Turkification, Crimes of Killing and Kidnapping Continue in Syrian Areas Occupied by Turkish Regime

Deeds not words

Turkification, Crimes of Killing and Kidnapping Continue in Syrian Areas Occupied by Turkish Regime

ST

Wednesday, 21 August 2019 09:09

DAMASCUS, (ST)– The Turkish-backed terrorist organizations and mercenaries alongside the Turkish occupation forces in the Syrian city of Afrin continue to commit murder and kidnapping crimes  against the locals in the areas that have been occupied by Turkey since March 2018. These crimes have been accompanied by an active Turkification campaign by Turkish occupation in the areas under its control.

According to local and media sources, a civilian from Afrin in Aleppo northwestern countryside was recently tortured to death at the prisons of the Turkish backed “Al-Hamzat Free Army” terrorist group. Another civilian was kidnapped in the vicinity of the city by another terror group called “al-Amshat Free Army”. The kidnappers asked his family to pay $3000 ransom to release him.

The sources also revealed that a person was found killed by unknown gunmen in Azaz city in Aleppo northern countryside which is controlled by the so-called “Free Army”. Such crimes have been repeatedly committed in the areas controlled by Turkish-affiliated terrorist groups.

Since its occupation of Afrin in March 2018, the Turkish regime, led by Recep Tayyib Erdogan, has adopted a Turkification policy that has affected all aspects of life in the city. The regime replaced the Arabic names of some areas and main squares with Turkish names.   It also changed the names of the villages and towns into Turkish names in an attempt to  wipe out their real identity. For example, the Turkish occupation replaced the name of a town called “Qastal Mikdad” with the Turkish name “Saljoki Obasi” and named the main square in Afrin as “Ataturk”. All these provocative acts go in line with Erdogan’s Ottoman aspirations which are based on occupation, looting and violations of international laws and conventions.

Turkey’s attempts to Turkify the Syrian cities, towns and villages, such as Azaz, al-Bab, Jarablus and Afrin, included also the naming of some Syrian schools in these areas after Turkish officers who were killed while invading the Syrian territories.  The Turkish flag is hoisted over these schools and the Turkish language is imposed as a main subject in the curricula.

In addition, the Turkish occupation and its mercenaries have forced Afrin residents to obtain new identity cards to use them at “official” circles in the city, according to tens of media and local sources. This behavior is reminiscent of the Zionist occupation’s practices in the occupied Syrian Golan and Palestine.

Edogan’s regime, through its terrorist tools, has also attempted to undermine the cultural and historical Arab identity of the area through destroying all its archeological monuments and historical icons. The Turkish warplanes have destroyed many archeological sites in Afrin including Ain Dara temple and the archeological sites of  al-Nabi Houri and Tal Jandares. They even destroyed the archeological site of Barad in Afrin which was included in the UNESCO World Heritage list, not to mention the acts of vandalism in the tombs and archeological sites in search for artifacts, gold and other historical treasures.

Hamda Mustafa

القتل والخطف والتتريك.. ممارسات يومية لنظام أردوغان ومرتزقته الإرهابيين بحق الأهالي في منطقة عفرين وريف حلب الشمالي

في إطار الوظيفة المنوطة بهم يواصل مرتزقة النظام التركي من التنظيمات الإرهابية المنتشرة جنباً إلى جنب مع قوات الاحتلال التركي في منطقة عفرين ممارساتهم الإرهابية والقمعية المتمثلة بعمليات القتل والاختطاف بحق الأهالي والمتاجرة بأرواحهم في تلك المناطق التي احتلتها قوات نظام أردوغان الإخواني في آذار من العام الماضي.

وأفادت مصادر أهلية وإعلامية بوفاة أحد المدنيين من أهالي منطقة عفرين تحت التعذيب في إحدى زنزانات سجون ما يسمى فرقة «الحمزات الجيش الحر» الإرهابية إحدى أدوات نظام أردوغان الإجرامية بمدينة عفرين في ريف حلب الشمالي الغربي وذلك بالتوازي مع إقدام ما يسمى «فصيل العمشات الجيش الحر» الإرهابي على اختطاف شخص آخر في محيط المدينة ومطالبة ذويه بدفع 3 آلاف دولار أميركي فدية لإطلاق سراحه.

وفي مدينة أعزاز بريف حلب الشمالي الخاضعة لمجموعات ما يسمى «الجيش الحر» الخاضعة لنظام أردوغان أيضاً كشفت المصادر أنه تم العثور على شخص مقتول على أيدي مسلحين مجهولين في حادثة تكررت عديد المرات بحق الأهالي في المناطق التي تنتشر فيها مجموعات إرهابية تتبع مباشرة لسلطات النظام التركي.
وتشهد مدينة عفرين وريفها منذ احتلالها من قوات النظام التركي في الثامن عشر من آذار من العام الماضي محاولات متواصلة من نظام أردوغان لفرض مخططاته فيها معتمداً ممارسات طالت كل مناحي الحياة فاستبدل أسماء المناطق والساحات الرئيسة بأسماء تركية بالتوازي مع محاولاته طمس الهوية الحقيقية عبر تغيير اسم البلدات والقرى إلى أسماء تركية كما فعل في بلدة قسطل مقداد التي استبدل اسمها إلى الاسم التركي «سلجوقي أوباصي» وأطلق اسم «أتاتورك» على الساحة الرئيسة في مدينة عفرين وتعدى ذلك إلى تغيير معالم المناطق فيها بما ينسجم مع أوهامه العثمانية القائمة على الاحتلال والسلب ومخالفة القوانين والمواثيق الدولية.

محاولات النظام التركي تتريك المدن والقرى والبلدات السورية الواقعة شمال البلاد مثل أعزاز والباب وجرابلس وعفرين شملت أيضاً إطلاق أسماء ضباط أتراك قتلوا خلال اجتياحهم الأراضي السورية شمال شرق حلب ومدينة عفرين وغيرها على المدارس السورية وفرض اللغة التركية مادة أساسية في مناهج التدريس مع تغيير كبير فيها ورفع العلم التركي عليها.

وأكدت عشرات التقارير الإعلامية إضافة لمصادر أهلية من المنطقة أن قوات الاحتلال التركي بالتعاون مع مرتزقتها من الإرهابيين ألزمت السكان باستخراج بطاقات شخصية جديدة لاستخدامها في الدوائر «الرسمية» بالمدينة بما يحاكي ما أقدمت عليه قوات الاحتلال الصهيوني في الجولان وفلسطين المحتلة كما عمدت إلى ضبط التوقيت الزمني في هذه المناطق بالتوقيت الزمني لتركيا.

إضافة لما سبق عمد نظام أردوغان عبر مرتزقته الإرهابيين إلى طمس الهوية الحضارية والتاريخية للمنطقة عبر تدمير جميع الأوابد الأثرية التي تدل على عروبة المنطقة حيث أقدمت قواته وطائراته على تدمير العديد من المواقع الأثرية في منطقة عفرين كمعبد عين دارة وموقع النبي هوري قورش وتل جنديرس الأثري إضافة إلى موقع براد الأثري الواقع جنوب مدينة عفرين والمسجل على لائحة مواقع التراث العالمي لمنظمة الأمم المتحدة للتربية والعلم والثقافة «يونيسكو» عدا عن عمليات البحث وتجريف بعض المواقع والمقابر بحثاً عن لقى أثرية وكنوز ذهب معتمدين على خرائط حصلوا عليها خلال عمليات نهب وسرقة مديريات الآثار والمتاحف في عدة مدن قبل اندحار الإرهابيين منها.

sana

   ( الثلاثاء 2019/08/20 SyriaNow)

Related

Advertisements

Syrian War Report – August 19, 2019: Tiger Forces Advance To Encircle Khan Shaykhun

South Front

Government forces are rapidly advancing in southern Idlib inflicting large casualties to radical militant groups.

During the weekend, the Syrian Arab Army (SAA), the Tiger Forces and their allies have liberated the villages of Khirbat Abidin, Hursh al-Tawilah, Mughr Hunta, the farms of Nijm, Nisr and al-Safar, and the Nar Hill. According to pro-government sources, at least 7 units of military equipment and 2 dozens of militants were eliminated in recent clashes.

In own turn, Hayat Tahrir al-Sham and its allies carried out several counter-attacks involving suicide vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices in Madayah and northwest of Khan Shaykhun. Despite some tactical successes, they were not able to turn the tide of the battle and stop the SAA advance.

Government forces are currently aiming to cut off the M5 highway and encircle the town of Khan Shaykhun and other militant positions to the south of it.

On August 17, members of the Turkish-backed National Syrian Army (NSA) shelled positions of the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) at the town of Tell Rifaat and the nearby villages of Zyuan, Nyrabia and Tell Madiq in northern Aleppo. According to pro-YPG sources, the shelling also targeted a positions of the Russian Military Police near Tell Rifaat. No casualties among Russian personnel were reported.

The NSA shelling started in response to an attack by YPG-linked Kurdish rebels in the Afrin Region. The rebels’ attack resulted in the deaths of 5 Turkish-backed militants. Tell Rifaat and its surroundings are under the joint control of the YPG and the SAA. YPG-linked cells use this area as a safe heaven to carry out attacks on Turkey-led forces in northern Aleppo thus provoking Turkish responses and increasing tensions between Damascus and Ankara.

Russian forces are establishing several positions in the southern Deir Ezzor countryside, pro-opposition media reported on August 16 citing local sources. The reports claimed that Russian units are working to establish new positions in the town of al-Jalaa.

Located less than 30km away from the border with Iraq, al-Jalaa is one of the largest towns in the western part of the Middle Euphrates River Valley. A highway leading to al-Qa’im border crossing passes through the town.

The deployment of Russian forces in al-Jalaa could be related to the near opening of the Syrian-Iraqi border as well as the ongoing security operations against the remaining ISIS cells in the region.

GOVERNMENT TROOPS ARE STORMING KHAN SHAYKHUN AFTER CUTTING OFF M5 HIGHWAY NORTH OF IT (MAPS)

Government Troops Are Storming Khan Shaykhun After Cutting Off M5 Highway North Of It (Maps)

Click to see the full-size image

Late on August 19, the Syrian Arab Army (SAA), the Tiger Forces and other pro-government factions started storming the town of Khan Shaykhun in southern Idlib.

Earlier on the same day, government troops seized several important hills north of Khan Shaykhun and cut off the M5 highway, which Turkish forces attempted to use to enter the town.

According to some pro-government sources, members of Hayat Tahrir al-Sham and other radical groups have started withdrawing from Khan Shaykhun. Reports are also circulating that militants are planning to withdraw from the entire northern Hama parea. Nonetheless, these reports still have to be confirmed.

The situation is developing.

Government Troops Are Storming Khan Shaykhun After Cutting Off M5 Highway North Of It (Maps)

Click to see the full-size image

Syrian Army breaks through militant lines to advance on Khan Sheikhoun: video

 

BEIRUT, LEBANON (6:00 P.M.) – The Syrian Arab Army (SAA) scored a big advance in the southern countryside of the Idlib Governorate this past week after cracking the militant lines near the key city of Khan Sheikhoun.

Chronicling the Syrian Arab Army’s advance in southern Idlib was the Anna News Agency, who captured exclusive footage of the military’s operations and push towards Khan Sheikhoun.

“On August 13, the Tiger Forces faced a challenge. In one night, they had to go half the distance between the cities of Hobeit and Khan Sheikhoun,” the Anna News said.

“When the last gleams of the sun went out over the horizon, the Tiger Forces set their machine in motion. But the Syrian movements did not go unnoticed. Detachments of militants prepared to meet the Tigers with everything they had,” they continued.

“We were especially struck by the number of artillery shells that the militants fired at us. After taking the strategic height of Tel Ays, the strategic city of Khan Sheikhoun was clearly visible. Everyone expected that the troops would go to storm the city, but instead the troops turned north,” they added.

Since this video was posted, the Syrian Arab Army has begun their attack to capture Khan Sheikhoun from the militant forces in southern Idlib.

Related Videos

Related News

Syria warns US-Turkey safe zone deal is a plot for “expansionist ambitions”

Image result for Syria warns US-Turkey safe zone deal is a plot for “expansionist ambitions”

Syria warns US-Turkey safe zone deal is a plot for “expansionist ambitions”

Monday, August 12, 2019

After three days of intense negotiations in Ankara, US and Turkish officials reached an agreement on Wednesday to create a joint operations center and set up a safe zone east of the Euphrates in north eastern Syria. Deal details have not yet been disclosed.

This last minute deal between Washington and Ankara is in response to Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s announcement on Sunday that Turkey was prepared to carry out a unilateral cross-border operation to push back Kurdish militias on the Syrian Turkish border east of the Euphrates river, if the Washington didn’t cut ties with the Kurdish militias and create a safe zone in northern Syria.

The two NATO allies agreed that the Turkish based joint operations center would be created as soon as possible to address Turkey’s security concerns.  The safe zone would become a “peace corridor”, and efforts would be made so that Syrian refugees could return home.

However, wanting peace is just a front for Erdogan’s true motives. The Syrian government categorically rejects the deal as a blatant attack on Syria’s territorial sovereignty and warns of Erdogan’s real reasons for establishing a so-called safe-zone on Syrian soil.

The Syrian Foreign Ministry said “The agreement constitutes a partnership between the US and Turkey over aggression against Syria that would serve the interest of the Israeli occupation entity. It also reflects how evasive and misleading the policies of the Turkish regime are.”

On Thursday an official Syrian source at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs told SANA “Syria expresses categorical rejection of the agreement announced by the US and Turkish occupations on establishing the so-called [safe zone] which constitutes a blatant aggression against the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Syrian Arab Republic and a flagrant violation of the principles of international law and the UN Charter,”.

Turkey is using the excuse of protecting its borders against the US-backed Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) and the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) who Turkey views as the Syrian branch of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), to fulfill its long-term mission of expanding its territory by invading and balkanizing its sovereign neighbor.

Many nations including the United States, who designated the PKK as a terrorist group in 1997, and Turkey who has been in conflict with the PKK since their inception in 1984, consider them to be a terrorist organization.

Another Turkish goal is to replace the indigenous diverse ethnic population in northern Syrian with extremists that are sympathetic to Erdogan, like we have seen in Afrin and other towns on Turkey’s border in northern Syria.

Erdogan’s plans for invasion and annexation will put Christian minorities in danger, some of whom can trace their lineage back to the original inhabitants of this land. However, Kurdish militias have also targeted them by using forced conscription and other Daesh-like intimidation tactics. The Kurdish Connection: Israel, ISIS And U.S. Efforts To Destabilize Iran explains more about how Kurdish militias have been used by the US to achieve their own objectives in the Middle East.

statement issued by the Syrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs states “This agreement has very clearly exposed the US-Turkish partnership in the aggression against Syria which serves the interest of the Israeli occupation entity and the Turkish expansionist ambitions and it unequivocally exposed the misleading and evasiveness which govern the policies of the Turkish regime.”

“Syria calls on the Arab people to be aware of the dangers of the expansionist ambitions of the Turkish regime which is spreading the killing and chaos in different parts of the Arab world from Syria to Libya and the Sudan and it will not stop till it will satisfy its illusions on reviving the Ottoman Sultanate,” the source said.

The Syrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs representative concluded by saying that “Syria calls on the international community and the UN to condemn the US-Turkish flagrant aggression which constitutes a dangerous escalation and poses a threat to peace and security in the region and the world and hinders all positive efforts for finding a solution to the crisis in Syria.”

All the major players involved in the proxy war in Syria, including Turkey, Russia, and Iran want the US to leave, except of course the US-backed Kudish SDF which are just a rebranding of the YPG.

US President Donald Trump has expressed interest multiple times in a swift troop withdrawal ,and to let the local regional players figure things out. However, the war hawks surrounding him in Washington, along with the Pentagon have derailed his plans since last December. They have stressed that US interests need to be protected by having a long-term presence in the oil-rich, agriculturally rich, breadbasket of Syria, to keep an eye on Iran while protecting their ally, Israel.

As I have stated previously establishing an independent Kurdish state in Syria is just part of the decades-long Israeli-American plan to weaken and divide all the nations neighboring Israel.

Although it might seem like Russia has been uncharacteristically quiet this week regarding the latest developments with Turkey and the US in north eastern Syria, Russia has consistently stood by the Syrian government’s right to protect its territorial integrity and sovereignty.

Whether its occupation and annexation by the Kurds or Turks, Kurdification or Turkification, the Syrian government and military categorically reject any infringement on their land, and have adamantly stated they will take back every inch of Syrian territory from terrorists or occupiers.

Source: InfoBrics

 

SYRIAN WAR REPORT – JULY 5, 2019: BRITISH MARINES SEIZED IRANIAN OIL TANKER

South Front

On July 4, a detachment of Royal Marines and the authorities in Gibraltar seized a supertanker suspected of carrying oil to Syria on the belief it was breaching EU sanctions. 30 Royal Marines from 42 Commando were involved in the operation targeting Grace 1 that had sailed from Iran. The operation was made upon request from the US and the UK. If the oil on board is confirmed to be Iranian, the tanker would also be violating a US ban on Iranian oil exports.

Later, Iran’s Foreign Ministry summoned the British ambassador in Tehran, Rob Macaire, over the incident describing it as an “illegal seizure”. Nonetheless, it’s unlikely that the tanker will be released soon. Such operations mark the start of a new round of pressure campaign on the government of the Bashar al-Assad as well as Iranian oil exports in the region.

On July 3 and July 4, a fighting broke out between the Turkish-backed militant group known as the National Syrian Army and joint forces of the Syrian Army and the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) near the town of Hazwan in northern Aleppo. Turkish-backed militants admitted that at least 2 of their fighters were killed.

The army and the YPG jointly control an area between Afrin and the eastern countryside of al-Bab. Some Russian Military Police units are also deployed in key positions there. Tensions at the contact line between this area and the Turkish-occupied part of Syria grow after every successful attack of Kurdish rebels on Turkish targets in Afrin.

Several senior commanders of the al-Qaeda-affiliated Turkistan Islamic Party (TIP) have inspected the frontlines with the Syrian Army in northwestern Hama. The TIP released photos of the visit on July 2. They faces of the commanders are blurred but they may have been Abu Rida al-Turkistani and Ibrahim Mansour, the top commanders of the TIP.

The interesting fact is that the visit took place in the area near to the Turkish military observation post in Shir Mughar. It confirms the freedom of movement that terrorist groups have under the nose of Turkish troops that allegedly deployed there to prevent such developments. Under the demilitarized zone agreement radicals like the TIP and Hayat Tahrir al-Sham have to be withdrawn from the contact line. Nonetheless, this has never happened.

SYRIAN WAR REPORT – APRIL 1, 2019: US SAYS SYRIAN ARMY MUST WITHDRAW FROM GOLAN HEIGHTS’ CONTACT LINE

SOUTH FRONT

01.04.2019

Over 50 ISIS members were eliminated by strikes of the US-led coalition in the outskirt of the town of al-Baghuz al-Fawqani in the Euphrates Valley over the past few days, local sources reported. The airstrikes were a part of the operation of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and the coalition in the area, which is ongoing despite a formal US statement declaring defeat over ISIS.

According to local sources, a notable number of ISIS members is still hiding in a network of caves and underground tunnels in the area.

Besides this, ISIS cells within the SDF-held area have recently carried out a series of attacks killing at least 10 SDF members near the town of Diban and in the area of the Omar oil fields, on the eastern bank of the Euphrates.

On March 28, General Commander of the SDF Ferhat Abdi Sahin claimed that the group, which includes the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) and their all-female faction, the Woman’s Protection Units (YPJ), had made a decision to capture the area of Afrin from Turkish forces.

“We are preparing and making arrangements in order to liberate Afrin … Because this is a military matter, everyone should know that when the time is suitable, the liberation phase will begin,” he said in an interview with Sterk TV.

Currently, the SDF has no land route to Afrin from northeastern Syria while YPG and YPJ control only a few positions to south and southeast of the area. Therefore, SDF statements regarding the military advance on Afrin should are just a political move designed in an attempt to buy support of the Syrian population. The group, which deeply relies on the foreign support to control northeastern Syria, is currently facing notable problems with the control over the Arab-populated areas seized from ISIS.

While the SDF has no real chances to capture Afrin itself, YPG and YPJ cells conduct attacks on Turkey-led forces on a regular basis. On March 31, a Turkish service member was killed and one was injured an attack by Kurdish rebels, according to Turkey’s Ministry of National Defense.

Following the announcement, the Turkish military artillery fired more than 100 shells at YPG positions in the towns of Tatmrsh and Shuargha. No casualties as a result of the shelling were reported.

The US-led coalition and its proxies from the so-called Revolutionary Commando Army continue to prevent evacuation of civilians from the Rukban refugee camp. They even held a live-fire drill involving High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems near the US garrison of al-Tanf located in the same area.

The situation in the Idlib de-escalation zone remains unchanged. The ceasefire regime is violated almost on a daily basis. Firefights and artillery dues are especially intense in northern Hama and southern Idlib.

On March 28, Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu came with a new statement claiming that his  country will continue working against Iranian presence in Syria. The statement shows that the Israeli military is set to continue its military campaign in Syria.

In own turn, the US did not limit its recent actions in support of Tel Aviv to recognizing the Golan Heights as Israeli territory. It also demanded the Syrian Arab Army (SAA) to withdraw from the separation line area established in the framework of the 1974 Disengagement Agreement. US-Israeli efforts to force the SAA to do so could easily turn the Golan Heights into a new hot point and fuel the Syrian conflict further.

RELATED NEWS

SYRIAN WAR REPORT – FEB. 19-20, 2019: TOP MILITANT COMMANDER IS IN COMA AFTER BLAST IN IDLIB

South Front

Hayat Tahrir al-Sham leader Abu Muhammad Al-Joulani received a shell fragment wound to the head in an explosion in Idlib city on February 18 and was evacuated to a hospital in Antakya in the Turkish province of Hatay, Russian state media reported on February 19 citing a Turkish medical source. According to the report, the terrorist group’s leader is in a coma.

Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (formerly Jabhat al-Nusra, the Syrian branch of al-Qaeda) has not commented on these claims so far. The terrorist organization is currently the most influential “opposition group” within the Idlib de-escalation zone. It controls about 80% of the area despite the fact that it’s formally excluded from the ceasefire regime.

If Abu Muhammad Al-Joulani is in fact severely injured, this may open an opportunity for Turkish proxies to reclaim at least a part of the area in the Idlib de-escalation zone from Hayat Tahrir al-Sham. Then, they would be able to continue pretending that there are still some moderate rebels in the area. This is in the interests of Ankara. Some experts already speculated that Turkey’s National Intelligence Organization may have staged this incident in an attempt to bring the situation in Idlib under its control.

In the countryside of Damacsus, pro-government forces seized a large number of weapons and ammunition, including hundreds of Grad rockets and a large number of US made anti-tank missiles and Israeli 128 mm rockets, in the framework of the ongoing security operation in the area.

On February 19, Israel’s Image Sat International company released a fresh satellite image showing positions of the Syrian military’s S-300 system in the area of Masyaf. According to the provided image and the company’s assessment, three of four S-300 launchers are “probably” operational.

Previous satellite images of Masyaf were released by the same company on February 5. This was the first image showing S-300 launchers in an upright position. Therefore, it was suggested that the Russia-supplied system was becoming operational.

While the ISIS-held pocket in the Euphrates Valley is still not fully eliminated, the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) have already started preparations for a new round of Syria standoff. Recently, the group released a new statement in which it:

  • claimed that it will work to eliminate existing ISIS cells;
  • described Turkey as an occupier, but declared readiness to resolve the issues with Ankara via negotiations;
  • said that it’s ready for the establishment of a safe area in northeastern Syria under “international supervision”;
  • said that it’s ready for negotiations with Damascus, but that the Syrian government should take into account the SDF’s specificity and recognize the “self-declared and effective autonomy in the northeast”;
  • and in which it vowed to recapture Afrin.

The content and working of the statement shows that the SDF is no longer expecting a rapid and inevitable US forces withdrawal from the war-torn country. So, it has once again hardened its stance towards other key players and started speaking in the language of ultimatums.

Related Videos

Related News

الأميركيون والروس عاجزون عن الجمع بين الترك والكرد؟

يناير 29, 2019

د. وفيق إبراهيم

اصطدمت مساعي الأميركيين في شمال سورية بحائط تركي مسدود يرفض أيّ دور للكرد في الشمال والشرق، لأنه بداية لمشروع الدولة الكردية المستقلة، التي تهدّد وحدة الكيان التركي نفسه كما يزعم.

في الإطار نفسه لم تتمكن روسيا من إقناع الرئيس التركي أردوغان بضرورة التخلي عن منظمة النصرة الإرهابية في محافظة ادلب وضواحي حلب وحماة.

هنا يتذرعُ «الرجب» بضرورة القضاء المسبق على المشروع الكردي ما يعني إرجاء أي حل للانتشار العسكري التركي في سورية الى المراحل النهائية من المفاوضات.

هذان الرفضان التركيان يهدّدان فعلياً المشروع الأميركي في الانسحاب من سورية والتنظيم المسبق للأدوات البديلة التي يريدها «البنتاغون» في منطقة تمتدّ من الحدود الشمالية حتى الجنوبية والشرقية مع العراق.

لم ترفض انقرة ما عرضه عليها المستشار الرئاسي الأميركي بولتون في زيارته الأخيرة لها، كان يحمل خارطة ملوّنة لمناطق الشمال والشرق السورية تبدأ بمنطقة حدودية من جرابلس حتى المالكية والقامشلي شرق العراق تشكل منطقة آمنة برعاية الجيش التركي وبعمق يتوغلُ ثلاثين كيلومتراً داخل سورية، على أن تليها منطقة للتحالف الدولي «العربي» تكون فاصلة بين النفوذ التركي الحدودي والكانتون الكردي الذي يُفترض أن يصل الى حدود العراق جنوباً وشرقاً وتنتصب على مقربة منه قاعدة التنف الأميركية التي قد تتراجع مئات الأمتار فقط بضغط روسي، لكنها تحافظ على مهمتها من داخل حدود العراق وهي عرقلة التعاون السوري – العراقي من طريق الانتقال البري.

روسيا بدورها عرضت على أردوغان الخروج من إدلب وعفرين مقابل ضمان تسوية سياسية للمشروع الكردي، مع حق الجيش التركي بملاحقة «اي معتدٍ» على أراضي بلاده بالتوغل حتى الـ 15 كيلومترات داخل الحدود السورية، وهذا ما تلحظه اتفاقية «اضنة» في 1998 حول ملاحقة الإرهابيين من حزب العمال الكردستاني بموافقة من الطرفين الموقعين سورية وتركيا.

لكن التطرّف العثماني الأردوغاني تشبث بمضامين اتفاق اضنة انما مع رفضه المطلق لضرب جبهة النصرة أو سحب قواته من محافظة إدلب ومنطقة عفرين مركزاً على أن هذا الأمر مرتبط بالحل النهائي للأزمة السورية، ما يكشف التلازم بين عدوانيته العسكرية وطموحات بلاده السياسية المصرّة على دور ملحوظ في المؤسسات السياسية السورية الجديدة من خلال الاخوان المسلمين والتركمان السوريين وما تسميه «معارضة معتدلة» تتنقل بين أنقرة وتل أبيب وتدعو الى مصالحة وتطبيع كاملين مع الكيان الغاصب.

هذا الرفض التركي فرض على روسيا الإعلان الصريح بأن أنقرة لا تلتزم كلياً باتفاق إدلب الناتج عن مؤتمرات آستانا التي تجمع روسيا وتركيا مع إيران، ويجنحُ موقف موسكو الى المزيد من رفض هذا الدور التركي المفضوح الذي يريد الاستفادة من كل عناصر الأزمة السورية، فيأخذ من الأميركيين شيئاً ولا ينسى «دغدغة» الروس مستعملاً أهمية بلاده في سورية فيتدلّع لمزيد من الابتزاز.

اما مع إيران فيؤدي أردوغان دور الحريص عليها من الهجوم الغربي الأميركي الخليجي الذي يستهدفها محاولاً شراء صمتها في الميدانين السوري والعراقي.

ويواصل الأتراك استعمال منظمات الإرهاب متخلّين عن داعش المهزومة لمصلحة «النصرة» التي انتشرت بالقوة العسكرية في مناطق كانت تديرها منظمات موالية لتركيا تحت نظر ورعاية المخابرات التركية والوحدات العسكرية والأقمار الاصطناعية الأميركية والتحالف الدولي.

اما مظاهر الازمة بين كل من روسيا وأميركا مع الاتراك فواضحة في الإعلان الروسي عن هذا الخلاف وتوقف العروض الأميركية التي كانت تتهافت على اردوغان الى جانب اشتباكات اندلعت في محافظة دهوك الكردية العراقية بين متظاهرين أكراد هاجموا معسكراً تركياً في منطقة شيلادزي احتجاجاً على قصف الطيران التركي لمناطق أكراد العراق في المنطقة، للإشارة فإن المتظاهرين الذين سقط منهم قتلى وجرحى اجتاحوا المعسكر ودمّروه، علماً ان هناك قاعدة أميركية في المنطقة نفسها كانت تتابع ما يجري باهتمام وصولاً الى حدود التشجيع.

يدلّ هذا الخلاف على صعوبتين غير مستحيلتين: الانسحاب الأميركي السريع من شرق سورية وبداية التعثر في أدوار مؤتمر استانا.

لكن البديل عنهما ليس بعيداً وبإمكانه رعاية انسحاب أميركي سريع وتطوير للدور الروسي في آن معاً، هذا ما لاحظته موسكو وتعمل على إقراره، إنما وسط استياء أميركي واضح، لقد اعتبر الروس أن ما يضمن ضبط المشروع الكردي هو الدولة السورية القادرة على احتواء المطالب الذاتية في مناطقهم في «بعض» الشرق وقسم من الشمال مع حقهم باستعمال لغتهم الكردية الأم الى جانب العربية في الإدارات والتعليم. وفي هذا الصدد هناك مفاوضات تبدأ في اليومين المقبلين بين الطرفين للتوصل الى اتفاق نهائي بإمكانه خفض منسوب التوتر الكردي عند الترك. هذا إذا كان الأمر صحيحاً، أما لجهة اتفاق «اضنة» فأنقرة هي التي دمّرته، بفتح حدودها لمئة ألف إرهابي دخلوا سورية ودمّروها برعاية المخابرات العالمية منذ 2012، لذلك تعرض دمشق انتشار جيشها في المناطق الحدودية بشكل يضمن أمن سورية وتركيا على السواء، وقد ترضى بشكل مؤقت بنشر قوات روسية إذا شعر الأتراك بحاجتهم اليها في هذا الوقت بالذات للمزيد من الاطمئنان.

الدولة السورية اذاً هي الحل لكل من تركيا والكرد وروسيا وإيران، لكن الفريق الأميركي الاسرائيلي وبعض العربان يرون أن الاستمرار في إنهاك سورية «فرصة» لتجديد الهيمنة الأميركية في المنطقة وهؤلاء حالمون لأن الزمن لا يعود الى الوراء ودمشق تجتاز الأميال الأخيرة في رحلة الألف ميل التي اثبتت ان سورية المستقرة القادرة حاجة استراتيجية لكامل منطقة الشرق الاوسط.

Related Videos

Related Articles

%d bloggers like this: