لماذا تعرقل السعودية تشكيل الحكومة اللبنانية؟

يونيو 19, 2018

ناصر قنديل

– عندما يقول النائب السابق والقيادي في تيار المستقبل مصطفى علوش «إذا كانت أيّ جهة تشكّ في أنّ الجهة الأخرى التي هي شريكة في الحكومة تقوم بالتأخير لأسباب إقليمية، فلتقُم هي بالتسهيلات اللازمة من قِبَلها لتأليف الحكومة الجديدة من خلال التخلّي أو التنازل عما يراه هو أنّه حقّه الطبيعي». فهو يقطع الشك باليقين بأنّ تياره يقوم بالتأخير لأسباب إقليمية طالباً من الطرف الآخر، والمقصود بوضوح هو رئيس الجمهورية، الشريك الدستوري لرئيس الحكومة في تشكيل الحكومة، بأن يقدّم التنازلات طالما هو مستعجل لتشكيل الحكومة، كما يقول علوش في مورد آخر من كلام مكتوب له لحساب وكالة «أخبار اليوم» جرى انتقاء كلماته بعناية لتشكل رسالة واضحة، حيث قال «على الجهات التي تشعر أنّها مضغوطة في مسألة تشكيل الحكومة وتُنادي بضرورة تشكيلها في أسرع وقت، وترى أنّ الظروف الإقليمية والمحلية ضاغطة»، أن «تقدّم التنازلات الكافية من قِبَلها بهدف تسهيل تشكيل الحكومة». والعهد الذي يمضي عمره الافتراضي بانتظار حكومته الأولى أكثر المستعجلين طبعاً.

– المعادلة الشيطانية التي يرسمها علوش تقول، لن تولد الحكومة من دون أن تقدّموا تنازلات، ولتتهمونا ما شئتم بالتعطيل لأسباب إقليمية، فلن نسرّع الوتيرة من دون قبض الثمن. والمستعجل يدفع الثمن، ولسنا بمستعجلين. وهذه قمة الابتزاز والتنكر لمفهوم المصلحة الوطنية التي يفترض أن يحتكم إليها الرئيس المكلّف وفريقه قبل الآخرين في حمل أمانة التشكيل. والمطالب التعطيلية واضحة كلها في خانة فريق رئيس الحكومة المعقودة قيادته للسعودية. وهو كما وصفه رئيس القوات اللبنانية سمير جعجع يضمّ حلفاء يتباينون في التفاصيل، لكنهم لا زالوا مخلصين لما جمعهم في الرابع عشر من آذار من عداء لسورية ورئيسها من جهة، ولعداوة يبطنها كلّ منهم بجمل مختلفة لعدم التعايش مع سلاح المقاومة، وهذا هو جوهر الموقف الأميركي السعودي في لبنان، العداء للمقاومة وسورية، والتناوب في العداء فنّ ومناورة حسب المقتضيات، لا يغيّر من حقيقة العداء شيئاً.

– توزع الفريق الذي يضمّ المستقبل والقوات والاشتراكي والكتائب، ليصير أربعة فرق مختلفة، لأنّ بقاءه رسمياً فريقاً واحداً سيجعله أسير حجمه الفعلي. وهو مساوٍ لحجم خصمه السياسي الممثل بقوى الثامن من آذار التي تجمعها على تفرّقها أيضاً، روح واحدة، جوهرها الحلف مع سورية وحماية سلاح المقاومة. والقضية لا زالت هي هي محورها القرار 1559، المتصل بفصل لبنان عن سورية ونزع سلاح المقاومة. والسعي السعودي واضح بتفريق جمع الرابع عشر من آذار، وهو نيل حصة حكومية من 16 وزيراً لقاء 47 نائباً، أيّ أكثر من نصف الحكومة مقابل ثلث البرلمان، وتمثيل قوى الثامن من آذار والتيار الوطني الحر ورئيس الجمهورية، مقابل 74 نائباً بأقلّ من نصف الحكومة. والمعادلة كما يلي، يتمسك تيار المستقبل بكامل تمثيل طائفته بستة وزراء ومعها حصة لرئيس الحكومة من وزيرين، ويتمسّك الحزب التقدمي الاشتراكي بكامل حصة طائفته من ثلاثة وزراء، وتتمسّك القوات اللبنانية بضعف حصتها السابقة فتصير ستة وزراء، وإذا تمثل حزب الكتائب فله وزير ويصير الجمع ثمانية عشر وزيراً، فيتنازل رئيس الحكومة عن وزير من طائفته مقابل وزير مسيحي لأحد مستشاريه، ويصرف النظر عن توزير الكتائب مقابل صرف النظر عن تمثيل سواه من الثامن من آذار، وتتنازل القوات عن وزير وترضى بخمسة، وتصير حصة الرابع عشر من آذار نصف الحكومة، ولرئيس الجمهورية والتيار الوطني الحر والثامن من آذار مجتمعين مقابل 74 نائباً نصف الحكومة الآخر، منها ثمانية للتيار ورئيس الجمهورية، وسبعة للثامن من آذار كناية عن ستة وزراء شيعة ووزير لتيار المردة. وهذا هو المعروض اليوم في صيغة رئيس الحكومة، أن ترتضي قوى الثامن من آذار تمثيلاً يعادل نصف تمثيل الرابع عشر من آذار مقابل حجم نيابي واحد 45 – 47 ، وأن يرضى رئيس الجمهورية والتيار الوطني الحر بنصف الحكومة لقوى الرابع عشر من آذار، وإلا فعلى المستعجِل ومن يتّهم شريكه بالتعطيل لأسباب إقليمية أن يقدم التنازلات.

– لو كانت السعودية مستعجلة لتشكيل الحكومة لما كان هذا الدلع الوزاري، وهذا التصعيد الخطابي المتعمّد بعد عودة رئيس الحزب التقدمي الاشتراكي من السعودية ضدّ رئيس الجمهورية، ولرأينا التسهيل الذي شهدناه مع استبدال الرئيس سعد الحريري بالرئيس تمام سلام ومعه تنازلات في التشكيل، كان بينها القبول بتوزير نهاد المشنوق للداخلية بدلاً من أشرف ريفي يومها استرضاء للثامن من آذار، واستبعاداً لمن يرفع سقوفه، كما كان حال القوات يومها، ومثلها الكثير من حواضر تلك الحكومة التي أريدَ لها أن تولد لرعاية فراغ رئاسي مديد يظلّل الفيتو السعودي على وصول العماد ميشال عون لرئاسة الجمهورية، وتحمي تمديداً تلو التمديد للمجلس النيابي الذي تملك فيه السعودية وقواها أكثرية نيابية منعاً لولادة مجلس جديد ولد اليوم، ويُراد تعطيل مفاعيل ولادته بتمديد غير معلن، عبر تشكيل حكومة تنتمي للمجلس الذي انتهت ولايته وصار من الماضي، وما التمديد إلا كأن الانتخابات لم تتمّ.

– خسرت السعودية لعبتها في السابق في اليمن مع انقلاب الرئيس السابق علي عبد الله صالح، وتخسرها اليوم في حرب الحُديدة، وخسرت رهانها على انقلاب السيد مقتدى الصدر في العراق قبل أن تكتمل فرحتها به، وتكتمل استعانة الرئيس الحريري به في الردّ على الجنرال قاسم سليماني، وما بقي إلا لبنان، يصلح رهينة تتخذها السعودية، في لعبة المنطقة، وفق معادلة تعطونا الأغلبية الحكومية لنعطل عودة النازحين السوريين، أو فلا حكومة تضمن عودتهم، فكما في بداية الحرب على سورية، حجزُ الدور السعودي في المنطقة يبدأ من سورية وحجز الدور السعودي في سورية يبدأ من لبنان، وكلمة السر في الحالتين جنبلاطية. وقد قال النائب السابق وليد جنبلاط يومها، إنّ جبهة النصرة ممثل شرعي للشعب السوري، وتستحقّ منحها «عرسال لاند»، كما منحت فتح كممثل للشعب الفلسطيني «فتح لاند». وهو يقول اليوم إنّ القضية هي سورية وعودة النازحين، بالفم الملآن، يصبح العهد ناجحاً إذا قبل الخطة الأممية بتمويل سعودي لإبقاء النازحين السوريين بانتظار الانتخابات السورية بعد أعوام، ويصير فاشلاً إذا أصرّ على عودتهم، والمعيار الحصص التي تنالها السعودية في الحكومة الجديدة أو لا حكومة، وعلى المستعجِل أن يدفع ثمن العجلة.

– أن تجري انتخابات يعني أن تُعتبر الحكومة مستقيلة حكماً، ليس لترف دستوري، بل لاستيلاد حكومة تعبّر عما يريده الشعب، وفقاً لتصويته الانتخابي ونتائج الانتخابات. والنتائج تقول إنّ حكومة ثلاثينية يكون الحاصل النيابي اللازم للمشاركة فيها بعد حسم حصة لرئيس الجمهورية تعادل ثلاثة وزراء هي 4,75 نائب، وبدون حصة لرئيس الجمهورية هي 4,25 نائب، وبالتالي مقابل كلّ تسعة إلى عشرة نواب عملياً وزيران. وهذا يعني نيل تيار المستقبل أربعة إلى خمسة وزراء، ونيل القوات ثلاثة إلى أربعة وزراء، ونيل الاشتراكي إثنين، ونيل ثنائي أمل وحزب الله ستة، وتكتل التيار الوطني الحر ستة، ومستقلو وحزبيو الثامن من آذار من خارج أمل وحزب الله ثلاثة إلى أربعة وزراء، والمستقلون يمثلهم الرئيس نجيب ميقاتي وزيراً واحداً، وإذا اعتمدنا الحاصل الأدنى للتمثيل والحصة الأعلى لكلّ طرف يبقى أربعة وزراء يتفاهم عليهم رئيس الجمهورية ورئيس الحكومة ويتفقان على تسميتهم حصة رئيس الجمهورية أو حصة الرئيسين أو يتقاسمان التسمية فيهما بنسب ترجّح فيها كفة رئيس الجمهورية بطبيعة الحال.

– إنْ أردتم حكومة منصفة فالطريق سهلة وواضحة، وإنْ أردتم الابتزاز بفيتو سعودي يشبه الفيتو الذي تسبّب بالفراغ الرئاسي قبل أن تقبلوا بالعماد عون رئيساً، فعليكم الانتظار كما فعلتم من قبل، وستقبلون لكن بعد أن يضيع من عمر لبنان واللبنانيين على أيديكم تمديد تلو تمديد. وللتمديد الرئاسي مع كلّ وقت ضائع من عمر العهد حكاية أخرى تعلمونها ولا نريدها، فلا تفتحوا الأبواب المغلقة.

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واشنطن تقاتل بلا أمل على خمس جبهات

يونيو 20, 2018

ناصر قنديل

– لا يمكن توهّم المعارك التي تشهدها سياسياً وعسكرياً مناطق التوتر والتصعيد الكبرى في العالم كمناطق منعزلة بعضها عن البعض الآخر، بينما على كل من هذه الجبهات توجد واشنطن مباشرة بقواتها أو بدبلوماسييها، أو غير مباشرة عبر حلفاء يقاتلون لحسابها أو لحسابهم وحسابها معاً، بصورة لا تنكر واشنطن صلتها بما يجري، بل بإعلان أميركي واضح عن المسؤولية المباشرة في قيادة المواجهات، تستوي في ذلك معارك التفاوض حول الملفين النوويين لكوريا الشمالية وإيران، وحرب الجنوب والشمال في سورية، وحرب الحدود والوجود في العراق، وحرب اليمن، تشكيل الحكومة في لبنان.

– في الجبهات النووية ترابط لا مفرّ منه، فما تلتزم به واشنطن لبيونغ يانغ يطرح سؤالاً مباشراً، وماذا لو خرجت من التزاماتها كما حدث مع إيران؟ وما تريده واشنطن من عقوبات على إيران لجلبها مجدداً للتفاوض يستدعي التزام أوروبا بالعقوبات، والالتزام الأوروبي يعني ذهاب إيران نحو التخصيب المرتفع وامتلاك مخزون كافٍ لتصنيع قنبلة نووية لا تريد واشنطن مواجهة مخاطرها، ولا تملك في مواجهتها بدائل جاهزة. ومع كوريا ترغب واشنطن بالثنائية دون دور للصين وروسيا، لكنها لا تستطيع تفادي ترجمة إخلاء بالسلاح النووي من شبه الجزيرة بنقل السلاح النووي الكوري الشمالي إلى روسيا والصين، وثمن الاستضافة شراكة، وثمن الشراكة إخلاء صواريخ الثاد من كوريا الجنوبية وفقدان مهابة الأميركي المنتصر.

– في سورية تقاتل أميركا للاحتفاظ بقدرتها على التحكم بالحدود السورية العراقية. وهي لا تريد نصراً عسكرياً سورياً خالصاً في الجنوب ينتهي بوجود إيران وحزب الله على مقربة من حدود الجولان. وقد تعهدت لـ«إسرائيل» بتوظيف وجودها في قاعدة التنف لمقايضة هذا الوجود بامتناع إيران وحزب الله من الانتشار جنوباً، فتقصف الحشد الشعبي لضمان تقدّم ميليشات مدعومة منها لاحتلال مواقع في الحدود وتفشل، وتتنصل، وتحاول تحسين شروط التسوية الجنوبية لنقل قاعدة التنف إلى معبر الوحيد، فتلاقي الرفض. وتتقدم الوحدات العسكرية السورية إيذاناً ببدء المعركة وإعلان فشل التفاوض فتسارع واشنطن لتحريك مندوبيها للتواصل مع موسكو تسريعاً للمحادثات.

– في العراق واشنطن تريد الحدود وتريد ضمان بقاء الوجود، وتدرك أن الانتخابات التي راهنت على نتائجها تنزلق من بين أيديها، وأن ما ظنّته ربحاً يتحوّل خسارة. فالتكتلان النيابيان اللذان يجتمعان لتشكيل نواة تحالف حكومي جديد، يلتزمان بالانسحاب الأميركي من العراق، وبسلاح الحشد الشعبي، ويثبت أن الرهان السعودي على تموضع السيد مقتدى الصدر قد خاب، وأن الشرط الذي وضعه الأميركيون للتسهيل وهو ضمان عودة رئيس الحكومة حيدر العبادي لتشكيل الحكومة الجديدة قد يتسبّب بإنهاء مسيرة العبادي سياسياً وإبقائه خارج التحالف الحكومي. وربما ينتهي التكتل الذي يقوده إلى التفكك، وعندما تضغط واشنطن على الحشد الشعبي عسكرياً في الحدود مع سورية، تنفتح عليها مخاطر مواجهة قواتها في العراق لعمليات الانتقام، فتتنصل من الهجوم وتحيله على «إسرائيل». وتدور اللعبة في حلقة مقفلة لا مفرّ من الخيبة فيها.

– في اليمن حرب وضعت السعودية والإمارات ثقلهما المالي والسياسي والعسكري للفوز بحلقتها الحاسمة في السيطرة على مدينة الحُدَيْدة ومطارها ومينائها على البحر الأحمر. وبعد أسابيع رمى حلفاء واشنطن بكل ما بين أيديهم في المحرقة، وأعلنوا النصر الكبير، لكن الساعات التالية تكشّفت عن خسائر لا تُحصى وعن فخاخٍ وحصارٍ، وعودة أنصار الله واللجان الشعبية للإمساك بزمام المبادرة ومعارك كر وفر لم تنته، والحصيلة خسائر فادحة دون إنجاز ثابت، وعجز عن التمركز حتى ولو لالتقاط صورة تذكارية أمام لافتة المطار أو بث مباشر من إحدى قاعاته التي تمّ الإعلان عن سقوطها تحت سيطرة المهاجمين من الصباح الباكر. بينما يبثّ أنصار الله صور القتلى بالعشرات والآليات المحروقة للمهاجمين وفيديوات حية للمعارك التي خاضها مقاتلو اللجان والجيش، وبعدما ينجلي غبار المعارك ستكون الخيبة الكبرى للأميركيين يمنية.

– في لبنان حيث المعادلة واضحة بفوز نيابي لحماة سلاح المقاومة، محاولة تمييع وتلاعب بقواعد تشكيل الحكومة، ووضع سقوف تتيح السيطرة عليها بالاحتيال، لمنع تحقيق الحلقة الأولى من برنامج رئيس الجمهورية بالتعاون مع الحكومة السورية لبدء عودة النازحين، وإلا بقاء البلد بلا حكومة طالما النتيجة الأولى لها هي بدء عودة النازحين بمعزل عن الإرادة الغربية باستعمال هذه الورقة للضغط التفاوضي في سورية، لكن أوروبا تتخوّف من أن يتحوّل الفشل في تشكيل حكومة سريعاً إلى سبب لفوضى تبدأ معها عفوياً أو بصورة مبرمجة حركتان للنازحين، واحدة نحو سورية بتعاون أمني لبناني سوري لا ينتظر تشكيل الحكومة، وثانية نحو أوروبا بغضّ نظر أو تشجيع لبناني، فيعكس سيف التعطيل الحكومي الأهداف منه.

– العناد الأميركي سيضيّع فرص تسويات يمكن تجرّع خسائرها، وربما يضع واشنطن وحلفاءها أمام خسائر يصعب تحملها، وبديلها مواجهة أصعب. وليس في واشنطن ولا بين حلفائها عاقل ينصح بعدم تضييع الفرص، فزمن التحكم بالأقدار قد ولّى.

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يونيو 18, 2018

ناصر قنديل

– في أحيان نادرة وفي لحظات مفصلية يتصرف التاريخ وتتحرّك الجغرافيا لتصويب مسارات خاطئة من تلقائهما، وتبدو عملية التصحيح إنصافاً لحقائق وتصويباً لوقائع، أوحت للحظة أنها التعبير الأقرب عن الواقع. ولعل هذا ما حدث مع الكلام الذي قاله رئيس الحكومة اللبنانية سعد الحريري عما وصفه بتعويض فشل الجنرال قاسم سليماني في العراق ومحاولته التعويض بمزاعم نصر في لبنان، تعليقاً على كلام لسليماني عن الانتصار الانتخابي لحزب الله في لبنان. ومثله الكلام الأميركي تعقيباً على مفعول العقوبات على حزب الله، بالدعوة لرؤية ما سيحلّ بمن وصفوها بالميليشيات الإيرانية في اليمن لمعرفة ما ينتظرهم بعد العقوبات. في إشارة لهجوم سعودي إماراتي أميركي غير مسبوق يستهدف مدينة الحديدة على ساحل البحر الأحمر، ومينائها الاستراتيجي.

– بالطبع ليس الموضوع هو ما قاله الجنرال سليماني، والواضح أنه كلام عن نتائج الانتخابات بهدف قراءة سياسية لها، بعد حدوثها وليس كلاماً عن تدخل فيها، ومضمونه أنّ سلاح حزب الله الذي كان مستهدفاً في هذه الانتخابات بات محصّناً بأغلبية نيابية تحميه، حتى لو كانت التعبيرات والصياغات تحمل ما يناسب المكان الذي يتحدّث فيه سليماني والحضور الذي يستمع إليه. لكن كلام الحريري عن العراق كان واضحاً لجهة اعتبار نتائج الانتخابات هناك قد حملت فشلاً ذريعاً لإيران التي يمثلها الجنرال سليماني في التنسيق مع حكومتها وأحزابها. وقد كان عنوان هذا التنسيق في مرحلة المواجهة مع خطر داعش، وما قصده الحريري بالتحديد، ومعه الإعلام السعودي خلال ما بعد الانتخابات، هو التموضع الذي اتخذه السيد مقتدى الصدر وحجم ما ناله في الانتخابات، ليصير بنظرهم رأس الحربة بوجه إيران وحلفائها، خصوصاً تحالف الحشد الشعبي. وقبل أن يجفّ حبر كلام الحريري، كان السيد مقتدى الصدر يعلن التحالف مع تحالف الحشد الشعبي لتشكيل الحكومة الجديدة، ويتحوّل هدفاً لرمايات إعلامية سعودية بصفته خائن للتعهدات. وما زاد الطين بلة الربط السعودي بين تموضع الصدر الأجدّ من الجديد، وبين رسالة قيل إنه تلقاها من الجنرال قاسم سليماني.

– بالمقابل ليس الموضوع قبول الوصف الذي يطلقه الأميركيون والسعوديون على أنصار الله وحلفائهم في اليمن، ولا قبول توصيف مواجهة الحديدة التي خاضوها وحدهم، وكأنها إنجاز لحزب الله رداً على التهديدات بالعقوبات وما يليها، لكن الموضوع هو أنه كما لم يتسن للأميركيين والسعودية الاحتفال بفرحة لم تكتمل في العراق، أصابهم الشيء ذاته مع هجوم الحديدة في اليمن. وقد رصدوا لكل من الحدثين أقسى ما لديهما، وربطا بهما مستقبل مواجهات المنطقة. وكما بدا لفترة غير قصيرة أن السيد الصدر سيكون عنوان مواجهة مع قوى المقاومة في العراق بدا أن هجوم الحديدة في ظروف حرب اليمن وتاريخها ووقائعها الجغرافية مؤهل لإحداث اختراق نوعي في الجبهة الساحلية، قبل أن تنكشف الساعات الثماني والأربعين التي سادها التشويش، عن هزيمة قاسية تصيب المهاجمين بعدما لجأ أنصار الله إلى احتواء الهجوم، وفتح الباب للمهاجمين نحو فخ محكم نصبوه لهم، ويفتحون عليهم النار من كل نوع وصوب. وتكون النتيجة تراجع قوى الحرب عن التبشير بدخول المطار إلى الحديث عن سيطرة نارية ومعارك لم تحسم، بينما يبث أنصار الله الفيديوهات المباشرة من ساحات المطار وقاعاته ما يؤكد بقاءه تحت سيطرتهم النارية والفعلية.

– ترتسم آخر صور المشهد في المنطقة في الحلقتين اللتين اعتبرتهما واشنطن وحلفاؤها حديقتين خلفيتين، يمكن ترتيب الهجوم المعاكس فيهما، هجوم سياسي في العراق وهجوم عسكري في اليمن، لتصاب واشنطن ومَن معها بالخيبة فيهما، وتبدو يد محور المقاومة كما هي في لبنان وسورية، هي العليا، ويصير العناد بلا جدوى، وتصير المكابرة مجرد تكذيب للصورة ونفي للوقائع الثابتة، وإنكاراً يثير السخرية، وبالتأكيد بعد الحدثين العراقي واليمني لن يحتاج سليماني ولا نصرالله لردّ، ففي العراق ولبنان أغلبية نيابية تحرس السلاح وتحميه، وفي اليمن رجال يحرسون الانتصار ويدافعون عنه.

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Hassan Nasrallah on Israeli Warmongering & US Sanctions: Hezbollah Stronger than Ever, Resistance Not For Sale

June 10, 2018

Speech of Hezbollah Secretary General Sayed Hassan Nasrallah on May 25, 2018, on the occasion of the commemoration of the 18th anniversary of the Liberation of Lebanon.
Translation: unz.com/sayedhasan
Videos here
Transcript:
In Any Upcoming War, Hezbollah will Surely Defeat Israel […] Despite all the intimidation, all the threats, all the blockades, (despite the inscriptions on the) lists of terrorist organizations, the (campaigns of) defamation, all these efforts (to weaken Hezbollah and diminish its popularity in Lebanon) have been in vain. Therefore, we have a community, a people who, prior to 2000, were worthy of victory, and that is why God granted us victory (on May 25, 2000), and He gave us the victory of 2006, and we remain, by the grace of God, the strongest and the most glorious, because we are worthy of it.

Myself, personally, when I talk about the future … Of course, we always say that we do not rush to war, but we do not fear it. The (Israeli) enemy is always threatening, promising, erupting, (trying to) terrorize us, but when we talk about the possibility of a war (against Israel) – may God take this perspective away from this country and this region –, whether during internal meetings or other, I speak of our victory with certainty, because God, with whom we were and with whom we still are, stands by our side. He never left us nor abandoned us, because our people, our community, our Resistance, are there and are worthy to be granted victory by God, the Most High and the Exalted. This is the fundamental point of strength on which we base ourselves and rely. […]

Resistance in Lebanon and Palestine Not For Sale

(First, the US are exerting) pressure on our popular base to punish it (for its support for Hezbollah), psychological, moral, financial, economic pressures, meant to dislocate, reduce and weaken it.

Second, (there is pressure on) our friends and allies to scare them and induce them to distance themselves (from us), because of fears (of sanctions).Third, and this is the fundamental and most important goal, (these sanctions are intended to) cut our funding sources, what they refer to as the drying up of the funding sources of Hezbollah, of the Resistance in Lebanon and of the Resistance movements in the region. But this is not something new, they work at it since 1990. We are on the list of terrorist organizations since the 1990s. It is in order to dry our funding sources that continuous pressure is exerted against the Islamic Republic of Iran, which is our main support. And that is a mark of honor for the Islamic Republic of Iran, this gives it a high rank and status.

Today, what is the US problem with Iran? You’ve seen the 12 demands of the US Secretary of State (Mike Pompeo) for them to reconsider their relations with Iran. Among the 12 demands… What do they really want from Iran? That it becomes a weak country, without missiles, without civil nuclear power, excluded of the Middle East’s (issues), that takes no responsibilities and has no involvment nor influence at the regional level, that it becomes, like many countries, an enslaved country. That if (Washington) requires (Iran) 100 billion, they would pay it cash. If (Washington) wants to appoint or depose a President, a King or a Prince, (Iran) would comply at once. That’s what they want from Iran. That’s what they did in Iran at the time of the Shah.

Anyway, among the US demands, there is cessation of support to Resistance movements that (Washington) characterizes as terrorist. And (Pompeo) mentioned Hezbollah and Palestinian Resistance movements. Thus, one reason of these pressures against Iran is that it assumes (the responsibility of Resistance to Israel).

Likewise, (the sanctions) are pressuring any contributor or benefactor who can bring money or donations to this Resistance, its organizations, its (families of) martyrs, its wounded, its orphans, its Resistants, its infrastructure, its capacity… This is their goal (to dry any financial support for Hezbollah).

This is part of the struggle. I do not mean just to describe its aspects, but also to determine our responsibility (against these measures). They are part of the confrontation, of the current battle. And we, psychologically, have to understand (the goals of) our enemy and realize that this is part of the current struggle.

It goes without saying that when the Resistance in Lebanon stood since 1982 and proclaimed its rejection of continued Israeli occupation of Lebanon –which is also a US occupation–, its rejection of the American-Zionist project in Lebanon, either as an occupation, or the imposition of political control, policy management or peace agreements with the enemy… (When) we reject this and struggle, fight and sacrifice, and inflict a defeat on this enemy… When Israel is the primary project for the United States and its military forward base in the region, and that you cross their path, confront them and defeat the army (reputed) invincible, when you humble and expel it from your territory, humiliated, defeated, running (for their lives)… When you cause a strategic turning point in the Arab-Israeli struggle because of what happened in 2000, with its repercussions inside occupied Palestine and the launch of the Intifada… When you are responsible for a huge cultural transformation in the region… When you face the American project, as happened again in 2006, the new Middle East project which, according to Condoleeza Rice, was being born before our eyes… When you raise against the US-Israeli projects and contribute to their collapse –I do not pretend that we have ruined them alone, but we helped to make them fall to some extent, according to places, battlefields and countries… When you are a force that denies US and Israeli hegemony over Palestine, in Lebanon and the countries of the region… When you are a force demanding your rights to sovereignty, authentic sovereignty, not sovereignty as a slogan (devoid of reality)… Every day, the Israeli enemy violates our airspace. Yesterday, it hit Syria from Lebanese skies. Where are the (pseudo) sovereignists? (I mean genuine) sovereignty! When you are a force that demands and truly work for the sovereignty, freedom, liberation (of your territory), for its independent decision, not submitting to the United States or anyone else in this world, (when you claim) that the people of each country is sovereign at home, and must take decisions by its own in his country… When you do not allow neither the US nor Israel to put their hands over a (single) inch of your territory at the border, or one (single) cubic meter of your (territorial) waters, or a (single) drop of your oil, it is natural that this enemy will see the threat (you represent for him), for its projects, for its hegemony, for its interests, (because you are) a force that defends your people, your nation and your Community and it will not sit idle in front of you. It will (try to) fight you, kill you, launch wars against you, it will plot against you, etc., etc., etc. Then from there, it will submit you to an economic and financial blockade, (put you on) the list of terrorist organizations, dry your funding sources, etc. So that’s (a full) part of the struggle.
And those of our brothers, among our noble families, merchants, businesses, organizations, associations, affected by (the sanctions), they must consider the damage as part of the struggle. This is exactly the same as for the family that offers a martyr, who has an injured or a partial or total paralysis, who sees their house bombed during the war and who ends up in a camp. In the same way, this is part of the sacrifices required by this battle, and those affected and disabled (by sanctions and inscription on the list of terrorist organizations) must consider this damage, firstly at the personal and psychological level, as part of the sacrifices (required), we have to consider this as part of the sacrifices on the path (of Resistance) that we took, we must consider that this is part of the battle and face it.How to cope with it? In order to face (these measures), the essential point, as we have said in some (previous) battles, is to defeat the purpose (of sanctions). We cannot respond to these inscriptions on the list of terrorist organizations (and the resulting sanctions) by similar measures, because we have neither banks nor US currency, nor do we exchange dollar, euro or any such thing. But we have to frustrate their purpose. What is it? Their goal is to shake our resolve, the determination of our people and our popular base. They want to engage our will, our determination and our resolve, our perseverance and persistence on this path, on this line and on this position. As long as we remain resolute, determined and steadfast, (their sanctions) have no weight. And may God make the best out of it.

True, there will be damage, we will suffer losses, but this is part of the required sacrifices, like the martyrs, the wounded, demolished homes and factories that were destroyed during the war. After that, God the Almighty and the Exalted compensated, international assistance helped rebuild, the State assumed its share of responsibility, we took our responsibility, but it’s part of the path (of Resistance we chose).

So far, the experience showed (our enemies) that death, murder, wars, massacres, destruction, refugees, and all that was inflicted on us, to us and to our people in Lebanon, in no way diminished our commitment, our resolve and our determination. And therefore, now, I say that these measures will lead to no result. They do not delay nor accelerate anything. They cause damage, this is natural. As I said, it’s like all the other sacrifices: when a martyr falls, the father, mother and wife are grieving, the woman becomes a widow, the mother becomes *** (word untranslatable designating the mother who lost her child), children become orphans. We are human beings, we have feelings, but it’s part of the struggle. We endure, we rely on it to go ahead, and we shape victories over these losses. We do not stop, we are not scared, we are not afraid.

Now I want to return to the point that I mentioned at the beginning, I said I would come back to it. Before 2000, the capacities of the Resistance were very modest. And now it is true that the capacities of the Resistance are very large, and it needs money, no doubt. But in the worst case, in the worst case, say this inscription on the list of terrorist organizations and financial and economic siege manage to cut a large portion of that money, or even all of the money. I declare to the US, its allies in the region and the Israeli enemy: you are very wrong in understanding the Resistance and the people.

Wherein lies this error? It stems from their culture. It is that they see their friends (allies) and the people in general as mercenaries. Every man, every individual, for the United States and its allies or instruments, is not considered a man. They consider them, as we joked before, like an S with two bars (dollar sign). Money. How much are you worth? How much do we have to pay to buy your voice (in elections)? $ 100? $ 1,000? $ 3,000? Or is it that (on the contrary), your voice is not for sale? Can your position be reversed with money, with suitcases (full of banknotes)? If one brings you suitcases, will you move from one position to another? Or is it that (on the contrary), your position cannot be bought, it’s not for sale? They see the world only through the prism of money. They do not believe in principles. If they are told that such people are people of principle, patriots, they will ask you to explain the meaning of “principle”, “patriot”, “humanity”. (They are unaware of and unable to understand) these concepts, they have no existence for them. What matters for them is the work, money, weapons trade, how much money you have, how many yachts, how many banks, how much is your oil, how much credit you have in the banks, etc. This is your value. Your value is not your good deeds, as the prophetic tradition says: “The value of a man lies in his good deeds.” Your value is the balance of your bank account.

Their mistake is to consider the Resistance as mercenaries of Iran, for example. Since Iran gives money (to Hezbollah), just like Syria, they believe that we are mercenaries, that we are fighting as mercenaries, and that if they deprive us of our money, we will stop fighting and change our position. This is their fundamental error.
This Resistance in Lebanon, Palestine and the region, those people who demonstrate every Friday in Gaza are not mercenaries. They are defenders of a cause. These Resistants, and their people, their fellow countrymen, their families, their popular base and all who are with them, (Washington and its allies) must know that they are people of principle, patriots, humanists, defenders of a cause in which they believe (fervently), and for which they fight and are willing to sacrifice, and sacrifice their dearest ones and their children. They are ready to live their entire lives in the worst conditions for their cause to triumph. Such people cannot be defeated neither by lists of terrorist organizations, nor by sanctions, nor by a financial siege or by drying up their sources of money.When you fight, in Lebanon and Palestine, those opposed to the Israeli enemy, a popular will, a popular Resistance and a popular culture, you are unable to inflict a defeat on them, regardless of any measure you can implement. That is why their (economic) battle (against us) is lost in advance.

But the condition for that, like in the military war, as in all previous challenges, is that we become aware of the essence of this (economic) war, that we understand their motive and goals, that we endure and that we make its objectives fail. And this is easy. Because if we maintain our determination, our resolve and our will, they will not be able to do anything.

Denunciation of Morocco and tribute to Algeria & SoudanEven (the US attempt) to isolate (Hezbollah) in the region (will be in vain). The fact that such country has no links with us, that another breaks relations with us, than another yet (accuses us) under a thousand false pretexts, as did Morocco just a few weeks ago without any basis of truth.

(Morocco) said that the Moroccan Minister of Foreign Affairs visited Iran, and submitted a folder to the Foreign Minister of Iran about the involvement of Hezbollah with the Polisario Front. The Iranian Minister of Foreign Affairs promised to keep me informed, and he did. I asked where is the folder, but there is no folder! The Moroccan Minister of Foreign Affairs did not even provide a single file or piece of paper, although they claimed to have provided evidence and documents, but they refused to give even the sheet that… He had a sheet in his hand, from which he was reading (to the Iranian minister) the names (of Hezbollah members allegedly involved with the Polisario): so and so, so and so, so and so, so and so. (The Iranian minister) asked for the sheet, but (the Moroccan Minister) refused. Even this piece of paper (he read), he refused to give it!

Well, where is the evidence, where are the facts? Do you have videos, recordings, witnesses? Who are your witnesses? But there is absolutely nothing. (Morocco) said that so and so, so and so, so and so, so and so from Hezbollah… Moreover, some of these (Hezbollah members) have no involvement in the security and military operations, and these brothers mentioned work in very remote locations from each other, so it is clear that it is the Israeli intelligence that provided the names to Morocco, but there is no link between these (Hezbollah) brothers. (Morocco is merely asserting emphatically that) Hezbollah supports the Polisario, and it breaks its ties with Iran, (just like that).

While we have no relationship with the Polisario, not even political relations. I do not even take a position on this issue, that we have not studied, and on which we have no position, neither negative nor positive. In truth, there is no relationship between us, not even political, we have no contact, but we will see Morocco accuse us of having received the Polisario in Lebanon, of having visited them in their town –I do not even remember its name, it was the first time I was hearing of it–, of having provided them with support, training, training camps, weapons, etc.

Anyway, these accusations and actions are futile, they will have no result in terms of resolution and determination of the Resistance. Before 2000, when the Resistance has triumphed and achieved this feat of which we celebrate the 18th anniversary today (Lebanon’s Liberation), it had no regional relations. There was Iran and Syria, nothing else. We could have friendly relations with the Embassy of Algeria, the Sudanese Embassy, ​​such or such country, but we did not have regional relations. Rather, many did not even dare to open links or contacts with us, because since 1992, we are on the list of terrorist organizations.

Therefore, all these measures of political, diplomatic and financial siege, these intimidations, I say to our enemies that they will not change anything. The Resistance that has shaped the victory of 2000, this glorious and resounding victory that imposed on the (Israeli) enemy to get out humiliated and crushed, with no clause, without any conditions, without any concession whatsoever (only by the force of arms, as Hezbollah refused any negotiations with Israel), the Resistance is stronger today, more powerful, more robust, even regarding the determination, faith, principles, soul, mind, until the new generations that you think (corrupted by materialism).
It is this new generation that fought in 2006, and much of our martyrs are part of the generation born in the 1990s. And today, it is also the case for the great battle that was conducted in the region (Syria). When you participate in the fight against the American project in the region, in Syria… We are proudly and publicly involved in this crucial battle. And it is during such a commemoration (on May 25) that I announced our entry into this battle several years ago (in 2013). And we said then that the US and its allies have gathered the takfiris from all around the world to bring down Damascus and the Syrian State, and I said in a speech like this, without vis-a-vis, that the Syrian leadership, the Syrian people and the Syrian army and its allies would never allow Damascus to fall, whatever sacrifices were required.Today, on the occasion of the holiday of the Resistance and Liberation, which we celebrate to commemorate the South(-Lebanon) Liberation, today also, we address Syria, the Syrian leadership, the Syrian Arab Army, the Syrian people and all their loyal allies, and we congratulate them for the liberation of Damascus, the Damascus suburbs and the whole Damascus area in its entirety, freed from any danger and any (terrorist armed) organization, especially during this last battle against ISIS and the glorious victory that took place there, and now that all Syria goes from success to success, successes that set up the next stage (of reconstruction). Those who (like Hezbollah) take such positions must bear the consequences, and I declare that we are stronger, more determined and more present, and with God’s grace, these (diplomatic sanctions) will have absolutely no effect. […]

زمن الكبار: حافظ الأسد

يونيو 11, 2018

ناصر قنديل

– يتزامن إحياء رحيل الرئيس حافظ الأسد ورحيل الإمام الخميني خلال هذا الشهر، وقد قادا حقبة ممتدّة في ثمانينيات القرن الماضي، وسمت هذا الشرق ببصماتها، وامتدّت مع الرئيس حافظ الأسد والإمام الخامنئي كخليفة للإمام الخميني في التسعينيات، لتمتدّ منذ مطلع القرن الحالي بشراكة الرئيس بشار الأسد والإمام الخامنئي، حتى أيامنا هذه. وقد ولدت في كنف هذه العلاقة المقاومة في لبنان، وصارت رمزية ومكانة قائدها السيد حسن نصرالله تشارك الدور وصناعة المشهد الاستراتيجي للرئيس بشار الأسد والإمام الخامنئي، كما صارت روسيا الجديدة بقيادة الرئيس فلاديمير بوتين العائدة لمكانتها التاريخية بقوة، علامة من علامات المسرح الدولي الجديد لا يمكن رسم معادلاته بدونها، ومعها الصين الصاعدة كقوة اقتصادية أولى في العالم لا تنازعه عليها أميركا، رغم إمساكها بمفاصل النظام المالي العالمي.

– الأسبق في القراءة وصناعة السياسة ورسم الاستراتيجيات بين هذه الرموز، والذي مهّد الطريق لنهضتها ووثق بقدرتها، واستثمر على قوّتها، هو الرئيس الراحل حافظ الأسد، الذي قرأ بصورة عبقرية أربع معادلات تحكم المنطقة والعالم اليوم: أوّلها مكانة سورية واستحالة إسقاطها أو تفكيكها، وقدرتها على تغيير المعادلات الدولية والإقليمية، رغم تواضع إمكاناتها التقليدية قياساً بالدول الكبرى ما قد يغري البعض بالمغامرة، لكنه سرعان ما يكتشف تحطّم مغامراته على جدران التاريخ والجغرافيا التي تحميها. والمعادلة الثانية هي قانون الصراع مع كيان الاحتلال ومكانة المقاومة فيه كعامل صناعة لتوازن استراتيجي سعى إليه واستثمر عليه. والمعادلة الثالثة هي مكانة ودور إيران، وقد وقف مع ثورتها الفتية في أيامها الصعبة ووقف بقوّة ضدّ الحرب الظالمة التي فُرضت عليها تحت عنوان عروبة مزيّفة، واثقاً من كونها السند والعمق لكلّ حركة مقاومة ومواجهة صادقة مع الاحتلال وكيانه الغاصب، ومن أنّها شريك تاريخي واستراتيجي لسورية في مواجهة الصعاب والمحن المقبلة، والمعادلة الرابعة هي نظرته لروسيا التي نجح مبكراً في قراءتها بعيداً عن عقد الأيديولوجيا، وتعقيداتها، فروسيا دولة عظمى وشريك في أمن هذا الإقليم ومستقبله، كما يقول تاريخها أيام القيصرية، وسيقول مستقبلها.

– جاءت الحروب التي شهدتها المنطقة بعد رحيل الرئيس حافظ الأسد، لتؤكد صوابية النهج والتوقعات والقراءة والمعادلات، فها هي سورية برئيسها وجيشها تثبت أنها عاتية على العاتي، وأنّها أقوى من الأقوياء، وأنها الأثبت في معادلات يرسمها زائلون. وها هو الجيش السوري والرئيس بشار الأسد يدخلان التاريخ تحت عنوان، أقوى الجيوش وأقوى الرؤساء، ويتعلّم الذين توقعوا الوقيعة بسورية بعد رحيل حافظ الأسد أنهم سيلاقون ما يفوق توقعاتهم حتى الندم. وها هي المقاومة وقد اشتدّ عودها وصارت قوّة ضاربة، وفية لمن وقف معها ورعاها، تنتصر لسورية ولنفسها في الحرب التي شنّها أكثر من نصف العالم لإسقاط سورية وإطفاء جذوة المقاومة فيها. وها هي إيران كما قرأها الرئيس حافظ الأسد قوّة دولية وإقليمية صاعدة ومُهابة، صديقة وفية لسورية ولفلسطين، صادقة العهود والوعود. وها هي روسيا تستردّ عافيتها ومكانتها، وكما توقعها، ها هي قوية جبارة وواثقة بقوّتها وإمكاناتها، تعود.

– في لبنان مَن قرأوا في كتاب العروبة للرئيس الراحل حافظ الأسد، وما هزّتهم الرياح، وبقوا على الثبات في الموقع والموقف رغم المخاطر، والإرهاب والتخوين والتخويف، وهم اليوم مع الرئيس بشار الأسد، ويرون في المعادلات الجديدة لدور روسيا وإيران ومحور المقاومة بشائر خير مقبلة على المنطقة والعالم، وفي الطليعة لفلسطين البوصلة. وهم على ثقة بأنّهم الأشدّ تمسكاً بلبنانية وطنية صافية، تعرف مصلحة لبنان ولا تساوم عليها، ولا تبيع ولا تشتري، مهما كرهَ الكارهونَ ومهما قال المقاولون. وفي المقابل في لبنان مَن تاجر بالعلاقة مع سورية صداقة وعداوة، فباع الصداقة واشترى بالعداوة صداقة أعدائها، أو نظر للصداقة كتجارة رابحة لنيل المكاسب والمناصب على ظهر العلاقة بسورية. وهؤلاء يتشدّقون بلبنانيتهم، وهي عندهم مجرد عنوان لبضاعة معروضة للبيع أو للإيجار في سوق السياسات الدولية والإقليمية، ومن موقع لبنانية وطنية صافية، تعرف حجم تضحيات سورية وصدق الرئيس الراحل حافظ الأسد والرئيس بشار الأسد مع لبنان قويّ ومقاوم، نقول خسر لبنان برحيل الرئيس حافظ الأسد أخاً كبيراً صادقاً، ونقول لا يستوي الجمع في العلاقة بين لبنان وسورية، بين أهل تلازم المسارَيْن وأهل تلازم الفسادَيْن، فكلاها يؤمن بالتلازم، لكن لكم تلازمُكم ولنا تلازمُنا.

– نستعيد للرئيس حافظ الأسد كلمتين، ما بين لبنان وسورية صنعه الله، وما صنعه الله لا يفرّقه بنو البشر، ولبنان وسورية شعب واحد في دولتين، وستثبت الأيام صحة القول، مهما كثر المنافقون.’

On Int’l Quds Day: Sayyed Safieddine Articulates Important Stances in Interview with Al-Ahed

09-06-2018 | 12:03
On the occasion of International Quds Day, the Head of Hezbollah’s Executive Council, Sayyed Hashem Safieddine, sat down for a comprehensive interview with al-Ahed, covering developments surrounding al-Quds, Palestine, the deal of the century, the Arab World and the regional situation as well as internal Lebanese affairs.

the Head of Hezbollah's Executive Council, Sayyed Hashem Safieddine

“Quds Day this year has a very special peculiarity,” Sayyed Safieddine stressed. “There are Arab groups that spoke clearly about abandoning al-Quds, and Saudi Arabia did not need the deal of the century to announce its abandonment of al-Quds. It is basically a permanent partner in all American and “Israeli” projects targeting our region and our sanctities, including Palestine and others.”

According to Sayyed Safieddine “the “Israelis” have drawn up a specific program to annex the Golan Heights. There is available information, documents and data about an actual program and American promises to the “Israelis” that they will recognize the annexation of the Golan Heights to the usurper entity. This is not only a political and propaganda matter. It is an actual matter. Netanyahu talked about it openly and clearly. There is a program put in place. They are waiting for the right moment to declare and announce the official annexation.”

He points out that

“the forces of the resistance, thanks to God, today are unified. Some of the breakdown and weakening in the resistance that took place during the Syria crisis, thank God now, have been addressed. The cracks have been repaired. The axis of resistance is one unified and strong axis that depends on a large force called the Islamic Republic of Iran.”

Touching on the Iranian nuclear dossier, Sayyed Safieddine said,

“The secret of Iran’s power is its right. Iran is oppressed. It is defending its natural right. The secret of its strength is that it depends on a courageous and strong leader who defends his people and their rights to the last breath [and also depends] on the Iranian people’s unity behind its leadership.”

Concerning Yemen, he noted that the country

“has been imprisoned throughout past decades. Regardless of any other political title that the Al-Saud talks about, there is a big headline today in Yemen which is the Yemeni people have come out of the Saudi prison and will not return to it.”

On the issue of Bahrain, Sayyed Safieddine told al-Ahed that

“the people of Bahrain are an honorable and brave people that proved throughout the past years that they possess awareness, will, determination and the ability to maintain the high nature of its rise and objectives and defend its leading figures – first and foremost His Eminence Sheikh Isa Qassim and His Eminence Sheikh Ali Salman as well as all the leaders that the Bahraini people stood by and defended over the last few years.”

Moving over to Lebanon, he underscored Hezbollah’s “priorities”.

“We are seeking to receive important ministerial portfolios to carry out the duties that have become a necessity to us in order to serve the people and to exert the greatest influence in politics and government. This is one of our priorities,” Sayyed Safieddine added. “Today we are in the process of forming an anti-corruption file on a structural, individual, and policy level. And as soon as possible, work with the various concerned parties will begin, and the Lebanese will see the steps clearly – step by step and movement after movement.”

As far as the issue of the return of displaced Syrians to their home country is concerned, Sayyed Safieddine said that “our position … is stable, permanent and clear. This issue should be worked on within the political framework to reach a solution and solve the problem in the near future.” He also called for “a direct engagement with the Syrian state which declares every day that it is ready.”

The following is the text of the interview:

– Hezbollah won balanced popular support in the parliamentary elections, how will this be utilized in politics?

Political work will be on the implementation of the electoral program and giving priority to each item that was adopted and mentioned in the program. In general, political investment for the electoral achievement is to maintain the pledges and promises to the people, try to improve the country at the political, economic and developmental level and address the urgent files politically, economically and developmentally. Today, everyone knows that the economic and development file dictates urgency and necessity. It cannot be ignored anymore. It is not permissible to refrain from assuming responsibilities in this regard. So, the priority will be to pay attention to all that matters to the people at the level of securing their needs in terms of services and to improve the country economically and developmentally.

On the general political level, the political situation is acceptable to good. We do not need the parliamentary elections to depend on the results to improve the political situation, although the elections proved without a doubt that the political choice adopted by Hezbollah is the option that enjoys the support of the majority of the Lebanese people and also has a parliamentary majority. This has important political effects.

Some political files should have been put to bed after the elections. Arguments that did not benefit the country, specifically with respect to the defense of Lebanon and its resistance identity and confronting “Israeli” ambitions and threats, should stop.

– Lebanon is heading toward a new phase after Prime Minister Saad Hariri was appointed to form a government. In the context of talking about an American-Gulf attempt to prolong the formation of the government and putting Lebanon in a state of political fanaticism, what is your reading of the difficulties and the obstacles facing this formation?

We have yet to prove that there are important and fundamental obstacles to the suspension of the formation of the government. These are legitimate and acceptable political concerns. But on the level of facts, it seems that things will proceed at a good pace. This is what we wish for and seek and what most politicians in the country seek. US and Gulf intentions to suspend the political process in Lebanon is a separate analysis. But we do not believe that the Americans and the Saudis can disrupt the political life in Lebanon. They worked on influencing the political situation before, during and after the elections, but they are unable to suspend the political process as a whole because there are urgent requirements for all the Lebanese. If they wanted to face a team, they will be facing all the Lebanese. I believe that the existing will among all the Lebanese is the will to quickly form a government in order for it to do its duty to address the problems that will benefit all Lebanese.

– Will Hezbollah demand a greater share of ministerial posts?

It is known today that Hezbollah has three ministers. This is agreed upon with the various parties we spoke with in forming the government. The subject of the portfolios is still under discussion. We are seeking to receive important ministerial portfolios to carry out the duties that have become essential in order for us to serve the people and to have a greater impact in the political and governmental process. This has become a priority for us. The translation of these priorities is the strong participation in the government. Having strong participation means that there are important ministries run by Hezbollah, even though Hezbollah will consider itself concerned with all the government and all ministries.

– What are Hezbollah’s red lines regarding the ministerial statement?

I think the issue of the ministerial statement after the formation of the government will be handled in a flexible and easy way as in the previous government. I do not think there are major obstacles that will stand in the way of issuing a ministerial statement that is acceptable to all Lebanese. The past experience has proven that what we are asking for is easy and not difficult. Therefore, we do not need to talk about red lines as if there is a big problem that we are facing. I do not think that is the case at this stage.

– Hezbollah’s Secretary General spoke of a new stage in the fight against corruption. How will this project be translated into practice?

The practical translation of this process began in preparing the necessary introductions. When Hezbollah creates a special anti-corruption file, then this is an organizational decision. But it is linked to the commitment with the Lebanese to fighting corruption. When the Secretary General announced it and follows up directly, this means that we have begun. We are in the process of forming this file at the level of its structure, members, policies and plans. And as soon as possible, work with the various concerned parties will begin, and the Lebanese will see clearly the steps, step by step and movement after movement. It is no secret when I say that there are a number of files that we have started receiving. But the concerned party and the official responsible for the file will check and verify the data received to start working according to the files that are completed and prepared. We can say that we are in the stage of completing the necessary introductions. Work has already been going on for weeks.

– Some talk about the difficulty of Hezbollah’s response to corruption because of the vibrations it might cause to its relations with some allies. Is the party ready for such internal battles?

Before we announced the step to tackle corruption in Lebanon, we have studied Hezbollah’s objectives and policies and what we can do; what are the caveats and obstacles. According to our vision, we have reached the conclusion that the potential achievement is very important for the country. And it is necessary to set limits to the movement of corruption. Hezbollah did not talk about a comprehensive revolution in Lebanon because Lebanon does not tolerate a revolution to eradicate corruption from its roots. Some have said – and they are right – that corruption in Lebanon is rooted even in the structure of the system. We do not consider that there are favorable circumstances now or that our priorities now are to eliminate corruption in the Lebanese system. This is another discussion. We are talking about the extent to which we face corruption at the level of decisions, waste, some cases and some files that exhaust the public treasury and are at the expense of all the Lebanese. We are not talking about files that are unknown or hidden from many ministers and politicians who have dealt with the governmental and administrative affairs. Fighting corruption in the comprehensive political sense associated with the system is different from what we are doing now. It requires extensive Lebanese consensus. I do not think that Lebanon is ready for it now.

– In the coming days, we will witness a voluntary return of displaced Syrians due to the efforts of Major General Abbas Ibrahim and with the support of the President. Is there a role played by Hezbollah in this?

Our position on the return of the displaced Syrians to their country is stable, permanent and clear. This issue should be worked on within the political framework to reach a solution and solve the problem in the near future.

It is clear that this thorny and pressing issue on the Lebanese must be addressed in the near future. Why do some insist on distant roads that have no horizon at all. The road is easy and clear. It needs a decision, initiative and responsibility. In any case, this voluntary return, which is happening from time to time, is encouraging and important. It is in the interest of the Lebanese and Syrians. We must all work to develop it so that it becomes a voluntary return in a more comprehensive and complete manner.

– Do you mean dialogue with Syria?

Direct engagement with the Syrian state. The Syrian state declares every day that it is ready. This must be implemented. All the Lebanese will benefit from it. As a result, the international community and all the solutions that come from abroad are temporary and their usefulness is limited because their disadvantages that befall all Lebanese are bigger and greater.

– This year’s International Quds Day coincides with the death anniversary of its founder, Imam Khomeini. What are the challenges facing al-Quds today? Did the Gulf-American alliance achieve its objectives of obliterating the Palestinian cause in the Arab and Islamic conscience?

This year’s International Quds Day has a very special peculiarity. If we needed to observe International Quds Day on the last Friday of the holy month of Ramadan as Imam Khomeini emphasized every year, this year the Muslim and Arab world needs it more, especially the Palestinian arena. The reason is the aggression that al-Quds is being subjected to today. Al-Quds is usurped and violated. But this year, there are Arab groups that talked about abandoning al-Quds. It is basically a permanent partner in all American and “Israeli” projects targeting our region and our sanctities, including Palestine and others. What is new is this Saudi and Gulf audacity when they announced the deal of the century, including ending and eliminating the issue of al-Quds from the political priority, and even from the general culture and popular conscience. This needs a proportional level of rejection of all these ugly and shameless projects and need a higher level of emphasis on the sanctity and priority of al-Quds and its cause.

But they have not succeeded in obliterating the issue of al-Quds. No deal, no ruler, no matter how powerful or wealthy, not America with its arrogance and dominance and Saudi Arabia with its money and its hatred can obliterate the al-Quds cause. Yes, they plotted and are conspiring against it. They are pushing for the normalization of ties with the “Israeli” enemy. They are also making the nation forget al-Quds politically, culturally and through the media. But they will not succeed. The proof for this is the Palestinian voice on the shores of Gaza and in all the Palestinian territories. This voice reaffirms that al-Quds will remain present in the culture and conscience and a political priority. Yes, we must admit that what Saudi Arabia and some Gulf and Arab countries have done is a very advanced step to end the al-Quds cause. But will they succeed or not? This requires effort, sacrifice and resistance, and to emphasize what Hezbollah has always asserted that the road to al-Quds can only be opened through resistance, blood, martyrdom, giving, and sacrifices.

– The marches of return formed a qualitative addition in confronting the enemy. The night of the rockets in the Golan early May gave impetus to military action. Is the enemy stuck between a rock and a hard place both internally and externally?

The “Israeli” enemy sensed real and actual existential danger after the 2006 war. After the 2000 victory and the humiliating withdrawal from southern Lebanon and the Lebanese territories, except for the Shebaa Farms, the “Israelis” felt that there was a great threat to them. They tried to deal with this danger by political and satanic projects and machinations, but they were unable to do so. The results of the 2006 war stipulate that the “Israelis” were broken and defeated. When the points of superiority of the “Israeli” enemy were broken and defeated, they began to feel the existential danger. The “Israeli” yelling today regarding the Golan, the rockets and the ability of the resistance, the advanced positions of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the ability of the axis of resistance to record achievements and victories in Syria and the region in general are an expression of the crisis that began in 2006. It has been trying to find a solution. But what happened from 2006 until 2018 is that its crisis became more complicated and its existential fears increased. This is a point of strength for the resistance axis. We should look at all these threats, “Israeli” screams, American sanctions, American and “Israeli” attempts at the Islamic Republic and the resistance axis with a different view. It is not a proof of their strength. It is a proof of their weakness and retreat.

– Is American recognition of al-Quds as the capital of the usurping entity recognition of the Golan as an “Israeli” land as the Zionists say?

The “Israelis” have drawn up a specific program to annex the Golan Heights. There are information, documents and data that speak of an actual program and American promises to the “Israelis” that they will recognize the annexation of the Golan Heights to the usurper entity. There are information, documents and data about an actual program and American promises to the “Israelis” that they will recognize the annexation of the Golan Heights to the usurper entity. This is not only a political and propaganda matter. It is an actual matter. Netanyahu talked about it openly and clearly. There is a program put in place. They are waiting for the right moment to declare and announce the official annexation. Then comes the American approval to remove the Golan from being an occupied area in all corridors and political scenes in the world. Yes, if al-Quds is in real and serious danger, do not be surprised that the Golan is in a serious danger to be included in the usurper entity.

– Can these new developments and challenges reunite the resistance forces in the region after the war in Syria has affected them?

The forces of resistance, praise be to Allah, are united today. They have scored great achievements in confronting the “Israeli” enemy, the projects of fragmenting the nation and the targeting of the governments that stood by the resistance, for example Syria. The axis of resistance is growing in strength and leverage, but it is normal that the fronts and titles of confrontation increase whenever there is progress in the work of the axis of resistance. The forces of resistance, thanks to God, today are unified. Some of the breakdown and weakening in the resistance that took place during the Syria crisis, thank God, now have been addressed. The cracks have been repaired. The axis of resistance is one unified and strong axis that depends on a large force called the Islamic Republic of Iran. It also depends on good and important governments in the region that bear the idea of resistance and depends first of all on the people of resistance from Palestine to Lebanon to Syria to Yemen to all this area, which will remain, God willing, strong and great with its resistance and the resistance axis. Yes, this axis will face difficult challenges. It faced difficulties in the past and will face new difficulties. God willing it will achieve better results. In general, the axis of resistance addressed all the repercussions of the events that took place in Syria.

– US sanctions and threats to the Islamic Republic were met by Imam Khamenei’s decision to increase the number of centrifuges. What is the secret of Iran’s strength in this confrontation?

The secret of Iran’s power is its right. Iran is oppressed. It is defending its natural right. The secret of its strength is that it depends on a courageous and strong leader who defends his people and their rights to the last breath [and also depends] on the Iranian people’s unity behind its leadership. For the past 40 years, it did not accept to be complacent for this American hegemony, conditions and pressures. For eight years, the Iranian people fought the world that stood behind Saddam Hussein in order to remain a free and independent and in order to have a sovereign state with an independent decision in this region. Iran’s strength is in all these elements from its right to lead its people to its experience and development to its enormous capabilities in the face of these developments and American hegemony.

– Do you agree with the view that Jordan is paying the price for abandoning its obedience to the Saudi master over the al-Quds file or is it preparing to be the alternative homeland?

Regardless of the project being hammered out for Jordan and the analyzes that exist today, what is happening in Jordan is undoubtedly one of the repercussions of the bad policies of some regional countries that want to pressure the entire region in order to abandon their causes in favor of the deal of the century or American and “Israeli” priority. Naturally, Jordan as well as all the countries in this region, are likely to be in a position of pressure at the popular, political and economic levels when priority is elsewhere. When the priority of those who possess money and capabilities in this region is to serve the Americans and “Israelis”, it will be at the expense of the people of the region, whether the Jordanian or the Palestinian people. On the occasion of al-Quds Day, we must not forget the famine the Palestinian people are suffering from. The problem is not in Jordan alone. There is a real famine and unjust siege in Jordan and Palestine, as is the unjust siege in Yemen. The repercussions of the events taking place in the region are the result of these corrupt and distorted Gulf policies.

– More than 3 years have passed since the Saudi-American aggression on Yemen began. No objectives have been achieved. Meanwhile, the Saudi-UAE begging for direct American intervention is increasing. What is the endgame in this war?

It was the Yemeni people who talked about the endgame of war in Yemen. When the people of Yemen clearly state that they will not bow down and will not bend to Saudi dictates, it will no longer be accepted that Yemen is under Saudi rule as it has been over the past decades. The Yemeni people, due to the political circumstances and the foolishness of the of Saudi political positions during the past three years and earlier, discovered that its path to salvation and its path towards being an actual authority on their land are open. Why should it return to prison? Yemen has been imprisoned throughout the past decades. It was in the Saudi prison. Yemen was deprived of the benefit of its oil potential. It was deprived of the ability to determine economic and financial policies that serve its people, whether in the south or the north. Yemen was living all this deprivation, and the poverty we see today on the faces of the Yemenis, their homes, streets and cities is the product of Saudi policies that wanted to keep Yemen in prison. Regardless of any other political title that the Al-Saud talks about, there is a big headline today in Yemen which is the Yemeni people have come out of the Saudi prison and will not return to it. It has given martyrs and is ready to offer more. All that we hear and see including heroism and courageous sacrifices confirm that the Yemeni people will reach victory. And victory is the natural result of Yemen’s courage, will and chivalry.

– The Bahraini authorities continue to abuse those demanding the most basic civil rights in Bahrain. What is your message to the people of Bahrain, who peacefully demonstrate against the arrest of their leaders, most notably Sheikh Isa Qassim?

The people of Bahrain are an honorable and brave people that the people of Bahrain are an honorable and brave people that proved throughout the past years that they possess awareness, will, determination and the ability to maintain the high nature of its rise and objectives and defend their leading figures – first and foremost His Eminence Sheikh Isa Qassim and His Eminence Sheikh Ali Salman as well as all the leaders that the Bahraini people stood by and defended over the last few years.

The Bahraini people have high morals. We have witnessed this moral in their positions alongside the Palestinian cause and al-Quds. The Bahraini people today is with al-Quds and the resistance while the ruler of Bahrain and the rulers of the Gulf are working day and night to sell al-Quds and abandon it in order to preserve their thrones. All these events came to prove once again that the Bahraini people were right, and at the same time they are an oppressed people. It is a people that has no power but to say its word and will continue to say this word, in the media, in politics, in the demonstrations … its men, women, and youth. All that is happening in Bahrain confirms that the Bahraini people are right in their cause and will continue in this cause to achieve its goal. God willing it will be achieved. Yes, we can only tell the people of Bahrain, to our loved ones and dear ones in Bahrain, patience Bahraini people, victory will come. Following the patience that you have demonstrated, there is no result but to achieve your goals with all the sacrifices that have been made in the eyes of Allah Almighty.

Source: Al-Ahed News

The US proposal of demarcating borders in Shebaa Farms العرض الأميركي بترسيم الحدود في مزارع شبعا

The US proposal of demarcating borders in Shebaa Farms

يونيو 8, 2018

Written by Nasser Kandil,

Some Lebanese may want to interpret every movement at the international and regional level related to Lebanon for Lebanese reasons, some say that there is an international regional decision to protect the stability in Lebanon and some deny that. If there is such of a decision then it is a decision to protect the stability under the influence of the Arabs who support the American policies and who do not feel embarrassed to boast of the Israeli ones, and if there is not, then it is one of the repercussions of the “dilemma” in which Hezbollah put Lebanon due to its involvement in region’s wars especially the war in Syria. Those cannot see any positive point that Lebanon obtained from the wars which Hezbollah launched or participated in and led to the defeat of ISIS. Lebanon benefited surely from ISIS’s defeat, and its defeat has confused the American project and the Israeli aggression, and has its influence on Lebanon through the decrease of the level of the exposure to risks.

Some find it difficult to recognize that the Israeli readiness to negotiate on the sea borders in search for a compromise would have been possible without the weapons of the resistance and its announced readiness to destroy the Israeli oil and gas platforms; they want to link the staying of the US Assistant Secretary of State David Satterfield in Lebanon with the prevention of the instability without granting the resistance and its weapons any role of imposing anxiety on the American  and the Israeli sides. Those also escape from linking all the American interest in Lebanon with the presence of the resistance and the degree of concern which causes to the entity of the occupation, but they remember this linkage immediately when there is a talk about banking sanctions to express their anger due to the presence of the resistance weapons and their effect on Lebanon and the Lebanese.

The Speaker of the Parliament Nabih Berri revealed the US proposal to negotiate indirectly on demarcating the land and sea borders with Lebanon including Shebaa Farms. This proposal comes in conjunction with the American seeking to link the settlement in the South of Syria with redeploying the (UNDOF) on the disengagement line between Syria and the occupation enemy in Golan after Israel has done its best to affect the stability on the Syrian front, and tried to build a security belt handled by Al Nusra front, and after it linked between its raids in Syria and the weapons of the resistance in Lebanon, it did not hide its bets on the availability of the opportunities of a comprehensive war on the resistance depending on its bet on a war of attrition which is supposed to be represented by the war in Syria on the resistance and its weapons. It is certain that if the Israeli bet was achieved and the resistance was under greater pressures because of the war on Syria, the US and the Israeli postponement would take place in the demarcation of the sea borders and putting the borders in Shebaa Farms under comprehensive solutions.

The seeking to fortify the front borders of the occupation entity and to end the unresolved files which may turn into a justification or a reason of tension and thus escalation, which Washington and Tel Aviv find it a source of concern from a confrontation that they do not want to wage and to take the risk of its consequences alone explains the US proposal to end the issue of Shebaa Farms.  This seeking results from the ongoing transformations on the Syrian borders and the new balances imposed by the victories of the Syrian Arab Army and the victories of the resistance in addition to the undeniable progress of the Iranian role. Therefore, Lebanon is owed the resistance regarding this transformation in the American and Israeli positions. This requires considering this new proposal a beginning to impose equations of negotiation from the position of force. The first obligations of this negotiation is the exit from the illusions and the dreams of some people who wanted to make use of such of these proposals to put the weapons of the resistance under the negotiation in order to grant Washington and Tel Aviv gains that do not aspire to achieve them.

Translated by Lina Shehadeh,

العرض الأميركي بترسيم الحدود في مزارع شبعا

يونيو 6, 2018

 

ناصر قنديل

– ربما يرغب بعض اللبنانيين بتفسير كلّ حركة على المستوى الدولي والإقليمي تتصل بلبنان بأسباب لبنانية، غالباً ما تذهب للقول إنه قرار دولي إقليمي بحماية الاستقرار في لبنان، أو العكس. فإنْ كان الأمر إيجابياً فهو قرار بحماية الاستقرار بتأثير المحور العربي الذي يقف مع السياسات الأميركية ولا يُحرجه التماهي مع السياسات الإسرائيلية، وإنْ كان سلبياً فهو من تداعيات «الورطة» التي وضع حزب الله لبنان في قلبها بسبب انخراطه في حروب في المنطقة وعلى رأسها الحرب في سورية. ولا يستطيع هؤلاء رؤية أيّ إيجابية ترتبت للبنان على الحروب التي خاضها حزب الله أو شارك في خوضها، وأنتجت هزيمة داعش، واستفاد لبنان حكماً من هزيمتها، وأربكت المشروع الأميركي والعدوانية الإسرائيلية وانعكس على لبنان ذلك انخفاضاً في مستوى التعرّض للمخاطر.

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– يستصعب البعض في هذا السياق الاعتراف بأنّ الاستعداد الإسرائيلي للتفاوض على الحدود البحرية بحثاً عن حلّ وسط، ما كان ممكناً لولا سلاح المقاومة وجهوزيتها المعلنة لتدمير منصات النفط والغاز الإسرائيلية، ويرغبون بربط إقامة نائب وزير الخارجية الأميركية ديفيد ساترفيلد في لبنان، مجرد إيجابية أميركية لمنع تدهور الاستقرار، دون أن يمنحوا المقاومة وسلاحها دوراً في فرض القلق على هذا الاستقرار من الجانبين الأميركي والإسرائيلي. كما يتهرّب هؤلاء من ربط كلّ الاهتمام الأميركي بلبنان أو بعض هذا الاهتمام على الأقلّ بأنه ناتج عن وجود هذه المقاومة ومدى القلق الذي تسبّبه لكيان الاحتلال، ويتذكّرون هذا الربط فوراً عندما يجري الحديث عن العقوبات المصرفية، ليعبّروا عن غضبهم مما يجلبه سلاح المقاومة ووجودها على لبنان واللبنانيين.

– كشف رئيس مجلس النواب نبيه بري عن وجود عرض أميركي للتفاوض غير المباشر لترسيم الحدود البرية والبحرية معاً للبنان، بما في ذلك مزارع شبعا، ويأتي هذا العرض متزامناً مع سعي أميركي لربط التسوية في الجنوب السوري بإعادة نشر وحدات الأندوف التابعة للأمم المتحدة على خطّ فصل الاشتباك بين سورية وجيش الاحتلال في الجولان، بعدما كانت «إسرائيل» قد رمت ثقلها لتخريب الاستقرار على الجبهة السورية، وحاولت بناء حزام أمني تتولاه جبهة النصرة. وربطت بين غاراتها في سورية وسلاح المقاومة في لبنان، ولم تخفِ رهانها على توافر فرص حرب شاملة على المقاومة، انطلاقاً من رهانها على حرب الاستنزاف التي يفترض أن تمثلها الحرب في سورية للمقاومة وسلاحها. والأكيد أنه لو قيّض للرهان الإسرائيلي أن يبصر النور، وأن تقع المقاومة تحت ضغوط أشدّ بسبب الحرب في سورية، لكانت المماطلة الأميركية الإسرائيلية في ترسيم الحدود البحرية ورهن الحدود في مزارع شبعا، كما في السابق، بحلول شاملة.

– السعي لتثبيت جبهات الحدود لكيان الاحتلال وإنهاء الملفات العالقة التي قد تتحوّل مبرّراً أو مدخلاً للتوتر وبالتالي للتصعيد، الذي باتت واشنطن وتل أبيب تريان فيه مصدراً للقلق من الانزلاق إلى مواجهة لا تريدان خوض غمارها، والمخاطرة بنتائجها المقلقة، وحدَه يفسّر العرض الأميركي بإنهاء ملف مزارع شبعا. وهو سعي ناتج حكماً عن التحوّلات الجارية على الحدود السورية، والتوازنات الجديدة التي فرضتها انتصارات الجيش العربي السوري، وانتصارات محور المقاومة، وتقدّم الدور الروسي بصورة غير قابلة للإنكار. وإنْ كان من أحد يدين له لبنان بهذا التحوّل في الموقفين الأميركي والإسرائيلي فهو المقاومة. وهذا يستدعي اعتبار العرض الجديد مدخلاً لفرض معادلات التفاوض من موقع القوة. وأوّل موجبات هذا التفاوض الخروج من أوهام البعض لاستثمار هذه العروض لإحياء أوهامهم وأحلامهم المرتبطة بوضع سلاح المقاومة على الطاولة، لمنح واشنطن وتل أبيب مكاسب لا تطمحان ولا تستطيعان الطموح لرؤيتها تتحقّق.

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