US mobilization for a war of resolving the Iraqi-Syrian borders استنفار أميركي لحرب حسم الحدود العراقية السورية

US mobilization for a war of resolving the Iraqi-Syrian borders

Written by Nasser Kandil,

Suddenly, a US file about a holocaust in Saidnaya’s prison emerged and became under the auspices of the United Nations, suddenly the Israeli Minister announced his public call to assassinate the Syrian President saying; today not tomorrow this must happen, suddenly Washington said that the cooperation with Moscow is not fine, so the questions become fundamental about the de-escalation areas, and suddenly there were US raids on Hasakah and Bukamal that killed civilians under the pretext of chasing ISIS, and suddenly ISIS launched an attack after the raids targeting Deir Al Zour Airport and its Syrian protector, as it did after the US raids in the last summer. The participating armed factions in Astana announced that they are part of the south front process across Jordan to reach to the Iraqi bordered line, they launched a campaign against the initiative of the Syrian army to advance to Badia, but suddenly the US reserve interfered by the Iraqi Kurdistan region, and its president announced a threat against the popular crowd if it continues its progress towards the borders with Syria.

All of that was due to the US surprise from the size of the Syrian progress in the Syrian Badia whether towards Deir Al Zour or towards the Syrian crossings line on the borders with Iraq, and the rapidness of the progress of the popular crowd on the other side of the borders. The Americans know supported with information that the situation of ISIS does not allow to bet on the length of the necessary battles for the arrival of the Syrian army and the popular crowd to opposite points on the borders, whether they are in Bukamal, Al-Kaim, or in Rabia, or in any area between them. The Americans know that the progress of the Syrian army and the popular crowd is not an intersection in time and place for two different issues, but a coordinated plan for one issue; to prevent the US control on the borders and on the crossings between Syria and Iraq. The Americans know as well that this plan is under the coordination with each of Iran and Russia and that it is the most important battle in the Syrian war.

Having control on the line of the reaching of Iran and China to the Mediterranean Sea, and having control on the Iraqi oil pipelines and Iranian gas to the Mediterranean Sea, as well as the control on the strategic supply line from Iran to Syria and the resistance forces are the goals of the American occupation of Iraq, after the failure of the goals of its war on Syria and after the failure of the goals of its war to have control on the area between the Tigris and the Euphrates River, as well as after the steadfastness of the Syrian army in Hasaka and Deir Al Zour and the progress of the Popular Crowd in Tal Afar, so they became goals for the plan of having control on the borders, if the plan failed, the war on Syria would be without strategic issue and it turned into mere an administration for a tactical dimension in employing the alliances and the resources to participate in a partial settlement within limits and according to the balances of powers, so the US concern moves to defensive plans that target the southern of Syria and how to ensure the possible limit of the security to Israel in any settlement, under Russian guarantees not to launch any war or to accelerate the paths of the Israeli-Palestinian settlement.

When the American mobilizes all of his allies, and when he puts his importance and threats, then this means that the battle is not over yet, and that the remaining kilometers for the meeting of the popular crowd and the Syrian army across the borders are a war of existence and it may lead to the possibilities of big mixing of issues, where the US-Turkish relationship may be one of its possibilities, and maybe the Israeli intervention will be one of its means, moreover, the disruption of Geneva and the talks dedicated to the political solution are among the possibilities, as well as the military Kurdish intervention from Iraq, but it is certain that the wars of the Middle East enter their most dangerous stages.

Translated by Lina Shehadeh,

مايو 17, 2017

استنفار أميركي لحرب حسم الحدود العراقية السورية

ناصر قنديل

– فجأة يظهر ملف أميركي عن محرقة في سجن صيدنايا ويصير في عهدة الأمم المتحدة. وفجأة يعلن وزير «إسرائيلي» دعوته العلنية لاغتيال الرئيس السوري، قائلاً الآن وليس غداً يجب أن يحدث ذلك، وفجأة يصير بلسان واشنطن التعاون مع موسكو على غير ما يرام، وتصير التساؤلات جوهرية حول مناطق التهدئة. وفجأة غارات أميركية في الحسكة والبوكمال تقتل مدنيين بداعي ملاحقة داعش. وفجأة يشنّ داعش هجوماً بعد الغارت مستهدفاً مطار دير الزور وحاميته السورية، كما فعل بعد الغارات الأميركية الصيف الماضي. وفجأة يستنفر المعارضون في جنيف ويلوّحون بالانسحاب من المفاوضات، وتعلن الفصائل المسلحة المشاركة في أستانة أنها جزء من عملية جبهة الجنوب عبر الأردن لبلوغ خط الحدود العراقية وتشنّ حملة على مبادرة الجيش السوري للتقدّم في البادية، لكن فجأة أيضاً يدخل الاحتياطي الأميركي على الخط ممثلاً بإقليم كردستان العراقي فيعلن رئيسه تهديداً موجهاً للحشد الشعبي إن واصل تقدّمه نحو الحدود مع سورية.

– كل هذا ليس فجأة، فالدهشة الأميركية من حجم التقدم السوري في البادية السورية سواء باتجاه دير الزور أو خط المعابر السورية على الحدود مع العراق، هي السبب، والسرعة الموازية لتقدم الحشد الشعبي على الطرف المقابل من الحدود هو السبب. ويعرف الأميركيون بالمعلومات أن وضع داعش لا يسمح بالرهان على طول مدة المعارك اللازمة لبلوغ الجيش السوري والحشد الشعبي نقاطاً متقابلة على الحدود، سواء كانت في البوكمال والقائم أو في ربيعة أو في منطقة بينهما. والأميركيون يعلمون أن تقدم الجيش السوري والحشد الشعبي ليس تقاطع زمان ومكان لقضيتين منفصلتين، بل خطة منسقة لقضية واحدة هي منع السيطرة الأميركية على الحدود والمعابر بين سورية والعراق، ويعلم الأميركيون أيضاً أن هذه الخطة منسقة مع كل من إيران وروسيا، وأنها أم المعارك في الحرب السورية.

– الإمساك بخط بلوغ إيران، ومن خلفها الصين للبحر المتوسط، والإمساك بخطوط النفط العراقي والغاز الإيراني نحو المتوسط، والسيطرة على خط الإمداد الاستراتيجي لإيران نحو سورية وقوى المقاومة، هي أهداف احتلال أميركا للعراق، وبعد فشلها أهداف حربها على سورية، وبعد فشلها أهداف حربها لإمساك  منطقة ما بين نهري دجلة والفرات، وبعد صمود الجيش السوري في الحسكة ودير الزور وتقدّم الحشد الشعبي في تلعفر، صارت أهدافاً لخطة الإمساك بخط الحدود. وإذا أصيبت الخطة بالفشل، صارت الحرب على سورية بلا قضية استراتيجية، وتحوّلت مجرد إدارة لبعد تكتيكي في توظيف التحالفات والموارد  للمشاركة في تسوية جزئية، بحدود المتاح وفقاً لموازين القوى، لينتقل الاهتمام الأميركي إلى خطط دفاعية تتجه نحو جنوب سورية وكيفية ضمان الحدّ الممكن من الأمن لـ»إسرائيل» في أي تسوية، وسقفه البحث بضمانات روسية لعدم شن أي حرب، أو تسريع مسارات التسوية الفلسطينية «الإسرائيلية».

– عندما يستنفر الأميركي كل حلفائه وعندما يضع ثقله وتهديداته، فهذا يعني أن المعركة لم تنته، وأن الكيلومترات الباقية أمام الحشد الشعبي والجيش السوري ليلتقيا عبر الحدود هي حرب وجود، ويفتح احتمالات لخلط أوراق كبير، قد تكون العلاقة الأميركية التركية أحد مجالاته، وقد يكون التدخل «الإسرائيلي» إحدى أدواته، وقد يكون تعطيل جنيف والمحادثات الخاصة بالحل السياسي وارداً، والتدخل الكردي العسكري من العراق أحد الاحتمالات، إلا أن الأكيد أن أهم حروب الشرق الأوسط تدخل الآن أخطر مراحلها.

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Al-Jaafari: “Our ambition is the highest by focusing on combating terrorism… we would like to remind that state terrorism is being practiced against Syria”

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Geneva, 19/5/2017 ~ Head of the Syrian Arab Republic delegation to Geneva Bashar al-Jaafari announced on Friday the end of the official meetings within the 6th round of the intra-Syrian dialogue held in the Swiss city with a final session of talks the delegation held with the UN Special Envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura.

“We have just concluded the last session with the UN Special Envoy to Syria, Staffan de Mistura, within the framework of the current Geneva round, which we agreed to call it the 6th round of Geneva. For us, as the delegation of the Syrian Arab Republic, the official meetings with the Special Envoy has ended at this moment and de Mistura as the special envoy will follow his contacts and meetings but this is another matter,” al-Jaffari said in a press statement following the end of the session.

“In this round, we discussed mainly one topic, which can be considered as the fruit that matured or resulted from this round. I mean expert meetings. One expert meeting was held yesterday between our experts and experts of the Special Envoy’s team and this is the only result that we came out with in this round,” he added.

In response to a question about the coincidence of the meeting with an American aggression and ISIS  massacre against Syrians in addition to the ambition of achieving better results in this round, al-Jaafari said that the delegation discussed during today’s session the U.S. attack on one of the Syrian Arab Army’s military points on al-Tanf road in the Syrian Badia, which took place Thursday evening.

“Minutes ago, we talked extensively about the massacre committed by the US aggression on Thursday in my country .The important thing is that our political ambition is the highest in terms of concerns within all parties involved. Our ambition is supreme because we want to constantly focus on the fight against terrorism“, he said.



Al-Jaafari pointed out that terrorism, represented by terrorist groups and the terrorism committed by countries and governments against Syria which includes the US, French and British aggression whether against civil or military targets, as what happened in Manbaj city when the French bombed the city and killed 200 civilians or as in Raqqa when the US raided the Deaf and Dumb school and as happened in al-Tharda Mountain in Deir Ezzor or as happened yesterday also.

“At every meeting, we would like to remind the attendees that state terrorism is being practiced against our country,” he added.

On setting a time limit for expert meetings and whether it would continue beyond the Geneva meetings, al-Jaafari noted that he did not say that, but, he added “I said that in this round there was only one meeting at the expert level, which was yesterday’s meeting. I mean between our experts and the experts of the Special Envoy, but the agreement is that these technical meetings take place during the rounds and not between or after them.”

“This is absolutely false,” al-Jaafari said in response to a question about some statements about the fallacies and that the meetings were focused on the issue of political transition and the nature of the government.

He clarified that Astana agreement on the de-escalation zones is about specific areas and not the entire Syrian territory, noting that the mechanisms of implementing the agreement have not been set yet.

“You should take into consideration that the main focus of the talks is the delegation as a whole. The expert meetings are detailed in a whole scene and therefore the important thing is the delegation’s meeting. The meetings of the experts are purely technical in order to find common points between the points related to the constitutional process, which are included in the paper of basic principles, and our political talks at the level of the delegation as a whole because the meeting of experts will be of a partial nature to take place within the framework of the meetings of the whole delegation,” he explained.

About US allegations about Sednaya prison, al-Jaafari said that this kind of allegation is not new and in every round of talks whether in Astana or in Geneva, and even before that, even in the Security Council, a massacre was carried out, adding that:

“only the nuclear weapon is left to hit us and they no longer have dangerous toys, but to use the nuclear and accuse us of using it.”

“The purpose of this fabricated story by the US intelligence is to increase the pressure on us politically as a government and secondly to prepare for the visit of US President Donald Trump to Riyadh because he talks about the establishment of a new Arab Islamic NATO, which is a funny story, funded by Saudi regime and Gulf countries who are ready to spend billions of dollars on the fabrication of wars in the region besides the existing wars,” he pointed out.

“This story is part of the general view of the pressure exerted on the Syrian government. It is no coincidence that this type of allegation appeared on the first day of our arrival in Geneva because it was intended to defame and exert pressure on us politically and to help the other extremist parties who reject the political solution in the escalation during the Geneva round,” he said.

Asked whether any of the four baskets were discussed, al-Jaafari said:

“in four days we did not discuss any basket of four baskets and we only talk about the subject of expert meetings.”

The  session of talks between the Syrian Arab Republic delegation and the UN Special Envoy for Syria was held earlier today at the headquarters of the United Nations in the Geneva.

Four sessions of talks were held between both sides over the past three days.

In a press conference following yesterday’s session, al-Jaafari said that the intensive consultations held between the UN Envoy and the Syrian Arab Republic delegation over the past two days resulted in reaching agreement to hold informal meetings between constitutional experts from both sides.

He added that the purpose of these meetings is to discuss the paper of basic principles, which includes in its articles appropriate points that serve as constitutional principles, referring to the basic principles paper which consists of 12 points where the elements related to the constitutional process will be dealt with.


ORIGINAL STATEMENT IN ARABIC:


SOURCES:
Manar/Ghossoun for Syrian Arab News Agency
Submitted by SyrianPatriots
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https://syrianfreepress.wordpress.com/2017/05/20/al-jaafari/
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SAA REPORTS: Al-Qaaboon Liberated

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The first tranche of flea-bitten rodents left Al-Qaaboon for northwestern Syria yesterday after most accepted offers of amnesty and clemency from the government. 

The last group [of mercenary-terrorists] has now left neighboring Al-Barza in order to live in the Wahhabist enclave of Idlib. 

Brigadier General, Kamaal Saarim of the Syrian Army confirmed that his forces have killed over 1000 terrorists during the last 3 months of combat in Al-Qaaboon

The key to the collapse of the terrorist presence in the two suburbs of Damascus was the discovery of over 29 tunnels that led to the East Al-Ghouta


The first tunnel in al-Qaboun, which was used by mercenary-terrorists to transfer their arms and members


Once the tunnels were sealed by the Syrian Arab Army (SAA), so was the fate of the terrorist Wahhabi-supported vultures.


The second tunnel used to smuggle weapons for the mercenary-terrorists in the neighborhood of al-Qaboun before the Syrian Arab Army operations


It has been revealed that some rodents escaped to ‘Irbeen or Harastaa through the tunnels before they were detonated by the SAA-Engineering Corps.

http://wikimapia.org/#lang=en&lat=35.003003&lon=38.430176&z=7&m=bs

click on map to enlarge ~ here for the original link


SOURCES:
Excerpts are from a SyrianPerspective post by Ziad Fadel
Videos are from Syrian Army Military Information Centre
Submitted by SyrianPatriots
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SYRIAN ARMY LIBERATES STRATEGIC ‘AL-QABOUN POCKET’ IN EASTERN DAMASCUS

South Front

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The Syrian Arab Army (SAA) has taken full control of the strategic districts of Al-Qaboun and Tishreen east of the Syrian capital of Damascus after a sudden attack in the area. It’s believed that all militants of Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham (HTS) and the Al-Rahman Corps had withdrew through underground tunnels to Eastern Ghouta.

Meanwhile, 40 militants and 300 civilians have left Barzeh district to Idlib. The SAA has entered a majority of areas in the district. It is expected that it will announce a full control over it within the next 24 hours.

Jaish al-Islam issued a statement condemning the evacuation agreement in Tishreen and Barzeh districts, adding that Jaish al-Islam had not agreed to evacuate its fighters from any location.

Click to see the full-size image

Click to see the full-size image

It also declared that Jaish al-Islam is committed to fighting in Tishreen and Al-Qaboun districts and supporting the fighters there. It’s clear that the statement of Jaish al-Islam is a pure propaganda against the Al-Rahman Corps and the HTS, as the districts were already under the full control of the SAA when the statement was released.

Separately, Jaish al-Islam targeted an SAA point in the town of Rayhan in Eastern Ghouta. The SAA responded with artillery fire on Jaish al-Islam positions in Duma.

 

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Al-Moallem: Syrian Gov’t Keen on Stopping the Bloodshed, Improving Living Conditions


Local Editor

Syrian Deputy Prime Minister, Foreign and Expatriates Minister Walid al-Moallem stressed that the Syrian government supports the memorandum on the creation of four de-escalation zones in Syria which was signed at the end of the fourth round of Astana talks on Syria.

 

Al-Moallem: Syrian Gov't Keen on Stopping the Bloodshed, Improving Living Conditions

“You followed up what was achieved at Astana 4, particularly with regard to signing a memorandum on establishing four de-escalation zones in Syria,” al-Moallem said in a press conference on Monday, adding “the Syrian Government supported what came in the memorandum based on its keenness on stopping the bloodshed and to improve the living conditions of the Syrian population and in the hope that all armed parties will be committed to the provisions of the memorandum. But if any violation takes place, the Syrian army will be prepared to respond in a decisive manner.”

He went on saying “of course, we look forward that this memorandum will achieve its intentions which are basically separating the armed groups which signed the agreement of the cessation of hostilities on 30/12/2016 from Jabhat al-Nusra and Daesh and the other groups affiliated with them.”

Regarding the political track, al-Moallem said that the Syrian government has always been present in the Geneva meetings, noting that the date for the next round of these meetings hasn’t been set yet, adding that unfortunately the Geneva track remains at a standstill because there is no patriotic opposition that thinks about Syria instead of receiving instructions from its operators.

He said that the alternative that is being pursued is national reconciliations, affirming that Syria is extending its hand to all those who want to resolve their status include those who bear arms, noting that several reconciliations have been achieved across Syria, adding “today, a reconciliation started in Barzeh and al-Qaboun and talks are under way in order to evacuate al-Yarmouk Camp from gunmen, and I think that the Syrian people have felt the importance and the effectiveness of these reconciliations.”

He asserted that there will not be international forces under the supervision of the UN, and the Russian guarantor clarified that military police forces will be deployed, in addition to monitoring centers, noting that the memo on de-escalation zones has a duration of six months that can be renewed if this experiment proves successful and produces the desired results.

“The guarantors should help the factions which signed the cessation of hostilities agreement and desire to drive away Jabhat al-Nusra from their areas,” al-Moallem added.

Al-Moallem said that Jordan’s role form the beginning of the crisis till today is known for us, not to mention the Military Operations Command [MOC], asserting that “if the Jordanian forces entered without coordination with the Syrian government they will be considered as hostile forces.”

He added the task of guarantors is maintaining those areas from foreign interference, enhancing security in them and not attacking the Syrian Arab Army because then the right to respond will be legitimate.

Source: SANA, Edited by website team

08-05-2017 | 14:37

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Briefing of the Ministry of Defense on the principles of the creation of de-escalation zones on the territory of Syria (Important, Subtitled in English)

May 06, 2017

Please press the “cc” button on the lower right to see the English language subtitles

Analysis: Russia, US Have Promising Starting Points for Cooperation in Syria

 

Analysis: Russia, US Have Promising Starting Points for Cooperation in Syria

PETER KORZUN | 03.05.2017 | WORLD

Analysis: Russia, US Have Promising Starting Points for Cooperation in Syria

Moscow is ready to cooperate with the United States on settling the Syrian crisis, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said on April 29. The statement was made at a time the much-awaited round of Astana talks were to kick off on May 3-4 and the UN-brokered talks in Geneva were about to resume. There is a good reason to address the issue without delay.

Three days after Turkish aircraft delivered strikes along the Turkey-Syria border, the US deployed troops and APCs in the contested region. Pentagon spokesman Navy Captain Jeff Davis has confirmed the information. US forces will also deploy as a separation force in areas where the Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army and the Kurdish forces meet.

Turkey attacked the positions of the US-backed People’s Protection Units, or YPG, a close US ally in the fight against the Islamic State (IS). The Kurdish group is seen by the Turkish government as a terrorist organization with ties to Turkey’s Kurdish rebels. Clashes between Turkish and Kurdish forces in Syria could potentially undermine the US-led anti-IS effort. American forces are to carry out the mission of deterrent to protect the Kurds against attacks.

The Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) – the leading force of Syrian Kurds – took full control of the Syrian town of Kobani last year, making it a powerful symbol of Kurdish resistance to Islamic State (IS). In February 2016, a representative office for Syrian Kurdistan opened in Moscow to represent the interests of Syrian Kurds and develop bilateral relations with Russia. Neither the US nor Russia is interested in further clashes between Turkey and Kurds. Both have good working relations with the Syrian Kurdish groups and both closely cooperate with the Turkish government. They share the desire to prevent hostilities between them. So, Moscow and Washington have a common goal.

A very important event – an extraordinary twist to illustrate the complexity of the conflict – took place in March. Russian and US forces were separately carrying out the same mission of Manbij and acting as a buffer between rival Kurdish and Turkish-backed militias. They acted separately but had the same objective. As The Times described it, «US and Russian troops have been patrolling the outskirts of the same Syrian town in the closest co-operation between the superpowers on the battlefield since the Second World War».

This was improvisation to prevent the worst. Inevitably, the activities were coordinated by commanders on the ground with the permissions given by top leaders in the nations’ capitals. The Manbij military council earlier had asked Russian and Syrian troops to form a buffer zone between Manbij and Turkish forces in al-Bab, 25 miles to the southwest.

The increased US military activity on Jordan’s northern border suggests that the operations will soon expand to southern Syria. A joint US-British-Jordanian military contingent is waiting in northern Jordan for the green light to enter southern Syria. The aim of the offensive is to combat the Khalid Ibn al-Walid Brigade, an Islamic State affiliate operating in the Golan Heights. This development introduces new potential consequences. A US military engagement in the south could result in conflict with the Russia-supported Syrian government forces located in the province of Daraa. Tensions could escalate to negatively affect the Astana peace process and the UN-backed Geneva negotiations.

Israel and Jordan have security concerns to spur talks on establishing a kind of buffer zone in the southern part of Syria to prevent terrorist attacks across the borders. President Trump and Jordanian King Abdullah discussed such a scenario in February. Israel is increasingly concerned about the presence of IS terrorists on its north-eastern border in the occupied Golan Heights – only 20 miles from the town of Safed. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is advocating the idea of creating a buffer zone inside Syria.

It’s not plain sailing, but the concept appears to have taken root in the US and its allies. Nothing is clear about what actors would be involved, who would be responsible for the protection of such zones on the ground, whether the establishment of a safe zone would be followed by declaring a no-fly zone, and who would shoulder the expenditure. The key question is whether the safe zones will eventually be returned to Syrian government control.

It’s worrisome that the discussions seem to never even mention the need to submit a plan to the United Nations or the Syria government for approval.

The implementation of a safe zone in southern Syria is fraught with the risk of engaging Syria’s government troops. Once established, it’ll need constant coordination and de-confliction with Syrian, Iranian and Russian forces. The US has no direct contacts with Syria and Iran, which makes Russia’s mediation the only way to do it. A no-fly zone is unthinkable without coordinating the activities with Russia.

In a broader term, cooperation between Washington and Moscow is inevitable for crisis management after the IS, Jabhat Fatah al-Sham and other extremist groups are routed.

Minister Lavrov’s statement is more than timely. As the situation creep demonstrates, there is no time to lose. One may not like the idea, but cooperation is inevitable. At the next G20 summit in July, the two leaders can hit it off and achieve a breakthrough as a start of a broader process of improving the overall relationship.

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