Afghanistan, the Forgotten Proxy War. The Role of Osama bin Laden and Zbigniew Brzezinski

Part II

Global Research, May 08, 2019

Read Part I from the link below.

Afghanistan, the Forgotten Proxy War

By Janelle Velina, April 30, 2019

Below is the second half and conclusion of “Afghanistan, the Forgotten Proxy War”. While the previous sections examined the economic roots of imperialism, as well as the historical context of the Cold War within which to situate the Mujahideen, the following explores the anatomy of proxy warfare and media disinformation campaigns which were at the heart of destabilizing Afghanistan. These were also a large part of why there was little to no opposition to the Mujahideen from the Western ‘left’, whose continued dysfunctionality cannot be talked about without discussing Zbigniew Brzezinski. We also take a look at what led to the Soviet Union’s demise and how that significantly affected the former Democratic Republic of Afghanistan and many other parts of the world. The United States has been at war in Afghanistan for four decades now, and it will reach its 40th year on July 3, 2019. 

The original “moderate rebel”

One of the key players in the anti-Soviet, U.S.-led regime change project against Afghanistan was Osama bin Laden, a Saudi-born millionaire who came from a wealthy, powerful family that owns a Saudi construction company and has had close ties to the Saudi royal family. Before becoming known as America’s “boogeyman”, Osama bin Laden was put in charge of fundraising for the Mujahideen insurgents, creating numerous charities and foundations in the process and working in coordination with Saudi intelligence (who acted as liaisons between the fighters and the CIA). Journalist Robert Fisk even gave bin Laden a glowing review, calling him a “peace warrior” and a philanthropist in a 1993 report for the Independent. Bin Laden also provided recruitment for the Mujahideen and is believed to have also received security training from the CIA. And in 1989, the same year that Soviet troops withdrew, he founded the terrorist organization Al Qaeda with a number of fighters he had recruited to the Mujahideen. Although the PDPA had already been overthrown, and the Soviet Union was dissolved, he still maintained his relationship with the CIA and NATO, working with them from the mid-to-late 1990s to provide support for the secessionist Bosnian paramilitaries and the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) in the destruction and dismantling of Yugoslavia.

The United States would eventually turn Bin Laden into a scapegoat after the 2001 terrorist attacks, while still maintaining ties to his family and providing arms, training, and funding to Al Qaeda and its affiliates (rebranded as “moderate rebels” by the Western media) in its more recent regime change project against Syria, which started in 2011. The Mujahideen not only gave birth to Al Qaeda, but it would set a precedent for the United States’ regime-change operations in later years against the anti-imperialist governments of Libya and Syria.

Reagan entertains Mujahideen fighters in the White House.

With the end to the cycle of World Wars (for the time being, at least), it has become increasingly common for the United States to use local paramilitaries, terrorist groups, and/or the armed forces of comprador regimes to fight against nations targeted by U.S. capital interests. Why the use of proxy forces? They are, as Whitney Webb describes, “a politically safe tool for projecting the U.S.’ geopolitical will abroad.”
Using proxy warfare as a kind of power projection tool is, first and foremost, cost-effective, since paid local mercenaries or terrorist groups such as Al Qaeda will bear the burden of combat and casualties rather than American troops in places like Libya and Syria. For example, it costs much less to pay local paramilitaries, gangs, crime syndicates, terrorist groups, and other reactionary forces to perform the same military operations as U.S. troops. Additionally, with the advent of nuclear weapons it became much more perilous for global superpowers to come into direct combat with one another — if the Soviet Union and the United States had done so, there existed the threat of “mutually assured destruction”, the strong possibility of instantaneous and catastrophic damage to the populations and the economic and living standards of both sides, something neither side was willing to risk, even if it was U.S. imperialism’s ultimate goal to destroy the Soviet Union.
And so, the U.S. was willing to use any other means necessary to weaken the Soviet Union and safeguard its profits, which included eliminating the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan even if it had neither the intent nor the means of launching a military offensive on American soil. Meanwhile, the Soviet Union had the means of producing a considerably large supply of modern weapons, including nuclear deterrents, to counter the credible threat posed by the United States. To strike the Soviet Union with nuclear missiles would have been a great challenge for the United States, since it would have resulted in overwhelming retaliation by the Soviet Union. To maneuver this problem, to assure the destruction of the Soviet Union while protecting the U.S. from similar destruction, the CIA relied on more unconventional methods not previously thought of as being part of traditional warfare, such as funding proxy forces while wielding economic and cultural influence over the American domestic sphere and the international scene.

Furthermore, proxy warfare enables control of public opinion, thus allowing the U.S. government to escape public scrutiny and questions about legal authorization for war. With opposition from the general public essentially under control, consent for U.S.-led wars does not need to be obtained, especially when the U.S. military is running them from “behind the scenes” and its involvement looks less obvious. Indeed, the protests against the war on Vietnam in the United States and other Western countries saw mass turnouts.

And while the U.S.-led aggression in Vietnam did involve proxy warfare to a lesser degree, it was still mostly fought with American “boots-on-the-ground”, much like the 2001 renewed U.S.-led aggression against Afghanistan and the 2003 invasion of Iraq. In contrast, the U.S. assault on Afghanistan that began in 1979 saw little to no protest. The Mujahideen even garnered support from large portions of the Western left who joined the chorus of voices in the Western mainstream media in demonizing the PDPA — a relentless imperialist propaganda campaign that would be repeated in later years during the U.S. wars on Libya and Syria, with the difference being that social media had not yet gained prominence at the time of the initial assault on Afghanistan. This leads to the next question: why recruit some of the most reactionary social forces abroad, many of whom represent complete backwardness?

In Afghanistan, such forces proved useful in the mission to topple the modernizing government of the PDPA, especially when their anti-modernity aspirations intersected with U.S. foreign policy; these ultra-conservative forces continue to be deployed by the United States today. In fact, the long war on Afghanistan shares many striking similarities with the long war on Syria, with the common theme of U.S. imperialism collaborating with violent Sunni extremists to topple the secular, nationalist and anti-imperialist governments of these two former ‘Soviet bloc’ countries. And much like the PDPA, the current and long-time government of the Ba’ath Arab Socialist Party in Syria has made many strides towards achieving national liberation and economic development, which have included: taking land from aristocratic families (a majority of whom were Sunni Muslims while Shia Muslims, but especially Alawites, traditionally belonged to the lower classes and were treated as second class citizens in pre-Ba’athist Syria) and redistributing and nationalizing it, making use of Syria’s oil and gas reserves to modernize the country and benefit its population, and upholding women’s rights as an important part of the Ba’athist pillars.

Some of these aristocratic landlords, just like their Afghan counterparts, would react violently and join the Muslim Brotherhood who, with CIA-backing, carried out acts of terrorism and other atrocities in Hama as they made a failed attempt to topple the government of Hafez al Assad in 1982.

The connection between the two is further solidified by the fact that it was the Mujahideen from which Al Qaeda emerged; both are inspired by Wahhabist ideology, and one of their chief financiers is the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (as well as Israel, a regional imperial power and a key ally of the United States). In either case, these Wahhabi-inspired forces were vehemently opposed to modernization and development, and would much rather keep large sections of the population impoverished, as they sought to replace the PDPA and the Ba’athists with Sunni fundamentalist, anti-Shia, theological autocracies — Saudi-style regimes, in other words.

These reactionary forces are useful tools in the CIA’s anti-communist projects and destabilization campaigns against independent nationalist governments, considering that the groups’ anti-modernity stance is a motivating factor in their efforts to sabotage economic development, which is conducive to ensuring a favourable climate for U.S. capital interests. It also helps that these groups already saw the nationalist governments of the PDPA and the Syrian Ba’ath party as their ‘archenemy’, and would thus fight them to the death and resort to acts of terrorism against the respective civilian populations.

Zbigniew Brzezinski stated in a 1998 interview with Le Nouvel Observateur in response to the following question:

Q: And neither do you regret having supported the Islamic fundamentalism, having given arms and advice to future terrorists?

[Brzezinski]: What is most important to the history of the world? The Taliban or the collapse of the Soviet empire? Some stirred-up Moslems or the liberation of Central Europe and the end of the cold war?

Once again, he makes it clear that the religious extremism of the Mujahideen fighters was not an issue for Washington because the real political value lay in eliminating the PDPA and putting an end to Soviet influence in the Greater Middle East, which would give the U.S. the opportunity to easily access and steal the country’s wealth. And in order to justify the U.S. imperialist intervention in Afghanistan, as well as to obscure the true nature of the Mujahideen fighters, the intervention needed to be accompanied by a rigorous mass media campaign. The Reagan administration — knowing full well that American mainstream media has international influence — continued the war that the Carter administration started and saw it as an opportunity to “step up” its domestic propaganda war, considering that the American general public was still largely critical of the Vietnam War at the time.

As part of the aggressive imperialist propaganda campaign, anyone who dared to publicly criticize the Mujahideen was subjected to character assassination and was pejoratively labelled a “Stalinist” or a “Soviet apologist”, which are akin to labels such as “Russian agent” or “Assadist” being used as insults today against those who speak out against the U.S.-backed terrorism in Syria. There were also careful rebranding strategies made specifically for Osama bin Laden and the Mujahideen mercenaries, who were hailed as “revolutionary freedom fighters” and given a romantic, exoticized “holy warrior” makeover in Western media; hence the title of this section. The Mujahideen mercenaries were even given a dedication title card at the end of the Hollywood movie Rambo III which read, “This film is dedicated to the brave Mujahideen fighters of Afghanistan”; the film itself added to the constructed romantic image as it portrayed the Mujahideen fighters as heroes, while the Soviet Union and the PDPA were portrayed as the cartoonish villains. The Rambo film franchise is well known for its depiction of the Vietnamese as “savages” and as the aggressors in the U.S. war on Vietnam, which is a blatant reversal of the truth.

The Hollywood blockbuster franchise would be used to make the Mujahideen more palatable to Western audiences, as this unabashed, blatantly anti-Soviet propaganda for U.S. imperialism attracted millions of viewers with one of the largest movie marketing campaigns of the time. Although formulaic, the films are easily consumable because they appeal to emotion and, as Michael Parenti states in Dirty Truths, “The entertainment industry does not merely give the people what they want: it is busy shaping those wants,” (p. 111). Rambo III may not have been critically acclaimed, but it was still the second most commercially successful film in the Rambo series, grossing a total of $189,015,611 at the box office. Producing war propaganda films is nothing new and has been a long staple of the Hollywood industry, which serves capitalist and imperialist interests. But, since the blockbuster movie is one of the most widely available and distributed forms of media, repackaging the Mujahideen into a popular film franchise was easily one of the best ways (albeit cynical) to justify the war, maintaining the American constructed narrative and reinforcing the demonization campaign against Soviet Russia and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. Now, outside of the cinema, CBS News went as far as to air fake battle footage meant to help perpetuate the myth that the Mujahideen mercenaries were “freedom fighters”; American journalists Paul Fitzgerald and Elizabeth Gould, although decidedly biased against the Soviet Union and its allies, documented this ruse in which the news channel participated. In terms of proxy warfare, these were just some of the ways used to distract from the fact that it was a U.S.-led war.

The dedication title card as it originally appeared at the end of the film Rambo III.

In Afghanistan, proxy forces provided a convenient cover because they drew attention away from the fact that U.S. imperialism was the root cause of the conflict. The insurgents also helped to demonize the targets of U.S. foreign policy, the PDPA and the Soviet Union, all the while doing the majority of the physical combat in place of the American military. In general, drawing attention away from the fact that it has been the United States “pulling the strings” all along, using proxy forces helps Washington to maintain plausible deniability in regard to its relationship with such groups. If any one of these insurgents becomes a liability, as what had happened with the Taliban, they can just as easily be disposed of and replaced by more competent patsies, while U.S. foreign policy goes unquestioned. Criminal gangs and paramilitary forces are thus ideal and convenient tools for U.S. foreign policy. With the rule of warlords and the instability (namely damage to infrastructure, de-industrialization, and societal collapse) that followed after the toppling of the PDPA, Afghanistan’s standard of living dropped rapidly, leading to forced mass migrations and making the country all the more vulnerable to a more direct U.S. military intervention — which eventually did happen in 2001.

Zbigniew Brzezinski: godfather of colour revolutions and proxy wars, architect of the Mujahideen

The late Brzezinski was a key figure in U.S. foreign policy and a highly influential figure in the Council on Foreign Relations. Although the Polish-American diplomat and political scientist was no longer the National Security Advisor under Ronald Reagan’s presidency, he still continued to play a prominent role in enforcing U.S. foreign policy goals in upholding Washington’s global monopoly. The liberal Cold War ideologue’s signature strategy consisted of using the CIA to destabilize and force regime-change onto countries whose governments actively resisted against Washington. Such is the legacy of Brzezinski, whose strategy of funding the most reactionary anti-government forces to foment chaos and instability while promoting them as “freedom fighters” is now a longstanding staple of U.S. imperialism.

How were the aggressive propaganda campaigns which promoted the Mujahideen mercenaries as “freedom fighters” able to garner support for the aggression against the former Democratic Republic of Afghanistan from so many on the Western left who had previously opposed the war on Vietnam? It was the through the CIA’s use of ‘soft-power’ schemes, because leftist opinion also needed to be controlled and manipulated in the process of carrying out U.S. foreign and public policy. Brzezinski mastered the art of targeting intelligentsia and impressionable young people in order to make them supportive of U.S. foreign policy, misleading a significant number of people into supporting U.S.-led wars.

The CIA invested money into programs that used university campus, anti-Soviet “radical leftist activists” and academics (as well as artists and writers) to help spread imperialist propaganda dressed up in vaguely “leftist”-sounding language and given a more “hip”, “humanitarian”, “social justice”, “free thinker” appeal. Western, but especially American, academia has since continued to teach the post-modernist “oppression theory” or “privilege theory” to students, which is anti-Marxist and anti-scientific at its core. More importantly, this post-modernist infiltration was meant to distract from class struggle, to help divert any form of solidarity away from anti-imperialist struggles, and to foster virulent animosity towards the Soviet Union among students and anyone with ‘leftist’ leanings. Hence the phenomenon of identity politics that continues to plague the Western left today, whose strength was effectively neutered by the 1970s. Not only that, but as Gowans mentions in his book, Patriots, Traitors and Empires: The Story of Korea’s Struggle for Freedom:

“U.S. universities recruit talented individuals from abroad, instill in them the U.S. imperialist ideology and values, and equip them with academic credentials which conduce to their landing important political positions at home. In this way, U.S. imperial goals indirectly structure the political decision-making of other countries.” (pp. 52-53)

And so we have agencies and think-tanks such as the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) which has scholarly appeal and actively interferes in elections abroad — namely, in countries that are targets of U.S. foreign policy. Founded in 1983 by Reagan and directed by the CIA, the agency also assists in mobilizing coups and paid “dissidents” in U.S.-led regime change projects, such as the 2002 failed attempt against Hugo Chavez in Venezuela, as well as helping to create aggressive media campaigns that demonize targeted nations. Another instance of this “soft power” tactic of mobilizing U.S.-backed “dissidents” in targeted nations are the number of Sunni Islamic fundamentalist madrassas (schools) sponsored by the CIA and set up by Wahhabi missionaries from Saudi Arabia in Afghanistan — which started to appear in increasing numbers during the 1980s, reaching over 39,000 during the decade. Afghanistan’s public education institutions were largely secular prior to the fall of Kabul in 1992; these madrassas were the direct, ideological and intellectual antitheses to the existing institutions of education. The madrassas acted as centres for cult-like brainwashing and were essentially CIA covert psychological operations (psy-ops) intended to inspire divisiveness and demobilize younger generations of Afghans in the face of imperial onslaught so that they would not unite with the wider PDPA-led nationalist resistance to imperialism.

The NED’s founding members were comprised of Cold War ideologues which included Brzezinski himself, as well as Trotskyists who provided an endless supply of slurs against the Soviet Union. It was chiefly under this agency, and with direction provided by Brzezinski, that America produced artists, “activists”, academics, and writers who presented themselves as “radical leftists” and slandered the Soviet Union and countries that were aligned with it — which was all part of the process of toppling them and subjugating them to U.S. free market fundamentalism. With Brzezinski having mastered the art of encouraging postmodernism and identity politics among the Western left in order to weaken it, the United States not only had military and economic might on its side but also highly sophisticated ideological instruments to help give it the upper hand in propaganda wars.

These “soft power” schemes are highly effective in masking the brutality of U.S. imperialism, as well as concealing the exploitation of impoverished nations. Marketing the Mujahideen mercenaries as “peace warriors” while demonizing the PDPA and referring to the Soviet assistance as an “invasion” or “aggression” marked the beginning of the regular use of “humanitarian” pretexts for imperialist interventions. The Cold War era onslaught against Afghanistan can thus be seen as the template for the NATO-led regime change projects against Yugoslavia, Libya, and Syria, which not only involved the use of U.S.-backed proxy forces but also “humanitarian” pretexts being presented in the aggressive propaganda campaigns against the targeted countries. It was not until 2002, however, that then-American UN representative Samantha Powers, as well as several U.S.-allied representatives, would push the United Nations to officially adopt the “Responsibility to Protect” (R2P) doctrine into the Charter — which was in direct contradiction to the law that recognizes the violation of a nation’s sovereignty as a crime. The R2P doctrine was born out of the illegal 78-day NATO air-bombing of Yugoslavia from March 24 to June 10, 1999. And although plans to dismantle Yugoslavia go as far back as 1984, it was not until much of the 1990s that NATO would begin openly intervening — with more naked aggression — starting with the funding and support for secessionist paramilitary forces in Bosnia between 1994-1995. It then sealed the 1999 destruction of Yugoslavia with with the balkanization of the Serbian province of Kosovo. In addition to the use of terrorist and paramilitary groups as proxy forces which received CIA-training and funding, another key feature of this “humanitarian” intervention was the ongoing demonization campaigns against the Serbs, who were at the centre of a vicious Western media propaganda war. Some of the most egregious parts of these demonization campaigns — which were tantamount to slander and libel — were the claims that the Serbs were “committing genocide” against ethnic Albanians. The NATO bombing campaign was illegal since it was given no UN Security Council approval or support.

Once again, Brzezinski was not the National Security Advisor during the U.S.-led campaign against Yugoslavia. However, he still continued to wield influence as a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a private organization and Wall Street think tank. The Council on Foreign Relations is intertwined with highly influential NGOs who are essentially propaganda mouthpieces for U.S. foreign policy, such as Human Rights Watch, which has fabricated stories of atrocities allegedly committed by countries targeted by U.S. imperialism. Clearly, unmitigated U.S. imperial aggression did not end with the destruction of the former Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, nor with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The post-Cold War years were a continuation of U.S. imperialism’s scramble for more spheres of influence and global domination; it was also a scramble for what was left of the former ‘Soviet bloc’ and Warsaw Pact. The dismantling of Yugoslavia was, figuratively speaking, the ‘final nail in the coffin’ of whatever ‘Soviet influence’ was left in Eastern Europe.

The demise of the Soviet Union and the “Afghan trap” question

Image on the right: Left to right: former Afghan President Babrak Karmal, and former Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev. Karmal took office at around the same time (December 1979) the PDPA requested that Moscow intervene to assist the besieged Afghanistan.

The sabotage and subsequent dissolution of the Soviet Union meant that only one global hegemon remained, and that was the United States. Up until 1989, the Soviet Union had been the barrier that was keeping the United States from launching a more robust military intervention in Afghanistan, as well as in Central and West Asia. While pulling out did not immediately cause the defeat of Kabul as the PDPA government forces continued to struggle for another three years, Mikhail Gorbachev’s decision to withdraw Soviet troops arguably had a detrimental impact on Afghanistan for many years to come. Although there was no Soviet military assistance in the last three years of Najibullah’s presidency, Afghanistan continued to receive aid from the USSR, and some Soviet military advisers (however limited in their capacity) still remained; despite the extreme difficulties, and combined with the nation’s still-relatively high morale, this did at least help to keep the government from being overthrown immediately. This defied U.S. expectations as the CIA and the George H.W. Bush administration had believed that the government of Najibullah would fall as soon as Soviet troops were withdrawn. But what really hurt the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan’s army was when the Soviet Union was dismantled in 1991; almost as soon as the dissolution happened and Boris Yeltsin (with U.S. backing) took over as Russia’s president, the aid stopped coming and the government forces became unable to hold out for much longer. The U.S. aggression was left unchecked, and to this day Afghanistan has not seen geopolitical stability and has since been a largely impoverished ‘failed state’, serving as a training ground for terrorist groups such as ISIS and Al Qaeda. It continues to be an anarchic battleground between rival warlords which include the ousted Taliban and the U.S. puppet government that replaced them.

But, as was already mentioned above, the “Afghan trap” did not, in and of itself, cause the dismantling of the Soviet Union. In that same interview with Le Nouvel Observateur, Brzezinski had this to say in response to the question about setting the “trap”:

Q: Despite this risk, you were an advocate of this covert action. But perhaps you yourself desired this Soviet entry into war and looked to provoke it?

[Brzezinski]: It isn’t quite that. We didn’t push the Russians to intervene, but we knowingly increased the probability that they would.

Likewise with Cuba and Syria, the USSR had a well-established alliance with the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, one of mutual aid and partnership. Answering Kabul’s explicit request for assistance was a deliberate and conscious choice made by Moscow, and it just so happened that the majority of Afghans welcomed it. For any errors that Leonid Brezhnev, the General Secretary at the time, may have made (which do deserve a fair amount of criticism, but are not the focus of this article), the 1979 decision to intervene on behalf of Afghanistan against U.S. imperialism was not one of them. It is true that both the Soviet and the U.S. interventions were military interventions, but the key difference is that the U.S. was backing reactionary forces for the purposes of establishing colonial domination and was in clear violation of Afghan sovereignty. Consider, too, that Afghanistan had only deposed of its king in 1973, just six years before the conflict began. The country may have moved quickly to industrialize and modernize, but it wasn’t much time to fully develop its military defenses by 1979.

Image below: Mikhail Gorbachev accepts the Nobel Peace Prize from George H.W. Bush on October 15, 1990. Many Russians saw this gesture as a betrayal, while the West celebrated it, because he was being awarded for his capitulation to U.S. imperialism in foreign and economic policy.

Other than that, perhaps it would be more accurate to say that the Soviet Union imploded due to an accumulating number of factors: namely, the gradual steps that U.S. foreign policy had taken over the years to cripple the Soviet economy, especially after the deaths of Brezhnev and Yuri Andropov. How Gorbachev responded during the U.S.-led onslaught against Afghanistan certainly helped to exacerbate the conditions that led to the dissolution. After the deaths of Brezhnev and Andropov, the Soviet Union’s economy became disorganized and was being liberalized during much of the 1980s. Not only that, but the Reagan administration escalated the arms race, which intensified after they had scrapped the ‘detente’ that was previously made in the mid-1970s. Even prior to Reagan’s hardline, bombastic rhetoric and escalation against the USSR, the Soviet Union was already beginning to show signs of strain from the arms race during the late-1970s. However, in spite of the economic strains, during the height of the war the organized joint operations between the Soviet army and the Afghan army saw a significant amount of success in pushing back against the Mujahideen with many of the jihadist leaders either being killed or fleeing to Pakistan. Therefore, it is erroneous to say that intervening in Afghanistan on behalf of the Afghan people “did the Soviet Union in.”

In a misguided and ultimately failed attempt to spur economic growth rates, Gorbachev moved to end the Cold War by withdrawing military support from allies and pledging cooperation with the United States who promised “peace”. When he embraced Neoliberalism and allowed for the USSR to be opened to the U.S.-dominated world capitalist economy, the Soviet economy imploded and the effects were felt by its allies. It was a capitulation to U.S. imperialism, in other words; and it led to disastrous results not only in Afghanistan, but in several other countries as well. These include: the destruction of Yugoslavia, both wars on Iraq, and the 2011 NATO invasion of Libya. Also, Warsaw Pact members in Eastern Europe were no longer able to effectively fight back against U.S.-backed colour revolutions; some of them would eventually be absorbed as NATO members, such as Czechoslovakia which was dissolved and divided into two states: the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Without Soviet Russia to keep it in check, the United States was able to launch an unrestrained series of aggressions for nearly two decades. Because of his decision to withdraw from the arms race altogether, in a vain attempt to transform the Soviet Union into a social democracy akin to those of the Nordic countries, Gorbachev had deprived the Russian army of combat effectiveness by making significant cuts to its defense budget, which is partly why they were forced to evacuate. Not only that, but these diplomatic and military concessions with the United States gave them no benefit in return, hence the economic crisis in Russia during the Yeltsin years. Suffice to say, the Gorbachev-Yeltsin years are not remembered fondly in Russia and many regard Gorbachev as a traitor and Western agent who helped to bring the Soviet Union to its collapse. In more recent years, efforts are being made to assess the actions taken by Gorbachev with regards to Afghanistan; this includes going against and revising the resolution put forth by him which suggested that the USSR intervention was “shameful”.

In short, Afghanistan did not cause the Soviet Union’s demise even if it required large military spending. More accurately: it was Gorbachev’s impulsive decision to quickly discard the planned economy in favour of a market economy in order to appease the United States, who made the false promise that NATO would not expand eastward. If there was a real “trap”, it was this and Gorbachev played right into the hands of U.S. imperialism; and so, the Soviet Union received its devastating blow from the United States in the end — not from a small, minor nation such as Afghanistan which continues to suffer the most from the effects of these past events. For many years, but especially since the end of WWII, the United States made ceaseless efforts to undermine the USSR, adding stress upon stress onto its economy, in addition to the psychological warfare waged through the anti-Soviet propaganda and military threats against it and its allies. Despite any advances made in the past, the Soviet Union’s economy was still not as large as that of the United States. And so, in order to keep pace with NATO, the Soviet Union did not have much of a choice but to spend a large percentage of its GDP on its military and on helping to defend its allies, which included national liberation movements in the Third World, because of the very real and significant threat that U.S. imperialism posed. If it had not spent any money militarily, its demise would most likely have happened much sooner. But eventually, these mounting efforts by U.S. imperialism created a circumstance where its leadership under Gorbachev made a lapse in judgment, reacting impulsively and carelessly rather than acting with resilience in spite of the onslaught.

It should also be taken into account that WWII had a profound impact on Soviet leadership — from Joseph Stalin to Gorbachev — because even though the Red Army was victorious in defeating the Nazis, the widespread destruction had still placed the Soviet economy under an incredible amount of stress and it needed time to recover. Meanwhile, the convenient geographical location of the United States kept it from suffering the same casualties and infrastructural damage seen across Europe and Asia as a result of the Second World War, which enabled its economy to recover much faster and gave it enough time to eventually develop the U.S. Dollar as the international currency and assert dominance over the world economy. Plus, the U.S. had accumulated two-thirds of the world’s gold reserves by 1944 to help back the Dollar; and even if it lost a large amount of the gold, it would still be able to maintain Dollar supremacy by developing the fiat system to back the currency. Because of the destruction seen during WWII, it is understandable that the Soviet Union wanted to avoid another world war, which is why it also made several attempts at achieving some kind of diplomacy with the United States (before Gorbachev outright capitulated). At the same time, it also understood that maintaining its military defenses was important because of the threat of a nuclear war from the United States, which would be much more catastrophic than the Nazis’ military assaults against the Soviet Union since Hitler did not have a nuclear arsenal. This was part of a feat that U.S. imperialism was able to accomplish that ultimately overshadowed British, French, German, and Japanese imperialism, which Brzezinski reveals in his book, The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and its Geostrategic Imperatives: an unparalleled military establishment that, by far, had the most effective global reach which allowed the U.S. to “project forces over long distances”, helping it to assert its global domination and impose its “political will”. And what makes the American Empire distinct from the Japanese Empire, British Empire, and other European empires is that one of the bases for its ideology is the socially constructed international hierarchy of nations, and not races as was the case with the other aforementioned empires. This constructed international hierarchy of nations is more effective because it means not only greater expansionism, but also the greater ability to exercise global primacy and supremacy. More specific to Central Asia and the Middle East, the Wahhabist and Salafist groups propped up by the CIA were always intended to nurture sectarianism and discord in order to counter a mass, broad-based united front of nations against imperialism — an example of divide-and-conquer, which is an age-old tradition of empire, except this time with Neoliberal characteristics.

Therefore, the Mujahideen against Afghanistan should not be thought of simply as “the Afghan trap”, but rather as the U.S. subjugation and plundering of West and Central Asia and an important milestone (albeit a cynical one) in shaping its foreign policy with regards to the region for many years to come. If one thing has remained a constant in U.S. foreign policy towards West and Central Asia, it is its strategic partnership with the oil autocracy of Saudi Arabia, which acts as the United States’ steward in safeguarding the profits of American petroleum corporations and actively assists Western powers in crushing secular Arab and Central Asian nationalist resistance against imperialism. The Saudi monarchy would again be called on by the U.S. government in 2011 in Syria to assist in the repeated formula of funding and arming so-called “moderate rebels” in the efforts to destabilize the country. Once again, the ultimate goal in this more recent imperial venture is to contain Russia.

Cold War 2.0? American Supremacy marches on

The present-day anti-Russia hysteria is reminiscent of the anti-Soviet propaganda of the Cold War era; while anti-communism is not the central theme today, one thing remains the same: the fact that the U.S. Empire is (once again) facing a formidable challenge to its position in the world. After the Yeltsin years were over, and under Vladimir Putin, Russia’s economy eventually recovered and moved towards a more dirigiste economy; and on top of that, it moved away from the NATO fold, which triggered the old antagonistic relationship with the United States. Russia has also decided to follow the global trend of taking the step towards reducing reliance on the U.S. dollar, which is no doubt a source of annoyance to the U.S. capitalist class. It seems that a third world war in the near future is becoming more likely as the U.S. inches closer to a direct military confrontation against Russia and, more recently, China. History does appear to be repeating itself. When the government of Bashar al Assad called on Moscow for assistance in fighting against the NATO-backed terrorists, it certainly was reminiscent of when the PDPA had done the same many years before. Thus far, the Syrian Arab Republic has continued to withstand the destabilization efforts carried out by the Al Qaeda-affiliated terrorist groups and Kurdish militias at the behest of the United States, and has not collapsed as Libya, Yugoslavia, and Afghanistan did.

But what often gets overlooked is the repeated Brzezinskist formula of funding highly reactionary forces and promoting them as “revolutionaries” to Western audiences in order to fight governments that defy the global dictatorship of the United States and refuse to allow the West to exploit their natural resources and labour power. As Karl Marx once said, “Men make their own history, but they do not make it as they please; they do not make it under self-selected circumstances, but under circumstances existing already, given and transmitted from the past.” Such a phenomenon is no accident or a mere mistake. The geopolitical instability that followed after the overthrow of the PDPA ensures that no sound, united, and formidable opposition against U.S. imperialism will emerge for an indefinite number of years; and it seems that Libya, where the Brzezinskist-style of regime change also saw success and which is now a hotbed for the slave trade, is on the same path as Afghanistan. This is all a part of what Lenin calls moribund capitalism when he discussed the economic essence of imperialism; and by that, he meant that imperialism carries the contradictions of capitalism to the extreme limit. American global monopoly had grown out of U.S. foreign policy, and it should go without saying that the American Empire cannot tolerate losing its Dollar Supremacy, especially when the global rate of profit is falling. And if too many nations reject U.S. efforts to infiltrate their markets and force foreign finance capital exports onto their economies in order to gain a monopoly over the resources, as well as to exploit the labour of their working people, it would surely spell a sharp decline in American Dollar hegemony. The fact that the United States was willing to go as far as to back mercenaries to attack the former Democratic Republic of Afghanistan and fight the Soviet Union, as well as to spend billions of dollars on a highly elaborate but effective propaganda campaign, shows a sign of desperation of the American Empire in maintaining its global hegemony.

Since the end of World War II the United States has been, and is by and large still, the overwhelming world-dominating power. It is true that the American Empire is in decline, in light of increasing trends towards “de-Dollarization,” as well as the rise of China and Russia which pose as challenges to U.S. interests. Naturally, Washington will desperately try to cling on to its number one position in the world by accelerating the growth of its global monopolies — whether it is through placing wholly unnecessary tariffs against competitors such as China, or threatening to completely cut Venezuelan and Iranian oil out of the global market — even if it means an increasing drive towards World War III. The current global economic order which Washington elites have been instrumental in shaping over the past several decades reflects the interests of the global capitalist class to such an extent that the working class is threatened with yet another world war despite the unimaginable carnage witnessed during the first two.

When we look back at these historical events to help make sense of the present, we see how powerful mass media can be and how it is used as a tool of U.S. foreign policy to manipulate and control public opinion. Foreign policy is about the economic relationships between countries. Key to understanding how U.S. imperialism functions is in its foreign policy and how it carries it out — which adds up to plundering from relatively small or poorer nations more than a share of wealth and resources that can be normally produced in common commercial exchanges, forcing them to be indebted; and if any of them resist, then they will almost certainly be subjected to military threats.

With the great wealth that allowed it to build a military that can “project forces over long distances,” the United States is in a unique position in history, to say the least. However, as we have seen above, the now four decade-long war on Afghanistan was not only fought on a military front considering the psy-ops and the propaganda involved. If anything, the Soviet Union lost on the propaganda front in the end.

From Afghanistan we learn not only of the origins of Al Qaeda, to which the boom in the opioid-addiction epidemic has ties, or why today we have the phenomenon of an anti-Russia Western “left” that parrots imperialist propaganda and seems very eager to see that piece of Cold War history repeat itself in Syria. We also learn that we cannot de-link the events of the 2001 direct U.S. military intervention in Afghanistan and what followed from those of 1979; Afghanistan’s colonial-feudal past, its break from that with the 1978 Saur Revolution, and the U.S.-led Mujahideen are all as much of a part of its history (and the Greater Middle East, by extension) as the events of 2001. It cannot be stressed enough that it is those historical conditions, particularly as they relate to U.S. foreign policy, that helped to shape the ongoing conflict today.

Obviously, we cannot undo the past. It is not in the interests of the working class anywhere, in the Global South or in the Global North, to see a third world war happen, as such a war would have catastrophic consequences for everyone — in fact, it could potentially destroy all of humanity. Building a new and revitalized anti-war movement in the imperialist nations is a given, but it also requires a more sophisticated understanding of U.S. foreign policy. Without historical context, Western mass media will continue to go unchallenged, weaning audiences on a steady diet of “moderate rebels” propaganda and effectively silencing the victims of imperialism. It is necessary to unite workers across the whole world according to their shared interests in order to effectively fight and defeat imperialism and to establish a just, egalitarian, and sustainable world under socialism. Teaching the working class everywhere the real history of such conflicts as the one in Afghanistan is an important part of developing the revolutionary consciousness necessary to build a strong global revolutionary movement against imperialism.

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Note to readers: please click the share buttons below. Forward this article to your email lists. Crosspost on your blog site, internet forums. etc.

Originally published by LLCO.org on March 30, 2019. For the full-length article and bibliography, click here.

Janelle Velina is a Toronto-based political analyst, writer, and an editor and frequent contributor for New-Power.org and LLCO.org. She also has a blog at geopoliticaloutlook.blogspot.com.

All images in this article are from the author; featured image: Brzezinski visits Osama bin Laden and other Mujahideen fighters during training.

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Syria Military Operation to Liberate Idlib Has Begun. Estimated 40,000 Terrorists in Idlib

The last terrorist-held territory under attack

Global Research, May 08, 2019

The zero-hour has arrived in Idlib, as the long awaited military operations to clear the last remaining terrorist-controlled area in Syria has begun.  It is estimated that there are 40,000 terrorists, some with their families, and they comprise many different terrorist groups, which are now aligned under one umbrella.  Colonel Suheil Al-Hassan of the Tiger Forces is part of the ground forces advancing on the province, in the wake of air strikes.   Idlib’s population, about 2 million today, has changed since 2011.

Idlib was one of the first areas infiltrated by the Radical Islamic political ideology of the Free Syrian Army (FSA).  The very first murder in Idlib by the Syrian ‘rebels’ in 2011 was the pharmacist Dr. Samir Kanatry, who was killed and then burnt up inside his pharmacy in August 2011 at Ma’arat Numan.  He was murdered because he was advocating secular values.  The US-backed FSA were sectarian from the outset, and any secular political ideals were their enemy.

The majority of Syrians do not support armed revolution in order to create a new sectarian based Syrian government. The ‘rebels’ only hope was to incite a military intervention by US-NATO forces based on a fabricated story of a chemical attack.  They tried this ploy repeatedly, and it never succeeded.  Even aligning them with Al Qaeda didn’t work, as the FSA and Al Qaeda developed their own ‘wars’ amongst themselves.

Beginning in 2011 many residents of Idlib fled: some to Latakia as a safe-haven from the ‘rebels’, who by then were clearly acting as terrorists.  Some of the residents of Idlib sided with the terrorists, and yet others fled to Turkey which is close by, with promises not only of safety, but financial support, and possible long term benefits from Turkish citizenship and income.

The current residents in Idlib are a very mixed bag: almost 4,000 of them are Chinese citizens. They are Uyghers from the far West of China, which is a Turkic speaking Muslim population.  Pres. Erdogan of Turkey inticed them to come to Turkey on passports he had issued, and then cross the border into Syria.  He supported their Jihad to Syria, and they brought parents, wives, and children and they are well-armed.   Pres. Erdogan sees the Uyghurs as ‘long lost cousins’, sharing the same root language as modern Turkey.

The “White Helmets” are in Idlib, too.  This award-winning video troop has been evacuated from other terrorist areas which were cleared by the SAA.

Why are the “White Helmets” (WH) only in areas under terrorist control?

Why have we never seen any WH rescuing people in places that were targeted by the ‘rebels’?  Recently, a missile fell on the Palestinian refugee camp in Latakia and destroyed a home: why weren’t the WH there to pull the injured from the rubble?

Raed Saleh, the main organizer of the WH recently spoke with National Public Radio in the USA, and he said,

“The revolution still goes on.  We have not lost. This revolution continues.”

He also admitted that his group still receives funding from the US government.  It appears his focus is not helping to rescue people or any humanitarian project: his goal is a “revolution”.  This proves the group is not neutral, or humanitarian.

They work strictly within a political framework that was developed by the US-NATO organizers of the destruction of Syria.  The question not asked of him by NPR is: “How much support does the revolution have among the current population in Syria?”  The majority of Syrian citizens who have never left Syria, and have endured 8 years of armed conflict, want peace.  They want to rebuild their lives, homes, and businesses.

Russia and Turkey entered into a de-escalation agreement on Idlib last year.  This agreement was supposed to entail the Al Qaeda affiliates, as well as ISIS and all other recognized terrorist groups, moving away from civilian areas, thus allowing forces to target and eliminate terrorists, while protecting innocent civilians.  However, the agreement did not cause the separation of the innocent from the terrorists.

In fact, some terrorist groups fought with each other and innocent civilians were killed and injured, as well as some armed groups made new alliances that moved their designation from ‘rebels’ to terrorists.  Many people wondered why would Russia and Turkey make a pact to safeguard and protect armed groups?  Turkey has always been a supporter of the armed groups, including Al Qaeda’s Syrian branch, Jibhat al Nusra, which is the leading force occupying Idlib.

Idlib residents are Americans, French, Belgian, Australian, British, North African, and Saudi Arabian.  Some are Syrians but were originally from Aleppo, Deraa, Homs, East Ghouta and other locations far removed from Idlib. The Syrians living in Idlib today were mainly bussed to Idlib, as their areas fell to the SAA, and they chose to live in exile in Idlib rather than surrender and resume peaceful life.

The Western media warns of the largest humanitarian disaster waiting to happen in Idlib if the SAA and its Russian allies take the area.  One wonders where the Western media was when those terrorists in Idlib shot missiles repeatedly at Kessab, Latakia, Slonfa, Hama, Aleppo, Jeblah, and M’Hardeh.  Where were the cries about deaths, injuries, and loss of property such as schools, and homes in places targeted by the terrorists?

In fact, many industries which lay on the perimeter of Idlib are unable to recover or rebuild, even though peace is restored, because they live under the threat of missile and drone attacks, launched by the terrorists who are protected in Idlib.  An example is Kessab, which was attacked, destroyed and occupied in March 2014 by the FSA and Al Qaeda.  The Christian village is far from Idlib, yet the missiles still land there and have landed in the school while children were playing.

America and her western allies, including the Arab Gulf monarchies, have the policy to prevent Syria from peaceful recovery and rebuilding.   They are demanding ‘regime-change’ prior to rebuilding, even though they lost the war.  Once Idlib is retaken by the SAA, the US-NATO project for the “New Syria” made in their image will be declared dead.

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عمليّات الجيش مستمرّة: النار تعيد رسم «توافقات إدلب»

 صهيب عنجريني
الأربعاء 8 أيار 2019

عمليّات الجيش مستمرّة: النار تعيد رسم «توافقات إدلب»

تؤشّر كثافة نشاط الطيران الحربي على أنّ تخفيض وتيرة العمليات ونطاقها غير مطروح حاليّاً (أ ف ب )

عمليّات الجيش مستمرّة: النار تعيد رسم «توافقات إدلب»

نتائج اليومين الأولين من العمليات تمنح الجيش أفضليّة قطع طرق الإمداد بين قلعة المضيق (ريف حماة الشمالي الغربي)، وبلدة كفرنبودة (ريف حماة الشمالي الشرقي). وتبدو الأخيرة وجهةً مرجحة لعمليات الجيش في الأيام المقبلة، كما يشكل مثلث «مورك، كفرزيتا، اللطامنة» (على المحور المقابل) هدفاً بالغ الأهمية. وتؤشّر كثافة نشاط الطيران الحربي المتزايدة على أنّ تخفيض وتيرة العمليات ونطاقها غير مطروح حاليّاً، بل يبدو أنّ الاستعدادات قد استُكملت على عدد من المحاور الأخرى لتدشين عمليّات بريّة باتت في انتظار «الساعة الصفر».

ومن المنتظر أن تُشكل الضغوط الداخلية التركية عاملاً يحدّ فعالية أنقرة في التأثير بعمليات الجيش السوري راهناً، في ظل انشغال الرئيس رجب طيب أدروغان، وحزبه، في معركة إعادة الانتخابات البلدية في إسطنبول، وتزايد التحدّيات الاقتصاديّة المرتبطة باستقرار الليرة التركيّة. مع كل ما تقدّم، لا يمكن الحديث عن «عملية شاملة» تطمح إلى استعادة كامل إدلب في الوقت الراهن، لا بسبب صعوبة تدشين معركة بهذا الحجم فحسب، بل بفعل التداخلات السياسية الدولية المتوقّعة. ومن المرجّح أنّ السيطرة على «المنطقة المنزوعة السلاح» المُفترضة تُشكل هدفاً أساسياً لعمليات الجيش السوري في مرحلتها الراهنة. ويعزّز ذلك حرص وسائل الإعلام الرسميّة على إدراج عمليات الأيام الأخيرة في إطار «الرد على خروق الإرهابيين».

من دون تقديم نفي أو تأكيد، يشدد مصدر عسكري سوري على أنّ «خريطة عمليات الجيش السوري واضحة منذ زمن طويل، وهي تشمل كلّ المناطق الخاضعة لسيطرة الإرهابيين». ويؤكد المصدر أن «العلم السوري سيرفرف في كل تلك المناطق، السؤال فقط هو: متى؟ والجواب تقرّره القيادة في كل مرحلة، وترون نتائجه في الميدان». في الوقت نفسه، يحرص المصدر على القول إنّ «الجيش قادرٌ على نزع الأسلحة الثقيلة والخفيفة ومن يحملها ما دامت الاتفاقات حبراً على ورق، وإنّ الإرهابيين توهّموا قدرتهم على فرض أمر واقع».

وترجع آخر محاولة روسية ــ تركية، لإنقاذ «تفاهمات سوتشي» إلى آذار/مارس الماضي، حين أُعلن تسيير «دوريات مشتركة». وتكفّل وقت قصير في تظهير حقيقة أنّ المسألة لم تعدُ كونها محاولة تركيّة لـ«شراء الوقت»، ليبوء «تسيير الدوريات» بالفشل بعد أن أحجمت (أو عجزت) أنقرة عن فرضه (راجع «الأخبار» 9 آذار 2018). وحتى الآن، لا تعكس كواليس المجموعات المسلّحة (ولا سيّما «هيئة تحرير الشام») استعداداً لـ«تدارك ما فات» سلميّاً، والرضوخ لفكرة الدوريات المشتركة، وإفراغ «المناطق المنزوعة السلاح». على العكس من ذلك، تؤكد مصادر «جهاديّة»، في حديث إلى «الأخبار»، أنّ «النيّة معقودة على استعادة كل المناطق التي انحاز عنها المجاهدون (في إشارة إلى البانة والجنابرة وتل عثمان الاستراتيجي)». وحتى الآن، يُشكل تكثيف عمليات الجيش السوري عائقاً يحول دون قدرة «تحرير الشام» على شنّ عمليات هجوميّة في محاور أخرى، بغية تخفيف الضغط عن مناطق ريف حماة الشمالي، لكنّ هذا الخيار يظل حاضراً في حسابات «تحرير الشام» وحلفائها.

الأمم المتحدة تطالب بـ«العودة إلى سوتشي»

طالب الأمين العام للأمم المتحدة، أنطونيو غوتيريش، بـ«ضرورة حماية المدنيين في إدلب». وأعرب بيان صادر عن المتحدث باسم غوتيريتش عن القلق «إزاء الهجمات الجوية التي استهدفت مواقع تمركز المدنيين والبنى التحتية، وما نجم عنها من مقتل وجرح مئات المدنيين ونزوح أكثر من 150 ألف شخص». ودعا البيان جميع الأطراف إلى «إعادة التزام ترتيبات وقف إطلاق النار ومذكرة التفاهم الموقعة في 17 أيلول 2018». بدوره، حذّر «مكتب الأمم المتحدة لحقوق الإنسان» من المخاطر التي «تحيق بمئات آلاف النازحين في شمال حماة وجنوب إدلب في ظل التصعيد العسكري الأخير». وقالت المتحدثة باسم المكتب، رافينا شمداساني، إن «الفارين من الأعمال العدائية معرضون لخطر كبير ويواجهون مخاوف خطيرة تتعلق بالحماية على طول الطريق».

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Syrian War Report – May 7, 2019: Multiple Casualites Reported Amid Clashes In Northwestern Hama

South Front

On May 6, air defenses of Russia’s Hmeimim airbase in Syria repelled two militant rocket attacks intercepting at least 36 projectiles, the Russian Defense Ministry reported.

According to the defense ministry, the attacks caused no damage or casualties. Militants had used a unmanned aerial vehicle to direct their fire.

The shelling came from the Idlib de-escalation zone, which included the militant-held parts of Latakia, Idlib, Hama and Aleppo provinces. The Russian Aerospace Forces carried out strikes on militant positions in response to the attack.

According to pro-government and pro-militant sources, Russian warplanes struck two dozen of targets in northern Hama and southern Idlib on May 6 and continued striking militant positions on May 7.

The situation is developing in northwestern Hama where the Syrian Arab Army (SAA), the Tiger Forces and their allies launched an advance on positions of Hayat Tahrir al-Sham, Jaish al-Izza and other militant groups on May 6.

Initially, government troops seized several points north and northwest of Kernaz and forced militants to retreat towards Kafr Nabudah.

However, by the evening, Hayat Tahrir al-Sham-led forces had launched a counter-attack attempting to recapture the lost positions. In the morning of May 7, clashes continued.

Pro-militant sources released multiple conflicting reports urging that from 20 to 80 pro-government fighters were killed, and militants destroyed or captured at least 2 pieces of military equipment. Most of these claims are a part of the ongoing propaganda war. According to pro-government sources, up to 20 militants were killed. This number also remains unconfirmed.

Additionally, clashes and artillery duels took place in western Aleppo where some civilian casualties were reported.

According to reports, the Turkish Armed Forces had retreated from their observation post in Qalaat al-Madiq amid an intense fighting in northwestern Hama. This may indicate that Ankara is expecting a further escalation in the nearby area.

However, if the SAA focuses its efforts on a short part of the frontline and employs a limited force only for this purpose, it’s unlikely that it will achieve any major gains.

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حجة العرب الجاهزة لتبرير التخاذل.. كذبة “بيع الجولان” والعداء لإيران…..بقلم علي مخلوف

الصورة – للمعارض عبدالجليل السعيد و أفيخاي أدرعي

مع تبخر “ثورتهم” كبقعة ماء وسط صحراء، واختفاء طناجر النضال العرعورية، وتراشق قادتهم بتهم الفساد وسرقة أموال المساعدات، يروج من تبقى مما تُسمى بالمعارضة ومؤيدوها في الخارج أكاذيباً حول الجولان المحتل تعود للعام 1967 وأن المنطقة قد تم بيعها ! ولأن الحقيقة لا يمكن إنكارها تتزامن تلك الأكاذيب مع محاولة أمريكا الاعتراف بالهضبة المحتلة تحت السيادة الإسرائيلية.

عندما وجه الرئيس حافظ الأسد القوات العسكرية لتحرير الجولان لم نسمع صوتاً إسرائيلياً يقول ” توقف سيادة الرئيس لقد بعتنا الجولان أنسيت؟ ” لماذا لم يتكلم الإسرائيليون؟ لم لم يبرزوا الشيكات أو وثائق الأموال التي يزعم “المعارضون ” أنها موجودة؟! وإن كان حصل البيع المزعوم فهل كان ليتم دون علم الولايات المتحدة والاتحاد السوفييتي مثلاً؟ لم لم تعلن هاتان الدولتان خلال العقود المنصرمة أن الجولان بيع كما يزعم المعارضون؟! لماذا لم يعلن مجلس الأمن عن بيع الجولان منذ ذلك الوقت أيضاً ؟!

ويزعم هؤلاء بأن الرئيس حافظ الأسد باع الجولان في عام 1967، فلماذا هجم عليها في الـ 1973 لاستعادة الأراضي السورية المحتلة؟!

صرح الرئيس الأمريكي دونالد ترامب بأنه سيعترف بالجولان السوري المحتل إسرائيلياً، فقامت الدنيا، السوريون لوحوا عبر نائب وزير خارجيتهم فيصل المقداد بأن لهم الحق في استعادة الجولان بأي طريقة وأنهم يعتمدون على القوى الوطنية الشعبية الأمر الذي اعتُبر أنه تمهيد للإعلان عن مقاومة سورية شعبية لتحرير الجولان، كذلك العرب أعلنوا رفضهم وتنديدهم، وأيضاً الفرنسيون ومجلس الأمن رفض ذلك القرار لأنه منافي للشرعية الدولية، فلو كان حصل بيع للجولان كما يدّعي “مجاهدو الأقفية ومعارضو الفنادق” لما كنا رأينا ما رأينا اليوم أيضاً.

وعن كذبة أن الدولة السورية لم تطلق رصاصة واحدة على الجولان، فإن حرب تشرين وماحدث على جبهة الجولان واستعادة بحرية طبرية ثم التغير العسكري في سير المعركة بسبب خذلان البعض والدعم الغربي اللامحدود للكيان ، يكذب تلك الادعاءات، ولنفترض أن الرئيس بشار الأسد أعلن الحرب على إسرائيل من أجل استعادة الجولان فهل سيقف العرب والمعارضون السوريون معه؟! سابقاً كانت سورية تقول بأنها تحتفظ لنفسها بحق استعادة الأراضي المحتلة مع التأكيد على حقيقة أنها لاتستطيع لوحدها شن حرب على إسرائيل، وقتها أيضاً كانت إسرائيل تتمتع بالدعم الغربي، والعرب منقسمون ولا يمكن الثقة بأغلب أنظمتهم، اليوم إسرائيل تتمتع أيضاً بدعم عربي، والعلاقات الإسرائيلية ـ العربية باتت مفضوحة أمام الجميع وخصوصاً من بعض أنظمة الخليج، أيضاً فإن كلاً من مصر والأردن حتى لو أردنا حسن الظن بهما لن يستطيعا فعل شيء فهما على اتفاق سلام وتطبيع مع إسرائيل! إذا من بقي؟ أليست إيران حليفة سورية هي عدو العرب الأكبر؟ أليس حزب الله مصدر كابوس لهم؟ إن كان العرب قد خذلوا الحزب ووقفوا ضده في تموز فكيف الآن مع دمشق ؟

المعارضون السوريون ذاتهم كشفوا عمّا يمكن أن يكون عليه مستقبل سورية فيما لو نجحوا في الوصول إلى السلطة، المشافي الإسرائيلية التي عالجت جرحى “المجاهدين الأشاوس” تشهد، والشيخ الادلبي الذي التقى بمراسل القناة الثانية الإسرائيلية بريف ادلب والذي قال “إن قال شارون أنه ضد بشار الأسد فهو عيني” أيضاً يشهد، كذلك كمال اللبواني الذي كشف عن مشروع يرتكز على بيع هضبة الجولان السورية المحتلة الى اسرائيل بعد إسقاط النظام مقابل احلال السلام معها يشهد، وبسمة قضماني التي زارت إسرائيل تشهد، وفريد الغادري الذي قال أنه فور سقوط “النظام” سيرفرف العلم الإسرائيلي فوق دمشق ويحل السلام أيضاً يشهد.

زيارة مدير المكتب الإعلامي في ما تُسمى منصة آستانة عبد الجليل السعيد إلى فلسطين المحتلة، وظهوره في صور جمعته، ووفد مرافق له، مع افيخاي ادرعي، الناطق الرسمي باسم الجيش الإسرائيلي أيضاً تشهد على العمالة، وكذلك أيضاً ما يُسمى بمنسق بـ”جبهة الإنقاذ الوطني” السورية المعارضة فهد المصري و المسؤول السابق في القيادة المشتركة للجيش الحر، الذي أطلق رسالته عبر تلفزيون i24 الإسرائيلي والتي قال فيها “ندعو كافة القوى الإقليمية الفاعلة ومنها “إسرائيل” لتشكيل مجلس للأمن الإقليمي، برعاية الأمم المتحدة.. نجلس سويا للتنسيق حول أمن المنطقة يشهد على كذب وعمالة ما تُسمى بالمعارضة.

عبدالجليل السعيد و أفيخاي أدرعي

أكثر كذبة عهراً يتم ترويجها أن سورية تنسق مع إسرائيل! جيش العدو يستهدف الجيش السوري باعتداءات ويتم الرد عليها ويقولون لكن يتعاونون مع إسرائيل! دمشق تدعم حزب الله ويقولون لك تنسق مع إسرائيل؟ السوريون دعموا حركات المقاومة الفلسطينية ويقولون لك دمشق تنسق مع إسرائيل؟ سورية حليفة إيران الكبرى ثم يقولون لك تنسق مع إسرائيل؟ بعض الأنظمة العربية المتهتكة والمعارضون يروجون لذلك في وقت تصرح فيه تل أبيب بعلاقات متطورة مع مملكة الصرف الصحي الوهابية في الحجاز، وفي وقت يقوم فيه مسؤولون إسرائيليون بزيارات رسمية لعواصم خليجية !

إحدى الصحف الإسرائيلية المشهورة نشرت تقريرا عن الجهود الإسرائيلية لإبعاد إيران ووكلائها عن هضبة الجولان، وذلك عبر هجمات جوية، وأيضا عبر تزويد القوات التي تحارب الجيش السوري بالسلاح والأموال، على حد قولها، مستندةً في تقريرها إلى معلومات نشرتها المدونة الإسرائيلية الخبيرة في الشأن السوري، إليزابيث تسوركوبكشفت فيه أن إسرائيل زادت من حجم الإمدادات التي تنقلها لـ”الثوار” حسب وصفها، أما صحيفة لوبوان الفرنسية فقد نشرت بتاريخ 12/9/2018 تقريراً عن تسليح إسرائيل لفصائل المعارضة السورية. حيث كشفت كيف قامت إسرائيل بتسليح ودفع رواتب لآلاف المقاتلين المعارضين للقيادة السورية، وذلك لتأمين حدودها ومواجهة النفوذ الإيراني في سوريا، أما صحيفة “فورين بوليسي” الأمريكية فقد ذكرت أن إسرائيل ظلت تموّل وتسلّح خلال السنوات القليلة الماضية 12 مجموعة على الأقل من المعارضة المسلحة لمنع مليشيات تدعمها إيران وكذلك مقاتلي تنظيم الدولة من الاستيلاء على مواقع قريبة منها، وقد بدأ الكيان الصهيوني ذلك الدعم في العام 2013 لميليشيات تابعة للحر بالقنيطرة ودرعا والمناطق الجنوبية من ضواحي دمشق، من بينها فصيلي “فرسان الجولان” و”لواء عمر بن الخطاب”فيما صرح رئيس هيئة اركان الجيش المنتهية ولايته غادي ايزنكوت في مقابلة مع صحيفة صنداي تايمز البريطانية، أن اسرائيل زودت مجموعات معارضة بأسلحة خفيفة للدفاع عن النفس.

وبعد ذلك يأتي المعارضون المرتبطون إسرائيلياً وعربياً وأمريكياً ليتحدثوا عن الجولان والانتماء الوطني والعداء لإسرائيل!

Syria: US SS Won’t Leave Rukban Concentration Camp; MSM Ignore Terror Attacks

April 4, 2019

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Rukban Concentration Camp, where US-led SS is holding 40,000 Syrians hostage & starving them. Photo via SANA.

In Syria, the US-led SS forces continue to hold 40,000 internally displaced persons hostage in the Rukban concentration camp. In Syria, the US and EU funded and armed moderate terrorists continue to bomb civilian neighborhoods. In Syria, landmines provided to these moderates and left behind, continue to explode under the feet of Syrian civilians.

Massive coverage on Trump’s alleged golf cheating by media that are silent over the Rukban Concentration Camp. On rare occasions the camp is mentioned, lies have hostages appreciating their captivity. Author remains surprised that her relative who survived Auschwitz never mentioned his appreciation to the Nazis for his well-being.

The world’s human garbage, the criminally insane pimped by western world leaders and warmongering media as demigods, continue to breach the [unilaterally applied] Idlib “de-escalation zone agreement.” On 1 April, terrorists fired multiple rocket shells into Mhardeh (“rocket shells,” like “mortars,” is a euphemism for ground-to-ground-bombs). Houses, businesses, and other infrastructure were damaged.

The civilians of Mhardeh, Syria, are frequent targets for the Saudi-run, Jaish al Ezza Benevolent Society, located in Ltamenah, and whose social media activity was used by UC Berkeley’s Human Rights Investigation Lab report, published 18 January 2018.

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Baboons — er, ‘medics’? — keep busy when not building unhospitals in Ltamenah.
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Ten coffins carrying the remains of civilians are draped in the flag of the Syrian Arab Republic for their mass funeral.

The Syrian Arab Army has destroyed some rocket launchers of Saudi al Ezza and Qatari al Nusra — the latter, still on the designated terror lists of UN, US, and European countries. It is likely that the media will soon issue a condemnation.

Yesterday, 2 April, the SAA discovered another weapons cache and telecommunications trove in Daraa, Syria.

Weapons & telecommunications devices left behind by retreating terrorists.

They were abandoned by the beloved friends of US Sen. Adam Kinzinger, who neglected to nominate them for the Nobel Peace Prize for having slaughtered Syrian Arab Army soldiers after which they proudly mutilated their corpses.

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SAA soldiers slaughtered, their corpses abused. What American would cheer seeing a US soldier so brutalized?

The SAA also targeted hideouts of the not Syrian Turkistani Party, in the outskirts of al Ankawi and Shorlin, in the northern countryside of Hama in response to the foreign terrorists ongoing breaches in the “de-escalation” agreement.

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Also, yesterday, another 9 civilians were blown up in yet another landmine explosion, in Aleppo countryside.

Do a search of Syria news and see zero reports on the Trump SS concentration camp of Rukban, zero reports on landmines and on human garbage bombing civilian neighborhoods.

Instead, you will find reporting on a British terrorist actually on trial for terrorism. Leading the stories, you will find Fox News as press liaison for al Qaeda in Idlib — Syria — quoting Amnesty supporting al Qaeda, and posting an impressive staged photo of the savage White Helmets.

It should come as no surprise that the faux conservative Fox gives the same criminal propaganda as CNN; after all, Fox did not mention that Trump followed “fake news CNN” interview with a Brit illegal whose medical license was permanently revoked for terrorism charges and bombed Syria based on his lies.

Still, no on notices, as is the outcome showing the success of the CIA’s Operation Mockingbird.

No matter that Fox & CNN are fully aligned in anti-Syria propaganda, when there are important differences, regarding how many Mexico’s are in existence.

Syria News further notes the collaboration of FoxCNNand the UN, in complete and utter silence regarding the humanitarian aid convoy to victims of mass floods in Hasaka.

UN has ongoing meetings of the humanitarian situation in Syria. UN falsifies statistics, and these lies are reported by media sources such as Fox & CNN.

It is essential this conspiracy of omission be acknowledged.

Let us be mindful of the very active roll the UN has taken in helping to destroy Syria; showing itself to be “a place to demolish peace and security, to destabilize societies”:

Syrians continue to ignore the UN.

The US-led SS troops continue to hold Syrians prisoners at Rukban Concentration Camp. US/EU/Gulfie – backed takfiri and other wetworkers continue to commit atrocities against the Syrian people, as western media perform as press liaison, with the help of the UN.

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H.E. al Jaafari quoting Egyptian Nobel Laureate Najib Mahfouz to the rabid & deaf UN hyenas

Once proven, a conspiracy is no longer a theory. Though rabid, the unleashed media dogs of war are mindful of Dr. Assad’s promise to his people, the Syrian people, and they have begun the campaign in support of alQaeda in Idlib.

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Syria’s President, Dr. Bashar al Assad,

— Miri Wood

اسطنبول وأنقرة تهزمان «العثمانية» الجديدة

أبريل 3, 2019

د. وفيق إبراهيم

الطموحات العثمانية الاخوانية للرئيس التركي رجب طيب اردوغان في مرحلة اهتزاز عميق، لم يسقط بضربة انتخابية قاضية حتى الآن، لكنه تلقى لكمة لها طابع مستقبلي أصابت جانبي وجهه: العثماني والاخواني الإسلاموي.

فالقراءة الدقيقة لنتائج الانتخابات البلدية في تركيا تكشف بوضوح عن صراع متفاقم بين تيارين كبيرين: الأول قومي تاريخي ديني والثاني يجسد تركيا «الأوروبية» المتأثرة بالاقتصاد والتقسيم الطبقي.

ما هو واضح ولا يمكن نكرانه هو أن حزب العدالة والتنمية الذي يترأسه اردوغان حاز على 51 في المئة من أصوات المقترعين متحالفاً مع حزب الحركة القومية بما مجموعه 9,23 مليون صوت.

فيما نال منافسه الحزب الجمهوري المتحالف مع حزب «الجيد» 4,17 مليون صوت مقابل 10,82 ملايين لأحزاب اخرى.

ما تجب قراءته في هذه النتائج ليس التفوق الواضح في الأصوات فقط، فمن الضروري ربطها بمكانة حزب العدالة والتنمية الذي يحكم تركيا منذ 15 عاماً متواصلاً مسيطراً على 95 في المئة من وسائل الإعلام المتنوّع وقوة الجيش التركي مليون جندي والأمن الداخلي والمخابرات، والإدارات، بالإضافة الى 300 ألف معتقل زجّ بهم اردوغان في السجون بذريعة تأييدهم «للداعية» فتح الله غولن الموجود حالياً في الولايات المتحدة الأميركية، ويتندر الأتراك في هذا الصدد أن اردوغان اعتقل كل المواطنين باستثناء زوجته «أمينة».

لقد بدا واضحاً أن اردوغان صاحب مشروع تاريخي عثماني وقومي تركي واخواني إسلامي باعتبار ان حزبه العدالة والتنمية ينتمي الى فدرالية «الاخوان» في العالمين العربي والإسلامي ويديرها سورية، العراق، مصر، تونس، اليمن، ليبيا، السودان، الجزائر… هذا ما دفعه الى التحالف مع حزب الحركة القومية الذي يجب ان يتناقض «ايديولوجيا» مع الاممية الإسلامية الاخوانية بما يكشف الاصرار الاردوغاني على أممية إسلامية بزعامة عثمانية حصرية يقودها سلطان البر والخافقين الرجب الاردوغاني.

لذلك كان من الطبيعي أن يولي الرئيس التركي الجانب المؤدي الى تظهير عثمانية في التحشيد الداخلي التاريخي والتحرك السياسي والعسكري والديني في المدى العربي والإسلامي المجاور.

فتجسّد هذا الجانب في أدوار تركيا في سورية والعراق لأنهما البلدان المجاوران مباشرة مستعملاً فيهما التحريض الطائفي سنة وشيعة ومسيحيين وعلويين ودعم تنظيمات الإرهاب والاخوان، والاحتلال العسكري المباشر لقسم من أراضيهما.

أما في مصر فحاول بواسطة الاخوان فيها السيطرة على الدولة، وكذلك في اليمن الإصلاح وليبيا وتونس والسودان، اجتاحت تركيا عسكرياً بعض انحاء البلدان المتاخمة لها وبواسطة الاخوان مجمل الدول الأخرى وصولاً الى الصومال وتشاد ونيجيريا.

إن تناقض المشروع الاردوغاني مع المشروع الأميركي الأوروبي الإسرائيلي استولد له عداء خليجياً وحذراً سياسياً واقتصادياً حال دون انتسابها للاتحاد الأوروبي وصولاً الى فرض عقوبات اميركية استهدفت بعض قطاعاتها.

يتبين ان المشروع القومي المختبئ خلف أبعاد دينية وعثمانية تسبب لتركيا تقلصاً في المديين الأوروبي والأميركي الى جانب كثير من الإنفاق التركي على تمويل حركات الاخوان المسلمين والتحركات العسكرية في العالم العربي الإسلامي. وهذا استتبع ضموراً في الواردات انسحب على حركة الإنفاق في الداخل التركي فأصيبت كل الطبقات التركية بتراجع.

واذا كانت الفئات الريفية المنتمية الى أسفل السُلم الطبقي والعمال في المدن تستجيب كحالها في معظم دول العالم للتحشيد الوطني والقومي والديني وتتحمل المصاعب الاقتصادية، فإن الطبقة الوسطى التركية المشابهة لمثيلاتها الأوروبية تمتاز بقدرتها على تجاوز أساليب التحشيد العثماني والقراءة المتعمقة للتراجع الاقتصادي. هذا بالإضافة الى تقليدها للنموذج الأوروبي على المستوى الحياتي الاجتماعي، وبالتالي السياسي وهذا جلي في الفوارق السياسية والايديولوجية بين حزبي العدالة والتنمية والحركة القومية المتحالفين على أساس الجمع بين التاريخ العثماني والقومية التركية، مقابل حزبي الجمهوري والجيد العاكسين لتركيا من الستينيات حتى مطلع القرن الحادي والعشرين أي الدافعين نحو نظام جمهوري مدني قاعدة الانقسام فيه هي الطبقات الاجتماعية وليس المشروع الديني القومي.

ألا تعكس هذه القراءة نتائج الانتخابات الأخيرة في تركيا؟

وإلا كيف يُمكن تفسير نجاح الحزبين الجمهوري والجيد في مدينتي اسطنبول والعاصمة انقرة، حيث الغلبة فيهما للطبقة الوسطى مقابل استئثار حزب العدالة الاخواني في الأرياف والبلدات الصغيرة، التي يقيم فيها قرويو تركيا وريفيوها؟

هناك نقطة إضافية تتعلق بالفارق بالإمكانات المادية والرسمية بين حزب اردوغان الذي يسيطر على كل مصادر التحشيد في الدولة والأمن والإعلام فيما لا تمتلك القوى الحزبية المنافسة أي إمكانات تأثير رسمية او حتى خاصة وإعلامية.

يتبين بالنتيجة ان خسارة اردوغان للمدن، اكثر من رسالة رفض لمشروعه العثماني الاخواني وإشعار مسبق بانتصار المستقبل التركي على التاريخ العثماني البائد.

فهل يذهب اردوغان نحو التخفيف من حركته الخارجية والتركيز على الداخل التركي؟

يبدو أنه تأخّر ومن المعتقد أن أي استدارة جديدة لن تكسبه المدن التي كشفته بعد عقد ونصف من حكمه وقد تطرده من الأرياف التي أصبحت معتادة على التحشيد، أما لجهة الاخوان المسلمين فهؤلاء ذاهبون نحو عودة سريعة الى عالم الظلام والاختباء في دهاليز التاريخ.

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