on Ramallah’s eastern lands, moved into Biten village, east of the city. The settlers vandalized the village’s walls and houses before their withdrawal.

Read the full PCHR here.

Israel: A utopian image or merely a mirage?

May 13, 2020 – 21:53

TEHRAN – While the founders of Israel had envisioned a utopia for Israeli settlers, now after 72 years, it has brought no freedom or justice to anyone except for some Zionist Jews and been involved in genocide and ethnic cleansing of Palestinians an Israeli-American activist and author tells the Tehran Times.

‘Genocide and ethnic cleansing is the practice of Israel’ 

On promises by the founders of Israel, including Ben Gurion, who had envisioned a utopia for settlers in Israel based on freedom, justice, and peace,  Miko Peled says “Israel is an apartheid regime” which “has been involved in genocide and ethnic cleansing of Palestinians.”

He says Israel is “providing Jewish citizens who are Zionist with all the rights of liberal democracy.” 

He also says it “is true” that some Israelis are returning to their original countries as they are fed with governance.

‘Corrupt Netanyahu main reason behind Israeli political crisis’

Israel has been in a political crisis after three inconclusive elections and it is facing the growing prospect of an unprecedented fourth election.

Peled says it is mainly because “Israeli politics is controlled by the corrupt Prime Minister Netanyahu and his racist, violent allies.”

The deadlock ended now that Netanyahu got an agreement that he accepted and protects him and allows him to continue to serve as prime minister, he says, adding there was even social disobedience “about the fact that the man they voted for, Benny Gantz, who promised to unseat Netanyahu, lied to his voters and is now sitting with Netanyahu.”

‘Israel not a democracy but an apartheid’

On claims by Tel Aviv and its allies in the West that Israel is the only democratic country in the West Asia region, Peled says, “Israel is not and has never been a democracy. It an apartheid regime.”
 
He goes on to note that “the problem with West perspective is that it is a Zionist perspective which recognizing the legitimacy of Zionism and does not recognize the rights of Palestinians.”
 
 Israel sees Trump’s reckless policies toward Iran ‘a great thing’ 

Actually, in over a year that Israel has been holding three elections, each time Donald Trump has taken a step to promote chances of Netanyahu in elections. His administration moved the U.S. embassy to Jerusalem, recognized the occupied Golan Heights as Israeli territory, and recently Mike Pompeo claimed that annexation of lands in the West Bank does not violate international law. However, each time Netanyahu’s party failed to win enough seats in Knesset to form a government.

“Israelis are actually very happy with Trump. His support for the Israeli regime and his reckless policies regarding Iran and the Palestinians is seen as a great thing,” Peled points out.

‘Racism in Israel comes even at expenses of public health’

Despite the coronavirus epidemic, Israel is refusing to release Palestinians who are held in crowded prisons, he said, noting, “Israel never respected Palestinian rights, even now that the spread of the Coronavirus is dangerous to all people.” 
“Racism in Israel is so strong that it comes even at the expense of public health,” the activist regrets.

 ‘2 million people of Gaza are heroes’

Gaza Strip is considered the greatest open prison on the earth.

Peled calls two million residents of Gaza “heroes” who are victims of “Zionist racism and violence”.

He also notes that except Iran, no country in the world cares about the miseries of the Gazans.

“They are victims of Zionist racism and violence and of the fact that the rest of the world, with the exception of Iran, do not care about them.”

RELATED NEWS

The Oslo process was a trap from which the Palestinians never escaped: ex-UN Special Rapporteur for Palestine

Source

By M.A. Saki

TEHRAN- Richard Anderson Falk, professor emeritus of international law at Princeton University and former UN Special Rapporteur for Palestine, says “the Oslo process was a trap from which the Palestinians never escaped”.
“Indeed, the dynamics of this Oslo period from 1993 until the start of the Trump presidency in 2017 was to raise Israeli expectations with respect to its maximal territorial ambitions,” Falk tells the Tehran Times in an exclusive interview.
Here is the full text of the exclusive interview:
Q: As a UN Special Rapporteur for Palestine your reports revealed many facts about the Israeli settlement policies, its apartheid approach, and so on. Your efforts in this regard are commendable. To what extent did these reports have a practical impact on Israeli policies?
A: My period as UN Special Rapporteur to Palestine was between 2008 and 2014. During that time Israel carried out massive attacks on Gaza in 2008-09, 2012, and 2014, while expanding the archipelago of its unlawful settlements on the West Bank and East Jerusalem, and blocking any realistic process of a political compromise in the context of the Oslo Peace Process. I mention these negative developments as background for responding to your question about whether my reports had any ‘practical impact on Israeli policies.’ I would have to acknowledge that I could not identify any positive impact on Israeli practices and policies, especially in relation to its efforts to pursue its expansionist ambitions with regard to the control of Palestinian territory and its non-Jewish inhabitants or its unabashed defiance of international law and UN authority.
A more promising Palestinian strategy, additional to continuing acts and displays of resistance, is to encourage pressures mounted by the global solidarity movement including at the UN. Such campaigns can gain inspiration from the South African worldwide anti-apartheid movement, which overcame seemingly insurmountable odds to achieve an unexpected, mostly bloodless, victory over racism in the form of a nonviolent transition to multi-racial constitutional democracy.It seems that the heightening of criticism of Israel’s behavior by myself and others did encourage Israel’s new approach, which abandoned defending itself against allegations of unlawfulness and criminality, and instead mobilizing energy and devoting resources to defaming critics, and doing its best to discredit, and even criminalize support for the BDS Campaign and other global solidarity initiatives as the Free Gaza Campaign. This Israeli pushback culminated in the widespread adoption of the IHRA definition of anti-Semitism that deliberately conflated hatred of Jews as a people with criticism of Israel as the State of the Jewish people. It is ironic that this regressive move has been most influential in countries such as the U.S., UK, and Germany that pride themselves on being the most respected constitutional democracies the world has known since ancient Athens, and yet when it comes to Israel the right of free expression and nonviolent protest are violated with official approval.
I believe my reports did have some beneficial impact on the discourse within the UN itself (including civil society NGOs), and on the understanding of the diplomatic community, with respect to four distinct aspects of Israeli behavior: 1) Understanding the settler colonial character of Israel’s domination and dispossession of the Palestinian people; 2) The de facto annexationist aspects of the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and East Jerusalem carried out in violation of international humanitarian law; 3) The unsupportable character of prolonged belligerent occupation, the abusive nature of which is not addressed by international humanitarian law, including the Geneva Conventions and Protocols; 4) The apartheid character of Israel’s Jewish State, not only in relation to the occupation of the territory acquired in the 1967 War but in relation to the Palestinian people as a whole, including refugees and involuntary exiles, the minority living in pre-1967 Israel, and those in Gaza after Israel’s ‘disengagement’ of 2005.
I gave particular attention in my reports to the daily injustices associated with prolonged occupation of Palestinian territories, which had not attracted much prior attention, although my successor as SR, Michael Lynk, has carried my arguments further and to their logical conclusion that the occupation must be ended by judicial and political action at the international level. The legally, morally, and politically problematic character of ‘prolonged occupation,’ especially as combined in this with a denial of all civil and political rights to the residents of the occupied Palestinian territories and subversive of underlying Palestinian sovereignty as evidenced by UN recognition of Palestine in 2012 as a non-voting member State in the UN.
I believe that my reports helped in small ways to change the discourse and perceptions of civil society activists as well as of many members of the diplomatic community who privately conveyed to me their agreement with my analysis. The reports also brought up to date the lawlessness of Israel’s behavior with respect to the settlements, the separation wall, and reliance on excessive force, most pronouncedly in Gaza, which figured in the way the media and public opinion understood the competing arguments being put forward by Israel and Palestine, and seemed of some use to governments in formulating their approach to the underlying conflict.
Q: One of your reports on Israel was removed from the UN website under pressure from the United States and Israel. What was the content of the report, and why was there so much sensitivity about it?
A: My report was temporarily removed from the UN website in either 2009 or 2010, but interestingly, not at the initiative of either Israel or the United States, but by the Palestinian Authority, which represents Palestine at the UN. Their sole objection to my text was its acknowledgment of Hamas as the administering authority of Gaza, ineffective control of the governing process, reflecting both through its electoral victory in the 2006 elections in Gaza and as a result of the expulsion of Fatah forces associated with the Palestinian Authority during the following year.
What is worse (during the Oslo process), the Palestinians went along with their own entrapment, somehow thinking that they would be rewarded by their cooperative attitudes.It was the mere mention of Hamas that disturbed and agitated the PA to the point of seeking my resignation as SR, especially after I criticized aspects of the PA administration of the West Bank and their surprising controversial support of Israeli and U.S demands that the UN disregard the recommendations of the Goldstone Report that had been critical of Israel’s violation of the Laws of War during Operation Cast Lead, its devastating military attack on Gaza that started at the end of 2008 and lasted for several weeks in January 2009. After failing to oust me from my position, the PA shifted its tone and posture, and for the remaining years of my mandate was cooperative, and did not subsequently object to my reports even when the role of Hamas was discussed.
Q: You have repeatedly criticized Israel’s policies and considered the peace process as a hoax. Why do you think this process is a hoax?
A: Maybe the word ‘hoax’ overstates my view, which was that the peace process as structured and implemented greatly favored Israel, discriminated against Palestine to such an extent that it was naïve to expect a sustainable and just peace to emerge from such one-sided diplomacy. This basic imbalance was evident in a number of respects. Above all, the framework for negotiations was seriously flawed by giving the United States, an overt and unconditional supporter of Israel, the inappropriate role of intermediary or ‘honest broker.’ This flaw exhibited itself by diplomats and staff representing the United States in the course of the Oslo process often being closely identified with the Zionist Movement, including being drawn from former employees of the pro-Israeli extremist lobbying group AIPAC. Such partisanship also explained the U.S. pressure on the Palestinian negotiating team not to object to settlement expansion or press other legal grievances as such objections would disrupt the peace process, insisting that such issues be left unresolved until ‘final status’ negotiations occurred at the last stage of the process, which was never reached. This pressure to mute international law objections to Israeli expansionism was perversely coupled with Washington’s acceptance of ‘facts on the ground’ as taking precedence over legal objections to the settlements, in effect, punishing Palestinians for following the advice to defer objections. This play of arguments reveals the entrapment of the Palestinians by the Oslo process—instead of insisting to Israel to freeze settlement activity to safeguard the diplomatic prospects, it exerted pressure on the Palestinians to suppress their objections to Israeli unlawful behavior, which by its nature, threatened reaching a two-state compromise. What is worse, the Palestinians went along with their own entrapment, somehow thinking that they would be rewarded by their cooperative attitudes.
The framework for negotiations was seriously flawed by giving the United States, an overt and unconditional supporter of Israel, the inappropriate role of intermediary or ‘honest broker.’The Oslo process was a trap from which the Palestinians never escaped, and ended up worsening Palestinian prospects as well as inflicting additional torments, including the frequency and viciousness of settler violence directed at Palestinian residents of the West Bank. Indeed, the dynamics of this Oslo period from 1993 until the start of the Trump presidency in 2017 was to raise Israeli expectations with respect to its maximal territorial ambitions, and to depress Palestinian hopes of reaching a political compromise in the form of the co-existence of separate sovereign states enjoying equal standing in international society. It became evident, as well, that Israeli internal politics drifted steadily to the right, partly reflecting the increasingly leverage of the settler movement. These developments made it increasingly clear that a two-state political compromise was no longer seen by the Israeli leadership as an expedient goal. In effect, it was no longer necessary to hide the Israeli belief that the West Bank, known in Israel by its biblical names of Judea and Samaria, was an integral element of the entitlement of the Jewish people to the land of Palestine as interpreted by mainstream Zionism as ‘the promised land.’ Some Zionists, attached to the ‘democratic’ claim attached to Israel’s political identity, worried that annexing the West Bank would explode a demographic bomb that would make it impossible to hide the apartheid nature of the Israeli state.
Q: U.S. President Donald Trump has now proposed a so-called Deal of the Century, and Israel is seeking to annex the West Bank. How do you evaluate this process?
A: As the occupation continued, and Israel’s annexationist moves met with only token international resistance, there was a noticeable shift in the outlook of Netanyahu, the dominant Israeli political figure of the period, from an international posture favoring political compromise to an outcome reached unilaterally in the form of an imposed Israeli one-state solution. When Trump arrived in the White House in early 2017 this shift for the first time enjoyed the explicit geopolitical support of the U.S. government, and need no longer be hidden from view. In this atmosphere Israel moved to affirm its claims to most of the promised land, and relinquished any attachment to ‘peace’ through negotiations, even negotiations biased in their favor.
The Trump Plan, whether known as ‘the deal of the century’ by its official name of ‘From Peace to Prosperity’ gives its seal of approval to the Israel vision of a one-state solution, slightly disguised by designating areas set aside for Palestinian administration as ‘a State,’ what was correctly associated with the Bantustans established by the apartheid regime in South Africa to hide the ugliest features of racist domination and exploitation.
The Trump Plan, whether known as ‘the deal of the century’ by its official name of ‘From Peace to Prosperity’ gives its seal of approval to the Israel vision of a one-state solution, slightly disguised by designating areas set aside for Palestinian administration as ‘a State,’ what was correctly associated with the Bantustans established by the apartheid regime in South Africa to hide the ugliest features of racist domination and exploitation. As is now known to the world, even the PA was unable to treat the Trump Plan as a serious negotiating proposal, correctly dismissing it as a blueprint for the Israeli one-state victory scenario. Israeli plans to annex a large portion of the West Bank by de jure enactment, on the basis of a green light from Washington, seems likely to be implemented in coming months, although opposed by some prominent security officials in Israel and even by maximalist Zionists on the grounds either of imperiling the Jewish demographic majority or provoking a surge of renewed Arab and international support for Palestinian grievances, and perhaps a trigger for a third intifada.
It should be internationally understood that the Trump Plan lacks any respectable international backing, and as such is in no way deserving of respect at the UN or elsewhere. It is an extremely partisan and arrogant set of proposals that are inconsistent with international law, the UN consensus, and elementary morality. Rather than being seriously considered, it should be summarily dismissed as an irrelevant geopolitical attempt to deny the Palestinian people of their inalienable right of self-determination.
Q: May 15 marked the 72nd anniversary of the establishment of Israel, and all through these years Israel has been supported by countries such as the United States and Britain. It is also noticeable that countries are consenting to Israel’s occupation. Please explain?
A: The core rationale of support for Israel over the years has changed. Back when Israel was established in 1948 the public mood was shaped by the experience of World War II, including an acute sense of guilt on the part of liberal democracies in the West as having done so little to oppose Nazi racism toward Jews. From the start of the Zionist Project in the late 19th century anti-Semitic governments in Europe oddly shared the goal of Zionists of inducing Jews to leave their countries, and were eager to encourage emigration to Palestine. These attitudes underlay the 1917 colonialist initiative of the UK, known to the world as the Balfour Declaration, by which Britain pledged to look with favor on the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine although the Jewish minority was less than 8% and the Arab majority was never consulted. The more politically active personalities in Palestine opposed the idea of a Jewish homeland in their midst from the beginning. In that sense, Western support rested on these rather weak moral foundations that were not even consistent with regional strategic interests such as access to (Persian) Gulf oil reserves, trade routes, and leverage in the post-Ottoman Arab world. Zionism in Palestine turned against its British backer when Arab unrest in the 1930s led to some limits being imposed on Jewish immigration to Palestine, and the more militant Zionist militias started an ‘anti-colonial’ war in Palestine despite themselves being colonists. Of course, this was not so unusual in the British experience, having their earlier memories of the American Revolutionary War waged by their own colonists to gain political independence.
This hostile propaganda (against Palestinians), popularized by Hollywood movies demonizing Arabs and glorifying Israelis, bestowed on Israel the political space to impose an apartheid structure of control over the Palestinian people as a whole, and to avoid any international accountability relating to its defiance of international law beyond token expressions of disapproval from European capitals and Washington whenever Israel’s provocations could not be entirely ignored.
In Palestine, as elsewhere, British divide and rule tactics during its administration of Palestine between the two world wars suggested to the UN that partition, again without consulting the smaller, yet still Arab majority, was the solution, which in turn sparked a series of regional wars, culminating in the 1967 War. In that war Israel demonstrated its military prowess, and was no longer regarded by American policymakers as a troublesome burden of conscience for the United States, but was seen as a reliable strategic ally in a turbulent region, and Israel has remained reliable over the course of the last fifty years. All in all, Israel made this unusual transition from being a burden of conscience to becoming a geopolitical junior, often not so junior, partner of the United States. In the process of a string of military defeats of the Arab countries by Israel, especially the 1973 War, there was a gradual weakening of regional support for the liberation of Palestine, and more of an Arab elite disposition to normalize the presence of Israel, and more recently join in an implicit coalition confronting Iran with the lead role being assumed by the U.S., a result of Trump’s tightening regional alignments with Israel and Saudi Arabia during the last four years. The Jewish diaspora also provided a major source of Zionist pro-Israeli leverage around the world, first, in the post-Holocaust context, and after 1967, in the course of celebrating Israel’s military successes and modernizing record of achievement.
Throughout the process, the native Palestinian population was Orientalized, denigrated as ‘backward’ and inclined toward ‘terrorism.’ This hostile propaganda, popularized by Hollywood movies demonizing Arabs and glorifying Israelis, bestowed on Israel the political space to impose an apartheid structure of control over the Palestinian people as a whole, and to avoid any international accountability relating to its defiance of international law beyond token expressions of disapproval from European capitals and Washington whenever Israel’s provocations could not be entirely ignored. Although Israel has benefitted over the decades from American aid and support and European less blatant support, Israeli leadership has always had a Plan B. Israel, sought by every means to be self-reliant with respect to its security, highlighted by its covert acquisition and development of a nuclear weapons arsenal. In this sense, unless there are important shifts in the outlook of Arab governments (although not among the captive populations), even the withdrawal of U.S. support, which seems highly unlikely, would not make Israel much more vulnerable to external pressures.
Q: Based on the realities on the ground, it seems that the only way for the Palestinian people to get their rights is to resist the Israeli occupation. What is your opinion?
A: In view of the considerations discussed above, the most opportune Palestinian strategy would be to give up hopes under present conditions for reaching a satisfactory solution through diplomacy or at the UN. A more promising Palestinian strategy, additional to continuing acts and displays of resistance, is to encourage pressures mounted by the global solidarity movement including at the UN. Such campaigns can gain inspiration from the South African worldwide anti-apartheid movement, which overcame seemingly insurmountable odds to achieve an unexpected, mostly bloodless, victory over racism in the form of a nonviolent transition to multi-racial constitutional democracy.
The UN should not be forgotten. It remains a crucial site of struggle in waging what I have in the past referred to as ‘the legitimacy war’ fought to gain control of world public opinion, as well the high ground of public morality and international law. It should be appreciated that since 1945 the side that prevailed in the legitimacy war, rather than the side that controlled the battlefield, usually achieved political victory in the end. Gandhi appreciated the role of international public opinion in changing the balance of forces in India against the British Empire as did Ho Chi Minh in Vietnam in leading the defeat of overwhelmingly superior American military capabilities. Each conflict has unique characteristics, but the Palestinian struggle, despite present difficulties, can draw hope from the historical record of liberation and self-determination struggles of the past 75 years, and it is winning the legitimacy war, despite the Zionist defamatory pushback.

Jordanian PM threatens to reconsider relations with Israel over West Bank annexation

BEIRUT, LEBANON (1:30 P.M.) – Jordanian Prime Minister Omar Al-Razzaz said that the Hashemite Kingdom will not accept unilateral Israeli measures to annex Palestinian lands in the occupied West Bank, “and we will be forced to reconsider the relationship with Israel.”

Al-Razzaz stressed that “His Majesty was clear, decisive and in harmony with the Jordanian constants, which he reiterates repeatedly in any international forum that talks about global peace and security.”

“The king always reminds the international community, that without a just solution to the Palestinian issue preserving the rights of the Palestinian people, we should not talk about peace without this file,” he continued.

“Jordan, with the king’s words, is clear: We will not accept this, and our opportunity will be to reconsider the relationship with Israel in all its dimensions, but without rushing and anticipating things,” Al-Razzaz said, pointing out that the Hashemite Kingdom is hoping that Israel will reconsider these measures.

Al-Razzaz expressed his hope that “a unified Arab position will be formed and that the international community will fulfill its duty to protect peace not only in this region but also at the world level.”

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خطاب الرئيس وأسئلة المواطن

هكذا يقوم العميل الصهيوني الخائن أبو مازن بتسليم المقاومين للسلطات ...

سعاده مصطفى أرشيد

أخيراً وبعد طول انتظار اجتمعت القيادة الفلسطينية في رام الله (مع غياب حركتي حماس والجهاد الإسلامي والقيادة العامة والصاعقة) مساء الثلاثاء، وأعلنت على لسان الرئيس الفلسطيني محمود عباس عن سبعة قرارات وملاحظة ختامية لافتة للانتباه، هذه النقاط السبع يمكن إجمالها في ثلاثة محاور.

المحور الأول: أنّ منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية والسلطة الفلسطينية في حلّ من الاتفاقيات والتفاهمات والالتزامات المعقودة مع الإدارة الأميركية و»إسرائيل»، وأنّ على «إسرائيل» منذ اللحظة اعتبار نفسها قوة احتلال مسؤولة عن الضفة الغربية بموجب اتفاقية جنيف الرابعة عام 1949 وأكد على اعتبار الإدارة الأميركية شريكة لـ «إسرائيل» في عدوانها على الشعب الفلسطيني.

المحور الثاني: إنّ منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية والسلطة الفلسطينية ملتزمتان بقرارات الشرعية الدولية وبحلّ الدولتين ومكافحة الإرهاب (أي كان مصدره أو شكله).

المحور الثالث: هو الاستنجاد بالموقف الدولي من خلال الطلب من الدول التي تعارض إجراءات الضمّ باتخاذ إجراءات عقابية رادعة ضدّ «إسرائيل» في حال نفذت تهديداتها والطلب من الدول التي لم تعترف بفلسطين لأنّ تسارع بإعلان اعترافها، وقد ذكر الرئيس عباس الدول الأوروبية بالاسم، في حين تمّ تغييب البعد العربي، كما أعلن الرئيس أنه وقع وسيوقع طلبات انضمام لاتفاقيات ومنظمات دولية.

أما الملاحظة الأخيرة في الخطاب فهي الحديث عن وحدانية ومشروعية تمثيل الشعب الفلسطيني، وكأنّ لدى الرئيس المعلومات أو الشعور بأنّ هناك مَن يحاول سلب منظمة التحرير مشروعيتها ووحدانيتها في تمثيل الكلّ الفلسطيني.

يبدو أنّ الرئيس عباس والقيادة من حوله في رام الله، لديهم التصوّر انّ هذه القرارات بالتنسيق مع جهات عربية من شأنها الضغط على الإدارة الأميركية لتأجيل تنفيذ قرار الضمّ، بما يسمح بشراء الوقت، إلى أن ينقضي موعد الثالث من تشرين الثاني المقبل – الاستحقاق الانتخابي الرئاسي الأميركي، حيث أنّ التفكير الرغائبي يميل للاعتقاد بأنّ حظوظ المرشح الديمقراطي جو بايدن هي الأقوى في الفوز بالانتخابات، وبجرعة رغائبية إضافية فإنّ الرئيس الأميركي الجديد حكماً هو جو بايدن الذي لن يوافق على ضمّ المناطق، تذهب التصورات والتحليلات إلى ما هو أبعد من ذلك لترى أنّ الرئيس ترامب في موقف ضعيف، وأنّ قوى عديدة نافذة وقوية داخل الولايات المتحدة تعمل ضدّه، منها وزارة الدفاع والجيش، ومنها المخابرات المركزية وكذلك الكونغرس الذي خصّه الرئيس عباس بالذكر في خطابه. شراء الوقت سيستمرّ إلى السابع عشر من تشرين الثاني عام 2021، موعد تسلم بني غانتس رئاسة الحكومة الإسرائيلية من رئيسها الحالي بن يامين نتنياهو (هذا بالطبع إنْ عاشت الحكومة حتى ذلك التاريخ). حيث من الممكن العودة للتفاوض مع غانتس بصفته أقلّ غلواً وتطرفاً من نتنياهو، وانه – حسب التصوّر الفلسطيني – رافض لفكرة الضمّ وإنما أُكره عليها عند تشكيل الحكومة. من الجدير التذكير بأنّ الجنرال بني غانتس رئيس أركان سابق وخريج المؤسسة العسكرية هو وشريكه في حزب أزرق – أبيض جنرال آخر ورئيس أركان أسبق غابي أشكنازي، كلاهما مؤمن بالعقيدة العسكرية والأمنية للجيش الإسرائيلي تجاه الأغوار والتلال المشرفة عليها من الناحية الغربية، فهي مصيدة الدبابات التي لا يمكن التخلي عنها تحت أيّ ظرف من الظروف باعتبارها ضرورة ماسّة من ضرورات الأمن القومي، والموقف ذاته ينطبق على مستوطنات وسط الضفة.

صرّح الجنرال غابي اشكنازي في حفل تسلّمه منصبه الجديد وزيراً للخارجية الاثنين الماضي، أنّ رؤية الرئيس ترامب (صفقة القرن) تمثل فرصة تاريخية لترسيم حدود «دولة إسرائيل» وضمان مستقبلها لعقود مقبلة، وانه سيدفع باتجاه ضمّ الأغوار وشمال البحر الميت والتلال المشرفة على الأغوار وأراضي المستوطنات، وذلك بالتنسيق مع الإدارة الأميركية، والحوار مع الجيران والأصدقاء الذين تجمعهم بـ «إسرائيل» اتفاقيات السلام والصداقة (والصداقة تشمل دولاً غير مصر والأردن).

الحكومة الإسرائيلية لم تبدِ اكتراثاً بالخطاب، ولم يصدر عنها ما يشير إلى الخوف أو القلق من تداعيات ما ورد فيه، أو حتى من مدى جديته، ولم تبد أنها بصدد مراجعة موقفها وقراراتها باتجاه الضمّ، بقدر ما تبدي إصراراً وتأكيداً عليه ولكن يمكن ملاحظة بعض ما ورد في الصحافة الإسرائيلية خاصة المقرّبة من رئاسة الحكومة وعلى ذمة مراسليها من أخبار لم يتمّ نفيها، تنقل صحيفة «هايوم إسرائيل» عن مسؤولين كبار في السلطة الفلسطينية، أنّ الخطوة الفلسطينية ليست إلا خطوة كلامية (بيانية) فقط. وهي في الوقت ذات رسالة إلى نائب رئيس الحكومة الجنرال بني غانتس تقول ما سلف ذكره في المقال، إنّ السلطة الفلسطينية جاهزة للتفاوض معه عند تسلمه رئاسة الحكومة من بن يامين نتنياهو بعد سنة ونصف السنة (بالطبع إنْ طال عمر الحكومة حتى ذلك الوقت)، وعادت «هايوم إسرائيل» للقول إنّ مسؤولين فلسطينيين كباراً، ولكن في هذه المرة من الجانب الأمني، أبلغوها أنّ التعليمات صدرت لهم من مكتب الرئيس الفلسطيني، تنصّ على تقليص التنسيق الأمني مع الطرف الإسرائيلي إلى حدّه الأدنى، وهي التعليمات ذاتها المعمول بها من أيام الرئيس الراحل ياسر عرفات عام 2000 عند اندلاع الانتفاضة الثانية.

يملك «الإسرائيلي» والأميركي مصادر القوة التي تمنحهم القدرة على تنفيذ رؤاهم وخططهم، ووضع مروحة واسعة من الخيارات والبدائل، في حين لا يملك الفلسطيني هذا الترف وأحياناً بإرادته عندما يضع العراقيل أمام محاولات إنهاء الانقسام أو الوحدة الوطنية القائمة على برنامج حدّ أدنى من التوافق، وأحياناً أخرى رغم إرادته بسبب تداعي الوضع العربي وما يجري من حروب عبثية واقتتال، وكما بسبب الأزمات المتلاحقة في الضفة الغربية وغزة السابقة لوباء الكورونا واللاحقة له.

يتساءل الفلسطيني حول جدية هذه القرارات ومفاعيلها وهو الذي لم يستشعر أنّ السلطة الفلسطينية قد استحوطت لهذا الوضع إلا باستدانة مبلغ ثمانماية مليون شيكل من العدو، وقد أصبحت الآن ترفض السداد بموجب البند الثاني الوارد في خطاب الرئيس الذي ينص أنّ على «إسرائيل» تحمّل مسؤولياتها كقوة احتلال، وهل تبلغ السذاجة بالحكومة الإسرائيلية لأن تقرض من يعلن رفضه للسداد؟

كما يتساءل الفلسطيني مَن هي الجهة التي أراد الرئيس عباس إيصال الرسالة لها في ختام خطابه والتي تريد أو تحاول سرقة وحدانية ومشروعية تمثيل منظمة التحرير للشعب الفلسطيني؟

ليس من الحصافة وسداد الرأي الحكم المبكر على الخطاب أو الجزم بمسائل سياسية متحركة، ولكنها أسئلة برسم الإجابة، وإنّ غداً لناظره قريب.

*سياسي فلسطيني مقيم في الضفة الغربية

On Israel’s Plans to Annex parts of the West Bank

 BY GILAD ATZMON

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas says the Palestinian Authority’s agreements with Israel and the United States will be “completely cancelled” if Israel annexes the occupied West Bank.

Video Here

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